Text: H.R.1960 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)All Bill Information (Except Text)

Bill text available as:

Shown Here:
Placed on Calendar Senate (07/08/2013)


Formatting necessary for an accurate reading of this legislative text may be shown by tags (e.g., <DELETED> or <BOLD>) or may be missing from this TXT display. For complete and accurate display of this text, see the PDF or HTML/XML.




[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 1960 Placed on Calendar Senate (PCS)]

                                                       Calendar No. 126
113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1960


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                              July 8, 2013

            Received; read twice and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2014 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
   for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
   military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2014''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into five divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--Federal Information Technology Acquisition 
        Reform Act.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Limitation on availability of funds for Stryker vehicle 
                            program.
                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Multiyear procurement authority for E-2D aircraft program.
Sec. 122. Cost limitation for CVN-78 aircraft carriers.
                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Multiyear procurement authority for multiple variants of the 
                            C-130J aircraft program.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on cancellation or modification of avionics 
                            modernization program for C-130 aircraft.
Sec. 133. Retirement of KC-135R aircraft.
Sec. 134. Competition for evolved expendable launch vehicle providers.
       Subtitle E--Defense-Wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Multiyear procurement authority for ground-based 
                            interceptors.
Sec. 142. Multiyear procurement authority for tactical wheeled 
                            vehicles.
Sec. 143. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RQ-4 
                            Global Hawk unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 144. Personal protection equipment procurement.
Sec. 145. Repeal of certain F-35 reporting requirements.
Sec. 146. Study on procurement of personal protection equipment.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Limitation on availability of funds for ground combat vehicle 
                            engineering and manufacturing phase.
Sec. 212. Limitation on Milestone A activities for Unmanned Carrier-
                            launched Surveillance and Strike system 
                            program.
Sec. 213. Limitation on availability of funds for Air Force logistics 
                            transformation.
Sec. 214. Limitation on availability of funds for defensive cyberspace 
                            operations of the Air Force.
Sec. 215. Limitation on availability of funds for precision extended 
                            range munition program.
Sec. 216. Limitation on availability of funds for the program manager 
                            for biometrics of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 217. Unmanned combat air system demonstration testing requirement.
Sec. 218. Long-range standoff weapon requirement.
Sec. 219. Review of software development for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 220. Evaluation and assessment of the Distributed Common Ground 
                            System.
Sec. 221. Requirement to complete individual carbine testing.
Sec. 222. Establishment of funding line and fielding plan for Navy 
                            laser weapon system.
Sec. 223. Sense of Congress on importance of aligning common missile 
                            compartment of Ohio-class replacement 
                            program with the United Kingdom's Vanguard 
                            successor program.
Sec. 224. Sense of congress on counter-electronics high power microwave 
                            missile project.
Sec. 225. Limitation on availability of funds for space-based infrared 
                            systems space program.
                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 231. Prohibition on use of funds for MEADS program.
Sec. 232. Additional missile defense site in the United States for 
                            optimized protection of the homeland.
Sec. 233. Limitation on removal of missile defense equipment from East 
                            Asia.
Sec. 234. Improvements to acquisition accountability reports on 
                            ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 235. Analysis of alternatives for successor to precision tracking 
                            space system.
Sec. 236. Plan to improve organic kill assessment capability of the 
                            ground-based midcourse defense system.
Sec. 237. Availability of funds for Iron Dome short-range rocket 
                            defense program.
Sec. 238. NATO and the phased, adaptive approach to missile defense in 
                            Europe.
Sec. 239. Sense of Congress on procurement of capability enhancement II 
                            exoatmospheric kill vehicle.
Sec. 240. Sense of Congress on 30th anniversary of the Strategic 
                            Defense Initiative.
Sec. 241. Readiness of intercontinental ballistic missile force.
Sec. 242. Sense of Congress on negotiations affecting the missile 
                            defenses of the United States.
                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 251. Annual Comptroller General report on the amphibious combat 
                            vehicle acquisition program.
Sec. 252. Report on strategy to improve body armor.
Sec. 253. Report on main battle tank fuel efficiency initiative.
Sec. 254. Report on powered rail system.
Sec. 255. Report on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                            scholarship program.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 261. Establishment of Cryptographic Modernization Review and 
                            Advisory Board.
Sec. 262. Clarification of eligibility of a State to participate in 
                            defense experimental program to stimulate 
                            competitive research.
Sec. 263. Extension and expansion of mechanisms to provide funds for 
                            defense laboratories for research and 
                            development of technologies for military 
                            missions.
Sec. 264. Extension of authority to award prizes for advanced 
                            technology achievements.
Sec. 265. Five-year extension of pilot program to include technology 
                            protection features during research and 
                            development of certain defense systems.
Sec. 266. Briefing on power and energy research conducted at university 
                            affiliated research centers.
Sec. 267. Approval of certain new uses of research, development, test, 
                            and evaluation land.
Sec. 268. Canines as stand-off detection of explosives and explosive 
                            precursors.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Operation and maintenance funding.
Sec. 302. Authorization of appropriations for Marine Security Guard.
Sec. 303. Authorization of appropriations for Crisis Response Force.
                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Deadline for submission of reports on proposed budgets for 
                            activities relating to operational energy 
                            strategy.
Sec. 312. Facilitation of interagency cooperation in conservation 
                            programs of the Departments of Defense, 
                            Agriculture, and Interior to avoid or 
                            reduce adverse impacts on military 
                            readiness activities.
Sec. 313. Reauthorization of Sikes Act.
Sec. 314. Cooperative agreements under Sikes Act for land management 
                            related to Department of Defense readiness 
                            activities.
Sec. 315. Exclusions from definition of ``chemical substance'' under 
                            Toxic Substances Control Act.
Sec. 316. Exemption of Department of Defense from alternative fuel 
                            procurement requirement.
Sec. 317. Clarification of prohibition on disposing of waste in open-
                            air burn pits.
Sec. 318. Limitation on plan, design, refurbishing, or construction of 
                            biofuels refineries.
Sec. 319. Limitation on procurement of biofuels.
Sec. 320. Military readiness and southern sea otter conservation.
                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Littoral Combat Ship Strategic Sustainment Plan.
Sec. 322. Review of critical manufacturing capabilities within Army 
                            arsenals.
Sec. 323. Inclusion of Army arsenals capabilities in solicitations.
Sec. 324. Assessment of outreach for small business concerns owned and 
                            controlled by women and minorities required 
                            before conversion of certain functions to 
                            contractor performance.
                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Additional reporting requirements relating to personnel and 
                            unit readiness.
Sec. 332. Repeal of annual Comptroller General report on Army progress.
Sec. 333. Revision to requirement for annual submission of information 
                            regarding information technology capital 
                            assets.
Sec. 334. Ordnance related records review and reporting requirement for 
                            Vieques and Culebra Islands, Puerto Rico.
          Subtitle E--Limitations and Extensions of Authority

Sec. 341. Limitation on reduction of force structure at Lajes Air Force 
                            Base, Azores.
Sec. 342. Prohibition on performance of Department of Defense flight 
                            demonstration teams outside the United 
                            States.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Requirement to establish policy on joint combat uniforms.
              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revision in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
                            levels.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2014 limitation on number of non-dual status 
                            technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

             Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy Generally

Sec. 501. Limitations on number of general and flag officers on active 
                            duty.
                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Minimum notification requirements for members of reserve 
                            components before deployment or 
                            cancellation of deployment related to a 
                            contingency operation.
Sec. 512. Information to be provided to boards considering officers for 
                            selective early removal from reserve 
                            active-status list.
Sec. 513. Temporary authority to maintain active status and inactive 
                            status lists of members in the inactive 
                            National Guard.
Sec. 514. Review of requirements and authorizations for reserve 
                            component general and flag officers in an 
                            active status.
Sec. 515. Feasability study on establishing a unit of the National 
                            Guard in American Samoa and in the 
                            Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                            Islands.
Sec. 516. Designation of State student cadet corps as Department of 
                            Defense youth organizations.
                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Review of Integrated Disability Evaluation System.
Sec. 522. Compliance requirements for organizational climate 
                            assessments.
Sec. 523. Command responsibility and accountability for remains of 
                            members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and 
                            Marine Corps who die outside the United 
                            States.
Sec. 524. Contents of Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 525. Procedures for judicial review of military personnel 
                            decisions relating to correction of 
                            military records.
Sec. 526. Establishment and use of consistent definition of gender-
                            neutral occupational standard for military 
                            career designators.
Sec. 527. Expansion and enhancement of authorities relating to 
                            protected communications of members of the 
                            Armed Forces and prohibited retaliatory 
                            actions.
Sec. 528. Applicability of medical examination requirement regarding 
                            post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic 
                            brain injury to proceedings under the 
                            Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 529. Protection of the religious freedom of military chaplains to 
                            close a prayer outside of a religious 
                            service according to the traditions, 
                            expressions, and religious exercises of the 
                            endorsing faith group.
Sec. 530. Expansion and implementation of protection of rights of 
                            conscience of members of the Armed Forces 
                            and chaplains of such members.
Sec. 530A. Servicemembers' Accountability, Rights, and Responsibilities 
                            Training.
Sec. 530B. Inspector General of the Department of Defense review of 
                            separation of members of the Armed Forces 
                            who made unrestricted reports of sexual 
                            assault.
Sec. 530C. Report on data and information collected in connection with 
                            Department of Defense review of laws, 
                            policies, and regulations restricting 
                            service of female members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 530D. Sense of Congress regarding the Women in Service 
                            Implementation Plan.
Sec. 530E. Meetings with respect to religious liberty.
Sec. 530F. Proof of period of military service for purposes of interest 
                            rate limitation under the Servicemembers 
                            Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 530G. Policy on military recruitment and enlistment of graduates 
                            of secondary schools.
Sec. 530H. Comptroller General report on use of determination of 
                            personality disorder or adjustment disorder 
                            as basis to separate members from the Armed 
                            Forces.
 Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault Prevention and 
                                Response

Sec. 531. Limitations on convening authority discretion regarding 
                            court-martial findings and sentence.
Sec. 532. Elimination of five-year statute of limitations on trial by 
                            court-martial for additional offenses 
                            involving sex-related crimes.
Sec. 533. Discharge or dismissal for certain sex-related offenses and 
                            trial of offenses by general courts-
                            martial.
Sec. 534. Regulations regarding consideration of application for 
                            permanent change of station or unit 
                            transfer by victims of sexual assault.
Sec. 535. Consideration of need for, and authority to provide for, 
                            temporary administrative reassignment or 
                            removal of a member on active duty who is 
                            accused of committing a sexual assault or 
                            related offense.
Sec. 536. Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-related offenses and 
                            related provisions.
Sec. 537. Inspector General investigation of allegations of retaliatory 
                            personnel actions taken in response to 
                            making protected communications regarding 
                            sexual assault.
Sec. 538. Secretary of Defense report on role of commanders in military 
                            justice process.
Sec. 539. Review and policy regarding Department of Defense 
                            investigative practices in response to 
                            allegations of sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540. Uniform training and education programs for sexual assault 
                            prevention and response program.
Sec. 541. Development of selection criteria for assignment as Sexual 
                            Assault Response and Prevention Program 
                            Managers, Sexual Assault Response 
                            Coordinators, Sexual Assault Victim 
                            Advocates, and Sexual Assault Nurse 
                            Examiners-Adult/Adolescent.
Sec. 542. Extension of crime victims' rights to victims of offenses 
                            under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 543. Defense counsel interview of complaining witnesses in 
                            presence of counsel for the complaining 
                            witness or a Sexual Assault Victim 
                            Advocate.
Sec. 544. Participation by complaining witnesses in clemency phase of 
                            courts-martial process.
Sec. 545. Eight-day incident reporting requirement in response to 
                            unrestricted report of sexual assault in 
                            which the victim is a member of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 546. Amendment to Manual for Courts-Martial to eliminate 
                            considerations relating to character and 
                            military service of accused in initial 
                            disposition of sex-related offenses.
Sec. 547. Inclusion of letter of reprimands, nonpunitive letter of 
                            reprimands and counseling statements.
Sec. 548. Enhanced protections for prospective members and new members 
                            of the Armed Forces during entry-level 
                            processing and training.
Sec. 549. Independent reviews and assessments of Uniform Code of 
                            Military Justice and judicial proceedings 
                            of sexual assault cases.
Sec. 550. Review of the Office of Diversity Management and Equal 
                            Opportunity role in sexual harassment 
                            cases.
Sec. 550A. Discharge or dismissal, and confinement required for certain 
                            sex-related offenses committed by members 
                            of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 550B. Enhancement to requirements for availability of information 
                            on sexual assault prevention and response 
                            resources.
Sec. 550C. Military Hazing Prevention Oversight Panel.
Sec. 550D. Prevention of sexual assault at military service academies.
Sec. 550E. Ensuring awareness of policy to instruct victims of sexual 
                            assault seeking security clearance to 
                            answer ``no'' to question 21.
Sec. 550F. Report on policies and regulations regarding service members 
                            living with or at risk of contracting HIV.
Sec. 550G. Additional modification of annual Department of Defense 
                            reporting requirements regarding sexual 
                            assaults and prevention and response 
                            program.
                 Subtitle E--Military Family Readiness

Sec. 551. Department of Defense recognition of spouses of members of 
                            the Armed Forces who serve in combat zones.
Sec. 552. Protection of child custody arrangements for parents who are 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Treatment of relocation of members of the Armed Forces for 
                            active duty for purposes of mortgage 
                            refinancing.
Sec. 554. Family support programs for immediate family members of 
                            members of the Armed Forces assigned to 
                            special operations forces.
Sec. 555. Transition of members of the Armed Forces and their families 
                            from military to civilian life.
Sec. 556. Mortgage protection for members of the Armed Forces, 
                            surviving spouses, and certain veterans and 
                            other improvements to the Servicemembers 
                            Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 557. Department of Defense recognition of dependents of members of 
                            the Armed Forces who serve in combat zones.
     Subtitle F--Education and Training Opportunities and Wellness

Sec. 561. Inclusion of Freely Associated States within scope of Junior 
                            Reserve Officers' Training Corps program.
Sec. 562.  Improved climate assessments and dissemination and tracking 
                            of results.
Sec. 563. Service-wide 360 assessments.
Sec. 564. Health welfare inspections.
Sec. 565. Review of security of military installations, including 
                            barracks and multi-family residences.
Sec. 566. Enhancement of mechanisms to correlate skills and training 
                            for military occupational specialties with 
                            skills and training required for civilian 
                            certifications and licenses.
Sec. 567. Use of educational assistance for courses in pursuit of 
                            civilian certifications or licenses.
Sec. 568. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 569. Internet access for members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and 
                            Marine Corps serving in combat zones.
Sec. 570. Report on the Troops to Teachers program.
Sec. 570A. Secretary of Defense report on feasibility of requiring 
                            automatic operation of current prohibition 
                            on accrual of interest on direct student 
                            loans of certain members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
               Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
                            agencies that benefit dependents of members 
                            of the Armed Forces and Department of 
                            Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Support for efforts to improve academic achievement and 
                            transition of military dependent students.
Sec. 573. Treatment of tuition payments received for virtual elementary 
                            and secondary education component of 
                            Department of Defense education program.
                   Subtitle H--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Fraudulent representations about receipt of military 
                            decorations or medals.
Sec. 582. Repeal of limitation on number of medals of honor that may be 
                            awarded to the same member of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 583. Standardization of time-limits for recommending and awarding 
                            Medal of Honor, Distinguished-Service 
                            Cross, Navy Cross, Air Force Cross, and 
                            Distinguished-Service Medal.
Sec. 584. Recodification and revision of Army, Navy, Air Force, and 
                            Coast Guard Medal of Honor Roll 
                            requirements.
Sec. 585. Treatment of victims of the attacks at recruiting station in 
                            Little Rock, Arkansas, and at Fort Hood, 
                            Texas.
Sec. 586. Retroactive award of Army Combat Action Badge.
Sec. 587. Report on Navy review, findings, and actions pertaining to 
                            Medal of Honor nomination of Marine Corps 
                            Sergeant Rafael Peralta.
Sec. 588. Authorization for award of the Distinguished-Service Cross to 
                            Sergeant First Class Robert F. Keiser for 
                            acts of valor during the Korean War.
Sec. 589. Required gold content for Medal of Honor.
Sec. 590. Consideration of Silver Star Award nominations.
Sec. 590A. Report on Army review, findings, and actions pertaining to 
                            Medal of Honor nomination of Captain 
                            William L. Albracht.
Sec. 590B. Replacement of military decorations.
Sec. 590C. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to First 
                            Lieutenant Alonzo H. Cushing for acts of 
                            valor during the Civil War.
                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 591. Revision of specified senior military colleges to reflect 
                            consolidation of North Georgia College and 
                            State University and Gainesville State 
                            College.
Sec. 592. Authority to enter into concessions contracts at Army 
                            National Military Cemeteries.
Sec. 593. Commission on Military Behavioral Health and Disciplinary 
                            Issues.
Sec. 594. Commission on Service to the Nation.
Sec. 595. Electronic tracking of certain reserve duty.
Sec. 596. Military salute during recitation of pledge of allegiance by 
                            members of the Armed Forces not in uniform 
                            and by veterans.
Sec. 597. Provision of service records.
Sec. 598. Sense of Congress regarding the recovery of the remains of 
                            certain members of the Armed Forces killed 
                            in Thurston Island, Antarctica.
Sec. 599. Gifts made for the benefit of military musical units.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
                            of basic allowance for housing under 
                            certain circumstances.
Sec. 602. Recognition of additional means by which members of the 
                            National Guard called into Federal service 
                            for a period of 30 days or less may 
                            initially report for duty for entitlement 
                            to basic pay.
           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
                            authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
                            authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
                            nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
                            consolidated special pay, incentive pay, 
                            and bonus authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
                            other title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. One-year extension of authority to provide incentive pay for 
                            members of precommissioning programs 
                            pursuing foreign language proficiency.
Sec. 617. Authority to provide bonus to certain cadets and midshipmen 
                            enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
                            Training Corps.
    Subtitle C--Disability, Retired Pay, Survivor, and Transitional 
                                Benefits

Sec. 621. Transitional compensation and other benefits for dependents 
                            of certain members separated for violation 
                            of the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 622. Prevention of retired pay inversion for members whose retired 
                            pay is computed using high-three average.
    Subtitle D--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

Sec. 631. Expansion of protection of employees of nonappropriated fund 
                            instrumentalities from reprisals.
Sec. 632. Purchase of sustainable products, local food products, and 
                            recyclable materials for resale in 
                            commissary and exchange store systems.
Sec. 633. Correction of obsolete references to certain nonappropriated 
                            fund instrumentalities.
Sec. 634. Exchange store system participation in the Accord on Fire and 
                            Building Safety in Bangladesh.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Authority to provide certain expenses for care and 
                            disposition of human remains retained by 
                            the Department of Defense for forensic 
                            pathology investigation.
Sec. 642. Provision of status under law by honoring certain members of 
                            the reserve components as veterans.
Sec. 643. Survey of military pay and benefits preferences.
Sec. 644. Transportation on military aircraft on a space-available 
                            basis for disabled veterans with a service-
                            connected, permanent disability rated as 
                            total.
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

              Subtitle A--Improvements to Health Benefits

Sec. 701. Mental health assessments for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Periodic mental health assessments for members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 703. Behavioral health treatment of developmental disabilities 
                            under TRICARE.
Sec. 704. Extension of Transitional Assistance Management Program.
Sec. 705. Comprehensive policy on improvements to care and transition 
                            of service members with urotrauma.
                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Future availability of TRICARE Prime for certain 
                            beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 712. Cooperative health care agreements between the military 
                            departments and non-military health care 
                            entities.
Sec. 713. Limitation on availability of funds for integrated electronic 
                            health record program.
Sec. 714. Pilot program on increased third-party collection 
                            reimbursements in military medical 
                            treatment facilities.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 721. Display of budget information for embedded mental health 
                            providers of the reserve components.
Sec. 722. Authority of Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences 
                            to enter into contracts and agreements and 
                            make grants to other nonprofit entities.
Sec. 723. Mental health support for military personnel and families.
Sec. 724. Research regarding hydrocephalus.
Sec. 725. Traumatic brain injury research.
Sec. 726. Data sharing with State adjutant generals to facilitate 
                            suicide prevention efforts.
Sec. 727. Increased collaboration with NIH to combat triple negative 
                            breast cancer.
Sec. 728. Sense of Congress on mental health counselors for members of 
                            the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 729. Report on role of Department of Veterans Affairs in 
                            Department of Defense centers of 
                            excellence.
Sec. 730. Preliminary mental health assessments.
Sec. 731. Sense of Congress on the traumatic brain injury plan.
Sec. 732. Report on memorandum regarding traumatic brain injuries.
Sec. 733. Pilot program for investigational treatment of members of the 
                            Armed Forces for traumatic brain injury and 
                            post-traumatic stress disorder.
Sec. 734. Integrated Electronic Health Record of the Departments of 
                            Defense and Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 735. Comptroller General report on recovery audit program for 
                            TRICARE.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Modification of reporting requirement for Department of 
                            Defense business system acquisition 
                            programs when initial operating capability 
                            is not achieved within five years of 
                            Milestone A approval.
Sec. 802. Enhanced transfer of technology developed at Department of 
                            Defense laboratories.
Sec. 803. Extension of limitation on aggregate annual amount available 
                            for contract services.
Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 811. Additional contractor responsibilities in regulations 
                            relating to detection and avoidance of 
                            counterfeit electronic parts.
Sec. 812. Amendments relating to detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
                            electronic parts.
Sec. 813. Government-wide limitations on allowable costs for contractor 
                            compensation.
Sec. 814. Inclusion of additional cost estimate information in certain 
                            reports.
Sec. 815.  Amendment relating to compelling reasons for waiving 
                            suspension or debarment.
Sec. 816. Requirement that cost or price to the Federal Government be 
                            given at least equal importance as 
                            technical or other criteria in evaluating 
                            competitive proposals for defense 
                            contracts.
Sec. 817. Requirement to buy American flags from domestic sources.
Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Contracts in Support of Contingency 
                   Operations in Iraq or Afghanistan

Sec. 821. Amendments relating to prohibition on contracting with the 
                            enemy.
Sec. 822. Collection of data relating to contracts in Iraq and 
                            Afghanistan.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 831. Extension of pilot program on acquisition of military purpose 
                            nondevelopmental items.
Sec. 832. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
                            produced in countries along a major route 
                            of supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 833. Report on procurement supply chain vulnerabilities.
Sec. 834. Study on the impact of contracting with veteran-owned small 
                            businesses.
Sec. 835. Revisions to requirements relating to justification and 
                            approval of sole-source defense contracts.
Sec. 836. Improved management of Defense equipment and supplies through 
                            automated information and data capture 
                            technologies.
Sec. 837. Revision of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition 
                            Regulation to take into account sourcing 
                            laws.
Sec. 838. Prohibition on purchase of military coins not made in United 
                            States.
Sec. 839. Compliance with domestic source requirements for footwear 
                            furnished to enlisted members of the Armed 
                            Forces upon their initial entry into the 
                            Armed Forces.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

              Subtitle A--Department of Defense Management

Sec. 901. Redesignation of the Department of the Navy as the Department 
                            of the Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 902. Revisions to composition of transition plan for defense 
                            business enterprise architecture.
Sec. 903. Report on strategic importance of United States military 
                            installation of the U.S. Pacific Command.
Sec. 904. Comptroller General report on potential relocation of Federal 
                            Government tenants on Asia-Pacific and 
                            Arctic-oriented United States military 
                            installations.
                      Subtitle B--Space Activities

Sec. 911. National security space satellite reporting policy.
Sec. 912. National security space defense and protection.
Sec. 913. Space acquisition strategy.
Sec. 914. Space control mission report.
Sec. 915. Responsive launch.
  Subtitle C--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 921. Revision of Secretary of Defense authority to engage in 
                            commercial activities as security for 
                            intelligence collection activities.
Sec. 922. Department of Defense intelligence priorities.
Sec. 923. Defense Clandestine Service.
Sec. 924. Prohibition on National Intelligence Program consolidation.
                 Subtitle D--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 931. Modification of requirement for inventory of Department of 
                            Defense tactical data link systems.
Sec. 932. Defense Science Board assessment of United States Cyber 
                            Command.
Sec. 933. Mission analysis for cyber operations of Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 934. Notification of investigations related to compromise of 
                            critical program information.
Sec. 935. Additional requirements relating to the software licenses of 
                            the Department of Defense.
Sec. 936. Limitation on availability of funds for collaborative 
                            cybersecurity activities with China.
Sec. 937. Small business cybersecurity solutions office.
Sec. 938. Small business cyber education.
                   Subtitle E--Total Force Management

Sec. 941. Requirement to ensure sufficient levels of Government 
                            oversight of functions closely associated 
                            with inherently Governmental functions.
Sec. 942. Five-year requirement for certification of appropriate 
                            manpower performance.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Budgetary effects of this Act.
Sec. 1003. Audit of Department of Defense fiscal year 2018 financial 
                            statements.
Sec. 1004. Authority to transfer funds to the National Nuclear Security 
                            Administration to sustain nuclear weapons 
                            modernization.
                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support unified counter-drug and 
                            counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
                            support to law enforcement agencies 
                            conducting counter-terrorism activities.
Sec. 1013. Two-year extension of authority to provide additional 
                            support for counter-drug activities of 
                            certain foreign governments.
Sec. 1014. Sense of Congress regarding the National Guard Counter-
                            Narcotic Program.
                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Clarification of sole ownership resulting from ship 
                            donations at no cost to the navy.
Sec. 1022. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
                            Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing 
                            ships.
Sec. 1023. Repair of vessels in foreign shipyards.
Sec. 1024. Sense of Congress regarding a balanced future naval force.
Sec. 1025. Authority for short-term extension or renewal of leases for 
                            vessels supporting the Transit Protection 
                            System Escort Program.
Sec. 1026. Report comparing costs of DDG 1000 and DDG 51 Flight III 
                            ships.
Sec. 1027. Sense of Congress on establishment of an Advisory Board on 
                            Toxic Substances and Worker Health.
                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1030. Clarification of procedures for use of alternate members on 
                            military commissions.
Sec. 1031. Modification of Regional Defense Combating Terrorism 
                            Fellowship Program reporting requirement.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
                            facilities in the United States to house 
                            detainees transferred from United States 
                            Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Requirements for certifications relating to the transfer of 
                            detainees at United States Naval Station, 
                            Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to foreign countries 
                            and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on the use of funds for the transfer or release 
                            of individuals detained at United States 
                            Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Unclassified summary of information relating to individuals 
                            detained at Parwan, Afghanistan.
Sec. 1036. Assessment of affiliates and adherents of al-Qaeda outside 
                            the United States.
Sec. 1037. Designation of Department of Defense senior official for 
                            facilitating the transfer of individuals 
                            detained at United States Naval Station, 
                            Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1038. Rank of chief prosecutor and chief defense counsel in 
                            military commissions established to try 
                            individuals detained at Guantanamo.
Sec. 1039. Report on capability of Yemeni government to detain, 
                            rehabilitate, and prosecute individuals 
                            detained at Guantanamo who are transferred 
                            to Yemen.
Sec. 1040. Report on attachment of rights to individuals detained at 
                            Guantanamo if transferred to the United 
                            States.
Sec. 1040A. Summary of information relating to individuals detained at 
                            Guantanamo who became leaders of foreign 
                            terrorist groups.
Sec. 1040B. Procedures governing United States citizens apprehended 
                            inside the United States pursuant to the 
                            Authorization for Use of Military Force.
Sec. 1040C. Prohibition on the use of funds for recreational facilities 
                            for individuals detained at Guantanamo.
Sec. 1040D. Prohibition on transfer or release of individuals detained 
                            at Guantanamo to Yemen.
               Subtitle E--Sensitive Military Operations

Sec. 1041. Congressional notification of sensitive military operations.
Sec. 1042. Report on process for determining targets of lethal 
                            operations.
Sec. 1043. Counterterrorism operational briefings.
                       Subtitle F--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1051. Prohibition on elimination of the nuclear triad.
Sec. 1052. Limitation on availability of funds for reduction of nuclear 
                            forces.
Sec. 1053. Limitation on availability of funds for reduction or 
                            consolidation of dual-capable aircraft 
                            based in Europe.
Sec. 1054. Statement of policy on implementation of any agreement for 
                            further arms reduction below the levels of 
                            the New START Treaty; limitation on 
                            retirement or dismantlement of strategic 
                            delivery systems.
Sec. 1055. Sense of congress on compliance with nuclear arms control 
                            agreements.
Sec. 1056. Retention of capability to redeploy multiple independently 
                            targetable reentry vehicles.
Sec. 1057. Assessment of nuclear weapons program of the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1058. Cost estimates for nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1059. Report on New START Treaty.
         Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1061. Enhancement of capacity of the United States Government to 
                            analyze captured records.
Sec. 1062. Extension of authority to provide military transportation 
                            services to certain other agencies at the 
                            Department of Defense reimbursement rate.
Sec. 1063. Limitation on availability of funds for modification of 
                            force structure of the Army.
Sec. 1064. Limitation on use of funds for public-private cooperation 
                            activities.
Sec. 1065. Unmanned aircraft joint training and usage plan.
                    Subtitle H--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1071. Oversight of combat support agencies.
Sec. 1072. Inclusion in annual report of description of interagency 
                            coordination relating to humanitarian 
                            demining technology.
Sec. 1073. Extension of deadline for Comptroller General report on 
                            assignment of civilian employees of the 
                            Department of Defense as advisors to 
                            foreign ministries of defense.
Sec. 1074. Repeal of requirement for Comptroller General assessment of 
                            Department of Defense efficiencies.
Sec. 1075. Matters for inclusion in the assessment of the 2013 
                            quadrennial defense review.
Sec. 1076. Review and assessment of United States Special Operations 
                            Forces and United States Special Operations 
                            Command.
Sec. 1077. Reports on unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 1078. Online availability of reports submitted to Congress.
Sec. 1079. Provision of defense planning guidance and contingency 
                            operation plan information to Congress.
Sec. 1080. Report on United States citizens subject to military 
                            detention.
Sec. 1080A. Report on implementation of the recommendations of the 
                            Palomares Nuclear Weapons Accident Revised 
                            Dose Evaluation Report.
Sec. 1080B. Report on long-term costs of operation Iraqi Freedom and 
                            Operation Enduring Freedom.
                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Transportation of supplies for the United States by aircraft 
                            operated by United States air carriers.
Sec. 1082A. Transportation of supplies to members of the Armed Forces 
                            from nonprofit organizations.
Sec. 1083. Reduction in costs to report critical changes to major 
                            automated information system programs.
Sec. 1084. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
                            issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 1085. Revision of compensation of members of the National 
                            Commission on the Structure of the Air 
                            Force.
Sec. 1086. Protection of tier one task critical assets from 
                            electromagnetic pulse and high-powered 
                            microwave systems.
Sec. 1087. Strategy for future military information operations 
                            capabilities.
Sec. 1088. Compliance of military departments with minimum safe 
                            staffing standards.
Sec. 1089. Determination and Disclosure of Transportation Costs 
                            Incurred by Secretary of Defense for 
                            congressional trips outside the United 
                            States.
Sec. 1090. Transfer or loan of equipment to the Department of Homeland 
                            Security relating to border security.
Sec. 1091. Transfer to the Department of Homeland Security of the 
                            Tethered Aerostat Radar System.
Sec. 1092. Sale or donation of excess personal property for border 
                            security activities.
Sec. 1093. Unmanned aircraft systems and national airspace.
Sec. 1094. Days on which the POW/MIA flag is displayed on certain 
                            Federal property.
Sec. 1095. Sense of Congress on improvised explosive devices.
Sec. 1096. Sense of Congress to maintain a strong National Guard and 
                            military reserve force.
Sec. 1097. Access of employees of congressional support offices to 
                            department of defense facilities.
Sec. 1098. Cost of wars.
Sec. 1099. Sense of Congress regarding consideration of foreign 
                            languages and cultures in the building of 
                            partner capacity.
Sec. 1099A. Sense of Congress regarding preservation of Second 
                            Amendment rights of active duty military 
                            personnel stationed or residing in the 
                            District of Columbia.
                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
                            on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
                            pay for Federal civilian employees working 
                            overseas.
Sec. 1102. One-year extension of discretionary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            personnel on official duty in a combat 
                            zone.
Sec. 1103. Extension of voluntary reduction-in-force authority for 
                            civilian employees of Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 1104. Extension of authority to make lump-sum severance payments 
                            to Department of Defense employees.
Sec. 1105. Revision to amount of financial assistance under Department 
                            of Defense Science, Mathematics, and 
                            Research for Transformation (SMART) Defense 
                            Education Program.
Sec. 1106. Extension of program for exchange of information-technology 
                            personnel.
Sec. 1107. Defense Science Initiative for Personnel.
Sec. 1108. Compliance with law regarding availability of funding for 
                            civilian personnel.
Sec. 1109. Extension of enhanced appointment and compensation authority 
                            for civilian personnel for care and 
                            treatment of wounded and injured members of 
                            the armed forces.
             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification and extension of authorities relating to 
                            program to build the capacity of foreign 
                            military forces.
Sec. 1202. Three-year extension of authorization for non-conventional 
                            assisted recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1203. Global Security Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1204. Codification of National Guard State Partnership Program.
Sec. 1205. Authority to conduct activities to enhance the capability of 
                            certain foreign countries to respond to 
                            incidents involving weapons of mass 
                            destruction in Syria and the region.
Sec. 1206. One-year extension of authority to support foreign forces 
                            participating in operations to disarm the 
                            Lord's Resistance Army.
Sec. 1207. Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, 
                            disaster, and civic aid programs of the 
                            Department of Defense.
    Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. One-year extension and modification of authority for 
                            reimbursement of certain coalition nations 
                            for support provided to United States 
                            military operations.
Sec. 1212. One-year extension of authority to use funds for 
                            reintegration activities in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. Extension of Commanders' Emergency Response Program in 
                            Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to support operations and activities 
                            of the Office of Security Cooperation in 
                            Iraq.
Sec. 1215. One-year extension and modification of authority for program 
                            to develop and carry out infrastructure 
                            projects in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Special immigrant visas for certain Iraqi and Afghan allies.
Sec. 1217. Requirement to withhold Department of Defense assistance to 
                            Afghanistan in amount equivalent to 100 
                            percent of all taxes assessed by 
                            Afghanistan to extent such taxes are not 
                            reimbursed by Afghanistan.
Sec. 1218. Improvement of the Iraqi special immigrant visa program.
Sec. 1219. Improvement of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program.
Sec. 1220. Sense of congress.
         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Afghanistan Post 2014

Sec. 1221. Modification of report on progress toward security and 
                            stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1222. Completion of accelerated transition of United States combat 
                            and military and security operations to the 
                            Government of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1223. Defense intelligence plan.
Sec. 1224. Limitation on availability of funds for certain authorities 
                            for Afghanistan.
Sec. 1225. Limitation on funds to establish permanent military 
                            installations or bases in Afghanistan.
                  Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Iran

Sec. 1231. Report on United States military partnership with Gulf 
                            Cooperation Council countries.
Sec. 1232. Additional elements in annual report on military power of 
                            Iran.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on the defense of the Arabian Gulf.
Sec. 1234. Integrated air and missile defense programs at training 
                            locations in Southwest Asia.
Sec. 1235. Statement of Policy on condemning the Government of Iran for 
                            its state-sponsored persecution of its 
                            Baha'i minority.
                 Subtitle E--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 1241. Report on posture and readiness of United States Armed 
                            Forces to respond to future terrorist 
                            attacks in Africa and the Middle East.
Sec. 1242. Role of the Government of Egypt to United States national 
                            security.
Sec. 1243. Sense of Congress on the military developments on the Korean 
                            peninsula.
Sec. 1244. Statement of Congress on defense cooperation with Georgia.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on establishment of Regional Special Operations 
                            Forces Coordination Centers.
Sec. 1246. Additional reports on military and security developments 
                            involving the Democratic People's Republic 
                            of Korea.
Sec. 1247. Amendments to annual report under Arms Control and 
                            Disarmament Act.
Sec. 1248. Limitation on funds to provide the Russian Federation with 
                            access to certain missile defense 
                            technology.
Sec. 1249. Reports on actions to reduce support of ballistic missile 
                            programs of China, Syria, Iran, and North 
                            Korea.
Sec. 1250. Congressional notifications relating to status of forces 
                            agreements.
Sec. 1251. Sense of Congress on the conflict in Syria.
Sec. 1252. Revision of statutory references to former NATO support 
                            organizations and related NATO agreements.
Sec. 1253. Limitation on funds to implement executive agreements 
                            relating to United States missile defense 
                            capabilities.
Sec. 1254. Limitation on availability of funds for Threat Reduction 
                            Engagement activities and United States 
                            contributions to the Comprehensive Nuclear-
                            Test-Ban Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress on military-to-military cooperation 
                            between the United States and Burma.
Sec. 1256. Sense of Congress on the stationing of United States forces 
                            in Europe.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on military capabilities of the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1258. Rule of construction.
Sec. 1259. Sense of Congress regarding relations with Taiwan.
Sec. 1260. Sense of Congress on the threat posed by Hezbollah.
Sec. 1261. Combating crime through intelligence capabilities.
Sec. 1262. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
                            Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1263. War Powers of Congress.
Sec. 1264. Prohibition on use of drones to kill United States citizens.
Sec. 1265. Sale of F-16 aircraft to Taiwan.
Sec. 1266. Statement of policy and report on the inherent right of 
                            Israel to self-defense.
Sec. 1267. Report on collective and national security implications of 
                            central Asian and South Caucasus energy 
                            development.
Sec. 1268. Report on military and security developments involving the 
                            Russian Federation.
Sec. 1269. Limitation on assistance to provide tear gas or other riot 
                            control items.
Sec. 1270. Report on certain financial assistance to Afghan military.
Sec. 1271. Israel's right to self-defense.
Sec. 1272. Sense of Congress strongly supporting the full 
                            implementation of United States and 
                            international sanctions on Iran and urging 
                            the President to continue to strengthen 
                            enforcement of sanctions legislation.
Sec. 1273. Sense of Congress on the illegal nuclear weapons programs of 
                            Iran and North Korea.
Sec. 1274. Limitation on use of funds to purchase equipment from 
                            Rosoboronexport.
                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of cooperative threat reduction programs and 
                            funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1303. Extension for use of contributions to the Cooperative Threat 
                            Reduction Program.
Sec. 1304. Strategy to modernize cooperative threat reduction and 
                            prevent the proliferation of weapons of 
                            mass destruction and related materials in 
                            the Middle East and North Africa region.
                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. National defense sealift fund.
Sec. 1403. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1404. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1405. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1406. Defense Health Program.
                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Use of National Defense Stockpile for the conservation of a 
                            strategic and critical materials supply.
Sec. 1412. Authority to acquire additional materials for the National 
                            Defense Stockpile.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            Medical Facility Demonstration Fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
Sec. 1422. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.
Sec. 1423. Cemeterial expenses.
   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

         Subtitle A--Authorization of Additional Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health Program.
                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.
               Subtitle C--Limitations and Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1532. Future role of Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat 
                            Organization.
Sec. 1533. Limitation on intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                            support for Operation Observant Compass.
Sec. 1534. Report on United States force levels and costs of military 
                            operations in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1535. Limitation on funds for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund 
                            to acquire certain aircraft, vehicles, and 
                            equipment.
                   TITLE XVI--INDUSTRIAL BASE MATTERS

Sec. 1601. Periodic audits of contracting compliance by Inspector 
                            General of Department of Defense.
Sec. 1602. Expansion of the procurement technical assistance program to 
                            advance small business growth.
Sec. 1603. Amendments relating to Procurement Technical Assistance 
                            Cooperative Agreement Program.
Sec. 1604. Strategic plan for requirements for war reserve stocks of 
                            meals ready-to-eat.
Sec. 1605. Foreign commercial satellite services.
Sec. 1606. Proof of Concept Commercialization Pilot Program.
Sec. 1607. Reporting on goals for procurement contracts awarded to 
                            small business concerns.
Sec. 1608. Program to provide Federal contracts to early stage small 
                            businesses.
Sec. 1609. Credit for certain subcontractors.
Sec. 1610. GAO Study on subcontracting reporting systems.
Sec. 1611. Inapplicability of requirement to review and justify certain 
                            contracts.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.
                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2004 
                            project.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2010 project.
Sec. 2106. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2011 project.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2010 
                            projects.
Sec. 2108. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2011 
                            projects.
Sec. 2109. Transfer of Administrative Jurisdiction, Camp Frank D. 
                            Merrill, Dahlonega, Georgia.
                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Limitation on project authorization to carry out certain 
                            fiscal year 2014 project.
Sec. 2206. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2011 project.
Sec. 2207. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2012 project.
Sec. 2208. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2011 
                            projects.
              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2013 project.
Sec. 2306. Limitation on project authorization to carry out certain 
                            fiscal year 2014 project.
Sec. 2307. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2011 
                            project.
           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

               Subtitle A--Defense Agency Authorizations

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
          Subtitle B--Chemical Demilitarization Authorizations

Sec. 2411. Authorization of appropriations, chemical demilitarization 
                            construction, defense-wide.
   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                PROGRAM

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2013 project.
Sec. 2612. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2011 
                            projects.
          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense Base Closure Account.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2711. Prohibition on conducting additional Base Realignment and 
                            Closure (BRAC) round.
Sec. 2712. Elimination of quarterly certification requirement regarding 
                            availability of military health care in 
                            National Capital Region.
Sec. 2713. Consideration of the value of services provided by a local 
                            community to the Armed Forces as part of 
                            the economic analysis in making base 
                            realignment or closure decisions.
         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                Changes

Sec. 2801. Modification of authority to carry out unspecified minor 
                            military construction.
Sec. 2802. Repeal of requirements for local comparability of room 
                            patterns and floor areas for military 
                            family housing and submission of net floor 
                            area information.
Sec. 2803. Repeal of separate authority to enter into limited 
                            partnerships with private developers of 
                            housing.
Sec. 2804. Military construction standards to reduce vulnerability of 
                            structures to terrorist attack.
Sec. 2805. Treatment of payments received for providing utilities and 
                            services in connection with use of 
                            alternative authority for acquisition and 
                            improvement of military housing.
Sec. 2806. Repeal of advance notification requirement for use of 
                            military housing investment authority.
Sec. 2807. Additional element for annual report on military housing 
                            privatization projects.
Sec. 2807A. Department of Defense report on Military Housing 
                            Privatization Initiative.
Sec. 2808. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
                            and maintenance funds for construction 
                            projects in certain areas outside the 
                            United States.
Sec. 2809. Development of master plans for major military 
                            installations.
        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Codification of policies and requirements regarding closure 
                            and realignment of United States military 
                            installations in foreign countries.
Sec. 2812. Report on utilization of Department of Defense real 
                            property.
Sec. 2813. Conditions on Department of Defense expansion of Pinon 
                            Canyon Maneuver Site, Fort Carson, 
                            Colorado.
                      Subtitle C--Energy Security

Sec. 2821. Continuation of limitation on use of funds for Leadership in 
                            Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) gold 
                            or platinum certification.
  Subtitle D--Provisions Related to Asia-Pacific Military Realignment

Sec. 2831.  Change from previous calendar year to previous fiscal year 
                            for period covered by annual report of 
                            Interagency Coordination Group of 
                            Inspectors General for Guam Realignment.
Sec. 2832. Repeal of certain restrictions on realignment of Marine 
                            Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region.
                      Subtitle E--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Real property acquisition, Naval Base Ventura County, 
                            California.
Sec. 2842. Land conveyance, former Oxnard Air Force Base, Ventura 
                            County, California.
Sec. 2843. Land conveyance, Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, Philadelphia, 
                            Pennsylvania.
Sec. 2844. Land conveyance, Camp Williams, Utah.
Sec. 2845. Conveyance, Air National Guard radar site, Francis Peak, 
                            Wasatch Mountains, Utah.
Sec. 2846. Land conveyance, former Fort Monroe, Hampton, Virginia.
Sec. 2847. Land conveyance, Mifflin County United States Army Reserve 
                            Center, Lewistown, Pennsylvania.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Repeal of annual Economic Adjustment Committee reporting 
                            requirement.
Sec. 2862. Redesignation of the Asia-Pacific Center for Security 
                            Studies as the Daniel K. Inouye Asia-
                            Pacific Center for Security Studies.
Sec. 2863. Redesignation of the Graduate School of Nursing at the 
                            Uniformed Services University of the Health 
                            Sciences as the Daniel K. Inouye Graduate 
                            School of Nursing.
Sec. 2864. Renaming site of the Dayton Aviation Heritage National 
                            Historical Park, Ohio.
Sec. 2865. Designation of Distinguished Flying Cross National Memorial 
                            in Riverside, California.
Sec. 2866. Establishment of military divers memorial at Washington Navy 
                            Yard.
Sec. 2867. Inclusion of emblems of belief as part of military 
                            memorials.
   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition project.
TITLE XXX--MILITARY LAND TRANSFERS AND WITHDRAWALS TO SUPPORT READINESS 
                              AND SECURITY

           Subtitle A--Limestone Hills Training Area, Montana

Sec. 3001. Withdrawal and reservation of public lands for Limestone 
                            Hills Training Area, Montana.
Sec. 3002. Management of withdrawn and reserved lands.
Sec. 3003. Special rules governing minerals management.
Sec. 3004. Grazing.
Sec. 3005. Duration of withdrawal and reservation.
Sec. 3006. Payments in lieu of taxes.
Sec. 3007. Hunting, fishing and trapping.
Sec. 3008. Water rights.
Sec. 3009. Brush and range fire prevention and suppression.
Sec. 3010. On-going decontamination.
Sec. 3011. Application for renewal of a withdrawal and reservation.
Sec. 3012. Limitation on subsequent availability of lands for 
                            appropriation.
Sec. 3013. Relinquishment.
           Subtitle B--White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico

Sec. 3021. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, White Sands Missile 
                            Range, New Mexico.
Sec. 3022. Water rights.
Sec. 3023. Withdrawal.
      Subtitle C--Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, California

Sec. 3031. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Air Weapons 
                            Station China Lake, California.
Sec. 3032. Water rights.
Sec. 3033. Withdrawal.
    Subtitle D--Chocolate Mountain Aerial Gunnery Range, California

Sec. 3041. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Chocolate Mountain 
                            Aerial Gunnery Range, California.
Sec. 3042. Management and use of transferred land.
Sec. 3043. Realignment of range boundary and related transfer of title.
Sec. 3044. Effect of termination of military use.
Sec. 3045. Temporary extension of existing withdrawal period.
Sec. 3046. Water rights.
  Subtitle E--Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, 
                               California

Sec. 3051. Designation of Johnson Valley National Off-Highway Vehicle 
                            Recreation Area.
Sec. 3052. Limited biannual Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center 
                            Twentynine Palms use of Johnson Valley 
                            National Off-Highway Vehicle Recreation 
                            Area.
Sec. 3053. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Southern Study 
                            Area, Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center 
                            Twentynine Palms, California.
Sec. 3054. Water rights.
              Subtitle F--Naval Air Station Fallon, Nevada

Sec. 3061. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Air Station 
                            Fallon, Nevada.
Sec. 3062. Water rights.
Sec. 3063. Withdrawal.
 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

         Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Energy security and assurance.
   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Clarification of principles of National Nuclear Security 
                            Administration.
Sec. 3112. Termination of Department of Energy employees to protect 
                            national security.
Sec. 3113. Modification of independent cost estimates on life extension 
                            programs and new nuclear facilities.
Sec. 3114. Plan for retrieval, treatment, and disposition of tank farm 
                            waste at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.
Sec. 3115. Enhanced procurement authority to manage supply chain risk.
Sec. 3116. Limitation on availability of funds for National Nuclear 
                            Security Administration.
Sec. 3117. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
                            Administrator.
Sec. 3118. Limitation on availability of funds for Global Threat 
                            Reduction Initiative.
Sec. 3119. Establishment of Center for Security Technology, Analysis, 
                            Testing, and Response.
Sec. 3120. Cost-benefit analyses for competition of management and 
                            operating contracts.
Sec. 3121. W88-1 warhead and W78-1 warhead life extension options.
Sec. 3122. Extension of principles of pilot program to additional 
                            facilities of the nuclear security 
                            enterprise.
Sec. 3123. Extension of authority of Secretary of Energy to enter into 
                            transactions to carry out certain research 
                            projects.
                          Subtitle C--Reports

Sec. 3131. Annual report and certification on status of the security of 
                            the nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3132. Modifications to annual reports regarding the condition of 
                            the nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3133. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 3141. Congressional advisory panel on the governance of the 
                            nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3142. Study of potential reuse of nuclear weapon secondaries.
Sec. 3143. Clarification of role of Secretary of Energy.
Sec. 3144. Technical amendment to Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
Sec. 3145. Government Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Extension.
Sec. 3146. Conveyance of land at the Hanford Site.
Sec. 3147. Manhattan Project National Historical Park.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.
                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of appropriations for national security 
                            aspects of the Merchant Marine for fiscal 
                            year 2014.
Sec. 3502. 5-year reauthorization of vessel war risk insurance program.
Sec. 3503. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 3504. Treatment of funds for intermodal transportation maritime 
                            facility, Port of Anchorage, Alaska.
Sec. 3505. Strategic seaports.
                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.
                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.
                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of energy national security programs.
   DIVISION E--FEDERAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION REFORM ACT

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Table of contents.
Sec. 5003. Definitions.
     TITLE LI--MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY WITHIN FEDERAL 
                               GOVERNMENT

Sec. 5101. Increased authority of agency Chief Information Officers 
                            over information technology.
Sec. 5102. Lead coordination role of Chief Information Officers 
                            Council.
Sec. 5103. Reports by Government Accountability Office.
                  TITLE LII--DATA CENTER OPTIMIZATION

Sec. 5201. Purpose.
Sec. 5202. Definitions.
Sec. 5203. Federal data center optimization initiative.
Sec. 5204. Performance requirements related to data center 
                            consolidation.
Sec. 5205. Cost savings related to data center optimization.
Sec. 5206. Reporting requirements to Congress and the Federal Chief 
                            Information Officer.
    TITLE LIII--ELIMINATION OF DUPLICATION AND WASTE IN INFORMATION 
                         TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION

Sec. 5301. Inventory of information technology assets.
Sec. 5302. Website consolidation and transparency.
Sec. 5303. Transition to the cloud.
Sec. 5304. Elimination of unnecessary duplication of contracts by 
                            requiring business case analysis.
   TITLE LIV--STRENGTHENING AND STREAMLINING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 
                    ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT PRACTICES

   Subtitle A--Strengthening and Streamlining IT Program Management 
                               Practices

Sec. 5401. Establishment of Federal infrastructure and common 
                            application collaboration center.
Sec. 5402. Designation of Assisted Acquisition Centers of Excellence.
           Subtitle B--Strengthening IT Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 5411. Expansion of training and use of information technology 
                            acquisition cadres.
Sec. 5412. Plan on strengthening program and project management 
                            performance.
Sec. 5413. Personnel awards for excellence in the acquisition of 
                            information systems and information 
                            technology.
                      TITLE LV--ADDITIONAL REFORMS

Sec. 5501. Maximizing the benefit of the Federal Strategic Sourcing 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 5502. Promoting transparency of blanket purchase agreements.
Sec. 5503. Additional source selection technique in solicitations.
Sec. 5504. Enhanced transparency in information technology investments.
Sec. 5505. Enhanced communication between Government and industry.
Sec. 5506. Clarification of current law with respect to technology 
                            neutrality in acquisition of software.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR STRYKER VEHICLE 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for weapons and 
tracked combat vehicles, Army, for the procurement or upgrade of 
Stryker vehicles, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary of the Army submits the report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the status of the Stryker 
vehicle spare parts inventory located in Auburn, Washington, cited in 
the report of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
(number 2013-025) dated November 30, 2012. The report submitted under 
this subsection shall include the following:
            (1) The status of the implementation by the Secretary of 
        the recommendations specified on pages 30 to 34 of the report 
        by the Inspector General.
            (2) The value of the parts remaining in warehouse that may 
        still be used by the Secretary for the repair, upgrade, or 
        reset of Stryker vehicles.
            (3) The value of the parts remaining in the warehouse that 
        are no longer usable by the Secretary for the repair, upgrade, 
        or reset of Stryker vehicles.
            (4) A cost estimate of the monthly cost of maintaining the 
        inventory of parts no longer usable by the Secretary.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR E-2D AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into--
            (1) one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the 
        fiscal year 2014 program year, for the procurement of E-2D 
        aircraft; and
            (2) one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the 
        fiscal year 2014 program year, for the procurement of mission 
        equipment with respect to aircraft procured under a contract 
        entered into under paragraph (1).
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2014 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 122. COST LIMITATION FOR CVN-78 AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 122 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 
2104) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 122. ADHERENCE TO NAVY COST ESTIMATES FOR CVN-78 CLASS OF 
              AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    ``(a) Limitation.--
            ``(1) Lead ship.--The total amount obligated from funds 
        appropriated or otherwise made available for Shipbuilding and 
        Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement account, for the 
        aircraft carrier designated as CVN-78 may not exceed 
        $12,887,000,000 (as adjusted pursuant to subsection (b)).
            ``(2) Follow-on ships.--The total amount obligated from 
        funds appropriated or otherwise made available for Shipbuilding 
        and Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement account, for 
        the construction of any ship that is constructed in the CVN-78 
        class of aircraft carriers after the lead ship of that class 
        may not exceed $11,411,000,000 (as adjusted pursuant to 
        subsection (b)).
    ``(b) Adjustment of Limitation Amount.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may adjust the amount set forth in subsection (a) for any ship 
constructed in the CVN-78 class of aircraft carriers by the following:
            ``(1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to economic inflation after September 30, 2013.
            ``(2) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
        attributable to compliance with changes in Federal, State, or 
        local laws.
            ``(3) The amounts of outfitting costs and post-delivery 
        costs incurred for that ship.
            ``(4) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs of 
        that ship that are attributable to insertion of new technology 
        into that ship, as compared to the technology baseline as it 
        was defined in the approved acquisition program baseline 
        estimate of December 2005.
            ``(5) The amounts of increases or decreases to nonrecurring 
        design and engineering cost attributable to achieving 
        compliance with the cost limitation.
            ``(6) The amounts of increases or decreases to cost 
        required to correct deficiencies that may affect the safety of 
        the ship and personnel or otherwise preclude the ship from safe 
        operations and crew certification.
            ``(7) With respect to the aircraft carrier designated as 
        CVN-78, the amounts of increases or decreases in costs of that 
        ship that are attributable to the shipboard test program.
    ``(c) Limitation on Technology Insertion Cost Adjustment.--The 
Secretary of the Navy may use the authority under paragraph (4) of 
subsection (b) to adjust the amount set forth in subsection (a) for a 
ship referred to in that subsection with respect to insertion of new 
technology into that ship only if--
            ``(1) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the new 
        technology would lower the life-cycle cost of the ship; or
            ``(2) the Secretary determines, and certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees, that insertion of the new 
        technology is required to meet an emerging threat and the 
        Secretary of Defense certifies to those committees that such 
        threat poses grave harm to national security.
    ``(d) Notice.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees each year, at the same 
        time that the budget is submitted under section 1105(a) of 
        title 31, United States Code, for the next fiscal year, written 
        notice of--
                    ``(A) any change in the amount set forth in 
                subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal year that 
                the Secretary has determined to be associated with a 
                cost referred to in subsection (b); and
                    ``(B) the most accurate estimate possible of the 
                Secretary with respect to the total cost compared to 
                the amount set forth in subsection (a), as adjusted by 
                subsection (b), and the steps the Secretary is taking 
                to reduce the costs below such amount.
            ``(2) Effective date.--The requirement in paragraph (1) 
        shall become effective with the budget request for the year of 
        procurement of the first ship referred to in subsection (a).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents at the beginning 
of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to section 122 and 
inserting the following:

``Sec. 122. Adherence to Navy cost estimates for CVN-78 class of 
                            aircraft carriers.''.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR MULTIPLE VARIANTS OF THE 
              C-130J AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force may 
enter into--
            (1) one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the 
        fiscal year 2014 program year, for the procurement of multiple 
        variants of C-130J aircraft for the Department of the Navy and 
        the Department of the Air Force; and
            (2) one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the 
        fiscal year 2014 program year, for the procurement of mission 
        equipment with respect to aircraft procured under a contract 
        entered into under paragraph (1).
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2014 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 132. PROHIBITION ON CANCELLATION OR MODIFICATION OF AVIONICS 
              MODERNIZATION PROGRAM FOR C-130 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not take any 
action to cancel or modify the avionics modernization program of record 
for C-130 aircraft.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Section 143 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1662) is repealed.

SEC. 133. RETIREMENT OF KC-135R AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Treatment of Retired KC-135R Aircraft.--Except as provided by 
subsections (b) and (c), the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain 
each KC-135R aircraft that is retired by the Secretary in a condition 
that would allow recall of that aircraft to future service in the Air 
Force Reserve, Air National Guard, or active forces aerial refueling 
force structure.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to a KC-135R 
aircraft that the Secretary transfers or sells to allies or partner 
nations of the United States.
    (c) Delivery of KC-46A Aircraft.--For each KC-46A aircraft that is 
delivered to the Air Force and the Commander of the Air Mobility 
Command initially certifies as mission capable, the Secretary may waive 
the requirements of subsection (a) with respect to one retired KC-135R 
aircraft.
    (d) Conforming Repeal.--Section 135 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
Stat. 2114) is repealed.

SEC. 134. COMPETITION FOR EVOLVED EXPENDABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE PROVIDERS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The new acquisition strategy for the evolved expendable 
        launch vehicle program of the Air Force will maintain mission 
        assurance, reduce costs, and provide opportunities for 
        competition for certified launch providers.
            (2) The method in which the current and potential future 
        certified launch providers will be evaluated in a competition 
        is still under development.
    (b) Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        develop and implement a plan to ensure the fair evaluation of 
        competing contractors in awarding a contract to a certified 
        evolved expendable launch vehicle provider.
            (2) Comparison.--The plan under paragraph (1) shall include 
        a description of how the following areas will be addressed in 
        the evaluation:
                    (A) The proposed cost, schedule, and performance.
                    (B) Mission assurance activities.
                    (C) The manner in which the contractor will operate 
                under the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
                    (D) The effect of other contracts in which the 
                contractor is entered into with the Federal Government, 
                such as the evolved expendable launch vehicle launch 
                capability contract and the space station commercial 
                resupply services contracts.
                    (E) Any other areas the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
    (c) Submission to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) submit to the appropriate congressional 
                committees a report that includes the plan under 
                subsection (b)(1); or
                    (B) provide to such committees a briefing on such 
                plan.
            (2) GAO review.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall--
                    (A) submit to the appropriate congressional 
                committees a review of the plan under subsection 
                (b)(1); or
                    (B) provide to such committees a briefing on such 
                plan.
            (3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means the following:
                    (A) The congressional defense committees.
                    (B) The Committee on Science, Space, and Technology 
                of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.
                    (C) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
                of the House of Representatives and the Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.

       Subtitle E--Defense-Wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 141. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR GROUND-BASED 
              INTERCEPTORS.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Director of the Missile Defense 
Agency may enter into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with 
the fiscal year 2014 program year, for the procurement of 14 ground-
based interceptors.
    (b) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Director may enter into 
one or more contracts for advance procurement associated with the 
ground-based interceptors for which authorization to enter into a 
multiyear procurement contract is provided under subsection (a).
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2014 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 142. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR TACTICAL WHEELED 
              VEHICLES.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may enter 
into one or more multiyear, multivehicle contracts, beginning with the 
fiscal year 2014 program year, for the procurement of core tactical 
wheeled vehicles.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2014 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (c) Notification Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall notify the 
congressional defense committees of--
            (1) whether the Secretary will enter into a contract under 
        subsection (a); and
            (2) if not, an explanation for why the Secretary will not 
        enter into such a contract.
    (d) Annual Reports.--For each fiscal year in which the Secretary is 
entered into a contract under this section, the Secretary shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees, as part of the material 
submitted in support of the budget of the President for such fiscal 
year, as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code, the following:
            (1) The status of procurements under such contract.
            (2) A detailed analysis of any cost savings achieved for 
        each class of vehicle procured under such contract.
            (3) A description of any challenges to the Secretary in 
        carrying out this section or in achieving any such cost 
        savings.
            (4) Any recommendations for future implementation of a 
        program for multiyear, multi-vehicle procurement.
    (e) Termination of Authority.--The Secretary may not enter into a 
contract under this section after September 30, 2018. During the five-
year period beginning on October 1, 2018, the Secretary may continue to 
carry out any contract entered into under this section before such date 
using funds made available to the Secretary for such purpose before 
such date.
    (f) Core Tactical Vehicles Defined.--In this section, the term 
``core tactical wheeled vehicles'' means--
            (1) the family of medium tactical vehicles;
            (2) medium tactical wheeled vehicle replacements;
            (3) the family of heavy tactical vehicles; and
            (4) logistics vehicle system replacements.

SEC. 143. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF RQ-4 
              GLOBAL HAWK UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare 
to retire, or place in storage an RQ-4 Block 30 Global Hawk unmanned 
aircraft system.
    (b) Maintained Levels.--During the period preceding December 31, 
2016, in supporting the operational requirements of the combatant 
commands, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain the operational 
capability of each RQ-4 Block 30 Global Hawk unmanned aircraft system 
belonging to the Air Force or delivered to the Air Force during such 
period.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 154 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1666) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) Limitation.--''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).

SEC. 144. PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT PROCUREMENT.

    (a) Procurement.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
personal protection equipment is procured using funds authorized to be 
appropriated by section 101 and available for such purpose as specified 
in the funding table in sections 4101 and 4102.
    (b) Procurement Line Item.--In the budget materials submitted to 
the President by the Secretary of Defense in connection with the 
submission to Congress, pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code, of the budget for fiscal year 2015, and each subsequent 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall ensure that within each military 
department procurement account, a separate, dedicated procurement line 
item is designated for personal protection equipment.
    (c) Personal Protection Equipment Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``personal protection equipment'' means the following:
            (1) Body armor components.
            (2) Combat helmets.
            (3) Combat protective eyewear.
            (4) Protective clothing.
            (5) Other items as determined appropriate by the Secretary.

SEC. 145. REPEAL OF CERTAIN F-35 REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 122 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4157) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

SEC. 146. STUDY ON PROCUREMENT OF PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter 
        into a contract with a federally funded research and 
        development center to conduct a study to identify and assess 
        alternative and effective means for stimulating competition and 
        innovation in the personal protection equipment industrial 
        base.
            (2) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the federally funded research and 
        development center conducting the study under paragraph (1) 
        shall submit to the Secretary the study, including any findings 
        and recommendations.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the study 
        conducted under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The study, findings, and recommendations 
                submitted to the Secretary under subsection (a)(2).
                    (B) An assessment of current and future 
                technologies that could markedly improve body armor, 
                including by decreasing weight, increasing 
                survivability, and making other relevant improvements.
                    (C) An analysis of the capability of the personal 
                protection equipment industrial base to leverage such 
                technologies to produce the next generation body armor.
                    (D) An assessment of alternative body armor 
                acquisition models, including different types of 
                contracting and budgeting practices of the Department 
                of Defense.
    (c) Personal Protection Equipment.--In this section, the term 
``personal protection equipment'' includes body armor.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR GROUND COMBAT VEHICLE 
              ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURING PHASE.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for the Army may be 
obligated or expended for post-Milestone B engineering and 
manufacturing phase development activities for the ground combat 
vehicle program until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the 
date on which the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional 
defense committees a report that includes the following:
            (1) An independent assessment of the draft milestone B 
        documentation for the ground combat vehicle that--
                    (A) is performed by the Director of Cost Assessment 
                and Program Evaluation, the Assistant Secretary of 
                Defense for Research and Engineering, or other similar 
                official; and
                    (B) analyzes whether there is a sufficient business 
                case to proceed with the engineering and manufacturing 
                development phase for the ground combat vehicle using 
                only one contractor.
            (2) A certification by the Secretary that the ground combat 
        vehicle program has--
                    (A) feasible and fully-defined requirements;
                    (B) fully mature technologies;
                    (C) independent and high-confidence cost estimates;
                    (D) available funding; and
                    (E) a realistic and achievable schedule.

SEC. 212. LIMITATION ON MILESTONE A ACTIVITIES FOR UNMANNED CARRIER-
              LAUNCHED SURVEILLANCE AND STRIKE SYSTEM PROGRAM.

    The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics may not award a Milestone A technology development contract 
with respect to the Unmanned Carrier-launched Surveillance and Strike 
system program until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date 
on which the Under Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
committees that the software and system engineering designs for the 
control system and connectivity and aircraft carrier segments of such 
program can achieve, with low level of integration risk, successful 
compatibility and interoperability with the air vehicle segment 
selected for contract award with respect to such program.

SEC. 213. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR AIR FORCE LOGISTICS 
              TRANSFORMATION.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2014 for procurement, Air Force, or 
research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for logistics 
information technology, including for the expeditionary combat support 
system, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
date that is 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of the Air 
Force submits to the congressional defense committees a report on how 
the Secretary will modernize and update the logistics information 
technology systems of the Air Force following the cancellation of the 
expeditionary combat support system. Such report shall include--
            (1) strategies to--
                    (A) in the near term, address any gaps in 
                capability with respect to logistics information 
                technology; and
                    (B) during the period covered by the current 
                future-years defense plan, provide for long-term 
                modernization of logistics information technology;
            (2) an analysis of the root causes leading to the failure 
        of the expeditionary combat support system program; and
            (3) a plan of action by the Secretary to ensure that the 
        lessons learned under such analysis are--
                    (A) shared throughout the Department of Defense and 
                the military departments; and
                    (B) considered in program planning for similar 
                logistics information technology systems.

SEC. 214. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEFENSIVE CYBERSPACE 
              OPERATIONS OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for procurement, 
Air Force, or research, development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, 
for Defensive Cyberspace Operations (Program Element 0202088F), not 
more than 90 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 
days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air 
Force submits to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
Application Software Assurance Center of Excellence.
    (b) Matters Included.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of how the Application Software Assurance 
        Center of Excellence is used to support the software assurance 
        activities of the Air Force and other elements of the 
        Department of Defense, including pursuant to section 933 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public 
        Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note).
            (2) A description of the resources used to support the 
        Center of Excellence from the beginning of the Center through 
        fiscal year 2014.
            (3) The plan of the Secretary for sustaining the Center of 
        Excellence during the period covered by the future-years 
        defense program submitted in 2013 under section 221 of title 
        10, United States Code.

SEC. 215. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR PRECISION EXTENDED 
              RANGE MUNITION PROGRAM.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2014 for the Department of Defense, not 
more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended for the precision 
extended range munition program until the date on which the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics submits 
to the congressional defense committees written certification that--
            (1) such program is necessary to meet a valid operational 
        need that cannot be met by the existing precision guided mortar 
        munition of the Army, other indirect fire weapons, or aerial-
        delivered joint fires; and
            (2) a sufficient business case exists to proceed with 
        development and production of such program.

SEC. 216. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE PROGRAM MANAGER 
              FOR BIOMETRICS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation for the Department of Defense program 
manager for biometrics for future biometric architectures or systems, 
not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 
30 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a report 
assessing the future program structure for biometrics oversight and 
execution and architectural requirements for biometrics enabling 
capability.
    (b) Matters Included.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the roles and responsibilities of the 
        principal staff assistant for biometrics, the program manager 
        for biometrics, and the Biometrics Identity Management Agency, 
        including an analysis of alternatives to evaluate--
                    (A) how to better align responsibilities for the 
                multiple elements of the military departments and the 
                Department of Defense with responsibility for 
                biometrics, including the Navy and the Marine Corps; 
                the Office of the Provost Marshall General, and the 
                intelligence community; and
                    (B) whether the program management responsibilities 
                of the Department of Defense program manager for 
                biometrics should be retained by the Army or 
                transferred to another military department or element 
                of the Department based on the expected future 
                operating environment.
            (2) An assessment of the current requirements for the 
        biometrics enabling capability to ensure the capability 
        continues to meet the needs of the relevant military 
        departments and elements of the Department of Defense based on 
        the future operating environment after the drawdown in 
        Afghanistan.
            (3) An analysis of the need to merge the program management 
        structures and systems architecture and requirements 
        development process for biometrics and forensics applications.

SEC. 217. UNMANNED COMBAT AIR SYSTEM DEMONSTRATION TESTING REQUIREMENT.

    Not later than October 1, 2014, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
demonstrate, with respect to the X-47B unmanned combat air system 
aircraft, the following:
            (1) Unmanned autonomous rendezvous and aerial-refueling 
        operations using the receptacle and probe equipment of the X-
        47B aircraft.
            (2) The ability of such aircraft to on-load fuel from 
        airborne tanker aircraft using both the boom and drogue 
        equipment installed on the tanker aircraft.

SEC. 218. LONG-RANGE STANDOFF WEAPON REQUIREMENT.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop a follow-on air-
launched cruise missile to the AGM-86 that--
            (1) achieves initial operating capability for both 
        conventional and nuclear missions by not later than 2030; and
            (2) is certified for internal carriage and employment for 
        both conventional and nuclear missions on the next-generation 
        long-range strike bomber by not later than 2034.

SEC. 219. REVIEW OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Review.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall establish an independent team 
consisting of subject matter experts to review the development of 
software for the F-35 aircraft program (in this section referred to as 
the ``software development program''), including by reviewing the 
progress made in--
            (1) managing the software development program; and
            (2) delivering critical software capability in accordance 
        with current program milestones.
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 3, 2014, the Under Secretary 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
review under subsection (a). Such report shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment by the independent team with respect to 
        whether the software development program--
                    (A) has been successful in meeting the key 
                milestone dates occurring before the date of the 
                report; and
                    (B) will be successful in meeting the established 
                program schedule.
            (2) Any recommendations of the independent team with 
        respect to improving the software development program to ensure 
        that, in support of the start of initial operational testing, 
        the established program schedule is met on time.
            (3) If the independent team determines that the software 
        development program will be unable to deliver the full 
        complement of software within the established program schedule, 
        any potential alternatives that the independent team considers 
        appropriate to deliver such software within such schedule.

SEC. 220. EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND 
              SYSTEM.

    (a) Project Codes for Budget Submissions.--In the budget 
transmitted by the President to Congress under section 1105 of title 
31, United States Code, for fiscal year 2015 and each subsequent fiscal 
year, each capability component within the distributed common ground 
system program shall be set forth as a separate project code within the 
program element line, and each covered official shall submit supporting 
justification for the project code within the program element 
descriptive summary.
    (b) Analysis.--
            (1) Requirement.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall conduct an 
        analysis of commercial link analysis tools that are compliant 
        with the intelligence community data standards and could be 
        used to meet the requirements of the distributed common ground 
        system program.
            (2) Elements.--The analysis required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) Revalidation of the distributed common ground 
                system program requirements for link analysis tools 
                based on current program needs, recent operational 
                experience, and the requirement for nonproprietary 
                solutions that adhere to open-architecture principles.
                    (B) Market research of current commercially 
                available link analysis tools to determine which tools, 
                if any, could potentially satisfy the requirements 
                described in subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Analysis of the competitive acquisition options 
                for any commercially available link analysis tools 
                identified in subparagraph (B).
            (3) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees the results of the 
        analysis conducted under paragraph (1).
    (c) Competition Required.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided by paragraph (3), if 
        the Under Secretary identifies one or more commercial link 
        analysis tools under subsection (b) (other than such tools 
        offered by the current technology provider) that meet the 
        requirements for the distributed common ground system program, 
        including the requirement for nonproprietary solutions that 
        adhere to open-architecture principles, each covered official 
        shall initiate a request for proposals for such link analysis 
        tools by not later than 180 days after the Under Secretary 
        makes such identification. Such a request for proposals shall 
        be based on market research and competitive procedures in 
        accordance with applicable law and the Defense Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation Supplement.
            (2) Notification.--Each covered official shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees written notification of 
        any request for proposals issued under paragraph (1) by not 
        later than 30 days after such request is issued.
            (3) Waiver of rfp timeline.--If a covered official 
        determines that issuing a request for proposals by the date 
        specified in paragraph (1) would not be aligned with the 
        acquisition or developmental milestones of the distributed 
        common ground station program, the covered official may waive 
        the requirement to issue such a request for proposals by such 
        date if the covered official submits to the congressional 
        defense committees a written notification of such waiver that 
        includes--
                    (A) the reasons for making such a waiver; and
                    (B) identification of when in the acquisition 
                timeline of such program that the covered official 
                plans to issue the request for proposals.
    (d) Covered Official Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
official'' means the following:
            (1) The Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters 
        concerning the Army.
            (2) The Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters 
        concerning the Navy.
            (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters 
        concerning the Air Force.
            (4) The Commandant of the Marine Corps, with respect to 
        matters concerning the Marine Corps.
            (5) The Commander of the United States Special Operations 
        Command, with respect to matters concerning the United States 
        Special Operations Command.

SEC. 221. REQUIREMENT TO COMPLETE INDIVIDUAL CARBINE TESTING.

    The Secretary of the Army may not cancel the individual carbine 
program unless the Secretary--
            (1) completes the Phase III down-select and user-evaluation 
        phase of the individual carbine competitors;
            (2) conducts the required comprehensive business case 
        analysis of such program; and
            (3) submits to the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) the results of the down-select and user 
                evaluation described in paragraph (1); and
                    (B) the business case analysis described in 
                paragraph (2).

SEC. 222. ESTABLISHMENT OF FUNDING LINE AND FIELDING PLAN FOR NAVY 
              LASER WEAPON SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that each future-years 
defense program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10, 
United States Code, that covers any of fiscal years 2018 through 2028 
includes a funding line and fielding plan for a Navy laser weapon 
system with respect to such fiscal years.
    (b) Alternative Report.--If the Secretary determines that the 
technology and maturation efforts of a Navy laser weapon system 
conducted prior to fiscal year 2016 do not indicate that suitable 
technology warranting a program of record for such system will be 
available by 2018, the Secretary may waive the requirements of 
subsection (a) if the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
committees written justification of such determination, including a 
description of the technical shortcomings of such system, by not later 
than March 30, 2016.

SEC. 223. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON IMPORTANCE OF ALIGNING COMMON MISSILE 
              COMPARTMENT OF OHIO-CLASS REPLACEMENT PROGRAM WITH THE 
              UNITED KINGDOM'S VANGUARD SUCCESSOR PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Polaris Sales Agreement of 1963 formally arranged 
        for the Polaris missile system to be purchased by the United 
        Kingdom for its submarines. It was extended in 1982 to include 
        the Trident missile system and this agreement continues to 
        underpin the independent nuclear deterrent of the United 
        Kingdom.
            (2) April 2013 marked the 50-year anniversary of the 
        agreement.
            (3) Since the inception of the agreement, the agreement has 
        been a tremendous success and provided great benefits to both 
        nations by creating major cost savings, stronger nuclear 
        deterrence, and a stronger alliance.
            (4) The Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine replacement 
        of the United States and the Vanguard-class ballistic missile 
        successor of the United Kingdom will share a common missile 
        compartment and the Trident II/D5 strategic weapon system.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Navy should make every 
effort to ensure that the common missile compartment associated with 
the Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine replacement program stays on 
schedule and is aligned with the Vanguard-successor program of the 
United Kingdom in order for the United States to fulfill its 
longstanding commitment to our ally and partner in sea-based strategic 
deterrence.

SEC. 224. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON COUNTER-ELECTRONICS HIGH POWER MICROWAVE 
              MISSILE PROJECT.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) following the successful joint technology capability 
        demonstration that the counter-electronics high power microwave 
        missile project (in this section referred to as ``CHAMP'') 
        conducted last year, the Air Force should examine the results 
        of the demonstration and consider the demonstration as a 
        potential solution during any analysis of alternatives 
        conducted in 2014;
            (2) an analysis of alternatives is an important step in the 
        long term-term development of a high power microwave weapon;
            (3) additionally, a near-term option may be available to 
        get such capability to commanders of the combatant commands 
        should the capability be required;
            (4) the Secretary of the Air Force should pursue both near- 
        and long-term high power microwave weapon systems;
            (5) CHAMP could be developed as a cruise missile delivered 
        weapon with target availability to commanders of the combatant 
        commands by 2016; and
            (6) such development should not prohibit or divert 
        resources from an analysis of alternatives and long-term 
        development of a high power microwave weapon.

SEC. 225. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR SPACE-BASED INFRARED 
              SYSTEMS SPACE PROGRAM.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2014 for the Department of Defense, not 
more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended for the space-based 
infrared systems space modernization initiative wide-field-of-view 
testbed until the Executive Agent for Space of the Department of 
Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that the 
Secretary of Defense is carrying out the Operationally Responsive Space 
Program Office in accordance with section 2273a of title 10, United 
States Code.

                  Subtitle C--Missile Defense Programs

SEC. 231. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR MEADS PROGRAM.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended for the medium 
extended air defense system.
    (b) Harvesting Technology.--
            (1) Notice and wait.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
        carry out actions described in paragraph (2) until a period of 
        120 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
        notifies the congressional defense committees of the plans of 
        the Secretary to carry out such actions.
            (2) Actions described.--Actions described in this paragraph 
        are actions relating to harvesting technology of the medium 
        extended air defense system.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 15, 2014, the 
        Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the opportunities to harvest technology 
        of the medium extended air defense system to modernize the 
        various air and missile defense systems and integrated 
        architecture of the Army, based on the report required by 
        section 226 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1678).
            (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A review of current Army and joint requirements 
                to which any harvested technology of the medium 
                extended air defense system might be applied.
                    (B) The timeline of the Secretary for completion of 
                an analysis of alternatives to technologies and systems 
                being considered for harvesting.
                    (C) An overview of the planned acquisition strategy 
                for any major systems being considered for harvesting 
                and for insertion into the integrated air and missile 
                defense architecture.
    (d) Application.--The prohibition in subsection (a) may not be 
superseded except by a provision of law that specifically supersedes, 
repeals, or modifies such subsection.

SEC. 232. ADDITIONAL MISSILE DEFENSE SITE IN THE UNITED STATES FOR 
              OPTIMIZED PROTECTION OF THE HOMELAND.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) President George W. Bush and President Barack Obama 
        have each recognized the necessity for an additional measure of 
        protection-beyond missile defense sites in Alaska and 
        California-for defending the United States against 
        intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) threats emanating 
        from the Middle East.
            (2) General Jacoby, the Commander of the United States 
        Northern Command, testified before Congress that ``we should 
        consider that Iran has a capability within the next few years 
        of flight testing ICBM capable technologies'' and that ``the 
        Iranians are intent on developing an ICBM''.
            (3) General Kehler, the Commander of the United States 
        Strategic Command, testified before Congress that ``I am 
        confident that we can defend against a limited attack from 
        Iran, although we are not in the most optimum posture to do 
        that today * * * it doesn't provide total defense today''.
            (4) General Jacoby also testified before Congress that ``I 
        would agree that a third site, wherever the decision is to 
        build a third site, would give me better weapons access, 
        increased GBI inventory and allow us the battle space to more 
        optimize our defense against future threats from Iran and North 
        Korea''.
            (5) Section 227 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1678) 
        directs the Missile Defense Agency--
                    (A) to conduct environmental impact studies for 
                three potential locations for an additional missile 
                defense site capable of protecting the homeland; and
                    (B) to develop a contingency plan in case the 
                President determines to proceed with deployment of such 
                an additional site.
            (6) According the Missile Defense Agency, the cost to 
        deploy up to 20 ground-based interceptors (GBIs) at a new 
        missile defense site on the East Coast of the United States is 
        approximately $3,000,000,000 and would require approximately 5 
        to 6 years to complete.
    (b) Additional Missile Defense Site.--
            (1) In general.--The Missile Defense Agency shall construct 
        and make operational in fiscal year 2018 an additional homeland 
        missile defense site capable of protecting the homeland, 
        designed to complement existing sites in Alaska and California, 
        to deal more effectively with the long-range ballistic missile 
        threat from the Middle East.
            (2) Requirement in addition to other required activities 
        regarding missile defense sites.--The Missile Defense Agency 
        shall carry out the requirement in paragraph (1) to construct 
        and deploy an additional homeland missile defense site 
        (including any advance procurement and engineering and design 
        in connection with such site) while continuing to meet the 
        requirement to prepare environmental impact statements and a 
        contingency plan under section 227 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 for the missile defense 
        sites described in that section.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Director of the Missile Defense 
        Agency shall submit to Congress a report on the missile defense 
        site required to be constructed and deployed under paragraph 
        (1). The report shall include a description of the current 
        estimate of the funding to be required for construction and 
        deployment of the missile defense site, including for advance 
        procurement, engineering and design, materials and 
        construction, interceptor missiles, and sensors.

SEC. 233. LIMITATION ON REMOVAL OF MISSILE DEFENSE EQUIPMENT FROM EAST 
              ASIA.

    (a) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States that--
            (1) the missile defenses of the United States provide 
        defense against multiple threats, including threats to the 
        United States, allies of the United States, and the deployed 
        forces of the United States; and
            (2) the elimination of one threat, for example the illegal 
        nuclear weapons program of a rogue state, does not eliminate 
        the reason the United States deploys missile defenses to a 
        particular region, including to defend allies of the United 
        States and deployed forces of the United States from other 
        regional threats.
    (b) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (c) or (d), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2014 or any fiscal year thereafter may 
be obligated or expended to remove missile defense equipment of the 
United States from East Asia until a period of 180 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the President certifies to the 
congressional defense committees the following:
            (1) Each country in East Asia that poses a threat to allies 
        of the United States has verifiably dismantled the nuclear 
        weapons and ballistic missile programs of such country.
            (2) The President has consulted with such allies with 
        respect to the dismantlement described in paragraph (1) that--
                    (A) such dismantlement has occurred; and
                    (B) the missile defense platforms of the United 
                States located in East Asia are no longer needed.
    (c) Waiver.--The President may waive the limitation in subsection 
(b) with respect to removing missile defense equipment of the United 
States from East Asia if--
            (1) the President submits to the congressional defense 
        committees--
                    (A) a certification that such waiver is in the 
                national security interest of the United States; and
                    (B) a report, in unclassified form, explaining--
                            (i) why the President cannot make a 
                        certification for such removal under subsection 
                        (b);
                            (ii) the national security interest covered 
                        by the certification made under subparagraph 
                        (A); and
                            (iii) how the President will provide a 
                        commensurate level of defense for the United 
                        States, allies of the United States, and 
                        deployed forces of the United States, as 
                        provided by such missile defense equipment 
                        being removed; and
            (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
        which the President submits the information under paragraph 
        (1).
    (d) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (b) shall not apply to 
destroyers and cruisers of the Navy equipped with the Aegis ballistic 
missile defense system.

SEC. 234. IMPROVEMENTS TO ACQUISITION ACCOUNTABILITY REPORTS ON 
              BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Section 225 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(3)(A), by inserting ``comprehensive'' 
        before ``life-cycle''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Quality of Cost Estimates.--(1) The Director shall ensure 
that each cost estimate included in an acquisition baseline pursuant to 
subsection (b)(3) includes all operation and support costs, regardless 
of funding source, for which the Director is responsible.
    ``(2) In each such baseline submitted to the congressional defense 
committees, the Director shall state whether the underlying cost 
estimates in such baseline meet the criteria of the Comptroller General 
of the United States to be considered a high-quality estimate. If the 
Director states that such estimates do not meet such criteria, the 
Director shall include in such baseline the actions, including a 
schedule, that the Director plans to carry out for the estimates to 
meet such criteria.''.
    (b) Report.--Not later than February 15, 2014, the Director of the 
Missile Defense Agency shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report of the plans and schedule of the Director with 
respect to when the Director will meet the quality and criteria of cost 
estimates required by section 225(e) of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a)(2).

SEC. 235. ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES FOR SUCCESSOR TO PRECISION TRACKING 
              SPACE SYSTEM.

    (a) Analysis of Alternatives Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of the Missile Defense 
        Agency, in cooperation with the Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation and the Defense Space Council, shall perform 
        an analysis of alternatives for a successor to the precision 
        tracking space system.
            (2) Consideration.--The Director shall ensure that the 
        analysis of alternatives under paragraph (1) considers the 
        following:
                    (A) Current and future terrestrial, airborne, and 
                space capabilities and capability gaps for missile 
                defense sensing requirements.
                    (B) Current and planned overhead persistent 
                infrared architecture and the potential for the future 
                exploitability of such architecture.
                    (C) Lessons learned from the space tracking and 
                surveillance system and precision tracking space system 
                technology development programs.
                    (D) Opinions of private industry based on the 
                experience of such industry with delivering space 
                capabilities.
                    (E) Opportunities for such successor system to 
                contribute to nonmissile defense missions with unmet 
                requirements, including space situational awareness.
            (3) Role of other departments.--In conducting the analysis 
        of alternatives under paragraph (1), the Director shall compare 
        the advantages and disadvantages, including in terms of costs, 
        with respect to the Director--
                    (A) developing a successor to the precision 
                tracking space system solely for the Missile Defense 
                Agency; and
                    (B) cooperating with other heads of departments and 
                agencies of the United States to develop space systems 
                that are multi-mission, including by hosting payloads.
    (b) Submission Required.--
            (1) Terms of reference.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees the terms of reference of 
        the analysis of alternatives performed under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report including--
                    (A) the analysis of alternatives for a successor to 
                the precision tracking space system performed under 
                subsection (a)(1); and
                    (B) a description of the potential platforms on 
                which a hosted payload could be hosted.
            (3) Form.--The report required by paragraph (2) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 224 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1675) is repealed.

SEC. 236. PLAN TO IMPROVE ORGANIC KILL ASSESSMENT CAPABILITY OF THE 
              GROUND-BASED MIDCOURSE DEFENSE SYSTEM.

    (a) Organic Kill Assessment Capability.--The Director of the 
Missile Defense Agency and the Commander of the United States Northern 
Command, in consultation with the Commander of the United States 
Strategic Command, shall jointly develop--
            (1) options to achieve an organic kill assessment 
        capability for the ground-based midcourse defense system that 
        can be developed by not later than December 31, 2019, including 
        by improving the command, control, battle management, and 
        communications program and the sensor and communications 
        architecture of the Agency; and
            (2) a plan to carry out such options that gives priority to 
        including such capabilities in at least some of the 14 ground-
        based interceptors that will be procured by the Director, as 
        announced by the Secretary of Defense on March 15, 2013.
    (b) Improved Hit Assessment.--The Director and the Commander of the 
United States Northern Command, in consultation with the Commander of 
the United States Strategic Command, shall jointly develop an interim 
capability for improved hit assessment for the ground-based midcourse 
defense system that can be integrated into near-term enhanced kill 
vehicle upgrades and refurbishment.
    (c) Submission to Congress.--Not later than March 15, 2014, the 
Director and the Commander of the United States Northern Command shall 
jointly submit to the congressional defense committees a report on--
            (1) the development of an organic kill assessment 
        capability under subsection (a), including the plan developed 
        under paragraph (2) of such subsection; and
            (2) the development of an interim capability for improved 
        hit assessment under subsection (b).

SEC. 237. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR IRON DOME SHORT-RANGE ROCKET 
              DEFENSE PROGRAM.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 by 
section 201 for research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-
wide, and available for the Missile Defense Agency, $15,000,000 may be 
obligated or expended for enhancing the capability for producing the 
Iron Dome short-range rocket defense program in the United States, 
including for infrastructure, tooling, transferring data, special test 
equipment, and related components.

SEC. 238. NATO AND THE PHASED, ADAPTIVE APPROACH TO MISSILE DEFENSE IN 
              EUROPE.

    (a) NATO Funding.--
            (1) Phase i of epaa.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the President shall consult with 
        the North Atlantic Council and the Secretary General of the 
        North Atlantic Treaty Organization (in this section referred to 
        as ``NATO'') on--
                    (A) the funding of the phased, adaptive approach to 
                missile defense in Europe; and
                    (B) establishing a plan for NATO to provide at 
                least 50 percent of the infrastructure and operations 
                and maintenance costs of phase I of the phased, 
                adaptive approach to missile defense in Europe.
            (2) Phases ii and iii of epaa.--The President shall use the 
        NATO Military Common-Funded Resources process to seek to fund 
        at least 50 percent of the costs for phases II and III of the 
        phased, adaptive approach to missile defense in Europe.
            (3) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and each 180-day period thereafter, the 
        President shall submit to the congressional defense committees, 
        the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate a report on the funding provided by NATO pursuant to 
        paragraphs (1) and (2).
    (b) Interceptors.--If the Secretary of Defense determines that it 
is useful to the interests of the United States, the Secretary shall 
seek to engage with members of NATO to establish a NATO common pool of 
Aegis standard missile-3 block IA, standard missile-3 block IB, and 
standard missile-3 block IIA interceptors to defend NATO members 
through the phased, adaptive approach to missile defense in Europe.

SEC. 239. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON PROCUREMENT OF CAPABILITY ENHANCEMENT II 
              EXOATMOSPHERIC KILL VEHICLE.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense should 
not procure a Capability Enhancement II exoatmospheric kill vehicle for 
deployment until after the date on which a successful operational 
flight test of the Capability Enhancement II ground-based interceptor 
has occurred unless such procurement is for test assets or to maintain 
a warm line for the industrial base.

SEC. 240. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE STRATEGIC 
              DEFENSE INITIATIVE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) President Ronald Reagan in March 1983, in a speech from 
        the oval office, laid the corner stone for a long-term research 
        and development program to begin to achieve our ultimate goal 
        of eliminating the threat posed by strategic nuclear missiles.
            (2) President Reagan stated, ``I've become more and more 
        deeply convinced that the human spirit must be capable of 
        rising above dealing with other nations and human beings by 
        threatening their existence * * * What if free people could 
        live secure in the knowledge that their security did not rest 
        upon the threat of instant United States retaliation to deter a 
        Soviet attack, that we could intercept and destroy strategic 
        ballistic missiles before they reached our own soil or that of 
        our allies?''.
            (3) The Strategic Defense Initiative, also known as ``Star 
        Wars'', challenged the nation to accomplish the impossible by 
        moving beyond the obvious possibilities of the day to set the 
        United States and our allies up for success.
            (4) In 1999, the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization 
        (BMDO), National Missile Defense (NMD) prototype interceptor 
        successfully demonstrated ``hit-to-kill'' technology 
        intercepting a modified Minuteman intercontinental Ballistic 
        Missile (ICBM).
            (5) Congress passed the National Missile Defense Act of 
        1999 (Public Law 106-38) (signed by President Clinton), which 
        stated, ``It is the policy of the United States to deploy, as 
        soon as is technologically possible, an effective National 
        Missile Defense system capable of defending the territory of 
        the United States against limited ballistic missile attack 
        (whether accidental, unauthorized, or deliberate)''.
            (6) On December 13, 2001, President George W. Bush 
        announced ``I have concluded the ABM treaty hinders our 
        government's ability to develop ways to protect our people from 
        future terrorist or rogue state missile attacks''.
            (7) Russian President Vladimir Putin said the move was 
        ``not a threat to the security of the Russian Federation''.
            (8) Since 2001, the United States has deployed considerable 
        Missile Defense capability: 30 ground-based interceptors 
        defending the continental U.S. today; 32 Aegis BMD ships; 113 
        SM-3 IA interceptors; 25 SM-3 IB interceptors; 3 THAAD 
        batteries and 89 interceptors; and 8 AN/TPY-2 forward-based 
        sensors.
            (9) The United States has partnerships with 22 nations, and 
        the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), for missile 
        defense cooperation. Likewise, India and South Korea are 
        developing missile defenses and the Russian Federation and 
        People's Republic of China are also developing and improving 
        missile defenses.
            (10) Since 2001 when they began development, United States 
        missile defenses have had a test record of 58 of 73 hit-to-kill 
        intercept attempts and have been successful across all programs 
        of the integrated system, including Aegis Ballistic Missile 
        Defense (BMD), Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD), Terminal 
        High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), and PATRIOT Advanced 
        Capability-3.
            (11) In July of 2004, the United States missile defense 
        system was declared operational with limited capability. Since 
        that time, it has offered defense against limited threats to 
        the continental United States.
            (12) The United States has cooperatively developed with our 
        Israeli allies a number of missile defense systems including 
        Arrow, Arrow 3 and David's Sling, systems which will protector 
        our Israeli allies and contribute technology and expertise to 
        United States systems.
            (13) The United States in support of NATO deployed a 
        Patriot missile battery to defend the population and territory 
        of Turkey and provide material support for Article V of the 
        North Atlantic Treaty in the event of spillover from the Syrian 
        civil war and has deployed Phase I of the European Phased 
        Adaptive Approach, which includes a transportable x-band radar 
        array and an on-station AEGIS ballistic missile defense ship 
        armed with Standard Missile 3 block IA missile interceptors.
            (14) When United States territory, deployed forces and 
        allies were threatened by North Korean ballistic missiles the 
        United States had the operational capability and national will 
        to deploy THAAD units to Guam to provide a defensive shield.
            (15) The United States continues to work jointly with Japan 
        to improve the Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) which 
        in addition to providing missile defense in the Pacific is also 
        a keystone in the Phased Adaptive Approach for European missile 
        defense.
            (16) On-going research and development under the auspices 
        of the Missile Defense Agency will continue to expand the 
        technology envelope to deploy a layered missile defense system 
        capable of defending the homeland, our military forces deployed 
        overseas, friendly nations and our allies against all ballistic 
        missiles from launch and orbit to reentry.
            (17) A credible ballistic missile defense system is 
        critical to the national defense of the United States.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) recognizes the inspiring leadership of President Ronald 
        Reagan to ``maintain the peace through strength'';
            (2) recognizes the enduring obligation President as 
        Commander in Chief to`` preserve, protect, and defend the 
        Constitution'';
            (3) commemorates the vision of President Reagan on the 30th 
        anniversary of the Strategic Defense Initiative;
            (4) believes that it is imperative that the United States 
        continue fielding a robust missile defense system, including 
        additional ground based interceptors; and
            (5) commits to supporting continued investments in future 
        missile defense capabilities and emerging technologies such as 
        directed energy and railguns.

SEC. 241. READINESS OF INTERCONTINENTAL BALLISTIC MISSILE FORCE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall preserve each intercontinental 
ballistic missile silo that contains a deployed missile as of the date 
of the enactment of this Act in, at minimum, a warm status that enables 
such silo to--
            (1) remain a fully functioning element of the 
        interconnected and redundant command and control system of the 
        missile field; and
            (2) be made fully operational with a deployed missile.

SEC. 242. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON NEGOTIATIONS AFFECTING THE MISSILE 
              DEFENSES OF THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) On April 15, 2013, the National Security Advisor to the 
        President, Tom Donilon, conveyed a personal letter from 
        President Obama to the President of the Russian Federation, 
        Vladimir Putin.
            (2) Press reports indicate that in this letter the 
        President proposed, ``developing a legally-binding agreement on 
        transparency, which would include exchange of information to 
        confirm that our programs do not pose a threat to each other's 
        deterrence forces,'' through ``a so-called executive agreement, 
        for which [the President] does not need to seek the consent of 
        Congress.''.
            (3) The Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia, Sergei Ryabkov, 
        stated in response to the letter that, ``the proposals of the 
        U.S. side on the issue are quite concrete and are related in a 
        certain way to the discussions our countries had at various 
        levels in the past years. And it cannot be said from this point 
        of view that the offers are decorative and not serious. No, I 
        want to emphasize that we are committing to the seriousness of 
        these proposals but we note their insufficiency.''.
            (4) Press reports indicate that the Secretary of the 
        Russian Security Council, Nikolai Patrushev, conveyed a 
        response to the letter from President Putin.
            (5) President Obama's proposed deal with Russian President 
        Putin has been kept secret from Congress and the American 
        people.
            (6) The Administration has systematically denied Congress 
        information about past offers of United States missile defense 
        concessions to Russia, including written requests from Members 
        of the House of Representatives.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the President should promptly convey to Congress the 
        details of any proposed deals with the Russian Federation 
        concerning the missile defenses or nuclear arms of the United 
        States; and
            (2) the missile defenses of the United States are central 
        to the defense of the homeland from ballistic missile threats, 
        particularly if nuclear deterrence fails, thus such defenses 
        are not something that the President should continue to trade 
        away for the prospects of nuclear arms reductions with Russia, 
        the People's Republic of China, or any other foreign country.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 251. ANNUAL COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON THE AMPHIBIOUS COMBAT 
              VEHICLE ACQUISITION PROGRAM.

    (a) Annual GAO Review.--During the period beginning on the date of 
the enactment of this Act and ending on March 1, 2018, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall conduct an annual review of the 
amphibious combat vehicle acquisition program.
    (b) Annual Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1 of each year 
        beginning in 2014 and ending in 2018, the Comptroller General 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the review of the amphibious combat vehicle acquisition 
        program conducted under subsection (a).
            (2) Matters to be included.--Each report under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) The extent to which the program is meeting 
                development and procurement cost, schedule, 
                performance, and risk mitigation goals.
                    (B) With respect to meeting the desired initial 
                operational capability and full operational capability 
                dates for the amphibious combat vehicle, the progress 
                and results of--
                            (i) developmental and operational testing 
                        of the vehicle; and
                            (ii) plans for correcting deficiencies in 
                        vehicle performance, operational effectiveness, 
                        reliability, suitability, and safety.
                    (C) An assessment of procurement plans, production 
                results, and efforts to improve manufacturing 
                efficiency and supplier performance.
                    (D) An assessment of the acquisition strategy of 
                the amphibious combat vehicle, including whether such 
                strategy is in compliance with acquisition management 
                best-practices and the acquisition policy and 
                regulations of the Department of Defense.
                    (E) An assessment of the projected operations and 
                support costs and the viability of the Marine Corps to 
                afford to operate and sustain the amphibious combat 
                vehicle.
            (3) Additional information.--In submitting to the 
        congressional defense committees the first report under 
        paragraph (1) and a report following any changes made by the 
        Secretary of the Navy to the baseline documentation of the 
        amphibious combat vehicle acquisition program, the Comptroller 
        General shall include, with respect to such program, an 
        assessment of the sufficiency and objectivity of--
                    (A) the analysis of alternatives;
                    (B) the initial capabilities document; and
                    (C) the capabilities development document.

SEC. 252. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO IMPROVE BODY ARMOR.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the comprehensive research 
and development strategy of the Secretary to achieve significant 
reductions in the weight of body armor.
    (b) Matters Included.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A brief description of each solution for body armor 
        weight reduction that is being developed as of the date of the 
        report.
            (2) For each such solution--
                    (A) the costs, schedules, and performance 
                requirements;
                    (B) the research and development funding profile;
                    (C) a description of the materials being used in 
                the solution; and
                    (D) the feasibility and technology readiness levels 
                of the solution and the materials.
            (3) A strategy to provide resources for future research and 
        development of body armor weight reduction.
            (4) An explanation of how the Secretary is using a modular 
        or tailorable solution to approach body armor weight reduction.
            (5) A description of how the Secretary coordinates the 
        research and development of body armor weight reduction being 
        carried out by the military departments.
            (6) Any other matter the Secretary considers appropriate.

SEC. 253. REPORT ON MAIN BATTLE TANK FUEL EFFICIENCY INITIATIVE.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the investment strategy to accelerate fuel 
efficiency improvements to the current engine and transmission of the 
M1 Abrams series main battle tank as part of the Army's Engineering 
Change Proposal Phase I strategy.

SEC. 254. REPORT ON POWERED RAIL SYSTEM.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the powered rail system 
compared to currently fielded solutions. Such report shall include each 
of the following:
            (1) Verification of relevant studies previously conducted 
        by the Army, including that of the Maneuver Center of 
        Excellence, which show that a typical infantry platoon requires 
        approximately 430 pounds of batteries for a 72-hour mission, or 
        roughly 10 pounds per soldier, and that the per-soldier, per-
        year procurement, storage, transport and disposal costs of 
        these batteries are between $50,000 and $65,000.
            (2) An assessment of the comparative total cost of 
        ownership, including procurement, fielding, training, and 
        sustainment of the existing rail system and associated rail-
        mounted devices with respect to battery types and usage, when 
        compared to that of a powered rail or intelligent rail system 
        with a consolidated power source.
            (3) An assessment of the specific effects of excessive 
        battery weight on soldier mobility, endurance and lethality 
        determined through side-by-side time, endurance, motion and 
        lethality tests between soldiers operating with existing rail-
        mounted weapon accessories and soldiers using the powered rail 
        or intelligent rail solution.
            (4) An assessment of the advantages to the Army of 
        incorporating the high-speed communications capability embedded 
        in the powered rail or intelligent rail technology, including 
        the integration of existing Army devices and devices in 
        development such as the family of weapons sights and the 
        enhanced night vision goggles, with the powered rail 
        technology, and the connection of these previously unconnected 
        devices to the soldier network.
    (b) Testing.--Any testing conducted in order to produce the report 
required by subsection (a) shall be supervised and validated by the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation of the Department of 
Defense.

SEC. 255. REPORT ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS 
              SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that assesses whether the Science, Mathematics and 
Research for Transformation (SMART) scholarship program, or related 
scholarship or fellowship programs within the Department of Defense, 
are providing the necessary number of undergraduate and graduate 
students in the fields of science, technology, engineer, and 
mathematics to meet the recommendations contained in the report of the 
Commission on Research and Development in the United States 
Intelligence Community, as well as recommendation for how SMART and 
similar program might be improved to better satisfy those 
recommendations.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 261. ESTABLISHMENT OF CRYPTOGRAPHIC MODERNIZATION REVIEW AND 
              ADVISORY BOARD.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 189. Cryptographic Modernization Review and Advisory Board
    ``(a) Establishment.--There shall be in the Department of Defense a 
Cryptographic Modernization Review and Advisory Board (in this section 
referred to as the `Board') to review and assess the cryptographic 
modernization activities of the Department and provide advice to the 
Secretary with respect to such activities pursuant to the roles and 
responsibilities outlined in the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
Instruction 6510.02D.
    ``(b) Members.--(1) The Secretary shall determine the number of 
members of the Board.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall appoint officers in the grade of general 
or admiral and civilian employees of the Department of Defense in the 
Senior Executive Service to serve as members of the Board.
    ``(c) Responsibilities.--The Board shall--
            ``(1) review compliance with cease-use dates for specific 
        cryptographic systems based on rigorous analysis of technical 
        and threat factors and issue guidance, as needed, to relevant 
        program executive offices and program managers;
            ``(2) monitor the overall cryptographic modernization 
        efforts of the Department, including while such efforts are 
        being executed;
            ``(3) convene in-depth technical program reviews, as 
        needed, for specific cryptographic modernization developments 
        with respect to validating current and in-draft requirements of 
        systems of the Department of Defense and identifying 
        programmatic risks;
            ``(4) develop a five-year cryptographic modernization plan 
        to--
                    ``(A) make recommendations to the Joint 
                Requirements Oversight Council with respect to updating 
                or modifying requirements for cryptographic 
                modernization; and
                    ``(B) identify previously unidentified 
                requirements;
            ``(5) develop a long-term roadmap to--
                    ``(A) ensure synchronization with major planning 
                documents;
                    ``(B) anticipate risks and issues in 10- and 20-
                year timelines; and
                    ``(C) ensure that the expertise and insights of the 
                military departments, Defense Agencies, the combatant 
                commands, industry, academia, and key allies are 
                included in the course of developing and carrying out 
                cryptographic modernization activities;
            ``(6) develop a concept of operations for how cryptographic 
        systems should function in a system-of-systems environment; and
            ``(7) advise the Secretary on the development of a 
        cryptographic asset visibility system.
    ``(d) Exclusion of Certain Programs.--The Board shall not include 
programs funded under the National Intelligence Program (as defined in 
section 3(6) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(6))) 
in carrying out this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding after the item relating to section 
188 the following new item:

``189. Cryptographic Modernization Review and Advisory Board.''.

SEC. 262. CLARIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY OF A STATE TO PARTICIPATE IN 
              DEFENSE EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM TO STIMULATE COMPETITIVE 
              RESEARCH.

    Subparagraph (A) of section 257(d)(2) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(A) the State is eligible for the experimental program to 
        stimulate competitive research under section 113 of the 
        National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 1988 (42 
        U.S.C. 1862g); and''.

SEC. 263. EXTENSION AND EXPANSION OF MECHANISMS TO PROVIDE FUNDS FOR 
              DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
              TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY MISSIONS.

    (a) Clarification of Availability of Funds.--Section 219 of the 
Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
(10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Availability of Funds for Infrastructure Revitalization 
Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to the provisions of this 
        subsection, funds available under a mechanism under subsection 
        (a) for specific laboratory infrastructure revitalization 
        projects shall be available for such projects until expended.
            ``(2) Prior notice of costs of projects.--Funds shall be 
        available in accordance with paragraph (1) for a project 
        referred to in that paragraph only if the congressional defense 
        committees are notified of the total cost of the project before 
        the commencement of the project.
            ``(3) Accumulation of funds for projects.--Funds may 
        accumulate under a mechanism under subsection (a) for a project 
        referred to in paragraph (1) for not more than five years.
            ``(4) Limitation on total cost of project.--Funds shall be 
        available in accordance with paragraph (1) for a project 
        referred to in that paragraph only if the cost of the project 
        does not exceed $4,000,000.''.
    (b) Extension.--Subsection (d) of such section, as redesignated by 
subsection (a)(1) of this section, is amended by striking ``September 
30, 2016'' and inserting ``September 30, 2020''.
    (c) Application.--Subsection (b) of section 219 of the Duncan 
Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 
U.S.C. 2358 note), as added by subsection (a)(2), shall apply with 
respect to funds made available under such section 219 after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 264. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO AWARD PRIZES FOR ADVANCED 
              TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.

    Section 2374a(f) of chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2013'' and inserting ``September 
30, 2018''.

SEC. 265. FIVE-YEAR EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM TO INCLUDE TECHNOLOGY 
              PROTECTION FEATURES DURING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
              CERTAIN DEFENSE SYSTEMS.

    Section 243(d) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended by striking ``October 1, 2015'' and inserting ``October 1, 
2020''.

SEC. 266. BRIEFING ON POWER AND ENERGY RESEARCH CONDUCTED AT UNIVERSITY 
              AFFILIATED RESEARCH CENTERS.

    (a) Briefing.--Not later than March 31, 2014, the Secretary of 
Defense shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives on power and energy research conducted at 
the university affiliated research centers.
    (b) Matters Included.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of current and planned research on power 
        grid issues conducted with other university-based energy 
        centers.
            (2) A description of current and planned collaboration 
        efforts regarding power grid issues with university-based 
        research centers that have an expertise in energy efficiency 
        and renewable energy, including efforts with respect to--
                    (A) system failure and losses, including--
                            (i) utility logistics and supply chain 
                        management for events resulting in system 
                        failure or other major damage;
                            (ii) near real-time utility and law 
                        enforcement access to damage assessment 
                        information during events resulting in system 
                        failure or other major damage;
                    (B) mitigation and response to disasters and 
                attacks;
                    (C) variable energy resource integration on the 
                bulk power system;
                    (D) integration of high penetrations of distributed 
                energy technologies on the electric distribution 
                system;
                    (E) substation and asset hardening techniques 
                appropriate for use in civilian areas;
                    (F) facilitating development of training programs 
                to support significant increase in required technical 
                skills of present and future utility field forces, 
                including hands-on training; and
                    (G) facilitating increased consumer self-
                sufficiency.

SEC. 267. APPROVAL OF CERTAIN NEW USES OF RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, 
              AND EVALUATION LAND.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
Secretary of Defense, or the head of any other department or agency of 
the Federal Government, may not finalize any decision regarding new 
land use activity on covered land unless the Secretary concerned 
approves such activity in writing.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered land'' means ranges, test areas, or 
        other land in the contiguous United States used by the 
        Secretary of Defense for activities related to research, 
        development, test, and evaluation that the Secretary 
        determines, for purposes of this section, to be critical to 
        national security.
            (2) The term ``new land use activity'' means an activity 
        regarding the use of covered land that--
                    (A) as of the date of the enactment of this Act, is 
                not carried out on covered land; and
                    (B) is carried out by, or in cooperation with, a 
                department or agency of the Federal Government other 
                than the Department of Defense.
            (3) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 268. CANINES AS STAND-OFF DETECTION OF EXPLOSIVES AND EXPLOSIVE 
              PRECURSORS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate a 
report that--
            (1) describes how the Department of Defense intends to 
        maintain the capability and infrastructure required to support 
        canines as stand-off detection of explosives and explosive 
        precursors;
            (2) specifies the appropriate office to oversee the 
        acquisition process, research and development, technology 
        advancement, testing and evaluation, and production and 
        procurement with respect to canines as stand-off detection of 
        explosives and explosive precursors;
            (3) specifies the plan to sustain and enhance the 
        partnerships and relationships of the Department of Defense 
        with service laboratories, private sector companies, and 
        academic institutions to ensure that the latest data and 
        information regarding canine capabilities are distributed 
        throughout the Department and other Federal agencies that could 
        benefit from such information; and
            (4) specifies any technologies capable of replacing the 
        canine as a stand-off detection capability during the next 2 
        years.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE FUNDING.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

SEC. 302. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR MARINE SECURITY GUARD.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for Operation and Maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Marine Security Guard 
is hereby increased by $13,400,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for Operation and Maintenance, Army, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, is hereby reduced by 
$13,400,000, to be derived from the Maneuver Units.

SEC. 303. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR CRISIS RESPONSE FORCE.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for Operation and Maintenance, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for the Crisis Response 
Force is hereby increased by $10,600,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 301 for Operation and Maintenance, Army, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, is hereby reduced by 
$10,600,000, to be derived from the Maneuver Units.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION OF REPORTS ON PROPOSED BUDGETS FOR 
              ACTIVITIES RELATING TO OPERATIONAL ENERGY STRATEGY.

    Section 138c(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Not later than 30 days 
        after the date on which the budget for a fiscal year is 
        submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
        proposed budgets for that fiscal year'' and inserting ``The 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
        proposed budgets for a fiscal year''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(6) The report required by paragraph (4) for a fiscal year shall 
be submitted by the later of the following dates:
            ``(A) The date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
        budget for that fiscal year is submitted to Congress pursuant 
        to section 1105 of title 31.
            ``(B) March 31 of the previous fiscal year.''.

SEC. 312. FACILITATION OF INTERAGENCY COOPERATION IN CONSERVATION 
              PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF DEFENSE, AGRICULTURE, AND 
              INTERIOR TO AVOID OR REDUCE ADVERSE IMPACTS ON MILITARY 
              READINESS ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Use of Funds Under Certain Agreements.--Section 2684a of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
        (i) and (j); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection (h):
    ``(h) Interagency Cooperation in Conservation Programs To Avoid or 
Reduce Adverse Impacts on Military Readiness Activities.--In order to 
facilitate interagency cooperation and enhance the effectiveness of 
actions that will protect both the environment and military readiness, 
the recipient of funds provided pursuant an agreement under this 
section or under the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. et seq.) may, with regard to 
the lands and waters within the scope of the agreement, use such funds 
to satisfy any matching funds or cost-sharing requirement of any 
conservation program of the Department of Agriculture or the Department 
of the Interior notwithstanding any limitation of such program on the 
source of matching or cost-sharing funds.''.
    (b) Sunset.--This section and subsection (h) of section 2684a of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by this section, shall expire on 
October 1, 2019, except that any agreement referred to in such 
subsection that is entered into on or before September 30, 2019, shall 
continue according to its terms and conditions as if this section has 
not expired.

SEC. 313. REAUTHORIZATION OF SIKES ACT.

    Section 108 of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670f) is amended by 
striking ``fiscal years 2009 through 2014'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``fiscal years 2014 through 2019''.

SEC. 314. COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS UNDER SIKES ACT FOR LAND MANAGEMENT 
              RELATED TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE READINESS ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Multiyear Agreements To Fund Long-Term Management.--Subsection 
(b) of section 103A of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670c-1) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Funds''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) In the case of a cooperative agreement under subsection 
(a)(2), funds referred to in paragraph (1)--
            ``(A) may be paid in a lump sum and include an amount 
        intended to cover the future costs of the natural resource 
        maintenance and improvement activities provided for under the 
        agreement; and
            ``(B) may be invested by the recipient in accordance with 
        the recipient's own guidelines for the management and 
        investment of financial assets, and any interest or income 
        derived from such investment may be applied for the same 
        purposes as the principal.''.
    (b) Availability of Funds and Relation to Other Laws.--Subsection 
(c) of such section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Availability of Funds and Relation to Other Laws.--(1) 
Cooperative agreements and interagency agreements entered into under 
this section shall be subject to the availability of funds.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, United States Code, a 
cooperative agreement under this section may be used to acquire 
property or services for the direct benefit or use of the United States 
Government.
    ``(3) Amounts available to the Department of Defense that are 
provided to any Federal, State, local, or nongovernmental entity for 
conservation and rehabilitation of natural resources in an area that is 
not on a military installation--
            ``(A) may only be used for payment of direct costs 
        associated with the management of such area; and
            ``(B) may be used to pay not more than 3 percent of total 
        project administrative costs, fees, and management charges.
    ``(4) Amounts available to the Department of Defense may not be 
used under this Act to acquire fee title interest in real property for 
natural resources projects that are not on a military installation.''.
    (c) Annual Audits.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Annual Audits.--The Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense shall annually audit each natural resources project funded with 
amounts available to the Department of Defense under this Act that is 
not on a military installation.''.
    (d) Sunset.--This section and the provisions of law enacted by the 
amendments made by this section shall expire on October 1, 2019, except 
that any cooperative agreement referred to in such provisions that is 
entered into on or before September 30, 2019, shall continue according 
to its terms and conditions as if this section has not expired.

SEC. 315. EXCLUSIONS FROM DEFINITION OF ``CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE'' UNDER 
              TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT.

    Section 3(2)(B)(v) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 
2602(2)(B)(v)) is amended by striking ``, and'' and inserting ``and any 
component of such an article (including, without limitation, shot, 
bullets and other projectiles, propellants when manufactured for or 
used in such an article, and primers), and''.

SEC. 316. EXEMPTION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FROM ALTERNATIVE FUEL 
              PROCUREMENT REQUIREMENT.

    Section 526 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 
(Public Law 110-140; 42 U.S.C. 17142) is amended by adding at the end 
the following: ``This section shall not apply to the Department of 
Defense.''.

SEC. 317. CLARIFICATION OF PROHIBITION ON DISPOSING OF WASTE IN OPEN-
              AIR BURN PITS.

    For the purposes of Department of Defense Instruction 4715.19, 
issued as required by section 317 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2701 note) or 
any successor instruction, the term ``covered waste'' specifically 
includes, in addition to the materials already specified in 
subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (c)(2) of such section, the 
following:
            (1) Tires.
            (2) Treated wood.
            (3) Batteries.
            (4) Plastics, except insignificant amounts of plastic 
        remaining after a good-faith effort to remove or recover 
        plastic materials from the solid waste stream.
            (5) Munitions and explosives, the destruction of which is 
        covered in Department of Defense Instruction 6055.09-M 
        (Reference (i)).
            (6) Compressed gas cylinders, unless empty with valves 
        removed.
            (7) Fuel containers, unless completely evacuated of its 
        contents.
            (8) Aerosol cans.
            (9) Polychlorinated biphenyls.
            (10) Petroleum, oils, and lubricants products (other than 
        waste fuel for initial combustion).
            (11) Asbestos.
            (12) Mercury.
            (13) Foam tent material.
            (14) Any item containing any of the materials referred to 
        in a preceding paragraph.

SEC. 318. LIMITATION ON PLAN, DESIGN, REFURBISHING, OR CONSTRUCTION OF 
              BIOFUELS REFINERIES.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of 
Defense may not enter into a contract for the planning, design, 
refurbishing, or construction of a biofuels refinery any other facility 
or infrastructure used to refine biofuels unless such planning, design, 
refurbishing, or construction is specifically authorized by law.

SEC. 319. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF BIOFUELS.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used to purchase or 
produce biofuels until the earlier of the following dates:
            (1) The date on which the cost of the biofuel is equal to 
        the cost of conventional fuels purchased by the Department.
            (2) The date on which the Budget Control Act of 2011 
        (Public Law 112-25), and the sequestration in effect by reason 
        of such Act, are no longer in effect.
    (b) Exceptions.--The limitation under subsection (a) shall not 
apply to biofuels purchased--
            (1) in limited quantities necessary to complete test and 
        certification; or
            (2) for the biofuel research and development efforts of the 
        Department.

SEC. 320. MILITARY READINESS AND SOUTHERN SEA OTTER CONSERVATION.

    (a) Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
Areas.--Chapter 631 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7235. Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
              Areas
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
areas to be known as `Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas' for 
national defense purposes. Such areas shall include each of the 
following:
            ``(1) The area that includes Naval Base Ventura County, San 
        Nicolas Island, and Begg Rock and the adjacent and surrounding 
        waters within the following coordinates:
                    ``N. Latitude/W. Longitude
                    ``3327.8'/11934.3'
                    ``3320.5'/11915.5'
                    ``3313.5'/11911.8'
                    ``3306.5'/11915.3'
                    ``3302.8'/11926.8'
                    ``3308.8'/11946.3'
                    ``3317.2'/11956.9'
                    ``3330.9'/11954.2';
            ``(2) That area that includes Naval Base Coronado, San 
        Clemente Island and the adjacent and surrounding waters running 
        parallel to shore to 3 nautical miles from the high tide line 
        designated by 33 CFR part 165 on May 20, 2010, as the San 
        Clemente Island 3NM Safety Zone.
    ``(b) Activities Within the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
Areas.--
            ``(1) Incidental takings under endangered species act of 
        1973.--Sections 4 and 9 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 
        (16 U.S.C. 1533, 1538) shall not apply with respect to the 
        incidental taking of any southern sea otter in the Southern Sea 
        Otter Military Readiness Areas in the course of conducting a 
        military readiness activity.
            ``(2) Incidental takings under marine mammal protection act 
        of 1972.--Sections 101 and 102 of the Marine Mammal Protection 
        Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1371, 1372) shall not apply with respect 
        to the incidental taking of any southern sea otter in the 
        Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas in the course of 
        conducting military readiness activities.
            ``(3) Treatment as species proposed to be listed.--For 
        purposes of any military readiness activity, any southern sea 
        otter while within the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
        Areas shall be treated for the purposes of section 7 of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) as a member of 
        a species that is proposed to be listed as an endangered 
        species or a threatened species under section 4 of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1533).
    ``(c) Removal.--Nothing in this section or any other Federal law 
shall be construed to require that any southern sea otter located 
within the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas as of the 
effective date of this section or thereafter be removed from the Areas.
    ``(d) Revision or Termination of Exceptions.--The Secretary of the 
Interior may revise or terminate the application of subsection (b) if 
the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Navy, 
determines that military activities authorized under subsection (b) are 
impeding southern sea otter conservation or the return of southern sea 
otters to optimum sustainable population levels.
    ``(e) Monitoring.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct 
        monitoring and research within the Southern Sea Otter Military 
        Readiness Areas to determine the effects of military readiness 
        activities on the growth or decline of the sea otter population 
        and on the near-shore eco-system. Monitoring and research 
        parameters and methods shall be determined in consultation with 
        the service.
            ``(2) Reports.--Within 24 months after the effective date 
        of this section and every three years thereafter, the Secretary 
        of the Navy shall report to Congress and the public on 
        monitoring undertaken pursuant to paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Incidental taking.--The term `incidental taking' 
        means any take of a southern sea otter that is incidental to, 
        and not the purpose of, the carrying out of an otherwise lawful 
        activity.
            ``(2) Optimum sustainable population.--The term `optimum 
        sustainable population' means, with respect to any population 
        stock, the number of animals that will result in the maximum 
        productivity of the population or the species, keeping in mind 
        the carrying capacity of the habitat and the health of the 
        ecosystem of which they form a constituent element.
            ``(3) Southern sea otter.--The term `southern sea otter' 
        means any member of the subspecies Enhydra lutris nereis.
            ``(4) Take.--The term `take'--
                    ``(A) when used in reference to activities subject 
                to regulation by the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
                U.S.C. 1531-1544) shall have the meaning given such 
                term in that statute; and
                    ``(B) when used in reference to activities subject 
                to regulation by the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 
                1972 (16 U.S.C. 1361-1423h), shall have the meaning 
                given such term in that statute.
            ``(5) Military readiness activity.--The term `military 
        readiness activity' has the meaning given that term in section 
        315(f) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 116 Stat. 2509; 16 U.S.C. 
        703 note), and includes all training and operations of the 
        Armed Forces that relate to combat, and the adequate and 
        realistic testing of military equipment, vehicles, weapons, and 
        sensors for proper operation and suitability for combat use.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following:

``7235. Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
                            Areas.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1 of Public Law 99-625 (16 
U.S.C. 1536 note) is repealed.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 321. LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP STRATEGIC SUSTAINMENT PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States a strategic sustainment plan for the Littoral Combat 
Ship. Such plan shall include each of the following:
            (1) An estimate of the cost and schedule of implementing 
        the plan.
            (2) An identification of the requirements and planning for 
        the long-term sustainment of the Littoral Combat Ship and its 
        mission modules in accordance with section 2366b of title 10, 
        United States Code, as amended by section 801 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-
        81; 125 Stat. 1482).
            (3) A description of the current and future operating 
        environments of the Littoral Combat Ship, as specified or 
        referred to in strategic guidance and planning documents of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (4) The facility, supply, and logistics systems 
        requirements of the Littoral Combat Ship when forward deployed, 
        and an estimate of the cost and personnel required to conduct 
        the necessary maintenance activities.
            (5) Any required updates to host-nation agreements to 
        facilitate the forward-deployed maintenance requirements of the 
        Littoral Combat Ship, including a discussion of overseas 
        management of Ship ordnance and hazardous materials and 
        delivery of equipment and spare parts needed for emergent 
        repair.
            (6) An evaluation of the forward-deployed maintenance 
        requirements of the Littoral Combat Ship and a schedule of 
        pier-side maintenance timelines when forward-deployed, 
        including requirements for multiple ships and variants.
            (7) An assessment of the total quantity of equipment, spare 
        parts, permanently forward-stationed personnel, and size of fly 
        away teams required to support forward-deployed maintenance 
        requirements for the U.S.S. Freedom while in Singapore, and 
        estimates for follow-on deployments of Littoral Combat Ships of 
        both variants.
            (8) A detailed description of the continuity of operations 
        plans for the Littoral Combat Ship Squadron and of any plans to 
        increase the number of Squadron personnel.
            (9) An identification of mission critical single point of 
        failure equipment for which a sufficient number spare parts are 
        necessary to have on hand, and determination of Littoral Combat 
        Ship forward deployed equipment and spare parts locations and 
        levels.
    (b) Form.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may have a classified annex.

SEC. 322. REVIEW OF CRITICAL MANUFACTURING CAPABILITIES WITHIN ARMY 
              ARSENALS.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the directors of the 
Defense Agencies, shall conduct a review of the current and expected 
manufacturing requirements across the Department of Defense to identify 
critical manufacturing competencies, supplies, components, end items, 
parts, assemblies, and sub-assemblies for which no or a limited 
domestic commercial source exists. In conducting the review under this 
section, the Secretary--
            (1) shall assess which of the competencies for which no or 
        a limited domestic commercial source exists could be executed 
        by an arsenal owned by the United States; and
            (2) may review other manufacturing capabilities, as the 
        Secretary determines appropriate, to determine if such 
        capabilities could be executed by an arsenal owned by the 
        United States.
    (b) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall brief the 
congressional defense committees on the results of the review conducted 
under subsection (a).

SEC. 323. INCLUSION OF ARMY ARSENALS CAPABILITIES IN SOLICITATIONS.

    (a) Determination of Use of Arsenals.--
            (1) Solicitation of information.--When undertaking a make-
        or-buy analysis, a Program Executive Officer or Program Manager 
        of a military service or Defense Agency shall solicit 
        information from an arsenal owned by the United States 
        regarding the capability of the arsenal to fulfill a 
        manufacturing requirement.
            (2) Submittal of material solution.--Upon a determination, 
        that an arsenal owned by the United States is capable of 
        fulfilling a manufacturing requirement, a Program Executive 
        Officer or Program Manager shall allow the arsenal to submit a 
        material solution in response to the requirement.
    (b) Notification of Solicitations.--When issuing a solicitation, a 
Program Executive Officer or Program Manager shall notify each arsenal 
owned by the United States of any manufacturing requirement that the 
arsenal has the capability to fulfill and allow the arsenal to submit a 
proposal in response to the requirement.

SEC. 324. ASSESSMENT OF OUTREACH FOR SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS OWNED AND 
              CONTROLLED BY WOMEN AND MINORITIES REQUIRED BEFORE 
              CONVERSION OF CERTAIN FUNCTIONS TO CONTRACTOR 
              PERFORMANCE.

    No Department of Defense function that is performed by Department 
of Defense civilian employees and is tied to a certain military base 
may be converted to performance by a contractor until the Secretary of 
Defense conducts an assessment to determine if the Department of 
Defense has carried out sufficient outreach programs to assist small 
business concerns owned and controlled by women (as such term is 
defined in section 8(d)(3)(D) of the Small Business Act) and small 
business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
disadvantaged individuals (as such term is defined in section 
8(d)(3)(C) of the Small Business Act) that are located in the 
geographic area near the military base.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 331. ADDITIONAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO PERSONNEL AND 
              UNIT READINESS.

    (a) Assessment of Assigned Missions and Contractor Support.--
Section 482 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (j); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(g) Combatant Command Assigned Mission Assessments.--(1) Each 
report shall also include an assessment by each commander of a 
geographic or functional combatant command of the ability of the 
command to successfully execute each of the assigned missions of the 
command. Each such assessment for a combatant command shall also 
include a list of the mission essential tasks for each assigned mission 
of the command and an assessment of the ability of the command to 
successfully complete each task within prescribed timeframes.
    ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, the term `assigned mission' 
means any contingency response program plan, theater campaign plan, or 
named operation that is approved and assigned by the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff.
    ``(h) Risk Assessment of Dependence on Contractor Support.--Each 
report shall also include an assessment by the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff of the level of risk incurred by using contract support 
in contingency operations as required under Department of Defense 
Instruction 1100.22, `Policies and Procedures for Determining Workforce 
Mix'.
    ``(i) Combat Support Agencies Assessment.--(1) Each report shall 
also include an assessment by the Secretary of Defense of the military 
readiness of the combat support agencies, including, for each such 
agency--
            ``(A) a determination with respect to the responsiveness 
        and readiness of the agency to support operating forces in the 
        event of a war or threat to national security, including--
                    ``(i) a list of mission essential tasks and an 
                assessment of the ability of the agency to successfully 
                perform those tasks;
                    ``(ii) an assessment of how the ability of the 
                agency to accomplish the tasks referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) affects the ability of the military 
                departments and the unified and geographic combatant 
                commands to execute operations and contingency plans by 
                number;
                    ``(iii) any readiness deficiencies and actions 
                recommended to address such deficiencies; and
                    ``(iv) key indicators and other relevant 
                information related to any deficiency or other problem 
                identified;
            ``(B) any recommendations that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the term `combat support agency' means 
any of the following Defense Agencies:
            ``(A) The Defense Information Systems Agency.
            ``(B) The Defense Intelligence Agency.
            ``(C) The Defense Logistics Agency.
            ``(D) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (but only 
        with respect to combat support functions that the agencies 
        perform for the Department of Defense).
            ``(E) The Defense Contract Management Agency.
            ``(F) The Defense Threat Reduction Agency.
            ``(G) The National Reconnaissance Office.
            ``(H) The National Security Agency (but only with respect 
        to combat support functions that the agencies perform for the 
        Department of Defense) and Central Security Service.
            ``(I) Any other Defense Agency designated as a combat 
        support agency by the Secretary of Defense.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section is further amended in 
subsection (a), by striking ``and (f)'' and inserting ``(f), (g), (h), 
and (i)''.

SEC. 332. REPEAL OF ANNUAL COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON ARMY PROGRESS.

    Section 323 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2146; 10 U.S.C. 229 
note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (3) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by striking ``or 
        (d)''.

SEC. 333. REVISION TO REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL SUBMISSION OF INFORMATION 
              REGARDING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CAPITAL ASSETS.

    Section 351(a)(1) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 221 note) is 
amended by striking ``in excess of $30,000,000'' and all that follows 
and inserting ``(as computed in fiscal year 2000 constant dollars) in 
excess of $32,000,000 or an estimated total cost for the future-years 
defense program for which the budget is submitted (as computed in 
fiscal year 2000 constant dollars) in excess of $378,000,000, for all 
expenditures, for all increments, regardless of the appropriation and 
fund source, directly related to the assets definition, design, 
development, deployment, sustainment, and disposal.''.

SEC. 334. ORDNANCE RELATED RECORDS REVIEW AND REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR 
              VIEQUES AND CULEBRA ISLANDS, PUERTO RICO.

    (a) Identification of Military Munitions and Navy Operational 
History.--
            (1) Records review.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
        a review of all existing Department of Defense records to 
        determine and describe the historical use of military munitions 
        and military training on the islands of Vieques and Culebra, 
        Puerto Rico, and in the nearby cays and waters. The review 
        shall, to the extent practicable and based on historical 
        documents available, identify the type of munitions, the 
        quantity of munitions, and the location where such munitions 
        may have potentially been used or may be remaining on the 
        islands of Vieques and Culebra, Puerto Rico, and in the nearby 
        cays or waters. The historical review shall also determine the 
        type of various military training exercises that occurred on 
        each island and in the nearby cays and waters.
            (2) Cooperation and consultation.--The Secretary of Defense 
        may request the assistance of other Federal agencies and may 
        consult the Governor of Puerto Rico as may be deemed 
        appropriate in conducting the review required by this 
        subsection and in preparing the report required by subsection 
        (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 450 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate, and shall make publicly available, a report detailing the 
findings and determinations of the review required by subsection (a). 
The report shall be organized to include the information detailed in 
subsection (a) in addition to site history, site description, real 
estate ownership information, and any other information about known 
military munitions and military training that occurred historically on 
the islands of Vieques and Culebra, Puerto Rico, and in the nearby cays 
and waters. The report shall include any information and 
recommendations that the Secretary deems appropriate about the 
potential hazards to the public associated with unexploded ordnance on 
the islands of Vieques and Culebra, Puerto Rico, and in the nearby cays 
and waters.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``military munitions'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101(e)(4) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``unexploded ordnance'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101(e)(5) of title 10, United States Code.

          Subtitle E--Limitations and Extensions of Authority

SEC. 341. LIMITATION ON REDUCTION OF FORCE STRUCTURE AT LAJES AIR FORCE 
              BASE, AZORES.

    The Secretary of the Air Force may not reduce the force structure 
at Lajes Air Force Base, Azores, relative to the force structure at 
such Air Force Base as of October 1, 2013, until 30 days after the 
Secretary of Defense concludes the European Infrastructure 
Consolidation Assessment initiated by the Secretary on January 25, 
2013, and briefs the congressional defense committees regarding such 
Assessment. Such briefing shall include a specific assessment of the 
efficacy of Lajes Air Force Base, Azores, in supporting the United 
Stated overseas force posture.

SEC. 342. PROHIBITION ON PERFORMANCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FLIGHT 
              DEMONSTRATION TEAMS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
or otherwise available to the Secretary of Defense for fiscal year 2014 
or 2015 may be used for the performance of flight demonstration teams 
under the jurisdiction of the Secretary at any location outside the 
United States.
    (b) United States.--In this section, the term ``United States'' 
means the several States of the United States, the District of 
Columbia, and the commonwealths, territories, and possessions of the 
United States.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 351. REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH POLICY ON JOINT COMBAT UNIFORMS.

    (a) Establishment of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States 
that by not later than October 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall 
require all military services to use a joint combat camouflage uniform, 
including color and pattern variants designed for specific combat 
environments.
    (b) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (c), each 
military service shall be prohibited from adopting a new combat 
camouflage uniform, unless--
            (1) the combat camouflage utility uniform will be a joint 
        uniform adopted by all military services; or
            (2) the military services adopt a uniform currently in use 
        by another military service.
    (c) Exceptions.--Nothing in subsection (b) shall be construed as--
            (1) prohibiting the development or fielding of combat and 
        camouflage utility uniforms for use by personnel assigned to or 
        operating in support of the unified combatant command for 
        special operations forces described in section 167 of title 10, 
        United States Code;
            (2) prohibiting the military services from fielding 
        ancillary uniform items, including headwear, footwear, or other 
        such items as determined by the Secretaries of the military 
        departments; or
            (3) prohibiting the military services from issuing working 
        or vehicle crew uniforms.
    (d) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance to implement this section. At a minimum, such guidance shall--
            (1) require the Secretaries of the military departments to 
        collaborate on the development of joint criteria for the 
        design, development, fielding, and characteristics of combat 
        camouflage uniforms;
            (2) require the Secretaries of the military departments to 
        ensure that new combat and camouflage utility uniforms meet the 
        geographic and operational requirements of the commanders of 
        the combatant commands; and
            (3) require the Secretaries of the military departments to 
        ensure that all new combat and camouflage utility uniforms 
        achieve interoperability with other components of individual 
        war fighter systems, including organizational clothing and 
        individual equipment such as body armor and other individual 
        protective systems.
    (e) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the prohibition in 
subsection (b) if the Secretary certifies to Congress that there are 
exceptional operational circumstances that require the development or 
fielding of a new combat camouflage uniform.
    (f) Repeal of Policy.--Section 352 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84, 123 Stat. 
2262; 10 U.S.C. 771 note prec.) is hereby repealed.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2014, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 520,000.
            (2) The Navy, 323,600.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 190,200.
            (4) The Air Force, 327,600.

SEC. 402. REVISION IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
              LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 520,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 323,600.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 190,200.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 327,600.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2014, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 354,200.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 205,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,100.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 39,600.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 105,400.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,400.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 9,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2014, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 32,060.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,159.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 14,734.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 2,911.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2014 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        27,210.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 8,395.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        21,875.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 10,429.

SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2014 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
              TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Limitations.--
            (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided in 
        section 10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, the number 
        of non-dual status technicians employed by the National Guard 
        as of September 30, 2014, may not exceed the following:
                    (A) For the Army National Guard of the United 
                States, 1,600.
                    (B) For the Air National Guard of the United 
                States, 350.
            (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 
        2014, may not exceed 595.
            (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 
        30, 2014, may not exceed 90.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2014, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2014.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

             Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy Generally

SEC. 501. LIMITATIONS ON NUMBER OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS ON ACTIVE 
              DUTY.

    (a) Per-service Limitations; Limited Joint Duty Exclusions.--
Section 526 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 502 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public 
Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1387) and section 501(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1714), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``231'' and 
                inserting ``226''
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``162'' and 
                inserting ``157''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``198'' and 
                inserting ``193''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``310'' and 
                inserting ``300''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``85'' 
                        and inserting ``81'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``61'' and inserting ``59'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``73'' and inserting ``70''; and
                            (iv) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``21'' and inserting ``20''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2014.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. MINIMUM NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS BEFORE DEPLOYMENT OR CANCELLATION OF 
              DEPLOYMENT RELATED TO A CONTINGENCY OPERATION.

    Section 12301 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e), by striking ``The period'' and 
        inserting ``Subject to subsection (i), the period''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i)(1) The Secretary concerned shall provide not less than 120 
days advance notice to a unit of the reserve components that--
            ``(A) will be ordered to active duty for deployment in 
        connection with a contingency operation; or
            ``(B) having been notified of such a deployment, has such 
        deployment canceled, postponed, or otherwise altered.
    ``(2) If a member of the reserve components is not assigned to a 
unit organized to serve as a unit or is to be ordered to active duty 
apart from the member's unit, the required notice under paragraph (1) 
shall be provided directly to the member.
    ``(3) If the Secretary concerned fails to provide timely 
notification as required by paragraph (1) or (2), the Secretary 
concerned shall submit, within 30 days after the date of the failure, 
written notification to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
of Representatives and the Senate explaining the reason for the failure 
and the units and members of the reserve components affected.''.

SEC. 512. INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED TO BOARDS CONSIDERING OFFICERS FOR 
              SELECTIVE EARLY REMOVAL FROM RESERVE ACTIVE-STATUS LIST.

    (a) Officers to Be Considered; Exclusions.--Section 14704(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Whenever'' ;
            (2) by striking ``all officers on that list'' and inserting 
        ``officers on the reserve active-status list'';
            (3) by striking ``the reserve active-status list, in the 
        number specified by the Secretary by each grade and competitive 
        category.'' and inserting ``that list.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3), the list of officers in 
a reserve component whose names are submitted to a board under 
paragraph (1) shall include each officer on the reserve active-status 
list for that reserve component in the same grade and competitive 
category whose position on the reserve active-status list is between--
            ``(A) that of the most junior officer in that grade and 
        competitive category whose name is submitted to the board; and
            ``(B) that of the most senior officer in that grade and 
        competitive category whose name is submitted to the board.
    ``(3) A list submitted to a board under paragraph (1) may not 
include an officer who--
            ``(A) has been approved for voluntary retirement; or
            ``(B) is to be involuntarily retired under any provision of 
        law during the fiscal year in which the board is convened or 
        during the following fiscal year.''.
    (b) Specification of Number of Officers Who May Be Recommended for 
Removal.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(b) Specification of Number of Officers Who May Be Recommended 
for Separation.--The Secretary of the military department concerned 
shall specify the number of officers described in subsection (a)(1) 
that a board may recommend for separation under subsection (c).''.

SEC. 513. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO MAINTAIN ACTIVE STATUS AND INACTIVE 
              STATUS LISTS OF MEMBERS IN THE INACTIVE NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Authority to Maintain Active and Inactive Status Lists in the 
Inactive National Guard.--
            (1) Active and inactive status lists authorized.--The 
        Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force may 
        maintain an active status list and an inactive status list of 
        members in the inactive Army National Guard and the inactive 
        Air National Guard, respectively.
            (2) Total number on all lists at one time.--The total 
        number of members of the Army National Guard and members of the 
        Air National Guard on the active status lists and the inactive 
        status lists assigned to the inactive National Guard may not 
        exceed a total of 10,000 at any time.
            (3) Total number on active status lists at one time.--The 
        total number of members of the Army National Guard and members 
        of the Air National Guard on the active status lists of the 
        inactive National Guard may not exceed 4,000 at any time.
            (4) Condition of implementation.--Before the authority 
        provided by this subsection is used to establish an active 
        status list and an inactive status list of members in the 
        inactive Army National Guard or the inactive Air National 
        Guard, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
        Senate a copy of the implementation guidance to be used to 
        execute this authority.
    (b) Additional Enlisted Member Transfer Authority.--In addition to 
the transfer authority provided by section 303(b) of title 32, United 
States Code, while an inactive status list for the inactive National 
Guard exists--
            (1) an enlisted member of the active Army National Guard 
        may be transferred to the inactive Army National Guard without 
        regard to whether the member was formerly enlisted in the 
        inactive Army National Guard; and
            (2) an enlisted member of the active Air National Guard may 
        be transferred to the inactive Air National Guard without 
        regard to whether the member was formerly enlisted in the 
        inactive Air National Guard.
    (c) Removal of Restrictions on Transfer of Officers.--While an 
inactive status list for the inactive National Guard exists, nothing in 
chapter 3 of title 32, United States Code, shall be construed to 
prevent any of the following:
            (1) An officer of the Army National Guard who fills a 
        vacancy in a federally recognized unit of the Army National 
        Guard from being transferred from the active Army National 
        Guard to the inactive Army National Guard.
            (2) An officer of the Air National Guard who fills a 
        vacancy in a federally recognized unit of the Air National 
        Guard from being transferred from the active Air National Guard 
        to the inactive Air National Guard.
            (3) An officer of the Army National Guard transferred to 
        the inactive Army National Guard from being transferred from 
        the inactive Army National Guard to the active Army National 
        Guard to fill a vacancy in a federally recognized unit.
            (4) An officer of the Air National Guard transferred to the 
        inactive Air National Guard from being transferred from the 
        inactive Air National Guard to the active Air National Guard to 
        fill a vacancy in a federally recognized unit.
    (d) Status and Training Categories for Members in Inactive 
Status.--While an inactive status list for the inactive Army National 
Guard or inactive Air National Guard exists--
            (1) the first sentence of subsection (b) of section 10141 
        of title 10, United States Code, shall apply only with respect 
        to members of the reserve components assigned to the inactive 
        Army National Guard or inactive Air National Guard who are 
        assigned to such inactive status list; and
            (2) the exclusion of the Army National Guard of the United 
        States or Air National Guard of the United States under the 
        first sentence of subsection (c) of such section shall not 
        apply.
    (e) Eligibility for Inactive-duty Training Pay.--While an inactive 
status list for the inactive National Guard exists, the limitation on 
pay for inactive-duty training contained in section 206(c) of title 37, 
United States Code, shall apply only to persons assigned to the 
inactive status list of the inactive National Guard, rather than to all 
persons enlisted in the inactive National Guard.
    (f) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Modification of active status definition.--Section 
        101(d)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
        at the end the following new sentence: ``However, while an 
        inactive status list for the inactive Army National Guard or 
        inactive Air National Guard exists, such term means the status 
        of a member of the Army National Guard of the United States or 
        Air National Guard of the United States who is not assigned to 
        the inactive status list of the inactive Army National Guard or 
        inactive Air National Guard, on another inactive status list, 
        or in the Retired Reserve.''.
            (2) Computation of years of service for entitlement to 
        retired pay.--Paragraph (3) of section 12732(b) of such title 
        is amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) Service in the inactive National Guard (for any 
        period other than a period in which an inactive status list for 
        the inactive National Guard exists) and service while assigned 
        to the inactive status list of the inactive National Guard (for 
        any period in which an inactive status list for the inactive 
        National Guard exists).''.
    (g) Evaluation of Use of Authority.--
            (1) Independent study required.--Before the end of the 
        period specified in subsection (h), the Secretary of Defense 
        shall commission an independent study to evaluate the 
        effectiveness of using an active status list for the inactive 
        National Guard to improve the readiness of the Army National 
        Guard and the Air National Guard.
            (2) Elements.--As part of the study required by this 
        subsection, the entity conducting the study shall determine, 
        for each year in which the temporary authority provided by 
        subsection (a) is used--
                    (A) how many members of the Army National Guard and 
                the Air National Guard were transferred to the active 
                status list of the inactive National Guard;
                    (B) how many of these vacancies were filled with 
                personnel new to the Army National Guard;
                    (C) the additional cost of filling these positions; 
                and
                    (D) the impact on drill and annual training 
                participation rates.
            (3) Additional consideration.--The study required by this 
        subsection also shall include an assessment of the impact of 
        the use of the temporary authority provided by subsection (a) 
        on medical readiness category 3B personnel transferred to the 
        active status inactive National Guard, including--
                    (A) how long it took them to complete the 
                Integrated Disability Evaluation System (IDES) process; 
                and
                    (B) how satisfied they were with their unit's 
                management and collaboration during the IDES process.
            (4) Submission of results.--Not later than 180 days after 
        completion of the study required by this subsection, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
        report containing the results of the study.
    (h) Duration of Authority.--The authority provided by subsection 
(a) for the maintenance of both an active status list and inactive 
status list of members in the inactive National Guard exists only 
during the period beginning on October 1, 2013, and ending on December 
31, 2018.

SEC. 514. REVIEW OF REQUIREMENTS AND AUTHORIZATIONS FOR RESERVE 
              COMPONENT GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS IN AN ACTIVE STATUS.

    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review of the general officer and flag officer requirements for members 
of the reserve component in an active status.
    (b) Purpose of Review.--The purpose of the review is to ensure that 
the authorized strengths provided in section 12004 of title 10, United 
States Code, for reserve general officers and reserve flag officers in 
an active status--
            (1) are based on an objective requirements process and are 
        sufficient for the effective management, leadership, and 
        administration of the reserve components;
            (2) provide a qualified, sufficient pool from which reserve 
        component general and flag officers can continue to be assigned 
        on active duty in joint duty and in-service military positions;
            (3) reflect a review of the appropriateness and number of 
        exemptions provided by subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 
        12004 of title 10, United States Code;
            (4) reflect the efficiencies that can be achieved through 
        downgrading or elimination of reserve component general or flag 
        officer positions, including through the conversion of certain 
        reserve component general or flag officer positions to senior 
        civilian positions; and
            (5) are subjected to periodic review, control, and 
        adjustment.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing the results of the review, 
including such recommendations for changes in law and policy related to 
authorized reserve general and flag officers strengths as the Secretary 
considers to be appropriate.

SEC. 515. FEASABILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHING A UNIT OF THE NATIONAL 
              GUARD IN AMERICAN SAMOA AND IN THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE 
              NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
to determine the feasibility of establishing--
            (1) a unit of the National Guard in American Samoa; and
            (2) a unit of the National Guard in the Commonwealth of the 
        Northern Mariana Islands.
    (b) Force Structure Elements of Study.--In conducting the study 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall consider 
the following:
            (1) The allocation of National Guard force structure and 
        manpower to American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands in the event of the establishment of a unit of 
        the National Guard in American Samoa and in the Commonwealth of 
        the Northern Mariana Islands, and the impact of this allocation 
        on existing National Guard units in the 50 states, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and the 
        District of Columbia.
            (2) The Federal funding that would be required to support 
        pay, benefits, training operations, and missions of members of 
        a unit of the National Guard in American Samoa and the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, based on the 
        allocation derived from paragraph (1), and the equipment, 
        including maintenance, required to support such force 
        structure.
            (3) The presence of existing infrastructure to support a 
        unit of the National Guard in American Samoa and the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the 
        requirement for additional infrastructure, including 
        information technology infrastructure, to support such force 
        structure, based on the allocation derived from paragraph (1).
            (4) How a unit of the National Guard in American Samoa and 
        the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Island would 
        accommodate the National Guard Bureau's ``Essential Ten'' 
        homeland defense capabilities (i.e., aviation, engineering, 
        civil support teams, security, medical, transportation, 
        maintenance, logistics, joint force headquarters, and 
        communications) and reflect regional needs.
            (5) The manpower cadre, both military personnel and full-
        time support, including National Guard technicians, required to 
        establish, maintain, and sustain a unit of the National Guard 
        in American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
        Islands, and the ability of American Samoa and of the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to support 
        demographically a unit of the National Guard at each location.
            (6) The ability of a unit of the National Guard in American 
        Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to 
        maintain unit readiness and the logistical challenges 
        associated with transportation, communications, supply/
        resupply, and training operations and missions.
    (c) Submission of Results.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report containing the results of 
the study conducted under subsection (a). The report shall also include 
the following:
            (1) A determination of whether the executive branch of 
        American Samoa and of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
        Islands has enacted and implemented statutory authorization for 
        an organized militia as a prerequisite for establishing a unit 
        of the National Guard, and a description of any other steps 
        that such executive branches must take to request and carry out 
        the establishment of a National Guard unit.
            (2) A list of any amendments to titles 10, 32, and 37, 
        United States Code, that would have to be enacted by Congress 
        to provide for the establishment of a unit of the National 
        Guard in American Samoa and in the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands.
            (3) A description of any required Department of Defense 
        actions to establish a unit of the National Guard in American 
        Samoa and in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
            (4) A suggested timeline for completion of the steps and 
        actions described in the preceding paragraphs.

SEC. 516. DESIGNATION OF STATE STUDENT CADET CORPS AS DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS.

    Section 508(d) of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (14) as paragraph (15); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (13) the following new 
        paragraph (14):
            ``(14) Any State student cadet corps authorized under State 
        law.''.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

SEC. 521. REVIEW OF INTEGRATED DISABILITY EVALUATION SYSTEM.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review of--
            (1) the backlog of pending cases in the Integrated 
        Disability Evaluation System with respect to members of the 
        reserve components of the Armed Forces for the purpose of 
        addressing the matters specified in paragraph (1) of subsection 
        (b); and
            (2) the improvements to the Integrated Disability 
        Evaluation System specified in paragraph (2) of such 
        subsection.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
on the review under subsection (a). Such report shall include the 
following:
            (1) With respect to the reserve components of the Armed 
        Forces--
                    (A) the number of pending cases that exist as of 
                the date of the report, listed by military department, 
                component, and, with respect to the National Guard, 
                State;
                    (B) as of the date of the report, the average time 
                it takes to process a case in the Integrated Disability 
                Evaluation System;
                    (C) a description of the steps the Secretary will 
                take to resolve the backlog of cases in the Integrated 
                Disability Evaluation System; and
                    (D) the date by which the Secretary plans to 
                resolve such backlog for each military department.
            (2) With respect to the regular components and reserve 
        components of the Armed Forces--
                    (A) a description of the progress being made to 
                transition the Integrated Disability Evaluation System 
                to an integrated and readily accessible electronic 
                format that a member of the Armed Forces may access and 
                see the status of the member during each phase of the 
                system;
                    (B) an estimate of the cost to complete the 
                transition to an integrated and readily accessible 
                electronic format; and
                    (C) an assessment of the feasibility of improving 
                in-transit visibility of pending cases, including by 
                establishing a method of tracking a pending case when a 
                military treatment facility is assigned a packet and 
                pending case for action regarding a member.
    (c) Pending Case Defined.--In this section, the term ``pending 
case'' means a case involving a member of the Armed Forces who, as of 
the date of the review under subsection (a), is within the Integrated 
Disability Evaluation System and has been referred to a medical 
evaluation board.

SEC. 522. COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR ORGANIZATIONAL CLIMATE 
              ASSESSMENTS.

    (a) Verification and Tracking Requirements.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall direct the Secretaries of the military departments to 
verify and track the compliance of commanding officers in conducting 
organizational climate assessments required as part of the 
comprehensive policy for the Department of Defense sexual assault 
prevention and response program pursuant to section 572(a)(3) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat. 1753).
    (b) Implementation.--No later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report containing--
            (1) a description of the progress of the development of the 
        system that will verify and track the compliance of commanding 
        officers in conducting organizational climate assessments; and
            (2) an estimate of when the system will be completed and 
        implemented.

SEC. 523. COMMAND RESPONSIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY FOR REMAINS OF 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMY, NAVY, AIR FORCE, AND MARINE CORPS 
              WHO DIE OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall take such steps as may be necessary to 
ensure that there is continuous, designated military command 
responsibility and accountability for the care, handling, and 
transportation of the remains of each deceased member of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who died outside the United States, 
beginning with the initial recovery of the remains, through the defense 
mortuary system, until the interment of the remains or the remains are 
otherwise accepted by the person designated as provided by section 
1482(c) of title 10, United States Code, to direct disposition of the 
remains.

SEC. 524. CONTENTS OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(9) Provide information about disability-related 
        employment and education protections.''.
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e), as 
        subsections (d), (e), and (f), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Additional Elements of Program.--The mandatory program 
carried out by this section shall include--
            ``(1) for any such member who plans to use the member's 
        entitlement to educational assistance under title 38--
                    ``(A) instruction providing an overview of the use 
                of such entitlement; and
                    ``(B) courses of post-secondary education 
                appropriate for the member, courses of post-secondary 
                education compatible with the member's education goals, 
                and instruction on how to finance the member's post-
                secondary education; and
            ``(2) instruction in the benefits under laws administered 
        by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and in other subjects 
        determined by the Secretary concerned.''.
    (b) Deadline for Implementation.--The program carried out under 
section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, shall comply with the 
requirements of subsections (b)(9) and (c) of such section, as added by 
subsection (a), by not later than April 1, 2015.
    (c) Feasibility Study.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
submit to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Committee on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives the results 
of a study carried out by the Secretary to determine the feasibility of 
providing the instruction described in subsection (b) of section 1142 
of title 10, United States Code, at all overseas locations where such 
instruction is provided by entering into a contract jointly with the 
Secretary of Labor for the provision of such instruction.

SEC. 525. PROCEDURES FOR JUDICIAL REVIEW OF MILITARY PERSONNEL 
              DECISIONS RELATING TO CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS.

    (a) Availability of Judicial Review; Limitations.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 1560. Judicial review of decisions relating to correction of 
              military records
    ``(a) Availability of Judicial Review.--
            ``(1) In general.--Pursuant to sections 1346 and 1491 of 
        title 28 and chapter 7 of title 5 any person adversely affected 
        by a records correction final decision may obtain judicial 
        review of the decision in a court with jurisdiction to hear the 
        matter.
            ``(2) Records correction final decision defined.--In this 
        section, the term `records correction final decision' means any 
        of the following decisions:
                    ``(A) A final decision issued by the Secretary 
                concerned pursuant to section 1552 of this title.
                    ``(B) A final decision issued by the Secretary 
                concerned pursuant to section 1034(f) of this title.
                    ``(C) A final decision issued by the Secretary of 
                Defense pursuant to section 1034(g) of this title.
    ``(b) Exhaustion of Administrative Remedies.--
            ``(1) General rule.--Except as provided in paragraphs (3) 
        and (4), judicial review of a matter that could be subject to 
        correction under a provision of law specified in subsection 
        (a)(2) may not be obtained under this section or any other 
        provision of law unless--
                    ``(A) the petitioner has requested a correction 
                under section 1552 of this title (including such a 
                request in a matter arising under section 1034 of this 
                title); and
                    ``(B) the Secretary concerned has rendered a final 
                decision denying that correction in whole or in part.
            ``(2) Whistleblower cases.--When the final decision of the 
        Secretary concerned is subject to review by the Secretary of 
        Defense under section 1034(g) of this title, the petitioner is 
        not required to seek such review before obtaining judicial 
        review, but if the petitioner does seek such review, judicial 
        review may not be sought until the earlier of the following 
        occurs:
                    ``(A) The Secretary of Defense makes a decision in 
                the matter.
                    ``(B) The period specified in section 1034(g) of 
                this title for the Secretary to make a decision in the 
                matter expires.
            ``(3) Class actions.--If judicial review of a records 
        correction final decision is sought, and the petitioner for 
        such judicial review also seeks to bring a class action with 
        respect to a matter for which the petitioner requested a 
        correction under section 1552 of this title (including such a 
        request in a matter arising under section 1034 of this title) 
        and the court issues an order certifying a class in the case, 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply to any member of the 
        certified class (other than the petitioner) with respect to any 
        matter covered by a claim for which the class is certified.
            ``(4) Timeliness.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply if the 
        records correction final decision of the Secretary concerned is 
        not issued by the date that is 18 months after the date on 
        which the petitioner requests a correction.
    ``(c) Statutes of Limitation.--
            ``(1) Six years from final decision.--A records correction 
        final decision (other than in a matter to which paragraph (2) 
        applies) is not subject to judicial review under this section 
        or otherwise subject to review in any court unless petition for 
        such review is filed in a court not later than six years after 
        the date of the records correction final decision.
            ``(2) Six years for certain claims that may result in 
        payment of money.--(A) In a case of a records correction final 
        decision described in subparagraph (B), the records correction 
        final decision (or the portion of such decision described in 
        such subparagraph) is not subject to judicial review under this 
        section or otherwise subject to review in any court unless 
        petition for such review is filed in a court before the end of 
        the six-year period that began on the date of discharge, 
        retirement, release from active duty, or death while on active 
        duty, of the person whose military records are the subject of 
        the correction request. Such six-year period does not include 
        any time between the date of the filing of the request for 
        correction of military records leading to the records 
        correction final decision and the date of the final decision.
            ``(B) Subparagraph (A) applies to a records correction 
        final decision or portion of the decision that involves a 
        denial of a claim that, if relief were to be granted by the 
        court, would support, or result in, the payment of money, other 
        than payments made under chapter 73 of this title, either under 
        a court order or under a subsequent administrative 
        determination.
    ``(d) Habeas Corpus.--This section does not affect any cause of 
action arising under chapter 153 of title 28.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``1560. Judicial review of decisions.''.
    (b) Effect of Denial of Request for Correction of Records When 
Prohibited Personnel Action Alleged.--
            (1) Notice of denial; procedures for judicial review.--
        Subsection (f) of section 1034 of such title is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(7) In any case in which the final decision of the Secretary 
concerned results in denial, in whole or in part, of any requested 
correction of the record of the member or former member, the Secretary 
concerned shall provide the member or former member--
            ``(A) a concise written statement of the basis for the 
        decision; and
            ``(B) a notification of the availability of judicial review 
        of the decision pursuant to section 1560 of this title and the 
        time period for obtaining such review in accordance with the 
        applicable statute of limitations.''.
            (2) Secretary of defense review; notice of denial.--
        Subsection (g) of such section is amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Upon the 
                completion of all''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) The submittal of a matter to the Secretary of Defense by the 
member or former member under paragraph (1) must be made within 90 days 
of the receipt by the member or former member of the final decision of 
the Secretary of the military department concerned in the matter. In 
any case in which the final decision of the Secretary of Defense 
results in denial, in whole or in part, of any requested correction of 
the record of the member or former member, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide the member or former member--
            ``(A) a concise written statement of the basis for the 
        decision; and
            ``(B) a notification of the availability of judicial review 
        of the decision pursuant to section 1560 of this title and the 
        time period for obtaining such review in accordance with the 
        applicable statute of limitations.''.
            (3) Sole basis for judicial review.--Such section is 
        further amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as 
                subsections (i) and (j), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (g) the following 
                new subsection (h):
    ``(h) Judicial Review.--(1) A decision of the Secretary of Defense 
under subsection (g) shall be subject to judicial review only as 
provided in section 1560 of this title.
    ``(2) In a case in which review by the Secretary of Defense under 
subsection (g) was not sought, a decision of the Secretary of a 
military department under subsection (f) shall be subject to judicial 
review only as provided in section 1560 of this title.
    ``(3) A decision by the Secretary of Homeland Security under 
subsection (f) shall be subject to judicial review only as provided in 
section 1560 of this title.''.
    (c) Effect of Denial of Other Requests for Correction of Military 
Records.--Section 1552 of such title is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsections:
    ``(h) In any case in which the final decision of the Secretary 
concerned results in denial, in whole or in part, of any requested 
correction, the Secretary concerned shall provide the claimant--
            ``(1) a concise written statement of the basis for the 
        decision; and
            ``(2) a notification of the availability of judicial review 
        of the decision pursuant to section 1560 of this title and the 
        time period for obtaining such review in accordance with the 
        applicable statute of limitations.
    ``(i) A decision by the Secretary concerned under this section 
shall be subject to judicial review only as provided in section 1560 of 
this title.''.
    (d) Effective Date and Application.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
        take effect on January 1, 2015, and shall apply to all final 
        decisions of the Secretary of Defense under section 1034(g) of 
        title 10, United States Code, and of the Secretary of a 
        military department and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
        under sections 1034(f) or 1552 of such title rendered on or 
        after such date.
            (2) Treatment of existing cases.--This section and the 
        amendments made by this section do not affect the authority of 
        any court to exercise jurisdiction over any case that was 
        properly before the court before the effective date specified 
        in paragraph (1).
    (e) Implementation.--The Secretary of a military department and the 
Secretary of Homeland Security (in the case of the Coast Guard when it 
is not operating as a service in the Department of the Navy) may 
prescribe regulations, and interim guidance before prescribing such 
regulations, to implement the amendments made by this section. 
Regulations or interim guidance prescribed by the Secretary of a 
military department may not take effect until approved by the Secretary 
of Defense.

SEC. 526. ESTABLISHMENT AND USE OF CONSISTENT DEFINITION OF GENDER-
              NEUTRAL OCCUPATIONAL STANDARD FOR MILITARY CAREER 
              DESIGNATORS.

    (a) Establishment of Definitions.--Section 543 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 
U.S.C. 113 note) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Gender-neutral occupational standard.--The term 
        `gender-neutral occupational standard', with respect to a 
        military career designator, means that all members of the Armed 
        Forces serving in or assigned to the military career designator 
        must meet the same physical and performance outcome-based 
        standards for the successful accomplishment of the necessary 
        and required specific tasks associated with the qualifications 
        and duties performed while serving in or assigned to the 
        military career designator.
            ``(2) Military career designator.--The term `military 
        career designator' refers to--
                    ``(A) in the case of enlisted members and warrant 
                officers of the Armed Forces, military occupational 
                specialties, specialty codes, enlisted designators, 
                enlisted classification codes, additional skill 
                identifiers, and special qualification identifiers; and
                    ``(B) in the case of commissioned officers (other 
                than commissioned warrant officers), officer areas of 
                concentration, occupational specialties, specialty 
                codes, additional skill identifiers, and special 
                qualification identifiers.''.
    (b) Use of Definitions.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``military occupational career field'' and 
                inserting ``military career designator''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``common, 
                relevant performance standards'' and inserting ``an 
                occupational standard'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``any military occupational 
                        specialty'' and inserting ``any military career 
                        designator''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``requirements for members 
                        in that specialty and shall ensure (in the case 
                        of an occupational specialty'' and inserting 
                        ``requirements as part of the gender-neutral 
                        occupational standard for members in that 
                        career designator and shall ensure (in the case 
                        of a career designator''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``an occupational 
                        specialty'' and inserting ``a military career 
                        designator'';
                            (ii) by striking ``that occupational 
                        specialty'' and inserting ``that military 
                        career designator''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``that specialty'' and 
                        inserting ``that military career designator''; 
                        and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``the occupational standards for a 
                military occupational field'' and inserting ``the 
                gender-neutral occupational standard for a military 
                career designator''; and
                    (B) by striking ``that occupational field'' and 
                inserting ``that military career designator''.

SEC. 527. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
              PROTECTED COMMUNICATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
              AND PROHIBITED RETALIATORY ACTIONS.

    (a) Expansion of Prohibited Retaliatory Personnel Actions.--
Subsection (b) of section 1034 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                    (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of clause (iv);
                    (B) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (vi); and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (iv) the following 
                new clause (v):
                    ``(v) a court-martial proceeding; or''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting after ``any favorable 
        action'' the following: ``, or a significant change in a 
        member's duties, responsibilities, or working conditions''.
    (b) Inspector General Investigations of Allegations.--Subsection 
(c) of such section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (3)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (4)'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (A) and 
        inserting the following new subparagraph (A):
            ``(A) Any violation of any law, rule, or regulation, 
        including a law or regulation prohibiting rape, sexual assault, 
        or other sexual misconduct in sections 920 through 920c of this 
        title (articles 120 through 120c of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), sexual harassment or unlawful 
        discrimination.'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
        paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
    ``(3) A communication described in paragraph (2) shall not be 
excluded from the protections provided in this section because--
            ``(A) the communication was made to a person who 
        participated in an activity that the member reasonably believed 
        to be covered by paragraph (2);
            ``(B) the communication revealed information that had 
        previously been communicated;
            ``(C) of the member's motive for making the communication;
            ``(D) the communication was not made in writing;
            ``(E) the communication was made while the member was off 
        duty;
            ``(F) the communication was made during the normal course 
        of duties of the member.'';
            (5) in subparagraph (D) of paragraph (4), as redesignated 
        by paragraph (3) of this subsection, by inserting before the 
        period at the end of the second sentence the following: ``, 
        with the consent of the member'';
            (6) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``paragraph (3)(A)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (4)(A)'';
                    (B) by striking ``paragraph (3)(D)'' and inserting 
                ``paragraph (4)(D)''; and
                    (C) by striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``one 
                year''.
    (c) Inspector General Investigations of Underlying Allegations.--
Subsection (d) of such section is amended by striking ``subparagraph 
(A) or (B) of subsection (c)(2)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A), 
(B), or (C) of subsection (c)(2)''.
    (d) Reports on Investigations.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (c)(3)(E)'' both 
                places it appears and inserting ``subsection 
                (c)(4)(E)'';
                    (B) by striking ``the Secretary of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned'';
                    (C) by striking ``to the Secretary,'' and inserting 
                ``to such Secretary,'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the Secretary of 
        Defense'' and inserting ``the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned'';
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking the second sentence and 
        inserting the following new sentence: ``The report shall 
        include an explicit determination as to whether a personnel 
        action prohibited by subsection (b) has occurred and a 
        recommendation as to the disposition of the complaint, 
        including appropriate corrective action for the member.''.
    (e) Action in Case of Violations.--Section 1034 of title 10, United 
States Code, is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j), as 
        redesignated by section 525(b) of this Act, as subsections (k) 
        and (l), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (h), as added by section 
        525(b), the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Action in Case of Violations.--(1) If an Inspector General 
reports under subsection (e) that a personnel action prohibited by 
subsection (b) has occurred, not later than 30 days after receiving 
such report from the Inspector General, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security or the Secretary of the military department concerned, as 
applicable, shall order such action as is necessary to correct the 
record of a personnel action prohibited by subsection (b), taking into 
account the recommendations in the report by the Inspector General. 
Such Secretary shall take any appropriate disciplinary action against 
the individual who committed such prohibited personnel action.
    ``(2) If the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Secretary of the 
military department concerned, as applicable, determines that an order 
for corrective or disciplinary action is not appropriate, not later 
than 30 days after making the determination, such Secretary shall--
            ``(A) provide to the Secretary of Defense, the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives, and the member or former member, a notice of 
        the determination and the reasons for not taking action; and
            ``(B) refer the report to the appropriate board for the 
        correction of military records for further review under 
        subsection (g).''.
    (f) Correction of Records.--Subsection (f) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``may'' and inserting 
        ``upon the request of the member or former member, after an 
        initial determination that a complaint is not frivolous and has 
        not previously been addressed by the board, shall''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``board elects to hold'' and inserting ``board 
                holds''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``may be provided'' and 
                        inserting ``shall be provided''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``the case 
                        is unusually complex or otherwise requires'' 
                        and inserting ``the member or former member 
                        would benefit from''.
    (g) Burdens of Proof.--Such section is further amended by inserting 
after subsection (i), as added by subsection (e) of this section, the 
following new subsection:
    ``(j) Burdens of Proof.--The burdens of proof specified in section 
1221(e) of title 5 shall apply in any investigation conducted by an 
Inspector General, and any review conducted by the Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and any board for the 
correction of military records, under this section.''.
    (h) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date that is 30 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, and shall apply with respect to allegations pending or 
submitted under section 1034 of title 10, United States Code, on or 
after that date.

SEC. 528. APPLICABILITY OF MEDICAL EXAMINATION REQUIREMENT REGARDING 
              POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER OR TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY 
              TO PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
              JUSTICE.

    Section 1177 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subsection (c).

SEC. 529. PROTECTION OF THE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM OF MILITARY CHAPLAINS TO 
              CLOSE A PRAYER OUTSIDE OF A RELIGIOUS SERVICE ACCORDING 
              TO THE TRADITIONS, EXPRESSIONS, AND RELIGIOUS EXERCISES 
              OF THE ENDORSING FAITH GROUP.

    (a) United States Army.--Section 3547 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) If called upon to lead a prayer outside of a religious 
service, a chaplain shall have the prerogative to close the prayer 
according to the traditions, expressions, and religious exercises of 
the endorsing faith group.''.
    (b) United States Military Academy.--Section 4337 of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``There''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) If called upon to lead a prayer outside of a religious 
service, the Chaplain shall have the prerogative to close the prayer 
according to the traditions, expressions, and religious exercises of 
the endorsing faith group.''.
    (c) United States Navy and Marine Corps.--Section 6031 of such 
title is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) If called upon to lead a prayer outside of a religious 
service, a chaplain shall have the prerogative to close the prayer 
according to the traditions, expressions, and religious exercises of 
the endorsing faith group.''.
    (d) United States Air Force.--Section 8547 of such title is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) If called upon to lead a prayer outside of a religious 
service, a chaplain shall have the prerogative to close the prayer 
according to the traditions, expressions, and religious exercises of 
the endorsing faith group.''.
    (e) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9337 of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``There''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) If called upon to lead a prayer outside of a religious 
service, the Chaplain shall have the prerogative to close the prayer 
according to the traditions, expressions, and religious exercises of 
the endorsing faith group.''.

SEC. 530. EXPANSION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PROTECTION OF RIGHTS OF 
              CONSCIENCE OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND CHAPLAINS 
              OF SUCH MEMBERS.

    (a) Accommodation of Members' Beliefs, Actions, and Speech.--
Subsection (a)(1) of section 533 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1727; 10 U.S.C. 
prec. 1030 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Armed Forces shall accommodate the 
        beliefs'' and inserting ``Except in cases of military 
        necessity, the Armed Forces shall accommodate the beliefs, 
        actions, and speech''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, actions, or speech'' after ``such 
        beliefs''.
    (b) Narrow Exception.--Subsection (a)(2) of such section is amended 
by striking ``that threaten'' and inserting ``that actually harm''.
    (c) Deadline for Regulations; Consultation.--The implementation 
regulations required by subsection (c) of such section shall be issued 
not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. In 
preparing such regulations, the Secretary of Defense shall consult with 
the official military faith-group representatives who endorse military 
chaplains.

SEC. 530A. SERVICEMEMBERS' ACCOUNTABILITY, RIGHTS, AND RESPONSIBILITIES 
              TRAINING.

    (a) Responsibilities of Secretary of Defense.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Secretaries of the military departments, shall ensure that 
        all members of the Armed Forces understand and comply with the 
        rights and responsibilities specified in subsections (b) and 
        (c).
            (2) Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense shall have 
        discretion regarding the manner in which this information will 
        be disseminated to members, except that, at a minimum, the 
        Secretary shall require acknowledgment of these rights and 
        responsibilities by a member at these occurrences during the 
        military service of the member:
                    (A) Recruitment.
                    (B) Enlistment and reenlistment.
                    (C) Commissioning.
                    (D) Promotion in rank.
                    (E) Selection for command.
    (b) Member Rights.--Each member of the Armed Forces has the 
following rights:
            (1) To a workplace and battlespace free from the threat of 
        sexual violence, including harassment, abuse, assault, and 
        rape.
            (2) To have every instance of illegal activity 
        appropriately investigated. Law enforcement agencies will 
        investigate every allegation of criminal behavior, and 
        commanders will respond appropriately to every report of 
        wrongdoing.
            (3) To make a restricted or unrestricted report of a sex-
        based criminal act. Victims will have access to vital services 
        whether they pursue an investigation or not.
            (4) To use any and all reporting and prosecution avenues to 
        pursue an allegation of sexual assault.
            (5) To not face retaliation for reporting a criminal 
        offense or harmful behavior.
    (c) Member Responsibilities.--Each member of the Armed Forces has 
the following responsibilities:
            (1) To responsibly intervene in any situation that involves 
        the presence or threat of criminal behavior.
            (2) To never leave another member behind in a situation of 
        risk to self or others, on the battlefield or anywhere else.
            (3) To immediately report observation or knowledge of 
        criminal behavior to appropriate officials.

SEC. 530B. INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REVIEW OF 
              SEPARATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO MADE 
              UNRESTRICTED REPORTS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) Review Required.--The Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense shall conduct a review--
            (1) to identify all members of the Armed Forces who, since 
        January 1, 2002, were separated from the Armed Forces after 
        making an unrestricted report of sexual assault;
            (2) to determine the circumstances of and grounds for each 
        such separation, including--
                    (A) whether the separation was in retaliation for 
                or influenced by the identified member making an 
                unrestricted report of sexual assault; and
                    (B) whether the identified member requested an 
                appeal; and
            (3) if an identified member was separated on the grounds of 
        having a personality or adjustment disorder, to determine 
        whether the separation was carried out in compliance with 
        Department of Defense Instruction 1332.14 and any other 
        applicable Department of Defense regulations, directives, and 
        policies.
    (b) Submission of Results and Recommendations.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Inspector General 
of the Department of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the results of 
the review conducted under subsection (a), including such 
recommendations as the Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
considers necessary.

SEC. 530C. REPORT ON DATA AND INFORMATION COLLECTED IN CONNECTION WITH 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REVIEW OF LAWS, POLICIES, AND 
              REGULATIONS RESTRICTING SERVICE OF FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing the specific results and data 
produced during the research programs, tests, surveys, consultant 
reports, assessments, and similar projects conducted to comply with the 
requirement of section 535 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 
4217) to review laws, policies, and regulations that may restrict the 
service of female members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Public Availability.--Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary 
of Defense shall make the report required by subsection (a) publically 
available.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as a request or authority for the Secretary of Defense to 
provide in the report required by subsection (a) any personal 
information that would identify, or violate the privacy of, members of 
the Armed Forces, including members who participated in the research 
programs, tests, surveys, reports, assessments, and similar projects 
conducted regarding the possible future assignments of female members 
of the Armed Forces.

SEC. 530D. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE WOMEN IN SERVICE 
              IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) In February 2012, the Secretary of Defense notified 
        Congress of the intent of the Secretary to rescind the co-
        location restriction and to implement policy exceptions to 
        allow female members of the Armed Forces to be assigned to 
        specified positions in ground combat units at the battalion 
        level.
            (2) On January 24, 2013, the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff issued guidance to rescind the direct 
        combat exclusion rule for female members of the Armed Forces 
        and eliminate all unnecessary gender-based barriers to service 
        in the Armed Forces.
            (3) The Secretaries of the military departments were 
        required to develop and submit their plans for implementation 
        of the rescission of the direct combat exclusion rule by May 
        15, 2013.
            (4) As of 2013, there are approximately 202,000 female 
        members of the Armed Forces, approximately 20,000 female 
        members have served in Iraq and Afghanistan, and more than 60 
        female members have been killed in combat.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretaries of the military departments--
            (1) no later than September 2015, should develop, review, 
        and validate individual occupational standards, using validated 
        gender-neutral occupational standards, so as to assess and 
        assign members of the Armed Forces to units, including Special 
        Operations Forces; and
            (2) no later than January 1, 2016, should complete all 
        assessments.

SEC. 530E. MEETINGS WITH RESPECT TO RELIGIOUS LIBERTY.

    (a) Notice.--
            (1) In general.--The Department of Defense shall provide to 
        the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate advance 
        written notice of any meeting to be held between Department 
        employees and civilians for the purpose of writing, revising, 
        issuing, implementing, enforcing, or seeking advice, input, or 
        counsel regarding military policy related to religious liberty.
            (2) Contents of notice.--Notice provided under paragraph 
        (1) shall include information on the time, date, location, and 
        anticipated attendees of the meeting and information on who 
        initiated the meeting.
            (3) Verbal notice.--If a meeting to which this subsection 
        applies is scheduled less than 24 hours in advance of the 
        meeting, the notice requirement under paragraph (1) may be 
        satisfied by a phone call if Committee staff provide verbal 
        confirmation of receipt of the notice.
    (b) Reports.--Not later than 72 hours after the conclusion of a 
meeting to which subsection (a) applies, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate a 
report on the meeting, which shall include information on the time, 
date, location, duration, and attendees of the meeting and information 
on who initiated the meeting.

SEC. 530F. PROOF OF PERIOD OF MILITARY SERVICE FOR PURPOSES OF INTEREST 
              RATE LIMITATION UNDER THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF 
              ACT.

    Section 207(b)(1) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
App. 527(b)(1)) is amended by inserting after ``calling the 
servicemember to military service'' the following: ``, or other 
appropriate indicator of military service, including a certified letter 
from a commanding officer or information from the Defense Manpower 
Database Center,''.

SEC. 530G. POLICY ON MILITARY RECRUITMENT AND ENLISTMENT OF GRADUATES 
              OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    (a) Conditions on Use of Test, Assessment, or Screening Tools.--In 
the case of any test, assessment, or screening tool utilized under the 
policy on recruitment and enlistment required by subsection (b) of 
section 532 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1403; 10 U.S.C. 503 note) for the 
purpose of identifying persons for recruitment and enlistment in the 
Armed Forces, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) implement a means for ensuring that graduates of a 
        secondary school (as defined in section 9101(38) of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        7801(38)), including all persons described in subsection (a)(2) 
        of section 532 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2012, are required to meet the same standard on the 
        test, assessment, or screening tool; and
            (2) use uniform testing requirements and grading standards.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in section 532(b) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 or this section 
shall be construed to permit the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary 
of a military department to create or use a different grading standard 
on any test, assessment, or screening tool utilized for the purpose of 
identifying graduates of a secondary school (as defined in section 
9101(38) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7801(38)), including all persons described in subsection (a)(2) 
of section 532 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012, for recruitment and enlistment in the Armed Forces.

SEC. 530H. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON USE OF DETERMINATION OF 
              PERSONALITY DISORDER OR ADJUSTMENT DISORDER AS BASIS TO 
              SEPARATE MEMBERS FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report evaluating--
            (1) the use by the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        since January 1, 2007, of the authority to separate members of 
        the Armed Forces from the Armed Forces due of unfitness for 
        duty because of a mental condition not amounting to disability, 
        including separation on the basis of a personality disorder or 
        adjustment disorder and the total number of members separated 
        on such basis;
            (2) the extent to which the Secretaries failed to comply 
        with regulatory requirements in separating members of the Armed 
        Forces on the basis of a personality or adjustment disorder; 
        and
            (3) the impact of such a separation on the ability of 
        veterans so separated to access service-connected disability 
        compensation, disability severance pay, and disability 
        retirement pay.

 Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault Prevention and 
                                Response

SEC. 531. LIMITATIONS ON CONVENING AUTHORITY DISCRETION REGARDING 
              COURT-MARTIAL FINDINGS AND SENTENCE.

    (a) Elimination of Unlimited Command Prerogative and Discretion.--
Paragraph (1) of section 860(c) of title 10, United States Code 
(article 60(c) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended by 
striking the first sentence.
    (b) Limitations on Discretion Regarding Court-martial Findings.--
Paragraph (3) of section 860(c) of title 10, United States Code 
(article 60(c) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(3)(A) Action on the findings of a court-martial by the convening 
authority or by another person authorized to act under this section is 
not required.
    ``(B) If the convening authority or another person authorized to 
act under this section acts on the findings of a court-martial, the 
convening authority or other person may not--
            ``(i) dismiss any charge or specification, other than a 
        charge or specification for a qualifying offense, by setting 
        aside a finding of guilty thereto; or
            ``(ii) change a finding of guilty to a charge or 
        specification, other than a charge or specification for a 
        qualifying offense, to a finding of guilty to an offense that 
        is a lesser included offense of the offense stated in the 
        charge or specification.
    ``(C) If the convening authority or another person authorized to 
act under this section acts on the findings to dismiss or change any 
charge or specification for a qualifying offense, the convening 
authority or other person shall provide, at that same time, a written 
explanation of the reasons for such action. The written explanation 
shall be made a part of the record of the trial and action thereon.
    ``(D)(i) In this paragraph, the term `qualifying offense' means, 
except in the case of an offense specified in clause (ii), an offense 
under this chapter for which--
            ``(I) the maximum sentence of confinement that may be 
        adjudged does not exceed two years; and
            ``(II) the sentence adjudged does not include dismissal, a 
        dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, or confinement for more 
        than six months.
    ``(ii) Such term does not include the following:
            ``(I) An offense under section 920 of this title (article 
        120).
            ``(II) An offense under section 928 of this title (article 
        128), if such offense consisted of assault consummated by 
        battery upon child under 16 years of age.
            ``(III) An offense under section 934 of this title (article 
        134), if such offense consisted of indecent language 
        communicated to child under the age of 16 years.
            ``(IV) Such other offenses as the Secretary of Defense may 
        exclude by regulation.''.
    (c) Limitations on Discretion to Modify an Adjudged Sentence.--
Section 860(c) of title 10, United States Code (article 60(c) of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``The convening 
        authority'' and inserting the following:
    ``(B) Except as provided in paragraph (4), the convening 
authority''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) Except as provided in subparagraphs (B) and (C), the 
convening authority or another person authorized to act under this 
section may not modify an adjudged sentence of confinement or a 
punitive discharge or disapprove, commute, or suspend an adjudged 
sentence of confinement or a punitive discharge in whole or in part.
    ``(B)(i) Upon the recommendation of the trial counsel, the 
convening authority or another person authorized to act under this 
section shall have the authority to impose a sentence below a level 
established by statute as a minimum sentence, to impose a sentence of 
confinement below the adjudged confinement sentence, or to disapprove, 
commute, or suspend the adjudged sentence in whole or in part in 
recognition of the substantial assistance by the accused in the 
investigation or prosecution of another person who has committed an 
offense.
    ``(ii) If a mandatory minimum sentence exists for a charge, the 
convening authority or another person authorized to act under this 
section may not modify an adjudged sentence to reduce the sentence to 
less than the mandatory minimum sentence or disapprove, commute, or 
suspend the adjudged mandatory minimum sentence in whole or in part. 
This limitation does not restrict the discretion of the convening 
authority or another person authorized to act under this section to 
modify, disapprove, commute, or suspend any portion of the adjudged 
sentence that is in addition to the mandatory minimum sentence.
    ``(C) In addition, if a mandatory minimum sentence does not exist 
for a charge and a pre-trial agreement has been entered into by the 
convening authority and the accused, as authorized by Rule for Court-
Martial 705, the convening authority or another person authorized to 
act under this section may take action to reduce, dismiss, or suspend 
an adjudged sentence of confinement in whole or in part pursuant to the 
terms of the pre-trial agreement.''.
    (d) Explanation for Any Decision Disapproving, Commuting, or 
Suspending Court-martial Sentence.--Section 860(c)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 60(c)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as amended by subsection (c)(1), is further amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(2)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) If the convening authority or another person authorized to 
act under this section acts to disapprove, commute, or suspend the 
sentence in whole or in part, the convening authority or other person 
shall provide, at that same time, a written explanation of the reasons 
for such action. The written explanation shall be made a part of the 
record of the trial and action thereon.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendment to Other Authority for Convening Authority 
to Suspend Sentence.--Section 871(d) of such title (article 71(d) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new sentence: ``Paragraphs (2) and (4) of subsection (c) 
of section 860 of this title (article 60) shall apply to any decision 
by the convening authority or such person to suspend the execution of 
any sentence or part thereof under this subsection.''.
    (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and shall 
apply with respect to findings and sentences of courts-martial reported 
to convening authorities under section 860 of title 10, United States 
Code (article 60 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as amended 
by this section, on or after that effective date.

SEC. 532. ELIMINATION OF FIVE-YEAR STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON TRIAL BY 
              COURT-MARTIAL FOR ADDITIONAL OFFENSES INVOLVING SEX-
              RELATED CRIMES.

    (a) Inclusion of Additional Offenses.--Section 843(a) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 43(a) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) is amended by striking ``rape, or rape of a child'' and 
inserting ``rape or sexual assault, or rape or sexual assault of a 
child''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 843(b)(2)(B)(i) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 43(b)(2)(B)(i) of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice) is amended by inserting before the period at the end 
the following: ``, unless the offense is covered by subsection (a)''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to an offense covered by section 920(b) or 920b(b) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 120(b) or 120b(b) of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice) that is committed on or after that date.

SEC. 533. DISCHARGE OR DISMISSAL FOR CERTAIN SEX-RELATED OFFENSES AND 
              TRIAL OF OFFENSES BY GENERAL COURTS-MARTIAL.

    (a) Mandatory Discharge or Dismissal Required.--
            (1) Imposition.--Section 856 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``The punishment''; 
                and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
    ``(b)(1) While a person subject to this chapter who is found guilty 
of an offense specified in paragraph (2) shall be punished as a general 
court-martial may direct, such punishment must include, at a minimum, 
dismissal or dishonorable discharge.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies to the following offenses:
            ``(A) An offense in violation of subsection (a) or (b) of 
        section 920 (article 120(a) or (b)).
            ``(B) Forcible sodomy under section 925 of this title 
        (article 125).
            ``(C) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) that is punishable under section 880 of 
        this title (article 80).''.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--
                    (A) Section heading.--The heading of such section 
                is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 856. Art. 56. Maximum and minimum limits''.
                    (B) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of subchapter VIII of chapter 47 of such 
                title is amended by striking the item relating to 
                section 856 and inserting the following new item:

``856. Art 56. Maximum and minimum limits.''.
    (b) Jurisdiction Limited to General Courts-martial.--Section 818 of 
title 10, United States Code (article 18 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before the first sentence;
            (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``However, a general 
        court-martial'' and inserting the following:
    ``(b) A general court-martial''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Consistent with sections 819, 820, and 856(b) of this title 
(articles 19, 20, and 56(b)), only general courts-martial have 
jurisdiction over an offense specified in section 856(b)(2) of this 
title (article 56(b)(2)).''.
    (c) Additional Duties for Independent Panels.--
            (1) Response systems panel.--The independent panel 
        established by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a)(1) 
        of section 576 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1758) shall 
        assess the appropriateness of statutorily mandated minimum 
        sentencing provisions for additional offenses under the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice. The panel shall include the results 
        of the assessment in the report required by subsection (c)(1) 
        of such section.
            (2) Judicial proceedings panel.--The independent panel 
        established by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a)(2) 
        of section 576 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1758) shall 
        assess the implementation and effect of the mandatory minimum 
        sentences established by section 856(b) of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 56(b) of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), as added by subsection (a) of this section. The panel 
        shall include the results of the assessment in one of the 
        reports required by subsection (c)(2)(B) of such section 576.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and apply 
to offenses specified in section 856(b)(2) of title 10, United States 
Code (article 56(b)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by subsection (a)(1), committed after that date.

SEC. 534. REGULATIONS REGARDING CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION FOR 
              PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION OR UNIT TRANSFER BY VICTIMS 
              OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    Section 673(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``The Secretaries of the military departments'' and inserting 
``The Secretary concerned''.

SEC. 535. CONSIDERATION OF NEED FOR, AND AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE FOR, 
              TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATIVE REASSIGNMENT OR REMOVAL OF A 
              MEMBER ON ACTIVE DUTY WHO IS ACCUSED OF COMMITTING A 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT OR RELATED OFFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 39 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 673 the following new section:
``Sec. 674. Temporary administrative reassignment or removal of a 
              member on active duty accused of committing a sexual 
              assault or related offense
    ``(a) Guidance for Timely Consideration and Action.--The Secretary 
concerned may provide guidance, within guidelines provided by the 
Secretary of Defense, for commanders regarding their authority to make 
a timely determination, and to take action, regarding whether a member 
of the armed forces serving on active duty who is alleged to have 
committed a sexual assault or other sex-related offense covered by 
section 920, 920a, 920b, or 920c of this title (article 120, 120a, 
120b, or 120c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) should be 
temporarily reassigned or removed from a position of authority or 
assignment, not as a punitive measure, but solely for the purpose of 
maintaining good order and discipline within the member's unit.
    ``(b) Time for Determinations.--A determination described in 
subsection (a) may be made at any time after receipt of notification of 
an unrestricted report of a sexual assault or other sex-related offense 
that identifies the member as an alleged perpetrator.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
673 the following new item:

``674. Temporary administrative reassignment or removal of a member on 
                            active duty accused of committing a sexual 
                            assault or related offense.''.
    (c) Additional Training Requirement for Commanders.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall provide for inclusion of information and discussion 
regarding the availability and use of the authority provided by section 
674 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), as 
part of the training for new and prospective commanders at all levels 
of command required by section 585(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note).

SEC. 536. VICTIMS' COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS OF SEX-RELATED OFFENSES AND 
              RELATED PROVISIONS.

    (a) Designation and Duties.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 53 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 1044d the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 1044e. Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-related offenses
    ``(a) Designation; Purposes.--The Secretary concerned shall 
designate legal counsel (to be known as `Victims' Counsel') for the 
purpose of providing legal assistance to an individual eligible for 
military legal assistance under section 1044 of this title who is the 
victim of an alleged sex-related offense, regardless of whether the 
report of that offense is restricted or unrestricted.
    ``(b) Types of Legal Assistance Authorized.--The types of legal 
assistance authorized by subsection (a) include the following:
            ``(1) Legal consultation regarding potential criminal 
        liability of the victim stemming from or in relation to the 
        circumstances surrounding the alleged sex-related offense and 
        the victim's right to seek military defense services.
            ``(2) Legal consultation regarding the Victim Witness 
        Assistance Program, including--
                    ``(A) the rights and benefits afforded the victim;
                    ``(B) the role of the Victim Witness Assistance 
                Program liaison and what privileges do or do not exist 
                between the victim and the liaison; and
                    ``(C) the nature of communication made to the 
                liaison in comparison to communication made to a 
                Victims' Counsel or a legal assistance attorney under 
                section 1044 of this title.
            ``(3) Legal consultation regarding the responsibilities and 
        support provided to the victim by the Sexual Assault Response 
        Coordinator, a unit or installation Sexual Assault Victim 
        Advocate or domestic abuse advocate, to include any privileges 
        that may exist regarding communications between those persons 
        and the victim.
            ``(4) Legal consultation regarding the potential for civil 
        litigation against other parties (other than the Department of 
        Defense).
            ``(5) Legal consultation regarding the military justice 
        system, including--
                    ``(A) the roles and responsibilities of the trial 
                counsel, the defense counsel, and investigators;
                    ``(B) any proceedings of the military justice 
                process in which the victim may observe or participate 
                as a witness or other party;
                    ``(C) the Government's authority to compel 
                cooperation and testimony; and
                    ``(D) the victim's responsibility to testify, and 
                other duties to the court.
            ``(6) Accompanying the victim at any proceedings in 
        connection with the reporting, military investigation, and 
        military prosecution of the alleged sex-related offense.
            ``(7) Legal consultation regarding--
                    ``(A) services available from appropriate agencies 
                or offices for emotional and mental health counseling 
                and other medical services;
                    ``(B) eligibility for and requirements for 
                obtaining any available military and veteran benefits, 
                such as transitional compensation benefits found in 
                section 1059 of this title and other State and Federal 
                victims' compensation programs; and
                    ``(C) the availability of, and any protections 
                offered by, civilian and military restraining orders.
            ``(8) Legal consultation and assistance in personal civil 
        legal matters in accordance with section 1044 of this title.
            ``(9) Such other legal assistance as the Secretary of 
        Defense (or, in the case of the Coast Guard, the Secretary of 
        the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating) may 
        authorize in the regulations prescribed under subsection (g).
    ``(c) Qualifications.--An individual may not be designated as a 
Victims' Counsel under this section unless the individual--
            ``(1) meets the qualifications specified in section 
        1044(d)(2) of this title; and
            ``(2) is certified as competent to be designated as a 
        Victims' Counsel by the Judge Advocate General of the Armed 
        Force in which the judge advocate is a member or by which the 
        civilian attorney is employed.
    ``(d) Administrative Responsibility.--(1) Consistent with the 
regulations prescribed under subsection (g), the Judge Advocate General 
(as defined in section 801(1) of this title) under the jurisdiction of 
the Secretary, and within the Marine Corps the Staff Judge Advocate to 
the Commandant of the Marine Corps, is responsible for the 
establishment and supervision of individuals designated as Victims' 
Counsel.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense (and, in the case of the Coast 
Guard, the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
operating) shall conduct a periodic evaluation of the Victims' Counsel 
programs operated under this section.
    ``(e) Availability of Victims' Counsel.--(1) An individual eligible 
for military legal assistance under section 1044 of this title who is 
the victim of an alleged sex-related offense shall be offered the 
option of receiving assistance from a Victims' Counsel upon report of 
an alleged sex-related offense or at the time the victim seeks 
assistance from a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator, a Sexual Assault 
Victim Advocate, a military criminal investigator, a victim/witness 
liaison, a trial counsel, a healthcare provider, or any other personnel 
designated by the Secretary concerned for purposes of this subsection.
    ``(2) The assistance of a Victims' Counsel under this subsection 
shall be available to an individual eligible for military legal 
assistance under section 1044 of this title regardless of whether the 
individual elects unrestricted or restricted reporting of the alleged 
sex-related offense. The individual shall also be informed that the 
assistance of a Victims' Counsel may be declined, in whole or in part, 
but that declining such assistance does not preclude the individual 
from subsequently requesting the assistance of a Victims' Counsel.
    ``(f) Alleged Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, the 
term `alleged sex-related offense' means any allegation of--
            ``(1) a violation of section 920, 920a, 920b, 920c, or 925 
        of ths title (article 120, 120a, 120b, 120c, or 125 of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
            ``(2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
        paragraph (1) as punishable under section 880 of this title 
        (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    ``(g) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 1044d the following new item:

``1044e. Victims' Counsel for victims of sex-related offenses.''.
            (3) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Qualifications of persons providing legal 
                assistance.--Section 1044(d)(2) of such title is 
                amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
                following: ``and, for purposes of service as a Victims' 
                Counsel under section 1044e of this title, meets the 
                additional qualifications specified in subsection 
                (c)(2) of such section.''.
                    (B) Inclusion in definition of military legal 
                assistance.--Section 1044(d)(3)(B) of such title is 
                amended by striking ``and 1044d'' and inserting 
                ``1044d, 1044e, and 1565b(a)(1)(A)''.
                    (C) Access to legal assistance and services.--
                Section 1565b(a)(1)(A) of such title is amended by 
                striking ``section 1044'' and inserting ``sections 1044 
                and 1044e''.
            (4) Implementation.--Section 1044e of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall be implemented 
        within six months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Enhanced Training Requirement.--The Secretary of each military 
department, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the 
Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Department of 
the Navy, shall implement, consistent with the guidelines provided 
under section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a), in-depth and advanced training for all military and 
civilian attorneys providing legal assistance under section 1044 or 
1044e of such to support victims of alleged sex-related offenses.
    (c) Secretary of Defense Implementation Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security with 
        respect to the Coast Guard, shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services and Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate and the Committees on Armed Services and Transportation 
        and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report 
        describing how the Armed Forces will implement the requirements 
        of section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Additional submission requirement.--The report required 
        by paragraph (1) shall also be submitted to the independent 
        review panel established by the Secretary of Defense under 
        section 576(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1758) and to 
        the Joint Services Committee on Military Justice.
    (c) Additional Duties for Independent Panels.--
            (1) Response systems panel.--The independent panel 
        established by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a)(1) 
        of section 576 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1758) shall 
        conduct an assessment regarding whether the roles, 
        responsibilities, and authorities of Victims' Counsel to 
        provide legal assistance under section 1044e of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a), to victims of 
        alleged sex-related offenses should be expanded to include 
        legal standing to represent the victim during investigative and 
        military justice proceedings in connection with the prosecution 
        of the offense. The panel shall include the results of the 
        assessment in the report required by subsection (c)(1) of such 
        section.
            (2) Judicial proceedings panel.--The independent panel 
        established by the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a)(2) 
        of section 576 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1758) shall 
        conduct an assessment of the implementation and effect of 
        section 1044e of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a), and make such recommendations for modification 
        of such section 1044e as the panel considers appropriate. The 
        panel shall include the results of the assessment and its 
        recommendations in one of the reports required by subsection 
        (c)(2)(B) of such section 576.

SEC. 537. INSPECTOR GENERAL INVESTIGATION OF ALLEGATIONS OF RETALIATORY 
              PERSONNEL ACTIONS TAKEN IN RESPONSE TO MAKING PROTECTED 
              COMMUNICATIONS REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    Section 1034(c)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``sexual harassment or'' and inserting ``rape, sexual 
assault, or other sexual misconduct in violation of sections 920 
through 920c of this title (articles 120 through 120c of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), sexual harassment, or''.

SEC. 538. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE REPORT ON ROLE OF COMMANDERS IN MILITARY 
              JUSTICE PROCESS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
containing--
            (1) an assessment of the current role and authorities of 
        commanders in the administration of military justice and the 
        investigation, prosecution, and adjudication of offenses under 
        the Uniform Code of Military Justice; and
            (2) a recommendation by the Secretary of Defense regarding 
        whether the role and authorities of commanders should be 
        further modified or repealed.

SEC. 539. REVIEW AND POLICY REGARDING DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              INVESTIGATIVE PRACTICES IN RESPONSE TO ALLEGATIONS OF 
              SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review 
of the practices of the military criminal investigative organizations 
(Army Criminal Investigation Command, Naval Criminal Investigative 
Service, and Air Force Office of Special Investigation) regarding the 
investigation of alleged sex-related offenses involving members of the 
Armed Forces, including the extent to which the military criminal 
investigative organizations make a recommendation regarding whether an 
allegation of a sex-related offense appears founded or unfounded.
    (b) Policy.--After conducting the review required by subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall develop a uniform policy for the 
Armed Forces, to the extent practicable, regarding the use of case 
determinations to record the results of the investigation of a sex-
related offense. In developing the policy, the Secretary shall consider 
the feasibility of adopting case determination methods, such as the 
uniform crime report, used by nonmilitary law enforcement agencies.
    (c) Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, the term ``sex-
related offense'' includes--
            (1) any offense covered by section 920, 920a, 920b, 920c, 
        or 925 of title 10, United States Code (article 120, 120a, 
        120b, 120c, or 125 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
            (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
        paragraph (1) as punishable under section 880 of such title 
        (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

SEC. 540. UNIFORM TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT 
              PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PROGRAM.

    Section 585(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1434; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``Not later 
                than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act, the Secretary of each military department shall 
                develop a curriculum to provide sexual assault 
                prevention and response training and education for 
                members of the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of 
                the Secretary and civilian employees of the military 
                department'' and inserting ``Not later than June 30, 
                2014, the Secretary of Defense shall develop a uniform 
                curriculum to provide sexual assault prevention and 
                response training and education for members of the 
                Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department 
                of Defense''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by inserting 
                ``including lesson plans to achieve core competencies 
                and learning objectives,'' after ``curriculum,''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``Consistent training.--The 
                Secretary of Defense shall ensure'' and inserting 
                ``Uniform training.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                require''; and
                    (B) by striking ``consistent'' and inserting 
                ``uniform''.

SEC. 541. DEVELOPMENT OF SELECTION CRITERIA FOR ASSIGNMENT AS SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT RESPONSE AND PREVENTION PROGRAM MANAGERS, SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT RESPONSE COORDINATORS, SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIM 
              ADVOCATES, AND SEXUAL ASSAULT NURSE EXAMINERS-ADULT/
              ADOLESCENT.

    (a) Qualifications for Assignment.--Section 1602(e)(2) of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note; 124 Stat. 4431) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
        and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) the qualifications necessary for a member of 
                the Armed Forces or a civilian employee of the 
                Department of Defense to be selected for assignment to 
                duty as a Sexual Assault Response and Prevention 
                Program Manager, Sexual Assault Response Coordinator, 
                or Sexual Assault Victim Advocate, whether assigned to 
                such duty on a full-time or part-time basis;
                    ``(B) consistent with section 584(c) of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
                (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note; 125 Stat. 
                1433), the training, certification, and status of 
                members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of 
                the department assigned to duty as Sexual Assault 
                Response and Prevention Program Managers, Sexual 
                Assault Response Coordinators, and Sexual Assault 
                Victim Advocates for the Armed Forces; and''.
    (b) Assignment of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners-Adult/Adolescent 
to Certain Military Units.--
            (1) Assignment to certain military units.--Section 584 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
        (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
                subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
                new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners-Adult/Adolescent.--
            ``(1) Assignment requirements.--The Secretary of each 
        military department shall assign at least one Sexual Assault 
        Nurse Examiner-Adult/Adolescent to each brigade or equivalent 
        unit level of each armed force under the jurisdiction of that 
        Secretary unless assignment to other units is determined to be 
        more practicable and effective by the Secretary of Defense. The 
        Secretary of the military department concerned may assign 
        additional Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners-Adult/Adolescent as 
        necessary based on the demographics or needs of a military 
        unit. The Secretary of the military department concerned may 
        waive the assignment requirement for a specific unit level if 
        that Secretary determines that compliance will impose an undue 
        burden, except that the Secretary shall notify Congress of each 
        waiver and explain how compliance would impose an undue burden.
            ``(2) Eligible persons.--On and after October 1, 2015, only 
        members of the armed forces and civilian employees of the 
        Department of Defense may be assigned to duty as a Sexual 
        Assault Nurse Examiner-Adult/Adolescent. The Secretary of the 
        military department concerned may satisfy paragraph (1) through 
        the assignment of additional personnel to a unit or by 
        assigning the duties of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Adult/
        Adolescent to current personnel of the unit, so long as such 
        personnel meet the training and certification requirements of 
        subsection (d).''.
            (2) Training and certification.--Subsection (d) of such 
        section, as redesignated by paragraph (1)(A), is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``assigned under 
                subsection (a) and Sexual Assault Victim Advocates 
                assigned under subsection (b)'' and inserting ``, 
                Sexual Assault Victim Advocates, and Sexual Assault 
                Nurse Examiners-Adult/Adolescent assigned under this 
                section'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the 
                following new sentence: ``In the case of the curriculum 
                and other components of the program for certification 
                of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners-Adult/Adolescent, the 
                Secretary of Defense shall utilize the most recent 
                guidelines and standards as outlined by the Department 
                of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women, in the 
                National Training Standards for Sexual Assault Medical 
                Forensic Examiners.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the 
                following new sentence: ``On and after October 1, 2015, 
                before a member or civilian employee may be assigned to 
                duty as a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Adult/
                Adolescent under subsection (c), the member or employee 
                must have completed the training program required by 
                paragraph (1) and obtained the certification.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 584 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note; 125 Stat. 1432) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``who satisfy the 
        selection criteria established under section 1602(e)(2) of the 
        Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note; 124 Stat. 
        4431)'' after ``Defense''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``who satisfy the 
        selection criteria established under section 1602(e)(2) of the 
        Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2011'' after ``Defense''.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The heading of section 584 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 
U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 584. SEXUAL ASSAULT RESPONSE COORDINATORS, SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIM 
              ADVOCATES, AND SEXUAL ASSAULT NURSE EXAMINERS-ADULT/
              ADOLESCENT.''.

SEC. 542. EXTENSION OF CRIME VICTIMS' RIGHTS TO VICTIMS OF OFFENSES 
              UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Victims' Rights.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter I of chapter 47 of title 10, 
        United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new section 
        (article):
``Sec. 806b. Art. 6b. Rights of victims of offenses under this chapter
    ``(a) Rights of a Victim of a Military Crime.--A victim of a 
military crime has the following rights:
            ``(1) The right to be reasonably protected from the 
        accused.
            ``(2) The right to reasonable, accurate, and timely notice 
        of any public proceeding in an investigation under section 832 
        of this title (article 32), court-martial, involuntary plea 
        hearing, pre-sentencing hearing, or parole hearing involving 
        the offense or of any release or escape of the accused.
            ``(3) The right not to be excluded from any such public 
        proceeding, referred to in paragraph (2) unless the military 
        judge, after receiving clear and convincing evidence, 
        determines that testimony by the victim of a military crime 
        would be materially altered if the victim of a military crime 
        heard other testimony at that proceeding.
            ``(4) The reasonable right to confer with the trial counsel 
        in the case.
            ``(5) The right to full and timely restitution as provided 
        in law.
            ``(6) The right to proceedings free from unreasonable 
        delay.
            ``(7) The right to be treated with fairness and with 
        respect for the dignity and privacy of the victim of a military 
        crime.
    ``(b) Duty of Military Judge.--In any court-martial proceeding 
involving an offense against a victim of a military crime, the military 
judge shall ensure that the victim of a military crime is afforded the 
rights described in subsection (a). Before making a determination 
described in subsection (a)(3), the military judge shall make every 
effort to permit the fullest attendance possible by the victim of a 
military crime and shall consider reasonable alternatives to the 
exclusion of the victim of a military crime from the criminal 
proceeding. The reasons for any decision denying relief under this 
subsection shall be clearly stated on the record.
    ``(c) Best Efforts Required.--(1) Military judges, trial and 
defense counsel, military criminal investigation organizations, 
services, and personnel, and other members and personnel of the 
Department of Defense engaged in the detection, investigation, or 
prosecution of offenses under this chapter (the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice) shall make their best efforts to see that a victim of 
a military crime is notified of, and accorded, the rights described in 
subsection .
    ``(2) The trial counsel in a case shall advise a victim of a 
military crime that the victim of a military crime can seek the advice 
of an attorney with respect to the rights described in subsection (a).
    ``(3) Notice of release otherwise required pursuant to this chapter 
shall not be given if such notice may endanger the safety of any 
person.
    ``(d) Victim of a Military Crime Defined.--
            ``(1) Definition.--In this section, the term `victim of a 
        military crime' means a person who has suffered direct 
        physical, emotional, or pecuniary harm as a result of the 
        commission of a crime in violation of this chapter (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice) or in violation of the law of another 
        jurisdiction if any portion of the investigation of the 
        violation of that law was conducted primarily by a military 
        criminal investigative organization (Army Criminal 
        Investigation Command, Naval Criminal Investigative Service, or 
        Air Force Office of Special Investigation). The term shall 
        include, at a minimum, the following:
                    ``(A) Members of the armed forces and their 
                dependents.
                    ``(B) Civilian employees of the Department of 
                Defense and contractor employees stationed outside the 
                continental United States and their dependents residing 
                with them.
                    ``(C) Such other individuals as the Secretary of 
                Defense determines should be included.
            ``(2) Treatment of certain victims.--In the case of a 
        victim of a military crime who is under 18 years of age, 
        incompetent, incapacitated, or deceased, the term shall also 
        include an individual acting on behalf of the victim who is (in 
        order of precedence) a spouse, parent, legal guardian, child, 
        sibling, or another dependent of the victim or another person 
        designated by the military judge, but in no event shall an 
        accused be designated or included.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter I of chapter 47 of such title (the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new item:

``806b. Art. 6b. Victims' rights of victims of offenses under this 
                            chapter.''.
    (b) Procedures To Promote Compliance.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        recommend to the President changes to the Manual for Courts-
        Martial, and prescribe such other regulations as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate, to implement section 806b of title 10, 
        United States Code (article 6b of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), as added by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The modifications and regulations issued 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) The designation of an administrative authority 
                within the Department of Defense to oversee the 
                implementation of such section 806(b), and within each 
                Armed Force, an authority to receive and investigate 
                complaints relating to the provision or violation of 
                the rights of victims of military crimes.
                    (B) A requirement for a course of training for 
                judge advocates and other appropriate members of the 
                Armed Forces and personnel of the Department to promote 
                compliance with and implementation of such section 806b 
                and assist such personnel in responding more 
                effectively to the needs of victims of military crimes.
                    (C) Disciplinary sanctions for members of the Armed 
                Forces and other personnel of the Department of 
                Defense, including suspension or termination from 
                employment in the case of employees of the Department, 
                who willfully or wantonly fail to comply with such 
                section 806b.
                    (D) Mechanisms to ensure that the Secretary of 
                Defense shall be the final arbiter of a complaint 
                authorized pursuant to subparagraph (A) by a victim of 
                a military crime that the victim was not afforded a 
                right under such section 806b.
    (c) Additional Duty for Response Systems Independent Panel.--The 
independent panel established by the Secretary of Defense under 
subsection (a)(1) of section 576 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1758) shall 
assess the feasibility and appropriateness of extending to victims of 
military crimes the additional right afforded a crime victim in 
civilian criminal legal proceedings under subsection (a)(4) of section 
3771 of title 18, United States Code, and the legal standing to seek 
enforcement of crime victim rights provided by subsection (d) of such 
section. The panel shall include the results of the assessment in the 
report required by subsection (c)(1) of such section.

SEC. 543. DEFENSE COUNSEL INTERVIEW OF COMPLAINING WITNESSES IN 
              PRESENCE OF COUNSEL FOR THE COMPLAINING WITNESS OR A 
              SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIM ADVOCATE.

    Section 846 of title 10, United States Code (article 46 of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Opportunity To Obtain Witnesses and 
        Other Evidence.--''before ``The trial counsel'';
            (2) by striking ``Process issued'' and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(c) Process.--Process issued''; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a), as designated by 
        paragraph (1), the following new subsection (b):
    ``(b) Interview of Complaining Witnesses by Defense Counsel.--(1) 
Upon notice by trial counsel to defense counsel of the name and address 
of the complaining witness or witnesses trial counsel intends to call 
to testify in any portion of an investigation under section 832 of this 
title (article 32) or a court-martial under this chapter, defense 
counsel shall make all requests to interview any such complaining 
witness through trial counsel.
    ``(2) If requested by a complaining witness subject to a request 
for interview under paragraph (1), any interview of the witness by 
defense counsel shall take place only in the presence of counsel for 
the complaining witness or a Sexual Assault Victim Advocate.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `complaining witness' means a 
person who has suffered a direct physical, emotional, or pecuniary harm 
as a result of a commission of an offense under this chapter (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.

SEC. 544. PARTICIPATION BY COMPLAINING WITNESSES IN CLEMENCY PHASE OF 
              COURTS-MARTIAL PROCESS.

    Section 860(b) of title 10, United States Code (article 60(b) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(b)(1)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) as 
        subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), respectively, and, in such 
        subparagraphs as so redesignated, by striking ``paragraph (1)'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``subparagraph (A)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2)(A) In any case in which findings and sentence have been 
adjudged for an offense involving a complaining witness, the 
complaining witness shall be provided an opportunity to submit matters 
for consideration by the convening authority or by another person 
authorized to act under this section before the convening authority or 
such other person takes action under this section. Such a submission 
shall be made within 10 days after the complaining witness has been 
given an authenticated record of trial and, if applicable, the 
recommendation of the staff judge advocate or legal officer under 
subsection (d).
    ``(B) If a complaining witness shows that additional time is 
required for submission of matters under subparagraph (A), the 
convening authority or other person taking action under this section, 
for good cause, may extend the submission period for not more than an 
additional 20 days.
    ``(C) In this paragraph, the term `complaining witness' means a 
person who has suffered a direct physical, emotional, or pecuniary harm 
as a result of a commission of an offense under this chapter (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    ``(3) The convening authority shall not consider under this section 
any submitted matters that go to the character of a complaining witness 
unless such matters were presented at the trial.''.

SEC. 545. EIGHT-DAY INCIDENT REPORTING REQUIREMENT IN RESPONSE TO 
              UNRESTRICTED REPORT OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN WHICH THE VICTIM 
              IS A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Incident Reporting Policy Requirement.--The Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
operating shall establish and maintain a policy to require the 
submission by a designated person of a written incident report not 
later than eight days after an unrestricted report of sexual assault 
has been made in which a member of the Armed Forces is the victim. At a 
minimum, this incident report shall be provided to the following:
            (1) The installation commander, if such incident occurred 
        on or in the vicinity of a military installation.
            (2) The first officer in the grade of 0-6 in the chain of 
        command of the victim.
            (3) The first general officer or flag officer in the chain 
        of command of the victim.
    (b) Purpose of the Report.--The purpose of the required incident 
report under subsection (a) is to detail the actions taken or in 
progress to provide the necessary care and support to the victim of the 
assault, to refer the allegation of sexual assault to the appropriate 
investigatory agency, and to provide initial notification of the 
serious incident when that notification has not already taken place.
    (c) Elements of Report.--
            (1) In general.--The report of an incident under subsection 
        (a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
                    (A) Time/Date/Location of incident.
                    (B) Type of offense allegation.
                    (C) Service affiliation, assigned unit, and 
                location of the victim.
                    (D) Service affiliation, assigned unit, and 
                location of the alleged offender, including information 
                regarding whether the alleged offender has been 
                temporarily transferred or removed from an assigned 
                billet or ordered to pretrial confinement or otherwise 
                restricted, if applicable.
                    (E) Post-incident actions taken in connection with 
                the incident, including the following:
                            (i) Referral of the victim to medical 
                        services and all other services available for 
                        members of the Armed Forces who are victims of 
                        sexual assault, including the date of each such 
                        referral.
                            (ii) Receipt and processing status of a 
                        request for expedited victim transfer, if 
                        applicable.
                            (iii) Notification of incident to 
                        appropriate investigatory offices, including 
                        the organization notified and date of such 
                        notification.
                            (iv) Issuance of any military protective 
                        orders in connection with the incident.
            (2) Modification.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may 
                modify the elements required in a report under this 
                section regarding an incident involving a member of the 
                Armed Forces (including the Coast Guard when it is 
                operating as service in the Department of the Navy) if 
                the Secretary determines that such modification will 
                facilitate compliance with best practices for such 
                reporting as identified by the Sexual Assault 
                Prevention and Response Office of the Department of 
                Defense.
                    (B) Coast guard.--The Secretary of the Department 
                in which the Coast Guard is operating may modify the 
                elements required in a report under this section 
                regarding an incident involving a member of the Coast 
                Guard if the Secretary determines that such 
                modification will facilitate compliance with best 
                practices for such reporting as identified by the Coast 
                Guard Office of Work-Life Programs.
            (3) For official use only.--A report under this section 
        shall be intended for official use only and shall not be 
        distributed beyond the requirements listed above.
    (d) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after enactment, The 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating shall prescribe regulations to carry out this 
section.

SEC. 546. AMENDMENT TO MANUAL FOR COURTS-MARTIAL TO ELIMINATE 
              CONSIDERATIONS RELATING TO CHARACTER AND MILITARY SERVICE 
              OF ACCUSED IN INITIAL DISPOSITION OF SEX-RELATED 
              OFFENSES.

    (a) Amendment Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
President a proposed amendment to rule 306 of the Manual for Courts-
Martial (relating to policy on initial disposition of offenses) to 
eliminate the character and military service of the accused from the 
list of factors that may be considered by the disposition authority in 
disposing of a sex-related offense.
    (b) Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, a ``sex-related 
offense'' includes--
            (1) any offense covered by section 920, 920a, 920b, 920c, 
        or 925 of title 10, United States Code (article 120, 120a, 
        120b, 120c, or 125 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
            (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a 
        paragraph (1) as punishable under section 880 of such title 
        (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

SEC. 547. INCLUSION OF LETTER OF REPRIMANDS, NONPUNITIVE LETTER OF 
              REPRIMANDS AND COUNSELING STATEMENTS.

    (a) Inclusion in Performance Evaluation Reports.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall require commanders to include letter of reprimands, 
nonpunitive letter of actions and counseling statements involving 
substantiated cases of sexual harassment or sexual assault in the 
performance evaluation report of a member of the Armed Forces for the 
purpose of--
            (1) providing commanders increased visibility of the 
        background information of members of the unit;
            (2) identifying and preventing trends of bad behavior early 
        and effectively disciplining repeated actions which hinder 
        units from fostering a healthy climate; and
            (3) preventing the transfer of sexual offenders.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``sexual harassment'' has the meaning given 
        such term in Department of Defense Directive 1350.2, Department 
        of Defense Military Equal Opportunity Program.
            (2) The term ``sexual assault'' means any of the offenses 
        described in section 920 of title 10, United States Code 
        (article 120 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

SEC. 548. ENHANCED PROTECTIONS FOR PROSPECTIVE MEMBERS AND NEW MEMBERS 
              OF THE ARMED FORCES DURING ENTRY-LEVEL PROCESSING AND 
              TRAINING.

    (a) Defining Inappropriate and Prohibited Relationships, 
Communication, Conduct, and Contact Between Certain Members.--
            (1) Policy required.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
        operating shall establish and maintain a policy to uniformly 
        define and prescribe, for the persons described in paragraph 
        (2), what constitutes an inappropriate and prohibited 
        relationship, communication, conduct, or contact, including 
        when such an action is consensual, between a member of the 
        Armed Forces described in paragraph (2)(A) and a prospective 
        member or member of the Armed Forces described in paragraph 
        (2)(B).
            (2) Covered members.--The policy required by paragraph (1) 
        shall apply to--
                    (A) a member of the Armed Forces who is superior in 
                rank to, exercises authority or control over, or 
                supervises a person described in subparagraph (B) 
                during the entry-level processing or training of the 
                person; and
                    (B) a prospective member of the Armed Forces or a 
                member of the Armed Forces undergoing entry-level 
                processing or training.
            (3) Inclusion of certain members required.--The members of 
        the Armed Forces covered by paragraph (2)(A) shall include, at 
        a minimum, military personnel assigned or attached to duty--
                    (A) for the purpose of recruiting or assessing 
                persons for enlistment or appointment as a commissioned 
                officer, warrant officer, or enlisted member of the 
                Armed Forces;
                    (B) at a Military Entrance Processing Station; or
                    (C) at an entry-level training facility or school 
                of an Armed Force.
    (b) Effect of Violations.--A member of the Armed Forces who 
violates the policy established pursuant to subsection (a) shall be 
subject to prosecution under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
    (c) Processing for Administrative Separation.--
            (1) In general.--(A) The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
        operating shall require the processing for administrative 
        separation of any member of the Armed Forces described in 
        subsection (a)(2)(A) in response to the first substantiated 
        violation by the member of the policy established pursuant to 
        subsection (a), when the member is not otherwise punitively 
        discharged or dismissed from the Armed Forces for that 
        violation.
            (B) The Secretary of each military department shall revise 
        regulations applicable to the Armed Forces under the 
        jurisdiction of the Secretary as necessary to ensure compliance 
        with the requirement under subparagraph (A).
            (2) Required elements.--(A) In imposing the requirement 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretaries shall ensure that any 
        separation decision regarding a member of the Armed Forces is 
        based on the full facts of the case and that due process 
        procedures are provided under existing law or regulations or 
        additionally prescribed, as considered necessary by the 
        Secretaries, pursuant to subsection (f).
            (B) The requirement imposed by paragraph (1) shall not be 
        interpreted to limit or alter the authority of the Secretary of 
        a military department and the Secretary of the Department in 
        which the Coast Guard is operating to process members of the 
        Armed Forces for administrative separation--
                    (i) for reasons other than a substantiated 
                violation of the policy established pursuant to 
                subsection (a); or
                    (ii) under other provisions of law or regulation.
            (3) Substantiated violation.--For purposes of paragraph 
        (1), a violation by a member of the Armed Forces described in 
        subsection (a)(2)(A) of the policy established pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall be treated as substantiated if--
                    (A) there has been a court-martial conviction for 
                violation of the policy, but the adjudged sentence does 
                not include discharge or dismissal; or
                    (B) a nonjudicial punishment authority under 
                section 815 of title 10, United States Code (article 15 
                of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) has determined 
                that a member has committed an offense in violation of 
                the policy and imposed nonjudicial punishment upon the 
                member.
    (d) Proposed Uniform Code of Military Justice Punitive Article.--
Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives--
            (1) a proposed amendment to chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) to create an 
        additional article under subchapter X of such chapter regarding 
        violations of the policy required by subsection (a); and
            (2) the conforming changes to part IV, punitive articles, 
        in the Manual for Courts-Martial that will be necessary upon 
        adoption of such article.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``entry-level processing or training'', with 
        respect to a member of the Armed forces, means the period 
        beginning on the date on which the member became a member of 
        the Armed Forces and ending on the date on which the member 
        physically arrives at that member's first duty assignment 
        following completion of initial entry training (or its 
        equivalent), as defined by the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned or the Secretary of the Department in 
        which the Coast Guard is operating.
            (2) The term ``prospective member of the Armed Forces'' 
        means a person who has had a face-to-face meeting with a member 
        of the Armed Forces assigned or attached to duty described in 
        subsection (a)(3)(A) regarding becoming a member of the Armed 
        Forces, regardless of whether the person eventually becomes a 
        member of the Armed Forces.
    (f) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall issue such 
regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section. The 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, to the extent practicable, the 
regulations are uniform for each armed force under the jurisdiction of 
that Secretary.

SEC. 549. INDEPENDENT REVIEWS AND ASSESSMENTS OF UNIFORM CODE OF 
              MILITARY JUSTICE AND JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS OF SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT CASES.

    (a) Additional Duties for Response Systems Panel Regarding 
Disposition Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The independent panel established by the 
        Secretary of Defense under subsection (a)(1) of section 576 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
        (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1758) shall--
                    (A) conduct an assessment of the impact, if any, 
                that removing from the chain of command any disposition 
                authority regarding charges preferred under the Uniform 
                Code of Military Justice would have on overall 
                reporting and prosecution of sexual assault cases; and
                    (B) review and provide comment on the report of the 
                Secretary of Defense on the role of military commanders 
                in the military justice process, which is required 
                pursuant to section 538 of this Act.
            (2) Submission of results.--The panel shall include the 
        results of the assessment and review and its recommendations 
        and comments in the report required by subsection (c)(1) of 
        such section 576, as amended by subsection (b) of this section.
    (b) Earlier Submission Deadline for Report of the Response Systems 
Panel.--Subsection (c) of section 576 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1758) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(1) Response systems panel.--Not later than one year 
        after the date of the first meeting of the panel established 
        under subsection (a)(1), the panel shall submit a report of its 
        findings and recommendations, through the Secretary of Defense, 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives. The panel shall terminate 30 days after 
        submission of such report.''.
    (c) Additional Duty for Response Systems Panel Regarding Instances 
of Members' Abusing Chain of Command Position to Gain Access to or 
Coerce Another Person for a Sex-related Offense.--
            (1) In general.--The independent panel established by the 
        Secretary of Defense under subsection (a)(1) of section 576 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
        (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1758) shall conduct an 
        assessment of instances in the Armed Forces in which a member 
        of the Armed Forces has committing a sexual act upon another 
        person by abusing one's position in the chain of command of the 
        other person to gain access to or coerce the other person.
            (2) Submission of results.--The panel shall include the 
        results of the assessment and its recommendations and comments 
        in the report required by subsection (c)(1) of such section 
        576, as amended by subsection (b) of this section.
    (d) Additional Duty for Judicial Proceedings Panel Regarding 
Additional Revision of Definition of Article 120 Sex-related 
Offenses.--The independent panel established by the Secretary of 
Defense under subsection (a)(2) of section 576 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1758) shall assess the likely consequences of amending of definition of 
rape and sexual assault under article 120 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice to expressly cover a situation in which a person 
subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice commits a sexual act 
upon another person by abusing one's position in the chain of command 
of the other person to gain access to or coerce the other person. The 
panel shall include the results of the assessment in one of the reports 
required by subsection (c)(2)(B) of such section 576.

SEC. 550. REVIEW OF THE OFFICE OF DIVERSITY MANAGEMENT AND EQUAL 
              OPPORTUNITY ROLE IN SEXUAL HARASSMENT CASES.

    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review of the Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity for 
the purposes specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Elements of Study.--In conducting the review under subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) identify and evaluate the resource and personnel gaps 
        in the Office;
            (2) identify and evaluate the role of the Office in sexual 
        harassment cases; and
            (3) evaluate how the Office works with the Sexual Assault 
        Prevention and Response Office to address sexual harassment in 
        the Armed Forces.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``sexual harassment'' 
has the meaning given such term in Department of Defense Directive 
1350.2, Department of Defense Military Equal Opportunity Program.

SEC. 550A. DISCHARGE OR DISMISSAL, AND CONFINEMENT REQUIRED FOR CERTAIN 
              SEX-RELATED OFFENSES COMMITTED BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) Mandatory Punishments.--
            (1) Imposition.--Section 856 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``The punishment''; 
                and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
    ``(b)(1) While a person subject to this chapter who is found guilty 
of an offense specified in paragraph (2) shall be punished as a general 
court-martial may direct, such punishment must include, at a minimum--
            ``(A) dismissal or dishonorable discharge; and
            ``(B) confinement for two years.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) applies to the following offenses:
            ``(A) An offense in violation of subsection (a) or (b) of 
        section 920 (article 120(a) or (b)).
            ``(B) Forcible sodomy under section 925 of this title 
        (article 125).
            ``(C) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) that is punishable under section 880 of 
        this title (article 80).''.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--
                    (A) Section heading.--The heading of such section 
                is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 856. Art. 56. Maximum and minimum limits''.
                    (B) Table of sections.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of subchapter VIII of chapter 47 of such 
                title is amended by striking the item relating to 
                section 856 and inserting the following new item:

``856. Art 56. Maximum and minimum limits.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and apply 
to offenses specified in section 856(b)(2) of title 10, United States 
Code (article 56(b)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by subsection (a)(1), committed after that date.

SEC. 550B. ENHANCEMENT TO REQUIREMENTS FOR AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION 
              ON SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE RESOURCES.

    (a) Required Posting of Information on Sexual Assault Prevention 
and Response Resources.--
            (1) Posting.--The Secretary of Defense shall require that 
        there be prominently posted, in accordance with paragraph (2), 
        notice of the following information relating to sexual assault 
        prevention and response, in a form designed to ensure 
        visibility and understanding:
                    (A) Resource information for members of the Armed 
                Forces, military dependents, and civilian personnel of 
                the Department of Defense with respect to prevention of 
                sexual assault and reporting of incidents of sexual 
                assault.
                    (B) Contact information for personnel who are 
                designated as Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
                Sexual Assault Victim Advocates.
                    (C) The Department of Defense ``hotline'' telephone 
                number, referred to as the Safe Helpline, for reporting 
                incidents of sexual assault, or any successor 
                operation.
            (2) Posting placement.--Posting under subsection (a) shall 
        be at the following locations, to the extent practicable:
                    (A) Any Department of Defense duty facility.
                    (B) Any Department of Defense dining facility.
                    (C) Any Department of Defense multi-unit 
                residential facility.
                    (D) Any Department of Defense health care facility.
                    (E) Any Department of Defense commissary or 
                exchange.
                    (F) Any Department of Defense Community Service 
                Agency.
                    (G) Any Department of Defense website.
    (b) Notice to Victims of Available Assistance.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall require that procedures in the Department of Defense for 
responding to a complaint or allegation of sexual assault submitted by 
or against a member of the Armed Forces include prompt notice to the 
person making the complaint or allegation of the forms of assistance 
available to that person from the Department of Defense and, to the 
extent known to the Secretary, through other departments and agencies, 
including State and local agencies, and other sources.

SEC. 550C. MILITARY HAZING PREVENTION OVERSIGHT PANEL.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a panel to be known as the 
Military Hazing Prevention Oversight Panel (in this section referred to 
as the ``Panel'').
    (b) Membership.--The Panel shall be composed of the following 
members:
            (1) The Secretary of the Army or the Secretary's designee.
            (2) The Secretary of the Navy or the Secretary's designee.
            (3) The Secretary of the Air Force or the Secretary's 
        designee.
            (4) The Secretary of Homeland Security (with respect to the 
        Coast Guard) or the Secretary's designee.
            (5) Members appointed by the Secretary of Defense from 
        among individuals who are not officers or employees of any 
        government and who have expertise in advocating for--
                    (A) women;
                    (B) racial or ethnic minorities;
                    (C) religious minorities; or
                    (D) gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender 
                individuals.
    (c) Duties.--The Panel shall--
            (1) make recommendations to the Secretary concerned (as 
        defined in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code) 
        on the development of the policies, programs, and procedures to 
        prevent and respond to hazing in the Armed Forces; and
            (2) monitor any policies, programs, and procedures in place 
        to prevent and respond to hazing in the Armed Forces and make 
        recommendations to the Secretary concerned on ways to improve 
        such policies, programs, and procedures.
    (d) Initial Meeting.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Panel shall hold its initial meeting.
    (e) Meetings.--The Panel shall meet not less than annually.

SEC. 550D. PREVENTION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT AT MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each of the military 
service academies adds a section in the ethics curricula of such 
academies that outlines honor, respect, and character development as 
such pertain to the issue of preventing sexual assault in the Armed 
Forces. Such curricula shall include a brief history of the problem of 
sexual assault in the Armed Forces, a definition of sexual assault, 
information relating to reporting a sexual assault, victims' rights, 
and dismissal and dishonorable discharge for offenders. Such ethics 
training shall be provided within 60 days after the initial arrival of 
a new cadet or midshipman at a military services academy and repeated 
in annual ethics training requirements.

SEC. 550E. ENSURING AWARENESS OF POLICY TO INSTRUCT VICTIMS OF SEXUAL 
              ASSAULT SEEKING SECURITY CLEARANCE TO ANSWER ``NO'' TO 
              QUESTION 21.

    (a) Ensuring Awareness of Policy.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
inform members of the United States Armed Forces of the policy 
described in subsection (b)--
            (1) at the earliest time possible, such as upon enlistment 
        and commissioning; and
            (2) during sexual assault awareness training and service 
        member interactions with sexual assault response coordinators.
    (b) Policy Described.--The policy described in this subsection is 
the policy of instructing an individual to answer ``no'' to question 21 
of Standard Form 86 of the Questionnaire for National Security 
Positions with respect to consultation with a health care professional 
if--
            (1) the individual is a victim of a sexual assault; and
            (2) the consultation occurred with respect to an emotional 
        or mental health condition strictly in relation to the sexual 
        assault.

SEC. 550F. REPORT ON POLICIES AND REGULATIONS REGARDING SERVICE MEMBERS 
              LIVING WITH OR AT RISK OF CONTRACTING HIV.

    (a) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress and make publicly available a report on the use of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice, the Manual for Courts-Martial, and related 
policies, punitive articles, and regulations with regard to service 
members living with or at risk of contracting HIV.
    (b) Contents.--The report shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of whether the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice, the Manual for Courts-Martial, and related policies, 
        punitive articles, and regulations are exercised in a way that 
        demonstrates an evidence-based, medically accurate 
        understanding of--
                    (A) the multiple factors that lead to HIV 
                transmission;
                    (B) the relative risk of HIV transmission routes;
                    (C) the associated benefits of treatment and 
                support services for people living with HIV; and
                    (D) the impact of HIV-specific policies and 
                regulations on public health and on people living with 
                or at risk of contracting HIV.
            (2) A review of court-martial decisions in recent years 
        preceding the date of enactment of this Act.
            (3) Recommendations for adjustments to the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice, the Manual for Courts-Martial, and related 
        policies, punitive articles, and regulations, as may be 
        necessary, in order to ensure that policies and regulations 
        regarding service members living with or at risk of contracting 
        HIV are in accordance with a contemporary understanding of HIV 
        transmission routes and associated benefits of treatment.
    (c) Definition of HIV.--In this section, the term ``HIV'' means 
infection with the human immunodeficiency virus.

SEC. 550G. ADDITIONAL MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              REPORTING REQUIREMENTS REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS AND 
              PREVENTION AND RESPONSE PROGRAM.

    (a) Additional Elements of Each Report.--Section 1631(b) of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4433; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(11) A description of the implementation of the 
        comprehensive policy on the retention of and access to evidence 
        and records relating to sexual assaults involving members of 
        the Armed Forces required to comply with section 586 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public 
        Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1434; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note).
            ``(12) The policies, procedures, and processes implemented 
        by the Secretary concerned to ensure detailed evidence and 
        records are transmitted to the Department of Veterans Affairs, 
        including medical records of sexual assault victims that 
        accurately and completely describe the physical and emotional 
        injuries resulting from a sexual trauma that occurred during 
        active duty service.''.
    (b) Application of Amendments.--The amendment made by this section 
shall apply beginning with the report regarding sexual assaults 
involving members of the Armed Forces required to be submitted by March 
1, 2014, under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011.

                 Subtitle E--Military Family Readiness

SEC. 551. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RECOGNITION OF SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES WHO SERVE IN COMBAT ZONES.

    (a) Establishment and Presentation of Lapel Buttons.--Chapter 57 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
1126 the following new section:
``Sec. 1126a. Spouse-of-a-combat-veteran lapel button: eligibility and 
              presentation
    ``(a) Design and Eligibility.--A lapel button, to be known as the 
spouse-of-a-combat-veteran lapel button, shall be designed, as approved 
by the Secretary of Defense, to identify and recognize the spouse of a 
member of the armed forces who is serving or has served in a combat 
zone for a period of more than 30 days.
    ``(b) Presentation.--The Secretary concerned may authorize the use 
of appropriated funds to procure spouse-of-a-combat-veteran lapel 
buttons and to provide for their presentation to eligible spouses of 
members.
    ``(c) Exception to Time-period Requirement.--The 30-day period 
specified in subsection (a) does not apply if the member is killed or 
wounded in the combat zone before the expiration the period.
    ``(d) License to Manufacture and Sell Lapel Buttons.--Section 
901(c) of title 36 shall apply with respect to the spouse-of-a-combat-
veteran lapel button authorized by this section.
    ``(e) Combat Zone Defined.--In this section, the term `combat zone' 
has the meaning given that term in section 112(c)(2) of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue such 
regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section. The 
Secretary shall ensure that the regulations are uniform for each armed 
force to the extent practicable.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1126 the following new item:

``1126a. Spouse-of-a-combat-veteran lapel button: eligibility and 
                            presentation.''.
    (c) Sense of Congress Regarding Implementation.--It is the sense of 
Congress that, as soon as practicable once the spouse-of-a-combat-
veteran lapel button becomes available, the Secretary of Defense 
should--
            (1) widely announce the availability of spouse-of-a-combat-
        veteran lapel buttons through military and public information 
        channels; and
            (2) encourage commanders at all levels to conduct 
        ceremonies recognizing the support provided by spouses of 
        members of the Armed Forces and to use the ceremonies as an 
        opportunity for members to present their spouses with a spouse-
        of-a-combat-veteran lapel button.

SEC. 552. PROTECTION OF CHILD CUSTODY ARRANGEMENTS FOR PARENTS WHO ARE 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Child Custody Protection.--Title II of the Servicemembers Civil 
Relief Act (50 U.S.C. App. 521 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new section:

``SEC. 208. CHILD CUSTODY PROTECTION.

    ``(a) Restriction on Temporary Custody Order.--If a court renders a 
temporary order for custodial responsibility for a child based solely 
on a deployment or anticipated deployment of a parent who is a 
servicemember, then the court shall require that, upon the return of 
the servicemember from deployment, the custody order that was in effect 
immediately preceding the temporary order shall be reinstated, unless 
the court finds that such a reinstatement is not in the best interest 
of the child, except that any such finding shall be subject to 
subsection (b).
    ``(b) Limitation on Consideration of Member's Deployment in 
Determination of Child's Best Interest.--If a motion or a petition is 
filed seeking a permanent order to modify the custody of the child of a 
servicemember, no court may consider the absence of the servicemember 
by reason of deployment, or the possibility of deployment, as the sole 
factor in determining the best interest of the child.
    ``(c) No Federal Jurisdiction or Right of Action or Removal.--
Nothing in this section shall create a Federal right of action or 
otherwise give rise to Federal jurisdiction or create a right of 
removal.
    ``(d) Preemption.--In any case where State law applicable to a 
child custody proceeding involving a temporary order as contemplated in 
this section provides a higher standard of protection to the rights of 
the parent who is a deploying servicemember than the rights provided 
under this section with respect to such temporary order, the 
appropriate court shall apply the higher State standard.
    ``(e) Deployment Defined.--In this section, the term `deployment' 
means the movement or mobilization of a servicemember to a location for 
a period of longer than 60 days and not longer than 540 days pursuant 
to temporary or permanent official orders--
            ``(1) that are designated as unaccompanied;
            ``(2) for which dependent travel is not authorized; or
            ``(3) that otherwise do not permit the movement of family 
        members to that location.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by adding at the end of the items relating to title 
II the following new item:

``208. Child custody protection.''.

SEC. 553. TREATMENT OF RELOCATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR PURPOSES OF MORTGAGE REFINANCING.

    (a) In General.--Title III of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act 
is amended by inserting after section 303 (50 U.S.C. App. 533) the 
following new section:

``SEC. 303A. TREATMENT OF RELOCATION OF SERVICEMEMBERS FOR ACTIVE DUTY 
              FOR PURPOSES OF MORTGAGE REFINANCING.

    ``(a) Treatment of Absence From Residence Due to Active Duty.--
While a servicemember who is the mortgagor under an existing mortgage 
does not reside in the residence that secures the existing mortgage 
because of a relocation described in subsection (c)(1)(B), if the 
servicemember inquires about or applies for a covered refinancing 
mortgage, the servicemember shall be considered, for all purposes 
relating to the covered refinancing mortgage (including such inquiry or 
application and eligibility for, and compliance with, any underwriting 
criteria and standards regarding such covered refinancing mortgage) to 
occupy the residence that secures the existing mortgage to be paid or 
prepaid by such covered refinancing mortgage as the principal residence 
of the servicemember during the period of such relocation.
    ``(b) Limitation.--Subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to a 
servicemember who inquires about or applies for a covered refinancing 
mortgage if, during the 5-year period preceding the date of such 
inquiry or application, the servicemember entered into a covered 
refinancing mortgage pursuant to this section.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Existing mortgage.--The term `existing mortgage' 
        means a mortgage that is secured by a 1- to 4-family residence, 
        including a condominium or a share in a cooperative ownership 
        housing association, that was the principal residence of a 
        servicemember for a period that--
                    ``(A) had a duration of 13 consecutive months or 
                longer; and
                    ``(B) ended upon the relocation of the 
                servicemember caused by the servicemember receiving 
                military orders for a permanent change of station or to 
                deploy with a military unit, or as an individual in 
                support of a military operation, for a period of not 
                less than 18 months that did not allow the 
                servicemember to continue to occupy such residence as a 
                principal residence.
            ``(2) Covered refinancing mortgage.--The term `covered 
        refinancing mortgage' means any mortgage that--
                    ``(A) is made for the purpose of paying or 
                prepaying, and extinguishing, the outstanding 
                obligations under an existing mortgage or mortgages; 
                and
                    ``(B) is secured by the same residence that secured 
                such existing mortgage or mortgages.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 303 
the following new item:

``303A. Treatment of relocation of servicemembers for active duty for 
                            purposes of mortgage refinancing.''.

SEC. 554. FAMILY SUPPORT PROGRAMS FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SPECIAL 
              OPERATIONS FORCES.

    (a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--Consistent with such regulations as 
the Secretary of Defense may prescribe to carry out this section, the 
Commander of the United States Special Operations Command may conduct 
up to three pilot programs to assess the feasibility and benefits of 
providing family support activities for the immediate family members of 
members of the Armed Forces assigned to special operations forces.
    (b) Selection of Programs.--In selecting the pilot programs to be 
conducted under subsection (a), the Commander shall--
            (1) identify family support activities that have a direct 
        and concrete impact on the readiness of special operations 
        forces, but that are not being provided to the immediate family 
        members of members of the Armed Forces assigned to special 
        operations forces by the Secretary of a military department; 
        and
            (2) conduct a cost-benefit analysis of each family support 
        activity proposed to be included in a pilot program.
    (c) Evaluation.--The Commander shall develop outcome measurements 
to evaluate the success of each family support activity included in a 
pilot program under subsection (a).
    (d) Additional Authority.--The Commander may expend up to 
$5,000,000 during each fiscal year specified in subsection (f) to carry 
out the pilot programs under subsection (a).
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Commander'' means the Commander of the 
        United States Special Operations Command.
            (2) The term ``immediate family members'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1789(c) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (3) The term ``special operations forces'' means those 
        forces of the Armed Forces identified as special operations 
        forces under section 167(i) of such title.
    (f) Duration of Pilot Program Authority.--The authority provided by 
subsection (a) is available to the Commander during fiscal years 2014 
through 2016.
    (g) Report.--Not later than 180 days after completing a pilot 
program under subsection (a), the Commander shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report describing the results of the 
pilot program.

SEC. 555. TRANSITION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR FAMILIES 
              FROM MILITARY TO CIVILIAN LIFE.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following:
            (1) Members of the Armed Forces and their families make 
        great sacrifices on behalf of the United States, and, when 
        their active duty service is successfully concluded, members 
        deserve the opportunity to also make a successful transition to 
        the civilian labor force.
            (2) When transitioning from active duty in the Armed Forces 
        to civilian employment, members often face barriers that make 
        it difficult to fully utilize the skills and training they 
        gained during their military service.
            (3) Members and veterans are too often required to repeat 
        education or training in order to receive industry 
        certifications and State occupational licenses, even though 
        their military training and experience often overlaps with the 
        certification or licensing requirements.
            (4) When members are transferred from military assignment 
        to military assignment, their spouses often face barriers to 
        transferring their credentials and to securing employment in 
        their new location.
            (5) More than one million members will make the transition 
        to civilian life in the coming years.
            (6) The Department of Defense established the Military 
        Credentialing and Licensing Task Force in 2012.
            (7) The Joining Forces program, a national initiative to 
        mobilize all sectors of society to give members of the Armed 
        Forces and their families the opportunities and support they 
        have earned, will make it easier for members and their families 
        to transfer skills learned while the member was serving in the 
        Armed Forces to civilian employment.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Federal Government and State governments should 
        make the transition of a member of the Armed Forces and the 
        member's spouse from military to civilian life as seamless as 
        possible by creating opportunities for the member and spouse to 
        earn, while the member is in the Armed Forces, civilian 
        occupational credentials and licenses, with an emphasis on 
        well-paying industries and occupations that have a high demand 
        for skilled workers, including: manufacturing, information 
        technology, transportation and logistics, health care, and 
        emergency medical services;
            (2) the Federal Government should assist State governments 
        in translating military training and experience into credit 
        towards professional licensure; and
            (3) State governments should streamline approaches for 
        assessing the equivalency of military training and experience, 
        and accelerate occupational licensing processes for members, 
        veterans, and their spouses.

SEC. 556. MORTGAGE PROTECTION FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES, 
              SURVIVING SPOUSES, AND CERTAIN VETERANS AND OTHER 
              IMPROVEMENTS TO THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    (a) Members of the Armed Forces, Surviving Spouses, and Certain 
Disabled Veterans.--
            (1) In general.--Title III of the Servicemembers Civil 
        Relief Act (50 U.S.C. App. 501 et seq.) is amended by inserting 
        after section 303A, as added by section 553, the following new 
        section:

``SEC. 303B. MORTGAGES AND TRUST DEEDS OF CERTAIN SERVICEMEMBERS, 
              SURVIVING SPOUSES, AND DISABLED VETERANS.

    ``(a) Mortgage as Security.--This section applies only to an 
obligation on real or personal property owned by a covered individual 
that--
            ``(1) originated at any time and for which the covered 
        individual is still obligated; and
            ``(2) is secured by a mortgage, trust deed, or other 
        security in the nature of a mortgage.
    ``(b) Stay of Proceedings.--
            ``(1) In general.--In accordance with subsection (d)(1), in 
        a judicial action pending or in a nonjudicial action commenced 
        during a covered time period to enforce an obligation described 
        in subsection (a), a court--
                    ``(A) may, after a hearing and on its own motion, 
                stay the proceedings until the end of the covered time 
                period; and
                    ``(B) shall, upon application by a covered 
                individual, stay the proceedings until the end of the 
                covered time period.
            ``(2) Obligation to stop proceedings.--Upon receipt of 
        notice provided under subsection (d)(1), a mortgagee, trustee, 
        or other creditor seeking to foreclose on real property secured 
        by an obligation covered by this section using any judicial or 
        nonjudicial proceedings shall immediately stop any such 
        proceeding until the end of the covered time period.
    ``(c) Sale or Foreclosure.--A sale, judicial or nonjudicial 
foreclosure, or seizure of property for a breach of an obligation 
described in subsection (a) that is not stayed under subsection (b) 
shall not be valid during a covered time period except--
            ``(1) upon a court order granted before such sale, judicial 
        or nonjudicial foreclosure, or seizure with a return made and 
        approved by the court; or
            ``(2) if made pursuant to an agreement as provided in 
        section 107.
    ``(d) Notice Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be covered under this section, a 
        covered individual shall provide to the mortgagee, trustee, or 
        other creditor written notice that such individual is so 
        covered.
            ``(2) Manner.--Written notice under paragraph (1) may be 
        provided electronically.
            ``(3) Time.--Notice provided under paragraph (1) shall be 
        provided during the covered time period.
            ``(4) Contents.--With respect to a servicemember described 
        in subsection (g)(1)(A), notice shall include--
                    ``(A) a copy of the servicemember's official 
                military orders, or any notification, certification, or 
                verification from a servicemember's commanding officer 
                that provides evidence of servicemember's eligibility 
                for special pay as described in subsection (g)(1)(A); 
                or
                    ``(B) an official notice using a form designed 
                under paragraph (5).
            ``(5) Official forms.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                design and distribute an official Department of Defense 
                form that can be used by an individual to give notice 
                under paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Use of official form not required.--Failure 
                by any individual to use a form designed or distributed 
                under subparagraph (A) to provide notice shall not make 
                such provision of notice invalid.
    ``(e) Aggregate Duration.--The aggregate duration for which a 
covered individual (except a servicemember described in subsection 
(g)(1)(A)) may be covered under this section is one year.
    ``(f) Misdemeanor.--A person who knowingly makes or causes to be 
made a sale, foreclosure, or seizure of property that is prohibited by 
subsection (c), or who knowingly attempts to do so, shall be fined as 
provided in title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned for not more 
than one year, or both.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered individual.--The term `covered individual' 
        means the following individuals:
                    ``(A) A servicemember who is or was eligible for 
                hostile fire or imminent danger special pay under 
                section 310 of title 37, United States Code, during a 
                period of military service.
                    ``(B) A servicemember placed on convalescent 
                status, including a servicemember transferred to the 
                temporary disability retired list under section 1202 or 
                1205 of title 10, United States Code.
                    ``(C) A veteran who was medically discharged and 
                retired under chapter 61 of title 10, United States 
                Code, except for a veteran described in section 1207 of 
                such title.
                    ``(D) A surviving spouse (as defined in section 
                101(3) of title 38, United States Code, and in 
                accordance with section 103 of such title) of a 
                servicemember who died while in military service if 
                such spouse is the successor in interest to property 
                covered under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Covered time period.--The term `covered time period' 
        means the following time periods:
                    ``(A) With respect to a servicemember who is or was 
                eligible for hostile fire or imminent danger special 
                pay under section 310 of title 37, United States Code, 
                during a period of military service, during the period 
                beginning on the first day on which the servicemember 
                is or was eligible for such special pay during such 
                period of military service and ending on the date that 
                is one year after the last day of such period of 
                military service.
                    ``(B) With respect to a servicemember described in 
                paragraph (1)(B), during the one-year period beginning 
                on the date on which the servicemember is placed on 
                convalescent status or transferred to the temporary 
                disability retired list under section 1202 or 1205 of 
                title 10, United States Code.
                    ``(C) With respect to a veteran described in 
                paragraph (1)(C), during the one-year period beginning 
                on the date of the retirement of such veteran.
                    ``(D) With respect to a surviving spouse of a 
                servicemember as described in paragraph (1)(D), during 
                the one-year period beginning on the date on which the 
                spouse receives notice of the death of the 
                servicemember.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        1(b) of such Act is amended by inserting after the item 
        relating to section 303 the following new item:

``Sec. 303B. Mortgages and trust deeds of certain servicemembers, 
                            surviving spouses, and disabled 
                            veterans.''.
            (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 107 of the 
        Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. App. 517) is amended 
        by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Other Individuals.--For purposes of this section, the term 
`servicemember' includes any covered individual under section 303B.''.
    (b) Increased Civil Penalties for Mortgage Violations.--Paragraph 
(3) of section 801(b) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
App. 597(b)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) to vindicate the public interest, assess a civil 
        penalty--
                    ``(A) with respect to a violation of section 207, 
                303, or 303B regarding real property--
                            ``(i) in an amount not exceeding $110,000 
                        for a first violation; and
                            ``(ii) in an amount not exceeding $220,000 
                        for any subsequent violation; and
                    ``(B) with respect to any other violation of this 
                Act--
                            ``(i) in an amount not exceeding $55,000 
                        for a first violation; and
                            ``(ii) in an amount not exceeding $110,000 
                        for any subsequent violation.''.
    (c) Credit Discrimination.--Section 108 of such Act (50 U.S.C. App. 
518) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Application by'' and inserting ``(a) 
        Application or Receipt.--Application by''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Eligibility.--In addition to the protections under subsection 
(a), an individual who is entitled to any right or protection provided 
under this Act may not be denied or refused credit or be subject to any 
other action described under paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection 
(a) solely by reason of such entitlement.''.
    (d) Requirements for Lending Institutions That Are Creditors for 
Obligations and Liabilities Covered by the Servicemembers Civil Relief 
Act.--Section 207 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
App. 527) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Lending Institution Requirements.--
            ``(1) Compliance officers.--Each lending institution 
        subject to the requirements of this section shall designate an 
        employee of the institution as a compliance officer who is 
        responsible for ensuring the institution's compliance with this 
        section and for distributing information to servicemembers 
        whose obligations and liabilities are covered by this section.
            ``(2) Toll-free telephone number.--During any fiscal year, 
        a lending institution subject to the requirements of this 
        section that had annual assets for the preceding fiscal year of 
        $10,000,000,000 or more shall maintain a toll-free telephone 
        number and shall make such telephone number available on the 
        primary Internet website of the institution.''.
    (e) Pension for Certain Veterans Covered by Medicaid Plans for 
Services Furnished by Nursing Facilities.--Section 5503(d)(7) of title 
38, United States Code, is amended by striking ``November 30, 2016'' 
and inserting ``March 1, 2017''.
    (f) Effective Date.--Section 303B of the Servicemembers Civil 
Relief Act, as added by subsection (a), and the amendments made by this 
section (other than the amendment made by subsection (e)), shall take 
effect on the date that is one year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 557. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RECOGNITION OF DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES WHO SERVE IN COMBAT ZONES.

    (a) Establishment and Presentation of Lapel Buttons.--Chapter 57 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
1126 the following new section:
``Sec. 1126b. Dependent-of-a-combat-veteran lapel button: eligibility 
              and presentation
    ``(a) Design and Eligibility.--A lapel button, to be known as the 
dependent-of-a-combat-veteran lapel button, shall be designed, as 
approved by the Secretary of Defense, to identify and recognize the 
dependent of a member of the armed forces who is serving or has served 
in a combat zone for a period of more than 30 days.
    ``(b) Presentation.--The Secretary concerned may authorize the use 
of appropriated funds to procure dependent-of-a-combat-veteran lapel 
buttons and to provide for their presentation to eligible dependents of 
members.
    ``(c) Exception to Time-period Requirement.--The 30-day period 
specified in subsection (a) does not apply if the member is killed or 
wounded in the combat zone before the expiration the period.
    ``(d) License to Manufacture and Sell Lapel Buttons.--Section 
901(c) of title 36 shall apply with respect to the dependent-of-a-
combat-veteran lapel button authorized by this section.
    ``(e) Combat Zone Defined.--In this section, the term `combat zone' 
has the meaning given that term in section 112(c)(2) of the Internal 
Revenue Code of 1986.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue such 
regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section. The 
Secretary shall ensure that the regulations are uniform for each armed 
force to the extent practicable.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1126 the following new item:

``1126b. Dependent-of-a-combat-veteran lapel button: eligibility and 
                            presentation.''.

     Subtitle F--Education and Training Opportunities and Wellness

SEC. 561. INCLUSION OF FREELY ASSOCIATED STATES WITHIN SCOPE OF JUNIOR 
              RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS PROGRAM.

    Section 2031(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) If a secondary educational institution in the Federated 
States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, or the 
Republic of Palau otherwise meets the conditions imposed by subsection 
(b) on the establishment and maintenance of units of the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps, the Secretary of a military department may 
establish and maintain a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps at the secondary educational institution even though the 
secondary educational institution is not a United States secondary 
educational institution.''.

SEC. 562. IMPROVED CLIMATE ASSESSMENTS AND DISSEMINATION AND TRACKING 
              OF RESULTS.

    (a) Improved Dissemination of Results in Chain of Command.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the results of command climate 
assessments are provided to the relevant individual commander and to 
the next higher level of command.
    (b) Performance Tracking.--
            (1) Evidence of compliance.--The Secretary of each military 
        department shall include in the performance evaluations and 
        assessments used by each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of 
        the Secretary a designated form where senior commanders can 
        indicate whether the commander has conducted the required 
        climate assessments.
            (2) Effect of failure to conduct assessment.--If a 
        commander is found to not have conducted the required climate 
        assessments, the failure shall be noted in the commander's 
        performance evaluation and be considered a serious factor 
        during consideration for any subsequent promotion.
    (c) Tracking System.--The Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense shall develop a system to track whether commanders are 
conducting command climate assessments.
    (d) Unit Compliance Reports.--Working with the Inspector General of 
the Department of Defense, unit commanders shall gather all the climate 
assessments from the unit and develop a compliance report that, at a 
minimum, shall include the following:
            (1) A comprehensive overview of the concerns members of the 
        unit expressed in the climate assessments.
            (2) Data showing how leadership is perceived in the unit.
            (3) A detailed strategic plan on how leadership plans to 
        address the expressed concerns.

SEC. 563. SERVICE-WIDE 360 ASSESSMENTS.

    (a) Adoption of 360-degree Approach.--The Secretary of each 
military department shall develop an assessment program modeled after 
the current Department of the Army Multi-Source Assessment and Feedback 
(MSAF) Program, known in this section as the ``360-degree approach''.
    (b) Report on Inclusion in Performance Evaluation Reports.--Not 
later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report containing the 
results of an assessment of the feasibility of including the 360-degree 
approach as part of the performance evaluation reports.
    (c) Individual Counseling.--The Secretary of each military 
department shall include individual counseling as part of the 
performance evaluation process.

SEC. 564. HEALTH WELFARE INSPECTIONS.

    The Secretary of each military department shall conduct health 
welfare inspections on a monthly basis in order to ensure and maintain 
security, military readiness, good order, and discipline of all units 
of the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary. Results of 
the Health Welfare Inspections shall be provided to both the commander 
and senior commander.

SEC. 565. REVIEW OF SECURITY OF MILITARY INSTALLATIONS, INCLUDING 
              BARRACKS AND MULTI-FAMILY RESIDENCES.

    (a) Review of Security Measures.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a review of security measures on United States military 
installations, specifically with regard to barracks and multi-family 
residences on military installations, for the purpose of ensuring the 
safety of members of the Armed Forces and their dependents who reside 
on military installations.
    (b) Elements of Study.--In conducting the review under subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) identify security gaps on military installations; and
            (2) evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of using 24-
        hour electronic monitoring or placing security personnel at all 
        points of entry into barracks and multi-family residences on 
        military installation.
    (c) Submission of Results.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a report containing the results of the study conducted under 
subsection (a), including an estimate of the costs--
            (1) to eliminate all security gaps identified under 
        subsection (b)(1); and
            (2) to provide 24-hour security monitoring as evaluated 
        under subsection (b)(2).

SEC. 566. ENHANCEMENT OF MECHANISMS TO CORRELATE SKILLS AND TRAINING 
              FOR MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTIES WITH SKILLS AND 
              TRAINING REQUIRED FOR CIVILIAN CERTIFICATIONS AND 
              LICENSES.

    (a) Improvement of Information Available to Members of the Armed 
Forces About Correlation.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
        departments, in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall, to the maximum 
        extent practicable, make information on civilian credentialing 
        opportunities available to members of the Armed Forces 
        beginning with, and at every stage of, training of members for 
        military occupational specialties, in order to permit members--
                    (A) to evaluate the extent to which such training 
                correlates with the skills and training required in 
                connection with various civilian certifications and 
                licenses; and
                    (B) to assess the suitability of such training for 
                obtaining or pursuing such civilian certifications and 
                licenses.
            (2) Coordination with transition goals plans success 
        program.--Information shall be made available under paragraph 
        (1) in a manner consistent with the Transition Goals Plans 
        Success (GPS) program.
            (3) Types of information.--The information made available 
        under paragraph (1) shall include, but not be limited to, the 
        following:
                    (A) Information on the civilian occupational 
                equivalents of military occupational specialties (MOS).
                    (B) Information on civilian license or 
                certification requirements, including examination 
                requirements.
                    (C) Information on the availability and 
                opportunities for use of educational benefits available 
                to members of the Armed Forces, as appropriate, 
                corresponding training, or continuing education that 
                leads to a certification exam in order to provide a 
                pathway to credentialing opportunities.
            (4) Use and adaptation of certain programs.--In making 
        information available under paragraph (1), the Secretaries of 
        the military departments may use and adapt appropriate portions 
        of the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line (COOL) programs of 
        the Army and the Navy and the Credentialing and Educational 
        Research Tool (CERT) of the Air Force.
    (b) Improvement of Access of Accredited Civilian Credentialing 
Agencies to Military Training Content.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
        departments, in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall, to the maximum 
        extent practicable consistent with national security 
        requirements, make available to accredited civilian 
        credentialing agencies that issue certifications or licenses, 
        upon request of such agencies, information such as military 
        course training curricula, syllabi, and materials, levels of 
        military advancement attained, and professional skills 
        developed.
            (2) Central repository.--The actions taken pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) may include the establishment of a central 
        repository of information on training and training materials 
        provided members in connection with military occupational 
        specialities that is readily accessible by accredited civilian 
        credentialing agencies described in that paragraph in order to 
        meet requests described in that paragraph.

SEC. 567. USE OF EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR COURSES IN PURSUIT OF 
              CIVILIAN CERTIFICATIONS OR LICENSES.

    (a) Courses Under Department of Defense Educational Assistance 
Authorities.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2015 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2015a. Civilian certifications and licenses: use of educational 
              assistance for courses in pursuit of civilian 
              certifications or licenses
    ``(a) Limitation on Use of Assistance.--In the case of a member of 
the armed forces who is enrolled in an educational institution in a 
State for purposes of obtaining employment in an occupation or 
profession requiring the approval or licensure of a board or agency of 
that State, educational assistance specified in subsection (b) may be 
used by the member for a course offered by the educational institution 
that is a required element of the curriculum to be satisfied to obtain 
employment in that occupation or profession only if--
            ``(1) the successful completion of the curriculum fully 
        qualifies a student to--
                    ``(A) take any examination required for entry into 
                the occupation or profession, including satisfying any 
                State or professionally mandated programmatic and 
                specialized accreditation requirements; and
                    ``(B) be certified or licensed or meet any other 
                academically related pre-conditions that are required 
                for entry into the occupation or profession; and
            ``(2) in the case of State licensing or professionally 
        mandated requirements for entry into the occupation or 
        profession that require specialized accreditation, the 
        curriculum meets the requirement for specialized accreditation 
        through its accreditation or pre-accreditation by an 
        accrediting agency or association recognized by the Secretary 
        of Education or designated by that State as a reliable 
        authority as to the quality or training offered by the 
        institution in that program.
    ``(b) Covered Educational Assistance.--The educational assistance 
specified in this subsection is educational assistance as follows:
            ``(1) Educational assistance for members of the armed 
        forces under section 2007 and 2015 of this title.
            ``(2) Educational assistance for persons enlisting for 
        active duty under chapter 106A of this title.
            ``(3) Educational assistance for members of the armed 
        forces held as captives under section 2183 of this title.
            ``(4) Educational assistance for members of the Selected 
        Reserve under chapter 1606 of this title.
            ``(5) Educational assistance for reserve component members 
        supporting contingency operations and other operations under 
        chapter 1607 of this title.
            ``(6) Such other educational assistance provided members of 
        the armed force under the laws the administered by the 
        Secretary of Defense or the Secretaries of the military 
        departments as the Secretary of Defense shall designate for 
        purposes of this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 101 of such title is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 2015 the following new item:

``2015a. Civilian certifications and licenses: use of educational 
                            assistance for courses in pursuit of 
                            civilian certifications or licenses.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on August 1, 2014, and shall apply with respect to courses 
pursued on or after that date.

SEC. 568. REQUIREMENT TO CONTINUE PROVISION OF TUITION ASSISTANCE FOR 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    The Secretary of each military department shall carry out tuition 
assistance programs for members of an Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of that Secretary during fiscal year 2014 using an amount 
not less than the sum of any amounts appropriated or otherwise made 
available for tuition assistance for members of that Armed Force for 
fiscal year 2014.

SEC. 569. INTERNET ACCESS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMY, NAVY, AIR FORCE, AND 
              MARINE CORPS SERVING IN COMBAT ZONES.

    (a) Provision of Internet Access Requirement.--The Secretaries of 
the military departments shall ensure that members of the Army, Navy, 
Air Force, and Marine Corps who are deployed in an area for which 
imminent danger pay or hazardous duty pay is authorized under section 
310 or 351 of title 37, United States Code, have reasonable access to 
the Internet in order to permit the members--
            (1) to engage in video-conferencing and other communication 
        with their families and friends; and
            (2) to enjoy the educational and recreational capabilities 
        of the Internet via websites approved by the Secretary 
        concerned.
    (b) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of a military department may 
waive the requirement imposed by subsection (a) for an area, or for 
certain time periods in an area, if the Secretary determines that the 
security environment of the area does not reasonably allow for 
recreational Internet use.
    (c) No Charge for Access and Use.--Internet access and use shall be 
provided to members under this section without charge.
    (d) Effective Date.--The requirement imposed by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on January 1, 2014.

SEC. 570. REPORT ON THE TROOPS TO TEACHERS PROGRAM.

    Not later than March 1, 2014, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the Troops to Teachers program that 
includes each of the following:
            (1) An evaluation of whether there is a need to broaden 
        eligibility to allow service members and veterans without a 
        bachelor's degree admission into the program and whether the 
        program can be strengthened.
            (2) An evaluation of whether a pilot program should be 
        established to demonstrate the potential benefit of an 
        institutional based award for troops to teachers, as long as 
        any such pilot maximizes benefits to soldiers and minimizes 
        administrative and other overhead costs at the participating 
        academic institutions.

SEC. 570A. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF REQUIRING 
              AUTOMATIC OPERATION OF CURRENT PROHIBITION ON ACCRUAL OF 
              INTEREST ON DIRECT STUDENT LOANS OF CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense, after consultation with relevant Federal 
agencies, shall submit to Congress a report addressing the following:
            (1) Whether application of the benefits provided under 
        section 455(o) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1087e(o)) could occur automatically for members of the Armed 
        Forces eligible for the benefits.
            (2) How the Department of Defense would implement the 
        automatic operation of the current prohibition on the accrual 
        of interest on direct student loans of certain members, 
        including the Federal agencies with which the Department of 
        Defense would coordinate.
            (3) If the Secretary determines that automatic operation is 
        not feasible, an explanation of the reasons for that 
        determination.

               Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
              AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2014 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $20,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Assistance to Schools With Enrollment Changes Due to Base 
Closures, Force Structure Changes, or Force Relocations.--
            (1) Extension of authority to provide assistance.--Section 
        572(b)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2006 (20 U.S.C. 7703b(b)(4)) is amended by striking 
        ``September 30, 2014'' and inserting ``September 30, 2015''.
            (2) Amount of assistance authorized.--Of the amount 
        authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 by section 
        301 and available for operation and maintenance for Defense-
        wide activities as specified in the funding table in section 
        4301, $5,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of 
        providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
        subsection (b) of section 572 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
8013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 572. SUPPORT FOR EFFORTS TO IMPROVE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND 
              TRANSITION OF MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.

    The Secretary of Defense may make grants to nonprofit organizations 
that provide services to improve the academic achievement of military 
dependent students, including those nonprofit organizations whose 
programs focus on improving the civic responsibility of military 
dependent students and their understanding of the Federal Government 
through direct exposure to the operations of the Federal Government.

SEC. 573. TREATMENT OF TUITION PAYMENTS RECEIVED FOR VIRTUAL ELEMENTARY 
              AND SECONDARY EDUCATION COMPONENT OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Crediting of Payments.--Section 2164(l) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(3) Any payments received by the Secretary of Defense under this 
subsection shall be credited to the account designated by the Secretary 
for the operation of the virtual educational program under this 
subsection. Payments so credited shall be merged with other funds in 
the account and shall be available, to the extent provided in advance 
in appropriation Acts, for the same purposes and the same period as 
other funds in the account.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall apply only with respect to tuition payments received under 
section 2164(l) of title 10, United States Code, for enrollments 
authorized by such section, after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, in the virtual elementary and secondary education program of the 
Department of Defense education program.

                   Subtitle H--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581. FRAUDULENT REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT RECEIPT OF MILITARY 
              DECORATIONS OR MEDALS.

    (a) In General.--Section 704 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``wears,''; and
            (2) so that subsection (b) reads as follows:
    ``(b) Fraudulent Representations About Receipt of Military 
Decorations or Medals.--Whoever, with intent to obtain money, property, 
or other tangible benefit, fraudulently holds oneself out to be a 
recipient of a decoration or medal described in subsection (c)(2) or 
(d) shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than one year, 
or both.''.
    (b) Addition of Certain Other Medals.--Section 704(d) of title 18, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``If a decoration'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--If a decoration'';
            (2) by inserting ``a combat badge,'' after ``1129 of title 
        10,''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Combat badge defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `combat badge' means a Combat Infantryman's Badge, Combat 
        Action Badge, Combat Medical Badge, Combat Action Ribbon, or 
        Combat Action Medal.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 704 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended in each of subsections (c)(1) and (d) by striking ``or 
(b)''.

SEC. 582. REPEAL OF LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF MEDALS OF HONOR THAT MAY BE 
              AWARDED TO THE SAME MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Army.--Section 3744(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``medal of honor, distinguished-service cross,'' 
and inserting ``distinguished-service cross''.
    (b) Navy and Marine Corps.--Section 6247 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``medal of honor,''.
    (c) Air Force.--Section 8744(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``medal of honor, Air Force cross,'' and inserting 
``Air Force Cross''.

SEC. 583. STANDARDIZATION OF TIME-LIMITS FOR RECOMMENDING AND AWARDING 
              MEDAL OF HONOR, DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS, NAVY CROSS, 
              AIR FORCE CROSS, AND DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE MEDAL.

    (a) Army.--Section 3744(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``three years'' and 
        inserting ``five years''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``two years'' and 
        inserting ``three years''.
    (b) Air Force.--Section 8744(b) of such title is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``three years'' and 
        inserting ``five years''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``two years'' and 
        inserting ``three years''.

SEC. 584. RECODIFICATION AND REVISION OF ARMY, NAVY, AIR FORCE, AND 
              COAST GUARD MEDAL OF HONOR ROLL REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Automatic Enrollment and Furnishing of Certificate.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 57 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 1134 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 1134a. Medal of honor: Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard 
              Medal of Honor Roll
    ``(a) Establishment.--There shall be in the Department of the Army, 
the Department of the Navy, the Department of the Air Force, and the 
Department in which the Coast Guard is operating a roll designated as 
the `Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard Medal of Honor Roll'.
    ``(b) Enrollment.--The Secretary concerned shall enter and record 
on the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard Medal of Honor Roll the 
name of each person who has served on active duty in the armed forces 
and who has been awarded a medal of honor pursuant to section 3741, 
6241, or 8741 of this title or section 491 of title 14.
    ``(c) Issuance of Enrollment Certificate.--Each living person whose 
name is entered on the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard Medal of 
Honor Roll shall be issued a certificate of enrollment on the roll.
    ``(d) Entitlement to Special Pension; Notice to Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs.--The Secretary concerned shall deliver to the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs a certified copy of each certificate of 
enrollment issued under subsection (c). The copy of the certificate 
shall authorize the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to pay the special 
pension provided by section 1562 of title 38 to the person named in the 
certificate.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 1134 the following new item:

``1134a. Medal of honor: Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard Medal 
                            of Honor Roll.''.
    (b) Special Pension.--
            (1) Automatic entitlement.--Subsection (a) of section 1562 
        of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``each person'' and inserting 
                ``each living person'';
                    (B) by striking ``Honor roll'' and inserting 
                ``Honor Roll'';
                    (C) by striking ``subsection (c) of section 1561 of 
                this title'' and inserting ``subsection (d) of section 
                1134a of title 10''; and
                    (D) by striking ``date of application therefor 
                under section 1560 of this title'' and inserting ``date 
                on which the person's name is entered on the Army, 
                Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard Medal of Honor Roll 
                under subsection (b) of such section''.
            (2) Election to decline special pension.--Such section is 
        further amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g)(1) A person who is entitled to special pension under 
subsection (a) may elect not to receive special pension by notifying 
the Secretary of such election in writing.
    ``(2) Upon receipt of an election made by a person under paragraph 
(1) not to receive special pension, the Secretary shall cease payments 
of special pension to the person.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Repeal of recodified provisions.--Sections 1560 and 
        1561 of title 38, United States Code, are repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 15 of such title is amended by striking 
        the items relating to sections 1560 and 1561.
    (d) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply with respect to Medals of Honor awarded on or after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 585. TREATMENT OF VICTIMS OF THE ATTACKS AT RECRUITING STATION IN 
              LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, AND AT FORT HOOD, TEXAS.

    (a) Award of Purple Heart Required.--The Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall award the Purple Heart to the members of the 
Armed Forces who were killed or wounded in the attacks that occurred at 
the recruiting station in Little Rock, Arkansas, on June 1, 2009, and 
at Fort Hood, Texas, on November 5, 2009.
    (b) Exception.--This section shall not apply to a member of the 
Armed Forces whose death or wound in an attack described in subsection 
(a) was the result of the willful misconduct of the member.

SEC. 586. RETROACTIVE AWARD OF ARMY COMBAT ACTION BADGE.

    (a) Authority To Award.--The Secretary of the Army may award the 
Army Combat Action Badge (established by order of the Secretary of the 
Army through Headquarters, Department of the Army Letter 600-05-1, 
dated June 3, 2005) to a person who, while a member of the Army, 
participated in combat during which the person personally engaged, or 
was personally engaged by, the enemy at any time during the period 
beginning on December 7, 1941, and ending on September 18, 2001 (the 
date of the otherwise applicable limitation on retroactivity for the 
award of such decoration), if the Secretary determines that the person 
has not been previously recognized in an appropriate manner for such 
participation.
    (b) Procurement of Badge.--The Secretary of the Army may make 
arrangements with suppliers of the Army Combat Action Badge so that 
eligible recipients of the Army Combat Action Badge pursuant to 
subsection (a) may procure the badge directly from suppliers, thereby 
eliminating or at least substantially reducing administrative costs for 
the Army to carry out this section.

SEC. 587. REPORT ON NAVY REVIEW, FINDINGS, AND ACTIONS PERTAINING TO 
              MEDAL OF HONOR NOMINATION OF MARINE CORPS SERGEANT RAFAEL 
              PERALTA.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report describing 
the Navy review, findings, and actions pertaining to the Medal of Honor 
nomination of Marine Corps Sergeant Rafael Peralta. The report shall 
account for all evidence submitted with regard to the case.

SEC. 588. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS TO 
              SERGEANT FIRST CLASS ROBERT F. KEISER FOR ACTS OF VALOR 
              DURING THE KOREAN WAR.

    (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations specified 
in section 3144 of title 10, United States Code, or any other time 
limitation with respect to the awarding of certain medals to persons 
who served in the Armed Forces, the Secretary of the Army is authorized 
and requested to award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 
3742 of such title to Sergeant First Class Robert F. Keiser for the 
acts of valor referred to in subsection (b) during the Korean War.
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Robert F. Keiser's on November 30, 
1950, as a member of the 2d Military Police Company, 2d Infantry 
Division, United States Army, during the Division's successful 
withdrawal from the Kunuri-Sunchon Pass.

SEC. 589. REQUIRED GOLD CONTENT FOR MEDAL OF HONOR.

    (a) Army.--
            (1) Gold content.--Section 3741 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``The President'' and inserting 
                ``(a) Award.--The President''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
    ``(b) Gold Content.--The metal content of the Medal of Honor shall 
be 90 percent gold and 10 percent alloy.''.
            (2) Exception for duplicate medal.--Section 3754 of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``Section 3741(b) of this title shall not apply to 
        the issuance of a duplicate Medal of Honor under this 
        section.''.
    (b) Navy.--
            (1) Gold content.--Section 6241 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``The President'' and inserting 
                ``(a) Award.--The President''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
    ``(b) Gold Content.--The metal content of the Medal of Honor shall 
be 90 percent gold and 10 percent alloy.''.
            (2) Exception for duplicate medal.--Section 6256 of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``Section 6241(b) of this title shall not apply to 
        the issuance of a duplicate Medal of Honor under this 
        section.''.
    (c) Air Force.--
            (1) Gold content.--Section 8741 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``The President'' and inserting 
                ``(a) Award.--The President''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
    ``(b) Gold Content.--The metal content of the Medal of Honor shall 
be 90 percent gold and 10 percent alloy.''.
            (2) Exception for duplicate medal.--Section 8754 of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``Section 8741(b) of this title shall not apply to 
        the issuance of a duplicate Medal of Honor under this 
        section.''.
    (d) Coast Guard.--
            (1) Gold content.--Section 491 of title 14, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``The President'' and inserting 
                ``(a) Award.--The President''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
    ``(b) Gold Content.--The metal content of the Medal of Honor shall 
be 90 percent gold and 10 percent alloy.''.
            (2) Exception for duplicate medal.--Section 504 of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``Section 491(b) of this title shall not apply to the 
        issuance of a duplicate Medal of Honor under this section.''.
    (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to Medals of Honor awarded after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 590. CONSIDERATION OF SILVER STAR AWARD NOMINATIONS.

    The Secretary of the Army shall consider the nominations for the 
Silver Star Award, as previously submitted, for retired Master 
Sergeants Michael McElhiney, Ronnie Raikes, Gilbert Magallanes, and 
Staff Sergeant Wesley McGirr.

SEC. 590A. REPORT ON ARMY REVIEW, FINDINGS, AND ACTIONS PERTAINING TO 
              MEDAL OF HONOR NOMINATION OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM L. ALBRACHT.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives a report describing the Army's 
review, findings, and actions pertaining to the Medal of Honor 
nomination of Captain William L. Albracht. The report shall account for 
all evidence submitted with regard to the case.

SEC. 590B. REPLACEMENT OF MILITARY DECORATIONS.

    (a) Prompt Replacement Required; Annual Report.--Section 1135 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(b) Prompt Replacement Required.--When a request for the 
replacement of a military decoration is received under this section or 
section 3747, 3751, 6253, 8747, or 8751 of this title, the Secretary 
concerned shall ensure that--
            ``(1) all actions to be taken with respect to the request, 
        including verification of the service record of the recipient 
        of the military decoration, are completed within one year; and
            ``(2) the replacement military decoration is mailed to the 
        person requesting the replacement military decoration within 60 
        days after verification of the service record.
    ``(c) Annual Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an annual report regarding compliance 
by the military departments with the performance standards imposed by 
subsection (b). Each report shall include--
            ``(1) for the one-year period covered by the report--
                    ``(A) the average number of days it took to verify 
                the service record and entitlement of members and 
                former members of the armed forces for replacement 
                military decorations;
                    ``(B) the average number of days between receipt of 
                a request and the date on which the replacement 
                military decoration was mailed; and
                    ``(C) the average number of days between 
                verification of a service record and the date on which 
                the replacement military decoration was mailed; and
            ``(2) an estimate of the funds necessary for the next 
        fiscal year to meet or exceed such performance standards.''.
    (b) Plan Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees (as defined in section 101(a)(16) of 
title 10, United States Code) a plan to implement the amendments made 
by subsection (a), including an estimate of the funds necessary for 
fiscal year 2015 to meet or exceed the performance standards imposed by 
such amendments.

SEC. 590C. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO FIRST 
              LIEUTENANT ALONZO H. CUSHING FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING THE 
              CIVIL WAR.

    (a) Authorization.--Subject to subsection (c), notwithstanding the 
time limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States 
Code, or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President 
is authorized and requested to award the Medal of Honor under section 
3741 of such title to then First Lieutenant Alonzo H. Cushing for 
conspicuous acts of gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of life and 
beyond the call of duty in the Civil War, as described in subsection 
(b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of then First Lieutenant Alonzo H. 
Cushing while in command of Battery A, 4th United States Artillery, 
Army of the Potomac, at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on July 3, 1863, 
during the American Civil War.
    (c) Report Submission.--Subsection (a) shall take effect upon 
receipt by the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the report, as required in House Report 112-705, 
providing information on the process and materials used by review 
boards for the consideration of Medal of Honor recommendations for acts 
of heroism that occurred during the Civil War.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

SEC. 591. REVISION OF SPECIFIED SENIOR MILITARY COLLEGES TO REFLECT 
              CONSOLIDATION OF NORTH GEORGIA COLLEGE AND STATE 
              UNIVERSITY AND GAINESVILLE STATE COLLEGE.

    Paragraph (6) of section 2111a(f) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(6) The University of North Georgia.''.

SEC. 592. AUTHORITY TO ENTER INTO CONCESSIONS CONTRACTS AT ARMY 
              NATIONAL MILITARY CEMETERIES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 446 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 4727. Cemetery concessions contracts
    ``(a) Contracts Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may enter 
into a contract with an appropriate entity for the provision of 
transportation, interpretative, or other necessary or appropriate 
concession services to visitors at the Army National Military 
Cemeteries.
    ``(b) Special Requirements.--(1) The Secretary of the Army shall 
establish and include in each concession contract such requirements as 
the Secretary determines are necessary to ensure the protection, 
dignity, and solemnity of the cemetery at which services are provided 
under the contract.
    ``(2) A concession contract shall not include operation of the gift 
shop at Arlington National Cemetery without the specific prior 
authorization by an Act of Congress.
    ``(c) Term of Contracts.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
a concession contract may be awarded for a period of not more than 10 
years.
    ``(2)(A) If the Secretary of the Army determines that the terms and 
conditions of a concession contract to be entered into under this 
section, including any required construction of capital improvements, 
warrant entering into the contract for a period of greater than 10 
years, the Secretary may award the contract for a period of up to 20 
years.
    ``(B) If a concession contract is intended solely for the provision 
of transportation services, the Secretary may enter into the contract 
for a period of not more than five years and may extend the period of 
the contract for one or more successive five-year periods pursuant to 
an option included in the contract or a modification of the contract. 
The aggregate period of any such contract, including extensions, may 
not exceed 10 years.
    ``(d) Franchise Fees.--A concession contract shall provide for 
payment to the United States of a franchise fee or such other monetary 
consideration as determined by the Secretary of the Army. The Secretary 
shall ensure that the objective of generating revenue for the United 
States is subordinate to the objectives of honoring the service and 
sacrifices of the deceased members of the armed forces and of providing 
necessary and appropriate services for visitors to the Cemeteries at 
reasonable rates.
    ``(e) Special Account.--All franchise fees (and other monetary 
consideration) collected by the United States under subsection (d) 
shall be deposited into a special account established in the Treasury 
of the United States. The funds deposited in such account shall be 
available for expenditure by the Secretary of the Army, to the extent 
authorized and in such amounts as are provided in advance in 
appropriations Acts, to support activities at the Cemeteries. The funds 
deposited into the account shall remain available until expended.
    ``(f) Concession Contract Defined.--In this section, the term 
`concession contract' means a contract authorized and entered into 
under this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``4727. Cemetery concessions contracts.''.

SEC. 593. COMMISSION ON MILITARY BEHAVIORAL HEALTH AND DISCIPLINARY 
              ISSUES.

    (a) Establishment of Commission.--There is established the 
Commission on Military Behavioral Health and Disciplinary Issues (in 
this section referred to as the ``Commission'').
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Composition.--The Commission shall be composed of 10 
        members, of whom--
                    (A) two shall be appointed by the President;
                    (B) two shall be appointed by the Chairman of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
                    (C) two shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of 
                the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
                    (D) two shall be appointed by the Chairman of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (E) two shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of 
                the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Appointment date.--The appointments of the members of 
        the Commission shall be made not later than 30 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act. If one or more appointments 
        under a subparagraph of paragraph (1) is not made by such 
        appointment date, the authority to make such appointment or 
        appointments shall expire, and the number of members of the 
        Commission shall be reduced by the number equal to the number 
        of appointments not made.
            (3) Expertise.--In making appointments under this 
        subsection, consideration should be given to individuals with 
        expertise in service-connected mental disorders, post-traumatic 
        stress disorder (PTSD), traumatic brain injury (TBI), 
        psychiatry, behavioral health, neurology, as well as 
        disciplinary matters and military justice.
            (4) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members shall be 
        appointed for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy in the 
        Commission shall not affect its powers, but shall be filled in 
        the same manner as the original appointment.
            (5) Initial meeting.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        appointment date specified in paragraph (2), the Commission 
        shall hold its first meeting.
            (6) Meetings.--The Commission shall meet at the call of the 
        Chair. A majority of the members of the Commission shall 
        constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may hold 
        hearings.
            (7) Chair and vice chairman.--The Commission shall select a 
        Chair and Vice Chair from among its members.
    (c) Study and Report.--
            (1) Study required.--The Commission shall undertake a 
        comprehensive study of whether--
                    (A) the Department of Defense mechanisms for 
                disciplinary action adequately address the impact of 
                service-connected mental disorders and TBI on the basis 
                for the disciplinary action; and
                    (B) whether the disciplinary mechanisms should be 
                revisited in light of new information regarding the 
                connection between service-connected mental disorders 
                and TBI, behavioral problems, and disciplinary action.
            (2) Considerations.--In considering the Department of 
        Defense mechanisms for disciplinary action, the Commission 
        shall give particular consideration to evaluating a structure 
        that examines those members diagnosed with or reasonably 
        asserting post traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain 
        injury that have been deployed overseas in support of a 
        contingency operation during the previous 24 months and how 
        that injury or deployment may constitute matters in extenuation 
        that relate to the basis for administrative separation under 
        conditions other than honorable or the overall characterization 
        of service of the member as other than honorable.
            (3) Report.--Not later than June 30, 2014, the Commission 
        shall submit to the President and the congressional defense 
        committees a report containing a detailed statement of the 
        findings and conclusions of the Commission as a result of the 
        study required by this subsection, together with its 
        recommendations for such legislation and administrative actions 
        it may consider appropriate in light of the results of the 
        study.
    (d) Powers of the Commission.--
            (1) Hearings.--The Commission may hold such hearings, sit 
        and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and 
        receive such evidence as the Commission considers advisable to 
        carry out this section.
            (2) Information from federal agencies.--The Commission may 
        secure directly from any Federal department or agency such 
        information as the Commission considers necessary to carry out 
        this section. Upon request of the Chair of the Commission, the 
        head of such department or agency shall furnish such 
        information to the Commission.
    (e) Commission Personnel Matters.--
            (1) Compensation of members.--All members of the Commission 
        who are officers or employees of the United States shall serve 
        without compensation in addition to that received for their 
        services as officers or employees of the United States.
            (2) Travel expenses.--The members of the Commission shall 
        be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
        subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies 
        under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States 
        Code, while away from their homes or regular places of business 
        in the performance of services for the Commission.
            (3) Staff.--The Chair of the Commission may, without regard 
        to the civil service laws and regulations, appoint and 
        terminate an executive director and such other additional 
        personnel from as may be necessary to enable the Commission to 
        perform its duties. The employment of an executive director 
        shall be subject to confirmation by the Commission. The staff 
        members should be officers or employees of the United States.
    (f) Termination Date.--The Commission shall terminate 30 days after 
the date on which the Commission submits its report.

SEC. 594. COMMISSION ON SERVICE TO THE NATION.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a commission to be known 
as the ``Commission on Service to the Nation''.
    (b) Duties.--
            (1) Study.--The Commission shall carry out a study of the 
        following:
                    (A) The effect of warfare, focusing on recent wars 
                and conflicts, on members of the Armed Forces, the 
                families of members, and the communities of members.
                    (B) The outgoing experience and transition between 
                military and civilian life.
                    (C) The gaps between the military and those 
                Americans who do not participate directly in the 
                military community.
            (2) Testimony and research.--In carrying out the study 
        under paragraph (1), the Commission shall--
                    (A) hear testimony from all aspects of military and 
                civilian life, including public, private, individual 
                and institutional stakeholders, with personal 
                testimony, expert testimony, academic testimony, as 
                well as testimony from association and community 
                leaders, and other testimony as appropriate;
                    (B) hear and accept testimony in an open and public 
                manner, accepting testimony in a wide variety of ways 
                for each hearing, including submissions made through a 
                public internet website, and testimony heard remotely 
                if appropriate;
                    (C) retain the records of all hearings and 
                artifacts of testimony for the purposes of historical 
                documentation and research;
                    (D) assess the social, mental, and physical effects 
                of war on active members of the Armed Forces, the 
                families of members, and the communities of members and 
                the preparation they receive for transitioning out of 
                the military; and
                    (E) assess the existing academic and social science 
                research and analysis on transition from active 
                military to civilian life.
            (3) Recommendations.--The Commission shall make 
        recommendations, based on the analyses in subparagraphs (A) 
        through (C) of paragraph (1), on how to better--
                    (A) support the transition to civilian life of a 
                member of the Armed Forces;
                    (B) support the families and communities of the 
                member; and
                    (C) better connect the military community and 
                civilians.
            (4) Website.--The Commission shall maintain an Internet 
        website available to the public to--
                    (A) share the schedule of the Commission;
                    (B) notify the public of events;
                    (C) accept feedback; and
                    (D) post records of events and other information to 
                inform the public in a manner consistent with the 
                mission of the Commission.
    (c) Composition.--
            (1) Members.--The Commission shall be composed of 15 
        members appointed as follows:
                    (A) Four members appointed by Majority Leader of 
                the Senate, in consultation with the chairman of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
                    (B) Four members appointed by the Speaker of the 
                House of Representatives, in consultation with the 
                chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the 
                House of Representatives.
                    (C) Two members appointed by the Minority Leader of 
                the Senate, in consultation with the ranking minority 
                member of the Committee on Armed Services of the 
                Senate.
                    (D) Two members appointed by the Minority Leader of 
                the House of Representatives, in consultation with the 
                ranking minority member of the Committee on Armed 
                Service of the House of Representatives.
                    (E) Three members appointed by the President.
            (2) Qualifications.--The members of the Commission shall be 
        appointed from among persons who have knowledge and expertise 
        in the following areas:
                    (A) The effects of war on members of the Armed 
                Forces, their families, and society.
                    (B) The process of transitioning out of the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (C) The resources available to members and their 
                families as members transition out of the Armed Forces 
                and into society.
                    (D) Personnel benefits, including healthcare and 
                job training, available to members.
                    (E) Policy making and policy analysis.
            (3) Service requirement.--Not less than one member of the 
        Commission appointed under each of subparagraphs (A) through 
        (E) of paragraph (1) shall have served in the Armed Forces.
            (4) Duration and vacancies.--Members of the Commission 
        shall be appointed for the life of the Commission. A vacancy in 
        the membership of the Commission shall not affect the powers of 
        the Commission, but shall be filled in the same manner as the 
        original appointment.
            (5) Chairman.--The President shall designate a member of 
        the Commission to serve as chairman of the Commission.
            (6) Deadline for appointment.--The members shall be 
        appointed by not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (d) Procedures.--
            (1) Initial meeting.--The Commission shall hold its initial 
        meeting not later than 30 days after the date on which all 
        members of the Commission have been appointed.
            (2) Meetings.--After the initial meeting under paragraph 
        (1), the Commission shall meet at the call of the chairman.
            (3) Quorum.--Four members of the Commission shall 
        constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may hold 
        hearings.
            (4) Procedure.--The Commission shall act by resolution 
        agreed to by a majority of the members of the Commission.
            (5) Panels.--The Commission may establish panels composed 
        of less than the full membership of the Commission for the 
        purpose of carrying out the Commission's duties. The actions of 
        each such panel shall be subject to the review and control of 
        the Commission. Any findings and determinations made by such a 
        panel shall not be considered the findings and determinations 
        of the Commission unless approved by the Commission.
    (e) Compensation and Staff.--
            (1) Pay.--Each member of the Commission shall be paid at a 
        rate equal to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic 
        pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under 
        section 5316 of title 5, United States Code, for each day 
        (including travel time) during which the member is engaged in 
        the performance of the duties of the Commission. All members of 
        the Commission who are officers or employees of the United 
        States shall serve without pay in addition to that received for 
        their services as officers or employees of the United States.
            (2) Travel expenses.--The members of the Commission shall 
        be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of 
        subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies 
        under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States 
        Code, while away from their homes or regular places of business 
        in the performance of services for the Commission.
            (3) Executive director.--The Commission shall appoint and 
        fix the rate of basic pay for an Executive Director in 
        accordance with section 3161 of title 5, United States Code.
            (4) Staff.--The Executive Director, with the approval of 
        the Commission, may appoint and fix the rate of basic pay for 
        additional personnel as staff of the Commission in accordance 
        with section 3161 of title 5, United States Code.
            (5) Detail of government employees.--Upon request of the 
        chairman of the Commission, the head of any Federal department 
        or agency may detail, on a nonreimbursable basis, any personnel 
        of that department or agency to the Commission to assist it in 
        carrying out its duties.
    (f) Powers.--
            (1) Hearings.--For the purpose of carrying out this Act, 
        the Commission (or on the authority of the Commission, any 
        subcommittee or member) may hold such hearings and forums, and 
        sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, 
        receive such evidence, and administer such oaths as the 
        Commission considers appropriate. The Commission shall hold not 
        less than one hearing in each State, the District of Columbia, 
        Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and American 
        Samoa.
            (2) Information from federal agencies.--The Commission, or 
        designated staff member, may secure directly from any 
        department or agency of the United States information necessary 
        to enable it to carry out this Act. Upon request of the 
        chairman of the Commission, the chairman of any subcommittee 
        created by a majority of the Commission, or any member 
        designated by a majority of the Commission, the head of that 
        department or agency shall furnish that information to the 
        Commission.
            (3) Miscellaneous administrative and support services.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall furnish the Commission, on a 
        reimbursable basis, any administrative and support services 
        requested by the Commission.
            (4) Procurement of temporary and intermittent services.--
        The chairman of the Commission may procure temporary and 
        intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United 
        States Code, at rates for individuals which do not exceed the 
        daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay payable for 
        level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of such 
        title.
            (5) Gifts.--The Commission may accept, use, and dispose of 
        gifts, bequests, or devises of services or property, both real 
        and personal, for the purpose of aiding or facilitating the 
        work of the Commission. Gifts, bequests, or devises of money 
        and proceeds from sales of other property received as gifts, 
        bequests, or devises shall be deposited in the Treasury and 
        shall be available for disbursement upon order of the chairman, 
        vice chairman, or designee.
    (g) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        initial meeting of the Commission, the Commission shall submit 
        to the President, the Secretary of Defense, and the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives, and release to the public, a report setting 
        forth--
                    (A) a strategic plan for the work of the 
                Commission;
                    (B) a discussion of the activities of the 
                Commission; and
                    (C) any initial findings of the Commission.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 18 months after the 
        initial meeting of the Commission, the Commission shall submit 
        to the President, the Secretary of Defense, and the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives, and release to the public, a final report. 
        Such report shall include any recommendations developed under 
        subsection (b)(3) that the Commission determines appropriate, 
        including any recommended legislation, policies, regulations, 
        directives, and practices.
    (h) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate 90 days after the 
date on which the final report is submitted under subsection (g)(2).

SEC. 595. ELECTRONIC TRACKING OF CERTAIN RESERVE DUTY.

    The Secretary of Defense shall establish an electronic means by 
which members of the Ready Reserve of the Armed Forces can track their 
operational active-duty service performed after January 28, 2008, under 
section 12301(a), 12301(d), 12301(g), 12302, or 12304 of title 10, 
United States Code. The tour calculator shall specify early retirement 
credit authorized for each qualifying tour of active duty, as well as 
cumulative early reserve retirement credit authorized to date under 
section 12731(f) of such title.

SEC. 596. MILITARY SALUTE DURING RECITATION OF PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE BY 
              MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES NOT IN UNIFORM AND BY 
              VETERANS.

    Section 4 of title 4, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new sentence: ``Members of the Armed Forces not 
in uniform and veterans may render the military salute in the manner 
provided for persons in uniform.''.

SEC. 597. PROVISION OF SERVICE RECORDS.

    (a) In General.--In accordance with subsection (b), the Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, 
shall make the covered records of each member of the Armed Forces 
available to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs in an electronic format.
    (b) Timeline.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
covered records of members are made available to the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs as follows:
            (1) With respect to a member of the Armed Forces who was 
        discharged or released from the Armed Forces during the period 
        beginning on September 11, 2001, and ending on the day before 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, not later than 120 days 
        after the date of such discharge or release.
            (2) With respect to a member of the Armed Forces who is 
        discharged or released from the Armed Forces on or after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, not later than 90 days after 
        the date of such discharge or release.
    (c) Certification.--For each member of the Armed Forces whose 
covered records are made available under subsection (a), the Secretary 
of Defense shall transmit to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs a letter 
certifying that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense thoroughly reviewed the 
        records of the member;
            (2) the information provided in the covered records of such 
        member is complete as of the date of the letter;
            (3) no other information that should be included in such 
        covered records exist as of such date; and
            (4) if other information is later discovered--
                    (A) such other information will be added to such 
                covered records; and
                    (B) the Secretary of Defense will notify the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs of such addition.
    (d) Sharing of Protected Health Information.--For purposes of the 
regulations promulgated under section 264(c) of the Health Insurance 
Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 1320d-2 note), 
making medical records available to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
under subsection (a) shall be treated as a permitted disclosure.
    (e) Currently Available Records.--The Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall ensure 
that the covered records of members of the Armed Forces that are 
available to the Secretary as of the date of the enactment of this Act 
are made electronically accessible and available in real-time to the 
Veterans Benefits Administration.
    (f) Covered Records Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
records'' means, with respect to a member of the Armed Forces--
            (1) service treatment records;
            (2) accompanying personal records;
            (3) relevant unit records; and
            (4) medical records created by reason of treatment or 
        services received pursuant to chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 598. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE RECOVERY OF THE REMAINS OF 
              CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES KILLED IN THURSTON 
              ISLAND, ANTARCTICA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Commencing August 26, 1946, though late February 1947 
        the United States Navy Antarctic Developments Program Task 
        Force 68, codenamed ``Operation Highjump'' initiated and 
        undertook the largest ever-to-this-date exploration of the 
        Antarctic continent.
            (2) The primary mission of the Task Force 68 organized by 
        Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd Jr. USN, (Ret) and led by Rear 
        Admiral Richard H. Cruzen, USN, was to do the following:
                    (A) Establish the Antarctic research base Little 
                America IV.
                    (B) In the defense of the United States of America 
                from possible hostile aggression from abroad--to train 
                personnel test equipment, develop techniques for 
                establishing, maintaining and utilizing air bases on 
                ice, with applicability comparable to interior 
                Greenland, where conditions are similar to those of the 
                Antarctic.
                    (C) Map and photograph a full two-thirds of the 
                Antarctic Continent during the classified, hazardous 
                duty/volunteer-only operation involving 4700 sailors, 
                23 aircraft and 13 ships including the first submarine 
                the U.S.S. Sennet, and the aircraft carrier the U.S.S. 
                Philippine Sea, brought to the edge of the ice pack to 
                launch (6) Navy ski-equipped, rocket-assisted R4Ds.
                    (D) Consolidate and extend United States 
                sovereignty over the largest practicable area of the 
                Antarctic continent.
                    (E) Determine the feasibility of establishing, 
                maintaining and utilizing bases in the Antarctic and 
                investigating possible base sites.
            (3) While on a hazardous duty/all volunteer mission vital 
        to the interests of National Security and while over the 
        eastern Antarctica coastline known as the Phantom Coast, the 
        PBM-5 Martin Mariner ``Flying Boat'' ``George 1'' entered a 
        whiteout over Thurston Island. As the pilot attempted to climb, 
        the aircraft grazed the glacier's ridgeline and exploded within 
        5 seconds instantly killing Ensign Maxwell Lopez, Navigator and 
        Wendell ``Bud'' Hendersin, Aviation Machinists Mate 1st Class 
        while Frederick Williams, Aviation Radioman 1st Class died 
        several hours later. Six other crewmen survived including the 
        Captain of the ``George 1's'' seaplane tender U.S.S. Pine 
        Island.
            (4) The bodies of the dead were protected from the 
        desecration of Antarctic scavenging birds (Skuas) by the 
        surviving crew wrapping the bodies and temporarily burying the 
        men under the starboard wing engine nacelle.
            (5) Rescue requirements of the ``George-1'' survivors 
        forced the abandonment of their crewmates' bodies.
            (6) Conditions prior to the departure of Task Force 68 
        precluded a return to the area to the recover the bodies.
            (7) For nearly 60 years Navy promised the families that 
        they would recover the men: ``If the safety, logistical, and 
        operational prerequisites allow a mission in the future, every 
        effort will be made to bring our sailors home.''.
            (8) The Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command twice offered to 
        recover the bodies of this crew for Navy.
            (9) A 2004 NASA ground penetrating radar overflight 
        commissioned by Navy relocated the crash site three miles from 
        its crash position.
            (10) The Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command offered to 
        underwrite the cost of an aerial ground penetrating radar (GPR) 
        survey of the crash site area by NASA.
            (11) The Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command studied the 
        recovery with the recognized recovery authorities and national 
        scientists and determined that the recovery is only ``medium 
        risk''.
            (12) National Science Foundation and scientists from the 
        University of Texas, Austin, regularly visit the island.
            (13) The crash site is classified as a ``perishable site'', 
        meaning a glacier that will calve into the Bellingshausen Sea.
            (14) The National Science Foundation maintains a presence 
        in area--of the Pine Island Glacier.
            (15) The National Science Foundation Director of Polar 
        Operations will assist and provide assets for the recovery upon 
        the request of Congress.
            (16) The United States Coast Guard is presently pursuing 
        the recovery of 3 WWII air crewmen from similar circumstances 
        in Greenland.
            (17) On Memorial Day, May 25, 2009, President Barack Obama 
        declared: ``* * * the support of our veterans is a sacred trust 
        * * * we need to serve them as they have served us * * * that 
        means bringing home all our POWs and MIAs * * *''.
            (18) The policies and laws of the United States of America 
        require that our armed service personnel be repatriated.
            (19) The fullest possible accounting of United States 
        fallen military personnel means repatriating living American 
        POWs and MIAs, accounting for, identifying, and recovering the 
        remains of military personnel who were killed in the line of 
        duty, or providing convincing evidence as to why such a 
        repatriation, accounting, identification, or recovery is not 
        possible.
            (20) It is the responsibility of the Federal Government to 
        return to the United States for proper burial and respect all 
        members of the Armed Forces killed in the line of duty who lie 
        in lost graves.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--In light of the findings under subsection 
(a), Congress--
            (1) reaffirms its support for the recovery and return to 
        the United States, the remains and bodies of all members of the 
        Armed Forces killed in the line of duty, and for the efforts by 
        the Joint POW-MIA Accounting Command to recover the remains of 
        members of the Armed Forces from all wars, conflicts and 
        missions;
            (2) recognizes the courage and sacrifice of all members of 
        the Armed Forces who participated in Operation Highjump and all 
        missions vital to the national security of the United States of 
        America;
            (3) acknowledges the dedicated research and efforts by the 
        US Geological Survey, the National Science Foundation, the 
        Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, the Fallen American Veterans 
        Foundation and all persons and organizations to identify, 
        locate, and advocate for, from their temporary Antarctic grave, 
        the recovery of the well-preserved frozen bodies of Ensign 
        Maxwell Lopez, Naval Aviator, Frederick Williams, Aviation 
        Machinist's Mate 1ST Class, Wendell Hendersin, Aviation 
        Radioman 1ST Class of the ``George 1'' explosion and crash; and
            (4) encourages the Department of Defense to review the 
        facts, research and to pursue new efforts to undertake all 
        feasible efforts to recover, identify, and return the well-
        preserved frozen bodies of the ``George 1'' crew from 
        Antarctica's Thurston Island.

SEC. 599. GIFTS MADE FOR THE BENEFIT OF MILITARY MUSICAL UNITS.

    Section 974 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Performances Funded by Private Donation.--Notwithstanding 
section 2601(c) of this title, any gift made to the Secretary of 
Defense under section 2601 on the condition that such gift be used for 
the benefit of a military musical unit shall be credited to the 
appropriation or account providing the funds for such military musical 
unit. Any amount so credited shall be merged with amounts in the 
appropriation or account to which credited, and shall be available for 
the same purposes, and subject to the same conditions and limitations, 
as amounts in such appropriation or account.''.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN RATES 
              OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN 
              CIRCUMSTANCES.

    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2013'' and inserting ``December 31, 2014''.

SEC. 602. RECOGNITION OF ADDITIONAL MEANS BY WHICH MEMBERS OF THE 
              NATIONAL GUARD CALLED INTO FEDERAL SERVICE FOR A PERIOD 
              OF 30 DAYS OR LESS MAY INITIALLY REPORT FOR DUTY FOR 
              ENTITLEMENT TO BASIC PAY.

    Section 204(c) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``date when he 
        appears at the place of company rendezvous'' and inserting 
        ``date on which the member, in person or by authorized 
        telephonic or electronic means, contacts the member's unit''; 
        and
            (2) by striking the second sentence and inserting the 
        following new sentence: ``However, this subsection does not 
        authorize any expenditure before the member makes authorized 
        contact that is not authorized by law to be paid after such 
        authorized contact.''.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2013'' and inserting ``December 31, 2014'':
            (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
        reenlistment bonus.
            (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
        affiliation or enlistment bonus.
            (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
        members assigned to certain high-priority units.
            (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve 
        enlistment bonus for persons without prior service.
            (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
        and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
            (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve 
        enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior 
        service.
            (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
        expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
        distance.
            (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments 
        for reserve component members experiencing extended and 
        frequent mobilization for active duty service.

SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2013'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2014'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2013'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2014'':
            (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
        bonuses for psychologists.
            (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        registered nurses.
            (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay 
        for nurse anesthetists.
            (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
        Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
        specialties.
            (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        dental officers.
            (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for 
        pharmacy officers.
            (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for 
        medical officers in critically short wartime specialties.
            (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
        specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.

SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
              NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2013'' and inserting ``December 31, 2014'':
            (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
        qualified officers extending period of active service.
            (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
        bonus.
            (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
        incentive bonus.

SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
              CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS 
              AUTHORITIES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2013'' and inserting ``December 31, 2014'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for nuclear officers.
            (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.

SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
              OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2013'' and inserting ``December 31, 2014'':
            (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
        bonus.
            (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
            (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for 
        active members.
            (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
            (5) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
        officers in critical skills.
            (6) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
        conversion to military occupational specialty to ease personnel 
        shortage.
            (7) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for 
        transfer between armed forces.
            (8) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
        candidates.

SEC. 616. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE INCENTIVE PAY FOR 
              MEMBERS OF PRECOMMISSIONING PROGRAMS PURSUING FOREIGN 
              LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY.

    Section 316a(g) of title 37, United States Code is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2013'' and inserting ``December 31, 2014''.

SEC. 617. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE BONUS TO CERTAIN CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN 
              ENROLLED IN THE SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) Bonus Authorized.--Chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 335 the following new section:
``Sec. 336. Contracting bonus for cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the 
              Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps
    ``(a) Contracting Bonus Authorized.--The Secretary concerned may 
pay a bonus under this section to a cadet or midshipman enrolled in the 
Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps who executes a written 
agreement described in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Amount of Bonus.--The amount of a bonus under subsection (a) 
may not exceed $5,000.
    ``(c) Agreement.--A written agreement referred to in subsection (a) 
is a written agreement by the cadet or midshipman--
            ``(1) to complete field training or a practice cruise under 
        section 2104(b)(6)(A)(ii) of title 10;
            ``(2) to complete advanced training under chapter 103 of 
        title 10;
            ``(3) to accept a commission or appointment as an officer 
        of the armed forces; and
            ``(4) to serve on active duty.
    ``(d) Payment Method.--Upon acceptance of a written agreement under 
subsection (a) by the Secretary concerned, the total amount of the 
bonus payable under the agreement becomes fixed. The agreement shall 
specify when the bonus will be paid and whether the bonus will be paid 
in a lump sum or in installments.
    ``(e) Repayment.--A person who, having received all or part of a 
bonus under subsection (a), fails to fulfill the terms of the written 
agreement required by such subsection for receipt of the bonus shall be 
subject to the repayment provisions of section 373 of this title.
    ``(f) Regulations.--The Secretary concerned shall issue such 
regulations as may be necessary to carry out this section.
    ``(g) Termination of Authority.--No agreement under this section 
may be entered into after December 31, 2015.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
335 the following new item:

``336. Contracting bonus for cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the 
                            Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.''.

    Subtitle C--Disability, Retired Pay, Survivor, and Transitional 
                                Benefits

SEC. 621. TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION AND OTHER BENEFITS FOR DEPENDENTS 
              OF CERTAIN MEMBERS SEPARATED FOR VIOLATION OF THE UNIFORM 
              CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1059 the following new section:
``Sec. 1059a. Dependents of certain members separated for Uniform Code 
              of Military Justice offenses: transitional compensation; 
              commissary and exchange benefits
    ``(a) Authority To Pay Compensation.--The Secretary of Defense, 
with respect to the armed forces (other than the Coast Guard when it is 
not operating as a service in the Navy), and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a 
service in the Navy, may each establish a program under which the 
Secretary may pay monthly transitional compensation in accordance with 
this section to dependents or former dependents of a member of the 
armed forces described in subsection (b) who is under the jurisdiction 
of the Secretary.
    ``(b) Members and Punitive Actions Covered.--This section applies 
in the case of a member of the armed forces who, after completing more 
than 20 years of active service or more than 20 years of service 
computed under section 12732 of this title--
            ``(1) is convicted by court-martial of an offense under 
        chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice);
            ``(2) is separated from active duty pursuant to the 
        sentence of the court-martial; and
            ``(3) forfeits all pay and allowances pursuant to the 
        sentence of the court-martial.
    ``(c) Recipient of Payments.--(1) In the case of a member of the 
armed forces described in subsection (b), the Secretary may pay 
compensation under this section to dependents or former dependents of 
the member as follows:
            ``(A) If the member was married at the time of the 
        commission of the offense resulting in separation from the 
        armed forces, such compensation may be paid to the spouse or 
        former spouse to whom the member was married at that time, 
        including an amount for each, if any, dependent child of the 
        member who resides in the same household as that spouse or 
        former spouse.
            ``(B) If there is a spouse or former spouse who is or, but 
        for subsection (d)(2), would be eligible for compensation under 
        this section and if there is a dependent child of the member 
        who does not reside in the same household as that spouse or 
        former spouse, compensation under this section may be paid to 
        each such dependent child of the member who does not reside in 
        that household.
            ``(C) If there is no spouse or former spouse who is or, but 
        for subsection (d)(2), would be eligible under this section, 
        compensation under this section may be paid to the dependent 
        children of the member.
    ``(2) A dependent or former dependent of a member described in 
subsection (b) is not eligible for transitional compensation under this 
section if the Secretary concerned determines (under regulations 
prescribed under subsection (g)) that the dependent or former dependent 
was an active participant in the conduct constituting the offense under 
chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for 
which the member was convicted and separated from the armed forces.
    ``(d) Commencement and Duration of Payment.--(1) If provided under 
this section, the payment of transitional compensation under this 
section shall commence--
                    ``(A) as of the date the court-martial sentence is 
                adjudged if the sentence, as adjudged, includes--
                            ``(i) a dismissal, dishonorable discharge, 
                        or bad conduct discharge; and
                            ``(ii) forfeiture of all pay and 
                        allowances; or
                    ``(B) if there is a pretrial agreement that 
                provides for disapproval or suspension of the 
                dismissal, dishonorable discharge, bad conduct 
                discharge, or forfeiture of all pay and allowances, as 
                of the date of the approval of the court-martial 
                sentence by the person acting under section 860(c) of 
                this title (article 60(c) of the Uniform Code of 
                Military Justice) if the sentence, as approved, 
                includes--
                            ``(i) an unsuspended dismissal, 
                        dishonorable discharge, or bad conduct 
                        discharge; and
                            ``(ii) forfeiture of all pay and 
                        allowances.
    ``(2) Paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (e), paragraphs (1) and 
(2) of subsection (g), and subsections (f) and (h) of section 1059 of 
this title shall apply in determining--
            ``(A) the amount of transitional compensation to be paid 
        under this section;
            ``(B) the period for which such compensation may be paid; 
        and
            ``(C) the circumstances under which the payment of such 
        compensation may or will cease.
    ``(e) Commissary and Exchange Benefits.--A dependent or former 
dependent who receives transitional compensation under this section 
shall, while receiving such payments, be entitled to use commissary and 
exchange stores in the same manner as provided in subsection (j) of 
section 1059 of this title.
    ``(f) Coordination of Benefits.--The Secretary concerned may not 
make payments to a spouse or former spouse under both this section and 
section 1059 or 1408(h)(1) of this title. In the case of a spouse or 
former spouse for whom a court order provides for payments by the 
Secretary pursuant to section 1408(h)(1) of this title and to whom the 
Secretary offers payments under this section or section 1059, the 
spouse or former spouse shall elect which payments to receive.
    ``(g) Regulations.--If the Secretary of Defense (or the Secretary 
of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not 
operating as a service in the Navy) establishes a program to provide 
transitional compensation under this section, that Secretary shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out the program.
    ``(h) Dependent Child Defined.--In this section, the term 
`dependent child', with respect to a member or former member of the 
armed forces referred to in subsection (b), has the meaning given such 
term in subsection (l) of section 1059 of this title, except that 
status as a `dependent child' shall be determined as of the date on 
which the member described in subsection (b) is convicted of the 
offense concerned.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 53 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 1059 the following new item:

``1059a. Dependents of certain members separated for Uniform Code of 
                            Military Justice offenses: transitional 
                            compensation; commissary and exchange 
                            benefits.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (i) of section 1059 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Coordination of Benefits.--The Secretary concerned may not 
make payments to a spouse or former spouse under both this section and 
section 1059a or 1408(h)(1) of this title. In the case of a spouse or 
former spouse for whom a court order provides for payments by the 
Secretary pursuant to section 1408(h)(1) of this title and to whom the 
Secretary offers payments under this section or section 1059a, the 
spouse or former spouse shall elect which payments to receive.''.

SEC. 622. PREVENTION OF RETIRED PAY INVERSION FOR MEMBERS WHOSE RETIRED 
              PAY IS COMPUTED USING HIGH-THREE AVERAGE.

    (a) Clarification of Rule for Members Who Became Members on or 
After September 8, 1980.--Section 1401a(f)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the monthly retired pay of a member or a former member of 
        an armed force'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Members with retired pay computed using final 
                basic pay.--The monthly retired pay of a member or 
                former member of an armed force who first became a 
                member of a uniformed service before September 8, 1980, 
                and''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Members with retired pay computed using high-
                three.--Subject to subsections (d) and (e), the monthly 
                retired pay of a member or former member of an armed 
                force who first became a member of a uniformed service 
                on or after September 8, 1980, may not be less, on the 
                date on which the member or former member initially 
                becomes entitled to such pay, than the monthly retired 
                pay to which the member or former member would be 
                entitled on that date if the member or former member 
                had become entitled to retired pay on an earlier date, 
                adjusted to reflect any applicable increases in such 
                pay under this section. However, in the case of a 
                member or former member whose retired pay is computed 
                subject to section 1407(f) of this title, subparagraph 
                (A) (rather than the preceding sentence) shall apply in 
                the same manner as if the member or former member first 
                became a member of a uniformed service before September 
                8, 1980, but only with respect to a calculation as of 
                the date on which the member or former member first 
                became entitled to retired pay.''.
    (b) Applicability.--Subparagraph (B) of section 1401a(f)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a)(2), applies to 
the computation of retired pay or retainer pay of any member or former 
member of an Armed Force who first became a member of a uniformed 
service on or after September 8, 1980, regardless of the date on which 
the member first becomes entitled to retired or retainer pay.

    Subtitle D--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

SEC. 631. EXPANSION OF PROTECTION OF EMPLOYEES OF NONAPPROPRIATED FUND 
              INSTRUMENTALITIES FROM REPRISALS.

    Section 1587(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``take or fail to take'' and inserting ``take, threaten to 
take, or fail to take''.

SEC. 632. PURCHASE OF SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTS, LOCAL FOOD PRODUCTS, AND 
              RECYCLABLE MATERIALS FOR RESALE IN COMMISSARY AND 
              EXCHANGE STORE SYSTEMS.

    (a) Improved Purchasing Efforts.--Section 2481(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The governing body established pursuant to paragraph (2) 
shall endeavor to increase the purchase for resale at commissary stores 
and exchange stores of sustainable products, local food products, and 
recyclable materials.
    ``(B) As part of its efforts under subparagraph (A), the governing 
body shall develop--
            ``(i) guidelines for the identification of fresh meat, 
        poultry, seafood, and fish, fresh produce, and other products 
        raised or produced through sustainable methods; and
            ``(ii) goals, applicable to all commissary stores and 
        exchange stores world-wide, to maximize, to the maximum extent 
        practical, the purchase of sustainable products, local food 
        products, and recyclable materials by September 30, 2018.''.
    (b) Deadline for Establishment and Guidelines.--The initial 
guidelines required by paragraph (3)(B)(i) of section 2481(c) of title 
10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall be issued not 
later than two years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 633. CORRECTION OF OBSOLETE REFERENCES TO CERTAIN NONAPPROPRIATED 
              FUND INSTRUMENTALITIES.

    Section 2105(c) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Army and Air Force Motion Picture Service, Navy Ship's 
Stores Ashore'' and inserting ``Navy Ships Stores Program''.

SEC. 634. EXCHANGE STORE SYSTEM PARTICIPATION IN THE ACCORD ON FIRE AND 
              BUILDING SAFETY IN BANGLADESH.

    (a) Special Procurement Guidance for Garments Manufactured in 
Bangladesh.--The senior official of the Department of Defense 
designated pursuant to section 2481(c) to oversee the defense 
commissary system and the exchange store system shall require, 
consistent with applicable international agreements, that the exchange 
store system--
            (1) for the purchase of garments manufactured in Bangladesh 
        for the private label brands of the exchange store system, 
        becomes a signatory of or otherwise complies with applicable 
        requirements set forth in the Accord on Fire and Building 
        Safety in Bangladesh;
            (2) for the purchase of licensed apparel manufactured in 
        Bangladesh, gives a preference to licensees that are 
        signatories to the Accord on Fire and Building Safety in 
        Bangladesh; and
            (3) for the purchase of garments manufactured in Bangladesh 
        from retail suppliers, gives a preference to retail suppliers 
        that are signatories to the Accord on Fire and Building Safety 
        in Bangladesh.
    (b) Notice of Exceptions.--If any garments manufactured in 
Bangladesh are purchased from suppliers that are not signatories to the 
Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh, the Department of 
Defense official referred to in subsection (a) shall notify Congress of 
the purchase and the reasons therefor.
    (c) Effective Date.--The requirements imposed by this section shall 
take effect 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act or as 
soon after that date as the Secretary of Defense determines to be 
practicable so as to avoid disruption in garment supplies for the 
exchange store system.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 641. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE CERTAIN EXPENSES FOR CARE AND 
              DISPOSITION OF HUMAN REMAINS RETAINED BY THE DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE FOR FORENSIC PATHOLOGY INVESTIGATION.

    (a) Disposition of Remains of Persons Whose Death Is Investigated 
by the Armed Forces Medical Examiner.--
            (1) Covered decedents.--Section 1481(a) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(10) To the extent authorized under section 1482(g) of 
        this title, any person not otherwise covered by the preceding 
        paragraphs whose remains (or partial remains) have been 
        retained by the Secretary concerned for purposes of a forensic 
        pathology investigation by the Armed Forces Medical Examiner 
        under section 1471 of this title.''.
            (2) Authorized expenses relating to care and disposition of 
        remains.--Section 1482 of such title is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) The payment of expenses incident to the recovery, care, 
and disposition of the remains of a decedent covered by section 
1481(a)(10) of this title is limited to those expenses that, as 
determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
would not have been incurred but for the retention of those remains for 
purposes of a forensic pathology investigation by the Armed Forces 
Medical Examiner under section 1471 of this title. The Secretary 
concerned shall pay all other expenses authorized to be paid under this 
section only on a reimbursable basis. Amounts reimbursed to the 
Secretary concerned under this subsection shall be credited to 
appropriations available at the time of reimbursement for the payment 
of such expenses.
    ``(2) In a case covered by paragraph (1), if the person designated 
under subsection (c) to direct disposition of the remains of a decedent 
does not direct disposition of the remains that were retained for the 
forensic pathology investigation, the Secretary may pay for the 
transportation of those remains to, and interment or inurnment of those 
remains in, an appropriate place selected by the Secretary, in lieu of 
the transportation authorized to be paid under subsection (a)(8).
    ``(3) In a case covered by paragraph (1), expenses that may be paid 
do not include expenses with respect to an escort under subsection 
(a)(8), whether or not on a reimbursable basis.''.
    (b) Clarification of Coverage of Inurnment.--Section 1482(a)(9) of 
such title is amended by inserting ``or inurnment'' after 
``Interment''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Section 1482(f) of such title is amended 
in the third sentence by striking ``this subsection'' and inserting 
``this section''.

SEC. 642. PROVISION OF STATUS UNDER LAW BY HONORING CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
              THE RESERVE COMPONENTS AS VETERANS.

    (a) Veteran Status.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 1 of title 38, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 107 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 107A. Honoring as veterans certain persons who performed service 
              in the reserve components
    ``Any person who is entitled under chapter 1223 of title 10 to 
retired pay for nonregular service or, but for age, would be entitled 
under such chapter to retired pay for nonregular service shall be 
honored as a veteran but shall not be entitled to any benefit by reason 
of this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 107 the following new item:

``107A. Honoring as veterans certain persons who performed service in 
                            the reserve components.''.
    (b) Clarification Regarding Benefits.--No person may receive any 
benefit under the laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs solely by reason of section 107A of title 38, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a).

SEC. 643. SURVEY OF MILITARY PAY AND BENEFITS PREFERENCES.

    (a) Survey Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
anonymous survey of random members of the Armed Forces regarding 
military pay and benefits.
    (b) Content of Survey.--A survey under this section shall be 
conducted for the purpose of soliciting information on the following:
            (1) The value that members of the Armed Forces place on the 
        following forms of compensation relative to one another:
                    (A) Basic pay.
                    (B) Allowances for housing and subsistence.
                    (C) Bonuses and special pays.
                    (D) Dependent healthcare benefits.
                    (E) Healthcare benefits for retirees under 65 years 
                old.
                    (F) Healthcare benefits for Medicare-eligible 
                retirees.
                    (G) Retirement pay.
            (2) How the members value different levels of pay or 
        benefits, including the impact of co-payments or deductibles on 
        the value of benefits.
            (3) Any other issues related to military pay and benefits 
        as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
            (4) How information collected pursuant to a previous 
        paragraph varies by age, rank, dependent status, and other 
        factors the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate.
    (c) Submission of Results.--Upon the completion of a survey 
conducted under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress and make publicly available a report containing the results of 
the survey, including both the analyses and the raw data collected.

SEC. 644. TRANSPORTATION ON MILITARY AIRCRAFT ON A SPACE-AVAILABLE 
              BASIS FOR DISABLED VETERANS WITH A SERVICE-CONNECTED, 
              PERMANENT DISABILITY RATED AS TOTAL.

    (a) Availability of Transportation.--Section 2641b of title 10, 
United States Code, as amended by section 622 of National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):
    ``(f) Special Priority for Certain Disabled Veterans.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense shall provide, at no additional cost to the 
Department of Defense and with no aircraft modification, transportation 
on scheduled and unscheduled military flights within the continental 
United States and on scheduled overseas flights operated by the Air 
Mobility Command on a space-available basis for any veteran with a 
service-connected, permanent disability rated as total.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding subsection (d)(1), in establishing space-
available transportation priorities under the travel program, the 
Secretary shall provide transportation under paragraph (1) on the same 
basis as such transportation is provided to members of the armed forces 
entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(3) The requirement to provide transportation on Department of 
Defense aircraft on a space-available basis on the priority basis 
described in paragraph (2) to veterans covered by this subsection 
applies whether or not the travel program is established under this 
section.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the terms `veteran' and `service-
connected' have the meanings given those terms in section 101 of title 
38.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (f) of section 2641b of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall take effect at 
the end of the 90-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

              Subtitle A--Improvements to Health Benefits

SEC. 701. MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1074m of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (B) and (C) as 
                subparagraph (C) and (D), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                    ``(B) Once during each 180-day period during which 
                a member is deployed.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (i) the following:
                            ``(ii) by personnel in deployed units whose 
                        responsibilities include providing unit health 
                        care services if such personnel are available 
                        and the use of such personnel for the 
                        assessments would not impair the capacity of 
                        such personnel to perform higher priority 
                        tasks; and''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1074m(a)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``subparagraph (B) and (C)'' and 
inserting ``subparagraph (C) and (D)''.

SEC. 702. PERIODIC MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1074m the following new section:
``Sec. 1074n. Periodic mental health assessments for members of the 
              armed forces
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide periodic, 
person-to-person mental health assessments to each member of the armed 
forces serving on active duty.
    ``(b) Frequency.--The Secretary shall determine the frequency of 
the mental health assessments provided under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Elements.--(1) The mental health assessments provided under 
subsection (a) shall meet the requirements for mental health 
assessments as described in section 1074m(c)(1) of this title.
    ``(2) The Secretary may treat health assessments and other person-
to-person assessments that are provided to members of the armed forces, 
including examinations under sections 1074f and 1074m of this title, as 
meeting the requirements for mental health assessments required under 
subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that such assessments and 
person-to-person assessments meet the requirements for mental health 
assessments established by this section.
    ``(d) Sharing of Information.--Section 1074m(e) of this title, 
regarding the sharing of information with the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs, shall apply to mental health assessments provided under 
subsection (a).
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the other administering Secretaries, shall prescribe regulations for 
the administration of this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1074m the following new item:

``1074n. Periodic mental health assessments for members of the armed 
                            forces.''.

SEC. 703. BEHAVIORAL HEALTH TREATMENT OF DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES 
              UNDER TRICARE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1077 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) Subject to paragraph (3)(A), in providing health care 
under subsection (a), the treatment of developmental disabilities (as 
defined by section 102(8) of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance 
and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 15002(8))), including autism 
spectrum disorder, shall include behavioral health treatment, including 
applied behavior analysis, when prescribed by a physician.
    ``(2) In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall ensure 
that--
            ``(A) except as provided by subparagraph (B), a person who 
        is authorized to provide behavioral health treatment is 
        licensed or certified by a State or accredited national 
        certification board; and
            ``(B) applied behavior analysis or other behavioral health 
        treatment may be provided by an employee, contractor, or 
        trainee of a person described in subparagraph (A) if the 
        employee, contractor, or trainee meets minimum qualifications, 
        training, and supervision requirements as set forth by the 
        Secretary.
    ``(3)(A) This subsection shall not apply to--
            ``(i) a medicare eligible beneficiary (as defined in 
        section 1111(b) of this title); or
            ``(ii) a covered beneficiary who is a beneficiary by reason 
        of being a retired member of the Coast Guard, the Commissioned 
        Corp of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or 
        the Commissioned Corp of the Public Health Service, or by being 
        a dependent of such a retired member.
    ``(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (A), nothing in this 
subsection shall be construed as limiting or otherwise affecting the 
benefits otherwise provided to a covered beneficiary under--
            ``(i) this chapter;
            ``(ii) title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
        1395 et seq.); or
            ``(iii) any other law.''.
    (b) Funding.--
            (1) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 1406 for the Defense Health Program, as 
        specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4501, 
        for Private Sector Care is hereby increased by $60,000,000.
            (2) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 4301 for operation and maintenance, as 
        specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, 
        for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Line 280) is hereby 
        reduced by $60,000,000.

SEC. 704. EXTENSION OF TRANSITIONAL ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Telemedicine.--In carrying out the Transitional Assistance 
Management Program, the Secretary of Defense shall extend the coverage 
of such program to individuals by an additional 180 days for treatment 
provided through telemedicine.
    (b) Mental Health Care and Behavioral Services.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall extend the coverage of 
        the Transitional Assistance Management Program for covered 
        treatment to covered individuals for a period determined 
        necessary by a health care professional treating the covered 
        individual.
            (2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``covered individual'' means an 
                individual who--
                            (i) during the initial 180-day period of 
                        being enrolled in the Transitional Assistance 
                        Management Program, received any mental health 
                        care treatment or covered treatment; or
                            (ii) during the one-year period preceding 
                        separation or discharge from the Armed Forces, 
                        received any mental health care treatment.
                    (B) The term ``covered treatment'' means behavioral 
                services provided through telemedicine.
            (3) Sunset.--The authority of the Secretary to carry out 
        paragraph (1) shall terminate on December 31, 2018, if the 
        Secretary determines that by that date the suicide rates for 
        both members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty and for 
        members of a reserve component are 50 percent less than such 
        rates as of December 31, 2012.
    (c) Telemedicine Defined.--In this section, the term 
``telemedicine'' means the use by a health care provider of 
telecommunications to assist in the diagnosis or treatment of a 
patient's medical condition, including for behavioral services.

SEC. 705. COMPREHENSIVE POLICY ON IMPROVEMENTS TO CARE AND TRANSITION 
              OF SERVICE MEMBERS WITH UROTRAUMA.

    (a) Comprehensive Policy Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2014, the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
        shall jointly develop and implement a comprehensive policy on 
        improvements to the care, management, and transition of 
        recovering service members with urotrauma.
            (2) Scope of policy.--The policy shall cover each of the 
        following:
                    (A) The care and management of the specific needs 
                of service members who are urotrauma patients, 
                including eligibility for the Recovery Care Coordinator 
                Program pursuant to the Wounded Warrior Act (10 U.S.C. 
                1071 note).
                    (B) The return of service members who have 
                recovered to active duty when appropriate.
                    (C) The transition of recovering service members 
                from receipt of care and services through the 
                Department of Defense to receipt of care and services 
                through the Department of Veterans Affairs.
            (3) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall develop the policy in 
        consultation with the heads of other appropriate departments 
        and agencies of the Federal Government, with representatives of 
        military service organizations representing the interests of 
        service members who are urotrauma patients and with appropriate 
        nongovernmental organizations having an expertise in matters 
        relating to the policy.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs shall jointly submit to Congress a report that includes a 
review identifying and options for responding to gaps in the care of 
service members who are urotrauma patients.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. FUTURE AVAILABILITY OF TRICARE PRIME FOR CERTAIN 
              BENEFICIARIES ENROLLED IN TRICARE PRIME.

    Section 732 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1816) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (2) by inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Access to TRICARE Prime.--
            ``(1) One-time election.--Subject to paragraph (3), the 
        Secretary shall ensure that each affected eligible beneficiary 
        who is enrolled in TRICARE Prime as of September 30, 2013, may 
        make a one-time election to continue such enrollment in TRICARE 
        Prime, notwithstanding that a contract described in subsection 
        (a)(2)(A) does not allow for such enrollment based on the 
        location in which such beneficiary resides. The beneficiary may 
        continue such enrollment in TRICARE Prime so long as the 
        beneficiary resides in the same ZIP code as the ZIP Code in 
        which the beneficiary resided at the time of such election.
            ``(2) Enrollment in tricare standard.--If an affected 
        eligible beneficiary makes the one-time election under 
        paragraph (1), the beneficiary may thereafter elect to enroll 
        in TRICARE Standard at any time in accordance with a contract 
        described in subsection (a)(2)(A).
            ``(3) Residence at time of election.--An affected eligible 
        beneficiary may not make the one-time election under paragraph 
        (1) if, at the time of such election, the beneficiary does not 
        reside in a ZIP code that is in a region described in 
        subsection (c)(1)(B).''.

SEC. 712. COOPERATIVE HEALTH CARE AGREEMENTS BETWEEN THE MILITARY 
              DEPARTMENTS AND NON-MILITARY HEALTH CARE ENTITIES.

    Section 713 of the National Defense Authorization Act of 2010 
(Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' 
        and inserting ``Secretary concerned'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary shall'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary concerned shall'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting ``if the 
                Secretary establishing such agreement is the Secretary 
                of Defense'' before the semicolon; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or the 
                military department concerned'' after ``the Department 
                of Defense''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
`Secretary concerned' means--
            ``(1) the Secretary of a military department; or
            ``(2) the Secretary of Defense.''.

SEC. 713. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTEGRATED ELECTRONIC 
              HEALTH RECORD PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for procurement or 
research, development, test, and evaluation for the Department of 
Defense for the integrated electronic health record program, not more 
than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 days 
has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
submits to the congressional defense committees a report detailing an 
analysis of alternatives for the plan of the Secretary to proceed with 
such program.
    (b) Matters Included.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of the key performance requirements for 
        the integrated electronic health record program capability.
            (2) An analysis of alternatives for how to acquire and 
        implement an integrated electronic health record capability 
        that meets such requirements.
            (3) An assessment of the budgetary resources and timeline 
        required for each of the evaluated alternatives.
            (4) A recommendation by the Secretary with respect to the 
        alternative preferred by the Secretary.

SEC. 714. PILOT PROGRAM ON INCREASED THIRD-PARTY COLLECTION 
              REIMBURSEMENTS IN MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
        with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall carry 
        out a pilot program to demonstrate and assess the feasibility 
        of implementing processes described in paragraph (2) to 
        increase the amounts collected under section 1095 of title 10, 
        United States Code, from a third-party payer for charges for 
        health care services incurred by the United States at a 
        military medical treatment facility.
            (2) Processes described.--The processes described in this 
        paragraph are revenue-cycle management processes, including 
        cash-flow management and accounts-receivable processes.
    (b) Requirements.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall--
            (1) identify and analyze the best practice option, 
        including commercial best practices, with respect to the 
        processes described in subsection (a)(2) that are used in 
        nonmilitary health care facilities; and
            (2) conduct a cost-benefit analysis to assess measurable 
        results of the pilot program, including an analysis of--
                    (A) the different processes used in the pilot 
                program;
                    (B) the amount of third-party collections that 
                resulted from such processes;
                    (C) the cost to implement and sustain such 
                processes; and
                    (D) any other factors the Secretary determines 
                appropriate to assess the pilot program.
    (c) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program 
under subsection (a)(1)--
            (1) at military installations that have a military medical 
        treatment facility with inpatient and outpatient capabilities;
            (2) at a number of such installations at different military 
        departments that the Secretary determines sufficient to fully 
        assess the results of the pilot program.
    (d) Duration.--The Secretary shall commence the pilot program under 
subsection (a)(1) by not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and shall carry out such program for three years.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after completing the pilot 
program under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report describing the results of the 
program, including--
            (1) a comparison of--
                    (A) the processes described in subsection (a)(2) 
                that were used in the military medical treatment 
                facilities participating in the program; and
                    (B) the third-party collection processes used by 
                military medical treatment facilities not included in 
                the program;
            (2) a cost analysis of implementing the processes described 
        in subsection (a)(2) for third-party collections at military 
        medical treatment facilities; and
            (3) an assessment of the program, including any 
        recommendations to improve third-party collections.
    (f) Additional Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the methods, as of the 
date of the report, employed by the military departments to collect 
charges from third-party payers incurred at military medical treatment 
facilities, including specific data with respect to the dollar amount 
of third-party collections that resulted from each method currently 
being used throughout the military departments. The Secretary shall 
take into account the results of such report in evaluating the results 
of the pilot program under subsection (a)(1).

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 721. DISPLAY OF BUDGET INFORMATION FOR EMBEDDED MENTAL HEALTH 
              PROVIDERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 236. Embedded mental health providers of the reserve components: 
              display of budget information
    ``The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress, as a part of 
the documentation that supports the President's annual budget for the 
Department of Defense, a budget justification display with respect to 
embedded mental health providers within each reserve component, 
including the amount requested for each such component.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``236. Embedded mental health providers of the reserve components: 
                            display of budget information.''.

SEC. 722. AUTHORITY OF UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES 
              TO ENTER INTO CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS AND MAKE GRANTS TO 
              OTHER NONPROFIT ENTITIES.

    Section 2113(g)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) by inserting ``, or any other nonprofit 
                entity'' after ``Military Medicine''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, or nonprofit entity,'' after 
                ``such Foundation''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (C)--
                    (A) by inserting ``, or any other nonprofit 
                entity,'' after ``Military Medicine''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, or nonprofit entity,'' after 
                ``such foundation''.

SEC. 723. MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORT FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL AND FAMILIES.

    The Secretary of Defense may carry out collaborative programs to--
            (1) respond to the escalating suicide rates and combat 
        stress related arrest rates of members of the Armed Forces;
            (2) train active duty members to recognize and respond to 
        combat stress disorder, suicide risk, substance addiction, 
        risk-taking behaviors, and family violence; and
            (3) determine the effectiveness of the efforts of the 
        Department of Defense in reducing suicide rates of members of 
        the Armed Forces.

SEC. 724. RESEARCH REGARDING HYDROCEPHALUS.

    In conducting the Peer Reviewed Medical Research Program, the 
Secretary of Defense may consider selecting medical research projects 
relating to hydrocephalus.

SEC. 725. TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY RESEARCH.

    The Secretary of Defense shall carry out research, development, 
test, and evaluation activities with respect to traumatic brain injury 
and psychological health, including activities regarding drug 
development to halt neurodegeneration following traumatic brain injury.

SEC. 726. DATA SHARING WITH STATE ADJUTANT GENERALS TO FACILITATE 
              SUICIDE PREVENTION EFFORTS.

    Upon the request of any adjutant general of a State, the Secretary 
of Defense shall share the contact information of members of the 
Individual Ready Reserve and individual mobilization augmentees who 
reside in the State of such adjutant general for the purpose of 
conducting suicide prevention outreach efforts.

SEC. 727. INCREASED COLLABORATION WITH NIH TO COMBAT TRIPLE NEGATIVE 
              BREAST CANCER.

    The Office of Health of the Department of Defense shall work in 
collaboration with the National Institutes of Health to--
            (1) identify specific genetic and molecular targets and 
        biomarkers for triple negative breast cancer; and
            (2) provide information useful in biomarker selection, drug 
        discovery, and clinical trials design that will enable both--
                    (A) triple negative breast cancer patients to be 
                identified earlier in the progression of their disease; 
                and
                    (B) the development of multiple targeted therapies 
                for the disease.

SEC. 728. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELORS FOR MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR FAMILIES.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense should develop a plan to 
        ensure a sustainable flow of qualified counselors to meet the 
        long-term needs of members of the Armed Forces and their 
        families for counselors; and
            (2) the plan should include the participation of accredited 
        schools and universities, health care providers, professional 
        counselors, family service or support centers, chaplains, and 
        other appropriate resources of the Department of Defense.

SEC. 729. REPORT ON ROLE OF DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS IN 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services and Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives 
and the Committees on Armed Services and Veterans' Affairs of the 
Senate a report on the centers of excellence established under sections 
1621, 1622, and 1623 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note). Such report 
shall include each of the following:
            (1) The amount of resources that have been obligated by 
        Department of Veterans Affairs in support of each of the 
        centers since the dates on which they were established, 
        including the amount of personnel, time, money, and function 
        provided in support of the centers.
            (2) An estimate of the amount of resources the Secretary 
        expects the Department to dedicate to each of the centers 
        during each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
            (3) A description of the role of the Department within each 
        of the centers.

SEC. 730. PRELIMINARY MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS.

    Before any individual enlists in the Armed Forces or is 
commissioned as an officer in the Armed Forces, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide the individual with a mental health assessment. 
The Secretary shall use such results as a baseline for any subsequent 
mental health examinations, including such examinations provided under 
sections 1074f and 1074m of title 10, United States Code, and section 
1074n of such title, as added by section 702.

SEC. 731. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY PLAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) section 739(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1822) 
        requires the Secretary of Defense to submit a plan to Congress 
        to improve the coordination and integration of the programs of 
        the Department of Defense that address traumatic brain injury 
        and the psychological health of members of the Armed Forces not 
        later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of such 
        Act;
            (2) the requirement to submit the plan is still in effect 
        and the contents of the plan are still important; and
            (3) the Secretary of Defense should deliver the report 
        within the required time frame.

SEC. 732. REPORT ON MEMORANDUM REGARDING TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on how the Secretary will identify, refer, and 
treat traumatic brain injuries with respect to members of the Armed 
Forces who served in Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi 
Freedom before the date in June 2010 on which the memorandum regarding 
using a 50-meter distance from an explosion as a criterion to properly 
identify, refer, and treat members for potential traumatic brain injury 
took effect.

SEC. 733. PILOT PROGRAM FOR INVESTIGATIONAL TREATMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES FOR TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND POST-
              TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER.

    (a) Process.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a five-year 
pilot program under which the Secretary shall establish a process 
through which the Secretary shall provide payment for investigational 
treatments (including diagnostic testing) of traumatic brain injury or 
post-traumatic stress disorder received by members of the Armed Forces 
in health care facilities other than military treatment facilities. 
Such process shall provide that payment be made directly to the health 
care facility furnishing the treatment.
    (b) Conditions for Approval.--The approval by the Secretary for 
payment for a treatment pursuant to subsection (a) shall be subject to 
the following conditions:
            (1) Any drug or device used in the treatment must be 
        approved or cleared by the Food and Drug Administration for any 
        purpose and its use must comply with rules of the Food and Drug 
        Administration applicable to investigational new drugs or 
        investigational devices.
            (2) The treatment must be approved by the Secretary 
        following approval by an institutional review board operating 
        in accordance with regulations issued by the Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services.
            (3) The patient receiving the treatment must demonstrate an 
        improvement under criteria approved by the Secretary, as a 
        result of the treatment on one or more of the following:
                    (A) Standardized independent pre-treatment and 
                post-treatment neuropsychological testing.
                    (B) Accepted survey instruments including, such 
                instruments that look at quality of life.
                    (C) Neurological imaging.
                    (D) Clinical examination.
            (4) The patient receiving the treatment must be receiving 
        the treatment voluntarily and based on informed consent.
            (5) The patient receiving the treatment may not be a 
        retired member of the Armed Forces who is entitled to benefits 
        under part A, or eligible to enroll under part B, of title 
        XVIII of the Social Security Act.
    (c) Additional Restrictions Authorized.--The Secretary may 
establish additional restrictions or conditions for reimbursement as 
the Secretary determines appropriate to ensure the protection of human 
research subjects, appropriate fiscal management, and the validity of 
the research results.
    (d) Authority.--The Secretary shall make payments under this 
section for treatments received by members of the Armed Forces using 
the authority in subsection (c)(1) of section 1074 of title 10, United 
States Code.
    (e) Amount.--A payment under this section shall be made at the 
equivalent Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services reimbursement 
rate in effect for appropriate treatment codes for the State or 
territory in which the treatment is received. If no such rate is in 
effect, payment shall be made on a cost-reimbursement basis, as 
determined by the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services.
    (f) Data Collection and Availability.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop and maintain a 
        database containing data from each patient case involving the 
        use of a treatment under this section. The Secretary shall 
        ensure that the database preserves confidentiality and that any 
        use of the database or disclosures of such data are limited to 
        such use and disclosures permitted by law and applicable 
        regulations.
            (2) Publication of qualified institutional review board 
        studies.--The Secretary shall ensure that an Internet website 
        of the Department of Defense includes a list of all civilian 
        institutional review board studies that have received a payment 
        under this section.
    (g) Assistance for Members to Obtain Treatment.--
            (1) Assignment to temporary duty.--The Secretary of a 
        military department may assign a member of the Armed Forces 
        under the jurisdiction of the Secretary to temporary duty or 
        allow the member a permissive temporary duty in order to permit 
        the member to receive treatment for traumatic brain injury or 
        post-traumatic stress disorder, for which payments shall be 
        made under subsection (a), at a location beyond reasonable 
        commuting distance of the permanent duty station of the member.
            (2) Per diem.--A member who is away from the permanent 
        station of the member may be paid a per diem in lieu of 
        subsistence in an amount not more than the amount to which the 
        member would be entitled if the member were performing travel 
        in connection with a temporary duty assignment.
            (3) Gift rule waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive 
        any rule of the Department of Defense regarding ethics or the 
        receipt of gifts with respect to any assistance provided to a 
        member of the Armed Forces for travel or per diem expenses 
        incidental to receiving treatment under this section.
    (h) Memoranda of Understanding.--The Secretary shall enter into 
memoranda of understandings with civilian institutions for the purpose 
of providing members of the Armed Forces with treatment carried out by 
civilian health care practitioners under treatment--
            (1) approved by and under the oversight of civilian 
        institutional review boards; and
            (2) that would qualify for payment under this section.
    (i) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a process 
to notify members of the Armed Forces of the opportunity to receive 
treatment pursuant to this section.
    (j) Report to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the last day 
of each fiscal year during which the Secretary is authorized to make 
payments under this section, the Secretary shall submit to Congress an 
annual report on the implementation of this section and any available 
results on investigational treatment studies authorized under this 
section.
    (k) Termination.--The authority to make a payment under this 
section shall terminate on the date that is five years after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    (l) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each fiscal year 
during which the Secretary is authorized to make payments under this 
section.
    (m) Funding Increase and Offsetting Reduction.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in 
        the funding tables in division D, to carry out this section 
        during fiscal year 2014--
                    (A) the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
                section 1406 for the Defense Health Program, as 
                specified in the corresponding funding table in 
                division D, is hereby increased by $10,000,000, with 
                the amount of the increase allocated to the Defense 
                Health Program, as set forth in the table under section 
                4501, to carry out this section; and
                    (B) the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
                section 301 for Operation and Maintenance, Defense-
                wide, as specified in the corresponding funding table 
                in division D, is hereby reduced by $10,000,000, with 
                the amount of the reduction to be derived from Line 
                280, Office of the Secretary of Defense as set forth in 
                the table under section 4301.
            (2) Merit-based or competitive decisions.--A decision to 
        commit, obligate, or expend funds referred to in paragraph 
        (1)(A) with or to a specific entity shall--
                    (A) be based on merit-based selection procedures in 
                accordance with the requirements of sections 2304(k), 
                2361, and 2374 of title 10, United States Code, or on 
                competitive procedures; and
                    (B) comply with other applicable provisions of law.

SEC. 734. INTEGRATED ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORD OF THE DEPARTMENTS OF 
              DEFENSE AND VETERANS AFFAIRS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) despite repeated attempts at cooperation over the past 
        20 years, the Department of Defense and the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs have failed to implement a solution that 
        allows for seamless electronic sharing of medical health care 
        data;
            (2) the recent decision by the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs to abandon their earlier 
        agreement and pursue separate paths to integration jeopardizes 
        the stated goal of providing ``a patient-centered health care 
        system that delivers excellent quality, access, satisfaction, 
        and value, consistently across the Departments'';
            (3) despite the repeated concerns and objections of the 
        congressional committees of jurisdiction, the Department of 
        Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs seem to be on a 
        continued path to fail in achieving the goal of creating a 
        seamless health record that integrates data across the 
        Departments; and
            (4) the President should make the necessary leadership 
        changes to assure timely completion of this requirement.
    (b) Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs shall--
            (1) implement an integrated electronic health record to be 
        used by each of the Secretaries; and
            (2) deploy such record by not later than October 1, 2016.
    (c) Design Principles.--The integrated electronic health record 
established under subsection (b) shall adhere to the following 
principles:
            (1) To the extent practicable, efforts to establish such 
        record shall be based on objectives, activities, and milestones 
        established by the Joint Executive Committee Joint Strategic 
        Plan Fiscal Years 2013-2015, including any requirements, 
        definition, documents, or analyses previously developed to 
        satisfy said Joint Strategic Plan.
            (2) Principles with respect to open architecture standards, 
        including--
                    (A) modular designs based on standards with loose 
                coupling and high cohesion that allow for independent 
                acquisition of system components;
                    (B) if existing national standards do not exist as 
                of the date on which the record is being established, 
                the Secretaries shall agree upon and adopt a standard 
                for purposes of the record until such time as national 
                standards are established;
                    (C) enterprise investment strategies that maximize 
                reuse of proven system designs;
                    (D) implementation of aggressive life-cycle 
                sustainment planning that uses proven technology 
                insertion strategies and product upgrade techniques;
                    (E) enforcement of system design transparency, 
                continuous design disclosure and improvement, and peer 
                reviews that include government, academia, and 
                industry; and
                    (F) strategies for data-use rights to ensure a 
                level competitive playing field and access to 
                alternative solutions and sources across the life-cycle 
                of the program.
            (3) By the point of full deployment decision, such record 
        must be at a generation 3 level or better for a health 
        information technology system.
    (d) Program Plan.--Not later than January 31, 2014, the Secretaries 
shall jointly develop and submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a program plan for the oversight and execution of the 
integrated electronic health record program established under this 
section. This plan shall include--
            (1) program objectives;
            (2) organization;
            (3) responsibilities of the Departments;
            (4) technical system requirements;
            (5) milestones, including a schedule for industry 
        competitions for capabilities needed to satisfy the technical 
        system requirements;
            (6) technical system standards being adopted by the 
        program;
            (7) outcome-based metrics proposed to measure the 
        performance and effectiveness of the program; and
            (8) level of funding for fiscal years 2014 through 2017.
    (e) Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretaries shall jointly commission 
        an independent assessment of the program plan under subsection 
        (d).
            (2) Submission.--Not later than 60 days after the date on 
        which the program plan under subsection (d) is submitted to the 
        appropriate congressional committees, the Secretaries shall 
        jointly submit to such committees the independent assessment 
        conducted under paragraph (1).
    (f) Limitation of Funds.--Not more than 25 percent of the amounts 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
for development , modernization, or enhancement of the integrated 
electronic health record within the Department of Veterans Affairs or 
for operation and maintenance for the Defense Health Agency of the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the program plan under subsection (d) is submitted to the 
appropriate congressional committees.
    (g) Monthly Reporting.--On a monthly basis, the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of Veterans affairs shall each submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the expenditures 
incurred by the Secretary in the development of an integrated 
electronic health record under this section. Such reports shall include 
obligations by major categories of spending and by support of 
milestones identified in the program plan required under subsection 
(d).
    (h) Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2014, all health 
        care information contained in the Department of Defense AHLTA 
        and the Department of Veterans Affairs VistA systems shall be 
        available and actionable in real-time to health care providers 
        in each Department through shared technology.
            (2) Certification.--At such time as the operational 
        capability described in paragraph (1) is achieved, the 
        Secretaries shall jointly certify to the appropriate 
        congressional committees that the Secretaries have implemented 
        such operational capability.
            (3) Limitation of funds.--Neither the Secretary of Defense 
        or the Secretary of Veterans Affairs may obligate or expend 
        more than 10 percent of the amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
        research, development, test, and evaluation, or procurement for 
        the Virtual Lifetime Electronic Record until the date on which 
        the certification is made under paragraph (2).
            (4) Responsible official.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall each identify a senior 
        official to be responsible for the electronic health record 
        established under this section, including the operational 
        capability described in paragraph (1). Such official shall have 
        included within their performance evaluation performance 
        metrics related to the execution of the responsibilities under 
        this paragraph. Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, each Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees the name of the senior 
        official selected under this paragraph.
            (5) Accountability review.--If the Secretary of Defense and 
        the Secretary of Veterans Affairs fail to meet the requirements 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretaries shall jointly conduct an 
        accountability review to identify the following:
                    (A) The root cause of the failure and if the 
                failure is a result of technology or human performance.
                    (B) The work sections responsible for the failure.
                    (C) The milestones and resource investment required 
                to achieve such requirements.
                    (D) The recommendations for corrective actions, to 
                include personnel actions, to achieve such 
                requirements.
            (6) Submission of accountability review.--If the 
        Secretaries conduct a review under paragraph (5), the 
        Secretaries shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report of the results of the review 
        by not later than November 30, 2014.
    (i) Advisory Panel.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries shall jointly 
        establish an advisory panel to support the development and 
        validation of requirements, programmatic assessment, and other 
        actions, as needed by the Secretaries, with respect to the 
        integrated electronic health record established under 
        subsection (b). The panel shall certify to the appropriate 
        congressional committees that such record meets the definition 
        of ``integrated'' as specified in subsection (j)(4).
            (2) Membership.--The panel established under paragraph (1) 
        shall consist of not more than 14 members, appointed by the 
        Secretaries as follows:
                    (A) Two co-chairs, one appointed by each of the 
                Secretaries.
                    (B) The chief information officer of the Department 
                of Defense and the chief information officer of the 
                Department of Veterans Affairs.
                    (C) One member from the acquisition community of 
                the Department of Defense and one member from such 
                community of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
                    (D) Two members from the academic community 
                appointed by the Secretary of Defense.
                    (E) Two members from the academic community 
                appointed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
                    (F) Two members from industry appointed by the 
                Secretary of Defense.
                    (G) Two members from industry appointed by the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
            (3) Reporting.--The Advisory panel established under 
        paragraph (1) shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a quarterly report on the activities of the panel. 
        The panel shall submit the first report by not later than 
        December 31, 2013.
    (j) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``actionable'' means information that is 
        directly useful to customers for immediate use in clinical 
        decision making.
            (2) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives.
            (3) The term ``generation 3'' means, with respect to an 
        electronic health systems, a system that has the technical 
        capability to bring evidence-based medicine to the point of 
        care and provide functionality for multiple care venues.
            (4) The term ``integrated'' means one single core 
        technology or an inherent cross-platform capability without the 
        need for additional patch development to accomplish this 
        capability.

SEC. 735. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON RECOVERY AUDIT PROGRAM FOR 
              TRICARE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that evaluates the 
similarities and differences in the approaches to identifying and 
recovering improper payments across Medicare and TRICARE. The report 
shall contain an evaluation of the following:
            (1) Medicare and TRICARE claims processing efforts to 
        prevent improper payments by denying claims prior to payment.
            (2) Medicare and TRICARE claims processing efforts to 
        correct improper payments post-payment.
            (3) The effectiveness of Medicare and TRICARE post-payment 
        audit programs in place to identify and correct improper 
        payments that are returned to the government plans.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

SEC. 801. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEM ACQUISITION PROGRAMS WHEN INITIAL 
              OPERATING CAPABILITY IS NOT ACHIEVED WITHIN FIVE YEARS OF 
              MILESTONE A APPROVAL.

    (a) Submission to Pre-certification Authority.--Subsection (b) of 
section 811 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2316; 10 U.S.C. 2222 
note) is amended by striking ``the system shall be deemed to have 
undergone'' and all that follows through the period and inserting ``the 
appropriate official shall report such failure, along with the facts 
and circumstances surrounding the failure, to the appropriate pre-
certification authority for that system under section 2222 of title 10, 
United States Code, and the information so reported shall be considered 
by the pre-certification authority in the decision whether to recommend 
certification of obligations under that section.''.
    (b) Covered Systems.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``3542(b)(2) of title 44'' and inserting 
        ``section 2222(j)(2) of title 10''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, and that is not designated in section 
        2445a of title 10, United States Code, as a `major automated 
        information system program' or an `other major information 
        technology investment program''' before the period at the end.
    (c) Updated References to DOD Issuances.--Subsection (d) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Department of Defense 
        Instruction 5000.2'' and inserting ``Department of Defense 
        Directive 5000.01''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Department of Defense 
        Instruction 5000.2, dated May 12, 2003'' and inserting 
        ``Department of Defense Instruction 5000.02, dated December 3, 
        2008''.

SEC. 802. ENHANCED TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED AT DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE LABORATORIES.

    (a) Definitions.--As used in this section:
            (1) The term ``military department'' has the meaning 
        provided in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``DOD laboratory'' or ``laboratory'' means any 
        facility or group of facilities that--
                    (A) is owned, leased, operated, or otherwise used 
                by the Department of Defense; and
                    (B) meets the definition of ``laboratory'' as 
                provided in subsection (d)(2) of section 12 of the 
                Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 
                U.S.C. 3710a).
    (b) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
        of a military department each may authorize the heads of DOD 
        laboratories to grant nonexclusive, exclusive, or partially 
        exclusive licenses, royalty free or for royalties or for rights 
        to other intellectual property, for computer software and its 
        related documentation developed at a DOD laboratory, but only 
        if--
                    (A) the computer software and related documentation 
                would be a trade secret under the meaning of section 
                552(b)(4) of title 5, United States Code, if the 
                information had been obtained from a non-Federal party;
                    (B) the public is notified of the availability of 
                the software and related documentation for licensing 
                and interested parties have a fair opportunity to 
                submit applications for licensing;
                    (C) such licensing activities and licenses comply 
                with the requirements under section 209 of title 35, 
                United States Code; and
                    (D) the software originally was developed to meet 
                the military needs of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Protections against unauthorized disclosure.--The 
        Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of a military department 
        each shall provide appropriate precautions against the 
        unauthorized disclosure of any computer software or 
        documentation covered by paragraph (1)(A), including exemption 
        from section 552 of title 5, United States Code, for a period 
        of up to 5 years after the development of the computer software 
        by the DOD laboratory.
    (c) Royalties.--
            (1) Use of royalties.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        any royalties or other payments received by the Department of 
        Defense or a military department from licensing computer 
        software or documentation under paragraph (b)(1) shall be 
        retained by the Department of Defense or the military 
        department and shall be disposed of as follows:
                    (A)(i) The Department of Defense or the military 
                department shall pay each year the first $2,000, and 
                thereafter at least 15 percent, of the royalties or 
                other payments, to be divided among the employees who 
                developed the computer software.
                    (ii) The Department of Defense or the military 
                department may provide appropriate lesser incentives, 
                from the royalties or other payments, to laboratory 
                employees who are not developers of such computer 
                software but who substantially increased the technical 
                value of the software.
                    (iii) The Department of Defense or the military 
                department shall retain the royalties and other 
                payments received until it makes payments to employees 
                of a DOD laboratory under clause (i) or (ii).
                    (iv) The Department of Defense or the military 
                department may retain an amount reasonably necessary to 
                pay expenses incidental to the administration and 
                distribution of royalties or other payments under this 
                section by an organizational unit of the Department of 
                Defense or military department other than its 
                laboratories.
            (B) The balance of the royalties or other payments shall be 
        transferred by the Department of Defense or the military 
        department to its laboratories, with the majority share of the 
        royalties or other payments going to the laboratory where the 
        development occurred. The royalties or other payments so 
        transferred to any DOD laboratory may be used or obligated by 
        that laboratory during the fiscal year in which they are 
        received or during the 2 succeeding fiscal years--
                    (i) to reward scientific, engineering, and 
                technical employees of the DOD laboratory, including 
                developers of sensitive or classified technology, 
                regardless of whether the technology has commercial 
                applications;
                    (ii) to further scientific exchange among the 
                laboratories of the agency;
                    (iii) for education and training of employees 
                consistent with the research and development missions 
                and objectives of the Department of Defense, military 
                department, or DOD laboratory, and for other activities 
                that increase the potential for transfer of the 
                technology of the laboratories;
                    (iv) for payment of expenses incidental to the 
                administration and licensing of computer software or 
                other intellectual property made at that DOD 
                laboratory, including the fees or other costs for the 
                services of other agencies, persons, or organizations 
                for intellectual property management and licensing 
                services; or
                    (v) for scientific research and development 
                consistent with the research and development missions 
                and objectives of the DOD laboratory.
            (C) All royalties or other payments retained by the 
        Department of Defense, military department, or DOD laboratory 
        after payments have been made pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and 
        (B) that are unobligated and unexpended at the end of the 
        second fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year in which the 
        royalties and other payments were received shall be paid into 
        the Treasury of the United States.
            (2) Exception.--If, after payments under paragraph (1)(A), 
        the balance of the royalties or other payments received by the 
        Department of Defense or the military department in any fiscal 
        year exceed 5 percent of the funds received for use by the DOD 
        laboratory for research, development, engineering, testing, and 
        evaluation or other related administrative, processing or 
        value-added activities for that year, 75 percent of such excess 
        shall be paid to the Treasury of the United States and the 
        remaining 25 percent may be used or obligated under paragraph 
        (1)(B). Any funds not so used or obligated shall be paid into 
        the Treasury of the United States.
            (3) Status of payments to employees.--Any payment made to 
        an employee under this section shall be in addition to the 
        regular pay of the employee and to any other awards made to the 
        employee, and shall not affect the entitlement of the employee 
        to any regular pay, annuity, or award to which the employee is 
        otherwise entitled or for which the employee is otherwise 
        eligible or limit the amount thereof except that the monetary 
        value of an award for the same project or effort shall be 
        deducted from the amount otherwise available under this 
        paragraph. Payments, determined under the terms of this 
        paragraph and made to an employee developer as such, may 
        continue after the developer leaves the DOD laboratory or the 
        Department of Defense or military department. Payments made 
        under this section shall not exceed $75,000 per year to any one 
        person, unless the President approves a larger award (with the 
        excess over $75,000 being treated as a Presidential award under 
        section 4504 of title 5, United States Code).
    (d) Information in Report.--The report required by section 2515(d) 
of title 10, United States Code, shall include information regarding 
the implementation and effectiveness of this section.
    (e) Expiration.--The authority provided in this section shall 
expire on December 31, 2018.

SEC. 803. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AGGREGATE ANNUAL AMOUNT AVAILABLE 
              FOR CONTRACT SERVICES.

    Section 808 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1489) is amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (b), by striking ``fiscal year 
        2012 or 2013'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2012, 2013, 2014 or 
        2015'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``during fiscal years 2012 and 
                2013'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1);
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
                redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
                paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``fiscal years 2012 and 2013'' and inserting 
                ``fiscal years 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(4), by striking ``fiscal year 2012 or 
        2013'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2012, 2013, 2014 or 2015''; 
        and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(e) Carryover of Reductions Required.--If the reductions required 
by subsection (c)(2) for fiscal years 2012 and 2013 are not 
implemented, the amounts remaining for those reductions in fiscal years 
2012 and 2013 shall be implemented in fiscal years 2014 and 2015.
    ``(f) Anti-Deficiency Act Violation.--Failure to comply with 
subsections (a) and (e) shall be considered violations of section 1341 
of title 31, United States Code (popularly referred to as the Anti-
Deficiency Act).''.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

SEC. 811. ADDITIONAL CONTRACTOR RESPONSIBILITIES IN REGULATIONS 
              RELATING TO DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE OF COUNTERFEIT 
              ELECTRONIC PARTS.

    Section 818(c)(2)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1493; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
note) is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``electronic'' after 
        ``avoid counterfeit''; and
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``were provided'' and 
        inserting the following: ``were--
                                    ``(I) procured from an original 
                                manufacturer or its authorized dealer 
                                or from a trusted supplier in 
                                accordance with regulations described 
                                in paragraph (3); or
                                    ``(II) provided''.

SEC. 812. AMENDMENTS RELATING TO DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE OF COUNTERFEIT 
              ELECTRONIC PARTS.

    Section 818(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), at the end of clause (iii), by 
        striking the period and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) the cost of counterfeit electronic parts and 
                suspect counterfeit electronic parts and the cost of 
                rework or corrective action that may be required to 
                remedy the use or inclusion of obsolete parts are not 
                allowable costs under Department contracts, unless--
                            ``(i) the offeror's proposal in response to 
                        a Department of Defense solicitation for 
                        maintenance, refurbishment, or remanufacture 
                        work identifies obsolete electronic parts and 
                        includes a plan to ensure trusted sources of 
                        supply for obsolete electronic parts, or to 
                        implement design modifications to eliminate 
                        obsolete electronic parts;
                            ``(ii) the Department elects not to fund 
                        design modifications to eliminate obsolete 
                        electronic parts; and
                            ``(iii) the contractor applies inspections 
                        and tests intended to detect counterfeit 
                        electronic parts and suspect counterfeit 
                        electronic parts when purchasing electronic 
                        parts from other than the original 
                        manufacturers or their authorized dealers, 
                        pursuant to paragraph (3).''.

SEC. 813. GOVERNMENT-WIDE LIMITATIONS ON ALLOWABLE COSTS FOR CONTRACTOR 
              COMPENSATION.

    (a) Defense Contracts.--
            (1) Amendments relating to contractor employees.--
        Subparagraph (P) of section 2324(e)(1) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(P) Costs of compensation of any contractor employee for 
        a fiscal year, regardless of the contract funding source, to 
        the extent that such compensation exceeds $763,029 adjusted 
        annually for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment 
        Cost Index for total compensation for private industry workers, 
        by occupational and industry group not seasonally adjusted, 
        except that the Secretary of Defense may establish narrowly 
        targeted exceptions for positions in the science, technology, 
        engineering, mathematics, medical, and manufacturing fields 
        upon a determination that such exceptions are needed to ensure 
        that the Department of Defense has continued access to needed 
        skills and capabilities.''.
            (2) Amendments relating to senior executives of certain 
        contractors.--Section 2324(e)(1) of such title is further 
        amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(Q) Costs of compensation of senior executives of a 
        covered contractor.''.
            (3) Definitions.--Section 2324(l) of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following 
                new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) The term `senior executives', with respect to a 
        covered contractor, means the five most highly compensated 
        employees of the contractor. In determining the five most 
        highly compensated employees in the case of a contractor with 
        components (such as subsidiaries or divisions), the 
        determination shall be made using the five most highly 
        compensated employees contractor-wide, not within each 
        component.''; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following 
                new paragraph (7):
            ``(7) The term `covered contractor', with respect to a 
        fiscal year, means a contractor that was awarded Federal 
        contracts in an amount totaling more than $500,000,000 during 
        the previous fiscal year.''.
    (b) Civilian Agency Contracts.--
            (1) Amendments relating to contractor employees.--Paragraph 
        (16) of section 4304(a) of title 41, United States Code, is 
        amended to read as follows:
            ``(16) Costs of compensation of any contractor employee for 
        a fiscal year, regardless of the contract funding source, to 
        the extent that such compensation exceeds $763,029 adjusted 
        annually for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment 
        Cost Index for total compensation for private industry workers, 
        by occupational and industry group not seasonally adjusted, 
        except that the executive agency may establish narrowly 
        targeted exceptions for positions in the science, technology, 
        engineering, mathematics, medical, and manufacturing fields 
        upon a determination that such exceptions are needed to ensure 
        that the executive agency has continued access to needed skills 
        and capabilities.''.
            (2) Amendments relating to senior executives of certain 
        contractors.--Section 4304(a) of such title is further amended 
        by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(17) Costs of compensation of senior executives of a 
        covered contractor.''.
            (3) Definitions.--Section 4301 of such title is amended by 
        striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following new 
        paragraphs (4) and (5):
            ``(4) The term `senior executives', with respect to a 
        covered contractor, means the five most highly compensated 
        employees of the contractor. In determining the five most 
        highly compensated employees in the case of a contractor with 
        components (such as subsidiaries or divisions), the 
        determination shall be made using the five most highly 
        compensated employees contractor-wide, not within each 
        component.
            ``(5) The term `covered contractor', with respect to a 
        fiscal year, means a contractor that was awarded Federal 
        contracts in an amount totaling more than $500,000,000 during 
        the previous fiscal year.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Chapter 11 of title 41, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking section 1127; and
            (2) by striking the item relating to that section in the 
        table of sections at the beginning of such chapter.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to costs of compensation incurred under contracts 
entered into on or after the date that is 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 814. INCLUSION OF ADDITIONAL COST ESTIMATE INFORMATION IN CERTAIN 
              REPORTS.

    (a) Additional Cost Estimate Information Required to Be Included in 
Selected Acquisition Reports.--Section 2432(c)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C) and (D) as 
        subparagraphs (C), (D), and (F), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
        subparagraph (B):
            ``(B) for each major defense acquisition program or 
        designated major subprogram included in the report--
                    ``(i) the Baseline Estimate (as that term is 
                defined in section 2433(a)(2) of this title), along 
                with the associated risk curve and sensitivity of that 
                estimate;
                    ``(ii) the original Baseline Estimate (as that term 
                is defined in section 2435(d)(1) of this title), along 
                with the associated risk curve and sensitivity of that 
                estimate;
                    ``(iii) if the original Baseline Estimate was 
                adjusted or revised pursuant to section 2435(d)(2) of 
                this title, such adjusted or revised estimate, along 
                with the associated risk curve and sensitivity of that 
                estimate; and
                    ``(iv) the primary risk parameters associated with 
                the current procurement cost for the program (as that 
                term is used in section 2432(e)(4) of this title);'';
            (3) in subparagraph (D), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``and'' at the end; and
            (4) by inserting after subparagraph (D), as so 
        redesignated, the following new subparagraph (E):
            ``(E) estimated contract termination costs; and''.
    (b) Additional Duties of Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
Evaluation With Respect to SAR.--
            (1) Review required.--Section 2334(a) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph 
                (6);
                    (B) by striking the period and inserting ``; and'' 
                at the end of paragraph (7); and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph (8):
            ``(8) annually review the cost estimates and associated 
        information required to be included, by section 2432(c)(1)(B) 
        of this title, in the Selected Acquisition Reports required by 
        that section.''.
            (2) Additional information required in annual report.--
        Section 2334(f)(1) of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``report, an assessment of--'' and 
                inserting ``report--'';
                    (B) in each of subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), by 
                inserting ``an assessment of'' before the first word of 
                the text;
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(D) a summary of the cost estimate information reviewed 
        under subsection (a)(8), an identification of any trends in 
        that information, an aggregation of the cumulative risk of the 
        portfolio of systems reviewed under that subsection, and 
        recommendations for improving cost estimates on the basis of 
        the review under that subsection.''.

SEC. 815. AMENDMENT RELATING TO COMPELLING REASONS FOR WAIVING 
              SUSPENSION OR DEBARMENT.

    Section 2393(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after the first sentence the following: ``The Secretary of 
Defense shall also make the determination described in subsection 
(a)(2) available on a publicly accessible website.''.

SEC. 816. REQUIREMENT THAT COST OR PRICE TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BE 
              GIVEN AT LEAST EQUAL IMPORTANCE AS TECHNICAL OR OTHER 
              CRITERIA IN EVALUATING COMPETITIVE PROPOSALS FOR DEFENSE 
              CONTRACTS.

    (a) Requirement.--Subparagraph (A) of section 2305(a)(3) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``proposals; and'' at 
the end of clause (ii) and all that follows through the end of the 
subparagraph and inserting the following: ``proposals and that must be 
assigned importance at least equal to all evaluation factors other than 
cost or price when combined.''.
    (b) Waiver.--Section 2305(a)(3) of such title is further amended by 
striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) The requirement of subparagraph (A)(ii) 
                relating to assigning at least equal importance to 
                evaluation factors of cost or price may be waived by 
                the head of the agency.''.
    (c) Report.--Section 2305(a)(3) of such title is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Not later than 180 days after the end of each 
                fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
                Congress, and post on a publicly available website of 
                the Department of Defense, a report containing a list 
                of each waiver issued by the head of an agency under 
                subparagraph (B) during the preceding fiscal year.''.

SEC. 817. REQUIREMENT TO BUY AMERICAN FLAGS FROM DOMESTIC SOURCES.

    Section 2533a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) A flag of the United States of America (within the 
        meaning of chapter 1 of title 4).''.

Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Contracts in Support of Contingency 
                   Operations in Iraq or Afghanistan

SEC. 821. AMENDMENTS RELATING TO PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTING WITH THE 
              ENEMY.

    (a) Amendments Relating to Prohibition.--Section 841(a)(1) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 126 Stat. 1510) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``Commander of the United States Central Command'' and 
        inserting ``commander of a covered combatant command'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by striking ``Commander of the United States 
                Central Command'' and inserting ``commander of the 
                covered combatant command''; and
                    (B) by striking ``United States Central Command 
                theater of operations'' and inserting ``theater of 
                operations of that command'';
            (3) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``United States 
        Central Command theater of operations'' and inserting ``theater 
        of operations of the covered combatant command''; and
            (4) in subparagraph (C)--
                    (A) by striking ``Commander of the United States 
                Central Command'' and inserting ``commander of the 
                covered combatant command''; and
                    (B) by striking ``United States Central Command 
                theater of operations'' and inserting ``theater of 
                operations of that command''.
    (b) Amendments Relating to Contract Clause.--Section 841(b)(3) of 
such Act is amended--
            (1) by striking ``$100,000'' and inserting ``$50,000''; and
            (2) by striking ``United States Central Command theater of 
        operations'' and inserting ``theater of operations of a covered 
        combatant command''.
    (c) Amendments Relating to Identification of Contracts.--Section 
841(c) of such Act is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``, acting through the Commander of 
                the United States Central Command,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``United States Central Command 
                theater of operations'' and inserting ``theaters of 
                operations of covered combatant commands'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``Commander of the United States 
                Central Command'' and inserting ``commander of a 
                covered combatant command''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Commander may notify'' and 
                inserting ``commander may notify''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Commander of the United 
        States Central Command'' and inserting ``commander of a covered 
        combatant command''.
    (d) Amendments Relating to Nondelegation of Responsibilities.--
Section 841(d)(2) of such Act is amended by striking ``Commander of the 
United States Central Command'' and inserting ``commander of a covered 
combatant command''.
    (e) Amendments Relating to Definitions.--Section 841(f) of such Act 
is amended--
            (1) by striking the subsection heading and inserting 
        ``Definitions.--'';
            (2) by striking ``In this section, the term'' and inserting 
        the following: ``In this section:
            ``(1) Contingency operation.--The term''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Covered combatant command.--The term `covered 
        combatant command' means the United States Central Command, the 
        United States European Command, the United States Southern 
        Command, and the United States Pacific Command.''.
    (f) Repeal of Sunset.--Subsection (g) of section 841 of such Act is 
repealed.
    (g) Technical Amendments.--
            (1) Conforming amendment to section heading.--
                    (A) The heading of section 841 of such Act is 
                amended by striking ``in the united states central 
                command theater of operations''.
                    (B) The item relating to section 841 in the table 
                of sections at the beginning of title VIII and in 
                section 2 of such Act is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 841. Prohibition on contracting with the enemy.''.
            (2) Repeal of superseded deadlines.--Paragraph (1) of each 
        of subsections (a), (b), and (c) of section 841 of such Act is 
        amended by striking ``Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the'' and inserting ``The''.
    (h) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply to contracts entered into on or after the date that is 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 822. COLLECTION OF DATA RELATING TO CONTRACTS IN IRAQ AND 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Penalties.--Section 861 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Penalties for Failure to Comply.--Any contract in Afghanistan 
entered into or modified after the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 may include a 
clause requiring the imposition of a penalty on any contractor that 
does not comply with the policies or guidance issued or the regulations 
prescribed pursuant to subsection (c). Compliance with such policies, 
guidance, or regulations may be considered as a factor in the 
determination of award and incentive fees.''.
    (b) Penalty Information Covered in Report.--Section 863(c) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Any penalties imposed on contractors for failing to 
        comply with requirements under section 861(e), including 
        requirements to provide information for the common databases 
        identified under section 861(b)(4).''.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 831. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON ACQUISITION OF MILITARY PURPOSE 
              NONDEVELOPMENTAL ITEMS.

    Section 866(f)(1) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4296; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) is amended by striking ``the date that is five years after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2019.''.

SEC. 832. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 
              PRODUCED IN COUNTRIES ALONG A MAJOR ROUTE OF SUPPLY TO 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    Section 801(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399), as amended by section 
841(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
(Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1845), is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2014'' and inserting ``December 31, 2015''.

SEC. 833. REPORT ON PROCUREMENT SUPPLY CHAIN VULNERABILITIES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on how sole source suppliers of components to 
the Department of Defense procurement supply chain create 
vulnerabilities to military attack, terrorism, natural disaster, 
industrial shock, financial crisis, or geopolitical crisis, such as an 
embargo of key raw materials or industrial inputs.
    (b) Matters Covered.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) A list of the components in the Department of Defense 
        procurement supply chain for which there is a supplier that 
        controls over 50 percent of the global market.
            (2) A list of parts of the supply chain where there is 
        inadequate information to ascertain whether there is a single 
        source supplier of components.
            (3) The Secretary's recommendations on which single source 
        suppliers create vulnerabilities, as well recommendations on 
        how to reduce those vulnerabilities.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) may be 
classified.

SEC. 834. STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF CONTRACTING WITH VETERAN-OWNED SMALL 
              BUSINESSES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Administrator of the Small Business Administration and the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, shall issue a report that includes--
            (1) a description of the impacts of Department of Defense 
        contracting with small business concerns owned and controlled 
        by veterans and small business concerns owned and controlled by 
        service-disabled veterans on veteran entrepreneurship and 
        veteran unemployment;
            (2) a description of the effect that increased economic 
        opportunity for veterans has on issues such as veteran suicide 
        and veteran homelessness; and
            (3) an analysis of the feasibility and expected impacts of 
        the implementation within the Department of Defense of a 
        contracting program modeled on the program authorized under 
        section 8127 of title 38, United States Code.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``veteran'' has the meaning given the term 
        under section 101(2) of title 38, United States Code; and
            (2) the terms ``small business concern owned and controlled 
        by veterans'' and ``small business concern owned and controlled 
        by service-disabled veterans'' have the meanings given such 
        terms under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
        632).

SEC. 835. REVISIONS TO REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO JUSTIFICATION AND 
              APPROVAL OF SOLE-SOURCE DEFENSE CONTRACTS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall modify the provisions of the Department 
of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation that 
implement section 811 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2401) to clarify that 
the authority of the head of an agency (as defined in section 
811(c)(2)(A) of such section) to make an award pursuant to such section 
is delegable.

SEC. 836. IMPROVED MANAGEMENT OF DEFENSE EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES THROUGH 
              AUTOMATED INFORMATION AND DATA CAPTURE TECHNOLOGIES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall improve the management of defense 
equipment and supplies throughout their life cycles by adopting and 
implementing Item Unique Identification (IUID), Radio Frequency 
Identification (RFID), biometrics, and other automated information and 
data capture (AIDC) technologies for the tracking, management, and 
accountability for assets deployed across the Department of Defense.

SEC. 837. REVISION OF DEFENSE SUPPLEMENT TO THE FEDERAL ACQUISITION 
              REGULATION TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT SOURCING LAWS.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation shall be revised to implement the requirements imposed by 
sections 129, 129a, 2330a, 2461, and 2463 of title 10, United States 
Code.

SEC. 838. PROHIBITION ON PURCHASE OF MILITARY COINS NOT MADE IN UNITED 
              STATES.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
used to purchase military coins that are not produced in the United 
States.

SEC. 839. COMPLIANCE WITH DOMESTIC SOURCE REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOTWEAR 
              FURNISHED TO ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES UPON 
              THEIR INITIAL ENTRY INTO THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Requirement.--Section 418 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) In the case of athletic footwear needed by members of the 
Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps upon their initial entry into 
the armed forces, the Secretary of Defense shall furnish such footwear 
directly to the members instead of providing a cash allowance to the 
members for the purchase of such footwear.
    ``(2) In procuring athletic footwear to comply with paragraph (1), 
the Secretary of Defense shall comply with the requirements of section 
2533a of title 10, without regard to the applicability of any 
simplified acquisition threshold under chapter 137 of title 10 (or any 
other provision of law).
    ``(3) This subsection does not prohibit the provision of a cash 
allowance to a member described in paragraph (1) for the purchase of 
athletic footwear if such footwear--
            ``(A) is medically required to meet unique physiological 
        needs of the member; and
            ``(B) cannot be met with athletic footwear that complies 
        with the requirements of this subsection.''.
    (b) Certification.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall not 
take effect until the Secretary of Defense certifies that there are at 
least two sources that can provide athletic footwear to the Department 
of Defense that is 100 percent compliant with section 2533a of title 
10, United States Code.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

              Subtitle A--Department of Defense Management

SEC. 901. REDESIGNATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AS THE DEPARTMENT 
              OF THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Redesignation of the Department of the Navy as the Department 
of the Navy and Marine Corps.--
            (1) Redesignation of military department.--The military 
        department designated as the Department of the Navy is 
        redesignated as the Department of the Navy and Marine Corps.
            (2) Redesignation of secretary and other statutory 
        offices.--
                    (A) Secretary.--The position of the Secretary of 
                the Navy is redesignated as the Secretary of the Navy 
                and Marine Corps.
                    (B) Other statutory offices.--The positions of the 
                Under Secretary of the Navy, the four Assistant 
                Secretaries of the Navy, and the General Counsel of the 
                Department of the Navy are redesignated as the Under 
                Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps, the Assistant 
                Secretaries of the Navy and Marine Corps, and the 
                General Counsel of the Department of the Navy and 
                Marine Corps, respectively.
    (b) Conforming Amendments to Title 10, United States Code.--
            (1) Definition of ``military department''.--Paragraph (8) 
        of section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
        to read as follows:
            ``(8) The term `military department' means the Department 
        of the Army, the Department of the Navy and Marine Corps, and 
        the Department of the Air Force.''.
            (2) Organization of department.--The text of section 5011 
        of such title is amended to read as follows: ``The Department 
        of the Navy and Marine Corps is separately organized under the 
        Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps.''.
            (3) Position of secretary.--Section 5013(a)(1) of such 
        title is amended by striking ``There is a Secretary of the 
        Navy'' and inserting ``There is a Secretary of the Navy and 
        Marine Corps''.
            (4) Chapter headings.--
                    (A) The heading of chapter 503 of such title is 
                amended to read as follows:

       ``CHAPTER 503--DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS''.

                    (B) The heading of chapter 507 of such title is 
                amended to read as follows:

  ``CHAPTER 507--COMPOSITION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE 
                                CORPS''.

            (5) Other amendments.--
                    (A) Title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
                striking ``Department of the Navy'' and ``Secretary of 
                the Navy'' each place they appear other than as 
                specified in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) 
                (including in section headings, subsection captions, 
                tables of chapters, and tables of sections) and 
                inserting ``Department of the Navy and Marine Corps'' 
                and ``Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps'', 
                respectively, in each case with the matter inserted to 
                be in the same typeface and typestyle as the matter 
                stricken.
                    (B)(i) Sections 5013(f), 5014(b)(2), 5016(a), 
                5017(2), 5032(a), and 5042(a) of such title are amended 
                by striking ``Assistant Secretaries of the Navy'' and 
                inserting ``Assistant Secretaries of the Navy and 
                Marine Corps''.
                    (ii) The heading of section 5016 of such title, and 
                the item relating to such section in the table of 
                sections at the beginning of chapter 503 of such title, 
                are each amended by inserting ``and Marine Corps'' 
                after ``of the Navy'', with the matter inserted in each 
                case to be in the same typeface and typestyle as the 
                matter amended.
    (c) Other Provisions of Law and Other References.--
            (1) Title 37, united states code.--Title 37, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``Department of the Navy'' and 
        ``Secretary of the Navy'' each place they appear and inserting 
        ``Department of the Navy and Marine Corps'' and ``Secretary of 
        the Navy and Marine Corps'', respectively.
            (2) Other references.--Any reference in any law other than 
        in title 10 or title 37, United States Code, or in any 
        regulation, document, record, or other paper of the United 
        States, to the Department of the Navy shall be considered to be 
        a reference to the Department of the Navy and Marine Corps. Any 
        such reference to an office specified in subsection (a)(2) 
        shall be considered to be a reference to that office as 
        redesignated by that section.
    (d) Effective Date.--This section and the amendments made by this 
section shall take effect on the first day of the first month beginning 
more than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 902. REVISIONS TO COMPOSITION OF TRANSITION PLAN FOR DEFENSE 
              BUSINESS ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE.

    Section 2222(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``defense business 
        enterprise architecture'' and inserting ``target defense 
        business systems computing environment described in subsection 
        (d)(3)'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``existing as of September 30, 2011 
                (known as `legacy systems') that will not be part of 
                the defense business enterprise architecture'' and 
                inserting ``that will be phased out of the defense 
                business systems computing environment within three 
                years after review and certification as `legacy 
                systems' by the investment management process 
                established under subsection (g)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``that provides for reducing the 
                use of those legacy systems in phases''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``legacy systems 
        (referred to in subparagraph (B)) that will be a part of the 
        target defense business systems computing environment described 
        in subsection (d)(3)'' and inserting ``existing systems that 
        are part of the target defense business systems computing 
        environment''.

SEC. 903. REPORT ON STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF UNITED STATES MILITARY 
              INSTALLATION OF THE U.S. PACIFIC COMMAND.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the strategic value of each major 
installation that supports operations in the United States Pacific 
Command.
    (b) Content of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, an assessment of the following with respect to 
each major installation covered by the report:
            (1) The strategic value of the operations of the 
        installation in the Pacific Command Area of Responsibility, 
        including the strategic value of the installation for the 
        global deployment of airpower, military personnel, and 
        logistical support.
            (2) The usefulness of the installation for potential future 
        missions, including military, search and rescue, and 
        humanitarian missions in a changing Pacific and Arctic region.
            (3) The suitability of the installation for basing of F-35 
        aircraft and other future weapons systems in the Pacific 
        Command Area of Responsibility.
            (4) The suitability of the installation for mission growth, 
        including relocation of combat-coded aircraft, Army units, 
        naval vessels, and Marine Corps units from overseas bases.
            (5) How critical the installation is in maintaining and 
        expanding the North and Southern Pacific air refueling bridge.
            (6) The availability of the installation for basing 
        remotely piloted aircraft.
            (7) The proximity of the installation to scoreable, 
        instrumented training ranges, with an emphasis on joint-
        training.
            (8) The impact of urban encroachment on the installation 
        and its training ranges.
    (c) Classified Annex.--The report required by subsection (a) may 
include a classified annex if necessary to fully describe the matters 
required by subsection (b).

SEC. 904. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON POTENTIAL RELOCATION OF FEDERAL 
              GOVERNMENT TENANTS ON ASIA-PACIFIC AND ARCTIC-ORIENTED 
              UNITED STATES MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2014, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report containing the results of a review of the 
potential for--
            (1) effectively consolidating underused facilities on 
        military installations; or
            (2) vacating costly leased space by relocating Federal 
        Government agency tenants, activities, missions, and personnel 
        onto such installations.
    (b) Specific Consideration of Asia-Pacific and Arctic-oriented 
Installations.--As a result of the Federal Government's decision to 
emphasize Asia-Pacific security issues and changes in the Arctic 
environment, the Comptroller General shall specifically evaluate 
potential consolidation of Federal tenants on Asia-Pacific and Arctic-
oriented installations, focusing on Federal entities with homeland 
security, defense, international trade, commerce, and other national 
security-related functions that are compatible with the missions of the 
military installations.

                      Subtitle B--Space Activities

SEC. 911. NATIONAL SECURITY SPACE SATELLITE REPORTING POLICY.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Department of Defense depends on national security 
        space programs to support, among other critical capabilities--
                    (A) communications;
                    (B) missile warning;
                    (C) position, navigation, and timing;
                    (D) intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; 
                and
                    (E) environmental monitoring; and
            (2) foreign threats to national security space systems are 
        increasing.
    (b) Notification of Foreign Interference of National Security 
Space.--Chapter 135 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2278. Notification of foreign interference of national security 
              space
    ``(a) Notice Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall, with 
respect to each attempt by a foreign actor to disrupt, degrade, or 
destroy a United States national security space capability, provide to 
the appropriate congressional committees--
            ``(1) not later than 48 hours after the Secretary 
        determines that there is reason to believe such attempt 
        occurred, notice of such attempt; and
            ``(2) not later than 10 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary determines that there is reason to believe such 
        attempt occurred, a notification described in subsection (b) 
        with respect to such attempt.
    ``(b) Notification Description.--A notification described in this 
subsection is a notification that includes--
            ``(1) the name and a brief description of the national 
        security space capability that was impacted by an attempt by a 
        foreign actor to disrupt, degrade, or destroy a United States 
        national security space capability;
            ``(2) a description of such attempt, including the foreign 
        actor, the date and time of such attempt, and any related 
        capability outage and the mission impact of such outage; and
            ``(3) any other information the Secretary considers 
        relevant.
    ``(c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--The term 
`appropriate congressional committees' means--
            ``(1) the congressional defense committees; and
            ``(2) with respect to a notice or notification related to 
        an attempt by a foreign entity to disrupt, degrade, or destroy 
        a United States national security space capability that is 
        intelligence-related, the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select 
        Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.''.
    (c) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following 
item:

``2278. Notification of foreign interference of national security 
                            space.''.

SEC. 912. NATIONAL SECURITY SPACE DEFENSE AND PROTECTION.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall enter into an 
arrangement with the National Research Council to--
            (1) in response to the near-term and long-term threats to 
        the national security space systems of the United States, 
        conduct a review of--
                    (A) the range of strategic options available to 
                address such threats, in terms of deterring hostile 
                actions, defeating hostile actions, or surviving 
                hostile actions until such actions conclude;
                    (B) strategies and plans to counter such threats, 
                including resilience, reconstitution, disaggregation, 
                and other appropriate concepts; and
                    (C) existing and planned architectures, warfighter 
                requirements, technology development, systems, 
                workforce, or other factors related to addressing such 
                threats; and
            (2) identify recommend courses of action to address such 
        threats, including potential barriers or limiting factors in 
        implementing such courses of action.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the National Research Council shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees, the Permanent 
        Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
        the Senate a report containing the results of the review 
        conducted pursuant to the arrangement under subsection (a) and 
        the recommended courses of action identified pursuant to such 
        arrangement.
            (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
    (c) Space Protection Strategy.--Section 911(f)(1) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (10 U.S.C. 2271 note) is 
amended by striking ``including each of the matters required by 
subsection (c).'' and inserting the following: ``including--
                    ``(A) each of the matters required by subsection 
                (c); and
                    ``(B) a description of how the Department of 
                Defense and the intelligence community plan to provide 
                necessary national security capabilities, through 
                alternative space, airborne, or ground systems, if a 
                foreign actor degrades, denies access to, or destroys 
                United States national security space capabilities.''.

SEC. 913. SPACE ACQUISITION STRATEGY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in consultation with the Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense, shall establish a 
strategy to enable the multi-year procurement of commercial satellite 
services.
    (b) Basis.--The strategy required under subsection (a) shall 
include and be based on--
            (1) an analysis of financial or other benefits to acquiring 
        satellite services through multi-year acquisition approaches;
            (2) an analysis of the risks associated with such 
        acquisition approaches;
            (3) an identification of methods to address planning, 
        programming, budgeting, and execution challenges to such 
        approaches, including methods to address potential termination 
        liability or cancellation costs generally associated with 
        multi-year contracts;
            (4) an identification of any changes needed in the 
        requirements development and approval processes of the 
        Department of Defense to facilitate effective and efficient 
        implementation of such strategy, including an identification of 
        any consolidation of requirements for such services across the 
        Department that may achieve increased buying power and 
        efficiency; and
            (5) an identification of any necessary changes to policies, 
        procedures, regulations, or statutes.
    (c) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics, in consultation with the Chief Information 
Officer of the Department of Defense, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the strategy required under subsection (a), 
including the elements required under subsection (b).

SEC. 914. SPACE CONTROL MISSION REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the space control mission of the Department of 
Defense. Such report shall include--
            (1) an identification of existing offensive and defensive 
        space control systems, policies, and technical possibilities of 
        future systems;
            (2) an identification of any gaps or risks in existing 
        space control system architecture and possibilities for 
        improvement or mitigation of such gaps or risks;
            (3) a description of existing and future sensor coverage 
        and ground processing capabilities for space situational 
        awareness;
            (4) an explanation of the extent to which all relevant and 
        available information is being utilized for space situational 
        awareness to detect, track, and identify objects in space;
            (5) a description of existing space situational awareness 
        data sharing practices, including what information is being 
        shared and what the benefits and risks of such sharing are to 
        the national security of the United States; and
            (6) plans for the future space control mission.

SEC. 915. RESPONSIVE LAUNCH.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) United States Strategic Command has identified three 
        needs as a result of dramatically increased demand and 
        dependence on space capabilities as follows:
                    (A) To rapidly augment existing space capabilities 
                when needed to expand operational capability.
                    (B) To rapidly reconstitute or replenish critical 
                space capabilities to preserve continuity of operations 
                capability.
                    (C) To rapidly exploit and infuse space 
                technological or operational innovations to increase 
                the advantage of the United States.
            (2) Operationally responsive low cost launch could assist 
        in addressing such needs of the combatant commands.
    (b) Study.--The Department of Defense Executive Agent for Space 
shall conduct a study on responsive, low-cost launch efforts. Such 
study shall include--
            (1) a review of existing and past operationally responsive, 
        low-cost launch efforts by domestic or foreign governments or 
        industry;
            (2) a technology assessment of various methods to develop 
        an operationally responsive, low-cost launch capability; and
            (3) an assessment of the viability of greater utilization 
        of innovative methods, including the use of secondary payload 
        adapters on existing launch vehicles.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Department of Defense Executive Agent for 
Space shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
containing--
            (1) the results of the study conducted under subsection 
        (b); and
            (2) a consolidated plan for development within the 
        Department of Defense of an operationally responsive, low-cost 
        launch capability.

  Subtitle C--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

SEC. 921. REVISION OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE AUTHORITY TO ENGAGE IN 
              COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES AS SECURITY FOR INTELLIGENCE 
              COLLECTION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Period for Required Audits.--Section 432(b)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``annually'' and 
        inserting ``biennially''; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``the intelligence 
        committees'' and all that follows and inserting ``the 
        congressional defense committees and the congressional 
        intelligence committees (as defined in section 437(c)).''.
    (b) Repeal of Designation of Defense Intelligence Agency as 
Required Oversight Authority Within Department of Defense.--Section 
436(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Defense Intelligence Agency'' and 
        inserting ``Department of Defense''; and
            (2) by striking ``management and supervision'' and 
        inserting ``oversight''.
    (c) Congressional Oversight.--Section 437 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the intelligence 
        committees'' and inserting ``congressional defense committees 
        and the congressional intelligence committees'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the intelligence 
        committees'' and inserting ``congressional defense committees 
        and the congressional intelligence committees''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Congressional Intelligence Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `congressional intelligence committees' has the 
meaning given the term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 
1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).''.

SEC. 922. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE PRIORITIES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) establish a written policy governing the internal 
        coordination and prioritization of intelligence priorities of 
        the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the 
        combatant commands, and the military departments to improve 
        identification of the intelligence needs of the Department of 
        Defense;
            (2) identify any significant intelligence gaps of the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the 
        combatant commands, and the military departments; and
            (3) provide to the congressional defense committees, the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
        the Senate a briefing on the policy established under paragraph 
        (1) and the gaps identified under paragraph (2).

SEC. 923. DEFENSE CLANDESTINE SERVICE.

    (a) Certification Required.--Not more than 50 percent of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise available to the 
Department of Defense for the Defense Clandestine Service for fiscal 
year 2014 may be obligated or expended for the Defense Clandestine 
Service until such time as the Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
covered congressional committees that--
            (1) the Defense Clandestine Service is designed primarily 
        to--
                    (A) fulfill priorities of the Department of Defense 
                that are unique to the Department of Defense or 
                otherwise unmet; and
                    (B) provide unique capabilities to the intelligence 
                community (as defined in section 3(4) of the National 
                Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4))); and
            (2) the Secretary of Defense has designed metrics that will 
        be used to ensure that the Defense Clandestine Service is 
        employed as described in paragraph (1).
    (b) Annual Assessments.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for five years, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the covered congressional 
committees a detailed assessment of Defense Clandestine Service 
employment and performance based on the metrics referred to in 
subsection (a)(2).
    (c) Notification of Future Changes to Design.--Following the 
submittal of the certification referred to in subsection (a), in the 
event that any significant change is made to the Defense Clandestine 
Service, the Secretary shall promptly notify the covered congressional 
committees of the nature of such change.
    (d) Quarterly Briefings.--The Secretary of Defense shall quarterly 
provide to the covered congressional committees a briefing on the 
deployments and collection activities of personnel of the Defense 
Clandestine Service.
    (e) Covered Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``covered congressional committees'' means the congressional 
defense committees, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
the House of Representatives, and the Select Committee on Intelligence 
of the Senate.

SEC. 924. PROHIBITION ON NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE PROGRAM CONSOLIDATION.

    (a) Prohibition.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available to the Department of Defense may be used 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and ending on December 31, 2014, to execute--
            (1) the separation of the National Intelligence Program 
        budget from the Department of Defense budget;
            (2) the consolidation of the National Intelligence Program 
        budget within the Department of Defense budget; or
            (3) the establishment of a new appropriations account or 
        appropriations account structure for the National Intelligence 
        Program budget.
    (b) Briefing Requirement.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Director of 
National Intelligence shall jointly provide to the congressional 
defense committees, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
the House of Representatives, and the Select Committee on Intelligence 
of the Senate a briefing regarding any planning relating to the future 
execution of the activities described in subsection (a) that has 
occurred during the two-year period ending on such date and any 
anticipated future planning relating to such execution or related 
efforts.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) National intelligence program.--The term ``National 
        Intelligence Program'' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
        3003).
            (2) National intelligence program budget.--The term 
        ``National Intelligence Program budget'' means the portions of 
        the Department of Defense budget designated as part of the 
        National Intelligence Program.

                 Subtitle D--Cyberspace-Related Matters

SEC. 931. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR INVENTORY OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE TACTICAL DATA LINK SYSTEMS.

    Section 934(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (10 U.S.C. 2225 note; Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1885) is amended by inserting ``and an assessment of vulnerabilities to 
such systems in anti-access or area-denial environments'' before the 
semicolon.

SEC. 932. DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD ASSESSMENT OF UNITED STATES CYBER 
              COMMAND.

    (a) Assessment.--The Defense Science Board shall conduct an 
assessment of the organization, missions, and authorities of the United 
States Cyber Command.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A review of the existing organizational structure of 
        the United States Cyber Command, including--
                    (A) the positive and negative impact on the Command 
                resulting from a single individual simultaneously 
                serving as the Commander of the United States Cyber 
                Command and the Director of the National Security 
                Agency;
                    (B) the oversight activities undertaken by the 
                Commander and the Director with regard to the Command 
                and the Agency, respectively, including how the 
                respective oversight activities affect the ability of 
                each entity to complete the respective missions of such 
                entity;
                    (C) the dependencies of the Command and the Agency 
                on one another under the existing management structure 
                of both entities, including an examination of the 
                advantages and disadvantages attributable to the unity 
                of command and unity of effort resulting from a single 
                individual simultaneously serving as the Commander of 
                the United States Cyber Command and the Director of the 
                National Security Agency;
                    (D) the ability of the existing management 
                structure of the Command and the Agency to identify and 
                adequately address potential conflicts of interest 
                between the roles of the Commander of the United States 
                Cyber Command and the Director of the National Security 
                Agency; and
                    (E) the ability of the Department of Defense to 
                train and develop, through professional assignment, 
                individuals with the appropriate subject-matter 
                expertise and management experience to support both the 
                cyber operations missions of the Command and the 
                signals intelligence missions of the Agency.
            (2) A review of the missions of the Command, including 
        whether the reliance of the Command on the Agency for critical 
        warfighting infrastructure, organization, and personnel 
        contributes to or detracts from the ability of the Command to 
        achieve the missions of the Command.
            (3) A review of how the Commander of the United States 
        Cyber Command and the Director of the National Security Agency 
        implement authorities where missions intersect to ensure that 
        the activities of each entity are conducted only pursuant to 
        the respective authorities of each entity.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 300 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Defense Science Board 
        shall submit to the Secretary of Defense, the Director of 
        National Intelligence, the congressional defense committees, 
        the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
        the Senate a report containing--
                    (A) the results of the assessment required by 
                subsection (a); and
                    (B) recommendations for improvements or changes to 
                the organization, missions, or authorities of the 
                United States Cyber Command.
            (2) Additional evaluation required.--Not later than 60 days 
        after the date on which the committees referred to in paragraph 
        (1) receive the report required by such paragraph, the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Director of National Intelligence 
        shall jointly submit to such committees an evaluation of the 
        findings and recommendations contained in such report.
            (3) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
    (d) Intelligence Community Defined.--In this section, the term 
``intelligence community'' has the meaning given the term in section 
3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4)).

SEC. 933. MISSION ANALYSIS FOR CYBER OPERATIONS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) Mission Analysis Required.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a mission analysis of the cyber operations of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The mission analysis under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) The concept of operations and concept of employment for 
        cyber operations forces.
            (2) An assessment of the manpower needs for cyber 
        operations forces, including military requirements for both 
        active and reserve components and civilian requirements.
            (3) An assessment of the mechanisms for improving 
        recruitment, retention, and management of cyber operations 
        forces, including through focused recruiting; educational, 
        training, or certification scholarships; bonuses; or the use of 
        short-term or virtual deployments without the need for 
        permanent relocation.
            (4) A description of the alignment of the organization and 
        reporting chains of the Department, the military departments, 
        and the combatant commands.
            (5) An assessment of the current, as of the date of the 
        analysis, and projected equipping needs of cyber operations 
        forces.
            (6) An analysis of how the Secretary, for purposes of cyber 
        operations, depends upon organizations outside of the 
        Department, including industry and international partners.
            (7) Methods for ensuring resilience, mission assurance, and 
        continuity of operations for cyber operations.
            (8) An evaluation of the potential roles of the reserve 
        components in the concept of operations and concept of 
        employment for cyber operations forces required under paragraph 
        (1).
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the completion 
of the mission analysis under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing--
            (1) the results of the mission analysis; and
            (2) recommendations for improving or changing the roles, 
        organization, missions, concept of operations, or authorities 
        related to the cyber operations of the Department.
    (d) National Guard Assessment.--Not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary submits the report required under 
subsection (c), the Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees an assessment of the role of the 
National Guard in supporting the cyber operations mission of the 
Department of Defense as such mission is described in such report.
    (e) Form.--The report under subsection (c) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 934. NOTIFICATION OF INVESTIGATIONS RELATED TO COMPROMISE OF 
              CRITICAL PROGRAM INFORMATION.

    (a) Notification of Investigation Initiation.--
            (1) Notification.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the initiation of any investigation related to the potential 
        compromise of Department of Defense critical program 
        information related to a weapons system or other developmental 
        activity, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a written notification of such 
        investigation including the elements required under paragraph 
        (2).
            (2) Elements.--The written notification required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include, with respect to an investigation 
        described in such subsection, the following elements:
                    (A) A statement of the reason for such 
                investigation.
                    (B) An identification of each party affected by 
                such investigation.
                    (C) An identification of the party responsible for 
                conducting such investigation.
                    (D) Any preliminary observations, findings, or 
                recommendations related to such investigation.
                    (E) A timeline and methodology for conducting such 
                investigation.
    (b) Notification of Completion of Certain Investigations.--Not 
later than 30 days after the date of the completion of any 
investigation conducted or overseen by the Damage Assessment Management 
Office of the Department of Defense, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a written notification 
of such investigation, including a summary of the findings and 
recommendations of such investigation, an estimate of the economic 
losses from the intrusion, and any additional actions needed to improve 
the protection of intellectual property.
    (c) Report on Intrusions After January 1, 2000.--Not later than 60 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
detailing the known network cyber intrusions that occurred on or after 
January 1, 2000, and before August 1, 2013, and resulted in the 
compromise of critical program information related to a weapons system, 
information system development, or another research and development 
initiative of the Department of Defense. Such report shall include a 
description of the critical program information that was compromised, 
the source of each network that was compromised, the systems or 
developmental activities that were compromised, an estimate of the 
economic losses from the intrusion, and the suspected origin of each 
cyber intrusion.

SEC. 935. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO THE SOFTWARE LICENSES OF 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Updated Plan.--
            (1) Update.--The Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of the Defense shall, in consultation with the chief 
        information officers of the military departments and the 
        Defense Agencies, update the plan for the inventory of selected 
        software licenses of the Department of Defense required under 
        section 937 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 2013 
        (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note) to include a plan for 
        the inventory of all software licenses of the Department of 
        Defense for which a military department spends more than 
        $5,000,000 annually on any individual title, including a 
        comparison of licenses purchased with licenses installed and of 
        those uninstalled and then reinstalled.
            (2) Elements.--The update required under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    (A) be done in a comprehensive and auditable format 
                that is verified by an independent third party;
                    (B) include details on the process and business 
                systems necessary to regularly perform reviews, a 
                procedure for validating and reporting deregistering 
                and registering new software, and a mechanism and plan 
                to relay that information to the enterprise provider; 
                and
                    (C) a proposed timeline for implementation of the 
                updated plan in accordance with paragraph (3).
            (3) Implementation.--Not later than September 30, 2013, the 
        Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall 
        implement the updated plan required under paragraph (1).
    (b) Performance Plan.--If the Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense determines through the update required by 
subsection (a) that the number of software licenses of the Department 
for an individual title for which a military department spends greater 
than $5,000,000 annually exceeds the needs of the Department for such 
software licenses, or the inventory discloses that there is a 
discrepancy between the number of software licenses purchased and those 
in actual use, the Secretary of Defense shall implement a plan to bring 
the number of such software licenses into balance with the needs of the 
Department and the terms of any relevant contract.

SEC. 936. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR COLLABORATIVE 
              CYBERSECURITY ACTIVITIES WITH CHINA.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
used for collaborative cybersecurity activities with the People's 
Republic of China or any entity owned or controlled by China, including 
cybersecurity war games, cybersecurity working groups, the exchange of 
classified cybersecurity technologies or methods, and the exchange of 
procedures for investigating cyber intrusions.

SEC. 937. SMALL BUSINESS CYBERSECURITY SOLUTIONS OFFICE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit a report 
to the Congress on the feasibility of establishing a small business 
cyber technology office to assist small business concerns in providing 
cybersecurity solutions to the Federal Government.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``small business 
concern'' has the meaning given such term in section 3 of the Small 
Business Act.

SEC. 938. SMALL BUSINESS CYBER EDUCATION.

    The Secretary of Defense shall establish an outreach and education 
program to assist small businesses (as defined in section 3 of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)) contracted by the Department of 
Defense to assist such businesses to--
            (1) understand the gravity and scope of cyber threats;
            (2) develop a plan to protect intellectual property; and
            (3) develop a plan to protect the networks of such 
        businesses.

                   Subtitle E--Total Force Management

SEC. 941. REQUIREMENT TO ENSURE SUFFICIENT LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT 
              OVERSIGHT OF FUNCTIONS CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH INHERENTLY 
              GOVERNMENTAL FUNCTIONS.

    (a) Requirement.--Section 129a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Requirement for Oversight or Appropriate Corrective 
Actions.--For purposes of subsection (f)(3)(B), if insufficient levels 
of Government oversight are found, the Secretary of the military 
department or head of the Defense Agency responsible shall provide such 
oversight or take appropriate corrective actions, including potential 
conversion to Government performance, consistent with this section and 
sections 129 and 2463 of this title.''.
    (b) Amendment Relating to Review of Certain Contracts.--Subsection 
(e)(2)(C) of section 2330a of such title is amended by adding after 
``governmental functions'' the following: ``in which there is 
inadequate oversight of the contractor personnel performing such 
functions''.

SEC. 942. FIVE-YEAR REQUIREMENT FOR CERTIFICATION OF APPROPRIATE 
              MANPOWER PERFORMANCE.

    Section 2330a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        section (g):
    ``(g) Certifications of Appropriate Manpower Performance.--(1) 
Beginning in fiscal year 2014 and continuing through fiscal year 2018, 
the Secretary of Defense, or an official designated personally by the 
Secretary, no later than February 1 of each reporting year, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees the findings of the 
reviews required under subsection (e) and certify in writing that--
            ``(A) all Department of Defense contractor positions 
        identified as being responsible for the performance of 
        inherently governmental functions have been eliminated;
            ``(B) each Department of Defense contract that is a 
        personal services contract has been entered into, and is being 
        performed, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations; 
        and
            ``(C) any contract for services that includes any functions 
        that are closely associated with inherently governmental 
        functions or designated as critical have been reviewed to 
        determine if those activities should be--
                    ``(i) subject to action pursuant to section 2463 of 
                this title; or
                    ``(ii) converted to an acquisition approach that 
                would be more advantageous to the Department of 
                Defense.
    ``(2) If the certifications required in paragraph (1) are not 
submitted by the date required in a reporting year, the Inspector 
General of the Department of Defense shall assess the Department's 
compliance with subsection (e) and determine why the Secretary could 
not make the certifications required in paragraph (1). The Inspector 
General shall submit to the congressional defense committees, not later 
than May 1 of the reporting year, a report on such assessment and 
determination.
    ``(3) Not later than May 1 of each reporting year, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing the Comptroller General's assessment of 
the reviews conducted under subsection (e) and the actions taken to 
resolve the findings of the reviews.''.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this division for 
        fiscal year 2014 between any such authorizations for that 
        fiscal year (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of 
        authorizations so transferred shall be merged with and be 
        available for the same purposes as the authorization to which 
        transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
        under the authority of this section may not exceed 
        $3,500,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
        authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
        authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

SEC. 1002. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional 
Record by the Chairman of the Committee on the Budget of the House of 
Representatives, as long as such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage of this Act.

SEC. 1003. AUDIT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FISCAL YEAR 2018 FINANCIAL 
              STATEMENTS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) reaffirms the findings of the Panel on Defense 
        Financial Management and Auditability Reform of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives;
            (2) points to the Government Accountability Office's most 
        recent High Risk List recommendations;
            (3) is encouraged by the important progress the Department 
        of Defense has made in achieving auditability; and
            (4) stands ready to continue helping in this effort.
    (b) Sense of Congress on DOD Financial Management Reform.--It is 
the sense of Congress that, in the aftermath of the effects of 
sequestration as enacted by the Budget Control Act of 2011 (Public Law 
112-25), financial management reform is imperative, and the Department 
of Defense should place continued importance on, and remain vigilant 
in, its financial management reform efforts.
    (c) Audit of DOD Financial Statements.--In addition to the 
requirement under section 1003(a)(2)(A)(ii) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 
2222 note) that the Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness Plan 
describe specific actions to be taken and the costs associated with 
ensuring that the financial statements of the Department of Defense are 
validated as ready for audit by not later than September 30, 2017, upon 
the conclusion of fiscal year 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that a full audit is performed on the financial statements of 
the Department of Defense for such fiscal year. The Secretary shall 
submit to Congress the results of that audit by not later than March 
31, 2019.

SEC. 1004. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER FUNDS TO THE NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY 
              ADMINISTRATION TO SUSTAIN NUCLEAR WEAPONS MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Transfer Authorized.--If the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for the weapons activities of the National Nuclear 
Security Administration under section 3101 or otherwise made available 
for fiscal year 2014 is less than $8,400,000,000 (the amount projected 
to be required for such activities in fiscal year 2014 as specified in 
the report under section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2549)), the 
Secretary of Defense may transfer, from amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2014 
pursuant to this Act, to the Secretary of Energy an amount, not to 
exceed $150,000,000, to be available only for weapons activities of the 
National Nuclear Security Administration.
    (b) Notice to Congress.--In the event of a transfer under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall promptly notify Congress 
of the transfer, and shall include in such notice the Department of 
Defense account or accounts from which funds are transferred.
    (c) Transfer Mechanism.--Any funds transferred under this section 
shall be transferred in accordance with established procedures for 
reprogramming under section 1001 or successor provisions of law.
    (d) Construction of Authority.--The transfer authority provided 
under subsection (a) is in addition to any other transfer authority 
provided under this Act.

                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT UNIFIED COUNTER-DRUG AND 
              COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN COLOMBIA.

    Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 2042), as most 
recently amended by section 1010 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1907), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
        ``2014''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2013'' and inserting 
        ``2014''.

SEC. 1012. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT TASK FORCES TO PROVIDE 
              SUPPORT TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES CONDUCTING COUNTER-
              TERRORISM ACTIVITIES.

    Section 1022(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 117 Stat. 1594; 10 U.S.C. 371 
note), as most recently amended by section 1011 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1907) is amended by striking ``2013'' and inserting ``2014''.

SEC. 1013. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL 
              SUPPORT FOR COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES OF CERTAIN FOREIGN 
              GOVERNMENTS.

    Subsection (a)(2) of section 1033 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 111 Stat. 
1881), as most recently amended by section 1006(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
Stat. 1557), is amended by striking ``2013'' and inserting ``2015''.

SEC. 1014. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE NATIONAL GUARD COUNTER-
              NARCOTIC PROGRAM.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the National Guard Counter-Narcotic Program is a 
        valuable tool to counter-drug operations across the United 
        States, especially on the southwest border;
            (2) the National Guard has an important role in combating 
        drug trafficking into the United States; and
            (3) the program should received continued funding.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1021. CLARIFICATION OF SOLE OWNERSHIP RESULTING FROM SHIP 
              DONATIONS AT NO COST TO THE NAVY.

    (a) Clarification of Transfer Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 
7306 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Authority to Make Transfer.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
convey, by donation, all right, title, and interest to any vessel 
stricken from the Naval Vessel Register or any captured vessel, for use 
as a museum or memorial for public display in the United States, to--
            ``(1) any State, the District of Columbia, any Commonwealth 
        or possession of the United States, or any municipal 
        corporation or political subdivision thereof; or
            ``(2) any nonprofit entity.''.
    (b) Clarification of Limitations on Liability and Responsibility.--
Subsection (b) of such section is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Limitations on Liability and Responsibility.--(1) The United 
States and all departments and agencies thereof, and their officers and 
employees, shall not be liable at law or in equity for any injury or 
damage to any person or property occurring on a vessel donated under 
this section.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding any other law, the United States and all 
departments and agencies thereof, and their officers and employees, 
shall have no responsibility or obligation to make, engage in, or 
provide funding for, any improvement, upgrade, modification, 
maintenance, preservation, or repair to a vessel donated under this 
section.''.
    (c) Clarification That Transfers to Be Made at No Cost to United 
States.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by inserting after 
``under this section'' the following: ``, the maintenance and 
preservation of that vessel as a museum or memorial, and the ultimate 
disposal of that vessel, including demilitarization of Munitions List 
items at the end of the useful life of the vessel as a museum or 
memorial,''.
    (d) Application of Environmental Laws; Definitions.--Such section 
is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(e) Application of Environmental Laws.--Nothing in this section 
shall affect the applicability of Federal, State, interstate, and local 
environmental laws and regulations, including the Toxic Substances 
Control Act (15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) and the Comprehensive 
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
U.S.C. 9601 et seq.), to the Department of Defense or to a donee.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `nonprofit entity' means any entity 
        qualifying as an exempt organization under section 501(c)(3) of 
        the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
            ``(2) The term `Munitions List' means the United States 
        Munitions List created and controlled under section 38 of the 
        Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778).
            ``(3) The term `donee' means any entity receiving a vessel 
        pursuant to subsection (a).''.
    (e) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 7306. Vessels stricken from Naval Vessel Register; captured 
              vessels: conveyance by donation''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The item relating to such section 
        in the table of sections at the beginning of chapter 633 of 
        such title is amended to read as follows:

``7306. Vessels stricken from Naval Vessel Register; captured vessels: 
                            conveyance by donation.''''.

SEC. 1022. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR INACTIVATION OF 
              TICONDEROGA CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK LANDING SHIPS.

    (a) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), none 
        of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for the 
        Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to retire, 
        prepare to retire, inactivate, or place in storage a cruiser or 
        dock landing ship.
            (2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the funds 
        referred to in such subsection may be obligated or expended to 
        retire the U.S.S. Denver, LPD9.
    (b) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations for such purpose, the Secretary of Defense may 
        transfer amounts of authorizations made available to the 
        Department of Defense for fiscal year 2013 specifically for the 
        modernization of vessels referred to in subsection (a)(1). 
        Amounts of authorizations so transferred shall be merged with 
        and be available for the same purposes as the authorization to 
        which transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--The total amount of authorizations that 
        the Secretary may transfer under the authority of this 
        subsection may not exceed $914,676,000.
            (3) Additional authority.--The transfer authority provided 
        by this subsection is in addition to the transfer authority 
        provided under section 1001 of this Act and under section 1001 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
        (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1902).

SEC. 1023. REPAIR OF VESSELS IN FOREIGN SHIPYARDS.

    (a) Nonhomeported Vessels.--Subsection (a) of section 7310 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``A naval'' and inserting ``(1) A naval''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) For purposes of this section, a naval vessel that does not 
have a designated homeport shall be treated as being homeported in the 
United States or Guam.''.
    (b) Voyage Repair.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(3)(C), by striking ``as defined in 
        Commander Military Sealift Command Instruction 4700.15C 
        (September 13, 2007) or Joint Fleet Maintenance Manual 
        (Commander Fleet Forces Command Instruction 4790.3 Revision A, 
        Change 7), Volume III''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Voyage Repair Defined.--In this section, the term `voyage 
repair' has the meaning given such term in Navy Instruction 
COMFLTFORCOMINST 4790.3B.''.

SEC. 1024. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING A BALANCED FUTURE NAVAL FORCE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The battle force of the Navy must be sufficiently sized 
        and balanced in capability to meet current and anticipated 
        future national security objectives.
            (2) A robust and balanced naval force is required for the 
        Department of Defense to fully execute the President's National 
        Security Strategy.
            (3) To develop and sustain required capabilities the Navy 
        must balance investment and maintenance costs across various 
        ship types, including--
                    (A) aircraft carriers;
                    (B) surface combatants;
                    (C) submarines;
                    (D) amphibious assault ships; and
                    (E) other auxiliary vessels, including support 
                vessels operated by the Military Sealift Command.
            (4) Despite a Marine Corps requirement for 38 amphibious 
        assault ships, the Navy possesses only 30 amphibious assault 
        ships with an average of 22 ships available for surge 
        deployment.
            (5) The inadequate level of investment in Navy shipbuilding 
        over the last 20 years has resulted in--
                    (A) a fragile shipbuilding industrial base, both in 
                the construction yards and secondary suppliers of 
                materiel and equipment; and
                    (B) increased costs per vessel stemming from low 
                production volume.
            (6) The Department of Defense, Military Construction and 
        Veterans Affairs, and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2013 provided $263,000,000 towards the advance 
        procurement of materiel and equipment required to continue the 
        San Antonio LPD 17 amphibious transport dock class to a total 
        of 12 ships, a key first step in rebalancing the amphibious 
        assault ship force structure.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the Sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Department of Defense and the Department of the 
        Navy must prioritize funding towards increased shipbuilding 
        rates to enable the Navy to meet the full-range of combatant 
        commander requests;
            (2) the Department of the Navy's future budget requests and 
        the Long Range Plan for the Construction of Naval Forces must 
        realistically anticipate and reflect the true investment 
        necessary to meet stated force structure goals;
            (3) without modification to Long Range Plan for the 
        Construction of Naval Forces shipbuilding plan, the future of 
        the industrial base that enables construction of large, combat-
        survivable amphibious assault ships is at significant risk; and
            (4) the Department of Defense and Congress should act 
        expeditiously to restore the force structure and capability 
        balance of the Navy fleet as quickly as possible.

SEC. 1025. AUTHORITY FOR SHORT-TERM EXTENSION OR RENEWAL OF LEASES FOR 
              VESSELS SUPPORTING THE TRANSIT PROTECTION SYSTEM ESCORT 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 2401 of title 10, United 
States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may extend or renew the lease of 
not more than four blocking vessels supporting the Transit Protection 
System Escort Program after the date of the expiration of the lease of 
such vessels, as in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act. 
Such an extension shall be for a term that is the shorter of--
            (1) the period beginning on the date of the expiration of 
        the lease in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act 
        and ending on the date on which the Secretary determines that a 
        substitute is available for the capabilities provided by the 
        lease, or that the capabilities provided by the vessel are no 
        longer required; or
            (2) 180 days.
    (b) Funding.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated by section 301 
and available for operation and maintenance, Navy, as specified in the 
funding tables in section 4301, may be available for the extension or 
renewal of a lease under subsection (a).
    (c) Notice to Congress.--Prior to extending or renewing a lease 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees notification of the proposed extension 
or renewal. Such notification shall include--
            (1) a detailed description of the term of the proposed 
        contract for the extension or renewal of the lease and a 
        justification for extending or renewing the lease rather than 
        obtaining the capability provided for by the lease, charter, or 
        services involved through purchase of the vessel; and
            (2) a plan for meeting the capability provided for by the 
        lease upon the completion of the term of the lease contract, as 
        extended or renewed under subsection (a).

SEC. 1026. REPORT COMPARING COSTS OF DDG 1000 AND DDG 51 FLIGHT III 
              SHIPS.

    Not later than March 15, 2014, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report providing an 
updated comparison of the costs and risks of acquiring DDG 1000 and DDG 
51 Flight III vessels equipped for enhanced ballistic missile defense 
capability. The report shall include each of the following:
            (1) An updated estimate of the total cost to develop, 
        procure, operate, and support ballistic missile defense capable 
        DDG 1000 destroyers equipped with the air and missile defense 
        radar that would be procured in addition to the three prior-
        year-funded DDG 1000 class ships, and in lieu of Flight III 
        DDG-51 destroyers.
            (2) The estimate of the Secretary of the total cost of the 
        current plan to develop, procure, operate, and support Flight 
        III DDG 51 destroyers.
            (3) Details on the assumed ballistic missile defense 
        requirements and construction schedules for both the DDG 1000 
        and DDG 51 Flight III destroyers referred to in paragraphs (1) 
        and (2), respectively.
            (4) An updated comparison of the program risks and the 
        resulting ship capabilities in all dimensions (not just 
        ballistic missile defense) of the options referred to in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2).
            (5) Any other information the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

SEC. 1027. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ESTABLISHMENT OF AN ADVISORY BOARD ON 
              TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND WORKER HEALTH.

    It is the sense of Congress that the President should establish an 
Advisory Board on Toxic Substances and Worker Health, as described in 
the report of the Comptroller General of the United States titled 
``Energy Employees Compensation: Additional Independent Oversight and 
Transparency Would Improve Program's Credibility'', numbered GAO-10-
302, to--
            (1) advise the President concerning the review and approval 
        of the Department of Labor site exposure matrix;
            (2) conduct periodic peer reviews of, and approve, medical 
        guidance for part E claims examiners with respect to the 
        weighing of a claimant's medical evidence;
            (3) obtain periodic expert review of evidentiary 
        requirements for part B claims related to lung disease 
        regardless of approval;
            (4) provide oversight over industrial hygienists, 
        Department of Labor staff physicians, and Department of Labor's 
        consulting physicians and their reports to ensure quality, 
        objectivity, and consistency; and
            (5) coordinate exchanges of data and findings with the 
        Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health to the extent 
        necessary (under section 3624 the Energy Employees Occupational 
        Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 7384o).

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1030. CLARIFICATION OF PROCEDURES FOR USE OF ALTERNATE MEMBERS ON 
              MILITARY COMMISSIONS.

    (a) Primary and Alternate Members.--
            (1) Number of members.--Subsection (a) of section 948m of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``at least five members'' 
                        and inserting ``at least five primary members 
                        and as many alternate members as the convening 
                        authority shall detail''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        sentence: ``Alternate members shall be 
                        designated in the order in which they will 
                        replace an excused primary member.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``primary'' 
                after ``the number of''.
            (2) General rules.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsection (b) and (c) as 
                subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
                new subsections (b) and (c):
    ``(b) Primary Members.--Primary members of a military commission 
under this chapter are voting members.
    ``(c) Alternate Members.--(1) A military commission may include 
alternate members to replace primary members who are excused from 
service on the commission.
    ``(2) Whenever a primary member is excused from service on the 
commission, an alternate member, if available, shall replace the 
excused primary member and the trial may proceed.''.
            (3) Excuse of members.--Subsection (d) of such section, as 
        redesignated by paragraph (2)(A), is amended--
                    (A) in the matter before paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``primary or alternate'' before ``member'';
                    (B) by striking ``or'' at the end of paragraph (2);
                    (C) by striking the period at the end of paragraph 
                (3) and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) in the case of an alternate member, in order to 
        reduce the number of alternate members required for service on 
        the commission, as determined by the convening authority.''.
            (4) Absent and additional members.--Subsection (e) of such 
        section, as redesignated by paragraph (2)(A), is amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence--
                            (i) by inserting ``the number of primary 
                        members of'' after ``Whenever'';
                            (ii) by inserting ``primary'' before 
                        ``members required by''; and
                            (iii) by inserting ``and there are no 
                        remaining alternate members to replace the 
                        excused primary members'' after ``subsection 
                        (a)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                sentence: ``An alternate member who was present for the 
                introduction of all evidence shall not be considered to 
                be a new or additional member.''.
    (b) Challenges.--Section 949f of such title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``primary or 
        alternate'' before ``member''; and
            (2) by adding at the end of subsection (b) the following 
        new sentence: ``Nothing in this section prohibits the military 
        judge from awarding to each party such additional peremptory 
        challenges as may be required in the interests of justice.''.
    (c) Number of Votes Required.--Section 949m of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``primary'' before ``members'' each place 
        it appears; and
            (2) by adding at the end of subsection (b) the following 
        new paragraph:
    ``(4) The primary members present for a vote on a sentence need not 
be the same primary members who voted on the conviction if the 
requirements of section 948m(d) of this title are met.''.

SEC. 1031. MODIFICATION OF REGIONAL DEFENSE COMBATING TERRORISM 
              FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM REPORTING REQUIREMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 2249c(c) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, including engagement 
        activities for program alumni,'' after ``effectiveness of the 
        program'';
            (2) in paragraph (4), by inserting after ``program'' the 
        following: ``, including a list of any unfunded or unmet 
        training requirements and requests''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) A discussion and justification of how the program 
        fits within the theater security priorities of each of the 
        commanders of the geographic combatant commands.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to a report submitted for a fiscal year beginning 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1032. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
              FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES 
              TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
              BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available to the Department of Defense may be used 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and ending on December 31, 2014, to construct or modify any facility in 
the United States, its territories, or possessions to house any 
individual detained at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or 
imprisonment in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
Defense unless authorized by Congress.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to any modification of facilities at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 1033(f)(2).

SEC. 1033. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTIFICATIONS RELATING TO THE TRANSFER OF 
              DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
              CUBA, TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND OTHER FOREIGN ENTITIES.

    (a) Certification Required Prior to Transfer.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and 
        subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense may not use any 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise available to 
        the Department of Defense to transfer, during the period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending 
        on December 31, 2014, any individual detained at Guantanamo to 
        the custody or control of the individual's country of origin, 
        any other foreign country, or any other foreign entity unless 
        the Secretary submits to Congress the certification described 
        in subsection (b) not later than 30 days before the transfer of 
        the individual.
            (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any action 
        taken by the Secretary to transfer any individual detained at 
        Guantanamo to effectuate an order affecting the disposition of 
        the individual that is issued by a court or competent tribunal 
        of the United States having lawful jurisdiction (which the 
        Secretary shall notify Congress of promptly after issuance).
    (b) Certification.--A certification described in this subsection is 
a written certification made by the Secretary of Defense, with the 
concurrence of the Secretary of State and in consultation with the 
Director of National Intelligence, that--
            (1) the government of the foreign country or the recognized 
        leadership of the foreign entity to which the individual 
        detained at Guantanamo is to be transferred--
                    (A) is not a designated state sponsor of terrorism 
                or a designated foreign terrorist organization;
                    (B) maintains control over each detention facility 
                in which the individual is to be detained if the 
                individual is to be housed in a detention facility;
                    (C) is not, as of the date of the certification, 
                facing a threat that is likely to substantially affect 
                its ability to exercise control over the individual;
                    (D) has taken or agreed to take effective actions 
                to ensure that the individual cannot take action to 
                threaten the United States, its citizens, or its allies 
                in the future;
                    (E) has taken or agreed to take such actions as the 
                Secretary of Defense determines are necessary to ensure 
                that the individual cannot engage or reengage in any 
                terrorist activity; and
                    (F) has agreed to share with the United States any 
                information that--
                            (i) is related to the individual or any 
                        associates of the individual; and
                            (ii) could affect the security of the 
                        United States, its citizens, or its allies; and
            (2) includes an assessment, in classified or unclassified 
        form, of the capacity, willingness, and past practices (if 
        applicable) of the foreign country or entity in relation to the 
        Secretary's certifications.
    (c) Prohibition in Cases of Prior Confirmed Recidivism.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and 
        subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense may not use any 
        amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
        available to the Department of Defense to transfer any 
        individual detained at Guantanamo to the custody or control of 
        the individual's country of origin, any other foreign country, 
        or any other foreign entity if there is a confirmed case of any 
        individual who was detained at United States Naval Station, 
        Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, at any time after September 11, 2001, who 
        was transferred to such foreign country or entity and 
        subsequently engaged in any terrorist activity.
            (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any action 
        taken by the Secretary to transfer any individual detained at 
        Guantanamo to effectuate an order affecting the disposition of 
        the individual that is issued by a court or competent tribunal 
        of the United States having lawful jurisdiction (which the 
        Secretary shall notify Congress of promptly after issuance).
    (d) National Security Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
        applicability to a detainee transfer of a certification 
        requirement specified in subparagraph (D) or (E) of subsection 
        (b)(1) or the prohibition in subsection (c), if the Secretary 
        certifies the rest of the criteria required by subsection (b) 
        for transfers prohibited by subsection (c) and, with the 
        concurrence of the Secretary of State and in consultation with 
        the Director of National Intelligence, determines that--
                    (A) alternative actions will be taken to address 
                the underlying purpose of the requirement or 
                requirements to be waived;
                    (B) in the case of a waiver of subparagraph (D) or 
                (E) of subsection (b)(1), it is not possible to certify 
                that the risks addressed in the paragraph to be waived 
                have been completely eliminated, but the actions to be 
                taken under subparagraph (A) will substantially 
                mitigate such risks with regard to the individual to be 
                transferred;
                    (C) in the case of a waiver of subsection (c), the 
                Secretary has considered any confirmed case in which an 
                individual who was transferred to the country 
                subsequently engaged in terrorist activity, and the 
                actions to be taken under subparagraph (A) will 
                substantially mitigate the risk of recidivism with 
                regard to the individual to be transferred; and
                    (D) the transfer is in the national security 
                interests of the United States.
            (2) Reports.--Whenever the Secretary makes a determination 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress, not later than 30 days 
        before the transfer of the individual concerned, the following:
                    (A) A copy of the determination and the waiver 
                concerned.
                    (B) A statement of the basis for the determination, 
                including--
                            (i) an explanation why the transfer is in 
                        the national security interests of the United 
                        States;
                            (ii) in the case of a waiver of 
                        subparagraph (D) or (E) of subsection (b)(1), 
                        an explanation why it is not possible to 
                        certify that the risks addressed in the 
                        paragraph to be waived have been completely 
                        eliminated; and
                            (iii) a classified summary of--
                                    (I) the individual's record of 
                                cooperation while in the custody of or 
                                under the effective control of the 
                                Department of Defense; and
                                    (II) the agreements and mechanisms 
                                in place to provide for continuing 
                                cooperation.
                    (C) A summary of the alternative actions to be 
                taken to address the underlying purpose of, and to 
                mitigate the risks addressed in, the paragraph or 
                subsection to be waived.
                    (D) The assessment required by subsection (b)(2).
    (e) Record of Cooperation.--In assessing the risk that an 
individual detained at Guantanamo will engage in terrorist activity or 
other actions that could affect the security of the United States if 
released for the purpose of making a certification under subsection (b) 
or a waiver under subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense may give 
favorable consideration to any such individual--
            (1) who has substantially cooperated with United States 
        intelligence and law enforcement authorities, pursuant to a 
        pre-trial agreement, while in the custody of or under the 
        effective control of the Department of Defense; and
            (2) for whom agreements and effective mechanisms are in 
        place, to the extent relevant and necessary, to provide for 
        continued cooperation with United States intelligence and law 
        enforcement authorities.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Relations, 
                and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; 
                and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, 
                and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
                the House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means 
        any individual located at United States Naval Station, 
        Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
                    (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a 
                member of the Armed Forces of the United States; and
                    (B) is--
                            (i) in the custody or under the control of 
                        the Department of Defense; or
                            (ii) otherwise under detention at United 
                        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
            (3) The term ``foreign terrorist organization'' means any 
        organization so designated by the Secretary of State under 
        section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1189).

SEC. 1034. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR THE TRANSFER OR RELEASE 
              OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
              GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available to the Department of Defense may be used during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2014, to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release to or within the United States, its territories, or possessions 
of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed or any other detainee who--
            (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
        Forces of the United States; and
            (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department 
        of Defense.

SEC. 1035. UNCLASSIFIED SUMMARY OF INFORMATION RELATING TO INDIVIDUALS 
              DETAINED AT PARWAN, AFGHANISTAN.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall make publicly available an 
unclassified summary of information relating to the individuals 
detained by the Department of Defense at the Detention Facility at 
Parwan, Afghanistan, pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military 
Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note) who have been determined 
to represent an enduring security threat to the United States. Such 
summary shall cover any individual detained at such facility as of the 
date of the enactment of this Act and any individual so detained during 
the two-year period preceding the date of the enactment of this Act. 
Such summary shall include for each such covered individual--
            (1) a description of the relevant organization or 
        organizations with which the individual is affiliated;
            (2) whether the individual had ever been in the custody or 
        under the effective control of the United States at any time 
        before being detained at such facility and, if so, where the 
        individual had been in such custody or under such effective 
        control; and
            (3) whether the individual has been directly linked to the 
        death of any member of the United States Armed Forces or any 
        United States Government employee.

SEC. 1036. ASSESSMENT OF AFFILIATES AND ADHERENTS OF AL-QAEDA OUTSIDE 
              THE UNITED STATES.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the President, acting through the Secretary of Defense, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives an assessment containing each of the 
following:
            (1) An identification of any group operating outside the 
        United States that is an affiliate or adherent of, or otherwise 
        related to, al-Qaeda.
            (2) A summary of relevant information relating to each such 
        group, including--
                    (A) the extent to which members or leaders of the 
                group have--
                            (i) conducted or planned to conduct lethal 
                        or significant operations outside the borders 
                        of the state or states in which the group 
                        ordinarily operates;
                            (ii) conducted fundraising or recruiting 
                        outside the borders of such state or states; 
                        and
                            (iii) have demonstrated any interest in 
                        conducting activities described in clauses (i) 
                        and (ii) outside the borders of such state or 
                        states;
                    (B) the extent to which the connection of the group 
                to the senior leadership of al-Qaeda has changed over 
                time; and
                    (C) whether the group has attacked or planned to 
                purposefully attack United States citizens, members of 
                Armed Forces of the United States, or other 
                representatives of the United States, or is likely to 
                do so in the future.
            (3) An assessment of whether each group is part of or 
        substantially supporting al-Qaeda or the Taliban, or 
        constitutes an associated force that is engaged in hostilities 
        against the United States or its coalition partners for 
        purposes of interpreting the scope of section 2 of the 
        Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 115 
        Stat. 224; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note).
            (4) The criteria used to determine the nature and extent of 
        each group's relationship to al-Qaeda.

SEC. 1037. DESIGNATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SENIOR OFFICIAL FOR 
              FACILITATING THE TRANSFER OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
              UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) designate a senior official of the Department of 
        Defense as the official with principal responsibility for 
        coordination and management of the transfer of individuals 
        detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; 
        and
            (2) set forth the responsibilities of that senior official 
        with respect to such transfers.

SEC. 1038. RANK OF CHIEF PROSECUTOR AND CHIEF DEFENSE COUNSEL IN 
              MILITARY COMMISSIONS ESTABLISHED TO TRY INDIVIDUALS 
              DETAINED AT GUANTANAMO.

    For purposes of any military commission established under chapter 
47A of title 10, United States Code, to try an alien unprivileged enemy 
belligerent (as such terms are defined in section 948a of such title) 
who is detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
the chief defense counsel and the chief prosecutor shall have the same 
rank.

SEC. 1039. REPORT ON CAPABILITY OF YEMENI GOVERNMENT TO DETAIN, 
              REHABILITATE, AND PROSECUTE INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
              GUANTANAMO WHO ARE TRANSFERRED TO YEMEN.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly 
submit to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate a report on the capability of the 
government of Yemen to detain, rehabilitate, and prosecute individuals 
detained at Guantanamo (as such term is defined in section 1033(f)(2)) 
who are transferred to Yemen. Such report shall include an assessment 
of any humanitarian issues that may be encountered in transferring 
individuals detained at Guantanamo to Yemen.

SEC. 1040. REPORT ON ATTACHMENT OF RIGHTS TO INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
              GUANTANAMO IF TRANSFERRED TO THE UNITED STATES.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General shall jointly submit 
to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on the Judiciary 
of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
the Senate a report that includes each of the following:
            (1) A description of the extent to which an individual 
        detained at Guantanamo, if transferred to the United States, 
        could become eligible, by reason of such transfer, for--
                    (A) relief from removal from the United States, 
                including pursuant to the Convention against Torture 
                and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or 
                Punishment;
                    (B) any required release from immigration 
                detention, including pursuant to the decision of the 
                Supreme Court in Zadvydas v. Davis;
                    (C) asylum or withholding of removal; or
                    (D) any additional constitutional right.
            (2) For any right referred to in paragraph (1) for which 
        the Secretary and Attorney General determine such an individual 
        could become eligible if so transferred, a description of the 
        reasoning behind such determination and an explanation of the 
        nature of the right.

SEC. 1040A. SUMMARY OF INFORMATION RELATING TO INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
              GUANTANAMO WHO BECAME LEADERS OF FOREIGN TERRORIST 
              GROUPS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall make publicly 
available a summary of information relating to individuals who were 
formerly detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
who have, since being transferred or released from such detention, have 
become leaders or involved in the leadership structure of a foreign 
terrorist group.
    (b) Form of Summary.--The summary required under subsection (a) 
shall be in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex. The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit any such classified annex to the 
congressional defense committees.

SEC. 1040B. PROCEDURES GOVERNING UNITED STATES CITIZENS APPREHENDED 
              INSIDE THE UNITED STATES PURSUANT TO THE AUTHORIZATION 
              FOR USE OF MILITARY FORCE.

    (a) Availability of Writ of Habeas Corpus.--Nothing in the 
Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 
1541 note), or any other law, shall be construed to deny the 
availability of the writ of habeas corpus to any United States citizen 
apprehended inside the United States pursuant to the Authorization for 
Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note).
    (b) Procedures.--In any habeas proceeding brought by a United 
States citizen apprehended inside the United States pursuant to the 
Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 
1541 note), the government shall have the burden of proving by clear 
and convincing evidence that such citizen is an unprivileged enemy 
belligerent and there shall be no presumption that any evidence 
presented by the government as justification for the apprehension and 
subsequent detention is accurate and authentic.

SEC. 1040C. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR RECREATIONAL FACILITIES 
              FOR INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT GUANTANAMO.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise 
available to the Department of Defense may be used to provide 
additional or upgraded recreational facilities for individuals detained 
at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

SEC. 1040D. PROHIBITION ON TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED 
              AT GUANTANAMO TO YEMEN.

    None of the amounts authorized to be available to the Department of 
Defense may be used to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release, during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this 
Act and ending on December 31, 2014, any individual detained at 
Guantanamo (as such term is defined in section 1033(f)(2)) to the 
custody or control of the Republic of Yemen or any entity within Yemen.

               Subtitle E--Sensitive Military Operations

SEC. 1041. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF SENSITIVE MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Notification Required.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 3 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 130f. Congressional notification of sensitive military 
              operations
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall promptly submit 
to the congressional defense committees notice in writing of any 
sensitive military operation following such operation.
    ``(b) Procedures.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
submit to the congressional defense committees procedures for complying 
with the requirements of subsection (a) consistent with the national 
security of the United States and the protection of operational 
integrity.
    ``(2) The congressional defense committees shall ensure that 
committee procedures designed to protect from unauthorized disclosure 
classified information relating to national security of the United 
States are sufficient to protect the information that is submitted to 
the committees pursuant to this section.
    ``(c) Sensitive Military Operation Defined.--The term `sensitive 
military operation' means a lethal operation or capture operation 
conducted by the armed forces outside the United States pursuant to--
            ``(1) the Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public 
        Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note); or
            ``(2) any other authority except--
                    ``(A) a declaration of war; or
                    ``(B) a specific statutory authorization for the 
                use of force other than the authorization referred to 
                in paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Exception.--The notification requirement under subsection (a) 
shall not apply with respect to a sensitive military operation executed 
within the territory of Afghanistan pursuant to the Authorization for 
Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note).
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to provide any new authority or to alter or otherwise affect 
the War Powers Resolution (50 U.S.C. 1541 et seq.), the Authorization 
for Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note), or 
any requirement under the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3001 
et seq.).''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 130e the following new item:

``130f. Congressional notification regarding sensitive military 
                            operations.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Section 130f of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to any sensitive 
military operation (as defined in subsection (c) of such section) 
executed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Deadline for Submittal of Procedures.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees the procedures 
required under section 130f(b) of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a), by not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1042. REPORT ON PROCESS FOR DETERMINING TARGETS OF LETHAL 
              OPERATIONS.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing an explanation of the legal and policy 
considerations and approval processes used in determining whether an 
individual or group of individuals could be the target of a lethal 
operation or capture operation conducted by the Armed Forces of the 
United States outside the United States.

SEC. 1043. COUNTERTERRORISM OPERATIONAL BRIEFINGS.

    (a) Briefings Required.--Chapter 23 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 492. Quarterly briefings: counterterrorism operations
    ``(a) Briefings Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
to the congressional defense committees quarterly briefings outlining 
Department of Defense counterterrorism operations and related 
activities.
    ``(b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include 
each of the following:
            ``(1) A global update on activity within each geographic 
        combatant command.
            ``(2) An overview of authorities and legal issues including 
        limitations.
            ``(3) An outline of interagency activities and initiatives.
            ``(4) Any other matters the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``492. Quarterly briefings: counterterrorism operations.''.

                       Subtitle F--Nuclear Forces

SEC. 1051. PROHIBITION ON ELIMINATION OF THE NUCLEAR TRIAD.

    (a) Prohibition on Triad Reductions.--None of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2014 for the Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to 
reduce, convert, or decommission any strategic delivery system if such 
reduction, conversion, or decommissioning would eliminate a leg of the 
nuclear triad.
    (b) Nuclear Triad Defined.--The term ``nuclear triad'' means the 
nuclear deterrent capabilities of the United States composed of the 
following:
            (1) Land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles.
            (2) Submarine-launched ballistic missiles and associated 
        ballistic missile submarines.
            (3) Nuclear-certified strategic bombers.

SEC. 1052. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OF NUCLEAR 
              FORCES.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for the 
Department of Defense or the National Nuclear Security Administration 
may be obligated or expended to carry out reductions to the nuclear 
forces of the United States required by the New START Treaty until--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense submits to the appropriate 
        congressional committees the plan required by section 1042(a) 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2012 
        (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1575); and
            (2) the President certifies to the appropriate 
        congressional committees that any further reductions to such 
        forces that result in such forces being reduced below the level 
        required by the New START Treaty will be carried out only 
        pursuant to--
                    (A) a treaty or international agreement 
                specifically approved with the advice and consent of 
                the Senate pursuant to Article II, section 2, clause 2 
                of the Constitution; or
                    (B) an Act of Congress specifically authorizing 
                such reductions.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
the following:
            (1) Reductions made to ensure the safety, security, 
        reliability, and credibility of the nuclear weapons stockpile 
        and strategic delivery systems, including activities related to 
        surveillance, assessment, certification, testing, and 
        maintenance of nuclear warheads and strategic delivery systems.
            (2) Nuclear warheads that are retired or awaiting 
        dismantlement on the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (3) Inspections carried out pursuant to the New START 
        Treaty.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
        the following:
                    (A) The congressional defense committees.
                    (B) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
                Relations of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``New START Treaty'' means the Treaty between 
        the United States of America and the Russian Federation on 
        Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic 
        Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 2010, and entered into force 
        on February 5, 2011.

SEC. 1053. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OR 
              CONSOLIDATION OF DUAL-CAPABLE AIRCRAFT BASED IN EUROPE.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for the 
Department of Defense may be used to reduce or consolidate the basing 
of dual-capable aircraft of the United States that are based in Europe 
until a period of 90 days has elapsed after the date on which the 
Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees 
that--
            (1) the Russian Federation has carried out similar 
        reductions or consolidations with respect to dual-capable 
        aircraft of Russia;
            (2) the Secretary has consulted with the member states of 
        the North Atlantic Treaty Organization with respect to the 
        planned reduction or consolidation of the Secretary; and
            (3) there is a consensus among such member states in 
        support of such planned reduction or consolidation.
    (b) Dual-capable Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
``dual-capable aircraft'' means aircraft that can perform both 
conventional and nuclear missions.

SEC. 1054. STATEMENT OF POLICY ON IMPLEMENTATION OF ANY AGREEMENT FOR 
              FURTHER ARMS REDUCTION BELOW THE LEVELS OF THE NEW START 
              TREATY; LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OR DISMANTLEMENT OF 
              STRATEGIC DELIVERY SYSTEMS.

    (a) Finding; Statement of Policy.--
            (1) Finding.--Congress finds that it was the Declaration of 
        the United States Senate in its Resolution of Advice and 
        Consent to the New START Treaty that ``[t]he Senate declares 
        that further arms reduction agreements obligating the United 
        States to reduce or limit the Armed Forces or armaments of the 
        United States in any militarily significant manner may be made 
        only pursuant to the treaty-making power of the President as 
        set forth in Article II, section 2, clause 2 of the 
        Constitution of the United States''.
            (2) Statement of policy.--Congress reaffirms the 
        Declaration described in paragraph (1) and states that any 
        agreement for further arms reduction below the levels of the 
        New START Treaty, including those that may seek to use the 
        Treaty's verification regime, may only be made pursuant to the 
        treaty-making power of the President as set forth in Article 
        II, section 2, clause 2 of the Constitution of the United 
        States or by Act of Congress, as set forth in the Arms Control 
        and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2551 et seq.).
    (b) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
        year 2014 or any fiscal year thereafter for the Department of 
        Defense may be obligated or expended to retire, dismantle, or 
        deactivate, or prepare to retire, dismantle, or deactivate, any 
        covered strategic delivery vehicle if such action reduces the 
        number of covered strategic delivery vehicles to less than the 
        800 required to implement the New START Treaty.
            (2) Waiver.--In accordance with subsection (c), the 
        President may waive the limitation under paragraph (1) with 
        respect to a fiscal year if the President submits to the 
        appropriate congressional committees written notification 
        that--
                    (A) the Senate has given its advice and consent to 
                ratification of a nuclear arms reduction treaty with 
                the Russian Federation that requires Russia to 
                significantly and proportionally reduce its number of 
                nonstrategic nuclear warheads, or an international 
                agreement for such purpose is entered into pursuant to 
                an Act of Congress as set forth in the Arms Control and 
                Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2551 et seq.);
                    (B) such treaty or agreement has entered into 
                force; and
                    (C) such waiver is required during such fiscal year 
                to implement such treaty or agreement.
    (c) Additional Limitations.--
            (1) Certain compliance of nuclear arms control 
        agreements.--If the President makes a waiver under subsection 
        (b)(2), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
        Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 or any 
        fiscal year thereafter for the Department of Defense may be 
        obligated or expended to retire, dismantle, or deactivate, or 
        prepare to retire, dismantle, or deactivate, any covered 
        strategic delivery vehicle until 30 days elapses following the 
        date on which the President submits to the appropriate 
        congressional committees and the congressional intelligence 
        committees written certification that the Russian Federation is 
        in compliance with its nuclear arms control agreements and 
        obligations with the United States.
            (2) Certain intelligence.--If the President makes a waiver 
        under subsection (b)(2), none of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
        year 2014 or any fiscal year thereafter for the Department of 
        Defense may be obligated or expended to retire, dismantle, or 
        deactivate, or prepare to retire, dismantle, or deactivate, any 
        covered strategic delivery vehicle in accordance with a treaty 
        or international agreement entered into pursuant to an Act of 
        Congress requiring such actions unless the President submits to 
        the appropriate congressional committees and the congressional 
        intelligence committees written certification that the 
        intelligence community has high confidence judgments with 
        respect to--
                    (A) the nuclear weapons production capacity of the 
                People's Republic of China;
                    (B) the nature, number, location, and targetability 
                of the nuclear weapons and strategic delivery systems 
                of China; and
                    (C) the nuclear doctrine of China.
    (d) Exception.--The limitations in subsection (b) and (c) shall not 
apply to reductions made to ensure the safety, security, reliability, 
and credibility of the nuclear weapons stockpile and strategic delivery 
systems of the United States, including activities related to 
surveillance, assessment, certification, testing, and maintenance of 
nuclear warheads and strategic delivery system.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
        the following:
                    (A) The congressional defense committees.
                    (B) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
                Relations of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``congressional intelligence committees'' 
        means the following:
                    (A) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
                of the House of Representatives.
                    (B) The Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                Senate.
            (3) The term ``covered strategic delivery vehicle'' means 
        the following:
                    (A) B-52H bomber aircraft.
                    (B) B-2 Spirit bomber aircraft.
                    (C) Trident ballistic missile submarines.
                    (D) Trident II D5 submarine launched ballistic 
                missiles.
                    (E) Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic 
                missiles.
            (4) The term ``New START Treaty'' means the Treaty between 
        the United States of America and the Russian Federation on 
        Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic 
        Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 2010, and entered into force 
        on February 5, 2011.

SEC. 1055. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON COMPLIANCE WITH NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL 
              AGREEMENTS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) President Obama stated in Prague in April 2009 that 
        ``Rules must be binding. Violations must be punished. Words 
        must mean something.''.
            (2) President Obama's Nuclear Posture Review of 2010 
        stated, ``it is not enough to detect non-compliance; violators 
        must know that they will face consequences when they are 
        caught.''.
            (3) The July 2010 Verifiability Assessment released by the 
        Department of State on the New START Treaty stated, ``The costs 
        and risks of Russian cheating or breakout, on the other hand, 
        would likely be very significant. In addition to the financial 
        and international political costs of such an action, any 
        Russian leader considering cheating or breakout from the New 
        START Treaty would have to consider that the United States will 
        retain the ability to upload large numbers of additional 
        nuclear warheads on both bombers and missiles under the New 
        START, which would provide the ability for a timely and very 
        significant U.S. response.''.
            (4) Subsection (a) of the Resolution of Advice and Consent 
        to Ratification of the New START Treaty of the Senate, agreed 
        to on December 22, 2010, listed conditions of the Senate to the 
        ratification of the New START Treaty that are binding upon the 
        President, including the condition under paragraph (1)(B) of 
        such subsection that requires the President to take certain 
        actions in response to actions by the Russian Federation that 
        are in violation of or inconsistent with such treaty, including 
        to ``seek on an urgent basis a meeting with the Russian 
        Federation at the highest diplomatic level with the objective 
        of bringing the Russian Federation into full compliance with 
        its obligations under the New START Treaty''.
            (5) The Obama Administration demonstrated that violations 
        of treaty obligations by other parties require corresponding 
        action by the United States when, on November 22, 2011, the 
        Department of State announced that the United States would 
        ``cease carrying out certain obligations under the Conventional 
        Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty with regard to Russia. This 
        announcement in the CFE Treaty's implementation group comes 
        after the United States and NATO Allies have tried over the 
        past 4 years to find a diplomatic solution following Russia's 
        decision in 2007 to cease implementation with respect to all 
        other 29 CFE States. Since then, Russia has refused to accept 
        inspections and ceased to provide information to other CFE 
        Treaty parties on its military forces as required by the 
        Treaty.''.
            (6) On October 17, 2012, the Chairman of the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Chairman 
        of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House 
        of Representatives wrote a classified letter to the President 
        stating their concerns about a major arms control violation by 
        the Russian Federation.
            (7) The Chairmen followed up their classified letter with 
        unclassified letters on February 14 and April 12, 2013--in 
        their latest letter, the Chairmen stated that they expect the 
        Administration to ``directly confront the Russian violations 
        and circumventions of this and other treaties. . .[we] further 
        ask, again, for your engagement in correcting this behavior. We 
        also seek your commitment not to undertake further reductions 
        to the U.S. nuclear deterrent or extended deterrent until this 
        Russian behavior is corrected. We are in full agreement with 
        your policy as you articulated it in Prague four years ago this 
        month, `rules must be binding, Violations must be punished. 
        Words must mean something.'''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
President should consider not seeking to further limit or reduce the 
nuclear forces of the United States, including by negotiation, with a 
foreign country that remains in active noncompliance with existing 
nuclear arms obligations, such as the Russian Federation.
    (c) Obligations of the President in the Event of Noncompliance.--If 
the President determines that a foreign country is not in compliance 
with its obligations under a nuclear arms control agreement, treaty, or 
commitment to which the United States is a party or in which the United 
States is a participating government, including the Missile Technology 
Control Regime, the President shall--
            (1) immediately consult with Congress regarding the 
        implications of such noncompliance for--
                    (A) the viability of such agreement, treaty, or 
                commitment; and
                    (B) the national security interests of the United 
                States and the allies of the United States;
            (2) submit to Congress a plan concerning the diplomatic 
        strategy of the President to engage such foreign country at the 
        highest diplomatic level with the objective of bringing such 
        country into full compliance with such obligations; and
            (3) at the earliest date practicable following the 
        submission of the plan under paragraph (2), submit to Congress 
        a report detailing--
                    (A) whether adherence by the United States to such 
                obligation remains in the national security interests 
                of the United States or the allies of the United 
                States; and
                    (B) how the United States will redress the effect 
                of such noncompliance to the national security 
                interests of the United States or such allies.

SEC. 1056. RETENTION OF CAPABILITY TO REDEPLOY MULTIPLE INDEPENDENTLY 
              TARGETABLE REENTRY VEHICLES.

    (a) Deployment Capability.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
ensure that the Air Force is capable of--
            (1) deploying multiple independently targetable reentry 
        vehicles to Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles, 
        and any ground-based strategic deterrent follow-on to such 
        missiles; and
            (2) commencing such deployment not later than 270 days 
        after the date on which the President determines such 
        deployment necessary.
    (b) Warhead Capability.--The Nuclear Weapons Council established by 
section 179 of title 10, United States Code, shall ensure that--
            (1) the nuclear weapons stockpile contains a sufficient 
        number of nuclear warheads that are capable of being deployed 
        as multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles with 
        respect to Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles, 
        and any ground-based strategic deterrent follow-on to such 
        missiles; and
            (2) such deployment is capable of being commenced not later 
        than 270 days after the date on which the President determines 
        such deployment necessary.

SEC. 1057. ASSESSMENT OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM OF THE PEOPLE'S 
              REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    Section 1045(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1933) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``August 15, 2013'' and 
        inserting ``August 15, 2014''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2014 or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
        2014 for the Office of the Secretary of Defense for travel, not 
        more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until a 
        period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
        Secretary of Defense notifies the appropriate congressional 
        committees that the Secretary has entered into an agreement 
        under paragraph (1) with a federally funded research and 
        development center.''.

SEC. 1058. COST ESTIMATES FOR NUCLEAR WEAPONS.

    Section 1043(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1576), as amended by 
section 1041 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1931), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(F), by inserting ``personnel,'' after 
        ``maintenance,''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, including how and which locations were 
        counted''.

SEC. 1059. REPORT ON NEW START TREATY.

    Not later than January 15, 2014, the Secretary of Defense and the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall jointly submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
the Senate a report on whether the New START Treaty (as defined in 
section 494(a)(2)(D)(ii)) of title 10, United States Code) is in the 
national security interests of the United States.

         Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1061. ENHANCEMENT OF CAPACITY OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT TO 
              ANALYZE CAPTURED RECORDS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 21 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 426 the following new section:
``Sec. 427. Conflict Records Research Center
    ``(a) Center Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
center to be known as the `Conflict Records Research Center' (in this 
section referred to as the `Center').
    ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the Center shall be the following:
            ``(1) To establish a digital research database including 
        translations and to facilitate research and analysis of records 
        captured from countries, organizations, and individuals, now or 
        once hostile to the United States, with rigid adherence to 
        academic freedom and integrity.
            ``(2) Consistent with the protection of national security 
        information, personally identifiable information, and 
        intelligence sources and methods, to make a significant portion 
        of these records available to researchers as quickly and 
        responsibly as possible while taking into account the integrity 
        of the academic process and risks to innocents or third 
        parties.
            ``(3) To conduct and disseminate research and analysis to 
        increase the understanding of factors related to international 
        relations, counterterrorism, and conventional and 
        unconventional warfare and, ultimately, enhance national 
        security.
            ``(4) To collaborate with members of academic and broad 
        national security communities, both domestic and international, 
        on research, conferences, seminars, and other information 
        exchanges to identify topics of importance for the leadership 
        of the United States Government and the scholarly community.
    ``(c) Concurrence of the Director of National Intelligence.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall seek the concurrence of the Director of 
National Intelligence to the extent the efforts and activities of the 
Center involve the entities referred to in subsection (b)(4).
    ``(d) Support From Other United States Government Departments or 
Agencies.--The head of any non-Department of Defense department or 
agency of the United States Government may--
            ``(1) provide to the Secretary of Defense services, 
        including personnel support, to support the operations of the 
        Center; and
            ``(2) transfer funds to the Secretary of Defense to support 
        the operations of the Center.
    ``(e) Acceptance of Gifts and Donations.--(1) Subject to paragraph 
(3), the Secretary of Defense may accept from any source specified in 
paragraph (2) any gift or donation for purposes of defraying the costs 
or enhancing the operations of the Center.
    ``(2) The sources specified in this paragraph are the following:
            ``(A) The government of a State or a political subdivision 
        of a State.
            ``(B) The government of a foreign country.
            ``(C) A foundation or other charitable organization, 
        including a foundation or charitable organization that is 
        organized or operates under the laws of a foreign country.
            ``(D) Any source in the private sector of the United States 
        or a foreign country.
    ``(3) The Secretary may not accept a gift or donation under this 
subsection if acceptance of the gift or donation would compromise or 
appear to compromise--
            ``(A) the ability of the Department of Defense, any 
        employee of the Department, or any member of the armed forces 
        to carry out the responsibility or duty of the Department in a 
        fair and objective manner; or
            ``(B) the integrity of any program of the Department or of 
        any person involved in such a program.
    ``(4) The Secretary shall provide written guidance setting forth 
the criteria to be used in determining the applicability of paragraph 
(3) to any proposed gift or donation under this subsection.
    ``(f) Crediting of Funds Transferred or Accepted.--Funds 
transferred to or accepted by the Secretary of Defense under this 
section shall be credited to appropriations available to the Department 
of Defense for the Center, and shall be available for the same 
purposes, and subject to the same conditions and limitations, as the 
appropriations with which merged. Any funds so transferred or accepted 
shall remain available until expended.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `captured record' means a document, audio 
        file, video file, or other material captured during combat 
        operations from countries, organizations, or individuals, now 
        or once hostile to the United States.
            ``(2) The term `gift or donation' means any gift or 
        donation of funds, materials (including research materials), 
        real or personal property, or services (including lecture 
        services and faculty services).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 426 the following new item:

``427. Conflict Records Research Center.''.

SEC. 1062. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE MILITARY TRANSPORTATION 
              SERVICES TO CERTAIN OTHER AGENCIES AT THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE REIMBURSEMENT RATE.

    (a) In General.--Section 2642(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``airlift'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``transportation''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``October 28, 2014'' and inserting 
                ``September 30, 2019'';
                    (B) by inserting and ``military transportation 
                services provided in support of foreign military 
                sales'' after ``Department of Defense''; and
                    (C) by striking ``air industry'' and inserting 
                ``transportation industry''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--The heading for such section is amended 
by striking ``Airlift'' and inserting ``Transportation''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 157 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 2642 and inserting the following new item:

``2642. Transportation services provided to certain other agencies: use 
                            of Department of Defense reimbursement 
                            rates.''.

SEC. 1063. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR MODIFICATION OF 
              FORCE STRUCTURE OF THE ARMY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for the Department of the 
Army may be used to modify the force structure or basing strategy of 
the Army until the Secretary of the Army--
            (1) submits to Congress the report on force structure 
        required by section 1066 of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1943); 
        and
            (2) provides to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the most recent force mix analysis conducted by the 
        Secretary, including--
                    (A) the assumptions and scenarios used to determine 
                the type and mix of Brigade Combat Teams;
                    (B) the rationale for the recommended force mix; 
                and
                    (C) the risks involved with the recommended force 
                mix.

SEC. 1064. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR PUBLIC-PRIVATE COOPERATION 
              ACTIVITIES.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available to the Department of Defense by this Act or any other Act may 
be obligated or expended on any public-private cooperation activity 
undertaken by a combatant command until the Secretary of Defense 
submits to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives the report 
on the conclusions of the Defense Business Board that the Secretary was 
directed to provide under the Report of the Committee on Armed Services 
to accompany H.R. 4310 of the 112th Congress (House Report 112-479).

SEC. 1065. UNMANNED AIRCRAFT JOINT TRAINING AND USAGE PLAN.

    (a) Methods.--The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, and the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration 
jointly shall develop and implement plans and procedures to review the 
potential of joint testing and evaluation of unmanned aircraft 
equipment and systems with other appropriate departments and agencies 
of the Federal Government that may serve the dual purpose of providing 
capabilities to the Department of Defense to meet the future 
requirements of combatant commanders and domestically to strengthen 
international border security.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 270 days after date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
and the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration shall 
jointly submit to Congress a report on the status of the development of 
the plans and procedures required under subsection (a), including a 
cost benefit analysis of the shared expenses between the Department of 
Defense and other appropriate departments and agencies of the Federal 
Government to support such plans.

                    Subtitle H--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1071. OVERSIGHT OF COMBAT SUPPORT AGENCIES.

    Section 193(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting ``and the 
congressional defense committees'' after ``the Secretary of Defense''.

SEC. 1072. INCLUSION IN ANNUAL REPORT OF DESCRIPTION OF INTERAGENCY 
              COORDINATION RELATING TO HUMANITARIAN DEMINING 
              TECHNOLOGY.

    Section 407(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) a description of interagency efforts to coordinate 
        and improve research, development, test, and evaluation for 
        humanitarian demining technology and mechanical clearance 
        methods, including the transfer of relevant counter-improvised 
        explosive device technology with potential humanitarian 
        demining applications.''.

SEC. 1073. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON 
              ASSIGNMENT OF CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE AS ADVISORS TO FOREIGN MINISTRIES OF DEFENSE.

    Section 1081(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law. 112-81; 125 Stat. 1599; 10 U.S.C. 168 
note) is amended by striking ``December 30, 2013'' and inserting 
``December 30, 2014''.

SEC. 1074. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR COMPTROLLER GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EFFICIENCIES.

    Section 1054 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1582) is repealed.

SEC. 1075. MATTERS FOR INCLUSION IN THE ASSESSMENT OF THE 2013 
              QUADRENNIAL DEFENSE REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of conducting the assessment of the 
2013 quadrennial defense review under section 118 of title 10, United 
States Code, the National Defense Panel established under subsection 
(f) of such section (hereinafter in this section referred to as the 
``Panel'') shall--
            (1) conduct an assessment of the recommendation included in 
        the assessment of the 2009 quadrennial defense review under 
        such section regarding the establishment of a standing, 
        independent strategic review panel;
            (2) include in the report required by paragraph (7) of such 
        subsection the recommendations of the Panel regarding the 
        establishment of such a standing panel; and
            (3) take into consideration the Strategic Choices and 
        Management Review directed by the Secretary of Defense during 
        2013, particularly in carrying out the responsibilities of the 
        Panel under clauses (i), (ii), and (v) of paragraph (5) of such 
        subsection.
    (b) Updates From Secretary of Defense.--In providing updates to the 
panel regarding the 2013 quadrennial defense review under paragraph (8) 
of such subsection, or providing information requested by the panel 
pursuant to paragraph (9)(A) of such subsection, the Secretary of 
Defense or head of the department or agency, as appropriate, shall also 
provide information related to the Strategic Choices and Management 
Review.

SEC. 1076. REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
              FORCES AND UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review of 
the United States Special Operations Forces organization, capabilities, 
and structure.
    (b) Report.--Not later than the date on which the budget of the 
President is submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code, for fiscal year 2015, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
review conducted under subsection (a). Such report shall include an 
analysis of each of the following:
            (1) The organizational structure of the United States 
        Special Operations Command and each subordinate component, as 
        in effect as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) The policy and civilian oversight structures for 
        Special Operations Forces within the Department of Defense, as 
        in effect as of the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        including the statutory structures and responsibilities of the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
        Low Intensity Conflict within the Department.
            (3) The roles and responsibilities of United States Special 
        Operations Command and Special Operations Forces under section 
        167 of title 10, United States Code.
            (4) Current and future special operations peculiar 
        requirements of the commanders of the geographic combatant 
        commands, Theater Special Operations Commands, and command 
        relationships between United States Special Operations Command 
        and the geographic combatant commands.
            (5) The funding authorities, uses, and oversight mechanisms 
        of Major Force Program-11.
            (6) Changes to structure, authorities, oversight 
        mechanisms, Major Force Program-11 funding, roles, and 
        responsibilities assumed in the 2014 Quadrennial Defense 
        Review.
            (7) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        are appropriate to ensure a comprehensive review and 
        assessment.
    (c) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date on which the 
report required by subsection (b) is submitted, the Comptroller General 
of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a review of the report. Such review shall include an 
assessment of United States Special Operations Forces organization, 
capabilities, and force structure with respect to conventional force 
structures and national military strategies.

SEC. 1077. REPORTS ON UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) Report on Collaboration, Demonstration, and Use Cases and Data 
Sharing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Transportation, 
the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, and the 
Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, on 
behalf of the UAS Executive Committee, shall submit jointly to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the 
following:
            (1) The collaboration, demonstrations, and initial fielding 
        of unmanned aircraft systems at test sites within and outside 
        of restricted airspace.
            (2) The progress being made to develop public and civil 
        sense-and-avoid and command-and-control technology.
            (3) An assessment on the sharing of operational, 
        programmatic, and research data relating to unmanned aircraft 
        systems operations by the Federal Aviation Administration, the 
        Department of Defense, and the National Aeronautics and Space 
        Administration to help the Federal Aviation Administration 
        establish civil unmanned aircraft systems certification 
        standards, pilot certification and licensing, and air traffic 
        control procedures, including identifying the locations 
        selected to collect, analyze, and store the data.
    (b) Report on Resource Requirements Needed for Unmanned Aircraft 
Systems Described in the Five-year Roadmap.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
on behalf of the UAS Executive Committee, shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the resource 
requirements needed to meet the milestones for unmanned aircraft 
systems integration described in the five-year roadmap under section 
332(a)(5) of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act (Public Law 112-95; 
49 U.S.C. 40101 note).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Commerce, Science and Transportation, and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Transportation and Infrastructure, the Committee on 
                Science, Space, and Technology, and the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``UAS Executive Committee'' means the 
        Department of Defense-Federal Aviation Administration executive 
        committee described in section 1036(b) of the Duncan Hunter 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public 
        Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4596) established by the Secretary of 
        Defense and the Administrator of the Federal Aviation 
        Administration.

SEC. 1078. ONLINE AVAILABILITY OF REPORTS SUBMITTED TO CONGRESS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 122a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) made available on a publicly accessible Internet 
        website of the Department of Defense; and''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to reports submitted to Congress after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1079. PROVISION OF DEFENSE PLANNING GUIDANCE AND CONTINGENCY 
              OPERATION PLAN INFORMATION TO CONGRESS.

    (a) In General.--Section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code is 
amended by adding at the end, the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) At the time of the budget submission by the President for a 
fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees an annual report containing summaries of the 
guidance developed under paragraphs (1) and (2), as well as summaries 
of any plans developed in accordance with the guidance developed under 
paragraph (2). Such summaries shall be sufficient to allow the 
congressional defense committees to evaluate fully the requirements for 
military forces, acquisition programs, and operations and maintenance 
funding in the President's annual budget request for the Department of 
Defense.''.
    (b) Report Required.--Notwithstanding the requirement under 
paragraph (3) of section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a), that the Secretary of Defense submit reports 
under that paragraph at the time of the President's annual budget 
submission, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees the first report required under that paragraph by not later 
than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Limitation on Obligation of Funds Pending Report.--Of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act for Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-wide, for the office of the Secretary of Defense, 
not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended before the date 
that is 15 days after the date on which the Secretary submits the 
report described in subsection (b).

SEC. 1080. REPORT ON UNITED STATES CITIZENS SUBJECT TO MILITARY 
              DETENTION.

    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress an annual report on United States citizens subject to military 
detention. Such report shall include, for the period covered by the 
report, each of the following:
            (1) The name of each United States citizen subject to 
        military detention during such period.
            (2) The legal justification for such detention of such 
        citizen.
            (3) The steps taken to provide judicial process for or to 
        release each such citizen.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.
    (c) Availability of Report.--The report submitted under subsection 
(a) shall be made available to all members of Congress.
    (d) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
authorize or express approval for subjecting United States citizens to 
military detention.

SEC. 1080A. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE 
              PALOMARES NUCLEAR WEAPONS ACCIDENT REVISED DOSE 
              EVALUATION REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the implementation of the recommendations of the Palomares Nuclear 
Weapons Accident Revised Dose Evaluation Report released in April by 
the Air Force in 2001.

SEC. 1080B. REPORT ON LONG-TERM COSTS OF OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM AND 
              OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM.

    (a) Report Requirement.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the President, with contributions from the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, shall submit to Congress a report containing an 
estimate of previous costs of Operation New Dawn (the successor 
contingency operation to Operation Iraqi Freedom) and the long-term 
costs of Operation Enduring Freedom for a scenario, determined by the 
President and based on current contingency operation and withdrawal 
plans, that takes into account expected force levels and the expected 
length of time that members of the Armed Forces will be deployed in 
support of Operation Enduring Freedom.
    (b) Estimates to Be Used in Preparation of Report.--In preparing 
the report required by subsection (a), the President shall make 
estimates and projections through at least fiscal year 2023, adjust any 
dollar amounts appropriately for inflation, and take into account and 
specify each of the following:
            (1) The total number of members of the Armed Forces 
        expected to be deployed in support of Operation Enduring 
        Freedom, including--
                    (A) the number of members of the Armed Forces 
                actually deployed in Southwest Asia in support of 
                Operation Enduring Freedom;
                    (B) the number of members of reserve components of 
                the Armed Forces called or ordered to active duty in 
                the United States for the purpose of training for 
                eventual deployment in Southwest Asia, backfilling for 
                deployed troops, or supporting other Department of 
                Defense missions directly or indirectly related to 
                Operation Enduring Freedom; and
                    (C) the break-down of deployments of members of the 
                regular and reserve components and activation of 
                members of the reserve components.
            (2) The number of members of the Armed Forces, including 
        members of the reserve components, who have previously served 
        in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, or 
        Operation Enduring Freedom and who are expected to serve 
        multiple deployments.
            (3) The number of contractors and private military security 
        firms that have been used and are expected to be used during 
        the course of Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, and 
        Operation Enduring Freedom.
            (4) The number of veterans currently suffering and expected 
        to suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain 
        injury, or other mental injuries.
            (5) The number of veterans currently in need of and 
        expected to be in need of prosthetic care and treatment because 
        of amputations incurred during service in support of Operation 
        Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, or Operation Enduring 
        Freedom.
            (6) The current number of pending Department of Veterans 
        Affairs claims from veterans of military service in Iraq and 
        Afghanistan, and the total number of such veterans expected to 
        seek disability compensation from the Department of Veterans 
        Affairs.
            (7) The total number of members of the Armed Forces who 
        have been killed or wounded in Iraq or Afghanistan, including 
        noncombat casualties, the total number of members expected to 
        suffer injuries in Afghanistan, and the total number of members 
        expected to be killed in Afghanistan, including noncombat 
        casualties.
            (8) The amount of funds previously appropriated for the 
        Department of Defense, the Department of State, and the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs for costs related to Operation 
        Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, and Operation Enduring 
        Freedom, including an account of the amount of funding from 
        regular Department of Defense, Department of State, and 
        Department of Veterans Affairs budgets that has gone and will 
        go to costs associated with such operations.
            (9) Previous, current, and future operational expenditures 
        associated with Operation Enduring Freedom and, when 
        applicable, Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation New Dawn, 
        including--
                    (A) funding for combat operations;
                    (B) deploying, transporting, feeding, and housing 
                members of the Armed Forces (including fuel costs);
                    (C) activation and deployment of members of the 
                reserve components of the Armed Forces;
                    (D) equipping and training of Iraqi and Afghani 
                forces;
                    (E) purchasing, upgrading, and repairing weapons, 
                munitions, and other equipment consumed or used in 
                Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, or 
                Operation Enduring Freedom; and
                    (F) payments to other countries for logistical 
                assistance in support of such operations.
            (10) Past, current, and future costs of entering into 
        contracts with private military security firms and other 
        contractors for the provision of goods and services associated 
        with Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, and Operation 
        Enduring Freedom.
            (11) Average annual cost for each member of the Armed 
        Forces deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom, 
        including room and board, equipment and body armor, 
        transportation of troops and equipment (including fuel costs), 
        and operational costs.
            (12) Current and future cost of combat-related special pays 
        and benefits, including reenlistment bonuses.
            (13) Current and future cost of calling or ordering members 
        of the reserve components to active duty in support of 
        Operation Enduring Freedom.
            (14) Current and future cost for reconstruction, embassy 
        operations and construction, and foreign aid programs for Iraq 
        and Afghanistan.
            (15) Current and future cost of bases and other 
        infrastructure to support members of the Armed Forces serving 
        in Afghanistan.
            (16) Current and future cost of providing health care for 
        veterans who served in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, 
        Operation New Dawn, or Operation Enduring Freedom, including--
                    (A) the cost of mental health treatment for 
                veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder 
                and traumatic brain injury, and other mental problems 
                as a result of such service; and
                    (B) the cost of lifetime prosthetics care and 
                treatment for veterans suffering from amputations as a 
                result of such service.
            (17) Current and future cost of providing Department of 
        Veterans Affairs disability benefits for the lifetime of 
        veterans who incur disabilities while serving in support of 
        Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New Dawn, or Operation 
        Enduring Freedom.
            (18) Current and future cost of providing survivors' 
        benefits to survivors of members of the Armed Forces killed 
        while serving in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation 
        New Dawn, or Operation Enduring Freedom.
            (19) Cost of bringing members of the Armed Forces and 
        equipment back to the United States upon the conclusion of 
        Operation Enduring Freedom, including the cost of 
        demobilization, transportation costs (including fuel costs), 
        providing transition services for members of the Armed Forces 
        transitioning from active duty to veteran status, transporting 
        equipment, weapons, and munitions (including fuel costs), and 
        an estimate of the value of equipment that will be left behind.
            (20) Cost to restore the military and military equipment, 
        including the equipment of the reserve components, to full 
        strength after the conclusion of Operation Enduring Freedom.
            (21) Amount of money borrowed to pay for Operation Iraqi 
        Freedom, Operation New Dawn, and Operation Enduring Freedom, 
        and the sources of that money.
            (22) Interest on money borrowed, including interest for 
        money already borrowed and anticipated interest payments on 
        future borrowing, for Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New 
        Dawn, and Operation Enduring Freedom.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

SEC. 1081. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Title 10.--Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) The table of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, 
        and at the beginning of part I of such subtitle, are each 
        amended by striking the item relating to chapter 24 and 
        inserting the following:

``24. Nuclear Posture.......................................     491''.
            (2) Section 122a(a) is amended by striking ``subsection (b) 
        is'' and inserting ``subsection (b) is--''.
            (3) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 3 is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 130e and 
        inserting the following new item:

``130e. Treatment under Freedom of Information Act of critical 
                            infrastructure security information.''.
            (4) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 9 is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 231 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``231. Budgeting for construction of naval vessels: annual plan and 
                            certification.''.
            (5) Section 231a(a) is amended by striking ``fiscal year of 
        Defense'' and inserting ``fiscal year, the Secretary of 
        Defense''.
            (6) Chapter 24 is amended by adding a period at the end of 
        the enumerator of section 498.
            (7) Section 494(c) is amended by striking ``the date of the 
        enactment of this Act'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2011''.
            (8) Section 673(a) is amended by inserting ``of the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice'' after ``120c''.
            (9) Section 1401a is amended by striking ``before the 
        enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2008'' in subsections (d) and (e) and inserting ``before 
        January 28, 2008''.
            (10) Section 2359b(k)(4)(B) is amended by adding a period 
        at the end.
            (11) Section 2461(a)(5)(E)(i) is amended by striking ``the 
        a'' and inserting ``the''.
    (b) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.--
Effective as of January 2, 2013, and as if included therein as enacted, 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 322(e)(2) (126 Stat. 1695) is amended by 
        striking ``Section 2366b(A)(3)(F)'' and inserting ``Section 
        2366b(a)(3)(F)''.
            (2) Section 371(a)(1) (126 Stat. 1706) is amended by 
        striking ``subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (g) and (h), 
        respectively'' and inserting ``subsection  (f) as subsection 
        (g)''.
            (3) Section 611(7) (126 Stat. 1776) is amended by striking 
        ``Section 408a(e)'' and inserting ``Section 478a(e)''.
            (4) Section 822(b) (126 Stat. 1830) is amended by striking 
        ``such Act'' and inserting ``such section''.
            (5) Section 1031(b)(3)(B) (126 Stat.1918) is amended by 
        striking the subclause (III) immediately below clause (iv).
            (6) Section 1031(b)(4) (126 Stat.1919) is amended by 
        striking ``Section 1031(b)'' and inserting ``Section 1041(b)''.
            (7) Section 1086(d)(1) (126 Stat.1969) is amended by 
        striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)''.
            (8) Section 1221(a)(2) (126 Stat. 1992) is amended by 
        striking ``fiscal'' both places it appears and inserting 
        ``Fiscal''.
            (9) Section 1804 (126 Stat. 2111) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (h)(1)(B), by striking 
                ``inserting `; and';'' and inserting ``inserting a 
                semicolon;''; and
                    (B) in subsection (i), by inserting after ``it 
                appears'' the following: ``(except in those places in 
                which `Administrator of FEMA' already appears)''.
    (c) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.--
Effective as of December 31, 2011, and as if included therein as 
enacted, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
(Public Law 112-81) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 312(b)(6)(F) (125 Stat. 1354) is amended by 
        striking ``subsection (D)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)''.
            (2) Section 585(a)(1) (125 Stat. 1434; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) 
        is amended ``experts sexual'' and inserting ``experts in 
        sexual''.
    (d) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004.--
Section 338(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 5013 note), as most recently 
amended by section 321 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1694), is amended by 
striking ``subsection 4703'' and inserting ``section 4703''.
    (e) Amendment to Title 41.--Section 4712(i) is amended by inserting 
before ``the enactment'' the following: ``that is 180 days after the 
date''.
    (f) Coordination With Other Amendments Made by This Act.--For 
purposes of applying amendments made by provisions of this Act other 
than this section, the amendments made by this section shall be treated 
as having been enacted immediately before any amendment made by other 
provisions of this Act.

SEC. 1082. TRANSPORTATION OF SUPPLIES FOR THE UNITED STATES BY AIRCRAFT 
              OPERATED BY UNITED STATES AIR CARRIERS.

    (a) Department of Defense.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 157 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2631a the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2631b. Supplies: preference to United States aircraft
    ``(a) Preference.--Only aircraft owned by the United States, or 
aircraft operated by or under the supervision of United States air 
carriers holding a certificate under section 41102 of title 49 and 
registered in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet, may be used for the 
transportation by air of supplies on behalf of any component of the 
Department of Defense. However, if the President finds that the rates 
charged for the use of those aircraft is excessive or otherwise 
unreasonable, contracts for transportation may be made as otherwise 
provided by law. Charges made for the transportation of those supplies 
by those aircraft may not be higher than the charges made for 
transporting like goods for private persons.
    ``(b) Outsize and Oversize Cargoes.--(1) The preference under 
subsection (a) shall not apply to outsize or oversize cargoes if no air 
carrier registered in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet nor any aircraft 
owned by the United States are available and capable of transporting 
such a cargo.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, to the maximum 
extent practicable, outsize and oversize cargoes are transported by 
aircraft owned and operated by the United States or by air carriers in 
the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
    ``(3) Not later than March 30 of each year, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on outsize and oversize cargo flights. Each such report shall include, 
for the year covered by the report, each of the following:
            ``(A) The number of outsize and oversize cargo flights, 
        including the number of flights and tonnage of each flight, 
        flown both by aircraft owned and operated by the United States 
        and by carriers in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
            ``(B) For any cargo carried by aircraft that is neither 
        owned and operated by the United States nor by an air carrier 
        in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet, an explanation for the use of 
        such a carrier.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2631a the following new item:

``2631b. Supplies: preference to United States aircraft.''.
    (b) Other Departments and Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 401 of title 49, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 40131. Air transportation procured by the United States 
              Government
    ``(a) Guarantee.--Consistent with the provisions of section 40118 
of title 49, when the United States procures, enters into a contract or 
subcontract for, or otherwise obtains for its own account, or furnishes 
to or for the account of a foreign country, organization, or person 
without provision for reimbursement, any equipment, materials, or 
commodities, or provides financing in any way with Federal funds for 
the account of any person unless otherwise exempted, within or without 
the United States, or advances funds or credits, or guarantees the 
convertibility of foreign currencies in connection with the furnishing 
or obtaining of the equipment, materials, or commodities, the 
appropriate agencies shall take steps necessary and practicable to 
ensure that at least 50 percent of the gross tonnage of the equipment, 
materials, or commodities which may be transported on fixed wing 
aircraft are transported on privately-owned commercial aircraft that 
are owned, operated, or otherwise supervised by air carriers holding a 
certificate under section 41102 of this title and registered in the 
Civil Reserve Air Fleet, to the extent those aircraft are appropriate 
and available at fair and reasonable rates.
    ``(b) Exception.--
            ``(1) In general.--The requirements of this section shall 
        not apply to any equipment, materials, or commodities 
        transported for the use of the military services of the United 
        States or to respond to a humanitarian disaster.
            ``(2) Humanitarian disaster defined.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `humanitarian disaster' means a man-made 
        or natural occurrence that causes loss of life, health, 
        property, or livelihood, inflicting severe destruction and 
        distress.
    ``(c) Waiver.--
            ``(1) In general.--The President, the Secretary of 
        Transportation, or the Secretary of State, in coordination with 
        the Secretary of Defense, as appropriate, may issue a temporary 
        waiver of this section--
                    ``(A) to respond to an emergency; or
                    ``(B) if such a waiver is in the national interests 
                of the United States.
            ``(2) Committee notice.--The President, the Secretary of 
        Transportation, or the Secretary of State, as appropriate, 
        shall notify the following Committees within 30 days of 
        exercising a waiver under paragraph (1):
                    ``(A) The Committees on Armed Services and 
                Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives.
                    ``(B) The Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate.
                    ``(C) The Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives.
                    ``(D) The Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate.
                    ``(E) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives.
            ``(3) Expiration and renewal of waiver.--Any waiver issued 
        under paragraph (1) shall expire not later than 180 days after 
        the date on which it is issued. The President, the Secretary of 
        Transportation, or the Secretary of State, as appropriate, may 
        renew an expired or expiring waiver as long as the President or 
        Secretary provides notice to the committees referred to in 
        paragraph (2) in accordance with that paragraph.
    ``(d) Regulations.--Each department or agency of the Government 
shall administer its air transport operations according to regulations 
and guidance issued by the Secretary of Transportation.
    ``(e) Enforcement.--The Secretary of Transportation may impose on 
any person violating this section, or a regulation issued under this 
section, a civil penalty of up to $25,000 for each violation knowingly 
committed, with each day of a continuing violation following the 
initial shipment to be a separate violation.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``40131. Air transportation procured by the United States 
                            Government.''.

SEC. 1082A. TRANSPORTATION OF SUPPLIES TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
              FROM NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 20 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 402 the following new section:
``Sec. 403. Transportation of supplies from nonprofit organizations
    ``(a) Authorization of Transportation.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, and subject to subsection (b), the Secretary of 
Defense may transport to any country, without charge, supplies that 
have been furnished by a nonprofit organization and that are intended 
for distribution to members of the armed forces. Such supplies may be 
transported only on a space available basis.
    ``(b) Limitations.--(1) The Secretary may not transport supplies 
under subsection (a) unless the Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) the transportation of the supplies is consistent with 
        the policies of the United States;
            ``(B) the supplies are suitable for distribution to members 
        of the armed forces and are in usable condition;
            ``(C) there is a legitimate need for the supplies by the 
        members of the armed forces for whom they are intended; and
            ``(D) adequate arrangements have been made for the 
        distribution and use of the supplies.
    ``(2) Procedures.--The Secretary shall establish procedures for 
making the determinations required under paragraph (1). Such procedures 
shall include inspection of supplies before acceptance for transport.
    ``(3) Preparation.--It shall be the responsibility of the nonprofit 
organization requesting the transport of supplies under this section to 
ensure that the supplies are suitable for transport.
    ``(c) Distribution.--Supplies transported under this section may be 
distributed by the United States Government or a nonprofit 
organization.
    ``(d) Definition of Nonprofit Organization.--In this section, the 
term `nonprofit organization' means an organization described in 
section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from 
tax under section 501(a) of such Code.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 20 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 402 the following new item:

``403. Transportation of supplies from nonprofit organizations.''.

SEC. 1083. REDUCTION IN COSTS TO REPORT CRITICAL CHANGES TO MAJOR 
              AUTOMATED INFORMATION SYSTEM PROGRAMS.

    (a) Extension of a Program Defined.--Section 2445a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(g) Extension of a Program.--In this chapter, the term `extension 
of a program' means, with respect to a major automated information 
system program or other major information technology investment 
program, the further deployment or planned deployment to additional 
users of the system which has already been found operationally 
effective and suitable by an independent test agency or the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation, beyond the scope planned in the 
original estimate or information originally submitted on the 
program.''.
    (b) Reports on Critical Changes in MAIS Programs.--Subsection (d) 
of section 2445c of such title is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (2)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (3)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Notification when variance due to congressional 
        action or extension of program.--If a senior Department of 
        Defense official who, following receipt of a quarterly report 
        described in paragraph (1) and making a determination described 
        in paragraph (3), also determines that the circumstances 
        resulting in the determination described in paragraph (3) 
        either (A) are primarily the result of congressional action, or 
        (B) are primarily due to an extension of a program, the 
        official may, in lieu of carrying out an evaluation and 
        submitting a report in accordance with paragraph (1), submit to 
        the congressional defense committees, within 45 days after 
        receiving the quarterly report, a notification that the 
        official has made those determinations. If such a notification 
        is submitted, the limitation in subsection (g)(1) does not 
        apply with respect to that determination under paragraph 
        (3).''.
    (c) Conforming Cross-reference Amendment.--Subsection (g)(1) of 
such section is amended by striking ``subsection (d)(2)'' and inserting 
``subsection (d)(3)''.
    (d) Total Acquisition Cost Information.--Title 10, United States 
Code, is further amended--
            (1) in section 2445b(b)(3), by striking ``development 
        costs'' and inserting ``total acquisition costs''; and
            (2) in section 2445c--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B) of subsection (c)(2), by 
                striking ``program development cost'' and inserting 
                ``total acquisition cost''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C) of subsection (d)(3) (as 
                redesignated by subsection (b)(2)), by striking 
                ``program development cost'' and inserting ``total 
                acquisition cost''.
    (e) Clarification of Cross-reference.--Section 2445c(g)(2) of such 
title is amended by striking ``in compliance with the requirements of 
subsection (d)(2)'' and inserting ``under subsection (d)(1)(B)''.

SEC. 1084. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION TO 
              ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION INSURANCE.

    Section 44310 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) In General.--'' before ``The 
        authority'';
            (2) by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``any 
        provision of this chapter other than section 44305''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Insurance of United States Government Property.--The 
authority of the Secretary of Transportation to provide insurance and 
reinsurance for a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United 
States Government under section 44305 is not effective after December 
31, 2018.''.

SEC. 1085. REVISION OF COMPENSATION OF MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL 
              COMMISSION ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) Revision.--Section 365(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat.1705) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``shall be compensated'' and inserting 
        ``may be compensated'';
            (2) by striking ``equal to'' and inserting ``not to 
        exceed''; and
            (3) by inserting ``of $155,400'' after ``annual rate''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to compensation for a duty performed on or after 
April 2, 2013.

SEC. 1086. PROTECTION OF TIER ONE TASK CRITICAL ASSETS FROM 
              ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE AND HIGH-POWERED MICROWAVE SYSTEMS.

    (a) Certification Required.--Not later than June 1, 2014, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
Security and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees certification that defense 
critical assets designated as tier one task critical assets 
(hereinafter referred to as ``TCAs'') that receive power supply from 
commercial or other non-military sources are protected from the adverse 
effects of man-made or naturally occurring electromagnetic pulse and 
high-powered microwave weapons. Any such assets found not to be so 
protected shall be included in the plan required under subsection (b).
    (b) Plan Required.--Not later than January 1, 2015, the Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security and 
the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan for tier one TCAs to receive 
electricity by means that are protected from the adverse effects of 
man-made or naturally occurring electromagnetic pulse and high-powered 
microwave weapons. The plan shall include the following elements:
            (1) An analysis of how the Department of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security and the 
        Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, plans to mitigate any 
        risks to mission assurance for non-certified tier one TCAs, 
        including any steps that may be needed for remediation.
            (2) The development or adoption by the Department, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security and the 
        Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, of a standard of 
        resistance or protection against man-made and natural 
        electromagnetic threats for electricity sources that supply 
        electricity to tier one TCAs.
            (3) The development by the Department, in consultation with 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Federal Energy 
        Regulatory Commission, of a strategy to certify by December 31, 
        2015, that all electricity sourced to tier one TCAs is provided 
        by facilities that meet the standard developed under paragraph 
        (2).
    (c) Preparation of Plan.--In preparing the plan required by 
subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Homeland Security and the Federal Energy Regulatory 
Commission, shall use the guidance and recommendations of the 
Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from 
Electromagnetic Pulse Attack established by section 1401 of the Floyd 
D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as 
enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-345).
    (d) Form of Submission.--The plan required by subsection (b) shall 
be submitted in classified form.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``task critical asset'' means an asset of such 
        extraordinary importance to operations in peace, crisis, and 
        war that its incapacitation or destruction would have a 
        debilitating effect on the ability of the Department of Defense 
        to fulfill its missions.
            (2) The term ``tier one'' with respect to a task critical 
        asset means such an asset the loss, incapacitation, or 
        disruption of which could result in mission (or function) 
        failure at the Department of Defense, military department, 
        combatant command, sub-unified command, Defense Agency, or 
        defense infrastructure sector level.

SEC. 1087. STRATEGY FOR FUTURE MILITARY INFORMATION OPERATIONS 
              CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement a strategy for developing and sustaining military information 
operations capabilities for future contingencies. The Secretary shall 
submit such strategy to the congressional defense committees by not 
later than February 1, 2014.
    (b) Contents of Strategy.--The strategy required in subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following:
            (1) A plan for the sustainment of existing capabilities 
        that have been developed during the ten-year period prior to 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, including such 
        capabilities developed using funds authorized to be 
        appropriated for overseas contingency operations.
            (2) A discussion of how the capabilities referred to in 
        paragraph (1) are being integrated into both operational plans 
        (OPLANS) and contingency plans (CONPLANS).
            (3) An assessment of the force structure that is necessary 
        to support operational planning and potential contingency 
        operations, including the relative balance across the active 
        and reserve components.
            (4) Estimates of the steady-state resources needed to 
        support the force structure referred to in paragraph (3), as 
        well as estimates for resources that might be needed based on 
        selected OPLANS and CONPLANS.
            (5) A description of how new and emerging technologies can 
        be incorporated into the projected force structure and future 
        OPLANS and CONPLANS.
            (6) A description of new capabilities that may be needed to 
        fill any identified gaps and programs that might be required to 
        develop such capabilities.

SEC. 1088. COMPLIANCE OF MILITARY DEPARTMENTS WITH MINIMUM SAFE 
              STAFFING STANDARDS.

    In implementing the sequester required by section 251A of the 
Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, as ordered 
on March 1, 2013, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all 
military departments remain fully compliant with minimum safe staffing 
standards, as outlined in the Department of Defense Fire and Emergency 
Services Program (DoD Instruction 6055.06).

SEC. 1089. DETERMINATION AND DISCLOSURE OF TRANSPORTATION COSTS 
              INCURRED BY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR CONGRESSIONAL TRIPS 
              OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Determination and Disclosure of Costs by Secretary.--In the 
case of a trip taken by a Member, officer, or employee of the House of 
Representatives or Senate in carrying out official duties outside the 
United States for which the Department of Defense provides 
transportation, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) determine the cost of the transportation provided with 
        respect to the Member, officer, or employee;
            (2) not later than 10 days after completion of the trip 
        involved, provide a written statement of the cost--
                    (A) to the Member, officer, or employee involved; 
                and
                    (B) to the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
                of Representatives (in the case of a trip taken by a 
                Member, officer, or employee of the House) or the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate (in the case 
                of a trip taken by a Member, officer, or employee of 
                the Senate); and
            (3) upon providing a written statement under paragraph (2), 
        make the statement available for viewing on the Secretary's 
        official public website until the expiration of the 4-year 
        period which begins on the final day of the trip involved.
    (b) Exceptions.--
            (1) Exceptions described.--This section does not apply with 
        respect to any trip for which any of the following applies:
                    (A) The purpose of the trip is to visit one or more 
                United States military installations or to visit United 
                States military personnel in a war zone (or both).
                    (B) The use of transportation provided by the 
                Department of Defense is necessary to protect the 
                safety and security of the individuals taking the trip.
            (2) Consultation.--In determining whether or not a trip is 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall 
        consult with the Speaker of the House of Representatives (in 
        the case of a trip taken by a Member, officer, or employee of 
        the House) or the Majority Leader of the Senate (in the case of 
        a trip taken by a Member, officer, or employee of the Senate).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Member.--The term ``Member'', with respect to the House 
        of Representatives, includes a Delegate or Resident 
        Commissioner to the Congress.
            (2) United states.--The term ``United States'' means the 
        several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, 
        the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and any other 
        territory or possession of the United States.
    (d) Effective Date.--This section shall apply with respect to trips 
taken on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, except that 
this section does not apply with respect to any trip which began prior 
to such date.

SEC. 1090. TRANSFER OR LOAN OF EQUIPMENT TO THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND 
              SECURITY RELATING TO BORDER SECURITY.

    The Secretary of Defense may coordinate with the Secretary of 
Homeland Security to identify and provide for the transfer or long-term 
loan to the Department of Homeland Security of equipment the Secretary 
of Defense determines to be excess and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security determines to be appropriate in order to increase situational 
awareness and achieve operational control of the international borders 
of the United States.

SEC. 1091. TRANSFER TO THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY OF THE 
              TETHERED AEROSTAT RADAR SYSTEM.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, not later than 
September 30, 2013, the Secretary of Defense is authorized to transfer 
to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of Homeland 
Security is authorized to accept from the Secretary of Defense, full 
contract ownership and management responsibilities for the existing 
Tethered Aerostat Radar System (TARS) program and contracts. Neither 
the Department of Defense nor the Department of Homeland Security shall 
be required to reimburse the other agency for any services under the 
TARS program.

SEC. 1092. SALE OR DONATION OF EXCESS PERSONAL PROPERTY FOR BORDER 
              SECURITY ACTIVITIES.

    Section 2576a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting ``border 
                security activities and'' before ``law enforcement 
                activities''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security,'' after ``Attorney 
                General''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by inserting ``border security 
        activities or'' before ``counter-drug''.

SEC. 1093. UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS AND NATIONAL AIRSPACE.

    (a) Memoranda of Understanding.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the Secretary of Defense may enter into a memorandum 
of understanding with a non-Department of Defense entity that is 
engaged in the test range program authorized under section 332(c) of 
the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note) to 
allow such entity to access nonregulatory special use airspace if such 
access--
            (1) is used by the entity as part of such test range 
        program; and
            (2) does not interfere with the activities of the Secretary 
        or otherwise interrupt or delay missions or training of the 
        Department of Defense.
    (b) Established Procedures.--The Secretary shall carry out 
subsection (a) using the established procedures of the Department of 
Defense with respect to entering into a memorandum of understanding.
    (c) Construction.--A memorandum of understanding entered into under 
subsection (a) between the Secretary and a non-Department of Defense 
entity shall not be construed as establishing the Secretary as a 
partner, proponent, or team member of such entity in the test range 
program specified in such subsection.

SEC. 1094. DAYS ON WHICH THE POW/MIA FLAG IS DISPLAYED ON CERTAIN 
              FEDERAL PROPERTY.

    Section 902 of title 36, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (c) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Days for Flag Display.--For the purposes of this section, 
POW/MIA flag display days are all days on which the flag of the United 
States is displayed.''.

SEC. 1095. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICES.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the use of improvised explosive devices (in this 
        section referred to as ``IEDs'') against members of the Armed 
        Forces or people of the United States should be condemned;
            (2) unwavering support for members of the Armed Forces, 
        first responders, and explosive ordnance disposal personnel of 
        the United States who face the threat of IEDs and put their 
        lives on the line to defeat them should be expressed;
            (3) all relevant agencies of the Government should be 
        called on to coordinate with international partners and other 
        responsible entities to reduce the use of IEDs and curb their 
        proliferation; and
            (4) the exchange of blast trauma research data should be 
        facilitated between all relevant agencies of the Government.

SEC. 1096. SENSE OF CONGRESS TO MAINTAIN A STRONG NATIONAL GUARD AND 
              MILITARY RESERVE FORCE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The first volunteer militia unit in America was formed 
        in 1636 in Massachusetts Bay, followed by other units in the 
        colonies of Virginia and Connecticut. the American founding 
        fathers wrote article I, section 8, of the United States 
        Constitution to keep the militia model, authorizing a standing 
        military force that could organize, train, and equip militia 
        volunteers when needed.
            (2) In World War I, nearly all National Guardsmen were 
        mobilized into Federal service, and while they represented only 
        15 percent of the total United States Army, they comprised 40 
        percent of the American divisions sent to France and sustained 
        43 percent of the casualties in combat. In World War II, the 
        National Guard comprised 19 Army divisions and 29 observation 
        squadrons with aircraft assigned to the United States Army Air 
        Forces.
            (3) On September 11, 2001, the first fighter jets over New 
        York City and Washington, DC, were Air National Guard F-15 and 
        F-16 aircraft from Massachusetts and North Dakota, with over 
        400 more Air National Guard fighter aircraft on alert by that 
        afternoon. Over 600,000 Air and Army National Guard soldiers 
        and airmen have deployed in the many campaigns since 9/11.
            (4) Air and Army National Guard soldiers and airmen have 
        been involved in countless domestic response missions, 
        including missions in response to hurricanes, tornadoes, 
        floods, and forest fires including the more recent events of 
        Superstorm Sandy and the tornados in Oklahoma.
            (5) The volunteer National Guard and Reserve have time and 
        again demonstrated their readiness to meet operational 
        requirements through cost-effective means.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense should make every effort to 
        ensure the Military Reserve and National Guard forces are 
        sustained by a fully manned and fully funded force and that the 
        United States fulfill its longstanding commitment to unyielding 
        readiness in terms of defense;
            (2) the Secretary of Defense should act with the knowledge 
        that the National Guard and Reserve are critical components to 
        the Armed Forces, particularly as means of preserving combat 
        power during a time of budget austerity; and
            (3) Congress repudiates proposals to diminish the National 
        Guard or Reserve and affirms the growth of these components as 
        circumstances warrant.

SEC. 1097. ACCESS OF EMPLOYEES OF CONGRESSIONAL SUPPORT OFFICES TO 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FACILITIES.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that Congressional support offices 
perform a critical role in enabling Congress to carry out its 
Constitutionally-mandated task of performing oversight of the executive 
branch.
    (b) Access in Same Manner as Employees of Defense Committees.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall provide employees of any Congressional 
support office who work on issues related to national security with 
access to facilities of the Department of Defense in the same manner, 
and subject to the same terms and conditions, as employees of the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
Senate.
    (c) Congressional Support Offices Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``Congressional support office'' means any of the following:
            (1) The Congressional Budget Office.
            (2) The Congressional Research Service of the Library of 
        Congress.
            (3) The Government Accountability Office.

SEC. 1098. COST OF WARS.

    The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Commissioner of 
the Internal Revenue Service and the Director of the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis, shall post on the public Web site of the Department of 
Defense the costs, including the relevant legacy costs, to each 
American taxpayer of each of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

SEC. 1099. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CONSIDERATION OF FOREIGN 
              LANGUAGES AND CULTURES IN THE BUILDING OF PARTNER 
              CAPACITY.

    It is the sense of Congress that the head of each element of the 
Department of Defense should take into consideration foreign languages 
and cultures during the development by such element of the Department 
of training, tools, and methodologies to engage in military-to-military 
activities and in the building of partner capacity.

SEC. 1099A. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING PRESERVATION OF SECOND 
              AMENDMENT RIGHTS OF ACTIVE DUTY MILITARY PERSONNEL 
              STATIONED OR RESIDING IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution 
        provides that the right of the people to keep and bear arms 
        shall not be infringed.
            (2) Approximately 40,000 servicemen and women across all 
        branches of the Armed Forces either live in or are stationed on 
        active duty within the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. 
        Unless these individuals are granted a waiver as serving in a 
        law enforcement role, they are subject to the District of 
        Columbia's onerous and highly restrictive laws on the 
        possession of firearms.
            (3) Military personnel, despite being extensively trained 
        in the proper and safe use of firearms, are therefore deprived 
        by the laws of the District of Columbia of handguns, rifles, 
        and shotguns that are commonly kept by law-abiding persons 
        throughout the United States for sporting use and for lawful 
        defense of their persons, homes, businesses, and families.
            (4) The District of Columbia has one of the highest per 
        capita murder rates in the Nation, which may be attributed in 
        part to previous local laws prohibiting possession of firearms 
        by law-abiding persons who would have otherwise been able to 
        defend themselves and their loved ones in their own homes and 
        businesses.
            (5) The Gun Control Act of 1968 (as amended by the Firearms 
        Owners' Protection Act) and the Brady Handgun Violence 
        Prevention Act provide comprehensive Federal regulations 
        applicable in the District of Columbia as elsewhere. In 
        addition, existing District of Columbia criminal laws punish 
        possession and illegal use of firearms by violent criminals and 
        felons. Consequently, there is no need for local laws that only 
        affect and disarm law-abiding citizens.
            (6) On June 26, 2008, the Supreme Court of the United 
        States in the case of District of Columbia v. Heller held that 
        the Second Amendment protects an individual's right to possess 
        a firearm for traditionally lawful purposes, and thus ruled 
        that the District of Columbia's handgun ban and requirements 
        that rifles and shotguns in the home be kept unloaded and 
        disassembled or outfitted with a trigger lock to be 
        unconstitutional.
            (7) On July 16, 2008, the District of Columbia enacted the 
        Firearms Control Emergency Amendment Act of 2008 (D.C. Act 17-
        422; 55 DCR 8237), which places onerous restrictions on the 
        ability of law-abiding citizens from possessing firearms, thus 
        violating the spirit by which the Supreme Court of the United 
        States ruled in District of Columbia v. Heller.
            (8) On February 26, 2009, the United States Senate adopted 
        an amendment on a bipartisan vote of 62-36 by Senator John 
        Ensign to S. 160, the District of Columbia House Voting Rights 
        Act of 2009, which would fully restore Second Amendment rights 
        to the citizens of the District of Columbia.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that active 
duty military personnel who are stationed or residing in the District 
of Columbia should be permitted to exercise fully their rights under 
the Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States and 
therefore should be exempt from the District of Columbia's restrictions 
on the possession of firearms.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

SEC. 1101. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ANNUAL LIMITATION 
              ON PREMIUM PAY AND AGGREGATE LIMITATION ON PAY FOR 
              FEDERAL CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES WORKING OVERSEAS.

    Effective January 1, 2014, section 1101(a) of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 
110-417; 122 Stat. 4615), as most recently amended by section 1101 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat. 1973), is further amended by striking ``through 
2013'' and inserting ``through 2014''.

SEC. 1102. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF DISCRETIONARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
              ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO PERSONNEL ON 
              OFFICIAL DUTY IN A COMBAT ZONE.

    Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane 
Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 120 Stat. 443), as added by section 
1102 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and most recently 
amended by section 1104 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 125 Stat. 1973), is further 
amended by striking ``2014'' and inserting ``2015''.

SEC. 1103. EXTENSION OF VOLUNTARY REDUCTION-IN-FORCE AUTHORITY FOR 
              CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 3502(f)(5) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2014'' and inserting ``September 30, 2015''.

SEC. 1104. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO MAKE LUMP-SUM SEVERANCE PAYMENTS 
              TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EMPLOYEES.

    Section 5595(i)(4) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2014'' and inserting ``October 1, 2018''.

SEC. 1105. REVISION TO AMOUNT OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND RESEARCH FOR 
              TRANSFORMATION (SMART) DEFENSE EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Paragraph (2) of section 2192a(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``the amount determined'' and all that follows 
through ``room and board'' and inserting ``an amount determined by the 
Secretary of Defense''.

SEC. 1106. EXTENSION OF PROGRAM FOR EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION-TECHNOLOGY 
              PERSONNEL.

    (a) In General.--Section 1110(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (5 U.S.C. 3702 note) is amended 
by striking ``2013.'' and inserting ``2023.''.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Section 1110(i) of such Act is amended 
by striking ``2015,'' and inserting ``2024,''.

SEC. 1107. DEFENSE SCIENCE INITIATIVE FOR PERSONNEL.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to 
assure the scientific and technological preeminence of its defense 
laboratories, which are essential to the national security, by 
requiring the Department of Defense to provide to its science and 
technology laboratories--
            (1) the personnel and support services needed to carry out 
        their mission; and
            (2) decentralized management authority.
    (b) Establishment of Initiative.--There is hereby established 
within the Department of Defense a program to be known as the Defense 
Science Initiative for Personnel (hereinafter in this section referred 
to as the ``Initiative'').
    (c) Laboratories Covered by Initiative.--The laboratories covered 
by the Initiative--
            (1) shall be those designated as Science and Technology 
        Reinvention Laboratories (hereinafter in this section referred 
        to as ``STRLs'') by the Secretary or by paragraph (2); and
            (2) shall include the laboratories enumerated in section 
        1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2010 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note), which laboratories are hereby 
        designated as STRLs.
    (d) Science and Engineering Degreed and Technical Positions at 
STRLs.--
            (1) In general.--The director of any STRL may appoint 
        qualified candidates, without regard to sections 3309-3319 of 
        title 5, United States Code, directly to scientific, technical, 
        engineering, mathematical, or medical positions within such 
        STRL, on either a temporary, term, or permanent basis.
            (2) Qualified candidate defined.--Notwithstanding any 
        provision of chapter 51 of title 5, United States Code, for 
        purposes of this subsection, the term ``qualified candidate'' 
        means an individual who is--
                    (A) a candidate who has earned a bachelor's or 
                master's degree;
                    (B) a student enrolled in a program of 
                undergraduate or graduate instruction leading to a 
                bachelor's or master's degree in a scientific, 
                technical, engineering, mathematical, or medical course 
                of study at an institution of higher education (as that 
                term is defined in section 101 of the Higher Education 
                Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)); or
                    (C) a veteran, as defined in section 2108 of title 
                5, United States Code, who served in the armed forces 
                in an engineering, scientific, or medical technician 
                occupational specialty.
            (3) Rule of construction.--Any exercise of authority under 
        paragraph (1) shall be considered to satisfy section 2301(b)(1) 
        of title 5, United States Code.
    (e) Exclusion From Personnel Limitations, etc.--The director of any 
STRL shall manage the workforce strength of such STRL--
            (1) without regard to any limitation on appointments or any 
        allocation of positions with respect to such STRL, subject to 
        paragraph (2); and
            (2) in a manner consistent with the budget available with 
        respect to such STRL.
    (f) Senior Executive Service Rotation Authority.--Section 3131 of 
title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``mission;'' and 
        inserting ``mission, subject to paragraph (15);'';
            (2) in paragraph (13), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (3) in paragraph (14), by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(15) permit the director of each Science and Technology 
        Reinvention Laboratory (as described in section 1107(c) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014) to 
        determine the duration of appointments for senior executives 
        (which shall in no event be less than 5 years), consistent with 
        carrying out the mission of that laboratory.''.
    (g) Senior Scientific Technical Managers.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is hereby established in each 
        STRL a category of senior professional scientific positions, 
        the incumbents of which shall be designated as ``senior 
        scientific technical managers'' and which shall be positions 
        classified above GS-15 of the General Schedule pursuant to 
        section 5108 of title 5, United States Code. The primary 
        functions of such positions shall be--
                    (A) to engage in research and development in the 
                physical, biological, medical, or engineering sciences, 
                or another field closely related to the mission of such 
                STRL; and
                    (B) to carry out technical supervisory 
                responsibilities.
            (2) Appointments.--The positions described in paragraph (1) 
        may be filled, and shall be managed, by the director of the 
        STRL involved, under criteria established pursuant to section 
        342(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 108 Stat. 2721), relating to 
        personnel demonstration projects at laboratories of the 
        Department of Defense, except that the director of the 
        laboratory involved shall determine the number of such 
        positions at such laboratory, not to exceed 3 percent of the 
        number of scientists and engineers (determined on a full-time 
        equivalent basis) employed at such laboratory at the end of the 
        fiscal year prior to the fiscal year in which any appointments 
        subject to that numerical limitation are made.
    (h) Selection and Compensation of Specially-qualified Scientific 
and Professional Personnel.--Section 3104 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) In addition to the number of positions authorized by 
subsection (a), the director of each Science and Technology Reinvention 
Laboratory (as described in section 1107(c) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014), may establish, without regard 
to the second sentence of subsection (a), such number of scientific or 
professional positions as may be necessary to carry out the research 
and development functions of the laboratory and which require the 
services of specially-qualified personnel. The selection process 
governing appointments made under this subsection shall be determined 
by the director of the laboratory involved, and the rate of basic pay 
for the employee holding any such position shall be set by the 
laboratory director at a rate not to exceed the rate for level II of 
the Executive Schedule.''.

SEC. 1108. COMPLIANCE WITH LAW REGARDING AVAILABILITY OF FUNDING FOR 
              CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

    (a) Regulations.--No later than 45 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations implementing the authority in subsection (a) of section 
1111 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
(Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 1580 note prec.).
    (b) Coordination.--The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), in 
consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness, shall be responsible for coordinating the preparation of the 
regulations required under subsection (a).
    (c) Limitations.--The regulations required under subsection (a) 
shall not be restricted by any civilian full-time equivalent or end-
strength limitation, nor shall such regulations require offsetting 
civilian pay funding, civilian full-time equivalents, or end-strength.

SEC. 1109. EXTENSION OF ENHANCED APPOINTMENT AND COMPENSATION AUTHORITY 
              FOR CIVILIAN PERSONNEL FOR CARE AND TREATMENT OF WOUNDED 
              AND INJURED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (c) of section 1599c of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' both places 
it appears and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (b) Repeal of Fulfilled Requirement.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c), as amended by 
        subsection (a), as subsection (b).
    (c) Repeal of References to Certain Title 5 Authorities.--
Subsection (a)(2)(A) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``sections 3304, 5333, and 5753 of title 
        5'' and inserting ``section 3304 of title 5''; and
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``the authorities in such 
        sections'' and inserting ``the authority in such section''.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

SEC. 1201. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
              PROGRAM TO BUILD THE CAPACITY OF FOREIGN MILITARY FORCES.

    (a) Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 1206 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 119 
Stat. 3456), as most recently amended by section 1206 of the Duncan 
Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public 
Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4625), is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) support the theater security priorities of a 
                Geographic Combatant Commander.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) To build the capacity of a foreign country's security 
        forces to conduct counterterrorism operations.''.
    (b) Annual Funding Limitation.--Subsection (c)(1) of section 1206 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006, as so 
amended, is further amended by striking ``$350,000,000'' and inserting 
``$425,000,000''.
    (c) Notification of Planning and Execution of Funds.--Subsection 
(e) of section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2006, as most recently amended by section 1201 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat. 1979), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4);
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) Notification of planning and execution of funds.--In 
        the budget materials submitted to the President by the 
        Secretary of Defense in connection with the submission to 
        Congress, pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States 
        Code, of the budget for fiscal year 2016, and each subsequent 
        fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) For programs to be conducted or supported 
                under subsection (a) (other than subsection (a)(1)(C)) 
                for such fiscal year, a description of the proposed 
                planning and execution of not less than 50 percent of 
                the total amount of funds to be made available for such 
                programs.
                    ``(B) For programs to be conducted or supported 
                under subsection (a)(1)(C) for such fiscal year, a 
                description of the proposed planning and execution of 
                100 percent of the total amount of funds to be made 
                available for such programs.''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (4), as so 
        redesignated, by striking ``Committee on International 
        Relations'' and inserting ``Committee on Foreign Affairs''.
    (d) Termination of Program.--Subsection (g) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006, as most recently amended by 
section 1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2013, is further amended by striking ``2014'' each place it appears and 
inserting ``2016''.
    (e) Repeal of Authority to Build the Capacity of Certain 
Counterterrorism Forces in Yemen and East Africa.--Section 1203 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat. 1980) is hereby repealed.

SEC. 1202. THREE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION FOR NON-CONVENTIONAL 
              ASSISTED RECOVERY CAPABILITIES.

    Section 943(h) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4579), as 
amended by section 1205(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1624), is further 
amended by striking ``2013'' and inserting ``2016''.

SEC. 1203. GLOBAL SECURITY CONTINGENCY FUND.

    (a) Authority.--Subsection (b) of section 1207 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
Stat. 1625; 22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``or regions'' after ``countries''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``and other national security forces'' and 
                inserting ``or other national security forces''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``and counterterrorism 
                        operations'' and inserting ``or 
                        counterterrorism operations''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end and 
                        inserting ``or''.
    (b) Notices to Congress.--Subsection (l) of such section is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(l) Notices to Congress.--Not less than 30 days before initiating 
an activity under a program of assistance under subsection (b), the 
Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense shall jointly submit to 
the specified congressional committees a notification that includes the 
following:
            ``(1) A request for the transfer of funds into the Fund 
        under subsection (f) or any other authority, including the 
        original source of the funds.
            ``(2) A detailed justification for the total anticipated 
        program plan for each country to include total anticipated 
        costs and the specific activities contained therein.
            ``(3) The budget, execution plan and timeline, and 
        anticipated completion date for the activity.
            ``(4) A list of other security-related assistance or 
        justice sector and stabilization assistance that the United 
        States is currently providing the country concerned and that is 
        related to or supported by the activity.
            ``(5) Such other information relating to the program or 
        activity as the Secretary of State or Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate.''.
    (c) Transitional Authorities; Annual Reports; Guidance and 
Processes for Exercise of Authority.--Such section, as so amended, is 
further amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (n);
            (2) by redesignating subsection (m) as subsection (n); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (l), as so amended, the 
        following new subsection:
    ``(m) Guidance and Processes for Exercise of Authority.--The 
Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense shall jointly submit a 
report to the specified congressional committees 15 days after the date 
on which the necessary guidance has been issued and processes for 
implementation of the authority in subsection (b). The Secretary of 
State and Secretary of Defense shall jointly submit additional reports 
not later than 15 days after the date on which any future modifications 
to the guidance and processes for implementation of the authority in 
subsection (b) are issued.''.
    (d) Funding.--Subsection (o) of such section is amended by striking 
``(o) Funding.--'' and all that follows through ``(2) fiscal years 2013 
and after.--'' and inserting ``(o) Funding.--''.

SEC. 1204. CODIFICATION OF NATIONAL GUARD STATE PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) State Partnership Program.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 1 of title 32, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 116. State Partnership Program
    ``(a) Purposes of Program.--The purposes of the State Partnership 
Program of the National Guard are the following:
            ``(1) To support the objectives of the commander of the 
        combatant command for the theater of operations in which such 
        contacts and activities are conducted.
            ``(2) To support the objectives of the United States chief 
        of mission of the partner nation with which contacts and 
        activities are conducted.
            ``(3) To build international partnerships and defense and 
        security capacity.
            ``(4) To strengthen cooperation between the departments and 
        agencies of the United States Government and agencies of 
        foreign governments to support building of defense and security 
        capacity.
            ``(5) To facilitate intergovernmental collaboration between 
        the United States Government and foreign governments in the 
        areas of defense and security.
            ``(6) To facilitate and enhance the exchange of information 
        between the United States Government and foreign governments on 
        matters relating to defense and security.
    ``(b) Availability of Appropriated Funds for Program.--(1) Funds 
appropriated to the Department of Defense, including funds appropriated 
for the Air and Army National Guard, shall be available for the payment 
of costs incurred by the National Guard to conduct activities under the 
State Partnership Program, whether those costs are incurred inside or 
outside the United States.
    ``(2) Costs incurred by the National Guard and covered under 
paragraph (1) may include the following:
            ``(A) Costs of pay and allowances of members of the 
        National Guard.
            ``(B) Travel and necessary expenses of United States 
        personnel outside of the Department of Defense in support of 
        the State Partnership Program.
            ``(C) Travel and necessary expenses of foreign participants 
        directly supporting activities under the State Partnership 
        Program.
    ``(c) Limitations on Use of Funds.--(1) Funds shall not be 
available under subsection (b) for activities conducted in a foreign 
country unless jointly approved by--
            ``(A) the commander of the combatant command concerned; and
            ``(B) the chief of mission concerned, with the concurrence 
        of the Secretary of State.
    ``(2) Funds shall not be available under subsection (b) for the 
participation of a member of the National Guard in activities in a 
foreign country unless the member is on active duty in the armed forces 
at the time of such participation.
    ``(3) Funds shall not be available under subsection (b) for 
interagency activities involving United States civilian personnel or 
foreign civilian personnel unless the participation of such personnel 
in such activities--
            ``(A) contributes to responsible management of defense 
        resources;
            ``(B) fosters greater respect for and understanding of the 
        principle of civilian control of the military;
            ``(C) contributes to cooperation between the United States 
        armed forces and civilian governmental agencies and foreign 
        military and civilian government agencies; or
            ``(D) improves international partnerships and capacity on 
        matters relating to defense and security.
    ``(d) Reimbursement.--(1) In the event of the participation of 
United States Government participants (other than personnel of the 
Department of Defense) in activities for which payment is made under 
subsection (b), the head of the department or agency concerned shall 
reimburse the Secretary of Defense for the costs associated with the 
participation of such personnel in such contacts and activities.
    ``(2) Amounts received under paragraph (1) shall be deposited in 
the appropriation or account from which amounts for the payment 
concerned were derived. Any amounts so deposited shall be merged with 
amounts in such appropriation or account, and shall be available for 
the same purposes, and subject to the same conditions and limitations, 
as amounts in such appropriation or account.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `State Partnership Program' means a program 
        that establishes a defense and security relationship between 
        the National Guard of a State or territory and the military and 
        security forces, and related disaster management, emergency 
        response, and security ministries, of a foreign country.
            ``(2) The term `activities', for purposes of the State 
        Partnership Program, means any military-to-military activities 
        or interagency activities for a purpose set forth in subsection 
        (a)(1).
            ``(3) The term `interagency activities' means the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Contacts between members of the National 
                Guard and foreign civilian personnel outside the 
                ministry of defense of the foreign country concerned on 
                a matter within the core competencies of the National 
                Guard.
                    ``(B) Contacts between United States civilian 
                personnel and members of the military and security 
                forces of a foreign country or foreign civilian 
                personnel on a matter within the core competencies of 
                the National Guard.
            ``(4) The term `matter within the core competencies of the 
        National Guard' means matters with respect to the following:
                    ``(A) Disaster response and mitigation.
                    ``(B) Defense support to civil authorities.
                    ``(C) Consequence management and installation 
                protection.
                    ``(D) Response to a chemical, biological, 
                radiological, nuclear, or explosives (CBRNE) event.
                    ``(E) Border and port security and cooperation with 
                civilian law enforcement.
                    ``(F) Search and rescue.
                    ``(G) Medicine.
                    ``(H) Counter-drug and counter-narcotics 
                activities.
                    ``(I) Public affairs.
                    ``(J) Employer support and family support for 
                reserve forces.
            ``(5) The term `United States civilian personnel' means the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Personnel of the United States Government 
                (including personnel of departments and agencies of the 
                United States Government other than the Department of 
                Defense) and personnel of State and local governments 
                of the United States.
                    ``(B) Members and employees of the legislative 
                branch of the United States Government.
                    ``(C) Non-governmental individuals.
            ``(6) The term `foreign civilian personnel' means the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Civilian personnel of a foreign government at 
                any level (including personnel of ministries other than 
                ministries of defense).
                    ``(B) Non-governmental individuals of a foreign 
                country.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 1 of such title is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:

``116. State Partnership Program.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 1210 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
Stat. 2517; 32 U.S.C. 107 note) is repealed.

SEC. 1205. AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT ACTIVITIES TO ENHANCE THE CAPABILITY OF 
              CERTAIN FOREIGN COUNTRIES TO RESPOND TO INCIDENTS 
              INVOLVING WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION IN SYRIA AND THE 
              REGION.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of 
the Secretary of State, may provide assistance to the military and 
civilian response organizations of Jordan, Kuwait, Bahrain, the United 
Arab Emirates, Iraq, Turkey, and other countries in the region of Syria 
in order for such countries to respond effectively to incidents 
involving weapons of mass destruction in Syria and the region.
    (b) Authorized Elements.--Assistance provided under this section 
may include training, equipment, and supplies.
    (c) Availability of Funds for Activities Across Fiscal Years.--The 
Secretary of Defense may use up to $4,000,000 of the funds made 
available to the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance 
for a fiscal year to carry out the program authorized in subsection (a) 
and may provide assistance under such program that begins in that 
fiscal year but ends in the next fiscal year.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date on which the 
authority of subsection (a) is first exercised, and annually thereafter 
through December 31, 2015, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives an annual 
report to include at least the following:
            (1) A detailed description by country of assistance 
        provided.
            (2) An overview of how such assistance fits into, and is 
        coordinated with, other United States efforts to build the 
        capability and capacity of countries in the region of Syria to 
        counter the threat of weapons of mass destruction in Syria and 
        the region.
            (3) A listing of equipment and supplies provided to 
        countries in the region of Syria.
            (4) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of State determine appropriate.
    (e) Expiration.--The authority provided under subsection (a) may 
not be exercised after September 30, 2015.

SEC. 1206. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT FOREIGN FORCES 
              PARTICIPATING IN OPERATIONS TO DISARM THE LORD'S 
              RESISTANCE ARMY.

    (a) Funding.--Subsection (c)(1) of section 1206 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
Stat. 1624) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``fiscal years 2012 and 2013'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal years 2012, 2013, and 2014''; and
            (2) by striking ``for operation and maintenance'' and 
        inserting ``to provide additional operation and maintenance 
        funds for overseas contingency operations being carried out by 
        the Armed Forces as specified in the funding table in section 
        4302''.
    (b) Expiration.--Subsection (h) of such section is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2013'' and inserting ``September 30, 2014''.

SEC. 1207. MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF OVERSEAS HUMANITARIAN, 
              DISASTER, AND CIVIC AID PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act to carry out sections 401, 402, 404, 407, 2557, and 2561 of 
title 10, United States Code, up to 5 percent of such amounts may be 
made available to conduct monitoring and evaluation of programs 
conducted pursuant to such authorities during fiscal year 2014.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
briefing to the appropriate congressional committees on mechanisms to 
evaluate the programs conducted pursuant to the authorities listed in 
subsection (a). The briefing shall include the following:
            (1) A description of how the Department of Defense 
        evaluates program and project outcomes and impact, including 
        cost effectiveness and extent to which programs meet designated 
        goals.
            (2) An analysis of steps taken to implement the 
        recommendations from the following reports:
                    (A) The Government Accountability Office's Report 
                entitled ``Project Evaluations and Better Information 
                Sharing Needed to Manage the Military's Efforts''.
                    (B) The Department of Defense Inspector General 
                Report numbered ``DODIG-2012-119''.
                    (C) The RAND Corporation's Report prepared for the 
                Office of the Secretary of Defense entitled 
                ``Developing a Prototype Handbook for Monitoring and 
                Evaluating Department of Defense Humanitarian 
                Assistance Projects''.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``appropriate 
congressional committees'' means the following:
            (1) The congressional defense committees.
            (2) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate.

    Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan

SEC. 1211. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR 
              REIMBURSEMENT OF CERTAIN COALITION NATIONS FOR SUPPORT 
              PROVIDED TO UNITED STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Extension of Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 1233 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 122 Stat. 393), as most recently amended by section 1227 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat. 2000), is further amended by striking ``for fiscal 
year 2013'' and inserting ``for fiscal year 2014''.
    (b) Limitation on Amounts Available.--Subsection (d) of such 
section, as so amended, is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``during fiscal year 2013 
        may not exceed $1,650,000,000'' and inserting ``during fiscal 
        year 2014 may not exceed $1,500,000,000''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Fiscal Year 2013'' and 
        inserting ``Fiscal Year 2014''.
    (c) Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan in Fiscal Year 2014 
Pending Certification on Pakistan.--
            (1) In general.--Effective as of the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, no amounts authorized to be appropriated by this 
        Act, and no amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
        years before fiscal year 2014 that remain available for 
        obligation, may be used for reimbursements of Pakistan under 
        the authority in subsection (a) of section 1233 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, as amended by 
        this section, until the Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees each of the following:
                    (A) That Pakistan is maintaining security and is 
                not through its actions or inactions at any level of 
                government limiting or otherwise restricting the 
                movement of United States equipment and supplies along 
                the Ground Lines of Communications (GLOCs) through 
                Pakistan to Afghanistan so that such equipment and 
                supplies can be transshipped and such equipment and 
                supplies can be retrograded out of Afghanistan.
                    (B) That Pakistan is taking demonstrable steps to--
                            (i) support counterterrorism operations 
                        against al Qaeda, Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, 
                        and other militant extremists groups such as 
                        the Haqqani Network and the Quetta Shura 
                        Taliban located in Pakistan;
                            (ii) disrupt the conduct of cross-border 
                        attacks against United States, coalition, and 
                        Afghanistan security forces located in 
                        Afghanistan by such groups (including the 
                        Haqqani Network and the Quetta Shura Taliban) 
                        from bases in Pakistan;
                            (iii) counter the threat of improvised 
                        explosive devices, including efforts to attack 
                        improvised explosive device networks, monitor 
                        known precursors used in improvised explosive 
                        devices, and systematically address the misuse 
                        of explosive materials (including calcium 
                        ammonium nitrate) and accessories and their 
                        supply to legitimate end-users in a manner that 
                        impedes the flow of improvised explosive 
                        devices and improvised explosive device 
                        components into Afghanistan; and
                            (iv) conduct cross-border coordination and 
                        communication with Afghan security forces and 
                        United States Armed Forces in Afghanistan.
                    (C) That Pakistan is not using its military or any 
                funds or equipment provided by the United States to 
                persecute minority groups for their legitimate and 
                nonviolent political and religious beliefs, including 
                the Balochi, Sindhi, and Hazara ethnic groups and 
                minority religious groups, including Christian, Hindu, 
                and Ahmadiyya Muslim.
            (2) Waiver authority.--The Secretary of Defense may waive 
        the limitation in paragraph (1) if the Secretary certifies to 
        the congressional defense committees in writing that the waiver 
        is in the national security interests of the United States and 
        includes with such certification a justification for the 
        waiver.

SEC. 1212. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO USE FUNDS FOR 
              REINTEGRATION ACTIVITIES IN AFGHANISTAN.

    Section 1216 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4392), as most 
recently amended by section 1218 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1990), is 
further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``$35,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$25,000,000''; and
                    (B) by striking ``for fiscal year 2013'' and 
                inserting ``for fiscal year 2014''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``December 31, 2013'' 
        and inserting ``December 31, 2014''.

SEC. 1213. EXTENSION OF COMMANDERS' EMERGENCY RESPONSE PROGRAM IN 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) One Year Extension.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1201 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
        Stat. 1619), as amended by section 1221 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
        Stat. 1992), is amended by striking ``fiscal year 2013'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``fiscal year 2014''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The heading of subsection (a) of 
        such section is amended by striking ``Fiscal Year 2013'' and 
        inserting ``Fiscal Year 2014''.
    (b) Amount of Funds Available During Fiscal Year 2014.--Subsection 
(a) of such section is further amended by striking ``$200,000,000'' and 
inserting ``$60,000,000''.

SEC. 1214. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES 
              OF THE OFFICE OF SECURITY COOPERATION IN IRAQ.

    (a) Limitation on Amount.--Subsection (c) of section 1215 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 125 Stat. 1631), as amended by section 1211 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 1982), is further amended by striking ``fiscal year 2012'' and 
all that follows and inserting ``fiscal year 2014 may not exceed 
$209,000,000.''.
    (b) Source of Funds.--Subsection (d) of such section, as so 
amended, is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2012 or fiscal year 2013'' 
        and inserting ``fiscal year 2014''; and
            (2) by striking ``fiscal year 2012 or 2013, as the case may 
        be,'' and inserting ``that fiscal year''.
    (c) Additional Authority for the Activities of the Office of 
Security Cooperation in Iraq.--Subsection (f) of such section, as so 
amended, is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2013'' and inserting ``fiscal 
        year 2014''; and
            (2) by striking ``and Counter Terrorism Service''.

SEC. 1215. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR PROGRAM 
              TO DEVELOP AND CARRY OUT INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS IN 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    Section 1217(f) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4393), as most 
recently amended by section 1219 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1991), is 
further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following 
        new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Up to $279,000,000 made available to the 
                Department of Defense for operation and maintenance for 
                fiscal year 2014.'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``fiscal year 2011'' and 
                        inserting ``fiscal year 2013''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, or phase of a 
                        project,'' after ``each project'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (D); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) An assessment of the capability of the Afghan 
                National Security Forces (ANSF) to provide security for 
                such project after January 1, 2015, including ANSF 
                force levels required to secure the project. Such 
                assessment should include the estimated costs of 
                providing security and whether or not the Government of 
                Afghanistan is committed to providing such security.''; 
                and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the following 
        new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) In the case of funds for fiscal year 2014, 
                until September 30, 2015.''.

SEC. 1216. SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISAS FOR CERTAIN IRAQI AND AFGHAN ALLIES.

    (a) Protection for Afghan Allies.--Section 602(b) of the Afghan 
Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(A)(ii), by striking ``on or after 
        October 7, 2001,'' and inserting ``during the period beginning 
        on October 7, 2001, and ending on December 31, 2014,'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)(D), by adding at the end the 
        following: ``A principal alien described in subparagraph (A) 
        seeking special immigrant status under this section shall apply 
        for an approval described in this subparagraph not later than 
        September 30, 2015.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``2013.'' and 
        inserting ``2013, and may not exceed 435 for each of fiscal 
        years 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018.''.
    (b) Special Immigrant Status for Certain Iraqis.--Section 
1244(a)(1) of the Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act of 2007 (8 U.S.C. 1157 
note) is amended by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting 
``on or before the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014;''.

SEC. 1217. REQUIREMENT TO WITHHOLD DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ASSISTANCE TO 
              AFGHANISTAN IN AMOUNT EQUIVALENT TO 100 PERCENT OF ALL 
              TAXES ASSESSED BY AFGHANISTAN TO EXTENT SUCH TAXES ARE 
              NOT REIMBURSED BY AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Requirement to Withhold Assistance to Afghanistan.--An amount 
equivalent to 100 percent of the total taxes assessed during fiscal 
year 2013 by the Government of Afghanistan on all Department of Defense 
assistance shall be withheld by the Secretary of Defense from 
obligation from funds appropriated for such assistance for fiscal year 
2014 to the extent that the Secretary of Defense certifies and reports 
in writing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives that such taxes have not been reimbursed by 
the Government of Afghanistan to the Department of Defense or the 
grantee, contractor, or subcontractor concerned.
    (b) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
requirement in subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that such a 
waiver is necessary to achieve United States goals in Afghanistan.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the total taxes assessed during fiscal year 
2013 by the Government of Afghanistan on all Department of Defense 
assistance.
    (d) Department of Defense Assistance Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``Department of Defense assistance'' means funds provided during 
fiscal year 2013 to Afghanistan by the Department of Defense, either 
directly or through grantees, contractors, or subcontractors.

SEC. 1218. IMPROVEMENT OF THE IRAQI SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAM.

    The Refugee Crisis in Iraq Act of 2007 (8 U.S.C. 1157 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in section 1242, by amending subsection (c) to read as 
        follows:
    ``(c) Improved Application Process.--Not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014,'';
            (2) in section 1244, as amended by this Act, is further 
        amended--
                    (A) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) In General.--Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, or, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
Secretary of State in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, may provide an alien described in subsection (b) with the 
status of a special immigrant under section 101(a)(27) of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 (a)(27)), and shall, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Defense, ensure efficiency by which 
applications for special immigrant visas under section 1244(a) are 
processed so that all steps incidental to the issuance of such visas, 
including required screenings and background checks, are completed not 
later than 9 months after the date on which an eligible alien applies 
for such visa, if the alien--''.
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (4) by adding at the end 
                        the following:
                    ``(A) Review process for denial by chief of 
                mission.--
                            ``(i) In general.--An applicant who has 
                        been denied Chief of Mission approval required 
                        by subparagraph (A) shall--
                                    ``(I) receive a written decision; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) be provided 120 days from 
                                the date of the decision to request 
                                reopening of the decision to provide 
                                additional information, clarify 
                                existing information, or explain any 
                                unfavorable information.
                            ``(ii) Senior coordinator.--The Secretary 
                        of State shall designate, in the Embassy of the 
                        United States in Baghdad, Iraq, a senior 
                        coordinator responsible for overseeing the 
                        efficiency and integrity of the processing of 
                        special immigrant visas under this section, who 
                        shall be given--
                                    ``(I) sufficiently high security 
                                clearance to review Chief of Mission 
                                denials in cases that appear to have 
                                relied upon insufficient or incorrect 
                                information; and
                                    ``(II) responsibility for ensuring 
                                that an applicant described in clause 
                                (i) receives the information described 
                                in clause (i)(I).''.
            (3) in section 1248, by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Report on Improvements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
        of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2014, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of 
        Defense, shall submit a report, with a classified annex, if 
        necessary, to--
                    ``(A) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
                    ``(B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate;
                    ``(C) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                    ``(D) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives.
            ``(2) Contents.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall describe the implementation of improvements to the 
        processing of applications for special immigrant visas under 
        section 1244(a), including information relating to--
                    ``(A) enhancing existing systems for conducting 
                background and security checks of persons applying for 
                special immigrant status, which shall--
                            ``(i) support immigration security; and
                            ``(ii) provide for the orderly processing 
                        of such applications without delay;
                    ``(B) the financial, security, and personnel 
                considerations and resources necessary to carry out 
                this subtitle;
                    ``(C) the number of aliens who have applied for 
                special immigrant visas under section 1244 during each 
                month of the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(D) the reasons for the failure to expeditiously 
                process any applications that have been pending for 
                longer than 9 months;
                    ``(E) the total number of applications that are 
                pending due to the failure--
                            ``(i) to receive approval from the Chief of 
                        Mission;
                            ``(ii) for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
                        Services to complete the adjudication of the 
                        Form I-360;
                            ``(iii) to conduct a visa interview; or
                            ``(iv) to issue the visa to an eligible 
                        alien;
                    ``(F) the average wait times for an applicant at 
                each of the stages described in subparagraph (E);
                    ``(G) the number of denials or rejections at each 
                of the stages described in subparagraph (E); and
                    ``(H) a breakdown of reasons for denials at by the 
                Chief of Mission based on the categories already made 
                available to denied special immigrant visa applicants 
                in the denial letter sent to them by the Chief of 
                Mission.
    ``(g) Public Quarterly Reports.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014, and every 3 months thereafter, the Secretary of State 
and the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense, shall publish a report on the website of the 
Department of State that describes the efficiency improvements made in 
the process by which applications for special immigrant visas under 
section 1244(a) are processed, including information described in 
subparagraphs (C) through (H) of subsection (f)(2).''.

SEC. 1219. IMPROVEMENT OF THE AFGHAN SPECIAL IMMIGRANT VISA PROGRAM.

    Section 602(b) of the Afghan Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 
U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D)--
                            (i) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(ii) Review process for denial by chief 
                        of mission.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--An applicant who 
                                has been denied Chief of Mission 
                                approval shall--
                                            ``(aa) receive a written 
                                        decision; and
                                            ``(bb) be provided 120 days 
                                        from the date of receipt of 
                                        such opinion to request 
                                        reconsideration of the decision 
                                        to provide additional 
                                        information, clarify existing 
                                        information, or explain any 
                                        unfavorable information.
                                    ``(II) Senior coordinator.--The 
                                Secretary of State shall designate, in 
                                the Embassy of the United States in 
                                Kabul, Afghanistan, a senior 
                                coordinator responsible for overseeing 
                                the efficiency and integrity of the 
                                processing of special immigrant visas 
                                under this section, who shall be 
                                given--
                                            ``(aa) sufficiently high 
                                        security clearance to review 
                                        Chief of Mission denials in 
                                        cases that appear to have 
                                        relied upon insufficient or 
                                        incorrect information; and
                                            ``(bb) responsibility for 
                                        ensuring that an applicant 
                                        described in subclause (I) 
                                        receives the information 
                                        described in subclause 
                                        (I)(aa).'';
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Prohibition on 
                fees'' and inserting ``Application process'';
                    (B) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after 
                the date of enactment of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, the Secretary 
                of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security, in 
                consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall 
                improve the efficiency by which applications for 
                special immigrant visas under paragraph (1) are 
                processed so that all steps incidental to the issuance 
                of such visas, including required screenings and 
                background checks, are completed not later than 6 
                months after the date on which an eligible alien 
                applies for such visa.
                    ``(B) Prohibition on fees.--The Secretary''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) Report on improvements.--Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, the Secretary of State 
        and the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with 
        the Secretary of Defense, shall submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report, with a classified annex, if 
        necessary, that describes the implementation of improvements to 
        the processing of applications for special immigrant visas 
        under this subsection, including information relating to--
                    ``(A) enhancing existing systems for conducting 
                background and security checks of persons applying for 
                special immigrant status, which shall--
                            ``(i) support immigration security; and
                            ``(ii) provide for the orderly processing 
                        of such applications without delay;
                    ``(B) the financial, security, and personnel 
                considerations and resources necessary to carry out 
                this section;
                    ``(C) the number of aliens who have applied for 
                special immigrant visas under this subsection during 
                each month of the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(D) the reasons for the failure to expeditiously 
                process any applications that have been pending for 
                longer than 9 months;
                    ``(E) the total number of applications that are 
                pending due to the failure--
                            ``(i) to receive approval from the Chief of 
                        Mission;
                            ``(ii) for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration 
                        Services to complete the adjudication of the 
                        Form I-360;
                            ``(iii) to conduct a visa interview; or
                            ``(iv) to issue the visa to an eligible 
                        alien;
                    ``(F) the average wait times for an applicant at 
                each of the stages described in subparagraph (E);
                    ``(G) the number of denials or rejections at each 
                of the stages described in subparagraph (E); and
                    ``(H) a breakdown of reasons for denials by the 
                Chief of Mission based on the categories already made 
                available to denied special immigrant visa applicants 
                in the denial letter sent to them by the Chief of 
                Mission.
            ``(13) Public quarterly reports.--Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, and every 3 months 
        thereafter, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of 
        Defense, shall publish a report on the website of the 
        Department of State that describes the efficiency improvements 
        made in the process by which applications for special immigrant 
        visas under this subsection are processed, including 
        information described in subparagraph (C) through (H) of 
        paragraph (12).''.

SEC. 1220. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    (a) Purpose.--Expressing the Sense of the House or Representatives 
that the Special Immigration Visa programs authorized in the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 and the Afghan Allies 
Protection Act of 2009 are critical to the United States national 
security, and that these programs must be reformed and extended in 
order to meet the Congressional intent with which they were created.
    (b) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Congress created the Special Immigration Visa program 
        for the purposes of protecting and aiding the many brave Iraqis 
        and Afghans whose lives, and the lives of their families, were 
        endangered as a result of their faithful and valuable service 
        to the United States during Operations Enduring Freedom and 
        Iraqi Freedom.
            (2) The Iraq Special Immigrant Visa program is set to 
        expire at the end of fiscal year 2013.
            (3) The Afghanistan Special Immigrant Visa program is set 
        to expire at the end of fiscal year 2014.
            (4) Despite the pending expiration of the Special Immigrant 
        Visa programs, many brave Iraqis, Afghans, and their families, 
        continue to face ongoing and serious threats as a result of 
        their employment by or on behalf of the United States 
        Government.
            (5) Between FY08-FY12, only 22 percent of the available 
        Iraqi SIVs (5,500 visas out of 25,000 visas) have been issued 
        and 12 percent of the available Afghan SIVs (1,051 visas out of 
        8,500 visas) have been issued.
            (6) As the Washington Post reported in October 2012, over 
        5,000 documentarily complete Afghan SIV applications remained 
        in a backlog.
            (7) The implementation of the Special Immigration Visa 
        programs has been protracted and inefficient.
            (8) The application and approval process for the Special 
        Immigration Visa program is unnecessarily opaque and difficult 
        to navigate.
            (9) Applicants in both Iraq and Afghanistan often have 
        effusive recommendations from numerous military personnel, have 
        served the United States war efforts for many years, and have 
        served valiantly, in some instances literally taking a bullet 
        for a United States service member, and yet are denied approval 
        for a Special Immigration Visa with little to no transparency.
            (10) Overly narrow provisions contained in the Afghan 
        Allies Protection Act of 2009 leave many deserving Afghans and 
        their families in need of United States assistance, but unable 
        to access the Special Immigration Visa program.
            (11) The United States has a responsibility to follow 
        through on its promise to protect those Iraqis and Afghans who 
        have risked their lives to aid our troops and protect America's 
        security.
            (12) The extension and reform of the Iraq and Afghanistan 
        Special Immigrant Visa programs is a matter of national 
        security.
            (13) The extension and reform of the Afghan Special 
        Immigrant Visa program is essential to the United States 
        mission in Afghanistan.
    (c) Sense of the House.--It is the sense of the House of 
Representatives that the Iraq and Afghanistan Special Immigrant Visa 
programs should be--
            (1) reformed by--
                    (A) ensuring applications are processed in a 
                timely, and transparent fashion;
                    (B) providing parity between the two Special 
                Immigrant Visa programs so that Afghan principal 
                applicants, like Iraqi principal applicants, are able 
                to include their spouse, children, siblings, and 
                parents; and
                    (C) expanding eligibility for the Special Immigrant 
                Visa programs to Afghan or Iraqi men and women employed 
                by, or on behalf of, a media or nongovernmental 
                organization headquartered in the United States, or an 
                organization or entity closely associated with the 
                United States mission in Iraq or Afghanistan that has 
                received United States Government funding through an 
                official and documented contract, award, grant, or 
                cooperative agreement; and
            (2) extended in--
                    (A) Iraq through the year 2018, without authorizing 
                any additional Special Immigrant Visas as authorized in 
                the original statue; and
                    (B) Afghanistan through the year 2018, without 
                authorizing any additional Special Immigrant Visas as 
                authorized in the original statue.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Afghanistan Post 2014

SEC. 1221. MODIFICATION OF REPORT ON PROGRESS TOWARD SECURITY AND 
              STABILITY IN AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 1230 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 385), as most 
recently amended by section 1214(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1986), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (h), (i), and (j), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(f) Matters to Be Included: Redeployment of United States Armed 
Forces From Afghanistan.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include a detailed description of the following matters relating 
to the redeployment of United States Armed Forces from Afghanistan:
            ``(1) The number and a description of United States Armed 
        Forces redeployed, vehicles and equipment redeployed, and bases 
        closed during the reporting period.
            ``(2) A summary of tasks and functions conducted by the 
        United States Armed Forces or the Department of Defense that 
        have been transferred to other United States Government 
        departments and agencies, Afghan Government ministries and 
        agencies, other foreign governments, or nongovernmental 
        organizations, or discontinued during the reporting period. The 
        summary shall include a discussion of the formal and informal 
        arrangements and working groups that have been established to 
        coordinate and execute the transfer of such tasks and 
        functions.
    ``(g) Matters to Be Included: Assessment of Capability of ANSF to 
Provide Operations and Maintenance Functions.--The report required 
under subsection (a) shall include a detailed assessment of the 
capability of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) to provide 
operations and maintenance functions for infrastructure projects 
constructed for the ANSF after January 1, 2015, including--
            ``(1) a description of training provided to the ANSF by the 
        United States and the International Security Assistance Force;
            ``(2) a comprehensive evaluation of operations and 
        maintenance capabilities and skills; and
            ``(3) the Government of Afghanistan's financial wherewithal 
        to perform or contract out such functions.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made this section apply with 
respect to any report required to be submitted under section 1230 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 122 Stat. 385) on or after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 1222. COMPLETION OF ACCELERATED TRANSITION OF UNITED STATES COMBAT 
              AND MILITARY AND SECURITY OPERATIONS TO THE GOVERNMENT OF 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) In General.--It is the policy of the United States that, in 
coordination with the Government of Afghanistan, North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization (NATO) member countries, and other allies in Afghanistan, 
the President shall--
            (1) complete the accelerated transition of United States 
        combat operations to the Government of Afghanistan by not later 
        than December 31, 2013;
            (2) complete the accelerated transition of United States 
        military and security operations to the Government of 
        Afghanistan and redeploy United States Armed Forces from 
        Afghanistan (including operations involving military and 
        security-related contractors) by not later than December 31, 
        2014; and
            (3) pursue robust negotiations leading to a political 
        settlement and reconciliation of the internal conflict in 
        Afghanistan, to include the Government of Afghanistan, all 
        interested parties within Afghanistan and with the observance 
        and support of representatives of donor nations active in 
        Afghanistan and regional governments and partners in order to 
        secure a secure and independent Afghanistan and regional 
        security and stability.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that should the 
President determine the necessity to maintain United States troops in 
Afghanistan to carry out missions after December 31, 2014, and such 
presence and missions should be authorized by a separate vote of 
Congress not later than June 1, 2014.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed so as to limit or prohibit any authority of the President 
to--
            (1) modify the military strategy, tactics, and operations 
        of United States Armed Forces as such Armed Forces redeploy 
        from Afghanistan;
            (2) attack Al Qaeda forces wherever such forces are 
        located;
            (3) provide financial support and equipment to the 
        Government of Afghanistan for the training and supply of 
        Afghanistan military and security forces; or
            (4) gather, provide, and share intelligence with United 
        States allies operating in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

SEC. 1223. DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE PLAN.

    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the Select Committee 
on Intelligence of the Senate a Department of Defense plan regarding 
covered defense intelligence assets in relation to the drawdown of the 
United States Armed Forces in Afghanistan. Such plan shall include--
            (1) a description of the covered defense intelligence 
        assets;
            (2) a description of any such assets to remain in 
        Afghanistan after December 31, 2014, to continue to support 
        military operations;
            (3) a description of any such assets that will be or have 
        been reallocated to other locations outside of the United 
        States in support of the Department of Defense;
            (4) the defense intelligence priorities that will be or 
        have been addressed with the reallocation of such assets from 
        Afghanistan;
            (5) the necessary logistics, operations, and maintenance 
        plans to operate in the locations where such assets will be or 
        have been reallocated, including personnel, basing, and any 
        host country agreements; and
            (6) a description of any such assets that will be or have 
        been returned to the United States.
    (b) Covered Defense Intelligence Assets Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``covered defense intelligence assets'' means Department of 
Defense intelligence assets and personnel supporting military 
operations in Afghanistan at any time during the one-year period ending 
on the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1224. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN AUTHORITIES 
              FOR AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Reintegration Activities and Infrastructure Projects in 
Afghanistan.--
            (1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act may be obligated or expended to carry 
        out the provisions of law described in paragraph (2) until 15 
        days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits 
        to the specified congressional committees the certification 
        described in subsection (d).
            (2) Provisions of law.--The provisions of law referred to 
        in paragraph (1) are the following:
                    (A) Section 1216 of the Ike Skelton National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
                Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4392; relating to authority to 
                use funds for reintegration activities in Afghanistan).
                    (B) Section 1217 of the Ike Skelton National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
                Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4393; relating to authority for 
                program to develop and carry out infrastructure 
                projects in Afghanistan).
    (b) Commanders' Emergency Response Program in Afghanistan.--Of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act to carry out section 
1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
(Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1619; relating to the Commanders' 
Emergency Response Program in Afghanistan), $45,000,000 may not be 
obligated or expended until 15 days after the date on which the 
Secretary of Defense submits to the specified congressional committees 
the certification described in subsection (d).
    (c) Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.--Of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated by this Act for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund, 
$2,615,000,000 may not be obligated or expended until 15 days after the 
date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the specified 
congressional committees the certification described in subsection (d).
    (d) Certification Described.--The certification referred to in 
subsections (a), (b), and (c) is a certification of the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, that the United 
States and Afghanistan have signed a bilateral security agreement 
that--
            (1) protects the Department of Defense, its military and 
        civilian personnel, and contractors from liability to pay any 
        tax, or similar charge, associated with efforts to carry out 
        missions in the territory of Afghanistan that have been agreed 
        to by both the Government of the United States and the 
        Government of Afghanistan;
            (2) ensures exclusive jurisdiction for the United States 
        over United States Armed Forces located in Afghanistan;
            (3) ensures that there is no infringement on the right of 
        self-defense of the United States military mission or United 
        States military personnel in Afghanistan;
            (4) ensures that the United States military in Afghanistan 
        is permitted to take the efforts deemed necessary to protect 
        other United States Government offices and personnel in 
        Afghanistan as may be required;
            (5) ensures that the United States military mission in 
        Afghanistan has sufficient access to bases and basing rights as 
        may be necessary to carry out the activities in Afghanistan 
        that the President has assigned to the military; and
            (6) ensures that the United States has the freedom of 
        movement to carry out those military missions as may be 
        required to continue the effort to defeat al Qaeda and its 
        associated forces.
    (e) Specified Congressional Committees.--In this section, the term 
``specified congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
        the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives.

SEC. 1225. LIMITATION ON FUNDS TO ESTABLISH PERMANENT MILITARY 
              INSTALLATIONS OR BASES IN AFGHANISTAN.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
obligated or expended by the United States Government to establish any 
military installation or base for the purpose of providing for the 
permanent stationing of United States Armed Forces in Afghanistan.

                  Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Iran

SEC. 1231. REPORT ON UNITED STATES MILITARY PARTNERSHIP WITH GULF 
              COOPERATION COUNCIL COUNTRIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the United States military 
partnership with Gulf Cooperation Council countries.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) An explanation of the steps that the Department of 
        Defense is taking to improve the interoperability of United 
        States-Gulf Cooperation Council countries missile defense 
        systems.
            (2) An outline of the defense agreements with Gulf 
        Cooperation Council countries, including caveats and 
        restrictions on United States operations.
            (3) An outline of United States efforts in Gulf Cooperation 
        Council countries that are funded by overseas contingency 
        operations funding, an explanation of overseas contingency 
        operations funding for such efforts, and a plan to transition 
        overseas contingency operations funding for such efforts to 
        long-term, sustainable funding sources.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex, if necessary.

SEC. 1232. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS IN ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY POWER OF 
              IRAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 1245(b)(3) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 
2542) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) a description of the strategy and structure 
                of the global Iranian Threat Network and an assessment 
                of the capability of such Network and how such Network 
                operates to reinforce Iran's grand strategy;
                    ``(F) a description of the gaps in intelligence of 
                the Department of Defense with respect to Iran and a 
                prioritization of those gaps in intelligence by 
                operational need; and
                    ``(G) an analysis of how sanctions on Iran are 
                effecting its military capability and its ability to 
                export terrorism to proxy groups within its Threat 
                Network.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply with 
respect to reports required to be submitted under section 1245 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010, as so amended, 
on or after that date.

SEC. 1233. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE DEFENSE OF THE ARABIAN GULF.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) In response to U.S. Central Command requirements, the 
        United States Navy has maintained, on average, more than one 
        aircraft carrier in the Arabian Gulf for more than five years.
            (2) In February 2013, the senior leadership of the 
        Department of Defense elected to reduce the number of aircraft 
        carriers deployed to the Arabian Gulf in light of budget 
        constraints and limitation of the overall carrier force 
        structure to support the two aircraft carrier requirement.
            (3) In reference to the decision to indefinitely delay the 
        deployment of the USS Harry Truman, CVN 75, and the USS 
        Gettysburg, its cruiser escort, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, 
        General Martin Dempsey stated, ``We're trying to stretch our 
        readiness out by keeping this particular carrier in homeport in 
        our global response force, so if something happens elsewhere in 
        the world, we can respond to it. Had we deployed it and 
        `consumed' that readiness, we could have created a situation 
        where downstream we wouldn't have a carrier present in certain 
        parts of the world at all.''.
            (4) Highlighting the risks of having only one aircraft 
        carrier in the region and relying on land-based aircraft, 
        General Dempsey stated, ``When you have carrier-based aircraft, 
        you have complete autonomy and control over when you use them. 
        When you use land-based aircraft, you often have to have host-
        nation permission to use them.''.
            (5) Addressing the perception of the United States 
        commitment to the region, General James Mattis, Commander of 
        U.S. Central Command, testified in March 2013, ``Perhaps the 
        greatest risk to U.S. interests in the region is a perceived 
        lack of an enduring U.S. commitment to collective interests and 
        the security of our regional partners.''. He went on to testify 
        that, ``The drawdown of our forces can be misinterpreted as a 
        lack of attention, a lack of commitment to the region.''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) maintaining only one aircraft carrier battle group in 
        the Arabian Gulf constrains United States' options and could 
        put at risk the ability to have diversified platforms from 
        which to defend the Arabian Gulf and, if necessary, to conduct 
        military operations to prevent Iran from threatening the United 
        States, United States allies, or Iran's neighbors with nuclear 
        weapons;
            (2) it is in the interests of the United States to maintain 
        both land-based and sea-based capabilities in the region to 
        project force;
            (3) land-based locations in the region could restrict 
        United States military options and critically impact the 
        operational capability if required to conduct a defense of the 
        Arabian Gulf because the United States has not finalized 
        bilateral security agreements with key Gulf Cooperation Council 
        countries;
            (4) as a result of these and other critical limitations 
        associated with maintaining one aircraft carrier battle group 
        in the Arabian Gulf, United States military commanders have 
        expressed concerns about the operational constraints, the 
        increasing uncertainty among United States allies, and the 
        emboldening of potential adversaries such as Iran;
            (5) regarding the ability of the United States Navy to 
        maintain a two aircraft carrier presence in the Arabian Gulf, 
        the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Jonathan Greenert, 
        stated, ``We need 11 carriers to do the job. That's been pretty 
        clearly written, and that's underwritten in our defense 
        strategic guidance.''.
            (6) the United States should construct and sufficiently 
        sustain a fleet of at least eleven aircraft carriers and 
        associated battle force ships in order to meet current and 
        future requirements and to support at least a two aircraft 
        carrier battle group presence in the Arabian Gulf, in addition 
        to meeting other operational requirements; and
            (7) the United States should finalize bilateral agreements 
        with key Gulf Cooperation Council countries that support the 
        Defense of the Arabian Gulf requirements, at the earliest 
        possible date.

SEC. 1234. INTEGRATED AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAMS AT TRAINING 
              LOCATIONS IN SOUTHWEST ASIA.

    Section 544(c)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2347c(c)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by inserting after ``programs'' 
        the following: ``and integrated air and missile defense 
        programs''; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``post-
        undergraduate flying and tactical leadership'' and inserting 
        ``such''.

SEC. 1235. STATEMENT OF POLICY ON CONDEMNING THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAN FOR 
              ITS STATE-SPONSORED PERSECUTION OF ITS BAHA'I MINORITY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) In 1982, 1984, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2000, 
        2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, and 2013, Congress declared that it 
        deplored the religious persecution by the Government of Iran of 
        the Baha'i community and would hold the Government of Iran 
        responsible for upholding the rights of all Iranian nationals, 
        including members of the Baha'i faith.
            (2) The United States Commission on International Religious 
        Freedom 2012 Report stated, ``The Baha'i community has long 
        been subject to particularly severe religious freedom 
        violations in Iran. Baha'is, who number at least 300,000, are 
        viewed as `heretics' by Iranian authorities and may face 
        repression on the grounds of apostasy.''.
            (3) The United States Commission on International Religious 
        Freedom 2012 Report stated, ``Since 1979, Iranian government 
        authorities have killed more than 200 Baha'i leaders in Iran 
        and dismissed more than 10,000 from government and university 
        jobs.''.
            (4) The United States Commission on International Religious 
        Freedom 2012 Report stated, ``Baha'is may not establish places 
        of worship, schools, or any independent religious associations 
        in Iran.''.
            (5) The United States Commission on International Religious 
        Freedom 2012 Report stated, ``Baha'is are barred from the 
        military and denied government jobs and pensions as well as the 
        right to inherit property. Their marriages and divorces also 
        are not recognized, and they have difficulty obtaining death 
        certificates. Baha'i cemeteries, holy places, and community 
        properties are often seized or desecrated, and many important 
        religious sites have been destroyed.''.
            (6) The United States Commission on International Religious 
        Freedom 2012 Report stated, ``The Baha'i community faces severe 
        economic pressure, including denials of jobs in both the public 
        and private sectors and of business licenses. Iranian 
        authorities often pressure employers of Baha'is to dismiss them 
        from employment in the private sector.''.
            (7) The Department of State 2011 International Religious 
        Freedom Report stated, ``The government prohibits Baha'is from 
        teaching and practicing their faith and subjects them to many 
        forms of discrimination that followers of other religions do 
        not face.''.
            (8) The Department of State 2011 International Religious 
        Freedom Report stated, ``According to law, Baha'i blood is 
        considered `mobah', meaning it can be spilled with impunity.''.
            (9) The Department of State 2011 International Religious 
        Freedom Report stated that ``members of religious minorities, 
        with the exception of Baha'is, can serve in lower ranks of 
        government employment'', and ``Baha'is are barred from all 
        leadership positions in the government and military''.
            (10) The Department of State 2011 International Religious 
        Freedom Report stated, ``Baha'is suffered frequent government 
        harassment and persecution, and their property rights generally 
        were disregarded. The government raided Baha'i homes and 
        businesses and confiscated large amounts of private and 
        commercial property, as well as religious materials belonging 
        to Baha'is.''.
            (11) The Department of State 2011 International Religious 
        Freedom Report stated, ``Baha'is also are required to register 
        with the police''.
            (12) The Department of State 2011 International Religious 
        Freedom Report stated that ``[p]ublic and private universities 
        continued to deny admittance to and expelled Baha'i students'' 
        and ``[d]uring the year, at least 30 Baha'is were barred or 
        expelled from universities on political or religious grounds''.
            (13) The Department of State 2011 International Religious 
        Freedom Report stated, ``Baha'is are regularly denied 
        compensation for injury or criminal victimization.''.
            (14) On March 6, 2012, the United Nations Special 
        Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic 
        Republic of Iran issued a report (A/HRC/19/66), which stated 
        that ``the Special Rapporteur continues to be alarmed by 
        communications that demonstrate the systemic and systematic 
        persecution of members of unrecognized religious communities, 
        particularly the Baha'i community, in violation of 
        international conventions'' and expressed concern regarding 
        ``an intensive defamation campaign meant to incite 
        discrimination and hate against Baha'is''.
            (15) On May 23, 2012, the United Nations Secretary-General 
        issued a report, which stated that ``the Special Rapporteur on 
        freedom of religion or belief * * * pointed out that the 
        Islamic Republic of Iran had a policy of systematic persecution 
        of persons belonging to the Baha'i faith, excluding them from 
        the application of freedom of religion or belief by simply 
        denying that their faith had the status of a religion''.
            (16) On August 22, 2012, the United Nations Secretary-
        General issued a report, which stated, ``The international 
        community continues to express concerns about the very serious 
        discrimination against ethnic and religious minorities in law 
        and in practice, in particular the Baha'i community. The 
        Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the 
        Islamic Republic of Iran expressed alarm about the systemic and 
        systematic persecution of members of the Baha'i community, 
        including severe socioeconomic pressure and arrests and 
        detention. He also deplored the Government's tolerance of an 
        intensive defamation campaign aimed at inciting discrimination 
        and hate against Baha'is.''.
            (17) On September 13, 2012, the United Nations Special 
        Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic 
        Republic of Iran issued a report (A/67/369), which stated, 
        ``Reports and interviews submitted to the Special Rapporteur 
        also continue to portray a disturbing trend with regard to 
        religious freedom in the country. Members of both recognized 
        and unrecognized religions have reported various levels of 
        intimidation, arrest, detention and interrogation that focus on 
        their religious beliefs.'', and stated, ``At the time of 
        drafting the report, 105 members of the Baha'i community were 
        reported to be in detention.''.
            (18) On November 27, 2012, the Third Committee of the 
        United Nations General Assembly adopted a draft resolution (A/
        C.3/67/L.51), which noted, ``[I]ncreased persecution and human 
        rights violations against persons belonging to unrecognized 
        religious minorities, particularly members of the Baha'i faith 
        and their defenders, including escalating attacks, an increase 
        in the number of arrests and detentions, the restriction of 
        access to higher education on the basis of religion, the 
        sentencing of twelve Baha'is associated with Baha'i educational 
        institutions to lengthy prison terms, the continued denial of 
        access to employment in the public sector, additional 
        restrictions on participation in the private sector, and the de 
        facto criminalization of membership in the Baha'i faith.''.
            (19) On December 20, 2012, the United Nations General 
        Assembly adopted a resolution (A/RES/67/182), which called upon 
        the government of Iran ``[t]o eliminate discrimination against, 
        and exclusion of * * * members of the Baha'i Faith, regarding 
        access to higher education, and to eliminate the 
        criminalization of efforts to provide higher education to 
        Baha'i youth denied access to Iranian universities,'' and ``to 
        accord all Baha'is, including those imprisoned because of their 
        beliefs, the due process of law and the rights that they are 
        constitutionally guaranteed''.
            (20) On February 28, 2013, the United Nations Special 
        Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic 
        Republic of Iran issued a report (A/HRC/22/56), which stated, 
        ``110 Bahai's are currently detained in Iran for exercising 
        their faith, including two women, Mrs. Zohreh Nikayin and Mrs. 
        Taraneh Torabi, who are reportedly nursing infants in prison''.
            (21) In March and May of 2008, intelligence officials of 
        the Government of Iran in Mashhad and Tehran arrested and 
        imprisoned Mrs. Fariba Kamalabadi, Mr. Jamaloddin Khanjani, Mr. 
        Afif Naeimi, Mr. Saeid Rezaie, Mr. Behrouz Tavakkoli, Mrs. 
        Mahvash Sabet, and Mr. Vahid Tizfahm, the seven members of the 
        ad hoc leadership group for the Baha'i community in Iran.
            (22) In August 2010, the Revolutionary Court in Tehran 
        sentenced the seven Baha'i leaders to 20-year prison terms on 
        charges of ``spying for Israel, insulting religious sanctities, 
        propaganda against the regime and spreading corruption on 
        earth''.
            (23) The lawyer for these seven leaders, Mrs. Shirin Ebadi, 
        the Nobel Laureate, was denied meaningful or timely access to 
        the prisoners and their files, and her successors as defense 
        counsel were provided extremely limited access.
            (24) These seven Baha'i leaders were targeted solely on the 
        basis of their religion.
            (25) Beginning in May 2011, Government of Iran officials in 
        four cities conducted sweeping raids on the homes of dozens of 
        individuals associated with the Baha'i Institute for Higher 
        Education (BIHE) and arrested and detained several educators 
        associated with BIHE.
            (26) In October 2011, the Revolutionary Court in Tehran 
        sentenced seven of these BIHE instructors and administrators, 
        Mr. Vahid Mahmoudi, Mr. Kamran Mortezaie, Mr. Mahmoud Badavam, 
        Ms. Nooshin Khadem, Mr. Farhad Sedghi, Mr. Riaz Sobhani, and 
        Mr. Ramin Zibaie, to prison terms for the crime of ``membership 
        of the deviant sect of Baha'ism, with the goal of taking action 
        against the security of the country, in order to further the 
        aims of the deviant sect and those of organizations outside the 
        country''.
            (27) Six of these educators remain imprisoned, with Mr. 
        Mortezaie serving a 5-year prison term and Mr. Badavam, Ms. 
        Khadem, Mr. Sedghi, Mr. Sobhani, and Mr. Zibaie serving 4-year 
        prison terms.
            (28) Since October 2011, four other BIHE educators, Ms. 
        Faran Hessami, Mr. Kamran Rahimian, Mr. Kayvan Rahimian, and 
        Mr. Shahin Negari have been sentenced to 4-year prison terms, 
        which they are now serving.
            (29) The efforts of the Government of Iran to collect 
        information on individual Baha'is have recently intensified as 
        evidenced by a letter, dated November 5, 2011, from the 
        Director of the Department of Education in the county of 
        Shahriar in the province of Tehran, instructing the directors 
        of schools in his jurisdiction to ``subtly and in a 
        confidential manner'' collect information on Baha'i students.
            (30) The Baha'i community continues to undergo intense 
        economic and social pressure, including an ongoing campaign in 
        the town of Semnan, where the Government of Iran has harassed 
        and detained Baha'is, closed 17 Baha'i owned businesses in the 
        last three years, and imprisoned several members of the 
        community, including three mothers along with their infants.
            (31) Ordinary Iranian citizens who belong to the Baha'i 
        faith are disproportionately targeted, interrogated, and 
        detained under the pretext of national security.
            (32) The Government of Iran is party to the International 
        Covenants on Human Rights and is in violation of its 
        obligations under the Covenants.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--Congress--
            (1) condemns the Government of Iran for its state-sponsored 
        persecution of its Baha'i minority and its continued violation 
        of the International Covenants on Human Rights;
            (2) calls on the Government of Iran to immediately release 
        the seven imprisoned leaders, the ten imprisoned educators, and 
        all other prisoners held solely on account of their religion; 
        and
            (3) calls on the President and Secretary of State, in 
        cooperation with responsible nations, to immediately condemn 
        the Government of Iran's continued violation of human rights 
        and demand the immediate release of prisoners held solely on 
        account of their religion.

                 Subtitle E--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 1241. REPORT ON POSTURE AND READINESS OF UNITED STATES ARMED 
              FORCES TO RESPOND TO FUTURE TERRORIST ATTACKS IN AFRICA 
              AND THE MIDDLE EAST.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the terrorist attack in Benghazi, Libya on September 
        11, 2012, may have never occurred or could have been prevented 
        had there been an international stabilizing force following 
        NATO-led operations in order to help stabilize the country, 
        build capacity within the security forces, and pursue terrorist 
        groups that threaten the local government as well as United 
        States interests;
            (2) the attack also highlighted the limitations of the 
        United States military to alert, deploy, and decisively counter 
        a no-notice terrorist attack such as the one in Benghazi, or 
        another security contingency, due to the limitations stemming 
        from United States military posture in Africa and the Middle 
        East and when there is a lack of a layered defense at United 
        States diplomatic facilities;
            (3) the United States military is more effectively able to 
        respond to terrorist attacks on United States facilities 
        outside of the United States if the responding United States 
        military assets are forward deployed;
            (4) when an intelligence threat assessment determines that 
        a United States facility overseas is vulnerable to attack, such 
        facility should have robust force protection measures 
        sufficient to safeguard personnel and assets until a United 
        States military response can arrive;
            (5) the continually evolving terrorist threat to United 
        States interests on the Continent of Africa and the Middle East 
        necessitates that the United States military maintains a 
        forward deployed posture in Europe, Middle East, and Africa in 
        order to be able to respond to terrorist events, or other 
        security contingencies, and to effectively evacuate and recover 
        United States personnel;
            (6) the United States military, in conjunction with the 
        Department of State and the intelligence community, should 
        continue to evaluate the assumptions underpinning the terrorist 
        threat in order to ensure that it is effectively able to 
        respond globally to future terrorist attacks;
            (7) the United States military should regularly re-evaluate 
        the posture and alert status requirements of its crisis 
        response elements in order to be more responsive to the 
        evolving and global nature of the terrorist threat, and all 
        United States military crisis response elements should be fully 
        equipped with the required supporting capabilities to conduct 
        their missions;
            (8) on April 16, 2013, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff, General Martin Dempsey, testified before the House 
        Appropriations Committee that the military is, ``* * * adapting 
        our force posture to a new normal of combustible violence in 
        North Africa and in the Middle East'';
            (9) The President stated in a press conference on May 16, 
        2013, ``I have directed the Defense Department to ensure that 
        our military can respond lightening quick in times of 
        crisis.'';
            (10) the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs should continue to 
        evaluate the posture of United States forces to respond to the 
        global terrorist threat, including an evaluation of whether 
        United States Africa Command should have forces and necessary 
        equipment permanently assigned to the command to respond more 
        promptly to this ``new normal''; and
            (11) although the Department of State-initiated 
        Accountability Review Board found that the Marine Security 
        Guard program should be expanded and that there should be 
        greater coordination between the Department of Defense and the 
        Department of State to identify additional resources for 
        security at high risk posts, the United States military may be 
        challenged to provide additional security to Department of 
        State facilities due to budget shortfalls, on-going force 
        structure constraints, and increasing operational requirements 
        for the Department of Defense.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report on the posture and readiness of United States Armed 
        Forces to respond to future terrorist attacks in Africa and the 
        Middle East.
            (2) Matters to be included.--The plan required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
                    (A) An assessment of terrorist groups and other 
                non-state groups that threaten United States interests 
                and facilities in Africa, including a description of 
                the key assumptions underpinning such assessment.
                    (B) A description of the readiness, posture, and 
                alert status of relevant United States Armed Forces in 
                Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and the United States 
                and any changes implemented or planned to be 
                implemented since the terrorist attack in Benghazi, 
                Libya on September 11, 2012, to respond to the ``new 
                normal'' and President Obama's directive for the 
                military to respond ``lightening quick'' in times of 
                crisis.
                    (C) In consultation with the Secretary of State, a 
                description of new or modified requirements of the 
                Department of State, if any, for--
                            (i) United States Marine Security Guard 
                        Detachments;
                            (ii) any other Department of Defense assets 
                        to provide enhanced security at Department of 
                        State facilities;
                            (iii) an explanation of how any new 
                        requirements for Marine Security Detachments or 
                        other Department of Defense assets affect the 
                        capacity of the Armed Forces, including 
                        specifically the capacity of the Marine Corps, 
                        to fulfill Department of Defense operational 
                        requirements; and
                            (iv) an explanation of how any unfulfilled 
                        requirements for Marine Security Detachments 
                        would adversely impact security at Department 
                        of State facilities.
            (3) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``appropriate 
        congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.

SEC. 1242. ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT OF EGYPT TO UNITED STATES NATIONAL 
              SECURITY.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) Egypt is undergoing a significant political transition 
        and the ultimate outcome of this political process and its 
        implications for United States national security interests 
        remain uncertain;
            (2) the United States continues to have considerable 
        concerns about the intentions and actions of the Egyptian 
        Muslim Brotherhood and whether the government of President 
        Morsi is committed to a pluralistic, democratic Egypt;
            (3) the United States has a stake in Egypt becoming a 
        mature, pluralistic democracy in which the rights of Egyptian 
        citizens, including women and minorities, are protected;
            (4) the United States should continue to closely monitor 
        President Morsi's support for the peace treaty with the 
        Government of Israel, which has been a stabilizing force in the 
        region for over 30 years;
            (5) the United States military relationship with the 
        Egyptian military is long-standing and should remain a key 
        pillar to, and component of, United States engagement with 
        Egypt;
            (6) the close military-to-military relationship between the 
        United States and Egypt has been a critical component in 
        enabling counterterrorism cooperation between the two 
        governments to ensure the United States military has freedom of 
        movement throughout the region in order to deter aggression and 
        respond to threats to United States national security 
        interests, particularly in light of the security situation in 
        Libya and the Sinai;
            (7) the Egyptian military has exercised restraint and 
        professionalism during the unrest in Egypt over the last two 
        years and hopefully will remain a key mechanism through which 
        the United States can support the people of Egypt in achieving 
        their goals for a representative and democratic political 
        system, while promoting peace and security in the region; and
            (8) therefore, with appropriate vetting, United States 
        military assistance and support to the Egyptian military should 
        continue, even as civilian aid to Egypt receives greater 
        scrutiny as a result of the uncertainty associated with Egypt's 
        current political leadership and economic policies.
    (b) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report that contains a 
        comprehensive plan for United States military assistance and 
        cooperation with Egypt.
            (2) Matters to be included.--The plan required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include, at a minimum, a detailed 
        description of the following:
                    (A) How United States security assistance and 
                cooperation enables--
                            (i) freedom of movement for the United 
                        States military throughout the region; and
                            (ii) the Government of Egypt to disrupt, 
                        dismantle, and defeat al Qaeda, affiliated 
                        groups, and other terrorist organizations, 
                        whether based in and operating from Egyptian 
                        territory or the region.
                    (B) The capacity of the Government of Egypt to 
                prevent the illicit movement of terrorists, criminals, 
                weapons, and other dangerous material across Egypt's 
                borders or administrative boundaries, including through 
                tunnels and other illicit points of entry into Gaza.
                    (C) The extent to which the Egyptian military is--
                            (i) supporting the protection of the 
                        political, economic, and religious freedoms and 
                        human rights of all citizens and residents in 
                        Egypt, including those involved in Egyptian 
                        civil society and democratic promotion efforts 
                        through nongovernmental organizations;
                            (ii) supporting credible and legitimate 
                        elections in Egypt;
                            (iii) supporting the Egypt-Israel Peace 
                        Treaty;
                            (iv) taking effective steps to eliminate 
                        smuggling networks and to detect and destroy 
                        tunnels between Egypt and Gaza; and
                            (v) supporting action to combat terrorism 
                        in the Sinai.
                    (D) A description of the strategic objectives of 
                the United States regarding the provision of United 
                States security assistance to the Government of Egypt.
                    (E) A description of biennial outlays of United 
                States security assistance to the Government of Egypt 
                for the purposes of strategic planning, training, 
                provision of equipment, and construction of facilities, 
                including funding streams.
                    (F) A description of vetting and end-user 
                monitoring systems in place by both Egypt and the 
                United States for defense articles and training 
                provided by the United States, including human rights 
                vetting.
                    (G) A description of actions that the Government of 
                Egypt is taking to--
                            (i) repudiate, combat, and stop incitement 
                        to violence against the United States and 
                        United States citizens and prohibit the 
                        transmission within its domains of satellite 
                        television or radio channels that broadcast 
                        such incitement; and
                            (ii) adopt and implement legal reforms that 
                        protect the religious and democratic freedoms 
                        of all citizens and residents of Egypt.
                    (H) Recommendations, including with respect to 
                required resources and actions, to maximize the 
                effectiveness of United States security assistance 
                provided to Egypt.
            (3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
                House of Representatives.
    (c) GAO Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
submission of the report required under subsection (b), the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report that--
            (1) reviews and comments on the report required under 
        subsection (b); and
            (2) provides recommendations regarding additional actions 
        with respect to the provision of United States security 
        assistance to Egypt, if necessary.

SEC. 1243. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE MILITARY DEVELOPMENTS ON THE KOREAN 
              PENINSULA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (``North 
        Korea'') has escalated regional tensions with hostile rhetoric 
        and provocative actions.
            (2) North Korea threatened a nuclear attack on the United 
        States and a resumption of open war against the Republic of 
        Korea (``South Korea'').
            (3) North Korea's nuclear weapons and ballistic missile 
        programs constitute a threat to the national security of the 
        United States and to regional stability.
            (4) On April 14, 2009, North Korea halted negotiations 
        regarding its nuclear weapons program when it abandoned the 
        Six-Party Talks with the People's Republic of China 
        (``China''), Japan, the Russian Federation (``Russia''), South 
        Korea, and the United States.
            (5) On May 25, 2009, North Korea detonated a nuclear device 
        in an underground explosive test.
            (6) On March 26, 2010, North Korea sank a South Korean 
        naval vessel, the Cheonan, killing 46 South Korean sailors.
            (7) On November 23, 2010, North Korea shelled the border 
        island of Yeonpyeong-do, killing four people. This was the 
        first direct artillery attack on South Korean territory since 
        the signing of the 1953 armistice.
            (8) On April 13, 2012, North Korea conducted a rocket 
        launch that failed to send a satellite into orbit. This launch 
        violated United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolutions 
        1718 and 1874.
            (9) On December 12, 2012, North Korea used banned long-
        range missile technology to launch an earth observation 
        satellite into orbit. In response, the UNSC unanimously adopted 
        Resolution 2087, condemning the launch.
            (10) On February 12, 2013, North Korea conducted a third 
        underground nuclear test in violation of UNSC Resolution 1718, 
        1874, and 2087. The test also contravened North Korea's 
        commitments under the September 2005 Joint Statement of the 
        Six-Party Talks.
            (11) On March 7, 2013, the UNSC unanimously adopted 
        Resolution 2094, condemning North Korea's third nuclear test 
        and imposed additional sanctions against the regime.
            (12) On March 28, 2013, North Korea unilaterally nullified 
        the armistice agreement with the United States that suspended 
        military conflict on the Korean peninsula.
            (13) On March 30, 2013, North Korea declared a state of war 
        with South Korea.
            (14) On April 4, 2013, North Korea placed two intermediate-
        range Musudan missiles on mobile launchers and temporarily 
        relocated them to the eastern coast of the Korean peninsula 
        before removing them a month later from the launch sites.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States and its allies, South Korea and 
        Japan, share the goal of a stable and peaceful Korean 
        Peninsula, free of nuclear weapons;
            (2) the United States remains committed to defending its 
        allies in the Asia-Pacific region and stability in Northeast 
        Asia requires restraint by all parties from activities that 
        would complicate international relations or escalate 
        international tensions, and international disputes should be 
        mitigated in a constructive manner consistent with established 
        principles of international law;
            (3) Congress supports--
                    (A) the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean 
                Peninsula in a peaceful manner,
                    (B) North Korea's abandonment of its nuclear 
                programs and return to the Treaty on the 
                Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to 
                International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards; and
                    (C) North Korea's full acceptance of and compliance 
                with the terms of the 1953 Armistice Agreement;
            (4) the United States has national interests in security 
        and stability in the Asia-Pacific region, the implementation of 
        the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement, nuclear non-
        proliferation efforts, the promotion of respect for the 
        fundamental human rights of the North Korean people, 
        international cyber-security cooperation, and full 
        implementation of United States and multilateral sanctions 
        against illicit activities;
            (5) the United States encourages China and Russia to fully 
        implement and enforce United States and United Nations Security 
        Council sanctions against North Korea; and
            (6) the President, the Secretary of State, and the 
        Secretary of Defense should keep Congress fully informed on 
        security developments on the Korean Peninsula.

SEC. 1244. STATEMENT OF CONGRESS ON DEFENSE COOPERATION WITH GEORGIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Republic of Georgia is a highly valued ally of the 
        United States and has repeatedly demonstrated its commitment to 
        advancing the mutual interests of both countries, including the 
        deployment of Georgian forces as part of the NATO-led 
        International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan and the 
        Multi-National Force in Iraq.
            (2) The peaceful transfer of power as the result of the 
        free and fair parliamentary elections in Georgia in October 
        2012 represents a major accomplishment toward the Georgian 
        people's creation of a free society and full democracy.
            (3) However, since the October 2012 parliamentary elections 
        the new Georgian Government has taken a series of measures 
        against former officials and members of the current political 
        opposition that appear to be motivated by political 
        considerations.
            (4) Over 100 former Georgian Government officials have been 
        charged with criminal violations since the October 2012 
        parliamentary elections.
            (5) Similar charges have been filed against members of the 
        political opposition, including Vano Merabishvili, the 
        Secretary General of the United National Movement.
            (6) The arrest of the leader of an opposition party is 
        especially troubling, particularly its chilling effect on 
        political freedom prior to the presidential election scheduled 
        for October 2013.
            (7) The Georgian Government has taken insufficient action 
        to prevent further violence against members of the United 
        National Movement and to punish offenders.
            (8) These actions call into question the Georgian 
        Government's continued progress toward the creation of a free 
        and democratic society in which basic freedoms, including 
        freedom for political opposition, are guaranteed.
    (b) Statement of Congress.--Congress declares that--
            (1) the United States remains committed to assisting the 
        people of Georgia in establishing a free and democratic society 
        in their country;
            (2) the measures taken by the Georgian Government against 
        former officials and political opponents, apparently in part 
        motivated by political considerations, may have a significant 
        negative impact on cooperation between the United States and 
        Georgia, including efforts to build a stronger relationship in 
        political, economic, and security matters, as well as progress 
        on integrating Georgia into international organizations;
            (3) the United States must be unambiguous when democratic 
        backsliding occurs in a key ally after a peaceful and 
        democratic transfer of power between political parties; and
            (4) the people of the United States and the Members of 
        Congress express their deepest condolences to the Georgian 
        people on the tragic loss of seven soldiers of Georgia in a 
        suicide bombing on June 6, 2013, and the deaths of three 
        soldiers killed in another suicide bombing on May 13, 2013, 
        while they were supporting United States and NATO forces in 
        Afghanistan.

SEC. 1245. LIMITATION ON ESTABLISHMENT OF REGIONAL SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
              FORCES COORDINATION CENTERS.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to plan, prepare, 
establish, or implement any ``Regional Special Operations Forces 
Coordination Center'' (RSCC) or similar regional coordination entities.
    (b) Exclusion.--The limitation contained in subsection (a) shall 
not apply with respect to any RSCC or similar regional coordination 
entity authorized by statute, including the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization Special Operations Headquarters authorized under section 
1244 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
(Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2541).
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary 
of State, shall submit to the congressional committees specified in 
subsection (d) a report on the following:
            (1) A detailed description of the intent and purpose of the 
        RSCC concept.
            (2) Defined and validated requirements justifying the 
        establishment of RSCCs or similar entities within each 
        geographic combatant command, to include how such centers have 
        been coordinated and de-conflicted with existing regional and 
        multilateral frameworks or approaches.
            (3) An explanation of why existing regional centers and 
        multilateral frameworks cannot satisfy the requirements and 
        needs of the Department of Defense and geographic combatant 
        commands.
            (4) Cost estimates across the Future Years Defense Program 
        for such centers, to include estimates of contributions of 
        nations participating in such centers.
            (5) Any other matters that the Secretary of Defense or 
        Secretary of State determines appropriate.
    (d) Specified Congressional Committees.--The congressional 
committees referred to in subsection (c) are--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
        the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives.

SEC. 1246. ADDITIONAL REPORTS ON MILITARY AND SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS 
              INVOLVING THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

    (a) Report.--Subsection (a) of section 1236 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 
1641), as amended by section 1292 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2042), is 
further amended by striking ``November 1, 2012, and November 1, 2013,'' 
and inserting ``November 1, 2013, November 1, 2015, and November 1, 
2017,''.
    (b) Update.--Section 1236 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(c) Update.--The Secretary of Defense shall revise or supplement 
the most recent report submitted pursuant to subsection (a) if, in the 
Secretary's estimation, interim events or developments occurring in a 
period between reports required under subsection (a) warrant revision 
or supplement.''.

SEC. 1247. AMENDMENTS TO ANNUAL REPORT UNDER ARMS CONTROL AND 
              DISARMAMENT ACT.

    (a) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--Section 403 of the Arms 
Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2593a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Speaker of the 
        House of Representatives and to the chairman of the Committee 
        on Foreign Relations of the Senate'' and inserting ``the 
        appropriate congressional committees''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `appropriate congressional committees' means--
            ``(1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Armed Services, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate; and
            ``(2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Armed Services, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives.''.
    (b) Congressional Briefing.--Section 403 of the Arms Control and 
Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 2593a), as amended by subsection (a) of this 
section, is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than May 15 of each year, 
the President shall provide to such committees a briefing on such 
report.''.

SEC. 1248. LIMITATION ON FUNDS TO PROVIDE THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION WITH 
              ACCESS TO CERTAIN MISSILE DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for each of the fiscal years 2014 through 2018 for the 
Department of Defense may be used to provide the Russian Federation 
with access to information regarding--
            (1) missile defense technology of the United States 
        relating to hit-to-kill technology; or
            (2) telemetry data with respect to missile defense 
        interceptors or target vehicles.

SEC. 1249. REPORTS ON ACTIONS TO REDUCE SUPPORT OF BALLISTIC MISSILE 
              PROGRAMS OF CHINA, SYRIA, IRAN, AND NORTH KOREA.

    (a) Disclosure of and Report on Russian Support of Ballistic 
Missile Programs of China, Syria, Iran, and North Korea.--
            (1) In general.--The President shall seek to encourage the 
        Government of the Russian Federation to disclose any support by 
        the Russian Federation or Russian entities for the ballistic 
        missile programs of the People's Republic of China, Syria, 
        Iran, or North Korea.
            (2) Report required.--The President shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a semi-annual report on any 
        disclosure by the Government of the Russian Federation of any 
        such support during the preceding six-month period.
            (3) Initial report.--The initial report required by 
        paragraph (2) shall be submitted not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act and in addition to 
        addressing any such support during the preceding six-month 
        period shall also address any such support during the 10-year 
        period ending on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Cooperation of Russia and China to Reduce Technology and 
Expertise That Supports the Ballistic Missile Programs of Syria, Iran, 
North Korea, and Other Countries.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of State, in coordination 
        with the Secretary of Defense, shall develop a plan to seek and 
        secure the cooperation of the Russian Federation and the 
        People's Republic of China to verifiably reduce the spread of 
        technology and expertise that supports the ballistic missile 
        programs of the Syria, Iran, North Korea, or any other country 
        that the Secretary of State determines has a ballistic missile 
        program.
            (2) Report and briefings required.--The Secretary of State, 
        in coordination with the Secretary of Defense and the Director 
        of National Intelligence, shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act a report describing the plan 
        required in paragraph (1) and provide briefings to such 
        committees annually thereafter until 2018 on the progress and 
        results of these efforts.
            (3) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``appropriate 
        congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
                of the House of Representatives and the Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
                    (C) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
                Relations of the Senate.
    (c) Form.--Each report required by this section shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex, if necessary.

SEC. 1250. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATIONS RELATING TO STATUS OF FORCES 
              AGREEMENTS.

    (a) In General.--With respect to an agreement on the status of 
forces between the United States and a foreign country, the Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall notify 
the appropriate congressional committees not later than 15 days after 
the date on which the agreement is signed, renewed, amended or 
otherwise revised, or terminated.
    (b) Briefings Required.--Not later than February 1 of each calendar 
year, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
State, shall provide a briefing to the appropriate congressional 
committees on the following:
            (1) Status of forces agreements that the United States will 
        seek to enter into in such calendar year.
            (2) Status of forces agreements that have expired and which 
        the United States will seek to renew in such calendar year.
            (3) Amendments to status of forces agreements that the 
        Secretary of Defense determines to be substantial and are 
        likely to be negotiated in such calendar year.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
        the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives.
    (d) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on the date of 
the enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to an agreement 
described in subsection (a) that is signed on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1251. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE CONFLICT IN SYRIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The conflict in Syria began in March 2011.
            (2) As of February 2013, the United Nations High 
        Commissioner for Human Rights estimated that approximately 
        70,000 Syrians have been killed during the conflict.
            (3) According to the United Nations High Commissioner for 
        Refugees, over 1,200,000 Syrians are registered refugees or 
        persons of concern including, over 66,000 in Egypt, over 
        145,000 in Iraq, over 461,000 in Jordan, over 462,000 in 
        Lebanon, and over 329,000 in Turkey.
            (4) Jabhat al-Nusra, a group located in Syria and 
        categorized as an affiliate of al-Qaeda by the intelligence 
        community, presents a direct threat to the interests of the 
        United States and could present a direct threat to the United 
        States.
            (5) On August 19, 2011, President Obama stated: ``The 
        future of Syria must be determined by its people, but President 
        Bashar al-Assad is standing in their way. We have consistently 
        said that President Assad must lead a democratic transition or 
        get out of the way. He has not led. For the sake of the Syrian 
        people, the time has come for President Assad to step aside.''.
            (6) The United States is deploying 200 military personnel 
        from the headquarters of the 1st Armored Division to Jordan in 
        order to ``improve readiness and prepare for a number of 
        scenarios''.
            (7) In a letter from Miguel Rodriguez, the Assistant to the 
        President for Legislative Affairs, to Senators McCain and 
        Levin, dated April 25, 2013, it stated that ``our intelligence 
        community does assess with varying degrees of confidence that 
        the Syrian regime has used chemical weapons on a small scale in 
        Syria, specifically, the chemical agent sarin * * * We do 
        believe that any use of chemical weapons in Syria would very 
        likely have originated with the Assad regime * * * the 
        President has made it clear that the use of chemical weapons--
        or the transfer of chemical weapons to terrorist groups--is a 
        red line for the United States of America''.
            (8) In a press conference with Israel Prime Minister, 
        Benjamin Netanyahu, President Obama stated: ``I have made clear 
        that the use of chemical weapons is a game-changer''.
            (9) In August 2012, during a White House press conference, 
        President Obama stated: ``We have been very clear to the Assad 
        regime, but also to other players on the ground, that a redline 
        for us is we start seeing a whole bunch of chemical weapons 
        moving around or being utilized.''.
            (10) It is a threat to the vital national security interest 
        of the United States if terrorist groups, such as al-Qaeda, 
        obtain chemical or biological material or weapons in Syria.
            (11) At a Pentagon press conference on May 2, 2013, 
        Secretary Hagel confirmed that the Obama Administration is re-
        thinking its opposition to arming the rebels.
            (12) On April 11, 2013, responding to a question about the 
        need for a supplemental funding request for any potential 
        United States military effort in Syria, Secretary Hagel stated: 
        ``Yes, I think it is pretty clear that a supplemental would be 
        required.''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) President Obama should have a comprehensive policy and 
        should ensure robust contingency planning to secure United 
        States' interests in Syria;
            (2) President Obama should fully consider all courses of 
        action to remove President Bashar al-Assad from power;
            (3) the conflict in Syria threatens the vital national 
        security interests of Israel and the stability of Jordan, 
        Lebanon, and Turkey, the implications of which should be 
        sufficiently weighed by the President when considering policy 
        approaches towards the conflict in Syria;
            (4) the sale or transfer of advanced anti-aircraft weapons 
        systems to Syria poses a grave risk to Israel and the United 
        States supports Israel's right to respond to this grave threat 
        as needed;
            (5) the President should fully consider all courses of 
        action to reinforce his stated ``redline'' regarding the use of 
        weapons of mass destruction by the Assad regime in Syria, which 
        could threaten the credibility of the United States with its 
        allies in the region and embolden the Assad regime;
            (6) the United States should continue to conduct rigorous 
        planning and operational preparation to support any efforts to 
        secure the chemical and biological stockpiles and associated 
        weapons;
            (7) the United States should have a policy that supports 
        the stability of countries on Syria's border, including Jordan, 
        Turkey, Iraq, Lebanon, and Israel;
            (8) the United States should continue to support Syrian 
        opposition forces with non-lethal aid;
            (9) the President, the Department of Defense, the 
        Department of State, and the intelligence community, in 
        cooperation with European and regional allies, should ensure 
        that the risks of all courses of action or inaction regarding 
        Syria are fully explored and understood and that Congress is 
        kept fully informed of such risks;
            (10) the President should fully consider, and the 
        Department of Defense should conduct prudent planning for, the 
        provision of lethal aid and relevant operational training to 
        vetted Syrian opposition forces, including an analysis of the 
        risks of the provision of such aid and training;
            (11) should the President decide to employ any military 
        assets in Syria, the President should provide a supplemental 
        budget request to Congress; and
            (12) the President should use all diplomatic means to 
        disrupt the flow of arms into Syria, including efforts to 
        dissuade Russia from further arms sales with Syria, the influx 
        of weapons and fighters from Hezbollah, and the infiltration of 
        weapons and fighters from Iran.

SEC. 1252. REVISION OF STATUTORY REFERENCES TO FORMER NATO SUPPORT 
              ORGANIZATIONS AND RELATED NATO AGREEMENTS.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Section 2350d of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``NATO Maintenance and Supply 
        Organization'' each place it appears and inserting ``NATO 
        Support Organization and its executive agencies'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Weapon System Partnership 
                Agreements'' and inserting ``Support Partnership 
                Agreements''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``a specific 
                weapon system'' and inserting ``activities''; and
            (3) in subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e), by striking 
        ``Weapon System Partnership Agreement'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Support Partnership Agreement''.
    (b) Arms Export Control Act.--Section 21(e)(3) of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761(e)(3)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraphs (A) and (C)(i), by striking 
        ``Maintenance and Supply Agency of the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization'' and inserting ``North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization (NATO) Support Organization and its executive 
        agencies'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``weapon system 
        partnership agreement'' and inserting ``support partnership 
        agreement''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (C)(i)(II), by striking ``a specific 
        weapon system'' and inserting ``activities''.

SEC. 1253. LIMITATION ON FUNDS TO IMPLEMENT EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS 
              RELATING TO UNITED STATES MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--Congress reaffirms, with respect to 
executive agreements relating to the missile defense capabilities of 
the United States, including basing, locations, capabilities and 
numbers of missiles with respect to such missile defense capabilities, 
that section 303(b) of the Arms Control and Disarmament Act (22 U.S.C. 
2573(b)) provides the following: ``No action shall be taken pursuant to 
this or any other Act that would obligate the United States to reduce 
or limit the Armed Forces or armaments of the United States in a 
militarily significant manner, except pursuant to the treaty-making 
power of the President set forth in Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of 
the Constitution or unless authorized by the enactment of further 
affirmative legislation by the Congress of the United States.''.
    (b) Limitation on Funds.--None of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 or any 
fiscal year thereafter for the Department of Defense may be used--
            (1) to implement any executive agreement relating to the 
        missile defense capabilities of the United States, including 
        basing, locations, capabilities, and numbers of missiles with 
        respect to such missile defense capabilities; or
            (2) to implement rules of engagement or Guidance for 
        Employment of Force relating to such executive agreement.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Subsection (b) shall not apply with 
respect to the use of funds to negotiate or implement any executive 
agreement with a country with respect to which the United States has 
entered into a treaty of alliance or has a security guarantee.
    (d) Executive Agreement Defined.--In this section, the term 
``executive agreement'' means an international agreement other than--
            (1) an agreement that is in the form of a treaty under 
        article II, section 2, clause 2 of the Constitution of the 
        United States; or
            (2) an agreement that requires implementing legislation to 
        be enacted into law for the agreement to enter into force with 
        respect to the United States.

SEC. 1254. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THREAT REDUCTION 
              ENGAGEMENT ACTIVITIES AND UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS TO 
              THE COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR-TEST-BAN TREATY ORGANIZATION.

    (a) In General.--None of the funds made available for fiscal year 
2014 for Threat Reduction Engagement activities may be obligated or 
expended for such purposes until the President certifies to Congress 
that no state party to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty has 
undertaken nuclear weapons test activities in fiscal year 2013 that are 
inconsistent with United States interpretations regarding obligations 
under such Treaty.
    (b) Lobbying or Advocacy Activities.--None of the funds made 
available for fiscal year 2014 for contributions of the United States 
to the CTBTO entities may be used for lobbying or advocacy in the 
United States relating to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.
    (c) CTBTO Entities.--In subsection (b), the term ``CTBTO entities'' 
means--
            (1) the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization 
        International Monitoring System; and
            (2) the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization 
        Preparatory Commission-Special Contributions.

SEC. 1255. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON MILITARY-TO-MILITARY COOPERATION 
              BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND BURMA.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) as the United States policy rebalances towards Asia, it 
        is critical that the United States military comprehensively 
        evaluate its engagement with Burma;
            (2) the future of the military-to-military relationship 
        between the United States and Burma should take into account 
        the current ethnic conflict in Burma and persecution of ethnic 
        and religious minorities;
            (3) while the United States has national security interests 
        in Burma's peace and stability, the peaceful settlement of 
        armed conflicts with the ethnic minority groups requires the 
        Burmese military to respect ceasefire agreements, laws of war, 
        and human rights provisions; and
            (4) the Department of Defense should fully consider and 
        assess the Burmese military's efforts to implement reforms, end 
        impunity for human rights abuses, and increase transparency and 
        accountability before expanding military-to-military 
        cooperation beyond initial dialogue and isolated engagements.

SEC. 1256. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE STATIONING OF UNITED STATES FORCES 
              IN EUROPE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) During the past several years, over 700 kinetic terror 
        incidents have occurred in the U.S. European Command (EUCOM) 
        area of operations. Rising tensions in the region due to 
        unemployment, fiscal insolvency, ethnic strife, hegemonic 
        desires, and terrorism, pose risks to the security and 
        stability of Europe.
            (2) Arab Spring uprisings in Middle Eastern and North 
        African countries, including the Republic of Mali, the Arab 
        Republic of Egypt, Libya, and the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria), 
        have presented emerging strategic challenges that present 
        significant implications for regional stability, the security 
        of the State of Israel (Israel), and the national security 
        interests of the United States and many European allies.
            (3) U.S. Africa Command does not have formally assigned 
        Army or Marine Corps units assigned to it and it continues to 
        share Air Force and Navy component commands with EUCOM. 
        Consequently, United States forces stationed in Europe have 
        been deployed to support contingencies associated with the Arab 
        Spring in North Africa.
            (4) The Commander of U.S. European Command is responsible 
        for developing operational plans for the defense of Israel. 
        Moreover, forces stationed in Europe would be deployed to 
        defend Israel in the event of such a contingency.
            (5) Regimes, including the Islamic Republic of Iran and 
        Syria, continue efforts to procure, develop, and proliferate 
        advanced ballistic missile technologies that pose a serious 
        threat to United States forces and installations in the 
        theater, as well as to the territory, populations, and forces 
        of Israel and European allies. United States missile defense 
        capabilities in Europe seek to mitigate these threats.
            (6) Violent extremist organizations, including Kongra-Gel, 
        al Qaida, Lebanese Hizballah, and Iranian Qods Force, may 
        utilize Europe as an important venue for recruitment, 
        logistical support, financing, and the targeting of the United 
        States and Western interests.
            (7) Congress has lacked sufficient data to compare the 
        strategic benefits and the costs associated with permanently 
        stationing forces in Europe. The Government Accountability 
        Office (GAO) has found that the combatant commands do not 
        completely and consistently report cost data in their theater 
        posture plans. In particular, GAO reported in February 2011 
        that EUCOM lacks comprehensive cost data in its theater posture 
        plans and therefore decision makers lack critical information 
        that could be used to make fully informed posture decisions. 
        Additionally, in June 2012, GAO found that the Department of 
        Defense has taken steps to align posture initiatives with 
        strategy and cost, but continues to lack comprehensive and 
        consistent cost estimates of initiatives.
            (8) The Department of Defense has reported that the cost of 
        permanently stationing forces in the United States rather than 
        overseas is often offset by such factors as increased 
        rotational costs.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) an enduring United States presence and engagement 
        across Europe and Eurasia provides the critical access and 
        infrastructure necessary to accomplish United States strategic 
        priorities, expand United States global reach to Europe, 
        Eurasia, the Middle East, Africa, as well as the Mediterranean 
        and Atlantic Oceans, and facilitates a rapid United States 
        response for complex contingencies;
            (2) the United States continues to have an interest in 
        supporting the stability and security of Europe, especially in 
        a dynamic and challenging global security environment;
            (3) forward-stationed active duty service members, forward-
        deployed rotational units, and reserve forces assigned to U.S. 
        European Command remain essential for United States planning, 
        logistics, and operations in support of U.S. Central Command, 
        U.S. Africa Command, U.S. Transportation Command, U.S. Special 
        Operations Command, and U.S. Strategic Command, as well as 
        fulfilling commitments under Article V of the North Atlantic 
        Charter;
            (4) in light of the benefits associated with defense of the 
        homeland forward and strategic access, as well as the potential 
        for rotational deployments to increase cost to the Department 
        of Defense, the Department of Defense should implement the 
        recommendations of the Government Accountability Office with 
        regard to improved cost estimation to enable informed force 
        posture decisions prior to making any further significant 
        changes to the United States force posture in Europe that could 
        increase risk for the United States; and
            (5) the Secretary of Defense should keep Congress fully and 
        currently informed regarding the requirements of the United 
        States force posture in Europe and the costs associated with 
        maintaining such force.

SEC. 1257. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON MILITARY CAPABILITIES OF THE PEOPLE'S 
              REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

    Congress--
            (1) notes the People's Republic of China (PRC) continues to 
        rapidly modernize and expand its military capabilities across 
        the land, sea, air, space, and cyberspace domains;
            (2) is concerned by the rate and scope of PRC military 
        developments, including its military-focused cyber espionage, 
        which indicate a desire to constrain or prevent the peaceful 
        activities of the United States and its allies in the Western 
        Pacific;
            (3) concurs with Admiral Samuel Locklear, commander of U.S. 
        Pacific Command, that ``China's rapid development of advanced 
        military capabilities, combined with its unclear intentions, 
        certainly raises strategic and security concerns for the U.S. 
        and the region'';
            (4) notes the United States remains committed to a robust 
        forward military-presence in the Asia-Pacific and will continue 
        to vigorously support mutual defense arrangements with treaty 
        allies while also building deeper relationships with other 
        strategic partners in the region; and
            (5) urges the Government of the PRC to work peacefully to 
        resolve existing territorial disputes and to adopt a maritime 
        code of conduct with relevant parties to guide all forms of 
        maritime interaction and communications in the Asia-Pacific.

SEC. 1258. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this Act shall be construed as authorizing the use of 
force against Syria or Iran.

SEC. 1259. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING RELATIONS WITH TAIWAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that the United States should--
            (1) allow all high-level officials of Taiwan to enter into 
        the United States or its embassies and consulates under 
        conditions which demonstrate appropriate respect for the 
        dignity of such leaders;
            (2) allow meetings between all high-level Taiwan and United 
        States officials in United States executive departments;
            (3) allow the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative 
        Office and all other instrumentalities established in the 
        United States by Taiwan to conduct business activities, 
        including activities which involve participation by Members of 
        Congress and other representatives of Federal, State, and local 
        governments, and all high-level Taiwan officials, without 
        obstruction from the United States Government or any foreign 
        power; and
            (4) adopt a policy of allowing high-ranking Taiwan leaders 
        to make official visits with high-ranking officials of the 
        United States, including official visits by Taiwan's 
        democratically elected president, and allowing for visits 
        between these officials in Washington, D.C.

SEC. 1260. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE THREAT POSED BY HEZBOLLAH.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Hezbollah has been designated a foreign terrorist 
        organization by the Department of State since October 8, 1997.
            (2) Hezbollah has been responsible for numerous terrorist 
        attacks and attempted terrorist attacks around the world, 
        including attacks against United States citizens.
            (3) Hezbollah is active in Europe and has been linked to a 
        July 18, 2012, suicide bombing in Bulgaria which killed five 
        people.
            (4) Hezbollah operatives have been captured around the 
        world attacking or attempting to attack Western and Israeli 
        targets.
            (5) The United States is working with its European allies 
        to combat terrorism through a variety of means, including 
        through NATO's Partnership Action Plan against Terrorism and 
        the Defence Against Terrorism Programme of Work.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States should continue to use all necessary 
        means to fight against terrorism, including Hezbollah;
            (2) President Obama should strongly encourage his European 
        counterparts to publicly condemn Hezbollah;
            (3) European allies should seek to officially recognize 
        Hezbollah as a terrorist organization;
            (4) any attempt to distinguish between military and 
        civilian wings in Hezbollah is meaningless; and
            (5) all countries should work together to fight radical 
        terrorist organizations like Hezbollah.

SEC. 1261. COMBATING CRIME THROUGH INTELLIGENCE CAPABILITIES.

    The Secretary of Defense is authorized to deploy assets, personnel, 
and resources to the Joint Interagency Task Force South, in 
coordination with SOUTHCOM, to combat the following by supplying 
sufficient intelligence capabilities:
            (1) Transnational criminal organizations.
            (2) Drug trafficking.
            (3) Bulk shipments of narcotics or currency.
            (4) Narco-terrorism.
            (5) Human trafficking.
            (6) The Iranian presence in the Western Hemisphere.

SEC. 1262. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS TO IMPLEMENT THE ARMS 
              TRADE TREATY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2014 or any fiscal year 
thereafter for the Department of Defense may be obligated or expended 
to implement the Arms Trade Treaty, or to make any change to existing 
programs, projects, or activities as approved by Congress in 
furtherance of, pursuant to, or otherwise to implement the Arms Trade 
Treaty, unless the Arms Trade Treaty has been signed by the President, 
received the advice and consent of the Senate, and has been the subject 
of implementing legislation by the Congress.

SEC. 1263. WAR POWERS OF CONGRESS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) In 1793, George Washington said, ``The constitution 
        vests the power of declaring war in Congress; therefore no 
        offensive expedition of importance can be undertaken until 
        after they shall have deliberated upon the subject and 
        authorized such a measure.''.
            (2) In a letter to Thomas Jefferson in 1798, James Madison 
        wrote: ``The constitution supposes, what the History of all 
        Governments demonstrates, that the Executive is the branch of 
        power most interested in war, and most prone to it. It has 
        accordingly with studied care vested the question of war to the 
        Legislature.''
            (3) In 1973, Congress passed the War Powers Resolution 
        which states in section 2: ``The constitutional powers of the 
        President as Commander-in-Chief to introduce United States 
        Armed Forces into hostilities, or into situations where 
        imminent involvement in hostilities is clearly indicated by the 
        circumstances, are exercised only pursuant to (1) a declaration 
        of war, (2) specific statutory authorization, or (3) national 
        emergency created by attack upon the United States, its 
        territories or possessions, or its armed forces.''.
            (4) In its April 1, 2011, Memorandum to President Obama, 
        the Office of Legal Counsel concluded: ``President Obama could 
        rely on his constitutional power to safeguard the national 
        interest by directing the anticipated military operations in 
        Libya--which were limited in their nature, scope, and 
        duration--without prior congressional authorization.''.
            (5) On June 15, 2011, in a letter to the Speaker of the 
        House of Representatives from the Department of Defense and 
        Department of State, the Departments informed Congress that 
        ``The President is of the view that the current U.S. military 
        operations in Libya are consistent with the War Powers 
        Resolution and do not under that law require further 
        congressional authorization, because U.S. military operations 
        are distinct from the kind of `hostilities contemplated by the 
        Resolution's 60 day termination provision'.''.
            (6) The precedence set by the Executive Branch in its 
        assertion that Congress plays no role in military actions like 
        those taken in Libya is contrary to the intent of the Framers 
        and of the Constitution which vests sole authority to declare 
        war in the Legislative Branch.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed 
to authorize any use of military force.

SEC. 1264. PROHIBITION ON USE OF DRONES TO KILL UNITED STATES CITIZENS.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Department of Defense may not use a drone to 
kill a citizen of the United States.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition under subsection (a) shall not 
apply to an individual who is actively engaged in combat against the 
United States.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``drone'' means an 
unmanned aircraft (as defined in section 331 of the FAA Modernization 
and Reform Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 40101 note)).

SEC. 1265. SALE OF F-16 AIRCRAFT TO TAIWAN.

    The President shall carry out the sale of no fewer than 66 F-16C/D 
multirole fighter aircraft to Taiwan.

SEC. 1266. STATEMENT OF POLICY AND REPORT ON THE INHERENT RIGHT OF 
              ISRAEL TO SELF-DEFENSE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation 
        Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8601 et seq.) established the policy of 
        the United States to support the inherent right of Israel to 
        self-defense.
            (2) The United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation 
        Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8601 et seq.) expressed the sense of 
        Congress that the Government of the United States should 
        transfer to the Government of Israel defense articles and 
        defense services such as air refueling tankers, missile defense 
        capabilities, and specialized munitions.
            (3) The inherent right of Israel to self-defense 
        necessarily includes the possession and maintenance by Israel 
        of an independent capability to remove existential threats to 
        its security and defend its vital national interests.
    (b) Policy of the United States.--It is the policy of the United 
States to take all necessary steps to ensure that Israel possesses and 
maintains an independent capability to remove existential threats to 
its security and defend its vital national interests.
    (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that air 
refueling tankers and advanced bunker-buster munitions should 
immediately be transferred to Israel to ensure our democratic ally has 
an independent capability to remove any existential threat posed by the 
Iranian nuclear program and defend its vital national interests.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, the President shall submit 
to the House and Senate Armed Services committees, the House Foreign 
Affairs Committee, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and the 
House and Senate Appropriations committees a report that--
            (1) identifies all aerial refueling platforms, bunker-
        buster munitions, and other capabilities and platforms that 
        would contribute significantly to the maintenance by Israel of 
        a robust independent capability to remove existential security 
        threats, including nuclear and ballistic missile facilities in 
        Iran, and defend its vital national interests;
            (2) assesses the availability for sale or transfer of items 
        necessary to acquire the capabilities and platforms described 
        in paragraph (1) as well as the legal authorities available for 
        making such transfers; and
            (3) describes the steps the President is taking to 
        immediately transfer the items described in paragraph (1) 
        pursuant to the policy described in subsection (b).

SEC. 1267. REPORT ON COLLECTIVE AND NATIONAL SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF 
              CENTRAL ASIAN AND SOUTH CAUCASUS ENERGY DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Assured access to stable energy supplies is an enduring 
        concern of both the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization (NATO).
            (2) Adopted in Lisbon in November 2010, the new NATO 
        Strategic Concept declares that ``[s]ome NATO countries will 
        become more dependent on foreign energy suppliers and in some 
        cases, on foreign energy supply and distribution networks for 
        their energy needs''.
            (3) The report required by section 1233 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-
        81) reaffirmed the Strategic Concept's assessment of growing 
        energy dependence of some members of the NATO alliance and also 
        noted there is value in the assured access, protection, and 
        delivery of energy.
            (4) Development of energy resources and transit routes in 
        the areas surrounding the Caspian Sea can diversify sources of 
        supply for members of the NATO alliance, particularly those in 
        Eastern Europe.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of 
        Energy, submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        detailed report on the implications of new energy resource 
        development and distribution networks, both planned and under 
        construction, in the areas surrounding the Caspian Sea for 
        energy security strategies of the United States and NATO.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the dependence of NATO members 
                on a single oil or natural gas supplier or distribution 
                network.
                    (B) An assessment of the potential of energy 
                resources of the areas surrounding the Caspian Sea to 
                mitigate such dependence on a single supplier or 
                distribution network.
                    (C) Recommendations, if any, for ways in which the 
                United States can help support increased energy 
                security for NATO members.
            (3) Submission of classified information.--The report under 
        this subsection shall be submitted in unclassified form, but 
        may contain a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate.

SEC. 1268. REPORT ON MILITARY AND SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS INVOLVING THE 
              RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2014, and June 1 of each year 
thereafter through 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
specified congressional committees a report, in both classified and 
unclassified form, on the current and future military power of the 
Russian Federation (in this section referred to as ``Russia''). The 
report shall address the current and probable future course of 
military-technological development of the Russian military, the tenets 
and probable development of Russian security strategy and military 
strategy, and military organizations and operational concepts, for the 
20-year period following submission of such report.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--A report required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the security situation in regions 
        neighboring Russia.
            (2) The goals and factors shaping Russian security strategy 
        and military strategy.
            (3) Trends in Russian security and military behavior that 
        would be designed to achieve, or that are consistent with, the 
        goals described in paragraph (2).
            (4) An assessment of Russia's global and regional security 
        objectives, including objectives that would affect the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Middle East, and the People's 
        Republic of China.
            (5) A detailed assessment of the sizes, locations, and 
        capabilities of Russian nuclear, special operations, land, sea, 
        and air forces.
            (6) Developments in Russian military doctrine and training.
            (7) An assessment of the proliferation activities of Russia 
        and Russian entities, as a supplier of materials, technologies, 
        or expertise relating to nuclear weapons or other weapons of 
        mass destruction or missile systems.
            (8) Developments in Russia's asymmetric capabilities, 
        including its strategy and efforts to develop and deploy 
        cyberwarfare and electronic warfare capabilities, details on 
        the number of malicious cyber incidents originating from Russia 
        against Department of Defense infrastructure, and associated 
        activities originating or suspected of originating from Russia.
            (9) The strategy and capabilities of Russian space and 
        counterspace programs, including trends, global and regional 
        activities, the involvement of military and civilian 
        organizations, including state-owned enterprises, academic 
        institutions, and commercial entities, and efforts to develop, 
        acquire, or gain access to advanced technologies that would 
        enhance Russian military capabilities.
            (10) Developments in Russia's nuclear program, including 
        the size and state of Russia's stockpile, its nuclear strategy 
        and associated doctrines, its civil and military production 
        capacities, and projections of its future arsenals.
            (11) A description of Russia's anti-access and area denial 
        capabilities.
            (12) A description of Russia's command, control, 
        communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance modernization program and its applications for 
        Russia's precision guided weapons.
            (13) In consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the 
        Secretary of State, developments regarding United States-
        Russian engagement and cooperation on security matters.
            (14) The current state of United States military-to-
        military contacts with the Russian Federation Armed Forces, 
        which shall include the following:
                    (A) A comprehensive and coordinated strategy for 
                such military-to-military contacts and updates to the 
                strategy.
                    (B) A summary of all such military-to-military 
                contacts during the one-year period preceding the 
                report, including a summary of topics discussed and 
                questions asked by the Russian participants in those 
                contacts.
                    (C) A description of such military-to-military 
                contacts scheduled for the 12-month period following 
                such report and the plan for future contacts.
                    (D) The Secretary's assessment of the benefits the 
                Russians expect to gain from such military-to-military 
                contacts.
                    (E) The Secretary's assessment of the benefits the 
                Department of Defense expects to gain from such 
                military-to-military contacts, and any concerns 
                regarding such contacts.
                    (F) The Secretary's assessment of how such 
                military-to-military contacts fit into the larger 
                security relationship between the United States and the 
                Russian Federation.
            (15) A description of Russian military-to-military 
        relationships with other countries, including the size and 
        activity of military attache offices around the world and 
        military education programs conducted in Russia for other 
        countries or in other countries for the Russians.
            (16) Other military and security developments involving 
        Russia that the Secretary of Defense considers relevant to 
        United States national security.
    (c) Definition.--In this section the term ``specified congressional 
committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate.

SEC. 1269. LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO PROVIDE TEAR GAS OR OTHER RIOT 
              CONTROL ITEMS.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
used to provide tear gas or other riot control items to the government 
of a country undergoing a transition to democracy in the Middle East or 
North Africa unless the Secretary of Defense certifies to the Committee 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of 
the House of Representatives that the security forces of such 
government are not using excessive force to repress peaceful, lawful, 
and organized dissent.

SEC. 1270. REPORT ON CERTAIN FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO AFGHAN MILITARY.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on 
measures to monitor and ensure that United States financial assistance 
to the Afghan National Security Forces to purchase fuel is not used to 
purchase fuel from Iran in violation of United States sanctions.

SEC. 1271. ISRAEL'S RIGHT TO SELF-DEFENSE.

    Congress fully supports Israel's lawful exercise of self-defense, 
including actions to halt regional aggression.

SEC. 1272. SENSE OF CONGRESS STRONGLY SUPPORTING THE FULL 
              IMPLEMENTATION OF UNITED STATES AND INTERNATIONAL 
              SANCTIONS ON IRAN AND URGING THE PRESIDENT TO CONTINUE TO 
              STRENGTHEN ENFORCEMENT OF SANCTIONS LEGISLATION.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) On May 14, 1948, the people of Israel proclaimed the 
        establishment of the sovereign and independent State of Israel.
            (2) On March 28, 1949, the United States Government 
        recognized the establishment of the new State of Israel and 
        established full diplomatic relations.
            (3) Since its establishment nearly 65 years ago, the modern 
        State of Israel has rebuilt a nation, forged a new and dynamic 
        democratic society, and created a thriving economic, political, 
        cultural, and intellectual life despite the heavy costs of war, 
        terrorism, and unjustified diplomatic and economic boycotts 
        against the people of Israel.
            (4) The people of Israel have established a vibrant, 
        pluralistic, democratic political system, including freedom of 
        speech, association, and religion; a vigorously free press; 
        free, fair, and open elections; the rule of law; a fully 
        independent judiciary; and other democratic principles and 
        practices.
            (5) Since the 1979 revolution in Iran, the leaders of the 
        Islamic Republic of Iran have repeatedly made threats against 
        the existence of the State of Israel and sponsored acts of 
        terrorism and violence against its citizens.
            (6) On October 27, 2005, President of Iran Mahmoud 
        Ahmadinejad called for a world without America and Zionism.
            (7) In February 2012, Supreme Leader of Iran Ali Khamenei 
        said of Israel, ``The Zionist regime is a true cancer tumor on 
        this region that should be cut off. And it definitely will be 
        cut off.''.
            (8) In August 2012, Supreme Leader Khamenei said of Israel, 
        ``This bogus and fake Zionist outgrowth will disappear off the 
        landscape of geography.''.
            (9) In August 2012, President Ahmadinejad said that ``in 
        the new Middle East * * * there will be no trace of the 
        American presence and the Zionists'';
            (10) The Department of State has designated the Islamic 
        Republic of Iran as a state sponsor of terrorism since 1984 and 
        has characterized the Islamic Republic of Iran as the ``most 
        active state sponsor of terrorism'' in the world.
            (11) The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has 
        provided weapons, training, funding, and direction to terrorist 
        groups, including Hamas, Hizballah, and Shiite militias in Iraq 
        that are responsible for the murder of hundreds of United 
        States service members and innocent civilians.
            (12) The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has 
        provided weapons, training, and funding to the regime of Bashar 
        al Assad that has been used to suppress and murder its own 
        people.
            (13) Since at least the late 1980s, the Government of the 
        Islamic Republic of Iran has engaged in a sustained and well-
        documented pattern of illicit and deceptive activities to 
        acquire a nuclear weapons capability.
            (14) Since September 2005, the Board of Governors of the 
        International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has found the Islamic 
        Republic of Iran to be in non-compliance with its safeguards 
        agreement with the IAEA, which Iran is obligated to undertake 
        as a non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty on the Non-
        Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done at Washington, London, 
        and Moscow July 1, 1968, and entered into force March 5, 1970 
        (NPT).
            (15) The United Nations Security Council has adopted 
        multiple resolutions since 2006 demanding of the Government of 
        the Islamic Republic of Iran its full and sustained suspension 
        of all uranium enrichment-related and reprocessing activities 
        and its full cooperation with the IAEA on all outstanding 
        issues related to its nuclear activities, particularly those 
        concerning the possible military dimensions of its nuclear 
        program.
            (16) The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has 
        refused to comply with United Nations Security Council 
        resolutions or to fully cooperate with the IAEA.
            (17) In November 2011, the IAEA Director General issued a 
        report that documented ``serious concerns regarding possible 
        military dimensions to Iran's nuclear programme'', and affirmed 
        that information available to the IAEA indicates that ``Iran 
        has carried out activities relevant to the development of a 
        nuclear explosive device'' and that some activities may be 
        ongoing.
            (18) The Government of Iran stands in violation of the 
        Universal Declaration of Human Rights for denying its citizens 
        basic freedoms, including the freedoms of expression, religion, 
        peaceful assembly and movement, and for flagrantly abusing the 
        rights of minorities and women.
            (19) In his State of the Union Address on January 24, 2012, 
        President Barack Obama stated, ``Let there be no doubt: America 
        is determined to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, 
        and I will take no options off the table to achieve that 
        goal.''.
            (20) Congress has passed and the President has signed into 
        law legislation imposing significant economic and diplomatic 
        sanctions on Iran to encourage the Government of Iran to 
        abandon its pursuit of nuclear weapons and end its support for 
        terrorism.
            (21) These sanctions, while having significant effect, have 
        yet to persuade Iran to abandon its illicit pursuits and comply 
        with United Nations Security Council resolutions.
            (22) More stringent enforcement of sanctions legislation, 
        including elements targeting oil exports and access to foreign 
        exchange, could still lead the Government of Iran to change 
        course.
            (23) In his State of the Union Address on February 12, 
        2013, President Obama reiterated, ``The leaders of Iran must 
        recognize that now is the time for a diplomatic solution, 
        because a coalition stands united in demanding that they meet 
        their obligations. And we will do what is necessary to prevent 
        them from getting a nuclear weapon.''.
            (24) On March 4, 2012, President Obama stated, ``Iran's 
        leaders should understand that I do not have a policy of 
        containment; I have a policy to prevent Iran from obtaining a 
        nuclear weapon.''.
            (25) On October 22, 2012, President Obama said of Iran, 
        ``The clock is ticking * * * And we're going to make sure that 
        if they do not meet the demands of the international community, 
        then we are going to take all options necessary to make sure 
        they don't have a nuclear weapon.''.
            (26) On May 19, 2011, President Obama stated, ``Every state 
        has the right to self-defense, and Israel must be able to 
        defend itself, by itself, against any threat.''.
            (27) On September 21, 2011, President Obama stated, 
        ``America's commitment to Israel's security is unshakeable. Our 
        friendship with Israel is deep and enduring.''.
            (28) On March 4, 2012, President Obama stated, ``And 
        whenever an effort is made to delegitimize the state of Israel, 
        my administration has opposed them. So there should not be a 
        shred of doubt by now: when the chips are down, I have Israel's 
        back.''.
            (29) On October 22, 2012, President Obama stated, ``Israel 
        is a true friend. And if Israel is attacked, America will stand 
        with Israel. I've made that clear throughout my presidency * * 
        * I will stand with Israel if they are attacked.''.
            (30) In December 2012, 74 United States Senators wrote to 
        President Obama ``As you begin your second term as President, 
        we ask you to reiterate your readiness to take military action 
        against Iran if it continues its efforts to acquire a nuclear 
        weapon. In addition, we urge you to work with our European and 
        Middle Eastern allies to demonstrate to the Iranians that a 
        credible and capable multilateral coalition exists that would 
        support a military strike if, in the end, this is unfortunately 
        necessary.''.
            (31) The United States-Israel Enhanced Security Cooperation 
        Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-150) stated that it is United 
        States policy to support Israel's inherent right to self-
        defense.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) reaffirms the special bonds of friendship and 
        cooperation that have existed between the United States and the 
        State of Israel for more than sixty years and that enjoy 
        overwhelming bipartisan support in Congress and among the 
        people of the United States;
            (2) strongly supports the close military, intelligence, and 
        security cooperation that President Obama has pursued with 
        Israel and urges this cooperation to continue and deepen;
            (3) deplores and condemns, in the strongest possible terms, 
        the reprehensible statements and policies of the leaders of the 
        Islamic Republic of Iran threatening the security and existence 
        of Israel;
            (4) recognizes the tremendous threat posed to the United 
        States, the West, and Israel by the Government of Iran's 
        continuing pursuit of a nuclear weapons capability;
            (5) reiterates that the policy of the United States is to 
        prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon capability and to 
        take such action as may be necessary to implement this policy;
            (6) reaffirms its strong support for the full 
        implementation of United States and international sanctions on 
        Iran and urges the President to continue and strengthen 
        enforcement of sanctions legislation;
            (7) declares that the United States has a vital national 
        interest in, and unbreakable commitment to, ensuring the 
        existence, survival, and security of the State of Israel, and 
        reaffirms United States support for Israel's right to self-
        defense; and
            (8) urges that, if the Government of Israel is compelled to 
        take military action in legitimate self-defense against Iran's 
        nuclear weapons program, the United States Government should 
        stand with Israel and provide, in accordance with United States 
        law and the constitutional responsibility of Congress to 
        authorize the use of military force, diplomatic, military, and 
        economic support to the Government of Israel in its defense of 
        its territory, people, and existence.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as an authorization for the use of force or a declaration of 
war.

SEC. 1273. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE ILLEGAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAMS OF 
              IRAN AND NORTH KOREA.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the paramount security concern of the United States is 
        the ongoing and illegal nuclear weapons programs of the Islamic 
        Republic of Iran and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea;
            (2) it should be the primary objective of the President of 
        the United States to ensure that North Korea's nuclear program 
        is completely and verifiably eliminated and that Iran, and its 
        terrorist proxies, are not allowed to develop nuclear weapons 
        capability and the means to deliver them;
            (3) the continuing failure to compel Iran and North Korea 
        to comply with their respective obligations under international 
        law risks greater nuclear proliferation throughout already 
        unstable regions by states that have chosen, but not 
        irreversibly so, to refrain from developing or acquiring their 
        own nuclear weapons capability;
            (4) nuclear arms reductions by the United States and the 
        Russian Federation have not persuaded or otherwise incentivized 
        Iran and North Korea to halt or reverse their destabilizing and 
        dangerous nuclear weapons programs, nor have they resulted in 
        increased cooperation by other states to deal with these 
        threats; and
            (5) the President should use all international fora 
        available to the President to pursue the complete and 
        verifiable elimination of the nuclear weapons programs of Iran 
        and North Korea as the President's paramount obligation to the 
        security of the American people.

SEC. 1274. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS TO PURCHASE EQUIPMENT FROM 
              ROSOBORONEXPORT.

    (a) Limitation.--No funds authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for any fiscal year after fiscal year 2013 may be 
used for the purchase of any equipment from Rosoboronexport until the 
Secretary of Defense certifies in writing to the congressional defense 
committees that, to the best of the Secretary's knowledge--
            (1) Rosoboronexport is cooperating fully with the Defense 
        Contract Audit Agency;
            (2) Rosoboronexport has not delivered S-300 advanced anti-
        aircraft missiles to Syria; and
            (3) no new contracts have been signed between the Bashar al 
        Assad regime in Syria and Rosoboronexport since January 1, 
        2013.
    (b) National Security Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
        limitation in subsection (a) if the Secretary certifies that 
        the waiver in order to purchase equipment from Rosoboronexport 
        is in national security interest of the United States.
            (2) Report.--If the Secretary waives the limitation in 
        subsection (a) pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees, not later than 
        30 days before purchasing equipment from Rosoboronexport 
        pursuant to the waiver, a report on the waiver. The report 
        shall be submitted in classified or unclassified form, at the 
        election of the Secretary. The report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) An explanation why it is in the national 
                security interest of the United States to purchase 
                equipment from Rosoboronexport.
                    (B) An explanation why comparable equipment cannot 
                be purchased from another corporation.
                    (C) An assessment of the cooperation of 
                Rosoboronexport with the Defense Contract Audit Agency.
                    (D) An assessment of whether and how many S-300 
                advanced anti-aircraft missiles have been delivered to 
                the Assad regime by Rosoboronexport.
                    (E) A list of the contracts that Rosoboronexport 
                has signed with the Assad regime since January 1, 2013.
    (c) Requirement for Competitively Bid Contracts.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall award any contract that will use United States funds for 
the procurement of helicopters for the Afghan Security Forces using 
competitive procedures based on requirements developed by the Secretary 
of Defense.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

SEC. 1301. SPECIFICATION OF COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION PROGRAMS AND 
              FUNDS.

    (a) Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction Programs.--For 
purposes of section 301 and other provisions of this Act, Cooperative 
Threat Reduction programs are the programs specified in section 1501 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (50 U.S.C. 
2362 note).
    (b) Fiscal Year 2014 Cooperative Threat Reduction Funds Defined.--
As used in this title, the term ``fiscal year 2014 Cooperative Threat 
Reduction funds'' means the funds appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 301 and made available by 
the funding table in section 4301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction 
programs.
    (c) Availability of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 301 and made available by 
the funding table in section 4301 for Cooperative Threat Reduction 
programs shall be available for obligation for fiscal years 2014, 2015, 
and 2016.

SEC. 1302. FUNDING ALLOCATIONS.

    (a) Funding for Specific Purposes.--Of the $528,455,000 authorized 
to be appropriated to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2014 in 
section 301 and made available by the funding table in section 4301 for 
Cooperative Threat Reduction programs, the following amounts may be 
obligated for the purposes specified:
            (1) For strategic offensive arms elimination, $5,655,000.
            (2) For chemical weapons destruction, $13,000,000.
            (3) For global nuclear security, $32,793,000.
            (4) For cooperative biological engagement, $293,142,110.
            (5) For proliferation prevention, $149,314,890.
            (6) For threat reduction engagement, $6,375,000.
            (7) For activities designated as Other Assessments/
        Administrative Costs, $28,175,000.
    (b) Report on Obligation or Expenditure of Funds for Other 
Purposes.--No fiscal year 2014 Cooperative Threat Reduction funds may 
be obligated or expended for a purpose other than a purpose listed in 
paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a) until 15 days after the 
date that the Secretary of Defense submits to Congress a report on the 
purpose for which the funds will be obligated or expended and the 
amount of funds to be obligated or expended. Nothing in the preceding 
sentence shall be construed as authorizing the obligation or 
expenditure of fiscal year 2014 Cooperative Threat Reduction funds for 
a purpose for which the obligation or expenditure of such funds is 
specifically prohibited under this title or any other provision of law.
    (c) Limited Authority to Vary Individual Amounts.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), in any case in 
        which the Secretary of Defense determines that it is necessary 
        to do so in the national interest, the Secretary may obligate 
        amounts appropriated for fiscal year 2014 for a purpose listed 
        in paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a) in excess of 
        the specific amount authorized for that purpose.
            (2) Notice-and-wait required.--An obligation of funds for a 
        purpose stated in paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a) 
        in excess of the specific amount authorized for such purpose 
        may be made using the authority provided in paragraph (1) only 
        after--
                    (A) the Secretary submits to Congress notification 
                of the intent to do so together with a complete 
                discussion of the justification for doing so; and
                    (B) 15 days have elapsed following the date of the 
                notification.

SEC. 1303. EXTENSION FOR USE OF CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE COOPERATIVE THREAT 
              REDUCTION PROGRAM.

    Section 1303(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 22 U.S.C. 5952 note) is amended by 
striking ``2015'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 1304. STRATEGY TO MODERNIZE COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION AND 
              PREVENT THE PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION 
              AND RELATED MATERIALS IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA 
              REGION.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Energy, shall 
establish a comprehensive and broad nonproliferation strategy to 
modernize cooperative threat reduction and advance cooperative efforts 
with international partners to reduce the threat from the proliferation 
of weapons of mass destruction and related materials in the Middle East 
and North Africa region.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall--
            (1) build upon the current activities of the Departments of 
        Defense, State, and Energy's nonproliferation programs that aim 
        to mitigate the range of threats in the Middle East and North 
        Africa region posed by weapons of mass destruction;
            (2) review issues relating to the threat from the 
        proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and related 
        materials in the Middle East and North Africa region on a 
        regional basis as well as on a country-by-country basis;
            (3) review the activities and achievements in the Middle 
        East and North Africa region of the Department of Defense 
        Cooperative Threat Reduction Program and the nonproliferation 
        programs at the Department of State and Department of Energy 
        and other United States Government agencies and departments 
        designed to address nuclear, radiological, chemical, and 
        biological safety and security issues;
            (4) ensure the continued coordination of cooperative 
        nonproliferation efforts within the United States Government 
        and further mobilize and leverage additional resources from 
        partner nations, nongovernmental and multilateral 
        organizations, and international institutions;
            (5) include an assessment of what countries are 
        financially, materially, or technologically supporting 
        proliferation in this region and how the strategy will prevent, 
        stop or interdict the support;
            (6) include an estimate of associated costs required to 
        plan and execute the proposed cooperative threat reduction 
        activities in order to execute the comprehensive strategy to 
        prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and 
        related materials; and
            (7) include a discussion of the metrics to measure the 
        strategy's and activities' success in reducing the regional 
        threat of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
    (c) Integration and Coordination.--The strategy required by 
subsection (a) shall include an assessment of gaps in current 
cooperative nonproliferation efforts, an articulation of agencies' 
threat reduction priorities in the Middle East and North Africa region, 
the establishment of appropriate metrics for determining success in the 
region, and steps to ensure that the strategy fits in broader United 
States efforts to reduce the threat from weapons of mass destruction.
    (d) Consultation.--In establishing the strategy required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may consult with both 
governmental and nongovernmental experts from a diverse set of views.
    (e) Strategy and Implementation Plan.--Not later than March 31, 
2014, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the specified 
congressional committees the cooperative threat reduction modernization 
strategy required by subsection (a), as well as a plan for the 
implementation of the strategy required by subsection (a).
    (f) Form.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (g) Specified Congressional Committees.--In this section, the term 
``specific congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

SEC. 1401. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for providing capital for working capital and 
revolving funds, as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1402. NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year 
2014 for the National Defense Sealift Fund, as specified in the funding 
table in section 4501.

SEC. 1403. CHEMICAL AGENTS AND MUNITIONS DESTRUCTION, DEFENSE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2014 
for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for Chemical Agents and 
Munitions Destruction, Defense, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4501.
    (b) Use.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection 
(a) are authorized for--
            (1) the destruction of lethal chemical agents and munitions 
        in accordance with section 1412 of the Department of Defense 
        Authorization Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521); and
            (2) the destruction of chemical warfare materiel of the 
        United States that is not covered by section 1412 of such Act.

SEC. 1404. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE-WIDE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2014 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide, 
as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1405. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2014 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense, as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1406. DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for the Defense Health Program, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4501, for use of the Armed Forces and other activities and 
agencies of the Department of Defense in providing for the health of 
eligible beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

SEC. 1411. USE OF NATIONAL DEFENSE STOCKPILE FOR THE CONSERVATION OF A 
              STRATEGIC AND CRITICAL MATERIALS SUPPLY.

    (a) Presidential Responsibility for Conservation of Stockpile 
Materials.--Section 98e(a) of title 50, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (5) and (6) as paragraphs 
        (6) and (7), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph (5):
            ``(5) provide for the recovery of any strategic and 
        critical material from excess materials made available for 
        recovery purposes by other Federal agencies;''.
    (b) Uses of National Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund.--Section 
98h(b)(2) of title 50, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) through (L) as 
        subparagraphs (E) through (M), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
        subparagraph (D):
                    ``(D) Encouraging the conservation of strategic and 
                critical materials.''.
    (c) Development of Domestic Sources.--Section 98h-6(a) of title 50, 
United States Code, is amended, in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
by inserting ``and conservation'' after ``development''.

SEC. 1412. AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE ADDITIONAL MATERIALS FOR THE NATIONAL 
              DEFENSE STOCKPILE.

    (a) Acquisition Authority.--Using funds available in the National 
Defense Stockpile Transaction Fund, the National Defense Stockpile 
Manager may acquire the following materials determined to be strategic 
and critical materials required to meet the defense, industrial, and 
essential civilian needs of the United States:
            (1) Ferroniobium.
            (2) Dysprosium Metal.
            (3) Yttrium Oxide.
            (4) Cadmium Zinc Tellurium Substrate Materials.
            (5) Lithium Ion Precursors.
            (6) Triamino-Trinitrobenzene and Insensitive High Explosive 
        Molding Powders.
    (b) Amount of Authority.--The National Defense Stockpile Manager 
may use up to $41,000,000 of the National Stockpile Transaction Fund 
for acquisition of the materials specified in subsection (a).
    (c) Fiscal Year Limitation.--The authority under this section is 
available for purchases during fiscal year 2014 through fiscal year 
2019.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 1421. AUTHORITY FOR TRANSFER OF FUNDS TO JOINT DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY 
              DEMONSTRATION FUND FOR CAPTAIN JAMES A. LOVELL HEALTH 
              CARE CENTER, ILLINOIS.

    (a) Authority for Transfer of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated for section 507 and available for the Defense Health 
Program for operation and maintenance, $143,087,000 may be transferred 
by the Secretary of Defense to the Joint Department of Defense-
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration Fund 
established by subsection (a)(1) of section 1704 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
Stat. 2571). For purposes of subsection (a)(2) of such section 1704, 
any funds so transferred shall be treated as amounts authorized and 
appropriated specifically for the purpose of such a transfer.
    (b) Use of Transferred Funds.--For the purposes of subsection (b) 
of such section 1704, facility operations for which funds transferred 
under subsection (a) may be used are operations of the Captain James A. 
Lovell Federal Health Care Center, consisting of the North Chicago 
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, the Navy Ambulatory Care Center, and 
supporting facilities designated as a combined Federal medical facility 
under an operational agreement covered by section 706 of the Duncan 
Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public 
Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4500).

SEC. 1422. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT 
              HOME.

    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
from the Armed Forces Retirement Home Trust Fund the sum of $67,800,000 
for the operation of the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

SEC. 1423. CEMETERIAL EXPENSES.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of the Army for fiscal year 2014 for cemeterial expenses, not otherwise 
provided for, in the amount of $45,800,000.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

         Subtitle A--Authorization of Additional Appropriations

SEC. 1501. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this subtitle is to authorize appropriations for the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2014 to provide additional funds 
for overseas contingency operations being carried out by the Armed 
Forces.

SEC. 1502. PROCUREMENT.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for procurement accounts for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, 
the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding 
table in section 4102.

SEC. 1503. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4202.

SEC. 1504. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4302.

SEC. 1505. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
military personnel, as specified in the funding table in section 4402.

SEC. 1506. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2014 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for providing capital for working capital and 
revolving funds, as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1507. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE-WIDE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2014 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide, 
as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1508. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2014 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense, as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1509. DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2014 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Defense Health Program, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4502.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

SEC. 1521. TREATMENT AS ADDITIONAL AUTHORIZATIONS.

    The amounts authorized to be appropriated by this title are in 
addition to amounts otherwise authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act.

SEC. 1522. SPECIAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this title for fiscal 
        year 2014 between any such authorizations for that fiscal year 
        (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so 
        transferred shall be merged with and be available for the same 
        purposes as the authorization to which transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--The total amount of authorizations that 
        the Secretary may transfer under the authority of this 
        subsection may not exceed $3,000,000,000.
    (b) Terms and Conditions.--Transfers under this section shall be 
subject to the same terms and conditions as transfers under section 
1001.
    (c) Additional Authority.--The transfer authority provided by this 
section is in addition to the transfer authority provided under section 
1001.

               Subtitle C--Limitations and Other Matters

SEC. 1531. AFGHANISTAN SECURITY FORCES FUND.

    (a) Continuation of Existing Limitations on Use of Funds in Fund.--
Funds available to the Department of Defense for the Afghanistan 
Security Forces Fund for fiscal year 2014 shall be subject to the 
conditions contained in subsections (b) through (g) of section 1513 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 122 Stat. 428), as amended by section 1531(b) of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4424).
    (b) Revision of Plan for Use of Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.--
            (1) Revision and purpose.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        revise the plan required by section 1531(e) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-
        239; 126 Stat. 2056) regarding use of the Afghanistan Security 
        Forces Fund through September 30, 2017, to ensure that an 
        office or official of the Department of Defense is identified 
        as responsible for each program or activity supported using 
        funds available to the Department of Defense through the 
        Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
            (2) Submission.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional committees the plan as revised 
        pursuant to paragraph (1).
    (c) Promotion of Recruitment and Retention of Women.--Of the funds 
available to the Department of Defense for the Afghanistan Security 
Forces Fund for fiscal year 2014, no less than $47,300,000 shall be 
used for the recruitment and retention of women in the Afghanistan 
National Security Forces. This requirement does not modify the 
distribution of funds for programs and activities supported using the 
Afghanistan Security Forces Fund, but will ensure attention to 
recruitment and retention of women within each program and activity.

SEC. 1532. FUTURE ROLE OF JOINT IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE DEFEAT 
              ORGANIZATION.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the future plans of the 
Department of Defense for the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat 
Organization (JIEDDO).
    (b) Required Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An analysis of alternatives considered in determining 
        the future plans for JIEDDO.
            (2) If the Secretary of Defense plans to discontinue 
        JIEDDO--
                    (A) a description of how JIEDDO's major programs 
                and capabilities will be integrated into other 
                components within the Department of Defense or 
                discontinued; and
                    (B) a statement of the estimated costs to other 
                components of the Department for any JIEDDO programs 
                and capabilities that are reassigned to such 
                components.
            (3) If the Secretary of Defense plans to continue JIEDDO--
                    (A) a statement of the expected mission of JIEDDO;
                    (B) a description of the expected organizational 
                structure for JIEDDO, including the reporting structure 
                and lines of authority within the Department and 
                personnel strength, including contractors; and
                    (C) a statement of the estimated costs and 
                budgetary impacts related to implementing any changes 
                to the mission of JIEDDO and its organizational 
                structure.
            (4) A timeline for implementation of the selected 
        alternative described in paragraph (2) or (3).
            (5) A description on how the Department will identify and 
        incorporate lessons learned from establishing and managing 
        JIEDDO and its programs.

SEC. 1533. LIMITATION ON INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE 
              SUPPORT FOR OPERATION OBSERVANT COMPASS.

    None of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for operation and 
maintenance by section 1504, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4302, may be obligated or expended for intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance support for Operation Observant 
Compass until the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
defense committees a report on Operation Observant Compass, including 
the specific goals of the campaign to counter the Lord Resistance Army, 
the precise metrics used to measure progress in such campaign, and the 
required steps that will be taken to transition such campaign if it is 
determined that it is no longer necessary for the United States to 
support the mission of such campaign.

SEC. 1534. REPORT ON UNITED STATES FORCE LEVELS AND COSTS OF MILITARY 
              OPERATIONS IN AFGHANISTAN.

    Not later than January 15, 2014, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and Senate a report on the following:
            (1) The estimated United States force levels in Afghanistan 
        for each of years 2015 through 2020.
            (2) The estimated costs of United States military 
        operations in Afghanistan for each of fiscal years 2015 through 
        2020.

SEC. 1535. LIMITATION ON FUNDS FOR THE AFGHANISTAN SECURITY FORCES FUND 
              TO ACQUIRE CERTAIN AIRCRAFT, VEHICLES, AND EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act to the Department of Defense for the Afghanistan Security Forces 
Fund (ASFF), $2,600,000,000 shall be withheld from obligation and 
expenditure until the Secretary of Defense submits to the Committee on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Armed Services of the Senate a report as described in subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--The report referred to in subsection (a) is a report 
that includes the following information:
            (1) A list of all covered aircraft, vehicles, and equipment 
        to be purchased with funds authorized to be appropriated by 
        this Act to the Department of Defense for the ASFF.
            (2) The expected date on which such covered aircraft, 
        vehicles, and equipment would be delivered and operable in 
        Afghanistan.
            (3) The full requirements for operating such covered 
        aircraft, vehicles, and equipment.
            (4) The plan for maintenance of such covered aircraft, 
        vehicles, and equipment and estimated costs of such covered 
        aircraft, vehicles, and equipment by year, through 2020.
            (5) The expected date that ASFF personnel would be fully 
        capable of operating and maintaining such covered aircraft, 
        vehicles, and equipment without support from United States 
        personnel.
            (6) An explanation of the extent to which the acquisition 
        of such covered aircraft, vehicles, and equipment will impact 
        the longer-term United States costs of supporting the ASFF.
    (c) Covered Aircraft, Vehicles, and Equipment.--In this section, 
the term ``covered aircraft, vehicles, and equipment'' means 
helicopters, systems for close air support, air mobility systems, and 
armored vehicles.

                   TITLE XVI--INDUSTRIAL BASE MATTERS

SEC. 1601. PERIODIC AUDITS OF CONTRACTING COMPLIANCE BY INSPECTOR