Text: H.R.2146 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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Engrossed Amendment House (06/18/2015)

 
[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 2146 Engrossed Amendment House (EAH)]

                In the House of Representatives, U. S.,

                                                         June 18, 2015.
    Resolved, That the House agree to the amendment of the Senate to 
the bill (H.R. 2146) entitled ``An Act to amend the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986 to allow Federal law enforcement officers, firefighters, 
and air traffic controllers to make penalty-free withdrawals from 
governmental plans after age 50, and for other purposes.'', with the 
following

                  HOUSE AMENDMENT TO SENATE AMENDMENT:

            At the end of the matter inserted by said amendment, 
      insert:

                   TITLE I--TRADE PROMOTION AUTHORITY

SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Bipartisan Congressional Trade 
Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015''.

SEC. 102. TRADE NEGOTIATING OBJECTIVES.

    (a) Overall Trade Negotiating Objectives.--The overall trade 
negotiating objectives of the United States for agreements subject to 
the provisions of section 103 are--
            (1) to obtain more open, equitable, and reciprocal market 
        access;
            (2) to obtain the reduction or elimination of barriers and 
        distortions that are directly related to trade and investment 
        and that decrease market opportunities for United States 
        exports or otherwise distort United States trade;
            (3) to further strengthen the system of international trade 
        and investment disciplines and procedures, including dispute 
        settlement;
            (4) to foster economic growth, raise living standards, 
        enhance the competitiveness of the United States, promote full 
        employment in the United States, and enhance the global 
        economy;
            (5) to ensure that trade and environmental policies are 
        mutually supportive and to seek to protect and preserve the 
        environment and enhance the international means of doing so, 
        while optimizing the use of the world's resources;
            (6) to promote respect for worker rights and the rights of 
        children consistent with core labor standards of the ILO (as 
        set out in section 111(7)) and an understanding of the 
        relationship between trade and worker rights;
            (7) to seek provisions in trade agreements under which 
        parties to those agreements ensure that they do not weaken or 
        reduce the protections afforded in domestic environmental and 
        labor laws as an encouragement for trade;
            (8) to ensure that trade agreements afford small businesses 
        equal access to international markets, equitable trade 
        benefits, and expanded export market opportunities, and provide 
        for the reduction or elimination of trade and investment 
        barriers that disproportionately impact small businesses;
            (9) to promote universal ratification and full compliance 
        with ILO Convention No. 182 Concerning the Prohibition and 
        Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of 
        Child Labor;
            (10) to ensure that trade agreements reflect and facilitate 
        the increasingly interrelated, multi-sectoral nature of trade 
        and investment activity;
            (11) to recognize the growing significance of the Internet 
        as a trading platform in international commerce;
            (12) to take into account other legitimate United States 
        domestic objectives, including, but not limited to, the 
        protection of legitimate health or safety, essential security, 
        and consumer interests and the law and regulations related 
        thereto; and
            (13) to take into account conditions relating to religious 
        freedom of any party to negotiations for a trade agreement with 
        the United States.
    (b) Principal Trade Negotiating Objectives.--
            (1) Trade in goods.--The principal negotiating objectives 
        of the United States regarding trade in goods are--
                    (A) to expand competitive market opportunities for 
                exports of goods from the United States and to obtain 
                fairer and more open conditions of trade, including 
                through the utilization of global value chains, by 
                reducing or eliminating tariff and nontariff barriers 
                and policies and practices of foreign governments 
                directly related to trade that decrease market 
                opportunities for United States exports or otherwise 
                distort United States trade; and
                    (B) to obtain reciprocal tariff and nontariff 
                barrier elimination agreements, including with respect 
                to those tariff categories covered in section 111(b) of 
                the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3521(b)).
            (2) Trade in services.--(A) The principal negotiating 
        objective of the United States regarding trade in services is 
        to expand competitive market opportunities for United States 
        services and to obtain fairer and more open conditions of 
        trade, including through utilization of global value chains, by 
        reducing or eliminating barriers to international trade in 
        services, such as regulatory and other barriers that deny 
        national treatment and market access or unreasonably restrict 
        the establishment or operations of service suppliers.
            (B) Recognizing that expansion of trade in services 
        generates benefits for all sectors of the economy and 
        facilitates trade, the objective described in subparagraph (A) 
        should be pursued through all means, including through a 
        plurilateral agreement with those countries willing and able to 
        undertake high standard services commitments for both existing 
        and new services.
            (3) Trade in agriculture.--The principal negotiating 
        objective of the United States with respect to agriculture is 
        to obtain competitive opportunities for United States exports 
        of agricultural commodities in foreign markets substantially 
        equivalent to the competitive opportunities afforded foreign 
        exports in United States markets and to achieve fairer and more 
        open conditions of trade in bulk, specialty crop, and value 
        added commodities by--
                    (A) securing more open and equitable market access 
                through robust rules on sanitary and phytosanitary 
                measures that--
                            (i) encourage the adoption of international 
                        standards and require a science-based 
                        justification be provided for a sanitary or 
                        phytosanitary measure if the measure is more 
                        restrictive than the applicable international 
                        standard;
                            (ii) improve regulatory coherence, promote 
                        the use of systems-based approaches, and 
                        appropriately recognize the equivalence of 
                        health and safety protection systems of 
                        exporting countries;
                            (iii) require that measures are 
                        transparently developed and implemented, are 
                        based on risk assessments that take into 
                        account relevant international guidelines and 
                        scientific data, and are not more restrictive 
                        on trade than necessary to meet the intended 
                        purpose; and
                            (iv) improve import check processes, 
                        including testing methodologies and procedures, 
                        and certification requirements,
                while recognizing that countries may put in place 
                measures to protect human, animal, or plant life or 
                health in a manner consistent with their international 
                obligations, including the WTO Agreement on the 
                Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures 
                (referred to in section 101(d)(3) of the Uruguay Round 
                Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3511(d)(3)));
                    (B) reducing or eliminating, by a date certain, 
                tariffs or other charges that decrease market 
                opportunities for United States exports--
                            (i) giving priority to those products that 
                        are subject to significantly higher tariffs or 
                        subsidy regimes of major producing countries; 
                        and
                            (ii) providing reasonable adjustment 
                        periods for United States import sensitive 
                        products, in close consultation with Congress 
                        on such products before initiating tariff 
                        reduction negotiations;
                    (C) reducing tariffs to levels that are the same as 
                or lower than those in the United States;
                    (D) reducing or eliminating subsidies that decrease 
                market opportunities for United States exports or 
                unfairly distort agriculture markets to the detriment 
                of the United States;
                    (E) allowing the preservation of programs that 
                support family farms and rural communities but do not 
                distort trade;
                    (F) developing disciplines for domestic support 
                programs, so that production that is in excess of 
                domestic food security needs is sold at world prices;
                    (G) eliminating government policies that create 
                price depressing surpluses;
                    (H) eliminating state trading enterprises whenever 
                possible;
                    (I) developing, strengthening, and clarifying rules 
                to eliminate practices that unfairly decrease United 
                States market access opportunities or distort 
                agricultural markets to the detriment of the United 
                States, and ensuring that such rules are subject to 
                efficient, timely, and effective dispute settlement, 
                including--
                            (i) unfair or trade distorting activities 
                        of state trading enterprises and other 
                        administrative mechanisms, with emphasis on 
                        requiring price transparency in the operation 
                        of state trading enterprises and such other 
                        mechanisms in order to end cross subsidization, 
                        price discrimination, and price undercutting;
                            (ii) unjustified trade restrictions or 
                        commercial requirements, such as labeling, that 
                        affect new technologies, including 
                        biotechnology;
                            (iii) unjustified sanitary or phytosanitary 
                        restrictions, including restrictions not based 
                        on scientific principles in contravention of 
                        obligations in the Uruguay Round Agreements or 
                        bilateral or regional trade agreements;
                            (iv) other unjustified technical barriers 
                        to trade; and
                            (v) restrictive rules in the administration 
                        of tariff rate quotas;
                    (J) eliminating practices that adversely affect 
                trade in perishable or cyclical products, while 
                improving import relief mechanisms to recognize the 
                unique characteristics of perishable and cyclical 
                agriculture;
                    (K) ensuring that import relief mechanisms for 
                perishable and cyclical agriculture are as accessible 
                and timely to growers in the United States as those 
                mechanisms that are used by other countries;
                    (L) taking into account whether a party to the 
                negotiations has failed to adhere to the provisions of 
                already existing trade agreements with the United 
                States or has circumvented obligations under those 
                agreements;
                    (M) taking into account whether a product is 
                subject to market distortions by reason of a failure of 
                a major producing country to adhere to the provisions 
                of already existing trade agreements with the United 
                States or by the circumvention by that country of its 
                obligations under those agreements;
                    (N) otherwise ensuring that countries that accede 
                to the World Trade Organization have made meaningful 
                market liberalization commitments in agriculture;
                    (O) taking into account the impact that agreements 
                covering agriculture to which the United States is a 
                party have on the United States agricultural industry;
                    (P) maintaining bona fide food assistance programs, 
                market development programs, and export credit 
                programs;
                    (Q) seeking to secure the broadest market access 
                possible in multilateral, regional, and bilateral 
                negotiations, recognizing the effect that simultaneous 
                sets of negotiations may have on United States import 
                sensitive commodities (including those subject to 
                tariff rate quotas);
                    (R) seeking to develop an international consensus 
                on the treatment of seasonal or perishable agricultural 
                products in investigations relating to dumping and 
                safeguards and in any other relevant area;
                    (S) seeking to establish the common base year for 
                calculating the Aggregated Measurement of Support (as 
                defined in the Agreement on Agriculture) as the end of 
                each country's Uruguay Round implementation period, as 
                reported in each country's Uruguay Round market access 
                schedule;
                    (T) ensuring transparency in the administration of 
                tariff rate quotas through multilateral, plurilateral, 
                and bilateral negotiations; and
                    (U) eliminating and preventing the undermining of 
                market access for United States products through 
                improper use of a country's system for protecting or 
                recognizing geographical indications, including failing 
                to ensure transparency and procedural fairness and 
                protecting generic terms.
            (4) Foreign investment.--Recognizing that United States law 
        on the whole provides a high level of protection for 
        investment, consistent with or greater than the level required 
        by international law, the principal negotiating objectives of 
        the United States regarding foreign investment are to reduce or 
        eliminate artificial or trade distorting barriers to foreign 
        investment, while ensuring that foreign investors in the United 
        States are not accorded greater substantive rights with respect 
        to investment protections than United States investors in the 
        United States, and to secure for investors important rights 
        comparable to those that would be available under United States 
        legal principles and practice, by--
                    (A) reducing or eliminating exceptions to the 
                principle of national treatment;
                    (B) freeing the transfer of funds relating to 
                investments;
                    (C) reducing or eliminating performance 
                requirements, forced technology transfers, and other 
                unreasonable barriers to the establishment and 
                operation of investments;
                    (D) seeking to establish standards for 
                expropriation and compensation for expropriation, 
                consistent with United States legal principles and 
                practice;
                    (E) seeking to establish standards for fair and 
                equitable treatment, consistent with United States 
                legal principles and practice, including the principle 
                of due process;
                    (F) providing meaningful procedures for resolving 
                investment disputes;
                    (G) seeking to improve mechanisms used to resolve 
                disputes between an investor and a government through--
                            (i) mechanisms to eliminate frivolous 
                        claims and to deter the filing of frivolous 
                        claims;
                            (ii) procedures to ensure the efficient 
                        selection of arbitrators and the expeditious 
                        disposition of claims;
                            (iii) procedures to enhance opportunities 
                        for public input into the formulation of 
                        government positions; and
                            (iv) providing for an appellate body or 
                        similar mechanism to provide coherence to the 
                        interpretations of investment provisions in 
                        trade agreements; and
                    (H) ensuring the fullest measure of transparency in 
                the dispute settlement mechanism, to the extent 
                consistent with the need to protect information that is 
                classified or business confidential, by--
                            (i) ensuring that all requests for dispute 
                        settlement are promptly made public;
                            (ii) ensuring that--
                                    (I) all proceedings, submissions, 
                                findings, and decisions are promptly 
                                made public; and
                                    (II) all hearings are open to the 
                                public; and
                            (iii) establishing a mechanism for 
                        acceptance of amicus curiae submissions from 
                        businesses, unions, and nongovernmental 
                        organizations.
            (5) Intellectual property.--The principal negotiating 
        objectives of the United States regarding trade-related 
        intellectual property are--
                    (A) to further promote adequate and effective 
                protection of intellectual property rights, including 
                through--
                            (i)(I) ensuring accelerated and full 
                        implementation of the Agreement on Trade-
                        Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 
                        referred to in section 101(d)(15) of the 
                        Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 
                        3511(d)(15)), particularly with respect to 
                        meeting enforcement obligations under that 
                        agreement; and
                            (II) ensuring that the provisions of any 
                        trade agreement governing intellectual property 
                        rights that is entered into by the United 
                        States reflect a standard of protection similar 
                        to that found in United States law;
                            (ii) providing strong protection for new 
                        and emerging technologies and new methods of 
                        transmitting and distributing products 
                        embodying intellectual property, including in a 
                        manner that facilitates legitimate digital 
                        trade;
                            (iii) preventing or eliminating 
                        discrimination with respect to matters 
                        affecting the availability, acquisition, scope, 
                        maintenance, use, and enforcement of 
                        intellectual property rights;
                            (iv) ensuring that standards of protection 
                        and enforcement keep pace with technological 
                        developments, and in particular ensuring that 
                        rightholders have the legal and technological 
                        means to control the use of their works through 
                        the Internet and other global communication 
                        media, and to prevent the unauthorized use of 
                        their works;
                            (v) providing strong enforcement of 
                        intellectual property rights, including through 
                        accessible, expeditious, and effective civil, 
                        administrative, and criminal enforcement 
                        mechanisms; and
                            (vi) preventing or eliminating government 
                        involvement in the violation of intellectual 
                        property rights, including cyber theft and 
                        piracy;
                    (B) to secure fair, equitable, and 
                nondiscriminatory market access opportunities for 
                United States persons that rely upon intellectual 
                property protection; and
                    (C) to respect the Declaration on the TRIPS 
                Agreement and Public Health, adopted by the World Trade 
                Organization at the Fourth Ministerial Conference at 
                Doha, Qatar on November 14, 2001, and to ensure that 
                trade agreements foster innovation and promote access 
                to medicines.
            (6) Digital trade in goods and services and cross-border 
        data flows.--The principal negotiating objectives of the United 
        States with respect to digital trade in goods and services, as 
        well as cross-border data flows, are--
                    (A) to ensure that current obligations, rules, 
                disciplines, and commitments under the World Trade 
                Organization and bilateral and regional trade 
                agreements apply to digital trade in goods and services 
                and to cross-border data flows;
                    (B) to ensure that--
                            (i) electronically delivered goods and 
                        services receive no less favorable treatment 
                        under trade rules and commitments than like 
                        products delivered in physical form; and
                            (ii) the classification of such goods and 
                        services ensures the most liberal trade 
                        treatment possible, fully encompassing both 
                        existing and new trade;
                    (C) to ensure that governments refrain from 
                implementing trade-related measures that impede digital 
                trade in goods and services, restrict cross-border data 
                flows, or require local storage or processing of data;
                    (D) with respect to subparagraphs (A) through (C), 
                where legitimate policy objectives require domestic 
                regulations that affect digital trade in goods and 
                services or cross-border data flows, to obtain 
                commitments that any such regulations are the least 
                restrictive on trade, nondiscriminatory, and 
                transparent, and promote an open market environment; 
                and
                    (E) to extend the moratorium of the World Trade 
                Organization on duties on electronic transmissions.
            (7) Regulatory practices.--The principal negotiating 
        objectives of the United States regarding the use of government 
        regulation or other practices to reduce market access for 
        United States goods, services, and investments are--
                    (A) to achieve increased transparency and 
                opportunity for the participation of affected parties 
                in the development of regulations;
                    (B) to require that proposed regulations be based 
                on sound science, cost benefit analysis, risk 
                assessment, or other objective evidence;
                    (C) to establish consultative mechanisms and seek 
                other commitments, as appropriate, to improve 
                regulatory practices and promote increased regulatory 
                coherence, including through--
                            (i) transparency in developing guidelines, 
                        rules, regulations, and laws for government 
                        procurement and other regulatory regimes;
                            (ii) the elimination of redundancies in 
                        testing and certification;
                            (iii) early consultations on significant 
                        regulations;
                            (iv) the use of impact assessments;
                            (v) the periodic review of existing 
                        regulatory measures; and
                            (vi) the application of good regulatory 
                        practices;
                    (D) to seek greater openness, transparency, and 
                convergence of standards development processes, and 
                enhance cooperation on standards issues globally;
                    (E) to promote regulatory compatibility through 
                harmonization, equivalence, or mutual recognition of 
                different regulations and standards and to encourage 
                the use of international and interoperable standards, 
                as appropriate;
                    (F) to achieve the elimination of government 
                measures such as price controls and reference pricing 
                which deny full market access for United States 
                products;
                    (G) to ensure that government regulatory 
                reimbursement regimes are transparent, provide 
                procedural fairness, are nondiscriminatory, and provide 
                full market access for United States products; and
                    (H) to ensure that foreign governments--
                            (i) demonstrate that the collection of 
                        undisclosed proprietary information is limited 
                        to that necessary to satisfy a legitimate and 
                        justifiable regulatory interest; and
                            (ii) protect such information against 
                        disclosure, except in exceptional circumstances 
                        to protect the public, or where such 
                        information is effectively protected against 
                        unfair competition.
            (8) State-owned and state-controlled enterprises.--The 
        principal negotiating objective of the United States regarding 
        competition by state-owned and state-controlled enterprises is 
        to seek commitments that--
                    (A) eliminate or prevent trade distortions and 
                unfair competition favoring state-owned and state-
                controlled enterprises to the extent of their 
                engagement in commercial activity, and
                    (B) ensure that such engagement is based solely on 
                commercial considerations,
        in particular through disciplines that eliminate or prevent 
        discrimination and market-distorting subsidies and that promote 
        transparency.
            (9) Localization barriers to trade.--The principal 
        negotiating objective of the United States with respect to 
        localization barriers is to eliminate and prevent measures that 
        require United States producers and service providers to locate 
        facilities, intellectual property, or other assets in a country 
        as a market access or investment condition, including 
        indigenous innovation measures.
            (10) Labor and the environment.--The principal negotiating 
        objectives of the United States with respect to labor and the 
        environment are--
                    (A) to ensure that a party to a trade agreement 
                with the United States--
                            (i) adopts and maintains measures 
                        implementing internationally recognized core 
                        labor standards (as defined in section 111(17)) 
                        and its obligations under common multilateral 
                        environmental agreements (as defined in section 
                        111(6)),
                            (ii) does not waive or otherwise derogate 
                        from, or offer to waive or otherwise derogate 
                        from--
                                    (I) its statutes or regulations 
                                implementing internationally recognized 
                                core labor standards (as defined in 
                                section 111(17)), in a manner affecting 
                                trade or investment between the United 
                                States and that party, where the waiver 
                                or derogation would be inconsistent 
                                with one or more such standards, or
                                    (II) its environmental laws in a 
                                manner that weakens or reduces the 
                                protections afforded in those laws and 
                                in a manner affecting trade or 
                                investment between the United States 
                                and that party, except as provided in 
                                its law and provided not inconsistent 
                                with its obligations under common 
                                multilateral environmental agreements 
                                (as defined in section 111(6)) or other 
                                provisions of the trade agreement 
                                specifically agreed upon, and
                            (iii) does not fail to effectively enforce 
                        its environmental or labor laws, through a 
                        sustained or recurring course of action or 
                        inaction,
                in a manner affecting trade or investment between the 
                United States and that party after entry into force of 
                a trade agreement between those countries;
                    (B) to recognize that--
                            (i) with respect to environment, parties to 
                        a trade agreement retain the right to exercise 
                        prosecutorial discretion and to make decisions 
                        regarding the allocation of enforcement 
                        resources with respect to other environmental 
                        laws determined to have higher priorities, and 
                        a party is effectively enforcing its laws if a 
                        course of action or inaction reflects a 
                        reasonable, bona fide exercise of such 
                        discretion, or results from a reasonable, bona 
                        fide decision regarding the allocation of 
                        resources; and
                            (ii) with respect to labor, decisions 
                        regarding the distribution of enforcement 
                        resources are not a reason for not complying 
                        with a party's labor obligations; a party to a 
                        trade agreement retains the right to reasonable 
                        exercise of discretion and to make bona fide 
                        decisions regarding the allocation of resources 
                        between labor enforcement activities among core 
                        labor standards, provided the exercise of such 
                        discretion and such decisions are not 
                        inconsistent with its obligations;
                    (C) to strengthen the capacity of United States 
                trading partners to promote respect for core labor 
                standards (as defined in section 111(7));
                    (D) to strengthen the capacity of United States 
                trading partners to protect the environment through the 
                promotion of sustainable development;
                    (E) to reduce or eliminate government practices or 
                policies that unduly threaten sustainable development;
                    (F) to seek market access, through the elimination 
                of tariffs and nontariff barriers, for United States 
                environmental technologies, goods, and services;
                    (G) to ensure that labor, environmental, health, or 
                safety policies and practices of the parties to trade 
                agreements with the United States do not arbitrarily or 
                unjustifiably discriminate against United States 
                exports or serve as disguised barriers to trade;
                    (H) to ensure that enforceable labor and 
                environment obligations are subject to the same dispute 
                settlement and remedies as other enforceable 
                obligations under the agreement; and
                    (I) to ensure that a trade agreement is not 
                construed to empower a party's authorities to undertake 
                labor or environmental law enforcement activities in 
                the territory of the United States.
            (11) Currency.--The principal negotiating objective of the 
        United States with respect to currency practices is that 
        parties to a trade agreement with the United States avoid 
        manipulating exchange rates in order to prevent effective 
        balance of payments adjustment or to gain an unfair competitive 
        advantage over other parties to the agreement, such as through 
        cooperative mechanisms, enforceable rules, reporting, 
        monitoring, transparency, or other means, as appropriate.
            (12) Foreign currency manipulation.--The principal 
        negotiating objective of the United States with respect to 
        unfair currency practices is to seek to establish 
        accountability through enforceable rules, transparency, 
        reporting, monitoring, cooperative mechanisms, or other means 
        to address exchange rate manipulation involving protracted 
        large scale intervention in one direction in the exchange 
        markets and a persistently undervalued foreign exchange rate to 
        gain an unfair competitive advantage in trade over other 
        parties to a trade agreement, consistent with existing 
        obligations of the United States as a member of the 
        International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization.
            (13) WTO and multilateral trade agreements.--Recognizing 
        that the World Trade Organization is the foundation of the 
        global trading system, the principal negotiating objectives of 
        the United States regarding the World Trade Organization, the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements, and other multilateral and 
        plurilateral trade agreements are--
                    (A) to achieve full implementation and extend the 
                coverage of the World Trade Organization and 
                multilateral and plurilateral agreements to products, 
                sectors, and conditions of trade not adequately 
                covered;
                    (B) to expand country participation in and 
                enhancement of the Information Technology Agreement, 
                the Government Procurement Agreement, and other 
                plurilateral trade agreements of the World Trade 
                Organization;
                    (C) to expand competitive market opportunities for 
                United States exports and to obtain fairer and more 
                open conditions of trade, including through utilization 
                of global value chains, through the negotiation of new 
                WTO multilateral and plurilateral trade agreements, 
                such as an agreement on trade facilitation;
                    (D) to ensure that regional trade agreements to 
                which the United States is not a party fully achieve 
                the high standards of, and comply with, WTO 
                disciplines, including Article XXIV of GATT 1994, 
                Article V and V bis of the General Agreement on Trade 
                in Services, and the Enabling Clause, including through 
                meaningful WTO review of such regional trade 
                agreements;
                    (E) to enhance compliance by WTO members with their 
                obligations as WTO members through active participation 
                in the bodies of the World Trade Organization by the 
                United States and all other WTO members, including in 
                the trade policy review mechanism and the committee 
                system of the World Trade Organization, and by working 
                to increase the effectiveness of such bodies; and
                    (F) to encourage greater cooperation between the 
                World Trade Organization and other international 
                organizations.
            (14) Trade institution transparency.--The principal 
        negotiating objective of the United States with respect to 
        transparency is to obtain wider and broader application of the 
        principle of transparency in the World Trade Organization, 
        entities established under bilateral and regional trade 
        agreements, and other international trade fora through 
        seeking--
                    (A) timely public access to information regarding 
                trade issues and the activities of such institutions;
                    (B) openness by ensuring public access to 
                appropriate meetings, proceedings, and submissions, 
                including with regard to trade and investment dispute 
                settlement; and
                    (C) public access to all notifications and 
                supporting documentation submitted by WTO members.
            (15) Anti-corruption.--The principal negotiating objectives 
        of the United States with respect to the use of money or other 
        things of value to influence acts, decisions, or omissions of 
        foreign governments or officials or to secure any improper 
        advantage in a manner affecting trade are--
                    (A) to obtain high standards and effective domestic 
                enforcement mechanisms applicable to persons from all 
                countries participating in the applicable trade 
                agreement that prohibit such attempts to influence 
                acts, decisions, or omissions of foreign governments or 
                officials or to secure any such improper advantage;
                    (B) to ensure that such standards level the playing 
                field for United States persons in international trade 
                and investment; and
                    (C) to seek commitments to work jointly to 
                encourage and support anti-corruption and anti-bribery 
                initiatives in international trade fora, including 
                through the Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign 
                Public Officials in International Business Transactions 
                of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and 
                Development, done at Paris December 17, 1997 (commonly 
                known as the ``OECD Anti-Bribery Convention'').
            (16) Dispute settlement and enforcement.--The principal 
        negotiating objectives of the United States with respect to 
        dispute settlement and enforcement of trade agreements are--
                    (A) to seek provisions in trade agreements 
                providing for resolution of disputes between 
                governments under those trade agreements in an 
                effective, timely, transparent, equitable, and reasoned 
                manner, requiring determinations based on facts and the 
                principles of the agreements, with the goal of 
                increasing compliance with the agreements;
                    (B) to seek to strengthen the capacity of the Trade 
                Policy Review Mechanism of the World Trade Organization 
                to review compliance with commitments;
                    (C) to seek adherence by panels convened under the 
                Dispute Settlement Understanding and by the Appellate 
                Body to--
                            (i) the mandate of those panels and the 
                        Appellate Body to apply the WTO Agreement as 
                        written, without adding to or diminishing 
                        rights and obligations under the Agreement; and
                            (ii) the standard of review applicable 
                        under the Uruguay Round Agreement involved in 
                        the dispute, including greater deference, where 
                        appropriate, to the fact finding and technical 
                        expertise of national investigating 
                        authorities;
                    (D) to seek provisions encouraging the early 
                identification and settlement of disputes through 
                consultation;
                    (E) to seek provisions to encourage the provision 
                of trade-expanding compensation if a party to a dispute 
                under the agreement does not come into compliance with 
                its obligations under the agreement;
                    (F) to seek provisions to impose a penalty upon a 
                party to a dispute under the agreement that--
                            (i) encourages compliance with the 
                        obligations of the agreement;
                            (ii) is appropriate to the parties, nature, 
                        subject matter, and scope of the violation; and
                            (iii) has the aim of not adversely 
                        affecting parties or interests not party to the 
                        dispute while maintaining the effectiveness of 
                        the enforcement mechanism; and
                    (G) to seek provisions that treat United States 
                principal negotiating objectives equally with respect 
                to--
                            (i) the ability to resort to dispute 
                        settlement under the applicable agreement;
                            (ii) the availability of equivalent dispute 
                        settlement procedures; and
                            (iii) the availability of equivalent 
                        remedies.
            (17) Trade remedy laws.--The principal negotiating 
        objectives of the United States with respect to trade remedy 
        laws are--
                    (A) to preserve the ability of the United States to 
                enforce rigorously its trade laws, including the 
                antidumping, countervailing duty, and safeguard laws, 
                and avoid agreements that lessen the effectiveness of 
                domestic and international disciplines on unfair trade, 
                especially dumping and subsidies, or that lessen the 
                effectiveness of domestic and international safeguard 
                provisions, in order to ensure that United States 
                workers, agricultural producers, and firms can compete 
                fully on fair terms and enjoy the benefits of 
                reciprocal trade concessions; and
                    (B) to address and remedy market distortions that 
                lead to dumping and subsidization, including 
                overcapacity, cartelization, and market access 
                barriers.
            (18) Border taxes.--The principal negotiating objective of 
        the United States regarding border taxes is to obtain a 
        revision of the rules of the World Trade Organization with 
        respect to the treatment of border adjustments for internal 
        taxes to redress the disadvantage to countries relying 
        primarily on direct taxes for revenue rather than indirect 
        taxes.
            (19) Textile negotiations.--The principal negotiating 
        objectives of the United States with respect to trade in 
        textiles and apparel articles are to obtain competitive 
        opportunities for United States exports of textiles and apparel 
        in foreign markets substantially equivalent to the competitive 
        opportunities afforded foreign exports in United States markets 
        and to achieve fairer and more open conditions of trade in 
        textiles and apparel.
            (20) Commercial partnerships.--
                    (A) In general.--With respect to an agreement that 
                is proposed to be entered into with the Transatlantic 
                Trade and Investment Partnership countries and to which 
                section 103(b) will apply, the principal negotiating 
                objectives of the United States regarding commercial 
                partnerships are the following:
                            (i) To discourage actions by potential 
                        trading partners that directly or indirectly 
                        prejudice or otherwise discourage commercial 
                        activity solely between the United States and 
                        Israel.
                            (ii) To discourage politically motivated 
                        actions to boycott, divest from, or sanction 
                        Israel and to seek the elimination of 
                        politically motivated nontariff barriers on 
                        Israeli goods, services, or other commerce 
                        imposed on the State of Israel.
                            (iii) To seek the elimination of state-
                        sponsored unsanctioned foreign boycotts against 
                        Israel or compliance with the Arab League 
                        Boycott of Israel by prospective trading 
                        partners.
                    (B) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
                ``actions to boycott, divest from, or sanction Israel'' 
                means actions by states, non-member states of the 
                United Nations, international organizations, or 
                affiliated agencies of international organizations that 
                are politically motivated and are intended to penalize 
                or otherwise limit commercial relations specifically 
                with Israel or persons doing business in Israel or in 
                Israeli-controlled territories.
            (21) Good governance, transparency, the effective operation 
        of legal regimes, and the rule of law of trading partners.--The 
        principal negotiating objectives of the United States with 
        respect to ensuring implementation of trade commitments and 
        obligations by strengthening good governance, transparency, the 
        effective operation of legal regimes and the rule of law of 
        trading partners of the United States is through capacity 
        building and other appropriate means, which are important parts 
        of the broader effort to create more open democratic societies 
        and to promote respect for internationally recognized human 
        rights.
    (c) Capacity Building and Other Priorities.--In order to address 
and maintain United States competitiveness in the global economy, the 
President shall--
            (1) direct the heads of relevant Federal agencies--
                    (A) to work to strengthen the capacity of United 
                States trading partners to carry out obligations under 
                trade agreements by consulting with any country seeking 
                a trade agreement with the United States concerning 
                that country's laws relating to customs and trade 
                facilitation, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, 
                technical barriers to trade, intellectual property 
                rights, labor, and the environment; and
                    (B) to provide technical assistance to that country 
                if needed;
            (2) seek to establish consultative mechanisms among parties 
        to trade agreements to strengthen the capacity of United States 
        trading partners to develop and implement standards for the 
        protection of the environment and human health based on sound 
        science;
            (3) promote consideration of multilateral environmental 
        agreements and consult with parties to such agreements 
        regarding the consistency of any such agreement that includes 
        trade measures with existing environmental exceptions under 
        Article XX of GATT 1994; and
            (4) submit to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate 
        an annual report on capacity-building activities undertaken in 
        connection with trade agreements negotiated or being negotiated 
        pursuant to this title.

SEC. 103. TRADE AGREEMENTS AUTHORITY.

    (a) Agreements Regarding Tariff Barriers.--
            (1) In general.--Whenever the President determines that one 
        or more existing duties or other import restrictions of any 
        foreign country or the United States are unduly burdening and 
        restricting the foreign trade of the United States and that the 
        purposes, policies, priorities, and objectives of this title 
        will be promoted thereby, the President--
                    (A) may enter into trade agreements with foreign 
                countries before--
                            (i) July 1, 2018; or
                            (ii) July 1, 2021, if trade authorities 
                        procedures are extended under subsection (c); 
                        and
                    (B) may, subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), 
                proclaim--
                            (i) such modification or continuance of any 
                        existing duty,
                            (ii) such continuance of existing duty free 
                        or excise treatment, or
                            (iii) such additional duties,
                as the President determines to be required or 
                appropriate to carry out any such trade agreement.
        Substantial modifications to, or substantial additional 
        provisions of, a trade agreement entered into after July 1, 
        2018, or July 1, 2021, if trade authorities procedures are 
        extended under subsection (c), shall not be eligible for 
        approval under this title.
            (2) Notification.--The President shall notify Congress of 
        the President's intention to enter into an agreement under this 
        subsection.
            (3) Limitations.--No proclamation may be made under 
        paragraph (1) that--
                    (A) reduces any rate of duty (other than a rate of 
                duty that does not exceed 5 percent ad valorem on the 
                date of the enactment of this Act) to a rate of duty 
                which is less than 50 percent of the rate of such duty 
                that applies on such date of enactment;
                    (B) reduces the rate of duty below that applicable 
                under the Uruguay Round Agreements or a successor 
                agreement, on any import sensitive agricultural 
                product; or
                    (C) increases any rate of duty above the rate that 
                applied on the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (4) Aggregate reduction; exemption from staging.--
                    (A) Aggregate reduction.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the aggregate reduction in the rate 
                of duty on any article which is in effect on any day 
                pursuant to a trade agreement entered into under 
                paragraph (1) shall not exceed the aggregate reduction 
                which would have been in effect on such day if--
                            (i) a reduction of 3 percent ad valorem or 
                        a reduction of \1/10\ of the total reduction, 
                        whichever is greater, had taken effect on the 
                        effective date of the first reduction 
                        proclaimed under paragraph (1) to carry out 
                        such agreement with respect to such article; 
                        and
                            (ii) a reduction equal to the amount 
                        applicable under clause (i) had taken effect at 
                        1-year intervals after the effective date of 
                        such first reduction.
                    (B) Exemption from staging.--No staging is required 
                under subparagraph (A) with respect to a duty reduction 
                that is proclaimed under paragraph (1) for an article 
                of a kind that is not produced in the United States. 
                The United States International Trade Commission shall 
                advise the President of the identity of articles that 
                may be exempted from staging under this subparagraph.
            (5) Rounding.--If the President determines that such action 
        will simplify the computation of reductions under paragraph 
        (4), the President may round an annual reduction by an amount 
        equal to the lesser of--
                    (A) the difference between the reduction without 
                regard to this paragraph and the next lower whole 
                number; or
                    (B) \1/2\ of 1 percent ad valorem.
            (6) Other limitations.--A rate of duty reduction that may 
        not be proclaimed by reason of paragraph (3) may take effect 
        only if a provision authorizing such reduction is included 
        within an implementing bill provided for under section 106 and 
        that bill is enacted into law.
            (7) Other tariff modifications.--Notwithstanding paragraphs 
        (1)(B), (3)(A), (3)(C), and (4) through (6), and subject to the 
        consultation and layover requirements of section 115 of the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3524), the President 
        may proclaim the modification of any duty or staged rate 
        reduction of any duty set forth in Schedule XX, as defined in 
        section 2(5) of that Act (19 U.S.C. 3501(5)), if the United 
        States agrees to such modification or staged rate reduction in 
        a negotiation for the reciprocal elimination or harmonization 
        of duties under the auspices of the World Trade Organization.
            (8) Authority under uruguay round agreements act not 
        affected.--Nothing in this subsection shall limit the authority 
        provided to the President under section 111(b) of the Uruguay 
        Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3521(b)).
    (b) Agreements Regarding Tariff and Nontariff Barriers.--
            (1) In general.--(A) Whenever the President determines 
        that--
                    (i) 1 or more existing duties or any other import 
                restriction of any foreign country or the United States 
                or any other barrier to, or other distortion of, 
                international trade unduly burdens or restricts the 
                foreign trade of the United States or adversely affects 
                the United States economy, or
                    (ii) the imposition of any such barrier or 
                distortion is likely to result in such a burden, 
                restriction, or effect,
        and that the purposes, policies, priorities, and objectives of 
        this title will be promoted thereby, the President may enter 
        into a trade agreement described in subparagraph (B) during the 
        period described in subparagraph (C).
            (B) The President may enter into a trade agreement under 
        subparagraph (A) with foreign countries providing for--
                    (i) the reduction or elimination of a duty, 
                restriction, barrier, or other distortion described in 
                subparagraph (A); or
                    (ii) the prohibition of, or limitation on the 
                imposition of, such barrier or other distortion.
            (C) The President may enter into a trade agreement under 
        this paragraph before--
                    (i) July 1, 2018; or
                    (ii) July 1, 2021, if trade authorities procedures 
                are extended under subsection (c).
        Substantial modifications to, or substantial additional 
        provisions of, a trade agreement entered into after July 1, 
        2018, or July 1, 2021, if trade authorities procedures are 
        extended under subsection (c), shall not be eligible for 
        approval under this title.
            (2) Conditions.--A trade agreement may be entered into 
        under this subsection only if such agreement makes progress in 
        meeting the applicable objectives described in subsections (a) 
        and (b) of section 102 and the President satisfies the 
        conditions set forth in sections 104 and 105.
            (3) Bills qualifying for trade authorities procedures.--(A) 
        The provisions of section 151 of the Trade Act of 1974 (in this 
        title referred to as ``trade authorities procedures'') apply to 
        a bill of either House of Congress which contains provisions 
        described in subparagraph (B) to the same extent as such 
        section 151 applies to implementing bills under that section. A 
        bill to which this paragraph applies shall hereafter in this 
        title be referred to as an ``implementing bill''.
            (B) The provisions referred to in subparagraph (A) are--
                    (i) a provision approving a trade agreement entered 
                into under this subsection and approving the statement 
                of administrative action, if any, proposed to implement 
                such trade agreement; and
                    (ii) if changes in existing laws or new statutory 
                authority are required to implement such trade 
                agreement or agreements, only such provisions as are 
                strictly necessary or appropriate to implement such 
                trade agreement or agreements, either repealing or 
                amending existing laws or providing new statutory 
                authority.
    (c) Extension Disapproval Process for Congressional Trade 
Authorities Procedures.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in section 106(b)--
                    (A) the trade authorities procedures apply to 
                implementing bills submitted with respect to trade 
                agreements entered into under subsection (b) before 
                July 1, 2018; and
                    (B) the trade authorities procedures shall be 
                extended to implementing bills submitted with respect 
                to trade agreements entered into under subsection (b) 
                after June 30, 2018, and before July 1, 2021, if (and 
                only if)--
                            (i) the President requests such extension 
                        under paragraph (2); and
                            (ii) neither House of Congress adopts an 
                        extension disapproval resolution under 
                        paragraph (5) before July 1, 2018.
            (2) Report to congress by the president.--If the President 
        is of the opinion that the trade authorities procedures should 
        be extended to implementing bills described in paragraph 
        (1)(B), the President shall submit to Congress, not later than 
        April 1, 2018, a written report that contains a request for 
        such extension, together with--
                    (A) a description of all trade agreements that have 
                been negotiated under subsection (b) and the 
                anticipated schedule for submitting such agreements to 
                Congress for approval;
                    (B) a description of the progress that has been 
                made in negotiations to achieve the purposes, policies, 
                priorities, and objectives of this title, and a 
                statement that such progress justifies the continuation 
                of negotiations; and
                    (C) a statement of the reasons why the extension is 
                needed to complete the negotiations.
            (3) Other reports to congress.--
                    (A) Report by the advisory committee.--The 
                President shall promptly inform the Advisory Committee 
                for Trade Policy and Negotiations established under 
                section 135 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2155) 
                of the decision of the President to submit a report to 
                Congress under paragraph (2). The Advisory Committee 
                shall submit to Congress as soon as practicable, but 
                not later than June 1, 2018, a written report that 
                contains--
                            (i) its views regarding the progress that 
                        has been made in negotiations to achieve the 
                        purposes, policies, priorities, and objectives 
                        of this title; and
                            (ii) a statement of its views, and the 
                        reasons therefor, regarding whether the 
                        extension requested under paragraph (2) should 
                        be approved or disapproved.
                    (B) Report by international trade commission.--The 
                President shall promptly inform the United States 
                International Trade Commission of the decision of the 
                President to submit a report to Congress under 
                paragraph (2). The International Trade Commission shall 
                submit to Congress as soon as practicable, but not 
                later than June 1, 2018, a written report that contains 
                a review and analysis of the economic impact on the 
                United States of all trade agreements implemented 
                between the date of the enactment of this Act and the 
                date on which the President decides to seek an 
                extension requested under paragraph (2).
            (4) Status of reports.--The reports submitted to Congress 
        under paragraphs (2) and (3), or any portion of such reports, 
        may be classified to the extent the President determines 
        appropriate.
            (5) Extension disapproval resolutions.--(A) For purposes of 
        paragraph (1), the term ``extension disapproval resolution'' 
        means a resolution of either House of Congress, the sole matter 
        after the resolving clause of which is as follows: ``That the 
        ____ disapproves the request of the President for the 
        extension, under section 103(c)(1)(B)(i) of the Bipartisan 
        Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015, 
        of the trade authorities procedures under that Act to any 
        implementing bill submitted with respect to any trade agreement 
        entered into under section 103(b) of that Act after June 30, 
        2018.'', with the blank space being filled with the name of the 
        resolving House of Congress.
            (B) Extension disapproval resolutions--
                    (i) may be introduced in either House of Congress 
                by any member of such House; and
                    (ii) shall be referred, in the House of 
                Representatives, to the Committee on Ways and Means 
                and, in addition, to the Committee on Rules.
            (C) The provisions of subsections (d) and (e) of section 
        152 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2192) (relating to the 
        floor consideration of certain resolutions in the House and 
        Senate) apply to extension disapproval resolutions.
            (D) It is not in order for--
                    (i) the House of Representatives to consider any 
                extension disapproval resolution not reported by the 
                Committee on Ways and Means and, in addition, by the 
                Committee on Rules;
                    (ii) the Senate to consider any extension 
                disapproval resolution not reported by the Committee on 
                Finance; or
                    (iii) either House of Congress to consider an 
                extension disapproval resolution after June 30, 2018.
    (d) Commencement of Negotiations.--In order to contribute to the 
continued economic expansion of the United States, the President shall 
commence negotiations covering tariff and nontariff barriers affecting 
any industry, product, or service sector, and expand existing sectoral 
agreements to countries that are not parties to those agreements, in 
cases where the President determines that such negotiations are 
feasible and timely and would benefit the United States. Such sectors 
include agriculture, commercial services, intellectual property rights, 
industrial and capital goods, government procurement, information 
technology products, environmental technology and services, medical 
equipment and services, civil aircraft, and infrastructure products. In 
so doing, the President shall take into account all of the negotiating 
objectives set forth in section 102.

SEC. 104. CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT, CONSULTATIONS, AND ACCESS TO 
              INFORMATION.

    (a) Consultations With Members of Congress.--
            (1) Consultations during negotiations.--In the course of 
        negotiations conducted under this title, the United States 
        Trade Representative shall--
                    (A) meet upon request with any Member of Congress 
                regarding negotiating objectives, the status of 
                negotiations in progress, and the nature of any changes 
                in the laws of the United States or the administration 
                of those laws that may be recommended to Congress to 
                carry out any trade agreement or any requirement of, 
                amendment to, or recommendation under, that agreement;
                    (B) upon request of any Member of Congress, provide 
                access to pertinent documents relating to the 
                negotiations, including classified materials;
                    (C) consult closely and on a timely basis with, and 
                keep fully apprised of the negotiations, the Committee 
                on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Finance of the Senate;
                    (D) consult closely and on a timely basis with, and 
                keep fully apprised of the negotiations, the House 
                Advisory Group on Negotiations and the Senate Advisory 
                Group on Negotiations convened under subsection (c) and 
                all committees of the House of Representatives and the 
                Senate with jurisdiction over laws that could be 
                affected by a trade agreement resulting from the 
                negotiations; and
                    (E) with regard to any negotiations and agreement 
                relating to agricultural trade, also consult closely 
                and on a timely basis (including immediately before 
                initialing an agreement) with, and keep fully apprised 
                of the negotiations, the Committee on Agriculture of 
                the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.
            (2) Consultations prior to entry into force.--Prior to 
        exchanging notes providing for the entry into force of a trade 
        agreement, the United States Trade Representative shall consult 
        closely and on a timely basis with Members of Congress and 
        committees as specified in paragraph (1), and keep them fully 
        apprised of the measures a trading partner has taken to comply 
        with those provisions of the agreement that are to take effect 
        on the date that the agreement enters into force.
            (3) Enhanced coordination with congress.--
                    (A) Written guidelines.--The United States Trade 
                Representative, in consultation with the chairmen and 
                the ranking members of the Committee on Ways and Means 
                of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Finance of the Senate, respectively--
                            (i) shall, not later than 120 days after 
                        the date of the enactment of this Act, develop 
                        written guidelines on enhanced coordination 
                        with Congress, including coordination with 
                        designated congressional advisers under 
                        subsection (b), regarding negotiations 
                        conducted under this title; and
                            (ii) may make such revisions to the 
                        guidelines as may be necessary from time to 
                        time.
                    (B) Content of guidelines.--The guidelines 
                developed under subparagraph (A) shall enhance 
                coordination with Congress through procedures to 
                ensure--
                            (i) timely briefings upon request of any 
                        Member of Congress regarding negotiating 
                        objectives, the status of negotiations in 
                        progress conducted under this title, and the 
                        nature of any changes in the laws of the United 
                        States or the administration of those laws that 
                        may be recommended to Congress to carry out any 
                        trade agreement or any requirement of, 
                        amendment to, or recommendation under, that 
                        agreement; and
                            (ii) the sharing of detailed and timely 
                        information with Members of Congress, and their 
                        staff with proper security clearances as 
                        appropriate, regarding those negotiations and 
                        pertinent documents related to those 
                        negotiations (including classified 
                        information), and with committee staff with 
                        proper security clearances as would be 
                        appropriate in the light of the 
                        responsibilities of that committee over the 
                        trade agreements programs affected by those 
                        negotiations.
                    (C) Dissemination.--The United States Trade 
                Representative shall disseminate the guidelines 
                developed under subparagraph (A) to all Federal 
                agencies that could have jurisdiction over laws 
                affected by trade negotiations.
    (b) Designated Congressional Advisers.--
            (1) Designation.--
                    (A) House of representatives.--In each Congress, 
                any Member of the House of Representatives may be 
                designated as a congressional adviser on trade policy 
                and negotiations by the Speaker of the House of 
                Representatives, after consulting with the chairman and 
                ranking member of the Committee on Ways and Means and 
                the chairman and ranking member of the committee from 
                which the Member will be selected.
                    (B) Senate.--In each Congress, any Member of the 
                Senate may be designated as a congressional adviser on 
                trade policy and negotiations by the President pro 
                tempore of the Senate, after consultation with the 
                chairman and ranking member of the Committee on Finance 
                and the chairman and ranking member of the committee 
                from which the Member will be selected.
            (2) Consultations with designated congressional advisers.--
        In the course of negotiations conducted under this title, the 
        United States Trade Representative shall consult closely and on 
        a timely basis (including immediately before initialing an 
        agreement) with, and keep fully apprised of the negotiations, 
        the congressional advisers for trade policy and negotiations 
        designated under paragraph (1).
            (3) Accreditation.--Each Member of Congress designated as a 
        congressional adviser under paragraph (1) shall be accredited 
        by the United States Trade Representative on behalf of the 
        President as an official adviser to the United States 
        delegations to international conferences, meetings, and 
        negotiating sessions relating to trade agreements.
    (c) Congressional Advisory Groups on Negotiations.--
            (1) In general.--By not later than 60 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, and not later than 30 days after 
        the convening of each Congress, the chairman of the Committee 
        on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives shall convene 
        the House Advisory Group on Negotiations and the chairman of 
        the Committee on Finance of the Senate shall convene the Senate 
        Advisory Group on Negotiations (in this subsection referred to 
        collectively as the ``congressional advisory groups'').
            (2) Members and functions.--
                    (A) Membership of the house advisory group on 
                negotiations.--In each Congress, the House Advisory 
                Group on Negotiations shall be comprised of the 
                following Members of the House of Representatives:
                            (i) The chairman and ranking member of the 
                        Committee on Ways and Means, and 3 additional 
                        members of such Committee (not more than 2 of 
                        whom are members of the same political party).
                            (ii) The chairman and ranking member, or 
                        their designees, of the committees of the House 
                        of Representatives that would have, under the 
                        Rules of the House of Representatives, 
                        jurisdiction over provisions of law affected by 
                        a trade agreement negotiation conducted at any 
                        time during that Congress and to which this 
                        title would apply.
                    (B) Membership of the senate advisory group on 
                negotiations.--In each Congress, the Senate Advisory 
                Group on Negotiations shall be comprised of the 
                following Members of the Senate:
                            (i) The chairman and ranking member of the 
                        Committee on Finance and 3 additional members 
                        of such Committee (not more than 2 of whom are 
                        members of the same political party).
                            (ii) The chairman and ranking member, or 
                        their designees, of the committees of the 
                        Senate that would have, under the Rules of the 
                        Senate, jurisdiction over provisions of law 
                        affected by a trade agreement negotiation 
                        conducted at any time during that Congress and 
                        to which this title would apply.
                    (C) Accreditation.--Each member of the 
                congressional advisory groups described in 
                subparagraphs (A)(i) and (B)(i) shall be accredited by 
                the United States Trade Representative on behalf of the 
                President as an official adviser to the United States 
                delegation in negotiations for any trade agreement to 
                which this title applies. Each member of the 
                congressional advisory groups described in 
                subparagraphs (A)(ii) and (B)(ii) shall be accredited 
                by the United States Trade Representative on behalf of 
                the President as an official adviser to the United 
                States delegation in the negotiations by reason of 
                which the member is in one of the congressional 
                advisory groups.
                    (D) Consultation and advice.--The congressional 
                advisory groups shall consult with and provide advice 
                to the Trade Representative regarding the formulation 
                of specific objectives, negotiating strategies and 
                positions, the development of the applicable trade 
                agreement, and compliance and enforcement of the 
                negotiated commitments under the trade agreement.
                    (E) Chair.--The House Advisory Group on 
                Negotiations shall be chaired by the Chairman of the 
                Committee on Ways and Means of the House of 
                Representatives and the Senate Advisory Group on 
                Negotiations shall be chaired by the Chairman of the 
                Committee on Finance of the Senate.
                    (F) Coordination with other committees.--Members of 
                any committee represented on one of the congressional 
                advisory groups may submit comments to the member of 
                the appropriate congressional advisory group from that 
                committee regarding any matter related to a negotiation 
                for any trade agreement to which this title applies.
            (3) Guidelines.--
                    (A) Purpose and revision.--The United States Trade 
                Representative, in consultation with the chairmen and 
                the ranking members of the Committee on Ways and Means 
                of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Finance of the Senate, respectively--
                            (i) shall, not later than 120 days after 
                        the date of the enactment of this Act, develop 
                        written guidelines to facilitate the useful and 
                        timely exchange of information between the 
                        Trade Representative and the congressional 
                        advisory groups; and
                            (ii) may make such revisions to the 
                        guidelines as may be necessary from time to 
                        time.
                    (B) Content.--The guidelines developed under 
                subparagraph (A) shall provide for, among other 
                things--
                            (i) detailed briefings on a fixed timetable 
                        to be specified in the guidelines of the 
                        congressional advisory groups regarding 
                        negotiating objectives and positions and the 
                        status of the applicable negotiations, 
                        beginning as soon as practicable after the 
                        congressional advisory groups are convened, 
                        with more frequent briefings as trade 
                        negotiations enter the final stage;
                            (ii) access by members of the congressional 
                        advisory groups, and staff with proper security 
                        clearances, to pertinent documents relating to 
                        the negotiations, including classified 
                        materials;
                            (iii) the closest practicable coordination 
                        between the Trade Representative and the 
                        congressional advisory groups at all critical 
                        periods during the negotiations, including at 
                        negotiation sites;
                            (iv) after the applicable trade agreement 
                        is concluded, consultation regarding ongoing 
                        compliance and enforcement of negotiated 
                        commitments under the trade agreement; and
                            (v) the timeframe for submitting the report 
                        required under section 105(d)(3).
            (4) Request for meeting.--Upon the request of a majority of 
        either of the congressional advisory groups, the President 
        shall meet with that congressional advisory group before 
        initiating negotiations with respect to a trade agreement, or 
        at any other time concerning the negotiations.
    (d) Consultations With the Public.--
            (1) Guidelines for public engagement.--The United States 
        Trade Representative, in consultation with the chairmen and the 
        ranking members of the Committee on Ways and Means of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate, 
        respectively--
                    (A) shall, not later than 120 days after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, develop written 
                guidelines on public access to information regarding 
                negotiations conducted under this title; and
                    (B) may make such revisions to the guidelines as 
                may be necessary from time to time.
            (2) Purposes.--The guidelines developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    (A) facilitate transparency;
                    (B) encourage public participation; and
                    (C) promote collaboration in the negotiation 
                process.
            (3) Content.--The guidelines developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall include procedures that--
                    (A) provide for rapid disclosure of information in 
                forms that the public can readily find and use; and
                    (B) provide frequent opportunities for public input 
                through Federal Register requests for comment and other 
                means.
            (4) Dissemination.--The United States Trade Representative 
        shall disseminate the guidelines developed under paragraph (1) 
        to all Federal agencies that could have jurisdiction over laws 
        affected by trade negotiations.
    (e) Consultations With Advisory Committees.--
            (1) Guidelines for engagement with advisory committees.--
        The United States Trade Representative, in consultation with 
        the chairmen and the ranking members of the Committee on Ways 
        and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Finance of the Senate, respectively--
                    (A) shall, not later than 120 days after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, develop written 
                guidelines on enhanced coordination with advisory 
                committees established pursuant to section 135 of the 
                Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2155) regarding 
                negotiations conducted under this title; and
                    (B) may make such revisions to the guidelines as 
                may be necessary from time to time.
            (2) Content.--The guidelines developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall enhance coordination with advisory committees described 
        in that paragraph through procedures to ensure--
                    (A) timely briefings of advisory committees and 
                regular opportunities for advisory committees to 
                provide input throughout the negotiation process on 
                matters relevant to the sectors or functional areas 
                represented by those committees; and
                    (B) the sharing of detailed and timely information 
                with each member of an advisory committee regarding 
                negotiations and pertinent documents related to the 
                negotiation (including classified information) on 
                matters relevant to the sectors or functional areas the 
                member represents, and with a designee with proper 
                security clearances of each such member as appropriate.
            (3) Dissemination.--The United States Trade Representative 
        shall disseminate the guidelines developed under paragraph (1) 
        to all Federal agencies that could have jurisdiction over laws 
        affected by trade negotiations.
    (f) Establishment of Position of Chief Transparency Officer in the 
Office of the United States Trade Representative.--Section 141(b) of 
the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2171(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
    ``(3) There shall be in the Office one Chief Transparency Officer. 
The Chief Transparency Officer shall consult with Congress on 
transparency policy, coordinate transparency in trade negotiations, 
engage and assist the public, and advise the United States Trade 
Representative on transparency policy.''.

SEC. 105. NOTICE, CONSULTATIONS, AND REPORTS.

    (a) Notice, Consultations, and Reports Before Negotiation.--
            (1) Notice.--The President, with respect to any agreement 
        that is subject to the provisions of section 103(b), shall--
                    (A) provide, at least 90 calendar days before 
                initiating negotiations with a country, written notice 
                to Congress of the President's intention to enter into 
                the negotiations with that country and set forth in the 
                notice the date on which the President intends to 
                initiate those negotiations, the specific United States 
                objectives for the negotiations with that country, and 
                whether the President intends to seek an agreement, or 
                changes to an existing agreement;
                    (B) before and after submission of the notice, 
                consult regarding the negotiations with the Committee 
                on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Finance of the Senate, such other 
                committees of the House and Senate as the President 
                deems appropriate, and the House Advisory Group on 
                Negotiations and the Senate Advisory Group on 
                Negotiations convened under section 104(c);
                    (C) upon the request of a majority of the members 
                of either the House Advisory Group on Negotiations or 
                the Senate Advisory Group on Negotiations convened 
                under section 104(c), meet with the requesting 
                congressional advisory group before initiating the 
                negotiations or at any other time concerning the 
                negotiations; and
                    (D) after consulting with the Committee on Ways and 
                Means and the Committee on Finance, and at least 30 
                calendar days before initiating negotiations with a 
                country, publish on a publicly available Internet 
                website of the Office of the United States Trade 
                Representative, and regularly update thereafter, a 
                detailed and comprehensive summary of the specific 
                objectives with respect to the negotiations, and a 
                description of how the agreement, if successfully 
                concluded, will further those objectives and benefit 
                the United States.
            (2) Negotiations regarding agriculture.--
                    (A) Assessment and consultations following 
                assessment.--Before initiating or continuing 
                negotiations the subject matter of which is directly 
                related to the subject matter under section 
                102(b)(3)(B) with any country, the President shall--
                            (i) assess whether United States tariffs on 
                        agricultural products that were bound under the 
                        Uruguay Round Agreements are lower than the 
                        tariffs bound by that country;
                            (ii) consider whether the tariff levels 
                        bound and applied throughout the world with 
                        respect to imports from the United States are 
                        higher than United States tariffs and whether 
                        the negotiation provides an opportunity to 
                        address any such disparity; and
                            (iii) consult with the Committee on Ways 
                        and Means and the Committee on Agriculture of 
                        the House of Representatives and the Committee 
                        on Finance and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
                        concerning the results of the assessment, 
                        whether it is appropriate for the United States 
                        to agree to further tariff reductions based on 
                        the conclusions reached in the assessment, and 
                        how all applicable negotiating objectives will 
                        be met.
                    (B) Special consultations on import sensitive 
                products.--(i) Before initiating negotiations with 
                regard to agriculture and, with respect to agreements 
                described in paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 107(a), 
                as soon as practicable after the date of the enactment 
                of this Act, the United States Trade Representative 
                shall--
                            (I) identify those agricultural products 
                        subject to tariff rate quotas on the date of 
                        enactment of this Act, and agricultural 
                        products subject to tariff reductions by the 
                        United States as a result of the Uruguay Round 
                        Agreements, for which the rate of duty was 
                        reduced on January 1, 1995, to a rate which was 
                        not less than 97.5 percent of the rate of duty 
                        that applied to such article on December 31, 
                        1994;
                            (II) consult with the Committee on Ways and 
                        Means and the Committee on Agriculture of the 
                        House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                        Finance and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
                        concerning--
                                    (aa) whether any further tariff 
                                reductions on the products identified 
                                under subclause (I) should be 
                                appropriate, taking into account the 
                                impact of any such tariff reduction on 
                                the United States industry producing 
                                the product concerned;
                                    (bb) whether the products so 
                                identified face unjustified sanitary or 
                                phytosanitary restrictions, including 
                                those not based on scientific 
                                principles in contravention of the 
                                Uruguay Round Agreements; and
                                    (cc) whether the countries 
                                participating in the negotiations 
                                maintain export subsidies or other 
                                programs, policies, or practices that 
                                distort world trade in such products 
                                and the impact of such programs, 
                                policies, and practices on United 
                                States producers of the products;
                            (III) request that the International Trade 
                        Commission prepare an assessment of the 
                        probable economic effects of any such tariff 
                        reduction on the United States industry 
                        producing the product concerned and on the 
                        United States economy as a whole; and
                            (IV) upon complying with subclauses (I), 
                        (II), and (III), notify the Committee on Ways 
                        and Means and the Committee on Agriculture of 
                        the House of Representatives and the Committee 
                        on Finance and the Committee on Agriculture, 
                        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate of those 
                        products identified under subclause (I) for 
                        which the Trade Representative intends to seek 
                        tariff liberalization in the negotiations and 
                        the reasons for seeking such tariff 
                        liberalization.
                    (ii) If, after negotiations described in clause (i) 
                are commenced--
                            (I) the United States Trade Representative 
                        identifies any additional agricultural product 
                        described in clause (i)(I) for tariff 
                        reductions which were not the subject of a 
                        notification under clause (i)(IV), or
                            (II) any additional agricultural product 
                        described in clause (i)(I) is the subject of a 
                        request for tariff reductions by a party to the 
                        negotiations,
                the Trade Representative shall, as soon as practicable, 
                notify the committees referred to in clause (i)(IV) of 
                those products and the reasons for seeking such tariff 
                reductions.
            (3) Negotiations regarding the fishing industry.--Before 
        initiating, or continuing, negotiations that directly relate to 
        fish or shellfish trade with any country, the President shall 
        consult with the Committee on Ways and Means and the Committee 
        on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives, and the 
        Committee on Finance and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
        and Transportation of the Senate, and shall keep the Committees 
        apprised of the negotiations on an ongoing and timely basis.
            (4) Negotiations regarding textiles.--Before initiating or 
        continuing negotiations the subject matter of which is directly 
        related to textiles and apparel products with any country, the 
        President shall--
                    (A) assess whether United States tariffs on textile 
                and apparel products that were bound under the Uruguay 
                Round Agreements are lower than the tariffs bound by 
                that country and whether the negotiation provides an 
                opportunity to address any such disparity; and
                    (B) consult with the Committee on Ways and Means of 
                the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
                Finance of the Senate concerning the results of the 
                assessment, whether it is appropriate for the United 
                States to agree to further tariff reductions based on 
                the conclusions reached in the assessment, and how all 
                applicable negotiating objectives will be met.
            (5) Adherence to existing international trade and 
        investment agreement obligations.--In determining whether to 
        enter into negotiations with a particular country, the 
        President shall take into account the extent to which that 
        country has implemented, or has accelerated the implementation 
        of, its international trade and investment commitments to the 
        United States, including pursuant to the WTO Agreement.
    (b) Consultation With Congress Before Entry Into Agreement.--
            (1) Consultation.--Before entering into any trade agreement 
        under section 103(b), the President shall consult with--
                    (A) the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the 
                Senate;
                    (B) each other committee of the House and the 
                Senate, and each joint committee of Congress, which has 
                jurisdiction over legislation involving subject matters 
                which would be affected by the trade agreement; and
                    (C) the House Advisory Group on Negotiations and 
                the Senate Advisory Group on Negotiations convened 
                under section 104(c).
            (2) Scope.--The consultation described in paragraph (1) 
        shall include consultation with respect to--
                    (A) the nature of the agreement;
                    (B) how and to what extent the agreement will 
                achieve the applicable purposes, policies, priorities, 
                and objectives of this title; and
                    (C) the implementation of the agreement under 
                section 106, including the general effect of the 
                agreement on existing laws.
            (3) Report regarding united states trade remedy laws.--
                    (A) Changes in certain trade laws.--The President, 
                not less than 180 calendar days before the day on which 
                the President enters into a trade agreement under 
                section 103(b), shall report to the Committee on Ways 
                and Means of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Finance of the Senate--
                            (i) the range of proposals advanced in the 
                        negotiations with respect to that agreement, 
                        that may be in the final agreement, and that 
                        could require amendments to title VII of the 
                        Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1671 et seq.) or 
                        to chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 
                        1974 (19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.); and
                            (ii) how these proposals relate to the 
                        objectives described in section 102(b)(16).
                    (B) Resolutions.--(i) At any time after the 
                transmission of the report under subparagraph (A), if a 
                resolution is introduced with respect to that report in 
                either House of Congress, the procedures set forth in 
                clauses (iii) through (vii) shall apply to that 
                resolution if--
                            (I) no other resolution with respect to 
                        that report has previously been reported in 
                        that House of Congress by the Committee on Ways 
                        and Means or the Committee on Finance, as the 
                        case may be, pursuant to those procedures; and
                            (II) no procedural disapproval resolution 
                        under section 106(b) introduced with respect to 
                        a trade agreement entered into pursuant to the 
                        negotiations to which the report under 
                        subparagraph (A) relates has previously been 
                        reported in that House of Congress by the 
                        Committee on Ways and Means or the Committee on 
                        Finance, as the case may be.
                    (ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term 
                ``resolution'' means only a resolution of either House 
                of Congress, the matter after the resolving clause of 
                which is as follows: ``That the ____ finds that the 
                proposed changes to United States trade remedy laws 
                contained in the report of the President transmitted to 
                Congress on ____ under section 105(b)(3) of the 
                Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and 
                Accountability Act of 2015 with respect to ____, are 
                inconsistent with the negotiating objectives described 
                in section 102(b)(16) of that Act.'', with the first 
                blank space being filled with the name of the resolving 
                House of Congress, the second blank space being filled 
                with the appropriate date of the report, and the third 
                blank space being filled with the name of the country 
                or countries involved.
                    (iii) Resolutions in the House of Representatives--
                            (I) may be introduced by any Member of the 
                        House;
                            (II) shall be referred to the Committee on 
                        Ways and Means and, in addition, to the 
                        Committee on Rules; and
                            (III) may not be amended by either 
                        Committee.
                    (iv) Resolutions in the Senate--
                            (I) may be introduced by any Member of the 
                        Senate;
                            (II) shall be referred to the Committee on 
                        Finance; and
                            (III) may not be amended.
                    (v) It is not in order for the House of 
                Representatives to consider any resolution that is not 
                reported by the Committee on Ways and Means and, in 
                addition, by the Committee on Rules.
                    (vi) It is not in order for the Senate to consider 
                any resolution that is not reported by the Committee on 
                Finance.
                    (vii) The provisions of subsections (d) and (e) of 
                section 152 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2192) 
                (relating to floor consideration of certain resolutions 
                in the House and Senate) shall apply to resolutions.
            (4) Advisory committee reports.--The report required under 
        section 135(e)(1) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
        2155(e)(1)) regarding any trade agreement entered into under 
        subsection (a) or (b) of section 103 shall be provided to the 
        President, Congress, and the United States Trade Representative 
        not later than 30 days after the date on which the President 
        notifies Congress under section 103(a)(2) or 106(a)(1)(A) of 
        the intention of the President to enter into the agreement.
    (c) International Trade Commission Assessment.--
            (1) Submission of information to commission.--The 
        President, not later than 90 calendar days before the day on 
        which the President enters into a trade agreement under section 
        103(b), shall provide the International Trade Commission 
        (referred to in this subsection as the ``Commission'') with the 
        details of the agreement as it exists at that time and request 
        the Commission to prepare and submit an assessment of the 
        agreement as described in paragraph (2). Between the time the 
        President makes the request under this paragraph and the time 
        the Commission submits the assessment, the President shall keep 
        the Commission current with respect to the details of the 
        agreement.
            (2) Assessment.--Not later than 105 calendar days after the 
        President enters into a trade agreement under section 103(b), 
        the Commission shall submit to the President and Congress a 
        report assessing the likely impact of the agreement on the 
        United States economy as a whole and on specific industry 
        sectors, including the impact the agreement will have on the 
        gross domestic product, exports and imports, aggregate 
        employment and employment opportunities, the production, 
        employment, and competitive position of industries likely to be 
        significantly affected by the agreement, and the interests of 
        United States consumers.
            (3) Review of empirical literature.--In preparing the 
        assessment under paragraph (2), the Commission shall review 
        available economic assessments regarding the agreement, 
        including literature regarding any substantially equivalent 
        proposed agreement, and shall provide in its assessment a 
        description of the analyses used and conclusions drawn in such 
        literature, and a discussion of areas of consensus and 
        divergence between the various analyses and conclusions, 
        including those of the Commission regarding the agreement.
            (4) Public availability.--The President shall make each 
        assessment under paragraph (2) available to the public.
    (d) Reports Submitted to Committees With Agreement.--
            (1) Environmental reviews and reports.--The President 
        shall--
                    (A) conduct environmental reviews of future trade 
                and investment agreements, consistent with Executive 
                Order No. 13141 (64 Fed. Reg. 63169), dated November 
                16, 1999, and its relevant guidelines; and
                    (B) submit a report on those reviews and on the 
                content and operation of consultative mechanisms 
                established pursuant to section 102(c) to the Committee 
                on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and 
                the Committee on Finance of the Senate at the time the 
                President submits to Congress a copy of the final legal 
                text of an agreement pursuant to section 106(a)(1)(E).
            (2) Employment impact reviews and reports.--The President 
        shall--
                    (A) review the impact of future trade agreements on 
                United States employment, including labor markets, 
                modeled after Executive Order No. 13141 (64 Fed. Reg. 
                63169) to the extent appropriate in establishing 
                procedures and criteria; and
                    (B) submit a report on such reviews to the 
                Committee on Ways and Means of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the 
                Senate at the time the President submits to Congress a 
                copy of the final legal text of an agreement pursuant 
                to section 106(a)(1)(E).
            (3) Report on labor rights.--The President shall submit to 
        the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Finance of the Senate, on a timeframe 
        determined in accordance with section 104(c)(3)(B)(v)--
                    (A) a meaningful labor rights report of the 
                country, or countries, with respect to which the 
                President is negotiating; and
                    (B) a description of any provisions that would 
                require changes to the labor laws and labor practices 
                of the United States.
            (4) Public availability.--The President shall make all 
        reports required under this subsection available to the public.
    (e) Implementation and Enforcement Plan.--
            (1) In general.--At the time the President submits to 
        Congress a copy of the final legal text of an agreement 
        pursuant to section 106(a)(1)(E), the President shall also 
        submit to Congress a plan for implementing and enforcing the 
        agreement.
            (2) Elements.--The implementation and enforcement plan 
        required by paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Border personnel requirements.--A description 
                of additional personnel required at border entry 
                points, including a list of additional customs and 
                agricultural inspectors.
                    (B) Agency staffing requirements.--A description of 
                additional personnel required by Federal agencies 
                responsible for monitoring and implementing the trade 
                agreement, including personnel required by the Office 
                of the United States Trade Representative, the 
                Department of Commerce, the Department of Agriculture 
                (including additional personnel required to implement 
                sanitary and phytosanitary measures in order to obtain 
                market access for United States exports), the 
                Department of Homeland Security, the Department of the 
                Treasury, and such other agencies as may be necessary.
                    (C) Customs infrastructure requirements.--A 
                description of the additional equipment and facilities 
                needed by U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
                    (D) Impact on state and local governments.--A 
                description of the impact the trade agreement will have 
                on State and local governments as a result of increases 
                in trade.
                    (E) Cost analysis.--An analysis of the costs 
                associated with each of the items listed in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D).
            (3) Budget submission.--The President shall include a 
        request for the resources necessary to support the plan 
        required by paragraph (1) in the first budget of the President 
        submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
        States Code, after the date of the submission of the plan.
            (4) Public availability.--The President shall make the plan 
        required under this subsection available to the public.
    (f) Other Reports.--
            (1) Report on penalties.--Not later than one year after the 
        imposition by the United States of a penalty or remedy 
        permitted by a trade agreement to which this title applies, the 
        President shall submit to the Committee on Ways and Means of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of 
        the Senate a report on the effectiveness of the penalty or 
        remedy applied under United States law in enforcing United 
        States rights under the trade agreement, which shall address 
        whether the penalty or remedy was effective in changing the 
        behavior of the targeted party and whether the penalty or 
        remedy had any adverse impact on parties or interests not party 
        to the dispute.
            (2) Report on impact of trade promotion authority.--Not 
        later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, and not later than 5 years thereafter, the United States 
        International Trade Commission shall submit to the Committee on 
        Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Finance of the Senate a report on the economic 
        impact on the United States of all trade agreements with 
        respect to which Congress has enacted an implementing bill 
        under trade authorities procedures since January 1, 1984.
            (3) Enforcement consultations and reports.--(A) The United 
        States Trade Representative shall consult with the Committee on 
        Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Finance of the Senate after acceptance of a 
        petition for review or taking an enforcement action in regard 
        to an obligation under a trade agreement, including a labor or 
        environmental obligation. During such consultations, the United 
        States Trade Representative shall describe the matter, 
        including the basis for such action and the application of any 
        relevant legal obligations.
            (B) As part of the report required pursuant to section 163 
        of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2213), the President shall 
        report annually to Congress on enforcement actions taken 
        pursuant to a trade agreement to which the United States is a 
        party, as well as on any public reports issued by Federal 
        agencies on enforcement matters relating to a trade agreement.
    (g) Additional Coordination With Members.--Any Member of the House 
of Representatives may submit to the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
House of Representatives and any Member of the Senate may submit to the 
Committee on Finance of the Senate the views of that Member on any 
matter relevant to a proposed trade agreement, and the relevant 
Committee shall receive those views for consideration.

SEC. 106. IMPLEMENTATION OF TRADE AGREEMENTS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Notification and submission.--Any agreement entered 
        into under section 103(b) shall enter into force with respect 
        to the United States if (and only if)--
                    (A) the President, at least 90 calendar days before 
                the day on which the President enters into the trade 
                agreement, notifies the House of Representatives and 
                the Senate of the President's intention to enter into 
                the agreement, and promptly thereafter publishes notice 
                of such intention in the Federal Register;
                    (B) the President, at least 60 days before the day 
                on which the President enters into the agreement, 
                publishes the text of the agreement on a publicly 
                available Internet website of the Office of the United 
                States Trade Representative;
                    (C) within 60 days after entering into the 
                agreement, the President submits to Congress a 
                description of those changes to existing laws that the 
                President considers would be required in order to bring 
                the United States into compliance with the agreement;
                    (D) the President, at least 30 days before 
                submitting to Congress the materials under subparagraph 
                (E), submits to Congress--
                            (i) a draft statement of any administrative 
                        action proposed to implement the agreement; and
                            (ii) a copy of the final legal text of the 
                        agreement;
                    (E) after entering into the agreement, the 
                President submits to Congress, on a day on which both 
                Houses of Congress are in session, a copy of the final 
                legal text of the agreement, together with--
                            (i) a draft of an implementing bill 
                        described in section 103(b)(3);
                            (ii) a statement of any administrative 
                        action proposed to implement the trade 
                        agreement; and
                            (iii) the supporting information described 
                        in paragraph (2)(A);
                    (F) the implementing bill is enacted into law; and
                    (G) the President, not later than 30 days before 
                the date on which the agreement enters into force with 
                respect to a party to the agreement, submits written 
                notice to Congress that the President has determined 
                that the party has taken measures necessary to comply 
                with those provisions of the agreement that are to take 
                effect on the date on which the agreement enters into 
                force.
            (2) Supporting information.--
                    (A) In general.--The supporting information 
                required under paragraph (1)(E)(iii) consists of--
                            (i) an explanation as to how the 
                        implementing bill and proposed administrative 
                        action will change or affect existing law; and
                            (ii) a statement--
                                    (I) asserting that the agreement 
                                makes progress in achieving the 
                                applicable purposes, policies, 
                                priorities, and objectives of this 
                                title; and
                                    (II) setting forth the reasons of 
                                the President regarding--
                                            (aa) how and to what extent 
                                        the agreement makes progress in 
                                        achieving the applicable 
                                        purposes, policies, and 
                                        objectives referred to in 
                                        subclause (I);
                                            (bb) whether and how the 
                                        agreement changes provisions of 
                                        an agreement previously 
                                        negotiated;
                                            (cc) how the agreement 
                                        serves the interests of United 
                                        States commerce; and
                                            (dd) how the implementing 
                                        bill meets the standards set 
                                        forth in section 103(b)(3).
                    (B) Public availability.--The President shall make 
                the supporting information described in subparagraph 
                (A) available to the public.
            (3) Reciprocal benefits.--In order to ensure that a foreign 
        country that is not a party to a trade agreement entered into 
        under section 103(b) does not receive benefits under the 
        agreement unless the country is also subject to the obligations 
        under the agreement, the implementing bill submitted with 
        respect to the agreement shall provide that the benefits and 
        obligations under the agreement apply only to the parties to 
        the agreement, if such application is consistent with the terms 
        of the agreement. The implementing bill may also provide that 
        the benefits and obligations under the agreement do not apply 
        uniformly to all parties to the agreement, if such application 
        is consistent with the terms of the agreement.
            (4) Disclosure of commitments.--Any agreement or other 
        understanding with a foreign government or governments (whether 
        oral or in writing) that--
                    (A) relates to a trade agreement with respect to 
                which Congress enacts an implementing bill under trade 
                authorities procedures; and
                    (B) is not disclosed to Congress before an 
                implementing bill with respect to that agreement is 
                introduced in either House of Congress,
        shall not be considered to be part of the agreement approved by 
        Congress and shall have no force and effect under United States 
        law or in any dispute settlement body.
    (b) Limitations on Trade Authorities Procedures.--
            (1) For lack of notice or consultations.--
                    (A) In general.--The trade authorities procedures 
                shall not apply to any implementing bill submitted with 
                respect to a trade agreement or trade agreements 
                entered into under section 103(b) if during the 60-day 
                period beginning on the date that one House of Congress 
                agrees to a procedural disapproval resolution for lack 
                of notice or consultations with respect to such trade 
                agreement or agreements, the other House separately 
                agrees to a procedural disapproval resolution with 
                respect to such trade agreement or agreements.
                    (B) Procedural disapproval resolution.--(i) For 
                purposes of this paragraph, the term ``procedural 
                disapproval resolution'' means a resolution of either 
                House of Congress, the sole matter after the resolving 
                clause of which is as follows: ``That the President has 
                failed or refused to notify or consult in accordance 
                with the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and 
                Accountability Act of 2015 on negotiations with respect 
                to ________ and, therefore, the trade authorities 
                procedures under that Act shall not apply to any 
                implementing bill submitted with respect to such trade 
                agreement or agreements.'', with the blank space being 
                filled with a description of the trade agreement or 
                agreements with respect to which the President is 
                considered to have failed or refused to notify or 
                consult.
                    (ii) For purposes of clause (i) and paragraphs 
                (3)(C) and (4)(C), the President has ``failed or 
                refused to notify or consult in accordance with the 
                Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and 
                Accountability Act of 2015'' on negotiations with 
                respect to a trade agreement or trade agreements if--
                            (I) the President has failed or refused to 
                        consult (as the case may be) in accordance with 
                        sections 104 and 105 and this section with 
                        respect to the negotiations, agreement, or 
                        agreements;
                            (II) guidelines under section 104 have not 
                        been developed or met with respect to the 
                        negotiations, agreement, or agreements;
                            (III) the President has not met with the 
                        House Advisory Group on Negotiations or the 
                        Senate Advisory Group on Negotiations pursuant 
                        to a request made under section 104(c)(4) with 
                        respect to the negotiations, agreement, or 
                        agreements; or
                            (IV) the agreement or agreements fail to 
                        make progress in achieving the purposes, 
                        policies, priorities, and objectives of this 
                        title.
            (2) Procedures for considering resolutions.--(A) Procedural 
        disapproval resolutions--
                    (i) in the House of Representatives--
                            (I) may be introduced by any Member of the 
                        House;
                            (II) shall be referred to the Committee on 
                        Ways and Means and, in addition, to the 
                        Committee on Rules; and
                            (III) may not be amended by either 
                        Committee; and
                    (ii) in the Senate--
                            (I) may be introduced by any Member of the 
                        Senate;
                            (II) shall be referred to the Committee on 
                        Finance; and
                            (III) may not be amended.
            (B) The provisions of subsections (d) and (e) of section 
        152 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2192) (relating to the 
        floor consideration of certain resolutions in the House and 
        Senate) apply to a procedural disapproval resolution introduced 
        with respect to a trade agreement if no other procedural 
        disapproval resolution with respect to that trade agreement has 
        previously been reported in that House of Congress by the 
        Committee on Ways and Means or the Committee on Finance, as the 
        case may be, and if no resolution described in clause (ii) of 
        section 105(b)(3)(B) with respect to that trade agreement has 
        been reported in that House of Congress by the Committee on 
        Ways and Means or the Committee on Finance, as the case may be, 
        pursuant to the procedures set forth in clauses (iii) through 
        (vii) of such section.
            (C) It is not in order for the House of Representatives to 
        consider any procedural disapproval resolution not reported by 
        the Committee on Ways and Means and, in addition, by the 
        Committee on Rules.
            (D) It is not in order for the Senate to consider any 
        procedural disapproval resolution not reported by the Committee 
        on Finance.
            (3) Consideration in senate of consultation and compliance 
        resolution to remove trade authorities procedures.--
                    (A) Reporting of resolution.--If, when the 
                Committee on Finance of the Senate meets on whether to 
                report an implementing bill with respect to a trade 
                agreement or agreements entered into under section 
                103(b), the committee fails to favorably report the 
                bill, the committee shall report a resolution described 
                in subparagraph (C).
                    (B) Applicability of trade authorities 
                procedures.--The trade authorities procedures shall not 
                apply in the Senate to any implementing bill submitted 
                with respect to a trade agreement or agreements 
                described in subparagraph (A) if the Committee on 
                Finance reports a resolution described in subparagraph 
                (C) and such resolution is agreed to by the Senate.
                    (C) Resolution described.--A resolution described 
                in this subparagraph is a resolution of the Senate 
                originating from the Committee on Finance the sole 
                matter after the resolving clause of which is as 
                follows: ``That the President has failed or refused to 
                notify or consult in accordance with the Bipartisan 
                Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act 
                of 2015 on negotiations with respect to _____ and, 
                therefore, the trade authorities procedures under that 
                Act shall not apply in the Senate to any implementing 
                bill submitted with respect to such trade agreement or 
                agreements.'', with the blank space being filled with a 
                description of the trade agreement or agreements 
                described in subparagraph (A).
                    (D) Procedures.--If the Senate does not agree to a 
                motion to invoke cloture on the motion to proceed to a 
                resolution described in subparagraph (C), the 
                resolution shall be committed to the Committee on 
                Finance.
            (4) Consideration in the house of representatives of a 
        consultation and compliance resolution.--
                    (A) Qualifications for reporting resolution.--If--
                            (i) the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
                        House of Representatives reports an 
                        implementing bill with respect to a trade 
                        agreement or agreements entered into under 
                        section 103(b) with other than a favorable 
                        recommendation; and
                            (ii) a Member of the House of 
                        Representatives has introduced a consultation 
                        and compliance resolution on the legislative 
                        day following the filing of a report to 
                        accompany the implementing bill with other than 
                        a favorable recommendation,
                then the Committee on Ways and Means shall consider a 
                consultation and compliance resolution pursuant to 
                subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Committee consideration of a qualifying 
                resolution.--(i) Not later than the fourth legislative 
                day after the date of introduction of the resolution, 
                the Committee on Ways and Means shall meet to consider 
                a resolution meeting the qualifications set forth in 
                subparagraph (A).
                    (ii) After consideration of one such resolution by 
                the Committee on Ways and Means, this subparagraph 
                shall not apply to any other such resolution.
                    (iii) If the Committee on Ways and Means has not 
                reported the resolution by the sixth legislative day 
                after the date of its introduction, that committee 
                shall be discharged from further consideration of the 
                resolution.
                    (C) Consultation and compliance resolution 
                described.--A consultation and compliance resolution--
                            (i) is a resolution of the House of 
                        Representatives, the sole matter after the 
                        resolving clause of which is as follows: ``That 
                        the President has failed or refused to notify 
                        or consult in accordance with the Bipartisan 
                        Congressional Trade Priorities and 
                        Accountability Act of 2015 on negotiations with 
                        respect to _____ and, therefore, the trade 
                        authorities procedures under that Act shall not 
                        apply in the House of Representatives to any 
                        implementing bill submitted with respect to 
                        such trade agreement or agreements.'', with the 
                        blank space being filled with a description of 
                        the trade agreement or agreements described in 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) shall be referred to the Committee on 
                        Ways and Means.
                    (D) Applicability of trade authorities 
                procedures.--The trade authorities procedures shall not 
                apply in the House of Representatives to any 
                implementing bill submitted with respect to a trade 
                agreement or agreements which are the object of a 
                consultation and compliance resolution if such 
                resolution is adopted by the House.
            (5) For failure to meet other requirements.--Not later than 
        December 15, 2015, the Secretary of Commerce, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the 
        Attorney General, and the United States Trade Representative, 
        shall transmit to Congress a report setting forth the strategy 
        of the executive branch to address concerns of Congress 
        regarding whether dispute settlement panels and the Appellate 
        Body of the World Trade Organization have added to obligations, 
        or diminished rights, of the United States, as described in 
        section 102(b)(15)(C). Trade authorities procedures shall not 
        apply to any implementing bill with respect to an agreement 
        negotiated under the auspices of the World Trade Organization 
        unless the Secretary of Commerce has issued such report by the 
        deadline specified in this paragraph.
            (6) Limitations on procedures with respect to agreements 
        with countries not in compliance with trafficking victims 
        protection act of 2000.--
                    (A) In general.--The trade authorities procedures 
                shall not apply to any implementing bill submitted with 
                respect to a trade agreement or trade agreements 
                entered into under section 103(b) with a country to 
                which the minimum standards for the elimination of 
                trafficking are applicable and the government of which 
                does not fully comply with such standards and is not 
                making significant efforts to bring the country into 
                compliance (commonly referred to as a ``tier 3'' 
                country), as determined in the most recent annual 
                report on trafficking in persons submitted under 
                section 110(b)(1) of the Trafficking Victims Protection 
                Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7107(b)(1)).
                    (B) Minimum standards for the elimination of 
                trafficking defined.--In this paragraph, the term 
                ``minimum standards for the elimination of 
                trafficking'' means the standards set forth in section 
                108 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 
                (22 U.S.C. 7106).
    (c) Rules of House of Representatives and Senate.--Subsection (b) 
of this section, section 103(c), and section 105(b)(3) are enacted by 
Congress--
            (1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate, respectively, and as such are 
        deemed a part of the rules of each House, respectively, and 
        such procedures supersede other rules only to the extent that 
        they are inconsistent with such other rules; and
            (2) with the full recognition of the constitutional right 
        of either House to change the rules (so far as relating to the 
        procedures of that House) at any time, in the same manner, and 
        to the same extent as any other rule of that House.

SEC. 107. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN TRADE AGREEMENTS FOR WHICH NEGOTIATIONS 
              HAVE ALREADY BEGUN.

    (a) Certain Agreements.--Notwithstanding the prenegotiation 
notification and consultation requirement described in section 105(a), 
if an agreement to which section 103(b) applies--
            (1) is entered into under the auspices of the World Trade 
        Organization,
            (2) is entered into with the Trans-Pacific Partnership 
        countries with respect to which notifications have been made in 
        a manner consistent with section 105(a)(1)(A) as of the date of 
        the enactment of this Act,
            (3) is entered into with the European Union,
            (4) is an agreement with respect to international trade in 
        services entered into with WTO members with respect to which a 
        notification has been made in a manner consistent with section 
        105(a)(1)(A) as of the date of the enactment of this Act, or
            (5) is an agreement with respect to environmental goods 
        entered into with WTO members with respect to which a 
        notification has been made in a manner consistent with section 
        105(a)(1)(A) as of the date of the enactment of this Act,
and results from negotiations that were commenced before the date of 
the enactment of this Act, subsection (b) shall apply.
    (b) Treatment of Agreements.--In the case of any agreement to which 
subsection (a) applies, the applicability of the trade authorities 
procedures to implementing bills shall be determined without regard to 
the requirements of section 105(a) (relating only to notice prior to 
initiating negotiations), and any resolution under paragraph (1)(B), 
(3)(C), or (4)(C) of section 106(b) shall not be in order on the basis 
of a failure or refusal to comply with the provisions of section 
105(a), if (and only if) the President, as soon as feasible after the 
date of the enactment of this Act--
            (1) notifies Congress of the negotiations described in 
        subsection (a), the specific United States objectives in the 
        negotiations, and whether the President is seeking a new 
        agreement or changes to an existing agreement; and
            (2) before and after submission of the notice, consults 
        regarding the negotiations with the committees referred to in 
        section 105(a)(1)(B) and the House and Senate Advisory Groups 
        on Negotiations convened under section 104(c).

SEC. 108. SOVEREIGNTY.

    (a) United States Law To Prevail in Event of Conflict.--No 
provision of any trade agreement entered into under section 103(b), nor 
the application of any such provision to any person or circumstance, 
that is inconsistent with any law of the United States, any State of 
the United States, or any locality of the United States shall have 
effect.
    (b) Amendments or Modifications of United States Law.--No provision 
of any trade agreement entered into under section 103(b) shall prevent 
the United States, any State of the United States, or any locality of 
the United States from amending or modifying any law of the United 
States, that State, or that locality (as the case may be).
    (c) Dispute Settlement Reports.--Reports, including findings and 
recommendations, issued by dispute settlement panels convened pursuant 
to any trade agreement entered into under section 103(b) shall have no 
binding effect on the law of the United States, the Government of the 
United States, or the law or government of any State or locality of the 
United States.

SEC. 109. INTERESTS OF SMALL BUSINESSES.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States Trade Representative should 
        facilitate participation by small businesses in the trade 
        negotiation process; and
            (2) the functions of the Office of the United States Trade 
        Representative relating to small businesses should continue to 
        be reflected in the title of the Assistant United States Trade 
        Representative assigned the responsibility for small 
        businesses.
    (b) Consideration of Small Business Interests.--The Assistant 
United States Trade Representative for Small Business, Market Access, 
and Industrial Competitiveness shall be responsible for ensuring that 
the interests of small businesses are considered in all trade 
negotiations in accordance with the objective described in section 
102(a)(8).

SEC. 110. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS; APPLICATION OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS.

    (a) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Advice from united states international trade 
        commission.--Section 131 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 
        2151) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 
                        2103(a) or (b) of the Bipartisan Trade 
                        Promotion Authority Act of 2002'' and inserting 
                        ``subsection (a) or (b) of section 103 of the 
                        Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and 
                        Accountability Act of 2015''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``section 2103(b) of the Bipartisan Trade 
                        Promotion Authority Act of 2002'' and inserting 
                        ``section 103(b) of the Bipartisan 
                        Congressional Trade Priorities and 
                        Accountability Act of 2015'';
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``section 
                2103(a)(3)(A) of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion 
                Authority Act of 2002'' and inserting ``section 
                103(a)(4)(A) of the Bipartisan Congressional Trade 
                Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015''; and
                    (C) in subsection (c), by striking ``section 2103 
                of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 
                2002'' and inserting ``section 103(a) of the Bipartisan 
                Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act 
                of 2015''.
            (2) Hearings.--Section 132 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 
        U.S.C. 2152) is amended by striking ``section 2103 of the 
        Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2002'' and 
        inserting ``section 103 of the Bipartisan Congressional Trade 
        Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015''.
            (3) Public hearings.--Section 133(a) of the Trade Act of 
        1974 (19 U.S.C. 2153(a)) is amended by striking ``section 2103 
        of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2002'' and 
        inserting ``section 103 of the Bipartisan Congressional Trade 
        Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015''.
            (4) Prerequisites for offers.--Section 134 of the Trade Act 
        of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2154) is amended by striking ``section 2103 
        of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2002'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``section 103 of the Bipartisan 
        Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 
        2015''.
            (5) Information and advice from private and public 
        sectors.--Section 135 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2155) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1)(A), by striking ``section 
                2103 of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 
                2002'' and inserting ``section 103 of the Bipartisan 
                Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act 
                of 2015''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by striking ``section 2103 of 
                                the Bipartisan Trade Promotion 
                                Authority Act of 2002'' each place it 
                                appears and inserting ``section 103 of 
                                the Bipartisan Congressional Trade 
                                Priorities and Accountability Act of 
                                2015''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``not later than 
                                the date on which the President 
                                notifies the Congress under section 
                                2105(a)(1)(A) of the Bipartisan Trade 
                                Promotion Authority Act of 2002'' and 
                                inserting ``not later than the date 
                                that is 30 days after the date on which 
                                the President notifies Congress under 
                                section 106(a)(1)(A) of the Bipartisan 
                                Congressional Trade Priorities and 
                                Accountability Act of 2015''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``section 2102 of the Bipartisan Trade 
                        Promotion Authority Act of 2002'' and inserting 
                        ``section 102 of the Bipartisan Congressional 
                        Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 
                        2015''.
            (6) Procedures relating to implementing bills.--Section 151 
        of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2191) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 2105(a)(1) of 
                the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2002'' 
                and inserting ``section 106(a)(1) of the Bipartisan 
                Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act 
                of 2015''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``section 
                2105(a)(1) of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority 
                Act of 2002'' and inserting ``section 106(a)(1) of the 
                Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and 
                Accountability Act of 2015''.
            (7) Transmission of agreements to congress.--Section 162(a) 
        of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2212(a)) is amended by 
        striking ``section 2103 of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion 
        Authority Act of 2002'' and inserting ``section 103 of the 
        Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability 
        Act of 2015''.
    (b) Application of Certain Provisions.--For purposes of applying 
sections 125, 126, and 127 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2135, 
2136, and 2137)--
            (1) any trade agreement entered into under section 103 
        shall be treated as an agreement entered into under section 101 
        or 102 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2111 or 2112), as 
        appropriate; and
            (2) any proclamation or Executive order issued pursuant to 
        a trade agreement entered into under section 103 shall be 
        treated as a proclamation or Executive order issued pursuant to 
        a trade agreement entered into under section 102 of the Trade 
        Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2112).

SEC. 111. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Agreement on agriculture.--The term ``Agreement on 
        Agriculture'' means the agreement referred to in section 
        101(d)(2) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 
        3511(d)(2)).
            (2) Agreement on safeguards.--The term ``Agreement on 
        Safeguards'' means the agreement referred to in section 
        101(d)(13) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 
        3511(d)(13)).
            (3) Agreement on subsidies and countervailing measures.--
        The term ``Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures'' 
        means the agreement referred to in section 101(d)(12) of the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3511(d)(12)).
            (4) Antidumping agreement.--The term ``Antidumping 
        Agreement'' means the Agreement on Implementation of Article VI 
        of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 referred to 
        in section 101(d)(7) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 
        U.S.C. 3511(d)(7)).
            (5) Appellate body.--The term ``Appellate Body'' means the 
        Appellate Body established under Article 17.1 of the Dispute 
        Settlement Understanding.
            (6) Common multilateral environmental agreement.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``common multilateral 
                environmental agreement'' means any agreement specified 
                in subparagraph (B) or included under subparagraph (C) 
                to which both the United States and one or more other 
                parties to the negotiations are full parties, including 
                any current or future mutually agreed upon protocols, 
                amendments, annexes, or adjustments to such an 
                agreement.
                    (B) Agreements specified.--The agreements specified 
                in this subparagraph are the following:
                            (i) The Convention on International Trade 
                        in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, 
                        done at Washington March 3, 1973 (27 UST 1087; 
                        TIAS 8249).
                            (ii) The Montreal Protocol on Substances 
                        that Deplete the Ozone Layer, done at Montreal 
                        September 16, 1987.
                            (iii) The Protocol of 1978 Relating to the 
                        International Convention for the Prevention of 
                        Pollution from Ships, 1973, done at London 
                        February 17, 1978.
                            (iv) The Convention on Wetlands of 
                        International Importance Especially as 
                        Waterfowl Habitat, done at Ramsar February 2, 
                        1971 (TIAS 11084).
                            (v) The Convention on the Conservation of 
                        Antarctic Marine Living Resources, done at 
                        Canberra May 20, 1980 (33 UST 3476).
                            (vi) The International Convention for the 
                        Regulation of Whaling, done at Washington 
                        December 2, 1946 (62 Stat. 1716).
                            (vii) The Convention for the Establishment 
                        of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, 
                        done at Washington May 31, 1949 (1 UST 230).
                    (C) Additional agreements.--Both the United States 
                and one or more other parties to the negotiations may 
                agree to include any other multilateral environmental 
                or conservation agreement to which they are full 
                parties as a common multilateral environmental 
                agreement under this paragraph.
            (7) Core labor standards.--The term ``core labor 
        standards'' means--
                    (A) freedom of association;
                    (B) the effective recognition of the right to 
                collective bargaining;
                    (C) the elimination of all forms of forced or 
                compulsory labor;
                    (D) the effective abolition of child labor and a 
                prohibition on the worst forms of child labor; and
                    (E) the elimination of discrimination in respect of 
                employment and occupation.
            (8) Dispute settlement understanding.--The term ``Dispute 
        Settlement Understanding'' means the Understanding on Rules and 
        Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes referred to in 
        section 101(d)(16) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 
        U.S.C. 3511(d)(16)).
            (9) Enabling clause.--The term ``Enabling Clause'' means 
        the Decision on Differential and More Favourable Treatment, 
        Reciprocity and Fuller Participation of Developing Countries 
        (L/4903), adopted November 28, 1979, under GATT 1947 (as 
        defined in section 2 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 
        U.S.C. 3501)).
            (10) Environmental laws.--The term ``environmental laws'', 
        with respect to the laws of the United States, means 
        environmental statutes and regulations enforceable by action of 
        the Federal Government.
            (11) GATT 1994.--The term ``GATT 1994'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2 of the Uruguay Round Agreements 
        Act (19 U.S.C. 3501).
            (12) General agreement on trade in services.--The term 
        ``General Agreement on Trade in Services'' means the General 
        Agreement on Trade in Services (referred to in section 
        101(d)(14) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 
        3511(d)(14))).
            (13) Government procurement agreement.--The term 
        ``Government Procurement Agreement'' means the Agreement on 
        Government Procurement referred to in section 101(d)(17) of the 
        Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3511(d)(17)).
            (14) ILO.--The term ``ILO'' means the International Labor 
        Organization.
            (15) Import sensitive agricultural product.--The term 
        ``import sensitive agricultural product'' means an agricultural 
        product--
                    (A) with respect to which, as a result of the 
                Uruguay Round Agreements, the rate of duty was the 
                subject of tariff reductions by the United States and, 
                pursuant to such Agreements, was reduced on January 1, 
                1995, to a rate that was not less than 97.5 percent of 
                the rate of duty that applied to such article on 
                December 31, 1994; or
                    (B) which was subject to a tariff rate quota on the 
                date of the enactment of this Act.
            (16) Information technology agreement.--The term 
        ``Information Technology Agreement'' means the Ministerial 
        Declaration on Trade in Information Technology Products of the 
        World Trade Organization, agreed to at Singapore December 13, 
        1996.
            (17) Internationally recognized core labor standards.--The 
        term ``internationally recognized core labor standards'' means 
        the core labor standards only as stated in the ILO Declaration 
        on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-Up 
        (1998).
            (18) Labor laws.--The term ``labor laws'' means the 
        statutes and regulations, or provisions thereof, of a party to 
        the negotiations that are directly related to core labor 
        standards as well as other labor protections for children and 
        minors and acceptable conditions of work with respect to 
        minimum wages, hours of work, and occupational safety and 
        health, and for the United States, includes Federal statutes 
        and regulations addressing those standards, protections, or 
        conditions, but does not include State or local labor laws.
            (19) United states person.--The term ``United States 
        person'' means--
                    (A) a United States citizen;
                    (B) a partnership, corporation, or other legal 
                entity that is organized under the laws of the United 
                States; and
                    (C) a partnership, corporation, or other legal 
                entity that is organized under the laws of a foreign 
                country and is controlled by entities described in 
                subparagraph (B) or United States citizens, or both.
            (20) Uruguay round agreements.--The term ``Uruguay Round 
        Agreements'' has the meaning given that term in section 2(7) of 
        the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3501(7)).
            (21) World trade organization; wto.--The terms ``World 
        Trade Organization'' and ``WTO'' mean the organization 
        established pursuant to the WTO Agreement.
            (22) WTO agreement.--The term ``WTO Agreement'' means the 
        Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization entered 
        into on April 15, 1994.
            (23) WTO member.--The term ``WTO member'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2(10) of the Uruguay Round 
        Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3501(10)).

            Attest:

                                                                 Clerk.
114th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                               H.R. 2146

_______________________________________________________________________

                  HOUSE AMENDMENT TO SENATE AMENDMENT