Text: H.Res.616 — 112th Congress (2011-2012)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (04/16/2012)


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[Congressional Bills 112th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H. Res. 616 Introduced in House (IH)]

112th CONGRESS
  2d Session
H. RES. 616

 Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding United 
         States relations with the People's Republic of China.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             April 16, 2012

     Mr. Forbes (for himself and Mr. Wolf) submitted the following 
   resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs

_______________________________________________________________________

                               RESOLUTION


 
 Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding United 
         States relations with the People's Republic of China.

Whereas relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China 
        will be a key to peace and prosperity in the United States for decades 
        to come, but successive United States administrations have failed to 
        publicly provide a guiding strategy or framework for United States 
        policy toward the People's Republic of China, inviting misinterpretation 
        of United States strategy and, at times, internally contradictory policy 
        pursuits;
Whereas the People's Republic of China has become the world's second-largest 
        economic power, and is a significant trading partner, to the betterment 
        of United States consumers and businesses who enjoy access to Chinese 
        goods and domestic job creation from rapidly expanding United States 
        exports to China;
Whereas the People's Republic of China continuously infringes United States 
        patent and other intellectual property rights, has been repeatedly found 
        to violate World Trade Organization (WTO) rules and United States export 
        control laws, and inhibits imports from the United States in a variety 
        of ways;
Whereas the People's Republic of China consistently has pledged that its rise 
        will be peaceful and its military capabilities defensive in nature; 
        however, its continued lack of transparency, its regard for the United 
        States as its principal strategic adversary, and its continued expansion 
        of its military, intelligence, and economic reach fosters uncertainty in 
        its long-term intentions;
Whereas the People's Republic of China consistently has pledged its peaceful 
        intentions; however, it has developed and expanded one of the most 
        aggressive intelligence apparatus currently operating against the United 
        States;
Whereas the People's Republic of China has conducted a rapid, multidecade 
        military modernization effort to challenge United States defense 
        capabilities in the Asia-Pacific; however, over the past decade the 
        United States defense and intelligence community has consistently 
        underestimated this effort and has been reactive in countering China's 
        growing capabilities;
Whereas the United States longstanding regional alliances have for decades 
        assured the Nation access and influence throughout the Asia-Pacific 
        region, but the People's Republic of China is pursuing a rapid military 
        buildup that challenges United States defense capabilities and the 
        stability of United States friends and allies in the Asia-Pacific 
        region;
Whereas the United States has worked with the international community to further 
        the peaceful exploration of space; however, the People's Republic of 
        China is now developing an advanced military and commercial capability 
        in space that includes the People's Liberation Army's continued 
        development of kinetic and non-kinetic anti-satellite capabilities that 
        could be used to target United States Armed Forces and commercial 
        satellite constellations;
Whereas the United States repeatedly has sought the People's Republic of China's 
        participation in policies aimed at preventing rogue states from 
        acquiring foreign defense articles; however, the People's Republic of 
        China continues to proliferate military supplies and defense 
        technologies to the Islamic Republic of Iran in violation of United 
        States sanctions as illustrated by United States Secretary of State 
        Hillary Rodham Clinton's identification of the People's Republic of 
        China as not enforcing all aspects of international sanctions that bar 
        the sale of most nuclear-related equipment to the Islamic Republic of 
        Iran in January 2011;
Whereas the United States has a longstanding relationship with Taiwan based on 
        the terms of the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA), the three United States-
        People's Republic of China Joint Communiques, and the ``Six 
        Assurances'';
Whereas the United States remains committed to all elements of the TRA, 
        especially maintaining ``the capacity of Taiwan to resist any resort to 
        force or other forms of coercion that would jeopardize the security, or 
        the social or economic system, of the people on Taiwan'', as well as 
        making available ``defense articles and defense services in such 
        quantity as may be necessary to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient 
        self-defense capability.'';
Whereas honoring the three United States-People's Republic of China Joint 
        Communiques does not imply support for China's ``One China Principle'', 
        but for the United States traditional ``One China Policy'' that is fully 
        compatible with its commitments to, and relations with, Taiwan; and
Whereas there is a time-honored bond of friendship between the people of the 
        United States and China, however, the Government of China has continued 
        to oppress the people of China by denying basic human rights, such as 
        freedom of speech, religion, and assembly, and suppressing minority 
        groups: Now, therefore, be it
    Resolved, That it is the sense of the House of Representatives that 
policy toward the People's Republic of China should be guided by the 
following strategic United States objectives to--
            (1) sustain and deploy clear and unambiguous defense and 
        intelligence capabilities to resist any resort to force or 
        other forms of coercion that would jeopardize the peace and 
        stability of the Asia-Pacific region and the security of United 
        States friends and allies;
            (2) treat Taiwan in strict accordance with the Taiwan 
        Relations Act, the three United States-People's Republic of 
        China Joint Communiques and the ``Six Assurances'';
            (3) pursue a robust, balanced, and diversified United 
        States economy as the surest means of providing the United 
        States economic security for leverage in interactions with the 
        People's Republic of China on all fronts;
            (4) sustain and deploy clear and overwhelming 
        counterintelligence capabilities and guidelines required to 
        ensure the United States intelligence community can protect and 
        promote the national security of the United States in the face 
        of significant espionage efforts of the People's Republic of 
        China;
            (5) prevent the transfer of technology, intellectual 
        property, or equipment that would make a substantial 
        contribution to Chinese military or space capabilities;
            (6) encourage the People's Republic of China to utilize its 
        economic, political, and military power to contribute to the 
        health and success of the international system;
            (7) encourage the Government of the People's Republic of 
        China to support political reform, the rule of law, 
        transparency, democratization, human rights, and religious 
        freedom;
            (8) encourage the peaceful resolution of maritime 
        territorial disputes in the South China Sea and East China Sea, 
        and support efforts to facilitate a multilateral, peaceful 
        process to resolve these disputes; and
            (9) convey clearly to Beijing that responsible behavior on 
        its part will create the possibility for a genuine partnership 
        with the United States on matters of mutual interest, while 
        unacceptable behavior will incur costs that would outweigh any 
        gains.
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