Text: H.R.3198 — 111th Congress (2009-2010)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (07/14/2009)


111th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3198


To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to provide international wildlife management and conservation programs through the Wildlife Without Borders Program in the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 14, 2009

Mr. Young of Alaska introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Natural Resources


A BILL

To authorize the Secretary of the Interior to provide international wildlife management and conservation programs through the Wildlife Without Borders Program in the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Wildlife Without Borders Authorization Act”.

SEC. 2. Findings and purpose.

(a) Findings.—Congress finds that—

(1) our Nation has a long-standing commitment to assisting other countries with the conservation of wildlife species and limited wildlife conservation resources, including trained wildlife professionals, are often unavailable in many foreign countries containing globally important biological resources;

(2) conservation activities, both overseas and in neighboring countries, are required to meet the Federal Government’s obligations under numerous international treaties, laws, agreements, and cooperative programs;

(3) since 1983, the Wildlife Without Borders Program, an administratively created program within the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, has provided wildlife conservation assistance throughout the world by developing locally adapted wildlife management and conservation programs, in coordination with non-governmental organizations, governments, private businesses, and community leaders, in an effort to maintain global species diversity;

(4) activities under the Wildlife Without Borders Program is responsible for implementation of over 950 conservation projects around the world that address grass-roots threats to numerous endangered species, habitats, and ecosystems and that complement the United States Fish and Wildlife Service’s existing programs for African elephants, rhinoceros and tigers, Asian elephants, great apes, neotropical migratory birds, and marine turtles;

(5) activities under the Wildlife Without Borders Program provide education, training, and outreach to strengthen capacity for habitat and wildlife conservation throughout the world and serve a key role in facilitating international dialogue; and

(6) although the Secretary of the Interior is generally authorized to undertake partnering and capacity building activities, a specific authorization will reinforce our Nation’s long-term commitment to the Wildlife Without Borders Program.

(b) Purpose.—The purpose of this Act is to provide capacity building, outreach, education, and training assistance in endangered species and strategic habitat conservation to other nations by providing international wildlife management and conservation programs through the Wildlife Without Borders Program.

SEC. 3. Definitions.

In this Act:

(1) CONSERVATION.—The term “conservation” includes—

(A) the methods and procedures necessary to bring a species to the point at which there are sufficient populations in the wild to ensure that the species does not become extinct; and

(B) all activities associated with protection and management of a species, including—

(i) maintenance, management, protection, and restoration of species habitat;

(ii) research and monitoring;

(iii) law enforcement;

(iv) community outreach and education;

(v) conflict resolution initiatives; and

(vi) strengthening the capacity of local communities, government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and other institutions to implement conservation programs.

(2) FISH OR WILDLIFE.—The term “fish or wildlife” means any member of the animal kingdom, including any mammal, fish, bird, amphibian, reptile, mollusk, crustacean, or arthropod.

(3) PLANT.—The term “plant” mean any member of the plant kingdom, including seeds, roots, and other parts thereof.

(4) SECRETARY.—The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Interior.

(5) SPECIES.—The term “species” includes any subspecies of fish or wildlife or plants, and any distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate fish or wildlife.

SEC. 4. Wildlife without borders program.

(a) In general.—The Secretary shall carry out the Wildlife Without Borders Program within the United States Fish and Wildlife Service to provide international wildlife conservation assistance through the initiation, facilitation, and promotion of locally adapted wildlife management and conservation programs in coordination with non-governmental organizations, governments, private businesses, and community leaders. Such program shall include, but shall not be limited to, partnership programs for grass roots capacity building, applied scientific conservation research, and wildlife management training.

(b) Program components.—The program authorized under this section shall include the following:

(1) SPECIES PROGRAM.—A species program, which shall comprise administration of the programs and funds authorized by—

(A) the African Elephant Conservation Act of 1988 (16 U.S.C. 4201 et seq.);

(B) the Asian Elephant Conservation Act of 1997 (16 U.S.C. 4261 et seq.);

(C) the Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation Act of 1994 (16 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.);

(D) the Great Ape Conservation Act of 2000 (16 U.S.C. 6301);

(E) the Marine Turtle Conservation Act of 2004 (16 U.S.C. 6601); and

(F) any similar, future authority provided to the Secretary and implemented by the Fish and Wildlife Service.

(2) REGIONAL PROGRAM.—A regional program, which shall—

(A) address grass-roots conservation problems through a regional grants program focused on building in-country human and institutional capacity to achieve comprehensive conservation in a manner adapted to the particular needs of a partner country;

(B) facilitate and guide delivery of other international United States Fish and Wildlife Service programs; and

(C) coordinate, develop, and implement regional treaties, conventions, and accords, including regional coordination mechanisms, on behalf of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

(3) GLOBAL PROGRAM.—A global program, which shall, through programs under the jurisdiction of the secretary and that are implemented through the United States Fish and Wildlife Service—

(A) implement global habitat and conservation initiatives; and

(B) address the international aspects of global conservation threats, such as invasive species and wildlife disease.

(c) Coordination.—The Secretary shall operate the program components authorized under this section in a coordinated fashion to ensure efficient and cost-effective implementation.

(d) Additional components.—The Secretary may include such additional components in the program authorized under this section as the Secretary considers appropriate.

SEC. 5. Acceptance and use of donations.

In administering the Wildlife Without Borders Program, the Secretary may accept donations of funds and to use such funds for capacity building, grants, and other on-the-ground uses carried out by the program components authorized under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 4.

SEC. 6. Federal Advisory Committee Act.

The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to any advisory committees established under this Act.

SEC. 7. Authorization of appropriations.

To carry out this Act there is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2015.