Text: S.1690 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 113th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
[S. 1690 Reported in Senate (RS)]

                                                       Calendar No. 580
113th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 1690

             To reauthorize the Second Chance Act of 2007.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           November 13, 2013

  Mr. Leahy (for himself, Mr. Portman, Mr. Durbin, Ms. Klobuchar, Mr. 
   Franken, Mr. Murphy, Mr. Brown, Ms. Landrieu, Mr. Menendez, Mrs. 
Gillibrand, Mr. King, Ms. Ayotte, Mr. Kaine, Mr. Wyden, Mr. Blumenthal, 
  Mr. Rubio, Mr. Whitehouse, Mr. Booker, Mr. Coons, Ms. Collins, Ms. 
Hirono, and Mr. Schumer) introduced the following bill; which was read 
          twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

                            October 1, 2014

 Reported, under authority of the order of the Senate of September 18, 
                  2014, by Mr. Leahy, with amendments
  [Omit the part struck through and insert the part printed in italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
             To reauthorize the Second Chance Act of 2007.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Second Chance Reauthorization Act of 
2013''.

SEC. 2. IMPROVEMENTS TO EXISTING PROGRAMS.

    (a) Reauthorization of Adult and Juvenile Offender State and Local 
Demonstration Projects.--Section 2976 of title I of the Omnibus Crime 
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Grant Authorization.--The Attorney General shall make grants 
to States, local governments, territories, or Indian tribes, or any 
combination thereof (in this section referred to as an `eligible 
entity'), in partnership with interested persons (including Federal 
corrections and supervision agencies), services providers, and 
nonprofit organizations for the purpose of strategic planning and 
implementation of adult and juvenile offender reentry projects.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or reentry 
                courts,'' after ``community,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) promoting employment opportunities consistent with 
        the Transitional Jobs strategy (as defined in section 4 of the 
        Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17502)).'';
            (3) by striking subsections (d), (e), and (f) and inserting 
        the following:
    ``(d) Combined Grant Application; Priority Consideration.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Attorney General shall develop a 
        procedure to allow applicants to submit a single application 
        for a planning grant under subsection (e) and an implementation 
        grant under subsection (f).
            ``(2) Priority consideration.--The Attorney General shall 
        give priority consideration to grant applications under 
        subsections (e) and (f) that include a commitment by the 
        applicant to partner with a local evaluator to identify and 
        analyze data that will--
                    ``(A) enable the grantee to target the intended 
                offender population; and
                    ``(B) serve as a baseline for purposes of the 
                evaluation.
    ``(e) Planning Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        Attorney General may make a grant to an eligible entity of not 
        more than $75,000 to develop a strategic, collaborative plan 
        for an adult or juvenile offender reentry demonstration project 
        as described in subsection (h) that includes--
                    ``(A) a budget and a budget justification;
                    ``(B) a description of the outcome measures that 
                will be used to measure the effectiveness of the 
                program in promoting public safety and public health;
                    ``(C) the activities proposed;
                    ``(D) a schedule for completion of the activities 
                described in subparagraph (C); and
                    ``(E) a description of the personnel necessary to 
                complete the activities described in subparagraph (C).
            ``(2) Maximum total grants and geographic diversity.--
                    ``(A) Maximum amount.--The Attorney General may not 
                make planning grants and implementation grants to 1 
                eligible entity in a total amount that is more than a 
                $1,000,000.
                    ``(B) Geographic diversity.--The Attorney General 
                shall make every effort to ensure equitable geographic 
                distribution of grants under this section and take into 
                consideration the needs of underserved populations, 
                including rural and tribal communities.
            ``(3) Period of grant.--A planning grant made under this 
        subsection shall be for a period of not longer than 1 year, 
        beginning on the first day of the month in which the planning 
        grant is made.
    ``(f) Implementation Grants.--
            ``(1) Applications.--An eligible entity desiring an 
        implementation grant under this subsection shall submit to the 
        Attorney General an application that--
                    ``(A) contains a reentry strategic plan as 
                described in subsection (h), which describes the long-
                term strategy and incorporates a detailed 
                implementation schedule, including the plans of the 
                applicant to fund the program after Federal funding is 
                discontinued;
                    ``(B) identifies the local government role and the 
                role of governmental agencies and nonprofit 
                organizations that will be coordinated by, and that 
                will collaborate on, the offender reentry strategy of 
                the applicant, and certifies the involvement of such 
                agencies and organizations;
                    ``(C) describes the evidence-based methodology and 
                outcome measures that will be used to evaluate the 
                program funded with a grant under this subsection, and 
                specifically explains how such measurements will 
                provide valid measures of the impact of that program; 
                and
                    ``(D) describes how the project could be broadly 
                replicated if demonstrated to be effective.
            ``(2) Requirements.--The Attorney General may make a grant 
        to an applicant under this subsection only if the application--
                    ``(A) reflects explicit support of the chief 
                executive officer, or their designee, of the State, 
                unit of local government, territory, or Indian tribe 
                applying for a grant under this subsection;
                    ``(B) provides extensive discussion of the role of 
                Federal corrections, State corrections departments, 
                community corrections agencies, juvenile justice 
                systems, and tribal or local jail systems in ensuring 
                successful reentry of offenders into their communities;
                    ``(C) provides extensive evidence of collaboration 
                with State and local government agencies overseeing 
                health, housing, child welfare, education, substance 
                abuse, victims services, and employment services, and 
                with local law enforcement agencies;
                    ``(D) provides a plan for analysis of the 
                statutory, regulatory, rules-based, and practice-based 
                hurdles to reintegration of offenders into the 
                community;
                    ``(E) includes the use of a State, local, 
                territorial, or tribal task force, described in 
                subsection (i), to carry out the activities funded 
                under the grant;
                    ``(F) provides a plan for continued collaboration 
                with a local evaluator as necessary to meeting the 
                requirements under subsection (h); and
                    ``(G) demonstrates that the applicant participated 
                in the planning grant process or engaged in comparable 
                planning for the reentry project.
            ``(3) Priority considerations.--The Attorney General shall 
        give priority to grant applications under this subsection that 
        best--
                    ``(A) focus initiative on geographic areas with a 
                disproportionate population of offenders released from 
                prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities;
                    ``(B) include--
                            ``(i) input from nonprofit organizations, 
                        in any case where relevant input is available 
                        and appropriate to the grant application;
                            ``(ii) consultation with crime victims and 
                        offenders who are released from prisons, jails, 
                        and juvenile facilities;
                            ``(iii) coordination with families of 
                        offenders;
                            ``(iv) input, where appropriate, from the 
                        juvenile justice coordinating council of the 
                        region;
                            ``(v) input, where appropriate, from the 
                        reentry coordinating council of the region; and
                            ``(vi) other interested persons, as 
                        appropriate;
                    ``(C) demonstrate effective case assessment and 
                management abilities in order to provide comprehensive 
                and continuous reentry, including--
                            ``(i) planning for prerelease transitional 
                        housing and community release that begins upon 
                        admission for juveniles and jail inmates, and, 
                        as appropriate, for prison inmates, depending 
                        on the length of the sentence;
                            ``(ii) establishing prerelease planning 
                        procedures to ensure that the eligibility of an 
                        offender for Federal, tribal, or State benefits 
                        upon release is established prior to release, 
                        subject to any limitations in law, and to 
                        ensure that offenders obtain all necessary 
                        referrals for reentry services, including 
                        assistance identifying and securing suitable 
                        housing; and
                            ``(iii) delivery of continuous and 
                        appropriate mental health services, drug 
                        treatment, medical care, job training and 
                        placement, educational services, vocational 
                        services, and any other service or support 
                        needed for reentry;
                    ``(D) review the process by which the applicant 
                adjudicates violations of parole, probation, or 
                supervision following release from prison, jail, or a 
                juvenile facility, taking into account public safety 
                and the use of graduated, community-based sanctions for 
                minor and technical violations of parole, probation, or 
                supervision (specifically those violations that are not 
                otherwise, and independently, a violation of law);
                    ``(E) provide for an independent evaluation of 
                reentry programs that include, to the maximum extent 
                possible, random assignment and controlled studies to 
                determine the effectiveness of such programs;
                    ``(F) target moderate and high-risk offenders for 
                reentry programs through validated assessment tools; 
                and
                    ``(G) target offenders with histories of 
                homelessness, substance abuse, or mental illness, 
                including a prerelease assessment of the housing status 
                of the offender and behavioral health needs of the 
                offender with clear coordination with mental health, 
                substance abuse, and homelessness services systems to 
                achieve stable and permanent housing outcomes with 
                appropriate support service.
            ``(4) Amount.--The amount of a grant made under this 
        subsection may not be more than $925,000.
            ``(5) Period of grant.--A grant made under this subsection 
        shall be effective for a 2-year period--
                    ``(A) beginning on the date on which the planning 
                grant awarded under subsection (e) concludes; or
                    ``(B) in the case of an implementation grant 
                awarded to an eligible entity that did not receive a 
                planning grant, beginning on the date on which the 
                implementation grant is awarded.'';
            (4) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--As a condition of receiving financial 
        assistance under subsection (f), each application shall develop 
        a comprehensive reentry strategic plan that--
                    ``(A) contains a plan to assess inmate reentry 
                needs and measurable annual and 3-year performance 
                outcomes;
                    ``(B) uses, to the maximum extent possible, 
                randomly assigned and controlled studies, or rigorous 
                quasi-experimental studies with matched comparison 
                groups, to determine the effectiveness of the program 
                funded with a grant under subsection (f); and
                    ``(C) includes as a goal of the plan to reduce the 
                rate of recidivism for offenders released from prison, 
                jail or a juvenile facility with funds made available 
                under subsection (f).
            ``(2) Local evaluator.--A partnership with a local 
        evaluator described in subsection (d)(2) shall require the 
        local evaluator to use the baseline data and target population 
        characteristics developed under a subsection (e) planning grant 
        to derive a feasible and meaningful target goal for recidivism 
        reduction during the 3-year period beginning on the date of 
        implementation of the program.'';
            (5) in subsection (i)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``under this section'' and inserting ``under 
                subsection (f)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``subsection 
                (e)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection (f)(2)(D)'';
            (6) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``for an 
                implementation grant under subsection (f)'' after 
                ``applicant'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``, 
                        where appropriate'' after ``support''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraphs (F), (G), 
                        and (H), and inserting the following:
                    ``(F) increased number of staff trained to 
                administer reentry services;
                    ``(G) increased proportion of individuals served by 
                the program among those eligible to receive services;
                    ``(H) increased number of individuals receiving 
                risk screening needs assessment, and case planning 
                services;
                    ``(I) increased enrollment in, and completion of 
                treatment services, including substance abuse and 
                mental health services among those assessed as needing 
                such services;
                    ``(J) increased enrollment in and degrees earned 
                from educational programs, including high school, GED, 
                vocational training, and college education;
                    ``(K) increased number of individuals obtaining and 
                retaining employment;
                    ``(L) increased number of individuals obtaining and 
                maintaining housing;
                    ``(M) increased self-reports of successful 
                community living, including stability of living 
                situation and positive family relationships;
                    ``(N) reduction in drug and alcohol use; and
                    ``(O) reduction in recidivism rates for individuals 
                receiving reentry services after release, as compared 
                to either baseline recidivism rates in the jurisdiction 
                of the grantee or recidivism rates of the control or 
                comparison group.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``facilities.'' 
                and inserting ``facilities, including a cost-benefit 
                analysis to determine the cost effectiveness of the 
                reentry program.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``this section'' 
                and inserting ``subsection (f)''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (5), by striking ``this section'' 
                and inserting ``subsection (f)'';
            (7) in subsection (k)(1), by striking ``this section'' each 
        place the term appears and inserting ``subsection (f)'';
            (8) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``beginning on 
                the date on which the most recent implementation grant 
                is made to the grantee under subsection (f)'' after 
                ``2-year period''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``over a 2-year 
                period'' and inserting ``during the 2-year period 
                described in paragraph (2)'';
            (9) in subsection (o)(1), by striking ``appropriated'' and 
        all that follows and inserting the following: ``appropriated 
        $35,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018.''; and
            (10) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(p) Definition.--In this section, the term `reentry court' means 
a program that--
            ``(1) monitors juvenile and adult eligible offenders 
        reentering the community;
            ``(2) provides continual judicial supervision;
            ``(3) provides juvenile and adult eligible offenders 
        reentering the community with coordinated and comprehensive 
        reentry services and programs, such as--
                    ``(A) drug and alcohol testing and assessment for 
                treatment;
                    ``(B) assessment for substance abuse from a 
                substance abuse professional who is approved by the 
                State or Indian tribe and licensed by the appropriate 
                entity to provide alcohol and drug addiction treatment, 
                as appropriate;
                    ``(C) substance abuse treatment from a provider 
                that is approved by the State or Indian tribe, and 
                licensed, if necessary, to provide medical and other 
                health services;
                    ``(D) health (including mental health) services and 
                assessment;
                    ``(E) aftercare and case management services that--
                            ``(i) facilitate access to clinical care 
                        and related health services; and
                            ``(ii) coordinate with such clinical care 
                        and related health services; and
                    ``(F) any other services needed for reentry;
            ``(4) convenes community impact panels, victim impact 
        panels, or victim impact educational classes;
            ``(5) provides and coordinates the delivery of community 
        services to juvenile and adult eligible offenders, including--
                    ``(A) housing assistance;
                    ``(B) education;
                    ``(C) job training;
                    ``(D) conflict resolution skills training;
                    ``(E) batterer intervention programs; and
                    ``(F) other appropriate social services; and
            ``(6) establishes and implements graduated sanctions and 
        incentives.''.
    (b) Grants for Family-Based Substance Abuse Treatment.--Part DD of 
title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 
U.S.C. 3797s et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 2921 (42 U.S.C. 3797s), in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``nonprofit 
        organizations,'' before ``and Indian'';
            (2) in section 2923 (42 U.S.C. 3797s-2), by adding at the 
        end the following:
    ``(c) Priority Considerations.--The Attorney General shall give 
priority consideration to grant applications for grants under section 
2921 that are submitted by a nonprofit organization that demonstrates a 
relationship with State and local criminal justice agencies, 
including--
            ``(1) within the judiciary and prosecutorial agencies; or
            ``(2) with the local corrections agencies, which shall be 
        documented by a written agreement that details the terms of 
        access to facilities and participants and provides information 
        on the history of the organization of working with correctional 
        populations.''; and
            (3) by striking section 2926(a) (42 U.S.C. 3797s-5(a)), and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry 
out this part $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018.''.
    (c) Grant Program To Evaluate and Improve Educational Methods at 
Prisons, Jails, and Juvenile Facilities.--Title I of the Omnibus Crime 
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating part KK (42 U.S.C. 3797ee et seq.) as 
        part LL;
            (2) by redesignating the second part designated as part JJ, 
        as added by the Second Chance Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-199; 
        122 Stat. 677), relating to grants to evaluate and improve 
        educational methods, as part KK;
            (3) by redesignating the second section designated as 
        section 3001 and section 3002 (42 U.S.C. 3797dd and 3797dd-1), 
        as added by the Second Chance Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-199; 
        122 Stat. 677), relating to grants to evaluate and improve 
        educational methods, as sections 3005 and 3006, respectively;
            (4) in section 3005, as so redesignated--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                            (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) implement methods to improve academic and vocational 
        education for offenders in prisons, jails, and juvenile 
        facilities consistent with the best practices identified in 
        subsection (c).'';
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (d); and
                    (C) by inserting after subsection (b), the 
                following:
    ``(c) Best Practices.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of the Second Chance Reauthorization Act of 2013, the 
Attorney General shall identify and publish best practices relating to 
academic and vocational education for offenders in prisons, jails, and 
juvenile facilities. The best practices shall consider the evaluations 
performed and recommendations made under grants made under subsection 
(a) before the date of enactment of the Second Chance Reauthorization 
Act of 2013.''; and
            (5) in section 3006, as so redesignated, by striking ``to 
        carry'' and all that follows through ``2010'' and inserting 
        ``for each of fiscal years 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018 for 
        grants for purposes described in section 3005(a)(4)''.
    (d) Careers Training Demonstration Grants.--Section 115 of the 
Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17511) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``and Indian'' and inserting 
                ``nonprofit organizations, and Indian''; and
                    (B) by striking ``technology career training to 
                prisoners'' and inserting ``career training, including 
                subsidized employment, when part of a training program, 
                to prisoners and reentering youth and adults'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``technology careers training'';
                    (B) by striking ``technology-based''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``, as well as upon transition and 
                reentry into the community'' after ``facility'';
            (3) by striking subsections (c) and (e);
            (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Priority Consideration.--Priority consideration shall be 
given to any application under this section that--
            ``(1) provides assessment of local demand for employees in 
        the geographic areas to which offenders are likely to return;
            ``(2) conducts individualized reentry career planning upon 
        the start of incarceration or post-release employment planning 
        for each offender served under the grant;
            ``(3) demonstrates connections to employers within the 
        local community; or
            ``(4) tracks and monitors employment outcomes.''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018.''.
    (e) Offender Reentry Substance Abuse and Criminal Justice 
Collaboration Program.--Section 201(f)(1) of the Second Chance Act of 
2007 (42 U.S.C. 17521(f)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
        to carry out this section $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2014 through 2018.''.
    (f) Community-Based Mentoring and Transitional Service Grants to 
Nonprofit Organizations.--
            (1) In general.--Section 211 of the Second Chance Act of 
        2007 (42 U.S.C. 17531) is amended--
                    (A) in the header, by striking ``mentoring grants 
                to nonprofit organizations'' and inserting ``community-
                based mentoring and transitional service grants to 
                nonprofit organizations'';
                    (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``mentoring and 
                other'';
                    (C) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) 
                and inserting the following:
            ``(2) transitional services to assist in the reintegration 
        of offenders into the community, including--
                    ``(A) educational, literacy, and vocational, 
                services and the Transitional Jobs strategy;
                    ``(B) substance abuse treatment and services;
                    ``(C) coordinated supervision and comprehensive 
                services for offenders, including housing and mental 
                and physical health care;
                    ``(D) family services; and
                    ``(E) validated assessment tools to assess the risk 
                factors of returning inmates; and''; and
                    (D) in subsection (f), by striking ``this section'' 
                and all that follows and inserting the following: 
                ``this section $15,000,000 for fiscal years 2014 
                through 2018.''.
            (2) Table of contents amendment.--The table of contents in 
        section 2 of the Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17501 
        note Public Law 110-199; 122 Stat. 657) is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 211 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 211. Community-based mentoring and transitional service 
                            grants.''.
    (g) Definitions.--
            (1) In general.--Section 4 of the Second Chance Act of 2007 
        (42 U.S.C. 17502) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this Act--
            ``(1) the term `exoneree' means an individual who--
                    ``(A) has been convicted of a Federal, tribal, or 
                State offense that is punishable by a term of 
                imprisonment of more than 1 year;
                    ``(B) has served a term of imprisonment for not 
                less than 6 months in a Federal, tribal, or State 
                prison or correctional facility as a result of the 
                conviction described in subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(C) has been determined to be factually innocent 
                of the offense described in subparagraph (A);
            ``(2) the term `Indian tribe' has the meaning given in 
        section 901 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act 
        of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3791);
            ``(3) the term `offender' includes an exoneree; and
            ``(4) the term `Transitional Jobs strategy' means an 
        employment strategy for youth and adults who are chronically 
        unemployed or those that have barriers to employment that--
                    ``(A) is conducted by State, tribal, and local 
                governments, State, tribal, and local workforce boards, 
                and nonprofit organizations;
                    ``(B) provides time-limited employment using 
                individual placements, team placements, and social 
                enterprise placements, without displacing existing 
                employees;
                    ``(C) pays wages in accordance with applicable law, 
                but in no event less than the higher of the rate 
                specified in section 6(a)(1) of the Fair Labor 
                Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 206(a)(1)) or the 
                applicable State or local minimum wage law, which are 
                subsidized, in whole or in part, by public funds;
                    ``(D) combines time-limited employment with 
                activities that promote skill development, remove 
                barriers to employment, and lead to unsubsidized 
                employment such as a thorough orientation and 
                individual assessment, job readiness and life skills 
                training, case management and supportive services, 
                adult education and training, child support-related 
                services, job retention support and incentives, and 
                other similar activities;
                    ``(E) places participants into unsubsidized 
                employment; and
                    ``(F) provides job retention, re-employment 
                services, and continuing and vocational education to 
                ensure continuing participation in unsubsidized 
                employment and identification of opportunities for 
                advancement.''.
            (2) Table of contents amendment.--The table of contents in 
        section 2 of the Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17501 
        note Public Law 110-199; 122 Stat. 657) is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 4 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 4. Definitions.''.
    (h) Extension of the Length of Section 2976 Grants.--Section 6(1) 
of the Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17504(1)) is amended by 
striking ``211, and 212'' and inserting ``and 211 or under section 2976 
of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 
(42 U.S.C. 3797w)''  after ``and 212''.

SEC. 3. AUDIT AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF GRANTEES.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``unresolved audit 
finding'' means an audit report finding or recommendation that a 
grantee has used grant funds for an unauthorized expenditure or 
otherwise unallowable cost that is not closed or resolved during a 1-
year period beginning on the date of an initial notification of the 
finding or recommendation.
    (b) Audit Requirement.--Beginning in fiscal year 2013, and every 3 
years thereafter, the Inspector General of the Department of Justice 
shall conduct an audit of not less than 5 percent of all grantees that 
are awarded funding under--
            (1) section 2976(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control 
        and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w(b));
        <DELETED>    (2) part CC of title I of the Omnibus Crime 
        Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797q et seq.), 
        as amended by this Act;</DELETED>
            (32) part DD of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
        Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797s et seq.);
            (43) part JJ of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
        Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797dd et seq.); or
            (54) section 115, 201, or 211 of the Second Chance Act of 
        2007 (42 U.S.C. 17511, 17521, and 17531).
    (c) Mandatory Exclusion.--A grantee that is found to have an 
unresolved audit finding under an audit conducted under subsection (b) 
may not receive grant funds under the grant programs described in 
paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (b) in the fiscal year 
following the fiscal year to which the finding relates.
    (d) Priority of Grant Awards.--The Attorney General, in awarding 
grants under the programs described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of 
subsection (b) shall give priority to eligible entities that during the 
2-year period preceding the application for a grant have not been found 
to have an unresolved audit finding.
    (e) Prohibition on Lobbying Activity.--
            (1) In general.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out a grant program described in paragraphs (1) through 
        (5) of subsection (b) may not be used by any grant recipient 
        to--
                    (A) lobby any representative of the Department of 
                Justice regarding the award of grant funding; or
                    (B) lobby any representative of a Federal, State, 
                local, or tribal government regarding the award of 
                grant funding.
            (2) Penalty.--If the Attorney General determines that any 
        recipient of a grant under this Act has violated paragraph (1), 
        the Attorney General shall--
                    (A) require the grant recipient to repay the grant 
                in full; and
                    (B) prohibit the grant recipient from receiving 
                another grant under any grant program described in 
                paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (b) for not 
                less than 5 years.

SEC. 4. FEDERAL REENTRY IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) Responsible Reintegration of Offenders.--Section 212 of the 
Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17532) is repealed.
    (b) Federal Prisoner Reentry Initiative.--Section 231 of the Second 
Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17541) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``carried out 
                during fiscal years 2009 and 2010'' and inserting 
                ``carried out during fiscal years 2014 through 2018''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (5)(A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``65 years'' 
                        and inserting ``60 years''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``or 75 
                        percent'' and inserting ``or \2/3\'';
            (2) by striking subsection (h);
            (3) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (h); and
            (4) in subsection (h), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``2009 and 2010'' and inserting ``2014 through 2018''.
    (c) Enhancing Reporting Requirements Pertaining to Community 
Corrections.--Section 3624(c) of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (5), in the second sentence, by inserting 
        ``, and number of prisoners not being placed in community 
        corrections facilities for each reason set forth'' before ``, 
        and any other information''; and
            (2) in paragraph (6), by striking ``the Second Chance Act 
        of 2007'' and inserting ``the Second Chance Reauthorization Act 
        of 2013''.
    (d) Termination of Study on Effectiveness of Depot Naltrexone for 
Heroin Addiction.--Section 244 of the Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 
U.S.C. 17554) is repealed.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations for Research.--Section 245 of 
the Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17555) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``243, and 244'' and inserting ``and 243''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``$10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 
        2009 and 2010'' and inserting ``$5,000,000 for each of the 
        fiscal years 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018''.
    (f) Federal Prisoner Recidivism Reduction Programming 
Enhancement.--
            (1) In general.--Section 3621 of title 18, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
                (h); and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (f) the 
                following:
    ``(g) Partnerships To Expand Access to Reentry Programs Proven To 
Reduce Recidivism.--
            ``(1) Definition.--The term `demonstrated to reduce 
        recidivism' means that the Director of Bureau of Prisons has 
        determined that appropriate research has been conducted and has 
        validated the effectiveness of the type of program on 
        recidivism.
            ``(2) Eligibility for recidivism reduction partnership.--A 
        faith-based or community-based nonprofit organization that 
        provides mentoring or other programs that have been 
        demonstrated to reduce recidivism is eligible to enter into a 
        recidivism reduction partnership with a prison or community-
        based facility operated by the Bureau of Prisons.
            ``(3) Recidivism reduction partnerships.--The Director of 
        the Bureau of Prisons shall develop policies to require wardens 
        of prisons and community-based facilities to enter into 
        recidivism reduction partnerships with faith-based and 
        community-based nonprofit organizations that are willing to 
        provide, on a volunteer basis, programs described in paragraph 
        (2).
            ``(4) Reporting requirement.--The Director of the Bureau of 
        Prisons shall submit to Congress an annual report on the last 
        day of each fiscal year that--
                    ``(A) details, for each prison and community-based 
                facility for the fiscal year just ended--
                            ``(i) the number of recidivism reduction 
                        partnerships under this section that were in 
                        effect;
                            ``(ii) the number of volunteers that 
                        provided recidivism reduction programming; and
                            ``(iii) the number of recidivism reduction 
                        programming hours provided; and
                    ``(B) explains any disparities between facilities 
                in the numbers reported under subparagraph (A).''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendments made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect 180 days after the date of enactment of this 
        Act.
    (g) Repeals.--
            (1) Section 2978 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control 
        and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w-2) is repealed.
            (2) Part CC of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and 
        Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797q et seq.) is repealed.

SEC. 5. TASK FORCE ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES RELATING TO 
              REENTRY OF OFFENDERS.

    (a) Task Force Required.--The Attorney General, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the Secretary of 
Labor, the Secretary of Education, the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the Secretary of 
Agriculture, and the heads of such other agencies of the Federal 
Government as the Attorney General considers appropriate, and in 
collaboration with interested persons, service providers, nonprofit 
organizations, States, tribal, and local governments, shall establish 
an interagency task force on Federal programs and activities relating 
to the reentry of offenders into the community (referred to in this 
section as the ``Task Force'').
    (b) Duties.--The Task Force shall--
            (1) identify such programs and activities that may be 
        resulting in overlap or duplication of services, the scope of 
        such overlap or duplication, and the relationship of such 
        overlap and duplication to public safety, public health, and 
        effectiveness and efficiency;
            (2) identify methods to improve collaboration and 
        coordination of such programs and activities;
            (3) identify areas of responsibility in which improved 
        collaboration and coordination of such programs and activities 
        would result in increased effectiveness or efficiency;
            (4) develop innovative interagency or intergovernmental 
        programs, activities, or procedures that would improve outcomes 
        of reentering offenders and children of offenders;
            (5) develop methods for increasing regular communication 
        among agencies that would increase interagency program 
        effectiveness;
            (6) identify areas of research that can be coordinated 
        across agencies with an emphasis on applying evidence-based 
        practices to support, treatment, and intervention programs for 
        reentering offenders;
            (7) identify funding areas that should be coordinated 
        across agencies and any gaps in funding; and
            (8) in collaboration with the National Adult and Juvenile 
        Offender Reentry Resources Center, identify successful programs 
        currently operating and collect best practices in offender 
        reentry from demonstration grantees and other agencies and 
        organizations, determine the extent to which such programs and 
        practices can be replicated, and make information on such 
        programs and practices available to States, localities, 
        nonprofit organizations, and others.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Task Force shall submit a 
        report, including recommendations, to Congress on barriers to 
        reentry.
            (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall identify Federal and other barriers to successful reentry 
        of offenders into the community and analyze the effects of such 
        barriers on offenders and on children and other family members 
        of offenders, including--
                    (A) admissions and evictions from Federal housing 
                programs;
                    (B) child support obligations and procedures;
                    (C) Social Security benefits, veterans benefits, 
                food stamps, and other forms of Federal public 
                assistance;
                    (D) Medicaid Program and Medicare Program 
                procedures, requirements, regulations, and guidelines;
                    (E) education programs, financial assistance, and 
                full civic participation;
                    (F) Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program 
                funding criteria and other welfare benefits;
                    (G) employment and training;
                    (H) reentry procedures, case planning, and 
                transitions of persons from the custody of the Federal 
                Bureau of Prisons to a Federal parole or probation 
                program or community corrections;
                    (I) laws, regulations, rules, and practices that 
                may require a parolee to return to the same county that 
                they were living in before their arrest and therefore 
                prevent offenders from changing their setting upon 
                release; and
                    (J) trying to establish pre-release planning 
                procedures for prisoners to ensure that a prisoner's 
                eligibility for Federal or State benefits (including 
                Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security and veterans 
                benefits) upon release is established prior to release, 
                subject to any limitations in law, and to ensure that 
                prisoners are provided with referrals to appropriate 
                social and health services or are referred to 
                appropriate nonprofit organizations.
    (d) Updated Reports.--On an annual basis, the Task Force shall 
submit to Congress an updated report on the activities of the Task 
Force, including specific recommendations on issues described in 
subsections (b) and (c).

SEC. 6. PROTECTING IMPORTANT FUNDING FOR CRIME VICTIMS AND LAW 
              ENFORCEMENT.

    Section 8(e)(1) of the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (42 
U.S.C. 15607(e)(1)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Limitation.--
                            ``(i) Violence against women act.--For 
                        purposes of this subsection, a grant program 
                        shall not be considered to be covered by this 
                        subsection if the program is administered by 
                        the Office of Violence Against Women.
                            ``(ii) Delay.--During the 4-year period 
                        beginning on the date of enactment of the 
                        Second Chance Reauthorization Act of 2013, for 
                        purposes of this subsection, a grant program 
                        shall not be considered to be covered by this 
                        subsection if the program is funded under 
                        subpart 1 of part E of title I of the Omnibus 
                        Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 
                        U.S.C. 3750 et seq.) or section 221 of the 
                        Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act 
                        of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5631), except for the 
                        portion of funds used toward the construction, 
                        administration, or operations of a police 
                        lockup, jail, prison, or other detention 
                        facility.
                            ``(iii) Applicability to funds.--No funds 
                        appropriated to programs described in clause 
                        (i) or (ii), including any funds appropriated 
                        before the date of enactment of the Second 
                        Chance Reauthorization Act of 2013 that remain 
                        available for obligation as of such date of 
                        enactment, may be reduced under this 
                        section.''.
                                                       Calendar No. 580

113th CONGRESS

  2d Session

                                S. 1690

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

             To reauthorize the Second Chance Act of 2007.

_______________________________________________________________________

                            October 1, 2014

                        Reported with amendments