Text: S.2165 — 112th Congress (2011-2012)All Information (Except Text)
Public Law No: 112-150 (07/27/2012)
[112th Congress Public Law 150]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
UNITED STATES-ISRAEL ENHANCED SECURITY COOPERATION ACT OF 2012
[[Page 126 STAT. 1146]]
Public Law 112-150
To enhance strategic cooperation between the United States and Israel,
and for other purposes. <<NOTE: July 27, 2012 - [S. 2165]>>
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: United States-
Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation Act of 2012.>>
SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8601 note.>> SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``United States-Israel Enhanced
Security Cooperation Act of 2012''.
SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8601.>> FINDINGS.
Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Since 1948, United States Presidents and both houses of
Congress, on a bipartisan basis and supported by the American
people, have repeatedly reaffirmed the special bond between the
United States and Israel, based on shared values and shared
(2) The Middle East is undergoing rapid change, bringing
with it hope for an expansion of democracy but also great
challenges to the national security of the United States and our
allies in the region, particularly to our most important ally in
the region, Israel.
(3) The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran is
continuing its decades-long pattern of seeking to foment
instability and promote extremism in the Middle East,
particularly in this time of dramatic political transition.
(4) At the same time, the Government of the Islamic Republic
of Iran continues to enrich uranium in defiance of multiple
United Nations Security Council resolutions.
(5) A nuclear-weapons capable Iran would fundamentally
threaten vital United States interests, encourage regional
nuclear proliferation, further empower Iran, the world's leading
state sponsor of terror, and pose a serious and destabilizing
threat to Israel and the region.
(6) Over the past several years, with the assistance of the
Governments of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Syria, Hizbollah
and Hamas have increased their stockpile of rockets, with more
than 60,000 now ready to be fired at Israel. The Government of
the Islamic Republic of Iran continues to add to its arsenal of
ballistic missiles and cruise missiles, which threaten Iran's
neighbors, Israel, and United States Armed Forces in the region.
(7) As a result, Israel is facing a fundamentally altered
[[Page 126 STAT. 1147]]
(8) Pursuant to chapter 5 of title 1 of the Emergency
Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2003 (Public Law 108-
11; 117 Stat. 576), the authority to make available loan
guarantees to Israel is currently set to expire on September 30,
SEC. 3. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8602.>> STATEMENT OF POLICY.
It is the policy of the United States:
(1) To reaffirm our unwavering commitment to the security of
the State of Israel as a Jewish state. As President Barack Obama
stated on December 16, 2011, ``America's commitment and my
commitment to Israel and Israel's security is unshakeable.'' And
as President George W. Bush stated before the Israeli Knesset on
May 15, 2008, on the 60th anniversary of the founding of the
State of Israel, ``The alliance between our governments is
unbreakable, yet the source of our friendship runs deeper than
(2) To help the Government of Israel preserve its
qualitative military edge amid rapid and uncertain regional
(3) To veto any one-sided anti-Israel resolutions at the
United Nations Security Council.
(4) To support Israel's inherent right to self-defense.
(5) To pursue avenues to expand cooperation with the
Government of Israel both in defense and across the spectrum of
civilian sectors, including high technology, agriculture,
medicine, health, pharmaceuticals, and energy.
(6) To assist the Government of Israel with its ongoing
efforts to forge a peaceful, negotiated settlement of the
Israeli-Palestinian conflict that results in two states living
side-by-side in peace and security, and to encourage Israel's
neighbors to recognize Israel's right to exist as a Jewish
(7) To encourage further development of advanced technology
programs between the United States and Israel given current
trends and instability in the region.
SEC. 4. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8603.>> UNITED STATES ACTIONS TO ASSIST IN
THE DEFENSE OF ISRAEL AND PROTECT UNITED
It is the sense of Congress that the United States Government should
take the following actions to assist in the defense of Israel:
(1) Seek to enhance the capabilities of the Governments of
the United States and Israel to address emerging common threats,
increase security cooperation, and expand joint military
(2) Provide the Government of Israel such support as may be
necessary to increase development and production of joint
missile defense systems, particularly such systems that defend
against the urgent threat posed to Israel and United States
forces in the region.
(3) Provide the Government of Israel assistance specifically
for the production and procurement of the Iron Dome defense
system for purposes of intercepting short-range missiles,
rockets, and projectiles launched against Israel.
(4) Provide the Government of Israel defense articles and
defense services through such mechanisms as appropriate, to
include air refueling tankers, missile defense capabilities, and
[[Page 126 STAT. 1148]]
(5) Provide the Government of Israel additional excess
defense articles, as appropriate, in the wake of the withdrawal
of United States forces from Iraq.
(6) Examine ways to strengthen existing and ongoing efforts,
including the Gaza Counter Arms Smuggling Initiative, aimed at
preventing weapons smuggling into Gaza pursuant to the 2009
agreement following the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza, as well as
measures to protect against weapons smuggling and terrorist
threats from the Sinai Peninsula.
(7) Offer the Air Force of Israel additional training and
exercise opportunities in the United States to compensate for
Israel's limited air space.
(8) Work to encourage an expanded role for Israel with the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), including an enhanced
presence at NATO headquarters and exercises.
(9) Expand already-close intelligence cooperation, including
satellite intelligence, with Israel.
SEC. 5. ADDITIONAL STEPS TO DEFEND ISRAEL AND PROTECT AMERICAN
(a) Extension of War Reserves Stockpile Authority.--
(1) Department of defense appropriations act, 2005.--Section
12001(d) of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2005
(Public Law 108-287; 118 Stat. 1011) is amended by striking
``more than 8 years after'' and inserting ``more than 10 years
(2) Foreign assistance act of 1961.--Section 514(b)(2)(A) of
the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321h(b)(2)(A)) is
amended by striking ``fiscal years 2011 and 2012'' and inserting
``fiscal years 2013 and 2014''.
(b) Extension of Loan Guarantees to Israel.--Chapter 5 of title I of
the Emergency Wartime Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2003 (Public Law
108-11; 117 Stat. 576) is amended under the heading ``Loan Guarantees to
(1) in the matter preceding the first proviso, by striking
``September 30, 2011'' and inserting ``September 30, 2015''; and
(2) in the second proviso, by striking ``September 30,
2011'' and inserting ``September 30, 2015''.
SEC. 6. <<NOTE: President. 22 USC 8604.>> REPORTS REQUIRED.
(a) Report on Israel's Qualitative Military Edge (QME).--
(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of
the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee
on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives a report on
the status of Israel's qualitative military edge in light of
current trends and instability in the region.
(2) Substitution for quadrennial report.--If submitted
within one year of the date that the first quadrennial report
required by section 201(c)(2) of the Naval Vessel Transfer Act
of 2008 (Public Law 110-429; 22 U.S.C. 2776 note) is due to be
submitted, the report required by paragraph (1) may substitute
for such quadrennial report.
(b) Reports on Other Matters.--Not later than 180 days after the
date of the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the
appropriate congressional committees a report on each of the following
[[Page 126 STAT. 1149]]
(1) Taking into account the Government of Israel's urgent
requirement for F-35 aircraft, actions to improve the process
relating to its purchase of F-35 aircraft, particularly with
respect to cost efficiency and timely delivery.
(2) Efforts to expand cooperation between the United States
and Israel in homeland security, counter-terrorism, maritime
security, energy, cyber-security, and other related areas.
(3) Actions to integrate Israel into the defense of the
SEC. 7. <<NOTE: 22 USC 8605.>> DEFINITIONS.
In this Act:
(1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term
``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
(A) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee
on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Relations,
and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate;
(B) the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee
on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and
the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the
House of Representatives.
(2) Qualitative military edge.--The term ``qualitative
military edge'' has the meaning given the term in section
36(h)(2) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2776(h)(2)).
Approved July 27, 2012.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 2165 (H.R. 4133):
SENATE REPORTS: No. 112-179 (Comm. on Foreign Relations).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 158 (2012):
June 29, considered and passed Senate.
July 17, considered and passed House.
DAILY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS (2012):
July 27, Presidential remarks.