Text: S.1109 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (06/06/2013)

 
[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 1109 Introduced in Senate (IS)]

113th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1109

 To amend the school dropout prevention program in the Elementary and 
                    Secondary Education Act of 1965.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                              June 6, 2013

 Ms. Murkowski introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
  referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To amend the school dropout prevention program in the Elementary and 
                    Secondary Education Act of 1965.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Early Intervention for Graduation 
Success Act of 2013''.

SEC. 2. PURPOSE.

    Section 1802 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
(20 U.S.C. 6552) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1802. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this part--
            ``(1) to provide for effective strategies of early 
        intervention for young children who have risk factors that are 
        strongly associated with not graduating from high school;
            ``(2) to improve States', school districts', early 
        childhood education providers', educators', and communities' 
        capacity to provide effective services to children with such 
        risk factors;
            ``(3) to prevent such risk factors from becoming 
        intractable; and
            ``(4) to facilitate high expectations for achievement among 
        our Nation's young children.''.

SEC. 3. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 1803 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
(20 U.S.C. 6553) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1803. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``For the purpose of carrying out this part, there are authorized 
to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2014 
and each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years, of which--
            ``(1) not more than 5 percent shall be available to carry 
        out subpart 1 for each fiscal year; and
            ``(2) not less than 95 percent shall be available to carry 
        out subpart 2 for each fiscal year.''.

SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS.

    Part H of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 6551 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 
1803 the following:

``SEC. 1804. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Early childhood education provider.--The term `early 
        childhood education provider' means--
                    ``(A) a program that provides for the care, 
                development, and education of infants, toddlers, or 
                young children ages 5 and younger that--
                            ``(i) meets all applicable State and local 
                        government licensing, certification, approval, 
                        and registration requirements; and
                            ``(ii) is operated by--
                                    ``(I) a program operated by a 
                                public school that is supported, 
                                sponsored, or administered by the local 
                                educational agency;
                                    ``(II) a Head Start or Early Head 
                                Start agency that receives financial 
                                assistance under the Head Start Act;
                                    ``(III) a nonprofit or community-
                                based organization; or
                                    ``(IV) a child care program that 
                                receives funding under the Child Care 
                                and Development Block Grant Act of 
                                1990; or
                    ``(B) a consortium of the providers described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) Outcomes data.--The term `outcomes data' means--
                    ``(A) objective and developmentally appropriate 
                measures, if valid, reliable, and available, of--
                            ``(i) preliteracy and premathematics 
                        skills;
                            ``(ii) kindergarten readiness;
                            ``(iii) reading and numeracy skills;
                            ``(iv) proficiency on State academic 
                        performance standards;
                            ``(v) attendance;
                            ``(vi) discipline referrals; and
                            ``(vii) suspensions; and
                    ``(B) other such applicable measures of student 
                success.
            ``(3) Postsecondary education.--The term `postsecondary 
        education' means education and training provided by colleges or 
        job training agencies to students who have graduated or aged 
        out of public kindergarten through grade 12 education.
            ``(4) Quality rating and improvement system.--The term 
        `quality rating and improvement system' means a system of 
        supporting and assessing the quality of early childhood 
        education providers that builds on licensing requirements and 
        other State regulatory standards for such providers, that is 
        designed to improve the quality of different types of early 
        childhood education programs, and that--
                    ``(A) has a series of levels or tiers leading to 
                nationally recognized high-quality program standards 
                for early childhood education programs;
                    ``(B) addresses staff qualifications, professional 
                development, program standards, family engagement, and 
                program environment;
                    ``(C) provides financial and technical assistance 
                to programs to achieve and sustain higher levels of 
                quality; and
                    ``(D) provides information to families and the 
                public on the rating of programs that is accessible to 
                all families.
            ``(5) State.--The term `State' means the State educational 
        agency.''.

SEC. 5. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    Section 1811(b) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 6555(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``eligible schools'' 
        and inserting ``States and partnerships of local educational 
        agencies and early childhood education providers'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``eligible schools'' and 
        inserting ``States and partnerships of local educational 
        agencies and early childhood education providers'';
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``school'' and inserting ``State, 
                local educational agency, or early childhood education 
                provider''; and
                    (B) by striking ``within the eligible school 
                district or nationally'' and inserting `` among States, 
                local educational agencies, and early childhood 
                education providers''; and
            (4) by striking paragraph (4).

SEC. 6. SCHOOL DROPOUT PREVENTION INITIATIVE.

    Subpart 2 of part H of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6561 et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

           ``Subpart 2--School Dropout Prevention Initiative

``SEC. 1821. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Grants authorized.--
                    ``(A) In general.--From the amount appropriated 
                under section 1803 for a fiscal year, the Secretary 
                shall establish an early intervention for graduation 
                success program through which the Secretary shall award 
                grants, on a competitive basis, to States to support 
                activities as described in this subpart.
                    ``(B) Duration.--Grants awarded under this section 
                shall be 5 years in duration.
            ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
        Secretary shall give--
                    ``(A) priority to the 10 States that have the 
                lowest averaged freshman graduation rates, as compiled 
                by the National Center for Education Statistics; and
                    ``(B) additional priority, if applicable, to any 
                such State that has 1 or more subgroup of students, as 
                described in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II), who have the 
                lowest averaged freshman graduation rate in the United 
                States.
    ``(b) Use of Grant Funds.--Grant funds awarded under this 
subsection shall be used to fund effective, sustainable, and 
coordinated school dropout prevention activities as described in 
section 1825.

``SEC. 1822. APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--To receive--
            ``(1) a grant under this subpart, a State shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and 
        accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably 
        require; and
            ``(2) a subgrant under this subpart, a partnership of 1 or 
        more local educational agencies and 1 or more early childhood 
        education providers shall submit an application to the State at 
        such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information 
        as the State may reasonably require.
    ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under subsection (a) 
shall--
            ``(1) include a plan--
                    ``(A) describing the applicant's strategy for 
                increasing the State educational agency or local 
                educational agency's averaged freshman graduation rate 
                in accordance with the activities described in section 
                1825(b) and how the strategies will serve the students 
                who have risk factors for not graduating;
                    ``(B) that addresses how the purpose described in 
                section 1802 will be carried out by the applicant; and
                    ``(C) for assessing the effectiveness of the 
                efforts described in the plan;
            ``(2) describe a budget and timeline for implementing the 
        strategies;
            ``(3) contain evidence of coordination with existing 
        resources, including a State Advisory Council on Early 
        Childhood Education and Care designated or established pursuant 
        to section 642B(b)(1)(A) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 
        9837b(b)(1)(A)) or a similar entity;
            ``(4) describe how the applicant may use local, State, and 
        other Federal funds for school dropout prevention and reentry 
        programs, or, as appropriate, programs intended to increase 
        students' readiness for school or academic proficiency;
            ``(5) describe how the activities conform with evidence-
        based practices about school dropout prevention; and
            ``(6) provide an assurance that the grantee will maintain 
        the privacy of student and family data.
    ``(c) Partnerships.--A partnership described in subsection (a)(2) 
that desires to receive a subgrant under this subpart shall include in 
its application information on the identity of the partner that will be 
the fiscal agent and what percentage of subgrant funds will be provided 
to each member of the partnership to collaborate in planning and 
providing services to at-risk students with the following entities, as 
appropriate:
            ``(1) Community and cultural organizations.
            ``(2) Relevant Indian tribes and tribal organizations.
            ``(3) Institutions of higher education (including Tribal 
        Colleges and Universities) and job training providers.
            ``(4) Parent organizations.
            ``(5) Social services organizations.
            ``(6) Organizations that provide service learning, 
        tutoring, mentoring, and other supportive services to youth.
            ``(7) Homeless and foster youth advocates.
            ``(8) Advocates for students with disabilities.
            ``(9) Entities that engage in postsecondary education 
        outreach and support.
            ``(10) Educational service agencies.
            ``(11) Organizations that provide professional development.
            ``(12) Other entities as appropriate and available.

``SEC. 1823. STATE RESERVATION.

    ``A State that receives a grant under this subpart may reserve not 
more than 5 percent of the grant funds for administrative costs related 
to activities described under this subpart.

``SEC. 1824. REPORTING AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

    ``(a) Partnership Reports.--To receive funds under this subpart for 
a fiscal year after the first fiscal year that a partnership described 
in subsection (a)(2) receives funds under this subpart, the partnership 
subgrantee shall provide, on an annual basis, a report regarding the 
status of the implementation of activities funded under this subpart, 
and an evaluation of the effectiveness of such activities for students 
at schools assisted under this subpart to the State, disaggregated by 
the subgroups described in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II).
    ``(b) State Report on Program Activities.--Each State receiving 
funds under this subpart shall provide to the Secretary, at such time 
and in such format as the Secretary may require, information on the 
status of the implementation of activities funded under this subpart 
and outcomes data for students in schools assisted under this subpart.
    ``(c) Accountability.--The Secretary shall evaluate the 
effectiveness of the activities assisted under this subpart using 
rigorous evaluation methodologies, including, if feasible, control 
group studies. The Secretary may use funds appropriated for subpart 1 
to carry out this evaluation.
    ``(d) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall make public and widely 
disseminate State reports described under subsection (b) and the 
evaluation described under subsection (c) in a manner that protects the 
privacy of individuals.

``SEC. 1825. EARLY INTERVENTION GRANTS.

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Renewable grants.--
                    ``(A) Awarding and renewing grants.--The Secretary 
                shall award grants to States to carry out the 
                activities described in this section. The Secretary may 
                renew such grants for a period of not more than an 
                additional 5 years for States with satisfactory annual 
                performance reports in each of the preceding 5 years, 
                to expand or improve, or both, the activities described 
                in this section.
                    ``(B) Match in grants that have been renewed.--A 
                State that receives a grant that has been renewed under 
                subparagraph (A) shall contribute to the activities 
                assisted under such grant matching funds in an amount 
                equal to not less than 50 percent of the amount of the 
                grant. Such matching funds may be provided in cash or 
                in-kind.
            ``(2) Dropout early warning system.--A State that receives 
        a grant under this section may set aside grant funds, in 
        addition to the State reservation described in section 1823 to 
        assist partnerships to access data elements from multiple State 
        agencies as described in subsection (b)(1)(A)(iii).
            ``(3) Subgrants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives a grant 
                under this section shall award subgrants to 
                partnerships of local educational agencies and early 
                childhood education providers that have high 
                percentages of students with risk factors associated 
                with low graduation rates, as described in subsection 
                (b)(1)(A)(ii)(I).
                    ``(B) Priority.--In awarding subgrants under 
                subparagraph (A), a State may give priority to 
                partnerships of local educational agencies and early 
                childhood education providers based on the percentage 
                of children served with risk factors associated with 
                low graduation rates and actual low high school 
                graduation rates, as appropriate.
                    ``(C) Size of subgrants and ability to sustain 
                programs.--In awarding subgrants under subparagraph 
                (A), a State shall ensure that--
                            ``(i) the subgrants are of sufficient size 
                        so as to allow the subgrantee to plan and 
                        implement an effective program; and
                            ``(ii) an entity awarded a subgrant under 
                        this paragraph has the capacity to sustain the 
                        program after the Federal grant ends.
    ``(b) Activities.--
            ``(1) State activities.--
                    ``(A) Required activities.--A State that receives a 
                grant under this section shall carry out the following:
                            ``(i) Statewide graduation success plan.--
                        The State, if it has not previously done so, 
                        shall create and periodically update a 
                        research-based plan to increase graduation 
                        rates of high-risk students that includes 
                        effective strategies to address the factors 
                        associated with the risk of not graduating from 
                        high school in that State. The plan shall 
                        address risk factors associated with children 
                        from birth through grade 12. The State shall 
                        provide an opportunity for educators, parents, 
                        students, tribes, relevant agencies and 
                        organizations, and community members to provide 
                        comments during the development or updating of 
                        the Statewide plan. In developing the plan, the 
                        State shall coordinate proposed activities with 
                        the State Advisory Council on Early Childhood 
                        Education and Care designated or established 
                        pursuant to section 642B(b)(1)(A) of the Head 
                        Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9837b(b)(1)(A)), and shall 
                        incorporate plans and recommendations from such 
                        Council where appropriate.
                            ``(ii) Technical assistance.--The State 
                        shall provide technical assistance to 
                        subgrantees, to the extent practicable.
                            ``(iii) Access to state agency 
                        information.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The State shall 
                                assist subgrantees to access data 
                                elements from appropriate State 
                                agencies to identify, ensure services 
                                are provided to, and analyze the 
                                effectiveness of such services designed 
                                to serve, children at risk for not 
                                graduating from high school, from birth 
                                through elementary school, at minimum, 
                                who--
                                            ``(aa) have a parent who 
                                        receives assistance under--

                                                    ``(AA) the special 
                                                supplemental nutrition 
                                                program for women, 
                                                infants, and children 
                                                established by section 
                                                17 of the Child 
                                                Nutrition Act of 1966 
                                                (42 U.S.C. 1786);

                                                    ``(BB) the 
                                                temporary assistance 
                                                for needy families 
                                                program under part A of 
                                                title IV of the Social 
                                                Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
                                                601 et seq.); or

                                                    ``(CC) the Medicaid 
                                                program under title XIX 
                                                of the Social Security 
                                                Act;

                                            ``(bb) are homeless or are 
                                        in foster care;
                                            ``(cc) are children with 
                                        disabilities or have other 
                                        cognitive, physical, or 
                                        emotional disabilities;
                                            ``(dd) are children who are 
                                        limited English proficient;
                                            ``(ee) were born to a teen 
                                        mother who has low educational 
                                        attainment, if such data are 
                                        available;
                                            ``(ff) have been retained 
                                        in prekindergarten or retained 
                                        for a grade or more in 
                                        elementary school;
                                            ``(gg) have consistently 
                                        poor attendance;
                                            ``(hh) have low proficiency 
                                        on statewide reading or 
                                        mathematics assessments;
                                            ``(ii) have preschool 
                                        expulsion or school suspensions 
                                        or other measures of school 
                                        behavior problems;
                                            ``(jj) have been denied 
                                        entry, at the legal age, to 
                                        kindergarten;
                                            ``(kk) are under the 
                                        supervision of a child services 
                                        agency due to parental neglect 
                                        or abuse;
                                            ``(ll) have a parent in 
                                        jail or in substance abuse 
                                        treatment; or
                                            ``(mm) have other 
                                        indicators appropriate to the 
                                        State to inform activities 
                                        undertaken as part of the 
                                        State's plan to increase 
                                        graduation rates among at-risk 
                                        children.
                                    ``(II) Information available.--The 
                                information made available pursuant to 
                                this clause shall be available to 
                                authorized users employed by the State 
                                educational agency, the State agency or 
                                agencies that administer funds for 
                                child care, the State Head Start 
                                Director, and, where applicable, the 
                                State early learning coordinator, 
                                subgrantee partnerships described in 
                                subsection (a)(2), and, as necessary, 
                                researchers employed by or under 
                                contract with such entities to evaluate 
                                the effectiveness of the grants.
                                    ``(III) Privacy.--The use of the 
                                data and information made available 
                                pursuant to this clause shall be 
                                carried out in a manner consistent with 
                                section 444 of the General Education 
                                Provisions Act (commonly known as the 
                                `Family Educational Rights and Privacy 
                                Act of 1974') and be subject to the 
                                regulations promulgated under section 
                                264(c) of the Health Insurance 
                                Portability and Accountability Act of 
                                1996 (42 U.S.C. 1320d-2 note).
                                    ``(IV) Predictions.--The State may 
                                provide data necessary to analyze which 
                                risk factors are most predictive of the 
                                likelihood of students dropping out of 
                                school and analyzing the efficacy of 
                                interventions.
                    ``(B) Permissible activities.--A State that 
                receives a grant under this section may use the grant 
                funds for any of the following:
                            ``(i) Early childhood educator tuition 
                        assistance.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The State may 
                                provide not more than 50 percent of the 
                                cost of attendance per year for an 
                                individual to receive an associate's 
                                degree or a 4-year degree in early 
                                childhood education to enable such 
                                individual to teach in or be qualified 
                                personnel employed by--
                                            ``(aa) a program funded 
                                        under the Child Care and 
                                        Development Block Grant Act of 
                                        1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.);
                                            ``(bb) a program funded 
                                        under the Head Start Act (42 
                                        U.S.C. 9831 et seq.);
                                            ``(cc) an infant learning 
                                        program;
                                            ``(dd) a program funded 
                                        under part C of the Individuals 
                                        with Disabilities Education 
                                        Act;
                                            ``(ee) a preschool program 
                                        funded by a State or local 
                                        educational agency; or
                                            ``(ff) a special education 
                                        early childhood certification 
                                        program.
                                    ``(II) Agreement to teach in early 
                                childhood program.--
                                            ``(aa) In general.--An 
                                        individual who receives 
                                        assistance under subclause (I) 
                                        shall agree to teach in an 
                                        early childhood education 
                                        program for--

                                                    ``(AA) not less 
                                                than 3 years if the 
                                                individual receives an 
                                                associate's degree in 
                                                early childhood 
                                                education; or

                                                    ``(BB) not less 
                                                than 5 years if the 
                                                individual receives a 
                                                4-year degree in early 
                                                childhood education.

                                            ``(bb) Documentation.--An 
                                        individual who receives 
                                        assistance under subclause (I) 
                                        shall annually provide 
                                        documentation to the State 
                                        showing that such service has 
                                        been performed. Such 
                                        notification shall be provided 
                                        in such form and manner as the 
                                        State may reasonably require.
                                    ``(III) Repayment.--An individual 
                                who receives assistance under subclause 
                                (I) and does not complete the service 
                                requirement described in subclause 
                                (II), or who notifies the State that 
                                the individual intends not to complete 
                                such service requirement, shall repay 
                                to the State a prorated amount of such 
                                assistance that reflects the amount of 
                                the service requirement not completed, 
                                together with interest, at a rate 
                                specified by the State in the 
                                agreement.
                                    ``(IV) Waiver or reduction.--The 
                                State may waive or reduce the 
                                requirement under subclause (III) if 
                                the State determines that compliance 
                                with such service requirement 
                                represents a substantial hardship--
                                            ``(aa) because the 
                                        individual is permanently and 
                                        totally disabled at the time of 
                                        the waiver request; or
                                            ``(bb) based on 
                                        documentation presented of 
                                        substantial economic or 
                                        personal hardship.
                                    ``(V) Supplement not supplant.--
                                Assistance under this clause may not 
                                supplant Federal financial aid programs 
                                for which the individual is otherwise 
                                eligible, including TEACH Grants under 
                                subpart 9 of part A of title IV of the 
                                Higher Education Act of 1965 or any 
                                other Federal loan or grant for which 
                                the individual is otherwise eligible.
                            ``(ii) Increase and monitor early childhood 
                        program quality.--
                                    ``(I) Program quality standards.--
                                The State may--
                                            ``(aa) develop, implement, 
                                        or improve a quality rating and 
                                        improvement system; and
                                            ``(bb) provide information 
                                        obtained pursuant to item (aa) 
                                        to the public in an easily 
                                        accessible and understandable 
                                        format, including in languages 
                                        spoken by parents within the 
                                        community.
                                    ``(II) Correlating success.--
                                            ``(aa) In general.--The 
                                        State may--

                                                    ``(AA) gather data 
                                                regarding students' 
                                                participation in early 
                                                childhood education 
                                                programs and the 
                                                quality of those 
                                                programs, and the 
                                                students' subsequent 
                                                level of success in 
                                                elementary school 
                                                grades and the quality 
                                                of such elementary 
                                                schools; and

                                                    ``(BB) correlate 
                                                the data to evaluate 
                                                the continuum of 
                                                effectiveness of such 
                                                programs in preparing 
                                                students to attain and 
                                                sustain academic 
                                                proficiency and, as 
                                                appropriate, in 
                                                reducing risk factors 
                                                associated with 
                                                dropping out of school.

                                            ``(bb) Correlation in 
                                        conjunction with other 
                                        systems.--The correlation under 
                                        item (aa) shall work in 
                                        conjunction with the early 
                                        childhood outcomes indicator 
                                        data systems developed under 
                                        section 619 and part C of the 
                                        Individuals with Disabilities 
                                        Education Act, and, as 
                                        practicable, a quality rating 
                                        and improvement system or other 
                                        systems that the State may have 
                                        developed to evaluate outcomes 
                                        for children.
                            ``(iii) P-20 vertical performance standards 
                        alignment.--The State may carry out activities 
                        directly related to the design and 
                        implementation of a progression of aligned 
                        performance standards, across all domains of 
                        learning, for prekindergarten through grade 12 
                        and postsecondary education.
                            ``(iv) Expand access.--The State may expand 
                        access to high-quality early childhood 
                        education for children most at risk of low 
                        proficiency in school.
            ``(2) Partnership activities.--
                    ``(A) Required activities.--A partnership described 
                in subsection (a)(2) that receives a subgrant under 
                this section shall carry out both of the following:
                            ``(i) Analyze data.--The partnership shall 
                        analyze data made available by State agencies 
                        and other sources relevant to risk factors for 
                        non-graduation and use the data to implement 
                        research-based, individualized interventions 
                        for at-risk students.
                            ``(ii) Individual learning plans.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The partnership 
                                shall develop and implement individual 
                                learning plans for each at-risk early 
                                childhood, elementary, and secondary 
                                school student, which shall include a 
                                description of how subgrant program 
                                partners will implement services. Such 
                                plans shall be updated not less 
                                frequently than annually and forwarded 
                                to the next school of enrollment.
                                    ``(II) Waiver.--A partnership may 
                                apply to the State to be considered to 
                                have complied with the requirement 
                                under subclause (I) by developing and 
                                implementing individual learning plans 
                                for those students who are most at-risk 
                                if sufficient funds are not provided to 
                                develop and implement thorough and 
                                meaningful plans for each student who 
                                has a risk factor described in items 
                                (aa) through (ll) of paragraph 
                                (1)(A)(iii)(I) and if the partnership 
                                has prioritized providing services to 
                                children in early learning and 
                                elementary schools.
                                    ``(III) Distinction from ieps.--
                                Individual learning plans developed 
                                under this clause are distinct from 
                                individualized education programs 
                                developed under the Individuals with 
                                Disabilities Education Act.
                                    ``(IV) No entitlement.--The 
                                development or implementation of an 
                                individual learning plan under this 
                                clause does not confer an entitlement 
                                to services.
                    ``(B) Choice of activities.--A partnership 
                described in subsection (a)(2) that receives a subgrant 
                under this section shall carry out at least 1 activity 
                from each of the following clauses as part of the 
                partnership's plan to increase the graduation rates of 
                students for whom individual learning plans have been 
                developed.
                            ``(i) Professional development.--
                                    ``(I) Provide teacher mentors for 
                                those teachers who are in their first 3 
                                years of teaching or who have been 
                                recommended for mentoring by their 
                                supervisor or principal, and who do not 
                                have such mentors.
                                    ``(II) Provide effective, 
                                researched-based professional 
                                development for teachers serving 
                                students for whom individual learning 
                                plans have been developed, including 
                                children with disabilities, and program 
                                professionals under section 619 or part 
                                C of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                                Education Act, to--
                                            ``(aa) provide effective, 
                                        differentiated instruction;
                                            ``(bb) develop or improve 
                                        family engagement and 
                                        communication skills and 
                                        strategies;
                                            ``(cc) integrate subjects 
                                        such as the arts, physical 
                                        education, and history into 
                                        reading, writing, and 
                                        mathematics instruction;
                                            ``(dd) use data to inform 
                                        instruction;
                                            ``(ee) implement research-
                                        based interventions for at-risk 
                                        students; and
                                            ``(ff) support children's 
                                        social, emotional, and physical 
                                        development.
                                    ``(III) Train principals in 
                                effective--
                                            ``(aa) developmentally 
                                        appropriate instructional 
                                        practices and support for 
                                        teachers and other staff in 
                                        using such practices;
                                            ``(bb) leadership qualities 
                                        and skills necessary to 
                                        increase student achievement;
                                            ``(cc) early intervention 
                                        for at-risk children;
                                            ``(dd) curricula alignment 
                                        from prekindergarten through 
                                        the attainment of a 
                                        baccalaureate degree;
                                            ``(ee) implementation of 
                                        effective and ongoing 
                                        communication between 
                                        community-based early childhood 
                                        education providers and school 
                                        staff; and
                                            ``(ff) enhancement of 
                                        family engagement practices and 
                                        opportunities.
                                    ``(IV) Include staff of partner 
                                agencies and specialized instructional 
                                support personnel who are involved in 
                                implementing the grant in all 
                                appropriate training to ensure that all 
                                members of the team have all 
                                appropriate skills to implement the 
                                coordinated program.
                                    ``(V) Establish partnerships with 
                                institutions of higher education, or 
                                other qualified agencies, to conduct 
                                professional development or induction 
                                programs focused on increasing 
                                classroom teachers' ability to use 
                                multiple types of assessments to 
                                individualize instruction for students 
                                with disabilities.
                            ``(ii) Community integration and support 
                        services.--
                                    ``(I) Integrate community student 
                                support services, such as before- and 
                                after-school programs, health and 
                                wellness programs, social services, 
                                family engagement and communication 
                                activities, counseling, positive 
                                behavioral intervention and support 
                                programs, anti-bullying programs, 
                                community assets development, social-
                                emotional learning programs, and 
                                transportation to break down barriers 
                                to individual student success.
                                    ``(II) Provide research-based 
                                parent training, involvement, and 
                                engagement activities.
                                    ``(III) Hire a culturally competent 
                                liaison for each partner school or 
                                program to coordinate communication and 
                                integrated, individualized services to 
                                the families of all at-risk students.
                                    ``(IV) Engage educators, families, 
                                community organizations, tribes and 
                                tribal organizations, businesses, faith 
                                communities, and students in building 
                                sustainable networks of community 
                                engagement and school improvement.
                                    ``(V) Keep schools open before and 
                                after school hours, on school holidays 
                                and during the summer for organized, 
                                safe, and engaging activities designed 
                                to increase academic proficiency, 
                                improve school climate, and improve 
                                students' health and wellness.
                            ``(iii) High expectations and support for 
                        academic achievement.--
                                    ``(I) Reinforce high expectations 
                                and goal setting by introducing 
                                students, in an age-appropriate way, to 
                                professions and trades, expanding 
                                access to age-appropriate career and 
                                technical education, and exposing 
                                students and parents to institutions of 
                                higher education and Federal student 
                                aid options.
                                    ``(II) Provide research-based, 
                                effective on-site tutoring and 
                                enrichment opportunities to at-risk 
                                students.
                                    ``(III) Improve school climate, 
                                promote social-emotional learning, and 
                                increase school connectedness.
                                    ``(IV) Ensure that the curriculum 
                                is aligned to State standards, is 
                                relevant to the needs and interests of 
                                students, and promotes high 
                                expectations.
                                    ``(V) Implement research-based 
                                activities designed to increase the 
                                literacy, numeracy, and self-regulation 
                                skills of preschool and elementary 
                                school children.
    ``(c) Evaluations.--
            ``(1) Partnership evaluations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State shall use outcomes 
                data to evaluate each partnership subgrantee to which 
                the State awards a subgrant under this section to 
                determine the effectiveness of the program funded under 
                this subpart. Such evaluation shall include an analysis 
                of activities that are most and least effective in 
                keeping students on track to graduate.
                    ``(B) Evaluations to the secretary.--Each State 
                shall send a report on the evaluations conducted under 
                subparagraph (A) to the Secretary.
            ``(2) State evaluations.--The Secretary shall evaluate the 
        effectiveness of programs implemented by each State that 
        receives a grant under this section.
            ``(3) Reports to congress.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide an 
                annual report to the Committee on Health, Education, 
                Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Education and the Workforce of the House of 
                Representatives that--
                            ``(i) describes the activities carried out 
                        by States awarded grants under this section; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) provides an analysis of which 
                        interventions are most and least effective in 
                        ensuring that students remain on track to 
                        graduate on time from high school.
                    ``(B) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall 
                disseminate the reports described in subparagraph (A) 
                to all States and to the public through the website of 
                the Department.''.
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