Text: H.R.1656 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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Reported to Senate (07/13/2016)

Calendar No. 560

114th CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 1656

[Report No. 114–302]


To provide for additional resources for the Secret Service, and to improve protections for restricted areas.


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 28, 2015

Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

July 13, 2016

Reported by Mr. Johnson, with an amendment

[Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic]


AN ACT

To provide for additional resources for the Secret Service, and to improve protections for restricted areas.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Secret Service Improvements Act of 2015”.

SEC. 2. Presidential appointment of Director of the Secret Service.

Section 3056 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end:

“(h) The Director of the Secret Service shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Director of the Secret Service is the head of the Secret Service.”.

SEC. 3. Restricted building or grounds.

Section 1752(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in paragraph (3), by striking “or” at the end;

(2) in paragraph (4), by inserting “or” at the end; and

(3) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:

“(5) knowingly, and with the intent to enter a restricted building or grounds, causes any object to enter any restricted building or grounds, when, or so that, such object, in fact, impedes or disrupts the orderly conduct of government business or official functions;”.

SEC. 4. Threats against former vice presidents.

Section 879(a)(4) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking “section 3056(a)(6)” and inserting “paragraph (6) or (8) of section 3056(a)”.

SEC. 5. Increased training.

Beginning in the first full fiscal year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall increase the annual number of hours spent training by officers and agents of the Secret Service, including officers of the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United States Code and agents operating pursuant to section 3056 of title 18, United States Code, including joint training between the two.

SEC. 6. Training facilities.

The Director of the Secret Service is authorized to construct facilities at the Rowley Training Center necessary to improve the training of officers of the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United States Code and agents of the United States Secret Service, operating pursuant to section 3056 of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 7. Hiring of additional officers and agents.

The Director of the Secret Service is authorized to hire not fewer than—

(1) 200 additional officers for the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United States Code; and

(2) 85 additional agents for the United States Secret Service Presidential Protective Detail, operating pursuant to section 3056 of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 8. Evaluation of vulnerabilities and threats.

(a) In general.—The Director of the Secret Service shall devise and adopt improved procedures for evaluating vulnerabilities in the security of the White House and threats to persons protected by the Secret Service, including threats posed by unmanned aerial systems or explosive devices.

(b) Report.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall report on the implementation of subsection (a) to—

(1) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives;

(2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;

(3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives;

(4) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and

(5) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 9. Evaluation of use of technology.

(a) In general.—The Director of the Secret Service, in consultation with the Under Secretary for Science and Technology of the Department of Homeland Security, and other experts, shall devise and adopt improved procedures for—

(1) evaluating the ways in which technology may be used to improve the security of the White House and the response to threats to persons protected by the Secret Service; and

(2) retaining evidence pertaining to the duties referred to in paragraph (1) for an extended period of time.

(b) Report.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall report on the implementation of subsection (a) to—

(1) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives;

(2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;

(3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives;

(4) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and

(5) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 10. Evaluation of use of additional weaponry.

The Director of the Secret Service shall evaluate the practicability of equipping agents and officers with weapons other than those provided to officers and agents of the Secret Service as of the date of enactment of this Act, including nonlethal weapons.

SEC. 11. Security costs for secondary residences.

(a) In general.—The Presidential Protection Assistance Act of 1976 (18 U.S.C. 3056 note) is amended by striking section 4 and inserting the following:

“SEC. 4. Notification regarding expenditures on non-Governmental properties.

“The Secret Service shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate of any expenditures for permanent facilities, equipment, and services to secure any non-Governmental property in addition to the one non-Governmental property designated by each protectee under subsection (a) or (b) of section 3.”.

(b) Conforming amendments.—The Presidential Protection Assistance Act of 1976 (18 U.S.C. 3056 note), as amended by this Act, is further amended—

(1) in section 3(b), by striking “any expenditures by the Secret Service” and all that follows through “imposed under section 4” and inserting “any expenditures by the Secret Service for permanent facilities, equipment, and services to secure the non-Governmental property previously designated under subsection (a) are subject to the requirements set forth in section 4”; and

(2) in section 5(c), by striking “within the limitations imposed under section 4”.

SEC. 12. Establishment of Ethics Program Office.

Subject to the oversight of the Office of Chief Counsel of the United States Secret Service, the Director of the Secret Service shall establish an Ethics Program Office, consisting of a minimum of two employees, to administer the provisions of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, as amended, and to provide increased training to employees of the United States Secret Service.

SEC. 13. Sense of Congress.

It is the sense of Congress that an assessment made by the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Director of the Secret Service with regard to physical security of the White House and attendant grounds, and any security-related enhancements thereto should be accorded substantial deference by the National Capital Planning Commission, the Commission of Fine Arts, and any other relevant entities.

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Secret Service Improvements Act of 2016”.

SEC. 2. Restricted building or grounds.

(a) Purpose.—The purpose of this section is to criminalize knowingly throwing, operating, or placing an autonomous or remotely operated vehicle or dangerous weapon in a restricted building or grounds and to provide additional clarification as to what constitutes a restricted building or grounds.

(b) Amendment.—Section 1752 of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (a)—

(A) in paragraph (3), by striking “or” at the end;

(B) in paragraph (4), by adding “or” at the end; and

(C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:

“(5) knowingly causes any autonomous or remotely operated vehicle or dangerous weapon to enter any restricted building or grounds, with the intent for such autonomous or remotely operated vehicle or dangerous weapon to enter a restricted building or grounds, when, or so that, such autonomous or remotely operated vehicle or dangerous weapon, in fact, impedes or disrupts the orderly conduct of Government business or official functions;”;

(2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:

“(A) during and in relation to the offense, a deadly or dangerous weapon or firearm is used, carried, or otherwise enters the restricted building or grounds; or”; and

(3) in subsection (c)(1)—

(A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as clauses (i), (ii), and (iv), respectively, and adjusting the margins accordingly;

(B) in the matter preceding clause (i), as redesignated, by striking “grounds’ means” and inserting the following: “grounds’—

“(A) means”;

(C) in clause (ii), as redesignated, by striking “or” at the end;

(D) by inserting after clause (ii), as redesignated, the following:

“(iii) of a building or grounds that the President or other person protected by the Secret Service has designated as a non-Governmental property in accordance with the Presidential Protection Assistance Act of 1976 (18 U.S.C. 3056 note); or”; and

(E) by adding at the end the following:

“(B) includes the airspace above any posted, cordoned off, or otherwise restricted area described in subparagraph (A); and”.

SEC. 3. Threats against former vice presidents.

(a) Purpose.—The purpose of this section is to authorize the United States Secret Service to investigate threats against former Vice Presidents and their families for the duration of their protection by the United States Secret Service.

(b) Amendments.—Section 879 of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (a)—

(A) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) as paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), respectively; and

(B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

“(2) a former Vice President or a member of the immediate family of a former Vice President;”; and

(2) in subsection (b)(1)—

(A) in subparagraph (A)—

(i) by striking “subsection (a)(1)” and inserting “paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a)”; and

(ii) by striking “the wife of a former President during his lifetime, the widow of a former President until her death or remarriage, and minor children of a former President” and inserting “the spouse of a former President or former Vice President during the lifetime of the former President or former Vice President, as the case may be, the widow or widower of a former President or former Vice President until the death or remarriage of the widow or widower, and minor children of a former President or former Vice President”; and

(B) in subparagraph (B), by striking “subsection (a)(2) and (a)(3)” and inserting “paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (a)”.

SEC. 4. Increased training.

(a) Purpose.—The purpose of this section is to require increased training for United States Secret Service Protective Division Agents and Uniformed Division Officers.

(b) Requirement.—Beginning in the first full fiscal year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall increase the annual number of hours spent training by officers and agents of the United States Secret Service, including officers of the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United States Code, and agents operating pursuant to section 3056 of title 18, United States Code, including joint training between the two. The increased training hours required under this subsection shall include, at a minimum, the recommendations for training described in the United States Secret Service Protective Mission Panel Report, released on December 15, 2014.

SEC. 5. Training facilities.

The Director of the Secret Service is authorized to construct facilities at the Rowley Training Center necessary to improve the training of officers of the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division established under section 3056A of title 18, United States Code, and agents of the United States Secret Service, operating pursuant to section 3056 of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 6. Hiring of additional officers and agents.

The Director of the Secret Service is authorized to hire the number of officers for the United States Secret Service Uniformed Division and agents for the United States Secret Service Presidential Protective Detail necessary to satisfy the staffing recommendations made by the United States Secret Service Protective Mission Panel Report, issued on December 15, 2014.

SEC. 7. Evaluation of vulnerabilities and threats.

(a) In general.—The Secretary of Homeland Security shall devise and adopt improved procedures for identifying, evaluating, and addressing vulnerabilities in the security of the White House and threats to persons protected by the United States Secret Service, including threats posed by unmanned aerial systems or explosive devices.

(b) Report.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall report on the implementation of subsection (a) to—

(1) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;

(2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;

(3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives;

(4) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives; and

(5) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 8. Evaluation of use of technology.

(a) In general.—The Director of the Secret Service, in coordination with the Under Secretary for Science and Technology of the Department of Homeland Security, and other experts, shall devise and adopt improved procedures for—

(1) evaluating ways in which technology may be used to improve the security of the White House and the response to threats to persons protected by the United States Secret Service; and

(2) retaining evidence pertaining to the duties referred to in paragraph (1) for an appropriate period of time.

(b) Report.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Secret Service shall report on the implementation of subsection (a) to—

(1) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;

(2) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;

(3) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives;

(4) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives; and

(5) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 9. Evaluation of use of additional weaponry.

The Director of the Secret Service—

(1) shall evaluate the practicability of equipping agents and officers with nonlethal weapons in addition to those provided to officers and agents of the United States Secret Service as of the date of enactment of this Act; and

(2) may evaluate the practicability of equipping agents and officers with weapons beyond those provided to officers and agents of the United States Secret Service as of the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 10. Security costs for secondary residences.

(a) In general.—The Presidential Protection Assistance Act of 1976 (18 U.S.C. 3056 note) is amended by striking section 4 and inserting the following:

“SEC. 4. Notification regarding expenditures on non-Governmental properties.

“The Secret Service shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives of any expenditures for permanent facilities, equipment, and services to secure any non-Governmental property in addition to the one non-Governmental property designated by each protectee under subsection (a) or (b) of section 3.”.

(b) Conforming amendments.—The Presidential Protection Assistance Act of 1976 (18 U.S.C. 3056 note), as amended by this Act, is further amended—

(1) in section 3(b), by striking “any expenditures by the Secret Service” and all that follows through “imposed under section 4” and inserting “any expenditures by the Secret Service for permanent facilities, equipment, and services to secure the non-Governmental property previously designated under subsection (a) are subject to the requirements set forth in section 4”; and

(2) in section 5(c), by striking “within the limitations imposed under section 4”.

SEC. 11. Establishment of Ethics Program Office.

Subject to the oversight of the Designated Agency Ethics Official of the Department of Homeland Security, and in accordance with the regulations under the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.), there shall be established an Ethics Program Office in the Office of the Chief Counsel of the United States Secret Service, which shall ensure compliance with the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.).

SEC. 12. Report on implementation.

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives, that contains a review of the implementation of this Act, and the amendments made by this Act, and an evaluation of the progress of the United States Secret Service in implementing recommendations outlined in the United States Secret Service Protective Mission Panel Report.


Calendar No. 560

114th CONGRESS
     2d Session
H. R. 1656
[Report No. 114–302]

AN ACT
To provide for additional resources for the Secret Service, and to improve protections for restricted areas.

July 13, 2016
Reported with an amendment