Text: S.2860 — 113th Congress (2013-2014)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in Senate (09/18/2014)


113th CONGRESS
2d Session
S. 2860


To authorize the Secretary of Education to make grants to support early college high schools and other dual or concurrent enrollment programs.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

September 18, 2014

Mr. Coons (for himself, Mr. Brown, Mr. Johnson of South Dakota, and Mrs. Hagan) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions


A BILL

To authorize the Secretary of Education to make grants to support early college high schools and other dual or concurrent enrollment programs.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Fast Track to College Act of 2014”.

SEC. 2. Purpose.

The purpose of this Act is to increase secondary school graduation rates and the percentage of students who complete a recognized postsecondary credential by the age of 26, including among low-income students and students from other populations underrepresented in higher education.

SEC. 3. Definitions.

In this Act:

(1) DUAL OR CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT PROGRAM.—The term “dual or concurrent enrollment program” means an academic program through which a secondary school student is able simultaneously to earn credit toward a secondary school diploma and a postsecondary degree or credential.

(2) EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL.—The term “early college high school” means a secondary school that provides a course of study that enables a student to earn a secondary school diploma and either an associate’s degree or 1 to 2 years of postsecondary credit toward a postsecondary degree or credential.

(3) EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AGENCY.—The term “educational service agency” has the meaning given such term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(4) ELIGIBLE ENTITY.—The term “eligible entity” means a partnership between a local educational agency, which may be an educational service agency, and an institution of higher education. Such partnership also may include other entities, such as a nonprofit organization with experience in youth development.

(5) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.—The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

(6) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY.—The term “local educational agency” has the meaning given such term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(7) LOW-INCOME STUDENT.—The term “low-income student” means a student described in section 1113(a)(5) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6313(a)(5)).

(8) SECRETARY.—The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Education.

SEC. 4. Authorization of appropriations; reservations.

(a) In general.—To carry out this Act, there are authorized to be appropriated $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2015 and such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.

(b) Early college high schools.—The Secretary shall reserve not less than 45 percent of the funds appropriated under subsection (a) to support early college high schools under section 5.

(c) Dual or concurrent enrollment programs.—The Secretary shall reserve not less than 45 percent of the funds appropriated under subsection (a) to support dual or concurrent enrollment programs (other than early college high schools) under section 5.

(d) State grants.—The Secretary shall reserve 10 percent of the funds appropriated under subsection (a), or $10,000,000, whichever is less, for grants to States under section 9.

SEC. 5. Authorized program.

(a) In general.—The Secretary is authorized to award 6-year grants to eligible entities seeking to establish a new, or support an existing, early college high school or other dual or concurrent enrollment program in accordance with section 6.

(b) Grant amount.—The Secretary shall ensure that grants are of sufficient size to enable grantees to carry out all required activities and otherwise meet the purposes of this Act, except that a grant under this section may not exceed $2,000,000.

(c) Matching requirement.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—An eligible entity shall contribute matching funds toward the costs of the early college high school or other dual or concurrent enrollment program to be supported under this section, of which not less than half shall be from non-Federal sources, which funds shall represent not less than the following:

(A) 20 percent of the grant amount received in each of the first and second years of the grant.

(B) 30 percent in each of the third and fourth years.

(C) 40 percent in the fifth year.

(D) 50 percent in the sixth year.

(2) DETERMINATION OF AMOUNT CONTRIBUTED.—The Secretary shall allow an eligible entity to satisfy the requirement of this subsection through in-kind contributions.

(d) Supplement, not supplant.—An eligible entity shall use a grant received under this section only to supplement funds that would, in the absence of such grant, be made available from non-Federal funds for support of the activities described in the eligible entity’s application under section 7, and not to supplant such funds.

(e) Priority.—In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to applicants—

(1) that propose to establish or support an early college high school or other dual or concurrent enrollment program that will serve a student population of which 40 percent or more are students counted under section 1113(a)(5) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6313(a)(5)); and

(2) from States that provide assistance to early college high schools or other dual or concurrent enrollment programs, such as assistance to defray the costs of higher education (including costs of tuition, fees, and textbooks).

(f) Geographic distribution.—The Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, ensure that grantees are from a representative cross-section of urban, suburban, and rural areas.

SEC. 6. Uses of funds.

(a) Mandatory activities.—An eligible entity shall use grant funds received under section 5 to support the activities described in its application under section 7, including the following:

(1) PLANNING YEAR.—In the case of a new early college high school or dual or concurrent enrollment program, during the first year of the grant—

(A) hiring a principal and staff, as appropriate;

(B) designing the curriculum and sequence of courses (which shall not be mandated, directed, or controlled by the Secretary or other officer or employee of the Federal Government) in collaboration with (at a minimum) teachers from the local educational agency and faculty from the partner institution of higher education;

(C) informing parents and the community about the school or program and opportunities to become actively involved in the school or program;

(D) establishing a course articulation process for defining and approving courses for secondary school and postsecondary credit or credential;

(E) outreach programs to ensure that secondary school students and their families are aware of the early college high school or dual or concurrent enrollment program;

(F) liaison activities among partners in the eligible entity; and

(G) coordinating secondary and postsecondary support services, academic calendars, and transportation.

(2) IMPLEMENTATION PERIOD.—During the remainder of the grant period—

(A) academic and social support services, including counseling;

(B) liaison activities among partners in the eligible entity;

(C) data collection and use of such data for student and instructional improvement and program evaluation;

(D) outreach programs to ensure that secondary school students and their families are aware of the early college high school or dual or concurrent enrollment program;

(E) professional development, including joint professional development for educators from the secondary school and faculty from the institution of higher education; and

(F) school or program design and planning team activities, including curriculum development.

(b) Allowable activities.—An eligible entity may also use grant funds received under section 5 otherwise to support the activities described in its application under section 7, including—

(1) purchasing textbooks and equipment that support the school or program’s curriculum;

(2) developing learning opportunities for students that complement classroom experiences, such as internships, career-based capstone projects, and opportunities provided under chapters 1 and 2 of subpart 2 of part A of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a–11 et seq.);

(3) transportation; and

(4) planning time for educators from a secondary school and educators from an institution of higher education to collaborate.

SEC. 7. Application.

(a) In general.—To receive a grant under section 5, an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and including such information as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(b) Contents of application.—At a minimum, the application described in subsection (a) shall include a description of—

(1) the budget of the early college high school or other dual or concurrent enrollment program;

(2) each partner in the eligible entity and such partner's experience with early college high schools or other dual or concurrent enrollment programs, and a description of key personnel from each partner and their responsibilities for the early college high school or dual or concurrent enrollment program;

(3) how the eligible entity will work with secondary and postsecondary teachers, other public and private entities, community-based organizations, businesses, labor organizations, and parents to ensure that students will be prepared to succeed in postsecondary education and employment, which may include the development of an advisory board;

(4) how the eligible entity will target and recruit at-risk youth, including those at risk of dropping out of school, first generation college students, and students from populations described in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(2)(C)(v)(II));

(5) a system of student supports including small group activities, tutoring, literacy and numeracy skill development in all academic disciplines, parental and community outreach and engagement, extended learning time, and college readiness activities, such as early college academic seminars and counseling;

(6) in the case of an early college high school, how a graduation and career plan will be developed, consistent with State graduation requirements, for each student and reviewed each semester;

(7) how parents or guardians of students in the early college high school or dually enrolled students will be informed of their academic performance and progress and, subject to paragraph (6), involved in the development of their career and graduation plan;

(8) coordination that will occur between the institution of higher education and the local educational agency, including regarding academic calendars, provision of student services, curriculum development, and professional development;

(9) how the eligible entity will ensure that teachers in the early college high school or other dual or concurrent enrollment program receive appropriate professional development and other supports, including to enable them to utilize effective parent and community engagement strategies, and help students with limited English proficiency, students with disabilities, and students from diverse cultural backgrounds to succeed;

(10) learning opportunities for students that complement classroom experiences, such as internships, career-based capstone projects, and opportunities provided under chapters 1 and 2 of subpart 2 of part A of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a–11 et seq.);

(11) how policies, agreements, and courses taken will ensure that postsecondary credits earned will be transferable to, at a minimum, public institutions of higher education within the State, consistent with existing statewide articulation agreements;

(12) student assessments and other measurements of student achievement including benchmarks for student achievement;

(13) outreach programs to provide elementary and secondary school students, especially those in middle grades, and their parents, teachers, school counselors, and principals information about and academic preparation for the early college high school or other dual or concurrent enrollment program;

(14) how the local educational agency and institution of higher education will work together, as appropriate, to collect and use data for student and instructional improvement and program evaluation;

(15) how the eligible entity will help students meet eligibility criteria for postsecondary courses and ensure that students understand how their credits will transfer; and

(16) how the eligible entity will access and leverage additional resources necessary to sustain the early college high school or other dual or concurrent enrollment program after the grant expires, including by engaging businesses and nonprofit organizations.

(c) Assurances.—An eligible entity’s application under subsection (a) shall include assurances that—

(1) in the case of an early college high school, the majority of courses offered, including postsecondary courses, will be offered at facilities of the institution of higher education;

(2) students will not be required to pay tuition or fees for postsecondary courses;

(3) postsecondary credits earned will be transcribed upon completion of the requisite course work; and

(4) faculty teaching postsecondary courses meet the normal standards for faculty established by the institution of higher education.

(d) Waiver.—The Secretary may waive the requirement of subsection (c)(1) upon a showing that it is impractical to apply due to geographic considerations.

SEC. 8. Peer review.

(a) Peer review of applications.—The Secretary shall establish peer review panels to review applications submitted pursuant to section 7 and to advise the Secretary regarding such applications.

(b) Composition of peer review panels.—The Secretary shall ensure that each peer review panel is not comprised wholly of full-time officers or employees of the Federal Government and includes, at a minimum—

(1) experts in the establishment and administration of early college high schools or other dual or concurrent enrollment programs from the secondary and postsecondary perspective;

(2) faculty at institutions of higher education and secondary school teachers with expertise in dual enrollment; and

(3) experts in the education of at-risk students.

SEC. 9. Grants to States.

(a) In general.—The Secretary is authorized to award 5-year grants to State agencies responsible for secondary or postsecondary education for efforts to support or establish early college high schools or other dual or concurrent enrollment programs.

(b) Grant amount.—The Secretary shall ensure that grants are of sufficient size to enable grantees to carry out all required activities.

(c) Matching requirement.—A State shall contribute matching funds from non-Federal sources toward the costs of carrying out activities under this section, which funds shall represent not less than 50 percent of the grant amount.

(d) Priority.—In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to States that provide assistance to early college high schools or other dual or concurrent enrollment programs, such as assistance to defray the costs of higher education, such as tuition, fees, and textbooks.

(e) Application.—To receive a grant under this section, a State agency shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and including such information as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(f) Contents of application.—At a minimum, the application described in subsection (e) shall include—

(1) a description of how the State will carry out all of the required State activities described in subsection (g);

(2) a description of how the State will identify and eliminate barriers to implementing effective early college high schools and dual or concurrent enrollment programs after the grant expires, including by engaging businesses and nonprofit organizations;

(3) a description of how the State will access and leverage additional resources necessary to sustain early college high schools or other dual or concurrent enrollment programs; and

(4) such other information as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

(g) State activities.—A State receiving a grant under this section shall use such funds for—

(1) creating outreach programs to ensure that secondary school students, their families, and community members are aware of early college high schools and dual or concurrent enrollment programs in the State;

(2) planning and implementing a statewide strategy for expanding access to early college high schools and dual or concurrent enrollment programs for students who are underrepresented in higher education to raise statewide rates of secondary school graduation, readiness for postsecondary education, and completion of postsecondary degrees and credentials, with a focus on at-risk students, including identifying any obstacles to such a strategy under State law or policy;

(3) providing technical assistance to early college high schools and other dual or concurrent enrollment programs, such as brokering relationships and agreements that forge a strong partnership between elementary and secondary and postsecondary partners;

(4) identifying policies that will improve the effectiveness and ensure the quality of early college high schools and dual or concurrent enrollment programs, such as access, funding, data and quality assurance, governance, accountability and alignment policies;

(5) planning and delivering statewide training and peer learning opportunities for school leaders and teachers from early college high schools and dual or concurrent enrollment programs, which may include providing instructional coaches who offer on-site guidance;

(6) disseminating best practices in early college high schools and dual or concurrent enrollment programs from across the State and from other States; and

(7) facilitating statewide data collection, research and evaluation, and reporting to policymakers and other stakeholders.

SEC. 10. Reporting and oversight.

(a) Reporting by grantees.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish uniform guidelines for all grantees concerning information such grantees annually shall report to the Secretary to demonstrate a grantee’s progress toward achieving the goals of this Act.

(2) CONTENTS OF REPORT.—At a minimum, the report described in paragraph (1) shall include, for eligible entities receiving funds under section 5, for students participating in the early college high school or other dual or concurrent enrollment program within each category of students described in section 1111(h)(1)(C)(i) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C)(i)):

(A) The number of students.

(B) The percentage of students scoring advanced, proficient, basic, and below basic on the assessments described in section 1111(b)(3) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(3)).

(C) The performance of students on other assessments or measurements of achievement.

(D) The number of secondary school credits earned.

(E) The number of postsecondary credits earned.

(F) Attendance rate, as appropriate.

(G) Graduation rate.

(H) Placement in postsecondary education or advanced training, in military service, and in employment.

(I) A description of the school or program’s student, parent, and community outreach and engagement.

(b) Reporting by Secretary.—The Secretary annually shall compile and analyze the information described in subsection (a) and shall submit a report containing such analysis to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives. The report shall include identification of best practices for achieving the goals of this Act.

(c) Monitoring visits.—The Secretary’s designee shall visit each grantee at least once for the purpose of helping the grantee achieve the goals of this Act and to monitor the grantee’s progress toward achieving such goals.

(d) National evaluation.—Not later than 6 months after the date on which funds are appropriated to carry out this Act, the Secretary shall enter into a contract with an independent organization to perform an evaluation of the grants awarded under this Act. Such evaluation shall apply rigorous procedures to obtain valid and reliable data concerning participants’ outcomes by social and academic characteristics and monitor the progress of students from secondary school to and through postsecondary education.

(e) Technical assistance.—The Secretary shall provide technical assistance to eligible entities concerning best practices in early college high schools and dual or concurrent enrollment programs and shall disseminate such best practices among eligible entities and State and local educational agencies.

SEC. 11. Rules of construction.

(a) Employees.—Nothing in this Act shall be construed to alter or otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and procedures afforded to the employees of local educational agencies (including schools) or institutions of higher education under Federal, State, or local laws (including applicable regulations or court orders) or under the terms of collective bargaining agreements, memoranda of understanding, or other agreements between such employees and their employers.

(b) Graduation rate.—A student who graduates from an early college high school supported under this Act in the standard number of years for graduation described in the eligible entity’s application shall be considered to have graduated on time for purposes of section 1111(b)(2)(C)(vi) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(2)(C)(vi)).


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