Text: H.R.6262 — 112th Congress (2011-2012)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (08/01/2012)


112th CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 6262

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide tax relief to middle-class families, small businesses, and family farms.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
August 1, 2012

Mr. Loebsack (for himself, Mr. Boswell, and Mr. Garamendi) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means


A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide tax relief to middle-class families, small businesses, and family farms.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title; etc.

(a) Short title.—This Act may be cited as the “Middle Class and Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2012”.

(b) Amendment of 1986 Code.—Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

(c) Table of contents.—The table of contents of this Act is as follows:


Sec. 1. Short title; etc.

Sec. 2. Permanent extension of certain 2001 tax relief for middle-class families, small businesses, and family farms.

Sec. 3. Permanent extension of 2003 tax relief for middle-class families, small businesses, and family farms.

Sec. 4. Temporary extension of 2009 tax relief.

Sec. 5. Temporary extension of estate tax relief.

Sec. 6. Temporary extension of increased alternative minimum tax exemption amount.

Sec. 7. Temporary extension of alternative minimum tax relief for nonrefundable personal credits.

SEC. 2. Permanent extension of certain 2001 tax relief for middle-class families, small businesses, and family farms.

(a) In general.—Section 901 of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 is amended—

(1) by striking “this Act shall not apply—” and all that follows through “in the case of title V,” in subsection (a) and inserting “title V shall not apply”, and

(2) by striking “years,” in subsection (b).

(b) Application to certain high-Income taxpayers.—

(1) INCOME TAX RATES.—

(A) TREATMENT OF 25- AND 28-PERCENT RATE BRACKETS.—Paragraph (2) of section 1(i) is amended to read as follows:

“(2) 25- AND 28-PERCENT RATE BRACKETS.—The tables under subsections (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) shall be applied—

“(A) by substituting ‘25%’ for ‘28%’ each place it appears (before the application of subparagraph (B)), and

“(B) by substituting ‘28%’ for ‘31%’ each place it appears.”.

(B) 33- AND 35-PERCENT RATE BRACKETS.—Subsection (i) of section 1 is amended by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (6) and by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new paragraph:

“(3) APPLICABLE AMOUNTS IN THE FOURTH RATE BRACKET.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—In the case of a taxpayer whose applicable amount for the taxable year is in the fourth rate bracket—

“(i) the rate of tax under subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) on a taxpayer's taxable income in the fourth rate bracket shall be 33 percent to the extent such income does not exceed an amount equal to the excess of—

“(I) the applicable amount, over

“(II) the dollar amount at which such bracket begins, and

“(ii) the 36 percent rate of tax under such subsections shall apply only to the taxpayer's taxable income in such bracket in excess of the amount to which clause (i) applies.

“(iii) FOURTH RATE BRACKET.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘fourth rate bracket’ means the bracket which would (determined without regard to this paragraph) be the 36-percent rate bracket.

“(4) APPLICABLE AMOUNTS IN THE HIGHEST RATE BRACKET.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—In the case of a taxpayer whose applicable amount for the taxable year is in the highest rate bracket—

“(i) the tables under subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) shall be applied by substituting ‘33%’ for ‘36%’ each place it appears,

“(ii) the rate of tax under subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) on a taxpayer's taxable income in the highest rate bracket shall be 35 percent to the extent such income does not exceed an amount equal to the excess of—

“(I) the applicable amount, over

“(II) the dollar amount at which such bracket begins, and

“(iii) the 39.6 percent rate of tax under such subsections shall apply only to the taxpayer's taxable income in such bracket in excess of the amount to which clause (i) applies.

“(B) HIGHEST RATE BRACKET.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘highest rate bracket’ means the bracket which would (determined without regard to this paragraph) be the 39.6-percent rate bracket.

“(5) APPLICABLE AMOUNT.—For purposes of this subsection—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘applicable amount’ means the excess of—

“(i) the applicable threshold, over

“(ii) the sum of the following amounts in effect for the taxable year:

“(I) the basic standard deduction (within the meaning of section 63(c)(2)), and

“(II) the exemption amount (within the meaning of section 151(d)(1)) (or, in the case of subsection (a), 2 such exemption amounts).

“(B) APPLICABLE THRESHOLD.—The term ‘applicable threshold’ means, in the case of any taxpayer for any taxable year, the sum of—

“(i) the base amount, plus

“(ii) the small business and family farm income of such taxpayer for such taxable year.

“(C) BASE AMOUNT.—The term ‘base amount’ means—

“(i) $250,000 in the case of subsection (a),

“(ii) $200,000 in the case of subsections (b) and (c), and

“(iii) 12 the amount applicable under clause (i) (after adjustment, if any, under subparagraph (G)) in the case of subsection (d).

“(D) SMALL BUSINESS AND FAMILY FARM INCOME.—

“(i) IN GENERAL.—The term ‘small business and family farm income’ means, with respect to any taxpayer for any taxable year, the gross income of the taxpayer for such taxable year which is attributable to—

“(I) any small trade or business of the taxpayer (other than the trade or business of being an employee), or

“(II) any dividends, distributions, or interest received from any small business.

“(ii) DEDUCTIONS TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT.—The amount of gross income taken into account under clause (i) shall be reduced by the amount of any deductions properly allocable thereto.

“(iii) SMALL BUSINESS.—The term ‘small business’ means any corporation or partnership which employed an average of less than 500 employees on business days during the taxable year. A trade or business shall be treated as a small trade or business if such trade or business would be a small business if such trade or business was a corporation. For purposes of this clause, all persons treated as a single employer under subsection (b), (c), (m), or (o) of section 414 shall be treated as a single entity.

“(E) INFLATION ADJUSTMENT.—For purposes of this paragraph, with respect to taxable years beginning in calendar years after 2012, each of the dollar amounts under clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (C) shall be adjusted in the same manner as under paragraph (1)(C), except that subsection (f)(3)(B) shall be applied by substituting ‘2011’ for ‘1992’.”.

(2) PHASEOUT OF PERSONAL EXEMPTIONS AND ITEMIZED DEDUCTIONS.—

(A) OVERALL LIMITATION ON ITEMIZED DEDUCTIONS.—Section 68 is amended—

(i) by striking “the applicable amount” the first place it appears in subsection (a) and inserting “the applicable threshold in effect under section 1(i)(3)”,

(ii) by striking “the applicable amount” in subsection (a)(1) and inserting “such applicable threshold”,

(iii) by striking subsection (b) and redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) as subsections (b), (c), and (d), respectively, and

(iv) by striking subsections (f) and (g).

(B) PHASEOUT OF DEDUCTIONS FOR PERSONAL EXEMPTIONS.—

(i) IN GENERAL.—Paragraph (3) of section 151(d) is amended—

(I) by striking “the threshold amount” in subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting “the applicable threshold in effect under section 1(i)(3)”,

(II) by striking subparagraph (C) and redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (C), and

(III) by striking subparagraphs (E) and (F).

(ii) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.—Paragraph (4) of section 151(d) is amended—

(I) by striking subparagraph (B),

(II) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and by indenting such subparagraphs (as so redesignated) accordingly, and

(III) by striking all that precedes “in a calendar year after 1989,” and inserting the following:

“(4) INFLATION ADJUSTMENT.—In the case of any taxable year beginning”.

(c) Effective date.—Except as otherwise provided, the amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012.

SEC. 3. Permanent extension of 2003 tax relief for middle-class families, small businesses, and family farms.

(a) Permanent extension.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 303 of the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 is hereby repealed.

(2) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The repeal made by this subsection shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003.

(b) 20-Percent capital gains rate for certain high-Income individuals.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Paragraph (1) of section 1(h) is amended by striking subparagraph (C), by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as subparagraphs (E) and (F) and by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraphs:

“(C) 15 percent of the lesser of—

“(i) so much of the adjusted net capital gain (or, if less, taxable income) as exceeds the amount on which a tax is determined under subparagraph (B), or

“(ii) the excess (if any) of—

“(I) the amount of taxable income which would (without regard to this paragraph) be taxed at a rate below 36 percent (39.6 percent in the case of a taxpayer whose applicable amount (as defined in subsection (i)(3)) is above the dollar amount at which the highest rate bracket (as defined in such subsection) begins), over

“(II) the sum of the amounts on which a tax is determined under subparagraphs (A) and (B),

“(D) 20 percent of the adjusted net capital gain (or, if less, taxable income) in excess of the sum of the amounts on which tax is determined under subparagraphs (B) and (C),”.

(2) MINIMUM TAX.—Paragraph (3) of section 55(b) is amended by striking subparagraph (C), by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph (E), and by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraphs:

“(C) 15 percent of the lesser of—

“(i) so much of the adjusted net capital gain (or, if less, taxable excess) as exceeds the amount on which tax is determined under subparagraph (B), or

“(ii) the excess described in section 1(h)(1)(C)(ii), plus

“(D) 20 percent of the adjusted net capital gain (or, if less, taxable excess) in excess of the sum of the amounts on which tax is determined under subparagraphs (B) and (C), plus”.

(c) Conforming amendments.—

(1) The following provisions are each amended by striking “15 percent” and inserting “20 percent”:

(A) Section 531.

(B) Section 541.

(C) Section 1445(e)(1).

(D) The second sentence of section 7518(g)(6)(A).

(E) Section 53511(f)(2) of title 46, United States Code.

(2) Sections 1(h)(1)(B) and 55(b)(3)(B) are each amended by striking “5 percent (0 percent in the case of taxable years beginning after 2007)” and inserting “0 percent”.

(3) Section 1445(e)(6) is amended by striking “15 percent (20 percent in the case of taxable years beginning after December 31, 2010)” and inserting “20 percent”.

(d) Effective dates.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as otherwise provided, the amendments made by subsections (b) and (c) shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012.

(2) WITHHOLDING.—The amendments made by paragraphs (1)(C) and (3) of subsection (c) shall apply to amounts paid on or after January 1, 2013.

SEC. 4. Temporary extension of 2009 tax relief.

(a) American Opportunity Tax Credit.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 25A(i) is amended by striking “or 2012” and inserting “2012, or 2013”.

(2) TREATMENT OF POSSESSIONS.—Section 1004(c)(1) of division B of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Act of 2009 is amended by striking “and 2012” each place it appears and inserting “2012, and 2013”.

(b) Child tax credit.—Section 24(d)(4) is amended—

(1) by striking “and 2012” in the heading and inserting “2012, and 2013”, and

(2) by striking “or 2012” and inserting “2012, or 2013”.

(c) Earned income tax credit.—Section 32(b)(3) is amended—

(1) by striking “and 2012” in the heading and inserting “2012, and 2013”, and

(2) by striking “or 2012” and inserting “2012, or 2013”.

(d) Temporary extension of rule disregarding refunds in the administration of Federal programs and Federally assisted programs.—Subsection (b) of section 6409 is amended by striking “December 31, 2012” and inserting “December 31, 2013”.

(e) Effective dates.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2012.

SEC. 5. Temporary extension of estate tax relief.

(a) In general.—Section 901 of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, as amended by this Act, is amended by striking “December 31, 2012” and inserting “December 31, 2013”.

(b) Effective date.—The amendment made by this section shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001.

SEC. 6. Temporary extension of increased alternative minimum tax exemption amount.

(a) In general.—Paragraph (1) of section 55(d) is amended—

(1) by striking “$72,450” and all that follows through “2011” in subparagraph (A) and inserting “$78,750 in the case of taxable years beginning in 2012”, and

(2) by striking “$47,450” and all that follows through “2011” in subparagraph (B) and inserting “$50,600 in the case of taxable years beginning in 2012”.

(b) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2011.

SEC. 7. Temporary extension of alternative minimum tax relief for nonrefundable personal credits.

(a) In general.—Paragraph (2) of section 26(a) is amended—

(1) by striking “or 2011” and inserting “2011, or 2012”, and

(2) by striking “2011” in the heading thereof and inserting “2012”.

(b) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2011.