Text: S.2466 — 110th Congress (2007-2008)All Information (Except Text)

There is one version of the bill.

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Introduced in Senate (12/13/2007)


110th CONGRESS
1st Session
S. 2466


To amend the Public Health Service Act to increase the availability of vaccines, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

December 13, 2007

Mr. Kennedy introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions


A BILL

To amend the Public Health Service Act to increase the availability of vaccines, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Vaccines for the Uninsured Adult Act of 2008”.

SEC. 2. Certain authorities regarding adult immunizations.

(a) In general.—Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 243 et seq.) is amended—

(1) by redesignating section 317A as section 317A–1; and

(2) by inserting after section 317 the following section:

“SEC. 317A. Certain authorities regarding adult immunizations.

“(a) Immunization program for eligible adults.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall by regulation establish a program for the distribution of qualified adult vaccines through States with approved applications under paragraph (4)(C) and the payment of a fee for the administration of such vaccines, under which program—

“(A) each vaccine-eligible adult, in receiving an immunization with a qualified adult vaccine from a program-registered provider on or after October 1, 2009, is entitled to receive the immunization without charge for the cost of such vaccine; and

“(B)(i) each program-registered provider who administers such a vaccine to a vaccine-eligible adult on or after such date is entitled to receive such vaccine under the program without charge either for the vaccine or its delivery to the provider and is entitled to receive payment for the administration of such vaccine; and

“(ii) no vaccine is distributed under the program to a provider, and no payment is made for the administration of the vaccine by such a provider, unless the provider is a program-registered provider.

“(2) RELATIONSHIP TO PROGRAM FOR DISTRIBUTION OF PEDIATRIC VACCINES.—The provisions of the program under section 1928 of the Social Security Act (including provisions taking effect on or after the effective date of this section, other than subsection (f) of such section 1928) apply with respect to immunizations for vaccine-eligible adults under the program under paragraph (1) to the same extent and in the same manner as such provisions apply with respect to immunizations for vaccine-eligible children under the program under such section 1928, except to the extent that such a provision conflicts with this subsection. The preceding sentence may not be construed as having any effect on the program under title XIX of the Social Security Act, or as having the effect that, in the program under paragraph (1), State plans comparable to State plans under section 1902 of such Act are required.

“(3) VACCINE-ELIGIBLE ADULT.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘vaccine-eligible adult’ means a federally vaccine-eligible adult or a State vaccine-eligible adult.

“(B) FEDERALLY VACCINE-ELIGIBLE ADULT.—For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘federally vaccine-eligible adult’ means any of the following:

“(i) An adult who is not insured.

“(ii) An adult who—

“(I) is administered a qualified adult vaccine by a Federally-qualified health center (as defined in section 1905(l)(2)(B) of the Social Security Act), by any other entity that is a covered entity under section 340B(a)(4), or by any public clinic; and

“(II) is not insured with respect to the vaccine.

“(iii) An adult who—

“(I) is administered a qualified adult vaccine while incarcerated in a Federal, State, or local penal or correctional institution, including an adult who is held pending judicial or administrative proceedings; and

“(II) is not insured with respect to the vaccine.

“(C) STATE VACCINE-ELIGIBLE ADULT.—For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘State vaccine-eligible adult’ means, with respect to a State and a qualified adult vaccine, an adult who is within a class of adults for which the State is purchasing the vaccine pursuant to provisions that apply pursuant to paragraph (2).

“(4) PARTICIPATION OF STATES.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—In the case or each State with an approved application under subparagraph (C), the Secretary shall provide, in accordance with provisions that apply pursuant to paragraph (2), for the purchase and delivery on behalf of the State, without charge to the State, of such quantities of qualified adult vaccines as may be necessary for the administration of such vaccines to all vaccine-eligible adults in the State on or after October 1, 2009.

“(B) PROGRAM CRITERIA.—The Secretary, in accordance with provisions that apply pursuant to paragraph (2), shall establish criteria for State programs under paragraph (1).

“(C) STATE APPLICATION.—A State may participate in the program under paragraph (1) only if the State submits to the Secretary an application for such participation. The Secretary shall approve any such application that—

“(i) is submitted in such form and such manner as the Secretary may require; and

“(ii) demonstrates that the State is in compliance with criteria under subparagraph (B) and the requirement of subparagraph (D).

“(D) REQUIREMENT OF STATE MAINTENANCE OF IMMUNIZATION LAWS.—In the case of a State that had in effect as of July 1, 2008, a law that requires some or all health insurance policies or plans to provide some coverage with respect to an adult vaccine, the Secretary may not approve the State’s application under subparagraph (C) unless the State certifies to the Secretary that the State has not modified or repealed such law in a manner that reduces the amount of coverage so required.

“(5) ADDITIONAL DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this subsection:

“(A) The term ‘adult’ means an individual who is not a child as defined in section 1928 of the Social Security Act.

“(B) The term ‘adult vaccine’ means a federally recommended vaccine for adults.

“(C)(i) The term ‘insured’, with respect to an adult, means that the adult is enrolled under, and entitled to benefits under, a health insurance policy or plan, including a group health plan, a prepaid health plan, or an employee welfare benefit plan under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.

“(ii) An adult is not insured with respect to a qualified adult vaccine if the adult is entitled to benefits under such a health insurance policy or plan, but such benefits are not available with respect to the cost of such vaccine.

“(D) The term ‘qualified adult vaccine’ means an adult vaccine with respect to which a contract is in effect pursuant to provisions that apply pursuant to paragraph (2).

“(6) PAYMENT FOR VACCINE ADMINISTRATION.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The amount of payment for vaccine administration under the program under this section shall be the same as the amount established under the physician fee schedule under section 1848 of the Social Security Act for payment for administration of a vaccine under part B of title XVIII of such Act.

“(B) ADMINISTRATIVE CONTRACTS.—The Secretary shall enter into such contracts or agreements with qualified carriers or intermediaries as may be necessary for the processing of claims for payment for vaccine administration under this section.

“(7) DIRECT SPENDING.—The requirement under paragraph (1) that the Secretary carry out a program constitutes budget authority in advance of appropriations Acts, and represents the obligation of the Federal Government to make outlays to provide for immunizations of vaccine-eligible adults in accordance with this subsection, including with respect to program-registered providers and with respect to the purchase and delivery of qualified adult vaccines on behalf of States and with respect to the payment for vaccine administration.

“(b) Emergency response plan regarding shortages.—

“(1) DEVELOPMENT OF PLAN.—The Secretary shall develop and maintain a plan for the response of the Secretary to potential shortages in supplies of vaccines that would constitute public health emergencies. The plan shall include provisions with respect to—

“(A) communication among the relevant entities;

“(B) distribution of available supplies of the vaccine involved;

“(C) the designation of populations to be given priority for immunizations;

“(D) interactions with State and local governments;

“(E) the use of the vaccine stockpile; and

“(F) special considerations for specific vaccines.

“(2) COMPLETION OF PLAN.—The initial plan under paragraph (1) shall be completed not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of the Vaccines for the Uninsured Act of 2008.

“(3) STUDY ON REALLOCATION OF VACCINE.—Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of the Vaccines for the Uninsured Act of 2008, the Secretary shall complete a study and submit a report to the Congress on successful models and alternatives for tracking and facilitating, in consultation with State and local health officials, reallocation of vaccine at the local level in times of shortage or emergency.

“(c) Education program regarding adult immunizations.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall develop and implement a program to promote, among the adult population, immunizations with federally recommended vaccines.

“(2) CONTENT OF PROGRAM.—The program developed under paragraph (1) shall include the use of a mass media campaign.

“(3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—For the purpose of carrying out this subsection, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2009 through 2013.

“(d) General definitions.—For purposes of this section:

“(1) The term ‘approved vaccine’ means a vaccine for which a biologics license under section 351 is in effect.

“(2) The term ‘federally recommended vaccine’, with respect to an adult, means an approved vaccine that—

“(A) is recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (an advisory committee established by the Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) with respect to adults generally; or

“(B) is recommended by such Advisory Committee with respect to any group of adults because of their health condition, their employment status, or any other factor.”.

(b) Application of pediatric vaccine maintenance of effort provisions to adult vaccines.—

(1) UNDER ERISA.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Section 609(d) of Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1169(d)) is amended—

(i) in the heading, by inserting “or adult” after “pediatric”; and

(ii) by adding at the end the following: “A group health plan may not reduce its coverage of the costs of adult vaccines (as defined under section 317A(a)(5)(B) of the Public Health Service Act) below the coverage provided by the plan as of July 1, 2008.”.

(B) MONITORING BY IG.—The Inspector General of the Department of Labor shall submit an annual report to the Congress on implementation and enforcement of the requirement of section 609(d) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1169(d)), as amended by subparagraph (A), that a group health plan not reduce its coverage of the costs of adult vaccines below the coverage provided by the plan as of July 1, 2008.

(2) UNDER IRC.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Section 4980B(f)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting after “1993,” the following: “the coverage of the costs of adult vaccines (as defined in section 317A(a)(5)(B) of the Public Health Service Act) is not reduced below the coverage provided by the plan as of July 1, 2008,”.

(B) MONITORING BY IG.—The Inspector General of the Department of the Treasury shall submit an annual report to the Congress on implementation and enforcement of the requirement of section 4980B(f)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended by subparagraph (A), that a group health plan not reduce its coverage of the costs of adult vaccines below the coverage provided by the plan as of July 1, 2008.

(3) UNDER PHSA.—

(A) IN GENERAL.—Section 13631(d) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (Public Law 103–66; relating to title XXII of the Public Health Service Act) is amended—

(i) in the heading, by inserting “or adult” after “pediatric”; and

(ii) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following: “Such requirement also includes, with respect to a group health plan for plan years beginning after the date of the enactment of this sentence, the requirement that the group health plan not reduce its coverage of the costs of adult vaccines (as defined in section 317A(a)(5)(B) of the Public Health Service Act) below the coverage provided by the plan as of July 1, 2008.”.

(B) MONITORING BY IG.—The Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services shall submit an annual report to the Congress on implementation and enforcement of the requirement of section 13631(d) of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (Public Law 103–66), as amended by subparagraph (A), that a group health plan not reduce its coverage of the costs of adult vaccines below the coverage provided by the plan as of July 1, 2008.

(4) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendments made by paragraphs (1)(A), (2)(A), and (3)(A) shall apply to group health plans for plan years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3. Amendments to program of vaccine-related grants to States.

Section 317 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247b) is amended—

(1) in subsection (j), by adding at the end the following:

“(3)(A) For grants described in subsection (l) (relating to immunizing individuals without charge), there are authorized to be appropriated $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2009 and such sums as may be necessary for each subsequent fiscal year.

“(B) Of the amount appropriated pursuant to this paragraph for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010, the Secretary shall reserve not less than $80,000,000 for the purpose of providing immunizations for adults who have not, prior to fiscal year 2009, been served by immunization programs carried out with grants made pursuant to this section”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

“(l)(1) In making grants under subsection (a), the Secretary may make grants for preventive health service programs to provide immunizations without charge.

“(2) Subject to paragraphs (3) through (5), grants made pursuant to this subsection shall be made in accordance with criteria of the Secretary issued under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (j) for immunization programs. The preceding sentence may not be construed as terminating the authority of the Secretary to modify such criteria.

“(3) Grants made pursuant to this subsection may be expended to improve the ability of a State health authority, a political subdivision of a State, or another public entity to improve an immunization program, including through the following:

“(A) Conducting assessments to determine the number of adults in the area involved who need immunizations and the barriers to providing immunizations to such adults.

“(B) Developing and implementing strategies to increase the rate of immunizations in populations in which a significant number of individuals have not received immunizations with the federally recommended vaccines (as defined in section 317A(d)) for the populations.

“(C) Educating care givers, health care professionals, and the public about the need to be immunized.

“(D) Consulting with health care providers with respect to ensuring proper and timely immunizations for their patients.

“(E) Investigating and responding to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases.

“(F) Developing and modifying plans to respond to potential shortages in supplies of vaccines.

“(G) Preparing reports under paragraph (5) and any additional reports that are submitted to the Secretary pursuant to this paragraph.

“(4) A condition for the receipt of a grant by a State, a political subdivision of a State, or another public entity made pursuant to this paragraph for a fiscal year is that the State, political subdivision, or public entity have (or agree to develop, in the case of a grant for fiscal year 2008) a State plan that—

“(A) ensures the distribution and administration of vaccines in the event that the Secretary declares a shortage of approved vaccines as a public health emergency; and

“(B) includes plans for communication and coordination between—

“(i) State and local public health departments;

“(ii) community health centers;

“(iii) hospitals;

“(iv) private physicians licensed within the State; and

“(v) to the extent practicable, vaccine manufacturers and suppliers.

“(5) A condition for the receipt of a grant made pursuant to this paragraph for a fiscal year is that the applicant involved agree to submit to the Secretary a report that specifies for such year the quantity of each type of vaccine purchased with the grant and the per-dose cost of the vaccine.”.

SEC. 4. Prohibition on Medicaid cost-sharing for vaccines recommended by Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.

(a) In general.—Section 1916 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396o) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a), by striking “and (i)” and inserting “, (i), and (j)”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(j) The State plan shall require that no provider participating under the State plan may impose a copayment, cost sharing charge, or similar charge for administering to an adult individual who is eligible for medical assistance under such plan a federally recommended vaccine (as defined in section 317A(d) of the Public Health Service Act).”.

(b) Conforming amendment.—Section 1916A(a)(1) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396o–1(a)(1)) is amended by inserting “(other than subsection (j))” after “Notwithstanding sections 1916”.

(c) Effective date.—The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 5. Medicare and Medicaid programs; standards to measure usage and coverage of adult immunizations.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, shall establish standards for the measurement of use by beneficiaries under the Medicare and Medicaid programs of routinely recommended adult immunizations.

(b) Study for use of standards as a quality measure.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, shall conduct a study to determine the feasibility and advisability of including adult immunization by Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries, as a performance measure under quality initiatives conducted by the Secretary under the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

(c) Measurement of usage by health care workers.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, shall establish standards for the measurement of use by health care workers, as defined by the Secretary for purposes of this section, working in a provider of services (as defined in section 1861(u) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x(u)) of adult immunizations for influenza.

(d) Assessment of best practices To improve coverage of adult immunizations.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, shall conduct a study of the best practices of health insurers and managed care organizations to encourage the use of adult immunizations by enrollees of such insurers and organizations.

SEC. 6. Study on adult immunization for influenza for health care workers as a quality indicator for purposes of accreditation.

(a) Study.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall conduct a study to determine the feasibility and advisability of including as a requirement of accreditation of a provider of services (as defined in section 1861(u) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x(u)) compliance with recommended adult immunizations, including influenza, for all health care workers employed by the provider of services. Any such requirement should include a provision for informed refusal by the health care worker of the immunization and appropriate documentation of usage and refusal of such immunizations.

(b) Report.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the study conducted under subsection (a), and shall include in that report a description of the difficulties of implementing such a requirement as well as recommendations for the resolution of those difficulties.

SEC. 7. FEHBP coverage of qualified immunization services.

(a) In general.—Section 8902 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(p)(1) A contract may not be made or a plan approved which does not—

“(A) offer qualified immunization services to eligible enrollees, and

“(B) provide for the waiver of any deductible that might otherwise apply with respect to any such services provided to any such enrollee

“(2) For purposes of this subsection—

“(A) the term ‘qualified immunization services’ means the provision and administration of all federally recommended vaccines (as defined in section 317A(d) of the Public Health Service Act); and

“(B) the term ‘eligible enrollee’, as used with respect to a health benefits plan, means an individual enrolled in such plan under this chapter who is 18 years of age or older.”.

(b) Effective date.—The amendment made by this section shall apply to services provided under any contract entered into or renewed for any contract year beginning later than 9 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.


Share This