Text: S.2254 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)All Bill Information (Except Text)

There is one version of the bill.

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Introduced in Senate (04/10/2014)


113th CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 2254


To amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to enhance the COPS ON THE BEAT grant program, and for other purposes.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

April 10, 2014

Ms. Klobuchar (for herself, Mr. Schumer, Mr. Leahy, Mr. Whitehouse, Mr. Franken, Mr. Booker, Mr. Casey, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Markey, and Mr. Merkley) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to enhance the COPS ON THE BEAT grant program, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “COPS Improvements Act of 2014”.

SEC. 2. COPS grant improvements.

(a) In general.—Section 1701 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd) is amended—

(1) by striking subsection (c);

(2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);

(3) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

“(a) The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.—

“(1) OFFICE.—There is within the Department of Justice, under the general authority of the Attorney General, a separate and distinct office to be known as the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (referred to in this subsection as the ‘COPS Office’).

“(2) DIRECTOR.—The COPS Office shall be headed by a Director who shall—

“(A) be appointed by the Attorney General; and

“(B) have final authority over all grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts awarded by the COPS Office.

“(b) Grant authorization.—The Attorney General shall carry out grant programs under which the Attorney General makes grants to States, units of local government, Indian tribal governments, other public and private entities, and multi-jurisdictional or regional consortia for the purposes described in subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f).”;

(4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated—

(A) in the heading, by striking “uses of grant amounts.—” and inserting “Community policing and crime prevention grants.—”;

(B) in paragraph (3), by striking “, to increase the number of officers deployed in community-oriented policing”;

(C) in paragraph (4), by inserting “or train” after “pay for”;

(D) by striking paragraph (9);

(E) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (8) as paragraphs (6) through (9), respectively;

(F) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:

“(5) award grants to hire school resource officers and to establish school-based partnerships between local law enforcement agencies and local school systems to combat crime, gangs, drug activities, and other problems in and around elementary and secondary schools;”;

(G) by striking paragraph (13);

(H) by redesignating paragraphs (14), (15), and (16) as paragraphs (13), (14), and (15), respectively;

(I) in paragraph (15), as so redesignated, by striking “and” at the end;

(J) by redesignating paragraph (17) as paragraph (18);

(K) by inserting after paragraph (15), as so redesignated, the following:

“(16) establish and implement innovative programs to reduce and prevent illegal drug manufacturing, distribution, and use, including the manufacturing, distribution, and use of methamphetamine;

“(17) award enhancing community policing and crime prevention grants that meet emerging law enforcement needs, as warranted; and”; and

(L) in paragraph (18), as so redesignated, by striking “through (16)” and inserting “through (17)”;

(5) by striking subsections (h) and (i);

(6) by redesignating subsections (j) and (k) as subsections (k) and (l), respectively;

(7) by redesignating subsections (d) through (g) as subsections (g) through (j), respectively;

(8) by inserting after subsection (c), as so redesignated, the following:

“(d) Troops-to-Cops programs.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—Grants made under subsection (b) may be used to hire former members of the Armed Forces to serve as career law enforcement officers for deployment in community-oriented policing, particularly in communities that are adversely affected by a recent military base closing.

“(2) DEFINITION.—In this subsection, ‘former member of the Armed Forces’ means a member of the Armed Forces of the United States who is involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces within the meaning of section 1141 of title 10, United States Code.

“(e) Community prosecutors program.—The Attorney General may make grants under subsection (b) to pay for additional community prosecuting programs, including programs that assign prosecutors to—

“(1) handle cases from specific geographic areas; and

“(2) address counter-terrorism problems, specific violent crime problems (including intensive illegal gang, gun, and drug enforcement and quality of life initiatives), and localized violent and other crime problems based on needs identified by local law enforcement agencies, community organizations, and others.

“(f) Technology grants.—The Attorney General may make grants under subsection (b) to develop and use new technologies (including interoperable communications technologies, modernized criminal record technology, and forensic technology) to assist State and local law enforcement agencies in reorienting the emphasis of their activities from reacting to crime to preventing crime and to train law enforcement officers to use such technologies.”;

(9) in subsection (g), as so redesignated—

(A) in paragraph (1), by striking “to States, units of local government, Indian tribal governments, and to other public and private entities,”;

(B) in paragraph (2), by striking “define for State and local governments, and other public and private entities,” and inserting “establish”; and

(C) in the first sentence of paragraph (3), by inserting “(including regional community policing institutes)” after “training centers or facilities”;

(10) in subsection (i), as so redesignated—

(A) by striking “subsection (a)” the first place that term appears and inserting “paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (c)”; and

(B) by striking “in each fiscal year pursuant to subsection (a)” and inserting “in each fiscal year for purposes described in paragraph (1) and (2) of subsection (c)”;

(11) in subsection (j), as so redesignated—

(A) by striking “subsection (a)” and inserting “subsection (b)”; and

(B) by striking the second sentence;

(12) in subsection (k), as so redesignated—

(A) in paragraph (1)—

(i) by striking “subsection (i) and”; and

(ii) by striking “subsection (b)” and inserting “subsection (c)”; and

(B) in paragraph (4), by striking “2015” and inserting “2019”; and

(13) by adding at the end the following:

“(m) Retention of additional officer positions.—For any grant under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (c) for hiring or rehiring career law enforcement officers, a grant recipient shall retain each additional law enforcement officer position created under that grant for not less than 12 months after the end of the period of that grant, unless the Attorney General waives, wholly or in part, the retention requirement of a program, project, or activity.”.

(b) Applications.—Section 1702 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd–1) is amended—

(1) in subsection (c)—

(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting “, unless waived by the Attorney General” after “under this part shall”;

(B) by striking paragraph (8); and

(C) by redesignating paragraphs (9) through (11) as paragraphs (8) through (10), respectively; and

(2) by striking subsection (d).

(c) Renewal of grants.—Section 1703 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd–2) is amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 1703. Renewal of grants.

“(a) In general.—A grant made under this part may be renewed, without limitations on the duration of such renewal, to provide additional funds, if the Attorney General determines that the funds made available to the recipient were used in a manner required under an approved application and if the recipient can demonstrate significant progress in achieving the objectives of the initial application.

“(b) No cost extensions.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), the Attorney General may extend a grant period, without limitations as to the duration of such extension, to provide additional time to complete the objectives of the initial grant award.”.

(d) Limitation on use of funds.—Section 1704 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd–3) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a), by striking “that would, in the absence of Federal funds received under this part, be made available from State or local sources” and inserting “that the Attorney General determines would, in the absence of Federal funds received under this part, be made available for the purpose of the grant under this part from State or local sources”; and

(2) by striking subsection (c).

(e) Enforcement Actions.—Section 1706 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd–5) is amended—

(1) in the section heading, by striking “Revocation or suspension of funding” and inserting “Enforcement actions”; and

(2) by striking “revoke or suspend” and all that follows and inserting “take any enforcement action available to the Department of Justice.”.

(f) Definitions.—Section 1709(1) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd–8(1)) is amended—

(1) by striking “who is authorized” and inserting “who is a sworn law enforcement officer and is authorized”; and

(2) by inserting “, including officers for the Amtrak Police Department” before the period at the end.

(g) Authorization of appropriations.—Section 1001(a)(11) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(11)) is amended—

(1) in subparagraph (A), by striking “$1,047,119,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2009” and inserting “$900,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2019”; and

(2) in subparagraph (B)—

(A) in the first sentence—

(i) by striking “3 percent” and inserting “5 percent”; and

(ii) by striking “section 1701(d)” and inserting “section 1701(g)”; and

(B) by striking the second sentence and inserting the following: “Of the funds available for grants under part Q, not less than $500,000,000 shall be used for grants for the purposes specified in section 1701(c), not more than $150,000,000 shall be used for grants under section 1701(e), and not more than $250,000,000 shall be used for grants under section 1701(f).”.

(h) Purposes.—Section 10002 of the Public Safety Partnership and Community Policing Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd note) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (4), by striking “development” and inserting “use”; and

(2) in the matter following paragraph (4), by striking “for a period of 6 years”.

(i) COPS Program improvements.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 109(b) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3712h(b)) is amended—

(A) by striking paragraph (1);

(B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively; and

(C) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated, by inserting “, except for the program under part Q of this title” before the period.

(2) LAW ENFORCEMENT COMPUTER SYSTEMS.—Section 107 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3712f) is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(c) Exception.—This section shall not apply to any grant made under part Q of this title.”.