Text: H.R.1191 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 114-17 (05/22/2015)

 
[114th Congress Public Law 17]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 129 STAT. 201]]

Public Law 114-17
114th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To provide for congressional review and oversight of agreements relating 
   to Iran's nuclear program, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: May 22, 
                         2015 -  [H.R. 1191]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Iran Nuclear 
Agreement Review Act of 2015. 42 USC 2011 note.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 
2015''.
SEC. 2. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW AND OVERSIGHT OF AGREEMENTS WITH IRAN 
                    RELATING TO THE NUCLEAR PROGRAM OF IRAN.

    The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is amended by 
inserting after section 134 the following new section:
``SEC. 135. <<NOTE: 42 USC 2160e.>>  CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW AND 
                        OVERSIGHT OF AGREEMENTS WITH IRAN.

    ``(a) Transmission to Congress of Nuclear Agreements With Iran and 
Verification Assessment With Respect to Such Agreements.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Deadline. President.>>  Transmission of 
        agreements.--Not later than 5 calendar days after reaching an 
        agreement with Iran relating to the nuclear program of Iran, the 
        President shall transmit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees and leadership--
                    ``(A) the agreement, as defined in subsection 
                (h)(1), including all related materials and annexes;
                    ``(B) a verification assessment report of the 
                Secretary of State prepared under paragraph (2) with 
                respect to the agreement; and
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  a certification 
                that--
                          ``(i) the agreement includes the appropriate 
                      terms, conditions, and duration of the agreement's 
                      requirements with respect to Iran's nuclear 
                      activities and provisions describing any sanctions 
                      to be waived, suspended, or otherwise reduced by 
                      the United States, and any other nation or entity, 
                      including the United Nations; and
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  the President 
                      determines the agreement meets United States non-
                      proliferation objectives, does not jeopardize the 
                      common defense and security, provides an adequate 
                      framework to ensure that Iran's nuclear activities 
                      permitted thereunder will not be inimical to or 
                      constitute an unreasonable risk to the common 
                      defense and security, and ensures that Iran's 
                      nuclear activities permitted thereunder will not 
                      be used to

[[Page 129 STAT. 202]]

                      further any nuclear-related military or nuclear 
                      explosive purpose, including for any research on 
                      or development of any nuclear explosive device or 
                      any other nuclear-related military purpose.
            ``(2) Verification assessment report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of State shall 
                prepare, with respect to an agreement described in 
                paragraph (1), a report assessing--
                          ``(i) the extent to which the Secretary will 
                      be able to verify that Iran is complying with its 
                      obligations and commitments under the agreement;
                          ``(ii) the adequacy of the safeguards and 
                      other control mechanisms and other assurances 
                      contained in the agreement with respect to Iran's 
                      nuclear program to ensure Iran's activities 
                      permitted thereunder will not be used to further 
                      any nuclear-related military or nuclear explosive 
                      purpose, including for any research on or 
                      development of any nuclear explosive device or any 
                      other nuclear-related military purpose; and
                          ``(iii) the capacity and capability of the 
                      International Atomic Energy Agency to effectively 
                      implement the verification regime required by or 
                      related to the agreement, including whether the 
                      International Atomic Energy Agency will have 
                      sufficient access to investigate suspicious sites 
                      or allegations of covert nuclear-related 
                      activities and whether it has the required 
                      funding, manpower, and authority to undertake the 
                      verification regime required by or related to the 
                      agreement.
                    ``(B) Assumptions.--In preparing a report under 
                subparagraph (A) with respect to an agreement described 
                in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall assume that Iran 
                could--
                          ``(i) use all measures not expressly 
                      prohibited by the agreement to conceal activities 
                      that violate its obligations and commitments under 
                      the agreement; and
                          ``(ii) alter or deviate from standard 
                      practices in order to impede efforts to verify 
                      that Iran is complying with those obligations and 
                      commitments.
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Classified annex.--A 
                report under subparagraph (A) shall be transmitted in 
                unclassified form, but shall include a classified annex 
                prepared in consultation with the Director of National 
                Intelligence, summarizing relevant classified 
                information.
            ``(3) Exception.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Neither the requirements of 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (1), nor 
                subsections (b) through (g) of this section, shall apply 
                to an agreement described in subsection (h)(5) or to the 
                EU-Iran Joint Statement made on April 2, 2015.
                    ``(B) Additional requirement.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), any agreement as defined in subsection 
                (h)(1) and any related materials, whether concluded 
                before or after the date of the enactment of this 
                section, shall not be subject to the exception in 
                subparagraph (A).

[[Page 129 STAT. 203]]

    ``(b) Period for Review by Congress of Nuclear Agreements With 
Iran.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Hearings. Briefings.>>  In general.--During 
        the 30-calendar day period following transmittal by the 
        President of an agreement pursuant to subsection (a), the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee 
        on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives shall, as 
        appropriate, hold hearings and briefings and otherwise obtain 
        information in order to fully review such agreement.
            ``(2) Exception.--The period for congressional review under 
        paragraph (1) shall be 60 calendar days if an agreement, 
        including all materials required to be transmitted to Congress 
        pursuant to subsection (a)(1), is transmitted pursuant to 
        subsection (a) between July 10, 2015, and September 7, 2015.
            ``(3) Limitation on actions during initial congressional 
        review period.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        except as provided in paragraph (6), prior to and during the 
        period for transmission of an agreement in subsection (a)(1) and 
        during the period for congressional review provided in paragraph 
        (1), including any additional period as applicable under the 
        exception provided in paragraph (2), the President may not 
        waive, suspend, reduce, provide relief from, or otherwise limit 
        the application of statutory sanctions with respect to Iran 
        under any provision of law or refrain from applying any such 
        sanctions pursuant to an agreement described in subsection (a).
            ``(4) Limitation on actions during presidential 
        consideration of a joint resolution of disapproval.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except as provided 
        in paragraph (6), if a joint resolution of disapproval described 
        in subsection (c)(2)(B) passes both Houses of Congress, the 
        President may not waive, suspend, reduce, provide relief from, 
        or otherwise limit the application of statutory sanctions with 
        respect to Iran under any provision of law or refrain from 
        applying any such sanctions pursuant to an agreement described 
        in subsection (a) for a period of 12 calendar days following the 
        date of such passage.
            ``(5) Limitation on actions during congressional 
        reconsideration of a joint resolution of disapproval.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except as provided 
        in paragraph (6), if a joint resolution of disapproval described 
        in subsection (c)(2)(B) passes both Houses of Congress, and the 
        President vetoes such joint resolution, the President may not 
        waive, suspend, reduce, provide relief from, or otherwise limit 
        the application of statutory sanctions with respect to Iran 
        under any provision of law or refrain from applying any such 
        sanctions pursuant to an agreement described in subsection (a) 
        for a period of 10 calendar days following the date of the 
        President's veto.
            ``(6) Exception.--The prohibitions under paragraphs (3) 
        through (5) do not apply to any new deferral, waiver, or other 
        suspension of statutory sanctions pursuant to the Joint Plan of 
        Action if that deferral, waiver, or other suspension is made--
                    ``(A) consistent with the law in effect on the date 
                of the enactment of the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review 
                Act of 2015; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 204]]

                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  not later than 45 
                calendar days before the transmission by the President 
                of an agreement, assessment report, and certification 
                under subsection (a).
            ``(7) Definition.--In the House of Representatives, for 
        purposes of this subsection, the terms `transmittal,' 
        `transmitted,' and `transmission' mean transmittal, transmitted, 
        and transmission, respectively, to the Speaker of the House of 
        Representatives.

    ``(c) Effect of Congressional Action With Respect to Nuclear 
Agreements With Iran.--
            ``(1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
                    ``(A) the sanctions regime imposed on Iran by 
                Congress is primarily responsible for bringing Iran to 
                the table to negotiate on its nuclear program;
                    ``(B) these negotiations are a critically important 
                matter of national security and foreign policy for the 
                United States and its closest allies;
                    ``(C) this section does not require a vote by 
                Congress for the agreement to commence;
                    ``(D) this section provides for congressional 
                review, including, as appropriate, for approval, 
                disapproval, or no action on statutory sanctions relief 
                under an agreement; and
                    ``(E) even though the agreement may commence, 
                because the sanctions regime was imposed by Congress and 
                only Congress can permanently modify or eliminate that 
                regime, it is critically important that Congress have 
                the opportunity, in an orderly and deliberative manner, 
                to consider and, as appropriate, take action affecting 
                the statutory sanctions regime imposed by Congress.
            ``(2) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, action involving any measure of statutory sanctions relief 
        by the United States pursuant to an agreement subject to 
        subsection (a) or the Joint Plan of Action--
                    ``(A) may be taken, consistent with existing 
                statutory requirements for such action, if, during the 
                period for review provided in subsection (b), there is 
                enacted a joint resolution stating in substance that the 
                Congress does favor the agreement;
                    ``(B) may not be taken if, during the period for 
                review provided in subsection (b), there is enacted a 
                joint resolution stating in substance that the Congress 
                does not favor the agreement; or
                    ``(C) may be taken, consistent with existing 
                statutory requirements for such action, if, following 
                the period for review provided in subsection (b), there 
                is not enacted any such joint resolution.
            ``(3) Definition.--For the purposes of this subsection, the 
        phrase `action involving any measure of statutory sanctions 
        relief by the United States' shall include waiver, suspension, 
        reduction, or other effort to provide relief from, or otherwise 
        limit the application of statutory sanctions with respect to, 
        Iran under any provision of law or any other effort to refrain 
        from applying any such sanctions.

    ``(d) <<NOTE: President.>>  Congressional Oversight of Iranian 
Compliance With Nuclear Agreements.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 205]]

            ``(1) In general.--The President shall keep the appropriate 
        congressional committees and leadership fully and currently 
        informed of all aspects of Iranian compliance with respect to an 
        agreement subject to subsection (a).
            ``(2) Potentially significant breaches and compliance 
        incidents.--The President shall, within 10 calendar days of 
        receiving credible and accurate information relating to a 
        potentially significant breach or compliance incident by Iran 
        with respect to an agreement subject to subsection (a), submit 
        such information to the appropriate congressional committees and 
        leadership.
            ``(3) Material breach report.--Not later than 30 calendar 
        days after submitting information about a potentially 
        significant breach or compliance incident pursuant to paragraph 
        (2), the President shall make a determination whether such 
        potentially significant breach or compliance issue constitutes a 
        material breach and, if there is such a material breach, whether 
        Iran has cured such material breach, and shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees and leadership such 
        determination, accompanied by, as appropriate, a report on the 
        action or failure to act by Iran that led to the material 
        breach, actions necessary for Iran to cure the breach, and the 
        status of Iran's efforts to cure the breach.
            ``(4) Semi-annual report.--Not later than 180 calendar days 
        after entering into an agreement described in subsection (a), 
        and not less frequently than once every 180 calendar days 
        thereafter, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees and leadership a report on Iran's 
        nuclear program and the compliance of Iran with the agreement 
        during the period covered by the report, including the following 
        elements:
                    ``(A) Any action or failure to act by Iran that 
                breached the agreement or is in noncompliance with the 
                terms of the agreement.
                    ``(B) Any delay by Iran of more than one week in 
                providing inspectors access to facilities, people, and 
                documents in Iran as required by the agreement.
                    ``(C) Any progress made by Iran to resolve concerns 
                by the International Atomic Energy Agency about possible 
                military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.
                    ``(D) Any procurement by Iran of materials in 
                violation of the agreement or which could otherwise 
                significantly advance Iran's ability to obtain a nuclear 
                weapon.
                    ``(E) Any centrifuge research and development 
                conducted by Iran that--
                          ``(i) is not in compliance with the agreement; 
                      or
                          ``(ii) may substantially reduce the breakout 
                      time of acquisition of a nuclear weapon by Iran, 
                      if deployed.
                    ``(F) Any diversion by Iran of uranium, carbon-
                fiber, or other materials for use in Iran's nuclear 
                program in violation of the agreement.
                    ``(G) Any covert nuclear activities undertaken by 
                Iran, including any covert nuclear weapons-related or 
                covert fissile material activities or research and 
                development.
                    ``(H) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of 
                whether any Iranian financial institutions are engaged 
                in money laundering or terrorist

[[Page 129 STAT. 206]]

                finance activities, including names of specific 
                financial institutions if applicable.
                    ``(I) Iran's advances in its ballistic missile 
                program, including developments related to its long-
                range and inter-continental ballistic missile programs.
                    ``(J) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of--
                          ``(i) whether Iran directly supported, 
                      financed, planned, or carried out an act of 
                      terrorism against the United States or a United 
                      States person anywhere in the world;
                          ``(ii) whether, and the extent to which, Iran 
                      supported acts of terrorism, including acts of 
                      terrorism against the United States or a United 
                      States person anywhere in the world;
                          ``(iii) all actions, including in 
                      international fora, being taken by the United 
                      States to stop, counter, and condemn acts by Iran 
                      to directly or indirectly carry out acts of 
                      terrorism against the United States and United 
                      States persons;
                          ``(iv) the impact on the national security of 
                      the United States and the safety of United States 
                      citizens as a result of any Iranian actions 
                      reported under this paragraph; and
                          ``(v) all of the sanctions relief provided to 
                      Iran, pursuant to the agreement, and a description 
                      of the relationship between each sanction waived, 
                      suspended, or deferred and Iran's nuclear weapon's 
                      program.
                    ``(K) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of 
                whether violations of internationally recognized human 
                rights in Iran have changed, increased, or decreased, as 
                compared to the prior 180-day period.
            ``(5) Additional reports and information.--
                    ``(A) Agency reports.--Following submission of an 
                agreement pursuant to subsection (a) to the appropriate 
                congressional committees and leadership, the Department 
                of State, the Department of Energy, and the Department 
                of Defense shall, upon the request of any of those 
                committees or leadership, promptly furnish to those 
                committees or leadership their views as to whether the 
                safeguards and other controls contained in the agreement 
                with respect to Iran's nuclear program provide an 
                adequate framework to ensure that Iran's activities 
                permitted thereunder will not be inimical to or 
                constitute an unreasonable risk to the common defense 
                and security.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: President.>>  Provision of information 
                on nuclear initiatives with iran.--The President shall 
                keep the appropriate congressional committees and 
                leadership fully and currently informed of any 
                initiative or negotiations with Iran relating to Iran's 
                nuclear program, including any new or amended agreement.
            ``(6) <<NOTE: President.>>  Compliance certification.--After 
        the review period provided in subsection (b), the President 
        shall, not less than every 90 calendar days--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  determine whether 
                the President is able to certify that--

[[Page 129 STAT. 207]]

                          ``(i) Iran is transparently, verifiably, and 
                      fully implementing the agreement, including all 
                      related technical or additional agreements;
                          ``(ii) Iran has not committed a material 
                      breach with respect to the agreement or, if Iran 
                      has committed a material breach, Iran has cured 
                      the material breach;
                          ``(iii) Iran has not taken any action, 
                      including covert activities, that could 
                      significantly advance its nuclear weapons program; 
                      and
                          ``(iv) suspension of sanctions related to Iran 
                      pursuant to the agreement is--
                                    ``(I) appropriate and proportionate 
                                to the specific and verifiable measures 
                                taken by Iran with respect to 
                                terminating its illicit nuclear program; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) vital to the national 
                                security interests of the United States; 
                                and
                    ``(B) if the President determines he is able to make 
                the certification described in subparagraph (A), make 
                such certification to the appropriate congressional 
                committees and leadership.
            ``(7) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
                    ``(A) United States sanctions on Iran for terrorism, 
                human rights abuses, and ballistic missiles will remain 
                in place under an agreement, as defined in subsection 
                (h)(1);
                    ``(B) issues not addressed by an agreement on the 
                nuclear program of Iran, including fair and appropriate 
                compensation for Americans who were terrorized and 
                subjected to torture while held in captivity for 444 
                days after the seizure of the United States Embassy in 
                Tehran, Iran, in 1979 and their families, the freedom of 
                Americans held in Iran, the human rights abuses of the 
                Government of Iran against its own people, and the 
                continued support of terrorism worldwide by the 
                Government of Iran, are matters critical to ensure 
                justice and the national security of the United States, 
                and should be expeditiously addressed;
                    ``(C) the President should determine the agreement 
                in no way compromises the commitment of the United 
                States to Israel's security, nor its support for 
                Israel's right to exist; and
                    ``(D) in order to responsibly implement any long-
                term agreement reached between the P5+1 countries and 
                Iran, it is critically important that Congress have the 
                opportunity to review any agreement and, as necessary, 
                take action to modify the statutory sanctions regime 
                imposed by Congress.

    ``(e) Expedited Consideration of Legislation.--
            ``(1) Initiation.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In general.--In the 
                event the President does not submit a certification 
                pursuant to subsection (d)(6) during each 90-day period 
                following the review period provided in subsection (b), 
                or submits a determination pursuant to subsection (d)(3) 
                that Iran has materially breached an agreement subject 
                to subsection (a) and the material breach has not been 
                cured, qualifying legislation introduced

[[Page 129 STAT. 208]]

                within 60 calendar days of such event shall be entitled 
                to expedited consideration pursuant to this subsection.
                    ``(B) Definition.--In the House of Representatives, 
                for purposes of this paragraph, the terms `submit' and 
                `submits' mean submit and submits, respectively, to the 
                Speaker of the House of Representatives.
            ``(2) Qualifying legislation defined.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `qualifying legislation' means only a bill 
        of either House of Congress--
                    ``(A) the title of which is as follows: `A bill 
                reinstating statutory sanctions imposed with respect to 
                Iran.'; and
                    ``(B) the matter after the enacting clause of which 
                is: `Any statutory sanctions imposed with respect to 
                Iran pursuant to ______ that were waived, suspended, 
                reduced, or otherwise relieved pursuant to an agreement 
                submitted pursuant to section 135(a) of the Atomic 
                Energy Act of 1954 are hereby reinstated and any action 
                by the United States Government to facilitate the 
                release of funds or assets to Iran pursuant to such 
                agreement, or provide any further waiver, suspension, 
                reduction, or other relief pursuant to such agreement is 
                hereby prohibited.', with the blank space being filled 
                in with the law or laws under which sanctions are to be 
                reinstated.
            ``(3) Introduction.--During the 60-calendar day period 
        provided for in paragraph (1), qualifying legislation may be 
        introduced--
                    ``(A) in the House of Representatives, by the 
                majority leader or the minority leader; and
                    ``(B) in the Senate, by the majority leader (or the 
                majority leader's designee) or the minority leader (or 
                the minority leader's designee).
            ``(4) Floor consideration in house of representatives.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Reporting and 
                discharge.--If a committee of the House to which 
                qualifying legislation has been referred has not 
                reported such qualifying legislation within 10 
                legislative days after the date of referral, that 
                committee shall be discharged from further consideration 
                thereof.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Proceeding to 
                consideration.--Beginning on the third legislative day 
                after each committee to which qualifying legislation has 
                been referred reports it to the House or has been 
                discharged from further consideration thereof, it shall 
                be in order to move to proceed to consider the 
                qualifying legislation in the House. All points of order 
                against the motion are waived. Such a motion shall not 
                be in order after the House has disposed of a motion to 
                proceed on the qualifying legislation with regard to the 
                same agreement. The previous question shall be 
                considered as ordered on the motion to its adoption 
                without intervening motion. The motion shall not be 
                debatable. A motion to reconsider the vote by which the 
                motion is disposed of shall not be in order.
                    ``(C) Consideration.--The qualifying legislation 
                shall be considered as read. All points of order against 
                the qualifying legislation and against its consideration 
                are waived. The previous question shall be considered as 
                ordered on

[[Page 129 STAT. 209]]

                the qualifying legislation to final passage without 
                intervening motion except two hours of debate equally 
                divided and controlled by the sponsor of the qualifying 
                legislation (or a designee) and an opponent. A motion to 
                reconsider the vote on passage of the qualifying 
                legislation shall not be in order.
            ``(5) Consideration in the senate.--
                    ``(A) Committee referral.--Qualifying legislation 
                introduced in the Senate shall be referred to the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Reporting and 
                discharge.--If the Committee on Foreign Relations has 
                not reported such qualifying legislation within 10 
                session days after the date of referral of such 
                legislation, that committee shall be discharged from 
                further consideration of such legislation and the 
                qualifying legislation shall be placed on the 
                appropriate calendar.
                    ``(C) Proceeding to consideration.--Notwithstanding 
                Rule XXII of the Standing Rules of the Senate, it is in 
                order at any time after the committee authorized to 
                consider qualifying legislation reports it to the Senate 
                or has been discharged from its consideration (even 
                though a previous motion to the same effect has been 
                disagreed to) to move to proceed to the consideration of 
                qualifying legislation, and all points of order against 
                qualifying legislation (and against consideration of the 
                qualifying legislation) are waived. The motion to 
                proceed is not debatable. The motion is not subject to a 
                motion to postpone. A motion to reconsider the vote by 
                which the motion is agreed to or disagreed to shall not 
                be in order. If a motion to proceed to the consideration 
                of the qualifying legislation is agreed to, the 
                qualifying legislation shall remain the unfinished 
                business until disposed of.
                    ``(D) Debate.--Debate on qualifying legislation, and 
                on all debatable motions and appeals in connection 
                therewith, shall be limited to not more than 10 hours, 
                which shall be divided equally between the majority and 
                minority leaders or their designees. A motion to further 
                limit debate is in order and not debatable. An amendment 
                to, or a motion to postpone, or a motion to proceed to 
                the consideration of other business, or a motion to 
                recommit the qualifying legislation is not in order.
                    ``(E) Vote on passage.--The vote on passage shall 
                occur immediately following the conclusion of the debate 
                on the qualifying legislation and a single quorum call 
                at the conclusion of the debate, if requested in 
                accordance with the rules of the Senate.
                    ``(F) Rulings of the chair on procedure.--Appeals 
                from the decisions of the Chair relating to the 
                application of the rules of the Senate, as the case may 
                be, to the procedure relating to qualifying legislation 
                shall be decided without debate.
                    ``(G) Consideration of veto messages.--Debate in the 
                Senate of any veto message with respect to qualifying 
                legislation, including all debatable motions and appeals

[[Page 129 STAT. 210]]

                in connection with such qualifying legislation, shall be 
                limited to 10 hours, to be equally divided between, and 
                controlled by, the majority leader and the minority 
                leader or their designees.
            ``(6) Rules relating to senate and house of 
        representatives.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Coordination with 
                action by other house.--If, before the passage by one 
                House of qualifying legislation of that House, that 
                House receives qualifying legislation from the other 
                House, then the following procedures shall apply:
                          ``(i) The qualifying legislation of the other 
                      House shall not be referred to a committee.
                          ``(ii) With respect to qualifying legislation 
                      of the House receiving the legislation--
                                    ``(I) the procedure in that House 
                                shall be the same as if no qualifying 
                                legislation had been received from the 
                                other House; but
                                    ``(II) the vote on passage shall be 
                                on the qualifying legislation of the 
                                other House.
                    ``(B) Treatment of a bill of other house.--If one 
                House fails to introduce qualifying legislation under 
                this section, the qualifying legislation of the other 
                House shall be entitled to expedited floor procedures 
                under this section.
                    ``(C) Treatment of companion measures.--If, 
                following passage of the qualifying legislation in the 
                Senate, the Senate then receives a companion measure 
                from the House of Representatives, the companion measure 
                shall not be debatable.
                    ``(D) Application to revenue measures.--The 
                provisions of this paragraph shall not apply in the 
                House of Representatives to qualifying legislation which 
                is a revenue measure.

    ``(f) Rules of House of Representatives and Senate.--Subsection (e) 
is enacted by Congress--
            ``(1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives, respectively, and as such are 
        deemed a part of the rules of each House, respectively, but 
        applicable only with respect to the procedure to be followed in 
        that House in the case of legislation described in those 
        sections, and supersede other rules only to the extent that they 
        are inconsistent with such rules; and
            ``(2) with full recognition of the constitutional right of 
        either House to change the rules (so far as relating to the 
        procedure of that House) at any time, in the same manner, and to 
        the same extent as in the case of any other rule of that House.

    ``(g) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in the section shall be 
construed as--
            ``(1) modifying, or having any other impact on, the 
        President's authority to negotiate, enter into, or implement 
        appropriate executive agreements, other than the restrictions on 
        implementation of the agreements specifically covered by this 
        section;
            ``(2) allowing any new waiver, suspension, reduction, or 
        other relief from statutory sanctions with respect to Iran under 
        any provision of law, or allowing the President to refrain from 
        applying any such sanctions pursuant to an agreement

[[Page 129 STAT. 211]]

        described in subsection (a) during the period for review 
        provided in subsection (b);
            ``(3) revoking or terminating any statutory sanctions 
        imposed on Iran; or
            ``(4) authorizing the use of military force against Iran.

    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Agreement.--The term `agreement' means an agreement 
        related to the nuclear program of Iran that includes the United 
        States, commits the United States to take action, or pursuant to 
        which the United States commits or otherwise agrees to take 
        action, regardless of the form it takes, whether a political 
        commitment or otherwise, and regardless of whether it is legally 
        binding or not, including any joint comprehensive plan of action 
        entered into or made between Iran and any other parties, and any 
        additional materials related thereto, including annexes, 
        appendices, codicils, side agreements, implementing materials, 
        documents, and guidance, technical or other understandings, and 
        any related agreements, whether entered into or implemented 
        prior to the agreement or to be entered into or implemented in 
        the future.
            ``(2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        `appropriate congressional committees' means the Committee on 
        Finance, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        the Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and 
        Means, the Committee on Financial Services, the Permanent Select 
        Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs 
        of the House of Representatives.
            ``(3) Appropriate congressional committees and leadership.--
        The term `appropriate congressional committees and leadership' 
        means the Committee on Finance, the Committee on Banking, 
        Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
        Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Ways and Means, the Committee on Financial Services, the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Speaker, Majority Leader, and Minority 
        Leader of the House of Representatives.
            ``(4) Iranian financial institution.--The term `Iranian 
        financial institution' has the meaning given the term in section 
        104A(d) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
        Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8513b(d)).
            ``(5) Joint plan of action.--The term `Joint Plan of Action' 
        means the Joint Plan of Action, signed at Geneva November 24, 
        2013, by Iran and by France, Germany, the Russian Federation, 
        the People's Republic of China, the United Kingdom, and the 
        United States, and all implementing materials and agreements 
        related to the Joint Plan of Action, including the technical 
        understandings reached on January 12, 2014, the extension 
        thereto agreed to on July 18, 2014, the extension agreed to on 
        November 24, 2014, and any materially identical extension that 
        is agreed to on or after the date of the enactment of the Iran 
        Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015.

[[Page 129 STAT. 212]]

            ``(6) EU-iran joint statement.--The term `EU-Iran Joint 
        Statement' means only the Joint Statement by EU High 
        Representative Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister 
        Javad Zarif made on April 2, 2015, at Lausanne, Switzerland.
            ``(7) Material breach.--The term `material breach' means, 
        with respect to an agreement described in subsection (a), any 
        breach of the agreement, or in the case of non-binding 
        commitments, any failure to perform those commitments, that 
        substantially--
                    ``(A) benefits Iran's nuclear program;
                    ``(B) decreases the amount of time required by Iran 
                to achieve a nuclear weapon; or
                    ``(C) deviates from or undermines the purposes of 
                such agreement.
            ``(8) Noncompliance defined.--The term `noncompliance' means 
        any departure from the terms of an agreement described in 
        subsection (a) that is not a material breach.
            ``(9) P5+1 countries.--The term `P5+1 countries' means the 
        United States, France, the Russian Federation, the People's 
        Republic of China, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
            ``(10) United states person.--The term `United States 
        person' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act 
        of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8511).''.

    Approved May 22, 2015.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 1191:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 161 (2015):
            Mar. 16, 17, considered and passed House.
            Apr. 23, 27-30, May 5-7, considered and passed Senate, 
                amended.
            May 14, House concurred in Senate amendments.

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