Summary: H.R.5590 — 111th Congress (2009-2010)All Information (Except Text)

There is one summary for H.R.5590. Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

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Introduced in House (06/24/2010)

Counterterrorism Enhancement and Department of Homeland Security Authorization Act of 2010 - Authorizes appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2011.

Prohibits: (1) the use of Department of Justice (DOJ) funds to prosecute an individual detained at Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on or after January 22, 2009, in a U.S. criminal court; and (2) the President from transferring or releasing an individual currently detained at Guantanamo to any state without the state's consent and the President's certification that the individual does not pose a security risk.

Amends the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to establish within the legislative branch the National Commission on the Prevention of Violent Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism. Directs the Secretary of DHS to establish or designate a university-based Center of Excellence for the Study of Violent Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism.

Expresses the sense of Congress that the House of Representatives and the Senate should fully implement the recommendations of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States for creating a single, principal point of oversight and review for homeland security by amending House and Senate rules relating to committee jurisdiction. Amends the Rules of the House to direct the Speaker to consider the recommendations of the Commission for consolidating oversight and review of homeland security.

Directs the Secretary to submit to Congress a strategy for gaining effective control of the international borders of the United States within five years. Requires the Secretary, for FY2011-FY2014, to maintain not fewer than 20,000 Border Patrol agents and sufficient support staff. Directs the Secretary, by June 30, 2011, to complete the exit portion of the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology system (US-VISIT) required for aliens arriving in or departing from the United States at an airport or seaport.

Provides for mandatory detention of aliens apprehended at or between ports of entry. Authorizes the Secretary to establish permanent United States Secret Service international field offices to enhance cybersecurity and the Secret Service's ability to combat cyber crime and counterfeiting of U.S. currency.

Transportation Security Administration Authorization Act - Authorizes appropriations for the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) for FY2011. Requires establishment of an Aviation Security Advisory Committee within TSA.

Directs the Secretary to establish: (1) a timely and fair process for individuals who believe they were delayed or prohibited from boarding a commercial aircraft or denied a right, benefit, or privilege because they were wrongly identified as a threat when screened against any terrorist watchlist or database used by TSA; (2) an Office of Appeals and Redress in DHS; and (3) a Surface Transportation Security Inspection Office.

Amends the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 to require establishment of a Transit Security Advisory Committee in TSA. Directs the Secretary to increase the number of canine teams certified by TSA for passenger rail and public transportation security activities.

Screening Applied Fairly and Equitably to Truckers Act of 2010 or the SAFE Truckers Act of 2010 - Directs the Secretary to issue final regulations defining security sensitive materials. Prohibits a commercial motor vehicle operator licensed to operate in Mexico or Canada from operating a commercial motor vehicle transporting a security sensitive material in commerce in the United States until the operator has been subjected to, and not disqualified as a result of, a security background records check by a federal agency.

Authorizes appropriations for the Coast Guard for FY2011. Authorizes the Commandant of the Coast Guard to establish and operate one or more centers of Maritime Security.

Alien Smuggling and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2010 - Directs the Secretary to check against available terrorist watchlists those suspected of alien smuggling and smuggled individuals who are interdicted at the land, air, and sea borders of the United States. Amends the Immigration and Nationality Act to modify, and increase penalties for, alien smuggling offenses.

Authorizes appropriations for the Federal Protective Service (FPS) for FY2011. Directs the Secretary to: (1) conduct facility security assessments; and (2) develop minimum standards for training and annual recertification for FPS's contract guards. Grants the Secretary a right of entry to property for which security is provided by FPS. Directs the Secretary to: (1) conduct security inspections and verifications for such property; (2) require such properties to undergo unannounced security inspections; and (3) issue a list of items that are prohibited from being brought into FPS-protected facilities unless specifically authorized on a case-by-case basis. Requires the FPS Director to publish: (1) a list of qualified vendors and products that would promote common standards of deployment of personnel and technology; (2) standards for training personnel; and (3) best practices for utilizing items on the qualified products list.

Extends the Chemical Facilities Antiterrorism Security Program. Directs the Secretary, through the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and in coordination with the Under Secretary for National Protection and Programs, to establish a voluntary chemical security training program and exercise program.

Directs the Secretary to: (1) establish an Office for Bombing Prevention with primary responsibility for enhancing the ability, and coordinating the efforts, of the United States to deter, detect, prevent, protect against, and respond to terrorist explosive attacks in the United States; and (2) develop and periodically update a national strategy to prevent and prepare for terrorist explosive attacks in the United States.

Establishes in DHS a Community Preparedness Division whose Director shall have primary responsibility for assisting the efforts of state, local, and tribal governments in preparing U.S. citizens for acts of terrorism and other emergencies. Establishes in the Division: (1) a Citizen Corps Program; (2) a Community Emergency Response Team Program; and (3) a Fire Corps Program. Directs the Secretary to conduct a Metropolitan Medical Response System Program.

Authorizes appropriations for the Directorate of Science and Technology for FY2011. Establishes a Test, Evaluation, and Standards Division. Directs the Under Secretary for Science and Technology to prepare a strategic plan for Directorate activities. Directs the Comptroller General to initiate a study to assess the university-based centers for homeland security program.

Directs the Under Secretary to: (1) conduct research and development to enhance the protection of the nation's agriculture and food system against terrorist attacks; and (2) produce risk assessments for biological and chemical threats. Directs the Secretary, through the Under Secretary, to establish a Homeland Security Science and Technology Fellows Program.

Authorizes appropriations for the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office for FY2011.

Establishes the Commission on the Protection of Critical Electric and Electronic Infrastructures.

Authorizes appropriations for the Securing the Cities Initiative (using next generation technology to detect the transport of nuclear and radiological material in urban areas).

Requires the Secretary to delegate to specified Chief Operating Officers of DHS direct authority over their counterparts in component agencies to ensure that such component agencies adhere to the laws, rules, regulations, and departmental policies for which each such Officer is responsible.

Directs the Secretary to establish: (1) an Acquisition Professional Career Program; and (2) a process for the review of proposed investments by DHS.

Directs the Secretary to designate a full-time privacy official within each of specified components of DHS to have primary responsibility for implementing DHS privacy policy in each such component.

Provides immunity for certain good faith reports of suspected terrorist activity or suspicious behavior and qualified immunity for response.

Directs the Secretary, every three years, to issue a biodefense strategy.

Provides for civil liability for disclosure of protected security information.

Establishes in DHS a Chief Veterinary Officer who shall have primary responsibility for veterinary issues, food defense, and agriculture security.