S.1820 - Clean Cruise Ship Act of 2009111th Congress (2009-2010)
|Sponsor:||Sen. Durbin, Richard J. [D-IL] (Introduced 10/21/2009)|
|Committees:||Senate - Commerce, Science, and Transportation|
|Latest Action:||Senate - 10/21/2009 Read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. (text of measure as introduced: CR S10638-10641) (All Actions)|
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Text: S.1820 — 111th Congress (2009-2010)All Information (Except Text)
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Introduced in Senate (10/21/2009)
To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to establish national standards for discharges from cruise vessels.
Mr. Durbin introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to establish national standards for discharges from cruise vessels.
This Act may be cited as the “Clean Cruise Ship Act of 2009”.
(1) cruise ships carry millions of passengers through North American waters each year, showcase some of the most beautiful ocean and coastal environments in the United States, and provide opportunities for passengers to relax and enjoy oceans and marine ecosystems;
(2) the number of cruise passengers continues to grow, making the cruise industry one of the fastest growing tourism sectors in the world;
(3) in 2007, more than 10,000,000 passengers departed from North America on thousands of cruise ships;
(4) during the 2 decades preceding the date of enactment of this Act, the average cruise ship size has increased at a rate of approximately 90 feet every 5 years;
(5) an average-sized cruise vessel generates millions of gallons of liquid waste and many tons of solid waste;
(6) in just 1 week, a 3000-passenger cruise ship generates approximately 210,000 gallons of human sewage, 1,000,000 gallons of water from showers and sinks and dishwashing water (commonly known as “graywater”), 37,000 gallons of oily bilge water, more than 8 tons of solid waste, and toxic wastes from dry cleaning and photo-processing laboratories;
(7) in an Environmental Protection Agency survey of 29 ships traveling in Alaskan waters, reported sewage generation rates ranged from 1,000 to 74,000 gallons per day per vessel, with the average volume of sewage generated being 21,000 gallons per day per vessel;
(8) those frequently untreated cruise ship discharges deliver nutrients, hazardous substances, pharmaceuticals, and human pathogens, including viruses and bacteria, directly into the marine environment;
(9) in the final report of the United States Commission on Ocean Policy, that Commission found that cruise ship discharges, if not treated and disposed of properly, and the cumulative impacts caused when cruise ships repeatedly visit the same environmentally sensitive areas, “can be a significant source of pathogens and nutrients with the potential to threaten human health and damage shellfish beds, coral reefs, and other aquatic life”;
(10) pollution from cruise ships not only has the potential to threaten marine life and human health through consumption of contaminated seafood, but also poses a health risk for recreational swimmers, surfers, and other beachgoers;
(11) according to the Environmental Protection Agency, “Sewage may host many pathogens of concern to human health, including Salmonella, Shigella, Hepatitis A and E, and gastro-intestinal viruses. Sewage contamination in swimming areas and shellfish beds poses potential risks to human health and the environment by increasing the rate of waterborne illnesses”;
(12) the nutrient pollution from human sewage discharges from cruise ships can contribute to the incidence of harmful algal blooms;
(13) algal blooms have been implicated in the deaths of marine life, including the deaths of more than 150 manatees off the coast of Florida;
(A) “[a]ll blackwater should be treated”;
(B) treated blackwater should be “avoided in ports, close to bathing beaches or water bodies with restricted circulation, flushing or inflow”; and
(C) blackwater should not be discharged within 4 nautical miles of shellfish beds, coral reefs, or other sensitive habitats;
(15) that Science Panel further recommended that graywater be treated in the same manner as blackwater and that sewage sludge be off-loaded to approved land-based facilities;
(16) in a summary of recommendations for addressing unabated point sources of pollution, the Pew Oceans Commission states that, “Congress should enact legislation that regulates wastewater discharges from cruise ships under the Clean Water Act by establishing uniform minimum standards for discharges in all State waters and prohibiting discharges within the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone that do not meet effluent standards.”; and
(A) to protect coastal and ocean areas from pollution generated by cruise vessels;
(B) to reduce and better regulate discharges from cruise vessels; and
(C) to improve monitoring, reporting, and enforcement of standards regarding discharges.
(b) Purpose.—The purpose of this Act is to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) to establish national standards and prohibitions for discharges from cruise vessels.
Section 402 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1342) is amended by adding at the end the following:
“(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘bilge water’ means wastewater.
“(ii) INCLUSIONS.—The term ‘bilge water’ includes lubrication oils, transmission oils, oil sludge or slops, fuel or oil sludge, used oil, used fuel or fuel filters, and oily waste.
“(B) COMMANDANT.—The term ‘Commandant’ means the Commandant of the Coast Guard.
“(I) is authorized to carry at least 250 passengers; and
“(II) has onboard sleeping facilities for each passenger.
“(I) a vessel of the United States operated by the Federal Government;
“(II) a vessel owned and operated by the government of a State; or
“(III) a vessel owned by a local government.
“(D) DISCHARGE.—The term ‘discharge’ means the release, escape, disposal, spilling, leaking, pumping, emitting, or emptying of bilge water, graywater, hazardous waste, incinerator ash, sewage, sewage sludge, trash, or garbage from a cruise vessel into the environment, however caused, other than—
“(i) at an approved shoreside reception facility, if applicable; and
“(ii) in compliance with all applicable Federal, State, and local laws (including regulations).
“(E) EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE.—The term ‘exclusive economic zone’ has the meaning given the term in section 2101 of title 46, United States Code (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of Public Law 109–304 (120 Stat. 1485)).
“(F) FUND.—The term ‘Fund’ means the Cruise Vessel Pollution Control Fund established by paragraph (11)(A)(i).
“(G) GARBAGE.—The term ‘garbage’ means solid waste from food preparation, service and disposal activities, even if shredded, ground, processed, or treated to comply with other requirements.
“(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘graywater’ means galley water, dishwasher, and bath, shower, and washbasin water.
“(I) spa, pool, and laundry wastewater;
“(II) wastes from soot tanker or economizer cleaning;
“(III) wastes from photo processing;
“(IV) wastes from vessel interior surface cleaning; and
“(V) miscellaneous equipment and process wastewater.
“(I) HAZARDOUS WASTE.—The term ‘hazardous waste’ has the meaning given the term in section 6903 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6903).
“(J) INCINERATOR ASH.—The term ‘incinerator ash’ means ash generated during the incineration of solid waste or sewage sludge.
“(K) NEW VESSEL.—The term ‘new vessel’ means a vessel, the construction of which is initiated after promulgation of standards and regulations under this subsection.
“(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘no-discharge zone’ means an area of ecological importance, whether designated by Federal, State, or local authorities.
“(I) a marine sanctuary;
“(II) a marine protected area;
“(III) a marine reserve; and
“(IV) a marine national monument.
“(M) PASSENGER.—The term ‘passenger’ means any person (including a paying passenger and any staff member, such as a crew member, captain, or officer) traveling on board a cruise vessel.
“(i) human and animal body wastes; and
“(ii) wastes from toilets and other receptacles intended to receive or retain human and animal body wastes.
“(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘sewage sludge’ means any solid, semi-solid, or liquid residue removed during the treatment of on-board sewage.
“(I) solids removed during primary, secondary, or advanced wastewater treatment;
“(IV) portable toilet pumpings;
“(V) type III marine sanitation device pumpings (as defined in part 159 of title 33, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation)); and
“(VI) sewage sludge products.
“(I) grit or screenings; or
“(II) ash generated during the incineration of sewage sludge.
“(P) TRASH.—The term ‘trash’ means solid waste from vessel operations and passenger services, even if shredded, ground, processed, or treated to comply with other regulations.
“(i) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided by subparagraph (C), no cruise vessel departing from, or calling on, a port of the United States may discharge sewage sludge, incinerator ash, or hazardous waste into navigable waters, including the contiguous zone and the exclusive economic zone.
“(ii) OFF-LOADING.—Sewage sludge, incinerator ash, and hazardous waste described in clause (i) shall be off-loaded at an appropriate land-based facility.
“(i) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided by subparagraph (C), no cruise vessel departing from or calling on, a port of the United States may discharge sewage, graywater, or bilge water into navigable waters, including the contiguous zone and the exclusive economic zone, unless—
“(I) the sewage, graywater, or bilge water is treated to meet all applicable effluent limits established under this section and is in accordance with all other applicable laws;
“(II) the cruise vessel is underway and proceeding at a speed of not less than 6 knots;
“(III) the cruise vessel is more than 12 nautical miles from shore; and
“(IV) the cruise vessel complies with all applicable standards established under this Act.
“(ii) NO-DISCHARGE ZONES.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph, no cruise vessel departing from, or calling on, a port of the United States may discharge treated or untreated sewage, graywater, or bilge water into a no-discharge zone.
“(I) a discharge is made solely for the purpose of securing the safety of the cruise vessel or saving human life at sea; and
“(II) all reasonable precautions have been taken to prevent or minimize the discharge.
“(I) IN GENERAL.—If the owner, operator, master, or other person in charge of a cruise vessel authorizes a discharge described in clause (i), the person shall notify the Administrator and the Commandant of the decision to authorize the discharge as soon as practicable, but not later than 24 hours, after authorizing the discharge.
“(II) REPORT.—Not later than 7 days after the date on which a discharge described in clause (i) occurs, the owner, operator, master, or other person in charge of a cruise vessel, shall submit to the Administrator and the Commandant a report that describes—
“(aa) the quantity and composition of each discharge authorized under clause (i);
“(bb) the reason for authorizing each such discharge;
“(cc) the location of the vessel during the course of each such discharge; and
“(dd) such other supporting information and data as are requested by the Commandant or the Administrator.
“(III) DISCLOSURE OF REPORTS.—Upon receiving a report under subclause (II), the Administrator shall make the report available to the public.
“(i) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Administrator shall promulgate effluent limits for sewage, graywater, and bilge water discharges from cruise vessels.
“(I) be consistent with the capability of the best available technology to treat effluent;
“(II) take into account the best available scientific information on the environmental effects of sewage, graywater, and bilge water discharges, including conventional, nontoxic, and toxic pollutants and petroleum;
“(III) take into account marine life and ecosystems, including coral reefs, shell fish beds, endangered species, marine mammals, seabirds, and marine ecosystems;
“(IV) take into account conditions that will affect marine life, ecosystems, and human health, including seamounts, continental shelves, oceanic fronts, warm core and cold core rings, and ocean currents; and
“(V) require compliance with all relevant Federal and State water quality standards.
“(iii) MINIMUM LIMITS.—The effluent limits promulgated under clause (i) shall require, at a minimum, that treated sewage, treated graywater, and treated bilge water effluent discharges from cruise vessels, measured at the point of discharge, shall, not later than the date described in subparagraph (C)—
“(I) satisfy the minimum level of effluent quality specified in section 133.102 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation); and
“(aa) have a geometric mean that does not exceed 20 fecal coliform per 100 milliliters;
“(bb) not exceed 40 fecal coliform per 100 milliliters in more than 10 percent of the samples; and
“(cc) with respect to concentrations of total residual chlorine, not exceed 10 milligrams per liter.
“(i) review the effluent limits promulgated under subparagraph (A) at least once every 5 years; and
“(ii) revise the effluent limits to incorporate technology available at the time of the review in accordance with subparagraph (A)(ii).
“(i) with respect to new vessels put into water after the date of enactment of this subsection, as of the date that is 180 days after the date of promulgation of the effluent limits; and
“(ii) with respect to vessels in use as of that date of enactment, as of the date that is 1 year after the date of promulgation of the effluent limits.
“(I) the effluent limitations promulgated under subparagraph (A);
“(II) all other applicable provisions of this Act;
“(III) any regulations promulgated under this Act;
“(IV) other applicable Federal laws (including regulations); and
“(V) all applicable international treaty requirements.
“(I) conduct sampling or testing at the point of discharge on a monthly basis, or more frequently, as determined by the Administrator;
“(aa) discharges of sewage, graywater, and bilge water from cruise vessels;
“(bb) pollutants emitted in sewage, graywater, and bilge water from cruise vessels; and
“(cc) functioning of cruise vessel components relating to fuel consumption and control of air and water pollution;
“(aa) the location and time of discharges from cruise vessels;
“(bb) the source, content, and volume of the discharges; and
“(cc) the operational state of components relating to pollution control technology at the time of the discharges, including whether the components are operating correctly;
“(IV) establish chains of custody, analysis protocols, and other specific information necessary to ensure that the sampling, testing, and records of that sampling and testing are reliable; and
“(V) maintain, and provide on a monthly basis to the Administrator, electronic copies of required sampling and testing data.
“(iii) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.—The Administrator shall require the compilation and production, and not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection and biennially thereafter, the provision to the Administrator and the Commandant in electronic format, of documentation for each cruise vessel that includes, at a minimum—
“(I) a detailed description of onboard waste treatment mechanisms in use by the cruise vessel, including the manufacturer of the waste treatment technology on board;
“(II) a detailed description of onboard sludge management practices of the cruise vessel;
“(III) copies of applicable hazardous materials forms;
“(IV) a characterization of the nature, type, and composition of discharges by the cruise vessel;
“(V) a determination of the volumes of those discharges, including average volumes; and
“(VI) the locations, including the more common locations, of those discharges.
“(I) establishing standardized forms for the receipt of those wastes;
“(II) requiring those receipts to be sent electronically to the Administrator and Commandant and maintained in an onboard record book; and
“(III) requiring those receipts to be signed and dated by the owner, operator, master, or other person in charge of the discharging vessel and the authorized representative of the receiving facility.
“(v) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Administrator, in consultation with the Commandant, shall promulgate regulations that, at a minimum, implement the sampling, monitoring, and reporting protocols required by this subparagraph.
“(i) regular announced and unannounced inspections be conducted of any relevant aspect of cruise vessel operations, equipment, or discharges, including sampling and testing of cruise vessel discharges;
“(ii) each cruise vessel that calls on a port of the United States be subject to an unannounced inspection at least once per year; and
“(iii) inspections be carried out by the Environmental Protection Agency or the Coast Guard.
“(i) occur outside the Coast Guard matrix system for setting boarding priorities;
“(ii) be consistent across Coast Guard districts; and
“(iii) be conducted by specially-trained environmental inspectors.
“(i) designate responsibility for conducting inspections;
“(ii) require the owner, operator, master, or other person in charge of a cruise vessel to maintain and submit a logbook detailing the times, types, volumes, flow rates, origins, and specific locations of, and explanations for, any discharges from the cruise vessel not otherwise required by the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 (done at London on November 2, 1973; entered into force on October 2, 1983), as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 (done at London, February 17, 1978);
“(I) cruise vessel environmental compliance records and procedures; and
“(II) the functionality, sufficiency, redundancy, and proper operation and maintenance of installed equipment for abatement and control of any cruise vessel discharge (including equipment intended to treat sewage, graywater, or bilge water);
“(I) all crew members are informed of, in the native language of the crew members, and understand, the pollution control obligations under this subsection, including regulations promulgated under this subsection; and
“(aa) to effectively operate shipboard pollution control systems;
“(bb) to conduct all necessary sampling and testing; and
“(cc) to monitor and comply with recording requirements;
“(v) require that operating manuals be on the cruise vessel and accessible to all crew members;
“(vi) require the posting of the phone number for a toll-free whistleblower hotline on all ships and at all ports using language likely to be understood by international crews;
“(vii) require any owner, operator, master, or other person in charge of a cruise vessel, who has knowledge of a discharge from the cruise vessel in violation of this subsection, including regulations promulgated under this subsection, to report immediately the discharge to the Administrator and the Commandant;
“(viii) require the owner, operator, master, or other person in charge of a cruise vessel to provide, not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection, to the Administrator, Commandant, and on-board observers (including designated representatives), a copy of cruise vessel plans, including—
“(I) piping schematic diagrams;
“(II) construction drawings; and
“(III) drawings or diagrams of storage systems, processing, treating, intake, or discharge systems, and any modifications of those systems (within the year during which the modifications are made); and
“(ix) inhibit illegal discharges by prohibiting all means of altering piping, tankage, pumps, valves, and processes to bypass or circumvent measures or equipment designed to monitor, sample, or prevent discharges.
“(D) DISCLOSURE OF LOGBOOKS.—The logbook described in subparagraph (C)(ii) shall be submitted to the Administrator and the Commandant.
“(A) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Commandant, in consultation with the Administrator, shall establish and carry out a program for the hiring and placement of 1 or more trained, independent, observers on each cruise vessel.
“(i) this subsection (including regulations promulgated under this subsection); and
“(ii) all other relevant Federal and State laws and international agreements.
“(C) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Commandant, in consultation with the Administrator and the Attorney General, shall promulgate regulations that, at a minimum—
“(i) specify that the Coast Guard shall be responsible for the hiring of observers;
“(ii) specify the qualifications, experience, and duties of the observers;
“(iii) specify methods and criteria for Coast Guard hiring of observers;
“(iv) establish the means for ensuring constant observer coverage and allowing for observer relief and rotation; and
“(v) establish an appropriate rate of pay to ensure that observers are highly trained and retained by the Coast Guard.
“(I) onboard liquid and solid handling and processing systems;
“(II) onboard environmental treatment systems;
“(III) use of shore-based treatment and storage facilities;
“(IV) discharges and discharge practices; and
“(aa) sounding boards, logs, and logbooks;
“(bb) daily and corporate maintenance and engineers’ logbooks;
“(cc) fuel, sludge, slop, waste, and ballast tank capacity tables;
“(dd) installation, maintenance, and operation records for oily water separators, incinerators, and boilers;
“(ee) piping diagrams;
“(ff) e-mail archives;
“(gg) receipts for the transfer of materials, including waste disposal;
“(hh) air emissions data; and
“(ii) electronic and other records of relevant information, including fuel consumption, maintenance, and spares ordering for all waste processing- and pollution-related equipment;
“(ii) have the authority to interview and otherwise query any crew member with knowledge of cruise vessel operations;
“(iii) have access to all data and information made available to government officials under this subsection;
“(I) the owner, operator, master, or other person in charge of a cruise vessel;
“(II) the Commandant; and
“(III) the Administrator;
“(v) maintain inspection records to be submitted to the Commandant and the Administrator on a semiannual basis; and
“(vi) have authority to conduct the full range of duties of the observers within the United States territorial seas, contiguous zone, and exclusive economic zone.
“(I) the ability to achieve program goals;
“(II) cruise vessel personnel cooperation;
“(III) necessary equipment and analytical resources; and
“(IV) the need for additional observer training; and
“(ii) a process for adopting periodic revisions to the program based on the data collected under clause (i).
“(F) OBSERVER SUPPORT.—Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Commandant, in consultation with the Administrator, shall implement a program to provide support to observers, including, at a minimum—
“(i) training for observers to ensure the ability of the observers to carry out this paragraph;
“(ii) necessary equipment and analytical resources, such as laboratories, to carry out the responsibilities established under this subsection; and
“(iii) support relating to the administration of the program and the response to any recalcitrant cruise vessel personnel.
“(G) REPORT.—Not later than 3 years after the date of establishment of the program under this paragraph, the Commandant, in consultation with the Administrator, shall submit to Congress a report describing—
“(i) the results of the program in terms of observer effectiveness, optimal coverage, environmental benefits, and cruise ship cooperation;
“(ii) recommendations for increased effectiveness, including increased training needs and increased equipment needs; and
“(iii) other recommendations for improvement of the program.
“(i) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator or a court of competent jurisdiction, as the case may be, may order payment, from a civil penalty or criminal fine collected for a violation of this subsection, of an amount not to exceed ½ of the amount of the civil penalty or criminal fine, to any individual who furnishes information that leads to the payment of the civil penalty or criminal fine.
“(ii) MULTIPLE INDIVIDUALS.—If 2 or more individuals provide information described in clause (i), the amount available for payment as a reward shall be divided equitably among the individuals.
“(iii) INELIGIBLE INDIVIDUALS.—No officer or employee of the United States, a State, or an Indian tribe who furnishes information or renders service in the performance of the official duties of the officer or employee shall be eligible for a reward payment under this paragraph.
“(B) PAYMENTS TO INDIAN TRIBES.—The Administrator or a court of competent jurisdiction, as the case may be, may order payment, from a civil penalty or criminal fine collected for a violation of this subsection, to an Indian tribe providing information or investigative assistance that leads to payment of the penalty or fine, of an amount that reflects the level of information or investigative assistance provided.
“(C) PAYMENTS DIVIDED AMONG INDIAN TRIBES AND INDIVIDUALS.—In a case in which an Indian tribe and an individual under subparagraph (A) are eligible to receive a reward payment under this paragraph, the Administrator or the court shall divide the amount available for the reward equitably among those recipients.
“(A) shall be liable in rem for any civil penalty or criminal fine imposed for the violation; and
“(B) may be subject to a proceeding instituted in any United States district court of competent jurisdiction.
“(8) PERMIT REQUIREMENT.—A cruise vessel may operate in the waters of the United States, or visit a port or place under the jurisdiction of the United States, only if the cruise vessel has been issued a permit under this section.
“(9) NONAPPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS.—Paragraphs (6)(A) and (12)(B) of section 502 shall not apply to any cruise vessel.
“(A) restricts the rights of any person (or class of persons) to regulate or seek enforcement or other relief (including relief against the Administrator or Commandant) under any statute or common law;
“(B) affects the right of any person (or class of persons) to regulate or seek enforcement or other relief with regard to vessels other than cruise vessels under any statute or common law; or
“(C) affects the right of any person (or class of persons) under any statute or common law, including this Act, to regulate or seek enforcement or other relief with regard to pollutants or emission streams from cruise vessels that are not otherwise regulated under this subsection.
“(i) ESTABLISHMENT.—There is established in the general fund of the Treasury a separate account, to be known as the ‘Cruise Vessel Pollution Control Fund’ (referred to in this paragraph as the ‘Fund’).
“(ii) AMOUNTS.—The Fund shall consist of such amounts as are deposited in the Fund under subparagraph (B)(vi).
“(I) available to the Administrator and the Commandant as provided in appropriations Acts; and
“(II) used by the Administrator and the Commandant only for purposes of carrying out this subsection.
“(i) IN GENERAL.—The Commandant and the Administrator shall establish and collect from each cruise vessel a reasonable and appropriate fee for each paying passenger on a cruise vessel voyage, for use in carrying out this subsection.
“(I) IN GENERAL.—The Commandant and the Administrator shall biennially adjust the amount of the fee established under clause (i) to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers published by the Department of Labor during the most recent 2-year period for which data are available.
“(II) ROUNDING.—The Commandant and the Administrator may round an adjustment under subclause (I) to the nearest 1⁄10 of a dollar.
“(I) IN GENERAL.—In establishing fees under clause (i), the Commandant and Administrator may establish lower levels of fees and the maximum amount of fees for certain classes of cruise vessels based on—
“(bb) economic share; and
“(cc) such other factors as are determined to be appropriate by the Commandant and the Administrator.
“(I) cruise vessel routes;
“(II) the frequency of stops at ports of call by cruise vessels; and
“(III) other applicable considerations.
“(v) COLLECTION OF FEES.—A fee established under clause (i) shall be collected by the Administrator or the Commandant from the owner or operator of each cruise vessel to which this subsection applies.
“(vi) DEPOSITS TO FUND.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all fees collected under this paragraph, and all penalties and payments collected for violations of this subsection, shall be deposited in the Fund.
“(12) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator and the Commandant such sums as are necessary to carry out this subsection for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2014.”.