Text: H.R.5 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)All Information (Except Text)

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Referred in Senate (07/24/2013)

 
[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 5 Referred in Senate (RFS)]

113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 H. R. 5


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             July 24, 2013

     Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, 
                     Education, Labor, and Pensions

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
To support State and local accountability for public education, protect 
 State and local authority, inform parents of the performance of their 
              children's schools, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Student Success Act''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. References.
Sec. 4. Transition.
Sec. 5. Effective dates.
Sec. 6. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 7. Sense of the Congress.
               TITLE I--AID TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

                         Subtitle A--In General

Sec. 101. Title heading.
Sec. 102. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 103. Flexibility to use Federal funds.
Sec. 104. School improvement.
Sec. 105. Direct student services.
Sec. 106. State administration.
  Subtitle B--Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged

Sec. 111. Part A headings.
Sec. 112. State plans.
Sec. 113. Local educational agency plans.
Sec. 114. Eligible school attendance areas.
Sec. 115. Schoolwide programs.
Sec. 116. Targeted assistance schools.
Sec. 117. Academic assessment and local educational agency and school 
                            improvement; school support and 
                            recognition.
Sec. 118. Parental involvement.
Sec. 119. Qualifications for teachers and paraprofessionals.
Sec. 120. Participation of children enrolled in private schools.
Sec. 121. Fiscal requirements.
Sec. 122. Coordination requirements.
Sec. 123. Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the 
                            Interior.
Sec. 124. Allocations to States.
Sec. 125. Basic grants to local educational agencies.
Sec. 126. Adequacy of funding of targeted grants to local educational 
                            agencies in fiscal years after fiscal year 
                            2001.
Sec. 127. Education finance incentive grant program.
Sec. 128. Carryover and waiver.
Sec. 129. Title I portability.
       Subtitle C--Additional Aid to States and School Districts

Sec. 131. Additional aid.
                    Subtitle D--National Assessment

Sec. 141. National assessment of title I.
                 Subtitle E--Title I General Provisions

Sec. 151. General provisions for title I.
            TITLE II--TEACHER PREPARATION AND EFFECTIVENESS

Sec. 201. Teacher preparation and effectiveness.
Sec. 202. Conforming repeals.
          TITLE III--PARENTAL ENGAGEMENT AND LOCAL FLEXIBILITY

Sec. 301. Parental engagement and local flexibility.
                          TITLE IV--IMPACT AID

Sec. 401. Purpose.
Sec. 402. Payments relating to Federal acquisition of real property.
Sec. 403. Payments for eligible federally connected children.
Sec. 404. Policies and procedures relating to children residing on 
                            Indian lands.
Sec. 405. Application for payments under sections 8002 and 8003.
Sec. 406. Construction.
Sec. 407. Facilities.
Sec. 408. State consideration of payments providing State aid.
Sec. 409. Federal administration.
Sec. 410. Administrative hearings and judicial review.
Sec. 411. Definitions.
Sec. 412. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 413. Conforming amendments.
                TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR THE ACT

Sec. 501. General provisions for the Act.
Sec. 502. Repeal.
Sec. 503. Other laws.
Sec. 504. Amendment to IDEA.
  TITLE VI--THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S TRUST RESPONSIBILITY TO AMERICAN 
          INDIAN, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION

Sec. 601. The Federal Government's Trust Responsibility to American 
                            Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian 
                            Education.
                     TITLE VII--HOMELESS EDUCATION

Sec. 701. Statement of policy.
Sec. 702. Grants for State and local activities for the education of 
                            homeless children and youths.
Sec. 703. Local educational agency subgrants for the education of 
                            homeless children and youths.
Sec. 704. Secretarial responsibilities.
Sec. 705. Definitions.
Sec. 706. Authorization of appropriations.
                  TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 801. Findings; Sense of the Congress.

SEC. 3. REFERENCES.

    Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to 
be made to a section or other provision of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.).

SEC. 4. TRANSITION.

    Unless otherwise provided in this Act, any person or agency that 
was awarded a grant under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) prior to the date of the enactment of 
this Act shall continue to receive funds in accordance with the terms 
of such award, except that funds for such award may not continue more 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 5. EFFECTIVE DATES.

    (a) In General.--Except as otherwise provided in this Act, this 
Act, and the amendments made by this Act, shall be effective upon the 
date of enactment of this Act.
    (b) Noncompetitive Programs.--With respect to noncompetitive 
programs under which any funds are allotted by the Secretary of 
Education to recipients on the basis of a formula, this Act, and the 
amendments made by this Act, shall take effect on October 1, 2013.
    (c) Competitive Programs.--With respect to programs that are 
conducted by the Secretary on a competitive basis, this Act, and the 
amendments made by this Act, shall take effect with respect to 
appropriations for use under those programs for fiscal year 2014.
    (d) Impact Aid.--With respect to title IV of the Act (20 U.S.C. 
7701 et seq.) (Impact Aid), this Act, and the amendments made by this 
Act, shall take effect with respect to appropriations for use under 
that title for fiscal year 2014.

SEC. 6. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
section 2 the following:

``SEC. 3. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) Title I.--
            ``(1) Part a.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out part A of title I $16,651,767,000 (reduced by 
        $195,399,345) for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.
            ``(2) Part b.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out part B of title I $3,028,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2014 through 2019.
    ``(b) Title II.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out title II $2,441,549,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.
    ``(c) Title III.--
            ``(1) Part a.--
                    ``(A) Subpart 1.--There are authorized to be 
                appropriated to carry out subpart 1 of part A of title 
                III $300,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
                2019.
                    ``(B) Subpart 2.--There are authorized to be 
                appropriated to carry out subpart 2 of part A of title 
                III $91,647,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
                2019.
                    ``(C) Subpart 3.--There are authorized to be 
                appropriated to carry out subpart 3 of part A of title 
                III $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
                2019.
            ``(2) Part b.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out part B of title III $2,055,709,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2014 through 2019.
    ``(d) Title IV.--
            ``(1) Payments for federal acquisition of real property.--
        For the purpose of making payments under section 4002, there 
        are authorized to be appropriated $63,445,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2014 through 2019.
            ``(2) Basic payments; payments for heavily impacted local 
        educational agencies.--For the purpose of making payments under 
        section 4003(b), there are authorized to be appropriated 
        $1,093,203,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.
            ``(3) Payments for children with disabilities.--For the 
        purpose of making payments under section 4003(d), there are 
        authorized to be appropriated $45,881,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2014 through 2019.
            ``(4) Construction.--For the purpose of carrying out 
        section 4007, there are authorized to be appropriated 
        $16,529,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.
            ``(5) Facilities maintenance.--For the purpose of carrying 
        out section 4008, there are authorized to be appropriated 
        $4,591,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019.''.

SEC. 7. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds as follows:
            (1) The Elementary and Secondary Education Act prohibits 
        the Federal Government from mandating, directing, or 
        controlling a State, local educational agency, or school's 
        curriculum, program of instruction, or allocation of State and 
        local resources, and from mandating a State or any subdivision 
        thereof to spend any funds or incur any costs not paid for 
        under such Act.
            (2) The Elementary and Secondary Education Act prohibits 
        the Federal Government from funding the development, pilot 
        testing, field testing, implementation, administration, or 
        distribution of any federally sponsored national test in 
        reading, mathematics, or any other subject, unless specifically 
        and explicitly authorized by law.
            (3) The Secretary of Education, through 3 separate 
        initiatives, has created a system of waivers and grants that 
        influence, incentivize, and coerce State educational agencies 
        into implementing common national elementary and secondary 
        standards and assessments endorsed by the Secretary.
            (4) The Race to the Top Fund encouraged and incentivized 
        States to adopt Common Core State Standards developed by the 
        National Governor's Association Center for Best Practices and 
        the Council of Chief State School Officers.
            (5) The Race to the Top Assessment grants awarded to the 
        Partnership for the Assessment of Readiness for College and 
        Careers (PARCC) and SMARTER Balanced Assessment Consortium 
        (SMARTER Balance) initiated the development of Common Core 
        State Standards aligned assessments that will, in turn, inform 
        and ultimately influence kindergarten through 12th-grade 
        curriculum and instructional materials.
            (6) The conditional Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
        flexibility waiver authority employed by the Department of 
        Education coerced States into accepting Common Core State 
        Standards and aligned assessments.
    (b) Sense of the Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that 
States and local educational agencies should maintain the rights and 
responsibilities of determining educational curriculum, programs of 
instruction, and assessments for elementary and secondary education.

               TITLE I--AID TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

                         Subtitle A--In General

SEC. 101. TITLE HEADING.

    The title heading for title I (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended 
to read as follows:

            ``TITLE I--AID TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES''.

SEC. 102. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    Section 1001 (20 U.S.C. 6301) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1001. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this title is to provide all children the 
opportunity to graduate high school prepared for postsecondary 
education or the workforce. This purpose can be accomplished by--
            ``(1) meeting the educational needs of low-achieving 
        children in our Nation's highest-poverty schools, English 
        learners, migratory children, children with disabilities, 
        Indian children, and neglected or delinquent children;
            ``(2) closing the achievement gap between high- and low-
        performing children, especially the achievement gaps between 
        minority and nonminority students, and between disadvantaged 
        children and their more advantaged peers;
            ``(3) affording parents substantial and meaningful 
        opportunities to participate in the education of their 
        children; and
            ``(4) challenging States and local educational agencies to 
        embrace meaningful, evidence-based education reform, while 
        encouraging state and local innovation.''.

SEC. 103. FLEXIBILITY TO USE FEDERAL FUNDS.

    Section 1002 (20 U.S.C. 6302) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1002. FLEXIBILITY TO USE FEDERAL FUNDS.

    ``(a) Alternative Uses of Federal Funds for State Educational 
Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsections (c) and (d) and 
        notwithstanding any other provision of law, a State educational 
        agency may use the applicable funding that the agency receives 
        for a fiscal year to carry out any State activity authorized or 
        required under one or more of the following provisions:
                    ``(A) Section 1003.
                    ``(B) Section 1004.
                    ``(C) Subpart 2 of part A of title I.
                    ``(D) Subpart 3 of part A of title I.
                    ``(E) Subpart 4 of part A of title I.
            ``(2) Notification.--Not later than June 1 of each year, a 
        State educational agency shall notify the Secretary of the 
        State educational agency's intention to use the applicable 
        funding for any of the alternative uses under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Applicable funding defined.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), in this subsection, the term 
                `applicable funding' means funds provided to carry out 
                State activities under one or more of the following 
                provisions.
                            ``(i) Section 1003.
                            ``(ii) Section 1004.
                            ``(iii) Subpart 2 of part A of title I.
                            ``(iv) Subpart 3 of part A of title I.
                            ``(v) Subpart 4 of part A of title I.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--In this subsection, the term 
                `applicable funding' does not include funds provided 
                under any of the provisions listed in subparagraph (A) 
                that State educational agencies are required by this 
                Act--
                            ``(i) to reserve, allocate, or spend for 
                        required activities;
                            ``(ii) to allocate, allot, or award to 
                        local educational agencies or other entities 
                        eligible to receive such funds; or
                            ``(iii) to use for technical assistance or 
                        monitoring.
            ``(4) Disbursement.--The Secretary shall disburse the 
        applicable funding to State educational agencies for 
        alternative uses under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year at the 
        same time as the Secretary disburses the applicable funding to 
        State educational agencies that do not intend to use the 
        applicable funding for such alternative uses for the fiscal 
        year.
    ``(b) Alternative Uses of Federal Funds for Local Educational 
Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsections (c) and (d) and 
        notwithstanding any other provision of law, a local educational 
        agency may use the applicable funding that the agency receives 
        for a fiscal year to carry out any local activity authorized or 
        required under one or more of the following provisions:
                    ``(A) Section 1003.
                    ``(B) Subpart 1 of part A of title I.
                    ``(C) Subpart 2 of part A of title I.
                    ``(D) Subpart 3 of part A of title I.
                    ``(E) Subpart 4 of part A of title I.
            ``(2) Notification.--A local educational agency shall 
        notify the State educational agency of the local educational 
        agency's intention to use the applicable funding for any of the 
        alternative uses under paragraph (1) by a date that is 
        established by the State educational agency for the 
        notification.
            ``(3) Applicable funding defined.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), in this subsection, the term 
                `applicable funding' means funds provided to carry out 
                local activities under one or more of the following 
                provisions:
                            ``(i) Subpart 2 of part A of title I.
                            ``(ii) Subpart 3 of part A of title I.
                            ``(iii) Subpart 4 of part A of title I.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--In this subsection, the term 
                `applicable funding' does not include funds provided 
                under any of the provisions listed in subparagraph (A) 
                that local educational agencies are required by this 
                Act--
                            ``(i) to reserve, allocate, or spend for 
                        required activities;
                            ``(ii) to allocate, allot, or award to 
                        entities eligible to receive such funds; or
                            ``(iii) to use for technical assistance or 
                        monitoring.
            ``(4) Disbursement.--Each State educational agency that 
        receives applicable funding for a fiscal year shall disburse 
        the applicable funding to local educational agencies for 
        alternative uses under paragraph (1) for the fiscal year at the 
        same time as the State educational agency disburses the 
        applicable funding to local educational agencies that do not 
        intend to use the applicable funding for such alternative uses 
        for the fiscal year.
    ``(c) Rule for Administrative Costs.--A State educational agency or 
a local educational agency shall only use applicable funding (as 
defined in subsection (a)(3) or (b)(3), respectively) for 
administrative costs incurred in carrying out a provision listed in 
subsection (a)(1) or (b)(1), respectively, to the extent that the 
agency, in the absence of this section, could have used funds for 
administrative costs with respect to a program listed in subsection 
(a)(3) or (b)(3), respectively.
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to relieve a State educational agency or local educational 
agency of any requirements relating to--
            ``(1) use of Federal funds to supplement, not supplant, 
        non-Federal funds;
            ``(2) comparability of services;
            ``(3) equitable participation of private school students 
        and teachers;
            ``(4) applicable civil rights requirements;
            ``(5) section 1113; or
            ``(6) section 1111.''.

SEC. 104. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT.

    Section 1003 (20 U.S.C. 6303) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``2 percent'' and inserting ``7 
                percent''; and
                    (B) by striking ``subpart 2 of part A'' and all 
                that follows through ``sections 1116 and 1117,'' and 
                inserting ``chapter B of subpart 1 of part A for each 
                fiscal year to carry out subsection (b),'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``for schools 
                identified for school improvement, corrective action, 
                and restructuring, for activities under section 
                1116(b)'' and inserting ``to carry out the State's 
                system of school improvement under section 
                1111(b)(3)(B)(iii)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or educational 
                service agencies'' and inserting ``, educational 
                service agencies, or non-profit or for-profit external 
                providers with expertise in using evidence-based or 
                other effective strategies to improve student 
                achievement'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``need for such 
                funds; and'' and inserting ``commitment to using such 
                funds to improve such schools.''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (3);
            (4) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``subpart 2 of part 
        A;'' and inserting ``chapter B of subpart 1 of part A;'';
            (5) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking ``in any fiscal year'' and 
                inserting ``in fiscal year 2015 and each subsequent 
                fiscal year'';
                    (B) by striking ``subpart 2'' and inserting 
                ``chapter B of subpart 1 of part A''; and
                    (C) by striking ``such subpart'' and inserting 
                ``such chapter'';
            (6) in subsection (f), by striking ``and the percentage of 
        students from each school from families with incomes below the 
        poverty line''; and
            (7) by striking subsection (g).

SEC. 105. DIRECT STUDENT SERVICES.

    The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by inserting after 
section 1003 the following:

``SEC. 1003A. DIRECT STUDENT SERVICES.

    ``(a) State Reservation.--Each State shall reserve 3 percent of the 
amount the State receives under chapter B of subpart 1 of part A for 
each fiscal year to carry out this section. Of such reserved funds, the 
State educational agency may use up to 1 percent to administer direct 
student services.
    ``(b) Direct Student Services.--From the amount available after the 
application of subsection (a), each State shall award grants in 
accordance with this section to local educational agencies to support 
direct student services.
    ``(c) Awards.--The State educational agency shall award grants to 
geographically diverse local educational agencies including suburban, 
rural, and urban local educational agencies. If there are not enough 
funds to award all applicants in a sufficient size and scope to run an 
effective direct student services program, the State shall prioritize 
awards to local educational agencies with the greatest number of 
neglected, delinquent, migrant students, English learners, at-risk 
students, and Native Americans, to increase academic achievement of 
such students.
    ``(d) Local Use of Funds.--A local educational agency receiving an 
award under this section--
            ``(1) shall use up to 1 percent of each award for outreach 
        and communication to parents about their options and to 
        register students for direct student services;
            ``(2) may use not more than 2 percent of each award for 
        administrative costs related to direct student services; and
            ``(3) shall use the remainder of the award to pay the 
        transportation required to provide public school choice or the 
        hourly rate for high-quality academic tutoring services, as 
        determined by a provider on the State-approved list required 
        under subsection (f)(2).
    ``(e) Application.--A local educational agency desiring to receive 
an award under subsection (b) shall submit an application describing 
how the local educational agency will--
            ``(1) provide adequate outreach to ensure parents can 
        exercise a meaningful choice of direct student services for 
        their child's education;
            ``(2) ensure parents have adequate time and information to 
        make a meaningful choice prior to enrolling their child in a 
        direct student service;
            ``(3) ensure sufficient availability of seats in the public 
        schools the local educational agency will make available for 
        public school choice options;
            ``(4) determine the requirements or criteria for student 
        eligibility for direct student services;
            ``(5) select a variety of providers of high-quality 
        academic tutoring from the State-approved list required under 
        subsection (f)(2) and ensure fair negotiations in selecting 
        such providers of high-quality academic tutoring, including 
        online, on campus, and other models of tutoring which provide 
        meaningful choices to parents to find the best service for 
        their child; and
            ``(6) develop an estimated per pupil expenditure available 
        for eligible students to use toward high-quality academic 
        tutoring which shall allow for an adequate level of services to 
        increase academic achievement from a variety of high-quality 
        academic tutoring providers.
    ``(f) Providers and Schools.--The State--
            ``(1) shall ensure that each local educational agency 
        receiving an award to provide public school choice can provide 
        a sufficient number of options to provide a meaningful choice 
        for parents;
            ``(2) shall compile a list of State-approved high-quality 
        academic tutoring providers that includes online, on campus, 
        and other models of tutoring; and
            ``(3) shall ensure that each local educational agency 
        receiving an award will provide an adequate number of high-
        quality academic tutoring options to ensure parents have a 
        meaningful choice of services.''.

SEC. 106. STATE ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 1004 (20 U.S.C. 6304) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1004. STATE ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), to carry 
out administrative duties assigned under subparts 1, 2, and 3 of part A 
of this title, each State may reserve the greater of--
            ``(1) 1 percent of the amounts received under such 
        subparts; or
            ``(2) $400,000 ($50,000 in the case of each outlying area).
    ``(b) Exception.--If the sum of the amounts reserved under subparts 
1, 2, and 3 of part A of this title is equal to or greater than 
$14,000,000,000, then the reservation described in subsection (a)(1) 
shall not exceed 1 percent of the amount the State would receive if 
$14,000,000,000 were allocated among the States for subparts 1, 2, and 
3 of part A of this title.''.

  Subtitle B--Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged

SEC. 111. PART A HEADINGS.

    (a) Part Heading.--The part heading for part A of title I (20 
U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

  ``PART A--IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED''.

    (b) Subpart 1 Heading.--The Act is amended by striking the subpart 
heading for subpart 1 of part A of title I (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) and 
inserting the following:

  ``Subpart 1--Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Educational 
                                Agencies

               ``CHAPTER A--BASIC PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS''.

    (c) Subpart 2 Heading.--The Act is amended by striking the subpart 
heading for subpart 2 of part A of title I (20 U.S.C. 6331 et seq.) and 
inserting the following:

                      ``CHAPTER B--ALLOCATIONS''.

SEC. 112. STATE PLANS.

    Section 1111 (20 U.S.C. 6311) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1111. STATE PLANS.

    ``(a) Plans Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--For any State desiring to receive a 
        grant under this subpart, the State educational agency shall 
        submit to the Secretary a plan, developed by the State 
        educational agency, in consultation with local educational 
        agencies, teachers, school leaders, public charter school 
        representatives, specialized instructional support personnel, 
        other appropriate school personnel, parents, private sector 
        employers, and entrepreneurs, that satisfies the requirements 
        of this section and that is coordinated with other programs 
        under this Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
        Act, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 
        2006, the Head Start Act, the Adult Education and Family 
        Literacy Act, and the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.
            ``(2) Consolidated plan.--A State plan submitted under 
        paragraph (1) may be submitted as part of a consolidated plan 
        under section 5302.
    ``(b) Academic Standards, Academic Assessments, and State 
Accountability.--
            ``(1) Academic standards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                demonstrate that the State has adopted academic content 
                standards and academic achievement standards aligned 
                with such content standards that comply with the 
                requirements of this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Subjects.--The State shall have such academic 
                standards for mathematics, reading or language arts, 
                and science, and may have such standards for any other 
                subject determined by the State.
                    ``(C) Requirements.--The standards described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) apply to all public schools and 
                        public school students in the State; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to academic achievement 
                        standards, include the same knowledge, skills, 
                        and levels of achievement expected of all 
                        public school students in the State.
                    ``(D) Alternate academic achievement standards.--
                Notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph, 
                a State may, through a documented and validated 
                standards-setting process, adopt alternate academic 
                achievement standards for students with the most 
                significant cognitive disabilities, if--
                            ``(i) the determination about whether the 
                        achievement of an individual student should be 
                        measured against such standards is made 
                        separately for each student; and
                            ``(ii) such standards--
                                    ``(I) are aligned with the State 
                                academic standards required under 
                                subparagraph (A);
                                    ``(II) promote access to the 
                                general curriculum; and
                                    ``(III) reflect professional 
                                judgment as to the highest possible 
                                standards achievable by such students.
                    ``(E) English language proficiency standards.--Each 
                State plan shall describe how the State educational 
                agency will establish English language proficiency 
                standards that are--
                            ``(i) derived from the four recognized 
                        domains of speaking, listening, reading, and 
                        writing; and
                            ``(ii) aligned with the State's academic 
                        content standards in reading or language arts 
                        under subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) Academic assessments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                demonstrate that the State educational agency, in 
                consultation with local educational agencies, has 
                implemented a set of high-quality student academic 
                assessments in mathematics, reading or language arts, 
                and science. At the State's discretion, the State plan 
                may also demonstrate that the State has implemented 
                such assessments in any other subject chosen by the 
                State.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--Such assessments shall--
                            ``(i) in the case of mathematics and 
                        reading or language arts, be used in 
                        determining the performance of each local 
                        educational agency and public school in the 
                        State in accordance with the State's 
                        accountability system under paragraph (3);
                            ``(ii) be the same academic assessments 
                        used to measure the academic achievement of all 
                        public school students in the State;
                            ``(iii) be aligned with the State's 
                        academic standards and provide coherent and 
                        timely information about student attainment of 
                        such standards;
                            ``(iv) be used for purposes for which such 
                        assessments are valid and reliable, be of 
                        adequate technical quality for each purpose 
                        required under this Act, and be consistent with 
                        relevant, nationally recognized professional 
                        and technical standards;
                            ``(v)(I) in the case of mathematics and 
                        reading or language arts, be administered in 
                        each of grades 3 through 8 and at least once in 
                        grades 9 through 12;
                            ``(II) in the case of science, be 
                        administered not less than one time during--
                                    ``(aa) grades 3 through 5;
                                    ``(bb) grades 6 through 9; and
                                    ``(cc) grades 10 through 12; and
                            ``(III) in the case of any other subject 
                        chosen by the State, be administered at the 
                        discretion of the State;
                            ``(vi) measure individual student academic 
                        proficiency and, at the State's discretion, 
                        growth;
                            ``(vii) at the State's discretion--
                                    ``(I) be administered through a 
                                single annual summative assessment; or
                                    ``(II) be administered through 
                                multiple assessments during the course 
                                of the academic year that result in a 
                                single summative score that provides 
                                valid, reliable, and transparent 
                                information on student achievement;
                            ``(viii) include measures that assess 
                        higher-order thinking skills and understanding;
                            ``(ix) provide for--
                                    ``(I) the participation in such 
                                assessments of all students;
                                    ``(II) the reasonable adaptations 
                                and accommodations for students with 
                                disabilities necessary to measure the 
                                academic achievement of such students 
                                relative to the State's academic 
                                standards; and
                                    ``(III) the inclusion of English 
                                learners, who shall be assessed in a 
                                valid and reliable manner and provided 
                                reasonable accommodations, including, 
                                to the extent practicable, assessments 
                                in the language and form most likely to 
                                yield accurate and reliable information 
                                on what such students know and can do 
                                in academic content areas, until such 
                                students have achieved English language 
                                proficiency, as assessed by the State 
                                under subparagraph (D);
                            ``(x) notwithstanding clause (ix)(III), 
                        provide for the assessment of reading or 
                        language arts in English for English learners 
                        who have attended school in the United States 
                        (not including Puerto Rico) for 3 or more 
                        consecutive school years, except that a local 
                        educational agency may, on a case-by-case 
                        basis, provide for the assessment of reading or 
                        language arts for each such student in a 
                        language other than English for a period not to 
                        exceed 2 additional consecutive years if the 
                        assessment would be more likely to yield 
                        accurate and reliable information on what such 
                        student knows and can do, provided that such 
                        student has not yet reached a level of English 
                        language proficiency sufficient to yield valid 
                        and reliable information on what such student 
                        knows and can do on reading or language arts 
                        assessments written in English;
                            ``(xi) produce individual student 
                        interpretive, descriptive, and diagnostic 
                        reports regarding achievement on such 
                        assessments that allow parents, teachers, and 
                        school leaders to understand and address the 
                        specific academic needs of students, and that 
                        are provided to parents, teachers, and school 
                        leaders, as soon as is practicable after the 
                        assessment is given, in an understandable and 
                        uniform format, and to the extent practicable, 
                        in a language that parents can understand;
                            ``(xii) enable results to be disaggregated 
                        within each State, local educational agency, 
                        and school by gender, by each major racial and 
                        ethnic group, by English language proficiency 
                        status, by migrant status, by status as a 
                        student with a disability, and by economically 
                        disadvantaged status, except that, in the case 
                        of a local educational agency or a school, such 
                        disaggregation shall not be required in a case 
                        in which the number of students in a category 
                        is insufficient to yield statistically reliable 
                        information or the results would reveal 
                        personally identifiable information about an 
                        individual student;
                            ``(xiii) be administered to not less than 
                        95 percent of all students, and not less than 
                        95 percent of each subgroup of students 
                        described in paragraph (3)(B)(ii)(II); and
                            ``(xiv) where practicable, be developed 
                        using the principles of universal design for 
                        learning as defined in section 103(24) of the 
                        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
                        1003(24)).
                    ``(C) Alternate assessments.--A State may provide 
                for alternate assessments aligned with the alternate 
                academic standards adopted in accordance with paragraph 
                (1)(D), for students with the most significant 
                cognitive disabilities, if the State--
                            ``(i) establishes and monitors 
                        implementation of clear and appropriate 
                        guidelines for individualized education program 
                        teams (as defined in section 614(d)(1)(B) of 
                        the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act) to apply when determining when a child's 
                        significant cognitive disability justifies 
                        assessment based on alternate achievement 
                        standards;
                            ``(ii) ensures that the parents of such 
                        students are informed that--
                                    ``(I) their child's academic 
                                achievement will be measured against 
                                such alternate standards; and
                                    ``(II) whether participation in 
                                such assessments precludes the student 
                                from completing the requirements for a 
                                regular high school diploma;
                            ``(iii) demonstrates that such students 
                        are, to the extent practicable, included in the 
                        general curriculum and that such alternate 
                        assessments are aligned with such curriculum;
                            ``(iv) develops, disseminates information 
                        about, and promotes the use of appropriate 
                        accommodations to increase the number of 
                        students with disabilities who are tested 
                        against academic achievement standards for the 
                        grade in which a student is enrolled; and
                            ``(v) ensures that regular and special 
                        education teachers and other appropriate staff 
                        know how to administer the alternate 
                        assessments, including making appropriate use 
                        of accommodations for students with 
                        disabilities.
                    ``(D) Assessments of english language 
                proficiency.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                        demonstrate that local educational agencies in 
                        the State will provide for an annual assessment 
                        of English proficiency of all English learners 
                        in the schools served by the State educational 
                        agency.
                            ``(ii) Alignment.--The assessments 
                        described in clause (i) shall be aligned with 
                        the State's English language proficiency 
                        standards described in paragraph (1)(E).
                    ``(E) Language assessments.--Each State plan shall 
                identify the languages other than English that are 
                present in the participating student population and 
                indicate the languages for which yearly student 
                academic assessments are not available and are needed. 
                The State shall make every effort to develop such 
                assessments and may request assistance from the 
                Secretary if linguistically accessible academic 
                assessment measures are needed. Upon request, the 
                Secretary shall assist with the identification of 
                appropriate academic assessment measures in the needed 
                languages, but shall not mandate a specific academic 
                assessment or mode of instruction.
                    ``(F) Adaptive assessments.--A State may develop 
                and administer computer adaptive assessments as the 
                assessments required under subparagraph (A). If a State 
                develops and administers a computer adaptive assessment 
                for such purposes, the assessment shall meet the 
                requirements of this paragraph, except as follows:
                            ``(i) Notwithstanding subparagraph 
                        (B)(iii), the assessment--
                                    ``(I) shall measure, at a minimum, 
                                each student's academic proficiency 
                                against the State's academic standards 
                                for the student's grade level and 
                                growth toward such standards; and
                                    ``(II) if the State chooses, may be 
                                used to measure the student's level of 
                                academic proficiency and growth using 
                                assessment items above or below the 
                                student's grade level, including for 
                                use as part of a State's accountability 
                                system under paragraph (3).
                            ``(ii) Subparagraph (B)(ii) shall not be 
                        interpreted to require that all students taking 
                        the computer adaptive assessment be 
                        administered the same assessment items.
            ``(3) State accountability systems.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                demonstrate that the State has developed and is 
                implementing a single, statewide accountability system 
                to ensure that all public school students graduate from 
                high school prepared for postsecondary education or the 
                workforce without the need for remediation.
                    ``(B) Elements.--Each State accountability system 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall at a minimum--
                            ``(i) annually measure the academic 
                        achievement of all public school students in 
                        the State against the State's mathematics and 
                        reading or language arts academic standards 
                        adopted under paragraph (1), which may include 
                        measures of student growth toward such 
                        standards, using the mathematics and reading or 
                        language arts assessments described in 
                        paragraph (2)(B) and other valid and reliable 
                        academic indicators related to student 
                        achievement as identified by the State;
                            ``(ii) annually evaluate and identify the 
                        academic performance of each public school in 
                        the State based on--
                                    ``(I) student academic achievement 
                                as measured in accordance with clause 
                                (i);
                                    ``(II) the overall performance, and 
                                achievement gaps as compared to all 
                                students in the school, for 
                                economically disadvantaged students, 
                                students from major racial and ethnic 
                                groups, students with disabilities, and 
                                English learners, except that 
                                disaggregation of data under this 
                                subclause shall not be required in a 
                                case in which the number of students in 
                                a category is insufficient to yield 
                                statistically reliable information or 
                                the results would reveal personally 
                                identifiable information about an 
                                individual student; and
                                    ``(III) other measures of school 
                                success; and
                            ``(iii) include a system for school 
                        improvement for low-performing public schools 
                        receiving funds under this subpart that--
                                    ``(I) implements interventions in 
                                such schools that are designed to 
                                address such schools' weaknesses; and
                                    ``(II) is implemented by local 
                                educational agencies serving such 
                                schools.
                    ``(C) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall 
                be construed to permit the Secretary to establish any 
                criteria that specifies, defines, or prescribes any 
                aspect of a State's accountability system developed and 
                implemented in accordance with this paragraph.
                    ``(D) Accountability for charter schools.--The 
                accountability provisions under this Act shall be 
                overseen for charter schools in accordance with State 
                charter school law.
            ``(4) Requirements.--Each State plan shall describe--
                    ``(A) how the State educational agency will assist 
                each local educational agency and each public school 
                affected by the State plan to comply with the 
                requirements of this subpart, including how the State 
                educational agency will work with local educational 
                agencies to provide technical assistance; and
                    ``(B) how the State educational agency will ensure 
                that the results of the State assessments described in 
                paragraph (2), the other indicators selected by the 
                State under paragraph (3)(B)(i), and the school 
                evaluations described in paragraph (3)(B)(ii), will be 
                promptly provided to local educational agencies, 
                schools, teachers, and parents in a manner that is 
                clear and easy to understand, but not later than before 
                the beginning of the school year following the school 
                year in which such assessments, other indicators, or 
                evaluations are taken or completed.
            ``(5) Timeline for implementation.--Each State plan shall 
        describe the process by which the State will adopt and 
        implement the State academic standards, assessments, and 
        accountability system required under this section within 2 
        years of enactment of the Student Success Act.
            ``(6) Existing standards.--Nothing in this subpart shall 
        prohibit a State from revising, consistent with this section, 
        any standard adopted under this section before or after the 
        date of enactment of the Student Success Act.
            ``(7) Existing state law.--Nothing in this section shall be 
        construed to alter any State law or regulation granting parents 
        authority over schools that repeatedly failed to make adequate 
        yearly progress under this section, as in effect on the day 
        before the date of the enactment of the Student Success Act.
    ``(c) Other Provisions To Support Teaching and Learning.--Each 
State plan shall contain assurances that--
            ``(1) the State will notify local educational agencies, 
        schools, teachers, parents, and the public of the academic 
        standards, academic assessments, and State accountability 
        system developed and implemented under this section;
            ``(2) the State will participate in biennial State academic 
        assessments of 4th and 8th grade reading and mathematics under 
        the National Assessment of Educational Progress carried out 
        under section 303(b)(2) of the National Assessment of 
        Educational Progress Authorization Act if the Secretary pays 
        the costs of administering such assessments;
            ``(3) the State educational agency will notify local 
        educational agencies and the public of the authority to operate 
        schoolwide programs;
            ``(4) the State educational agency will provide the least 
        restrictive and burdensome regulations for local educational 
        agencies and individual schools participating in a program 
        assisted under this subpart;
            ``(5) the State educational agency will encourage schools 
        to consolidate funds from other Federal, State, and local 
        sources for schoolwide reform in schoolwide programs under 
        section 1114;
            ``(6) the State educational agency will modify or eliminate 
        State fiscal and accounting barriers so that schools can easily 
        consolidate funds from other Federal, State, and local sources 
        for schoolwide programs under section 1114; and
            ``(7) the State educational agency will inform local 
        educational agencies in the State of the local educational 
        agency's authority to transfer funds under section 1002 and to 
        obtain waivers under section 5401.
    ``(d) Parental Involvement.--Each State plan shall describe how the 
State educational agency will support the collection and dissemination 
to local educational agencies and schools of effective parental 
involvement practices. Such practices shall--
            ``(1) be based on the most current research that meets the 
        highest professional and technical standards on effective 
        parental involvement that fosters achievement to high standards 
        for all children;
            ``(2) be geared toward lowering barriers to greater 
        participation by parents in school planning, review, and 
        improvement; and
            ``(3) be coordinated with programs funded under subpart 3 
        of part A of title III.
    ``(e) Peer Review and Secretarial Approval.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--Notwithstanding section 5543, the 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) establish a peer-review process to assist in 
                the review of State plans; and
                    ``(B) appoint individuals to the peer-review 
                process who are representative of parents, teachers, 
                State educational agencies, local educational agencies, 
                and private sector employers (including representatives 
                of entrepreneurial ventures), and who are familiar with 
                educational standards, assessments, accountability, the 
                needs of low-performing schools, and other educational 
                needs of students, and ensure that 65 percent of such 
                appointees are practitioners and 10 percent are 
                representatives of private sector employers.
            ``(2) Approval.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) approve a State plan within 120 days of its 
                submission;
                    ``(B) disapprove of the State plan only if the 
                Secretary demonstrates how the State plan fails to meet 
                the requirements of this section and immediately 
                notifies the State of such determination and the 
                reasons for such determination;
                    ``(C) not decline to approve a State's plan 
                before--
                            ``(i) offering the State an opportunity to 
                        revise its plan;
                            ``(ii) providing technical assistance in 
                        order to assist the State to meet the 
                        requirements of this section; and
                            ``(iii) providing a hearing; and
                    ``(D) have the authority to disapprove a State plan 
                for not meeting the requirements of this subpart, but 
                shall not have the authority to require a State, as a 
                condition of approval of the State plan, to include in, 
                or delete from, such plan one or more specific elements 
                of the State's academic standards or State 
                accountability system, or to use specific academic 
                assessments or other indicators.
            ``(3) State revisions.--A State plan shall be revised by 
        the State educational agency if it is necessary to satisfy the 
        requirements of this section.
            ``(4) Public review.--All communications, feedback, and 
        notifications under this subsection shall be conducted in a 
        manner that is immediately made available to the public through 
        the website of the Department, including--
                    ``(A) peer review guidance;
                    ``(B) the names of the peer reviewers;
                    ``(C) State plans submitted or resubmitted by a 
                State, including the current approved plans;
                    ``(D) peer review notes;
                    ``(E) State plan determinations by the Secretary, 
                including approvals or disapprovals, and any deviations 
                from the peer reviewers' recommendations with an 
                explanation of the deviation; and
                    ``(F) hearings.
            ``(5) Prohibition.--The Secretary, and the Secretary's 
        staff, may not attempt to participate in, or influence, the 
        peer review process. No Federal employee may participate in, or 
        attempt to influence the peer review process, except to respond 
        to questions of a technical nature, which shall be publicly 
        reported.
    ``(f) Duration of the Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State plan shall--
                    ``(A) remain in effect for the duration of the 
                State's participation under this subpart; and
                    ``(B) be periodically reviewed and revised as 
                necessary by the State educational agency to reflect 
                changes in the State's strategies and programs under 
                this subpart.
            ``(2) Additional information.--If a State makes significant 
        changes to its State plan, such as the adoption of new State 
        academic standards or new academic assessments, or adopts a new 
        State accountability system, such information shall be 
        submitted to the Secretary under subsection (e)(2) for 
        approval.
    ``(g) Failure To Meet Requirements.--If a State fails to meet any 
of the requirements of this section then the Secretary shall withhold 
funds for State administration under this subpart until the Secretary 
determines that the State has fulfilled those requirements.
    ``(h) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual state report card.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives assistance 
                under this subpart shall prepare and disseminate an 
                annual State report card. Such dissemination shall 
                include, at a minimum, publicly posting the report card 
                on the home page of the State educational agency's 
                website.
                    ``(B) Implementation.--The State report card shall 
                be--
                            ``(i) concise; and
                            ``(ii) presented in an understandable and 
                        uniform format that is developed in 
                        consultation with parents and, to the extent 
                        practicable, provided in a language that 
                        parents can understand.
                    ``(C) Required information.--The State shall 
                include in its annual State report card information 
                on--
                            ``(i) the performance of students, in the 
                        aggregate and disaggregated by the categories 
                        of students described in subsection 
                        (b)(2)(B)(xii) (except that such disaggregation 
                        shall not be required in a case in which the 
                        number of students in a category is 
                        insufficient to yield statistically reliable 
                        information or the results would reveal 
                        personally identifiable information about an 
                        individual student), on the State academic 
                        assessments described in subsection (b)(2);
                            ``(ii) the participation rate on such 
                        assessments, in the aggregate and disaggregated 
                        in accordance with clause (i);
                            ``(iii) the performance of students, in the 
                        aggregate and disaggregated in accordance with 
                        clause (i), on other academic indicators 
                        described in subsection (b)(3)(B)(i);
                            ``(iv) for each public high school in the 
                        State, in the aggregate and disaggregated in 
                        accordance with clause (i)--
                                    ``(I) the four-year adjusted cohort 
                                graduation rate, and
                                    ``(II) if applicable, the extended-
                                year adjusted cohort graduation rate, 
                                reported separately for students 
                                graduating in 5 years or less, students 
                                graduating in 6 years or less, and 
                                students graduating in 7 or more years;
                            ``(v) each public school's evaluation 
                        results as determined in accordance with 
                        subsection (b)(3)(B)(ii);
                            ``(vi) the acquisition of English 
                        proficiency by English learners;
                            ``(vii) the number and percentage of 
                        teachers in each category established under 
                        clause (iii) of section 2123(1)(A), except that 
                        such information shall not reveal personally 
                        identifiable information about an individual 
                        teacher; and
                            ``(viii) the results of the assessments 
                        described in subsection (c)(2).
                    ``(D) Optional information.--The State may include 
                in its annual State report card such other information 
                as the State believes will best provide parents, 
                students, and other members of the public with 
                information regarding the progress of each of the 
                State's public elementary schools and public secondary 
                schools, such as the number of students enrolled in 
                each public secondary school in the State attaining 
                career and technical proficiencies, as defined in 
                section 113(b)(2)(A) of the Carl D. Perkins Career and 
                Technical Education Act of 2006, and reported by the 
                State in a manner consistent with section 113(c) of 
                such Act.
            ``(2) Annual local educational agency report cards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational agency that 
                receives assistance under this subpart shall prepare 
                and disseminate an annual local educational agency 
                report card.
                    ``(B) Minimum requirements.--The State educational 
                agency shall ensure that each local educational agency 
                collects appropriate data and includes in the local 
                educational agency's annual report the information 
                described in paragraph (1)(C) as applied to the local 
                educational agency and each school served by the local 
                educational agency, and--
                            ``(i) in the case of a local educational 
                        agency, information that shows how students 
                        served by the local educational agency achieved 
                        on the statewide academic assessment and other 
                        academic indicators adopted in accordance with 
                        subsection (b)(3)(B)(i) compared to students in 
                        the State as a whole; and
                            ``(ii) in the case of a school, the 
                        school's evaluation under subsection 
                        (b)(3)(B)(ii).
                    ``(C) Other information.--A local educational 
                agency may include in its annual local educational 
                agency report card any other appropriate information, 
                whether or not such information is included in the 
                annual State report card.
                    ``(D) Data.--A local educational agency or school 
                shall only include in its annual local educational 
                agency report card data that are sufficient to yield 
                statistically reliable information, as determined by 
                the State, and that do not reveal personally 
                identifiable information about an individual student.
                    ``(E) Public dissemination.--The local educational 
                agency shall publicly disseminate the information 
                described in this paragraph to all schools served by 
                the local educational agency and to all parents of 
                students attending those schools in an understandable 
                and uniform format, and, to the extent practicable, in 
                a language that parents can understand, and make the 
                information widely available through public means, such 
                as posting on the Internet, distribution to the media, 
                and distribution through public agencies, except that 
                if a local educational agency issues a report card for 
                all students, the local educational agency may include 
                the information under this section as part of such 
                report.
            ``(3) Preexisting report cards.--A State educational agency 
        or local educational agency may use public report cards on the 
        performance of students, schools, local educational agencies, 
        or the State, that were in effect prior to the enactment of the 
        Student Success Act for the purpose of this subsection, so long 
        as any such report card is modified, as may be needed, to 
        contain the information required by this subsection.
            ``(4) Parents right-to-know.--
                    ``(A) Achievement information.--At the beginning of 
                each school year, a school that receives funds under 
                this subpart shall provide to each individual parent 
                information on the level of achievement of the parent's 
                child in each of the State academic assessments and 
                other academic indicators adopted in accordance with 
                this subpart.
                    ``(B) Format.--The notice and information provided 
                to parents under this paragraph shall be in an 
                understandable and uniform format and, to the extent 
                practicable, provided in a language that the parents 
                can understand.
    ``(i) Privacy.--Information collected under this section shall be 
collected and disseminated in a manner that protects the privacy of 
individuals consistent with section 444 of the General Education 
Provisions Act.
    ``(j) Voluntary Partnerships.--A State may enter into a voluntary 
partnership with another State to develop and implement the academic 
standards and assessments required under this section, except that the 
Secretary shall not, either directly or indirectly, attempt to 
influence, incentivize, or coerce State--
            ``(1) adoption of the Common Core State Standards developed 
        under the Common Core State Standards Initiative, any other 
        academic standards common to a significant number of States, or 
        assessments tied to such standards; or
            ``(2) participation in any such partnerships.
    ``(k) Construction.--Nothing in this part shall be construed to 
prescribe the use of the academic assessments described in this part 
for student promotion or graduation purposes.
    ``(l) Special Rule With Respect To Bureau-Funded Schools.--In 
determining the assessments to be used by each school operated or 
funded by the Bureau of Indian Education receiving funds under this 
subpart, the following shall apply:
            ``(1) Each such school that is accredited by the State in 
        which it is operating shall use the assessments and other 
        academic indicators the State has developed and implemented to 
        meet the requirements of this section, or such other 
        appropriate assessment and academic indicators as approved by 
        the Secretary of the Interior.
            ``(2) Each such school that is accredited by a regional 
        accrediting organization shall adopt an appropriate assessment 
        and other academic indicators, in consultation with and with 
        the approval of, the Secretary of the Interior and consistent 
        with assessments and academic indicators adopted by other 
        schools in the same State or region, that meet the requirements 
        of this section.
            ``(3) Each such school that is accredited by a tribal 
        accrediting agency or tribal division of education shall use an 
        assessment and other academic indicators developed by such 
        agency or division, except that the Secretary of the Interior 
        shall ensure that such assessment and academic indicators meet 
        the requirements of this section.''.

SEC. 113. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PLANS.

    Section 1112 (20 U.S.C. 6312) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1112. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PLANS.

    ``(a) Plans Required.--
            ``(1) Subgrants.--A local educational agency may receive a 
        subgrant under this subpart for any fiscal year only if such 
        agency has on file with the State educational agency a plan, 
        approved by the State educational agency, that is coordinated 
        with other programs under this Act, the Individuals with 
        Disabilities Education Act, the Carl D. Perkins Career and 
        Technical Education Act of 2006, the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
        Assistance Act, and other Acts, as appropriate.
            ``(2) Consolidated application.--The plan may be submitted 
        as part of a consolidated application under section 5305.
    ``(b) Plan Provisions.--Each local educational agency plan shall 
describe--
            ``(1) how the local educational agency will monitor, in 
        addition to the State assessments described in section 
        1111(b)(2), students' progress in meeting the State's academic 
        standards;
            ``(2) how the local educational agency will identify 
        quickly and effectively those students who may be at risk of 
        failing to meet the State's academic standards;
            ``(3) how the local educational agency will provide 
        additional educational assistance to individual students in 
        need of additional help in meeting the State's academic 
        standards;
            ``(4) how the local educational agency will implement the 
        school improvement system described in section 
        1111(b)(3)(B)(iii) for any of the agency's schools identified 
        under such section;
            ``(5) how the local educational agency will coordinate 
        programs under this subpart with other programs under this Act 
        and other Acts, as appropriate;
            ``(6) the poverty criteria that will be used to select 
        school attendance areas under section 1113;
            ``(7) how teachers, in consultation with parents, 
        administrators, and specialized instructional support 
        personnel, in targeted assistance schools under section 1115, 
        will identify the eligible children most in need of services 
        under this subpart;
            ``(8) in general, the nature of the programs to be 
        conducted by the local educational agency's schools under 
        sections 1114 and 1115, and, where appropriate, educational 
        services outside such schools for children living in local 
        institutions for neglected and delinquent children, and for 
        neglected and delinquent children in community day school 
        programs;
            ``(9) how the local educational agency will ensure that 
        migratory children who are eligible to receive services under 
        this subpart are selected to receive such services on the same 
        basis as other children who are selected to receive services 
        under this subpart;
            ``(10) the services the local educational agency will 
        provide homeless children, including services provided with 
        funds reserved under section 1113(c)(3)(A);
            ``(11) the strategy the local educational agency will use 
        to implement effective parental involvement under section 1118;
            ``(12) if appropriate, how the local educational agency 
        will use funds under this subpart to support preschool programs 
        for children, particularly children participating in a Head 
        Start program, which services may be provided directly by the 
        local educational agency or through a subcontract with the 
        local Head Start agency designated by the Secretary of Health 
        and Human Services under section 641 of the Head Start Act, or 
        another comparable early childhood development program;
            ``(13) how the local educational agency, through incentives 
        for voluntary transfers, the provision of professional 
        development, recruitment programs, incentive pay, performance 
        pay, or other effective strategies, will address disparities in 
        the rates of low-income and minority students and other 
        students being taught by ineffective teachers;
            ``(14) if appropriate, how the local educational agency 
        will use funds under this subpart to support programs that 
        coordinate and integrate--
                    ``(A) career and technical education aligned with 
                State technical standards that promote skills 
                attainment important to in-demand occupations or 
                industries in the State and the State's academic 
                standards under section 1111(b)(1); and
                    ``(B) work-based learning opportunities that 
                provide students in-depth interaction with industry 
                professionals; and
            ``(15) if appropriate, how the local educational agency 
        will use funds under this subpart to support dual enrollment 
        programs, early college high schools, and Advanced Placement or 
        International Baccalaureate programs.
    ``(c) Assurances.--Each local educational agency plan shall provide 
assurances that the local educational agency will--
            ``(1) participate, if selected, in biennial State academic 
        assessments of 4th and 8th grade reading and mathematics under 
        the National Assessment of Educational Progress carried out 
        under section 303(b)(2) of the National Assessment of 
        Educational Progress Authorization Act;
            ``(2) inform schools of schoolwide program authority and 
        the ability to consolidate funds from Federal, State, and local 
        sources;
            ``(3) provide technical assistance to schoolwide programs;
            ``(4) provide services to eligible children attending 
        private elementary and secondary schools in accordance with 
        section 1120, and timely and meaningful consultation with 
        private school officials or representatives regarding such 
        services;
            ``(5) in the case of a local educational agency that 
        chooses to use funds under this subpart to provide early 
        childhood development services to low-income children below the 
        age of compulsory school attendance, ensure that such services 
        comply with the performance standards established under section 
        641A(a) of the Head Start Act;
            ``(6) inform eligible schools of the local educational 
        agency's authority to request waivers on the school's behalf 
        under Title V; and
            ``(7) ensure that the results of the academic assessments 
        required under section 1111(b)(2) will be provided to parents 
        and teachers as soon as is practicably possible after the test 
        is taken, in an understandable and uniform format and, to the 
        extent practicable, provided in a language that the parents can 
        understand.
    ``(d) Special Rule.--In carrying out subsection (c)(5), the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) consult with the Secretary of Health and Human 
        Services and shall establish procedures (taking into 
        consideration existing State and local laws, and local teacher 
        contracts) to assist local educational agencies to comply with 
        such subparagraph; and
            ``(2) disseminate to local educational agencies the 
        education performance standards in effect under section 
        641A(a)(1)(B) of the Head Start Act, and such agencies affected 
        by such subsection shall plan for the implementation of such 
        subsection (taking into consideration existing State and local 
        laws, and local teacher contracts).
    ``(e) Plan Development and Duration.--
            ``(1) Consultation.--Each local educational agency plan 
        shall be developed in consultation with teachers, school 
        leaders, public charter school representatives, administrators, 
        and other appropriate school personnel, and with parents of 
        children in schools served under this subpart.
            ``(2) Duration.--Each such plan shall be submitted for the 
        first year for which this part is in effect following the date 
        of enactment of this Act and shall remain in effect for the 
        duration of the agency's participation under this subpart.
            ``(3) Review.--Each local educational agency shall 
        periodically review and, as necessary, revise its plan.
    ``(f) State Approval.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each local educational agency plan shall 
        be filed according to a schedule established by the State 
        educational agency.
            ``(2) Approval.--The State educational agency shall approve 
        a local educational agency's plan only if the State educational 
        agency determines that the local educational agency's plan--
                    ``(A) enables schools served under this subpart to 
                substantially help children served under this subpart 
                to meet the State's academic standards described in 
                section 1111(b)(1); and
                    ``(B) meets the requirements of this section.
            ``(3) Review.--The State educational agency shall review 
        the local educational agency's plan to determine if such 
        agency's activities are in accordance with section 1118.
    ``(g) Parental Notification.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each local educational agency using 
        funds under this subpart and subpart 4 to provide a language 
        instruction educational program shall, not later than 30 days 
        after the beginning of the school year, inform parents of an 
        English learner identified for participation, or participating 
        in, such a program of--
                    ``(A) the reasons for the identification of their 
                child as an English learner and in need of placement in 
                a language instruction educational program;
                    ``(B) the child's level of English proficiency, how 
                such level was assessed, and the status of the child's 
                academic achievement;
                    ``(C) the methods of instruction used in the 
                program in which their child is, or will be 
                participating, and the methods of instruction used in 
                other available programs, including how such programs 
                differ in content, instructional goals, and the use of 
                English and a native language in instruction;
                    ``(D) how the program in which their child is, or 
                will be participating, will meet the educational 
                strengths and needs of their child;
                    ``(E) how such program will specifically help their 
                child learn English, and meet age-appropriate academic 
                achievement standards for grade promotion and 
                graduation;
                    ``(F) the specific exit requirements for the 
                program, including the expected rate of transition from 
                such program into classrooms that are not tailored for 
                English learners, and the expected rate of graduation 
                from high school for such program if funds under this 
                subpart are used for children in secondary schools;
                    ``(G) in the case of a child with a disability, how 
                such program meets the objectives of the individualized 
                education program of the child; and
                    ``(H) information pertaining to parental rights 
                that includes written guidance--
                            ``(i) detailing--
                                    ``(I) the right that parents have 
                                to have their child immediately removed 
                                from such program upon their request; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) the options that parents 
                                have to decline to enroll their child 
                                in such program or to choose another 
                                program or method of instruction, if 
                                available; and
                            ``(ii) assisting parents in selecting among 
                        various programs and methods of instruction, if 
                        more than one program or method is offered by 
                        the eligible entity.
            ``(2) Notice.--The notice and information provided in 
        paragraph (1) to parents of a child identified for 
        participation in a language instruction educational program for 
        English learners shall be in an understandable and uniform 
        format and, to the extent practicable, provided in a language 
        that the parents can understand.
            ``(3) Special rule applicable during the school year.--For 
        those children who have not been identified as English learners 
        prior to the beginning of the school year the local educational 
        agency shall notify parents within the first 2 weeks of the 
        child being placed in a language instruction educational 
        program consistent with paragraphs (1) and (2).
            ``(4) Parental participation.--Each local educational 
        agency receiving funds under this subpart shall implement an 
        effective means of outreach to parents of English learners to 
        inform the parents regarding how the parents can be involved in 
        the education of their children, and be active participants in 
        assisting their children to attain English proficiency, achieve 
        at high levels in core academic subjects, and meet the State's 
        academic standards expected of all students, including holding, 
        and sending notice of opportunities for, regular meetings for 
        the purpose of formulating and responding to recommendations 
        from parents of students assisted under this subpart.
            ``(5) Basis for admission or exclusion.--A student shall 
        not be admitted to, or excluded from, any federally assisted 
        education program on the basis of a surname or language-
        minority status.''.

SEC. 114. ELIGIBLE SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS.

    Section 1113 (20 U.S.C. 6313) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``part'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``subpart''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(4)--
                    (A) by striking ``subpart 2'' and inserting 
                ``chapter B''; and
                    (B) by striking ``school improvement, corrective 
                action, and restructuring under section 1116(b)'' and 
                inserting ``school improvement under section 
                1111(b)(3)(B)(iii)''.

SEC. 115. SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAMS.

    Section 1114 (20 U.S.C. 6314) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``part'' and inserting 
                        ``subpart''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``in which'' through 
                        ``such families'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking 
                        ``part'' and inserting ``subpart''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``children with 
                                limited English proficiency'' and 
                                inserting ``English learners''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``part'' and 
                                inserting ``subpart'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``maintenance 
                of effort,'' after ``private school children,''; and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (4); and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(including'' and 
                                all that follows through ``1309(2))''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``content 
                                standards and the State student 
                                academic achievement standards'' and 
                                inserting ``standards'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``proficient'' and all that follows 
                                through ``section 1111(b)(1)(D)'' and 
                                inserting ``academic standards 
                                described in section 1111(b)(1)'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii), in the matter 
                                preceding subclause (I), by striking 
                                ``based on scientifically based 
                                research'' and inserting ``evidence-
                                based'';
                                    (III) in clause (iii)--
                                            (aa) in subclause (I)--

                                                    (AA) by striking 
                                                ``student academic 
                                                achievement standards'' 
                                                and inserting 
                                                ``academic standards''; 
                                                and

                                                    (BB) by striking 
                                                ``schoolwide program,'' 
                                                and all that follows 
                                                through ``technical 
                                                education programs; 
                                                and'' and inserting 
                                                ``schoolwide programs; 
                                                and''; and

                                            (bb) in subclause (II), by 
                                        striking ``and'';
                                    (IV) in clause (iv)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``the 
                                        State and local improvement 
                                        plans'' and inserting ``school 
                                        improvement strategies''; and
                                            (bb) by striking the period 
                                        and inserting ``; and''; and
                                    (V) by adding at the end the 
                                following new clause:
                            ``(v) may be delivered by nonprofit or for-
                        profit external providers with expertise in 
                        using evidence-based or other effective 
                        strategies to improve student achievement.'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``highly qualified'' and inserting 
                        ``effective'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (D)--
                                    (I) by striking ``In accordance 
                                with section 1119 and subsection 
                                (a)(4), high-quality'' and inserting 
                                ``High-quality'';
                                    (II) by striking ``pupil services'' 
                                and inserting ``specialized 
                                instructional support services''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``student 
                                academic achievement'' and inserting 
                                ``academic'';
                            (v) in subparagraph (E), by striking 
                        ``high-quality highly qualified'' and inserting 
                        ``effective'';
                            (vi) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``, 
                        such as Head Start, Even Start, Early Reading 
                        First, or a State-run preschool program,'';
                            (vii) in subparagraph (H), by striking 
                        ``section 1111(b)(3)'' and inserting ``section 
                        1111(b)(2)'';
                            (viii) in subparagraph (I), by striking 
                        ``proficient or advanced levels of academic 
                        achievement standards'' and inserting ``State 
                        academic standards''; and
                            (ix) in subparagraph (J), by striking 
                        ``vocational'' and inserting ``career''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``first 
                                        develop'' and all that follows 
                                        through ``2001)'' and inserting 
                                        ``have in place''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``and its 
                                        school support team or other 
                                        technical assistance provider 
                                        under section 1117'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``part'' and inserting ``subpart''; and
                                    (III) in clause (iv), by striking 
                                ``section 1111(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                                ``section 1111(b)(2)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (i)--
                                            (aa) in subclause (I), by 
                                        striking ``, after considering 
                                        the recommendation of the 
                                        technical assistance providers 
                                        under section 1117,''; and
                                            (bb) in subclause (II), by 
                                        striking ``No Child Left Behind 
                                        Act of 2001'' and inserting 
                                        ``Student Success Act'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii)--
                                            (aa) by striking 
                                        ``(including administrators of 
                                        programs described in other 
                                        parts of this title)''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``pupil 
                                        services'' and inserting 
                                        ``specialized instructional 
                                        support services'';
                                    (III) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``part'' and inserting ``subpart''; and
                                    (IV) in clause (v), by striking 
                                ``Reading First, Early Reading First, 
                                Even Start,''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``part'' and inserting ``subpart''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``6,'' and all that follows through 
                the period at the end and inserting ``6.''.

SEC. 116. TARGETED ASSISTANCE SCHOOLS.

    Section 1115 (20 U.S.C. 6315) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``are ineligible for a schoolwide 
                program under section 1114, or that'';
                    (B) by striking ``operate such'' and inserting 
                ``operate''; and
                    (C) by striking ``part'' and inserting ``subpart'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``challenging 
                student academic achievement'' and inserting 
                ``academic'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``limited English 
                                proficient children'' and inserting 
                                ``English learners''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``part'' each 
                                place it appears and inserting 
                                ``subpart'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in the heading, by striking ``, 
                                even start, or early reading first'';
                                    (II) by striking ``, Even Start, or 
                                Early Reading First''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``part'' and 
                                inserting ``subpart'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by amending the heading to read 
                                as follows: ``Subpart 3 children.--'';
                                    (II) by striking ``part C'' and 
                                inserting ``subpart 3''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``part'' and 
                                inserting ``subpart'';
                            (iv) in subparagraphs (D) and (E), by 
                        striking ``part'' each place it appears and 
                        inserting ``subpart'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``part'' and 
                inserting ``subpart'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``part'' and 
                                inserting ``subpart''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``challenging 
                                student academic achievement'' and 
                                inserting ``academic'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``part'' and 
                                inserting ``subpart''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``challenging 
                                student academic achievement'' and 
                                inserting ``academic'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``part'' and inserting ``subpart'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``based on 
                                scientifically based research'' and 
                                inserting ``evidence-based''; and
                                    (II) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``part'' and inserting ``subpart'';
                            (v) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``such 
                        as Head Start, Even Start, Early Reading First 
                        or State-run preschool programs'';
                            (vi) in subparagraph (E), by striking 
                        ``highly qualified'' and inserting 
                        ``effective'';
                            (vii) in subparagraph (F)--
                                    (I) by striking ``in accordance 
                                with subsection (e)(3) and section 
                                1119,'';
                                    (II) by striking ``part'' and 
                                inserting ``subpart''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``pupil services 
                                personnel'' and inserting ``specialized 
                                instructional support personnel''; and
                            (viii) in subparagraph (H), by striking 
                        ``vocational'' and inserting ``career''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``proficient and advanced 
                        levels of achievement'' and inserting 
                        ``academic standards'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``part'' and inserting ``subpart''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``challenging student academic achievement'' 
                        and inserting ``academic'';
            (4) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``part'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``subpart'';
            (5) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                        striking ``part'' and inserting ``subpart''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``pupil 
                        services'' and inserting ``specialized 
                        instructional support services''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (6) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Delivery of Services.--The elements of a targeted assistance 
program under this section may be delivered by nonprofit or for-profit 
external providers with expertise in using evidence-based or other 
effective strategies to improve student achievement.''.

SEC. 117. ACADEMIC ASSESSMENT AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY AND SCHOOL 
              IMPROVEMENT; SCHOOL SUPPORT AND RECOGNITION.

    The Act is amended by repealing sections 1116 and 1117 (20 U.S.C. 
6316; 6317).

SEC. 118. PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT.

    Section 1118 (20 U.S.C. 6318) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``part'' each place such term appears and 
        inserting ``subpart'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``, 
                        and'' and all that follows through ``1116''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``, 
                        such as'' and all that follows through 
                        ``preschool programs''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``subpart 2 of 
                this part'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``chapter B of this subpart'';
            (3) by amending subsection (c)(4)(B) to read as follows:
                    ``(B) a description and explanation of the 
                curriculum in use at the school and the forms of 
                academic assessment used to measure student progress; 
                and'';
            (4) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``student academic 
        achievement'' and inserting ``academic'';
            (5) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``State's 
                academic content standards and State student academic 
                achievement standards'' and inserting ``State's 
                academic standards'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``pupil services 
                        personnel,'' and inserting ``specialized 
                        instructional support personnel,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``principals,'' and 
                        inserting ``school leaders,''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Head Start, 
                Reading First, Early Reading First, Even Start, the 
                Home Instruction Programs for Preschool Youngsters, the 
                Parents as Teachers Program, and public preschool and 
                other'' and inserting ``other Federal, State, and 
                local''; and
            (6) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
    ``(g) Family Engagement in Education Programs.--In a State 
operating a program under subpart 3 of part A of title III, each local 
educational agency or school that receives assistance under this 
subpart shall inform such parents and organizations of the existence of 
such programs.''.

SEC. 119. QUALIFICATIONS FOR TEACHERS AND PARAPROFESSIONALS.

    The Act is amended by repealing section 1119 (20 U.S.C. 6319).

SEC. 120. PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

    Section 1120 (20 U.S.C. 6320) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1120. PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

    ``(a) General Requirement.--
            ``(1) In general.--To the extent consistent with the number 
        of eligible children identified under section 1115(b) in the 
        school district served by a local educational agency who are 
        enrolled in private elementary schools and secondary schools, a 
        local educational agency shall--
                    ``(A) after timely and meaningful consultation with 
                appropriate private school officials or 
                representatives, provide such service, on an equitable 
                basis and individually or in combination, as requested 
                by the officials or representatives to best meet the 
                needs of such children, special educational services, 
                instructional services, counseling, mentoring, one-on-
                one tutoring, or other benefits under this subpart 
                (such as dual enrollment, educational radio and 
                television, computer equipment and materials, other 
                technology, and mobile educational services and 
                equipment) that address their needs; and
                    ``(B) ensure that teachers and families of the 
                children participate, on an equitable basis, in 
                services and activities developed pursuant to this 
                subpart.
            ``(2) Secular, neutral, nonideological.--Such educational 
        services or other benefits, including materials and equipment, 
        shall be secular, neutral, and nonideological.
            ``(3) Equity.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Educational services and other 
                benefits for such private school children shall be 
                equitable in comparison to services and other benefits 
                for public school children participating under this 
                subpart, and shall be provided in a timely manner.
                    ``(B) Ombudsman.--To help ensure such equity for 
                such private school children, teachers, and other 
                educational personnel, the State educational agency 
                involved shall designate an ombudsman to monitor and 
                enforce the requirements of this subpart.
            ``(4) Expenditures.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Expenditures for educational 
                services and other benefits to eligible private school 
                children shall be equal to the expenditures for 
                participating public school children, taking into 
                account the number, and educational needs, of the 
                children to be served. The share of funds shall be 
                determined based on the total allocation received by 
                the local educational agency prior to any allowable 
                expenditures authorized under this title.
                    ``(B) Obligation of funds.--Funds allocated to a 
                local educational agency for educational services and 
                other benefits to eligible private school children 
                shall--
                            ``(i) be obligated in the fiscal year for 
                        which the funds are received by the agency; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to any such funds that 
                        cannot be so obligated, be used to serve such 
                        children in the following fiscal year.
                    ``(C) Notice of allocation.--Each State educational 
                agency shall--
                            ``(i) determine, in a timely manner, the 
                        proportion of funds to be allocated to each 
                        local educational agency in the State for 
                        educational services and other benefits under 
                        this subpart to eligible private school 
                        children; and
                            ``(ii) provide notice, simultaneously, to 
                        each such local educational agency and the 
                        appropriate private school officials or their 
                        representatives in the State of such allocation 
                        of funds.
            ``(5) Provision of services.--The local educational agency 
        or, in a case described in subsection (b)(6)(C), the State 
        educational agency involved, may provide services under this 
        section directly or through contracts with public or private 
        agencies, organizations, and institutions.
    ``(b) Consultation.--
            ``(1) In general.--To ensure timely and meaningful 
        consultation, a local educational agency shall consult with 
        appropriate private school officials or representatives during 
        the design and development of such agency's programs under this 
        subpart in order to reach an agreement between the agency and 
        the officials or representatives about equitable and effective 
        programs for eligible private school children, the results of 
        which shall be transmitted to the designated ombudsmen under 
        section 1120(a)(3)(B). Such process shall include consultation 
        on issues such as--
                    ``(A) how the children's needs will be identified;
                    ``(B) what services will be offered;
                    ``(C) how, where, and by whom the services will be 
                provided;
                    ``(D) how the services will be academically 
                assessed and how the results of that assessment will be 
                used to improve those services;
                    ``(E) the size and scope of the equitable services 
                to be provided to the eligible private school children, 
                and the proportion of funds that is allocated under 
                subsection (a)(4)(A) for such services, how that 
                proportion of funds is determined under such 
                subsection, and an itemization of the costs of the 
                services to be provided;
                    ``(F) the method or sources of data that are used 
                under subsection (c) and section 1113(c)(1) to 
                determine the number of children from low-income 
                families in participating school attendance areas who 
                attend private schools;
                    ``(G) how and when the agency will make decisions 
                about the delivery of services to such children, 
                including a thorough consideration and analysis of the 
                views of the private school officials or 
                representatives on the provision of services through a 
                contract with potential third-party providers;
                    ``(H) how, if the agency disagrees with the views 
                of the private school officials or representatives on 
                the provision of services through a contract, the local 
                educational agency will provide in writing to such 
                private school officials an analysis of the reasons why 
                the local educational agency has chosen not to use a 
                contractor;
                    ``(I) whether the agency will provide services 
                under this section directly or through contracts with 
                public and private agencies, organizations, and 
                institutions;
                    ``(J) whether to provide equitable services to 
                eligible private school children--
                            ``(i) by creating a pool or pools of funds 
                        with all of the funds allocated under paragraph 
                        (4) based on all the children from low-income 
                        families who attend private schools in a 
                        participating school attendance area of the 
                        agency from which the local educational agency 
                        will provide such services to all such 
                        children; or
                            ``(ii) by providing such services to 
                        eligible children in each private school in the 
                        agency's participating school attendance area 
                        with the proportion of funds allocated under 
                        paragraph (4) based on the number of children 
                        from low-income families who attend such 
                        school; and
                    ``(K) whether to consolidate and use funds under 
                this subpart to provide schoolwide programs for a 
                private school.
            ``(2) Disagreement.--If a local educational agency 
        disagrees with the views of private school officials or 
        representatives with respect to an issue described in paragraph 
        (1), the local educational agency shall provide in writing to 
        such private school officials an analysis of the reasons why 
        the local educational agency has chosen not to adopt the course 
        of action requested by such officials.
            ``(3) Timing.--Such consultation shall include meetings of 
        agency and private school officials or representatives and 
        shall occur before the local educational agency makes any 
        decision that affects the opportunities of eligible private 
        school children to participate in programs under this subpart. 
        Such meetings shall continue throughout implementation and 
        assessment of services provided under this section.
            ``(4) Discussion.--Such consultation shall include a 
        discussion of service delivery mechanisms a local educational 
        agency can use to provide equitable services to eligible 
        private school children.
            ``(5) Documentation.--Each local educational agency shall 
        maintain in the agency's records and provide to the State 
        educational agency involved a written affirmation signed by 
        officials or representatives of each participating private 
        school that the meaningful consultation required by this 
        section has occurred. The written affirmation shall provide the 
        option for private school officials or representatives to 
        indicate that timely and meaningful consultation has not 
        occurred or that the program design is not equitable with 
        respect to eligible private school children. If such officials 
        or representatives do not provide such affirmation within a 
        reasonable period of time, the local educational agency shall 
        forward the documentation that such consultation has, or 
        attempts at such consultation have, taken place to the State 
        educational agency.
            ``(6) Compliance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A private school official shall 
                have the right to file a complaint with the State 
                educational agency that the local educational agency 
                did not engage in consultation that was meaningful and 
                timely, did not give due consideration to the views of 
                the private school official, or did not treat the 
                private school or its students equitably as required by 
                this section.
                    ``(B) Procedure.--If the private school official 
                wishes to file a complaint, the official shall provide 
                the basis of the noncompliance with this section by the 
                local educational agency to the State educational 
                agency, and the local educational agency shall forward 
                the appropriate documentation to the State educational 
                agency.
                    ``(C) State educational agencies.--A State 
                educational agency shall provide services under this 
                section directly or through contracts with public or 
                private agencies, organizations, and institutions, if--
                            ``(i) the appropriate private school 
                        officials or their representatives have--
                                    ``(I) requested that the State 
                                educational agency provide such 
                                services directly; and
                                    ``(II) demonstrated that the local 
                                educational agency involved has not met 
                                the requirements of this section; or
                            ``(ii) in a case in which--
                                    ``(I) a local educational agency 
                                has more than 10,000 children from low-
                                income families who attend private 
                                elementary schools or secondary schools 
                                in a participating school attendance 
                                area of the agency that are not being 
                                served by the agency's program under 
                                this section; or
                                    ``(II) 90 percent of the eligible 
                                private school students in a 
                                participating school attendance area of 
                                the agency are not being served by the 
                                agency's program under this section.
    ``(c) Allocation for Equitable Service to Private School 
Students.--
            ``(1) Calculation.--A local educational agency shall have 
        the final authority, consistent with this section, to calculate 
        the number of children, ages 5 through 17, who are from low-
        income families and attend private schools by--
                    ``(A) using the same measure of low income used to 
                count public school children;
                    ``(B) using the results of a survey that, to the 
                extent possible, protects the identity of families of 
                private school students, and allowing such survey 
                results to be extrapolated if complete actual data are 
                unavailable;
                    ``(C) applying the low-income percentage of each 
                participating public school attendance area, determined 
                pursuant to this section, to the number of private 
                school children who reside in that school attendance 
                area; or
                    ``(D) using an equated measure of low income 
                correlated with the measure of low income used to count 
                public school children.
            ``(2) Complaint process.--Any dispute regarding low-income 
        data for private school students shall be subject to the 
        complaint process authorized in section 5503.
    ``(d) Public Control of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--The control of funds provided under this 
        subpart, and title to materials, equipment, and property 
        purchased with such funds, shall be in a public agency, and a 
        public agency shall administer such funds, materials, 
        equipment, and property.
            ``(2) Provision of services.--
                    ``(A) Provider.--The provision of services under 
                this section shall be provided--
                            ``(i) by employees of a public agency; or
                            ``(ii) through a contract by such public 
                        agency with an individual, association, agency, 
                        or organization.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--In the provision of such 
                services, such employee, individual, association, 
                agency, or organization shall be independent of such 
                private school and of any religious organization, and 
                such employment or contract shall be under the control 
                and supervision of such public agency.
    ``(e) Standards for a Bypass.--If a local educational agency is 
prohibited by law from providing for the participation in programs on 
an equitable basis of eligible children enrolled in private elementary 
schools and secondary schools, or if the Secretary determines that a 
local educational agency has substantially failed or is unwilling to 
provide for such participation, as required by this section, the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) waive the requirements of this section for such local 
        educational agency;
            ``(2) arrange for the provision of services to such 
        children through arrangements that shall be subject to the 
        requirements of this section and sections 5503 and 5504; and
            ``(3) in making the determination under this subsection, 
        consider one or more factors, including the quality, size, 
        scope, and location of the program and the opportunity of 
        eligible children to participate.''.

SEC. 121. FISCAL REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1120A (20 U.S.C. 6321) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``part'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``subpart''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (a) and redesignating 
        subsections (b), (c), and (d) as subsections (a), (b), and (c), 
        respectively.

SEC. 122. COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1120B (20 U.S.C. 6322) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``part'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``subpart'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``such as the Early 
        Reading First program''; and
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``, such as the Early Reading First 
                program,'';
                    (B) in paragraphs (1) through (3), by striking 
                ``such as the Early Reading First program'' each place 
                it appears;
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Early Reading 
                First program staff,''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and entities 
                carrying out Early Reading First programs''.

SEC. 123. GRANTS FOR THE OUTLYING AREAS AND THE SECRETARY OF THE 
              INTERIOR.

    Section 1121 (20 U.S.C. 6331) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``appropriated for 
        payments to States for any fiscal year under section 1002(a) 
        and 1125A(f)'' and inserting ``reserved for this chapter under 
        section 1122(a)''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the No Child 
                Left Behind Act of 2001'' and inserting ``the Student 
                Success Act'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``basis,'' and all that follows through the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``basis.'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by striking 
                        ``challenging State academic content 
                        standards'' and inserting ``State academic 
                        standards''; and
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (D); and
            (3) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``part'' and 
        inserting ``subpart''.

SEC. 124. ALLOCATIONS TO STATES.

    Section 1122 (20 U.S.C. 6332) is amended--
            (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:
    ``(a) Reservation.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the amounts appropriated under 
        section 3(a)(1), the Secretary shall reserve 91.055 percent of 
        such amounts to carry out this chapter.
            ``(2) Allocation formula.--Of the amount reserved under 
        paragraph (1) for each of fiscal years 2014 to 2019 (referred 
        to in this subsection as the current fiscal year)--
                    ``(A) an amount equal to the amount made available 
                to carry out section 1124 for fiscal year 2001 shall be 
                used to carry out section 1124;
                    ``(B) an amount equal to the amount made available 
                to carry out section 1124A for fiscal year 2001 shall 
                be used to carry out section 1124A; and
                    ``(C) an amount equal to 100 percent of the amount, 
                if any, by which the total amount made available to 
                carry out this chapter for the fiscal year for which 
                the determination is made exceeds the total amount 
                available to carry out sections 1124 and 1124A for 
                fiscal year 2001 shall be used to carry out sections 
                1125 and 1125A and such amount shall be divided equally 
                between sections 1125 and 1125A.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``subpart'' and 
        inserting ``chapter'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``part'' and 
        inserting ``subpart''; and
            (4) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``subpart'' and 
        inserting ``chapter''.

SEC. 125. BASIC GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    Section 1124 (20 U.S.C. 6333) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``subpart'' and inserting ``chapter''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C)(i), by striking 
                        ``subpart'' and inserting ``chapter''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(C), by striking ``subpart'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``chapter''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``subpart 1 of 
                part D'' and inserting ``chapter A of subpart 3''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``part'' and 
                inserting ``subpart''.

SEC. 126. ADEQUACY OF FUNDING OF TARGETED GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
              AGENCIES IN FISCAL YEARS AFTER FISCAL YEAR 2001.

    Section 1125AA (20 U.S.C. 6336) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1125AA. ADEQUACY OF FUNDING OF TARGETED GRANTS TO LOCAL 
              EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES IN FISCAL YEARS AFTER FISCAL YEAR 
              2001.

    ``Pursuant to section 1122, the total amount allocated in any 
fiscal year after fiscal year 2001 for programs and activities under 
this subpart shall not exceed the amount allocated in fiscal year 2001 
for such programs and activities unless the amount available for 
targeted grants to local educational agencies under section 1125 in the 
applicable fiscal year meets the requirements of section 1122(a).''.

SEC. 127. EDUCATION FINANCE INCENTIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

    Section 1125A (20 U.S.C. 6337) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``part'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``subpart'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``appropriated 
                pursuant to subsection (f)'' and inserting ``made 
                available for any fiscal year to carry out this 
                section''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking ``total 
                appropriations'' and inserting ``the total amount 
                reserved under section 1122(a) to carry out this 
                section'';
            (3) by striking subsections (a), (e), and (f) and 
        redesignating subsections (b), (c), (d), and (g) as subsections 
        (a), (b), (c), and (d), respectively; and
            (4) in subsection (b), as redesignated, by redesignating 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs (1) and (2), 
        respectively.

SEC. 128. CARRYOVER AND WAIVER.

    Section 1127 (20 U.S.C. 6339) is amended by striking ``subpart'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``chapter''.

SEC. 129. TITLE I PORTABILITY.

    Chapter B of subpart 1 of part A of title I (20 U.S.C. 6331 et 
seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 1128. TITLE I FUNDS FOLLOW THE LOW-INCOME CHILD STATE OPTION.

    ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law and 
to the extent permitted under State law, a State educational agency may 
allocate grant funds under this chapter among the local educational 
agencies in the State based on the number of eligible children enrolled 
in the public schools served by each local educational agency.
    ``(b) Eligible Child.--
            ``(1) Definition.--In this section, the term `eligible 
        child' means a child aged 5 to 17, inclusive, from a family 
        with an income below the poverty level on the basis of the most 
        recent satisfactory data published by the Department of 
        Commerce.
            ``(2) Criteria of poverty.--In determining the families 
        with incomes below the poverty level for the purposes of this 
        section, a State educational agency shall use the criteria of 
        poverty used by the Census Bureau in compiling the most recent 
        decennial census, as the criteria have been updated by 
        increases in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, 
        published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
    ``(c) Student Enrollment in Public Schools.--
            ``(1) Identification of eligible children.--On an annual 
        basis, on a date to be determined by the State educational 
        agency, each local educational agency that receives grant 
        funding in accordance with subsection (a) shall inform the 
        State educational agency of the number of eligible children 
        enrolled in public schools served by the local educational 
        agency.
            ``(2) Allocation to local educational agencies.--Based on 
        the identification of eligible children in paragraph (1), the 
        State educational agency shall provide to a local educational 
        agency an amount equal to the sum of the amount available for 
        each eligible child in the State multiplied by the number of 
        eligible children identified by the local educational agency 
        under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Distribution to schools.--Each local educational 
        agency that receives funds under paragraph (2) shall distribute 
        such funds to the public schools served by the local 
        educational agency--
                    ``(A) based on the number of eligible children 
                enrolled in such schools; and
                    ``(B) in a manner that would, in the absence of 
                such Federal funds, supplement the funds made available 
                from non-Federal resources for the education of pupils 
                participating in programs under this subpart, and not 
                to supplant such funds.''.

       Subtitle C--Additional Aid to States and School Districts

SEC. 131. ADDITIONAL AID.

    (a) In General.--Title I (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.), as amended by 
the preceding provisions of this Act, is further amended--
            (1) by striking parts B through D and F through H; and
            (2) by inserting after subpart 1 of part A the following:

              ``Subpart 2--Education of Migratory Children

``SEC. 1131. PROGRAM PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this subpart are as follows:
            ``(1) To assist States in supporting high-quality and 
        comprehensive educational programs and services during the 
        school year, and as applicable, during summer or intercession 
        periods, that address the unique educational needs of migratory 
        children.
            ``(2) To ensure that migratory children who move among the 
        States, not be penalized in any manner by disparities among the 
        States in curriculum, graduation requirements, and State 
        academic standards.
            ``(3) To help such children succeed in school, meet the 
        State academic standards that all children are expected to 
        meet, and graduate from high school prepared for postsecondary 
        education and the workforce without the need for remediation.
            ``(4) To help such children overcome educational 
        disruption, cultural and language barriers, social isolation, 
        various health-related problems, and other factors that inhibit 
        the ability of such children to succeed in school.
            ``(5) To help such children benefit from State and local 
        systemic reforms.

``SEC. 1132. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amounts appropriated under section 
3(a)(1), the Secretary shall reserve 2.37 percent to carry out this 
subpart.
    ``(b) Grants Awarded.--From the amounts reserved under subsection 
(a) and not reserved under section 1138(c), the Secretary shall make 
allotments for the fiscal year to State educational agencies, or 
consortia of such agencies, to establish or improve, directly or 
through local operating agencies, programs of education for migratory 
children in accordance with this subpart.

``SEC. 1133. STATE ALLOCATIONS.

    ``(a) State Allocations.--Except as provided in subsection (c), 
each State (other than the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) is entitled to 
receive under this subpart an amount equal to the product of--
            ``(1) the sum of--
                    ``(A) the average number of identified eligible 
                full-time equivalent migratory children aged 3 through 
                21 residing in the State, based on data for the 
                preceding 3 years; and
                    ``(B) the number of identified eligible migratory 
                children, aged 3 through 21, who received services 
                under this subpart in summer or intersession programs 
                provided by the State during the previous year; 
                multiplied by
            ``(2) 40 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in 
        the State, except that the amount determined under this 
        paragraph shall not be less than 32 percent, nor more than 48 
        percent, of the average per-pupil expenditure in the United 
        States.
    ``(b) Hold Harmless.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2016, no State shall receive less than 90 
percent of the State's allocation under this section for the previous 
year.
    ``(c) Allocation to Puerto Rico.--For each fiscal year, the grant 
which the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be eligible to receive 
under this subpart shall be the amount determined by multiplying the 
number of children who would be counted under subsection (a)(1) if such 
subsection applied to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico by the product 
of--
            ``(1) the percentage that the average per-pupil expenditure 
        in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is of the lowest average 
        per-pupil expenditure of any of the 50 States, except that the 
        percentage calculated under this subparagraph shall not be less 
        than 85 percent; and
            ``(2) 32 percent of the average per-pupil expenditure in 
        the United States.
    ``(d) Ratable Reductions; Reallocations.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Ratable reductions.--If, after the Secretary 
                reserves funds under section 1138(c), the amount 
                appropriated to carry out this subpart for any fiscal 
                year is insufficient to pay in full the amounts for 
                which all States are eligible, the Secretary shall 
                ratably reduce each such amount.
                    ``(B) Reallocation.--If additional funds become 
                available for making such payments for any fiscal year, 
                the Secretary shall allocate such funds to States in 
                amounts that the Secretary determines will best carry 
                out the purpose of this subpart.
            ``(2) Special rule.--
                    ``(A) Further reductions.--The Secretary shall 
                further reduce the amount of any grant to a State under 
                this subpart for any fiscal year if the Secretary 
                determines, based on available information on the 
                numbers and needs of migratory children in the State 
                and the program proposed by the State to address such 
                needs, that such amount exceeds the amount required 
                under section 1134.
                    ``(B) Reallocation.--The Secretary shall reallocate 
                such excess funds to other States whose grants under 
                this subpart would otherwise be insufficient to provide 
                an appropriate level of services to migratory children, 
                in such amounts as the Secretary determines are 
                appropriate.
    ``(e) Consortium Arrangements.--
            ``(1) In general.--In the case of a State that receives a 
        grant of $1,000,000 or less under this section, the Secretary 
        shall consult with the State educational agency to determine 
        whether consortium arrangements with another State or other 
        appropriate entity would result in delivery of services in a 
        more effective and efficient manner.
            ``(2) Proposals.--Any State, regardless of the amount of 
        such State's allocation, may submit a consortium arrangement to 
        the Secretary for approval.
            ``(3) Approval.--The Secretary shall approve a consortium 
        arrangement under paragraph (1) or (2) if the proposal 
        demonstrates that the arrangement will--
                    ``(A) reduce administrative costs or program 
                function costs for State programs; and
                    ``(B) make more funds available for direct services 
                to add substantially to the educational achievement of 
                children to be served under this subpart.
    ``(f) Determining Numbers of Eligible Children.--In order to 
determine the identified number of migratory children residing in each 
State for purposes of this section, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) use the most recent information that most accurately 
        reflects the actual number of migratory children;
            ``(2) develop and implement a procedure for monitoring the 
        accuracy of such information;
            ``(3) develop and implement a procedure for more accurately 
        reflecting cost factors for different types of summer and 
        intersession program designs;
            ``(4) adjust the full-time equivalent number of migratory 
        children who reside in each State to take into account--
                    ``(A) the unique needs of those children 
                participating in evidence-based or other effective 
                special programs provided under this subpart that 
                operate during the summer and intersession periods; and
                    ``(B) the additional costs of operating such 
                programs; and
            ``(5) conduct an analysis of the options for adjusting the 
        formula so as to better direct services to migratory children, 
        including the most at-risk migratory children.
    ``(g) Nonparticipating States.--In the case of a State desiring to 
receive an allocation under this subpart for a fiscal year that did not 
receive an allocation for the previous fiscal year or that has been 
participating for less than 3 consecutive years, the Secretary shall 
calculate the State's number of identified migratory children aged 3 
through 21 for purposes of subsection (a)(1)(A) by using the most 
recent data available that identifies the migratory children residing 
in the State until data is available to calculate the 3-year average 
number of such children in accordance with such subsection.

``SEC. 1134. STATE APPLICATIONS; SERVICES.

    ``(a) Application Required.--Any State desiring to receive a grant 
under this subpart for any fiscal year shall submit an application to 
the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
require.
    ``(b) Program Information.--Each such application shall include--
            ``(1) a description of how, in planning, implementing, and 
        evaluating programs and projects assisted under this subpart, 
        the State and its local operating agencies will ensure that the 
        unique educational needs of migratory children, including 
        preschool migratory children, are identified and addressed 
        through--
                    ``(A) the full range of services that are available 
                for migratory children from appropriate local, State, 
                and Federal educational programs;
                    ``(B) joint planning among local, State, and 
                Federal educational programs serving migratory 
                children, including language instruction educational 
                programs under chapter A of subpart 4; and
                    ``(C) the integration of services available under 
                this subpart with services provided by those other 
                programs;
            ``(2) a description of the steps the State is taking to 
        provide all migratory students with the opportunity to meet the 
        same State academic standards that all children are expected to 
        meet;
            ``(3) a description of how the State will use funds 
        received under this subpart to promote interstate and 
        intrastate coordination of services for migratory children, 
        including how the State will provide for educational continuity 
        through the timely transfer of pertinent school records, 
        including information on health, when children move from one 
        school to another, whether or not such a move occurs during the 
        regular school year;
            ``(4) a description of the State's priorities for the use 
        of funds received under this subpart, and how such priorities 
        relate to the State's assessment of needs for services in the 
        State;
            ``(5) a description of how the State will determine the 
        amount of any subgrants the State will award to local operating 
        agencies, taking into account the numbers and needs of 
        migratory children, the requirements of subsection (d), and the 
        availability of funds from other Federal, State, and local 
        programs; and
            ``(6) a description of how the State will encourage 
        programs and projects assisted under this subpart to offer 
        family literacy services if the programs and projects serve a 
        substantial number of migratory children whose parents do not 
        have a regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent 
        or who have low levels of literacy.
    ``(c) Assurances.--Each such application shall also include 
assurances that--
            ``(1) funds received under this subpart will be used only--
                    ``(A) for programs and projects, including the 
                acquisition of equipment, in accordance with section 
                1136; and
                    ``(B) to coordinate such programs and projects with 
                similar programs and projects within the State and in 
                other States, as well as with other Federal programs 
                that can benefit migratory children and their families;
            ``(2) such programs and projects will be carried out in a 
        manner consistent with the objectives of section 1114, 
        subsections (b) and (d) of section 1115, subsections (b) and 
        (c) of section 1120A, and part C;
            ``(3) in the planning and operation of programs and 
        projects at both the State and local agency operating level, 
        there is consultation with parents of migratory children for 
        programs of not less than one school year in duration, and that 
        all such programs and projects are carried out--
                    ``(A) in a manner that provides for the same 
                parental involvement as is required for programs and 
                projects under section 1118, unless extraordinary 
                circumstances make such provision impractical; and
                    ``(B) in a format and language understandable to 
                the parents;
            ``(4) in planning and carrying out such programs and 
        projects, there has been, and will be, adequate provision for 
        addressing the unmet education needs of preschool migratory 
        children;
            ``(5) the effectiveness of such programs and projects will 
        be determined, where feasible, using the same approaches and 
        standards that will be used to assess the performance of 
        students, schools, and local educational agencies under subpart 
        1;
            ``(6) to the extent feasible, such programs and projects 
        will provide for--
                    ``(A) advocacy and outreach activities for 
                migratory children and their families, including 
                informing such children and families of, or helping 
                such children and families gain access to, other 
                education, health, nutrition, and social services;
                    ``(B) professional development programs, including 
                mentoring, for teachers and other program personnel;
                    ``(C) high-quality, evidence-based family literacy 
                programs;
                    ``(D) the integration of information technology 
                into educational and related programs; and
                    ``(E) programs to facilitate the transition of 
                secondary school students to postsecondary education or 
                employment without the need for remediation; and
            ``(7) the State will assist the Secretary in determining 
        the number of migratory children under paragraph (1) of section 
        1133(a).
    ``(d) Priority for Services.--In providing services with funds 
received under this subpart, each recipient of such funds shall give 
priority to migratory children who are failing, or most at risk of 
failing, to meet the State's academic standards under section 
1111(b)(1).
    ``(e) Continuation of Services.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this subpart--
            ``(1) a child who ceases to be a migratory child during a 
        school term shall be eligible for services until the end of 
        such term;
            ``(2) a child who is no longer a migratory child may 
        continue to receive services for one additional school year, 
        but only if comparable services are not available through other 
        programs; and
            ``(3) secondary school students who were eligible for 
        services in secondary school may continue to be served through 
        credit accrual programs until graduation.

``SEC. 1135. SECRETARIAL APPROVAL; PEER REVIEW.

    ``The Secretary shall approve each State application that meets the 
requirements of this subpart, and may review any such application using 
a peer review process.

``SEC. 1136. COMPREHENSIVE NEEDS ASSESSMENT AND SERVICE-DELIVERY PLAN; 
              AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Comprehensive Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives assistance 
        under this subpart shall ensure that the State and its local 
        operating agencies identify and address the unique educational 
        needs of migratory children in accordance with a comprehensive 
        State plan that--
                    ``(A) is integrated with other programs under this 
                Act or other Acts, as appropriate;
                    ``(B) may be submitted as a part of a consolidated 
                application under section 5302, if--
                            ``(i) the unique needs of migratory 
                        children are specifically addressed in the 
                        comprehensive State plan;
                            ``(ii) the comprehensive State plan is 
                        developed in collaboration with parents of 
                        migratory children; and
                            ``(iii) the comprehensive State plan is not 
                        used to supplant State efforts regarding, or 
                        administrative funding for, this subpart;
                    ``(C) provides that migratory children will have an 
                opportunity to meet the same State academic standards 
                under section 1111(b)(1) that all children are expected 
                to meet;
                    ``(D) specifies measurable program goals and 
                outcomes;
                    ``(E) encompasses the full range of services that 
                are available for migratory children from appropriate 
                local, State, and Federal educational programs;
                    ``(F) is the product of joint planning among such 
                local, State, and Federal programs, including programs 
                under subpart 1, early childhood programs, and language 
                instruction educational programs under chapter A of 
                subpart 4; and
                    ``(G) provides for the integration of services 
                available under this subpart with services provided by 
                such other programs.
            ``(2) Duration of the plan.--Each such comprehensive State 
        plan shall--
                    ``(A) remain in effect for the duration of the 
                State's participation under this subpart; and
                    ``(B) be periodically reviewed and revised by the 
                State, as necessary, to reflect changes in the State's 
                strategies and programs under this subpart.
    ``(b) Authorized Activities.--
            ``(1) Flexibility.--In implementing the comprehensive plan 
        described in subsection (a), each State educational agency, 
        where applicable through its local educational agencies, shall 
        have the flexibility to determine the activities to be provided 
        with funds made available under this subpart, except that such 
        funds first shall be used to meet the identified needs of 
        migratory children that result from their migratory lifestyle, 
        and to permit these children to participate effectively in 
        school.
            ``(2) Unaddressed needs.--Funds provided under this subpart 
        shall be used to address the needs of migratory children that 
        are not addressed by services available from other Federal or 
        non-Federal programs, except that migratory children who are 
        eligible to receive services under subpart 1 may receive those 
        services through funds provided under that subpart, or through 
        funds under this subpart that remain after the agency addresses 
        the needs described in paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Construction.--Nothing in this subpart shall be 
        construed to prohibit a local educational agency from serving 
        migratory children simultaneously with students with similar 
        educational needs in the same educational settings, where 
        appropriate.

``SEC. 1137. BYPASS.

    ``The Secretary may use all or part of any State's allocation under 
this subpart to make arrangements with any public or private agency to 
carry out the purpose of this subpart in such State if the Secretary 
determines that--
            ``(1) the State is unable or unwilling to conduct 
        educational programs for migratory children;
            ``(2) such arrangements would result in more efficient and 
        economic administration of such programs; or
            ``(3) such arrangements would add substantially to the 
        educational achievement of such children.

``SEC. 1138. COORDINATION OF MIGRATORY EDUCATION ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Improvement of Coordination.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        States, may make grants to, or enter into contracts with, State 
        educational agencies, local educational agencies, institutions 
        of higher education, and other public and private entities to 
        improve the interstate and intrastate coordination among such 
        agencies' educational programs, including through the 
        establishment or improvement of programs for credit accrual and 
        exchange, available to migratory students.
            ``(2) Duration.--Grants or contracts under this subsection 
        may be awarded for not more than 5 years.
    ``(b) Student Records.--
            ``(1) Assistance.--The Secretary shall assist States in 
        developing and maintaining an effective system for the 
        electronic transfer of student records and in determining the 
        number of migratory children in each State.
            ``(2) Information system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation 
                with the States, shall ensure the linkage of migratory 
                student record systems for the purpose of 
                electronically exchanging, among the States, health and 
                educational information regarding all migratory 
                students. The Secretary shall ensure such linkage 
                occurs in a cost-effective manner, utilizing systems 
                used by the States prior to, or developed after, the 
                date of enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall 
                determine the minimum data elements that each State 
                receiving funds under this subpart shall collect and 
                maintain. Such minimum data elements may include--
                            ``(i) immunization records and other health 
                        information;
                            ``(ii) elementary and secondary academic 
                        history (including partial credit), credit 
                        accrual, and results from State assessments 
                        required under section 1111(b)(2);
                            ``(iii) other academic information 
                        essential to ensuring that migratory children 
                        achieve to the States's academic standards; and
                            ``(iv) eligibility for services under the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
                    ``(B) The Secretary shall consult with States 
                before updating the data elements that each State 
                receiving funds under this subpart shall be required to 
                collect for purposes of electronic transfer of 
                migratory student information and the requirements that 
                States shall meet for immediate electronic access to 
                such information.
            ``(3) No cost for certain transfers.--A State educational 
        agency or local educational agency receiving assistance under 
        this subpart shall make student records available to another 
        State educational agency or local educational agency that 
        requests the records at no cost to the requesting agency, if 
        the request is made in order to meet the needs of a migratory 
        child.
            ``(4) Report to congress.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than April 30, 2014, 
                the Secretary shall report to the Committee on Health, 
                Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the 
                Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House 
                of Representatives the Secretary's findings and 
                recommendations regarding the maintenance and transfer 
                of health and educational information for migratory 
                students by the States.
                    ``(B) Required contents.--The Secretary shall 
                include in such report--
                            ``(i) a review of the progress of States in 
                        developing and linking electronic records 
                        transfer systems;
                            ``(ii) recommendations for maintaining such 
                        systems; and
                            ``(iii) recommendations for improving the 
                        continuity of services provided for migratory 
                        students.
    ``(c) Availability of Funds.--The Secretary shall reserve not more 
than $10,000,000 of the amount reserved under section 1132 to carry out 
this section for each fiscal year.
    ``(d) Data Collection.--The Secretary shall direct the National 
Center for Education Statistics to collect data on migratory children.

``SEC. 1139. DEFINITIONS.

    ``As used in this subpart:
            ``(1) Local operating agency.--The term `local operating 
        agency' means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency to which a State 
                educational agency makes a subgrant under this subpart;
                    ``(B) a public or private agency with which a State 
                educational agency or the Secretary makes an 
                arrangement to carry out a project under this subpart; 
                or
                    ``(C) a State educational agency, if the State 
                educational agency operates the State's migratory 
                education program or projects directly.
            ``(2) Migratory child.--The term `migratory child' means a 
        child who is, or whose parent or spouse is, a migratory 
        agricultural worker, including a migratory dairy worker, or a 
        migratory fisher, and who, in the preceding 36 months, in order 
        to obtain, or accompany such parent or spouse, in order to 
        obtain, temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural or 
        fishing work--
                    ``(A) has moved from one school district to 
                another;
                    ``(B) in a State that is comprised of a single 
                school district, has moved from one administrative area 
                to another within such district; or
                    ``(C) resides in a school district of more than 
                15,000 square miles, and migrates a distance of 20 
                miles or more to a temporary residence to engage in a 
                fishing activity.

  ``Subpart 3--Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and 
            Youth Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk

``SEC. 1141. PURPOSE AND PROGRAM AUTHORIZATION.

    ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this subpart--
            ``(1) to improve educational services for children and 
        youth in local and State institutions for neglected or 
        delinquent children and youth so that such children and youth 
        have the opportunity to meet the same State academic standards 
        that all children in the State are expected to meet;
            ``(2) to provide such children and youth with the services 
        needed to make a successful transition from 
        institutionalization to further schooling or employment; and
            ``(3) to prevent at-risk youth from dropping out of school, 
        and to provide dropouts, and children and youth returning from 
        correctional facilities or institutions for neglected or 
        delinquent children and youth, with a support system to ensure 
        their continued education.
    ``(b) Program Authorized.--From amounts appropriated under section 
3(a)(1), the Secretary shall reserve 0.305 of one percent to carry out 
this subpart.
    ``(c) Grants Awarded.--From the amounts reserved under subsection 
(b) and not reserved under section 1004 and section 1159, the Secretary 
shall make grants to State educational agencies that have plans 
submitted under section 1154 approved to enable such agencies to award 
subgrants to State agencies and local educational agencies to establish 
or improve programs of education for neglected, delinquent, or at-risk 
children and youth.

``SEC. 1142. PAYMENTS FOR PROGRAMS UNDER THIS SUBPART.

    ``(a) Agency Subgrants.--Based on the allocation amount computed 
under section 1152, the Secretary shall allocate to each State 
educational agency an amount necessary to make subgrants to State 
agencies under chapter A.
    ``(b) Local Subgrants.--Each State shall retain, for the purpose of 
carrying out chapter B, funds generated throughout the State under 
subpart 1 of this part based on children and youth residing in local 
correctional facilities, or attending community day programs for 
delinquent children and youth.

                   ``CHAPTER A--STATE AGENCY PROGRAMS

``SEC. 1151. ELIGIBILITY.

    ``A State agency is eligible for assistance under this chapter if 
such State agency is responsible for providing free public education 
for children and youth--
            ``(1) in institutions for neglected or delinquent children 
        and youth;
            ``(2) attending community day programs for neglected or 
        delinquent children and youth; or
            ``(3) in adult correctional institutions.

``SEC. 1152. ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) Subgrants to State Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State agency described in section 
        1151 (other than an agency in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) 
        is eligible to receive a subgrant under this chapter, for each 
        fiscal year, in an amount equal to the product of--
                    ``(A) the number of neglected or delinquent 
                children and youth described in section 1151 who--
                            ``(i) are enrolled for at least 15 hours 
                        per week in education programs in adult 
                        correctional institutions; and
                            ``(ii) are enrolled for at least 20 hours 
                        per week--
                                    ``(I) in education programs in 
                                institutions for neglected or 
                                delinquent children and youth; or
                                    ``(II) in community day programs 
                                for neglected or delinquent children 
                                and youth; and
                    ``(B) 40 percent of the average per-pupil 
                expenditure in the State, except that the amount 
                determined under this subparagraph shall not be less 
                than 32 percent, nor more than 48 percent, of the 
                average per-pupil expenditure in the United States.
            ``(2) Special rule.--The number of neglected or delinquent 
        children and youth determined under paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) be determined by the State agency by a 
                deadline set by the Secretary, except that no State 
                agency shall be required to determine the number of 
                such children and youth on a specific date set by the 
                Secretary; and
                    ``(B) be adjusted, as the Secretary determines is 
                appropriate, to reflect the relative length of such 
                agency's annual programs.
    ``(b) Subgrants to State Agencies in Puerto Rico.--
            ``(1) In general.--For each fiscal year, the amount of the 
        subgrant which a State agency in the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico shall be eligible to receive under this chapter shall be 
        the amount determined by multiplying the number of children 
        counted under subsection (a)(1)(A) for the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico by the product of--
                    ``(A) the percentage which the average per-pupil 
                expenditure in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is of 
                the lowest average per-pupil expenditure of any of the 
                50 States; and
                    ``(B) 32 percent of the average per-pupil 
                expenditure in the United States.
            ``(2) Minimum percentage.--The percentage in paragraph 
        (1)(A) shall not be less than 85 percent.
    ``(c) Ratable Reductions in Case of Insufficient Appropriations.--
If the amount reserved for any fiscal year for subgrants under 
subsections (a) and (b) is insufficient to pay the full amount for 
which all State agencies are eligible under such subsections, the 
Secretary shall ratably reduce each such amount.

``SEC. 1153. STATE REALLOCATION OF FUNDS.

    ``If a State educational agency determines that a State agency does 
not need the full amount of the subgrant for which such State agency is 
eligible under this chapter for any fiscal year, the State educational 
agency may reallocate the amount that will not be needed to other 
eligible State agencies that need additional funds to carry out the 
purpose of this chapter, in such amounts as the State educational 
agency shall determine.

``SEC. 1154. STATE PLAN AND STATE AGENCY APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) State Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State educational agency that 
        desires to receive a grant under this chapter shall submit, for 
        approval by the Secretary, a plan--
                    ``(A) for meeting the educational needs of 
                neglected, delinquent, and at-risk children and youth;
                    ``(B) for assisting in the transition of children 
                and youth from correctional facilities to locally 
                operated programs; and
                    ``(C) that is integrated with other programs under 
                this Act or other Acts, as appropriate.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each such State plan shall--
                    ``(A) describe how the State will assess the 
                effectiveness of the program in improving the academic, 
                career, and technical skills of children in the 
                program;
                    ``(B) provide that, to the extent feasible, such 
                children will have the same opportunities to achieve as 
                such children would have if such children were in the 
                schools of local educational agencies in the State;
                    ``(C) describe how the State will place a priority 
                for such children to obtain a regular high school 
                diploma, to the extent feasible; and
                    ``(D) contain an assurance that the State 
                educational agency will--
                            ``(i) ensure that programs assisted under 
                        this chapter will be carried out in accordance 
                        with the State plan described in this 
                        subsection;
                            ``(ii) carry out the evaluation 
                        requirements of section 1171; and
                            ``(iii) ensure that the State agencies 
                        receiving subgrants under this chapter comply 
                        with all applicable statutory and regulatory 
                        requirements.
            ``(3) Duration of the plan.--Each such State plan shall--
                    ``(A) remain in effect for the duration of the 
                State's participation under this chapter; and
                    ``(B) be periodically reviewed and revised by the 
                State, as necessary, to reflect changes in the State's 
                strategies and programs under this chapter.
    ``(b) Secretarial Approval and Peer Review.--
            ``(1) Secretarial approval.--The Secretary shall approve 
        each State plan that meets the requirements of this chapter.
            ``(2) Peer review.--The Secretary may review any State plan 
        with the assistance and advice of individuals with relevant 
        expertise.
    ``(c) State Agency Applications.--Any State agency that desires to 
receive funds to carry out a program under this chapter shall submit an 
application to the State educational agency that--
            ``(1) describes the procedures to be used, consistent with 
        the State plan under section 1111, to assess the educational 
        needs of the children to be served under this chapter;
            ``(2) provide an assurance that in making services 
        available to children and youth in adult correctional 
        institutions, priority will be given to such children and youth 
        who are likely to complete incarceration within a 2-year 
        period;
            ``(3) describes the program, including a budget for the 
        first year of the program, with annual updates to be provided 
        to the State educational agency;
            ``(4) describes how the program will meet the goals and 
        objectives of the State plan;
            ``(5) describes how the State agency will consult with 
        experts and provide the necessary training for appropriate 
        staff, to ensure that the planning and operation of 
        institution-wide projects under section 1156 are of high 
        quality;
            ``(6) describes how the programs will be coordinated with 
        other appropriate State and Federal programs, such as programs 
        under title I of Public Law 105-220, career and technical 
        education programs, State and local dropout prevention 
        programs, and special education programs;
            ``(7) describes how the State agency will encourage 
        correctional facilities receiving funds under this chapter to 
        coordinate with local educational agencies or alternative 
        education programs attended by incarcerated children and youth 
        prior to and after their incarceration to ensure that student 
        assessments and appropriate academic records are shared jointly 
        between the correctional facility and the local educational 
        agency or alternative education program;
            ``(8) describes how appropriate professional development 
        will be provided to teachers and other staff;
            ``(9) designates an individual in each affected 
        correctional facility or institution for neglected or 
        delinquent children and youth to be responsible for issues 
        relating to the transition of such children and youth from such 
        facility or institution to locally operated programs;
            ``(10) describes how the State agency will endeavor to 
        coordinate with businesses for training and mentoring for 
        participating children and youth;
            ``(11) provides an assurance that the State agency will 
        assist in locating alternative programs through which students 
        can continue their education if the students are not returning 
        to school after leaving the correctional facility or 
        institution for neglected or delinquent children and youth;
            ``(12) provides assurances that the State agency will work 
        with parents to secure parents' assistance in improving the 
        educational achievement of their children and youth, and 
        preventing their children's and youth's further involvement in 
        delinquent activities;
            ``(13) provides an assurance that the State agency will 
        work with children and youth with disabilities in order to meet 
        an existing individualized education program and an assurance 
        that the agency will notify the child's or youth's local school 
        if the child or youth--
                    ``(A) is identified as in need of special education 
                services while the child or youth is in the 
                correctional facility or institution for neglected or 
                delinquent children and youth; and
                    ``(B) intends to return to the local school;
            ``(14) provides an assurance that the State agency will 
        work with children and youth who dropped out of school before 
        entering the correctional facility or institution for neglected 
        or delinquent children and youth to encourage the children and 
        youth to reenter school and obtain a regular high school 
        diploma once the term of the incarceration is completed, or 
        provide the child or youth with the skills necessary to gain 
        employment, continue the education of the child or youth, or 
        obtain a regular high school diploma or its recognized 
        equivalent if the child or youth does not intend to return to 
        school;
            ``(15) provides an assurance that effective teachers and 
        other qualified staff are trained to work with children and 
        youth with disabilities and other students with special needs 
        taking into consideration the unique needs of such students;
            ``(16) describes any additional services to be provided to 
        children and youth, such as career counseling, distance 
        education, and assistance in securing student loans and grants; 
        and
            ``(17) provides an assurance that the program under this 
        chapter will be coordinated with any programs operated under 
        the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 
        U.S.C. 5601 et seq.) or other comparable programs, if 
        applicable.

``SEC. 1155. USE OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) Uses.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State agency shall use funds received 
        under this chapter only for programs and projects that--
                    ``(A) are consistent with the State plan under 
                section 1154(a); and
                    ``(B) concentrate on providing participants with 
                the knowledge and skills needed to make a successful 
                transition to secondary school completion, career and 
                technical education, further education, or employment 
                without the need for remediation.
            ``(2) Programs and projects.--Such programs and projects--
                    ``(A) may include the acquisition of equipment;
                    ``(B) shall be designed to support educational 
                services that--
                            ``(i) except for institution-wide projects 
                        under section 1156, are provided to children 
                        and youth identified by the State agency as 
                        failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet 
                        the State's academic standards;
                            ``(ii) supplement and improve the quality 
                        of the educational services provided to such 
                        children and youth by the State agency; and
                            ``(iii) afford such children and youth an 
                        opportunity to meet State academic standards; 
                        and
                    ``(C) shall be carried out in a manner consistent 
                with section 1120A and part C (as applied to programs 
                and projects under this chapter).
    ``(b) Supplement, Not Supplant.--A program under this chapter that 
supplements the number of hours of instruction students receive from 
State and local sources shall be considered to comply with the 
supplement, not supplant requirement of section 1120A (as applied to 
this chapter) without regard to the subject areas in which instruction 
is given during those hours.

``SEC. 1156. INSTITUTION-WIDE PROJECTS.

    ``A State agency that provides free public education for children 
and youth in an institution for neglected or delinquent children and 
youth (other than an adult correctional institution) or attending a 
community day program for such children and youth may use funds 
received under this chapter to serve all children in, and upgrade the 
entire educational effort of, that institution or program if the State 
agency has developed, and the State educational agency has approved, a 
comprehensive plan for that institution or program that--
            ``(1) provides for a comprehensive assessment of the 
        educational needs of all children and youth in the institution 
        or program serving juveniles;
            ``(2) provides for a comprehensive assessment of the 
        educational needs of youth aged 20 and younger in adult 
        facilities who are expected to complete incarceration within a 
        2-year period;
            ``(3) describes the steps the State agency has taken, or 
        will take, to provide all children and youth under age 21 with 
        the opportunity to meet State academic standards in order to 
        improve the likelihood that the children and youth will 
        complete secondary school, obtain a regular high school diploma 
        or its recognized equivalent, or find employment after leaving 
        the institution;
            ``(4) describes the instructional program, specialized 
        instructional support services, and procedures that will be 
        used to meet the needs described in paragraph (1), including, 
        to the extent feasible, the provision of mentors for the 
        children and youth described in paragraph (1);
            ``(5) specifically describes how such funds will be used;
            ``(6) describes the measures and procedures that will be 
        used to assess and improve student achievement;
            ``(7) describes how the agency has planned, and will 
        implement and evaluate, the institution-wide or program-wide 
        project in consultation with personnel providing direct 
        instructional services and support services in institutions or 
        community day programs for neglected or delinquent children and 
        youth, and with personnel from the State educational agency; 
        and
            ``(8) includes an assurance that the State agency has 
        provided for appropriate training for teachers and other 
        instructional and administrative personnel to enable such 
        teachers and personnel to carry out the project effectively.

``SEC. 1157. THREE-YEAR PROGRAMS OR PROJECTS.

    ``If a State agency operates a program or project under this 
chapter in which individual children or youth are likely to participate 
for more than one year, the State educational agency may approve the 
State agency's application for a subgrant under this chapter for a 
period of not more than 3 years.

``SEC. 1158. TRANSITION SERVICES.

    ``(a) Transition Services.--Each State agency shall reserve not 
less than 15 percent and not more than 30 percent of the amount such 
agency receives under this chapter for any fiscal year to support--
            ``(1) projects that facilitate the transition of children 
        and youth from State-operated institutions to schools served by 
        local educational agencies; or
            ``(2) the successful re-entry of youth offenders, who are 
        age 20 or younger and have received a regular high school 
        diploma or its recognized equivalent, into postsecondary 
        education, or career and technical training programs, through 
        strategies designed to expose the youth to, and prepare the 
        youth for, postsecondary education, or career and technical 
        training programs, such as--
                    ``(A) preplacement programs that allow adjudicated 
                or incarcerated youth to audit or attend courses on 
                college, university, or community college campuses, or 
                through programs provided in institutional settings;
                    ``(B) worksite schools, in which institutions of 
                higher education and private or public employers 
                partner to create programs to help students make a 
                successful transition to postsecondary education and 
                employment; and
                    ``(C) essential support services to ensure the 
                success of the youth, such as--
                            ``(i) personal, career and technical, and 
                        academic counseling;
                            ``(ii) placement services designed to place 
                        the youth in a university, college, or junior 
                        college program;
                            ``(iii) information concerning, and 
                        assistance in obtaining, available student 
                        financial aid;
                            ``(iv) counseling services; and
                            ``(v) job placement services.
    ``(b) Conduct of Projects.--A project supported under this section 
may be conducted directly by the State agency, or through a contract or 
other arrangement with one or more local educational agencies, other 
public agencies, or private organizations.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit a school that receives funds under subsection (a) 
from serving neglected and delinquent children and youth simultaneously 
with students with similar educational needs, in the same educational 
settings where appropriate.

``SEC. 1159. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    ``The Secretary shall reserve not more than 1 percent of the amount 
reserved under section 1141 to provide technical assistance to and 
support State agency programs assisted under this chapter.

                   ``CHAPTER B--LOCAL AGENCY PROGRAMS

``SEC. 1161. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this chapter is to support the operation of local 
educational agency programs that involve collaboration with locally 
operated correctional facilities--
            ``(1) to carry out high quality education programs to 
        prepare children and youth for secondary school completion, 
        training, employment, or further education;
            ``(2) to provide activities to facilitate the transition of 
        such children and youth from the correctional program to 
        further education or employment; and
            ``(3) to operate programs in local schools for children and 
        youth returning from correctional facilities, and programs 
        which may serve at-risk children and youth.

``SEC. 1162. PROGRAMS OPERATED BY LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    ``(a) Local Subgrants.--With funds made available under section 
1142(b), the State educational agency shall award subgrants to local 
educational agencies with high numbers or percentages of children and 
youth residing in locally operated (including county operated) 
correctional facilities for children and youth (including facilities 
involved in community day programs).
    ``(b) Special Rule.--A local educational agency that serves a 
school operated by a correctional facility is not required to operate a 
program of support for children and youth returning from such school to 
a school that is not operated by a correctional agency but served by 
such local educational agency, if more than 30 percent of the children 
and youth attending the school operated by the correctional facility 
will reside outside the boundaries served by the local educational 
agency after leaving such facility.
    ``(c) Notification.--A State educational agency shall notify local 
educational agencies within the State of the eligibility of such 
agencies to receive a subgrant under this chapter.
    ``(d) Transitional and Academic Services.--Transitional and 
supportive programs operated in local educational agencies under this 
chapter shall be designed primarily to meet the transitional and 
academic needs of students returning to local educational agencies or 
alternative education programs from correctional facilities. Services 
to students at-risk of dropping out of school shall not have a negative 
impact on meeting the transitional and academic needs of the students 
returning from correctional facilities.

``SEC. 1163. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATIONS.

    ``Each local educational agency desiring assistance under this 
chapter shall submit an application to the State educational agency 
that contains such information as the State educational agency may 
require. Each such application shall include--
            ``(1) a description of the program to be assisted;
            ``(2) a description of formal agreements, regarding the 
        program to be assisted, between--
                    ``(A) the local educational agency; and
                    ``(B) correctional facilities and alternative 
                school programs serving children and youth involved 
                with the juvenile justice system;
            ``(3) as appropriate, a description of how participating 
        schools will coordinate with facilities working with delinquent 
        children and youth to ensure that such children and youth are 
        participating in an education program comparable to one 
        operating in the local school such youth would attend;
            ``(4) a description of the program operated by 
        participating schools for children and youth returning from 
        correctional facilities and, as appropriate, the types of 
        services that such schools will provide such children and youth 
        and other at-risk children and youth;
            ``(5) a description of the characteristics (including 
        learning difficulties, substance abuse problems, and other 
        needs) of the children and youth who will be returning from 
        correctional facilities and, as appropriate, other at-risk 
        children and youth expected to be served by the program, and a 
        description of how the school will coordinate existing 
        educational programs to meet the unique educational needs of 
        such children and youth;
            ``(6) as appropriate, a description of how schools will 
        coordinate with existing social, health, and other services to 
        meet the needs of students returning from correctional 
        facilities and at-risk children or youth, including prenatal 
        health care and nutrition services related to the health of the 
        parent and the child or youth, parenting and child development 
        classes, child care, targeted reentry and outreach programs, 
        referrals to community resources, and scheduling flexibility;
            ``(7) as appropriate, a description of any partnerships 
        with local businesses to develop training, curriculum-based 
        youth entrepreneurship education, and mentoring services for 
        participating students;
            ``(8) as appropriate, a description of how the program will 
        involve parents in efforts to improve the educational 
        achievement of their children, assist in dropout prevention 
        activities, and prevent the involvement of their children in 
        delinquent activities;
            ``(9) a description of how the program under this chapter 
        will be coordinated with other Federal, State, and local 
        programs, such as programs under title I of Public Law 105-220 
        and career and technical education programs serving at-risk 
        children and youth;
            ``(10) a description of how the program will be coordinated 
        with programs operated under the Juvenile Justice and 
        Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 and other comparable 
        programs, if applicable;
            ``(11) as appropriate, a description of how schools will 
        work with probation officers to assist in meeting the needs of 
        children and youth returning from correctional facilities;
            ``(12) a description of the efforts participating schools 
        will make to ensure correctional facilities working with 
        children and youth are aware of a child's or youth's existing 
        individualized education program; and
            ``(13) as appropriate, a description of the steps 
        participating schools will take to find alternative placements 
        for children and youth interested in continuing their education 
        but unable to participate in a traditional public school 
        program.

``SEC. 1164. USES OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) In General.--Funds provided to local educational agencies 
under this chapter may be used, as appropriate, for--
            ``(1) programs that serve children and youth returning to 
        local schools from correctional facilities, to assist in the 
        transition of such children and youth to the school environment 
        and help them remain in school in order to complete their 
        education;
            ``(2) dropout prevention programs which serve at-risk 
        children and youth;
            ``(3) the coordination of health and social services for 
        such individuals if there is a likelihood that the provision of 
        such services, including day care, drug and alcohol counseling, 
        and mental health services, will improve the likelihood such 
        individuals will complete their education;
            ``(4) special programs to meet the unique academic needs of 
        participating children and youth, including career and 
        technical education, special education, career counseling, 
        curriculum-based youth entrepreneurship education, and 
        assistance in securing student loans or grants for 
        postsecondary education; and
            ``(5) programs providing mentoring and peer mediation.
    ``(b) Contracts and Grants.--A local educational agency may use a 
grant received under this chapter to carry out the activities described 
under paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (a) directly or through 
grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

``SEC. 1165. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS FOR CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES RECEIVING 
              FUNDS UNDER THIS SECTION.

    ``Each correctional facility entering into an agreement with a 
local educational agency under section 1163(2) to provide services to 
children and youth under this chapter shall--
            ``(1) where feasible, ensure that educational programs in 
        the correctional facility are coordinated with the student's 
        home school, particularly with respect to a student with an 
        individualized education program under part B of the 
        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;
            ``(2) if the child or youth is identified as in need of 
        special education services while in the correctional facility, 
        notify the local school of the child or youth of such need;
            ``(3) where feasible, provide transition assistance to help 
        the child or youth stay in school, including coordination of 
        services for the family, counseling, assistance in accessing 
        drug and alcohol abuse prevention programs, tutoring, and 
        family counseling;
            ``(4) provide support programs that encourage children and 
        youth who have dropped out of school to re-enter school and 
        obtain a regular high school diploma once their term at the 
        correctional facility has been completed, or provide such 
        children and youth with the skills necessary to gain employment 
        or seek a regular high school diploma or its recognized 
        equivalent;
            ``(5) work to ensure that the correctional facility is 
        staffed with effective teachers and other qualified staff who 
        are trained to work with children and youth with disabilities 
        taking into consideration the unique needs of such children and 
        youth;
            ``(6) ensure that educational programs in the correctional 
        facility are related to assisting students to meet the States's 
        academic standards;
            ``(7) to the extent possible, use technology to assist in 
        coordinating educational programs between the correctional 
        facility and the community school;
            ``(8) where feasible, involve parents in efforts to improve 
        the educational achievement of their children and prevent the 
        further involvement of such children in delinquent activities;
            ``(9) coordinate funds received under this chapter with 
        other local, State, and Federal funds available to provide 
        services to participating children and youth, such as funds 
        made available under title I of Public Law 105-220, and career 
        and technical education funds;
            ``(10) coordinate programs operated under this chapter with 
        activities funded under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency 
        Prevention Act of 1974 and other comparable programs, if 
        applicable;
            ``(11) if appropriate, work with local businesses to 
        develop training, curriculum-based youth entrepreneurship 
        education, and mentoring programs for children and youth; and
            ``(12) consult with the local educational agency for a 
        period jointly determined necessary by the correctional 
        facility and local educational agency upon discharge from that 
        facility to coordinate educational services so as to minimize 
        disruption to the child's or youth's achievement.

``SEC. 1166. ACCOUNTABILITY.

    ``The State educational agency--
            ``(1) may require correctional facilities or institutions 
        for neglected or delinquent children and youth to demonstrate, 
        after receiving assistance under this chapter for 3 years, that 
        there has been an increase in the number of children and youth 
        returning to school, obtaining a regular high school diploma or 
        its recognized equivalent, or obtaining employment after such 
        children and youth are released; and
            ``(2) may reduce or terminate funding for projects under 
        this chapter if a local educational agency does not show 
        progress in the number of children and youth obtaining a 
        regular high school diploma or its recognized equivalent.

                    ``CHAPTER C--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 1171. PROGRAM EVALUATIONS.

    ``(a) Scope of Evaluation.--Each State agency or local educational 
agency that conducts a program under chapters A or B shall evaluate the 
program, disaggregating data on participation by gender, race, 
ethnicity, and age, not less than once every 3 years, to determine the 
program's impact on the ability of participants--
            ``(1) to maintain and improve educational achievement;
            ``(2) to accrue school credits that meet State requirements 
        for grade promotion and high school graduation;
            ``(3) to make the transition to a regular program or other 
        education program operated by a local educational agency;
            ``(4) to complete high school (or high school equivalency 
        requirements) and obtain employment after leaving the 
        correctional facility or institution for neglected or 
        delinquent children and youth; and
            ``(5) as appropriate, to participate in postsecondary 
        education and job training programs.
    ``(b) Exception.--The disaggregation required under subsection (a) 
shall not be required in a case in which the number of students in a 
category is insufficient to yield statistically reliable information or 
the results would reveal personally identifiable information about an 
individual student.
    ``(c) Evaluation Measures.--In conducting each evaluation under 
subsection (a), a State agency or local educational agency shall use 
multiple and appropriate measures of student progress.
    ``(d) Evaluation Results.--Each State agency and local educational 
agency shall--
            ``(1) submit evaluation results to the State educational 
        agency and the Secretary; and
            ``(2) use the results of evaluations under this section to 
        plan and improve subsequent programs for participating children 
        and youth.

``SEC. 1172. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subpart:
            ``(1) Adult correctional institution.--The term `adult 
        correctional institution' means a facility in which persons 
        (including persons under 21 years of age) are confined as a 
        result of a conviction for a criminal offense.
            ``(2) At-risk.--The term `at-risk', when used with respect 
        to a child, youth, or student, means a school-aged individual 
        who--
                    ``(A) is at-risk of academic failure; and
                    ``(B) has a drug or alcohol problem, is pregnant or 
                is a parent, has come into contact with the juvenile 
                justice system in the past, is at least 1 year behind 
                the expected grade level for the age of the individual, 
                is an English learner, is a gang member, has dropped 
                out of school in the past, or has a high absenteeism 
                rate at school.
            ``(3) Community day program.--The term `community day 
        program' means a regular program of instruction provided by a 
        State agency at a community day school operated specifically 
        for neglected or delinquent children and youth.
            ``(4) Institution for neglected or delinquent children and 
        youth.--The term `institution for neglected or delinquent 
        children and youth' means--
                    ``(A) a public or private residential facility, 
                other than a foster home, that is operated for the care 
                of children who have been committed to the institution 
                or voluntarily placed in the institution under 
                applicable State law, due to abandonment, neglect, or 
                death of their parents or guardians; or
                    ``(B) a public or private residential facility for 
                the care of children who have been adjudicated to be 
                delinquent or in need of supervision.

 ``Subpart 4--English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and 
                          Academic Achievement

``SEC. 1181. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this subpart are--
            ``(1) to help ensure that English learners, including 
        immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency and 
        develop high levels of academic achievement in English;
            ``(2) to assist all English learners, including immigrant 
        children and youth, to achieve at high levels in the core 
        academic subjects so that those children can meet the same 
        State academic standards that all children are expected to 
        meet, consistent with section 1111(b)(1);
            ``(3) to assist State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, and schools in establishing, 
        implementing, and sustaining high-quality, flexible, evidence-
        based language instruction educational programs designed to 
        assist in teaching English learners, including immigrant 
        children and youth;
            ``(4) to assist State educational agencies and local 
        educational agencies to develop and enhance their capacity to 
        provide high-quality, evidence-based instructional programs 
        designed to prepare English learners, including immigrant 
        children and youth, to enter all-English instruction settings; 
        and
            ``(5) to promote parental and community participation in 
        language instruction educational programs for the parents and 
        communities of English learners.

``CHAPTER A--GRANTS AND SUBGRANTS FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND 
                          LANGUAGE ENHANCEMENT

``SEC. 1191. FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of each State educational agency 
having a plan approved by the Secretary for a fiscal year under section 
1192, the Secretary shall reserve 4.4 percent of funds appropriated 
under section 3(a)(1) to make a grant for the year to the agency for 
the purposes specified in subsection (b). The grant shall consist of 
the allotment determined for the State educational agency under 
subsection (c).
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) Subgrants to eligible entities.--The Secretary may 
        make a grant under subsection (a) only if the State educational 
        agency involved agrees to expend at least 95 percent of the 
        State educational agency's allotment under subsection (c) for a 
        fiscal year--
                    ``(A) to award subgrants, from allocations under 
                section 1193, to eligible entities to carry out the 
                activities described in section 1194 (other than 
                subsection (e)); and
                    ``(B) to award subgrants under section 1193(d)(1) 
                to eligible entities that are described in that section 
                to carry out the activities described in section 
                1194(e).
            ``(2) State activities.--Subject to paragraph (3), each 
        State educational agency receiving a grant under subsection (a) 
        may reserve not more than 5 percent of the agency's allotment 
        under subsection (c) to carry out the following activities:
                    ``(A) Professional development activities, and 
                other activities, which may include assisting personnel 
                in--
                            ``(i) meeting State and local certification 
                        and licensing requirements for teaching English 
                        learners; and
                            ``(ii) improving teacher skills in meeting 
                        the diverse needs of English learners, 
                        including in how to implement evidence-based 
                        programs and curricula on teaching English 
                        learners.
                    ``(B) Planning, evaluation, administration, and 
                interagency coordination related to the subgrants 
                referred to in paragraph (1).
                    ``(C) Providing technical assistance and other 
                forms of assistance to eligible entities that are 
                receiving subgrants from a State educational agency 
                under this chapter, including assistance in--
                            ``(i) identifying and implementing 
                        evidence-based language instruction educational 
                        programs and curricula for teaching English 
                        learners;
                            ``(ii) helping English learners meet the 
                        same State academic standards that all children 
                        are expected to meet;
                            ``(iii) identifying or developing, and 
                        implementing, measures of English proficiency; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) strengthening and increasing parent, 
                        family, and community engagement.
                    ``(D) Providing recognition, which may include 
                providing financial awards, to subgrantees that have 
                significantly improved the achievement and progress of 
                English learners in--
                            ``(i) reaching English language 
                        proficiency, based on the State's English 
                        language proficiency assessment under section 
                        1111(b)(2)(D); and
                            ``(ii) meeting the State academic standards 
                        under section 1111(b)(1).
            ``(3) Administrative expenses.--From the amount reserved 
        under paragraph (2), a State educational agency may use not 
        more than 40 percent of such amount or $175,000, whichever is 
        greater, for the planning and administrative costs of carrying 
        out paragraphs (1) and (2).
    ``(c) Reservations and Allotments.--
            ``(1) Reservations.--From the amount reserved under section 
        1191(a) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
                    ``(A) 0.5 percent of such amount for payments to 
                outlying areas, to be allotted in accordance with their 
                respective needs for assistance under this chapter, as 
                determined by the Secretary, for activities, approved 
                by the Secretary, consistent with this chapter; and
                    ``(B) 6.5 percent of such amount for national 
                activities under sections 1211 and 1222, except that 
                not more than $2,000,000 of such amount may be reserved 
                for the National Clearinghouse for English Language 
                Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational 
                Programs described in section 1222.
            ``(2) State allotments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), from the amount reserved under 
                section 1191(a) for each fiscal year that remains after 
                making the reservations under paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary shall allot to each State educational agency 
                having a plan approved under section 1192(c)--
                            ``(i) an amount that bears the same 
                        relationship to 80 percent of the remainder as 
                        the number of English learners in the State 
                        bears to the number of such children in all 
                        States, as determined by data available from 
                        the American Community Survey conducted by the 
                        Department of Commerce or State-reported data; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) an amount that bears the same 
                        relationship to 20 percent of the remainder as 
                        the number of immigrant children and youth in 
                        the State bears to the number of such children 
                        and youth in all States, as determined based 
                        only on data available from the American 
                        Community Survey conducted by the Department of 
                        Commerce.
                    ``(B) Minimum allotments.--No State educational 
                agency shall receive an allotment under this paragraph 
                that is less than $500,000.
                    ``(C) Reallotment.--If any State educational agency 
                described in subparagraph (A) does not submit a plan to 
                the Secretary for a fiscal year, or submits a plan (or 
                any amendment to a plan) that the Secretary, after 
                reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing, 
                determines does not satisfy the requirements of this 
                chapter, the Secretary shall reallot any portion of 
                such allotment to the remaining State educational 
                agencies in accordance with subparagraph (A).
                    ``(D) Special rule for puerto rico.--The total 
                amount allotted to Puerto Rico for any fiscal year 
                under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 0.5 percent of 
                the total amount allotted to all States for that fiscal 
                year.
            ``(3) Use of data for determinations.--In making State 
        allotments under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall determine the number of English learners in a 
        State and in all States, using the most accurate, up-to-date 
        data, which shall be--
                    ``(A) data from the American Community Survey 
                conducted by the Department of Commerce, which may be 
                multiyear estimates;
                    ``(B) the number of students being assessed for 
                English language proficiency, based on the State's 
                English language proficiency assessment under section 
                1111(b)(2)(D), which may be multiyear estimates; or
                    ``(C) a combination of data available under 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B).

``SEC. 1192. STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PLANS.

    ``(a) Plan Required.--Each State educational agency desiring a 
grant under this chapter shall submit a plan to the Secretary at such 
time and in such manner as the Secretary may require.
    ``(b) Contents.--Each plan submitted under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) describe the process that the agency will use in 
        awarding subgrants to eligible entities under section 
        1193(d)(1);
            ``(2) provide an assurance that--
                    ``(A) the agency will ensure that eligible entities 
                receiving a subgrant under this chapter comply with the 
                requirement in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(x) to annually 
                assess in English learners who have been in the United 
                States for 3 or more consecutive years;
                    ``(B) the agency will ensure that eligible entities 
                receiving a subgrant under this chapter annually assess 
                the English proficiency of all English learners 
                participating in a program funded under this chapter, 
                consistent with section 1111(b)(2)(D);
                    ``(C) in awarding subgrants under section 1193, the 
                agency will address the needs of school systems of all 
                sizes and in all geographic areas, including school 
                systems with rural and urban schools;
                    ``(D) subgrants to eligible entities under section 
                1193(d)(1) will be of sufficient size and scope to 
                allow such entities to carry out high-quality, 
                evidence-based language instruction educational 
                programs for English learners;
                    ``(E) the agency will require an eligible entity 
                receiving a subgrant under this chapter to use the 
                subgrant in ways that will build such recipient's 
                capacity to continue to offer high-quality evidence-
                based language instruction educational programs that 
                assist English learners in meeting State academic 
                standards;
                    ``(F) the agency will monitor the eligible entity 
                receiving a subgrant under this chapter for compliance 
                with applicable Federal fiscal requirements; and
                    ``(G) the plan has been developed in consultation 
                with local educational agencies, teachers, 
                administrators of programs implemented under this 
                chapter, parents, and other relevant stakeholders;
            ``(3) describe how the agency will coordinate its programs 
        and activities under this chapter with other programs and 
        activities under this Act and other Acts, as appropriate;
            ``(4) describe how eligible entities in the State will be 
        given the flexibility to teach English learners--
                    ``(A) using a high-quality, evidence-based language 
                instruction curriculum for teaching English learners; 
                and
                    ``(B) in the manner the eligible entities determine 
                to be the most effective; and
            ``(5) describe how the agency will assist eligible entities 
        in increasing the number of English learners who acquire 
        English proficiency.
    ``(c) Approval.--The Secretary, after using a peer review process, 
shall approve a plan submitted under subsection (a) if the plan meets 
the requirements of this section.
    ``(d) Duration of Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each plan submitted by a State 
        educational agency and approved under subsection (c) shall--
                    ``(A) remain in effect for the duration of the 
                agency's participation under this chapter; and
                    ``(B) be periodically reviewed and revised by the 
                agency, as necessary, to reflect changes to the 
                agency's strategies and programs carried out under this 
                subpart.
            ``(2) Additional information.--
                    ``(A) Amendments.--If the State educational agency 
                amends the plan, the agency shall submit such amendment 
                to the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Approval.--The Secretary shall approve such 
                amendment to an approved plan, unless the Secretary 
                determines that the amendment will result in the agency 
                not meeting the requirements, or fulfilling the 
                purposes, of this subpart.
    ``(e) Consolidated Plan.--A plan submitted under subsection (a) may 
be submitted as part of a consolidated plan under section 5302.
    ``(f) Secretary Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide technical 
assistance, if requested, in the development of English proficiency 
standards and assessments.

``SEC. 1193. WITHIN-STATE ALLOCATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--After making the reservation required under 
subsection (d)(1), each State educational agency receiving a grant 
under section 1191(c)(2) shall award subgrants for a fiscal year by 
allocating in a timely manner to each eligible entity in the State 
having a plan approved under section 1195 an amount that bears the same 
relationship to the amount received under the grant and remaining after 
making such reservation as the population of English learners in 
schools served by the eligible entity bears to the population of 
English learners in schools served by all eligible entities in the 
State.
    ``(b) Limitation.--A State educational agency shall not award a 
subgrant from an allocation made under subsection (a) if the amount of 
such subgrant would be less than $10,000.
    ``(c) Reallocation.--Whenever a State educational agency determines 
that an amount from an allocation made to an eligible entity under 
subsection (a) for a fiscal year will not be used by the entity for the 
purpose for which the allocation was made, the agency shall, in 
accordance with such rules as it determines to be appropriate, 
reallocate such amount, consistent with such subsection, to other 
eligible entities in the State that the agency determines will use the 
amount to carry out that purpose.
    ``(d) Required Reservation.--A State educational agency receiving a 
grant under this chapter for a fiscal year--
            ``(1) shall reserve not more than 15 percent of the 
        agency's allotment under section 1191(c)(2) to award subgrants 
        to eligible entities in the State that have experienced a 
        significant increase, as compared to the average of the 2 
        preceding fiscal years, in the percentage or number of 
        immigrant children and youth, who have enrolled, during the 
        fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the subgrant is 
        made, in public and nonpublic elementary schools and secondary 
        schools in the geographic areas under the jurisdiction of, or 
        served by, such entities; and
            ``(2) in awarding subgrants under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) shall equally consider eligible entities that 
                satisfy the requirement of such paragraph but have 
                limited or no experience in serving immigrant children 
                and youth; and
                    ``(B) shall consider the quality of each local plan 
                under section 1195 and ensure that each subgrant is of 
                sufficient size and scope to meet the purposes of this 
                subpart.

``SEC. 1194. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.

    ``(a) Purposes of Subgrants.--A State educational agency may make a 
subgrant to an eligible entity from funds received by the agency under 
this chapter only if the entity agrees to expend the funds to improve 
the education of English learners, by assisting the children to learn 
English and meet State academic standards. In carrying out activities 
with such funds, the eligible entity shall use evidence-based 
approaches and methodologies for teaching English learners and 
immigrant children and youth for the following purposes:
            ``(1) Developing and implementing new language instruction 
        educational programs and academic content instruction programs 
        for English learners and immigrant children and youth, 
        including programs of early childhood education, elementary 
        school programs, and secondary school programs.
            ``(2) Carrying out highly focused, innovative, locally 
        designed, evidence-based activities to expand or enhance 
        existing language instruction educational programs and academic 
        content instruction programs for English learners and immigrant 
        children and youth.
            ``(3) Implementing, within an individual school, schoolwide 
        programs for restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all 
        relevant programs, activities, and operations relating to 
        language instruction educational programs and academic content 
        instruction for English learners and immigrant children and 
        youth.
            ``(4) Implementing, within the entire jurisdiction of a 
        local educational agency, agencywide programs for 
        restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, 
        activities, and operations relating to language instruction 
        educational programs and academic content instruction for 
        English learners and immigrant children and youth.
    ``(b) Administrative Expenses.--Each eligible entity receiving 
funds under section 1193(a) for a fiscal year shall use not more than 2 
percent of such funds for the cost of administering this chapter.
    ``(c) Required Subgrantee Activities.--An eligible entity receiving 
funds under section 1193(a) shall use the funds--
            ``(1) to increase the English language proficiency of 
        English learners by providing high-quality, evidence-based 
        language instruction educational programs that meet the needs 
        of English learners and have demonstrated success in 
        increasing--
                    ``(A) English language proficiency; and
                    ``(B) student academic achievement in the core 
                academic subjects;
            ``(2) to provide high-quality, evidence-based professional 
        development to classroom teachers (including teachers in 
        classroom settings that are not the settings of language 
        instruction educational programs), school leaders, 
        administrators, and other school or community-based 
        organization personnel, that is--
                    ``(A) designed to improve the instruction and 
                assessment of English learners;
                    ``(B) designed to enhance the ability of teachers 
                and school leaders to understand and implement 
                curricula, assessment practices and measures, and 
                instruction strategies for English learners;
                    ``(C) evidence-based in increasing children's 
                English language proficiency or substantially 
                increasing the subject matter knowledge, teaching 
                knowledge, and teaching skills of teachers; and
                    ``(D) of sufficient intensity and duration (which 
                shall not include activities such as one-day or short-
                term workshops and conferences) to have a positive and 
                lasting impact on the teachers' performance in the 
                classroom, except that this subparagraph shall not 
                apply to an activity that is one component of a long-
                term, comprehensive professional development plan 
                established by a teacher and the teacher's supervisor 
                based on an assessment of the needs of the teacher, the 
                supervisor, the students of the teacher, and any local 
                educational agency employing the teacher, as 
                appropriate; and
            ``(3) to provide and implement other evidence-based 
        activities and strategies that enhance or supplement language 
        instruction educational programs for English learners, 
        including parental and community engagement activities and 
        strategies that serve to coordinate and align related programs.
    ``(d) Authorized Subgrantee Activities.--Subject to subsection (c), 
an eligible entity receiving funds under section 1193(a) may use the 
funds to achieve one of the purposes described in subsection (a) by 
undertaking one or more of the following activities:
            ``(1) Upgrading program objectives and effective 
        instruction strategies.
            ``(2) Improving the instruction program for English 
        learners by identifying, acquiring, and upgrading curricula, 
        instruction materials, educational software, and assessment 
        procedures.
            ``(3) Providing to English learners--
                    ``(A) tutorials and academic or career education 
                for English learners; and
                    ``(B) intensified instruction.
            ``(4) Developing and implementing elementary school or 
        secondary school language instruction educational programs that 
        are coordinated with other relevant programs and services.
            ``(5) Improving the English language proficiency and 
        academic achievement of English learners.
            ``(6) Providing community participation programs, family 
        literacy services, and parent outreach and training activities 
        to English learners and their families--
                    ``(A) to improve the English language skills of 
                English learners; and
                    ``(B) to assist parents in helping their children 
                to improve their academic achievement and becoming 
                active participants in the education of their children.
            ``(7) Improving the instruction of English learners by 
        providing for--
                    ``(A) the acquisition or development of educational 
                technology or instructional materials;
                    ``(B) access to, and participation in, electronic 
                networks for materials, training, and communication; 
                and
                    ``(C) incorporation of the resources described in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) into curricula and programs, 
                such as those funded under this chapter.
            ``(8) Carrying out other activities that are consistent 
        with the purposes of this section.
    ``(e) Activities by Agencies Experiencing Substantial Increases in 
Immigrant Children and Youth.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving funds under 
        section 1193(d)(1) shall use the funds to pay for activities 
        that provide enhanced instructional opportunities for immigrant 
        children and youth, which may include--
                    ``(A) family literacy, parent outreach, and 
                training activities designed to assist parents to 
                become active participants in the education of their 
                children;
                    ``(B) support for personnel, including 
                paraprofessionals who have been specifically trained, 
                or are being trained, to provide services to immigrant 
                children and youth;
                    ``(C) provision of tutorials, mentoring, and 
                academic or career counseling for immigrant children 
                and youth;
                    ``(D) identification, development, and acquisition 
                of curricular materials, educational software, and 
                technologies to be used in the program carried out with 
                awarded funds;
                    ``(E) basic instruction services that are directly 
                attributable to the presence in the local educational 
                agency involved of immigrant children and youth, 
                including the payment of costs of providing additional 
                classroom supplies, costs of transportation, or such 
                other costs as are directly attributable to such 
                additional basic instruction services;
                    ``(F) other instruction services that are designed 
                to assist immigrant children and youth to achieve in 
                elementary schools and secondary schools in the United 
                States, such as programs of introduction to the 
                educational system and civics education; and
                    ``(G) activities, coordinated with community-based 
                organizations, institutions of higher education, 
                private sector entities, or other entities with 
                expertise in working with immigrants, to assist parents 
                of immigrant children and youth by offering 
                comprehensive community services.
            ``(2) Duration of subgrants.--The duration of a subgrant 
        made by a State educational agency under section 1193(d)(1) 
        shall be determined by the agency in its discretion.
    ``(f) Selection of Method of Instruction.--
            ``(1) In general.--To receive a subgrant from a State 
        educational agency under this chapter, an eligible entity shall 
        select one or more methods or forms of instruction to be used 
        in the programs and activities undertaken by the entity to 
        assist English learners to attain English language proficiency 
        and meet State academic standards.
            ``(2) Consistency.--Such selection shall be consistent with 
        sections 1204 through 1206.
    ``(g) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Federal funds made available under 
this chapter shall be used so as to supplement the level of Federal, 
State, and local public funds that, in the absence of such 
availability, would have been expended for programs for English 
learners and immigrant children and youth and in no case to supplant 
such Federal, State, and local public funds.

``SEC. 1195. LOCAL PLANS.

    ``(a) Plan Required.--Each eligible entity desiring a subgrant from 
the State educational agency under section 1193 shall submit a plan to 
the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the State educational agency may 
require.
    ``(b) Contents.--Each plan submitted under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) describe the evidence-based programs and activities 
        proposed to be developed, implemented, and administered under 
        the subgrant that will help English learners increase their 
        English language proficiency and meet the State academic 
        standards;
            ``(2) describe how the eligible entity will hold elementary 
        schools and secondary schools receiving funds under this 
        chapter accountable for annually assessing the English language 
        proficiency of all children participating under this subpart, 
        consistent with section 1111(b);
            ``(3) describe how the eligible entity will promote parent 
        and community engagement in the education of English learners;
            ``(4) contain an assurance that the eligible entity 
        consulted with teachers, researchers, school administrators, 
        parents and community members, public or private organizations, 
        and institutions of higher education, in developing and 
        implementing such plan;
            ``(5) describe how language instruction educational 
        programs carried out under the subgrant will ensure that 
        English learners being served by the programs develop English 
        language proficiency; and
            ``(6) contain assurances that--
                    ``(A) each local educational agency that is 
                included in the eligible entity is complying with 
                section 1112(g) prior to, and throughout, each school 
                year; and
                    ``(B) the eligible entity is not in violation of 
                any State law, including State constitutional law, 
                regarding the education of English learners, consistent 
                with sections 1205 and 1206.
    ``(c) Teacher English Fluency.--Each eligible entity receiving a 
subgrant under section 1193 shall include in its plan a certification 
that all teachers in any language instruction educational program for 
English learners that is, or will be, funded under this subpart are 
fluent in English and any other language used for instruction, 
including having written and oral communications skills.

                      ``CHAPTER B--ADMINISTRATION

``SEC. 1201. REPORTING.

    ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity that receives a subgrant 
from a State educational agency under chapter A shall provide such 
agency, at the conclusion of every second fiscal year during which the 
subgrant is received, with a report, in a form prescribed by the 
agency, on the activities conducted and students served under this 
subpart that includes--
            ``(1) a description of the programs and activities 
        conducted by the entity with funds received under chapter A 
        during the two immediately preceding fiscal years, including 
        how such programs and activities supplemented programs funded 
        primarily with State or local funds;
            ``(2) a description of the progress made by English 
        learners in learning the English language and in meeting State 
        academic standards;
            ``(3) the number and percentage of English learners in the 
        programs and activities attaining English language proficiency 
        based on the State English language proficiency standards 
        established under section 1111(b)(1)(E) by the end of each 
        school year, as determined by the State's English language 
        proficiency assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(D);
            ``(4) the number of English learners who exit the language 
        instruction educational programs based on their attainment of 
        English language proficiency and transitioned to classrooms not 
        tailored for English learners;
            ``(5) a description of the progress made by English 
        learners in meeting the State academic standards for each of 
        the 2 years after such children are no longer receiving 
        services under this subpart;
            ``(6) the number and percentage of English learners who 
        have not attained English language proficiency within five 
        years of initial classification as an English learner and first 
        enrollment in the local educational agency; and
            ``(7) any such other information as the State educational 
        agency may require.
    ``(b) Use of Report.--A report provided by an eligible entity under 
subsection (a) shall be used by the entity and the State educational 
agency--
            ``(1) to determine the effectiveness of programs and 
        activities in assisting children who are English learners--
                    ``(A) to attain English language proficiency; and
                    ``(B) to make progress in meeting State academic 
                standards under section 1111(b)(1); and
            ``(2) upon determining the effectiveness of programs and 
        activities based on the criteria in paragraph (1), to decide 
        how to improve programs.

``SEC. 1202. ANNUAL REPORT.

    ``(a) States.--Based upon the reports provided to a State 
educational agency under section 1201, each such agency that receives a 
grant under this subpart shall prepare and submit annually to the 
Secretary a report on programs and activities carried out by the State 
educational agency under this subpart and the effectiveness of such 
programs and activities in improving the education provided to English 
learners.
    ``(b) Secretary.--Annually, the Secretary shall prepare and submit 
to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
Pensions of the Senate a report--
            ``(1) on programs and activities carried out to serve 
        English learners under this subpart, and the effectiveness of 
        such programs and activities in improving the academic 
        achievement and English language proficiency of English 
        learners;
            ``(2) on the types of language instruction educational 
        programs used by local educational agencies or eligible 
        entities receiving funding under this subpart to teach English 
        learners;
            ``(3) containing a critical synthesis of data reported by 
        eligible entities to States under section 1201(a);
            ``(4) containing a description of technical assistance and 
        other assistance provided by State educational agencies under 
        section 1191(b)(2)(C);
            ``(5) containing an estimate of the number of effective 
        teachers working in language instruction educational programs 
        and educating English learners, and an estimate of the number 
        of such teachers that will be needed for the succeeding 5 
        fiscal years;
            ``(6) containing the number of programs or activities, if 
        any, that were terminated because the entities carrying out the 
        programs or activities were not able to reach program goals;
            ``(7) containing the number of English learners served by 
        eligible entities receiving funding under this subpart who were 
        transitioned out of language instruction educational programs 
        funded under this subpart into classrooms where instruction is 
        not tailored for English learners; and
            ``(8) containing other information gathered from other 
        reports submitted to the Secretary under this subpart when 
        applicable.

``SEC. 1203. COORDINATION WITH RELATED PROGRAMS.

    ``In order to maximize Federal efforts aimed at serving the 
educational needs of English learners, the Secretary shall coordinate 
and ensure close cooperation with other entities carrying out programs 
serving language-minority and English learners that are administered by 
the Department and other agencies.

``SEC. 1204. RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.

    ``Nothing in this subpart shall be construed--
            ``(1) to prohibit a local educational agency from serving 
        English learners simultaneously with children with similar 
        educational needs, in the same educational settings where 
        appropriate;
            ``(2) to require a State or a local educational agency to 
        establish, continue, or eliminate any particular type of 
        instructional program for English learners; or
            ``(3) to limit the preservation or use of Native American 
        languages.

``SEC. 1205. LEGAL AUTHORITY UNDER STATE LAW.

    ``Nothing in this subpart shall be construed to negate or supersede 
State law, or the legal authority under State law of any State agency, 
State entity, or State public official, over programs that are under 
the jurisdiction of the State agency, entity, or official.

``SEC. 1206. CIVIL RIGHTS.

    ``Nothing in this subpart shall be construed in a manner 
inconsistent with any Federal law guaranteeing a civil right.

``SEC. 1207. PROHIBITION.

    ``In carrying out this subpart, the Secretary shall neither mandate 
nor preclude the use of a particular curricular or pedagogical approach 
to educating English learners.

``SEC. 1208. PROGRAMS FOR NATIVE AMERICANS AND PUERTO RICO.

    ``Notwithstanding any other provision of this subpart, programs 
authorized under this subpart that serve Native American (including 
Native American Pacific Islander) children and children in the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico may include programs of instruction, 
teacher training, curriculum development, evaluation, and assessment 
designed for Native American children learning and studying Native 
American languages and children of limited Spanish proficiency, except 
that an outcome of programs serving such children shall be increased 
English proficiency among such children.

                    ``CHAPTER C--NATIONAL ACTIVITIES

``SEC. 1211. NATIONAL PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.

    ``The Secretary shall use funds made available under section 
1191(c)(1)(B) to award grants on a competitive basis, for a period of 
not more than 5 years, to institutions of higher education or public or 
private organizations with relevant experience and capacity (in 
consortia with State educational agencies or local educational 
agencies) to provide for professional development activities that will 
improve classroom instruction for English learners and assist 
educational personnel working with such children to meet high 
professional standards, including standards for certification and 
licensure as teachers who work in language instruction educational 
programs or serve English learners. Grants awarded under this 
subsection may be used--
            ``(1) for preservice, evidence-based professional 
        development programs that will assist local schools and 
        institutions of higher education to upgrade the qualifications 
        and skills of educational personnel who are not certified or 
        licensed, especially educational paraprofessionals;
            ``(2) for the development of curricula or other 
        instructional strategies appropriate to the needs of the 
        consortia participants involved;
            ``(3) to support strategies that strengthen and increase 
        parent and community member engagement in the education of 
        English learners; and
            ``(4) to share and disseminate evidence-based practices in 
        the instruction of English learners and in increasing their 
        student achievement.

                    ``CHAPTER D--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 1221. DEFINITIONS.

    ``Except as otherwise provided, in this subpart:
            ``(1) Child.--The term `child' means any individual aged 3 
        through 21.
            ``(2) Community-based organization.--The term `community-
        based organization' means a private nonprofit organization of 
        demonstrated effectiveness, Indian tribe, or tribally 
        sanctioned educational authority, that is representative of a 
        community or significant segments of a community and that 
        provides educational or related services to individuals in the 
        community. Such term includes a Native Hawaiian or Native 
        American Pacific Islander native language educational 
        organization.
            ``(3) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) one or more local educational agencies; or
                    ``(B) one or more local educational agencies, in 
                consortia (or collaboration) with an institution of 
                higher education, community-based organization, or 
                State educational agency.
            ``(4) Immigrant children and youth.--The term `immigrant 
        children and youth' means individuals who--
                    ``(A) are age 3 through 21;
                    ``(B) were not born in any State; and
                    ``(C) have not been attending one or more schools 
                in any one or more States for more than 3 full academic 
                years.
            ``(5) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' means any 
        Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or 
        community, including any Native village or Regional Corporation 
        or Village Corporation as defined in or established pursuant to 
        the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, that is recognized as 
        eligible for the special programs and services provided by the 
        United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.
            ``(6) Language instruction educational program.--The term 
        `language instruction educational program' means an instruction 
        course--
                    ``(A) in which an English learner is placed for the 
                purpose of developing and attaining English language 
                proficiency, while meeting State academic standards, as 
                required by section 1111(b)(1); and
                    ``(B) that may make instructional use of both 
                English and a child's native language to enable the 
                child to develop and attain English language 
                proficiency, and may include the participation of 
                English language proficient children if such course is 
                designed to enable all participating children to become 
                proficient in English and a second language.
            ``(7) Native language.--The term `native language', when 
        used with reference to English learner, means--
                    ``(A) the language normally used by such 
                individual; or
                    ``(B) in the case of a child or youth, the language 
                normally used by the parents of the child or youth.
            ``(8) Paraprofessional.--The term `paraprofessional' means 
        an individual who is employed in a preschool, elementary 
        school, or secondary school under the supervision of a 
        certified or licensed teacher, including individuals employed 
        in language instruction educational programs, special 
        education, and migratory education.
            ``(9) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

``SEC. 1222. NATIONAL CLEARINGHOUSE.

    ``The Secretary shall establish and support the operation of a 
National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language 
Instruction Educational Programs, which shall collect, analyze, 
synthesize, and disseminate information about language instruction 
educational programs for English learners, and related programs. The 
National Clearinghouse shall--
            ``(1) be administered as an adjunct clearinghouse of the 
        Educational Resources Information Center Clearinghouses system 
        supported by the Institute of Education Sciences;
            ``(2) coordinate activities with Federal data and 
        information clearinghouses and entities operating Federal 
        dissemination networks and systems;
            ``(3) develop a system for improving the operation and 
        effectiveness of federally funded language instruction 
        educational programs; and
            ``(4) collect and disseminate information on--
                    ``(A) educational research and processes related to 
                the education of English learners; and
                    ``(B) accountability systems that monitor the 
                academic progress of English learners in language 
                instruction educational programs, including information 
                on academic content and English language proficiency 
                assessments for language instruction educational 
                programs; and
            ``(5) publish, on an annual basis, a list of grant 
        recipients under this subpart.

``SEC. 1223. REGULATIONS.

    ``In developing regulations under this subpart, the Secretary shall 
consult with State educational agencies and local educational agencies, 
organizations representing English learners, and organizations 
representing teachers and other personnel involved in the education of 
English learners.

            ``Subpart 5--Rural Education Achievement Program

``SEC. 1230. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this subpart to address the unique needs of 
rural school districts that frequently--
            ``(1) lack the personnel and resources needed to compete 
        effectively for Federal competitive grants; and
            ``(2) receive formula grant allocations in amounts too 
        small to be effective in meeting their intended purposes.

          ``CHAPTER A--SMALL, RURAL SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT PROGRAM

``SEC. 1231. GRANT PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--From amounts appropriated under section 3(a)(1) 
for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve 0.54 of one percent to 
award grants to eligible local educational agencies to enable the local 
educational agencies to carry out activities authorized under any of 
the following provisions:
            ``(1) Part A of title I.
            ``(2) Title II.
            ``(3) Title III.
    ``(b) Allocation.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        Secretary shall award a grant under subsection (a) to a local 
        educational agency eligible under subsection (d) for a fiscal 
        year in an amount equal to the initial amount determined under 
        paragraph (2) for the fiscal year minus the total amount 
        received by the agency in subpart 2 of part A of title II for 
        the preceding fiscal year.
            ``(2) Determination of initial amount.--The initial amount 
        referred to in paragraph (1) is equal to $100 multiplied by the 
        total number of students in excess of 50 students, in average 
        daily attendance at the schools served by the local educational 
        agency, plus $20,000, except that the initial amount may not 
        exceed $60,000.
            ``(3) Ratable adjustment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the amount made available to 
                carry out this section for any fiscal year is not 
                sufficient to pay in full the amounts that local 
                educational agencies are eligible to receive under 
                paragraph (1) for such year, the Secretary shall 
                ratably reduce such amounts for such year.
                    ``(B) Additional amounts.--If additional funds 
                become available for making payments under paragraph 
                (1) for such fiscal year, payments that were reduced 
                under subparagraph (A) shall be increased on the same 
                basis as such payments were reduced.
    ``(c) Disbursement.--The Secretary shall disburse the funds awarded 
to a local educational agency under this section for a fiscal year not 
later than July 1 of that fiscal year.
    ``(d) Eligibility.--
            ``(1) In general.--A local educational agency shall be 
        eligible to use the applicable funding in accordance with 
        subsection (a) if--
                    ``(A)(i)(I) the total number of students in average 
                daily attendance at all of the schools served by the 
                local educational agency is fewer than 600; or
                    ``(II) each county in which a school served by the 
                local educational agency is located has a total 
                population density of fewer than 10 persons per square 
                mile; and
                    ``(ii) all of the schools served by the local 
                educational agency are designated with a school locale 
                code of 41, 42, or 43, as determined by the Secretary; 
                or
                    ``(B) the agency meets the criteria established in 
                subparagraph (A)(i) and the Secretary, in accordance 
                with paragraph (2), grants the local educational 
                agency's request to waive the criteria described in 
                subparagraph (A)(ii).
            ``(2) Certification.--The Secretary shall determine whether 
        to waive the criteria described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) based 
        on a demonstration by the local educational agency, and 
        concurrence by the State educational agency, that the local 
        educational agency is located in an area defined as rural by a 
        governmental agency of the State.
            ``(3) Hold harmless.--For a local educational agency that 
        is not eligible under this chapter but met the eligibility 
        requirements under this subsection as it was in effect prior to 
        the date of the enactment of the Student Success Act, the 
        agency shall receive--
                    ``(A) for fiscal year 2014, 75 percent of the 
                amount such agency received for fiscal year 2013;
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2015, 50 percent of the 
                amount such agency received for fiscal year 2013; and
                    ``(C) for fiscal year 2016, 25 percent of the 
                amount such agency received for fiscal year 2013.
    ``(e) Special Eligibility Rule.--A local educational agency that 
receives a grant under this chapter for a fiscal year is not eligible 
to receive funds for such fiscal year under chapter B.

            ``CHAPTER B--RURAL AND LOW-INCOME SCHOOL PROGRAM

``SEC. 1235. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) Grants to States.--
            ``(1) In general.--From amounts appropriated under section 
        3(a)(1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve 0.54 of 
        one percent for this chapter for a fiscal year that are not 
        reserved under subsection (c) to award grants (from allotments 
        made under paragraph (2)) for the fiscal year to State 
        educational agencies that have applications submitted under 
        section 1237 approved to enable the State educational agencies 
        to award grants to eligible local educational agencies for 
        local authorized activities described in section 1236(a).
            ``(2) Allotment.--From amounts described in paragraph (1) 
        for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall allot to each State 
        educational agency for that fiscal year an amount that bears 
        the same ratio to those amounts as the number of students in 
        average daily attendance served by eligible local educational 
        agencies in the State for that fiscal year bears to the number 
        of all such students served by eligible local educational 
        agencies in all States for that fiscal year.
            ``(3) Specially qualified agencies.--
                    ``(A) Eligibility and application.--If a State 
                educational agency elects not to participate in the 
                program under this subpart or does not have an 
                application submitted under section 1237 approved, a 
                specially qualified agency in such State desiring a 
                grant under this subpart may submit an application 
                under such section directly to the Secretary to receive 
                an award under this subpart.
                    ``(B) Direct awards.--The Secretary may award, on a 
                competitive basis or by formula, the amount the State 
                educational agency is eligible to receive under 
                paragraph (2) directly to a specially qualified agency 
                in the State that has submitted an application in 
                accordance with subparagraph (A) and obtained approval 
                of the application.
                    ``(C) Specially qualified agency defined.--In this 
                subpart, the term `specially qualified agency' means an 
                eligible local educational agency served by a State 
                educational agency that does not participate in a 
                program under this subpart in a fiscal year, that may 
                apply directly to the Secretary for a grant in such 
                year under this subsection.
    ``(b) Local Awards.--
            ``(1) Eligibility.--A local educational agency shall be 
        eligible to receive a grant under this subpart if--
                    ``(A) 20 percent or more of the children ages 5 
                through 17 years served by the local educational agency 
                are from families with incomes below the poverty line; 
                and
                    ``(B) all of the schools served by the agency are 
                designated with a school locale code of 32, 33, 41, 42, 
                43, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Award basis.--A State educational agency shall award 
        grants to eligible local educational agencies--
                    ``(A) on a competitive basis;
                    ``(B) according to a formula based on the number of 
                students in average daily attendance served by the 
                eligible local educational agencies or schools in the 
                State; or
                    ``(C) according to an alternative formula, if, 
                prior to awarding the grants, the State educational 
                agency demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the 
                Secretary, that the alternative formula enables the 
                State educational agency to allot the grant funds in a 
                manner that serves equal or greater concentrations of 
                children from families with incomes below the poverty 
                line, relative to the concentrations that would be 
                served if the State educational agency used the formula 
                described in subparagraph (B).
    ``(c) Reservations.--From amounts reserved under section 1235(a)(1) 
for this chapter for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) one-half of 1 percent to make awards to elementary 
        schools or secondary schools operated or supported by the 
        Bureau of Indian Education, to carry out the activities 
        authorized under this chapter; and
            ``(2) one-half of 1 percent to make awards to the outlying 
        areas in accordance with their respective needs, to carry out 
        the activities authorized under this chapter.

``SEC. 1236. USES OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) Local Awards.--Grant funds awarded to local educational 
agencies under this chapter shall be used for activities authorized 
under any of the following:
            ``(1) Part A of title I.
            ``(2) Title II.
            ``(3) Title III.
    ``(b) Administrative Costs.--A State educational agency receiving a 
grant under this chapter may not use more than 5 percent of the amount 
of the grant for State administrative costs and to provide technical 
assistance to eligible local educational agencies.

``SEC. 1237. APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--Each State educational agency or specially 
qualified agency desiring to receive a grant under this chapter shall 
submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner 
as the Secretary may require.
    ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            ``(1) a description of how the State educational agency or 
        specially qualified agency will ensure eligible local 
        educational agencies receiving a grant under this chapter will 
        use such funds to help students meet the State academic 
        standards under section 1111(b)(1);
            ``(2) if the State educational agency or specially 
        qualified agency will competitively award grants to eligible 
        local educational agencies, as described in section 
        1235(b)(2)(A), the application under the section shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) the methods and criteria the State 
                educational agency or specially qualified agency will 
                use for reviewing applications and awarding funds to 
                local educational agencies on a competitive basis; and
                    ``(B) how the State educational agency or specially 
                qualified agency will notify eligible local educational 
                agencies of the grant competition; and
            ``(3) a description of how the State educational agency or 
        specially qualified agency will provide technical assistance to 
        eligible local educational agencies to help such agencies 
        implement the activities described in section 1236(a).

``SEC. 1238. ACCOUNTABILITY.

    ``Each State educational agency or specially qualified agency that 
receives a grant under this chapter shall prepare and submit an annual 
report to the Secretary. The report shall describe--
            ``(1) the methods and criteria the State educational agency 
        or specially qualified agency used to award grants to eligible 
        local educational agencies, and to provide assistance to 
        schools, under this chapter;
            ``(2) how local educational agencies and schools used funds 
        provided under this chapter; and
            ``(3) the degree to which progress has been made toward 
        having all students meet the State academic standards under 
        section 1111(b)(1).

``SEC. 1239. CHOICE OF PARTICIPATION.

    ``(a) In General.--If a local educational agency is eligible for 
funding under chapters A and B of this subpart, such local educational 
agency may receive funds under either chapter A or chapter B for a 
fiscal year, but may not receive funds under both chapters.
    ``(b) Notification.--A local educational agency eligible for both 
chapters A and B of this subpart shall notify the Secretary and the 
State educational agency under which of such chapters such local 
educational agency intends to receive funds for a fiscal year by a date 
that is established by the Secretary for the notification.

                    ``CHAPTER C--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 1241. ANNUAL AVERAGE DAILY ATTENDANCE DETERMINATION.

    ``(a) Census Determination.--Each local educational agency desiring 
a grant under section 1231 and each local educational agency or 
specially qualified agency desiring a grant under chapter B shall--
            ``(1) not later than December 1 of each year, conduct a 
        census to determine the number of students in average daily 
        attendance in kindergarten through grade 12 at the schools 
        served by the agency; and
            ``(2) not later than March 1 of each year, submit the 
        number described in paragraph (1) to the Secretary (and to the 
        State educational agency, in the case of a local educational 
        agency seeking a grant under subpart 2).
    ``(b) Penalty.--If the Secretary determines that a local 
educational agency or specially qualified agency has knowingly 
submitted false information under subsection (a) for the purpose of 
gaining additional funds under section 1231 or chapter B, then the 
agency shall be fined an amount equal to twice the difference between 
the amount the agency received under this section and the correct 
amount the agency would have received under section 1231 or chapter B 
if the agency had submitted accurate information under subsection (a).

``SEC. 1242. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Funds made available under chapter A or chapter B shall be used 
to supplement, and not supplant, any other Federal, State, or local 
education funds.

``SEC. 1243. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    ``Nothing in this subpart shall be construed to prohibit a local 
educational agency that enters into cooperative arrangements with other 
local educational agencies for the provision of special, compensatory, 
or other education services, pursuant to State law or a written 
agreement, from entering into similar arrangements for the use, or the 
coordination of the use, of the funds made available under this 
subpart.''.
    (b) Strike.--The Act is amended by striking title VII (20 U.S.C. 
7401 et seq.).

                    Subtitle D--National Assessment

SEC. 141. NATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF TITLE I.

    (a) In General.--Part E of title I (20 U.S.C. 6491 et seq.) is 
redesignated as part B of title I.
    (b) Repeals.--Sections 1502 and 1504 (20 U.S.C. 6492; 6494) are 
repealed.
    (c) Redesignations.--Sections 1501 and 1503 (20 U.S.C. 6491; 6493) 
are redesignated as sections 1301 and 1302, respectively.
    (d) Amendments to Section 1301.--Section 1301 (20 U.S.C. 6491), as 
so redesignated, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, acting 
                through the Director of the Institute of Education 
                Sciences (in this section and section 1302 referred to 
                as the `Director'),'' after ``The Secretary'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                        ``Director'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``reaching the proficient level'' and all that 
                        follows and inserting ``graduating high school 
                        prepared for postsecondary education or the 
                        workforce.'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``reach the proficient'' and all that follows 
                        and inserting ``meet State academic 
                        standards.'';
                            (iv) by striking subparagraphs (D) and (G) 
                        and redesignating subparagraphs (E), (F), and 
                        (H) through (O) as subparagraphs (D) through 
                        (M), respectively;
                            (v) in subparagraph (D)(v) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking ``help schools in 
                        which'' and all that follows and inserting 
                        ``address disparities in the percentages of 
                        effective teachers teaching in low-income 
                        schools.'';
                            (vi) in subparagraph (G) (as so 
                        redesignated)--
                                    (I) by striking ``section 1116'' 
                                and inserting ``section 
                                1111(b)(3)(B)(iii)''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``, including the 
                                following'' and all that follows and 
                                inserting a period;
                            (vii) in subparagraph (I) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking ``qualifications'' 
                        and inserting ``effectiveness'';
                            (viii) in subparagraph (J) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking ``, including funds 
                        under section 1002,'';
                            (ix) in subparagraph (L) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking ``section 
                        1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II)'' and inserting ``section 
                        1111(b)(3)(B)(ii)(II)''; and
                            (x) in subparagraph (M) (as so 
                        redesignated), by striking ``Secretary'' and 
                        inserting ``Director'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Secretary'' and 
                inserting ``Director'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Secretary'' and 
                inserting ``Director'';
                    (E) in paragraph (5), by striking ``Secretary'' and 
                inserting ``Director''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (6)--
                            (i) by striking ``No Child Left Behind Act 
                        of 2001'' each place it appears and inserting 
                        ``Student Success Act''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Secretary'' each place 
                        it appears and inserting ``Director'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Secretary'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``Director'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                        ``Director''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``part A'' and inserting 
                        ``subpart 1 of part A'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                        ``Director'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``challenging academic achievement standards'' 
                        and inserting ``State academic standards'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (E), by striking 
                        ``effects of the availability'' and all that 
                        follows and inserting ``extent to which actions 
                        authorized under section 1111(b)(3)(B)(iii) 
                        improve the academic achievement of 
                        disadvantaged students and low-performing 
                        schools.''; and
                            (iv) in subparagraph (F), by striking 
                        ``Secretary'' and inserting ``Director''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                        ``Director''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (C) and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(C) analyzes varying models or strategies for 
                delivering school services, including schoolwide and 
                targeted services.''; and
            (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``Secretary'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``Director''.
    (e) Amendments to Section 1302.--Section 1302 (20 U.S.C. 6493), as 
so redesignated, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Director''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and for making decisions about 
                the promotion and graduation of students'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary'' the first place it 
                appears and inserting ``Director'';
                    (B) by striking ``process,'' and inserting 
                ``process consistent with section 1206,''; and
                    (C) by striking ``Assistant Secretary of 
                Educational Research and Improvement'' and inserting 
                ``Director'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``to 
                        the State-defined level of proficiency'' and 
                        inserting ``toward meeting the State academic 
                        standards''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``pupil-services'' and inserting ``specialized 
                        instructional support services'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``limited and 
                nonlimited English proficient students'' and inserting 
                ``English learners''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Secretary'' and 
                inserting ``Director''; and
            (4) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Director''; and
                    (B) by striking ``authorized to be appropriated for 
                this part'' and inserting ``appropriated under section 
                3(a)(2)''.

                 Subtitle E--Title I General Provisions

SEC. 151. GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR TITLE I.

    Part I of title I (20 U.S.C. 6571 et seq.)--
            (1) is transferred to appear after part B (as 
        redesignated); and
            (2) is amended to read as follows:

                      ``PART C--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 1401. FEDERAL REGULATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may, in accordance with 
subsections (b) through (d), issue such regulations as are necessary to 
reasonably ensure there is compliance with this title.
    ``(b) Negotiated Rulemaking Process.--
            ``(1) In general.--Before publishing in the Federal 
        Register proposed regulations to carry out this title, the 
        Secretary shall obtain the advice and recommendations of 
        representatives of Federal, State, and local administrators, 
        parents, teachers, and members of local school boards and other 
        organizations involved with the implementation and operation of 
        programs under this title, including those representatives and 
        members nominated by local and national stakeholder 
        representatives.
            ``(2) Meetings and electronic exchange.--Such advice and 
        recommendations may be obtained through such mechanisms as 
        regional meetings and electronic exchanges of information. Such 
        regional meetings and electronic exchanges of information shall 
        be public and notice of such meetings and exchanges shall be 
        provided to interested stakeholders.
            ``(3) Proposed regulations.--After obtaining such advice 
        and recommendations, and before publishing proposed 
        regulations, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) establish a negotiated rulemaking process;
                    ``(B) select individuals to participate in such 
                process from among individuals or groups that provided 
                advice and recommendations, including representation 
                from all geographic regions of the United States, in 
                such numbers as will provide an equitable balance 
                between representatives of parents and students and 
                representatives of educators and education officials; 
                and
                    ``(C) prepare a draft of proposed policy options 
                that shall be provided to the individuals selected by 
                the Secretary under subparagraph (B) not less than 15 
                days before the first meeting under such process.
    ``(c) Proposed Rulemaking.--If the Secretary determines that a 
negotiated rulemaking process is unnecessary or the individuals 
selected to participate in the process under paragraph (3)(B) fail to 
reach unanimous agreement, the Secretary may propose regulations under 
the following procedure:
            ``(1) Not less than 30 days prior to beginning a rulemaking 
        process, the Secretary shall provide to Congress, including the 
        Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, 
        and Pensions of the Senate, notice that shall include--
                    ``(A) a copy of the proposed regulations;
                    ``(B) the need to issue regulations;
                    ``(C) the anticipated burden, including the time, 
                cost, and paperwork burden, the regulations will have 
                on State educational agencies, local educational 
                agencies, schools, and other entities that may be 
                impacted by the regulations; and
                    ``(D) any regulations that will be repealed when 
                the new regulations are issued.
            ``(2) 30 days after giving notice of the proposed rule to 
        Congress, the Secretary may proceed with the rulemaking process 
        after all comments received from the Congress have been 
        addressed and publishing how such comments are addressed with 
        the proposed rule.
            ``(3) The comment and review period for any proposed 
        regulation shall be 90 days unless an emergency requires a 
        shorter period, in which case such period shall be not less 
        than 45 days and the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) designate the proposed regulation as an 
                emergency with an explanation of the emergency in the 
                notice and report to Congress under paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) publish the length of the comment and review 
                period in such notice and in the Federal Register.
            ``(4) No regulation shall be made final after the comment 
        and review period until the Secretary has published in the 
        Federal Register an independent assessment (which shall include 
        a representative sampling of local educational agencies based 
        on local educational agency enrollment, urban, suburban, or 
        rural character, and other factors impacted by the proposed 
        regulation) of--
                    ``(A) the burden, including the time, cost, and 
                paperwork burden, the regulation will impose on State 
                educational agencies, local educational agencies, 
                schools and other entities that may be impacted by the 
                regulation;
                    ``(B) an explanation of how the entities described 
                in subparagraph (A) may cover the cost of the burden 
                assessed under subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(C) the proposed regulation, which thoroughly 
                addresses, based on the comments received during the 
                comment and review period under paragraph (3), whether 
                the rule is financially, operationally, and 
                educationally viable at the local level.
    ``(d) Limitation.--Regulations to carry out this title may not 
require local programs to follow a particular instructional model, such 
as the provision of services outside the regular classroom or school 
program.

``SEC. 1402. AGREEMENTS AND RECORDS.

    ``(a) Agreements.--In the case in which a negotiated rule making 
process is established under subsection (b) of section 1401, all 
published proposed regulations shall conform to agreements that result 
from the rulemaking described in section 1401 unless the Secretary 
reopens the negotiated rulemaking process.
    ``(b) Records.--The Secretary shall ensure that an accurate and 
reliable record of agreements reached during the negotiations process 
is maintained.

``SEC. 1403. STATE ADMINISTRATION.

    ``(a) Rulemaking.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives funds under 
        this title shall--
                    ``(A) ensure that any State rules, regulations, and 
                policies relating to this title conform to the purposes 
                of this title and provide any such proposed rules, 
                regulations, and policies to the committee of 
                practitioners created under subsection (b) for review 
                and comment;
                    ``(B) minimize such rules, regulations, and 
                policies to which the State's local educational 
                agencies and schools are subject;
                    ``(C) eliminate or modify State and local fiscal 
                accounting requirements in order to facilitate the 
                ability of schools to consolidate funds under 
                schoolwide programs;
                    ``(D) identify any such rule, regulation, or policy 
                as a State-imposed requirement; and
                    ``(E)(i) identify any duplicative or contrasting 
                requirements between the State and Federal rules or 
                regulations;
                    ``(ii) eliminate the rules and regulations that are 
                duplicative of Federal requirements; and
                    ``(iii) report any conflicting requirements to the 
                Secretary and determine which Federal or State rule or 
                regulation shall be followed.
            ``(2) Support and facilitation.--State rules, regulations, 
        and policies under this title shall support and facilitate 
        local educational agency and school-level systemic reform 
        designed to enable all children to meet the State academic 
        standards.
    ``(b) Committee of Practitioners.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State educational agency that 
        receives funds under this title shall create a State committee 
        of practitioners to advise the State in carrying out its 
        responsibilities under this title.
            ``(2) Membership.--Each such committee shall include--
                    ``(A) as a majority of its members, representatives 
                from local educational agencies;
                    ``(B) administrators, including the administrators 
                of programs described in other parts of this title;
                    ``(C) teachers from public charter schools, 
                traditional public schools, and career and technical 
                educators;
                    ``(D) parents;
                    ``(E) members of local school boards;
                    ``(F) representatives of public charter school 
                authorizers;
                    ``(G) public charter school leaders;
                    ``(H) representatives of private school children; 
                and
                    ``(I) specialized instructional support personnel.
            ``(3) Duties.--The duties of such committee shall include a 
        review, before publication, of any proposed or final State rule 
        or regulation pursuant to this title. In an emergency situation 
        where such rule or regulation must be issued within a very 
        limited time to assist local educational agencies with the 
        operation of the program under this title, the State 
        educational agency may issue a regulation without prior 
        consultation, but shall immediately thereafter convene the 
        State committee of practitioners to review the emergency 
        regulation before issuance in final form.

``SEC. 1404. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION ON EQUALIZED SPENDING.

    ``Nothing in this title shall be construed to mandate equalized 
spending per pupil for a State, local educational agency, or school.''.

            TITLE II--TEACHER PREPARATION AND EFFECTIVENESS

SEC. 201. TEACHER PREPARATION AND EFFECTIVENESS.

    (a) Heading.--The title heading for title II (20 U.S.C. 6601 et 
seq.) is amended to read as follows:

          ``TITLE II--TEACHER PREPARATION AND EFFECTIVENESS''.

    (b) Part A.--Part A of title II (20 U.S.C. 6601 et seq.) is amended 
to read as follows:

               ``PART A--SUPPORTING EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTION

``SEC. 2101. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to provide grants to State 
educational agencies and subgrants to local educational agencies to--
            ``(1) increase student achievement consistent with State 
        academic standards under section 1111(b)(1);
            ``(2) improve teacher and school leader effectiveness in 
        classrooms and schools, respectively;
            ``(3) provide evidence-based, job-embedded, continuous 
        professional development; and
            ``(4) if a State educational agency or local educational 
        agency so chooses, develop and implement teacher evaluation 
        systems that use, in part, student achievement data to 
        determine teacher effectiveness.

                     ``Subpart 1--Grants to States

``SEC. 2111. ALLOTMENTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) In General.--Of the amounts appropriated under section 3(b), 
the Secretary shall reserve 75 percent to make grants to States with 
applications approved under section 2112 to pay for the Federal share 
of the cost of carrying out the activities specified in section 2113. 
Each grant shall consist of the allotment determined for a State under 
subsection (b).
    ``(b) Determination of Allotments.--
            ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the amount reserved under 
        subsection (a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
                    ``(A) not more than 1 percent to carry out national 
                activities under section 2132;
                    ``(B) one-half of 1 percent for allotments to 
                outlying areas on the basis of their relative need, as 
                determined by the Secretary, in accordance with the 
                purpose of this part; and
                    ``(C) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of 
                the Interior for programs under this part in schools 
                operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education.
            ``(2) State allotments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), 
                from the funds reserved under subsection (a) for any 
                fiscal year and not reserved under paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary shall allot to each State the sum of--
                            ``(i) an amount that bears the same 
                        relationship to 50 percent of the funds as the 
                        number of individuals age 5 through 17 in the 
                        State, as determined by the Secretary on the 
                        basis of the most recent satisfactory data, 
                        bears to the number of those individuals in all 
                        such States, as so determined; and
                            ``(ii) an amount that bears the same 
                        relationship to 50 percent of the funds as the 
                        number of individuals age 5 through 17 from 
                        families with incomes below the poverty line in 
                        the State, as determined by the Secretary on 
                        the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, 
                        bears to the number of those individuals in all 
                        such States, as so determined.
                    ``(B) Small state minimum.--No State receiving an 
                allotment under subparagraph (A) may receive less than 
                one-half of 1 percent of the total amount of funds 
                allotted under such subparagraph for a fiscal year.
                    ``(C) Applicability.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subparagraph (A) shall 
                        not apply with respect to a fiscal year unless 
                        the Secretary certifies in writing to Congress 
                        for that fiscal year that the amount of funds 
                        allotted under subparagraph (A) to local 
                        educational agencies that serve a high 
                        percentage of students from families with 
                        incomes below the poverty line is not less than 
                        the amount allotted to such local educational 
                        agencies for fiscal year 2013.
                            ``(ii) Special rule.--For a fiscal year for 
                        which subparagraph (A) does not apply, the 
                        Secretary shall allocate to each State the 
                        funds described in subparagraph (A) according 
                        to the formula set forth in subsection 
                        (b)(2)(B)(i) of this section as in effect on 
                        the day before the date of enactment of the 
                        Student Success Act.
    ``(c) Reallotment.--If a State does not apply for an allotment 
under this section for any fiscal year or only a portion of the State's 
allotment is allotted under subsection (c), the Secretary shall reallot 
the State's entire allotment or the remaining portion of its allotment, 
as the case may be, to the remaining States in accordance with 
subsection (b).

``SEC. 2112. STATE APPLICATION.

    ``(a) In General.--For a State to be eligible to receive a grant 
under this subpart, the State educational agency shall submit an 
application to the Secretary at such time and in such a manner as the 
Secretary may reasonably require, which shall include the following:
            ``(1) A description of how the State educational agency 
        will meet the requirements of this subpart.
            ``(2) A description of how the State educational agency 
        will use a grant received under section 2111, including the 
        grant funds the State will reserve for State-level activities 
        under section 2113(a)(2).
            ``(3) A description of how the State educational agency 
        will facilitate the sharing of evidence-based and other 
        effective strategies among local educational agencies.
            ``(4) A description of how, and under what timeline, the 
        State educational agency will allocate subgrants under subpart 
        2 to local educational agencies.
            ``(5) If applicable, a description of how the State 
        educational agency will work with local educational agencies in 
        the State to develop or implement a teacher or school leader 
        evaluation system.
            ``(6) An assurance that the State educational agency will 
        comply with section 5501 (regarding participation by private 
        school children and teachers).
    ``(b) Deemed Approval.--An application submitted by a State 
educational agency under subsection (a) shall be deemed to be approved 
by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a written determination, 
prior to the expiration of the 120-day period beginning on the date on 
which the Secretary received the application, that the application is 
not in compliance with this subpart.
    ``(c) Disapproval.--The Secretary shall not finally disapprove an 
application, except after giving the State educational agency notice 
and an opportunity for a hearing.
    ``(d) Notification.--If the Secretary finds that an application is 
not in compliance, in whole or in part, with this subpart, the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) give the State educational agency notice and an 
        opportunity for a hearing; and
            ``(2) notify the State educational agency of the finding of 
        noncompliance and, in such notification, shall--
                    ``(A) cite the specific provisions in the 
                application that are not in compliance; and
                    ``(B) request additional information, only as to 
                the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the 
                application compliant.
    ``(e) Response.--If a State educational agency responds to a 
notification from the Secretary under subsection (d)(2) during the 45-
day period beginning on the date on which the agency received the 
notification, and resubmits the application with the requested 
information described in subsection (d)(2)(B), the Secretary shall 
approve or disapprove such application prior to the later of--
            ``(1) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the 
        date on which the application is resubmitted; or
            ``(2) the expiration of the 120-day period described in 
        subsection (b).
    ``(f) Failure To Respond.--If a State educational agency does not 
respond to a notification from the Secretary under subsection (d)(2) 
during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the agency 
received the notification, such application shall be deemed to be 
disapproved.

``SEC. 2113. STATE USE OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) In General.--A State educational agency that receives a grant 
under section 2111 shall--
            ``(1) reserve 95 percent of the grant funds to make 
        subgrants to local educational agencies under subpart 2; and
            ``(2) use the remainder of the funds, after reserving funds 
        under paragraph (1), for the State activities described in 
        subsection (b), except that the State may reserve not more than 
        1 percent of the grant funds for planning and administration 
        related to carrying out activities described in subsection (b).
    ``(b) State-Level Activities.--A State educational agency that 
receives a grant under section 2111--
            ``(1) shall use the amount described in subsection (a)(2) 
        to fulfill the State educational agency's responsibilities with 
        respect to the proper and efficient administration of the 
        subgrant program carried out under this part; and
            ``(2) may use the amount described in subsection (a)(2) 
        to--
                    ``(A) provide training and technical assistance to 
                local educational agencies on--
                            ``(i) in the case of a State educational 
                        agency not implementing a statewide teacher 
                        evaluation system--
                                    ``(I) the development and 
                                implementation of a teacher evaluation 
                                system; and
                                    ``(II) training school leaders in 
                                using such evaluation system; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a State educational 
                        agency implementing a statewide teacher 
                        evaluation system, implementing such evaluation 
                        system;
                    ``(B) disseminate and share evidence-based and 
                other effective practices, including practices 
                consistent with the principles of effectiveness 
                described in section 2222(b), related to teacher and 
                school leader effectiveness and professional 
                development;
                    ``(C) provide professional development for teachers 
                and school leaders in the State consistent with section 
                2123(6); and
                    ``(D) provide training and technical assistance to 
                local educational agencies on--
                            ``(i) in the case of a State educational 
                        agency not implementing a statewide school 
                        leader evaluation system, the development and 
                        implementation of a school leader evaluation 
                        system; and
                            ``(ii) in the case of a State educational 
                        agency implementing a statewide school leader 
                        evaluation system, implementing such evaluation 
                        system.

          ``Subpart 2--Subgrants to Local Educational Agencies

``SEC. 2121. ALLOCATIONS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    ``(a) In General.--Each State receiving a grant under section 2111 
shall use the funds reserved under section 2113(a)(1) to award 
subgrants to local educational agencies under this section.
    ``(b) Allocation of Funds.--From the funds reserved by a State 
under section 2113(a)(1), the State educational agency shall allocate 
to each local educational agency in the State the sum of--
            ``(1) an amount that bears the same relationship to 50 
        percent of the funds as the number of individuals age 5 through 
        17 in the geographic area served by the local educational 
        agency, as determined by the State on the basis of the most 
        recent satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
        individuals in the geographic areas served by all the local 
        educational agencies in the State, as so determined; and
            ``(2) an amount that bears the same relationship to 50 
        percent of the funds as the number of individuals age 5 through 
        17 from families with incomes below the poverty line in the 
        geographic area served by the local educational agency, as 
        determined by the State on the basis of the most recent 
        satisfactory data, bears to the number of those individuals in 
        the geographic areas served by all the local educational 
        agencies in the State, as so determined.

``SEC. 2122. LOCAL APPLICATIONS.

    ``To be eligible to receive a subgrant under this subpart, a local 
educational agency shall submit an application to the State educational 
agency involved at such time, in such a manner, and containing such 
information as the State educational agency may reasonably require 
that, at a minimum, shall include the following:
            ``(1) A description of--
                    ``(A) how the local educational agency will meet 
                the requirements of this subpart;
                    ``(B) how the activities to be carried out by the 
                local educational agency under this subpart will be 
                evidence-based, improve student academic achievement, 
                and improve teacher and school leader effectiveness;
                    ``(C) if applicable, how, the local educational 
                agency will work with parents, teachers, school 
                leaders, and other staff of the schools served by the 
                local educational agency in developing and implementing 
                a teacher evaluation system; and
            ``(2) If applicable, a description of how the local 
        educational agency will develop and implement a teacher or 
        school leader evaluation system.
            ``(3) An assurance that the local educational agency will 
        comply with section 5501 (regarding participation by private 
        school children and teachers).

``SEC. 2123. LOCAL USE OF FUNDS.

    ``A local educational agency receiving a subgrant under this 
subpart may use such funds for--
            ``(1) the development and implementation of a teacher 
        evaluation system that may--
                    ``(A) use student achievement data derived from a 
                variety of sources as a significant factor in 
                determining a teacher's evaluation, with the weight 
                given to such data defined by the local educational 
                agency;
                    ``(B) use multiple measures of evaluation for 
                evaluating teachers;
                    ``(C) have more than 2 categories for rating the 
                performance of teachers;
                    ``(D) be used to make personnel decisions, as 
                determined by the local educational agency; and
                    ``(E) be based on input from parents, school 
                leaders, teachers, and other staff of schools served by 
                the local educational agency.
            ``(2) in the case of a local educational agency located in 
        a State implementing a statewide teacher evaluation system, 
        implementing such evaluation system;
            ``(3) the training of school leaders or other individuals 
        for the purpose of evaluating teachers or school leaders under 
        a teacher or school leader evaluation system, as appropriate;
            ``(4) in the case of a local educational agency located in 
        a State implementing a statewide school leader evaluation 
        system, to implement such evaluation system;
            ``(5) in the case of a local educational agency located in 
        a State not implementing a statewide school leader evaluation 
        system, the development and implementation of a school leader 
        evaluation system;
            ``(6) professional development for teachers and school 
        leaders that is evidence-based, job-embedded, and continuous, 
        such as--
                    ``(A) subject-based professional development for 
                teachers, including for teachers of civic education, 
                including for teachers of computer science and other 
                science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                subjects;
                    ``(B) professional development aligned with the 
                State's academic standards;
                    ``(C) professional development to assist teachers 
                in meeting the needs of students with different 
                learning styles, particularly students with 
                disabilities, English learners, and gifted and talented 
                students;
                    ``(D) professional development for teachers or 
                school leaders identified as in need of additional 
                support through data provided by a teacher or school 
                leader evaluation system, as appropriate;
                    ``(E) professional development based on the current 
                science of learning, which includes research on 
                positive brain change and cognitive skill development;
                    ``(F) professional development for school leaders, 
                including evidence-based mentorship programs for such 
                leaders;
                    ``(G) professional development on integrated, 
                interdisciplinary, and project-based teaching 
                strategies, including for career and technical 
                education teachers and teachers of computer science and 
                other science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                subjects; or
                    ``(H) professional development on teaching dual 
                credit, dual enrollment, Advanced Placement, or 
                International Baccalaureate postsecondary-level courses 
                to secondary school students;
            ``(7) partnering with a public or private organization or a 
        consortium of such organizations to develop and implement a 
        teacher evaluation system described in subparagraph (A) or (B) 
        of paragraph (1), or to administer professional development, as 
        appropriate;
            ``(8) any activities authorized under section 2222(a); or
            ``(9) class size reduction, except that the local 
        educational agency may use not more than 10 percent of such 
        funds for this purpose.

                    ``Subpart 3--General Provisions

``SEC. 2131. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    ``(a) Local Educational Agencies.--Each local educational agency 
receiving a subgrant under subpart 2 shall submit to the State 
educational agency involved, on an annual basis until the last year in 
which the local educational agency receives such subgrant funds, a 
report on--
            ``(1) how the local educational agency is meeting the 
        purposes of this part described in section 2101;
            ``(2) how the local educational agency is using such 
        subgrant funds;
            ``(3) in the case of a local educational agency 
        implementing a teacher or school leader evaluation system, the 
        results of such evaluation system, except that such report 
        shall not reveal personally identifiable information about an 
        individual teacher or school leader; and
            ``(4) any such other information as the State educational 
        agency may require.
    ``(b) State Educational Agencies.--Each State educational agency 
receiving a grant under subpart 1 shall submit to the Secretary a 
report, on an annual basis until the last year in which the State 
educational agency receives such grant funds, on--
            ``(1) how the State educational agency is meeting the 
        purposes of this part described in section 2101; and
            ``(2) how the State educational agency is using such grant 
        funds.

``SEC. 2132. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``From the funds reserved by the Secretary under section 
2111(b)(1)(A), the Secretary shall, directly or through grants and 
contracts--
            ``(1) provide technical assistance to States and local 
        educational agencies in carrying out activities under this 
        part; and
            ``(2) acting through the Institute of Education Sciences, 
        conduct national evaluations of activities carried out by State 
        educational agencies and local educational agencies under this 
        part.

``SEC. 2133. STATE DEFINED.

    ``In this part, the term `State' means each of the 50 States, the 
District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.''.
    (c) Part B.--Part B of title II (20 U.S.C. 6661 et seq.) is amended 
to read as follows:

           ``PART B--TEACHER AND SCHOOL LEADER FLEXIBLE GRANT

``SEC. 2201. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to improve student academic 
achievement by--
            ``(1) supporting all State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, schools, teachers, and school leaders to 
        pursue innovative and evidence-based practices to help all 
        students meet the State's academic standards; and
            ``(2) increasing the number of teachers and school leaders 
        who are effective in increasing student academic achievement.

                 ``Subpart 1--Formula Grants to States

``SEC. 2211. STATE ALLOTMENTS.

    ``(a) Reservations.--From the amount appropriated under section 
3(b) for any fiscal year, the Secretary--
            ``(1) shall reserve 25 percent to award grants to States 
        under this subpart; and
            ``(2) of the amount reserved under paragraph (1), shall 
        reserve--
                    ``(A) not more than 1 percent for national 
                activities described in section 2233;
                    ``(B) one-half of 1 percent for allotments to 
                outlying areas on the basis of their relative need, as 
                determined by the Secretary, in accordance with the 
                purpose of this part; and
                    ``(C) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of 
                the Interior for programs under this part in schools 
                operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education.
    ``(b) State Allotments.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the total amount reserved under 
        subsection (a)(1) for each fiscal year and not reserved under 
        subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection (a)(2), the 
        Secretary shall allot, and make available in accordance with 
        this section, to each State an amount that bears the same ratio 
        to such sums as the school-age population of the State bears to 
        the school-age population of all States.
            ``(2) Small state minimum.--No State receiving an allotment 
        under paragraph (1) may receive less than one-half of 1 percent 
        of the total amount allotted under such paragraph.
            ``(3) Reallotment.--If a State does not receive an 
        allotment under this subpart for a fiscal year, the Secretary 
        shall reallot the amount of the State's allotment to the 
        remaining States in accordance with this section.
    ``(c) State Application.--In order to receive an allotment under 
this section for any fiscal year, a State shall submit an application 
to the Secretary, at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
reasonably require. Such application shall--
            ``(1) designate the State educational agency as the agency 
        responsible for the administration and supervision of programs 
        assisted under this part;
            ``(2) describe how the State educational agency will use 
        funds received under this section for State level activities 
        described in subsection (d)(3);
            ``(3) describe the procedures and criteria the State 
        educational agency will use for reviewing applications and 
        awarding subgrants in a timely manner to eligible entities 
        under section 2221 on a competitive basis;
            ``(4) describe how the State educational agency will ensure 
        that subgrants made under section 2221 are of sufficient size 
        and scope to support effective programs that will help increase 
        academic achievement in the classroom and are consistent with 
        the purposes of this part;
            ``(5) describe the steps the State educational agency will 
        take to ensure that eligible entities use subgrants received 
        under section 2221 to carry out programs that implement 
        effective strategies, including by providing ongoing technical 
        assistance and training, and disseminating evidence-based and 
        other effective strategies to such eligible entities;
            ``(6) describe how programs under this part will be 
        coordinated with other programs under this Act; and
            ``(7) include an assurance that, other than providing 
        technical and advisory assistance and monitoring compliance 
        with this part, the State educational agency has not exercised, 
        and will not exercise, any influence in the decision-making 
        processes of eligible entities as to the expenditure of funds 
        made pursuant to an application submitted under section 
        2221(b).
    ``(d) State Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives an allotment 
        under this section shall reserve not less than 92 percent of 
        the amount allotted to such State under subsection (b), for 
        each fiscal year, for subgrants to eligible entities under 
        subpart 2.
            ``(2) State administration.--A State educational agency may 
        reserve not more than 1 percent of the amount made available to 
        the State under subsection (b) for the administrative costs of 
        carrying out such State educational agency's responsibilities 
        under this subpart.
            ``(3) State-level activities.--
                    ``(A) Innovative teacher and school leader 
                activities.--A State educational agency shall reserve 
                not more than 4 percent of the amount made available to 
                the State under subsection (b) to carry out, solely, or 
                in partnership with State agencies of higher education, 
                1 or more of the following activities:
                            ``(i) Reforming teacher and school leader 
                        certification, recertification, licensing, and 
                        tenure systems to ensure that such systems are 
                        rigorous and that--
                                    ``(I) each teacher has the subject 
                                matter knowledge and teaching skills 
                                necessary to help students meet the 
                                State's academic standards; and
                                    ``(II) school leaders have the 
                                instructional leadership skills to help 
                                teachers instruct and students learn.
                            ``(ii) Improving the quality of teacher 
                        preparation programs within the State, 
                        including through the use of appropriate 
                        student achievement data and other factors to 
                        evaluate the quality of teacher preparation 
                        programs within the State.
                            ``(iii) Carrying out programs that 
                        establish, expand, or improve alternative 
                        routes for State certification or licensure of 
                        teachers and school leaders, including such 
                        programs for--
                                    ``(I) mid-career professionals from 
                                other occupations, including computer 
                                science and other science, technology, 
                                engineering, and math fields;
                                    ``(II) former military personnel; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) recent graduates of an 
                                institution of higher education, with a 
                                record of academic distinction, who 
                                demonstrate the potential to become 
                                effective teachers or school leaders.
                            ``(iv) Developing, or assisting eligible 
                        entities in developing--
                                    ``(I) performance-based pay systems 
                                for teachers and school leaders;
                                    ``(II) strategies that provide 
                                differential, incentive, or bonus pay 
                                for teachers and school leaders; or
                                    ``(III) teacher and school leader 
                                advancement initiatives that promote 
                                professional growth and emphasize 
                                multiple career paths and pay 
                                differentiation.
                            ``(v) Developing, or assisting eligible 
                        entities in developing, new, evidence-based 
                        teacher and school leader induction and 
                        mentoring programs that are designed to--
                                    ``(I) improve instruction and 
                                student academic achievement; and
                                    ``(II) increase the retention of 
                                effective teachers and school leaders.
                            ``(vi) Providing professional development 
                        for teachers and school leaders that is focused 
                        on improving teaching and student academic 
                        achievement, including for students with 
                        different learning styles, particularly 
                        students with disabilities, English learners, 
                        gifted and talented students, and other special 
                        populations.
                            ``(vii) Providing training and technical 
                        assistance to eligible entities that receive a 
                        subgrant under section 2221.
                            ``(viii) Other activities identified by the 
                        State educational agency that meet the purposes 
                        of this part, including those activities 
                        authorized under subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Teacher or school leader preparation 
                academies.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In the case of a State 
                        in which teacher or school leader preparation 
                        academies are allowable under State law, a 
                        State educational agency may reserve not more 
                        than 3 percent of the amount made available to 
                        the State under subsection (b) to support the 
                        establishment or expansion of one or more 
                        teacher or school leader preparation academies 
                        and, subject to the limitation under clause 
                        (iii), to support State authorizers for such 
                        academies.
                            ``(ii) Matching requirement.--A State 
                        educational agency shall not provide funds 
                        under this subparagraph to support the 
                        establishment or expansion of a teacher or 
                        school leader preparation academy unless the 
                        academy agrees to provide, either directly or 
                        through private contributions, non-Federal 
                        matching funds equal to not less than 10 
                        percent of the amount of the funds the academy 
                        will receive under this subparagraph.
                            ``(iii) Funding for state authorizers.--Not 
                        more than 5 percent of funds provided to a 
                        teacher or school leader preparation academy 
                        under this subparagraph may be used to support 
                        activities of State authorizers for such 
                        academy.

``SEC. 2212. APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF STATE APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Deemed Approval.--An application submitted by a State 
pursuant to section 2211(c) shall be deemed to be approved by the 
Secretary unless the Secretary makes a written determination, prior to 
the expiration of the 120-day period beginning on the date on which the 
Secretary received the application, that the application is not in 
compliance with section 2211(c).
    ``(b) Disapproval Process.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall not finally 
        disapprove an application submitted under section 2211(c), 
        except after giving the State educational agency notice and an 
        opportunity for a hearing.
            ``(2) Notification.--If the Secretary finds that an 
        application is not in compliance, in whole or in part, with 
        section 2211(c) the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) give the State educational agency notice and 
                an opportunity for a hearing; and
                    ``(B) notify the State educational agency of the 
                finding of noncompliance and, in such notification, 
                shall--
                            ``(i) cite the specific provisions in the 
                        application that are not in compliance; and
                            ``(ii) request additional information, only 
                        as to the noncompliant provisions, needed to 
                        make the application compliant.
            ``(3) Response.--If a State educational agency responds to 
        a notification from the Secretary under paragraph (2)(B) during 
        the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the State 
        educational agency received the notification, and resubmits the 
        application with the requested information described in 
        paragraph (2)(B)(ii), the Secretary shall approve or disapprove 
        such application prior to the later of--
                    ``(A) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning 
                on the date on which the application is resubmitted; or
                    ``(B) the expiration of the 120-day period 
                described in subsection (a).
            ``(4) Failure to respond.--If the State educational agency 
        does not respond to a notification from the Secretary under 
        paragraph (2)(B) during the 45-day period beginning on the date 
        on which the State educational agency received the 
        notification, such application shall be deemed to be 
        disapproved.

              ``Subpart 2--Local Competitive Grant Program

``SEC. 2221. LOCAL COMPETITIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--A State that receives an allotment under section 
2211(b) for a fiscal year shall use the amount reserved under section 
2211(d)(1) to award subgrants, on a competitive basis, to eligible 
entities in accordance with this section to enable such entities to 
carry out the programs and activities described in section 2222.
    ``(b) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a subgrant 
        under this section, an eligible entity shall submit an 
        application to the State educational agency at such time, in 
        such manner, and including such information as the State 
        educational agency may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) a description of the programs and activities 
                to be funded and how they are consistent with the 
                purposes of this part; and
                    ``(B) an assurance that the eligible entity will 
                comply with section 5501 (regarding participation by 
                private school children and teachers).
    ``(c) Peer Review.--In reviewing applications under this section, a 
State educational agency shall use a peer review process or other 
methods of assuring the quality of such applications but the review 
shall only judge the likelihood of the activity to increase student 
academic achievement. The reviewers shall not make a determination 
based on the policy of the proposed activity.
    ``(d) Geographic Diversity.--A State educational agency shall 
distribute funds under this section equitably among geographic areas 
within the State, including rural, suburban, and urban communities.
    ``(e) Duration of Awards.--A State educational agency may award 
subgrants under this section for a period of not more than 5 years.
    ``(f) Matching.--An eligible entity receiving a subgrant under this 
section shall provide, either directly or through private 
contributions, non-Federal matching funds equal to not less than 10 
percent of the amount of the subgrant.

``SEC. 2222. LOCAL AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity receiving a subgrant under 
section 2221 shall use such subgrant funds to develop, implement, and 
evaluate comprehensive programs and activities, that are in accordance 
with the purpose of this part and--
            ``(1) are consistent with the principles of effectiveness 
        described in subsection (b); and
            ``(2) may include, among other programs and activities--
                    ``(A) developing and implementing initiatives to 
                assist in recruiting, hiring, and retaining highly 
                effective teachers and school leaders, including 
                initiatives that provide--
                            ``(i) differential, incentive, or bonus pay 
                        for teachers and school leaders;
                            ``(ii) performance-based pay systems for 
                        teachers and school leaders;
                            ``(iii) teacher and school leader 
                        advancement initiatives that promote 
                        professional growth and emphasize multiple 
                        career paths and pay differentiation;
                            ``(iv) new teacher and school leader 
                        induction and mentoring programs that are 
                        designed to improve instruction, student 
                        academic achievement, and to increase teacher 
                        and school leader retention; and
                            ``(v) teacher residency programs, and 
                        school leader residency programs, designed to 
                        develop and support new teachers or new school 
                        leaders, respectively;
                    ``(B) supporting the establishment or expansion of 
                teacher or school leader preparation academies under 
                section 2211(d)(3)(B);
                    ``(C) recruiting qualified individuals from other 
                fields, including individuals from computer science and 
                other science, technology, engineering, and math 
                fields, mid-career professionals from other 
                occupations, and former military personnel;
                    ``(D) establishing, improving, or expanding model 
                instructional programs to ensure that all children meet 
                the State's academic standards;
                    ``(E) providing evidence-based, job embedded, 
                continuous professional development for teachers and 
                school leaders focused on improving teaching and 
                student academic achievement;
                    ``(F) implementing programs based on the current 
                science of learning, which includes research on 
                positive brain change and cognitive skill development;
                    ``(G) recruiting and training teachers to teach 
                dual credit, dual enrollment, Advanced Placement, or 
                International Baccalaureate postsecondary-level courses 
                to secondary school students; and
                    ``(H) other activities and programs identified as 
                necessary by the local educational agency that meet the 
                purpose of this part.
    ``(b) Principles of Effectiveness.--For a program or activity 
developed pursuant to this section to meet the principles of 
effectiveness, such program or activity shall--
            ``(1) be based upon an assessment of objective data 
        regarding the need for programs and activities in the 
        elementary schools and secondary schools served to increase the 
        number of teachers and school leaders who are effective in 
        improving student academic achievement;
            ``(2) reflect evidence-based research, or in the absence of 
        a strong research base, reflect effective strategies in the 
        field, that provide evidence that the program or activity will 
        improve student academic achievement; and
            ``(3) include meaningful and ongoing consultation with, and 
        input from, teachers, school leaders, and parents, in the 
        development of the application and administration of the 
        program or activity.

                    ``Subpart 3--General Provisions

``SEC. 2231. PERIODIC EVALUATION.

    ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity and each teacher or school 
leader preparation academy that receives funds under this part shall 
undergo a periodic evaluation by the State educational agency involved 
to assess such entity's or such academy's progress toward achieving the 
purposes of this part.
    ``(b) Use of Results.--The results of an evaluation described in 
subsection (a) of an eligible entity or academy shall be--
            ``(1) used to refine, improve, and strengthen such eligible 
        entity or such academy, respectively; and
            ``(2) made available to the public upon request, with 
        public notice of such availability provided.

``SEC. 2232. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    ``(a) Eligible Entities and Academies.--Each eligible entity and 
each teacher or school leader preparation academy that receives funds 
from a State educational agency under this part shall prepare and 
submit annually to such State educational agency a report that 
includes--
            ``(1) a description of the progress of the eligible entity 
        or teacher or school leader preparation academy, respectively, 
        in meeting the purposes of this part;
            ``(2) a description of the programs and activities 
        conducted by the eligible entity or teacher or school leader 
        preparation academy, respectively, with funds received under 
        this part;
            ``(3) how the eligible entity or teacher or school leader 
        preparation academy, respectively, is using such funds; and
            ``(4) any such other information as the State educational 
        agency may require.
    ``(b) State Educational Agencies.--Each State educational agency 
that receives a grant under this part shall prepare and submit, 
annually, to the Secretary a report that includes--
            ``(1) a description of the programs and activities 
        conducted by the State educational agency with grant funds 
        received under this part;
            ``(2) a description of the progress of the State 
        educational agency in meeting the purposes of this part 
        described in section 2201;
            ``(3) how the State educational agency is using grant funds 
        received under this part;
            ``(4) the methods and criteria the State educational agency 
        used to award subgrants in a timely manner to eligible entities 
        under section 2221 and, if applicable, funds in a timely manner 
        to teacher or school leader academies under section 
        2211(d)(3)(B); and
            ``(5) the results of the periodic evaluations conducted 
        under section 2231.

``SEC. 2233. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``From the funds reserved by the Secretary under section 
2211(a)(2)(A), the Secretary shall, directly or through grants and 
contracts--
            ``(1) provide technical assistance to States and eligible 
        entities in carrying out activities under this part; and
            ``(2) acting through the Institute of Education Sciences, 
        conduct national evaluations of activities carried out by 
        States and eligible entities under this part.

``SEC. 2234. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency or consortium of 
                local educational agencies;
                    ``(B) an institution of higher education or 
                consortium of such institutions in partnership with a 
                local educational agency or consortium of local 
                educational agencies;
                    ``(C) a for-profit organization, a nonprofit 
                organization, or a consortium of for-profit or 
                nonprofit organizations in partnership with a local 
                educational agency or consortium of local educational 
                agencies; or
                    ``(D) a consortium of the entities described in 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C).
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
            ``(3) State authorizer.--The term `State authorizer' means 
        an entity designated by the Governor of a State to authorize 
        teacher or school leader preparation academies within the State 
        that--
                    ``(A) enters into an agreement with a teacher or 
                school leader preparation academy that--
                            ``(i) specifies the goals expected of the 
                        academy, which, at a minimum, include the goals 
                        described in paragraph (4); and
                            ``(ii) does not reauthorize the academy if 
                        such goals are not met; and
                    ``(B) may be a nonprofit organization, a State 
                educational agency, or other public entity, or 
                consortium of such entities (including a consortium of 
                State educational agencies).
            ``(4) Teacher or school leader preparation academy.--The 
        term `teacher or school leader preparation academy' means a 
        public or private entity, or a nonprofit or for-profit 
        organization, which may be an institution of higher education 
        or an organization affiliated with an institution of higher 
        education, that will prepare teachers or school leaders to 
        serve in schools, and that--
                    ``(A) enters into an agreement with a State 
                authorizer that specifies the goals expected of the 
                academy, including--
                            ``(i) a requirement that prospective 
                        teachers or school leaders who are enrolled in 
                        a teacher or school leader preparation academy 
                        receive a significant part of their training 
                        through clinical preparation that partners the 
                        prospective candidate with an effective teacher 
                        or school leader, respectively, with a 
                        demonstrated record of increasing student 
                        achievement, while also receiving concurrent 
                        instruction from the academy in the content 
                        area (or areas) in which the prospective 
                        teacher or school leader will become certified 
                        or licensed;
                            ``(ii) the number of effective teachers or 
                        school leaders, respectively, who will 
                        demonstrate success in increasing student 
                        achievement that the academy will produce; and
                            ``(iii) a requirement that a teacher or 
                        school leader preparation academy will only 
                        award a certificate of completion after the 
                        graduate demonstrates that the graduate is an 
                        effective teacher or school leader, 
                        respectively, with a demonstrated record of 
                        increasing student achievement, except that an 
                        academy may award a provisional certificate for 
                        the period necessary to allow the graduate to 
                        demonstrate such effectiveness;
                    ``(B) does not have restrictions on the methods the 
                academy will use to train prospective teacher or school 
                leader candidates, including--
                            ``(i) obligating (or prohibiting) the 
                        academy's faculty to hold advanced degrees or 
                        conduct academic research;
                            ``(ii) restrictions related to the 
                        academy's physical infrastructure;
                            ``(iii) restrictions related to the number 
                        of course credits required as part of the 
                        program of study;
                            ``(iv) restrictions related to the 
                        undergraduate coursework completed by teachers 
                        teaching or working on alternative 
                        certificates, licenses, or credentials, as long 
                        as such teachers have successfully passed all 
                        relevant State-approved content area 
                        examinations; or
                            ``(v) restrictions related to obtaining 
                        accreditation from an accrediting body for 
                        purposes of becoming an academy;
                    ``(C) limits admission to its program to 
                prospective teacher or school leader candidates who 
                demonstrate strong potential to improve student 
                achievement, based on a rigorous selection process that 
                reviews a candidate's prior academic achievement or 
                record of professional accomplishment; and
                    ``(D) results in a certificate of completion that 
                the State may recognize as at least the equivalent of a 
                master's degree in education for the purposes of 
                hiring, retention, compensation, and promotion in the 
                State.
            ``(5) Teacher residency program.--The term `teacher 
        residency program' means a school-based teacher preparation 
        program in which a prospective teacher--
                    ``(A) for one academic year, teaches alongside an 
                effective teacher, as determined by a teacher 
                evaluation system implemented under part A, who is the 
                teacher of record;
                    ``(B) receives concurrent instruction during the 
                year described in subparagraph (A) from the partner 
                institution (as defined in section 200 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1021)), which courses 
                may be taught by local educational agency personnel or 
                residency program faculty, in the teaching of the 
                content area in which the teacher will become certified 
                or licensed; and
                    ``(C) acquires effective teaching skills.''.
    (d) Part C.--Part C of title II (20 U.S.C. 6671 et seq.) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subparts 1 through 4;
            (2) by striking the heading relating to subpart 5;
            (3) by striking sections 2361 and 2368;
            (4) in section 2362, by striking ``principals'' and 
        inserting ``school leaders'';
            (5) in section 2363(6)(A), by striking ``principal'' and 
        inserting ``school leader'';
            (6) in section 2366(b), by striking ``ate law'' and 
        inserting ``(3) A State law'';
            (7) by redesignating section 2362 as section 2361;
            (8) by redesignating sections 2364 through 2367 as sections 
        2362 through 2365, respectively; and
            (9) by redesignating section 2363 as section 2366 and 
        transferring such section to appear after section 2365 (as so 
        redesignated).
    (e) Part D.--Part D of title II (20 U.S.C. 6751 et seq.) is amended 
to read as follows:

                      ``PART D--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 2401. INCLUSION OF CHARTER SCHOOLS.

    ``In this title, the term `local educational agency' includes a 
charter school (as defined in section 5101) that, in the absence of 
this section, would not have received funds under this title.

``SEC. 2402. PARENTS' RIGHT TO KNOW.

    ``At the beginning of each school year, a local educational agency 
that receives funds under this title shall notify the parents of each 
student attending any school receiving funds under this title that the 
parents may request, and the agency will provide the parents on request 
(and in a timely manner), information regarding the professional 
qualifications of the student's classroom teachers.

``SEC. 2403. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Funds received under this title shall be used to supplement, and 
not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be used for 
activities authorized under this title.''.

SEC. 202. CONFORMING REPEALS.

    (a) Conforming Repeals.--Title II of the Higher Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 1021 et seq.) is amended by repealing sections 201 
through 204.
    (b) Effective Date.--The repeals made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect October 1, 2013.

          TITLE III--PARENTAL ENGAGEMENT AND LOCAL FLEXIBILITY

SEC. 301. PARENTAL ENGAGEMENT AND LOCAL FLEXIBILITY.

    Title III (20 U.S.C. 6801 et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

         ``TITLE III--PARENTAL ENGAGEMENT AND LOCAL FLEXIBILITY

                     ``PART A--PARENTAL ENGAGEMENT

                  ``Subpart 1--Charter School Program

``SEC. 3101. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this subpart to--
            ``(1) improve the United States education system and 
        educational opportunities for all Americans by supporting 
        innovation in public education in public school settings that 
        prepare students to compete and contribute to the global 
        economy;
            ``(2) provide financial assistance for the planning, 
        program design, and initial implementation of charter schools;
            ``(3) expand the number of high-quality charter schools 
        available to students across the Nation;
            ``(4) evaluate the impact of such schools on student 
        achievement, families, and communities, and share best 
        practices between charter schools and other public schools;
            ``(5) encourage States to provide support to charter 
        schools for facilities financing in an amount more nearly 
        commensurate to the amount the States have typically provided 
        for traditional public schools;
            ``(6) improve student services to increase opportunities 
        for students with disabilities, English learners, and other 
        traditionally underserved students to attend charter schools 
        and meet challenging State academic achievement standards; and
            ``(7) support efforts to strengthen the charter school 
        authorizing process to improve performance management, 
        including transparency, monitoring, and evaluation of such 
        schools.

``SEC. 3102. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amounts appropriated under section 
3(c)(1)(A), the Secretary shall carry out a charter school program 
under this subpart that supports charter schools that serve elementary 
school and secondary school students by--
            ``(1) supporting the startup, replication, and expansion of 
        charter schools;
            ``(2) assisting charter schools in accessing credit to 
        acquire and renovate facilities for school use; and
            ``(3) carrying out national activities to support--
                    ``(A) charter school development;
                    ``(B) the dissemination of best practices of 
                charter schools for all schools; and
                    ``(C) the evaluation of the impact of the program 
                on schools participating in the program.
    ``(b) Funding Allotment.--From the amount made available under 
section 3(c)(1)(A) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) reserve 15 percent to support charter school 
        facilities assistance under section 3104;
            ``(2) reserve not more than 5 percent to carry out national 
        activities under section 3105; and
            ``(3) use the remaining amount after the Secretary reserves 
        funds under paragraphs (1) and (2) to carry out section 3103.
    ``(c) Prior Grants and Subgrants.--The recipient of a grant or 
subgrant under this subpart or subpart 2, as such subpart was in effect 
on the day before the date of enactment of the Student Success Act, 
shall continue to receive funds in accordance with the terms and 
conditions of such grant or subgrant.

``SEC. 3103. GRANTS TO SUPPORT HIGH-QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved under section 
3102(b)(3), the Secretary shall award grants to State entities having 
applications approved pursuant to subsection (f) to enable such 
entities to--
            ``(1) award subgrants to eligible applicants for--
                    ``(A) opening new charter schools;
                    ``(B) opening replicable, high-quality charter 
                school models; or
                    ``(C) expanding high-quality charter schools; and
            ``(2) provide technical assistance to eligible applicants 
        and authorized public chartering agencies in carrying out the 
        activities described in paragraph (1) and work with authorized 
        public chartering agencies in the State to improve authorizing 
        quality.
    ``(b) State Uses of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State entity receiving a grant under 
        this section shall--
                    ``(A) use 90 percent of the grant funds to award 
                subgrants to eligible applicants, in accordance with 
                the quality charter school program described in the 
                entity's application approved pursuant to subsection 
                (f), for the purposes described in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (C) of subsection (a)(1); and
                    ``(B) reserve 10 percent of such funds to carry out 
                the activities described in subsection (a)(2), of which 
                not more than 30 percent may be used for administrative 
                costs which may include technical assistance.
            ``(2) Contracts and grants.--A State entity may use a grant 
        received under this section to carry out the activities 
        described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) 
        directly or through grants, contracts, or cooperative 
        agreements.
    ``(c) Program Periods; Peer Review; Grant Number and Amount; 
Diversity of Projects; Waivers.--
            ``(1) Program periods.--
                    ``(A) Grants.--A grant awarded by the Secretary to 
                a State entity under this section shall be for a period 
                of not more than 5 years.
                    ``(B) Subgrants.--A subgrant awarded by a State 
                entity under this section shall be for a period of not 
                more than 3 years, of which an eligible applicant may 
                use not more than 18 months for planning and program 
                design.
            ``(2) Peer review.--The Secretary, and each State entity 
        receiving a grant under this section, shall use a peer review 
        process to review applications for assistance under this 
        section.
            ``(3) Grant number and amount.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that the number of grants awarded under this section and the 
        award amounts will allow for a sufficient number of new grants 
        to be awarded under this section for each succeeding fiscal 
        year.
            ``(4) Diversity of projects.--Each State entity receiving a 
        grant under this section shall award subgrants under this 
        section in a manner that, to the extent possible, ensures that 
        such subgrants--
                    ``(A) are distributed throughout different areas, 
                including urban, suburban, and rural areas; and
                    ``(B) will assist charter schools representing a 
                variety of educational approaches.
            ``(5) Waivers.--The Secretary may waive any statutory or 
        regulatory requirement without requiring the adoption of any 
        unrelated requirements over which the Secretary exercises 
        administrative authority except any such requirement relating 
        to the elements of a charter school described in section 
        5101(3), if--
                    ``(A) the waiver is requested in an approved 
                application under this section; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that granting such a 
                waiver will promote the purpose of this subpart.
    ``(d) Limitations.--
            ``(1) Grants.--A State entity may not receive more than 1 
        grant under this section for a 5-year period.
            ``(2) Subgrants.--An eligible applicant may not receive 
        more than 1 subgrant under this section for an individual 
        charter school for a 3-year period.
    ``(e) Applications.--A State entity desiring to receive a grant 
under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such 
time and in such manner as the Secretary may require. The application 
shall include the following:
            ``(1) Description of program.--A description of the State 
        entity's objectives in running a quality charter school program 
        under this section and how the objectives of the program will 
        be carried out, including a description--
                    ``(A) of how the entity--
                            ``(i) will support both new charter school 
                        startup and the expansion and replication of 
                        high-quality charter school models;
                            ``(ii) will inform eligible charter 
                        schools, developers, and authorized public 
                        chartering agencies of the availability of 
                        funds under the program;
                            ``(iii) will work with eligible applicants 
                        to ensure that the applicants access all 
                        Federal funds that they are eligible to 
                        receive, and help the charter schools supported 
                        by the applicants and the students attending 
                        the charter schools--
                                    ``(I) participate in the Federal 
                                programs in which the schools and 
                                students are eligible to participate; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) receive the commensurate 
                                share of Federal funds the schools and 
                                students are eligible to receive under 
                                such programs;
                            ``(iv) in the case in which the entity is 
                        not a State educational agency--
                                    ``(I) will work with the State 
                                educational agency and the charter 
                                schools in the State to maximize 
                                charter school participation in Federal 
                                and State programs for charter schools; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) will work with the State 
                                educational agency to adequately 
                                operate the entity's program under this 
                                section, where applicable;
                            ``(v) will ensure eligible applicants that 
                        receive a subgrant under the entity's program 
                        are prepared to continue to operate the charter 
                        schools receiving the subgrant funds once the 
                        funds have expired;
                            ``(vi) will support charter schools in 
                        local educational agencies with large numbers 
                        of schools implementing requirements under the 
                        State's school improvement system under section 
                        1111(b)(3)(B)(iii);
                            ``(vii) will work with charter schools to 
                        promote inclusion of all students and support 
                        all students once they are enrolled to promote 
                        retention;
                            ``(viii) will work with charter schools on 
                        recruitment practices, including efforts to 
                        engage groups that may otherwise have limited 
                        opportunities to participate in charter 
                        schools;
                            ``(ix) will share best and promising 
                        practices between charter schools and other 
                        public schools, including, where appropriate, 
                        instruction and professional development in 
                        science, math, technology, and engineering 
                        education;
                            ``(x) will ensure the charter schools 
                        receiving funds under the entity's program can 
                        meet the educational needs of their students, 
                        including students with disabilities and 
                        English learners; and
                            ``(xi) will support efforts to increase 
                        quality initiatives, including meeting the 
                        quality authorizing elements described in 
                        paragraph (2)(E);
                    ``(B) of the extent to which the entity--
                            ``(i) is able to meet and carry out the 
                        priorities listed in subsection (f)(2); and
                            ``(ii) is working to develop or strengthen 
                        a cohesive statewide system to support the 
                        opening of new charter schools and replicable, 
                        high-quality charter school models, and the 
                        expansion of high-quality charter schools;
                    ``(C) of how the entity will carry out the subgrant 
                competition, including--
                            ``(i) a description of the application each 
                        eligible applicant desiring to receive a 
                        subgrant will submit, including--
                                    ``(I) a description of the roles 
                                and responsibilities of eligible 
                                applicants, partner organizations, and 
                                management organizations, including the 
                                administrative and contractual roles 
                                and responsibilities;
                                    ``(II) a description of the quality 
                                controls agreed to between the eligible 
                                applicant and the authorized public 
                                chartering agency involved, such as a 
                                contract or performance agreement, and 
                                how a school's performance in the 
                                State's academic accountability system 
                                will be a primary factor for renewal or 
                                revocation of the school's charter; and
                                    ``(III) a description of how the 
                                eligible applicant will solicit and 
                                consider input from parents and other 
                                members of the community on the 
                                implementation and operation of each 
                                charter school receiving funds under 
                                the entity's program; and
                            ``(ii) a description of how the entity will 
                        review applications;
                    ``(D) in the case of an entity that partners with 
                an outside organization to carry out the entity's 
                quality charter school program, in whole or in part, of 
                the roles and responsibilities of this partner;
                    ``(E) of how the entity will help the charter 
                schools receiving funds under the entity's program 
                consider the transportation needs of the schools' 
                students; and
                    ``(F) of how the entity will support diverse 
                charter school models, including models that serve 
                rural communities.
            ``(2) Assurances.--Assurances, including a description of 
        how the assurances will be met, that--
                    ``(A) each charter school receiving funds under the 
                entity's program will have a high degree of autonomy 
                over budget and operations, including personnel;
                    ``(B) the entity will support charter schools in 
                meeting the educational needs of their students as 
                described in paragraph (1)(A)(x);
                    ``(C) the entity will ensure that the authorized 
                public chartering agency of any charter school that 
                receives funds under the entity's program--
                            ``(i) ensures that each charter school is 
                        meeting the obligations under this Act, part B 
                        of the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                        Act, title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 
                        section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 
                        the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and title 
                        IX of the Education Amendments of 1972;
                            ``(ii) adequately monitors and helps each 
                        charter school in recruiting, enrolling, and 
                        meeting the needs of all students, including 
                        students with disabilities and English 
                        learners; and
                            ``(iii) ensures that each charter school 
                        solicits and considers input from parents and 
                        other members of the community on the 
                        implementation and operation of the school;
                    ``(D) the entity will provide adequate technical 
                assistance to eligible applicants to--
                            ``(i) meet the objectives described in 
                        clauses (vii), (viii), and (x) of paragraph 
                        (1)(A); and
                            ``(ii) enroll traditionally underserved 
                        students, including students with disabilities 
                        and English learners, to promote an inclusive 
                        education environment;
                    ``(E) the entity will promote quality authorizing, 
                such as through providing technical assistance, to 
                support all authorized public chartering agencies in 
                the State to improve the monitoring of their charter 
                schools, including by--
                            ``(i) assessing annual performance data of 
                        the schools, including, as appropriate, 
                        graduation rates and student growth; and
                            ``(ii) reviewing the schools' independent, 
                        annual audits of financial statements conducted 
                        in accordance with generally accepted 
                        accounting principles, and ensuring any such 
                        audits are publically reported;
                    ``(F) the entity will work to ensure that charter 
                schools are included with the traditional public 
                schools in decision-making about the public school 
                system in the State;
                    ``(G) the entity will ensure that each charter 
                school in the State make publicly available, consistent 
                with the dissemination requirements of the annual State 
                report card, the information parents need to make 
                informed decisions about the education options 
                available to their children, including information on 
                the educational program, student support services, and 
                annual performance and enrollment data for the groups 
                of students described in section 1111(b)(3)(B)(ii)(II);
                    ``(H) the entity will ensure that each charter 
                school provides substantive outreach to students from 
                low-income families and other underserved populations 
                in its plans to open new charter schools, replicate 
                high-quality charter school models, or expand existing 
                high-quality charter schools; and
                    ``(I) the entity will allow per pupil revenues to 
                shared between local educational agencies to reflect 
                split student enrollment in 2 or more part-time 
                educational programs operated or authorized by 
                different local educational agencies.
            ``(3) Requests for waivers.--A request and justification 
        for waivers of any Federal statutory or regulatory provisions 
        that the entity believes are necessary for the successful 
        operation of the charter schools that will receive funds under 
        the entity's program under this section, and a description of 
        any State or local rules, generally applicable to public 
        schools, that will be waived, or otherwise not apply to such 
        schools.
    ``(f) Selection Criteria; Priority.--
            ``(1) Selection criteria.--The Secretary shall award grants 
        to State entities under this section on the basis of the 
        quality of the applications submitted under subsection (e), 
        after taking into consideration--
                    ``(A) the degree of flexibility afforded by the 
                State's public charter school law and how the entity 
                will work to maximize the flexibility provided to 
                charter schools under the law;
                    ``(B) the ambitiousness of the entity's objectives 
                for the quality charter school program carried out 
                under this section;
                    ``(C) the quality of the strategy for assessing 
                achievement of those objectives;
                    ``(D) the likelihood that the eligible applicants 
                receiving subgrants under the program will meet those 
                objectives and improve educational results for 
                students;
                    ``(E) the proposed number of new charter schools to 
                be opened, and the proposed number of high-quality 
                charter schools to be replicated or expanded under the 
                program;
                    ``(F) the entity's plan to--
                            ``(i) adequately monitor the eligible 
                        applicants receiving subgrants under the 
                        entity's program; and
                            ``(ii) work with the authorized public 
                        chartering agencies involved to avoid 
                        duplication of work for the charter schools and 
                        authorized public chartering agencies;
                    ``(G) the entity's plan to provide adequate 
                technical assistance, as described in the entity's 
                application under subsection (e), for the eligible 
                applicants receiving subgrants under the entity's 
                program under this section;
                    ``(H) the entity's plan to support quality 
                authorizing efforts in the State, consistent with the 
                objectives described in subparagraph (B); and
                    ``(I) the entity's plan to solicit and consider 
                input from parents and other members of the community 
                on the implementation and operation of the charter 
                schools in the State.
            ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
        Secretary shall give priority to State entities to the extent 
        that they meet the following criteria:
                    ``(A) In the case of a State entity located in a 
                State that allows an entity other than a local 
                educational agency to be an authorized public 
                chartering agency, the State has a quality authorized 
                public chartering agency that is an entity other than a 
                local educational agency.
                    ``(B) The State entity is located in a State that 
                does not impose any limitation on the number or 
                percentage of charter schools that may exist or the 
                number or percentage of students that may attend 
                charter schools in the State.
                    ``(C) The State entity is located in a State that 
                ensures equitable financing, as compared to traditional 
                public schools, for charter schools and students in a 
                prompt manner.
                    ``(D) The State entity is located in a State that 
                uses best practices from charter schools to help 
                improve struggling schools and local educational 
                agencies.
                    ``(E) The State entity partners with an 
                organization that has a demonstrated record of success 
                in developing management organizations to support the 
                development of charter schools in the State.
                    ``(F) The State entity demonstrates quality 
                policies and practices to support and monitor charter 
                schools through factors including--
                            ``(i) the proportion of high-quality 
                        charter schools in the State; and
                            ``(ii) the proportion of charter schools 
                        enrolling, at a rate similar to traditional 
                        public schools, traditionally underserved 
                        students, including students with disabilities 
                        and English learners.
                    ``(G) The State entity supports charter schools 
                that support at-risk students through activities such 
                as dropout prevention or dropout recovery.
                    ``(H) The State entity authorizes all charter 
                schools in the State to serve as school food 
                authorities.
    ``(g) Local Uses of Funds.--An eligible applicant receiving a 
subgrant under this section shall use such funds to open new charter 
schools, open replicable, high-quality charter school models, or expand 
existing high-quality charter schools, which may include: (1) paying 
costs associated with preparing teachers to ensure strong school 
starts; (2) purchasing instructional materials and implementing teacher 
and principal professional development programs; and (3) providing the 
necessary renovations and minor facilities repairs, excluding 
construction, to ensure a strong school opening or to meet the needs of 
increased student enrollment.
    ``(h) Reporting Requirements.--Each State entity receiving a grant 
under this section shall submit to the Secretary, at the end of the 
third year of the 5-year grant period and at the end of such grant 
period, a report on--
            ``(1) the number of students served under each subgrant 
        awarded under this section and, if applicable, how many new 
        students were served during each year of the subgrant period;
            ``(2) the number of subgrants awarded under this section to 
        carry out each of the following--
                    ``(A) the opening of new charter schools;
                    ``(B) the opening of replicable, high-quality 
                charter school models; and
                    ``(C) the expansion of high-quality charter 
                schools;
            ``(3) the progress the entity made toward meeting the 
        priorities described in subsection (f)(2), as applicable;
            ``(4) how the entity met the objectives of the quality 
        charter school program described in the entity's application 
        under subsection (e);
            ``(5) how the entity complied with, and ensured that 
        eligible applicants complied with, the assurances described in 
        the entity's application; and
            ``(6) how the entity worked with authorized public 
        chartering agencies and how such agencies worked with the 
        management company or leadership of the schools that received 
        subgrants under this section.
    ``(i) State Entity Defined.--For purposes of this section, the term 
`State entity' means--
            ``(1) a State educational agency;
            ``(2) a State charter school board;
            ``(3) a Governor of a State; or
            ``(4) a charter support organization.

``SEC. 3104. FACILITIES FINANCING ASSISTANCE.

    ``(a) Grants to Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall not use less than 50 
        percent of the amount reserved under section 3102(b)(1) to 
        award grants to eligible entities that have the highest-quality 
        applications approved under subsection (d), after considering 
        the diversity of such applications, to demonstrate innovative 
        methods of assisting charter schools to address the cost of 
        acquiring, constructing, and renovating facilities by enhancing 
        the availability of loans or bond financing.
            ``(2) Eligible entity defined.--For purposes of this 
        section, the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a public entity, such as a State or local 
                governmental entity;
                    ``(B) a private nonprofit entity; or
                    ``(C) a consortium of entities described in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B).
    ``(b) Grantee Selection.--The Secretary shall evaluate each 
application submitted under subsection (d), and shall determine whether 
the application is sufficient to merit approval.
    ``(c) Grant Characteristics.--Grants under subsection (a) shall be 
of a sufficient size, scope, and quality so as to ensure an effective 
demonstration of an innovative means of enhancing credit for the 
financing of charter school acquisition, construction, or renovation.
    ``(d) Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--To receive a grant under subsection (a), 
        an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an application 
        in such form as the Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--An application submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall contain--
                    ``(A) a statement identifying the activities 
                proposed to be undertaken with funds received under 
                subsection (a), including how the eligible entity will 
                determine which charter schools will receive 
                assistance, and how much and what types of assistance 
                charter schools will receive;
                    ``(B) a description of the involvement of charter 
                schools in the application's development and the design 
                of the proposed activities;
                    ``(C) a description of the eligible entity's 
                expertise in capital market financing;
                    ``(D) a description of how the proposed activities 
                will leverage the maximum amount of private-sector 
                financing capital relative to the amount of Federal, 
                State, or local government funding used and otherwise 
                enhance credit available to charter schools, including 
                how the entity will offer a combination of rates and 
                terms more favorable than the rates and terms that a 
                charter school could receive without assistance from 
                the entity under this section;
                    ``(E) a description of how the eligible entity 
                possesses sufficient expertise in education to evaluate 
                the likelihood of success of a charter school program 
                for which facilities financing is sought; and
                    ``(F) in the case of an application submitted by a 
                State governmental entity, a description of the actions 
                that the entity has taken, or will take, to ensure that 
                charter schools within the State receive the funding 
                the charter schools need to have adequate facilities.
    ``(e) Charter School Objectives.--An eligible entity receiving a 
grant under this section shall use the funds deposited in the reserve 
account established under subsection (f) to assist one or more charter 
schools to access private sector capital to accomplish one or more of 
the following objectives:
            ``(1) The acquisition (by purchase, lease, donation, or 
        otherwise) of an interest (including an interest held by a 
        third party for the benefit of a charter school) in improved or 
        unimproved real property that is necessary to commence or 
        continue the operation of a charter school.
            ``(2) The construction of new facilities, including 
        predevelopment costs, or the renovation, repair, or alteration 
        of existing facilities, necessary to commence or continue the 
        operation of a charter school.
            ``(3) The predevelopment costs required to assess sites for 
        purposes of paragraph (1) or (2) and which are necessary to 
        commence or continue the operation of a charter school.
    ``(f) Reserve Account.--
            ``(1) Use of funds.--To assist charter schools to 
        accomplish the objectives described in subsection (e), an 
        eligible entity receiving a grant under subsection (a) shall, 
        in accordance with State and local law, directly or indirectly, 
        alone or in collaboration with others, deposit the funds 
        received under subsection (a) (other than funds used for 
        administrative costs in accordance with subsection (g)) in a 
        reserve account established and maintained by the eligible 
        entity for this purpose. Amounts deposited in such account 
        shall be used by the eligible entity for one or more of the 
        following purposes:
                    ``(A) Guaranteeing, insuring, and reinsuring bonds, 
                notes, evidences of debt, loans, and interests therein, 
                the proceeds of which are used for an objective 
                described in subsection (e).
                    ``(B) Guaranteeing and insuring leases of personal 
                and real property for an objective described in 
                subsection (e).
                    ``(C) Facilitating financing by identifying 
                potential lending sources, encouraging private lending, 
                and other similar activities that directly promote 
                lending to, or for the benefit of, charter schools.
                    ``(D) Facilitating the issuance of bonds by charter 
                schools, or by other public entities for the benefit of 
                charter schools, by providing technical, 
                administrative, and other appropriate assistance 
                (including the recruitment of bond counsel, 
                underwriters, and potential investors and the 
                consolidation of multiple charter school projects 
                within a single bond issue).
            ``(2) Investment.--Funds received under this section and 
        deposited in the reserve account established under paragraph 
        (1) shall be invested in obligations issued or guaranteed by 
        the United States or a State, or in other similarly low-risk 
        securities.
            ``(3) Reinvestment of earnings.--Any earnings on funds 
        received under subsection (a) shall be deposited in the reserve 
        account established under paragraph (1) and used in accordance 
        with such paragraph.
    ``(g) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--An eligible entity may 
use not more than 2.5 percent of the funds received under subsection 
(a) for the administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities 
under this section (excluding subsection (k)).
    ``(h) Audits and Reports.--
            ``(1) Financial record maintenance and audit.--The 
        financial records of each eligible entity receiving a grant 
        under subsection (a) shall be maintained in accordance with 
        generally accepted accounting principles and shall be subject 
        to an annual audit by an independent public accountant.
            ``(2) Reports.--
                    ``(A) Grantee annual reports.--Each eligible entity 
                receiving a grant under subsection (a) annually shall 
                submit to the Secretary a report of its operations and 
                activities under this section.
                    ``(B) Contents.--Each annual report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            ``(i) a copy of the most recent financial 
                        statements, and any accompanying opinion on 
                        such statements, prepared by the independent 
                        public accountant reviewing the financial 
                        records of the eligible entity;
                            ``(ii) a copy of any report made on an 
                        audit of the financial records of the eligible 
                        entity that was conducted under paragraph (1) 
                        during the reporting period;
                            ``(iii) an evaluation by the eligible 
                        entity of the effectiveness of its use of the 
                        Federal funds provided under subsection (a) in 
                        leveraging private funds;
                            ``(iv) a listing and description of the 
                        charter schools served during the reporting 
                        period, including the amount of funds used by 
                        each school, the type of project facilitated by 
                        the grant, and the type of assistance provided 
                        to the charter schools;
                            ``(v) a description of the activities 
                        carried out by the eligible entity to assist 
                        charter schools in meeting the objectives set 
                        forth in subsection (e); and
                            ``(vi) a description of the characteristics 
                        of lenders and other financial institutions 
                        participating in the activities undertaken by 
                        the eligible entity under this section 
                        (excluding subsection (k)) during the reporting 
                        period.
                    ``(C) Secretarial report.--The Secretary shall 
                review the reports submitted under subparagraph (A) and 
                shall provide a comprehensive annual report to Congress 
                on the activities conducted under this section 
                (excluding subsection (k)).
    ``(i) No Full Faith and Credit for Grantee Obligation.--No 
financial obligation of an eligible entity entered into pursuant to 
this section (such as an obligation under a guarantee, bond, note, 
evidence of debt, or loan) shall be an obligation of, or guaranteed in 
any respect by, the United States. The full faith and credit of the 
United States is not pledged to the payment of funds which may be 
required to be paid under any obligation made by an eligible entity 
pursuant to any provision of this section.
    ``(j) Recovery of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in accordance with 
        chapter 37 of title 31, United States Code, shall collect--
                    ``(A) all of the funds in a reserve account 
                established by an eligible entity under subsection 
                (f)(1) if the Secretary determines, not earlier than 2 
                years after the date on which the eligible entity first 
                received funds under this section (excluding subsection 
                (k)), that the eligible entity has failed to make 
                substantial progress in carrying out the purposes 
                described in subsection (f)(1); or
                    ``(B) all or a portion of the funds in a reserve 
                account established by an eligible entity under 
                subsection (f)(1) if the Secretary determines that the 
                eligible entity has permanently ceased to use all or a 
                portion of the funds in such account to accomplish any 
                purpose described in subsection (f)(1).
            ``(2) Exercise of authority.--The Secretary shall not 
        exercise the authority provided in paragraph (1) to collect 
        from any eligible entity any funds that are being properly used 
        to achieve one or more of the purposes described in subsection 
        (f)(1).
            ``(3)  Procedures.--The provisions of sections 451, 452, 
        and 458 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 
        1234, 1234a, and 1234g) shall apply to the recovery of funds 
        under paragraph (1).
            ``(4) Construction.--This subsection shall not be construed 
        to impair or affect the authority of the Secretary to recover 
        funds under part D of the General Education Provisions Act (20 
        U.S.C. 1234 et seq.).
    ``(k) Per-Pupil Facilities Aid Program.--
            ``(1) Definition of per-pupil facilities aid program.--In 
        this subsection, the term `per-pupil facilities aid program' 
        means a program in which a State makes payments, on a per-pupil 
        basis, to charter schools to provide the schools with 
        financing--
                    ``(A) that is dedicated solely for funding charter 
                school facilities; or
                    ``(B) a portion of which is dedicated for funding 
                charter school facilities.
            ``(2) Grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--From the amount reserved under 
                section 3102(b)(1) and remaining after the Secretary 
                makes grants under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
                make grants, on a competitive basis, to States to pay 
                for the Federal share of the cost of establishing or 
                enhancing, and administering per-pupil facilities aid 
                programs.
                    ``(B) Period.--The Secretary shall award grants 
                under this subsection for periods of not more than 5 
                years.
                    ``(C) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
                described in subparagraph (A) for a per-pupil 
                facilities aid program shall be not more than--
                            ``(i) 90 percent of the cost, for the first 
                        fiscal year for which the program receives 
                        assistance under this subsection;
                            ``(ii) 80 percent in the second such year;
                            ``(iii) 60 percent in the third such year;
                            ``(iv) 40 percent in the fourth such year; 
                        and
                            ``(v) 20 percent in the fifth such year.
                    ``(D) State share.--A State receiving a grant under 
                this subsection may partner with 1 or more 
                organizations to provide up to 50 percent of the State 
                share of the cost of establishing or enhancing, and 
                administering the per-pupil facilities aid program.
                    ``(E) Multiple grants.--A State may receive more 
                than 1 grant under this subsection, so long as the 
                amount of such funds provided to charter schools 
                increases with each successive grant.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives a grant 
                under this subsection shall use the funds made 
                available through the grant to establish or enhance, 
                and administer, a per-pupil facilities aid program for 
                charter schools in the State of the applicant.
                    ``(B) Evaluations; technical assistance; 
                dissemination.--From the amount made available to a 
                State through a grant under this subsection for a 
                fiscal year, the State may reserve not more than 5 
                percent to carry out evaluations, to provide technical 
                assistance, and to disseminate information.
                    ``(C) Supplement, not supplant.--Funds made 
                available under this subsection shall be used to 
                supplement, and not supplant, State, and local public 
                funds expended to provide per pupil facilities aid 
                programs, operations financing programs, or other 
                programs, for charter schools.
            ``(4) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) Voluntary participation.--No State may be 
                required to participate in a program carried out under 
                this subsection.
                    ``(B) State law.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), to be eligible to receive a grant 
                        under this subsection, a State shall establish 
                        or enhance, and administer, a per-pupil 
                        facilities aid program for charter schools in 
                        the State, that--
                                    ``(I) is specified in State law; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) provides annual financing, 
                                on a per-pupil basis, for charter 
                                school facilities.
                            ``(ii) Special rule.--Notwithstanding 
                        clause (i), a State that is required under 
                        State law to provide its charter schools with 
                        access to adequate facility space, but which 
                        does not have a per-pupil facilities aid 
                        program for charter schools specified in State 
                        law, may be eligible to receive a grant under 
                        this subsection if the State agrees to use the 
                        funds to develop a per-pupil facilities aid 
                        program consistent with the requirements of 
                        this subsection.
            ``(5) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
        under this subsection, a State shall submit an application to 
        the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may require.

``SEC. 3105. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved under section 
3102(b)(2), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) use not less than 50 percent of such funds to award 
        grants in accordance with subsection (b); and
            ``(2) use the remainder of such funds to--
                    ``(A) disseminate technical assistance to State 
                entities in awarding subgrants under section 3103, and 
                eligible entities and States receiving grants under 
                section 3104;
                    ``(B) disseminate best practices; and
                    ``(C) evaluate the impact of the charter school 
                program, including the impact on student achievement, 
                carried out under this subpart.
    ``(b)  Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make grants, on a 
        competitive basis, to eligible applicants for the purpose of 
        carrying out the activities described in section 3102(a)(1), 
        subparagraphs (A) through (C) of section 3103(a)(1), and 
        section 3103(g).
            ``(2) Terms and conditions.--Except as otherwise provided 
        in this subsection, grants awarded under this subsection shall 
        have the same terms and conditions as grants awarded to State 
        entities under section 3103.
            ``(3) Eligible applicant defined.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `eligible applicant' means an eligible 
        applicant that desires to open a charter school in--
                    ``(A) a State that did not apply for a grant under 
                section 3103;
                    ``(B) a State that did not receive a grant under 
                section 3103; or
                    ``(C) a State that received a grant under section 
                3103 and is in the 4th or 5th year of the grant period 
                for such grant.
    ``(c) Contracts and Grants.--The Secretary may carry out any of the 
activities described in this section directly or through grants, 
contracts, or cooperative agreements.

``SEC. 3106. FEDERAL FORMULA ALLOCATION DURING FIRST YEAR AND FOR 
              SUCCESSIVE ENROLLMENT EXPANSIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--For purposes of the allocation to schools by the 
States or their agencies of funds under part A of title I, and any 
other Federal funds which the Secretary allocates to States on a 
formula basis, the Secretary and each State educational agency shall 
take such measures as are necessary to ensure that every charter school 
receives the Federal funding for which the charter school is eligible 
not later than 5 months after the charter school first opens, 
notwithstanding the fact that the identity and characteristics of the 
students enrolling in that charter school are not fully and completely 
determined until that charter school actually opens. The measures 
similarly shall ensure that every charter school expanding its 
enrollment in any subsequent year of operation receives the Federal 
funding for which the charter school is eligible not later than 5 
months after such expansion.
    ``(b) Adjustment and Late Openings.--
            ``(1) In general.--The measures described in subsection (a) 
        shall include provision for appropriate adjustments, through 
        recovery of funds or reduction of payments for the succeeding 
        year, in cases where payments made to a charter school on the 
        basis of estimated or projected enrollment data exceed the 
        amounts that the school is eligible to receive on the basis of 
        actual or final enrollment data.
            ``(2) Rule.--For charter schools that first open after 
        November 1 of any academic year, the State, in accordance with 
        guidance provided by the Secretary and applicable Federal 
        statutes and regulations, shall ensure that such charter 
        schools that are eligible for the funds described in subsection 
        (a) for such academic year have a full and fair opportunity to 
        receive those funds during the charter schools' first year of 
        operation.

``SEC. 3107. SOLICITATION OF INPUT FROM CHARTER SCHOOL OPERATORS.

    ``To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall ensure that 
administrators, teachers, and other individuals directly involved in 
the operation of charter schools are consulted in the development of 
any rules, regulations, or nonregulatory guidance required to implement 
this subpart, as well as in the development of any rules, regulations, 
or nonregulatory guidance relevant to charter schools that are required 
to implement part A of title I, the Individuals with Disabilities 
Education Act, or any other program administered by the Secretary that 
provides education funds to charter schools or regulates the activities 
of charter schools.

``SEC. 3108. RECORDS TRANSFER.

    ``State educational agencies and local educational agencies, as 
quickly as possible and to the extent practicable, shall ensure that a 
student's records and, if applicable, a student's individualized 
education program as defined in section 602(14) of the Individuals with 
Disabilities Education Act, are transferred to a charter school upon 
the transfer of the student to the charter school, and to another 
public school upon the transfer of the student from a charter school to 
another public school, in accordance with applicable State law.

``SEC. 3109. PAPERWORK REDUCTION.

    ``To the extent practicable, the Secretary and each authorized 
public chartering agency shall ensure that implementation of this 
subpart results in a minimum of paperwork for any eligible applicant or 
charter school.

``SEC. 3110. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this subpart:
            ``(1) Authorized public chartering agency.--The term 
        `authorized public chartering agency' means a State educational 
        agency, local educational agency, or other public entity that 
        has the authority pursuant to State law and approved by the 
        Secretary to authorize or approve a charter school.
            ``(2) Charter support organization.--The term `charter 
        support organization' means a nonprofit, nongovernmental entity 
        that provides, on a statewide or regional basis--
                    ``(A) assistance to developers during the planning, 
                program design, and initial implementation of a charter 
                school; and
                    ``(B) technical assistance to operate charter 
                schools.
            ``(3) Developer.--The term `developer' means an individual 
        or group of individuals (including a public or private 
        nonprofit organization), which may include teachers, 
        administrators and other school staff, parents, or other 
        members of the local community in which a charter school 
        project will be carried out.
            ``(4) Eligible applicant.--The term `eligible applicant' 
        means a developer that has--
                    ``(A) applied to an authorized public chartering 
                authority to operate a charter school; and
                    ``(B) provided adequate and timely notice to that 
                authority.
            ``(5) Expansion of a high-quality charter school.--The term 
        `expansion of a high-quality charter school' means to 
        significantly increase the enrollment of, or add one or more 
        grades to, a high-quality charter school.
            ``(6) High-quality charter school.--The term `high-quality 
        charter school' means a charter school that--
                    ``(A) shows evidence of strong academic results, 
                which may include strong academic growth as determined 
                by a State;
                    ``(B) has no significant issues in the areas of 
                student safety, financial management, or statutory or 
                regulatory compliance;
                    ``(C) has demonstrated success in significantly 
                increasing student academic achievement and attainment 
                for all students served by the charter school; and
                    ``(D) has demonstrated success in increasing 
                student academic achievement for the groups of students 
                described in section 1111(b)(3)(B)(ii)(II), except that 
                such demonstration is not required in a case in which 
                the number of students in a group is insufficient to 
                yield statistically reliable information or the results 
                would reveal personally identifiable information about 
                an individual student.
            ``(7) Replicable, high-quality charter school model.--The 
        term `replicable, high-quality charter school model' means a 
        high-quality charter school that has the capability of opening 
        another such charter school under an existing charter.

                 ``Subpart 2--Magnet School Assistance

``SEC. 3121. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this subpart is to assist in the desegregation of 
schools served by local educational agencies by providing financial 
assistance to eligible local educational agencies for--
            ``(1) the elimination, reduction, or prevention of minority 
        group isolation in elementary schools and secondary schools 
        with substantial proportions of minority students, which shall 
        include assisting in the efforts of the United States to 
        achieve voluntary desegregation in public schools;
            ``(2) the development and implementation of magnet school 
        programs that will assist local educational agencies in 
        achieving systemic reforms and providing all students the 
        opportunity to meet State academic standards;
            ``(3) the development and design of innovative educational 
        methods and practices that promote diversity and increase 
        choices in public elementary schools and public secondary 
        schools and public educational programs;
            ``(4) courses of instruction within magnet schools that 
        will substantially strengthen the knowledge of academic 
        subjects and the attainment of tangible and marketable career, 
        technical, and professional skills of students attending such 
        schools;
            ``(5) improving the ability of local educational agencies, 
        including through professional development, to continue 
        operating magnet schools at a high performance level after 
        Federal funding for the magnet schools is terminated; and
            ``(6) ensuring that students enrolled in the magnet school 
        programs have equitable access to a quality education that will 
        enable the students to succeed academically and continue with 
        postsecondary education or employment.

``SEC. 3122. DEFINITION.

    ``For the purpose of this subpart, the term `magnet school' means a 
public elementary school, public secondary school, public elementary 
education center, or public secondary education center that offers a 
special curriculum capable of attracting substantial numbers of 
students of different racial backgrounds.

``SEC. 3123. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``From the amount appropriated under section 3(c)(1)(B), the 
Secretary, in accordance with this subpart, is authorized to award 
grants to eligible local educational agencies, and consortia of such 
agencies where appropriate, to carry out the purpose of this subpart 
for magnet schools that are--
            ``(1) part of an approved desegregation plan; and
            ``(2) designed to bring students from different social, 
        economic, ethnic, and racial backgrounds together.

``SEC. 3124. ELIGIBILITY.

    ``A local educational agency, or consortium of such agencies where 
appropriate, is eligible to receive a grant under this subpart to carry 
out the purpose of this subpart if such agency or consortium--
            ``(1) is implementing a plan undertaken pursuant to a final 
        order issued by a court of the United States, or a court of any 
        State, or any other State agency or official of competent 
        jurisdiction, that requires the desegregation of minority-
        group-segregated children or faculty in the elementary schools 
        and secondary schools of such agency; or
            ``(2) without having been required to do so, has adopted 
        and is implementing, or will, if a grant is awarded to such 
        local educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, under 
        this subpart, adopt and implement a plan that has been approved 
        by the Secretary as adequate under title VI of the Civil Rights 
        Act of 1964 for the desegregation of minority-group-segregated 
        children or faculty in such schools.

``SEC. 3125. APPLICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS.

    ``(a) Applications.--An eligible local educational agency, or 
consortium of such agencies, desiring to receive a grant under this 
subpart shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and 
in such manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.
    ``(b) Information and Assurances.--Each application submitted under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            ``(1) a description of--
                    ``(A) how a grant awarded under this subpart will 
                be used to promote desegregation, including how the 
                proposed magnet school programs will increase 
                interaction among students of different social, 
                economic, ethnic, and racial backgrounds;
                    ``(B) the manner and extent to which the magnet 
                school program will increase student academic 
                achievement in the instructional area or areas offered 
                by the school;
                    ``(C) how the applicant will continue the magnet 
                school program after assistance under this subpart is 
                no longer available, and, if applicable, an explanation 
                of why magnet schools established or supported by the 
                applicant with grant funds under this subpart cannot be 
                continued without the use of grant funds under this 
                subpart;
                    ``(D) how grant funds under this subpart will be 
                used--
                            ``(i) to improve student academic 
                        achievement for all students attending the 
                        magnet school programs; and
                            ``(ii) to implement services and activities 
                        that are consistent with other programs under 
                        this Act, and other Acts, as appropriate; and
                    ``(E) the criteria to be used in selecting students 
                to attend the proposed magnet school program; and
            ``(2) assurances that the applicant will--
                    ``(A) use grant funds under this subpart for the 
                purposes specified in section 3121;
                    ``(B) employ effective teachers in the courses of 
                instruction assisted under this subpart;
                    ``(C) not engage in discrimination based on race, 
                religion, color, national origin, sex, or disability 
                in--
                            ``(i) the hiring, promotion, or assignment 
                        of employees of the applicant or other 
                        personnel for whom the applicant has any 
                        administrative responsibility;
                            ``(ii) the assignment of students to 
                        schools, or to courses of instruction within 
                        the schools, of such applicant, except to carry 
                        out the approved plan; and
                            ``(iii) designing or operating 
                        extracurricular activities for students;
                    ``(D) carry out a quality education program that 
                will encourage greater parental decisionmaking and 
                involvement; and
                    ``(E) give students residing in the local 
                attendance area of the proposed magnet school program 
                equitable consideration for placement in the program, 
                consistent with desegregation guidelines and the 
                capacity of the applicant to accommodate the students.
    ``(c) Special Rule.--No grant shall be awarded under this subpart 
unless the Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights determines 
that the assurances described in subsection (b)(2)(C) will be met.

``SEC. 3126. PRIORITY.

    ``In awarding grants under this subpart, the Secretary shall give 
priority to applicants that--
            ``(1) demonstrate the greatest need for assistance, based 
        on the expense or difficulty of effectively carrying out 
        approved desegregation plans and the magnet school program for 
        which the grant is sought;
            ``(2) propose to carry out new magnet school programs, or 
        significantly revise existing magnet school programs;
            ``(3) propose to select students to attend magnet school 
        programs by methods such as lottery, rather than through 
        academic examination; and
            ``(4) propose to serve the entire student population of a 
        school.

``SEC. 3127. USE OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) In General.--Grant funds made available under this subpart 
may be used by an eligible local educational agency, or consortium of 
such agencies--
            ``(1) for planning and promotional activities directly 
        related to the development, expansion, continuation, or 
        enhancement of academic programs and services offered at magnet 
        schools;
            ``(2) for the acquisition of books, materials, and 
        equipment, including computers and the maintenance and 
        operation of materials, equipment, and computers, necessary to 
        conduct programs in magnet schools;
            ``(3) for the compensation, or subsidization of the 
        compensation, of elementary school and secondary school 
        teachers, and instructional staff where applicable, who are 
        necessary to conduct programs in magnet schools;
            ``(4) with respect to a magnet school program offered to 
        less than the entire student population of a school, for 
        instructional activities that--
                    ``(A) are designed to make available the special 
                curriculum that is offered by the magnet school program 
                to students who are enrolled in the school but who are 
                not enrolled in the magnet school program; and
                    ``(B) further the purpose of this subpart;
            ``(5) for activities, which may include professional 
        development, that will build the recipient's capacity to 
        operate magnet school programs once the grant period has ended;
            ``(6) to enable the local educational agency, or consortium 
        of such agencies, to have more flexibility in the 
        administration of a magnet school program in order to serve 
        students attending a school who are not enrolled in a magnet 
        school program; and
            ``(7) to enable the local educational agency, or consortium 
        of such agencies, to have flexibility in designing magnet 
        schools for students in all grades.
    ``(b) Special Rule.--Grant funds under this subpart may be used for 
activities described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (a) only 
if the activities are directly related to improving student academic 
achievement based on the State's academic standards or directly related 
to improving student reading skills or knowledge of mathematics, 
science, history, geography, English, foreign languages, art, or music, 
or to improving career, technical, and professional skills.

``SEC. 3128. LIMITATIONS.

    ``(a) Duration of Awards.--A grant under this subpart shall be 
awarded for a period that shall not exceed 3 fiscal years.
    ``(b) Limitation on Planning Funds.--A local educational agency, or 
consortium of such agencies, may expend for planning (professional 
development shall not be considered to be planning for purposes of this 
subsection) not more than 50 percent of the grant funds received under 
this subpart for the first year of the program and not more than 15 
percent of such funds for each of the second and third such years.
    ``(c) Amount.--No local educational agency, or consortium of such 
agencies, awarded a grant under this subpart shall receive more than 
$4,000,000 under this subpart for any 1 fiscal year.
    ``(d) Timing.--To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall award 
grants for any fiscal year under this subpart not later than July 1 of 
the applicable fiscal year.

``SEC. 3129. EVALUATIONS.

    ``(a) Reservation.--The Secretary may reserve not more than 2 
percent of the funds appropriated under section 3(c)(1)(B) for any 
fiscal year to carry out evaluations, provide technical assistance, and 
carry out dissemination projects with respect to magnet school programs 
assisted under this subpart.
    ``(b) Contents.--Each evaluation described in subsection (a), at a 
minimum, shall address--
            ``(1) how and the extent to which magnet school programs 
        lead to educational quality and academic improvement;
            ``(2) the extent to which magnet school programs enhance 
        student access to a quality education;
            ``(3) the extent to which magnet school programs lead to 
        the elimination, reduction, or prevention of minority group 
        isolation in elementary schools and secondary schools with 
        substantial proportions of minority students; and
            ``(4) the extent to which magnet school programs differ 
        from other school programs in terms of the organizational 
        characteristics and resource allocations of such magnet school 
        programs.
    ``(c) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall collect and disseminate 
to the general public information on successful magnet school programs.

``SEC. 3130. RESERVATION.

    ``In any fiscal year for which the amount appropriated under 
section 3(c)(1)(B) exceeds $75,000,000, the Secretary shall give 
priority in using such amounts in excess of $75,000,000 to awarding 
grants to local educational agencies or consortia of such agencies that 
did not receive a grant under this subpart in the preceding fiscal 
year.

          ``Subpart 3--Family Engagement in Education Programs

``SEC. 3141. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this subpart are the following:
            ``(1) To provide financial support to organizations to 
        provide technical assistance and training to State and local 
        educational agencies in the implementation and enhancement of 
        systemic and effective family engagement policies, programs, 
        and activities that lead to improvements in student development 
        and academic achievement.
            ``(2) To assist State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, community-based organizations, schools, 
        and educators in strengthening partnerships among parents, 
        teachers, school leaders, administrators, and other school 
        personnel in meeting the educational needs of children and 
        fostering greater parental engagement.
            ``(3) To support State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, schools, educators, and parents in 
        developing and strengthening the relationship between parents 
        and their children's school in order to further the 
        developmental progress of children.
            ``(4) To coordinate activities funded under this subpart 
        with parent involvement initiatives funded under section 1118 
        and other provisions of this Act.
            ``(5) To assist the Secretary, State educational agencies, 
        and local educational agencies in the coordination and 
        integration of Federal, State, and local services and programs 
        to engage families in education.

``SEC. 3142. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) Statewide Family Engagement Centers.--From the amount 
appropriated under section 3(c)(1)(C), the Secretary is authorized to 
award grants for each fiscal year to statewide organizations (or 
consortia of such organizations), to establish Statewide Family 
Engagement Centers that provide comprehensive training and technical 
assistance to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, 
schools identified by State educational agencies and local educational 
agencies, organizations that support family-school partnerships, and 
other organizations that carry out, or carry out directly, parent 
education and family engagement in education programs.
    ``(b) Minimum Award.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, ensure that a grant is 
awarded for a Statewide Family Engagement Center in an amount not less 
than $500,000.

``SEC. 3143. APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Submissions.--Each statewide organization, or a consortium of 
such organizations, that desires a grant under this subpart shall 
submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
and including the information described in subsection (b).
    ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum, the following:
            ``(1) A description of the applicant's approach to family 
        engagement in education.
            ``(2) A description of the support that the Statewide 
        Family Engagement Center that will be operated by the applicant 
        will have from the State educational agency and any partner 
        organization outlining the commitment to work with the center.
            ``(3) A description of the applicant's plan for building a 
        statewide infrastructure for family engagement in education, 
        that includes--
                    ``(A) management and governance;
                    ``(B) statewide leadership; or
                    ``(C) systemic services for family engagement in 
                education.
            ``(4) A description of the applicant's demonstrated 
        experience in providing training, information, and support to 
        State educational agencies, local educational agencies, 
        schools, educators, parents, and organizations on family 
        engagement in education policies and practices that are 
        effective for parents (including low-income parents) and 
        families, English learners, minorities, parents of students 
        with disabilities, parents of homeless students, foster parents 
        and students, and parents of migratory students, including 
        evaluation results, reporting, or other data exhibiting such 
        demonstrated experience.
            ``(5) A description of the steps the applicant will take to 
        target services to low-income students and parents.
            ``(6) An assurance that the applicant will--
                    ``(A) establish a special advisory committee, the 
                membership of which includes--
                            ``(i) parents, who shall constitute a 
                        majority of the members of the special advisory 
                        committee;
                            ``(ii) representatives of education 
                        professionals with expertise in improving 
                        services for disadvantaged children;
                            ``(iii) representatives of local elementary 
                        schools and secondary schools, including 
                        students;
                            ``(iv) representatives of the business 
                        community; and
                            ``(v) representatives of State educational 
                        agencies and local educational agencies;
                    ``(B) use not less than 65 percent of the funds 
                received under this subpart in each fiscal year to 
                serve local educational agencies, schools, and 
                community-based organizations that serve high 
                concentrations of disadvantaged students, including 
                English learners, minorities, parents of students with 
                disabilities, parents of homeless students, foster 
                parents and students, and parents of migratory 
                students;
                    ``(C) operate a Statewide Family Engagement Center 
                of sufficient size, scope, and quality to ensure that 
                the Center is adequate to serve the State educational 
                agency, local educational agencies, and community-based 
                organizations;
                    ``(D) ensure that the Center will retain staff with 
                the requisite training and experience to serve parents 
                in the State;
                    ``(E) serve urban, suburban, and rural local 
                educational agencies and schools;
                    ``(F) work with--
                            ``(i) other Statewide Family Engagement 
                        Centers assisted under this subpart; and
                            ``(ii) parent training and information 
                        centers and community parent resource centers 
                        assisted under sections 671 and 672 of the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;
                    ``(G) use not less than 30 percent of the funds 
                received under this subpart for each fiscal year to 
                establish or expand technical assistance for evidence-
                based parent education programs;
                    ``(H) provide assistance to State educational 
                agencies and local educational agencies and community-
                based organizations that support family members in 
                supporting student academic achievement;
                    ``(I) work with State educational agencies, local 
                educational agencies, schools, educators, and parents 
                to determine parental needs and the best means for 
                delivery of services to address such needs;
                    ``(J) conduct sufficient outreach to assist 
                parents, including parents who the applicant may have a 
                difficult time engaging with a school or local 
                educational agency; and
                    ``(K) conduct outreach to low-income students and 
                parents, including low-income students and parents who 
                are not proficient in English.

``SEC. 3144. USES OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) In General.--Grantees shall use grant funds received under 
this subpart, based on the needs determined under section 
3143(b)(5)(I), to provide training and technical assistance to State 
educational agencies, local educational agencies, and organizations 
that support family-school partnerships, and activities, services, and 
training for local educational agencies, school leaders, educators, and 
parents--
            ``(1) to assist parents in participating effectively in 
        their children's education and to help their children meet 
        State standards, such as assisting parents--
                    ``(A) to engage in activities that will improve 
                student academic achievement, including understanding 
                how they can support learning in the classroom with 
                activities at home and in afterschool and 
                extracurricular programs;
                    ``(B) to communicate effectively with their 
                children, teachers, school leaders, counselors, 
                administrators, and other school personnel;
                    ``(C) to become active participants in the 
                development, implementation, and review of school-
                parent compacts, family engagement in education 
                policies, and school planning and improvement;
                    ``(D) to participate in the design and provision of 
                assistance to students who are not making academic 
                progress;
                    ``(E) to participate in State and local 
                decisionmaking;
                    ``(F) to train other parents; and
                    ``(G) to help the parents learn and use technology 
                applied in their children's education;
            ``(2) to develop and implement, in partnership with the 
        State educational agency, statewide family engagement in 
        education policy and systemic initiatives that will provide for 
        a continuum of services to remove barriers for family 
        engagement in education and support school reform efforts; and
            ``(3) to develop and implement parental involvement 
        policies under this Act.
    ``(b) Matching Funds for Grant Renewal.--For each fiscal year after 
the first fiscal year for which an organization or consortium receives 
assistance under this section, the organization or consortium shall 
demonstrate in the application that a portion of the services provided 
by the organization or consortium is supported through non-Federal 
contributions, which may be in cash or in-kind.
    ``(c) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall reserve not more 
than 2 percent of the funds appropriated under section 3(c)(1)(C) to 
carry out this subpart to provide technical assistance, by competitive 
grant or contract, for the establishment, development, and coordination 
of Statewide Family Engagement Centers.
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit a Statewide Family Engagement Center from--
            ``(1) having its employees or agents meet with a parent at 
        a site that is not on school grounds; or
            ``(2) working with another agency that serves children.
    ``(e) Parental Rights.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
section--
            ``(1) no person (including a parent who educates a child at 
        home, a public school parent, or a private school parent) shall 
        be required to participate in any program of parent education 
        or developmental screening under this section; and
            ``(2) no program or center assisted under this section 
        shall take any action that infringes in any manner on the right 
        of a parent to direct the education of their children.

``SEC. 3145. FAMILY ENGAGEMENT IN INDIAN SCHOOLS.

    ``The Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary 
of Education, shall establish, or enter into contracts and cooperative 
agreements with local Indian nonprofit parent organizations to 
establish and operate Family Engagement Centers.

                ``PART B--LOCAL ACADEMIC FLEXIBLE GRANT

``SEC. 3201. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to--
            ``(1) provide local educational agencies with the 
        opportunity to access funds to support the initiatives 
        important to their schools and students to improve academic 
        achievement, including protecting student safety; and
            ``(2) provide nonprofit and for-profit entities the 
        opportunity to work with students to improve academic 
        achievement, including student safety.

``SEC. 3202. ALLOTMENTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) Reservations.--From the funds appropriated under section 
3(c)(2) for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) not more than one-half of 1 percent for national 
        activities to provide technical assistance to eligible entities 
        in carrying out programs under this part; and
            ``(2) not more than one-half of 1 percent for payments to 
        the outlying areas and the Bureau of Indian Education, to be 
        allotted in accordance with their respective needs for 
        assistance under this part, as determined by the Secretary, to 
        enable the outlying areas and the Bureau to carry out the 
        purpose of this part.
    ``(b) State Allotments.--
            ``(1) Determination.--From the funds appropriated under 
        section 3(c)(2) for any fiscal year and remaining after the 
        Secretary makes reservations under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall allot to each State for the fiscal year an 
        amount that bears the same relationship to the remainder as the 
        amount the State received under chapter B of subpart 1 of part 
        A of title I for the preceding fiscal year bears to the amount 
        all States received under that chapter for the preceding fiscal 
        year, except that no State shall receive less than an amount 
        equal to one-half of 1 percent of the total amount made 
        available to all States under this subsection.
            ``(2) Reallotment of unused funds.--If a State does not 
        receive an allotment under this part for a fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall reallot the amount of the State's allotment to 
        the remaining States in accordance with this section.
    ``(c) State Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives an allotment 
        under this part shall reserve not less than 75 percent of the 
        amount allotted to the State under subsection (b) for each 
        fiscal year for awards to eligible entities under section 3204.
            ``(2) Awards to nongovernmental entities to improve student 
        academic achievement.--Each State that receives an allotment 
        under subsection (b) for each fiscal year shall reserve not 
        less than 10 percent of the amount allotted to the State for 
        awards to nongovernmental entities under section 3205.
            ``(3) State activities and state administration.--A State 
        educational agency may reserve not more than 15 percent of the 
        amount allotted to the State under subsection (b) for each 
        fiscal year for the following:
                    ``(A) Enabling the State educational agency--
                            ``(i) to pay the costs of developing the 
                        State assessments and standards required under 
                        section 1111(b), which may include the costs of 
                        working, at the sole discretion of the State, 
                        in voluntary partnerships with other States to 
                        develop such assessments and standards; or
                            ``(ii) if the State has developed the 
                        assessments and standards required under 
                        section 1111(b), to administer those 
                        assessments or carry out other activities 
                        related to ensuring that the State's schools 
                        and local educational agencies are helping 
                        students meet the State's academic standards 
                        under such section.
                    ``(B) The administrative costs of carrying out its 
                responsibilities under this part, except that not more 
                than 5 percent of the reserved amount may be used for 
                this purpose.
                    ``(C) Monitoring and evaluation of programs and 
                activities assisted under this part.
                    ``(D) Providing training and technical assistance 
                under this part.
                    ``(E) Statewide academic focused programs.
                    ``(F) Sharing evidence-based and other effective 
                strategies with eligible entities.

``SEC. 3203. STATE APPLICATION.

    ``(a) In General.--In order to receive an allotment under section 
3202 for any fiscal year, a State shall submit to the Secretary, at 
such time as the Secretary may require, an application that--
            ``(1) designates the State educational agency as the agency 
        responsible for the administration and supervision of programs 
        assisted under this part;
            ``(2) describes how the State educational agency will use 
        funds reserved for State-level activities, including how, if 
        any, of the funds will be used to support student safety;
            ``(3) describes the procedures and criteria the State 
        educational agency will use for reviewing applications and 
        awarding funds to eligible entities on a competitive basis, 
        which shall include reviewing how the proposed project will 
        help increase student academic achievement;
            ``(4) describes how the State educational agency will 
        ensure that awards made under this part are--
                    ``(A) of sufficient size and scope to support high-
                quality, effective programs that are consistent with 
                the purpose of this part; and
                    ``(B) in amounts that are consistent with section 
                3204(f);
            ``(5) describes the steps the State educational agency will 
        take to ensure that programs implement effective strategies, 
        including providing ongoing technical assistance and training, 
        and dissemination of evidence-based and other effective 
        strategies;
            ``(6) describes how the State educational agency will 
        consider students across all grades when making these awards;
            ``(7) an assurance that, other than providing technical and 
        advisory assistance and monitoring compliance with this part, 
        the State educational agency has not exercised and will not 
        exercise any influence in the decision-making process of 
        eligible entities as to the expenditure of funds received by 
        the eligible entities under this part;
            ``(8) describes how programs under this part will be 
        coordinated with programs under this Act, and other programs as 
        appropriate;
            ``(9) contains an assurance that the State educational 
        agency--
                    ``(A) will make awards for programs for a period of 
                not more than 5 years; and
                    ``(B) will require each eligible entity seeking 
                such an award to submit a plan describing how the 
                project to be funded through the award will continue 
                after funding under this part ends, if applicable;
            ``(10) contains an assurance that funds appropriated to 
        carry out this part will be used to supplement, and not 
        supplant, State and local public funds expended to provide 
        programs and activities authorized under this part and other 
        similar programs; and
            ``(11) an assurance that the State will support projects 
        from each of the categories listed in section 3204(b)(1)(D) in 
        awarding subgrants to local educational agencies.
    ``(b) Deemed Approval.--An application submitted by a State 
educational agency pursuant to subsection (a) shall be deemed to be 
approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a written 
determination, prior to the expiration of the 120-day period beginning 
on the date on which the Secretary received the application, that the 
application is not in compliance with this part.
    ``(c) Disapproval.--The Secretary shall not finally disapprove the 
application, except after giving the State educational agency notice 
and an opportunity for a hearing.
    ``(d) Notification.--If the Secretary finds that the application is 
not in compliance, in whole or in part, with this part, the Secretary 
shall--
            ``(1) give the State educational agency notice and an 
        opportunity for a hearing; and
            ``(2) notify the State educational agency of the finding of 
        noncompliance, and, in such notification, shall--
                    ``(A) cite the specific provisions in the 
                application that are not in compliance; and
                    ``(B) request additional information, only as to 
                the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the 
                application compliant.
    ``(e) Response.--If the State educational agency responds to the 
Secretary's notification described in subsection (d)(2) during the 45-
day period beginning on the date on which the agency received the 
notification, and resubmits the application with the requested 
information described in subsection (d)(2)(B), the Secretary shall 
approve or disapprove such application prior to the later of--
            ``(1) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the 
        date on which the application is resubmitted; or
            ``(2) the expiration of the 120-day period described in 
        subsection (b).
    ``(f) Failure To Respond.--If the State educational agency does not 
respond to the Secretary's notification described in subsection (d)(2) 
during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the agency 
received the notification, such application shall be deemed to be 
disapproved.
    ``(g) Rule of Construction.--An application submitted by a State 
educational agency pursuant to subsection (a) shall not be approved or 
disapproved based upon the activities for which the agency may make 
funds available to eligible entities under section 3204 if the agency's 
use of funds is consistent with section 3204(b).

``SEC. 3204. LOCAL COMPETITIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--A State that receives funds under this part for 
a fiscal year shall provide the amount made available under section 
3202(c)(1) to eligible entities in accordance with this section.
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives an 
        award under this part shall use the funds for activities that--
                    ``(A) are evidence-based;
                    ``(B) will improve student academic achievement;
                    ``(C) are allowable under State law; and
                    ``(D) focus on one or more projects from the 
                following two categories:
                            ``(i) Supplemental student support 
                        activities such as before, after, or summer 
                        school activities, tutoring, and expanded 
                        learning time, but not including athletics or 
                        in-school learning activities.
                            ``(ii) Activities designed to support 
                        students, such as academic subject specific 
                        programs (including computer science and other 
                        science, technology, engineering, and 
                        mathematics programs), including civic 
                        education, adjunct teacher programs, extended 
                        learning time programs, dual enrollment 
                        programs, and parent engagement, but not 
                        including activities to--
                                    ``(I) support smaller class sizes 
                                or construction; or
                                    ``(II) provide compensation or 
                                benefits to teachers, school leaders, 
                                other school officials, or local 
                                educational agency staff.
            ``(2) Participation of children enrolled in private 
        schools.--An eligible entity that receives an award under this 
        part shall ensure compliance with section 5501 (relating to 
        participation of children enrolled in private schools).
    ``(c) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive an award under 
        this part, an eligible entity shall submit an application to 
        the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and 
        including such information as the State educational agency may 
        reasonably require, including the contents required by 
        paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) a description of the activities to be funded 
                and how they are consistent with subsection (b), 
                including any activities that will increase student 
                safety;
                    ``(B) an assurance that funds under this part will 
                be used to increase the level of State, local, and 
                other non-Federal funds that would, in the absence of 
                funds under this part, be made available for programs 
                and activities authorized under this part, and in no 
                case supplant State, local, or non-Federal funds;
                    ``(C) an assurance that the community will be given 
                notice of an intent to submit an application with an 
                opportunity for comment, and that the application will 
                be available for public review after submission of the 
                application; and
                    ``(D) an assurance that students who benefit from 
                any activity funded under this part shall continue to 
                maintain enrollment in a public elementary or secondary 
                school.
    ``(d) Review.--In reviewing local applications under this section, 
a State educational agency shall use a peer review process or other 
methods of assuring the quality of such applications but the review 
shall be limited to the likelihood that the project will increase 
student academic achievement.
    ``(e) Geographic Diversity.--A State educational agency shall 
distribute funds under this part equitably among geographic areas 
within the State, including rural, suburban, and urban communities.
    ``(f) Award.--A grant shall be awarded to all eligible entities 
that submit an application that meets the requirements of this section 
in an amount that is not less than $10,000, but there shall be only one 
award granted to any one local educational agency, but such award may 
be for multiple projects or programs with the local educational agency.
    ``(g) Duration of Awards.--Grants under this part may be awarded 
for a period of not more than 5 years.
    ``(h) Eligible Entity Defined.--In this section, the term `eligible 
entity' means--
            ``(1) a local educational agency in partnership with a 
        community-based organization, business entity, or 
        nongovernmental entity;
            ``(2) a consortium of local educational agencies working in 
        partnership with a community-based organization, business 
        entity, or nongovernmental entity;
            ``(3) a community-based organization in partnership with a 
        local educational agency and, if applicable, a business entity 
        or nongovernmental entity; or
            ``(4) a business entity in partnership with a local 
        educational agency and, if applicable, a community-based 
        organization or nongovernmental entity.

``SEC. 3205. AWARDS TO NONGOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES TO IMPROVE ACADEMIC 
              ACHIEVEMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved under section 
3202(c)(2), a State educational agency shall award grants to 
nongovernmental entities, including public or private organizations, 
community-based or faith-based organizations, and business entities for 
a program or project to increase the academic achievement of public 
school students attending public elementary or secondary schools (or 
both) in compliance with the requirements in this section. Subject to 
the availability of funds, the State educational agency shall award a 
grant to each eligible applicant that meets the requirements in a 
sufficient size and scope to support the program.
    ``(b) Application.--The State educational agency shall require an 
application that includes the following information:
            ``(1) A description of the program or project the applicant 
        will use the funds to support.
            ``(2) A description of how the applicant is using or will 
        use other State, local, or private funding to support the 
        program or project.
            ``(3) A description of how the program or project will help 
        increase student academic achievement, including the evidence 
        to support this claim.
            ``(4) A description of the student population the program 
        or project is targeting to impact, and if the program will 
        prioritize students in high-need local educational agencies.
            ``(5) A description of how the applicant will conduct 
        sufficient outreach to ensure students can participate in the 
        program or project.
            ``(6) A description of any partnerships the applicant has 
        entered into with local educational agencies or other entities 
        the applicant will work with, if applicable.
            ``(7) A description of how the applicant will work to share 
        evidence-based and other effective strategies from the program 
        or project with local educational agencies and other entities 
        working with students to increase academic achievement.
            ``(8) An assurance that students who benefit from any 
        program or project funded under this section shall continue to 
        maintain enrollment in a public elementary or secondary school.
    ``(c) Matching Contribution.--An eligible applicant receiving a 
grant under this section shall provide, either directly or through 
private contributions, non-Federal matching funds equal to not less 
than 50 percent of the amount of the grant.
    ``(d) Review.--The State educational agency shall review the 
application to ensure that--
            ``(1) the applicant is an eligible applicant;
            ``(2) the application clearly describes the required 
        elements in subsection (b);
            ``(3) the entity meets the matching requirement described 
        in subsection (c); and
            ``(4) the program is allowable and complies with Federal, 
        State, and local laws.
    ``(e) Distribution of Funds.--If the application requests exceed 
the funds available, the State educational agency shall prioritize 
projects that support students in high-need local educational agencies 
and ensure geographic diversity, including serving rural, suburban, and 
urban areas.
    ``(f) Administrative Costs.--Not more than 1 percent of a grant 
awarded under this section may be used for administrative costs.

``SEC. 3206. REPORT.

    ``Each recipient of a grant under section 3204 or 3205 shall report 
to the State educational agency on--
            ``(1) the success of the program in reaching the goals of 
        the program;
            ``(2) a description of the students served by the program 
        and how the students' academic achievement improved; and
            ``(3) the results of any evaluation conducted on the 
        success of the program.''.

                          TITLE IV--IMPACT AID

SEC. 401. PURPOSE.

    Section 8001 (20 U.S.C. 7701) is amended by striking ``challenging 
State standards'' and inserting ``State academic standards''.

SEC. 402. PAYMENTS RELATING TO FEDERAL ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY.

    Section 8002 (20 U.S.C. 7702) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by amending the matter 
        preceding clause (i) to read as follows:
                    ``(C) had an assessed value according to original 
                records (including facsimiles or other reproductions of 
                those records) documenting the assessed value of such 
                property (determined as of the time or times when so 
                acquired) prepared by the local officials referred to 
                in subsection (b)(3) or, when such original records are 
                not available due to unintentional destruction (such as 
                natural disaster, fire, flooding, pest infestation, or 
                deterioration due to age), other records, including 
                Federal agency records, local historical records, or 
                other records that the Secretary determines to be 
                appropriate and reliable, aggregating 10 percent or 
                more of the assessed value of--''.
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(B), by striking ``section 
        8014(a)'' and inserting ``section 3(d)(1)''; and
            (3) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
    ``(f) Special Rule.--Beginning with fiscal year 2014, a local 
educational agency shall be deemed to meet the requirements of 
subsection (a)(1)(C) if records to determine eligibility under such 
subsection were destroyed prior to fiscal year 2000 and the agency 
received funds under subsection (b) in the previous year.'';
            (4) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
    ``(g) Former Districts.--
            ``(1) Consolidations.--For fiscal year 2006 and each 
        succeeding fiscal year, if a local educational agency described 
        in paragraph (2) is formed at any time after 1938 by the 
        consolidation of two or more former school districts, the local 
        educational agency may elect to have the Secretary determine 
        its eligibility and any amount for which the local educational 
        agency is eligible under this section for such fiscal year on 
        the basis of one or more of those former districts, as 
        designated by the local educational agency.
            ``(2) Eligible local educational agencies.--A local 
        educational agency described in this paragraph is--
                    ``(A) any local educational agency that, for fiscal 
                year 1994 or any preceding fiscal year, applied for, 
                and was determined to be eligible under section 2(c) of 
                the Act of September 30, 1950 (Public Law 874, 81st 
                Congress) as that section was in effect for that fiscal 
                year; or
                    ``(B) a local educational agency formed by the 
                consolidation of 2 or more school districts, at least 
                one of which was eligible for assistance under this 
                section for the fiscal year preceding the year of the 
                consolidation, if--
                            ``(i) for fiscal years 2006 through 2013, 
                        the local educational agency notifies the 
                        Secretary not later than 30 days after the date 
                        of enactment of the Student Success Act of the 
                        designation described in paragraph (1); and
                            ``(ii) for fiscal year 2014, and each 
                        subsequent fiscal year, the local educational 
                        agency includes the designation in its 
                        application under section 8005 or any timely 
                        amendment to such application.
            ``(3) Availability of funds.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law limiting the period during which the Secretary 
        may obligate funds appropriated for any fiscal year after 
        fiscal year 2005, the Secretary may obligate funds remaining 
        after final payments have been made for any of such fiscal 
        years to carry out this subsection.'';
            (5) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by striking 
                        ``section 8014(a)'' and inserting ``section 
                        3(d)(1)''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``section 8014(a)'' and inserting ``section 
                        3(d)(1)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Impact Aid 
                Improvement Act of 2012'' and inserting ``Student 
                Success Act'';
            (6) by repealing subsections (k) and (m);
            (7) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (j);
            (8) by amending subsection (j) (as so redesignated) by 
        striking ``(h)(4)(B)'' and inserting ``(h)(2)''; and
            (9) by redesignating subsection (n) as subsection (k).

SEC. 403. PAYMENTS FOR ELIGIBLE FEDERALLY CONNECTED CHILDREN.

    (a) Computation of Payment.--Section 8003(a) (20 U.S.C. 7703(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of paragraph 
        (1), by inserting after ``schools of such agency'' the 
        following: ``(including those children enrolled in such agency 
        as a result of the open enrollment policy of the State in which 
        the agency is located, but not including children who are 
        enrolled in a distance education program at such agency and who 
        are not residing within the geographic boundaries of such 
        agency)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (5)(A), by striking ``1984'' and all that 
        follows through ``situated'' and inserting ``1984, or under 
        lease of off-base property under subchapter IV of chapter 169 
        of title 10, United States Code, to be children described under 
        paragraph (1)(B) if the property described is within the fenced 
        security perimeter of the military facility or attached to and 
        under any type of force protection agreement with the military 
        installation upon which such housing is situated''.
    (b) Basic Support Payments for Heavily Impacted Local Educational 
Agencies.--Section 8003(b) (20 U.S.C. 7703(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``section 8014(b)'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``section 3(d)(2)'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by repealing subparagraph (E);
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting at the end 
                the following:
                    ``(iii) The Secretary shall--
                            ``(I) deem each local educational agency 
                        that received a basic support payment under 
                        this paragraph for fiscal year 2009 as eligible 
                        to receive a basic support payment under this 
                        paragraph for fiscal years 2012 and 2013; and
                            ``(II) make a payment to each such local 
                        educational agency under this paragraph for 
                        fiscal years 2012 and 2013.''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``continuing'' in the 
                        heading;
                            (ii) by amending clause (i) to read as 
                        follows:
                            ``(i) In general.--A heavily impacted local 
                        educational agency is eligible to receive a 
                        basic support payment under subparagraph (A) 
                        with respect to a number of children determined 
                        under subsection (a)(1) if the agency--
                                    ``(I) is a local educational 
                                agency--
                                            ``(aa) whose boundaries are 
                                        the same as a Federal military 
                                        installation or an island 
                                        property designated by the 
                                        Secretary of the Interior to be 
                                        property that is held in trust 
                                        by the Federal Government; and
                                            ``(bb) that has no taxing 
                                        authority;
                                    ``(II) is a local educational 
                                agency that--
                                            ``(aa) has an enrollment of 
                                        children described in 
                                        subsection (a)(1) that 
                                        constitutes a percentage of the 
                                        total student enrollment of the 
                                        agency that is not less than 45 
                                        percent;
                                            ``(bb) has a per-pupil 
                                        expenditure that is less than--

                                                    ``(AA) for an 
                                                agency that has a total 
                                                student enrollment of 
                                                500 or more students, 
                                                125 percent of the 
                                                average per-pupil 
                                                expenditure of the 
                                                State in which the 
                                                agency is located; or

                                                    ``(BB) for any 
                                                agency that has a total 
                                                student enrollment less 
                                                than 500, 150 percent 
                                                of the average per-
                                                pupil expenditure of 
                                                the State in which the 
                                                agency is located or 
                                                the average per-pupil 
                                                expenditure of 3 or 
                                                more comparable local 
                                                educational agencies in 
                                                the State in which the 
                                                agency is located; and

                                            ``(cc) is an agency that--

                                                    ``(AA) has a tax 
                                                rate for general fund 
                                                purposes that is not 
                                                less than 95 percent of 
                                                the average tax rate 
                                                for general fund 
                                                purposes of comparable 
                                                local educational 
                                                agencies in the State; 
                                                or

                                                    ``(BB) was eligible 
                                                to receive a payment 
                                                under this subsection 
                                                for fiscal year 2013 
                                                and is located in a 
                                                State that by State law 
                                                has eliminated ad 
                                                valorem tax as a 
                                                revenue for local 
                                                educational agencies;

                                    ``(III) is a local educational 
                                agency that--
                                            ``(aa) has an enrollment of 
                                        children described in 
                                        subsection (a)(1) that 
                                        constitutes a percentage of the 
                                        total student enrollment of the 
                                        agency that is not less than 20 
                                        percent;
                                            ``(bb) for the 3 fiscal 
                                        years preceding the fiscal year 
                                        for which the determination is 
                                        made, the average enrollment of 
                                        children who are not described 
                                        in subsection (a)(1) and who 
                                        are eligible for a free or 
                                        reduced price lunch under the 
                                        Richard B. Russell National 
                                        School Lunch Act constitutes a 
                                        percentage of the total student 
                                        enrollment of the agency that 
                                        is not less than 65 percent; 
                                        and
                                            ``(cc) has a tax rate for 
                                        general fund purposes which is 
                                        not less than 125 percent of 
                                        the average tax rate for 
                                        general fund purposes for 
                                        comparable local educational 
                                        agencies in the State;
                                    ``(IV) is a local educational 
                                agency that has a total student 
                                enrollment of not less than 25,000 
                                students, of which--
                                            ``(aa) not less than 50 
                                        percent are children described 
                                        in subsection (a)(1); and
                                            ``(bb) not less than 5,500 
                                        of such children are children 
                                        described in subparagraphs (A) 
                                        and (B) of subsection (a)(1); 
                                        or
                                    ``(V) is a local educational agency 
                                that--
                                            ``(aa) has an enrollment of 
                                        children described in 
                                        subsection (a)(1) including, 
                                        for purposes of determining 
                                        eligibility, those children 
                                        described in subparagraphs (F) 
                                        and (G) of such subsection, 
                                        that is not less than 35 
                                        percent of the total student 
                                        enrollment of the agency; and
                                            ``(bb) was eligible to 
                                        receive assistance under 
                                        subparagraph (A) for fiscal 
                                        year 2001.''; and
                            (iii) in clause (ii)--
                                    (I) by striking ``A heavily'' and 
                                inserting the following:
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), a heavily''; and
                                    (II) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                                    ``(II) Loss of eligibility due to 
                                falling below 95 percent of the average 
                                tax rate for general fund purposes.--In 
                                a case of a heavily impacted local 
                                educational agency that is eligible to 
                                receive a basic support payment under 
                                subparagraph (A), but that has had, for 
                                2 consecutive fiscal years, a tax rate 
                                for general fund purposes that falls 
                                below 95 percent of the average tax 
                                rate for general fund purposes of 
                                comparable local educational agencies 
                                in the State, such agency shall be 
                                determined to be ineligible under 
                                clause (i) and ineligible to receive a 
                                basic support payment under 
                                subparagraph (A) for each fiscal year 
                                succeeding such 2 consecutive fiscal 
                                years for which the agency has such a 
                                tax rate for general fund purposes, and 
                                until the fiscal year for which the 
                                agency resumes such eligibility in 
                                accordance with clause (iii).'';
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (C);
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) through (H) 
                as subparagraphs (C) through (G), respectively;
                    (E) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) in the heading, by striking 
                        ``regular'';
                            (ii) by striking ``Except as provided in 
                        subparagraph (E)'' and inserting ``Except as 
                        provided in subparagraph (D)'';
                            (iii) by amending subclause (I) of clause 
                        (ii) to read as follows: `` (I)(aa) For a local 
                        educational agency with respect to which 35 
                        percent or more of the total student enrollment 
                        of the schools of the agency are children 
                        described in subparagraph (D) or (E) (or a 
                        combination thereof) of subsection (a)(1), and 
                        that has an enrollment of children described in 
                        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of such 
                        subsection equal to at least 10 percent of the 
                        agency's total enrollment, the Secretary shall 
                        calculate the weighted student units of those 
                        children described in subparagraph (D) or (E) 
                        of such subsection by multiplying the number of 
                        such children by a factor of 0.55.
                            ``(bb) Notwithstanding subitem (aa), a 
                        local educational agency that received a 
                        payment under this paragraph for fiscal year 
                        2013 shall not be required to have an 
                        enrollment of children described in 
                        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of subsection 
                        (a)(1) equal to at least 10 percent of the 
                        agency's total enrollment.''; and
                            (iv) by amending subclause (III) of clause 
                        (ii) by striking ``(B)(i)(II)(aa)'' and 
                        inserting ``subparagraph (B)(i)(I)'';
                    (F) in subparagraph (D)(i)(II) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``6,000'' and inserting 
                ``5,500'';
                    (G) in subparagraph (E) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking ``Secretary'' and all that 
                        follows through ``shall use'' and inserting 
                        ``Secretary shall use'';
                            (ii) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                        period; and
                            (iii) by striking clause (ii);
                    (H) in subparagraphs (F) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``subparagraph (C)(i)(II)(bb)'' and inserting 
                ``subparagraph (B)(i)(II)(bb)(BB)'';
                    (I) in subparagraph (G) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by striking ``subparagraph (B), 
                                (C), (D), or (E)'' and inserting 
                                ``subparagraph (B), (C), or (D)'';
                                    (II) by striking ``by reason of'' 
                                and inserting ``due to'';
                                    (III) by inserting after ``clause 
                                (iii)'' the following ``, or as the 
                                direct result of base realignment and 
                                closure or modularization as determined 
                                by the Secretary of Defense and force 
                                structure change or force relocation''; 
                                and
                                    (IV) by inserting before the 
                                period, the following: ``or during such 
                                time as activities associated with base 
                                closure and realignment, 
                                modularization, force structure change, 
                                or force relocation are ongoing''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``(D) or 
                        (E)'' each place it appears and inserting ``(C) 
                        or (D)'';
            (4) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by amending clause (iii) to read as 
                        follows:
                    ``(iii) In the case of a local educational agency 
                providing a free public education to students enrolled 
                in kindergarten through grade 12, but which enrolls 
                students described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (D) 
                of subsection (a)(1) only in grades 9 through 12, and 
                which received a final payment in fiscal year 2009 
                calculated under this paragraph (as this paragraph was 
                in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
                the Student Success Act) for students in grades 9 
                through 12, the Secretary shall, in calculating the 
                agency's payment, consider only that portion of such 
                agency's total enrollment of students in grades 9 
                through 12 when calculating the percentage under clause 
                (i)(I) and only that portion of the total current 
                expenditures attributed to the operation of grades 9 
                through 12 in such agency when calculating the 
                percentage under clause (i)(II).''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(v) In the case of a local educational agency 
                that is providing a program of distance education to 
                children not residing within the geographic boundaries 
                of the agency, the Secretary shall--
                            ``(I) for purposes of the calculation under 
                        clause (i)(I), disregard such children from the 
                        total number of children in average daily 
                        attendance at the schools served by such 
                        agency; and
                            ``(II) for purposes of the calculation 
                        under clause (i)(II), disregard any funds 
                        received for such children from the total 
                        current expenditures for such agency.'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``subparagraph 
                (D) or (E) of paragraph (2), as the case may be'' and 
                inserting ``paragraph (2)(D)''; and
                    (C) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as 
                follows:
                    ``(D) Ratable distribution.--For any fiscal year 
                described in subparagraph (A) for which the sums 
                available exceed the amount required to pay each local 
                educational agency 100 percent of its threshold 
                payment, the Secretary shall distribute the excess sums 
                to each eligible local educational agency that has not 
                received its full amount computed under paragraph (1) 
                or (2) (as the case may be) by multiplying--
                            ``(i) a percentage, the denominator of 
                        which is the difference between the full amount 
                        computed under paragraph (1) or (2) (as the 
                        case may be) for all local educational agencies 
                        and the amount of the threshold payment (as 
                        calculated under subparagraphs (B) and (C)) of 
                        all local educational agencies, and the 
                        numerator of which is the aggregate of the 
                        excess sums, by
                            ``(ii) the difference between the full 
                        amount computed under paragraph (1) or (2) (as 
                        the case may be) for the agency and the amount 
                        of the threshold payment as calculated under 
                        subparagraphs (B) and (C) of the agency.''; and
                    (D) by inserting at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) Insufficient payments.--For each fiscal year 
                described in subparagraph (A) for which the sums 
                appropriated under section 3(d)(2) are insufficient to 
                pay each local educational agency all of the local 
                educational agency's threshold payment described in 
                subparagraph (D), the Secretary shall ratably reduce 
                the payment to each local educational agency under this 
                paragraph.
                    ``(F) Increases.--If the sums appropriated under 
                section 3(d)(2) are sufficient to increase the 
                threshold payment above the 100 percent threshold 
                payment described in subparagraph (D), then the 
                Secretary shall increase payments on the same basis as 
                such payments were reduced, except no local educational 
                agency may receive a payment amount greater than 100 
                percent of the maximum payment calculated under this 
                subsection.''; and
            (5) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``through 
                (D)'' and inserting ``and (C)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``subparagraph 
                (D) or (E)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (C) or (D)''.
    (c) Prior Year Data.--Paragraph (2) of section 8003(c) (20 U.S.C. 
7703(c)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Exception.--Calculation of payments for a local 
        educational agency shall be based on data from the fiscal year 
        for which the agency is making an application for payment if 
        such agency--
                    ``(A) is newly established by a State, for the 
                first year of operation of such agency only;
                    ``(B) was eligible to receive a payment under this 
                section for the previous fiscal year and has had an 
                overall increase in enrollment (as determined by the 
                Secretary in consultation with the Secretary of 
                Defense, the Secretary of Interior, or the heads of 
                other Federal agencies)--
                            ``(i) of not less than 10 percent, or 100 
                        students, of children described in--
                                    ``(I) subparagraph (A), (B), (C), 
                                or (D) of subsection (a)(1); or
                                    ``(II) subparagraphs (F) and (G) of 
                                subsection (a)(1), but only to the 
                                extent such children are civilian 
                                dependents of employees of the 
                                Department of Defense or the Department 
                                of Interior; and
                            ``(ii) that is the direct result of closure 
                        or realignment of military installations under 
                        the base closure process or the relocation of 
                        members of the Armed Forces and civilian 
                        employees of the Department of Defense as part 
                        of the force structure changes or movements of 
                        units or personnel between military 
                        installations or because of actions initiated 
                        by the Secretary of the Interior or the head of 
                        another Federal agency; or
                    ``(C) was eligible to receive a payment under this 
                section for the previous fiscal year and has had an 
                increase in enrollment (as determined by the 
                Secretary)--
                            ``(i) of not less than 10 percent of 
                        children described in subsection (a)(1) or not 
                        less than 100 of such children; and
                            ``(ii) that is the direct result of the 
                        closure of a local educational agency that 
                        received a payment under subsection (b)(1) or 
                        (b)(2) in the previous fiscal year.''.
    (d) Children With Disabilities.--Section 8003(d)(1) (20 U.S.C. 
7703(d)) is amended by striking ``section 8014(c)'' and inserting 
``section 3(d)(3)''.
    (e) Hold-Harmless.--Section 8003(e) (20 U.S.C. 7703(e)) is 
amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the total 
        amount the Secretary shall pay a local educational agency under 
        subsection (b)--
                    ``(A) for fiscal year 2014, shall not be less than 
                90 percent of the total amount that the local 
                educational agency received under subsection (b)(1), 
                (b)(2), or (b)(2)(B)(ii) for fiscal year 2013;
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2015, shall not be less than 
                85 percent of the total amount that the local 
                educational agency received under subsection (b)(1), 
                (b)(2), or (b)(2)(B)(ii) for fiscal year 2013; and
                    ``(C) for fiscal year 2016, shall not be less than 
                80 percent of the total amount that the local 
                educational agency received under subsection (b)(1), 
                (b)(2), or (b)(2)(B)(ii) for fiscal year 2013.''; and
            (2) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) Maximum amount.--The total amount provided to a local 
        educational agency under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of 
        paragraph (1) for a fiscal year shall not exceed the maximum 
        basic support payment amount for such agency determined under 
        paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (b), as the case may be, for 
        such fiscal year.''.
    (f) Maintenance of Effort.--Section 8003 (20 U.S.C. 7703) is 
amended by striking subsection (g).

SEC. 404. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES RELATING TO CHILDREN RESIDING ON 
              INDIAN LANDS.

    Section 8004(e)(9) is amended by striking ``Bureau of Indian 
Affairs'' and inserting ``Bureau of Indian Education''.

SEC. 405. APPLICATION FOR PAYMENTS UNDER SECTIONS 8002 AND 8003.

    Section 8005(b) (20 U.S.C. 7705(b)) is amended in the matter 
preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``and shall contain such 
information,''.

SEC. 406. CONSTRUCTION.

    Section 8007 (20 U.S.C. 7707) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 
                8014(e)'' and inserting ``section 3(d)(4)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the 
                following:
                    ``(C) The agency is eligible under section 
                4003(b)(2) or is receiving basic support payments under 
                circumstances described in section 
                4003(b)(2)(B)(ii).''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``section 
                8014(e)'' each place it appears and inserting ``section 
                3(d)(4)''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 
                8014(e)'' and inserting ``section 3(d)(4)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C)(i)(I), by adding at 
                        the end the following:
                                    ``(cc) At least 10 percent of the 
                                property in the agency is exempt from 
                                State and local taxation under Federal 
                                law.''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Limitations on eligibility requirements.--The 
                Secretary shall not limit eligibility--
                            ``(i) under subparagraph (C)(i)(I)(aa), to 
                        those local educational agencies in which the 
                        number of children determined under section 
                        8003(a)(1)(C) for each such agency for the 
                        preceding school year constituted more than 40 
                        percent of the total student enrollment in the 
                        schools of each such agency during the 
                        preceding school year; and
                            ``(ii) under subparagraph (C)(i)(I)(cc), to 
                        those local educational agencies in which more 
                        than 10 percent of the property in each such 
                        agency is exempt from State and local taxation 
                        under Federal law.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (6)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``in such manner, and 
                        accompanied by such information'' and inserting 
                        ``and in such manner''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (F); and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (7).

SEC. 407. FACILITIES.

    Section 8008 (20 U.S.C. 7708) is amended in subsection (a), by 
striking ``section 8014(f)'' and inserting ``section 3(d)(5)''.

SEC. 408. STATE CONSIDERATION OF PAYMENTS PROVIDING STATE AID.

    Section 8009(c)(1)(B) (20 U.S.C. 7709(c)(1)(B)) is amended by 
striking ``and contain the information''.

SEC. 409. FEDERAL ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 8010(d)(2) (20 U.S.C. 7710(d)(2)) is amended, by striking 
``section 8014'' and inserting ``section 3(d)''.

SEC. 410. ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS AND JUDICIAL REVIEW.

    Section 8011(a) (20 U.S.C. 7711(a)) is amended by striking ``or 
under the Act'' and all the follows through ``1994)''.

SEC. 411. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 8013 (20 U.S.C. 7713) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and Marine Corps'' and 
        inserting ``Marine Corps, and Coast Guard'';
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and title VI'';
            (3) in paragraph (5)(A)(iii)--
                    (A) in subclause (II), by striking ``Stewart B. 
                McKinney Homeless Assistance Act'' and inserting 
                ``McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                11411)''; and
                    (B) in subclause (III), by inserting before the 
                semicolon, ``(25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.)'';
            (4) in paragraph (8)(A), by striking ``and verified by'' 
        and inserting ``, and verified by,''; and
            (5) in paragraph (9)(B), by inserting a comma before ``on a 
        case-by-case basis''.

SEC. 412. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 8014 (20 U.S.C. 7801) is repealed.

SEC. 413. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Impact Aid Improvement Act of 2012.--Subsection (c) of the 
Impact Aid Improvement Act of 2012 (20 U.S.C. 6301 note; Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat 1748) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (4); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3), as paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), respectively.
    (b) Repeal.--Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as amended by 
section 501(b)(2) of this Act, is repealed.
    (c) Transfer and Redesignation.--Title VIII (20 U.S.C. 7701 et 
seq.), as amended by this title, is redesignated as title IV (20 U.S.C. 
7101 et seq.), and transferred and inserted after title III (as amended 
by this Act).
    (d) Title VIII References.--The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating sections 8001 through 8005 as sections 
        4001 through 4005, respectively;
            (2) by redesignating sections 8007 through 8013 as sections 
        4007 through 4013, respectively;
            (3) by striking ``section 8002'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``section 4002'';
            (4) by striking ``section 8002(b)'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``section 4002(b)'';
            (5) by striking ``section 8003'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``section 4003'', respectively;
            (6) by striking ``section 8003(a)'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``section 4003(a)'';
            (7) by striking ``section 8003(a)(1)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``section 4003(a)(1)'';
            (8) by striking ``section 8003(a)(1)(C)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``section 4003(a)(1)(C)'';
            (9) by striking ``section 8002(a)(2)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``section 4002(a)(2)'';
            (10) by striking ``section 8003(b)'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``section 4003(b)'';
            (11) by striking ``section 8003(b)(1)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``section 4003(b)(1)'';
            (12) in section 4002(b)(1)(C) (as so redesignated), by 
        striking ``section 8003(b)(1)(C)'' and inserting ``section 
        4003(b)(1)(C)'';
            (13) in section 4002(k)(1) (as so redesignated), by 
        striking ``section 8013(5)(C)(iii)'' and inserting ``section 
        4013(5)(C)(iii)'';
            (14) in section 4005 (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking ``8002 and 
                8003'' and inserting ``4002 and 4003'';
                    (B) by striking ``or 8003'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``or 4003'';
                    (C) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``section 
                8004'' and inserting ``section 4004''; and
                    (D) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``section 
                8003(e)'' and inserting ``section 4003(e)'';
            (15) in section 4007(a)(3)(A)(i)(II) (as so redesignated), 
        by striking ``section 8008(a)'' and inserting ``section 
        4008(a)'';
            (16) in section 4007(a)(4) (as so redesignated), by 
        striking ``section 8013(3)'' and inserting ``section 4013(3)''; 
        and
            (17) in section 4009 (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1)--
                            (i) by striking ``or 8003(b)'' and 
                        inserting ``or 4003(b)'';
                            (ii) by striking ``section 8003(a)(2)(B)'' 
                        and inserting ``section 4003(a)(2)(B)''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``section 8003(b)(2)'' 
                        each place it appears and inserting ``section 
                        4003(b)(2)'';
                    (B) by striking ``section 8011(a)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``section 4011(a)''; and
            (18) in section 4010(c)(2)(D) (as so redesignated) by 
        striking ``section 8009(b)'' and inserting ``section 4009(b)''.

                TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR THE ACT

SEC. 501. GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR THE ACT.

    (a) Amending Title V.--Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.) is amended 
to read as follows:

                     ``TITLE V--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                         ``PART A--DEFINITIONS

``SEC. 5101. DEFINITIONS.

    ``Except as otherwise provided, in this Act:
            ``(1) Average daily attendance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided otherwise by 
                State law or this paragraph, the term `average daily 
                attendance' means--
                            ``(i) the aggregate number of days of 
                        attendance of all students during a school 
                        year; divided by
                            ``(ii) the number of days school is in 
                        session during that year.
                    ``(B) Conversion.--The Secretary shall permit the 
                conversion of average daily membership (or other 
                similar data) to average daily attendance for local 
                educational agencies in States that provide State aid 
                to local educational agencies on the basis of average 
                daily membership (or other similar data).
                    ``(C) Special rule.--If the local educational 
                agency in which a child resides makes a tuition or 
                other payment for the free public education of the 
                child in a school located in another school district, 
                the Secretary shall, for the purpose of this Act--
                            ``(i) consider the child to be in 
                        attendance at a school of the agency making the 
                        payment; and
                            ``(ii) not consider the child to be in 
                        attendance at a school of the agency receiving 
                        the payment.
                    ``(D) Children with disabilities.--If a local 
                educational agency makes a tuition payment to a private 
                school or to a public school of another local 
                educational agency for a child with a disability, as 
                defined in section 602 of the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act, the Secretary shall, for 
                the purpose of this Act, consider the child to be in 
                attendance at a school of the agency making the 
                payment.
            ``(2) Average per-pupil expenditure.--The term `average 
        per-pupil expenditure' means, in the case of a State or of the 
        United States--
                    ``(A) without regard to the source of funds--
                            ``(i) the aggregate current expenditures, 
                        during the third fiscal year preceding the 
                        fiscal year for which the determination is made 
                        (or, if satisfactory data for that year are not 
                        available, during the most recent preceding 
                        fiscal year for which satisfactory data are 
                        available) of all local educational agencies in 
                        the State or, in the case of the United States, 
                        for all States (which, for the purpose of this 
                        paragraph, means the 50 States and the District 
                        of Columbia); plus
                            ``(ii) any direct current expenditures by 
                        the State for the operation of those agencies; 
                        divided by
                    ``(B) the aggregate number of children in average 
                daily attendance to whom those agencies provided free 
                public education during that preceding year.
            ``(3) Charter school.--The term `charter school' means a 
        public school that--
                    ``(A) in accordance with a specific State statute 
                authorizing the granting of charters to schools, is 
                exempt from significant State or local rules that 
                inhibit the flexible operation and management of public 
                schools, but not from any rules relating to the other 
                requirements of this paragraph;
                    ``(B) is created by a developer as a public school, 
                or is adapted by a developer from an existing public 
                school, and is operated under public supervision and 
                direction;
                    ``(C) operates in pursuit of a specific set of 
                educational objectives determined by the school's 
                developer and agreed to by the authorized public 
                chartering agency;
                    ``(D) provides a program of elementary or secondary 
                education, or both;
                    ``(E) is nonsectarian in its programs, admissions 
                policies, employment practices, and all other 
                operations, and is not affiliated with a sectarian 
                school or religious institution;
                    ``(F) does not charge tuition;
                    ``(G) complies with the Age Discrimination Act of 
                1975, title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, title 
                IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, section 504 of 
                the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and part B of the 
                Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;
                    ``(H) is a school to which parents choose to send 
                their children, and that admits students on the basis 
                of a lottery, if more students apply for admission than 
                can be accommodated;
                    ``(I) agrees to comply with the same Federal and 
                State audit requirements as do other elementary schools 
                and secondary schools in the State, unless such 
                requirements are specifically waived for the purpose of 
                this program;
                    ``(J) meets all applicable Federal, State, and 
                local health and safety requirements;
                    ``(K) operates in accordance with State law;
                    ``(L) has a written performance contract with the 
                authorized public chartering agency in the State that 
                includes a description of how student performance will 
                be measured in charter schools pursuant to State 
                assessments that are required of other schools and 
                pursuant to any other assessments mutually agreeable to 
                the authorized public chartering agency and the charter 
                school; and
                    ``(M) may serve prekindergarten or post secondary 
                students.
            ``(4) Child.--The term `child' means any person within the 
        age limits for which the State provides free public education.
            ``(5) Child with a disability.--The term `child with a 
        disability' has the same meaning given that term in section 602 
        of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
            ``(6) Community-based organization.--The term `community-
        based organization' means a public or private nonprofit 
        organization of demonstrated effectiveness that--
                    ``(A) is representative of a community or 
                significant segments of a community; and
                    ``(B) provides educational or related services to 
                individuals in the community.
            ``(7) Consolidated local application.--The term 
        `consolidated local application' means an application submitted 
        by a local educational agency pursuant to section 5305.
            ``(8) Consolidated local plan.--The term `consolidated 
        local plan' means a plan submitted by a local educational 
        agency pursuant to section 5305.
            ``(9) Consolidated state application.--The term 
        `consolidated State application' means an application submitted 
        by a State educational agency pursuant to section 5302.
            ``(10) Consolidated state plan.--The term `consolidated 
        State plan' means a plan submitted by a State educational 
        agency pursuant to section 5302.
            ``(11) Core academic subjects.--The term `core academic 
        subjects' means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, 
        science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, 
        arts, history, and geography.
            ``(12) County.--The term `county' means one of the 
        divisions of a State used by the Secretary of Commerce in 
        compiling and reporting data regarding counties.
            ``(13) Covered program.--The term `covered program' means 
        each of the programs authorized by--
                    ``(A) part A of title I;
                    ``(B) title II; and
                    ``(C) title III.
            ``(14) Current expenditures.--The term `current 
        expenditures' means expenditures for free public education--
                    ``(A) including expenditures for administration, 
                instruction, attendance and health services, pupil 
                transportation services, operation and maintenance of 
                plant, fixed charges, and net expenditures to cover 
                deficits for food services and student body activities; 
                but
                    ``(B) not including expenditures for community 
                services, capital outlay, and debt service, or any 
                expenditures made from funds received under title I.
            ``(15) Department.--The term `Department' means the 
        Department of Education.
            ``(16) Direct student services.--The term `direct student 
        services' means public school choice or high-quality academic 
        tutoring that are designed to help increase academic 
        achievement for students.
            ``(17) Distance education.--The term `distance education' 
        means the use of one or more technologies to deliver 
        instruction to students who are separated from the instructor 
        and to support regular and substantive interaction between the 
        students and the instructor synchronously or nonsynchronously.
            ``(18) Educational service agency.--The term `educational 
        service agency' means a regional public multiservice agency 
        authorized by State statute to develop, manage, and provide 
        services or programs to local educational agencies.
            ``(19) Elementary school.--The term `elementary school' 
        means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, 
        including a public elementary charter school, that provides 
        elementary education, as determined under State law.
            ``(20) English learner.--The term `English learner', when 
        used with respect to an individual, means an individual--
                    ``(A) who is aged 3 through 21;
                    ``(B) who is enrolled or preparing to enroll in an 
                elementary school or secondary school;
                    ``(C)(i) who was not born in the United States or 
                whose native language is a language other than English;
                    ``(ii)(I) who is a Native American or Alaska 
                Native, or a native resident of the outlying areas; and
                    ``(II) who comes from an environment where a 
                language other than English has had a significant 
                impact on the individual's level of English language 
                proficiency; or
                    ``(iii) who is migratory, whose native language is 
                a language other than English, and who comes from an 
                environment where a language other than English is 
                dominant; and
                    ``(D) whose difficulties in speaking, reading, 
                writing, or understanding the English language may be 
                sufficient to deny the individual--
                            ``(i) the ability to meet the State's 
                        academic standards described in section 1111;
                            ``(ii) the ability to successfully achieve 
                        in classrooms where the language of instruction 
                        is English; or
                            ``(iii) the opportunity to participate 
                        fully in society.
            ``(21) Extended-year adjusted cohort graduation rate.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `extended-year adjusted 
                cohort graduation rate' means the ratio where--
                            ``(i) the denominator consists of the 
                        number of students who form the original cohort 
                        of entering first-time 9th grade students 
                        enrolled in the high school no later than the 
                        effective date for student membership data 
                        submitted annually by State educational 
                        agencies to the National Center for Education 
                        Statistics under section 153 of the Education 
                        Sciences Reform Act, adjusted by--
                                    ``(I) adding the students who 
                                joined that cohort, after the time of 
                                the determination of the original 
                                cohort; and
                                    ``(II) subtracting only those 
                                students who left that cohort, after 
                                the time of the determination of the 
                                original cohort, as described in 
                                subparagraph (B); and
                            ``(ii) the numerator consists of the number 
                        of students in the cohort, as adjusted under 
                        clause (i), who earned a regular high school 
                        diploma before, during, or at the conclusion 
                        of--
                                    ``(I) one or more additional years 
                                beyond the fourth year of high school; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) a summer session immediately 
                                following the additional year of high 
                                school.
                    ``(B) Cohort removal.--To remove a student from a 
                cohort, a school or local educational agency shall 
                require documentation to confirm that the student has 
                transferred out, emigrated to another country, 
                transferred to a prison or juvenile facility, or is 
                deceased.
                    ``(C) Transferred out.--
                            ``(i) In general.--For purposes of this 
                        paragraph, the term `transferred out' means a 
                        student who the high school or local 
                        educational agency has confirmed, according to 
                        clause (ii), has transferred--
                                    ``(I) to another school from which 
                                the student is expected to receive a 
                                regular high school diploma; or
                                    ``(II) to another educational 
                                program from which the student is 
                                expected to receive a regular high 
                                school diploma.
                            ``(ii) Confirmation requirements.--
                                    ``(I) Documentation required.--The 
                                confirmation of a student's transfer to 
                                another school or educational program 
                                described in clause (i) requires 
                                documentation from the receiving school 
                                or program that the student enrolled in 
                                the receiving school or program.
                                    ``(II) Lack of confirmation.--A 
                                student who was enrolled, but for whom 
                                there is no confirmation of the student 
                                having transferred out, shall remain in 
                                the denominator of the extended-year 
                                adjusted cohort.
                            ``(iii) Programs not providing credit.--A 
                        student who is retained in grade or who is 
                        enrolled in a GED or other alternative 
                        educational program that does not issue or 
                        provide credit toward the issuance of a regular 
                        high school diploma shall not be considered 
                        transferred out and shall remain in the 
                        extended-year adjusted cohort.
                    ``(D) Special rule.--For those high schools that 
                start after grade 9, the original cohort shall be 
                calculated for the earliest high school grade students 
                attend no later than the effective date for student 
                membership data submitted annually by State educational 
                agencies to the National Center for Education 
                Statistics pursuant to section 153 of the Education 
                Sciences Reform Act.
            ``(22) Family literacy services.--The term `family literacy 
        services' means services provided to participants on a 
        voluntary basis that are of sufficient intensity in terms of 
        hours, and of sufficient duration, to make sustainable changes 
        in a family, and that integrate all of the following 
        activities:
                    ``(A) Interactive literacy activities between 
                parents and their children.
                    ``(B) Training for parents regarding how to be the 
                primary teacher for their children and full partners in 
                the education of their children.
                    ``(C) Parent literacy training that leads to 
                economic self-sufficiency.
                    ``(D) An age-appropriate education to prepare 
                children for success in school and life experiences.
            ``(23) Four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `four-year adjusted 
                cohort graduation rate' means the ratio where--
                            ``(i) the denominator consists of the 
                        number of students who form the original cohort 
                        of entering first-time 9th grade students 
                        enrolled in the high school no later than the 
                        effective date for student membership data 
                        submitted annually by State educational 
                        agencies to the National Center for Education 
                        Statistics pursuant to section 153 of the 
                        Education Sciences Reform Act, adjusted by--
                                    ``(I) adding the students who 
                                joined that cohort, after the time of 
                                the determination of the original 
                                cohort; and
                                    ``(II) subtracting only those 
                                students who left that cohort, after 
                                the time of the determination of the 
                                original cohort, as described in 
                                subparagraph (B); and
                            ``(ii) the numerator consists of the number 
                        of students in the cohort, as adjusted under 
                        clause (i), who earned a regular high school 
                        diploma before, during, or at the conclusion 
                        of--
                                    ``(I) the fourth year of high 
                                school; or
                                    ``(II) a summer session immediately 
                                following the fourth year of high 
                                school.
                    ``(B) Cohort removal.--To remove a student from a 
                cohort, a school or local educational agency shall 
                require documentation to confirm that the student has 
                transferred out, emigrated to another country, 
                transferred to a prison or juvenile facility, or is 
                deceased.
                    ``(C) Transferred out.--
                            ``(i) In general.--For purposes of this 
                        paragraph, the term `transferred out' means a 
                        student who the high school or local 
                        educational agency has confirmed, according to 
                        clause (ii), has transferred--
                                    ``(I) to another school from which 
                                the student is expected to receive a 
                                regular high school diploma; or
                                    ``(II) to another educational 
                                program from which the student is 
                                expected to receive a regular high 
                                school diploma.
                            ``(ii) Confirmation requirements.--
                                    ``(I) Documentation required.--The 
                                confirmation of a student's transfer to 
                                another school or educational program 
                                described in clause (i) requires 
                                documentation from the receiving school 
                                or program that the student enrolled in 
                                the receiving school or program.
                                    ``(II) Lack of confirmation.--A 
                                student who was enrolled, but for whom 
                                there is no confirmation of the student 
                                having transferred out, shall remain in 
                                the adjusted cohort.
                            ``(iii) Programs not providing credit.--A 
                        student who is retained in grade or who is 
                        enrolled in a GED or other alternative 
                        educational program that does not issue or 
                        provide credit toward the issuance of a regular 
                        high school diploma shall not be considered 
                        transferred out and shall remain in the 
                        adjusted cohort.
                    ``(D) Special rule.--For those high schools that 
                start after grade 9, the original cohort shall be 
                calculated for the earliest high school grade students 
                attend no later than the effective date for student 
                membership data submitted annually by State educational 
                agencies to the National Center for Education 
                Statistics pursuant to section 153 of the Education 
                Sciences Reform Act.
            ``(24) Free public education.--The term `free public 
        education' means education that is provided--
                    ``(A) at public expense, under public supervision 
                and direction, and without tuition charge; and
                    ``(B) as elementary school or secondary school 
                education as determined under applicable State law, 
                except that the term does not include any education 
                provided beyond grade 12.
            ``(25) Gifted and talented.--The term `gifted and 
        talented', when used with respect to students, children, or 
        youth, means students, children, or youth who give evidence of 
        high achievement capability in areas such as intellectual, 
        creative, artistic, or leadership capacity, or in specific 
        academic fields, and who need services or activities not 
        ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop 
        those capabilities.
            ``(26) High-quality academic tutoring.--The term `high-
        quality academic tutoring' means supplemental academic services 
        that--
                    ``(A) are in addition to instruction provided 
                during the school day;
                    ``(B) are provided by a non-governmental entity or 
                local educational agency that--
                            ``(i) is included on a State educational 
                        agency approved provider list after 
                        demonstrating to the State educational agency 
                        that its program consistently improves the 
                        academic achievement of students; and
                            ``(ii) agrees to provide parents of 
                        children receiving high-quality academic 
                        tutoring, the appropriate local educational 
                        agency, and school with information on 
                        participating students increases in academic 
                        achievement, in a format, and to the extent 
                        practicable, a language that such parent can 
                        understand, and in a manner that protects the 
                        privacy of individuals consistent with section 
                        444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 
                        U.S.C. 1232g);
                    ``(C) are selected by the parents of students who 
                are identified by the local educational agency as being 
                eligible for such services from among providers on the 
                approved provider list described in subparagraph 
                (B)(i);
                    ``(D) meet all applicable Federal, State, and local 
                health, safety, and civil rights laws; and
                    ``(E) ensure that all instruction and content are 
                secular, neutral, and non-ideological.
            ``(27) High school.--The term `high school' means a 
        secondary school that--
                    ``(A) grants a diploma, as defined by the State; 
                and
                    ``(B) includes, at least, grade 12.
            ``(28) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        `institution of higher education' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965.
            ``(29) Local educational agency.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `local educational 
                agency' means a public board of education or other 
                public authority legally constituted within a State for 
                either administrative control or direction of, or to 
                perform a service function for, public elementary 
                schools or secondary schools in a city, county, 
                township, school district, or other political 
                subdivision of a State, or of or for a combination of 
                school districts or counties that is recognized in a 
                State as an administrative agency for its public 
                elementary schools or secondary schools.
                    ``(B) Administrative control and direction.--The 
                term includes any other public institution or agency 
                having administrative control and direction of a public 
                elementary school or secondary school.
                    ``(C) BIE schools.--The term includes an elementary 
                school or secondary school funded by the Bureau of 
                Indian Education but only to the extent that including 
                the school makes the school eligible for programs for 
                which specific eligibility is not provided to the 
                school in another provision of law and the school does 
                not have a student population that is smaller than the 
                student population of the local educational agency 
                receiving assistance under this Act with the smallest 
                student population, except that the school shall not be 
                subject to the jurisdiction of any State educational 
                agency other than the Bureau of Indian Education.
                    ``(D) Educational service agencies.--The term 
                includes educational service agencies and consortia of 
                those agencies.
                    ``(E) State educational agency.--The term includes 
                the State educational agency in a State in which the 
                State educational agency is the sole educational agency 
                for all public schools.
            ``(30) Native american and native american language.--The 
        terms `Native American' and `Native American language' have the 
        same meaning given those terms in section 103 of the Native 
        American Languages Act of 1990.
            ``(31) Other staff.--The term `other staff' means 
        specialized instructional support personnel, librarians, career 
        guidance and counseling personnel, education aides, and other 
        instructional and administrative personnel.
            ``(32) Outlying area.--The term `outlying area'--
                    ``(A) means American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the 
                Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the United States 
                Virgin Islands;
                    ``(B) means the Republic of Palau, to the extent 
                permitted under section 105(f)(1)(B)(ix) of the Compact 
                of Free Association Amendments Act of 2003 (Public Law 
                99-658; 117 Stat. 2751) and until an agreement for the 
                extension of United States education assistance under 
                the Compact of Free Association becomes effective for 
                the Republic of Palau; and
                    ``(C) for the purpose of any discretionary grant 
                program under this Act, includes the Republic of the 
                Marshall Islands and the Federated States of 
                Micronesia, to the extent permitted under section 
                105(f)(1)(B)(viii) of the Compact of Free Association 
                Amendments Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-188; 117 Stat. 
                2751).
            ``(33) Parent.--The term `parent' includes a legal guardian 
        or other person standing in loco parentis (such as a 
        grandparent, stepparent, or foster parent with whom the child 
        lives, or a person who is legally responsible for the child's 
        welfare).
            ``(34) Parental involvement.--The term `parental 
        involvement' means the participation of parents in regular, 
        two-way, and meaningful communication involving student 
        academic learning and other school activities, including 
        ensuring--
                    ``(A) that parents play an integral role in 
                assisting in their child's learning;
                    ``(B) that parents are encouraged to be actively 
                involved in their child's education at school;
                    ``(C) that parents are full partners in their 
                child's education and are included, as appropriate, in 
                decisionmaking and on advisory committees to assist in 
                the education of their child; and
                    ``(D) the carrying out of other activities, such as 
                those described in section 1118.
            ``(35) Poverty line.--The term `poverty line' means the 
        poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget 
        and revised annually in accordance with section 673(2) of the 
        Community Services Block Grant Act) applicable to a family of 
        the size involved.
            ``(36) Professional development.--The term `professional 
        development'--
                    ``(A) includes evidence-based, job-embedded, 
                continuous activities that--
                            ``(i) improve and increase teachers' 
                        knowledge of the academic subjects the teachers 
                        teach, and enable teachers to become effective 
                        educators;
                            ``(ii) are an integral part of broad 
                        schoolwide and districtwide educational 
                        improvement plans;
                            ``(iii) give teachers, school leaders, 
                        other staff, and administrators the knowledge 
                        and skills to provide students with the 
                        opportunity to meet State academic standards;
                            ``(iv) improve classroom management skills;
                            ``(v)(I) have a positive and lasting impact 
                        on classroom instruction and the teacher's 
                        performance in the classroom; and
                            ``(II) are not 1-day or short-term 
                        workshops or conferences;
                            ``(vi) support the recruiting, hiring, and 
                        training of effective teachers, including 
                        teachers who became certified or licensed 
                        through State and local alternative routes to 
                        certification;
                            ``(vii) advance teacher understanding of 
                        effective instructional strategies that are 
                        strategies for improving student academic 
                        achievement or substantially increasing the 
                        knowledge and teaching skills of teachers, 
                        including through addressing the social and 
                        emotional development needs of students;
                            ``(viii) are aligned with and directly 
                        related to--
                                    ``(I) State academic standards and 
                                assessments; and
                                    ``(II) the curricula and programs 
                                tied to the standards described in 
                                subclause (I);
                            ``(ix) are developed with extensive 
                        participation of teachers, school leaders, 
                        parents, and administrators of schools to be 
                        served under this Act;
                            ``(x) are designed to give teachers of 
                        English learners and other teachers and 
                        instructional staff, the knowledge and skills 
                        to provide instruction and appropriate language 
                        and academic support services to those 
                        children, including the appropriate use of 
                        curricula and assessments;
                            ``(xi) to the extent appropriate, provide 
                        training for teachers, other staff, and school 
                        leaders in the use of technology so that 
                        technology and technology applications are 
                        effectively used to improve teaching and 
                        learning in the curricula and core academic 
                        subjects in which the students receive 
                        instruction;
                            ``(xii) as a whole, are regularly evaluated 
                        for their impact on increased teacher 
                        effectiveness and improved student academic 
                        achievement, with the findings of the 
                        evaluations used to improve the quality of the 
                        professional development;
                            ``(xiii) provide instruction in methods of 
                        teaching children with special needs;
                            ``(xiv) include instruction in the use of 
                        data and assessments to inform and instruct 
                        classroom practice; and
                            ``(xv) include instruction in ways that 
                        teachers, school leaders, specialized 
                        instructional support personnel, other staff, 
                        and school administrators may work more 
                        effectively with parents; and
                    ``(B) may include evidence-based, job-embedded, 
                continuous activities that--
                            ``(i) involve the forming of partnerships 
                        with institutions of higher education to 
                        establish school-based teacher training 
                        programs that provide prospective teachers and 
                        new teachers with an opportunity to work under 
                        the guidance of experienced teachers and 
                        college faculty;
                            ``(ii) create programs to enable 
                        paraprofessionals (assisting teachers employed 
                        by a local educational agency receiving 
                        assistance under subpart 1 of part A of title 
                        I) to obtain the education necessary for those 
                        paraprofessionals to become certified and 
                        licensed teachers; and
                            ``(iii) provide follow-up training to 
                        individuals who have participated in activities 
                        described in subparagraph (A) or another clause 
                        of this subparagraph that are designed to 
                        ensure that the knowledge and skills learned by 
                        the teachers are implemented in the classroom.
            ``(37) Regular high school diploma.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `regular high school 
                diploma' means the standard high school diploma awarded 
                to the preponderance of students in the State that is 
                fully aligned with State standards, or a higher 
                diploma. Such term shall not include a GED or other 
                recognized equivalent of a diploma, a certificate of 
                attendance, or any lesser diploma award.
                    ``(B) Exception for students with significant 
                cognitive disabilities.--For a student who is assessed 
                using an alternate assessment aligned to alternate 
                academic standards under section 1111(b)(1)(D), receipt 
                of a regular high school diploma as defined under 
                subparagraph (A) or a State-defined alternate diploma 
                obtained within the time period for which the State 
                ensures the availability of a free appropriate public 
                education and in accordance with section 612(a)(1) of 
                the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act shall 
                be counted as graduating with a regular high school 
                diploma for the purposes of this Act.
            ``(38) School leader.--The term `school leader' means a 
        principal, assistant principal, or other individual who is--
                    ``(A) an employee or officer of a school, local 
                educational agency, or other entity operating the 
                school; and
                    ``(B) responsible for--
                            ``(i) the daily instructional leadership 
                        and managerial operations of the school; and
                            ``(ii) creating the optimum conditions for 
                        student learning.
            ``(39) Secondary school.--The term `secondary school' means 
        a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including 
        a public secondary charter school, that provides secondary 
        education, as determined under State law, except that the term 
        does not include any education beyond grade 12.
            ``(40) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
        of Education.
            ``(41) Specialized instructional support personnel; 
        specialized instructional support services.--
                    ``(A) Specialized instructional support 
                personnel.--The term `specialized instructional support 
                personnel' means school counselors, school social 
                workers, school psychologists, and other qualified 
                professional personnel involved in providing 
                assessment, diagnosis, counseling, educational, 
                therapeutic, and other necessary services (including 
                related services as that term is defined in section 602 
                of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) as 
                part of a comprehensive program to meet student needs.
                    ``(B) Specialized instructional support services.--
                The term `specialized instructional support services' 
                means the services provided by specialized 
                instructional support personnel.
            ``(42) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 
        States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico, and each of the outlying areas.
            ``(43) State educational agency.--The term `State 
        educational agency' means the agency primarily responsible for 
        the State supervision of public elementary schools and 
        secondary schools.
            ``(44) Technology.--The term `technology' means modern 
        information, computer and communication technology products, 
        services, or tools, including, but not limited to, the Internet 
        and other communications networks, computer devices and other 
        computer and communications hardware, software applications, 
        data systems, and other electronic content and data storage.

``SEC. 5102. APPLICABILITY OF TITLE.

    ``Parts B, C, D, and E of this title do not apply to title IV of 
this Act.

``SEC. 5103. APPLICABILITY TO BUREAU OF INDIAN EDUCATION OPERATED 
              SCHOOLS.

    ``For the purpose of any competitive program under this Act--
            ``(1) a consortium of schools operated by the Bureau of 
        Indian Education;
            ``(2) a school operated under a contract or grant with the 
        Bureau of Indian Education in consortium with another contract 
        or grant school or a tribal or community organization; or
            ``(3) a Bureau of Indian Education school in consortium 
        with an institution of higher education, a contract or grant 
        school, or a tribal or community organization,
shall be given the same consideration as a local educational agency.

   ``PART B--FLEXIBILITY IN THE USE OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND OTHER FUNDS

``SEC. 5201. CONSOLIDATION OF STATE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNDS FOR ELEMENTARY 
              AND SECONDARY EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Consolidation of Administrative Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency may 
        consolidate the amounts specifically made available to it for 
        State administration under one or more of the programs under 
        paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Applicability.--This section applies to any program 
        under this Act under which funds are authorized to be used for 
        administration, and such other programs as the Secretary may 
        designate.
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency shall use the 
        amount available under this section for the administration of 
        the programs included in the consolidation under subsection 
        (a).
            ``(2) Additional uses.--A State educational agency may also 
        use funds available under this section for administrative 
        activities designed to enhance the effective and coordinated 
        use of funds under programs included in the consolidation under 
        subsection (a), such as--
                    ``(A) the coordination of those programs with other 
                Federal and non-Federal programs;
                    ``(B) the establishment and operation of peer-
                review mechanisms under this Act;
                    ``(C) the administration of this title;
                    ``(D) the dissemination of information regarding 
                model programs and practices;
                    ``(E) technical assistance under any program under 
                this Act;
                    ``(F) State-level activities designed to carry out 
                this title;
                    ``(G) training personnel engaged in audit and other 
                monitoring activities; and
                    ``(H) implementation of the Cooperative Audit 
                Resolution and Oversight Initiative of the Department.
    ``(c) Records.--A State educational agency that consolidates 
administrative funds under this section shall not be required to keep 
separate records, by individual program, to account for costs relating 
to the administration of programs included in the consolidation under 
subsection (a).
    ``(d) Review.--To determine the effectiveness of State 
administration under this section, the Secretary may periodically 
review the performance of State educational agencies in using 
consolidated administrative funds under this section and take such 
steps as the Secretary finds appropriate to ensure the effectiveness of 
that administration.
    ``(e) Unused Administrative Funds.--If a State educational agency 
does not use all of the funds available to the agency under this 
section for administration, the agency may use those funds during the 
applicable period of availability as funds available under one or more 
programs included in the consolidation under subsection (a).
    ``(f) Consolidation of Funds for Standards and Assessment 
Development.--In order to develop State academic standards and 
assessments, a State educational agency may consolidate the amounts 
described in subsection (a) for those purposes under title I.

``SEC. 5202. SINGLE LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY STATES.

    ``A State educational agency that also serves as a local 
educational agency shall, in its applications or plans under this Act, 
describe how the agency will eliminate duplication in conducting 
administrative functions.

``SEC. 5203. CONSOLIDATED SET-ASIDE FOR DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
              FUNDS.

    ``(a) General Authority.--
            ``(1) Transfer.--The Secretary shall transfer to the 
        Department of the Interior, as a consolidated amount for 
        covered programs, the Indian education programs under subpart 6 
        of part A of title I, and the education for homeless children 
        and youth program under subtitle B of title VII of the 
        McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, the amounts allotted to 
        the Department of the Interior under those programs.
            ``(2) Agreement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary and the Secretary 
                of the Interior shall enter into an agreement, 
                consistent with the requirements of the programs 
                specified in paragraph (1), for the distribution and 
                use of those program funds under terms that the 
                Secretary determines best meet the purposes of those 
                programs.
                    ``(B) Contents.--The agreement shall--
                            ``(i) set forth the plans of the Secretary 
                        of the Interior for the use of the amount 
                        transferred and the achievement measures to 
                        assess program effectiveness; and
                            ``(ii) be developed in consultation with 
                        Indian tribes.
    ``(b) Administration.--The Department of the Interior may use not 
more than 1.5 percent of the funds consolidated under this section for 
its costs related to the administration of the funds transferred under 
this section.

``PART C--COORDINATION OF PROGRAMS; CONSOLIDATED STATE AND LOCAL PLANS 
                            AND APPLICATIONS

``SEC. 5301. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are--
            ``(1) to improve teaching and learning by encouraging 
        greater cross-program coordination, planning, and service 
        delivery;
            ``(2) to provide greater flexibility to State and local 
        authorities through consolidated plans, applications, and 
        reporting; and
            ``(3) to enhance the integration of programs under this Act 
        with State and local programs.

``SEC. 5302. OPTIONAL CONSOLIDATED STATE PLANS OR APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) General Authority.--
            ``(1) Simplification.--In order to simplify application 
        requirements and reduce the burden for State educational 
        agencies under this Act, the Secretary, in accordance with 
        subsection (b), shall establish procedures and criteria under 
        which, after consultation with the Governor, a State 
        educational agency may submit a consolidated State plan or a 
        consolidated State application meeting the requirements of this 
        section for--
                    ``(A) each of the covered programs in which the 
                State participates; and
                    ``(B) such other programs as the Secretary may 
                designate.
            ``(2) Consolidated applications and plans.--After 
        consultation with the Governor, a State educational agency that 
        submits a consolidated State plan or a consolidated State 
        application under this section shall not be required to submit 
        separate State plans or applications under any of the programs 
        to which the consolidated State plan or consolidated State 
        application under this section applies.
    ``(b) Collaboration.--
            ``(1) In general.--In establishing criteria and procedures 
        under this section, the Secretary shall collaborate with State 
        educational agencies and, as appropriate, with other State 
        agencies, local educational agencies, public and private 
        agencies, organizations, and institutions, private schools, and 
        parents, students, and teachers.
            ``(2) Contents.--Through the collaborative process 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall establish, for 
        each program under this Act to which this section applies, the 
        descriptions, information, assurances, and other material 
        required to be included in a consolidated State plan or 
        consolidated State application.
            ``(3) Necessary materials.--The Secretary shall require 
        only descriptions, information, assurances (including 
        assurances of compliance with applicable provisions regarding 
        participation by private school children and teachers), and 
        other materials that are absolutely necessary for the 
        consideration of the consolidated State plan or consolidated 
        State application.

``SEC. 5303. CONSOLIDATED REPORTING.

    ``(a) In General.--In order to simplify reporting requirements and 
reduce reporting burdens, the Secretary shall establish procedures and 
criteria under which a State educational agency, in consultation with 
the Governor of the State, may submit a consolidated State annual 
report.
    ``(b) Contents.--The report shall contain information about the 
programs included in the report, including the performance of the State 
under those programs, and other matters as the Secretary determines are 
necessary, such as monitoring activities.
    ``(c) Replacement.--The report shall replace separate individual 
annual reports for the programs included in the consolidated State 
annual report.

``SEC. 5304. GENERAL APPLICABILITY OF STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY 
              ASSURANCES.

    ``(a) Assurances.--A State educational agency, in consultation with 
the Governor of the State, that submits a consolidated State plan or 
consolidated State application under this Act, whether separately or 
under section 5302, shall have on file with the Secretary a single set 
of assurances, applicable to each program for which the plan or 
application is submitted, that provides that--
            ``(1) each such program will be administered in accordance 
        with all applicable statutes, regulations, program plans, and 
        applications;
            ``(2)(A) the control of funds provided under each such 
        program and title to property acquired with program funds will 
        be in a public agency, an eligible private agency, institution, 
        or organization, or an Indian tribe, if the law authorizing the 
        program provides for assistance to those entities; and
            ``(B) the public agency, eligible private agency, 
        institution, or organization, or Indian tribe will administer 
        those funds and property to the extent required by the 
        authorizing law;
            ``(3) the State will adopt and use proper methods of 
        administering each such program, including--
                    ``(A) the enforcement of any obligations imposed by 
                law on agencies, institutions, organizations, and other 
                recipients responsible for carrying out each program;
                    ``(B) the correction of deficiencies in program 
                operations that are identified through audits, 
                monitoring, or evaluation; and
                    ``(C) the adoption of written procedures for the 
                receipt and resolution of complaints alleging 
                violations of law in the administration of the 
                programs;
            ``(4) the State will cooperate in carrying out any 
        evaluation of each such program conducted by or for the 
        Secretary or other Federal officials;
            ``(5) the State will use such fiscal control and fund 
        accounting procedures that will ensure proper disbursement of, 
        and accounting for, Federal funds paid to the State under each 
        such program;
            ``(6) the State will--
                    ``(A) make reports to the Secretary as may be 
                necessary to enable the Secretary to perform the 
                Secretary's duties under each such program; and
                    ``(B) maintain such records, provide such 
                information to the Secretary, and afford such access to 
                the records as the Secretary may find necessary to 
                carry out the Secretary's duties; and
            ``(7) before the plan or application was submitted to the 
        Secretary, the State afforded a reasonable opportunity for 
        public comment on the plan or application and considered such 
        comment.
    ``(b) GEPA Provision.--Section 441 of the General Education 
Provisions Act shall not apply to programs under this Act.

``SEC. 5305. CONSOLIDATED LOCAL PLANS OR APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) General Authority.--
            ``(1) Consolidated plan.--A local educational agency 
        receiving funds under more than one covered program may submit 
        plans or applications to the State educational agency under 
        those programs on a consolidated basis.
            ``(2) Availability to governor.--The State educational 
        agency shall make any consolidated local plans and applications 
        available to the Governor.
    ``(b) Required Consolidated Plans or Applications.--A State 
educational agency that has an approved consolidated State plan or 
application under section 5302 may require local educational agencies 
in the State receiving funds under more than one program included in 
the consolidated State plan or consolidated State application to submit 
consolidated local plans or applications under those programs, but may 
not require those agencies to submit separate plans.
    ``(c) Collaboration.--A State educational agency, in consultation 
with the Governor, shall collaborate with local educational agencies in 
the State in establishing procedures for the submission of the 
consolidated State plans or consolidated State applications under this 
section.
    ``(d) Necessary Materials.--The State educational agency shall 
require only descriptions, information, assurances, and other material 
that are absolutely necessary for the consideration of the local 
educational agency plan or application.

``SEC. 5306. OTHER GENERAL ASSURANCES.

    ``(a) Assurances.--Any applicant, other than a State educational 
agency that submits a plan or application under this Act, shall have on 
file with the State educational agency a single set of assurances, 
applicable to each program for which a plan or application is 
submitted, that provides that--
            ``(1) each such program will be administered in accordance 
        with all applicable statutes, regulations, program plans, and 
        applications;
            ``(2)(A) the control of funds provided under each such 
        program and title to property acquired with program funds will 
        be in a public agency or in an eligible private agency, 
        institution, organization, or Indian tribe, if the law 
        authorizing the program provides for assistance to those 
        entities; and
            ``(B) the public agency, eligible private agency, 
        institution, or organization, or Indian tribe will administer 
        the funds and property to the extent required by the 
        authorizing statutes;
            ``(3) the applicant will adopt and use proper methods of 
        administering each such program, including--
                    ``(A) the enforcement of any obligations imposed by 
                law on agencies, institutions, organizations, and other 
                recipients responsible for carrying out each program; 
                and
                    ``(B) the correction of deficiencies in program 
                operations that are identified through audits, 
                monitoring, or evaluation;
            ``(4) the applicant will cooperate in carrying out any 
        evaluation of each such program conducted by or for the State 
        educational agency, the Secretary, or other Federal officials;
            ``(5) the applicant will use such fiscal control and fund 
        accounting procedures as will ensure proper disbursement of, 
        and accounting for, Federal funds paid to the applicant under 
        each such program;
            ``(6) the applicant will--
                    ``(A) submit such reports to the State educational 
                agency (which shall make the reports available to the 
                Governor) and the Secretary as the State educational 
                agency and Secretary may require to enable the State 
                educational agency and the Secretary to perform their 
                duties under each such program; and
                    ``(B) maintain such records, provide such 
                information, and afford such access to the records as 
                the State educational agency (after consultation with 
                the Governor) or the Secretary may reasonably require 
                to carry out the State educational agency's or the 
                Secretary's duties; and
            ``(7) before the application was submitted, the applicant 
        afforded a reasonable opportunity for public comment on the 
        application and considered such comment.
    ``(b) GEPA Provision.--Section 442 of the General Education 
Provisions Act shall not apply to programs under this Act.

                           ``PART D--WAIVERS

``SEC. 5401. WAIVERS OF STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS.

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Request for waiver.--A State educational agency, 
        local educational agency, or Indian tribe that receives funds 
        under a program authorized under this Act may submit a request 
        to the Secretary to waive any statutory or regulatory 
        requirement of this Act.
            ``(2) Receipt of waiver.--Except as provided in subsection 
        (c) and subject to the limits in subsection (b)(5)(A), the 
        Secretary shall waive any statutory or regulatory requirement 
        of this Act for a State educational agency, local educational 
        agency, Indian tribe, or school (through a local educational 
        agency), that submits a waiver request pursuant to this 
        subsection.
    ``(b) Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency, local 
        educational agency, or Indian tribe that desires a waiver under 
        this section shall submit a waiver request to the Secretary, 
        which shall include a plan that--
                    ``(A) identifies the Federal programs affected by 
                the requested waiver;
                    ``(B) describes which Federal statutory or 
                regulatory requirements are to be waived;
                    ``(C) reasonably demonstrates that the waiver will 
                improve instruction for students and advance student 
                academic achievement;
                    ``(D) describes the methods the State educational 
                agency, local educational agency, or Indian tribe will 
                use to monitor the effectiveness of the implementation 
                of the plan; and
                    ``(E) describes how schools will continue to 
                provide assistance to the same populations served by 
                programs for which the waiver is requested.
            ``(2) Additional information.--A waiver request under this 
        section--
                    ``(A) may provide for waivers of requirements 
                applicable to State educational agencies, local 
                educational agencies, Indian tribes, and schools; and
                    ``(B) shall be developed and submitted--
                            ``(i)(I) by local educational agencies (on 
                        behalf of those agencies and schools) to State 
                        educational agencies; and
                            ``(II) by State educational agencies (on 
                        their own behalf, or on behalf of, and based on 
                        the requests of, local educational agencies in 
                        the State) to the Secretary; or
                            ``(ii) by Indian tribes (on behalf of 
                        schools operated by the tribes) to the 
                        Secretary.
            ``(3) General requirements.--
                    ``(A) State educational agencies.--In the case of a 
                waiver request submitted by a State educational agency 
                acting on its own behalf, or on behalf of local 
                educational agencies in the State, the State 
                educational agency shall--
                            ``(i) provide the public and local 
                        educational agencies in the State with notice 
                        and a reasonable opportunity to comment and 
                        provide input on the request;
                            ``(ii) submit the comments and input to the 
                        Secretary, with a description of how the State 
                        addressed the comments and input; and
                            ``(iii) provide notice and a reasonable 
                        time to comment to the public and local 
                        educational agencies in the manner in which the 
                        applying agency customarily provides similar 
                        notice and opportunity to comment to the 
                        public.
                    ``(B) Local educational agencies.--In the case of a 
                waiver request submitted by a local educational agency 
                that receives funds under this Act--
                            ``(i) the request shall be reviewed by the 
                        State educational agency and be accompanied by 
                        the comments, if any, of the State educational 
                        agency and the public; and
                            ``(ii) notice and a reasonable opportunity 
                        to comment regarding the waiver request shall 
                        be provided to the State educational agency and 
                        the public by the agency requesting the waiver 
                        in the manner in which that agency customarily 
                        provides similar notice and opportunity to 
                        comment to the public.
            ``(4) Peer review.--
                    ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
                a multi-disciplinary peer review team, which shall meet 
                the requirements of section 5543, to review waiver 
                requests under this section.
                    ``(B) Applicability.--The Secretary may approve a 
                waiver request under this section without conducting a 
                peer review of the request, but shall use the peer 
                review process under this paragraph before disapproving 
                such a request.
                    ``(C) Standard and nature of review.--Peer 
                reviewers shall conduct a good faith review of waiver 
                requests submitted to them under this section. Peer 
                reviewers shall review such waiver requests--
                            ``(i) in their totality;
                            ``(ii) in deference to State and local 
                        judgment; and
                            ``(iii) with the goal of promoting State- 
                        and local-led innovation.
            ``(5) Waiver determination, demonstration, and revision.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall approve a 
                waiver request not more than 60 days after the date on 
                which such request is submitted, unless the Secretary 
                determines and demonstrates that--
                            ``(i) the waiver request does not meet the 
                        requirements of this section;
                            ``(ii) the waiver is not permitted under 
                        subsection (c);
                            ``(iii) the plan that is required under 
                        paragraph (1)(C), and reviewed with deference 
                        to State and local judgment, provides no 
                        reasonable evidence to determine that a waiver 
                        will enhance student academic achievement; or
                            ``(iv) the waiver request does not provide 
                        for adequate evaluation to ensure review and 
                        continuous improvement of the plan.
                    ``(B) Waiver determination and revision.--If the 
                Secretary determines and demonstrates that the waiver 
                request does not meet the requirements of this section, 
                the Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) immediately--
                                    ``(I) notify the State educational 
                                agency, local educational agency, or 
                                Indian tribe of such determination; and
                                    ``(II) at the request of the State 
                                educational agency, local educational 
                                agency, or Indian tribe, provide 
                                detailed reasons for such determination 
                                in writing;
                            ``(ii) offer the State educational agency, 
                        local educational agency, or Indian tribe an 
                        opportunity to revise and resubmit the waiver 
                        request not more than 60 days after the date of 
                        such determination; and
                            ``(iii) if the Secretary determines that 
                        the resubmission does not meet the requirements 
                        of this section, at the request of the State 
                        educational agency, local educational agency, 
                        or Indian tribe, conduct a public hearing not 
                        more than 30 days after the date of such 
                        resubmission.
                    ``(C) Waiver disapproval.--The Secretary may 
                disapprove a waiver request if--
                            ``(i) the State educational agency, local 
                        educational agency, or Indian tribe has been 
                        notified and offered an opportunity to revise 
                        and resubmit the waiver request, as described 
                        under clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (B); 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the State educational agency, local 
                        educational agency, or Indian tribe--
                                    ``(I) does not revise and resubmit 
                                the waiver request; or
                                    ``(II) revises and resubmits the 
                                waiver request, and the Secretary 
                                determines that such waiver request 
                                does not meet the requirements of this 
                                section after a hearing conducted under 
                                subparagraph (B)(iii), if requested.
                    ``(D) External conditions.--The Secretary shall 
                not, directly or indirectly, require or impose new or 
                additional requirements in exchange for receipt of a 
                waiver if such requirements are not specified in this 
                Act.
    ``(c) Restrictions.--The Secretary shall not waive under this 
section any statutory or regulatory requirements relating to--
            ``(1) the allocation or distribution of funds to States, 
        local educational agencies, Indian tribes, or other recipients 
        of funds under this Act;
            ``(2) comparability of services;
            ``(3) use of Federal funds to supplement, not supplant, 
        non-Federal funds;
            ``(4) equitable participation of private school students 
        and teachers;
            ``(5) parental participation and involvement;
            ``(6) applicable civil rights requirements;
            ``(7) the prohibitions--
                    ``(A) in subpart 2 of part E;
                    ``(B) regarding use of funds for religious worship 
                or instruction in section 5505; and
                    ``(C) regarding activities in section 5524; or
            ``(8) the selection of a school attendance area or school 
        under subsections (a) and (b) of section 1113, except that the 
        Secretary may grant a waiver to allow a school attendance area 
        or school to participate in activities under subpart 1 of part 
        A of title I if the percentage of children from low-income 
        families in the school attendance area or who attend the school 
        is not more than 10 percentage points below the lowest 
        percentage of those children for any school attendance area or 
        school of the local educational agency that meets the 
        requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of section 1113.
    ``(d) Duration and Extension of Waiver; Limitations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), a 
        waiver approved by the Secretary under this section may be for 
        a period not to exceed 3 years.
            ``(2) Extension.--The Secretary may extend the period 
        described in paragraph (1) if the State demonstrates that--
                    ``(A) the waiver has been effective in enabling the 
                State or affected recipient to carry out the activities 
                for which the waiver was requested and the waiver has 
                contributed to improved student achievement; and
                    ``(B) the extension is in the public interest.
            ``(3) Specific limitations.--The Secretary shall not 
        require a State educational agency, local educational agency, 
        or Indian tribe, as a condition of approval of a waiver 
        request, to--
                    ``(A) include in, or delete from, such request, 
                specific academic standards, such as the Common Core 
                State Standards developed under the Common Core State 
                Standards Initiative or any other standards common to a 
                significant number of States;
                    ``(B) use specific academic assessment instruments 
                or items, including assessments aligned to the 
                standards described in subparagraph (A); or
                    ``(C) include in, or delete from, such waiver 
                request any criterion that specifies, defines, 
                describes, or prescribes the standards or measures that 
                a State or local educational agency or Indian tribe 
                uses to establish, implement, or improve--
                            ``(i) State academic standards;
                            ``(ii) academic assessments;
                            ``(iii) State accountability systems; or
                            ``(iv) teacher and school leader evaluation 
                        systems.
    ``(e) Reports.--
            ``(1) Waiver reports.--A State educational agency, local 
        educational agency, or Indian tribe that receives a waiver 
        under this section shall, at the end of the second year for 
        which a waiver is received under this section and each 
        subsequent year, submit a report to the Secretary that--
                    ``(A) describes the uses of the waiver by the 
                agency or by schools;
                    ``(B) describes how schools continued to provide 
                assistance to the same populations served by the 
                programs for which waivers were granted; and
                    ``(C) evaluates the progress of the agency and 
                schools, or Indian tribe, in improving the quality of 
                instruction or the academic achievement of students.
            ``(2) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall annually 
        submit to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report--
                    ``(A) summarizing the uses of waivers by State 
                educational agencies, local educational agencies, 
                Indian tribes, and schools; and
                    ``(B) describing the status of the waivers in 
                improving academic achievement.
    ``(f) Termination of Waivers.--The Secretary shall terminate a 
waiver under this section if the Secretary determines, after notice and 
an opportunity for a hearing, that the performance of the State or 
other recipient affected by the waiver has been inadequate to justify a 
continuation of the waiver and the recipient of the waiver has failed 
to make revisions needed to carry out the purpose of the waiver, or if 
the waiver is no longer necessary to achieve its original purpose.
    ``(g) Publication.--A notice of the Secretary's decision to grant 
each waiver under subsection (a) shall be published in the Federal 
Register and the Secretary shall provide for the dissemination of the 
notice to State educational agencies, interested parties, including 
educators, parents, students, advocacy and civil rights organizations, 
and the public.

                      ``PART E--UNIFORM PROVISIONS

                      ``Subpart 1--Private Schools

``SEC. 5501. PARTICIPATION BY PRIVATE SCHOOL CHILDREN AND TEACHERS.

    ``(a) Private School Participation.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        Act, to the extent consistent with the number of eligible 
        children in areas served by a State educational agency, local 
        educational agency, educational service agency, consortium of 
        those agencies, or another entity receiving financial 
        assistance under a program specified in subsection (b), who are 
        enrolled in private elementary schools and secondary schools in 
        areas served by such agency, consortium, or entity, the agency, 
        consortium, or entity shall, after timely and meaningful 
        consultation with appropriate private school officials or their 
        representatives, provide to those children and their teachers 
        or other educational personnel, on an equitable basis, special 
        educational services or other benefits that address their needs 
        under the program.
            ``(2) Secular, neutral, and nonideological services or 
        benefits.--Educational services or other benefits, including 
        materials and equipment, provided under this section, shall be 
        secular, neutral, and nonideological.
            ``(3) Special rule.--Educational services and other 
        benefits provided under this section for private school 
        children, teachers, and other educational personnel shall be 
        equitable in comparison to services and other benefits for 
        public school children, teachers, and other educational 
        personnel participating in the program and shall be provided in 
        a timely manner.
            ``(4) Expenditures.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Expenditures for educational 
                services and other benefits to eligible private school 
                children, teachers, and other service personnel shall 
                be equal to the expenditures for participating public 
                school children, taking into account the number and 
                educational needs, of the children to be served.
                    ``(B) Obligation of funds.--Funds allocated to a 
                local educational agency for educational services and 
                other benefits to eligible private school children 
                shall--
                            ``(i) be obligated in the fiscal year for 
                        which the funds are received by the agency; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to any such funds that 
                        cannot be so obligated, be used to serve such 
                        children in the following fiscal year.
                    ``(C) Notice of allocation.--Each State educational 
                agency shall--
                            ``(i) determine, in a timely manner, the 
                        proportion of funds to be allocated to each 
                        local educational agency in the State for 
                        educational services and other benefits under 
                        this subpart to eligible private school 
                        children; and
                            ``(ii) provide notice, simultaneously, to 
                        each such local educational agency and the 
                        appropriate private school officials or their 
                        representatives in the State of such allocation 
                        of funds.
            ``(5) Provision of services.--An agency, consortium, or 
        entity described in subsection (a)(1) of this section may 
        provide those services directly or through contracts with 
        public and private agencies, organizations, and institutions.
    ``(b) Applicability.--
            ``(1) In general.--This section applies to programs under--
                    ``(A) subpart 2 of part A of title I;
                    ``(B) subpart 4 of part A of title I;
                    ``(C) part A of title II;
                    ``(D) part B of title II; and
                    ``(E) part B of title III.
            ``(2) Definition.--For the purpose of this section, the 
        term `eligible children' means children eligible for services 
        under a program described in paragraph (1).
    ``(c) Consultation.--
            ``(1) In general.--To ensure timely and meaningful 
        consultation, a State educational agency, local educational 
        agency, educational service agency, consortium of those 
        agencies, or entity shall consult, in order to reach an 
        agreement, with appropriate private school officials or their 
        representatives during the design and development of the 
        programs under this Act, on issues such as--
                    ``(A) how the children's needs will be identified;
                    ``(B) what services will be offered;
                    ``(C) how, where, and by whom the services will be 
                provided;
                    ``(D) how the services will be assessed and how the 
                results of the assessment will be used to improve those 
                services;
                    ``(E) the size and scope of the equitable services 
                to be provided to the eligible private school children, 
                teachers, and other educational personnel and the 
                amount of funds available for those services;
                    ``(F) how and when the agency, consortium, or 
                entity will make decisions about the delivery of 
                services, including a thorough consideration and 
                analysis of the views of the private school officials 
                or their representatives on the provision of services 
                through potential third-party providers or contractors; 
                and
                    ``(G) how, if the agency disagrees with the views 
                of the private school officials or their 
                representatives on the provision of services through a 
                contract, the local educational agency will provide in 
                writing to such private school officials or their 
                representatives an analysis of the reasons why the 
                local educational agency has chosen not to use a 
                contractor.
            ``(2) Disagreement.--If the agency, consortium, or entity 
        disagrees with the views of the private school officials or 
        their representatives with respect to an issue described in 
        paragraph (1), the agency, consortium, or entity shall provide 
        to the private school officials or their representatives a 
        written explanation of the reasons why the local educational 
        agency has chosen not to adopt the course of action requested 
        by such officials or their representatives.
            ``(3) Timing.--The consultation required by paragraph (1) 
        shall occur before the agency, consortium, or entity makes any 
        decision that affects the opportunities of eligible private 
        school children, teachers, and other educational personnel to 
        participate in programs under this Act, and shall continue 
        throughout the implementation and assessment of activities 
        under this section.
            ``(4) Discussion required.--The consultation required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include a discussion of service delivery 
        mechanisms that the agency, consortium, or entity could use to 
        provide equitable services to eligible private school children, 
        teachers, administrators, and other staff.
            ``(5) Documentation.--Each local educational agency shall 
        maintain in the agency's records and provide to the State 
        educational agency involved a written affirmation signed by 
        officials or their representatives of each participating 
        private school that the meaningful consultation required by 
        this section has occurred. The written affirmation shall 
        provide the option for private school officials or their 
        representatives to indicate that timely and meaningful 
        consultation has not occurred or that the program design is not 
        equitable with respect to eligible private school children. If 
        such officials or their representatives do not provide such 
        affirmation within a reasonable period of time, the local 
        educational agency shall forward the documentation that such 
        consultation has, or attempts at such consultation have, taken 
        place to the State educational agency.
            ``(6) Compliance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the consultation required 
                under this section is with a local educational agency 
                or educational service agency, a private school 
                official or representative shall have the right to file 
                a complaint with the State educational agency that the 
                consultation required under this section was not 
                meaningful and timely, did not give due consideration 
                to the views of the private school official or 
                representative, or did not treat the private school or 
                its students equitably as required by this section.
                    ``(B) Procedure.--If the private school official or 
                representative wishes to file a complaint, the private 
                school official or representative shall provide the 
                basis of the noncompliance with this section and all 
                parties shall provide the appropriate documentation to 
                the appropriate officials or representatives.
                    ``(C) Services.--A State educational agency shall 
                provide services under this section directly or through 
                contracts with public and private agencies, 
                organizations, and institutions, if--
                            ``(i) the appropriate private school 
                        officials or their representatives have--
                                    ``(I) requested that the State 
                                educational agency provide such 
                                services directly; and
                                    ``(II) demonstrated that the local 
                                educational agency or Education Service 
                                Agency involved has not met the 
                                requirements of this section; or
                            ``(ii) in a case in which--
                                    ``(I) a local educational agency 
                                has more than 10,000 children from low-
                                income families who attend private 
                                elementary schools or secondary schools 
                                in such agency's school attendance 
                                areas, as defined in section 
                                1113(a)(2)(A), that are not being 
                                served by the agency's program under 
                                this section; or
                                    ``(II) 90 percent of the eligible 
                                private school students in a school 
                                attendance area, as defined in section 
                                1113(a)(2)(A), are not being served by 
                                the agency's program under this 
                                section.
    ``(d) Public Control of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--The control of funds used to provide 
        services under this section, and title to materials, equipment, 
        and property purchased with those funds, shall be in a public 
        agency for the uses and purposes provided in this Act, and a 
        public agency shall administer the funds and property.
            ``(2) Provision of services.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The provision of services under 
                this section shall be provided--
                            ``(i) by employees of a public agency; or
                            ``(ii) through contract by the public 
                        agency with an individual, association, agency, 
                        organization, or other entity.
                    ``(B) Independence; public agency.--In the 
                provision of those services, the employee, person, 
                association, agency, organization, or other entity 
                shall be independent of the private school and of any 
                religious organization, and the employment or contract 
                shall be under the control and supervision of the 
                public agency.
                    ``(C) Commingling of funds prohibited.--Funds used 
                to provide services under this section shall not be 
                commingled with non-Federal funds.

``SEC. 5502. STANDARDS FOR BY-PASS.

    ``(a) In General.--If, by reason of any provision of law, a State 
educational agency, local educational agency, educational service 
agency, consortium of those agencies, or other entity is prohibited 
from providing for the participation in programs of children enrolled 
in, or teachers or other educational personnel from, private elementary 
schools and secondary schools, on an equitable basis, or if the 
Secretary determines that the agency, consortium, or entity has 
substantially failed or is unwilling to provide for that participation, 
as required by section 5501, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) waive the requirements of that section for the 
        agency, consortium, or entity; and
            ``(2) arrange for the provision of equitable services to 
        those children, teachers, or other educational personnel 
        through arrangements that shall be subject to the requirements 
        of this section and of sections 5501, 5503, and 5504.
    ``(b) Determination.--In making the determination under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consider one or more factors, including the 
quality, size, scope, and location of the program, and the opportunity 
of private school children, teachers, and other educational personnel 
to participate in the program.

``SEC. 5503. COMPLAINT PROCESS FOR PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE SCHOOL 
              CHILDREN.

    ``(a) Procedures for Complaints.--The Secretary shall develop and 
implement written procedures for receiving, investigating, and 
resolving complaints from parents, teachers, or other individuals and 
organizations concerning violations of section 5501 by a State 
educational agency, local educational agency, educational service 
agency, consortium of those agencies, or entity. The individual or 
organization shall submit the complaint to the State educational agency 
for a written resolution by the State educational agency within 45 
days.
    ``(b) Appeals to Secretary.--The resolution may be appealed by an 
interested party to the Secretary not later than 30 days after the 
State educational agency resolves the complaint or fails to resolve the 
complaint within the 45-day time limit. The appeal shall be accompanied 
by a copy of the State educational agency's resolution, and, if there 
is one, a complete statement of the reasons supporting the appeal. The 
Secretary shall investigate and resolve the appeal not later than 90 
days after receipt of the appeal.

                       ``Subpart 2--Prohibitions

``SEC. 5521. PROHIBITION AGAINST FEDERAL MANDATES, DIRECTION, OR 
              CONTROL.

    ``(a) In General.--No officer or employee of the Federal Government 
shall, directly or indirectly, through grants, contracts, or other 
cooperative agreements, mandate, direct, incentivize, or control a 
State, local educational agency, or school's specific instructional 
content, academic standards and assessments, curricula, or program of 
instruction, (including any requirement, direction, incentive, or 
mandate to adopt the Common Core State Standards developed under the 
Common Core State Standards Initiative or any other academic standards 
common to a significant number of States), nor shall anything in this 
Act be construed to authorize such officer or employee to do so.
    ``(b) Financial Support.--No officer or employee of the Federal 
Government shall, directly or indirectly, through grants, contracts, or 
other cooperative agreements, make financial support available in a 
manner that is conditioned upon a State, local educational agency, or 
school's adoption of specific instructional content, academic standards 
and assessments, curriculum, or program of instruction, (including any 
requirement, direction, or mandate to adopt the Common Core State 
Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative, 
any other academic standards common to a significant number of States, 
or any assessment, instructional content, or curriculum aligned to such 
standards), even if such requirements are specified in an Act other 
than this Act, nor shall anything in this Act be construed to authorize 
such officer or employee to do so.

``SEC. 5522. PROHIBITIONS ON FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND USE OF FEDERAL 
              FUNDS.

    ``(a) General Prohibition.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed 
to authorize an officer or employee of the Federal Government directly 
or indirectly, whether through a grant, contract, or cooperative 
agreement, to mandate, direct, or control a State, local educational 
agency, or school's curriculum, program of instruction, or allocation 
of State or local resources, or mandate a State or any subdivision 
thereof to spend any funds or incur any costs not paid for under this 
Act.
    ``(b) Prohibition on Endorsement of Curriculum.--Notwithstanding 
any other prohibition of Federal law, no funds provided to the 
Department under this Act may be used by the Department directly or 
indirectly--whether through a grant, contract, or cooperative 
agreement--to endorse, approve, develop, require, or sanction any 
curriculum, including any curriculum aligned to the Common Core State 
Standards developed under the Common Core State Standards Initiative or 
any other academic standards common to a significant number of States, 
designed to be used in an elementary school or secondary school.
    ``(c) Local Control.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed to--
            ``(1) authorize an officer or employee of the Federal 
        Government directly or indirectly--whether through a grant, 
        contract, or cooperative agreement--to mandate, direct, review, 
        or control a State, local educational agency, or school's 
        instructional content, curriculum, and related activities;
            ``(2) limit the application of the General Education 
        Provisions Act;
            ``(3) require the distribution of scientifically or 
        medically false or inaccurate materials or to prohibit the 
        distribution of scientifically or medically true or accurate 
        materials; or
            ``(4) create any legally enforceable right.
    ``(d) Prohibition on Requiring Federal Approval or Certification of 
Standards.--Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal law, no 
State shall be required to have academic standards approved or 
certified by the Federal Government, in order to receive assistance 
under this Act.
    ``(e) Rule of Construction on Building Standards.--Nothing in this 
Act shall be construed to mandate national school building standards 
for a State, local educational agency, or school.

``SEC. 5523. PROHIBITION ON FEDERALLY SPONSORED TESTING.

    ``(a) General Prohibition.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
Federal law and except as provided in subsection (b), no funds provided 
under this Act to the Secretary or to the recipient of any award may be 
used to develop, pilot test, field test, implement, administer, or 
distribute any federally sponsored national test or testing materials 
in reading, mathematics, or any other subject, unless specifically and 
explicitly authorized by law.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to international 
comparative assessments developed under the authority of section 
153(a)(5) of the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002 and administered 
to only a representative sample of pupils in the United States and in 
foreign nations.

``SEC. 5524. LIMITATIONS ON NATIONAL TESTING OR CERTIFICATION FOR 
              TEACHERS.

    ``(a) Mandatory National Testing or Certification of Teachers.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act or any other provision 
of law, no funds available to the Department or otherwise available 
under this Act may be used for any purpose relating to a mandatory 
nationwide test or certification of teachers or education 
paraprofessionals, including any planning, development, implementation, 
or administration of such test or certification.
    ``(b) Prohibition on Withholding Funds.--The Secretary is 
prohibited from withholding funds from any State educational agency or 
local educational agency if the State educational agency or local 
educational agency fails to adopt a specific method of teacher or 
paraprofessional certification.

``SEC. 5525. PROHIBITED USES OF FUNDS.

    ``No funds under this Act may be used--
            ``(1) for construction, renovation, or repair of any school 
        facility, except as authorized under title IV or otherwise 
        authorized under this Act;
            ``(2) for medical services, drug treatment or 
        rehabilitation, except for specialized instructional support 
        services or referral to treatment for students who are victims 
        of, or witnesses to, crime or who illegally use drugs;
            ``(3) for transportation unless otherwise authorized under 
        this Act;
            ``(4) to develop or distribute materials, or operate 
        programs or courses of instruction directed at youth, that are 
        designed to promote or encourage sexual activity, whether 
        homosexual or heterosexual;
            ``(5) to distribute or to aid in the distribution by any 
        organization of legally obscene materials to minors on school 
        grounds;
            ``(6) to provide sex education or HIV-prevention education 
        in schools unless that instruction is age appropriate and 
        includes the health benefits of abstinence; or
            ``(7) to operate a program of contraceptive distribution in 
        schools.

``SEC. 5529. PROHIBITION REGARDING STATE AID.

    ``A State shall not take into consideration payments under this Act 
(other than under title IV) in determining the eligibility of any local 
educational agency in that State for State aid, or the amount of State 
aid, with respect to free public education of children.

``SEC. 5530. PROHIBITION ON REQUIRING STATE PARTICIPATION.

    ``Any State that opts out of receiving funds, or that has not been 
awarded funds, under one or more programs under this Act shall not be 
required to carry out any of the requirements of such program or 
programs, and nothing in this Act shall be construed to require a State 
to participate in any program under this Act.

``SEC. 5531. LOCAL CONTROL.

    ``The Secretary shall not--
            ``(1) impose any requirements or exercise any governance or 
        authority over school administration, including the development 
        and expenditure over school budgets, unless explicitly 
        authorized under this Act;
            ``(2) issue any regulations or non-regulatory guidance 
        without first consulting with local stakeholders and fairly 
        addressing their concerns; or
            ``(3) deny any local educational agency the right to object 
        to any administrative requirement, including actions that place 
        additional burdens or cost on the local educational agency.

                     ``Subpart 3--Other Provisions

``SEC. 5541. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT 
              RECRUITING INFORMATION.

    ``(a) Policy.--
            ``(1) Access to student recruiting information.--
        Notwithstanding section 444(a)(5)(B) of the General Education 
        Provisions Act, each local educational agency receiving 
        assistance under this Act shall provide, upon a request made by 
        a military recruiter or an institution of higher education, 
        access to the name, address, and telephone listing of each 
        secondary school student served by the local educational 
        agency, unless the parent of such student has submitted the 
        prior consent request under paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Consent.--
                    ``(A) Opt-out process.--A parent of a secondary 
                school student may submit a written request, to the 
                local educational agency, that the student's name, 
                address, and telephone listing not be released for 
                purposes of paragraph (1) without prior written consent 
                of the parent. Upon receiving such request, the local 
                educational agency may not release the student's name, 
                address, and telephone listing for such purposes 
                without the prior written consent of the parent.
                    ``(B) Notification of opt-out process.--Each local 
                educational agency shall notify the parents of the 
                students served by the agency of the option to make a 
                request described in subparagraph (A).
            ``(3) Same access to students.--Each local educational 
        agency receiving assistance under this Act shall provide 
        military recruiters the same access to secondary school 
        students as is provided generally to institutions of higher 
        education or to prospective employers of those students.
            ``(4) Rule of construction prohibiting opt-in processes.--
        Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to allow a local 
        educational agency to withhold access to a student's name, 
        address, and telephone listing from a military recruiter or 
        institution of higher education by implementing an opt-in 
        process or any other process other than the written consent 
        request process under paragraph (2)(A).
            ``(5) Parental consent.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        whenever a student has attained 18 years of age, the permission 
        or consent required of and the rights accorded to the parents 
        of the student shall only be required of and accorded to the 
        student.
    ``(b) Notification.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense, shall, not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of the Student Success Act, notify school leaders, school 
administrators, and other educators about the requirements of this 
section.
    ``(c) Exception.--The requirements of this section do not apply to 
a private secondary school that maintains a religious objection to 
service in the Armed Forces if the objection is verifiable through the 
corporate or other organizational documents or materials of that 
school.

``SEC. 5542. RULEMAKING.

    ``The Secretary shall issue regulations under this Act as 
prescribed under section 1401 only to the extent that such regulations 
are necessary to ensure that there is compliance with the specific 
requirements and assurances required by this Act.

``SEC. 5543. PEER REVIEW.

    ``(a) In General.--If the Secretary uses a peer review panel to 
evaluate an application for any program required under this Act, the 
Secretary shall conduct the panel in accordance with this section.
    ``(b) Makeup.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) solicit nominations for peers to serve on the panel 
        from States that are--
                    ``(A) practitioners in the subject matter; or
                    ``(B) experts in the subject matter; and
            ``(2) select the peers from such nominees, except that 
        there shall be at least 75 percent practitioners on each panel 
        and in each group formed from the panel.
    ``(c) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue the peer review guidance 
concurrently with the notice of the grant.
    ``(d) Reporting.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) make the names of the peer reviewers available to the 
        public before the final deadline for the application of the 
        grant;
            ``(2) make the peer review notes publically available once 
        the review has concluded; and
            ``(3) make any deviations from the peer reviewers' 
        recommendations available to the public with an explanation of 
        the deviation.
    ``(e) Applicant Reviews.--An applicant shall have an opportunity 
within 30 days to review the peer review notes and appeal the score to 
the Secretary prior to the Secretary making any final determination.
    ``(f) Prohibition.--The Secretary, and the Secretary's staff, may 
not attempt to participate in, or influence, the peer review process. 
No Federal employee may participate in, or attempt to influence the 
peer review process, except to respond to questions of a technical 
nature, which shall be publicly reported.

``SEC. 5544. PARENTAL CONSENT.

    ``Upon receipt of written notification from the parents or legal 
guardians of a student, the local educational agency shall withdraw 
such student from any program funded under part B of title III. The 
local educational agency shall make reasonable efforts to inform 
parents or legal guardians of the content of such programs or 
activities funded under this Act, other than classroom instruction.

``SEC. 5548. SEVERABILITY.

    ``If any provision of this Act is held invalid, the remainder of 
this Act shall be unaffected thereby.

``SEC. 5551. DEPARTMENT STAFF.

    ``The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) not later than 60 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the Student Success Act, identify the number of 
        Department employees who worked on or administered each 
        education program and project authorized under this Act, as 
        such program or project was in effect on the day before such 
        enactment date, and publish such information on the 
        Department's website;
            ``(2) not later than 60 days after such enactment date, 
        identify the number of full-time equivalent employees who work 
        on or administer programs or projects authorized under this 
        Act, as in effect on the day before such enactment date, that 
        have been eliminated or consolidated since such date;
            ``(3) not later than 1 year after such enactment date, 
        reduce the workforce of the Department by the number of full-
        time equivalent employees the Department calculated under 
        paragraph (2); and
            ``(4) not later than 1 year after such enactment date, 
        report to the Congress on--
                    ``(A) the number of employees associated with each 
                program or project authorized under this Act 
                administered by the Department;
                    ``(B) the number of full-time equivalent employees 
                who were determined to be associated with eliminated or 
                consolidated programs or projects under paragraph (2);
                    ``(C) how the Secretary reduced the number of 
                employees at the Department under paragraph (3);
                    ``(D) the average salary of the employees described 
                in subparagraph (B) whose positions were eliminated; 
                and
                    ``(E) the average salary of the full-time 
                equivalent employees who work on or administer a 
                program or project authorized under this Act by the 
                Department, disaggregated by employee function with 
                each such program or project.

``SEC. 5552. CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECKS.

    ``(a) Condition of Receipt of Funds.--A local educational agency or 
State educational agency shall be ineligible for funds under this Act 
if such agency--
            ``(1) employs an individual who--
                    ``(A) refuses to consent to a criminal background 
                check that includes--
                            ``(i) a search of the State criminal 
                        registry or repository in the State where the 
                        individual resides and each State where such 
                        individual previously resided;
                            ``(ii) a search of State-based child abuse 
                        and neglect registries and databases in the 
                        State where the individual resides and each 
                        State where such individual previously resided;
                            ``(iii) a search of the National Crime 
                        Information Center;
                            ``(iv) a Federal Bureau of Investigation 
                        fingerprint check using the Integrated 
                        Automated Fingerprint Identification System; 
                        and
                            ``(v) a search of the National Sex Offender 
                        Registry established under the Adam Walsh Child 
                        Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (42 U.S.C. 
                        16901 et seq.);
                    ``(B) makes a false statement in connection with 
                such criminal background check;
                    ``(C) is registered or is required to be registered 
                on a State sex offender registry or the National Sex 
                Offender Registry established under the Adam Walsh 
                Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (42 U.S.C. 
                16901 et seq.); or
                    ``(D) has been convicted of a felony consisting 
                of--
                            ``(i) homicide;
                            ``(ii) child abuse or neglect;
                            ``(iii) a crime against children, including 
                        child pornography;
                            ``(iv) domestic violence;
                            ``(v) a crime involving rape or sexual 
                        assault;
                            ``(vi) kidnapping;
                            ``(vii) arson; or
                            ``(viii) physical assault, battery, or a 
                        drug-related offense, committed on or after the 
                        date that is 5 years before the date of the 
                        individual's criminal background check under 
                        this section; or
            ``(2) knowingly facilitates the transfer of an employee if 
        the agency knows, or has probable cause to believe, that the 
        employee engaged in sexual misconduct with a student.
    ``(b) Fees for Background Checks.--The Attorney General or a State 
may charge any applicable fees for conducting a criminal background 
check under this section.

``Subpart 4--Restoration of State Sovereignty Over Public Education and 
          Parental Rights Over the Education of Their Children

``SEC. 5561. STATES TO RETAIN RIGHTS AND AUTHORITIES THEY DO NOT 
              EXPRESSLY WAIVE.

    ``(a) Retention of Rights and Authorities.--No officer, employee, 
or other authority of the Secretary shall enforce against an authority 
of a State, nor shall any authority of a State have any obligation to 
obey, any requirement imposed as a condition of receiving assistance 
under a grant program established under this Act, nor shall such 
program operate within a State, unless the legislature of that State 
shall have by law expressly approved that program and, in doing so, 
have waived the State's rights and authorities to act inconsistently 
with any requirement that might be imposed by the Secretary as a 
condition of receiving that assistance.
    ``(b) Amendment of Terms of Receipt of Federal Financial 
Assistance.--An officer, employee, or other authority of the Secretary 
may release assistance under a grant program established under this Act 
to a State only after the legislature of the State has by law expressly 
approved the program (as described in subsection (a)). This approval 
may be accomplished by a vote to affirm a State budget that includes 
the use of such Federal funds and any such State budget must expressly 
include any requirement imposed as a condition of receiving assistance 
under a grant program established under this Act so that by approving 
the budget, the State legislature is expressly approving the grant 
program and, in doing so, waiving the State's rights and authorities to 
act inconsistently with any requirement that might be imposed by the 
Secretary as a condition of receiving that assistance.
    ``(c) Special Rule for States With Biennial Legislatures.--In the 
case of a State with a biennial legislature--
            ``(1) during a year in which the State legislature does not 
        meet, subsections (a) and (b) shall not apply; and
            ``(2) during a year in which the State legislature meets, 
        subsections (a) and (b) shall apply, and, with respect to any 
        grant program established under this Act during the most recent 
        year in which the State legislature did not meet, the State may 
        by law expressly disapprove the grant program, and, if such 
        disapproval occurs, an officer, employee, or other authority of 
        the Secretary may not release any additional assistance to the 
        State under that grant program.
    ``(d) Definition of State Authority.--As used in this section, the 
term `authority of a State' includes any administering agency of the 
State, any officer or employee of the State, and any local government 
authority of the State.
    ``(e) Effective Date.--This section applies in each State beginning 
on the 90th day after the end of the first regular session of the 
legislature of that State that begins 5 years after the date of the 
enactment of the Student Success Act and shall continue to apply in 
subsequent years until otherwise provided by law.

``SEC. 5562. DEDICATION OF SAVINGS TO DEFICIT REDUCTION.

    ``Notwithstanding any formula reallocations stipulated under the 
Student Success Act, any funds under such Act not allocated to a State 
because a State did not affirmatively agree to the receipt of such 
funds shall not be reallocated among the States.

``SEC. 5563. DEFINITION OF STATE WITH BIENNIAL LEGISLATURE.

    ``In this Act, the term `State with a biennial legislature' means a 
State the legislature of which meets every other year.

``SEC. 5564. INTENT OF CONGRESS.

    ``It is the intent of Congress that other than the terms and 
conditions expressly approved by State law under the terms of this 
subpart, control over public education and parental rights to control 
the education of their children are vested exclusively within the 
autonomous zone of independent authority reserved to the States and 
individual Americans by the United States Constitution, other than the 
Federal Government's undiminishable obligation to enforce minimum 
Federal standards of equal protection and due process.

                         ``PART F--EVALUATIONS

``SEC. 5601. EVALUATIONS.

    ``(a) Reservation of Funds.--Except as provided in subsections (c) 
and (d), the Secretary may reserve not more than 0.5 percent of the 
amount appropriated to carry out each categorical program authorized 
under this Act. The reserved amounts shall be used by the Secretary, 
acting through the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences--
            ``(1) to conduct--
                    ``(A) comprehensive evaluations of the program or 
                project; and
                    ``(B) studies of the effectiveness of the program 
                or project and its administrative impact on schools and 
                local educational agencies;
            ``(2) to evaluate the aggregate short- and long-term 
        effects and cost efficiencies across Federal programs assisted 
        or authorized under this Act and related Federal preschool, 
        elementary, and secondary programs under any other Federal law; 
        and
            ``(3) to increase the usefulness of evaluations of grant 
        recipients in order to ensure the continuous progress of the 
        program or project by improving the quality, timeliness, 
        efficiency, and use of information relating to performance 
        under the program or project.
    ``(b) Required Plan.--The Secretary, acting through the Director of 
the Institute of Education Sciences, may use the reserved amount under 
subsection (a) only after completion of a comprehensive, multi-year 
plan--
            ``(1) for the periodic evaluation of each of the major 
        categorical programs authorized under this Act, and as 
        resources permit, the smaller categorical programs authorized 
        under this Act;
            ``(2) that shall be developed and implemented with the 
        involvement of other officials at the Department, as 
        appropriate; and
            ``(3) that shall not be finalized until--
                    ``(A) the publication of a notice in the Federal 
                Register seeking public comment on such plan and after 
                review by the Secretary of such comments; and
                    ``(B) the plan is submitted for comment to the 
                Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House 
                of Representatives and the Committee on Health, 
                Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and after 
                review by the Secretary of such comments.
    ``(c) Title I Excluded.--The Secretary may not reserve under 
subsection (a) funds appropriated to carry out any program authorized 
under title I.
    ``(d) Evaluation Activities Authorized Elsewhere.--If, under any 
other provision of this Act (other than title I), funds are authorized 
to be reserved or used for evaluation activities with respect to a 
program or project, the Secretary may not reserve additional funds 
under this section for the evaluation of that program or project.''.
    (b) Technical Amendments.--
            (1) Title ix.--
                    (A) Subpart 1 of part e of title v.--
                            (i) Transfer and redesignation.--Sections 
                        9504 through 9506 (20 U.S.C. 7884, 7885, and 
                        7886) are--
                                    (I) transferred to title V, as 
                                amended by subsection (a) of this 
                                section;
                                    (II) inserted after section 5503 of 
                                such title; and
                                    (III) redesignated as sections 5504 
                                through 5506, respectively.
                            (ii) Amendments.--Section 5504 (as so 
                        redesignated) is amended--
                                    (I) in subsection (a)(1)(A), by 
                                striking ``section 9502'' and inserting 
                                ``section 5502'';
                                    (II) in subsection (b), by striking 
                                ``section 9501'' and inserting 
                                ``section 5501''; and
                                    (III) in subsection (d), by 
                                striking ``No Child Left Behind Act of 
                                2001'' and inserting ``Student Success 
                                Act''.
                    (B) Subpart 2 of part e of title v.--
                            (i) Transfer and redesignation.--Sections 
                        9531, 9533, and 9534 (20 U.S.C. 7911, 7913, and 
                        7914) are--
                                    (I) transferred to title V, as 
                                amended by subparagraph (A) of this 
                                paragraph;
                                    (II) inserted after section 5525 of 
                                such title; and
                                    (III) redesignated as sections 5526 
                                through 5528, respectively.
                            (ii) Amendments.--Section 5528 (as so 
                        redesignated) is amended--
                                    (I) by striking ``(a) In General.--
                                Nothing'' and inserting ``Nothing''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking subsection (b).
                    (C) Subpart 3 of part e of title v.--Sections 9523, 
                9524, and 9525 (20 U.S.C. 7903, 7904, and 7905) are--
                            (i) transferred to title V, as amended by 
                        subparagraph (B) of this paragraph;
                            (ii) inserted after section 5544 of such 
                        title; and
                            (iii) redesignated as sections 5545 through 
                        5547, respectively.
            (2) Title iv.--Sections 4141 and 4155 (20 U.S.C. 7151 and 
        7161) are--
                    (A) transferred to title V, as amended by paragraph 
                (1) of this subsection;
                    (B) inserted after section 5548 (as so redesignated 
                by paragraph (1)(C)(iii) of this subsection); and
                    (C) redesignated as sections 5549 and 5550, 
                respectively.

SEC. 502. REPEAL.

    Title IX (20 U.S.C. 7801 et seq.), as amended by section 501(b)(1) 
of this title, is repealed.

SEC. 503. OTHER LAWS.

    Beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, any reference 
in law to the term ``highly qualified'' as defined in section 9101 of 
the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 shall be treated as 
a reference to such term under section 9101 of the Elementary and 
Secondary Education Act of 1965 as in effect on the day before the date 
of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 504. AMENDMENT TO IDEA.

    Section 602 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 
U.S.C. 1401) is amended by striking paragraph (10).

  TITLE VI--THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S TRUST RESPONSIBILITY TO AMERICAN 
          INDIAN, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION

SEC. 601. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S TRUST RESPONSIBILITY TO AMERICAN 
              INDIAN, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION.

    Title VI of the Act (20 U.S.C. 7301 et seq.) is amended to read as 
follows:

 ``TITLE VI--THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S TRUST RESPONSIBILITY TO AMERICAN 
          INDIAN, ALASKA NATIVE, AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION

                       ``Part A--Indian Education

``SEC. 6101. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

    ``It is the policy of the United States to fulfill the Federal 
Government's unique and continuing trust relationship with, and 
responsibility to, the Indian people for the education of Indian 
children. The Federal Government will continue to work with local 
educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, postsecondary 
institutions, and other entities toward the goal of ensuring that 
programs that serve Indian children are of the highest quality and 
provide for not only the basic elementary and secondary educational 
needs, but also the unique educational and culturally related academic 
needs of these children.

``SEC. 6102. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this part to support the efforts of local 
educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, postsecondary 
institutions, and other entities--
            ``(1) to meet the unique educational and culturally related 
        academic needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students, 
        so that such students can meet State student academic 
        achievement standards;
            ``(2) to ensure that Indian and Alaskan Native students 
        gain knowledge and understanding of Native communities, 
        languages, tribal histories, traditions, and cultures; and
            ``(3) to ensure that school leaders, teachers, and other 
        staff who serve Indian and Alaska Native students have the 
        ability to provide culturally appropriate and effective 
        instruction to such students.

       ``Subpart 1--Formula Grants to Local Educational Agencies

``SEC. 6111. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this subpart to support the efforts of local 
educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, and other 
entities to improve the academic achievement of American Indian and 
Alaska Native students by providing for their unique cultural, 
language, and educational needs and ensuring that they are prepared to 
meet State academic standards.

``SEC. 6112. GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES AND TRIBES.

    ``(a) In General.--In accordance with this section and section 
6113, the Secretary may make grants from allocations made under section 
6113, to--
            ``(1) local educational agencies;
            ``(2) Indian tribes;
            ``(3) Indian organizations; and
            ``(4) Alaska Native Organizations
    ``(b) Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) Enrollment requirements.--A local educational agency 
        shall be eligible for a grant under this subpart for any fiscal 
        year if the number of Indian children eligible under section 
        6117 who were enrolled in the schools of the agency, and to 
        whom the agency provided free public education, during the 
        preceding fiscal year--
                    ``(A) was at least 10; or
                    ``(B) constituted not less than 25 percent of the 
                total number of individuals enrolled in the schools of 
                such agency.
            ``(2) Exclusion.--The requirement of paragraph (1) shall 
        not apply in Alaska, California, or Oklahoma, or with respect 
        to any local educational agency located on, or in proximity to, 
        an Indian reservation.
    ``(c) Indian Tribes, Indian Organizations, Alaska Native 
Organizations, and Consortia.--
            ``(1) In general.--If a local educational agency that is 
        otherwise eligible for a grant under this subpart does not 
        establish a committee under section 6114(c)(4) for such grant, 
        an Indian tribe, Indian organization, Alaska Native 
        Organization, or consortium of such entities that represents 
        not less than one-third of the eligible Indian or Alaska Native 
        children who are served by such local educational agency may 
        apply for such grant.
            ``(2) Special rule.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall treat each 
                Indian tribe, Indian organization, Alaska Native 
                Organization, or consortium of such entities applying 
                for a grant pursuant to paragraph (1) as if such 
                applicant were a local educational agency for purposes 
                of this subpart.
                    ``(B) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subparagraph 
                (A), such Indian tribe, Indian organization, Alaska 
                Native Organization, or consortium of such entities 
                shall not be subject to the requirements of section 
                6114(c)(5), 6118(c), or 6119.
            ``(3) Eligibility.--If more than 1 applicant qualifies to 
        apply for a grant under paragraph (1), the entity that 
        represents the most eligible Indian and Alaska Native children 
        who are served by the local educational agency shall be 
        eligible to receive the grant or the applicants may apply in 
        consortium and jointly operate a program.
    ``(d) Indian and Alaska Native Community-Based Organizations.--
            ``(1) In general.--If no local educational agency pursuant 
        to subsection (b), and no Indian tribe, tribal organization, 
        Alaska Native Organization, or consortium pursuant to 
        subsection (c), applies for a grant under this subpart, Indian 
        and Alaska Native community-based organizations serving the 
        community of the local educational agency may apply for the 
        grant.
            ``(2) Applicability of special rule.--The Secretary shall 
        apply the special rule in subsection (c)(2) to a community-
        based organization applying or receiving a grant under 
        paragraph (1) in the same manner as such rule applies to an 
        Indian tribe, Indian organization, Alaska Native Organization, 
        or consortium.
            ``(3) Definition of indian and alaska native community-
        based organizations.--In this subsection, the term `Indian and 
        Alaska Native community-based organizations' means any 
        organizations that--
                    ``(A) are composed primarily of the family members 
                of Indian or Alaska Native students, Indian or Alaska 
                Native community members, tribal government education 
                officials, and tribal members from a specific 
                community;
                    ``(B) assist in the social, cultural, and 
                educational development of Indians or Alaska Natives in 
                such community;
                    ``(C) meet the unique cultural, language, and 
                academic needs of Indian or Alaska Native students; and
                    ``(D) demonstrate organizational and administrative 
                capacity to effectively manage the grant.

``SEC. 6113. AMOUNT OF GRANTS.

    ``(a) Amount of Grant Awards.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (b) and 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary shall allocate to each local 
        educational agency that has an approved application under this 
        subpart an amount equal to the product of--
                    ``(A) the number of Indian children who are 
                eligible under section 6117 and served by such agency; 
                and
                    ``(B) the greater of--
                            ``(i) the average per pupil expenditure of 
                        the State in which such agency is located; or
                            ``(ii) 80 percent of the average per pupil 
                        expenditure of all the States.
            ``(2) Reduction.--The Secretary shall reduce the amount of 
        each allocation otherwise determined under this section in 
        accordance with subsection (e).
    ``(b) Minimum Grant.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (e), an 
        entity that is eligible for a grant under section 6112, and a 
        school that is operated or supported by the Bureau of Indian 
        Education that is eligible for a grant under subsection (d), 
        that submits an application that is approved by the Secretary, 
        shall, subject to appropriations, receive a grant under this 
        subpart in an amount that is not less than $3,000.
            ``(2) Consortia.--Local educational agencies may form a 
        consortium for the purpose of obtaining grants under this 
        subpart.
            ``(3) Increase.--The Secretary may increase the minimum 
        grant under paragraph (1) to not more than $4,000 for all 
        grantees if the Secretary determines such increase is necessary 
        to ensure the quality of the programs provided.
    ``(c) Definition.--For the purpose of this section, the term 
`average per pupil expenditure', used with respect to a State, means an 
amount equal to--
            ``(1) the sum of the aggregate current expenditures of all 
        the local educational agencies in the State, plus any direct 
        current expenditures by the State for the operation of such 
        agencies, without regard to the sources of funds from which 
        such local or State expenditures were made, during the second 
        fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the computation 
        is made; divided by
            ``(2) the aggregate number of children who were included in 
        average daily attendance for whom such agencies provided free 
        public education during such preceding fiscal year.
    ``(d) Schools Operated or Supported by the Bureau of Indian 
Education.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsection (e), in addition 
        to the grants awarded under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
        allocate to the Secretary of the Interior an amount equal to 
        the product of--
                    ``(A) the total number of Indian children enrolled 
                in schools that are operated by--
                            ``(i) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
                            ``(ii) an Indian tribe, or an organization 
                        controlled or sanctioned by an Indian tribal 
                        government, for the children of that tribe 
                        under a contract with, or grant from, the 
                        Department of the Interior under the Indian 
                        Self-Determination Act or the Tribally 
                        Controlled Schools Act of 1988; and
                    ``(B) the greater of--
                            ``(i) the average per pupil expenditure of 
                        the State in which the school is located; or
                            ``(ii) 80 percent of the average per pupil 
                        expenditure of all the States.
            ``(2) Special rule.--Any school described in paragraph 
        (1)(A) that wishes to receive an allocation under this subpart 
        shall submit an application in accordance with section 6114, 
        and shall otherwise be treated as a local educational agency 
        for the purpose of this subpart, except that such school shall 
        not be subject to section 6114(c)(5), section 6118(c), or 
        section 6119.
    ``(e) Ratable Reductions.--If the sums appropriated for any fiscal 
year to carry out this subpart are insufficient to pay in full the 
amounts determined for local educational agencies under subsection 
(a)(1) and for the Secretary of the Interior under subsection (d), each 
of those amounts shall be ratably reduced.

``SEC. 6114. APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Application Required.--Each local educational agency that 
desires to receive a grant under this subpart shall submit an 
application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
    ``(b) Comprehensive Program Required.--Each application submitted 
under subsection (a) shall include a description of a comprehensive 
program for meeting the needs of Indian and Alaska Native children 
served by the local educational agency, including the language and 
cultural needs of the children, that--
            ``(1) describes how the comprehensive program will offer 
        programs and activities to meet the culturally related academic 
        needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students;
            ``(2)(A) is consistent with the State, tribal, and local 
        plans submitted under other provisions of this Act; and
                    ``(B) includes academic content and student 
                academic achievement goals for such children, and 
                benchmarks for attaining such goals, that are based on 
                State academic content and student academic achievement 
                standards adopted under title I for all children;
            ``(3) explains how the local educational agency will use 
        the funds made available under this subpart to supplement other 
        Federal, State, and local programs that serve such students;
            ``(4) demonstrates how funds made available under this 
        subpart will be used for activities described in section 6115;
            ``(5) describes the professional development opportunities 
        that will be provided, as needed, to ensure that--
                    ``(A) teachers and other school professionals who 
                are new to the Indian or Alaska Native community are 
                prepared to work with Indian and Alaska Native 
                children;
                    ``(B) all teachers who will be involved in programs 
                assisted under this subpart have been properly trained 
                to carry out such programs; and
                    ``(C) those family members of Indian and Alaska 
                Native children and representatives of tribes who are 
                on the committee described in (c)(5) will participate 
                in the planning of professional development materials;
            ``(6) describes how the local educational agency--
                    ``(A) will periodically assess the progress of all 
                Indian children enrolled in the schools of the local 
                educational agency, including Indian children who do 
                not participate in programs assisted under this 
                subpart, in meeting the goals described in paragraph 
                (2);
                    ``(B) will provide the results of each assessment 
                referred to in subparagraph (A) to--
                            ``(i) the committee described in subsection 
                        (c)(5);
                            ``(ii) the community served by the local 
                        educational agency; and
                            ``(iii) the tribes whose children are 
                        served by the local educational agency;
                    ``(C) is responding to findings of any previous 
                assessments that are similar to the assessments 
                described in subparagraph (A); and
            ``(7) explicitly delineates--
                    ``(A) a formal, collaborative process that the 
                local educational agency used to directly involve 
                tribes, Indian organizations, or Alaska Native 
                Organizations in the development of the comprehensive 
                programs and the results of such process; and
                    ``(B) how the local educational agency plans to 
                ensure that tribes, Indian organizations, or Alaska 
                Native Organizations will play an active, meaningful, 
                and ongoing role in the functioning of the 
                comprehensive programs.
    ``(c) Assurances.--Each application submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include assurances that--
            ``(1) the local educational agency will use funds received 
        under this subpart only to supplement the funds that, in the 
        absence of the Federal funds made available under this subpart, 
        such agency would make available for services described in this 
        subsection, and not to supplant such funds;
            ``(2) the local educational agency will use funds received 
        under this subpart only for activities described and authorized 
        under this subpart;
            ``(3) the local educational agency will prepare and submit 
        to the Secretary such reports, in such form and containing such 
        information, as the Secretary may require to--
                    ``(A) carry out the functions of the Secretary 
                under this subpart; and
                    ``(B) determine the extent to which activities 
                carried out with funds provided to the local 
                educational agency under this subpart are effective in 
                improving the educational achievement of Indian and 
                Alaska Native students served by such agency; and
                    ``(C) determine the extent to which such activities 
                address the unique cultural, language, and educational 
                needs of Indian students;
            ``(4) the program for which assistance is sought--
                    ``(A) is based on a comprehensive local assessment 
                and prioritization of the unique educational and 
                culturally related academic needs of the American 
                Indian and Alaska Native students for whom the local 
                educational agency is providing an education;
                    ``(B) will use the best available talents and 
                resources, including individuals from the Indian or 
                Alaska Native community; and
                    ``(C) was developed by such agency in open 
                consultation with the families of Indian or Alaska 
                Native children, Indian or Alaska Native teachers, 
                Indian or Alaska Native students from secondary 
                schools, and representatives of tribes, Indian 
                organizations, or Alaska Native Organizations in the 
                community including through public hearings held by 
                such agency to provide to the individuals described in 
                this subparagraph a full opportunity to understand the 
                program and to offer recommendations regarding the 
                program;
            ``(5) the local educational agency developed the program 
        with the participation and written approval of a committee--
                    ``(A) that is composed of, and selected by--
                            ``(i) family members of Indian and Alaska 
                        Native children that are attending the local 
                        educational agency's schools;
                            ``(ii) teachers in the schools; and
                            ``(iii) Indian and Alaska Native students 
                        attending secondary schools of the agency;
                    ``(B) a majority of whose members are family 
                members of Indian and Alaska Native children that are 
                attending the local educational agency's schools;
                    ``(C) that has set forth such policies and 
                procedures, including policies and procedures relating 
                to the hiring of personnel, as will ensure that the 
                program for which assistance is sought will be operated 
                and evaluated in consultation with, and with the 
                involvement of, parents of the children, and 
                representatives of the area, to be served;
                    ``(D) with respect to an application describing a 
                schoolwide program in accordance with section 6115(c), 
                that has--
                            ``(i) reviewed in a timely fashion the 
                        program;
                            ``(ii) determined that the program will not 
                        diminish the availability of culturally related 
                        activities for American Indian and Alaska 
                        Native students; and
                            ``(iii) will directly enhance the 
                        educational experience of American Indian and 
                        Alaska Native students; and
                    ``(E) that has adopted reasonable bylaws for the 
                conduct of the activities of the committee and abides 
                by such bylaws; and
            ``(6) the local educational agency conducted adequate 
        outreach to family members to meet the requirements under 
        subsection (c)(5).

``SEC. 6115. AUTHORIZED SERVICES AND ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) General Requirements.--Each local educational agency that 
receives a grant under this subpart shall use the grant funds, in a 
manner consistent with the purpose specified in section 6111, for 
services and activities that--
            ``(1) are designed to carry out the comprehensive program 
        of the local educational agency for Indian students, and 
        described in the application of the local educational agency 
        submitted to the Secretary under section 6114(a) solely for the 
        services and activities described in such application;
            ``(2) are designed with special regard for the language and 
        cultural needs of the Indian students; and
            ``(3) supplement and enrich the regular school program of 
        such agency.
    ``(b) Particular Activities.--The services and activities referred 
to in subsection (a) may include--
            ``(1) activities that support Native American language 
        immersion programs and Native American language restoration 
        programs, which may be taught by traditional leaders;
            ``(2) culturally related activities that support the 
        program described in the application submitted by the local 
        educational agency;
            ``(3) early childhood and family programs that emphasize 
        school readiness;
            ``(4) enrichment programs that focus on problem solving and 
        cognitive skills development and directly support the 
        attainment of challenging State academic content and student 
        academic achievement standards;
            ``(5) integrated educational services in combination with 
        other programs including programs that enhance student 
        achievement by promoting increased involvement of parents and 
        families in school activities;
            ``(6) career preparation activities to enable Indian 
        students to participate in programs such as the programs 
        supported by the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education 
        Improvement Act of 2006, including programs for tech-prep 
        education, mentoring, and apprenticeship;
            ``(7) activities to educate individuals so as to prevent 
        violence, suicide, and substance abuse;
            ``(8) the acquisition of equipment, but only if the 
        acquisition of the equipment is essential to achieve the 
        purpose described in section 6111;
            ``(9) activities that promote the incorporation of 
        culturally responsive teaching and learning strategies into the 
        educational program of the local educational agency;
            ``(10) activities that incorporate culturally and 
        linguistically relevant curriculum content into classroom 
        instruction that is responsive to the unique learning styles of 
        Indian and Alaska Native children and ensures that children are 
        better able to meet State standards;
            ``(11) family literacy services;
            ``(12) activities that recognize and support the unique 
        cultural and educational needs of Indian children, and 
        incorporate appropriately qualified tribal elders and seniors;
            ``(13) dropout prevention strategies for Indian and Alaska 
        Native students; and
            ``(14) strategies to meet the educational needs of at-risk 
        Indian students in correctional facilities, including such 
        strategies that support Indian and Alaska Native students who 
        are transitioning from such facilities to schools served by 
        local educational agencies.
    ``(c) Schoolwide Programs.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, a local educational agency may use funds made available to such 
agency under this subpart to support a schoolwide program under section 
1114 if--
            ``(1) the committee established pursuant to section 
        6114(c)(5) approves the use of the funds for the schoolwide 
        program;
            ``(2) the schoolwide program is consistent with the purpose 
        described in section 6111; and
            ``(3) the local educational agency identifies in its 
        application how the use of such funds in a schoolwide program 
        will produce benefits to the American Indian and Alaska Native 
        students that would not be achieved if the funds were not used 
        in a schoolwide program.
    ``(d) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--Not more than 5 percent 
of the funds provided to a grantee under this subpart for any fiscal 
year may be used for administrative purposes.
    ``(e) Limitation on the Use of Funds.--Funds provided to a grantee 
under this subpart may not be used for long-distance travel expenses 
for training activities available locally or regionally.

``SEC. 6116. INTEGRATION OF SERVICES AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) Plan.--An entity receiving funds under this subpart may 
submit a plan to the Secretary for the integration of education and 
related services provided to Indian students.
    ``(b) Consolidation of Programs.--Upon the receipt of an acceptable 
plan under subsection (a), the Secretary, in cooperation with each 
Federal agency providing grants for the provision of education and 
related services to the entity, shall authorize the entity to 
consolidate, in accordance with such plan, the federally funded 
education and related services programs of the entity and the Federal 
programs, or portions of the programs, serving Indian students in a 
manner that integrates the program services involved into a single, 
coordinated, comprehensive program and reduces administrative costs by 
consolidating administrative functions.
    ``(c) Programs Affected.--The funds that may be consolidated in a 
demonstration project under any such plan referred to in subsection (a) 
shall include funds for any Federal program exclusively serving Indian 
children, or the funds reserved under any Federal program to 
exclusively serve Indian children, under which the entity is eligible 
for receipt of funds under a statutory or administrative formula for 
the purposes of providing education and related services that would be 
used to serve Indian students.
    ``(d) Plan Requirements.--For a plan to be acceptable pursuant to 
subsection (b), the plan shall--
            ``(1) identify the programs or funding sources to be 
        consolidated;
            ``(2) be consistent with the objectives of this section 
        concerning authorizing the services to be integrated in a 
        demonstration project;
            ``(3) describe a comprehensive strategy that identifies the 
        full range of potential educational opportunities and related 
        services to be provided to assist Indian students to achieve 
        the objectives set forth in this subpart;
            ``(4) describe the way in which services are to be 
        integrated and delivered and the results expected from the 
        plan;
            ``(5) identify the projected expenditures under the plan in 
        a single budget;
            ``(6) identify the State, tribal, or local agency or 
        agencies to be involved in the delivery of the services 
        integrated under the plan;
            ``(7) identify any statutory provisions, regulations, 
        policies, or procedures that the entity believes need to be 
        waived in order to implement the plan;
            ``(8) set forth measures for academic content and student 
        academic achievement goals designed to be met within a specific 
        period of time; and
            ``(9) be approved by a committee formed in accordance with 
        section 6114(c)(5), if such a committee exists.
    ``(e) Plan Review.--Upon receipt of the plan from an eligible 
entity, the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of each Federal 
department providing funds to be used to implement the plan, and with 
the entity submitting the plan. The parties so consulting shall 
identify any waivers of statutory requirements or of Federal 
departmental regulations, policies, or procedures necessary to enable 
the entity to implement the plan. Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, the Secretary of the affected department shall have the 
authority to waive any regulation, policy, or procedure promulgated by 
that department that has been so identified by the entity or 
department, unless the Secretary of the affected department determines 
that such a waiver is inconsistent with the objectives of this subpart 
or those provisions of the statute from which the program involved 
derives authority that are specifically applicable to Indian students.
    ``(f) Plan Approval.--Within 90 days after the receipt of an 
entity's plan by the Secretary, the Secretary shall inform the entity, 
in writing, of the Secretary's approval or disapproval of the plan. If 
the plan is disapproved, the entity shall be informed, in writing, of 
the reasons for the disapproval and shall be given an opportunity to 
amend the plan or to petition the Secretary to reconsider such 
disapproval.
    ``(g) Responsibilities of Department of Education.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of enactment of the Student Success Act of 
2013, the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of the Interior, the 
Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services, and the head 
of any other Federal department or agency identified by the Secretary 
of Education, shall enter into an interdepartmental memorandum of 
agreement providing for the implementation and coordination of the 
demonstration projects authorized under this section. The lead agency 
head for a demonstration project under this section shall be--
            ``(1) the Secretary of the Interior, in the case of an 
        entity meeting the definition of a contract or grant school 
        under title XI of the Education Amendments of 1978; or
            ``(2) the Secretary of Education, in the case of any other 
        entity.
    ``(h) Responsibilities of Lead Agency.--The responsibilities of the 
lead agency shall include--
            ``(1) the use of a single report format related to the plan 
        for the individual project, which shall be used by an eligible 
        entity to report on the activities undertaken under the 
        project;
            ``(2) the use of a single report format related to the 
        projected expenditures for the individual project which shall 
        be used by an eligible entity to report on all project 
        expenditures;
            ``(3) the development of a single system of Federal 
        oversight for the project, which shall be implemented by the 
        lead agency; and
            ``(4) the provision of technical assistance to an eligible 
        entity appropriate to the project, except that an eligible 
        entity shall have the authority to accept or reject the plan 
        for providing such technical assistance and the technical 
        assistance provider.
    ``(i) Report Requirements.--A single report format shall be 
developed by the Secretary, consistent with the requirements of this 
section. Such report format shall require that reports described in 
subsection (h), together with records maintained on the consolidated 
program at the local level, shall contain such information as will 
allow a determination that the eligible entity has complied with the 
requirements incorporated in its approved plan, including making a 
demonstration of student academic achievement, and will provide 
assurances to each Secretary that the eligible entity has complied with 
all directly applicable statutory requirements and with those directly 
applicable regulatory requirements that have not been waived.
    ``(j) No Reduction in Amounts.--In no case shall the amount of 
Federal funds available to an eligible entity involved in any 
demonstration project be reduced as a result of the enactment of this 
section.
    ``(k) Interagency Fund Transfers Authorized.--The Secretary is 
authorized to take such action as may be necessary to provide for an 
interagency transfer of funds otherwise available to an eligible entity 
in order to further the objectives of this section.
    ``(l) Administration of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Program funds for the consolidated 
        programs shall be administered in such a manner as to allow for 
        a determination that funds from a specific program are spent on 
        allowable activities authorized under such program, except that 
        the eligible entity shall determine the proportion of the funds 
        granted that shall be allocated to such program.
            ``(2) Separate records not required.--Nothing in this 
        section shall be construed as requiring the eligible entity to 
        maintain separate records tracing any services or activities 
        conducted under the approved plan to the individual programs 
        under which funds were authorized for the services or 
        activities, nor shall the eligible entity be required to 
        allocate expenditures among such individual programs.
    ``(m) Overage.--The eligible entity may commingle all 
administrative funds from the consolidated programs and shall be 
entitled to the full amount of such funds (under each program's or 
agency's regulations). The overage (defined as the difference between 
the amount of the commingled funds and the actual administrative cost 
of the programs) shall be considered to be properly spent for Federal 
audit purposes, if the overage is used for the purposes provided for 
under this section.
    ``(n) Fiscal Accountability.--Nothing in this part shall be 
construed so as to interfere with the ability of the Secretary or the 
lead agency to fulfill the responsibilities for the safeguarding of 
Federal funds pursuant to chapter 75 of title 31, United States Code.
    ``(o) Report on Statutory Obstacles to Program Integration.--
            ``(1) Preliminary report.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of the Student Success Act of 2013, the 
        Secretary of Education shall submit a preliminary report to the 
        Committee on Education and the Workforce and the Committee on 
        Natural Resources of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the 
        Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate on the status of the 
        implementation of the demonstration projects authorized under 
        this section.
            ``(2) Final report.--Not later than 5 years after the date 
        of enactment of the Student Success Act of 2013, the Secretary 
        of Education shall submit a report to the Committee on 
        Education and the Workforce and the Committee on Natural 
        Resources of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions and the Committee on 
        Indian Affairs of the Senate on the results of the 
        implementation of the demonstration projects authorized under 
        this section. Such report shall identify statutory barriers to 
        the ability of participants to integrate more effectively their 
        education and related services to Indian students in a manner 
        consistent with the objectives of this section.
    ``(p) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section, the term 
`Secretary' means--
            ``(1) the Secretary of the Interior, in the case of an 
        entity meeting the definition of a contract or grant school 
        under title XI of the Education Amendments of 1978; or
            ``(2) the Secretary of Education, in the case of any other 
        entity.

``SEC. 6117. STUDENT ELIGIBILITY FORMS.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall require that, as part of an 
application for a grant under this subpart, each applicant shall 
maintain a file, with respect to each Indian child for whom the local 
educational agency provides a free public education, that contains a 
form that sets forth information establishing the status of the child 
as an Indian child eligible for assistance under this subpart, and that 
otherwise meets the requirements of subsection (b).
    ``(b) Forms.--The form described in subsection (a) shall include--
            ``(1) either--
                    ``(A)(i) the name of the tribe or band of Indians 
                (as defined in section 6151) with respect to which the 
                child claims membership;
                    ``(ii) the enrollment or membership number 
                establishing the membership of the child (if readily 
                available); and
                    ``(iii) the name and address of the organization 
                that maintains updated and accurate membership data for 
                such tribe or band of Indians; or
                    ``(B) the name, the enrollment or membership number 
                (if readily available), and the name and address of the 
                organization responsible for maintaining updated and 
                accurate membership data, of any parent or grandparent 
                of the child from whom the child claims eligibility 
                under this subpart, if the child is not a member of the 
                tribe or band of Indians (as so defined);
            ``(2) a statement of whether the tribe or band of Indians 
        (as so defined), with respect to which the child, or parent or 
        grandparent of the child, claims membership, is federally 
        recognized;
            ``(3) the name and address of the parent or legal guardian 
        of the child;
            ``(4) a signature of the parent or legal guardian of the 
        child that verifies the accuracy of the information supplied; 
        and
            ``(5) any other information that the Secretary considers 
        necessary to provide an accurate program profile.
    ``(c) Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to affect a definition contained in section 6151.
    ``(d) Documentation and Types of Proof.--
            ``(1) Types of proof.--For purposes of determining whether 
        a child is eligible to be counted for the purpose of computing 
        the amount of a grant award under section 6113, the membership 
        of the child, or any parent or grandparent of the child, in a 
        tribe or band of Indians (as so defined) may be established by 
        proof other than an enrollment number, notwithstanding the 
        availability of an enrollment number for a member of such tribe 
        or band. Nothing in subsection (b) shall be construed to 
        require the furnishing of an enrollment number.
            ``(2) No new or duplicative determinations.--Once a child 
        is determined to be an Indian eligible to be counted for such 
        grant award, the local education agency shall maintain a record 
        of such determination and shall not require a new or duplicate 
        determination to be made for such child for a subsequent 
        application for a grant under this subpart.
            ``(3) Previously filed forms.--An Indian student 
        eligibility form that was on file as required by this section 
        on the day before the date of enactment of the Student Success 
        Act of 2013 and that met the requirements of this section, as 
        this section was in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of such Act, shall remain valid for such Indian 
        student.
    ``(e) Monitoring and Evaluation Review.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Review.--For each fiscal year, in order to 
                provide such information as is necessary to carry out 
                the responsibility of the Secretary to provide 
                technical assistance under this subpart, the Secretary 
                shall conduct a monitoring and evaluation review of a 
                sampling of the recipients of grants under this 
                subpart. The sampling conducted under this subparagraph 
                shall take into account the size of and the geographic 
                location of each local educational agency.
                    ``(B) Exception.--A local educational agency may 
                not be held liable to the United States or be subject 
                to any penalty, by reason of the findings of an audit 
                that relates to the date of completion, or the date of 
                submission, of any forms used to establish, before 
                April 28, 1988, the eligibility of a child for an 
                entitlement under the Indian Elementary and Secondary 
                School Assistance Act.
            ``(2) False information.--Any local educational agency that 
        provides false information in an application for a grant under 
        this subpart shall--
                    ``(A) be ineligible to apply for any other grant 
                under this subpart; and
                    ``(B) be liable to the United States for any funds 
                from the grant that have not been expended.
            ``(3) Excluded children.--A student who provides false 
        information for the form required under subsection (a) shall 
        not be counted for the purpose of computing the amount of a 
        grant under section 6113.
    ``(f) Tribal Grant and Contract Schools.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this section, in calculating the amount of a grant under 
this subpart to a tribal school that receives a grant or contract from 
the Bureau of Indian Education, the Secretary shall use only one of the 
following, as selected by the school:
            ``(1) A count of the number of students in the schools 
        certified by the Bureau.
            ``(2) A count of the number of students for whom the school 
        has eligibility forms that comply with this section.
    ``(g) Timing of Child Counts.--For purposes of determining the 
number of children to be counted in calculating the amount of a local 
educational agency's grant under this subpart (other than in the case 
described in subsection (f)(1)), the local educational agency shall--
            ``(1) establish a date on, or a period not longer than 31 
        consecutive days during, which the agency counts those 
        children, if that date or period occurs before the deadline 
        established by the Secretary for submitting an application 
        under section 6114; and
            ``(2) determine that each such child was enrolled, and 
        receiving a free public education, in a school of the agency on 
        that date or during that period, as the case may be.

``SEC. 6118. PAYMENTS.

    ``(a) In General.--Subject to subsections (b) and (c), the 
Secretary shall pay to each local educational agency that submits an 
application that is approved by the Secretary under this subpart the 
amount determined under section 6113. The Secretary shall notify the 
local educational agency of the amount of the payment not later than 
June 1 of the year for which the Secretary makes the payment.
    ``(b) Payments Taken Into Account by the State.--The Secretary may 
not make a grant under this subpart to a local educational agency for a 
fiscal year if, for such fiscal year, the State in which the local 
educational agency is located takes into consideration payments made 
under this chapter in determining the eligibility of the local 
educational agency for State aid, or the amount of the State aid, with 
respect to the free public education of children during such fiscal 
year or the preceding fiscal year.
    ``(c) Reduction of Payment for Failure To Maintain Fiscal Effort.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may not pay a local 
        educational agency the full amount of a grant award determined 
        under section 6113 for any fiscal year unless the State 
        educational agency notifies the Secretary, and the Secretary 
        determines, that with respect to the provision of free public 
        education by the local educational agency for the preceding 
        fiscal year, the combined fiscal effort of the local 
        educational agency and the State, computed on either a per 
        student or aggregate expenditure basis, was not less than 90 
        percent of the amount of the combined fiscal effort, computed 
        on the same basis, for the second preceding fiscal year.
            ``(2) Failure to maintain effort.--If, for the preceding 
        fiscal year, the Secretary determines that a local educational 
        agency and State failed to maintain the combined fiscal effort 
        for such agency at the level specified in paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) reduce the amount of the grant that would 
                otherwise be made to such agency under this subpart in 
                the exact proportion of the failure to maintain the 
                fiscal effort at such level; and
                    ``(B) not use the reduced amount of the agency and 
                State expenditures for the preceding year to determine 
                compliance with paragraph (1) for any succeeding fiscal 
                year, but shall use the amount of expenditures that 
                would have been required to comply with paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Waiver.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may waive the 
                requirement of paragraph (1) for a local educational 
                agency, for not more than 1 year at a time, if the 
                Secretary determines that the failure to comply with 
                such requirement is due to exceptional or 
                uncontrollable circumstances, such as a natural 
                disaster or a precipitous and unforeseen decline in the 
                agency's financial resources.
                    ``(B) Future determinations.--The Secretary shall 
                not use the reduced amount of the agency's expenditures 
                for the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which 
                a waiver is granted to determine compliance with 
                paragraph (1) for any succeeding fiscal year, but shall 
                use the amount of expenditures that would have been 
                required to comply with paragraph (1) in the absence of 
                the waiver.
    ``(d) Reallocations.--The Secretary may reallocate, in a manner 
that the Secretary determines will best carry out the purpose of this 
subpart, any amounts that--
            ``(1) based on estimates made by local educational agencies 
        or other information, the Secretary determines will not be 
        needed by such agencies to carry out approved programs under 
        this subpart; or
            ``(2) otherwise become available for reallocation under 
        this subpart.

``SEC. 6119. STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY REVIEW.

    ``Before submitting an application to the Secretary under section 
6114, a local educational agency shall submit the application to the 
State educational agency, which may comment on such application. If the 
State educational agency comments on the application, the agency shall 
comment on all applications submitted by local educational agencies in 
the State and shall provide those comments to the respective local 
educational agencies, with an opportunity to respond.

   ``Subpart 2--Special Programs and Projects To Improve Educational 
              Opportunities for Indian Children and Youth

``SEC. 6121. SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS TO IMPROVE EDUCATIONAL 
              OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN CHILDREN AND YOUTH.

    ``(a) Purpose.--
            ``(1) In general.--It is the purpose of this section to 
        support projects to develop, test, and demonstrate the 
        effectiveness of services and programs to improve educational 
        opportunities and achievement of Indian children and youth.
            ``(2) Coordination.--The Secretary shall take the necessary 
        actions to achieve the coordination of activities assisted 
        under this subpart with--
                    ``(A) other programs funded under this Act; and
                    ``(B) other Federal programs operated for the 
                benefit of American Indian and Alaska Native children 
                and youth.
    ``(b) Eligible Entities.--In this section, the term `eligible 
entity' means a State educational agency, local educational agency, 
Indian tribe, Indian organization, federally supported elementary 
school or secondary school for Indian students, Indian institution 
(including an Indian institution of higher education), Alaska Native 
Organization, or a consortium of such entities.
    ``(c) Grants Authorized.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall award grants to 
        eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out 
        activities that meet the purpose of this section, including--
                    ``(A) innovative programs related to the 
                educational needs of educationally disadvantaged 
                children and youth;
                    ``(B) educational services that are not available 
                to such children and youth in sufficient quantity or 
                quality, including remedial instruction, to raise the 
                achievement of Indian and Alaska Native children in one 
                or more of the core academic subjects of English, 
                mathematics, science, foreign languages, art, history, 
                and geography;
                    ``(C) bilingual and bicultural programs and 
                projects;
                    ``(D) special health and nutrition services, and 
                other related activities, that address the special 
                health, social, emotional, and psychological problems 
                of Indian children;
                    ``(E) special compensatory and other programs and 
                projects designed to assist and encourage Indian 
                children to enter, remain in, or reenter school, and to 
                increase the rate of high school graduation for Indian 
                children;
                    ``(F) comprehensive guidance, counseling, and 
                testing services;
                    ``(G) high quality early childhood education 
                programs that are effective in preparing young children 
                to make sufficient academic growth by the end of grade 
                3, including kindergarten and pre-kindergarten 
                programs, family-based preschool programs that 
                emphasize school readiness, screening and referral, and 
                the provision of services to Indian children and youth 
                with disabilities;
                    ``(H) partnership projects between local 
                educational agencies and institutions of higher 
                education that allow secondary school students to 
                enroll in courses at the postsecondary level to aid 
                such students in the transition from secondary to 
                postsecondary education;
                    ``(I) partnership projects between schools and 
                local businesses for career preparation programs 
                designed to provide Indian youth with the knowledge and 
                skills such youth need to make an effective transition 
                from school to a high-skill, high-wage career;
                    ``(J) programs designed to encourage and assist 
                Indian students to work toward, and gain entrance into, 
                an institution of higher education;
                    ``(K) family literacy services;
                    ``(L) activities that recognize and support the 
                unique cultural and educational needs of Indian 
                children, and incorporate appropriately qualified 
                tribal elders and seniors;
                    ``(M) high quality professional development of 
                teaching professionals and paraprofessionals; or
                    ``(N) other services that meet the purpose 
                described in this section.
    ``(d) Grant Requirements and Applications.--
            ``(1) Grant requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make multiyear 
                grants under subsection (c) for the planning, 
                development, pilot operation, or demonstration of any 
                activity described in subsection (c) for a period not 
                to exceed 5 years.
                    ``(B) Priority.--In making multiyear grants 
                described in this paragraph, the Secretary shall give 
                priority to entities submitting applications that 
                present a plan for combining two or more of the 
                activities described in subsection (c) over a period of 
                more than 1 year.
                    ``(C) Progress.--The Secretary shall make a grant 
                payment for a grant described in this paragraph to an 
                eligible entity after the initial year of the multiyear 
                grant only if the Secretary determines that the 
                eligible entity has made substantial progress in 
                carrying out the activities assisted under the grant in 
                accordance with the application submitted under 
                paragraph (3) and any subsequent modifications to such 
                application.
            ``(2) Dissemination grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In addition to awarding the 
                multiyear grants described in paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary may award grants under subsection (c) to 
                eligible entities for the dissemination of exemplary 
                materials or programs assisted under this section.
                    ``(B) Determination.--The Secretary may award a 
                dissemination grant described in this paragraph if, 
                prior to awarding the grant, the Secretary determines 
                that the material or program to be disseminated--
                            ``(i) has been adequately reviewed;
                            ``(ii) has demonstrated educational merit; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) can be replicated.
            ``(3) Application.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Any eligible entity that desires 
                to receive a grant under this section shall submit an 
                application to the Secretary at such time and in such 
                manner as the Secretary may reasonably require.
                    ``(B) Contents.--Each application submitted to the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (A), other than an 
                application for a dissemination grant under paragraph 
                (2), shall contain--
                            ``(i) a description of how parents of 
                        Indian children and representatives of Indian 
                        tribes have been, and will be, involved in 
                        developing and implementing the activities for 
                        which assistance is sought;
                            ``(ii) assurances that the applicant will 
                        participate, at the request of the Secretary, 
                        in any national evaluation of activities 
                        assisted under this section;
                            ``(iii) information demonstrating that the 
                        proposed program for the activities is a 
                        scientifically based research program, where 
                        applicable, which may include a program that 
                        has been modified to be culturally appropriate 
                        for students who will be served;
                            ``(iv) a description of how the applicant 
                        will incorporate the proposed activities into 
                        the ongoing school program involved once the 
                        grant period is over; and
                            ``(v) such other assurances and information 
                        as the Secretary may reasonably require.
    ``(e) Administrative Costs.--Not more than 5 percent of the funds 
provided to a grantee under this subpart for any fiscal year may be 
used for administrative purposes.

``SEC. 6122. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR TEACHERS AND EDUCATION 
              PROFESSIONALS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
            ``(1) to increase the number of qualified Indian and Alaska 
        Native teachers and administrators serving Indian and Alaska 
        Native students;
            ``(2) to provide training to qualified Indian and Alaska 
        Native individuals to become educators and education support 
        service professionals; and
            ``(3) to improve the skills of qualified Indian individuals 
        who serve in the capacities described in paragraph (2).
    ``(b) Eligible Entities.--For the purpose of this section, the term 
`eligible entity' means--
            ``(1) an institution of higher education, including an 
        Indian institution of higher education;
            ``(2) a State educational agency or local educational 
        agency, in consortium with an institution of higher education;
            ``(3) an Indian tribe or organization, in consortium with 
        an institution of higher education; and
            ``(4) a Bureau-funded school (as defined in section 1146 of 
        the Education Amendments of 1978).
    ``(c) Program Authorized.--The Secretary is authorized to award 
grants to eligible entities having applications approved under this 
section to enable those entities to carry out the activities described 
in subsection (d).
    ``(d) Authorized Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Grant funds under this section shall be 
        used for activities to provide support and training for Indian 
        individuals in a manner consistent with the purposes of this 
        section. Such activities may include continuing programs, 
        symposia, workshops, conferences, and direct financial support, 
        and may include programs designed to train tribal elders and 
        seniors.
            ``(2) Special rules.--
                    ``(A) Type of training.--For education personnel, 
                the training received pursuant to a grant under this 
                section may be inservice or preservice training.
                    ``(B) Program.--For individuals who are being 
                trained to enter any field other than teaching, the 
                training received pursuant to a grant under this 
                section shall be in a program that results in a 
                graduate degree.
    ``(e) Application.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant under 
this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, 
in such manner, and accompanied by such information, as the Secretary 
may reasonably require. At a minimum
    ``(f) Special Rule.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary--
            ``(1) shall consider the prior performance of the eligible 
        entity; and
            ``(2) may not limit eligibility to receive a grant under 
        this section on the basis of--
                    ``(A) the number of previous grants the Secretary 
                has awarded such entity; or
                    ``(B) the length of any period during which such 
                entity received such grants.
    ``(g) Grant Period.--Each grant under this section shall be awarded 
for a period of not more than 5 years.
    ``(h) Service Obligation.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall require, by 
        regulation, that an individual who receives training pursuant 
        to a grant made under this section--
                    ``(A) perform work--
                            ``(i) related to the training received 
                        under this section; and
                            ``(ii) that benefits Indian people; or
                    ``(B) repay all or a prorated part of the 
                assistance received.
            ``(2) Reporting.--The Secretary shall establish, by 
        regulation, a reporting procedure under which a grant recipient 
        under this section shall, not later than 12 months after the 
        date of completion of the training, and periodically 
        thereafter, provide information concerning compliance with the 
        work requirement under paragraph (1).

``SEC. 6123. TRIBAL EDUCATION AGENCIES COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS.

    ``(a) Purpose.--Tribes may enter into written cooperative 
agreements with the State educational agency and the local educational 
agencies operating a school or schools within Indian lands. For 
purposes of this section, the term `Indian land' has the meaning given 
that term in section 8013.
    ``(b) Cooperative Agreement.--If requested by the Indian tribe, the 
State educational agency or the local educational agency may enter into 
a cooperative agreement with the Indian tribe. Such cooperative 
agreement--
            ``(1) may authorize the tribe or such tribe's respective 
        tribal education agency to plan, conduct, consolidate, and 
        administer programs, services, functions, and activities, or 
        portions thereof, administered by the State educational agency 
        or the local educational agency;
            ``(2) may authorize the tribe or such tribe's respective 
        tribal education agency to reallocate funds for such programs, 
        services, functions, and activities, or portions thereof as 
        necessary; and
            ``(3) shall--
                    ``(A) only confer the tribe or such tribe's 
                respective tribal education agency with 
                responsibilities to conduct activities described in 
                paragraph (1) such that the burden assumed by the tribe 
                or the tribal education agency for conducting such is 
                commensurate with the benefit that doing so conveys to 
                all parties of the agreement; and
                    ``(B) be based solely on terms of the written 
                agreement decided upon by the Indian tribe and the 
                State educational agency or local education agency.
    ``(c) Disagreement.--Agreements shall only be valid if the Indian 
tribe and State educational agency or local educational agency agree 
fully in writing to all of the terms of the written cooperative 
agreement.
    ``(d) Compliance With Applicable Law.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed to relieve any party to a cooperative agreement from 
complying with all applicable Federal, State, local laws. State and 
local educational agencies are still the ultimate responsible, liable 
parties for complying with all laws and funding requirements for any 
functions that are conveyed to tribes and tribal education agencies 
through the cooperative agreements.
    ``(e) Definition.--For the purposes of this subpart, the term 
`Indian Tribe' means any tribe or band that is officially recognized by 
the Secretary of the Interior.

                    ``Subpart 3--National Activities

``SEC. 6131. NATIONAL RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Authorized Activities.--The Secretary may use funds made 
available to carry out this subpart for each fiscal year to--
            ``(1) conduct research related to effective approaches for 
        improving the academic achievement and development of Indian 
        and Alaska Native children and adults;
            ``(2) collect and analyze data on the educational status 
        and needs of Indian and Alaska Native students; and
            ``(3) carry out other activities that are consistent with 
        the purpose of this part.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--The Secretary may carry out any of the 
activities described in subsection (a) directly or through grants to, 
or contracts or cooperative agreements with, Indian tribes, Indian 
organizations, State educational agencies, local educational agencies, 
institutions of higher education, including Indian institutions of 
higher education, and other public and private agencies and 
institutions.
    ``(c) Coordination.--Research activities supported under this 
section--
            ``(1) shall be coordinated with appropriate offices within 
        the Department; and
            ``(2) may include collaborative research activities that 
        are jointly funded and carried out by the Office of Indian 
        Education Programs, the Office of Educational Research and 
        Improvement, the Bureau of Indian Education, and the Institute 
        of Education Sciences.

``SEC. 6132. IMPROVEMENT OF ACADEMIC SUCCESS FOR STUDENTS THROUGH 
              NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE.

    ``(a) Purpose.--It is the purpose of this section to improve 
educational opportunities and academic achievement of Indian and Alaska 
Native students through Native American language programs and to foster 
the acquisition of Native American language.
    ``(b) Definition of Eligible Entity.--In this section, the term 
`eligible entity' means a State educational agency, local educational 
agency, Indian tribe, Indian organization, federally supported 
elementary school or secondary school for Indian students, Indian 
institution (including an Indian institution of higher education), or a 
consortium of such entities.
    ``(c) Grants Authorized.--The Secretary shall award grants to 
eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out the following 
activities:
            ``(1) Native American language programs that--
                    ``(A) provide instruction through the use of a 
                Native American language for not less than 10 children 
                for an average of not less than 500 hours per year per 
                student;
                    ``(B) provide for the involvement of parents, 
                caregivers, and families of students enrolled in the 
                program;
                    ``(C) utilize, and may include the development of, 
                instructional courses and materials for learning Native 
                American languages and for instruction through the use 
                of Native American languages;
                    ``(D) provide support for professional development 
                activities; and
                    ``(E) include a goal of all students achieving--
                            ``(i) fluency in a Native American 
                        language; and
                            ``(ii) academic proficiency in mathematics, 
                        English, reading or language arts, and science.
            ``(2) Native American language restoration programs that--
                    ``(A) provide instruction in not less than 1 Native 
                American language;
                    ``(B) provide support for professional development 
                activities for teachers of Native American languages;
                    ``(C) develop instructional materials for the 
                programs; and
                    ``(D) include the goal of increasing proficiency 
                and fluency in not less than 1 Native American 
                language.
    ``(d) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that desires to 
        receive a grant under this section shall submit an application 
        to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied 
        by such information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(2) Certification.--An eligible entity that submits an 
        application for a grant to carry out the activity specified in 
        subsection (c)(1), shall include in such application a 
        certification that assures that such entity has experience and 
        a demonstrated record of effectiveness in operating and 
        administering a Native American language program or any other 
        educational program in which instruction is conducted in a 
        Native American language.
    ``(e) Grant Duration.--The Secretary shall make grants under this 
section only on a multi-year basis. Each such grant shall be for a 
period not to exceed 5 years.
    ``(f) Definition.--In this section, the term `average' means the 
aggregate number of hours of instruction through the use of a Native 
American language to all students enrolled in a Native American 
language program during a school year divided by the total number of 
students enrolled in the program.
    ``(g) Administrative Costs.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        more than 5 percent of the funds provided to a grantee under 
        this section for any fiscal year may be used for administrative 
        purposes.
            ``(2) Exception.--An elementary school or secondary school 
        for Indian students that receives funds from a recipient of a 
        grant under subsection (c) for any fiscal year may use not more 
        than 10 percent of the funds for administrative purposes.

``SEC. 6133. GRANTS TO TRIBES FOR EDUCATION ADMINISTRATIVE PLANNING AND 
              DEVELOPMENT.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make grants to Indian tribes, 
and tribal organizations approved by Indian tribes, to plan and develop 
a centralized tribal administrative entity to--
            ``(1) coordinate all education programs operated by the 
        tribe or within the territorial jurisdiction of the tribe;
            ``(2) develop education codes for schools within the 
        territorial jurisdiction of the tribe;
            ``(3) provide support services and technical assistance to 
        schools serving children of the tribe; and
            ``(4) perform child-find screening services for the 
        preschool-aged children of the tribe to--
                    ``(A) ensure placement in appropriate educational 
                facilities; and
                    ``(B) coordinate the provision of any needed 
                special services for conditions such as disabilities 
                and English language skill deficiencies.
    ``(b) Period of Grant.--Each grant awarded under this section may 
be awarded for a period of not more than 3 years. Such grant may be 
renewed upon the termination of the initial period of the grant if the 
grant recipient demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that 
renewing the grant for an additional 3-year period is necessary to 
carry out the objectives of the grant described in subsection 
(c)(2)(A).
    ``(c) Application for Grant.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each Indian tribe and tribal 
        organization desiring a grant under this section shall submit 
        an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, 
        containing such information, and consistent with such criteria, 
        as the Secretary may prescribe in regulations.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application described in paragraph 
        (1) shall contain--
                    ``(A) a statement describing the activities to be 
                conducted, and the objectives to be achieved, under the 
                grant; and
                    ``(B) a description of the method to be used for 
                evaluating the effectiveness of the activities for 
                which assistance is sought and for determining whether 
                such objectives are achieved.
            ``(3) Approval.--The Secretary may approve an application 
        submitted by a tribe or tribal organization pursuant to this 
        section only if the Secretary is satisfied that such 
        application, including any documentation submitted with the 
        application--
                    ``(A) demonstrates that the applicant has consulted 
                with other education entities, if any, within the 
                territorial jurisdiction of the applicant who will be 
                affected by the activities to be conducted under the 
                grant;
                    ``(B) provides for consultation with such other 
                education entities in the operation and evaluation of 
                the activities conducted under the grant; and
                    ``(C) demonstrates that there will be adequate 
                resources provided under this section or from other 
                sources to complete the activities for which assistance 
                is sought, except that the availability of such other 
                resources shall not be a basis for disapproval of such 
                application.
    ``(d) Restriction.--A tribe may not receive funds under this 
section if such tribe receives funds under section 1144 of the 
Education Amendments of 1978.

                  ``Subpart 4--Federal Administration

``SEC. 6141. NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL ON INDIAN EDUCATION.

    ``(a) Membership.--There is established a National Advisory Council 
on Indian Education (hereafter in this section referred to as the 
`Council'), which shall--
            ``(1) consist of 15 Indian members, who shall be appointed 
        by the President from lists of nominees furnished, from time to 
        time, by Indian tribes and organizations; and
            ``(2) represent different geographic areas of the United 
        States.
    ``(b) Duties.--The Council shall--
            ``(1) advise the Secretary concerning the funding and 
        administration (including the development of regulations and 
        administrative policies and practices) of any program, 
        including any program established under this part--
                    ``(A) with respect to which the Secretary has 
                jurisdiction; and
                    ``(B)(i) that includes Indian children or adults as 
                participants; or
                    ``(ii) that may benefit Indian children or adults;
            ``(2) make recommendations to the Secretary for filling the 
        position of Director of Indian Education whenever a vacancy 
        occurs; and
            ``(3) submit to Congress, not later than June 30 of each 
        year, a report on the activities of the Council, including--
                    ``(A) any recommendations that the Council 
                considers appropriate for the improvement of Federal 
                education programs that include Indian children or 
                adults as participants, or that may benefit Indian 
                children or adults; and
                    ``(B) recommendations concerning the funding of any 
                program described in subparagraph (A).

``SEC. 6142. PEER REVIEW.

    ``The Secretary may use a peer review process to review 
applications submitted to the Secretary under subpart 2 or subpart 3.

``SEC. 6143. PREFERENCE FOR INDIAN APPLICANTS.

    ``In making grants and entering into contracts or cooperative 
agreements under subpart 2 or subpart 3, the Secretary shall give a 
preference to Indian tribes, organizations, and institutions of higher 
education under any program with respect to which Indian tribes, 
organizations, and institutions are eligible to apply for grants, 
contracts, or cooperative agreements.

``SEC. 6144. MINIMUM GRANT CRITERIA.

    ``The Secretary may not approve an application for a grant, 
contract, or cooperative agreement under subpart 2 or subpart 3 unless 
the application is for a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement that 
is--
            ``(1) of sufficient size, scope, and quality to achieve the 
        purpose or objectives of such grant, contract, or cooperative 
        agreement; and
            ``(2) based on relevant research findings.

       ``Subpart 5--Definitions; Authorizations of Appropriations

``SEC. 6151. DEFINITIONS.

    ``For the purposes of this part:
            ``(1) Adult.--The term `adult' means an individual who--
                    ``(A) has attained the age of 16 years; or
                    ``(B) has attained an age that is greater than the 
                age of compulsory school attendance under an applicable 
                State law.
            ``(2) Free public education.--The term `free public 
        education' means education that is--
                    ``(A) provided at public expense, under public 
                supervision and direction, and without tuition charge; 
                and
                    ``(B) provided as elementary or secondary education 
                in the applicable State or to preschool children.
            ``(3) Indian.--The term `Indian' means an individual who 
        is--
                    ``(A) a member of an Indian tribe or band, as 
                membership is defined by the tribe or band, including--
                            ``(i) any tribe or band terminated since 
                        1940; and
                            ``(ii) any tribe or band recognized by the 
                        State in which the tribe or band resides;
                    ``(B) a descendant, in the first or second degree, 
                of an individual described in subparagraph (A);
                    ``(C) considered by the Secretary of the Interior 
                to be an Indian for any purpose;
                    ``(D) an Alaska Native, as defined in section 
                6206(1); or
                    ``(E) a member of an organized Indian group that 
                received a grant under the Indian Education Act of 1988 
                as in effect the day preceding the date of enactment of 
                the Improving America's Schools Act of 1994.
            ``(4) Alaska native organization.--The term `Alaska Native 
        Organization' has the same meaning as defined in section 
        6206(2).

``SEC. 6152. AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) Subpart 1.--For the purpose of carrying out subpart 1, there 
are authorized to be appropriated $98,245,425 for each of fiscal years 
2014 through 2019.
    ``(b) Subparts 2 and 3.--For the purpose of carrying out subparts 2 
and 3, there are authorized to be appropriated $33,303,534 for each of 
fiscal years 2014 through 2019.

                   ``Part B--Alaska Native Education

``SEC. 6201. SHORT TITLE.

    ``This part may be cited as the `Alaska Native Educational Equity, 
Support, and Assistance Act'.

``SEC. 6202. FINDINGS.

    ``Congress finds and declares the following:
            ``(1) The preservation of culture and language is critical 
        to the attainment of educational success, to the betterment of 
        the conditions, and to the long-term well-being, of Alaska 
        Natives. Alaska Native students must be afforded a culturally 
        relevant education.
            ``(2) It is the policy of the Federal Government to 
        maximize the leadership of and participation by Alaska Natives 
        in the planning and the management of Alaska Native education 
        programs and to support efforts developed by and undertaken 
        within the Alaska Native community to improve educational 
        opportunity for all students.
            ``(3) Many Alaska Native children enter and exit school 
        with serious educational disadvantages.
            ``(4) Overcoming the magnitude of the geographic 
        challenges, historical inequities, and other barriers to 
        successfully improving educational outcomes for Alaska Native 
        students in rural, village, and urban settings is challenging. 
        Significant disparities between academic achievement of Alaska 
        Native students and non-Native students continues, including 
        lower graduation rates, increased school dropout rates, and 
        lower achievement scores on standardized tests.
            ``(5) The preservation of Alaska Native cultures and 
        languages and the integration of Alaska Native cultures and 
        languages into education, positive identity development for 
        Alaska Native students, and local, place-based, and culture-
        based programming are critical to the attainment of educational 
        success and the long-term well-being of Alaska Native students.
            ``(6) Improving educational outcomes for Alaska Native 
        students increases access to employment opportunities.
            ``(7) The programs and activities authorized under this 
        part give priority to Alaska Native organizations as a means of 
        increasing Alaska Native parents' and community involvement in 
        the promotion of academic success of Alaska Native students.
            ``(8) The Federal Government should lend support to efforts 
        developed by and undertaken within the Alaska Native community 
        to improve educational opportunity for Alaska Native students. 
        In 1983, pursuant to Public Law 98-63, Alaska ceased to receive 
        educational funding from the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The 
        Bureau of Indian Education does not operate any schools in 
        Alaska, nor operate or fund Alaska Native education programs. 
        The program under this part supports the Federal trust 
        responsibility of the United States to Alaska Natives.

``SEC. 6203. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are as follows:
            ``(1) To recognize and address the unique educational needs 
        of Alaska Natives.
            ``(2) To recognize the role of Alaska Native languages and 
        cultures in the educational success and long-term well-being of 
        Alaska Native students.
            ``(3) To integrate Alaska Native cultures and languages 
        into education, develop Alaska Native students' positive 
        identity, and support local place-based and culture-based 
        curriculum and programming.
            ``(4) To authorize the development, management, and 
        expansion of effective supplemental educational programs to 
        benefit Alaska Natives.
            ``(5) To provide direction and guidance to appropriate 
        Federal, State, and local agencies to focus resources, 
        including resources made available under this part, on meeting 
        the educational needs of Alaska Natives.
            ``(6) To ensure the maximum participation by Alaska Native 
        educators and leaders in the planning, development, management, 
        and evaluation of programs designed to serve Alaska Natives 
        students, and to ensure Alaska Native organizations play a 
        meaningful role in supplemental educational services provided 
        to Alaska Native students.

``SEC. 6204. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) General Authority.--
            ``(1) Grants and contracts.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        make grants to, or enter into contracts with, Alaska Native 
        organizations, State educational agencies, local educational 
        agencies, educational entities with experience in developing or 
        operating Alaska Native educational programs or programs of 
        instruction conducted in Alaska Native languages, cultural and 
        community-based organizations with experience in developing or 
        operating programs to benefit the educational needs of Alaska 
        Natives, and consortia of organizations and entities described 
        in this paragraph, to carry out programs that meet the purposes 
        of this part.
            ``(2) Additional requirement.--A State educational agency, 
        local educational agency, educational entity with experience in 
        developing or operating Alaska Native educational programs or 
        programs of instruction conducted in Alaska Native languages, 
        cultural and community-based organization with experience in 
        developing or operating programs to benefit the educational 
        needs of Alaska Natives, or consortium of such organizations 
        and entities is eligible for an award under this part only as 
        part of a partnership involving an Alaska Native organization.
            ``(3) Mandatory activities.--Activities provided through 
        the programs carried out under this part shall include the 
        following which shall only be provided specifically in the 
        context of elementary and secondary education:
                    ``(A) The development and implementation of plans, 
                methods, and strategies to improve the education of 
                Alaska Natives.
                    ``(B) The collection of data to assist in the 
                evaluation of the programs carried out under this part.
            ``(4) Permissible activities.--Activities provided through 
        programs carried out under this part may include the following 
        which shall only be provided specifically in the context of 
        elementary and secondary education:
                    ``(A) The development of curricula and programs 
                that address the educational needs of Alaska Native 
                students, including the following:
                            ``(i) Curriculum materials that reflect the 
                        cultural diversity, languages, history, or the 
                        contributions of Alaska Natives.
                            ``(ii) Instructional programs that make use 
                        of Alaska Native languages and cultures.
                            ``(iii) Networks that develop, test, and 
                        disseminate best practices and introduce 
                        successful programs, materials, and techniques 
                        to meet the educational needs of Alaska Native 
                        students in urban and rural schools.
                    ``(B) Training and professional development 
                activities for educators, including the following:
                            ``(i) Pre-service and in-service training 
                        and professional development programs to 
                        prepare teachers to develop appreciation for 
                        and understanding of Alaska Native cultures, 
                        values, ways of knowing and learning in order 
                        to effectively address the cultural diversity 
                        and unique needs of Alaska Native students.
                            ``(ii) Recruitment and preparation of 
                        teachers who are Alaska Native.
                            ``(iii) Programs that will lead to the 
                        certification and licensing of Alaska Native 
                        teachers, principals, and superintendents.
                    ``(C) The development and operation of student 
                enrichment programs, including those in science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics that--
                            ``(i) are designed to prepare Alaska Native 
                        students to excel in such subjects;
                            ``(ii) provide appropriate support services 
                        to the families of such students that are 
                        needed to enable such students to benefit from 
                        the programs; and
                            ``(iii) include activities that recognize 
                        and support the unique cultural and educational 
                        needs of Alaska Native children, and 
                        incorporate appropriately qualified Alaska 
                        Native elders and other tradition bearers.
                    ``(D) Research and data collection activities to 
                determine the educational status and needs of Alaska 
                Native children.
                    ``(E) Other research and evaluation activities 
                related to programs carried out under this part.
                    ``(F) Remedial and enrichment programs to assist 
                Alaska Native students to be college or career ready 
                upon graduation from high school.
                    ``(G) Culturally based education programs designed 
                and provided by an entity with demonstrated experience 
                in--
                            ``(i) providing programs of study, both on 
                        site and in local schools, to share the rich 
                        and diverse cultures of Alaska Native peoples 
                        among youth, elders, teachers, and the larger 
                        community;
                            ``(ii) instructing Alaska Native youth in 
                        leadership, communication, Native culture, 
                        arts, and languages;
                            ``(iii) increasing the high school 
                        graduation rate of Alaska Native students who 
                        are served;
                            ``(iv) providing instruction in Alaska 
                        Native history and ways of living to students 
                        and teachers in the local school district;
                            ``(v) providing intergenerational learning 
                        and internship opportunities to Alaska Native 
                        youth and young adults; and
                            ``(vi) providing cultural immersion 
                        activities aimed at Alaska Native cultural 
                        preservation.
                    ``(H) Statewide on-site exchange programs, for both 
                students and teachers, that work to facilitate cultural 
                relationships between urban and rural Alaskans to build 
                mutual respect and understanding, and foster a 
                statewide sense of common identity through host family, 
                school, and community cross-cultural immersion.
                    ``(I) Education programs for at-risk urban Alaska 
                Native students in kindergarten through grade 12 that 
                work to increase graduation rates among such students 
                and that--
                            ``(i) include culturally-informed 
                        curriculum intended to preserve and promote 
                        Alaska Native culture;
                            ``(ii) partner effectively with the local 
                        school district by providing a school-within-a 
                        school program model;
                            ``(iii) provide high-quality academic 
                        instruction, small classroom sizes, and social-
                        emotional support for students from elementary 
                        school through high school, including 
                        residential support;
                            ``(iv) work with parents to increase 
                        parental involvement in their students' 
                        education;
                            ``(v) work to improve academic proficiency 
                        and increase graduation rates;
                            ``(vi) provide college preparation and 
                        career planning; and
                            ``(vii) incorporate a strong data 
                        collection and continuous evaluation component 
                        at all levels of the program.
                    ``(J) Statewide programs that provide technical 
                assistance and support to schools and communities to 
                engage adults in promoting the academic progress and 
                overall well-being of Alaska Native people through 
                child and youth development, positive youth-adult 
                relationships, improved conditions for learning (school 
                climate, student connection to school and community), 
                and increased connections between schools and families.
                    ``(K) Career preparation activities to enable 
                Alaska Native children and adults to prepare for 
                meaningful employment, including programs providing 
                tech-prep, mentoring, training, and apprenticeship 
                activities.
                    ``(L) Support for the development and operational 
                activities of regional vocational schools in rural 
                areas of Alaska to provide students with necessary 
                resources to prepare for skilled employment 
                opportunities.
                    ``(M) Other activities, consistent with the 
                purposes of this part, to meet the educational needs of 
                Alaska Native children and adults.
                    ``(N) Regional leadership academies that 
                demonstrate effectiveness in building respect, 
                understanding, and fostering a sense of Alaska Native 
                identity to promote their pursuit of and success in 
                completing higher education or career training.
    ``(b) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--Not more than 5 percent 
of funds provided to an award recipient under this part for any fiscal 
year may be used for administrative purposes.
    ``(c) Priorities.--In awarding grants or contracts to carry out 
activities described in this subpart, the Secretary shall give priority 
to applications from Alaska Native Organizations. Such priority shall 
be explicitly delineated in the Secretary's process for evaluating 
applications and applied consistently and transparently to all 
applications from Alaska Native Organizations.
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this part $31,453,135 for each of fiscal 
years 2014 through 2019.

``SEC. 6205. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    ``(a) Application Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--No grant may be made under this part, 
        and no contract may be entered into under this part, unless the 
        Alaska Native organization or entity seeking the grant or 
        contract submits an application to the Secretary in such form, 
        in such manner, and containing such information as the 
        Secretary may determine necessary to carry out the provisions 
        of this part.
            ``(2) Requirement for certain applicants.--An applicant 
        described in section 6204(a)(2) shall, in the application 
        submitted under this paragraph--
                    ``(A) demonstrate that an Alaska Native 
                organization was directly involved in the development 
                of the program for which the application seeks funds 
                and explicitly delineate the meaningful role that the 
                Alaska Native organization will play in the 
                implementation and evaluation of the program for which 
                funding is sought; and
                    ``(B) provide a copy of the Alaska Native 
                organization's governing document.
    ``(b) Consultation Required.--Each applicant for an award under 
this part shall provide for ongoing advice from and consultation with 
representatives of the Alaska Native community.
    ``(c) Local Educational Agency Coordination.--Each applicant for an 
award under this part shall inform each local educational agency 
serving students who would participate in the program to be carried out 
under the grant or contract about the application.
    ``(d) Continuation Awards.--An applicant described in section 
6204(a)(2) that receives funding under this part shall periodically 
demonstrate to the Secretary, during the term of the award, that the 
applicant is continuing to meet the requirements of subsection 
(a)(2)(A).

``SEC. 6206. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Alaska native.--The term `Alaska Native' has the same 
        meaning as the term `Native ' has in section 3(b) of the Alaska 
        Native Claims Settlement Act and their descendants.
            ``(2) Alaska native organization.--The term `Alaska Native 
        organization' means a federally recognized tribe, consortium of 
        tribes, regional nonprofit Native association, and an 
        organization, that--
                    ``(A) has or commits to acquire expertise in the 
                education of Alaska Natives; and
                    ``(B) has Alaska Natives in substantive and 
                policymaking positions within the organization.

                  ``Part C--Native Hawaiian Education

``SEC. 6301. FINDINGS.

    ``Congress finds the following:
            ``(1) Native Hawaiians are a distinct and unique indigenous 
        people with a historical continuity to the original inhabitants 
        of the Hawaiian archipelago, whose society was organized as a 
        nation and internationally recognized as a nation by the United 
        States, and many other countries.
            ``(2) Native Hawaiians have a cultural, historic, and land-
        based link to the indigenous people who exercised sovereignty 
        over the Hawaiian Islands.
            ``(3) The political status of Native Hawaiians is 
        comparable to that of American Indians and Alaska Natives.
            ``(4) The political relationship between the United States 
        and the Native Hawaiian people has been recognized and 
        reaffirmed by the United States, as evidenced by the inclusion 
        of Native Hawaiians in many Federal statutes, including--
                    ``(A) the Native American Programs Act of 1974 (42 
                U.S.C. 2991 et seq.);
                    ``(B) Public Law 95-341 (commonly known as the 
                `American Indian Religious Freedom Act' (42 U.S.C. 
                1996));
                    ``(C) the National Museum of the American Indian 
                Act (20 U.S.C. 80q et seq.);
                    ``(D) the Native American Graves Protection and 
                Repatriation Act (25 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.);
                    ``(E) the National Historic Preservation Act (16 
                U.S.C. 470 et seq.);
                    ``(F) the Native American Languages Act (25 U.S.C. 
                2901 et seq.);
                    ``(G) the American Indian, Alaska Native, and 
                Native Hawaiian Culture and Art Development Act (20 
                U.S.C. 4401 et seq.);
                    ``(H) the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 
                U.S.C. 2801 et seq.); and
                    ``(I) the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 
                3001 et seq.).
            ``(5) Many Native Hawaiian students lag behind other 
        students in terms of--
                    ``(A) school readiness factors;
                    ``(B) scoring below national norms on education 
                achievement tests at all grade levels;
                    ``(C) underrepresentation in the uppermost 
                achievement levels and in gifted and talented programs;
                    ``(D) overrepresentation among students qualifying 
                for special education programs;
                    ``(E) underrepresentation in institutions of higher 
                education and among adults who have completed 4 or more 
                years of college.
            ``(6) The percentage of Native Hawaiian students served by 
        the State of Hawaii Department of Education rose 30 percent 
        from 1980 to 2008, and there are and will continue to be 
        geographically rural, isolated areas with a high Native 
        Hawaiian population density.
            ``(7) The Native Hawaiian people are determined to 
        preserve, develop, and transmit to future generations their 
        ancestral territory and their cultural identity in accordance 
        with their own spiritual and traditional beliefs, customs, 
        practices, language, and social institutions.

``SEC. 6302. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are--
            ``(1) to authorize, develop, implement, assess, and 
        evaluate innovative educational programs, Native Hawaiian 
        language medium programs, Native Hawaiian culture-based 
        education programs, and other education programs to improve the 
        academic achievement of Native Hawaiian students by meeting 
        their unique cultural and language needs in order to help such 
        students meet challenging State student academic achievement 
        standards;
            ``(2) to provide guidance to appropriate Federal, State, 
        and local agencies to more effectively and efficiently focus 
        resources, including resources made available under this part, 
        on the development and implementation of--
                    ``(A) innovative educational programs for Native 
                Hawaiians;
                    ``(B) rigorous and substantive Native Hawaiian 
                language programs; and
                    ``(C) Native Hawaiian culture-based educational 
                programs; and
            ``(3) to create a system by which information from programs 
        funded under this part will be collected, analyzed, evaluated, 
        reported, and used in decisionmaking activities regarding the 
        types of grants awarded under this part.

``SEC. 6303. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION COUNCIL GRANT.

    ``(a) Grant Authorized.--In order to better effectuate the purposes 
of this part through the coordination of educational and related 
services and programs available to Native Hawaiians, including those 
programs that receive funding under this part, the Secretary shall 
award a grant to an education council, as described under subsection 
(b).
    ``(b) Education Council.--
            ``(1) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive the grant 
        under subsection (a), the council shall be an education council 
        (referred to in this section as the `Education Council') that 
        meets the requirements of this subsection.
            ``(2) Composition.--The Education Council shall consist of 
        15 members of whom--
                    ``(A) one shall be the President of the University 
                of Hawaii (or a designee);
                    ``(B) one shall be the Governor of the State of 
                Hawaii (or a designee);
                    ``(C) one shall be the Superintendent of the State 
                of Hawaii Department of Education (or a designee);
                    ``(D) one shall be the chairperson of the Office of 
                Hawaiian Affairs (or a designee);
                    ``(E) one shall be the executive director of 
                Hawaii's Charter School Network (or a designee);
                    ``(F) one shall be the chief executive officer of 
                the Kamehameha Schools (or a designee);
                    ``(G) one shall be the Chief Executive Officer of 
                the Queen Liliuokalani Trust (or a designee);
                    ``(H) one shall be a member, selected by the other 
                members of the Education Council, who represents a 
                private grant-making entity;
                    ``(I) one shall be the Mayor of the County of 
                Hawaii (or a designee);
                    ``(J) one shall be the Mayor of Maui County (or a 
                designee from the Island of Maui);
                    ``(K) one shall be the Mayor of the County of Kauai 
                (or a designee);
                    ``(L) one shall be appointed by the Mayor of Maui 
                County from the Island of either Molokai or Lanai;
                    ``(M) one shall be the Mayor of the City and County 
                of Honolulu (or a designee);
                    ``(N) one shall be the chairperson of the Hawaiian 
                Homes Commission (or a designee); and
                    ``(O) one shall be the chairperson of the Hawaii 
                Workforce Development Council (or a designee 
                representing the private sector).
            ``(3) Requirements.--Any designee serving on the Education 
        Council shall demonstrate, as determined by the individual who 
        appointed such designee with input from the Native Hawaiian 
        community, not less than 5 years of experience as a consumer or 
        provider of Native Hawaiian education or cultural activities, 
        with traditional cultural experience given due consideration.
            ``(4) Limitation.--A member (including a designee), while 
        serving on the Education Council, shall not be a recipient of 
        grant funds that are awarded under this part.
            ``(5) Term of members.--A member who is a designee shall 
        serve for a term of not more than 4 years.
            ``(6) Chair, vice chair.--
                    ``(A) Selection.--The Education Council shall 
                select a Chair and a Vice Chair from among the members 
                of the Education Council.
                    ``(B) Term limits.--The Chair and Vice Chair shall 
                each serve for a 2-year term.
            ``(7) Administrative provisions relating to education 
        council.--The Education Council shall meet at the call of the 
        Chair of the Council, or upon request by a majority of the 
        members of the Education Council, but in any event not less 
        often than every 120 days.
            ``(8) No compensation.--None of the funds made available 
        through the grant may be used to provide compensation to any 
        member of the Education Council or member of a working group 
        established by the Education Council, for functions described 
        in this section.
    ``(c) Use of Funds for Coordination Activities.--The Education 
Council shall use funds made available through the grant to carry out 
each of the following activities:
            ``(1) Providing advice about the coordination, and serving 
        as a clearinghouse for, the educational and related services 
        and programs available to Native Hawaiians, including the 
        programs assisted under this part.
            ``(2) Assessing the extent to which such services and 
        programs meet the needs of Native Hawaiians, and collecting 
        data on the status of Native Hawaiian education.
            ``(3) Providing direction and guidance, through the 
        issuance of reports and recommendations, to appropriate 
        Federal, State, and local agencies in order to focus and 
        improve the use of resources, including resources made 
        available under this part, relating to Native Hawaiian 
        education, and serving, where appropriate, in an advisory 
        capacity.
            ``(4) Awarding grants, if such grants enable the Education 
        Council to carry out the activities described in paragraphs (1) 
        through (3).
            ``(5) Hiring an executive director who shall assist in 
        executing the duties and powers of the Education Council, as 
        described in subsection (d).
    ``(d) Use of Funds for Technical Assistance.--The Education Council 
shall use funds made available through the grant to--
            ``(1) provide technical assistance to Native Hawaiian 
        organizations that are grantees or potential grantees under 
        this part;
            ``(2) obtain from such grantees information and data 
        regarding grants awarded under this part, including information 
        and data about--
                    ``(A) the effectiveness of such grantees in meeting 
                the educational priorities established by the Education 
                Council, as described in paragraph (6)(D), using 
                metrics related to these priorities; and
                    ``(B) the effectiveness of such grantees in 
                carrying out any of the activities described in section 
                6304(c) that are related to the specific goals and 
                purposes of each grantee's grant project, using metrics 
                related to these priorities;
            ``(3) assess and define the educational needs of Native 
        Hawaiians;
            ``(4) assess the programs and services available to address 
        the educational needs of Native Hawaiians;
            ``(5) assess and evaluate the individual and aggregate 
        impact achieved by grantees under this part in improving Native 
        Hawaiian educational performance and meeting the goals of this 
        part, using metrics related to these goals; and
            ``(6) prepare and submit to the Secretary, at the end of 
        each calendar year, an annual report that contains--
                    ``(A) a description of the activities of the 
                Education Council during the calendar year;
                    ``(B) a description of significant barriers to 
                achieving the goals of this part;
                    ``(C) a summary of each community consultation 
                session described in subsection (e); and
                    ``(D) recommendations to establish priorities for 
                funding under this part, based on an assessment of--
                            ``(i) the educational needs of Native 
                        Hawaiians;
                            ``(ii) programs and services available to 
                        address such needs;
                            ``(iii) the effectiveness of programs in 
                        improving the educational performance of Native 
                        Hawaiian students to help such students meet 
                        challenging State student academic achievement 
                        standards; and
                            ``(iv) priorities for funding in specific 
                        geographic communities.
    ``(e) Use of Funds for Community Consultations.--The Education 
Council shall use funds made available though the grant under 
subsection (a) to hold not less than one community consultation each 
year on each of the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Oahu, and 
Kauai, at which--
            ``(1) not less than three members of the Education Council 
        shall be in attendance;
            ``(2) the Education Council shall gather community input 
        regarding--
                    ``(A) current grantees under this part, as of the 
                date of the consultation;
                    ``(B) priorities and needs of Native Hawaiians; and
                    ``(C) other Native Hawaiian education issues; and
            ``(3) the Education Council shall report to the community 
        on the outcomes of the activities supported by grants awarded 
        under this part.
    ``(f) Funding.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use the 
amount described in section 6305(d)(2), to make a payment under the 
grant. Funds made available through the grant shall remain available 
until expended.
    ``(g) Report.--Beginning not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of the Student Success Act, and for each subsequent year, the 
Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Committee on Education and 
the Workforce of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
Indian Affairs and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
Pensions of the Senate, a report that--
            ``(1) summarizes the annual reports of the Education 
        Council;
            ``(2) describes the allocation and use of funds under this 
        part and the information gathered since the first annual report 
        submitted by the Education Council to the Secretary under this 
        section; and
            ``(3) contains recommendations for changes in Federal, 
        State, and local policy to advance the purposes of this part.

``SEC. 6304. GRANT PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) Grants and Contracts.--In order to carry out programs that 
meet the purposes of this part, the Secretary is authorized to award 
grants to, or enter into contracts with--
            ``(1) Native Hawaiian educational organizations;
            ``(2) Native Hawaiian community-based organizations;
            ``(3) public and private nonprofit organizations, agencies, 
        and institutions with experience in developing or operating 
        Native Hawaiian education and workforce development programs or 
        programs of instruction in the Native Hawaiian language;
            ``(4) charter schools; and
            ``(5) consortia of the organizations, agencies, and 
        institutions described in paragraphs (1) through (4).
    ``(b) Priority.--In awarding grants and entering into contracts 
under this part, the Secretary shall give priority to--
            ``(1) programs that meet the educational priority 
        recommendations of the Education Council, as described under 
        section 6303(d)(6)(D);
            ``(2) the repair and renovation of public schools that 
        serve high concentrations of Native Hawaiian students;
            ``(3) programs designed to improve the academic achievement 
        of Native Hawaiian students by meeting their unique cultural 
        and language needs in order to help such students meet 
        challenging State student academic achievement standards, 
        including activities relating to--
                    ``(A) achieving competence in reading, literacy, 
                mathematics, and science for students in preschool 
                through grade 3;
                    ``(B) the educational needs of at-risk children and 
                youth;
                    ``(C) professional development for teachers and 
                administrators;
                    ``(D) the use of Native Hawaiian language and 
                preservation or reclamation of Native Hawaiian culture-
                based educational practices; and
                    ``(E) other programs relating to the activities 
                described in this part; and
            ``(4) programs in which a local educational agency, 
        institution of higher education, or a State educational agency 
        in partnership with a nonprofit entity serving underserved 
        communities within the Native Hawaiian population apply for a 
        grant or contract under this part as part of a partnership or 
        consortium.
    ``(c) Authorized Activities.--Activities provided through programs 
carried out under this part may include--
            ``(1) the development and maintenance of a statewide Native 
        Hawaiian early education and care system to provide a continuum 
        of high-quality early learning services for Native Hawaiian 
        children from the prenatal period through the age of 
        kindergarten entry;
            ``(2) the operation of family-based education centers that 
        provide such services as--
                    ``(A) early care and education programs for Native 
                Hawaiians; and
                    ``(B) research on, and development and assessment 
                of, family-based, early childhood, and preschool 
                programs for Native Hawaiians;
            ``(3) activities that enhance beginning reading and 
        literacy in either the Hawaiian or the English language among 
        Native Hawaiian students in kindergarten through grade 3 and 
        assistance in addressing the distinct features of combined 
        English and Hawaiian literacy for Hawaiian speakers in grades 5 
        and 6;
            ``(4) activities to meet the special needs of Native 
        Hawaiian students with disabilities, including--
                    ``(A) the identification of such students and their 
                needs;
                    ``(B) the provision of support services to the 
                families of such students; and
                    ``(C) other activities consistent with the 
                requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                Education Act;
            ``(5) activities that address the special needs of Native 
        Hawaiian students who are gifted and talented, including--
                    ``(A) educational, psychological, and developmental 
                activities designed to assist in the educational 
                progress of such students; and
                    ``(B) activities that involve the parents of such 
                students in a manner designed to assist in the 
                educational progress of such students;
            ``(6) the development of academic and vocational curricula 
        to address the needs of Native Hawaiian students, including 
        curricula materials in the Hawaiian language and mathematics 
        and science curricula that incorporate Native Hawaiian 
        tradition and culture;
            ``(7) professional development activities for educators, 
        including--
                    ``(A) the development of programs to prepare 
                prospective teachers to address the unique needs of 
                Native Hawaiian students within the context of Native 
                Hawaiian culture, language, and traditions;
                    ``(B) in-service programs to improve the ability of 
                teachers who teach in schools with high concentrations 
                of Native Hawaiian students to meet the unique needs of 
                such students; and
                    ``(C) the recruitment and preparation of Native 
                Hawaiians, and other individuals who live in 
                communities with a high concentration of Native 
                Hawaiians, to become teachers;
            ``(8) the operation of community-based learning centers 
        that address the needs of Native Hawaiian students, parents, 
        families, and communities through the coordination of public 
        and private programs and services, including--
                    ``(A) early education programs;
                    ``(B) before, after, and Summer school programs, 
                expanded learning time, or weekend academies;
                    ``(C) career and technical education programs; and
                    ``(D) programs that recognize and support the 
                unique cultural and educational needs of Native 
                Hawaiian children, and incorporate appropriately 
                qualified Native Hawaiian elders and seniors;
            ``(9) activities, including program co-location, that 
        ensure Native Hawaiian students graduate college and career 
        ready including--
                    ``(A) family literacy services;
                    ``(B) counseling, guidance, and support services 
                for students; and
                    ``(C) professional development activities designed 
                to help educators improve the college and career 
                readiness of Native Hawaiian students;
            ``(10) research and data collection activities to determine 
        the educational status and needs of Native Hawaiian children 
        and adults;
            ``(11) other research and evaluation activities related to 
        programs carried out under this part; and
            ``(12) other activities, consistent with the purposes of 
        this part, to meet the educational needs of Native Hawaiian 
        children and adults.
    ``(d) Additional Activities.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of this part, funds made available to carry out this section as of the 
day before the date of enactment of the Student Success Act shall 
remain available until expended. The Secretary shall use such funds to 
support the following:
            ``(1) The repair and renovation of public schools that 
        serve high concentrations of Native Hawaiian students.
            ``(2) The perpetuation of, and expansion of access to, 
        Hawaiian culture and history through digital archives.
            ``(3) Informal education programs that connect traditional 
        Hawaiian knowledge, science, astronomy, and the environment 
        through State museums or learning centers.
            ``(4) Public charter schools serving high concentrations of 
        Native Hawaiian students.
    ``(e) Administrative Costs.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        more than 5 percent of funds provided to a recipient of a grant 
        or contract under this section for any fiscal year may be used 
        for administrative purposes.
            ``(2) Exception.--The Secretary may waive the requirement 
        of paragraph (1) for a nonprofit entity that receives funding 
        under this section and allow not more than 10 percent of funds 
        provided to such nonprofit entity under this section for any 
        fiscal year to be used for administrative purposes.

``SEC. 6305. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    ``(a) Application Required.--No grant may be made under this part, 
and no contract may be entered into under this part, unless the entity 
seeking the grant or contract submits an application to the Secretary 
at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the 
Secretary may determine to be necessary to carry out the provisions of 
this part.
    ``(b) Direct Grant Applications.--The Secretary shall provide a 
copy of all direct grant applications to the Education Council.
    ``(c) Supplement Not Supplant.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        funds made available under this part shall be used to 
        supplement, and not supplant, any State or local funds used to 
        achieve the purposes of this part.
            ``(2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any 
        nonprofit entity or Native Hawaiian community-based 
        organization that receives a grant or other funds under this 
        part.
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
        to carry out this part $32,397,259 for each of fiscal years 
        2014 through 2019.
            ``(2) Reservation.--Of the funds appropriated under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall reserve, for each fiscal year 
        after the date of enactment of the Student Success Act not less 
        than $500,000 for the grant to the Education Council under 
        section 6303.
            ``(3) Availability.--Funds appropriated under this 
        subsection shall remain available until expended.''.

                     TITLE VII--HOMELESS EDUCATION

SEC. 701. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

    Section 721 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 
U.S.C. 11431) is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) In any State where compulsory residency requirements 
        or other requirements, laws, regulations, practices, or 
        policies may act as a barrier to the identification, 
        enrollment, attendance, or success in school of homeless 
        children and youths, the State and local educational agencies 
        will review and undertake steps to revise such laws, 
        regulations, practices, or policies to ensure that homeless 
        children and youths are afforded the same free, appropriate 
        public education as is provided to other children and 
        youths.'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``alone''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``challenging State 
        student academic achievement'' and inserting ``State 
        academic''.

SEC. 702. GRANTS FOR STATE AND LOCAL ACTIVITIES FOR THE EDUCATION OF 
              HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTHS.

    Section 722 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 11432) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``(g).'' and inserting 
        ``(h).'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b);
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by adding ``or'' at the 
                        end;
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``; or'' 
                        at the end and inserting a period; and
                            (iii) by striking clause (iii); and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3);
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Grants'' and inserting ``Grant funds from a 
                grant made to a State'';
                    (B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) To provide services and activities to improve the 
        identification of homeless children (including preschool-aged 
        homeless children and youths) that enable such children and 
        youths to enroll in, attend, and succeed in school, or, if 
        appropriate, in preschool programs.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting before the 
                period at the end the following: ``that can 
                sufficiently carry out the duties described in this 
                subtitle'';
                    (D) by amending paragraph (5) to read as follows:
            ``(5) To develop and implement professional development 
        programs for liaisons designated under subsection (g)(1)(J)(ii) 
        and other local educational agency personnel--
                    ``(A) to improve their identification of homeless 
                children and youths; and
                    ``(B) to heighten their awareness of, and capacity 
                to respond to, specific needs in the education of 
                homeless children and youths.''.
            (5) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``sums'' and inserting 
                        ``grant funds''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``a State under 
                        subsection (a) to'' after ``each year to'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``funds made 
                available for State use under this subtitle'' and 
                inserting ``the grant funds remaining after the State 
                educational agency distributes subgrants under 
                paragraph (1)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C)(iv)(II), by 
                        striking ``sections 1111 and 1116'' and 
                        inserting ``section 1111'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (F)--
                                    (I) in clause (i)--
                                            (aa) in the matter 
                                        preceding subclause (I), by 
                                        striking ``a report'' and 
                                        inserting ``an annual report'';
                                            (bb) by striking ``and'' at 
                                        the end of subclause (II);
                                            (cc) by striking the period 
                                        at the end of subclause (III) 
                                        and inserting ``; and''; and
                                            (dd) by adding at the end 
                                        the following:
                                    ``(IV) the progress the separate 
                                schools are making in helping all 
                                students meet the State academic 
                                standards.''; and
                                    (II) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``Not later than 2 years after the date 
                                of enactment of the McKinney-Vento 
                                Homeless Education Assistance 
                                Improvements Act of 2001, the'' and 
                                inserting ``The'';
            (6) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
    ``(f) Functions of the Office of Coordinator.--The Coordinator for 
Education of Homeless Children and Youths established in each State 
shall--
            ``(1) gather and make publically available reliable, valid, 
        and comprehensive information on--
                    ``(A) the number of homeless children and youths 
                identified in the State, posted annually on the State 
                educational agency's website;
                    ``(B) the nature and extent of the problems 
                homeless children and youths have in gaining access to 
                public preschool programs and to public elementary 
                schools and secondary schools;
                    ``(C) the difficulties in identifying the special 
                needs and barriers to the participation and achievement 
                of such children and youths;
                    ``(D) any progress made by the State educational 
                agency and local educational agencies in the State in 
                addressing such problems and difficulties; and
                    ``(E) the success of the programs under this 
                subtitle in identifying homeless children and youths 
                and allowing such children and youths to enroll in, 
                attend, and succeed in, school;
            ``(2) develop and carry out the State plan described in 
        subsection (g);
            ``(3) collect data for and transmit to the Secretary, at 
        such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require, a 
        report containing information necessary to assess the 
        educational needs of homeless children and youths within the 
        State, including data necessary for the Secretary to fulfill 
        the responsibilities under section 724(h);
            ``(4) in order to improve the provision of comprehensive 
        education and related support services to homeless children and 
        youths and their families, coordinate and collaborate with--
                    ``(A) educators, including teachers, special 
                education personnel, administrators, and child 
                development and preschool program personnel;
                    ``(B) providers of services to homeless children 
                and youths and their families, including services of 
                public and private child welfare and social services 
                agencies, law enforcement agencies, juvenile and family 
                courts, agencies providing mental health services, 
                domestic violence agencies, child care providers, 
                runaway and homeless youth centers, and providers of 
                services and programs funded under the Runaway and 
                Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5701 et seq.);
                    ``(C) providers of emergency, transitional, and 
                permanent housing to homeless children and youths, and 
                their families, including public housing agencies, 
                shelter operators, operators of transitional housing 
                facilities, and providers of transitional living 
                programs for homeless youths;
                    ``(D) local educational agency liaisons designated 
                under subsection (g)(1)(J)(ii) for homeless children 
                and youths; and
                    ``(E) community organizations and groups 
                representing homeless children and youths and their 
                families;
            ``(5) provide technical assistance to local educational 
        agencies, in coordination with local educational agency 
        liaisons designated under subsection (g)(1)(J)(ii), to ensure 
        that local educational agencies comply with the requirements of 
        subsection (e)(3), paragraphs (3) through (7) of subsection 
        (g), and subsection (h);
            ``(6) provide professional development opportunities for 
        local educational agency personnel and the homeless liaison 
        designated under subsection (g)(1)(J)(ii) to assist such 
        personnel in meeting the needs of homeless children and youths; 
        and
            ``(7) respond to inquiries from parents and guardians of 
        homeless children and youths and unaccompanied youths to ensure 
        that each child or youth who is the subject of such an inquiry 
        receives the full protections and services provided by this 
        subtitle.'';
            (7) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
    ``(g) State Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to be eligible to receive a 
        grant under this section, each State educational agency shall 
        submit to the Secretary a plan to provide for the education of 
        homeless children and youths within the State that includes the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A description of how such children and youths 
                are (or will be) given the opportunity to meet the same 
                State academic standards that all students are expected 
                to meet.
                    ``(B) A description of the procedures the State 
                educational agency will use to identify such children 
                and youths in the State and to assess their needs.
                    ``(C) A description of procedures for the prompt 
                resolution of disputes regarding the educational 
                placement of homeless children and youths.
                    ``(D) A description of programs for school 
                personnel (including liaisons, school leaders, 
                attendance officers, teachers, enrollment personnel, 
                and specialized instructional support personnel) to 
                heighten the awareness of such personnel of the 
                specific needs of homeless adolescents, including 
                runaway and homeless youths.
                    ``(E) A description of procedures that ensure that 
                homeless children and youths who meet the relevant 
                eligibility criteria are able to participate in 
                Federal, State, or local nutrition programs.
                    ``(F) A description of procedures that ensure 
                that--
                            ``(i) homeless children have equal access 
                        to public preschool programs, administered by 
                        the State educational agency or local 
                        educational agency, as provided to other 
                        children in the State;
                            ``(ii) homeless youths and youths separated 
                        from public schools are identified and accorded 
                        equal access to appropriate secondary education 
                        and support services; and
                            ``(iii) homeless children and youth who 
                        meet the relevant eligibility criteria are able 
                        to participate in Federal, State, or local 
                        education programs.
                    ``(G) Strategies to address problems identified in 
                the report provided to the Secretary under subsection 
                (f)(3).
                    ``(H) Strategies to address other problems with 
                respect to the education of homeless children and 
                youths, including problems resulting from enrollment 
                delays that are caused by--
                            ``(i) immunization and other health records 
                        requirements;
                            ``(ii) residency requirements;
                            ``(iii) lack of birth certificates, school 
                        records, or other documentation;
                            ``(iv) guardianship issues; or
                            ``(v) uniform or dress code requirements.
                    ``(I) A demonstration that the State educational 
                agency and local educational agencies in the State have 
                developed, and shall review and revise, policies to 
                remove barriers to the identification, enrollment, and 
                retention of homeless children and youths in schools in 
                the State.
                    ``(J) Assurances that the following will be carried 
                out:
                            ``(i) The State educational agency and 
                        local educational agencies in the State will 
                        adopt policies and practices to ensure that 
                        homeless children and youths are not 
                        stigmatized or segregated on the basis of their 
                        status as homeless.
                            ``(ii) Local educational agencies will 
                        designate an appropriate staff person, who may 
                        also be a coordinator for other Federal 
                        programs, as a local educational agency liaison 
                        for homeless children and youths, to carry out 
                        the duties described in paragraph (6)(A).
                            ``(iii) The State and its local educational 
                        agencies will adopt policies and practices to 
                        ensure that transportation is provided, at the 
                        request of the parent or guardian (or in the 
                        case of an unaccompanied youth, the liaison), 
                        to and from the school of origin, as determined 
                        in paragraph (3)(A), in accordance with the 
                        following, as applicable:
                                    ``(I) If the child or youth 
                                continues to live in the area served by 
                                the local educational agency in which 
                                the school of origin is located, the 
                                child's or youth's transportation to 
                                and from the school of origin shall be 
                                provided or arranged by the local 
                                educational agency in which the school 
                                of origin is located.
                                    ``(II) If the child's or youth's 
                                living arrangements in the area served 
                                by the local educational agency of 
                                origin terminate and the child or 
                                youth, though continuing his or her 
                                education in the school of origin, 
                                begins living in an area served by 
                                another local educational agency, the 
                                local educational agency of origin and 
                                the local educational agency in which 
                                the child or youth is living shall 
                                agree upon a method to apportion the 
                                responsibility and costs for providing 
                                the child with transportation to and 
                                from the school of origin. If the local 
                                educational agencies are unable to 
                                agree upon such method, the 
                                responsibility and costs for 
                                transportation shall be shared equally.
            ``(2) Compliance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each plan adopted under this 
                subsection shall also describe how the State will 
                ensure that local educational agencies in the State 
                will comply with the requirements of paragraphs (3) 
                through (7).
                    ``(B) Coordination.--Such plan shall indicate what 
                technical assistance the State will furnish to local 
                educational agencies and how compliance efforts will be 
                coordinated with the local educational agency liaisons 
                designated under paragraph (1)(J)(ii).
            ``(3) Local educational agency requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The local educational agency 
                serving each child or youth to be assisted under this 
                subtitle shall, according to the child's or youth's 
                best interest--
                            ``(i) continue the child's or youth's 
                        education in the school of origin for the 
                        duration of homelessness--
                                    ``(I) in any case in which a family 
                                becomes homeless between academic years 
                                or during an academic year; or
                                    ``(II) for the remainder of the 
                                academic year, if the child or youth 
                                becomes permanently housed during an 
                                academic year; or
                            ``(ii) enroll the child or youth in any 
                        public school that nonhomeless students who 
                        live in the attendance area in which the child 
                        or youth is actually living are eligible to 
                        attend.
                    ``(B) School stability.--In determining the best 
                interest of the child or youth under subparagraph (A), 
                the local educational agency shall--
                            ``(i) presume that keeping the child or 
                        youth in the school of origin is in the child 
                        or youth's best interest, except when doing so 
                        is contrary to the wishes of the child's or 
                        youth's parent or guardian, or the 
                        unaccompanied youth;
                            ``(ii) consider student-centered factors 
                        related to the child's or youth's best 
                        interest, including factors related to the 
                        impact of mobility on achievement, education, 
                        health, and safety of homeless children and 
                        youth, giving priority to the wishes of the 
                        homeless child's or youth's parent of guardian 
                        or the unaccompanied youth involved;
                            ``(iii) if, after conducting the best 
                        interest determination based on consideration 
                        of the presumption in clause (i) and the 
                        student-centered factors in clause (ii), the 
                        local educational agency determines that it is 
                        not in the child's or youth's best interest to 
                        attend the school of origin or the school 
                        requested by the parent, guardian, or 
                        unaccompanied youth, provide the child's or 
                        youth's parent or guardian or the unaccompanied 
                        youth with a written explanation of the reasons 
                        for its determination, in a manner and form 
                        understandable to such parent, guardian, or 
                        unaccompanied youth, including information 
                        regarding the right to appeal under 
                        subparagraph (E); and
                            ``(iv) in the case of an unaccompanied 
                        youth, ensure that the homeless liaison 
                        designated under paragraph (1)(J)(ii) assists 
                        in placement or enrollment decisions under this 
                        subparagraph, gives priority to the views of 
                        such unaccompanied youth, and provides notice 
                        to such youth of the right to appeal under 
                        subparagraph (E).
                    ``(C) Enrollment.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The school selected in 
                        accordance with this paragraph shall 
                        immediately enroll the homeless child or youth, 
                        even if the child or youth--
                                    ``(I) is unable to produce records 
                                normally required for enrollment, such 
                                as previous academic records, records 
                                of immunization and other required 
                                health records, proof of residency, or 
                                other documentation; or
                                    ``(II) has missed application or 
                                enrollment deadlines during any period 
                                of homelessness.
                            ``(ii) Relevant academic records.--The 
                        enrolling school shall immediately contact the 
                        school last attended by the child or youth to 
                        obtain relevant academic and other records.
                            ``(iii) Relevant health records.--If the 
                        child or youth needs to obtain immunizations or 
                        other required health records, the enrolling 
                        school shall immediately refer the parent or 
                        guardian of the child or youth, or the 
                        unaccompanied child or youth, to the local 
                        educational agency liaison designated under 
                        paragraph (1)(J)(ii), who shall assist in 
                        obtaining necessary immunizations or 
                        screenings, or immunization or other required 
                        health records, in accordance with subparagraph 
                        (D).
                    ``(D) Records.--Any record ordinarily kept by the 
                school, including immunization or other required health 
                records, academic records, birth certificates, 
                guardianship records, and evaluations for special 
                services or programs, regarding each homeless child or 
                youth shall be maintained--
                            ``(i) so that the records involved are 
                        available, in a timely fashion, when a child or 
                        youth enters a new school or school district; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) in a manner consistent with section 
                        444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 
                        U.S.C. 1232g).
                    ``(E) Enrollment disputes.--If a dispute arises 
                over school selection or enrollment in a school--
                            ``(i) the child or youth shall be 
                        immediately enrolled in the school in which 
                        enrollment is sought, pending final resolution 
                        of the dispute, including all available 
                        appeals;
                            ``(ii) the parent, guardian, or 
                        unaccompanied youth shall be provided with a 
                        written explanation of any decisions made by 
                        the school, the local educational agency, or 
                        the State educational agency involved, 
                        including the rights of the parent, guardian, 
                        or youth to appeal such decisions;
                            ``(iii) the parent, guardian, or 
                        unaccompanied youth shall be referred to the 
                        local educational agency liaison designated 
                        under paragraph (1)(J)(ii), who shall carry out 
                        the dispute resolution process as described in 
                        paragraph (1)(C) as expeditiously as possible 
                        after receiving notice of the dispute; and
                            ``(iv) in the case of an unaccompanied 
                        youth, the liaison shall ensure that the youth 
                        is immediately enrolled in school in which the 
                        youth seeks enrollment pending resolution of 
                        such dispute.
                    ``(F) Placement choice.--The choice regarding 
                placement shall be made regardless of whether the child 
                or youth lives with the homeless parents or has been 
                temporarily placed elsewhere.
                    ``(G) School of origin defined.--
                            ``(i) In general.--In this paragraph, the 
                        term `school of origin' means the school that a 
                        child or youth attended when permanently housed 
                        or the school in which the child or youth was 
                        last enrolled.
                            ``(ii) Receiving school.--When the child or 
                        youth completes the final grade level served by 
                        the school of origin, as described in clause 
                        (i), the term ``school of origin'' shall 
                        include the designated receiving school at the 
                        next grade level for all feeder schools.
                    ``(H) Contact information.--Nothing in this 
                subtitle shall prohibit a local educational agency from 
                requiring a parent or guardian of a homeless child to 
                submit contact information.
                    ``(I) Privacy.--Information about a homeless 
                child's or youth's living situation shall be treated as 
                a student education record under section 444 of the 
                General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g) and 
                shall not be released to housing providers, employers, 
                law enforcement personnel, or other persons or agencies 
                not authorized to have such information under section 
                99.31 of title 34, Code of Federal Regulations.
                    ``(J) Academic achievement.--The school selected in 
                accordance with this paragraph shall ensure that 
                homeless children and youth have opportunities to meet 
                the same State academic standards to which other 
                students are held.
            ``(4) Comparable services.--Each homeless child or youth to 
        be assisted under this subtitle shall be provided services 
        comparable to services offered to other students in the school 
        selected under paragraph (3), including the following:
                    ``(A) Transportation services.
                    ``(B) Educational services for which the child or 
                youth meets the eligibility criteria, such as services 
                provided under title I of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) or 
                similar State or local programs, educational programs 
                for children with disabilities, and educational 
                programs for English learners.
                    ``(C) Programs in career and technical education.
                    ``(D) Programs for gifted and talented students.
                    ``(E) School nutrition programs.
            ``(5) Coordination.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each local educational agency 
                serving homeless children and youths that receives 
                assistance under this subtitle shall coordinate--
                            ``(i) the provision of services under this 
                        subtitle with local social services agencies 
                        and other agencies or entities providing 
                        services to homeless children and youths and 
                        their families, including services and programs 
                        funded under the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 5701 et seq.); and
                            ``(ii) transportation, transfer of school 
                        records, and other interdistrict activities, 
                        with other local educational agencies.
                    ``(B) Housing assistance.--If applicable, each 
                State educational agency and local educational agency 
                that receives assistance under this subtitle shall 
                coordinate with State and local housing agencies 
                responsible for developing the comprehensive housing 
                affordability strategy described in section 105 of the 
                Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 
                U.S.C. 12705) to minimize educational disruption for 
                children and youths who become homeless.
                    ``(C) Coordination purpose.--The coordination 
                required under subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall be 
                designed to--
                            ``(i) ensure that all homeless children and 
                        youths are promptly identified;
                            ``(ii) ensure that homeless children and 
                        youths have access to, and are in reasonable 
                        proximity to, available education and related 
                        support services; and
                            ``(iii) raise the awareness of school 
                        personnel and service providers of the effects 
                        of short-term stays in a shelter and other 
                        challenges associated with homelessness.
                    ``(D) Homeless children and youths with 
                disabilities.--For children and youth who are to be 
                assisted both under this subtitle, and under the 
                Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                1400 et seq.) or section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act 
                of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 794), each local educational agency 
                shall coordinate the provision of services under this 
                subtitle with the provision of programs for children 
                with disabilities served by that local educational 
                agency and other involved local educational agencies.
            ``(6) Local educational agency liaison.--
                    ``(A) Duties.--Each local educational agency 
                liaison for homeless children and youths, designated 
                under paragraph (1)(J)(ii), shall ensure that--
                            ``(i) homeless children and youths are 
                        identified by school personnel through outreach 
                        and coordination activities with other entities 
                        and agencies;
                            ``(ii) homeless children and youths are 
                        enrolled in, and have a full and equal 
                        opportunity to succeed in, schools of that 
                        local educational agency;
                            ``(iii) homeless families, children, and 
                        youths have access to and receive educational 
                        services for which such families, children, and 
                        youths are eligible, including services through 
                        Head Start, Early Head Start, early 
                        intervention, and preschool programs 
                        administered by the local educational agency;
                            ``(iv) homeless families, children, and 
                        youths receive referrals to health care 
                        services, dental services, mental health and 
                        substances abuse services, housing services, 
                        and other appropriate services;
                            ``(v) the parents or guardians of homeless 
                        children and youths are informed of the 
                        educational and related opportunities available 
                        to their children and are provided with 
                        meaningful opportunities to participate in the 
                        education of their children;
                            ``(vi) public notice of the educational 
                        rights of homeless children and youths is 
                        disseminated in locations frequented by parents 
                        or guardians of such children and youths, and 
                        unaccompanied youths, including schools, 
                        shelters, public libraries, and soup kitchens 
                        in a manner and form understandable to the 
                        parents and guardians of homeless children and 
                        youths, and unaccompanied youths;
                            ``(vii) enrollment disputes are mediated in 
                        accordance with paragraph (3)(E);
                            ``(viii) the parent or guardian of a 
                        homeless child or youth, and any unaccompanied 
                        youth, is fully informed of all transportation 
                        services, including transportation to the 
                        school of origin, as described in paragraph 
                        (1)(J)(iii), and is assisted in accessing 
                        transportation to the school that is selected 
                        under paragraph (3)(A);
                            ``(ix) school personnel providing services 
                        under this subtitle receive professional 
                        development and other support; and
                            ``(x) unaccompanied youths--
                                    ``(I) are enrolled in school;
                                    ``(II) have opportunities to meet 
                                the same State academic standards to 
                                which other students are held, 
                                including through implementation of the 
                                policies and practices required by 
                                paragraph (1)(F)(ii); and
                                    ``(III) are informed of their 
                                status as independent students under 
                                section 480 of the Higher Education Act 
                                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087vv) and receive 
                                verification of such status for 
                                purposes of the Free Application for 
                                Federal Student Aid described in 
                                section 483 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 
                                1090).
                    ``(B) Notice.--State coordinators established under 
                subsection (d)(3) and local educational agencies shall 
                inform school personnel, service providers, advocates 
                working with homeless families, parents and guardians 
                of homeless children and youths, and homeless children 
                and youths of the duties of the local educational 
                agency liaisons, including publishing an annually 
                updated list of the liaisons on the State educational 
                agency's website.
                    ``(C) Local and state coordination.--Local 
                educational agency liaisons for homeless children and 
                youths shall, as a part of their duties, coordinate and 
                collaborate with State coordinators and community and 
                school personnel responsible for the provision of 
                education and related services to homeless children and 
                youths. Such coordination shall include collecting and 
                providing to the State Coordinator the reliable, valid, 
                and comprehensive data needed to meet the requirements 
                of paragraphs (1) and (3) of subsection (f).
            ``(7) Review and revisions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State educational agency 
                and local educational agency that receives assistance 
                under this subtitle shall review and revise any 
                policies that may act as barriers to the enrollment of 
                homeless children and youths in schools that are 
                selected under paragraph (3).
                    ``(B) Consideration.--In reviewing and revising 
                such policies, consideration shall be given to issues 
                concerning transportation, immunization, residency, 
                birth certificates, school records and other 
                documentation, and guardianship.
                    ``(C) Special attention.--Special attention shall 
                be given to ensuring the enrollment and attendance of 
                homeless children and youths who are not currently 
                attending school.'';
            (8) in subsection (h)(1)(A), by striking ``fiscal year 
        2009,'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2014 through 2019,''; and
            (9) in subsection (h)(4), by striking ``fiscal year 2009'' 
        and inserting ``fiscal years 2014 through 2019''.

SEC. 703. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY SUBGRANTS FOR THE EDUCATION OF 
              HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTHS.

    Section 723 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 11433) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``facilitating 
                the enrollment,'' and inserting ``facilitating the 
                identification, enrollment,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                            (i) by adding ``and'' at the end of clause 
                        (i);
                            (ii) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                        period at the end of clause (ii); and
                            (iii) by striking clause (iii); and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Duration of grants.--Subgrants awarded under this 
        section shall be for terms of not to exceed 3 years.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3) and redesignating 
                paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (3) and (4), 
                respectively; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) An assurance that the local educational agency will 
        collect and promptly provide data requested by the State 
        Coordinator pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (3) of section 
        722(f).
            ``(6) An assurance that the local educational agency has 
        removed barriers to complying with the requirements of section 
        722(g)(1)(I).'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``726'' and 
                inserting ``722(a)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                        ``identification,'' before ``enrollment'';
                            (ii) by amending subparagraph (B) to read 
                        as follows:
                    ``(B) The extent to which the application reflects 
                coordination with other local and State agencies that 
                serve homeless children and youths.''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                        ``(as of the date of submission of the 
                        application)'' after ``current practice'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by amending subparagraph (C) to read as 
                        follows:
                    ``(C) The extent to which the applicant will 
                promote meaningful involvement of parents or guardians 
                of homeless children or youths in the education of 
                their children.'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``within'' and inserting ``into'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (G)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Such'' and 
                                inserting ``The extent to which the 
                                applicant's program meets such''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``case management 
                                or related'';
                            (iv) by redesignating subparagraph (G) as 
                        subparagraph (I) and inserting after 
                        subparagraph (F) the following:
                    ``(G) The extent to which the local educational 
                agency will use the subgrant to leverage resources, 
                including by maximizing nonsubgrant funding for the 
                position of the liaison described in section 
                722(g)(1)(J)(ii) and the provision of transportation.
                    ``(H) How the local educational agency uses funds 
                to serve homeless children and youths under section 
                1113(c)(3) of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
                Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6313(c)(3)).''; and
                            (v) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(J) An assurance that the applicant will meet the 
                requirements of section 722(g)(3).''; and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (4).
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``challenging State 
                        academic content standards'' and inserting 
                        ``State academic standards''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and challenging State 
                        student academic achievement standards'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``students with limited 
                        English proficiency,'' and inserting ``English 
                        learners,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``vocational'' and 
                        inserting ``career'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``pupil 
                services'' and inserting ``specialized instructional 
                support'';
                    (D) in paragraph (7), by striking ``, and 
                unaccompanied youths,'' and inserting ``, particularly 
                homeless children and youths who are not enrolled in 
                school,'';
                    (E) in paragraph (9) by striking ``medical'' and 
                inserting ``other required health'';
                    (F) in paragraph (10), by inserting before the 
                period at the end ``, and other activities designed to 
                increase the meaningful involvement of parents or 
                guardians of homeless children or youths in the 
                education of their children'';
                    (G) in paragraph (12), by striking ``pupil'' and 
                inserting ``specialized instructional support''; and
                    (H) in paragraph (13), by inserting before the 
                period at the end ``and parental mental health or 
                substance abuse problems''.

SEC. 704. SECRETARIAL RESPONSIBILITIES.

    Section 724 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 11434) is amended--
            (1) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
    ``(c) Notice.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall, before the next 
        school year that begins after the date of the enactment of the 
        Student Success Act, update and disseminate nationwide the 
        public notice described in this subsection (as in effect prior 
        to such date) of the educational rights of homeless children 
        and youths.
            ``(2) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall disseminate the 
        notice nationally to all Federal agencies, program grantees, 
        and grant recipients serving homeless families, children, and 
        youths.'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``and dissemination'' 
        and inserting ``, dissemination, and technical assistance'';
            (3) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking ``applications for grants under 
                this subtitle'' and inserting ``plans for the use of 
                grant funds under section 722'';
                    (B) by striking ``60-day'' and inserting ``120-
                day''; and
                    (C) by striking ``120-day'' and inserting ``180-
                day'';
            (4) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following: 
        ``The Secretary shall provide support and technical assistance 
        to State educational agencies in areas in which barriers to a 
        free appropriate public education persist.'';
            (5) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:
    ``(g) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall develop, issue, and publish 
in the Federal Register, not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of the Student Success Act, strategies by which a State--
            ``(1) may assist local educational agencies to implement 
        the provisions amended by the Act; and
            ``(2) can review and revise State policies and procedures 
        that may present barriers to the identification, enrollment, 
        attendance, and success of homeless children and youths in 
        school.'';
            (6) in subsection (h)(1)(A), by inserting ``in all areas 
        served by local educational agencies'' before the semicolon at 
        the end; and
            (7) in subsection (i), by striking ``McKinney-Vento 
        Homeless Education Assistance Improvements Act of 2001'' and 
        inserting ``Student Success Act''.

SEC. 705. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 725 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 11434a) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(B)(iv), by striking ``1309'' and 
        inserting ``1139''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``9101'' and inserting 
        ``5101''.

SEC. 706. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 726 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 11435) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 726. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``For the purpose of carrying out this subtitle, there are 
authorized to be appropriated $61,771,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 
through 2019.''.

                  TITLE VIII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 801. FINDINGS; SENSE OF THE CONGRESS.

    (a) Findings.--The Congress finds as follows:
            (1) To avoid negative attention and litigation, some local 
        educational agencies have entered into agreements with 
        employees who are suspected of abusing or are known to have 
        abused students.
            (2) Instead of reporting sexual misconduct with minors to 
        the proper authorities such as the police or child welfare 
        services, under such agreements the local educational agencies, 
        schools, and employees keep the information private and 
        facilitate the employee's transfer to another local educational 
        agency.
    (b) Sense of the Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) confidentiality agreements between local educational 
        agencies or schools and suspected child sex abusers should be 
        prohibited;
            (2) the practice of employee transfers after suspected or 
        proven sexual misconduct should be stopped, and States should 
        require local educational agencies and schools to provide law 
        enforcement with all information regarding sexual conduct 
        between an employee and a minor; and
            (3) Congress should help protect children and help stop 
        this unacceptable practice in our schools.

            Passed the House of Representatives July 19, 2013.

            Attest:

                                                 KAREN L. HAAS,

                                                                 Clerk.