Text: H.R.3056 — 112th Congress (2011-2012)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (09/23/2011)

1st Session
H. R. 3056

To authorize the Gandhi-King Scholarly Exchange Initiative focusing on peace and nonviolence in global conflict resolution, and for other purposes.


September 23, 2011

Mr. Lewis of Georgia (for himself, Ms. Jackson Lee of Texas, Mr. Rangel, Mr. Grijalva, Ms. Norton, Mr. Meeks, Mr. Filner, Mr. Davis of Illinois, Mr. Jackson of Illinois, Mr. McDermott, Mr. Stark, Ms. Lee of California, Ms. Moore, Mr. McGovern, Mr. Gutierrez, Mr. Payne, Mr. Blumenauer, Mrs. Christensen, Mr. Rush, Mr. Cummings, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Honda, and Mr. Cohen) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs


To authorize the Gandhi-King Scholarly Exchange Initiative focusing on peace and nonviolence in global conflict resolution, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short Title.

This Act may be cited as the “Gandhi-King Scholarly Exchange Initiative Act of 2011”.

SEC. 2. Findings.

Congress finds the following:

(1) Mohandas (Mahatma) Karamchand Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr., were dedicated leaders of peace, civil rights, social justice, and social change in their respective communities and countries and in the world.

(2) Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2, 1869, was murdered on January 30, 1948, after dedicating his life to the peaceful empowerment of the people of India and to their liberation from British occupation.

(3) Martin Luther King, Jr., who was born on January 15, 1929, was murdered on April 4, 1968, after a life dedicated to peaceful movements against segregation, discrimination, racial injustice, and poverty.

(4) On August 22, 2011, the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial opened to the public in Washington, DC. This newest memorial on the National Mall pays tribute to Dr. King’s national and international contributions to world peace through non-violent social change.

(5) Mahatma Gandhi, who employed the principle of satyagraha, or non-violent resistance, has come to represent the moral force inspiring many civil and social rights movements around the world.

(6) King’s effective use of Gandhian principles was instrumental to the American civil rights movement.

(7) In February 2009, a congressional delegation traveled to India to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the pilgrimage of Martin Luther King, Jr., and his wife, Coretta Scott King, to that country in 1959, and to study Gandhi’s life and work, highlighting the need for further progress in peaceful conflict resolution and combating poverty.

(8) In February 2009, United States Special Envoy for Pakistan and Afghanistan Richard Holbrooke visited India to determine how the international community can better contribute to peace and stability in Afghanistan and South Asia.

(9) According to the 2011 Global Peace Index prepared by the Institute for Economics and Peace, a 25 percent reduction in violence would result in a $2 trillion economic benefit, enough to offset the reconstruction costs of the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami and eliminate the public debt of Greece, Portugal, and Ireland.

SEC. 3. Gandhi-King Scholarly Exchange Initiative.

(a) Initiative established.—The Secretary of State is authorized to carry out, in cooperation with the appropriate representatives of the Government of India, an initiative to be known as the “Gandhi-King Scholarly Exchange Initiative”. The initiative shall be comprised of educational, scholarly, and professional exchange programs, including the following:

(1) An annual public diplomacy forum for scholars from the United States and India that focuses on the legacies of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr., which shall—

(A) be held alternately in the United States and in India;

(B) include representatives from governments, non-governmental organizations, educational institutions, cultural organizations, and civic organizations; and

(C) focus on studying the work of Gandhi and King and applying their philosophies to current issues, including the status of poverty, conflict, human rights, civil rights, peace, nonviolence, and democracy in the United States and India.

(2) A professional development training initiative for government employees to develop international conflict solutions based on the principles of nonviolence developed in consultation with the president and chief executive officer of the United States Institute of Peace, the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs of the Department of State, and United States cooperating partners, which shall—

(A) target Federal, State, and local government employees in countries with ongoing political, social, ethnic, or violent conflict;

(B) include a specific focus on the success of nonviolent movements in conflict resolution;

(C) develop a curriculum for teaching conflict resolution and make such curriculum available to participating government employees; and

(D) be made publically available through a variety of media.

(3) An undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate student exchange for students to—

(A) study the history and legacies of Martin Luther King, Jr., and Mahatma Gandhi;

(B) visit historic sites in India and the United States that were integral to the American civil rights movement and the Indian independence movement; and

(C) research and develop papers on the importance of peace, nonviolence, and reconciliation in current conflict regions.

(b) United States Cooperating Partners Defined.—The term “United States cooperating partners” means—

(1) an institution of higher education (as such term is defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a))), including, to the maximum extent practicable, an historically Black college or university that is a part B institution (as such term is defined in section 322(2) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1061(2))) or an Hispanic-serving institution (as such term is defined in section 502(5) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1101a(5)));

(2) a combination of institutions of higher education (as that term is defined in section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003(2)));

(3) a nongovernmental organization incorporated in the United States; or

(4) a consortium consisting of two or more such institutions of higher education, higher education associations, or nongovernmental organizations.

SEC. 4. Reporting Requirements.

(a) Initial report.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate a report on the Secretary’s plan to carry out the initiative authorized under section 3.

(b) Periodic updates.—Upon the request of the committees referred to in subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to such committees an update on the Secretary’s progress in implementing the plan referred to in subsection (a).

SEC. 5. Authorization of Appropriations.

To carry out this Act, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2012 through 2017. Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under this section are in addition to amounts otherwise available for such purpose.