Text: S.2156 — 112th Congress (2011-2012)All Information (Except Text)

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Reported to Senate (09/19/2012)

Calendar No. 518

112th CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 2156

[Report No. 112–216]


To amend the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act to permit the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, to set prices for Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamps and make limited waivers of stamp requirements for certain users.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

March 6, 2012

Mr. Begich (for himself, Ms. Murkowski, and Mr. Coons) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works

September 19, 2012

Reported by Mrs. Boxer, with amendments

[Omit the part struck through and insert the part printed in italic]


A BILL

To amend the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act to permit the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, to set prices for Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamps and make limited waivers of stamp requirements for certain users.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Migratory Bird Habitat Investment and Enhancement Act ”.

SEC. 2. Findings.

Congress finds that—

(1) Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamps (commonly known as “duck stamps”) were created in 1934 as Federal licenses required for hunting migratory waterfowl;

(2) (A) duck stamps are a vital tool for wetland conservation;

(B) 98 percent of the receipts from duck stamp sales are used to acquire important migratory bird breeding, migration, and wintering habitat, which are added to the National Wildlife Refuge System; and

(C) those benefits extend to all wildlife, not just ducks;

(3) since its inception, the Federal duck stamp program has—

(A) generated more than $500,000,000;

(B) preserved more than 5,000,000 acres of wetland and wildlife habitat; and

(C) been called 1 one of the most successful conservation programs ever initiated;

(4) (A) since 1934, when duck stamps cost $1, the price has been increased 7 times to the price in effect on the date of enactment of this Act of $15, which took effect in 1991; and

(B) the price of the duck stamp has not increased since 1991, the longest single period without an increase in program history; and

(5) (A) with the price unchanged during the 20-year period preceding the date of enactment of this Act, duck stamps have lost 40 percent of their value based on the consumer price index, while the United States Fish and Wildlife Service reports the price of land in targeted wetland areas has tripled from an average of $306 to $1,091 per acre; and

(B) a duck stamp would need to cost more than $24 as of the date of enactment of this Act just to maintain the earlier buying power of the stamp.

SEC. 3. Cost of stamps.

Section 2 of the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act (16 U.S.C. 718b) is amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

“(b) Cost of stamps.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—For a 5-calendar-year period beginning with calendar year 2013, and for each 5-calendar-year period thereafter, the Secretary, in consultation with the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, shall establish the amount to be collected under paragraph (2) for each stamp sold under this section, which amount shall not exceed $25 for the first such 5-calendar-year period and $30 for any subsequent period.

“(2) COLLECTION OF AMOUNTS.—The Postal Service or the Department of the Interior shall collect the amount established under paragraph (1) for each stamp sold under this section for a hunting year if the Secretary determines, at any time before February 1 of the calendar year during which the hunting year begins, that all amounts described in paragraph (3) have been obligated for expenditure.

“(3) AMOUNTS.—The amounts described in this paragraph are amounts in the Migratory Bird Conservation Fund available for obligation and attributable to—

“(A) amounts appropriated pursuant to this Act for the fiscal year ending in the immediately preceding calendar year; and

“(B) the sale of stamps under this section during that fiscal year.”.

SEC. 4. Waivers.

Section 1(a) of the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act (16 U.S.C. 718a(a)) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (1), by inserting “and subsection (d)” after “paragraph (2)”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

“(d) Waivers.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, may waive requirements under this section for such individuals as the Secretary, in consultation with the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, determines to be appropriate.

“(2) LIMITATION.—In making the determination described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall grant only those waivers the Secretary determines will have a minimal adverse effect on funds to be deposited in the Migratory Bird Conservation Fund established under section 4(a)(3).”.


Calendar No. 518

112th CONGRESS
     2d Session
S. 2156
[Report No. 112–216]

A BILL
To amend the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp Act to permit the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, to set prices for Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamps and make limited waivers of stamp requirements for certain users.

September 19, 2012
Reported with amendments