Text: H.R.850 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[H.R. 850 Referred in Senate (RFS)]

113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 850


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             August 1, 2013

Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, 
                           and Urban Affairs

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
To impose additional human rights and economic and financial sanctions 
             with respect to Iran, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE AND TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Nuclear Iran 
Prevention Act of 2013''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings and statement of policy.
             TITLE I--HUMAN RIGHTS AND TERRORISM SANCTIONS

Sec. 101. Mandatory sanctions with respect to financial institutions 
                            that engage in certain transactions on 
                            behalf of persons involved in human rights 
                            abuses or that export sensitive technology 
                            to Iran.
Sec. 102. Prevention of diversion of certain goods, services and 
                            technologies to Iran.
Sec. 103. Designation of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps as foreign 
                            terrorist organization.
Sec. 104. Imposition of sanctions on certain persons responsible for or 
                            complicit in human rights abuses, engaging 
                            in censorship, or engaging in the diversion 
                            of goods intended for the people of Iran.
Sec. 105. Sense of Congress on elections in Iran.
Sec. 106. Sense of Congress on designation of a Special Coordinator for 
                            advancing human rights and political 
                            participation for women in Iran.
               TITLE II--ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL SANCTIONS

          Subtitle A--Amendments to Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

Sec. 201. Transfer to Iran of goods, services, or technology that would 
                            materially contribute to Iran's ability to 
                            mine or mill uranium.
Sec. 202. Repeal of waiver of sanctions relating to development of 
                            weapons of mass destruction or other 
                            military capabilities.
Subtitle B--Amendments to Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
 and Divestment Act of 2010 and Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human 
                           Rights Act of 2012

Sec. 211. Modifications to prohibition on procurement contracts with 
                            persons that export sensitive technology to 
                            Iran.
Sec. 212. Authority of State and local governments to avoid exposure to 
                            sanctioned persons and sectors.
Sec. 213. Sense of Congress regarding the European Central Bank.
Sec. 214. Imposition of sanctions with respect to certain transactions 
                            in foreign currencies.
Sec. 215. Sanctions with respect to certain transactions with Iran.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 221. Imposition of sanctions with respect to the Central Bank of 
                            Iran and other Iranian financial 
                            institutions.
Sec. 222. Imposition of sanctions with respect to ports, special 
                            economic zones, free economic zones, and 
                            strategic sectors of Iran.
Sec. 223. Report on determinations not to impose sanctions on persons 
                            who allegedly sell, supply, or transfer 
                            precious metals to or from Iran.
Sec. 224. Imposition of sanctions with respect to foreign financial 
                            institutions that facilitate financial 
                            transactions on behalf of persons owned or 
                            controlled by specially designated 
                            nationals.
Sec. 225. Repeal of exemptions under sanctions provisions of National 
                            Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                            2013.
Sec. 226. Termination of government contracts with persons who sell 
                            goods, services, or technology to, or 
                            conduct any other transaction with, Iran.
Sec. 227. Conditions for entry and operation of vessels.
 TITLE III--ADDITIONAL AUTHORITIES TO PREVENT CENSORSHIP ACTIVITIES IN 
                                  IRAN

Sec. 301. Report on implementation of sanctions against the Islamic 
                            Republic of Iran Broadcasting.
Sec. 302. List of persons who are high-risk re-exporters of sensitive 
                            technologies.
Sec. 303. Sense of Congress on provision of intercept technologies to 
                            Iran.
Sec. 304. Sense of Congress on availability of consumer communication 
                            technologies in Iran.
Sec. 305. Expedited consideration of requests for authorization of 
                            transfer of goods and services to Iran to 
                            facilitate the ability of Iranian persons 
                            to freely communicate.
                  TITLE IV--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 401. National Strategy on Iran.
Sec. 402. Report on Iranian nuclear and economic capabilities.
Sec. 403. Report on plausibility of expanding sanctions on Iranian oil.
Sec. 404. GAO report on Iranian strategy to evade current sanctions and 
                            other matters.
Sec. 405. Authority to consolidate reports required under Iran 
                            sanctions laws.
Sec. 406. Amendments to definitions under Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
                            and Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human 
                            Rights Act of 2012.
Sec. 407. Rule of construction.
Sec. 408. Implementation; penalties.
Sec. 409. Severability.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND STATEMENT OF POLICY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Iran's acquisition of a nuclear weapons capability 
        would--
                    (A) embolden its already aggressive foreign policy, 
                including its arming of terrorist organizations and 
                other groups, its efforts to destabilize countries in 
                the Middle East, and its efforts to target the United 
                States, United States allies, and United States 
                interests globally;
                    (B) increase the risk that Iran would share its 
                nuclear technology and expertise with extremist groups 
                and rogue nations;
                    (C) destabilize global energy markets, posing a 
                direct and devastating threat to the American and 
                global economy; and
                    (D) likely lead other governments in the region to 
                pursue their own nuclear weapons programs, increasing 
                the prospect of nuclear proliferation throughout the 
                region and effectively ending the viability of the 
                global nonproliferation regime, including the Treaty on 
                the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, done at 
                Washington, London, and Moscow July 1, 1968, and 
                entered into force on March 5, 1970.
            (2) A nuclear arms-capable Iran possessing intercontinental 
        ballistic missiles, a development most experts expect could 
        occur within a decade, would pose a direct nuclear threat to 
        the United States.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the United 
States to prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability.

             TITLE I--HUMAN RIGHTS AND TERRORISM SANCTIONS

SEC. 101. MANDATORY SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 
              THAT ENGAGE IN CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS ON BEHALF OF PERSONS 
              INVOLVED IN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES OR THAT EXPORT SENSITIVE 
              TECHNOLOGY TO IRAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 104(c)(2) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8513(c)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) facilitates a significant transaction or 
                transactions or provides significant financial services 
                for--
                            ``(i) a person that is subject to sanctions 
                        under section 105(c), 105A(c), 105B(c), or 
                        105C(a); or
                            ``(ii) a person that exports sensitive 
                        technology to Iran and is subject to the 
                        prohibition on procurement contracts as 
                        described in section 106.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect 
to any activity described in subparagraph (F) of section 104(c)(2) of 
the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
2010 (as added by subsection (a)(3) of this section) initiated on or 
after the date that is 90 days after such date of enactment.
    (c) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out the amendments made by subsection (a).

SEC. 102. PREVENTION OF DIVERSION OF CERTAIN GOODS, SERVICES AND 
              TECHNOLOGIES TO IRAN.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 301(1) of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8541(1)) is amended by striking ``knows or has reason to know'' and 
inserting ``knows, has reason to know, or should have known''.
    (b) Identification of Countries of Concern With Respect to the 
Diversion of Certain Goods, Services, and Technologies to or Through 
Iran.--Section 302(b) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8542(b)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) that are--
                    ``(A) items described in the Nuclear Suppliers 
                Group Guidelines for the Export of Nuclear Material, 
                Equipment and Technology (published by the 
                International Atomic Energy Agency as Information 
                Circular INFCIRC/254/Rev. 3/Part 1, and subsequent 
                revisions) and Guidelines for Transfers of Nuclear-
                Related Dual-Use Equipment, Material, and Related 
                Technology (published by the International Atomic 
                Energy Agency as Information Circular INFCIRC/254/Rev. 
                3/Part 2, and subsequent revisions);
                    ``(B) items on the Missile Technology Control 
                Regime Equipment and Technology Annex of June 11, 1996, 
                and subsequent revisions;
                    ``(C) items and substances relating to biological 
                and chemical weapons the export of which is controlled 
                by the Australia Group;
                    ``(D) items on the Schedule One or Schedule Two 
                list of toxic chemicals and precursors the export of 
                which is controlled pursuant to the Convention on the 
                Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling 
                and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction; 
                or
                    ``(E) items on the Wassenaar Arrangement list of 
                Dual Use Goods and Technologies and Munitions list of 
                July 12, 1996, and subsequent revisions.''.
    (c) Destinations of Diversion Concern.--Section 303(c) of the 
Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
2010 (22 U.S.C. 8543(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Additional measures.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in this 
                section, the President may impose restrictions on 
                United States foreign assistance or measures authorized 
                under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
                with respect to a country designated as a country of 
                diversion concern if the President determines such 
                restrictions or measures would prevent the transfer of 
                United States-origin goods, services, and technology to 
                Iran.
                    ``(B) Exception.--The authority to impose sanctions 
                under subparagraph (A) shall not include the authority 
                to impose sanctions relating to the importation of 
                goods.
                    ``(C) Good defined.--In this paragraph, the term 
                `good' has the meaning given that term in section 16 of 
                the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
                2415) (as continued in effect pursuant to the 
                International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 
                1701 et seq.)).''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect 
to countries identified in any update to the report that is required 
under section 302(c) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 and submitted to Congress on 
or after such date of enactment.

SEC. 103. DESIGNATION OF IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS AS FOREIGN 
              TERRORIST ORGANIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title III of the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8741 et seq.) 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating section 304 as section 305; and
            (2) by inserting after section 303 the following new 
        section:

``SEC. 304. DESIGNATION OF IRAN'S REVOLUTIONARY GUARD CORPS AS FOREIGN 
              TERRORIST ORGANIZATION.

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Secretary of State shall determine if 
Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps meets the criteria for designation as 
a foreign terrorist organization as set forth in section 219 of the 
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189).
    ``(b) Affirmative Determination.--If the Secretary of State 
determines under subsection (a) that Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps 
meets the criteria set forth under such section 219, the Secretary 
shall designate Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps as a foreign terrorist 
organization under such section 219.
    ``(c) Negative Determination.--
            ``(1) In general.--If the Secretary of State determines 
        under subsection (a) that Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps does 
        not meet the criteria set forth under such section 219, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the committees of Congress specified 
        in subsection (e) a report that contains a detailed 
        justification as to which criteria have not been met.
            ``(2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
        annex, if necessary.
    ``(d) Applicability of Sanctions to Quds Force.--The sanctions 
applied to any entity designated as a foreign terrorist organization as 
set forth in such section 219 shall be applied to the Iran's 
Revolutionary Guard Corps Quds Force.
    ``(e) Committees of Congress Specified.--The committees of Congress 
specified in this subsection are the following:
            ``(1) The Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        the Judiciary, and the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
        House of Representatives.
            ``(2) The Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        the Judiciary, and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 304 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 304. Designation of Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps as foreign 
                            terrorist organization.
``Sec. 305. Rule of construction.''.

SEC. 104. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS ON CERTAIN PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR OR 
              COMPLICIT IN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES, ENGAGING IN CENSORSHIP, 
              OR ENGAGING IN THE DIVERSION OF GOODS INTENDED FOR THE 
              PEOPLE OF IRAN.

    (a) Finding and Sense of Congress.--Section 401(a) of the Iran 
Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-
158; 126 Stat. 1251) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Finding and Sense of Congress.--
            ``(1) Finding.--Congress finds that Iranian persons holding 
        the following positions in the Government of Iran are 
        ultimately responsible for and have and continue to knowingly 
        order, control, direct and implement gross violations of the 
        human rights of the Iranian people, the human rights of persons 
        in other countries, censorship, and the diversion of food, 
        medicine, medical devices, agricultural commodities and other 
        goods intended for the Iranian people:
                    ``(A) The Supreme Leader of Iran.
                    ``(B) The President of Iran.
                    ``(C) Members of the Council of Guardians.
                    ``(D) Members of the Expediency Council.
                    ``(E) The Minister of Intelligence and Security.
                    ``(F) The Commander of the Iran's Revolutionary 
                Guard Corps.
                    ``(G) The Commander of the Basij-e-Mostaz'afin.
                    ``(H) The Commander of Ansar-e-Hezbollah.
                    ``(I) The Commander of the Quds Force.
                    ``(J) The Commander in Chief of the Police Force.
                    ``(K) Senior officials or key employees of an 
                organization described in any of subparagraphs (C) 
                through (J) or in the Atomic Energy Organization of 
                Iran, the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran, the 
                Council of Ministers of Iran, the Assembly of Experts 
                of Iran, the Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces 
                Logistics of Iran, the Ministry of Justice of Iran, the 
                Ministry of Interior of Iran, the prison system of 
                Iran, or the judicial system of Iran.
            ``(2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that--
                    ``(A) the President should include any Iranian 
                person holding a position in the Government of Iran 
                described in paragraph (1) on one or more of the lists 
                of persons subject to sanctions pursuant to section 
                105(b), 105A(b), 105B(b), or 105C(b) of the 
                Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
                Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8514(b), 8514a(b), 
                8514b(b), or 8514c(b)); and
                    ``(B) the President should impose sanctions on such 
                Iranian person pursuant to section 105, 105A, 105B, or 
                105C of such Act (as the case may be).''.
    (b) Additional Finding and Sense of Congress.--Section 401 of the 
Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law 
112-158; 126 Stat. 1251) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
    ``(b) Additional Finding and Sense of Congress.--
            ``(1) Finding.--Congress finds that other senior officials 
        of the Government of Iran, its agencies and instrumentalities, 
        also have and continue to knowingly order, control, direct, and 
        implement gross violations of the human rights of the Iranian 
        people and the human rights of persons in other countries.
            ``(2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that--
                    ``(A) the President should investigate violations 
                of human rights described in paragraph (1) to identify 
                other senior officials of the Government of Iran that 
                also have or continue to knowingly order, control, 
                direct, and implement gross violations of human rights 
                of the Iranian people and the human rights of persons 
                in other countries;
                    ``(B) the President should include any such 
                official on one or more of the lists of persons subject 
                to sanctions pursuant to section 105(b), 105A(b), 
                105B(b), or 105C(b) of the Comprehensive Iran 
                Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 
                (22 U.S.C. 8514(b), 8514a(b), 8514b(b), or 8514c(b)); 
                and
                    ``(C) the President should impose sanctions on any 
                such official pursuant to section 105, 105A, 105B, or 
                105C of such Act (as the case may be).''.
    (c) Report.--Section 401(c)(1) of the Iran Threat Reduction and 
Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-158; 126 Stat. 1251) (as 
redesignated by subsection (b) of this section) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than'';
            (2) by striking ``this Act'' and inserting ``the Nuclear 
        Iran Prevention Act of 2013, and annually thereafter for 3 
        years'';
            (3) by striking ``otherwise directing the commission of'' 
        and inserting ``otherwise directing--
                            ``(i) the commission of'';
            (4) by striking ``Iran.'' and inserting ``Iran;
                            ``(ii) censorship or related activities 
                        with respect to Iran; or
                            ``(iii) the diversion of goods, food, 
                        medicine, medical devices, and agricultural 
                        commodities, intended for the people of 
                        Iran.'';
            (5) by striking ``For any such person'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(B) Requirement relating to persons not 
                included.--For any such person''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Requirement relating to financial net 
                worth.--For each such person described in subparagraph 
                (A) and each such person described in subparagraph (B), 
                the Secretary of State shall include in the report a 
                description of the estimated net worth of the 
                person.''.
    (d) Additional Report.--Section 401 of the Iran Threat Reduction 
and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-158; 126 Stat. 
1251), as amended by this section, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Additional Report.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of the Nuclear Iran Prevention Act of 2013, 
        and annually thereafter for 3 years, the Secretary of State 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        detailed report with respect to whether each person described 
        in subsection (a) or any family member of such person has 
        facilitated deceptive transactions for or on behalf of any 
        person subject to United States sanctions concerning Iran in 
        violation of Executive Order 13608 of May 1, 2012 (77 Fed. Reg. 
        26409; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) or any other provision of law.
            ``(2) Family member defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `family member' includes, with respect to a person, any 
        relative of such person to the third degree of 
        consanguinity.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendment.--The heading for section 401 of the Iran 
Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-
158; 126 Stat. 1251) is amended by striking ``committed against'' and 
all that follows and inserting ``, engaging in censorship, or engaging 
in the diversion of goods intended for the people of iran.''.
    (f) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 401 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 401. Imposition of sanctions on certain persons responsible for 
                            or complicit in human rights abuses, 
                            engaging in censorship, or engaging in the 
                            diversion of goods intended for the people 
                            of Iran.''.

SEC. 105. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ELECTIONS IN IRAN.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Iranian people are systematically denied free, 
        fair, and credible elections by the Government of the Islamic 
        Republic of Iran.
            (2) The unelected and unaccountable Guardian Council 
        disqualifies hundreds of qualified candidates, including women 
        and most religious minorities, while the regime intimidates 
        others into staying out of elections completely.
            (3) Voting inconsistencies, including an absence of 
        international observers, and fraud are commonplace.
            (4) The 2009 presidential elections proved that the regime 
        will engage in large scale vote-rigging to ensure a specific 
        result.
            (5) The Iranian regime combines electoral manipulation with 
        the ruthless suppression of dissent. Following the 2009 
        elections, peaceful demonstrators were met with violence by the 
        regime's security apparatus, including arbitrary detentions, 
        beatings, kidnappings, rapes, and murders.
            (6) The electoral manipulation and human rights violations 
        are in violation of the Government of Iran's agreed to 
        obligations under the United Nations International Covenant on 
        Civil and Political Rights.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) the Iranian people are deprived by their government of 
        free, fair, and credible elections;
            (2) the United States should support freedom, human rights, 
        civil liberties, and the rule of law in Iran, and elections 
        that are free and fair, meet international standards, and allow 
        independent international and domestic electoral observers 
        unrestricted access to polling and counting stations; and
            (3) the United States should support the people of Iran in 
        their peaceful calls for a representative and responsive 
        democratic government that respects human rights, civil 
        liberties, and the rule of law.

SEC. 106. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON DESIGNATION OF A SPECIAL COORDINATOR FOR 
              ADVANCING HUMAN RIGHTS AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION FOR 
              WOMEN IN IRAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of State should 
designate a Special Coordinator position in the Bureau of Near Eastern 
Affairs whose primary function is to facilitate cooperation across 
departments for the purpose of advancing human rights and political 
participation for women in Iran, as well as to prepare evidence and 
information to be used in identifying Iranian officials for designation 
as human rights violators for their involvement in violating the human 
rights of women in Iran.

               TITLE II--ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL SANCTIONS

          Subtitle A--Amendments to Iran Sanctions Act of 1996

SEC. 201. TRANSFER TO IRAN OF GOODS, SERVICES, OR TECHNOLOGY THAT WOULD 
              MATERIALLY CONTRIBUTE TO IRAN'S ABILITY TO MINE OR MILL 
              URANIUM.

    (a) In General.--Section 5(b) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
(Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended by adding at the 
end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Transfer to iran of goods, services, or technology 
        that can be used for mining or milling of uranium.--Except as 
        provided in subsection (f), the President shall impose 5 or 
        more of the sanctions described in section 6(a) with respect to 
        a person if the President determines that the person knowingly 
        transferred, on or after the date of the enactment of the 
        Nuclear Iran Prevention Act of 2013, to Iran goods, services, 
        or technology that would materially contribute to Iran's 
        ability to mine or mill uranium.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5 of such Act is amended in 
subsection (b)(3), (c), and (f) by striking ``paragraph (1) or (2)'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``paragraph (1), (2), or (3)''.

SEC. 202. REPEAL OF WAIVER OF SANCTIONS RELATING TO DEVELOPMENT OF 
              WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION OR OTHER MILITARY 
              CAPABILITIES.

    Section 9(c)(1) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-
172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (B);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B); 
        and
            (3) in subparagraph (B) (as redesignated by paragraph (2) 
        of this section)--
                    (A) by striking ``or (B)'' each place it appears; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``, as applicable''.

Subtitle B--Amendments to Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, 
 and Divestment Act of 2010 and Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human 
                           Rights Act of 2012

SEC. 211. MODIFICATIONS TO PROHIBITION ON PROCUREMENT CONTRACTS WITH 
              PERSONS THAT EXPORT SENSITIVE TECHNOLOGY TO IRAN.

    (a) Application to Owners and Subsidiaries.--Subsection (a) of 
section 106 of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
Divestment Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-195; 22 U.S.C. 8515) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``goods or services with a person'' and 
        inserting the following: ``goods or services--
            ``(1) with a person'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), as added by paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection, by striking the period at the end and inserting and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) with respect to a person acting on behalf of or at 
        the direction of, or owned or controlled by, a person described 
        in paragraph (1) or a person who owns or controls a person 
        described in paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Sensitive Technology Defined.--Subsection (c)(1) of such 
section is amended by striking ``is to be used specifically'' and 
inserting ``has been designed or specifically modified''.
    (c) Presidential Determination and Imposition of Additional 
Sanctions.--Such section, as so amended, is further amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Presidential Determination and Imposition of Additional 
Sanctions.--The President shall impose 5 or more of the sanctions 
described in section 6(a) of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 
104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) with respect to--
            ``(1) a person if the President determines that the person 
        knowingly exports sensitive technology to Iran; or
            ``(2) a person acting on behalf of or at the direction of, 
        or owned or controlled by, a person described in paragraph (1) 
        or a person who owns or controls a person described in 
        paragraph (1).''.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--The heading of such section is amended 
by inserting ``and imposition of sanctions against'' after ``with''.
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the 
Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 
2010 is amended by striking the item relating to section 106 and 
inserting the following:

``Sec. 106. Prohibition on procurement contracts with and imposition of 
                            sanctions against persons that export 
                            sensitive technology to Iran.''.
    (f) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect 
to exports of sensitive technology to Iran that occur on or after such 
date of enactment.

SEC. 212. AUTHORITY OF STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS TO AVOID EXPOSURE TO 
              SANCTIONED PERSONS AND SECTORS.

    (a) In General.--Section 202 of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8532) is amended 
by striking subsections (a), (b), and (c) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
United States should respect the decision of any State or local 
government to divest from or prohibit the investment of assets of the 
State or local government in a person described in subsection (c) or to 
impose disclosure and transparency requirements on any person subject 
to the jurisdiction of such government, except with respect to an 
activity that is exempt, licensed, or otherwise authorized by a Federal 
department or agency.
    ``(b) Authority.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a 
State or local government may adopt and enforce measures that meet the 
requirements of subsection (d)--
            ``(1) to divest the assets of the State or local government 
        from a person described in subsection (c);
            ``(2) to prohibit investment of the assets of the State or 
        local government in any such person; or
            ``(3) to impose disclosure and transparency requirements on 
        any person subject to the jurisdiction of such government, 
        except with respect to an activity that is exempt, licensed, or 
        otherwise authorized by a Federal department or agency.
    ``(c) Persons Described.--A person described in this subsection is 
a person with respect to which sanctions have been, and continue to be, 
imposed pursuant to--
            ``(1) section 104(c) of this Act;
            ``(2) section 5 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (50 
        U.S.C. 1701 note);
            ``(3) section 1245(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8513a(d)); or
            ``(4) sections 1244, 1245, 1246 or 1247 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (22 U.S.C. 8803, 
        8804, 8805, or 8806).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 202 of the Comprehensive Iran 
Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8532) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(4), by striking ``engages in 
        investment activities in Iran described in subsection (c)'' and 
        inserting ``is a person described in subsection (c)'';
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``or (i)'' and inserting 
        ``or (g)'';
            (3) by striking subsection (h) and by redesignating 
        subsections (i) and (j) as subsections (h) and (i), 
        respectively; and
            (4) in paragraph (1) of subsection (i) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (3) of this subsection), by striking ``(determined 
        without regard to subsection (c))''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section apply to 
measures adopted by State and local governments on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 213. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Government of Iran, its agencies and 
        instrumentalities, continue to have access to, and utilize, 
        euro-denominated transactions, including for goods and services 
        that are subject to sanctions imposed by the United States, the 
        European Union and its member states and by the United Nations.
            (2) The Guidelines of the European Central Bank (Article 
        39(1)) states that: ``Participants shall be deemed to be aware 
        of, and shall comply with, all obligations on them relating to 
        legislation on data protection, prevention of money laundering 
        and the financing of terrorism, proliferation-sensitive nuclear 
        activities and the development of nuclear weapons delivery 
        systems, in particular in terms of implementing appropriate 
        measures concerning any payments debited or credited on their 
        PM accounts.''
            (3) United States and European convergence with respect to 
        United States sanctions efforts toward the Government of Iran 
        is a vital component of United States policy aimed at 
        preventing the Government of Iran from acquiring a nuclear 
        weapons capability.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
President should continue to closely coordinate and cooperate with the 
European Union and its member states to restrict access to and use of 
the euro currency by the Government of Iran, its agencies and 
instrumentalities, for transactions with the exception of food, 
medicine, medical devices, and agricultural commodities.

SEC. 214. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS 
              IN FOREIGN CURRENCIES.

    (a) Imposition of Sanctions.--Subtitle B of title II of the Iran 
Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8721 et 
seq.) is amended by inserting after section 220 the following:

``SEC. 220A. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN 
              TRANSACTIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCIES.

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, the 
President--
            ``(1) shall prohibit the opening, and prohibit or impose 
        strict conditions on the maintaining, in the United States of a 
        correspondent account or a payable-through account by a foreign 
        financial institution that is a person described in subsection 
        (c); and
            ``(2) may impose sanctions pursuant to the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) with 
        respect to any other person described in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Exception.--The authority to impose sanctions under 
subsection (a)(2) shall not include the authority to impose sanctions 
relating to the importation of goods.
    ``(c) Person Described.--A person described in this subsection is a 
person the President determines has--
            ``(1) knowingly conducted or facilitated a significant 
        transaction involving the currency of a country other than the 
        country in which the person is operating at the time of the 
        transaction with, for, or on behalf of--
                    ``(A) the Central Bank of Iran or another Iranian 
                financial institution designated by the Secretary of 
                the Treasury for the imposition of sanctions pursuant 
                to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
                U.S.C. 1701 et seq.); or
                    ``(B) a person described in section 1244(c)(2) of 
                the Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act (22 
                U.S.C. 8803(c)(2)) (other than a person described in 
                subparagraph (C)(iii) of that section); or
            ``(2) knowingly conducted or facilitated a significant 
        transaction by another person involving the currency of a 
        country other than the country in which that other person is 
        operating at the time of the transaction, with, for, or on 
        behalf of a person described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
        paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Waiver.--
            ``(1) In general.--The President may waive the application 
        of subsection (a) with respect to a person for a period of not 
        more than 180 days, and may renew that waiver for additional 
        periods of not more than 180 days, if the President--
                    ``(A) determines that the waiver is vital to the 
                national security of the United States; and
                    ``(B) not less than 7 days before the waiver or the 
                renewal of the waiver, as the case may be, takes 
                effect, submits a report to the appropriate 
                congressional committees on the waiver and the reason 
                for the waiver.
            ``(2) Form of report.--Each report submitted under 
        paragraph (1)(B) shall be submitted in unclassified form but 
        may include a classified annex.
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit any person from, or authorize or require the 
imposition of sanctions with respect to any person for, conducting or 
facilitating any transaction in the currency of the country in which 
the person is operating at the time of the transaction for the sale of 
agricultural commodities, food, medicine, or medical devices.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Account; correspondent account; payable-through 
        account.--The terms `account', `correspondent account', and 
        `payable-through account' have the meanings given those terms 
        in section 5318A of title 31, United States Code.
            ``(2) Agricultural commodity.--The term `agricultural 
        commodity' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of 
        the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5602).
            ``(3) Foreign financial institution.--The term `foreign 
        financial institution' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 561.308 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations (or 
        any corresponding similar regulation or ruling).
            ``(4) Good.--The term `good' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 16 of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 
        U.S.C. App. 2415) (as continued in effect pursuant to the 
        International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
        seq.)).
            ``(5) Iranian financial institution.--The term `Iranian 
        financial institution' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 104A(d) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8513b(d)).
            ``(6) Medical device.--The term `medical device' has the 
        meaning given the term `device' in section 201 of the Federal 
        Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
            ``(7) Medicine.--The term `medicine' has the meaning given 
        the term `drug' in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
        Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
            ``(8) Transaction.--The term `transaction' includes a 
        foreign exchange swap, a foreign exchange forward, and any 
        other type of similar currency exchange or conversion or 
        similar derivative instrument.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Implementation.--Section 601(a)(1) of the Iran Threat 
        Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
        8781(a)(1)) is amended by inserting ``220A,'' after ``220,''.
            (2) Penalties.--Section 601(b)(2)(A) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 
        8781(b)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``and 220,'' and 
        inserting ``220, and 220A,''.
            (3) Termination.--Section 605(a) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 
        8785(a)) is amended by inserting ``220A,'' after ``220,''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 220 the following:

``Sec. 220A. Imposition of sanctions with respect to certain 
                            transactions in foreign currencies.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect 
to transactions entered into on or after May 22, 2013.

SEC. 215. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS WITH IRAN.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle B of title II of the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8721 et seq.) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``SEC. 225. SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS WITH IRAN.

    ``(a) Authorization of Sanctions.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in this section, the 
        President may impose sanctions pursuant to the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) on a 
        foreign person that the President determines has, on or after 
        the date that is 60 days after the date of the enactment of the 
        Nuclear Iran Prevention Act of 2013, knowingly conducted or 
        facilitated a significant financial transaction with the 
        Central Bank of Iran or other Iranian financial institution 
        that has been designated by the Secretary of the Treasury for 
        the imposition of sanctions pursuant to the International 
        Emergency Economic Powers Act, for--
                    ``(A) the purchase of goods or services by a person 
                in Iran or on behalf of a person in Iran; or
                    ``(B) the purchase of goods or services from a 
                person in Iran or on behalf of a person in Iran.
            ``(2) Exception.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The authority to impose 
                sanctions under paragraph (1) shall not include the 
                authority to impose sanctions relating to the 
                importation of goods.
                    ``(B) Good.--In this paragraph, the term `good' has 
                the meaning given that term in section 16 of the Export 
                Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 2415) (as 
                continued in effect pursuant to the International 
                Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et 
                seq.)).
            ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
        be construed to affect the imposition of sanctions with respect 
        to a financial transaction for the purchase of petroleum or 
        petroleum products from Iran under section 1245 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-
        81; 125 Stat. 1648).
    ``(b) Exception for Overall Reductions of Exports to and Imports 
From Iran.--
            ``(1) In general.--The President is authorized not to 
        impose sanctions under subsection (a) on a foreign person if 
        the President determines and submits to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report that contains a determination 
        of the President that the country with primary jurisdiction 
        over the foreign person has, during the time period described 
        in paragraph (2), significantly reduced the value and volume of 
        imports and exports of goods (other than petroleum or petroleum 
        products) and services between such country and Iran.
            ``(2) Time period described.--The time period referred to 
        in paragraph (1) is the 60-day period ending on the date on 
        which the President makes the determination under paragraph (1) 
        as compared to the immediately preceding 60-day period.
    ``(c) Exception for Sales of Agricultural Commodities, Food, 
Medicine and Medical Devices.--The President may not impose sanctions 
under subsection (a) on a foreign person with respect to a transaction 
for the sale of agricultural commodities, food, medicine or medical 
devices to Iran.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Foreign person.--The term `foreign person' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act 
        of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
            ``(2) Iranian financial institution.--The term `Iranian 
        financial institution' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 104A(d) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8513b(d)).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents for the Iran Threat 
Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 224 the following:

``Sec. 225. Sanctions with respect to certain transactions with 
                            Iran.''.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 221. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE CENTRAL BANK OF 
              IRAN AND OTHER IRANIAN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Exception to Applicability of Sanctions With Respect to 
Petroleum Transactions.--Section 1245(d)(4)(D)(i)(I) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
Stat. 1648; 22 U.S.C. 8513a(d)(4)(D)(i)(I)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``reduced reduced'' and inserting 
        ``reduced'';
            (2) by inserting ``value and'' before ``volume'';
            (3) by inserting ``or of Iranian origin'' after ``from 
        Iran''; and
            (4) by adding at the end before the semicolon the 
        following: ``, and the President certifies in writing to 
        Congress that the President has based such determination on 
        accurate information on that country's total purchases of crude 
        oil from Iran or of Iranian origin''.
    (b) Financial Transactions Described.--Section 
1245(d)(4)(D)(ii)(II) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1648) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(II)'' and inserting ``(II)(aa)'';
            (2) in item (aa) (as designated by paragraph (1) of this 
        subsection), by striking the period at the end and inserting 
        ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new item:
                                    ``(bb) the foreign financial 
                                institution holding the account 
                                described in item (aa) does not 
                                knowingly facilitate any significant 
                                financial transfers for, with, or on 
                                behalf of the Government of Iran, 
                                unless the transaction is excepted from 
                                sanctions under paragraph (2) or is a 
                                transaction described in subclause (I) 
                                and item (aa).''.
    (c) Strategy to Reduce Crude Oil Purchases From Iran or of Iranian 
Origin.--
            (1) Statement of policy.--It is the policy of the United 
        States to seek to ensure that countries that have received an 
        exception under subparagraph (D)(i)(I) of section 1245(d)(4) of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 
        (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1648) shall reduce their crude 
        oil purchases from Iran or of Iranian origin so that the 
        aggregate amount of such purchases is reduced by not less than 
        an average of 1,000,000 barrels of crude oil per day by the end 
        of the 1-year period beginning on the date of submission of the 
        strategy described in subparagraph (E)(ii) of such section (as 
        added by paragraph (2) of this subsection).
            (2) Amendment.--Section 1245(d)(4) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 
        Stat. 1648) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Strategy to reduce crude oil purchases from 
                iran or of iranian origin.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 30 days 
                        after the date of the enactment of the Nuclear 
                        Iran Prevention Act of 2013, the President 
                        shall make a determination, based on the 
                        information contained in the most recent report 
                        required under subparagraph (A), of whether 
                        each country that received an exception under 
                        subparagraph (D)(i)(I) before such date of 
                        enactment is able to reduce its crude oil 
                        purchases from Iran or of Iranian origin so 
                        that the aggregate amount of such purchases is 
                        reduced by not less than an average of 
                        1,000,000 barrels of crude oil per day by the 
                        end of the 1-year period beginning on the date 
                        of submission of the strategy described in 
                        clause (ii). If the President makes an initial 
                        determination under this clause that the 
                        requirements of this clause cannot be met, then 
                        the President shall continue to make a 
                        determination under this clause every 90 days 
                        thereafter as to whether or not the 
                        requirements of this clause can be met.
                            ``(ii) Strategy.--If the President 
                        determines that the requirements of clause (i) 
                        can be met, then not later than 60 days after 
                        the date of such affirmative determination, the 
                        President shall develop and submit to the 
                        appropriate congressional committees a strategy 
                        to seek to ensure that the requirements of 
                        clause (i) are met by the end of the 1-year 
                        period beginning on such date of submission.
                            ``(iii) Future exceptions.--
                                    ``(I) Affirmative determination.--
                                If the President determines that the 
                                strategy described in clause (ii) was 
                                achieved, then each country described 
                                in clause (i) shall be eligible to 
                                receive one or more further exceptions 
                                under subparagraph (D)(i)(I) in 
                                accordance with the provisions of such 
                                subparagraph.
                                    ``(II) Negative determination.--
                                Except as provided in subclause (III), 
                                if the President determines that the 
                                strategy described in clause (ii) was 
                                not achieved, then each country 
                                described in clause (i) shall be 
                                ineligible to receive any further 
                                exception under subparagraph (D)(i)(I) 
                                in accordance with the provisions of 
                                such subparagraph.
                                    ``(III) Exception.--
                                            ``(aa) In general.--
                                        Subclause (II) shall not apply 
                                        with respect to a country 
                                        described in clause (i) if the 
                                        country--

                                                    ``(AA) dramatically 
                                                reduced its crude oil 
                                                purchases from Iran or 
                                                of Iranian origin 
                                                during the 1-year 
                                                period described in 
                                                clause (ii); and

                                                    ``(BB) has 
                                                committed itself to 
                                                continue to reduce its 
                                                crude oil purchases 
                                                from Iran or of Iranian 
                                                origin to a de minimis 
                                                level.

                                            ``(bb) Data.--The President 
                                        shall submit to the appropriate 
                                        congressional committees all 
                                        data used to make a 
                                        determination under item (aa) 
                                        not later than 15 days before 
                                        issuing an exception under item 
                                        (aa).
                            ``(iv) Appropriate congressional 
                        committees.--In this subparagraph, the term 
                        `appropriate congressional committees' means--
                                    ``(I) the Committee on Foreign 
                                Affairs and the Committee on Financial 
                                Services of the House of 
                                Representatives; and
                                    ``(II) the Committee on Foreign 
                                Relations and the Committee on Banking, 
                                Housing, and Urban Affairs of the 
                                Senate.''.
    (d) Definition of Crude Oil.--Section 1245(d)(4)(D) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 
8513a(d)(4)(D)) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
clause:
                            ``(iii) Crude oil.--In this subparagraph, 
                        the term `crude oil' includes unfinished oils, 
                        liquefied petroleum gases, distillate fuel oil, 
                        and residual fuel oil.''.
    (e) Waiver.--Section 1245(d)(5)(A) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8513a(d)(5)(A)) is 
amended by striking ``in the national'' and inserting ``vital to the 
national''.
    (f) Definitions of ``Significant Reduction''.--Section 1245(h)(3) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (22 
U.S.C. 8513a(h)(3)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``price or volume'' and inserting ``price 
        and volume''; and
            (2) by adding at the end before the period the following: 
        ``and at least a pro rata amount totaling, in the aggregate, 
        not less than an average of 1,000,000 barrels of crude oil per 
        day by the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date of 
        submission of the strategy described in subsection 
        (d)(4)(E)(ii)''.
    (g) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section take 
effect beginning on the date that is 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 222. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PORTS, SPECIAL 
              ECONOMIC ZONES, FREE ECONOMIC ZONES, AND STRATEGIC 
              SECTORS OF IRAN.

    (a) Findings.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 1244 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (22 U.S.C. 8803) is 
amended by striking ``and shipbuilding'' and inserting ``shipbuilding, 
automotive, construction, engineering, or mining''.
    (b) Designation of Ports, Special Economic Zones, Free Economic 
Zones, and Entities in Strategic Sectors as Entities of Proliferation 
Concern.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and Entities 
        in the Energy, Shipping, and Shipbuilding Sectors'' and 
        inserting ``, Special Economic Zones, Free Economic Zones, and 
        Entities in Strategic Sectors''; and
            (2) by striking ``and entities in the energy, shipping, and 
        shipbuilding sectors'' and inserting ``, entities that operate 
        special economic zones or free economic zones, and entities in 
        strategic sectors (as defined in subsection (c)(4))''.
    (c) Blocking of Property of Ports, Special Economic Zones, Free 
Economic Zones, and Entities in Strategic Sectors.--Subsection (c) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Entities in 
        Energy, Shipping, and Shipbuilding Sectors'' and inserting 
        ``Ports, Special Economic Zones, Free Economic Zones, and 
        Entities in Strategic Sectors'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``the energy, shipping, or 
                shipbuilding sectors'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``a strategic sector (as defined in paragraph 
                (4)(A))''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, special economic zone, or free 
                economic zone'' after ``port'' each place it appears; 
                and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(4) Strategic sector defined.--In this section, the term 
        `strategic sector' means--
                    ``(A) the energy, shipping, shipbuilding, 
                automotive, or mining sector of Iran; and
                    ``(B) the construction or engineering sector of 
                Iran if the President determines and reports to 
                Congress not later than 45 days after the date of the 
                enactment of the Nuclear Iran Prevention Act of 2013 
                that the construction or engineering sector of Iran, as 
                the case may be, is of strategic importance to Iran.
            ``(5) Notification and report relating to strategic 
        sectors.--
                    ``(A) Notification.--The President shall submit to 
                Congress a notification of the designation of a sector 
                as a strategic sector of Iran for purposes of paragraph 
                (4)(C) not later than 30 days after the date on which 
                the President makes such designation.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date on which the President submits to Congress a 
                notification of the designation of a sector as a 
                strategic sector of Iran under subparagraph (A), the 
                Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
                to Congress a report that contains--
                            ``(i) a review and comment on such 
                        designation; and
                            ``(ii) recommendations regarding the 
                        designation of additional sectors as strategic 
                        sectors of Iran for purposes of paragraph 
                        (4).''.
    (d) Additional Sanctions With Respect to Strategic Sectors.--
Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``the Energy, 
        Shipping, and Shipbuilding Sectors'' and inserting ``Strategic 
        Sectors''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the energy, shipping, 
        or shipbuilding sectors'' and inserting ``a strategic sector 
        (as defined in subsection (c)(4)(A))''.
    (e) Exception for Afghanistan Reconstruction.--Subsection (f) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``for a period of not more than 1 year, and may renew that 
        exception for additional periods of not more than 1 year'' 
        after ``economic development for Afghanistan'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``to the extent that'' and 
                inserting ``if'';
                    (B) by inserting ``or the renewal of the exception, 
                as the case may be,'' after ``such an exception''; and
                    (C) by striking ``in the national interest'' and 
                inserting ``in the national security interest''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or the renewal of the exception, 
                as the case may be,'' before ``not later than 15 
                days''; and
                    (B) by inserting at the end before the period the 
                following: ``or the renewal of the exception''.
    (f) Conforming Amendment.--Such section is further amended in the 
section heading by striking ``the energy, shipping, and shipbuilding 
sectors'' and inserting ``ports, special economic zones, free economic 
zones, and strategic sectors''.
    (g) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section--
            (1) take effect on the date that is 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act; and
            (2)(A) with respect to subsection (c) of section 1244 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, as 
        so amended, apply with respect to all transactions in all 
        property and interests in property of any person described in 
        subsection (c)(2) of such section that occur on or after the 
        date that is 180 days after such date of enactment; and
            (B)(i) with respect to subsection (d)(1) of section 1244 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, 
        apply with respect to the sale, supply, or transfer to or from 
        Iran of goods or services described in subsection (d)(3) of 
        such section, as so amended, that occurs on or after the date 
        that is 180 days after such date of enactment; and
            (ii) with respect to subsection (d)(2) of section 1244 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, 
        apply with respect to the conduct or facilitation of a 
        significant financial transaction for the sale, supply, or 
        transfer to or from Iran of goods or services described in 
        subsection (d)(3) of such section, as so amended, that occurs 
        on or after the date that is 180 days after such date of 
        enactment.

SEC. 223. REPORT ON DETERMINATIONS NOT TO IMPOSE SANCTIONS ON PERSONS 
              WHO ALLEGEDLY SELL, SUPPLY, OR TRANSFER PRECIOUS METALS 
              TO OR FROM IRAN.

    Section 1245 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (22 U.S.C. 8804) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(h) Report on Determinations Not to Impose Sanctions on Persons 
Who Allegedly Sell, Supply, or Transfer Precious Metals to or From 
Iran.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of Nuclear Iran Prevention Act of 2013, and every 
        90 days thereafter, the President shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report on each 
        determination of the President during the preceding 90-day 
        period not to impose sanctions under subsection (a) or (c) with 
        respect to a person who allegedly sells, supplies, or transfers 
        precious metals, directly or indirectly, to or from Iran, 
        together with the reasons for such determination.
            ``(2) Form.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
        annex, if necessary.''.

SEC. 224. IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN FINANCIAL 
              INSTITUTIONS THAT FACILITATE FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS ON 
              BEHALF OF PERSONS OWNED OR CONTROLLED BY SPECIALLY 
              DESIGNATED NATIONALS.

    Section 1247 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (22 U.S.C. 8806) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(f) Persons Owned or Controlled by Specially Designated 
Nationals.--
            ``(1) In general.--The President shall impose sanctions 
        described in subsection (a) with respect to a foreign financial 
        institution, including but not limited to a foreign central 
        bank, that the President determines has, on or after the date 
        that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Nuclear 
        Iran Prevention Act of 2013, knowingly facilitated a 
        significant financial transaction on behalf of any person 
        determined by the President to be directly owned or controlled 
        by an Iranian person included on the list of specially 
        designated nationals and blocked persons maintained by the 
        Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the 
        Treasury (other than an Iranian financial institution described 
        in subsection (b)).
            ``(2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        the President routinely should determine on or after the date 
        of the enactment of the Nuclear Iran Prevention Act of 2013 
        those persons that are directly or indirectly owned or 
        controlled by an Iranian person included on the list of 
        specially designated nationals and blocked persons maintained 
        by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of 
        the Treasury (other than an Iranian financial institution 
        described in subsection (b)).
            ``(3) Consideration of data from other countries and 
        nongovernmental organizations.--The President shall consider 
        credible data already obtained by other countries and 
        nongovernmental organizations in making determinations 
        described in paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 225. REPEAL OF EXEMPTIONS UNDER SANCTIONS PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL 
              DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2013.

    Subtitle D of title XII of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013 (22 U.S.C. 8801 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 1244--
                    (A) in subsection (c)(1)--
                            (i) by striking ``(1) Blocking of 
                        property.--'' and all that follows through ``On 
                        and after'' and inserting ``(1) Blocking of 
                        property.--On and after''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(1)--
                            (i) by striking ``(1) Sale, supply, or 
                        transfer of certain goods and services.--'' and 
                        all that follows through ``Except as provided'' 
                        and inserting ``(1) Sale, supply, or transfer 
                        of certain goods and services.--Except as 
                        provided''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (B);
            (2) in section 1245(a)--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Sale, Supply, or Transfer of 
                Certain Materials.--'' and all that follows through 
                ``The President'' and inserting ``(a) Sale, Supply, or 
                Transfer of Certain Materials.--The President'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively (and 
                by redesignating all sub-units therein accordingly);
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(B) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B) of this paragraph)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``subclause 
                        (I) of clause (i)'' and inserting ``clause (i) 
                        of subparagraph (A)'';
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking 
                        ``subclause (II) of that clause'' and inserting 
                        ``clause (ii) of that subparagraph''; and
                            (iii) in clause (iii), by striking 
                        ``subclause (III) of that clause'' and 
                        inserting ``clause (iii) of that 
                        subparagraph''; and
                    (D) by striking ``(2) exception.--'' and all that 
                follows through ``paragraph (1).''; and
            (3) in section 1246(a)--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Imposition of Sanctions.--'' 
                and all that follows through ``Except as provided'' and 
                inserting ``(a) Imposition of Sanctions.--Except as 
                provided'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively (and 
                by redesignating all sub-units therein accordingly); 
                and
                    (C) by striking ``(2) exception.--'' and all that 
                follows through ``paragraph (1).''; and

SEC. 226. TERMINATION OF GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS WITH PERSONS WHO SELL 
              GOODS, SERVICES, OR TECHNOLOGY TO, OR CONDUCT ANY OTHER 
              TRANSACTION WITH, IRAN.

    (a) Modification of Federal Acquisition Regulation.--Not later than 
90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation shall be revised to require a certification from 
each person that is a prospective contractor that the person, and any 
person under common ownership or control with the person, does not sell 
goods, services, or technology to, or conduct any other transaction 
with, Iran for which sanctions may be imposed under this Act.
    (b) Remedies.--
            (1) In general.--If the head of an executive agency 
        determines that a person has submitted a false certification 
        under subsection (a) on or after the date on which the 
        applicable revision of the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
        required by this section becomes effective, the head of that 
        executive agency shall terminate a contract with such person or 
        debar or suspend such person from eligibility for Federal 
        contracts for a period of not less than 2 years. Any such 
        debarment or suspension shall be subject to the procedures that 
        apply to debarment and suspension under the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation under subpart 9.4 of part 9 of title 48, Code of 
        Federal Regulations.
            (2) Inclusion on list of parties excluded from federal 
        procurement and nonprocurement programs.--The Administrator of 
        General Services shall include on the List of Parties Excluded 
        from Federal Procurement and Nonprocurement Programs maintained 
        by the Administrator under part 9 of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation each person that is debarred, suspended, or proposed 
        for debarment or suspension by the head of an executive agency 
        on the basis of a determination of a false certification under 
        paragraph (1).
    (c) Rule of Construction.--This section shall not be construed to 
limit the use of other remedies available to the head of an executive 
agency or any other official of the Federal Government on the basis of 
a determination of a false certification under subsection (a).
    (d) Waivers.--
            (1) In general.--The President may on a case-by-case basis 
        waive the requirement that a person make a certification under 
        subsection (a) if the President determines and certifies in 
        writing to the congressional committees described in paragraph 
        (2) that it is essential to the national security interests of 
        the United States to do so.
            (2) Congressional committees described.--The congressional 
        committees referred to in paragraph (1) are--
                    (A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee 
                on Armed Services, and the Committee on Oversight and 
                Government Reform of the House of Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the 
                Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on 
                Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
                Senate.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 133 of title 41, United 
        States Code.
            (2) Federal acquisition regulation.--The term ``Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation'' means the regulation issued pursuant 
        to section 1303(a)(1) of title 41, United States Code.
    (f) Applicability.--The revisions to the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation required under subsection (a) shall apply with respect to 
contracts for which solicitations are issued on or after the date that 
is 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 227. CONDITIONS FOR ENTRY AND OPERATION OF VESSELS.

    (a) In General.--The Ports and Waters Safety Act (33 U.S.C. 1221 et 
seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 16. PROHIBITION ON ENTRY AND OPERATION.

    ``(a) Prohibition.--
            ``(1) In general.--No foreign vessel described in 
        subsection (b) shall enter or operate in the navigable waters 
        of the United States or transfer cargo in any port or place 
        under the jurisdiction of the United States.
            ``(2) Limitation on application.--Paragraph (1) shall not 
        apply with respect to a vessel described in subsection (b)(2) 
        on and after any date on which the Secretary of State 
        determines that the vessel is no longer registered as described 
        in that subsection. The Secretary of State shall publish a 
        notice of each such determination in the Federal Register.
    ``(b) Vessels Described.--A vessel referred to in subsection (a) is 
a foreign vessel for which a Notice of Arrival is required to be filed 
under section 160 of title 33, Code of Federal Regulations, as in 
effect on the date of enactment of the Nuclear Iran Prevention Act of 
2013, and that--
            ``(1) is on a list of vessels published in Federal Register 
        under subsection (c)(2); or
            ``(2) more than 180 days after the publication of such a 
        list, is registered, pursuant to the Geneva Convention on the 
        High Seas (13 U.S.T. 2312; TIAS 5200; 450 UNTS 82), by a 
        government the agents or instrumentalities of which are 
        maintaining a registration of a vessel that is included in such 
        list.
    ``(c) Information and Publication.--The Secretary of 
Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall--
            ``(1) maintain timely information on registrations of all 
        foreign vessels over 300 gross tons that are--
                    ``(A) owned or operated by or on behalf of--
                            ``(i) the National Iran Tanker Company or 
                        the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Line; or
                            ``(ii) any successor to an entity referred 
                        to in clause (i); or
                    ``(B) otherwise owned or operated by or on behalf 
                of Iran; and
            ``(2) publish in the Federal Register a list of vessels 
        described in paragraph (1), including periodic updates of such 
        list.
    ``(d) Notification of Governments.--The Secretary of State shall 
notify each government the agents or instrumentalities of which are 
maintaining a registration of a foreign vessel that is included on the 
list published under subsection (c)(2), that all vessels registered 
under such government's authority are subject to the prohibition under 
subsection (a) if more than 180 days after such publication the 
government continues to maintain a registration for a vessel that is 
included on the list published under subsection (c)(2).
    ``(e) Notification of Vessels.--Upon receiving a Notice of Arrival 
under section 160 of title 33, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
effect on the date of enactment of the Nuclear Iran Prevention Act of 
2013) from a vessel described in (b), the Secretary shall notify the 
master of such vessel that the vessel may not enter or operate in the 
navigable waters of the United States or transfer cargo in any port or 
place under the jurisdiction of the United States, unless--
            ``(1) the Secretary has made a determination described in 
        subsection (a)(2); or
            ``(2) the Secretary allows provisional entry of the vessel, 
        or transfer of cargo from the vessel, under subsection (f).
    ``(f) Provisional Entry or Cargo Transfer.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (e), the Secretary may allow provisional entry of, or 
transfer of cargo from, a foreign vessel described in subsection (b), 
if such entry or transfer is necessary for the safety of the vessel or 
persons aboard.
    ``(g) Right of Innocent Passage.--This section shall not be 
construed as authority to restrict the right of innocent passage as 
recognized under international law.
    ``(h) Foreign Vessel Defined.--In this section the term `foreign 
vessel' has the meaning given that term in section 110 of title 46, 
United States Code.''.
    (b) Deadline for Publication.--The Secretary shall publish a list 
under section 16(c)(2) of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act, as 
amended by this section, by not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 13(e) of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act (33 
        U.S.C. 1232(e)) is amended by striking ``section 9'' and 
        inserting ``sections 9 and 16''.
            (2) Section 4(b)(2) of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act 
        (33 U.S.C. 1223(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``section 9'' and 
        inserting ``section 9 or 16''.

 TITLE III--ADDITIONAL AUTHORITIES TO PREVENT CENSORSHIP ACTIVITIES IN 
                                  IRAN

SEC. 301. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF SANCTIONS AGAINST THE ISLAMIC 
              REPUBLIC OF IRAN BROADCASTING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit to Congress 
a report on the following:
            (1) The current status of availability of the Islamic 
        Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) on international 
        satellites, entities that facilitate its operation by providing 
        services or equipment, and the technical means that it engages 
        in jamming.
            (2) The instances, since January 1, 2012, in which the IRIB 
        engaged in activities that violated Article 19 of the 
        International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, including 
        broadcasting forced confessions and hate speech against 
        minorities.
            (3) The instances, since January 1, 2012, in which 
        international broadcasting programs originating from the United 
        States and Europe have been subject to disruption in Iran, with 
        relevant details such as which programs were disrupted, 
        available location information on the origin of the disruption, 
        and the extent of the disruption.
    (b) Coordination.--In developing the report required by subsection 
(a), the Secretary of State shall coordinate with the Broadcasting 
Board of Governors, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the heads of 
other relevant Federal departments and agencies.
    (c) Public Availability.--All unclassified portions of the report 
required by subsection (a) shall be made publicly available on the 
Internet web site of the Department of State.

SEC. 302. LIST OF PERSONS WHO ARE HIGH-RISK RE-EXPORTERS OF SENSITIVE 
              TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, the Secretary of 
Commerce, in conjunction with the Secretary of State and the Secretary 
of the Treasury, shall make publicly available and update as 
appropriate a list of persons who are high-risk re-exporters of 
sensitive technologies in order to seek to ensure that the Government 
of Iran or an entity owned or controlled by that Government is unable 
to obtain sensitive technologies through the re-export of such 
sensitive technologies by third-party intermediaries.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``sensitive technology'' 
has the meaning given that term in section 106 of the Comprehensive 
Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
8515).

SEC. 303. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON PROVISION OF INTERCEPT TECHNOLOGIES TO 
              IRAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) those that provide intercept technologies that limit 
        freedom of speech or expression to the Government of Iran 
        should be held accountable for the repression of the Iranian 
        people; and
            (2) no person should use an existing contract with the 
        Government of Iran as a justification to continue to supply 
        intercept technologies to the Government of Iran for purposes 
        of restricting the free flow of information.

SEC. 304. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON AVAILABILITY OF CONSUMER COMMUNICATION 
              TECHNOLOGIES IN IRAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Department of State should encourage the free flow 
        of information in Iran to counter the Government of Iran's 
        repression of its own people; and
            (2) in order to facilitate the free flow of information in 
        Iran, the Department of State should promote the availability 
        of certain consumer communication technologies to Iranian civil 
        society and the Iranian people.

SEC. 305. EXPEDITED CONSIDERATION OF REQUESTS FOR AUTHORIZATION OF 
              TRANSFER OF GOODS AND SERVICES TO IRAN TO FACILITATE THE 
              ABILITY OF IRANIAN PERSONS TO FREELY COMMUNICATE.

    (a) In General.--Section 413 of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria 
Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8753) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--The expedited process for the 
consideration of complete requests for authorization to engage in the 
activities described in subsection (a) shall be construed to also apply 
to the transfer of goods and services to Iran to facilitate the ability 
of Iranian persons to freely communicate, obtain information, and 
access the Internet and other communications systems.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect 
to requests described in section 413 of the Iran Threat Reduction and 
Syria Human Rights Act of 2012, as so amended, that are submitted to 
the Office of Foreign Assets Control on or after such date of 
enactment.

                  TITLE IV--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 401. NATIONAL STRATEGY ON IRAN.

    (a) National Strategy Required.--The President shall develop a 
strategy, to be known as the ``National Strategy on Iran'', that 
provides strategic guidance for activities that support the objective 
of addressing the threats posed by Iran.
    (b) Annual Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act or January 30, 2014, whichever occurs first, and 
every January 30 thereafter, the President shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees the National Strategy on Iran 
required under subsection (a).
    (c) Matters To Be Included.--The report required under subsection 
(b) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) A description of Iran's grand strategy and security 
        strategy, including strategic objectives, and the security 
        posture and objectives of Iran.
            (2) A description of the United States strategy to--
                    (A) address and counter the capabilities of Iran's 
                conventional forces and Iran's unconventional forces;
                    (B) disrupt and deny Iranian efforts to develop or 
                augment capabilities related to nuclear, 
                unconventional, and missile forces development;
                    (C) address the Government of Iran's economic 
                strategy to enable the objectives described in this 
                subsection;
                    (D) exploit key vulnerabilities; and
                    (E) combat Iranian efforts to suppress Internet 
                freedom, including actions of the United States to--
                            (i) work to promote expanded Internet 
                        access for democracy activists in Iran;
                            (ii) add a public diplomacy page to the 
                        United States' virtual embassy in Iran; and
                            (iii) leverage multilateral organizations 
                        committed to Internet connectivity in Iran.
            (3) An implementation plan for the United States strategy 
        described in paragraph (2).
    (d) Form.--The report required under subsection (b) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form to the greatest extent possible, but may 
include a classified annex, if necessary.
    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Armed Services, the Committee on Financial Services, the 
        Committee on Ways and Means, and the Permanent Select Committee 
        on Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Armed Services, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
        Affairs, the Committee on Finance, and the Permanent Select 
        Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.

SEC. 402. REPORT ON IRANIAN NUCLEAR AND ECONOMIC CAPABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on the following:
            (1) An estimate of the timeline for Iranian capabilities to 
        develop nuclear weapons, including--
                    (A) an estimate of the period of time it would take 
                Iran to produce enough weapons-grade uranium for a 
                single implosion-type nuclear weapon, taking into 
                account all known relevant technical data;
                    (B) an estimate of the period of time it would take 
                Iran to produce sufficient separated plutonium for a 
                single nuclear weapon;
                    (C) a description of the assumptions underlying the 
                estimates referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B), and 
                any information about developments that might alter or 
                otherwise affect those assumptions;
                    (D) an estimate of the date by which the periods of 
                time referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B) will be 
                less than 45 days; and
                    (E) a description of any efforts by the United 
                States to increase the frequency of inspections by the 
                International Atomic Energy Agency of nuclear 
                facilities in Iran.
            (2) An assessment of Iranian strategy and capabilities 
        relating to development of nuclear weapons, including--
                    (A) a summary and analysis of current nuclear 
                weapons capabilities;
                    (B) an estimate of the amount and sources of 
                funding expended by, and an analysis of procurement 
                networks utilized by, Iran to develop its nuclear 
                weapons capabilities;
                    (C) a summary of the capabilities of Iran's 
                unconventional weapons and Iran's ballistic missile 
                forces and Iran's cruise missile forces;
                    (D) a detailed analysis of the effectiveness of 
                Iran's unconventional weapons and Iran's ballistic 
                missile forces and Iran's cruise missile forces as 
                delivery systems for a nuclear device;
                    (E) a description of all efforts of Iran to design 
                and develop a nuclear weapon, including efforts to 
                design or fit warheads, and any other possible military 
                dimensions of the nuclear program of Iran; and
                    (F) an analysis of the procurement network, 
                including the amount and sources of funding expended by 
                Iran on programs to develop a nuclear weapons 
                capability.
            (3) Projected economic effects of international sanctions 
        on Iran, including--
                    (A) an estimate of the capital accounts, current 
                accounts, and amounts of foreign exchange reserves 
                (including access to foreign exchange reserves) of the 
                Government of Iran, and other leading indicators of the 
                status of the economy of Iran;
                    (B) an estimate of timelines with respect to 
                macroeconomic viability of Iran, including the time by 
                which the Government of Iran will exhaust its foreign 
                exchange reserves;
                    (C) an estimate of the date by which the reserves 
                of the Central Bank of Iran will be insufficient for 
                the Government of Iran to avoid a severe balance of 
                payments crisis that prevents it from maintaining a 
                functioning economy, including--
                            (i) the inflation rate, exchange rates, 
                        unemployment rate, and budget deficits in Iran; 
                        and
                            (ii) other leading macroeconomic indicators 
                        used by the International Monetary Fund, 
                        professional rating agencies, and other 
                        credible sources to assess the economic health 
                        of a country;
                    (D) a description of the assumptions underlying the 
                estimate referred to in paragraph (3) and an indication 
                of how changes in each of those assumptions could 
                affect the estimate;
                    (E) an assessment of the effect of sanctions 
                imposed with respect to Iran on moving forward the date 
                referred to in subparagraph (C); and
                    (F) a description of actions taken by the 
                Government of Iran to delay the date referred to in 
                subparagraph (C).
    (b) Update.--The President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees an update of the report required by subsection 
(a) every 60 days after the date of submission of the report that 
includes any pertinent developments to Iranian nuclear or economic 
capabilities.
    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) and the update 
required under subsection (b) shall be submitted in unclassified form 
to the greatest extent possible, but may include a classified annex, if 
necessary.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee 
                on Armed Services, the Committee on Financial Services, 
                the Committee on Ways and Means, and the Permanent 
                Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the 
                Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Banking, 
                Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Finance, 
                and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
            (2) Nuclear explosive device.--The term ``nuclear explosive 
        device'' means any device, whether assembled or disassembled, 
        that is designed to produce an instantaneous release of an 
        amount of nuclear energy from special nuclear material that is 
        greater than the amount of energy that would be released from 
        the detonation of one pound of trinitrotoluene (TNT).

SEC. 403. REPORT ON PLAUSIBILITY OF EXPANDING SANCTIONS ON IRANIAN OIL.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report assessing the following:
            (1) Whether petroleum and petroleum products originating in 
        and exported from Iran are refined and sold outside of Iran.
            (2) Whether products that contain Iranian-origin petroleum 
        or petroleum products as part of their contents are imported 
        into the United States and, if any such products are imported 
        into the United States, whether such importation violates the 
        ban on importation into the United States of Iranian-origin 
        petroleum or petroleum products.
            (3) Whether it is feasible to ban the importation into the 
        United States of products described in paragraph (2), 
        regardless of whether the ban on importation into the United 
        States of Iranian-origin petroleum or petroleum products 
        applies to such products.
    (b) Basis of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) may 
be based on publicly-available information and classified information. 
The information that is not classified information shall be made 
publically available.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, and the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
        House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, and the Committee on 
        Finance of the Senate.

SEC. 404. GAO REPORT ON IRANIAN STRATEGY TO EVADE CURRENT SANCTIONS AND 
              OTHER MATTERS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a 
report that--
            (1) evaluates the strategy of the Government of Iran to 
        evade current economic and financial sanctions; and
            (2) specifically evaluates the ability of Iran to 
        successfully diversify its economy beyond its energy sector, 
        thereby lessening the impact and effectiveness of economic and 
        financial sanctions.

SEC. 405. AUTHORITY TO CONSOLIDATE REPORTS REQUIRED UNDER IRAN 
              SANCTIONS LAWS.

    (a) In General.--Any or all reports required to be submitted to 
Congress under the provisions of law described in subsection (c) that 
are subject to a deadline for submission consisting of the same unit of 
time may be consolidated into a single report that is submitted to 
Congress pursuant to such deadline.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to the 
initial report of any report described in subsection (a).
    (c) Provisions of Law Described.--The provisions of law referred to 
in this section are the following:
            (1) This Act and the amendments made by this Act.
            (2) The Iran Freedom and Counter-Proliferation Act of 2012 
        (22 U.S.C. 8801 et seq.).
            (3) The Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 
        2012 (22 U.S.C. 8701 et seq.).
            (4) The Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
        Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8501 et seq.).
    (d) Effective Date.--This section takes effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and applies with respect to reports required to 
be submitted to Congress under the provisions of law described in 
subsection (c) on or after such date of enactment.

SEC. 406. AMENDMENTS TO DEFINITIONS UNDER IRAN SANCTIONS ACT OF 1996 
              AND IRAN THREAT REDUCTION AND SYRIA HUMAN RIGHTS ACT OF 
              2012.

    (a) Iran Sanctions Act of 1996.--Section 14(4)(B) of the Iran 
Sanctions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note) is 
amended by striking ``may include, in the discretion of the President'' 
and inserting ``includes''.
    (b) Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012.--
Section 211 of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 
2012 (22 U.S.C. 8721) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(f) Definition.--In this section, the term `appropriate 
congressional committees' includes the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate.''.

SEC. 407. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this Act or any amendment made by this Act shall be 
construed to apply with respect to--
            (1) any activity relating to a project described in 
        subsection (a) of section 603 of the Iran Threat Reduction and 
        Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (22 U.S.C. 8783) to which the 
        exception under that section applies at the time of the 
        activity; or
            (2) any authorized intelligence activity of the United 
        States.

SEC. 408. IMPLEMENTATION; PENALTIES.

    (a) Implementation.--The President may exercise all authorities 
provided under sections 203 and 205 of the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1702 and 1704) to carry out this Act and 
the amendments made by this Act.
    (b) Penalties.--The penalties provided for in subsections (b) and 
(c) of section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act 
(50 U.S.C. 1705) shall apply to a person that violates, attempts to 
violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of this Act or any 
amendment made by this Act or regulations prescribed under this Act to 
the same extent that such penalties apply to a person that commits an 
unlawful act described in section 206(a) of the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705(a)).

SEC. 409. SEVERABILITY.

    (a) In General.--If any provision of this Act, or the application 
of such provision to any person or circumstance, is found to be 
unconstitutional, the remainder of this Act, or the application of that 
provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected.
    (b) Effective Date Under Section 214.--If subsection (d) of section 
214 is found to be unconstitutional in accordance with subsection (a), 
the amendments made by such section 214 take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and apply with respect to transactions entered 
into on or after such date of enactment.

            Passed the House of Representatives July 31, 2013.

            Attest:

                                                 KAREN L. HAAS,

                                                                 Clerk.