Text: H.R.1735 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 1735 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.1735

                     One Hundred Fourteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
           the sixth day of January, two thousand and fifteen


                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2016 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
         strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
        (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
        (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
    Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
        (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Prioritization of upgraded UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters within 
          Army National Guard.
Sec. 112. Roadmap for replacement of A/MH-6 Mission Enhanced Little Bird 
          aircraft to meet special operations requirements.
Sec. 113. Report on options to accelerate replacement of UH-60A 
          Blackhawk helicopters of Army National Guard.
Sec. 114. Sense of Congress on tactical wheeled vehicle protection kits.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of CVN-78 class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Amendment to cost limitation baseline for CVN-78 class 
          aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 123. Extension and modification of limitation on availability of 
          funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 124. Modification to multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh 
          Burke class destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 125. Procurement of additional Arleigh Burke class destroyer.
Sec. 126. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. George 
          Washington.
Sec. 127. Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. John F. Kennedy 
          (CVN-79).
Sec. 129. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. Enterprise 
          (CVN-80).
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 131. Reporting requirement for Ohio-class replacement submarine 
          program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Backup inventory status of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 142. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 143. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of EC-130H 
          Compass Call aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
          Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, EC-130H Compass Call, 
          and Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35A aircraft 
          procurement.
Sec. 146. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of KC-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for transfer of C-130 
          aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for executive 
          communications upgrades for C-20 and C-37 aircraft.
Sec. 149. Limitation on availability of funds for T-1A Jayhawk aircraft.
Sec. 150. Notification of retirement of B-1, B-2, and B-52 bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 151. Inventory requirement for fighter aircraft of the Air Force.
Sec. 152. Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of F-35A 
          aircraft.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Battle Command-
          Platform.
Sec. 162. Report on Army and Marine Corps modernization plan for small 
          arms.
Sec. 163. Study on use of different types of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition 
          by the Army and the Marine Corps.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.
Sec. 212.  Expansion of eligibility for financial assistance under 
          Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation Program to include citizens of countries 
          participating in the Technical Cooperation Program.
Sec. 213. Expansion of education partnerships to support technology 
          transfer and transition.
Sec. 214. Improvement to coordination and communication of defense 
          research activities.
Sec. 215. Reauthorization of Global Research Watch program.
Sec. 216. Reauthorization of defense research and development rapid 
          innovation program.
Sec. 217. Science and technology activities to support business systems 
          information technology acquisition programs.
Sec. 218. Department of Defense technology offset program to build and 
          maintain the military technological superiority of the United 
          States.
Sec. 219. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15 infrared search 
          and track capability development.
Sec. 220. Limitation on availability of funds for development of the 
          shallow water combat submersible.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for the advanced 
          development and manufacturing facility under the medical 
          countermeasure program.
Sec. 222. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
          ground system of the Army.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
          ground system of the United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 224. Limitation on availability of funds for Integrated Personnel 
          and Pay System of the Army.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Streamlining the Joint Federated Assurance Center.
Sec. 232. Demonstration of Persistent Close Air Support capabilities.
Sec. 233. Strategies for engagement with Historically Black Colleges and 
          Universities and Minority-serving Institutions of Higher 
          Education.
Sec. 234. Report on commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
          systems for Army tactical unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 235. Report on Tactical Combat Training System Increment II.
Sec. 236. Report on technology readiness levels of the technologies and 
          capabilities critical to the long-range strike bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 237. Assessment of air-land mobile tactical communications and data 
          network requirements and capabilities.
Sec. 238. Study of field failures involving counterfeit electronic 
          parts.
Sec. 239. Airborne data link plan.
Sec. 240. Plan for advanced weapons technology war games.
Sec. 241. Independent assessment of F135 engine program.
Sec. 242. Comptroller General review of autonomic logistics information 
          system for F-35 Lightning II aircraft.
Sec. 243. Sense of Congress regarding facilitation of a high quality 
          technical workforce.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.
Sec. 312. Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas.
Sec. 313. Modification of energy management reporting requirements.
Sec. 314. Revision to scope of statutorily required review of projects 
          relating to potential obstructions to aviation so as to apply 
          only to energy projects.
Sec. 315. Exclusions from definition of ``chemical substance'' under 
          Toxic Substances Control Act.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 322. Repeal of limitation on authority to enter into a contract for 
          the sustainment, maintenance, repair, or overhaul of the F117 
          engine.
Sec. 323. Pilot programs for availability of working-capital funds for 
          product improvements.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modification of annual report on prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment.
Sec. 332. Report on merger of Office of Assistant Secretary for 
          Operational Energy Plans and Deputy Under Secretary for 
          Installations and Environment.
Sec. 333. Report on equipment purchased noncompetitively from foreign 
          entities.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Prohibition on contracts making payments for honoring members 
          of the Armed Forces at sporting events.
Sec. 342. Military animals: transfer and adoption.
Sec. 343. Temporary authority to extend contracts and leases under the 
          ARMS Initiative.
Sec. 344. Improvements to Department of Defense excess property 
          disposal.
Sec. 345. Limitation on use of funds for Department of Defense 
          sponsorships, advertising, or marketing associated with 
          sports-related organizations or sporting events.
Sec. 346. Reduction in amounts available for Department of Defense 
          headquarters, administrative, and support activities.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2016 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Report on force structure of the Army.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Reinstatement of enhanced authority for selective early 
          discharge of warrant officers.
Sec. 502. Equitable treatment of junior officers excluded from an all-
          fully-qualified-officers list because of administrative error.
Sec. 503. Enhanced flexibility for determination of officers to continue 
          on active duty and for selective early retirement and early 
          discharge.
Sec. 504. Authority to defer until age 68 mandatory retirement for age 
          of a general or flag officer serving as Chief or Deputy Chief 
          of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, or Air Force.
Sec. 505. General rule for warrant officer retirement in highest grade 
          held satisfactorily.
Sec. 506. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendation on the 
          definition and availability of costs associated with general 
          and flag officers and their aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Continued service in the Ready Reserve by Members of Congress 
          who are also members of the Ready Reserve.
Sec. 512. Clarification of purpose of reserve component special 
          selection boards as limited to correction of error at a 
          mandatory promotion board.
Sec. 513. Increase in number of days of active duty required to be 
          performed by reserve component members for duty to be 
          considered Federal service for purposes of unemployment 
          compensation for ex-servicemembers.
Sec. 514. Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
          personnel to provide training and instruction regarding pilot 
          training.
Sec. 515. Assessment of Military Compensation and Retirement 
          Modernization Commission recommendation regarding 
          consolidation of authorities to order members of reserve 
          components to perform duty.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Limited authority for Secretary concerned to initiate 
          applications for correction of military records.
Sec. 522. Temporary authority to develop and provide additional 
          recruitment incentives.
Sec. 523. Expansion of authority to conduct pilot programs on career 
          flexibility to enhance retention of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 524. Modification of notice and wait requirements for change in 
          ground combat exclusion policy for female members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 525. Role of Secretary of Defense in development of gender-neutral 
          occupational standards.
Sec. 526. Establishment of process by which members of the Armed Forces 
          may carry an appropriate firearm on a military installation.
Sec. 527. Establishment of breastfeeding policy for the Department of 
          the Army.
Sec. 528. Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the members of 
          the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

Sec. 531. Enforcement of certain crime victim rights by the Court of 
          Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 532. Department of Defense civilian employee access to Special 
          Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 533. Authority of Special Victims' Counsel to provide legal 
          consultation and assistance in connection with various 
          Government proceedings.
Sec. 534. Timely notification to victims of sex-related offenses of the 
          availability of assistance from Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 535. Additional improvements to Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 536. Enhancement of confidentiality of restricted reporting of 
          sexual assault in the military.
Sec. 537. Modification of deadline for establishment of Defense Advisory 
          Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual 
          Assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Improved Department of Defense prevention and response to 
          sexual assaults in which the victim is a male member of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 539. Preventing retaliation against members of the Armed Forces who 
          report or intervene on behalf of the victim of an alleged sex-
          related offence.
Sec. 540. Sexual assault prevention and response training for 
          administrators and instructors of Senior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps.
Sec. 541. Retention of case notes in investigations of sex-related 
          offenses involving members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
          Marine Corps.
Sec. 542. Comptroller General of the United States reports on prevention 
          and response to sexual assault by the Army National Guard and 
          the Army Reserve.
Sec. 543. Improved implementation of changes to Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 544. Modification of Rule 104 of the Rules for Courts-Martial to 
          establish certain prohibitions concerning evaluations of 
          Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 545. Modification of Rule 304 of the Military Rules of Evidence 
          relating to the corroboration of a confession or admission.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Enhancements to Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.
Sec. 552. Availability of preseparation counseling for members of the 
          Armed Forces discharged or released after limited active duty.
Sec. 553. Availability of additional training opportunities under 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 554. Modification of requirement for in-resident instruction for 
          courses of instruction offered as part of Phase II joint 
          professional military education.
Sec. 555. Termination of program of educational assistance for reserve 
          component members supporting contingency operations and other 
          operations.
Sec. 556. Appointments to military service academies from nominations 
          made by Delegates in Congress from the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
          American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
          Islands.
Sec. 557. Support for athletic programs of the United States Military 
          Academy.
Sec. 558. Condition on admission of defense industry civilians to attend 
          the United States Air Force Institute of Technology.
Sec. 559. Quality assurance of certification programs and standards for 
          professional credentials obtained by members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 560. Prohibition on receipt of unemployment insurance while 
          receiving post-9/11 education assistance.
Sec. 561. Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee.
Sec. 562. Recognition of additional involuntary mobilization duty 
          authorities exempt from five-year limit on reemployment rights 
          of persons who serve in the uniformed services.
Sec. 563. Expansion of outreach for veterans transitioning from serving 
          on active duty.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
          that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 573. Authority to use appropriated funds to support Department of 
          Defense student meal programs in domestic dependent elementary 
          and secondary schools located outside the United States.
Sec. 574. Family support programs for immediate family members of 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to special operations 
          forces.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Authorization for award of the Distinguished-Service Cross for 
          acts of extraordinary heroism during the Korean War.

           Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Coordination with non-government suicide prevention 
          organizations and agencies to assist in reducing suicides by 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 592. Extension of semiannual reports on the involuntary separation 
          of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 593. Report on preliminary mental health screenings for individuals 
          becoming members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 594. Report regarding new rulemaking under the Military Lending Act 
          and Defense Manpower Data Center reports and meetings.
Sec. 595. Remotely piloted aircraft career field manning shortfalls.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. No fiscal year 2016 increase in military basic pay for general 
          and flag officers.
Sec. 602. Limitation on eligibility for supplemental subsistence 
          allowances to members serving outside the United States and 
          associated territory.
Sec. 603. Phased-in modification of percentage of national average 
          monthly cost of housing usable in computation of basic 
          allowance for housing inside the United States.
Sec. 604. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 605. Availability of information under the Food and Nutrition Act 
          of 2008.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum annual amount of nuclear officer bonus 
          pay.
Sec. 617. Modification to special aviation incentive pay and bonus 
          authorities for officers.
Sec. 618. Repeal of obsolete authority to pay bonus to encourage Army 
          personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Transportation to transfer ceremonies for family and next of 
          kin of members of the Armed Forces who die overseas during 
          humanitarian operations.
Sec. 622. Repeal of obsolete special travel and transportation allowance 
          for survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces from the 
          Vietnam conflict.
Sec. 623. Study and report on policy changes to the Joint Travel 
          Regulations.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       Part I--Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Modernized retirement system for members of the uniformed 
          services.
Sec. 632. Full participation for members of the uniformed services in 
          the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 633. Lump sum payments of certain retired pay.
Sec. 634. Continuation pay for full TSP members with 12 years of 
          service.
Sec. 635. Effective date and implementation.

                         Part II--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Death of former spouse beneficiaries and subsequent 
          remarriages under the Survivor Benefit Plan.

    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                         Benefits and Operations

Sec. 651. Plan to obtain budget-neutrality for the defense commissary 
          system and the military exchange system.
Sec. 652. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
          Commissary Surcharge, Non-appropriated Fund, and Privately-
          Financed Major Construction Program.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 661. Improvement of financial literacy and preparedness of members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 662. Recordation of obligations for installment payments of 
          incentive pays, allowances, and similar benefits when payment 
          is due.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Access to TRICARE Prime for certain beneficiaries.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing for the TRICARE pharmacy 
          benefits program.
Sec. 703. Expansion of continued health benefits coverage to include 
          discharged and released members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Access to health care under the TRICARE program for 
          beneficiaries of TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 705. Expansion of reimbursement for smoking cessation services for 
          certain TRICARE beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments caused by 
          administrative error under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 712. Publication of data on patient safety, quality of care, 
          satisfaction, and health outcome measures under the TRICARE 
          program.
Sec. 713. Expansion of evaluation of effectiveness of the TRICARE 
          program to include information on patient safety, quality of 
          care, and access to care at military medical treatment 
          facilities.
Sec. 714. Portability of health plans under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Joint uniform formulary for transition of care.
Sec. 716. Licensure of mental health professionals in TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Designation of certain non-Department mental health care 
          providers with knowledge relating to treatment of members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive standards and access to contraception counseling 
          for members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Provision of transportation of dependent patients relating to 
          obstetrical anesthesia services.
Sec. 722. Extension of authority for DOD-VA Health Care Sharing 
          Incentive Fund.
Sec. 723. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 724. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 725. Pilot program on urgent care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 726. Pilot program on incentive programs to improve health care 
          provided under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 727. Limitation on availability of funds for Department of Defense 
          Healthcare Management Systems Modernization.
Sec. 728. Submittal of information to Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
          relating to exposure to airborne hazards and open burn pits.
Sec. 729. Plan for development of procedures to measure data on mental 
          health care provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 730. Report on plans to improve experience with and eliminate 
          performance variability of health care provided by the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 731. Comptroller General study on gambling and problem gambling 
          behavior among members of the Armed Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Required review of acquisition-related functions of the Chiefs 
          of Staff of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 802. Role of Chiefs of Staff in the acquisition process.
Sec. 803. Expansion of rapid acquisition authority.
Sec. 804. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototyping and rapid 
          fielding.
Sec. 805. Use of alternative acquisition paths to acquire critical 
          national security capabilities.
Sec. 806. Secretary of Defense waiver of acquisition laws to acquire 
          vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 807. Acquisition authority of the Commander of United States Cyber 
          Command.
Sec. 808. Report on linking and streamlining requirements, acquisition, 
          and budget processes within Armed Forces.
Sec. 809. Advisory panel on streamlining and codifying acquisition 
          regulations.
Sec. 810. Review of time-based requirements process and budgeting and 
          acquisition systems.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Amendment relating to multiyear contract authority for 
          acquisition of property.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data and certification 
          requirements.
Sec. 813. Rights in technical data.
Sec. 814. Procurement of supplies for experimental purposes.
Sec. 815. Amendments to other transaction authority.
Sec. 816. Amendment to acquisition threshold for special emergency 
          procurement authority.
Sec. 817. Revision of method of rounding when making inflation 
          adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 821. Acquisition strategy required for each major defense 
          acquisition program, major automated information system, and 
          major system.
Sec. 822. Revision to requirements relating to risk management in 
          development of major defense acquisition programs and major 
          systems.
Sec. 823. Revision of Milestone A decision authority responsibilities 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 824. Revision of Milestone B decision authority responsibilities 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 825. Designation of milestone decision authority.
Sec. 826. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          definition periods.
Sec. 827. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          execution periods.
Sec. 828. Penalty for cost overruns.
Sec. 829. Streamlining of reporting requirements applicable to Assistant 
          Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering regarding 
          major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 830. Configuration Steering Boards for cost control under major 
          defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Repeal of requirement for stand-alone manpower estimates for 
          major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Revision to duties of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
          Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and the Deputy 
          Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Amendments to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund.
Sec. 842. Dual-track military professionals in operational and 
          acquisition specialities.
Sec. 843. Provision of joint duty assignment credit for acquisition 
          duty.
Sec. 844. Mandatory requirement for training related to the conduct of 
          market research.
Sec. 845. Independent study of implementation of defense acquisition 
          workforce improvement efforts.
Sec. 846. Extension of authority for the civilian acquisition workforce 
          personnel demonstration project.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 851. Procurement of commercial items.
Sec. 852. Modification to information required to be submitted by 
          offeror in procurement of major weapon systems as commercial 
          items.
Sec. 853. Use of recent prices paid by the Government in the 
          determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 854. Report on defense-unique laws applicable to the procurement of 
          commercial items and commercially available off-the-shelf 
          items.
Sec. 855. Market research and preference for commercial items.
Sec. 856. Limitation on conversion of procurements from commercial 
          acquisition procedures.
Sec. 857. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
          defense contractors as commercial items.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 861. Amendment to Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 862. Amendments to data quality improvement plan.
Sec. 863. Notice of contract consolidation for acquisition strategies.
Sec. 864. Clarification of requirements related to small business 
          contracts for services.
Sec. 865. Certification requirements for Business Opportunity 
          Specialists, commercial market representatives, and 
          procurement center representatives.
Sec. 866. Modifications to requirements for qualified HUBZone small 
          business concerns located in a base closure area.
Sec. 867. Joint venturing and teaming.
Sec. 868. Modification to and scorecard program for small business 
          contracting goals.
Sec. 869. Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the 
          Small Business Administration; petitions for reconsideration 
          of size standards.
Sec. 870. Additional duties of the Director of Small and Disadvantaged 
          Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Including subcontracting goals in agency responsibilities.
Sec. 872. Reporting related to failure of contractors to meet goals 
          under negotiated comprehensive small business subcontracting 
          plans.
Sec. 873. Pilot program for streamlining awards for innovative 
          technology projects.
Sec. 874. Surety bond requirements and amount of guarantee.
Sec. 875. Review of Government access to intellectual property rights of 
          private sector firms.
Sec. 876. Inclusion in annual technology and industrial capability 
          assessments of a determination about defense acquisition 
          program requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Consideration of potential program cost increases and schedule 
          delays resulting from oversight of defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 882. Examination and guidance relating to oversight and approval of 
          services contracts.
Sec. 883. Streamlining of requirements relating to defense business 
          systems.
Sec. 884. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 885. Amendments concerning detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
          electronic parts.
Sec. 886. Exception for AbilityOne products from authority to acquire 
          goods and services manufactured in Afghanistan, Central Asian 
          States, and Djibouti.
Sec. 887. Effective communication between government and industry.
Sec. 888. Standards for procurement of secure information technology and 
          cyber security systems.
Sec. 889. Unified information technology services.
Sec. 890. Cloud strategy for Department of Defense.
Sec. 891. Development period for Department of Defense information 
          technology systems.
Sec. 892. Revisions to pilot program on acquisition of military purpose 
          nondevelopmental items.
Sec. 893. Improved auditing of contracts.
Sec. 894. Sense of Congress on evaluation method for procurement of 
          audit or audit readiness services.
Sec. 895. Mitigating potential unfair competitive advantage of technical 
          advisors to acquisition programs.
Sec. 896. Survey on the costs of regulatory compliance.
Sec. 897. Treatment of interagency and State and local purchases when 
          the Department of Defense acts as contract intermediary for 
          the General Services Administration.
Sec. 898. Competition for religious services contracts.
Sec. 899. Pilot program regarding risk-based contracting for smaller 
          contract actions under the Truth in Negotiations Act.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 901. Update of statutory specification of functions of the Chairman 
          of the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force 
          development activities.
Sec. 902. Sense of Congress on the United States Marine Corps.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Accounting standards to value certain property, plant, and 
          equipment items.
Sec. 1003. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1004. Sense of Congress on sequestration.
Sec. 1005. Annual audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
          components by independent external auditors.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Extension and expansion of authority to provide additional 
          support for counter-drug activities of certain foreign 
          governments.
Sec. 1013. Sense of Congress on Central America.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Additional information supporting long-range plans for 
          construction of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1023. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
          certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Limitation on the use of funds for removal of ballistic 
          missile defense capabilities from Ticonderoga class cruisers.
Sec. 1026. Independent assessment of United States Combat Logistic Force 
          requirements.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
          certain countries of individuals detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Reenactment and modification of certain prior requirements 
          for certifications relating to transfer of detainees at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to foreign 
          countries and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1035. Comprehensive detention strategy.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
          closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Report on current detainees at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, determined or assessed to be high risk 
          or medium risk.
Sec. 1038. Reports to Congress on contact between terrorists and 
          individuals formerly detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1039. Inclusion in reports to Congress of information about 
          recidivism of individuals formerly detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1040. Report to Congress on terms of written agreements with 
          foreign countries regarding transfer of detainees at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1041. Report on use of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba, and other Department of Defense or Bureau of Prisons 
          prisons or detention or disciplinary facilities in recruitment 
          or other propaganda of terrorist organizations.
Sec. 1042. Permanent authority to provide rewards through government 
          personnel of allied forces and certain other modifications to 
          Department of Defense program to provide rewards.
Sec. 1043. Sunset on exception to congressional notification of 
          sensitive military operations.
Sec. 1044. Repeal of semiannual reports on obligation and expenditure of 
          funds for the combating terrorism program.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on interrogation techniques.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Department of Defense excess property program.
Sec. 1052. Sale or donation of excess personal property for border 
          security activities.
Sec. 1053. Management of military technicians.
Sec. 1054. Limitation on transfer of certain AH-64 Apache helicopters 
          from Army National Guard to regular Army and related personnel 
          levels.
Sec. 1055. Authority to provide training and support to personnel of 
          foreign ministries of defense.
Sec. 1056. Information operations and engagement technology 
          demonstrations.
Sec. 1057. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of Helicopter Sea 
          Combat Squadron 84 and 85 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
          certain landmines and report on department of defense policy 
          and inventory of anti-personnel landmine munitions.
Sec. 1059. Department of Defense authority to provide assistance to 
          secure the southern land border of the United States.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1060. Provision of defense planning guidance and contingency 
          planning guidance information to Congress.
Sec. 1061. Expedited meetings of the National Commission on the Future 
          of the Army.
Sec. 1062. Modification of certain reports submitted by Comptroller 
          General of the United States.
Sec. 1063. Report on implementation of the geographically distributed 
          force laydown in the area of responsibility of United States 
          Pacific Command.
Sec. 1064. Independent study of national security strategy formulation 
          process.
Sec. 1065. Report on the status of detection, identification, and 
          disablement capabilities related to remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1066. Report on options to accelerate the training of pilots of 
          remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1067. Studies of fleet platform architectures for the Navy.
Sec. 1068. Report on strategy to protect United States national security 
          interests in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1069. Comptroller General briefing and report on major medical 
          facility projects of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1070. Submittal to Congress of munitions assessments.
Sec. 1071. Potential role for United States ground forces in the Western 
          Pacific theater.
Sec. 1072. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          military personnel issues.
Sec. 1073. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements relating to 
          readiness.
Sec. 1074. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to naval 
          vessels and Merchant Marine.
Sec. 1075. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          civilian personnel.
Sec. 1076. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          nuclear proliferation and related matters.
Sec. 1077. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          acquisition.
Sec. 1078. Repeal or revision of miscellaneous reporting requirements.
Sec. 1079. Repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 1080. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
          reports required of Department of Defense by statute.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Situations involving bombings of places of public use, 
          Government facilities, public transportation systems, and 
          infrastructure facilities.
Sec. 1083. Executive agent for the oversight and management of 
          alternative compensatory control measures.
Sec. 1084. Navy support of Ocean Research Advisory Panel.
Sec. 1085. Level of readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers.
Sec. 1086. Reform and improvement of personnel security, insider threat 
          detection and prevention, and physical security.
Sec. 1087. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
          of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1088. Modification of requirements for transferring aircraft within 
          the Air Force inventory.
Sec. 1089. Reestablishment of Commission to Assess the Threat to the 
          United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack.
Sec. 1090. Mine countermeasures master plan and report.
Sec. 1091. Congressional notification and briefing requirement on 
          ordered evacuations of United States embassies and consulates 
          involving support provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1092. Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator.
Sec. 1093. Sense of Congress on the inadvertent transfer of anthrax from 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1094. Modification of certain requirements applicable to major 
          medical facility lease for a Department of Veterans Affairs 
          outpatient clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Sec. 1095. Authorization of fiscal year 2015 major medical facility 
          projects of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1096. Designation of construction agent for certain construction 
          projects by Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1097. Department of Defense strategy for countering unconventional 
          warfare.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Procedures for reduction in force of Department of Defense 
          civilian personnel.
Sec. 1102. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1103. Extension of rate of overtime pay for Department of the Navy 
          employees performing work aboard or dockside in support of the 
          nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1104. Modification to temporary authorities for certain positions 
          at Department of Defense research and engineering facilities.
Sec. 1105. Required probationary period for new employees of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1106. Delay of periodic step increase for civilian employees of the 
          Department of Defense based upon unacceptable performance.
Sec. 1107. United States Cyber Command workforce.
Sec. 1108. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1109. Pilot program on dynamic shaping of the workforce to improve 
          the technical skills and expertise at certain Department of 
          Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1110. Pilot program on temporary exchange of financial management 
          and acquisition personnel.
Sec. 1111. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain 
          acquisition and technology positions in the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1112. Pilot program on direct hire authority for veteran technical 
          experts into the defense acquisition workforce.
Sec. 1113. Direct hire authority for technical experts into the defense 
          acquisition workforce.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition forces 
          supporting certain United States military operations.
Sec. 1202. Strategic framework for Department of Defense security 
          cooperation.
Sec. 1203. Redesignation, modification, and extension of National Guard 
          State Partnership Program.
Sec. 1204. Extension of authority for non-reciprocal exchanges of 
          defense personnel between the United States and foreign 
          countries.
Sec. 1205. Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, disaster, 
          and civic aid programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1206. One-year extension of funding limitations for authority to 
          build the capacity of foreign security forces.
Sec. 1207. Authority to provide support to national military forces of 
          allied countries for counterterrorism operations in Africa.
Sec. 1208. Reports on training of foreign military intelligence units 
          provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1209. Prohibition on security assistance to entities in Yemen 
          controlled by the Houthi movement.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
          Program.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Additional matter in semiannual report on enhancing security 
          and stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
          provide defense services to the military and security forces 
          of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Modification of protection for Afghan allies.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria and Iraq

Sec. 1221. Extension of authority to support operations and activities 
          of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1222. Strategy for the Middle East and to counter violent 
          extremism.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to provide assistance to counter 
          the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
Sec. 1224. Reports on United States Armed Forces deployed in support of 
          Operation Inherent Resolve.
Sec. 1225. Matters relating to support for the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1226. Support to the Government of Jordan and the Government of 
          Lebanon for border security operations.
Sec. 1227. Sense of Congress on the security and protection of Iranian 
          dissidents living in Camp Liberty, Iraq.

                  Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Iran

Sec. 1231. Modification and extension of annual report on the military 
          power of Iran.
Sec. 1232. Sense of Congress on the Government of Iran's malign 
          activities.
Sec. 1233. Report on military-to-military engagements with Iran.
Sec. 1234. Security guarantees to countries in the Middle East.
Sec. 1235. Rule of construction.

         Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1241. Notifications relating to testing, production, deployment, 
          and sale or transfer to other states or non-state actors of 
          the Club-K cruise missile system by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1242. Notifications of deployment of nuclear weapons by Russian 
          Federation to territory of Ukrainian Republic or Russian 
          territory of Kaliningrad.
Sec. 1243. Measures in response to non-compliance by the Russian 
          Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1244. Modification of notification and assessment of proposal to 
          modify or introduce new aircraft or sensors for flight by the 
          Russian Federation under the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1245. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1246. Limitation on military cooperation between the United States 
          and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1247. Report on implementation of the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1248. Additional matters in annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1249. Report on alternative capabilities to procure and sustain 
          nonstandard rotary wing aircraft historically procured through 
          Rosoboronexport.
Sec. 1250. Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
Sec. 1251. Training for Eastern European national military forces in the 
          course of multilateral exercises.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Asia-Pacific Region

Sec. 1261. Strategy to promote United States interests in the Indo-Asia-
          Pacific region.
Sec. 1262. Requirement to submit Department of Defense policy regarding 
          foreign disclosure or technology release of Aegis Ashore 
          capability to Japan.
Sec. 1263. South China Sea Initiative.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Two-year extension and modification of authorization for non-
          conventional assisted recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1272. Amendment to the annual report under Arms Control and 
          Disarmament Act.
Sec. 1273. Extension of authorization to conduct activities to enhance 
          the capability of foreign countries to respond to incidents 
          involving weapons of mass destruction.
Sec. 1274. Modification of authority for support of special operations 
          to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1275. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
          Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1276. Report on the security relationship between the United States 
          and the Republic of Cyprus.
Sec. 1277. Sense of Congress on European defense and the North Atlantic 
          Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1278. Briefing on the sale of certain fighter aircraft to Qatar.
Sec. 1279. United States-Israel anti-tunnel cooperation.
Sec. 1280. NATO Special Operations Headquarters.
Sec. 1281. Increased presence of United States ground forces in Eastern 
          Europe to deter aggression on the border of the North Atlantic 
          Treaty Organization.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1403. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1404. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1405. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1406. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1407. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Extension of date for completion of destruction of existing 
          stockpile of lethal chemical agents and munitions.

                    Subtitle C--Working-Capital Funds

Sec. 1421. Limitation on cessation or suspension of distribution of 
          funds from Department of Defense working-capital funds.
Sec. 1422. Working-capital fund reserve account for petroleum market 
          price fluctuations.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1432. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
          appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health program.
Sec. 1510. Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.

           Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1532. Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1533. Availability of Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund 
          for training of foreign security forces to defeat improvised 
          explosive devices.
Sec. 1534. Comptroller General report on use of certain funds provided 
          for operation and maintenance.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Major force program and budget for national security space 
          programs.
Sec. 1602. Principal advisor on space control.
Sec. 1603. Council on Oversight of the Department of Defense 
          Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Enterprise.
Sec. 1604. Modification to development of space science and technology 
          strategy.
Sec. 1605. Delegation of authority regarding purchase of Global 
          Positioning System user equipment.
Sec. 1606. Rocket propulsion system development program.
Sec. 1607. Exception to the prohibition on contracting with Russian 
          suppliers of rocket engines for the evolved expendable launch 
          vehicle program.
Sec. 1608. Acquisition strategy for evolved expendable launch vehicle 
          program.
Sec. 1609. Allocation of funding for evolved expendable launch vehicle 
          program.
Sec. 1610. Consolidation of acquisition of wideband satellite 
          communications.
Sec. 1611. Analysis of alternatives for wide-band communications.
Sec. 1612. Expansion of goals and modification of pilot program for 
          acquisition of commercial satellite communication services.
Sec. 1613. Integrated policy to deter adversaries in space.
Sec. 1614. Prohibition on reliance on China and Russia for space-based 
          weather data.
Sec. 1615. Limitation on availability of funds for weather satellite 
          follow-on system.
Sec. 1616. Limitations on availability of funds for the Defense 
          Meteorological Satellite program.
Sec. 1617. Streamline of commercial space launch activities.
Sec. 1618. Plan on full integration and exploitation of overhead 
          persistent infrared capability.
Sec. 1619. Options for rapid space reconstitution.
Sec. 1620. Evaluation of exploitation of space-based infrared system 
          against additional threats.
Sec. 1621. Quarterly reports on Global Positioning System III space 
          segment, Global Positioning System operational control 
          segment, and Military Global Positioning System user equipment 
          acquisition programs.
Sec. 1622. Sense of Congress on missile defense sensors in space.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1631. Executive agent for open-source intelligence tools.
Sec. 1632. Waiver and congressional notification requirements related to 
          facilities for intelligence collection or for special 
          operations abroad.
Sec. 1633. Prohibition on National Intelligence Program consolidation.
Sec. 1634. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
Sec. 1635. Department of Defense intelligence needs.
Sec. 1636. Report on management of certain programs of Defense 
          intelligence elements.
Sec. 1637. Report on Air National Guard contributions to the RQ-4 Global 
          Hawk mission.
Sec. 1638. Government Accountability Office review of intelligence input 
          to the defense acquisition process.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1641. Codification and addition of liability protections relating 
          to reporting on cyber incidents or penetrations of networks 
          and information systems of certain contractors.
Sec. 1642. Authorization of military cyber operations.
Sec. 1643. Limitation on availability of funds pending the submission of 
          integrated policy to deter adversaries in cyberspace.
Sec. 1644. Authorization for procurement of relocatable Sensitive 
          Compartmented Information Facility.
Sec. 1645. Designation of military department entity responsible for 
          acquisition of critical cyber capabilities.
Sec. 1646. Assessment of capabilities of United States Cyber Command to 
          defend the United States from cyber attacks.
Sec. 1647. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
          of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1648. Comprehensive plan and biennial exercises on responding to 
          cyber attacks.
Sec. 1649. Sense of Congress on reviewing and considering findings and 
          recommendations of Council of Governors on cyber capabilities 
          of the Armed Forces.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1651. Assessment of threats to National Leadership Command, 
          Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1652. Organization of nuclear deterrence functions of the Air 
          Force.
Sec. 1653. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
          ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1654. Prohibition on availability of funds for de-alerting 
          intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1655. Assessment of global nuclear environment.
Sec. 1656. Annual briefing on the costs of forward-deploying nuclear 
          weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1657. Report on the number of planned long-range standoff weapons.
Sec. 1658. Review of Comptroller General of the United States on 
          recommendations relating to nuclear enterprise of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1659. Sense of Congress on organization of Navy for nuclear 
          deterrence mission.
Sec. 1660. Sense of Congress on the nuclear force improvement program of 
          the Air Force.
Sec. 1661. Senses of Congress on importance of cooperation and 
          collaboration between United States and United Kingdom on 
          nuclear issues and on 60th anniversary of Fleet Ballistic 
          Missile Program.
Sec. 1662. Sense of Congress on plan for implementation of Nuclear 
          Enterprise Reviews.
Sec. 1663. Sense of Congress and report on milestone A decision on long-
          range standoff weapon.
Sec. 1664. Sense of Congress on policy on the nuclear triad.
Sec. 1665. Report relating to the costs associated with extending the 
          life of the Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile.

         Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs and Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Prohibitions on providing certain missile defense information 
          to Russian Federation.
Sec. 1672. Prohibition on integration of missile defense systems of 
          Russian Federation into missile defense systems of United 
          States.
Sec. 1673. Prohibition on integration of missile defense systems of 
          China into missile defense systems of United States.
Sec. 1674. Limitations on availability of funds for Patriot lower tier 
          air and missile defense capability of the Army.
Sec. 1675. Integration and interoperability of air and missile defense 
          capabilities of the United States.
Sec. 1676. Integration and interoperability of allied missile defense 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1677. Missile defense capability in Europe.
Sec. 1678. Availability of funds for Iron Dome short-range rocket 
          defense system.
Sec. 1679. Israeli cooperative missile defense program codevelopment and 
          coproduction.
Sec. 1680. Boost phase defense system.
Sec. 1681. Development and deployment of multiple-object kill vehicle 
          for missile defense of the United States homeland.
Sec. 1682. Requirement to replace capability enhancement I 
          exoatmospheric kill vehicles.
Sec. 1683. Designation of preferred location of additional missile 
          defense site in the United States and plan for expediting 
          deployment time of such site.
Sec. 1684. Additional missile defense sensor coverage for protection of 
          United States homeland.
Sec. 1685. Concept development of space-based missile defense layer.
Sec. 1686. Aegis Ashore capability development.
Sec. 1687. Development of requirements to support integrated air and 
          missile defense capabilities.
Sec. 1688. Extension of requirement for Comptroller General of the 
          United States review and assessment of missile defense 
          acquisition programs.
Sec. 1689. Report on medium range ballistic missile defense sensor 
          alternatives for enhanced defense of Hawaii.
Sec. 1690. Sense of Congress and report on validated military 
          requirement and Milestone A decision on prompt global strike 
          weapon system.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2013 project.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.
Sec. 2108. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2016 
          project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2010 project.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2014 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 project.
Sec. 2308. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2012 
          project.
Sec. 2309. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
          project.
Sec. 2310. Certification of optimal location for Joint Intelligence 
          Analysis Complex and plan for rotation of forces at Lajes 
          Field, Azores.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2012 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.
Sec. 2407. Modification and extension of authority to carry out certain 
          fiscal year 2014 project.
Sec. 2408. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 project.

   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                 PROGRAM

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification and extension of authority to carry out certain 
          fiscal year 2013 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
          projects.
Sec. 2614. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
          projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense base 
          closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional Base Realignment and 
          Closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                 Changes

Sec. 2801. Revision of congressional notification thresholds for reserve 
          facility expenditures and contributions to reflect 
          congressional notification thresholds for minor construction 
          and repair projects.
Sec. 2802. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
          and maintenance funds for construction projects outside the 
          United States.
Sec. 2803. Defense laboratory modernization pilot program.
Sec. 2804. Temporary authority for acceptance and use of contributions 
          for certain construction, maintenance, and repair projects 
          mutually beneficial to the Department of Defense and Kuwait 
          military forces.
Sec. 2805. Conveyance to Indian tribes of relocatable military housing 
          units at military installations in the United States.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Protection of Department of Defense installations.
Sec. 2812. Enhancement of authority to accept conditional gifts of real 
          property on behalf of military service academies.
Sec. 2813. Utility system conveyance authority.
Sec. 2814. Leasing of non-excess property of military departments and 
          Defense Agencies; treatment of value provided by local 
          education agencies and elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 2815. Force-structure plan and infrastructure inventory and 
          assessment of infrastructure necessary to support the force 
          structure.
Sec. 2816. Temporary reporting requirements related to main operating 
          bases, forward operating sites, and cooperative security 
          locations.
Sec. 2817. Exemption of Army off-site use and off-site removal only non-
          mobile properties from certain excess property disposal 
          requirements.

   Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Asia-Pacific Military Realignment

Sec. 2821. Limited exception to restriction on development of public 
          infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine Corps 
          forces in Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 2822. Annual report on Government of Japan contributions toward 
          realignment of Marine Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Release of reversionary interest retained as part of 
          conveyance to the Economic Development Alliance of Jefferson 
          County, Arkansas.
Sec. 2832. Land exchange authority, Mare Island Army Reserve Center, 
          Vallejo, California.
Sec. 2833. Land exchange, Navy Outlying Landing Field, Naval Air 
          Station, Whiting Field, Florida.
Sec. 2834. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
          land conveyance, Camp Villere, Louisiana.
Sec. 2835. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
          land conveyance, Fort Bliss Military Reservation, Texas.

                  Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Additional withdrawal and reservation of public land, Naval 
          Air Weapons Station China Lake, California.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2851. Modification of Department of Defense guidance on use of 
          airfield pavement markings.
Sec. 2852. Extension of authority for establishment of commemorative 
          work in honor of Brigadier General Francis Marion.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

          Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Improvement to accountability of Department of Energy 
          employees and projects.
Sec. 3112. Stockpile responsiveness program.
Sec. 3113. Notification of cost overruns and Selected Acquisition 
          Reports for major alteration projects.
Sec. 3114. Root cause analyses for certain cost overruns.
Sec. 3115. Funding of laboratory-directed research and development 
          programs.
Sec. 3116. Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant contract 
          oversight.
Sec. 3117. Use of best practices for capital asset projects and nuclear 
          weapon life extension programs.
Sec. 3118. Research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel 
          system based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3119. Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium.
Sec. 3120. Establishment of microlab pilot program.
Sec. 3121. Prohibition on availability of funds for provision of defense 
          nuclear nonproliferation assistance to Russian Federation.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for new fixed site 
          radiological portal monitors in foreign countries.
Sec. 3123. Limitation on availability of funds for certain arms control 
          and nonproliferation technologies.
Sec. 3124. Limitation on availability of funds for nuclear weapons 
          dismantlement.

                      Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Long-term plan for meeting national security requirements for 
          unencumbered uranium.
Sec. 3132. Defense nuclear nonproliferation management plan and reports.
Sec. 3133. Plan for deactivation and decommissioning of nonoperational 
          defense nuclear facilities.
Sec. 3134. Assessment of emergency preparedness of defense nuclear 
          facilities.
Sec. 3135. Modifications to cost-benefit analyses for competition of 
          management and operating contracts.
Sec. 3136. Interagency review of applications for the transfer of United 
          States civil nuclear technology.
Sec. 3137. Governance and management of nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3138. Annual report on number of full-time equivalent employees and 
          contractor employees.
Sec. 3139. Development of strategy on risks to nonproliferation caused 
          by additive manufacturing.
Sec. 3140. Plutonium pit production capacity.
Sec. 3141. Assessments on nuclear proliferation risks and nuclear 
          nonproliferation opportunities.
Sec. 3142. Analysis of alternatives for Mobile Guardian Transporter 
          program.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Administration of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                   TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Sense of Congress regarding Maritime Security Fleet program.
Sec. 3503. Update of references to the Secretary of Transportation 
          regarding unemployment insurance and vessel operators.
Sec. 3504. Payment for Maritime Security Fleet vessels.
Sec. 3505. Melville Hall of United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3506. Cadet commitment agreements.
Sec. 3507. Student incentive payment agreements.
Sec. 3508. Short sea transportation defined.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
Sec. 4002. Clarification of applicability of undistributed reductions of 
          certain operation and maintenance funding among all operation 
          and maintenance funding.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance base requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.
    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.
    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Prioritization of upgraded UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters within 
          Army National Guard.
Sec. 112. Roadmap for replacement of A/MH-6 Mission Enhanced Little Bird 
          aircraft to meet special operations requirements.
Sec. 113. Report on options to accelerate replacement of UH-60A 
          Blackhawk helicopters of Army National Guard.
Sec. 114. Sense of Congress on tactical wheeled vehicle protection kits.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of CVN-78 class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Amendment to cost limitation baseline for CVN-78 class 
          aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 123. Extension and modification of limitation on availability of 
          funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 124. Modification to multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh 
          Burke class destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 125. Procurement of additional Arleigh Burke class destroyer.
Sec. 126. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. George 
          Washington.
Sec. 127. Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. John F. Kennedy 
          (CVN-79).
Sec. 129. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. Enterprise 
          (CVN-80).
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 131. Reporting requirement for Ohio-class replacement submarine 
          program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Backup inventory status of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 142. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 143. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of EC-130H 
          Compass Call aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
          Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, EC-130H Compass Call, 
          and Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35A aircraft 
          procurement.
Sec. 146. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of KC-10 
          aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for transfer of C-130 
          aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for executive 
          communications upgrades for C-20 and C-37 aircraft.
Sec. 149. Limitation on availability of funds for T-1A Jayhawk aircraft.
Sec. 150. Notification of retirement of B-1, B-2, and B-52 bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 151. Inventory requirement for fighter aircraft of the Air Force.
Sec. 152. Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of F-35A 
          aircraft.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Battle Command-
          Platform.
Sec. 162. Report on Army and Marine Corps modernization plan for small 
          arms.
Sec. 163. Study on use of different types of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition 
          by the Army and the Marine Corps.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

    SEC. 111. PRIORITIZATION OF UPGRADED UH-60 BLACKHAWK HELICOPTERS 
      WITHIN ARMY NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) Prioritization of Upgrades.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau shall issue guidance regarding the fielding of upgraded UH-60 
Blackhawk helicopters to units of the Army National Guard. Such 
guidance shall prioritize for such fielding the units of the Army 
National Guard with assigned UH-60 helicopters that have the most 
flight hours and the highest annual usage rates within the UH-60 fleet 
of the Army National Guard, consistent with the force generation unit 
readiness requirements of the Army.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau issues the guidance under subsection 
(a), the Chief shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that details such guidance.
    SEC. 112. ROADMAP FOR REPLACEMENT OF A/MH-6 MISSION ENHANCED LITTLE 
      BIRD AIRCRAFT TO MEET SPECIAL OPERATIONS REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Roadmap.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a roadmap for replacing A/MH-6 Mission 
Enhanced Little Bird aircraft to meet the rotary-wing, light attack, 
reconnaissance requirements particular to special operations.
    (b) Elements.--The roadmap under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) An updated schedule and display of programmed A/MH-6 Block 
    3.0 modernization and upgrades, showing usable life of the fleet, 
    and the anticipated service life extensions of all A/MH-6 
    platforms.
        (2) A description of current and anticipated rotary-wing, light 
    attack, reconnaissance requirements and platforms particular to 
    special operations, including key performance parameters of 
    anticipated platforms.
        (3) The feasibility of service-common platforms satisfying 
    future rotary-wing, light attack, reconnaissance requirements 
    particular to special operations.
        (4) The feasibility of commercially available platforms 
    satisfying future rotary-wing, light attack, reconnaissance 
    requirements particular to special operations.
        (5) The anticipated funding requirements for the special 
    operation forces major force program for the development and 
    procurement of an A/MH-6 replacement platform if the service-common 
    platforms described in paragraph (3) are not available or if 
    commercially available platforms described in paragraph (4) are 
    leveraged.
        (6) A description of efforts as of the date of the roadmap to 
    coordinate with the military departments on a service-common 
    platform to satisfy replacement platform requirements.
        (7) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
    SEC. 113. REPORT ON OPTIONS TO ACCELERATE REPLACEMENT OF UH-60A 
      BLACKHAWK HELICOPTERS OF ARMY NATIONAL GUARD.
    Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of the Army shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing 
detailed options for the potential acceleration of the replacement of 
all UH-60A helicopters of the Army National Guard by not later than 
September 30, 2020. The report shall include the following:
        (1) The additional funding and quantities required, listed by 
    each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020, for H-60M production, UH-
    60A-to-L RECAP, and UH-60L-to-V RECAP that is necessary to achieve 
    such replacement of all UH-60A helicopters by September 30, 2020.
        (2) Any industrial base limitations that may affect such 
    acceleration, including with respect to the production schedules 
    for the other variants of the UH-60 helicopter.
        (3) The potential effects of such acceleration on the planned 
    replacement of all UH-60A helicopters of the regular components of 
    the Armed Forces by September 30, 2025.
        (4) Identification of any additional funding or resources 
    required to train members of the National Guard to operate and 
    maintain UH-60M aircraft in order to achieve such replacement of 
    all UH-60A helicopters by September 30, 2020.
        (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
    SEC. 114. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON TACTICAL WHEELED VEHICLE PROTECTION 
      KITS.
    It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) members of the Army face an increasingly complex and 
    evolving threat environment that requires advanced and effective 
    technology to protect soldiers while allowing the soldiers to 
    effectively carry out the mission of the Army;
        (2) the heavy tactical vehicle protection kits program provides 
    the Army with improved and necessary ballistic protection for the 
    heavy tactical vehicle fleet;
        (3) a secure heavy tactical vehicle fleet provides the Army 
    with greater logistical tractability and offers soldiers the 
    necessary flexibility to tailor armor levels based on threat levels 
    and mission requirements; and
        (4) as Congress provides for a modern and secure Army, it is 
    necessary to provide the appropriate funding levels to meet the 
    tactical wheeled vehicle protection kits acquisition objectives of 
    the Army.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

    SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF CVN-78 CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROGRAM.
    (a) Reports on Design and Engineering Changes.--Subsection (f) of 
section 122 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104), as added by 
section 121(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 692), is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) CVN-78 class aircraft carriers change orders.--
            ``(A) As part of each report required under paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall include a description of new design and 
        engineering changes to CVN-78 class aircraft carriers if 
        applicable.
            ``(B) The additional reporting requirement in subparagraph 
        (A) shall include, with respect to CVN-78 class aircraft 
        carriers in each reporting period--
                ``(i) any design or engineering change with an 
            associated cost greater than $5,000,000;
                ``(ii) any program or ship cost increases for each 
            design or engineering change identified in subparagraph 
            (A); and
                ``(iii) any cost reduction achieved.
            ``(C) The Secretary and the Chief of Naval Operations, 
        without delegation, shall jointly certify the design and 
        engineering changes included in each report under paragraph 
        (1), as required by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph. Each 
        certification shall include a determination that each such 
        change--
                ``(i) serves the national security interests of the 
            United States; and
                ``(ii) cannot be deferred to a future ship because of 
            operational necessity, safety, or substantial cost 
            reduction that still meets threshold requirements.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such subsection is further amended--
        (1) by striking the heading and inserting the following new 
    heading: ``Requirements for CVN-78 Class Aircraft Carriers''; and
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking the heading and inserting the 
    following new heading: ``CVN-79 quarterly cost estimate''.
    SEC. 122. AMENDMENT TO COST LIMITATION BASELINE FOR CVN-78 CLASS 
      AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROGRAM.
    (a) Cost Limitation.--Section 122(a)(2) of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
Stat. 2104), as amended by section 121(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 
691), is further amended by striking ``$11,498,000,000'' and inserting 
``$11,398,000,000''.
    (b) Factor for Adjustment.--Subsection (b) of such section 122, as 
amended by section 121(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2014, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(8) With respect to the aircraft carrier designated as CVN-
    79, the amounts of increases not exceeding $100,000,000 if the 
    Chief of Naval Operations determines that achieving the amount set 
    forth in subsection (a)(2) (as amended by section 122(a) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016) would 
    result in unacceptable reductions to the operational capability of 
    the ship.''.
    SEC. 123. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY 
      OF FUNDS FOR LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.
    Section 124(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 693), as amended by section 123 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 
3314), is further amended--
        (1) by striking ``this Act, the Carl Levin and Howard P. `Buck' 
    McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015, or 
    otherwise made available for fiscal years 2014 or 2015'' and 
    inserting ``this Act, the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2016, or otherwise made available for fiscal years 
    2014, 2015, or 2016''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(6) A Littoral Combat Ship seaframe acquisition strategy for 
    the Littoral Combat Ships designated as LCS 25 through LCS 32, 
    including upgrades to be installed on these ships that were 
    identified for the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship, which is proposed 
    to commence with LCS 33.
        ``(7) A Littoral Combat Ship mission module acquisition 
    strategy to reach the total acquisition quantity of each mission 
    module.
        ``(8) A cost and schedule plan to outfit Flight 0 and Flight 0+ 
    Littoral Combat Ships with capabilities identified for the upgraded 
    Littoral Combat Ship.
        ``(9) A current Test and Evaluation Master Plan for the 
    Littoral Combat Ship Mission Modules, approved by the Director of 
    Operational Test and Evaluation, which includes the performance 
    levels expected to be demonstrated during developmental testing for 
    each component and mission module prior to commencing the 
    associated operational test phase.''.
    SEC. 124. MODIFICATION TO MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR 
      ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS DESTROYERS AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS.
    Section 123(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1655) is amended by inserting 
``or Flight III'' after ``Flight IIA''.
    SEC. 125. PROCUREMENT OF ADDITIONAL ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS DESTROYER.
    (a) Procurement Authority.--
        (1) Additional destroyer.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
    procure one Arleigh Burke class destroyer, in addition to any other 
    procurement of such ships otherwise authorized by law, to be 
    procured either--
            (A) as an addition to the contract covering the 10 Arleigh 
        Burke class destroyers authorized to be procured under section 
        123 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1655); or
            (B) under a separate contract in fiscal year 2018.
        (2) Incremental funding.--The Secretary may employ incremental 
    funding for the procurement authorized under paragraph (1).
    (b) Condition on Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2016 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such fiscal year.
    SEC. 126. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAUL OF THE U.S.S. GEORGE 
      WASHINGTON.
    (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. 
George Washington (CVN-73).
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to any contract 
entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear refueling and complex 
overhaul of the U.S.S. George Washington, the Secretary may use 
incremental funding for a period not to exceed six years after advance 
procurement funds for such nuclear refueling and complex overhaul 
effort are first obligated.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2016 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for that later fiscal year.
    SEC. 127. FLEET REPLENISHMENT OILER PROGRAM.
    (a) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into 
one or more contracts to procure up to six Fleet Replenishment Oilers. 
Such procurements may also include advance procurement for economic 
order quantity and long lead time materials, beginning with the lead 
ship, commencing not earlier than fiscal year 2016.
    (b) Liability.--Any contract entered into under subsection (a) 
shall provide that any obligation of the United States to make a 
payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose, and that total liability to the 
Government for termination of any contract entered into shall be 
limited to the total amount of funding obligated at the time of 
termination.
    SEC. 128. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR U.S.S. JOHN F. 
      KENNEDY (CVN-79).
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for procurement 
for the U.S.S. John F. Kennedy (CVN-79), $100,000,000 may not be 
obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Navy 
submits to the congressional defense committees the certification under 
subsection (b)(1) or the notification under paragraph (2) of such 
subsection, as the case may be, and the reports under subsections (c) 
and (d).
    (b) Certification Regarding Full Ship Shock Trials.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided by paragraph (2), not later 
    than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
    Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a certification that the Navy will conduct full ship 
    shock trials on the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) prior to the 
    first deployment of such ship.
        (2) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
    certification required under paragraph (1) if the Secretary submits 
    to the congressional defense committees a notification of such 
    waiver, including--
            (A) the rationale of the Secretary for issuing such waiver;
            (B) a certification that the Secretary has analyzed and 
        accepts the operational risk of the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford 
        deploying without having conducted full ship shock trials; and
            (C) a certification that full ship shock trials will be 
        completed on the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford after the first 
        deployment of such ship and prior to the first major 
        maintenance availability of such ship.
    (c) Report on Costs Relating to CVN-79 and CVN-80.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report that evaluates cost 
    issues related to the U.S.S. John F. Kennedy (CVN-79) and the 
    U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80).
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) Options to achieve ship end cost of no more than 
        $10,000,000,000.
            (B) Options to freeze the design of CVN-79 for CVN-80, with 
        exceptions only for changes due to full ship shock trials or 
        other significant test and evaluation results.
            (C) Options to reduce the plans cost for CVN-80 to less 
        than 50 percent of the CVN-79 plans cost.
            (D) Options to transition all non-nuclear Government-
        furnished equipment, including launch and arresting equipment, 
        to contractor-furnished equipment.
            (E) Options to build the ships at the most economic pace, 
        such as four years between ships.
            (F) A business case analysis for the Enterprise Air Search 
        Radar modification to CVN-79 and CVN-80.
            (G) A business case analysis for the two-phase CVN-79 
        delivery proposal and impact on fleet deployments.
    (d) Report on Future Development.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
    the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on potential requirements, capabilities, and alternatives 
    for the future development of aircraft carriers that would replace 
    or supplement the CVN-78 class aircraft carrier.
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) A description of fleet, sea-based tactical aviation 
        capability requirements for a range of operational scenarios 
        beginning in the 2025 timeframe.
            (B) A description of alternative aircraft carrier designs 
        that meet the requirements described under subparagraph (A).
            (C) A description of nuclear and non-nuclear propulsion 
        options.
            (D) A description of tonnage options ranging from less than 
        20,000 tons to greater than 100,000 tons.
            (E) Requirements for unmanned systems integration from 
        inception.
            (F) Developmental, procurement, and lifecycle cost 
        assessment of alternatives.
            (G) A notional acquisition strategy for the development and 
        construction of alternatives.
            (H) A description of shipbuilding industrial base 
        considerations and a plan to ensure opportunity for competition 
        among alternatives.
            (I) A description of funding and timing considerations 
        related to developing the Annual Long-Range Plan for 
        Construction of Naval Vessels required under section 231 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 129. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR U.S.S. ENTERPRISE 
      (CVN-80).
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for advance 
procurement for the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80), $191,400,000 may not be 
obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Navy 
submits to the congressional defense committees the certification under 
subsection (b) and the report under subsection (c).
    (b) Certification Regarding CVN-80 Design.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a certification 
that the design of the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80) will repeat the 
design of CVN-79, with modifications only for significant test and 
evaluation results or significant cost reduction initiatives that still 
meet threshold requirements.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report that details the 
    costs of the plans related to the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80).
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following elements, reported by total cost and cost by fiscal year, 
    with a detailed description and a justification for why each cost 
    is recurring and attributable to the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80):
            (A) Overall plans.
            (B) Propulsion plant detail design.
            (C) Platform detail design.
            (D) Lead yard services and hull planning yard.
            (E) Platform detail design (Steam and Electric Plant 
        Planning Yard).
            (F) Other.
    SEC. 130. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR LITTORAL COMBAT 
      SHIP.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for research and development, 
design, construction, procurement, or advanced procurement of materials 
for the Littoral Combat Ships designated as LCS 33 or subsequent, not 
more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until Secretary of 
the Navy submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives each of the following:
        (1) A capabilities based assessment, or equivalent report, to 
    assess capability gaps and associated capability requirements and 
    risks for the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship, which is proposed to 
    commence with LCS 33. Such assessment shall conform with the Joint 
    Capabilities Integration and Development System, including Chairman 
    of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction 3170.01H.
        (2) A certification that the Joint Requirements Oversight 
    Council has validated an updated Capabilities Development Document 
    for the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship.
        (3) A report describing the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship 
    modernization, which shall, at a minimum, include the following 
    elements:
            (A) A description of capabilities that the Littoral Combat 
        Ship program delivers, and a description of how these relate to 
        the characteristics of the future joint force identified in the 
        Capstone Concept for Joint Operations, concept of operations, 
        and integrated architecture documents.
            (B) A summary of analyses and studies conducted on Littoral 
        Combat Ship modernization.
            (C) A concept of operations for Littoral Combat Ship at the 
        operational level and tactical level describing how they 
        integrate and synchronize with joint and combined forces to 
        achieve the Joint Force Commander's intent.
            (D) A description of threat systems of potential 
        adversaries that are projected or assessed to reach initial 
        operational capability within 15 years against which the 
        lethality and survivability of the Littoral Combat Ship should 
        be determined.
            (E) A plan and timeline for Littoral Combat Ship 
        modernization program execution.
            (F) A description of system capabilities required for 
        Littoral Combat Ship modernization, including key performance 
        parameters and key system attributes.
            (G) A plan for family of systems or systems of systems 
        synchronization.
            (H) A plan for information technology and national security 
        systems supportability.
            (I) A plan for intelligence supportability.
            (J) A plan for electromagnetic environmental effects and 
        spectrum supportability.
            (K) A description of assets required to achieve initial 
        operational capability of a Littoral Combat Ship modernization 
        increment.
            (L) A schedule and initial operational capability and full 
        operational capability definitions.
            (M) A description of doctrine, organization, training, 
        materiel, leadership, education, personnel, facilities, and 
        policy considerations.
            (N) A description of other system attributes.
        (4) A plan for future periodic combat systems upgrades, which 
    are necessary to ensure relevant capability throughout the Littoral 
    Combat Ship or Frigate class service lives, using the process 
    described in paragraph (3).
    SEC. 131. REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR OHIO-CLASS REPLACEMENT 
      SUBMARINE PROGRAM.
    If the budget of the President submitted to Congress under section 
1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for a fiscal year includes a 
request for funds for the Ohio-class replacement submarine program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget justification 
materials submitted to Congress in support of the Department of Defense 
budget for such fiscal year a report that includes the following 
elements regarding such program (described in terms of both fiscal year 
2010 dollars and current fiscal year dollars as of the date of the 
report):
        (1) Lead ship end cost (with plans).
        (2) Lead ship end cost (less plans).
        (3) Lead ship non-recurring engineering cost.
        (4) Average follow-on ship cost.
        (5) Average operations and sustainment cost per hull per year.
        (6) The average follow-on ship affordability target as 
    determined by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
    Technology, and Logistics.
        (7) The operations and sustainment cost per hull per year 
    affordability target as determined by the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

    SEC. 141. BACKUP INVENTORY STATUS OF A-10 AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Maximum Number.--In carrying out section 133(b)(2)(A) of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3316), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may not move more than 18 A-10 aircraft in 
the active component to backup flying status pursuant to an 
authorization made by the Secretary of Defense under such section.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section 133(b)(2)(A) is amended by 
striking ``36'' and inserting ``18''.
    SEC. 142. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF A-
      10 AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--Except as 
provided by section 141, none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2016 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare 
to retire, or place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status 
any A-10 aircraft.
    (b) Additional Limitations on Retirement.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided by section 141, and in 
    addition to the limitation in subsection (a), during the period 
    before December 31, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
    retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup flying 
    status any A-10 aircraft.
        (2) Minimum inventory requirement.--The Secretary of the Air 
    Force shall ensure the Air Force maintains a minimum of 171 A-10 
    aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
    (c) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Significant Reductions 
in Manning Levels.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air 
Force may be obligated or expended to make significant reductions to 
manning levels with respect to any A-10 aircraft squadrons or 
divisions.
    (d) Additional Limitation on Significant Reductions in Manning 
Levels.--In addition to the limitation in subsection (c), during the 
period before December 31, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
make significant reductions to manning levels with respect to any A-10 
aircraft squadrons or divisions.
    (e) Study on Replacement Capability Requirements or Mission 
Platform for the A-10 Aircraft.--
        (1) Independent assessment required.--
            (A) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        commission an appropriate entity outside the Department of 
        Defense to conduct an assessment of the required capabilities 
        or mission platform to replace the A-10 aircraft. This 
        assessment would represent preparatory work to inform an 
        analysis of alternatives.
            (B) Elements.--The assessment required under subparagraph 
        (A) shall include each of the following:
                (i) Future needs analysis for the current A-10 aircraft 
            mission set to include troops-in-contact/close air support, 
            air interdiction, strike control and reconnaissance, and 
            combat search and rescue support in both contested and 
            uncontested battle environments. At a minimum, the needs 
            analysis should specifically address the following areas:

                    (I) The ability to safely and effectively conduct 
                troops-in-contact/danger close missions or missions in 
                close proximity to civilians in the presence of the air 
                defenses found with enemy ground maneuver units.
                    (II) The ability to effectively target and destroy 
                moving, camouflaged, or dug-in troops, artillery, 
                armor, and armored personnel carriers.
                    (III) The ability to engage, target, and destroy 
                tanks and armored personnel carriers, including with 
                respect to the carrying capacity of armor-piercing 
                weaponry, including mounted cannons and missiles.
                    (IV) The ability to remain within visual range of 
                friendly forces and targets to facilitate 
                responsiveness to ground forces and minimize re-attack 
                times.
                    (V) The ability to safely conduct close air support 
                beneath low cloud ceilings and in reduced visibilities 
                at low airspeeds in the presence of the air defenses 
                found with enemy ground maneuver units.
                    (VI) The capability to enable the pilot and 
                aircraft to survive attacks stemming from small arms, 
                machine guns, man-portable air-defense systems, and 
                lower caliber anti-aircraft artillery organic or 
                attached to enemy ground forces and maneuver units.
                    (VII) The ability to communicate effectively with 
                ground forces and downed pilots, including in 
                communications jamming or satellite-denied 
                environments.
                    (VIII) The ability to execute the missions 
                described in subclauses (I), (II), (III), and (IV) in a 
                GPS- or satellite-denied environment with or without 
                sensors.
                    (IX) The ability to deliver multiple lethal firing 
                passes and sustain long loiter endurance to support 
                friendly forces throughout extended ground engagements.
                    (X) The ability to operate from unprepared dirt, 
                grass, and narrow road runways and to generate high 
                sortie rates under these austere conditions.

                (ii) Identification and assessment of gaps in the 
            ability of existing and programmed mission platforms in 
            providing required capabilities to conduct missions 
            specified in clause (i) in both contested and uncontested 
            battle environments.
                (iii) Assessment of operational effectiveness of 
            existing and programmed mission platforms to conduct 
            missions specified in clause (i) in both contested and 
            uncontested battle environments.
                (iv) Assessment of probability of likelihood of 
            conducting missions requiring troops-in-contact/close air 
            support operations specified in clause (i) in contested 
            environments as compared to uncontested environments.
                (v) Any other matters the independent entity or the 
            Secretary of the Air Force determines to be appropriate.
        (2) Report.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes the assessment 
        required under paragraph (1).
            (B) Form.--The report required under subparagraph (A) may 
        be submitted in classified form, but shall also contain an 
        unclassified executive summary and may contain an unclassified 
        annex.
        (3) Nonduplication of effort.--If any information required 
    under paragraph (1) has been included in another report or 
    notification previously submitted to the congressional defense 
    committees by law, the Secretary of the Air Force may provide a 
    list of such reports and notifications at the time of submitting 
    the report required under paragraph (2) instead of including such 
    information in such report.
    SEC. 143. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
      EC-130H COMPASS CALL AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--None of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status any EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.
    (b) Additional Prohibition on Retirement.--In addition to the 
prohibition in subsection (a), during the period preceding December 31, 
2016, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire, prepare to retire, 
or place in storage or on backup flying status any EC-130H Compass Call 
aircraft.
    (c) Report on Retirement of EC-130H Compass Call Aircraft.--Not 
later than September 30, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes, 
at a minimum, the following:
        (1) The rationale for the retirement of existing EC-130H 
    Compass Call aircraft, including an operational analysis of the 
    impact of such retirements on the warfighting requirements of the 
    combatant commanders.
        (2) Future needs analysis for the current EC-130H Compass Call 
    aircraft electronic warfare mission set to include suppression of 
    sophisticated enemy air defense systems, advanced radar jamming, 
    avoiding radar detection, communications, sensing, satellite 
    navigation, command and control, and battlefield awareness.
        (3) A review of operating concepts for airborne electronic 
    attack.
        (4) An assessment of upgrades to the electronic warfare systems 
    of EC-130H Compass Call aircraft, the costs of such upgrades, and 
    expected upgrades through 2025, and the expected service life of 
    EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.
        (5) A review of the global proliferation of more sophisticated 
    air defenses and advanced commercial digital electronic devices 
    which counter the airborne electronic attack capabilities of the 
    United States by state and non-state actors.
        (6) An assessment of the ability of the current EC-130H Compass 
    Call fleet to meet tasking requirements of the combatant 
    commanders.
        (7) A plan for how the Air Force will recapitalize the 
    capability requirement of the EC-130H Compass Call mission in the 
    future, whether through a replacement program or by integrating 
    such capabilities onto an existing platform.
        (8) If the plan under paragraph (7) includes integrating such 
    capabilities onto an existing platform, an analysis that verifies 
    that such platform has the space, weight, cooling, and power 
    necessary to support the integration of the EC-130H Compass Call 
    capability.
        (9) Such other matters relating to the required mission 
    capabilities and transition of the EC-130H Compass Call fleet as 
    the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (d) Form.--The report under subsection (c) may be submitted in 
classified form, but shall also contain an unclassified executive 
summary and may contain an unclassified annex.
    (e) Nonduplication of Effort.--If any information required in the 
report under subsection (c) has been included in another report or 
notification previously submitted to the congressional defense 
committees by law, the Secretary of the Air Force may provide a list of 
such reports and notifications at the time of submitting the report 
required under subsection (c) instead of including such information in 
such report.
    SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
      JOINT SURVEILLANCE TARGET ATTACK RADAR SYSTEM, EC-130H COMPASS 
      CALL, AND AIRBORNE WARNING AND CONTROL SYSTEM AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal years 2016 or 2017 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any covered 
aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to individual covered aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of 
mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Covered Aircraft.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means the following:
        (1) Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft.
        (2) EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.
        (3) Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.
    SEC. 145. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35A AIRCRAFT 
      PROCUREMENT.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for aircraft procurement, Air 
Force, not more than $4,285,000,000 may be obligated for the 
procurement of F-35A aircraft until the Secretary of the Air Force 
certifies to the congressional defense committees that F-35A aircraft 
delivered during fiscal year 2018 will have full combat capability, as 
determined as of the date of the enactment of this Act, with Block 3F 
hardware, software, and weapons carriage.
    SEC. 146. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
      KC-10 AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal years 2016 or 2017 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any KC-10 
aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to individual KC-10 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of 
mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
    SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OF C-130 
      AIRCRAFT.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to transfer from one facility of the Department 
of Defense to another any C-130H aircraft, initiate any C-130 manpower 
authorization adjustments, retire or prepare to retire any C-130H 
aircraft, or close any C-130H unit until a period of 90 days elapses 
following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force, the 
Secretary of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
Chief of Staff of the Army, in consultation with the commanders of the 
XVIII Airborne Corps, the 82nd Airborne Division, and the United States 
Army Special Operations Command, jointly certify to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives that--
        (1) the Secretary of the Air Force will maintain dedicated C-
    130 wings to support the daily training and contingency 
    requirements of the XVIII Airborne Corps, the 82nd Airborne 
    Division, and the United States Army Special Operations Command at 
    manning levels required to support and operate the number of 
    aircraft that existed as part of regular and reserve Air Force 
    operations in support of such units as of September 30, 2014; or
        (2) the failure to maintain such dedicated C-130 wings will not 
    adversely affect the daily training requirement of such airborne 
    and special operations units.
    SEC. 148. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EXECUTIVE 
      COMMUNICATIONS UPGRADES FOR C-20 AND C-37 AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to upgrade the executive communications of C-20 and C-37 
aircraft until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
certifies in writing to the congressional defense committees that such 
upgrades do not--
        (1) cause such aircraft to exceed any weight limitation; or
        (2) reduce the operational capability of such aircraft.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the limitation in subsection 
(a) if the Secretary--
        (1) determines that such waiver is necessary for the national 
    security interests of the United States; and
        (2) notifies the congressional defense committees of such 
    waiver.
    SEC. 149. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR T-1A JAYHAWK 
      AIRCRAFT.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for aircraft procurement, Air 
Force, for avionics modification to the T-1A Jayhawk aircraft, not more 
than 85 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 days 
has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
submits to the congressional defense committees the report required 
under section 142 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3320).
    SEC. 150. NOTIFICATION OF RETIREMENT OF B-1, B-2, AND B-52 BOMBER 
      AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Notification.--Except as provided by subsection (b), during the 
period preceding the date on which the long-range strike bomber 
aircraft achieves initial operational capability, the Secretary of the 
Air Force may not retire or prepare to retire covered aircraft during a 
fiscal year unless the Secretary includes in the defense budget 
materials for that fiscal year a notification of the proposed 
retirement, including the rationale for the retirement, the effects of 
the retirement, and how the Secretary will mitigate any risks relating 
to the retirement.
    (b) Exception.--The notification requirement in subsection (a) 
shall not apply to individual covered aircraft that the Secretary 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of 
mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means B-1, B-2, and B-52 
    bomber aircraft.
        (2) The term ``defense budget materials'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 231(f) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 151. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OF THE AIR 
      FORCE.
    (a) Inventory Requirement.--During the two-year period beginning on 
October 1, 2015, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total 
aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft of not less than 1,900 aircraft, 
and a total primary mission aircraft inventory (combat-coded) of not 
less than 1,100 fighter aircraft.
    (b) Budget Information Regarding Retirement of Fighter Aircraft.--
        (1) Report.--If the Secretary proposes to retire fighter 
    aircraft in a fiscal year, the Secretary shall include in the 
    materials submitted in support of the budget of the President for 
    that fiscal year (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of 
    title 31, United States Code) a report setting forth the following:
            (A) The rationale and appropriate supporting analysis for 
        the proposed retirement.
            (B) An assessment of the implications of such retirement 
        for the Air Force, the Air National Guard, and the Air Force 
        Reserve for the force mix ratio of fighter aircraft.
            (C) Such other matters relating to the proposed retirement 
        as the Secretary considers appropriate.
        (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to individual 
    fighter aircraft that the Secretary determines, on a case-by-case 
    basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other damage, or 
    being uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``fighter aircraft'' means an aircraft that is 
    designated by a basic mission design series of A-10, F-15, F-16, F-
    22, or F-35.
        (2) The term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' means 
    aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization to a 
    unit for the performance of its wartime mission.
    SEC. 152. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE OCONUS BASING OF F-35A 
      AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the Department of Defense is 
continuing its process of permanently stationing the F-35 aircraft at 
installations in the continental United States and forward-basing such 
aircraft outside the continental United States.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of the Air Force, in the strategic basing process for the F-
35A aircraft, should continue to consider the benefits derived from 
sites that--
        (1) are capable of hosting fighter-based bilateral and 
    multilateral training opportunities with international partners;
        (2) have sufficient airspace and range capabilities and 
    capacity to meet the training requirements;
        (3) have existing facilities to support personnel, operations, 
    and logistics associated with the flying mission;
        (4) have limited encroachment that would adversely impact 
    training or operations; and
        (5) minimize the overall construction and operational costs.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

    SEC. 161. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR JOINT BATTLE 
      COMMAND-PLATFORM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for joint battle 
command-platform equipment, not more than 75 percent may be obligated 
or expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, 
and Logistics submits to the congressional defense committees the 
report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Assistant Secretary 
of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that provides a detailed 
test and evaluation plan to address the effectiveness, suitability, and 
survivability shortfalls of the joint battle command-platform 
identified by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation in the 
fiscal year 2014 report of the Director submitted to Congress.
    SEC. 162. REPORT ON ARMY AND MARINE CORPS MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR 
      SMALL ARMS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of 
the Navy shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the plan of the 
Army and the Marine Corps to modernize small arms for the Army and the 
Marine Corps during the 15-year period beginning on the date of such 
plan, including the mechanisms to be used to promote competition among 
suppliers of small arms and small arms parts in achieving the plan.
    (b) Small Arms.--The small arms covered by the plan under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
        (1) Pistols.
        (2) Carbines.
        (3) Rifles and automatic rifles.
        (4) Light machine guns.
        (5) Such other small arms as the Secretaries consider 
    appropriate for purposes of the report required by subsection (a).
    (c) Non-standard Small Arms.--In addition to the arms specified in 
subsection (b), the plan under subsection (a) shall also address non-
standard small arms not currently in the small arms inventory of the 
Army or the Marine Corps.
    SEC. 163. STUDY ON USE OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF ENHANCED 5.56MM 
      AMMUNITION BY THE ARMY AND THE MARINE CORPS.
    (a) Use of Different Types of Enhanced 5.56mm Ammunition.--
        (1) Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
    into a contract with a federally funded research and development 
    center to conduct a study on the use of different types of enhanced 
    5.56mm ammunition by the Army and the Marine Corps.
        (2) Submission.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which 
    the contract is entered into under paragraph (1), the federally 
    funded research and development center conducting the study under 
    such paragraph shall submit to the Secretary the study, including 
    any findings and recommendations of the federally funded research 
    and development center.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
    the Secretary receives the study under subsection (a)(2), the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on the study.
        (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) The study, including any findings and recommendations 
        of the federally funded research and development center that 
        conducted the study.
            (B) An explanation of the reasons for the Army and the 
        Marine Corps to use in combat two different types of enhanced 
        5.56mm ammunition.
            (C) An explanation of the appropriateness, effectiveness, 
        and suitability issues that may arise from the use of such 
        different types of ammunition.
            (D) An explanation of any additional costs that have 
        resulted from the use of such different types of ammunition.
            (E) An explanation of any future plans of the Army or the 
        Marine Corps to eventually transition to using in combat one 
        standard type of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition.
            (F) If there are no plans described in subparagraph (E), an 
        analysis of the potential benefits of a transition described in 
        such subparagraph, including the timeline for such a transition 
        to occur.
            (G) Any findings, recommendations, comments, or plans that 
        the Secretary determines appropriate.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.
Sec. 212.  Expansion of eligibility for financial assistance under 
          Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation Program to include citizens of countries 
          participating in the Technical Cooperation Program.
Sec. 213. Expansion of education partnerships to support technology 
          transfer and transition.
Sec. 214. Improvement to coordination and communication of defense 
          research activities.
Sec. 215. Reauthorization of Global Research Watch program.
Sec. 216. Reauthorization of defense research and development rapid 
          innovation program.
Sec. 217. Science and technology activities to support business systems 
          information technology acquisition programs.
Sec. 218. Department of Defense technology offset program to build and 
          maintain the military technological superiority of the United 
          States.
Sec. 219. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15 infrared search 
          and track capability development.
Sec. 220. Limitation on availability of funds for development of the 
          shallow water combat submersible.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for the advanced 
          development and manufacturing facility under the medical 
          countermeasure program.
Sec. 222. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
          ground system of the Army.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
          ground system of the United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 224. Limitation on availability of funds for Integrated Personnel 
          and Pay System of the Army.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Streamlining the Joint Federated Assurance Center.
Sec. 232. Demonstration of Persistent Close Air Support capabilities.
Sec. 233. Strategies for engagement with Historically Black Colleges and 
          Universities and Minority-serving Institutions of Higher 
          Education.
Sec. 234. Report on commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
          systems for Army tactical unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 235. Report on Tactical Combat Training System Increment II.
Sec. 236. Report on technology readiness levels of the technologies and 
          capabilities critical to the long-range strike bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 237. Assessment of air-land mobile tactical communications and data 
          network requirements and capabilities.
Sec. 238. Study of field failures involving counterfeit electronic 
          parts.
Sec. 239. Airborne data link plan.
Sec. 240. Plan for advanced weapons technology war games.
Sec. 241. Independent assessment of F135 engine program.
Sec. 242. Comptroller General review of autonomic logistics information 
          system for F-35 Lightning II aircraft.
Sec. 243. Sense of Congress regarding facilitation of a high quality 
          technical workforce.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

    SEC. 211. CENTERS FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND ENGINEERING 
      PARTNERSHIP.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2367 the following new section:
``Sec. 2368. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering 
    Partnership
    ``(a) Designation.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall designate each 
science and technology reinvention laboratory as a Center for Science, 
Technology, and Engineering Partnership (in this section referred to as 
`Centers') in the recognized core competencies of the designee.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a policy to 
encourage the Secretary of each military department to reengineer 
management and business processes and adopt best-business and personnel 
practices at the Centers of the Secretary concerned in connection with 
the capability requirements of the Centers, so as to serve as 
recognized leaders in such capabilities throughout the Department of 
Defense and in the national technology and industrial base.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense, acting through the directors of the 
Centers, may conduct one or more pilot programs, consistent with 
applicable requirements of law, to test any practices referred to in 
paragraph (2) that the Directors determine could--
        ``(A) improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operations at 
    Centers;
        ``(B) improve the support provided by the Centers for the 
    elements of the Department of Defense who use the services of the 
    Centers; and
        ``(C) enhance capabilities by reducing the cost and improving 
    the performance and efficiency of executing laboratory missions.
    ``(b) Public-private Partnerships.--(1) To achieve one or more 
objectives set forth in paragraph (2), the Secretary may authorize and 
establish incentives for the Director of a Center to enter into public-
private cooperative arrangements (in this section referred to as a 
`public-private partnership') to provide for any of the following:
        ``(A) For employees of the Center, academia, private industry, 
    State and local governments, or other entities outside the 
    Department of Defense to perform (under contract, subcontract, or 
    otherwise) work related to the capabilities of the Center, 
    including any work that--
            ``(i) involves one or more capabilities of the Center; and
            ``(ii) may be applicable to both the Department and 
        commercial entities.
        ``(B) For private industry or other entities outside the 
    Department of Defense to use for either Government or commercial 
    purposes any capabilities of the Center that are not fully used for 
    Department of Defense activities for any period determined to be 
    consistent with the needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(2) The objectives for exercising the authority provided in 
paragraph (1) are as follows:
        ``(A) To maximize the use of the capacity of a Center.
        ``(B) To reduce or eliminate the cost of ownership of a Center 
    by the Department of Defense.
        ``(C) To reduce the cost of science, technology, and 
    engineering activities of the Department of Defense.
        ``(D) To leverage private sector investment in--
            ``(i) such efforts as research and equipment 
        recapitalization for a Center; and
            ``(ii) the promotion of the undertaking of commercial 
        business ventures based on the capabilities of a Center, as 
        determined by the director of the Center.
        ``(E) To foster cooperation and technology transfer between the 
    armed forces, academia, private industry, and State and local 
    governments.
        ``(F) To increase access by a Center to a skilled technical 
    workforce that can contribute to the effective and efficient 
    execution of the missions of the Department of Defense.
        ``(G) To increase the ability of a Center to access and use 
    non-Department of Defense methods to develop and innovate and 
    access capabilities that contribute to the effective and efficient 
    execution of the missions of the Department of Defense.
    ``(3)(A) Public-private partnerships entered into under paragraph 
(1) may be used for purposes relating to technology transfer and other 
authorities described in subparagraph (B).
    ``(B) The authorities described in this subparagraph are provisions 
of law that provide for cooperation and partnership by the Department 
of Defense with academia, private industry, and State and local 
governments, including the following:
        ``(i) Sections 3371 through 3375 of title 5.
        ``(ii) Sections 2194, 2358, 2371, 2511, 2539b, and 2563 of this 
    title.
        ``(iii) Section 209 of title 35.
        ``(iv) Sections 8, 12, and 23 of the Stevenson-Wydler 
    Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3706, 3710a, and 
    3715).
    ``(c) Private Sector Use of Excess Capacity.--Any capability of a 
Center made available to the private sector may be used to perform 
research and testing activities in order to make more efficient and 
economical use of Government-owned capabilities and encourage the 
creation and preservation of jobs to ensure the availability of a 
workforce with the necessary research and technical skills to meet the 
needs of the armed forces.
    ``(d) Crediting of Amounts for Performance.--Amounts received by a 
Center for work performed under a public-private partnership may--
        ``(1) be credited to the appropriation or fund, including a 
    working-capital or revolving fund, that incurs the cost of 
    performing the work; or
        ``(2) be used by the Director of the Center as the Director 
    considers appropriate and consistent with section 219 of the Duncan 
    Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
    (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
    ``(e) Availability of Excess Capacities to Private-sector 
Partners.--Capacities of a Center may be made available for use by a 
private-sector entity under this section only if--
        ``(1) the use of the capacities will not have a significant 
    adverse effect on the performance of the Center or the ability of 
    the Center to achieve the mission of the Center, as determined by 
    the Director of the Center; and
        ``(2) the private-sector entity agrees--
            ``(A) to reimburse the Department of Defense when required 
        in accordance with the guidance of the Department for the 
        direct and indirect costs (including any rental costs) that are 
        attributable to the use of the capabilities by the private-
        sector entity, as determined by the Secretary of the military 
        departments; and
            ``(B) to hold harmless and indemnify the United States 
        from--
                ``(i) any claim for damages or injury to any person or 
            property arising out of the use of the capabilities, except 
            under the circumstances described in section 2563(c)(3) of 
            this title; and
                ``(ii) any liability or claim for damages or injury to 
            any person or property arising out of a decision by the 
            Secretary to suspend or terminate that use of capabilities 
            during a war or national emergency.
    ``(f) Construction of Provision.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to authorize a change, otherwise prohibited by law, from the 
performance of work at a Center by personnel of the Department of 
Defense to performance by a contractor.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `capabilities', with respect to a Center for 
    Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership, means the 
    facilities, equipment, personnel, intellectual property, and other 
    assets that support the core competencies of the Center.
        ``(2) The term `national technology and industrial base' has 
    the meaning given that term in section 2500 of this title.
        ``(3) The term `science and technology reinvention laboratory' 
    means a science and technology reinvention laboratory designated 
    under section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2367 the following new item:

``2368. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.''.
    SEC. 212. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND RESEARCH FOR 
      TRANSFORMATION PROGRAM TO INCLUDE CITIZENS OF COUNTRIES 
      PARTICIPATING IN THE TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAM.
    Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by inserting ``or, subject to 
    subsection (g), a country the government of which is a party to The 
    Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) memorandum of understanding of 
    October 24, 1995'' after ``United States'';
        (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
        (3) by inserting after section (f) the following new subsection 
    (g):
    ``(g) Limitation on Participation.--(1) The Secretary may not award 
scholarships or fellowships under this section to more than five 
individuals described in paragraph (2) per year.
    ``(2) An individual described in this paragraph is an individual 
who--
        ``(A) has not previously been awarded a scholarship or 
    fellowship under the program under this section;
        ``(B) is not a citizen of the United States; and
        ``(C) is a citizen of a country the government of which is a 
    party to The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) memorandum of 
    understanding of October 24, 1995.''.
    SEC. 213. EXPANSION OF EDUCATION PARTNERSHIPS TO SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY 
      TRANSFER AND TRANSITION.
    Section 2194 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``business, law, technology 
    transfer or transition'' after ``mathematics,''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
        ``(4) providing in the defense laboratory sabbatical 
    opportunities for faculty and internship opportunities for 
    students;''; and
            (C) in paragraphs (5) and (6), as redesignated by 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``research projects'' both places 
        it appears and inserting ``projects, including research and 
        technology transfer or transition projects''.
    SEC. 214. IMPROVEMENT TO COORDINATION AND COMMUNICATION OF DEFENSE 
      RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.
    (a) In General.--Section 2364 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(a) Coordination of Department of Defense Research, Development, 
and Technological Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall promote, 
monitor, and evaluate programs for the communication and exchange of 
research, development, and technological data--
        ``(1) among the Defense research facilities, combatant 
    commands, and other organizations that are involved in developing 
    for the Department of Defense the technological requirements for 
    new items for use by combat forces;
        ``(2) among Defense research facilities and other offices, 
    agencies, and bureaus in the Department that are engaged in related 
    technological matters;
        ``(3) among other research facilities and other departments or 
    agencies of the Federal Government that are engaged in research, 
    development, and technological matters;
        ``(4) among private commercial, research institution, and 
    university entities engaged in research, development, and 
    technological matters potentially relevant to defense on a 
    voluntary basis;
        ``(5) to the extent practicable, to achieve full awareness of 
    scientific and technological advancement and innovation wherever it 
    may occur, whether funded by the Department of Defense, another 
    element of the Federal Government, or other entities; and
        ``(6) through development and distribution of clear technical 
    communications to the public, military operators, acquisition 
    organizations, and civilian and military decision-makers that 
    conveys successes of research and engineering activities supported 
    by the Department and the contributions of such activities to 
    support national needs.'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
        ``(3) that the managers of such facilities have broad latitude 
    to choose research and development projects based on awareness of 
    activities throughout the technology domain, including within the 
    Federal Government, the Department of Defense, public and private 
    research institutions and universities, and the global commercial 
    marketplace;'';
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (C) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(6) that, in light of Defense research facilities being 
    funded by the public, Defense research facilities are broadly 
    authorized and encouraged to support national technological 
    development goals and support technological missions of other 
    departments and agencies of the Federal Government, when such 
    support is determined by the Secretary of Defense to be in the best 
    interests of the Federal Government.''.
        (3) in the section heading, by inserting ``and technology 
    domain awareness'' after ``activities''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 2364 and inserting the following:

``2364. Coordination and communication of defense research activities 
          and technology domain awareness.''.
    SEC. 215. REAUTHORIZATION OF GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH PROGRAM.
    Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b), by inserting 
    ``and private sector persons'' after ``foreign nations'' both 
    places it appears; and
        (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``September 30, 2015'' and 
    inserting ``September 30, 2025''.
    SEC. 216. REAUTHORIZATION OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT RAPID 
      INNOVATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1073 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
U.S.C. 2359a note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2015'' and inserting 
    ``2023''; and
        (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``September 30, 2015'' and 
    inserting ``September 30, 2023''.
    (b) Modification of Guidelines for Operation of Program.--
Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
        (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
        ``(1) The issuance of an annual broad agency announcement or 
    the use of any other competitive or merit-based processes by the 
    Department of Defense for candidate proposals in support of defense 
    acquisition programs as described in subsection (a).'';
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the second sentence;
        (3) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``be funded under 
        the program for more than two years'' and inserting ``receive 
        more than a total of two years of funding under the program''; 
        and
            (B) by striking the second sentence; and
        (4) by adding at the end, the following new paragraphs:
        ``(5) Mechanisms to facilitate transition of follow-on or 
    current projects carried out under the program into defense 
    acquisition programs, through the use of the authorities of section 
    819 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
    (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) or such other authorities 
    as may be appropriate to conduct further testing, low rate 
    production, or full rate production of technologies developed under 
    the program.
        ``(6) Projects are selected using merit-based selection 
    procedures and the selection of projects is not subject to undue 
    influence by Congress or other Federal agencies.''.
    (c) Repeal of Report Requirement.--Such section is further 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (f); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).
    SEC. 217. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT BUSINESS 
      SYSTEMS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, the 
Deputy Chief Management Officer, and the Chief Information Officer, 
shall establish a set of science, technology, and innovation activities 
to improve the acquisition outcomes of major automated information 
systems through improved performance and reduced developmental and life 
cycle costs.
    (b) Execution of Activities.--The activities established under 
subsection (a) shall be carried out by such military departments and 
Defense Agencies as the Under Secretary and the Deputy Chief Management 
Officer consider appropriate.
    (c) Activities.--
        (1) In general.--The set of activities established under 
    subsection (a) may include the following:
            (A) Development of capabilities in Department of Defense 
        laboratories, test centers, and federally funded research and 
        development centers to provide technical support for 
        acquisition program management and business process re-
        engineering activities.
            (B) Funding of intramural and extramural research and 
        development activities as described in subsection (e).
        (2) Current activities.--The Secretary shall identify the 
    current activities described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
    paragraph (1) that are being carried out as of the date of the 
    enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall consider such current 
    activities in determining the set of activities to establish 
    pursuant to subsection (a).
    (d) Gap Analysis.--In establishing the set of activities under 
subsection (a), not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
military departments and the heads of the Defense Agencies, shall 
conduct a gap analysis to identify activities that are not, as of such 
date, being pursued in the current science and technology program of 
the Department. The Secretary shall use such analysis in determining--
        (1) the set of activities to establish pursuant to subsection 
    (a) that carry out the purposes specified in subsection (c)(1); and
        (2) the proposed funding requirements and timelines.
    (e) Funding of Intramural and Extramural Research and 
Development.--
        (1) In general.--In carrying out the set of activities required 
    by subsection (a), the Secretary may award grants or contracts to 
    eligible entities to carry out intramural or extramural research 
    and development in areas of interest described in paragraph (3).
        (2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of this subsection, an 
    eligible entity includes the following:
            (A) Entities in the defense industry.
            (B) Institutions of higher education.
            (C) Small businesses.
            (D) Nontraditional defense contractors (as defined in 
        section 2302 of title 10, United States Code).
            (E) Federally funded research and development centers, 
        primarily for the purpose of improving technical expertise to 
        support acquisition efforts.
            (F) Nonprofit research institutions.
            (G) Government laboratories and test centers, primarily for 
        the purpose of improving technical expertise to support 
        acquisition efforts.
        (3) Areas of interest.--The areas of interest described in this 
    paragraph are the following:
            (A) Management innovation, including personnel and 
        financial management policy innovation.
            (B) Business process re-engineering.
            (C) Systems engineering of information technology business 
        systems.
            (D) Cloud computing to support business systems and 
        business processes.
            (E) Software development, including systems and techniques 
        to limit unique interfaces and simplify processes to customize 
        commercial software to meet the needs of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (F) Hardware development, including systems and techniques 
        to limit unique interfaces and simplify processes to customize 
        commercial hardware to meet the needs of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (G) Development of methodologies and tools to support 
        development and operational test of large and complex business 
        systems.
            (H) Analysis tools to allow decision-makers to make 
        tradeoffs between requirements, costs, technical risks, and 
        schedule in major automated information system acquisition 
        programs.
            (I) Information security in major automated information 
        system systems.
            (J) Innovative acquisition policies and practices to 
        streamline acquisition of information technology systems.
            (K) Such other areas as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (f) Priorities.--
        (1) In general.--In carrying out the set of activities required 
    by subsection (a), the Secretary shall give priority to--
            (A) projects that--
                (i) address the innovation and technology needs of the 
            Department of Defense; and
                (ii) support activities of initiatives, programs, and 
            offices identified by the Under Secretary and Deputy Chief 
            Management Officer; and
            (B) the projects and programs identified in paragraph (2).
        (2) Projects and programs identified.--The projects and 
    programs identified in this paragraph are the following:
            (A) Major automated information system programs.
            (B) Projects and programs under the oversight of the Deputy 
        Chief Management Officer.
            (C) Projects and programs relating to defense procurement 
        acquisition policy.
            (D) Projects and programs of the agencies and field 
        activities of the Office of the Secretary of Defense that 
        support business missions such as finance, human resources, 
        security, management, logistics, and contract management.
            (E) Military and civilian personnel policy development for 
        information technology workforce.
    SEC. 218. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TECHNOLOGY OFFSET PROGRAM TO BUILD 
      AND MAINTAIN THE MILITARY TECHNOLOGICAL SUPERIORITY OF THE UNITED 
      STATES.
    (a) Program Established.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
    technology offset program to build and maintain the military 
    technological superiority of the United States by--
            (A) accelerating the fielding of offset technologies that 
        would help counter technological advantages of potential 
        adversaries of the United States, including directed energy, 
        low-cost, high-speed munitions, autonomous systems, undersea 
        warfare, cyber technology, and intelligence data analytics, 
        developed using research funding of the Department of Defense 
        and accelerating the commercialization of such technologies; 
        and
            (B) developing and implementing new policies and 
        acquisition and business practices.
        (2) Guidelines.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue guidelines for the 
    operation of the program established under paragraph (1), 
    including--
            (A) criteria for an application for funding by a military 
        department, Defense Agency, or a combatant command;
            (B) the purposes for which such a department, agency, or 
        command may apply for funds and appropriate requirements for 
        technology development or commercialization to be supported 
        using program funds;
            (C) the priorities, if any, to be provided to field or 
        commercialize offset technologies developed by certain types of 
        research funding of the Department; and
            (D) criteria for evaluation of an application for funding 
        or changes to policies or acquisition and business practices by 
        such a department, agency, or command for purposes of the 
        program.
    (b) Applications for Funding.--
        (1) In general.--Under the program established under subsection 
    (a)(1), not less frequently than annually, the Secretary shall 
    solicit from the heads of the military departments, the Defense 
    Agencies, and the combatant commands applications for funding to be 
    used to enter into contracts, cooperative agreements, or other 
    transaction agreements entered into pursuant to section 2371b of 
    title 10, United States Code, as added by section 815,with 
    appropriate entities for the fielding or commercialization of 
    technologies.
        (2) Treatment pursuant to certain congressional rules.--Nothing 
    in this section shall be interpreted to require any official of the 
    Department of Defense to provide funding under this section to any 
    Congressional earmark as defined pursuant to clause 9 of rule XXI 
    of the Rules of the House of Representatives or any congressionally 
    directed spending item as defined pursuant to paragraph 5 of rule 
    XLIV of the Standing Rules of the Senate.
    (c) Funding.--
        (1) In general.--Subject to the availability of appropriations 
    for such purpose, of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
    this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for 
    research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, not more 
    than $400,000,000 may be used for each such fiscal year for the 
    program established under subsection (a)(1).
        (2) Amount for directed energy.--Of the funds specified in 
    paragraph (1) for any of fiscal years 2016 through 2020, not more 
    than $200,000,000 may be used for each such fiscal year for 
    activities in the field of directed energy.
    (d) Transfer Authority.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary may transfer funds available for 
    the program established under subsection (a)(1) to the research, 
    development, test, and evaluation accounts of a military 
    department, Defense Agency, or a combatant command pursuant to an 
    application, or any part of an application, that the Secretary 
    determines would support the purposes of the program.
        (2) Supplement not supplant.--The transfer authority provided 
    in paragraph (1) is in addition to any other transfer authority 
    available to the Secretary of Defense.
    (e) Termination.--
        (1) In general.--The authority to carry out the program under 
    subsection (a)(1) shall terminate on September 30, 2020.
        (2) Transfer after termination.--Any amounts made available for 
    the program that remain available for obligation on the date on 
    which the program terminates may be transferred under subsection 
    (d) during the 180-day period beginning on the date of the 
    termination of the program.
    SEC. 219. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-15 INFRARED 
      SEARCH AND TRACK CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for F-15 infrared search 
and track capability, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or 
expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
requirements and cost estimates for the development and procurement of 
infrared search and track capability for F/A-18 and F-15 aircraft of 
the Navy and the Air Force. The report shall include the following:
        (1) A comparison of the requirements between the F/A-18 and F-
    15 aircraft infrared search and track development efforts of the 
    Navy and the Air Force.
        (2) An explanation of any differences between the F/A-18 and F-
    15 aircraft infrared search and track capability development 
    efforts of the Navy and the Air Force.
        (3) A summary of the schedules and required funding to develop 
    and field such capability.
        (4) An explanation of any need for the Navy and the Air Force 
    to field different F/A-18 and F-15 aircraft infrared search and 
    track systems.
        (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
    SEC. 220. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF 
      THE SHALLOW WATER COMBAT SUBMERSIBLE.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the 
development of the shallow water combat submersible of the United 
States Special Operations Command, not more than 50 percent may be 
obligated or expended until a period of 15 days elapses following the 
later of the date on which--
        (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
    and Logistics designates a civilian official to be responsible for 
    oversight of and assistance to the United States Special Operations 
    Command for all undersea mobility programs; and
        (2) the Under Secretary, in coordination with the Assistant 
    Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity 
    Conflict and the Commander of the United States Special Operations 
    Command, submits to the congressional defense committees the report 
    described in subsection (b).
    (b) Report Described.--The report described in this subsection is a 
report on the shallow water combat submersible program that includes 
the following:
        (1) An analysis of the reasons for cost and schedule overruns 
    associated with the program, including with respect to the 
    performance of contractors and subcontractors.
        (2) A revised timeline for initial and full operational 
    capability of the shallow water combat submersible.
        (3) A description of the challenges associated with the 
    integration with dry deck shelter and other diving technologies.
        (4) The projected cost to meet the total unit acquisition 
    objective.
        (5) A plan to prevent, identify, and mitigate any additional 
    cost and schedule overruns.
        (6) A description of any opportunities to recover cost or 
    schedule overruns.
        (7) A description of any lessons that the Under Secretary may 
    have learned from the shallow water combat submersible program that 
    could be applied to future undersea mobility acquisition programs.
        (8) Any other matters that the Under Secretary considers 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 221. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE ADVANCED 
      DEVELOPMENT AND MANUFACTURING FACILITY UNDER THE MEDICAL 
      COUNTERMEASURE PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, for the advanced 
development and manufacturing facility, and the associated activities 
performed at such facility, under the medical countermeasure program of 
the chemical and biological defense program, not more than 75 percent 
may be obligated or expended until a period of 45 days elapses 
following the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the advanced development and 
manufacturing facility under the medical countermeasure program that 
includes the following:
        (1) An overall description of the advanced development and 
    manufacturing facility, including validated Department of Defense 
    requirements.
        (2) Program goals, proposed metrics of performance, and 
    anticipated procurement and operations and maintenance costs during 
    the period covered by the current future years defense program 
    under section 221 of title 10, United States Code.
        (3) The results of any analysis of alternatives and efficiency 
    reviews conducted by the Secretary that justifies the manufacturing 
    and privately financed construction of an advanced manufacturing 
    and development facility rather than using other programs and 
    facilities of the Federal Government or industry facilities for 
    advanced development and manufacturing of medical countermeasures.
        (4) An independent cost-benefit analysis that justifies the 
    manufacturing and privately financed construction of an advanced 
    manufacturing and development facility described in paragraph (3).
        (5) If no independent cost-benefit analysis makes the 
    justification described in paragraph (4), an explanation for why 
    such manufacturing and privately financed construction cannot be so 
    justified.
        (6) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
    appropriate.
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date on which the Secretary submits the report under subsection (b), 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a review of such report.
    SEC. 222. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DISTRIBUTED 
      COMMON GROUND SYSTEM OF THE ARMY.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Army, for the distributed common 
ground system of the Army, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the Secretary of the Army--
        (1) conducts a review of the program planning for the 
    distributed common ground system of the Army; and
        (2) submits to the appropriate congressional committees the 
    report required by subsection (b)(1).
    (b) Report.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
    congressional committees a report on the review of the distributed 
    common ground system of the Army conducted under subsection (a)(1).
        (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) A review of the segmentation of Increment 2 of the 
        distributed common ground system program of the Army into 
        discrete software components with the associated requirements 
        of each component.
            (B) Identification of each component of Increment 2 of the 
        distributed common ground system of the Army for which 
        commercial software exists that is capable of fulfilling most 
        or all of the system requirements for each such component.
            (C) A cost analysis of each such commercial software that 
        compares performance with projected cost.
            (D) Determination of the degree to which commercial 
        software solutions are compliant with the standards required by 
        the framework and guidance for the Intelligence Community 
        Information Technology Enterprise, the Defense Intelligence 
        Information Enterprise, and the Joint Information Environment.
            (E) Identification of each component of Increment 2 of the 
        distributed common ground system of the Army that the Secretary 
        determines may be acquired through competitive means.
            (F) An acquisition plan for Increment 2 of the distributed 
        common ground system of the Army that prioritizes the 
        acquisition of commercial software components, including a data 
        integration layer, in time to meet the projected deployment 
        schedule for Increment 2.
            (G) A review of the timetable for the distributed common 
        ground system program of the Army in order to determine whether 
        there is a practical, executable acquisition strategy, 
        including the use of operational capability demonstrations, 
        that could lead to an initial operating capability of Increment 
        2 of the distributed common ground system of the Army prior to 
        fiscal year 2017.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
        (1) the congressional defense committees; and
        (2) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the 
    Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
    Representatives.
    SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DISTRIBUTED 
      COMMON GROUND SYSTEM OF THE UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
      COMMAND.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, for the United States 
Special Operations Command for the distributed common ground system, 
not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
Commander of the United States Special Operations Command submits to 
the congressional defense committees the report required by subsection 
(b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Commander shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees and the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives a report on the 
distributed common ground system. Such report shall include the 
following:
        (1) A review of the segmentation of the distributed common 
    ground system special operations forces program into discrete 
    software components with the associated requirements of each 
    component.
        (2) Identification of each component of the distributed common 
    ground system special operations forces program for which 
    commercial software exists that is capable of fulfilling most or 
    all of the system requirements for each such component.
        (3) A cost analysis of each such commercial software that 
    compares performance with projected cost.
        (4) A determination of the degree to which commercial software 
    solutions are compliant with the standards required by the 
    framework and guidance for the Intelligence Community Information 
    Technology Enterprise, the Defense Intelligence Information 
    Enterprise, and the Joint Information Environment.
        (5) Identification of each component of the distributed common 
    ground system special operations forces program that the Commander 
    determines may be acquired through competitive means.
        (6) An assessment of the extent to which elements of the 
    distributed common ground system special operations forces program 
    could be modified to increase commercial acquisition opportunities.
        (7) An acquisition plan that leads to full operational 
    capability prior to fiscal year 2019.
    SEC. 224. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTEGRATED 
      PERSONNEL AND PAY SYSTEM OF THE ARMY.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, development, test, 
and evaluation, Army, for the integrated personnel and pay system of 
the Army, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until 
the date on which the Secretary of the Army submits to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes the following:
        (1) Updated and validated information regarding the performance 
    of the current legacy personnel and pay system of the Army for each 
    high-level objective and business outcome described in the business 
    case for IPPS-A Increment II, dated December 2014, including 
    justifications for threshold and objective values for the 
    integrated personnel and pay system of the Army.
        (2) An explanation how the integrated personnel and pay system 
    of the Army will enable significant change throughout the entire 
    human resources enterprise.
        (3) A description for how the implementation of the 
    capabilities in the integrated personnel and pay system of the Army 
    will result in changes to the capabilities and services to be 
    provided by the Defense Finance and Accounting Services, including 
    an estimate of cost savings and manpower savings resulting from 
    elimination of duplicative functions.
        (4) A description of alternative program approaches that could 
    reduce the overall cost of development and deployment for the 
    integrated personnel and pay system of the Army without delaying 
    the current program schedule by more than six months.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 231. STREAMLINING THE JOINT FEDERATED ASSURANCE CENTER.
    Section 937(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``, in coordination with 
    the Center for Assured Software of the National Security Agency,''; 
    and
        (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``, in coordination with 
    the Defense Microelectronics Activity,''.
    SEC. 232. DEMONSTRATION OF PERSISTENT CLOSE AIR SUPPORT 
      CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Joint Demonstration Required.--Subject to the availability of 
funds, the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of the Army, and 
the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency may 
jointly conduct a demonstration of the persistent close air support 
capability during fiscal year 2016.
    (b) Parameters of Demonstration.--
        (1) Selection and equipment of aircraft.--If the demonstration 
    under subsection (a) is conducted, the Secretary of the Air Force 
    shall select and equip at least two aircraft for use in the 
    demonstration that the Secretary otherwise intends to use for close 
    air support.
        (2) Close air support operations.--If the demonstration under 
    subsection (a) is conducted, the demonstration shall include close 
    air support operations that involve the following:
            (A) Multiple tactical radio networks representing diverse 
        ground force user communities.
            (B) Two-way digital exchanges of situational awareness 
        data, video, and calls for fire between aircraft and ground 
        users without modification to aircraft operational flight 
        profiles.
            (C) Real-time sharing of blue force, aircraft, and target 
        location data to reduce risks of fratricide.
            (D) Lightweight digital tools based on commercial-off-the-
        shelf technology for pilots and joint tactical air controllers.
            (E) Operations in simple and complex operating 
        environments.
    (c) Assessment.--If the demonstration under subsection (a) is 
conducted, the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of the Army, 
and the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency shall 
jointly--
        (1) assess the effect of the capabilities demonstrated as part 
    of the demonstration required by subsection (a) on--
            (A) the time required to conduct close air support 
        operations;
            (B) the effectiveness of blue force in achieving tactical 
        objectives; and
            (C) the risk of fratricide and collateral damage;
        (2) estimate the costs that would be incurred in transitioning 
    the technology used in the persistent close air support capability 
    to the Army and the Air Force; and
        (3) provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing 
    on the results of the demonstration, the assessment under paragraph 
    (1), and the cost estimates under paragraph (2) by December 1, 
    2016.
    SEC. 233. STRATEGIES FOR ENGAGEMENT WITH HISTORICALLY BLACK 
      COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY-SERVING INSTITUTIONS OF 
      HIGHER EDUCATION.
    (a) Basic Research Entities.--
        (1) Strategy.--The heads of each basic research entity shall 
    each develop a strategy for how to engage with and support the 
    development of scientific, technical, engineering, and mathematics 
    capabilities of covered educational institutions in carrying out 
    section 2362 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Elements.--Each strategy under paragraph (1) shall include 
    the following:
            (A) Goals and vision for maintaining a credible and 
        sustainable program relating to the engagement and support 
        under the strategy.
            (B) Metrics to enhance scientific, technical, engineering, 
        and mathematics capabilities at covered educational 
        institutions, including with respect to measuring progress 
        toward increasing the success of such institutions to compete 
        for broader research funding sources other than set-aside 
        funds.
            (C) Promotion of mentoring opportunities between covered 
        educational institutions and other research institutions.
            (D) Regular assessment of activities that are used to 
        develop, maintain, and grow scientific, technical, engineering, 
        and mathematics capabilities.
            (E) Inclusion of faculty of covered educational 
        institutions into program reviews, peer reviews, and other 
        similar activities.
            (F) Targeting of undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate 
        students at covered educational institutions for inclusion into 
        research or internship opportunities within the military 
        department.
    (b) Office of the Secretary.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop and implement a strategy for how to engage with and support the 
development of scientific, technical, engineering, and mathematics 
capabilities of covered educational institutions pursuant to the 
strategies developed under subsection (a).
    (c) Submission.--
        (1) Basic research entities.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the heads of each basic research 
    entity shall each submit to the congressional defense committees 
    the strategy developed by the head under subsection (a)(1).
        (2) Office of the secretary.--Not later than one year after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees the strategy 
    developed under subsection (b).
    (d) Covered Institution Defined.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``basic research entity'' means an entity of the 
    Department of Defense that executes research, development, test, 
    and evaluation budget activity 1 funding, as described in the 
    Department of Defense Financial Management Regulation.
        (2) The term ``covered educational institution'' has the 
    meaning given that term in section 2362(e) of title 10, United 
    States Code.
    SEC. 234. REPORT ON COMMERCIAL-OFF-THE-SHELF WIDE-AREA SURVEILLANCE 
      SYSTEMS FOR ARMY TACTICAL UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS.
    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that contains the findings of 
a market survey and assessment of commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area 
surveillance sensors operationally suitable for insertion into the 
tactical unmanned aerial systems of the Army.
    (b) Elements.--The market survey and assessment contained in the 
report under subsection (a) shall include--
        (1) specific details regarding the capabilities of current and 
    commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance sensors that are, 
    or could be, used on tactical unmanned aerial systems of the Army, 
    including--
            (A) daytime and nighttime monitoring coverage;
            (B) video resolution outputs;
            (C) bandwidth requirements;
            (D) activity-based intelligence and forensic capabilities;
            (E) simultaneous region of interest monitoring capability;
            (F) interoperability with other sensors and subsystems 
        currently used on such tactical unmanned aerial systems;
            (G) sensor weight;
            (H) sensor cost;
            (I) frame rates;
            (J) on-board processing capabilities; and
            (K) any other factors the Secretary considers relevant;
        (2) an assessment of the effect on such tactical unmanned 
    aerial systems due to the insertion of commercial-off-the-shelf 
    wide-area surveillance sensors; and
        (3) recommendations on the advisability and feasibility to 
    upgrade or enhance wide-area surveillance sensors of such tactical 
    unmanned aerial systems, as considered appropriate by the 
    Secretary.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) may contain a classified 
annex.
    SEC. 235. REPORT ON TACTICAL COMBAT TRAINING SYSTEM INCREMENT II.
    (a) Report.--Not later than January 29, 2016, the Secretary of the 
Navy and the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the baseline and 
alternatives to the Tactical Air Combat Training System (TCTS) 
Increment II of the Navy.
    (b) Contents.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) An explanation of the rationale for a new start TCTS II 
    program as compared to an incremental upgrade to the existing TCTS 
    system.
        (2) An estimate of total cost to develop, procure, and replace 
    the existing Department of the Navy TCTS architecture with an 
    encrypted TCTS II compared to upgrades to existing TCTS.
        (3) A cost estimate and schedule comparison of achieving 
    encryption requirements into the existing TCTS program as compared 
    to TCTS II.
        (4) A review of joint Department of the Air Force and the 
    Department of the Navy investment in live-virtual-constructive 
    advanced air combat training and planned timeline for inclusion 
    into TCTS II architecture.
        (5) A cost estimate to integrate F-35 aircraft with TCTS II and 
    achieve interoperability between the Department of the Navy and 
    Department of the Air Force.
        (6) A cost estimate for coalition partners to achieve TCTS II 
    interoperability within the Department of Defense.
        (7) An assessment of risks posed by non-interoperable TCTS 
    systems within the Department of the Navy and the Department of the 
    Air Force.
        (8) An explanation of the acquisition strategy for the TCTS 
    program.
        (9) An explanation of key performance parameters for the TCTS 
    II program.
        (10) Any other information the Secretary of the Navy and 
    Secretary of the Air Force determine is appropriate to include.
    SEC. 236. REPORT ON TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVELS OF THE TECHNOLOGIES 
      AND CAPABILITIES CRITICAL TO THE LONG-RANGE STRIKE BOMBER 
      AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the technology readiness 
levels of the technologies and capabilities critical to the long-range 
strike bomber aircraft.
    (b) Review by Comptroller General of the United States.--Not later 
than 60 days after the report of the Secretary is submitted under 
subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
review the report and submit to the congressional defense committees an 
assessment of the matters contained in the report.
    SEC. 237. ASSESSMENT OF AIR-LAND MOBILE TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS AND 
      DATA NETWORK REQUIREMENTS AND CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation shall seek to enter into a contract with a federally 
funded research and development center to conduct a comprehensive 
assessment of current and future requirements and capabilities of the 
Army with respect to air-land ad hoc, mobile tactical communications 
and data networks, including the technological feasibility, 
suitability, and survivability of such networks.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) Concepts, capabilities, and capacities of current or future 
    communications and data network systems to meet the requirements of 
    current or future tactical operations effectively, efficiently, and 
    affordably.
        (2) Software requirements and capabilities, particularly with 
    respect to communications and data network waveforms.
        (3) Hardware requirements and capabilities, particularly with 
    respect to receiver and transmission technology, tactical 
    communications, and data radios at all levels and on all platforms, 
    all associated technologies, and their integration, compatibility, 
    and interoperability.
        (4) Any other matters relevant or necessary for a comprehensive 
    assessment of tactical networks or networking in the Warfighter 
    Information Network-Tactical (Increments 1 and 2).
    (c) Independent Entity.--The Director shall select a federally 
funded research and development center with direct, long-standing, and 
demonstrated experience and expertise in program test and evaluation of 
concepts, requirements, and technologies for joint tactical 
communications and data networking to perform the assessment under 
subsection (a).
    (d) Report Required.--Not later than April 30, 2016, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense commitments a 
report including the findings and recommendations of the assessment 
conducted under subsection (a), together with the separate comments of 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Army.
    SEC. 238. STUDY OF FIELD FAILURES INVOLVING COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONIC 
      PARTS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a hardware 
assurance study to assess the presence, scope, and effect on Department 
of Defense operations of counterfeit electronic parts that have passed 
through the supply chain of the Department and into fielded systems.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) The technical analysis conducted under paragraph (1) of 
    subsection (c).
        (2) The report on the technical assessment submitted under 
    paragraph (3)(B) of subsection (c).
        (3) Recommendations for such legislative and administrative 
    action, including budget requirements, as the Secretary considers 
    necessary to conduct sampling and technical hardware analyses of 
    counterfeit parts in identified areas of high concern.
    (c) Execution and Technical Analysis.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary shall direct the executive agent 
    for printed circuit board technology designated under section 
    256(a) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2501 note) to 
    coordinate the execution of the study under subsection (a) using 
    capabilities of the Department in effect on the day before the date 
    of the enactment of this Act to conduct a technical analysis on a 
    sample of failed electronic parts in fielded systems.
        (2) Elements.--The technical analysis required by paragraph (1) 
    shall include the following:
            (A) The selection of a representative sample of electronic 
        component types, including digital, mixed-signal, and analog 
        integrated circuits.
            (B) An assessment of the presence of counterfeit parts, 
        including causes and attributes of failures of any identified 
        counterfeit part.
            (C) For components found to have counterfeit parts, an 
        assessment of the effect of the counterfeit part in the failure 
        mechanism.
            (D) For cases with counterfeit parts contributing to the 
        failure, a determination of the failure attributes, factors, 
        and effects on subsystem and system level reliability, 
        readiness, and performance.
        (3) Technical assessment.--For any parts assessed under 
    paragraph (2) that demonstrate unusual or suspicious failure 
    mechanisms, the federation established under section 937(a)(1) of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public 
    Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) shall--
            (A) conduct a technical assessment for indications of 
        malicious tampering; and
            (B) submit to the executive agent described in paragraph 
        (1) a report on the findings of the federation with respect to 
        the technical assessment.
    (d) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 540 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the study carried out 
    under subsection (a).
        (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following:
            (A) The findings of the Secretary with respect to the study 
        conducted under subsection (a).
            (B) The recommendations developed under subsection (b)(3).
    SEC. 239. AIRBORNE DATA LINK PLAN.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff shall jointly, in consultation with the Secretary of the Navy and 
the Secretary of the Air Force, develop a plan--
        (1) to provide objective survivable communications gateways to 
    enable--
            (A) the secure dissemination of national and tactical 
        intelligence information to fourth-generation fighter aircraft 
        and supporting airborne platforms and to low-observable 
        penetrating platforms such as the F-22 and F-35 aircraft; and
            (B) the secure reception and dissemination of sensor data 
        from low-observable penetrating aircraft, such as the F-22 and 
        F-35 aircraft;
        (2) to provide secure data sharing between the fifth-generation 
    fighter aircraft of the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps, 
    with minimal changes to the outer surfaces of the aircraft and to 
    aircraft operational flight programs; and
        (3) to enable secure data sharing between fifth-generation and 
    fourth-generation aircraft in jamming environments.
    (b) Additional Plan Requirements.--The plan under subsection (a) 
shall include non-proprietary and open systems approaches that are 
compatible with the rapid capabilities office open mission systems 
initiative of the Air Force and the future airborne capability 
environment initiative of the Navy.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2016, the Under 
Secretary and the Vice Chairman shall jointly provide to the Committee 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Armed Services of the Senate a briefing on the plan under subsection 
(a).
    SEC. 240. PLAN FOR ADVANCED WEAPONS TECHNOLOGY WAR GAMES.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall develop and implement 
a plan for integrating advanced weapons and offset technologies into 
exercises carried out individually and jointly by the military 
departments to improve the development and experimentation of various 
concepts for employment by the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) Identification of specific exercises to be carried out 
    individually or jointly by the military departments under the plan.
        (2) Identification of emerging advanced weapons and offset 
    technologies based on joint and individual recommendations of the 
    military departments, including with respect to directed-energy 
    weapons, hypersonic strike systems, autonomous systems, or other 
    technologies as determined by the Secretary.
        (3) A schedule for integrating either prototype capabilities or 
    table-top exercises into relevant exercises.
        (4) A method for capturing lessons learned and providing 
    feedback both to the developers of the advanced weapons and offset 
    technology and the military departments.
    (c) Submission.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
containing the plan under subsection (a) and a status update on the 
implementation of such plan.
    SEC. 241. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF F135 ENGINE PROGRAM.
    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
a contract with a federally funded research and development center to 
conduct an assessment of the F135 engine program.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) An assessment of the reliability, growth, and cost-
    reduction efforts with respect to the F135 engine program, 
    including--
            (A) a detailed description of the reliability and cost 
        history of the engine;
            (B) the identification of key reliability and cost 
        challenges to the program as of the date of the assessment; and
            (C) the identification of any potential options for 
        addressing such challenges.
        (2) In accordance with subsection (c), a thorough assessment of 
    the incident on June 23, 2014, consisting of an F135 engine failure 
    and subsequent fire, including--
            (A) the identification and definition of the root cause of 
        the incident;
            (B) the identification of potential actions or design 
        changes needed to address such root cause; and
            (C) the associated cost, schedule, and performance 
        implications of such incident to both the F135 engine program 
        and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.
    (c) Conduct of Assessment.--The federally funded research and 
development center selected to conduct the assessment under subsection 
(a) shall carry out subsection (b)(2) by analyzing data collected by 
the F-35 Joint Program Office, other elements of the Federal 
Government, or contractors. Nothing in this section may be construed as 
affecting the plans of the Secretary to dispose of the aircraft 
involved in the incident described in such subsection (b)(2).
    (d) Report.--Not later than March 15, 2016, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing the 
assessment conducted under subsection (a).
    SEC. 242. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS 
      INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR F-35 LIGHTNING II AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Comptroller General 
of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the autonomic logistics information system for 
the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include, at a 
minimum, the following:
        (1) The fielding status, in terms of units equipped with 
    various software and hardware configurations, for the autonomic 
    logistics information system element of the F-35 Lightning II 
    aircraft program, as of the date of the report.
        (2) The development schedule for upgrades to the autonomic 
    logistics information system, and an assessment of the ability of 
    the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program to maintain such schedule.
        (3) The views of maintenance personnel and other personnel 
    involved in operating and maintaining F-35 Lightning II aircraft in 
    testing and operational units.
        (4) The effect of the autonomic logistics information system 
    program on the operational availability of the F-35 Lightning II 
    aircraft program.
        (5) Improvements, if any, regarding the time required for 
    maintenance personnel to input data and use the autonomic logistics 
    information system.
        (6) The ability of the autonomic logistics information system 
    to be deployed on both ships and to forward land-based locations, 
    including any limitations of such a deployable version.
        (7) The cost estimates for development and fielding of the 
    autonomic logistics information system program and an assessment of 
    the capability of the program to address performance problems 
    within the planned resources.
        (8) Other matters regarding the autonomic logistics information 
    system that the Comptroller General determines of critical 
    importance to the long-term viability of the system.
    SEC. 243. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING FACILITATION OF A HIGH 
      QUALITY TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense should 
explore using existing authorities for promoting science, technology, 
engineering, and mathematics programs, such as under section 233 of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note), to 
allow laboratories of the Department of Defense and federally funded 
research and development centers to help facilitate and shape a high 
quality scientific and technical future workforce that can support the 
needs of the Department.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.
Sec. 312. Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas.
Sec. 313. Modification of energy management reporting requirements.
Sec. 314. Revision to scope of statutorily required review of projects 
          relating to potential obstructions to aviation so as to apply 
          only to energy projects.
Sec. 315. Exclusions from definition of ``chemical substance'' under 
          Toxic Substances Control Act.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 322. Repeal of limitation on authority to enter into a contract for 
          the sustainment, maintenance, repair, or overhaul of the F117 
          engine.
Sec. 323. Pilot programs for availability of working-capital funds for 
          product improvements.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modification of annual report on prepositioned materiel and 
          equipment.
Sec. 332. Report on merger of Office of Assistant Secretary for 
          Operational Energy Plans and Deputy Under Secretary for 
          Installations and Environment.
Sec. 333. Report on equipment purchased noncompetitively from foreign 
          entities.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Prohibition on contracts making payments for honoring members 
          of the Armed Forces at sporting events.
Sec. 342. Military animals: transfer and adoption.
Sec. 343. Temporary authority to extend contracts and leases under the 
          ARMS Initiative.
Sec. 344. Improvements to Department of Defense excess property 
          disposal.
Sec. 345. Limitation on use of funds for Department of Defense 
          sponsorships, advertising, or marketing associated with 
          sports-related organizations or sporting events.
Sec. 346. Reduction in amounts available for Department of Defense 
          headquarters, administrative, and support activities.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

    SEC. 311. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF DROP-IN FUELS.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 173 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2922h. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels
    ``(a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense may not make a bulk purchase of a drop-in fuel for 
operational purposes unless the fully burdened cost of that drop-in 
fuel is cost-competitive with the fully burdened cost of a traditional 
fuel available for the same purpose.
    ``(b) Waiver.--(1) Subject to the requirements of paragraph (2), 
the Secretary of Defense may waive the limitation under subsection (a) 
with respect to a purchase.
    ``(2) Not later than 30 days after issuing a waiver under this 
subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees notice of the waiver. Any such notice shall include each of 
the following:
        ``(A) The rationale of the Secretary for issuing the waiver.
        ``(B) A certification that the waiver is in the national 
    security interest of the United States.
        ``(C) The expected fully burdened cost of the purchase for 
    which the waiver is issued.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `drop-in fuel' means a neat or blended liquid 
    hydrocarbon fuel designed as a direct replacement for a traditional 
    fuel with comparable performance characteristics and compatible 
    with existing infrastructure and equipment.
        ``(2) The term `traditional fuel' means a liquid hydrocarbon 
    fuel derived or refined from petroleum.
        ``(3) The term `operational purposes'--
            ``(A) means for the purposes of conducting military 
        operations, including training, exercises, large scale 
        demonstrations, and moving and sustaining military forces and 
        military platforms; and
            ``(B) does not include research, development, testing, 
        evaluation, fuel certification, or other demonstrations.
        ``(4) The term `fully burdened cost' means the commodity price 
    of the fuel plus the total cost of all personnel and assets 
    required to move and, when necessary, protect the fuel from the 
    point at which the fuel is received from the commercial supplier to 
    the point of use.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such subchapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 2922g the following new item:

``2922h. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.''.
    SEC. 312. SOUTHERN SEA OTTER MILITARY READINESS AREAS.
    (a) Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
Areas.--Chapter 631 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7235. Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
    Areas
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Navy shall establish 
areas, to be known as `Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas', 
for national defense purposes. Such areas shall include each of the 
following:
        ``(1) The area that includes Naval Base Ventura County, San 
    Nicolas Island, and Begg Rock and the adjacent and surrounding 
    waters within the following coordinates:


 
                       ``N. Latitude/W. Longitude
 
                    3327.8'/11934.3'
                    3320.5'/11915.5'
                    3313.5'/11911.8'
                    3306.5'/11915.3'
                    3302.8'/11926.8'
                    3308.8'/11946.3'
                    3317.2'/11956.9'
                   3330.9'/11954.2'.
 


        ``(2) The area that includes Naval Base Coronado, San Clemente 
    Island and the adjacent and surrounding waters running parallel to 
    shore to 3 nautical miles from the high tide line designated by 
    part 165 of title 33, Code of Federal Regulations, on May 20, 2010, 
    as the San Clemente Island 3NM Safety Zone.
    ``(b) Activities Within the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
Areas.--
        ``(1) Incidental takings under endangered species act of 
    1973.--Sections 4 and 9 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
    U.S.C. 1533, 1538) shall not apply with respect to the incidental 
    taking of any southern sea otter in the Southern Sea Otter Military 
    Readiness Areas in the course of conducting a military readiness 
    activity.
        ``(2) Incidental takings under marine mammal protection act of 
    1972.--Sections 101 and 102 of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 
    1972 (16 U.S.C. 1371, 1372) shall not apply with respect to the 
    incidental taking of any southern sea otter in the Southern Sea 
    Otter Military Readiness Areas in the course of conducting a 
    military readiness activity.
        ``(3) Treatment as species proposed to be listed.--For purposes 
    of conducting a military readiness activity, any southern sea otter 
    while within the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas shall 
    be treated for the purposes of section 7 of the Endangered Species 
    Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) as a member of a species that is 
    proposed to be listed as an endangered species or a threatened 
    species under section 4 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
    U.S.C. 1533).
    ``(c) Removal.--Nothing in this section or any other Federal law 
shall be construed to require that any southern sea otter located 
within the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas be removed from 
the Areas.
    ``(d) Revision or Termination of Exceptions.--The Secretary of the 
Interior may revise or terminate the application of subsection (b) if 
the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary of 
the Navy, determines that military activities occurring in the Southern 
Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas are impeding the southern sea otter 
conservation or the return of southern sea otters to optimum 
sustainable population levels.
    ``(e) Monitoring.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct 
    monitoring and research within the Southern Sea Otter Military 
    Readiness Areas to determine the effects of military readiness 
    activities on the growth or decline of the southern sea otter 
    population and on the near-shore ecosystem. Monitoring and research 
    parameters and methods shall be determined in consultation with the 
    Service.
        ``(2) Reports.--Not later than 24 months after the date of the 
    enactment of this section and every three years thereafter, the 
    Secretary of the Navy shall report to Congress and the public on 
    monitoring undertaken pursuant to paragraph (1).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Southern sea otter.--The term `southern sea otter' means 
    any member of the subspecies Enhydra lutris nereis.
        ``(2) Take.--The term `take'--
            ``(A) when used in reference to activities subject to 
        regulation by the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
        1531 et seq.), shall have the meaning given such term in that 
        Act; and
            ``(B) when used in reference to activities subject to 
        regulation by the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (16 
        U.S.C. 1361 et seq.) shall have the meaning given such term in 
        that Act.
        ``(3) Incidental taking.--The term `incidental taking' means 
    any take of a southern sea otter that is incidental to, and not the 
    purpose of, the carrying out of an otherwise lawful activity.
        ``(4) Military readiness activity.--The term `military 
    readiness activity' has the meaning given that term in section 
    315(f) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2003 (16 U.S.C. 703 note) and includes all training and 
    operations of the armed forces that relate to combat and the 
    adequate and realistic testing of military equipment, vehicles, 
    weapons, and sensors for proper operation and suitability for 
    combat use.
        ``(5) Optimum sustainable population.--The term `optimum 
    sustainable population' means, with respect to any population 
    stock, the number of animals that will result in the maximum 
    productivity of the population or the species, keeping in mind the 
    carrying capacity of the habitat and the health of the ecosystem of 
    which they form a constituent element.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``7235. Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
          Areas.''.
    SEC. 313. MODIFICATION OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraphs (4) and (7);
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (8), (9), (10), (11), 
    and (12) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), and (10), 
    respectively;
        (3) by amending paragraph (7), as redesignated by paragraph (2) 
    of this section, to read as follows:
        ``(7) A description and estimate of the progress made by the 
    military departments in meeting current high performance and 
    sustainable building standards under the Unified Facilities 
    Criteria.'';
        (4) by amending paragraph (9), as redesignated by such 
    paragraph (2), to read as follows:
        ``(9) Details of all commercial utility outages caused by 
    threats and those caused by hazards at military installations that 
    last eight hours or longer, whether or not the outage was mitigated 
    by backup power, including non-commercial utility outages and 
    Department of Defense-owned infrastructure, including the total 
    number and location of outages, the financial impact of the 
    outages, and measure taken to mitigate outages in the future at the 
    affected locations and across the Department of Defense.''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(11) At the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, a 
    classified annex, as appropriate.''.
    SEC. 314. REVISION TO SCOPE OF STATUTORILY REQUIRED REVIEW OF 
      PROJECTS RELATING TO POTENTIAL OBSTRUCTIONS TO AVIATION SO AS TO 
      APPLY ONLY TO ENERGY PROJECTS.
    (a) Scope of Section.--Section 358 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 
Stat. 4198; 49 U.S.C. 44718 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``from State and local 
    officials or the developer of a renewable energy development or 
    other energy project'' and inserting ``from a State government, an 
    Indian tribal government, a local government, a landowner, or the 
    developer of an energy project'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(4), by striking ``readiness, and'' and 
    all that follows and inserting ``readiness and to clearly 
    communicate to such parties actions being taken by the Department 
    of Defense under this section.'';
        (3) in subsection (d)(2)(B), by striking ``as high, medium, or 
    low'';
        (4) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (k); and
        (5) by inserting after subsection (i) the following new 
    subsection (j):
    ``(j) Applicability of Section.--This section does not apply to a 
non-energy project.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Subsection (k) of such section, as redesignated 
by paragraph (4) of subsection (a), is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
        ``(4) The term `energy project' means a project that provides 
    for the generation or transmission of electrical energy.
        ``(5) The term `non-energy project' means a project that is not 
    an energy project.
        ``(6) The term `landowner' means a person or other legal entity 
    that owns a fee interest in real property on which a proposed 
    energy project is planned to be located.''.
    SEC. 315. EXCLUSIONS FROM DEFINITION OF ``CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE'' 
      UNDER TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT.
    Section 3(2)(B)(v) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 
2602(2)(B)(v)) is amended by striking ``, and'' and inserting ``and any 
component of such an article (limited to shot shells, cartridges, and 
components of shot shells and cartridges), and''.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

    SEC. 322. REPEAL OF LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY TO ENTER INTO A 
      CONTRACT FOR THE SUSTAINMENT, MAINTENANCE, REPAIR, OR OVERHAUL OF 
      THE F117 ENGINE.
    Section 341 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3345) is repealed.
    SEC. 323. PILOT PROGRAMS FOR AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS 
      FOR PRODUCT IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) Pilot Programs Required.--During fiscal year 2016, each of the 
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and 
Technology, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, 
Development, and Acquisition, and the Assistant Secretary of the Air 
Force for Acquisition shall initiate a pilot program pursuant to 
section 330 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 68), as amended by section 332 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat. 1697).
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--A minimum of $5,000,000 
of working-capital funds shall be used for each of the pilot programs 
initiated under subsection (a) for fiscal year 2016.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

    SEC. 331. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL 
      AND EQUIPMENT.
    Section 2229a(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
        ``(8) A list of any equipment used in support of contingency 
    operations slated for retrograde and subsequent inclusion in the 
    prepositioned stocks.''.
    SEC. 332. REPORT ON MERGER OF OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR 
      OPERATIONAL ENERGY PLANS AND DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARY FOR 
      INSTALLATIONS AND ENVIRONMENT.
    The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
merger of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Operational Energy Plans and the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary 
of Defense for Installations and Environment under section 901 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3462). Such report shall include--
        (1) a description of how the office is implementing its 
    responsibilities under sections 138(b)(9), 138(c), and 2925(b) of 
    title 10, United States Code, and Department of Defense Directives 
    5134.15 (Assistant Secretary of Defense for Operational Energy 
    Plans and Programs) and 4280.01 (Department of Defense Energy 
    Policy);
        (2) a description of any efficiencies achieved as a result of 
    the merger; and
        (3) the number of Department of Defense personnel whose 
    responsibilities are focused on energy matters specifically.
    SEC. 333. REPORT ON EQUIPMENT PURCHASED NONCOMPETITIVELY FROM 
      FOREIGN ENTITIES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 30, 2016, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report containing a list of each contract awarded to a foreign entity 
outside of the national technology and industrial base, as described in 
section 2505(c) of title 10, United States Code, by the Department of 
Defense during fiscal years 2011 through 2015--
        (1) using procedures other than competitive procedures; and
        (2) for the procurement of equipment, weapons, weapons systems, 
    components, subcomponents, or end-items with a value of $10,000,000 
    or more.
    (b) Elements of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include, for each contract listed, each of the following:
        (1) An identification of the items purchased under the 
    contract--
            (A) described in section 8302(a)(1) of title 41, United 
        States Code, and purchased from a foreign manufacturer by 
        reason of an exception under section 8302(a)(2)(A) or section 
        8302(a)(2)(B) of such title;
            (B) described in section 2533b(a)(1) of title 10, United 
        States Code, and purchased from a foreign manufacturer by 
        reason of an exception under section 2533b(b); and
            (C) described in section 2534(a) of such title and 
        purchased from a foreign manufacturer by reason of a waiver 
        exercised under paragraph (1), (2), (4), or (5) of section 
        2534(d) of such title.
        (2) The rationale for using the exception or waiver.
        (3) A list of potential alternative manufacturing sources from 
    the public and private sector that could be developed to establish 
    competition for those items.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

    SEC. 341. PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTS MAKING PAYMENTS FOR HONORING 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AT SPORTING EVENTS.
    (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2241a the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2241b. Prohibition on contracts providing payments for 
     activities at sporting events to honor members of the armed forces
    ``(a) Prohibition.--The Department of Defense may not enter into 
any contract or other agreement under which payments are to be made in 
exchange for activities by the contractor intended to honor, or giving 
the appearance of honoring, members of the armed forces (whether 
members of the regular components or the reserve components) at any 
form of sporting event.
    ``(b) Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be construed 
as prohibiting the Department of Defense from taking actions to 
facilitate activities intended to honor members of the armed forces at 
sporting events that are provided on a pro bono basis or otherwise 
funded with non-Federal funds if such activities are provided and 
received in accordance with applicable rules and regulations regarding 
the acceptance of gifts by the military departments, the armed forces, 
and members of the armed forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 2241a the following new 
item:

``2241b. Prohibition on contracts providing payments for activities at 
          sporting events to honor members of the armed forces.''.
    SEC. 342. MILITARY ANIMALS: TRANSFER AND ADOPTION.
    (a) Availability for Adoption.--Section 2583(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``may'' in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1) and inserting ``shall''.
    (b) Authorized Recipients.--Subsection (c) of section 2583 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorized Recipients.--(1) A military animal shall be made 
available for adoption under this section, in order of recommended 
priority--
        ``(A) by former handlers of the animal;
        ``(B) by other persons capable of humanely caring for the 
    animal; and
        ``(C) by law enforcement agencies.
    ``(2) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that an adoption is justified under subsection (a)(2) under 
circumstances under which the handler of a military working dog is 
wounded in action, the dog shall be made available for adoption only by 
the handler. If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that such an adoption is justified under circumstances under 
which the handler of a military working dog is killed in action or dies 
of wounds received in action, the military working dog shall be made 
available for adoption only by a parent, child, spouse, or sibling of 
the deceased handler.''.
    (c) Transfer for Adoption.--Subsection (f) of section 2583 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding paragraph 
(1) by striking ``may transfer'' and inserting ``shall transfer''.
    (d) Location of Retirement.--Subsection (f) of such section is 
further amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs 
    (A) and (B), respectively;
        (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``If the Secretary'';
        (3) in paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph (2) of this 
    subsection--
            (A) by striking ``, and no suitable adoption is available 
        at the military facility where the dog is located,''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B), as designated by paragraph (1) of 
        this subsection, by inserting ``within the United States'' 
        after ``to another location''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply if at the time of retirement--
        ``(A) the dog is located outside the United States and a United 
    States citizen or service member living abroad adopts the dog; or
        ``(B) the dog is located within the United States and suitable 
    adoption is available where the dog is located.''.
    (e) Preference in Adoption for Former Handlers.--Such section is 
further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection (g):
    ``(g) Preference in Adoption of Retired Military Working Dogs for 
Former Handlers.--(1) In providing for the adoption under this section 
of a retired military working dog described in paragraph (1) or (3) of 
subsection (a), the Secretary of the military department concerned 
shall accord a preference to the former handler of the dog unless the 
Secretary determines that adoption of the dog by the former handler 
would not be in the best interests of the dog.
    ``(2) In the case of a dog covered by paragraph (1) with more than 
one former handler seeking adoption of the dog at the time of adoption, 
the Secretary shall provide for the adoption of the dog by such former 
handler whose adoption of the dog will best serve the interests of the 
dog and such former handlers. The Secretary shall make any 
determination required by this paragraph with respect to a dog 
following consultation with the kennel master of the unit at which the 
dog was last located before adoption under this section.
    ``(3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as altering, 
revising, or overriding any policy of a military department for the 
adoption of military working dogs by law enforcement agencies before 
the end of the dogs' useful lives.''.
    SEC. 343. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO EXTEND CONTRACTS AND LEASES UNDER 
      THE ARMS INITIATIVE.
    Contracts or subcontracts entered into pursuant to section 
4554(a)(3)(A) of title 10, United States Code, on or before the date 
that is five years after the date of the enactment of this Act may 
include an option to extend the term of the contract or subcontract for 
an additional 25 years.
    SEC. 344. IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY 
      DISPOSAL.
    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than March 15, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for 
the improved management and oversight of the systems, processes, and 
controls involved in the disposition of excess non-mission essential 
equipment and materiel by the Defense Logistics Agency Disposition 
Services.
    (b) Contents of Plan.--At a minimum, the plan shall address each of 
the following:
        (1) Backlogs of unprocessed property at disposition sites that 
    do not meet Defense Logistics Agency Disposition Services goals.
        (2) Customer wait times.
        (3) Procedures governing the disposal of serviceable items in 
    order to prevent the destruction of excess property eligible for 
    utilization, transfer, or donation before potential recipients are 
    able to view and obtain the property.
        (4) Validation of materiel release orders.
        (5) Assuring adequate physical security for the storage of 
    equipment.
        (6) The number of personnel required to effectively manage 
    retrograde sort yards.
        (7) Managing any potential increase in the amount of excess 
    property to be processed.
        (8) Improving the reliability of Defense Logistics Agency 
    Disposition Services data.
        (9) Procedures for ensuring no property is offered for public 
    sale until all requirements for utilization, transfer, and donation 
    are met.
        (10) Validation of physical inventory against database entries.
    (c) Congressional Briefing.--By not later than March 15, 2016, the 
Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing on the actions taken to implement the plan required under 
subsection (a).
    SEC. 345. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      SPONSORSHIPS, ADVERTISING, OR MARKETING ASSOCIATED WITH SPORTS-
      RELATED ORGANIZATIONS OR SPORTING EVENTS.
    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department of 
Defense by this Act or otherwise made available to the Department for 
sponsorship, advertising, or marketing associated with sports-related 
organizations or sporting events, not more than 75 percent may be 
obligated or expended until the date on which the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness, in consultation with the Director 
of Accessions Policy--
        (1) conducts a review of current contracts and task orders for 
    such sponsorships, advertising, and marketing (as awarded by the 
    regular and reserve components of the Armed Forces) in order to 
    assess--
            (A) whether such sponsorships, advertising, and marketing 
        are effective in meeting the recruiting objectives of the 
        Department;
            (B) whether consistent metrics are used to evaluate the 
        effectiveness of each such activity in generating leads and 
        recruit accessions; and
            (C) whether the return on investment for such activities is 
        sufficient to warrant the continuing use of Department funds 
        for such activities; and
        (2) submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
    and the House of Representatives a report that includes--
            (A) a description of the actions being taken to coordinate 
        efforts of the Department relating to such sponsorships, 
        advertising, and marketing, and to minimize duplicative 
        contracts for such sponsorships, advertising, and marketing, as 
        applicable; and
            (B) the results of the review required by paragraph (1), 
        including an assessment of the extent to which the continuing 
        use of Department funds for such sponsorships, advertising, and 
        marketing is warranted in light of the review and the actions 
        described pursuant to subparagraph (A).
    SEC. 346. REDUCTION IN AMOUNTS AVAILABLE FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      HEADQUARTERS, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND SUPPORT ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Plan for Achievement of Cost Savings.--
        (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 120 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    implement a plan to ensure that the Department of Defense achieves 
    not less than $10,000,000,000 in cost savings from the 
    headquarters, administrative, and support activities of the 
    Department during the period beginning with fiscal year 2015 and 
    ending with fiscal year 2019. The Secretary shall ensure that at 
    least one half of the required cost savings are programmed for 
    fiscal years before fiscal year 2018.
        (2) Treatment of savings pursuant to headquarters reduction.--
    Documented savings achieved pursuant to the headquarters reduction 
    requirement in subsection (b), other than savings achieved in 
    fiscal year 2020, shall count toward the cost savings required by 
    paragraph (1).
        (3) Treatment of savings pursuant to management activities.--
    Documented savings in the human resources management, health care 
    management, financial flow management, information technology 
    infrastructure and management, supply chain and logistics, 
    acquisition and procurement, and real property management 
    activities of the Department during the period referred to in 
    paragraph (1) may be counted toward the cost savings required by 
    paragraph (1).
        (4) Treatment of savings pursuant to force structure 
    revisions.--Savings or reductions to military force structure or 
    military operating units of the Armed Forces may not count toward 
    the cost savings required by paragraph (1).
        (5) Reports.--The Secretary shall include with the budget for 
    the Department of Defense for each of fiscal years 2017, 2018, and 
    2019, as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 
    31, United States Code, a report describing and assessing the 
    progress of the Department in implementing the plan required by 
    paragraph (1) and in achieving the cost savings required by that 
    paragraph.
        (6) Comptroller general assessments.--Not later than 90 days 
    after the submittal of each report required by paragraph (5), the 
    Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
    assessment of the Comptroller General of the report and of the 
    extent to which the Department of Defense is in compliance with the 
    requirements of this section.
    (b) Headquarters Reductions.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall modify the 
    headquarters reduction plan required by section 904 of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 
    127 Stat. 816; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) to ensure that it achieves 
    savings in the total funding available for major Department of 
    Defense headquarters activities by fiscal year 2020 that are not 
    less than 25 percent of the baseline amount. The modified plan 
    shall establish a specific savings objective for each major 
    headquarters activity in each fiscal year through fiscal year 2020. 
    The budget for the Department of Defense for each fiscal year after 
    fiscal year 2016 shall reflect the savings required by the modified 
    plan.
        (2) Baseline amount.--For the purposes of this subsection, the 
    baseline amount is the amount authorized to be appropriated by this 
    Act for fiscal year 2016 for major Department of Defense 
    headquarters activities, adjusted by a credit for reductions in 
    such headquarters activities that are documented, as of the date 
    that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, as 
    having been accomplished in earlier fiscal years in accordance with 
    the December 2013 directive of the Secretary of Defense on 
    headquarters reductions. The modified plan issued pursuant to 
    paragraph (1) shall include an overall baseline amount for all of 
    the major Department of Defense headquarters activities that 
    credits reductions accomplished in earlier fiscal years in 
    accordance with the December 2013 directive, and a specific 
    baseline amount for each such headquarters activity that credits 
    such reductions.
        (3) Major department of defense headquarters activities 
    defined.--In this subsection, the term ``major Department of 
    Defense headquarters activities'' means the following:
            (A) Each of the following organizations:
                (i) The Office of the Secretary of Defense and the 
            Joint Staff.
                (ii) The Office of the Secretary of the Army and the 
            Army Staff.
                (iii) The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, the 
            Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and Headquarters, 
            Marine Corps.
                (iv) The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and 
            the Air Staff.
                (v) The Office of the Chief, National Guard Bureau, and 
            the National Guard Joint Staff.
            (B)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), headquarters 
        elements of each of the following:
                (I) The combatant commands, the sub-unified commands, 
            and subordinate commands that directly report to such 
            commands.
                (II) The major commands of the military departments and 
            the subordinate commands that directly report to such 
            commands.
                (III) The component commands of the military 
            departments.
                (IV) The Defense Agencies, the Department of Defense 
            field activities, and the Office of the Inspector General 
            of the Department of Defense.
                (V) Department of Defense components that report 
            directly to the organizations specified in subparagraph 
            (A).
            (ii) Subordinate commands and direct-reporting components 
        otherwise described in clause (i) that do not have significant 
        functions other than operational, operational intelligence, or 
        tactical functions, or training for operational, operational 
        intelligence, or tactical functions, are not headquarters 
        elements for purposes of this subsection.
        (4) Implementation.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise applicable 
    guidance on the Department of Defense major headquarters activities 
    as needed to--
            (A) incorporate into such guidance the definition of the 
        term ``major Department of Defense headquarters activities'' as 
        provided in paragraph (3);
            (B) ensure that the term ``headquarters element'', as used 
        in paragraph (3)(B), is consistently applied within such 
        guidance to include--
                (i) senior leadership and staff functions of applicable 
            commands and components; and
                (ii) direct support to senior leadership and staff 
            functions of applicable commands and components and to 
            higher headquarters;
            (C) ensure that the budget and accounting systems of the 
        Department of Defense are modified to track funding for the 
        major Department of Defense headquarters activities as separate 
        funding lines; and
            (D) identify and address any deviation from the specific 
        savings objective established for a headquarters activity in 
        the modified plan issued by the Secretary pursuant to the 
        requirement in paragraph (1).
    (c) Comprehensive Review of Headquarters and Administrative and 
Support Activities.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
    comprehensive review of the management and operational headquarters 
    of the Department of Defense for purposes of consolidating and 
    streamlining headquarters functions and administrative and support 
    activities.
        (2) Elements.--The review required by paragraph (1) shall 
    address the following:
            (A) The extent, if any, to which the staff of the 
        Secretaries of the military departments and the Chiefs of Staff 
        of the Armed Forces have duplicative staff functions and 
        services and could be consolidated into a single service staff.
            (B) The extent, if any, to which the staff of the Office of 
        the Secretary of Defense, the military departments, the Defense 
        Agencies, and temporary organizations have duplicative staff 
        functions and services and could be streamlined with respect 
        to--
                (i) performing oversight and making policy;
                (ii) performing staff functions and services specific 
            to the military department concerned;
                (iii) performing multi-department staff functions and 
            services; and
                (iv) performing functions and services across the 
            Department of Defense with respect to intelligence 
            collection and analysis.
            (C) The extent, if any, to which the Joint Staff, the 
        combatant commands, and their subordinate service component 
        commands have duplicative staff functions and services that 
        could be shared, consolidated, eliminated, or otherwise 
        streamlined with--
                (i) the Joint Staff performing oversight and execution;
                (ii) the staff of the combatant commands performing 
            only staff functions and services specific to the combatant 
            command concerned; and
                (iii) the staff of the service component commands of 
            the combatant commands performing only staff functions and 
            services specific to the service component command 
            concerned.
            (D) The extent, if any, to which reductions in military and 
        civilian end-strength in management or operational headquarters 
        could be used to create, build, or fill shortages in force 
        structure for operational units.
            (E) The extent, if any, to which revisions are required to 
        the Defense Officers Personnel Management Act, including 
        requirements for officers to serve in joint billets, the number 
        of qualifying billets, the rank structure in the joint billets, 
        and the joint qualification requirement for officers to be 
        promoted while serving for extensive periods in critical 
        positions such as program managers of major defense acquisition 
        programs, and officers in units of component forces supporting 
        joint commands, in order to achieve efficiencies, provide 
        promotion fairness and equity, and obtain effective governance 
        in the management of the Department of Defense.
            (F) The structure and staffing of the Joint Staff, and the 
        number, structure, and staffing of the combatant commands and 
        their subordinate service component commands, including, in 
        particular--
                (i) whether or not the staff organization of each such 
            entity has documented and periodically validated 
            requirements for such entity;
                (ii) whether or not there are an appropriate number of 
            combatant commands relative to the requirements of the 
            National Security Strategy, the Quadrennial Defense Review, 
            and the National Military Strategy; and
                (iii) whether or not opportunities exist to consolidate 
            staff functions and services common to the Joint Staff and 
            the service component commands into a single staff 
            organization that provides the required functions, 
            services, capabilities, and capacities to the Chairman of 
            the Joint Chiefs of Staff and supported combatant 
            commanders, and if so--

                    (I) where in the organizational structure such 
                staff functions, services, capabilities, and capacities 
                would be established; and
                    (II) whether or not the military departments could 
                execute such staff functions, services, capabilities, 
                and capacities while executing their requirements to 
                organize, train, and equip the Armed Forces.

            (G) The statutory and regulatory authority of the combatant 
        commands to establish subordinate joint commands or 
        headquarters, including joint task forces, led by a general or 
        flag officer, and the extent, if any, to which the combatant 
        commands have used such authority--
                (i) to establish temporary or permanent subordinate 
            joint commands or headquarters, including joint task 
            forces, led by general or flag officers;
                (ii) to disestablish temporary or permanent subordinate 
            joint commands or headquarters, including joint task 
            forces, led by general or flag officers;
                (iii) to increase requirements for general and flag 
            officers in the joint pool which are exempt from the end 
            strength limitations otherwise applicable to general and 
            flag officers in the Armed Forces;
                (iv) to participate in the management of joint officer 
            qualification in order to ensure the efficient and 
            effective quality and quantity of officers needed to staff 
            headquarters functions and services and return to the 
            services officers with required professional experience and 
            skills necessary to remain competitive for increased 
            responsibility and authority through subsequent assignment 
            or promotion, including by identifying--

                    (I) circumstances, if any, in which officers spend 
                a disproportionate amount of time in their careers to 
                attain joint officer qualifications with corresponding 
                loss of opportunities to develop in the service-
                specific assignments needed to gain the increased 
                proficiency and experience to qualify for service and 
                command assignments; and
                    (II) circumstances, if any, in which the military 
                departments detail officers to joint headquarters 
                staffs in order to maximize the number of officers 
                receiving joint duty credit with a focus on the 
                quantity, instead of the quality, of officers achieving 
                joint duty credit;

                (v) to establish commanders' strategic planning groups, 
            advisory groups, or similar parallel personal staff 
            entities that could risk isolating function and staff 
            processes, including an assessment of the justification 
            used to establish such personal staff organizations and 
            their impact on the effectiveness and efficiency of 
            organizational staff functions, services, capabilities, and 
            capacities; and
                (vi) to ensure the identification and management of 
            officers serving or having served in units in subordinate 
            service component or joint commands during combat 
            operations and did not receive joint credit for such 
            service.
        (3) Consultation.--The Secretary shall, to the extent 
    practicable and as the Secretary considers appropriate, conduct the 
    review required by paragraph (1) in consultation with such experts 
    on matters covered by the review who are independent of the 
    Department of Defense.
        (4) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting 
    forth the results of the review required by paragraph (1).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2016 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Report on force structure of the Army.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

    SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2016, as follows:
        (1) The Army, 475,000.
        (2) The Navy, 329,200.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 184,000.
        (4) The Air Force, 320,715.
    SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
      LEVELS.
    Section 691 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) 
    and inserting the following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) For the Army, 475,000.
        ``(2) For the Navy, 329,200.
        ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 184,000.
        ``(4) For the Air Force, 317,000.''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``0.5 percent'' and 
    inserting ``2 percent''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

    SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2016, as follows:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 342,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 198,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 57,400.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,900.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 105,500.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,200.
        (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
        (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve 
    as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on 
    active duty (other than for training) at the end of the fiscal 
    year; and
        (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
    organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
    component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
    unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent at 
    the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.
    SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2016, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,770.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 9,934.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,260.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 14,748.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,032.
    SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2016 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
        (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 26,099.
        (2) For the Army Reserve, 7,395.
        (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 22,104.
        (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 9,814.
    SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2016 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
      TECHNICIANS.
    (a) Limitations.--
        (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided in section 
    10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, the number of non-dual 
    status technicians employed by the National Guard as of September 
    30, 2016, may not exceed the following:
            (A) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        1,600.
            (B) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 350.
        (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status technicians 
    employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 2016, may not 
    exceed 595.
        (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
    technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 30, 
    2016, may not exceed 90.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.
    During fiscal year 2016, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2016.
    SEC. 422. REPORT ON FORCE STRUCTURE OF THE ARMY.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
Congress a report containing the following:
        (1) An assessment by the Secretary of Defense of reports by the 
    Secretary of the Army on the force structure of the Army submitted 
    to Congress under section 1066 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
    Stat. 1943) and section 1062 of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3503).
        (2) An evaluation of the adequacy of the Army force structure 
    proposed for the future-years defense program for fiscal years 2017 
    through 2021 to meet the goals of the national military strategy of 
    the United States.
        (3) An independent risk assessment by the Chairman of the Joint 
    Chiefs of Staff of the proposed Army force structure and the 
    ability of such force structure to meet the operational 
    requirements of combatant commanders.
        (4) A description of the planning assumptions and scenarios 
    used by the Department of Defense to validate the size and force 
    structure of the Army, including the Army Reserve and the Army 
    National Guard.
        (5) A certification by the Secretary of Defense that the 
    Secretary has reviewed the reports by the Secretary of the Army and 
    the assessments of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and 
    determined that an end strength for active duty personnel of the 
    Army below the end strength level authorized in section 401(1) of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
    Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3348) will be adequate to meet the national 
    military strategy of the United States.
        (6) A description of various alternative options for allocating 
    funds to ensure that the end strengths of the Army do not fall 
    below levels of significant risk, as determined pursuant to the 
    risk assessment conducted by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
    Staff under paragraph (3).
        (7) Such other information or updates as the Secretary of 
    Defense considers appropriate.
    (b) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Reinstatement of enhanced authority for selective early 
          discharge of warrant officers.
Sec. 502. Equitable treatment of junior officers excluded from an all-
          fully-qualified-officers list because of administrative error.
Sec. 503. Enhanced flexibility for determination of officers to continue 
          on active duty and for selective early retirement and early 
          discharge.
Sec. 504. Authority to defer until age 68 mandatory retirement for age 
          of a general or flag officer serving as Chief or Deputy Chief 
          of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, or Air Force.
Sec. 505. General rule for warrant officer retirement in highest grade 
          held satisfactorily.
Sec. 506. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendation on the 
          definition and availability of costs associated with general 
          and flag officers and their aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Continued service in the Ready Reserve by Members of Congress 
          who are also members of the Ready Reserve.
Sec. 512. Clarification of purpose of reserve component special 
          selection boards as limited to correction of error at a 
          mandatory promotion board.
Sec. 513. Increase in number of days of active duty required to be 
          performed by reserve component members for duty to be 
          considered Federal service for purposes of unemployment 
          compensation for ex-servicemembers.
Sec. 514. Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
          personnel to provide training and instruction regarding pilot 
          training.
Sec. 515. Assessment of Military Compensation and Retirement 
          Modernization Commission recommendation regarding 
          consolidation of authorities to order members of reserve 
          components to perform duty.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Limited authority for Secretary concerned to initiate 
          applications for correction of military records.
Sec. 522. Temporary authority to develop and provide additional 
          recruitment incentives.
Sec. 523. Expansion of authority to conduct pilot programs on career 
          flexibility to enhance retention of members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 524. Modification of notice and wait requirements for change in 
          ground combat exclusion policy for female members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 525. Role of Secretary of Defense in development of gender-neutral 
          occupational standards.
Sec. 526. Establishment of process by which members of the Armed Forces 
          may carry an appropriate firearm on a military installation.
Sec. 527. Establishment of breastfeeding policy for the Department of 
          the Army.
Sec. 528. Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the members of 
          the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

Sec. 531. Enforcement of certain crime victim rights by the Court of 
          Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 532. Department of Defense civilian employee access to Special 
          Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 533. Authority of Special Victims' Counsel to provide legal 
          consultation and assistance in connection with various 
          Government proceedings.
Sec. 534. Timely notification to victims of sex-related offenses of the 
          availability of assistance from Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 535. Additional improvements to Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 536. Enhancement of confidentiality of restricted reporting of 
          sexual assault in the military.
Sec. 537. Modification of deadline for establishment of Defense Advisory 
          Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual 
          Assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Improved Department of Defense prevention and response to 
          sexual assaults in which the victim is a male member of the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 539. Preventing retaliation against members of the Armed Forces who 
          report or intervene on behalf of the victim of an alleged sex-
          related offence.
Sec. 540. Sexual assault prevention and response training for 
          administrators and instructors of Senior Reserve Officers' 
          Training Corps.
Sec. 541. Retention of case notes in investigations of sex-related 
          offenses involving members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
          Marine Corps.
Sec. 542. Comptroller General of the United States reports on prevention 
          and response to sexual assault by the Army National Guard and 
          the Army Reserve.
Sec. 543. Improved implementation of changes to Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice.
Sec. 544. Modification of Rule 104 of the Rules for Courts-Martial to 
          establish certain prohibitions concerning evaluations of 
          Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 545. Modification of Rule 304 of the Military Rules of Evidence 
          relating to the corroboration of a confession or admission.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Enhancements to Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.
Sec. 552. Availability of preseparation counseling for members of the 
          Armed Forces discharged or released after limited active duty.
Sec. 553. Availability of additional training opportunities under 
          Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 554. Modification of requirement for in-resident instruction for 
          courses of instruction offered as part of Phase II joint 
          professional military education.
Sec. 555. Termination of program of educational assistance for reserve 
          component members supporting contingency operations and other 
          operations.
Sec. 556. Appointments to military service academies from nominations 
          made by Delegates in Congress from the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
          American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
          Islands.
Sec. 557. Support for athletic programs of the United States Military 
          Academy.
Sec. 558. Condition on admission of defense industry civilians to attend 
          the United States Air Force Institute of Technology.
Sec. 559. Quality assurance of certification programs and standards for 
          professional credentials obtained by members of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 560. Prohibition on receipt of unemployment insurance while 
          receiving post-9/11 education assistance.
Sec. 561. Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee.
Sec. 562. Recognition of additional involuntary mobilization duty 
          authorities exempt from five-year limit on reemployment rights 
          of persons who serve in the uniformed services.
Sec. 563. Expansion of outreach for veterans transitioning from serving 
          on active duty.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
          that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
          Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 573. Authority to use appropriated funds to support Department of 
          Defense student meal programs in domestic dependent elementary 
          and secondary schools located outside the United States.
Sec. 574. Family support programs for immediate family members of 
          members of the Armed Forces assigned to special operations 
          forces.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Authorization for award of the Distinguished-Service Cross for 
          acts of extraordinary heroism during the Korean War.

           Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Coordination with non-government suicide prevention 
          organizations and agencies to assist in reducing suicides by 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 592. Extension of semiannual reports on the involuntary separation 
          of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 593. Report on preliminary mental health screenings for individuals 
          becoming members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 594. Report regarding new rulemaking under the Military Lending Act 
          and Defense Manpower Data Center reports and meetings.
Sec. 595. Remotely piloted aircraft career field manning shortfalls.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

    SEC. 501. REINSTATEMENT OF ENHANCED AUTHORITY FOR SELECTIVE EARLY 
      DISCHARGE OF WARRANT OFFICERS.
    Section 580a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``November 30, 1993, and 
    ending on October 1, 1999'' and inserting ``October 1, 2015, and 
    ending on October 1, 2019''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively.
    SEC. 502. EQUITABLE TREATMENT OF JUNIOR OFFICERS EXCLUDED FROM AN 
      ALL-FULLY-QUALIFIED-OFFICERS LIST BECAUSE OF ADMINISTRATIVE 
      ERROR.
    (a) Officers on Active-duty List.--Section 624(a)(3) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
    ``(E) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that one or more officers or former officers were not placed 
on an all-fully-qualified-list under this paragraph because of 
administrative error, the Secretary may prepare a supplemental all-
fully-qualified-officers list containing the names of any such officers 
for approval in accordance with this paragraph.''.
    (b) Officers on Reserve Active-Status List.--Section 14308(b)(4) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subparagraph:
    ``(E) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that one or more officers or former officers were not placed 
on an all-fully-qualified-list under this paragraph because of 
administrative error, the Secretary may prepare a supplemental all-
fully-qualified-officers list containing the names of any such officers 
for approval in accordance with this paragraph.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments to Special Selection Board Authority.--
        (1) Regular components.--Section 628(a)(1) of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by striking ``or the name of a person that 
    should have been placed on an all-fully-qualified-officers list 
    under section 624(a)(3) of this title was not so placed,''.
        (2) Reserve components.--Section 14502(a)(1) of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by striking ``or whose name was not 
    placed on an all-fully-qualified-officers list under section 
    14308(b)(4) of this title because of administrative error,''.
    SEC. 503. ENHANCED FLEXIBILITY FOR DETERMINATION OF OFFICERS TO 
      CONTINUE ON ACTIVE DUTY AND FOR SELECTIVE EARLY RETIREMENT AND 
      EARLY DISCHARGE.
    Section 638a(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``officers considered--'' and all that follows and inserting 
``officers considered.''.
    SEC. 504. AUTHORITY TO DEFER UNTIL AGE 68 MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR 
      AGE OF A GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER SERVING AS CHIEF OR DEPUTY CHIEF 
      OF CHAPLAINS OF THE ARMY, NAVY, OR AIR FORCE.
    (a) Deferral Authority.-- Section 1253 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Deferred Retirement of Chaplains.--(1) The Secretary of the 
military department concerned may defer the retirement under subsection 
(a) of an officer serving in a general or flag officer grade who is the 
Chief of Chaplains or Deputy Chief of Chaplains of that officer's armed 
force.
    ``(2) A deferment of the retirement of an officer referred to in 
paragraph (1) may not extend beyond the first day of the month 
following the month in which the officer becomes 68 years of age.
    ``(3) The authority to defer the retirement of an officer referred 
to in paragraph (1) expires December 31, 2020. Subject to paragraph 
(2), a deferment granted before that date may continue on and after 
that date.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 1253 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag 
    officer grades; exceptions''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 63 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 1253 and inserting the 
    following new item:

``1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag 
          officer grades; exceptions.''.
    SEC. 505. GENERAL RULE FOR WARRANT OFFICER RETIREMENT IN HIGHEST 
      GRADE HELD SATISFACTORILY.
    Section 1371 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 1371. Warrant officers: general rule
    ``Unless entitled to a higher retired grade under some other 
provision of law, a warrant officer shall be retired in the highest 
regular or reserve warrant officer grade in which the warrant officer 
served satisfactorily, as determined by the Secretary concerned.''.
    SEC. 506. IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL RECOMMENDATION ON 
      THE DEFINITION AND AVAILABILITY OF COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH GENERAL 
      AND FLAG OFFICERS AND THEIR AIDES.
    (a) Definition of Costs.--
        (1) In general.--For the purpose of providing a consistent 
    approach to estimating and managing the full costs associated with 
    general and flag officers and their aides, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall direct the Director, Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, 
    to define the costs that could be associated with general and flag 
    officers since 2001, including--
            (A) security details;
            (B) Government and commercial air travel;
            (C) general and flag officer per diem;
            (D) enlisted and officer aide housing and travel costs;
            (E) general and flag officer additional support staff and 
        their travel, equipment, and per diem costs;
            (F) general and flag officer official residences; and
            (G) any other associated costs incurred due to the nature 
        of their position.
        (2) Coordination.--The Director, Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation, shall prepare the definition of costs under paragraph 
    (1) in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Personnel and Readiness and the Secretaries of the military 
    departments.
    (b) Report On Costs Associated With General And Flag Officers and 
Aides.--Not later than June 30, 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report describing the costs associated with 
general and flag officers and their enlisted and officer aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

    SEC. 511. CONTINUED SERVICE IN THE READY RESERVE BY MEMBERS OF 
      CONGRESS WHO ARE ALSO MEMBERS OF THE READY RESERVE.
    Section 10149 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(b)(1) In applying Ready Reserve continuous screening under this 
section, an individual who is both a member of the Ready Reserve and a 
Member of Congress may not be transferred to the Standby Reserve or 
discharged on account of the individual's position as a Member of 
Congress.
    ``(2) The transfer or discharge of an individual who is both a 
member of the Ready Reserve and a Member of Congress may be ordered--
        ``(A) only by the Secretary of Defense or, in the case of a 
    Member of Congress who also is a member of the Coast Guard Reserve, 
    the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
    operating when it is not operating as a service in the Navy; and
        ``(B) only on the basis of the needs of the service, taking 
    into consideration the position and duties of the individual in the 
    Ready Reserve.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `Member of Congress' includes a 
Delegate or Resident Commissioner to Congress and a Member-elect.''.
    SEC. 512. CLARIFICATION OF PURPOSE OF RESERVE COMPONENT SPECIAL 
      SELECTION BOARDS AS LIMITED TO CORRECTION OF ERROR AT A MANDATORY 
      PROMOTION BOARD.
    Section 14502(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``a selection board'' and inserting ``a mandatory promotion 
        board convened under section 14101(a) of this title''; and
            (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by striking ``selection 
        board'' and inserting ``mandatory promotion board''; and
        (2) in the first sentence of paragraph (3)--
            (A) by striking ``Such board'' and inserting ``The special 
        selection board''; and
            (B) by striking ``selection board'' and inserting 
        ``mandatory promotion board''.
    SEC. 513. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DAYS OF ACTIVE DUTY REQUIRED TO BE 
      PERFORMED BY RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR DUTY TO BE CONSIDERED 
      FEDERAL SERVICE FOR PURPOSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR EX-
      SERVICEMEMBERS.
    (a) Increase of Number of Days.--Section 8521(a)(1) of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``90 days'' in the matter 
preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting ``180 days''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
with respect to periods of Federal service commencing on or after that 
date.
    SEC. 514. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO USE AIR FORCE RESERVE COMPONENT 
      PERSONNEL TO PROVIDE TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION REGARDING PILOT 
      TRAINING.
    (a) Authority.--
        (1) In general.--During fiscal year 2016, the Secretary of the 
    Air Force may authorize personnel described in paragraph (2) to 
    provide training and instruction regarding pilot training to the 
    following:
            (A) Members of the Armed Forces on active duty.
            (B) Members of foreign military forces who are in the 
        United States.
        (2) Personnel.--The personnel described in this paragraph are 
    the following:
            (A) Members of the reserve components of the Air Force on 
        active Guard and Reserve duty (as that term is defined in 
        section 101(d) of title 10, United States Code) who are not 
        otherwise authorized to conduct the training described in 
        paragraph (1) due to the limitations in section 12310 of title 
        10, United States Code.
            (B) Members of the Air Force who are military technicians 
        (dual status) who are not otherwise authorized to conduct the 
        training described in paragraph (1) due to the limitations in 
        section 10216 of title 10, United States Code, and section 
        709(a) of title 32, United States Code.
        (3) Limitation.--Not more than 50 members described in 
    paragraph (2) may provide training and instruction under the 
    authority in paragraph (1) at any one time.
        (4) Federal tort claims act.--Members of the uniformed services 
    described in paragraph (2) who provide training and instruction 
    pursuant to the authority in paragraph (1) shall be covered by the 
    Federal Tort Claims Act for purposes of any claim arising from the 
    employment of such individuals under that authority.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth a plan to eliminate shortages in 
the number of pilot instructors within the Air Force using authorities 
available to the Secretary under current law.
    SEC. 515. ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT 
      MODERNIZATION COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION REGARDING CONSOLIDATION 
      OF AUTHORITIES TO ORDER MEMBERS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS TO PERFORM 
      DUTY.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the recommendation of the Military Compensation and 
Retirement Modernization Commission regarding consolidation of 
statutory authorities by which members of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces may be ordered to perform duty. The Secretary shall 
specifically assess each of the six broader duty statuses recommended 
by the Commission as replacements for the 30 reserve component duty 
statuses currently authorized to determine whether consolidation will 
increase efficiency in the reserve components.
    (b) Submission of Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing the results of the Secretary's 
assessment. If, as a result of the assessment, the Secretary determines 
that an alternate approach to consolidation of the statutory 
authorities described in subsection (a) is preferable, the Secretary 
shall submit the alternate approach, including a draft of such 
legislation as would be necessary to amend titles 10, 14, 32, and 37 of 
the United States Code and other provisions of law in order to 
implement the Secretary's approach by October 1, 2018.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

    SEC. 521. LIMITED AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY CONCERNED TO INITIATE 
      APPLICATIONS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS.
    Section 1552(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the first sentence--
            (A) by striking ``or his heir or legal representative'' and 
        inserting ``(or the claimant's heir or legal representative) or 
        the Secretary concerned''; and
            (B) by striking ``he discovers'' and inserting 
        ``discovering''; and
        (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``However, a board'' 
    and inserting the following: ``The Secretary concerned may file a 
    request for correction of a military record only if the request is 
    made on behalf of a group of members or former members of the armed 
    forces who were similarly harmed by the same error or injustice. A 
    board''.
    SEC. 522. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO DEVELOP AND PROVIDE ADDITIONAL 
      RECRUITMENT INCENTIVES.
    (a) Additional Recruitment Incentives Authorized.--The Secretary of 
a military department may develop and provide incentives, not otherwise 
authorized by law, to encourage individuals to accept an appointment as 
a commissioned officer, to accept an appointment as a warrant officer, 
or to enlist in an Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    (b) Relation to Other Personnel Authorities.--A recruitment 
incentive developed under subsection (a) may be provided--
        (1) without regard to the lack of specific authority for the 
    recruitment incentive under title 10 or 37, United States Code; and
        (2) notwithstanding any provision of such titles, or any rule 
    or regulation prescribed under such provision, relating to methods 
    of providing incentives to individuals to accept appointments or 
    enlistments in the Armed Forces, including the provision of group 
    or individual bonuses, pay, or other incentives.
    (c) Notice and Wait Requirement.--The Secretary of a military 
department may not provide a recruitment incentive developed under 
subsection (a) until--
        (1) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
    committees a plan regarding provision of the recruitment incentive, 
    which includes--
            (A) a description of the incentive, including the purpose 
        of the incentive and the potential recruits to be addressed by 
        the incentive;
            (B) a description of the provisions of titles 10 and 37, 
        United States Code, from which the incentive would require a 
        waiver and the rationale to support the waiver;
            (C) a statement of the anticipated outcomes as a result of 
        providing the incentive; and
            (D) a description of the method to be used to evaluate the 
        effectiveness of the incentive; and
        (2) the expiration of the 30-day period beginning on the date 
    on which the plan was received by Congress.
    (d) Limitation on Number of Incentives.--The Secretary of a 
military department may not provide more than three recruitment 
incentives under the authority of this section.
    (e) Limitation on Number of Individuals Receiving Incentives.--The 
number of individuals who receive one or more of the recruitment 
incentives provided under subsection (a) by the Secretary of a military 
department during a fiscal year for an Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary may not exceed 20 percent of the 
accession objective of that Armed Force for that fiscal year.
    (f) Duration of Developed Incentive.--A recruitment incentive 
developed under subsection (a) may be provided for not longer than a 
three-year period beginning on the date on which the incentive is first 
provided, except that the Secretary of the military department 
concerned may extend the period if the Secretary determines that 
additional time is needed to fully evaluate the effectiveness of the 
incentive.
    (g) Reporting Requirements.--If the Secretary of a military 
department provides an recruitment incentive under subsection (a) for a 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report, not later than 60 days after the end of the fiscal 
year, containing--
        (1) a description of each incentive provided under subsection 
    (a) during that fiscal year; and
        (2) an assessment of the impact of the incentives on the 
    recruitment of individuals for an Armed Force under the 
    jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    (h) Termination of Authority to Provide Incentives.--
Notwithstanding subsection (f); the authority to provide recruitment 
incentives under this section expires on December 31, 2020.
    SEC. 523. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT PILOT PROGRAMS ON 
      CAREER FLEXIBILITY TO ENHANCE RETENTION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    (a) Repeal of Limitation on Eligible Participants.--Subsection (b) 
of section 533 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is 
repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Limitation on Number of Participants.--Subsection (c) 
of section 533 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is 
repealed.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 533 of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 
110-417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (d) through (m) as subsections 
    (b) through (k), respectively; and
        (2) in subsections (b)(1), (d), and (f)(3)(D) (as so 
    redesignated), by striking ``subsection (e)'' each place it appears 
    and inserting ``subsection (c)''.
    SEC. 524. MODIFICATION OF NOTICE AND WAIT REQUIREMENTS FOR CHANGE 
      IN GROUND COMBAT EXCLUSION POLICY FOR FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    (a) Rule for Ground Combat Personnel Policy.--Section 652(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``before any such 
        change is implemented'' and inserting ``not less than 30 
        calendar days before such change is implemented''; and
            (B) by striking the second sentence; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (5).
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 652(b)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``calendar'' before ``days''.
    SEC. 525. ROLE OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IN DEVELOPMENT OF GENDER-
      NEUTRAL OCCUPATIONAL STANDARDS.
    Section 524(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3361; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (1);
        (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) measure the combat readiness of combat units, including 
    special operations forces.''.
    SEC. 526. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCESS BY WHICH MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES MAY CARRY AN APPROPRIATE FIREARM ON A MILITARY 
      INSTALLATION.
    Not later than December 31, 2015, the Secretary of Defense, taking 
into consideration the views of senior leadership of military 
installations in the United States, shall establish and implement a 
process by which the commanders of military installations in the United 
States, or other military commanders designated by the Secretary of 
Defense for military reserve centers, Armed Services recruiting 
centers, and such other defense facilities as the Secretary may 
prescribe, may authorize a member of the Armed Forces who is assigned 
to duty at the installation, center or facility to carry an appropriate 
firearm on the installation, center, or facility if the commander 
determines that carrying such a firearm is necessary as a personal- or 
force-protection measure.
    SEC. 527. ESTABLISHMENT OF BREASTFEEDING POLICY FOR THE DEPARTMENT 
      OF THE ARMY.
    The Secretary of the Army shall develop a comprehensive policy 
regarding breastfeeding by female members of the Army who are 
breastfeeding. At a minimum, the policy shall address the following:
        (1) The provision of a designated room or area that will 
    provide the member with adequate privacy and cleanliness and that 
    includes an electrical outlet to facilitate the use of a breast 
    pump. Restrooms should not be considered an appropriate location.
        (2) An allowance for appropriate breaks, when practicable, to 
    permit the member to breastfeed or utilize a breast pump.
    SEC. 528. SENSE OF CONGRESS RECOGNIZING THE DIVERSITY OF THE 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
        (1) The United States military includes individuals with a 
    variety of national, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds that have 
    roots all over the world.
        (2) In addition to diverse backgrounds, members of the Armed 
    Forces come from numerous religious traditions, including 
    Christian, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, non-denominational, non-
    practicing, and many more.
        (3) Members of the Armed Forces from diverse backgrounds and 
    religious traditions have lost their lives or been injured 
    defending the national security of the United States.
        (4) Diversity contributes to the strength of the Armed Forces, 
    and service members from different backgrounds and religious 
    traditions share the same goal of defending the United States.
        (5) The unity of the Armed Forces reflects the strength in 
    diversity that makes the United States a great nation.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States should--
        (1) continue to recognize and promote diversity in the Armed 
    Forces; and
        (2) honor those from all diverse backgrounds and religious 
    traditions who have made sacrifices in serving the United States 
    through the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

    SEC. 531. ENFORCEMENT OF CERTAIN CRIME VICTIM RIGHTS BY THE COURT 
      OF CRIMINAL APPEALS.
    Subsection (e) of section 806b of title 10, United States Code 
(article 6b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(e) Enforcement by Court of Criminal Appeals.--(1) If the victim 
of an offense under this chapter believes that a preliminary hearing 
ruling under section 832 of this title (article 32) or a court-martial 
ruling violates the rights of the victim afforded by a section 
(article) or rule specified in paragraph (4), the victim may petition 
the Court of Criminal Appeals for a writ of mandamus to require the 
preliminary hearing officer or the court-martial to comply with the 
section (article) or rule.
    ``(2) If the victim of an offense under this chapter is subject to 
an order to submit to a deposition, notwithstanding the availability of 
the victim to testify at the court-martial trying the accused for the 
offense, the victim may petition the Court of Criminal Appeals for a 
writ of mandamus to quash such order.
    ``(3) A petition for a writ of mandamus described in this 
subsection shall be forwarded directly to the Court of Criminal 
Appeals, by such means as may be prescribed by the President, and, to 
the extent practicable, shall have priority over all other proceedings 
before the court.
    ``(4) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to the protections 
afforded by the following:
        ``(A) This section (article).
        ``(B) Section 832 (article 32) of this title.
        ``(C) Military Rule of Evidence 412, relating to the admission 
    of evidence regarding a victim's sexual background.
        ``(D) Military Rule of Evidence 513, relating to the 
    psychotherapist-patient privilege.
        ``(E) Military Rule of Evidence 514, relating to the victim 
    advocate-victim privilege.
        ``(F) Military Rule of Evidence 615, relating to the exclusion 
    of witnesses.''.
    SEC. 532. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEE ACCESS TO SPECIAL 
      VICTIMS' COUNSEL.
    Section 1044e(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding the following new subparagraph:
        ``(C) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense who is 
    not eligible for military legal assistance under section 1044(a)(7) 
    of this title, but who is the victim of an alleged sex-related 
    offense, and the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the 
    military department concerned waives the condition in such section 
    for the purposes of offering Special Victims' Counsel services to 
    the employee.''.
    SEC. 533. AUTHORITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TO PROVIDE LEGAL 
      CONSULTATION AND ASSISTANCE IN CONNECTION WITH VARIOUS GOVERNMENT 
      PROCEEDINGS.
    Section 1044e(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following new 
    paragraph (9):
        ``(9) Legal consultation and assistance in connection with--
            ``(A) any complaint against the Government, including an 
        allegation under review by an inspector general and a complaint 
        regarding equal employment opportunities;
            ``(B) any request to the Government for information, 
        including a request under section 552a of title 5 (commonly 
        referred to as a `Freedom of Information Act request'); and
            ``(C) any correspondence or other communications with 
        Congress.''.
    SEC. 534. TIMELY NOTIFICATION TO VICTIMS OF SEX-RELATED OFFENSES OF 
      THE AVAILABILITY OF ASSISTANCE FROM SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL.
    (a) Timely Notice Described.--Section 1044e(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph (2):
    ``(2) Subject to such exceptions for exigent circumstances as the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating may prescribe, notice of the availability of a 
Special Victims' Counsel shall be provided to an individual described 
in subsection (a)(2) before any military criminal investigator or trial 
counsel interviews, or requests any statement from, the individual 
regarding the alleged sex-related offense.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment to Related Legal Assistance Authority.--
Section 1565b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph (3):
    ``(3) Subject to such exceptions for exigent circumstances as the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating may prescribe, notice of the availability of a 
Special Victims' Counsel under section 1044e of this title shall be 
provided to a member of the armed forces or dependent who is the victim 
of sexual assault before any military criminal investigator or trial 
counsel interviews, or requests any statement from, the member or 
dependent regarding the alleged sexual assault.''.
    SEC. 535. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS TO SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Training Time Period and Requirements.--Section 1044e(d) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``An individual'';
        (2) by designating existing paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
    subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(A) develop a policy to standardize the time period within 
    which a Special Victims' Counsel receives training; and
        ``(B) establish the baseline training requirements for a 
    Special Victims' Counsel.''.
    (b) Improved Administrative Responsibility.--Section 1044e(e) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense, in collaboration with the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of the 
Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall establish--
        ``(A) guiding principles for the Special Victims' Counsel 
    program, to include ensuring that--
            ``(i) Special Victims' Counsel are assigned to locations 
        that maximize the opportunity for face-to-face communication 
        between counsel and clients; and
            ``(ii) effective means of communication are available to 
        permit counsel and client interactions when face-to-face 
        communication is not feasible;
        ``(B) performance measures and standards to measure the 
    effectiveness of the Special Victims' Counsel program and client 
    satisfaction with the program; and
        ``(C) processes by which the Secretaries of the military 
    departments and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
    Guard is operating will evaluate and monitor the Special Victims' 
    Counsel program using such guiding principles and performance 
    measures and standards.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendment Regarding Qualifications.--Section 
1044(d)(2) of chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code is amended by 
striking ``meets the additional qualifications specified in subsection 
(d)(2)'' and inserting ``satisfies the additional qualifications and 
training requirements specified in subsection (d)''.
    SEC. 536. ENHANCEMENT OF CONFIDENTIALITY OF RESTRICTED REPORTING OF 
      SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE MILITARY.
    (a) Preemption of State Law To Ensure Confidentiality of 
Reporting.--Section 1565b(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of information disclosed pursuant to paragraph 
(1), any State law or regulation that would require an individual 
specified in paragraph (2) to disclose the personally identifiable 
information of the adult victim or alleged perpetrator of the sexual 
assault to a State or local law enforcement agency shall not apply, 
except when reporting is necessary to prevent or mitigate a serious and 
imminent threat to the health or safety of an individual.''.
    (b) Clarification of Scope.--Section 1565b(b)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``a dependent'' and 
inserting ``an adult dependent''.
    (c) Definitions.--Section 1565b of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Sexual assault.--The term `sexual assault' includes the 
    offenses of rape, sexual assault, forcible sodomy, aggravated 
    sexual contact, abusive sexual contact, and attempts to commit such 
    offenses, as punishable under applicable Federal or State law.
        ``(2) State.--The term `State' includes the District of 
    Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the 
    Northern Mariana Islands, and any territory or possession of the 
    United States.''.
    SEC. 537. MODIFICATION OF DEADLINE FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF DEFENSE 
      ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
      SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 546(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3374; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by striking 
``not later than'' and all that follows and inserting ``not later than 
90 days after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.''.
    SEC. 538. IMPROVED DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TO 
      SEXUAL ASSAULTS IN WHICH THE VICTIM IS A MALE MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    (a) Plan to Improve Prevention and Response.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in collaboration with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall develop a plan to improve Department of Defense 
prevention and response to sexual assaults in which the victim is a 
male member of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) Sexual assault prevention and response training to more 
    comprehensively and directly address the incidence of male members 
    of the Armed Forces who are sexually assaulted and how certain 
    behavior and activities, such as hazing, can constitute a sexual 
    assault.
        (2) Methods to evaluate the extent to which differences exist 
    in the medical and mental health-care needs of male and female 
    sexual assault victims, and the care regimen, if any, that will 
    best meet those needs.
        (3) Data-driven decision making to improve male-victim sexual 
    assault prevention and response program efforts.
        (4) Goals with associated metrics to drive the changes needed 
    to address sexual assaults of male members of the Armed Forces.
        (5) Information about the sexual victimization of males in 
    communications to members that are used to raise awareness of 
    sexual assault and efforts to prevent and respond to it.
        (6) Guidance for the department's medical and mental health 
    providers, and other personnel as appropriate, based on the results 
    of the evaluation described in paragraph (2), that delineates these 
    gender-specific distinctions and the care regimen that is 
    recommended to most effectively meet those needs.
    SEC. 539. PREVENTING RETALIATION AGAINST MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES WHO REPORT OR INTERVENE ON BEHALF OF THE VICTIM OF AN 
      ALLEGED SEX-RELATED OFFENCE.
    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
comprehensive strategy to prevent retaliation carried out by members of 
the Armed Forces against other members who report or otherwise 
intervene on behalf of the victim of an alleged sex-related offence.
    (b) Elements.--The comprehensive strategy required by subsection 
(a) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) Bystander intervention programs emphasizing the importance 
    of guarding against retaliation.
        (2) Department of Defense and military department policies and 
    requirements to ensure protection for victims of alleged sex-
    related offences and members who intervene on behalf of victims 
    from retaliation.
        (3) Additional training for commanders on methods and 
    procedures to combat attitudes and beliefs that result in 
    retaliation.
    (c) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
        (1) The term ``alleged sex-related offence'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 1044e(g) of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (2) The term ``retaliation'' has such meaning as may be given 
    that term by the Secretary of Defense in the development of the 
    strategy required by subsection (a).
    SEC. 540. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TRAINING FOR 
      ADMINISTRATORS AND INSTRUCTORS OF SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' 
      TRAINING CORPS.
    The Secretary of a military department shall ensure that the 
commander of each unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
and all Professors of Military Science, senior military instructors, 
and civilian employees detailed, assigned, or employed as 
administrators and instructors of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps receive regular sexual assault prevention and response training 
and education.
    SEC. 541. RETENTION OF CASE NOTES IN INVESTIGATIONS OF SEX-RELATED 
      OFFENSES INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMY, NAVY, AIR FORCE, OR 
      MARINE CORPS.
    (a) Retention of All Investigative Records Required.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall update Department of Defense records 
retention policies to ensure that, for all investigations relating to 
an alleged sex-related offense (as defined in section 1044e(g) of title 
10, United States Code) involving a member of the Army, Navy, Air 
Force, or Marine Corps, all elements of the case file shall be retained 
as part of the investigative records retained in accordance with 
section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note).
    (b) Elements.--In updating records retention policies as required 
by subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall address, at a 
minimum, the following matters:
        (1) The elements of the case file to be retained must include, 
    at a minimum, the case activity record, case review record, 
    investigative plans, and all case notes made by an investigating 
    agent or agents.
        (2) All investigative records must be retained for no less than 
    50 years.
        (3) No element of the case file may be destroyed until the 
    expiration of the time that investigative records must be kept.
        (4) Records may be stored digitally or in hard copy, in 
    accordance with existing law or regulations or additionally 
    prescribed policy considered necessary by the Secretary of the 
    military department concerned.
    (c) Consistent Education and Policy.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that existing policy, education, and training are updated 
to reflect policy changes in accordance with subsection (a).
    (d) Uniform Application to Military Departments.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
policy developed under subsections (a) is implemented uniformly by the 
military departments.
    SEC. 542. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORTS ON 
      PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TO SEXUAL ASSAULT BY THE ARMY NATIONAL 
      GUARD AND THE ARMY RESERVE.
    (a) Initial Report.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report on the 
preliminary assessment of the Comptroller General (made pursuant to a 
review conducted by the Comptroller General for purposes of this 
section) of the extent to which the Army National Guard and the Army 
Reserve--
        (1) have in place policies and programs to prevent and respond 
    to incidents of sexual assault involving members of the Army 
    National Guard or the Army Reserve, as applicable;
        (2) provide medical and mental health care services to members 
    of the Army National Guard or the Army Reserve, as applicable, 
    following a sexual assault; and
        (3) have identified whether the nature of service in the Army 
    National Guard or the Army Reserve, as the case may be, poses 
    challenges to the prevention of or response to sexual assault.
    (b) Additional Reports.--If after submitting the report required by 
subsection (a) the Comptroller General makes additional assessments as 
a result of the review described in that subsection, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to Congress such reports on such additional 
assessments as the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
    SEC. 543. IMPROVED IMPLEMENTATION OF CHANGES TO UNIFORM CODE OF 
      MILITARY JUSTICE.
    The Secretary of Defense shall examine the Department of Defense 
process for implementing statutory changes to the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice for the purpose of developing options for streamlining 
such process. The Secretary shall adopt procedures to ensure that legal 
guidance is published as soon as practicable whenever statutory changes 
to the Uniform Code of Military Justice are implemented.
    SEC. 544. MODIFICATION OF RULE 104 OF THE RULES FOR COURTS-MARTIAL 
      TO ESTABLISH CERTAIN PROHIBITIONS CONCERNING EVALUATIONS OF 
      SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, Rule 104(b) of the Rules for Courts-Martial shall be modified to 
provide that the prohibitions concerning evaluations established by 
that Rule shall apply to the giving of a less favorable rating or 
evaluation to any member of the Armed Forces serving as a Special 
Victims' Counsel because of the zeal with which such counsel 
represented a victim.
    SEC. 545. MODIFICATION OF RULE 304 OF THE MILITARY RULES OF 
      EVIDENCE RELATING TO THE CORROBORATION OF A CONFESSION OR 
      ADMISSION.
    To the extent the President considers practicable, the President 
shall modify Rule 304(c) of the Military Rules of Evidence to conform 
to the rules governing the admissibility of the corroboration of 
admissions and confessions in the trial of criminal cases in the United 
States district courts.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

    SEC. 551. ENHANCEMENTS TO YELLOW RIBBON REINTEGRATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Scope and Purpose.--Section 582(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 
10101 note) is amended by striking ``combat veteran''.
    (b) Eligibility.--
        (1) Definition.--Section 582 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 
    U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by adding at the end the following 
    new subsection:
    ``(l) Eligible Individuals Defined.--For the purposes of this 
section, the term `eligible individual' means a member of a reserve 
component, a member of their family, or a designated representative who 
the Secretary of Defense determines to be eligible for the Yellow 
Ribbon Reintegration Program.''.
        (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 582 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 
    U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``National Guard and 
        Reserve members and their families'' and inserting ``eligible 
        individuals'';
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``members of the reserve 
        components of the Armed Forces, their families,'' and inserting 
        ``eligible individuals'';
            (C) in subsection (d)(2)(C), by striking ``members of the 
        Armed Forces and their families'' and inserting ``eligible 
        individuals'';
            (D) in subsection (h), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                (i) by striking ``members of the Armed Forces and their 
            family members'' and inserting ``eligible individuals''; 
            and
                (ii) by striking ``such members and their family 
            members'' and inserting ``such eligible individuals'';
            (E) in subsection (j), by striking ``members of the Armed 
        Forces and their families'' and inserting ``eligible 
        individuals''; and
            (F) in subsection (k), by striking ``individual members of 
        the Armed Forces and their families'' and inserting ``eligible 
        individuals''.
    (c) Office for Reintegration Programs.--Section 582(d) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (1)(B), by striking ``substance abuse and 
    mental health treatment services'' and inserting ``substance abuse, 
    mental health treatment, and other quality of life services''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) Grants.--The Office for Reintegration Programs may make 
    grants to conduct data collection, trend analysis, and curriculum 
    development and to prepare reports in support of activities under 
    this section.''.
    (d) Operation of Program.--
        (1) Enhanced flexibility.--Subsection (g) of section 582 of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
    110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Operation of Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Office for Reintegration Programs shall 
    assist State National Guard and Reserve organizations with the 
    development and provision of information, events, and activities to 
    support the health and well-being of eligible individuals before, 
    during, and after periods of activation, mobilization, or 
    deployment.
        ``(2) Focus of information, events, and activities.--
            ``(A) Before activation, mobilization, or deployment.--
        Before a period of activation, mobilization, or deployment, the 
        information, events, and activities described in paragraph (1) 
        should focus on preparing eligible individuals and affected 
        communities for the rigors of activation, mobilization, and 
        deployment.
            ``(B) During activation, mobilization, or deployment.--
        During such a period, the information, events, and activities 
        described in paragraph (1) should focus on--
                ``(i) helping eligible individuals cope with the 
            challenges and stress associated with such period;
                ``(ii) decreasing the isolation of eligible individuals 
            during such period; and
                ``(iii) preparing eligible individuals for the 
            challenges associated with reintegration.
            ``(C) After activation, mobilization, or deployment.--After 
        such a period, but no earlier than 30 days after 
        demobilization, the information, events, and activities 
        described in paragraph (1) should focus on--
                ``(i) reconnecting the member with their families, 
            friends, and communities;
                ``(ii) providing information on employment 
            opportunities;
                ``(iii) helping eligible individuals deal with the 
            challenges of reintegration;
                ``(iv) ensuring that eligible individuals understand 
            what benefits they are entitled to and what resources are 
            available to help them overcome the challenges of 
            reintegration; and
                ``(v) providing a forum for addressing negative 
            behaviors related to operational stress and reintegration.
        ``(3) Member pay.--Members shall receive appropriate pay for 
    days spent attending such events and activities.
        ``(4) Minimum number of events and activities.--The State 
    National Guard and Reserve Organizations shall provide to eligible 
    individuals--
            ``(A) one event or activity before a period of activation, 
        mobilization, or deployment;
            ``(B) one event or activity during a period of activation, 
        mobilization, or deployment; and
            ``(C) two events or activities after a period of 
        activation, mobilization, or deployment.''.
        (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 582 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 
    U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``throughout the entire 
        deployment cycle'';
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) by striking ``well-being through the 4 phases'' 
            through the end of the subsection and inserting ``well-
            being.'';
                (ii) in the heading, by striking ``; Deployment 
            Cycle'';
            (C) in subsection (d)(2)(C), by striking ``throughout the 
        deployment cycle described in subsection (g)''; and
            (D) in the heading of subsection (f), by striking ``State 
        Deployment Cycle''.
    (e) Additional Permitted Outreach Service.--Section 582(h) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
        ``(16) Stress management and positive coping skills.''.
    (f) Support of Department-wide Suicide Prevention Efforts.--Section 
582 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
(Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by inserting 
after subsection (h) the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Support of Suicide Prevention Efforts.--The Office for 
Reintegration Programs shall assist the Defense Suicide Prevention 
Office and the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health 
and Traumatic Brain Injury to collect and analyze information, 
suggestions, and best practices from State National Guard and Reserve 
organizations with suicide prevention and community response 
programs.''.
    (g) Name Change.--Section 582(d)(1)(B) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 
10101 note) is amended by striking ``Substance Abuse and the Mental 
Health Services Administration'' and inserting ``Substance Abuse and 
Mental Health Services Administration''.
    SEC. 552. AVAILABILITY OF PRESEPARATION COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF 
      THE ARMED FORCES DISCHARGED OR RELEASED AFTER LIMITED ACTIVE 
      DUTY.
    Section 1142(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``that member's first 180 
    days of active duty'' and inserting ``the first 180 continuous days 
    of active duty of the member''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) For purposes of calculating the days of active duty of a 
member under subparagraph (A), the Secretary concerned shall exclude 
any day on which--
        ``(i) the member performed full-time training duty or annual 
    training duty; and
        ``(ii) the member attended, while in the active military 
    service, a school designated as a service school by law or by the 
    Secretary concerned.''.
    SEC. 553. AVAILABILITY OF ADDITIONAL TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES UNDER 
      TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Additional Training Opportunities.--(1) As part of the 
program carried out under this section, the Secretary of Defense and 
the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, 
when the Coast Guard is not operating within the Department of the 
Navy, shall permit a member of the armed forces eligible for assistance 
under the program to elect to receive additional training in any of the 
following subjects:
        ``(A) Preparation for higher education or training.
        ``(B) Preparation for career or technical training.
        ``(C) Preparation for entrepreneurship.
        ``(D) Other training options determined by the Secretary of 
    Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
    Guard is operating, when the Coast Guard is not operating within 
    the Department of the Navy.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department 
in which the Coast Guard is operating, when the Coast Guard is not 
operating within the Department of the Navy, shall ensure that a member 
of the armed forces who elects to receive additional training in 
subjects available under paragraph (1) is able to receive the 
training.''.
    SEC. 554. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR IN-RESIDENT INSTRUCTION 
      FOR COURSES OF INSTRUCTION OFFERED AS PART OF PHASE II JOINT 
      PROFESSIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION.
    Section 2154(a)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``, or offered through,'' after ``taught in residence 
at''.
    SEC. 555. TERMINATION OF PROGRAM OF EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR 
      RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS SUPPORTING CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS AND 
      OTHER OPERATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 1607 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 16167. Sunset
    ``(a) Sunset.--The authority to provide educational assistance 
under this chapter shall terminate on the date that is four years after 
the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016.
    ``(b) Limitation on Provision of Assistance Pending Sunset.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 and ending on the date that is 
four years after the date of the enactment of that Act, educational 
assistance may be provided under this chapter only to a member 
otherwise eligible for educational assistance under this chapter who 
received educational assistance under this chapter for a course of 
study at an educational institution for the enrollment period at the 
educational institution that immediately preceded the date of the 
enactment of that Act.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 1607 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new item:

``16167. Sunset.''.
    SEC. 556. APPOINTMENTS TO MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES FROM 
      NOMINATIONS MADE BY DELEGATES IN CONGRESS FROM THE VIRGIN 
      ISLANDS, GUAM, AMERICAN SAMOA, AND THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE 
      NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS.
    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4342(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
    ``Four'';
        (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
    ``Four'';
        (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
    ``Three''; and
        (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
    ``Three''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6954(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
    ``Four'';
        (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
    ``Four'';
        (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
    ``Three''; and
        (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
    ``Three''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9342(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
    ``Four'';
        (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
    ``Four'';
        (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
    ``Three''; and
        (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
    ``Three''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall 
apply with respect to the nomination of candidates for appointment to 
the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval Academy, 
and the United States Air Force Academy for classes entering these 
military service academies after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 557. SUPPORT FOR ATHLETIC PROGRAMS OF THE UNITED STATES 
      MILITARY ACADEMY.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 403 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 4362. Support of athletic programs
    ``(a) Authority.--
        ``(1) Contracts and cooperative agreements.--The Secretary of 
    the Army may enter into contracts and cooperative agreements with 
    the Army West Point Athletic Association for the purpose of 
    supporting the athletic programs of the Academy. Notwithstanding 
    section 2304(k) of this title, the Secretary may enter such 
    contracts or cooperative agreements on a sole source basis pursuant 
    to section 2304(c)(5) of this title. Notwithstanding chapter 63 of 
    title 31, a cooperative agreement under this section may be used to 
    acquire property or services for the direct benefit or use of the 
    Academy.
        ``(2) Financial controls.--(A) Before entering into a contract 
    or cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
    ensure that such contract or agreement includes appropriate 
    financial controls to account for Academy and Association resources 
    in accordance with accepted accounting principles.
        ``(B) Any such contract or cooperative agreement shall contain 
    a provision that allows the Secretary, at the Secretary's 
    discretion, to review the financial accounts of the Association to 
    determine whether the operations of the Association--
            ``(i) are consistent with the terms of the contract or 
        cooperative agreement; and
            ``(ii) will not compromise the integrity or appearance of 
        integrity of any program of the Department of the Army.
        ``(3) Leases.--Section 2667(h) of this title shall not apply to 
    any leases the Secretary may enter into with the Association for 
    the purpose of supporting the athletic programs of the Academy.
    ``(b) Support Services.--
        ``(1) Authority.--To the extent required by a contract or 
    cooperative agreement under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
    provide support services to the Association while the Association 
    conducts its support activities at the Academy. The Secretary may 
    provide support services described in paragraph (2) only if the 
    Secretary determines that the provision of such services is 
    essential for the support of the athletic programs of the Academy.
        ``(2) Support services defined.--(A) In this subsection, the 
    term `support services' includes utilities, office furnishings and 
    equipment, communications services, records staging and archiving, 
    audio and video support, and security systems in conjunction with 
    the leasing or licensing of property.
        ``(B) Such term includes--
            ``(i) housing for Association personnel on United States 
        Army Garrison, West Point, New York; and
            ``(ii) enrollment of dependents of Association personnel in 
        elementary and secondary schools under the same criteria 
        applied to dependents of Federal employees under section 
        2164(a) of this title, except that educational services 
        provided pursuant to this clause shall be provided on a 
        reimbursable basis.
        ``(3) No liability of the united states.--Any such support 
    services may only be provided without any liability of the United 
    States to the Association.
    ``(c) Acceptance of Support.--
        ``(1) Support received from the association.--Notwithstanding 
    section 1342 of title 31, the Secretary may accept from the 
    Association funds, supplies, and services for the support of the 
    athletic programs of the Academy. For the purposes of this section, 
    employees or personnel of the Association may not be considered to 
    be employees of the United States.
        ``(2) Funds received from ncaa.--The Secretary may accept funds 
    from the National Collegiate Athletic Association to support the 
    athletic programs of the Academy.
        ``(3) Limitation.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
    contributions under this subsection and expenditure of funds 
    pursuant to subsection (e) do not reflect unfavorably on the 
    ability of the Department of the Army, any of its employees, or any 
    member of the armed forces to carry out any responsibility or duty 
    in a fair and objective manner, or compromise the integrity or 
    appearance of integrity of any program of the Department of the 
    Army, or any individual involved in such a program.
    ``(d) Trademarks and Service Marks.--
        ``(1) Licensing, marketing, and sponsorship agreements.--An 
    agreement under subsection (a) may, consistent with section 2260 of 
    this title (other than subsection (d) of such section), authorize 
    the Association to enter into licensing, marketing, and sponsorship 
    agreements relating to trademarks and service marks identifying the 
    Academy, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Army.
        ``(2) Limitations.--No licensing, marketing, or sponsorship 
    agreement may be entered into under paragraph (1) if--
            ``(A) such agreement would reflect unfavorably on the 
        ability of the Department of the Army, any of its employees, or 
        any member of the armed forces to carry out any responsibility 
        or duty in a fair and objective manner; or
            ``(B) the Secretary determines that the use of the 
        trademark or service mark would compromise the integrity or 
        appearance of integrity of any program of the Department of the 
        Army, or any individual involved in such a program.
    ``(e) Retention and Use of Funds.--Any funds received by the 
Secretary under this section may be retained for use in support of the 
athletic programs of the Academy and shall remain available until 
expended.
    ``(f) Service on Association Board of Directors.--The Association 
is a designated entity for which authorization under sections 1033(a) 
and 1589(a) of this title may be provided.
    ``(g) Conditions.--The authority provided in this section with 
respect to the Association is available only so long as the Association 
continues--
        ``(1) to qualify as a nonprofit organization under section 
    501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and operates in 
    accordance with this section, the law of the State of New York, and 
    the constitution and bylaws of the Association; and
        ``(2) to operate exclusively to support the athletic programs 
    of the Academy.
    ``(h) Association Defined.--In this section, the term `Association' 
means the Army West Point Athletic Association.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 403 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new item:

``4362. Support of athletic programs.''.
    SEC. 558. CONDITION ON ADMISSION OF DEFENSE INDUSTRY CIVILIANS TO 
      ATTEND THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.
    Section 9314a(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``will be done on a space-available basis and not require an 
increase in the size of the faculty'' and inserting ``will not require 
an increase in the permanently authorized size of the faculty''.
    SEC. 559. QUALITY ASSURANCE OF CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS AND STANDARDS 
      FOR PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS OBTAINED BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    Section 2015 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
551 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 
3376), is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (e), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Quality Assurance of Certification Programs and Standards.--
(1) Commencing not later than three years after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016, each Secretary concerned shall ensure that any credentialing 
program used in connection with the program under subsection (a) is 
accredited by an accreditation body that meets the requirements 
specified in paragraph (2).
    ``(2) The requirements for accreditation bodies specified in this 
paragraph are requirements that an accreditation body--
        ``(A) be an independent body that has in place mechanisms to 
    ensure objectivity and impartiality in its accreditation 
    activities;
        ``(B) meet a recognized national or international standard that 
    directs its policy and procedures regarding accreditation;
        ``(C) apply a recognized national or international 
    certification standard in making its accreditation decisions 
    regarding certification bodies and programs;
        ``(D) conduct on-site visits, as applicable, to verify the 
    documents and records submitted by credentialing bodies for 
    accreditation;
        ``(E) have in place policies and procedures to ensure due 
    process when addressing complaints and appeals regarding its 
    accreditation activities;
        ``(F) conduct regular training to ensure consistent and 
    reliable decisions among reviewers conducting accreditations; and
        ``(G) meet such other criteria as the Secretary concerned 
    considers appropriate in order to ensure quality in its 
    accreditation activities.''.
    SEC. 560. PROHIBITION ON RECEIPT OF UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE WHILE 
      RECEIVING POST-9/11 EDUCATION ASSISTANCE.
    (a) Effect of Receipt of Post-9/11 Education Assistance.--Section 
8525(b) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``he 
    receives'' and inserting ``the individual receives'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' after the semicolon;
        (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
        (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph (2):
        ``(2) except in the case of an individual described in 
    subsection (a), an educational assistance allowance under chapter 
    33 of title 38; or''.
    (b) Exception.--Section 8525 of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before subsection (b) the following new 
subsection:
    ``(a) Subsection (b)(2) does not apply to an individual who--
        ``(1) is otherwise entitled to compensation under this 
    subchapter;
        ``(2) is described in section 3311(b) of title 38;
        ``(3) is not receiving retired pay under title 10; and
        ``(4) was discharged or released from service in the Armed 
    Forces or the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and 
    Atmospheric Administration (including through a reduction in force) 
    under honorable conditions, but did not voluntarily separate from 
    such service.''.
    SEC. 561. JOB TRAINING AND POST-SERVICE PLACEMENT EXECUTIVE 
      COMMITTEE.
    Section 320 of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``a subordinate Job 
    Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee,'' before 
    ``and such other committees'';
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive 
Committee.--The Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive 
Committee described in subsection (b)(2) shall--
        ``(1) review existing policies, procedures, and practices of 
    the Departments (including the military departments) with respect 
    to job training and post-service placement programs; and
        ``(2) identify changes to such policies, procedures, and 
    practices to improve job training and post-service placement.''; 
    and
        (3) in subsection (d)(2), by inserting ``, including with 
    respect to job training and post-service placement'' before the 
    period at the end.
    SEC. 562. RECOGNITION OF ADDITIONAL INVOLUNTARY MOBILIZATION DUTY 
      AUTHORITIES EXEMPT FROM FIVE-YEAR LIMIT ON REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OF 
      PERSONS WHO SERVE IN THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.
    Section 4312(c)(4)(A) of title 38, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after ``12304,'' the following: ``12304a, 12304b,''.
    SEC. 563. EXPANSION OF OUTREACH FOR VETERANS TRANSITIONING FROM 
      SERVING ON ACTIVE DUTY.
    (a) Expansion of Pilot Program.--Section 5(c)(5) of the Clay Hunt 
Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act (Public Law 114-2; 38 
U.S.C. 1712A note) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(E) conducts outreach to individuals transitioning from 
        serving on active duty in the Armed Forces who are 
        participating in the Transition Assistance Program of the 
        Department of Defense or other similar transition programs to 
        inform such individuals of the community oriented veteran peer 
        support network under paragraph (1) and other support programs 
        and opportunities that are available to such individuals.''.
    (b) Inclusion of Information in Interim Report.--Section 5(d)(1) of 
the Clay Hunt Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act (Public Law 
114-2; 38 U.S.C. 1712A note) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(E) the number of veterans who--
                ``(i) received outreach from the Department of Veterans 
            Affairs while serving on active duty as a member of the 
            Armed Forces; and
                ``(ii) participated in a peer support program under the 
            pilot program for veterans transitioning from serving on 
            active duty.''.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

    SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
      AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
      AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.
    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2016 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $25,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
8013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).
    SEC. 572. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.
    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 
pursuant to section 301 and available for operation and maintenance for 
Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding table in section 
4301, $5,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 of 
the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 
U.S.C. 7703a).
    SEC. 573. AUTHORITY TO USE APPROPRIATED FUNDS TO SUPPORT DEPARTMENT 
      OF DEFENSE STUDENT MEAL PROGRAMS IN DOMESTIC DEPENDENT ELEMENTARY 
      AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS LOCATED OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Authority.--Section 2243 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``the defense dependents' education 
        system'' and inserting ``overseas defense dependents' 
        schools''; and
            (B) by striking ``students enrolled in that system'' and 
        inserting ``students enrolled in such a school'';
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``Department of Defense 
    dependents' schools which are located outside the United States'' 
    and inserting ``overseas defense dependents' schools''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Overseas Defense Dependents' School Defined.--In this 
section, the term `overseas defense dependents' school' means the 
following:
        ``(1) A school established as part of the defense dependents' 
    education system provided for under the Defense Dependents' 
    Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 921 et seq.).
        ``(2) An elementary or secondary school established pursuant to 
    section 2164 of this title that is located in a territory, 
    commonwealth, or possession of the United States.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 2243 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2243. Authority to use appropriated funds to support student 
    meal programs in overseas defense dependents' schools''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking the item relating to section 2243 and inserting 
    the following new item:

``2243. Authority to use appropriated funds to support student meal 
          programs in overseas defense dependents' schools.''.
    SEC. 574. FAMILY SUPPORT PROGRAMS FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
      FORCES.
    (a) Extension of Authority to Conduct Programs .--Section 554(f) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1785 note) is amended by striking ``2016'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Modification of Reporting Requirement.--Subsection (g) of 
section 554 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1785 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(g) Report Required.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2016, and each March 
    1 thereafter though the conclusion of the pilot programs conducted 
    under subsection (a), the Commander, in coordination with the Under 
    Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report describing the 
    progress made in achieving the goals of the pilot programs.
        ``(2) Elements of report.--Each report under this subsection 
    shall include the following for each pilot program:
            ``(A) A description of the pilot program to address family 
        support requirements not being provided by the Secretary of a 
        military department to immediate family members of members of 
        the Armed Forces assigned to special operations forces.
            ``(B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot program on 
        the readiness of members of the Armed Forces assigned to 
        special operations forces.
            ``(C) A comparison of the pilot program to other programs 
        conducted by the Secretaries of the military departments to 
        provide family support to immediate family members of members 
        of the Armed Forces.
            ``(D) Recommendations for incorporating the lessons learned 
        from the pilot program into family support programs conducted 
        by the Secretaries of the military departments.
            ``(E) Any other matters considered appropriate by the 
        Commander or the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness.''.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

    SEC. 581. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE 
      CROSS FOR ACTS OF EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM DURING THE KOREAN WAR.
    Notwithstanding the time limitations specified in section 3744 of 
title 10, United States Code, or any other time limitation with respect 
to the awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the Armed 
Forces, the Secretary of the Army may award the Distinguished-Service 
Cross under section 3742 of such title to Edward Halcomb who, while 
serving in Korea as a member of the United States Army in the grade of 
Private First Class in Company B, 1st Battalion, 29th Infantry 
Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, distinguished himself by acts of 
extraordinary heroism from August 20, 1950, to October 19, 1950, during 
the Korean War.

          Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 591. COORDINATION WITH NON-GOVERNMENT SUICIDE PREVENTION 
      ORGANIZATIONS AND AGENCIES TO ASSIST IN REDUCING SUICIDES BY 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Development of Policy.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, may 
develop a policy to coordinate the efforts of the Department of Defense 
and non-government suicide prevention organizations regarding--
        (1) the use of such non-government organizations to reduce the 
    number of suicides among members of the Armed Forces by 
    comprehensively addressing the needs of members of the Armed Forces 
    who have been identified as being at risk of suicide;
        (2) the delineation of the responsibilities within the 
    Department of Defense regarding interaction with such 
    organizations;
        (3) the collection of data regarding the efficacy and cost of 
    coordinating with such organizations; and
        (4) the preparation and preservation of any reporting material 
    the Secretary determines necessary to carry out the policy.
    (b) Suicide Prevention Efforts.--The Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to take any necessary measures to prevent suicides by 
members of the Armed Forces, including by facilitating the access of 
members of the Armed Forces to successful non-governmental treatment 
regimen.
    SEC. 592. EXTENSION OF SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON THE INVOLUNTARY 
      SEPARATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 525(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1724) is amended by striking 
``calendar years 2013 and 2014'' and ``each of calendar years 2013 
through 2017''.
    SEC. 593. REPORT ON PRELIMINARY MENTAL HEALTH SCREENINGS FOR 
      INDIVIDUALS BECOMING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Report on Recommendations in Connection With Screenings.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
feasibility of conducting, before the enlistment or accession of an 
individual into the Armed Forces, a mental health screening of the 
individual to bring mental health screenings to parity with physical 
screenings of prospective members.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) Recommendations with respect to establishing a secure, 
    electronically-based preliminary mental health screening of new 
    members of the Armed Forces.
        (2) Recommendations with respect to the composition of the 
    mental health screening, evidenced-based best practices, and how to 
    track changes in mental health screenings relating to traumatic 
    brain injuries, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other 
    conditions.
    SEC. 594. REPORT REGARDING NEW RULEMAKING UNDER THE MILITARY 
      LENDING ACT AND DEFENSE MANPOWER DATA CENTER REPORTS AND 
      MEETINGS.
    (a) Report on New Military Lending Act Rulemaking.--Not later than 
60 days after the issuance by the Secretary of Defense of the 
regulation issued with regard to section 987 of title 10, United States 
Code (commonly known as the Military Lending Act), and part of 232 of 
title 32, Code of Federal Regulations (its implementing regulation), 
the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that discusses--
        (1) the ability and reliability of the Defense Manpower Data 
    Center in meeting real-time requests for accurate information 
    needed to make a determination regarding whether a borrower is 
    covered by the Military Lending Act; or
        (2) an alternate mechanism or mechanisms for identifying such 
    covered borrowers.
    (b) Defense Manpower Data Center Reports and Meetings.--
        (1) Reports on accuracy, reliability, and integrity of 
    systems.--The Director of the Defense Manpower Data Center shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees reports on the 
    accuracy, reliability, and integrity of the Defense Manpower Data 
    Center systems used to identify covered borrowers and covered 
    policyholders under military consumer protection laws. The first 
    report is due six months after the date of the enactment of this 
    Act, and the Director shall submit additional reports every six 
    months thereafter through December 31, 2020, to show improvements 
    in the accuracy, reliability, and integrity of such systems.
        (2) Report on plan to strengthen capabilities.--Not later than 
    six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
    Director of the Defense Manpower Data Center shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on plans to strengthen 
    the capabilities of the Defense Manpower Data Center systems, 
    including staffing levels and funding, in order to improve the 
    identification of covered borrowers and covered policyholders under 
    military consumer protection laws.
        (3) Meetings with private sector users of systems.--The 
    Director of the Defense Manpower Data Center shall meet regularly 
    with private sector users of Defense Manpower Data Center systems 
    used to identify covered borrowers and covered policyholders under 
    military consumer protection laws to learn about issues facing such 
    users and to develop ways of addressing such issues. The first 
    meeting pursuant to this requirement shall take place with three 
    months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 595. REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT CAREER FIELD MANNING 
      SHORTFALLS.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for operation and 
maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, not more 
than 85 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 15 days 
has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
submits to the congressional defense committees the report described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit 
    to the congressional defense committees a report on remotely 
    piloted aircraft career field manning levels and actions the Air 
    Force will take to rectify personnel shortfalls.
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A description of current and projected manning 
        requirements and inventory levels for remotely piloted aircraft 
        systems.
            (B) A description of rated and non-rated officer and 
        enlisted manning policies for authorization and inventory 
        levels in effect for remotely piloted aircraft systems and 
        units, to include whether remotely piloted aircraft duty is 
        considered as a permanent Air Force Specialty Code or treated 
        as an ancillary single assignment duty, and if both are used, 
        the division of authorizations between permanently assigned 
        personnel and those who will return to a different primary 
        career field.
            (C) Comparisons to other Air Force manned combat aircraft 
        systems and units with respect to personnel policies, manpower 
        authorization levels, and projected personnel inventory.
            (D) Identification and assessment of mitigation actions to 
        increase unit manning levels, including recruitment and 
        retention bonuses, incentive pay, use of enlisted personnel, 
        and increased weighting to remotely piloted aircraft personnel 
        on promotion boards, and to ensure the school house for 
        remotely piloted aircraft personnel is sufficient to meet 
        increased manning demands.
            (E) Analysis demonstrating the requirements determination 
        for how remotely piloted aircraft pilot and sensor operators 
        are selected, including whether individuals are prior rated or 
        non-rated qualified, what prerequisite training or experience 
        is necessary, and required and types of basic and advanced 
        qualification training for each mission design series of 
        remotely piloted aircraft in the Air Force inventory.
            (F) Recommendations for changes to existing legislation 
        required to implement mitigation actions.
            (G) An assessment of the authorization levels of government 
        civilian and contractor support required for sufficiency of 
        remotely piloted aircraft career field manning.
            (H) A description and associated timeline of actions the 
        Air Force will take to increase remotely piloted aircraft 
        career field manpower authorizations and manning levels to at 
        least the equal of the normative levels of manning and 
        readiness of all other combat aircraft career fields.
            (I) A description of any other matters concerning remotely 
        piloted aircraft career field manning levels the Secretary of 
        the Air Force determines to be appropriate.
        (3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) may be 
    submitted in classified form, but shall also contain an 
    unclassified executive summary and may contain an unclassified 
    annex.
        (4) Nonduplication of effort.--If any information required 
    under paragraph (1) has been included in another report or 
    notification previously submitted to Congress by law, the Secretary 
    of the Air Force may provide a list of such reports and 
    notifications at the time of submitting the report required under 
    this subsection in lieu of including such information in the 
    report.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. No fiscal year 2016 increase in military basic pay for general 
          and flag officers.
Sec. 602. Limitation on eligibility for supplemental subsistence 
          allowances to members serving outside the United States and 
          associated territory.
Sec. 603. Phased-in modification of percentage of national average 
          monthly cost of housing usable in computation of basic 
          allowance for housing inside the United States.
Sec. 604. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 605. Availability of information under the Food and Nutrition Act 
          of 2008.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum annual amount of nuclear officer bonus 
          pay.
Sec. 617. Modification to special aviation incentive pay and bonus 
          authorities for officers.
Sec. 618. Repeal of obsolete authority to pay bonus to encourage Army 
          personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Transportation to transfer ceremonies for family and next of 
          kin of members of the Armed Forces who die overseas during 
          humanitarian operations.
Sec. 622. Repeal of obsolete special travel and transportation allowance 
          for survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces from the 
          Vietnam conflict.
Sec. 623. Study and report on policy changes to the Joint Travel 
          Regulations.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       Part I--Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Modernized retirement system for members of the uniformed 
          services.
Sec. 632. Full participation for members of the uniformed services in 
          the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 633. Lump sum payments of certain retired pay.
Sec. 634. Continuation pay for full TSP members with 12 years of 
          service.
Sec. 635. Effective date and implementation.

                         Part II--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Death of former spouse beneficiaries and subsequent 
          remarriages under the Survivor Benefit Plan.

    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                         Benefits and Operations

Sec. 651. Plan to obtain budget-neutrality for the defense commissary 
          system and the military exchange system.
Sec. 652. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
          Commissary Surcharge, Non-appropriated Fund, and Privately-
          Financed Major Construction Program.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 661. Improvement of financial literacy and preparedness of members 
          of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 662. Recordation of obligations for installment payments of 
          incentive pays, allowances, and similar benefits when payment 
          is due.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

    SEC. 601. NO FISCAL YEAR 2016 INCREASE IN MILITARY BASIC PAY FOR 
      GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS.
    Section 203(a)(2) of title 37, United States Code, shall be applied 
for rates of basic pay payable for commissioned officers in pay grades 
O-7 through O-10 during calendar year 2016 by using the rate of pay for 
level II of the Executive Schedule in effect during 2014. The rates of 
basic pay payable for such officers shall not increase during calendar 
year 2016.
    SEC. 602. LIMITATION ON ELIGIBILITY FOR SUPPLEMENTAL SUBSISTENCE 
      ALLOWANCES TO MEMBERS SERVING OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES AND 
      ASSOCIATED TERRITORY.
    Section 402a(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and paragraph (4)'' after 
    ``subsection (d)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) After September 30, 2016, a member is eligible for a 
supplemental subsistence allowance under this section only if the 
member is serving outside the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or Guam.''.
    SEC. 603. PHASED-IN MODIFICATION OF PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL AVERAGE 
      MONTHLY COST OF HOUSING USABLE IN COMPUTATION OF BASIC ALLOWANCE 
      FOR HOUSING INSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
    Section 403(b)(3)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``may not exceed one percent.'' and inserting the following: 
``may not exceed the following:
        ``(i) One percent for months occurring during 2015.
        ``(ii) Two percent for months occurring during 2016.
        ``(iii) Three percent for months occurring during 2017.
        ``(iv) Four percent for months occurring during 2018.
        ``(v) Five percent for months occurring after 2018.''.
    SEC. 604. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN 
      RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.
    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016''.
    SEC. 605. AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FOOD AND NUTRITION 
      ACT OF 2008.
    In administering the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et 
seq.), the Secretary of Agriculture shall ensure that any safeguards 
that prevent the use or disclosure of information obtained from 
applicant households shall not prevent the use of that information by, 
or the disclosure of that information to, the Secretary of Defense for 
purposes of determining the number of applicant households that contain 
one or more members of a regular component or reserve component of the 
Armed Forces.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

    SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
      AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
        (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve reenlistment 
    bonus.
        (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve affiliation 
    or enlistment bonus.
        (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
    members assigned to certain high-priority units.
        (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
    bonus for persons without prior service.
        (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment and 
    reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
        (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve enlistment 
    and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
        (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
    expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
    distance.
        (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments for 
    reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
    mobilization for active duty service.
    SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
      AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.
    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
        (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
    accession program.
        (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education loans 
    for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
        (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
    bonuses for psychologists.
        (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
    registered nurses.
        (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay for 
    nurse anesthetists.
        (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
    Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
    specialties.
        (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for dental 
    officers.
        (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for pharmacy 
    officers.
        (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for medical 
    officers in critically short wartime specialties.
        (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
    specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.
    SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES 
      FOR NUCLEAR OFFICERS.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
        (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
    qualified officers extending period of active service.
        (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
    bonus.
        (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
    incentive bonus.
    SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
      CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS AUTHORITIES.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
        (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
    enlisted members.
        (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
    officers.
        (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for nuclear officers.
        (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive pay 
    and bonus authorities for officers.
        (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for officers in health professions.
        (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
    and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps.
        (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
        (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special duty 
    pay.
        (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
    proficiency bonus.
        (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
    members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to high 
    priority units.
    SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
      OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
        (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
    bonus.
        (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
        (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for active 
    members.
        (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
        (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members of 
    precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language proficiency.
        (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
    officers in critical skills.
        (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for conversion 
    to military occupational specialty to ease personnel shortage.
        (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for transfer 
    between Armed Forces.
        (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
    candidates.
    SEC. 616. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM ANNUAL AMOUNT OF NUCLEAR OFFICER 
      BONUS PAY.
    Section 333(d)(1)(A) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$35,000'' and inserting ``$50,000''.
    SEC. 617. MODIFICATION TO SPECIAL AVIATION INCENTIVE PAY AND BONUS 
      AUTHORITIES FOR OFFICERS.
    (a) Clarification of Secretarial Authority To Set Requirements for 
Aviation Incentive Pay Eligibility.--Subsection (a) of section 334 of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) as 
    subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), and (E), respectively, and moving 
    the margin of such subparagraphs, as so redesignated, 2 ems to the 
    right;
        (2) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Incentive pay authorized.--The Secretary''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
        ``(2) Officers not currently engaged in flying duty.--The 
    Secretary concerned may pay aviation incentive pay under this 
    section to an officer who is otherwise qualified for such pay but 
    who is not currently engaged in the performance of operational 
    flying duty or proficiency flying duty if the Secretary determines, 
    under regulations prescribed under section 374 of this title, that 
    payment of aviation incentive pay to that officer is in the best 
    interests of the service.''.
    (b) Restoration of Authority To Pay Aviation Incentive Pay to 
Medical Officers Performing Flight Surgeon Duties.--Subsection (h)(1) 
of such section is amended by striking ``(except a flight surgeon or 
other medical officer)''.
    (c) Increase in Maximum Amount of Aviation Special Pays for Flying 
Duty of Remotely Piloted Aircraft.--Subsection (c)(1) of such section 
is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``exceed $850 per month; 
    and'' and inserting ``exceed--
                ``(i) $1,000 per month for officers performing 
            qualifying flying duty relating to remotely piloted 
            aircraft (RPA); or
                ``(ii) $850 per month for officers performing other 
            qualifying flying duty; and''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$25,000'' and all that 
    follows and inserting ``, for each 12-month period of obligated 
    service agreed to under subsection (d)--
                ``(i) $35,000 for officers performing qualifying flying 
            duty relating to remotely piloted aircraft; or
                ``(ii) $25,000 for officers performing other qualifying 
            flying duty.''.
    (d) Authority To Pay Aviation Bonus and Skill Incentive Pay to 
Officers Simultaneously.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``353'' and inserting 
    ``353(a)''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``a payment'' and inserting ``a bonus 
        payment''; and
            (B) by striking ``353'' and inserting ``353(b)''.
    (e) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
setting forth the empirical case for an increase in special and 
incentive pay for aviation officers in order to address a specific, 
statistically-based retention problem with respect to such officers. 
The report shall include the results of a study, conducted by the 
Secretary in connection with the case, on a market-based compensation 
approach to the retention of such officers that considers the pay and 
allowances offered by commercial airlines to pilots and the propensity 
of pilots to leave the Air Force to become commercial airline pilots.
    SEC. 618. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE AUTHORITY TO PAY BONUS TO ENCOURAGE 
      ARMY PERSONNEL TO REFER PERSONS FOR ENLISTMENT IN THE ARMY.
    (a) Repeal.--Section 3252 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 333 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 3252.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

    SEC. 621. TRANSPORTATION TO TRANSFER CEREMONIES FOR FAMILY AND NEXT 
      OF KIN OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE OVERSEAS DURING 
      HUMANITARIAN OPERATIONS.
    Section 481f(e)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``(including during a humanitarian relief operation)'' after 
``located or serving overseas''.
    SEC. 622. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE SPECIAL TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION 
      ALLOWANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
      FROM THE VIETNAM CONFLICT.
    (a) Repeal and Redesignation.--Section 481f of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (d); and
        (2) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as 
    subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
    (b) Conforming Amendment to Cross Reference.--Section 
2493(a)(4)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``section 481f(e)'' and inserting ``section 481f(d)''.
    SEC. 623. STUDY AND REPORT ON POLICY CHANGES TO THE JOINT TRAVEL 
      REGULATIONS.
    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the impact of the policy changes to the Joint Travel 
Regulations for the Uniformed Service Members and Department of Defense 
Civilian Employees related to flat rate per diem for long term 
temporary duty travel that took effect on November 1, 2014. The study 
shall assess the following:
        (1) The impact of such changes on shipyard workers who travel 
    on long-term temporary duty assignments.
        (2) Whether such changes have discouraged employees of the 
    Department of Defense, including civilian employees at shipyards 
    and depots, from volunteering for important temporary duty travel 
    assignments.
    (b) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2016, the Comptroller General 
shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on 
the study required by subsection (a).

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       PART I--RETIRED PAY REFORM

    SEC. 631. MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
      SERVICES.
    (a) Regular Service.--Section 1409(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Modernized retirement system.--
            ``(A) Reduced multiplier for full tsp members.--
        Notwithstanding paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), in the case of a 
        member who first becomes a member of the uniformed services on 
        or after January 1, 2018, or a member who makes the election 
        described in subparagraph (B) (referred to as a `full TSP 
        member')--
                ``(i) paragraph (1)(A) shall be applied by substituting 
            `2' for `2\1/2\';
                ``(ii) clause (i) of paragraph (3)(B) shall be applied 
            by substituting `60 percent' for `75 percent'; and
                ``(iii) clause (ii)(I) of such paragraph shall be 
            applied by substituting `2' for `2\1/2\'.
            ``(B) Election to participate in modernized retirement 
        system.--Pursuant to subparagraph (C), a member of a uniformed 
        service serving on December 31, 2017, who has served in the 
        uniformed services for fewer than 12 years as of December 31, 
        2017, may elect, in exchange for the reduced multipliers 
        described in subparagraph (A) for purposes of calculating the 
        retired pay of the member, to receive Thrift Savings Plan 
        contributions pursuant to section 8440e(e) of title 5.
            ``(C) Election period.--
                ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clauses (ii) 
            and (iii), a member of a uniformed service described in 
            subparagraph (B) may make the election authorized by that 
            subparagraph only during the period that begins on January 
            1, 2018, and ends on December 31, 2018.
                ``(ii) Hardship extension.--The Secretary concerned may 
            extend the election period described in clause (i) for a 
            member who experiences a hardship as determined by the 
            Secretary concerned.
                ``(iii) Effect of break in service.--A member of a 
            uniformed service who returns to service after a break in 
            service that occurs during the election period specified in 
            clause (i) shall make the election described in 
            subparagraph (B) within 30 days after the date of the 
            reentry into service of the member.
            ``(D) No retroactive contributions pursuant to election.--
        Thrift Savings Plan contributions may not be made for a member 
        making an election pursuant to subparagraph (B) for any period 
        beginning before the date of the member's election under that 
        subparagraph by reason of the member's election.
            ``(E) Regulations.--The Secretary concerned shall prescribe 
        regulations to implement this paragraph.''.
    (b) Non-regular Service.--Section 12739 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Modernized Retirement System.--
        ``(1) Reduced multiplier for full tsp members.--Notwithstanding 
    subsection (a) or (c), in the case of a person who first performs 
    reserve component service on or after January 1, 2018, after not 
    having performed regular or reserve component service on or before 
    that date, or a person who makes the election described in 
    paragraph (2) (referred to as a `full TSP member')--
            ``(A) subsection (a)(2) shall be applied by substituting `2 
        percent' for `2\1/2\ percent';
            ``(B) subparagraph (A) of subsection (c)(2) shall be 
        applied by substituting `60 percent' for `75 percent'; and
            ``(C) subparagraph (B)(ii) of such subsection shall be 
        applied by substituting `2 percent' for `2\1/2\ percent'.
        ``(2) Election to participate in modernized retirement 
    system.--
            ``(A) In general.--Pursuant to subparagraph (B), a person 
        performing reserve component service on December 31, 2017, who 
        has performed fewer than 12 years of service as of December 31, 
        2017 (as computed in accordance with section 12733 of this 
        title), may elect, in exchange for the reduced multipliers 
        described in paragraph (1) for purposes of calculating the 
        retired pay of the person, to receive Thrift Savings Plan 
        contributions pursuant to section 8440e(e) of title 5.
            ``(B) Election period.--
                ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clauses (ii) 
            and (iii), a person described in subparagraph (A) may make 
            the election described in that subparagraph during the 
            period that begins on January 1, 2018, and ends on December 
            31, 2018.
                ``(ii) Hardship extension.--The Secretary concerned may 
            extend the election period described in clause (i) for a 
            person who experiences a hardship as determined by the 
            Secretary concerned.
                ``(iii) Persons experiencing break in service.--A 
            person returning to reserve component service after a break 
            in reserve component service in which falls the election 
            period specified in clause (i) shall make the election 
            described in subparagraph (A) on the date of the reentry 
            into service of the person.
            ``(C) No retroactive contributions pursuant to election.--
        Thrift Savings Plan contributions may not be made for a person 
        making an election pursuant to subparagraph (A) for any pay 
        period beginning before the date of the person's election under 
        that subparagraph by reason of the person's election.
        ``(3) Regulations.--The Secretary concerned shall prescribe 
    regulations to implement this subsection.''.
    (c) Coordinating Amendments to Other Retirement Authorities.--
        (1) Disability, warrant officers, and dopma retired pay.--
            (A) Computation of retired pay.--The table in section 
        1401(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                (i) in paragraph (1) in column 2 of formula number 1, 
            by striking ``2\1/2\% of years of service credited to him 
            under section 1208'' and inserting ``the retired pay 
            multiplier determined for the member under section 1409 of 
            this title''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (1) in column 2 of formula number 2, 
            by striking ``2\1/2\% of years of service credited to him 
            under section 1208'' and inserting ``the retired pay 
            multiplier determined for the member under section 1409 of 
            this title''; and
                (iii) in column 2 of each of formula number 4 and 
            formula number 5, by striking ``section 1409(a)'' and 
            inserting ``section 1409''.
            (B) Clarification regarding modernized retirement system.--
        Section 1401a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                (i) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); 
            and
                (ii) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
            paragraph (5):
        ``(5) Adjustments for participants in modernized retirement 
    system.--Notwithstanding paragraph (3), if a member or former 
    member participates in the modernized retirement system by reason 
    of section 1409(b)(4) of this title (including pursuant to an 
    election under subparagraph (B) of that section), the Secretary 
    shall increase the retired pay of such member in accordance with 
    paragraph (2).''.
        (2) 15-year career status bonus.--Section 354 of title 37, 
    United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in subsection (f)--
                (i) by striking ``If a'' and inserting ``(1) If a''; 
            and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If a person who is paid a bonus under this section 
subsequently makes an election described in section 1409(b)(4)(B) of 
title 10, the person shall repay any bonus payments received under this 
section in the same manner as repayments are made under section 373 of 
this title.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Sunset and Continuation of Payments.--(1) A Secretary 
concerned may not pay a new bonus under this section after December 31, 
2017.
    ``(2) Subject to subsection (f)(2), the Secretary concerned may 
continue to make payments for bonuses that were awarded under this 
section on or before the date specified in paragraph (1).''.
        (3) Application to national oceanic and atmospheric 
    administration commissioned corps.--Paragraph (2) of section 245(a) 
    of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned 
    Officer Corps Act of 2002 (33 U.S.C. 3045(a)) is amended to read as 
    follows:
        ``(2) the retired pay multiplier determined under section 1409 
    of such title for the number of years of service that may be 
    credited to the officer under section 1405 of such title as if the 
    officer's service were service as a member of the Armed Forces.''.
        (4) Application to public health service.--Section 211(a)(4) of 
    the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 212(a)(4)) is amended--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``at the rate of 2 \1/2\ per centum of the basic pay of the 
        highest grade held by him as such officer'' and inserting 
        ``calculated by multiplying the retired pay base determined 
        under section 1406 of title 10, United States Code, by the 
        retired pay multiplier determined under section 1409 of such 
        title for the numbers of years of service credited to the 
        officer under this paragraph''; and
            (B) in the matter following subparagraph (B)(iii)--
                (i) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``such pay, and'' 
            and inserting ``such pay,''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``such basic 
            pay.'' and inserting ``such basic pay, and (E) in the case 
            of any officer who participates in the modernized 
            retirement system by reason of section 1409(b) of title 10, 
            United States Code (including pursuant to an election under 
            subparagraph (B) of that section), subparagraph (C) shall 
            be applied by substituting `40 per centum' for `50 per 
            centum' each place the term appears.''.
    (d) Repeal of Reduced Cost-of-living Adjustments for Members Under 
the Age of 62.--The following amendments shall not take effect:
        (1) The amendments to be made by section 403 of the Bipartisan 
    Budget Act of 2013 (Public Law 113-67; 127 Stat. 1186), as amended 
    by section 10001(a) of the Department of Defense Appropriations 
    Act, 2014 (division C of Public Law 113-76; 128 Stat. 151), section 
    2 of Public Law 113-82 (128 Stat. 1009), and section 623 of the 
    Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
    Stat. 3403).
        (2) The amendments to be made by section 10001(b) of the 
    Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2014.
    SEC. 632. FULL PARTICIPATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES 
      IN THE THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN.
    (a) Modernized Retirement System.--
        (1) Definitions.--Section 8440e(a) of title 5, United States 
    Code, is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
    the following new paragraphs:
        ``(1) the term `basic pay' means basic pay payable under 
    section 204 of title 37;
        ``(2) the term `full TSP member' means a member described in 
    subsection (e)(1);
        ``(3) the term `member' has the meaning given the term in 
    section 211 of title 37; and
        ``(4) the term `Secretary concerned' has the meaning given the 
    term in section 101 of title 37.''.
        (2) TSP contributions.--Subsection (e) of section 8440e of 
    title 5, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Modernized Retirement System.--
        ``(1) TSP contributions.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
    of law, the Secretary concerned shall make contributions to the 
    Thrift Savings Fund, in accordance with section 8432 (except to the 
    extent the requirements under such section are modified by this 
    subsection), for the benefit of a member--
            ``(A) who first enters a uniformed service on or after 
        January 1, 2018; or
            ``(B) who--
                ``(i) first entered a uniformed service before January 
            1, 2018;
                ``(ii) has completed fewer than 12 years of service in 
            the uniformed services as of December 31, 2017; and
                ``(iii) makes the election described in section 
            1409(b)(4)(B) or 12729(f)(2) of title 10 to receive Thrift 
            Savings Plan contributions under this subsection in 
            exchange for the reduced multipliers described in section 
            1409(b)(4)(A) or 12739(f)(1) of title 10, as applicable, 
            for purposes of calculating the retired pay of the member.
        ``(2) Maximum amount.--The amount contributed under this 
    subsection by the Secretary concerned for the benefit of a full TSP 
    member for any pay period shall not be more than 5 percent of the 
    member's basic pay for such pay period. Any such contribution under 
    this subsection, though in accordance with section 8432 as provided 
    in paragraph (1), is instead of, and not in addition to, amounts 
    contributable under section 8432 as provided in section 8432(c).
        ``(3) Timing and duration of contributions.--
            ``(A) Automatic contributions.--The Secretary concerned 
        shall make a contribution described in section 8432(c)(1) under 
        this subsection for the benefit of a member described in 
        paragraph (1) for any pay period during the period that--
                ``(i) begins--

                    ``(I) on or after the day that is 60 days afer the 
                date the member first enters a uniformed service, in 
                the case of a member described in paragraph (1)(A); or
                    ``(II) on or after the date the member makes the 
                election described in paragraph (1)(B), in the case of 
                a member making such an election; and

                ``(ii) ends on the day such member completes 26 years 
            of service as a member of the uniformed services.
            ``(B) Matching contributions.--The Secretary concerned 
        shall make a contribution described in section 8432(c)(2) under 
        this subsection for the benefit of a member described in 
        paragraph (1) for any pay period during the period that--
                ``(i) begins--

                    ``(I) on or after the day that is 2 years and 1 day 
                after the date the member first enters a uniformed 
                service, in the case of a member described in paragraph 
                (1)(A); or
                    ``(II) on or after the date the member makes the 
                election described in paragraph (1)(B), in the case of 
                a member making such an election; and

                ``(ii) ends on the day such member completes 26 years 
            of service as a member of the uniformed services.
        ``(4) Protections for spouses and former spouses.--Section 8435 
    shall apply to a full TSP member in the same manner as such section 
    is applied to an employee or Member under such section.''.
    (b) Automatic Enrollment in Thrift Savings Plan.--Section 
8432(b)(2) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by striking ``Members'' and 
    inserting ``(ii) Except in the case of a full TSP member (as 
    defined in section 8440e(a)), members'';
        (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``8440e(a)(1)'' and 
    inserting ``8440e(b)(1)''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(F) Notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph, if a 
full TSP member (as defined in section 8440e(a)) has declined automatic 
enrollment into the Thrift Savings Plan for a year, the full TSP member 
shall be automatically reenrolled on January 1 of the succeeding year, 
with contributions under subsection (a) at the default percentage of 
basic pay.''.
    (c) Vesting.--
        (1) Two-years of service.--Section 8432(g)(2) of title 5, 
    United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)(iii), by striking ``or'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(C) 2 years of service in the case of a member of the 
    uniformed services.''.
        (2) Separation.--Section 8432(g) of title 5, United States 
    Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(6) For purposes of this subsection, a member of the uniformed 
services shall be considered to have separated from Government 
employment if the member is discharged or released from service in the 
uniformed services.''.
    (d) Thrift Savings Plan Default Investment Fund.--Section 
8438(c)(2) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(A) Consistent with the 
    requirements of subparagraph (B), if an'' and inserting ``If an''; 
    and
        (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
    (e) Repeal of Separate Contribution Agreement Authority.--
        (1) Repeal.--Section 211 of title 37, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (d); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 8432b(c)(2)(B) of title 5, 
    United States Code, is amended by striking ``(including pursuant to 
    an agreement under section 211(d) of title 37)''.
    SEC. 633. LUMP SUM PAYMENTS OF CERTAIN RETIRED PAY.
    (a) Lump Sum Payments of Certain Retired Pay.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 71 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1415. Lump sum payment of certain retired pay
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Covered retired pay.--The term `covered retired pay' 
    means retired pay under--
            ``(A) this title;
            ``(B) title 14;
            ``(C) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
        Commissioned Officer Corps Act of 2002 (33 U.S.C. 3001 et 
        seq.); or
            ``(D) the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 201 et 
        seq.).
        ``(2) Eligible person.--The term `eligible person' means a 
    person who--
            ``(A)(i) first becomes a member of a uniformed service on 
        or after January 1, 2018; or
            ``(ii) makes the election described in section 
        1409(b)(4)(B) or 12739(f)(2) of this title; and
            ``(B) does not retire or separate under chapter 61 of this 
        title.
        ``(3) Retirement age.--The term `retirement age' has the 
    meaning given the term in section 216(l) of the Social Security Act 
    (42 U.S.C. 416(l)).
    ``(b) Election of Lump Sum Payment of Certain Retired Pay.--
        ``(1) In general.--An eligible person entitled to covered 
    retired pay (including an eligible person who is entitled to such 
    pay by reason of an election described in subsection (a)(2)(A)(ii)) 
    may elect to receive--
            ``(A) a lump sum payment of the discounted present value at 
        the time of the election of an amount of the covered retired 
        pay that the eligible person is otherwise entitled to receive 
        for the period beginning on the date of retirement and ending 
        on the date the eligible person attains the eligible person's 
        retirement age equal to--
                ``(i) 50 percent of the amount of such covered retired 
            pay during such period; or
                ``(ii) 25 percent of the amount of such covered retired 
            pay during such period; and
            ``(B) a monthly amount during the period described in 
        subparagraph (A) equal to--
                ``(i) in the case of an eligible person electing to 
            receive an amount described in subparagraph (A)(i), 50 
            percent of the amount of monthly covered retired pay the 
            eligible person is otherwise entitled to receive during 
            such period; and
                ``(ii) in the case of an eligible person electing to 
            receive an amount described in subparagraph (A)(ii), 75 
            percent of the amount of monthly covered retired pay the 
            eligible person is otherwise entitled to receive during 
            such period
        ``(2) Discounted present value.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    compute the discounted present value of amounts of covered retired 
    pay that an eligible person is otherwise entitled to receive for a 
    period for purposes of paragraph (1)(A) by--
            ``(A) estimating the aggregate amount of retired pay the 
        person would receive for the period, taking into account cost-
        of-living adjustments under section 1401a of this title 
        projected by the Secretary at the time the person separates 
        from service and would otherwise begin receiving covered 
        retired pay; and
            ``(B) reducing the aggregate amount estimated pursuant to 
        subparagraph (A) by an appropriate percentage determined by the 
        Secretary--
                ``(i) using average personal discount rates (as defined 
            and calculated by the Secretary taking into consideration 
            applicable and reputable studies of personal discount rates 
            for military personnel and past actuarial experience in the 
            calculation of personal discount rates under this 
            paragraph); and
                ``(ii) in accordance with generally accepted actuarial 
            principles and practices.
        ``(3) Timing of election.--An eligible person shall make the 
    election under this subsection not later than 90 days before the 
    date of the retirement of the eligible person from the uniformed 
    services.
        ``(4) Single payment or combination of payments.--An eligible 
    person may elect to receive a lump sum payment under this 
    subsection in a single payment or in a combination of payments.
        ``(5) Commencement of payment.--An eligible person who makes an 
    election under this subsection shall receive the lump sum payment, 
    or the first installment of a combination of payments of the lump 
    sum payment if elected under paragraph (4), as follows:
            ``(A) Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
        retirement of the eligible person from the uniformed services.
            ``(B) In the case of an eligible person who is a member of 
        a reserve component, not later than 60 days after the earlier 
        of--
                ``(i) the date on which the eligible person attains 60 
            years of age; or
                ``(ii) the date on which the eligible person first 
            becomes entitled to covered retired pay.
        ``(6) No subsequent adjustment.--An eligible person who accepts 
    payment of a lump sum under this subsection may not seek the review 
    of or otherwise challenge the amount of the lump sum in light of 
    any variation in cost-of-living adjustments under section 1401a of 
    this title, actuarial assumptions, or other factors used by the 
    Secretary in calculating the amount of the lump sum that occur 
    after the Secretary pays the lump sum.
    ``(c) Resumption of Monthly Annuity.--
        ``(1) General rule.--Subject to paragraph (2), an eligible 
    person who makes an election described in subsection (b)(1) shall 
    be entitled to receive the eligible person's monthly covered 
    retired pay calculated in accordance with paragraph (2) after the 
    eligible person attains the eligible person's retirement age.
        ``(2) Restoration of full retirement amount at retirement 
    age.--The retired pay of an eligible person who makes an election 
    described in subsection (a) shall be recomputed, effective on the 
    first day of the first month beginning after the person attains the 
    eligible person's retirement age, so as to be an amount equal to 
    the amount of covered retired pay to which the eligible person 
    would otherwise be entitled on that date if the annual increases, 
    in the retired pay of the eligible person made to reflect changes 
    in the Consumer Price Index, had been made in accordance with 
    section 1401a of this title.
    ``(d) Payment of Retired Pay to Persons Not Making Election.--An 
eligible person who does not make the election described in subsection 
(b)(1) shall be paid the retired pay to which the eligible person is 
otherwise entitled under the applicable provisions of law referred to 
in subsection (a)(1).
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense concerned shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out the provisions of this section.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 71 of such title is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new item:

``1415. Lump sum payment of certain retired pay.''.

        (3) Payments from department of defense military retirement 
    fund.--Section 1463(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking ``or 1414'' and inserting ``, 1414, or 1415''.
    (b) Offset of Veterans Pension and Compensation by Amount of Lump 
Sum Payments.--Section 5304 of title 38, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) Other than amounts payable under section 1413a or 1414 of 
title 10, the amount of pension and compensation benefits payable to a 
person under this title shall be reduced by the amount of any lump sum 
payment made to such person under section 1415 of title 10.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall collect any reduction under paragraph (1) 
from amounts otherwise payable to the person under this title, 
including pension and compensation payable under this title, before any 
pension and compensation payments under this title may be paid to the 
person.''.
    SEC. 634. CONTINUATION PAY FOR FULL TSP MEMBERS WITH 12 YEARS OF 
      SERVICE.
    (a) Continuation Pay.--Subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:
``Sec. 356. Continuation pay: full TSP members with 12 years of service
    ``(a) Continuation Pay.--The Secretary concerned shall make a 
payment of continuation pay to each full TSP member (as defined in 
section 8440e(a) of title 5) of the uniformed services under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary who--
        ``(1) completes 12 years of service; and
        ``(2) enters into an agreement with the Secretary to serve for 
    an additional 4 years of obligated service.
    ``(b) Amount.--The amount of continuation pay payable to a full TSP 
member under subsection (a) shall be the amount that is equal to--
        ``(1) in the case of a member of a regular component--
            ``(A) the monthly basic pay of the member at 12 years of 
        service multiplied by 2.5; plus
            ``(B) at the discretion of the Secretary concerned, the 
        monthly basic pay of the member at 12 years of service 
        multiplied by such number of months (not to exceed 13 months) 
        as the Secretary concerned shall specify in the agreement of 
        the member under subsection (a); and
        ``(2) in the case of a member of a reserve component--
            ``(A) the amount of monthly basic pay to which the member 
        would be entitled at 12 years of service if the member were a 
        member of a regular component multiplied by 0.5; plus
            ``(B) at the discretion of the Secretary concerned, the 
        amount of monthly basic pay described in subparagraph (A) 
        multiplied by such number of months (not to exceed 6 months) as 
        the Secretary concerned shall specify in the agreement of the 
        member under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Additional Discretionary Authority.--In addition to the 
continuation pay required under subsection (a), the Secretary concerned 
may provide continuation pay under this subsection to a full TSP member 
described in subsection (a), and subject to the service agreement 
referred to in paragraph (2) of such subsection, in an amount 
determined by the Secretary concerned.
    ``(d) Timing of Payment.--The Secretary concerned shall pay 
continuation pay under subsection (a) to a full TSP member when the 
member completes 12 years of service. If the Secretary concerned also 
provides continuation pay under subsection (c) to the member, that 
continuation pay shall be provided when the member completes 12 years 
of service.
    ``(e) Lump Sum or Installments.--A full TSP member may elect to 
receive continuation pay provided under subsection (a) or (c) in a lump 
sum or in a series of not more than four payments.
    ``(f) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--Continuation pay 
under this section is in addition to any other pay or allowance to 
which the full TSP member is entitled.
    ``(g) Repayment.--A full TSP member who receives continuation pay 
under this section (a) and fails to complete the obligated service 
required under such subsection shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 373 of this title.
    ``(h) Regulations.--Each Secretary concerned shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new item:

``356. Continuation pay: full TSP members with 12 years of service.''.
    SEC. 635. EFFECTIVE DATE AND IMPLEMENTATION.
    (a) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this part shall take 
effect on January 1, 2018.
    (b) Implementation.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretaries concerned, the Director of the 
    Office of Personnel Management, and the Federal Retirement Thrift 
    Investment Board shall each and jointly take appropriate actions to 
    ensure the full and effective implementation of the amendments made 
    by this part in order to ensure that members of the uniformed 
    services will be able to participate in the modernized retirement 
    plan provided by this part commencing on the date specified in 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Implementation plan.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the 
    Secretaries concerned shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
    Congress a report containing a plan to ensure the full and 
    effective commencement and operational implementation of the 
    amendments made by this part in accordance with paragraph (1).
    (c) Additional Technical and Conforming Amendments.--The report 
required by subsection (b) shall contain a draft of such legislation as 
may be necessary to make any additional technical and conforming 
changes to titles 10 and 37, United States Code, and other provisions 
of law that are required or should be made by reason of the amendments 
made by this part.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Natural Resources, the 
        Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and the Committee 
        on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on Energy 
        and Natural Resources, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs, and the Committee on Health, Education, 
        Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.
        (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 101 of title 37, United States Code.

                         PART II--OTHER MATTERS

    SEC. 641. DEATH OF FORMER SPOUSE BENEFICIARIES AND SUBSEQUENT 
      REMARRIAGES UNDER THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN.
    (a) In General.--Section 1448(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(7) Effect of death of former spouse beneficiary.--
            ``(A) Termination of participation in plan.--A person who 
        elects to provide an annuity to a former spouse under paragraph 
        (2) or (3) and whose former spouse subsequently dies is no 
        longer a participant in the Plan, effective on the date of 
        death of the former spouse.
            ``(B) Authority for election of new spouse beneficiary.--If 
        a person's participation in the Plan is discontinued by reason 
        of the death of a former spouse beneficiary, the person may 
        elect to resume participation in the Plan and to elect a new 
        spouse beneficiary as follows:
                ``(i) Married on the date of death of former spouse.--A 
            person who is married at the time of the death of the 
            former spouse beneficiary may elect to provide coverage to 
            that person's spouse. Such an election must be received by 
            the Secretary concerned within one year after the date of 
            death of the former spouse beneficiary.
                ``(ii) Marriage after death of former spouse 
            beneficiary.--A person who is not married at the time of 
            the death of the former spouse beneficiary and who later 
            marries may elect to provide spouse coverage. Such an 
            election must be received by the Secretary concerned within 
            one year after the date on which that person marries.
            ``(C) Effective date of election.--The effective date of 
        election under this paragraph shall be as follows:
                ``(i) An election under subparagraph (B)(i) is 
            effective as of the first day of the first calendar month 
            following the death of the former spouse beneficiary.
                ``(ii) An election under subparagraph (B)(ii) is 
            effective as of the first day of the first calendar month 
            following the month in which the election is received by 
            the Secretary concerned.
            ``(D) Level of coverage.--A person making an election under 
        subparagraph (B) may not reduce the base amount previously 
        elected.
            ``(E) Procedures.--An election under this paragraph shall 
        be in writing, signed by the participant, and made in such form 
        and manner as the Secretary concerned may prescribe.
            ``(F) Irrevocability.--An election under this paragraph is 
        irrevocable.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Paragraph (7) of section 1448(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with 
respect to any person whose former spouse beneficiary dies on or after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Applicability to Former Spouse Deaths Before Enactment.--
        (1) In general.--A person--
            (A) who before the date of the enactment of this Act had a 
        former spouse beneficiary under the Survivor Benefit Plan who 
        died before that date; and
            (B) who on the date of the enactment of this Act is 
        married,
    may elect to provide spouse coverage for such spouse under the 
    Plan, regardless of whether the person married such spouse before 
    or after the death of the former spouse beneficiary. Any such 
    election may only be made during the one-year period beginning on 
    the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) Effective date of election if married at least a year at 
    death former spouse.--If the person providing the annuity was 
    married to the spouse beneficiary for at least one year at the time 
    of the death of the former spouse beneficiary, the effective date 
    of such election shall be the first day of the first month after 
    the death of the former spouse beneficiary.
        (3) Other effective date.--If the person providing the annuity 
    married the spouse beneficiary after (or during the one-year period 
    preceding) the death of the former spouse beneficiary, the 
    effective date of the election shall be the first day of the first 
    month following the first anniversary of the person's marriage to 
    the spouse beneficiary.
        (4) Responsibility for premiums.--A person electing to 
    participate in the Plan under this subsection shall be responsible 
    for payment of all premiums due from the effective date of the 
    election.

   Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

    SEC. 651. PLAN TO OBTAIN BUDGET-NEUTRALITY FOR THE DEFENSE 
      COMMISSARY SYSTEM AND THE MILITARY EXCHANGE SYSTEM.
    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth a comprehensive 
plan to achieve by October 1, 2018, budget-neutrality in the delivery 
of commissary and exchange benefits while meeting the benchmarks set 
forth in subsection (c). In preparing the report, the Secretary shall 
consider the report required by section 634 of the Carl Levin and 
Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3406) and any other previous 
reports, studies, and surveys of matters appropriate to the report.
    (b) Report Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A description of any modifications to the commissary and 
    exchange benefit systems the Secretary considers appropriate to 
    obtain budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and exchange 
    benefits, including the following:
            (A) The establishment of common business processes, 
        practices, and systems to exploit synergies between the 
        operations of defense commissaries and exchanges and to 
        optimize the operations of the resale system and the benefits 
        provided by the commissaries and exchanges.
            (B) The privatization of the defense commissary system and 
        the military exchange system, in whole or in part.
            (C) Engagement of major commercial grocery retailers or 
        other private sector entities to determine their willingness to 
        provide eligible beneficiaries with discount savings on grocery 
        products and certain household goods.
            (D) The closure of commissaries in locations in close 
        proximity to other commissaries or in locations where 
        commercial alternatives, through major grocery retailers, may 
        be available.
        (2) An analysis of different pricing constructs to improve or 
    enhance the delivery of commissary and exchange benefits.
        (3) A description of the impact of any modifications described 
    pursuant to paragraph (1) on Morale, Welfare and Recreation (MWR) 
    quality-of-life programs.
        (4) Such recommendations for legislative action as the 
    Secretary considers appropriate to achieve by October 1, 2018, 
    budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and exchange 
    benefits while meeting the benchmarks set forth in subsection (c).
    (c) Benchmarks.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
ensure--
        (1) the maintenance of high levels of customer satisfaction in 
    the delivery of commissary and exchange benefits;
        (2) the provision of high quality products; and
        (3) the sustainment of discount savings to eligible 
    beneficiaries.
    (d) Comptroller General Assessment of Plan.--Not later than 120 
days after the submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report setting forth an assessment by the Comptroller General of the 
plan to achieve budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and 
exchange benefits while meeting the benchmarks set forth in subsection 
(c) as set forth in the report required by subsection (a).
    (e) Pilot Programs.--
        (1) Programs authorized.--After the reports required by 
    subsections (a) and (d) have been submitted as described in such 
    subsections, the Secretary may, notwithstanding any requirement in 
    chapter 147 of title 10, United States Code, conduct one or more 
    pilot programs to evaluate the feasibility and advisability of 
    processes and methods for achieving budget-neutrality in the 
    delivery of commissary and exchange benefits and other applicable 
    benchmarks in accordance with this section. The Secretary may 
    authorize any commissary or exchange, or private sector entity, 
    participating in any such pilot program to establish appropriate 
    prices in response to market conditions and customer demand, 
    provided that the level of savings required by paragraph (3) is 
    maintained.
        (2) Benchmarks.--If the Secretary conducts a pilot program 
    under this subsection, the Secretary shall establish specific, 
    measurable benchmarks for measuring success in the provision of 
    high quality grocery goods and products, discount savings to 
    patrons, and high levels of customer satisfaction while achieving 
    budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and exchange 
    benefits under the pilot program.
        (3) Required savings to patrons.--The Secretary shall ensure 
    that the level of savings to commissary and exchange patrons under 
    any pilot program under this subsection is not less than the level 
    of savings to such patrons before the implementation of such pilot 
    program, as follows:
            (A) Before commencing a pilot program the Secretary shall 
        establish a baseline of savings to patrons achieved for each 
        commissary or exchange to participate in such pilot program by 
        comparing prices charged by such commissary or exchange for a 
        representative market basket of goods to prices charged by 
        local competitors for the same market basket of goods.
            (B) After commencement of such pilot program, the Secretary 
        shall ensure that each commissary or exchange, or private 
        sector entity, participating in such pilot program conducts 
        market-basket price comparisons not less than once a month and 
        adjusts pricing as necessary to ensure that pricing achieves 
        savings to patrons under such pilot program that are reasonably 
        consistent with the baseline savings for the commissary or 
        exchange established pursuant to subparagraph (A).
        (4) Duration of authority.--The authority of the Secretary to 
    carry out a pilot program under this subsection shall expire on the 
    date that is five years after the date of the enactment of this 
    Act. However, if a pilot program achieves budget-neutrality in the 
    delivery of commissary and exchange benefits and other applicable 
    benchmarks, as measured using the benchmarks required by paragraph 
    (2), the Secretary may continue the pilot program for an additional 
    period of up to five years.
        (5) Reports.--
            (A) Initial reports.--If the Secretary conducts a pilot 
        program under this subsection, the Secretary shall, not later 
        than 30 days before commencing the pilot program, submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot program, including the 
        following:
                (i) A description of the pilot program.
                (ii) The provisions, if any, of chapter 147 of title 
            10, United States Code, that will be waived in the conduct 
            of the pilot program.
            (B) Final reports.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the completion of any pilot program under this subsection or 
        the date of the commencement of an extension of a pilot program 
        under paragraph (4), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot program, including the 
        following:
                (i) A description and assessment of the pilot program.
                (ii) Such recommendations for administrative or 
            legislative action as the Secretary considers appropriate 
            in light of the pilot program.
    SEC. 652. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON THE 
      COMMISSARY SURCHARGE, NON-APPROPRIATED FUND, AND PRIVATELY-
      FINANCED MAJOR CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report on the Commissary Surcharge, Non-
appropriated Fund and Privately-Financed Major Construction Program of 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) An assessment whether the Secretary of Defense has 
    established policies and procedures to ensure the timely submittal 
    to the committees of Congress referred to in subsection (a) of 
    notice on construction projects proposed to be funded through the 
    program referred to in that subsection.
        (2) An assessment whether the Secretaries of the military 
    departments have developed and implemented policies and procedures 
    to comply with the policies and directives of the Department of 
    Defense for the submittal to such committees of Congress of notice 
    on such construction projects.
        (3) An assessment whether the Secretary of Defense has 
    established policies and procedures to notify such committees of 
    Congress when such construction projects have been commenced 
    without notice to Congress.
        (4) An assessment whether construction projects described in 
    paragraph (3) have been completed before submittal of notice to 
    Congress as described in that paragraph and, if so, a list of such 
    projects.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

    SEC. 661. IMPROVEMENT OF FINANCIAL LITERACY AND PREPAREDNESS OF 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Sense of Congress on Financial Literacy and Preparedness of 
Members.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Secretary of Defense should strengthen arrangements 
    with other departments and agencies of the Federal Government and 
    nonprofit organizations in order to improve the financial literacy 
    and preparedness of members of the Armed Forces; and
        (2) the Secretaries of the military departments and the Chiefs 
    of Staff of the Armed Forces should provide support for the 
    financial literacy and preparedness training carried out under 
    section 992 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
    subsections (b), (c), and (d).
    (b) Provision of Financial Literacy and Preparedness Training.--
Subsection (a) of section 992 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Consumer 
    Education'' and inserting ``Financial Literacy Training'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``education'' in the matter 
    preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting ``financial literacy 
    training'';
        (3) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(2) Training under this subsection shall be provided to a member 
of the armed forces--
        ``(A) as a component of the initial entry training of the 
    member;
        ``(B) upon arrival at the first duty station of the member;
        ``(C) upon arrival at each subsequent duty station, in the case 
    of a member in pay grade E-4 or below or in pay grade O-3 or below;
        ``(D) on the date of promotion of the member, in the case of a 
    member in pay grade E-5 or below or in pay grade O-4 or below;
        ``(E) when the member vests in the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) 
    under section 8432(g)(2)(C) of title 5;
        ``(F) when the member becomes entitled to receive continuation 
    pay under section 356 of title 37, at which time the training shall 
    include, at a minimum, information on options available to the 
    member regarding the use of continuation pay;
        ``(G) at each major life event during the service of the 
    member, such as--
            ``(i) marriage;
            ``(ii) divorce;
            ``(iii) birth of first child; or
            ``(iv) disabling sickness or condition;
        ``(H) during leadership training;
        ``(I) during pre-deployment training and during post-deployment 
    training;
        ``(J) at transition points in the service of the member, such 
    as--
            ``(i) transition from a regular component to a reserve 
        component;
            ``(ii) separation from service; or
            ``(iii) retirement; and
        ``(K) as a component of periodically recurring required 
    training that is provided to the member at a military 
    installation.'';
        (4) in paragraph (3), by striking ``paragraph (2)(B)'' and 
    inserting ``paragraph (2)(J)''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall prescribe regulations setting 
forth any other events and circumstances (in addition to the events and 
circumstances described in paragraph (2)) upon which the training 
required by this subsection shall be provided.''.
    (c) Survey of Members' Financial Literacy and Preparedness.--Such 
section is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Financial Literacy and Preparedness Survey.--(1) The Director 
of the Defense Manpower Data Center shall annually include in the 
status of forces survey a survey of the status of the financial 
literacy and preparedness of members of the armed forces.
    ``(2) The results of the annual financial literacy and preparedness 
survey--
        ``(A) shall be used by each of the Secretaries concerned as a 
    benchmark to evaluate and update training provided under this 
    section; and
        ``(B) shall be submitted to the Committees on Armed Services of 
    the Senate and the House of Representatives.''.
    (d) Financial Services Defined.--Subsection (e) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (c)(1) of this section, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Health insurance, budget management, Thrift Savings Plan 
    (TSP), retirement lump sum payments (including rollover options and 
    tax consequences), and Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP).''.
    (e) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading .--The heading of such section is amended 
    to read as follows:
``Sec. 992. Financial literacy training: financial services''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 50 of such title is amended by striking the item related 
    to section 992 and inserting the following new item:

``992. Financial literacy training: financial services.''.

    (f) Implementations.--Not later than six months after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the military department 
concerned and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard 
is operating shall commence providing financial literacy training under 
section 992 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsections 
(b), (c), and (d) of this section, to members of the Armed Forces.
    SEC. 662. RECORDATION OF OBLIGATIONS FOR INSTALLMENT PAYMENTS OF 
      INCENTIVE PAYS, ALLOWANCES, AND SIMILAR BENEFITS WHEN PAYMENT IS 
      DUE.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 19 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1015. Recordation of installment payment obligations for 
    incentive pays and similar benefits
    ``(a) In General.--In the case of any pay, allowance, bonus, or 
other benefit described in subsection (b) that is paid to a member of 
the uniformed services on an installment basis, each installment 
payment shall be charged to appropriations that are available for 
obligation at the time such payment is payable.
    ``(b) Covered Pay and Benefits.--Subsection (a) applies to any 
incentive pay, special pay, or bonus, or similar periodic payment of 
pay or allowances, or of educational benefits or stipends, that is paid 
to a member of the uniformed services under this title or title 10.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 19 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new item:

``1015. Recordation of installment payment obligations for incentive 
          pays and similar benefits.''.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Access to TRICARE Prime for certain beneficiaries.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing for the TRICARE pharmacy 
          benefits program.
Sec. 703. Expansion of continued health benefits coverage to include 
          discharged and released members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Access to health care under the TRICARE program for 
          beneficiaries of TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 705. Expansion of reimbursement for smoking cessation services for 
          certain TRICARE beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments caused by 
          administrative error under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 712. Publication of data on patient safety, quality of care, 
          satisfaction, and health outcome measures under the TRICARE 
          program.
Sec. 713. Expansion of evaluation of effectiveness of the TRICARE 
          program to include information on patient safety, quality of 
          care, and access to care at military medical treatment 
          facilities.
Sec. 714. Portability of health plans under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Joint uniform formulary for transition of care.
Sec. 716. Licensure of mental health professionals in TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Designation of certain non-Department mental health care 
          providers with knowledge relating to treatment of members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive standards and access to contraception counseling 
          for members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Provision of transportation of dependent patients relating to 
          obstetrical anesthesia services.
Sec. 722. Extension of authority for DOD-VA Health Care Sharing 
          Incentive Fund.
Sec. 723. Extension of authority for joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 724. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 725. Pilot program on urgent care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 726. Pilot program on incentive programs to improve health care 
          provided under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 727. Limitation on availability of funds for Department of Defense 
          Healthcare Management Systems Modernization.
Sec. 728. Submittal of information to Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
          relating to exposure to airborne hazards and open burn pits.
Sec. 729. Plan for development of procedures to measure data on mental 
          health care provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 730. Report on plans to improve experience with and eliminate 
          performance variability of health care provided by the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 731. Comptroller General study on gambling and problem gambling 
          behavior among members of the Armed Forces.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

    SEC. 701. ACCESS TO TRICARE PRIME FOR CERTAIN BENEFICIARIES.
    Section 732(c)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (10 U.S.C. 1097a note) is amended to read as follows:
        ``(3) Residence at time of election.--
            ``(A) Except as provided by subparagraph (B), an affected 
        eligible beneficiary may not make the one-time election under 
        paragraph (1) if, at the time of such election, the beneficiary 
        does not reside--
                ``(i) in a ZIP code that is in a region described in 
            subsection (d)(1)(B); and
                ``(ii) within 100 miles of a military medical treatment 
            facility.
            ``(B) Subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not apply with respect to 
        an affected eligible beneficiary who--
                ``(i) as of December 25, 2013, resides farther than 100 
            miles from a military medical treatment facility; and
                ``(ii) is such an eligible beneficiary by reason of 
            service in the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps.''.
    SEC. 702. MODIFICATIONS OF COST-SHARING FOR THE TRICARE PHARMACY 
      BENEFITS PROGRAM.
    (a) Modification of Cost-sharing Amounts.--Subparagraph (A) of 
section 1074g(a)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in clause (i)--
            (A) in subclause (I), by striking ``$8'' and inserting 
        ``$10''; and
            (B) in subclause (II), by striking ``$20'' and inserting 
        ``$24''; and
        (2) in clause (ii)--
            (A) in subclause (II), by striking ``$16'' and inserting 
        ``$20''; and
            (B) in subclause (III), by striking ``$46'' and inserting 
        ``$49''.
    (b) Modification of COLA Increase.--Subparagraph (C) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) in clause (i), by striking ``Beginning October 1, 2013,'' 
    and inserting ``Beginning October 1, 2016,''; and
        (2) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following new 
    clause (ii):
    ``(ii) The amount of the increase otherwise provided for a year by 
clause (i) shall be computed as follows:
        ``(I) If the amount of the increase is equal to or greater than 
    50 cents, the amount of the increase shall be rounded to the 
    nearest multiple of $1.
        ``(II) If the amount of the increase is less than 50 cents, the 
    increase shall not be made for such year, but shall be carried over 
    to, and accumulated with, the amount of the increase for the 
    subsequent year or years and made when the aggregate amount of 
    increases under this clause for a year is equal to or greater than 
    50 cents.''.
    SEC. 703. EXPANSION OF CONTINUED HEALTH BENEFITS COVERAGE TO 
      INCLUDE DISCHARGED AND RELEASED MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 1078a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs 
    (3) through (5), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph (2):
        ``(2) A member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of 
    a reserve component of the armed forces who--
            ``(A) is discharged or released from service in the 
        Selected Reserve, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, under 
        other than adverse conditions, as characterized by the 
        Secretary concerned;
            ``(B) immediately preceding that discharge or release, is 
        enrolled in TRICARE Reserve Select; and
            ``(C) after that discharge or release, would not otherwise 
        be eligible for any benefits under this chapter.''.
    (b) Notification of Eligibility.--Subsection (c)(2) of such section 
is amended by inserting ``or subsection (b)(2)'' after ``subsection 
(b)(1)''.
    (c) Election of Coverage.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs 
    (3) through (5), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph (2):
        ``(2) In the case of a member described in subsection (b)(2), 
    the written election shall be submitted to the Secretary concerned 
    before the end of the 60-day period beginning on the later of--
            ``(A) the date of the discharge or release of the member 
        from service in the Selected Reserve; and
            ``(B) the date the member receives the notification 
        required pursuant to subsection (c).''.
    (d) Coverage of Dependents.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
amended by inserting ``or subsection (b)(2)'' after ``subsection 
(b)(1)''.
    (e) Period of Continued Coverage.--Subsection (g)(1) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) as 
    subparagraphs (C) through (E); and
        (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
    subparagraph (B):
        ``(B) in the case of a member described in subsection (b)(2), 
    the date which is 18 months after the date the member ceases to be 
    eligible to enroll in TRICARE Reserve Select;''.
    (f) TRICARE Reserve Select Defined.--Such section is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) TRICARE Reserve Select Defined.--In this section, the term 
`TRICARE Reserve Select' means TRICARE Standard coverage provided under 
section 1076d of this title.''.
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(3)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``subsection (b)(3)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b)(4)'';
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by subsection (c)(1), 
        by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (b)(3)'';
            (B) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(4)''; and
            (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (b)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(5)'';
        (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``subsection (b)(2) or 
    subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(3) or subsection 
    (b)(4)''; and
        (4) in subsection (g)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated by subsection 
            (e)(1), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and inserting 
            ``subsection (b)(3)'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (D), as so redesignated, by 
            striking ``subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection 
            (b)(4)''; and
                (iii) in subparagraph (E), as so redesignated, by 
            striking ``subsection (b)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection 
            (b)(5)'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)(B)'' and inserting 
            ``paragraph (1)(C)''; and
                (ii) by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and inserting 
            ``subsection (b)(3)''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)(C)'' and inserting 
            ``paragraph (1)(D)''; and
                (ii) by striking ``subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting 
            ``subsection (b)(4)''.
    SEC. 704. ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM FOR 
      BENEFICIARIES OF TRICARE PRIME.
    (a) Access to Health Care.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that beneficiaries under TRICARE Prime who are seeking an appointment 
for health care under TRICARE Prime shall obtain such an appointment 
within the health care access standards established under subsection 
(b), including through the use of health care providers in the 
preferred provider network of TRICARE Prime.
    (b) Standards for Access to Care.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish health care 
    access standards for the receipt of health care under TRICARE 
    Prime, whether received at military medical treatment facilities or 
    from health care providers in the preferred provider network of 
    TRICARE Prime.
        (2) Categories of care.--The health care access standards 
    established under paragraph (1) shall include standards with 
    respect to the following categories of health care:
            (A) Primary care, including pediatric care, maternity care, 
        gynecological care, and other subcategories of primary care.
            (B) Specialty care, including behavioral health care and 
        other subcategories of specialty care.
        (3) Modifications.--The Secretary may modify the health care 
    access standards established under paragraph (1) whenever the 
    Secretary considers the modification of such standards appropriate.
        (4) Publication.--The Secretary shall publish the health care 
    access standards established under paragraph (1), and any 
    modifications to such standards, in the Federal Register and on a 
    publicly accessible Internet website of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) TRICARE prime.--The term ``TRICARE Prime'' means the 
    managed care option of the TRICARE program.
        (2) TRICARE program.--The term ``TRICARE program'' has the 
    meaning given that term in section 1072(7) of title 10, United 
    States Code.
    SEC. 705. EXPANSION OF REIMBURSEMENT FOR SMOKING CESSATION SERVICES 
      FOR CERTAIN TRICARE BENEFICIARIES.
    Section 713(f) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4503; 10 U.S.C. 
1074 note) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``during fiscal year 
    2009'';
        (2) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``during such fiscal 
    year''; and
        (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``during fiscal year 2009'' 
    and inserting ``after September 30, 2008''.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

    SEC. 711. WAIVER OF RECOUPMENT OF ERRONEOUS PAYMENTS CAUSED BY 
      ADMINISTRATIVE ERROR UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1095f the following new section:
``Sec. 1095g. TRICARE program: waiver of recoupment of erroneous 
     payments caused by administrative error
    ``(a) Waiver of Recoupment.--The Secretary of Defense may waive 
recoupment from an individual who has benefitted from an erroneous 
TRICARE payment in a case in which each of the following applies:
        ``(1) The payment was made because of an administrative error 
    by an employee of the Department of Defense or a contractor under 
    the TRICARE program.
        ``(2) The individual (or in the case of a minor, the parent or 
    guardian of the individual) had a good faith, reasonable belief 
    that the individual was entitled to the benefit of such payment 
    under this chapter.
        ``(3) The individual relied on the expectation of such 
    entitlement.
        ``(4) The Secretary determines that a waiver of recoupment of 
    such payment is necessary to prevent an injustice.
    ``(b) Responsibility of Contractor.--In any case in which the 
Secretary waives recoupment under subsection (a) and the administrative 
error was on the part of a contractor under the TRICARE program, the 
Secretary shall, consistent with the requirements and procedures of the 
applicable contract, impose financial responsibility on the contractor 
for the erroneous payment.
    ``(c) Finality of Determinations.--Any determination by the 
Secretary under this section to waive or decline to waive recoupment 
under subsection (a) is a final determination and shall not be subject 
to appeal or judicial review.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 55 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 1095f the following new item:

``1095g. TRICARE program: waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments 
          caused by administrative error.''.
    SEC. 712. PUBLICATION OF DATA ON PATIENT SAFETY, QUALITY OF CARE, 
      SATISFACTION, AND HEALTH OUTCOME MEASURES UNDER THE TRICARE 
      PROGRAM.
    Section 1073b of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(c) Publication of Data on Patient Safety, Quality of Care, 
Satisfaction, and Health Outcome Measures.--(1) Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall publish on a 
publically available Internet website of the Department of Defense data 
on all measures that the Secretary considers appropriate that are used 
by the Department to assess patient safety, quality of care, patient 
satisfaction, and health outcomes for health care provided under the 
TRICARE program at each military medical treatment facility.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall publish an update to the data published 
under paragraph (1) not less frequently than once each quarter during 
each fiscal year.
    ``(3) The Secretary may not include data relating to risk 
management activities of the Department in any publication under 
paragraph (1) or update under paragraph (2).
    ``(4) The Secretary shall ensure that the data published under 
paragraph (1) and updated under paragraph (2) is accessible to the 
public through the primary Internet website of the Department and the 
primary Internet website of the military medical treatment facility 
with respect to which such data applies.''.
    SEC. 713. EXPANSION OF EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF THE TRICARE 
      PROGRAM TO INCLUDE INFORMATION ON PATIENT SAFETY, QUALITY OF 
      CARE, AND ACCESS TO CARE AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
      FACILITIES.
    Section 717(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note)) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), in the second 
    sentence, by striking ``address'';
        (2) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by inserting ``address'' before ``the impact of''; and
            (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a semicolon;
        (3) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) address patient safety, quality of care, and access to 
    care at military medical treatment facilities, including--
            ``(A) an identification of the number of practitioners 
        providing health care in military medical treatment facilities 
        that were reported to the National Practitioner Data Bank 
        during the year preceding the evaluation; and
            ``(B) with respect to each military medical treatment 
        facility, an assessment of--
                ``(i) the current accreditation status of such 
            facility, including any recommendations for corrective 
            action made by the relevant accrediting body;
                ``(ii) any policies or procedures implemented during 
            such year by the Secretary of the military department 
            concerned that were designed to improve patient safety, 
            quality of care, and access to care at such facility;
                ``(iii) data on surgical and maternity care outcomes 
            during such year;
                ``(iv) data on appointment wait times during such year; 
            and
                ``(v) data on patient safety, quality of care, and 
            access to care as compared to standards established by the 
            Department of Defense with respect to patient safety, 
            quality of care, and access to care.''.
    SEC. 714. PORTABILITY OF HEALTH PLANS UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) Health Plan Portability.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
    covered beneficiaries under the TRICARE program who are covered 
    under a health plan under such program are able to seamlessly 
    access health care under such health plan in each TRICARE program 
    region.
        (2) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prescribe regulations to 
    carry out paragraph (1).
    (b) Mechanisms To Ensure Portability.--In carrying out subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
        (1) establish a process for electronic notification of 
    contractors responsible for administering the TRICARE program in 
    each TRICARE region when any covered beneficiary intends to 
    relocate between such regions;
        (2) provide for the automatic electronic transfer between such 
    contractors of information relating to covered beneficiaries who 
    are relocating between such regions, including demographic, 
    enrollment, and claims information; and
        (3) ensure each such covered beneficiary is able to obtain a 
    new primary health care provider within ten days of--
            (A) arriving at the location to which the covered 
        beneficiary has relocated; and
            (B) initiating a request for a new primary health care 
        provider.
    (c) Publication.--The Secretary shall--
        (1) publish information on any modifications made pursuant to 
    subsection (a) with respect to the ability of covered beneficiaries 
    under the TRICARE program who are covered under a health plan under 
    such program to access health care in each TRICARE region on the 
    primary Internet website of the Department that is available to the 
    public; and
        (2) ensure that such information is made available on the 
    primary Internet website that is available to the public of each 
    current contractor responsible for administering the TRICARE 
    program.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given such terms 
in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 715. JOINT UNIFORM FORMULARY FOR TRANSITION OF CARE.
    (a) Joint Formulary.--Not later than June 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall jointly establish a 
joint uniform formulary for the Department of Veterans Affairs and the 
Department of Defense with respect to pharmaceutical agents that are 
critical for the transition of an individual from receiving treatment 
furnished by the Secretary of Defense to treatment furnished by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Selection.--The Secretaries shall select for inclusion on the 
joint uniform formulary established under subsection (a) pharmaceutical 
agents relating to--
        (1) the control of pain, sleep disorders, and psychiatric 
    conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder; and
        (2) any other conditions determined appropriate by the 
    Secretaries.
    (c) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2016, the Secretaries shall 
jointly submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
the joint uniform formulary established under subsection (a), including 
a list of the pharmaceutical agents selected for inclusion on the 
formulary.
    (d) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
prohibit the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
from each maintaining the respective uniform formularies of the 
Department of the Secretary.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the congressional defense committees; and
            (B) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate.
        (2) The term ``pharmaceutical agent'' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 1074g(g) of title 10, United States Code.
    (f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1074g(a)(2)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sentence: ``With respect to members of the uniformed services, such 
uniform formulary shall include pharmaceutical agents on the joint 
uniform formulary established under section 715 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.''.
    SEC. 716. LICENSURE OF MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS IN TRICARE 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Qualifications for TRICARE Certified Mental Health Counselors 
During Transition Period.--During the period preceding January 1, 2021, 
for purposes of determining whether a mental health care professional 
is eligible for reimbursement under the TRICARE program as a TRICARE 
certified mental health counselor, an individual who holds a masters 
degree or doctoral degree in counseling from a program that is 
accredited by a covered institution shall be treated as holding such 
degree from a mental health counseling program or clinical mental 
health counseling program that is accredited by the Council for 
Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``covered institution'' means any of the 
    following:
            (A) The Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior 
        Colleges Western Association of Schools and Colleges (ACCJC-
        WASC).
            (B) The Higher Learning Commission (HLC).
            (C) The Middle States Commission on Higher Education 
        (MSCHE).
            (D) The New England Association of Schools and Colleges 
        Commission on Institutions of Higher Education (NEASC-CIHE).
            (E) The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) 
        Commission on Colleges.
            (F) The WASC Senior College and University Commission 
        (WASC-SCUC).
            (G) The Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools 
        (ABHES).
            (H) The Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and 
        Colleges (ACCSC).
            (I) The Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and 
        Schools (ACICS).
            (J) The Distance Education Accreditation Commission (DEAC).
        (2) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 717. DESIGNATION OF CERTAIN NON-DEPARTMENT MENTAL HEALTH CARE 
      PROVIDERS WITH KNOWLEDGE RELATING TO TREATMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Mental Health Provider Readiness Designation.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
    system by which any non-Department mental health care provider that 
    meets eligibility criteria established by the Secretary relating to 
    the knowledge described in paragraph (2) receives a mental health 
    provider readiness designation from the Department of Defense.
        (2) Knowledge described.--The knowledge described in this 
    paragraph is the following:
            (A) Knowledge and understanding with respect to the culture 
        of members of the Armed Forces and family members and 
        caregivers of members of the Armed Forces.
            (B) Knowledge with respect to evidence-based treatments 
        that have been approved by the Department for the treatment of 
        mental health issues among members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Availability of Information on Designation.--
        (1) Registry.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
    update as necessary a publically available registry of all non-
    Department mental health care providers that are currently 
    designated under subsection (a)(1).
        (2) Provider list.--The Secretary shall update all lists 
    maintained by the Secretary of non-Department mental health care 
    providers that provide mental health care under the laws 
    administered by the Secretary by indicating the providers that are 
    currently designated under subsection (a)(1).
    (c) Non-Department Mental Health Care Provider Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``non-Department mental health care provider''--
        (1) means a health care provider who--
            (A) specializes in mental health;
            (B) is not a health care provider of the Department of 
        Defense at a facility of the Department; and
            (C) provides health care to members of the Armed Forces; 
        and
        (2) includes psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric nurses, 
    social workers, mental health counselors, marriage and family 
    therapists, and other mental health care providers designated by 
    the Secretary of Defense.
    SEC. 718. COMPREHENSIVE STANDARDS AND ACCESS TO CONTRACEPTION 
      COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Clinical Practice Guidelines.--
        (1) Establishment.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
    clinical practice guidelines for health care providers employed by 
    the Department of Defense on standards of care with respect to 
    methods of contraception and counseling on methods of contraception 
    for members of the Armed Forces.
        (2) Updates.--The Secretary shall from time to time update the 
    clinical practice guidelines established under paragraph (1) to 
    incorporate into such guidelines new or updated standards of care 
    with respect to methods of contraception and counseling on methods 
    of contraception.
    (b) Dissemination.--
        (1) Initial dissemination.--As soon as practicable, but 
    commencing not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
    of this Act, the Secretary shall provide for rapid dissemination of 
    the clinical practice guidelines to health care providers described 
    in subsection (a)(1).
        (2) Dissemination of updates.--As soon as practicable after 
    each update to the clinical practice guidelines made by the 
    Secretary pursuant to paragraph (2) of subsection (a), the 
    Secretary shall provide for the rapid dissemination of such updated 
    clinical practice guidelines to health care providers described in 
    paragraph (1) of such subsection.
        (3) Protocols.--The Secretary shall disseminate the clinical 
    practice guidelines under paragraph (1) and any updates to such 
    guidelines under paragraph (2) in accordance with administrative 
    protocols developed by the Secretary for such purpose.
    (c) Access to Contraception Counseling.--As soon as practicable 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall ensure 
that women members of the Armed Forces have access to comprehensive 
counseling on the full range of methods of contraception provided by 
health care providers described in subsection (a)(1) during health care 
visits, including visits as follows:
        (1) During predeployment health care visits, including 
    counseling that provides specific information women need regarding 
    the interaction between anticipated deployment conditions and 
    various methods of contraception.
        (2) During health care visits during deployment.
        (3) During annual physical examinations.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 721. PROVISION OF TRANSPORTATION OF DEPENDENT PATIENTS 
      RELATING TO OBSTETRICAL ANESTHESIA SERVICES.
    Section 1040(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subparagraph (F).
    SEC. 722. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR DOD-VA HEALTH CARE SHARING 
      INCENTIVE FUND.
    Section 8111(d)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2015'' and inserting ``September 30, 2020''.
    SEC. 723. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
      DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY DEMONSTRATION 
      FUND.
    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as amended by 
section 722 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291), is 
further amended by striking ``September 30, 2016'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2017''.
    SEC. 724. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR OFFICE OF THE 
      SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until 
the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
defense committees the report required by section 713(a)(2) of the Carl 
Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3414).
    SEC. 725. PILOT PROGRAM ON URGENT CARE UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) Pilot Program.--
        (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    carry out a pilot program to allow a covered beneficiary under the 
    TRICARE program access to urgent care visits without the need for 
    preauthorization for such visits.
        (2) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program 
    for a period of three years.
        (3) Incorporation of nurse advice line.--The Secretary shall 
    incorporate the nurse advise line of the Department into the pilot 
    program to direct covered beneficiaries seeking access to care to 
    the source of the most appropriate level of health care required to 
    treat the medical conditions of the beneficiaries, including urgent 
    care under the pilot program.
    (b) Publication.--The Secretary shall--
        (1) publish information on the pilot program under subsection 
    (a) for the receipt of urgent care under the TRICARE program--
            (A) on the primary publically available Internet website of 
        the Department; and
            (B) on the primary publically available Internet website of 
        each military medical treatment facility; and
        (2) ensure that such information is made available on the 
    primary publically available Internet website of each current 
    managed care contractor that has established a health care provider 
    network under the TRICARE program.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) First report.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the date on 
        which the pilot program under subsection (a) commences, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives and the Senate a report on the 
        pilot program.
            (B) Elements.--The report under subparagraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                (i) An analysis of urgent care use by covered 
            beneficiaries in military medical treatment facilities and 
            the TRICARE purchased care provider network.
                (ii) A comparison of urgent care use by covered 
            beneficiaries to the use by covered beneficiaries of 
            emergency departments in military medical treatment 
            facilities and the TRICARE purchased care provider network, 
            including an analysis of whether the pilot program 
            decreases the inappropriate use of medical care in 
            emergency departments.
                (iii) A determination of the extent to which the nurse 
            advice line of the Department affected both urgent care and 
            emergency department use by covered beneficiaries in 
            military medical treatment facilities and the TRICARE 
            purchased care provider network.
                (iv) An analysis of any cost savings to the Department 
            realized through the pilot program.
                (v) A determination of the optimum number of urgent 
            care visits available to covered beneficiaries without 
            preauthorization.
                (vi) An analysis of the satisfaction of covered 
            beneficiaries with the pilot program.
        (2) Second report.--Not later than two years after the date on 
    which the pilot program commences, the Secretary shall submit to 
    the committees specified in paragraph (1)(A) an update to the 
    report required by such paragraph, including any recommendations of 
    the Secretary with respect to extending or making permanent the 
    pilot program and a description of any related legislative actions 
    that the Secretary considers appropriate.
        (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
    which the pilot program is completed, the Secretary shall submit to 
    the committees specified in paragraph (1)(A) a final report on the 
    pilot program that updates the report required by paragraph (2).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given such terms 
in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 726. PILOT PROGRAM ON INCENTIVE PROGRAMS TO IMPROVE HEALTH 
      CARE PROVIDED UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall commence the 
conduct of a pilot program under section 1092 of title 10, United 
States Code, to assess whether a reduction in the rate of increase in 
health care spending by the Department of Defense and an enhancement of 
the operation of the military health system may be achieved by 
developing and implementing value-based incentive programs to encourage 
health care providers under the TRICARE program (including physicians, 
hospitals, and others involved in providing health care to patients) to 
improve the following:
        (1) The quality of health care provided to covered 
    beneficiaries under the TRICARE program.
        (2) The experience of covered beneficiaries in receiving health 
    care under the TRICARE program.
        (3) The health of covered beneficiaries.
    (b) Incentive Programs.--
        (1) Development.--In developing an incentive program under this 
    section, the Secretary shall--
            (A) consider the characteristics of the population of 
        covered beneficiaries affected by the incentive program;
            (B) consider how the incentive program would impact the 
        receipt of health care under the TRICARE program by such 
        covered beneficiaries;
            (C) establish or maintain an assurance that such covered 
        beneficiaries will have timely access to health care during 
        operation of the incentive program;
            (D) ensure that there are no additional financial costs to 
        such covered beneficiaries of implementing the incentive 
        program; and
            (E) consider such other factors as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
        (2) Elements.--With respect to an incentive program developed 
    and implemented under this section, the Secretary shall ensure 
    that--
            (A) the size, scope, and duration of the incentive program 
        is reasonable in relation to the purpose of the incentive 
        program; and
            (B) appropriate criteria and data collection are used to 
        ensure adequate evaluation of the feasibility and advisability 
        of implementing the incentive program throughout the TRICARE 
        program.
        (3) Use of existing models.--In developing an incentive program 
    under this section, the Secretary may adapt a value-based incentive 
    program conducted by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services 
    or any other governmental or commercial health care program.
    (c) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary to carry out the 
pilot program under this section shall terminate on December 31, 2019.
    (d) Reports.--
        (1) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than once each 
    year thereafter until the termination of the pilot program, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report on the pilot program.
        (2) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 2019, the 
    Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    final report on the pilot program.
        (3) Elements.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) or 
    paragraph (2) shall include the following:
            (A) An assessment of each incentive program developed and 
        implemented under this section, including whether such 
        incentive program--
                (i) improves the quality of health care provided to 
            covered beneficiaries, the experience of covered 
            beneficiaries in receiving health care under the TRICARE 
            program, or the health of covered beneficiaries;
                (ii) reduces the rate of increase in health care 
            spending by the Department of Defense; or
                (iii) enhances the operation of the military health 
            system.
            (B) Such recommendations for administrative or legislative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
        pilot program, including to implement any such incentive 
        program or programs throughout the TRICARE program.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given those 
terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 727. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION.
    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Department of Defense 
Healthcare Management Systems Modernization, not more than 75 percent 
may be obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense makes the certification required by section 713(g)(2) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
    SEC. 728. SUBMITTAL OF INFORMATION TO SECRETARY OF VETERANS AFFAIRS 
      RELATING TO EXPOSURE TO AIRBORNE HAZARDS AND OPEN BURN PITS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and periodically thereafter, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs such 
information in the possession of the Secretary of Defense as the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs considers necessary to supplement and 
support--
        (1) the development of information to be included in the 
    Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry established by the 
    Department of Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the Dignified 
    Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public 
    Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note); and
        (2) research and development activities conducted by the 
    Department of Veterans Affairs to explore the potential health 
    risks of exposure by members of the Armed Forces to environmental 
    factors in Iraq and Afghanistan, in particular the connection of 
    such exposure to respiratory illnesses such as chronic cough, 
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, constrictive bronchiolitis, 
    and pulmonary fibrosis.
    (b) Inclusion of Certain Information.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall include in the information submitted to the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs under subsection (a) information on any research and 
surveillance efforts conducted by the Department of Defense to evaluate 
the incidence and prevalence of respiratory illnesses among members of 
the Armed Forces who were exposed to open burn pits while deployed 
overseas.
    SEC. 729. PLAN FOR DEVELOPMENT OF PROCEDURES TO MEASURE DATA ON 
      MENTAL HEALTH CARE PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a plan for the 
Department of Defense to develop procedures to compile and assess data 
relating to the following:
        (1) Outcomes for mental health care provided by the Department.
        (2) Variations in such outcomes among different medical 
    facilities of the Department.
        (3) Barriers, if any, to the implementation by mental health 
    care providers of the Department of the clinical practice 
    guidelines and other evidence-based treatments and approaches 
    recommended for such providers by the Secretary.
    SEC. 730. REPORT ON PLANS TO IMPROVE EXPERIENCE WITH AND ELIMINATE 
      PERFORMANCE VARIABILITY OF HEALTH CARE PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT 
      OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Comprehensive Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a comprehensive report setting forth the current 
    and future plans of the Secretary, with estimated dates of 
    completion, to carry out the following:
            (A) To improve the experience of beneficiaries with health 
        care provided in military medical treatment facilities and 
        through purchased care.
            (B) To eliminate performance variability with respect to 
        the provision of such health care.
        (2) Elements.--The comprehensive report under paragraph (1) 
    shall include the plans of the Secretary of Defense, in 
    consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, as 
    follows:
            (A) To align performance measures for health care provided 
        in military medical treatment facilities with performance 
        measures for health care provided through purchased care.
            (B) To improve performance in the provision of health care 
        by the Department of Defense by eliminating performance 
        variability with respect to the provision of health care in 
        military medical treatment facilities and through purchased 
        care.
            (C) To use innovative, high-technology services to improve 
        access to care, coordination of care, and the experience of 
        care in military medical treatment facilities and through 
        purchased care.
            (D) To collect and analyze data throughout the Department 
        with respect to health care provided in military medical 
        treatment facilities and through purchased care to improve the 
        quality of such care, patient safety, and patient satisfaction.
            (E) To develop a performance management system, including 
        by adoption of common measures for access to care, quality of 
        care, safety, and patient satisfaction, that holds medical 
        leadership throughout the Department accountable for sustained 
        improvement of performance.
            (F) To use such other methods as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate to improve the experience of beneficiaries with and 
        eliminate performance variability with respect to health care 
        received from the Department.
    (b) Comptroller General Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the submission 
    of the comprehensive report required by subsection (a)(1), the 
    Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on the plans of the Secretary of Defense 
    set forth in the comprehensive report submitted under such 
    subsection.
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) An assessment of whether the plans included in the 
        comprehensive report submitted under subsection (a) will, with 
        respect to members of the Armed Forces and covered 
        beneficiaries under the TRICARE program--
                (i) improve health outcomes;
                (ii) create consistent health value; and
                (iii) ensure that such individuals receive quality 
            health care in all military medical treatment facilities 
            and through purchased care.
            (B) An assessment of whether such plans can be achieved 
        within the estimated dates of completion set forth by the 
        Department under such subsection.
            (C) An assessment of whether any such plan would require 
        legislation for the implementation of such plan.
            (D) An assessment of whether the Department of Defense has 
        adequately budgeted amounts to fund the carrying out of such 
        plans.
            (E) Metrics that can be used to evaluate the performance of 
        such plans.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``purchased care'' means health care provided 
    pursuant to a contract entered into under the TRICARE program.
        (2) The terms ``covered beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' 
    have the meaning given such terms in section 1072 of title 10, 
    United States Code.
    SEC. 731. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON GAMBLING AND PROBLEM 
      GAMBLING BEHAVIOR AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on gambling among members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
        (1) With respect to gaming facilities at military 
    installations, disaggregated by each military department, the 
    number, type, and location of such gaming facilities.
        (2) An assessment of the prevalence of and particular risks for 
    problem gambling among members of the Armed Forces, including such 
    recommendations for policies and programs to be carried out by the 
    Department to address problem gambling as the Comptroller General 
    considers appropriate.
        (3) An assessment of the ability and capacity of military 
    health care personnel to adequately diagnose and provide dedicated 
    treatment for problem gambling, including--
            (A) a comparison of treatment programs of the Department 
        for alcohol abuse, illegal substance abuse, and tobacco 
        addiction with treatment programs of the Department for problem 
        gambling; and
            (B) an assessment of whether additional training for 
        military health care personnel on providing treatment for 
        problem gambling would be beneficial.
        (4) An assessment of the financial counseling and related 
    services that are available to members of the Armed Forces and 
    dependents of such members who are affected by problem gambling.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the results of the study 
conducted under subsection (a).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Required review of acquisition-related functions of the Chiefs 
          of Staff of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 802. Role of Chiefs of Staff in the acquisition process.
Sec. 803. Expansion of rapid acquisition authority.
Sec. 804. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototyping and rapid 
          fielding.
Sec. 805. Use of alternative acquisition paths to acquire critical 
          national security capabilities.
Sec. 806. Secretary of Defense waiver of acquisition laws to acquire 
          vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 807. Acquisition authority of the Commander of United States Cyber 
          Command.
Sec. 808. Report on linking and streamlining requirements, acquisition, 
          and budget processes within Armed Forces.
Sec. 809. Advisory panel on streamlining and codifying acquisition 
          regulations.
Sec. 810. Review of time-based requirements process and budgeting and 
          acquisition systems.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Amendment relating to multiyear contract authority for 
          acquisition of property.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data and certification 
          requirements.
Sec. 813. Rights in technical data.
Sec. 814. Procurement of supplies for experimental purposes.
Sec. 815. Amendments to other transaction authority.
Sec. 816. Amendment to acquisition threshold for special emergency 
          procurement authority.
Sec. 817. Revision of method of rounding when making inflation 
          adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 821. Acquisition strategy required for each major defense 
          acquisition program, major automated information system, and 
          major system.
Sec. 822. Revision to requirements relating to risk management in 
          development of major defense acquisition programs and major 
          systems.
Sec. 823. Revision of Milestone A decision authority responsibilities 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 824. Revision of Milestone B decision authority responsibilities 
          for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 825. Designation of milestone decision authority.
Sec. 826. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          definition periods.
Sec. 827. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
          execution periods.
Sec. 828. Penalty for cost overruns.
Sec. 829. Streamlining of reporting requirements applicable to Assistant 
          Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering regarding 
          major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 830. Configuration Steering Boards for cost control under major 
          defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Repeal of requirement for stand-alone manpower estimates for 
          major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Revision to duties of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
          Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and the Deputy 
          Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Amendments to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund.
Sec. 842. Dual-track military professionals in operational and 
          acquisition specialities.
Sec. 843. Provision of joint duty assignment credit for acquisition 
          duty.
Sec. 844. Mandatory requirement for training related to the conduct of 
          market research.
Sec. 845. Independent study of implementation of defense acquisition 
          workforce improvement efforts.
Sec. 846. Extension of authority for the civilian acquisition workforce 
          personnel demonstration project.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 851. Procurement of commercial items.
Sec. 852. Modification to information required to be submitted by 
          offeror in procurement of major weapon systems as commercial 
          items.
Sec. 853. Use of recent prices paid by the Government in the 
          determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 854. Report on defense-unique laws applicable to the procurement of 
          commercial items and commercially available off-the-shelf 
          items.
Sec. 855. Market research and preference for commercial items.
Sec. 856. Limitation on conversion of procurements from commercial 
          acquisition procedures.
Sec. 857. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
          defense contractors as commercial items.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 861. Amendment to Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 862. Amendments to data quality improvement plan.
Sec. 863. Notice of contract consolidation for acquisition strategies.
Sec. 864. Clarification of requirements related to small business 
          contracts for services.
Sec. 865. Certification requirements for Business Opportunity 
          Specialists, commercial market representatives, and 
          procurement center representatives.
Sec. 866. Modifications to requirements for qualified HUBZone small 
          business concerns located in a base closure area.
Sec. 867. Joint venturing and teaming.
Sec. 868. Modification to and scorecard program for small business 
          contracting goals.
Sec. 869. Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the 
          Small Business Administration; petitions for reconsideration 
          of size standards.
Sec. 870. Additional duties of the Director of Small and Disadvantaged 
          Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Including subcontracting goals in agency responsibilities.
Sec. 872. Reporting related to failure of contractors to meet goals 
          under negotiated comprehensive small business subcontracting 
          plans.
Sec. 873. Pilot program for streamlining awards for innovative 
          technology projects.
Sec. 874. Surety bond requirements and amount of guarantee.
Sec. 875. Review of Government access to intellectual property rights of 
          private sector firms.
Sec. 876. Inclusion in annual technology and industrial capability 
          assessments of a determination about defense acquisition 
          program requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Consideration of potential program cost increases and schedule 
          delays resulting from oversight of defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 882. Examination and guidance relating to oversight and approval of 
          services contracts.
Sec. 883. Streamlining of requirements relating to defense business 
          systems.
Sec. 884. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 885. Amendments concerning detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
          electronic parts.
Sec. 886. Exception for AbilityOne products from authority to acquire 
          goods and services manufactured in Afghanistan, Central Asian 
          States, and Djibouti.
Sec. 887. Effective communication between government and industry.
Sec. 888. Standards for procurement of secure information technology and 
          cyber security systems.
Sec. 889. Unified information technology services.
Sec. 890. Cloud strategy for Department of Defense.
Sec. 891. Development period for Department of Defense information 
          technology systems.
Sec. 892. Revisions to pilot program on acquisition of military purpose 
          nondevelopmental items.
Sec. 893. Improved auditing of contracts.
Sec. 894. Sense of Congress on evaluation method for procurement of 
          audit or audit readiness services.
Sec. 895. Mitigating potential unfair competitive advantage of technical 
          advisors to acquisition programs.
Sec. 896. Survey on the costs of regulatory compliance.
Sec. 897. Treatment of interagency and State and local purchases when 
          the Department of Defense acts as contract intermediary for 
          the General Services Administration.
Sec. 898. Competition for religious services contracts.
Sec. 899. Pilot program regarding risk-based contracting for smaller 
          contract actions under the Truth in Negotiations Act.

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

    SEC. 801. REQUIRED REVIEW OF ACQUISITION-RELATED FUNCTIONS OF THE 
      CHIEFS OF STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Review Required.--The Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of 
Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps shall conduct a review of their current 
individual authorities provided in sections 3033, 5033, 8033, and 5043 
of title 10, United States Code, and other relevant statutes and 
regulations related to defense acquisitions for the purpose of 
developing such recommendations as the Chief concerned or the 
Commandant considers necessary to further or advance the role of the 
Chief concerned or the Commandant in the development of requirements, 
acquisition processes, and the associated budget practices of the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Reports.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Chief of Staff of 
the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air 
Force, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report containing, at a minimum, the 
following:
        (1) The recommendations developed by the Chief concerned or the 
    Commandant under subsection (a) and other results of the review 
    conducted under such subsection.
        (2) The actions the Chief concerned or the Commandant is 
    taking, if any, within the Chief's or Commandant's existing 
    authority to implement such recommendations.
    SEC. 802. ROLE OF CHIEFS OF STAFF IN THE ACQUISITION PROCESS.
    (a) Chiefs of Staff as Customer of Acquisition Process.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 149 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2546 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2546a. Customer-oriented acquisition system
    ``(a) Objective.--It shall be the objective of the defense 
acquisition system to meet the needs of its customers in the most cost-
effective manner practicable. The acquisition policies, directives, and 
regulations of the Department of Defense shall be modified as necessary 
to ensure the development and implementation of a customer-oriented 
acquisition system.
    ``(b) Customer.--The customer of the defense acquisition system is 
the armed force that will have primary responsibility for fielding the 
system or systems acquired. The customer is represented with regard to 
a major defense acquisition program by the Secretary of the military 
department concerned and the Chief of the armed force concerned.
    ``(c) Role of Customer.--The customer of a major defense 
acquisition program shall be responsible for balancing resources 
against priorities on the acquisition program and ensuring that 
appropriate trade-offs are made among cost, schedule, technical 
feasibility, and performance on a continuing basis throughout the life 
of the acquisition program.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 149 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 2546 the following new item:

``2546a. Customer-oriented acquisition system.''.

    (b) Responsibilities of Chiefs.--Section 2547(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (6) as paragraphs 
    (3) through (7), respectively;
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(2) Decisions regarding the balancing of resources and 
    priorities, and associated trade-offs among cost, schedule, 
    technical feasibility, and performance on major defense acquisition 
    programs.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (6), as redesignated by paragraph (1) of this 
    subsection, by striking ``The development'' and inserting ``The 
    development and management''.
    (c) Responsibilities of Military Deputies.--Section 908(d) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Duties of Principal Military Deputies.--Each Principal 
Military Deputy to a service acquisition executive shall be responsible 
for--
        ``(1) keeping the Chief of Staff of the Armed Force concerned 
    informed of the progress of major defense acquisition programs;
        ``(2) informing the Chief of Staff on a continuing basis of any 
    developments on major defense acquisition programs, which may 
    require new or revisited trade-offs among cost, schedule, technical 
    feasibility, and performance, including--
            ``(A) significant cost growth or schedule slippage; and
            ``(B) requirements creep (as defined in section 2547(c)(1) 
        of title 10, United States Code); and
        ``(3) ensuring that the views of the Chief of Staff on cost, 
    schedule, technical feasibility, and performance trade-offs are 
    strongly considered by program managers and program executive 
    officers in all phases of the acquisition process.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Joint requirements oversight council.--Section 181(d) of 
    title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
    following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Council shall seek, and strongly consider, the views of 
the Chiefs of Staff of the armed forces, in their roles as customers of 
the acquisition system, on matters pertaining to trade-offs among cost, 
schedule, technical feasibility, and performance under subsection 
(b)(1)(C) and the balancing of resources with priorities pursuant to 
subsection (b)(3).''.
        (2) Milestone a decisions.--The Chief of the Armed Force 
    concerned shall advise the milestone decision authority for a major 
    defense acquisition program of the Chief's views on cost, schedule, 
    technical feasibility, and performance trade-offs that have been 
    made with regard to the program, as provided in section 2366a(a)(2) 
    of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 823 of this 
    Act, prior to a Milestone A decision on the program.
        (3) Milestone b decisions.--The Chief of the Armed Force 
    concerned shall advise the milestone decision authority for a major 
    defense acquisition program of the Chief's views on cost, schedule, 
    technical feasibility, and performance trade-offs that have been 
    made with regard to the program, as provided in section 2366b(b)(3) 
    of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 824 of this 
    Act, prior to a Milestone B decision on the program.
        (4) Duties of chiefs.--
            (A) Section 3033(d)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 171'' and inserting ``sections 
        171 and 2547''.
            (B) Section 5033(d)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 171'' and inserting ``sections 
        171 and 2547''.
            (C) Section 5043(e)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 171'' and inserting ``sections 
        171 and 2547''.
            (D) Section 8033(d)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 171'' and inserting ``sections 
        171 and 2547''.
    SEC. 803. EXPANSION OF RAPID ACQUISITION AUTHORITY.
    Section 806(c) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Response to Combat Emergencies and Certain Urgent Operational 
Needs.--
        ``(1) Determination of need for rapid acquisition and 
    deployment.--(A) In the case of any supplies and associated support 
    services that, as determined in writing by the Secretary of 
    Defense, are urgently needed to eliminate a documented deficiency 
    that has resulted in combat casualties, or is likely to result in 
    combat casualties, the Secretary may use the procedures developed 
    under this section in order to accomplish the rapid acquisition and 
    deployment of the needed supplies and associated support services.
        ``(B) In the case of any supplies and associated support 
    services that, as determined in writing by the Secretary of 
    Defense, are urgently needed to eliminate a documented deficiency 
    that impacts an ongoing or anticipated contingency operation and 
    that, if left unfulfilled, could potentially result in loss of life 
    or critical mission failure, the Secretary may use the procedures 
    developed under this section in order to accomplish the rapid 
    acquisition and deployment of the needed supplies and associated 
    support services.
        ``(C)(i) In the case of any supplies and associated support 
    services that, as determined in writing by the Secretary of Defense 
    without delegation, are urgently needed to eliminate a deficiency 
    that as the result of a cyber attack has resulted in critical 
    mission failure, the loss of life, property destruction, or 
    economic effects, or if left unfilled is likely to result in 
    critical mission failure, the loss of life, property destruction, 
    or economic effects, the Secretary may use the procedures developed 
    under this section in order to accomplish the rapid acquisition and 
    deployment of the needed offensive or defensive cyber capabilities, 
    supplies, and associated support services.
        ``(ii) In this subparagraph, the term `cyber attack' means a 
    deliberate action to alter, disrupt, deceive, degrade, or destroy 
    computer systems or networks or the information or programs 
    resident in or transiting these systems or networks.
        ``(2) Designation of senior official responsible.--(A) Whenever 
    the Secretary makes a determination under subparagraph (A), (B), or 
    (C) of paragraph (1) that certain supplies and associated support 
    services are urgently needed to eliminate a deficiency described in 
    that subparagraph, the Secretary shall designate a senior official 
    of the Department of Defense to ensure that the needed supplies and 
    associated support services are acquired and deployed as quickly as 
    possible, with a goal of awarding a contract for the acquisition of 
    the supplies and associated support services within 15 days.
        ``(B) Upon designation of a senior official under subparagraph 
    (A), the Secretary shall authorize that official to waive any 
    provision of law, policy, directive, or regulation described in 
    subsection (d) that such official determines in writing would 
    unnecessarily impede the rapid acquisition and deployment of the 
    needed supplies and associated support services. In a case in which 
    the needed supplies and associated support services cannot be 
    acquired without an extensive delay, the senior official shall 
    require that an interim solution be implemented and deployed using 
    the procedures developed under this section to minimize adverse 
    consequences resulting from the urgent need.
        ``(3) Use of funds.--(A) In any fiscal year in which the 
    Secretary makes a determination described in subparagraph (A), (B), 
    or (C) of paragraph (1), the Secretary may use any funds available 
    to the Department of Defense for acquisitions of supplies and 
    associated support services if the determination includes a written 
    finding that the use of such funds is necessary to address the 
    deficiency in a timely manner.
        ``(B) The authority of this section may only be used to acquire 
    supplies and associated support services--
            ``(i) in the case of determinations by the Secretary under 
        paragraph (1)(A), in an amount aggregating not more than 
        $200,000,000 during any fiscal year;
            ``(ii) in the case of determinations by the Secretary under 
        paragraph (1)(B), in an amount aggregating not more than 
        $200,000,000 during any fiscal year; and
            ``(iii) in the case of determinations by the Secretary 
        under paragraph (1)(C), in an amount aggregating not more than 
        $200,000,000 during any fiscal year.
        ``(4) Notification to congressional defense committees.--(A) In 
    the case of a determination by the Secretary under paragraph 
    (1)(A), the Secretary shall notify the congressional defense 
    committees of the determination within 15 days after the date of 
    the determination.
        ``(B) In the case of a determination by the Secretary under 
    paragraph (1)(B) the Secretary shall notify the congressional 
    defense committees of the determination at least 10 days before the 
    date on which the determination is effective.
        ``(C) A notice under this paragraph shall include the 
    following:
            ``(i) The supplies and associated support services to be 
        acquired.
            ``(ii) The amount anticipated to be expended for the 
        acquisition.
            ``(iii) The source of funds for the acquisition.
        ``(D) A notice under this paragraph shall be sufficient to 
    fulfill any requirement to provide notification to Congress for a 
    new start program.
        ``(E) A notice under this paragraph shall be provided in 
    consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and 
    Budget.
        ``(5) Time for transitioning to normal acquisition system.--Any 
    acquisition initiated under this subsection shall transition to the 
    normal acquisition system not later than two years after the date 
    on which the Secretary makes the determination described in 
    paragraph (1) with respect to the supplies and associated support 
    services concerned.
        ``(6) Limitation on officers with authority to make a 
    determination.--The authority to make a determination under 
    subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1) may be exercised 
    only by the Secretary or Deputy Secretary of Defense.''.
    SEC. 804. MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION FOR RAPID PROTOTYPING AND 
      RAPID FIELDING.
    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in consultation with the 
Comptroller of the Department of Defense and the Vice Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall establish guidance for a ``middle tier'' 
of acquisition programs that are intended to be completed in a period 
of two to five years.
    (b) Acquisition Pathways.--The guidance required by subsection (a) 
shall cover the following two acquisition pathways:
        (1) Rapid prototyping.--The rapid prototyping pathway shall 
    provide for the use of innovative technologies to rapidly develop 
    fieldable prototypes to demonstrate new capabilities and meet 
    emerging military needs. The objective of an acquisition program 
    under this pathway shall be to field a prototype that can be 
    demonstrated in an operational environment and provide for a 
    residual operational capability within five years of the 
    development of an approved requirement.
        (2) Rapid fielding.--The rapid fielding pathway shall provide 
    for the use of proven technologies to field production quantities 
    of new or upgraded systems with minimal development required. The 
    objective of an acquisition program under this pathway shall be to 
    begin production within six months and complete fielding within 
    five years of the development of an approved requirement.
    (c) Expedited Process.--
        (1) In general.--The guidance required by subsection (a) shall 
    provide for a streamlined and coordinated requirements, budget, and 
    acquisition process that results in the development of an approved 
    requirement for each program in a period of not more than six 
    months from the time that the process is initiated. Programs that 
    are subject to the guidance shall not be subject to the Joint 
    Capabilities Integration and Development System Manual and 
    Department of Defense Directive 5000.01, except to the extent 
    specifically provided in the guidance.
        (2) Rapid prototyping.--With respect to the rapid prototyping 
    pathway, the guidance shall include--
            (A) a merit-based process for the consideration of 
        innovative technologies and new capabilities to meet needs 
        communicated by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant 
        commanders;
            (B) a process for developing and implementing acquisition 
        and funding strategies for the program;
            (C) a process for cost-sharing with the military 
        departments on rapid prototype projects, to ensure an 
        appropriate commitment to the success of such projects;
            (D) a process for demonstrating and evaluating the 
        performance of fieldable prototypes developed pursuant to the 
        program in an operational environment; and
            (E) a process for transitioning successful prototypes to 
        new or existing acquisition programs for production and 
        fielding under the rapid fielding pathway or the traditional 
        acquisition system.
        (3) Rapid fielding.--With respect to the rapid fielding 
    pathway, the guidance shall include--
            (A) a merit-based process for the consideration of existing 
        products and proven technologies to meet needs communicated by 
        the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant commanders;
            (B) a process for demonstrating performance and evaluating 
        for current operational purposes the proposed products and 
        technologies;
            (C) a process for developing and implementing acquisition 
        and funding strategies for the program; and
            (D) a process for considering lifecycle costs and 
        addressing issues of logistics support and system 
        interoperability.
        (4) Streamlined procedures.--The guidance for the programs may 
    provide for any of the following streamlined procedures:
            (A) The service acquisition executive of the military 
        department concerned shall appoint a program manager for such 
        program from among candidates from among civilian employees or 
        members of the Armed Forces who have significant and relevant 
        experience managing large and complex programs.
            (B) The program manager for each program shall report with 
        respect to such program directly, without intervening review or 
        approval, to the service acquisition executive of the military 
        department concerned.
            (C) The service acquisition executive of the military 
        department concerned shall evaluate the job performance of such 
        manager on an annual basis. In conducting an evaluation under 
        this paragraph, a service acquisition executive shall consider 
        the extent to which the manager has achieved the objectives of 
        the program for which the manager is responsible, including 
        quality, timeliness, and cost objectives.
            (D) The program manager of a defense streamlined program 
        shall be authorized staff positions for a technical staff, 
        including experts in business management, contracting, 
        auditing, engineering, testing, and logistics, to enable the 
        manager to manage the program without the technical assistance 
        of another organizational unit of an agency to the maximum 
        extent practicable.
            (E) The program manager of a defense streamlined program 
        shall be authorized, in coordination with the users of the 
        equipment and capability to be acquired and the test community, 
        to make trade-offs among life-cycle costs, requirements, and 
        schedules to meet the goals of the program.
            (F) The service acquisition executive, acting in 
        coordination with the defense acquisition executive, shall 
        serve as the milestone decision authority for the program.
            (G) The program manager of a defense streamlined program 
        shall be provided a process to expeditiously seek a waiver from 
        Congress from any statutory or regulatory requirement that the 
        program manager determines adds little or no value to the 
        management of the program.
    (d) Rapid Prototyping Fund.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
    fund to be known as the ``Department of Defense Rapid Prototyping 
    Fund'' to provide funds, in addition to other funds that may be 
    available for acquisition programs under the rapid prototyping 
    pathway established pursuant to this section. The Fund shall be 
    managed by a senior official of the Department of Defense 
    designated by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
    Technology, and Logistics. The Fund shall consist of amounts 
    appropriated to the Fund and amounts credited to the Fund pursuant 
    to section 828 of this Act.
        (2) Transfer authority.--Amounts available in the Fund may be 
    transferred to a military department for the purpose of carrying 
    out an acquisition program under the rapid prototyping pathway 
    established pursuant to this section. Any amount so transferred 
    shall be credited to the account to which it is transferred. The 
    transfer authority provided in this subsection is in addition to 
    any other transfer authority available to the Department of 
    Defense.
        (3) Congressional notice.--The senior official designated to 
    manage the Fund shall notify the congressional defense committees 
    of all transfers under paragraph (2). Each notification shall 
    specify the amount transferred, the purpose of the transfer, and 
    the total projected cost and estimated cost to complete the 
    acquisition program to which the funds were transferred.
    SEC. 805. USE OF ALTERNATIVE ACQUISITION PATHS TO ACQUIRE CRITICAL 
      NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures for 
alternative acquisition pathways to acquire capital assets and services 
that meet critical national security needs. The procedures shall--
        (1) be separate from existing acquisition procedures;
        (2) be supported by streamlined contracting, budgeting, and 
    requirements processes;
        (3) establish alternative acquisition paths based on the 
    capabilities being bought and the time needed to deploy these 
    capabilities; and
        (4) maximize the use of flexible authorities in existing law 
    and regulation.
    SEC. 806. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WAIVER OF ACQUISITION LAWS TO 
      ACQUIRE VITAL NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Defense is authorized to 
waive any provision of acquisition law or regulation described in 
subsection (c) for the purpose of acquiring a capability that would not 
otherwise be available to the Armed Forces of the United States, upon a 
determination that--
        (1) the acquisition of the capability is in the vital national 
    security interest of the United States;
        (2) the application of the law or regulation to be waived would 
    impede the acquisition of the capability in a manner that would 
    undermine the national security of the United States; and
        (3) the underlying purpose of the law or regulation to be 
    waived can be addressed in a different manner or at a different 
    time.
    (b) Designation of Responsible Official.--Whenever the Secretary of 
Defense makes a determination under subsection (a)(1) that the 
acquisition of a capability is in the vital national security interest 
of the United States, the Secretary shall designate a senior official 
of the Department of Defense who shall be personally responsible and 
accountable for the rapid and effective acquisition and deployment of 
the needed capability. The Secretary shall provide the designated 
official such authority as the Secretary determines necessary to 
achieve this objective, and may use the waiver authority in subsection 
(a) for this purpose.
    (c) Acquisition Laws and Regulations.--
        (1) In general.--Upon a determination described in subsection 
    (a), the Secretary of Defense is authorized to waive any provision 
    of law or regulation addressing--
            (A) the establishment of a requirement or specification for 
        the capability to be acquired;
            (B) research, development, test, and evaluation of the 
        capability to be acquired;
            (C) production, fielding, and sustainment of the capability 
        to be acquired; or
            (D) solicitation, selection of sources, and award of 
        contracts for the capability to be acquired.
        (2) Limitations.--Nothing in this subsection authorizes the 
    waiver of--
            (A) the requirements of this section;
            (B) any provision of law imposing civil or criminal 
        penalties; or
            (C) any provision of law governing the proper expenditure 
        of appropriated funds.
    (d) Report to Congress.--The Secretary of Defense shall notify the 
congressional defense committees at least 30 days before exercising the 
waiver authority under subsection (a). Each such notice shall include--
        (1) an explanation of the basis for determining that the 
    acquisition of the capability is in the vital national security 
    interest of the United States;
        (2) an identification of each provision of law or regulation to 
    be waived; and
        (3) for each provision identified pursuant to paragraph (2)--
            (A) an explanation of why the application of the provision 
        would impede the acquisition in a manner that would undermine 
        the national security of the United States; and
            (B) a description of the time or manner in which the 
        underlying purpose of the law or regulation to be waived will 
        be addressed.
    (e) Nondelegation.--The authority of the Secretary to waive 
provisions of laws and regulations under subsection (a) is 
nondelegable.
    SEC. 807. ACQUISITION AUTHORITY OF THE COMMANDER OF UNITED STATES 
      CYBER COMMAND.
    (a) Authority.--
        (1) In general.--The Commander of the United States Cyber 
    Command shall be responsible for, and shall have the authority to 
    conduct, the following acquisition activities:
            (A) Development and acquisition of cyber operations-
        peculiar equipment and capabilities.
            (B) Acquisition and sustainment of cyber capability-
        peculiar equipment, capabilities, and services.
        (2) Acquisition functions.--Subject to the authority, 
    direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the Commander 
    shall have authority to exercise the functions of the head of an 
    agency under chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Command Acquisition Executive.--
        (1) In general.--The staff of the Commander shall include a 
    command acquisition executive, who shall be responsible for the 
    overall supervision of acquisition matters for the United States 
    Cyber Command. The command acquisition executive shall have the 
    authority--
            (A) to negotiate memoranda of agreement with the military 
        departments and Department of Defense components to carry out 
        the acquisition of equipment, capabilities, and services 
        described in subsection (a)(1) on behalf of the Command;
            (B) to supervise the acquisition of equipment, 
        capabilities, and services described in subsection (a)(1);
            (C) to represent the Command in discussions with the 
        military departments regarding acquisition programs for which 
        the Command is a customer; and
            (D) to work with the military departments to ensure that 
        the Command is appropriately represented in any joint working 
        group or integrated product team regarding acquisition programs 
        for which the Command is a customer.
        (2) Delivery of acquisition solutions.--The command acquisition 
    executive of the United States Cyber Command shall be--
            (A) responsible to the Commander for rapidly delivering 
        acquisition solutions to meet validated cyber operations-
        peculiar requirements;
            (B) subordinate to the defense acquisition executive in 
        matters of acquisition;
            (C) subject to the same oversight as the service 
        acquisition executives; and
            (D) included on the distribution list for acquisition 
        directives and instructions of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Acquisition Personnel.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
    United States Cyber Command with the personnel or funding 
    equivalent to ten full-time equivalent personnel to support the 
    Commander in fulfilling the acquisition responsibilities provided 
    for under this section with experience in--
            (A) program acquisition;
            (B) the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development 
        System Process;
            (C) program management;
            (D) system engineering; and
            (E) costing.
        (2) Existing personnel.--The personnel provided under this 
    subsection shall be provided from among the existing personnel of 
    the Department of Defense.
    (d) Budget.--In addition to the activities of a combatant command 
for which funding may be requested under section 166 of title 10, 
United States Code, the budget proposal of the United States Cyber 
Command shall include requests for funding for--
        (1) development and acquisition of cyber operations-peculiar 
    equipment; and
        (2) acquisition and sustainment of other capabilities or 
    services that are peculiar to cyber operations activities.
    (e) Cyber Operations Procurement Fund.--In exercising the authority 
granted in subsection (a), the Commander may not obligate or expend 
more than $75,000,000 out of the funds made available in each fiscal 
year from 2016 through 2021 to support acquisition activities provided 
for under this section.
    (f) Rule of Construction Regarding Intelligence and Special 
Activities.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to constitute 
authority to conduct any activity which, if carried out as an 
intelligence activity by the Department of Defense, would require a 
notice to the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the 
Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives under title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
U.S.C. 3091 et seq.).
    (g) Implementation Plan Required.--The authority granted in 
subsection (a) shall become effective 30 days after the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense provides to the congressional defense 
committees a plan for implementation of those authorities under 
subsection (a). The plan shall include the following:
        (1) A Department of Defense definition of--
            (A) cyber operations-peculiar equipment and capabilities; 
        and
            (B) cyber capability-peculiar equipment, capabilities, and 
        services.
        (2) Summaries of the components to be negotiated in the 
    memorandum of agreements with the military departments and other 
    Department of Defense components to carry out the development, 
    acquisition, and sustainment of equipment, capabilities, and 
    services described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection 
    (a)(1).
        (3) Memorandum of agreement negotiation and approval timelines.
        (4) Plan for oversight of the command acquisition executive 
    established in subsection (b).
        (5) Assessment of the acquisition workforce needs of the United 
    States Cyber Command to support the authority in subsection (a) 
    until 2021.
        (6) Other matters as appropriate.
    (h) Annual End-of-year Assessment.--Each year, the Cyber Investment 
Management Board shall review and assess the acquisition activities of 
the United States Cyber Command, including contracting and acquisition 
documentation, for the previous fiscal year, and provide any 
recommendations or feedback to the acquisition executive of Cyber 
Command.
    (i) Sunset.--
        (1) In general.--The authority under this section shall 
    terminate on September 30, 2021.
        (2) Limitation on duration of acquisitions.--The authority 
    under this section does not include major defense acquisition 
    programs, major automated information system programs, or 
    acquisitions of foundational infrastructure or software 
    architectures the duration of which is expected to last more than 
    five years.
    SEC. 808. REPORT ON LINKING AND STREAMLINING REQUIREMENTS, 
      ACQUISITION, AND BUDGET PROCESSES WITHIN ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of 
Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on efforts to link and streamline the 
requirements, acquisition, and budget processes within the Army, Navy, 
Air Force, and Marine Corps, respectively.
    (b) Matters Included.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A specific description of--
            (A) the management actions the Chief concerned or the 
        Commandant has taken or plans to take to link and streamline 
        the requirements, acquisition, and budget processes of the 
        Armed Force concerned;
            (B) any reorganization or process changes that will link 
        and streamline the requirements, acquisition, and budget 
        processes of the Armed Force concerned; and
            (C) any cross-training or professional development 
        initiatives of the Chief concerned or the Commandant.
        (2) For each description under paragraph (1)--
            (A) the specific timeline associated with implementation;
            (B) the anticipated outcomes once implemented; and
            (C) how to measure whether or not those outcomes are 
        realized.
        (3) Any other matters the Chief concerned or the Commandant 
    considers appropriate.
    SEC. 809. ADVISORY PANEL ON STREAMLINING AND CODIFYING ACQUISITION 
      REGULATIONS.
    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish under 
the sponsorship of the Defense Acquisition University and the National 
Defense University an advisory panel on streamlining acquisition 
regulations.
    (b) Membership.--The panel shall be composed of at least nine 
individuals who are recognized experts in acquisition and procurement 
policy. In making appointments to the advisory panel, the Under 
Secretary shall ensure that the members of the panel reflect diverse 
experiences in the public and private sectors.
    (c) Duties.--The panel shall--
        (1) review the acquisition regulations applicable to the 
    Department of Defense with a view toward streamlining and improving 
    the efficiency and effectiveness of the defense acquisition process 
    and maintaining defense technology advantage; and
        (2) make any recommendations for the amendment or repeal of 
    such regulations that the panel considers necessary, as a result of 
    such review, to--
            (A) establish and administer appropriate buyer and seller 
        relationships in the procurement system;
            (B) improve the functioning of the acquisition system;
            (C) ensure the continuing financial and ethical integrity 
        of defense procurement programs;
            (D) protect the best interests of the Department of 
        Defense; and
            (E) eliminate any regulations that are unnecessary for the 
        purposes described in subparagraphs (A) through (D).
    (d) Administrative Matters.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
    advisory panel established pursuant to subsection (a) with timely 
    access to appropriate information, data, resources, and analysis so 
    that the advisory panel may conduct a thorough and independent 
    assessment as required under such subsection.
        (2) Inapplicability of faca.--The requirements of the Federal 
    Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the 
    advisory panel established pursuant to subsection (a).
    (e) Report.--
        (1) Panel report.--Not later than two years after the date on 
    which the Secretary of Defense establishes the advisory panel, the 
    panel shall transmit a final report to the Secretary.
        (2) Elements.--The final report shall contain a detailed 
    statement of the findings and conclusions of the panel, including--
            (A) a history of each current acquisition regulation and a 
        recommendation as to whether the regulation and related law (if 
        applicable) should be retained, modified, or repealed; and
            (B) such additional recommendations for legislation as the 
        panel considers appropriate.
        (3) Interim reports.--(A) Not later than 6 months and 18 months 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit a report to or brief the congressional defense 
    committees on the interim findings of the panel with respect to the 
    elements set forth in paragraph (2).
        (B) The panel shall provide regular updates to the Secretary of 
    Defense for purposes of providing the interim reports required 
    under this paragraph.
        (4) Final report.--Not later than 30 days after receiving the 
    final report of the advisory panel, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    transmit the final report, together with such comments as the 
    Secretary determines appropriate, to the congressional defense 
    committees.
    (f) Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund Support.--The 
Secretary of Defense may use amounts available in the Department of 
Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund established under 
section 1705 of title 10, United States Code, to support activities of 
the advisory panel under this section.
    SEC. 810. REVIEW OF TIME-BASED REQUIREMENTS PROCESS AND BUDGETING 
      AND ACQUISITION SYSTEMS.
    (a) Time-based Requirements Process.--The Secretary of Defense and 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall review the requirements 
process with the goal of establishing an agile and streamlined system 
that develops requirements that provide stability and foundational 
direction for acquisition programs and shall determine the advisability 
of providing a time-based or phased distinction between capabilities 
needed to be deployed urgently, within 2 years, within 5 years, and 
longer than 5 years.
    (b) Budgeting and Acquisition Systems.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall review and ensure that the acquisition and budgeting systems are 
structured to meet time-based or phased requirements in a manner that 
is predictable, cost effective, and efficient and takes advantage of 
emerging technological developments.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

    SEC. 811. AMENDMENT RELATING TO MULTIYEAR CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR 
      ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY.
    Subsection (a)(1) and subsection (i)(4) of section 2306b of title 
10, United States Code, are each amended by striking ``substantial'' 
and inserting ``significant''.
    SEC. 812. APPLICABILITY OF COST AND PRICING DATA AND CERTIFICATION 
      REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 2306a(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) to the extent such data--
                ``(i) relates to an offset agreement in connection with 
            a contract for the sale of a weapon system or defense-
            related item to a foreign country or foreign firm; and
                ``(ii) does not relate to a contract or subcontract 
            under the offset agreement for work performed in such 
            foreign country or by such foreign firm that is directly 
            related to the weapon system or defense-related item being 
            purchased under the contract.''.
    SEC. 813. RIGHTS IN TECHNICAL DATA.
    (a) Rights in Technical Data Relating to Major Weapon Systems.--
Paragraph (2) of section 2321(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) In the case of a challenge to a use or release restriction 
that is asserted with respect to technical data of a contractor or 
subcontractor for a major system or a subsystem or component thereof on 
the basis that the major weapon system, subsystem, or component was 
developed exclusively at private expense--
        ``(A) the presumption in paragraph (1) shall apply--
            ``(i) with regard to a commercial subsystem or component of 
        a major system, if the major system was acquired as a 
        commercial item in accordance with section 2379(a) of this 
        title;
            ``(ii) with regard to a component of a subsystem, if the 
        subsystem was acquired as a commercial item in accordance with 
        section 2379(b) of this title; and
            ``(iii) with regard to any other component, if the 
        component is a commercially available off-the-shelf item or a 
        commercially available off-the-shelf item with modifications of 
        a type customarily available in the commercial marketplace or 
        minor modifications made to meet Federal Government 
        requirements; and
        ``(B) in all other cases, the challenge to the use or release 
    restriction shall be sustained unless information provided by the 
    contractor or subcontractor demonstrates that the item was 
    developed exclusively at private expense.''.
    (b) Government-industry Advisory Panel.--
        (1) Establishment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through 
    the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
    Logistics, shall establish a Government-industry advisory panel for 
    the purpose of reviewing sections 2320 and 2321 of title 10, United 
    States Code, regarding rights in technical data and the validation 
    of proprietary data restrictions and the regulations implementing 
    such sections, for the purpose of ensuring that such statutory and 
    regulatory requirements are best structured to serve the interests 
    of the taxpayers and the national defense.
        (2) Membership.--The panel shall be chaired by an individual 
    selected by the Under Secretary, and the Under Secretary shall 
    ensure that--
            (A) the government members of the advisory panel are 
        knowledgeable about technical data issues and appropriately 
        represent the three military departments, as well as the legal, 
        acquisition, logistics, and research and development 
        communities in the Department of Defense; and
            (B) the private sector members of the advisory panel 
        include independent experts and individuals appropriately 
        representative of the diversity of interested parties, 
        including large and small businesses, traditional and non-
        traditional government contractors, prime contractors and 
        subcontractors, suppliers of hardware and software, and 
        institutions of higher education.
        (3) Scope of review.--In conducting the review required by 
    paragraph (1), the advisory panel shall give appropriate 
    consideration to the following factors:
            (A) Ensuring that the Department of Defense does not pay 
        more than once for the same work.
            (B) Ensuring that Department of Defense contractors are 
        appropriately rewarded for their innovation and invention.
            (C) Providing for cost-effective reprocurement, 
        sustainment, modification, and upgrades to Department of 
        Defense systems.
            (D) Encouraging the private sector to invest in new 
        products, technologies, and processes relevant to the missions 
        of the Department of Defense.
            (E) Ensuring that the Department of Defense has appropriate 
        access to innovative products, technologies, and processes 
        developed by the private sector for commercial use.
        (4) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the 
    advisory panel shall submit its final report and recommendations to 
    the Secretary of Defense. Not later than 60 days after receiving 
    the report, the Secretary shall submit a copy of the report, 
    together with any comments or recommendations, to the congressional 
    defense committees.
    SEC. 814. PROCUREMENT OF SUPPLIES FOR EXPERIMENTAL PURPOSES.
    (a) Additional Procurement Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 
2373 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``transportation, energy, medical, space-flight,'' before ``and 
aeronautical supplies''.
    (b) Applicability of Chapter 137 of Title 10, United States Code.--
Subsection (b) of such section is amended by striking ``only when such 
purchases are made in quantity'' and inserting ``only when such 
purchases are made in quantities greater than necessary for 
experimentation, technical evaluation, assessment of operational 
utility, or safety or to provide a residual operational capability''.
    SEC. 815. AMENDMENTS TO OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY.
    (a) Authority of the Department of Defense To Carry Out Certain 
Prototype Projects.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2371a the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2371b. Authority of the Department of Defense to carry out 
     certain prototype projects
    ``(a) Authority.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Director of the 
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Secretary of a military 
department, or any other official designated by the Secretary of 
Defense may, under the authority of section 2371 of this title, carry 
out prototype projects that are directly relevant to enhancing the 
mission effectiveness of military personnel and the supporting 
platforms, systems, components, or materials proposed to be acquired or 
developed by the Department of Defense, or to improvement of platforms, 
systems, components, or materials in use by the armed forces.
    ``(2) The authority of this section--
        ``(A) may be exercised for a prototype project that is expected 
    to cost the Department of Defense in excess of $50,000,000 but not 
    in excess of $250,000,000 (including all options) only upon a 
    written determination by the senior procurement executive for the 
    agency as designated for the purpose of section 1702(c) of title 
    41, or, for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency or the 
    Missile Defense Agency, the director of the agency that--
            ``(i) the requirements of subsection (d) will be met; and
            ``(ii) the use of the authority of this section is 
        essential to promoting the success of the prototype project; 
        and
        ``(B) may be exercised for a prototype project that is expected 
    to cost the Department of Defense in excess of $250,000,000 
    (including all options) only if--
            ``(i) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics determines in writing that--
                ``(I) the requirements of subsection (d) will be met; 
            and
                ``(II) the use of the authority of this section is 
            essential to meet critical national security objectives; 
            and
            ``(ii) the congressional defense committees are notified in 
        writing at least 30 days before such authority is exercised.
    ``(3) The authority of a senior procurement executive or director 
of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency or Missile Defense 
Agency under paragraph (2)(A), and the authority of the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics under paragraph 
(2)(B), may not be delegated.
    ``(b) Exercise of Authority.--
        ``(1) Subsections (e)(1)(B) and (e)(2) of such section 2371 
    shall not apply to projects carried out under subsection (a).
        ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, competitive procedures 
    shall be used when entering into agreements to carry out projects 
    under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Comptroller General Access to Information.--(1) Each 
agreement entered into by an official referred to in subsection (a) to 
carry out a project under that subsection that provides for payments in 
a total amount in excess of $5,000,000 shall include a clause that 
provides for the Comptroller General, in the discretion of the 
Comptroller General, to examine the records of any party to the 
agreement or any entity that participates in the performance of the 
agreement.
    ``(2) The requirement in paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect 
to a party or entity, or a subordinate element of a party or entity, 
that has not entered into any other agreement that provides for audit 
access by a Government entity in the year prior to the date of the 
agreement.
    ``(3)(A) The right provided to the Comptroller General in a clause 
of an agreement under paragraph (1) is limited as provided in 
subparagraph (B) in the case of a party to the agreement, an entity 
that participates in the performance of the agreement, or a subordinate 
element of that party or entity if the only agreements or other 
transactions that the party, entity, or subordinate element entered 
into with Government entities in the year prior to the date of that 
agreement are cooperative agreements or transactions that were entered 
into under this section or section 2371 of this title.
    ``(B) The only records of a party, other entity, or subordinate 
element referred to in subparagraph (A) that the Comptroller General 
may examine in the exercise of the right referred to in that 
subparagraph are records of the same type as the records that the 
Government has had the right to examine under the audit access clauses 
of the previous agreements or transactions referred to in such 
subparagraph that were entered into by that particular party, entity, 
or subordinate element.
    ``(4) The head of the contracting activity that is carrying out the 
agreement may waive the applicability of the requirement in paragraph 
(1) to the agreement if the head of the contracting activity determines 
that it would not be in the public interest to apply the requirement to 
the agreement. The waiver shall be effective with respect to the 
agreement only if the head of the contracting activity transmits a 
notification of the waiver to Congress and the Comptroller General 
before entering into the agreement. The notification shall include the 
rationale for the determination.
    ``(5) The Comptroller General may not examine records pursuant to a 
clause included in an agreement under paragraph (1) more than three 
years after the final payment is made by the United States under the 
agreement.
    ``(d) Appropriate Use of Authority.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that no official of an agency enters into a transaction 
(other than a contract, grant, or cooperative agreement) for a 
prototype project under the authority of this section unless one of the 
following conditions is met:
        ``(A) There is at least one nontraditional defense contractor 
    participating to a significant extent in the prototype project.
        ``(B) All significant participants in the transaction other 
    than the Federal Government are small businesses or nontraditional 
    defense contractors.
        ``(C) At least one third of the total cost of the prototype 
    project is to be paid out of funds provided by parties to the 
    transaction other than the Federal Government.
        ``(D) The senior procurement executive for the agency 
    determines in writing that exceptional circumstances justify the 
    use of a transaction that provides for innovative business 
    arrangements or structures that would not be feasible or 
    appropriate under a contract, or would provide an opportunity to 
    expand the defense supply base in a manner that would not be 
    practical or feasible under a contract.
    ``(2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the amounts 
counted for the purposes of this subsection as being provided, or to be 
provided, by a party to a transaction with respect to a prototype 
project that is entered into under this section other than the Federal 
Government do not include costs that were incurred before the date on 
which the transaction becomes effective.
    ``(B) Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by a party 
after the beginning of negotiations resulting in a transaction (other 
than a contract, grant, or cooperative agreement) with respect to the 
project before the date on which the transaction becomes effective may 
be counted for purposes of this subsection as being provided, or to be 
provided, by the party to the transaction if and to the extent that the 
official responsible for entering into the transaction determines in 
writing that--
        ``(i) the party incurred the costs in anticipation of entering 
    into the transaction; and
        ``(ii) it was appropriate for the party to incur the costs 
    before the transaction became effective in order to ensure the 
    successful implementation of the transaction.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `nontraditional defense contractor' has the 
    meaning given the term under section 2302(9) of this title.
        ``(2) The term `small business' means a small business concern 
    as defined under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
    632).
    ``(f) Follow-on Production Contracts or Transactions.--(1) A 
transaction entered into under this section for a prototype project may 
provide for the award of a follow-on production contract or transaction 
to the participants in the transaction.
    ``(2) A follow-on production contract or transaction provided for 
in a transaction under paragraph (1) may be awarded to the participants 
in the transaction without the use of competitive procedures, 
notwithstanding the requirements of section 2304 of this title, if--
        ``(A) competitive procedures were used for the selection of 
    parties for participation in the transaction; and
        ``(B) the participants in the transaction successfully 
    completed the prototype project provided for in the transaction.
    ``(3) Contracts and transactions entered into pursuant to this 
subsection may be awarded using the authority in subsection (a), under 
the authority of chapter 137 of this title, or under such procedures, 
terms, and conditions as the Secretary of Defense may establish by 
regulation.
    ``(g) Authority To Provide Prototypes and Follow-on Production 
Items as Government-furnished Equipment.--An agreement entered into 
pursuant to the authority of subsection (a) or a follow-on contract or 
transaction entered into pursuant to the authority of subsection (f) 
may provide for prototypes or follow-on production items to be provided 
to another contractor as Government-furnished equipment.
    ``(h) Applicability of Procurement Ethics Requirements.--An 
agreement entered into under the authority of this section shall be 
treated as a Federal agency procurement for the purposes of chapter 21 
of title 41.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 139 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 2371a the following new item:

``2371b. Authority of the Department of Defense to carry out certain 
          prototype projects.''.

    (b) Modification to Definition of Nontraditional Defense 
Contractor.--Section 2302(9) of such title is amended to read as 
follows:
        ``(9) The term `nontraditional defense contractor', with 
    respect to a procurement or with respect to a transaction 
    authorized under section 2371(a) or 2371b of this title, means an 
    entity that is not currently performing and has not performed, for 
    at least the one-year period preceding the solicitation of sources 
    by the Department of Defense for the procurement or transaction, 
    any contract or subcontract for the Department of Defense that is 
    subject to full coverage under the cost accounting standards 
    prescribed pursuant to section 1502 of title 41 and the regulations 
    implementing such section.''.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 845 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 
U.S.C. 2371 note) is hereby repealed. Transactions entered into under 
the authority of such section 845 shall remain in force and effect and 
shall be modified as appropriate to reflect the amendments made by this 
section.
    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--Subparagraph (B) of 
section 1601(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended to read 
as follows:
        ``(B) sections 2371 and 2371b of title 10, United States 
    Code.''.
    (e) Updated Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue updated 
guidance to implement the amendments made by this section.
    (f) Assessment Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an assessment of--
        (1) the benefits and risks of permitting not-for-profit defense 
    contractors to be awarded transaction agreements under section 
    2371b of title 10, United States Code, for the purposes of cost-
    sharing requirements of subsection (d)(1)(C) of such section; and
        (2) the benefits and risks of removing the cost-sharing 
    requirements of subsection (d)(1)(C) of such section in their 
    entirety.
    SEC. 816. AMENDMENT TO ACQUISITION THRESHOLD FOR SPECIAL EMERGENCY 
      PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY.
    Section 1903(b)(2) of title 41, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$250,000'' and inserting 
    ``$750,000''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$1,000,000'' and 
    inserting ``$1,500,000''.
    SEC. 817. REVISION OF METHOD OF ROUNDING WHEN MAKING INFLATION 
      ADJUSTMENT OF ACQUISITION-RELATED DOLLAR THRESHOLDS.
    Section 1908(e)(2) of title 41, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``on 
    the day before the adjustment'' and inserting ``as calculated under 
    paragraph (1)'';
        (2) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C); and
        (3) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the following 
    new subparagraphs:
            ``(D) not less than $1,000,000, but less than $10,000,000, 
        to the nearest $500,000;
            ``(E) not less than $10,000,000, but less than 
        $100,000,000, to the nearest $5,000,000;
            ``(F) not less than $100,000,000, but less than 
        $1,000,000,000, to the nearest $50,000,000; and
            ``(G) $1,000,000,000 or more, to the nearest 
        $500,000,000.''.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

    SEC. 821. ACQUISITION STRATEGY REQUIRED FOR EACH MAJOR DEFENSE 
      ACQUISITION PROGRAM, MAJOR AUTOMATED INFORMATION SYSTEM, AND 
      MAJOR SYSTEM.
    (a) Consolidation of Requirements Relating to Acquisition 
Strategy.--
        (1) New title 10 section.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2431 the 
    following new section:
``Sec. 2431a. Acquisition strategy
    ``(a) Acquisition Strategy Required.--There shall be an acquisition 
strategy for each major defense acquisition program, each major 
automated information system, and each major system approved by a 
milestone decision authority.
    ``(b) Responsible Official.--For each acquisition strategy required 
by subsection (a), the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics is responsible for issuing and maintaining 
the requirements for--
        ``(1) the content of the strategy; and
        ``(2) the review and approval process for the strategy.
    ``(c) Considerations.--(1) In issuing requirements for the content 
of an acquisition strategy for a major defense acquisition program, 
major automated information system, or major system, the Under 
Secretary shall ensure that--
        ``(A) the strategy clearly describes the proposed top-level 
    business and technical management approach for the program or 
    system, in sufficient detail to allow the milestone decision 
    authority to assess the viability of the proposed approach, the 
    method of implementing laws and policies, and program objectives;
        ``(B) the strategy contains a clear explanation of how the 
    strategy is designed to be implemented with available resources, 
    such as time, funding, and management capacity;
        ``(C) the strategy is tailored to address program requirements 
    and constraints; and
        ``(D) the strategy considers the items listed in paragraph (2).
    ``(2) Each strategy shall, where appropriate, consider the 
following:
        ``(A) An approach that delivers required capability in 
    increments, each depending on available mature technology, and that 
    recognizes up front the need for future capability improvements.
        ``(B) Acquisition approach, including industrial base 
    considerations in accordance with section 2440 of this title.
        ``(C) Risk management, including such methods as competitive 
    prototyping at the system, subsystem, or component level, in 
    accordance with section 2431b of this title.
        ``(D) Business strategy, including measures to ensure 
    competition at the system and subsystem level throughout the life-
    cycle of the program or system in accordance with section 2337 of 
    this title.
        ``(E) Contracting strategy, including--
            ``(i) contract type and how the type selected relates to 
        level of program risk in each acquisition phase;
            ``(ii) how the plans for the program or system to reduce 
        risk enable the use of fixed-price elements in subsequent 
        contracts and the timing of the use of those fixed price 
        elements;
            ``(iii) market research; and
            ``(iv) consideration of small business participation.
        ``(F) Intellectual property strategy in accordance with section 
    2320 of this title.
        ``(G) International involvement, including foreign military 
    sales and cooperative opportunities, in accordance with section 
    2350a of this title.
        ``(H) Multiyear procurement in accordance with section 2306b of 
    this title.
        ``(I) Integration of current intelligence assessments into the 
    acquisition process.
        ``(J) Requirements related to logistics, maintenance, and 
    sustainment in accordance with sections 2464 and 2466 of this 
    title.
    ``(d) Review.--(1) Subject to the authority, direction, and control 
of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics, the milestone decision authority shall review and approve, 
as appropriate, the acquisition strategy for a major defense 
acquisition program, major automated information system, or major 
system at each of the following times:
            ``(A) Milestone A approval.
            ``(B) The decision to release the request for proposals for 
        development of the program or system.
            ``(C) Milestone B approval.
            ``(D) Each subsequent milestone.
            ``(E) Review of any decision to enter into full-rate 
        production.
            ``(F) When there has been--
                ``(i) a significant change to the cost of the program 
            or system;
                ``(ii) a critical change to the cost of the program or 
            system;
                ``(iii) a significant change to the schedule of the 
            program or system; or
                ``(iv) a significant change to the performance of the 
            program or system.
            ``(G) Any other time considered relevant by the milestone 
        decision authority.
    ``(2) If the milestone decision authority revises an acquisition 
strategy for a program or system, the milestone decision authority 
shall provide notice of the revision to the congressional defense 
committees.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' has the 
    meaning provided in section 2430 of this title.
        ``(2) The term `major system' has the meaning provided in 
    section 2302(5) of this title.
        ``(3) The term `Milestone A approval' means a decision to enter 
    into technology maturation and risk reduction pursuant to guidance 
    prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the management of 
    Department of Defense acquisition programs.
        ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the meaning provided 
    in section 2366(e)(7) of this title.
        ``(5) The term `milestone decision authority', with respect to 
    a major defense acquisition program, major automated information 
    system, or major system, means the official within the Department 
    of Defense designated with the overall responsibility and authority 
    for acquisition decisions for the program or system, including 
    authority to approve entry of the program or system into the next 
    phase of the acquisition process.
        ``(6) The term `management capacity', with respect to a major 
    defense acquisition program, major automated information system, or 
    major system, means the capacity to manage the program or system 
    through the use of highly qualified organizations and personnel 
    with appropriate experience, knowledge, and skills.
        ``(7) The term `significant change to the cost', with respect 
    to a major defense acquisition program or major system, means a 
    significant cost growth threshold, as that term is defined in 
    section 2433(a)(4) of this title.
        ``(8) The term `critical change to the cost', with respect to a 
    major defense acquisition program or major system, means a critical 
    cost growth threshold, as that term is defined in section 
    2433(a)(5) of this title.
        ``(9) The term `significant change to the schedule', with 
    respect to a major defense acquisition program, major automated 
    information system, or major system, means any schedule delay 
    greater than six months in a reported event.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 2431 the following new item:

``2431a. Acquisition strategy.''.

    (b)  Additional Amendments.--
        (1) Section 2350a(e) of such title is amended--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Document'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for'' and all that follows through ``of the Board'' and 
        inserting ``opportunities for such cooperative research and 
        development shall be addressed in the acquisition strategy for 
        the project''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) by striking ``document'' and inserting 
                ``discussion''; and
                    (II) by striking ``include'' and inserting 
                ``consider'';

                (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``A statement 
            indicating whether'' and inserting ``Whether'';
                (iii) in subparagraph (B)--

                    (I) by striking ``by the Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics''; and
                    (II) by striking ``of the United States under 
                consideration by the Department of Defense''; and

                (iv) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``The 
            recommendation of the Under Secretary'' and inserting ``A 
            recommendation to the milestone decision authority''.
        (2) Section 803 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) 
    is repealed.
    SEC. 822. REVISION TO REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO RISK MANAGEMENT IN 
      DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS AND MAJOR 
      SYSTEMS.
    (a) Risk Management and Mitigation Requirements.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2431a (as added by section 
    821) the following new section:
``Sec. 2431b. Risk management and mitigation in major defense 
     acquisition programs and major systems
    ``(a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
initial acquisition strategy (required under section 2431a of this 
title) approved by the milestone decision authority and any subsequent 
revisions include the following:
        ``(1) A comprehensive approach for managing and mitigating risk 
    (including technical, cost, and schedule risk) during each of the 
    following periods or when determined appropriate by the milestone 
    decision authority:
            ``(A) The period preceding engineering manufacturing 
        development, or its equivalent.
            ``(B) The period preceding initial production.
            ``(C) The period preceding full-rate production.
        ``(2) An identification of the major sources of risk in each of 
    the periods listed in paragraph (1) to improve programmatic 
    decisionmaking and appropriately minimize and manage program 
    concurrency.
    ``(b) Approach to Manage and Mitigate Risks.--The comprehensive 
approach to manage and mitigate risk included in the acquisition 
strategy for purposes of subsection (a)(1) shall, at a minimum, include 
consideration of risk mitigation techniques such as the following:
        ``(1) Prototyping (including prototyping at the system, 
    subsystem, or component level and competitive prototyping, where 
    appropriate) and, if prototyping at either the system, subsystem, 
    or component level is not used, an explanation of why it is not 
    appropriate.
        ``(2) Modeling and simulation, the areas that modeling and 
    simulation will assess, and identification of the need for 
    development of any new modeling and simulation tools in order to 
    support the comprehensive strategy.
        ``(3) Technology demonstrations and decision points for 
    disciplined transition of planned technologies into programs or the 
    selection of alternative technologies.
        ``(4) Multiple design approaches.
        ``(5) Alternative designs, including any designs that meet 
    requirements but do so with reduced performance.
        ``(6) Phasing of program activities or related technology 
    development efforts in order to address high-risk areas as early as 
    feasible.
        ``(7) Manufacturability and industrial base availability.
        ``(8) Independent risk element assessments by outside subject 
    matter experts.
        ``(9) Schedule and funding margins for identified risks.
    ``(c) Preference for Prototyping.--To the maximum extent 
practicable and consistent with the economical use of available 
financial resources, the milestone decision authority for each major 
defense acquisition program shall ensure that the acquisition strategy 
for the program provides for--
        ``(1) the production of competitive prototypes at the system or 
    subsystem level before Milestone B approval; or
        ``(2) if the production of competitive prototypes is not 
    practicable, the production of single prototypes at the system or 
    subsystem level.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms `major defense 
acquisition program' and `major system' have the meanings provided in 
section 2431a of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 2431a, as so added, the following new item:

``2431b. Risk reduction in major defense acquisition programs and major 
          systems.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 203 of the Weapon 
Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is 
repealed.
    SEC. 823. REVISION OF MILESTONE A DECISION AUTHORITY 
      RESPONSIBILITIES FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Revision to Milestone a Requirements.--Section 2366a of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2366a. Major defense acquisition programs: determination 
     required before Milestone A approval
    ``(a) Responsibilities.--Before granting Milestone A approval for a 
major defense acquisition program or a major subprogram, the milestone 
decision authority for the program or subprogram shall ensure that--
        ``(1) information about the program or subprogram is sufficient 
    to warrant entry of the program or subprogram into the risk 
    reduction phase;
        ``(2) the Secretary of the military department concerned and 
    the Chief of the armed force concerned concur in the cost, 
    schedule, technical feasibility, and performance trade-offs that 
    have been made with regard to the program; and
        ``(3) there are sound plans for progression of the program or 
    subprogram to the development phase.
    ``(b) Written Determination Required.--A major defense acquisition 
program or subprogram may not receive Milestone A approval or otherwise 
be initiated prior to Milestone B approval until the milestone decision 
authority determines in writing, after consultation with the Joint 
Requirements Oversight Council on matters related to program 
requirements and military needs--
        ``(1) that the program fulfills an approved initial 
    capabilities document;
        ``(2) that the program has been developed in light of 
    appropriate market research;
        ``(3) if the program duplicates a capability already provided 
    by an existing system, the duplication provided by such program is 
    necessary and appropriate;
        ``(4) that, with respect to any identified areas of risk, there 
    is a plan to reduce the risk;
        ``(5) that planning for sustainment has been addressed and that 
    a determination of applicability of core logistics capabilities 
    requirements has been made;
        ``(6) that an analysis of alternatives has been performed 
    consistent with study guidance developed by the Director of Cost 
    Assessment and Program Evaluation;
        ``(7) that a cost estimate for the program has been submitted, 
    with the concurrence of the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation, and that the level of resources required to develop, 
    procure, and sustain the program is sufficient for successful 
    program execution; and
        ``(8) that the program or subprogram meets any other 
    considerations the milestone decision authority considers relevant.
    ``(c) Submission to Congress.--At the request of any of the 
congressional defense committees, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the committee an explanation of the basis for a determination made 
under subsection (b) with respect to a major defense acquisition 
program, together with a copy of the written determination. The 
explanation shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
classified annex.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' has the 
    meaning provided in section 2430 of this title.
        ``(2) The term `initial capabilities document' means any 
    capabilities requirement document approved by the Joint 
    Requirements Oversight Council that establishes the need for a 
    materiel approach to resolve a capability gap.
        ``(3) The term `Milestone A approval' means a decision to enter 
    into technology maturation and risk reduction pursuant to guidance 
    prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the management of 
    Department of Defense acquisition programs.
        ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the meaning provided 
    that term in section 2366(e)(7) of this title.
        ``(5) The term `core logistics capabilities' means the core 
    logistics capabilities identified under section 2464(a) of this 
    title.
        ``(6) the term `major subprogram' means a major subprogram of a 
    major defense acquisition program designated under section 
    2430a(a)(1) of this title.
        ``(7) The term `milestone decision authority', with respect to 
    a major defense acquisition program or a major subprogram, means 
    the official within the Department of Defense designated with the 
    overall responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions for 
    the program or subprogram, including authority to approve entry of 
    the program or subprogram into the next phase of the acquisition 
    process.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 2366a and inserting the following:

``2366a. Major defense acquisition programs: determination required 
          before Milestone A approval.''.
    SEC. 824. REVISION OF MILESTONE B DECISION AUTHORITY 
      RESPONSIBILITIES FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Revision to Milestone B Requirements.--Section 2366b of title 
10, United Stated Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2366b. Major defense acquisition programs: certification 
     required before Milestone B approval
    ``(a) Certifications and Determination Required.--A major defense 
acquisition program may not receive Milestone B approval until the 
milestone decision authority--
        ``(1) has received a preliminary design review and conducted a 
    formal post-preliminary design review assessment, and certifies on 
    the basis of such assessment that the program demonstrates a high 
    likelihood of accomplishing its intended mission;
        ``(2) further certifies that the technology in the program has 
    been demonstrated in a relevant environment, as determined by the 
    milestone decision authority on the basis of an independent review 
    and assessment by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research 
    and Engineering, in consultation with the Deputy Assistant 
    Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation;
        ``(3) determines in writing that--
            ``(A) the program is affordable when considering the 
        ability of the Department of Defense to accomplish the 
        program's mission using alternative systems;
            ``(B) appropriate trade-offs among cost, schedule, 
        technical feasibility, and performance objectives have been 
        made to ensure that the program is affordable when considering 
        the per unit cost and the total acquisition cost in the context 
        of the total resources available during the period covered by 
        the future-years defense program submitted during the fiscal 
        year in which the certification is made;
            ``(C) reasonable cost and schedule estimates have been 
        developed to execute, with the concurrence of the Director of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, the product development 
        and production plan under the program; and
            ``(D) funding is available to execute the product 
        development and production plan under the program, through the 
        period covered by the future-years defense program submitted 
        during the fiscal year in which the certification is made, 
        consistent with the estimates described in subparagraph (C) for 
        the program;
            ``(E) appropriate market research has been conducted prior 
        to technology development to reduce duplication of existing 
        technology and products;
            ``(F) the Department of Defense has completed an analysis 
        of alternatives with respect to the program;
            ``(G) the Joint Requirements Oversight Council has 
        accomplished its duties with respect to the program pursuant to 
        section 181(b) of this title, including an analysis of the 
        operational requirements for the program;
            ``(H) life-cycle sustainment planning, including corrosion 
        prevention and mitigation planning, has identified and 
        evaluated relevant sustainment costs throughout development, 
        production, operation, sustainment, and disposal of the 
        program, and any alternatives, and that such costs are 
        reasonable and have been accurately estimated;
            ``(I) an estimate has been made of the requirements for 
        core logistics capabilities and the associated sustaining 
        workloads required to support such requirements;
            ``(J) there is a plan to mitigate and account for any costs 
        in connection with any anticipated de-certification of 
        cryptographic systems and components during the production and 
        procurement of the major defense acquisition program to be 
        acquired;
            ``(K) the program complies with all relevant policies, 
        regulations, and directives of the Department of Defense; and
            ``(L) the Secretary of the military department concerned 
        and the Chief of the armed force concerned concur in the trade-
        offs made in accordance with subparagraph (B); and
        ``(4) in the case of a space system, performs a cost benefit 
    analysis for any new or follow-on satellite system using a 
    dedicated ground control system instead of a shared ground control 
    system, except that no cost benefit analysis is required to be 
    performed under this paragraph for any Milestone B approval of a 
    space system after December 31, 2019.
    ``(b) Changes to Certifications or Determination.--(1) The program 
manager for a major defense acquisition program that has received 
certifications or a determination under subsection (a) shall 
immediately notify the milestone decision authority of any changes to 
the program or a designated major subprogram of such program that--
        ``(A) alter the substantive basis for the certifications or 
    determination of the milestone decision authority relating to any 
    component of such certifications or determination specified in 
    paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a); or
        ``(B) otherwise cause the program or subprogram to deviate 
    significantly from the material provided to the milestone decision 
    authority in support of such certifications or determination.
    ``(2) Upon receipt of information under paragraph (1), the 
milestone decision authority may withdraw the certifications or 
determination concerned or rescind Milestone B approval if the 
milestone decision authority determines that such certifications, 
determination, or approval are no longer valid.
    ``(c) Submission to Congress.--(1) The certifications and 
determination under subsection (a) with respect to a major defense 
acquisition program shall be submitted to the congressional defense 
committees with the first Selected Acquisition Report submitted under 
section 2432 of this title after completion of the certification.
    ``(2) The milestone decision authority shall retain records of the 
basis for the certifications and determination under paragraphs (1), 
(2), and (3) of subsection (a).
    ``(3) At the request of any of the congressional defense 
committees, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the committee an 
explanation of the basis for the certifications and determination under 
paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (a) with respect to a major 
defense acquisition program. The explanation shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    ``(d) Waiver for National Security.--(1) The milestone decision 
authority may, at the time of Milestone B approval or at the time that 
such milestone decision authority withdraws a certification or rescinds 
Milestone B approval pursuant to subsection (b)(2), waive the 
applicability to a major defense acquisition program of one or more 
components (as specified in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection 
(a)) of the certification and determination requirements if the 
milestone decision authority determines that, but for such a waiver, 
the Department would be unable to meet critical national security 
objectives.
    ``(2) Whenever the milestone decision authority makes such a 
determination and authorizes such a waiver--
        ``(A) the waiver, the waiver determination, and the reasons for 
    the waiver determination shall be submitted in writing to the 
    congressional defense committees within 30 days after the waiver is 
    authorized; and
        ``(B) the milestone decision authority shall review the program 
    not less often than annually to determine the extent to which such 
    program currently satisfies the certification and determination 
    components specified in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subsection 
    (a) until such time as the milestone decision authority determines 
    that the program satisfies all such certification and determination 
    components.
    ``(3) The requirement in paragraph (2)(B) shall not apply to a 
program for which a certification was required pursuant to section 
2433a(c) of this title if the milestone decision authority--
        ``(A) determines in writing that--
            ``(i) the program has reached a stage in the acquisition 
        process at which it would not be practicable to meet the 
        certification component that was waived; and
            ``(ii) the milestone decision authority has taken 
        appropriate alternative actions to address the underlying 
        purposes of such certification component; and
        ``(B) submits the written determination, and an explanation of 
    the basis for the determination, to the congressional defense 
    committees.
    ``(e) Designation of Certification Status in Budget 
Documentation.--Any budget request, budget justification material, 
budget display, reprogramming request, Selected Acquisition Report, or 
other budget documentation or performance report submitted by the 
Secretary of Defense to the President regarding a major defense 
acquisition program receiving a waiver pursuant to subsection (d) shall 
prominently and clearly indicate that such program has not fully 
satisfied the certification requirements of this section until such 
time as the milestone decision authority makes the determination that 
such program has satisfied all such certification requirements.
    ``(f) Nondelegation.--The milestone decision authority may not 
delegate the certification requirement under subsection (a) or the 
authority to waive any component of such requirement under subsection 
(d).
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' means a 
    Department of Defense acquisition program that is a major defense 
    acquisition program for purposes of section 2430 of this title.
        ``(2) The term `designated major subprogram' means a major 
    subprogram of a major defense acquisition program designated under 
    section 2430a(a)(1) of this title.
        ``(3) The term `milestone decision authority', with respect to 
    a major defense acquisition program, means the official within the 
    Department of Defense designated with the overall responsibility 
    and authority for acquisition decisions for the program, including 
    authority to approve entry of the program into the next phase of 
    the acquisition process.
        ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the meaning provided 
    that term in section 2366(e)(7) of this title.
        ``(5) The term `core logistics capabilities' means the core 
    logistics capabilities identified under section 2464(a) of this 
    title.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2334(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended in paragraph (6)(A)(i) by striking ``any 
certification under'' and inserting ``any decision to grant milestone 
approval pursuant to''.
    SEC. 825. DESIGNATION OF MILESTONE DECISION AUTHORITY.
    (a) In General.--Section 2430 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) The milestone decision authority for a major defense 
acquisition program reaching Milestone A after October 1, 2016, shall 
be the service acquisition executive of the military department that is 
managing the program, unless the Secretary of Defense designates, under 
paragraph (2), another official to serve as the milestone decision 
authority.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may designate an alternate milestone 
decision authority for a program with respect to which--
        ``(A) the Secretary determines that the program is addressing a 
    joint requirement;
        ``(B) the Secretary determines that the program is best managed 
    by a Defense Agency;
        ``(C) the program has incurred a unit cost increase greater 
    than the significant cost threshold or critical cost threshold 
    under section 2433 of this title;
        ``(D) the program is critical to a major interagency 
    requirement or technology development effort, or has significant 
    international partner involvement; or
        ``(E) the Secretary determines that an alternate official 
    serving as the milestone decision authority will best provide for 
    the program to achieve desired cost, schedule, and performance 
    outcomes.
    ``(3)(A) After designating an alternate milestone decision 
authority under paragraph (2) for a program, the Secretary of Defense 
may revert the position of milestone decision authority for the program 
back to the service acquisition executive upon request of the Secretary 
of the military department concerned. A decision on the request shall 
be made within 180 days after receipt of the request from the Secretary 
of the military department concerned.
    ``(B) If the Secretary of Defense denies the request for reversion 
of the milestone decision authority back to the service acquisition 
executive, the Secretary shall report to the congressional defense 
committees on the basis of the Secretary's decision that an alternate 
official serving as milestone decision authority will best provide for 
the program to achieve desired cost, schedule, and performance 
outcomes. No such reversion is authorized after a program has incurred 
a unit cost increase greater than the significant cost threshold or 
critical cost threshold under section 2433 of this title, except in 
exceptional circumstances.
    ``(4)(A) For each major defense acquisition program, the Secretary 
of the military department concerned and the Chief of the armed force 
concerned shall, in each Selected Acquisition Report required under 
section 2432 of this title, certify that program requirements are 
stable and funding is adequate to meet cost, schedule, and performance 
objectives for the program and identify and report to the congressional 
defense committees on any increased risk to the program since the last 
report.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall review the acquisition 
oversight process for major defense acquisition programs and shall 
limit outside requirements for documentation to an absolute minimum on 
those programs where the service acquisition executive of the military 
department that is managing the program is the milestone decision 
authority and ensure that any policies, procedures, and activities 
related to oversight efforts conducted outside of the military 
departments with regard to major defense acquisition programs shall be 
implemented in a manner that does not unnecessarily increase program 
costs or impede program schedules.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 133(b)(5) of such title is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, 
except that the Under Secretary shall exercise advisory authority, 
subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of 
Defense, over service acquisition programs for which the service 
acquisition executive is the milestone decision authority''.
    (c) Implementation.--
        (1) Implementation plan.--Not later than 180 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for 
    implementing subsection (d) of section 2430 of title 10, United 
    States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section.
        (2) Guidance.--The Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
    Department of Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the service 
    acquisition executives, shall issue guidance to ensure that by not 
    later than October 1, 2016, the acquisition policy, guidance, and 
    practices of the Department of Defense conform to the requirements 
    of subsection (d) of section 2430 of title 10, United States Code, 
    as added by subsection (a) of this section. The guidance shall be 
    designed to ensure a streamlined decisionmaking and approval 
    process and to minimize any information requests, consistent with 
    the requirement of paragraph (4)(A) of such subsection (d).
        (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by subsections (a) and 
    (b) shall take effect on October 1, 2016.
    SEC. 826. TENURE AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF PROGRAM MANAGERS FOR PROGRAM 
      DEFINITION PERIODS.
    (a) Revised Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
revise Department of Defense guidance for major defense acquisition 
programs to address the tenure and accountability of program managers 
for the program definition period of major defense acquisition 
programs.
    (b) Program Definition Period.--For the purposes of this section, 
the term ``program definition period'', with respect to a major defense 
acquisition program, means the period beginning with initiation of the 
program and ending with Milestone B approval (or Key Decision Point B 
approval in the case of a space program).
    (c) Responsibilities.--The revised guidance required by subsection 
(a) shall provide that the program manager for the program definition 
period of a major defense acquisition program is responsible for--
        (1) bringing technologies to maturity and identifying the 
    manufacturing processes that will be needed to carry out the 
    program;
        (2) ensuring continuing focus during program development on 
    meeting stated mission requirements and other requirements of the 
    Department of Defense;
        (3) recommending trade-offs between program cost, schedule, and 
    performance for the life-cycle of the program;
        (4) developing a business case for the program; and
        (5) ensuring that appropriate information is available to the 
    milestone decision authority to make a decision on Milestone B 
    approval (or Key Decision Point B approval in the case of a space 
    program), including information necessary to make the certification 
    required by section 2366a of title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Qualifications, Resources, and Tenure.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that each program manager for the program 
definition period of a major defense acquisition program--
        (1) has the appropriate management, engineering, technical, and 
    financial expertise needed to meet the responsibilities assigned 
    pursuant to subsection (c);
        (2) is provided the resources and support (including systems 
    engineering expertise, cost-estimating expertise, and software 
    development expertise) needed to meet such responsibilities; and
        (3) is assigned to the program manager position for such 
    program until such time as such program receives Milestone B 
    approval (or Key Decision Point B approval in the case of a space 
    program), unless removed for cause or due to exceptional 
    circumstances.
    (e) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary may waive the requirement in 
paragraph (3) of subsection (d) upon a determination that the program 
definition period will take so long that it would not be appropriate 
for a single individual to serve as program manager for the entire 
period covered by such paragraph.
    SEC. 827. TENURE AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF PROGRAM MANAGERS FOR PROGRAM 
      EXECUTION PERIODS.
    (a) Revised Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
revise Department of Defense guidance for major defense acquisition 
programs to address the tenure and accountability of program managers 
for the program execution period of major defense acquisition programs.
    (b) Program Execution Period.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``program execution period'', with respect to a major defense 
acquisition program, means the period beginning with Milestone B 
approval (or Key Decision Point B approval in the case of a space 
program) and ending with declaration of initial operational capability.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The revised guidance required by subsection 
(a) shall--
        (1) require the program manager for the program execution 
    period of a major defense acquisition program to enter into a 
    performance agreement with the manager's immediate supervisor for 
    such program within six months of assignment, that--
            (A) establishes expected parameters for the cost, schedule, 
        and performance of the program consistent with the business 
        case for the program;
            (B) provides the commitment of the supervisor to provide 
        the level of funding and resources required to meet such 
        parameters; and
            (C) provides the assurance of the program manager that such 
        parameters are achievable and that the program manager will be 
        accountable for meeting such parameters; and
        (2) provide the program manager with the authority to--
            (A) consult on the addition of new program requirements 
        that would be inconsistent with the parameters established in 
        the performance agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph 
        (1);
            (B) recommend trade-offs between cost, schedule, and 
        performance, provided that such trade-offs are consistent with 
        the parameters established in the performance agreement entered 
        into pursuant to paragraph (1); and
            (C) develop such interim goals and milestones as may be 
        required to achieve the parameters established in the 
        performance agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph (1).
    (d) Qualifications, Resources, and Tenure.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that each program manager for the program execution period of a 
defense acquisition program--
        (1) has the appropriate management, engineering, technical, and 
    financial expertise needed to meet the responsibilities assigned 
    pursuant to subsection (c);
        (2) is provided the resources and support (including systems 
    engineering expertise, cost estimating expertise, and software 
    development expertise) needed to meet such responsibilities; and
        (3) is assigned to the program manager position for such 
    program during the program execution period, unless removed for 
    cause or due to exceptional circumstances.
    (e) Waiver Authority.--The immediate supervisor of a program 
manager for a major defense acquisition program may waive the 
requirement in paragraph (3) of subsection (d) upon a determination 
that the program execution period will take so long that it would not 
be appropriate for a single individual to serve as program manager for 
the entire program execution period.
    SEC. 828. PENALTY FOR COST OVERRUNS.
    (a) In General.--For each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 
2015, the Secretary of each military department shall pay a penalty for 
cost overruns on the covered major defense acquisition programs of the 
military department.
    (b) Calculation of Penalty.--For the purposes of this section:
        (1) The amount of the cost overrun or underrun on any major 
    defense acquisition program or subprogram in a fiscal year is the 
    difference between the current program acquisition unit cost for 
    the program or subprogram and the program acquisition unit cost for 
    the program as shown in the original Baseline Estimate for the 
    program or subprogram, multiplied by the quantity of items to be 
    purchased under the program or subprogram, as reported in the final 
    Selected Acquisition Report for the fiscal year in accordance with 
    section 2432 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Cost overruns or underruns for covered major defense 
    acquisition programs that are joint programs of more than one 
    military department shall be allocated among the military 
    departments in percentages determined by the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
        (3) The cumulative amount of cost overruns for a military 
    department in a fiscal year is the sum of the cost overruns and 
    cost underruns for all covered major defense acquisition programs 
    of the department in the fiscal year (including cost overruns or 
    underruns allocated to the military department in accordance with 
    paragraph (2)).
        (4) The cost overrun penalty for a military department in a 
    fiscal year is three percent of the cumulative amount of cost 
    overruns of the military department in the fiscal year, as 
    determined pursuant to paragraph (3), except that the cost overrun 
    penalty may not be a negative amount.
    (c) Transfer of Funds.--
        (1) Reduction of research, development, test, and evaluation 
    accounts.--Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal year 
    beginning with fiscal year 2015, the Secretary of each military 
    department shall reduce each research, development, test, and 
    evaluation account of the military department by the percentage 
    determined under paragraph (2), and remit such amount to the 
    Secretary of Defense.
        (2) Determination of amount.--The percentage reduction to 
    research, development, test, and evaluation accounts of a military 
    department referred to in paragraph (1) is the percentage reduction 
    to such accounts necessary to equal the cost overrun penalty for 
    the fiscal year for such department determined pursuant to 
    subsection (b)(4).
        (3) Crediting of funds.--Any amount remitted under paragraph 
    (1) shall be credited to the Rapid Prototyping Fund established 
    pursuant to section 804 of this Act.
    (d) Covered Programs.--A major defense acquisition program is 
covered under this section if the original Baseline Estimate was 
established for such program under paragraph (1) or (2) of section 
2435(d) of title 10, United States Code, on or after May 22, 2009 
(which is the date of the enactment of the Weapon Systems Acquisition 
Reform Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-23)).
    SEC. 829. STREAMLINING OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO 
      ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING 
      REGARDING MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Reporting to Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics Before Milestone B Approval.--Subparagraph 
(A) of paragraph (8) of section 138(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
as amended by section 901(h)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3466), is further amended--
        (1) by striking ``periodically'';
        (2) by striking ``the major defense acquisition programs'' and 
    inserting ``each major defense acquisition program'';
        (3) by inserting ``before the Milestone B approval for that 
    program'' after ``Department of Defense''; and
        (4) by striking ``such reviews and assessments'' and inserting 
    ``such review and assessment''.
    (b) Annual Report to Secretary of Defense and Congressional Defense 
Committees.--Subparagraph (B) of such paragraph is amended by inserting 
``for which a Milestone B approval occurred during the preceding fiscal 
year'' after ``Department of Defense''.
    SEC. 830. CONFIGURATION STEERING BOARDS FOR COST CONTROL UNDER 
      MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    Section 814(c)(1) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4529; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as 
    subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after ``for the following:'' the following new 
    subparagraph:
            ``(A) Monitoring changes in program requirements and 
        ensuring the Chief of Staff of the Armed Force concerned, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned, approves of any proposed changes that could have an 
        adverse effect on program cost or schedule.''.
    SEC. 831. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR STAND-ALONE MANPOWER ESTIMATES 
      FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Repeal of Requirement.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 2434 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``and a manpower 
estimate for the program have'' and inserting ``has''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments Relating to Regulations.--Subsection (b) 
of such section is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (2);
        (2) by striking ``shall require--'' and all that follows 
    through ``that the independent'' and inserting ``shall require that 
    the independent'';
        (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs 
    (1) and (2), respectively, and moving those paragraphs, as so 
    redesignated, two ems to the left; and
        (4) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated--
            (A) by striking ``and operations and support,'' and 
        inserting ``operations and support, and trained manpower to 
        operate, maintain, and support the program upon full 
        operational deployment,''; and
            (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is amended to 
    read as follows:
``Sec. 2434. Independent cost estimates''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 144 of such title is amended by striking the item 
    relating to section 2434 and inserting the following:

``2434. Independent cost estimates.''.
    SEC. 832. REVISION TO DUTIES OF THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 
      DEFENSE FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND EVALUATION AND THE DEPUTY 
      ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SYSTEMS ENGINEERING.
     Section 139b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(5)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and approve or 
        disapprove''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in order to advise 
        relevant technical authorities for such programs on the 
        incorporation of best practices for developmental test from 
        across the Department'' after ``in accordance with subsection 
        (c))''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)(5)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and approve''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in order to advise 
        relevant technical authorities for such programs on the 
        incorporation of best practices for systems engineering from 
        across the Department'' after ``programs''.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

    SEC. 841. AMENDMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
      DEVELOPMENT FUND.
    (a) Modifications to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Fund.--Section 1705 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by amending subparagraph (C) to read 
        as follows:
            ``(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the applicable 
        percentage for a fiscal year is the percentage that results in 
        the credit to the Fund of $500,000,000 in each fiscal year.'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), in subparagraph (D)--
                (i) by striking ``an amount specified in subparagraph 
            (C)'' and inserting ``the amount specified in subparagraph 
            (C)''; and
                (ii) by striking ``an amount that is less than'' and 
            all that follows through the end and inserting ``an amount 
            that is less than $400,000,000.''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``24-month period'' and 
        inserting ``36-month period'';
        (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``60 days'' and inserting 
    ``120 days''; and
        (3) in subsection (g)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (2);
            (B) by striking ``acquisition workforce positions'' and 
        inserting ``of positions in the acquisition workforce, as 
        defined in subsection (h),'';
            (C) by striking ``Authority.--'' and all that follows 
        through ``For purposes of'' in paragraph (1) and inserting 
        ``Authority.--For purposes of'';
            (D) by striking ``(A)'' and inserting ``(1)'';
            (E) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(2)''; and
            (F) by aligning paragraphs (1) and (2), as designated by 
        subparagraphs (D) and (E), so as to be two ems from the left 
        margin.
    (b) Modifications to Biennial Strategic Workforce Plan.--Section 
115b(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the defense acquisition 
    workforce, including both military and civilian personnel'' and 
    inserting ``the military, civilian, and contractor personnel that 
    directly support the acquisition processes of the Department of 
    Defense, including persons serving in acquisition-related positions 
    designated by the Secretary of Defense under section 1721 of this 
    title'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)(D)--
            (A) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (B) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii); and
            (C) by inserting after clause (i) the following new clause:
            ``(ii) a description of steps that will be taken to address 
        any new or expanded critical skills and competencies the 
        civilian employee workforce will need to address recent trends 
        in defense acquisition, emerging best practices, changes in the 
        Government and commercial marketplace, and new requirements 
        established in law or regulation; and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), contractor personnel shall 
be treated as directly supporting the acquisition processes of the 
Department if, and to the extent that, such contractor personnel 
perform functions in support of personnel in Department of Defense 
positions designated by the Secretary of Defense under section 1721 of 
this title.''.
    SEC. 842. DUAL-TRACK MILITARY PROFESSIONALS IN OPERATIONAL AND 
      ACQUISITION SPECIALITIES.
    (a) Requirement for Chief of Staff Involvement.--Section 1722a(a) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
``military department)'' the following: ``, in collaboration with the 
Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps (with 
respect to the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps, 
respectively),''.
    (b) Dual-track Career Path.--Section 1722a(b) of such title is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (3) 
    and (4), respectively;
        (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``single-track'' before 
    ``career path''; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraph (2):
        ``(2) A dual-track career path that attracts the highest 
    quality officers and enlisted personnel and allows them to gain 
    experience in and receive credit for a primary career in combat 
    arms and a functional secondary career in the acquisition field in 
    order to more closely align the military operational, requirements, 
    and acquisition workforces of each armed force.''.
    SEC. 843. PROVISION OF JOINT DUTY ASSIGNMENT CREDIT FOR ACQUISITION 
      DUTY.
    Section 668(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``or'' at the end of subparagraph (D);
        (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and 
    inserting ``; or''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(F) acquisition matters addressed by military personnel and 
    covered under chapter 87 of this title.''.
    SEC. 844. MANDATORY REQUIREMENT FOR TRAINING RELATED TO THE CONDUCT 
      OF MARKET RESEARCH.
    (a) Mandatory Market Research Training.--Section 2377 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) Market Research Training Required.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall provide mandatory training for members of the armed forces and 
employees of the Department of Defense responsible for the conduct of 
market research required under subsection (c). Such mandatory training 
shall, at a minimum--
        ``(1) provide comprehensive information on the subject of 
    market research and the function of market research in the 
    acquisition of commercial items;
        ``(2) teach best practices for conducting and documenting 
    market research; and
        ``(3) provide methodologies for establishing standard processes 
    and reports for collecting and sharing market research across the 
    Department.''.
    (b) Incorporation Into Management Certification Training Mandate.--
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall ensure that the 
requirements of section 2377(d) of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a), are incorporated into the requirements 
management certification training mandate of the Joint Capabilities 
Integration Development System.
    SEC. 845. INDEPENDENT STUDY OF IMPLEMENTATION OF DEFENSE 
      ACQUISITION WORKFORCE IMPROVEMENT EFFORTS.
    (a) Requirement for Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into 
a contract with an independent research entity described in subsection 
(b) to carry out a comprehensive study of the strategic planning of the 
Department of Defense related to the defense acquisition workforce. The 
study shall provide a comprehensive examination of the Department's 
efforts to recruit, develop, and retain the acquisition workforce with 
a specific review of the following:
        (1) The implementation of the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
    Improvement Act (including chapter 87 of title 10, United States 
    Code).
        (2) The application of the Department of Defense Acquisition 
    Workforce Development Fund (as established under section 1705 of 
    title 10, United States Code).
        (3) The effectiveness of professional military education 
    programs, including fellowships and exchanges with industry.
    (b) Independent Research Entity.--The entity described in this 
subsection is an independent research entity that is a not-for-profit 
entity or a federally funded research and development center with 
appropriate expertise and analytical capability.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) To secretary.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the independent research entity shall 
    provide to the Secretary a report containing--
            (A) the results of the study required by subsection (a); 
        and
            (B) such recommendations to improve the acquisition 
        workforce as the independent research entity considers to be 
        appropriate.
        (2) To congress.--Not later than 30 days after receipt of the 
    report under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
    such report, together with any additional views or recommendations 
    of the Secretary, to the congressional defense committees.
    SEC. 846. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR THE CIVILIAN ACQUISITION 
      WORKFORCE PERSONNEL DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.
    (a) Extension.--Section 1762(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2020''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Such section is further amended by 
striking ``demonstration program'' and inserting ``demonstration 
project''.

          Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

    SEC. 851. PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS.
    (a) Commercial Item Determinations by Department of Defense.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2380. Commercial item determinations by Department of Defense
    ``The Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(1) establish and maintain a centralized capability with 
    necessary expertise and resources to oversee the making of 
    commercial item determinations for the purposes of procurements by 
    the Department of Defense; and
        ``(2) provide public access to Department of Defense commercial 
    item determinations for the purposes of procurements by the 
    Department of Defense.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    item:

``2380. Commercial item determinations by Department of Defense.''.

    (b) Commercial Item Exception to Submission of Cost and Pricing 
Data.--Section 2306a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Commercial item determination.--(A) For purposes of 
    applying the commercial item exception under paragraph (1)(B) to 
    the required submission of certified cost or pricing data, the 
    contracting officer may presume that a prior commercial item 
    determination made by a military department, a Defense Agency, or 
    another component of the Department of Defense shall serve as a 
    determination for subsequent procurements of such item.
        ``(B) If the contracting officer does not make the presumption 
    described in subparagraph (A) and instead chooses to proceed with a 
    procurement of an item previously determined to be a commercial 
    item using procedures other than the procedures authorized for the 
    procurement of a commercial item, the contracting officer shall 
    request a review of the commercial item determination by the head 
    of the contracting activity.
        ``(C) Not later than 30 days after receiving a request for 
    review of a commercial item determination under subparagraph (B), 
    the head of a contracting activity shall--
            ``(i) confirm that the prior determination was appropriate 
        and still applicable; or
            ``(ii) issue a revised determination with a written 
        explanation of the basis for the revision.''.
    (c) Definition of Commercial Item.--Nothing in this section or the 
amendments made by this section shall affect the meaning of the term 
``commercial item'' under subsection (a)(5) of section 2464 of title 
10, United States Code, or any requirement under subsection (a)(3) or 
subsection (c) of such section.
    (d) Regulations Update.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation 
Supplement shall be updated to reflect the requirements of this section 
and the amendments made by this section.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section or the 
amendments made by this section shall be construed to preclude the 
contracting officer for the procurement of a commercial item from 
requiring the contractor to supply information that is sufficient to 
determine the reasonableness of price, regardless of whether or not the 
contractor was required to provide such information in connection with 
any earlier procurement.
    SEC. 852. MODIFICATION TO INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE SUBMITTED BY 
      OFFEROR IN PROCUREMENT OF MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS AS COMMERCIAL 
      ITEMS.
    (a) Requirement for Determination.--Subsection (a) of section 2379 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``and'' after the 
    semicolon;
        (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
        (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
    (b) Treatment of Subsystems as Commercial Items.--Subsection (b) of 
such section is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``only 
    if'' and inserting ``if either'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``that--'' and all that follows through 
        ``the subsystem is a'' and inserting ``that the subsystem is 
        a'';
            (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
            (C) by striking subparagraph (B).
    (c) Treatment of Components as Commercial Items.--Subsection (c)(1) 
of such section is amended--
        (1) by striking ``title only if'' and inserting ``title if 
    either''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) by striking ``that--'' and all that follows through 
        ``the component or'' and inserting ``that the component or'';
            (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
            (C) by striking clause (ii).
    (d) Information Submitted.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Information Submitted.--(1) To the extent necessary to 
determine the reasonableness of the price for items acquired under this 
section, the contracting officer shall require the offeror to submit--
        ``(A) prices paid for the same or similar commercial items 
    under comparable terms and conditions by both Government and 
    commercial customers;
        ``(B) if the contracting officer determines that the offeror 
    does not have access to and cannot provide sufficient information 
    described in subparagraph (A) to determine the reasonableness of 
    price, information on--
            ``(i) prices for the same or similar items sold under 
        different terms and conditions;
            ``(ii) prices for similar levels of work or effort on 
        related products or services;
            ``(iii) prices for alternative solutions or approaches; and
            ``(iv) other relevant information that can serve as the 
        basis for a price assessment; and
        ``(C) if the contracting officer determines that the 
    information submitted pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B) is not 
    sufficient to determine the reasonableness of price, other relevant 
    information regarding the basis for price or cost, including 
    information on labor costs, material costs, and overhead rates.
    ``(2) An offeror may not be required to submit information 
described in paragraph (1)(C) with regard to a commercially available 
off-the-shelf item and may be required to submit such information with 
regard to any other item that was developed exclusively at private 
expense only after the head of the contracting activity determines in 
writing that the information submitted pursuant to paragraphs (1)(A) 
and (1)(B) is not sufficient to determine the reasonableness of 
price.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendment to Truth in Negotiations Act.--Section 
2306a(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new sentence: ``If the contracting officer 
determines that the offeror does not have access to and cannot provide 
sufficient information on prices for the same or similar items to 
determine the reasonableness of price, the contracting officer shall 
require the submission of information on prices for similar levels of 
work or effort on related products or services, prices for alternative 
solutions or approaches, and other information that is relevant to the 
determination of a fair and reasonable price.''.
    SEC. 853. USE OF RECENT PRICES PAID BY THE GOVERNMENT IN THE 
      DETERMINATION OF PRICE REASONABLENESS.
     Section 2306a(b) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section 851, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(5) A contracting officer shall consider evidence provided by 
    an offeror of recent purchase prices paid by the Government for the 
    same or similar commercial items in establishing price 
    reasonableness on a subsequent purchase if the contracting officer 
    is satisfied that the prices previously paid remain a valid 
    reference for comparison after considering the totality of other 
    relevant factors such as the time elapsed since the prior purchase 
    and any differences in the quantities purchased or applicable terms 
    and conditions.''.
    SEC. 854. REPORT ON DEFENSE-UNIQUE LAWS APPLICABLE TO THE 
      PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS AND COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE OFF-
      THE-SHELF ITEMS.
    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report identifying the defense-
unique provisions of law that are applicable for procurement of 
commercial items or commercial off-the-shelf items, both at the prime 
contract and subcontract level. The report--
        (1) shall discuss the impact--
            (A) of limiting the inclusion of clauses in contracts for 
        commercial items or commercial off-the-shelf items to those 
        that are required to implement law or Executive orders or are 
        determined to be consistent with standard commercial practice; 
        and
            (B) of limiting flow down of clauses in subcontracts for 
        commercial items or commercial off the shelf-items to those 
        that are required to implement law or Executive order; and
        (2) shall provide a listing of all standard clauses used in 
    Federal Acquisition Regulation Part 12 contracts, including a 
    justification for the inclusion of each.
    (b) Deadline for Submission.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
    SEC. 855. MARKET RESEARCH AND PREFERENCE FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS.
    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall issue guidance to ensure 
that acquisition officials of the Department of Defense fully comply 
with the requirements of section 2377 of title 10, United States Code, 
regarding market research and commercial items. The guidance issued 
pursuant to this subsection shall, at a minimum--
        (1) provide that the head of an agency may not enter into a 
    contract in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold for 
    information technology products or services that are not commercial 
    items unless the head of the agency determines in writing that no 
    commercial items are suitable to meet the agency's needs as 
    provided in subsection (c)(2) of such section; and
        (2) ensure that market research conducted in accordance with 
    subsection (c) of such section is used, where appropriate, to 
    inform price reasonableness determinations.
    (b) Review Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Chairman and the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, shall review Chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction 3170.01, the Manual for the 
Operation of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System, 
and other documents governing the requirements development process and 
revise these documents as necessary to ensure that the Department of 
Defense fully complies with the requirement in section 2377(c) of title 
10, United States Code, and section 10.001 of the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation for Federal agencies to conduct appropriate market research 
before developing new requirements.
    (c) Market Research Defined.--For the purposes of this section, the 
term ``market research'' means a review of existing systems, 
subsystems, capabilities, and technologies that are available or could 
be made available to meet the needs of the Department of Defense in 
whole or in part. The review may include any of the techniques for 
conducting market research provided in section 10.002(b)(2) of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation and shall include, at a minimum, 
contacting knowledgeable individuals in Government and industry 
regarding existing market capabilities.
    SEC. 856. LIMITATION ON CONVERSION OF PROCUREMENTS FROM COMMERCIAL 
      ACQUISITION PROCEDURES.
    (a) Limitation.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), prior to 
    converting the procurement of commercial items or services valued 
    at more than $1,000,000 from commercial acquisition procedures 
    under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation to 
    noncommercial acquisition procedures under part 15 of the Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation, the contracting officer for the procurement 
    shall determine in writing that--
            (A) the earlier use of commercial acquisition procedures 
        under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation was in 
        error or based on inadequate information; and
            (B) the Department of Defense will realize a cost savings 
        compared to the cost of procuring a similar quantity or level 
        of such item or service using commercial acquisition 
        procedures.
        (2) Requirement for approval of determination by head of 
    contracting activity.--In the case of a procurement valued at more 
    than $100,000,000, a contract may not be awarded pursuant to a 
    conversion of the procurement described in paragraph (1) until--
            (A) the head of the contracting activity approves the 
        determination made under paragraph (1); and
            (B) a copy of the determination so approved is provided to 
        the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics.
    (b) Factors to Be Considered.--In making a determination under 
paragraph (1), the determining official shall, at a minimum, consider 
the following factors:
        (1) The estimated cost of research and development to be 
    performed by the existing contractor to improve future products or 
    services.
        (2) The transaction costs for the Department of Defense and the 
    contractor in assessing and responding to data requests to support 
    a conversion to noncommercial acquisition procedures.
        (3) Changes in purchase quantities.
        (4) Costs associated with potential procurement delays 
    resulting from the conversion.
    (c) Procedures.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop 
procedures to track conversions of future contracts and subcontracts 
for improved analysis and reporting and shall revise the Defense 
Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement to reflect the requirement in 
subsection (a).
    (d) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the implementation of 
subsection (a), including any procurements converted as described in 
that subsection.
    (e) Sunset.--The requirements of this section shall terminate 5 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 857. TREATMENT OF GOODS AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY 
      NONTRADITIONAL DEFENSE CONTRACTORS AS COMMERCIAL ITEMS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 851, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 2380A. Treatment of goods and services provided by 
     nontraditional defense contractors as commercial items
    ``Notwithstanding section 2376(1) of this title, items and services 
provided by nontraditional defense contractors (as that term is defined 
in section 2302(9) of this title) may be treated by the head of an 
agency as commercial items for purposes of this chapter.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 140 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2380, as added by section 851, the following new 
item:

``2380A. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
          defense contractors as commercial items.''.

                  Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

    SEC. 861. AMENDMENT TO MENTOR-PROTEGE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 831 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``designed to enhance'' and 
    all that follows through the period at the end and inserting the 
    following: ``designed to--
    ``(1) enhance the capabilities of disadvantaged small business 
concerns to perform as subcontractors and suppliers under Department of 
Defense contracts and other contracts and subcontracts; and
    ``(2) increase the participation of such business concerns as 
subcontractors and suppliers under Department of Defense contracts, 
other Federal Government contracts, and commercial contracts.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``to receive such 
    assistance at any time'' and inserting ``concurrently, and the 
    authority to enter into agreements under subsection (e) shall only 
    be available to such concern during the 5-year period beginning on 
    the date such concern enters into the first such agreement'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as clauses (i) 
        and (ii), respectively (and conforming the margins 
        accordingly); and
            (B) by inserting before clause (i) (as so redesignated) the 
        following:
        ``(1) the mentor firm is not affiliated with the protege firm 
    prior to the approval of that agreement; and
        ``(2) the mentor firm demonstrates that it--
            ``(A) is qualified to provide assistance that will 
        contribute to the purpose of the program;
            ``(B) is of good financial health and character and does 
        not appear on a Federal list of debarred or suspended 
        contractors; and
            ``(C) can impart value to a protege firm because of 
        experience gained as a Department of Defense contractor or 
        through knowledge of general business operations and government 
        contracting, as demonstrated by evidence that--'';
        (4) by amending subsection (e)(1) to read as follows:
        ``(1) A developmental program for the protege firm, in such 
    detail as may be reasonable, including--
            ``(A) factors to assess the protege firm's developmental 
        progress under the program;
            ``(B) a description of the quantitative and qualitative 
        benefits to the Department of Defense from the agreement, if 
        applicable; and
            ``(C) goals for additional awards that protege firm can 
        compete for outside the Mentor-Protege Program.'';
        (5) in subsection (f)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``business 
        development,'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (6); and
            (C) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (6);
        (6) in subsection (g)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``paragraphs (1) 
            and (7) of subsection (f)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) 
            and (6) of subsection (f) (except as provided in 
            subparagraph (D))'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``under 
            subsection (l)(2)''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
        ``(D) The Secretary may not reimburse any fee assessed by the 
    mentor firm for services provided to the protege firm pursuant to 
    subsection (f)(6) or for business development expenses incurred by 
    the mentor firm under a contract awarded to the mentor firm while 
    participating in a joint venture with the protege firm.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3)(B)(i), by striking ``subsection 
        (f)(7)'' and inserting ``subsection (f)(6)'';
        (7) in subsection (h)(1), by inserting ``(15 U.S.C. 631 et 
    seq.)'' after ``Small Business Act'';
        (8) in subsection (j)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``September 30, 2015'' 
        and inserting ``September 30, 2018''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``September 30, 2018'' 
        and inserting ``September 30, 2021'';
        (9) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (n);
        (10) by inserting after subsection (k) the following new 
    subsections:
    ``(l) Report by Mentor Firms.--To comply with section 8(d)(7) of 
the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(7)), each mentor firm shall 
submit a report to the Secretary not less than once each fiscal year 
that includes, for the preceding fiscal year--
        ``(1) all technical or management assistance provided by mentor 
    firm personnel for the purposes described in subsection (f)(1);
        ``(2) any new awards of subcontracts on a competitive or 
    noncompetitive basis to the protege firm under Department of 
    Defense contracts or other contracts, including the value of such 
    subcontracts;
        ``(3) any extensions, increases in the scope of work, or 
    additional payments not previously reported for prior awards of 
    subcontracts on a competitive or noncompetitive basis to the 
    protege firm under Department of Defense contracts or other 
    contracts, including the value of such subcontracts;
        ``(4) the amount of any payment of progress payments or advance 
    payments made to the protege firm for performance under any 
    subcontract made under the Mentor-Protege Program;
        ``(5) any loans made by mentor firm to the protege firm;
        ``(6) all Federal contracts awarded to the mentor firm and the 
    protege firm as a joint venture, designating whether the award was 
    a restricted competition or a full and open competition;
        ``(7) any assistance obtained by the mentor firm for the 
    protege firm from one or more--
            ``(A) small business development centers established 
        pursuant to section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
        648);
            ``(B) entities providing procurement technical assistance 
        pursuant to chapter 142 of title 10, United States Code; or
            ``(C) historically Black colleges or universities or 
        minority institutions of higher education;
        ``(8) whether there have been any changes to the terms of the 
    mentor-protege agreement; and
        ``(9) a narrative describing the success assistance provided 
    under subsection (f) has had in addressing the developmental needs 
    of the protege firm, the impact on Department of Defense contracts, 
    and addressing any problems encountered.
    ``(m) Review of Report by the Office of Small Business Programs.--
The Office of Small Business Programs of the Department of Defense 
shall review the report required by subsection (l) and, if the Office 
finds that the mentor-protege agreement is not furthering the purpose 
of the Mentor-Protege Program, decide not to approve any continuation 
of the agreement.''; and
        (11) in subsection (n) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``means a business 
        concern that meets the requirements of section 3(a) of the 
        Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)) and the regulations 
        promulgated pursuant thereto'' and inserting ``has the meaning 
        given such term under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 632)'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``means:'' and inserting ``means a firm 
            that has less than half the size standard corresponding to 
            its primary North American Industry Classification System 
            code, is not owned or managed by individuals or entities 
            that directly or indirectly have stock options or 
            convertible securities in the mentor firm, and is--'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the severely 
            disabled'' and inserting ``severely disabled individuals'';
                (iii) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``Small Business 
            Act.'' and inserting ``Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
            632(p)); or''; and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
            ``(H) a small business concern that--
                ``(i) is a nontraditional defense contractor, as such 
            term is defined in section 2302 of title 10, United States 
            Code; or
                ``(ii) currently provides goods or services in the 
            private sector that are critical to enhancing the 
            capabilities of the defense supplier base and fulfilling 
            key Department of Defense needs.'';
            (C) by amending paragraph (8) to read as follows:
        ``(8) The term `severely disabled individual' means an 
    individual who is blind (as defined in section 8501 of title 41, 
    United States Code) or a severely disabled individual (as defined 
    in such section).''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(9) The term `affiliated', with respect to the relationship 
    between a mentor firm and a protege firm, means--
            ``(A) the mentor firm shares, directly or indirectly, with 
        the protege firm ownership or management of the protege firm;
            ``(B) the mentor firm has an agreement, at the time the 
        mentor firm enters into a mentor-protege agreement under 
        subsection (e), to merge with the protege firm;
            ``(C) the owners and managers of the mentor firm are the 
        parent, child, spouse, sibling, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, 
        grandparent, grandchild, or first cousin of an owner or manager 
        of the protege firm;
            ``(D) the mentor firm has, during the 2-year period before 
        entering into a mentor-protege agreement, employed any officer, 
        director, principal stock holder, managing member, or key 
        employee of the protege firm;
            ``(E) the mentor firm has engaged in a joint venture with 
        the protege firm during the 2-year period before entering into 
        a mentor-protege agreement, unless such joint venture was 
        approved by the Small Business Administration prior to making 
        any offer on a contract;
            ``(F) the mentor firm is, directly or indirectly, the 
        primary party providing contracts to the protege firm, as 
        measured by the dollar value of the contracts; and
            ``(G) the Small Business Administration has made a 
        determination of affiliation or control under subsection 
        (h).''.
    (b) Application.--
        (1) In general.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
    apply to a mentor-protege agreement made pursuant to section 831 of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public 
    Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) entered into 
    after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
        (2) Retroactivity of report and review requirements.--The 
    amendments made by subsection (a)(10) shall apply to a mentor-
    protege agreement made pursuant to section 831 of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 
    104 Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) entered into before, on, or 
    after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
    SEC. 862. AMENDMENTS TO DATA QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PLAN.
    (a) In General.--Section 15(s) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
644(s)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (6); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(4) Implementation.--Not later than October 1, 2016, the 
    Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall implement 
    the plan described in this subsection.
        ``(5) Certification.--The Administrator shall annually provide 
    to the Committee on Small Business of the House of Representatives 
    and the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the 
    Senate a certification of the accuracy and completeness of data 
    reported on bundled and consolidated contracts.''.
    (b) GAO Study.--
        (1) Study.--Not later than October 1, 2017, the Comptroller 
    General of the United States shall initiate a study on the 
    effectiveness of the plan described in section 15(s) of the Small 
    Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(s)) that shall assess whether contracts 
    were accurately labeled as bundled or consolidated.
        (2) Contracts evaluated.--For the purposes of conducting the 
    study described in paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the 
    United States--
            (A) shall evaluate, for work in each of sectors 23, 33, 54, 
        and 56 (as defined by the North American Industry 
        Classification System), not fewer than 100 contracts in each 
        sector;
            (B) shall evaluate only those contracts--
                (i) awarded by an agency listed in section 901(b) of 
            title 31, United States Code; and
                (ii) that have a Base and Exercised Options Value, an 
            Action Obligation, or a Base and All Options Value (as such 
            terms are defined in the Federal Procurement Data System 
            described in section 1122(a)(4)(A) of title 41, United 
            States Code, or any successor system); and
            (C) shall not evaluate contracts that have used any set-
        aside authority.
        (3) Report.--Not later than 12 months after initiating the 
    study required by paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the 
    United States shall report to the Committee on Small Business of 
    the House of Representatives and the Committee on Small Business 
    and Entrepreneurship of the Senate on the results from such study 
    and, if warranted, any recommendations on how to improve the 
    quality of data reported on bundled and consolidated contracts.
    SEC. 863. NOTICE OF CONTRACT CONSOLIDATION FOR ACQUISITION 
      STRATEGIES.
    (a) Notice Requirement for the Head of a Contracting Agency.--
Section 15(e)(3) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(e)(3)) is 
amended to read as follows:
        ``(3) Strategy specifications.--If the head of a contracting 
    agency determines that an acquisition plan for a procurement 
    involves a substantial bundling of contract requirements, the head 
    of a contracting agency shall publish a notice on a public website 
    that such determination has been made not later than 7 days after 
    making such determination. Any solicitation for a procurement 
    related to the acquisition plan may not be published earlier than 7 
    days after such notice is published. Along with the publication of 
    the solicitation, the head of a contracting agency shall publish a 
    justification for the determination, which shall include the 
    following information:
            ``(A) The specific benefits anticipated to be derived from 
        the bundling of contract requirements and a determination that 
        such benefits justify the bundling.
            ``(B) An identification of any alternative contracting 
        approaches that would involve a lesser degree of bundling of 
        contract requirements.
            ``(C) An assessment of--
                ``(i) the specific impediments to participation by 
            small business concerns as prime contractors that result 
            from the bundling of contract requirements; and
                ``(ii) the specific actions designed to maximize 
            participation of small business concerns as subcontractors 
            (including suppliers) at various tiers under the contract 
            or contracts that are awarded to meet the requirements.''.
    (b) Notice Requirement for the Senior Procurement Executive or 
Chief Acquisition Officer.--Section 44(c)(2) of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 657q(c)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Notice.--Not later than 7 days after making a 
        determination that an acquisition strategy involving a 
        consolidation of contract requirements is necessary and 
        justified under subparagraph (A), the senior procurement 
        executive or Chief Acquisition Officer shall publish a notice 
        on a public website that such determination has been made. Any 
        solicitation for a procurement related to the acquisition 
        strategy may not be published earlier than 7 days after such 
        notice is published. Along with the publication of the 
        solicitation, the senior procurement executive or Chief 
        Acquisition Officer shall publish a justification for the 
        determination, which shall include the information in 
        subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (1).''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Section 44(c)(1) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 657q(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``Subject to 
paragraph (4), the head'' and inserting ``The head''.
    SEC. 864. CLARIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO SMALL BUSINESS 
      CONTRACTS FOR SERVICES.
    (a) Procurement Contracts.--Section 8(a)(17) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(17)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``any procurement 
    contract'' and all that follows through ``section 15'' and 
    inserting ``any procurement contract, which contract has as its 
    principal purpose the supply of a product to be let pursuant to 
    this subsection, subsection (m), section 15(a), section 31, or 
    section 36,''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(C) Limitation.--This paragraph shall not apply to a contract 
    that has as its principal purpose the acquisition of services or 
    construction.''.
    (b) Subcontractor Contracts.--Section 46(a)(4) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657s(a)(4)) is amended by striking ``for 
supplies from a regular dealer in such supplies'' and inserting ``which 
is principally for supplies from a regular dealer in such supplies, and 
which is not a contract principally for services or construction''.
    SEC. 865. CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY 
      SPECIALISTS, COMMERCIAL MARKET REPRESENTATIVES, AND PROCUREMENT 
      CENTER REPRESENTATIVES.
    (a) Business Opportunity Specialist Requirements.--
        (1) In general.--Section 4 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
    633) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Certification Requirements for Business Opportunity 
Specialists.--
        ``(1) In general.--Consistent with the requirements of 
    paragraph (2), a Business Opportunity Specialist described under 
    section 7(j)(10)(D) shall have a Level I Federal Acquisition 
    Certification in Contracting (or any successor certification) or 
    the equivalent Department of Defense certification, except that a 
    Business Opportunity Specialist who was serving on or before 
    January 3, 2013, may continue to serve as a Business Opportunity 
    Specialist for a period of 5 years beginning on such date without 
    such a certification.
        ``(2) Delay of certification requirement.--
            ``(A) Timing.--The certification described in paragraph (1) 
        is not required for any person serving as a Business 
        Opportunity Specialist until the date that is one calendar year 
        after the date such person is appointed as a Business 
        Opportunity Specialist.
            ``(B) Application.--The requirements of subparagraph (A) 
        shall--
                ``(i) be included in any initial job posting for the 
            position of a Business Opportunity Specialist; and
                ``(ii) apply to any person appointed as a Business 
            Opportunity Specialist after January 3, 2013.''.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 7(j)(10)(D)(i) of such Act 
    (15 U.S.C. 636(j)(10)(D)(i)) is amended by striking the second 
    sentence.
    (b) Commercial Market Representative Requirements.--Section 4 of 
the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 633), as amended by subsection 
(a)(1), is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(h) Certification Requirements for Commercial Market 
Representatives.--
        ``(1) In general.--Consistent with the requirements of 
    paragraph (2), a commercial market representative referred to in 
    section 15(q)(3) shall have a Level I Federal Acquisition 
    Certification in Contracting (or any successor certification) or 
    the equivalent Department of Defense certification, except that a 
    commercial market representative who was serving on or before the 
    date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2016 may continue to serve as a commercial market 
    representative for a period of 5 years beginning on such date 
    without such a certification.
        ``(2) Delay of certification requirement.--
            ``(A) Timing.--The certification described in paragraph (1) 
        is not required for any person serving as a commercial market 
        representative until the date that is one calendar year after 
        the date such person is appointed as a commercial market 
        representative.
            ``(B) Application.--The requirements of subparagraph (A) 
        shall--
                ``(i) be included in any initial job posting for the 
            position of a commercial market representative; and
                ``(ii) apply to any person appointed as a commercial 
            market representative after the date of the enactment of 
            the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
            2016.''.
    (c) Procurement Center Representative Requirements.--Section 
15(l)(5) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(l)(5)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by amending clause (iii) to read as 
    follows:
                ``(iii) have the certification described in 
            subparagraph (C).''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) Certification requirements.--
                ``(i) In general.--Consistent with the requirements of 
            clause (ii), a procurement center representative shall have 
            a Level III Federal Acquisition Certification in 
            Contracting (or any successor certification) or the 
            equivalent Department of Defense certification, except that 
            any person serving in such a position on or before January 
            3, 2013, may continue to serve in that position for a 
            period of 5 years without the required certification.
                ``(ii) Delay of certification requirements.--

                    ``(I) Timing.--The certification described in 
                clause (i) is not required for any person serving as a 
                procurement center representative until the date that 
                is one calendar year after the date such person is 
                appointed as a procurement center representative.
                    ``(II) Application.--The requirements of subclause 
                (I) shall--

                        ``(aa) be included in any initial job posting 
                    for the position of a procurement center 
                    representative; and
                        ``(bb) apply to any person appointed as a 
                    procurement center representative after January 3, 
                    2013.''.
    SEC. 866. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALIFIED HUBZONE SMALL 
      BUSINESS CONCERNS LOCATED IN A BASE CLOSURE AREA.
    (a) In General.--Section 3(p) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
632(p)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or'';
            (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) qualified disaster areas.'';
        (2) in paragraph (3)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
            ``(D) a small business concern--
                ``(i) that is wholly owned by one or more Native 
            Hawaiian Organizations (as defined in section 8(a)(15)), or 
            by a corporation that is wholly owned by one or more Native 
            Hawaiian Organizations; or
                ``(ii) that is owned in part by one or more Native 
            Hawaiian Organizations, or by a corporation that is wholly 
            owned by one or more Native Hawaiian Organizations, if all 
            other owners are either United States citizens or small 
            business concerns;'';
        (3) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
            ``(D) Base closure area.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the term 
            `base closure area' means--

                    ``(I) lands within the external boundaries of a 
                military installation that were closed through a 
                privatization process under the authority of--

                        ``(aa) the Defense Base Closure and Realignment 
                    Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of division B of 
                    Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note);
                        ``(bb) title II of the Defense Authorization 
                    Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act 
                    (Public Law 100-526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note);
                        ``(cc) section 2687 of title 10, United States 
                    Code; or
                        ``(dd) any other provision of law authorizing 
                    or directing the Secretary of Defense or the 
                    Secretary of a military department to dispose of 
                    real property at the military installation for 
                    purposes relating to base closures of 
                    redevelopment, while retaining the authority to 
                    enter into a leaseback of all or a portion of the 
                    property for military use;

                    ``(II) the census tract or nonmetropolitan county 
                in which the lands described in subclause (I) are 
                wholly contained;
                    ``(III) a census tract or nonmetropolitan county 
                the boundaries of which intersect the area described in 
                subclause (I); and
                    ``(IV) a census tract or nonmetropolitan county the 
                boundaries of which are contiguous to the area 
                described in subclause (II) or subclause (III).

                ``(ii) Limitation.--A base closure area shall be 
            treated as a HUBZone--

                    ``(I) with respect to a census tract or 
                nonmetropolitan county described in clause (i), for a 
                period of not less than 8 years, beginning on the date 
                the military installation undergoes final closure and 
                ending on the date the Administrator makes a final 
                determination as to whether or not to implement the 
                applicable designation described in subparagraph (A) or 
                (B) in accordance with the results of the decennial 
                census conducted after the area was initially 
                designated as a base closure area; and
                    ``(II) if such area was treated as a HUBZone at any 
                time after 2010, until such time as the Administrator 
                makes a final determination as to whether or not to 
                implement the applicable designation described in 
                subparagraph (A) or (B), after the 2020 decennial 
                census.

                ``(iii) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:

                    ``(I) Census tract.--The term `census tract' means 
                a census tract delineated by the United States Bureau 
                of the Census in the most recent decennial census that 
                is not located in a nonmetropolitan county and does not 
                otherwise qualify as a qualified census tract.
                    ``(II) Nonmetropolitan county.--The term 
                `nonmetropolitan county' means a county that was not 
                located in a metropolitan statistical area (as defined 
                in section 143(k)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 
                1986) at the time of the most recent census taken for 
                purposes of selecting qualified census tracts and does 
                not otherwise qualify as a qualified nonmetropolitan 
                county.''; and

            (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(E) Qualified disaster area.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the term 
            `qualified disaster area' means any census tract or 
            nonmetropolitan county located in an area for which the 
            President has declared a major disaster under section 401 
            of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
            Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) or located in an area in 
            which a catastrophic incident has occurred if such census 
            tract or nonmetropolitan county ceased to be qualified 
            under subparagraph (A) or (B), as applicable, during the 
            period beginning 5 years before the date on which the 
            President declared the major disaster or the catastrophic 
            incident occurred and ending 2 years after such date, 
            except that such census tract or nonmetropolitan county may 
            be a `qualified disaster area' only--

                    ``(I) in the case of a major disaster declared by 
                the President, during the 5-year period beginning on 
                the date on which the President declared the major 
                disaster for the area in which the census tract or 
                nonmetropolitan county, as applicable, is located; and
                    ``(II) in the case of a catastrophic incident, 
                during the 10-year period beginning on the date on 
                which the catastrophic incident occurred in the area in 
                which the census tract or nonmetropolitan county, as 
                applicable, is located.

                ``(ii) Limitation.--A qualified disaster area described 
            in clause (i) shall be treated as a HUBZone for a period of 
            not less than 8 years, beginning on the date the 
            Administrator makes a final determination as to whether or 
            not to implement the designations described in 
            subparagraphs (A) and (B) in accordance with the results of 
            the decennial census conducted after the area was initially 
            designated as a qualified disaster area.''; and
        (4) in paragraph (5)(A)(i)(I)--
            (A) in item (aa)--
                (i) by striking ``subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), or 
            (E) of paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A), 
            (B), (C), (D), (E), or (F) of paragraph (3)''; and
                (ii) by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating item (bb) as item (cc); and
            (C) by inserting after item (aa) the following new item:
                        ``(bb) pursuant to subparagraph (A), (B), (C), 
                    (D), (E), or (F) of paragraph (3), that its 
                    principal office is located within a base closure 
                    area and that not fewer than 35 percent of its 
                    employees reside in such base closure area or in 
                    another HUBZone; or''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a)(3)(B) 
shall apply to a major disaster declared by the President under section 
401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance 
Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) or a catastrophic incident that occurs on or after 
the date of enactment of such subsection.
    (c) Including FEMA in Agencies That May Provide Data for HUBZone 
Program.--Section 31(c)(3) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
657a(c)(3)) is amended by inserting ``the Administrator of the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency,'' after ``the Secretary of Labor,''.
    (d) GAO Study of Improvement to Oversight of the HUBZone Program.--
Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall complete a study on and 
submit a report to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
Entrepreneurship of the Senate that includes--
        (1) an assessment of the evaluation process, including any 
    weaknesses in the process, used by the Small Business 
    Administration to approve or deny participation in the HUBZone 
    program established under section 31 of the Small Business Act (15 
    U.S.C. 657a);
        (2) an assessment of the oversight of HUBZone program 
    participants by the Small Business Administration, including 
    Administration actions taken to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse; 
    and
        (3) recommendations on how to improve the evaluation process 
    and oversight mechanisms to further reduce fraud, waste, and abuse.
    SEC. 867. JOINT VENTURING AND TEAMING.
    (a) Joint Venture Offers for Bundled or Consolidated Contracts.--
Section 15(e)(4) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(e)(4)) is 
amended to read as follows:
        ``(4) Contract teaming.--
            ``(A) In general.--In the case of a solicitation of offers 
        for a bundled or consolidated contract that is issued by the 
        head of an agency, a small business concern that provides for 
        use of a particular team of subcontractors or a joint venture 
        of small business concerns may submit an offer for the 
        performance of the contract.
            ``(B) Evaluation of offers.--The head of the agency shall 
        evaluate an offer described in subparagraph (A) in the same 
        manner as other offers, with due consideration to the 
        capabilities of all of the proposed subcontractors or members 
        of the joint venture as follows:
                ``(i) Teams.--When evaluating an offer of a small 
            business prime contractor that includes a proposed team of 
            small business subcontractors, the head of the agency shall 
            consider the capabilities and past performance of each 
            first tier subcontractor that is part of the team as the 
            capabilities and past performance of the small business 
            prime contractor.
                ``(ii) Joint ventures.--When evaluating an offer of a 
            joint venture of small business concerns, if the joint 
            venture does not demonstrate sufficient capabilities or 
            past performance to be considered for award of a contract 
            opportunity, the head of the agency shall consider the 
            capabilities and past performance of each member of the 
            joint venture as the capabilities and past performance of 
            the joint venture.
            ``(C) Status as a small business concern.--Participation of 
        a small business concern in a team or a joint venture under 
        this paragraph shall not affect the status of that concern as a 
        small business concern for any other purpose.''.
    (b) Team and Joint Ventures Offers for Multiple Award Contracts.--
Section 15(q)(1) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 644(q)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in the heading, by inserting ``and joint venture'' before 
    ``requirements'';
        (2) by striking ``Each Federal agency'' and inserting the 
    following:
            ``(A) In general.--Each Federal agency''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(B) Teams.--When evaluating an offer of a small business 
        prime contractor that includes a proposed team of small 
        business subcontractors for any multiple award contract above 
        the substantial bundling threshold of the Federal agency, the 
        head of the agency shall consider the capabilities and past 
        performance of each first tier subcontractor that is part of 
        the team as the capabilities and past performance of the small 
        business prime contractor.
            ``(C) Joint ventures.--When evaluating an offer of a joint 
        venture of small business concerns for any multiple award 
        contract above the substantial bundling threshold of the 
        Federal agency, if the joint venture does not demonstrate 
        sufficient capabilities or past performance to be considered 
        for award of a contract opportunity, the head of the agency 
        shall consider the capabilities and past performance of each 
        member of the joint venture as the capabilities and past 
        performance of the joint venture.''.
    SEC. 868. MODIFICATION TO AND SCORECARD PROGRAM FOR SMALL BUSINESS 
      CONTRACTING GOALS.
    (a) Amendment to Governmentwide Goal for Small Business 
Participation in Procurement Contracts.--Section 15(g)(1)(A)(i) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(A)(i)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following: ``In meeting this goal, the Government shall 
ensure the participation of small business concerns from a wide variety 
of industries and from a broad spectrum of small business concerns 
within each industry.''.
    (b) Scorecard Program for Evaluating Federal Agency Compliance With 
Small Business Contracting Goals.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the 
    Administrator of the Small Business Administration, in consultation 
    with the Federal agencies, shall--
            (A) develop a methodology for calculating a score to be 
        used to evaluate the compliance of each Federal agency with 
        meeting the goals established pursuant to section 15(g)(1)(B) 
        of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(B)) based on 
        each such goal; and
            (B) develop a scorecard based on such methodology.
        (2) Use of scorecard.--Beginning in fiscal year 2017, the 
    Administrator shall establish and carry out a program to use the 
    scorecard developed under paragraph (1) to evaluate whether each 
    Federal agency is creating the maximum practicable opportunities 
    for the award of prime contracts and subcontracts to small business 
    concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled by service-
    disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small 
    business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
    disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns owned and 
    controlled by women, by assigning a score to each Federal agency 
    for the previous fiscal year.
        (3) Contents of scorecard.--The scorecard developed under 
    paragraph (1) shall include, for each Federal agency, the following 
    information:
            (A) A determination of whether the Federal agency met each 
        of the prime contract goals established pursuant to section 
        15(g)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(B)) 
        with respect to small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
        qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns owned 
        and controlled by women.
            (B) A determination of whether the Federal agency met each 
        of the subcontract goals established pursuant to such section 
        with respect to small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
        qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns owned 
        and controlled by women.
            (C) The number of small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
        qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns owned 
        and controlled by women awarded prime contracts in each North 
        American Industry Classification System code during the fiscal 
        year and a comparison to the number of awarded contracts during 
        the prior fiscal year, if available.
            (D) The number of small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
        qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns owned 
        and controlled by women awarded subcontracts in each North 
        American Industry Classification System code during the fiscal 
        year and a comparison to the number of awarded subcontracts 
        during the prior fiscal year, if available.
            (E) Any other factors that the Administrator deems 
        important to achieve the maximum practicable utilization of 
        small business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
        small business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
        individuals, and small business concerns owned and controlled 
        by women.
        (4) Weighted factors.--In using the scorecard to evaluate and 
    assign a score to a Federal agency, the Administrator shall base--
            (A) fifty percent of the score on the dollar value of prime 
        contracts described in paragraph (3)(A); and
            (B) fifty percent of the score on the information provided 
        in subparagraphs (B) through (E) of paragraph (3), weighted in 
        a manner determined by the Administrator to encourage the 
        maximum practicable opportunity for the award of prime 
        contracts and subcontracts to small business concerns, small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled 
        veterans, qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
        economically disadvantaged individuals, and small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by women.
        (5) Publication.--The scorecard used by the Administrator under 
    this subsection shall be submitted to the President and Congress 
    along with the report submitted under section 15(h)(2) of the Small 
    Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(h)(2)).
        (6) Report.--After the Administrator uses the scorecard for 
    fiscal year 2018 to assign scores to Federal agencies, but not 
    later than March 31, 2019, the Administrator shall submit a report 
    to the Committee on Small Business of the House of Representatives 
    and the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the 
    Senate. Such report shall include the following:
            (A) A description of any increase in the dollar amount of 
        prime contracts and subcontracts awarded to small business 
        concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled by 
        service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small business 
        concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled by 
        socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, and small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by women.
            (B) A description of any increase in the dollar amount of 
        prime contracts and subcontracts, and the total number of 
        contracts, awarded to small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
        qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns owned 
        and controlled by women in each North American Industry 
        Classification System code.
            (C) The recommendation of the Administrator on continuing, 
        modifying, expanding, or terminating the program established 
        under this subsection.
        (7) GAO report on scorecard methodology.--Not later than 
    September 30, 2018, the Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall submit to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
    Entrepreneurship of the Senate a report that--
            (A) evaluates whether the methodology used to calculate a 
        score under this subsection accurately and effectively--
                (i) measures the compliance of each Federal agency with 
            meeting the goals established pursuant to section 
            15(g)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
            644(g)(1)(B)); and
                (ii) encourages Federal agencies to expand 
            opportunities for small business concerns, small business 
            concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
            qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small business 
            concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
            disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns 
            owned and controlled by women to compete for and be awarded 
            Federal procurement contracts across North American 
            Industry Classification System codes; and
            (B) if warranted, makes recommendations on how to improve 
        such methodology to improve its accuracy and effectiveness.
        (8) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the Small Business Administration.
            (B) Federal agency.--The term ``Federal agency'' has the 
        meaning given the term ``agency'' by section 551(1) of title 5, 
        United States Code, but does not include the United States 
        Postal Service or the Government Accountability Office.
            (C) Scorecard.--The term ``scorecard'' shall mean any 
        summary using a rating system to evaluate a Federal agency's 
        efforts to meet goals established under section 15(g)(1)(B) of 
        the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(B)) that--
                (i) includes the measures described in paragraph (3); 
            and
                (ii) assigns a score to each Federal agency evaluated.
            (D) Small business act definitions.--
                (i) In general.--The terms ``small business concern'', 
            ``small business concern owned and controlled by service-
            disabled veterans'', ``qualified HUBZone small business 
            concern'', and ``small business concern owned and 
            controlled by women'' have the meanings given such terms 
            under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
                (ii) Small business concerns owned and controlled by 
            socially and economically disadvantaged individuals.--The 
            term ``small business concern owned and controlled by 
            socially and economically disadvantaged individuals'' has 
            the meaning given that term under section 8(d)(3)(C) of the 
            Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(3)(C)).
    SEC. 869. ESTABLISHMENT OF AN OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS IN THE 
      SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION; PETITIONS FOR RECONSIDERATION OF 
      SIZE STANDARDS.
    (a) Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the Small 
Business Administration.--
        (1) In general.--Section 5 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
    634) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Office of Hearings and Appeals.--
        ``(1) Establishment.--
            ``(A) Office.--There is established in the Administration 
        an Office of Hearings and Appeals--
                ``(i) to impartially decide matters relating to program 
            decisions of the Administrator--

                    ``(I) for which Congress requires a hearing on the 
                record; or
                    ``(II) that the Administrator designates for 
                hearing by regulation; and

                ``(ii) which shall contain the office of the 
            Administration that handles requests submitted pursuant to 
            sections 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
            referred to as the `Freedom of Information Act') and 
            maintains records pursuant to section 552a of title 5, 
            United States Code (commonly referred to as the `Privacy 
            Act of 1974').
            ``(B) Jurisdiction.--The Office of Hearings and Appeals 
        shall only hear appeals of matters as described in this Act, 
        the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 661 et 
        seq.), and title 13 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
            ``(C) Associate administrator.--The head of the Office of 
        Hearings and Appeals shall be the Chief Hearing Officer 
        appointed under section 4(b)(1), who shall be responsible to 
        the Administrator.
        ``(2) Chief hearing officer duties.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Chief Hearing Officer shall--
                ``(i) be a career appointee in the Senior Executive 
            Service and an attorney licensed by a State, commonwealth, 
            territory or possession of the United States, or the 
            District of Columbia; and
                ``(ii) be responsible for the operation and management 
            of the Office of Hearings and Appeals.
            ``(B) Alternative dispute resolution.--The Chief Hearing 
        Officer may assign a matter for mediation or other means of 
        alternative dispute resolution.
        ``(3) Hearing officers.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Office of Hearings and Appeals shall 
        appoint Hearing Officers to carry out the duties described in 
        paragraph (1)(A)(i).
            ``(B) Conditions of employment.--A Hearing Officer 
        appointed under this paragraph--
                ``(i) shall serve in the excepted service as an 
            employee of the Administration under section 2103 of title 
            5, United States Code, and under the supervision of the 
            Chief Hearing Officer;
                ``(ii) shall be classified at a position to which 
            section 5376 of title 5, United States Code, applies; and
                ``(iii) shall be compensated at a rate not exceeding 
            the maximum rate payable under such section.
            ``(C) Authority; powers.--Notwithstanding section 556(b) of 
        title 5, United States Code--
                ``(i) a Hearing Officer may hear cases arising under 
            section 554 of such title;
                ``(ii) a Hearing Officer shall have the powers 
            described in section 556(c) of such title; and
                ``(iii) the relevant provisions of subchapter II of 
            chapter 5 of such title (except for section 556(b) of such 
            title) shall apply to such Hearing Officer.
            ``(D) Treatment of current personnel.--An individual 
        serving as a Judge in the Office of Hearings and Appeals (as 
        that position and office are designated in section 134.101 of 
        title 13, Code of Federal Regulations) on the effective date of 
        this subsection shall be considered as qualified to be, and 
        redesignated as, a Hearing Officer.
        ``(4) Hearing officer defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    `Hearing Officer' means an individual appointed or redesignated 
    under this subsection who is an attorney licensed by a State, 
    commonwealth, territory or possession of the United States, or the 
    District of Columbia.''.
        (2) Associate administrator as chief hearing officer.--Section 
    4(b)(1) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 633(b)) is amended by adding at the 
    end the following: ``One such Associate Administrator shall be the 
    Chief Hearing Officer, who shall administer the Office of Hearings 
    and Appeals established under section 5(i).''.
        (3) Repeal of regulation.--Section 134.102(t) of title 13, Code 
    of Federal Regulations, as in effect on January 1, 2015 (relating 
    to types of hearings within the jurisdiction of the Office of 
    Hearings and Appeals), shall have no force or effect.
    (b) Petitions for Reconsideration of Size Standards for Small 
Business Concerns.--Section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
632(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(9) Petitions for reconsideration of size standards.--
            ``(A) In general.--A person may file a petition for 
        reconsideration with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (as 
        established under section 5(i)) of a size standard revised, 
        modified, or established by the Administrator pursuant to this 
        subsection.
            ``(B) Time limit.--A person filing a petition for 
        reconsideration described in subparagraph (A) shall file such 
        petition not later than 30 days after the publication in the 
        Federal Register of the notice of final rule to revise, modify, 
        or establish size standards described in paragraph (6).
            ``(C) Process for agency review.--The Office of Hearings 
        and Appeals shall use the same process it uses to decide 
        challenges to the size of a small business concern to decide a 
        petition for review pursuant to this paragraph.
            ``(D) Judicial review.--The publication of a final rule in 
        the Federal Register described in subparagraph (B) shall be 
        considered final agency action for purposes of seeking judicial 
        review. Filing a petition for reconsideration under 
        subparagraph (A) shall not be a condition precedent to judicial 
        review of any such size standard.''.
    SEC. 870. ADDITIONAL DUTIES OF THE DIRECTOR OF SMALL AND 
      DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS UTILIZATION.
    Section 15(k) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(k)) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (15), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in paragraph (16)(C), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and''; and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (16) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(17) shall, when notified by a small business concern prior 
    to the award of a contract that the small business concern believes 
    that a solicitation, request for proposal, or request for quotation 
    unduly restricts the ability of the small business concern to 
    compete for the award--
            ``(A) submit the notice of the small business concern to 
        the contracting officer and, if necessary, recommend ways in 
        which the solicitation, request for proposal, or request for 
        quotation may be altered to increase the opportunity for 
        competition;
            ``(B) inform the advocate for competition of such agency 
        (as established under section 1705 of title 41, United States 
        Code, or section 2318 of title 10, United States Code) of such 
        notice; and
            ``(C) ensure that the small business concern is aware of 
        other resources and processes available to address unduly 
        restrictive provisions in a solicitation, request for proposal, 
        or request for quotation, even if such resources and processes 
        are provided by such agency, the Administration, the 
        Comptroller General, or a procurement technical assistance 
        program established under chapter 142 of title 10, United 
        States Code.''.
    SEC. 871. INCLUDING SUBCONTRACTING GOALS IN AGENCY 
      RESPONSIBILITIES.
    Section 1633(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2076; 15 U.S.C. 631 
note) is amended by striking ``assume responsibility for of the 
agency's success in achieving small business contracting goals and 
percentages'' and inserting ``assume responsibility for the agency's 
success in achieving each of the small business prime contracting and 
subcontracting goals and percentages''.
    SEC. 872. REPORTING RELATED TO FAILURE OF CONTRACTORS TO MEET GOALS 
      UNDER NEGOTIATED COMPREHENSIVE SMALL BUSINESS SUBCONTRACTING 
      PLANS.
    Paragraph (2) of section 834(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (15 U.S.C. 637 note), 
as added by section 821(d)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3434), is amended by striking ``may not 
negotiate'' and all that follows through the period at the end and 
inserting ``shall report to Congress on any negotiated comprehensive 
subcontracting plan that the Secretary determines did not meet the 
subcontracting goals negotiated in the plan for the prior fiscal 
year.''.
    SEC. 873. PILOT PROGRAM FOR STREAMLINING AWARDS FOR INNOVATIVE 
      TECHNOLOGY PROJECTS.
    (a) Exception From Certified Cost and Pricing Data Requirements.--
The requirements under section 2306a(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, shall not apply to a contract, subcontract, or modification of a 
contract or subcontract valued at less than $7,500,000 awarded to a 
small business or nontraditional defense contractor pursuant to--
        (1) a technical, merit-based selection procedure, such as a 
    broad agency announcement, or
        (2) the Small Business Innovation Research Program,
unless the head of the agency determines that submission of cost and 
pricing data should be required based on past performance of the 
specific small business or nontraditional defense contractor, or based 
on analysis of other information specific to the award.
    (b) Exception From Records Examination Requirement.--The 
requirements under subsection (b) of section 2313 of title 10, United 
States Code, shall not apply to a contract valued at less than 
$7,500,000 awarded to a small business or nontraditional defense 
contractor pursuant to--
        (1) a technical, merit-based selection procedure, such as a 
    broad agency announcement, or
        (2) the Small Business Innovation Research Program,
unless the head of the agency determines that auditing of records 
should be required based on past performance of the specific small 
business or nontraditional defense contractor, or based on analysis of 
other information specific to the award.
    (c) Sunset.--The exceptions under subsections (a) and (b) shall 
terminate on October 1, 2020.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Small business.--The term ``small business'' has the 
    meaning given the term ``small business concern'' under section 3 
    of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
        (2) Nontraditional defense contractor.--The term 
    ``nontraditional defense contractor'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 2302(9) of title 10, United States Code.
    (e) Small Business Innovation Research Program Administrative Fee 
Extension.--Section 9(mm)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
638(mm)(1)) is amended by striking ``, for the 3 fiscal years beginning 
after the date of enactment of this subsection,'' and inserting ``and 
until September 30, 2017,''.
    SEC. 874. SURETY BOND REQUIREMENTS AND AMOUNT OF GUARANTEE.
    (a) Surety Bond Requirements.--Chapter 93 of subtitle VI of title 
31, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 9310. Individual sureties
    ``If another applicable Federal law or regulation permits the 
acceptance of a bond from a surety that is not subject to sections 9305 
and 9306 and is based on a pledge of assets by the surety, the assets 
pledged by such surety shall--
        ``(1) consist of eligible obligations described under section 
    9303(a); and
        ``(2) be submitted to the official of the Government required 
    to approve or accept the bond, who shall deposit the obligations as 
    described under section 9303(b).''; and
        (2) in the table of contents for such chapter, by adding at the 
    end the following:

``9310. Individual sureties.''.

    (b) Amount of Surety Bond Guarantee From Small Business 
Administration.--Section 411(c)(1) of the Small Business Investment Act 
of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 694b(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``70'' and 
inserting ``90''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 875. REVIEW OF GOVERNMENT ACCESS TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 
      RIGHTS OF PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS.
    (a) Review Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into a 
    contract with an independent entity with appropriate expertise to 
    conduct a review of--
            (A) Department of Defense regulations, practices, and 
        sustainment requirements related to Government access to and 
        use of intellectual property rights of private sector firms; 
        and
            (B) Department of Defense practices related to the 
        procurement, management, and use of intellectual property 
        rights to facilitate competition in sustainment of weapon 
        systems throughout their life-cycle.
        (2) Consultation required.--The contract shall require that in 
    conducting the review, the independent entity shall consult with 
    the National Defense Technology and Industrial Base Council 
    (described in section 2502 of title 10, United States Code) and 
    each Center of Industrial and Technical Excellence (described in 
    section 2474 of title 10, United States Code).
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the findings 
of the independent entity, along with a description of any actions that 
the Secretary proposes to revise and clarify laws or that the Secretary 
may take to revise or clarify regulations related to intellectual 
property rights.
    SEC. 876. INCLUSION IN ANNUAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL CAPABILITY 
      ASSESSMENTS OF A DETERMINATION ABOUT DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAM 
      REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 2505(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (5) 
    and (6), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraphs (3) and (4):
        ``(3) determine the extent to which the requirements associated 
    with defense acquisition programs can be satisfied by the present 
    and projected performance capacities of industries supporting the 
    sectors or capabilities in the assessment, evaluate the reasons for 
    any variance from applicable preceding determinations, and identify 
    the extent to which those industries are comprised of only one 
    potential source in the national technology and industrial base or 
    have multiple potential sources;
        ``(4) determine the extent to which the requirements associated 
    with defense acquisition programs can be satisfied by the present 
    and projected performance capacities of industries that do not 
    actively support Department of Defense acquisition programs and 
    identify the barriers to the participation of those industries;''.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

    SEC. 881. CONSIDERATION OF POTENTIAL PROGRAM COST INCREASES AND 
      SCHEDULE DELAYS RESULTING FROM OVERSIGHT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
      PROGRAMS.
    (a) Avoidance of Unnecessary Cost Increases and Schedule Delays.--
The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the Deputy Chief 
Management Officer, the Director of the Defense Contract Management 
Agency, the Director of the Defense Contract Audit Agency, the 
Inspector General of the Department of Defense, and the heads of other 
defense audit, testing, acquisition, and management agencies shall 
ensure that policies, procedures, and activities implemented by their 
offices and agencies in connection with defense acquisition program 
oversight do not result in unnecessary increases in program costs or 
cost estimates or delays in schedule or schedule estimates.
    (b) Consideration of Private Sector Best Practices.--In considering 
potential cost increases and schedule delays as a result of oversight 
efforts pursuant to subsection (a), the officials described in such 
subsection shall consider private sector best practices with respect to 
oversight implementation.
    SEC. 882. EXAMINATION AND GUIDANCE RELATING TO OVERSIGHT AND 
      APPROVAL OF SERVICES CONTRACTS.
    Not later than March 1, 2016, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall--
        (1) complete an examination of the decision authority related 
    to acquisition of services; and
        (2) develop and issue guidance to improve capabilities and 
    processes related to requirements development and source selection 
    for, and oversight and management of, services contracts.
    SEC. 883. STREAMLINING OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO DEFENSE BUSINESS 
      SYSTEMS.
    (a) In General.--
        (1) Revision.--Section 2222 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2222. Defense business systems: business process reengineering; 
    enterprise architecture; management
    ``(a) Defense Business Processes Generally.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that defense business processes are reviewed, and 
as appropriate revised, through business process reengineering to match 
best commercial practices, to the maximum extent practicable, so as to 
minimize customization of commercial business systems.
    ``(b) Defense Business Systems Generally.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that each covered defense business system developed, 
deployed, and operated by the Department of Defense--
        ``(1) supports efficient business processes that have been 
    reviewed, and as appropriate revised, through business process 
    reengineering;
        ``(2) is integrated into a comprehensive defense business 
    enterprise architecture;
        ``(3) is managed in a manner that provides visibility into, and 
    traceability of, expenditures for the system; and
        ``(4) uses an acquisition and sustainment strategy that 
    prioritizes the use of commercial software and business practices.
    ``(c) Issuance of Guidance.--
        ``(1) Secretary of defense guidance.--The Secretary shall issue 
    guidance to provide for the coordination of, and decision making 
    for, the planning, programming, and control of investments in 
    covered defense business systems.
        ``(2) Supporting guidance.--The Secretary shall direct the 
    Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, the 
    Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
    Logistics, the Chief Information Officer, and the Chief Management 
    Officer of each of the military departments to issue and maintain 
    supporting guidance, as appropriate and within their respective 
    areas of responsibility, for the guidance of the Secretary issued 
    under paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Guidance Elements.--The guidance issued under subsection 
(c)(1) shall include the following elements:
        ``(1) Policy to ensure that the business processes of the 
    Department of Defense are continuously reviewed and revised--
            ``(A) to implement the most streamlined and efficient 
        business processes practicable; and
            ``(B) eliminate or reduce the need to tailor commercial 
        off-the-shelf systems to meet or incorporate requirements or 
        interfaces that are unique to the Department of Defense.
        ``(2) A process to establish requirements for covered defense 
    business systems.
        ``(3) Mechanisms for the planning and control of investments in 
    covered defense business systems, including a process for the 
    collection and review of programming and budgeting information for 
    covered defense business systems.
        ``(4) Policy requiring the periodic review of covered defense 
    business systems that have been fully deployed, by portfolio, to 
    ensure that investments in such portfolios are appropriate.
        ``(5) Policy to ensure full consideration of sustainability and 
    technological refreshment requirements, and the appropriate use of 
    open architectures.
        ``(6) Policy to ensure that best acquisition and systems 
    engineering practices are used in the procurement and deployment of 
    commercial systems, modified commercial systems, and defense-unique 
    systems to meet Department of Defense missions.
    ``(e) Defense Business Enterprise Architecture.--
        ``(1) Blueprint.--The Secretary, working through the Deputy 
    Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, shall 
    develop and maintain a blueprint to guide the development of 
    integrated business processes within the Department of Defense. 
    Such blueprint shall be known as the `defense business enterprise 
    architecture'.
        ``(2) Purpose.--The defense business enterprise architecture 
    shall be sufficiently defined to effectively guide implementation 
    of interoperable defense business system solutions and shall be 
    consistent with the policies and procedures established by the 
    Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
        ``(3) Elements.--The defense business enterprise architecture 
    shall--
            ``(A) include policies, procedures, business data 
        standards, business performance measures, and business 
        information requirements that apply uniformly throughout the 
        Department of Defense; and
            ``(B) enable the Department of Defense to--
                ``(i) comply with all applicable law, including Federal 
            accounting, financial management, and reporting 
            requirements;
                ``(ii) routinely produce verifiable, timely, accurate, 
            and reliable business and financial information for 
            management purposes;
                ``(iii) integrate budget, accounting, and program 
            information and systems; and
                ``(iv) identify whether each existing business system 
            is a part of the business systems environment outlined by 
            the defense business enterprise architecture, will become a 
            part of that environment with appropriate modifications, or 
            is not a part of that environment.
        ``(4) Integration into information technology architecture.--
    (A) The defense business enterprise architecture shall be 
    integrated into the information technology enterprise architecture 
    required under subparagraph (B).
        ``(B) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
    Defense shall develop an information technology enterprise 
    architecture. The architecture shall describe a plan for improving 
    the information technology and computing infrastructure of the 
    Department of Defense, including for each of the major business 
    processes conducted by the Department of Defense.
    ``(f) Defense Business Council.--
        ``(1) Requirement for council.--The Secretary shall establish a 
    Defense Business Council to provide advice to the Secretary on 
    developing the defense business enterprise architecture, 
    reengineering the Department's business processes, developing and 
    deploying defense business systems, and developing requirements for 
    defense business systems. The Council shall be chaired by the 
    Deputy Chief Management Officer and the Chief Information Officer 
    of the Department of Defense.
        ``(2) Membership.--The membership of the Council shall include 
    the following:
            ``(A) The Chief Management Officers of the military 
        departments, or their designees.
            ``(B) The following officials of the Department of Defense, 
        or their designees:
                ``(i) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
            Technology, and Logistics with respect to acquisition, 
            logistics, and installations management processes.
                ``(ii) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) 
            with respect to financial management and planning and 
            budgeting processes.
                ``(iii) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
            and Readiness with respect to human resources management 
            processes.
    ``(g) Approvals Required for Development.--
        ``(1) Initial approval required.--The Secretary shall ensure 
    that a covered defense business system program cannot proceed into 
    development (or, if no development is required, into production or 
    fielding) unless the appropriate approval official (as specified in 
    paragraph (2)) determines that--
            ``(A) the system has been, or is being, reengineered to be 
        as streamlined and efficient as practicable, and the 
        implementation of the system will maximize the elimination of 
        unique software requirements and unique interfaces;
            ``(B) the system and business system portfolio are or will 
        be in compliance with the defense business enterprise 
        architecture developed pursuant to subsection (e) or will be in 
        compliance as a result of modifications planned;
            ``(C) the system has valid, achievable requirements and a 
        viable plan for implementing those requirements (including, as 
        appropriate, market research, business process reengineering, 
        and prototyping activities);
            ``(D) the system has an acquisition strategy designed to 
        eliminate or reduce the need to tailor commercial off-the-shelf 
        systems to meet unique requirements, incorporate unique 
        requirements, or incorporate unique interfaces to the maximum 
        extent practicable; and
            ``(E) is in compliance with the Department's auditability 
        requirements.
        ``(2) Appropriate official.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the 
    appropriate approval official with respect to a covered defense 
    business system is the following:
            ``(A) Except as may be provided in subparagraph (C), in the 
        case of a priority defense business system, the Deputy Chief 
        Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
            ``(B) Except as may be provided in subparagraph (C), for 
        any defense business system other than a priority defense 
        business system--
                ``(i) in the case of a system of a military department, 
            the Chief Management Officer of that military department; 
            and
                ``(ii) in the case of a system of a Defense Agency or 
            Department of Defense Field Activity, or a system that will 
            support the business process of more than one military 
            department or Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field 
            Activity, the Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
            Department of Defense.
            ``(C) In the case of any defense business system, such 
        official other than the applicable official under subparagraph 
        (A) or (B) as the Secretary designates for such purpose.
        ``(3) Annual certification.--For any fiscal year in which funds 
    are expended for development or sustainment pursuant to a covered 
    defense business system program, the appropriate approval official 
    shall review the system and certify, certify with conditions, or 
    decline to certify, as the case may be, that it continues to 
    satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1). If the approval official 
    determines that certification cannot be granted, the approval 
    official shall notify the milestone decision authority for the 
    program and provide a recommendation for corrective action.
        ``(4) Obligation of funds in violation of requirements.--The 
    obligation of Department of Defense funds for a covered defense 
    business system program that has not been certified in accordance 
    with paragraph (3) is a violation of section 1341(a)(1)(A) of title 
    31.
    ``(h) Responsibility of Milestone Decision Authority.--The 
milestone decision authority for a covered defense business system 
program shall be responsible for the acquisition of such system and 
shall ensure that acquisition process approvals are not considered for 
such system until the relevant certifications and approvals have been 
made under this section.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1)(A) Defense business system.--The term `defense business 
    system' means an information system that is operated by, for, or on 
    behalf of the Department of Defense, including any of the 
    following:
            ``(i) A financial system.
            ``(ii) A financial data feeder system.
            ``(iii) A contracting system.
            ``(iv) A logistics system.
            ``(v) A planning and budgeting system.
            ``(vi) An installations management system.
            ``(vii) A human resources management system.
            ``(viii) A training and readiness system.
        ``(B) The term does not include--
            ``(i) a national security system; or
            ``(ii) an information system used exclusively by and within 
        the defense commissary system or the exchange system or other 
        instrumentality of the Department of Defense conducted for the 
        morale, welfare, and recreation of members of the armed forces 
        using nonappropriated funds.
        ``(2) Covered defense business system.--The term `covered 
    defense business system' means a defense business system that is 
    expected to have a total amount of budget authority, over the 
    period of the current future-years defense program submitted to 
    Congress under section 221 of this title, in excess of $50,000,000.
        ``(3) Business system portfolio.--The term `business system 
    portfolio' means all business systems performing functions closely 
    related to the functions performed or to be performed by a covered 
    defense business system.
        ``(4) Covered defense business system program.--The term 
    `covered defense business system program' means a defense 
    acquisition program to develop and field a covered defense business 
    system or an increment of a covered defense business system.
        ``(5) Priority defense business system program.--The term 
    `priority defense business system' means a defense business system 
    that is--
            ``(A) expected to have a total amount of budget authority 
        over the period of the current future-years defense program 
        submitted to Congress under section 221 of this title in excess 
        of $250,000,000; or
            ``(B) designated by the Deputy Chief Management Officer of 
        the Department of Defense as a priority defense business 
        system, based on specific program analyses of factors including 
        complexity, scope, and technical risk, and after notification 
        to Congress of such designation.
        ``(6) Enterprise architecture.--The term `enterprise 
    architecture' has the meaning given that term in section 3601(4) of 
    title 44.
        ``(7) Information system.--The term `information system' has 
    the meaning given that term in section 11101 of title 40, United 
    States Code.
        ``(8) National security system.--The term `national security 
    system' has the meaning given that term in section 3552(b)(6)(A) of 
    title 44.
        ``(9) Business process mapping.--The term `business process 
    mapping' means a procedure in which the steps in a business process 
    are clarified and documented in both written form and in a flow 
    chart.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by striking the item relating to section 
    2222 and inserting the following new item:

``2222. Defense business systems: business process reengineering; 
          enterprise architecture; management.''.

    (b) Deadline for Guidance.--The guidance required by subsection 
(c)(1) of section 2222 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
subsection (a)(1), shall be issued not later than December 31, 2016.
    (c) Repeal.--Section 811 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 
2222 note) is repealed.
    (d) Comptroller General Assessment.--
        (1) Assessment required.--In each odd-numbered year, the 
    Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees an assessment of the extent to 
    which the actions taken by the Department of Defense comply with 
    the requirements of section 2222 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Repeal of superseded provision.--Subsection (d) of section 
    332 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 1856) is repealed.
    (e) Guidance on Acquisition of Business Systems.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall issue guidance for major automated information systems 
acquisition programs to promote the use of best acquisition, 
contracting, requirement development, systems engineering, program 
management, and sustainment practices, including--
        (1) ensuring that an acquisition program baseline has been 
    established within two years after program initiation;
        (2) ensuring that program requirements have not changed in a 
    manner that increases acquisition costs or delays the schedule, 
    without sufficient cause and only after maximum efforts to 
    reengineer business processes prior to changing requirements;
        (3) policies to evaluate commercial off-the-shelf business 
    systems for security, resilience, reliability, interoperability, 
    and integration with existing interrelated systems where such 
    system integration and interoperability are essential to Department 
    of Defense operations;
        (4) policies to work with commercial off-the-shelf business 
    system developers and owners in adapting systems for Department of 
    Defense use;
        (5) policies to perform Department of Defense legacy system 
    audits to determine which systems are related to or rely upon the 
    system to be replaced or integrated with commercial off-the-shelf 
    business systems;
        (6) policies to perform full backup of systems that will be 
    changed or replaced by the installation of commercial off-the-shelf 
    business systems prior to installation and deployment to ensure 
    reconstitution of the system to a functioning state should it 
    become necessary;
        (7) policies to engage the research and development activities 
    and laboratories of the Department of Defense to improve 
    acquisition outcomes; and
        (8) policies to refine and improve developmental and 
    operational testing of business processes that are supported by the 
    major automated information systems.
    SEC. 884. PROCUREMENT OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.
    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Secretaries of the 
Army, Navy, and Air Force, in procuring an item of personal protective 
equipment or a critical safety item, use source selection criteria that 
is predominately based on technical qualifications of the item and not 
predominately based on price to the maximum extent practicable if the 
level of quality or failure of the item could result in death or severe 
bodily harm to the user, as determined by the Secretaries.
    SEC. 885. AMENDMENTS CONCERNING DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE OF 
      COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONIC PARTS.
    (a) Amendments Related to Contractor Responsibilities.--Section 
818(c)(2)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
        (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``electronic'' after ``avoid 
    counterfeit'';
        (2) in clause (ii)--
            (A) by inserting ``covered'' after ``provided to the''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or were obtained by the covered 
        contractor in accordance with regulations described in 
        paragraph (3)'' after ``Regulation''; and
        (3) in clause (iii), by inserting ``discovers the counterfeit 
    electronic parts or suspect counterfeit electronic parts and'' 
    after ``contractor''.
    (b) Amendments Related to Trusted Suppliers.--Section 
818(c)(3)(D)(iii) of such Act (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) 
is amended by striking ``review and audit'' and inserting ``review, 
audit, and approval''.
    SEC. 886. EXCEPTION FOR ABILITYONE PRODUCTS FROM AUTHORITY TO 
      ACQUIRE GOODS AND SERVICES MANUFACTURED IN AFGHANISTAN, CENTRAL 
      ASIAN STATES, AND DJIBOUTI.
    (a) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in Afghanistan.--
Section 886 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2008 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and except as provided in 
    subsection (d),'' after ``subsection (b),''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement Catalog.--
The authority under subsection (a) shall not be available for the 
procurement of any good that is contained in the procurement catalog 
described in section 8503(a) of title 41, United States Code, in 
Afghanistan if such good can be produced and delivered by a qualified 
nonprofit agency for the blind or a nonprofit agency for other severely 
disabled in a timely fashion to support mission requirements.''.
    (b) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in Central Asian 
States.--Section 801 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and except as provided in 
    subsection (h),'' after ``subsection (b),''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement Catalog.--
The authority under subsection (a) shall not be available for the 
procurement of any good that is contained in the procurement catalog 
described in section 8503(a) of title 41, United States Code, if such 
good can be produced and delivered by a qualified nonprofit agency for 
the blind or a nonprofit agency for other severely disabled in a timely 
fashion to support mission requirements.''.
    (c) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in Djibouti.--
Section 1263 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by inserting ``and except as provided in 
    subsection (g),'' after ``subsection (c),''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement Catalog.--
The authority under subsection (b) shall not be available for the 
procurement of any good that is contained in the procurement catalog 
described in section 8503(a) of title 41, United States Code, if such 
good can be produced and delivered by a qualified nonprofit agency for 
the blind or a nonprofit agency for other severely disabled in a timely 
fashion to support mission requirements.''.
    SEC. 887. EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council shall prescribe a 
regulation making clear that agency acquisition personnel are permitted 
and encouraged to engage in responsible and constructive exchanges with 
industry, so long as those exchanges are consistent with existing law 
and regulation and do not promote an unfair competitive advantage to 
particular firms.
    SEC. 888. STANDARDS FOR PROCUREMENT OF SECURE INFORMATION 
      TECHNOLOGY AND CYBER SECURITY SYSTEMS.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the application of the Open Trusted Technology Provider 
Standard or similar public, open technology standards to Department of 
Defense procurements for information technology and cyber security 
acquisitions and provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment and briefing required by subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
        (1) Assessment of the current Open Trusted Technology Provider 
    Standard to determine what aspects might be adopted by the 
    Department of Defense and where additional development of the 
    standard may be required.
        (2) Identification of the types or classes of programs where 
    the standard might be applied most effectively, as well as 
    identification of types or classes of programs that should 
    specifically be excluded from consideration.
        (3) Assessment of the impact on current acquisition regulations 
    or policies of the adoption of the standard.
        (4) Recommendations the Secretary may have related to the 
    adoption of the standard or improvement in the standard to support 
    Department acquisitions.
        (5) Any other matters the Secretary may deem appropriate.
    SEC. 889. UNIFIED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES.
    (a) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Chief Management Officer, the 
Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, and the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall 
jointly complete a business case analysis to determine the most 
effective and efficient way to procure and deploy common information 
technology services.
    (b) Elements.--The business case analysis required by subsection 
(a) shall include an assessment of whether the Department of Defense 
should--
        (1) either--
            (A) acquire a unified set of commercially provided common 
        or enterprise information technology services, including such 
        services as messaging, collaboration, directory, security, and 
        content delivery; or
            (B) allow the military departments and other components of 
        the Department to acquire such services separately;
        (2) either--
            (A) acquire such services from a single provider that 
        bundles all of the services; or
            (B) require that each common service be independently 
        defined and use open standards to enable continuous adoption of 
        best commercial technology; and
        (3) enable availability of multiple versions of each type of 
    service and application to enable choice and competition while 
    supporting interoperability where necessary.
    SEC. 890. CLOUD STRATEGY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Cloud Strategy for Secret Internet Protocol Router Network.--
        (1) In general.--The Chief Information Officer of the 
    Department of Defense shall, in consultation with the Under 
    Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, the Vice 
    Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the chief information 
    officers of the military departments, develop a cloud strategy for 
    the Secret Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNet) of the 
    Department.
        (2) Matters addressed.--This strategy required by paragraph (1) 
    shall address the following:
            (A) Security requirements.
            (B) The compatibility of applications currently utilized 
        within the Secret Internet Protocol Router Network with a cloud 
        computing environment.
            (C) How a Secret Internet Protocol Router Network cloud 
        capability should be competitively acquired.
            (D) How a Secret Internet Protocol Router Network cloud 
        system for the Department would achieve interoperability with 
        the cloud systems of the intelligence community (as defined in 
        section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
        3003)) operating at the security level Sensitive Compartmented 
        Information.
    (b) Pricing Policy and Cost Recovery Process for Certain Cloud 
Services.--The Chief Information Officer shall, in consultation with 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, develop a consistent 
pricing policy and cost recovery process for the use by Department of 
Defense components of the cloud services provided through the 
Intelligence Community Information Technology Environment.
    (c) Assessment of Feasibility and Advisability of Imposing Minimum 
Standards.--The Chief Information Officer shall assess the feasibility 
and advisability of imposing a minimum set of open standards for cloud 
infrastructure, middle-ware, metadata, and application programming 
interfaces to promote interoperability, information sharing, ease of 
access to data, and competition across all of the cloud computing 
systems and services utilized by components of the Department of 
Defense.
    SEC. 891. DEVELOPMENT PERIOD FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INFORMATION 
      TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS.
    (a) Flexible Limitation on Development Period.--Section 2445b of 
title 10, United States Code is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(d) Time-certain Development.--If an adjustment or revision under 
subsection (c) for a major automated information system that is not a 
national security system provides for a period in excess of five years 
from the time of program initiation to the time of a full deployment 
decision, the documents submitted under subsection (a) shall include a 
written determination by the senior Department of Defense official 
responsible for the program justifying the need for the longer 
period.''.
    (b) Repeal of Inconsistent Requirement.--Section 2445c(c)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking the semicolon at the end 
    and inserting ``; or'';
        (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
    period; and
        (3) by striking subparagraph (D).
    SEC. 892. REVISIONS TO PILOT PROGRAM ON ACQUISITION OF MILITARY 
      PURPOSE NONDEVELOPMENTAL ITEMS.
    Section 866 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``with nontraditional 
    defense contractors''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``awarded using 
        competitive procedures in accordance with chapter 137 of title 
        10, United States Code''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$50,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$100,000,000''.
    SEC. 893. IMPROVED AUDITING OF CONTRACTS.
    (a) Prohibition on Performance of Non-defense Audits by DCAA.--
        (1) In general.--Effective on the date of the enactment of this 
    Act, the Defense Contract Audit Agency may not provide audit 
    support for non-Defense Agencies unless the Secretary of Defense 
    certifies that the backlog for incurred cost audits is less than 18 
    months of incurred cost inventory.
        (2) Adjustment in funding for reimbursements from non-defense 
    agencies.--The amount appropriated and otherwise available to the 
    Defense Contract Audit Agency for a fiscal year beginning after 
    September 30, 2016, shall be reduced by an amount equivalent to any 
    reimbursements received by the Agency from non-Defense Agencies for 
    audit support provided.
    (b) Amendments to Defense Contract Audit Agency Annual Report.--
Section 2313a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2), by amending subparagraph (D) to read as 
    follows:
            ``(D) the total costs of sustained or recovered costs both 
        as a total number and as a percentage of questioned costs; 
        and'';
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
        (4) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(4) a description of outreach actions toward industry to 
    promote more effective use of audit resources; and''.
    (c) Review of Acquisition Oversight and Audits.--
        (1) Review required.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
    oversight and audit structure of the Department of Defense with the 
    goals of--
            (A) enhancing the productivity of oversight and program and 
        contract auditing to avoid duplicative audits; and
            (B) streamlining of oversight reviews.
        (2) Recommendations.--The Secretary shall ensure streamlined 
    oversight reviews and avoidance of duplicative audits and make 
    recommendations in the report required under paragraph (3) for any 
    necessary changes in law.
        (3) Report.--
            (A) Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on actions taken to 
        avoid duplicative audits and streamline oversight reviews.
            (B) The report required under this paragraph shall include 
        the following elements:
                (i) A description of actions taken to avoid duplicative 
            audits and streamline oversight reviews based on the review 
            conducted under paragraph (1).
                (ii) A comparison of commercial industry accounting 
            practices, including requirements under the Sarbanes-Oxley 
            Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-204; 15 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), 
            with the cost accounting standards prescribed under chapter 
            15 of title 41, United States Code, to determine if some 
            portions of cost accounting standards compliance can be met 
            through such practices or requirements.
                (iii) A description of standards of materiality used by 
            the Defense Contract Audit Agency and the Inspector General 
            of the Department of Defense for defense contract audits.
                (iv) An estimate of average delay and range of delays 
            in contract awards due to the time necessary for the 
            Defense Contract Audit Agency to complete pre-award audits.
                (v) The total costs of sustained or recovered costs 
            both as a total number and as a percentage of questioned 
            costs.
    (d) Incurred Cost Inventory Defined.--In this section, the term 
``incurred cost inventory'' means the level of contractor incurred cost 
proposals in inventory from prior fiscal years that are currently being 
audited by the Defense Contract Audit Agency.
    SEC. 894. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON EVALUATION METHOD FOR PROCUREMENT OF 
      AUDIT OR AUDIT READINESS SERVICES.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
        (1) Given the size, scope, and complexity of the Department of 
    Defense, the statutory deadline to establish and maintain auditable 
    financial statements, starting with the fiscal year 2018 financial 
    statement, is one of the more challenging management tasks that has 
    ever faced the Department.
        (2) As the military services have never received a clean 
    opinion on their consolidated financial statements and only 
    recently begun auditing portions of their financial statements, the 
    audits of military service financial statements will also be a 
    complex challenge for companies selected to provide audit services.
        (3) The acquisition of services by the Department abides by 
    many rules and parameters, one of which is the lowest price, 
    technically acceptable (LPTA) evaluation method. LPTA is generally 
    appropriate for commercial or noncomplex services or supplies where 
    the requirement is clearly definable and the risk of unsuccessful 
    contract performance is minimal.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, before 
using the lowest price, technically acceptable evaluation method for 
the procurement of audit or audit readiness services, the Secretary of 
Defense should establish the values and metrics for evaluating 
companies offering audit services, including financial management and 
audit expertise and experience, personnel qualifications and 
certifications, past performance, technology, tools, and size.
    SEC. 895. MITIGATING POTENTIAL UNFAIR COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE OF 
      TECHNICAL ADVISORS TO ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics shall review, and as necessary revise or issue, policy 
guidance pertaining to the identification, mitigation, and prevention 
of potential unfair competitive advantage conferred to technical 
advisors to acquisition programs.
    SEC. 896. SURVEY ON THE COSTS OF REGULATORY COMPLIANCE.
    (a) Survey.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a survey of 
contractors with the highest level of reimbursements for cost type 
contracts with the Department of Defense during fiscal year 2014 to 
estimate industry's cost of regulatory compliance (as a percentage of 
total costs) with Government-unique acquisition regulations and 
requirements in the categories of quality assurance, accounting and 
financial management, contracting and purchasing, program management, 
engineering, logistics, material management, property administration, 
and other unique requirements not imposed on contracts for commercial 
items.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the findings of the survey 
conducted under subsection (a). The data received as a result of the 
survey and included in the report shall be aggregated to protect 
against the public release of proprietary information.
    SEC. 897. TREATMENT OF INTERAGENCY AND STATE AND LOCAL PURCHASES 
      WHEN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACTS AS CONTRACT INTERMEDIARY FOR 
      THE GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION.
    Contracts executed by the Department of Defense as a result of the 
transfer of contracts from the General Services Administration or for 
which the Department serves as an item manager for products on behalf 
of the General Services Administration shall not be subject to 
requirements under chapter 148 of title 10, United States Code, to the 
extent such contracts are for purchases of products by other Federal 
agencies or State or local governments.
    SEC. 898. COMPETITION FOR RELIGIOUS SERVICES CONTRACTS.
    The Department of Defense may not preclude a non-profit 
organization from competing for a contract for religious related 
services on a United States military installation.
    SEC. 899. PILOT PROGRAM REGARDING RISK-BASED CONTRACTING FOR 
      SMALLER CONTRACT ACTIONS UNDER THE TRUTH IN NEGOTIATIONS ACT.
    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may conduct 
a pilot program to demonstrate the efficacy of using risk-based 
techniques in requiring submission of data on a sampling basis for 
purposes of section 2306a of title 10, United States Code (popularly 
known as the ``Truth in Negotiations Act'').
    (b) Increase in Thresholds.--For purposes of a pilot program under 
subsection (a), $5,000,000 shall be the threshold applicable to 
requirements under paragraph (1) of section 2306a(a) of such title, as 
follows:
        (1) The requirement under subparagraph (A) of such paragraph to 
    submit cost or pricing data for a prime contract entered into 
    during the pilot program period.
        (2) The requirement under subparagraph (B) of such paragraph to 
    submit cost or pricing data for the change or modification to a 
    prime contract made during the pilot program period.
        (3) The requirement under subparagraph (C) of such paragraph to 
    submit cost or pricing data for a subcontract entered into during 
    the pilot program period.
        (4) The requirement under subparagraph (D) of such paragraph to 
    submit cost or pricing data for the change or modification to a 
    subcontract made during the pilot program period.
    (c) Risk-based Contracting.--
        (1) Authority to require submission of cost or pricing data on 
    below-threshold contracts.--Subject to paragraph (4), when 
    certified cost or pricing data are not required to be submitted 
    pursuant to subsection (b) for a contract or subcontract entered 
    into or modified during the pilot program period, such data may 
    nevertheless be required to be submitted by the head of the 
    procuring activity, if the head of the procuring activity--
            (A) determines that such data are necessary for the 
        evaluation by the agency of the reasonableness of the price of 
        the contract, subcontract, or modification of a contract or 
        subcontract; or
            (B) requires the submission of such data in accordance with 
        a risk-based contracting approach established pursuant to 
        paragraph (3).
        (2) Written determination required.--In any case in which the 
    head of the procuring activity requires certified cost or pricing 
    data to be submitted under paragraph (1)(A), the head of the 
    procuring activity shall justify in writing the reason for such 
    requirement.
        (3) Risk-based contracting.--The head of an agency shall 
    establish a risk-based sampling approach under which the submission 
    of certified cost or pricing data may be required for a risk-based 
    sample of contracts, the price of which is expected to exceed 
    $750,000 but not $5,000,000. The authority to require certified 
    cost or pricing data under this paragraph shall not apply to any 
    contract of an offeror that has not been awarded, for at least the 
    one-year period preceding the issuance of a solicitation for the 
    contract, any other contract in excess of $5,000,000 under which 
    the offeror was required to submit certified cost or pricing data 
    under section 2306a of title 10, United States Code.
        (4) Exception.--The head of the procuring activity may not 
    require certified cost or pricing data to be submitted under this 
    subsection for any contract or subcontract, or modification of a 
    contract or subcontract, covered by the exceptions in subparagraph 
    (A) or (B) of section 2306a(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code.
        (5) Delegation of authority prohibited.--The head of a 
    procuring activity may not delegate functions under this 
    subsection.
    (d) Reports.--Not later than January 1, 2017, and January 1, 2019, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on activities undertaken under this section.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Head of an agency.--The term ``head of an agency'' has the 
    meaning given the term in section 2302 of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (2) Pilot program period.--The term ``pilot program period'' 
    means the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on 
    September 30, 2019.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 901. Update of statutory specification of functions of the Chairman 
          of the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force 
          development activities.
Sec. 902. Sense of Congress on the United States Marine Corps.
    SEC. 901. UPDATE OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF FUNCTIONS OF THE 
      CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF RELATING TO JOINT FORCE 
      DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES.
    Section 153(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(F) Advising the Secretary on development of joint command, 
    control, communications, and cyber capability, including 
    integration and interoperability of such capability, through 
    requirements, integrated architectures, data standards, and 
    assessments.''.
    SEC. 902. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS.
    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
        (1) As senior United States statesman Dr. Henry Kissinger wrote 
    in testimony submitted to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
    Senate on January 29, 2015, ``The United States has not faced a 
    more diverse and complex array of crises since the end of the 
    Second World War.''.
        (2) The rise of non-state forces and near peer competitors has 
    introduced destabilizing pressures around the globe.
        (3) Advances in information and weapons technology have reduced 
    the time available for the United States to prepare for and respond 
    to crises against both known and unknown threats.
        (4) The importance of the maritime domain cannot be overstated. 
    As acknowledged in the March 2015 Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast 
    Guard maritime strategy, ``A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century 
    Seapower: Forward, Engaged, Ready'': ``Oceans are the lifeblood of 
    the interconnected global community. . . 90 percent of trade by 
    volume travels across the oceans. Approximately 70 percent of the 
    world's population lives within 100 miles of the coastline.''.
        (5) The United States must be prepared to rapidly respond to 
    crises around the world regardless of the nation's fiscal health.
        (6) In this global security environment, it is critical that 
    the nation possess a maritime force whose mission and ethos is 
    readiness--a fight tonight force, forward deployed, that can 
    respond immediately to emergent crises across the full range of 
    military operations around the globe either from the sea or home 
    station.
        (7) The need for such a force was recognized by the 82nd 
    Congress during the Korean War, when it mandated a core mission for 
    the nation's leanest force--the Marine Corps--to be most ready when 
    the nation is least ready.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the Marine Corps, within the Department of the Navy, remain 
    the Nation's expeditionary, crisis response force;
        (2) the need for such a force with such a capability has never 
    been greater; and
        (3) accordingly, in recognition of this need and the wisdom of 
    the 82nd Congress, the 114th Congress reaffirms section 5063 of 
    title 10, United States Code, which states that the Marine Corps--
            (A) shall--
                (i) be organized to include not less than three combat 
            divisions and three air wings, and such other land combat, 
            aviation, and other services as may be organic therein;
                (ii) be organized, trained, and equipped to provide 
            fleet marine forces of combined arms, together with 
            supporting air components, for service with the fleet in 
            the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and for the 
            conduct of such land operations as may be essential to the 
            prosecution of a naval campaign; and
                (iii) provide detachments and organizations for service 
            on armed vessels of the Navy, provide security detachments 
            for the protection of naval property at naval stations and 
            bases, and perform such other duties as the President may 
            direct;
        but these additional duties may not detract from nor interfere 
        with the operations for which the Marine Corps is primarily 
        organized;
            (B) shall develop, in coordination with the Army and the 
        Air Force, those phases of amphibious operations that pertain 
        to the tactics, techniques, and equipment used by landing 
        forces; and
            (C) is responsible, in accordance with the integrated joint 
        mobilization plans, for the expansion of peacetime components 
        of the Marine Corps to meet the needs of war.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Accounting standards to value certain property, plant, and 
          equipment items.
Sec. 1003. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1004. Sense of Congress on sequestration.
Sec. 1005. Annual audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
          components by independent external auditors.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Extension and expansion of authority to provide additional 
          support for counter-drug activities of certain foreign 
          governments.
Sec. 1013. Sense of Congress on Central America.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Additional information supporting long-range plans for 
          construction of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1023. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
          certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Limitation on the use of funds for removal of ballistic 
          missile defense capabilities from Ticonderoga class cruisers.
Sec. 1026. Independent assessment of United States Combat Logistic Force 
          requirements.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
          certain countries of individuals detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Reenactment and modification of certain prior requirements 
          for certifications relating to transfer of detainees at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to foreign 
          countries and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1035. Comprehensive detention strategy.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
          closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Report on current detainees at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, determined or assessed to be high risk 
          or medium risk.
Sec. 1038. Reports to Congress on contact between terrorists and 
          individuals formerly detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1039. Inclusion in reports to Congress of information about 
          recidivism of individuals formerly detained at United States 
          Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1040. Report to Congress on terms of written agreements with 
          foreign countries regarding transfer of detainees at United 
          States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1041. Report on use of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba, and other Department of Defense or Bureau of Prisons 
          prisons or detention or disciplinary facilities in recruitment 
          or other propaganda of terrorist organizations.
Sec. 1042. Permanent authority to provide rewards through government 
          personnel of allied forces and certain other modifications to 
          Department of Defense program to provide rewards.
Sec. 1043. Sunset on exception to congressional notification of 
          sensitive military operations.
Sec. 1044. Repeal of semiannual reports on obligation and expenditure of 
          funds for the combating terrorism program.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on interrogation techniques.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Department of Defense excess property program.
Sec. 1052. Sale or donation of excess personal property for border 
          security activities.
Sec. 1053. Management of military technicians.
Sec. 1054. Limitation on transfer of certain AH-64 Apache helicopters 
          from Army National Guard to regular Army and related personnel 
          levels.
Sec. 1055. Authority to provide training and support to personnel of 
          foreign ministries of defense.
Sec. 1056. Information operations and engagement technology 
          demonstrations.
Sec. 1057. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of Helicopter Sea 
          Combat Squadron 84 and 85 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
          certain landmines and report on department of defense policy 
          and inventory of anti-personnel landmine munitions.
Sec. 1059. Department of Defense authority to provide assistance to 
          secure the southern land border of the United States.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1060. Provision of defense planning guidance and contingency 
          planning guidance information to Congress.
Sec. 1061. Expedited meetings of the National Commission on the Future 
          of the Army.
Sec. 1062. Modification of certain reports submitted by Comptroller 
          General of the United States.
Sec. 1063. Report on implementation of the geographically distributed 
          force laydown in the area of responsibility of United States 
          Pacific Command.
Sec. 1064. Independent study of national security strategy formulation 
          process.
Sec. 1065. Report on the status of detection, identification, and 
          disablement capabilities related to remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1066. Report on options to accelerate the training of pilots of 
          remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1067. Studies of fleet platform architectures for the Navy.
Sec. 1068. Report on strategy to protect United States national security 
          interests in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1069. Comptroller General briefing and report on major medical 
          facility projects of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1070. Submittal to Congress of munitions assessments.
Sec. 1071. Potential role for United States ground forces in the Western 
          Pacific theater.
Sec. 1072. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          military personnel issues.
Sec. 1073. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements relating to 
          readiness.
Sec. 1074. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to naval 
          vessels and Merchant Marine.
Sec. 1075. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          civilian personnel.
Sec. 1076. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          nuclear proliferation and related matters.
Sec. 1077. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
          acquisition.
Sec. 1078. Repeal or revision of miscellaneous reporting requirements.
Sec. 1079. Repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 1080. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
          reports required of Department of Defense by statute.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Situations involving bombings of places of public use, 
          Government facilities, public transportation systems, and 
          infrastructure facilities.
Sec. 1083. Executive agent for the oversight and management of 
          alternative compensatory control measures.
Sec. 1084. Navy support of Ocean Research Advisory Panel.
Sec. 1085. Level of readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers.
Sec. 1086. Reform and improvement of personnel security, insider threat 
          detection and prevention, and physical security.
Sec. 1087. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
          of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1088. Modification of requirements for transferring aircraft within 
          the Air Force inventory.
Sec. 1089. Reestablishment of Commission to Assess the Threat to the 
          United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack.
Sec. 1090. Mine countermeasures master plan and report.
Sec. 1091. Congressional notification and briefing requirement on 
          ordered evacuations of United States embassies and consulates 
          involving support provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1092. Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator.
Sec. 1093. Sense of Congress on the inadvertent transfer of anthrax from 
          the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1094. Modification of certain requirements applicable to major 
          medical facility lease for a Department of Veterans Affairs 
          outpatient clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Sec. 1095. Authorization of fiscal year 2015 major medical facility 
          projects of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1096. Designation of construction agent for certain construction 
          projects by Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1097. Department of Defense strategy for countering unconventional 
          warfare.

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.
    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
        (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of Defense 
    that such action is necessary in the national interest, the 
    Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made available to 
    the Department of Defense in this division for fiscal year 2016 
    between any such authorizations for that fiscal year (or any 
    subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred 
    shall be merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
    authorization to which transferred.
        (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the total 
    amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer under the 
    authority of this section may not exceed $4,500,000,000.
        (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
    authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
    authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
    dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
        (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that have a 
    higher priority than the items from which authority is transferred; 
    and
        (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that has 
    been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
SEC. 1002. ACCOUNTING STANDARDS TO VALUE CERTAIN PROPERTY, PLANT, AND 
EQUIPMENT ITEMS.
    (a) Requirement for Certain Accounting Standards.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall work in coordination with the Federal Accounting 
Standards Advisory Board to establish accounting standards to value 
large and unordinary general property, plant, and equipment items.
    (b) Deadline.--The accounting standards required by subsection (a) 
shall be established by not later than September 30, 2017, and be 
available for use for the full audit on the financial statements of the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018, as required by section 
1003(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
(Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 842; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note).
SEC. 1003. REPORT ON AUDITABLE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report ranking all military departments and Defense 
Agencies in order of how advanced they are in achieving auditable 
financial statements as required by law. The report should not include 
information otherwise available in other reports to Congress.
SEC. 1004. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SEQUESTRATION.
    It is the sense of the Congress that--
        (1) the fiscal challenges of the Federal Government are a top 
    priority for Congress, and sequestration--non-strategic, across-
    the-board budget cuts--remains an unreasonable and inadequate 
    budgeting tool to address the deficits and debt of the Federal 
    Government;
        (2) budget caps imposed by the Budget Control Act of 2011 
    (Public Law 112-25) impose unacceptable limitations on the budget 
    and increase risk to the national security of the United States; 
    and
        (3) the budget caps imposed by the Budget Control Act of 2011 
    must be modified or eliminated through a bipartisan legislative 
    agreement.
SEC. 1005. ANNUAL AUDIT OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE COMPONENTS BY INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL AUDITORS.
    (a) Audits Required.--For purposes of satisfying the requirement 
under section 3521(e) of title 31, United States Code, for audits of 
financial statements of Department of Defense components identified by 
the Director of the Office of Management and Budget under section 
3515(c) of such title, the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense shall obtain each year audits of the financial statements of 
each such component by an independent external auditor.
    (b) Selection of Auditors.--The selection of independent external 
auditors for purposes of subsection (a) shall be based, among other 
appropriate criteria, on their qualifications, independence, and 
capacity to conduct audits described in subsection (a) in accordance 
with applicable generally accepted government auditing standards. The 
Inspector General shall participate in the selection of the independent 
external auditors.
    (c) Monitoring Audits.--The Inspector General shall monitor the 
conduct of all audits by independent external auditors under subsection 
(a).
    (d) Reports on Audits.--
        (1) In general.--The Inspector General shall require the 
    independent external auditors conducting audits under subsection 
    (a) to submit a report on their audits each year to--
            (A) the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) as the 
        Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Defense for the 
        purposes of chapter 9 of title 31, United States Code;
            (B) the Controller of the Office of Federal Financial 
        Management in the Office of Management and Budget; and
            (C) the appropriate committees of Congress.
        (2) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee 
        on Appropriations of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Oversight and Government Reform, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
    (e) Relationship to Existing Law.--The requirements of this 
section--
        (1) shall be implemented in a manner that is consistent with 
    the requirements of section 1008 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 10 
    U.S.C. 113 note);
        (2) shall not be construed to alter the requirement under 
    section 3521(e) of title 31, United States Code, that the financial 
    statements of the Department of Defense as a whole be audited by 
    the Inspector General or by an independent external auditor, as 
    determined by the Inspector General; and
        (3) shall not be construed to limit or alter the authorities of 
    the Comptroller General of the United States under section 3521(g) 
    of title 31, United States Code.

                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT UNIFIED COUNTERDRUG AND 
COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN COLOMBIA.
    (a) Extension of Authority.--Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 
108-375; 118 Stat. 2042), as most recently amended by section 1011(a) 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 
3483), is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
    ``2017''; and
        (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
    ``2017''.
    (b) Extension of Annual Notice to Congress on Assistance.--Section 
1011(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 is amended by striking 
``(as amended by subsection (a)) using funds available for fiscal year 
2015'' and inserting ``using funds available for any fiscal year''.
SEC. 1012. EXTENSION AND EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL 
SUPPORT FOR COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES OF CERTAIN FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.
    (a) Extension.--Subsection (a)(2) of section 1033 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 111 
Stat. 1881), as most recently amended by section 1013 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 
Stat. 844), is further amended by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
``2017''.
    (b) Additional Governments Eligible To Receive Support.--Subsection 
(b) of such section 1033, as so amended, is further amended by adding 
at the end of the following new paragraphs:
        ``(40) Government of Kenya.
        ``(41) Government of Tanzania.''.
    (c) Report on Use of Authority.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the authority to 
    provide additional support for counter-drug activities of foreign 
    governments in section 1033 of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 1998.
        (2) Elements.--The report shall include, at a minimum, the 
    following:
            (A) A description of the use of the authority over time, 
        and of the use of the authority as in effect during fiscal 
        years 2014 and 2015.
            (B) A description of the impetus for the expansion of the 
        countries eligible for assistance under the program.
            (C) A description of the impetus for the increases over 
        time in the amounts of fund requested for assistance under the 
        program.
            (D) A description of the processes through which priorities 
        are established for countries and regions to be assisted under 
        the program.
            (E) An assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of 
        providing assistance under the program on a country-by country 
        basis rather than providing such assistance on a global basis.
            (F) A description of the funding challenges, if any, 
        associated with providing assistance under the program on a 
        country-by country basis and with providing such assistance on 
        a global basis.
        (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives.
SEC. 1013. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON CENTRAL AMERICA.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) The stability and security of Central American nations have 
    a direct impact on the stability and security of the United States.
        (2) Over the past decade, increased stability and security in 
    the Republic of Colombia has displaced illicit trafficking to 
    Central America, bringing with it increased violence and 
    instability.
        (3) According to the Global Study on Homicide 2013 of the 
    United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, four of the top five 
    countries with the highest homicide rates in the world were Central 
    American nations, including Honduras, Belize, El Salvador, and 
    Guatemala.
        (4) In 2014, approximately 65,000 unaccompanied alien children 
    from Central America entered the United States through its 
    southwest border.
        (5) In November 2014, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador 
    announced a Plan for the Alliance for Prosperity of the Northern 
    Triangle, which is a comprehensive approach to address the ongoing 
    violence and instability facing these three nations by stimulating 
    economic opportunities, improving public safety and rule of law, 
    and strengthening institutions to increase trust in the state.
        (6) The United States Government is supportive of the Alliance 
    for Prosperity, and President's strategy for support includes 
    $1,000,000,000 focused on promoting prosperity and regional 
    economic integration, enhancing security, and promoting improved 
    governance.
        (7) The Department of Defense continues to build the capacity 
    of our partners in the region to address their security challenges 
    and confront threats of mutual concern.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) the United States should, to the extent practicable, 
    prioritize efforts to address the threatening levels of violence, 
    instability, illicit trafficking, and transnational organized crime 
    that challenge the sovereignty of Central American nations and the 
    security of the United States; and
        (2) in order to address such issues, the Department of Defense, 
    to the extent practicable, should--
            (A) increase its operations, as the lead agency of the 
        United States Government, to detect and monitor aerial and 
        maritime illicit trafficking into the United States;
            (B) increase its efforts to support aerial and maritime 
        illicit trafficking interdiction operations;
            (C) increase its operations to build the capacity of 
        partner nations in Central America to confront their own 
        security challenges;
            (D) support interagency programs and activities in Central 
        America addressing instability, including development, 
        education, economic, political, and security challenges; and
            (E) promote observance of and respect for human rights and 
        fundamental freedoms and respect for civilian control of the 
        military.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1021. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORTING LONG-RANGE PLANS FOR 
CONSTRUCTION OF NAVAL VESSELS.
    Section 231(b)(2)(C) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``by ship class in both graphical and tabular form'' after 
``The estimated levels of annual funding''.
SEC. 1022. NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND.
    (a) Enhancement of Authority of Secretary of Navy to Use National 
Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.--Section 2218a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (i) 
    and (j), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsections:
    ``(f) Authority to Enter Into Economic Order Quantity Contracts.--
(1) The Secretary of the Navy may use funds deposited in the Fund to 
enter into contracts known as `economic order quantity contracts' with 
private shipyards and other commercial or government entities to 
achieve economic efficiencies based on production economies for major 
components or subsystems. The authority under this subsection extends 
to the procurement of parts, components, and systems (including weapon 
systems) common with and required for other nuclear powered vessels 
under joint economic order quantity contracts.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide 
that any obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract is subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
purpose, and that total liability to the Government for termination of 
any contract entered into shall be limited to the total amount of 
funding obligated at time of termination.
    ``(g) Authority to Begin Manufacturing and Fabrication Efforts 
Prior to Ship Authorization.--(1) The Secretary of the Navy may use 
funds deposited into the Fund to enter into contracts for advance 
construction of national sea-based deterrence vessels to support 
achieving cost savings through workload management, manufacturing 
efficiencies, or workforce stability, or to phase fabrication 
activities within shipyard and manage sub-tier manufacturer capacity.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide 
that any obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract is subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
purpose, and that total liability to the Government for termination of 
any contract entered into shall be limited to the total amount of 
funding obligated at time of termination.
    ``(h) Authority to Use Incremental Funding to Enter Into Contracts 
for Certain Items.--(1) The Secretary of the Navy may use funds 
deposited into the Fund to enter into incrementally funded contracts 
for advance procurement of high value, long lead time items for nuclear 
powered vessels to better support construction schedules and achieve 
cost savings through schedule reductions and properly phased 
installment payments.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide 
that any obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract is subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
purpose, and that total liability to the Government for termination of 
any contract entered into shall be limited to the total amount of 
funding obligated at time of termination.''.
    (b) Modification and Extension of Authority to Transfer Funds.--
Section 1022(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3487) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``or 2016'' and inserting ``2016, or 2017''; 
    and
        (2) by striking ``for the Navy for the Ohio Replacement 
    Program'' and inserting ``for the Department of Defense''.
SEC. 1023. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF EXPENSES FOR 
CERTAIN NAVY MESS OPERATIONS AFLOAT.
    (a) Extension.--Subsection (b) of section 1014 of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 
110-417; 122 Stat. 4585), as amended by section 1021 of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 
111-383, 124 Stat. 4348), is amended by striking ``September 30, 2015'' 
and inserting ``September 30, 2020''.
    (b) Technical and Clarifying Amendments.--Subsection (a) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``not 
    more that'' and inserting ``not more than''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Naval vessels'' and 
    inserting ``such vessels''.
SEC. 1024. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR INACTIVATION OF 
TICONDEROGA CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK LANDING SHIPS.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2016 may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to retire, 
inactivate, or place in storage a cruiser or dock landing ship, except 
as provided in section 1026(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490).
SEC. 1025. LIMITATION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR REMOVAL OF BALLISTIC 
MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITIES FROM TICONDEROGA CLASS CRUISERS.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used to 
remove ballistic missile defense capabilities from any of the 5 
Ticonderoga class cruisers equipped with such capabilities until the 
Secretary of the Navy certifies to the congressional defense committees 
that the Navy has--
        (1) obtained the ballistic missile defense capabilities 
    required by the most recent Navy Force Structure Assessment;
        (2) entered into a modernization of such cruisers that will 
    provide an equal or improved ballistic missile defense capability; 
    or
        (3) obtained at least 40 large surface combatants with 
    ballistic missile defense capability.
SEC. 1026. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF UNITED STATES COMBAT LOGISTIC 
FORCE REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Assessment Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
    into an agreement with a federally funded research and development 
    center with appropriate expertise and analytical capability to 
    conduct an assessment of the anticipated future demands of the 
    combat logistics force ships of the Navy and the challenges such 
    ships may face when conducting and supporting future naval 
    operations in contested maritime environments.
        (2) Elements.--The assessment under paragraph (1) shall include 
    the following:
            (A) An assessment of the programmed ability of the United 
        States Combat Logistic Force to support the Navy and the naval 
        forces of allies of the United States that are operating in a 
        dispersed manner and not concentrated in carrier or 
        expeditionary strike groups, in accordance with the concept of 
        distributed lethality of the Navy.
            (B) An assessment of the programmed ability of the United 
        States Combat Logistic Force to support the Navy and the naval 
        forces of allies of the United States that are engaged in major 
        combat operations against an adversary possessing maritime 
        anti-access and area-denial capabilities, including anti-ship 
        ballistic and cruise missiles, land-based maritime strike 
        aircraft, submarines, and sea mines.
            (C) An assessment of the programmed ability of the United 
        States Combat Logistic Force to support distributed and 
        expeditionary air operations from an expanded set of 
        alternative and austere air bases in accordance with concepts 
        under development by the Air Force and the Marine Corps.
            (D) An assessment of gaps and deficiencies in the 
        capability and capacity of the United States Combat Logistic 
        Force to conduct and support operations of the United States 
        and allies under the conditions described in subparagraphs (A), 
        (B), and (C).
            (E) Recommendations for adjustments to the programmed 
        ability of the United States Combat Logistic Force to address 
        capability and capacity gaps and deficiencies described in 
        subparagraph (D).
            (F) Any other matters the federally funded research and 
        development center considers appropriate.
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    report that includes the assessment under subsection (a) and any 
    other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
        (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the federally 
funded research and development center that conducts the assessment 
under subsection (a) with timely access to appropriate information, 
data, resources, and analyses necessary for the center to conduct such 
assessment thoroughly and independently.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1031. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES.
    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2016, to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release to or within the United States, its territories, or possessions 
of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed or any other detainee who--
        (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
    Forces of the United States; and
        (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
    States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department of 
    Defense.
SEC. 1032. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM 
UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and ending on December 31, 2016, to construct or modify any facility in 
the United States, its territories, or possessions to house any 
individual detained at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or 
imprisonment in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
Defense unless authorized by Congress.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to any modification of facilities at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 1034(f)(2).
SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE TO 
CERTAIN COUNTRIES OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise available for 
the Department of Defense may be used during the period beginning on 
the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2016, 
to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or release of any 
individual detained in the custody or under the control of the 
Department of Defense at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
Cuba, to the custody or control of any country, or any entity within 
such country, as follows:
        (1) Libya.
        (2) Somalia.
        (3) Syria.
        (4) Yemen.
SEC. 1034. REENACTMENT AND MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN PRIOR REQUIREMENTS 
FOR CERTIFICATIONS RELATING TO TRANSFER OF DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES 
NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND OTHER 
FOREIGN ENTITIES.
    (a) Certification Required Prior to Transfer.--
        (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
    Secretary of Defense may not use any amounts authorized to be 
    appropriated or otherwise available to the Department of Defense to 
    transfer any individual detained at Guantanamo to the custody or 
    control of the individual's country of origin, any other foreign 
    country, or any other foreign entity unless the Secretary submits 
    to the appropriate committees of Congress the certification 
    described in subsection (b) not later than 30 days before the 
    transfer of the individual.
        (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any action 
    taken by the Secretary to transfer any individual detained at 
    Guantanamo to effectuate an order affecting the disposition of the 
    individual that is issued by a court or competent tribunal of the 
    United States having lawful jurisdiction (which the Secretary shall 
    notify the appropriate committees of Congress of promptly after 
    issuance).
    (b) Certification.--A certification described in this subsection is 
a written certification made by the Secretary that--
        (1) the transfer concerned is in the national security 
    interests of the United States;
        (2) the government of the foreign country or the recognized 
    leadership of the foreign entity to which the individual detained 
    at Guantanamo concerned is to be transferred--
            (A) is not a designated state sponsor of terrorism or a 
        designated foreign terrorist organization;
            (B) maintains control over each detention facility in which 
        the individual is to be detained if the individual is to be 
        housed in a detention facility;
            (C) has taken or agreed to take appropriate steps to 
        substantially mitigate any risk the individual could attempt to 
        reengage in terrorist activity or otherwise threaten the United 
        States or its allies or interests; and
            (D) has agreed to share with the United States any 
        information that is related to the individual;
        (3) if the country to which the individual is to be transferred 
    is a country to which the United States transferred an individual 
    who was detained at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
    Cuba, at any time after September 11, 2001, and such transferred 
    individual subsequently engaged in any terrorist activity, the 
    Secretary has--
            (A) considered such circumstances; and
            (B) determined that the actions to be taken as described in 
        paragraph (2)(C) will substantially mitigate the risk of 
        recidivism with regard to the individual to be transferred; and
        (4) includes an intelligence assessment, in classified or 
    unclassified form, of the capacity, willingness, and past practices 
    (if applicable) of the foreign country or foreign entity concerned 
    in relation to the certification of the Secretary under this 
    subsection.
    (c) Coordination With Prohibition on Transfer to Certain 
Countries.--While the prohibition in section 1033 is in effect, no 
certification may be made under subsection (b) in connection with the 
transfer of an individual detained at Guantanamo to a country specified 
in such section.
    (d) Record of Cooperation.--In assessing the risk that an 
individual detained at Guantanamo will engage in terrorist activity or 
other actions that could affect the national security of the United 
States if released for the purpose of making a certification under 
subsection (b), the Secretary may give favorable consideration to any 
such individual--
        (1) who has substantially cooperated with United States 
    intelligence and law enforcement authorities, pursuant to a pre-
    trial agreement, while in the custody of or under the effective 
    control of the Department of Defense; and
        (2) for whom agreements and effective mechanisms are in place, 
    to the extent relevant and necessary, to provide for continued 
    cooperation with United States intelligence and law enforcement 
    authorities.
    (e) Report.--Whenever the Secretary makes a certification under 
subsection (b) with respect to an individual detained at Guantanamo, 
the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress, 
together with such certification, a report that shall include, at a 
minimum, the following:
        (1) A detailed statement of the basis for the transfer of the 
    individual.
        (2) An explanation why the transfer of the individual is in the 
    national security interests of the United States.
        (3) A description of actions taken to mitigate the risks of 
    reengagement by the individual as described in subsection 
    (b)(2)(C), including any actions taken to address factors relevant 
    to an applicable prior case of reengagement described in subsection 
    (b)(3).
        (4) A copy of any Periodic Review Board findings relating to 
    the individual.
        (5) A copy of the final recommendation by the Guantanamo 
    Detainee Review Task Force established pursuant to Executive Order 
    13492 relating to the individual and, if applicable, updated 
    information related to any change to such recommendation.
        (6) An assessment whether, as of the date of the certification, 
    the country to which the individual is to be transferred is facing 
    a threat that could substantially affect its ability to exercise 
    control over the individual.
        (7) A classified summary of--
            (A) the individual's record of cooperation, if any, while 
        in the custody of or under the effective control of the 
        Department of Defense; and
            (B) any agreements and mechanisms in place to provide for 
        continuing cooperation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
        Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means any 
    individual located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
    Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
            (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a member of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States; and
            (B) is--
                (i) in the custody or under the control of the 
            Department of Defense; or
                (ii) otherwise under detention at United States Naval 
            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
        (3) The term ``foreign terrorist organization'' means any 
    organization so designated by the Secretary of State under section 
    219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189).
        (4) The term ``state sponsor of terrorism'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 301(13) of the Comprehensive Iran 
    Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
    8541(13)).
    (g) Repeal of Superseded Requirements and Limitations.--Section 
1035 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
(Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 851; 10 U.S.C. 801 note) is repealed.
SEC. 1035. COMPREHENSIVE DETENTION STRATEGY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence, 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth 
the details of a comprehensive strategy for the detention of current 
and future individuals captured and held pursuant to the Authorization 
for Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40) pending the end of 
hostilities.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall contain 
the following:
        (1) The specific facility or facilities that are intended to be 
    used, or modified to be used, to hold individuals for purpose of 
    trial and incarceration after conviction or detention and 
    interrogation pursuant to the law of armed conflict.
        (2) The estimated costs associated with the detention of 
    individuals detained for purpose of trial, incarceration after 
    conviction, or continued detention under the law of armed conflict, 
    including the costs of--
            (A) improvements, additions, or changes to each facility 
        specified pursuant to paragraph (1);
            (B) construction of new facilities, if any;
            (C) maintenance, operation, and sustainment of any such 
        facility;
            (D) security;
            (E) military, civilian, and contractor support personnel; 
        and
            (F) other matters associated with support of detention 
        operations.
        (3) A plan for the disposition of such individuals if the 
    authority to continue detaining an individual pursuant to the law 
    of armed conflict were to expire while such individual is being 
    detained, and an assessment of possible actions that could be taken 
    to mitigate any adverse implications of such a scenario to the 
    national security interests of the United States.
        (4) A plan for the disposition of individuals held pursuant to 
    the Authorization for Use of Military Force who are currently 
    detained at the United States Naval Base, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
        (5) A plan for the disposition of future detainees held 
    pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force.
        (6) The additional authorities, if any, necessary to detain an 
    individual pursuant to the law of armed conflict as an unprivileged 
    enemy belligerent pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military 
    Force pending the end of hostilities or a future determination by 
    the Secretary of Defense that such individual no longer requires 
    continued detention.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1036. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REALIGNMENT OF FORCES AT OR 
CLOSURE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    (a) Prohibition on Use of Funds.--No amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense 
for fiscal year 2016 may be used--
        (1) to close or abandon United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
    Bay, Cuba;
        (2) to relinquish control of Guantanamo Bay to the Republic of 
    Cuba; or
        (3) to implement a material modification to the Treaty Between 
    the United States of America and Cuba signed at Washington, D.C. on 
    May 29, 1934 that constructively closes United States Naval 
    Station, Guantanamo Bay.
    (b) Report.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report setting forth an 
    assessment of the military implications of United States Naval 
    Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
        (2) Elements.--The report shall include the following:
            (A) An historical analysis of the use and significance of 
        the basing at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.
            (B) A description of the personnel, resources, and base 
        operations based out of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
        Bay, as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (C) An assessment of the role of United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, in support of the National Security 
        Strategy, the National Defense Strategy, and the National 
        Military Strategy.
            (D) An assessment of the missions and military requirements 
        that United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, currently 
        supports.
            (E) A description of the uses of United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, by other departments and agencies of 
        the United States Government.
            (F) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 1037. REPORT ON CURRENT DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, DETERMINED OR ASSESSED TO BE HIGH RISK OR MEDIUM 
RISK.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate committees and members of Congress a report setting forth a 
list of the individuals detained at Guantanamo as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act who have been determined or assessed by Joint 
Task Force Guantanamo, at any time before the date of the report, to be 
a high-risk or medium-risk threat to the United States, its interests, 
or its allies.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall set forth, for 
each individual covered by the report, the following:
        (1) The name and country of origin.
        (2) The date on which first designated or assessed as a high-
    risk or medium-risk threat to the United States, its interests, or 
    its allies, and an assessment of the justification for the 
    designation or assessment.
        (3) Whether, as of the date of the report, currently designated 
    or assessed as a high-risk or medium-risk threat to the United 
    States, its interests, or its allies.
        (4) If the designation or assessment changed between the date 
    specified pursuant to paragraph (2) and the date of the report--
            (A) the new designation or assessment to which changed;
            (B) the year and month in which the designation or 
        assessment changed; and
            (C) information on, and a justification for, the change in 
        designation or assessment.
        (5) To the extent practicable, without jeopardizing 
    intelligence sources and methods--
            (A) prior actions in support of terrorism, hostile actions 
        against the United States or its allies, gross violations of 
        human rights, and other violations of international law; and
            (B) any affiliations with al Qaeda, al Qaeda affiliates, or 
        other terrorist groups.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form to the maximum extent practicable, but may include a 
classified annex.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees and members of Congress'' 
    means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate;
            (B) the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader of the 
        Senate;
            (C) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and
            (D) the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the 
        Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.
        (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means any 
    individual located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
    Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
            (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a member of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States; and
            (B) is--
                (i) in the custody or under the control of the 
            Department of Defense; or
                (ii) otherwise under detention at United States Naval 
            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
SEC. 1038. REPORTS TO CONGRESS ON CONTACT BETWEEN TERRORISTS AND 
INDIVIDUALS FORMERLY DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    (a) In General.--Section 319(c) of the Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, 2009 (Public Law 111-32; 123 Stat. 1874; 10 U.S.C. 801 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(6) A summary of all known contact between any individual 
    formerly detained at Naval Station Guantanamo Bay and any 
    individual known or suspected to be associated with a foreign 
    terrorist group, which contact included information or discussion 
    about planning for or conduct of hostilities against the United 
    States or its allies or the organizational, logistical, or resource 
    needs or activities of any terrorist group or activity.''.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in the amendment made by 
subsection (a) shall be construed to terminate, alter, modify, 
override, or otherwise affect any reporting of information required 
under section 319(c) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 
before the date of the enactment of this section.
SEC. 1039. INCLUSION IN REPORTS TO CONGRESS OF INFORMATION ABOUT 
RECIDIVISM OF INDIVIDUALS FORMERLY DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    Section 319(c) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 (Public 
Law 111-32; 123 Stat. 1874; 10 U.S.C. 801 note), as amended by section 
1038, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
        ``(7) For each individual described in paragraph (4), the date 
    on which such individual was released or transferred from Naval 
    Station Guantanamo Bay and the date on which it is confirmed that 
    such individual is suspected or confirmed of reengaging in 
    terrorist activities.
        ``(8) The average period of time described in paragraph (7) for 
    all the individuals described in paragraph (4).''.
SEC. 1040. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON TERMS OF WRITTEN AGREEMENTS WITH 
FOREIGN COUNTRIES REGARDING TRANSFER OF DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES 
NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    (a) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
    of State shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
    Congress a report describing the terms of any written agreement 
    between the United States Government and the government of the 
    foreign country concerned regarding each individual detained at 
    Guantanamo who was transferred to a foreign country pursuant to a 
    negotiated transfer.
        (2) Statement on lack of written agreement.--If an individual 
    detained at Guantanamo was transferred to a foreign country 
    pursuant to a negotiated transfer and no written agreement exists 
    between the United States Government and the government of the 
    foreign country regarding the transfer of such individual, the 
    report under paragraph (1) shall include an unclassified statement 
    of that fact.
        (3) Arrangements when lack of written agreement.--The report 
    under paragraph (1) shall also provide a description of the types 
    and frequency of arrangements or assurances applicable to 
    negotiated transfers covered by paragraph (2).
        (4) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) may be submitted in 
    classified form, except as provided in paragraph (2).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
        Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means any 
    individual located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
    Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
            (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a member of 
        the Armed Forces of the United States; and
            (B) is--
                (i) in the custody or under the control of the 
            Department of Defense; or
                (ii) otherwise under detention at United States Naval 
            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
SEC. 1041. REPORT ON USE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
BAY, CUBA, AND OTHER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OR BUREAU OF PRISONS PRISONS 
OR DETENTION OR DISCIPLINARY FACILITIES IN RECRUITMENT OR OTHER 
PROPAGANDA OF TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS.
    Not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the Director 
of National Intelligence, submit to Congress a report on the use by 
terrorist organizations and their leaders of images and symbols 
relating to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and any 
other Department of Defense or Bureau of Prisons prison or other 
detention or disciplinary facility for recruitment and other propaganda 
purposes. The report shall include the following:
        (1) a description of the use by terrorist organizations and 
    their leaders of images and symbols relating to United States Naval 
    Station, Guantanamo Bay, and any other Department of Defense or 
    Bureau of Prisons prison or other detention or disciplinary 
    facility for recruitment or other propaganda purposes.
        (2) A description and assessment of--
            (A) the effectiveness of the use of such images and symbols 
        for recruitment and other propaganda purposes during the period 
        beginning on September 11, 2001, and ending on the date of the 
        report; and
            (B) the extent to which such images and symbols continue to 
        be used for recruitment or other propaganda purposes.
        (3) A description and assessment of the efforts of the United 
    States Government to counter the use of such images and symbols for 
    recruitment and other propaganda purposes and to disseminate 
    accurate information about such facilities.
SEC. 1042. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE REWARDS THROUGH GOVERNMENT 
PERSONNEL OF ALLIED FORCES AND CERTAIN OTHER MODIFICATIONS TO 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAM TO PROVIDE REWARDS.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (c)(3) of section 127b of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``subparagraphs (B) and 
    (C)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (B)''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D).
    (b) Modification of Reporting Requirements.--Subsection (f)(2) of 
such section is amended--
        (1) by striking subparagraph (D);
        (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E), (F), and (G), as 
    subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively; and
        (3) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
    inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, including 
    in which countries the program is being operated''.
    (c) Report on Designation of Countries for Which Rewards May Be 
Paid.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(h) Report on Designation of Countries for Which Rewards May Be 
Paid.--Not later than 15 days after the date on which the Secretary 
designates a country as a country in which an operation or activity of 
the armed forces is occurring in connection with which rewards may be 
paid under this section, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report on the designation. Each report shall include the following:
        ``(1) The country so designated.
        ``(2) The reason for the designation of the country.
        ``(3) A justification for the designation of the country for 
    purposes of this section.''.
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is amended to 
    read as follows:
``Sec. 127b. Department of Defense rewards program''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 3 of such title is amended by striking the item relating 
    to section 127b and inserting the following new item:

``127b. Department of Defense rewards program.''.
SEC. 1043. SUNSET ON EXCEPTION TO CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF 
SENSITIVE MILITARY OPERATIONS.
    Section 130f(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The notification''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The exception in paragraph (1) shall cease to be in effect at 
the close of December 31, 2017.''.
SEC. 1044. REPEAL OF SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON OBLIGATION AND EXPENDITURE 
OF FUNDS FOR THE COMBATING TERRORISM PROGRAM.
    Section 229 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (d); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 1045. LIMITATION ON INTERROGATION TECHNIQUES.
    (a) Limitation on Interrogation Techniques to Those in the Army 
Field Manual.--
        (1) Army field manual 2-22.3 defined.--In this subsection, the 
    term ``Army Field Manual 2-22.3'' means the Army Field Manual 2-
    22.3 entitled ``Human Intelligence Collector Operations'' in effect 
    on the date of the enactment of this Act or any similar successor 
    Army Field Manual.
        (2) Restriction.--
            (A) In general.--An individual described in subparagraph 
        (B) shall not be subjected to any interrogation technique or 
        approach, or any treatment related to interrogation, that is 
        not authorized by and listed in the Army Field Manual 2-22.3.
            (B) Individual described.--An individual described in this 
        subparagraph is an individual who is--
                (i) in the custody or under the effective control of an 
            officer, employee, or other agent of the United States 
            Government; or
                (ii) detained within a facility owned, operated, or 
            controlled by a department or agency of the United States, 
            in any armed conflict.
        (3) Implementation.--Interrogation techniques, approaches, and 
    treatments described in Army Field Manual 2-22.3 shall be 
    implemented strictly in accord with the principles, processes, 
    conditions, and limitations prescribed by Army Field Manual 2-22.3.
        (4) Agencies other than the department of defense.--If a 
    process required by Army Field Manual 2-22.3, such as a requirement 
    of approval by a specified Department of Defense official, is 
    inapposite to a department or an agency other than the Department 
    of Defense, the head of such department or agency shall ensure that 
    a process that is substantially equivalent to the process 
    prescribed by Army Field Manual 2-22.3 for the Department of 
    Defense is utilized by all officers, employees, or other agents of 
    such department or agency.
        (5) Interrogation by federal law enforcement.--The limitations 
    in this subsection shall not apply to officers, employees, or 
    agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of 
    Homeland Security, or other Federal law enforcement entities.
        (6) Update of the army field manual.--
            (A) Requirement to update.--
                (i) In general.--Not sooner than three years after the 
            date of the enactment of this Act, and once every three 
            years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
            with the Attorney General, the Director of the Federal 
            Bureau of Investigation, and the Director of National 
            Intelligence, shall complete a thorough review of Army 
            Field Manual 2-22.3, and revise Army Field Manual 2-22.3, 
            as necessary to ensure that Army Field Manual 2-22.3 
            complies with the legal obligations of the United States 
            and the practices for interrogation described therein do 
            not involve the use or threat of force.
                (ii) Availability to the public.--Army Field Manual 2-
            22.3 shall remain available to the public and any revisions 
            to the Army Field Manual 2-22.3 adopted by the Secretary of 
            Defense shall be made available to the public 30 days prior 
            to the date the revisions take effect.
            (B) Report on best practices of interrogations.--
                (i) Requirement for report.--Not later than 120 days 
            after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
            interagency body established pursuant to Executive Order 
            13491 (commonly known as the High-Value Detainee 
            Interrogation Group) shall submit to the Secretary of 
            Defense, the Director of National Intelligence, the 
            Attorney General, and other appropriate officials a report 
            on best practices for interrogation that do not involve the 
            use of force.
                (ii) Recommendations.--The report required by clause 
            (i) may include recommendations for revisions to Army Field 
            Manual 2-22.3 based on the body of research commissioned by 
            the High-Value Detainee Interrogation Group.
                (iii) Availability to the public.--Not later than 30 
            days after the report required by clause (i) is submitted 
            such report shall be made available to the public.
    (b) International Committee of the Red Cross Access to Detainees.--
        (1) Requirement.--The head of any department or agency of the 
    United States Government shall provide the International Committee 
    of the Red Cross with notification of, and prompt access to, any 
    individual detained in any armed conflict in the custody or under 
    the effective control of an officer, employee, contractor, 
    subcontractor, or other agent of the United States Government or 
    detained within a facility owned, operated, or effectively 
    controlled by a department, agency, contractor, or subcontractor of 
    the United States Government, consistent with Department of Defense 
    regulations and policies.
        (2) Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
    construed--
            (A) to create or otherwise imply the authority to detain; 
        or
            (B) to limit or otherwise affect any other individual 
        rights or state obligations which may arise under United States 
        law or international agreements to which the United States is a 
        party, including the Geneva Conventions, or to state all of the 
        situations under which notification to and access for the 
        International Committee of the Red Cross is required or 
        allowed.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1051. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY PROGRAM.
    (a) Website Required.--Section 2576a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Publicly Accessible Website.--(1) The Secretary shall create 
and maintain a publicly available Internet website that provides 
information on the controlled property transferred under this section 
and the recipients of such property.
    ``(2) The contents of the Internet website required under paragraph 
(1) shall include all publicly accessible unclassified information 
pertaining to the request, transfer, denial, and repossession of 
controlled property under this section, including--
        ``(A) a current inventory of all controlled property 
    transferred to Federal and State agencies under this section, 
    listed by the name of the recipient and the year of the transfer;
        ``(B) all pending requests for transfers of controlled property 
    under this section, including the information submitted by the 
    Federal and State agencies requesting such transfers; and
        ``(C) all reports required to be submitted to the Secretary 
    under this section by Federal and State agencies that receive 
    controlled property under this section.''.
    (b) Conditions for Transfer.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period and inserting ``; 
    and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(5) the recipient, on an annual basis, and with the 
    authorization of the relevant local governing body or authority, 
    certifies that it has adopted publicly available protocols for the 
    appropriate use of controlled property, the supervision of such 
    use, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of such use, including 
    auditing and accountability policies; and
        ``(6) after the completion of the assessment required by 
    section 1051(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2016, the recipient, on an annual basis, certifies that 
    it provides annual training to relevant personnel on the 
    maintenance, sustainment, and appropriate use of controlled 
    property.''.
    (c) Definition of Controlled Property.--Such section is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Controlled Property.--In this section, the term `controlled 
property' means any item assigned a demilitarization code of B, C, D, 
E, G, or Q under Department of Defense Manual 4160.21-M, `Defense 
Materiel Disposition Manual', or any successor document.''.
    (d) Examination of Training Requirements.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall enter into an agreement with a federally funded research and 
development center for the conduct of an assessment of the Department 
of Defense excess property program under section 2576a of title 10, 
United States Code, as amended by this section. Such assessment shall 
include--
        (1) an evaluation of the policies and controls governing the 
    determination of the suitability of recipients of controlled 
    property transferred under the program, including specific 
    recommendations relating to the training that Federal and State 
    agencies that receive such property should receive, at no cost to 
    the Department of Defense, to ensure proficiency in the use, 
    maintenance, and sustainment of such property; and
        (2) an analysis of reported statistics on controlled property 
    transfers, the incidence of controlled property that is unaccounted 
    for, and the effectiveness of the policies and procedures governing 
    the return of controlled property transferred under the program to 
    the Department of Defense.
    (e) One-year Mandatory Use Policy Assessment.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall enter into an agreement with a federally funded research 
and development center for the conduct of an assessment of the 
Department of Defense excess property program under section 2576a of 
title 10, United States Code, as amended by this section, to determine 
if the requirement that all controlled property transferred under the 
program be used within one year of being transferred is achieving its 
intended effect. Such assessment shall include recommendations on 
process improvement, including legislative proposals.
    (f) Comptroller General Assessment.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall conduct an assessment of the Department of Defense 
excess property program under section 2576a of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by this section. Such assessment shall include--
        (1) an evaluation of the transfer of controlled property under 
    the program, including the manner in which the property was used by 
    Federal and State agencies and the effectiveness of the Internet 
    website required under subsection (e) of section 2576a of title 10, 
    United States Code, as added by subsection (a), in providing 
    transparency to the public; and
        (2) a determination of whether the transfer of property under 
    the program enhances the ability of Federal and State agencies to 
    carry out counter-drug and counter-terrorism activities in 
    accordance with the purposes of the program as set forth in section 
    2576a of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 1052. SALE OR DONATION OF EXCESS PERSONAL PROPERTY FOR BORDER 
SECURITY ACTIVITIES.
    Section 2576a of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section 1051 is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``counter-drug and 
        counter-terrorism activities'' and inserting ``counterdrug, 
        counterterrorism, and border security activities''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Attorney General 
        and the Director of National Drug Control Policy'' and 
        inserting ``the Attorney General, the Director of National Drug 
        Control Policy, and the Secretary of Homeland Security, as 
        appropriate''; and
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``counter-drug or counter-
    terrorism activities'' and inserting ``counterdrug, 
    counterterrorism, or border security activities''.
SEC. 1053. MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY TECHNICIANS.
    (a) Conversion of Certain Military Technician (dual Status) 
Positions to Civilian Positions.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall convert not 
    fewer than 20 percent of the positions described in paragraph (2) 
    as of January 1, 2017, from military technician (dual status) 
    positions to positions filled by individuals who are employed under 
    section 3101 of title 5, United States Code, and are not military 
    technicians.
        (2) Covered positions.--The positions described in this 
    paragraph are military technician (dual status) positions as 
    follows:
            (A) Military technician (dual status) positions identified 
        as general administration, clerical, finance, and office 
        service occupations in the report of the Secretary of Defense 
        under section 519 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1397).
            (B) Such other military technician (dual status) positions 
        as the Secretary shall specify for purposes of this subsection.
        (3) Treatment of incumbents.--In the case of a position 
    converted under paragraph (1) for which there is an incumbent 
    employee, the Secretary may fill that position, as converted, with 
    the incumbent employee without regard to any requirement concerning 
    competition or competitive hiring procedures.
    (b) Phased-in Termination of Army Reserve, Air Force Reserve, and 
National Guard Non-dual Status Technicians.--
        (1) In general.--Section 10217 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Phased-in Termination of Positions.--(1) No individual may be 
newly hired or employed, or rehired or reemployed, as a non-dual status 
technician for the purposes of this section after December 31, 2016.
    ``(2) Commencing January 1, 2017, the maximum number of non-dual 
status technicians employable by the Army Reserve and by the Air Force 
Reserve shall be reduced from the number otherwise provided by 
subsection (c)(1) by one for each individual who retires, is separated 
from, or otherwise ceases service as a non-dual status technician of 
the Army Reserve or the Air Force Reserve, as the case may be, after 
such date until the maximum number of non-dual status technicians 
employable by the Army Reserve or the Air Force Reserve, as the case 
may be, is zero.
    ``(3) Commencing January 1, 2017, the maximum number of non-dual 
status technicians employable by the National Guard shall be reduced 
from the number otherwise provided by subsection (c)(2) by one for each 
individual who retires, is separated from, or otherwise ceases service 
as a non-dual status technician of the National Guard after such date 
until the maximum number of non-dual status technicians employable by 
the National Guard is zero.
    ``(4) Any individual newly hired or employed, or rehired or 
employed, to a position required to be filled by reason of the 
amendment made by paragraph (1) shall be an individual employed in such 
position under section 3101 of title 5, and may not be a military 
technician.
    ``(5) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to terminate 
the status as a non-dual status technician under this section after 
December 31, 2016, of any individual who is a non-dual status 
technician for the purposes of this section on that date.''.
        (2) Report on phased-in terminations.--Not later than February 
    1, 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
    setting forth a plan for implementing the amendment made by 
    paragraph (1).
SEC. 1054. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF CERTAIN AH-64 APACHE HELICOPTERS 
FROM ARMY NATIONAL GUARD TO REGULAR ARMY AND RELATED PERSONNEL LEVELS.
    Section 1712 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3668) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``March 31, 2016'' and 
    inserting ``June 30, 2016''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``March 31, 2016'' and 
    inserting ``June 30, 2016'' both places it appears.
SEC. 1055. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TRAINING AND SUPPORT TO PERSONNEL OF 
FOREIGN MINISTRIES OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Authority.--Section 1081 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 168 note), as 
amended by section 1047 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3494), is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as subsections 
    (c) through (f), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection (b):
    ``(b) Training of Personnel of Foreign Ministries With Security 
Missions.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the 
    concurrence of the Secretary of State, carry out a program to 
    provide training and associated training support services to 
    personnel of foreign ministries of defense (or ministries with 
    security force oversight) or regional organizations with security 
    missions--
            ``(A) for the purpose of--
                ``(i) enhancing civilian oversight of foreign security 
            forces;
                ``(ii) establishing responsible defense governance and 
            internal controls in order to help build effective, 
            transparent, and accountable defense institutions;
                ``(iii) assessing organizational weaknesses and 
            establishing a roadmap for addressing shortfalls; and
                ``(iv) enhancing ministerial, general or joint staff, 
            or service level core management competencies; and
            ``(B) for such other purposes as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate, consistent with the authority in subsection (a).
        ``(2) Notice to congress.--Each fiscal year quarter, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
    Congress a report on activities under the program under paragraph 
    (1) during the preceding fiscal year quarter. Each report shall 
    include, for the fiscal year quarter covered by such report, the 
    following:
            ``(A) A list of activities under the program.
            ``(B) A list of any organization described in paragraph (1) 
        to which the Secretary assigned employees under the program, 
        including the number of such employees so assigned, the 
        duration of each assignment, a brief description of each 
        assigned employee's activities, and a statement of the cost of 
        each assignment.
            ``(C) A comprehensive justification of any activities 
        conducted pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).''.
    (b) Termination of Authority.--Subsection (c) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (a)(1) of this section, is amended in 
paragraph (1) by striking ``of the Secretary of Defense'' and all that 
follows and inserting ``in this section terminates at the close of 
December 31, 2017.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``Ministry of Defense 
    Advisor'' before ``Authority'';
        (2) in subsections (d) and (e), as redesignated by subsection 
    (a)(1) of this section, by striking ``the Committees on Armed 
    Services and Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committees on 
    Armed Services and Foreign Affairs of the House of 
    Representatives'' and inserting ``the appropriate committees of 
    Congress''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term `appropriate committees of Congress' means--
        ``(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
        ``(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.''.
    (d) Clerical and Conforming Amendment to Section Heading to Reflect 
Name of Program.--
        (1) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such section is 
    amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1081. DEFENSE INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAM.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 2(b) 
    of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to section 
    1081 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 1081. Defense Institution Capacity Building Program.''.
SEC. 1056. INFORMATION OPERATIONS AND ENGAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY 
DEMONSTRATIONS.
    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) military information support operations are a critical 
    component of the efforts of the Department of Defense to provide 
    commanders with capabilities to shape the operational environment;
        (2) military information support operations are integral to 
    armed conflict and therefore the Secretary of Defense has broad 
    latitude to conduct military information support operations;
        (3) the Secretary of Defense should develop creative and agile 
    concepts, technologies, and strategies across all available media 
    to most effectively reach target audiences, to counter and degrade 
    the ability of adversaries and potential adversaries to persuade, 
    inspire, and recruit inside areas of hostilities or in other areas 
    in direct support of the objectives of commanders; and
        (4) the Secretary of Defense should request additional funds in 
    future budgets to carry out military information support operations 
    to support the broader efforts of the Government to counter violent 
    extremism.
    (b) Technology Demonstrations Required.--To support the ability of 
the Department of Defense to provide innovative operational concepts 
and technologies to shape the informational environment, the Secretary 
of Defense shall carry out a series of technology demonstrations, 
subject to the availability of funds for such purpose or to a prior 
approval reprogramming, to assess innovative new technologies for 
information operations and information engagement to support the 
operational and strategic requirements of the commanders of the 
geographic and functional combatant commands, including the urgent and 
emergent operational needs and the operational and theater campaign 
plans of such combatant commanders to further the national security 
objectives and strategic communications requirements of the United 
States.
    (c) Plan.--By not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a plan describing how the Department 
of Defense will execute the technology demonstrations required under 
subsection (b). Such plan shall include each of the following elements:
        (1) A general timeline for conducting the technology 
    demonstrations.
        (2) Clearly defined goals and endstate objectives for the 
    demonstrations, including traceability of such goals to the 
    tactical, operational, or strategic requirements of the combatant 
    commanders.
        (3) A process for measuring the performance and effectiveness 
    of the demonstrations.
        (4) A coordination structure to include participation between 
    the technology development and the operational communities, 
    including potentially joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and 
    multinational partners.
        (5) The identification of potential technologies to support the 
    tactical, operational, or strategic needs of the combatant 
    commanders.
        (6) An explanation of how such technologies will support and 
    coordinate with elements of joint, interagency, intergovernmental, 
    and multinational partners.
    (d) Congressional Notice.--Upon initiating a technology 
demonstration under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees written notice of the 
demonstration that includes a detailed description of the 
demonstration, including its purpose, cost, engagement medium, targeted 
audience, and any other details the Secretary of Defense believes will 
assist the committees in evaluating the demonstration.
    (e) Termination.--The authority to carry out a technology 
demonstration under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2022.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit or alter any authority under which the Department of 
Defense supports information operations activities within the 
Department.
SEC. 1057. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF HELICOPTER SEA 
COMBAT SQUADRON 84 AND 85 AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Prohibitions.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2016 for the Navy may be obligated or 
expended to--
        (1) retire, prepare to retire, transfer, or place in storage 
    any Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron 84 (HSC-84) or Helicopter Sea 
    Combat Squadron 85 (HSC-85) aircraft; or
        (2) make any changes to manning levels with respect to any HSC-
    84 or HSC-85 aircraft squadron.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive subsection (a), if 
the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees that 
the Secretary has--
        (1) conducted a cost-benefit analysis identifying savings to 
    Department of the Navy regarding decommissioning or deactivation of 
    an HSC-84 or HSC-85 squadron;
        (2) identified a replacement capability that would be available 
    if prioritized and directed by the Secretary of Defense and would 
    meet all operational requirements, including special operational-
    peculiar requirements of the combatant commands, currently being 
    met by the HSC-84 or HSC-85 squadrons and aircraft to be retired, 
    transferred, or placed in storage; and
        (3) deployed such capability.
SEC. 1058. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DESTRUCTION OF 
CERTAIN LANDMINES AND REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE POLICY AND 
INVENTORY OF ANTI-PERSONNEL LANDMINE MUNITIONS.
    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided under subsection (b), none of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2016 for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated or expended for the destruction of anti-personnel landmine 
munitions before the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the 
report required by subsection (c).
    (b) Exception for Safety.--The limitation under subsection (a) 
shall not apply to any anti-personnel landmine munitions that the 
Secretary determines are unsafe or could pose a safety risk if not 
demilitarized or destroyed.
    (c) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after enactment of 
    this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
    report that includes each of the following:
            (A) A description of the policy of the Department of 
        Defense regarding the use of anti-personnel landmines, 
        including methods for commanders to seek waivers to use such 
        munitions.
            (B) A 10-year projection of the inventory levels for all 
        anti-personnel landmine munitions that takes into account 
        future production of anti-personnel landmine munitions, any 
        plans for demilitarization of such munitions, the age of the 
        munitions, storage and safety considerations, and other factors 
        that will impact the size of the inventory.
            (C) A 10-year projection for the cost to achieve the 
        inventory levels projected in subparagraph (B), including the 
        cost for potential demilitarization or disposal of such 
        munitions.
            (D) A 10-year projection for the cost to develop and 
        produce new anti-personnel landmine munitions the Secretary 
        determines are necessary to meet the demands of current 
        operational plans.
            (E) An assessment, by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff, of the effects of the projected anti-personnel landmine 
        inventory on current operational plans.
            (F) Any other matters that the Secretary determines should 
        be included in the report.
        (2) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
    annex.
    (d) Anti-personnel Landmine Munitions Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``anti-personnel landmine munitions'' includes anti-personnel 
landmines and sub-munitions as defined by the Convention on the 
Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-
Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, as determined by the 
Secretary.
SEC. 1059. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO 
SECURE THE SOUTHERN LAND BORDER OF THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Authority to Provide Assistance.--The Secretary of Defense may 
provide assistance to United States Customs and Border Protection for 
purposes of increasing ongoing efforts to secure the southern land 
border of the United States.
    (b) Concurrence in Assistance.--Assistance under subsection (a) 
shall be provided with the concurrence of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security.
    (c) Types of Assistance Authorized.--The assistance provided under 
subsection (a) may include the following:
        (1) Deployment of members and units of the regular and reserve 
    components of the Armed Forces to the southern land border of the 
    United States.
        (2) Deployment of manned aircraft, unmanned aerial surveillance 
    systems, and ground-based surveillance systems to support 
    continuous surveillance of the southern land border of the United 
    States.
        (3) Intelligence analysis support.
    (d) Materiel and Logistical Support.--The Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to deploy such materiel and equipment and logistics support 
as is necessary to ensure the effectiveness of assistance provided 
under subsection (a).
    (e) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense by this Act, the Secretary of Defense may use up 
to $75,000,000 to provide assistance under subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--At the end of each three-month period during which 
assistance is provided under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on Homeland 
Security of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland 
Security and Government Affairs of the Senate a report on the provision 
of such assistance during that period. Each report shall include, for 
the period covered by the report, the following:
        (1) A description of the assistance provided.
        (2) A description of the sources and amounts of funds used to 
    provide such assistance.
        (3) A description of the amounts obligated to provide such 
    assistance.
        (4) An assessment of the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of 
    such assistance in support of the Department of Homeland Security's 
    objectives and strategy to address the challenges on the southern 
    land border of the United States and recommendations, if any, to 
    enhance the effectiveness of such assistance.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1060. PROVISION OF DEFENSE PLANNING GUIDANCE AND CONTINGENCY 
PLANNING GUIDANCE INFORMATION TO CONGRESS.
    (a) In General.--Section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) At the time of the budget submission by the President for a 
fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget 
materials submitted to Congress for that year summaries of the guidance 
developed under paragraphs (1) and (2), as well as summaries of any 
plans developed in accordance with the guidance developed under 
paragraph (2). Such summaries shall be sufficient to allow the 
congressional defense committees to evaluate fully the requirements for 
military forces, acquisition programs, and operation and maintenance 
funding in the President's annual budget request for the Department of 
Defense.''.
    (b) Report Required.--Notwithstanding the requirement under 
paragraph (3) of section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a), that the Secretary of Defense submit summaries 
under that paragraph at the time of the President's annual budget 
submission, by not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing--
        (1) summaries of the guidance developed under paragraphs (1) 
    and (2) of subsection (g) of section 113 of title 10, United States 
    Code; and
        (2) summaries of any plans developed in accordance with the 
    guidance developed under paragraph (2) of such subsection.
SEC. 1061. EXPEDITED MEETINGS OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON THE FUTURE 
OF THE ARMY.
    Section 1702(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3665) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Section 10 of the 
Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. I) shall not apply to a 
meeting of the Commission unless the meeting is attended by five or 
more members of the Commission.''.
SEC. 1062. MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN REPORTS SUBMITTED BY COMPTROLLER 
GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Report on NNSA Budget Requests.--Section 3255(a)(2) of the 
National Nuclear Security Administration Act (50 U.S.C. 2455(a)(2)) is 
amended by inserting before ``, the Comptroller General'' the 
following: ``in an even-numbered year, and not later than 150 days 
after the date on which the Administrator submits such materials in an 
odd-numbered year''.
    (b) Report on Environmental Management.--Section 3134 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
111-84; 123 Stat. 2713), as amended by section 3134(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 2193), is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``a series of three reviews, 
    as described in subsections (b), (c), and (d),'' and inserting 
    ``reviews as described in subsections (b) and (c)'';
        (2) by striking subsection (d); and
        (3) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 1063. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE GEOGRAPHICALLY DISTRIBUTED 
FORCE LAYDOWN IN THE AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY OF UNITED STATES PACIFIC 
COMMAND.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with the Commander of the United States 
Pacific Command, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on Department of Defense plans for implementing the 
geographically distributed force laydown in the area of responsibility 
of United States Pacific Command.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
        (1) A description of the force laydown.
        (2) A discussion of how the force laydown affects the 
    operational and contingency plans in the area of responsibility of 
    United States Pacific Command, including a discussion on how 
    timeliness, availability of forces, and risk in meeting the 
    military objectives contained in those plans are affected.
        (3) A discussion of the specific support asset requirements 
    derived from the force laydown, including logistical sustainment, 
    pre-positioned stocks, sea and air lift and, command and control.
        (4) A discussion of the specific infrastructure and military 
    construction requirements derived from the force laydown.
        (5) A discussion on how Department of Defense plans to meet the 
    requirements identified in paragraphs (3) and (4), including the 
    ability of United States Transportation Command, the United States 
    Combat Logistics Force, and the Armed Forces to meet those 
    requirements.
        (6) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines to be 
    appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1064. INDEPENDENT STUDY OF NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY FORMULATION 
PROCESS.
    (a) Requirement for Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter 
into a contract with an independent research entity described in 
subsection (c) to carry out a comprehensive study of the role of the 
Department of Defense in the formulation of national security strategy.
    (b) Matters Covered.--The study required by subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) Several case studies of the role of the Department of 
    Defense and its process for the formulation of previous national 
    security strategies in place throughout the history of the United 
    States, with specific emphasis on the development and execution of 
    previous strategies, as well as the factors that contributed to the 
    development and execution of successful previous strategies with 
    specific emphasis on--
            (A) the frequency of strategy updates;
            (B) the synchronization of timelines and content among 
        different strategies;
            (C) the prioritization of objectives;
            (D) the assignment of roles and responsibilities among 
        relevant agencies;
            (E) the links between strategy and resourcing;
            (F) the implementation of strategy within the planning 
        documents of relevant agencies;
            (G) the value of a competition of ideas; and
            (H) recommendations for the executive and legislative 
        branches on the best practices and organizational lessons 
        learned for enabling the Department of Defense to formulate 
        long-term defense strategy.
        (2) A complete review and analysis of the current national 
    security strategy formulation process, as it relates to the 
    Department of Defense, including an analysis of the following:
            (A) All major Government products and documents of national 
        security strategy relevant to the Department of Defense and how 
        they fit together, including--
                (i) the National Military Strategy prepared by the 
            Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under section 
            153(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code;
                (ii) the most recent quadrennial defense review 
            conducted by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 
            118 of title 10, United States Code;
                (iii) the national security strategy report required 
            under section 108 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
            U.S.C. 3043); and
                (iv) any other relevant national security strategy 
            products and documents.
            (B) The time periods during which the products and 
        documents covered by subparagraph (A) are prepared and 
        published, and how they fit together.
            (C) The interaction between the White House and the 
        agencies that develop such products and documents and formulate 
        strategy.
            (D) All the current entities in the Federal Government that 
        contribute to the national security strategy formulation 
        process and how they fit together.
    (c) Independent Research Entity.--The entity described in this 
subsection is an independent research entity that is a not-for-profit 
entity or a federally funded research and development center with 
appropriate expertise and analytical capability.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the independent research entity shall provide to 
the Secretary a report on the results of the study. Not later than 90 
days after receipt of the report, the Secretary shall submit such 
report, together with any additional views or recommendations of the 
Secretary, to the congressional defense committees.
SEC. 1065. REPORT ON THE STATUS OF DETECTION, IDENTIFICATION, AND 
DISABLEMENT CAPABILITIES RELATED TO REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.
    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report addressing the suitability of existing capabilities 
to detect, identify, and disable remotely piloted aircraft operating 
within special use and restricted airspace. The report shall include 
the following:
        (1) An assessment of the degree to which existing capabilities 
    to detect, identify, and potentially disable remotely piloted 
    aircraft within special use and restricted airspace are able to be 
    deployed and combat prevailing threats.
        (2) An assessment of existing gaps in capabilities related to 
    the detection, identification, or disablement of remotely piloted 
    aircraft within special use and restricted airspace.
        (3) A plan that outlines the extent to which existing research 
    and development programs within the Department of Defense can be 
    leveraged to fill identified capability gaps and/or the need to 
    establish new programs to address such gaps as are identified 
    pursuant to paragraph (2).
SEC. 1066. REPORT ON OPTIONS TO ACCELERATE THE TRAINING OF PILOTS OF 
REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.
    Not later than February 1, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
addressing the immediate and critical training and operational needs of 
the remotely piloted aircraft community. The report shall include the 
following:
        (1) An assessment of the viability of using non-rated, 
    civilian, contractor, or enlisted pilots to execute remotely 
    piloted aircraft missions.
        (2) An assessment of the availability and existing utilization 
    of special use airspace available for remotely piloted aircraft 
    training and a plan for accessing additional special use airspace 
    in order to meet anticipated training requirements for remotely 
    piloted aircraft.
        (3) A comprehensive training plan aimed at increasing the 
    throughput of undergraduate remotely piloted aircraft training 
    without sacrificing quality and standards.
        (4) Establishment of an optimum ratio for the mix of training 
    airframes to operational airframes in the remotely piloted aircraft 
    inventory necessary to achieve manning requirements for pilots and 
    sensor operators and, to the extent practicable, a plan for 
    fielding additional remotely piloted aircraft airframes at the 
    formal training units in the active, National Guard, and reserve 
    components in accordance with optimum ratios for MQ-9 and Global 
    Hawk remotely piloted aircraft.
        (5) Establishment of optimum and minimum crew ratios to combat 
    air patrols taking into account all tasks remotely piloted aircraft 
    units execute and, to the extent practicable, a plan for conducting 
    missions in accordance with optimum ratios.
        (6) Identification of any resource, legislative, or 
    departmental policy challenges impeding the corrective action 
    needed to reach a sustainable remotely piloted aircraft operations 
    tempo.
        (7) An assessment, to the extent practicable, of the direct and 
    indirect impacts that the integration of remotely piloted aircraft 
    into the national airspace system has on the ability to generate 
    remotely piloted aircraft crews.
        (8) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
SEC. 1067. STUDIES OF FLEET PLATFORM ARCHITECTURES FOR THE NAVY.
    (a) Independent Studies.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for the 
    performance of three independent studies of alternative future 
    fleet platform architectures for the Navy in the 2030 timeframe.
        (2) Submission to congress.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the 
    Secretary shall submit the results of each study to the 
    congressional defense committees.
        (3) Form.--Each such study shall be submitted in unclassified 
    form, but may contain a classified annex as necessary.
    (b) Entities to Perform Studies.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide for the studies under subsection (a) to be performed as 
follows:
        (1) One study shall be performed by the Department of the Navy 
    and shall include participants from--
            (A) the Office of Net Assessment within the Office of the 
        Secretary of Defense; and
            (B) the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division.
        (2) The second study shall be performed by a federally funded 
    research and development center.
        (3) The final study shall be conducted by an independent, non-
    governmental institute which is described in section 501(c)(3) of 
    the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and exempt from tax under 
    section 501(a) of such Code, and has recognized credentials and 
    expertise in national security and military affairs.
    (c) Performance of Studies.--
        (1) Independent performance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    require the three studies under this section to be conducted 
    independently of each other.
        (2) Matters to be considered.--In performing a study under this 
    section, the organization performing the study, while being aware 
    of the current and projected fleet platform architectures, shall 
    not be limited by the current or projected fleet platform 
    architecture and shall consider the following matters:
            (A) The National Security Strategy of the United States.
            (B) Potential future threats to the United States and to 
        United States naval forces in the 2030 timeframe.
            (C) Traditional roles and missions of United States naval 
        forces.
            (D) Alternative roles and missions for United States naval 
        forces.
            (E) Other government and non-government analyses that would 
        contribute to the study through variations in study assumptions 
        or potential scenarios.
            (F) The role of evolving technology on future naval forces, 
        including unmanned systems.
            (G) Opportunities for reduced operation and sustainment 
        costs.
            (H) Current and projected capabilities of other United 
        States armed forces that could affect force structure 
        capability and capacity requirements of United States naval 
        forces.
    (d) Study Results.--The results of each study under this section 
shall--
        (1) present the alternative fleet platform architectures 
    considered, with assumptions and possible scenarios identified for 
    each;
        (2) provide for presentation of minority views of study 
    participants; and
        (3) for the recommended architecture, provide--
            (A) the numbers, kinds, and sizes of vessels, the numbers 
        and types of associated manned and unmanned vehicles, and the 
        basic capabilities of each of those platforms;
            (B) other information needed to understand that 
        architecture in basic form and the supporting analysis;
            (C) deviations from the current Annual Long-Range Plan for 
        Construction of Naval Vessels required under section 231 of 
        title 10, United States Code;
            (D) options to address ship classes that begin 
        decommissioning prior to 2035; and
            (E) implications for naval aviation, including the future 
        carrier air wing and land-based aviation platforms.
SEC. 1068. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO PROTECT UNITED STATES NATIONAL 
SECURITY INTERESTS IN THE ARCTIC REGION.
    (a) Report on Strategy Required.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that sets forth 
an updated military strategy for the protection of United States 
national security interests in the Arctic region.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A description of United States military interests in the 
    Arctic region.
        (2) A description of operational plans and military 
    requirements for the protection of United States national security 
    interests in the Arctic region, including United States citizens, 
    territory, freedom of navigation, and economic and trade interests.
        (3) An identification of any operational seams and a plan to 
    enhance unity of effort among the combatant commands with 
    responsibility for the Arctic region, as well as among the Armed 
    Forces.
        (4) A description of the security environment in the Arctic 
    region, including the activities of foreign nations operating 
    within the Arctic region.
        (5) A description of United States military capabilities 
    required to implement the strategy required by subsection (a).
        (6) An identification of any capability gaps and resource gaps, 
    including in installations, infrastructure, communications and 
    domain awareness, and personnel in the Arctic region, that would 
    impact the implementation of the strategy required by subsection 
    (a) or the execution of any associated operational plan, and a 
    mitigation plan to address such gaps.
        (7) An assessment of military-to-military cooperation with 
    partner nations that have mutual security interests in the Arctic 
    region, including opportunities for sharing installations and 
    maintenance facilities.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1069. COMPTROLLER GENERAL BRIEFING AND REPORT ON MAJOR MEDICAL 
FACILITY PROJECTS OF DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.
    (a) Briefing.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall provide to the appropriate committees of Congress a briefing on 
the administration and oversight by the Department of Veterans Affairs 
of contracts for the design and construction of major medical facility 
projects, as defined in section 8104(a)(3)(A) of title 38, United 
States Code.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report on the administration and 
oversight described in subsection (a).
    (c) Elements.--The briefing required by subsection (a) and the 
report required by subsection (b) shall each include an examination of 
the following:
        (1) The processes used by the Department for overseeing and 
    assuring the performance of construction design and construction 
    contracts for major medical facility projects, as so defined.
        (2) Any actions taken by the Department to improve the 
    administration of such contracts.
        (3) Such opportunities for further improvement of the 
    administration of such contracts as the Comptroller General 
    considers appropriate.
    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Subcommittee on 
    Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies of 
    the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Subcommittee on 
    Military Construction, Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies of the 
    Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 1070. SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS OF MUNITIONS ASSESSMENTS.
    (a) Required Reports.--Not later than March 1, 2016, and annually 
thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees each of the following:
        (1) The most current munitions assessments, as defined by 
    Department of Defense Instruction Number 3000.04, relating to the 
    Department of Defense munitions process.
        (2) The most current sufficiency assessments, as defined by 
    such Department of Defense Instruction.
        (3) The most current approved memorandum of the Joint 
    Requirements Oversight Council resulting from the munitions 
    requirements process.
    (b) Sunset.--The requirement to submit reports and assessments 
under this section shall terminate on the date that is two years after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1071. POTENTIAL ROLE FOR UNITED STATES GROUND FORCES IN THE 
WESTERN PACIFIC THEATER.
    (a) General Assessment Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of 
    the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall jointly conduct a comprehensive 
    assessment of potential roles for United States ground forces in 
    the western Pacific in cooperation with host nations to deter and 
    defeat aggression in the western Pacific region.
        (2) Capabilities to be examined.--The Secretary and the 
    Chairman shall assess the feasibility and potential effectiveness 
    of mobile United States ground forces operating jointly to 
    facilitate--
            (A) anti-access and area-denial capabilities in contested 
        sea lanes and airspace;
            (B) air defense capabilities;
            (C) electronic countermeasures capabilities;
            (D) command, control, communications, and logistics 
        capabilities;
            (E) littoral defenses; and
            (F) any other capabilities the Secretary and Chairman 
        determine to be appropriate.
    (b) Completion Date.--The assessment required by this section shall 
be completed by not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    (c) Briefing of Congress.--Upon the completion of the assessments 
required by this section, the Secretary and the Chairman shall provide 
a briefing on the assessment to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives.
SEC. 1072. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO 
MILITARY PERSONNEL ISSUES.
    (a) Report on Foreign Language Proficiency Incentive Pay.--Section 
316a of title 37, United States Code, as amended by section 615(5) of 
this Act, is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (f); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).
    (b) Report on Use of Waiver Authority for Military Service Academy 
Appointments.--Section 553 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 4346 note) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (e); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
    (c) Report on Increase in Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
Units.--Subsection (e) of section 548 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 
Stat. 4466) is repealed.
    (d) Report on Implementation of Yellow Ribbon Reintegration 
Program.--
        (1) Reporting requirement.--Section 582(e) of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 
    10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by striking paragraph (4).
        (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 597 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
    U.S.C. 10101 note) is repealed.
    (e) Report on Standards of Facilities.--Section 1648 of the Wounded 
Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is 
amended by striking subsection (f).
    (f) Report on Inspections of Facilities.--Section 1662 of the 
Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``(a) Required Inspections of Facil-
    ities.--''; and
        (2) by striking subsection (b).
    (g) Report on Inspections of Other Facilities.--Section 3307 of the 
U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq 
Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-28; 10 U.S.C. 
1073 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (d); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
    (h) Report on Local Educational Agency Assistance Related to DOD 
Activities.--Section 574 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 20 U.S.C. 
7703b note) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (c); and
        (2) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (c) 
    and (d), respectively.
SEC. 1073. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO 
READINESS.
    (a) Biannual Reports on Allocation of Funds Within Operation and 
Maintenance Budget Subactivities.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by striking section 228.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by striking the item relating to section 
    228.
    (b) Annual Report on Naval Petroleum Reserves.--Section 7431 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (c).
    (c) Annual Report on Army National Guard Combat Readiness.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 1013 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by striking section 10542.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by striking the item relating to section 
    10542.
    (d) GAO Report on In-kind Payments.--Section 2805 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 2149) is repealed.
    (e) Insider Threat Detection Budget Submission.--Section 922 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) is amended by striking subsection (f).
    (f) Price Trend Analysis.--Section 892 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
U.S.C. 2306a) is repealed.
    (g) Report on Authority for Airlift Transportation at Department of 
Defense Rates for Non-Department of Defense Federal Cargoes.--Section 
351 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
(Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2262) is amended by striking subsection 
(b).
    (h) Biennial Report on Procurement of Military Working Dogs.--
Section 358 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (c); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
    (i) Report on Foreign Language Proficiency.--Section 958 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 122 Stat. 297) is repealed.
    (j) Report on Arsenal Support Program Initiative.--Section 343 of 
the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 10 U.S.C. 4551 note) 
is amended by striking subsection (g).
    (k) GAO Review of Contractor-operated Civil Engineering Supply 
Stores Program.--Section 345 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 112 Stat. 
1978) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (d); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 1074. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO 
NAVAL VESSELS AND MERCHANT MARINE.
    (a) Report on Naming of Naval Vessels.--Section 7292 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (b) Report on Transfer of Vessels Stricken From Naval Vessel 
Register.--Section 7306 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (d); and
        (2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (d) 
    and (e), respectively.
    (c) Annual Report of Maritime Administration.--
        (1) Elimination of report and revision of remaining 
    requirement.--Section 50111 of title 46, United States Code, is 
    amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 50111. Submission of annual MARAD authorization request
    ``(a) Submission of Legislative Proposal.--Not later than 30 days 
after the date on which the President submits to Congress a budget for 
a fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, the Secretary of 
Transportation shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate the Maritime Administration authorization 
request for that fiscal year.
    ``(