Text: S.3856 — 111th Congress (2009-2010)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (09/28/2010)

 
[Congressional Bills 111th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S. 3856 Introduced in Senate (IS)]

111th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 3856

 To amend title 49, United States Code, to provide for enhanced safety 
and environmental protection in pipeline transportation, to provide for 
   enhanced reliability in the transportation of the Nation's energy 
             products by pipeline, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           September 28, 2010

    Mr. Lautenberg (for himself and Mr. Rockefeller) introduced the 
 following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on 
                 Commerce, Science, and Transportation

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend title 49, United States Code, to provide for enhanced safety 
and environmental protection in pipeline transportation, to provide for 
   enhanced reliability in the transportation of the Nation's energy 
             products by pipeline, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; AMENDMENT OF TITLE 49, UNITED STATES CODE; 
              TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Pipeline 
Transportation Safety Improvement Act of 2010''.
    (b) Amendment of Title 49, United States Code.--Except as otherwise 
expressly provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is 
expressed in terms of an amendment to, or a repeal of, a section or 
other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a 
section or other provision of title 49, United States Code.
    (c) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; amendment of title 49, United States Code; table 
                            of contents.
Sec. 2. Civil penalties.
Sec. 3. Pipeline damage prevention.
Sec. 4. Offshore gathering pipelines.
Sec. 5. Automatic and remote-controlled shut-off valves.
Sec. 6. Excess flow valves.
Sec. 7. Integrity management.
Sec. 8. Public education and awareness.
Sec. 9. Government Accountability Office report.
Sec. 10. Leak detection.
Sec. 11. Incident notification.
Sec. 12. Transportation-related onshore facility response plan 
                            compliance.
Sec. 13. Pipeline infrastructure data collection.
Sec. 14. International cooperation and consultation.
Sec. 15. Gas and hazardous liquid gathering lines.
Sec. 16. Transportation related oil flow lines.
Sec. 17. Alaska project coordination.
Sec. 18. Cost recovery for design reviews.
Sec. 19. Special permits.
Sec. 20. Biofuel pipelines.
Sec. 21. Carbon dioxide pipelines.
Sec. 22. Study of non-petroleum hazardous liquids transported by 
                            pipeline.
Sec. 23. Clarifications.
Sec. 24. Additional resources.
Sec. 25. Maintenance of effort.
Sec. 26. Authorization of appropriations.

SEC. 2. CIVIL PENALTIES.

    (a) Penalty Considerations; Major Consequence Violations.--Section 
60122 is amended--
            (1) by striking ``the ability to pay,'' in subsection 
        (b)(1)(B);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (f) as 
        subsections (d) through (g), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Penalties for Major Consequence Violations.--
            ``(1) In general.--A person that the Secretary of 
        Transportation decides, after written notice and an opportunity 
        for a hearing, has committed a major consequence violation of 
        section 60114(b), 60114(d), or 60118(a) of this title or a 
        regulation prescribed or order issued under this chapter is 
        liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of 
        not more than $250,000 for each violation. A separate violation 
        occurs for each day the violation continues. The maximum civil 
        penalty under this paragraph for a related series of major 
        consequence violations is $2,500,000.
            ``(2) Penalty considerations.--In determining the amount of 
        a civil penalty for a major consequence violation under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall consider the factors prescribed 
        in subsection (b).
            ``(3) Major consequence violation defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `major consequence violation' means a 
        violation that contributed to an incident resulting in--
                    ``(A) 1 or more deaths;
                    ``(B) 1 or more injuries or illnesses requiring 
                hospitalization;
                    ``(C) environmental harm exceeding $250,000 in 
                estimated damage to the environment including property 
                loss; or
                    ``(D) a release of gas or hazardous liquids that 
                ignites or otherwise presents a safety threat to the 
                public or presents a threat to the environment in an 
                area identified under section 60109(a) of this 
                title.''.
    (b) Penalty for Obstruction of Inspections and Investigations.--
Section 60118(e) is amended by adding at the end ``The Secretary may 
impose a civil penalty under section 60122 of this title on a person 
who obstructs or prevents the Secretary from carrying out inspections 
or investigations under this chapter.''.
    (c) Administrative Penalty Caps Inapplicable.--Section 60120(a)(1) 
is amended by adding at the end ``The maximum amount of civil penalties 
for administrative enforcement actions under section 60122 of this 
title shall not apply to enforcement actions under this section.''.
    (d) Judicial Review of Administrative Enforcement Orders.--Section 
60119(a) is amended--
            (1) by striking the subsection caption and inserting ``(a) 
        Review of Regulations, Orders, and Other Final Agency 
        Actions.--''; and
            (2) by striking ``about an application for a waiver under 
        section 60118(c) or (d) of'' and inserting ``under''.

SEC. 3. PIPELINE DAMAGE PREVENTION.

    (a) Minimum Standards for State One-Call Notification Programs.--
Section 6103(a) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Minimum Standards.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to qualify for a grant under 
        section 6106, a State one-call notification program shall, at a 
        minimum, provide for--
                    ``(A) appropriate participation by all underground 
                facility operators, including all government operators;
                    ``(B) appropriate participation by all excavators, 
                including all government and contract excavators; and
                    ``(C) flexible and effective enforcement under 
                State law with respect to participation in, and use of, 
                one-call notification systems.
            ``(2) Exemptions prohibited.--A State one-call notification 
        program may not exempt municipalities, State agencies, or their 
        contractors from its one-call notification system 
        requirements.''.
    (b) State Damage Prevention Programs.--Section 60134(a) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon in paragraph 
        (1);
            (2) by striking ``(b).'' in paragraph (2) and inserting 
        ``(b); and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) does not provide any exemptions to municipalities, 
        State agencies, or their contractors from its one-call 
        notification system requirements.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 4. OFFSHORE GATHERING PIPELINES.

    Section 60102(k)(1) is amended by striking the last sentence and 
inserting ``Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the 
Pipeline Transportation Safety Improvement Act of 2010, the Secretary 
shall issue regulations, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, 
subjecting offshore hazardous liquid gathering pipelines and hazardous 
liquid gathering pipelines located within the inlets of the Gulf of 
Mexico to the same standards and regulations as other hazardous liquid 
pipelines. The regulations issued under this paragraph shall not apply 
to low-stress distribution pipelines.''.

SEC. 5. AUTOMATIC AND REMOTE-CONTROLLED SHUT-OFF VALVES.

    Section 60102 is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(n) Automatic and Remote-Controlled Shut-Off Valves.--Not later 
than 2 years after the date of enactment of the Pipeline Transportation 
Safety Improvement Act of 2010, the Secretary shall by regulation, 
after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, require the use of 
automatic or remote-controlled shut-off valves, or equivalent 
technology, where economically and technically feasible on pipelines 
constructed after the date on which the Secretary issues a final 
rule.''.

SEC. 6. EXCESS FLOW VALVES.

    Section 60109(e)(3) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
        and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
                    ``(B) Branch services, multi-family facilities, and 
                small commercial facilities.--Not later than 2 years 
                after the date of enactment of the Pipeline 
                Transportation Safety Improvement Act of 2010, the 
                Secretary shall prescribe regulations, after notice and 
                an opportunity for hearing, to require the use of 
                excess flow valves, where economically and technically 
                feasible, on new or entirely replaced branch services, 
                multi-family facilities, and small commercial 
                facilities.''.

SEC. 7. INTEGRITY MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Evaluation.--Within 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall evaluate--
            (1) whether integrity management system requirements should 
        be expanded beyond high consequence areas (as defined under 
        section 60109(a) of title 49, United States Code); and
            (2) with respect to gas pipeline facilities, whether 
        applying the integrity management program requirements to 
        additional areas would mitigate the need for class location 
        requirements.
    (b) Standards.--Not later than 1 year after completion of the 
evaluation, the Secretary shall prescribe such regulations, after 
notice and an opportunity for a hearing.
    (c) Data Reporting.--The Secretary may collect any relevant data 
necessary to complete the evaluation required by subsection (a) and may 
collect such additional data pursuant to regulations promulgated under 
subsection (b) as may be necessary.

SEC. 8. PUBLIC EDUCATION AND AWARENESS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 601 is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
`` 60138. Public education and awareness
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of the Pipeline Transportation Safety Improvement Act of 
2010, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) maintain a monthly updated summary of all gas and 
        hazardous liquid pipeline inspections conducted by or reported 
        to the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 
        that includes--
                    ``(A) identification of the operator inspected;
                    ``(B) the type of inspection;
                    ``(C) the results of the inspection, including any 
                deficiencies identified; and
                    ``(D) any corrective actions required to be taken 
                by the operator to remediate such deficiencies;
            ``(2) maintain a comprehensive list and individual copy of 
        each gas and hazardous liquid pipeline operator's facility 
        response plan, excluding any proprietary or security-sensitive 
        information that may be contained in an operator's plan;
            ``(3) excluding any proprietary or security-sensitive 
        information, as part of the National Pipeline Mapping System 
        maintain a map of all currently designated high consequence 
        areas in which pipelines are required to meet integrity 
        management safety regulations and update the map annually; and
            ``(4) maintain a current copy of any industry-developed or 
        professional organization pipeline safety standards to the 
        public, to the extent consistent with fair use.
    ``(b) Public Availability.--The requirements of subsection (a) 
shall be considered to have been met if the information required to be 
made public is made available on the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials 
Safety Administration's public website.
    ``(c) Relationship to FOIA.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to require disclosure of information or records that are 
exempt from disclosure under section 552 of title 5.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for chapter 601 is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 60137 the 
following:

``60138. Public education and awareness.''.

SEC. 9. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT.

    The Comptroller General shall conduct a comprehensive analysis of 
the safety risks, including the risk of accident and injury to 
individuals or the environment, from both onshore and offshore 
pipelines to which chapter 601 of title 49, United States Code, does 
not apply, including gathering lines. The analysis shall also consider 
the safety risks and benefits of applying the regulations under section 
60109(e) of title 49, United States Code, to low-stress gas 
transmission lines. Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit a report on the 
results of this analysis to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation and the House of Representatives Committees on 
Transportation and Infrastructure and on Energy and Commerce.

SEC. 10. LEAK DETECTION.

    (a) Leak Detection Study Update.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
submit to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
and the House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure an updated report on leak detection systems utilized by 
operators of hazardous liquid pipelines. The report shall include an 
analysis of the technical limitations of current leak detection 
systems, including the systems' ability to detect ruptures and small 
leaks that are ongoing or intermittent, and what can be done to foster 
development of better technologies.
    (b) Leak Detection Standards.--Not later than 1 year after 
completion of the report, the Secretary shall, based on the study in 
subsection (a), prescribe regulations, after notice and an opportunity 
for a hearing, requiring an operator of a hazardous liquid pipeline to 
use leak detection technologies, particularly in high consequence 
areas.

SEC. 11. INCIDENT NOTIFICATION.

    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Transportation shall--
            (1) prescribe regulations, after notice and an opportunity 
        for a hearing, that establish time limits for accident and 
        incident telephonic notification by pipeline operators to State 
        and local government officials and emergency responders when a 
        spill or rupture occurs; and
            (2) review procedures for pipeline operators and the 
        National Response Center to provide thorough and coordinated 
        notification to all relevant emergency response officials and 
        revise such procedures as appropriate.

SEC. 12. TRANSPORTATION-RELATED ONSHORE FACILITY RESPONSE PLAN 
              COMPLIANCE.

    (a) In General.--Subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 311(m)(2) of 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1321(m)(2)) are each 
amended by striking ``Administrator or'' and inserting ``Administrator, 
the Secretary of Transportation, or''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 311(b)(6)(A) of the Federal 
Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(A)) is amended by 
striking ``operating or'' and inserting ``operating, the Secretary of 
Transportation, or''.

SEC. 13. PIPELINE INFRASTRUCTURE DATA COLLECTION.

    (a) In General.--Section 60132(a) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and gathering lines''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Any other geospatial, technical, or other pipeline 
        data, including design and material specifications, that the 
        Secretary determines is necessary to carry out the purposes of 
        this section. The Secretary shall give reasonable notice to 
        operators that the data are being requested.''.
    (b) Disclosure Limited to FOIA Requirements.--Section 60132 is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Public Disclosure Limited.--The Secretary may not disclose 
information collected pursuant to subsection (a) except to the extent 
permitted by section 552 of title 5.''.

SEC. 14. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND CONSULTATION.

    Section 60117 is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(o) International Cooperation and Consultation.--
            ``(1) Information exchange and technical assistance.--If 
        the Secretary determines that it would benefit the United 
        States, subject to guidance from the Secretary of State, the 
        Secretary may engage in activities supporting cooperative 
        international efforts to share information about the risks to 
        the public and the environment from pipelines and means of 
        protecting against those risks. Such cooperation may include 
        the exchange of information with domestic and appropriate 
        international organizations to facilitate efforts to develop 
        and improve safety standards and requirements for pipeline 
        transportation in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce.
            ``(2) Consultation.--To the extent practicable, subject to 
        guidance from the Secretary of State, the Secretary may consult 
        with interested authorities in Canada, Mexico, and other 
        interested authorities, as needed, to ensure that the 
        respective pipeline safety standards and requirements 
        prescribed by the Secretary and those prescribed by such 
        authorities are consistent with the safe and reliable operation 
        of cross-border pipelines.
            ``(3) Differences in international standards and 
        requirements.--Nothing in this section requires that a standard 
        or requirement prescribed by the Secretary under this chapter 
        be identical to a standard or requirement adopted by an 
        international authority.''.

SEC. 15. GAS AND HAZARDOUS LIQUID GATHERING LINES.

    Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall complete a review of all exemptions for gas and 
hazardous liquid gathering lines. Based on this review the Secretary 
shall submit a report to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation and the House of Representatives Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure containing the Secretary's 
recommendations with respect to the modification or revocation of 
existing exemptions.

SEC. 16. TRANSPORTATION-RELATED OIL FLOW LINES.

    Section 60102, as amended by section 5, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(o) Transportation-Related Oil Flow Lines.--
            ``(1) Data collection.--The Secretary may collect 
        geospatial, technical, or other pipeline data on 
        transportation-related oil flow lines, including unregulated 
        transportation-related oil flow lines.
            ``(2) Transportation-related oil flow line defined.--In 
        this subsection, the term `transportation-related oil flow 
        line' means a pipeline transporting oil off of the grounds of 
        the production facility where it originated across areas not 
        owned by the producer regardless of the extent to which the oil 
        has been processed, if at all.
            ``(3) Limitation.--Nothing in this subsection authorizes 
        the Secretary to prescribe standards for the movement of oil 
        through production, refining, or manufacturing facilities, or 
        through oil production flow lines located on the grounds of 
        production facilities.''.

SEC. 17. ALASKA PROJECT COORDINATION.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 601, as amended by section 8 of this Act, 
is further amended by adding at the end the following:
`` 60139. Alaska project coordination
    ``The Secretary may provide technical assistance to the State of 
Alaska for the purpose of achieving coordinated and effective oversight 
of the construction, expansion, or operation of pipeline systems in 
Alaska. The assistance may include--
            ``(1) conducting coordinated inspections of pipeline 
        systems subject to the respective authorities of the Department 
        of Transportation and the State of Alaska;
            ``(2) consulting on the development and implementation of 
        programs designed to manage the integrity risks associated with 
        operating pipeline systems in the unique conditions of Alaska;
            ``(3) training inspection and enforcement personnel and 
        consulting on the development and implementation of inspection 
        protocols and training programs; and
            ``(4) entering into cooperative agreements, grants, or 
        other transactions with the State of Alaska, the Joint Pipeline 
        Office, other Federal agencies, and other public and private 
        agencies to carry out the objectives of this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for chapter 601, as 
amended by section 8 of this Act, is further amended by inserting the 
following after the item relating to section 60138:

``60139. Alaska project coordination.''.

SEC. 18. COST RECOVERY FOR DESIGN REVIEWS.

    Section 60117(n) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(n) Cost Recovery for Design Reviews.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Review costs.--For any project described in 
                subparagraph (B), if the Secretary conducts facility 
                design safety reviews in connection with a proposal to 
                construct, expand, or operate a new gas or hazardous 
                liquid pipeline or liquefied natural gas pipeline 
                facility, including construction inspections and 
                oversight, the Secretary may require the person or 
                entity proposing the project to pay the costs incurred 
                by the Secretary relating to such reviews. If the 
                Secretary exercises the cost recovery authority 
                described in this section, the Secretary shall 
                prescribe a fee structure and assessment methodology 
                that is based on the costs of providing these reviews 
                and shall prescribe procedures to collect fees under 
                this section. This authority is in addition to the 
                authority provided in section 60301 of this title, but 
                the Secretary may not collect fees under this section 
                and section 60301 for the same design safety review.
                    ``(B) Projects to which applicable.--Subparagraph 
                (A) applies to any project that--
                            ``(i) has design and construction costs 
                        totaling at least $3.4 billion;
                            ``(ii) is a multi-state project at least 
                        100 miles in length; or
                            ``(iii) uses new or novel technologies or 
                        designs.
            ``(2) Notification.--For any new pipeline construction 
        project in which the Secretary will conduct design reviews, the 
        person or entity proposing the project shall notify the 
        Secretary and provide the design specifications, construction 
        plans and procedures, and related materials at least 120 days 
        prior to the commencement of construction.
            ``(3) Deposit and use.--There is established a Pipeline 
        Safety Design Review Fund in the Treasury of the United States. 
        The Secretary shall deposit funds paid under this subsection 
        into the Fund. Funds deposited under this section are 
        authorized to be appropriated for the purposes set forth in 
        this chapter. Fees authorized under this section shall be 
        collected and available for obligation only to the extent and 
        in the amount provided in advance in appropriations Acts.''.

SEC. 19. SPECIAL PERMITS.

    Section 60118(c)(1) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Issuance of waivers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--On application of an owner or 
                operator of a pipeline facility, the Secretary by order 
                may waive compliance with any part of an applicable 
                standard prescribed under this chapter with respect to 
                the facility on terms the Secretary considers 
                appropriate, if the Secretary determines that the 
                waiver is not inconsistent with pipeline safety.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In determining whether to 
                grant a waiver, the Secretary shall consider--
                            ``(i) the fitness of the applicant to 
                        conduct the activity authorized by the waiver 
                        in a manner that is consistent with pipeline 
                        safety;
                            ``(ii) the applicant's compliance history;
                            ``(iii) the applicant's accident history; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) any other information or data the 
                        Secretary considers relevant to making the 
                        determination.
                    ``(C) Effective period.--A waiver of one or more 
                pipeline operating requirements shall be effective for 
                an initial period of not more than 5 years and may be 
                renewed by the Secretary upon application. In reviewing 
                an application for renewal, the Secretary shall 
                consider any change in ownership or control of the 
                pipeline, any change in the conditions around the 
                pipeline, and other factors as appropriate.
                    ``(D) Public notice and hearing.--The Secretary may 
                act on a waiver under this section only after public 
                notice and an opportunity for a hearing, which may 
                consist of publication of notice in the Federal 
                Register that an application for a waiver has been 
                filed and providing the public with the opportunity to 
                review and comment on the application. If a waiver is 
                granted, the Secretary shall state in the order and 
                associated analysis the reasons for granting it.
                    ``(E) Noncompliance and modification, suspension, 
                or revocation.--After notice to a holder of a waiver 
                and opportunity to show cause, the Secretary may 
                modify, suspend, or revoke a waiver issued under this 
                section for failure to comply with its terms or 
                conditions, intervening changes in Federal law, a 
                material change in circumstances affecting safety, 
                including erroneous information in the application, or 
                any other reason. If necessary to avoid a significant 
                risk of harm to persons, property, or the environment, 
                the Secretary may waive the show cause procedure and 
                make the action immediately effective.''.

SEC. 20. BIOFUEL PIPELINES.

    Section 60101(a)(4) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon in subparagraph 
        (A);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
        and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
                    ``(B) non-petroleum fuels, including biofuels that 
                are flammable, toxic, or corrosive or would be harmful 
                to the environment if released in significant 
                quantities, and''.

SEC. 21. CARBON DIOXIDE PIPELINES.

    Section 60102(i) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Pipelines Transporting Carbon Dioxide.--The Secretary shall 
prescribe minimum safety standards for the transportation of carbon 
dioxide by pipeline in either a liquid or gaseous state.''.

SEC. 22. STUDY OF NON-PETROLEUM HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS TRANSPORTED BY 
              PIPELINE.

    The Secretary of Transportation may conduct an analysis of the 
transportation of non-petroleum hazardous liquids by pipeline for the 
purpose of identifying the extent to which pipelines are currently 
being used to transport non-petroleum hazardous liquids, such as 
chlorine, from chemical production facilities across land areas not 
owned by the producer that are accessible to the public. The analysis 
should identify the extent to which the safety of the lines is 
unregulated by the States and evaluate whether the transportation of 
such chemicals by pipeline across areas accessible to the public would 
present significant risks to public safety, property, or the 
environment in the absence of regulation. The results of the analysis 
shall be made available to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation and the House of Representatives Committees on 
Transportation and Infrastructure and on Energy and Commerce.

SEC. 23. CLARIFICATIONS.

    (a) Amendment of Procedures Clarification.--Section 60108(a)(1) is 
amended by striking ``an intrastate'' and inserting ``a''.
    (b) Owner and Operator Clarification.--Section 60102(a)(2)(A) is 
amended by striking ``owners and operators'' and inserting in their 
place the words ``any or all of the owners or operators''.
    (c) One-Call Enforcement Clarification.--Section 60114(f) is 
amended by adding at the end ``This subsection does not apply to 
proceedings against persons who are pipeline operators.''.

SEC. 24. ADDITIONAL RESOURCES.

    (a) In General.--To the extent funds are appropriated, the 
Secretary shall increase the personnel of the Pipeline and Hazardous 
Materials Safety Administration by a total of 40 fulltime employees to 
carry out the pipeline safety program and the administration of that 
program, of which at least--
            (1) 9 employees shall be added in fiscal year 2011;
            (2) 10 employees shall be added in fiscal year 2012;
            (3) 10 employees shall be added in fiscal year 2013; and
            (4) 10 employees shall be added in fiscal year 2014.
    (b) Functions.--In increasing the number of employees under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall focus on hiring employees--
            (1) to conduct data collection, analysis, and reporting;
            (2) to develop, implement, and update information 
        technology;
            (3) to conduct inspections of pipeline facilities to 
        determine compliance with applicable regulations and standards;
            (4) to provide administrative, legal, and other support for 
        pipeline enforcement activities; and
            (5) to support the overall pipeline safety mission of the 
        Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, 
        including training of pipeline enforcement personnel.

SEC. 25. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.

    Section 60107(b) is amended to read as follows:
    ``Payments.--After notifying and consulting with a State authority, 
the Secretary may withhold any part of a payment when the Secretary 
decides that the authority is not carrying out satisfactorily a safety 
program or not acting satisfactorily as an agent. The Secretary may pay 
an authority under this section only when the authority ensures the 
Secretary that it will provide the remaining costs of a safety program 
and that the total State amount spent for a safety program (excluding 
grants of the United States Government) will at least equal the average 
amount spent for gas and hazardous liquid safety programs for fiscal 
years 2004 through 2006, except when the Secretary waives the 
requirements of this subsection.''.

SEC. 26. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Gas and Hazardous Liquid.--
            (1) Section 60125(a)(1) is amended by striking 
        subparagraphs (A) through (D) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) for fiscal year 2011, $92,206,000, of which 
                $9,200,000 is for carrying out such section 12 and 
                $36,958,000 is for making grants;
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2012, $96,144,000, of which 
                $9,600,000 for carrying out such section 12 and 
                $39,611,000 is for making grants;
                    ``(C) for fiscal year 2013, $99,876,000, of which 
                $9,900,000 is for carrying out such section 12 and 
                $41,148,000 is for making grants; and
                    ``(D) for fiscal year 2014, $102,807,000, of which 
                $10,200,000 is for carrying out such section 12 and 
                $42,356,000 is for making grants.''.
            (2) Section 60125(a)(2) is amended by striking 
        subparagraphs (A) through (D) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) for fiscal year 2011, $18,905,000, of which 
                $7,562,000 is for carrying out such section 12 and 
                $7,864,000 is for making grants;
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2012, $19,661,000, of which 
                $7,864,000 is for carrying out such section 12 and 
                $7,864,000 is for making grants;
                    ``(C) for fiscal year 2013, $20,000,000, of which 
                $8,000,000 is for carrying out such section 12 and 
                $8,000,000 is for making grants; and
                    ``(D) for fiscal year 2014, $20,000,000, of which 
                $8,000,000 is for carrying out such section 12 and 
                $8,000,000 is for making grants.''.
    (b) Emergency Response Grants.--Section 60125(b)(2) is amended by 
striking ``2007 through 2010'' and inserting ``2011 through 2014''.
    (c) One-Call Notification Programs.--Section 6107 is amended--
            (1) by striking ``2007 through 2010.'' in subsection (a) 
        and inserting ``2011 through 2014.'';
            (2) by striking ``2007 through 2010.'' in subsection (b) 
        and inserting ``2011 through 2014.''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (c).
    (d) State Damage Prevention Programs.--Section 60134 is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to provide grants under this section 
$2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2014. The funds shall 
remain available until expended.''.
    (e) Community Pipeline Safety Information Grants.--Section 60130(d) 
is amended by striking ``2003 through 2010.'' and inserting ``2011 
through 2014.''.
    (f) Pipeline Transportation Research and Development.--Section 12 
of the Pipeline Safety Improvement Act of 2002 (49 U.S.C. 60101 note) 
is amended--
            (1) by adding the following at the end of subsection (d):
            ``(3) Ongoing pipeline transportation research and 
        development.--After the initial 5-year program plan has been 
        carried out by the participating agencies, the Secretary of 
        Transportation shall prepare a research and development program 
        plan every 5 years thereafter and shall transmit a report to 
        Congress on the status and results-to-date of implementation of 
        the program each year that funds are appropriated for carrying 
        out the plan.''; and
            (2) by striking ``2003 through 2006.'' in subsection (f) 
        and inserting ``2011 through 2014.''.
                                 <all>