Text: H.R.300 — 112th Congress (2011-2012)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (01/18/2011)


112th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 300

To establish a grant program in the Department of the Treasury to fund the establishment of centers of excellence to support research, development and planning, implementation, and evaluation of effective programs in financial literacy education for young adults and families ages 15–24 years old, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 18, 2011

Mr. Carson of Indiana introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services, and in addition to the Committee on Education and the Workforce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To establish a grant program in the Department of the Treasury to fund the establishment of centers of excellence to support research, development and planning, implementation, and evaluation of effective programs in financial literacy education for young adults and families ages 15–24 years old, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Young Adults Financial Literacy Act”.

SEC. 2. Findings.

The Congress find as follows:

(1) Eighty percent of parents believe schools are teaching money management and budgeting, while over 70 percent of teachers are not teaching financial literacy.

(2) Most adults feel that their financial literacy skills are inadequate, yet they do not rely on anyone else to handle their finances; they feel it is important to know more but have received no financial education.

(3) It is necessary to respond immediately to the pressing needs of individuals faced with the loss of their financial stability, however increased attention must also be paid to financial literacy education reform and long-term solutions to prevent future personal financial disasters.

(4) There is an urgent need to respond to the economic crisis with research-based financial literacy education programs to reach individuals at all ages and socioeconomic levels, particularly those facing unique and challenging financial situations, such as high school graduates entering the workforce, soon-to-be and recent college graduates, young families, and the unique needs of military personnel and their families.

(5) More than 70 percent of parents say they have spoken with their teens about credit and using credit cards wisely, while less than 44 percent of the teenaged children of those respondents say their parents have talked to them about credit cards.

(6) Seventy-six percent of parents surveyed said their high school student does not have a budget.

(7) The average credit card debt among graduate students who carry cards is $7,831 per student, an increase of 59 percent over 1998's average debt of $4,925.

(8) Young adults between 20 and 24 represent the fastest growing segment of bankruptcy filings; in fact, more people filed for bankruptcy in 2004 than graduated from college.

(9) Credit card debt among young adults between the ages of 25 and 34 has increased 55 percent, while credit card debt among the youngest adults, between 18 and 24, has skyrocketed 104 percent since 1982.

(10) In April of 2009, the Comptroller General testified to the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate that “In 2006, we reported that the [Financial Literacy and Education] Commission’s National Strategy for Financial Literacy was a useful first step in focusing attention on financial literacy but largely was descriptive rather than strategic. … However, to date the Commission has not incorporated the other elements we recommended. … For the most part, these revisions have consisted of newly developed ‘calls to action’ and have not represented a fundamental shift in approach that incorporates specific recommendations on roles, funding, and activities.”.

SEC. 3. Grant program to fund the establishment of Centers of Excellence in Financial Literacy Education.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of the Treasury, acting through the Assistant Secretary for Financial Institutions and the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Financial Education and in consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Financial Literacy and Education Commission established under the Financial Literacy and Education Improvement Act, may make competitive grants to and enter into contracts with eligible institutions to establish centers of excellence to support research, development and planning, implementation, and evaluation of effective programs in financial literacy education for young adults and families ages 15–24 years old.

(b) Authorized activities.—Activities authorized to be funded by grants made under subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) Developing and implementing comprehensive research based financial literacy education programs for young adults ages 15–24 which can be incorporated into educational settings through existing academic content areas.

(2) Targeting programs based on a set of educational expectations, pre- and post-education assessment tools, effective training programs for educators, and materials that appropriately serve various segments of young adult and family populations, particularly minority and disadvantaged individuals.

(3) Aligning financial literacy education programs to a set of core competencies and concepts, including goal setting; planning; budgeting; managing money or transactions; tools and structures; behaviors; consequences; saving, both long- and short-term; managing debt and earning.

(4) Designing instructional materials using evidence-based content for young families and related outreach activities to address unique life situations and financial pitfalls such as bankruptcy, foreclosure, credit card misuse, and predatory lending.

(5) Developing and supporting the delivery of professional development programs in financial literacy education that are research-based, on-going and collaborative to assure competence and accountability in the delivery system, including recognition of achievement and competence within existing systems for educators and instructors.

(6) Improving access to financial literacy education programs for young adults and families by collaborating with financial institutions to disseminate information and awareness of the importance of financial literacy education.

(7) Reducing student loan default rates by developing programs to help individuals better understand how to manage educational debt through sustained educational programs for college students in partnership with non-profit associations.

(8) Conducting on-going research and evaluation to assure learning of defined skills and knowledge, and retention of learning.

(9) Developing research-based assessment and accountability of the appropriate applications of learning over short and long terms.

(c) Priority for certain applications.—The Secretary shall give a priority to applications that—

(1) provide clear definitions of financial literacy and financially literate to clarify educational outcomes;

(2) establish parameters for identifying the types of programs that most effectively reach young adults and families in unique life situations, specifically individuals in ages 15–24 years old;

(3) include content that is appropriate to age and socioeconomic levels;

(4) develop programs based on educational standards, definitions, and research;

(5) include individual goals of financial independence and stability; and

(6) establish professional development and delivery systems using evidence-based practices.

(d) Application and evaluation standards and procedures, distribution criteria.—The Secretary shall, by regulation and order, establish application and evaluation standards and procedures, distribution criteria, and such other forms, standards, definitions, and procedures as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(e) Minimum and maximum amount of any grant.—No grant under this section may be for an amount less than $2,000,000 or more than $5,000,000.

(f) Definitions.—For purposes of this Act the following definitions shall apply:

(1) ELIGIBLE INSTITUTION.—The term “eligible institution” means any partnership consisting of an institution of higher education and any of the following which meets such requirements for eligibility as the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Education may jointly prescribe by regulation:

(A) One or more local educational agencies.

(B) A nonprofit agency, organization, or association.

(C) A community-based organization.

(D) A financial institution.

(2) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).

(3) SECRETARY.—The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Treasury, unless the context specifically refers to the Secretary of Education.

SEC. 4. Authorization of appropriations.

There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $55,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2012 through 2016 for carrying out this Act.

SEC. 5. Regulations.

In addition to regulations prescribed under section 3(d), the Secretary may prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out this Act.