Text: S.3729 — 111th Congress (2009-2010)All Bill Information (Except Text)

10/11/2010 Became Public Law No: 111-267

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[Congressional Bills 111th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S. 3729 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        S.3729

                      One Hundred Eleventh Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
             the fifth day of January, two thousand and ten


                                 An Act


 
    To authorize the programs of the National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration for fiscal years 2011 through 2013, and for other 
                                purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SEC. 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2010''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings.
Sec. 3. Definitions.

                TITLE I--AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

Sec. 101. Fiscal year 2011.
Sec. 102. Fiscal year 2012.
Sec. 103. Fiscal year 2013.

   TITLE II--POLICY, GOALS, AND OBJECTIVES FOR HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT AND 
                               EXPLORATION

Sec. 201. United States human space flight policy.
Sec. 202. Goals and objectives.
Sec. 203. Assurance of core capabilities.
Sec. 204. Independent study on human exploration of space.

  TITLE III--EXPANSION OF HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT BEYOND THE INTERNATIONAL 
                    SPACE STATION AND LOW-EARTH ORBIT

Sec. 301. Human space flight beyond low-Earth orbit.
Sec. 302. Space Launch System as follow-on launch vehicle to the Space 
          Shuttle.
Sec. 303. Multi-purpose crew vehicle.
Sec. 304. Utilization of existing workforce and assets in development of 
          Space Launch System and multi-purpose crew vehicle.
Sec. 305. NASA launch support and infrastructure modernization program.
Sec. 306. Report on effects of transition to Space Launch System on the 
          solid and liquid rocket motor industrial bases.
Sec. 307. Sense of Congress on other technology and robotic elements in 
          human space flight and exploration.
Sec. 308. Development of technologies and in-space capabilities for 
          beyond near-Earth space missions.
Sec. 309. Report requirement.

       TITLE IV--DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF COMMERCIAL CREW AND CARGO 
                       TRANSPORTATION CAPABILITIES

Sec. 401. Commercial Cargo Development program.
Sec. 402. Commercial Crew Development program.
Sec. 403. Requirements applicable to development of commercial crew 
          transportation capabilities and services.
Sec. 404. Report on International Space Station cargo return capability.

TITLE V--CONTINUATION, SUPPORT, AND EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE 
                                 STATION

Sec. 501. Continuation of the International Space Station through 2020.
Sec. 502. Maximum utilization of the International Space Station.
Sec. 503. Maintenance of the United States segment and assurance of 
          continued operations of the International Space Station.
Sec. 504. Management of the ISS national laboratory.

            TITLE VI--SPACE SHUTTLE RETIREMENT AND TRANSITION

Sec. 601. Sense of Congress on the Space Shuttle program.
Sec. 602. Retirement of Space Shuttle orbiters and transition of Space 
          Shuttle program.
Sec. 603. Disposition of orbiter vehicles.

                        TITLE VII--EARTH SCIENCE

Sec. 701. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 702. Interagency collaboration implementation approach.
Sec. 703. Transitioning experimental research to operations.
Sec. 704. Decadal survey missions implementation for Earth observation.
Sec. 705. Expansion of Earth science applications.
Sec. 706. Instrument test-beds and venture class missions.
Sec. 707. Sense of Congress on NPOESS follow-on program.

                        TITLE VIII--SPACE SCIENCE

Sec. 801. Technology development.
Sec. 802. Suborbital research activities.
Sec. 803. Overall science portfolio-sense of the Congress.
Sec. 804. In-space servicing.
Sec. 805. Decadal results.
Sec. 806. On-going restoration of radioisotope thermoelectric generator 
          material production.
Sec. 807. Collaboration with ESMD and SOMD on robotic missions.
Sec. 808. Near-Earth object survey and policy with respect to threats 
          posed.
Sec. 809. Space weather.

               TITLE IX--AERONAUTICS AND SPACE TECHNOLOGY

Sec. 901. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 902. Aeronautics research goals.
Sec. 903. Research collaboration.
Sec. 904. Goal for agency space technology.
Sec. 905. Implementation plan for agency space technology.
Sec. 906. National space technology policy.
Sec. 907. Commercial reusable suborbital research program.

                           TITLE X--EDUCATION

Sec. 1001. Report on education implementation outcomes.
Sec. 1002. Sense of Congress on the Experimental Program to Stimulate 
          Competitive Research.
Sec. 1003. Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics commercial 
          orbital platform program.

     TITLE XI--RESCOPING AND REVITALIZING INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITIES

Sec. 1101. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1102. Institutional requirements study.
Sec. 1103. NASA capabilities study requirement.
Sec. 1104. Sense of Congress on community transition support.
Sec. 1105. Workforce stabilization and critical skills preservation.

                        TITLE XII--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 1201. Report on space traffic management.
Sec. 1202. National and international orbital debris mitigation.
Sec. 1203. Reports on program and cost assessment and control 
          assessment.
Sec. 1204. Eligibility for service of individual currently serving as 
          Administrator of NASA.
Sec. 1205. Sense of Congress on independent verification and validation 
          of NASA software.
Sec. 1206. Counterfeit parts.
Sec. 1207. Information security.
Sec. 1208. National Center for Human Performance.
Sec. 1209. Enhanced-use Leasing.
Sec. 1210. Sense of Congress concerning the Stennis Space Center.

     TITLE XIII--COMPLIANCE WITH STATUTORY PAY-AS-YOU-GO ACT OF 2010

Sec. 1301. Compliance provision.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The United States human space flight program has, since the 
    first Mercury flight on May 5, 1961, been a source of pride and 
    inspiration for the Nation.
        (2) The establishment of and commitment to human exploration 
    goals is essential for providing the necessary long term focus and 
    programmatic consistency and robustness of the United States 
    civilian space program.
        (3) The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is and 
    should remain a multi-mission agency with a balanced and robust set 
    of core missions in science, aeronautics, and human space flight 
    and exploration.
        (4) In the 50 years since the establishment of NASA, the arena 
    of space has evolved substantially. As the uses and users of space 
    continue to expand, the issues and operations in the regions 
    closest to Earth have become increasingly complex, with a growing 
    number of overlaps between civil, commercial and national security 
    activities. These developments present opportunities and challenges 
    to the space activities of NASA and the United States.
        (5) The extraordinary challenges of achieving access to space 
    both motivated and accelerated the development of technologies and 
    industrial capabilities that have had widespread applications which 
    have contributed to the technological excellence of the United 
    States. It is essential to tie space activity to human challenges 
    ranging from enhancing the influence, relationships, security, 
    economic development, and commerce of the United States to 
    improving the overall human condition.
        (6) It is essential to the economic well-being of the United 
    States that the aerospace industrial capacity, highly skilled 
    workforce, and embedded expertise remain engaged in demanding, 
    challenging, and exciting efforts that ensure United States 
    leadership in space exploration and related activities.
        (7) Crewmembers provide the essential component to ensure the 
    return on investment from and the growth and safe operation of the 
    ISS. The Russian Soyuz vehicle has allowed continued human presence 
    on the ISS for United States crewmembers with its ability to serve 
    as both a routine and backup capability for crew delivery, rescue, 
    and return. With the impending retirement of the Space Shuttle, the 
    United States will find itself with no national crew delivery and 
    return system. Without any other system, the United States and all 
    the ISS partners will have no redundant system for human access to 
    and from the ISS. It is therefore essential that a United States 
    capability be developed as soon as possible.
        (8) Existing and emerging United States commercial launch 
    capabilities and emerging launch capabilities offer the potential 
    for providing crew support assets. New capabilities for human crew 
    access to the ISS should be developed in a manner that ensures ISS 
    mission assurance and safety. Commercial services offer the 
    potential to broaden the availability and access to space at lower 
    costs.
        (9) While commercial transportation systems have the promise to 
    contribute valuable services, it is in the United States national 
    interest to maintain a government operated space transportation 
    system for crew and cargo delivery to space.
        (10) Congress restates its commitment, expressed in the 
    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 
    2005 (Public Law 109-155) and the National Aeronautics and Space 
    Administration Authorization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-422), to 
    the development of commercially developed launch and delivery 
    systems to the ISS for crew and cargo missions. Congress reaffirms 
    that NASA shall make use of United States commercially provided ISS 
    crew transfer and crew rescue services to the maximum extent 
    practicable.
        (11) It is critical to identify an appropriate combination of 
    NASA and related United States Government programs, while providing 
    a framework that allows partnering, leveraging and stimulation of 
    the existing and emerging commercial and international efforts in 
    both near Earth space and the regions beyond.
        (12) The designation of the United States segment of the ISS as 
    a National Laboratory, as provided by the National Aeronautics and 
    Space Administration Authorization Act of 2005 and the National 
    Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2008, 
    provides an opportunity for multiple United States Government 
    agencies, university-based researchers, research organizations, and 
    others to utilize the unique environment of microgravity for 
    fundamental scientific research and potential economic development.
        (13) For some potential replacement elements necessary for ISS 
    sustainability, the Space Shuttle may represent the only vehicle, 
    existing or planned, capable of carrying those elements to the ISS 
    in the near term. Additional or alternative transportation 
    capabilities must be identified as contingency delivery options, 
    and accompanied by an independent analysis of projected 
    availability of such capabilities.
        (14) The United States must develop, as rapidly as possible, 
    replacement vehicles capable of providing both human and cargo 
    launch capability to low-Earth orbit and to destinations beyond 
    low-Earth orbit.
        (15) There is a need for national space and export control 
    policies that protect the national security of the United States 
    while also enabling the United States and its aerospace industry to 
    undertake cooperative programs in science and human space flight in 
    an effective and efficient manner and to compete effectively in the 
    global market place.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
        (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
    Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
        (2) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term ``appropriate 
    committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Science of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (3) Cis-lunar space.--The term ``cis-lunar space'' means the 
    region of space from the Earth out to and including the region 
    around the surface of the Moon.
        (4) Deep space.--The term ``deep space'' means the region of 
    space beyond cis-lunar space.
        (5) ISS.--The term ``ISS'' means the International Space 
    Station.
        (6) NASA.--The term ``NASA'' means the National Aeronautics and 
    Space Administration.
        (7) Near-earth space.--The term ``near-Earth space'' means the 
    region of space that includes low-Earth orbit and extends out to 
    and includes geo-synchronous orbit.
        (8) NOAA.--The term ``NOAA'' means the National Oceanic and 
    Atmospheric Administration.
        (9) OSTP.--The term ``OSTP'' means the Office of Science and 
    Technology Policy.
        (10) Space launch system.--The term ``Space Launch System'' 
    means the follow-on government-owned civil launch system developed, 
    managed, and operated by NASA to serve as a key component to expand 
    human presence beyond low-Earth orbit.

                TITLE I--AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

SEC. 101. FISCAL YEAR 2011.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to NASA for fiscal year 
2011, $19,000,000,000, as follows:
        (1) For Exploration, $3,868,000,000, of which--
            (A) $1,120,000,000 shall be for a multi-purpose crew 
        vehicle, and associated program and other necessary support;
            (B) $1,631,000,000 shall be for Space Launch System and 
        associated program and other necessary support;
            (C) $250,000,000 shall be for Exploration Technology 
        Development;
            (D) $155,000,000 shall be for Human Research;
            (E) $300,000,000 shall be for Commercial Cargo;
            (F) $312,000,000 shall be for Commercial Crew Development 
        activities and studies related to commercial crew services; and
            (G) $100,000,000 shall be for Robotic Precursor Studies and 
        Instruments.
        (2) For Space Operations, $5,508,500,000, of which--
            (A) $2,779,800,000 shall be for the ISS program;
            (B) $1,609,700,000 shall be for Space Shuttle, to support 
        Space Shuttle flight operations and related activities; and
            (C) $1,119,000,000 for Space and Flight Services, of which 
        $428,600,000 shall be directed toward NASA launch support and 
        infrastructure modernization program.
        (3) For Science, $5,005,600,000, of which--
            (A) $1,801,800,000 shall be for Earth Sciences;
            (B) $1,485,700,000 shall be for Planetary Science;
            (C) $1,076,300,000 shall be for Astrophysics; and
            (D) $641,900,000 shall be for Heliophysics.
        (4) For Aeronautics, $929,600,000, of which--
            (A) $579,600,000 shall be for Aeronautics Research; and
            (B) $350,000,000 shall be for Space Technology.
        (5) For Education, $145,800,000, of which--
            (A) $25,000,000 shall be for the Experimental Program to 
        Stimulate Competitive Research; and
            (B) $45,600,000 shall be for the Space Grant program.
        (6) For Cross-Agency Support Programs, $3,111,400,000.
        (7) For Construction and Environmental Compliance and 
    Restoration, $394,300,000.
        (8) For Inspector General, $37,000,000.

SEC. 102. FISCAL YEAR 2012.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to NASA for fiscal year 
2012, $19,450,000,000, as follows:
        (1) For Exploration, $5,252,300,000, of which--
            (A) $1,400,000,000 shall be for a multi-purpose crew 
        vehicle and associated program and other necessary support;
            (B) $2,650,000,000 shall be for Space Launch System and 
        associated program and other necessary support;
            (C) $437,300,000 shall be for Exploration Technology 
        Development;
            (D) $165,000,000 shall be for Human Research;
            (E) $500,000,000 shall be for commercial crew capabilities; 
        and
            (F) $100,000,000 shall be for Robotic Precursor Instruments 
        and Low-Cost Missions.
        (2) For Space Operations, $4,141,500,000, of which--
            (A) $2,952,250,000 shall be for the ISS operations and 
        crew/cargo support; and
            (B) $1,189,250,000 shall be for Space and Flight Services, 
        of which $500,000,000 shall be directed toward the NASA launch 
        support and infrastructure modernization program.
        (3) For Science, $5,248,600,000, of which--
            (A) $1,944,500,000 shall be for Earth Sciences;
            (B) $1,547,200,000 shall be for Planetary Science;
            (C) $1,109,300,000 shall be for Astrophysics; and
            (D) $647,600,000 shall be for Heliophysics.
        (4) For Aeronautics, $1,070,600,000, of which--
            (A) $584,700,000 shall be for Aeronautics Research; and
            (B) $486,000,000 shall be for Space Technology.
        (5) For Education, $145,800,000, of which--
            (A) $25,000,000 shall be for the Experimental Program to 
        Stimulate Competitive Research; and
            (B) $45,600,000 shall be for the Space Grant program.
        (6) For Cross-Agency Support Programs, $3,189,600,000.
        (7) For Construction and Environmental Compliance and 
    Restoration, $363,800,000.
        (8) For Inspector General, $37,800,000.

SEC. 103. FISCAL YEAR 2013.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to NASA for fiscal year 
2013, $19,960,000,000, as follows:
        (1) For Exploration, $5,264,000,000, of which--
            (A) $1,400,000,000 shall be for a multi-purpose crew 
        vehicle and associated program and other necessary support;
            (B) $2,640,000,000 shall be for Space Launch System and 
        associated program and other necessary support;
            (C) $449,000,000 shall be for Exploration Technology 
        Development;
            (D) $175,000,000 shall be for Human Research;
            (E) $500,000,000 shall be for commercial crew capabilities; 
        and
            (F) $100,000,000 shall be for Robotic Precursor Instruments 
        and Low-Cost Missions.
        (2) For Space Operations, $4,253,300,000, of which--
            (A) $3,129,400,000 shall be for the ISS operations and 
        crew/cargo support; and
            (B) $1,123,900,000 shall be for Space and Flight Services, 
        of which $400,000,000 shall be directed toward the NASA launch 
        support and infrastructure modernization program.
        (3) For Science, $5,509,600,000, of which--
            (A) $2,089,500,000 shall be for Earth Sciences;
            (B) $1,591,200,000 shall be for Planetary Science;
            (C) $1,149,100,000 shall be for Astrophysics; and
            (D) $679,800,000 shall be for Heliophysics.
        (4) For Aeronautics, $1,105,000,000, of which--
            (A) $590,000,000 shall be for Aeronautics Research; and
            (B) $515,000,000 shall be for Space Technology.
        (5) For Education, $145,700,000, of which--
            (A) $25,000,000 shall be for the Experimental Program to 
        Stimulate Competitive Research; and
            (B) $45,600,000 shall be for the Space Grant program.
        (6) For Cross-Agency Support Programs, $3,276,800,000.
        (7) For Construction and Environmental Compliance and 
    Restoration, $366,900,000.
        (8) For Inspector General, $38,700,000.

  TITLE II--POLICY, GOALS, AND OBJECTIVES FOR HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT AND 
                              EXPLORATION

SEC. 201. UNITED STATES HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT POLICY.

    (a) Use of Non-United States Human Space Flight Transportation 
Capabilities.--It is the policy of the United States that reliance upon 
and use of non-United States human space flight capabilities shall be 
undertaken only as a contingency in circumstances where no United 
States-owned and operated human space flight capability is available, 
operational, and certified for flight by appropriate Federal agencies.
    (b) United States Human Space Flight Capabilities.--Congress 
reaffirms the policy stated in section 501(a) of the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2005 (42 
U.S.C. 16761(a)), that the United States shall maintain an 
uninterrupted capability for human space flight and operations in low-
Earth orbit, and beyond, as an essential instrument of national 
security and of the capacity to ensure continued United States 
participation and leadership in the exploration and utilization of 
space.

SEC. 202. GOALS AND OBJECTIVES.

    (a) Long Term Goal.--The long term goal of the human space flight 
and exploration efforts of NASA shall be to expand permanent human 
presence beyond low-Earth orbit and to do so, where practical, in a 
manner involving international partners.
    (b) Key Objectives.--The key objectives of the United States for 
human expansion into space shall be--
        (1) to sustain the capability for long-duration presence in 
    low-Earth orbit, initially through continuation of the ISS and full 
    utilization of the United States segment of the ISS as a National 
    Laboratory, and through assisting and enabling an expanded 
    commercial presence in, and access to, low-Earth orbit, as elements 
    of a low-Earth orbit infrastructure;
        (2) to determine if humans can live in an extended manner in 
    space with decreasing reliance on Earth, starting with utilization 
    of low-Earth orbit infrastructure, to identify potential roles that 
    space resources such as energy and materials may play, to meet 
    national and global needs and challenges, such as potential 
    cataclysmic threats, and to explore the viability of and lay the 
    foundation for sustainable economic activities in space;
        (3) to maximize the role that human exploration of space can 
    play in advancing overall knowledge of the universe, supporting 
    United States national and economic security and the United States 
    global competitive posture, and inspiring young people in their 
    educational pursuits; and
        (4) to build upon the cooperative and mutually beneficial 
    framework established by the ISS partnership agreements and 
    experience in developing and undertaking programs and meeting 
    objectives designed to realize the goal of human space flight set 
    forth in subsection (a).

SEC. 203. ASSURANCE OF CORE CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the ISS, technology developments, the current Space Shuttle 
    program, and follow-on transportation systems authorized by this 
    Act form the foundation of initial capabilities for missions beyond 
    low-Earth orbit to a variety of lunar and Lagrangian orbital 
    locations; and
        (2) these initial missions and related capabilities should be 
    utilized to provide operational experience, technology development, 
    and the placement and assured use of in-space infrastructure and 
    in-space servicing of existing and future assets.
    (b) Space Shuttle Capability Assurance.--
        (1) Development of follow-on space transportation systems.--The 
    Administrator shall proceed with the development of follow-on space 
    transportation systems in a manner that ensures that the national 
    capability to restart and fly Space Shuttle missions can be 
    initiated if required by the Congress, in an Act enacted after the 
    date of enactment of this Act, or by a Presidential determination 
    transmitted to the Congress, before the last Space Shuttle mission 
    authorized by this Act is completed.
        (2) Required actions.--In carrying out the requirement in 
    paragraph (1), the Administrator shall authorize refurbishment of 
    the manufactured external tank of the Space Shuttle, designated as 
    ET-94, and take all actions necessary to enable its readiness for 
    use in the Space Launch System development as a critical skills and 
    capability retention effort or for test purposes, while preserving 
    the ability to use this tank if needed for an ISS contingency if 
    deemed necessary under paragraph (1).

SEC. 204. INDEPENDENT STUDY ON HUMAN EXPLORATION OF SPACE.

    (a) In General.--In fiscal year 2012 the Administrator shall 
contract with the National Academies for a review of the goals, core 
capabilities, and direction of human space flight, using the goals set 
forth in the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2005, and the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 
2008, the goals set forth in this Act, and goals set forth in any 
existing statement of space policy issued by the President.
    (b) Elements.--The review shall include--
        (1) a broad spectrum of participation with representatives of a 
    range of disciplines, backgrounds, and generations, including 
    civil, commercial, international, scientific, and national security 
    interests;
        (2) input from NASA's international partner discussions and 
    NASA's Human Exploration Framework Team;
        (3) an examination of the relationship of national goals to 
    foundational capabilities, robotic activities, technologies, and 
    missions authorized by this Act;
        (4) a review and prioritization of scientific, engineering, 
    economic, and social science questions to be addressed by human 
    space exploration to improve the overall human condition; and
        (5) findings and recommendations for fiscal years 2014 through 
    2023.

  TITLE III--EXPANSION OF HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT BEYOND THE INTERNATIONAL 
                   SPACE STATION AND LOW-EARTH ORBIT

SEC. 301. HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT BEYOND LOW-EARTH ORBIT.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The extension of the human presence from low-Earth orbit to 
    other regions of space beyond low-Earth orbit will enable missions 
    to the surface of the Moon and missions to deep space destinations 
    such as near-Earth asteroids and Mars.
        (2) The regions of cis-lunar space are accessible to other 
    national and commercial launch capabilities, and such access raises 
    a host of national security concerns and economic implications that 
    international human space endeavors can help to address.
        (3) The ability to support human missions in regions beyond 
    low-Earth orbit and on the surface of the Moon can also drive 
    developments in emerging areas of space infrastructure and 
    technology.
        (4) Developments in space infrastructure and technology can 
    stimulate and enable increased space applications, such as in-space 
    servicing, propellant resupply and transfer, and in situ resource 
    utilization, and open opportunities for additional users of space, 
    whether national, commercial, or international.
        (5) A long term objective for human exploration of space should 
    be the eventual international exploration of Mars.
        (6) Future international missions beyond low-Earth orbit should 
    be designed to incorporate capability development and availability, 
    affordability, and international contributions.
        (7) Human space flight and future exploration beyond low-Earth 
    orbit should be based around a pay-as-you-go approach. Requirements 
    in new launch and crew systems authorized in this Act should be 
    scaled to the minimum necessary to meet the core national mission 
    capability needed to conduct cis-lunar missions. These initial 
    missions, along with the development of new technologies and in-
    space capabilities can form the foundation for missions to other 
    destinations. These initial missions also should provide 
    operational experience prior to the further human expansion into 
    space.
    (b) Report on International Collaboration.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress a report on the following assets 
    and capabilities:
            (A) Any effort by NASA to expand and ensure effective 
        international collaboration on the ISS.
            (B) The efforts of NASA, including its approach and 
        progress, in defining near-term, cis-lunar space human 
        missions.
        (2) NASA contributions.--In preparing the report required by 
    paragraph (1), the Administrator shall assume that NASA will 
    contribute to the efforts described in that paragraph the 
    following:
            (A) A Space Launch System.
            (B) A multi-purpose crew vehicle.
            (C) Such other technology elements the Administrator may 
        consider appropriate, and which the Administrator shall 
        specifically identify in the report.

SEC. 302. SPACE LAUNCH SYSTEM AS FOLLOW-ON LAUNCH VEHICLE TO THE SPACE 
              SHUTTLE.

    (a) United States Policy.--It is the policy of the United States 
that NASA develop a Space Launch System as a follow-on to the Space 
Shuttle that can access cis-lunar space and the regions of space beyond 
low-Earth orbit in order to enable the United States to participate in 
global efforts to access and develop this increasingly strategic 
region.
    (b) Initiation of Development.--
        (1) In general.--The Administrator shall, as soon as 
    practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act, initiate 
    development of a Space Launch System meeting the minimum 
    capabilities requirements specified in subsection (c).
        (2) Modification of current contracts.--In order to limit 
    NASA's termination liability costs and support critical 
    capabilities, the Administrator shall, to the extent practicable, 
    extend or modify existing vehicle development and associated 
    contracts necessary to meet the requirements in paragraph (1), 
    including contracts for ground testing of solid rocket motors, if 
    necessary, to ensure their availability for development of the 
    Space Launch System.
    (c) Minimum Capability Requirements.--
        (1) In general.--The Space Launch System developed pursuant to 
    subsection (b) shall be designed to have, at a minimum, the 
    following:
            (A) The initial capability of the core elements, without an 
        upper stage, of lifting payloads weighing between 70 tons and 
        100 tons into low-Earth orbit in preparation for transit for 
        missions beyond low-Earth orbit.
            (B) The capability to carry an integrated upper Earth 
        departure stage bringing the total lift capability of the Space 
        Launch System to 130 tons or more.
            (C) The capability to lift the multipurpose crew vehicle.
            (D) The capability to serve as a backup system for 
        supplying and supporting ISS cargo requirements or crew 
        delivery requirements not otherwise met by available commercial 
        or partner-supplied vehicles.
        (2) Flexibility.--The Space Launch System shall be designed 
    from inception as a fully-integrated vehicle capable of carrying a 
    total payload of 130 tons or more into low-Earth orbit in 
    preparation for transit for missions beyond low-Earth orbit. The 
    Space Launch System shall, to the extent practicable, incorporate 
    capabilities for evolutionary growth to carry heavier payloads. 
    Developmental work and testing of the core elements and the upper 
    stage should proceed in parallel subject to appropriations. 
    Priority should be placed on the core elements with the goal for 
    operational capability for the core elements not later than 
    December 31, 2016.
        (3) Transition needs.--The Administrator shall ensure critical 
    skills and capabilities are retained, modified, and developed, as 
    appropriate, in areas related to solid and liquid engines, large 
    diameter fuel tanks, rocket propulsion, and other ground test 
    capabilities for an effective transition to the follow-on Space 
    Launch System.
        (4) The capacity for efficient and timely evolution, including 
    the incorporation of new technologies, competition of sub-elements, 
    and commercial operations.

SEC. 303. MULTI-PURPOSE CREW VEHICLE.

    (a) Initiation of Development.--
        (1) In general.--The Administrator shall continue the 
    development of a multi-purpose crew vehicle to be available as soon 
    as practicable, and no later than for use with the Space Launch 
    System. The vehicle shall continue to advance development of the 
    human safety features, designs, and systems in the Orion project.
        (2) Goal for operational capability.--It shall be the goal to 
    achieve full operational capability for the transportation vehicle 
    developed pursuant to this subsection by not later than December 
    31, 2016. For purposes of meeting such goal, the Administrator may 
    undertake a test of the transportation vehicle at the ISS before 
    that date.
    (b) Minimum Capability Requirements.--The multi-purpose crew 
vehicle developed pursuant to subsection (a) shall be designed to have, 
at a minimum, the following:
        (1) The capability to serve as the primary crew vehicle for 
    missions beyond low-Earth orbit.
        (2) The capability to conduct regular in-space operations, such 
    as rendezvous, docking, and extra-vehicular activities, in 
    conjunction with payloads delivered by the Space Launch System 
    developed pursuant to section 302, or other vehicles, in 
    preparation for missions beyond low-Earth orbit or servicing of 
    assets described in section 804, or other assets in cis-lunar 
    space.
        (3) The capability to provide an alternative means of delivery 
    of crew and cargo to the ISS, in the event other vehicles, whether 
    commercial vehicles or partner-supplied vehicles, are unable to 
    perform that function.
        (4) The capacity for efficient and timely evolution, including 
    the incorporation of new technologies, competition of sub-elements, 
    and commercial operations.

SEC. 304. UTILIZATION OF EXISTING WORKFORCE AND ASSETS IN DEVELOPMENT 
              OF SPACE LAUNCH SYSTEM AND MULTI-PURPOSE CREW VEHICLE.

    (a) In General.--In developing the Space Launch System pursuant to 
section 302 and the multi-purpose crew vehicle pursuant to section 303, 
the Administrator shall, to the extent practicable utilize--
        (1) existing contracts, investments, workforce, industrial 
    base, and capabilities from the Space Shuttle and Orion and Ares 1 
    projects, including--
            (A) space-suit development activities for application to, 
        and coordinated development of, a multi-purpose crew vehicle 
        suit and associated life-support requirements with potential 
        development of standard NASA-certified suit and life support 
        systems for use in alternative commercially-developed crew 
        transportation systems; and
            (B) Space Shuttle-derived components and Ares 1 components 
        that use existing United States propulsion systems, including 
        liquid fuel engines, external tank or tank-related capability, 
        and solid rocket motor engines; and
        (2) associated testing facilities, either in being or under 
    construction as of the date of enactment of this Act.
    (b) Discharge of Requirements.--In meeting the requirements of 
subsection (a), the Administrator--
        (1) shall, to the extent practicable, utilize ground-based 
    manufacturing capability, ground testing activities, launch and 
    operations infrastructure, and workforce expertise;
        (2) shall, to the extent practicable, minimize the modification 
    and development of ground infrastructure and maximize the 
    utilization of existing software, vehicle, and mission operations 
    processes;
        (3) shall complete construction and activation of the A-3 test 
    stand with a completion goal of September 30, 2013;
        (4) may procure, develop, and flight test applicable 
    components; and
        (5) shall take appropriate actions to ensure timely and cost-
    effective development of the Space Launch System and the multi-
    purpose crew vehicle, including the use of a procurement approach 
    that incorporates adequate and effective oversight, the 
    facilitation of contractor efficiencies, and the stream-lining of 
    contract and procurement requirements.

SEC. 305. NASA LAUNCH SUPPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE MODERNIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall carry out a program the 
primary purpose of which is to prepare infrastructure at the Kennedy 
Space Center that is needed to enable processing and launch of the 
Space Launch System. Vehicle interfaces and other ground processing and 
payload integration areas should be simplified to minimize overall 
costs, enhance safety, and complement the purpose of this section.
    (b) Elements.--The program required by this section shall include--
        (1) investments to improve civil and national security 
    operations at the Kennedy Space Center, to enhance the overall 
    capabilities of the Center, and to reduce the long term cost of 
    operations and maintenance;
        (2) measures to provide multi-vehicle support, improvements in 
    payload processing, and partnering at the Kennedy Space Center; and
        (3) such other measures, including investments to improve 
    launch infrastructure at NASA flight facilities scheduled to launch 
    cargo to the ISS under the commercial orbital transportation 
    services program as the Administrator may consider appropriate.
    (c) Report on NASA Launch Support and Infrastructure Modernization 
Program.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress a report on the plan for the 
    implementation of the NASA launch support and infrastructure 
    modernization program.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by this subsection shall 
    include--
            (A) a description of the ground infrastructure plan tied to 
        the Space Launch System and potential ground investment 
        activities at other NASA centers related to supporting the 
        development of the Space Launch System;
            (B) a description of proposed initiatives intended to be 
        conducted jointly or in cooperation with Cape Canaveral Air 
        Force Station, Florida, or other installations or components of 
        the United States Government; and
            (C) a description of plans to use funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act to improve non-NASA facilities, which 
        plans shall include a business plan outlining the nature and 
        scope of investments planned by other parties.

SEC. 306. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF TRANSITION TO SPACE LAUNCH SYSTEM ON THE 
              SOLID AND LIQUID ROCKET MOTOR INDUSTRIAL BASES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
report setting forth an assessment, prepared by the Administrator, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
Commerce, of the effects of the retirement of the Space Shuttle, and of 
the transition to the Space Launch System developed pursuant to section 
302, on the solid rocket motor industrial base and the liquid rocket 
motor industrial base in the United States.
    (b) Matters To Be Addressed.--In preparing the assessment required 
by subsection (a), the Administrator shall address the following:
        (1) The effects of efficiencies and efforts to stream-line the 
    industrial bases referred to in subsection (a) for support of 
    civil, military, and commercial users.
        (2) The extent to which the United States is reliant on non-
    United States systems, including foreign rocket motors and foreign 
    launch vehicles.
        (3) Such other matters as the Administrator, in consultation 
    with the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Commerce, may 
    consider appropriate.

SEC. 307. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AND ROBOTIC ELEMENTS IN 
              HUMAN SPACE FLIGHT AND EXPLORATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that a balance is needed in human space 
flight between using and building upon existing capabilities and 
investing in and enabling new capabilities. Technology development 
provides the potential to develop an increased ability to operate and 
extend human presence in space, while at the same time enhance the 
nation's economic development and aid in addressing challenges here on 
Earth. Additionally, the establishment of in-space capabilities, use of 
space resources, and the ability to repair and reuse systems in space 
can contribute to the overall goals of extending human presence in 
space in an international manner, consistent with section 301(a).

SEC. 308. DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES AND IN-SPACE CAPABILITIES FOR 
              BEYOND NEAR-EARTH SPACE MISSIONS.

    (a) Development Authorized.--The Administrator may initiate 
activities to develop the following:
        (1) Technologies identified as necessary elements of missions 
    beyond low-Earth orbit.
        (2) In-space capabilities such as refueling and storage 
    technology, orbital transfer stages, innovative in-space propulsion 
    technology, communications, and data management that facilitate a 
    broad range of users (including military and commercial) and 
    applications defining the architecture and design of such missions.
        (3) Spacesuit development and associated life support 
    technology.
        (4) Flagship missions.
    (b) Investments.--In developing technologies and capabilities under 
subsection (a), the Administrator may make investments--
        (1) in space technologies such as advanced propulsion, 
    propellant depots, in situ resource utilization, and robotic 
    payloads or capabilities that enable human missions beyond low-
    Earth orbit ultimately leading to Mars;
        (2) in a space-based transfer vehicle including these 
    technologies with an ability to conduct space-based operations that 
    provide capabilities--
            (A) to integrate with the Space Launch System and other 
        space-based systems;
            (B) to provide opportunities for in-space servicing of and 
        delivery to multiple space-based platforms; and
            (C) to facilitate international efforts to expand human 
        presence to deep space destinations;
        (3) in advanced life support technologies and capabilities;
        (4) in technologies and capabilities relating to in-space 
    power, propulsion, and energy systems;
        (5) in technologies and capabilities relating to in-space 
    propellant transfer and storage;
        (6) in technologies and capabilities relating to in situ 
    resource utilization; and
        (7) in expanded research to understand the greatest biological 
    impediments to human deep space missions, especially the radiation 
    challenge.
    (c) Utilization of ISS as Testbed.--The Administrator may utilize 
the ISS as a testbed for any technology or capability developed under 
subsection (a) in a manner consistent with the provisions of this Act.
    (d) Coordination.--The Administrator shall coordinate development 
of technologies and capabilities under this section through an overall 
agency technology approach, as authorized by section 905 of this Act.

SEC. 309. REPORT REQUIREMENT.

    Within 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, or upon 
completion of reference designs for the Space Launch System and Multi-
purpose Crew Vehicle authorized by this Act, whichever occurs first, 
the Administrator shall provide a detailed report to the appropriate 
committees of Congress that provides an overall description of the 
reference vehicle design, the assumptions, description, data, and 
analysis of the systems trades and resolution process, justification of 
trade decisions, the design factors which implement the essential 
system and vehicle capability requirements established by this Act, the 
explanation and justification of any deviations from those 
requirements, the plan for utilization of existing contracts, civil 
service and contract workforce, supporting infrastructure utilization 
and modifications, and procurement strategy to expedite development 
activities through modification of existing contract vehicles, and the 
schedule of design and development milestones and related schedules 
leading to the accomplishment of operational goals established by this 
Act. The Administrator shall provide an update of this report as part 
of the President's annual Budget Request.

      TITLE IV--DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF COMMERCIAL CREW AND CARGO 
                      TRANSPORTATION CAPABILITIES

SEC. 401. COMMERCIAL CARGO DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    The Administrator shall continue to support the existing Commercial 
Orbital Transportation Services program, aimed at enabling the 
commercial space industry in support of NASA to develop reliable means 
of launching cargo and supplies to the ISS throughout the duration of 
the facility's operation. The Administrator may apply funds towards the 
reduction of risk to the timely start of these services, specifically--
        (1) efforts to conduct a flight test;
        (2) accelerate development; and
        (3) develop the ground infrastructure needed for commercial 
    cargo capability.

SEC. 402. COMMERCIAL CREW DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Continuation of Program During Fiscal Year 2011.--The 
Administrator shall continue, and may expand the number of participants 
and the activities of, the Commercial Crew Development (CCDEV) program 
in fiscal year 2011, subject to the provisions of this title.
    (b) Continuation of Activities and Agreements of Fiscal Year 
2010.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Administrator may continue 
or expand activities and agreements initiated in fiscal year 2010 that 
reduce risk, develop technologies, and lead to other advancements that 
will help determine the most effective and efficient means of advancing 
the development of commercial crew services.

SEC. 403. REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCIAL CREW 
              TRANSPORTATION CAPABILITIES AND SERVICES.

    (a) FY 2011 Contracts and Procurement Agreements.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
    Administrator may not execute a contract or procurement agreement 
    with respect to follow-on commercial crew services during fiscal 
    year 2011.
        (2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the 
    Administrator may execute a contract or procurement agreement with 
    respect to follow-on commercial crew services during fiscal year 
    2011 if--
            (A) the requirements of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of 
        subsection (b) are met; and
            (B) the total amount involved for all such contracts and 
        procurement agreements executed during fiscal year 2011 does 
        not exceed $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2011.
    (b) Support.--The Administrator may, beginning in fiscal year 2012 
through the duration of the program, support follow-on commercially-
developed crew transportation systems dependent upon the completion of 
each of the following:
        (1) Human rating requirements.--Not later than 60 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall 
    develop and make available to the public detailed human rating 
    processes and requirements to guide the design of commercially-
    developed crew transportation capabilities, which requirements 
    shall be at least equivalent to proven requirements for crew 
    transportation in use as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) Commercial market assessment.--Not later than 180 days 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator 
    shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an 
    assessment, conducted, in coordination with the Federal Aviation 
    Administration's Office of Commercial Space Transportation, for 
    purposes of this paragraph, of the potential non-Government market 
    for commercially-developed crew and cargo transportation systems 
    and capabilities, including an assessment of the activities 
    associated with potential private sector utilization of the ISS 
    research and technology development capabilities and other 
    potential activities in low-Earth orbit.
        (3) Procurement system review.--The Administrator shall review 
    current Government procurement and acquisition practices and 
    processes, including agreement authorities under the National 
    Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, to determine the most cost-
    effective means of procuring commercial crew transportation 
    capabilities and related services in a manner that ensures 
    appropriate accountability, transparency, and maximum efficiency in 
    the procurement of such capabilities and services, which review 
    shall include an identification of proposed measures to address 
    risk management and means of indemnification of commercial 
    providers of such capabilities and services, and measures for 
    quality control, safety oversight, and the application of Federal 
    oversight processes within the jurisdiction of other Federal 
    agencies. A description of the proposed procurement process and 
    justification of the proposed procurement for its selection shall 
    be included in any proposed initiation of procurement activity for 
    commercially-developed crew transportation capabilities and 
    services and shall be subject to review by the appropriate 
    committees of Congress before the initiation of any competitive 
    process to procure such capabilities or services. In support of the 
    review by such committees, the Comptroller General shall undertake 
    an assessment of the proposed procurement process and provide a 
    report to the appropriate committees of Congress within 90 days 
    after the date on which the Administrator provides the description 
    and justification to such committees.
        (4) Use of government-supplied capabilities and 
    infrastructure.--In evaluating any proposed development activity 
    for commercially-developed crew or cargo launch capabilities, the 
    Administrator shall identify the anticipated contribution of 
    government personnel, expertise, technologies, and infrastructure 
    to be utilized in support of design, development, or operations of 
    such capabilities. This assessment shall include a clear 
    delineation of the full requirements for the commercial crew 
    service (including the contingency for crew rescue). The 
    Administrator shall include details and associated costs of such 
    support as part of any proposed development initiative for the 
    procurement of commercially-developed crew or cargo launch 
    capabilities or services.
        (5) Flight demonstration and readiness requirements.--The 
    Administrator shall establish appropriate milestones and minimum 
    performance objectives to be achieved before authority is granted 
    to proceed to the procurement of commercially-developed crew 
    transportation capabilities or systems. The guidelines shall 
    include a procedure to provide independent assurance of flight 
    safety and flight readiness before the authorization of United 
    States government personnel to participate as crew onboard any 
    commercial launch vehicle developed pursuant to this section.
        (6) Commercial crew rescue capabilities.--The provision of a 
    commercial capability to provide ISS crew services shall include 
    crew rescue requirements, and shall be undertaken through the 
    procurement process initiated in conformance with this section. In 
    the event such development is initiated, the Administrator shall 
    make available any relevant government-owned intellectual property 
    deriving from the development of a multi-purpose crew vehicle 
    authorized by this Act to commercial entities involved with such 
    crew rescue capability development which shall be relevant to the 
    design of a crew rescue capability. In addition, the Administrator 
    shall seek to ensure that contracts for development of the multi-
    purpose crew vehicle contain provisions for the licensing of 
    relevant intellectual property to participating commercial 
    providers of any crew rescue capability development undertaken 
    pursuant to this section. If one or more contractors involved with 
    development of the multi-purpose crew vehicle seek to compete in 
    development of a commercial crew service with crew rescue 
    capability, separate legislative authority must be enacted to 
    enable the Administrator to provide funding for any modifications 
    of the multi-purpose crew vehicle necessary to fulfill the ISS crew 
    rescue function.

SEC. 404. REPORT ON INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION CARGO RETURN 
              CAPABILITY.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on potential alternative commercially-developed means 
for the capability for a soft-landing return on land from the ISS of--
        (1) research samples or other derivative materials; and
        (2) small to mid-sized (up to 1,000 kilograms) equipment for 
    return and analysis, or for refurbishment and redelivery, to the 
    ISS.

  TITLE V--CONTINUATION, SUPPORT, AND EVOLUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL 
                             SPACE STATION

SEC. 501. CONTINUATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION THROUGH 2020.

    (a) Policy of the United States.--It shall be the policy of the 
United States, in consultation with its international partners in the 
ISS program, to support full and complete utilization of the ISS 
through at least 2020.
    (b) NASA Actions.--In furtherance of the policy set forth in 
subsection (a), NASA shall pursue international, commercial, and 
intragovernmental means to maximize ISS logistics supply, maintenance, 
and operational capabilities, reduce risks to ISS systems 
sustainability, and offset and minimize United States operations costs 
relating to the ISS.

SEC. 502. MAXIMUM UTILIZATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION.

    (a) In General.--With assembly of the ISS complete, NASA shall take 
steps to maximize the productivity and use of the ISS with respect to 
scientific and technological research and development, advancement of 
space exploration, and international collaboration.
    (b) NASA Actions.--In carrying out subsection (a), NASA shall, at a 
minimum, undertake the following:
        (1) Innovative use of u.s. segment.--The United States segment 
    of the ISS, which has been designated as a National Laboratory, 
    shall be developed, managed and utilized in a manner that enables 
    the effective and innovative use of such facility, as provided in 
    section 504.
        (2) International cooperation.--The ISS shall continue to be 
    utilized as a key component of international efforts to build 
    missions and capabilities that further the development of a human 
    presence beyond near-Earth space and advance United States security 
    and economic goals. The Administrator shall actively seek ways to 
    encourage and enable the use of ISS capabilities to support these 
    efforts.
        (3) Domestic collaboration.--The operations, management, and 
    utilization of the ISS shall be conducted in a manner that provides 
    opportunities for collaboration with other research programs and 
    objectives of the United States Government in cooperation with 
    commercial suppliers, users, and developers.

SEC. 503. MAINTENANCE OF THE UNITED STATES SEGMENT AND ASSURANCE OF 
              CONTINUED OPERATIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall take all actions necessary 
to ensure the safe and effective operation, maintenance, and maximum 
utilization of the United States segment of the ISS through at least 
September 30, 2020.
    (b) Vehicle and Component Review.--
        (1) In general.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
    Administrator shall, as soon as is practicable after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, carry out a comprehensive assessment of 
    the essential modules, operational systems and components, 
    structural elements, and permanent scientific equipment on board or 
    planned for delivery and installation aboard the ISS, including 
    both United States and international partner elements, for purposes 
    of identifying the spare or replacement modules, systems and 
    components, elements, and equipment that are required to ensure 
    complete, effective, and safe functioning and full scientific 
    utilization of the ISS through September 30, 2020.
        (2) Data.--In carrying out the assessment, the Administrator 
    shall assemble any existing data, and provide for the development 
    of any data or analysis not currently available, that is necessary 
    for purposes of the assessment.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) Report on assessment.--
            (A) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to 
        the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
        assessment required by subsection (b).
            (B) Elements.--The report required by this paragraph shall 
        include, at minimum, the following:
                (i) A description of the spare or replacement modules, 
            systems and components, elements, and equipment identified 
            pursuant to the assessment that are currently produced, in 
            inventory, or on order, a description of the state of their 
            readiness, and a schedule for their delivery to the ISS 
            (including the planned transportation means for such 
            delivery), including for each such module, system or 
            component, element, or equipment a description of--

                    (I) its specifications, including size, weight, and 
                necessary configuration for launch and delivery to the 
                ISS;
                    (II) its function;
                    (III) its location; and
                    (IV) its criticality for ISS system integrity.

                (ii) A description of the spare or replacement modules, 
            systems and components, elements, and equipment identified 
            pursuant to the assessment that are not currently produced, 
            in inventory, or on order, including for each such module, 
            system or component, element, or equipment a description 
            of--

                    (I) its specifications, including size, weight, and 
                necessary configuration for launch and delivery to the 
                ISS;
                    (II) its function;
                    (III) its location;
                    (IV) its criticality for ISS system integrity; and
                    (V) the anticipated cost and schedule for its 
                design, procurement, manufacture, and delivery to the 
                ISS.

                (iii) A detailed summary of the delivery schedule and 
            associated delivery vehicle requirements necessary to 
            transport all spare and replacement elements considered 
            essential for the ongoing and sustained functionality of 
            all critical systems of the ISS, both in and of themselves 
            and as an element of an integrated, mutually dependent 
            essential capability, including an assessment of the 
            current schedule for delivery, the availability of delivery 
            vehicles to meet that schedule, and the likelihood of 
            meeting that schedule through such vehicles.
        (2) GAO report.--
            (A) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        submittal to Congress under paragraph (1) of the assessment 
        required by subsection (b), the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report on the assessment. The report shall set forth 
        an evaluation of the assessment by the Comptroller General, 
        including an evaluation of the accuracy and level of confidence 
        in the findings of the assessment.
            (B) Cooperation with gao.--The Administrator shall provide 
        for the monitoring and participation of the Comptroller General 
        in the assessment in a manner that permits the Comptroller 
        General to prepare and submit the report required by 
        subparagraph (A).
    (d) Utilization of Research Facilities and Capabilities.--
Utilization of research facilities and capabilities aboard the ISS 
(other than exploration-related research and technology development 
facilities and capabilities, and associated ground support and 
logistics), shall be planned, managed, and supported as provided in 
section 504. Exploration-related research and technology development 
facilities, capabilities, and associated ground support and logistics 
shall be planned, managed, and supported by the appropriate NASA 
organizations and officials in a manner that does not interfere with 
other activities under section 504.
    (e) Space Shuttle Mission to ISS.--
        (1) Space shuttle mission.--The Administrator shall fly the 
    Launch-On-Need Shuttle mission currently designated in the Shuttle 
    Flight Manifest dated February 28, 2010, to the ISS in fiscal year 
    2011, but no earlier than June 1, 2011, unless required earlier by 
    an operations contingency, and pending the results of the 
    assessment required by paragraph (2) and the determination under 
    paragraph (3)(A).
        (2) Assessment of safe means of return.--The Administrator 
    shall provide for an assessment by the NASA Engineering and Safety 
    Center of the procedures and plans developed to ensure the safety 
    of the Space Shuttle crew, and alternative means of return, in the 
    event the Space Shuttle is damaged or otherwise unable to return 
    safely to Earth.
        (3) Schedule and payload.--The determination of the schedule 
    and payload for the mission authorized by paragraph (1) shall take 
    into account the following:
            (A) The supply and logistics delivery requirements of the 
        ISS.
            (B) The findings of the study required by paragraph (2).
        (4) Funds.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated by section 
    101(2)(B) shall be available for the mission authorized by 
    paragraph (1).
    (f) Space Shuttle Manifest Flight Assurance.--
        (1) In general.--The Administrator shall take all actions 
    necessary to preserve Space Shuttle launch capability through 
    fiscal year 2011 in a manner that enables the launch, at a minimum, 
    of missions and primary payloads in the Shuttle flight manifest as 
    of February 28, 2010.
        (2) Continuation of contractor support.--The Administrator may 
    not terminate any contract that provides the system transitions 
    necessary for shuttle-derived hardware to be used on either the 
    multi-purpose crew vehicle described in section 303 or the Space 
    Launch System described in section 302.

SEC. 504. MANAGEMENT OF THE ISS NATIONAL LABORATORY.

    (a) Cooperative Agreement With Not-for Profit Entity for Management 
of National Laboratory.--
        (1) In general.--The Administrator shall provide initial 
    financial assistance and enter into a cooperative agreement with an 
    appropriate organization that is exempt from taxation under section 
    501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to manage the 
    activities of the ISS national laboratory in accordance with this 
    section.
        (2) Qualifications.--The organization with which the 
    Administrator enters into the cooperative agreement shall develop 
    the capabilities to implement research and development projects 
    utilizing the ISS national laboratory and to otherwise manage the 
    activities of the ISS national laboratory.
        (3) Prohibition on other activities.--The cooperative agreement 
    shall require the organization entering into the agreement to 
    engage exclusively in activities relating to the management of the 
    ISS national laboratory and activities that promote its long term 
    research and development mission as required by this section, 
    without any other organizational objectives or responsibilities on 
    behalf of the organization or any parent organization or other 
    entity.
    (b) NASA Liaison.--
        (1) Designation.--The Administrator shall designate an official 
    or employee of the Space Operations Mission Directorate of NASA to 
    act as liaison between NASA and the organization with which the 
    Administrator enters into a cooperative agreement under subsection 
    (a) with regard to the management of the ISS national laboratory.
        (2) Consultation with liaison.--The cooperative agreement shall 
    require the organization entering into the agreement to carry out 
    its responsibilities under the agreement in cooperation and 
    consultation with the official or employee designated under 
    paragraph (1).
    (c) Planning and Coordination of ISS national laboratory Research 
Activities.--The Administrator shall provide initial financial 
assistance to the organization with which the Administrator enters into 
a cooperative agreement under subsection (a), in order for the 
organization to initiate the following:
        (1) Planning and coordination of the ISS national laboratory 
    research activities.
        (2) Development and implementation of guidelines, selection 
    criteria, and flight support requirements for non-NASA scientific 
    utilization of ISS research capabilities and facilities available 
    in United States-owned modules of the ISS or in partner-owned 
    facilities of the ISS allocated to United States utilization by 
    international agreement.
        (3) Interaction with and integration of the International Space 
    Station National Laboratory Advisory Committee established under 
    section 602 of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
    Authorization Act of 2008 (42 U.S.C. 17752) with the governance of 
    the organization, and review recommendations provided by that 
    Committee regarding agreements with non-NASA departments and 
    agencies of the United States Government, academic institutions and 
    consortia, and commercial entities leading to the utilization of 
    the ISS national laboratory facilities.
        (4) Coordination of transportation requirements in support of 
    the ISS national laboratory research and development objectives, 
    including provision for delivery of instruments, logistics support, 
    and related experiment materials, and provision for return to Earth 
    of collected samples, materials, and scientific instruments in need 
    of replacement or upgrade.
        (5) Cooperation with NASA, other departments and agencies of 
    the United States Government, the States, and commercial entities 
    in ensuring the enhancement and sustained operations of non-
    exploration-related research payload ground support facilities for 
    the ISS, including the Space Life Sciences Laboratory, the Space 
    Station Processing Facility and Payload Operations Integration 
    Center.
        (6) Development and implementation of scientific outreach and 
    education activities designed to ensure effective utilization of 
    ISS research capabilities including the conduct of scientific 
    assemblies, conferences, and other fora for the presentation of 
    research findings, methods, and mechanisms for the dissemination of 
    non-restricted research findings and the development of educational 
    programs, course supplements, interaction with educational programs 
    at all grade levels, including student-focused research 
    opportunities for conduct of research in the ISS national 
    laboratory facilities.
        (7) Such other matters relating to the utilization of the ISS 
    national laboratory facilities for research and development as the 
    Administrator may consider appropriate.
    (d) Research Capacity Allocation and Integration of Research 
Payloads.--
        (1) Allocation of iss research capacity.--As soon as 
    practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act, but not 
    later than October 1, 2011, ISS national laboratory managed 
    experiments shall be guaranteed access to, and utilization of, not 
    less than 50 percent of the United States research capacity 
    allocation, including power, cold stowage, and requisite crew time 
    onboard the ISS through September 30, 2020. Access to the ISS 
    research capacity includes provision for the adequate upmass and 
    downmass capabilities to utilize the ISS research capacity, as 
    available. The Administrator may allocate additional capacity to 
    the ISS national laboratory should such capacity be in excess of 
    NASA research requirements.
        (2) Additional research capabilities.--If any NASA research 
    plan is determined to require research capacity onboard the ISS 
    beyond the percentage allocated under paragraph (1), such research 
    plan shall be prepared in the form of a requested research 
    opportunity to be submitted to the process established under this 
    section for the consideration of proposed research within the 
    capacity allocated to the ISS national laboratory. A proposal for 
    such a research plan may include the establishment of partnerships 
    with non-NASA institutions eligible to propose research to be 
    conducted within the ISS national laboratory capacity. Until 
    September 30, 2020, the official or employee designated under 
    subsection (b) may grant an exception to this requirement in the 
    case of a proposed experiment considered essential for purposes of 
    preparing for exploration beyond low-Earth orbit, as determined by 
    joint agreement between the organization with which the 
    Administrator enters into a cooperative agreement under subsection 
    (a) and the official or employee designated under subsection (b).
        (3) Research priorities and enhanced capacity.--The 
    organization with which the Administrator enters into the 
    cooperative agreement shall consider recommendations of the 
    National Academies Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical 
    Sciences in Space in establishing research priorities and in 
    developing proposed enhancements of research capacity and 
    opportunities for the ISS national laboratory.
        (4) Responsibility for research payload.--NASA shall retain its 
    roles and responsibilities in providing research payload physical, 
    analytical, and operations integration during pre-flight, post-
    flight, transportation, and orbital phases essential to ensure safe 
    and effective flight readiness and vehicle integration of research 
    activities approved and prioritized by the organization with which 
    the Administrator enters into the cooperative agreement and the 
    official or employee designated under subsection (b).

           TITLE VI--SPACE SHUTTLE RETIREMENT AND TRANSITION

SEC. 601. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE SPACE SHUTTLE PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The Space Shuttle program represents a national asset 
    consisting of critical skills and capabilities, including the 
    ability to lift large payloads into space and return them to Earth.
        (2) The Space Shuttle has carried more than 355 people from 16 
    nations into space.
        (3) The Space Shuttle has projected the best of American values 
    around the world, and Space Shuttle crews have sparked the 
    imagination and dreams of the world's youth and young at heart.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) it is essential that the retirement of the Space Shuttle 
    and the transition to new human space flight capabilities be done 
    in a manner that builds upon the legacy of this national asset; and
        (2) it is imperative for the United States to retain the skills 
    and the industrial capability to provide a follow-on Space Launch 
    System that is primarily designed for missions beyond near-Earth 
    space, while offering some potential for supplanting shuttle 
    delivery capabilities to low-Earth orbit, particularly in support 
    of ISS requirements, if necessary.

SEC. 602. RETIREMENT OF SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITERS AND TRANSITION OF SPACE 
              SHUTTLE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall retire the Space Shuttle 
orbiters pursuant to a schedule established by the Administrator and in 
a manner consistent with provisions of this Act regarding potential 
requirements for contingency utilization of Space Shuttle orbiters for 
ISS requirements.
    (b) Utilization of Workforce and Assets in Follow-on Space Launch 
System.--
        (1) Utilization of vehicle assets.--In carrying out subsection 
    (a), the Administrator shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
    utilize workforce, assets, and infrastructure of the Space Shuttle 
    program in efforts relating to the initiation of a follow-on Space 
    Launch System developed pursuant to section 302 of this Act.
        (2) Other assets.--With respect to the workforce, assets, and 
    infrastructure not utilized as described in paragraph (1), the 
    Administrator shall work closely with other departments and 
    agencies of the Federal Government, and the private sector, to 
    divest unneeded assets and to assist displaced workers with 
    retraining and other placement efforts. Amounts authorized to be 
    appropriated by section 101(2)(B) shall be available for activities 
    pursuant to this paragraph.

SEC. 603. DISPOSITION OF ORBITER VEHICLES.

    (a) In General.--Upon the termination of the Space Shuttle program 
as provided in section 602, the Administrator shall decommission any 
remaining Space Shuttle orbiter vehicles according to established 
safety and historic preservation procedures prior to their designation 
as surplus government property. The orbiter vehicles shall be made 
available and located for display and maintenance through a competitive 
procedure established pursuant to the disposition plan developed under 
section 613(a) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
Authorization Act of 2008 (42 U.S.C. 17761(a)), with priority 
consideration given to eligible applicants meeting all conditions of 
that plan which would provide for the display and maintenance of 
orbiters at locations with the best potential value to the public, 
including where the location of the orbiters can advance educational 
opportunities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
disciplines, and with an historical relationship with either the 
launch, flight operations, or processing of the Space Shuttle orbiters 
or the retrieval of NASA manned space vehicles, or significant 
contributions to human space flight. The Smithsonian Institution, 
which, as of the date of enactment of this Act, houses the Space 
Shuttle Enterprise, shall determine any new location for the 
Enterprise.
    (b) Display and Maintenance.--The orbiter vehicles made available 
under subsection (a) shall be displayed and maintained through 
agreements and procedures established pursuant to section 613(a) of the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2008 
(42 U.S.C. 17761(a)).
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to NASA such sums as may be necessary to carry out this 
section. The amounts authorized to be appropriated by this subsection 
shall be in addition to any amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
title I, and may be requested by the President as supplemental 
requirements, if needed, in the appropriate fiscal years.

                        TITLE VII--EARTH SCIENCE

SEC. 701. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) Earth observations are critical to scientific understanding 
    and monitoring of the Earth system, to protecting human health and 
    property, to growing the economy of the United States, and to 
    strengthening the national security and international posture of 
    the United States. Additionally, recognizing the number of relevant 
    participants and activities involved with Earth observations within 
    the United States Government and internationally, Congress supports 
    the strengthening of collaboration across these areas;
        (2) NASA plays a critical role through its ability to provide 
    data on solar output, sea level rise, atmospheric and ocean 
    temperature, ozone depletion, air pollution, and observation of 
    human and environment relationships;
        (3) programs should utilize open standards consistent with 
    international data-sharing principles and obtain and convert data 
    from other government agencies, including data from the United 
    States Geological Survey, and data derived from satellites operated 
    by NOAA as well as from international satellites are important to 
    the study of climate science and such cooperative relationships and 
    programs should be maintained;
        (4) Earth-observing satellites and sustained monitoring 
    programs will continue to play a vital role in climate science, 
    environmental understanding, mitigation of destructive 
    environmental impacts, and contributing to the general national 
    welfare; and
        (5) land remote sensing observation plays a critical role in 
    Earth science, and the national space policy supports this role by 
    requiring operational land remote sensing capabilities.

SEC. 702. INTERAGENCY COLLABORATION IMPLEMENTATION APPROACH.

    The Director of OSTP shall establish a mechanism to ensure greater 
coordination of the research, operations, and activities relating to 
civilian Earth observation of those Agencies, including NASA, that have 
active programs that either contribute directly or indirectly to these 
areas. This mechanism should include the development of a strategic 
implementation plan that is updated at least every 3 years, and 
includes a process for external independent advisory input. This plan 
should include a description of the responsibilities of the various 
Agency roles in Earth observations, recommended cost-sharing and 
procurement arrangements between Agencies and other entities, including 
international arrangements, and a plan for ensuring the provision of 
sustained, long term space-based climate observations. The Director 
shall provide a report to Congress within 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act on the implementation plan for this mechanism.

SEC. 703. TRANSITIONING EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH TO OPERATIONS.

    The Administrator shall coordinate with the Administrator of NOAA 
and the Director of the United States Geological Survey to establish a 
formal mechanism that plans, coordinates, and supports the 
transitioning of NASA research findings, assets, and capabilities to 
NOAA operations and United States Geological Survey operations. In 
defining this mechanism, NASA should consider the establishment of a 
formal or informal Interagency Transition Office. The Administrator of 
NASA shall provide an implementation plan for this mechanism to 
Congress within 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 704. DECADAL SURVEY MISSIONS IMPLEMENTATION FOR EARTH OBSERVATION.

    The Administrator shall undertake to implement, as appropriate, 
missions identified in the National Research Council's Earth Science 
Decadal Survey within the scope of the funds authorized for the Earth 
Science Mission Directorate.

SEC. 705. EXPANSION OF EARTH SCIENCE APPLICATIONS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the role of NASA in Earth 
Science applications shall be expanded with other departments and 
agencies of the Federal government, State and local governments, tribal 
governments, academia, the private sector, nonprofit organizations, and 
international partners. NASA's Earth science data can increasingly aid 
efforts to improve the human condition and provide greater security.

SEC. 706. INSTRUMENT TEST-BEDS AND VENTURE CLASS MISSIONS.

    The Administrator shall pursue innovative ways to fly instrument-
level payloads for early demonstration or as co-manifested payloads. 
The Congress encourages the use of the ISS as an accessible platform 
for the conduct of such activities. Additionally, in order to address 
the cost and schedule challenges associated with large flight systems, 
NASA should pursue smaller systems where practicable and warranted.

SEC. 707. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON NPOESS FOLLOW-ON PROGRAM.

    It is the Sense of the Congress that--
        (1) polar orbiting satellites are vital for weather prediction, 
    climate and environmental monitoring, national security, emergency 
    response, and climate research;
        (2) the National Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite System 
    has suffered from years of steadily rising cost estimates and 
    schedule delays and an independent review team recommended that the 
    System be restructured to improve the probability of success and 
    protect the continuity of weather and climate data;
        (3) the Congress supports the decision made by OSTP in 
    February, 2010, to restructure the program to minimize schedule 
    slips and cost overruns, clarify the responsibilities and 
    accountability of NASA, NOAA, and the Department of Defense, and 
    retain necessary coordination across civil and defense weather and 
    climate programs;
        (4) the Administrator of NOAA and the Secretary of Defense 
    should maximize the use of assets from the NPOESS program as they 
    establish the NOAA Joint Polar Satellite System at NASA's Goddard 
    Space Flight Center, and the Department of Defense's Defense 
    Weather Satellite System;
        (5) the Administrator of NOAA and the Secretary of Defense 
    should structure their programs in order to maintain satellite data 
    continuity for the Nation's weather and climate requirements; and
        (6) the Administrator of NOAA and the Secretary of Defense 
    should provide immediate notification to the Congress of any 
    impediments that may require Congressional intervention in order 
    for the agencies to meet launch readiness dates, together with any 
    recommended actions.

                       TITLE VIII--SPACE SCIENCE

SEC. 801. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT.

    The Administrator shall ensure that the Science Mission Directorate 
maintains a long term technology development program for space and 
Earth science. This effort should be coordinated with an overall Agency 
technology investment approach, as authorized in section 905 of this 
Act.

SEC. 802. SUBORBITAL RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--The report of the National Academy of Sciences, 
Revitalizing NASA's Suborbital Program: Advancing Science, Driving 
Innovation and Developing Workforce, found that suborbital science 
missions were absolutely critical to building an aerospace workforce 
capable of meeting the needs of current and future human and robotic 
space exploration.
    (b) Management.--The Administrator shall designate an officer or 
employee of the Science Mission Directorate to act as the responsible 
official for all Suborbital Research in the Science Mission 
Directorate. The designee shall be responsible for the development of 
short- and long term strategic plans for maintaining, renewing and 
extending suborbital facilities and capabilities, monitoring progress 
towards goals in the plans, and be responsible for integration of 
suborbital activities and workforce development within the agency, 
thereby ensuring the long term recognition of their combined value to 
the directorate, to NASA, and to the Nation.
    (c) Establishment of Suborbital Research Program.--The 
Administrator shall establish a Suborbital Research Program within the 
Science Mission Directorate that shall include the use of sounding 
rockets, aircraft, high altitude balloons, suborbital reusable launch 
vehicles, and commercial launch vehicles to advance science and train 
the next generation of scientists and engineers in systems engineering 
and systems integration which are vital to maintaining critical skills 
in the aerospace workforce. The program shall integrate existing 
suborbital research programs with orbital missions at the discretion of 
the designated officer or employee and shall emphasize the 
participation of undergraduate and graduate students and post-doctoral 
researchers when formulating announcements of opportunity.
    (d) Report.--The Administrator shall report to the appropriate 
committees of Congress on the number and type of suborbital missions 
conducted in each fiscal year and the number of undergraduate and 
graduate students participating in the missions. The report shall be 
made annually for each fiscal year under this section.
    (e) Authorization.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Administrator such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

SEC. 803. OVERALL SCIENCE PORTFOLIO-SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.

    Congress reaffirms its sense that a balanced and adequately funded 
set of activities, consisting of research and analysis grants programs, 
technology development, small, medium, and large space missions, and 
suborbital research activities, contributes to a robust and productive 
science program and serves as a catalyst for innovation.

SEC. 804. IN-SPACE SERVICING.

    The Administrator shall continue to take all necessary steps to 
ensure that provisions are made for in-space or human servicing and 
repair of all future observatory-class scientific spacecraft intended 
to be deployed in Earth-orbit or at a Lagrangian point to the extent 
practicable and appropriate. The Administrator should ensure that 
agency investments and future capabilities for space technology, 
robotics, and human space flight take the ability to service and repair 
these spacecraft into account, where appropriate, and incorporate such 
capabilities into design and operational plans.

SEC. 805. DECADAL RESULTS.

    NASA shall take into account the current decadal surveys from the 
National Academies' Space Studies Board when submitting the President's 
budget request to the Congress.

SEC. 806. ON-GOING RESTORATION OF RADIOISOTOPE THERMOELECTRIC GENERATOR 
              MATERIAL PRODUCTION.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
        (1) The United States has led the world in the scientific 
    exploration of space for nearly 50 years.
        (2) Missions such as Viking, Voyager, Cassini, and New Horizons 
    have greatly expanded knowledge of our solar system and planetary 
    characteristics and evolution.
        (3) Radioisotope power systems are the only available power 
    sources for deep space missions making it possible to travel to 
    such distant destinations as Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Pluto, and 
    beyond and maintain operational control and systems viability for 
    extended mission durations.
        (4) Current radioisotope power systems supplies and production 
    will not fully support NASA missions planned even in the next 
    decade and, without a new domestic production capability, the 
    United States will no longer have the means to explore the majority 
    of the solar system by the end of this decade.
        (5) Continuing to rely on Russia or other foreign sources for 
    radioisotope power system fuel production is not a secure option.
        (6) Reestablishing domestic production will require a long 
    lead-time. Thus, meeting future space exploration mission needs 
    requires that a restart project begin at the earliest opportunity.
    (b) In General.--The Administrator shall, in coordination with the 
Secretary of Energy, pursue a joint approach beginning in fiscal year 
2011 towards restarting and sustaining the domestic production of 
radioisotope thermoelectric generator material for deep space and other 
science and exploration missions. Funds authorized by this Act for NASA 
shall be made available under a reimbursable agreement with the 
Department of Energy for the purpose of reestablishing facilities to 
produce fuel required for radioisotope thermoelectric generators to 
enable future missions.
    (c) Report.--Within 120 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator and the Secretary of Energy shall submit a joint 
report to the appropriate committees of Congress on coordinated 
agreements, planned implementation, and anticipated schedule, 
production quantities, and mission applications under this section.

SEC. 807. COLLABORATION WITH ESMD AND SOMD ON ROBOTIC MISSIONS.

    The Administrator shall ensure that the Exploration Systems Mission 
Directorate and the Space Operations Mission Directorate coordinate 
with the Science Mission Directorate on an overall approach and plan 
for interagency and international collaboration on robotic missions 
that are NASA or internationally developed, including lunar, 
Lagrangian, near-Earth orbit, and Mars spacecraft, such as the 
International Lunar Network. Within 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Administrator shall provide a plan to the appropriate 
committees of Congress for implementation of the collaborative approach 
required by this section. The Administrator may not cancel or initiate 
any Exploration Systems Mission Directorate or Science Mission 
Directorate robotic project before the plan is submitted to the 
appropriate committees of Congress.

SEC. 808. NEAR-EARTH OBJECT SURVEY AND POLICY WITH RESPECT TO THREATS 
              POSED.

    (a) Policy Reaffirmation.--Congress reaffirms the policy set forth 
in section 102(g) of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 
U.S.C. 2451(g)) relating to surveying near-Earth asteroids and comets.
    (b) Implementation.--The Director of the OSTP shall implement, 
before September 30, 2012, a policy for notifying Federal agencies and 
relevant emergency response institutions of an impending near-Earth 
object threat if near-term public safety is at risk, and assign a 
Federal agency or agencies to be responsible for protecting the United 
States and working with the international community on such threats.

SEC. 809. SPACE WEATHER.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
        (1) Space weather events pose a significant threat to modern 
    technological systems.
        (2) The effects of severe space weather events on the electric 
    power grid, telecommunications and entertainment satellites, 
    airline communications during polar routes, and space-based 
    position, navigation and timing systems could have significant 
    societal, economic, national security, and health impacts.
        (3) Earth and Space Observing satellites, such as the Advanced 
    Composition Explorer, Geostationary Operational Environmental 
    Satellites, Polar Operational Environmental Satellites, and Defense 
    Meteorological Satellites, provide crucial data necessary to 
    predict space weather events.
    (b) Action Required.--The Director of OSTP shall--
        (1) improve the Nation's ability to prepare, avoid, mitigate, 
    respond to, and recover from potentially devastating impacts of 
    space weather events;
        (2) coordinate the operational activities of the National Space 
    Weather Program Council members, including the NOAA Space Weather 
    Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency; and
        (3) submit a report to the appropriate committees of Congress 
    within 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act that--
            (A) details the current data sources, both space- and 
        ground-based, that are necessary for space weather forecasting; 
        and
            (B) details the space- and ground-based systems that will 
        be required to gather data necessary for space weather 
        forecasting for the next 10 years.

               TITLE IX--AERONAUTICS AND SPACE TECHNOLOGY

SEC. 901. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) aeronautics research remains vital to NASA's mission and 
    deserves continued support;
        (2) NASA aeronautics research should be guided by, and 
    consistent with, the National Aeronautics Research and Development 
    Policy that guides the Nation's aeronautics research and 
    development activities;
        (3) the OSTP-led National Science and Technology Council 
    Aeronautics Science and Technology subcommittee remains essential 
    to developing and coordinating national aeronautics research and 
    development plans and their prioritization for funding, and that it 
    is also important that the plans include a focus on research, 
    development, test, and evaluation infrastructure plans, as well as 
    research and development goals and objectives; and
        (4) technology research conducted by NASA as part of the larger 
    national aeronautics effort would help to secure, sustain, and 
    advance the leadership role of the United States in global 
    aviation.

SEC. 902. AERONAUTICS RESEARCH GOALS.

    The Administrator should ensure that NASA maintains a strong 
aeronautics research portfolio ranging from fundamental research 
through systems research with specific research goals, including the 
following:
        (1) Airspace capacity.--NASA's Aeronautics Research Mission 
    Directorate shall address research needs of the Next Generation Air 
    Transportation System, including the ability of the National 
    Airspace System to handle up to 3 times the current travel demand 
    by 2025.
        (2) Environmental sustainability.--The Directorate shall 
    consider and pursue concepts to reduce noise, emissions, and fuel 
    consumption while maintaining high safety standards and shall 
    pursue research related to alternative fuels.
        (3) Aviation safety.--The Directorate shall proactively address 
    safety challenges with new and current air vehicles and with 
    operations in the Nation's current and future air transportation 
    system.

SEC. 903. RESEARCH COLLABORATION.

    (a) Department of Defense.--The Administrator shall continue to 
coordinate with the Secretary of Defense, through the National 
Partnership for Aeronautics Testing, to develop and implement joint 
plans for those elements of the Nation's research, development, 
testing, and engineering infrastructure that are of common interest and 
use.
    (b) Federal Aviation Administration.--The Administrator shall 
continue to coordinate with, and work closely with, the Administrator 
of the Federal Aviation Administration, under the framework of the 
Senior Policy Council, in development of the Next Generation Air 
Transportation Program. The Administrator shall encourage the Council 
to explore areas for greater collaboration, including areas where NASA 
can help to accelerate the development and demonstration of NextGen 
technologies.

SEC. 904. GOAL FOR AGENCY SPACE TECHNOLOGY.

    It is critical that NASA maintain an Agency space technology base 
that helps align mission directorate investments and supports long term 
needs to complement mission-directorate funded research and support, 
where appropriate, multiple users, building upon its Innovative 
Partnerships Program and other partnering approaches.

SEC. 905. IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR AGENCY SPACE TECHNOLOGY.

    Within 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, NASA shall 
submit a plan to the appropriate committees of Congress that outlines 
how NASA's space technology program will meet the goal described in 
section 904, including an explanation of how the plan will link to 
other mission-directorate technology efforts outlined in sections 608, 
801, and 802 of this Act.

SEC. 906. NATIONAL SPACE TECHNOLOGY POLICY.

    (a) In General.--The President or the President's designee, in 
consultation with appropriate Federal agencies, shall develop a 
national policy to guide the space technology development programs of 
the United States through 2020. The policy shall include national goals 
for technology development and shall describe the role and 
responsibilities of each Federal agency that will carry out the policy. 
In developing the policy, the President or the President's designee 
shall utilize external studies that have been conducted on the state of 
United States technology development and have suggested policies to 
ensure continued competitiveness.
    (b) Content.--
        (1) At a minimum, the national space technology development 
    policy shall describe for NASA--
            (A) the priority areas of research for technology 
        investment;
            (B) the basis on which and the process by which priorities 
        for ensuing fiscal years will be selected;
            (C) the facilities and personnel needed to carry out the 
        technology development program; and
            (D) the budget assumptions on which the policy is based, 
        which for fiscal years 2011, 2012, and 2013 shall be the 
        authorized level for NASA's technology program authorized by 
        this Act.
        (2) The policy shall be based on the premise that the Federal 
    Government has an established interest in conducting research and 
    development programs that help preserve the role of the United 
    States as a global leader in space technologies and their 
    application.
        (3) Considerations.--In developing the national space 
    technology development policy, the President or the President's 
    designee shall consider, and include a discussion in the report 
    required by subsection (c), of the following issues:
            (A) The extent to which NASA should focus on long term, 
        high-risk research or more incremental technology development, 
        and the expected impact of that decision on the United States 
        economy.
            (B) The extent to which NASA should address military and 
        commercial needs.
            (C) How NASA will coordinate its technology program with 
        other Federal agencies.
            (D) The extent to which NASA will conduct research in-
        house, fund university research, and collaborate on industry 
        research and the expected impact of that mix of funding on the 
        supply of United States workers for industry.
        (4) Consultation.--In the development of the national space 
    technology development policy, the President or the President's 
    designee shall consult widely with academic and industry experts 
    and with other Federal agencies. The Administrator may enter into 
    an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences to help 
    develop the policy.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) Policy.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
    of this Act, the President shall transmit a report setting forth 
    national space technology policy to the appropriate committees of 
    Congress and to the Senate Committee on Appropriations and the 
    House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations.
        (2) Implementation.--Not later than 60 days after the President 
    transmits the report required by paragraph (1) to the Congress, the 
    Administrator shall transmit a report to the same committees 
    describing how NASA will carry out the policy.

SEC. 907. COMMERCIAL REUSABLE SUBORBITAL RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    (a) In general.--The report of the National Academy of Sciences, 
Revitalizing NASA's Suborbital Program: Advancing Science, Driving 
Innovation and Developing Workforce, found that suborbital science 
missions were absolutely critical to building an aerospace workforce 
capable of meeting the needs of current and future human and robotic 
space exploration.
    (b) Management.--The Administrator shall designate an officer or 
employee of the Space Technology Program to act as the responsible 
official for the Commercial Reusable Suborbital Research Program in the 
Space Technology Program. The designee shall be responsible for the 
development of short- and long term strategic plans for maintaining, 
renewing and extending suborbital facilities and capabilities.
    (c) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish a Commercial 
Reusable Suborbital Research Program within the Space Technology 
Program that shall fund the development of payloads for scientific 
research, technology development, and education, and shall provide 
flight opportunities for those payloads to microgravity environments 
and suborbital altitudes. The Commercial Reusable Suborbital Research 
Program may fund engineering and integration demonstrations, proofs of 
concept, or educational experiments for commercial reusable vehicle 
flights. The program shall endeavor to work with NASA's Mission 
Directorates to help achieve NASA's research, technology, and education 
goals.
    (d) Report.--The Administrator shall submit a report annually to 
the appropriate committees of Congress describing progress in carrying 
out the Commercial Reusable Suborbital Research program, including the 
number and type of suborbital missions planned in each fiscal year.
    (e) Authorization.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Administrator $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2013 to 
carry out this section.

                           TITLE X--EDUCATION

SEC. 1001. REPORT ON EDUCATION IMPLEMENTATION OUTCOMES.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on the metrics, internal and external relationships, 
and resources committed by NASA to each of the following:
        (1) The development of a national STEM workforce.
        (2) The retention of students in STEM disciplines as reflected 
    by their education progression over time.
        (3) The development of strategic partnerships and linkages 
    between STEM formal and informal education providers.

SEC. 1002. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM TO STIMULATE 
              COMPETITIVE RESEARCH.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
    of NASA strengthens the research capabilities of jurisdictions that 
    historically have not participated equally in competitive aerospace 
    and aerospace-related research activities;
        (2) the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
    of NASA has provided the American taxpayer with an excellent return 
    on investment;
        (3) the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
    of NASA has been successful in helping to achieve broader 
    geographical distribution of research and development support by 
    improving the research infrastructure in States that historically 
    have received limited Federal research and development funds; and
        (4) in order to continue improvement and to increase efficiency 
    the award of grants under the Experimental Program to Stimulate 
    Competitive Research of NASA should be coordinated with the award 
    of grants under the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive 
    Research of the National Science Foundation, the Department of 
    Energy, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, 
    the Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Institutes of 
    Health.

SEC. 1003. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS COMMERCIAL 
              ORBITAL PLATFORM PROGRAM.

    A fundamental and unique capability of NASA is in stimulating 
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education in the 
United States. In ensuring maximum use of that capability, NASA shall--
        (1) establish a program to annually sponsor scientific and 
    educational payloads developed with United States student and 
    educator involvement to be flown on commercially available orbital 
    platforms, when available and operational, with the goal of 
    launching at least 50 such payloads (with at least one from each of 
    the 50 States) to orbit on at least one mission per year;
        (2) contract with providers of commercial orbital platform 
    services for their use by the STEM-Commercial Orbital Platform 
    program, preceded by the issuance of a request for proposal, not 
    later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, to 
    enter into at least one funded, competitively-awarded contract for 
    commercial orbital platform services and make awards within 180 
    days after such date; and
        (3) engage with United States students and educators and make 
    available NASA's science, engineering, payload development, and 
    payload operations expertise to student teams selected to 
    participate in the STEM-Commercial Orbital Platform program.

    TITLE XI--RE-SCOPING AND REVITALIZING INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITIES

SEC. 1101. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that NASA needs to re-scope, and as 
appropriate, down-size, to fit current and future missions and expected 
funding levels. Eighty percent of NASA's facilities are over 40 years 
old. Additionally, in a number of areas NASA finds itself ``holding 
onto'' facilities and capabilities scaled to another era.

SEC. 1102. INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS STUDY.

    Within 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator shall provide to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
comprehensive study that, taking into account the long term direction 
provided by this Act, carefully examines NASA's structure, 
organization, and institutional assets and identifies a strategy to 
evolve toward the most efficient retention, sizing, and distribution of 
facilities, laboratories, test capabilities, and other infrastructure 
consistent with NASA's missions and mandates. The Administrator should 
pay particular attention to identifying and removing unneeded or 
duplicative infrastructure. The Administrator should include in the 
study a suggested reconfiguration and reinvestment strategy that would 
conform the needed equipment, facilities, test equipment, and related 
organizational alignment that would best meet the requirements of 
missions and priorities authorized and directed by this Act. As part of 
this strategy, the Administrator should include consideration and 
application of the findings and recommendations of the National 
Research Council report, Capabilities for the Future: An Assessment of 
NASA Laboratories for Basic Research, prepared in response to section 
1003 of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization 
Act of 2008 (42 U.S.C. 17812).

SEC. 1103. NASA CAPABILITIES STUDY REQUIREMENT.

    Upon completion of the study required by Section 1102, the 
Administrator shall establish an independent panel to examine 
alternative management models for NASA's workforce, centers, and 
related facilities in order to improve efficiency and productivity, 
while nonetheless maintaining core Federal competencies and keeping 
appropriately governmental functions internal to NASA. The study shall 
include a recommended implementation strategy, which shall identify any 
additional legislative authorities necessary to enable implementation 
of the recommended strategy, including recommended actions to provide 
aid and assistance to eligible communities to mitigate adverse impacts 
resulting from implementation of the proposed strategy. The 
Administrator shall provide the results of this study to the 
appropriate committees of Congress within 1 year after the date on 
which the study is begun.

SEC. 1104. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON COMMUNITY TRANSITION SUPPORT.

    The Congress recognizes and supports current executive branch 
efforts to assist and provide aid to communities that are adversely 
impacted by NASA program changes, contract or program cancellations, or 
proposed institutional changes, so as to minimize the social and 
economic impacts to those communities, workers, and businesses. 
Communities eligible for such aid would be those in close proximity to 
NASA mission-related centers and their component facilities located in 
Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New 
Mexico, Ohio, Texas, and Virginia which may be impacted by program 
changes authorized or directed by this Act or by the implementation 
strategy developed pursuant to section 1103.

SEC. 1105. WORKFORCE STABILIZATION AND CRITICAL SKILLS PRESERVATION.

    Prior to receipt by the Congress of the study, recommendations, and 
implementation strategy developed pursuant to section 1103, none of the 
funds authorized for use under this Act may be used to transfer the 
functions, missions, or activities, and associated civil service and 
contractor positions, from any NASA facility without authorization by 
the Congress to implement the proposed strategy. The Administrator 
shall preserve the critical skills and competencies in place at NASA 
centers prior to enactment of this Act in order to facilitate timely 
implementation of the requirements of this Act and to minimize 
disruption to the workforce. The Administrator may not implement any 
reduction-in-force or other involuntary separations of permanent, non-
Senior-Executive-Service, civil servant employees before September 30, 
2013, except for cause on charges of misconduct, delinquency, or 
inefficiency.

                        TITLE XII--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 1201. REPORT ON SPACE TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT.

    The Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on a status on the initiation of discussions with 
other nations on a framework to address space traffic management 
concerns, as required by section 1102 of the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration Act Authorization Act of 2008 (42 U.S.C. 17821).

SEC. 1202. NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL ORBITAL DEBRIS MITIGATION.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) A national and international effort is needed to develop a 
    coordinated approach towards the prevention, negation, and removal 
    of orbital debris.
        (2) The guidelines issued by the Inter-Agency Space Debris 
    Coordination Committee provide a consensus understanding of 10 
    national space agencies (including NASA) plus the European Space 
    Agency on the necessity of mitigating the creation of space debris 
    and measures for doing so. NASA's participation on the Committee 
    should be robust, and NASA should urge other space-relevant Federal 
    agencies (including the Departments of State, Defense, and 
    Commerce) to work to ensure that their counterpart agencies in 
    foreign governments are aware of these national commitments and the 
    importance in which the United States holds them.
        (3) Key components of such an approach should include--
            (A) a process for debris prevention through agreements 
        regarding spacecraft design, operations, and end-of-life 
        disposition plans to minimize orbiting vehicles or elements 
        which are nonfunctional;
            (B) the development of a robust Space Situational Awareness 
        network that can identify potential collisions and provide 
        sufficient trajectory and orbital data to enable avoidance 
        maneuvers;
            (C) the interagency development of an overall strategy for 
        review by the President, with recommendations for proposed 
        international collaborative efforts to address this challenge.
    (b) International Discussion.--
        (1) In general.--The Administrator shall, in consultation with 
    such other departments and agencies of the Federal Government as 
    the Administrator considers appropriate, continue and strengthen 
    discussions with the representatives of other space-faring 
    countries, within the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination 
    Committee and elsewhere, to deal with this orbital debris 
    mitigation.
        (2) Interagency effort.--For purposes of carrying out this 
    subsection, the Director of OSTP, in coordination with the Director 
    of the National Security Council and using the President's Council 
    of Advisors on Science and Technology coordinating mechanism, shall 
    develop an overall strategy for review by the President, with 
    recommendations for proposed international collaborative efforts to 
    address this challenge.

SEC. 1203. REPORTS ON PROGRAM AND COST ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL 
              ASSESSMENT.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The adherence of NASA to program cost and schedule targets 
    and discipline across NASA programs remains a concern.
        (2) The James Webb Space Telescope has exceeded its cost 
    estimate.
        (3) In 2007 the Government Accountability Office issued a 
    report on NASA's high risk acquisition performance.
        (4) In response, NASA prepared a corrective action plan two 
    years ago.
    (b) Reports.--
        (1) Reports required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, and not later than April 30 of each year 
    thereafter, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate 
    committees of Congress a report on the implementation during the 
    preceding year for the corrective action plan referred to in 
    subsection (a)(4).
        (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall set 
    forth, for the year covered by such report, the following:
            (A) A description of each NASA program that has exceeded 
        its cost baseline by 15 percent or more or is more than 2 years 
        behind its projected development schedule.
            (B) For each program specified under subparagraph (A), a 
        plan for such decrease in scope or requirements, or other 
        measures, to be undertaken to control cost and schedule, 
        including any cost monitoring or corrective actions undertaken 
        pursuant to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
        Authorization Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-155), and the 
        amendments made by that Act.

SEC. 1204. ELIGIBILITY FOR SERVICE OF INDIVIDUAL CURRENTLY SERVING AS 
              ADMINISTRATOR OF NASA.

    The individual serving in the position of Administrator of the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act comes from civilian life and is therefore 
eligible to serve in such position, in conformance with section 202 of 
the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2472(a)).

SEC. 1205. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION 
              OF NASA SOFTWARE.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) safety is at the heart of every NASA mission;
        (2) the Office of Safety and Mission Assurance remains vital to 
    assuring the safety of all NASA activities;
        (3) among the most important activities of the Office of Safety 
    and Mission Assurance is the performance of independent safety and 
    mission assurance assessments and process verification reviews;
        (4) as NASA embarks on a new path, independent verification and 
    validation of software must be of the highest priority to ensure 
    safety throughout all NASA programs;
        (5) NASA's activities depend on software integrity to achieve 
    their goals and deliver a successful mission to the American 
    people;
        (6) independent verification and validation is necessary to 
    ensure that safety-critical software will operate dependably and 
    support mission success;
        (7) the creation of the Independent Verification and Validation 
    Facility of NASA was the direct result of recommendations made by 
    the National Research Council and the Report of the Presidential 
    Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident;
        (8) the mission-critical software of NASA must operate 
    dependably and safely;
        (9) the Independent Verification and Validation Facility of 
    NASA plays an important role in assuring the safety of all NASA 
    activities by improving methodologies for risk identification and 
    assessment, and providing recommendations for risk mitigation and 
    acceptance; and
        (10) the Independent Verification and Validation Facility shall 
    be the sole provider of independent verification and validation 
    services for software created by or for NASA.

SEC. 1206. COUNTERFEIT PARTS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator shall plan, develop, and 
implement a program, in coordination with other Federal agencies, to 
detect, track, catalog, and reduce the number of counterfeit electronic 
parts in the NASA supply chain.
    (b) Requirements.--In carrying out the program, the Administrator 
shall establish--
        (1) counterfeit part identification training for all employees 
    that procure, process, distribute, and install electronic parts 
    that will--
            (A) teach employees how to identify counterfeit parts;
            (B) educate employees on procedures to follow if they 
        suspect a part is counterfeit;
            (C) regularly update employees on new threats, 
        identification techniques, and reporting requirements; and
            (D) integrate industry associations, manufacturers, 
        suppliers, and other Federal agencies, as appropriate;
        (2) an internal database to track all suspected and confirmed 
    counterfeit electronic parts that will maintain, at a minimum--
            (A) companies and individuals known and suspected of 
        selling counterfeit parts;
            (B) parts known and suspected of being counterfeit, 
        including lot and date codes, part numbers, and part images;
            (C) countries of origin;
            (D) sources of reporting;
            (E) United States Customs seizures; and
            (F) Government-Industry Data Exchange Program reports and 
        other public or private sector database notifications; and
        (3) a mechanism to report all information on suspected and 
    confirmed counterfeit electronic parts to law enforcement agencies, 
    industry associations, and other databases, and to issue bulletins 
    to industry on counterfeit electronic parts and related counterfeit 
    activity.
    (c) Review of Procurement and Acquisition Policy.--
        (1) In general.--In establishing the program, the Administrator 
    shall amend existing acquisition and procurement policy to purchase 
    electronic parts from trusted or approved manufacturers. To 
    determine trusted or approved manufacturers, the Administrator 
    shall establish a list, assessed and adjusted at least annually, 
    and create criteria for manufacturers to meet in order to be placed 
    onto the list.
        (2) Criteria.--The criteria may include--
            (A) authentication or encryption codes;
            (B) embedded security markings in parts;
            (C) unique, harder to copy labels and markings;
            (D) identifying distinct lot and serial codes on external 
        packaging;
            (E) radio frequency identification embedded into high-value 
        parts;
            (F) physical destruction of all defective, damaged, and 
        sub-standard parts that are by-products of the manufacturing 
        process;
            (G) testing certifications;
            (H) maintenance of procedures for handling any counterfeit 
        parts that slip through;
            (I) maintenance of secure facilities to prevent 
        unauthorized access to proprietary information; and
            (J) maintenance of product return, buy back, and inventory 
        control practices that limit counterfeiting.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Within one year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall report on the progress 
of implementing this section to the appropriate committees of Congress.

SEC. 1207. INFORMATION SECURITY.

    (a) Monitoring Risk.--
        (1) Update on system implementation.--Not later than 120 days 
    after the date of enactment of this Act, and on a biennial basis 
    thereafter, the chief information officer of NASA, in coordination 
    with other national security agencies, shall provide to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress--
            (A) an update on efforts to implement a system to provide 
        dynamic, comprehensive, real-time information regarding risk of 
        unauthorized remote, proximity, and insider use or access, for 
        all information infrastructure under the responsibility of the 
        chief information officer, and mission-related networks, 
        including contractor networks;
            (B) an assessment of whether the system has demonstrably 
        and quantifiably reduced network risk compared to alternative 
        methods of measuring security; and
            (C) an assessment of the progress that each center and 
        facility has made toward implementing the system.
        (2) Existing assessments.--The assessments required of the 
    Inspector General under section 3545 of title 44, United States 
    Code, shall evaluate the effectiveness of the system described in 
    this subsection.
    (b) Information Security Awareness and Education.--
        (1) In general.--In consultation with the Department of 
    Education, other national security agencies, and other agency 
    directorates, the chief information officer shall institute an 
    information security awareness and education program for all 
    operators and users of NASA information infrastructure, with the 
    goal of reducing unauthorized remote, proximity, and insider use or 
    access.
        (2) Program requirements.--
            (A) The program shall include, at a minimum, ongoing 
        classified and unclassified threat-based briefings, and 
        automated exercises and examinations that simulate common 
        attack techniques.
            (B) All agency employees and contractors engaged in the 
        operation or use of agency information infrastructure shall 
        participate in the program.
            (C) Access to NASA information infrastructure shall only be 
        granted to operators and users who regularly satisfy the 
        requirements of the program.
            (D) The chief human capital officer of NASA, in 
        consultation with the chief information officer, shall create a 
        system to reward operators and users of agency information 
        infrastructure for continuous high achievement in the program.
    (c) Information Infrastructure Defined.--In this section, the term 
``information infrastructure'' means the underlying framework that 
information systems and assets rely on to process, transmit, receive, 
or store information electronically, including programmable electronic 
devices and communications networks and any associated hardware, 
software, or data.

SEC. 1208. NATIONAL CENTER FOR HUMAN PERFORMANCE.

    (a) In General.--The National Center for Human Performance is 
located in Houston's Texas Medical Center which is home to 49 non-
profit and academic patient care, biomedical research, and health 
educational institutions serving 6 million patients each year, and 
works collaboratively with individuals and organizations, including 
NASA, to advance science and research on human performance in space, 
health, the military, athletics, and the arts.
    (b) Designation as Institution of Excellence.--The National Center 
for Human Performance is designated as an Institution of Excellence for 
Human Performance dedicated to understanding and improving all aspects 
of human performance.

SEC. 1209. ENHANCED-USE LEASING.

    (a) Sense of the Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that 
the NASA enhanced-use leasing program is a fiscally responsible program 
to further maintain the exploration-related infrastructure of our 
Nation's space centers while ensuring continued private utilization of 
these Federal assets, and every effort should be made to ensure 
effective utilization of this program.

SEC. 1210. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING THE STENNIS SPACE CENTER.

    It is the sense of the Congress that the Stennis Space Center 
represents the national capability for development and certification of 
liquid propulsion technologies vital to our Nation's space flight 
program, and that the Federal government should fully utilize that 
resource and continue to make the testing facility available for 
further development of commercial aerospace capabilities.

    TITLE XIII--COMPLIANCE WITH STATUTORY PAY-AS-YOU-GO ACT OF 2010

SEC. 1301. COMPLIANCE PROVISION.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go-Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional 
Record by the Chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, provided that 
such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.

                               Speaker of the House of Representatives.

                            Vice President of the United States and    
                                               President of the Senate.