Text: H.R.1905 — 112th Congress (2011-2012)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 112-158 (08/10/2012)

 



[112th Congress Public Law 158]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]



[[Page 1213]]

        IRAN THREAT REDUCTION AND SYRIA HUMAN RIGHTS ACT OF 2012

[[Page 126 STAT. 1214]]

Public Law 112-158
112th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To strengthen Iran sanctions laws for the purpose of compelling Iran to 
abandon its pursuit of nuclear weapons and other threatening activities, 
     and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Aug. 10, 2012 -  [H.R. 1905]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 22 USC 8701 note.>>  Short Title.--This Act may be cited 
as the ``Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.

TITLE I--EXPANSION OF MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS REGIME WITH RESPECT TO IRAN

Sec. 101. Sense of Congress on enforcement of multilateral sanctions 
           regime and expansion and implementation of sanctions laws.
Sec. 102. Diplomatic efforts to expand multilateral sanctions regime.

 TITLE II--EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO THE ENERGY SECTOR OF IRAN 
        AND PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION BY IRAN

         Subtitle A--Expansion of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

Sec. 201. Expansion of sanctions with respect to the energy sector of 
           Iran.
Sec. 202. Imposition of sanctions with respect to transportation of 
           crude oil from Iran and evasion of sanctions by shipping 
           companies.
Sec. 203. Expansion of sanctions with respect to development by Iran of 
           weapons of mass destruction.
Sec. 204. Expansion of sanctions available under the Iran Sanctions Act 
           of 1996.
Sec. 205. Modification of waiver standard under the Iran Sanctions Act 
           of 1996.
Sec. 206. Briefings on implementation of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996.
Sec. 207. Expansion of definitions under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996.
Sec. 208. Sense of Congress on energy sector of Iran.

   Subtitle B--Additional Measures Relating to Sanctions Against Iran

Sec. 211. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the provision of 
           vessels or shipping services to transport certain goods 
           related to proliferation or terrorism activities to Iran.
Sec. 212. Imposition of sanctions with respect to provision of 
           underwriting services or insurance or reinsurance for the 
           National Iranian Oil Company or the National Iranian Tanker 
           Company.
Sec. 213. Imposition of sanctions with respect to purchase, subscription 
           to, or facilitation of the issuance of Iranian sovereign 
           debt.
Sec. 214. Imposition of sanctions with respect to subsidiaries and 
           agents of persons sanctioned by United Nations Security 
           Council resolutions.
Sec. 215. Imposition of sanctions with respect to transactions with 
           persons sanctioned for certain activities relating to 
           terrorism or proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1215]]

Sec. 216. Expansion of, and reports on, mandatory sanctions with respect 
           to financial institutions that engage in certain activities 
           relating to Iran.
Sec. 217. Continuation in effect of sanctions with respect to the 
           Government of Iran, the Central Bank of Iran, and sanctions 
           evaders.
Sec. 218. Liability of parent companies for violations of sanctions by 
           foreign subsidiaries.
Sec. 219. Disclosures to the Securities and Exchange Commission relating 
           to sanctionable activities.
Sec. 220. Reports on, and authorization of imposition of sanctions with 
           respect to, the provision of specialized financial messaging 
           services to the Central Bank of Iran and other sanctioned 
           Iranian financial institutions.
Sec. 221. Identification of, and immigration restrictions on, senior 
           officials of the Government of Iran and their family members.
Sec. 222. Sense of Congress and rule of construction relating to certain 
           authorities of State and local governments.
Sec. 223. Government Accountability Office report on foreign entities 
           that invest in the energy sector of Iran or export refined 
           petroleum products to Iran.
Sec. 224. Reporting on the importation to and exportation from Iran of 
           crude oil and refined petroleum products.

  TITLE III--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS

Subtitle A--Identification of, and Sanctions With Respect to, Officials, 
 Agents, Affiliates, and Supporters of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps 
                      and Other Sanctioned Persons

Sec. 301. Identification of, and imposition of sanctions with respect 
           to, officials, agents, and affiliates of Iran's Revolutionary 
           Guard Corps.
Sec. 302. Identification of, and imposition of sanctions with respect 
           to, persons that support or conduct certain transactions with 
           Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps or other sanctioned persons.
Sec. 303. Identification of, and imposition of measures with respect to, 
           foreign government agencies carrying out activities or 
           transactions with certain Iran-affiliated persons.
Sec. 304. Rule of construction.

 Subtitle B--Additional Measures Relating to Iran's Revolutionary Guard 
                                  Corps

Sec. 311. Expansion of procurement prohibition to foreign persons that 
           engage in certain transactions with Iran's Revolutionary 
           Guard Corps.
Sec. 312. Determinations of whether the National Iranian Oil Company and 
           the National Iranian Tanker Company are agents or affiliates 
           of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps.

       TITLE IV--MEASURES RELATING TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN IRAN

 Subtitle A--Expansion of Sanctions Relating to Human Rights Abuses in 
                                  Iran

Sec. 401. Imposition of sanctions on certain persons responsible for or 
           complicit in human rights abuses committed against citizens 
           of Iran or their family members after the June 12, 2009, 
           elections in Iran.
Sec. 402. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the transfer of goods 
           or technologies to Iran that are likely to be used to commit 
           human rights abuses.
Sec. 403. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons who engage in 
           censorship or other related activities against citizens of 
           Iran.

         Subtitle B--Additional Measures to Promote Human Rights

Sec. 411. Codification of sanctions with respect to grave human rights 
           abuses by the governments of Iran and Syria using information 
           technology.
Sec. 412. Clarification of sensitive technologies for purposes of 
           procurement ban under Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
           Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010.
Sec. 413. Expedited consideration of requests for authorization of 
           certain human rights-, humanitarian-, and democracy-related 
           activities with respect to Iran.
Sec. 414. Comprehensive strategy to promote Internet freedom and access 
           to information in Iran.
Sec. 415. Statement of policy on political prisoners.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 501. Exclusion of citizens of Iran seeking education relating to 
           the nuclear and energy sectors of Iran.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1216]]

Sec. 502. Interests in certain financial assets of Iran.
Sec. 503. Technical correction to section 1245 of the National Defense 
           Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.
Sec. 504. Expansion of sanctions under section 1245 of the National 
           Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.
Sec. 505. Reports on natural gas exports from Iran.
Sec. 506. Report on membership of Iran in international organizations.
Sec. 507. Sense of Congress on exportation of goods, services, and 
           technologies for aircraft produced in the United States.

                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 601. Implementation; penalties.
Sec. 602. Applicability to certain intelligence activities.
Sec. 603. Applicability to certain natural gas projects.
Sec. 604. Rule of construction with respect to use of force against Iran 
           and Syria.
Sec. 605. Termination.

    TITLE VII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN SYRIA

Sec. 701. Short title.
Sec. 702. Imposition of sanctions with respect to certain persons who 
           are responsible for or complicit in human rights abuses 
           committed against citizens of Syria or their family members.
Sec. 703. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the transfer of goods 
           or technologies to Syria that are likely to be used to commit 
           human rights abuses.
Sec. 704. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons who engage in 
           censorship or other forms of repression in Syria.
Sec. 705. Waiver.
Sec. 706. Termination.

SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8701.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    Except as otherwise specifically provided, in this Act:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
        (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            (2) Financial transaction.--The term ``financial 
        transaction'' means any transfer of value involving a financial 
        institution, including the transfer of forwards, futures, 
        options, swaps, or precious metals, including gold, silver, 
        platinum, and palladium.
            (3) Knowingly.--The term ``knowingly'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
        (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            (4) United states person.--The term ``United States person'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act 
        of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8511).

TITLE I--EXPANSION OF MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS REGIME WITH RESPECT TO IRAN

SEC. 101. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8711.>>  SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ENFORCEMENT 
                        OF MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS REGIME AND 
                        EXPANSION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SANCTIONS 
                        LAWS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the goal of compelling Iran to 
abandon efforts to acquire a nuclear weapons capability and other 
threatening activities can be effectively achieved through a 
comprehensive policy that includes economic sanctions, diplomacy,

[[Page 126 STAT. 1217]]

 and military planning, capabilities and options, and that this 
objective is consistent with the one stated by President Barack Obama in 
the 2012 State of the Union Address: ``Let there be no doubt: America is 
determined to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, and I will 
take no options off the table to achieve that goal''. Among the economic 
measures to be taken are--
            (1) prompt enforcement of the current multilateral sanctions 
        regime with respect to Iran;
            (2) full, timely, and vigorous implementation of all 
        sanctions enacted into law, including sanctions imposed or 
        expanded by this Act or amendments made by this Act, through--
                    (A) intensified monitoring by the President and the 
                designees of the President, including the Secretary of 
                the Treasury, the Secretary of State, and senior 
                officials in the intelligence community (as defined in 
                section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
                U.S.C. 401a(4)), as appropriate;
                    (B) more extensive use of extraordinary authorities 
                provided for under the International Emergency Economic 
                Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) and other sanctions 
                laws;
                    (C) reallocation of resources to provide the 
                personnel necessary, within the Department of the 
                Treasury, the Department of State, and the Department of 
                Commerce, and, where appropriate, the intelligence 
                community, to apply and enforce sanctions; and
                    (D) expanded cooperation with international 
                sanctions enforcement efforts;
            (3) urgent consideration of the expansion of existing 
        sanctions with respect to such areas as--
                    (A) the provision of energy-related services to 
                Iran;
                    (B) the provision of insurance and reinsurance 
                services to Iran;
                    (C) the provision of shipping services to Iran; and
                    (D) those Iranian financial institutions not yet 
                designated for the imposition of sanctions that may be 
                acting as intermediaries for Iranian financial 
                institutions that are designated for the imposition of 
                sanctions; and
            (4) a focus on countering Iran's efforts to evade sanctions, 
        including--
                    (A) the activities of telecommunications, Internet, 
                and satellite service providers, in and outside of Iran, 
                to ensure that such providers are not participating in 
                or facilitating, directly or indirectly, the evasion of 
                the sanctions regime with respect to Iran or violations 
                of the human rights of the people of Iran;
                    (B) the activities of financial institutions or 
                other businesses or government agencies, in or outside 
                of Iran, not yet designated for the imposition of 
                sanctions; and
                    (C) urgent and ongoing evaluation of Iran's energy, 
                national security, financial, and telecommunications 
                sectors, to gauge the effects of, and possible defects 
                in, particular sanctions, with prompt efforts to correct 
                any gaps in the existing sanctions regime with respect 
                to Iran.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1218]]

SEC. 102. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8712.>>  DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO EXPAND 
                        MULTILATERAL SANCTIONS REGIME.

    (a) Multilateral Negotiations.--Congress urges the President to 
intensify diplomatic efforts, both in appropriate international fora 
such as the United Nations and bilaterally with allies of the United 
States, for the purpose of--
            (1) expanding the United Nations Security Council sanctions 
        regime to include--
                    (A) a prohibition on the issuance of visas to any 
                official of the Government of Iran who is involved in--
                          (i) human rights violations in or outside of 
                      Iran;
                          (ii) the development of a nuclear weapons 
                      program and a ballistic missile capability in 
                      Iran; or
                          (iii) support by the Government of Iran for 
                      terrorist organizations, including Hamas and 
                      Hezbollah; and
                    (B) a requirement that each member country of the 
                United Nations--
                          (i) prohibit the Islamic Republic of Iran 
                      Shipping Lines from landing at seaports, and cargo 
                      flights of Iran Air from landing at airports, in 
                      that country because of the role of those 
                      organizations in proliferation and illegal arms 
                      sales; and
                          (ii) apply the prohibitions described in 
                      clause (i) to other Iranian entities designated 
                      for the imposition of sanctions on or after the 
                      date of the enactment of this Act;
            (2) expanding the range of sanctions imposed with respect to 
        Iran by allies of the United States;
            (3) expanding efforts to limit the development of petroleum 
        resources and the importation of refined petroleum products by 
        Iran;
            (4) developing additional initiatives to--
                    (A) increase the production of crude oil in 
                countries other than Iran; and
                    (B) assist countries that purchase or otherwise 
                obtain crude oil or petroleum products from Iran to 
                eliminate their dependence on crude oil and petroleum 
                products from Iran; and
            (5) eliminating the revenue generated by the Government of 
        Iran from the sale of petrochemical products produced in Iran to 
        other countries.

    (b) <<NOTE: President.>>  Reports to Congress.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days 
thereafter, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report on the extent to which diplomatic efforts described 
in subsection (a) have been successful that includes--
            (1) an identification of the countries that have agreed to 
        impose sanctions or take other measures to further the policy 
        set forth in subsection (a);
            (2) the extent of the implementation and enforcement of 
        those sanctions or other measures by those countries;
            (3) the criteria the President uses to determine whether a 
        country has significantly reduced its crude oil purchases from 
        Iran pursuant to section 1245(d)(4)(D) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, as amended by section 
        504, including considerations of reductions both in terms of 
        volume and price;

[[Page 126 STAT. 1219]]

            (4) an identification of the countries that have not agreed 
        to impose such sanctions or measures, including such countries 
        granted exceptions for significant reductions in crude oil 
        purchases pursuant to such section 1245(d)(4)(D);
            (5) recommendations for additional measures that the United 
        States could take to further diplomatic efforts described in 
        subsection (a); and
            (6) the disposition of any decision with respect to 
        sanctions imposed with respect to Iran by the World Trade 
        Organization or its predecessor organization.

 TITLE II--EXPANSION <<NOTE: President. Determinations.>>  OF SANCTIONS 
 RELATING TO THE ENERGY SECTOR OF IRAN AND PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF 
MASS DESTRUCTION BY IRAN

         Subtitle A--Expansion of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

SEC. 201. <<NOTE: 50 USC 1701 note.>>  EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO THE ENERGY SECTOR OF IRAN.

    Section 5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 
50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``with Respect 
        to'' and all that follows through ``to Iran'' and inserting 
        ``relating to the Energy Sector of Iran'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                    (A) by striking ``3 or more'' and inserting ``5 or 
                more''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
                Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010'' and 
                inserting ``the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human 
                Rights Act of 2012'';
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``3 or more'' and inserting 
                      ``5 or more''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the Comprehensive Iran 
                      Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
                      2010'' and inserting ``the Iran Threat Reduction 
                      and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting before the 
                period at the end the following: ``or directly 
                associated infrastructure, including construction of 
                port facilities, railways, and roads, the primary use of 
                which is to support the delivery of refined petroleum 
                products'';
            (4) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``3 or more'' and inserting 
                      ``5 or more''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the Comprehensive Iran 
                      Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
                      2010'' and

[[Page 126 STAT. 1220]]

                      inserting ``the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria 
                      Human Rights Act of 2012''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``; or'' and 
                      inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in clause (iii), by striking the period 
                      at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iv) bartering or contracting by which goods 
                      are exchanged for goods, including the insurance 
                      or reinsurance of such exchanges; or
                          ``(v) purchasing, subscribing to, or 
                      facilitating the issuance of sovereign debt of the 
                      Government of Iran, including governmental bonds, 
                      issued on or after the date of the enactment of 
                      the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights 
                      Act of 2012.''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Joint ventures with iran relating to developing 
        petroleum resources.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B) or subsection (f), the President shall 
                impose 5 or more of the sanctions described in section 
                6(a) with respect to a person if the President 
                determines that the person knowingly participates, on or 
                after the date of the enactment of the Iran Threat 
                Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, in a joint 
                venture with respect to the development of petroleum 
                resources outside of Iran if--
                          ``(i) the joint venture is established on or 
                      after January 1, 2002; and
                          ``(ii)(I) the Government of Iran is a 
                      substantial partner or investor in the joint 
                      venture; or
                          ``(II) Iran could, through a direct 
                      operational role in the joint venture or by other 
                      means, receive technological knowledge or 
                      equipment not previously available to Iran that 
                      could directly and significantly contribute to the 
                      enhancement of Iran's ability to develop petroleum 
                      resources in Iran.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Applicability.--
                Subparagraph (A) shall not apply with respect to 
                participation in a joint venture established on or after 
                January 1, 2002, and before the date of the enactment of 
                the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 
                2012, if the person participating in the joint venture 
                terminates that participation not later than the date 
                that is 180 days after such date of enactment.
            ``(5) Support for the development of petroleum resources and 
        refined petroleum products in iran.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
                (f), the President shall impose 5 or more of the 
                sanctions described in section 6(a) with respect to a 
                person if the President determines that the person 
                knowingly, on or after the date of the enactment of the 
                Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 
                2012, sells, leases, or provides to Iran goods, 
                services, technology, or support described in 
                subparagraph (B)--
                          ``(i) any of which has a fair market value of 
                      $1,000,000 or more; or

[[Page 126 STAT. 1221]]

                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  that, during a 
                      12-month period, have an aggregate fair market 
                      value of $5,000,000 or more.
                    ``(B) Goods, services, technology, or support 
                described.--Goods, services, technology, or support 
                described in this subparagraph are goods, services, 
                technology, or support that could directly and 
                significantly contribute to the maintenance or 
                enhancement of Iran's--
                          ``(i) ability to develop petroleum resources 
                      located in Iran; or
                          ``(ii) domestic production of refined 
                      petroleum products, including any direct and 
                      significant assistance with respect to the 
                      construction, modernization, or repair of 
                      petroleum refineries or directly associated 
                      infrastructure, including construction of port 
                      facilities, railways, and roads, the primary use 
                      of which is to support the delivery of refined 
                      petroleum products.
            ``(6) Development and purchase of petrochemical products 
        from iran.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
                (f), the President shall impose 5 or more of the 
                sanctions described in section 6(a) with respect to a 
                person if the President determines that the person 
                knowingly, on or after the date of the enactment of the 
                Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 
                2012, sells, leases, or provides to Iran goods, 
                services, technology, or support described in 
                subparagraph (B)--
                          ``(i) any of which has a fair market value of 
                      $250,000 or more; or
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  that, during a 
                      12-month period, have an aggregate fair market 
                      value of $1,000,000 or more.
                    ``(B) Goods, services, technology, or support 
                described.--Goods, services, technology, or support 
                described in this subparagraph are goods, services, 
                technology, or support that could directly and 
                significantly contribute to the maintenance or expansion 
                of Iran's domestic production of petrochemical 
                products.''.
SEC. 202. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO TRANSPORTATION 
                        OF CRUDE OIL FROM IRAN AND EVASION OF 
                        SANCTIONS BY SHIPPING COMPANIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as 
amended by section 201, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(7) Transportation of crude oil from iran.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
                (f), the President shall impose 5 or more of the 
                sanctions described in section 6(a) with respect to a 
                person if the President determines that--
                          ``(i) the person is a controlling beneficial 
                      owner of, or otherwise owns, operates, or 
                      controls, or insures, a vessel that, on or after 
                      the date that is 90 days after the date of the 
                      enactment of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria 
                      Human Rights Act of 2012, was used to transport 
                      crude oil from Iran to another country; and

[[Page 126 STAT. 1222]]

                          ``(ii)(I) in the case of a person that is a 
                      controlling beneficial owner of the vessel, the 
                      person had actual knowledge the vessel was so 
                      used; or
                          ``(II) in the case of a person that otherwise 
                      owns, operates, or controls, or insures, the 
                      vessel, the person knew or should have known the 
                      vessel was so used.
                    ``(B) Applicability of sanctions.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                      clause (ii), subparagraph (A) shall apply with 
                      respect to the transportation of crude oil from 
                      Iran only if a determination of the President 
                      under section 1245(d)(4)(B) of the National 
                      Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 
                      U.S.C. 8513a(d)(4)(B)) that there is a sufficient 
                      supply of petroleum and petroleum products 
                      produced in countries other than Iran to permit 
                      purchasers of petroleum and petroleum products 
                      from Iran to reduce significantly their purchases 
                      from Iran is in effect at the time of the 
                      transportation of the crude oil.
                          ``(ii) Exception for certain countries.--
                      Subparagraph (A) shall not apply with respect to 
                      the transportation of crude oil from Iran to a 
                      country to which the exception under paragraph 
                      (4)(D) of section 1245(d) of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
                      8513a(d)) to the imposition of sanctions under 
                      paragraph (1) of that section applies at the time 
                      of the transportation of the crude oil.
            ``(8) Concealing iranian origin of crude oil and refined 
        petroleum products.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In general.--Except as 
                provided in subsection (f), the President shall impose 5 
                or more of the sanctions described in section 6(a) with 
                respect to a person if the President determines that the 
                person is a controlling beneficial owner, or otherwise 
                owns, operates, or controls, a vessel that, on or after 
                the date that is 90 days after the date of the enactment 
                of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act 
                of 2012, is used, with actual knowledge in the case of a 
                person that is a controlling beneficial owner or 
                knowingly in the case of a person that otherwise owns, 
                operates, or controls the vessel, in a manner that 
                conceals the Iranian origin of crude oil or refined 
                petroleum products transported on the vessel, including 
                by--
                          ``(i) permitting the operator of the vessel to 
                      suspend the operation of the vessel's satellite 
                      tracking device; or
                          ``(ii) obscuring or concealing the ownership, 
                      operation, or control of the vessel by--
                                    ``(I) the Government of Iran;
                                    ``(II) the National Iranian Tanker 
                                Company or the Islamic Republic of Iran 
                                Shipping Lines; or
                                    ``(III) any other entity determined 
                                by the President to be owned or 
                                controlled by the Government of Iran or 
                                an entity specified in subclause (II).
                    ``(B) Additional sanction.--Subject to such 
                regulations as the President may prescribe and in 
                addition to

[[Page 126 STAT. 1223]]

                the sanctions imposed under subparagraph (A), the 
                President may prohibit a vessel owned, operated, or 
                controlled by a person, including a controlling 
                beneficial owner, with respect to which the President 
                has imposed sanctions under that subparagraph and that 
                was used for the activity for which the President 
                imposed those sanctions from landing at a port in the 
                United States for a period of not more than 2 years 
                after the date on which the President imposed those 
                sanctions.
                    ``(C) Vessels identified by the office of foreign 
                assets control.--For purposes of subparagraph (A)(ii), a 
                person shall be deemed to have actual knowledge that a 
                vessel is owned, operated, or controlled by the 
                Government of Iran or an entity specified in subclause 
                (II) or (III) of subparagraph (A)(ii) if the 
                International Maritime Organization vessel registration 
                identification for the vessel is--
                          ``(i) included on a list of specially 
                      designated nationals and blocked persons 
                      maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control 
                      of the Department of the Treasury for activities 
                      with respect to Iran; and
                          ``(ii) identified by the Office of Foreign 
                      Assets Control as a vessel in which the Government 
                      of Iran or any entity specified in subclause (II) 
                      or (III) of subparagraph (A)(ii) has an interest.
                    ``(D) Definition of iranian origin.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A), the term `Iranian origin' means--
                          ``(i) with respect to crude oil, that the 
                      crude oil was extracted in Iran; and
                          ``(ii) with respect to a refined petroleum 
                      product, that the refined petroleum product was 
                      produced or refined in Iran.
            ``(9) Exception for provision of underwriting services and 
        insurance and reinsurance.--The President may not impose 
        sanctions under paragraph (7) or (8) with respect to a person 
        that provides underwriting services or insurance or reinsurance 
        if the President determines that the person has exercised due 
        diligence in establishing and enforcing official policies, 
        procedures, and controls to ensure that the person does not 
        provide underwriting services or insurance or reinsurance for 
        the transportation of crude oil or refined petroleum products 
        from Iran in a manner for which sanctions may be imposed under 
        either such paragraph.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. 50 USC 1701 note.>>  Regulations and 
Guidelines.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the President shall prescribe such regulations or guidelines 
as are necessary to implement paragraphs (7), (8), and (9) of section 
5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as added by this section, 
including such regulations or guidelines as are necessary to implement 
subparagraph (B) of such paragraph (8).
SEC. 203. EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO DEVELOPMENT BY 
                        IRAN OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION.

    (a) In General.--Section 5(b) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
(Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

[[Page 126 STAT. 1224]]

            ``(1) Exports, transfers, and transshipments.--Except as 
        provided in subsection (f), the President shall impose 5 or more 
        of the sanctions described in section 6(a) with respect to a 
        person if the President determines that the person--
                    ``(A) on or after the date of the enactment of the 
                Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 
                2012, exported or transferred, or permitted or otherwise 
                facilitated the transshipment of, any goods, services, 
                technology, or other items to any other person; and
                    ``(B) knew or should have known that--
                          ``(i) the export, transfer, or transshipment 
                      of the goods, services, technology, or other items 
                      would likely result in another person exporting, 
                      transferring, transshipping, or otherwise 
                      providing the goods, services, technology, or 
                      other items to Iran; and
                          ``(ii) the export, transfer, transshipment, or 
                      other provision of the goods, services, 
                      technology, or other items to Iran would 
                      contribute materially to the ability of Iran to--
                                    ``(I) acquire or develop chemical, 
                                biological, or nuclear weapons or 
                                related technologies; or
                                    ``(II) acquire or develop 
                                destabilizing numbers and types of 
                                advanced conventional weapons.
            ``(2) Joint ventures relating to the mining, production, or 
        transportation of uranium.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B) or subsection (f), the President shall 
                impose 5 or more of the sanctions described in section 
                6(a) with respect to a person if the President 
                determines that the person knowingly participated, on or 
                after the date of the enactment of the Iran Threat 
                Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, in a joint 
                venture that involves any activity relating to the 
                mining, production, or transportation of uranium--
                          ``(i)(I) established on or after February 2, 
                      2012; and
                          ``(II) with--
                                    ``(aa) the Government of Iran;
                                    ``(bb) an entity incorporated in 
                                Iran or subject to the jurisdiction of 
                                the Government of Iran; or
                                    ``(cc) a person acting on behalf of 
                                or at the direction of, or owned or 
                                controlled by, the Government of Iran or 
                                an entity described in item (bb); or
                          ``(ii)(I) established before February 2, 2012;
                          ``(II) with the Government of Iran, an entity 
                      described in item (bb) of clause (i)(II), or a 
                      person described in item (cc) of that clause; and
                          ``(III) through which--
                                    ``(aa) uranium is transferred 
                                directly to Iran or indirectly to Iran 
                                through a third country;
                                    ``(bb) the Government of Iran 
                                receives significant revenue; or
                                    ``(cc) Iran could, through a direct 
                                operational role or by other means, 
                                receive technological knowledge or 
                                equipment not previously available to 
                                Iran that could contribute materially to 
                                the

[[Page 126 STAT. 1225]]

                                ability of Iran to develop nuclear 
                                weapons or related technologies.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Applicability of 
                sanctions.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply with 
                respect to participation in a joint venture established 
                before the date of the enactment of the Iran Threat 
                Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 if the 
                person participating in the joint venture terminates 
                that participation not later than the date that is 180 
                days after such date of enactment.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--The Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as 
amended by this section and sections 201 and 202, is further amended--
            (1) in section 5--
                    (A) in paragraph (3) of subsection (b), as 
                redesignated by subsection (a)(1) of this section--
                          (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' each place 
                      it appears and inserting ``paragraph (1) or (2)''; 
                      and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (F)--
                                    (I) by striking ``that paragraph'' 
                                and inserting ``paragraph (1) or (2), as 
                                the case may be''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``the Comprehensive 
                                Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
                                Divestment Act of 2010'' and inserting 
                                ``the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria 
                                Human Rights Act of 2012'';
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                      striking ``subsections (a) and (b)(1)'' and 
                      inserting ``subsection (a) and paragraphs (1) and 
                      (2) of subsection (b)''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                      ``subsection (a) or (b)(1)'' and inserting 
                      ``subsection (a) or paragraph (1) or (2) of 
                      subsection (b)''; and
                    (C) in subsection (f)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                      striking ``subsection (a) or (b)(1)'' and 
                      inserting ``subsection (a) or paragraph (1) or (2) 
                      of subsection (b)''; and
                          (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) 
                      as paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively; and
            (2) in section 9, by striking ``section 5(a) or 5(b)(1)'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``subsection (a) or 
        paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (b) of section 5''.
SEC. 204. EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS AVAILABLE UNDER THE IRAN 
                        SANCTIONS ACT OF 1996.

    (a) In General.--Section 6(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
(Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (12); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following:
            ``(9) Ban on investment in equity or debt of sanctioned 
        person.--The President may, pursuant to such regulations or 
        guidelines as the President may prescribe, prohibit any United 
        States person from investing in or purchasing significant 
        amounts of equity or debt instruments of a sanctioned person.
            ``(10) Exclusion of corporate officers.--The President may 
        direct the Secretary of State to deny a visa to, and the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security to exclude from the United

[[Page 126 STAT. 1226]]

        States, any alien that the President determines is a corporate 
        officer or principal of, or a shareholder with a controlling 
        interest in, a sanctioned person.
            ``(11) Sanctions on principal executive officers.--The 
        President may impose on the principal executive officer or 
        officers of any sanctioned person, or on persons performing 
        similar functions and with similar authorities as such officer 
        or officers, any of the sanctions under this subsection.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability. 50 USC 1701 note.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and apply with respect to activities described in 
subsections (a) and (b) of section 5 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, 
as amended by this title, commenced on or after such date of enactment.
SEC. 205. MODIFICATION OF WAIVER STANDARD UNDER THE IRAN SANCTIONS 
                        ACT OF 1996.

    Section 9(c) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by 
section 203, is further amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
the following:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Authority.--
                    ``(A) Sanctions relating to the energy sector of 
                iran.--The President may waive, on a case-by-case basis 
                and for a period of not more than one year, the 
                requirement in section 5(a) to impose a sanction or 
                sanctions on a person described in section 5(c), and may 
                waive the continued imposition of a sanction or 
                sanctions under subsection (b) of this section, 30 days 
                or more after the President determines and so reports to 
                the appropriate congressional committees that it is 
                essential to the national security interests of the 
                United States to exercise such waiver authority.
                    ``(B) Sanctions relating to development of weapons 
                of mass destruction or other military capabilities.--The 
                President may waive, on a case-by-case basis and for a 
                period of not more than one year, the requirement in 
                paragraph (1) or (2) of section 5(b) to impose a 
                sanction or sanctions on a person described in section 
                5(c), and may waive the continued imposition of a 
                sanction or sanctions under subsection (b) of this 
                section, 30 days or more after the President determines 
                and so reports to the appropriate congressional 
                committees that it is vital to the national security 
                interests of the United States to exercise such waiver 
                authority.
                    ``(C) Renewal of waivers.--The President may renew, 
                on a case-by-case basis, a waiver with respect to a 
                person under subparagraph (A) or (B) for additional one-
                year periods if, not later than 30 days before the 
                waiver expires, the President makes the determination 
                and submits to the appropriate congressional committees 
                the report described in subparagraph (A) or (B), as 
                applicable.''.
SEC. 206. BRIEFINGS ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE IRAN SANCTIONS ACT OF 
                        1996.

    Section 4 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 50 
U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Briefings on Implementation.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Iran Threat 
Reduction and

[[Page 126 STAT. 1227]]

Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, and every 120 days thereafter, the 
President, acting through the Secretary of State, shall provide to the 
appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive briefing on efforts 
to implement this Act.''.
SEC. 207. EXPANSION OF DEFINITIONS UNDER THE IRAN SANCTIONS ACT OF 
                        1996.

    (a) In General.--Section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
(Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (17) and (18) as paragraphs 
        (20) and (21), respectively;
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (15) and (16) as paragraphs 
        (17) and (18), respectively;
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (14) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (15), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Credible information.--The term 
        `credible information', with respect to a person--
                    ``(A) includes--
                          ``(i) a public announcement by the person that 
                      the person has engaged in an activity described in 
                      subsection (a) or (b) of section 5; and
                          ``(ii) information set forth in a report to 
                      stockholders of the person indicating that the 
                      person has engaged in such an activity; and
                    ``(B) may include, in the discretion of the 
                President--
                          ``(i) an announcement by the Government of 
                      Iran that the person has engaged in such an 
                      activity; or
                          ``(ii) information indicating that the person 
                      has engaged in such an activity that is set forth 
                      in--
                                    ``(I) a report of the Government 
                                Accountability Office, the Energy 
                                Information Administration, or the 
                                Congressional Research Service; or
                                    ``(II) a report or publication of a 
                                similarly reputable governmental 
                                organization or trade or industry 
                                organization.'';
            (5) by inserting after paragraph (15), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (3), the following:
            ``(16) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Petrochemical product.--The 
        term `petrochemical product' includes any aromatic, olefin, or 
        synthesis gas, and any derivative of such a gas, including 
        ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, toluene, xylene, 
        ammonia, methanol, and urea.''; and
            (6) by inserting after paragraph (18), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), the following:
            ``(19) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Services.--The term `services' 
        includes software, hardware, financial, professional consulting, 
        engineering, and specialized energy information services, 
        energy-related technical assistance, and maintenance and 
        repairs.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability. 50 USC 1701 note.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and apply with respect to activities described in 
subsections (a) and (b) of section 5 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, 
as amended by this title, commenced on or after such date of enactment.
SEC. 208. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ENERGY SECTOR OF IRAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1228]]

            (1) the energy sector of Iran remains a zone of 
        proliferation concern since the Government of Iran continues to 
        divert substantial revenues derived from sales of petroleum 
        resources to finance its illicit nuclear and missile activities; 
        and
            (2) the President should apply the full range of sanctions 
        under the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by this Act, to 
        address the threat posed by the Government of Iran.

   Subtitle B--Additional Measures Relating to Sanctions Against Iran

SEC. 211. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8721.>>  IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO THE PROVISION OF VESSELS OR 
                        SHIPPING SERVICES TO TRANSPORT CERTAIN 
                        GOODS RELATED TO PROLIFERATION OR 
                        TERRORISM ACTIVITIES TO IRAN.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (c), if the 
President determines that a person, on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, knowingly sells, leases, or provides a vessel or 
provides insurance or reinsurance or any other shipping service for the 
transportation to or from Iran of goods that could materially contribute 
to the activities of the Government of Iran with respect to the 
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or support for acts of 
international terrorism, the President shall, pursuant to Executive 
Order No. 13382 (70 Fed. Reg. 38567; relating to blocking of property of 
weapons of mass destruction proliferators and their supporters) or 
Executive Order No. 13224 (66 Fed. Reg. 49079; relating to blocking 
property and prohibiting transactions with persons who commit, threaten 
to commit, or support terrorism), or otherwise pursuant to the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), 
block and prohibit all transactions in all property and interests in 
property of the persons specified in subsection (b) if such property and 
interests in property are in the United States, come within the United 
States, or are or come within the possession or control of a United 
States person.
    (b) Persons Specified.--The persons specified in this subsection 
are--
            (1) the person that sold, leased, or provided a vessel or 
        provided insurance or reinsurance or another shipping service 
        described in subsection (a); and
            (2) any person that--
                    (A) is a successor entity to the person referred to 
                in paragraph (1);
                    (B) owns or controls the person referred to in 
                paragraph (1), if the person that owns or controls the 
                person referred to in paragraph (1) had actual knowledge 
                or should have known that the person referred to in 
                paragraph (1) sold, leased, or provided the vessel or 
                provided the insurance or reinsurance or other shipping 
                service; or
                    (C) is owned or controlled by, or under common 
                ownership or control with, the person referred to in 
                paragraph (1), if the person owned or controlled by, or 
                under common ownership or control with (as the case may 
                be), the person referred to in paragraph (1) knowingly 
                engaged in the sale, lease, or provision of the vessel 
                or the provision of the insurance or reinsurance or 
                other shipping service.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1229]]

    (c) <<NOTE: Time period. Reports.>>  Waiver.--The President may 
waive the requirement to impose sanctions with respect to a person under 
subsection (a) on or after the date that is 30 days after the 
President--
            (1) determines that such a waiver is vital to the national 
        security interests of the United States; and
            (2) submits to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report that contains the reasons for that determination.

    (d) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, the 
        Secretary of the Treasury, in coordination with the Secretary of 
        State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
        a report identifying operators of vessels and other persons that 
        conduct or facilitate significant financial transactions with 
        persons that manage ports in Iran that have been designated for 
        the imposition of sanctions pursuant to the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
            (2) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
        classified annex.

    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit the authority of the President to designate persons 
for the imposition of sanctions pursuant to Executive Order No. 13382 
(70 Fed. Reg. 38567; relating to the blocking of property of weapons of 
mass destruction proliferators and their supporters) or Executive Order 
No. 13224 (66 Fed. Reg. 49079; relating to blocking property and 
prohibiting transactions with persons who commit, threaten to commit, or 
support terrorism), or otherwise pursuant to the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
SEC. 212. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8722.>>  IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO PROVISION OF UNDERWRITING 
                        SERVICES OR INSURANCE OR REINSURANCE FOR 
                        THE NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY OR THE 
                        NATIONAL IRANIAN TANKER COMPANY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the President shall impose 5 or more of the sanctions 
described in section 6(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended 
by section 204, with respect to a person if the President determines 
that the person knowingly, on or after such date of enactment, provides 
underwriting services or insurance or reinsurance for the National 
Iranian Oil Company, the National Iranian Tanker Company, or a successor 
entity to either such company.

    (b) Exceptions.--
            (1) Underwriters and insurance providers exercising due 
        diligence.--The President is authorized not to impose sanctions 
        under subsection (a) with respect to a person that provides 
        underwriting services or insurance or reinsurance if the 
        President determines that the person has exercised due diligence 
        in establishing and enforcing official policies, procedures, and 
        controls to ensure that the person does not provide underwriting 
        services or insurance or reinsurance for the National Iranian 
        Oil Company, the National Iranian Tanker Company, or a successor 
        entity to either such company.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1230]]

            (2) Food; medicine; humanitarian assistance.--The President 
        may not impose sanctions under subsection (a) for the provision 
        of underwriting services or insurance or reinsurance for any 
        activity relating solely to--
                    (A) the provision of agricultural commodities, food, 
                medicine, or medical devices to Iran; or
                    (B) the provision of humanitarian assistance to the 
                people of Iran.
            (3) Termination period.--The President is authorized not to 
        impose sanctions under subsection (a) with respect to a person 
        if the President receives reliable assurances that the person 
        will terminate the provision of underwriting services or 
        insurance or reinsurance for the National Iranian Oil Company, 
        the National Iranian Tanker Company, and any successor entity to 
        either such company, not later than the date that is 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Agricultural commodity.--The term ``agricultural 
        commodity'' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of 
        the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5602).
            (2) Medical device.--The term ``medical device'' has the 
        meaning given the term ``device'' in section 201 of the Federal 
        Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
            (3) Medicine.--The term ``medicine'' has the meaning given 
        the term ``drug'' in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
        Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).

    (d) Application of Provisions of Iran Sanctions Act of 1996.--The 
following provisions of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by 
this Act, apply with respect to the imposition of sanctions under 
subsection (a) to the same extent that such provisions apply with 
respect to the imposition of sanctions under section 5(a) of the Iran 
Sanctions Act of 1996:
            (1) Subsection (c) of section 4.
            (2) Subsections (c), (d), and (f) of section 5.
            (3) Section 8.
            (4) Section 9.
            (5) Section 11.
            (6) Section 12.
            (7) Subsection (b) of section 13.
            (8) Section 14.

    (e) Rule of Construction and Implementation.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to limit the authority of the President to 
impose sanctions pursuant to the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 
104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note), the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.), the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), 
section 1245 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2012 (22 U.S.C. 8513a), or any other provision of this Act.
SEC. 213. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8723.>>  IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO PURCHASE, SUBSCRIPTION TO, OR 
                        FACILITATION OF THE ISSUANCE OF IRANIAN 
                        SOVEREIGN DEBT.

    (a) In General.--The President shall impose 5 or more of the 
sanctions described in section 6(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, 
as amended by section 204, with respect to a person if the President 
determines that the person knowingly, on or after

[[Page 126 STAT. 1231]]

the date of the enactment of this Act, purchases, subscribes to, or 
facilitates the issuance of--
            (1) sovereign debt of the Government of Iran issued on or 
        after such date of enactment, including governmental bonds; or
            (2) debt of any entity owned or controlled by the Government 
        of Iran issued on or after such date of enactment, including 
        bonds.

    (b) Application of Provisions of Iran Sanctions Act of 1996.--The 
following provisions of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by 
this Act, apply with respect to the imposition of sanctions under 
subsection (a) to the same extent that such provisions apply with 
respect to the imposition of sanctions under section 5(a) of the Iran 
Sanctions Act of 1996:
            (1) Subsection (c) of section 4.
            (2) Subsections (c), (d), and (f) of section 5.
            (3) Section 8.
            (4) Section 9.
            (5) Section 11.
            (6) Section 12.
            (7) Subsection (b) of section 13.
            (8) Section 14.
SEC. 214. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO SUBSIDIARIES AND 
                        AGENTS OF PERSONS SANCTIONED BY UNITED 
                        NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 104(c)(2)(B) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8513(c)(2)(B)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``of a person subject'' and inserting the 
        following: ``of--
                          ``(i) a person subject'';
            (2) in clause (i), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking the semicolon and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) a person acting on behalf of or at the 
                      direction of, or owned or controlled by, a person 
                      described in clause (i);''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. 22 USC 8513 note.>>  Regulations.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of the Treasury shall make such revisions to the regulations prescribed 
under section 104 of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513) as are necessary to carry 
out the amendments made by subsection (a).
SEC. 215. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO TRANSACTIONS 
                        WITH PERSONS SANCTIONED FOR CERTAIN 
                        ACTIVITIES RELATING TO TERRORISM OR 
                        PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS 
                        DESTRUCTION.

    (a) In General.--Section 104(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)) is amended in the matter preceding subclause (I) by 
striking ``financial institution'' and inserting ``person''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. 22 USC 8513 note.>>  Regulations.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of the Treasury shall make such revisions to the regulations prescribed 
under section 104 of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
and

[[Page 126 STAT. 1232]]

Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513) as are necessary to carry out 
the amendment made by subsection (a).
SEC. 216. EXPANSION OF, AND REPORTS ON, MANDATORY SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS THAT 
                        ENGAGE IN CERTAIN ACTIVITIES RELATING TO 
                        IRAN.

    (a) In General.--The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 104 the following:
``SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8513b.>>  104A. EXPANSION OF, AND REPORTS 
                          ON, MANDATORY SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO 
                          FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS THAT ENGAGE IN 
                          CERTAIN ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Regulations. Applicability.>>  In General.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, the Secretary of the 
Treasury shall revise the regulations prescribed under section 104(c)(1) 
to apply to a foreign financial institution described in subsection (b) 
to the same extent and in the same manner as those regulations apply to 
a foreign financial institution that the Secretary of the Treasury finds 
knowingly engages in an activity described in section 104(c)(2).

    ``(b) Foreign Financial Institutions Described.--A foreign financial 
institution described in this subsection is a foreign financial 
institution, including an Iranian financial institution, that the 
Secretary of the Treasury finds--
            ``(1) knowingly facilitates, or participates or assists in, 
        an activity described in section 104(c)(2), including by acting 
        on behalf of, at the direction of, or as an intermediary for, or 
        otherwise assisting, another person with respect to the 
        activity;
            ``(2) attempts or conspires to facilitate or participate in 
        such an activity; or
            ``(3) is owned or controlled by a foreign financial 
        institution that the Secretary finds knowingly engages in such 
        an activity.

    ``(c) Reports Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human 
        Rights Act of 2012, and every 180 days thereafter, the Secretary 
        of the Treasury shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report that contains a detailed description of--
                    ``(A) the effect of the regulations prescribed under 
                section 104(c)(1) on the financial system and economy of 
                Iran and capital flows to and from Iran; and
                    ``(B) the ways in which funds move into and out of 
                financial institutions described in section 
                104(c)(2)(E)(ii), with specific attention to the use of 
                other Iranian financial institutions and other foreign 
                financial institutions to receive and transfer funds for 
                financial institutions described in that section.
            ``(2) Form of report.--Each report submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
        classified annex.

    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Financial institution.--The term `financial 
        institution' means a financial institution specified in 
        subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), (G), (H), (I), (J), 
        (K), (M), (N), (R), or (Y) of section 5312(a)(2) of title 31, 
        United States Code.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1233]]

            ``(2) Foreign financial institution.--The term `foreign 
        financial institution' has the meaning of that term as 
        determined by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to section 
        104(i).
            ``(3) Iranian financial institution.--The term `Iranian 
        financial institution' means--
                    ``(A) a financial institution organized under the 
                laws of Iran or any jurisdiction within Iran, including 
                a foreign branch of such an institution;
                    ``(B) a financial institution located in Iran;
                    ``(C) a financial institution, wherever located, 
                owned or controlled by the Government of Iran; and
                    ``(D) a financial institution, wherever located, 
                owned or controlled by a financial institution described 
                in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C).''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Comprehensive 
Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 104 the following:

``Sec. 104A. Expansion of, and reports on, mandatory sanctions with 
           respect to financial institutions that engage in certain 
           activities.''.

SEC. 217. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8724.>>  CONTINUATION IN EFFECT OF 
                        SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE GOVERNMENT 
                        OF IRAN, THE CENTRAL BANK OF IRAN, AND 
                        SANCTIONS EVADERS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Sanctions Relating to Blocking of Property 
of the Government of Iran and Iranian Financial Institutions.--United 
States sanctions with respect to Iran provided for in Executive Order 
No. 13599 (77 Fed. Reg. 6659), as in effect on the day before the date 
of the enactment of this Act, shall remain in effect until the date that 
is 90 days after the date on which the President submits to the 
appropriate congressional committees the certification described in 
subsection (d).

    (b) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Sanctions Relating to Foreign 
Sanctions Evaders.--United States sanctions with respect to Iran 
provided for in Executive Order No. 13608 (77 Fed. Reg. 26409), as in 
effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, shall 
remain in effect until the date that is 30 days after the date on which 
the President submits to the appropriate congressional committees the 
certification described in section 401(a) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8551(a)).

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Continuation of Sanctions With Respect to 
the Central Bank of Iran.--In addition to the sanctions referred to in 
subsection (a), the President shall continue to apply to the Central 
Bank of Iran sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), including blocking of property and 
restrictions or prohibitions on financial transactions and the 
exportation of property, until the date that is 90 days after the date 
on which the President submits to Congress the certification described 
in subsection (d).

    (d) Certification Described.--
            (1) In general.--The certification described in this 
        subsection is the certification of the President to Congress 
        that the Central Bank of Iran is not--
                    (A) providing financial services in support of, or 
                otherwise facilitating, the ability of Iran to--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1234]]

                          (i) acquire or develop chemical, biological, 
                      or nuclear weapons, or related technologies;
                          (ii) construct, equip, operate, or maintain 
                      nuclear facilities that could aid Iran's effort to 
                      acquire a nuclear capability; or
                          (iii) acquire or develop ballistic missiles, 
                      cruise missiles, or destabilizing types and 
                      amounts of conventional weapons; or
                    (B) facilitating transactions or providing financial 
                services for--
                          (i) Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps; or
                          (ii) financial institutions the property or 
                      interests in property of which are blocked 
                      pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
                      Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) in connection 
                      with--
                                    (I) Iran's proliferation of weapons 
                                of mass destruction or delivery systems 
                                for weapons of mass destruction; or
                                    (II) Iran's support for 
                                international terrorism.
            (2) Submission to congress.--
                    (A) In general.--The President shall submit the 
                certification described in paragraph (1) to the 
                appropriate congressional committees in writing and 
                shall include a justification for the certification.
                    (B) Form of certification.--The certification 
                described in paragraph (1) shall be submitted in 
                unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.

    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit the authority of the President pursuant to the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) or 
the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.).
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8725.>>  218. LIABILITY OF PARENT COMPANIES 
                        FOR VIOLATIONS OF SANCTIONS BY FOREIGN 
                        SUBSIDIARIES.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Entity.--The term ``entity'' means a partnership, 
        association, trust, joint venture, corporation, or other 
        organization.
            (2) Own or control.--The term ``own or control'' means, with 
        respect to an entity--
                    (A) to hold more than 50 percent of the equity 
                interest by vote or value in the entity;
                    (B) to hold a majority of seats on the board of 
                directors of the entity; or
                    (C) to otherwise control the actions, policies, or 
                personnel decisions of the entity.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Prohibition.--Not later than 60 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall prohibit an 
entity owned or controlled by a United States person and established or 
maintained outside the United States from knowingly engaging in any 
transaction directly or indirectly with the Government of Iran or any 
person subject to the jurisdiction of the Government of Iran that would 
be prohibited by an order or regulation issued pursuant to the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) if 
the transaction were engaged in by a United States person or in the 
United States.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1235]]

    (c) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Civil Penalty.--The civil penalties 
provided for in section 206(b) of the International Emergency Economic 
Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705(b)) shall apply to a United States person to 
the same extent that such penalties apply to a person that commits an 
unlawful act described in section 206(a) of that Act if an entity owned 
or controlled by the United States person and established or maintained 
outside the United States violates, attempts to violate, conspires to 
violate, or causes a violation of any order or regulation issued to 
implement subsection (b).

    (d) Applicability.--Subsection (c) shall not apply with respect to a 
transaction described in subsection (b) by an entity owned or controlled 
by a United States person and established or maintained outside the 
United States if the United States person divests or terminates its 
business with the entity not later than the date that is 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 219. DISCLOSURES TO THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION 
                        RELATING TO SANCTIONABLE ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 
(15 U.S.C. 78m) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(r) Disclosure of Certain Activities Relating to Iran.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each issuer required to file an annual or 
        quarterly report under subsection (a) shall disclose in that 
        report the information required by paragraph (2) if, during the 
        period covered by the report, the issuer or any affiliate of the 
        issuer--
                    ``(A) knowingly engaged in an activity described in 
                subsection (a) or (b) of section 5 of the Iran Sanctions 
                Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note);
                    ``(B) knowingly engaged in an activity described in 
                subsection (c)(2) of section 104 of the Comprehensive 
                Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
                2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513) or a transaction described in 
                subsection (d)(1) of that section;
                    ``(C) knowingly engaged in an activity described in 
                section 105A(b)(2) of that Act; or
                    ``(D) knowingly conducted any transaction or dealing 
                with--
                          ``(i) any person the property and interests in 
                      property of which are blocked pursuant to 
                      Executive Order No. 13224 (66 Fed. Reg. 49079; 
                      relating to blocking property and prohibiting 
                      transactions with persons who commit, threaten to 
                      commit, or support terrorism);
                          ``(ii) any person the property and interests 
                      in property of which are blocked pursuant to 
                      Executive Order No. 13382 (70 Fed. Reg. 38567; 
                      relating to blocking of property of weapons of 
                      mass destruction proliferators and their 
                      supporters); or
                          ``(iii) any person or entity identified under 
                      section 560.304 of title 31, Code of Federal 
                      Regulations (relating to the definition of the 
                      Government of Iran) without the specific 
                      authorization of a Federal department or agency.
            ``(2) Information required.--If an issuer or an affiliate of 
        the issuer has engaged in any activity described in paragraph

[[Page 126 STAT. 1236]]

        (1), the issuer shall disclose a detailed description of each 
        such activity, including--
                    ``(A) the nature and extent of the activity;
                    ``(B) the gross revenues and net profits, if any, 
                attributable to the activity; and
                    ``(C) whether the issuer or the affiliate of the 
                issuer (as the case may be) intends to continue the 
                activity.
            ``(3) Notice of disclosures.--If an issuer reports under 
        paragraph (1) that the issuer or an affiliate of the issuer has 
        knowingly engaged in any activity described in that paragraph, 
        the issuer shall separately file with the Commission, 
        concurrently with the annual or quarterly report under 
        subsection (a), a notice that the disclosure of that activity 
        has been included in that annual or quarterly report that 
        identifies the issuer and contains the information required by 
        paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Public disclosure of information.--Upon receiving a 
        notice under paragraph (3) that an annual or quarterly report 
        includes a disclosure of an activity described in paragraph (1), 
        the Commission shall promptly--
                    ``(A) transmit the report to--
                          ``(i) the President;
                          ``(ii) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and 
                      the Committee on Financial Services of the House 
                      of Representatives; and
                          ``(iii) the Committee on Foreign Relations and 
                      the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                      Affairs of the Senate; and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Web posting.>>  make the information 
                provided in the disclosure and the notice available to 
                the public by posting the information on the Internet 
                website of the Commission.
            ``(5) Investigations.--Upon receiving a report under 
        paragraph (4) that includes a disclosure of an activity 
        described in paragraph (1) (other than an activity described in 
        subparagraph (D)(iii) of that paragraph), the President shall--
                    ``(A) initiate an investigation into the possible 
                imposition of sanctions under the Iran Sanctions Act of 
                1996 (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note), section 
                104 or 105A of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
                Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, an Executive 
                order specified in clause (i) or (ii) of paragraph 
                (1)(D), or any other provision of law relating to the 
                imposition of sanctions with respect to Iran, as 
                applicable; and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  not later than 180 days 
                after initiating such an investigation, make a 
                determination with respect to whether sanctions should 
                be imposed with respect to the issuer or the affiliate 
                of the issuer (as the case may be).
            ``(6) Sunset.--The provisions of this subsection shall 
        terminate on the date that is 30 days after the date on which 
        the President makes the certification described in section 
        401(a) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
        Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8551(a)).''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 15 USC 78m note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect with respect to reports required to 
be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission after the date that 
is 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1237]]

SEC. 220. REPORTS ON, AND AUTHORIZATION OF IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS 
                        WITH RESPECT TO, THE PROVISION OF 
                        SPECIALIZED FINANCIAL MESSAGING SERVICES 
                        TO THE CENTRAL BANK OF IRAN AND OTHER 
                        SANCTIONED IRANIAN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 22 USC 8726.>>  Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of 
Congress that--
            (1) providers of specialized financial messaging services 
        are a critical link to the international financial system;
            (2) the European Union is to be commended for strengthening 
        the multilateral sanctions regime against Iran by deciding that 
        specialized financial messaging services may not be provided to 
        the Central Bank of Iran and other sanctioned Iranian financial 
        institutions by persons subject to the jurisdiction of the 
        European Union; and
            (3) the loss of access by sanctioned Iranian financial 
        institutions to specialized financial messaging services must be 
        maintained.

    (b) Reports Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, the 
        Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report that contains--
                    (A) a list of all persons that the Secretary has 
                identified that directly provide specialized financial 
                messaging services to, or enable or facilitate direct or 
                indirect access to such messaging services for, the 
                Central Bank of Iran or a financial institution 
                described in section 104(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the 
                Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
                Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)); 
                and
                    (B) a detailed assessment of the status of efforts 
                by the Secretary to end the direct provision of such 
                messaging services to, and the enabling or facilitation 
                of direct or indirect access to such messaging services 
                for, the Central Bank of Iran or a financial institution 
                described in that section.
            (2) Enabling or facilitation of access to specialized 
        financial messaging services through intermediary financial 
        institutions.--For purposes of paragraph (1) and subsection (c), 
        enabling or facilitating direct or indirect access to 
        specialized financial messaging services for the Central Bank of 
        Iran or a financial institution described in section 
        104(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)) includes doing so by serving as an 
        intermediary financial institution with access to such messaging 
        services.
            (3) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
        classified annex.

    (c) Authorization of Imposition of Sanctions.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), if, on 
        or after the date that is 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, a person continues to knowingly and 
        directly provide specialized financial messaging services to, or 
        knowingly enable or facilitate direct or indirect access to such 
        messaging services for, the Central Bank of Iran or a financial 
        institution described in paragraph (2)(E)(ii) of section 104(c) 
        of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and

[[Page 126 STAT. 1238]]

        Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(c)), the President may 
        impose sanctions pursuant to that section or the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) with 
        respect to the person.
            (2) Exception.--The President may not impose sanctions 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) with respect to a person for directly 
        providing specialized financial messaging services to, or 
        enabling or facilitating direct or indirect access to such 
        messaging services for, the Central Bank of Iran or a financial 
        institution described in section 104(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act 
        of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)) if--
                    (A) the person is subject to a sanctions regime 
                under its governing foreign law that requires it to 
                eliminate the knowing provision of such messaging 
                services to, and the knowing enabling and facilitation 
                of direct or indirect access to such messaging services 
                for--
                          (i) the Central Bank of Iran; and
                          (ii) a group of Iranian financial institutions 
                      identified under such governing foreign law for 
                      purposes of that sanctions regime if the President 
                      determines that--
                                    (I) the group is substantially 
                                similar to the group of financial 
                                institutions described in section 
                                104(c)(2)(E)(ii) of the Comprehensive 
                                Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
                                Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
                                8513(c)(2)(E)(ii)); and
                                    (II) the differences between those 
                                groups of financial institutions do not 
                                adversely affect the national interest 
                                of the United States; and
                    (B) the person has, pursuant to that sanctions 
                regime, terminated the knowing provision of such 
                messaging services to, and the knowing enabling and 
                facilitation of direct or indirect access to such 
                messaging services for, the Central Bank of Iran and 
                each Iranian financial institution identified under such 
                governing foreign law for purposes of that sanctions 
                regime.

    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit the authority of the President pursuant to the 
International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) or 
the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.).
SEC. 221. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8727.>>  IDENTIFICATION OF, AND 
                        IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS ON, SENIOR 
                        OFFICIALS OF THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAN AND 
                        THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Publication. Lists.>>  Identification.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
annually thereafter, the President shall publish a list of each 
individual the President determines is--
            (1) a senior official of the Government of Iran described in 
        subsection (b) that is involved in Iran's--
                    (A) illicit nuclear activities or proliferation of 
                weapons of mass destruction or delivery systems for 
                weapons of mass destruction;
                    (B) support for international terrorism; or

[[Page 126 STAT. 1239]]

                    (C) commission of serious human rights abuses 
                against citizens of Iran or their family members; or
            (2) a family member of such an official.

    (b) Senior Officials of the Government of Iran Described.--A senior 
official of the Government of Iran described in this subsection is any 
senior official of that Government, including--
            (1) the Supreme Leader of Iran;
            (2) the President of Iran;
            (3) a member of the Cabinet of the Government of Iran;
            (4) a member of the Assembly of Experts;
            (5) a senior member of the Intelligence Ministry of Iran; or
            (6) a senior member of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps, 
        including a senior member of a paramilitary organization such as 
        Ansar-e-Hezbollah or Basij-e Motaz'afin.

    (c) Exclusion From United States.--Except as provided in subsection 
(d), the Secretary of State shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of 
Homeland Security shall exclude from the United States, any alien who is 
on the list required by subsection (a).
    (d) Exception To Comply With United Nations Headquarters 
Agreement.--Subsection (c) shall not apply to an individual if admitting 
the individual to the United States is necessary to permit the United 
States to comply with the Agreement between the United Nations and the 
United States of America regarding the Headquarters of the United 
Nations, signed June 26, 1947, and entered into force November 21, 1947, 
and other applicable international obligations.
    (e) Waiver.--The President may waive the application of subsection 
(a) or (c) with respect to an individual if the President--
            (1) determines that such a waiver is essential to the 
        national interests of the United States; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Notification.>>  not less than 7 days 
        before the waiver takes effect, notifies Congress of the waiver 
        and the reason for the waiver.
SEC. 222. SENSE OF CONGRESS AND RULE OF CONSTRUCTION RELATING TO 
                        CERTAIN AUTHORITIES OF STATE AND LOCAL 
                        GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States should support actions by States or local governments that are 
within their authority, including determining how investment assets are 
valued for purposes of safety and soundness of financial institutions 
and insurers, that are consistent with and in furtherance of the 
purposes of this Act and other Acts that are amended by this Act.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Section 202 of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8532) 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act or any other 
provision of law authorizing sanctions with respect to Iran shall be 
construed to abridge the authority of a State to issue and enforce rules 
governing the safety, soundness, and solvency of a financial institution 
subject to its jurisdiction or the business of insurance pursuant to the 
Act of March 9, 1945 (15 U.S.C. 1011 et seq.) (commonly known as the 
`McCarran-Ferguson Act').''.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1240]]

SEC. 223. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT ON FOREIGN 
                        ENTITIES THAT INVEST IN THE ENERGY SECTOR 
                        OF IRAN OR EXPORT REFINED PETROLEUM 
                        PRODUCTS TO IRAN.

    (a) Initial Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
        a report--
                    (A) listing all foreign investors in the energy 
                sector of Iran during the period specified in paragraph 
                (2), including--
                          (i) entities that exported gasoline and other 
                      refined petroleum products to Iran;
                          (ii) entities involved in providing refined 
                      petroleum products to Iran, including--
                                    (I) entities that provided ships to 
                                transport refined petroleum products to 
                                Iran; and
                                    (II) entities that provided 
                                insurance or reinsurance for shipments 
                                of refined petroleum products to Iran; 
                                and
                          (iii) entities involved in commercial 
                      transactions of any kind, including joint ventures 
                      anywhere in the world, with Iranian energy 
                      companies; and
                    (B) identifying the countries in which gasoline and 
                other refined petroleum products exported to Iran during 
                the period specified in paragraph (2) were produced or 
                refined.
            (2) Period specified.--The period specified in this 
        paragraph is the period beginning on January 1, 2009, and ending 
        on the date that is 150 days after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.

    (b) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Updated Report.--Not later than one year 
after submitting the report required by subsection (a), the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report containing the matters required in the 
report under subsection (a)(1) for the one-year period beginning on the 
date that is 30 days before the date on which the preceding report was 
required to be submitted by this section.
SEC. 224. REPORTING ON THE IMPORTATION TO AND EXPORTATION FROM 
                        IRAN OF CRUDE OIL AND REFINED PETROLEUM 
                        PRODUCTS.

    Section 110(b) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8518(b)) is amended by striking 
``a report containing the matters'' and all that follows through the 
period at the end and inserting the following: ``a report, covering the 
180-day period beginning on the date that is 30 days before the date on 
which the preceding report was required to be submitted by this section, 
that--
            ``(1) contains the matters required in the report under 
        subsection (a)(1); and
            ``(2) identifies--
                    ``(A) the volume of crude oil and refined petroleum 
                products imported to and exported from Iran (including 
                through swaps and similar arrangements);

[[Page 126 STAT. 1241]]

                    ``(B) the persons selling and transporting crude oil 
                and refined petroleum products described in subparagraph 
                (A), the countries with primary jurisdiction over those 
                persons, and the countries in which those products were 
                refined;
                    ``(C) the sources of financing for imports to Iran 
                of crude oil and refined petroleum products described in 
                subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(D) the involvement of foreign persons in efforts 
                to assist Iran in--
                          ``(i) developing upstream oil and gas 
                      production capacity;
                          ``(ii) importing advanced technology to 
                      upgrade existing Iranian refineries;
                          ``(iii) converting existing chemical plants to 
                      petroleum refineries; or
                          ``(iv) maintaining, upgrading, or expanding 
                      existing refineries or constructing new 
                      refineries.''.

TITLE III <<NOTE: President. Determinations.>> --SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT 
TO IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS

Subtitle A--Identification of, and Sanctions With Respect to, Officials, 
 Agents, Affiliates, and Supporters of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps 
                      and Other Sanctioned Persons

SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8741.>>  301. IDENTIFICATION OF, AND 
                        IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO, 
                        OFFICIALS, AGENTS, AND AFFILIATES OF 
                        IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and as appropriate thereafter, 
the President shall--
            (1) identify foreign persons that are officials, agents, or 
        affiliates of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps; and
            (2) for each foreign person identified under paragraph (1) 
        that is not already designated for the imposition of sanctions 
        pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
        U.S.C. 1701 et seq.)--
                    (A) designate that foreign person for the imposition 
                of sanctions pursuant to that Act; and
                    (B) block and prohibit all transactions in all 
                property and interests in property of that foreign 
                person if such property and interests in property are in 
                the United States, come within the United States, or are 
                or come within the possession or control of a United 
                States person.

    (b) Priority for Investigation.--In identifying foreign persons 
pursuant to subsection (a)(1) as officials, agents, or affiliates of 
Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps, the President shall give priority to 
investigating--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1242]]

            (1) foreign persons or entities identified under section 
        560.304 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to 
        the definition of the Government of Iran); and
            (2) foreign persons for which there is a reasonable basis to 
        find that the person has conducted or attempted to conduct one 
        or more sensitive transactions or activities described in 
        subsection (c).

    (c) Sensitive Transactions and Activities Described.--A sensitive 
transaction or activity described in this subsection is--
            (1) a financial transaction or series of transactions valued 
        at more than $1,000,000 in the aggregate in any 12-month period 
        involving a non-Iranian financial institution;
            (2) a transaction to facilitate the manufacture, 
        importation, exportation, or transfer of items needed for the 
        development by Iran of nuclear, chemical, biological, or 
        advanced conventional weapons, including ballistic missiles;
            (3) a transaction relating to the manufacture, procurement, 
        or sale of goods, services, and technology relating to Iran's 
        energy sector, including a transaction relating to the 
        development of the energy resources of Iran, the exportation of 
        petroleum products from Iran, the importation of refined 
        petroleum to Iran, or the development of refining capacity 
        available to Iran;
            (4) a transaction relating to the manufacture, procurement, 
        or sale of goods, services, and technology relating to Iran's 
        petrochemical sector; or
            (5) a transaction relating to the procurement of sensitive 
        technologies (as defined in section 106(c) of the Comprehensive 
        Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 
        U.S.C. 8515(c))).

    (d) Exclusion From United States.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of 
        State shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security shall exclude from the United States, any alien who, on 
        or after the date of the enactment of this Act, is a foreign 
        person designated pursuant to subsection (a) for the imposition 
        of sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency Economic 
        Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
            (2) Regulatory exceptions to comply with international 
        obligations.--The requirement to deny visas to and exclude 
        aliens from the United States pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be 
        subject to such regulations as the President may prescribe, 
        including regulatory exceptions to permit the United States to 
        comply with the Agreement between the United Nations and the 
        United States of America regarding the Headquarters of the 
        United Nations, signed June 26, 1947, and entered into force 
        November 21, 1947, and other applicable international 
        obligations.

    (e) Waiver of Imposition of Sanctions.--
            (1) In general.--The President may waive the application of 
        subsection (a) or (d) with respect to a foreign person if the 
        President--
                    (A) determines that it is vital to the national 
                security interests of the United States to do so; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  submits to the appropriate 
                congressional committees a report that--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1243]]

                          (i) identifies the foreign person with respect 
                      to which the waiver applies; and
                          (ii) sets forth the reasons for the 
                      determination.
            (2) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph 
        (1)(B) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
        classified annex.

    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to remove any sanction of the United States in force with 
respect to Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8742.>>  302. IDENTIFICATION OF, AND 
                        IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO, 
                        PERSONS THAT SUPPORT OR CONDUCT CERTAIN 
                        TRANSACTIONS WITH IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY 
                        GUARD CORPS OR OTHER SANCTIONED PERSONS.

    (a) Identification.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  In general.--Not later than 90 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 
        days thereafter, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report identifying foreign persons 
        that the President determines, on or after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, knowingly--
                    (A) materially assist, sponsor, or provide 
                financial, material, or technological support for, or 
                goods or services in support of, Iran's Revolutionary 
                Guard Corps or any of its officials, agents, or 
                affiliates the property and interests in property of 
                which are blocked pursuant to the International 
                Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.);
                    (B) engage in a significant transaction or 
                transactions with Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps or 
                any of its officials, agents, or affiliates--
                          (i) the property and interests in property of 
                      which are blocked pursuant to that Act; or
                          (ii) that are identified under section 
                      301(a)(1) or pursuant to paragraph (4)(A) of 
                      section 104(c) of the Comprehensive Iran 
                      Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
                      2010, as added by section 312; or
                    (C) engage in a significant transaction or 
                transactions with--
                          (i) a person subject to financial sanctions 
                      pursuant to United Nations Security Council 
                      Resolution 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008), 
                      or 1929 (2010), or any other resolution that is 
                      adopted by the Security Council and imposes 
                      sanctions with respect to Iran or modifies such 
                      sanctions; or
                          (ii) a person acting on behalf of or at the 
                      direction of, or owned or controlled by, a person 
                      described in clause (i).
            (2) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
        classified annex.
            (3) Barter transactions.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the 
        term ``transaction'' includes a barter transaction.

    (b) Imposition of Sanctions.--If the President determines under 
subsection (a)(1) that a foreign person has knowingly engaged in an 
activity described in that subsection, the President--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1244]]

            (1) shall impose 5 or more of the sanctions described in 
        section 6(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by 
        section 204; and
            (2) may impose additional sanctions pursuant to the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
        seq.) with respect to the person.

    (c) Termination.--The President may terminate a sanction imposed 
with respect to a foreign person pursuant to subsection (b) if the 
President determines that the person--
            (1) no longer engages in the activity for which the sanction 
        was imposed; and
            (2) has provided assurances to the President that the person 
        will not engage in any activity described in subsection (a)(1) 
        in the future.

    (d) Waiver of Imposition of Sanctions.--
            (1) In general.--The President may waive the imposition of 
        sanctions under subsection (b) with respect to a foreign person 
        if the President--
                    (A)(i) determines that the person has ceased the 
                activity for which sanctions would otherwise be imposed 
                and has taken measures to prevent a recurrence of the 
                activity; or
                    (ii) determines that it is essential to the national 
                security interests of the United States to do so; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  submits to the appropriate 
                congressional committees a report that--
                          (i) identifies the foreign person with respect 
                      to which the waiver applies;
                          (ii) describes the activity that would 
                      otherwise subject the foreign person to the 
                      imposition of sanctions under subsection (b); and
                          (iii) sets forth the reasons for the 
                      determination.
            (2) Form of report.--A report submitted under paragraph 
        (1)(B) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
        classified annex.

    (e) Waiver of Identifications and Designations.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of this subtitle and subject to paragraph (2), the 
President shall not be required to make any identification of a foreign 
person under subsection (a) or any identification or designation of a 
foreign person under section 301(a) if the President--
            (1) determines that doing so would cause damage to the 
        national security of the United States; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  notifies the appropriate 
        congressional committees of the exercise of the authority 
        provided under this subsection.

    (f) Application of Provisions of Iran Sanctions Act of 1996.--The 
following provisions of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as amended by 
this Act, apply with respect to the imposition under subsection (b)(1) 
of sanctions relating to activities described in subsection (a)(1) to 
the same extent that such provisions apply with respect to the 
imposition of sanctions under section 5(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 
1996:
            (1) Subsections (c) and (e) of section 4.
            (2) Subsections (c), (d), and (f) of section 5.
            (3) Section 8.
            (4) Section 9.
            (5) Section 11.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1245]]

            (6) Section 12.
            (7) Subsection (b) of section 13.
            (8) Section 14.
SEC. 303. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8743.>>  IDENTIFICATION OF, AND 
                        IMPOSITION OF MEASURES WITH RESPECT TO, 
                        FOREIGN GOVERNMENT AGENCIES CARRYING OUT 
                        ACTIVITIES OR TRANSACTIONS WITH CERTAIN 
                        IRAN-AFFILIATED PERSONS.

    (a) Identification.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadlines. Reports.>>  In general.--Not later 
        than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
        every 180 days thereafter, the President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report that identifies 
        each agency of the government of a foreign country (other than 
        Iran) that the President determines knowingly and materially 
        assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or 
        technological support for, or goods or services in support of, 
        or knowingly and materially engaged in a significant transaction 
        with, any person described in paragraph (2).
            (2) Person described.--A person described in this paragraph 
        is--
                    (A) a foreign person that is an official, agent, or 
                affiliate of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps that is 
                designated for the imposition of sanctions pursuant to 
                the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
                U.S.C. 1701 et seq.);
                    (B) a foreign person that is designated and subject 
                to financial sanctions pursuant to--
                          (i) the Annex of United Nations Security 
                      Council Resolution 1737 (2006);
                          (ii) Annex I of United Nations Security 
                      Council Resolution 1747 (2007);
                          (iii) Annex I, II, or III of United Nations 
                      Security Council Resolution 1803 (2008);
                          (iv) Annex I, II, or III of United Nations 
                      Security Council Resolution 1929 (2010); or
                          (v) any subsequent and related United Nations 
                      Security Council resolution, or any annex thereto, 
                      that imposes new sanctions with respect to Iran or 
                      modifies existing sanctions with respect to Iran; 
                      or
                    (C) a foreign person that the agency knows is acting 
                on behalf of or at the direction of, or owned or 
                controlled by, a person described in subparagraph (A) or 
                (B).
            (3) Form of report.--Each report submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
        classified annex.

    (b) Imposition of Measures.--
            (1) In general.--The President may impose any of the 
        following measures with respect to an agency identified pursuant 
        to subsection (a) if the President determines that the 
        assistance, exports, or other support to be prohibited by reason 
        of the imposition of the measures have contributed and would 
        otherwise directly or indirectly contribute to the agency's 
        capability to continue the activities or transactions for which 
        the agency has been identified pursuant to subsection (a):
                    (A) No assistance may be provided to the agency 
                under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151 
                et

[[Page 126 STAT. 1246]]

                seq.) or the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et 
                seq.) other than humanitarian assistance or the 
                provision of food or other agricultural commodities.
                    (B) No sales of any defense articles, defense 
                services, or design and construction services under the 
                Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) may be 
                made to the agency.
                    (C) No licenses for export of any item on the United 
                States Munitions List that include the agency as a party 
                to the license may be granted.
                    (D) No exports may be permitted to the agency of any 
                goods or technologies controlled for national security 
                reasons under the Export Administration Regulations, 
                except that such prohibition shall not apply to any 
                transaction subject to the reporting requirements of 
                title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
                413 et seq.; relating to congressional oversight of 
                intelligence activities).
                    (E) The United States shall oppose any loan or 
                financial or technical assistance to the agency by 
                international financial institutions in accordance with 
                section 701 of the International Financial Institutions 
                Act (22 U.S.C. 262d).
                    (F) The United States shall deny to the agency any 
                credit or financial assistance by any department, 
                agency, or instrumentality of the United States 
                Government, except that this paragraph shall not apply--
                          (i) to any transaction subject to the 
                      reporting requirements of title V of the National 
                      Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 413 et seq.; 
                      relating to congressional oversight of 
                      intelligence activities);
                          (ii) to the provision of medicines, medical 
                      equipment, and humanitarian assistance; or
                          (iii) to any credit, credit guarantee, or 
                      financial assistance provided by the Department of 
                      Agriculture to support the purchase of food or 
                      other agricultural commodities.
                    (G) Additional restrictions as may be imposed 
                pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers 
                Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).
            (2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed to impose measures with respect to programs under 
        section 1501 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 1997 (50 U.S.C. 2632 note) and programs under the 
        Atomic Energy Defense Act (50 U.S.C. 2501 et seq.).

    (c) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Termination.--The President may 
terminate any measures imposed with respect to an agency pursuant to 
subsection (b) if the President determines and notifies the appropriate 
congressional committees that--
            (1)(A) a person described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
        subsection (a)(2) with respect to which the agency is carrying 
        out activities or transactions is no longer designated pursuant 
        to subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (a)(2); or
            (B) any person described in subparagraph (C) of subsection 
        (a)(2) with respect to which the agency is carrying out 
        activities or transactions is no longer acting on behalf of or 
        at the direction of, or owned or controlled by, any person 
        described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (a)(2);

[[Page 126 STAT. 1247]]

            (2) the agency is no longer carrying out activities or 
        transactions for which the measures were imposed and has 
        provided assurances to the United States Government that the 
        agency will not carry out the activities or transactions in the 
        future; or
            (3) it is essential to the national security interest of the 
        United States to terminate such measures.

    (d) Waiver.--If the President does not impose one or more measures 
described in subsection (b) with respect to an agency identified in the 
report required by subsection (a), the President shall include in the 
subsequent report an explanation as to why the President did not impose 
such measures.
    (e) Definition.--In this section, the term ``appropriate 
congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
        on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on 
        Finance, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; 
        and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
        on Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives.

    (f) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Effective Date.--This section shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with 
respect to activities and transactions described in subsection (a) that 
are carried out on or after the later of--
            (1) the date that is 45 days after such date of enactment; 
        or
            (2) the date that is 45 days after a person is designated as 
        described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (a)(2).
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8744.>>  304. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to limit the authority 
of the President to designate foreign persons for the imposition of 
sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
(50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).

 Subtitle B--Additional Measures Relating to Iran's Revolutionary Guard 
                                  Corps

SEC. 311. EXPANSION OF PROCUREMENT PROHIBITION TO FOREIGN PERSONS 
                        THAT ENGAGE IN CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS WITH 
                        IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Section 6(b)(1) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
(Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than 90 days'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Certifications relating to activities 
                described in section 5.--Not later than 90 days''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Certifications relating to transactions with 
                iran's revolutionary guard corps.--
                Not <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  later than 120 days after the 
                date of the enactment of the Iran Threat

[[Page 126 STAT. 1248]]

                Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, the 
                Federal Acquisition Regulation shall be revised to 
                require a certification from each person that is a 
                prospective contractor that the person, and any person 
                owned or controlled by the person, does not knowingly 
                engage in a significant transaction or transactions with 
                Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps or any of its 
                officials, agents, or affiliates the property and 
                interests in property of which are blocked pursuant to 
                the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
                U.S.C. 1701 et seq.).''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 6(b) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, as 
        amended by subsection (a), is further amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), as 
                designated by subsection (a)(1), by striking ``issued 
                pursuant to section 25 of the Office of Federal 
                Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 421)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``the revision'' and 
                                inserting ``the applicable revision''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``not more than 3 
                                years'' and inserting ``not less than 2 
                                years''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``issued 
                      pursuant to section 25 of the Office of Federal 
                      Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 421)'';
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``in the national 
                interest'' and inserting ``essential to the national 
                security interests'';
                    (D) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Executive agency.--The term `executive agency' 
                has the meaning given that term in section 133 of title 
                41, United States Code.
                    ``(B) Federal acquisition regulation.--The term 
                `Federal Acquisition Regulation' means the regulation 
                issued pursuant to section 1303(a)(1) of title 41, 
                United States Code.''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (7)--
                          (i) by striking ``The revisions to the Federal 
                      Acquisition Regulation required under paragraph 
                      (1)'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Certifications relating to activities 
                described in section 5.--The revisions to the Federal 
                Acquisition Regulation required under paragraph 
                (1)(A)''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Applicability. Effective date.>>  
                Certifications relating to transactions with iran's 
                revolutionary guard corps.--The revisions to the Federal 
                Acquisition Regulation required under paragraph (1)(B) 
                shall apply with respect to contracts for which 
                solicitations are issued on or after the date that is 
                120 days after the date of the enactment of the Iran 
                Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012.''.
            (2) Section 101(3) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8511(3))

[[Page 126 STAT. 1249]]

        is amended by striking ``section 4 of the Office of Federal 
        Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)'' and inserting ``section 
        133 of title 41, United States Code''.
SEC. 312. DETERMINATIONS OF WHETHER THE NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL 
                        COMPANY AND THE NATIONAL IRANIAN TANKER 
                        COMPANY ARE AGENTS OR AFFILIATES OF IRAN'S 
                        REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
National Iranian Oil Company and the National Iranian Tanker Company are 
not only owned and controlled by the Government of Iran but that those 
companies provide significant support to Iran's Revolutionary Guard 
Corps and its affiliates.
    (b) Determinations.--Section 104(c) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8513(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Determinations regarding nioc and nitc.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Determinations.--For 
                purposes of paragraph (2)(E), the Secretary of the 
                Treasury shall, not later than 45 days after the date of 
                the enactment of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria 
                Human Rights Act of 2012--
                          ``(i) determine whether the NIOC or the NITC 
                      is an agent or affiliate of Iran's Revolutionary 
                      Guard Corps; and
                          ``(ii) submit to the appropriate congressional 
                      committees a report on the determinations made 
                      under clause (i), together with the reasons for 
                      those determinations.
                    ``(B) Form of report.--A report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be submitted in unclassified 
                form but may contain a classified annex.
                    ``(C) Applicability with respect to petroleum 
                transactions.--
                          ``(i) Application of sanctions.--Except as 
                      provided in clause (ii), if the Secretary of the 
                      Treasury determines that the NIOC or the NITC is a 
                      person described in clause (i) or (ii) of 
                      paragraph (2)(E), the regulations prescribed under 
                      paragraph (1) shall apply with respect to a 
                      significant transaction or transactions or 
                      significant financial services knowingly 
                      facilitated or provided by a foreign financial 
                      institution for the NIOC or the NITC, as 
                      applicable, for the purchase of petroleum or 
                      petroleum products from Iran, only if a 
                      determination of the President under section 
                      1245(d)(4)(B) of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
                      8513a(d)(4)(B)) that there is a sufficient supply 
                      of petroleum and petroleum products produced in 
                      countries other than Iran to permit purchasers of 
                      petroleum and petroleum products from Iran to 
                      reduce significantly their purchases from Iran is 
                      in effect at the time of the transaction or the 
                      provision of the service.
                          ``(ii) Exception for certain countries.--If 
                      the Secretary of the Treasury determines that the 
                      NIOC or the NITC is a person described in clause 
                      (i) or (ii) of paragraph (2)(E), the regulations 
                      prescribed under paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
                      a significant

[[Page 126 STAT. 1250]]

                      transaction or transactions or significant 
                      financial services knowingly facilitated or 
                      provided by a foreign financial institution for 
                      the NIOC or the NITC, as applicable, for the 
                      purchase of petroleum or petroleum products from 
                      Iran if an exception under paragraph (4)(D) of 
                      section 1245(d) of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
                      8513a(d)) applies to the country with primary 
                      jurisdiction over the foreign financial 
                      institution at the time of the transaction or the 
                      provision of the service.
                          ``(iii) Rule of construction.--The exceptions 
                      in clauses (i) and (ii) shall not be construed to 
                      limit the authority of the Secretary of the 
                      Treasury to impose sanctions pursuant to the 
                      regulations prescribed under paragraph (1) for an 
                      activity described in paragraph (2) to the extent 
                      the activity would meet the criteria described in 
                      that paragraph in the absence of the involvement 
                      of the NIOC or the NITC.
                    ``(D) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                          ``(i) NIOC.--The term `NIOC' means the 
                      National Iranian Oil Company.
                          ``(ii) NITC.--The term `NITC' means the 
                      National Iranian Tanker Company.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Waiver.--Section 104(f) of the Comprehensive Iran 
        Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8513(f)) is amended by inserting ``or section 104A'' after 
        ``subsection (c)''.
            (2) Classified information.--Section 104(g) of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act 
        of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513(g)) is amended by striking ``subsection 
        (c)(1)'' and inserting ``paragraph (1) or (4) of subsection (c) 
        or section 104A'' both places it appears.

    (d) <<NOTE: 22 USC 8513 note.>>  Applicability.--
            (1) In general.--If an exception to sanctions described in 
        clause (i) or (ii) of paragraph (4)(C) of section 104(c) of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act 
        of 2010, as added by subsection (b), applies to a person that 
        engages in a transaction described in paragraph (2) at the time 
        of the transaction, the President is authorized not to impose 
        sanctions with respect to the transaction under--
                    (A) section 302(b)(1);
                    (B) section 104A of the Comprehensive Iran 
                Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, 
                as added by section 216; or
                    (C) any other applicable provision of law 
                authorizing the imposition of sanctions with respect to 
                Iran.
            (2) Transaction described.--A transaction described in this 
        paragraph is a transaction--
                    (A) solely for the purchase of petroleum or 
                petroleum products from Iran; and
                    (B) for which sanctions may be imposed solely as a 
                result of the involvement of the National Iranian Oil 
                Company or the National Iranian Tanker Company in the 
                transaction under--
                          (i) section 302(b)(1);

[[Page 126 STAT. 1251]]

                          (ii) section 104A of the Comprehensive Iran 
                      Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
                      2010, as added by section 216; or
                          (iii) any other applicable provision of law 
                      authorizing the imposition of sanctions with 
                      respect to Iran.

       TITLE IV--MEASURES RELATING TO HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES IN IRAN

 Subtitle A--Expansion of Sanctions Relating to Human Rights Abuses in 
                                  Iran

SEC. 401. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON CERTAIN PERSONS RESPONSIBLE 
                        FOR OR COMPLICIT IN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES 
                        COMMITTED AGAINST CITIZENS OF IRAN OR 
                        THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS AFTER THE JUNE 12, 
                        2009, ELECTIONS IN IRAN.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the Supreme 
Leader of Iran, the President of Iran, senior members of the 
Intelligence Ministry of Iran, senior members of Iran's Revolutionary 
Guard Corps, Ansar-e-Hezbollah and Basij-e-Mostaz'afin, and the 
Ministers of Defense, Interior, Justice, and Telecommunications are 
ultimately responsible for ordering, controlling, or otherwise directing 
a pattern and practice of serious human rights abuses against the 
Iranian people, and thus the President should include such persons on 
the list of persons who are responsible for or complicit in committing 
serious human rights abuses and subject to sanctions pursuant to section 
105 of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8514).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall 
        submit to the appropriate congressional committees a detailed 
        report with respect to whether each person described in 
        subsection (a) is responsible for or complicit in, or 
        responsible for ordering, controlling, or otherwise directing 
        the commission of serious human rights abuses against citizens 
        of Iran or their family members on or after June 12, 2009, 
        regardless of whether such abuses occurred in Iran. For any such 
        person who is not included in such report, the Secretary of 
        State should describe in the report the reasons why the person 
        was not included, including information on whether sufficient 
        credible evidence of responsibility for such abuses was found.
            (2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
        annex.
            (3) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``appropriate 
        congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
                Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the 
                Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 
                Committee on Financial Services of the House of 
                Representatives.

[[Page 126 STAT. 1252]]

SEC. <<NOTE: President.>>  402. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO THE TRANSFER OF GOODS OR 
                        TECHNOLOGIES TO IRAN THAT ARE LIKELY TO BE 
                        USED TO COMMIT HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.

    (a) In General.--The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 105 the following:
``SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8514a.>>  105A. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                          RESPECT TO THE TRANSFER OF GOODS OR 
                          TECHNOLOGIES TO IRAN THAT ARE LIKELY TO 
                          BE USED TO COMMIT HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.

    ``(a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions in 
accordance with subsection (c) with respect to each person on the list 
required by subsection (b).
    ``(b) List.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human 
        Rights Act of 2012, the President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a list of persons that the 
        President determines have knowingly engaged in an activity 
        described in paragraph (2) on or after such date of enactment.
            ``(2) Activity described.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A person engages in an activity 
                described in this paragraph if the person--
                          ``(i) transfers, or facilitates the transfer 
                      of, goods or technologies described in 
                      subparagraph (C) to Iran, any entity organized 
                      under the laws of Iran or otherwise subject to the 
                      jurisdiction of the Government of Iran, or any 
                      national of Iran, for use in or with respect to 
                      Iran; or
                          ``(ii) provides services (including services 
                      relating to hardware, software, and specialized 
                      information, and professional consulting, 
                      engineering, and support services) with respect to 
                      goods or technologies described in subparagraph 
                      (C) after such goods or technologies are 
                      transferred to Iran.
                    ``(B) Applicability to contracts and other 
                agreements.--A person engages in an activity described 
                in subparagraph (A) without regard to whether the 
                activity is carried out pursuant to a contract or other 
                agreement entered into before, on, or after the date of 
                the enactment of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria 
                Human Rights Act of 2012.
                    ``(C) Goods or technologies described.--Goods or 
                technologies described in this subparagraph are goods or 
                technologies that the President determines are likely to 
                be used by the Government of Iran or any of its agencies 
                or instrumentalities (or by any other person on behalf 
                of the Government of Iran or any of such agencies or 
                instrumentalities) to commit serious human rights abuses 
                against the people of Iran, including--
                          ``(i) firearms or ammunition (as those terms 
                      are defined in section 921 of title 18, United 
                      States Code), rubber bullets, police batons, 
                      pepper or chemical sprays, stun grenades, 
                      electroshock weapons, tear gas, water cannons, or 
                      surveillance technology; or

[[Page 126 STAT. 1253]]

                          ``(ii) sensitive technology (as defined in 
                      section 106(c)).
            ``(3) Special rule to allow for termination of sanctionable 
        activity.--The President shall not be required to include a 
        person on the list required by paragraph (1) if the President 
        certifies in writing to the appropriate congressional committees 
        that--
                    ``(A) the person is no longer engaging in, or has 
                taken significant verifiable steps toward stopping, the 
                activity described in paragraph (2) for which the 
                President would otherwise have included the person on 
                the list; and
                    ``(B) the President has received reliable assurances 
                that the person will not knowingly engage in any 
                activity described in paragraph (2) in the future.
            ``(4) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) each time the President is required to submit 
                an updated list to those committees under section 
                105(b)(2)(A); and
                    ``(B) as new information becomes available.
            ``(5) Form of report; public availability.--
                    ``(A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) 
                shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain 
                a classified annex.
                    ``(B) Public availability.--The unclassified portion 
                of the list required by paragraph (1) shall be made 
                available to the public and posted on the websites of 
                the Department of the Treasury and the Department of 
                State.

    ``(c) Application of Sanctions.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the President 
        shall impose sanctions described in section 105(c) with respect 
        to a person on the list required by subsection (b).
            ``(2) Transfers to iran's revolutionary guard corps.--In the 
        case of a person on the list required by subsection (b) for 
        transferring, or facilitating the transfer of, goods or 
        technologies described in subsection (b)(2)(C) to Iran's 
        Revolutionary Guard Corps, or providing services with respect to 
        such goods or technologies after such goods or technologies are 
        transferred to Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps, the President 
        shall--
                    ``(A) impose sanctions described in section 105(c) 
                with respect to the person; and
                    ``(B) impose such other sanctions from among the 
                sanctions described in section 6(a) of the Iran 
                Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 
                1701 note) as the President determines appropriate.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Comprehensive 
Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of

[[Page 126 STAT. 1254]]

2010 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 105 the 
following:

``Sec. 105A. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the transfer of 
           goods or technologies to Iran that are likely to be used to 
           commit human rights abuses.''.

SEC. <<NOTE: President.>>  403. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO PERSONS WHO ENGAGE IN 
                        CENSORSHIP OR OTHER RELATED ACTIVITIES 
                        AGAINST CITIZENS OF IRAN.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) satellite service providers and other entities that have 
        direct contractual arrangements to provide satellite services to 
        the Government of Iran or entities owned or controlled by that 
        Government should cease providing broadcast services to that 
        Government and those entities unless that Government ceases 
        activities intended to jam or restrict satellite signals; and
            (2) the United States should address the illegal jamming of 
        satellite signals by the Government of Iran through the voice 
        and vote of the United States in the United Nations 
        International Telecommunications Union.

    (b) Imposition of Sanctions.--The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.), as 
amended by section 402, is further amended by inserting after section 
105A the following:
``SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8514b.>>  105B. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                          RESPECT TO PERSONS WHO ENGAGE IN 
                          CENSORSHIP OR OTHER RELATED ACTIVITIES 
                          AGAINST CITIZENS OF IRAN.

    ``(a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions described in 
section 105(c) with respect to each person on the list required by 
subsection (b).
    ``(b) List of Persons Who Engage in Censorship.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Determination.>>  In general.--Not 
        later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Iran 
        Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, the 
        President shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a list of persons that the President determines have, 
        on or after June 12, 2009, engaged in censorship or other 
        activities with respect to Iran that--
                    ``(A) prohibit, limit, or penalize the exercise of 
                freedom of expression or assembly by citizens of Iran; 
                or
                    ``(B) limit access to print or broadcast media, 
                including the facilitation or support of intentional 
                frequency manipulation by the Government of Iran or an 
                entity owned or controlled by that Government that would 
                jam or restrict an international signal.
            ``(2) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) each time the President is required to submit 
                an updated list to those committees under section 
                105(b)(2)(A); and
                    ``(B) as new information becomes available.
            ``(3) Form of report; public availability.--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1255]]

                    ``(A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) 
                shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain 
                a classified annex.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Web posting.>>  Public availability.--
                The unclassified portion of the list required by 
                paragraph (1) shall be made available to the public and 
                posted on the websites of the Department of the Treasury 
                and the Department of State.''.

    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Comprehensive 
Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, as amended 
by section 402, is further amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 105A the following:

``Sec. 105B. Imposition of sanctions with respect to persons who engage 
           in censorship or other related activities against citizens of 
           Iran.''.

    (d) Conforming Amendments.--Section 401(b)(1) of the Comprehensive 
Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8551(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, 105A(a), or 105B(a)'' after ``105(a)''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting ``, 105A(b), or 105B(b)'' after ``105(b)''.

         Subtitle B--Additional Measures to Promote Human Rights

SEC. 411. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8751.>>  CODIFICATION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO GRAVE HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES BY 
                        THE GOVERNMENTS OF IRAN AND SYRIA USING 
                        INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.

    United <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  States sanctions with respect to Iran 
and Syria provided for in Executive Order No. 13606 (77 Fed. Reg. 
24571), as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this 
Act, shall remain in effect--
            (1) <<NOTE: President. Certification.>>  with respect to 
        Iran, until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
        President submits to Congress the certification described in 
        section 401(a) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8551(a)); 
        and
            (2) with respect to Syria, until the date on which the 
        provisions of and sanctions imposed pursuant to title VII 
        terminate pursuant to section 706.
SEC. 412. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8752.>>  CLARIFICATION OF SENSITIVE 
                        TECHNOLOGIES FOR PURPOSES OF PROCUREMENT 
                        BAN UNDER COMPREHENSIVE IRAN SANCTIONS, 
                        ACCOUNTABILITY, AND DIVESTMENT ACT OF 
                        2010.

    The Secretary of State shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Guidelines. Federal Register, 
        publication.>>  not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, issue guidelines to further describe the 
        technologies that may be considered ``sensitive technology'' for 
        purposes of section 106 of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8515), 
        with special attention to new forms of sophisticated jamming, 
        monitoring, and surveillance technology relating to mobile 
        telecommunications and the Internet, and publish those 
        guidelines in the Federal Register;
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  determine the types of 
        technologies that enable any indigenous capabilities that Iran 
        has to disrupt and monitor

[[Page 126 STAT. 1256]]

        information and communications in that country, and consider 
        adding descriptions of those items to the guidelines; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Review.>>  periodically review, but in no case 
        less than once each year, the guidelines and, if necessary, 
        amend the guidelines on the basis of technological developments 
        and new information regarding transfers of technologies to Iran 
        and the development of Iran's indigenous capabilities to disrupt 
        and monitor information and communications in Iran.
SEC. 413. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8753.>>  EXPEDITED CONSIDERATION OF 
                        REQUESTS FOR AUTHORIZATION OF CERTAIN 
                        HUMAN RIGHTS-, HUMANITARIAN-, AND 
                        DEMOCRACY-RELATED ACTIVITIES WITH RESPECT 
                        TO IRAN.

    (a) <<NOTE: Process.>>  Requirement.--The Office of Foreign Assets 
Control, in consultation with the Department of State, shall establish 
an expedited process for the consideration of complete requests for 
authorization to engage in human rights-, humanitarian-, or democracy-
related activities relating to Iran that are submitted by--
            (1) entities receiving funds from the Department of State to 
        engage in the proposed activity;
            (2) the Broadcasting Board of Governors; and
            (3) other appropriate agencies of the United States 
        Government.

    (b) Procedures.--Requests for authorization under subsection (a) 
shall be submitted to the Office of Foreign Assets Control in 
conformance with the Office's regulations, including section 501.801 of 
title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (commonly known as the Reporting, 
Procedures and Penalties 
Regulations). <<NOTE: Disclosure. Records.>> Applicants shall fully 
disclose the parties to the transactions as well as describe the 
activities to be undertaken. License applications involving the 
exportation or reexportation of goods, technology, or software to Iran 
shall include a copy of an official Commodity Classification issued by 
the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, as part of 
the license application.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Foreign Policy Review.--The Department of 
State shall complete a foreign policy review of a request for 
authorization under subsection (a) not later than 30 days after the 
request is referred to the Department by the Office of Foreign Assets 
Control.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  License Determinations.--License 
determinations for complete requests for authorization under subsection 
(a) shall be made not later than 90 days after receipt by the Office of 
Foreign Assets Control, with the following exceptions:
            (1) Any requests involving the exportation or reexportation 
        to Iran of goods, technology, or software listed on the Commerce 
        Control List maintained pursuant to part 774 of title 15, Code 
        of Federal Regulations, shall be processed in a manner 
        consistent with the Iran-Iraq Arms Non-Proliferation Act of 1992 
        (title XVI of Public Law 102-484) and other applicable 
        provisions of law.
            (2) Any other requests presenting unusual or extraordinary 
        circumstances.

    (e) Regulations.--The Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe such 
regulations as are appropriate to carry out this section.
SEC. 414. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8754.>>  COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGY TO 
                        PROMOTE INTERNET FREEDOM AND ACCESS TO 
                        INFORMATION IN IRAN.

    Not <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the 
Secretary

[[Page 126 STAT. 1257]]

of the Treasury and the heads of other Federal agencies, as appropriate, 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive 
strategy to--
            (1) assist the people of Iran to produce, access, and share 
        information freely and safely via the Internet, including in 
        Farsi and regional languages;
            (2) support the development of counter-censorship 
        technologies that enable the citizens of Iran to undertake 
        Internet activities without interference from the Government of 
        Iran;
            (3) increase the capabilities and availability of secure 
        mobile and other communications through connective technology 
        among human rights and democracy activists in Iran;
            (4) provide resources for digital safety training for media 
        and academic and civil society organizations in Iran;
            (5) provide accurate and substantive Internet content in 
        local languages in Iran;
            (6) increase emergency resources for the most vulnerable 
        human rights advocates seeking to organize, share information, 
        and support human rights in Iran;
            (7) expand surrogate radio, television, live stream, and 
        social network communications inside Iran, including--
                    (A) by expanding Voice of America's Persian News 
                Network and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty's Radio 
                Farda to provide hourly live news update programming and 
                breaking news coverage capability 24 hours a day and 7 
                days a week; and
                    (B) by assisting telecommunications and software 
                companies that are United States persons to comply with 
                the export licensing requirements of the United States 
                for the purpose of expanding such communications inside 
                Iran;
            (8) expand activities to safely assist and train human 
        rights, civil society, and democracy activists in Iran to 
        operate effectively and securely;
            (9) identify and utilize all available resources to overcome 
        attempts by the Government of Iran to jam or otherwise deny 
        international satellite broadcasting signals;
            (10) expand worldwide United States embassy and consulate 
        programming for and outreach to Iranian dissident communities;
            (11) expand access to proxy servers for democracy activists 
        in Iran; and
            (12) discourage telecommunications and software companies 
        from facilitating Internet censorship by the Government of Iran.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8755.>>  415. STATEMENT OF POLICY ON POLITICAL 
                        PRISONERS.

    It shall be the policy of the United States--
            (1) to support efforts to research and identify prisoners of 
        conscience and cases of human rights abuses in Iran;
            (2) to offer refugee status or political asylum in the 
        United States to political dissidents in Iran if requested and 
        consistent with the laws and national security interests of the 
        United States;
            (3) to offer to assist, through the United Nations High 
        Commissioner for Refugees, with the relocation of such political 
        prisoners to other countries if requested, as appropriate and

[[Page 126 STAT. 1258]]

        with appropriate consideration for the national security 
        interests of the United States; and
            (4) to publicly call for the release of Iranian dissidents 
        by name and raise awareness with respect to individual cases of 
        Iranian dissidents and prisoners of conscience, as appropriate 
        and if requested by the dissidents or prisoners themselves or 
        their families.

                         TITLE V--MISCELLANEOUS

SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8771.>>  501. EXCLUSION OF CITIZENS OF IRAN 
                        SEEKING EDUCATION RELATING TO THE NUCLEAR 
                        AND ENERGY SECTORS OF IRAN.

    (a) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In General.--The Secretary of State 
shall deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall 
exclude from the United States, any alien who is a citizen of Iran that 
the Secretary of State determines seeks to enter the United States to 
participate in coursework at an institution of higher education (as 
defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
1001(a))) to prepare the alien for a career in the energy sector of Iran 
or in nuclear science or nuclear engineering or a related field in Iran.

    (b) Applicability.--Subsection (a) applies with respect to visa 
applications filed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8772.>>  502. INTERESTS IN CERTAIN FINANCIAL 
                        ASSETS OF IRAN.

    (a) Interests in Blocked Assets.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), notwithstanding 
        any other provision of law, including any provision of law 
        relating to sovereign immunity, and preempting any inconsistent 
        provision of State law, a financial asset that is--
                    (A) held in the United States for a foreign 
                securities intermediary doing business in the United 
                States;
                    (B) a blocked asset (whether or not subsequently 
                unblocked) that is property described in subsection (b); 
                and
                    (C) equal in value to a financial asset of Iran, 
                including an asset of the central bank or monetary 
                authority of the Government of Iran or any agency or 
                instrumentality of that Government, that such foreign 
                securities intermediary or a related intermediary holds 
                abroad,
        shall be subject to execution or attachment in aid of execution 
        in order to satisfy any judgment to the extent of any 
        compensatory damages awarded against Iran for damages for 
        personal injury or death caused by an act of torture, 
        extrajudicial killing, aircraft sabotage, or hostage-taking, or 
        the provision of material support or resources for such an act.
            (2) Court determination required.--In order to ensure that 
        Iran is held accountable for paying the judgments described in 
        paragraph (1) and in furtherance of the broader goals of this 
        Act to sanction Iran, prior to an award turning over any asset 
        pursuant to execution or attachment in aid of execution with 
        respect to any judgments against Iran described in paragraph 
        (1), the court shall determine whether Iran holds equitable 
        title to, or the beneficial interest in, the

[[Page 126 STAT. 1259]]

        assets described in subsection (b) and that no other person 
        possesses a constitutionally protected interest in the assets 
        described in subsection (b) under the Fifth Amendment to the 
        Constitution of the United States. To the extent the court 
        determines that a person other than Iran holds--
                    (A) equitable title to, or a beneficial interest in, 
                the assets described in subsection (b) (excluding a 
                custodial interest of a foreign securities intermediary 
                or a related intermediary that holds the assets abroad 
                for the benefit of Iran); or
                    (B) a constitutionally protected interest in the 
                assets described in subsection (b),
        such assets shall be available only for execution or attachment 
        in aid of execution to the extent of Iran's equitable title or 
        beneficial interest therein and to the extent such execution or 
        attachment does not infringe upon such constitutionally 
        protected interest.

    (b) Financial Assets Described.--The financial assets described in 
this section are the financial assets that are identified in and the 
subject of proceedings in the United States District Court for the 
Southern District of New York in Peterson et al. v. Islamic Republic of 
Iran et al., Case No. 10 Civ. 4518 (BSJ) (GWG), that were restrained by 
restraining notices and levies secured by the plaintiffs in those 
proceedings, as modified by court order dated June 27, 2008, and 
extended by court orders dated June 23, 2009, May 10, 2010, and June 11, 
2010, so long as such assets remain restrained by court order.
    (c) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
            (1) to affect the availability, or lack thereof, of a right 
        to satisfy a judgment in any other action against a terrorist 
        party in any proceedings other than proceedings referred to in 
        subsection (b); or
            (2) to apply to assets other than the assets described in 
        subsection (b), or to preempt State law, including the Uniform 
        Commercial Code, except as expressly provided in subsection 
        (a)(1).

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Blocked asset.--The term ``blocked asset''--
                    (A) means any asset seized or frozen by the United 
                States under section 5(b) of the Trading With the Enemy 
                Act (50 U.S.C. App. 5(b)) or under section 202 or 203 of 
                the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
                U.S.C. 1701 and 1702); and
                    (B) does not include property that--
                          (i) is subject to a license issued by the 
                      United States Government for final payment, 
                      transfer, or disposition by or to a person subject 
                      to the jurisdiction of the United States in 
                      connection with a transaction for which the 
                      issuance of the license has been specifically 
                      required by a provision of law other than the 
                      International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
                      U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) or the United Nations 
                      Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287 et seq.); 
                      or
                          (ii) is property subject to the Vienna 
                      Convention on Diplomatic Relations or the Vienna 
                      Convention on Consular Relations, or that enjoys 
                      equivalent privileges

[[Page 126 STAT. 1260]]

                      and immunities under the laws of the United 
                      States, and is being used exclusively for 
                      diplomatic or consular purposes.
            (2) Financial asset; securities intermediary.--The terms 
        ``financial asset'' and ``securities intermediary'' have the 
        meanings given those terms in the Uniform Commercial Code, but 
        the former includes cash.
            (3) Iran.--The term ``Iran'' means the Government of Iran, 
        including the central bank or monetary authority of that 
        Government and any agency or instrumentality of that Government.
            (4) Person.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``person'' means an 
                individual or entity.
                    (B) Entity.--The term ``entity'' means a 
                partnership, association, trust, joint venture, 
                corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization.
            (5) Terrorist party.--The term ``terrorist party'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 201(d) of the Terrorism Risk 
        Insurance Act of 2002 (28 U.S.C. 1610 note).
            (6) United states.--The term ``United States'' includes all 
        territory and waters, continental, or insular, subject to the 
        jurisdiction of the United States.

    (e) Technical Changes to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act.--
            (1) Title 28, united states code.--Section 1610 of title 28, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(7), by inserting after 
                ``section 1605A'' the following: ``or section 1605(a)(7) 
                (as such section was in effect on January 27, 2008)''; 
                and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(5), 1605(b), or 
                                1605A'' and inserting ``(5) or 
                                1605(b)''; and
                                    (II) by striking the period at the 
                                end and inserting ``, or''; and
                          (ii) by adding after paragraph (2) the 
                      following:
            ``(3) the judgment relates to a claim for which the agency 
        or instrumentality is not immune by virtue of section 1605A of 
        this chapter or section 1605(a)(7) of this chapter (as such 
        section was in effect on January 27, 2008), regardless of 
        whether the property is or was involved in the act upon which 
        the claim is based.''.
            (2) Terrorism risk insurance act of 2002.--Section 201(a) of 
        the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (28 U.S.C. 1610 note) 
        is amended by striking ``section 1605(a)(7)'' and inserting 
        ``section 1605A or 1605(a)(7) (as such section was in effect on 
        January 27, 2008)''.
SEC. 503. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO SECTION 1245 OF THE NATIONAL 
                        DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 
                        2012.

    (a) Exception for Sales of Agricultural Commodities.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1245(d)(2) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8513a(d)(2)) 
        is amended--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1261]]

                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by inserting 
                ``agricultural commodities,'' after ``sales of''; and
                    (B) in the text, by inserting ``agricultural 
                commodities,'' after ``sale of''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 22 USC 8513a note.>>  Effective date.--The 
        amendments made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as if 
        included in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1298).

    (b) Report of Energy Information Administration.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1245(d)(4)(A) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
        8513a(d)(4)(A)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``60 days after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, and every 60 days thereafter'' 
                and inserting ``October 25, 2012, and the last Thursday 
                of every other month thereafter''; and
                    (B) by striking ``60-day period'' and inserting ``2-
                month period''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 22 USC 8513a note.>>  Effective date.--The 
        amendments made by paragraph (1) shall take effect on September 
        1, 2012.
SEC. 504. EXPANSION OF SANCTIONS UNDER SECTION 1245 OF THE 
                        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR 
                        FISCAL YEAR 2012.

    (a) In General.--Section 1245 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8513a), as amended by section 503, 
is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``a foreign 
                financial institution owned or controlled by the 
                government of a foreign country, including''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(D)--
                          (i) by striking ``Sanctions imposed'' and 
                      inserting the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--Sanctions imposed'';
                          (ii) in clause (i), as designated by clause 
                      (i) of this subparagraph--
                                    (I) by striking ``a foreign 
                                financial institution'' and inserting 
                                ``a financial transaction described in 
                                clause (ii) conducted or facilitated by 
                                a foreign financial institution'';
                                    (II) by striking ``institution has 
                                significantly'' and inserting 
                                ``institution--
                                    ``(I) has significantly reduced'';
                                    (III) by striking the period at the 
                                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                                    (IV) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                                    ``(II) in the case of a country that 
                                has previously received an exception 
                                under this subparagraph, has, after 
                                receiving the exception, reduced its 
                                crude oil purchases from Iran to 
                                zero.''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Financial transactions described.--A 
                      financial transaction conducted or facilitated by 
                      a foreign financial institution is described in 
                      this clause if--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1262]]

                                    ``(I) the financial transaction is 
                                only for trade in goods or services 
                                between the country with primary 
                                jurisdiction over the foreign financial 
                                institution and Iran; and
                                    ``(II) any funds owed to Iran as a 
                                result of such trade are credited to an 
                                account located in the country with 
                                primary jurisdiction over the foreign 
                                financial institution.'';
            (2) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Significant reductions.--The 
        terms `reduce significantly', `significant reduction', and 
        `significantly reduced', with respect to purchases from Iran of 
        petroleum and petroleum products, include a reduction in such 
        purchases in terms of price or volume toward a complete 
        cessation of such purchases.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(i) Termination.--The provisions of this section shall terminate 
on the date that is 30 days after the date on which the President 
submits to Congress the certification described in section 401(a) of the 
Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 
(22 U.S.C. 8551(a)).''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability. 22 USC 8513a note.>>  Effective Date.--
The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to financial transactions conducted or facilitated on 
or after the date that is 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
SEC. 505. REPORTS ON NATURAL GAS EXPORTS FROM IRAN.

    (a) Report by Energy Information Administration.--Not later than 60 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of 
the Energy Information Administration shall submit to the President and 
the appropriate congressional committees a report on the natural gas 
sector of Iran that includes--
            (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran;
            (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the 
        most natural gas from Iran;
            (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas 
        available to those countries;
            (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of 
        natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies 
        and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified 
        under paragraph (2); and
            (5) such other information as the Administrator considers 
        appropriate.

    (b) Report by President.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after receiving the 
        report required by subsection (a), the President shall, relying 
        on information in that report, submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report that includes--
                    (A) an assessment of--
                          (i) the extent to which revenues from exports 
                      of natural gas from Iran are still enriching the 
                      Government of Iran;
                          (ii) whether a sanctions regime similar to the 
                      sanctions regime imposed with respect to purchases 
                      of

[[Page 126 STAT. 1263]]

                      petroleum and petroleum products from Iran 
                      pursuant to section 1245 of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, as amended 
                      by sections 503 and 504, or other measures could 
                      be applied effectively to exports of natural gas 
                      from Iran;
                          (iii) the geostrategic implications of a 
                      reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran, 
                      including the impact of such a reduction on the 
                      countries identified under subsection (a)(2);
                          (iv) alternative supplies of natural gas 
                      available to those countries; and
                          (v) the impact a reduction in exports of 
                      natural gas from Iran would have on global natural 
                      gas supplies and the price of natural gas and the 
                      impact, if any, on swap arrangements for natural 
                      gas in place between Iran and neighboring 
                      countries; and
                    (B) specific recommendations with respect to 
                measures designed to limit the revenue received by the 
                Government of Iran from exports of natural gas; and
                    (C) any other information the President considers 
                appropriate.
            (2) Form of report.--Each report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
        classified annex.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8773.>>  506. REPORT ON MEMBERSHIP OF IRAN IN 
                        INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
and not later than September 1 of each year thereafter, the Secretary of 
State shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
listing the international organizations of which Iran is a member and 
detailing the amount that the United States contributes to each such 
organization on an annual basis.
SEC. 507. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON EXPORTATION OF GOODS, SERVICES, AND 
                        TECHNOLOGIES FOR AIRCRAFT PRODUCED IN THE 
                        UNITED STATES.

    It is the sense of Congress that licenses to export or reexport 
goods, services, or technologies for aircraft produced in the United 
States should be provided only in situations in which such licenses are 
truly essential and in a manner consistent with the laws and foreign 
policy goals of the United States.

                      TITLE VI--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8781.>>  601. IMPLEMENTATION; PENALTIES.

    (a) Implementation.--The President may exercise all authorities 
provided under sections 203 and 205 of the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to carry out--
            (1) sections 211, 212, 213, 217, 218, 220, 312, and 411, 
        subtitle A of title III, and title VII;
            (2) section 104A of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, as added by section 
        312; and

[[Page 126 STAT. 1264]]

            (3) sections 105A and 105B of the Comprehensive Iran 
        Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, as added 
        by subtitle A of title IV.

    (b) Penalties.--
            (1) In general.--The penalties provided for in subsections 
        (b) and (c) of section 206 of the International Emergency 
        Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) shall apply to a person 
        that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or 
        causes a violation of a provision specified in paragraph (2) of 
        this subsection, or an order or regulation prescribed under such 
        a provision, to the same extent that such penalties apply to a 
        person that commits an unlawful act described in section 206(a) 
        of that Act.
            (2) Provisions specified.--The provisions specified in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    (A) Sections 211, 212, 213, and 220, subtitle A of 
                title III, and title VII.
                    (B) Sections 105A and 105B of the Comprehensive Iran 
                Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, 
                as added by subtitle A of title IV.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8782.>>  602. APPLICABILITY TO CERTAIN 
                        INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES.

    Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall apply 
to the authorized intelligence activities of the United States.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8783.>>  603. APPLICABILITY TO CERTAIN NATURAL 
                        GAS PROJECTS.

    (a) Exception for Certain Natural Gas Projects.--Nothing in this Act 
or the amendments made by this Act shall apply to any activity relating 
to a project--
            (1) for the development of natural gas and the construction 
        and operation of a pipeline to transport natural gas from 
        Azerbaijan to Turkey and Europe;
            (2) that provides to Turkey and countries in Europe energy 
        security and energy independence from the Government of the 
        Russian Federation and other governments with jurisdiction over 
        persons subject to sanctions imposed under this Act or 
        amendments made by this Act; and
            (3) that was initiated before the date of the enactment of 
        this Act pursuant to a production-sharing agreement, or an 
        ancillary agreement necessary to further a production-sharing 
        agreement, entered into with, or a license granted by, the 
        government of a country other than Iran before such date of 
        enactment.

    (b) Termination of Exception.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  In general.--The exception 
        under subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to a project 
        described in that subsection on or after the date on which the 
        President certifies to the appropriate congressional committees 
        that--
                    (A) the percentage of the equity interest in the 
                project held by or on behalf of an entity described in 
                paragraph (2) has increased relative to the percentage 
                of the equity interest in the project held by or on 
                behalf of such an entity on January 1, 2002; or
                    (B) an entity described in paragraph (2) has assumed 
                an operational role in the project.
            (2) Entity described.--An entity described in this paragraph 
        is--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1265]]

                    (A) an entity--
                          (i) owned or controlled by the Government of 
                      Iran or identified under section 560.304 of title 
                      31, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to the 
                      definition of the Government of Iran); or
                          (ii) organized under the laws of Iran or with 
                      the participation or approval of the Government of 
                      Iran;
                    (B) an entity owned or controlled by an entity 
                described in subparagraph (A); or
                    (C) a successor entity to an entity described in 
                subparagraph (A).
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8784.>>  604. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION WITH 
                        RESPECT TO USE OF FORCE AGAINST IRAN AND 
                        SYRIA.

    Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall be 
construed as a declaration of war or an authorization of the use of 
force against Iran or Syria.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8785.>>  605. TERMINATION.

    (a) In General.--The provisions of sections 211, 212, 213, 218, 220, 
221, and 501, title I, and subtitle A of title III shall terminate on 
the date that is 30 days after the date on which the President makes the 
certification described in section 401(a) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8551(a)).
    (b) Amendment to Termination Date of Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010.--Section 401(a)(2) of the 
Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 
(22 U.S.C. 8551(a)(2)) is amended by inserting ``, and verifiably 
dismantled its,'' after ``development of''.

      TITLE VII-- <<NOTE: Syria Human Rights Accountability Act of 
   2012. President. Determinations.>> SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO HUMAN 
RIGHTS ABUSES IN SYRIA
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8701 note.>>  701. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Syria Human Rights Accountability 
Act of 2012''.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8791.>>  702. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO CERTAIN PERSONS WHO ARE 
                        RESPONSIBLE FOR OR COMPLICIT IN HUMAN 
                        RIGHTS ABUSES COMMITTED AGAINST CITIZENS 
                        OF SYRIA OR THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS.

    (a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions described in 
subsection (c) with respect to each person on the list required by 
subsection (b).
    (b) List of Persons Who Are Responsible for or Complicit in Certain 
Human Rights Abuses.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 120 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a list 
        of persons who are officials of the Government of Syria or 
        persons acting on behalf of that Government that the President 
        determines, based on credible evidence, are responsible for or 
        complicit in, or responsible for ordering, controlling, or 
        otherwise directing, the commission of serious human rights 
        abuses against citizens

[[Page 126 STAT. 1266]]

        of Syria or their family members, regardless of whether such 
        abuses occurred in Syria.
            (2) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  not later than 300 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act and every 
                180 days thereafter; and
                    (B) as new information becomes available.
            (3) Form of report; public availability.--
                    (A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall 
                be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
                classified annex.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Web posting.>>  Public availability.--
                The unclassified portion of the list required by 
                paragraph (1) shall be made available to the public and 
                posted on the websites of the Department of the Treasury 
                and the Department of State.
            (4) Consideration of data from other countries and 
        nongovernmental organizations.--In preparing the list required 
        by paragraph (1), the President shall consider credible data 
        already obtained by other countries and nongovernmental 
        organizations, including organizations in Syria, that monitor 
        the human rights abuses of the Government of Syria.

    (c) Sanctions Described.--The sanctions described in this subsection 
are sanctions pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers 
Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), including blocking of property and 
restrictions or prohibitions on financial transactions and the 
exportation of property, subject to such regulations as the President 
may prescribe.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8792.>>  703. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO THE TRANSFER OF GOODS OR 
                        TECHNOLOGIES TO SYRIA THAT ARE LIKELY TO 
                        BE USED TO COMMIT HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES.

    (a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions described in 
section 702(c) with respect to--
            (1) each person on the list required by subsection (b); and
            (2) any person that--
                    (A) is a successor entity to a person on the list;
                    (B) owns or controls a person on the list, if the 
                person that owns or controls the person on the list had 
                actual knowledge or should have known that the person on 
                the list engaged in the activity described in subsection 
                (b)(2) for which the person was included in the list; or
                    (C) is owned or controlled by, or under common 
                ownership or control with, the person on the list, if 
                the person owned or controlled by, or under common 
                ownership or control with (as the case may be), the 
                person on the list knowingly engaged in the activity 
                described in subsection (b)(2) for which the person was 
                included in the list.

    (b) List.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 120 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a list 
        of persons that the President determines have knowingly engaged 
        in an activity described in paragraph (2) on or after such date 
        of enactment.
            (2) Activity described.--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1267]]

                    (A) In general.--A person engages in an activity 
                described in this paragraph if the person--
                          (i) transfers, or facilitates the transfer of, 
                      goods or technologies described in subparagraph 
                      (C) to Syria; or
                          (ii) provides services with respect to goods 
                      or technologies described in subparagraph (C) 
                      after such goods or technologies are transferred 
                      to Syria.
                    (B) Applicability to contracts and other 
                agreements.--A person engages in an activity described 
                in subparagraph (A) without regard to whether the 
                activity is carried out pursuant to a contract or other 
                agreement entered into before, on, or after the date of 
                the enactment of this Act.
                    (C) Goods or technologies described.--Goods or 
                technologies described in this subparagraph are goods or 
                technologies that the President determines are likely to 
                be used by the Government of Syria or any of its 
                agencies or instrumentalities to commit human rights 
                abuses against the people of Syria, including--
                          (i) firearms or ammunition (as those terms are 
                      defined in section 921 of title 18, United States 
                      Code), rubber bullets, police batons, pepper or 
                      chemical sprays, stun grenades, electroshock 
                      weapons, tear gas, water cannons, or surveillance 
                      technology; or
                          (ii) sensitive technology.
                    (D) Sensitive technology defined.--
                          (i) In general.--For purposes of subparagraph 
                      (C), the term ``sensitive technology'' means 
                      hardware, software, telecommunications equipment, 
                      or any other technology, that the President 
                      determines is to be used specifically--
                                    (I) to restrict the free flow of 
                                unbiased information in Syria; or
                                    (II) to disrupt, monitor, or 
                                otherwise restrict speech of the people 
                                of Syria.
                          (ii) Exception.--The term ``sensitive 
                      technology'' does not include information or 
                      informational materials the exportation of which 
                      the President does not have the authority to 
                      regulate or prohibit pursuant to section 203(b)(3) 
                      of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
                      (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(3)).
            (3) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Special rule to allow for 
        termination of sanctionable activity.--The President shall not 
        be required to include a person on the list required by 
        paragraph (1) if the President certifies in writing to the 
        appropriate congressional committees that--
                    (A) the person is no longer engaging in, or has 
                taken significant verifiable steps toward stopping, the 
                activity described in paragraph (2) for which the 
                President would otherwise have included the person on 
                the list; and
                    (B) the President has received reliable assurances 
                that the person will not knowingly engage in any 
                activity described in paragraph (2) in the future.
            (4) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
        paragraph (1)--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1268]]

                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  not later than 300 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act and every 
                180 days thereafter; and
                    (B) as new information becomes available.
            (5) Form of report; public availability.--
                    (A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall 
                be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
                classified annex.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Web posting.>>  Public availability.--
                The unclassified portion of the list required by 
                paragraph (1) shall be made available to the public and 
                posted on the websites of the Department of the Treasury 
                and the Department of State.
SEC. 704. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8793.>>  IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH 
                        RESPECT TO PERSONS WHO ENGAGE IN 
                        CENSORSHIP OR OTHER FORMS OF REPRESSION IN 
                        SYRIA.

    (a) In General.--The President shall impose sanctions described in 
section 702(c) with respect to each person on the list required by 
subsection (b).
    (b) List of Persons Who Engage in Censorship.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 120 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a list 
        of persons that the President determines have engaged in 
        censorship, or activities relating to censorship, in a manner 
        that prohibits, limits, or penalizes the legitimate exercise of 
        freedom of expression by citizens of Syria.
            (2) Updates of list.--The President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees an updated list under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  not later than 300 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act and every 
                180 days thereafter; and
                    (B) as new information becomes available.
            (3) Form of report; public availability.--
                    (A) Form.--The list required by paragraph (1) shall 
                be submitted in unclassified form but may contain a 
                classified annex.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Web posting.>>  Public availability.--
                The unclassified portion of the list required by 
                paragraph (1) shall be made available to the public and 
                posted on the websites of the Department of the Treasury 
                and the Department of State.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8794.>>  705. WAIVER.

    The President may waive the requirement to include a person on a 
list required by section 702, 703, or 704 or to impose sanctions 
pursuant to any such section if the President--
            (1) determines that such a waiver is in the national 
        security interests of the United States; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  submits to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on the reasons for that 
        determination.
SEC. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8795.>>  706. TERMINATION.

    (a) In General.--The provisions of this title and any sanctions 
imposed pursuant to this title shall terminate on the date on which the 
President submits to the appropriate congressional committees--
            (1) the certification described in subsection (b); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  a certification that--

[[Page 126 STAT. 1269]]

                    (A) the Government of Syria is democratically 
                elected and representative of the people of Syria; or
                    (B) a legitimate transitional government of Syria is 
                in place.

    (b) Certification Described.--A certification described in this 
subsection is a certification by the President that the Government of 
Syria--
            (1) has unconditionally released all political prisoners;
            (2) has ceased its practices of violence, unlawful 
        detention, torture, and abuse of citizens of Syria engaged in 
        peaceful political activity;
            (3) has ceased its practice of procuring sensitive 
        technology designed to restrict the free flow of unbiased 
        information in Syria, or to disrupt, monitor, or otherwise 
        restrict the right of citizens of Syria to freedom of 
        expression;
            (4) has ceased providing support for foreign terrorist 
        organizations and no longer allows such organizations, including 
        Hamas, Hezbollah, and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, to maintain 
        facilities in territory under the control of the Government of 
        Syria; and
            (5) has ceased the development and deployment of medium- and 
        long-range surface-to-surface ballistic missiles;
            (6) is not pursuing or engaged in the research, development, 
        acquisition, production, transfer, or deployment of biological, 
        chemical, or nuclear weapons, and has provided credible 
        assurances that it will not engage in such activities in the 
        future; and
            (7) has agreed to allow the United Nations and other 
        international observers to verify that the Government of Syria 
        is not engaging in such activities and to assess the credibility 
        of the assurances provided by that Government.

    (c) Suspension of Sanctions After Election of Democratic 
Government.--If the President submits to the appropriate congressional 
committees the certification described in subsection (a)(2), the 
President may suspend the provisions of this title and any sanctions 
imposed under this title for not more than 180 days to allow time for a 
certification described in subsection (b) to be submitted.

    Approved August 10, 2012.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 1905:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
                                                        Vol. 157 (2011):
                                    Dec. 13, 14, considered and passed 
                                        House.
                                                        Vol. 158 (2012):
                                    May 21, considered and passed 
                                        Senate, amended.
                                    Aug. 1, House concurred in Senate 
                                        amendment with an amendment. 
                                        Senate concurred in House 
                                        amendment.

                                  <all>