S.661 - Kinship Caregiver Support Act110th Congress (2007-2008)
|Sponsor:||Sen. Clinton, Hillary Rodham [D-NY] (Introduced 02/16/2007)|
|Committees:||Senate - Finance|
|Latest Action:||Senate - 02/16/2007 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance. (All Actions)|
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Text: S.661 — 110th Congress (2007-2008)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in Senate (02/16/2007)
To establish kinship navigator programs, to establish kinship guardianship assistance payments for children, and for other purposes.
Mr. Reid (for Mrs. Clinton (for herself, Ms. Snowe, and Mr. Cochran)) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance
To establish kinship navigator programs, to establish kinship guardianship assistance payments for children, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the “Kinship Caregiver Support Act”.
Congress finds the following:
(A) more that 4,500,000 children in the United States are living in grandparent-headed households, a 30 percent increase from 1990 to 2000; and
(B) an additional 1,500,000 children in the United States are living in households headed by other relatives.
(2) In the 2000 decennial census, over 2,400,000 grandparents reported that they were primarily responsible for meeting the basic needs of their grandchildren, and parents were not present in about 1⁄3 of the families involved.
(3) According to the 2000 decennial census, almost 1⁄5 of grandparents responsible for their grandchildren live in poverty.
(4) Kinship caregivers (as defined in section 103) often face a variety of unnecessary barriers, including difficulties enrolling children in school, authorizing medical treatment, maintaining public housing leases, obtaining affordable legal services, obtaining custody of children or otherwise achieving permanency for children in their care, and accessing a variety of Federal benefits and services.
(5) Kinship caregivers can help to keep children from entering the foster care system, and provide safe and permanent homes, but need services and supports to do so. They need better access to health insurance, respite care, child care, special education, housing, and other benefits.
(A) the benefits and services that are available to their families, such as health and mental health care, assistance provided under the program of block grants to States for temporary assistance for needy families established under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), kinship or foster care, kinship assistance and adoption assistance, child care and early education, special education, and other services for children with disabilities; and
(B) the legal authority, responsibilities, and rights of kinship caregivers.
(A) help kinship care families better use existing programs and services; and
(B) increase the capacity of public and private not-for-profit agencies, including community-based and faith-based agencies, and including agencies carrying out related Federal programs, such as the National Family Caregiver Support Program under part E of title III of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3030s et seq.), to better serve the needs of kinship care families.
The purposes of this Act are—
(1) to establish kinship navigator programs in States, large metropolitan areas, and tribal areas to assist kinship caregivers in navigating their way through programs and services, to help the caregivers learn about and obtain assistance to meet the needs of the children they are raising and their own needs; and
(2) to promote effective partnerships among public and private not-for-profit agencies, including community-based and faith-based agencies, to help the agencies described in this paragraph more effectively and efficiently serve kinship care families and address the fragmentation that creates barriers to meeting the needs of those families.
In this title:
(1) ASSISTANT SECRETARY.—The term “Assistant Secretary” means the Assistant Secretary for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services.
(2) KINSHIP CARE FAMILY.—The term “kinship care family” means a family with a kinship caregiver.
(A) lives with the child;
(B) is the primary caregiver of the child because the biological or adoptive parent of the child is unable or unwilling to serve as the primary caregiver of the child; and
(C) has a legal relationship to the child or is raising the child informally.
(4) LARGE METROPOLITAN AREA.—The term “large metropolitan area” means a metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the Bureau of the Census, with a population of not less than 1,000,000.
(5) METROPOLITAN AGENCY.—The term “metropolitan agency” means an agency serving a large metropolitan area, or a county or political subdivision of a large metropolitan area.
(6) STATE.—The term “State” means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
(7) TRIBAL AREA.—The term “tribal area” means the area served by a tribal organization.
(A) means a tribal organization, as defined in section 658P of the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858n); and
(B) includes a consortium of tribal organizations described in subparagraph (A).
(a) In General.—The Assistant Secretary may make grants to eligible entities to pay for the Federal share of the cost of carrying out kinship navigator programs.
(1) addressing the needs of kinship caregivers or children; and
(A) an area agency on aging under the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.); or
(B) an agency with jurisdiction over child welfare, income-based financial assistance, human services, or health matters, or a public entity that links family resource and support programs, for the State, large metropolitan area, or Indian tribe involved.
(c) Allocation of Grants.—Of the funds made available for grants under this section for each fiscal year, the Assistant Secretary shall use not less than 50 percent to make grants to State agencies.
(1) in fiscal year 2008, for periods of 3 years;
(2) in fiscal year 2009, for periods of 2 years; and
(3) in fiscal year 2010, for periods of 1 year.
(1) 100 percent in the first year of the grant period;
(2) 75 percent in the second year (if any) of the grant period; and
(3) 50 percent in the third year (if any) of the grant period.
(b) Non-Federal Share.—The non-Federal share of the cost may be provided in cash. Not more than 50 percent of the non-Federal share of the cost may be provided in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, or services.
(a) In General.—To be eligible to receive a grant under this title, an entity shall submit an application to the Assistant Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Assistant Secretary may require, including, at a minimum, the information described in subsection (b).
(A) identify gaps in services for kinship care families in the State, large metropolitan area, or tribal area to be served and the specific activities that are needed to bridge the gaps;
(B) convene a group of partners to assist in the operation of the kinship navigator program funded through the grant;
(C) utilize or develop relevant technology;
(D) conduct outreach to kinship caregivers about the kinship navigator program; and
(E) develop a plan for reaching kinship caregivers, ensuring that the caregivers can access the kinship navigator program, and following up to ensure that the caregivers actually receive necessary services and supports.
(2) An assurance that the entity will provide at least the core activities specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 107(b) for kinship care families through the kinship navigator program.
(3) A description of the activities the entity expects to offer over the grant period and the entity’s initial projection of the number of children and kinship caregivers likely to be served.
(A) kinship caregivers;
(B) youth raised or being raised by kinship caregivers;
(C) representatives of kinship care support organizations;
(D) relevant government agencies (including agencies with jurisdiction over matters relating to aging, mental health, mental retardation or developmental disabilities, substance abuse treatment, criminal justice, health, youth services, human services, education, income-based financial assistance, child welfare, child custody, guardianship, adoption, or child support enforcement);
(ii) educational institutions; and
(F) other State or local agencies or systems that promote service coordination or provide information and referral services, including the entities that provide the 2–1–1 or 3–1–1 information systems where applicable.
(A) how the entity will coordinate its activities with other State or local agencies or systems that promote service coordination or provide information and referral services for children, families, or older individuals, including the entities that provide the 2–1–1 or 3–1–1 information systems where applicable, so as to avoid duplication of services and the fragmentation of services that prevents kinship care families from getting the help the families need; and
(B) how the entity will encourage regional cooperation among agencies, particularly agencies serving border communities that may cross jurisdictional lines, to ensure that kinship care families will get help.
(A) activities established with the funds made available through grants made under this title;
(B) the numbers and ages of the children and caregivers assisted through the grants;
(C) the types of the assistance provided;
(D) the outcomes achieved with the assistance; and
(E) the barriers identified to meeting the needs of kinship care families and plans for addressing the barriers.
(7) An assurance that the entity, not later than 3 months after the end of the final year of the grant period, will submit a final report to the Administration for Children and Families that describes—
(A) the numbers and ages of the children and caregivers assisted through the grants;
(B) the types of assistance provided;
(C) the outcomes achieved with the assistance;
(D) the barriers to meeting the needs of kinship care families that were addressed through the grants;
(E) the plans of the entity to continue the kinship navigator program after the grant period has ended;
(F) lessons learned during the grant period; and
(G) recommendations about the considerations that should be taken into account as the program carried out under this title is expanded throughout the Nation.
(c) Preference.—In awarding grants under this title, the Assistant Secretary shall give preference to agencies or organizations that can demonstrate that the agencies and organizations will offer the full array of activities described in section 107(b).
(a) In General.—An entity that receives a grant under this title may use the funds made available through the grant directly, or through grants or contracts with other public or private not-for-profit agencies, including community-based or faith-based agencies, that have experience in connecting kinship caregivers with appropriate services and assistance.
(b) Use of Funds.—An entity that receives a grant under this title may use the funds made available through the grant for activities that help to connect kinship caregivers with the services and assistance required to meet the needs of the children the caregivers are raising and their own needs, such as—
(A) assist, through toll free access that includes access to a live operator, kinship caregivers, kinship care service providers, kinship care support group facilitators, and others to learn about and link to—
(i) local kinship care service providers, support groups, respite care programs, and special services for incarcerated parents;
(I) education (including preschool, elementary, secondary, postsecondary, and special education);
(II) family support services, early intervention services, mental health services, substance abuse prevention and treatment services, services to address domestic violence problems, services to address HIV or AIDS, legal services, child support, housing assistance, and child care;
(III) the disability insurance benefits program established under title II of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.);
(IV) the program of block grants to States for temporary assistance for needy families established under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
(V) the supplemental security income program established under title XVI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.);
(VI) the medicaid program established under title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.);
(VII) the State children’s health insurance program established under title XXI of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1397aa et seq.);
(VIII) the program of Federal payments for foster care and adoption assistance established under part E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 670 et seq.), including the program of kinship guardianship assistance payments for children established under section 472A of that Act; and
(IX) the food stamp program established under the Food Stamp Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.);
(iii) relevant training to assist kinship caregivers in obtaining benefits and services and performing their caregiving activities; and
(iv) relevant legal assistance and help in obtaining access to legal services, including access to legal aid service providers and statewide elder law hotlines;
(B) provide outreach to kinship care families, in collaboration with schools, pediatric care clinics, kinship care organizations, senior citizen centers, agencies with jurisdiction over child welfare or human services, and others to link the families to the kinship navigator program and to services and assistance; and
(C) establish, distribute, and regularly update kinship care resource guides, websites, or other relevant outreach materials;
(A) to help the agencies described in this paragraph more effectively and efficiently meet the needs of kinship care families; and
(B) to familiarize the agencies about the special needs of kinship care families, policies that affect their eligibility for a range of education, health, mental health, social, child care, and child welfare services, income-based financial assistance, legal assistance, and other services and benefits, and the means for making policies more supportive of kinship care families;
(3) establishing and supporting a kinship care ombudsman who has the authority to actively intervene with State agency staff or service providers with which the State agency contracts to help ensure, through various appropriate means including working with individual families in an ongoing manner, that kinship caregivers get the services they need and for which they are eligible; and
(4) supporting other activities that are designed to assist kinship caregivers in obtaining benefits, services, and activities designed to improve their caregiving.
(c) Limitation.—Except as provided in subsection (b)(4), the entity may not use any of the funds made available through the grant for direct services to children in kinship care families or to kinship caregivers.
In administering the program carried out under this title, the Assistant Secretary for Children and Families shall periodically consult with the Assistant Secretary for Aging of the Department of Health and Human Services.
The Assistant Secretary may reserve not more than 1 percent of the funds made available under this title for a fiscal year to provide technical assistance to the recipients of grants under this title related to the purposes of the grants.
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2008, $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2009, and $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2010.
(a) In General.—Part E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 670–679b) is amended by inserting after section 472 the following:
“(a) In General.—Each State with a plan approved under this part may, at State option, enter into kinship guardianship assistance agreements to provide kinship guardianship assistance payments on behalf of children to grandparents and other relatives who have assumed legal guardianship (as defined in section 475(7)) of the children for whom they have cared as foster parents and for whom they have committed to care for on a permanent basis.
“(A) negotiate and enter into a written kinship guardianship assistance agreement with the prospective relative guardian of a child who meets the requirements of subsection (d);
“(B) provide the prospective relative guardian with a copy of the agreement; and
“(C) certify that any child on whose behalf kinship guardianship assistance payments are made under such an agreement shall be provided medical assistance under title XIX in accordance with section 1902(a)(10)(A)(i)(I).
“(A) the amount of, and manner in which, each kinship guardianship assistance payment, if any, will be provided under the agreement;
“(B) the additional services and assistance that the child and relative guardian will be eligible for under the agreement;
“(C) the procedure by which the relative guardian may apply for additional services as needed, provided the agency and relative guardian agree on the additional services as specified in the case plan; and
“(D) subject to paragraph (4), that the State will pay the nonrecurring expenses associated with obtaining legal guardianship of the child.
“(A) that the agreement shall remain in effect without regard to the State residency of the relative guardian; and
“(B) for the protection (under an interstate compact approved by the Secretary or otherwise) of the interests of the child in any case where the relative guardian and the child move to another State while the agreement is in effect.
“(A) IN GENERAL.—For purposes of paragraph (2)(D), the term ‘nonrecurring expenses associated with obtaining legal guardianship’ includes the reasonable and necessary fees, court costs, attorneys’ fees, and other expenses that are directly related to obtaining legal guardianship of the child and which are not incurred in violation of Federal or State law.
“(B) FEDERAL SHARE.—A State’s payment of the nonrecurring expenses associated with obtaining legal guardianship shall be treated as an expenditure made for the proper and efficient administration of the State plan under section 474(a)(3)(E).
“(i) negotiated as part of the kinship guardianship assistance agreement required under subsection (b)(1)(A) between the relative guardian and the State or local agency responsible for administering such agreement;
“(ii) based on consideration of the circumstances and the needs of the relative guardian and of the child; and
“(iii) equal to the amount of the foster care maintenance payment for which the child would have been eligible if the child had remained in foster care.
“(B) READJUSTMENT.—The kinship guardianship assistance payment may be readjusted periodically, with the concurrence of the relative guardian, based on relevant changes in the needs of the relative guardian and of the child.
“(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph (B), no kinship guardianship assistance payment may be made to a relative guardian for any child who has attained 18 years of age.
“(i) is a full-time student in a secondary school or in the equivalent level of a vocational or technical training program and has not attained 19 years of age; or
“(ii) with respect to a child who the State determines has a mental or physical disability that warrants the continuation of assistance until the child attains 21 years of age.
“(i) removed from his or her home pursuant to a voluntary placement agreement or as a result of a judicial determination to the effect that continuation in the home would be contrary to the welfare of the child;
“(ii) under the care of the State agency for the 12-month period ending on the date of the agency determination; and
“(iii) eligible for foster care maintenance payments under section 472.
“(B) Being returned home or adopted are not appropriate permanency options for the child.
“(C) The child demonstrates a strong attachment to the prospective relative guardian and the relative guardian has a strong commitment to caring permanently for the child.
“(D) With respect to a child who has attained 14 years of age, the child has been consulted regarding the kinship guardianship arrangement.
“(A) the child and any minor sibling of the child may be placed in the same kinship guardianship arrangement if the State agency and the relative agree on the appropriateness of the arrangement for the siblings; and
“(B) kinship guardianship assistance payments may be paid for the child and each sibling so placed.”.
(b) Maintaining Eligibility for Adoption Assistance Program.—Section 473(a) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 673(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
“(7) The adoptive parents of a child who has been determined by the State, pursuant to subsection (c), to be a child with special needs and on whose behalf kinship guardianship assistance payments have been made under section 472A shall be eligible for adoption assistance as if no kinship guardianship agreement or payments had been made. The State shall make payments of nonrecurring adoption expenses under this section to the adoptive parents of such a child. The State may make adoption assistance payments under this section even if the child fails to meet the requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (2), if the child would meet the requirements of such subparagraphs if the child were treated as if the child were in the same financial and other circumstances the child was in at the time the kinship guardianship assistance agreement was made.”
(c) Expansion of eligibility for foster care independence program.—Section 477(i)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 677(i)(2)) is amended by striking “youths adopted from foster care after attaining age 16” and inserting “youths exiting from foster care to adoption or legal guardianship after attaining 16 years of age”.
(1) STATE PLAN REQUIREMENT.—Section 471(a)(20)(A) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 671(a)(20)) is amended, in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking “foster or adoptive parent before the foster or adoptive parent may be finally approved for placement of a child on whose behalf foster care maintenance payments or adoption assistance payments” and inserting “foster parent, adoptive parent, or relative guardian before the foster parent, adoptive parent, or relative guardian may be finally approved for placement of a child on whose behalf foster care maintenance payments, adoption assistance payments, or kinship guardianship assistance payments”.
(A) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking “foster or adoptive parents and the members of the staff of State-licensed or State-approved child care institutions providing care to foster and adopted children receiving assistance under this part, in ways that increase the ability of such current or prospective parents, staff members, and institutions to provide support and assistance to foster and adopted children,” and inserting “foster parents, adoptive parents, or relative guardians and the members of the staff of State-licensed or State-approved child care institutions providing care to foster children, adoptive children, or children living with a relative guardian receiving assistance under this part, in ways that increase the ability of such current or prospective parents, relative guardians, staff members, and institutions to provide support and assistance to foster children, adoptive children, or children living with a relative guardian,”;
(B) in paragraph (4)(B), by striking the period at the end and inserting “; plus”; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
“(5) an amount equal to the Federal medical assistance percentage (as defined in section 1905(b)) of the total amount expended during such quarter as kinship guardianship assistance payments under section 472A pursuant to kinship guardianship assistance agreements.”.
(3) DEFINITIONS.—Section 475(1) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 675(1)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
“(i) the steps that the agency has taken to determine that it is not appropriate for the child to be returned home or adopted;
“(ii) the reasons why a permanent placement with a fit and willing relative through a kinship guardianship assistance arrangement is in the child’s best interests;
“(iii) the ways in which the child meets the eligibility requirements for a kinship guardianship assistance payment;
“(iv) the efforts the agency has made to discuss adoption by the child’s relative foster parent as a more permanent alternative to legal guardianship and, in the case of a relative foster parent who has chosen not to pursue adoption, documentation of the reasons therefor; and
“(v) the efforts made by the State agency to secure the consent of the child’s parent or parents to the kinship guardianship assistance arrangement, or the reasons why the efforts were not made.”.
(e) Effective Date.—The amendments made by this section take effect on October 1, 2007.
(a) Authority To Conduct Projects.—The Secretary shall enter into agreements with eligible entities to conduct demonstration projects for the purpose of providing kinship guardianship assistance payments on behalf of children to grandparents and other relatives who have assumed legal guardianship (as defined in section 475(7) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(7)) of the children for whom they have cared as foster parents and for whom they have committed to care for on a permanent basis in large metropolitan areas located in States that have not elected the option to provide kinship guardianship assistance payments for children under section 472A of the Social Security Act (as added by section 201).
(b) Terms and Conditions.—The terms and conditions applicable to demonstration projects conducted under this section shall be consistent, to the extent the Secretary determines appropriate, with the terms and conditions applicable to the State option to provide kinship guardianship assistance payments for children under section 472A of the Social Security Act.
(c) Report.—Not later than October 1, 2009, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress on the demonstration projects conducted under this section.
(d) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to conduct demonstration projects under this section for fiscal years beginning with fiscal year 2008.
(A) a metropolitan agency, as defined in section 103(5); and
(B) any other entity that the Secretary determines is qualified to conduct a demonstration project under this section.
(2) LARGE METROPOLITAN AREA.—The term “large metropolitan area” has the meaning given that term in section 103(4).
(3) SECRETARY.—The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
(1) by striking “that the State” and inserting “that—
“(A) the State”;
(2) by adding “and” after the semicolon; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
“(B) within 60 days of the removal of the child from the custody of the child’s parent or parents, the State shall identify and give notice to all adult grandparents and other adult relatives of the child (including any other adult relatives suggested by the parents), subject to exceptions due to family or domestic violence, that—
“(i) specifies that the child has been or is being removed from the custody of the child’s parent or parents; and
“(ii) explains the options the relative has under Federal, State, and local law to participate in the child’s care and placement, including any options that may be lost by failing to respond to the notice;”.
(b) Effective Date.—The amendments made by this section take effect on October 1, 2007.
(1) by striking “which shall be responsible” and inserting “which—
“(A) shall be responsible”;
(2) by inserting “and” after the semicolon; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
“(i) establish and maintain separate standards for foster family homes in which a foster parent is a relative of the foster child that, at a minimum, protect the safety of the child and provide for criminal records checks, as described in paragraph (20); and
“(ii) apply the standards referred to in clause (i) to any such relative foster care provider to whom funds are paid pursuant to section 472 or part B in lieu of the standards that would otherwise apply to a foster family home;”.
(b) Effective Date.—The amendments made by this section take effect on October 1, 2007.