Text: H.R.22 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Public Law No: 114-94 (12/04/2015)

 
[114th Congress Public Law 94]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 1311]]

               FIXING AMERICA'S SURFACE TRANSPORTATION ACT

[[Page 129 STAT. 1312]]

Public Law 114-94
114th Congress

                                 An Act


 
 To authorize funds for Federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, 
     and transit programs, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Dec. 4, 
                          2015 -  [H.R. 22]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Fixing America's 
Surface Transportation Act. 23 USC 101 note.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Fixing America's 
Surface Transportation Act'' or the ``FAST Act''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

                   DIVISION A--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 1001. Definitions.
Sec. 1002. Reconciliation of funds.
Sec. 1003. Effective date.
Sec. 1004. References.

                      TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

                 Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

Sec. 1101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1102. Obligation ceiling.
Sec. 1103. Definitions.
Sec. 1104. Apportionment.
Sec. 1105. Nationally significant freight and highway projects.
Sec. 1106. National highway performance program.
Sec. 1107. Emergency relief for federally owned roads.
Sec. 1108. Railway-highway grade crossings.
Sec. 1109. Surface transportation block grant program.
Sec. 1110. Highway use tax evasion projects.
Sec. 1111. Bundling of bridge projects.
Sec. 1112. Construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities.
Sec. 1113. Highway safety improvement program.
Sec. 1114. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.
Sec. 1115. Territorial and Puerto Rico highway program.
Sec. 1116. National highway freight program.
Sec. 1117. Federal lands and tribal transportation programs.
Sec. 1118. Tribal transportation program amendment.
Sec. 1119. Federal lands transportation program.
Sec. 1120. Federal lands programmatic activities.
Sec. 1121. Tribal transportation self-governance program.
Sec. 1122. State flexibility for National Highway System modifications.
Sec. 1123. Nationally significant Federal lands and tribal projects 
           program.

             Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management

Sec. 1201. Metropolitan transportation planning.
Sec. 1202. Statewide and nonmetropolitan transportation planning.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery

Sec. 1301. Satisfaction of requirements for certain historic sites.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1313]]

Sec. 1302. Clarification of transportation environmental authorities.
Sec. 1303. Treatment of certain bridges under preservation requirements.
Sec. 1304. Efficient environmental reviews for project decisionmaking.
Sec. 1305. Integration of planning and environmental review.
Sec. 1306. Development of programmatic mitigation plans.
Sec. 1307. Technical assistance for States.
Sec. 1308. Surface transportation project delivery program.
Sec. 1309. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental reviews.
Sec. 1310. Application of categorical exclusions for multimodal 
           projects.
Sec. 1311. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.
Sec. 1312. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in 
           environmental reviews.
Sec. 1313. Aligning Federal environmental reviews.
Sec. 1314. Categorical exclusion for projects of limited Federal 
           assistance.
Sec. 1315. Programmatic agreement template.
Sec. 1316. Assumption of authorities.
Sec. 1317. Modernization of the environmental review process.
Sec. 1318. Assessment of progress on accelerating project delivery.

                        Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 1401. Prohibition on the use of funds for automated traffic 
           enforcement.
Sec. 1402. Highway Trust Fund transparency and accountability.
Sec. 1403. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund.
Sec. 1404. Design standards.
Sec. 1405. Justification reports for access points on the Interstate 
           System.
Sec. 1406. Performance period adjustment.
Sec. 1407. Vehicle-to-infrastructure equipment.
Sec. 1408. Federal share payable.
Sec. 1409. Milk products.
Sec. 1410. Interstate weight limits.
Sec. 1411. Tolling; HOV facilities; Interstate reconstruction and 
           rehabilitation.
Sec. 1412. Projects for public safety relating to idling trains.
Sec. 1413. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and 
           natural gas fueling corridors.
Sec. 1414. Repeat offender criteria.
Sec. 1415. Administrative provisions to encourage pollinator habitat and 
           forage on transportation rights-of-way.
Sec. 1416. High priority corridors on National Highway System.
Sec. 1417. Work zone and guard rail safety training.
Sec. 1418. Consolidation of programs.
Sec. 1419. Elimination or modification of certain reporting 
           requirements.
Sec. 1420. Flexibility for projects.
Sec. 1421. Productive and timely expenditure of funds.
Sec. 1422. Study on performance of bridges.
Sec. 1423. Relinquishment of park-and-ride lot facilities.
Sec. 1424. Pilot program.
Sec. 1425. Service club, charitable association, or religious service 
           signs.
Sec. 1426. Motorcyclist advisory council.
Sec. 1427. Highway work zones.
Sec. 1428. Use of durable, resilient, and sustainable materials and 
           practices.
Sec. 1429. Identification of roadside highway safety hardware devices.
Sec. 1430. Use of modeling and simulation technology.
Sec. 1431. National Advisory Committee on Travel and Tourism 
           Infrastructure.
Sec. 1432. Emergency exemptions.
Sec. 1433. Report on Highway Trust Fund administrative expenditures.
Sec. 1434. Availability of reports.
Sec. 1435. Appalachian development highway system.
Sec. 1436. Appalachian regional development program.
Sec. 1437. Border State infrastructure.
Sec. 1438. Adjustments.
Sec. 1439. Elimination of barriers to improve at-risk bridges.
Sec. 1440. At-risk project preagreement authority.
Sec. 1441. Regional infrastructure accelerator demonstration program.
Sec. 1442. Safety for users.
Sec. 1443. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1444. Every Day Counts initiative.
Sec. 1445. Water infrastructure finance and innovation.
Sec. 1446. Technical corrections.

                  TITLE II--INNOVATIVE PROJECT FINANCE

Sec. 2001. Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act of 
           1998 amendments.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1314]]

Sec. 2002. Availability payment concession model.

                    TITLE III--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 3001. Short title.
Sec. 3002. Definitions.
Sec. 3003. Metropolitan and statewide transportation planning.
Sec. 3004. Urbanized area formula grants.
Sec. 3005. Fixed guideway capital investment grants.
Sec. 3006. Enhanced mobility of seniors and individuals with 
           disabilities.
Sec. 3007. Formula grants for rural areas.
Sec. 3008. Public transportation innovation.
Sec. 3009. Technical assistance and workforce development.
Sec. 3010. Private sector participation.
Sec. 3011. General provisions.
Sec. 3012. Project management oversight.
Sec. 3013. Public transportation safety program.
Sec. 3014. Apportionments.
Sec. 3015. State of good repair grants.
Sec. 3016. Authorizations.
Sec. 3017. Grants for buses and bus facilities.
Sec. 3018. Obligation ceiling.
Sec. 3019. Innovative procurement.
Sec. 3020. Review of public transportation safety standards.
Sec. 3021. Study on evidentiary protection for public transportation 
           safety program information.
Sec. 3022. Improved public transportation safety measures.
Sec. 3023. Paratransit system under FTA approved coordinated plan.
Sec. 3024. Report on potential of Internet of Things.
Sec. 3025. Report on parking safety.
Sec. 3026. Appointment of directors of Washington Metropolitan Area 
           Transit Authority.
Sec. 3027. Effectiveness of public transportation changes and funding.
Sec. 3028. Authorization of grants for positive train control.
Sec. 3029. Amendment to title 5.
Sec. 3030. Technical and conforming changes.

                    TITLE IV--HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY

Sec. 4001. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4002. Highway safety programs.
Sec. 4003. Highway safety research and development.
Sec. 4004. High-visibility enforcement program.
Sec. 4005. National priority safety programs.
Sec. 4006. Tracking process.
Sec. 4007. Stop motorcycle checkpoint funding.
Sec. 4008. Marijuana-impaired driving.
Sec. 4009. Increasing public awareness of the dangers of drug-impaired 
           driving.
Sec. 4010. National priority safety program grant eligibility.
Sec. 4011. Data collection.
Sec. 4012. Study on the national roadside survey of alcohol and drug use 
           by drivers.
Sec. 4013. Barriers to data collection report.
Sec. 4014. Technical corrections.
Sec. 4015. Effective date for certain programs.

                      TITLE V--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

          Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grant Consolidation

Sec. 5101. Grants to States.
Sec. 5102. Performance and registration information systems management.
Sec. 5103. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5104. Commercial driver's license program implementation.
Sec. 5105. Extension of Federal motor carrier safety programs for fiscal 
           year 2016.
Sec. 5106. Motor carrier safety assistance program allocation.
Sec. 5107. Maintenance of effort calculation.

     Subtitle B--Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Reform

                        Part I--Regulatory Reform

Sec. 5201. Notice of cancellation of insurance.
Sec. 5202. Regulations.
Sec. 5203. Guidance.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1315]]

Sec. 5204. Petitions.
Sec. 5205. Inspector standards.
Sec. 5206. Applications.

           Part II--Compliance, Safety, Accountability Reform

Sec. 5221. Correlation study.
Sec. 5222. Beyond compliance.
Sec. 5223. Data certification.
Sec. 5224. Data improvement.
Sec. 5225. Accident review.

               Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

Sec. 5301. Windshield technology.
Sec. 5302. Prioritizing statutory rulemakings.
Sec. 5303. Safety reporting system.
Sec. 5304. New entrant safety review program.
Sec. 5305. High risk carrier reviews.
Sec. 5306. Post-accident report review.
Sec. 5307. Implementing safety requirements.

              Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

Sec. 5401. Opportunities for veterans.
Sec. 5402. Drug-free commercial drivers.
Sec. 5403. Medical certification of veterans for commercial driver's 
           licenses.
Sec. 5404. Commercial driver pilot program.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

Sec. 5501. Delays in goods movement.
Sec. 5502. Emergency route working group.
Sec. 5503. Household goods consumer protection working group.
Sec. 5504. Technology improvements.
Sec. 5505. Notification regarding motor carrier registration.
Sec. 5506. Report on commercial driver's license skills test delays.
Sec. 5507. Electronic logging device requirements.
Sec. 5508. Technical corrections.
Sec. 5509. Minimum financial responsibility.
Sec. 5510. Safety study regarding double-decker motorcoaches.
Sec. 5511. GAO review of school bus safety.
Sec. 5512. Access to National Driver Register.
Sec. 5513. Report on design and implementation of wireless roadside 
           inspection systems.
Sec. 5514. Regulation of tow truck operations.
Sec. 5515. Study on commercial motor vehicle driver commuting.
Sec. 5516. Additional State authority.
Sec. 5517. Report on motor carrier financial responsibility.
Sec. 5518. Covered farm vehicles.
Sec. 5519. Operators of hi-rail vehicles.
Sec. 5520. Automobile transporter.
Sec. 5521. Ready mix concrete delivery vehicles.
Sec. 5522. Transportation of construction materials and equipment.
Sec. 5523. Commercial delivery of light- and medium-duty trailers.
Sec. 5524. Exemptions from requirements for certain welding trucks used 
           in pipeline industry.
Sec. 5525. Report.

                          TITLE VI--INNOVATION

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6003. Technology and innovation deployment program.
Sec. 6004. Advanced transportation and congestion management 
           technologies deployment.
Sec. 6005. Intelligent transportation system goals.
Sec. 6006. Intelligent transportation system purposes.
Sec. 6007. Intelligent transportation system program report.
Sec. 6008. Intelligent transportation system national architecture and 
           standards.
Sec. 6009. Communication systems deployment report.
Sec. 6010. Infrastructure development.
Sec. 6011. Departmental research programs.
Sec. 6012. Research and Innovative Technology Administration.
Sec. 6013. Web-based training for emergency responders.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1316]]

Sec. 6014. Hazardous materials research and development.
Sec. 6015. Office of Intermodalism.
Sec. 6016. University transportation centers.
Sec. 6017. Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
Sec. 6018. Port performance freight statistics program.
Sec. 6019. Research planning.
Sec. 6020. Surface transportation system funding alternatives.
Sec. 6021. Future interstate study.
Sec. 6022. Highway efficiency.
Sec. 6023. Transportation technology policy working group.
Sec. 6024. Collaboration and support.
Sec. 6025. GAO report.
Sec. 6026. Traffic congestion.
Sec. 6027. Smart cities transportation planning study.
Sec. 6028. Performance management data support program.

              TITLE VII--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 7001. Short title.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

Sec. 7101. Authorization of appropriations.

          Subtitle B--Hazardous Material Safety and Improvement

Sec. 7201. National emergency and disaster response.
Sec. 7202. Motor carrier safety permits.
Sec. 7203. Improving the effectiveness of planning and training grants.
Sec. 7204. Improving publication of special permits and approvals.
Sec. 7205. Enhanced reporting.
Sec. 7206. Wetlines.
Sec. 7207. GAO study on acceptance of classification examinations.
Sec. 7208. Hazardous materials endorsement exemption.

      Subtitle C--Safe Transportation of Flammable Liquids by Rail

Sec. 7301. Community safety grants.
Sec. 7302. Real-time emergency response information.
Sec. 7303. Emergency response.
Sec. 7304. Phase-out of all tank cars used to transport Class 3 
           flammable liquids.
Sec. 7305. Thermal blankets.
Sec. 7306. Minimum requirements for top fittings protection for class 
           DOT-117R tank cars.
Sec. 7307. Rulemaking on oil spill response plans.
Sec. 7308. Modification reporting.
Sec. 7309. Report on crude oil characteristics research study.
Sec. 7310. Hazardous materials by rail liability study.
Sec. 7311. Study and testing of electronically controlled pneumatic 
           brakes.

              TITLE VIII--MULTIMODAL FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 8001. Multimodal freight transportation.

 TITLE IX--NATIONAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION AND INNOVATIVE FINANCE BUREAU

Sec. 9001. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
           Bureau.
Sec. 9002. Council on Credit and Finance.

     TITLE X--SPORT FISH RESTORATION AND RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY

Sec. 10001. Allocations.
Sec. 10002. Recreational boating safety.

                             TITLE XI--RAIL

Sec. 11001. Short title.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

Sec. 11101. Authorization of grants to Amtrak.
Sec. 11102. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvements.
Sec. 11103. Federal-State partnership for state of good repair.
Sec. 11104. Restoration and enhancement grants.
Sec. 11105. Authorization of appropriations for Amtrak Office of 
           Inspector General.
Sec. 11106. Definitions.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1317]]

                       Subtitle B--Amtrak Reforms

Sec. 11201. Accounts.
Sec. 11202. Amtrak grant process.
Sec. 11203. 5-year business line and asset plans.
Sec. 11204. State-supported route committee.
Sec. 11205. Composition of Amtrak's Board of Directors.
Sec. 11206. Route and service planning decisions.
Sec. 11207. Food and beverage reform.
Sec. 11208. Rolling stock purchases.
Sec. 11209. Local products and promotional events.
Sec. 11210. Amtrak pilot program for passengers transporting 
           domesticated cats and dogs.
Sec. 11211. Right-of-way leveraging.
Sec. 11212. Station development.
Sec. 11213. Amtrak boarding procedures.
Sec. 11214. Amtrak debt.
Sec. 11215. Elimination of duplicative reporting.

               Subtitle C--Intercity Passenger Rail Policy

Sec. 11301. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvements.
Sec. 11302. Federal-State partnership for state of good repair.
Sec. 11303. Restoration and enhancement grants.
Sec. 11304. Gulf Coast rail service working group.
Sec. 11305. Northeast Corridor Commission.
Sec. 11306. Northeast corridor planning.
Sec. 11307. Competition.
Sec. 11308. Performance-based proposals.
Sec. 11309. Large capital project requirements.
Sec. 11310. Small business participation study.
Sec. 11311. Shared-use study.
Sec. 11312. Northeast Corridor through-ticketing and procurement 
           efficiencies.
Sec. 11313. Data and analysis.
Sec. 11314. Amtrak Inspector General.
Sec. 11315. Miscellaneous provisions.
Sec. 11316. Technical and conforming amendments.

                           Subtitle D--Safety

Sec. 11401. Highway-rail grade crossing safety.
Sec. 11402. Private highway-rail grade crossings.
Sec. 11403. Study on use of locomotive horns at highway-rail grade 
           crossings.
Sec. 11404. Positive train control at grade crossings effectiveness 
           study.
Sec. 11405. Bridge inspection reports.
Sec. 11406. Speed limit action plans.
Sec. 11407. Alerters.
Sec. 11408. Signal protection.
Sec. 11409. Commuter rail track inspections.
Sec. 11410. Post-accident assessment.
Sec. 11411. Recording devices.
Sec. 11412. Railroad police officers.
Sec. 11413. Repair and replacement of damaged track inspection 
           equipment.
Sec. 11414. Report on vertical track deflection.
Sec. 11415. Rail passenger liability.

                      Subtitle E--Project Delivery

Sec. 11501. Short title.
Sec. 11502. Treatment of improvements to rail and transit under 
           preservation requirements.
Sec. 11503. Efficient environmental reviews.
Sec. 11504. Railroad rights-of-way.

                          Subtitle F--Financing

Sec. 11601. Short title; references.
Sec. 11602. Definitions.
Sec. 11603. Eligible applicants.
Sec. 11604. Eligible purposes.
Sec. 11605. Program administration.
Sec. 11606. Loan terms and repayment.
Sec. 11607. Credit risk premiums.
Sec. 11608. Master credit agreements.
Sec. 11609. Priorities and conditions.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1318]]

Sec. 11610. Savings provisions.
Sec. 11611. Report on leveraging RRIF.

DIVISION B--COMPREHENSIVE TRANSPORTATION AND CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT OF 
                                  2015

                    TITLE XXIV--MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY

                       Subtitle A--Vehicle Safety

Sec. 24101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 24102. Inspector general recommendations.
Sec. 24103. Improvements in availability of recall information.
Sec. 24104. Recall process.
Sec. 24105. Pilot grant program for state notification to consumers of 
           motor vehicle recall status.
Sec. 24106. Recall obligations under bankruptcy.
Sec. 24107. Dealer requirement to check for open recall.
Sec. 24108. Extension of time period for remedy of tire defects.
Sec. 24109. Rental car safety.
Sec. 24110. Increase in civil penalties for violations of motor vehicle 
           safety.
Sec. 24111. Electronic odometer disclosures.
Sec. 24112. Corporate responsibility for NHTSA reports.
Sec. 24113. Direct vehicle notification of recalls.
Sec. 24114. Unattended children warning.
Sec. 24115. Tire pressure monitoring system.
Sec. 24116. Information regarding components involved in recall.

      Subtitle B--Research And Development And Vehicle Electronics

Sec. 24201. Report on operations of the council for vehicle electronics, 
           vehicle software, and emerging technologies.
Sec. 24202. Cooperation with foreign governments.

                  Subtitle C--Miscellaneous Provisions

                   Part I--DRIVER PRIVACY ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24301. Short title.
Sec. 24302. Limitations on data retrieval from vehicle event data 
           recorders.
Sec. 24303. Vehicle event data recorder study.

         Part II--SAFETY THROUGH INFORMED CONSUMERS ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24321. Short title.
Sec. 24322. Passenger motor vehicle information.

     Part III--TIRE EFFICIENCY, SAFETY, AND REGISTRATION ACT OF 2015

Sec. 24331. Short title.
Sec. 24332. Tire fuel efficiency minimum performance standards.
Sec. 24333. Tire registration by independent sellers.
Sec. 24334. Tire identification study and report.
Sec. 24335. Tire recall database.

                   Part IV--ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES

Sec. 24341. Regulatory parity for natural gas vehicles.

             Part V--MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY WHISTLEBLOWER ACT

Sec. 24351. Short title.
Sec. 24352. Motor vehicle safety whistleblower incentives and 
           protections.

             Subtitle D--Additional Motor Vehicle Provisions

Sec. 24401. Required reporting of NHTSA agenda.
Sec. 24402. Application of remedies for defects and noncompliance.
Sec. 24403. Retention of safety records by manufacturers.
Sec. 24404. Nonapplication of prohibitions relating to noncomplying 
           motor vehicles to vehicles used for testing or evaluation.
Sec. 24405. Treatment of low-volume manufacturers.
Sec. 24406. Motor vehicle safety guidelines.
Sec. 24407. Improvement of data collection on child occupants in vehicle 
           crashes.

                           DIVISION C--FINANCE

            TITLE XXXI--HIGHWAY TRUST FUND AND RELATED TAXES

 Subtitle A--Extension of Trust Fund Expenditure Authority and Related 
                                  Taxes

Sec. 31101. Extension of Highway Trust Fund expenditure authority.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1319]]

Sec. 31102. Extension of highway-related taxes.

         Subtitle B--Additional Transfers to Highway Trust Fund

Sec. 31201. Further additional transfers to trust fund.
Sec. 31202. Transfer to Highway Trust Fund of certain motor vehicle 
           safety penalties.
Sec. 31203. Appropriation from Leaking Underground Storage Tank Trust 
           Fund.

                          TITLE XXXII--OFFSETS

                       Subtitle A--Tax Provisions

Sec. 32101. Revocation or denial of passport in case of certain unpaid 
           taxes.
Sec. 32102. Reform of rules relating to qualified tax collection 
           contracts.
Sec. 32103. Special compliance personnel program.
Sec. 32104. Repeal of modification of automatic extension of return due 
           date for certain employee benefit plans.

                      Subtitle B--Fees and Receipts

Sec. 32201. Adjustment for inflation of fees for certain customs 
           services.
Sec. 32202. Limitation on surplus funds of Federal reserve banks.
Sec. 32203. Dividends of Federal reserve banks.
Sec. 32204. Strategic Petroleum Reserve drawdown and sale.
Sec. 32205. Repeal.

                           Subtitle C--Outlays

Sec. 32301. Interest on overpayment.

                      Subtitle D--Budgetary Effects

Sec. 32401. Budgetary effects.

                        DIVISION D--MISCELLANEOUS

                TITLE XLI--FEDERAL PERMITTING IMPROVEMENT

Sec. 41001. Definitions.
Sec. 41002. Federal Permitting Improvement Council.
Sec. 41003. Permitting process improvement.
Sec. 41004. Interstate compacts.
Sec. 41005. Coordination of required reviews.
Sec. 41006. Delegated State permitting programs.
Sec. 41007. Litigation, judicial review, and savings provision.
Sec. 41008. Reports.
Sec. 41009. Funding for governance, oversight, and processing of 
           environmental reviews and permits.
Sec. 41010. Application.
Sec. 41011. GAO Report.
Sec. 41012. Savings provision.
Sec. 41013. Sunset.
Sec. 41014. Placement.

                    TITLE XLII--ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 42001. GAO report on refunds to registered vendors of kerosene used 
           in noncommercial aviation.

       TITLE XLIII--PAYMENTS TO CERTIFIED STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES

Sec. 43001. Payments from Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund.

           DIVISION E--EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES

Sec. 50001. Short title.

  TITLE LI--TAXPAYER PROTECTION PROVISIONS AND INCREASED ACCOUNTABILITY

Sec. 51001. Reduction in authorized amount of outstanding loans, 
           guarantees, and insurance.
Sec. 51002. Increase in loss reserves.
Sec. 51003. Review of fraud controls.
Sec. 51004. Office of Ethics.
Sec. 51005. Chief Risk Officer.
Sec. 51006. Risk Management Committee.
Sec. 51007. Independent audit of bank portfolio.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1320]]

Sec. 51008. Pilot program for reinsurance.

             TITLE LII--PROMOTION OF SMALL BUSINESS EXPORTS

Sec. 52001. Increase in small business lending requirements.
Sec. 52002. Report on programs for small- and medium-sized businesses.

                 TITLE LIII--MODERNIZATION OF OPERATIONS

Sec. 53001. Electronic payments and documents.
Sec. 53002. Reauthorization of information technology updating.

                      TITLE LIV--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 54001. Extension of authority.
Sec. 54002. Certain updated loan terms and amounts.

                         TITLE LV--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 55001. Prohibition on discrimination based on industry.
Sec. 55002. Negotiations to end export credit financing.
Sec. 55003. Study of financing for information and communications 
           technology systems.

                       DIVISION F--ENERGY SECURITY

Sec. 61001. Emergency preparedness for energy supply disruptions.
Sec. 61002. Resolving environmental and grid reliability conflicts.
Sec. 61003. Critical electric infrastructure security.
Sec. 61004. Strategic Transformer Reserve.
Sec. 61005. Energy security valuation.

                     DIVISION G--FINANCIAL SERVICES

  TITLE LXXI--IMPROVING ACCESS TO CAPITAL FOR EMERGING GROWTH COMPANIES

Sec. 71001. Filing requirement for public filing prior to public 
           offering.
Sec. 71002. Grace period for change of status of emerging growth 
           companies.
Sec. 71003. Simplified disclosure requirements for emerging growth 
           companies.

        TITLE LXXII--DISCLOSURE MODERNIZATION AND SIMPLIFICATION

Sec. 72001. Summary page for form 10-K.
Sec. 72002. Improvement of regulation S-K.
Sec. 72003. Study on modernization and simplification of regulation S-K.

  TITLE LXXIII--BULLION AND COLLECTIBLE COIN PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY AND 
                              COST SAVINGS

Sec. 73001. Technical corrections.
Sec. 73002. American Eagle Silver Bullion 30th Anniversary.

                    TITLE LXXIV--SBIC ADVISERS RELIEF

Sec. 74001. Advisers of SBICs and venture capital funds.
Sec. 74002. Advisers of SBICs and private funds.
Sec. 74003. Relationship to State law.

             TITLE LXXV--ELIMINATE PRIVACY NOTICE CONFUSION

Sec. 75001. Exception to annual privacy notice requirement under the 
           Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.

  TITLE LXXVI--REFORMING ACCESS FOR INVESTMENTS IN STARTUP ENTERPRISES

Sec. 76001. Exempted transactions.

     TITLE LXXVII--PRESERVATION ENHANCEMENT AND SAVINGS OPPORTUNITY

Sec. 77001. Distributions and residual receipts.
Sec. 77002. Future refinancings.
Sec. 77003. Implementation.

            TITLE LXXVIII--TENANT INCOME VERIFICATION RELIEF

Sec. 78001. Reviews of family incomes.

               TITLE LXXIX--HOUSING ASSISTANCE EFFICIENCY

Sec. 79001. Authority to administer rental assistance.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1321]]

Sec. 79002. Reallocation of funds.

                  TITLE LXXX--CHILD SUPPORT ASSISTANCE

Sec. 80001. Requests for consumer reports by State or local child 
           support enforcement agencies.

               TITLE LXXXI--PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN HOUSING

Sec. 81001. Budget-neutral demonstration program for energy and water 
           conservation improvements at multifamily residential units.

 TITLE LXXXII--CAPITAL ACCESS FOR SMALL COMMUNITY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

Sec. 82001. Privately insured credit unions authorized to become members 
           of a Federal home loan bank.
Sec. 82002. GAO Report.

               TITLE LXXXIII--SMALL BANK EXAM CYCLE REFORM

Sec. 83001. Smaller institutions qualifying for 18-month examination 
           cycle.

             TITLE LXXXIV--SMALL COMPANY SIMPLE REGISTRATION

Sec. 84001. Forward incorporation by reference for Form S-1.

    TITLE LXXXV--HOLDING COMPANY REGISTRATION THRESHOLD EQUALIZATION

Sec. 85001. Registration threshold for savings and loan holding 
           companies.

          TITLE LXXXVI--REPEAL OF INDEMNIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 86001. Repeal.

   TITLE LXXXVII--TREATMENT OF DEBT OR EQUITY INSTRUMENTS OF SMALLER 
                              INSTITUTIONS

Sec. 87001. Date for determining consolidated assets.

               TITLE LXXXVIII--STATE LICENSING EFFICIENCY

Sec. 88001. Short title.
Sec. 88002. Background checks.

   TITLE LXXXIX--HELPING EXPAND LENDING PRACTICES IN RURAL COMMUNITIES

Sec. 89001. Short title.
Sec. 89002. Designation of rural area.
Sec. 89003. Operations in rural areas.

                   DIVISION A--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 1001. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this division, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of Transportation.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Transportation.
SEC. 1002. RECONCILIATION OF FUNDS.

    The Secretary shall reduce the amount apportioned or allocated for a 
program, project, or activity under titles I and VI of this Act in 
fiscal year 2016 by amounts apportioned or allocated pursuant to any 
extension Act of MAP-21, including the amendments made by that extension 
Act, during the period beginning on October 1, 2015, and ending on the 
date of enactment of this Act. For purposes of making such reductions, 
funds set aside pursuant to section 133(h) of title 23, United States 
Code, as amended by

[[Page 129 STAT. 1322]]

this Act, shall be reduced by the amount set aside pursuant to section 
213 of such title, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
of this Act.
SEC. 1003. <<NOTE: 5 USC 5313 note.>>  EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Except as otherwise provided, this division, including the 
amendments made by this division, takes effect on October 1, 2015.
SEC. 1004. <<NOTE: 1 USC 1 note.>>  REFERENCES.

    Except as expressly provided otherwise, any reference to ``this 
Act'' contained in this division shall be treated as referring only to 
the provisions of this division.

                      TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

                 Subtitle A--Authorizations and Programs

SEC. 1101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The following sums are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account):
            (1) Federal-aid highway program.--For the national highway 
        performance program under section 119 of title 23, United States 
        Code, the surface transportation block grant program under 
        section 133 of that title, the highway safety improvement 
        program under section 148 of that title, the congestion 
        mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 149 
        of that title, the national highway freight program under 
        section 167 of that title, and to carry out section 134 of that 
        title--
                    (A) $39,727,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $40,547,805,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $41,424,020,075 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $42,358,903,696 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $43,373,294,311 for fiscal year 2020.
            (2) Transportation infrastructure finance and innovation 
        program.--For credit assistance under the transportation 
        infrastructure finance and innovation program under chapter 6 of 
        title 23, United States Code--
                    (A) $275,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $275,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $285,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $300,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (3) Federal lands and tribal transportation programs.--
                    (A) Tribal transportation program.--For the tribal 
                transportation program under section 202 of title 23, 
                United States Code--
                          (i) $465,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          (ii) $475,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          (iii) $485,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          (iv) $495,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                          (v) $505,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
                    (B) Federal lands transportation program.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1323]]

                          (i) In general.--For the Federal lands 
                      transportation program under section 203 of title 
                      23, United States Code--
                                    (I) $335,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2016;
                                    (II) $345,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2017;
                                    (III) $355,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2018;
                                    (IV) $365,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2019; and
                                    (V) $375,000,000 for fiscal year 
                                2020.
                          (ii) Allocation.--Of the amount made available 
                      for a fiscal year under clause (i)--
                                    (I) the amount for the National Park 
                                Service is--
                                            (aa) $268,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2016;
                                            (bb) $276,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2017;
                                            (cc) $284,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2018;
                                            (dd) $292,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2019; and
                                            (ee) $300,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2020.
                                    (II) the amount for the United 
                                States Fish and Wildlife Service is 
                                $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                                2016 through 2020; and
                                    (III) the amount for the United 
                                States Forest Service is--
                                            (aa) $15,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2016;
                                            (bb) $16,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2017;
                                            (cc) $17,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2018;
                                            (dd) $18,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2019; and
                                            (ee) $19,000,000 for fiscal 
                                        year 2020.
                    (C) Federal lands access program.--For the Federal 
                lands access program under section 204 of title 23, 
                United States Code--
                          (i) $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          (ii) $255,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          (iii) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          (iv) $265,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                          (v) $270,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (4) Territorial and puerto rico highway program.--For the 
        territorial and Puerto Rico highway program under section 165 of 
        title 23, United States Code, $200,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2016 through 2020.
            (5) Nationally significant freight and highway projects.--
        For nationally significant freight and highway projects under 
        section 117 of title 23, United States Code--
                    (A) $800,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $850,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $900,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $950,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>>  Disadvantaged Business 
Enterprises.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
                    (A) while significant progress has occurred due to 
                the establishment of the disadvantaged business 
                enterprise program, discrimination and related barriers 
                continue to pose significant obstacles for minority- and 
                women-owned businesses seeking to do business in 
                federally assisted surface transportation markets across 
                the United States;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1324]]

                    (B) the continuing barriers described in 
                subparagraph (A) merit the continuation of the 
                disadvantaged business enterprise program;
                    (C) Congress has received and reviewed testimony and 
                documentation of race and gender discrimination from 
                numerous sources, including congressional hearings and 
                roundtables, scientific reports, reports issued by 
                public and private agencies, news stories, reports of 
                discrimination by organizations and individuals, and 
                discrimination lawsuits, which show that race- and 
                gender-neutral efforts alone are insufficient to address 
                the problem;
                    (D) the testimony and documentation described in 
                subparagraph (C) demonstrate that discrimination across 
                the United States poses a barrier to full and fair 
                participation in surface transportation-related 
                businesses of women business owners and minority 
                business owners and has impacted firm development and 
                many aspects of surface transportation-related business 
                in the public and private markets; and
                    (E) the testimony and documentation described in 
                subparagraph (C) provide a strong basis that there is a 
                compelling need for the continuation of the 
                disadvantaged business enterprise program to address 
                race and gender discrimination in surface 
                transportation-related business.
            (2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) Small business concern.--
                          (i) In general.--The term ``small business 
                      concern'' means a small business concern (as the 
                      term is used in section 3 of the Small Business 
                      Act (15 U.S.C. 632)).
                          (ii) Exclusions.--The term ``small business 
                      concern'' does not include any concern or group of 
                      concerns controlled by the same socially and 
                      economically disadvantaged individual or 
                      individuals that have average annual gross 
                      receipts during the preceding 3 fiscal years in 
                      excess of $23,980,000, as adjusted annually by the 
                      Secretary for inflation.
                    (B) Socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals.--The term ``socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals'' has the meaning given the 
                term in section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 
                U.S.C. 637(d)) and relevant subcontracting regulations 
                issued pursuant to that Act, except that women shall be 
                presumed to be socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals for purposes of this subsection.
            (3) Amounts for small business concerns.--Except to the 
        extent that the Secretary determines otherwise, not less than 10 
        percent of the amounts made available for any program under 
        titles I, II, III, and VI of this Act and section 403 of title 
        23, United States Code, shall be expended through small business 
        concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals.
            (4) Annual listing of disadvantaged business enterprises.--
        Each State shall annually--
                    (A) survey and compile a list of the small business 
                concerns referred to in paragraph (3) in the State, 
                including

[[Page 129 STAT. 1325]]

                the location of the small business concerns in the 
                State; and
                    (B) notify the Secretary, in writing, of the 
                percentage of the small business concerns that are 
                controlled by--
                          (i) women;
                          (ii) socially and economically disadvantaged 
                      individuals (other than women); and
                          (iii) individuals who are women and are 
                      otherwise socially and economically disadvantaged 
                      individuals.
            (5) Uniform certification.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish 
                minimum uniform criteria for use by State governments in 
                certifying whether a concern qualifies as a small 
                business concern for the purpose of this subsection.
                    (B) Inclusions.--The minimum uniform criteria 
                established under subparagraph (A) shall include, with 
                respect to a potential small business concern--
                          (i) on-site visits;
                          (ii) personal interviews with personnel;
                          (iii) issuance or inspection of licenses;
                          (iv) analyses of stock ownership;
                          (v) listings of equipment;
                          (vi) analyses of bonding capacity;
                          (vii) listings of work completed;
                          (viii) examination of the resumes of principal 
                      owners;
                          (ix) analyses of financial capacity; and
                          (x) analyses of the type of work preferred.
            (6) Reporting.--The Secretary shall establish minimum 
        requirements for use by State governments in reporting to the 
        Secretary--
                    (A) information concerning disadvantaged business 
                enterprise awards, commitments, and achievements; and
                    (B) such other information as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate for the proper monitoring 
                of the disadvantaged business enterprise program.
            (7) Compliance with court orders.--Nothing in this 
        subsection limits the eligibility of an individual or entity to 
        receive funds made available under titles I, II, III, and VI of 
        this Act and section 403 of title 23, United States Code, if the 
        entity or person is prevented, in whole or in part, from 
        complying with paragraph (3) because a Federal court issues a 
        final order in which the court finds that a requirement or the 
        implementation of paragraph (3) is unconstitutional.
            (8) Sense of congress on prompt payment of dbe 
        subcontractors.--It is the sense of Congress that--
                    (A) the Secretary should take additional steps to 
                ensure that recipients comply with section 26.29 of 
                title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (the disadvantaged 
                business enterprises prompt payment rule), or any 
                corresponding regulation, in awarding federally funded 
                transportation contracts under laws and regulations 
                administered by the Secretary; and
                    (B) such additional steps should include increasing 
                the Department's ability to track and keep records of 
                complaints and to make that information publicly 
                available.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1326]]

SEC. 1102. <<NOTE: 23 USC 104 note.>>  OBLIGATION CEILING.

    (a) General Limitation.--Subject to subsection (e), and 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, the obligations for Federal-
aid highway and highway safety construction programs shall not exceed--
            (1) $42,361,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            (2) $43,266,100,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            (3) $44,234,212,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            (4) $45,268,596,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            (5) $46,365,092,000 for fiscal year 2020.

    (b) Exceptions.--The limitations under subsection (a) shall not 
apply to obligations under or for--
            (1) section 125 of title 23, United States Code;
            (2) section 147 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act 
        of 1978 (23 U.S.C. 144 note; 92 Stat. 2714);
            (3) section 9 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1981 (95 
        Stat. 1701);
            (4) subsections (b) and (j) of section 131 of the Surface 
        Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2119);
            (5) subsections (b) and (c) of section 149 of the Surface 
        Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 
        (101 Stat. 198);
            (6) sections 1103 through 1108 of the Intermodal Surface 
        Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2027);
            (7) section 157 of title 23, United States Code (as in 
        effect on June 8, 1998);
            (8) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as in 
        effect for fiscal years 1998 through 2004, but only in an amount 
        equal to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
            (9) Federal-aid highway programs for which obligation 
        authority was made available under the Transportation Equity Act 
        for the 21st Century (112 Stat. 107) or subsequent Acts for 
        multiple years or to remain available until expended, but only 
        to the extent that the obligation authority has not lapsed or 
        been used;
            (10) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as in 
        effect for fiscal years 2005 through 2012, but only in an amount 
        equal to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
            (11) section 1603 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 118 note; 119 
        Stat. 1248), to the extent that funds obligated in accordance 
        with that section were not subject to a limitation on 
        obligations at the time at which the funds were initially made 
        available for obligation;
            (12) section 119 of title 23, United States Code (as in 
        effect for fiscal years 2013 through 2015, but only in an amount 
        equal to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years); and
            (13) section 119 of title 23, United States Code (but, for 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2020, only in an amount equal to 
        $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years).

    (c) Distribution of Obligation Authority.--For each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020, the Secretary--
            (1) shall not distribute obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a) for the fiscal year for--
                    (A) amounts authorized for administrative expenses 
                and programs by section 104(a) of title 23, United 
                States Code; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1327]]

                    (B) amounts authorized for the Bureau of 
                Transportation Statistics;
            (2) shall not distribute an amount of obligation authority 
        provided by subsection (a) that is equal to the unobligated 
        balance of amounts--
                    (A) made available from the Highway Trust Fund 
                (other than the Mass Transit Account) for Federal-aid 
                highway and highway safety construction programs for 
                previous fiscal years the funds for which are allocated 
                by the Secretary (or apportioned by the Secretary under 
                section 202 or 204 of title 23, United States Code); and
                    (B) for which obligation authority was provided in a 
                previous fiscal year;
            (3) shall determine the proportion that--
                    (A) the obligation authority provided by subsection 
                (a) for the fiscal year, less the aggregate of amounts 
                not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this 
                subsection; bears to
                    (B) the total of the sums authorized to be 
                appropriated for the Federal-aid highway and highway 
                safety construction programs (other than sums authorized 
                to be appropriated for provisions of law described in 
                paragraphs (1) through (12) of subsection (b) and sums 
                authorized to be appropriated for section 119 of title 
                23, United States Code, equal to the amount referred to 
                in subsection (b)(13) for the fiscal year), less the 
                aggregate of the amounts not distributed under 
                paragraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection;
            (4) shall distribute the obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts not distributed under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), for each of the programs (other than 
        programs to which paragraph (1) applies) that are allocated by 
        the Secretary under this Act and title 23, United States Code, 
        or apportioned by the Secretary under sections 202 or 204 of 
        that title, by multiplying--
                    (A) the proportion determined under paragraph (3); 
                by
                    (B) the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
                each such program for the fiscal year; and
            (5) shall distribute the obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts not distributed under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) and the amounts distributed under 
        paragraph (4), for Federal-aid highway and highway safety 
        construction programs that are apportioned by the Secretary 
        under title 23, United States Code (other than the amounts 
        apportioned for the national highway performance program in 
        section 119 of title 23, United States Code, that are exempt 
        from the limitation under subsection (b)(13) and the amounts 
        apportioned under sections 202 and 204 of that title) in the 
        proportion that--
                    (A) amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
                programs that are apportioned under title 23, United 
                States Code, to each State for the fiscal year; bears to
                    (B) the total of the amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated for the programs that are apportioned under 
                title 23, United States Code, to all States for the 
                fiscal year.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1328]]

    (d) Redistribution of Unused Obligation Authority.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (c), the Secretary shall, after August 1 of each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020--
            (1) revise a distribution of the obligation authority made 
        available under subsection (c) if an amount distributed cannot 
        be obligated during that fiscal year; and
            (2) redistribute sufficient amounts to those States able to 
        obligate amounts in addition to those previously distributed 
        during that fiscal year, giving priority to those States having 
        large unobligated balances of funds apportioned under sections 
        144 (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
        MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141)) and 104 of title 23, United States 
        Code.

    (e) Applicability of Obligation Limitations to Transportation 
Research Programs.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        obligation limitations imposed by subsection (a) shall apply to 
        contract authority for transportation research programs carried 
        out under--
                    (A) chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code; and
                    (B) title VI of this Act.
            (2) Exception.--Obligation authority made available under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) remain available for a period of 4 fiscal years; 
                and
                    (B) be in addition to the amount of any limitation 
                imposed on obligations for Federal-aid highway and 
                highway safety construction programs for future fiscal 
                years.

    (f) Redistribution of Certain Authorized Funds.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        distribution of obligation authority under subsection (c) for 
        each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary shall 
        distribute to the States any funds (excluding funds authorized 
        for the program under section 202 of title 23, United States 
        Code) that--
                    (A) are authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal 
                year for Federal-aid highway programs; and
                    (B) the Secretary determines will not be allocated 
                to the States (or will not be apportioned to the States 
                under section 204 of title 23, United States Code), and 
                will not be available for obligation, for the fiscal 
                year because of the imposition of any obligation 
                limitation for the fiscal year.
            (2) Ratio.--Funds shall be distributed under paragraph (1) 
        in the same proportion as the distribution of obligation 
        authority under subsection (c)(5).
            (3) Availability.--Funds distributed to each State under 
        paragraph (1) shall be available for any purpose described in 
        section 133(b) of title 23, United States Code.
SEC. 1103. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (29);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (15) through (28) as 
        paragraphs (16) through (29), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (14) the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1329]]

            ``(15) National highway freight network.--The term `National 
        Highway Freight Network' means the National Highway Freight 
        Network established under section 167.''.
SEC. 1104. APPORTIONMENT.

    (a) Administrative Expenses.--Section 104(a)(1) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated 
        from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
        Account) to be made available to the Secretary for 
        administrative expenses of the Federal Highway Administration--
                    ``(A) $453,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(B) $459,795,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(C) $466,691,925 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(D) $473,692,304 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(E) $480,797,689 for fiscal year 2020.''.

    (b) Division Among Programs of State's Share of Base 
Apportionment.--Section 104(b) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``(b) Division of'' and all that follows 
        before paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Division Among Programs of State's Share of Base 
Apportionment.--The Secretary shall distribute the amount of the base 
apportionment apportioned to a State for a fiscal year under subsection 
(c) among the national highway performance program, the surface 
transportation block grant program, the highway safety improvement 
program, the congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program, 
the national highway freight program, and to carry out section 134 as 
follows:'';
            (2) in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) by striking ``paragraphs 
        (4) and (5)'' each place it appears and inserting ``paragraphs 
        (4), (5), and (6)'';
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading by striking ``Surface 
                transportation program'' and inserting ``Surface 
                transportation block grant program''; and
                    (B) by striking ``surface transportation program'' 
                and inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
                program'';
            (4) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``the amount determined for the State under 
        subsection (c)'' and inserting ``the amount of the base 
        apportionment remaining for the State under subsection (c) after 
        making the set aside in accordance with paragraph (5)'';
            (5) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
            (6) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) National highway freight program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For the national highway freight 
                program under section 167, the Secretary shall set aside 
                from the base apportionment determined for a State under 
                subsection (c) an amount determined for the State under 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C).
                    ``(B) Total amount.--The total amount set aside for 
                the national highway freight program for all States 
                shall be--
                          ``(i) $1,150,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $1,100,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $1,200,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1330]]

                          ``(iv) $1,350,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; 
                      and
                          ``(v) $1,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
                    ``(C) State share.--For each fiscal year, the 
                Secretary shall distribute among the States the total 
                set-aside amount for the national highway freight 
                program under subparagraph (B) so that each State 
                receives the amount equal to the proportion that--
                          ``(i) the total base apportionment determined 
                      for the State under subsection (c); bears to
                          ``(ii) the total base apportionments for all 
                      States under subsection (c).
                    ``(D) Metropolitan planning.--Of the amount set 
                aside under this paragraph for a State, the Secretary 
                shall use to carry out section 134 an amount determined 
                by multiplying the set-aside amount by the proportion 
                that--
                          ``(i) the amount apportioned to the State to 
                      carry out section 134 for fiscal year 2009; bears 
                      to
                          ``(ii) the total amount of funds apportioned 
                      to the State for that fiscal year for the programs 
                      referred to in section 105(a)(2) (except for the 
                      high priority projects program referred to in 
                      section 105(a)(2)(H)), as in effect on the day 
                      before the date of enactment of MAP-21 (Public Law 
                      112-141; 126 Stat. 405).''; and
            (7) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated), in the matter 
        preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``the amount determined 
        for the State under subsection (c)'' and inserting ``the amount 
        of the base apportionment remaining for a State under subsection 
        (c) after making the set aside in accordance with paragraph 
        (5)''.

    (c) Calculation of State Amounts.--Section 104(c) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Calculation of Amounts.--
            ``(1) State share.--For each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020, the amount for each State shall be determined as follows:
                    ``(A) Initial amounts.--The initial amounts for each 
                State shall be determined by multiplying--
                          ``(i) each of--
                                    ``(I) the base apportionment;
                                    ``(II) supplemental funds reserved 
                                under subsection (h)(1) for the national 
                                highway performance program; and
                                    ``(III) supplemental funds reserved 
                                under subsection (h)(2) for the surface 
                                transportation block grant program; by
                          ``(ii) the share for each State, which shall 
                      be equal to the proportion that--
                                    ``(I) the amount of apportionments 
                                that the State received for fiscal year 
                                2015; bears to
                                    ``(II) the amount of those 
                                apportionments received by all States 
                                for that fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Adjustments to amounts.--The initial amounts 
                resulting from the calculation under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be adjusted to ensure that each State receives an 
                aggregate apportionment equal to at least 95 percent of 
                the estimated tax payments attributable to highway users 
                in the State paid into the Highway Trust Fund (other 
                than the Mass

[[Page 129 STAT. 1331]]

                Transit Account) in the most recent fiscal year for 
                which data are available.
            ``(2) State apportionment.--On October 1 of fiscal years 
        2016 through 2020, the Secretary shall apportion the sums 
        authorized to be appropriated for expenditure on the national 
        highway performance program under section 119, the surface 
        transportation block grant program under section 133, the 
        highway safety improvement program under section 148, the 
        congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program under 
        section 149, the national highway freight program under section 
        167, and to carry out section 134 in accordance with paragraph 
        (1).''.

    (d) Supplemental Funds.--Section 104 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Supplemental Funds.--
            ``(1) Supplemental funds for national highway performance 
        program.--
                    ``(A) Amount.--Before making an apportionment for a 
                fiscal year under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
                reserve for the national highway performance program 
                under section 119 for that fiscal year an amount equal 
                to--
                          ``(i) $53,596,122 for fiscal year 2019; and
                          ``(ii) $66,717,816 for fiscal year 2020.
                    ``(B) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (A) and apportioned to a State under 
                subsection (c) shall be treated as if apportioned under 
                subsection (b)(1), and shall be in addition to amounts 
                apportioned under that subsection.
            ``(2) Supplemental funds for surface transportation block 
        grant program.--
                    ``(A) Amount.--Before making an apportionment for a 
                fiscal year under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
                reserve for the surface transportation block grant 
                program under section 133 for that fiscal year an amount 
                equal to--
                          ``(i) $835,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                      2016 and 2017 pursuant to section 133(h), plus--
                                    ``(I) $55,426,310 for fiscal year 
                                2016; and
                                    ``(II) $89,289,904 for fiscal year 
                                2017; and
                          ``(ii) $850,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                      2018 through 2020 pursuant to section 133(h), 
                      plus--
                                    ``(I) $118,013,536 for fiscal year 
                                2018;
                                    ``(II) $130,688,367 for fiscal year 
                                2019; and
                                    ``(III) $170,053,448 for fiscal year 
                                2020.
                    ``(B) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (A) and apportioned to a State under 
                subsection (c) shall be treated as if apportioned under 
                subsection (b)(2), and shall be in addition to amounts 
                apportioned under that subsection.

    ``(i) Base Apportionment Defined.--In this section, the term `base 
apportionment' means--
            ``(1) the combined amount authorized for appropriation for 
        the national highway performance program under section 119, the 
        surface transportation block grant program under section 133, 
        the highway safety improvement program under section 148, the 
        congestion mitigation and air quality improvement

[[Page 129 STAT. 1332]]

        program under section 149, the national highway freight program 
        under section 167, and to carry out section 134; minus
            ``(2) supplemental funds reserved under subsection (h) for 
        the national highway performance program and the surface 
        transportation block grant program.''.

    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 104(d)(1)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``subsection (b)(5)'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``paragraphs (5)(D) and (6) of subsection (b)''.
            (2) Section 120(c)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by striking ``or (5)'' and inserting 
                ``(5)(D), or (6)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)(i) by striking ``and (5)'' 
                and inserting ``(5)(D), and (6)''.
            (3) Section 135(i) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 104(b)(5)'' and inserting 
        ``paragraphs (5)(D) and (6) of section 104(b)''.
            (4) Section 136(b) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended in the first sentence by striking ``paragraphs (1) 
        through (5) of section 104(b)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) 
        through (6) of section 104(b)''.
            (5) Section 141(b)(2) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``paragraphs (1) through (5) of section 
        104(b)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) through (6) of section 
        104(b)''.
            (6) Section 505(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
        ``through (4)'' and inserting ``through (5)''.
SEC. 1105. NATIONALLY SIGNIFICANT FREIGHT AND HIGHWAY PROJECTS.

    (a) In General.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 116 the following:
``Sec. 117. <<NOTE: 23 USC 117.>>  Nationally significant freight 
                and highway projects

    ``(a) Establishment.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is established a nationally 
        significant freight and highway projects program to provide 
        financial assistance for projects of national or regional 
        significance.
            ``(2) Goals.--The goals of the program shall be to--
                    ``(A) improve the safety, efficiency, and 
                reliability of the movement of freight and people;
                    ``(B) generate national or regional economic 
                benefits and an increase in the global economic 
                competitiveness of the United States;
                    ``(C) reduce highway congestion and bottlenecks;
                    ``(D) improve connectivity between modes of freight 
                transportation;
                    ``(E) enhance the resiliency of critical highway 
                infrastructure and help protect the environment;
                    ``(F) improve roadways vital to national energy 
                security; and
                    ``(G) address the impact of population growth on the 
                movement of people and freight.

    ``(b) Grant Authority.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1333]]

            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the program established 
        in subsection (a), the Secretary may make grants, on a 
        competitive basis, in accordance with this section.
            ``(2) Grant amount.--Except as otherwise provided, each 
        grant made under this section shall be in an amount that is at 
        least $25,000,000.

    ``(c) Eligible Applicants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make a grant under this 
        section to the following:
                    ``(A) A State or a group of States.
                    ``(B) A metropolitan planning organization that 
                serves an urbanized area (as defined by the Bureau of 
                the Census) with a population of more than 200,000 
                individuals.
                    ``(C) A unit of local government or a group of local 
                governments.
                    ``(D) A political subdivision of a State or local 
                government.
                    ``(E) A special purpose district or public authority 
                with a transportation function, including a port 
                authority.
                    ``(F) A Federal land management agency that applies 
                jointly with a State or group of States.
                    ``(G) A tribal government or a consortium of tribal 
                governments.
                    ``(H) A multistate or multijurisdictional group of 
                entities described in this paragraph.
            ``(2) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
        section, an entity specified in paragraph (1) shall submit to 
        the Secretary an application in such form, at such time, and 
        containing such information as the Secretary determines is 
        appropriate.

    ``(d) Eligible Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (e), the 
        Secretary may make a grant under this section only for a project 
        that--
                    ``(A) is--
                          ``(i) a highway freight project carried out on 
                      the National Highway Freight Network established 
                      under section 167;
                          ``(ii) a highway or bridge project carried out 
                      on the National Highway System, including--
                                    ``(I) a project to add capacity to 
                                the Interstate System to improve 
                                mobility; or
                                    ``(II) a project in a national 
                                scenic area;
                          ``(iii) a freight project that is--
                                    ``(I) a freight intermodal or 
                                freight rail project; or
                                    ``(II) within the boundaries of a 
                                public or private freight rail, water 
                                (including ports), or intermodal 
                                facility and that is a surface 
                                transportation infrastructure project 
                                necessary to facilitate direct 
                                intermodal interchange, transfer, or 
                                access into or out of the facility; or
                          ``(iv) a railway-highway grade crossing or 
                      grade separation project; and
                    ``(B) has eligible project costs that are reasonably 
                anticipated to equal or exceed the lesser of--
                          ``(i) $100,000,000; or

[[Page 129 STAT. 1334]]

                          ``(ii) in the case of a project--
                                    ``(I) located in 1 State, 30 percent 
                                of the amount apportioned under this 
                                chapter to the State in the most 
                                recently completed fiscal year; or
                                    ``(II) located in more than 1 State, 
                                50 percent of the amount apportioned 
                                under this chapter to the participating 
                                State with the largest apportionment 
                                under this chapter in the most recently 
                                completed fiscal year.
            ``(2) Limitation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not more than $500,000,000 of the 
                amounts made available for grants under this section for 
                fiscal years 2016 through 2020, in the aggregate, may be 
                used to make grants for projects described in paragraph 
                (1)(A)(iii) and such a project may only receive a grant 
                under this section if--
                          ``(i) the project will make a significant 
                      improvement to freight movements on the National 
                      Highway Freight Network; and
                          ``(ii) the Federal share of the project funds 
                      only elements of the project that provide public 
                      benefits.
                    ``(B) Exclusions.--The limitation under subparagraph 
                (A)--
                          ``(i) shall not apply to a railway-highway 
                      grade crossing or grade separation project; and
                          ``(ii) with respect to a multimodal project, 
                      shall apply only to the non-highway portion or 
                      portions of the project.

    ``(e) Small Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall reserve 10 percent of 
        the amounts made available for grants under this section each 
        fiscal year to make grants for projects described in subsection 
        (d)(1)(A) that do not satisfy the minimum threshold under 
        subsection (d)(1)(B).
            ``(2) Grant amount.--Each grant made under this subsection 
        shall be in an amount that is at least $5,000,000.
            ``(3) Project selection considerations.--In addition to 
        other applicable requirements, in making grants under this 
        subsection the Secretary shall consider--
                    ``(A) the cost effectiveness of the proposed 
                project; and
                    ``(B) the effect of the proposed project on mobility 
                in the State and region in which the project is carried 
                out.

    ``(f) Eligible Project Costs.--Grant amounts received for a project 
under this section may be used for--
            ``(1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental review, 
        preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities; and
            ``(2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
        acquisition of real property (including land related to the 
        project and improvements to the land), environmental mitigation, 
        construction contingencies, acquisition of equipment, and 
        operational improvements directly related to improving system 
        performance.

    ``(g) Project Requirements.--The Secretary may select a project 
described under this section (other than subsection (e))

[[Page 129 STAT. 1335]]

for funding under this section only if the Secretary determines that--
            ``(1) the project will generate national or regional 
        economic, mobility, or safety benefits;
            ``(2) the project will be cost effective;
            ``(3) the project will contribute to the accomplishment of 1 
        or more of the national goals described under section 150 of 
        this title;
            ``(4) the project is based on the results of preliminary 
        engineering;
            ``(5) with respect to related non-Federal financial 
        commitments--
                    ``(A) 1 or more stable and dependable sources of 
                funding and financing are available to construct, 
                maintain, and operate the project; and
                    ``(B) contingency amounts are available to cover 
                unanticipated cost increases;
            ``(6) the project cannot be easily and efficiently completed 
        without other Federal funding or financial assistance available 
        to the project sponsor; and
            ``(7) the project is reasonably expected to begin 
        construction not later than 18 months after the date of 
        obligation of funds for the project.

    ``(h) Additional Considerations.--In making a grant under this 
section, the Secretary shall consider--
            ``(1) utilization of nontraditional financing, innovative 
        design and construction techniques, or innovative technologies;
            ``(2) utilization of non-Federal contributions; and
            ``(3) contributions to geographic diversity among grant 
        recipients, including the need for a balance between the needs 
        of rural and urban communities.

    ``(i) Rural Areas.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall reserve not less than 
        25 percent of the amounts made available for grants under this 
        section, including the amounts made available under subsection 
        (e), each fiscal year to make grants for projects located in 
        rural areas.
            ``(2) Excess funding.--In any fiscal year in which qualified 
        applications for grants under this subsection will not allow for 
        the amount reserved under paragraph (1) to be fully utilized, 
        the Secretary shall use the unutilized amounts to make other 
        grants under this section.
            ``(3) Rural area defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `rural area' means an area that is outside an urbanized area 
        with a population of over 200,000.

    ``(j) Federal Share.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project assisted with a grant under this section may not exceed 
        60 percent.
            ``(2) Maximum federal involvement.--Federal assistance other 
        than a grant under this section may be used to satisfy the non-
        Federal share of the cost of a project for which such a grant is 
        made, except that the total Federal assistance provided for a 
        project receiving a grant under this section may not exceed 80 
        percent of the total project cost.
            ``(3) Federal land management agencies.--Notwithstanding any 
        other provision of law, any Federal funds other

[[Page 129 STAT. 1336]]

        than those made available under this title or title 49 may be 
        used to pay the non-Federal share of the cost of a project 
        carried out under this section by a Federal land management 
        agency, as described under subsection (c)(1)(F).

    ``(k) Treatment of Freight Projects.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a freight project carried out under this section shall 
be treated as if the project is located on a Federal-aid highway.
    ``(l) TIFIA Program.--At the request of an eligible applicant under 
this section, the Secretary may use amounts awarded to the entity to pay 
subsidy and administrative costs necessary to provide the entity Federal 
credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to the project for which 
the grant was awarded.
    ``(m) Congressional Notification.--
            ``(1) Notification.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At least 60 days before making a 
                grant for a project under this section, the Secretary 
                shall notify, in writing, the Committee on 
                Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Environment and 
                Public Works of the Senate of the proposed grant. The 
                notification shall include an evaluation and 
                justification for the project and the amount of the 
                proposed grant award.
                    ``(B) Multimodal projects.--In addition to the 
                notice required under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall notify the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate before making a grant for a 
                project described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(iii).
            ``(2) Congressional disapproval.--The Secretary may not make 
        a grant or any other obligation or commitment to fund a project 
        under this section if a joint resolution is enacted disapproving 
        funding for the project before the last day of the 60-day period 
        described in paragraph (1).

    ``(n) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual report.--The Secretary shall make available on 
        the Web site of the Department of Transportation at the end of 
        each fiscal year an annual report that lists each project for 
        which a grant has been provided under this section during that 
        fiscal year.
            ``(2) Comptroller general.--
                    ``(A) Assessment.--The Comptroller General of the 
                United States shall conduct an assessment of the 
                administrative establishment, solicitation, selection, 
                and justification process with respect to the funding of 
                grants under this section.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                initial awarding of grants under this section, the 
                Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee on 
                Environment and Public Works of the Senate, the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
                the Senate, and the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report 
                that describes--
                          ``(i) the adequacy and fairness of the process 
                      by which each project was selected, if applicable; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) the justification and criteria used for 
                      the selection of each project, if applicable.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1337]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 101.>>  is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 116 the following:

``117. Nationally significant freight and highway projects.''.

    (c) Repeal.--Section 1301 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 note), and 
the item relating to that section in the table of contents in section 
1(b) of such Act, are repealed.
SEC. 1106. NATIONAL HIGHWAY PERFORMANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 119 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(h) TIFIA Program.--Upon Secretarial approval of credit assistance 
under chapter 6, the Secretary, at the request of a State, may allow the 
State to use funds apportioned under section 104(b)(1) to pay subsidy 
and administrative costs necessary to provide an eligible entity Federal 
credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to a project eligible for 
assistance under this section.
    ``(i) Additional Funding Eligibility for Certain Bridges.--
            ``(1) In general.--Funds apportioned to a State to carry out 
        the national highway performance program may be obligated for a 
        project for the reconstruction, resurfacing, restoration, 
        rehabilitation, or preservation of a bridge not on the National 
        Highway System, if the bridge is on a Federal-aid highway.
            ``(2) Limitation.--A State required to make obligations 
        under subsection (f) shall ensure such requirements are 
        satisfied in order to use the flexibility under paragraph (1).

    ``(j) Critical Infrastructure.--
            ``(1) Critical infrastructure defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term `critical infrastructure' means those facilities the 
        incapacity or failure of which would have a debilitating impact 
        on national or regional economic security, national or regional 
        energy security, national or regional public health or safety, 
        or any combination of those matters.
            ``(2) Consideration.--The asset management plan of a State 
        may include consideration of critical infrastructure from among 
        those facilities in the State that are eligible under subsection 
        (c).
            ``(3) Risk reduction.--A State may use funds apportioned 
        under this section for projects intended to reduce the risk of 
        failure of critical infrastructure in the State.''.
SEC. 1107. EMERGENCY RELIEF FOR FEDERALLY OWNED ROADS.

    (a) Eligibility.--Section 125(d)(3) of title 23, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) projects eligible for assistance under this 
                section located on tribal transportation facilities, 
                Federal lands transportation facilities, or other 
                federally owned roads that are open to public travel (as 
                defined in subsection (e)(1)).''.

    (b) Definitions.--Section 125(e) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1338]]

            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Open to public travel.--The term `open to 
                public travel' means, with respect to a road, that, 
                except during scheduled periods, extreme weather 
                conditions, or emergencies, the road--
                          ``(i) is maintained;
                          ``(ii) is open to the general public; and
                          ``(iii) can accommodate travel by a standard 
                      passenger vehicle, without restrictive gates or 
                      prohibitive signs or regulations, other than for 
                      general traffic control or restrictions based on 
                      size, weight, or class of registration.
                    ``(B) Standard passenger vehicle.--The term 
                `standard passenger vehicle' means a vehicle with 6 
                inches of clearance from the lowest point of the frame, 
                body, suspension, or differential to the ground.''.
SEC. 1108. RAILWAY-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSINGS.

    Section 130(e)(1) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Set aside.--Before making an apportionment 
                under section 104(b)(3) for a fiscal year, the Secretary 
                shall set aside, from amounts made available to carry 
                out the highway safety improvement program under section 
                148 for such fiscal year, for the elimination of hazards 
                and the installation of protective devices at railway-
                highway crossings at least--
                          ``(i) $225,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                          ``(ii) $230,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                          ``(iii) $235,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                          ``(iv) $240,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                          ``(v) $245,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
                    ``(B) Installation of protective devices.--At least 
                \1/2\ of the funds set aside each fiscal year under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be available for the installation 
                of protective devices at railway-highway crossings.
                    ``(C) Obligation availability.--Sums set aside each 
                fiscal year under subparagraph (A) shall be available 
                for obligation in the same manner as funds apportioned 
                under section 104(b)(1).''.
SEC. 1109. <<NOTE: 23 USC 133 note.>>  SURFACE TRANSPORTATION 
                          BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) the benefits of the surface transportation block grant 
        program accrue principally to the residents of each State and 
        municipality where the funds are obligated;
            (2) decisions about how funds should be obligated are best 
        determined by the States and municipalities to respond to unique 
        local circumstances and implement the most efficient solutions; 
        and
            (3) reforms of the program to promote flexibility will 
        enhance State and local control over transportation decisions.

    (b) Surface Transportation Block Grant Program.--Section 133 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) and 
        inserting the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1339]]

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a surface 
transportation block grant program in accordance with this section to 
provide flexible funding to address State and local transportation 
needs.
    ``(b) Eligible Projects.--Funds apportioned to a State under section 
104(b)(2) for the surface transportation block grant program may be 
obligated for the following:
            ``(1) Construction of--
                    ``(A) highways, bridges, tunnels, including 
                designated routes of the Appalachian development highway 
                system and local access roads under section 14501 of 
                title 40;
                    ``(B) ferry boats and terminal facilities eligible 
                for funding under section 129(c);
                    ``(C) transit capital projects eligible for 
                assistance under chapter 53 of title 49;
                    ``(D) infrastructure-based intelligent 
                transportation systems capital improvements;
                    ``(E) truck parking facilities eligible for funding 
                under section 1401 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 137 note); and
                    ``(F) border infrastructure projects eligible for 
                funding under section 1303 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 
                note).
            ``(2) Operational improvements and capital and operating 
        costs for traffic monitoring, management, and control facilities 
        and programs.
            ``(3) Environmental measures eligible under sections 119(g), 
        328, and 329 and transportation control measures listed in 
        section 108(f)(1)(A) (other than clause (xvi) of that section) 
        of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7408(f)(1)(A)).
            ``(4) Highway and transit safety infrastructure improvements 
        and programs, including railway-highway grade crossings.
            ``(5) Fringe and corridor parking facilities and programs in 
        accordance with section 137 and carpool projects in accordance 
        with section 146.
            ``(6) Recreational trails projects eligible for funding 
        under section 206, pedestrian and bicycle projects in accordance 
        with section 217 (including modifications to comply with 
        accessibility requirements under the Americans with Disabilities 
        Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.)), and the safe routes to 
        school program under section 1404 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 402 
        note).
            ``(7) Planning, design, or construction of boulevards and 
        other roadways largely in the right-of-way of former Interstate 
        System routes or other divided highways.
            ``(8) Development and implementation of a State asset 
        management plan for the National Highway System and a 
        performance-based management program for other public roads.
            ``(9) Protection (including painting, scour countermeasures, 
        seismic retrofits, impact protection measures, security 
        countermeasures, and protection against extreme events) for 
        bridges (including approaches to bridges and other elevated 
        structures) and tunnels on public roads, and inspection and 
        evaluation of bridges and tunnels and other highway assets.
            ``(10) Surface transportation planning programs, highway and 
        transit research and development and technology transfer 
        programs, and workforce development, training, and education 
        under chapter 5 of this title.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1340]]

            ``(11) Surface transportation infrastructure modifications 
        to facilitate direct intermodal interchange, transfer, and 
        access into and out of a port terminal.
            ``(12) Projects and strategies designed to support 
        congestion pricing, including electronic toll collection and 
        travel demand management strategies and programs.
            ``(13) At the request of a State, and upon Secretarial 
        approval of credit assistance under chapter 6, subsidy and 
        administrative costs necessary to provide an eligible entity 
        Federal credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to a 
        project eligible for assistance under this section.
            ``(14) The creation and operation by a State of an office to 
        assist in the design, implementation, and oversight of public-
        private partnerships eligible to receive funding under this 
        title and chapter 53 of title 49, and the payment of a stipend 
        to unsuccessful private bidders to offset their proposal 
        development costs, if necessary to encourage robust competition 
        in public-private partnership procurements.
            ``(15) Any type of project eligible under this section as in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of the FAST Act, 
        including projects described under section 101(a)(29) as in 
        effect on such day.

    ``(c) Location of Projects.--A surface transportation block grant 
project may not be undertaken on a road functionally classified as a 
local road or a rural minor collector unless the road was on a Federal-
aid highway system on January 1, 1991, except--
            ``(1) for a bridge or tunnel project (other than the 
        construction of a new bridge or tunnel at a new location);
            ``(2) for a project described in paragraphs (4) through (11) 
        of subsection (b);
            ``(3) for a project described in section 101(a)(29), as in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of the FAST Act; 
        and
            ``(4) as approved by the Secretary.

    ``(d) Allocations of Apportioned Funds to Areas Based on 
Population.--
            ``(1) Calculation.--Of the funds apportioned to a State 
        under section 104(b)(2) (after the reservation of funds under 
        subsection (h))--
                    ``(A) the percentage specified in paragraph (6) for 
                a fiscal year shall be obligated under this section, in 
                proportion to their relative shares of the population of 
                the State--
                          ``(i) in urbanized areas of the State with an 
                      urbanized area population of over 200,000;
                          ``(ii) in areas of the State other than urban 
                      areas with a population greater than 5,000; and
                          ``(iii) in other areas of the State; and
                    ``(B) the remainder may be obligated in any area of 
                the State.
            ``(2) Metropolitan areas.--Funds attributed to an urbanized 
        area under paragraph (1)(A)(i) may be obligated in the 
        metropolitan area established under section 134 that encompasses 
        the urbanized area.
            ``(3) Consultation with regional transportation planning 
        organizations.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(A)(iii), before 
        obligating funding attributed to an area with a population 
        greater than 5,000 and less than 200,000, a State shall

[[Page 129 STAT. 1341]]

        consult with the regional transportation planning organizations 
        that represent the area, if any.
            ``(4) Distribution among urbanized areas of over 200,000 
        population.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the amount of funds that a State is 
                required to obligate under paragraph (1)(A)(i) shall be 
                obligated in urbanized areas described in paragraph 
                (1)(A)(i) based on the relative population of the areas.
                    ``(B) Other factors.--The State may obligate the 
                funds described in subparagraph (A) based on other 
                factors if the State and the relevant metropolitan 
                planning organizations jointly apply to the Secretary 
                for the permission to base the obligation on other 
                factors and the Secretary grants the request.
            ``(5) Applicability of planning requirements.--Programming 
        and expenditure of funds for projects under this section shall 
        be consistent with sections 134 and 135.
            ``(6) Percentage.--The percentage referred to in paragraph 
        (1)(A) is--
                    ``(A) for fiscal year 2016, 51 percent;
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2017, 52 percent;
                    ``(C) for fiscal year 2018, 53 percent;
                    ``(D) for fiscal year 2019, 54 percent; and
                    ``(E) for fiscal year 2020, 55 percent.'';
            (2) by striking the section heading and inserting ``Surface 
        transportation block grant program'';
            (3) by striking subsection (e);
            (4) by redesignating subsections (f) through (h) as 
        subsections (e) through (g), respectively;
            (5) in subsection (e)(1), as redesignated by this 
        subsection--
                    (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``104(b)(2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``fiscal years 2011 through 2014'' 
                and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 2020'';
            (6) in subsection (g)(1), as redesignated by this 
        subsection, by striking ``under subsection (d)(1)(A)(iii) for 
        each of fiscal years 2013 through 2014'' and inserting ``under 
        subsection (d)(1)(A)(ii) for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2020''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(h) STP Set-Aside.--
            ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds apportioned to a 
        State under section 104(b)(2) for each fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall reserve an amount such that--
                    ``(A) the Secretary reserves a total under this 
                subsection of--
                          ``(i) $835,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                      2016 and 2017; and
                          ``(ii) $850,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                      2018 through 2020; and
                    ``(B) the State's share of that total is determined 
                by multiplying the amount under subparagraph (A) by the 
                ratio that--
                          ``(i) the amount apportioned to the State for 
                      the transportation enhancements program for fiscal 
                      year 2009 under section 133(d)(2), as in effect on 
                      the day before the date of enactment of MAP-21; 
                      bears to

[[Page 129 STAT. 1342]]

                          ``(ii) the total amount of funds apportioned 
                      to all States for the transportation enhancements 
                      program for fiscal year 2009.
            ``(2) Allocation within a state.--Funds reserved for a State 
        under paragraph (1) shall be obligated within that State in the 
        manner described in subsection (d), except that, for purposes of 
        this paragraph (after funds are made available under paragraph 
        (5))--
                    ``(A) for each fiscal year, the percentage referred 
                to in paragraph (1)(A) of that subsection shall be 
                deemed to be 50 percent; and
                    ``(B) the following provisions shall not apply:
                          ``(i) Paragraph (3) of subsection (d).
                          ``(ii) Subsection (e).
            ``(3) Eligible projects.--Funds reserved under this 
        subsection may be obligated for projects or activities described 
        in section 101(a)(29) or 213, as such provisions were in effect 
        on the day before the date of enactment of the FAST Act.
            ``(4) Access to funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State or metropolitan planning 
                organization required to obligate funds in accordance 
                with paragraph (2) shall develop a competitive process 
                to allow eligible entities to submit projects for 
                funding that achieve the objectives of this subsection. 
                A metropolitan planning organization for an area 
                described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) shall select 
                projects under such process in consultation with the 
                relevant State.
                    ``(B) Eligible entity defined.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `eligible entity' means--
                          ``(i) a local government;
                          ``(ii) a regional transportation authority;
                          ``(iii) a transit agency;
                          ``(iv) a natural resource or public land 
                      agency;
                          ``(v) a school district, local education 
                      agency, or school;
                          ``(vi) a tribal government;
                          ``(vii) a nonprofit entity responsible for the 
                      administration of local transportation safety 
                      programs; and
                          ``(viii) any other local or regional 
                      governmental entity with responsibility for or 
                      oversight of transportation or recreational trails 
                      (other than a metropolitan planning organization 
                      or a State agency) that the State determines to be 
                      eligible, consistent with the goals of this 
                      subsection.
            ``(5) Continuation of certain recreational trails 
        projects.--For each fiscal year, a State shall--
                    ``(A) obligate an amount of funds reserved under 
                this section equal to the amount of the funds 
                apportioned to the State for fiscal year 2009 under 
                section 104(h)(2), as in effect on the day before the 
                date of enactment of MAP-21, for projects relating to 
                recreational trails under section 206;
                    ``(B) return 1 percent of those funds to the 
                Secretary for the administration of that program; and
                    ``(C) comply with the provisions of the 
                administration of the recreational trails program under 
                section 206,

[[Page 129 STAT. 1343]]

                including the use of apportioned funds described in 
                subsection (d)(3)(A) of that section.
            ``(6) State flexibility.--
                    ``(A) Recreational trails.--A State may opt out of 
                the recreational trails program under paragraph (5) if 
                the Governor of the State notifies the Secretary not 
                later than 30 days prior to apportionments being made 
                for any fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Large urbanized areas.--A metropolitan 
                planning area may use not to exceed 50 percent of the 
                funds reserved under this subsection for an urbanized 
                area described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) for any 
                purpose eligible under subsection (b).
            ``(7) Annual reports.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State or metropolitan 
                planning organization responsible for carrying out the 
                requirements of this subsection shall submit to the 
                Secretary an annual report that describes--
                          ``(i) the number of project applications 
                      received for each fiscal year, including--
                                    ``(I) the aggregate cost of the 
                                projects for which applications are 
                                received; and
                                    ``(II) the types of projects to be 
                                carried out, expressed as percentages of 
                                the total apportionment of the State 
                                under this subsection; and
                          ``(ii) the number of projects selected for 
                      funding for each fiscal year, including the 
                      aggregate cost and location of projects selected.
                    ``(B) Public availability.--The Secretary shall make 
                available to the public, in a user-friendly format on 
                the Web site of the Department of Transportation, a copy 
                of each annual report submitted under subparagraph (A).

    ``(i) Treatment of Projects.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, projects funded under this section (excluding those carried out 
under subsection (h)(5)) shall be treated as projects on a Federal-aid 
highway under this chapter.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 126.--Section 126(b)(2) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``section 213'' and inserting 
                ``section 133(h)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``section 213(c)(1)(B)'' and 
                inserting ``section 133(h)''.
            (2) Section 213.--Section 213 of title 23, United States 
        Code, is repealed.
            (3) Section 322.--Section 322(h)(3) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``surface transportation 
        program'' and inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
        program''.
            (4) Section 504.--Section 504(a)(4) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``104(b)(2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``surface transportation program'' 
                and inserting ``surface transportation block grant 
                program''.
            (5) <<NOTE: 23 USC 108,140, 142,149,165.>>  Chapter 1.--
        Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
        striking ``surface transportation program'' each

[[Page 129 STAT. 1344]]

        place it appears and inserting ``surface transportation block 
        grant program''.
            (6) Chapter analyses.--
                    (A) Chapter 1.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 
                23, United States Code, <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 101.>>  is 
                amended by striking the item relating to section 133 and 
                inserting the following:

``133. Surface transportation block grant program.''.

                    (B) Chapter 2.--The item relating to section 213 in 
                the analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, United States 
                Code, is <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 201.>>  repealed.
            (7) <<NOTE: 23 USC 133 note.>>  Other references.--Any 
        reference in any other law, regulation, document, paper, or 
        other record of the United States to the surface transportation 
        program under section 133 of title 23, United States Code, shall 
        be deemed to be a reference to the surface transportation block 
        grant program under such section.
SEC. 1110. HIGHWAY USE TAX EVASION PROJECTS.

    Section 143(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2)(A) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--From administrative funds made 
                available under section 104(a), the Secretary may deduct 
                such sums as are necessary, not to exceed $4,000,000 for 
                each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020, to carry out 
                this section.'';
            (2) in the heading for paragraph (8) by inserting ``block 
        grant'' after ``surface transportation''; and
            (3) in paragraph (9) by inserting ``, the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works of the Senate'' after ``the Secretary''.
SEC. 1111. BUNDLING OF BRIDGE PROJECTS.

    Section 144 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2)(A) by striking ``the natural 
        condition of the bridge'' and inserting ``the natural condition 
        of the water'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (k);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (i) the following:

    ``(j) Bundling of Bridge Projects.--
            ``(1) Purpose.--The purpose of this subsection is to save 
        costs and time by encouraging States to bundle multiple bridge 
        projects as 1 project.
            ``(2) Eligible entity defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `eligible entity' means an entity eligible to carry out a bridge 
        project under section 119 or 133.
            ``(3) Bundling of bridge projects.--An eligible entity may 
        bundle 2 or more similar bridge projects that are--
                    ``(A) eligible projects under section 119 or 133;
                    ``(B) included as a bundled project in a 
                transportation improvement program under section 134(j) 
                or a statewide transportation improvement program under 
                section 135, as applicable; and
                    ``(C) awarded to a single contractor or consultant 
                pursuant to a contract for engineering and design or 
                construction between the contractor and an eligible 
                entity.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1345]]

            ``(4) Itemization.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law (including regulations), a bundling of bridge projects under 
        this subsection may be listed as--
                    ``(A) 1 project for purposes of sections 134 and 
                135; and
                    ``(B) a single project.
            ``(5) Financial characteristics.--Projects bundled under 
        this subsection shall have the same financial characteristics, 
        including--
                    ``(A) the same funding category or subcategory; and
                    ``(B) the same Federal share.
            ``(6) Engineering cost reimbursement.--The provisions of 
        section 102(b) do not apply to projects carried out under this 
        subsection.''; and
            (4) in subsection (k)(2), as redesignated by paragraph (2) 
        of this section, by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
        ``104(b)(2)''.
SEC. 1112. CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL 
                          FACILITIES.

    (a) Construction of Ferry Boats and Ferry Terminal Facilities.--
Section 147 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the subsection heading, by 
        striking ``In General.--'' and inserting ``Program.--''; and
            (2) by striking subsections (d) through (g) and inserting 
        the following:

    ``(d) Formula.--Of the amounts allocated under subsection (c)--
            ``(1) 35 percent shall be allocated among eligible entities 
        in the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the number of ferry passengers, including 
                passengers in vehicles, carried by each ferry system in 
                the most recent calendar year for which data is 
                available; bears to
                    ``(B) the number of ferry passengers, including 
                passengers in vehicles, carried by all ferry systems in 
                the most recent calendar year for which data is 
                available;
            ``(2) 35 percent shall be allocated among eligible entities 
        in the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the number of vehicles carried by each ferry 
                system in the most recent calendar year for which data 
                is available; bears to
                    ``(B) the number of vehicles carried by all ferry 
                systems in the most recent calendar year for which data 
                is available; and
            ``(3) 30 percent shall be allocated among eligible entities 
        in the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the total route nautical miles serviced by 
                each ferry system in the most recent calendar year for 
                which data is available; bears to
                    ``(B) the total route nautical miles serviced by all 
                ferry systems in the most recent calendar year for which 
                data is available.

    ``(e) Redistribution of Unobligated Amounts.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) withdraw amounts allocated to an eligible entity under 
        subsection (c) that remain unobligated by the end of the third

[[Page 129 STAT. 1346]]

        fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the amounts were 
        allocated; and
            ``(2) in the subsequent fiscal year, redistribute the 
        amounts referred to in paragraph (1) in accordance with the 
        formula under subsection (d) among eligible entities for which 
        no amounts were withdrawn under paragraph (1).

    ``(f) Minimum Amount.--Notwithstanding subsection (c), a State with 
an eligible entity that meets the requirements of this section shall 
receive not less than $100,000 under this section for a fiscal year.
    ``(g) Implementation.--
            ``(1) Data collection.--
                    ``(A) National ferry database.--Amounts made 
                available for a fiscal year under this section shall be 
                allocated using the most recent data available, as 
                collected and imputed in accordance with the national 
                ferry database established under section 1801(e) of 
                SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note).
                    ``(B) Eligibility for funding.--To be eligible to 
                receive funds under subsection (c), data shall have been 
                submitted in the most recent collection of data for the 
                national ferry database under section 1801(e) of 
                SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note) for at least 1 ferry 
                service within the State.
            ``(2) Adjustments.--On review of the data submitted under 
        paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary may make adjustments to the data 
        as the Secretary determines necessary to correct misreported or 
        inconsistent data.

    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) to carry out this section $80,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020.
    ``(i) Period of Availability.--Notwithstanding section 118(b), funds 
made available to carry out this section shall remain available until 
expended.
    ``(j) Applicability.--All provisions of this chapter that are 
applicable to the National Highway System, other than provisions 
relating to apportionment formula and Federal share, shall apply to 
funds made available to carry out this section, except as determined by 
the Secretary to be inconsistent with this section.''.
    (b) National Ferry Database.--Section 1801(e)(4) of SAFETEA-LU (23 
U.S.C. 129 note) is amended by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting 
the following:
                    ``(D) make available, from the amounts made 
                available for each fiscal year to carry out chapter 63 
                of title 49, not more than $500,000 to maintain the 
                database.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 129(c) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), in the first sentence, by inserting 
        ``or on a public transit ferry eligible under chapter 53 of 
        title 49'' after ``Interstate System'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``(3) Such ferry'' and inserting 
                ``(3)(A) The ferry''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Any Federal participation shall not involve the 
        construction or purchase, for private ownership, of a ferry 
        boat,

[[Page 129 STAT. 1347]]

        ferry terminal facility, or other eligible project under this 
        section.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4) by striking ``and repair,'' and 
        inserting ``repair,''; and
            (4) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
            ``(6) The ferry service shall be maintained in accordance 
        with section 116.
            ``(7)(A) No ferry boat or ferry terminal with Federal 
        participation under this title may be sold, leased, or otherwise 
        disposed of, except in accordance with part 200 of title 2, Code 
        of Federal Regulations.
            ``(B) The Federal share of any proceeds from a disposition 
        referred to in subparagraph (A) shall be used for eligible 
        purposes under this title.''.
SEC. 1113. HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 148 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
                      striking ``includes, but is not limited to,'' and 
                      inserting ``only includes''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(xxv) Installation of vehicle-to-
                      infrastructure communication equipment.
                          ``(xxvi) Pedestrian hybrid beacons.
                          ``(xxvii) Roadway improvements that provide 
                      separation between pedestrians and motor vehicles, 
                      including medians and pedestrian crossing islands.
                          ``(xxviii) A physical infrastructure safety 
                      project not described in clauses (i) through 
                      (xxvii).'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (10); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (11) through (13) as 
                paragraphs (10) through (12), respectively;
            (2) in subsection (c)(1)(A) by striking ``subsections 
        (a)(12)'' and inserting ``subsections (a)(11)'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(2)(B)(i) by striking ``subsection 
        (a)(12)'' and inserting ``subsection (a)(11)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(k) Data Collection on Unpaved Public Roads.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State may elect not to collect 
        fundamental data elements for the model inventory of roadway 
        elements on public roads that are gravel roads or otherwise 
        unpaved if--
                    ``(A) the State does not use funds provided to carry 
                out this section for a project on any such roads until 
                the State completes a collection of the required model 
                inventory of roadway elements for the applicable road 
                segment; and
                    ``(B) the State demonstrates that the State 
                consulted with affected Indian tribes before ceasing to 
                collect data with respect to such roads that are 
                included in the National Tribal Transportation Facility 
                Inventory under section 202(b)(1) of this title.
            ``(2) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection may 
        be construed to allow a State to cease data collection related 
        to serious injuries or fatalities.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1348]]

    (b) Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Best Practices.--
            (1) Review.--The Secretary shall conduct a review of best 
        practices with respect to the implementation of roadway safety 
        infrastructure improvements that--
                    (A) are cost effective; and
                    (B) reduce the number or severity of accidents 
                involving commercial motor vehicles.
            (2) Consultation.--In conducting the review under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall consult with State transportation 
        departments and units of local government.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works of the Senate a report describing the results of the 
        review conducted under paragraph (1).
SEC. 1114. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT 
                          PROGRAM.

    Section 149 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A)(i)(I) by inserting ``in the 
                designated nonattainment area'' after ``air quality 
                standard'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3) by inserting ``or maintenance'' 
                after ``likely to contribute to the attainment'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4) by striking ``attainment of'' 
                and inserting ``attainment or maintenance in the area 
                of'';
                    (D) in paragraph (7) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                    (E) in paragraph (8)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                subclause (I) by inserting ``or port-
                                related freight operations'' after 
                                ``construction projects''; and
                                    (II) in subclause (II) by inserting 
                                ``or chapter 53 of title 49'' after 
                                ``this title''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) if the project or program is for the installation of 
        vehicle-to-infrastructure communication equipment.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2) by inserting ``(giving priority to 
        corridors designated under section 151)'' after ``at any 
        location in the State'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1)(B) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(B) is eligible under the surface transportation 
                block grant program under section 133.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i) by inserting ``would otherwise be 
                                eligible under subsection (b) if the 
                                project were carried out in a 
                                nonattainment or maintenance area or'' 
                                after ``may use for any project that''; 
                                and
                                    (II) in clause (i) by striking 
                                ``paragraph (l)'' and inserting 
                                ``subsection (k)(1)''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1349]]

                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i) by striking ``MAP-
                      21t'' and inserting ``MAP-21''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3) by inserting ``, in a manner 
                consistent with the approach that was in effect on the 
                day before the date of enactment of MAP-21,'' after 
                ``the Secretary shall modify'';
            (4) in subsection (g)(2)(B) by striking ``not later that'' 
        and inserting ``not later than'';
            (5) in subsection (k) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) PM2.5 nonattainment and maintenance in low population 
        density states.--
                    ``(A) Exception.--In any State with a population 
                density of 80 or fewer persons per square mile of land 
                area, based on the most recent decennial census, the 
                requirements under subsection (g)(3) and paragraphs (1) 
                and (2) of this subsection shall not apply to a 
                nonattainment or maintenance area in the State if--
                          ``(i) the nonattainment or maintenance area 
                      does not have projects that are part of the 
                      emissions analysis of a metropolitan 
                      transportation plan or transportation improvement 
                      program; and
                          ``(ii) regional motor vehicle emissions are an 
                      insignificant contributor to the air quality 
                      problem for PM2.5 in the nonattainment or 
                      maintenance area.
                    ``(B) Calculation.--If subparagraph (A) applies to a 
                nonattainment or maintenance area in a State, the 
                percentage of the PM2.5 set-aside under paragraph (1) 
                shall be reduced for that State proportionately based on 
                the weighted population of the area in fine particulate 
                matter nonattainment.
            ``(4) Port-related equipment and vehicles.--To meet the 
        requirements under paragraph (1), a State or metropolitan 
        planning organization may elect to obligate funds to the most 
        cost-effective projects to reduce emissions from port-related 
        landside nonroad or on-road equipment that is operated within 
        the boundaries of a PM2.5 nonattainment or maintenance area.'';
            (6) in subsection (l)(1)(B) by inserting ``air quality and 
        traffic congestion'' before ``performance targets''; and
            (7) in subsection (m) by striking ``section 104(b)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``section 104(b)(4)''.
SEC. 1115. TERRITORIAL AND PUERTO RICO HIGHWAY PROGRAM.

    Section 165(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by striking ``$150,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$158,000,000''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2) by striking ``$40,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$42,000,000''.
SEC. 1116. NATIONAL HIGHWAY FREIGHT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 167 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 167. National highway freight program

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to 
        improve the condition and performance of the National Highway 
        Freight Network established under this section to ensure that

[[Page 129 STAT. 1350]]

        the Network provides the foundation for the United States to 
        compete in the global economy and achieve the goals described in 
        subsection (b).
            ``(2) Establishment.--In support of the goals described in 
        subsection (b), the Administrator of the Federal Highway 
        Administration shall establish a national highway freight 
        program in accordance with this section to improve the efficient 
        movement of freight on the National Highway Freight Network.

    ``(b) Goals.--The goals of the national highway freight program 
are--
            ``(1) to invest in infrastructure improvements and to 
        implement operational improvements on the highways of the United 
        States that--
                    ``(A) strengthen the contribution of the National 
                Highway Freight Network to the economic competitiveness 
                of the United States;
                    ``(B) reduce congestion and bottlenecks on the 
                National Highway Freight Network;
                    ``(C) reduce the cost of freight transportation;
                    ``(D) improve the year-round reliability of freight 
                transportation; and
                    ``(E) increase productivity, particularly for 
                domestic industries and businesses that create high-
                value jobs;
            ``(2) to improve the safety, security, efficiency, and 
        resiliency of freight transportation in rural and urban areas;
            ``(3) to improve the state of good repair of the National 
        Highway Freight Network;
            ``(4) to use innovation and advanced technology to improve 
        the safety, efficiency, and reliability of the National Highway 
        Freight Network;
            ``(5) to improve the efficiency and productivity of the 
        National Highway Freight Network;
            ``(6) to improve the flexibility of States to support multi-
        State corridor planning and the creation of multi-State 
        organizations to increase the ability of States to address 
        highway freight connectivity; and
            ``(7) to reduce the environmental impacts of freight 
        movement on the National Highway Freight Network.

    ``(c) Establishment of National Highway Freight Network.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Administrator shall establish a 
        National Highway Freight Network in accordance with this section 
        to strategically direct Federal resources and policies toward 
        improved performance of the Network.
            ``(2) Network components.--The National Highway Freight 
        Network shall consist of--
                    ``(A) the primary highway freight system, as 
                designated under subsection (d);
                    ``(B) critical rural freight corridors established 
                under subsection (e);
                    ``(C) critical urban freight corridors established 
                under subsection (f); and
                    ``(D) the portions of the Interstate System not 
                designated as part of the primary highway freight 
                system.

    ``(d) Designation and Redesignation of the Primary Highway Freight 
System.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1351]]

            ``(1) Initial designation of primary highway freight 
        system.--The initial designation of the primary highway freight 
        system shall be the 41,518-mile network identified during the 
        designation process for the primary freight network under 
        section 167(d) of this title, as in effect on the day before the 
        date of enactment of the FAST Act.
            ``(2) Redesignation of primary highway freight system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Beginning 5 years after the date 
                of enactment of the FAST Act, and every 5 years 
                thereafter, using the designation factors described in 
                subparagraph (E), the Administrator shall redesignate 
                the primary highway freight system.
                    ``(B) Redesignation mileage.--Each redesignation may 
                increase the mileage on the primary highway freight 
                system by not more than 3 percent of the total mileage 
                of the system.
                    ``(C) Use of measurable data.--In redesignating the 
                primary highway freight system, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, the Administrator shall use measurable data 
                to assess the significance of goods movement, including 
                consideration of points of origin, destinations, and 
                linking components of the United States global and 
                domestic supply chains.
                    ``(D) Input.--In redesignating the primary highway 
                freight system, the Administrator shall provide an 
                opportunity for State freight advisory committees, as 
                applicable, to submit additional miles for 
                consideration.
                    ``(E) Factors for redesignation.--In redesignating 
                the primary highway freight system, the Administrator 
                shall consider--
                          ``(i) changes in the origins and destinations 
                      of freight movement in, to, and from the United 
                      States;
                          ``(ii) changes in the percentage of annual 
                      daily truck traffic in the annual average daily 
                      traffic on principal arterials;
                          ``(iii) changes in the location of key 
                      facilities;
                          ``(iv) land and water ports of entry;
                          ``(v) access to energy exploration, 
                      development, installation, or production areas;
                          ``(vi) access to other freight intermodal 
                      facilities, including rail, air, water, and 
                      pipelines facilities;
                          ``(vii) the total freight tonnage and value 
                      moved via highways;
                          ``(viii) significant freight bottlenecks, as 
                      identified by the Administrator;
                          ``(ix) the significance of goods movement on 
                      principal arterials, including consideration of 
                      global and domestic supply chains;
                          ``(x) critical emerging freight corridors and 
                      critical commerce corridors; and
                          ``(xi) network connectivity.

    ``(e) Critical Rural Freight Corridors.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State may designate a public road 
        within the borders of the State as a critical rural freight 
        corridor if the public road is not in an urbanized area and--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1352]]

                    ``(A) is a rural principal arterial roadway and has 
                a minimum of 25 percent of the annual average daily 
                traffic of the road measured in passenger vehicle 
                equivalent units from trucks (Federal Highway 
                Administration vehicle class 8 to 13);
                    ``(B) provides access to energy exploration, 
                development, installation, or production areas;
                    ``(C) connects the primary highway freight system, a 
                roadway described in subparagraph (A) or (B), or the 
                Interstate System to facilities that handle more than--
                          ``(i) 50,000 20-foot equivalent units per 
                      year; or
                          ``(ii) 500,000 tons per year of bulk 
                      commodities;
                    ``(D) provides access to--
                          ``(i) a grain elevator;
                          ``(ii) an agricultural facility;
                          ``(iii) a mining facility;
                          ``(iv) a forestry facility; or
                          ``(v) an intermodal facility;
                    ``(E) connects to an international port of entry;
                    ``(F) provides access to significant air, rail, 
                water, or other freight facilities in the State; or
                    ``(G) is, in the determination of the State, vital 
                to improving the efficient movement of freight of 
                importance to the economy of the State.
            ``(2) Limitation.--A State may designate as critical rural 
        freight corridors a maximum of 150 miles of highway or 20 
        percent of the primary highway freight system mileage in the 
        State, whichever is greater.

    ``(f) Critical Urban Freight Corridors.--
            ``(1) Urbanized area with population of 500,000 or more.--In 
        an urbanized area with a population of 500,000 or more 
        individuals, the representative metropolitan planning 
        organization, in consultation with the State, may designate a 
        public road within the borders of that area of the State as a 
        critical urban freight corridor.
            ``(2) Urbanized area with a population less than 500,000.--
        In an urbanized area with a population of less than 500,000 
        individuals, the State, in consultation with the representative 
        metropolitan planning organization, may designate a public road 
        within the borders of that area of the State as a critical urban 
        freight corridor.
            ``(3) Requirements for designation.--A designation may be 
        made under paragraph (1) or (2) if the public road--
                    ``(A) is in an urbanized area, regardless of 
                population; and
                    ``(B)(i) connects an intermodal facility to--
                          ``(I) the primary highway freight system;
                          ``(II) the Interstate System; or
                          ``(III) an intermodal freight facility;
                    ``(ii) is located within a corridor of a route on 
                the primary highway freight system and provides an 
                alternative highway option important to goods movement;
                    ``(iii) serves a major freight generator, logistic 
                center, or manufacturing and warehouse industrial land; 
                or
                    ``(iv) is important to the movement of freight 
                within the region, as determined by the metropolitan 
                planning organization or the State.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1353]]

            ``(4) Limitation.--For each State, a maximum of 75 miles of 
        highway or 10 percent of the primary highway freight system 
        mileage in the State, whichever is greater, may be designated as 
        a critical urban freight corridor under paragraphs (1) and (2).

    ``(g) Designation and Certification.--
            ``(1) Designation.--States and metropolitan planning 
        organizations may designate corridors under subsections (e) and 
        (f) and submit the designated corridors to the Administrator on 
        a rolling basis.
            ``(2) Certification.--Each State or metropolitan planning 
        organization that designates a corridor under subsection (e) or 
        (f) shall certify to the Administrator that the designated 
        corridor meets the requirements of the applicable subsection.

    ``(h) Highway Freight Transportation Conditions and Performance 
Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the FAST 
Act, and biennially thereafter, the Administrator shall prepare and 
submit to Congress a report that describes the conditions and 
performance of the National Highway Freight Network in the United 
States.
    ``(i) Use of Apportioned Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State shall obligate funds apportioned 
        to the State under section 104(b)(5) to improve the movement of 
        freight on the National Highway Freight Network.
            ``(2) Formula.--The Administrator shall calculate for each 
        State the proportion that--
                    ``(A) the total mileage in the State designated as 
                part of the primary highway freight system; bears to
                    ``(B) the total mileage of the primary highway 
                freight system in all States.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--
                    ``(A) States with high primary highway freight 
                system mileage.--If the proportion of a State under 
                paragraph (2) is greater than or equal to 2 percent, the 
                State may obligate funds apportioned to the State under 
                section 104(b)(5) for projects on--
                          ``(i) the primary highway freight system;
                          ``(ii) critical rural freight corridors; and
                          ``(iii) critical urban freight corridors.
                    ``(B) States with low primary highway freight system 
                mileage.--If the proportion of a State under paragraph 
                (2) is less than 2 percent, the State may obligate funds 
                apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(5) for 
                projects on any component of the National Highway 
                Freight Network.
            ``(4) Freight planning.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, effective beginning 2 years after the date of enactment 
        of the FAST Act, a State may not obligate funds apportioned to 
        the State under section 104(b)(5) unless the State has developed 
        a freight plan in accordance with section 70202 of title 49, 
        except that the multimodal component of the plan may be 
        incomplete before an obligation may be made under this section.
            ``(5) Eligibility.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in this 
                subsection, for a project to be eligible for funding 
                under this section the project shall--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1354]]

                          ``(i) contribute to the efficient movement of 
                      freight on the National Highway Freight Network; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) be identified in a freight investment 
                      plan included in a freight plan of the State that 
                      is in effect.
                    ``(B) Other projects.--For each fiscal year, a State 
                may obligate not more than 10 percent of the total 
                apportionment of the State under section 104(b)(5) for 
                freight intermodal or freight rail projects, including 
                projects--
                          ``(i) within the boundaries of public or 
                      private freight rail or water facilities 
                      (including ports); and
                          ``(ii) that provide surface transportation 
                      infrastructure necessary to facilitate direct 
                      intermodal interchange, transfer, and access into 
                      or out of the facility.
                    ``(C) Eligible projects.--Funds apportioned to the 
                State under section 104(b)(5) for the national highway 
                freight program may be obligated to carry out 1 or more 
                of the following:
                          ``(i) Development phase activities, including 
                      planning, feasibility analysis, revenue 
                      forecasting, environmental review, preliminary 
                      engineering and design work, and other 
                      preconstruction activities.
                          ``(ii) Construction, reconstruction, 
                      rehabilitation, acquisition of real property 
                      (including land relating to the project and 
                      improvements to land), construction contingencies, 
                      acquisition of equipment, and operational 
                      improvements directly relating to improving system 
                      performance.
                          ``(iii) Intelligent transportation systems and 
                      other technology to improve the flow of freight, 
                      including intelligent freight transportation 
                      systems.
                          ``(iv) Efforts to reduce the environmental 
                      impacts of freight movement.
                          ``(v) Environmental and community mitigation 
                      for freight movement.
                          ``(vi) Railway-highway grade separation.
                          ``(vii) Geometric improvements to interchanges 
                      and ramps.
                          ``(viii) Truck-only lanes.
                          ``(ix) Climbing and runaway truck lanes.
                          ``(x) Adding or widening of shoulders.
                          ``(xi) Truck parking facilities eligible for 
                      funding under section 1401 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 
                      137 note).
                          ``(xii) Real-time traffic, truck parking, 
                      roadway condition, and multimodal transportation 
                      information systems.
                          ``(xiii) Electronic screening and 
                      credentialing systems for vehicles, including 
                      weigh-in-motion truck inspection technologies.
                          ``(xiv) Traffic signal optimization, including 
                      synchronized and adaptive signals.
                          ``(xv) Work zone management and information 
                      systems.
                          ``(xvi) Highway ramp metering.
                          ``(xvii) Electronic cargo and border security 
                      technologies that improve truck freight movement.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1355]]

                          ``(xviii) Intelligent transportation systems 
                      that would increase truck freight efficiencies 
                      inside the boundaries of intermodal facilities.
                          ``(xix) Additional road capacity to address 
                      highway freight bottlenecks.
                          ``(xx) Physical separation of passenger 
                      vehicles from commercial motor freight.
                          ``(xxi) Enhancement of the resiliency of 
                      critical highway infrastructure, including highway 
                      infrastructure that supports national energy 
                      security, to improve the flow of freight.
                          ``(xxii) A highway or bridge project, other 
                      than a project described in clauses (i) through 
                      (xxi), to improve the flow of freight on the 
                      National Highway Freight Network.
                          ``(xxiii) Any other surface transportation 
                      project to improve the flow of freight into and 
                      out of a facility described in subparagraph (B).
            ``(6) Other eligible costs.--In addition to the eligible 
        projects identified in paragraph (5), a State may use funds 
        apportioned under section 104(b)(5) for--
                    ``(A) carrying out diesel retrofit or alternative 
                fuel projects under section 149 for class 8 vehicles; 
                and
                    ``(B) the necessary costs of--
                          ``(i) conducting analyses and data collection 
                      related to the national highway freight program;
                          ``(ii) developing and updating performance 
                      targets to carry out this section; and
                          ``(iii) reporting to the Administrator to 
                      comply with the freight performance target under 
                      section 150.
            ``(7) Applicability of planning requirements.--Programming 
        and expenditure of funds for projects under this section shall 
        be consistent with the requirements of sections 134 and 135.

    ``(j) State Performance Targets.--If the Administrator determines 
that a State has not met or made significant progress toward meeting the 
performance targets related to freight movement of the State established 
under section 150(d) by the date that is 2 years after the date of the 
establishment of the performance targets, the State shall include in the 
next report submitted under section 150(e) a description of the actions 
the State will undertake to achieve the targets, including--
            ``(1) an identification of significant freight system 
        trends, needs, and issues within the State;
            ``(2) a description of the freight policies and strategies 
        that will guide the freight-related transportation investments 
        of the State;
            ``(3) an inventory of freight bottlenecks within the State 
        and a description of the ways in which the State is allocating 
        national highway freight program funds to improve those 
        bottlenecks; and
            ``(4) a description of the actions the State will undertake 
        to meet the performance targets of the State.

    ``(k) Intelligent Freight Transportation System.--
            ``(1) Definition of intelligent freight transportation 
        system.--In this section, the term `intelligent freight 
        transportation system' means--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1356]]

                    ``(A) innovative or intelligent technological 
                transportation systems, infrastructure, or facilities, 
                including elevated freight transportation facilities--
                          ``(i) in proximity to, or within, an existing 
                      right of way on a Federal-aid highway; or
                          ``(ii) that connect land ports-of entry to 
                      existing Federal-aid highways; or
                    ``(B) communications or information processing 
                systems that improve the efficiency, security, or safety 
                of freight movements on the Federal-aid highway system, 
                including to improve the conveyance of freight on 
                dedicated intelligent freight lanes.
            ``(2) Operating standards.--The Administrator shall 
        determine whether there is a need for establishing operating 
        standards for intelligent freight transportation systems.

    ``(l) Treatment of Freight Projects.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, a freight project carried out under this section shall 
be treated as if the project were on a Federal-aid highway.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 101.>>  is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 167 and inserting the following:

``167. National highway freight program.''.

    (c) Repeals.--Sections 1116, 1117, and 1118 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 167 
note), and the items relating to such sections in the table of contents 
in section 1(c) of such Act, are repealed.
SEC. 1117. FEDERAL LANDS AND TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Tribal Data Collection.--Section 201(c)(6) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Tribal data collection.--In addition to the 
                data to be collected under subparagraph (A), not later 
                than 90 days after the last day of each fiscal year, any 
                entity carrying out a project under the tribal 
                transportation program under section 202 shall submit to 
                the Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior, based 
                on obligations and expenditures under the tribal 
                transportation program during the preceding fiscal year, 
                the following data:
                          ``(i) The names of projects and activities 
                      carried out by the entity under the tribal 
                      transportation program during the preceding fiscal 
                      year.
                          ``(ii) A description of the projects and 
                      activities identified under clause (i).
                          ``(iii) The current status of the projects and 
                      activities identified under clause (i).
                          ``(iv) An estimate of the number of jobs 
                      created and the number of jobs retained by the 
                      projects and activities identified under clause 
                      (i).''.

    (b) Report on Tribal Government Transportation Safety Data.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
                    (A) in many States, the Native American population 
                is disproportionately represented in fatalities and 
                crash statistics;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1357]]

                    (B) improved crash reporting by tribal law 
                enforcement agencies would facilitate safety planning 
                and would enable Indian tribes to apply more 
                successfully for State and Federal funds for safety 
                improvements;
                    (C) the causes of underreporting of crashes on 
                Indian reservations include--
                          (i) tribal law enforcement capacity, 
                      including--
                                    (I) staffing shortages and turnover; 
                                and
                                    (II) lack of equipment, software, 
                                and training; and
                          (ii) lack of standardization in crash 
                      reporting forms and protocols; and
                    (D) without more accurate reporting of crashes on 
                Indian reservations, it is difficult or impossible to 
                fully understand the nature of the problem and develop 
                appropriate countermeasures, which may include effective 
                transportation safety planning and programs aimed at--
                          (i) driving under the influence (DUI) 
                      prevention;
                          (ii) pedestrian safety;
                          (iii) roadway safety improvements;
                          (iv) seat belt usage; and
                          (v) proper use of child restraints.
            (2) Report to congress.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, after 
                consultation with the Secretary of Interior, the 
                Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Attorney 
                General, and Indian tribes, shall submit to the 
                Committee on Environment and Public Works and the 
                Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the 
                Committee on Natural Resources of the House of 
                Representatives a report describing the quality of 
                transportation safety data collected by States, 
                counties, and Indian tribes for transportation safety 
                systems and the relevance of that data to improving the 
                collection and sharing of data on crashes on Indian 
                reservations.
                    (B) Purposes.--The purposes of the report are--
                          (i) to improve the collection and sharing of 
                      data on crashes on Indian reservations; and
                          (ii) to develop data that Indian tribes can 
                      use to recover damages to tribal property caused 
                      by motorists.
                    (C) Paperless data reporting.--In preparing the 
                report, the Secretary shall provide States, counties, 
                and Indian tribes with options and best practices for 
                transition to a paperless transportation safety data 
                reporting system that--
                          (i) improves the collection of crash reports;
                          (ii) stores, archives, queries, and shares 
                      crash records; and
                          (iii) uses data exclusively--
                                    (I) to address traffic safety issues 
                                on Indian reservations; and
                                    (II) to identify and improve problem 
                                areas on public roads on Indian 
                                reservations.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1358]]

                    (D) Additional budgetary resources.--The Secretary 
                shall include in the report the identification of 
                Federal transportation funds provided to Indian tribes 
                by agencies in addition to the Department and the 
                Department of the Interior.

    (c) Study on Bureau of Indian Affairs Road Safety.--Not later than 2 
years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Interior, the Attorney General, 
States, and Indian tribes shall--
            (1) complete a study that identifies and evaluates options 
        for improving safety on public roads on Indian reservations; and
            (2) submit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works 
        and the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee 
        on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives a report 
        describing the results of the study.
SEC. 1118. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM AMENDMENT.

    Section 202 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(6) by striking ``6 percent'' and 
        inserting ``5 percent''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(2) in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A) by striking ``2 percent'' and inserting ``3 
        percent''.
SEC. 1119. FEDERAL LANDS TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

    Section 203 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``operation'' 
                and inserting ``capital, operations,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``subparagraph 
                (A)(iv)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A)(iv)(I)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (iv) by striking ``and'' at the 
                      end;
                          (ii) in clause (v) by striking the period at 
                      the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(vi) the Bureau of Reclamation; and
                          ``(vii) independent Federal agencies with 
                      natural resource and land management 
                      responsibilities.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i) by 
                      inserting ``performance management, including'' 
                      after ``support''; and
                          (ii) in clause (i)(II) by striking ``, and'' 
                      and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)(2)(B) by adding at the end the 
        following:
                          ``(vi) The Bureau of Reclamation.''.
SEC. 1120. FEDERAL LANDS PROGRAMMATIC ACTIVITIES.

    Section 201(c) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                    (A) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as 
                subclauses (I) and (II), respectively (and by moving the 
                subclauses 2 ems to the right);

[[Page 129 STAT. 1359]]

                    (B) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so 
                redesignated), by striking ``The Secretaries'' and 
                inserting the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretaries'';
                    (C) by inserting a period after ``tribal 
                transportation program''; and
                    (D) by striking ``in accordance with'' and all that 
                follows through ``including--'' and inserting the 
                following:
                          ``(ii) Requirement.--Data collected to 
                      implement the tribal transportation program shall 
                      be in accordance with the Indian Self-
                      Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
                      U.S.C. 450 et seq.).
                          ``(iii) Inclusions.--Data collected under this 
                      paragraph includes--''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the following--
            ``(7) Cooperative research and technology deployment.--The 
        Secretary may conduct cooperative research and technology 
        deployment in coordination with Federal land management 
        agencies, as determined appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(8) Funding.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To carry out the activities 
                described in this subsection for Federal lands 
                transportation facilities, Federal lands access 
                transportation facilities, and other federally owned 
                roads open to public travel (as that term is defined in 
                section 125(e)), the Secretary shall for each fiscal 
                year combine and use not greater than 5 percent of the 
                funds authorized for programs under sections 203 and 
                204.
                    ``(B) Other activities.--In addition to the 
                activities described in subparagraph (A), funds 
                described under that subparagraph may be used for--
                          ``(i) bridge inspections on any federally 
                      owned bridge even if that bridge is not included 
                      on the inventory described under section 203; and
                          ``(ii) transportation planning activities 
                      carried out by Federal land management agencies 
                      eligible for funding under this chapter.''.
SEC. 1121. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION SELF-GOVERNANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 206 the following:
``Sec. 207. <<NOTE: 23 USC 207.>>  Tribal transportation self-
                governance program

    ``(a) Establishment.--Subject to the requirements of this section, 
the Secretary shall establish and carry out a program to be known as the 
tribal transportation self-governance program. The Secretary may 
delegate responsibilities for administration of the program as the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), an 
        Indian tribe shall be eligible to participate in the program if 
        the Indian tribe requests participation in the program by 
        resolution or other official action by the governing body of the 
        Indian tribe, and demonstrates, for the preceding 3 fiscal 
        years, financial stability and financial management capability, 
        and transportation program management capability.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1360]]

            ``(2) Criteria for determining financial stability and 
        financial management capacity.--For the purposes of paragraph 
        (1), evidence that, during the preceding 3 fiscal years, an 
        Indian tribe had no uncorrected significant and material audit 
        exceptions in the required annual audit of the Indian tribe's 
        self-determination contracts or self-governance funding 
        agreements with any Federal agency shall be conclusive evidence 
        of the required financial stability and financial management 
        capability.
            ``(3) Criteria for determining transportation program 
        management capability.--The Secretary shall require an Indian 
        tribe to demonstrate transportation program management 
        capability, including the capability to manage and complete 
        projects eligible under this title and projects eligible under 
        chapter 53 of title 49, to gain eligibility for the program.

    ``(c) Compacts.--
            ``(1) Compact required.--Upon the request of an eligible 
        Indian tribe, and subject to the requirements of this section, 
        the Secretary shall negotiate and enter into a written compact 
        with the Indian tribe for the purpose of providing for the 
        participation of the Indian tribe in the program.
            ``(2) Contents.--A compact entered into under paragraph (1) 
        shall set forth the general terms of the government-to-
        government relationship between the Indian tribe and the United 
        States under the program and other terms that will continue to 
        apply in future fiscal years.
            ``(3) Amendments.--A compact entered into with an Indian 
        tribe under paragraph (1) may be amended only by mutual 
        agreement of the Indian tribe and the Secretary.

    ``(d) Annual Funding Agreements.--
            ``(1) Funding agreement required.--After entering into a 
        compact with an Indian tribe under subsection (c), the Secretary 
        shall negotiate and enter into a written annual funding 
        agreement with the Indian tribe.
            ``(2) Contents.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Formula funding and discretionary 
                      grants.--A funding agreement entered into with an 
                      Indian tribe shall authorize the Indian tribe, as 
                      determined by the Indian tribe, to plan, conduct, 
                      consolidate, administer, and receive full tribal 
                      share funding, tribal transit formula funding, and 
                      funding to tribes from discretionary and 
                      competitive grants administered by the Department 
                      for all programs, services, functions, and 
                      activities (or portions thereof) that are made 
                      available to Indian tribes to carry out tribal 
                      transportation programs and programs, services, 
                      functions, and activities (or portions thereof) 
                      administered by the Secretary that are otherwise 
                      available to Indian tribes.
                          ``(ii) Transfers of state funds.--
                                    ``(I) Inclusion of transferred funds 
                                in funding agreement.--A funding 
                                agreement entered into with an Indian 
                                tribe shall include Federal-aid funds 
                                apportioned to a State under chapter 1 
                                if the State elects to provide a portion 
                                of such funds to the Indian tribe for a 
                                project eligible under section 202(a). 
                                The provisions of this

[[Page 129 STAT. 1361]]

                                section shall be in addition to the 
                                methods for making funding contributions 
                                described in section 202(a)(9). Nothing 
                                in this section shall diminish the 
                                authority of the Secretary to provide 
                                funds to an Indian tribe under section 
                                202(a)(9).
                                    ``(II) Method for transfers.--If a 
                                State elects to provide funds described 
                                in subclause (I) to an Indian tribe--
                                            ``(aa) the transfer may 
                                        occur in accordance with section 
                                        202(a)(9); or
                                            ``(bb) the State shall 
                                        transfer the funds back to the 
                                        Secretary and the Secretary 
                                        shall transfer the funds to the 
                                        Indian tribe in accordance with 
                                        this section.
                                    ``(III) Responsibility for 
                                transferred funds.--Notwithstanding any 
                                other provision of law, if a State 
                                provides funds described in subclause 
                                (I) to an Indian tribe--
                                            ``(aa) the State shall not 
                                        be responsible for constructing 
                                        or maintaining a project carried 
                                        out using the funds or for 
                                        administering or supervising the 
                                        project or funds during the 
                                        applicable statute of 
                                        limitations period related to 
                                        the construction of the project; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) the Indian tribe 
                                        shall be responsible for 
                                        constructing and maintaining a 
                                        project carried out using the 
                                        funds and for administering and 
                                        supervising the project and 
                                        funds in accordance with this 
                                        section during the applicable 
                                        statute of limitations period 
                                        related to the construction of 
                                        the project.
                    ``(B) Administration of tribal shares.--The tribal 
                shares referred to in subparagraph (A) shall be provided 
                without regard to the agency or office of the Department 
                within which the program, service, function, or activity 
                (or portion thereof) is performed.
                    ``(C) Flexible and innovative financing.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A funding agreement entered 
                      into with an Indian tribe under paragraph (1) 
                      shall include provisions pertaining to flexible 
                      and innovative financing if agreed upon by the 
                      parties.
                          ``(ii) Terms and conditions.--
                                    ``(I) Authority to issue 
                                regulations.--The Secretary may issue 
                                regulations to establish the terms and 
                                conditions relating to the flexible and 
                                innovative financing provisions referred 
                                to in clause (i).
                                    ``(II) Terms and conditions in 
                                absence of regulations.--If the 
                                Secretary does not issue regulations 
                                under subclause (I), the terms and 
                                conditions relating to the flexible and 
                                innovative financing provisions referred 
                                to in clause (i) shall be consistent 
                                with--
                                            ``(aa) agreements entered 
                                        into by the Department under--
                                                ``(AA) section 
                                            202(b)(7); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1362]]

                                                ``(BB) section 
                                            202(d)(5), as in effect 
                                            before the date of enactment 
                                            of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-
                                            141); or
                                            ``(bb) regulations of the 
                                        Department of the Interior 
                                        relating to flexible financing 
                                        contained in part 170 of title 
                                        25, Code of Federal Regulations, 
                                        as in effect on the date of 
                                        enactment of the FAST Act.
            ``(3) Terms.--A funding agreement shall set forth--
                    ``(A) terms that generally identify the programs, 
                services, functions, and activities (or portions 
                thereof) to be performed or administered by the Indian 
                tribe; and
                    ``(B) for items identified in subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) the general budget category assigned;
                          ``(ii) the funds to be provided, including 
                      those funds to be provided on a recurring basis;
                          ``(iii) the time and method of transfer of the 
                      funds;
                          ``(iv) the responsibilities of the Secretary 
                      and the Indian tribe; and
                          ``(v) any other provision agreed to by the 
                      Indian tribe and the Secretary.
            ``(4) Subsequent funding agreements.--
                    ``(A) Applicability of existing agreement.--Absent 
                notification from an Indian tribe that the Indian tribe 
                is withdrawing from or retroceding the operation of 1 or 
                more programs, services, functions, or activities (or 
                portions thereof) identified in a funding agreement, or 
                unless otherwise agreed to by the parties, each funding 
                agreement shall remain in full force and effect until a 
                subsequent funding agreement is executed.
                    ``(B) Effective date of subsequent agreement.--The 
                terms of the subsequent funding agreement shall be 
                retroactive to the end of the term of the preceding 
                funding agreement.
            ``(5) Consent of indian tribe required.--The Secretary shall 
        not revise, amend, or require additional terms in a new or 
        subsequent funding agreement without the consent of the Indian 
        tribe that is subject to the agreement unless such terms are 
        required by Federal law.

    ``(e) General Provisions.--
            ``(1) Redesign and consolidation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An Indian tribe, in any manner 
                that the Indian tribe considers to be in the best 
                interest of the Indian community being served, may--
                          ``(i) redesign or consolidate programs, 
                      services, functions, and activities (or portions 
                      thereof) included in a funding agreement; and
                          ``(ii) reallocate or redirect funds for such 
                      programs, services, functions, and activities (or 
                      portions thereof), if the funds are--
                                    ``(I) expended on projects 
                                identified in a transportation 
                                improvement program approved by the 
                                Secretary; and
                                    ``(II) used in accordance with the 
                                requirements in--
                                            ``(aa) appropriations Acts;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1363]]

                                            ``(bb) this title and 
                                        chapter 53 of title 49; and
                                            ``(cc) any other applicable 
                                        law.
                    ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
                if, pursuant to subsection (d), an Indian tribe receives 
                a discretionary or competitive grant from the Secretary 
                or receives State apportioned funds, the Indian tribe 
                shall use the funds for the purpose for which the funds 
                were originally authorized.
            ``(2) Retrocession.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Authority of indian tribes.--An Indian 
                      tribe may retrocede (fully or partially) to the 
                      Secretary programs, services, functions, or 
                      activities (or portions thereof) included in a 
                      compact or funding agreement.
                          ``(ii) Reassumption of remaining funds.--
                      Following a retrocession described in clause (i), 
                      the Secretary may--
                                    ``(I) reassume the remaining funding 
                                associated with the retroceded programs, 
                                functions, services, and activities (or 
                                portions thereof) included in the 
                                applicable compact or funding agreement;
                                    ``(II) out of such remaining funds, 
                                transfer funds associated with 
                                Department of Interior programs, 
                                services, functions, or activities (or 
                                portions thereof) to the Secretary of 
                                the Interior to carry out transportation 
                                services provided by the Secretary of 
                                the Interior; and
                                    ``(III) distribute funds not 
                                transferred under subclause (II) in 
                                accordance with applicable law.
                          ``(iii) Correction of programs.--If the 
                      Secretary makes a finding under subsection 
                      (f)(2)(B) and no funds are available under 
                      subsection (f)(2)(A)(ii), the Secretary shall not 
                      be required to provide additional funds to 
                      complete or correct any programs, functions, 
                      services, or activities (or portions thereof).
                    ``(B) Effective date.--Unless the Indian tribe 
                rescinds a request for retrocession, the retrocession 
                shall become effective within the timeframe specified by 
                the parties in the compact or funding agreement. In the 
                absence of such a specification, the retrocession shall 
                become effective on--
                          ``(i) the earlier of--
                                    ``(I) 1 year after the date of 
                                submission of the request; or
                                    ``(II) the date on which the funding 
                                agreement expires; or
                          ``(ii) such date as may be mutually agreed 
                      upon by the parties and, with respect to 
                      Department of the Interior programs, functions, 
                      services, and activities (or portions thereof), 
                      the Secretary of the Interior.

    ``(f) Provisions Relating to Secretary.--
            ``(1) Decisionmaker.--A decision that relates to an appeal 
        of the rejection of a final offer by the Department shall be 
        made either--
                    ``(A) by an official of the Department who holds a 
                position at a higher organizational level within the 
                Department than the level of the departmental agency in 
                which

[[Page 129 STAT. 1364]]

                the decision that is the subject of the appeal was made; 
                or
                    ``(B) by an administrative judge.
            ``(2) Termination of compact or funding agreement.--
                    ``(A) Authority to terminate.--
                          ``(i) Provision to be included in compact or 
                      funding agreement.--A compact or funding agreement 
                      shall include a provision authorizing the 
                      Secretary, if the Secretary makes a finding 
                      described in subparagraph (B), to--
                                    ``(I) terminate the compact or 
                                funding agreement (or a portion 
                                thereof); and
                                    ``(II) reassume the remaining 
                                funding associated with the reassumed 
                                programs, functions, services, and 
                                activities included in the compact or 
                                funding agreement.
                          ``(ii) Transfers of funds.--Out of any funds 
                      reassumed under clause (i)(II), the Secretary may 
                      transfer the funds associated with Department of 
                      the Interior programs, functions, services, and 
                      activities (or portions thereof) to the Secretary 
                      of the Interior to provide continued 
                      transportation services in accordance with 
                      applicable law.
                    ``(B) Findings resulting in termination.--The 
                finding referred to in subparagraph (A) is a specific 
                finding of--
                          ``(i) imminent jeopardy to a trust asset, 
                      natural resources, or public health and safety 
                      that is caused by an act or omission of the Indian 
                      tribe and that arises out of a failure to carry 
                      out the compact or funding agreement, as 
                      determined by the Secretary; or
                          ``(ii) gross mismanagement with respect to 
                      funds or programs transferred to the Indian tribe 
                      under the compact or funding agreement, as 
                      determined by the Secretary in consultation with 
                      the Inspector General of the Department, as 
                      appropriate.
                    ``(C) Prohibition.--The Secretary shall not 
                terminate a compact or funding agreement (or portion 
                thereof) unless--
                          ``(i) the Secretary has first provided written 
                      notice and a hearing on the record to the Indian 
                      tribe that is subject to the compact or funding 
                      agreement; and
                          ``(ii) the Indian tribe has not taken 
                      corrective action to remedy the mismanagement of 
                      funds or programs or the imminent jeopardy to a 
                      trust asset, natural resource, or public health 
                      and safety.
                    ``(D) Exception.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                      subparagraph (C), the Secretary, upon written 
                      notification to an Indian tribe that is subject to 
                      a compact or funding agreement, may immediately 
                      terminate the compact or funding agreement (or 
                      portion thereof) if--
                                    ``(I) the Secretary makes a finding 
                                of imminent substantial and irreparable 
                                jeopardy to a trust asset, natural 
                                resource, or public health and safety; 
                                and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1365]]

                                    ``(II) the jeopardy arises out of a 
                                failure to carry out the compact or 
                                funding agreement.
                          ``(ii) Hearings.--If the Secretary terminates 
                      a compact or funding agreement (or portion 
                      thereof) under clause (i), the Secretary shall 
                      provide the Indian tribe subject to the compact or 
                      agreement with a hearing on the record not later 
                      than 10 days after the date of such termination.
                    ``(E) Burden of proof.--In any hearing or appeal 
                involving a decision to terminate a compact or funding 
                agreement (or portion thereof) under this paragraph, the 
                Secretary shall have the burden of proof in 
                demonstrating by clear and convincing evidence the 
                validity of the grounds for the termination.

    ``(g) Cost Principles.--In administering funds received under this 
section, an Indian tribe shall apply cost principles under the 
applicable Office of Management and Budget circular, except as modified 
by section 106 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance 
Act (25 U.S.C. 450j-1), other provisions of law, or by any exemptions to 
applicable Office of Management and Budget circulars subsequently 
granted by the Office of Management and Budget. No other audit or 
accounting standards shall be required by the Secretary. Any claim by 
the Federal Government against the Indian tribe relating to funds 
received under a funding agreement based on any audit conducted pursuant 
to this subsection shall be subject to the provisions of section 106(f) 
of that Act (25 U.S.C. 450j-1(f)).
    ``(h) Transfer of Funds.--The Secretary shall provide funds to an 
Indian tribe under a funding agreement in an amount equal to--
            ``(1) the sum of the funding that the Indian tribe would 
        otherwise receive for the program, function, service, or 
        activity in accordance with a funding formula or other 
        allocation method established under this title or chapter 53 of 
        title 49; and
            ``(2) such additional amounts as the Secretary determines 
        equal the amounts that would have been withheld for the costs of 
        the Bureau of Indian Affairs for administration of the program 
        or project.

    ``(i) Construction Programs.--
            ``(1) Standards.--Construction projects carried out under 
        programs administered by an Indian tribe with funds transferred 
        to the Indian tribe pursuant to a funding agreement entered into 
        under this section shall be constructed pursuant to the 
        construction program standards set forth in applicable 
        regulations or as specifically approved by the Secretary (or the 
        Secretary's designee).
            ``(2) Monitoring.--Construction programs shall be monitored 
        by the Secretary in accordance with applicable regulations.

    ``(j) Facilitation.--
            ``(1) Secretarial interpretation.--Except as otherwise 
        provided by law, the Secretary shall interpret all Federal laws, 
        Executive orders, and regulations in a manner that will 
        facilitate--
                    ``(A) the inclusion of programs, services, 
                functions, and activities (or portions thereof) and 
                funds associated therewith, in compacts and funding 
                agreements; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1366]]

                    ``(B) the implementation of the compacts and funding 
                agreements.
            ``(2) Regulation waiver.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An Indian tribe may submit to the 
                Secretary a written request to waive application of a 
                regulation promulgated under this section with respect 
                to a compact or funding agreement. The request shall 
                identify the regulation sought to be waived and the 
                basis for the request.
                    ``(B) Approvals and denials.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Not later than 90 days 
                      after the date of receipt of a written request 
                      under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                      approve or deny the request in writing.
                          ``(ii) Review.--The Secretary shall review any 
                      application by an Indian tribe for a waiver 
                      bearing in mind increasing opportunities for using 
                      flexible policy approaches at the Indian tribal 
                      level.
                          ``(iii) Deemed approval.--If the Secretary 
                      does not approve or deny a request submitted under 
                      subparagraph (A) on or before the last day of the 
                      90-day period referred to in clause (i), the 
                      request shall be deemed approved.
                          ``(iv) Denials.--If the application for a 
                      waiver is not granted, the agency shall provide 
                      the applicant with the reasons for the denial as 
                      part of the written response required in clause 
                      (i).
                          ``(v) Finality of decisions.--A decision by 
                      the Secretary under this subparagraph shall be 
                      final for the Department.

    ``(k) Disclaimers.--
            ``(1) Existing authority.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, upon the election of an Indian tribe, the 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) maintain current tribal transportation program 
                funding agreements and program agreements; or
                    ``(B) enter into new agreements under the authority 
                of section 202(b)(7).
            ``(2) Limitation on statutory construction.--Nothing in this 
        section may be construed to impair or diminish the authority of 
        the Secretary under section 202(b)(7).

    ``(l) Applicability of Indian Self-Determination and Education 
Assistance Act.--Except to the extent in conflict with this section (as 
determined by the Secretary), the following provisions of the Indian 
Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act shall apply to compact 
and funding agreements (except that any reference to the Secretary of 
the Interior or the Secretary of Health and Human Services in such 
provisions shall be treated as a reference to the Secretary of 
Transportation):
            ``(1) Subsections (a), (b), (d), (g), and (h) of section 506 
        of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-5), relating to general 
        provisions.
            ``(2) Subsections (b) through (e) and (g) of section 507 of 
        such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-6), relating to provisions relating 
        to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
            ``(3) Subsections (a), (b), (d), (e), (g), (h), (i), and (k) 
        of section 508 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-7), relating to 
        transfer of funds.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1367]]

            ``(4) Section 510 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-9), relating 
        to Federal procurement laws and regulations.
            ``(5) Section 511 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-10), 
        relating to civil actions.
            ``(6) Subsections (a)(1), (a)(2), and (c) through (f) of 
        section 512 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-11), relating to 
        facilitation, except that subsection (c)(1) of that section 
        shall be applied by substituting `transportation facilities and 
        other facilities' for `school buildings, hospitals, and other 
        facilities'.
            ``(7) Subsections (a) and (b) of section 515 of such Act (25 
        U.S.C. 458aaa-14), relating to disclaimers.
            ``(8) Subsections (a) and (b) of section 516 of such Act (25 
        U.S.C. 458aaa-15), relating to application of title I 
        provisions.
            ``(9) Section 518 of such Act (25 U.S.C. 458aaa-17), 
        relating to appeals.

    ``(m) Definitions.--
            ``(1) In general.--In this section, the following 
        definitions apply (except as otherwise expressly provided):
                    ``(A) Compact.--The term `compact' means a compact 
                between the Secretary and an Indian tribe entered into 
                under subsection (c).
                    ``(B) Department.--The term `Department' means the 
                Department of Transportation.
                    ``(C) Eligible indian tribe.--The term `eligible 
                Indian tribe' means an Indian tribe that is eligible to 
                participate in the program, as determined under 
                subsection (b).
                    ``(D) Funding agreement.--The term `funding 
                agreement' means a funding agreement between the 
                Secretary and an Indian tribe entered into under 
                subsection (d).
                    ``(E) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' means 
                any Indian or Alaska Native tribe, band, nation, pueblo, 
                village, or community that is recognized as eligible for 
                the special programs and services provided by the United 
                States to Indians because of their status as Indians. In 
                any case in which an Indian tribe has authorized another 
                Indian tribe, an intertribal consortium, or a tribal 
                organization to plan for or carry out programs, 
                services, functions, or activities (or portions thereof) 
                on its behalf under this section, the authorized Indian 
                tribe, intertribal consortium, or tribal organization 
                shall have the rights and responsibilities of the 
                authorizing Indian tribe (except as otherwise provided 
                in the authorizing resolution or in this title). In such 
                event, the term `Indian tribe' as used in this section 
                shall include such other authorized Indian tribe, 
                intertribal consortium, or tribal organization.
                    ``(F) Program.--The term `program' means the tribal 
                transportation self-governance program established under 
                this section.
                    ``(G) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the 
                Secretary of Transportation.
                    ``(H) Transportation programs.--The term 
                `transportation programs' means all programs 
                administered or financed by the Department under this 
                title and chapter 53 of title 49.
            ``(2) Applicability of other definitions.--In this section, 
        the definitions set forth in sections 4 and 505 of the Indian

[[Page 129 STAT. 1368]]

        Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b; 
        458aaa) apply, except as otherwise expressly provided in this 
        section.

    ``(n) Regulations.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Promulgation.--Not later than 90 days after 
                the date of enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary 
                shall initiate procedures under subchapter III of 
                chapter 5 of title 5 to negotiate and promulgate such 
                regulations as are necessary to carry out this section.
                    ``(B) Publication of proposed regulations.--Proposed 
                regulations to implement this section shall be published 
                in the Federal Register by the Secretary not later than 
                21 months after such date of enactment.
                    ``(C) Expiration of authority.--The authority to 
                promulgate regulations under subparagraph (A) shall 
                expire 30 months after such date of enactment.
                    ``(D) Extension of deadlines.--A deadline set forth 
                in subparagraph (B) or (C) may be extended up to 180 
                days if the negotiated rulemaking committee referred to 
                in paragraph (2) concludes that the committee cannot 
                meet the deadline and the Secretary so notifies the 
                appropriate committees of Congress.
            ``(2) Committee.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A negotiated rulemaking committee 
                established pursuant to section 565 of title 5 to carry 
                out this subsection shall have as its members only 
                Federal and tribal government representatives, a 
                majority of whom shall be nominated by and be 
                representatives of Indian tribes with funding agreements 
                under this title.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The committee shall confer 
                with, and accommodate participation by, representatives 
                of Indian tribes, inter-tribal consortia, tribal 
                organizations, and individual tribal members.
                    ``(C) Adaptation of procedures.--The Secretary shall 
                adapt the negotiated rulemaking procedures to the unique 
                context of self-governance and the government-to-
                government relationship between the United States and 
                Indian tribes.
            ``(3) Effect.--The lack of promulgated regulations shall not 
        limit the effect of this section.
            ``(4) Effect of circulars, policies, manuals, guidance, and 
        rules.--Unless expressly agreed to by the participating Indian 
        tribe in the compact or funding agreement, the participating 
        Indian tribe shall not be subject to any agency circular, 
        policy, manual, guidance, or rule adopted by the Department, 
        except regulations promulgated under this section.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 201.>>  is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 206 the following:

``207. Tribal transportation self-governance program.''.

SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 103 note.>>  1122. STATE FLEXIBILITY FOR 
                          NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM MODIFICATIONS.

    (a) National Highway System Flexibility.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue 
guidance relating to working with State departments

[[Page 129 STAT. 1369]]

of transportation that request assistance from the division offices of 
the Federal Highway Administration--
            (1) to review roads classified as principal arterials in the 
        State that were added to the National Highway System as of 
        October 1, 2012, so as to comply with section 103 of title 23, 
        United States Code; and
            (2) to identify any necessary functional classification 
        changes to rural and urban principal arterials.

    (b) Administrative Actions.--The Secretary shall direct the division 
offices of the Federal Highway Administration to work with the 
applicable State department of transportation that requests assistance 
under this section--
            (1) to assist in the review of roads in accordance with 
        guidance issued under subsection (a);
            (2) to expeditiously review and facilitate requests from 
        States to reclassify roads classified as principal arterials; 
        and
            (3) in the case of a State that requests the withdrawal of 
        reclassified roads from the National Highway System under 
        section 103(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, to carry out 
        that withdrawal if the inclusion of the reclassified road in the 
        National Highway System is not consistent with the needs and 
        priorities of the community or region in which the reclassified 
        road is located.

    (c) National Highway System Modification Regulations.--The Secretary 
shall--
            (1) review the National Highway System modification process 
        described in appendix D of part 470 of title 23, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (or successor regulations); and
            (2) take any action necessary to ensure that a State may 
        submit to the Secretary a request to modify the National Highway 
        System by withdrawing a road from the National Highway System.

    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report that includes a description of--
            (1) each request for reclassification of National Highway 
        System roads;
            (2) the status of each request; and
            (3) if applicable, the justification for the denial by the 
        Secretary of a request.

    (e) Modifications to the National Highway System.--Section 
103(b)(3)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding clause (i)--
                    (A) by striking ``, including any modification 
                consisting of a connector to a major intermodal 
                terminal,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, including any modification 
                consisting of a connector to a major intermodal terminal 
                or the withdrawal of a road from that system,'' after 
                ``the National Highway System''; and
            (2) in clause (ii)--
                    (A) by striking ``(ii) enhances'' and inserting 
                ``(ii)(I) enhances'';
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; or''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1370]]

                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(II) in the case of the withdrawal of a 
                      road, is reasonable and appropriate.''.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 201 note.>>  1123. NATIONALLY SIGNIFICANT 
                          FEDERAL LANDS AND TRIBAL PROJECTS 
                          PROGRAM.

    (a) Purpose.--The Secretary shall establish a nationally significant 
Federal lands and tribal projects program (referred to in this section 
as the ``program'') to provide funding to construct, reconstruct, or 
rehabilitate nationally significant Federal lands and tribal 
transportation projects.
    (b) Eligible Applicants.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        entities eligible to receive funds under sections 201, 202, 203, 
        and 204 of title 23, United States Code, may apply for funding 
        under the program.
            (2) Special rule.--A State, county, or unit of local 
        government may only apply for funding under the program if 
        sponsored by an eligible Federal land management agency or 
        Indian tribe.

    (c) Eligible Projects.--An eligible project under the program shall 
be a single continuous project--
            (1) on a Federal lands transportation facility, a Federal 
        lands access transportation facility, or a tribal transportation 
        facility (as those terms are defined in section 101 of title 23, 
        United States Code), except that such facility is not required 
        to be included in an inventory described in section 202 or 203 
        of such title;
            (2) for which completion of activities required under the 
        National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
        seq.) has been demonstrated through--
                    (A) a record of decision with respect to the 
                project;
                    (B) a finding that the project has no significant 
                impact; or
                    (C) a determination that the project is 
                categorically excluded; and
            (3) having an estimated cost, based on the results of 
        preliminary engineering, equal to or exceeding $25,000,000, with 
        priority consideration given to projects with an estimated cost 
        equal to or exceeding $50,000,000.

    (d) Eligible Activities.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), an eligible 
        applicant receiving funds under the program may only use the 
        funds for construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation 
        activities.
            (2) Ineligible activities.--An eligible applicant may not 
        use funds received under the program for activities relating to 
        project design.

    (e) Applications.--Eligible applicants shall submit to the Secretary 
an application at such time, in such form, and containing such 
information as the Secretary may require.
    (f) Selection Criteria.--In selecting a project to receive funds 
under the program, the Secretary shall consider the extent to which the 
project--
            (1) furthers the goals of the Department, including state of 
        good repair, economic competitiveness, quality of life, and 
        safety;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1371]]

            (2) improves the condition of critical transportation 
        facilities, including multimodal facilities;
            (3) needs construction, reconstruction, or rehabilitation;
            (4) has costs matched by funds that are not provided under 
        this section, with projects with a greater percentage of other 
        sources of matching funds ranked ahead of lesser matches;
            (5) is included in or eligible for inclusion in the National 
        Register of Historic Places;
            (6) uses new technologies and innovations that enhance the 
        efficiency of the project;
            (7) is supported by funds, other than the funds received 
        under the program, to construct, maintain, and operate the 
        facility;
            (8) spans 2 or more States; and
            (9) serves land owned by multiple Federal agencies or Indian 
        tribes.

    (g) Federal Share.--
            (1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
        shall be up to 90 percent.
            (2) Non-federal share.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, any Federal funds other than those made available under 
        title 23 or title 49, United States Code, may be used to pay the 
        non-Federal share of the cost of a project carried out under 
        this section.

    (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $100,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020. Such sums shall remain available for a period 
of 3 fiscal years following the fiscal year for which the amounts are 
appropriated.

             Subtitle B--Planning and Performance Management

SEC. 1201. METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

    Section 134 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``people and freight and'' and 
                inserting ``people and freight,'' and
                    (B) by inserting ``and take into consideration 
                resiliency needs'' after ``urbanized areas,'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that 
        support intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
        intercity bus facilities and commuter vanpool providers'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (7), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Representation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Designation or selection of 
                officials or representatives under paragraph (2) shall 
                be determined by the metropolitan planning organization 
                according to the bylaws or enabling statute of the 
                organization.
                    ``(B) Public transportation representative.--Subject 
                to the bylaws or enabling statute of the metropolitan

[[Page 129 STAT. 1372]]

                planning organization, a representative of a provider of 
                public transportation may also serve as a representative 
                of a local municipality.
                    ``(C) Powers of certain officials.--An official 
                described in paragraph (2)(B) shall have 
                responsibilities, actions, duties, voting rights, and 
                any other authority commensurate with other officials 
                described in paragraph (2).''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5) as so redesignated by striking 
                ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting ``paragraph (6)'';
            (4) in subsection (e)(4)(B) by striking ``subsection 
        (d)(5)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)(6)'';
            (5) in subsection (g)(3)(A) by inserting ``tourism, natural 
        disaster risk reduction,'' after ``economic development,'';
            (6) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at 
                      the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) improve the resiliency and reliability of the 
                transportation system and reduce or mitigate stormwater 
                impacts of surface transportation; and
                    ``(J) enhance travel and tourism.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``and in section 
                5301(c) of title 49'' and inserting ``and the general 
                purposes described in section 5301 of title 49'';
            (7) in subsection (i)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(i) by striking 
                      ``transit,'' and inserting ``public transportation 
                      facilities, intercity bus facilities,'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (G)--
                                    (I) by striking ``and provide'' and 
                                inserting ``, provide''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, and reduce the 
                                vulnerability of the existing 
                                transportation infrastructure to natural 
                                disasters'' before the period at the 
                                end; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (H) by inserting 
                      ``including consideration of the role that 
                      intercity buses may play in reducing congestion, 
                      pollution, and energy consumption in a cost-
                      effective manner and strategies and investments 
                      that preserve and enhance intercity bus systems, 
                      including systems that are privately owned and 
                      operated'' before the period at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before 
                      ``freight shippers,''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                      operators, employer-based commuting programs, such 
                      as a carpool program, vanpool program, transit 
                      benefit program, parking cash-out program, shuttle 
                      program, or telework program)'' after ``private 
                      providers of transportation''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (8) by striking ``paragraph 
                (2)(C)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)(E)'' each place 
                it appears;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1373]]

            (8) in subsection (k)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``(including 
                intercity bus operators, employer-based commuting 
                programs such as a carpool program, vanpool program, 
                transit benefit program, parking cash-out program, 
                shuttle program, or telework program), job access 
                projects,'' after ``reduction''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Congestion management plan.--A metropolitan 
                planning organization serving a transportation 
                management area may develop a plan that includes 
                projects and strategies that will be considered in the 
                TIP of such metropolitan planning organization. Such 
                plan shall--
                          ``(i) develop regional goals to reduce vehicle 
                      miles traveled during peak commuting hours and 
                      improve transportation connections between areas 
                      with high job concentration and areas with high 
                      concentrations of low-income households;
                          ``(ii) identify existing public transportation 
                      services, employer-based commuter programs, and 
                      other existing transportation services that 
                      support access to jobs in the region; and
                          ``(iii) identify proposed projects and 
                      programs to reduce congestion and increase job 
                      access opportunities.
                    ``(D) Participation.--In developing the plan under 
                subparagraph (C), a metropolitan planning organization 
                shall consult with employers, private and nonprofit 
                providers of public transportation, transportation 
                management organizations, and organizations that provide 
                job access reverse commute projects or job-related 
                services to low-income individuals.'';
            (9) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) by adding a period at the end of paragraph (1); 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(D) by striking ``of less than 
                200,000'' and inserting ``with a population of 200,000 
                or less'';
            (10) in subsection (n)(1) by inserting ``49'' after 
        ``chapter 53 of title'';
            (11) in subsection (p) by striking ``Funds set aside under 
        section 104(f)'' and inserting ``Funds apportioned under 
        paragraphs (5)(D) and (6) of section 104(b)''; and
            (12) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(r) Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Organization.--
            ``(1) Definition of bi-state mpo region.--In this 
        subsection, the term `Bi-State MPO Region' has the meaning given 
        the term `region' in subsection (a) of Article II of the Lake 
        Tahoe Regional Planning Compact (Public Law 96-551; 94 Stat. 
        3234).
            ``(2) Treatment.--For the purpose of this title, the Bi-
        State MPO Region shall be treated as--
                    ``(A) a metropolitan planning organization;
                    ``(B) a transportation management area under 
                subsection (k); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1374]]

                    ``(C) an urbanized area, which is comprised of a 
                population of 145,000 in the State of California and a 
                population of 65,000 in the State of Nevada.
            ``(3) Suballocated funding.--
                    ``(A) Planning.--In determining the amounts under 
                subparagraph (A) of section 133(d)(1) that shall be 
                obligated for a fiscal year in the States of California 
                and Nevada under clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of that 
                subparagraph, the Secretary shall, for each of those 
                States--
                          ``(i) calculate the population under each of 
                      those clauses;
                          ``(ii) decrease the amount under section 
                      133(d)(1)(A)(iii) by the population specified in 
                      paragraph (2) of this subsection for the Bi-State 
                      MPO Region in that State; and
                          ``(iii) increase the amount under section 
                      133(d)(1)(A)(i) by the population specified in 
                      paragraph (2) of this subsection for the Bi-State 
                      MPO Region in that State.
                    ``(B) STBGP set aside.--In determining the amounts 
                under paragraph (2) of section 133(h) that shall be 
                obligated for a fiscal year in the States of California 
                and Nevada, the Secretary shall, for the purpose of that 
                subsection, calculate the populations for each of those 
                States in a manner consistent with subparagraph (A).''.
SEC. 1202. STATEWIDE AND NONMETROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

    Section 135 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting, ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that 
        support intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
        intercity bus facilities and commuter van pool providers'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at 
                      the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) improve the resiliency and reliability of the 
                transportation system and reduce or mitigate stormwater 
                impacts of surface transportation; and
                    ``(J) enhance travel and tourism.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and in 
                      section 5301(c) of title 49'' and inserting ``and 
                      the general purposes described in section 5301 of 
                      title 49'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by striking 
                      ``urbanized''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                      ``urbanized'';
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)(A)(ii)--
                          (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before 
                      ``freight shippers,''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1375]]

                          (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                      operators, employer-based commuting programs, such 
                      as a carpool program, vanpool program, transit 
                      benefit program, parking cash-out program, shuttle 
                      program, or telework program)'' after ``private 
                      providers of transportation''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (7), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``should'' and inserting 
                ``shall''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (8), by inserting ``, including 
                consideration of the role that intercity buses may play 
                in reducing congestion, pollution, and energy 
                consumption in a cost-effective manner and strategies 
                and investments that preserve and enhance intercity bus 
                systems, including systems that are privately owned and 
                operated'' before the period at the end; and
            (4) in subsection (g)(3)--
                    (A) by inserting ``public ports,'' before ``freight 
                shippers''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                operators),'' after ``private providers of 
                transportation''.

              Subtitle C--Acceleration of Project Delivery

SEC. 1301. SATISFACTION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN HISTORIC 
                          SITES.

    (a) Highways.--Section 138 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Satisfaction of Requirements for Certain Historic Sites.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) align, to the maximum extent practicable, with 
                the requirements of the National Environmental Policy 
                Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and section 306108 
                of title 54, including implementing regulations; and
                    ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, coordinate with the 
                Secretary of the Interior and the Executive Director of 
                the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (referred 
                to in this subsection as the `Council') to establish 
                procedures to satisfy the requirements described in 
                subparagraph (A) (including regulations).
            ``(2) Avoidance alternative analysis.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If, in an analysis required under 
                the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.), the Secretary determines that there is no 
                feasible or prudent alternative to avoid use of a 
                historic site, the Secretary may--
                          ``(i) include the determination of the 
                      Secretary in the analysis required under that Act;
                          ``(ii) provide a notice of the determination 
                      to--
                                    ``(I) each applicable State historic 
                                preservation officer and tribal historic 
                                preservation officer;
                                    ``(II) the Council, if the Council 
                                is participating in the consultation 
                                process under section 306108 of title 
                                54; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1376]]

                                    ``(III) the Secretary of the 
                                Interior; and
                          ``(iii) request from the applicable 
                      preservation officer, the Council, and the 
                      Secretary of the Interior a concurrence that the 
                      determination is sufficient to satisfy subsection 
                      (a)(1).
                    ``(B) Concurrence.--If the applicable preservation 
                officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                each provide a concurrence requested under subparagraph 
                (A)(iii), no further analysis under subsection (a)(1) 
                shall be required.
                    ``(C) Publication.--A notice of a determination, 
                together with each relevant concurrence to that 
                determination, under subparagraph (A) shall--
                          ``(i) be included in the record of decision or 
                      finding of no significant impact of the Secretary; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) be posted on an appropriate Federal 
                      website by not later than 3 days after the date of 
                      receipt by the Secretary of all concurrences 
                      requested under subparagraph (A)(iii).
            ``(3) Aligning historical reviews.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary, the applicable 
                preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary of 
                the Interior concur that no feasible and prudent 
                alternative exists as described in paragraph (2), the 
                Secretary may provide to the applicable preservation 
                officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                notice of the intent of the Secretary to satisfy 
                subsection (a)(2) through the consultation requirements 
                of section 306108 of title 54.
                    ``(B) Satisfaction of conditions.--To satisfy 
                subsection (a)(2), each individual described in 
                paragraph (2)(A)(ii) shall concur in the treatment of 
                the applicable historic site described in the memorandum 
                of agreement or programmatic agreement developed under 
                section 306108 of title 54.''.

    (b) Public Transportation.--Section 303 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Satisfaction of Requirements for Certain Historic Sites.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) align, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
                requirements of this section with the requirements of 
                the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.) and section 306108 of title 54, including 
                implementing regulations; and
                    ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, coordinate with the 
                Secretary of the Interior and the Executive Director of 
                the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (referred 
                to in this subsection as the `Council') to establish 
                procedures to satisfy the requirements described in 
                subparagraph (A) (including regulations).
            ``(2) Avoidance alternative analysis.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If, in an analysis required under 
                the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.), the Secretary determines that there is no 
                feasible or prudent alternative to avoid use of a 
                historic site, the Secretary may--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1377]]

                          ``(i) include the determination of the 
                      Secretary in the analysis required under that Act;
                          ``(ii) provide a notice of the determination 
                      to--
                                    ``(I) each applicable State historic 
                                preservation officer and tribal historic 
                                preservation officer;
                                    ``(II) the Council, if the Council 
                                is participating in the consultation 
                                process under section 306108 of title 
                                54; and
                                    ``(III) the Secretary of the 
                                Interior; and
                          ``(iii) request from the applicable 
                      preservation officer, the Council, and the 
                      Secretary of the Interior a concurrence that the 
                      determination is sufficient to satisfy subsection 
                      (c)(1).
                    ``(B) Concurrence.--If the applicable preservation 
                officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                each provide a concurrence requested under subparagraph 
                (A)(iii), no further analysis under subsection (c)(1) 
                shall be required.
                    ``(C) Publication.--A notice of a determination, 
                together with each relevant concurrence to that 
                determination, under subparagraph (A) shall--
                          ``(i) be included in the record of decision or 
                      finding of no significant impact of the Secretary; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) be posted on an appropriate Federal 
                      website by not later than 3 days after the date of 
                      receipt by the Secretary of all concurrences 
                      requested under subparagraph (A)(iii).
            ``(3) Aligning historical reviews.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary, the applicable 
                preservation officer, the Council, and the Secretary of 
                the Interior concur that no feasible and prudent 
                alternative exists as described in paragraph (2), the 
                Secretary may provide to the applicable preservation 
                officer, the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior 
                notice of the intent of the Secretary to satisfy 
                subsection (c)(2) through the consultation requirements 
                of section 306108 of title 54.
                    ``(B) Satisfaction of conditions.--To satisfy 
                subsection (c)(2), the applicable preservation officer, 
                the Council, and the Secretary of the Interior shall 
                concur in the treatment of the applicable historic site 
                described in the memorandum of agreement or programmatic 
                agreement developed under section 306108 of title 54.''.
SEC. 1302. CLARIFICATION OF TRANSPORTATION ENVIRONMENTAL 
                          AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Title 23 Amendment.--Section 138 of title 23, United States 
Code, as amended by section 1301, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(d) References to Past Transportation Environmental Authorities.--
            ``(1) Section 4(f) requirements.--The requirements of this 
        section are commonly referred to as section 4(f) requirements 
        (see section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act 
        (Public Law 89-670; 80 Stat. 934) as in effect before the repeal 
        of that section).
            ``(2) Section 106 requirements.--The requirements of section 
        306108 of title 54 are commonly referred to as section

[[Page 129 STAT. 1378]]

        106 requirements (see section 106 of the National Historic 
        Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-665; 80 Stat. 917) as in 
        effect before the repeal of that section).''.

    (b) Title 49 Amendment.--Section 303 of title 49, United States 
Code, as amended by section 1301, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(f) References to Past Transportation Environmental Authorities.--
            ``(1) Section 4(f) requirements.--The requirements of this 
        section are commonly referred to as section 4(f) requirements 
        (see section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act 
        (Public Law 89-670; 80 Stat. 934) as in effect before the repeal 
        of that section).
            ``(2) Section 106 requirements.--The requirements of section 
        306108 of title 54 are commonly referred to as section 106 
        requirements (see section 106 of the National Historic 
        Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-665; 80 Stat. 917) as in 
        effect before the repeal of that section).''.
SEC. 1303. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN BRIDGES UNDER PRESERVATION 
                          REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Preservation of Parklands.--Section 138 of title 23, United 
States Code, as amended by section 1302, is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(e) Bridge Exemption From Consideration.--A common post-1945 
concrete or steel bridge or culvert (as described in 77 Fed. Reg. 68790) 
that is exempt from individual review under section 306108 of title 54 
shall be exempt from consideration under this section.''.
    (b) Policy on Lands, Wildlife and Waterfowl Refuges, and Historic 
Sites.--Section 303 of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
section 1302, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Bridge Exemption From Consideration.--A common post-1945 
concrete or steel bridge or culvert (as described in 77 Fed. Reg. 68790) 
that is exempt from individual review under section 306108 of title 54 
shall be exempt from consideration under this section.''.
SEC. 1304. EFFICIENT ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS FOR PROJECT 
                          DECISIONMAKING.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 139(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
            ``(5) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal project' 
        means a project that requires the approval of more than 1 
        Department of Transportation operating administration or 
        secretarial office.''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
            ``(6) Project.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `project' means any 
                highway project, public transportation capital project, 
                or multimodal project that, if implemented as proposed 
                by the project sponsor, would require approval by any 
                operating administration or secretarial office within 
                the Department of Transportation.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In determining whether a 
                project is a project under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary

[[Page 129 STAT. 1379]]

                shall take into account, if known, any sources of 
                Federal funding or financing identified by the project 
                sponsor, including any discretionary grant, loan, and 
                loan guarantee programs administered by the Department 
                of Transportation.''.

    (b) Applicability.--Section 139(b)(3) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A) in the matter preceding clause (i) 
        by striking ``initiate a rulemaking to''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(B) Requirements.--In carrying out subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary shall ensure that programmatic 
                reviews--
                          ``(i) promote transparency, including the 
                      transparency of--
                                    ``(I) the analyses and data used in 
                                the environmental reviews;
                                    ``(II) the treatment of any deferred 
                                issues raised by agencies or the public; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) the temporal and spatial 
                                scales to be used to analyze issues 
                                under subclauses (I) and (II);
                          ``(ii) use accurate and timely information, 
                      including through establishment of--
                                    ``(I) criteria for determining the 
                                general duration of the usefulness of 
                                the review; and
                                    ``(II) a timeline for updating an 
                                out-of-date review;
                          ``(iii) describe--
                                    ``(I) the relationship between any 
                                programmatic analysis and future tiered 
                                analysis; and
                                    ``(II) the role of the public in the 
                                creation of future tiered analysis;
                          ``(iv) are available to other relevant Federal 
                      and State agencies, Indian tribes, and the public; 
                      and
                          ``(v) provide notice and public comment 
                      opportunities consistent with applicable 
                      requirements.''.

    (c) Federal Lead Agency.--Section 139(c) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A) by inserting ``, or an operating 
        administration thereof designated by the Secretary,'' after 
        ``Department of Transportation''; and
            (2) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) to consider and respond to comments received 
                from participating agencies on matters within the 
                special expertise or jurisdiction of those agencies.''.

    (d) Participating Agencies.--
            (1) Invitation.--Section 139(d)(2) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``The lead agency shall 
        identify, as early as practicable in the environmental review 
        process for a project,'' and inserting ``Not later than 45 days 
        after the date of publication of a notice of intent to prepare 
        an

[[Page 129 STAT. 1380]]

        environmental impact statement or the initiation of an 
        environmental assessment, the lead agency shall identify''.
            (2) Single nepa document.--Section 139(d) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
            ``(8) Single nepa document.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as inconsistent with 
                paragraph (7), to the maximum extent practicable and 
                consistent with Federal law, all Federal permits and 
                reviews for a project shall rely on a single environment 
                document prepared under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) under the 
                leadership of the lead agency.
                    ``(B) Use of document.--
                          ``(i) In general.--To the maximum extent 
                      practicable, the lead agency shall develop an 
                      environmental document sufficient to satisfy the 
                      requirements for any Federal approval or other 
                      Federal action required for the project, including 
                      permits issued by other Federal agencies.
                          ``(ii) Cooperation of participating 
                      agencies.--Other participating agencies shall 
                      cooperate with the lead agency and provide timely 
                      information to help the lead agency carry out this 
                      subparagraph.
                    ``(C) Treatment as participating and cooperating 
                agencies.--A Federal agency required to make an approval 
                or take an action for a project, as described in 
                subparagraph (B), shall work with the lead agency for 
                the project to ensure that the agency making the 
                approval or taking the action is treated as being both a 
                participating and cooperating agency for the project.
            ``(9) Participating agency responsibilities.--An agency 
        participating in the environmental review process under this 
        section shall--
                    ``(A) provide comments, responses, studies, or 
                methodologies on those areas within the special 
                expertise or jurisdiction of the agency; and
                    ``(B) use the process to address any environmental 
                issues of concern to the agency.''.

    (e) Project Initiation.--Section 139(e) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``(including any 
        additional information that the project sponsor considers to be 
        important to initiate the process for the proposed project)'' 
        after ``general location of the proposed project''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Review of application.--Not later than 45 days after 
        the date on which the Secretary receives notification under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide to the project 
        sponsor a written response that, as applicable--
                    ``(A) describes the determination of the Secretary--
                          ``(i) to initiate the environmental review 
                      process, including a timeline and an expected date 
                      for the publication in the Federal Register of the 
                      relevant notice of intent; or
                          ``(ii) to decline the application, including 
                      an explanation of the reasons for that decision; 
                      or

[[Page 129 STAT. 1381]]

                    ``(B) requests additional information, and provides 
                to the project sponsor an accounting regarding what 
                documentation is necessary to initiate the environmental 
                review process.
            ``(4) Request to designate a lead agency.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Any project sponsor may submit to 
                the Secretary a request to designate the operating 
                administration or secretarial office within the 
                Department of Transportation with the expertise on the 
                proposed project to serve as the Federal lead agency for 
                the project.
                    ``(B) Secretarial action.--
                          ``(i) In general.--If the Secretary receives a 
                      request under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                      shall respond to the request not later than 45 
                      days after the date of receipt.
                          ``(ii) Requirements.--The response under 
                      clause (i) shall--
                                    ``(I) approve the request;
                                    ``(II) deny the request, with an 
                                explanation of the reasons for the 
                                denial; or
                                    ``(III) require the submission of 
                                additional information.
                          ``(iii) Additional information.--If additional 
                      information is submitted in accordance with clause 
                      (ii)(III), the Secretary shall respond to the 
                      submission not later than 45 days after the date 
                      of receipt.
            ``(5) Environmental checklist.--
                    ``(A) Development.--The lead agency for a project, 
                in consultation with participating agencies, shall 
                develop, as appropriate, a checklist to help project 
                sponsors identify potential natural, cultural, and 
                historic resources in the area of the project.
                    ``(B) Purpose.--The purposes of the checklist are--
                          ``(i) to identify agencies and organizations 
                      that can provide information about natural, 
                      cultural, and historic resources;
                          ``(ii) to develop the information needed to 
                      determine the range of alternatives; and
                          ``(iii) to improve interagency collaboration 
                      to help expedite the permitting process for the 
                      lead agency and participating agencies.''.

    (f) Purpose and Need.--Section 139(f) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading by inserting ``; Alternatives 
        Analysis'' after ``Need''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) Participation.--
                          ``(i) In general.--As early as practicable 
                      during the environmental review process, the lead 
                      agency shall provide an opportunity for 
                      involvement by participating agencies and the 
                      public in determining the range of alternatives to 
                      be considered for a project.
                          ``(ii) Comments of participating agencies.--To 
                      the maximum extent practicable and consistent with 
                      applicable law, each participating agency 
                      receiving an

[[Page 129 STAT. 1382]]

                      opportunity for involvement under clause (i) shall 
                      limit the comments of the agency to subject matter 
                      areas within the special expertise or jurisdiction 
                      of the agency.
                          ``(iii) Effect of nonparticipation.--A 
                      participating agency that declines to participate 
                      in the development of the purpose and need and 
                      range of alternatives for a project shall be 
                      required to comply with the schedule developed 
                      under subsection (g)(1)(B).'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``Following participation 
                      under paragraph (1)'' and inserting the following:
                          ``(i) Determination.--Following participation 
                      under subparagraph (A)''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Use.--To the maximum extent practicable 
                      and consistent with Federal law, the range of 
                      alternatives determined for a project under clause 
                      (i) shall be used for all Federal environmental 
                      reviews and permit processes required for the 
                      project unless the alternatives must be modified--
                                    ``(I) to address significant new 
                                information or circumstances, and the 
                                lead agency and participating agencies 
                                agree that the alternatives must be 
                                modified to address the new information 
                                or circumstances; or
                                    ``(II) for the lead agency or a 
                                participating agency to fulfill the 
                                responsibilities of the agency under the 
                                National Environmental Policy Act of 
                                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) in a 
                                timely manner.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) Reduction of duplication.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In carrying out this 
                      paragraph, the lead agency shall reduce 
                      duplication, to the maximum extent practicable, 
                      between--
                                    ``(I) the evaluation of alternatives 
                                under the National Environmental Policy 
                                Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); 
                                and
                                    ``(II) the evaluation of 
                                alternatives in the metropolitan 
                                transportation planning process under 
                                section 134 or an environmental review 
                                process carried out under State law 
                                (referred to in this subparagraph as a 
                                `State environmental review process').
                          ``(ii) Consideration of alternatives.--The 
                      lead agency may eliminate from detailed 
                      consideration an alternative proposed in an 
                      environmental impact statement regarding a project 
                      if, as determined by the lead agency--
                                    ``(I) the alternative was considered 
                                in a metropolitan planning process or a 
                                State environmental review process by a 
                                metropolitan planning organization or a 
                                State or local transportation agency, as 
                                applicable;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1383]]

                                    ``(II) the lead agency provided 
                                guidance to the metropolitan planning 
                                organization or State or local 
                                transportation agency, as applicable, 
                                regarding analysis of alternatives in 
                                the metropolitan planning process or 
                                State environmental review process, 
                                including guidance on the requirements 
                                of the National Environmental Policy Act 
                                of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and any 
                                other Federal law necessary for approval 
                                of the project;
                                    ``(III) the applicable metropolitan 
                                planning process or State environmental 
                                review process included an opportunity 
                                for public review and comment;
                                    ``(IV) the applicable metropolitan 
                                planning organization or State or local 
                                transportation agency rejected the 
                                alternative after considering public 
                                comments;
                                    ``(V) the Federal lead agency 
                                independently reviewed the alternative 
                                evaluation approved by the applicable 
                                metropolitan planning organization or 
                                State or local transportation agency; 
                                and
                                    ``(VI) the Federal lead agency 
                                determined--
                                            ``(aa) in consultation with 
                                        Federal participating or 
                                        cooperating agencies, that the 
                                        alternative to be eliminated 
                                        from consideration is not 
                                        necessary for compliance with 
                                        the National Environmental 
                                        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                                        4321 et seq.); or
                                            ``(bb) with the concurrence 
                                        of Federal agencies with 
                                        jurisdiction over a permit or 
                                        approval required for a project, 
                                        that the alternative to be 
                                        eliminated from consideration is 
                                        not necessary for any permit or 
                                        approval under any other Federal 
                                        law.''.

    (g) Coordination and Scheduling.--
            (1) Coordination plan.--Section 139(g)(1) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``The lead 
                agency'' and inserting ``Not later than 90 days after 
                the date of publication of a notice of intent to prepare 
                an environmental impact statement or the initiation of 
                an environmental assessment, the lead agency''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)(i) by striking ``may 
                establish as part of the coordination plan'' and 
                inserting ``shall establish as part of such coordination 
                plan''.
            (2) Deadlines for decisions under other laws.--Section 
        139(g)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the 
        matter preceding subparagraph (A) by inserting ``and publish on 
        the Internet'' after ``House of Representatives''.

    (h) Issue Identification and Resolution.--
            (1) Issue resolution.--Section 139(h) of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (7) as 
                paragraphs (5) through (8), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) Issue resolution.--Any issue resolved by the lead 
        agency with the concurrence of participating agencies may not

[[Page 129 STAT. 1384]]

        be reconsidered unless significant new information or 
        circumstances arise.''.
            (2) Failure to assure.--Section 139(h)(5)(C) of title 23, 
        United States Code (as redesignated by paragraph (1)(A)), is 
        amended by striking ``paragraph (5) and'' and inserting 
        ``paragraph (6)''.
            (3) Financial penalty provisions.--Section 139(h)(7)(B) of 
        title 23, United States Code (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1)(A)), is amended--
                    (A) in clause (i)(I) by striking ``under section 
                106(i) is required'' and inserting ``is required under 
                subsection (h) or (i) of section 106''; and
                    (B) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the 
                following:
                          ``(ii) Description of date.--The date referred 
                      to in clause (i) is--
                                    ``(I) the date that is 30 days after 
                                the date for rendering a decision as 
                                described in the project schedule 
                                established pursuant to subsection 
                                (g)(1)(B);
                                    ``(II) if no schedule exists, the 
                                later of--
                                            ``(aa) the date that is 180 
                                        days after the date on which an 
                                        application for the permit, 
                                        license, or approval is 
                                        complete; and
                                            ``(bb) the date that is 180 
                                        days after the date on which the 
                                        Federal lead agency issues a 
                                        decision on the project under 
                                        the National Environmental 
                                        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                                        4321 et seq.); or
                                    ``(III) a modified date in 
                                accordance with subsection (g)(1)(D).''.

    (i) Assistance to Affected State and Federal Agencies.--
            (1) In general.--Section 139(j) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Authority to provide funds.--The Secretary may 
                allow a public entity receiving financial assistance 
                from the Department of Transportation under this title 
                or chapter 53 of title 49 to provide funds to Federal 
                agencies (including the Department), State agencies, and 
                Indian tribes participating in the environmental review 
                process for the project or program.
                    ``(B) Use of funds.--Funds referred to in 
                subparagraph (A) may be provided only to support 
                activities that directly and meaningfully contribute to 
                expediting and improving permitting and review 
                processes, including planning, approval, and 
                consultation processes for the project or program.''.
            (2) Activities eligible for funding.--Section 139(j)(2) of 
        title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
        ``activities directly related to the environmental review 
        process,'' before ``dedicated staffing,''.
            (3) Agreement.--Section 139(j) of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(6) Agreement.--Prior to providing funds approved by the 
        Secretary for dedicated staffing at an affected agency under

[[Page 129 STAT. 1385]]

        paragraphs (1) and (2), the affected agency and the requesting 
        public entity shall enter into an agreement that establishes the 
        projects and priorities to be addressed by the use of the 
        funds.''.

    (j) Accelerated Decisionmaking; Improving Transparency in 
Environmental Reviews.--
            (1) In general.--Section 139 of title 23, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``(n) Accelerated Decisionmaking in Environmental Reviews.--
            ``(1) In general.--In preparing a final environmental impact 
        statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
        (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if the lead agency modifies the 
        statement in response to comments that are minor and are 
        confined to factual corrections or explanations of why the 
        comments do not warrant additional agency response, the lead 
        agency may write on errata sheets attached to the statement 
        instead of rewriting the draft statement, subject to the 
        condition that the errata sheets--
                    ``(A) cite the sources, authorities, and reasons 
                that support the position of the agency; and
                    ``(B) if appropriate, indicate the circumstances 
                that would trigger agency reappraisal or further 
                response.
            ``(2) Single document.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
        the lead agency shall expeditiously develop a single document 
        that consists of a final environmental impact statement and a 
        record of decision, unless--
                    ``(A) the final environmental impact statement makes 
                substantial changes to the proposed action that are 
                relevant to environmental or safety concerns; or
                    ``(B) there is a significant new circumstance or 
                information relevant to environmental concerns that 
                bears on the proposed action or the impacts of the 
                proposed action.

    ``(o) Improving Transparency in Environmental Reviews.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date 
        of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) use the searchable Internet website maintained 
                under section 41003(b) of the FAST Act--
                          ``(i) to make publicly available the status 
                      and progress of projects requiring an 
                      environmental assessment or an environmental 
                      impact statement with respect to compliance with 
                      applicable requirements of the National 
                      Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 
                      et seq.) and any other Federal, State, or local 
                      approval required for those projects; and
                          ``(ii) to make publicly available the names of 
                      participating agencies not participating in the 
                      development of a project purpose and need and 
                      range of alternatives under subsection (f); and
                    ``(B) issue reporting standards to meet the 
                requirements of subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) Federal, state, and local agency participation.--
                    ``(A) Federal agencies.--A Federal agency 
                participating in the environmental review or permitting 
                process for a project shall provide to the Secretary 
                information regarding the status and progress of the 
                approval of the project for publication on the Internet 
                website referred

[[Page 129 STAT. 1386]]

                to in paragraph (1)(A), consistent with the standards 
                established under paragraph (1)(B).
                    ``(B) State and local agencies.--The Secretary shall 
                encourage State and local agencies participating in the 
                environmental review permitting process for a project to 
                provide information regarding the status and progress of 
                the approval of the project for publication on the 
                Internet website referred to in paragraph (1)(A).
            ``(3) States with delegated authority.--A State with 
        delegated authority for responsibilities under the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
        pursuant to section 327 shall be responsible for supplying to 
        the Secretary project development and compliance status for all 
        applicable projects.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1319 of MAP-21 (42 U.S.C. 
        4332a), and the item relating to that section in the table of 
        contents contained in section 1(c) of that Act, are repealed.

    (k) <<NOTE: 23 USC 139 note.>>  Implementation of Programmatic 
Compliance.--
            (1) Rulemaking.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall complete a rulemaking 
        to implement the provisions of section 139(b)(3) of title 23, 
        United States Code, as amended by this section.
            (2) Consultation.--Before initiating the rulemaking under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with relevant Federal 
        agencies, relevant State resource agencies, State departments of 
        transportation, Indian tribes, and the public on the appropriate 
        use and scope of the programmatic approaches.
            (3) Requirements.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall ensure that the rulemaking meets the 
        requirements of section 139(b)(3)(B) of title 23, United States 
        Code, as amended by this section.
            (4) Comment period.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) allow not fewer than 60 days for public notice 
                and comment on the proposed rule; and
                    (B) address any comments received under this 
                subsection.
SEC. 1305. INTEGRATION OF PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW.

    Section 168 of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 168. Integration of planning and environmental review

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Environmental review process.--The term `environmental 
        review process' has the meaning given the term in section 
        139(a).
            ``(2) Lead agency.--The term `lead agency' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 139(a).
            ``(3) Planning product.--The term `planning product' means a 
        decision, analysis, study, or other documented information that 
        is the result of an evaluation or decisionmaking process carried 
        out by a metropolitan planning organization or a State, as 
        appropriate, during metropolitan or statewide transportation 
        planning under section 134 or 135, respectively.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1387]]

            ``(4) Project.--The term `project' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 139(a).
            ``(5) Project sponsor.--The term `project sponsor' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 139(a).
            ``(6) Relevant agency.--The term `relevant agency' means the 
        agency with authority under subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
        subsection (b)(1).

    ``(b) Adoption or Incorporation by Reference of Planning Products 
for Use in NEPA Proceedings.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to subsection (d) and to the 
        maximum extent practicable and appropriate, the following 
        agencies may adopt or incorporate by reference and use a 
        planning product in proceedings relating to any class of action 
        in the environmental review process of the project:
                    ``(A) The lead agency for a project, with respect to 
                an environmental impact statement, environmental 
                assessment, categorical exclusion, or other document 
                prepared under the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
                    ``(B) The cooperating agency with responsibility 
                under Federal law, with respect to the process for and 
                completion of any environmental permit, approval, 
                review, or study required for a project under any 
                Federal law other than the National Environmental Policy 
                Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), if consistent with 
                that law.
            ``(2) Identification.--If the relevant agency makes a 
        determination to adopt or incorporate by reference and use a 
        planning product, the relevant agency shall identify the 
        agencies that participated in the development of the planning 
        products.
            ``(3) Adoption or incorporation by reference of planning 
        products.--The relevant agency may--
                    ``(A) adopt or incorporate by reference an entire 
                planning product under paragraph (1); or
                    ``(B) select portions of a planning project under 
                paragraph (1) for adoption or incorporation by 
                reference.
            ``(4) Timing.--A determination under paragraph (1) with 
        respect to the adoption or incorporation by reference of a 
        planning product may--
                    ``(A) be made at the time the relevant agencies 
                decide the appropriate scope of environmental review for 
                the project; or
                    ``(B) occur later in the environmental review 
                process, as appropriate.

    ``(c) Applicability.--
            ``(1) Planning decisions.--The relevant agency in the 
        environmental review process may adopt or incorporate by 
        reference decisions from a planning product, including--
                    ``(A) whether tolling, private financial assistance, 
                or other special financial measures are necessary to 
                implement the project;
                    ``(B) a decision with respect to general travel 
                corridor or modal choice, including a decision to 
                implement corridor or subarea study recommendations to 
                advance different modal solutions as separate projects 
                with independent utility;
                    ``(C) the purpose and the need for the proposed 
                action;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1388]]

                    ``(D) preliminary screening of alternatives and 
                elimination of unreasonable alternatives;
                    ``(E) a basic description of the environmental 
                setting;
                    ``(F) a decision with respect to methodologies for 
                analysis; and
                    ``(G) an identification of programmatic level 
                mitigation for potential impacts of a project, including 
                a programmatic mitigation plan developed in accordance 
                with section 169, that the relevant agency determines 
                are more effectively addressed on a national or regional 
                scale, including--
                          ``(i) measures to avoid, minimize, and 
                      mitigate impacts at a national or regional scale 
                      of proposed transportation investments on 
                      environmental resources, including regional 
                      ecosystem and water resources; and
                          ``(ii) potential mitigation activities, 
                      locations, and investments.
            ``(2) Planning analyses.--The relevant agency in the 
        environmental review process may adopt or incorporate by 
        reference analyses from a planning product, including--
                    ``(A) travel demands;
                    ``(B) regional development and growth;
                    ``(C) local land use, growth management, and 
                development;
                    ``(D) population and employment;
                    ``(E) natural and built environmental conditions;
                    ``(F) environmental resources and environmentally 
                sensitive areas;
                    ``(G) potential environmental effects, including the 
                identification of resources of concern and potential 
                direct, indirect, and cumulative effects on those 
                resources; and
                    ``(H) mitigation needs for a proposed project, or 
                for programmatic level mitigation, for potential effects 
                that the lead agency determines are most effectively 
                addressed at a regional or national program level.

    ``(d) Conditions.--The relevant agency in the environmental review 
process may adopt or incorporate by reference a planning product under 
this section if the relevant agency determines, with the concurrence of 
the lead agency and, if the planning product is necessary for a 
cooperating agency to issue a permit, review, or approval for the 
project, with the concurrence of the cooperating agency, that the 
following conditions have been met:
            ``(1) The planning product was developed through a planning 
        process conducted pursuant to applicable Federal law.
            ``(2) The planning product was developed in consultation 
        with appropriate Federal and State resource agencies and Indian 
        tribes.
            ``(3) The planning process included broad multidisciplinary 
        consideration of systems-level or corridor-wide transportation 
        needs and potential effects, including effects on the human and 
        natural environment.
            ``(4) The planning process included public notice that the 
        planning products produced in the planning process may be 
        adopted during a subsequent environmental review process in 
        accordance with this section.
            ``(5) During the environmental review process, the relevant 
        agency has--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1389]]

                    ``(A) made the planning documents available for 
                public review and comment by members of the general 
                public and Federal, State, local, and tribal governments 
                that may have an interest in the proposed project;
                    ``(B) provided notice of the intention of the 
                relevant agency to adopt or incorporate by reference the 
                planning product; and
                    ``(C) considered any resulting comments.
            ``(6) There is no significant new information or new 
        circumstance that has a reasonable likelihood of affecting the 
        continued validity or appropriateness of the planning product.
            ``(7) The planning product has a rational basis and is based 
        on reliable and reasonably current data and reasonable and 
        scientifically acceptable methodologies.
            ``(8) The planning product is documented in sufficient 
        detail to support the decision or the results of the analysis 
        and to meet requirements for use of the information in the 
        environmental review process.
            ``(9) The planning product is appropriate for adoption or 
        incorporation by reference and use in the environmental review 
        process for the project and is incorporated in accordance with, 
        and is sufficient to meet the requirements of, the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and 
        section 1502.21 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
        effect on the date of enactment of the FAST Act).
            ``(10) The planning product was approved within the 5-year 
        period ending on the date on which the information is adopted or 
        incorporated by reference.

    ``(e) Effect of Adoption or Incorporation by Reference.--Any 
planning product adopted or incorporated by reference by the relevant 
agency in accordance with this section may be--
            ``(1) incorporated directly into an environmental review 
        process document or other environmental document; and
            ``(2) relied on and used by other Federal agencies in 
        carrying out reviews of the project.

    ``(f) Rules of Construction.--
            ``(1) In general.--This section does not make the 
        environmental review process applicable to the transportation 
        planning process conducted under this title and chapter 53 of 
        title 49.
            ``(2) Transportation planning activities.--Initiation of the 
        environmental review process as a part of, or concurrently with, 
        transportation planning activities does not subject 
        transportation plans and programs to the environmental review 
        process.
            ``(3) Planning products.--This section does not affect the 
        use of planning products in the environmental review process 
        pursuant to other authorities under any other provision of law 
        or restrict the initiation of the environmental review process 
        during planning.''.
SEC. 1306. DEVELOPMENT OF PROGRAMMATIC MITIGATION PLANS.

    Section 169(f) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``may use'' and inserting ``shall give 
        substantial weight to''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or other Federal environmental law'' 
        before the period at the end.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1390]]

SEC. 1307. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR STATES.

    Section 326 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
                paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Assistance to states.--On request of a Governor of a 
        State, the Secretary shall provide to the State technical 
        assistance, training, or other support relating to--
                    ``(A) assuming responsibility under subsection (a);
                    ``(B) developing a memorandum of understanding under 
                this subsection; or
                    ``(C) addressing a responsibility in need of 
                corrective action under subsection (d)(1)(B).''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) Termination by secretary.--The Secretary may terminate 
        the participation of any State in the program if--
                    ``(A) the Secretary determines that the State is not 
                adequately carrying out the responsibilities assigned to 
                the State;
                    ``(B) the Secretary provides to the State--
                          ``(i) a notification of the determination of 
                      noncompliance;
                          ``(ii) a period of not less than 120 days to 
                      take such corrective action as the Secretary 
                      determines to be necessary to comply with the 
                      applicable agreement; and
                          ``(iii) on request of the Governor of the 
                      State, a detailed description of each 
                      responsibility in need of corrective action 
                      regarding an inadequacy identified under 
                      subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(C) the State, after the notification and period 
                described in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (B), 
                fails to take satisfactory corrective action, as 
                determined by the Secretary.''.
SEC. 1308. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROJECT DELIVERY PROGRAM.

    Section 327 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)(B)(iii) by striking ``(42 U.S.C. 13 
        4321 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(4) by inserting ``reasonably'' before 
        ``considers necessary'';
            (3) in subsection (e) by inserting ``and without further 
        approval of'' after ``in lieu of'';
            (4) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--To ensure compliance by a State with any 
        agreement of the State under subsection (c) (including 
        compliance by the State with all Federal laws for which 
        responsibility is assumed under subsection (a)(2)), for each 
        State participating in the program under this section, the 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) not later than 180 days after the date of 
                execution of the agreement, meet with the State to 
                review

[[Page 129 STAT. 1391]]

                implementation of the agreement and discuss plans for 
                the first annual audit;
                    ``(B) conduct annual audits during each of the first 
                4 years of State participation; and
                    ``(C) ensure that the time period for completing an 
                annual audit, from initiation to completion (including 
                public comment and responses to those comments), does 
                not exceed 180 days.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Audit team.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An audit conducted under 
                paragraph (1) shall be carried out by an audit team 
                determined by the Secretary, in consultation with the 
                State, in accordance with subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Consultation.--Consultation with the State 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include a reasonable 
                opportunity for the State to review and provide comments 
                on the proposed members of the audit team.'';
            (5) in subsection (j) by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) Termination by secretary.--The Secretary may terminate 
        the participation of any State in the program if--
                    ``(A) the Secretary determines that the State is not 
                adequately carrying out the responsibilities assigned to 
                the State;
                    ``(B) the Secretary provides to the State--
                          ``(i) a notification of the determination of 
                      noncompliance;
                          ``(ii) a period of not less than 120 days to 
                      take such corrective action as the Secretary 
                      determines to be necessary to comply with the 
                      applicable agreement; and
                          ``(iii) on request of the Governor of the 
                      State, a detailed description of each 
                      responsibility in need of corrective action 
                      regarding an inadequacy identified under 
                      subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(C) the State, after the notification and period 
                provided under subparagraph (B), fails to take 
                satisfactory corrective action, as determined by the 
                Secretary.''; and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(k) Capacity Building.--The Secretary, in cooperation with 
representatives of State officials, may carry out education, training, 
peer-exchange, and other initiatives as appropriate--
            ``(1) to assist States in developing the capacity to 
        participate in the assignment program under this section; and
            ``(2) to promote information sharing and collaboration among 
        States that are participating in the assignment program under 
        this section.

    ``(l) Relationship to Locally Administered Projects.--A State 
granted authority under this section may, as appropriate and at the 
request of a local government--
            ``(1) exercise such authority on behalf of the local 
        government for a locally administered project; or
            ``(2) provide guidance and training on consolidating and 
        minimizing the documentation and environmental analyses 
        necessary for sponsors of a locally administered project to 
        comply with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
        U.S.C.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1392]]

        4321 et seq.) and any comparable requirements under State 
        law.''.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 330 note.>>  1309. PROGRAM FOR ELIMINATING 
                          DUPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to eliminate 
duplication of environmental reviews and approvals under State laws and 
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    (b) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 330. <<NOTE: 23 USC 330 note.>>  Program for eliminating 
                duplication of environmental reviews

    ``(a) Establishment.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot 
        program to authorize States that have assumed responsibilities 
        of the Secretary under section 327 and are approved to 
        participate in the program under this section to conduct 
        environmental reviews and make approvals for projects under 
        State environmental laws and regulations instead of the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), 
        consistent with the requirements of this section.
            ``(2) Participating states.--The Secretary may select not 
        more than 5 States to participate in the program.
            ``(3) Alternative environmental review and approval 
        procedures defined.--In this section, the term `alternative 
        environmental review and approval procedures' means--
                    ``(A) substitution of 1 or more State environmental 
                laws for--
                          ``(i) the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                      1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                          ``(ii) any provisions of section 139 
                      establishing procedures for the implementation of 
                      the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                      U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) that are under the authority 
                      of the Secretary, as the Secretary, in 
                      consultation with the State, considers 
                      appropriate; and
                          ``(iii) related regulations and Executive 
                      orders; and
                    ``(B) substitution of 1 or more State environmental 
                regulations for--
                          ``(i) the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                      1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                          ``(ii) any provisions of section 139 
                      establishing procedures for the implementation of 
                      the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                      U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) that are under the authority 
                      of the Secretary, as the Secretary, in 
                      consultation with the State, considers 
                      appropriate; and
                          ``(iii) related regulations and Executive 
                      orders.

    ``(b) Application.--To be eligible to participate in the program, a 
State shall submit to the Secretary an application containing such 
information as the Secretary may require, including--
            ``(1) a full and complete description of the proposed 
        alternative environmental review and approval procedures of the 
        State, including--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1393]]

                    ``(A) the procedures the State uses to engage the 
                public and consider alternatives to the proposed action; 
                and
                    ``(B) the extent to which the State considers 
                environmental consequences or impacts on resources 
                potentially impacted by the proposed action (such as 
                air, water, or species);
            ``(2) each Federal requirement described in subsection 
        (a)(3) that the State is seeking to substitute;
            ``(3) each State law or regulation that the State intends to 
        substitute for such Federal requirement;
            ``(4) an explanation of the basis for concluding that the 
        State law or regulation is at least as stringent as the Federal 
        requirement described in subsection (a)(3);
            ``(5) a description of the projects or classes of projects 
        for which the State anticipates exercising the authority that 
        may be granted under the program;
            ``(6) verification that the State has the financial 
        resources necessary to carry out the authority that may be 
        granted under the program;
            ``(7) evidence of having sought, received, and addressed 
        comments on the proposed application from the public; and
            ``(8) any such additional information as the Secretary, or, 
        with respect to section (d)(1)(A), the Secretary in consultation 
        with the Chair, may require.

    ``(c) Review of Application.--In accordance with subsection (d), the 
Secretary shall--
            ``(1) review and accept public comments on an application 
        submitted under subsection (b);
            ``(2) approve or disapprove the application not later than 
        120 days after the date of receipt of an application that the 
        Secretary determines is complete; and
            ``(3) transmit to the State notice of the approval or 
        disapproval, together with a statement of the reasons for the 
        approval or disapproval.

    ``(d) Approval of Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall approve an 
        application submitted under subsection (b) only if--
                    ``(A) the Secretary, with the concurrence of the 
                Chair and after considering any public comments received 
                pursuant to subsection (c), determines that the laws and 
                regulations of the State described in the application 
                are at least as stringent as the Federal requirements 
                described in subsection (a)(3);
                    ``(B) the Secretary, after considering any public 
                comments received pursuant to subsection (c), determines 
                that the State has the capacity, including financial and 
                personnel, to assume the responsibility;
                    ``(C) the State has executed an agreement with the 
                Secretary in accordance with section 327; and
                    ``(D) the State has executed an agreement with the 
                Secretary under this section that--
                          ``(i) has been executed by the Governor or the 
                      top-ranking transportation official in the State 
                      who is charged with responsibility for highway 
                      construction;
                          ``(ii) is in such form as the Secretary may 
                      prescribe;
                          ``(iii) provides that the State--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1394]]

                                    ``(I) agrees to assume the 
                                responsibilities, as identified by the 
                                Secretary, under this section;
                                    ``(II) expressly consents, on behalf 
                                of the State, to accept the jurisdiction 
                                of the Federal courts under subsection 
                                (e)(1) for the compliance, discharge, 
                                and enforcement of any responsibility 
                                under this section;
                                    ``(III) certifies that State laws 
                                (including regulations) are in effect 
                                that--
                                            ``(aa) authorize the State 
                                        to take the actions necessary to 
                                        carry out the responsibilities 
                                        being assumed; and
                                            ``(bb) are comparable to 
                                        section 552 of title 5, 
                                        including providing that any 
                                        decision regarding the public 
                                        availability of a document under 
                                        those State laws is reviewable 
                                        by a court of competent 
                                        jurisdiction; and
                                    ``(IV) agrees to maintain the 
                                financial resources necessary to carry 
                                out the responsibilities being assumed;
                          ``(iv) requires the State to provide to the 
                      Secretary any information the Secretary reasonably 
                      considers necessary to ensure that the State is 
                      adequately carrying out the responsibilities 
                      assigned to the State;
                          ``(v) has a term of not more than 5 years; and
                          ``(vi) is renewable.
            ``(2) Exclusion.--The National Environmental Policy Act of 
        1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) shall not apply to a decision by 
        the Secretary to approve or disapprove an application submitted 
        under this section.

    ``(e) Judicial Review.--
            ``(1) In general.--The United States district courts shall 
        have exclusive jurisdiction over any civil action against a 
        State relating to the failure of the State--
                    ``(A) to meet the requirements of this section; or
                    ``(B) to follow the alternative environmental review 
                and approval procedures approved pursuant to this 
                section.
            ``(2) Limitation on review.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, a claim seeking judicial review of a 
                permit, license, or approval issued by a State under 
                this section shall be barred unless the claim is filed 
                not later than 2 years after the date of publication in 
                the Federal Register by the Secretary of a notice that 
                the permit, license, or approval is final pursuant to 
                the law under which the action is taken.
                    ``(B) Deadlines.--
                          ``(i) Notification.--The State shall notify 
                      the Secretary of the final action of the State not 
                      later than 10 days after the final action is 
                      taken.
                          ``(ii) Publication.--The Secretary shall 
                      publish the notice of final action in the Federal 
                      Register not later than 30 days after the date of 
                      receipt of the notice under clause (i).
                    ``(C) Savings provision.--Nothing in this subsection 
                creates a right to judicial review or places any limit 
                on

[[Page 129 STAT. 1395]]

                filing a claim that a person has violated the terms of a 
                permit, license, or approval.
            ``(3) New information.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State shall consider new 
                information received after the close of a comment period 
                if the information satisfies the requirements for a 
                supplemental environmental impact statement under 
                section 771.130 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations 
                (or successor regulations).
                    ``(B) Treatment of final agency action.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The final agency action 
                      that follows preparation of a supplemental 
                      environmental impact statement, if required, shall 
                      be considered a separate final agency action, and 
                      the deadline for filing a claim for judicial 
                      review of the action shall be 2 years after the 
                      date of publication in the Federal Register by the 
                      Secretary of a notice announcing such action.
                          ``(ii) Deadlines.--
                                    ``(I) Notification.--The State shall 
                                notify the Secretary of the final action 
                                of the State not later than 10 days 
                                after the final action is taken.
                                    ``(II) Publication.--The Secretary 
                                shall publish the notice of final action 
                                in the Federal Register not later than 
                                30 days after the date of receipt of the 
                                notice under subclause (I).

    ``(f) Election.--A State participating in the programs under this 
section and section 327, at the discretion of the State, may elect to 
apply the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
seq.) instead of the alternative environmental review and approval 
procedures of the State.
    ``(g) Adoption or Incorporation by Reference of Documents.--To the 
maximum extent practicable and consistent with Federal law, other 
Federal agencies with authority over a project subject to this section 
shall adopt or incorporate by reference documents produced by a 
participating State under this section to satisfy the requirements of 
the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    ``(h) Relationship to Locally Administered Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State with an approved program under 
        this section, at the request of a local government, may exercise 
        authority under that program on behalf of up to 25 local 
        governments for locally administered projects.
            ``(2) Scope.--For up to 25 local governments selected by a 
        State with an approved program under this section, the State 
        shall be responsible for ensuring that any environmental review, 
        consultation, or other action required under the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) or the 
        State program, or both, meets the requirements of such Act or 
        program.

    ``(i) Review and Termination.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State program approved under this 
        section shall at all times be in accordance with the 
        requirements of this section.
            ``(2) Review.--The Secretary shall review each State program 
        approved under this section not less than once every 5 years.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1396]]

            ``(3) Public notice and comment.--In conducting the review 
        process under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide notice 
        and an opportunity for public comment.
            ``(4) Withdrawal of approval.--If the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the Chair, determines at any time that a State 
        is not administering a State program approved under this section 
        in accordance with the requirements of this section, the 
        Secretary shall so notify the State, and if appropriate 
        corrective action is not taken within a reasonable time, not to 
        exceed 90 days, the Secretary shall withdraw approval of the 
        State program.
            ``(5) Extensions and terminations.--At the conclusion of the 
        review process under paragraph (2), the Secretary may extend for 
        an additional 5-year period or terminate the authority of a 
        State under this section to substitute the laws and regulations 
        of the State for the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
        (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

    ``(j) Report to Congress.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
Works of the Senate a report that describes the administration of the 
program, including--
            ``(1) the number of States participating in the program;
            ``(2) the number and types of projects for which each State 
        participating in the program has used alternative environmental 
        review and approval procedures;
            ``(3) a description and assessment of whether implementation 
        of the program has resulted in more efficient review of 
        projects; and
            ``(4) any recommendations for modifications to the program.

    ``(k) Sunset.--The program shall terminate 12 years after the date 
of enactment of this section.
    ``(l) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Chair.--The term `Chair' means the Chair of the 
        Council on Environmental Quality.
            ``(2) Multimodal project.--The term `multimodal project' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 139(a).
            ``(3) Program.--The term `program' means the pilot program 
        established under this section.
            ``(4) Project.--The term `project' means--
                    ``(A) a project requiring approval under this title, 
                chapter 53 of subtitle III of title 49, or subtitle V of 
                title 49; and
                    ``(B) a multimodal project.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 23 USC 330 note.>>  Rulemaking.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality, shall promulgate 
        regulations to implement the requirements of section 330 of 
        title 23, United States Code, as added by this section.
            (2) Determination of stringency.--As part of the rulemaking 
        required under this subsection, the Chair shall--
                    (A) establish the criteria necessary to determine 
                that a State law or regulation is at least as stringent 
                as a

[[Page 129 STAT. 1397]]

                Federal requirement described in section 330(a)(3) of 
                title 23, United States Code; and
                    (B) ensure that the criteria, at a minimum--
                          (i) provide for protection of the environment;
                          (ii) provide opportunity for public 
                      participation and comment, including access to the 
                      documentation necessary to review the potential 
                      impact of a project; and
                          (iii) ensure a consistent review of projects 
                      that would otherwise have been covered under the 
                      National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                      U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).

    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 23, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 301.>>  is amended by adding at 
the end the following:

``330. Program for eliminating duplication of environmental reviews.''.

SEC. 1310. APPLICATION OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSIONS FOR MULTIMODAL 
                          PROJECTS.

    Section 304 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``operating authority that'' 
                      and inserting ``operating administration or 
                      secretarial office that has expertise but''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``proposed multimodal'' 
                      after ``with respect to a''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Lead authority.--The term `lead authority' means a 
        Department of Transportation operating administration or 
        secretarial office that has the lead responsibility for 
        compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
        (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) with respect to a proposed multimodal 
        project.'';
            (2) in subsection (b) by inserting ``or title 23'' after 
        ``under this title'';
            (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:

    ``(c) Application of Categorical Exclusions for Multimodal 
Projects.--In considering the environmental impacts of a proposed 
multimodal project, a lead authority may apply categorical exclusions 
designated under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) in implementing regulations or procedures of a 
cooperating authority for a proposed multimodal project, subject to the 
conditions that--
            ``(1) the lead authority makes a determination, with the 
        concurrence of the cooperating authority--
                    ``(A) on the applicability of a categorical 
                exclusion to a proposed multimodal project; and
                    ``(B) that the project satisfies the conditions for 
                a categorical exclusion under the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) and this 
                section;
            ``(2) the lead authority follows the implementing 
        regulations of the cooperating authority or procedures under 
        that Act; and
            ``(3) the lead authority determines that--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1398]]

                    ``(A) the proposed multimodal project does not 
                individually or cumulatively have a significant impact 
                on the environment; and
                    ``(B) extraordinary circumstances do not exist that 
                merit additional analysis and documentation in an 
                environmental impact statement or environmental 
                assessment required under that Act.''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:

    ``(d) Cooperating Authority Expertise.--A cooperating authority 
shall provide expertise to the lead authority on aspects of the 
multimodal project in which the cooperating authority has expertise.''.
SEC. 1311. ACCELERATED DECISIONMAKING IN ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 304 the following:
``Sec. 304a. <<NOTE: 49 USC 304a.>>  Accelerated decisionmaking in 
                  environmental reviews

    ``(a) In General.--In preparing a final environmental impact 
statement under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4321 et seq.), if the lead agency modifies the statement in response to 
comments that are minor and are confined to factual corrections or 
explanations of why the comments do not warrant additional agency 
response, the lead agency may write on errata sheets attached to the 
statement, instead of rewriting the draft statement, subject to the 
condition that the errata sheets--
            ``(1) cite the sources, authorities, and reasons that 
        support the position of the agency; and
            ``(2) if appropriate, indicate the circumstances that would 
        trigger agency reappraisal or further response.

    ``(b) Single Document.--To the maximum extent practicable, the lead 
agency shall expeditiously develop a single document that consists of a 
final environmental impact statement and a record of decision, unless--
            ``(1) the final environmental impact statement makes 
        substantial changes to the proposed action that are relevant to 
        environmental or safety concerns; or
            ``(2) there is a significant new circumstance or information 
        relevant to environmental concerns that bears on the proposed 
        action or the impacts of the proposed action.

    ``(c) Adoption and Incorporation by Reference of Documents.--
            ``(1) Avoiding duplication.--To prevent duplication of 
        analyses and support expeditious and efficient decisions, the 
        operating administrations of the Department of Transportation 
        shall use adoption and incorporation by reference in accordance 
        with this subsection.
            ``(2) Adoption of documents of other operating 
        administrations.--An operating administration or a secretarial 
        office within the Department of Transportation may adopt a draft 
        environmental impact statement, an environmental assessment, or 
        a final environmental impact statement of another operating 
        administration for the use of the adopting operating 
        administration when preparing an environmental assessment or 
        final environmental impact statement for a

[[Page 129 STAT. 1399]]

        project without recirculating the document for public review, 
        if--
                    ``(A) the adopting operating administration 
                certifies that the proposed action is substantially the 
                same as the project considered in the document to be 
                adopted;
                    ``(B) the other operating administration concurs 
                with such decision; and
                    ``(C) such actions are consistent with the 
                requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
            ``(3) Incorporation by reference.--An operating 
        administration or secretarial office within the Department of 
        Transportation may incorporate by reference all or portions of a 
        draft environmental impact statement, an environmental 
        assessment, or a final environmental impact statement for the 
        use of the adopting operating administration when preparing an 
        environmental assessment or final environmental impact statement 
        for a project if--
                    ``(A) the incorporated material is cited in the 
                environmental assessment or final environmental impact 
                statement and the contents of the incorporated material 
                are briefly described;
                    ``(B) the incorporated material is reasonably 
                available for inspection by potentially interested 
                persons within the time allowed for review and comment; 
                and
                    ``(C) the incorporated material does not include 
                proprietary data that is not available for review and 
                comment.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 301.>>  is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 304 the following:

``304a. Accelerated decisionmaking in environmental reviews.''.

SEC. 1312. IMPROVING STATE AND FEDERAL AGENCY ENGAGEMENT IN 
                          ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after section 306 the following:
``Sec. 307. <<NOTE: 49 USC 307 note.>>  Improving State and 
                Federal agency engagement in environmental reviews

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Requests to provide funds.--A public entity receiving 
        financial assistance from the Department of Transportation for 1 
        or more projects, or for a program of projects, for a public 
        purpose may request that the Secretary allow the public entity 
        to provide funds to Federal agencies, including the Department, 
        State agencies, and Indian tribes participating in the 
        environmental planning and review process for the project, 
        projects, or program.
            ``(2) Use of funds.--The funds may be provided only to 
        support activities that directly and meaningfully contribute to 
        expediting and improving permitting and review processes, 
        including planning, approval, and consultation processes for the 
        project, projects, or program.

    ``(b) Activities Eligible for Funding.--Activities for which funds 
may be provided under subsection (a) include transportation planning 
activities that precede the initiation of the environmental review 
process, activities directly related to the environmental

[[Page 129 STAT. 1400]]

review process, dedicated staffing, training of agency personnel, 
information gathering and mapping, and development of programmatic 
agreements.
    ``(c) Amounts.--A request under subsection (a) may be approved only 
for the additional amounts that the Secretary determines are necessary 
for the Federal agencies, State agencies, or Indian tribes participating 
in the environmental review process to timely conduct the review.
    ``(d) Agreements.--Prior to providing funds approved by the 
Secretary for dedicated staffing at an affected Federal agency under 
subsection (a), the affected Federal agency and the requesting public 
entity shall enter into an agreement that establishes a process to 
identify projects or priorities to be addressed by the use of the funds.
    ``(e) Guidance.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue guidance to 
        implement this section.
            ``(2) Factors.--As part of the guidance issued under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall ensure--
                    ``(A) to the maximum extent practicable, that 
                expediting and improving the process of environmental 
                review and permitting through the use of funds accepted 
                and expended under this section does not adversely 
                affect the timeline for review and permitting by Federal 
                agencies, State agencies, or Indian tribes of other 
                entities that have not contributed funds under this 
                section;
                    ``(B) that the use of funds accepted under this 
                section will not impact impartial decisionmaking with 
                respect to environmental reviews or permits, either 
                substantively or procedurally; and
                    ``(C) that the Secretary maintains, and makes 
                publicly available, including on the Internet, a list of 
                projects or programs for which such review or permits 
                have been carried out using funds authorized under this 
                section.

    ``(f) Existing Authority.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to conflict with section 139(j) of title 23.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 306 the following:

``307. Improving State and Federal agency engagement in environmental 
           reviews.''.

SEC. 1313. ALIGNING FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--Title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 
301.>>  is amended by inserting after section 309 the following:
``Sec. 310. <<NOTE: 49 USC 310.>>  Aligning Federal environmental 
                reviews

    ``(a) Coordinated and Concurrent Environmental Reviews.--Not later 
than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, the Department 
of Transportation, in coordination with the heads of Federal agencies 
likely to have substantive review or approval responsibilities under 
Federal law, shall develop a coordinated and concurrent environmental 
review and permitting process for transportation projects when 
initiating an environmental impact statement under the National 
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) (in this 
section referred to as `NEPA').

[[Page 129 STAT. 1401]]

    ``(b) Contents.--The coordinated and concurrent environmental review 
and permitting process developed under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) ensure that the Department of Transportation and 
        agencies of jurisdiction possess sufficient information early in 
        the review process to determine a statement of a transportation 
        project's purpose and need and range of alternatives for 
        analysis that the lead agency and agencies of jurisdiction will 
        rely on for concurrent environmental reviews and permitting 
        decisions required for the proposed project;
            ``(2) achieve early concurrence or issue resolution during 
        the NEPA scoping process on the Department of Transportation's 
        statement of a project's purpose and need, and during 
        development of the environmental impact statement on the range 
        of alternatives for analysis, that the lead agency and agencies 
        of jurisdiction will rely on for concurrent environmental 
        reviews and permitting decisions required for the proposed 
        project absent circumstances that require reconsideration in 
        order to meet an agency of jurisdiction's obligations under a 
        statute or Executive order; and
            ``(3) achieve concurrence or issue resolution in an 
        expedited manner if circumstances arise that require a 
        reconsideration of the purpose and need or range of alternatives 
        considered during any Federal agency's environmental or 
        permitting review in order to meet an agency of jurisdiction's 
        obligations under a statute or Executive order.

    ``(c) Environmental Checklist.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation and 
        Federal agencies of jurisdiction likely to have substantive 
        review or approval responsibilities on transportation projects 
        shall jointly develop a checklist to help project sponsors 
        identify potential natural, cultural, and historic resources in 
        the area of a proposed project.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the checklist shall be to--
                    ``(A) identify agencies of jurisdiction and 
                cooperating agencies;
                    ``(B) develop the information needed for the purpose 
                and need and alternatives for analysis; and
                    ``(C) improve interagency collaboration to help 
                expedite the permitting process for the lead agency and 
                agencies of jurisdiction.

    ``(d) Interagency Collaboration.--
            ``(1) In general.--Consistent with Federal environmental 
        statutes, the Secretary of Transportation shall facilitate 
        annual interagency collaboration sessions at the appropriate 
        jurisdictional level to coordinate business plans and facilitate 
        coordination of workload planning and workforce management.
            ``(2) Purpose of collaboration sessions.--The interagency 
        collaboration sessions shall ensure that agency staff is--
                    ``(A) fully engaged;
                    ``(B) utilizing the flexibility of existing 
                regulations, policies, and guidance; and
                    ``(C) identifying additional actions to facilitate 
                high quality, efficient, and targeted environmental 
                reviews and permitting decisions.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1402]]

            ``(3) Focus of collaboration sessions.--The interagency 
        collaboration sessions, and the interagency collaborations 
        generated by the sessions, shall focus on methods to--
                    ``(A) work with State and local transportation 
                entities to improve project planning, siting, and 
                application quality; and
                    ``(B) consult and coordinate with relevant 
                stakeholders and Federal, tribal, State, and local 
                representatives early in permitting processes.
            ``(4) Consultation.--The interagency collaboration sessions 
        shall include a consultation with groups or individuals 
        representing State, tribal, and local governments that are 
        engaged in the infrastructure permitting process.

    ``(e) Performance Measurement.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
of enactment of this section, the Secretary of Transportation, in 
coordination with relevant Federal agencies, shall establish a program 
to measure and report on progress toward aligning Federal reviews and 
reducing permitting and project delivery time as outlined in this 
section.
    ``(f) Reports.--
            ``(1) Report to congress.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of this section and biennially thereafter, the 
        Secretary of Transportation shall submit to the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives a report that describes--
                    ``(A) progress in aligning Federal environmental 
                reviews under this section; and
                    ``(B) the impact this section has had on 
                accelerating the environmental review and permitting 
                process.
            ``(2) Inspector general report.--Not later than 3 years 
        after the date of enactment of this section, the Inspector 
        General of the Department of Transportation shall submit to the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
        House of Representatives a report that describes--
                    ``(A) progress in aligning Federal environmental 
                reviews under this section; and
                    ``(B) the impact this section has had on 
                accelerating the environmental review and permitting 
                process.

    ``(g) Savings Provision.--This section shall not apply to any 
project subject to section 139 of title 23.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 301.>>  is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 309 the following:

``310. Aligning Federal environmental reviews.''.

SEC. 1314. CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR PROJECTS OF LIMITED FEDERAL 
                          ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Adjustment for Inflation.--Section 1317 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 109 
note; Public Law 112-141) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A) by inserting ``(as adjusted annually 
        by the Secretary to reflect any increases in the Consumer Price 
        Index prepared by the Department of Labor)'' after 
        ``$5,000,000''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1)(B) by inserting ``(as adjusted annually 
        by the Secretary to reflect any increases in the Consumer

[[Page 129 STAT. 1403]]

        Price Index prepared by the Department of Labor)'' after 
        ``$30,000,000''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 109 note.>>  Retroactive Application.--The first 
adjustment made pursuant to the amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) be carried out not later than 60 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act; and
            (2) reflect the increase in the Consumer Price Index since 
        July 1, 2012.
SEC. 1315. PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT TEMPLATE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1318 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 109 note; Public 
Law 112-141) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Programmatic Agreement Template.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a template 
        programmatic agreement described in subsection (d) that provides 
        for efficient and adequate procedures for evaluating Federal 
        actions described in section 771.117(c) of title 23, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of 
        this subsection).
            ``(2) Use of template.--The Secretary--
                    ``(A) on receipt of a request from a State, shall 
                use the template programmatic agreement developed under 
                paragraph (1) in carrying out this section; and
                    ``(B) on consent of the applicable State, may modify 
                the template as necessary to address the unique needs 
                and characteristics of the State.
            ``(3) Outcome measurements.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        method to verify that actions described in section 771.117(c) of 
        title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date 
        of enactment of this subsection), are evaluated and documented 
        in a consistent manner by the State that uses the template 
        programmatic agreement under this subsection.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 109 note.>>  Categorical Exclusion 
Determinations.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall revise section 771.117(g) of title 23, 
Code of Federal Regulations, to allow a programmatic agreement under 
this section to include responsibility for making categorical exclusion 
determinations--
            (1) for actions described in subsections (c) and (d) of 
        section 771.117 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations; and
            (2) that meet the criteria for a categorical exclusion under 
        section 1508.4 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
        effect on the date of enactment of this Act), and are identified 
        in the programmatic agreement.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 106 note.>>  1316. ASSUMPTION OF AUTHORITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall use the authority under section 
106(c) of title 23, United States Code, to the maximum extent 
practicable, to allow a State to assume the responsibilities of the 
Secretary for project design, plans, specifications, estimates, contract 
awards, and inspection of projects, on both a project-specific and 
programmatic basis.
    (b) Submission of Recommendations.--Not later than 18 months after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with 
the States, shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of

[[Page 129 STAT. 1404]]

the Senate recommendations for legislation to permit the assumption of 
additional authorities by States, including with respect to real estate 
acquisition and project design.
SEC. 1317. MODERNIZATION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROCESS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall examine ways to modernize, simplify, 
and improve the implementation of the National Environmental Policy Act 
of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) by the Department.
    (b) Inclusions.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
consider--
            (1) the use of technology in the process, such as--
                    (A) searchable databases;
                    (B) geographic information system mapping tools;
                    (C) integration of those tools with fiscal 
                management systems to provide more detailed data; and
                    (D) other innovative technologies;
            (2) ways to prioritize use of programmatic environmental 
        impact statements;
            (3) methods to encourage cooperating agencies to present 
        analyses in a concise format; and
            (4) any other improvements that can be made to modernize 
        process implementation.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report describing the 
results of the review carried out under subsection (a).
SEC. 1318. ASSESSMENT OF PROGRESS ON ACCELERATING PROJECT 
                          DELIVERY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall assess 
the progress made under this Act, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141), and 
SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59), including the amendments made by those 
Acts, to accelerate the delivery of Federal-aid highway and highway 
safety construction projects and public transportation capital projects 
by streamlining the environmental review and permitting process.
    (b) Contents.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
evaluate--
            (1) how often the various streamlining provisions have been 
        used;
            (2) which of the streamlining provisions have had the 
        greatest impact on streamlining the environmental review and 
        permitting process;
            (3) what, if any, impact streamlining of the process has had 
        on environmental protection;
            (4) how, and the extent to which, streamlining provisions 
        have improved and accelerated the process for permitting under 
        the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et 
        seq.), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
        seq.), and other applicable Federal laws;
            (5) what impact actions by the Council on Environmental 
        Quality have had on accelerating Federal-aid highway and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1405]]

        highway safety construction projects and public transportation 
        capital projects;
            (6) the number and percentage of projects that proceed under 
        a traditional environmental assessment or environmental impact 
        statement, and the number and percentage of projects that 
        proceed under categorical exclusions;
            (7) the extent to which the environmental review and 
        permitting process remains a significant source of project delay 
        and the sources of delays; and
            (8) the costs of conducting environmental reviews and 
        issuing permits or licenses for a project, including the cost of 
        contractors and dedicated agency staff.

    (c) Recommendations.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
shall include recommendations with respect to--
            (1) additional opportunities for streamlining the 
        environmental review process, including regulatory or statutory 
        changes to accelerate the processes of Federal agencies (other 
        than the Department) with responsibility for reviewing Federal-
        aid highway and highway safety construction projects and public 
        transportation capital projects without negatively impacting the 
        environment; and
            (2) best practices of other Federal agencies that should be 
        considered for adoption by the Department.

    (d) Report to Congress.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report containing the 
assessment and recommendations required under this section.

                        Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

SEC. 1401. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR AUTOMATED TRAFFIC 
                          ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), for fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020, funds apportioned to a State under section 
104(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code, may not be used to purchase, 
operate, or maintain an automated traffic enforcement system.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) does not apply to an automated 
traffic enforcement system located in a school zone.
    (c) Automated Traffic Enforcement System Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``automated traffic enforcement system'' means any camera that 
captures an image of a vehicle for the purposes of traffic law 
enforcement.
SEC. 1402. HIGHWAY TRUST FUND TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Highway Trust Fund Transparency and Accountability Reports.--
            ``(1) Compilation of data.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall 
        compile data in accordance with this subsection on the use of 
        Federal-aid highway funds made available under this title.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1406]]

            ``(2) Requirements.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
        reports required under this subsection are made available in a 
        user-friendly manner on the public Internet website of the 
        Department of Transportation and can be searched and downloaded 
        by users of the website.
            ``(3) Contents of reports.--
                    ``(A) Apportioned and allocated programs.--On a 
                semiannual basis, the Secretary shall make available a 
                report on funding apportioned and allocated to the 
                States under this title that describes--
                          ``(i) the amount of funding obligated by each 
                      State, year-to-date, for the current fiscal year;
                          ``(ii) the amount of funds remaining available 
                      for obligation by each State;
                          ``(iii) changes in the obligated, unexpended 
                      balance for each State, year-to-date, during the 
                      current fiscal year, including the obligated, 
                      unexpended balance at the end of the preceding 
                      fiscal year and current fiscal year expenditures;
                          ``(iv) the amount and program category of 
                      unobligated funding, year-to-date, available for 
                      expenditure at the discretion of the Secretary;
                          ``(v) the rates of obligation on and off the 
                      National Highway System, year-to-date, for the 
                      current fiscal year of funds apportioned, 
                      allocated, or set aside under this section, 
                      according to--
                                    ``(I) program;
                                    ``(II) funding category or 
                                subcategory;
                                    ``(III) type of improvement;
                                    ``(IV) State; and
                                    ``(V) sub-State geographical area, 
                                including urbanized and rural areas, on 
                                the basis of the population of each such 
                                area; and
                          ``(vi) the amount of funds transferred by each 
                      State, year-to-date, for the current fiscal year 
                      between programs under section 126.
                    ``(B) Project data.--On an annual basis, the 
                Secretary shall make available a report that provides, 
                for any project funded under this title (excluding 
                projects for which funds are transferred to agencies 
                other than the Federal Highway Administration) with an 
                estimated total cost as of the start of construction 
                greater than $25,000,000, and to the maximum extent 
                practicable, other projects funded under this title, 
                project data describing--
                          ``(i) the specific location of the project;
                          ``(ii) the total cost of the project;
                          ``(iii) the amount of Federal funding 
                      obligated for the project;
                          ``(iv) the program or programs from which 
                      Federal funds have been obligated for the project;
                          ``(v) the type of improvement being made, such 
                      as categorizing the project as--
                                    ``(I) a road reconstruction project;
                                    ``(II) a new road construction 
                                project;
                                    ``(III) a new bridge construction 
                                project;
                                    ``(IV) a bridge rehabilitation 
                                project; or
                                    ``(V) a bridge replacement project;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1407]]

                          ``(vi) the ownership of the highway or bridge;
                          ``(vii) whether the project is located in an 
                      area of the State with a population of--
                                    ``(I) less than 5,000 individuals;
                                    ``(II) 5,000 or more individuals but 
                                less than 50,000 individuals;
                                    ``(III) 50,000 or more individuals 
                                but less than 200,000 individuals; or
                                    ``(IV) 200,000 or more individuals; 
                                and
                          ``(viii) available information on the 
                      estimated cost of the project as of the start of 
                      project construction, or the revised cost estimate 
                      based on a description of revisions to the scope 
                      of work or other factors affecting project cost 
                      other than cost overruns.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1503 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 104 
note; Public Law 112-141) is amended by striking subsection (c).
SEC. 1403. ADDITIONAL DEPOSITS INTO HIGHWAY TRUST FUND.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 104 the following:
``Sec. 105. <<NOTE: 23 USC 105.>>  Additional deposits into 
                Highway Trust Fund

    ``(a) In General.--If monies are deposited into the Highway Account 
or Mass Transit Account pursuant to a law enacted subsequent to the date 
of enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall make available 
additional amounts of contract authority under subsections (b) and (c).
    ``(b) Amount of Adjustment.--If monies are deposited into the 
Highway Account or the Mass Transit Account as described in subsection 
(a), on October 1 of the fiscal year following the deposit of such 
monies, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) make available for programs authorized from such 
        account for such fiscal year a total amount equal to--
                    ``(A) the amount otherwise authorized to be 
                appropriated for such programs for such fiscal year; 
                plus
                    ``(B) an amount equal to such monies deposited into 
                such account during the previous fiscal year as 
                described in subsection (a); and
            ``(2) distribute the additional amount under paragraph 
        (1)(B) to each of such programs in accordance with subsection 
        (c).

    ``(c) Distribution of Adjustment Among Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--In making an adjustment for programs 
        authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Account or the 
        Mass Transit Account for a fiscal year under subsection (b), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) determine the ratio that--
                          ``(i) the amount authorized to be appropriated 
                      for a program from the account for the fiscal 
                      year; bears to
                          ``(ii) the total amount authorized to be 
                      appropriated for such fiscal year for all programs 
                      under such account;
                    ``(B) multiply the ratio determined under 
                subparagraph (A) by the amount of the adjustment 
                determined under subsection (b)(1)(B); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1408]]

                    ``(C) adjust the amount that the Secretary would 
                otherwise have allocated for the program for such fiscal 
                year by the amount calculated under subparagraph (B).
            ``(2) Formula programs.--For a program for which funds are 
        distributed by formula, the Secretary shall add the adjustment 
        to the amount authorized for the program but for this section 
        and make available the adjusted program amount for such program 
        in accordance with such formula.
            ``(3) Availability for obligation.--Adjusted amounts under 
        this subsection shall be available for obligation and 
        administered in the same manner as other amounts made available 
        for the program for which the amount is adjusted.

    ``(d) Exclusion of Emergency Relief Program and Covered 
Administrative Expenses.--The Secretary shall exclude the emergency 
relief program under section 125 and covered administrative expenses 
from an adjustment of funding under subsection (c)(1).
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated from the appropriate account or accounts of the Highway 
Trust Fund an amount equal to the amount of an adjustment for a fiscal 
year under subsection (b) for any of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.
    ``(f) Revision to Obligation Limitations.--
            ``(1) In general.--If the Secretary makes an adjustment 
        under subsection (b) for a fiscal year to an amount subject to a 
        limitation on obligations imposed by section 1102 or 3018 of the 
        FAST Act--
                    ``(A) such limitation on obligations for such fiscal 
                year shall be revised by an amount equal to such 
                adjustment; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary shall distribute such limitation 
                on obligations, as revised under subparagraph (A), in 
                accordance with such sections.
            ``(2) Exclusion of covered administrative expenses.--The 
        Secretary shall exclude covered administrative expenses from--
                    ``(A) any calculation relating to a revision of a 
                limitation on obligations under paragraph (1)(A); and
                    ``(B) any distribution of a revised limitation on 
                obligations under paragraph (1)(B).

    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Covered administrative expenses.--The term `covered 
        administrative expenses' means the administrative expenses of--
                    ``(A) the Federal Highway Administration, as 
                authorized under section 104(a);
                    ``(B) the National Highway Traffic Safety 
                Administration, as authorized under section 4001(a)(6) 
                of the FAST Act; and
                    ``(C) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration, as authorized under section 31110 of 
                title 49.
            ``(2) Highway account.--The term `Highway Account' means the 
        portion of the Highway Trust Fund that is not the Mass Transit 
        Account.
            ``(3) Mass transit account.--The term `Mass Transit Account' 
        means the Mass Transit Account of the Highway

[[Page 129 STAT. 1409]]

        Trust Fund established under section 9503(e)(1) of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for such chapter <<NOTE: 23 
USC prec. 101.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 104 the following:

``105. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund.''.

SEC. 1404. DESIGN STANDARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 109 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) 
                      by striking ``may take into account'' and 
                      inserting ``shall consider'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' 
                      at the end;
                          (iii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                      subparagraph (D); and
                          (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                      following:
                    ``(C) cost savings by utilizing flexibility that 
                exists in current design guidance and regulations; 
                and''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at 
                      the end;
                          (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                      subparagraph (F); and
                          (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                      following:
                    ``(D) the publication entitled `Highway Safety 
                Manual' of the American Association of State Highway and 
                Transportation Officials;
                    ``(E) the publication entitled `Urban Street Design 
                Guide' of the National Association of City 
                Transportation Officials; and''; and
            (2) in subsection (f) by inserting ``pedestrian walkways,'' 
        after ``bikeways,''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 109 note.>>  Design Standard Flexibility.--
Notwithstanding section 109(o) of title 23, United States Code, a State 
may allow a local jurisdiction to use a roadway design publication that 
is different from the roadway design publication used by the State in 
which the local jurisdiction is located for the design of a project on a 
roadway under the ownership of the local jurisdiction (other than a 
highway on the Interstate System) if--
            (1) the local jurisdiction is a direct recipient of Federal 
        funds for the project;
            (2) the roadway design publication--
                    (A) is recognized by the Federal Highway 
                Administration; and
                    (B) is adopted by the local jurisdiction; and
            (3) the design complies with all other applicable Federal 
        laws.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1410]]

SEC. 1405. JUSTIFICATION REPORTS FOR ACCESS POINTS ON THE 
                          INTERSTATE SYSTEM.

    Section 111(e) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``(including new or modified freeway-to-crossroad interchanges 
inside a transportation management area)'' after ``the Interstate 
System''.
SEC. 1406. PERFORMANCE PERIOD ADJUSTMENT.

    (a) National Highway Performance Program.--Section 119 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(7), by striking ``for 2 consecutive 
        reports submitted under this paragraph shall include in the next 
        report submitted'' and inserting ``shall include as part of the 
        performance target report under section 150(e)''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(1)(A) in the matter preceding clause 
        (i) by striking ``If, during 2 consecutive reporting periods, 
        the condition of the Interstate System, excluding bridges on the 
        Interstate System, in a State falls'' and inserting ``If a State 
        reports that the condition of the Interstate System, excluding 
        bridges on the Interstate System, has fallen''.

    (b) Highway Safety Improvement Program.--Section 148(i) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``performance targets of the State established under section 
        150(d) by the date that is 2 years after the date of the 
        establishment of the performance targets'' and inserting 
        ``safety performance targets of the State established under 
        section 150(d)''; and
            (2) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by inserting ``safety'' 
        before ``performance targets'' each place it appears.
SEC. 1407. VEHICLE-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE EQUIPMENT.

    (a) National Highway Performance Program.--Section 119(d)(2)(L) of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``, including the 
installation of vehicle-to-infrastructure communication equipment'' 
after ``capital improvements''.
    (b) Surface Transportation Block Grant Program.--Section 
133(b)(1)(D) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``, including the installation of vehicle-to-infrastructure 
communication equipment'' after ``capital improvements''.
SEC. 1408. FEDERAL SHARE PAYABLE.

    (a) Innovative Project Delivery Methods.--Section 120(c)(3) of title 
23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)(ii)--
                    (A) by inserting ``engineering or design 
                approaches,'' after ``technologies,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or project delivery'' after ``or 
                contracting'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) in clause (iii) by inserting ``and alternative 
                bidding'' before the semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in clause (iv) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                    (C) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (vi); and
                    (D) by inserting after clause (iv) the following:
                          ``(v) innovative pavement materials that have 
                      a demonstrated life cycle of 75 or more years, are 
                      manufactured with reduced greenhouse gas 
                      emissions, and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1411]]

                      reduce construction-related congestion by rapidly 
                      curing; or''; and

    (b) Emergency Relief.--Section 120(e)(2) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``Federal land access transportation 
facilities'' and inserting ``other Federally owned roads that are open 
to public travel''.
SEC. 1409. MILK PRODUCTS.

    Section 127(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
            ``(13) Milk products.--A vehicle carrying fluid milk 
        products shall be considered a load that cannot be easily 
        dismantled or divided.''.
SEC. 1410. INTERSTATE WEIGHT LIMITS.

    Section 127 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(m) Covered Heavy-duty Tow and Recovery Vehicles.--
            ``(1) In general.--The vehicle weight limitations set forth 
        in this section do not apply to a covered heavy-duty tow and 
        recovery vehicle.
            ``(2) Covered heavy-duty tow and recovery vehicle defined.--
        In this subsection, the term `covered heavy-duty tow and 
        recovery vehicle' means a vehicle that--
                    ``(A) is transporting a disabled vehicle from the 
                place where the vehicle became disabled to the nearest 
                appropriate repair facility; and
                    ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight that is equal to or 
                exceeds the gross vehicle weight of the disabled vehicle 
                being transported.

    ``(n) Operation of Vehicles on Certain Highways in the State of 
Texas.--If any segment in the State of Texas of United States Route 59, 
United States Route 77, United States Route 281, United States Route 84, 
Texas State Highway 44, or another roadway is designated as Interstate 
Route 69, a vehicle that could operate legally on that segment before 
the date of the designation may continue to operate on that segment, 
without regard to any requirement under this section.
    ``(o) Certain Logging Vehicles in the State of Wisconsin.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall waive, with respect 
        to a covered logging vehicle, the application of any vehicle 
        weight limit established under this section.
            ``(2) Covered logging vehicle defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term `covered logging vehicle' means a vehicle that--
                    ``(A) is transporting raw or unfinished forest 
                products, including logs, pulpwood, biomass, or wood 
                chips;
                    ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight of not more than 
                98,000 pounds;
                    ``(C) has not less than 6 axles; and
                    ``(D) is operating on a segment of Interstate Route 
                39 in the State of Wisconsin from mile marker 175.8 to 
                mile marker 189.

    ``(p) Operation of Certain Specialized Vehicles on Certain Highways 
in the State of Arkansas.--If any segment of United States Route 63 
between the exits for highways 14 and 75 in the State of Arkansas is 
designated as part of the Interstate System, the single axle weight, 
tandem axle weight, gross vehicle weight,

[[Page 129 STAT. 1412]]

and bridge formula limits under subsection (a) and the width limitation 
under section 31113(a) of title 49 shall not apply to that segment with 
respect to the operation of any vehicle that could operate legally on 
that segment before the date of the designation.
    ``(q) Certain Logging Vehicles in the State of Minnesota.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall waive, with respect 
        to a covered logging vehicle, the application of any vehicle 
        weight limit established under this section.
            ``(2) Covered logging vehicle defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term `covered logging vehicle' means a vehicle that--
                    ``(A) is transporting raw or unfinished forest 
                products, including logs, pulpwood, biomass, or wood 
                chips;
                    ``(B) has a gross vehicle weight of not more than 
                99,000 pounds;
                    ``(C) has not less than 6 axles; and
                    ``(D) is operating on a segment of Interstate Route 
                35 in the State of Minnesota from mile marker 235.4 to 
                mile marker 259.552.

    ``(r) Emergency Vehicles.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), a State 
        shall not enforce against an emergency vehicle a vehicle weight 
        limit (up to a maximum gross vehicle weight of 86,000 pounds) of 
        less than--
                    ``(A) 24,000 pounds on a single steering axle;
                    ``(B) 33,500 pounds on a single drive axle;
                    ``(C) 62,000 pounds on a tandem axle; or
                    ``(D) 52,000 pounds on a tandem rear drive steer 
                axle.
            ``(2) Emergency vehicle defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term `emergency vehicle' means a vehicle designed to be used 
        under emergency conditions--
                    ``(A) to transport personnel and equipment; and
                    ``(B) to support the suppression of fires and 
                mitigation of other hazardous situations.

    ``(s) Natural Gas Vehicles.--A vehicle, if operated by an engine 
fueled primarily by natural gas, may exceed any vehicle weight limit (up 
to a maximum gross vehicle weight of 82,000 pounds) under this section 
by an amount that is equal to the difference between--
            ``(1) the weight of the vehicle attributable to the natural 
        gas tank and fueling system carried by that vehicle; and
            ``(2) the weight of a comparable diesel tank and fueling 
        system.''.
SEC. 1411. TOLLING; HOV FACILITIES; INTERSTATE RECONSTRUCTION AND 
                          REHABILITATION.

    (a) Tolling.--Section 129(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)(A), in the matter preceding clause 
        (i)--
                    (A) by striking ``shall use'' and inserting ``shall 
                ensure that''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``are used'' before ``only for'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (4) and redesignating paragraphs 
        (5) through (9) as paragraphs (4) through (8), respectively; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1413]]

            (3) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (4) (as so 
        redesignated) by striking ``Federal-aid system'' and inserting 
        ``Federal-aid highways'';
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (8) (as so redesignated)--
            ``(9) Equal access for over-the-road buses.--An over-the-
        road bus that serves the public shall be provided access to a 
        toll facility under the same rates, terms, and conditions as 
        public transportation buses.''; and
            (5) in paragraph (10)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D) as 
                subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                    ``(C) Over-the-road bus.--The term `over-the-road 
                bus' has the meaning given the term in section 301 of 
                the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                12181).''.

    (b) HOV Facilities.--Section 166 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``the agency'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``the authority'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking the paragraph heading and inserting 
                ``authority of public authorities''; and
                    (B) by striking ``State agency'' and inserting 
                ``public authority'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``State agency'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``public authority'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at 
                      the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) provides equal access under the same rates, 
                terms, and conditions for all public transportation 
                vehicles and over-the-road buses serving the public.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)(C)--
                          (i) in clause (i) by striking ``and'' at the 
                      end;
                          (ii) in clause (ii) by striking the period at 
                      the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) ensure that over-the-road buses 
                      serving the public are provided access to the 
                      facility under the same rates, terms, and 
                      conditions as public transportation buses.''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting 
                      the following:
                    ``(A) Special rule.--Before September 30, 2025, if a 
                public authority establishes procedures for enforcing 
                the restrictions on the use of a HOV facility by 
                vehicles described in clauses (i) and (ii), the public 
                authority may allow the use of the HOV facility by--
                          ``(i) alternative fuel vehicles; and
                          ``(ii) any motor vehicle described in section 
                      30D(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.''; 
                      and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1414]]

                          (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``2017'' 
                      and inserting ``2019'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 301, tolls may be 
        charged under paragraphs (4) and (5) of subsection (b), subject 
        to the requirements of section 129.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating 
                paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
            (5) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking ``State agency'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``public authority'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraphs (D) and (E); and
                          (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                      following:
                    ``(D) Maintenance of operating performance.--
                          ``(i) Submission of plan.--Not later than 180 
                      days after the date on which a facility is 
                      degraded under paragraph (2), the public authority 
                      with jurisdiction over the facility shall submit 
                      to the Secretary for approval a plan that details 
                      the actions the public authority will take to make 
                      significant progress toward bringing the facility 
                      into compliance with the minimum average operating 
                      speed performance standard through changes to the 
                      operation of the facility, including--
                                    ``(I) increasing the occupancy 
                                requirement for HOV lanes;
                                    ``(II) varying the toll charged to 
                                vehicles allowed under subsection (b) to 
                                reduce demand;
                                    ``(III) discontinuing allowing non-
                                HOV vehicles to use HOV lanes under 
                                subsection (b); or
                                    ``(IV) increasing the available 
                                capacity of the HOV facility.
                          ``(ii) Notice of approval or disapproval.--Not 
                      later than 60 days after the date of receipt of a 
                      plan under clause (i), the Secretary shall provide 
                      to the public authority a written notice 
                      indicating whether the Secretary has approved or 
                      disapproved the plan based on a determination of 
                      whether the implementation of the plan will make 
                      significant progress toward bringing the HOV 
                      facility into compliance with the minimum average 
                      operating speed performance standard.
                          ``(iii) Annual progress updates.--Until the 
                      date on which the Secretary determines that the 
                      public authority has brought the HOV facility into 
                      compliance with this subsection, the public 
                      authority shall submit annual updates that 
                      describe--
                                    ``(I) the actions taken to bring the 
                                HOV facility into compliance; and
                                    ``(II) the progress made by those 
                                actions.
                    ``(E) Compliance.--If the public authority fails to 
                bring a facility into compliance under subparagraph (D), 
                the Secretary shall subject the public authority to 
                appropriate program sanctions under section 1.36 of 
                title 23, Code

[[Page 129 STAT. 1415]]

                of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), until 
                the performance is no longer degraded.
                    ``(F) Waiver.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Upon the request of a 
                      public authority, the Secretary may waive the 
                      compliance requirements of subparagraph (E), if 
                      the Secretary determines that--
                                    ``(I) the waiver is in the best 
                                interest of the traveling public;
                                    ``(II) the public authority is 
                                meeting the conditions under 
                                subparagraph (D); and
                                    ``(III) the public authority has 
                                made a good faith effort to improve the 
                                performance of the facility.
                          ``(ii) Condition.--The Secretary may require, 
                      as a condition of providing a waiver under this 
                      subparagraph, that a public authority take 
                      additional actions, as determined by the 
                      Secretary, to maximize the operating speed 
                      performance of the facility, even if such 
                      performance is below the level set under paragraph 
                      (2).'';
            (6) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by inserting ``solely'' before 
                ``operating'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B)(iii) by striking ``State 
                agency'' and inserting ``public authority'';
                    (C) by striking paragraph (5);
                    (D) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (6); 
                and
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) Over-the-road bus.--The term `over-the-road bus' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 301 of the Americans with 
        Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12181).
            ``(5) Public authority.--The term `public authority' as used 
        with respect to a HOV facility, means a State, interstate 
        compact of States, public entity designated by a State, or local 
        government having jurisdiction over the operation of the 
        facility.''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(g) Consultation of MPO.--If a HOV facility charging tolls under 
paragraph (4) or (5) of subsection (b) is on the Interstate System and 
located in a metropolitan planning area established in accordance with 
section 134, the public authority shall consult with the metropolitan 
planning organization for the area concerning the placement and amount 
of tolls on the facility.''.
    (c) Interstate System Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Pilot 
Program.--Section 1216(b) of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st 
Century (Public Law 105-178) <<NOTE: 23 USC 129 note.>> is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (E) by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) the State has the authority required for the 
                project to proceed.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (8) as 
        paragraphs (8) through (10), respectively; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1416]]

            (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
            ``(6) Requirements for project completion.--
                    ``(A) General term for expiration of provisional 
                application.--An application provisionally approved by 
                the Secretary under this subsection shall expire 3 years 
                after the date on which the application was 
                provisionally approved if the State has not--
                          ``(i) submitted a complete application to the 
                      Secretary that fully satisfies the eligibility 
                      criteria under paragraph (3) and the selection 
                      criteria under paragraph (4);
                          ``(ii) completed the environmental review and 
                      permitting process under the National 
                      Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 
                      et seq.) for the pilot project; and
                          ``(iii) executed a toll agreement with the 
                      Secretary.
                    ``(B) Exceptions to expiration.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary may extend the 
                provisional approval for not more than 1 additional year 
                if the State demonstrates material progress toward 
                implementation of the project as evidenced by--
                          ``(i) substantial progress in completing the 
                      environmental review and permitting process for 
                      the pilot project under the National Environmental 
                      Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                          ``(ii) funding and financing commitments for 
                      the pilot project;
                          ``(iii) expressions of support for the pilot 
                      project from State and local governments, 
                      community interests, and the public; and
                          ``(iv) submission of a facility management 
                      plan pursuant to paragraph (3)(D).
                    ``(C) Conditions for previously provisionally 
                approved applications.--A State with a provisionally 
                approved application for a pilot project as of the date 
                of enactment of the FAST Act shall have 1 year after 
                that date of enactment to meet the requirements of 
                subparagraph (A) or receive an extension from the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (B), or the application 
                will expire.
            ``(7) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `provisional 
        approval' or `provisionally approved' means the approval by the 
        Secretary of a partial application under this subsection, 
        including the reservation of a slot in the pilot program.''.

    (d) <<NOTE: 23 USC 129 note.>> Approval of Applications.--The 
Secretary may approve an application submitted under section 1604(c) of 
SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59; 119 Stat. 1253) if the application, or 
any part of the application, was submitted before the deadline specified 
in section 1604(c)(8) of that Act.
SEC. 1412. PROJECTS FOR PUBLIC SAFETY RELATING TO IDLING TRAINS.

    Section 130(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``and the relocation of highways to eliminate grade crossings'' 
and inserting ``the relocation of highways to eliminate grade crossings, 
and projects at grade crossings to eliminate hazards posed by blocked 
grade crossings due to idling trains''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1417]]

SEC. 1413. NATIONAL ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING AND HYDROGEN, 
                          PROPANE, AND NATURAL GAS FUELING 
                          CORRIDORS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 150 the following:
``Sec. 151. <<NOTE: 23 USC 151.>> National electric vehicle 
                charging and hydrogen, propane, and natural gas 
                fueling corridors

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall designate national electric vehicle 
charging and hydrogen, propane, and natural gas fueling corridors that 
identify the near- and long-term need for, and location of, electric 
vehicle charging infrastructure, hydrogen fueling infrastructure, 
propane fueling infrastructure, and natural gas fueling infrastructure 
at strategic locations along major national highways to improve the 
mobility of passenger and commercial vehicles that employ electric, 
hydrogen fuel cell, propane, and natural gas fueling technologies across 
the United States.
    ``(b) Designation of Corridors.--In designating the corridors under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) solicit nominations from State and local officials for 
        facilities to be included in the corridors;
            ``(2) incorporate existing electric vehicle charging, 
        hydrogen fueling, propane fueling, and natural gas fueling 
        corridors designated by a State or group of States; and
            ``(3) consider the demand for, and location of, existing 
        electric vehicle charging stations, hydrogen fueling stations, 
        propane fueling stations, and natural gas fueling 
        infrastructure.

    ``(c) Stakeholders.--In designating corridors under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall involve, on a voluntary basis, stakeholders that 
include--
            ``(1) the heads of other Federal agencies;
            ``(2) State and local officials;
            ``(3) representatives of--
                    ``(A) energy utilities;
                    ``(B) the electric, fuel cell electric, propane, and 
                natural gas vehicle industries;
                    ``(C) the freight and shipping industry;
                    ``(D) clean technology firms;
                    ``(E) the hospitality industry;
                    ``(F) the restaurant industry;
                    ``(G) highway rest stop vendors; and
                    ``(H) industrial gas and hydrogen manufacturers; and
            ``(4) such other stakeholders as the Secretary determines to 
        be necessary.

    ``(d) Redesignation.--Not later than 5 years after the date of 
establishment of the corridors under subsection (a), and every 5 years 
thereafter, the Secretary shall update and redesignate the corridors.
    ``(e) Report.--During designation and redesignation of the corridors 
under this section, the Secretary shall issue a report that--
            ``(1) identifies electric vehicle charging infrastructure, 
        hydrogen fueling infrastructure, propane fueling infrastructure, 
        and natural gas fueling infrastructure and standardization needs 
        for electricity providers, industrial gas providers, natural gas 
        providers, infrastructure providers, vehicle manufacturers, 
        electricity purchasers, and natural gas purchasers; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1418]]

            ``(2) establishes an aspirational goal of achieving 
        strategic deployment of electric vehicle charging 
        infrastructure, hydrogen fueling infrastructure, propane fueling 
        infrastructure, and natural gas fueling infrastructure in those 
        corridors by the end of fiscal year 2020.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 101.>> is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 150 the following:

``151. National electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane, and 
           natural gas fueling corridors.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 42 USC 6364.>> Operation of Battery Recharging Stations 
in Parking Areas Used by Federal Employees.--
            (1) Authorization.--
                    (A) In general.--The Administrator of General 
                Services may install, construct, operate, and maintain 
                on a reimbursable basis a battery recharging station (or 
                allow, on a reimbursable basis, the use of a 120-volt 
                electrical receptacle for battery recharging) in a 
                parking area that is in the custody, control, or 
                administrative jurisdiction of the General Services 
                Administration for the use of only privately owned 
                vehicles of employees of the General Services 
                Administration, tenant Federal agencies, and others who 
                are authorized to park in such area to the extent such 
                use by only privately owned vehicles does not interfere 
                with or impede access to the equipment by Federal fleet 
                vehicles.
                    (B) Areas under other federal agencies.--The 
                Administrator of General Services (on the request of a 
                Federal agency) or the head of a Federal agency may 
                install, construct, operate, and maintain on a 
                reimbursable basis a battery recharging station (or 
                allow, on a reimbursable basis, the use of a 120-volt 
                electrical receptacle for battery recharging) in a 
                parking area that is in the custody, control, or 
                administrative jurisdiction of the requesting Federal 
                agency, to the extent such use by only privately owned 
                vehicles does not interfere with or impede access to the 
                equipment by Federal fleet vehicles.
                    (C) Use of vendors.--The Administrator of General 
                Services, with respect to subparagraph (A) or (B), or 
                the head of a Federal agency, with respect to 
                subparagraph (B), may carry out such subparagraph 
                through a contract with a vendor, under such terms and 
                conditions (including terms relating to the allocation 
                between the Federal agency and the vendor of the costs 
                of carrying out the contract) as the Administrator or 
                the head of the Federal agency, as the case may be, and 
                the vendor may agree to.
            (2) Imposition of fees to cover costs.--
                    (A) Fees.--The Administrator of General Services or 
                the head of the Federal agency under paragraph (1)(B) 
                shall charge fees to the individuals who use the battery 
                recharging station in such amount as is necessary to 
                ensure that the respective agency recovers all of the 
                costs such agency incurs in installing, constructing, 
                operating, and maintaining the station.
                    (B) Deposit and availability of fees.--Any fees 
                collected by the Administrator of General Services or 
                the

[[Page 129 STAT. 1419]]

                Federal agency, as the case may be, under this paragraph 
                shall be--
                          (i) deposited monthly in the Treasury to the 
                      credit of the respective agency's appropriations 
                      account for the operations of the building where 
                      the battery recharging station is located; and
                          (ii) available for obligation without further 
                      appropriation during--
                                    (I) the fiscal year collected; and
                                    (II) the fiscal year following the 
                                fiscal year collected.
            (3) No effect on existing programs for house and senate.--
        Nothing in this subsection affects the installation, 
        construction, operation, or maintenance of battery recharging 
        stations by the Architect of the Capitol--
                    (A) under Public Law 112-170 (2 U.S.C. 2171), 
                relating to employees of the House of Representatives 
                and individuals authorized to park in any parking area 
                under the jurisdiction of the House of Representatives 
                on the Capitol Grounds; or
                    (B) under Public Law 112-167 (2 U.S.C. 2170), 
                relating to employees of the Senate and individuals 
                authorized to park in any parking area under the 
                jurisdiction of the Senate on the Capitol Grounds.
            (4) No effect on similar authorities.--Nothing in this 
        subsection--
                    (A) repeals or limits any existing authorities of a 
                Federal agency to install, construct, operate, or 
                maintain battery recharging stations; or
                    (B) requires a Federal agency to seek reimbursement 
                for the costs of installing or constructing a battery 
                recharging station--
                          (i) that has been installed or constructed 
                      prior to the date of enactment of this Act;
                          (ii) that is installed or constructed for 
                      Federal fleet vehicles, but that receives 
                      incidental use to recharge privately owned 
                      vehicles; or
                          (iii) that is otherwise installed or 
                      constructed pursuant to appropriations for that 
                      purpose.
            (5) Annual report to congress.--Not later than 2 years after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 
        10 years, the Administrator of General Services shall submit to 
        the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works of the Senate a report describing--
                    (A) the number of battery recharging stations 
                installed by the Administrator on the Administrator's 
                own initiative under this subsection;
                    (B) requests from other Federal agencies to install 
                battery recharging stations; and
                    (C) the status and disposition of requests from 
                other Federal agencies.
            (6) Federal agency defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``Federal agency'' has the meaning given the term ``Executive 
        agency'' in section 105 of title 5, United States Code, and 
        includes--
                    (A) the United States Postal Service;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1420]]

                    (B) the Executive Office of the President;
                    (C) the military departments (as defined in section 
                102 of title 5, United States Code); and
                    (D) the judicial branch.
            (7) Effective date.--This subsection shall apply with 
        respect to fiscal year 2016 and each succeeding fiscal year.
SEC. 1414. REPEAT OFFENDER CRITERIA.

    Section 164(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
        paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated, the 
        following:
            ``(1) 24-7 sobriety program.--The term `24-7 sobriety 
        program' has the meaning given the term in section 
        405(d)(7)(A).'';
            (3) in paragraph (5), as redesignated--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                inserting ``or combination of laws or programs'' after 
                ``State law'';
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
                    ``(A) receive, for a period of not less than 1 
                year--
                          ``(i) a suspension of all driving privileges;
                          ``(ii) a restriction on driving privileges 
                      that limits the individual to operating only motor 
                      vehicles with an ignition interlock device 
                      installed, unless a special exception applies;
                          ``(iii) a restriction on driving privileges 
                      that limits the individual to operating motor 
                      vehicles only if participating in, and complying 
                      with, a 24-7 sobriety program; or
                          ``(iv) any combination of clauses (i) through 
                      (iii);'';
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (B);
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D) as 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; and
                    (E) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated--
                          (i) in clause (i)(II) by inserting before the 
                      semicolon the following: ``(unless the State 
                      certifies that the general practice is that such 
                      an individual will be incarcerated)''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii)(II) by inserting before 
                      the period at the end the following: ``(unless the 
                      State certifies that the general practice is that 
                      such an individual will receive 10 days of 
                      incarceration)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Special exception.--The term `special exception' means 
        an exception under a State alcohol-ignition interlock law for 
        the following circumstances:
                    ``(A) The individual is required to operate an 
                employer's motor vehicle in the course and scope of 
                employment and the business entity that owns the vehicle 
                is not owned or controlled by the individual.
                    ``(B) The individual is certified by a medical 
                doctor as being unable to provide a deep lung breath 
                sample for analysis by an ignition interlock device.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1421]]

SEC. 1415. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS TO ENCOURAGE POLLINATOR 
                          HABITAT AND FORAGE ON TRANSPORTATION 
                          RIGHTS-OF-WAY.

    (a) In General.--Section 319 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by inserting ``(including the 
        enhancement of habitat and forage for pollinators)'' before 
        ``adjacent''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(c) Encouragement of Pollinator Habitat and Forage Development and 
Protection on Transportation Rights-of-way.--In carrying out any program 
administered by the Secretary under this title, the Secretary shall, in 
conjunction with willing States, as appropriate--
            ``(1) encourage integrated vegetation management practices 
        on roadsides and other transportation rights-of-way, including 
        reduced mowing; and
            ``(2) encourage the development of habitat and forage for 
        Monarch butterflies, other native pollinators, and honey bees 
        through plantings of native forbs and grasses, including 
        noninvasive, native milkweed species that can serve as migratory 
        way stations for butterflies and facilitate migrations of other 
        pollinators.''.

    (b) Provision of Habitat, Forage, and Migratory Way Stations for 
Monarch Butterflies, Other Native Pollinators, and Honey Bees.--Section 
329(a)(1) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``provision of habitat, forage, and migratory way stations for Monarch 
butterflies, other native pollinators, and honey bees,'' before ``and 
aesthetic enhancement''.
SEC. 1416. HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS ON NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

    (a) Identification of High Priority Corridors on National Highway 
System.--Section 1105(c) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 2032; 112 Stat. 190; 119 Stat. 1213) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (13) and inserting the following:
            ``(13) Raleigh-Norfolk Corridor from Raleigh, North 
        Carolina, through Rocky Mount, Williamston, and Elizabeth City, 
        North Carolina, to Norfolk, Virginia.'';
            (2) in paragraph (18)(D)--
                    (A) in clause (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (iii) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iv) include Texas State Highway 44 from 
                      United States Route 59 at Freer, Texas, to Texas 
                      State Highway 358.'';
            (3) by striking paragraph (68) and inserting the following:
            ``(68) The Washoe County Corridor and the Intermountain West 
        Corridor, which shall generally follow--
                    ``(A) for the Washoe County Corridor, along 
                Interstate Route 580/United States Route 95/United 
                States Route 95A from Reno, Nevada, to Las Vegas, 
                Nevada; and
                    ``(B) for the Intermountain West Corridor, from the 
                vicinity of Las Vegas, Nevada, north along United States 
                Route 95 terminating at Interstate Route 80.''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1422]]

            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(81) United States Route 117/Interstate Route 795 from 
        United States Route 70 in Goldsboro, Wayne County, North 
        Carolina, to Interstate Route 40 west of Faison, Sampson County, 
        North Carolina.
            ``(82) United States Route 70 from its intersection with 
        Interstate Route 40 in Garner, Wake County, North Carolina, to 
        the Port at Morehead City, Carteret County, North Carolina.
            ``(83) The Sonoran Corridor along State Route 410 connecting 
        Interstate Route 19 and Interstate Route 10 south of the Tucson 
        International Airport.
            ``(84) The Central Texas Corridor commencing at the logical 
        terminus of Interstate Route 10, generally following portions of 
        United States Route 190 eastward, passing in the vicinity Fort 
        Hood, Killeen, Belton, Temple, Bryan, College Station, 
        Huntsville, Livingston, and Woodville, to the logical terminus 
        of Texas Highway 63 at the Sabine River Bridge at Burrs 
        Crossing.
            ``(85) Interstate Route 81 in New York from its intersection 
        with Interstate Route 86 to the United States-Canadian border.
            ``(86) Interstate Route 70 from Denver, Colorado, to Salt 
        Lake City, Utah.
            ``(87) The Oregon 99W Newberg-Dundee Bypass Route between 
        Newberg, Oregon, and Dayton, Oregon.
            ``(88) Interstate Route 205 in Oregon from its intersection 
        with Interstate Route 5 to the Columbia River.''.

    (b) Inclusion of Certain Route Segments on Interstate System.--
Section 1105(e)(5)(A) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
Efficiency Act of 1991 (109 Stat. 597; 118 Stat. 293; 119 Stat. 1213) is 
amended in the first sentence--
            (1) by inserting ``subsection (c)(13),'' after ``subsection 
        (c)(9),'';
            (2) by striking ``subsections (c)(18)'' and all that follows 
        through ``subsection (c)(36)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (c)(18), subsection (c)(20), subparagraphs (A) and (B)(i) of 
        subsection (c)(26), subsection (c)(36)''; and
            (3) by striking ``and subsection (c)(57)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (c)(57), subsection (c)(68)(B), subsection (c)(81), 
        subsection (c)(82), and subsection (c)(83)''.

    (c) Designation.--Section 1105(e)(5)(C)(i) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (109 Stat. 598; 126 Stat. 427) is 
amended by striking the final sentence and inserting the following: 
``The routes referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B)(i) of subsection 
(c)(26) and in subsection (c)(68)(B) are designated as Interstate Route 
I-11. The route referred to in subsection (c)(84) is designated as 
Interstate Route I-14.''.
    (d) Future Interstate Designation.--Section 119(a) of the SAFETEA-LU 
Technical Corrections Act of 2008 (122 Stat. 1608) is amended by 
striking ``and, as a future Interstate Route 66 Spur, the Natcher 
Parkway in Owensboro, Kentucky'' and inserting ``between Henderson, 
Kentucky, and Owensboro, Kentucky, and, as a future Interstate Route 65 
and 66 Spur, the William H. Natcher Parkway between Bowling Green, 
Kentucky, and Owensboro, Kentucky''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1423]]

SEC. 1417. WORK ZONE AND GUARD RAIL SAFETY TRAINING.

    (a) In General.--Section 1409 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 401 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``work 
        zone and guard rail safety training''; and
            (2) in subsection (b) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Development, updating, and delivery of training 
        courses on guard rail installation, maintenance, and 
        inspection.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of 
such Act is amended by striking the item relating to section 1409 and 
inserting the following:

``Sec. 1409. Work zone and guard rail safety training.''.

SEC. 1418. CONSOLIDATION OF PROGRAMS.

    Section 1519(a) of MAP-21 (126 Stat. 574) is amended by striking 
``From administrative funds'' and all that follows through ``shall be 
made available'' and inserting ``For each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2020, before making an apportionment under section 104(b)(3) of title 
23, United States Code, the Secretary shall set aside, from amounts made 
available to carry out the highway safety improvement program under 
section 148 of such title for the fiscal year, $3,500,000''.
SEC. 1419. ELIMINATION OR MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN REPORTING 
                          REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Fundamental Properties of Asphalts Report.--Section 6016(e) of 
the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (105 Stat. 
2183) is repealed.
    (b) Express Lanes Demonstration Program Reports.--Section 
1604(b)(7)(B) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 129 note) is repealed.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>> 1420. FLEXIBILITY FOR PROJECTS.

    (a) Authority.--With respect to projects eligible for funding under 
title 23, United States Code, subject to subsection (b) and on request 
by a State, the Secretary may--
            (1) exercise all existing flexibilities under and exceptions 
        to--
                    (A) the requirements of title 23, United States 
                Code; and
                    (B) other requirements administered by the 
                Secretary, in whole or part; and
            (2) otherwise provide additional flexibility or expedited 
        processing with respect to the requirements described in 
        paragraph (1).

    (b) Maintaining Protections.--Nothing in this section--
            (1) waives the requirements of section 113 or 138 of title 
        23, United States Code;
            (2) supersedes, amends, or modifies--
                    (A) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
                (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) or any other Federal 
                environmental law; or
                    (B) any requirement of title 23 or title 49, United 
                States Code; or
            (3) affects the responsibility of any Federal officer to 
        comply with or enforce any law or requirement described in this 
        subsection.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1424]]

SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>> 1421. PRODUCTIVE AND TIMELY 
                          EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall develop guidance that encourages the 
use of programmatic approaches to project delivery, expedited and 
prudent procurement techniques, and other best practices to facilitate 
productive, effective, and timely expenditure of funds for projects 
eligible for funding under title 23, United States Code.
    (b) Implementation.--The Secretary shall work with States to ensure 
that any guidance developed under subsection (a) is consistently 
implemented by States and the Federal Highway Administration to--
            (1) avoid unnecessary delays in completing projects;
            (2) minimize cost overruns; and
            (3) ensure the effective use of Federal funding.
SEC. 1422. STUDY ON PERFORMANCE OF BRIDGES.

    (a) In General.--Subject to subsection (c), the Administrator of the 
Federal Highway Administration (referred to in this section as the 
``Administrator'') shall commission the Transportation Research Board of 
the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study on the performance 
of bridges that received funding under the innovative bridge research 
and construction program (referred to in this section as the 
``program'') under section 503(b) of title 23, United States Code (as in 
effect on the day before the date of enactment of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 
109-59; 119 Stat. 1144)) in meeting the goals of that program, which 
included--
            (1) the development of new, cost-effective innovative 
        material highway bridge applications;
            (2) the reduction of maintenance costs and lifecycle costs 
        of bridges, including the costs of new construction, 
        replacement, or rehabilitation of deficient bridges;
            (3) the development of construction techniques to increase 
        safety and reduce construction time and traffic congestion;
            (4) the development of engineering design criteria for 
        innovative products and materials for use in highway bridges and 
        structures;
            (5) the development of cost-effective and innovative 
        techniques to separate vehicle and pedestrian traffic from 
        railroad traffic;
            (6) the development of highway bridges and structures that 
        will withstand natural disasters, including alternative 
        processes for the seismic retrofit of bridges; and
            (7) the development of new nondestructive bridge evaluation 
        technologies and techniques.

    (b) Contents.--The study commissioned under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) an analysis of the performance of bridges that received 
        funding under the program in meeting the goals described in 
        paragraphs (1) through (7) of subsection (a);
            (2) an analysis of the utility, compared to conventional 
        materials and technologies, of each of the innovative materials 
        and technologies used in projects for bridges under the program 
        in meeting the needs of the United States in 2015 and in the 
        future for a sustainable and low lifecycle cost transportation 
        system;
            (3) recommendations to Congress on how the installed and 
        lifecycle costs of bridges could be reduced through the use

[[Page 129 STAT. 1425]]

        of innovative materials and technologies, including, as 
        appropriate, any changes in the design and construction of 
        bridges needed to maximize the cost reductions; and
            (4) a summary of any additional research that may be needed 
        to further evaluate innovative approaches to reducing the 
        installed and lifecycle costs of highway bridges.

    (c) Public Comment.--Before commissioning the study under subsection 
(a), the Administrator shall provide an opportunity for public comment 
on the study proposal.
    (d) Data From States.--Each State that received funds under the 
program shall provide to the Transportation Research Board any relevant 
data needed to carry out the study commissioned under subsection (a).
    (e) Deadline.--The Administrator shall submit to Congress the study 
commissioned under subsection (a) not later than 3 years after the date 
of enactment of this Act.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 137 note.>> 1423. RELINQUISHMENT OF PARK-AND-
                          RIDE LOT FACILITIES.

    A State transportation agency may relinquish park-and-ride lot 
facilities or portions of park-and-ride lot facilities to a local 
government agency for highway purposes if authorized to do so under 
State law if the agreement providing for the relinquishment provides 
that--
            (1) rights-of-way on the Interstate System will remain 
        available for future highway improvements; and
            (2) modifications to the facilities that could impair the 
        highway or interfere with the free and safe flow of traffic are 
        subject to the approval of the Secretary.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 116 note.>> 1424. PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
Administration (referred to in this section as the ``Administrator'') 
may establish a pilot program that allows a State to utilize innovative 
approaches to maintain the right-of-way of Federal-aid highways within 
the State.
    (b) Limitation.--A pilot program established under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) terminate after not more than 4 years;
            (2) include not more than 5 States; and
            (3) be subject to guidelines published by the Administrator.

    (c) Report.--If the Administrator establishes a pilot program under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall, not more than 1 year after the 
completion of the pilot program, submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on 
the results of the pilot program.
    (d) Savings Provision.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
affect the requirements of section 111 of title 23, United States Code.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 131 note.>> 1425. SERVICE CLUB, CHARITABLE 
                          ASSOCIATION, OR RELIGIOUS SERVICE SIGNS.

    Notwithstanding section 131 of title 23, United States Code, and 
part 750 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
regulations), if a State notifies the Federal Highway Administration, 
the State may allow the maintenance of a sign of a service club, 
charitable association, or religious service organization--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1426]]

            (1) that exists on the date of enactment of this Act (or was 
        removed in the 3-year period ending on such date of enactment); 
        and
            (2) the area of which is less than or equal to 32 square 
        feet.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>> 1426. MOTORCYCLIST ADVISORY 
                          COUNCIL.

    The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the Federal 
Highway Administration, shall appoint a Motorcyclist Advisory Council to 
coordinate with and advise the Administrator on infrastructure issues of 
concern to motorcyclists, including--
            (1) barrier design;
            (2) road design, construction, and maintenance practices; 
        and
            (3) the architecture and implementation of intelligent 
        transportation system technologies.
SEC. 1427. HIGHWAY WORK ZONES.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Highway Administration 
should--
            (1) do all within its power to protect workers in highway 
        work zones; and
            (2) move rapidly to finalize regulations, as directed in 
        section 1405 of MAP-21 (126 Stat. 560), to protect the lives and 
        safety of construction workers in highway work zones from 
        vehicle intrusions.
SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>> 1428. USE OF DURABLE, RESILIENT, 
                          AND SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS AND PRACTICES.

    To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall encourage the use of 
durable, resilient, and sustainable materials and practices, including 
the use of geosynthetic materials and other innovative technologies, in 
carrying out the activities of the Federal Highway Administration.
SEC. 1429. IDENTIFICATION OF ROADSIDE HIGHWAY SAFETY HARDWARE 
                          DEVICES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on methods for 
identifying roadside highway safety hardware devices to improve the data 
collected on the devices, as necessary for in-service evaluation of the 
devices.
    (b) Contents.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall evaluate identification methods based on the ability of 
the method--
            (1) to convey information on the devices, including 
        manufacturing date, factory of origin, product brand, and model;
            (2) to withstand roadside conditions; and
            (3) to connect to State and regional inventories of similar 
        devices.

    (c) Identification Methods.--The identification methods to be 
studied under this section include stamped serial numbers, radio-
frequency identification, and such other methods as the Secretary 
determines appropriate.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than January 1, 2018, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study 
under subsection (a).

[[Page 129 STAT. 1427]]

SEC. 1430. USE OF MODELING AND SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Department should utilize, to 
the fullest and most economically feasible extent practicable, modeling 
and simulation technology to analyze highway and public transportation 
projects authorized by this Act to ensure that these projects--
            (1) will increase transportation capacity and safety, 
        alleviate congestion, and reduce travel time and environmental 
        impacts; and
            (2) are as cost effective as practicable.
SEC. <<NOTE: 49 USC 301 note.>> 1431. NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE 
                          ON TRAVEL AND TOURISM INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) 1 out of every 9 jobs in the United States depends on 
        travel and tourism, and the industry supports 15,000,000 jobs in 
        the United States;
            (2) the travel and tourism industry employs individuals in 
        all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and all of the 
        territories of the United States;
            (3) international travel to the United States is the single 
        largest export industry in the United States, generating a trade 
        surplus balance of approximately $74,000,000,000;
            (4) travel and tourism provide significant economic benefits 
        to the United States by generating nearly $2,100,000,000,000 in 
        annual economic output; and
            (5) the United States intermodal transportation network 
        facilitates the large-scale movement of business and leisure 
        travelers, and is the most important asset of the travel 
        industry.

    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish an advisory 
committee to be known as the National Advisory Committee on Travel and 
Tourism Infrastructure (referred to in this section as the 
``Committee'') to provide information, advice, and recommendations to 
the Secretary on matters relating to the role of intermodal 
transportation in facilitating mobility related to travel and tourism 
activities.
    (c) Membership.--The Committee shall--
            (1) be composed of members appointed by the Secretary for 
        terms of not more than 3 years; and
            (2) include a representative cross-section of public and 
        private sector stakeholders involved in the travel and tourism 
        industry, including representatives of--
                    (A) the travel and tourism industry, product and 
                service providers, and travel and tourism-related 
                associations;
                    (B) travel, tourism, and destination marketing 
                organizations;
                    (C) the travel and tourism-related workforce;
                    (D) State tourism offices;
                    (E) State departments of transportation;
                    (F) regional and metropolitan planning 
                organizations; and
                    (G) local governments.

    (d) Role of Committee.--The Committee shall--
            (1) advise the Secretary on current and emerging priorities, 
        issues, projects, and funding needs related to the use of the

[[Page 129 STAT. 1428]]

        intermodal transportation network of the United States to 
        facilitate travel and tourism;
            (2) serve as a forum for discussion for travel and tourism 
        stakeholders on transportation issues affecting interstate and 
        interregional mobility of passengers;
            (3) promote the sharing of information between the private 
        and public sectors on transportation issues impacting travel and 
        tourism;
            (4) gather information, develop technical advice, and make 
        recommendations to the Secretary on policies that improve the 
        condition and performance of an integrated national 
        transportation system that--
                    (A) is safe, economical, and efficient; and
                    (B) maximizes the benefits to the United States 
                generated through the travel and tourism industry;
            (5) identify critical transportation facilities and 
        corridors that facilitate and support the interstate and 
        interregional transportation of passengers for tourism, 
        commercial, and recreational activities;
            (6) provide for development of measures of condition, 
        safety, and performance for transportation related to travel and 
        tourism;
            (7) provide for development of transportation investment, 
        data, and planning tools to assist Federal, State, and local 
        officials in making investment decisions relating to 
        transportation projects that improve travel and tourism; and
            (8) address other issues of transportation policy and 
        programs impacting the movement of travelers for tourism and 
        recreational purposes, including by making legislative 
        recommendations.

    (e) National Travel and Tourism Infrastructure Strategic Plan.--Not 
later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, State departments of 
transportation, and other appropriate public and private transportation 
stakeholders, shall develop and post on the public Internet website of 
the Department a national travel and tourism infrastructure strategic 
plan that includes--
            (1) an assessment of the condition and performance of the 
        national transportation network;
            (2) an identification of the issues on the national 
        transportation network that create significant congestion 
        problems and barriers to long-haul passenger travel and tourism;
            (3) forecasts of long-haul passenger travel and tourism 
        volumes for the 20-year period beginning in the year during 
        which the plan is issued;
            (4) an identification of the major transportation facilities 
        and corridors for current and forecasted long-haul travel and 
        tourism volumes, the identification of which shall be revised, 
        as appropriate, in subsequent plans;
            (5) an assessment of statutory, regulatory, technological, 
        institutional, financial, and other barriers to improved long-
        haul passenger travel performance (including opportunities for 
        overcoming the barriers);
            (6) best practices for improving the performance of the 
        national transportation network; and
            (7) strategies to improve intermodal connectivity for long-
        haul passenger travel and tourism.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1429]]

SEC. <<NOTE: 23 USC 109 note.>> 1432. EMERGENCY EXEMPTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Any road, highway, railway, bridge, or transit 
facility that is damaged by an emergency that is declared by the 
Governor of the State, with the concurrence of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, or declared as an emergency by the President pursuant to the 
Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), and that is in operation or under construction on 
the date on which the emergency occurs may be reconstructed in the same 
location with the same capacity, dimensions, and design as before the 
emergency subject to the exemptions and expedited procedures under 
subsection (b).
    (b) Exemptions and Expedited Procedures.--
            (1) Alternative arrangements.--Alternative arrangements for 
        an emergency under section 1506.11 of title 40, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of this Act) 
        shall apply to reconstruction under subsection (a), and the 
        reconstruction shall be considered necessary to control the 
        immediate impacts of the emergency.
            (2) Stormwater discharge permits.--A general permit for 
        stormwater discharges from construction activities, if 
        available, issued by the Administrator of the Environmental 
        Protection Agency or the director of a State program under 
        section 402(p) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 
        U.S.C. 1342(p)), as applicable, shall apply to reconstruction 
        under subsection (a), on submission of a notice of intent to be 
        subject to the permit.
            (3) Emergency procedures.--The emergency procedures for 
        issuing permits in accordance with section 325.2(e)(4) of title 
        33, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of 
        enactment of this Act) shall apply to reconstruction under 
        subsection (a), and the reconstruction shall be considered an 
        emergency under that regulation.
            (4) National historic preservation act exemption.--
        Reconstruction under subsection (a) is eligible for an exemption 
        from the requirements of the National Historic Preservation Act 
        of 1966 pursuant to part 78 of title 36, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of this Act).
            (5) Endangered species act exemption.--An exemption from the 
        requirements of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
        1531 et seq.) pursuant to section 7(p) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 
        1536(p)) shall apply to reconstruction under subsection (a) and, 
        if the President makes the determination required under section 
        7(p) of that Act, the determinations required under subsections 
        (g) and (h) of that section shall be deemed to be made.
            (6) Expedited consultation under endangered species act.--
        Expedited consultation pursuant to section 402.05 of title 50, 
        Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of 
        enactment of this Act) shall apply to reconstruction under 
        subsection (a).
            (7) Other exemptions.--Any reconstruction that is exempt 
        under paragraph (5) shall also be exempt from requirements 
        under--
                    (A) the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703 et 
                seq.);

[[Page 129 STAT. 1430]]

                    (B) the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (16 U.S.C. 1271 
                et seq.); and
                    (C) the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (16 
                U.S.C. 661 et seq.).
SEC. 1433. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>> REPORT ON HIGHWAY TRUST FUND 
                          ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURES.

    (a) Initial Report.--Not later than 150 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to Congress a report describing the administrative expenses 
of the Federal Highway Administration funded from the Highway Trust Fund 
during the 3 most recent fiscal years.
    (b) Updates.--Not later than 5 years after the date on which the 
report is submitted under subsection (a) and every 5 years thereafter, 
the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report that updates 
the information provided in the report under that subsection for the 
preceding 5-year period.
    (c) Inclusions.--Each report submitted under subsection (a) or (b) 
shall include a description of--
            (1) the types of administrative expenses of programs and 
        offices funded by the Highway Trust Fund;
            (2) the tracking and monitoring of administrative expenses;
            (3) the controls in place to ensure that funding for 
        administrative expenses is used as efficiently as practicable; 
        and
            (4) the flexibility of the Department to reallocate amounts 
        from the Highway Trust Fund between full-time equivalent 
        employees and other functions.
SEC. 1434. <<NOTE: 49 USC 308 note.>> AVAILABILITY OF REPORTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall make available to the public on 
the website of the Department any report required to be submitted by the 
Secretary to Congress after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (b) Deadline.--Each report described in subsection (a) shall be made 
available on the website not later than 30 days after the report is 
submitted to Congress.
SEC. 1435. APPALACHIAN DEVELOPMENT HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

    Section 1528 of MAP-21 (40 U.S.C. 14501 note; Public Law 112-141) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``2021'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``2050''; and
            (2) by striking ``shall be 100 percent'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``shall be up to 100 percent, as 
        determined by the State''.
SEC. 1436. APPALACHIAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) High-speed Broadband Development Initiative.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter I of chapter 145 of subtitle IV 
        of title 40, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
        the following:
``Sec. 14509. <<NOTE: 40 USC 14509.>> High-speed broadband 
                    deployment initiative

    ``(a) In General.--The Appalachian Regional Commission may provide 
technical assistance, make grants, enter into contracts, or otherwise 
provide amounts to individuals or entities in the Appalachian region for 
projects and activities--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1431]]

            ``(1) to increase affordable access to broadband networks 
        throughout the Appalachian region;
            ``(2) to conduct research, analysis, and training to 
        increase broadband adoption efforts in the Appalachian region;
            ``(3) to provide technology assets, including computers, 
        smartboards, and video projectors to educational systems 
        throughout the Appalachian region;
            ``(4) to increase distance learning opportunities throughout 
        the Appalachian region;
            ``(5) to increase the use of telehealth technologies in the 
        Appalachian region; and
            ``(6) to promote e-commerce applications in the Appalachian 
        region.

    ``(b) Limitation on Available Amounts.--Of the cost of any activity 
eligible for a grant under this section--
            ``(1) not more than 50 percent may be provided from amounts 
        appropriated to carry out this section; and
            ``(2) notwithstanding paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) in the case of a project to be carried out in 
                a county for which a distressed county designation is in 
                effect under section 14526, not more than 80 percent may 
                be provided from amounts appropriated to carry out this 
                section; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a project to be carried out in 
                a county for which an at-risk designation is in effect 
                under section 14526, not more than 70 percent may be 
                provided from amounts appropriated to carry out this 
                section.

    ``(c) Sources of Assistance.--Subject to subsection (b), a grant 
provided under this section may be provided from amounts made available 
to carry out this section in combination with amounts made available--
            ``(1) under any other Federal program; or
            ``(2) from any other source.

    ``(d) Federal Share.--Notwithstanding any provision of law limiting 
the Federal share under any other Federal program, amounts made 
available to carry out this section may be used to increase that Federal 
share, as the Appalachian Regional Commission determines to be 
appropriate.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--The analysis for chapter 145 of 
        title 40, United States Code, <<NOTE: 40 USC prec. 14501.>> is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 14508 
        the following:

``14509. High-speed broadband deployment initiative.''.

    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14703 of title 40, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5), by striking ``fiscal year 2012'' 
        and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2012 through 2020'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

    ``(c) High-speed Broadband Deployment Initiative.--Of the amounts 
made available under subsection (a), $10,000,000 may be used to carry 
out section 14509 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.''.
    (c) Termination.--Section 14704 of title 40, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``2012'' and inserting ``2020''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1432]]

    (d) <<NOTE: 40 USC 14509 note.>> Effective Date.--This section and 
the amendments made by this section take effect on October 1, 2015.
SEC. 1437. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>> BORDER STATE INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) In General.--After consultation with relevant transportation 
planning organizations, the Governor of a State that shares a land 
border with Canada or Mexico may designate for each fiscal year not more 
than 5 percent of the funds made available to the State under section 
133(d)(1)(B) of title 23, United States Code, for border infrastructure 
projects eligible under section 1303 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 101 note; 
119 Stat. 1207).
    (b) Use of Funds.--Funds designated under this section shall be 
available under the requirements of section 1303 of SAFETEA-LU (23 
U.S.C. 101 note; 119 Stat. 1207).
    (c) Certification.--Before making a designation under subsection 
(a), the Governor shall certify that the designation is consistent with 
transportation planning requirements under title 23, United States Code.
    (d) Notification.--Not later than 30 days after making a designation 
under subsection (a), the Governor shall submit to the relevant 
transportation planning organizations within the border region a written 
notification of any suballocated or distributed amount of funds 
available for obligation by jurisdiction.
    (e) Limitation.--This section applies only to funds apportioned to a 
State after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (f) Deadline for Designation.--A designation under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) be submitted to the Secretary not later than 30 days 
        before the first day of the fiscal year for which the 
        designation is being made; and
            (2) remain in effect for the funds designated under 
        subsection (a) for a fiscal year until the Governor of the State 
        notifies the Secretary of the termination of the designation.

    (g) Unobligated Funds After Termination.--Effective beginning on the 
date of a termination under subsection (f)(2), all remaining unobligated 
funds that were designated under subsection (a) for the fiscal year for 
which the designation is being terminated shall be made available to the 
State for the purposes described in section 133(d)(1)(B) of title 23, 
United States Code.
SEC. 1438. ADJUSTMENTS.

    (a) In General.--On July 1, 2020, of the unobligated balances of 
funds apportioned among the States under chapter 1 of title 23, United 
States Code, a total of $7,569,000,000 is permanently rescinded.
    (b) Exclusions From Rescission.--The rescission under subsection (a) 
shall not apply to funds distributed in accordance with--
            (1) sections 104(b)(3) and 130(f) of title 23, United States 
        Code;
            (2) section 133(d)(1)(A) of such title;
            (3) the first sentence of section 133(d)(3)(A) of such 
        title, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
        MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141);
            (4) sections 133(d)(1) and 163 of such title, as in effect 
        on the day before the date of enactment of SAFETEA-LU (Public 
        Law 109-59); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1433]]

            (5) section 104(b)(5) of such title, as in effect on the day 
        before the date of enactment of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141).

    (c) Distribution Among States.--The amount to be rescinded under 
this section from a State shall be determined by multiplying the total 
amount of the rescission in subsection (a) by the ratio that--
            (1) the unobligated balances subject to the rescission as of 
        September 30, 2019, for the State; bears to
            (2) the unobligated balances subject to the rescission as of 
        September 30, 2019, for all States.

    (d) Distribution Within Each State.--The amount to be rescinded 
under this section from each program to which the rescission applies 
within a State shall be determined by multiplying the required 
rescission amount calculated under subsection (c) for such State by the 
ratio that--
            (1) the unobligated balance as of September 30, 2019, for 
        such program in such State; bears to
            (2) the unobligated balances as of September 30, 2019, for 
        all programs to which the rescission applies in such State.
SEC. 1439. <<NOTE: 16 USC 703 note.>> ELIMINATION OF BARRIERS TO 
                          IMPROVE AT-RISK BRIDGES.

    (a) Temporary Authorization.--
            (1) In general.--Until the Secretary of the Interior takes 
        the action described in subsection (b), the take of nesting 
        swallows to facilitate a construction project on a bridge 
        eligible for funding under title 23, United States Code, with 
        any component condition rating of 3 or less (as defined by the 
        National Bridge Inventory General Condition Guidance issued by 
        the Federal Highway Administration) is authorized under the 
        Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703 et seq.) between April 
        1 and August 31.
            (2) Measures to minimize impacts.--
                    (A) Notification before taking.--Prior to the taking 
                of nesting swallows authorized under paragraph (1), any 
                person taking that action shall submit to the Secretary 
                of the Interior a document that contains--
                          (i) the name of the person acting under the 
                      authority of paragraph (1) to take nesting 
                      swallows;
                          (ii) a list of practicable measures that will 
                      be undertaken to minimize or mitigate significant 
                      adverse impacts on the population of that species;
                          (iii) the time period during which activities 
                      will be carried out that will result in the taking 
                      of that species; and
                          (iv) an estimate of the number of birds, by 
                      species, to be taken in the proposed action.
                    (B) Notification after taking.--Not later than 60 
                days after the taking of nesting swallows authorized 
                under paragraph (1), any person taking that action shall 
                submit to the Secretary of the Interior a document that 
                contains the number of birds, by species, taken in the 
                action.

    (b) Authorization of Take.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Interior, in 
        consultation with the Secretary, shall promulgate a regulation 
        under the authority of section 3 of the Migratory Bird Treaty 
        Act

[[Page 129 STAT. 1434]]

        (16 U.S.C. 704) authorizing the take of nesting swallows to 
        facilitate bridge repair, maintenance, or construction--
                    (A) without individual permit requirements; and
                    (B) under terms and conditions determined to be 
                consistent with treaties relating to migratory birds 
                that protect swallow species occurring in the United 
                States.
            (2) Termination.--On the effective date of a final rule 
        under this subsection by the Secretary of the Interior, 
        subsection (a) shall have no force or effect.

    (c) Suspension or Withdrawal of Take Authorization.--If the 
Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary, 
determines that taking of nesting swallows carried out under the 
authority provided in subsection (a)(1) is having a significant adverse 
impact on swallow populations, the Secretary of the Interior may suspend 
that authority through publication in the Federal Register.
SEC. 1440. <<NOTE: 23 USC 121 note.>> AT-RISK PROJECT PREAGREEMENT 
                          AUTHORITY.

    (a) Definition of Preliminary Engineering.--In this section, the 
term ``preliminary engineering'' means allowable preconstruction project 
development and engineering costs.
    (b) At-risk Project Preagreement Authority.--A recipient or 
subrecipient of Federal-aid funds under title 23, United States Code, 
may--
            (1) incur preliminary engineering costs for an eligible 
        project under title 23, United States Code, before receiving 
        project authorization from the State, in the case of a 
        subrecipient, and the Secretary to proceed with the project; and
            (2) request reimbursement of applicable Federal funds after 
        the project authorization is received.

    (c) Eligibility.--The Secretary may reimburse preliminary 
engineering costs incurred by a recipient or subrecipient under 
subsection (b)--
            (1) if the costs meet all applicable requirements under 
        title 23, United States Code, at the time the costs are incurred 
        and the Secretary concurs that the requirements have been met;
            (2) in the case of a project located within a designated 
        nonattainment or maintenance area for air quality, if the 
        conformity requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et 
        seq.) have been met; and
            (3) if the costs would have been allowable if incurred after 
        the date of the project authorization by the Department.

    (d) At-risk.--A recipient or subrecipient that elects to use the 
authority provided under this section shall--
            (1) assume all risk for preliminary engineering costs 
        incurred prior to project authorization; and
            (2) be responsible for ensuring and demonstrating to the 
        Secretary that all applicable cost eligibility conditions are 
        met after the authorization is received.

    (e) Restrictions.--Nothing in this section--
            (1) allows a recipient or subrecipient to use the authority 
        under this section to advance a project beyond preliminary 
        engineering prior to the completion of the environmental review 
        process;
            (2) waives the applicability of Federal requirements to a 
        project other than the reimbursement of preliminary

[[Page 129 STAT. 1435]]

        engineering costs incurred prior to an authorization to proceed 
        in accordance with this section; or
            (3) guarantees Federal funding of the project or the 
        eligibility of the project for future Federal-aid highway 
        funding.
SEC. 1441. <<NOTE: 23 USC 601 note.>> REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE 
                          ACCELERATOR DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a regional 
infrastructure demonstration program (referred to in this section as the 
``program'') to assist entities in developing improved infrastructure 
priorities and financing strategies for the accelerated development of a 
project that is eligible for funding under the TIFIA program under 
chapter 6 of title 23, United States Code.
    (b) Designation of Regional Infrastructure Accelerators.--In 
carrying out the program, the Secretary may designate regional 
infrastructure accelerators that will--
            (1) serve a defined geographic area; and
            (2) act as a resource in the geographic area to qualified 
        entities in accordance with this section.

    (c) Application.--To be eligible for a designation under subsection 
(b), a proposed regional infrastructure accelerator shall submit to the 
Secretary a proposal at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
information as the Secretary may require.
    (d) Criteria.--In evaluating a proposal submitted under subsection 
(c), the Secretary shall consider--
            (1) the need for geographic diversity among regional 
        infrastructure accelerators; and
            (2) the ability of the proposal to promote investment in 
        covered infrastructure projects, which shall include a plan--
                    (A) to evaluate and promote innovative financing 
                methods for local projects, including the use of the 
                TIFIA program under chapter 6 of title 23, United States 
                Code;
                    (B) to build capacity of State, local, and tribal 
                governments to evaluate and structure projects involving 
                the investment of private capital;
                    (C) to provide technical assistance and information 
                on best practices with respect to financing the 
                projects;
                    (D) to increase transparency with respect to 
                infrastructure project analysis and using innovative 
                financing for public infrastructure projects;
                    (E) to deploy predevelopment capital programs 
                designed to facilitate the creation of a pipeline of 
                infrastructure projects available for investment;
                    (F) to bundle smaller-scale and rural projects into 
                larger proposals that may be more attractive for 
                investment; and
                    (G) to reduce transaction costs for public project 
                sponsors.

    (e) Annual Report.--Not less frequently than once each year, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that describes the findings 
and effectiveness of the program.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out the program $12,000,000, of which the 
Secretary shall use--
            (1) $11,750,000 for initial grants to regional 
        infrastructure accelerators under subsection (b); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1436]]

            (2) $250,000 for administrative costs of carrying out the 
        program.
SEC. 1442. <<NOTE: 23 USC 109 note.>> SAFETY FOR USERS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall encourage each State and 
metropolitan planning organization to adopt standards for the design of 
Federal surface transportation projects that provide for the safe and 
adequate accommodation (as determined by the State) of all users of the 
surface transportation network, including motorized and nonmotorized 
users, in all phases of project planning, development, and operation.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall make available to the public a report 
cataloging examples of State law or State transportation policy that 
provide for the safe and adequate accommodation of all users of the 
surface transportation network, in all phases of project planning, 
development, and operation.
    (c) Best Practices.--Based on the report under subsection (b), the 
Secretary shall identify and disseminate examples of best practices 
where States have adopted measures that have successfully provided for 
the safe and adequate accommodation of all users of the surface 
transportation network in all phases of project planning, development, 
and operation.
SEC. 1443. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the engineering industry of the 
United States continues to provide critical technical expertise, 
innovation, and local knowledge to Federal and State agencies in order 
to efficiently deliver surface transportation projects to the public, 
and Congress recognizes the valuable contributions made by the 
engineering industry of the United States and urges the Secretary to 
reinforce those partnerships by encouraging State and local agencies to 
take full advantage of engineering industry capabilities to strengthen 
project performance, improve domestic competitiveness, and create jobs.
SEC. 1444. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>> EVERY DAY COUNTS INITIATIVE.

    (a) In General.--It is in the national interest for the Department, 
State departments of transportation, and all other recipients of Federal 
transportation funds--
            (1) to identify, accelerate, and deploy innovation aimed at 
        shortening project delivery, enhancing the safety of the 
        roadways of the United States, and protecting the environment;
            (2) to ensure that the planning, design, engineering, 
        construction, and financing of transportation projects is done 
        in an efficient and effective manner;
            (3) to promote the rapid deployment of proven solutions that 
        provide greater accountability for public investments and 
        encourage greater private sector involvement; and
            (4) to create a culture of innovation within the highway 
        community.

    (b) Every Day Counts Initiative.--To advance the policy described in 
subsection (a), the Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration 
shall continue the Every Day Counts initiative to work with States, 
local transportation agencies, and industry stakeholders to identify and 
deploy proven innovative practices and products that--
            (1) accelerate innovation deployment;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1437]]

            (2) shorten the project delivery process;
            (3) improve environmental sustainability;
            (4) enhance roadway safety; and
            (5) reduce congestion.

    (c) Innovation Deployment.--
            (1) In general.--At least every 2 years, the Administrator 
        shall work collaboratively with stakeholders to identify a new 
        collection of innovations, best practices, and data to be 
        deployed to highway stakeholders through case studies, webinars, 
        and demonstration projects.
            (2) Requirements.--In identifying a collection described in 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take into account market 
        readiness, impacts, benefits, and ease of adoption of the 
        innovation or practice.

    (d) Publication.--Each collection identified under subsection (c) 
shall be published by the Administrator on a publicly available Web 
site.
SEC. 1445. WATER INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION.

    Section 5028(a) of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 
2014 (33 U.S.C. 3907(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (5); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as paragraphs 
        (5) and (6), respectively.
SEC. 1446. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Title 23.--Title 23, United States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 119(d)(1)(A) is amended by striking 
        ``mobility,'' and inserting ``congestion reduction, system 
        reliability,''.
            (2) Section 126(b)(1) is amended by striking ``133(d)'' and 
        inserting ``133(d)(1)(A)''.
            (3) Section 127(a)(3) is amended by striking ``118(b)(2) of 
        this title'' and inserting ``118(b)''.
            (4) Section 150(b)(5) is amended by striking ``national 
        freight network'' and inserting ``National Highway Freight 
        Network''.
            (5) Section 150(c)(3)(B) is amended by striking the 
        semicolon at the end and inserting a period.
            (6) Section 150(e)(4) is amended by striking ``National 
        Freight Strategic Plan'' and inserting ``national freight 
        strategic plan''.
            (7) Section 153(h)(2) is amended by striking ``paragraphs 
        (1) through (3)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1), (2), and 
        (4)''.
            (8) Section 154(c) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``paragraphs (1), 
                (3), and (4)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1), (2), and 
                (4)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking ``transferred'' 
                and inserting ``reserved''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) 
                      by inserting ``or released'' after 
                      ``transferred''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``under 
                      section 104(b)(l)'' and inserting ``under section 
                      104(b)(1)''.
            (9) Section 163(f)(2) is amended by striking ``118(b)(2)'' 
        and inserting ``118(b)''.
            (10) Section 164(b) is amended--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1438]]

                    (A) in paragraph (3)(A) by striking ``transferred'' 
                and inserting ``reserved''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (5) by inserting ``or released'' 
                after ``transferred''.
            (11) Section 165(c)(7) is amended by striking ``paragraphs 
        (2), (4), (7), (8), (14), and (19) of section 133(b)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 133(c) and 
        section 133(b)(12)''.
            (12) Section 202(b)(3) is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), in the matter preceding 
                subclause (I), by inserting ``(a)(6),'' after 
                ``subsections''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)(ii)(IV), by striking 
                ``(III).]'' and inserting ``(III).''.
            (13) Section 217(a) is amended by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and 
        inserting ``104(b)(4)''.
            (14) Section 515 is amended by striking ``this chapter'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``sections 512 through 
        518''.

    (b) Title 49.--Section 6302(b)(3)(B)(vi)(III) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``6310'' and inserting ``6309''.
    (c) SAFETEA-LU.--Section 4407 of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59; 119 
Stat. 1777) is amended by striking ``hereby enacted into law'' and 
inserting ``granted''.
    (d) <<NOTE: 23 USC 104 note.>> MAP-21.--Effective as of July 6, 
2012, and as if included therein as enacted, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) 
is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 1109(a)(2) (126 Stat. 444) <<NOTE: 23 USC 
        140.>> is amended by striking ``fourth'' and inserting 
        ``fifth''.
            (2) Section 1203 (126 Stat. 524) <<NOTE: 23 USC 150.>> is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a) by striking ``Section 150 of 
                title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as 
                follows'' and inserting ``Title 23, United States Code, 
                is amended by inserting after section 149 the 
                following''; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 101.>> in subsection (b) by 
                striking ``by striking the item relating to section 150 
                and inserting'' and inserting ``by inserting after the 
                item relating to section 149''.
            (3) Section 1313(a)(1) (126 Stat. 545) <<NOTE: 23 USC 
        327.>> is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 101.>> in the section heading by 
        striking `pilot'; and''.
            (4) Section 1314(b) (126 Stat. 549) <<NOTE: 23 USC 104.>> is 
        amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``chapter 3 of'' after ``analysis 
                for''; and
                    (B) by inserting a period at the end of the matter 
                proposed to be inserted.
            (5) Section 1519(c) (126 Stat. 575) is amended--
                    (A) <<NOTE: 23 USC 104.>> by striking paragraph (3);
                    (B) <<NOTE: 23 USC 109, 118, 130, 131, 133, 142, 
                145, 218, 610.>>  by redesignating paragraphs (4) 
                through (12) as paragraphs (3) through (11), 
                respectively;
                    (C) <<NOTE: 23 USC 133.>> in paragraph (7), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking the period at the end of the 
                      matter proposed to be struck; and
                          (ii) by adding a period at the end; and
                    (D) <<NOTE: 23 USC 142.>> in paragraph (8)(A)(i)(I), 
                as redesignated by subparagraph (B), by striking ``than 
                rail'' in the matter proposed to be struck and inserting 
                ``than on rail''.

    (e) Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Act of 2012.--
Section 51001(a)(1) of the Transportation Research

[[Page 129 STAT. 1439]]

and Innovative Technology Act of 2012 (126 Stat. 864) is amended by 
striking ``sections 503(b), 503(d), and 509'' and inserting ``section 
503(b)''.

                  TITLE II--INNOVATIVE PROJECT FINANCE

SEC. 2001. TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION 
                          ACT OF 1998 AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 601(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``In this chapter, the'' and 
                inserting ``The''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``to sections 601 through 609'' 
                after ``apply'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) capitalizing a rural projects fund.'';
            (3) in paragraph (3) by striking ``this chapter'' and 
        inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
            (4) in paragraph (10)--
                    (A) by striking ``(10) Master credit agreement.--'' 
                and all that follows before subparagraph (A) and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(10) Master credit agreement.--The term `master credit 
        agreement' means a conditional agreement to extend credit 
        assistance for a program of related projects secured by a common 
        security pledge covered under section 602(b)(2)(A) or for a 
        single project covered under section 602(b)(2)(B) that does not 
        provide for a current obligation of Federal funds, and that 
        would--'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``subject to the 
                availability of future funds being made available to 
                carry out this chapter;'' and inserting ``subject to--
                          ``(i) the availability of future funds being 
                      made available to carry out the TIFIA program; and
                          ``(ii) the satisfaction of all of the 
                      conditions for the provision of credit assistance 
                      under the TIFIA program, including section 
                      603(b)(1);''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) by redesignating clauses (ii) and (iii) as 
                      clauses (iii) and (iv), respectively;
                          (ii) by inserting after clause (i) the 
                      following:
                          ``(ii) receiving an investment grade rating 
                      from a rating agency;'';
                          (iii) in clause (iii) (as so redesignated) by 
                      striking ``in section 602(c)'' and inserting 
                      ``under the TIFIA program, including sections 
                      602(c) and 603(b)(1)''; and
                          (iv) in clause (iv) (as so redesignated) by 
                      striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the 
                      TIFIA program'';
            (5) in paragraph (12)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1440]]

                    (B) in subparagraph (D)(iv) by striking the period 
                at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) a project to improve or construct public 
                infrastructure that is located within walking distance 
                of, and accessible to, a fixed guideway transit 
                facility, passenger rail station, intercity bus station, 
                or intermodal facility, including a transportation, 
                public utility, or capital project described in section 
                5302(3)(G)(v) of title 49, and related infrastructure; 
                and
                    ``(F) the capitalization of a rural projects 
                fund.'';
            (6) in paragraph (15) by striking ``means'' and all that 
        follows through the period at the end and inserting ``means a 
        surface transportation infrastructure project located in an area 
        that is outside of an urbanized area with a population greater 
        than 150,000 individuals, as determined by the Bureau of the 
        Census.'';
            (7) by redesignating paragraphs (16), (17), (18), (19), and 
        (20) as paragraphs (17), (18), (20), (21), and (22), 
        respectively;
            (8) by inserting after paragraph (15) the following:
            ``(16) Rural projects fund.--The term `rural projects fund' 
        means a fund--
                    ``(A) established by a State infrastructure bank in 
                accordance with section 610(d)(4);
                    ``(B) capitalized with the proceeds of a secured 
                loan made to the bank in accordance with sections 602 
                and 603; and
                    ``(C) for the purpose of making loans to sponsors of 
                rural infrastructure projects in accordance with section 
                610.'';
            (9) by inserting after paragraph (18) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
            ``(19) State infrastructure bank.--The term `State 
        infrastructure bank' means an infrastructure bank established 
        under section 610.''; and
            (10) in paragraph (22) (as so redesignated), by inserting 
        ``established under sections 602 through 609'' after 
        ``Department''.

    (b) Determination of Eligibility and Project Selection.--Section 602 
of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``this chapter'' and 
                inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``this chapter'' 
                and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``this chapter'' 
                and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by striking the paragraph heading and 
                      inserting ``Eligible project cost parameters.--'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``subparagraph (B), to 
                                be eligible for assistance under this 
                                chapter, a project'' and inserting 
                                ``subparagraph (B), a project under the 
                                TIFIA program'';

[[Page 129 STAT. 1441]]

                                    (II) by striking clause (i) and 
                                inserting the following:
                          ``(i) $50,000,000; and''; and
                                    (III) in clause (ii) by striking 
                                ``assistance''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking the subparagraph 
                                designation and heading and all that 
                                follows through ``In the case'' and 
                                inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Exceptions.--
                          ``(i) Intelligent transportation systems.--In 
                      the case''; and
                                    (II) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                          ``(ii) Transit-oriented development 
                      projects.--In the case of a project described in 
                      section 601(a)(12)(E), eligible project costs 
                      shall be reasonably anticipated to equal or exceed 
                      $10,000,000.
                          ``(iii) Rural projects.--In the case of a 
                      rural infrastructure project or a project 
                      capitalizing a rural projects fund, eligible 
                      project costs shall be reasonably anticipated to 
                      equal or exceed $10,000,000, but not to exceed 
                      $100,000,000.
                          ``(iv) Local infrastructure projects.--
                      Eligible project costs shall be reasonably 
                      anticipated to equal or exceed $10,000,000 in the 
                      case of a project or program of projects--
                                    ``(I) in which the applicant is a 
                                local government, public authority, or 
                                instrumentality of local government;
                                    ``(II) located on a facility owned 
                                by a local government; or
                                    ``(III) for which the Secretary 
                                determines that a local government is 
                                substantially involved in the 
                                development of the project.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (9), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``this chapter'' and 
                inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (10)--
                          (i) by striking ``To be eligible'' and 
                      inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), to be eligible'';
                          (ii) by striking ``this chapter'' each place 
                      it appears and inserting ``the TIFIA program'';
                          (iii) by striking ``not later than'' and 
                      inserting ``no later than''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of a project 
                capitalizing a rural projects fund, the State 
                infrastructure bank shall demonstrate, not later than 2 
                years after the date on which a secured loan is 
                obligated for the project under the TIFIA program, that 
                the bank has executed a loan agreement with a borrower 
                for a rural infrastructure project in accordance with 
                section 610. After the demonstration is made, the bank 
                may draw upon the secured loan. At the end of the 2-year 
                period, to the extent the bank has not used the loan 
                commitment, the Secretary may

[[Page 129 STAT. 1442]]

                extend the term of the loan or withdraw the loan 
                commitment.'';
            (2) in subsection (b) by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Master credit agreements.--
                    ``(A) Program of related projects.--The Secretary 
                may enter into a master credit agreement for a program 
                of related projects secured by a common security pledge 
                on terms acceptable to the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Adequate funding not available.--If the 
                Secretary fully obligates funding to eligible projects 
                for a fiscal year and adequate funding is not available 
                to fund a credit instrument, a project sponsor of an 
                eligible project may elect to enter into a master credit 
                agreement and wait to execute a credit instrument until 
                the fiscal year for which additional funds are available 
                to receive credit assistance.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting 
        ``the TIFIA program''; and
            (4) in subsection (e) by striking ``this chapter'' and 
        inserting ``the TIFIA program''.

    (c) Secured Loan Terms and Limitations.--Section 603 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Limitation on refinancing of interim construction 
        financing.--A loan under paragraph (1) shall not refinance 
        interim construction financing under paragraph (1)(B)--
                    ``(A) if the maturity of such interim construction 
                financing is later than 1 year after the substantial 
                completion of the project; and
                    ``(B) later than 1 year after the date of 
                substantial completion of the project.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``The amount of'' and 
                      inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the amount of''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of a project 
                capitalizing a rural projects fund, the maximum amount 
                of a secured loan made to a State infrastructure bank 
                shall be determined in accordance with section 
                602(a)(5)(B)(iii).'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(A)(i)--
                          (i) in subclause (III) by striking ``or'' at 
                      the end;
                          (ii) in subclause (IV) by striking ``and'' at 
                      the end and inserting ``or''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                                    ``(V) in the case of a secured loan 
                                for a project capitalizing a rural 
                                projects fund, any other dedicated 
                                revenue sources available to a State 
                                infrastructure bank, including 
                                repayments from loans made by the bank 
                                for rural infrastructure projects; 
                                and'';

[[Page 129 STAT. 1443]]

                    (C) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (i) by striking ``under this 
                      chapter'' and inserting ``or a rural projects fund 
                      under the TIFIA program''; and
                          (ii) in clause (ii) by inserting ``and rural 
                      project funds'' after ``rural infrastructure 
                      projects'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
                      as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and 
                      indenting appropriately;
                          (ii) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as so 
                      redesignated) by striking ``The final'' and 
                      inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the final''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Rural projects fund.--In the case of a project 
                capitalizing a rural projects fund, the final maturity 
                date of the secured loan shall not exceed 35 years after 
                the date on which the secured loan is obligated.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (8) by striking ``this chapter'' 
                and inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (9)--
                          (i) by striking ``The total Federal assistance 
                      provided on a project receiving a loan under this 
                      chapter'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--The total Federal assistance 
                provided for a project receiving a loan under the TIFIA 
                program''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Rural projects fund.--A project capitalizing a 
                rural projects fund shall satisfy subparagraph (A) 
                through compliance with the Federal share requirement 
                described in section 610(e)(3)(B).''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(f) Streamlined Application Process.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary shall make available an 
        expedited application process or processes available at the 
        request of entities seeking secured loans under the TIFIA 
        program that use a set or sets of conventional terms established 
        pursuant to this section.
            ``(2) Terms.--In establishing the streamlined application 
        process required by this subsection, the Secretary may include 
        terms commonly included in prior credit agreements and allow for 
        an expedited application period, including--
                    ``(A) the secured loan is in an amount of not 
                greater than $100,000,000;
                    ``(B) the secured loan is secured and payable from 
                pledged revenues not affected by project performance, 
                such as a tax-backed revenue pledge, tax increment 
                financing, or a system-backed pledge of project 
                revenues; and
                    ``(C) repayment of the loan commences not later than 
                5 years after disbursement.''.

    (d) Program Administration.--Section 605 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1444]]

            (1) by striking ``this chapter'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(f) Assistance to Small Projects.--
            ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the funds made available to 
        carry out the TIFIA program for each fiscal year, and after the 
        set aside under section 608(a)(5), not less than $2,000,000 
        shall be made available for the Secretary to use in lieu of fees 
        collected under subsection (b) for projects under the TIFIA 
        program having eligible project costs that are reasonably 
        anticipated not to equal or exceed $75,000,000.
            ``(2) Release of funds.--Any funds not used under paragraph 
        (1) in a fiscal year shall be made available on October 1 of the 
        following fiscal year to provide credit assistance to any 
        project under the TIFIA program.''.

    (e) State and Local Permits.--Section 606 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking 
``this chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA program''.
    (f) Regulations.--Section 607 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``this chapter'' and inserting ``the TIFIA 
program''.
    (g) Funding.--Section 608 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``this chapter'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``the TIFIA program''; and
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``of'' after 
                ``504(f)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 
                      rural projects funds'' after ``rural 
                      infrastructure projects''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 
                      rural projects funds'' after ``rural 
                      infrastructure projects'';
                    (C) by striking paragraphs (4) and (6) and 
                redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and
                    (D) by inserting at the end the following:
            ``(5) Administrative costs.--Of the amounts made available 
        to carry out the TIFIA program, the Secretary may use not more 
        than $6,875,000 for fiscal year 2016, $7,081,000 for fiscal year 
        2017, $7,559,000 for fiscal year 2018, $8,195,000 for fiscal 
        year 2019, and $8,441,000 for fiscal year 2020 for the 
        administration of the TIFIA program.''.

    (h) Reports to Congress.--Section 609 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``this chapter (other than section 610)'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``the TIFIA program''.
    (i) State Infrastructure Bank Program.--Section 610 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(11) Rural infrastructure project.--The term `rural 
        infrastructure project' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 601.
            ``(12) Rural projects fund.--The term `rural projects fund' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 601.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``each of fiscal 
                years'' and all that follows through the end of 
                subparagraph (A)

[[Page 129 STAT. 1445]]

                and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 
                under each of paragraphs (1), (2), and (5) of section 
                104(b); and'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 
                through 2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 
                2020'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 
                through 2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 
                2020'';
                    (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
                paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) Rural projects fund.--Subject to subsection (j), the 
        Secretary may permit a State entering into a cooperative 
        agreement under this section to establish a State infrastructure 
        bank to deposit into the rural projects fund of the bank the 
        proceeds of a secured loan made to the bank in accordance with 
        sections 602 and 603.''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated) by 
                striking ``section 133(d)(3)'' and inserting ``section 
                133(d)(1)(A)(i)'';
            (3) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:

    ``(e) Forms of Assistance From State Infrastructure Banks.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State infrastructure bank established 
        under this section may--
                    ``(A) with funds deposited into the highway account, 
                transit account, or rail account of the bank, make loans 
                or provide other forms of credit assistance to a public 
                or private entity to carry out a project eligible for 
                assistance under this section; and
                    ``(B) with funds deposited into the rural projects 
                fund, make loans to a public or private entity to carry 
                out a rural infrastructure project.
            ``(2) Subordination of loan.--The amount of a loan or other 
        form of credit assistance provided for a project described in 
        paragraph (1) may be subordinated to any other debt financing 
        for the project.
            ``(3) Maximum amount of assistance.--A State infrastructure 
        bank established under this section may--
                    ``(A) with funds deposited into the highway account, 
                transit account, or rail account of the bank, make loans 
                or provide other forms of credit assistance to a public 
                or private entity in an amount up to 100 percent of the 
                cost of carrying out a project eligible for assistance 
                under this section; and
                    ``(B) with funds deposited into the rural projects 
                fund, make loans to a public or private entity in an 
                amount not to exceed 80 percent of the cost of carrying 
                out a rural infrastructure project.
            ``(4) Initial assistance.--Initial assistance provided with 
        respect to a project from Federal funds deposited into a State 
        infrastructure bank under this section may not be made in the 
        form of a grant.'';
            (4) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``each account'' 
                and inserting ``the highway account, the transit 
                account, and the rail account''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1446]]

                    (B) in paragraph (4) by inserting ``, except that 
                any loan funded from the rural projects fund of the bank 
                shall bear interest at or below the interest rate 
                charged for the TIFIA loan provided to the bank under 
                section 603'' after ``feasible''; and
            (5) in subsection (k) by striking ``fiscal years 2005 
        through 2009'' and inserting ``fiscal years 2016 through 2020''.
SEC. 2002. AVAILABILITY PAYMENT CONCESSION MODEL.

    (a) Payment to States for Construction.--Section 121(a) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including payments made 
pursuant to a long-term concession agreement, such as availability 
payments)'' after ``a project''.
    (b) Project Approval and Oversight.--Section 106(b)(1) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including payments made 
pursuant to a long-term concession agreement, such as availability 
payments)'' after ``construction of the project''.

TITLE III-- <<NOTE: Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015.>> PUBLIC 
TRANSPORTATION
SEC. 3001. <<NOTE: 49 USC 5101 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Federal Public Transportation Act 
of 2015''.
SEC. 3002. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 5302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C) by inserting ``functional'' 
                before ``landscaping and''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``bicycle 
                storage facilities and installing equipment'' and 
                inserting ``bicycle storage shelters and parking 
                facilities and the installation of equipment'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (F) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(F) leasing equipment or a facility for use in 
                public transportation;'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (G)--
                          (i) in clause (iv) by adding ``and'' at the 
                      end;
                          (ii) in clause (v) by striking ``and'' at the 
                      end; and
                          (iii) by striking clause (vi);
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(I) the provision of nonfixed route paratransit 
                transportation services in accordance with section 223 
                of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
                U.S.C. 12143), but only for grant recipients that are in 
                compliance with applicable requirements of that Act, 
                including both fixed route and demand responsive 
                service, and only for amounts--
                          ``(i) not to exceed 10 percent of such 
                      recipient's annual formula apportionment under 
                      sections 5307 and 5311; or
                          ``(ii) not to exceed 20 percent of such 
                      recipient's annual formula apportionment under 
                      sections 5307 and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1447]]

                      5311, if, consistent with guidance issued by the 
                      Secretary, the recipient demonstrates that the 
                      recipient meets at least 2 of the following 
                      requirements:
                                    ``(I) Provides an active fixed route 
                                travel training program that is 
                                available for riders with disabilities.
                                    ``(II) Provides that all fixed route 
                                and paratransit operators participate in 
                                a passenger safety, disability 
                                awareness, and sensitivity training 
                                class on at least a biennial basis.
                                    ``(III) Has memoranda of 
                                understanding in place with employers 
                                and the American Job Center to increase 
                                access to employment opportunities for 
                                people with disabilities.'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (K) by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (E) in subparagraph (L) by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(M) associated transit improvements; or
                    ``(N) technological changes or innovations to modify 
                low or no emission vehicles (as defined in section 
                5339(c)) or facilities.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(24) Value capture.--The term `value capture' means 
        recovering the increased property value to property located near 
        public transportation resulting from investments in public 
        transportation.''.
SEC. 3003. METROPOLITAN AND STATEWIDE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

    (a) In General.--Section 5303 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1) by inserting ``resilient'' after 
        ``development of'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that 
        support intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
        intercity bus facilities and commuter vanpool providers'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (6) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (7), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Representation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Designation or selection of 
                officials or representatives under paragraph (2) shall 
                be determined by the metropolitan planning organization 
                according to the bylaws or enabling statute of the 
                organization.
                    ``(B) Public transportation representative.--Subject 
                to the bylaws or enabling statute of the metropolitan 
                planning organization, a representative of a provider of 
                public transportation may also serve as a representative 
                of a local municipality.
                    ``(C) Powers of certain officials.--An official 
                described in paragraph (2)(B) shall have 
                responsibilities, actions, duties, voting rights, and 
                any other authority

[[Page 129 STAT. 1448]]

                commensurate with other officials described in paragraph 
                (2).''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``paragraph (5)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                (6)'';
            (4) in subsection (e)(4)(B) by striking ``subsection 
        (d)(5)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)(6)'';
            (5) in subsection (g)(3)(A) by inserting ``tourism, natural 
        disaster risk reduction,'' after ``economic development,'';
            (6) in subsection (h)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (H) by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) improve the resiliency and reliability of the 
                transportation system.'';
            (7) in subsection (i)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(i) by striking 
                      ``transit'' and inserting ``public transportation 
                      facilities, intercity bus facilities'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (G)--
                                    (I) by striking ``and provide'' and 
                                inserting ``, provide''; and
                                    (II) by inserting before the period 
                                at the end the following: ``, and reduce 
                                the vulnerability of the existing 
                                transportation infrastructure to natural 
                                disasters''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (H) by inserting before 
                      the period at the end the following: ``, including 
                      consideration of the role that intercity buses may 
                      play in reducing congestion, pollution, and energy 
                      consumption in a cost-effective manner and 
                      strategies and investments that preserve and 
                      enhance intercity bus systems, including systems 
                      that are privately owned and operated'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6)(A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``public ports,'' before 
                      ``freight shippers,''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                      operators, employer-based commuting programs, such 
                      as a carpool program, vanpool program, transit 
                      benefit program, parking cash-out program, shuttle 
                      program, or telework program)'' after ``private 
                      providers of transportation''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (8) by striking ``paragraph 
                (2)(C)'' each place it appears and inserting ``paragraph 
                (2)(E)'';
            (8) in subsection (k)(3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``(including 
                intercity bus operators, employer-based commuting 
                programs, such as a carpool program, vanpool program, 
                transit benefit program, parking cash-out program, 
                shuttle program, or telework program), job access 
                projects,'' after ``reduction''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Congestion management plan.--A metropolitan 
                planning organization serving a transportation 
                management area may develop a plan that includes 
                projects and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1449]]

                strategies that will be considered in the TIP of such 
                metropolitan planning organization. Such plan shall--
                          ``(i) develop regional goals to reduce vehicle 
                      miles traveled during peak commuting hours and 
                      improve transportation connections between areas 
                      with high job concentration and areas with high 
                      concentrations of low-income households;
                          ``(ii) identify existing public transportation 
                      services, employer-based commuter programs, and 
                      other existing transportation services that 
                      support access to jobs in the region; and
                          ``(iii) identify proposed projects and 
                      programs to reduce congestion and increase job 
                      access opportunities.
                    ``(D) Participation.--In developing the plan under 
                subparagraph (C), a metropolitan planning organization 
                shall consult with employers, private and non-profit 
                providers of public transportation, transportation 
                management organizations, and organizations that provide 
                job access reverse commute projects or job-related 
                services to low-income individuals.'';
            (9) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) by adding a period at the end of paragraph (1); 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(D) by striking ``of less than 
                200,000'' and inserting ``with a population of 200,000 
                or less'';
            (10) in subsection (p) by striking ``Funds set aside under 
        section 104(f)'' and inserting ``Funds apportioned under section 
        104(b)(5)''; and
            (11) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(r) Bi-State Metropolitan Planning Organization.--
            ``(1) Definition of bi-state mpo region.--In this 
        subsection, the term `Bi-State Metropolitan Planning 
        Organization' has the meaning given the term `region' in 
        subsection (a) of Article II of the Lake Tahoe Regional Planning 
        Compact (Public Law 96-551; 94 Stat. 3234).
            ``(2) Treatment.--For the purpose of this title, the Bi-
        State Metropolitan Planning Organization shall be treated as--
                    ``(A) a metropolitan planning organization;
                    ``(B) a transportation management area under 
                subsection (k); and
                    ``(C) an urbanized area, which is comprised of a 
                population of 145,000 in the State of California and a 
                population of 65,000 in the State of Nevada.''.

    (b) Statewide and Nonmetropolitan Transportation Planning.--Section 
5304 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``and bicycle 
        transportation facilities'' and inserting ``, bicycle 
        transportation facilities, and intermodal facilities that 
        support intercity transportation, including intercity buses and 
        intercity bus facilities and commuter vanpool providers'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``and'' at 
                      the end;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1450]]

                          (ii) in subparagraph (H) by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) improve the resiliency and reliability of the 
                transportation system.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by striking 
                      ``urbanized''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                      ``urbanized''; and
            (3) in subsection (f)(3)(A)(ii)--
                    (A) by inserting ``public ports,'' before ``freight 
                shippers,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``(including intercity bus 
                operators, employer-based commuting programs, such as a 
                carpool program, vanpool program, transit benefit 
                program, parking cash-out program, shuttle program, or 
                telework program)'' after ``private providers of 
                transportation''.
SEC. 3004. URBANIZED AREA FORMULA GRANTS.

    Section 5307 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``or demand 
                response service, excluding ADA complementary 
                paratransit service,'' before ``during'' each place it 
                appears; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Exception to the special rule.--Notwithstanding 
        paragraph (2), if a public transportation system described in 
        such paragraph executes a written agreement with 1 or more other 
        public transportation systems within the urbanized area to 
        allocate funds for the purposes described in the paragraph by a 
        method other than by measuring vehicle revenue hours, each 
        public transportation system that is a party to the written 
        agreement may follow the terms of the written agreement without 
        regard to measured vehicle revenue hours referred to in the 
        paragraph.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in 
                accordance with the recipient's transit asset management 
                plan'' after ``equipment and facilities''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (K), by striking ``Census--'' 
                and all that follows through clause (ii) and inserting 
                the following: ``Census, will submit an annual report 
                listing projects carried out in the preceding fiscal 
                year under this section for associated transit 
                improvements as defined in section 5302; and''.
SEC. 3005. FIXED GUIDEWAY CAPITAL INVESTMENT GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 5309 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and weekend 
                days'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, small 
                      start projects,'' after ``new fixed guideway 
                      capital projects''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                      inserting the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1451]]

                    ``(B) 2 or more projects that are any combination of 
                new fixed guideway capital projects, small start 
                projects, and core capacity improvement projects.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (7)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                      ``$75,000,000'' and inserting ``$100,000,000''; 
                      and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                      ``$250,000,000'' and inserting ``$300,000,000'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B) by striking ``, policies and 
                land use patterns that promote public transportation,''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                          (i) in clause (iii) by adding ``and'' after 
                      the semicolon;
                          (ii) by striking clause (iv); and
                          (iii) by redesignating clause (v) as clause 
                      (iv);
            (3) in subsection (g)(2)(A)(i) by striking ``the policies 
        and land use patterns that support public transportation,'';
            (4) in subsection (h)(6)--
                    (A) by striking ``In carrying out'' and inserting 
                the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Optional early rating.--At the request of the 
                project sponsor, the Secretary shall evaluate and rate 
                the project in accordance with paragraphs (4) and (5) 
                and subparagraph (A) of this paragraph upon completion 
                of the analysis required under the National 
                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et 
                seq.).'';
            (5) in subsection (i)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection (d) or 
                (e)'' and inserting ``subsection (d), (e), or (h)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) 
                      by inserting ``new fixed guideway capital project 
                      or core capacity improvement'' after ``federally 
                      funded'';
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (D) and 
                      inserting the following:
                    ``(D) the program of interrelated projects, when 
                evaluated as a whole--
                          ``(i) meets the requirements of subsection 
                      (d)(2), subsection (e)(2), or paragraphs (3) and 
                      (4) of subsection (h), as applicable, if the 
                      program is comprised entirely of--
                                    ``(I) new fixed guideway capital 
                                projects;
                                    ``(II) core capacity improvement 
                                projects; or
                                    ``(III) small start projects; or
                          ``(ii) meets the requirements of subsection 
                      (d)(2) if the program is comprised of any 
                      combination of new fixed guideway capital 
                      projects, small start projects, and core capacity 
                      improvement projects;''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ``or 
                      subsection (h)(5), as applicable'' after 
                      ``subsection (f)''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (3)(A) and inserting the 
                following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1452]]

                    ``(A) Project advancement.--A project receiving a 
                grant under this section that is part of a program of 
                interrelated projects may not advance--
                          ``(i) in the case of a small start project, 
                      from the project development phase to the 
                      construction phase unless the Secretary determines 
                      that the program of interrelated projects meets 
                      the applicable requirements of this section and 
                      there is a reasonable likelihood that the program 
                      will continue to meet such requirements; or
                          ``(ii) in the case of a new fixed guideway 
                      capital project or a core capacity improvement 
                      project, from the project development phase to the 
                      engineering phase, or from the engineering phase 
                      to the construction phase, unless the Secretary 
                      determines that the program of interrelated 
                      projects meets the applicable requirements of this 
                      section and there is a reasonable likelihood that 
                      the program will continue to meet such 
                      requirements.'';
            (6) in subsection (l)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Estimation of net capital project cost.--Based 
                on engineering studies, studies of economic feasibility, 
                and information on the expected use of equipment or 
                facilities, the Secretary shall estimate the net capital 
                project cost.
                    ``(B) Grants.--
                          ``(i) Grant for new fixed guideway capital 
                      project.--A grant for a new fixed guideway capital 
                      project shall not exceed 80 percent of the net 
                      capital project cost.
                          ``(ii) Full funding grant agreement for new 
                      fixed guideway capital project.--A full funding 
                      grant agreement for a new fixed guideway capital 
                      project shall not include a share of more than 60 
                      percent from the funds made available under this 
                      section.
                          ``(iii) Grant for core capacity improvement 
                      project.--A grant for a core capacity improvement 
                      project shall not exceed 80 percent of the net 
                      capital project cost of the incremental cost to 
                      increase the capacity in the corridor.
                          ``(iv) Grant for small start project.--A grant 
                      for a small start project shall not exceed 80 
                      percent of the net capital project costs.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(4) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net capital 
        project costs shall be provided--
                    ``(A) in cash from non-Government sources;
                    ``(B) from revenues from the sale of advertising and 
                concessions; or
                    ``(C) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve, or new 
                capital.'';
            (7) by striking subsection (n) and inserting the following:

    ``(n) Availability of Amounts.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1453]]

            ``(1) In general.--An amount made available or appropriated 
        for a new fixed guideway capital project or core capacity 
        improvement project shall remain available to that project for 4 
        fiscal years, including the fiscal year in which the amount is 
        made available or appropriated. Any amounts that are unobligated 
        to the project at the end of the 4-fiscal-year period may be 
        used by the Secretary for any purpose under this section.
            ``(2) Use of deobligated amounts.--An amount available under 
        this section that is deobligated may be used for any purpose 
        under this section.''; and
            (8) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(p) Special Rule.--For the purposes of calculating the cost 
effectiveness of a project described in subsection (d) or (e), the 
Secretary shall not reduce or eliminate the capital costs of art and 
non-functional landscaping elements from the annualized capital cost 
calculation.
    ``(q) Joint Public Transportation and Intercity Passenger Rail 
Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants for new 
        fixed guideway capital projects and core capacity improvement 
        projects that provide both public transportation and intercity 
        passenger rail service.
            ``(2) Eligible costs.--Eligible costs for a project under 
        this subsection shall be limited to the net capital costs of the 
        public transportation costs attributable to the project based on 
        projected use of the new segment or expanded capacity of the 
        project corridor, not including project elements designed to 
        achieve or maintain a state of good repair, as determined by the 
        Secretary under paragraph (4).
            ``(3) Project justification and local financial 
        commitment.--A project under this subsection shall be evaluated 
        for project justification and local financial commitment under 
        subsections (d), (e), (f), and (h), as applicable to the 
        project, based on--
                    ``(A) the net capital costs of the public 
                transportation costs attributable to the project as 
                determined under paragraph (4); and
                    ``(B) the share of funds dedicated to the project 
                from sources other than this section included in the 
                unified finance plan for the project.
            ``(4) Calculation of net capital project cost.--The 
        Secretary shall estimate the net capital costs of a project 
        under this subsection based on--
                    ``(A) engineering studies;
                    ``(B) studies of economic feasibility;
                    ``(C) the expected use of equipment or facilities; 
                and
                    ``(D) the public transportation costs attributable 
                to the project.
            ``(5) Government share of net capital project cost.--
                    ``(A) Government share.--The Government share shall 
                not exceed 80 percent of the net capital cost 
                attributable to the public transportation costs of a 
                project under this subsection as determined under 
                paragraph (4).
                    ``(B) Non-government share.--The remainder of the 
                net capital cost attributable to the public 
                transportation costs of a project under this subsection 
                shall be provided

[[Page 129 STAT. 1454]]

                from an undistributed cash surplus, a replacement or 
                depreciation cash fund or reserve, or new capital.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 5309 note.>> Expedited Project Delivery for 
Capital Investment Grants Pilot Program.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions shall apply:
                    (A) Applicant.--The term ``applicant'' means a State 
                or local governmental authority that applies for a grant 
                under this subsection.
                    (B) Capital project; fixed guideway; local 
                governmental authority; public transportation; state; 
                state of good repair.--The terms ``capital project'', 
                ``fixed guideway'', ``local governmental authority'', 
                ``public transportation'', ``State'', and ``state of 
                good repair'' have the meanings given those terms in 
                section 5302 of title 49, United States Code.
                    (C) Core capacity improvement project.--The term 
                ``core capacity improvement project''--
                          (i) means a substantial corridor-based capital 
                      investment in an existing fixed guideway system 
                      that increases the capacity of a corridor by not 
                      less than 10 percent; and
                          (ii) may include project elements designed to 
                      aid the existing fixed guideway system in making 
                      substantial progress towards achieving a state of 
                      good repair.
                    (D) Corridor-based bus rapid transit project.--The 
                term ``corridor-based bus rapid transit project'' means 
                a small start project utilizing buses in which the 
                project represents a substantial investment in a defined 
                corridor as demonstrated by features that emulate the 
                services provided by rail fixed guideway public 
                transportation systems--
                          (i) including--
                                    (I) defined stations;
                                    (II) traffic signal priority for 
                                public transportation vehicles;
                                    (III) short headway bidirectional 
                                services for a substantial part of 
                                weekdays; and
                                    (IV) any other features the 
                                Secretary may determine support a long-
                                term corridor investment; and
                          (ii) the majority of which does not operate in 
                      a separated right-of-way dedicated for public 
                      transportation use during peak periods.
                    (E) Eligible project.--The term ``eligible project'' 
                means a new fixed guideway capital project, a small 
                start project, or a core capacity improvement project 
                that has not entered into a full funding grant agreement 
                with the Federal Transit Administration before the date 
                of enactment of this Act.
                    (F) Fixed guideway bus rapid transit project.--The 
                term ``fixed guideway bus rapid transit project'' means 
                a bus capital project--
                          (i) in which the majority of the project 
                      operates in a separated right-of-way dedicated for 
                      public transportation use during peak periods;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1455]]

                          (ii) that represents a substantial investment 
                      in a single route in a defined corridor or 
                      subarea; and
                          (iii) that includes features that emulate the 
                      services provided by rail fixed guideway public 
                      transportation systems, including--
                                    (I) defined stations;
                                    (II) traffic signal priority for 
                                public transportation vehicles;
                                    (III) short headway bidirectional 
                                services for a substantial part of 
                                weekdays and weekend days; and
                                    (IV) any other features the 
                                Secretary may determine are necessary to 
                                produce high-quality public 
                                transportation services that emulate the 
                                services provided by rail fixed guideway 
                                public transportation systems.
                    (G) New fixed guideway capital project.--The term 
                ``new fixed guideway capital project'' means--
                          (i) a fixed guideway capital project that is a 
                      minimum operable segment or extension to an 
                      existing fixed guideway system; or
                          (ii) a fixed guideway bus rapid transit 
                      project that is a minimum operable segment or an 
                      extension to an existing bus rapid transit system.
                    (H) Recipient.--The term ``recipient'' means a 
                recipient of funding under chapter 53 of title 49, 
                United States Code.
                    (I) Small start project.--The term ``small start 
                project'' means a new fixed guideway capital project, a 
                fixed guideway bus rapid transit project, or a corridor-
                based bus rapid transit project for which--
                          (i) the Federal assistance provided or to be 
                      provided under this subsection is less than 
                      $75,000,000; and
                          (ii) the total estimated net capital cost is 
                      less than $300,000,000.
            (2) General authority.--The Secretary may make grants under 
        this subsection to States and local governmental authorities to 
        assist in financing--
                    (A) new fixed guideway capital projects or small 
                start projects, including the acquisition of real 
                property, the initial acquisition of rolling stock for 
                the system, the acquisition of rights-of-way, and 
                relocation, for projects in the advanced stages of 
                planning and design; and
                    (B) core capacity improvement projects, including 
                the acquisition of real property, the acquisition of 
                rights-of-way, double tracking, signalization 
                improvements, electrification, expanding system 
                platforms, acquisition of rolling stock associated with 
                corridor improvements increasing capacity, construction 
                of infill stations, and such other capacity improvement 
                projects as the Secretary determines are appropriate to 
                increase the capacity of an existing fixed guideway 
                system corridor by not less than 10 percent. Core 
                capacity improvement projects do not include elements to 
                improve general station facilities or parking, or 
                acquisition of rolling stock alone.
            (3) Grant requirements.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1456]]

                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may make not more 
                than 8 grants under this subsection for eligible 
                projects if the Secretary determines that--
                          (i) the eligible project is part of an 
                      approved transportation plan required under 
                      sections 5303 and 5304 of title 49, United States 
                      Code;
                          (ii) the applicant has, or will have--
                                    (I) the legal, financial, and 
                                technical capacity to carry out the 
                                eligible project, including the safety 
                                and security aspects of the eligible 
                                project;
                                    (II) satisfactory continuing control 
                                over the use of the equipment or 
                                facilities;
                                    (III) the technical and financial 
                                capacity to maintain new and existing 
                                equipment and facilities; and
                                    (IV) advisors providing guidance to 
                                the applicant on the terms and structure 
                                of the project that are independent from 
                                investors in the project;
                          (iii) the eligible project is supported, or 
                      will be supported, in part, through a public-
                      private partnership, provided such support is 
                      determined by local policies, criteria, and 
                      decisionmaking under section 5306(a) of title 49, 
                      United States Code;
                          (iv) the eligible project is justified based 
                      on findings presented by the project sponsor to 
                      the Secretary, including--
                                    (I) mobility improvements 
                                attributable to the project;
                                    (II) environmental benefits 
                                associated with the project;
                                    (III) congestion relief associated 
                                with the project;
                                    (IV) economic development effects 
                                derived as a result of the project; and
                                    (V) estimated ridership projections;
                          (v) the eligible project is supported by an 
                      acceptable degree of local financial commitment 
                      (including evidence of stable and dependable 
                      financing sources); and
                          (vi) the eligible project will be operated and 
                      maintained by employees of an existing provider of 
                      fixed guideway or bus rapid transit public 
                      transportation in the service area of the project, 
                      or if none exists, by employees of an existing 
                      public transportation provider in the service 
                      area.
                    (B) Certification.--An applicant that has submitted 
                the certifications required under subparagraphs (A), 
                (B), (C), and (H) of section 5307(c)(1) of title 49, 
                United States Code, shall be deemed to have provided 
                sufficient information upon which the Secretary may make 
                the determinations required under this paragraph.
                    (C) Technical capacity.--The Secretary shall use an 
                expedited technical capacity review process for 
                applicants that have recently and successfully completed 
                not less than 1 new fixed guideway capital project, 
                small start project, or core capacity improvement 
                project, if--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1457]]

                          (i) the applicant achieved budget, cost, and 
                      ridership outcomes for the project that are 
                      consistent with or better than projections; and
                          (ii) the applicant demonstrates that the 
                      applicant continues to have the staff expertise 
                      and other resources necessary to implement a new 
                      project.
                    (D) Financial commitment.--
                          (i) Requirements.--In determining whether an 
                      eligible project is supported by an acceptable 
                      degree of local financial commitment and shows 
                      evidence of stable and dependable financing 
                      sources for purposes of subparagraph (A)(v), the 
                      Secretary shall require that--
                                    (I) each proposed source of capital 
                                and operating financing is stable, 
                                reliable, and available within the 
                                proposed eligible project timetable; and
                                    (II) resources are available to 
                                recapitalize, maintain, and operate the 
                                overall existing and proposed public 
                                transportation system, including 
                                essential feeder bus and other services 
                                necessary, without degradation to the 
                                existing level of public transportation 
                                services.
                          (ii) Considerations.--In assessing the 
                      stability, reliability, and availability of 
                      proposed sources of financing under clause (i), 
                      the Secretary shall consider--
                                    (I) the reliability of the 
                                forecasting methods used to estimate 
                                costs and revenues made by the applicant 
                                and the contractors to the applicant;
                                    (II) existing grant commitments;
                                    (III) the degree to which financing 
                                sources are dedicated to the proposed 
                                eligible project;
                                    (IV) any debt obligation that exists 
                                or is proposed by the applicant, for the 
                                proposed eligible project or other 
                                public transportation purpose; and
                                    (V) private contributions to the 
                                eligible project, including cost-
                                effective project delivery, management 
                                or transfer of project risks, expedited 
                                project schedule, financial partnering, 
                                and other public-private partnership 
                                strategies.
                    (E) Labor standards.--The requirements under section 
                5333 of title 49, United States Code, shall apply to 
                each recipient of a grant under this subsection.
            (4) Project advancement.--An applicant that desires a grant 
        under this subsection and meets the requirements of paragraph 
        (3) shall submit to the Secretary, and the Secretary shall 
        approve for advancement, a grant request that contains--
                    (A) identification of an eligible project;
                    (B) a schedule and finance plan for the construction 
                and operation of the eligible project;
                    (C) an analysis of the efficiencies of the proposed 
                eligible project development and delivery methods and 
                innovative financing arrangement for the eligible 
                project, including any documents related to the--
                          (i) public-private partnership required under 
                      paragraph (3)(A)(iii); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1458]]

                          (ii) project justification required under 
                      paragraph (3)(A)(iv); and
                    (D) a certification that the existing public 
                transportation system of the applicant or, in the event 
                that the applicant does not operate a public 
                transportation system, the public transportation system 
                to which the proposed project will be attached, is in a 
                state of good repair.
            (5) Written notice from the secretary.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
                date on which the Secretary receives a grant request of 
                an applicant under paragraph (4), the Secretary shall 
                provide written notice to the applicant--
                          (i) of approval of the grant request; or
                          (ii) if the grant request does not meet the 
                      requirements under paragraph (4), of disapproval 
                      of the grant request, including a detailed 
                      explanation of the reasons for the disapproval.
                    (B) Concurrent notice.--The Secretary shall provide 
                concurrent notice of an approval or disapproval of a 
                grant request under subparagraph (A) to the Committee on 
                Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate and 
                the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
                the House of Representatives.
            (6) Waiver.--The Secretary may grant a waiver to an 
        applicant that does not comply with paragraph (4)(D) if--
                    (A) the eligible project meets the definition of a 
                core capacity improvement project; and
                    (B) the Secretary certifies that the eligible 
                project will allow the applicant to make substantial 
                progress in achieving a state of good repair.
            (7) Selection criteria.--The Secretary may enter into a full 
        funding grant agreement with an applicant under this subsection 
        for an eligible project for which an application has been 
        submitted and approved for advancement by the Secretary under 
        paragraph (4), only if the applicant has completed the planning 
        and activities required under the National Environmental Policy 
        Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
            (8) Letters of intent and full funding grant agreements.--
                    (A) Letters of intent.--
                          (i) Amounts intended to be obligated.--The 
                      Secretary may issue a letter of intent to an 
                      applicant announcing an intention to obligate, for 
                      an eligible project under this subsection, an 
                      amount from future available budget authority 
                      specified in law that is not more than the amount 
                      stipulated as the financial participation of the 
                      Secretary in the eligible project. When a letter 
                      is issued for an eligible project under this 
                      subsection, the amount shall be sufficient to 
                      complete at least an operable segment.
                          (ii) Treatment.--The issuance of a letter 
                      under clause (i) is deemed not to be an obligation 
                      under section 1108(c), 1501, or 1502(a) of title 
                      31, United States Code, or an administrative 
                      commitment.
                    (B) Full funding grant agreements.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1459]]

                          (i) In general.--Except as provided in clause 
                      (v), an eligible project shall be carried out 
                      under this subsection through a full funding grant 
                      agreement.
                          (ii) Criteria.--The Secretary shall enter into 
                      a full funding grant agreement, based on the 
                      requirements of this subparagraph, with each 
                      applicant receiving assistance for an eligible 
                      project that has received a written notice of 
                      approval under paragraph (5)(A)(i).
                          (iii) Terms.--A full funding grant agreement 
                      shall--
                                    (I) establish the terms of 
                                participation by the Federal Government 
                                in the eligible project;
                                    (II) establish the maximum amount of 
                                Federal financial assistance for the 
                                eligible project;
                                    (III) include the period of time for 
                                completing construction of the eligible 
                                project, consistent with the terms of 
                                the public-private partnership 
                                agreement, even if that period extends 
                                beyond the period of an authorization; 
                                and
                                    (IV) make timely and efficient 
                                management of the eligible project 
                                easier according to the law of the 
                                United States.
                          (iv) Special financial rules.--
                                    (I) In general.--A full funding 
                                grant agreement under this subparagraph 
                                obligates an amount of available budget 
                                authority specified in law and may 
                                include a commitment, contingent on 
                                amounts to be specified in law in 
                                advance for commitments under this 
                                subparagraph, to obligate an additional 
                                amount from future available budget 
                                authority specified in law.
                                    (II) Statement of contingent 
                                commitment.--A full funding grant 
                                agreement shall state that the 
                                contingent commitment is not an 
                                obligation of the Federal Government.
                                    (III) Interest and other financing 
                                costs.--Interest and other financing 
                                costs of efficiently carrying out a part 
                                of the eligible project within a 
                                reasonable time are a cost of carrying 
                                out the eligible project under a full 
                                funding grant agreement, except that 
                                eligible costs may not be more than the 
                                cost of the most favorable financing 
                                terms reasonably available for the 
                                eligible project at the time of 
                                borrowing. The applicant shall certify, 
                                in a way satisfactory to the Secretary, 
                                that the applicant has shown reasonable 
                                diligence in seeking the most favorable 
                                financing terms.
                                    (IV) Completion of operable 
                                segment.--The amount stipulated in an 
                                agreement under this subparagraph for a 
                                new fixed guideway capital project, core 
                                capacity improvement project, or small 
                                start project shall be sufficient to 
                                complete at least an operable segment.
                          (v) Exception.--
                                    (I) In general.--The Secretary, to 
                                the maximum extent practicable, shall 
                                provide Federal

[[Page 129 STAT. 1460]]

                                assistance under this subsection for a 
                                small start project in a single grant. 
                                If the Secretary cannot provide such a 
                                single grant, the Secretary may execute 
                                an expedited grant agreement in order to 
                                include a commitment on the part of the 
                                Secretary to provide funding for the 
                                project in future fiscal years.
                                    (II) Terms of expedited grant 
                                agreements.--In executing an expedited 
                                grant agreement under this clause, the 
                                Secretary may include in the agreement 
                                terms similar to those established under 
                                clause (iii).
                    (C) Limitation on amounts.--
                          (i) In general.--The Secretary may enter into 
                      full funding grant agreements under this paragraph 
                      for eligible projects that contain contingent 
                      commitments to incur obligations in such amounts 
                      as the Secretary determines are appropriate.
                          (ii) Appropriation required.--An obligation 
                      may be made under this paragraph only when amounts 
                      are appropriated for obligation.
                    (D) Notification to congress.--
                          (i) In general.--Not later than 30 days before 
                      the date on which the Secretary issues a letter of 
                      intent or enters into a full funding grant 
                      agreement for an eligible project under this 
                      paragraph, the Secretary shall notify, in writing, 
                      the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                      Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                      Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
                      Infrastructure and the Committee on Appropriations 
                      of the House of Representatives of the proposed 
                      letter of intent or full funding grant agreement.
                          (ii) Contents.--The written notification under 
                      clause (i) shall include a copy of the proposed 
                      letter of intent or full funding grant agreement 
                      for the eligible project.
            (9) Government share of net capital project cost.--
                    (A) In general.--A grant for an eligible project 
                shall not exceed 25 percent of the net capital project 
                cost.
                    (B) Remainder of net capital project cost.--The 
                remainder of the net capital project cost shall be 
                provided from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve, or new 
                capital.
                    (C) Limitation on statutory construction.--Nothing 
                in this subsection shall be construed as authorizing the 
                Secretary to require a non-Federal financial commitment 
                for a project that is more than 75 percent of the net 
                capital project cost.
                    (D) Special rule for rolling stock costs.--In 
                addition to amounts allowed pursuant to subparagraph 
                (A), a planned extension to a fixed guideway system may 
                include the cost of rolling stock previously purchased 
                if the applicant satisfies the Secretary that only 
                amounts other than amounts provided by the Federal 
                Government were used and that the purchase was made for 
                use on the extension. A refund or reduction of the 
                remainder may

[[Page 129 STAT. 1461]]

                be made only if a refund of a proportional amount of the 
                grant of the Federal Government is made at the same 
                time.
                    (E) Failure to carry out project.--If an applicant 
                does not carry out an eligible project for reasons 
                within the control of the applicant, the applicant shall 
                repay all Federal funds awarded for the eligible project 
                from all Federal funding sources, for all eligible 
                project activities, facilities, and equipment, plus 
                reasonable interest and penalty charges allowable by 
                law.
                    (F) Crediting of funds received.--Any funds received 
                by the Federal Government under this paragraph, other 
                than interest and penalty charges, shall be credited to 
                the appropriation account from which the funds were 
                originally derived.
            (10) Availability of amounts.--
                    (A) In general.--An amount made available for an 
                eligible project shall remain available to that eligible 
                project for 4 fiscal years, including the fiscal year in 
                which the amount is made available. Any amounts that are 
                unobligated to the eligible project at the end of the 4-
                fiscal-year period may be used by the Secretary for any 
                purpose under this subsection.
                    (B) Use of deobligated amounts.--An amount available 
                under this subsection that is deobligated may be used 
                for any purpose under this subsection.
            (11) Annual report on expedited project delivery for capital 
        investment grants.--Not later than the first Monday in February 
        of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
        and Infrastructure and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives a report that includes a proposed 
        amount to be available to finance grants for anticipated 
        projects under this subsection.
            (12) Before and after study and report.--
                    (A) Study required.--Each recipient shall conduct a 
                study that--
                          (i) describes and analyzes the impacts of the 
                      eligible project on public transportation services 
                      and public transportation ridership;
                          (ii) describes and analyzes the consistency of 
                      predicted and actual benefits and costs of the 
                      innovative project development and delivery 
                      methods or innovative financing for the eligible 
                      project; and
                          (iii) identifies reasons for any differences 
                      between predicted and actual outcomes for the 
                      eligible project.
                    (B) Submission of report.--Not later than 2 years 
                after an eligible project that is selected under this 
                subsection begins revenue operations, the recipient 
                shall submit to the Secretary a report on the results of 
                the study conducted under subparagraph (A).
            (13) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed to--
                    (A) require the privatization of the operation or 
                maintenance of any project for which an applicant seeks 
                funding under this subsection;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1462]]

                    (B) revise the determinations by local policies, 
                criteria, and decisionmaking under section 5306(a) of 
                title 49, United States Code;
                    (C) alter the requirements for locally developed, 
                coordinated, and implemented transportation plans under 
                sections 5303 and 5304 of title 49, United States Code; 
                or
                    (D) alter the eligibilities or priorities for 
                assistance under this subsection or section 5309 of 
                title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 3006. ENHANCED MOBILITY OF SENIORS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH 
                          DISABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 5310 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) Recipient.--The term `recipient' means--
                    ``(A) a designated recipient or a State that 
                receives a grant under this section directly; or
                    ``(B) a State or local governmental entity that 
                operates a public transportation service.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(i) Best Practices.--The Secretary shall collect from, review, and 
disseminate to public transportation agencies--
            ``(1) innovative practices;
            ``(2) program models;
            ``(3) new service delivery options;
            ``(4) findings from activities under subsection (h); and
            ``(5) transit cooperative research program reports.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 5310 note.>> Pilot Program for Innovative 
Coordinated Access and Mobility.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    (A) the term ``eligible project'' has the meaning 
                given the term ``capital project'' in section 5302 of 
                title 49, United States Code; and
                    (B) the term ``eligible recipient'' means a 
                recipient or subrecipient, as those terms are defined in 
                section 5310 of title 49, United States Code.
            (2) General authority.--The Secretary may make grants under 
        this subsection to eligible recipients to assist in financing 
        innovative projects for the transportation disadvantaged that 
        improve the coordination of transportation services and 
        nonemergency medical transportation services, including--
                    (A) the deployment of coordination technology;
                    (B) projects that create or increase access to 
                community One-Call/One-Click Centers; and
                    (C) such other projects as determined appropriate by 
                the Secretary.
            (3) Application.--An eligible recipient shall submit to the 
        Secretary an application that, at a minimum, contains--
                    (A) a detailed description of the eligible project;
                    (B) an identification of all eligible project 
                partners and their specific role in the eligible 
                project, including--
                          (i) private entities engaged in the 
                      coordination of nonemergency medical 
                      transportation services for the transportation 
                      disadvantaged; or

[[Page 129 STAT. 1463]]

                          (ii) nonprofit entities engaged in the 
                      coordination of nonemergency medical 
                      transportation services for the transportation 
                      disadvantaged;
                    (C) a description of how the eligible project 
                would--
                          (i) improve local coordination or access to 
                      coordinated transportation services;
                          (ii) reduce duplication of service, if 
                      applicable; and
                          (iii) provide innovative solutions in the 
                      State or community; and
                    (D) specific performance measures the eligible 
                project will use to quantify actual outcomes against 
                expected outcomes.
            (4) Report.--The Secretary shall make publicly available an 
        annual report on the pilot program carried out under this 
        subsection for each fiscal year, not later than December 31 of 
        the calendar year in which that fiscal year ends. The report 
        shall include a detailed description of the activities carried 
        out under the pilot program, and an evaluation of the program, 
        including an evaluation of the performance measures described in 
        paragraph (3)(D).
            (5) Government share of costs.--
                    (A) In general.--The Government share of the cost of 
                an eligible project carried out under this subsection 
                shall not exceed 80 percent.
                    (B) Non-government share.--The non-Government share 
                of the cost of an eligible project carried out under 
                this subsection may be derived from in-kind 
                contributions.
            (6) Rule of construction.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        nonemergency medical transportation services shall be limited to 
        services eligible under Federal programs other than programs 
        authorized under chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code.

    (c) Coordinated Mobility.--
            (1) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    (A) Allocated cost model.--The term ``allocated cost 
                model'' means a method of determining the cost of trips 
                by allocating the cost to each trip purpose served by a 
                transportation provider in a manner that is proportional 
                to the level of transportation service that the 
                transportation provider delivers for each trip purpose, 
                to the extent permitted by applicable Federal laws.
                    (B) Council.--The term ``Council'' means the 
                Interagency Transportation Coordinating Council on 
                Access and Mobility established under Executive Order 
                No. 13330 (49 U.S.C. 101 note).
            (2) Strategic plan.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Council shall publish a strategic 
        plan for the Council that--
                    (A) outlines the role and responsibilities of each 
                Federal agency with respect to local transportation 
                coordination, including nonemergency medical 
                transportation;
                    (B) identifies a strategy to strengthen interagency 
                collaboration;
                    (C) addresses any outstanding recommendations made 
                by the Council in the 2005 Report to the President 
                relating

[[Page 129 STAT. 1464]]

                to the implementation of Executive Order No. 13330, 
                including--
                          (i) a cost-sharing policy endorsed by the 
                      Council; and
                          (ii) recommendations to increase participation 
                      by recipients of Federal grants in locally 
                      developed, coordinated planning processes;
                    (D) to the extent feasible, addresses 
                recommendations by the Comptroller General concerning 
                local coordination of transportation services;
                    (E) examines and proposes changes to Federal 
                regulations that will eliminate Federal barriers to 
                local transportation coordination, including non-
                emergency medical transportation; and
                    (F) recommends to Congress changes to Federal laws, 
                including chapter 7 of title 42, United States Code, 
                that will eliminate Federal barriers to local 
                transportation coordination, including nonemergency 
                medical transportation.
            (3) Development of cost-sharing policy in compliance with 
        applicable federal laws.--In establishing the cost-sharing 
        policy required under paragraph (2), the Council may consider, 
        to the extent practicable--
                    (A) the development of recommended strategies for 
                grantees of programs funded by members of the Council, 
                including strategies for grantees of programs that fund 
                nonemergency medical transportation, to use the cost-
                sharing policy in a manner that does not violate 
                applicable Federal laws; and
                    (B) incorporation of an allocated cost model to 
                facilitate local coordination efforts that comply with 
                applicable requirements of programs funded by members of 
                the Council, such as--
                          (i) eligibility requirements;
                          (ii) service delivery requirements; and
                          (iii) reimbursement requirements.
            (4) Report.--The Council shall, concurrently with submission 
        to the President of a report containing final recommendations of 
        the Council, transmit such report to the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
        Affairs of the Senate.
SEC. 3007. FORMULA GRANTS FOR RURAL AREAS.

    (a) In General.--Section 5311 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking subparagraphs (A) and 
        (B) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) $5,000,000 for each fiscal year shall be 
                distributed on a competitive basis by the Secretary.
                    ``(B) $30,000,000 for each fiscal year shall be 
                apportioned as formula grants, as provided in subsection 
                (j).'';
            (2) in subsection (g)(3)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) 
                as subparagraphs (C) through (F), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before subparagraph (C) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1465]]

                    ``(A) may be provided in cash from non-Government 
                sources;
                    ``(B) may be provided from revenues from the sale of 
                advertising and concessions;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated) by 
                inserting ``, including all operating and capital costs 
                of such service whether or not offset by revenue from 
                such service,'' after ``the costs of a private operator 
                for the unsubsidized segment of intercity bus service''; 
                and
            (3) in subsection (j)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(iii), by striking ``(as 
                defined by the Bureau of the Census)'' and inserting 
                ``(American Indian Areas, Alaska Native Areas, and 
                Hawaiian Home Lands, as defined by the Bureau of the 
                Census)''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) Allocation between multiple indian tribes.--If 
                more than 1 Indian tribe provides public transportation 
                service on tribal lands in a single Tribal Statistical 
                Area, and the Indian tribes do not determine how to 
                allocate the funds apportioned under clause (iii) of 
                subparagraph (A) between the Indian tribes, the 
                Secretary shall allocate the funds so that each Indian 
                tribe shall receive an amount equal to the total amount 
                apportioned under such clause (iii) multiplied by the 
                ratio of the number of annual unlinked passenger trips 
                provided by each Indian tribe, as reported to the 
                National Transit Database, to the total unlinked 
                passenger trips provided by all Indian tribes in the 
                Tribal Statistical Area.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5311 of such title is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b) by striking ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and 
        inserting ``5338(a)(2)(F)'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and 
                inserting ``5338(a)(2)(F)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking 
                ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and inserting ``5338(a)(2)(F)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking 
                ``5338(a)(2)(E)'' and inserting ``5338(a)(2)(F)''.
SEC. 3008. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION INNOVATION.

    (a) Consolidation of Programs.--Section 5312 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking the section designation and heading and 
        inserting the following:
``Sec. 5312. Public transportation innovation'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (a) through (f) as 
        subsections (b) through (g), respectively;
            (3) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall provide assistance for 
projects and activities to advance innovative public transportation 
research and development in accordance with the requirements of this 
section.'';
            (4) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1466]]

                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by inserting ``demonstration, deployment, or 
                      evaluation'' before ``project that'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'' 
                      at the end;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) the deployment of low or no emission vehicles, 
                zero emission vehicles, or associated advanced 
                technology.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(5) Prohibition.--The Secretary may not make grants under 
        this subsection for the demonstration, deployment, or evaluation 
        of a vehicle that is in revenue service unless the Secretary 
        determines that the project makes significant technological 
        advancements in the vehicle.
            ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `direct carbon emissions' means the 
                quantity of direct greenhouse gas emissions from a 
                vehicle, as determined by the Administrator of the 
                Environmental Protection Agency;
                    ``(B) the term `low or no emission vehicle' means--
                          ``(i) a passenger vehicle used to provide 
                      public transportation that the Secretary 
                      determines sufficiently reduces energy consumption 
                      or harmful emissions, including direct carbon 
                      emissions, when compared to a comparable standard 
                      vehicle; or
                          ``(ii) a zero emission vehicle used to provide 
                      public transportation; and
                    ``(C) the term `zero emission vehicle' means a low 
                or no emission vehicle that produces no carbon or 
                particulate matter.'';
            (5) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(h) Low or No Emission Vehicle Component Assessment.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `covered institution of higher 
                education' means an institution of higher education with 
                which the Secretary enters into a contract or 
                cooperative agreement, or to which the Secretary makes a 
                grant, under paragraph (2)(B) to operate a facility 
                selected under paragraph (2)(A);
                    ``(B) the terms `direct carbon emissions' and `low 
                or no emission vehicle' have the meanings given those 
                terms in subsection (e)(6);
                    ``(C) the term `institution of higher education' has 
                the meaning given the term in section 102 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002); and
                    ``(D) the term `low or no emission vehicle 
                component' means an item that is separately installed in 
                and removable from a low or no emission vehicle.
            ``(2) Assessing low or no emission vehicle components.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall competitively 
                select at least one facility to conduct testing, 
                evaluation,

[[Page 129 STAT. 1467]]

                and analysis of low or no emission vehicle components 
                intended for use in low or no emission vehicles.
                    ``(B) Operation and maintenance.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall enter 
                      into a contract or cooperative agreement with, or 
                      make a grant to, at least one institution of 
                      higher education to operate and maintain a 
                      facility selected under subparagraph (A).
                          ``(ii) Requirements.--An institution of higher 
                      education described in clause (i) shall have--
                                    ``(I) capacity to carry out 
                                transportation-related advanced 
                                component and vehicle evaluation;
                                    ``(II) laboratories capable of 
                                testing and evaluation; and
                                    ``(III) direct access to or a 
                                partnership with a testing facility 
                                capable of emulating real-world 
                                circumstances in order to test low or no 
                                emission vehicle components installed on 
                                the intended vehicle.
                    ``(C) Fees.--A covered institution of higher 
                education shall establish and collect fees, which shall 
                be approved by the Secretary, for the assessment of low 
                or no emission vehicle components at the applicable 
                facility selected under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(D) Availability of amounts to pay for 
                assessment.--The Secretary shall enter into a contract 
                or cooperative agreement with, or make a grant to an 
                institution of higher education under which--
                          ``(i) the Secretary shall pay 50 percent of 
                      the cost of assessing a low or no emission vehicle 
                      component at the applicable facility selected 
                      under subparagraph (A) from amounts made available 
                      to carry out this section; and
                          ``(ii) the remaining 50 percent of such cost 
                      shall be paid from amounts recovered through the 
                      fees established and collected pursuant to 
                      subparagraph (C).
                    ``(E) Voluntary testing.--A manufacturer of a low or 
                no emission vehicle component is not required to assess 
                the low or no emission vehicle component at a facility 
                selected under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(F) Compliance with section 5318.--Notwithstanding 
                whether a low or no emission vehicle component is 
                assessed at a facility selected under subparagraph (A), 
                each new bus model shall comply with the requirements 
                under section 5318.
                    ``(G) Separate facility.--A facility selected under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be separate and distinct from the 
                facility operated and maintained under section 5318.
            ``(3) Low or no emission vehicle component performance 
        reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
        the Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015, and annually 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall issue a report on low or no 
        emission vehicle component assessments conducted at each 
        facility selected under paragraph (2)(A), which shall include 
        information related to the maintainability, reliability,

[[Page 129 STAT. 1468]]

        performance, structural integrity, efficiency, and noise of 
        those low or no emission vehicle components.
            ``(4) Public availability of assessments.--Each assessment 
        conducted at a facility selected under paragraph (2)(A) shall be 
        made publicly available, including to affected industries.
            ``(5) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection 
        shall be construed to require--
                    ``(A) a low or no emission vehicle component to be 
                tested at a facility selected under paragraph (2)(A); or
                    ``(B) the development or disclosure of a privately 
                funded component assessment.''.
            (6) in subsection (f) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) by striking ``(f)'' and all that follows before 
                paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

    ``(g) Annual Report on Research.--Not later than the first Monday in 
February of each year, the Secretary shall make available to the public 
on the Web site of the Department of Transportation, a report that 
includes--''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1) by adding ``and'' at the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (2) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a period; and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(i) Transit Cooperative Research Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The amounts made available under section 
        5338(a)(2)(G)(ii) are available for a public transportation 
        cooperative research program.
            ``(2) Independent governing board.--
                    ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
                an independent governing board for the program under 
                this subsection.
                    ``(B) Recommendations.--The board shall recommend 
                public transportation research, development, and 
                technology transfer activities the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            ``(3) Federal assistance.--The Secretary may make grants to, 
        and enter into cooperative agreements with, the National Academy 
        of Sciences to carry out activities under this subsection that 
        the Secretary considers appropriate.
            ``(4) Government share of costs.--If there would be a clear 
        and direct financial benefit to an entity under a grant or 
        contract financed under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        establish a Government share consistent with that benefit.
            ``(5) Limitation on applicability.--Subsections (f) and (g) 
        shall not apply to activities carried out under this 
        subsection.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5312 of such title (as amended 
by subsection (a) of this section) is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection 
                (a)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(2)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``subsection 
                (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)'';

[[Page 129 STAT. 1469]]

            (3) in subsection (e)(2) in each of subparagraphs (A) and 
        (B) by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (b)(2)''; and
            (4) in subsection (f)(2) by striking ``subsection (d)(4)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (e)(4)''.

    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of such 
title <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 5301.>> is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 5312 and inserting the following:

``5312. Public transportation innovation.''.

SEC. 3009. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 5314 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 5314. Technical assistance and workforce development

    ``(a) Technical Assistance and Standards.--
            ``(1) Technical assistance and standards development.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may make grants and 
                enter into contracts, cooperative agreements, and other 
                agreements (including agreements with departments, 
                agencies, and instrumentalities of the Government) to 
                carry out activities that the Secretary determines will 
                assist recipients of assistance under this chapter to--
                          ``(i) more effectively and efficiently provide 
                      public transportation service;
                          ``(ii) administer funds received under this 
                      chapter in compliance with Federal law; and
                          ``(iii) improve public transportation.
                    ``(B) Eligible activities.--The activities carried 
                out under subparagraph (A) may include--
                          ``(i) technical assistance; and
                          ``(ii) the development of voluntary and 
                      consensus-based standards and best practices by 
                      the public transportation industry, including 
                      standards and best practices for safety, fare 
                      collection, intelligent transportation systems, 
                      accessibility, procurement, security, asset 
                      management to maintain a state of good repair, 
                      operations, maintenance, vehicle propulsion, 
                      communications, and vehicle electronics.
            ``(2) Technical assistance.--The Secretary, through a 
        competitive bid process, may enter into contracts, cooperative 
        agreements, and other agreements with national nonprofit 
        organizations that have the appropriate demonstrated capacity to 
        provide public-transportation-related technical assistance under 
        this subsection. The Secretary may enter into such contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, and other agreements to assist providers 
        of public transportation to--
                    ``(A) comply with the Americans with Disabilities 
                Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) through technical 
                assistance, demonstration programs, research, public 
                education, and other activities related to complying 
                with such Act;
                    ``(B) comply with human services transportation 
                coordination requirements and to enhance the 
                coordination of Federal resources for human services 
                transportation with

[[Page 129 STAT. 1470]]

                those of the Department of Transportation through 
                technical assistance, training, and support services 
                related to complying with such requirements;
                    ``(C) meet the transportation needs of elderly 
                individuals;
                    ``(D) increase transit ridership in coordination 
                with metropolitan planning organizations and other 
                entities through development around public 
                transportation stations through technical assistance and 
                the development of tools, guidance, and analysis related 
                to market-based development around transit stations;
                    ``(E) address transportation equity with regard to 
                the effect that transportation planning, investment, and 
                operations have for low-income and minority individuals;
                    ``(F) facilitate best practices to promote bus 
                driver safety;
                    ``(G) meet the requirements of sections 5323(j) and 
                5323(m);
                    ``(H) assist with the development and deployment of 
                low or no emission vehicles (as defined in section 
                5339(c)(1)) or low or no emission vehicle components (as 
                defined in section 5312(h)(1)); and
                    ``(I) any other technical assistance activity that 
                the Secretary determines is necessary to advance the 
                interests of public transportation.
            ``(3) Annual report on technical assistance.--Not later than 
        the first Monday in February of each year, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 
        and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, the Committee on 
        Science, Space, and Technology, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives a report that 
        includes--
                    ``(A) a description of each project that received 
                assistance under this subsection during the preceding 
                fiscal year;
                    ``(B) an evaluation of the activities carried out by 
                each organization that received assistance under this 
                subsection during the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(C) a proposal for allocations of amounts for 
                assistance under this subsection for the subsequent 
                fiscal year; and
                    ``(D) measurable outcomes and impacts of the 
                programs funded under subsections (b) and (c).
            ``(4) Government share of costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Government share of the cost 
                of an activity carried out using a grant under this 
                subsection may not exceed 80 percent.
                    ``(B) Non-government share.--The non-Government 
                share of the cost of an activity carried out using a 
                grant under this subsection may be derived from in-kind 
                contributions.

    ``(b) Human Resources and Training.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may undertake, or make 
        grants and contracts for, programs that address human resource 
        needs as they apply to public transportation activities. A 
        program may include--
                    ``(A) an employment training program;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1471]]

                    ``(B) an outreach program to increase employment for 
                veterans, females, individuals with a disability, 
                minorities (including American Indians or Alaska 
                Natives, Asian, Black or African Americans, native 
                Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics) in 
                public transportation activities;
                    ``(C) research on public transportation personnel 
                and training needs;
                    ``(D) training and assistance for veteran and 
                minority business opportunities; and
                    ``(E) consensus-based national training standards 
                and certifications in partnership with industry 
                stakeholders.
            ``(2) Innovative public transportation frontline workforce 
        development program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                competitive grant program to assist the development of 
                innovative activities eligible for assistance under 
                paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Eligible programs.--A program eligible for 
                assistance under paragraph (1) shall--
                          ``(i) develop apprenticeships, on-the-job 
                      training, and instructional training for public 
                      transportation maintenance and operations 
                      occupations;
                          ``(ii) build local, regional, and statewide 
                      public transportation training partnerships with 
                      local public transportation operators, labor union 
                      organizations, workforce development boards, and 
                      State workforce agencies to identify and address 
                      workforce skill gaps;
                          ``(iii) improve safety, security, and 
                      emergency preparedness in local public 
                      transportation systems through improved safety 
                      culture and workforce communication with first 
                      responders and the riding public; and
                          ``(iv) address current or projected workforce 
                      shortages by developing partnerships with high 
                      schools, community colleges, and other community 
                      organizations.
                    ``(C) Selection of recipients.--To the maximum 
                extent feasible, the Secretary shall select recipients 
                that--
                          ``(i) are geographically diverse;
                          ``(ii) address the workforce and human 
                      resources needs of large public transportation 
                      providers;
                          ``(iii) address the workforce and human 
                      resources needs of small public transportation 
                      providers;
                          ``(iv) address the workforce and human 
                      resources needs of urban public transportation 
                      providers;
                          ``(v) address the workforce and human 
                      resources needs of rural public transportation 
                      providers;
                          ``(vi) advance training related to maintenance 
                      of low or no emission vehicles and facilities used 
                      in public transportation;
                          ``(vii) target areas with high rates of 
                      unemployment;
                          ``(viii) advance opportunities for minorities, 
                      women, veterans, individuals with disabilities, 
                      low-income populations, and other underserved 
                      populations; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1472]]

                          ``(ix) address in-demand industry sector or 
                      occupation, as such term is defined in section 3 
                      of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act 
                      (29 U.S.C. 3102).
                    ``(D) Program outcomes.--A recipient of assistance 
                under this subsection shall demonstrate outcomes for any 
                program that includes skills training, on-the-job 
                training, and work-based learning, including--
                          ``(i) the impact on reducing public 
                      transportation workforce shortages in the area 
                      served;
                          ``(ii) the diversity of training participants;
                          ``(iii) the number of participants obtaining 
                      certifications or credentials required for 
                      specific types of employment;
                          ``(iv) employment outcomes, including job 
                      placement, job retention, and wages, using 
                      performance metrics established in consultation 
                      with the Secretary and the Secretary of Labor and 
                      consistent with metrics used by programs under the 
                      Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 
                      U.S.C. 3101 et seq.); and
                          ``(v) to the extent practical, evidence that 
                      the program did not preclude workers who are 
                      participating in skills training, on-the-job 
                      training, and work-based learning from being 
                      referred to, or hired on, projects funded under 
                      this chapter without regard to the length of time 
                      of their participation in the program.
                    ``(E) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall make 
                publicly available a report on the Frontline Workforce 
                Development Program for each fiscal year, not later than 
                December 31 of the calendar year in which that fiscal 
                year ends. The report shall include a detailed 
                description of activities carried out under this 
                paragraph, an evaluation of the program, and policy 
                recommendations to improve program effectiveness.
            ``(3) Government's share of costs.--The Government share of 
        the cost of a project carried out using a grant under paragraph 
        (1) or (2) shall be 50 percent.
            ``(4) Availability of amounts.--Not more than 0.5 percent of 
        amounts made available to a recipient under sections 5307, 5337, 
        and 5339 is available for expenditures by the recipient, with 
        the approval of the Secretary, to pay not more than 80 percent 
        of the cost of eligible activities under this subsection.

    ``(c) National Transit Institute.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        national transit institute and award grants to a public 4-year 
        degree-granting institution of higher education, as defined in 
        section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1001(a)), in order to carry out the duties of the institute.
            ``(2) Duties.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In cooperation with the Federal 
                Transit Administration, State transportation 
                departments, public transportation authorities, and 
                national and international entities, the institute 
                established under paragraph (1) shall develop and 
                conduct training and educational programs for Federal, 
                State, and local transportation employees, United States 
                citizens, and foreign nationals

[[Page 129 STAT. 1473]]

                engaged or to be engaged in Government-aid public 
                transportation work.
                    ``(B) Training and educational programs.--The 
                training and educational programs developed under 
                subparagraph (A) may include courses in recent 
                developments, techniques, and procedures related to--
                          ``(i) intermodal and public transportation 
                      planning;
                          ``(ii) management;
                          ``(iii) environmental factors;
                          ``(iv) acquisition and joint use rights-of-
                      way;
                          ``(v) engineering and architectural design;
                          ``(vi) procurement strategies for public 
                      transportation systems;
                          ``(vii) turnkey approaches to delivering 
                      public transportation systems;
                          ``(viii) new technologies;
                          ``(ix) emission reduction technologies;
                          ``(x) ways to make public transportation 
                      accessible to individuals with disabilities;
                          ``(xi) construction, construction management, 
                      insurance, and risk management;
                          ``(xii) maintenance;
                          ``(xiii) contract administration;
                          ``(xiv) inspection;
                          ``(xv) innovative finance;
                          ``(xvi) workplace safety; and
                          ``(xvii) public transportation security.
            ``(3) Provision for education and training.--Education and 
        training of Government, State, and local transportation 
        employees under this subsection shall be provided--
                    ``(A) by the Secretary at no cost to the States and 
                local governments for subjects that are a Government 
                program responsibility; or
                    ``(B) when the education and training are paid under 
                paragraph (4), by the State, with the approval of the 
                Secretary, through grants and contracts with public and 
                private agencies, other institutions, individuals, and 
                the institute.
            ``(4) Availability of amounts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not more than 0.5 percent of 
                amounts made available to a recipient under sections 
                5307, 5337, and 5339 is available for expenditures by 
                the recipient, with the approval of the Secretary, to 
                pay not more than 80 percent of the cost of eligible 
                activities under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Existing programs.--A recipient may use 
                amounts made available under subparagraph (A) to carry 
                out existing local education and training programs for 
                public transportation employees supported by the 
                Secretary, the Department of Labor, or the Department of 
                Education.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 of such 
title <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 5301.>> is amended by striking the item 
relating to section 5314 and inserting the following:

``5314. Technical assistance and workforce development.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1474]]

SEC. 3010. PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 5315 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to alter--
            ``(1) the eligibilities, requirements, or priorities for 
        assistance provided under this chapter; or
            ``(2) the requirements of section 5306(a).''.

    (b) MAP-21 Technical Correction.--Section 20013(d) of MAP-21 (Public 
Law 112-141; 126 Stat. 694) <<NOTE: 49 USC 5303 note.>> is amended by 
striking ``5307(c)'' and inserting ``5307(b)''.
SEC. 3011. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Section 5323 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) pay incremental costs of incorporating art or non-
        functional landscaping into facilities, including the costs of 
        an artist on the design team; or'';
            (2) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (C) 
                and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) when procuring rolling stock (including train 
                control, communication, traction power equipment, and 
                rolling stock prototypes) under this chapter--
                          ``(i) the cost of components and subcomponents 
                      produced in the United States--
                                    ``(I) for fiscal years 2016 and 
                                2017, is more than 60 percent of the 
                                cost of all components of the rolling 
                                stock;
                                    ``(II) for fiscal years 2018 and 
                                2019, is more than 65 percent of the 
                                cost of all components of the rolling 
                                stock; and
                                    ``(III) for fiscal year 2020 and 
                                each fiscal year thereafter, is more 
                                than 70 percent of the cost of all 
                                components of the rolling stock; and
                          ``(ii) final assembly of the rolling stock has 
                      occurred in the United States; or'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (9) as 
                paragraphs (7) through (11), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
            ``(5) Rolling stock frames or car shells.--In carrying out 
        paragraph (2)(C) in the case of a rolling stock procurement 
        receiving assistance under this chapter in which the average 
        cost of a rolling stock vehicle in the procurement is more than 
        $300,000, if rolling stock frames or car shells are not produced 
        in the United States, the Secretary shall include in the 
        calculation of the domestic content of the rolling stock the 
        cost of steel or iron that is produced in the United States and 
        used in the rolling stock frames or car shells.
            ``(6) Certification of domestic supply and disclosure.--
                    ``(A) Certification of domestic supply.--If the 
                Secretary denies an application for a waiver under 
                paragraph

[[Page 129 STAT. 1475]]

                (2), the Secretary shall provide to the applicant a 
                written certification that--
                          ``(i) the steel, iron, or manufactured goods, 
                      as applicable, (referred to in this subparagraph 
                      as the `item') is produced in the United States in 
                      a sufficient and reasonably available amount;
                          ``(ii) the item produced in the United States 
                      is of a satisfactory quality; and
                          ``(iii) includes a list of known manufacturers 
                      in the United States from which the item can be 
                      obtained.
                    ``(B) Disclosure.--The Secretary shall disclose the 
                waiver denial and the written certification to the 
                public in an easily identifiable location on the website 
                of the Department of Transportation.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (8), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``Federal Public Transportation Act of 2012'' 
                and inserting ``Federal Public Transportation Act of 
                2015''; and
                    (E) by inserting after paragraph (11), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
            ``(12) Steel and iron.--For purposes of this subsection, 
        steel and iron meeting the requirements of section 661.5(b) of 
        title 49, Code of Federal Regulations may be considered produced 
        in the United States.
            ``(13) Definition of small purchase.--For purposes of 
        determining whether a purchase qualifies for a general public 
        interest waiver under paragraph (2)(A) of this subsection, 
        including under any regulation promulgated under that paragraph, 
        the term `small purchase' means a purchase of not more than 
        $150,000.'';
            (3) in subsection (q)(1), by striking the second sentence; 
        and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(s) Value Capture Revenue Eligible for Local Share.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a recipient of assistance 
under this chapter may use the revenue generated from value capture 
financing mechanisms as local matching funds for capital projects and 
operating costs eligible under this chapter.
    ``(t) Special Condition on Charter Bus Transportation Service.--If, 
in a fiscal year, the Secretary is prohibited by law from enforcing 
regulations related to charter bus service under part 604 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, for any transit agency that during fiscal 
year 2008 was both initially granted a 60-day period to come into 
compliance with such part 604, and then was subsequently granted an 
exception from such part--
            ``(1) the transit agency shall be precluded from receiving 
        its allocation of urbanized area formula grant funds for such 
        fiscal year; and
            ``(2) any amounts withheld pursuant to paragraph (1) shall 
        be added to the amount that the Secretary may apportion under 
        section 5336 in the following fiscal year.''.
SEC. 3012. PROJECT MANAGEMENT OVERSIGHT.

    Section 5327 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c) by striking ``section 5338(i)'' and 
        inserting section ``5338(f)'' ; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1476]]

                          (i) by striking ``section 5338(i)'' and 
                      inserting section 5338(f); and
                          (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) a requirement that oversight--
                    ``(A) begin during the project development phase of 
                a project, unless the Secretary finds it more 
                appropriate to begin the oversight during another phase 
                of the project, to maximize the transportation benefits 
                and cost savings associated with project management 
                oversight; and
                    ``(B) be limited to quarterly reviews of compliance 
                by the recipient with the project management plan 
                approved under subsection (b) unless the Secretary finds 
                that the recipient requires more frequent oversight 
                because the recipient has failed to meet the 
                requirements of such plan and the project may be at risk 
                of going over budget or becoming behind schedule; and
            ``(3) a process for recipients that the Secretary has found 
        require more frequent oversight to return to quarterly reviews 
        for purposes of paragraph (2)(B).''.
SEC. 3013. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY PROGRAM.

    Section 5329 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (E); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                    ``(D) minimum safety standards to ensure the safe 
                operation of public transportation systems that--
                          ``(i) are not related to performance standards 
                      for public transportation vehicles developed under 
                      subparagraph (C); and
                          ``(ii) to the extent practicable, take into 
                      consideration--
                                    ``(I) relevant recommendations of 
                                the National Transportation Safety 
                                Board;
                                    ``(II) best practices standards 
                                developed by the public transportation 
                                industry;
                                    ``(III) any minimum safety standards 
                                or performance criteria being 
                                implemented across the public 
                                transportation industry;
                                    ``(IV) relevant recommendations from 
                                the report under section 3020 of the 
                                Federal Public Transportation Act of 
                                2015; and
                                    ``(V) any additional information 
                                that the Secretary determines necessary 
                                and appropriate; and'';
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (8) and (9) as 
                paragraphs (9) and (10), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
            ``(8) Federal safety management.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary determines that 
                a State safety oversight program is not being carried 
                out in accordance with this section, has become 
                inadequate

[[Page 129 STAT. 1477]]

                to ensure the enforcement of Federal safety regulation, 
                or is incapable of providing adequate safety oversight 
                consistent with the prevention of substantial risk of 
                death, or personal injury, the Secretary shall 
                administer the State safety oversight program until the 
                eligible State develops a State safety oversight program 
                certified by the Secretary in accordance with this 
                subsection.
                    ``(B) Temporary federal oversight.--In making a 
                determination under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                shall--
                          ``(i) transmit to the eligible State and 
                      affected recipient or recipients, a written 
                      explanation of the determination or subsequent 
                      finding, including any intention to withhold 
                      funding under this section, the amount of funds 
                      proposed to be withheld, and if applicable, a 
                      formal notice of a withdrawal of State safety 
                      oversight program approval; and
                          ``(ii) require the State to submit a State 
                      safety oversight program or modification for 
                      certification by the Secretary that meets the 
                      requirements of this subsection.
                    ``(C) Failure to correct.--If the Secretary 
                determines in accordance with subparagraph (A), that a 
                State safety oversight program or modification required 
                pursuant to subparagraph (B)(ii), submitted by a State 
                is not sufficient, the Secretary may--
                          ``(i) withhold funds available under paragraph 
                      (6) in an amount determined by the Secretary;
                          ``(ii) beginning 1 year after the date of the 
                      determination, withhold not more than 5 percent of 
                      the amount required to be appropriated for use in 
                      a State or an urbanized area in the State under 
                      section 5307, until the State safety oversight 
                      program or modification has been certified; and
                          ``(iii) use any other authorities authorized 
                      under this chapter considered necessary and 
                      appropriate.
                    ``(D) Administrative and oversight activities.--To 
                carry out administrative and oversight activities 
                authorized by this paragraph, the Secretary may use 
                grant funds apportioned to an eligible State, under 
                paragraph (6), to develop or carry out a State safety 
                oversight program.'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(2), by inserting ``or the public 
        transportation industry generally'' after ``recipients'';
            (4) in subsection (g)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
                striking ``an eligible State, as defined in subsection 
                (e),'' and inserting ``a recipient'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (D) by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) withholding not more than 25 percent of 
                financial assistance under section 5307.'';
            (5) in subsection (g)(2)(A)--
                    (A) by inserting after ``funds'' the following: ``or 
                withhold funds''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1478]]

                    (B) by inserting ``or (1)(E)'' after ``paragraph 
                (1)(D)''; and
            (6) by striking subsection (h) and inserting the following:

    ``(h) Restrictions and Prohibitions.--
            ``(1) Restrictions and prohibitions.--The Secretary shall 
        issue restrictions and prohibitions by whatever means are 
        determined necessary and appropriate, without regard to section 
        5334(c), if, through testing, inspection, investigation, audit, 
        or research carried out under this chapter, the Secretary 
        determines that an unsafe condition or practice, or a 
        combination of unsafe conditions and practices, exist such that 
        there is a substantial risk of death or personal injury.
            ``(2) Notice.--The notice of restriction or prohibition 
        shall describe the condition or practice, the subsequent risk 
        and the standards and procedures required to address the 
        restriction or prohibition.
            ``(3) Continued authority.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        be construed as limiting the Secretary's authority to maintain a 
        restriction or prohibition for as long as is necessary to ensure 
        that the risk has been substantially addressed.''.
SEC. 3014. APPORTIONMENTS.

    Section 5336 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
        by striking ``subsection (h)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (h)(5)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)(E) by striking ``22.27 percent'' 
        and inserting ``27 percent''; and
            (3) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) $30,000,000 shall be set aside each fiscal year to 
        carry out section 5307(h);''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(3) of amounts not apportioned under paragraphs (1) and 
        (2)--
                    ``(A) for fiscal years 2016 through 2018, 1.5 
                percent shall be apportioned to urbanized areas with 
                populations of less than 200,000 in accordance with 
                subsection (i); and
                    ``(B) for fiscal years 2019 and 2020, 2 percent 
                shall be apportioned to urbanized areas with populations 
                of less than 200,000 in accordance with subsection 
                (i);''.
SEC. 3015. STATE OF GOOD REPAIR GRANTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 5337 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2)(B), by inserting ``the provisions 
        of'' before ``section 5336(b)(1)'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``vehicle'' after 
                ``motorbus''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Use of funds.--Amounts apportioned under this 
        subsection may be used for any project that is an eligible 
        project under subsection (b)(1).''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1479]]

    ``(e) Government Share of Costs.--
            ``(1) Capital projects.--A grant for a capital project under 
        this section shall be for 80 percent of the net project cost of 
        the project. The recipient may provide additional local matching 
        amounts.
            ``(2) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net project 
        cost shall be provided--
                    ``(A) in cash from non-Government sources;
                    ``(B) from revenues derived from the sale of 
                advertising and concessions; or
                    ``(C) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve, or new 
                capital.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 5337 of such title is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1) by striking ``5338(a)(2)(I)'' and 
        inserting ``5338(a)(2)(K)''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(2) by striking ``5338(a)(2)(I)'' and 
        inserting ``5338(a)(2)(K)''.
SEC. 3016. AUTHORIZATIONS.

    Section 5338 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``SEC. 5338. AUTHORIZATIONS.

    ``(a) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--There shall be available from the Mass 
        Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund to carry out sections 
        5305, 5307, 5310, 5311, 5312, 5314, 5318, 5335, 5337, 5339, and 
        5340, section 20005(b) of the Federal Public Transportation Act 
        of 2012, and sections 3006(b) of the Federal Public 
        Transportation Act of 2015--
                    ``(A) $9,347,604,639 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(B) $9,534,706,043 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(C) $9,733,353,407 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(D) $9,939,380,030 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(E) $10,150,348,462 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(2) Allocation of funds.--Of the amounts made available 
        under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) $130,732,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $133,398,933 for fiscal year 2017, $136,200,310 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $139,087,757 for fiscal year 2019, and 
                $142,036,417 for fiscal year 2020, shall be available to 
                carry out section 5305;
                    ``(B) $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
                through 2020 shall be available to carry out section 
                20005(b) of the Federal Public Transportation Act of 
                2012;
                    ``(C) $4,538,905,700 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $4,629,683,814 for fiscal year 2017, $4,726,907,174 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $4,827,117,606 for fiscal year 2019, 
                and $4,929,452,499 for fiscal year 2020 shall be 
                allocated in accordance with section 5336 to provide 
                financial assistance for urbanized areas under section 
                5307;
                    ``(D) $262,949,400 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $268,208,388 for fiscal year 2017, $273,840,764 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $279,646,188 for fiscal year 2019, and 
                $285,574,688 for fiscal year 2020 shall be available to 
                provide financial assistance for services for the 
                enhanced mobility of seniors and individuals with 
                disabilities under section 5310;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1480]]

                    ``(E) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, $3,000,000 
                for fiscal year 2017, $3,250,000 for fiscal year 2018, 
                $3,500,000 for fiscal year 2019 and $3,500,000 for 
                fiscal year 2020 shall be available for the pilot 
                program for innovative coordinated access and mobility 
                under section 3006(b) of the Federal Public 
                Transportation Act of 2015;
                    ``(F) $619,956,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $632,355,120 for fiscal year 2017, $645,634,578 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $659,322,031 for fiscal year 2019, and 
                $673,299,658 for fiscal year 2020 shall be available to 
                provide financial assistance for rural areas under 
                section 5311, of which not less than--
                          ``(i) $35,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                      2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry out 
                      section 5311(c)(1); and
                          ``(ii) $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                      2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry out 
                      section 5311(c)(2);
                    ``(G) $28,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
                through 2020 shall be available to carry out section 
                5312, of which--
                          ``(i) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
                      through 2020 shall be available to carry out 
                      section 5312(h); and
                          ``(ii) $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                      2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry out 
                      section 5312(i);
                    ``(H) $9,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
                through 2020 shall be available to carry out section 
                5314; of which $5,000,000 shall be available for the 
                national transit institute under section 5314(c);
                    ``(I) $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
                through 2020 shall be available for bus testing under 
                section 5318;
                    ``(J) $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 
                through 2020 shall be available to carry out section 
                5335;
                    ``(K) $2,507,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $2,549,670,000 for fiscal year 2017, $2,593,703,558 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $2,638,366,859 for fiscal year 2019, 
                and $2,683,798,369 for fiscal year 2020 shall be 
                available to carry out section 5337;
                    ``(L) $427,800,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $436,356,000 for fiscal year 2017, $445,519,476 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $454,964,489 for fiscal year 2019, and 
                $464,609,736 for fiscal year 2020 shall be available for 
                the bus and buses facilities program under section 
                5339(a);
                    ``(M) $268,000,000 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $283,600,000 for fiscal year 2017, $301,514,000 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $322,059,980 for fiscal year 2019, and 
                $344,044,179 for fiscal year 2020 shall be available for 
                buses and bus facilities competitive grants under 
                section 5339(b) and no or low emission grants under 
                section 5339(c), of which $55,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                years 2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry out 
                section 5339(c); and
                    ``(N) $536,261,539 for fiscal year 2016, 
                $544,433,788 for fiscal year 2017, $552,783,547 for 
                fiscal year 2018, $561,315,120 for fiscal year 2019 and 
                $570,032,917 for

[[Page 129 STAT. 1481]]

                fiscal year 2020, to carry out section 5340 to provide 
                financial assistance for urbanized areas under section 
                5307 and rural areas under section 5311, of which--
                          ``(i) $272,297,083 for fiscal year 2016, 
                      $279,129,510 for fiscal year 2017, $286,132,747 
                      for fiscal year 2018, $293,311,066 for fiscal year 
                      2019, $300,668,843 for fiscal year 2020 shall be 
                      for growing States under section 5340(c); and
                          ``(ii) $263,964,457 for fiscal year 2016, 
                      $265,304,279 for fiscal year 2017, $266,650,800 
                      for fiscal year 2018, $268,004,054 for fiscal year 
                      2019, $269,364,074 for fiscal year 2020 shall be 
                      for high density States under section 5340(d).

    ``(b) Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment 
Program.--There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 
5312, other than subsections (h) and (i) of that section, $20,000,000 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(c) Technical Assistance and Training.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out section 5314, $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(d) Capital Investment Grants.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out section 5309 of this title and section 3005(b) 
of the Federal Public Transportation Act of 2015, $2,301,785,760 for 
each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(e) Administration.--
            ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
        to carry out section 5334, $115,016,543 for each of fiscal years 
        2016 through 2020.
            ``(2) Section 5329.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated under paragraph (1), not less than $5,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be available to 
        carry out section 5329.
            ``(3) Section 5326.--Of the amounts made available under 
        paragraph (2), not less than $2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2016 through 2020 shall be available to carry out section 5326.

    ``(f) Oversight.--
            ``(1) In general.--Of the amounts made available to carry 
        out this chapter for a fiscal year, the Secretary may use not 
        more than the following amounts for the activities described in 
        paragraph (2):
                    ``(A) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5305.
                    ``(B) 0.75 percent of amounts made available to 
                carry out section 5307.
                    ``(C) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5309.
                    ``(D) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 601 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
                Improvement Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-432; 126 Stat. 
                4968).
                    ``(E) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5310.
                    ``(F) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5311.
                    ``(G) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5337, of which not less than 0.25 percent of

[[Page 129 STAT. 1482]]

                amounts made available for this subparagraph shall be 
                available to carry out section 5329.
                    ``(H) 0.75 percent of amounts made available to 
                carry out section 5339.
            ``(2) Activities.--The activities described in this 
        paragraph are as follows:
                    ``(A) Activities to oversee the construction of a 
                major capital project.
                    ``(B) Activities to review and audit the safety and 
                security, procurement, management, and financial 
                compliance of a recipient or subrecipient of funds under 
                this chapter.
                    ``(C) Activities to provide technical assistance 
                generally, and to provide technical assistance to 
                correct deficiencies identified in compliance reviews 
                and audits carried out under this section.
            ``(3) Government share of costs.--The Government shall pay 
        the entire cost of carrying out a contract under this 
        subsection.
            ``(4) Availability of certain funds.--Funds made available 
        under paragraph (1)(C) shall be made available to the Secretary 
        before allocating the funds appropriated to carry out any 
        project under a full funding grant agreement.

    ``(g) Grants as Contractual Obligations.--
            ``(1) Grants financed from highway trust fund.--A grant or 
        contract that is approved by the Secretary and financed with 
        amounts made available from the Mass Transit Account of the 
        Highway Trust Fund pursuant to this section is a contractual 
        obligation of the Government to pay the Government share of the 
        cost of the project.
            ``(2) Grants financed from general fund.--A grant or 
        contract that is approved by the Secretary and financed with 
        amounts appropriated in advance from the General Fund of the 
        Treasury pursuant to this section is a contractual obligation of 
        the Government to pay the Government share of the cost of the 
        project only to the extent that amounts are appropriated for 
        such purpose by an Act of Congress.

    ``(h) Availability of Amounts.--Amounts made available by or 
appropriated under this section shall remain available until 
expended.''.
SEC. 3017. GRANTS FOR BUSES AND BUS FACILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 5339 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 5339. Grants for buses and bus facilities

    ``(a) Formula Grants.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `low or no emission vehicle' has the 
                meaning given that term in subsection (c)(1);
                    ``(B) the term `State' means a State of the United 
                States; and
                    ``(C) the term `territory' means the District of 
                Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, 
                Guam, American Samoa, and the United States Virgin 
                Islands.
            ``(2) General authority.--The Secretary may make grants 
        under this subsection to assist eligible recipients described in 
        paragraph (4)(A) in financing capital projects--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1483]]

                    ``(A) to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase buses 
                and related equipment, including technological changes 
                or innovations to modify low or no emission vehicles or 
                facilities; and
                    ``(B) to construct bus-related facilities.
            ``(3) Grant requirements.--The requirements of--
                    ``(A) section 5307 shall apply to recipients of 
                grants made in urbanized areas under this subsection; 
                and
                    ``(B) section 5311 shall apply to recipients of 
                grants made in rural areas under this subsection.
            ``(4) Eligible recipients.--
                    ``(A) Recipients.--Eligible recipients under this 
                subsection are--
                          ``(i) designated recipients that allocate 
                      funds to fixed route bus operators; or
                          ``(ii) State or local governmental entities 
                      that operate fixed route bus service.
                    ``(B) Subrecipients.--A recipient that receives a 
                grant under this subsection may allocate amounts of the 
                grant to subrecipients that are public agencies or 
                private nonprofit organizations engaged in public 
                transportation.
            ``(5) Distribution of grant funds.--Funds allocated under 
        section 5338(a)(2)(L) shall be distributed as follows:
                    ``(A) National distribution.--$90,500,000 for each 
                of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be allocated to 
                all States and territories, with each State receiving 
                $1,750,000 for each such fiscal year and each territory 
                receiving $500,000 for each such fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Distribution using population and service 
                factors.--The remainder of the funds not otherwise 
                distributed under subparagraph (A) shall be allocated 
                pursuant to the formula set forth in section 5336 other 
                than subsection (b).
            ``(6) Transfers of apportionments.--
                    ``(A) Transfer flexibility for national distribution 
                funds.--The Governor of a State may transfer any part of 
                the State's apportionment under paragraph (5)(A) to 
                supplement amounts apportioned to the State under 
                section 5311(c) or amounts apportioned to urbanized 
                areas under subsections (a) and (c) of section 5336.
                    ``(B) Transfer flexibility for population and 
                service factors funds.--The Governor of a State may 
                expend in an urbanized area with a population of less 
                than 200,000 any amounts apportioned under paragraph 
                (5)(B) that are not allocated to designated recipients 
                in urbanized areas with a population of 200,000 or more.
            ``(7) Government share of costs.--
                    ``(A) Capital projects.--A grant for a capital 
                project under this subsection shall be for 80 percent of 
                the net capital costs of the project. A recipient of a 
                grant under this subsection may provide additional local 
                matching amounts.
                    ``(B) Remaining costs.--The remainder of the net 
                project cost shall be provided--
                          ``(i) in cash from non-Government sources 
                      other than revenues from providing public 
                      transportation services;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1484]]

                          ``(ii) from revenues derived from the sale of 
                      advertising and concessions;
                          ``(iii) from an undistributed cash surplus, a 
                      replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve, 
                      or new capital;
                          ``(iv) from amounts received under a service 
                      agreement with a State or local social service 
                      agency or private social service organization; or
                          ``(v) from revenues generated from value 
                      capture financing mechanisms.
            ``(8) Period of availability to recipients.--Amounts made 
        available under this subsection may be obligated by a recipient 
        for 3 fiscal years after the fiscal year in which the amount is 
        apportioned. Not later than 30 days after the end of the 3-
        fiscal-year period described in the preceding sentence, any 
        amount that is not obligated on the last day of such period 
        shall be added to the amount that may be apportioned under this 
        subsection in the next fiscal year.
            ``(9) Pilot program for cost-effective capital investment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2016 
                through 2020, the Secretary shall carry out a pilot 
                program under which an eligible recipient (as described 
                in paragraph (4)) in an urbanized area with population 
                of not less than 200,000 and not more than 999,999 may 
                elect to participate in a State pool in accordance with 
                this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Purpose of state pools.--The purpose of a 
                State pool shall be to allow for transfers of formula 
                grant funds made available under this subsection among 
                the designated recipients participating in the State 
                pool in a manner that supports the transit asset 
                management plans of the designated recipients under 
                section 5326.
                    ``(C) Requests for participation.--A State, and 
                eligible recipients in the State described in 
                subparagraph (A), may submit to the Secretary a request 
                for participation in the program under procedures to be 
                established by the Secretary. An eligible recipient for 
                a multistate area may participate in only 1 State pool.
                    ``(D) Allocations to participating states.--For each 
                fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate to each State 
                participating in the program the total amount of funds 
                that otherwise would be allocated to the urbanized areas 
                of the eligible recipients participating in the State's 
                pool for that fiscal year pursuant to the formulas 
                referred to in paragraph (5).
                    ``(E) Allocations to eligible recipients in state 
                pools.--A State shall distribute the amount that is 
                allocated to the State for a fiscal year under 
                subparagraph (D) among the eligible recipients 
                participating in the State's pool in a manner that 
                supports the transit asset management plans of the 
                recipients under section 5326.
                    ``(F) Allocation plans.--A State participating in 
                the program shall develop an allocation plan for the 
                period of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 to ensure that 
                an eligible recipient participating in the State's pool 
                receives under the program an amount of funds that 
                equals the amount of funds that would have otherwise 
                been available to the

[[Page 129 STAT. 1485]]

                eligible recipient for that period pursuant to the 
                formulas referred to in paragraph (5).
                    ``(G) Grants.--The Secretary shall make grants under 
                this subsection for a fiscal year to an eligible 
                recipient participating in a State pool following 
                notification by the State of the allocation amount 
                determined under subparagraph (E).

    ``(b) Buses and Bus Facilities Competitive Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
        subsection to eligible recipients (as described in subsection 
        (a)(4)) to assist in the financing of buses and bus facilities 
        capital projects, including--
                    ``(A) replacing, rehabilitating, purchasing, or 
                leasing buses or related equipment; and
                    ``(B) rehabilitating, purchasing, constructing, or 
                leasing bus-related facilities.
            ``(2) Grant considerations.--In making grants under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall consider the age and condition 
        of buses, bus fleets, related equipment, and bus-related 
        facilities.
            ``(3) Statewide applications.--A State may submit a 
        statewide application on behalf of a public agency or private 
        nonprofit organization engaged in public transportation in rural 
        areas or other areas for which the State allocates funds. The 
        submission of a statewide application shall not preclude the 
        submission and consideration of any application under this 
        subsection from other eligible recipients (as described in 
        subsection (a)(4)) in an urbanized area in a State.
            ``(4) Requirements for the secretary.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) disclose all metrics and evaluation procedures 
                to be used in considering grant applications under this 
                subsection upon issuance of the notice of funding 
                availability in the Federal Register; and
                    ``(B) publish a summary of final scores for selected 
                projects, metrics, and other evaluations used in 
                awarding grants under this subsection in the Federal 
                Register.
            ``(5) Rural projects.--Not less than 10 percent of the 
        amounts made available under this subsection in a fiscal year 
        shall be distributed to projects in rural areas.
            ``(6) Grant requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A grant under this subsection 
                shall be subject to the requirements of--
                          ``(i) section 5307 for eligible recipients of 
                      grants made in urbanized areas; and
                          ``(ii) section 5311 for eligible recipients of 
                      grants made in rural areas.
                    ``(B) Government share of costs.--The Government 
                share of the cost of an eligible project carried out 
                under this subsection shall not exceed 80 percent.
            ``(7) Availability of funds.--Any amounts made available to 
        carry out this subsection--
                    ``(A) shall remain available for 3 fiscal years 
                after the fiscal year for which the amount is made 
                available; and
                    ``(B) that remain unobligated at the end of the 
                period described in subparagraph (A) shall be added to 
                the amount

[[Page 129 STAT. 1486]]

                made available to an eligible project in the following 
                fiscal year.
            ``(8) Limitation.--Of the amounts made available under this 
        subsection, not more than 10 percent may be awarded to a single 
        grantee.

    ``(c) Low or No Emission Grants.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `direct carbon emissions' means the 
                quantity of direct greenhouse gas emissions from a 
                vehicle, as determined by the Administrator of the 
                Environmental Protection Agency;
                    ``(B) the term `eligible project' means a project or 
                program of projects in an eligible area for--
                          ``(i) acquiring low or no emission vehicles;
                          ``(ii) leasing low or no emission vehicles;
                          ``(iii) acquiring low or no emission vehicles 
                      with a leased power source;
                          ``(iv) constructing facilities and related 
                      equipment for low or no emission vehicles;
                          ``(v) leasing facilities and related equipment 
                      for low or no emission vehicles;
                          ``(vi) constructing new public transportation 
                      facilities to accommodate low or no emission 
                      vehicles; or
                          ``(vii) rehabilitating or improving existing 
                      public transportation facilities to accommodate 
                      low or no emission vehicles;
                    ``(C) the term `leased power source' means a 
                removable power source, as defined in subsection (c)(3) 
                of section 3019 of the Federal Public Transportation Act 
                of 2015 that is made available through a capital lease 
                under such section;
                    ``(D) the term `low or no emission bus' means a bus 
                that is a low or no emission vehicle;
                    ``(E) the term `low or no emission vehicle' means--
                          ``(i) a passenger vehicle used to provide 
                      public transportation that the Secretary 
                      determines sufficiently reduces energy consumption 
                      or harmful emissions, including direct carbon 
                      emissions, when compared to a comparable standard 
                      vehicle; or
                          ``(ii) a zero emission vehicle used to provide 
                      public transportation;
                    ``(F) the term `recipient' means a designated 
                recipient, a local governmental authority, or a State 
                that receives a grant under this subsection for an 
                eligible project; and
                    ``(G) the term `zero emission vehicle' means a low 
                or no emission vehicle that produces no carbon or 
                particulate matter.
            ``(2) General authority.--The Secretary may make grants to 
        recipients to finance eligible projects under this subsection.
            ``(3) Grant requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A grant under this subsection 
                shall be subject to the requirements of section 5307.
                    ``(B) Government share of costs for certain 
                projects.--Section 5323(i) applies to eligible projects 
                carried out under this subsection, unless the recipient 
                requests a lower grant percentage.
                    ``(C) Combination of funding sources.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1487]]

                          ``(i) Combination permitted.--An eligible 
                      project carried out under this subsection may 
                      receive funding under section 5307 or any other 
                      provision of law.
                          ``(ii) Government share.--Nothing in this 
                      subparagraph shall be construed to alter the 
                      Government share required under paragraph (7), 
                      section 5307, or any other provision of law.
            ``(4) Competitive process.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) not later than 30 days after the date on which 
                amounts are made available for obligation under this 
                subsection for a full fiscal year, solicit grant 
                applications for eligible projects on a competitive 
                basis; and
                    ``(B) award a grant under this subsection based on 
                the solicitation under subparagraph (A) not later than 
                the earlier of--
                          ``(i) 75 days after the date on which the 
                      solicitation expires; or
                          ``(ii) the end of the fiscal year in which the 
                      Secretary solicited the grant applications.
            ``(5) Consideration.--In awarding grants under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall only consider eligible projects 
        relating to the acquisition or leasing of low or no emission 
        buses or bus facilities that--
                    ``(A) make greater reductions in energy consumption 
                and harmful emissions, including direct carbon 
                emissions, than comparable standard buses or other low 
                or no emission buses; and
                    ``(B) are part of a long-term integrated fleet 
                management plan for the recipient.
            ``(6) Availability of funds.--Any amounts made available to 
        carry out this subsection--
                    ``(A) shall remain available to an eligible project 
                for 3 fiscal years after the fiscal year for which the 
                amount is made available; and
                    ``(B) that remain unobligated at the end of the 
                period described in subparagraph (A) shall be added to 
                the amount made available to an eligible project in the 
                following fiscal year.
            ``(7) Government share of costs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of 
                an eligible project carried out under this subsection 
                shall not exceed 80 percent.
                    ``(B) Non-federal share.--The non-Federal share of 
                the cost of an eligible project carried out under this 
                subsection may be derived from in-kind contributions.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 53 
of title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 5301.>> is amended 
by striking the item relating to section 5339 and inserting the 
following:

``5339. Grants for buses and bus facilities.''.

SEC. 3018. <<NOTE: 49 USC 5338 note.>> OBLIGATION CEILING.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the total of all 
obligations from amounts made available from the Mass Transit Account of 
the Highway Trust Fund by subsection (a) of section 5338 of title 49, 
United States Code, and section 3028 of the Federal Public 
Transportation Act of 2015 shall not exceed--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1488]]

            (1) $9,347,604,639 in fiscal year 2016;
            (2) $9,733,706,043 in fiscal year 2017;
            (3) $9,733,353,407 in fiscal year 2018;
            (4) $9,939,380,030 in fiscal year 2019; and
            (5) $10,150,348,462 in fiscal year 2020.
SEC. 3019. <<NOTE: 49 USC 5325 note.>> INNOVATIVE PROCUREMENT.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``grantee'' means a 
recipient or subrecipient of assistance under chapter 53 of title 49, 
United States Code.
    (b) Cooperative Procurement.--
            (1) Definitions; general rules.--
                    (A) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                          (i) the term ``cooperative procurement 
                      contract'' means a contract--
                                    (I) entered into between a State 
                                government or eligible nonprofit entity 
                                and 1 or more vendors; and
                                    (II) under which the vendors agree 
                                to provide an option to purchase rolling 
                                stock and related equipment to multiple 
                                participants;
                          (ii) the term ``eligible nonprofit entity'' 
                      means--
                                    (I) a nonprofit cooperative 
                                purchasing organization that is not a 
                                grantee; or
                                    (II) a consortium of entities 
                                described in subclause (I);
                          (iii) the terms ``lead nonprofit entity'' and 
                      ``lead procurement agency'' mean an eligible 
                      nonprofit entity or a State government, 
                      respectively, that acts in an administrative 
                      capacity on behalf of each participant in a 
                      cooperative procurement contract;
                          (iv) the term ``participant'' means a grantee 
                      that participates in a cooperative procurement 
                      contract; and
                          (v) the term ``participate'' means to purchase 
                      rolling stock and related equipment under a 
                      cooperative procurement contract using assistance 
                      provided under chapter 53 of title 49, United 
                      States Code.
                    (B) General rules.--
                          (i) Procurement not limited to intrastate 
                      participants.--A grantee may participate in a 
                      cooperative procurement contract without regard to 
                      whether the grantee is located in the same State 
                      as the parties to the contract.
                          (ii) Voluntary participation.--Participation 
                      by grantees in a cooperative procurement contract 
                      shall be voluntary.
                          (iii) Contract terms.--The lead procurement 
                      agency or lead nonprofit entity for a cooperative 
                      procurement contract shall develop the terms of 
                      the contract.
                          (iv) Duration.--A cooperative procurement 
                      contract--
                                    (I) subject to subclauses (II) and 
                                (III), may be for an initial term of not 
                                more than 2 years;
                                    (II) may include not more than 3 
                                optional extensions for terms of not 
                                more than 1 year each; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1489]]

                                    (III) may be in effect for a total 
                                period of not more than 5 years, 
                                including each extension authorized 
                                under subclause (II).
                          (v) Administrative expenses.--A lead 
                      procurement agency or lead nonprofit entity, as 
                      applicable, that enters into a cooperative 
                      procurement contract--
                                    (I) may charge the participants in 
                                the contract for the cost of 
                                administering, planning, and providing 
                                technical assistance for the contract in 
                                an amount that is not more than 1 
                                percent of the total value of the 
                                contract; and
                                    (II) with respect to the cost 
                                described in subclause (I), may 
                                incorporate the cost into the price of 
                                the contract or directly charge the 
                                participants for the cost, but not both.
            (2) State cooperative procurement schedules.--
                    (A) Authority.--A State government may enter into a 
                cooperative procurement contract with 1 or more vendors 
                if--
                          (i) the vendors agree to provide an option to 
                      purchase rolling stock and related equipment to 
                      the State government and any other participant; 
                      and
                          (ii) the State government acts throughout the 
                      term of the contract as the lead procurement 
                      agency.
                    (B) Applicability of policies and procedures.--In 
                procuring rolling stock and related equipment under a 
                cooperative procurement contract under this subsection, 
                a State government shall comply with the policies and 
                procedures that apply to procurement by the State 
                government when using non-Federal funds, to the extent 
                that the policies and procedures are in conformance with 
                applicable Federal law.
            (3) Pilot program for nonprofit cooperative procurements.--
                    (A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
                and carry out a pilot program to demonstrate the 
                effectiveness of cooperative procurement contracts 
                administered by eligible nonprofit entities.
                    (B) Designation.--In carrying out the program under 
                this paragraph, the Secretary shall designate not less 
                than 3 eligible nonprofit entities to enter into a 
                cooperative procurement contract under which the 
                eligible nonprofit entity acts throughout the term of 
                the contract as the lead nonprofit entity.
                    (C) Notice of intent to participate.--At a time 
                determined appropriate by the lead nonprofit entity, 
                each participant in a cooperative procurement contract 
                under this paragraph shall submit to the lead nonprofit 
                entity a nonbinding notice of intent to participate.
            (4) Joint procurement clearinghouse.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                clearinghouse for the purpose of allowing grantees to 
                aggregate planned rolling stock purchases and identify 
                joint procurement participants.
                    (B) Nonprofit consultation.--In establishing the 
                clearinghouse under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may 
                consult with nonprofit entities with expertise in public

[[Page 129 STAT. 1490]]

                transportation or procurement, and other stakeholders as 
                the Secretary determines appropriate.
                    (C) Information on procurements.--The clearinghouse 
                may include information on bus size, engine type, floor 
                type, and any other attributes necessary to identify 
                joint procurement participants.
                    (D) Limitations.--
                          (i) Access.--The clearinghouse shall only be 
                      accessible to the Federal Transit Administration, 
                      a nonprofit entity coordinating for such 
                      clearinghouse with the Secretary, and grantees.
                          (ii) Participation.--No grantee shall be 
                      required to submit procurement information to the 
                      database.

    (c) Leasing Arrangements.--
            (1) Capital lease defined.--
                    (A) In general.--In this subsection, the term 
                ``capital lease'' means any agreement under which a 
                grantee acquires the right to use rolling stock or 
                related equipment for a specified period of time, in 
                exchange for a periodic payment.
                    (B) Maintenance.--A capital lease may require that 
                the lessor provide maintenance of the rolling stock or 
                related equipment covered by the lease.
            (2) Program to support innovative leasing arrangements.--
                    (A) Authority.--A grantee may use assistance 
                provided under chapter 53 of title 49, United States 
                Code, to enter into a capital lease if--
                          (i) the rolling stock or related equipment 
                      covered under the lease is eligible for capital 
                      assistance under such chapter; and
                          (ii) there is or will be no Federal interest 
                      in the rolling stock or related equipment covered 
                      under the lease as of the date on which the lease 
                      takes effect.
                    (B) Grantee requirements.--A grantee that enters 
                into a capital lease shall--
                          (i) maintain an inventory of the rolling stock 
                      or related equipment acquired under the lease; and
                          (ii) maintain on the accounting records of the 
                      grantee the liability of the grantee under the 
                      lease.
                    (C) Eligible lease costs.--The costs for which a 
                grantee may use assistance under chapter 53 of title 49, 
                United States Code, with respect to a capital lease, 
                include--
                          (i) the cost of the rolling stock or related 
                      equipment;
                          (ii) associated financing costs, including 
                      interest, legal fees, and financial advisor fees;
                          (iii) ancillary costs such as delivery and 
                      installation charges; and
                          (iv) maintenance costs.
                    (D) Terms.--A grantee shall negotiate the terms of 
                any lease agreement that the grantee enters into.
                    (E) Applicability of procurement requirements.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1491]]

                          (i) Lease requirements.--Part 639 of title 49, 
                      Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor 
                      regulation, and implementing guidance applicable 
                      to leasing shall not apply to a capital lease.
                          (ii) Buy america.--The requirements under 
                      section 5323(j) of title 49, United States Code, 
                      shall apply to a capital lease.
            (3) Capital leasing of certain zero emission vehicle 
        components.--
                    (A) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                          (i) the term ``removable power source''--
                                    (I) means a power source that is 
                                separately installed in, and removable 
                                from, a zero emission vehicle; and
                                    (II) may include a battery, a fuel 
                                cell, an ultra-capacitor, or other 
                                advanced power source used in a zero 
                                emission vehicle; and
                          (ii) the term ``zero emission vehicle'' has 
                      the meaning given the term in section 5339(c) of 
                      title 49, United States Code.
                    (B) Leased power sources.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, for purposes of this subsection, the 
                cost of a removable power source that is necessary for 
                the operation of a zero emission vehicle shall not be 
                treated as part of the cost of the vehicle if the 
                removable power source is acquired using a capital 
                lease.
                    (C) Eligible capital lease.--A grantee may acquire a 
                removable power source by itself through a capital 
                lease.
                    (D) Procurement regulations.--For purposes of this 
                section, a removable power source shall be subject to 
                section 200.88 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations.
            (4) Reporting requirement.--Not later than 3 years after the 
        date on which a grantee enters into a capital lease under this 
        subsection, the grantee shall submit to the Secretary a report 
        that contains--
                    (A) an evaluation of the overall costs and benefits 
                of leasing rolling stock; and
                    (B) a comparison of the expected short-term and 
                long-term maintenance costs of leasing versus buying 
                rolling stock.
            (5) Report.--The Secretary shall make publicly available an 
        annual report on this subsection for each fiscal year, not later 
        than December 31 of the calendar year in which that fiscal year 
        ends. The report shall include a detailed description of the 
        activities carried out under this subsection, and evaluation of 
        the program including the evaluation of the data reported in 
        paragraph (4).

    (d) Buy America.--The requirements of section 5323(j) of title 49, 
United States Code, shall apply to all procurements under this section.
SEC. 3020. REVIEW OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SAFETY STANDARDS.

    (a) Review Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall begin a review

[[Page 129 STAT. 1492]]

        of the safety standards and protocols used in public 
        transportation systems in the United States that examines the 
        efficacy of existing standards and protocols.
            (2) Contents of review.--In conducting the review under this 
        paragraph, the Secretary shall review--
                    (A) minimum safety performance standards developed 
                by the public transportation industry;
                    (B) safety performance standards, practices, or 
                protocols in use by rail fixed guideway public 
                transportation systems, including--
                          (i) written emergency plans and procedures for 
                      passenger evacuations;
                          (ii) training programs to ensure public 
                      transportation personnel compliance and readiness 
                      in emergency situations;
                          (iii) coordination plans approved by 
                      recipients with local emergency responders having 
                      jurisdiction over a rail fixed guideway public 
                      transportation system, including--
                                    (I) emergency preparedness training, 
                                drills, and familiarization programs for 
                                the first responders; and
                                    (II) the scheduling of regular field 
                                exercises to ensure appropriate response 
                                and effective radio and public safety 
                                communications;
                          (iv) maintenance, testing, and inspection 
                      programs to ensure the proper functioning of--
                                    (I) tunnel, station, and vehicle 
                                ventilation systems;
                                    (II) signal and train control 
                                systems, track, mechanical systems, and 
                                other infrastructure; and
                                    (III) other systems as necessary;
                          (v) certification requirements for train and 
                      bus operators and control center employees;
                          (vi) consensus-based standards, practices, or 
                      protocols available to the public transportation 
                      industry; and
                          (vii) any other standards, practices, or 
                      protocols the Secretary determines appropriate; 
                      and
                    (C) rail and bus safety standards, practices, or 
                protocols in use by public transportation systems, 
                regarding--
                          (i) rail and bus design and the workstation of 
                      rail and bus operators, as it relates to--
                                    (I) the reduction of blindspots that 
                                contribute to accidents involving 
                                pedestrians; and
                                    (II) protecting rail and bus 
                                operators from the risk of assault;
                          (ii) scheduling fixed route rail and bus 
                      service with adequate time and access for 
                      operators to use restroom facilities;
                          (iii) fatigue management; and
                          (iv) crash avoidance and worthiness.

    (b) Evaluation.--After conducting the review under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall, in consultation with representatives of the public 
transportation industry, evaluate the need to establish additional 
Federal minimum public transportation safety standards.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1493]]

    (c) Report.--After completing the review and evaluation required 
under subsections (a) and (b), and not later than 1 year after the date 
of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall make available on a 
publicly accessible Web site, a report that includes--
            (1) findings based on the review conducted under subsection 
        (a);
            (2) the outcome of the evaluation conducted under subsection 
        (b);
            (3) a comprehensive set of recommendations to improve the 
        safety of the public transportation industry, including 
        recommendations for statutory changes if applicable; and
            (4) actions that the Secretary will take to address the 
        recommendations provided under paragraph (3), including, if 
        necessary, the authorities under section 5329(b)(2)(D) of title 
        49, United States Code.
SEC. 3021. STUDY ON EVIDENTIARY PROTECTION FOR PUBLIC 
                          TRANSPORTATION SAFETY PROGRAM 
                          INFORMATION.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the 
Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Sciences, 
Engineering, and Medicine, to conduct a study to evaluate whether it is 
in the public interest, including public safety and the legal rights of 
persons injured in public transportation accidents, to withhold from 
discovery or admission into evidence in a Federal or State court 
proceeding any plan, report, data, or other information or portion 
thereof, submitted to, developed, produced, collected, or obtained by 
the Secretary or the Secretary's representative for purposes of 
complying with the requirements under section 5329 of title 49, United 
States Code, including information related to a recipient's safety plan, 
safety risks, and mitigation measures.
    (b) Coordination.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Transportation Research Board shall coordinate with the legal research 
entities of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
Medicine, including the Committee on Law and Justice and the Committee 
on Science, Technology, and Law, and include members of those committees 
on the research committee established for the purposes of this section.
    (c) Input.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
relevant entities of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, 
and Medicine shall solicit input from the public transportation 
recipients, public transportation nonprofit employee labor 
organizations, and impacted members of the general public.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 
shall issue a report, with the findings of the study under subsection 
(a), including any recommendations on statutory changes regarding 
evidentiary protections that will increase public transportation safety.
SEC. 3022. <<NOTE: 49 USC 5329 note.>> IMPROVED PUBLIC 
                          TRANSPORTATION SAFETY MEASURES.

    (a) Requirements.--Not later than 90 days after publication of the 
report required in section 3020, the Secretary shall issue a notice of 
proposed rulemaking on protecting public transportation operators from 
the risk of assault.
    (b) Consideration.--In the proposed rulemaking, the Secretary shall 
consider--
            (1) different safety needs of drivers of different modes;
            (2) differences in operating environments;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1494]]

            (3) the use of technology to mitigate driver assault risks;
            (4) existing experience, from both agencies and operators 
        that already are using or testing driver assault mitigation 
        infrastructure; and
            (5) the impact of the rule on future rolling stock 
        procurements and vehicles currently in revenue service.

    (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed as 
prohibiting the Secretary from issuing different comprehensive worker 
protections, including standards for mitigating assaults.
SEC. 3023. <<NOTE: 42 USC 12143 note.>> PARATRANSIT SYSTEM UNDER 
                          FTA APPROVED COORDINATED PLAN.

    Notwithstanding the provisions of section 37.131(c) of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, any paratransit system currently 
coordinating complementary paratransit service for more than 40 fixed 
route agencies shall be permitted to continue using an existing tiered, 
distance-based coordinated paratransit fare system, if the fare for the 
existing tiered, distance-based coordinated paratransit fare system is 
not increased by a greater percentage than any increase to the fixed 
route fare for the largest transit agency in the complementary 
paratransit service area.
SEC. 3024. REPORT ON POTENTIAL OF INTERNET OF THINGS.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
potential of the Internet of Things to improve transportation services 
in rural, suburban, and urban areas.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a survey of the communities, cities, and States that are 
        using innovative transportation systems to meet the needs of 
        ageing populations;
            (2) best practices to protect privacy and security, as 
        determined as a result of such survey; and
            (3) recommendations with respect to the potential of the 
        Internet of Things to assist local, State, and Federal planners 
        to develop more efficient and accurate projections of the 
        transportation needs of rural, suburban, and urban communities.
SEC. 3025. REPORT ON PARKING SAFETY.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on the safety of 
certain transportation facilities and locations, focusing on any 
property damage, injuries, deaths, and other incidents that occur or 
originate at locations intended to encourage public use of alternative 
transportation, including--
            (1) carpool lots;
            (2) mass transit lots;
            (3) local, State, or regional rail stations;
            (4) rest stops;
            (5) college or university lots;
            (6) bike paths or walking trails; and
            (7) any other locations that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 8 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee

[[Page 129 STAT. 1495]]

on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate a 
report on the results of the study.
    (c) Recommendations.--The Secretary shall include in the report 
recommendations to Congress on the best ways to use innovative 
technologies to increase safety and ensure a better response by transit 
security and local, State, and Federal law enforcement to address 
threats to public safety.
SEC. 3026. APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS OF WASHINGTON METROPOLITAN 
                          AREA TRANSIT AUTHORITY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Compact.--The term ``Compact'' means the Washington 
        Metropolitan Area Transit Authority Compact (Public Law 89-774; 
        80 Stat. 1324).
            (2) Federal director.--The term ``Federal Director'' means--
                    (A) a voting member of the Board of Directors of the 
                Transit Authority who represents the Federal Government; 
                and
                    (B) a nonvoting member of the Board of Directors of 
                the Transit Authority who serves as an alternate for a 
                member described in subparagraph (A).
            (3) Transit authority.--The term ``Transit Authority'' means 
        the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority established 
        under Article III of the Compact.

    (b) Appointment by Secretary of Transportation.--
            (1) In general.--For any appointment made on or after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation 
        shall have sole authority to appoint Federal Directors to the 
        Board of Directors of the Transit Authority.
            (2) Amendment to compact.--The signatory parties to the 
        Compact shall amend the Compact as necessary in accordance with 
        paragraph (1).
SEC. 3027. EFFECTIVENESS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION CHANGES AND 
                          FUNDING.

    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Comptroller General shall examine and evaluate the impact of the 
changes that MAP-21 had on public transportation, including--
            (1) the ability and effectiveness of public transportation 
        agencies to provide public transportation to low-income workers 
        in accessing jobs and being able to use reverse commute 
        services;
            (2) whether services to low-income riders declined after 
        MAP-21 was implemented; and
            (3) if guidance provided by the Federal Transit 
        Administration encouraged public transportation agencies to 
        maintain and support services to low-income riders to allow them 
        to access jobs, medical services, and other life necessities.
SEC. 3028. AUTHORIZATION OF GRANTS FOR POSITIVE TRAIN CONTROL.

    (a) In General.--There shall be available from the Mass Transit 
Account of the Highway Trust Fund to carry out this section $199,000,000 
for fiscal year 2017 to assist in financing

[[Page 129 STAT. 1496]]

the installation of positive train control systems required under 
section 20157 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Uses.--The amounts made available under subsection (a) of this 
section shall be awarded by the Secretary on a competitive basis, and 
grant funds awarded under this section shall not exceed 80 percent of 
the total cost of a project.
    (c) Credit Assistance.--At the request of an eligible applicant 
under this section, the Secretary may use amounts awarded to the entity 
to pay the subsidy and administrative costs necessary to provide the 
entity Federal credit assistance under sections 502 through 504 of the 
Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976 (45 U.S.C. 801 
et seq.), with respect to the project for which the grant was awarded.
    (d) Eligible Recipients.--The amounts made available under 
subsection (a) of this section may be used only to assist a recipient of 
funds under chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code.
    (e) Project Management Oversight.--The Secretary may withhold up to 
1 percent from the amounts made available under subsection (a) of this 
section for the costs of project management oversight of grants 
authorized under that subsection.
    (f) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed as 
authorizing the amounts appropriated under subsection (a) to be used for 
any purpose other than financing the installation of positive train 
control systems.
    (g) Grants Financed From Highway Trust Fund.--A grant that is 
approved by the Secretary and financed with amounts made available from 
the Mass Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund under this section is 
a contractual obligation of the Government to pay the Government share 
of the cost of the project.
    (h) Availability of Amounts.--Notwithstanding subsection (j), 
amounts made available under this section shall remain available until 
expended.
    (i) Obligation Limitation.--Funds made available under this section 
shall be subject to obligation limit of section 3018 of the Federal 
Public Transportation Act of 2015.
    (j) Sunset.--The Secretary of Transportation shall provide the 
grants, direct loans, and loan guarantees under subsections (b) and (c) 
by September 30, 2018.
SEC. 3029. AMENDMENT TO TITLE 5.

    (a) In General.--Section 5313 of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``Federal Transit Administrator.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5314 of title 5, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``Federal Transit Administrator.''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 5 USC 5313 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall take effect on the first day of the first pay 
period beginning on or after the first day of the first fiscal year 
beginning after the date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 3030. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING CHANGES.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 20008(b) of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 5309 note) is 
repealed.
    (b) Repeal Section 5313.--Section 5313 of title 49, United States 
Code, and the item relating to that section in the analysis for chapter 
53 of such title, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 5301.>> are repealed.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1497]]

    (c) Repeal of Section 5319.--Section 5319 of title 49, United States 
Code, and the item relating to that section in the analysis for chapter 
53 of such title, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 5301.>> are repealed.

    (d) Repeal of Section 5322.--Section 5322 of title 49, United States 
Code, and the item relating to that section in the analysis for chapter 
53 of such title, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 5301.>> are repealed.

    (e) Section 5325.--Section 5325 of title 49, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``at least two''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``Federal Public 
        Transportation Act of 2012'' and inserting ``Federal Public 
        Transportation Act of 2015''.

    (f) Section 5340.--Section 5340 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by inserting the following:

    ``(b) Allocation.--The Secretary shall apportion the amounts made 
available under section 5338(b)(2)(N) in accordance with subsection (c) 
and subsection (d).''.
    (g) Chapter 105 of Title 49, United States Code.--Section 10501(c) 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``section 
                5302(a)'' and inserting ``section 5302''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``mass transportation'' and 
                      inserting ``public transportation''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``section 5302(a)'' and 
                      inserting ``section 5302''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``mass transportation'' 
        and inserting ``public transportation''.

                    TITLE IV--HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY

SEC. 4001. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The following sums are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account):
            (1) Highway safety programs.--For carrying out section 402 
        of title 23, United States Code--
                    (A) $243,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $252,300,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $261,200,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $270,400,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $279,800,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (2) Highway safety research and development.--For carrying 
        out section 403 of title 23, United States Code--
                    (A) $137,800,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $140,700,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $143,700,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $146,700,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $149,800,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (3) National priority safety programs.--For carrying out 
        section 405 of title 23, United States Code--
                    (A) $274,700,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $277,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1498]]

                    (C) $280,200,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $283,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $285,900,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (4) National driver register.--For the National Highway 
        Traffic Safety Administration to carry out chapter 303 of title 
        49, United States Code--
                    (A) $5,100,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $5,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $5,300,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $5,400,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $5,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (5) High-visibility enforcement program.--For carrying out 
        section 404 of title 23, United States Code--
                    (A) $29,300,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $29,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $29,900,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $30,200,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $30,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (6) Administrative expenses.--For administrative and related 
        operating expenses of the National Highway Traffic Safety 
        Administration in carrying out chapter 4 of title 23, United 
        States Code, and this title--
                    (A) $25,832,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $26,072,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $26,329,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $26,608,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $26,817,000 for fiscal year 2020.

    (b) <<NOTE: 23 USC 401 note.>> Prohibition on Other Uses.--Except as 
otherwise provided in chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and 
chapter 303 of title 49, United States Code, the amounts made available 
from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) for a 
program under such chapters--
            (1) shall only be used to carry out such program; and
            (2) may not be used by States or local governments for 
        construction purposes.

    (c) Applicability of Title 23.--Except as otherwise provided in 
chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, and chapter 303 of title 49, 
United States Code, amounts made available under subsection (a) for 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020 shall be available for obligation in the 
same manner as if such funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 
23, United States Code.
    (d) <<NOTE: 23 USC 402 note.>> Regulatory Authority.--Grants awarded 
under this title shall be carried out in accordance with regulations 
issued by the Secretary.

    (e) <<NOTE: 23 USC 402 note.>> State Matching Requirements.--If a 
grant awarded under chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, requires 
a State to share in the cost, the aggregate of all expenditures for 
highway safety activities made during a fiscal year by the State and its 
political subdivisions (exclusive of Federal funds) for carrying out the 
grant (other than planning and administration) shall be available for 
the purpose of crediting the State during such fiscal year for the non-
Federal share of the cost of any other project carried out under chapter 
4 of title 23, United States Code (other than planning or 
administration), without regard to whether such expenditures were made 
in connection with such project.

    (f) Grant Application and Deadline.--To receive a grant under 
chapter 4 of title 23, United States Code, a State shall

[[Page 129 STAT. 1499]]

submit an application, and the Secretary shall establish a single 
deadline for such applications to enable the award of grants early in 
the next fiscal year.
SEC. 4002. HIGHWAY SAFETY PROGRAMS.

    Section 402 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (vi) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (vii) by inserting ``and'' after the 
                semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(viii) to increase driver awareness of 
                      commercial motor vehicles to prevent crashes and 
                      reduce injuries and fatalities;'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(4), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(C) Survey.--A State in which an automated traffic 
                enforcement system is installed shall expend funds 
                apportioned to that State under this section to conduct 
                a biennial survey that the Secretary shall make publicly 
                available through the Internet Web site of the 
                Department of Transportation that includes--
                          ``(i) a list of automated traffic enforcement 
                      systems in the State;
                          ``(ii) adequate data to measure the 
                      transparency, accountability, and safety 
                      attributes of each automated traffic enforcement 
                      system; and
                          ``(iii) a comparison of each automated traffic 
                      enforcement system with--
                                    ``(I) Speed Enforcement Camera 
                                Systems Operational Guidelines (DOT HS 
                                810 916, March 2008); and
                                    ``(II) Red Light Camera Systems 
                                Operational Guidelines (FHWA-SA-05-002, 
                                January 2005).'';
            (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:

    ``(g) Restriction.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
authorize the appropriation or expenditure of funds for highway 
construction, maintenance, or design (other than design of safety 
features of highways to be incorporated into guidelines).'';
            (4) in subsection (k)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Electronic submission.--The Secretary, in coordination 
        with the Governors Highway Safety Association, shall develop 
        procedures to allow States to submit highway safety plans under 
        this subsection, including any attachments to the plans, in 
        electronic form.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (6)(A), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``45 days''; and
            (5) in subsection (m)(2)(B)--
                    (A) in clause (vii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (viii) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ix) increase driver awareness of commercial 
                      motor vehicles to prevent crashes and reduce 
                      injuries and fatalities; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1500]]

                          ``(x) support for school-based driver's 
                      education classes to improve teen knowledge 
                      about--
                                    ``(I) safe driving practices; and
                                    ``(II) State graduated driving 
                                license requirements, including behind-
                                the-wheel training required to meet 
                                those requirements.''.
SEC. 4003. HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 403 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``may'' and 
                inserting ``shall'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Funding.--The Secretary shall obligate from funds made 
        available to carry out this section for the period covering 
        fiscal years 2017 through 2020 not more than $21,248,000 to 
        conduct the research described in paragraph (1).'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``If the 
                Administrator utilizes the authority under paragraph 
                (1), the'' and inserting ``The''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4) by striking ``If the 
                Administrator conducts the research authorized under 
                paragraph (1), the'' and inserting ``The''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(i) Limitation on Drug and Alcohol Survey Data.--The Secretary 
shall establish procedures and guidelines to ensure that any person 
participating in a program or activity that collects data on drug or 
alcohol use by drivers of motor vehicles and is carried out under this 
section is informed that the program or activity is voluntary.
    ``(j) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of any project 
or activity carried out under this section may be not more than 100 
percent.''.
SEC. 4004. HIGH-VISIBILITY ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 404 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 404. High-visibility enforcement program

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish and administer a 
program under which not less than 3 campaigns will be carried out in 
each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of each campaign carried out under this 
section shall be to achieve outcomes related to not less than 1 of the 
following objectives:
            ``(1) Reduce alcohol-impaired or drug-impaired operation of 
        motor vehicles.
            ``(2) Increase use of seatbelts by occupants of motor 
        vehicles.

    ``(c) Advertising.--The Secretary may use, or authorize the use of, 
funds available to carry out this section to pay for the development, 
production, and use of broadcast and print media advertising and 
Internet-based outreach in carrying out campaigns under this section. In 
allocating such funds, consideration shall be given to advertising 
directed at non-English speaking populations, including those who listen 
to, read, or watch nontraditional media.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1501]]

    ``(d) Coordination With States.--The Secretary shall coordinate with 
States in carrying out the campaigns under this section, including 
advertising funded under subsection (c), with consideration given to--
            ``(1) relying on States to provide law enforcement resources 
        for the campaigns out of funding made available under sections 
        402 and 405; and
            ``(2) providing, out of National Highway Traffic Safety 
        Administration resources, most of the means necessary for 
        national advertising and education efforts associated with the 
        campaigns.

    ``(e) Use of Funds.--Funds made available to carry out this section 
may be used only for activities described in subsection (c).
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Campaign.--The term `campaign' means a high-visibility 
        traffic safety law enforcement campaign.
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 401.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 4 of title 23, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 401.>> is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 404 and inserting the following:

``404. High-visibility enforcement program.''.

SEC. 4005. NATIONAL PRIORITY SAFETY PROGRAMS.

    (a) General Authority.--Section 405(a) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) General Authority.--Subject to the requirements of this 
section, the Secretary shall manage programs to address national 
priorities for reducing highway deaths and injuries. Funds shall be 
allocated according to the following:
            ``(1) Occupant protection.--In each fiscal year, 13 percent 
        of the funds provided under this section shall be allocated 
        among States that adopt and implement effective occupant 
        protection programs to reduce highway deaths and injuries 
        resulting from individuals riding unrestrained or improperly 
        restrained in motor vehicles (as described in subsection (b)).
            ``(2) State traffic safety information system 
        improvements.--In each fiscal year, 14.5 percent of the funds 
        provided under this section shall be allocated among States that 
        meet requirements with respect to State traffic safety 
        information system improvements (as described in subsection 
        (c)).
            ``(3) Impaired driving countermeasures.--In each fiscal 
        year, 52.5 percent of the funds provided under this section 
        shall be allocated among States that meet requirements with 
        respect to impaired driving countermeasures (as described in 
        subsection (d)).
            ``(4) Distracted driving.--In each fiscal year, 8.5 percent 
        of the funds provided under this section shall be allocated 
        among States that adopt and implement effective laws to reduce 
        distracted driving (as described in subsection (e)).
            ``(5) Motorcyclist safety.--In each fiscal year, 1.5 percent 
        of the funds provided under this section shall be allocated 
        among States that implement motorcyclist safety programs (as 
        described in subsection (f)).

[[Page 129 STAT. 1502]]

            ``(6) State graduated driver licensing laws.--In each fiscal 
        year, 5 percent of the funds provided under this section shall 
        be allocated among States that adopt and implement graduated 
        driver licensing laws (as described in subsection (g)).
            ``(7) Nonmotorized safety.--In each fiscal year, 5 percent 
        of the funds provided under this section shall be allocated 
        among States that meet requirements with respect to nonmotorized 
        safety (as described in subsection (h)).
            ``(8) Transfers.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through 
        (7), the Secretary shall reallocate, before the last day of any 
        fiscal year, any amounts remaining available to carry out any of 
        the activities described in subsections (b) through (h) to 
        increase the amount made available under section 402, in order 
        to ensure, to the maximum extent possible, that all such amounts 
        are obligated during such fiscal year.
            ``(9) Maintenance of effort.--
                    ``(A) Certification.--As part of the grant 
                application required in section 402(k)(3)(F), a State 
                receiving a grant in any fiscal year under subsection 
                (b), (c), or (d) of this section shall provide 
                certification that the lead State agency responsible for 
                programs described in any of those subsections is 
                maintaining aggregate expenditures at or above the 
                average level of such expenditures in the 2 fiscal years 
                prior to the date of enactment of the FAST Act.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--Upon the request of a State, the 
                Secretary may waive or modify the requirements under 
                subparagraph (A) for not more than 1 fiscal year if the 
                Secretary determines that such a waiver would be 
                equitable due to exceptional or uncontrollable 
                circumstances.
            ``(10) Political subdivisions.--A State may provide the 
        funds awarded under this section to a political subdivision of 
        the State or an Indian tribal government.''.

    (b) High Seatbelt Use Rate.--Section 405(b)(4)(B) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``75 percent'' and inserting 
``100 percent''.
    (c) Impaired Driving Countermeasures.--Section 405(d) of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
            ``(4) Use of grant amounts.--
                    ``(A) Required programs.--High-range States shall 
                use grant funds for--
                          ``(i) high-visibility enforcement efforts; and
                          ``(ii) any of the activities described in 
                      subparagraph (B) if--
                                    ``(I) the activity is described in 
                                the statewide plan; and
                                    ``(II) the Secretary approves the 
                                use of funding for such activity.
                    ``(B) Authorized programs.--Medium-range and low-
                range States may use grant funds for--
                          ``(i) any of the purposes described in 
                      subparagraph (A);
                          ``(ii) hiring a full-time or part-time 
                      impaired driving coordinator of the State's 
                      activities to address the enforcement and 
                      adjudication of laws regarding

[[Page 129 STAT. 1503]]

                      driving while impaired by alcohol, drugs, or the 
                      combination of alcohol and drugs;
                          ``(iii) court support of high-visibility 
                      enforcement efforts, training and education of 
                      criminal justice professionals (including law 
                      enforcement, prosecutors, judges, and probation 
                      officers) to assist such professionals in handling 
                      impaired driving cases, hiring traffic safety 
                      resource prosecutors, hiring judicial outreach 
                      liaisons, and establishing driving while 
                      intoxicated courts;
                          ``(iv) alcohol ignition interlock programs;
                          ``(v) improving blood-alcohol concentration 
                      testing and reporting;
                          ``(vi) paid and earned media in support of 
                      high-visibility enforcement efforts, conducting 
                      standardized field sobriety training, advanced 
                      roadside impaired driving evaluation training, and 
                      drug recognition expert training for law 
                      enforcement, and equipment and related 
                      expenditures used in connection with impaired 
                      driving enforcement in accordance with criteria 
                      established by the National Highway Traffic Safety 
                      Administration;
                          ``(vii) training on the use of alcohol and 
                      drug screening and brief intervention;
                          ``(viii) training for and implementation of 
                      impaired driving assessment programs or other 
                      tools designed to increase the probability of 
                      identifying the recidivism risk of a person 
                      convicted of driving under the influence of 
                      alcohol, drugs, or a combination of alcohol and 
                      drugs and to determine the most effective mental 
                      health or substance abuse treatment or sanction 
                      that will reduce such risk;
                          ``(ix) developing impaired driving information 
                      systems; and
                          ``(x) costs associated with a 24-7 sobriety 
                      program.
                    ``(C) Other programs.--Low-range States may use 
                grant funds for any expenditure designed to reduce 
                impaired driving based on problem identification and may 
                use not more than 50 percent of funds made available 
                under this subsection for any project or activity 
                eligible for funding under section 402. Medium-range and 
                high-range States may use funds for any expenditure 
                designed to reduce impaired driving based on problem 
                identification upon approval by the Secretary.'';
            (2) in paragraph (6)--
                    (A) by amending the paragraph heading to read as 
                follows: ``Additional grants.--'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by amending the subparagraph 
                heading to read as follows: ``Grants to states with 
                alcohol-ignition interlock laws.--'';
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) 
                as subparagraphs (C) through (E), respectively;
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (A), the 
                following:
                    ``(B) Grants to states with 24-7 sobriety 
                programs.--The Secretary shall make a separate grant 
                under this subsection to each State that--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1504]]

                          ``(i) adopts and is enforcing a law that 
                      requires all individuals convicted of driving 
                      under the influence of alcohol or of driving while 
                      intoxicated to receive a restriction on driving 
                      privileges; and
                          ``(ii) provides a 24-7 sobriety program.'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated, by 
                inserting ``and subparagraph (B)'' after ``subparagraph 
                (A)'';
                    (F) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated, by 
                inserting ``and subparagraph (B)'' after ``subparagraph 
                (A)'';
                    (G) by amending subparagraph (E), as redesignated, 
                to read as follows:
                    ``(E) Funding.--
                          ``(i) Funding for grants to states with 
                      alcohol-ignition interlock laws.--Not more than 12 
                      percent of the amounts made available to carry out 
                      this subsection in a fiscal year shall be made 
                      available by the Secretary for making grants under 
                      subparagraph (A).
                          ``(ii) Funding for grants to states with 24-7 
                      sobriety programs.--Not more than 3 percent of the 
                      amounts made available to carry out this 
                      subsection in a fiscal year shall be made 
                      available by the Secretary for making grants under 
                      subparagraph (B).''; and
                    (H) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) Exceptions.--A State alcohol-ignition 
                interlock law under subparagraph (A) may include 
                exceptions for the following circumstances:
                          ``(i) The individual is required to operate an 
                      employer's motor vehicle in the course and scope 
                      of employment and the business entity that owns 
                      the vehicle is not owned or controlled by the 
                      individual.
                          ``(ii) The individual is certified by a 
                      medical doctor as being unable to provide a deep 
                      lung breath sample for analysis by an ignition 
                      interlock device.
                          ``(iii) A State-certified ignition interlock 
                      provider is not available within 100 miles of the 
                      individual's residence.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (7)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i)--
                                    (I) by striking ``or a State 
                                agency'' and inserting ``or an agency 
                                with jurisdiction''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``bond,'' before 
                                ``sentence'';
                          (ii) in clause (i) by striking ``who plead 
                      guilty or'' and inserting ``who was arrested for, 
                      plead guilty to, or''; and
                          (iii) in clause (ii)(I) by inserting ``at a 
                      testing location'' after ``per day''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking the second 
                period at the end.

    (d) Distracted Driving Grants.--Section 405(e) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Distracted Driving Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall award a grant under 
        this subsection to any State that includes distracted driving 
        awareness as part of the State's driver's license examination,

[[Page 129 STAT. 1505]]

        and enacts and enforces a law that meets the requirements set 
        forth in paragraphs (2) and (3).
            ``(2) Prohibition on texting while driving.--A State law 
        meets the requirements set forth in this paragraph if the law--
                    ``(A) prohibits a driver from texting through a 
                personal wireless communications device while driving;
                    ``(B) makes violation of the law a primary offense;
                    ``(C) establishes a minimum fine for a violation of 
                the law; and
                    ``(D) does not provide for an exemption that 
                specifically allows a driver to text through a personal 
                wireless communication device while stopped in traffic.
            ``(3) Prohibition on youth cell phone use while driving or 
        stopped in traffic.--A State law meets the requirements set 
        forth in this paragraph if the law--
                    ``(A) prohibits a driver from using a personal 
                wireless communications device while driving if the 
                driver is--
                          ``(i) younger than 18 years of age; or
                          ``(ii) in the learner's permit or intermediate 
                      license stage set forth in subsection (g)(2)(B);
                    ``(B) makes violation of the law a primary offense;
                    ``(C) establishes a minimum fine for a violation of 
                the law; and
                    ``(D) does not provide for an exemption that 
                specifically allows a driver to text through a personal 
                wireless communication device while stopped in traffic.
            ``(4) Permitted exceptions.--A law that meets the 
        requirements set forth in paragraph (2) or (3) may provide 
        exceptions for--
                    ``(A) a driver who uses a personal wireless 
                communications device to contact emergency services;
                    ``(B) emergency services personnel who use a 
                personal wireless communications device while--
                          ``(i) operating an emergency services vehicle; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) engaged in the performance of their 
                      duties as emergency services personnel;
                    ``(C) an individual employed as a commercial motor 
                vehicle driver or a school bus driver who uses a 
                personal wireless communications device within the scope 
                of such individual's employment if such use is permitted 
                under the regulations promulgated pursuant to section 
                31136 of title 49; and
                    ``(D) any additional exceptions determined by the 
                Secretary through a rulemaking process.
            ``(5) Use of grant funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), amounts received by a State under this 
                subsection shall be used--
                          ``(i) to educate the public through 
                      advertising containing information about the 
                      dangers of texting or using a cell phone while 
                      driving;
                          ``(ii) for traffic signs that notify drivers 
                      about the distracted driving law of the State; or
                          ``(iii) for law enforcement costs related to 
                      the enforcement of the distracted driving law.
                    ``(B) Flexibility.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1506]]

                                    ``(i) Not more than 50 percent of 
                                amounts received by a State under this 
                                subsection may be used for any eligible 
                                project or activity under section 402.
                                    ``(ii) Not more than 75 percent of 
                                amounts received by a State under this 
                                subsection may be used for any eligible 
                                project or activity under section 402 if 
                                the State has conformed its distracted 
                                driving data to the most recent Model 
                                Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria published 
                                by the Secretary.
            ``(6) Additional distracted driving grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), 
                for each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018, the Secretary 
                shall use up to 25 percent of the amounts available for 
                grants under this subsection to award grants to any 
                State that--
                          ``(i) in fiscal year 2017--
                                    ``(I) certifies that it has enacted 
                                a basic text messaging statute that--
                                            ``(aa) is applicable to 
                                        drivers of all ages; and
                                            ``(bb) makes violation of 
                                        the basic text messaging statute 
                                        a primary offense or secondary 
                                        enforcement action as allowed by 
                                        State statute; and
                                    ``(II) is otherwise ineligible for a 
                                grant under this subsection; and
                          ``(ii) in fiscal year 2018--
                                    ``(I) certifies that it has enacted 
                                a basic text messaging statute that--
                                            ``(aa) is applicable to 
                                        drivers of all ages; and
                                            ``(bb) makes violation of 
                                        the basic text messaging statute 
                                        a primary offense;
                                    ``(II) imposes fines for violations;
                                    ``(III) has a statute that prohibits 
                                drivers who are younger than 18 years of 
                                age from using a personal wireless 
                                communications device while driving; and
                                    ``(IV) is otherwise ineligible for a 
                                grant under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Use of grant funds.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
                      (5) and subject to clauses (ii) and (iii) of this 
                      subparagraph, amounts received by a State under 
                      subparagraph (A) may be used for activities 
                      related to the enforcement of distracted driving 
                      laws, including for public information and 
                      awareness purposes.
                          ``(ii) Fiscal year 2017.--In fiscal year 2017, 
                      up to 15 percent of the amounts received by a 
                      State under subparagraph (A) may be used for any 
                      eligible project or activity under section 402.
                          ``(iii) Fiscal year 2018.--In fiscal year 
                      2018, up to 25 percent of the amounts received by 
                      a State under subparagraph (A) may be used for any 
                      eligible project or activity under section 402.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1507]]

            ``(7) Allocation to support state distracted driving laws.--
        Of the amounts available under this subsection in a fiscal year 
        for distracted driving grants, the Secretary may expend not more 
        than $5,000,000 for the development and placement of broadcast 
        media to reduce distracted driving of motor vehicles.
            ``(8) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a 
        State under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in 
        proportion to the State's apportionment under section 402 for 
        fiscal year 2009.
            ``(9) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Driving.--The term `driving'--
                          ``(i) means operating a motor vehicle on a 
                      public road; and
                          ``(ii) does not include operating a motor 
                      vehicle when the vehicle has pulled over to the 
                      side of, or off, an active roadway and has stopped 
                      in a location where it can safely remain 
                      stationary.
                    ``(B) Personal wireless communications device.--The 
                term `personal wireless communications device'--
                          ``(i) means a device through which personal 
                      wireless services (as defined in section 
                      332(c)(7)(C)(i) of the Communications Act of 1934 
                      (47 U.S.C. 332(c)(7)(C)(i))) are transmitted; and
                          ``(ii) does not include a global navigation 
                      satellite system receiver used for positioning, 
                      emergency notification, or navigation purposes.
                    ``(C) Primary offense.--The term `primary offense' 
                means an offense for which a law enforcement officer may 
                stop a vehicle solely for the purpose of issuing a 
                citation in the absence of evidence of another offense.
                    ``(D) Public road.--The term `public road' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 402(c).
                    ``(E) Texting.--The term `texting' means reading 
                from or manually entering data into a personal wireless 
                communications device, including doing so for the 
                purpose of SMS texting, emailing, instant messaging, or 
                engaging in any other form of electronic data retrieval 
                or electronic data communication.''.

    (e) Motorcyclist Safety.--Section 405(f) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a 
        State under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in 
        proportion to the State's apportionment under section 402 for 
        fiscal year 2009, except that the amount of a grant awarded to a 
        State for a fiscal year may not exceed 25 percent of the amount 
        apportioned to the State under such section for fiscal year 
        2009.'';
            (2) in paragraph (4) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Flexibility.--Not more than 50 percent of 
                grant funds received by a State under this subsection 
                may be used for any eligible project or activity under 
                section 402 if the State is in the lowest 25 percent of 
                all States for motorcycle deaths per 10,000 motorcycle 
                registrations

[[Page 129 STAT. 1508]]

                based on the most recent data that conforms with 
                criteria established by the Secretary.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Share-the-road model language.--Not later than 1 year 
        after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary 
        shall update and provide to the States model language, for use 
        in traffic safety education courses, driver's manuals, and other 
        driver training materials, that provides instruction for drivers 
        of motor vehicles on the importance of sharing the road safely 
        with motorcyclists.''.

    (f) Minimum Requirements for State Graduated Driver Licensing 
Incentive Grant Program.--Section 405(g) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``21'' and 
                inserting ``18''; and
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
                    ``(B) Licensing process.--A State is in compliance 
                with the 2-stage licensing process described in this 
                subparagraph if the State's driver's license laws 
                include--
                          ``(i) a learner's permit stage that--
                                    ``(I) is at least 6 months in 
                                duration;
                                    ``(II) contains a prohibition on the 
                                driver using a personal wireless 
                                communications device (as defined in 
                                subsection (e)) while driving except 
                                under an exception permitted under 
                                paragraph (4) of that subsection, and 
                                makes a violation of the prohibition a 
                                primary offense;
                                    ``(III) requires applicants to 
                                successfully pass a vision and knowledge 
                                assessment prior to receiving a 
                                learner's permit;
                                    ``(IV) requires that the driver be 
                                accompanied and supervised at all times 
                                while the driver is operating a motor 
                                vehicle by a licensed driver who is at 
                                least 21 years of age or is a State-
                                certified driving instructor;
                                    ``(V) has a requirement that the 
                                driver--
                                            ``(aa) complete a State-
                                        certified driver education or 
                                        training course; or
                                            ``(bb) obtain at least 50 
                                        hours of behind-the-wheel 
                                        training, with at least 10 hours 
                                        at night, with a licensed 
                                        driver; and
                                    ``(VI) remains in effect until the 
                                driver--
                                            ``(aa) reaches 16 years of 
                                        age and enters the intermediate 
                                        stage; or
                                            ``(bb) reaches 18 years of 
                                        age;
                          ``(ii) an intermediate stage that--
                                    ``(I) commences immediately after 
                                the expiration of the learner's permit 
                                stage and successful completion of a 
                                driving skills assessment;
                                    ``(II) is at least 6 months in 
                                duration;
                                    ``(III) prohibits the driver from 
                                using a personal wireless communications 
                                device (as defined in subsection (e)) 
                                while driving except under an exception 
                                permitted under paragraph (4) of that 
                                subsection, and makes a violation of the 
                                prohibition a primary offense;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1509]]

                                    ``(IV) for the first 6 months of the 
                                intermediate stage, restricts driving at 
                                night between the hours of 10:00 p.m. 
                                and 5:00 a.m. when not supervised by a 
                                licensed driver 21 years of age or 
                                older, excluding transportation to work, 
                                school, religious activities, or 
                                emergencies;
                                    ``(V) prohibits the driver from 
                                operating a motor vehicle with more than 
                                1 nonfamilial passenger younger than 21 
                                years of age unless a licensed driver 
                                who is at least 21 years of age is in 
                                the motor vehicle; and
                                    ``(VI) remains in effect until the 
                                driver reaches 17 years of age; and
                          ``(iii) learner's permit and intermediate 
                      stages that each require, in addition to any other 
                      penalties imposed by State law, that the granting 
                      of an unrestricted driver's license be 
                      automatically delayed for any individual who, 
                      during the learner's permit or intermediate stage, 
                      is convicted of a driving-related offense during 
                      the first 6 months, including--
                                    ``(I) driving while intoxicated;
                                    ``(II) misrepresentation of the 
                                individual's age;
                                    ``(III) reckless driving;
                                    ``(IV) driving without wearing a 
                                seat belt;
                                    ``(V) speeding; or
                                    ``(VI) any other driving-related 
                                offense, as determined by the 
                                Secretary.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Special rule.--Notwithstanding paragraph (5), up to 
        100 percent of grant funds received by a State under this 
        subsection may be used for any eligible project or activity 
        under section 402, if the State is in the lowest 25 percent of 
        all States for the number of drivers under age 18 involved in 
        fatal crashes in the State per the total number of drivers under 
        age 18 in the State based on the most recent data that conforms 
        with criteria established by the Secretary.''.

    (g) Nonmotorized Safety.--Section 405 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Nonmotorized Safety.--
            ``(1) General authority.--Subject to the requirements under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall award grants to States for 
        the purpose of decreasing pedestrian and bicycle fatalities and 
        injuries that result from crashes involving a motor vehicle.
            ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project carried out by a State using amounts from a grant 
        awarded under this subsection may not exceed 80 percent.
            ``(3) Eligibility.--A State shall receive a grant under this 
        subsection in a fiscal year if the annual combined pedestrian 
        and bicycle fatalities in the State exceed 15 percent of the 
        total annual crash fatalities in the State, based on the most 
        recently reported final data from the Fatality Analysis 
        Reporting System.
            ``(4) Use of grant amounts.--Grant funds received by a State 
        under this subsection may be used for--
                    ``(A) training of law enforcement officials on State 
                laws applicable to pedestrian and bicycle safety;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1510]]

                    ``(B) enforcement mobilizations and campaigns 
                designed to enforce State traffic laws applicable to 
                pedestrian and bicycle safety; and
                    ``(C) public education and awareness programs 
                designed to inform motorists, pedestrians, and 
                bicyclists of State traffic laws applicable to 
                pedestrian and bicycle safety.
            ``(5) Grant amount.--The allocation of grant funds to a 
        State under this subsection for a fiscal year shall be in 
        proportion to the State's apportionment under section 402 for 
        fiscal year 2009.''.
SEC. 4006. TRACKING PROCESS.

    Section 412 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(f) Tracking Process.--The Secretary shall develop a process to 
identify and mitigate possible systemic issues across States and 
regional offices by reviewing oversight findings and recommended actions 
identified in triennial State management reviews.''.
SEC. 4007. <<NOTE: 23 USC 153 note.>> STOP MOTORCYCLE CHECKPOINT 
                          FUNDING.

    Notwithstanding section 153 of title 23, United States Code, the 
Secretary may not provide a grant or any funds to a State, county, town, 
township, Indian tribe, municipality, or other local government that may 
be used for any program--
            (1) to check helmet usage; or
            (2) to create checkpoints that specifically target 
        motorcycle operators or motorcycle passengers.
SEC. 4008. MARIJUANA-IMPAIRED DRIVING.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with the heads of other 
Federal agencies as appropriate, shall conduct a study on marijuana-
impaired driving.
    (b) Issues To Be Examined.--In conducting the study, the Secretary 
shall examine, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) Methods to detect marijuana-impaired driving, including 
        devices capable of measuring marijuana levels in motor vehicle 
        operators.
            (2) A review of impairment standard research for driving 
        under the influence of marijuana.
            (3) Methods to differentiate the cause of a driving 
        impairment between alcohol and marijuana.
            (4) State-based policies on marijuana-impaired driving.
            (5) The role and extent of marijuana impairment in motor 
        vehicle accidents.

    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with other 
        Federal agencies as appropriate, shall submit to the Committee 
        on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate a report on the results of the 
        study.
            (2) Contents.--The report shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following:
                    (A) Findings.--The findings of the Secretary based 
                on the study, including, at a minimum, the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1511]]

                          (i) An assessment of methodologies and 
                      technologies for measuring driver impairment 
                      resulting from the use of marijuana, including the 
                      use of marijuana in combination with alcohol.
                          (ii) A description and assessment of the role 
                      of marijuana as a causal factor in traffic crashes 
                      and the extent of the problem of marijuana-
                      impaired driving.
                          (iii) A description and assessment of current 
                      State laws relating to marijuana-impaired driving.
                          (iv) A determination whether an impairment 
                      standard for drivers under the influence of 
                      marijuana is feasible and could reduce vehicle 
                      accidents and save lives.
                    (B) Recommendations.--The recommendations of the 
                Secretary based on the study, including, at a minimum, 
                the following:
                          (i) Effective and efficient methods for 
                      training law enforcement personnel, including drug 
                      recognition experts, to detect or measure the 
                      level of impairment of a motor vehicle operator 
                      who is under the influence of marijuana by the use 
                      of technology or otherwise.
                          (ii) If feasible, an impairment standard for 
                      driving under the influence of marijuana.
                          (iii) Methodologies for increased data 
                      collection regarding the prevalence and effects of 
                      marijuana-impaired driving.

    (d) Marijuana Defined.--In this section, the term ``marijuana'' 
includes all substances containing tetrahydrocannabinol.
SEC. 4009. <<NOTE: 23 USC 402 note.>> INCREASING PUBLIC AWARENESS 
                          OF THE DANGERS OF DRUG-IMPAIRED DRIVING.

    (a) Additional Actions.--The Administrator of the National Highway 
Traffic Safety Administration, in consultation with the White House 
Office of National Drug Control Policy, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, State highway safety offices, and other interested 
parties, as determined by the Administrator, shall identify and carry 
out additional actions that should be undertaken by the Administration 
to assist States in their efforts to increase public awareness of the 
dangers of drug-impaired driving, including the dangers of driving while 
under the influence of heroin or prescription opioids.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report that describes the additional actions undertaken by the 
Administration pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 4010. <<NOTE: 23 USC 405 note.>> NATIONAL PRIORITY SAFETY 
                          PROGRAM GRANT ELIGIBILITY.

    Not later than 60 days after the date on which the Secretary awards 
grants under section 405 of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary 
shall make available on a publicly available Internet Web site of the 
Department of Transportation--
            (1) an identification of--
                    (A) the States that were awarded grants under such 
                section;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1512]]

                    (B) the States that applied and were not awarded 
                grants under such section; and
                    (C) the States that did not apply for a grant under 
                such section; and
            (2) a list of deficiencies that made a State ineligible for 
        a grant under such section for each State under paragraph 
        (1)(B).
SEC. 4011. DATA COLLECTION.

    Section 1906 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 402 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``(A) has enacted'' and all that 
                follows through ``(B) is maintaining'' and inserting 
                ``is maintaining''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and any passengers'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Use of Grant Funds.--A grant received by a State under 
subsection (a) shall be used by the State for the costs of--
            ``(1) collecting and maintaining data on traffic stops; and
            ``(2) evaluating the results of the data.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (c) and redesignating subsections 
        (d) and (e) as subsections (c) and (d), respectively;
            (4) in subsection (c)(2), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``A State'' and inserting ``On or after October 1, 2015, a 
        State''; and
            (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by striking 
                ``Authorization of Appropriations'' and inserting 
                ``Funding'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--From funds made available under section 
        403 of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary shall set 
        aside $7,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020 to 
        carry out this section.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``authorized by'' and 
                      inserting ``made available under''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``percent,'' and all that 
                      follows through the period at the end and 
                      inserting ``percent.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Other uses.--The Secretary may reallocate, before the 
        last day of any fiscal year, amounts remaining available under 
        paragraph (1) to increase the amounts made available to carry 
        out any of other activities authorized under section 403 of 
        title 23, United States Code, in order to ensure, to the maximum 
        extent possible, that all such amounts are obligated during such 
        fiscal year.''.
SEC. 4012. STUDY ON THE NATIONAL ROADSIDE SURVEY OF ALCOHOL AND 
                          DRUG USE BY DRIVERS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date on which the Comptroller 
General of the United States reviews and reports on the overall value of 
the National Roadside Survey to researchers and other public safety 
stakeholders, the differences between a National Roadside Survey site 
and typical law enforcement checkpoints, and the

[[Page 129 STAT. 1513]]

effectiveness of the National Roadside Survey methodology at protecting 
the privacy of the driving public, as requested by the Committee on 
Appropriations of the Senate on June 5, 2014 (Senate Report 113-182), 
the Secretary shall report to Congress on the National Highway Traffic 
Safety Administration's progress toward reviewing that report and 
implementing any recommendations made in that report.
SEC. 4013. BARRIERS TO DATA COLLECTION REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 
shall submit a report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives that--
            (1) identifies any legal and technical barriers to capturing 
        adequate data on the prevalence of the use of wireless 
        communications devices while driving; and
            (2) provides recommendations on how to address such 
        barriers.
SEC. 4014. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    Title 23, United States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 402 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                      ``paragraph (3)'' and inserting ``paragraph (2)''; 
                      and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (E)--
                                    (I) by striking ``in which'' and 
                                inserting ``for which''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``under subsection 
                                (f)'' and inserting ``under subsection 
                                (k)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (k)(5), as redesignated by this 
                Act, by striking ``under paragraph (2)(A)'' and 
                inserting ``under paragraph (3)(A)''.
            (2) Section 403(e) is amended by striking ``chapter 301'' 
        and inserting ``chapter 301 of title 49''.
            (3) Section 405 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)--
                          (i) in paragraph (5) by striking ``under 
                      section 402(c)'' and inserting ``under section 
                      402''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (6)(D), as redesignated by 
                      this Act, by striking ``on the basis of the 
                      apportionment formula set forth in section 
                      402(c)'' and inserting ``in proportion to the 
                      State's apportionment under section 402 for fiscal 
                      year 2009''; and
                    (B) in subsection (f)(4)(A)(iv)--
                          (i) by striking ``such as the'' and inserting 
                      ``including''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``developed under subsection 
                      (g)''.
SEC. 4015. <<NOTE: 23 USC 164 note.>> EFFECTIVE DATE FOR CERTAIN 
                          PROGRAMS.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, except for the 
technical corrections in section 4014, the amendments made by this Act 
to sections 164, 402, and 405 of title 23, United States Code, shall be 
effective on October 1, 2016.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1514]]

                      TITLE V--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

          Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grant Consolidation

SEC. 5101. GRANTS TO STATES.

    (a) Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program.--Section 31102 of title 
49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 31102. Motor carrier safety assistance program

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall administer 
a motor carrier safety assistance program funded under section 31104.
    ``(b) Goal.--The goal of the program is to ensure that the 
Secretary, States, local governments, other political jurisdictions, 
federally recognized Indian tribes, and other persons work in 
partnership to establish programs to improve motor carrier, commercial 
motor vehicle, and driver safety to support a safe and efficient surface 
transportation system by--
            ``(1) making targeted investments to promote safe commercial 
        motor vehicle transportation, including the transportation of 
        passengers and hazardous materials;
            ``(2) investing in activities likely to generate maximum 
        reductions in the number and severity of commercial motor 
        vehicle crashes and in fatalities resulting from such crashes;
            ``(3) adopting and enforcing effective motor carrier, 
        commercial motor vehicle, and driver safety regulations and 
        practices consistent with Federal requirements; and
            ``(4) assessing and improving statewide performance by 
        setting program goals and meeting performance standards, 
        measures, and benchmarks.

    ``(c) State Plans.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the program, the 
        Secretary shall prescribe procedures for a State to submit a 
        multiple-year plan, and annual updates thereto, under which the 
        State agrees to assume responsibility for improving motor 
        carrier safety by adopting and enforcing State regulations, 
        standards, and orders that are compatible with the regulations, 
        standards, and orders of the Federal Government on commercial 
        motor vehicle safety and hazardous materials transportation 
        safety.
            ``(2) Contents.--The Secretary shall approve a State plan if 
        the Secretary determines that the plan is adequate to comply 
        with the requirements of this section, and the plan--
                    ``(A) implements performance-based activities, 
                including deployment and maintenance of technology to 
                enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of commercial 
                motor vehicle safety programs;
                    ``(B) designates a lead State commercial motor 
                vehicle safety agency responsible for administering the 
                plan throughout the State;
                    ``(C) contains satisfactory assurances that the lead 
                State commercial motor vehicle safety agency has or will

[[Page 129 STAT. 1515]]

                have the legal authority, resources, and qualified 
                personnel necessary to enforce the regulations, 
                standards, and orders;
                    ``(D) contains satisfactory assurances that the 
                State will devote adequate resources to the 
                administration of the plan and enforcement of the 
                regulations, standards, and orders;
                    ``(E) provides a right of entry (or other method a 
                State may use that the Secretary determines is adequate 
                to obtain necessary information) and inspection to carry 
                out the plan;
                    ``(F) provides that all reports required under this 
                section be available to the Secretary on request;
                    ``(G) provides that the lead State commercial motor 
                vehicle safety agency will adopt the reporting 
                requirements and use the forms for recordkeeping, 
                inspections, and investigations that the Secretary 
                prescribes;
                    ``(H) requires all registrants of commercial motor 
                vehicles to demonstrate knowledge of applicable safety 
                regulations, standards, and orders of the Federal 
                Government and the State;
                    ``(I) provides that the State will grant maximum 
                reciprocity for inspections conducted under the North 
                American Inspection Standards through the use of a 
                nationally accepted system that allows ready 
                identification of previously inspected commercial motor 
                vehicles;
                    ``(J) ensures that activities described in 
                subsection (h), if financed through grants to the State 
                made under this section, will not diminish the 
                effectiveness of the development and implementation of 
                the programs to improve motor carrier, commercial motor 
                vehicle, and driver safety as described in subsection 
                (b);
                    ``(K) ensures that the lead State commercial motor 
                vehicle safety agency will coordinate the plan, data 
                collection, and information systems with the State 
                highway safety improvement program required under 
                section 148(c) of title 23;
                    ``(L) ensures participation in appropriate Federal 
                Motor Carrier Safety Administration information 
                technology and data systems and other information 
                systems by all appropriate jurisdictions receiving motor 
                carrier safety assistance program funding;
                    ``(M) ensures that information is exchanged among 
                the States in a timely manner;
                    ``(N) provides satisfactory assurances that the 
                State will undertake efforts that will emphasize and 
                improve enforcement of State and local traffic safety 
                laws and regulations related to commercial motor vehicle 
                safety;
                    ``(O) provides satisfactory assurances that the 
                State will address national priorities and performance 
                goals, including--
                          ``(i) activities aimed at removing impaired 
                      commercial motor vehicle drivers from the highways 
                      of the United States through adequate enforcement 
                      of regulations on the use of alcohol and 
                      controlled substances and by ensuring ready 
                      roadside access to alcohol detection and measuring 
                      equipment;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1516]]

                          ``(ii) activities aimed at providing an 
                      appropriate level of training to State motor 
                      carrier safety assistance program officers and 
                      employees on recognizing drivers impaired by 
                      alcohol or controlled substances; and
                          ``(iii) when conducted with an appropriate 
                      commercial motor vehicle inspection, criminal 
                      interdiction activities, and appropriate 
                      strategies for carrying out those interdiction 
                      activities, including interdiction activities that 
                      affect the transportation of controlled substances 
                      (as defined in section 102 of the Comprehensive 
                      Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 (21 
                      U.S.C. 802) and listed in part 1308 of title 21, 
                      Code of Federal Regulations, as updated and 
                      republished from time to time) by any occupant of 
                      a commercial motor vehicle;
                    ``(P) provides that the State has established and 
                dedicated sufficient resources to a program to ensure 
                that--
                          ``(i) the State collects and reports to the 
                      Secretary accurate, complete, and timely motor 
                      carrier safety data; and
                          ``(ii) the State participates in a national 
                      motor carrier safety data correction system 
                      prescribed by the Secretary;
                    ``(Q) ensures that the State will cooperate in the 
                enforcement of financial responsibility requirements 
                under sections 13906, 31138, and 31139 and regulations 
                issued under those sections;
                    ``(R) ensures consistent, effective, and reasonable 
                sanctions;
                    ``(S) ensures that roadside inspections will be 
                conducted at locations that are adequate to protect the 
                safety of drivers and enforcement personnel;
                    ``(T) provides that the State will include in the 
                training manuals for the licensing examination to drive 
                noncommercial motor vehicles and commercial motor 
                vehicles information on best practices for driving 
                safely in the vicinity of noncommercial and commercial 
                motor vehicles;
                    ``(U) provides that the State will enforce the 
                registration requirements of sections 13902 and 31134 by 
                prohibiting the operation of any vehicle discovered to 
                be operated by a motor carrier without a registration 
                issued under those sections or to be operated beyond the 
                scope of the motor carrier's registration;
                    ``(V) provides that the State will conduct 
                comprehensive and highly visible traffic enforcement and 
                commercial motor vehicle safety inspection programs in 
                high-risk locations and corridors;
                    ``(W) except in the case of an imminent hazard or 
                obvious safety hazard, ensures that an inspection of a 
                vehicle transporting passengers for a motor carrier of 
                passengers is conducted at a bus station, terminal, 
                border crossing, maintenance facility, destination, or 
                other location where a motor carrier may make a planned 
                stop (excluding a weigh station);
                    ``(X) ensures that the State will transmit to its 
                roadside inspectors notice of each Federal exemption 
                granted under section 31315(b) of this title and 
                sections 390.23 and 390.25

[[Page 129 STAT. 1517]]

                of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, and provided 
                to the State by the Secretary, including the name of the 
                person that received the exemption and any terms and 
                conditions that apply to the exemption;
                    ``(Y) except as provided in subsection (d), provides 
                that the State--
                          ``(i) will conduct safety audits of interstate 
                      and, at the State's discretion, intrastate new 
                      entrant motor carriers under section 31144(g); and
                          ``(ii) if the State authorizes a third party 
                      to conduct safety audits under section 31144(g) on 
                      its behalf, the State verifies the quality of the 
                      work conducted and remains solely responsible for 
                      the management and oversight of the activities;
                    ``(Z) provides that the State agrees to fully 
                participate in the performance and registration 
                information systems management under section 31106(b) 
                not later than October 1, 2020, by complying with the 
                conditions for participation under paragraph (3) of that 
                section, or demonstrates to the Secretary an alternative 
                approach for identifying and immobilizing a motor 
                carrier with serious safety deficiencies in a manner 
                that provides an equivalent level of safety;
                    ``(AA) in the case of a State that shares a land 
                border with another country, provides that the State--
                          ``(i) will conduct a border commercial motor 
                      vehicle safety program focusing on international 
                      commerce that includes enforcement and related 
                      projects; or
                          ``(ii) will forfeit all funds calculated by 
                      the Secretary based on border-related activities 
                      if the State declines to conduct the program 
                      described in clause (i) in its plan; and
                    ``(BB) in the case of a State that meets the other 
                requirements of this section and agrees to comply with 
                the requirements established in subsection (l)(3), 
                provides that the State may fund operation and 
                maintenance costs associated with innovative technology 
                deployment under subsection (l)(3) with motor carrier 
                safety assistance program funds authorized under section 
                31104(a)(1).
            ``(3) Publication.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall publish each approved State multiple-
                year plan, and each annual update thereto, on a 
                publically accessible Internet Web site of the 
                Department of Transportation not later than 30 days 
                after the date the Secretary approves the plan or 
                update.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--Before publishing an approved 
                State multiple-year plan or annual update under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall redact any 
                information identified by the State that, if disclosed--
                          ``(i) would reasonably be expected to 
                      interfere with enforcement proceedings; or
                          ``(ii) would reveal enforcement techniques or 
                      procedures that would reasonably be expected to 
                      risk circumvention of the law.

    ``(d) Exclusion of U.S. Territories.--The requirement that a State 
conduct safety audits of new entrant motor carriers under

[[Page 129 STAT. 1518]]

subsection (c)(2)(Y) does not apply to a territory of the United States 
unless required by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Intrastate Compatibility.--The Secretary shall prescribe 
regulations specifying tolerance guidelines and standards for ensuring 
compatibility of intrastate commercial motor vehicle safety laws, 
including regulations, with Federal motor carrier safety regulations to 
be enforced under subsections (b) and (c). To the extent practicable, 
the guidelines and standards shall allow for maximum flexibility while 
ensuring a degree of uniformity that will not diminish motor vehicle 
safety.
    ``(f) Maintenance of Effort.--
            ``(1) Baseline.--Except as provided under paragraphs (2) and 
        (3) and in accordance with section 5107 of the FAST Act, a State 
        plan under subsection (c) shall provide that the total 
        expenditure of amounts of the lead State commercial motor 
        vehicle safety agency responsible for administering the plan 
        will be maintained at a level each fiscal year that is at least 
        equal to--
                    ``(A) the average level of that expenditure for 
                fiscal years 2004 and 2005; or
                    ``(B) the level of that expenditure for the year in 
                which the Secretary implements a new allocation formula 
                under section 5106 of the FAST Act.
            ``(2) Adjusted baseline after fiscal year 2017.--At the 
        request of a State, the Secretary may evaluate additional 
        documentation related to the maintenance of effort and may make 
        reasonable adjustments to the maintenance of effort baseline 
        after the year in which the Secretary implements a new 
        allocation formula under section 5106 of the FAST Act, and this 
        adjusted baseline will replace the maintenance of effort 
        requirement under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Waivers.--At the request of a State, the Secretary may 
        waive or modify the requirements of this subsection for a total 
        of 1 fiscal year if the Secretary determines that the waiver or 
        modification is reasonable, based on circumstances described by 
        the State, to ensure the continuation of commercial motor 
        vehicle enforcement activities in the State.
            ``(4) Level of state expenditures.--In estimating the 
        average level of a State's expenditures under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary--
                    ``(A) may allow the State to exclude State 
                expenditures for federally sponsored demonstration and 
                pilot programs and strike forces;
                    ``(B) may allow the State to exclude expenditures 
                for activities related to border enforcement and new 
                entrant safety audits; and
                    ``(C) shall require the State to exclude State 
                matching amounts used to receive Federal financing under 
                section 31104.

    ``(g) Use of Unified Carrier Registration Fees Agreement.--Amounts 
generated under section 14504a and received by a State and used for 
motor carrier safety purposes may be included as part of the State's 
match required under section 31104 or maintenance of effort required by 
subsection (f).
    ``(h) Use of Grants To Enforce Other Laws.--When approved as part of 
a State's plan under subsection (c), the State

[[Page 129 STAT. 1519]]

may use motor carrier safety assistance program funds received under 
this section--
            ``(1) if the activities are carried out in conjunction with 
        an appropriate inspection of a commercial motor vehicle to 
        enforce Federal or State commercial motor vehicle safety 
        regulations, for--
                    ``(A) enforcement of commercial motor vehicle size 
                and weight limitations at locations, excluding fixed-
                weight facilities, such as near steep grades or 
                mountainous terrains, where the weight of a commercial 
                motor vehicle can significantly affect the safe 
                operation of the vehicle, or at ports where intermodal 
                shipping containers enter and leave the United States; 
                and
                    ``(B) detection of and enforcement actions taken as 
                a result of criminal activity, including the trafficking 
                of human beings, in a commercial motor vehicle or by any 
                occupant, including the operator, of the commercial 
                motor vehicle; and
            ``(2) for documented enforcement of State traffic laws and 
        regulations designed to promote the safe operation of commercial 
        motor vehicles, including documented enforcement of such laws 
        and regulations relating to noncommercial motor vehicles when 
        necessary to promote the safe operation of commercial motor 
        vehicles, if--
                    ``(A) the number of motor carrier safety activities, 
                including roadside safety inspections, conducted in the 
                State is maintained at a level at least equal to the 
                average level of such activities conducted in the State 
                in fiscal years 2004 and 2005; and
                    ``(B) the State does not use more than 10 percent of 
                the basic amount the State receives under a grant 
                awarded under section 31104(a)(1) for enforcement 
                activities relating to noncommercial motor vehicles 
                necessary to promote the safe operation of commercial 
                motor vehicles unless the Secretary determines that a 
                higher percentage will result in significant increases 
                in commercial motor vehicle safety.

    ``(i) Evaluation of Plans and Award of Grants.--
            ``(1) Awards.--The Secretary shall establish criteria for 
        the application, evaluation, and approval of State plans under 
        this section. Subject to subsection (j), the Secretary may 
        allocate the amounts made available under section 31104(a)(1) 
        among the States.
            ``(2) Opportunity to cure.--If the Secretary disapproves a 
        plan under this section, the Secretary shall give the State a 
        written explanation of the reasons for disapproval and allow the 
        State to modify and resubmit the plan for approval.

    ``(j) Allocation of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, by regulation, shall 
        prescribe allocation criteria for funds made available under 
        section 31104(a)(1).
            ``(2) Annual allocations.--On October 1 of each fiscal year, 
        or as soon as practicable thereafter, and after making a 
        deduction under section 31104(c), the Secretary shall allocate 
        amounts made available under section 31104(a)(1) to carry out 
        this section for the fiscal year among the States with

[[Page 129 STAT. 1520]]

        plans approved under this section in accordance with the 
        criteria prescribed under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Elective adjustments.--Subject to the availability of 
        funding and notwithstanding fluctuations in the data elements 
        used by the Secretary to calculate the annual allocation 
        amounts, after the creation of a new allocation formula under 
        section 5106 of the FAST Act, the Secretary may not make 
        elective adjustments to the allocation formula that decrease a 
        State's Federal funding levels by more than 3 percent in a 
        fiscal year. The 3 percent limit shall not apply to the 
        withholding provisions of subsection (k).

    ``(k) Plan Monitoring.--
            ``(1) In general.--On the basis of reports submitted by the 
        lead State agency responsible for administering a State plan 
        approved under this section and an investigation by the 
        Secretary, the Secretary shall periodically evaluate State 
        implementation of and compliance with the State plan.
            ``(2) Withholding of funds.--
                    ``(A) Disapproval.--If, after notice and an 
                opportunity to be heard, the Secretary finds that a 
                State plan previously approved under this section is not 
                being followed or has become inadequate to ensure 
                enforcement of State regulations, standards, or orders 
                described in subsection (c)(1), or the State is 
                otherwise not in compliance with the requirements of 
                this section, the Secretary may withdraw approval of the 
                State plan and notify the State. Upon the receipt of 
                such notice, the State plan shall no longer be in effect 
                and the Secretary shall withhold all funding to the 
                State under this section.
                    ``(B) Noncompliance withholding.--In lieu of 
                withdrawing approval of a State plan under subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary may, after providing notice to the 
                State and an opportunity to be heard, withhold funding 
                from the State to which the State would otherwise be 
                entitled under this section for the period of the 
                State's noncompliance. In exercising this option, the 
                Secretary may withhold--
                          ``(i) up to 5 percent of funds during the 
                      fiscal year that the Secretary notifies the State 
                      of its noncompliance;
                          ``(ii) up to 10 percent of funds for the first 
                      full fiscal year of noncompliance;
                          ``(iii) up to 25 percent of funds for the 
                      second full fiscal year of noncompliance; and
                          ``(iv) not more than 50 percent of funds for 
                      the third and any subsequent full fiscal year of 
                      noncompliance.
            ``(3) Judicial review.--A State adversely affected by a 
        determination under paragraph (2) may seek judicial review under 
        chapter 7 of title 5. Notwithstanding the disapproval of a State 
        plan under paragraph (2)(A) or the withholding of funds under 
        paragraph (2)(B), the State may retain jurisdiction in an 
        administrative or a judicial proceeding that commenced before 
        the notice of disapproval or withholding if the issues involved 
        are not related directly to the reasons for the disapproval or 
        withholding.

    ``(l) High Priority Program.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1521]]

            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall administer a high 
        priority program funded under section 31104(a)(2) for the 
        purposes described in paragraphs (2) and (3).
            ``(2) Activities related to motor carrier safety.--The 
        Secretary may make discretionary grants to and enter into 
        cooperative agreements with States, local governments, federally 
        recognized Indian tribes, other political jurisdictions as 
        necessary, and any person to carry out high priority activities 
        and projects that augment motor carrier safety activities and 
        projects planned in accordance with subsections (b) and (c), 
        including activities and projects that--
                    ``(A) increase public awareness and education on 
                commercial motor vehicle safety;
                    ``(B) target unsafe driving of commercial motor 
                vehicles and noncommercial motor vehicles in areas 
                identified as high risk crash corridors;
                    ``(C) improve the safe and secure movement of 
                hazardous materials;
                    ``(D) improve safe transportation of goods and 
                persons in foreign commerce;
                    ``(E) demonstrate new technologies to improve 
                commercial motor vehicle safety;
                    ``(F) support participation in performance and 
                registration information systems management under 
                section 31106(b)--
                          ``(i) for entities not responsible for 
                      submitting the plan under subsection (c); or
                          ``(ii) for entities responsible for submitting 
                      the plan under subsection (c)--
                                    ``(I) before October 1, 2020, to 
                                achieve compliance with the requirements 
                                of participation; and
                                    ``(II) beginning on October 1, 2020, 
                                or once compliance is achieved, 
                                whichever is sooner, for special 
                                initiatives or projects that exceed 
                                routine operations required for 
                                participation;
                    ``(G) conduct safety data improvement projects--
                          ``(i) that complete or exceed the requirements 
                      under subsection (c)(2)(P) for entities not 
                      responsible for submitting the plan under 
                      subsection (c); or
                          ``(ii) that exceed the requirements under 
                      subsection (c)(2)(P) for entities responsible for 
                      submitting the plan under subsection (c); and
                    ``(H) otherwise improve commercial motor vehicle 
                safety and compliance with commercial motor vehicle 
                safety regulations.
            ``(3) Innovative technology deployment grant program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
                innovative technology deployment grant program to make 
                discretionary grants to eligible States for the 
                innovative technology deployment of commercial motor 
                vehicle information systems and networks.
                    ``(B) Purposes.--The purposes of the program shall 
                be--
                          ``(i) to advance the technological capability 
                      and promote the deployment of intelligent 
                      transportation

[[Page 129 STAT. 1522]]

                      system applications for commercial motor vehicle 
                      operations, including commercial motor vehicle, 
                      commercial driver, and carrier-specific 
                      information systems and networks; and
                          ``(ii) to support and maintain commercial 
                      motor vehicle information systems and networks--
                                    ``(I) to link Federal motor carrier 
                                safety information systems with State 
                                commercial motor vehicle systems;
                                    ``(II) to improve the safety and 
                                productivity of commercial motor 
                                vehicles and drivers; and
                                    ``(III) to reduce costs associated 
                                with commercial motor vehicle operations 
                                and Federal and State commercial motor 
                                vehicle regulatory requirements.
                    ``(C) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a grant under 
                this paragraph, a State shall--
                          ``(i) have a commercial motor vehicle 
                      information systems and networks program plan 
                      approved by the Secretary that describes the 
                      various systems and networks at the State level 
                      that need to be refined, revised, upgraded, or 
                      built to accomplish deployment of commercial motor 
                      vehicle information systems and networks 
                      capabilities;
                          ``(ii) certify to the Secretary that its 
                      commercial motor vehicle information systems and 
                      networks deployment activities, including hardware 
                      procurement, software and system development, and 
                      infrastructure modifications--
                                    ``(I) are consistent with the 
                                national intelligent transportation 
                                systems and commercial motor vehicle 
                                information systems and networks 
                                architectures and available standards; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) promote interoperability and 
                                efficiency to the extent practicable; 
                                and
                          ``(iii) agree to execute interoperability 
                      tests developed by the Federal Motor Carrier 
                      Safety Administration to verify that its systems 
                      conform with the national intelligent 
                      transportation systems architecture, applicable 
                      standards, and protocols for commercial motor 
                      vehicle information systems and networks.
                    ``(D) Use of funds.--Grant funds received under this 
                paragraph may be used--
                          ``(i) for deployment activities and activities 
                      to develop new and innovative advanced technology 
                      solutions that support commercial motor vehicle 
                      information systems and networks;
                          ``(ii) for planning activities, including the 
                      development or updating of program or top level 
                      design plans in order to become eligible or 
                      maintain eligibility under subparagraph (C); and
                          ``(iii) for the operation and maintenance 
                      costs associated with innovative technology.
                    ``(E) Secretary authorization.--The Secretary is 
                authorized to award a State funding for the operation

[[Page 129 STAT. 1523]]

                and maintenance costs associated with innovative 
                technology deployment with funds made available under 
                sections 31104(a)(1) and 31104(a)(2).''.

    (b) Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators Grant Program.--Section 31103 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 31103. Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall administer a commercial motor 
vehicle operators grant program funded under section 31104.
    ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the grant program is to train 
individuals in the safe operation of commercial motor vehicles (as 
defined in section 31301).
    ``(c) Veterans.--In administering grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall award priority to grant applications for programs to 
train former members of the armed forces (as defined in section 101 of 
title 10) in the safe operation of such vehicles.''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 31104 of title 49, 
United States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended on the 
effective date set forth in subsection (f) to read as follows:
``Sec. 31104. Authorization of appropriations

    ``(a) Financial Assistance Programs.--The following sums are 
authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
the Mass Transit Account):
            ``(1) Motor carrier safety assistance program.--Subject to 
        paragraph (2) and subsection (c), to carry out section 31102 
        (except subsection (l))--
                    ``(A) $292,600,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(B) $298,900,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(C) $304,300,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(D) $308,700,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(2) High priority activities program.--Subject to 
        subsection (c), to carry out section 31102(l)--
                    ``(A) $42,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(B) $43,100,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(C) $44,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(D) $44,900,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(3) Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program.--To 
        carry out section 31103--
                    ``(A) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(B) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(C) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(D) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            ``(4) Commercial driver's license program implementation 
        program.--Subject to subsection (c), to carry out section 
        31313--
                    ``(A) $31,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(B) $31,800,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(C) $32,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(D) $33,200,000 for fiscal year 2020.

    ``(b) Reimbursement and Payment to Recipients for Government Share 
of Costs.--
            ``(1) In general.--Amounts made available under subsection 
        (a) shall be used to reimburse financial assistance recipients 
        proportionally for the Federal Government's share of the costs 
        incurred.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1524]]

            ``(2) Reimbursement amounts.--The Secretary shall reimburse 
        a recipient, in accordance with a financial assistance agreement 
        made under section 31102, 31103, or 31313, an amount that is at 
        least 85 percent of the costs incurred by the recipient in a 
        fiscal year in developing and implementing programs under such 
        sections. The Secretary shall pay the recipient an amount not 
        more than the Federal Government share of the total costs 
        approved by the Federal Government in the financial assistance 
        agreement. The Secretary shall include a recipient's in-kind 
        contributions in determining the reimbursement.
            ``(3) Vouchers.--Each recipient shall submit vouchers at 
        least quarterly for costs the recipient incurs in developing and 
        implementing programs under sections 31102, 31103, and 31313.

    ``(c) Deductions for Partner Training and Program Support.--On 
October 1 of each fiscal year, or as soon after that date as 
practicable, the Secretary may deduct from amounts made available under 
paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of subsection (a) for that fiscal year not 
more than 1.50 percent of those amounts for partner training and program 
support in that fiscal year. The Secretary shall use at least 75 percent 
of those deducted amounts to train non-Federal Government employees and 
to develop related training materials in carrying out such programs.
    ``(d) Grants and Cooperative Agreements as Contractual 
Obligations.--The approval of a financial assistance agreement by the 
Secretary under section 31102, 31103, or 31313 is a contractual 
obligation of the Federal Government for payment of the Federal 
Government's share of costs in carrying out the provisions of the grant 
or cooperative agreement.
    ``(e) Eligible Activities.--The Secretary shall establish criteria 
for eligible activities to be funded with financial assistance 
agreements under this section and publish those criteria in a notice of 
funding availability before the financial assistance program application 
period.
    ``(f) Period of Availability of Financial Assistance Agreement Funds 
for Recipient Expenditures.--The period of availability for a recipient 
to expend funds under a grant or cooperative agreement authorized under 
subsection (a) is as follows:
            ``(1) For grants made for carrying out section 31102, other 
        than section 31102(l), for the fiscal year in which the 
        Secretary approves the financial assistance agreement and for 
        the next fiscal year.
            ``(2) For grants made or cooperative agreements entered into 
        for carrying out section 31102(l)(2), for the fiscal year in 
        which the Secretary approves the financial assistance agreement 
        and for the next 2 fiscal years.
            ``(3) For grants made for carrying out section 31102(l)(3), 
        for the fiscal year in which the Secretary approves the 
        financial assistance agreement and for the next 4 fiscal years.
            ``(4) For grants made for carrying out section 31103, for 
        the fiscal year in which the Secretary approves the financial 
        assistance agreement and for the next fiscal year.
            ``(5) For grants made or cooperative agreements entered into 
        for carrying out section 31313, for the fiscal year in which the 
        Secretary approves the financial assistance agreement and for 
        the next 4 fiscal years.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1525]]

    ``(g) Contract Authority; Initial Date of Availability.--Amounts 
authorized from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) by this section shall be available for obligation on the date 
of their apportionment or allocation or on October 1 of the fiscal year 
for which they are authorized, whichever occurs first.
    ``(h) Availability of Funding.--Amounts made available under this 
section shall remain available until expended.
    ``(i) Reallocation.--Amounts not expended by a recipient during the 
period of availability shall be released back to the Secretary for 
reallocation for any purpose under section 31102, 31103, or 31313 or 
this section to ensure, to the maximum extent possible, that all such 
amounts are obligated.''.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 311 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 31100.>> is amended by striking 
the items relating to sections 31102, 31103, and 31104 and inserting the 
following:

``31102. Motor carrier safety assistance program.
``31103. Commercial motor vehicle operators grant program.
``31104. Authorization of appropriations.''.

    (e) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Safety fitness of owners and operator; safety reviews of 
        new operators.--Section 31144(g) of title 49, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking paragraph (5).
            (2) Information systems; performance and registration 
        information program.--Section 31106(b) of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking paragraph (4).
            (3) Border enforcement grants.--Section 31107 of title 49, 
        United States Code, and the item relating to that section in the 
        analysis for chapter 311 of that title, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 
        31100.>> are repealed.
            (4) Performance and registration information system 
        management.--Section 31109 of title 49, United States Code, and 
        the item relating to that section in the analysis for chapter 
        311 of that title, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 31100.>> are repealed.
            (5) Commercial vehicle information systems and networks 
        deployment.--Section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31106 note), 
        and the item relating to that section in the table of contents 
        contained in section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
            (6) Safety data improvement program.--Section 4128 of 
        SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31100 note), and the item relating to that 
        section in the table of contents contained in section 1(b) of 
        that Act, are repealed.
            (7) Grant program for commercial motor vehicle operators.--
        Section 4134 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31301 note), and the item 
        relating to that section in the table of contents contained in 
        section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
            (8) Maintenance of effort as condition on grants to 
        states.--Section 103(c) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement 
        Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31102 note) is repealed.
            (9) State compliance with cdl requirements.--Section 103(e) 
        of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 
        31102 note) is repealed.
            (10) Border staffing standards.--Section 218(d) of the Motor 
        Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31133 note) is 
        amended--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1526]]

                    (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``section 
                31104(f)(2)(B) of title 49, United States Code'' and 
                inserting ``section 31104(a)(1) of title 49, United 
                States Code''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3).
            (11) Winter home heating oil delivery state flexibility 
        program.--Section 346 of the National Highway System Designation 
        Act of 1995 (49 U.S.C. 31166 note), and the item relating to 
        that section in the table of contents in section 1(b) of that 
        Act, are repealed.

    (f) <<NOTE: 49 USC 31102 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section shall take effect on October 1, 2016.

    (g) <<NOTE: 49 USC 31102 note.>> Transition.--Notwithstanding the 
amendments made by this section, the Secretary shall carry out sections 
31102, 31103, and 31104 of title 49, United States Code, and any 
sections repealed under subsection (e), as necessary, as those sections 
were in effect on the day before October 1, 2016, with respect to 
applications for grants, cooperative agreements, or contracts under 
those sections submitted before October 1, 2016.
SEC. 5102. PERFORMANCE AND REGISTRATION INFORMATION SYSTEMS 
                          MANAGEMENT.

    Section 31106(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended in the 
subsection heading by striking ``Program'' and inserting ``Systems 
Management''.
SEC. 5103. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 311 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 31110. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31110.>> Authorization of 
                    appropriations

    ``(a) Administrative Expenses.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) for the Secretary of Transportation to pay administrative 
expenses of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration--
            ``(1) $267,400,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(2) $277,200,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(3) $283,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(4) $284,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(5) $288,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.

    ``(b) Use of Funds.--The funds authorized by this section shall be 
used for--
            ``(1) personnel costs;
            ``(2) administrative infrastructure;
            ``(3) rent;
            ``(4) information technology;
            ``(5) programs for research and technology, information 
        management, regulatory development, and the administration of 
        performance and registration information systems management 
        under section 31106(b);
            ``(6) programs for outreach and education under subsection 
        (c);
            ``(7) other operating expenses;
            ``(8) conducting safety reviews of new operators; and
            ``(9) such other expenses as may from time to time become 
        necessary to implement statutory mandates of the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration not funded from other sources.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1527]]

    ``(c) Outreach and Education Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may conduct, through any 
        combination of grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and 
        other activities, an internal and external outreach and 
        education program to be administered by the Administrator of the 
        Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
            ``(2) Federal share.--The Federal share of an outreach and 
        education project for which a grant, contract, or cooperative 
        agreement is made under this subsection may be up to 100 percent 
        of the cost of the project.
            ``(3) Funding.--From amounts made available under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary shall make available not more than $4,000,000 
        each fiscal year to carry out this subsection.

    ``(d) Contract Authority; Initial Date of Availability.--Amounts 
authorized from the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account) by this section shall be available for obligation on the date 
of their apportionment or allocation or on October 1 of the fiscal year 
for which they are authorized, whichever occurs first.
    ``(e) Funding Availability.--Amounts made available under this 
section shall remain available until expended.
    ``(f) Contractual Obligation.--The approval of funds by the 
Secretary under this section is a contractual obligation of the Federal 
Government for payment of the Federal Government's share of costs.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 311 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 3100.>> is amended by adding at the 
end of the items relating to subchapter I the following:

``31110. Authorization of appropriations.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Administrative expenses; authorization of 
        appropriations.--Section 31104 of title 49, United States Code, 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (i); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (j) and (k) as 
                subsections (i) and (j), respectively.
            (2) Use of amounts made available under subsection (i).--
        Section 4116(d) of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31104 note) is amended 
        by striking ``section 31104(i)'' and inserting ``section 
        31110''.
            (3) International cooperation.--Section 31161 of title 49, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 31104(i)'' 
        and inserting ``section 31110''.
            (4) SAFETEA-LU; outreach and education.--Section 4127 of 
        SAFETEA-LU (119 Stat. 1741; Public Law 109-59), and the item 
        relating to that section in the table of contents contained in 
        section 1(b) of that Act, <<NOTE: 49 USC 3100 note.>> are 
        repealed.
SEC. 5104. COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 31313 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 31313. Commercial driver's license program implementation 
                    financial assistance program

    ``(a) Financial Assistance Program.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1528]]

            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
        administer a financial assistance program for commercial 
        driver's license program implementation for the purposes 
        described in paragraphs (2) and (3).
            ``(2) State commercial driver's license program 
        implementation grants.--In carrying out the program, the 
        Secretary may make a grant to a State agency in a fiscal year--
                    ``(A) to assist the State in complying with the 
                requirements of section 31311; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a State that is making a good 
                faith effort toward substantial compliance with the 
                requirements of section 31311, to improve the State's 
                implementation of its commercial driver's license 
                program, including expenses--
                          ``(i) for computer hardware and software;
                          ``(ii) for publications, testing, personnel, 
                      training, and quality control;
                          ``(iii) for commercial driver's license 
                      program coordinators; and
                          ``(iv) to implement or maintain a system to 
                      notify an employer of an operator of a commercial 
                      motor vehicle of the suspension or revocation of 
                      the operator's commercial driver's license 
                      consistent with the standards developed under 
                      section 32303(b) of the Commercial Motor Vehicle 
                      Safety Enhancement Act of 2012 (49 U.S.C. 31304 
                      note).
            ``(3) Priority activities.--The Secretary may make a grant 
        to or enter into a cooperative agreement with a State agency, 
        local government, or any person in a fiscal year for research, 
        development and testing, demonstration projects, public 
        education, and other special activities and projects relating to 
        commercial drivers licensing and motor vehicle safety that--
                    ``(A) benefit all jurisdictions of the United 
                States;
                    ``(B) address national safety concerns and 
                circumstances;
                    ``(C) address emerging issues relating to commercial 
                driver's license improvements;
                    ``(D) support innovative ideas and solutions to 
                commercial driver's license program issues; or
                    ``(E) address other commercial driver's license 
                issues, as determined by the Secretary.

    ``(b) Prohibitions.--A recipient may not use financial assistance 
funds awarded under this section to rent, lease, or buy land or 
buildings.
    ``(c) Report.--The Secretary shall issue an annual report on the 
activities carried out under this section.
    ``(d) Apportionment.--All amounts made available to carry out this 
section for a fiscal year shall be apportioned to a recipient described 
in subsection (a)(3) according to criteria prescribed by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Funding.--For fiscal years beginning after September 30, 2016, 
this section shall be funded under section 31104.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1529]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 313 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 31301.>> is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 31313 and inserting the following:

``31313. Commercial driver's license program implementation financial 
           assistance program.''.

SEC. 5105. EXTENSION OF FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PROGRAMS FOR 
                          FISCAL YEAR 2016.

    (a) Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program Grant Extension.--
Section 31104(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
paragraphs (10) and (11) and inserting the following:
            ``(10) $218,000,000 for fiscal year 2015; and
            ``(11) $218,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.''.

    (b) Extension of Grant Programs.--Section 4101(c) of SAFETEA-LU (119 
Stat. 1715; Public Law 109-59) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--The following sums are 
authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Trust Fund (other than 
the Mass Transit Account):
            ``(1) Commercial driver's license program improvement 
        grants.--For carrying out the commercial driver's license 
        program improvement grants program under section 31313 of title 
        49, United States Code, $30,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
            ``(2) Border enforcement grants.--For border enforcement 
        grants under section 31107 of that title $32,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2016.
            ``(3) Performance and registration information systems 
        management grant program.--For the performance and registration 
        information systems management grant program under section 31109 
        of that title $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
            ``(4) Commercial vehicle information systems and networks 
        deployment.--For carrying out the commercial vehicle information 
        systems and networks deployment program under section 4126 of 
        this Act $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
            ``(5) Safety data improvement grants.--For safety data 
        improvement grants under section 4128 of this Act $3,000,000 for 
        fiscal year 2016.''.

    (c) High-Priority Activities.--Section 31104(j)(2) of title 49, 
United States Code, as redesignated by this subtitle, is amended by 
striking ``2015'' the first place it appears and all that follows 
through ``for States,'' and inserting ``2016 for States,''.
    (d) New Entrant Audits.--Section 31144(g)(5)(B) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(B) Set aside.--The Secretary shall set aside from 
                amounts made available under section 31104(a) up to 
                $32,000,000 for fiscal year 2016 for audits of new 
                entrant motor carriers conducted under this 
                paragraph.''.

    (e) Grant Program for Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators.--Section 
4134(c) of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31301 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(c) Funding.--From amounts made available under section 31110 of 
title 49, United States Code, the Secretary shall make available, 
$1,000,000 for fiscal year 2016 to carry out this section.''.
    (f) Commercial Vehicle Information Systems and Networks 
Deployment.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1530]]

            (1) In general.--Section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 31106 
        note; 119 Stat. 1738; Public Law 109-59) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) in paragraph (2) by adding at the end the 
                      following: ``Funds deobligated by the Secretary 
                      from previous year grants shall not be counted 
                      toward the $2,500,000 maximum aggregate amount for 
                      core deployment.''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (3) by adding at the end the 
                      following: ``Funds may also be used for planning 
                      activities, including the development or updating 
                      of program or top level design plans.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(4) by adding at the end the 
                following: ``Funds may also be used for planning 
                activities, including the development or updating of 
                program or top level design plans.''.
            (2) Innovative technology deployment program.--For fiscal 
        year 2016, the commercial vehicle information systems and 
        networks deployment program under section 4126 of SAFETEA-LU 
        (119 Stat. 1738; Public Law 109-59) may also be referred to as 
        the innovative technology deployment program.
SEC. 5106. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31102 note.>> MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY 
                          ASSISTANCE PROGRAM ALLOCATION.

    (a) Working Group.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a motor 
        carrier safety assistance program formula working group (in this 
        section referred to as the ``working group'').
            (2) Membership.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                working group shall consist of representatives of the 
                following:
                          (i) The Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                      Administration.
                          (ii) The lead State commercial motor vehicle 
                      safety agencies responsible for administering the 
                      plan required by section 31102 of title 49, United 
                      States Code.
                          (iii) An organization representing State 
                      agencies responsible for enforcing a program for 
                      inspection of commercial motor vehicles.
                          (iv) Such other persons as the Secretary 
                      considers necessary.
                    (B) Composition.--Representatives of State 
                commercial motor vehicle safety agencies shall comprise 
                at least 51 percent of the membership.
            (3) New allocation formula.--The working group shall analyze 
        requirements and factors for the establishment of a new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance 
        program under section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.
            (4) Recommendation.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        the working group is established under paragraph (1), the 
        working group shall make a recommendation to the Secretary 
        regarding a new allocation formula for the motor carrier safety 
        assistance program.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1531]]

            (5) Exemption.--The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. 
        App.) shall not apply to the working group established under 
        this subsection.
            (6) Publication.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration shall publish on a publicly 
        accessible Internet Web site of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration--
                    (A) detailed summaries of the meetings of the 
                working group; and
                    (B) the final recommendation of the working group 
                provided to the Secretary.

    (b) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.--After receiving the 
recommendation of the working group under subsection (a)(4), the 
Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a notice seeking public 
comment on the establishment of a new allocation formula for the motor 
carrier safety assistance program.
    (c) Basis for Formula.--The Secretary shall ensure that the new 
allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program is 
based on factors that reflect, at a minimum--
            (1) the relative needs of the States to comply with section 
        31102 of title 49, United States Code;
            (2) the relative administrative capacities of and challenges 
        faced by States in complying with that section;
            (3) the average of each State's new entrant motor carrier 
        inventory for the 3-year period prior to the date of enactment 
        of this Act;
            (4) the number of international border inspection facilities 
        and border crossings by commercial vehicles in each State; and
            (5) any other factors the Secretary considers appropriate.

    (d) Funding Amounts Prior to Development of New Allocation 
Formula.--
            (1) Interim formula.--Prior to the development of the new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance 
        program, the Secretary may calculate the interim funding amounts 
        for that program in fiscal year 2017 (and later fiscal years, as 
        necessary) under section 31104(a)(1) of title 49, United States 
        Code, as amended by this subtitle, by using the following 
        methodology:
                    (A) The Secretary shall calculate the funding amount 
                to a State using the allocation formula the Secretary 
                used to award motor carrier safety assistance program 
                funding in fiscal year 2016 under section 31102 of title 
                49, United States Code.
                    (B) The Secretary shall average the funding awarded 
                or other equitable amounts to a State in fiscal years 
                2013, 2014, and 2015 for--
                          (i) border enforcement grants under section 
                      31107 of title 49, United States Code; and
                          (ii) new entrant audit grants under section 
                      31144(g)(5) of that title.
                    (C) The Secretary shall add the amounts calculated 
                in subparagraphs (A) and (B).
            (2) Adjustments.--Subject to the availability of funding and 
        notwithstanding fluctuations in the data elements used by the 
        Secretary, the initial amounts resulting from the calculation 
        described in paragraph (1) shall be adjusted to ensure

[[Page 129 STAT. 1532]]

        that, for each State, the amount shall not be less than 97 
        percent of the average amount of funding received or other 
        equitable amounts in fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for--
                    (A) motor carrier safety assistance program funds 
                awarded to the State under section 31102 of title 49, 
                United States Code;
                    (B) border enforcement grants awarded to the State 
                under section 31107 of title 49, United States Code; and
                    (C) new entrant audit grants awarded to the State 
                under section 31144(g)(5) of title 49, United States 
                Code.
            (3) Immediate relief.--On the date of enactment of this Act, 
        and for the 3 fiscal years following the implementation of the 
        new allocation formula, the Secretary shall terminate the 
        withholding of motor carrier safety assistance program funds 
        from a State if the State was subject to the withholding of such 
        funds for matters of noncompliance immediately prior to the date 
        of enactment of this Act.
            (4) Future withholdings.--Beginning on the date that the new 
        allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance 
        program is implemented, the Secretary shall impose all future 
        withholdings in accordance with section 31102(k) of title 49, 
        United States Code, as amended by this subtitle.

    (e) Termination of Working Group.--The working group established 
under subsection (a) shall terminate on the date of the implementation 
of the new allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance 
program.
SEC. 5107. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31102 note.>> MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT 
                          CALCULATION.

    (a) Before New Allocation Formula.--
            (1) Fiscal year 2017.--If a new allocation formula for the 
        motor carrier safety assistance program has not been established 
        under this subtitle for fiscal year 2017, the Secretary shall 
        calculate for fiscal year 2017 the maintenance of effort 
        baseline required under section 31102(f) of title 49, United 
        States Code, as amended by this subtitle, by averaging the 
        expenditures for fiscal years 2004 and 2005 required by section 
        31102(b)(4) of title 49, United States Code, as that section was 
        in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Subsequent fiscal years.--The Secretary may use the 
        methodology for calculating the maintenance of effort baseline 
        specified in paragraph (1) for fiscal year 2018 and subsequent 
        fiscal years if a new allocation formula for the motor carrier 
        safety assistance program has not been established for that 
        fiscal year.

    (b) Beginning With New Allocation Formation.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3)(B), 
        beginning on the date that a new allocation formula for the 
        motor carrier safety assistance program is established under 
        this subtitle, upon the request of a State, the Secretary may 
        waive or modify the baseline maintenance of effort required of 
        the State by section 31102(f) of title 49, United States Code, 
        as amended by this subtitle, for the purpose of establishing a 
        new baseline maintenance of effort if the Secretary determines 
        that a waiver or modification--
                    (A) is equitable due to reasonable circumstances;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1533]]

                    (B) will ensure the continuation of commercial motor 
                vehicle enforcement activities in the State; and
                    (C) is necessary to ensure that the total amount of 
                State maintenance of effort and matching expenditures 
                required under sections 31102 and 31104 of title 49, 
                United States Code, as amended by this subtitle, does 
                not exceed a sum greater than the average of the total 
                amount of State maintenance of effort and matching 
                expenditures required under those sections for the 3 
                fiscal years prior to the date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Adjustment methodology.--If requested by a State, the 
        Secretary may modify the maintenance of effort baseline referred 
        to in paragraph (1) for the State according to the following 
        methodology:
                    (A) The Secretary shall establish the maintenance of 
                effort baseline for the State using the average baseline 
                of fiscal years 2004 and 2005, as required by section 
                31102(b)(4) of title 49, United States Code, as that 
                section was in effect on the day before the date of 
                enactment of this Act.
                    (B) The Secretary shall calculate the average 
                required match by a lead State commercial motor vehicle 
                safety agency for fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015 for 
                motor carrier safety assistance grants established at 20 
                percent by section 31103 of title 49, United States 
                Code, as that section was in effect on the day before 
                the date of enactment of this Act.
                    (C) The Secretary shall calculate the estimated 
                match required under section 31104(b) of title 49, 
                United States Code, as amended by this subtitle.
                    (D) The Secretary shall subtract the amount in 
                subparagraph (B) from the amount in subparagraph (C) 
                and--
                          (i) if the number is greater than 0, the 
                      Secretary shall subtract the number from the 
                      amount in subparagraph (A); or
                          (ii) if the number is not greater than 0, the 
                      Secretary shall calculate the maintenance of 
                      effort using the methodology in subparagraph (A).
            (3) Maintenance of effort amount.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall use the amount 
                calculated under paragraph (2) as the baseline 
                maintenance of effort required under section 31102(f) of 
                title 49, United States Code, as amended by this 
                subtitle.
                    (B) Deadline.--If a State does not request a waiver 
                or modification under this subsection before September 
                30 during the first fiscal year that the Secretary 
                implements a new allocation formula for the motor 
                carrier safety assistance program under this subtitle, 
                the Secretary shall calculate the maintenance of effort 
                using the methodology described in paragraph (2)(A).
            (4) Maintenance of effort described.--The maintenance of 
        effort calculated under this section is the amount required 
        under section 31102(f) of title 49, United States Code, as 
        amended by this subtitle.

    (c) Termination of Effectiveness.--The authority of the Secretary 
under this section shall terminate effective on the date

[[Page 129 STAT. 1534]]

that a new maintenance of effort baseline is calculated based on a new 
allocation formula for the motor carrier safety assistance program 
implemented under section 31102 of title 49, United States Code.

     Subtitle B--Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Reform

                        PART I--REGULATORY REFORM

SEC. 5201. NOTICE OF CANCELLATION OF INSURANCE.

    Section 13906(e) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or suspend'' after ``revoke''.
SEC. 5202. REGULATIONS.

    Section 31136 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g) and 
        transferring such subsection to appear at the end of section 
        31315 of such title; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(f) Regulatory Impact Analysis.--
            ``(1) In general.--Within each regulatory impact analysis of 
        a proposed or final major rule issued by the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration, the Secretary shall, whenever 
        practicable--
                    ``(A) consider the effects of the proposed or final 
                rule on different segments of the motor carrier 
                industry; and
                    ``(B) formulate estimates and findings based on the 
                best available science.
            ``(2) Scope.--To the extent feasible and appropriate, and 
        consistent with law, an analysis described in paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) use data that is representative of commercial 
                motor vehicle operators or motor carriers, or both, that 
                will be impacted by the proposed or final rule; and
                    ``(B) consider the effects on commercial truck and 
                bus carriers of various sizes and types.

    ``(g) Public Participation.--
            ``(1) In general.--If a proposed rule under this part is 
        likely to lead to the promulgation of a major rule, the 
        Secretary, before publishing such proposed rule, shall--
                    ``(A) issue an advance notice of proposed 
                rulemaking; or
                    ``(B) proceed with a negotiated rulemaking.
            ``(2) Requirements.--Each advance notice of proposed 
        rulemaking issued under paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) identify the need for a potential regulatory 
                action;
                    ``(B) identify and request public comment on the 
                best available science or technical information relevant 
                to analyzing potential regulatory alternatives;
                    ``(C) request public comment on the available data 
                and costs with respect to regulatory alternatives 
                reasonably likely to be considered as part of the 
                rulemaking; and
                    ``(D) request public comment on available 
                alternatives to regulation.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1535]]

            ``(3) Waiver.--This subsection does not apply to a proposed 
        rule if the Secretary, for good cause, finds (and incorporates 
        the finding and a brief statement of reasons for such finding in 
        the proposed or final rule) that an advance notice of proposed 
        rulemaking is impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the 
        public interest.

    ``(h) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (f) or (g) may be 
construed to limit the contents of an advance notice of proposed 
rulemaking.''.
SEC. 5203. <<NOTE: 49 USC 113 note.>> GUIDANCE.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Date of issuance and point of contact.--Each guidance 
        document issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration shall have a date of issuance or a date of 
        revision, as applicable, and shall include the name and contact 
        information of a point of contact at the Administration who can 
        respond to questions regarding the guidance.
            (2) Public accessibility.--
                    (A) In general.--Each guidance document issued or 
                revised by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration shall be published on a publicly 
                accessible Internet Web site of the Department on the 
                date of issuance or revision.
                    (B) Redaction.--The Administrator of the Federal 
                Motor Carrier Safety Administration may redact from a 
                guidance document published under subparagraph (A) any 
                information that would reveal investigative techniques 
                that would compromise Administration enforcement 
                efforts.
            (3) Incorporation into regulations.--Not later than 5 years 
        after the date on which a guidance document is published under 
        paragraph (2) or during an applicable review under subsection 
        (c), whichever is earlier, the Secretary shall revise 
        regulations to incorporate the guidance document to the extent 
        practicable.
            (4) Reissuance.--If a guidance document is not incorporated 
        into regulations in accordance with paragraph (3), the 
        Administrator shall--
                    (A) reissue an updated version of the guidance 
                document; and
                    (B) review and reissue an updated version of the 
                guidance document every 5 years until the date on which 
                the guidance document is removed or incorporated into 
                applicable regulations.

    (b) Initial Review.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall review all guidance 
documents issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and 
in effect on such date of enactment to ensure that such documents are 
current, are readily accessible to the public, and meet the standards 
specified in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of subsection (c)(1).
    (c) Regular Review.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), not less than 
        once every 5 years, the Administrator shall conduct a 
        comprehensive review of the guidance documents issued by the 
        Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration to determine whether 
        such documents are--
                    (A) consistent and clear;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1536]]

                    (B) uniformly and consistently enforced; and
                    (C) still necessary.
            (2) Notice and comment.--Prior to beginning a review under 
        paragraph (1), the Administrator shall publish in the Federal 
        Register a notice and request for comment that solicits input 
        from stakeholders on which guidance documents should be updated 
        or eliminated.
            (3) Report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
                date on which a review under paragraph (1) is completed, 
                the Administrator shall publish on a publicly accessible 
                Internet Web site of the Department a report detailing 
                the review and a full inventory of the guidance 
                documents of the Administration.
                    (B) Contents.--A report under subparagraph (A) shall 
                include a summary of the response of the Administration 
                to comments received under paragraph (2).

    (d) Guidance Document Defined.--In this section, the term ``guidance 
document'' means a document issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
Administration that--
            (1) provides an interpretation of a regulation of the 
        Administration; or
            (2) includes an enforcement policy of the Administration 
        available to the public.
SEC. 5204. <<NOTE: 49 USC 113 note.>> PETITIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration shall--
            (1) publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of 
        the Department a summary of all petitions for regulatory action 
        submitted to the Administration;
            (2) prioritize the petitions submitted based on the 
        likelihood of safety improvements resulting from the regulatory 
        action requested;
            (3) not later than 180 days after the date a summary of a 
        petition is published under paragraph (1), formally respond to 
        such petition by indicating whether the Administrator will 
        accept, deny, or further review the petition;
            (4) prioritize responses to petitions consistent with a 
        petition's potential to reduce crashes, improve enforcement, and 
        reduce unnecessary burdens; and
            (5) not later than 60 days after the date of receipt of a 
        petition, publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of 
        the Department an updated inventory of the petitions described 
        in paragraph (1), including any applicable disposition 
        information for those petitions.

    (b) Treatment of Multiple Petitions.--The Administrator may treat 
multiple similar petitions as a single petition for the purposes of 
subsection (a).
    (c) Petition Defined.--In this section, the term ``petition'' means 
a request for--
            (1) a new regulation;
            (2) a regulatory interpretation or clarification; or
            (3) a determination by the Administrator that a regulation 
        should be modified or eliminated because it is--
                    (A) no longer--
                          (i) consistent and clear;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1537]]

                          (ii) current with the operational realities of 
                      the motor carrier industry; or
                          (iii) uniformly enforced;
                    (B) ineffective; or
                    (C) overly burdensome.
SEC. 5205. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31148 note.>> INSPECTOR STANDARDS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall 
revise the regulations under part 385 of title 49, Code of Federal 
Regulations, as necessary, to incorporate by reference the certification 
standards for roadside inspectors issued by the Commercial Vehicle 
Safety Alliance.
SEC. 5206. APPLICATIONS.

    (a) Review Process.--Section 31315(b) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the first sentence by striking ``paragraph 
                (3)'' and inserting ``this subsection''; and
                    (B) by striking the second sentence;
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (7) as 
        paragraphs (4) through (9), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Length of exemption and renewal.--An exemption may be 
        granted under paragraph (1) for no longer than 5 years and may 
        be renewed, upon request, for subsequent 5-year periods if the 
        Secretary continues to make the finding under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Opportunity for resubmission.--If the Secretary denies 
        an application under paragraph (1) and the applicant can 
        reasonably address the reason for the denial, the Secretary may 
        allow the applicant to resubmit the application.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 31315 note.>> Administrative Exemptions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall make permanent the 
        following limited exemptions:
                    (A) Perishable construction products, as published 
                in the Federal Register on April 2, 2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 
                17819).
                    (B) Transport of commercial bee hives, as published 
                in the Federal Register on June 19, 2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 
                35425).
                    (C) Safe transport of livestock, as published in the 
                Federal Register on June 12, 2015 (80 Fed. Reg. 33584).
            (2) Additional administrative exemptions.--Any exemption 
        from any provision of the regulations under part 395 of title 
        49, Code of Federal Regulations, that is in effect on the date 
        of enactment of this Act--
                    (A) except as otherwise provided in section 31315(b) 
                of title 49, shall be valid for a period of 5 years from 
                the date such exemption was granted; and
                    (B) may be subject to renewal under section 
                31315(b)(2) of title 49, United States Code.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1538]]

           PART II--COMPLIANCE, SAFETY, ACCOUNTABILITY REFORM

SEC. 5221. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31100 note.>> CORRELATION STUDY.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration (referred to in this part as the 
``Administrator'') shall commission the National Research Council of the 
National Academies to conduct a study of--
            (1) the Compliance, Safety, Accountability program of the 
        Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (referred to in this 
        part as the ``CSA program''); and
            (2) the Safety Measurement System utilized by the CSA 
        program (referred to in this part as the ``SMS'').

    (b) Scope of Study.--In carrying out the study commissioned pursuant 
to subsection (a), the National Research Council--
            (1) shall analyze--
                    (A) the accuracy with which the Behavior Analysis 
                and Safety Improvement Categories (referred to in this 
                part as ``BASIC'')--
                          (i) identify high risk carriers; and
                          (ii) predict or are correlated with future 
                      crash risk, crash severity, or other safety 
                      indicators for motor carriers, including the 
                      highest risk carriers;
                    (B) the methodology used to calculate BASIC 
                percentiles and identify carriers for enforcement, 
                including the weights assigned to particular violations 
                and the tie between crash risk and specific regulatory 
                violations, with respect to accurately identifying and 
                predicting future crash risk for motor carriers;
                    (C) the relative value of inspection information and 
                roadside enforcement data;
                    (D) any data collection gaps or data sufficiency 
                problems that may exist and the impact of those gaps and 
                problems on the efficacy of the CSA program;
                    (E) the accuracy of safety data, including the use 
                of crash data from crashes in which a motor carrier was 
                free from fault;
                    (F) whether BASIC percentiles for motor carriers of 
                passengers should be calculated separately from motor 
                carriers of freight;
                    (G) the differences in the rates at which safety 
                violations are reported to the Federal Motor Carrier 
                Safety Administration for inclusion in the SMS by 
                various enforcement authorities, including States, 
                territories, and Federal inspectors; and
                    (H) how members of the public use the SMS and what 
                effect making the SMS information public has had on 
                reducing crashes and eliminating unsafe motor carriers 
                from the industry; and
            (2) shall consider--
                    (A) whether the SMS provides comparable precision 
                and confidence, through SMS alerts and percentiles, for 
                the relative crash risk of individual large and small 
                motor carriers;
                    (B) whether alternatives to the SMS would identify 
                high risk carriers more accurately; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1539]]

                    (C) the recommendations and findings of the 
                Comptroller General of the United States and the 
                Inspector General of the Department, and independent 
                review team reports, issued before the date of enactment 
                of this Act.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall--
            (1) submit a report containing the results of the study 
        commissioned pursuant to subsection (a) to--
                    (A) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; and
                    (C) the Inspector General of the Department; and
            (2) publish the report on a publicly accessible Internet Web 
        site of the Department.

    (d) Corrective Action Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        Administrator submits the report under subsection (c), if that 
        report identifies a deficiency or opportunity for improvement in 
        the CSA program or in any element of the SMS, the Administrator 
        shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
        and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a corrective 
        action plan that--
                    (A) responds to the deficiencies or opportunities 
                identified by the report;
                    (B) identifies how the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration will address such deficiencies or 
                opportunities; and
                    (C) provides an estimate of the cost, including with 
                respect to changes in staffing, enforcement, and data 
                collection, necessary to address such deficiencies or 
                opportunities.
            (2) Program reforms.--The corrective action plan submitted 
        under paragraph (1) shall include an implementation plan that--
                    (A) includes benchmarks;
                    (B) includes programmatic reforms, revisions to 
                regulations, or proposals for legislation; and
                    (C) shall be considered in any rulemaking by the 
                Department that relates to the CSA program, including 
                the SMS or data analysis under the SMS.

    (e) Inspector General Review.--Not later than 120 days after the 
Administrator submits a corrective action plan under subsection (d), the 
Inspector General of the Department shall--
            (1) review the extent to which such plan addresses--
                    (A) recommendations contained in the report 
                submitted under subsection (c); and
                    (B) relevant recommendations issued by the 
                Comptroller General or the Inspector General before the 
                date of enactment of this Act; and
            (2) submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
        and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report on 
        the responsiveness of the corrective action plan to the 
        recommendations described in paragraph (1).

[[Page 129 STAT. 1540]]

SEC. 5222. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31100 note.>> BEYOND COMPLIANCE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall allow recognition, 
including credit or an improved SMS percentile, for a motor carrier 
that--
            (1) installs advanced safety equipment;
            (2) uses enhanced driver fitness measures;
            (3) adopts fleet safety management tools, technologies, and 
        programs; or
            (4) satisfies other standards determined appropriate by the 
        Administrator.

    (b) Implementation.--The Administrator shall carry out subsection 
(a) by--
            (1) incorporating a methodology into the CSA program; or
            (2) establishing a safety BASIC in the SMS.

    (c) Process.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator, after providing notice 
        and an opportunity for comment, shall develop a process for 
        identifying and reviewing advanced safety equipment, enhanced 
        driver fitness measures, fleet safety management tools, 
        technologies, and programs, and other standards for use by motor 
        carriers to receive recognition, including credit or an improved 
        SMS percentile, for purposes of subsection (a).
            (2) Contents.--A process developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    (A) provide for a petition process for reviewing 
                advanced safety equipment, enhanced driver fitness 
                measures, fleet safety management tools, technologies, 
                and programs, and other standards; and
                    (B) seek input and participation from industry 
                stakeholders, including commercial motor vehicle 
                drivers, technology manufacturers, vehicle 
                manufacturers, motor carriers, law enforcement, safety 
                advocates, and the Motor Carrier Safety Advisory 
                Committee.

    (d) Qualification.--The Administrator, after providing notice and an 
opportunity for comment, shall develop technical or other performance 
standards with respect to advanced safety equipment, enhanced driver 
fitness measures, fleet safety management tools, technologies, and 
programs, and other standards for purposes of subsection (a).
    (e) Monitoring.--The Administrator may authorize qualified entities 
to monitor motor carriers that receive recognition, including credit or 
an improved SMS percentile, under this section through a no-cost 
contract structure.
    (f) Dissemination of Information.--The Administrator shall maintain 
on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the Department information 
on--
            (1) the advanced safety equipment, enhanced driver fitness 
        measures, fleet safety management tools, technologies, and 
        programs, and other standards eligible for recognition, 
        including credit or an improved SMS percentile;
            (2) any petitions for review of advanced safety equipment, 
        enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet safety management tools, 
        technologies, and programs, and other standards; and
            (3) any relevant statistics relating to the use of advanced 
        safety equipment, enhanced driver fitness measures, fleet safety

[[Page 129 STAT. 1541]]

        management tools, technologies, and programs, and other 
        standards.

    (g) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report on the--
            (1) number of motor carriers receiving recognition, 
        including credit or an improved SMS percentile, under this 
        section; and
            (2) safety performance of such carriers.
SEC. 5223. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31100 note.>> DATA CERTIFICATION.

    (a) In General.--On and after the date that is 1 day after the date 
of enactment of this Act, no information regarding analysis of 
violations, crashes in which a determination is made that the motor 
carrier or the commercial motor vehicle driver is not at fault, alerts, 
or the relative percentile for each BASIC developed under the CSA 
program may be made available to the general public until the Inspector 
General of the Department certifies that--
            (1) the report required under section 5221(c) has been 
        submitted in accordance with that section;
            (2) any deficiencies identified in the report required under 
        section 5221(c) have been addressed;
            (3) if applicable, the corrective action plan under section 
        5221(d) has been implemented;
            (4) the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration has fully implemented or satisfactorily addressed 
        the issues raised in the report titled ``Modifying the 
        Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program Would Improve the 
        Ability to Identify High Risk Carriers'' of the Government 
        Accountability Office and dated February 2014 (GAO-14-114); and
            (5) the Secretary has initiated modification of the CSA 
        program in accordance with section 5222.

    (b) Limitation on the Use of CSA Analysis.--Information regarding 
alerts and the relative percentile for each BASIC developed under the 
CSA program may not be used for safety fitness determinations until the 
Inspector General of the Department makes the certification under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Continued Public Availability of Data.--Notwithstanding any 
other provision of this section, inspection and violation information 
submitted to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration by 
commercial motor vehicle inspectors and qualified law enforcement 
officials, out-of-service rates, and absolute measures shall remain 
available to the public.
    (d) Exceptions.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
        section--
                    (A) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
                and State and local commercial motor vehicle enforcement 
                agencies may use the information referred to in 
                subsection (a) for purposes of investigation and 
                enforcement prioritization;
                    (B) a motor carrier and a commercial motor vehicle 
                driver may access information referred to in subsection

[[Page 129 STAT. 1542]]

                (a) that relates directly to the motor carrier or 
                driver, respectively; and
                    (C) a data analysis of motorcoach operators may be 
                provided online with a notation indicating that the 
                ratings or alerts listed are not intended to imply any 
                Federal safety rating of the carrier.
            (2) Notation.--The notation described in paragraph (1)(C) 
        shall include the following: ``Readers should not draw 
        conclusions about a carrier's overall safety condition simply 
        based on the data displayed in this system. Unless a motor 
        carrier has received an UNSATISFACTORY safety rating under part 
        385 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, or has otherwise 
        been ordered to discontinue operations by the Federal Motor 
        Carrier Safety Administration, it is authorized to operate on 
        the Nation's roadways.''.
            (3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
        construed to restrict the official use by State enforcement 
        agencies of the data collected by State enforcement personnel.
SEC. 5224. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31100 note.>> DATA IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) Functional Specifications.--The Administrator shall develop 
functional specifications to ensure the consistent and accurate input of 
data into systems and databases relating to the CSA program.
    (b) Functionality.--The functional specifications developed pursuant 
to subsection (a)--
            (1) shall provide for the hardcoding and smart logic 
        functionality for roadside inspection data collection systems 
        and databases; and
            (2) shall be made available to public and private sector 
        developers.

    (c) Effective Data Management.--The Administrator shall ensure that 
internal systems and databases accept and effectively manage data using 
uniform standards.
    (d) Consultation With the States.--Before implementing the 
functional specifications developed pursuant to subsection (a) or the 
standards described in subsection (c), the Administrator shall seek 
input from the State agencies responsible for enforcing section 31102 of 
title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 5225. ACCIDENT REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after a certification under 
section 5223, the Secretary shall task the Motor Carrier Safety Advisory 
Committee with reviewing the treatment of preventable crashes under the 
SMS.
    (b) Duties.--Not later than 6 months after being tasked under 
subsection (a), the Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee shall make 
recommendations to the Secretary on a process to allow motor carriers 
and drivers to request that the Administrator make a determination with 
respect to the preventability of a crash, if such a process has not yet 
been established by the Secretary.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) review and consider the recommendations provided by the 
        Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee; and
            (2) report to Congress on how the Secretary intends to 
        address the treatment of preventable crashes.

    (d) Preventable Defined.--In this section, the term ``preventable'' 
has the meaning given that term in Appendix B of part

[[Page 129 STAT. 1543]]

385 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date 
of enactment of this Act.

               Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

SEC. 5301. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31136 note.>> WINDSHIELD TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall revise the regulations in section 
393.60(e) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations (relating to the 
prohibition on obstructions to the driver's field of view) to exempt 
from that section the voluntary mounting on a windshield of vehicle 
safety technology likely to achieve a level of safety that is equivalent 
to or greater than the level of safety that would be achieved absent the 
exemption.
    (b) Vehicle Safety Technology Defined.--In this section, the term 
``vehicle safety technology'' includes a fleet-related incident 
management system, performance or behavior management system, speed 
management system, lane departure warning system, forward collision 
warning or mitigation system, and active cruise control system and any 
other technology that the Secretary considers applicable.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--For purposes of this section, any 
windshield mounted technology with a short term exemption under part 381 
of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, on the date of enactment of 
this Act, shall be considered likely to achieve a level of safety that 
is equivalent to or greater than the level of safety that would be 
achieved absent an exemption under subsection (a).
SEC. 5302. <<NOTE: 49 USC 113 note.>> PRIORITIZING STATUTORY 
                          RULEMAKINGS.

    The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 
shall prioritize the completion of each outstanding rulemaking required 
by statute before beginning any other rulemaking, unless the Secretary 
determines that there is a significant need for such other rulemaking 
and notifies Congress of such determination.
SEC. 5303. SAFETY REPORTING SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report on the cost and feasibility of establishing a 
self-reporting system for commercial motor vehicle drivers or motor 
carriers with respect to en route equipment failures.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) an analysis of--
                    (A) alternatives for the reporting of equipment 
                failures in real time, including an Internet Web site or 
                telephone hotline;
                    (B) the ability of a commercial motor vehicle driver 
                or a motor carrier to provide to the Federal Motor 
                Carrier

[[Page 129 STAT. 1544]]

                Safety Administration proof of repair of a self-reported 
                equipment failure;
                    (C) the ability of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
                Administration to ensure that self-reported equipment 
                failures proven to be repaired are not used in the 
                calculation of Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement 
                Category scores;
                    (D) the ability of roadside inspectors to access 
                self-reported equipment failures;
                    (E) the cost to establish and administer a self-
                reporting system;
                    (F) the ability for a self-reporting system to track 
                individual commercial motor vehicles through unique 
                identifiers; and
                    (G) whether a self-reporting system would yield 
                demonstrable safety benefits;
            (2) an identification of any regulatory or statutory 
        impediments to the implementation of a self-reporting system; 
        and
            (3) recommendations on implementing a self-reporting system.
SEC. 5304. NEW ENTRANT SAFETY REVIEW PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct an assessment of the 
new operator safety review program under section 31144(g) of title 49, 
United States Code, including the program's effectiveness in reducing 
crashes, fatalities, and injuries involving commercial motor vehicles 
and improving commercial motor vehicle safety.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall publish on a publicly accessible Internet 
Web site of the Department and submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report on the results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a), 
including any recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the 
program (including recommendations for legislative changes).
SEC. 5305. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31144 note.>> HIGH RISK CARRIER REVIEWS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall ensure that a review is 
completed on each motor carrier that demonstrates through performance 
data that it poses the highest safety risk. At a minimum, a review shall 
be conducted whenever a motor carrier is among the highest risk carriers 
for 4 consecutive months.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall post on a public Web site a report 
on the actions the Secretary has taken to comply with this section, 
including the number of high risk carriers identified and the high risk 
carriers reviewed.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 4138 of SAFETEA-LU (49 U.S.C. 
31144 note), and the item relating to that section in the table of 
contents in section 1(b) of that Act, are repealed.
SEC. 5306. POST-ACCIDENT REPORT REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall convene a working group--
            (1) to review the data elements of post-accident reports, 
        for tow-away accidents involving commercial motor vehicles, that 
        are reported to the Federal Government; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1545]]

            (2) to report to the Secretary its findings and any 
        recommendations, including best practices for State post-
        accident reports to achieve the data elements described in 
        subsection (c).

    (b) Composition.--Not less than 51 percent of the working group 
should be composed of individuals representing the States or State law 
enforcement officials. The remaining members of the working group shall 
represent industry, labor, safety advocates, and other interested 
parties.
    (c) Considerations.--The working group shall consider requiring 
additional data elements, including--
            (1) the primary cause of the accident, if the primary cause 
        can be determined; and
            (2) the physical characteristics of the commercial motor 
        vehicle and any other vehicle involved in the accident, 
        including--
                    (A) the vehicle configuration;
                    (B) the gross vehicle weight, if the weight can be 
                readily determined;
                    (C) the number of axles; and
                    (D) the distance between axles, if the distance can 
                be readily determined.

    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall--
            (1) review the findings of the working group;
            (2) identify the best practices for State post-accident 
        reports that are reported to the Federal Government, including 
        identifying the data elements that should be collected following 
        a tow-away commercial motor vehicle accident; and
            (3) recommend to the States the adoption of new data 
        elements to be collected following reportable commercial motor 
        vehicle accidents.

    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate not more than 
180 days after the date on which the Secretary makes recommendations 
under subsection (d)(3).
SEC. 5307. IMPLEMENTING SAFETY REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--For each rulemaking described in subsection (c), 
not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act and every 
180 days thereafter until the rulemaking is complete, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate a written notification that includes--
            (1) for a rulemaking with a statutory deadline--
                    (A) an explanation of why the deadline was not met; 
                and
                    (B) an expected date of completion of the 
                rulemaking; and
            (2) for a rulemaking without a statutory deadline, an 
        expected date of completion of the rulemaking.

    (b) Additional Contents.--A notification submitted under subsection 
(a) shall include--
            (1) an updated rulemaking timeline;
            (2) a list of factors causing delays in the completion of 
        the rulemaking; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1546]]

            (3) any other details associated with the status of the 
        rulemaking.

    (c) Rulemakings.--The Secretary shall submit a written notification 
under subsection (a) for each of the following rulemakings:
            (1) The rulemaking required under section 31306a(a)(1) of 
        title 49, United States Code.
            (2) The rulemaking required under section 31137(a) of title 
        49, United States Code.
            (3) The rulemaking required under section 31305(c) of title 
        49, United States Code.
            (4) The rulemaking required under section 31601 of division 
        C of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 30111 note).
            (5) A rulemaking concerning motor carrier safety fitness 
        determinations.
            (6) A rulemaking concerning commercial motor vehicle safety 
        required by an Act of Congress enacted on or after August 1, 
        2005, and incomplete for more than 2 years.

              Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

SEC. 5401. OPPORTUNITIES FOR VETERANS.

    (a) Standards for Training and Testing of Veteran Operators.--
Section 31305 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(d) Standards for Training and Testing of Veteran Operators.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2016, the 
        Secretary shall modify the regulations prescribed under 
        subsections (a) and (c) to--
                    ``(A) exempt a covered individual from all or a 
                portion of a driving test if the covered individual had 
                experience in the armed forces or reserve components 
                driving vehicles similar to a commercial motor vehicle;
                    ``(B) ensure that a covered individual may apply for 
                an exemption under subparagraph (A) during, at least, 
                the 1-year period beginning on the date on which such 
                individual separates from service in the armed forces or 
                reserve components; and
                    ``(C) credit the training and knowledge a covered 
                individual received in the armed forces or reserve 
                components driving vehicles similar to a commercial 
                motor vehicle for purposes of satisfying minimum 
                standards for training and knowledge.
            ``(2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                    ``(A) Armed forces.--The term `armed forces' has the 
                meaning given that term in section 101(a) of title 10.
                    ``(B) Covered individual.--The term `covered 
                individual' means an individual over the age of 21 years 
                who is--
                          ``(i) a former member of the armed forces; or
                          ``(ii) a former member of the reserve 
                      components.
                    ``(C) Reserve components.--The term `reserve 
                components' means--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1547]]

                          ``(i) the Army National Guard of the United 
                      States;
                          ``(ii) the Army Reserve;
                          ``(iii) the Navy Reserve;
                          ``(iv) the Marine Corps Reserve;
                          ``(v) the Air National Guard of the United 
                      States;
                          ``(vi) the Air Force Reserve; and
                          ``(vii) the Coast Guard Reserve.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 31301 note.>> Implementation of Administrative 
Recommendations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, 
shall implement the recommendations contained in the report submitted 
under section 32308 of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 31301 note) that are not 
implemented as a result of the amendment in subsection (a).

    (c) <<NOTE: 49 USC 31311 note.>> Implementation of the Military 
Commercial Driver's License Act.--Not later than December 31, 2015, the 
Secretary shall issue final regulations to implement the exemption to 
the domicile requirement under section 31311(a)(12)(C) of title 49, 
United States Code.

    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 31311(a)(12)(C)(ii) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(ii) is an active duty member of--
                          ``(I) the armed forces (as that term is 
                      defined in section 101(a) of title 10); or
                          ``(II) the reserve components (as that term is 
                      defined in section 31305(d)(2) of this title); 
                      and''.
SEC. 5402. DRUG-FREE COMMERCIAL DRIVERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 31306 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as 
                subparagraph (C);
                    (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``The 
                regulations shall permit such motor carriers to conduct 
                preemployment testing of such employees for the use of 
                alcohol.''; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:

    ``(B) The regulations prescribed under subparagraph (A) shall permit 
motor carriers--
            ``(i) to conduct preemployment testing of commercial motor 
        vehicle operators for the use of alcohol; and
            ``(ii) to use hair testing as an acceptable alternative to 
        urine testing--
                    ``(I) in conducting preemployment testing for the 
                use of a controlled substance; and
                    ``(II) in conducting random testing for the use of a 
                controlled substance if the operator was subject to hair 
                testing for preemployment testing.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) shall provide an exemption from hair testing for 
        commercial motor vehicle operators with established religious 
        beliefs that prohibit the cutting or removal of hair.''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)(2)--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1548]]

                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by 
                inserting ``for urine testing, and technical guidelines 
                for hair testing,'' before ``including mandatory 
                guidelines'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (C) by inserting ``and'' after 
                the semicolon; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) laboratory protocols and cut-off levels for 
                hair testing to detect the use of a controlled 
                substance;''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 31306 note.>> Guidelines.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services shall issue scientific and technical guidelines for hair 
testing as a method of detecting the use of a controlled substance for 
purposes of section 31306 of title 49, United States Code.
SEC. 5403. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31149 note.>> MEDICAL CERTIFICATION OF 
                          VETERANS FOR COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S 
                          LICENSES.

    (a) In General.--In the case of a physician-approved veteran 
operator, the qualified physician of such operator may, subject to the 
requirements of subsection (b), perform a medical examination and 
provide a medical certificate for purposes of compliance with the 
requirements of section 31149 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Certification.--The certification described under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) assurances that the physician performing the medical 
        examination meets the requirements of a qualified physician 
        under this section; and
            (2) certification that the physical condition of the 
        operator is adequate to enable such operator to operate a 
        commercial motor vehicle safely.

    (c) National Registry of Medical Examiners.--The Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall develop a 
process for qualified physicians to perform a medical examination and 
provide a medical certificate under subsection (a) and include such 
physicians on the national registry of medical examiners established 
under section 31149(d) of title 49, United States Code.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Physician-approved veteran operator.--The term 
        ``physician-approved veteran operator'' means an operator of a 
        commercial motor vehicle who--
                    (A) is a veteran who is enrolled in the health care 
                system established under section 1705(a) of title 38, 
                United States Code; and
                    (B) is required to have a current valid medical 
                certificate pursuant to section 31149 of title 49, 
                United States Code.
            (2) Qualified physician.--The term ``qualified physician'' 
        means a physician who--
                    (A) is employed in the Department of Veterans 
                Affairs;
                    (B) is familiar with the standards for, and physical 
                requirements of, an operator certified pursuant to 
                section 31149 of title 49, United States Code; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1549]]

                    (C) has never, with respect to such section, been 
                found to have acted fraudulently, including by 
                fraudulently awarding a medical certificate.
            (3) Veteran.--The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101 of title 38, United States Code.

    (e) Statutory Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to change any statutory penalty associated with fraud or 
abuse.
SEC. 5404. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31315 note.>> COMMERCIAL DRIVER PILOT 
                          PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot program under 
section 31315(c) of title 49, United States Code, to study the 
feasibility, benefits, and safety impacts of allowing a covered driver 
to operate a commercial motor vehicle in interstate commerce.
    (b) Data Collection.--The Secretary shall collect and analyze data 
relating to accidents in which--
            (1) a covered driver participating in the pilot program is 
        involved; and
            (2) a driver under the age of 21 operating a commercial 
        motor vehicle in intrastate commerce is involved.

    (c) Limitations.--A driver participating in the pilot program may 
not--
            (1) transport--
                    (A) passengers; or
                    (B) hazardous cargo; or
            (2) operate a vehicle in special configuration.

    (d) Working Group.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall conduct, monitor, 
        and evaluate the pilot program in consultation with a working 
        group to be established by the Secretary consisting of 
        representatives of the armed forces, industry, drivers, safety 
        advocacy organizations, and State licensing and enforcement 
        officials.
            (2) Duties.--The working group shall review the data 
        collected under subsection (b) and provide recommendations to 
        the Secretary on the feasibility, benefits, and safety impacts 
        of allowing a covered driver to operate a commercial motor 
        vehicle in interstate commerce.

    (e) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which the pilot 
program is concluded, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
describing the findings of the pilot program and the recommendations of 
the working group.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
            (1) Accident.--The term ``accident'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 390.5 of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, as in effect on the date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Armed forces.--The term ``armed forces'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 101(a) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (3) Commercial motor vehicle.--The term ``commercial motor 
        vehicle'' has the meaning given that term in section 31301 of 
        title 49, United States Code.
            (4) Covered driver.--The term ``covered driver'' means an 
        individual who is--
                    (A) between the ages of 18 and 21;
                    (B) a member or former member of the--
                          (i) armed forces; or

[[Page 129 STAT. 1550]]

                          (ii) reserve components (as defined in section 
                      31305(d)(2) of title 49, United States Code, as 
                      added by this Act); and
                    (C) qualified in a Military Occupational Specialty 
                to operate a commercial motor vehicle or similar 
                vehicle.

                     Subtitle E--General Provisions

SEC. 5501. DELAYS IN GOODS MOVEMENT.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Inspector General of the Department 
        shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
        on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report 
        on the average length of time that operators of commercial motor 
        vehicles are delayed before the loading and unloading of such 
        vehicles and at other points in the pick-up and delivery 
        process.
            (2) Contents.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) an assessment of how delays impact--
                          (i) the economy;
                          (ii) the efficiency of the transportation 
                      system;
                          (iii) motor carrier safety, including the 
                      extent to which delays result in violations of 
                      motor carrier safety regulations; and
                          (iv) the livelihood of motor carrier drivers; 
                      and
                    (B) recommendations on how delays could be 
                mitigated.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 14103 note.>> Collection of Data.--Not later than 
2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
establish by regulation a process to collect data on delays experienced 
by operators of commercial motor vehicles before the loading and 
unloading of such vehicles and at other points in the pick-up and 
delivery process.
SEC. 5502. EMERGENCY ROUTE WORKING GROUP.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a working 
        group to determine best practices for expeditious State approval 
        of special permits for vehicles involved in emergency response 
        and recovery.
            (2) Members.--The working group shall include 
        representatives from--
                    (A) State highway transportation departments or 
                agencies;
                    (B) relevant modal agencies within the Department;
                    (C) emergency response or recovery experts;
                    (D) relevant safety groups; and
                    (E) entities affected by special permit restrictions 
                during emergency response and recovery efforts.

    (b) Considerations.--In determining best practices under subsection 
(a), the working group shall consider whether--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1551]]

            (1) impediments currently exist that prevent expeditious 
        State approval of special permits for vehicles involved in 
        emergency response and recovery;
            (2) it is possible to pre-identify and establish emergency 
        routes between States through which infrastructure repair 
        materials could be delivered following a natural disaster or 
        emergency;
            (3) a State could pre-designate an emergency route 
        identified under paragraph (2) as a certified emergency route if 
        a motor vehicle that exceeds the otherwise applicable Federal 
        and State truck length or width limits may safely operate along 
        such route during periods of declared emergency and recovery 
        from such periods; and
            (4) an online map could be created to identify each pre-
        designated emergency route under paragraph (3), including 
        information on specific limitations, obligations, and 
        notification requirements along that route.

    (c) Report.--
            (1)  Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the working group shall submit to the 
        Secretary a report on its findings under this section and any 
        recommendations for the implementation of best practices for 
        expeditious State approval of special permits for vehicles 
        involved in emergency response and recovery.
            (2) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after the date the 
        Secretary receives the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall publish the report on a publicly accessible Internet Web 
        site of the Department.

    (d) Notification.--Not later than 6 months after the date the 
Secretary receives the report under subsection (c)(1), the Secretary 
shall notify the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate on the actions the Secretary and the States 
have taken to implement the recommendations included in the report.
    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate 1 year after the 
date the Secretary receives the report under subsection (c)(1).
SEC. 5503. HOUSEHOLD GOODS CONSUMER PROTECTION WORKING GROUP.

    (a) Working Group.--The Secretary shall establish a working group 
for the purpose of developing recommendations on how to best convey to 
consumers relevant information with respect to the Federal laws 
concerning the interstate transportation of household goods by motor 
carrier.
    (b) Membership.--The Secretary shall ensure that the working group 
is comprised of individuals with expertise in consumer affairs, 
educators with expertise in how people learn most effectively, and 
representatives of the household goods moving industry.
    (c) Recommendations.--
            (1) Contents.--The recommendations developed by the working 
        group shall include recommendations on--
                    (A) condensing publication ESA 03005 of the Federal 
                Motor Carrier Safety Administration into a format that 
                is more easily used by consumers;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1552]]

                    (B) using state-of-the-art education techniques and 
                technologies, including optimizing the use of the 
                Internet as an educational tool; and
                    (C) reducing and simplifying the paperwork required 
                of motor carriers and shippers in interstate 
                transportation.
            (2) Deadline.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act--
                    (A) the working group shall make the recommendations 
                described in paragraph (1); and
                    (B) the Secretary shall publish the recommendations 
                on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the 
                Department.

    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which the 
working group makes its recommendations under subsection (c)(2), the 
Secretary shall issue a report to Congress on the implementation of such 
recommendations.
    (e) Termination.--The working group shall terminate 1 year after the 
date the working group makes its recommendations under subsection 
(c)(2).
SEC. 5504. TECHNOLOGY IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a comprehensive analysis of the information technology and 
data collection and management systems of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration.
    (b) Requirements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) evaluate the efficacy of the existing information 
        technology, data collection, processing systems, data correction 
        procedures, and data management systems and programs, including 
        their interaction with each other and their efficacy in meeting 
        user needs;
            (2) identify any redundancies among the systems, procedures, 
        and programs described in paragraph (1);
            (3) explore the feasibility of consolidating data collection 
        and processing systems;
            (4) evaluate the ability of the systems, procedures, and 
        programs described in paragraph (1) to meet the needs of--
                    (A) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 
                at both the headquarters and State levels;
                    (B) the State agencies that implement the motor 
                carrier safety assistance program under section 31102 of 
                title 49, United States Code; and
                    (C) other users;
            (5) evaluate the adaptability of the systems, procedures, 
        and programs described in paragraph (1), in order to make 
        necessary future changes to ensure user needs are met in an 
        easier, timely, and more cost-efficient manner;
            (6) investigate and make recommendations regarding--
                    (A) deficiencies in existing data sets impacting 
                program effectiveness; and
                    (B) methods to improve user interfaces; and
            (7) identify the appropriate role the Federal Motor Carrier 
        Safety Administration should take with respect to software and 
        information systems design, development, and maintenance

[[Page 129 STAT. 1553]]

        for the purpose of improving the efficacy of the systems, 
        procedures, and programs described in paragraph (1).
SEC. 5505. NOTIFICATION REGARDING MOTOR CARRIER REGISTRATION.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate written notification 
of the actions the Secretary is taking to ensure, to the greatest extent 
practicable, that each application for registration under section 13902 
of title 49, United States Code, is processed not later than 30 days 
after the date on which the application is received by the Secretary.
SEC. 5506. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31305 note.>> REPORT ON COMMERCIAL 
                          DRIVER'S LICENSE SKILLS TEST DELAYS.

    Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, 
and each year thereafter, the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier 
Safety Administration shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report that--
            (1) describes, for each State, the status of skills testing 
        for applicants for a commercial driver's license, including--
                    (A) the average wait time from the date an applicant 
                requests to take a skills test to the date the applicant 
                has the opportunity to complete such test;
                    (B) the average wait time from the date an 
                applicant, upon failure of a skills test, requests a 
                retest to the date the applicant has the opportunity to 
                complete such retest;
                    (C) the actual number of qualified commercial 
                driver's license examiners available to test applicants; 
                and
                    (D) the number of testing sites available through 
                the State department of motor vehicles and whether this 
                number has increased or decreased from the previous 
                year; and
            (2) describes specific steps that the Administrator is 
        taking to address skills testing delays in States that have 
        average skills test or retest wait times of more than 7 days 
        from the date an applicant requests to test or retest to the 
        date the applicant has the opportunity to complete such test or 
        retest.
SEC. 5507. ELECTRONIC LOGGING DEVICE REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 31137(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(C) by striking ``apply to'' and 
        inserting ``except as provided in paragraph (3), apply to''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Exception.--A motor carrier, when transporting a motor 
        home or recreation vehicle trailer within the definition of the 
        term `driveaway-towaway operation' (as defined in section 390.5 
        of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations), may comply with the 
        hours of service requirements by requiring each driver to use--
                    ``(A) a paper record of duty status form; or
                    ``(B) an electronic logging device.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1554]]

SEC. 5508. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

    (a) Title 49.--Title 49, United States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 13902(i)(2) is amended by inserting ``except 
        as'' before ``described''.
            (2) Section 13903(d) is amended by striking ``(d) 
        Registration as Motor Carrier Required.--'' and all that follows 
        through ``(1) In general.--A freight forwarder'' and inserting 
        ``(d) Registration as Motor Carrier Required.--A freight 
        forwarder''.
            (3) Section 13905(d)(2)(D) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``the Secretary finds 
                that--'' and all that follows through ``(i) the motor 
                carrier,'' and inserting ``the Secretary finds that the 
                motor carrier,''; and
                    (B) by adding a period at the end.
            (4) Section 14901(h) is amended by striking ``Household 
        Goods'' in the heading.
            (5) Section 14916 is amended by striking the section 
        designation and heading and inserting the following:
``Sec. 14916. Unlawful brokerage activities''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 49 USC 14901 note.>> MAP-21.--Effective as of July 6, 
2012, and as if included therein as enacted, MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) 
is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 32108(a)(4) (126 Stat. 782) <<NOTE: 49 USC 
        14901.>> is amended by inserting ``for'' before ``each 
        additional day'' in the matter proposed to be struck.
            (2) Section 32301(b)(3) (126 Stat. 786) <<NOTE: 49 USC 
        31137.>> is amended by striking ``by amending (a) to read as 
        follows:'' and inserting ``by striking subsection (a) and 
        inserting the following:''.
            (3) Section 32302(c)(2)(B) (126 Stat. 789) <<NOTE: 49 USC 
        31149 note.>> is amended by striking ``section 32303(c)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``section 32302(c)(1)''
            (4) Section 32921(b) (126 Stat. 828) <<NOTE: 49 USC 
        31144.>> is amended, in the matter to be inserted, by striking 
        ``(A) In addition'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--In addition''.
            (5) Section 32931(c) (126 Stat. 829) <<NOTE: 49 USC 
        31307.>> is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Transportation'' in the matter to be 
                struck; and
                    (B) by striking ``Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Secretary of Transportation'' in the matter to be 
                inserted.

    (c) Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999.--Section 229(a)(1) 
of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 1999 (49 U.S.C. 31136 
note) is amended by inserting ``of title 49, United States Code,'' after 
``sections 31136 and 31502''.
SEC. 5509. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31138 note.>> MINIMUM FINANCIAL 
                          RESPONSIBILITY.

    (a) Transporting Property.--If the Secretary proceeds with a 
rulemaking to determine whether to increase the minimum levels of 
financial responsibility required under section 31139 of title 49, 
United States Code, the Secretary shall consider, prior to issuing a 
final rule--
            (1) the rulemaking's potential impact on--
                    (A) the safety of motor vehicle transportation; and
                    (B) the motor carrier industry;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1555]]

            (2) the ability of the insurance industry to provide the 
        required amount of insurance;
            (3) the extent to which current minimum levels of financial 
        responsibility adequately cover--
                    (A) medical care;
                    (B) compensation; and
                    (C) other identifiable costs;
            (4) the frequency with which insurance claims exceed current 
        minimum levels of financial responsibility in fatal accidents; 
        and
            (5) the impact of increased levels on motor carrier safety 
        and accident reduction.

    (b) Transporting Passengers.--
            (1) In general.--Prior to initiating a rulemaking to change 
        the minimum levels of financial responsibility under section 
        31138 of title 49, United States Code, the Secretary shall 
        complete a study specific to the minimum financial 
        responsibility requirements for motor carriers of passengers.
            (2) Study contents.--A study under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, to the extent practicable--
                    (A) a review of accidents, injuries, and fatalities 
                in the over-the-road bus and school bus industries;
                    (B) a review of insurance held by over-the-road bus 
                and public and private school bus companies, including 
                companies of various sizes, and an analysis of whether 
                such insurance is adequate to cover claims;
                    (C) an analysis of whether and how insurance affects 
                the behavior and safety record of motor carriers of 
                passengers, including with respect to crash reduction; 
                and
                    (D) an analysis of the anticipated impacts of an 
                increase in financial responsibility on insurance 
                premiums for passenger carriers and service 
                availability.
            (3) Consultation.--In conducting a study under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall consult with--
                    (A) representatives of the over-the-road bus and 
                private school bus transportation industries, including 
                representatives of bus drivers; and
                    (B) insurers of motor carriers of passengers.
            (4) Report.--If the Secretary undertakes a study under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate a report on the results of the 
        study.
SEC. 5510. SAFETY STUDY REGARDING DOUBLE-DECKER MOTORCOACHES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with State transportation 
safety and law enforcement officials, shall conduct a study regarding 
the safety operations, fire suppression capability, tire loads, and 
pavement impacts of operating a double-decker motorcoach equipped with a 
device designed by the motorcoach manufacturer to attach to the rear of 
the motorcoach for use in transporting passenger baggage.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report containing the results of 
the study to--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1556]]

            (1) the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate.
SEC. 5511. GAO REVIEW OF SCHOOL BUS SAFETY.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committee 
on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
review of the following:
            (1) Existing Federal and State rules and guidance, as of the 
        date of the review, concerning school bus transportation of 
        elementary school and secondary school students engaging in 
        home-to-school transport or other transport determined by the 
        Comptroller General to be a routine part of kindergarten through 
        grade 12 education, including regulations and guidance regarding 
        driver training programs, capacity requirements, programs for 
        special needs students, inspection standards, vehicle age 
        requirements, best practices, and public access to inspection 
        results and crash records.
            (2) Any correlation between public or private school bus 
        fleet operators whose vehicles are involved in an accident as 
        defined by section 390.5 of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, and each of the following:
                    (A) A failure by those same operators of State or 
                local safety inspections.
                    (B) The average age or odometer readings of the 
                school buses in the fleets of such operators.
                    (C) Violations of Federal laws administered by the 
                Department of Transportation, or of State law 
                equivalents of such laws.
                    (D) Violations of State or local law relating to 
                illegal passing of a school bus.
            (3) A regulatory framework comparison of public and private 
        school bus operations.
            (4) Expert recommendations on best practices for safe and 
        reliable school bus transportation, including driver training 
        programs, inspection standards, school bus age and odometer 
        reading maximums for retirement, the percentage of buses in a 
        local bus fleet needed as spare buses, and capacity levels per 
        school bus for different age groups.
SEC. 5512. ACCESS TO NATIONAL DRIVER REGISTER.

    Section 30305(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(13) The Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration may request the chief driver licensing official 
        of a State to provide information under subsection (a) of this 
        section about an individual in connection with a safety 
        investigation under the Administrator's jurisdiction.''.
SEC. 5513. REPORT ON DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF WIRELESS 
                          ROADSIDE INSPECTION SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of

[[Page 129 STAT. 1557]]

Representatives a report regarding the design, development, testing, and 
implementation of wireless roadside inspection systems.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include a determination as to whether Federal wireless roadside 
inspection systems--
            (1) conflict with existing electronic screening systems, or 
        create capabilities already available;
            (2) require additional statutory authority to incorporate 
        generated inspection data into the safety measurement system or 
        the safety fitness determinations program; and
            (3) provide appropriate restrictions to specifically address 
        privacy concerns of affected motor carriers and operators.
SEC. 5514. REGULATION OF TOW TRUCK OPERATIONS.

    Section 14501(c)(2)(C) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``the price of'' and all that follows through 
``transportation is'' and inserting ``the regulation of tow truck 
operations''.
SEC. 5515. STUDY ON COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE DRIVER COMMUTING.

    (a) Effects of Commuting.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Administration shall conduct a study on the safety 
effects of motor carrier operator commutes exceeding 150 minutes.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report containing 
the findings under the study.
SEC. 5516. ADDITIONAL STATE AUTHORITY.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, South Dakota shall be 
provided the opportunity to update and revise the routes designated as 
qualifying Federal-aid Primary System highways under section 31111(e) of 
title 49, United States Code, as long as the update shifts routes to 
divided highways or does not increase centerline miles by more than 5 
percent and is expected to increase safety performance.
SEC. 5517. REPORT ON MOTOR CARRIER FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2017, the Secretary shall 
publish on a publicly accessible Internet Web site of the Department a 
report on the minimum levels of financial responsibility required under 
section 31139 of title 49, United States Code.
    (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include, to the extent practicable, an analysis of--
            (1) the differences between State insurance requirements and 
        Federal requirements;
            (2) the extent to which current minimum levels of financial 
        responsibility adequately cover--
                    (A) medical care;
                    (B) compensation; and
                    (C) other identifiable costs; and
            (3) the frequency with which insurance claims exceed the 
        current minimum levels of financial responsibility.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1558]]

SEC. 5518. COVERED FARM VEHICLES.

    Section 32934(b)(1) of MAP-21 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note) is amended by 
striking ``from'' and all that follows through the period at end and 
inserting the following: ``from--
                    ``(A) a requirement described in subsection (a) or a 
                compatible State requirement; or
                    ``(B) any other minimum standard provided by a State 
                relating to the operation of that vehicle.''.
SEC. 5519. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31136 note.>> OPERATORS OF HI-RAIL 
                          VEHICLES.

    (a) In General.--In the case of a commercial motor vehicle driver 
subject to the hours of service requirements in part 395 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, who is driving a hi-rail vehicle, the 
maximum on duty time under section 395.3 of such title for such driver 
shall not include time in transportation to or from a duty assignment if 
such time in transportation--
            (1) does not exceed 2 hours per calendar day or a total of 
        30 hours per calendar month; and
            (2) is fully and accurately accounted for in records to be 
        maintained by the motor carrier and such records are made 
        available upon request of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration or the Federal Railroad Administration.

    (b) Hi-Rail Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term ``hi-rail 
vehicle'' means an internal rail flaw detection vehicle equipped with 
flange hi-rails.
SEC. 5520. AUTOMOBILE TRANSPORTER.

    (a) Automobile Transporter Defined.--Section 31111(a)(1) of title 
49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``specifically''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following: ``An automobile 
        transporter shall not be prohibited from the transport of cargo 
        or general freight on a backhaul, so long as it complies with 
        weight limitations for a truck tractor and semitrailer 
        combination.''.

    (b) Truck Tractor Defined.--Section 31111(a)(3)(B) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``only''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
        ``or any other commodity, including cargo or general freight on 
        a backhaul''.

    (c) Backhaul Defined.--Section 31111(a) of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Backhaul.--The term `backhaul' means the return trip 
        of a vehicle transporting cargo or general freight, especially 
        when carrying goods back over all or part of the same route.''.

    (d) Stinger-Steered Automobile Transporters.--Section 31111(b)(1) of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (F) by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(G) imposes a vehicle length limitation of less than 80 
        feet on a stinger-steered automobile transporter with a front 
        overhang of less than 4 feet and a rear overhang of less than 6 
        feet; or''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1559]]

SEC. 5521. READY MIX CONCRETE DELIVERY VEHICLES.

    Section 31502 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(f) Ready Mixed Concrete Delivery Vehicles.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, regulations issued under this section or section 31136 
        (including section 395.1(e)(1)(ii) of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations) regarding reporting, recordkeeping, or 
        documentation of duty status shall not apply to any driver of a 
        ready mixed concrete delivery vehicle if--
                    ``(A) the driver operates within a 100 air-mile 
                radius of the normal work reporting location;
                    ``(B) the driver returns to the work reporting 
                location and is released from work within 14 consecutive 
                hours;
                    ``(C) the driver has at least 10 consecutive hours 
                off duty following each 14 hours on duty;
                    ``(D) the driver does not exceed 11 hours maximum 
                driving time following 10 consecutive hours off duty; 
                and
                    ``(E) the motor carrier that employs the driver 
                maintains and retains for a period of 6 months accurate 
                and true time records that show--
                          ``(i) the time the driver reports for duty 
                      each day;
                          ``(ii) the total number of hours the driver is 
                      on duty each day;
                          ``(iii) the time the driver is released from 
                      duty each day; and
                          ``(iv) the total time for the preceding 
                      driving week the driver is used for the first time 
                      or intermittently.
            ``(2) Definition.--In this section, the term `driver of a 
        ready mixed concrete delivery vehicle' means a driver of a 
        vehicle designed to deliver ready mixed concrete on a daily 
        basis and is equipped with a mechanism under which the vehicle's 
        propulsion engine provides the power to operate a mixer drum to 
        agitate and mix the product en route to the delivery site.''.
SEC. 5522. TRANSPORTATION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT.

    Section 229(e)(4) of the Motor Carrier Safety Improvement Act of 
1999 (49 U.S.C. 31136 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``50 air mile radius'' and inserting ``75 
        air mile radius''; and
            (2) by striking ``the driver.'' and inserting ``the driver, 
        except that a State, upon notice to the Secretary, may establish 
        a different air mile radius limitation for purposes of this 
        paragraph if such limitation is between 50 and 75 air miles and 
        applies only to movements that take place entirely within the 
        State.''.
SEC. 5523. COMMERCIAL DELIVERY OF LIGHT- AND MEDIUM-DUTY TRAILERS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 31111(a) of title 49, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Trailer transporter towing unit.--The term `trailer 
        transporter towing unit' means a power unit that is not used to 
        carry property when operating in a towaway trailer transporter 
        combination.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1560]]

            ``(7) Towaway trailer transporter combination.--The term 
        `towaway trailer transporter combination' means a combination of 
        vehicles consisting of a trailer transporter towing unit and 2 
        trailers or semitrailers--
                    ``(A) with a total weight that does not exceed 
                26,000 pounds; and
                    ``(B) in which the trailers or semitrailers carry no 
                property and constitute inventory property of a 
                manufacturer, distributor, or dealer of such trailers or 
                semitrailers.''.

    (b) General Limitations.--Section 31111(b)(1) of such title is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(H) has the effect of imposing an overall length 
        limitation of less than 82 feet on a towaway trailer transporter 
        combination.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Property-carrying unit limitation.--Section 31112(a)(1) 
        of such title is amended by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, but not including a trailer or a 
        semitrailer transported as part of a towaway trailer transporter 
        combination (as defined in section 31111(a))''.
            (2) Access to interstate system.--Section 31114(a)(2) of 
        such title is amended by inserting ``any towaway trailer 
        transporter combination (as defined in section 31111(a)),'' 
        after ``passengers,''.
SEC. 5524. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31136 note.>> EXEMPTIONS FROM 
                          REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN WELDING TRUCKS 
                          USED IN PIPELINE INDUSTRY.

    (a) Covered Motor Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered motor vehicle'' means a motor vehicle that--
            (1) is traveling in the State in which the vehicle is 
        registered or another State;
            (2) is owned by a welder;
            (3) is a pick-up style truck;
            (4) is equipped with a welding rig that is used in the 
        construction or maintenance of pipelines; and
            (5) has a gross vehicle weight and combination weight rating 
        and weight of 15,000 pounds or less.

    (b) Federal Requirements.--A covered motor vehicle, including the 
individual operating such vehicle and the employer of such individual, 
shall be exempt from the following:
            (1) Any requirement relating to registration as a motor 
        carrier, including the requirement to obtain and display a 
        Department of Transportation number, established under chapters 
        139 and 311 of title 49, United States Code.
            (2) Any requirement relating to driver qualifications 
        established under chapter 311 of title 49, United States Code.
            (3) Any requirement relating to driving of commercial motor 
        vehicles established under chapter 311 of title 49, United 
        States Code.
            (4) Any requirement relating to parts and accessories and 
        inspection, repair, and maintenance of commercial motor vehicles 
        established under chapter 311 of title 49, United States Code.
            (5) Any requirement relating to hours of service of drivers, 
        including maximum driving and on duty time, established under 
        chapter 315 of title 49, United States Code.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1561]]

SEC. 5525. REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, 
Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report describing the safety and enforcement impacts of sections 5520, 
5521, 5522, 5523, 5524, and 7208 of this Act.
    (b) Consultation.--In preparing the report required under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consult with States, State law enforcement 
agencies, entities impacted by the sections described in subsection (a), 
and other entities the Secretary considers appropriate.

TITLE VI-- <<NOTE: Transportation for Tomorrow Act of 2015.>> INNOVATION
SEC. 6001. <<NOTE: 23 USC 101 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Transportation for Tomorrow Act of 
2015''.
SEC. 6002. <<NOTE: 23 USC 501 note.>> AUTHORIZATION OF 
                          APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account):
            (1) Highway research and development program.--To carry out 
        section 503(b) of title 23, United States Code, $125,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
            (2) Technology and innovation deployment program.--To carry 
        out section 503(c) of title 23, United States Code--
                    (A) $67,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $67,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (3) Training and education.--To carry out section 504 of 
        title 23, United States Code, $24,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2016 through 2020.
            (4) Intelligent transportation systems program.--To carry 
        out sections 512 through 518 of title 23, United States Code, 
        $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.
            (5) University transportation centers program.--To carry out 
        section 5505 of title 49, United States Code--
                    (A) $72,500,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    (B) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    (C) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    (D) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    (E) $77,500,000 for fiscal year 2020.
            (6) Bureau of transportation statistics.--To carry out 
        chapter 63 of title 49, United States Code, $26,000,000 for each 
        of fiscal years 2016 through 2020.

    (b) Administration.--The Federal Highway Administration shall--
            (1) administer the programs described in paragraphs (1), 
        (2), and (3) of subsection (a); and
            (2) in consultation with relevant modal administrations, 
        administer the programs described in subsection (a)(4).

[[Page 129 STAT. 1562]]

    (c) Applicability of Title 23, United States Code.--Funds authorized 
to be appropriated by subsection (a) shall--
            (1) be available for obligation in the same manner as if 
        those funds were apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United 
        States Code, except that the Federal share of the cost of a 
        project or activity carried out using those funds shall be 80 
        percent, unless otherwise expressly provided by this Act 
        (including the amendments by this Act) or otherwise determined 
        by the Secretary; and
            (2) remain available until expended and not be transferable, 
        except as otherwise provided in this Act.
SEC. 6003. TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION DEPLOYMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 503(c)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``2013 through 2014'' 
        and inserting ``2016 through 2020''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Publication.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Not less frequently than 
                      annually, the Secretary shall issue and make 
                      available to the public on an Internet website a 
                      report on the cost and benefits from deployment of 
                      new technology and innovations that substantially 
                      and directly resulted from the program established 
                      under this paragraph.
                          ``(ii) Inclusions.--The report under clause 
                      (i) may include an analysis of--
                                    ``(I) Federal, State, and local cost 
                                savings;
                                    ``(II) project delivery time 
                                improvements;
                                    ``(III) reduced fatalities; and
                                    ``(IV) congestion impacts.''.
SEC. 6004. ADVANCED TRANSPORTATION AND CONGESTION MANAGEMENT 
                          TECHNOLOGIES DEPLOYMENT.

    Section 503(c) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
            ``(4) Advanced transportation technologies deployment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the 
                date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
                establish an advanced transportation and congestion 
                management technologies deployment initiative to provide 
                grants to eligible entities to develop model deployment 
                sites for large scale installation and operation of 
                advanced transportation technologies to improve safety, 
                efficiency, system performance, and infrastructure 
                return on investment.
                    ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall develop 
                criteria for selection of an eligible entity to receive 
                a grant under this paragraph, including how the 
                deployment of technology will--
                          ``(i) reduce costs and improve return on 
                      investments, including through the enhanced use of 
                      existing transportation capacity;
                          ``(ii) deliver environmental benefits that 
                      alleviate congestion and streamline traffic flow;
                          ``(iii) measure and improve the operational 
                      performance of the applicable transportation 
                      network;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1563]]

                          ``(iv) reduce the number and severity of 
                      traffic crashes and increase driver, passenger, 
                      and pedestrian safety;
                          ``(v) collect, disseminate, and use real-time 
                      traffic, transit, parking, and other 
                      transportation-related information to improve 
                      mobility, reduce congestion, and provide for more 
                      efficient and accessible transportation;
                          ``(vi) monitor transportation assets to 
                      improve infrastructure management, reduce 
                      maintenance costs, prioritize investment 
                      decisions, and ensure a state of good repair;
                          ``(vii) deliver economic benefits by reducing 
                      delays, improving system performance, and 
                      providing for the efficient and reliable movement 
                      of goods and services; or
                          ``(viii) accelerate the deployment of vehicle-
                      to-vehicle, vehicle-to-infrastructure, autonomous 
                      vehicles, and other technologies.
                    ``(C) Applications.--
                          ``(i) Request.--Not later than 6 months after 
                      the date of enactment of this paragraph, and for 
                      every fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary shall 
                      request applications in accordance with clause 
                      (ii).
                          ``(ii) Contents.--An application submitted 
                      under this subparagraph shall include the 
                      following:
                                    ``(I) Plan.--A plan to deploy and 
                                provide for the long-term operation and 
                                maintenance of advanced transportation 
                                and congestion management technologies 
                                to improve safety, efficiency, system 
                                performance, and return on investment.
                                    ``(II) Objectives.--Quantifiable 
                                system performance improvements, such 
                                as--
                                            ``(aa) reducing traffic-
                                        related crashes, congestion, and 
                                        costs;
                                            ``(bb) optimizing system 
                                        efficiency; and
                                            ``(cc) improving access to 
                                        transportation services.
                                    ``(III) Results.--Quantifiable 
                                safety, mobility, and environmental 
                                benefit projections such as data-driven 
                                estimates of how the project will 
                                improve the region's transportation 
                                system efficiency and reduce traffic 
                                congestion.
                                    ``(IV) Partnerships.--A plan for 
                                partnering with the private sector or 
                                public agencies, including multimodal 
                                and multijurisdictional entities, 
                                research institutions, organizations 
                                representing transportation and 
                                technology leaders, or other 
                                transportation stakeholders.
                                    ``(V) Leveraging.--A plan to 
                                leverage and optimize existing local and 
                                regional advanced transportation 
                                technology investments.
                    ``(D) Grant selection.--
                          ``(i) Grant awards.--Not later than 1 year 
                      after the date of enactment of this paragraph, and 
                      for every fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary 
                      shall award grants

[[Page 129 STAT. 1564]]

                      to not less than 5 and not more than 10 eligible 
                      entities.
                          ``(ii) Geographic diversity.--In awarding a 
                      grant under this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
                      ensure, to the extent practicable, that grant 
                      recipients represent diverse geographic areas of 
                      the United States, including urban and rural 
                      areas.
                          ``(iii) Technology diversity.--In awarding a 
                      grant under this paragraph, the Secretary shall 
                      ensure, to the extent practicable, that grant 
                      recipients represent diverse technology solutions.
                    ``(E) Use of grant funds.--A grant recipient may use 
                funds awarded under this paragraph to deploy advanced 
                transportation and congestion management technologies, 
                including--
                          ``(i) advanced traveler information systems;
                          ``(ii) advanced transportation management 
                      technologies;
                          ``(iii) infrastructure maintenance, 
                      monitoring, and condition assessment;
                          ``(iv) advanced public transportation systems;
                          ``(v) transportation system performance data 
                      collection, analysis, and dissemination systems;
                          ``(vi) advanced safety systems, including 
                      vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure 
                      communications, technologies associated with 
                      autonomous vehicles, and other collision avoidance 
                      technologies, including systems using cellular 
                      technology;
                          ``(vii) integration of intelligent 
                      transportation systems with the Smart Grid and 
                      other energy distribution and charging systems;
                          ``(viii) electronic pricing and payment 
                      systems; or
                          ``(ix) advanced mobility and access 
                      technologies, such as dynamic ridesharing and 
                      information systems to support human services for 
                      elderly and disabled individuals.
                    ``(F) Report to secretary.--For each eligible entity 
                that receives a grant under this paragraph, not later 
                than 1 year after the entity receives the grant, and 
                each year thereafter, the entity shall submit a report 
                to the Secretary that describes--
                          ``(i) deployment and operational costs of the 
                      project compared to the benefits and savings the 
                      project provides; and
                          ``(ii) how the project has met the original 
                      expectations projected in the deployment plan 
                      submitted with the application, such as--
                                    ``(I) data on how the project has 
                                helped reduce traffic crashes, 
                                congestion, costs, and other benefits of 
                                the deployed systems;
                                    ``(II) data on the effect of 
                                measuring and improving transportation 
                                system performance through the 
                                deployment of advanced technologies;
                                    ``(III) the effectiveness of 
                                providing real-time integrated traffic, 
                                transit, and multimodal transportation 
                                information to the public to make 
                                informed travel decisions; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1565]]

                                    ``(IV) lessons learned and 
                                recommendations for future deployment 
                                strategies to optimize transportation 
                                efficiency and multimodal system 
                                performance.
                    ``(G) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date 
                that the first grant is awarded under this paragraph, 
                and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall make 
                available to the public on an Internet website a report 
                that describes the effectiveness of grant recipients in 
                meeting their projected deployment plans, including data 
                provided under subparagraph (F) on how the program has--
                          ``(i) reduced traffic-related fatalities and 
                      injuries;
                          ``(ii) reduced traffic congestion and improved 
                      travel time reliability;
                          ``(iii) reduced transportation-related 
                      emissions;
                          ``(iv) optimized multimodal system 
                      performance;
                          ``(v) improved access to transportation 
                      alternatives;
                          ``(vi) provided the public with access to 
                      real-time integrated traffic, transit, and 
                      multimodal transportation information to make 
                      informed travel decisions;
                          ``(vii) provided cost savings to 
                      transportation agencies, businesses, and the 
                      traveling public; or
                          ``(viii) provided other benefits to 
                      transportation users and the general public.
                    ``(H) Additional grants.--The Secretary may cease to 
                provide additional grant funds to a recipient of a grant 
                under this paragraph if--
                          ``(i) the Secretary determines from such 
                      recipient's report that the recipient is not 
                      carrying out the requirements of the grant; and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary provides written notice 
                      60 days prior to withholding funds to the 
                      Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                      and Science, Space, and Technology of the House of 
                      Representatives and the Committees on Environment 
                      and Public Works and Commerce, Science, and 
                      Transportation of the Senate.
                    ``(I) Funding.--
                          ``(i) In general.--From funds made available 
                      to carry out subsection (b), this subsection, and 
                      sections 512 through 518, the Secretary shall set 
                      aside for grants awarded under subparagraph (D) 
                      $60,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
                      2020.
                          ``(ii) Expenses for the secretary.--Of the 
                      amounts set aside under clause (i), the Secretary 
                      may set aside $2,000,000 each fiscal year for 
                      program reporting, evaluation, and administrative 
                      costs related to this paragraph.
                    ``(J) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
                of a project for which a grant is awarded under this 
                subsection shall not exceed 50 percent of the cost of 
                the project.
                    ``(K) Grant limitation.--The Secretary may not award 
                more than 20 percent of the amount described under 
                subparagraph (I) in a fiscal year to a single grant 
                recipient.
                    ``(L) Expenses for grant recipients.--A grant 
                recipient under this paragraph may use not more than

[[Page 129 STAT. 1566]]

                5 percent of the funds awarded each fiscal year to carry 
                out planning and reporting requirements.
                    ``(M) Grant flexibility.--
                          ``(i) In general.--If, by August 1 of each 
                      fiscal year, the Secretary determines that there 
                      are not enough grant applications that meet the 
                      requirements described in subparagraph (C) to 
                      carry out this section for a fiscal year, the 
                      Secretary shall transfer to the programs specified 
                      in clause (ii)--
                                    ``(I) any of the funds reserved for 
                                the fiscal year under subparagraph (I) 
                                that the Secretary has not yet awarded 
                                under this paragraph; and
                                    ``(II) an amount of obligation 
                                limitation equal to the amount of funds 
                                that the Secretary transfers under 
                                subclause (I).
                          ``(ii) Programs.--The programs referred to in 
                      clause (i) are--
                                    ``(I) the program under subsection 
                                (b);
                                    ``(II) the program under this 
                                subsection; and
                                    ``(III) the programs under sections 
                                512 through 518.
                          ``(iii) Distribution.--Any transfer of funds 
                      and obligation limitation under clause (i) shall 
                      be divided among the programs referred to in that 
                      clause in the same proportions as the Secretary 
                      originally reserved funding from the programs for 
                      the fiscal year under subparagraph (I).
                    ``(N) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the following 
                definitions apply:
                          ``(i) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible 
                      entity' means a State or local government, a 
                      transit agency, metropolitan planning organization 
                      representing a population of over 200,000, or 
                      other political subdivision of a State or local 
                      government or a multijurisdictional group or a 
                      consortia of research institutions or academic 
                      institutions.
                          ``(ii) Advanced and congestion management 
                      transportation technologies.--The term `advanced 
                      transportation and congestion management 
                      technologies' means technologies that improve the 
                      efficiency, safety, or state of good repair of 
                      surface transportation systems, including 
                      intelligent transportation systems.
                          ``(iii) Multijurisdictional group.--The term 
                      `multijurisdictional group' means a any 
                      combination of State governments, local 
                      governments, metropolitan planning agencies, 
                      transit agencies, or other political subdivisions 
                      of a State for which each member of the group--
                                    ``(I) has signed a written agreement 
                                to implement the advanced transportation 
                                technologies deployment initiative 
                                across jurisdictional boundaries; and
                                    ``(II) is an eligible entity under 
                                this paragraph.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1567]]

SEC. 6005. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM GOALS.

    Section 514(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (4) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (5) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) enhancement of the national freight system and support 
        to national freight policy goals.''.
SEC. 6006. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PURPOSES.

    Section 514(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (8) by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (9) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(10) to assist in the development of cybersecurity 
        research in cooperation with relevant modal administrations of 
        the Department of Transportation and other Federal agencies to 
        help prevent hacking, spoofing, and disruption of connected and 
        automated transportation vehicles.''.
SEC. 6007. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM PROGRAM REPORT.

    Section 515(h)(4) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the 
matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
            (1) by striking ``February 1 of each year after the date of 
        enactment of the Transportation Research and Innovative 
        Technology Act of 2012'' and inserting ``May 1 of each year''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``submit to Congress'' and inserting ``make 
        available to the public on a Department of Transportation 
        website''.
SEC. 6008. INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM NATIONAL ARCHITECTURE 
                          AND STANDARDS.

    Section 517(a)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``memberships are comprised of, and represent,'' and inserting 
``memberships include representatives of''.
SEC. 6009. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS DEPLOYMENT REPORT.

    Section 518(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``Not later than 3'' and all 
that follows through ``House of Representatives'' and inserting ``Not 
later than July 6, 2016, the Secretary shall make available to the 
public on a Department of Transportation website a report''.
SEC. 6010. INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 519. <<NOTE: 23 USC 519 note.>> Infrastructure development

    ``Funds made available to carry out this chapter for operational 
tests of intelligent transportation systems--
            ``(1) shall be used primarily for the development of 
        intelligent transportation system infrastructure, equipment, and 
        systems; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1568]]

            ``(2) to the maximum extent practicable, shall not be used 
        for the construction of physical surface transportation 
        infrastructure unless the construction is incidental and 
        critically necessary to the implementation of an intelligent 
        transportation system project.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Clerical amendment.--The analysis for chapter 5 of title 
        23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:

``519. Infrastructure development.''.

            (2) Technical amendment.--The item relating to section 512 
        in the analysis for chapter 5 of title 23, United States 
        Code, <<NOTE: 23 USC prec. 501.>> is amended to read as follows:

``512. National ITS program plan.''.

SEC. 6011. DEPARTMENTAL RESEARCH PROGRAMS.

    (a) Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.--Section 
102(e)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking 
        ``5'' and inserting ``6''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``an Assistant 
        Secretary for Research and Technology,'' after ``Governmental 
        Affairs,''.

    (b) Research Activities.--Section 330 of title 49, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading by striking ``contracts'' and 
        inserting ``activities'';
            (2) in subsection (a) by striking ``The Secretary of'' and 
        inserting ``In General.--The Secretary of'';
            (3) in subsection (b) by striking ``In carrying'' and 
        inserting ``Responsibilities.--In carrying'';
            (4) in subsection (c) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Publications.--The Secretary''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(d) Duties.--The Secretary shall provide for the following:
            ``(1) Coordination, facilitation, and review of Department 
        of Transportation research and development programs and 
        activities.
            ``(2) Advancement, and research and development, of 
        innovative technologies, including intelligent transportation 
        systems.
            ``(3) Comprehensive transportation statistics research, 
        analysis, and reporting.
            ``(4) Education and training in transportation and 
        transportation-related fields.
            ``(5) Activities of the Volpe National Transportation 
        Systems Center.
            ``(6) Coordination in support of multimodal and 
        multidisciplinary research activities.

    ``(e) Additional Authorities.--The Secretary may--
            ``(1) enter into grants and cooperative agreements with 
        Federal agencies, State and local government agencies, other 
        public entities, private organizations, and other persons to 
        conduct research into transportation service and infrastructure 
        assurance and to carry out other research activities of the 
        Department of Transportation;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1569]]

            ``(2) carry out, on a cost-shared basis, collaborative 
        research and development to encourage innovative solutions to 
        multimodal transportation problems and stimulate the deployment 
        of new technology with--
                    ``(A) non-Federal entities, including State and 
                local governments, foreign governments, institutions of 
                higher education, corporations, institutions, 
                partnerships, sole proprietorships, and trade 
                associations that are incorporated or established under 
                the laws of any State;
                    ``(B) Federal laboratories; and
                    ``(C) other Federal agencies; and
            ``(3) directly initiate contracts, grants, cooperative 
        research and development agreements (as defined in section 12(d) 
        of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 
        U.S.C. 3710a(d))), and other agreements to fund, and accept 
        funds from, the Transportation Research Board of the National 
        Academies, State departments of transportation, cities, 
        counties, institutions of higher education, associations, and 
        the agents of those entities to carry out joint transportation 
        research and technology efforts.

    ``(f) Federal Share.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Federal 
        share of the cost of an activity carried out under subsection 
        (e)(3) shall not exceed 50 percent.
            ``(2) Exception.--If the Secretary determines that the 
        activity is of substantial public interest or benefit, the 
        Secretary may approve a greater Federal share.
            ``(3) Non-federal share.--All costs directly incurred by the 
        non-Federal partners, including personnel, travel, facility, and 
        hardware development costs, shall be credited toward the non-
        Federal share of the cost of an activity described in subsection 
        (e)(3).

    ``(g) Program Evaluation and Oversight.--For each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020, the Secretary is authorized to expend not more than 1 
\1/2\ percent of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
coordination, evaluation, and oversight of the programs administered by 
the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology.
    ``(h) Use of Technology.--The research, development, or use of a 
technology under a contract, grant, cooperative research and development 
agreement, or other agreement entered into under this section, including 
the terms under which the technology may be licensed and the resulting 
royalties may be distributed, shall be subject to the Stevenson-Wydler 
Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.).
    ``(i) Waiver of Advertising Requirements.--Section 6101 of title 41 
shall not apply to a contract, grant, or other agreement entered into 
under this section.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to section 330 in the 
analysis of chapter 3 of title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 
USC prec. 301.>> is amended to read as follows:

``330. Research activities.''.

    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Title 5 amendments.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1570]]

                    (A) Positions at level ii.--Section 5313 of title 5, 
                United States Code, is amended by striking ``The Under 
                Secretary of Transportation for Security.''.
                    (B) Positions at level iv.--Section 5315 of title 5, 
                United States Code, is amended in the undesignated item 
                relating to Assistant Secretaries of Transportation by 
                striking ``(4)'' and inserting ``(5)''.
                    (C) Positions at level v.--Section 5316 of title 5, 
                United States Code, is amended by striking ``Associate 
                Deputy Secretary, Department of Transportation.''.
            (2) Bureau of transportation statistics.--Section 6302 of 
        title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection 
        (a) and inserting the following:

    ``(a) In General.--There shall be within the Department of 
Transportation the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.''.
SEC. 6012. RESEARCH AND INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 112 of title 49, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 101.>> is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 112.
SEC. 6013. WEB-BASED TRAINING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS.

    Section 5115(a) of title 49, United States Code, is amended in the 
first sentence by inserting ``, including online curriculum as 
appropriate,'' after ``a current curriculum of courses''.
SEC. 6014. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 5118 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) coordinate, as appropriate, with other Federal 
                agencies.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(c) Cooperative Research.--
            ``(1) In general.--As part of the program established under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary may carry out cooperative research 
        on hazardous materials transport.
            ``(2) National academies.--The Secretary may enter into an 
        agreement with the National Academies to support research 
        described in paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Research.--Research conducted under this subsection 
        may include activities relating to--
                    ``(A) emergency planning and response, including 
                information and programs that can be readily assessed 
                and implemented in local jurisdictions;
                    ``(B) risk analysis and perception and data 
                assessment;
                    ``(C) commodity flow data, including voluntary 
                collaboration between shippers and first responders for 
                secure data exchange of critical information;
                    ``(D) integration of safety and security;
                    ``(E) cargo packaging and handling;
                    ``(F) hazmat release consequences; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1571]]

                    ``(G) materials and equipment testing.''.
SEC. 6015. OFFICE OF INTERMODALISM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 5503 of title 49, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 55 of title 49, 
United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 5501.>> is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 5503.
SEC. 6016. UNIVERSITY TRANSPORTATION CENTERS.

    Section 5505 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 5505. University transportation centers program

    ``(a) University Transportation Centers Program.--
            ``(1) Establishment and operation.--The Secretary shall make 
        grants under this section to eligible nonprofit institutions of 
        higher education to establish and operate university 
        transportation centers.
            ``(2) Role of centers.--The role of each university 
        transportation center referred to in paragraph (1) shall be--
                    ``(A) to advance transportation expertise and 
                technology in the varied disciplines that comprise the 
                field of transportation through education, research, and 
                technology transfer activities;
                    ``(B) to provide for a critical transportation 
                knowledge base outside of the Department of 
                Transportation; and
                    ``(C) to address critical workforce needs and 
                educate the next generation of transportation leaders.

    ``(b) Competitive Selection Process.--
            ``(1) Applications.--To receive a grant under this section, 
        a consortium of nonprofit institutions of higher education shall 
        submit to the Secretary an application that is in such form and 
        contains such information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(2) Restriction.--
                    ``(A) Limitation.--A lead institution of a 
                consortium of nonprofit institutions of higher 
                education, as applicable, may only receive 1 grant per 
                fiscal year for each of the transportation centers 
                described under paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of 
                subsection (c).
                    ``(B) Exception for consortium members that are not 
                lead institutions.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to 
                a nonprofit institution of higher education that is a 
                member of a consortium of nonprofit institutions of 
                higher education but not the lead institution of such 
                consortium.
            ``(3) Coordination.--The Secretary shall solicit grant 
        applications for national transportation centers, regional 
        transportation centers, and Tier 1 university transportation 
        centers with identical advertisement schedules and deadlines.
            ``(4) General selection criteria.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided by 
                this section, the Secretary shall award grants under 
                this section in nonexclusive candidate topic areas 
                established by the Secretary that address the research 
                priorities identified in chapter 65.
                    ``(B) Criteria.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
                the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology and 
                the Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration

[[Page 129 STAT. 1572]]

                and other modal administrations as appropriate, shall 
                select each recipient of a grant under this section 
                through a competitive process based on the assessment of 
                the Secretary relating to--
                          ``(i) the demonstrated ability of the 
                      recipient to address each specific topic area 
                      described in the research and strategic plans of 
                      the recipient;
                          ``(ii) the demonstrated research, technology 
                      transfer, and education resources available to the 
                      recipient to carry out this section;
                          ``(iii) the ability of the recipient to 
                      provide leadership in solving immediate and long-
                      range national and regional transportation 
                      problems;
                          ``(iv) the ability of the recipient to carry 
                      out research, education, and technology transfer 
                      activities that are multimodal and 
                      multidisciplinary in scope;
                          ``(v) the demonstrated commitment of the 
                      recipient to carry out transportation workforce 
                      development programs through--
                                    ``(I) degree-granting programs or 
                                programs that provide other industry-
                                recognized credentials; and
                                    ``(II) outreach activities to 
                                attract new entrants into the 
                                transportation field, including women 
                                and underrepresented populations;
                          ``(vi) the demonstrated ability of the 
                      recipient to disseminate results and spur the 
                      implementation of transportation research and 
                      education programs through national or statewide 
                      continuing education programs;
                          ``(vii) the demonstrated commitment of the 
                      recipient to the use of peer review principles and 
                      other research best practices in the selection, 
                      management, and dissemination of research 
                      projects;
                          ``(viii) the strategic plan submitted by the 
                      recipient describing the proposed research to be 
                      carried out by the recipient and the performance 
                      metrics to be used in assessing the performance of 
                      the recipient in meeting the stated research, 
                      technology transfer, education, and outreach 
                      goals; and
                          ``(ix) the ability of the recipient to 
                      implement the proposed program in a cost-efficient 
                      manner, such as through cost sharing and overall 
                      reduced overhead, facilities, and administrative 
                      costs.
            ``(5) Transparency.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide to 
                each applicant, upon request, any materials, including 
                copies of reviews (with any information that would 
                identify a reviewer redacted), used in the evaluation 
                process of the proposal of the applicant.
                    ``(B) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
                Committees on Transportation and Infrastructure and 
                Science, Space, and Technology of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Environment and 
                Public Works of the Senate a report describing the 
                overall review process under paragraph (4) that 
                includes--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1573]]

                          ``(i) specific criteria of evaluation used in 
                      the review;
                          ``(ii) descriptions of the review process; and
                          ``(iii) explanations of the selected awards.
            ``(6) Outside stakeholders.--The Secretary shall, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, consult external stakeholders, 
        including the Transportation Research Board of the National 
        Research Council of the National Academies, to evaluate and 
        competitively review all proposals.

    ``(c) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary shall select grant 
        recipients under subsection (b) and make grant amounts available 
        to the selected recipients.
            ``(2) National transportation centers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Secretary shall provide grants to 5 consortia that the 
                Secretary determines best meet the criteria described in 
                subsection (b)(4).
                    ``(B) Restrictions.--
                          ``(i) In general.--For each fiscal year, a 
                      grant made available under this paragraph shall be 
                      not greater than $4,000,000 and not less than 
                      $2,000,000 per recipient.
                          ``(ii) Focused research.--A consortium 
                      receiving a grant under this paragraph shall focus 
                      research on 1 of the transportation issue areas 
                      specified in section 6503(c).
                    ``(C) Matching requirement.--
                          ``(i) In general.--As a condition of receiving 
                      a grant under this paragraph, a grant recipient 
                      shall match 100 percent of the amounts made 
                      available under the grant.
                          ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts referred 
                      to in clause (i) may include amounts made 
                      available to the recipient under--
                                    ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                                    ``(II) section 505 of title 23.
            ``(3) Regional university transportation centers.--
                    ``(A) Location of regional centers.--One regional 
                university transportation center shall be located in 
                each of the 10 Federal regions that comprise the 
                Standard Federal Regions established by the Office of 
                Management and Budget in the document entitled `Standard 
                Federal Regions' and dated April 1974 (circular A-105).
                    ``(B) Selection criteria.--In conducting a 
                competition under subsection (b), the Secretary shall 
                provide grants to 10 consortia on the basis of--
                          ``(i) the criteria described in subsection 
                      (b)(4);
                          ``(ii) the location of the lead center within 
                      the Federal region to be served; and
                          ``(iii) whether the consortium of institutions 
                      demonstrates that the consortium has a well-
                      established, nationally recognized program in 
                      transportation research and education, as 
                      evidenced by--
                                    ``(I) recent expenditures by the 
                                institution in highway or public 
                                transportation research;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1574]]

                                    ``(II) a historical track record of 
                                awarding graduate degrees in 
                                professional fields closely related to 
                                highways and public transportation; and
                                    ``(III) an experienced faculty who 
                                specialize in professional fields 
                                closely related to highways and public 
                                transportation.
                    ``(C) Restrictions.--For each fiscal year, a grant 
                made available under this paragraph shall be not greater 
                than $3,000,000 and not less than $1,500,000 per 
                recipient.
                    ``(D) Matching requirements.--
                          ``(i) In general.--As a condition of receiving 
                      a grant under this paragraph, a grant recipient 
                      shall match 100 percent of the amounts made 
                      available under the grant.
                          ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts referred 
                      to in clause (i) may include amounts made 
                      available to the recipient under--
                                    ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                                    ``(II) section 505 of title 23.
                    ``(E) Focused research.--The Secretary shall make a 
                grant to 1 of the 10 regional university transportation 
                centers established under this paragraph for the purpose 
                of furthering the objectives described in subsection 
                (a)(2) in the field of comprehensive transportation 
                safety, congestion, connected vehicles, connected 
                infrastructure, and autonomous vehicles.
            ``(4) Tier 1 university transportation centers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide 
                grants of not greater than $2,000,000 and not less than 
                $1,000,000 to not more than 20 recipients to carry out 
                this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Matching requirement.--
                          ``(i) In general.--As a condition of receiving 
                      a grant under this paragraph, a grant recipient 
                      shall match 50 percent of the amounts made 
                      available under the grant.
                          ``(ii) Sources.--The matching amounts referred 
                      to in clause (i) may include amounts made 
                      available to the recipient under--
                                    ``(I) section 504(b) of title 23; or
                                    ``(II) section 505 of title 23.
                    ``(C) Focused research.--In awarding grants under 
                this section, consideration shall be given to minority 
                institutions, as defined by section 365 of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067k), or consortia 
                that include such institutions that have demonstrated an 
                ability in transportation-related research.

    ``(d) Program Coordination.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) coordinate the research, education, and 
                technology transfer activities carried out by grant 
                recipients under this section; and
                    ``(B) disseminate the results of that research 
                through the establishment and operation of a publicly 
                accessible online information clearinghouse.
            ``(2) Annual review and evaluation.--Not less frequently 
        than annually, and consistent with the plan developed under 
        section 6503, the Secretary shall--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1575]]

                    ``(A) review and evaluate the programs carried out 
                under this section by grant recipients; and
                    ``(B) submit to the Committees on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure and Science, Space, and Technology of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committees on 
                Environment and Public Works and Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate a report describing that 
                review and evaluation.
            ``(3) Program evaluation and oversight.--For each of fiscal 
        years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary shall expend not more 
        than 1 and a half percent of the amounts made available to the 
        Secretary to carry out this section for any coordination, 
        evaluation, and oversight activities of the Secretary under this 
        section.

    ``(e) Limitation on Availability of Amounts.--Amounts made available 
to the Secretary to carry out this section shall remain available for 
obligation by the Secretary for a period of 3 years after the last day 
of the fiscal year for which the amounts are authorized.
    ``(f) Information Collection.--Any survey, questionnaire, or 
interview that the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out 
reporting requirements relating to any program assessment or evaluation 
activity under this section, including customer satisfaction 
assessments, shall not be subject to chapter 35 of title 44.''.
SEC. 6017. BUREAU OF TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS.

    Section 6302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(d) Independence of Bureau.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Director shall not be required--
                    ``(A) to obtain the approval of any other officer or 
                employee of the Department with respect to the 
                collection or analysis of any information; or
                    ``(B) prior to publication, to obtain the approval 
                of any other officer or employee of the United States 
                Government with respect to the substance of any 
                statistical technical reports or press releases lawfully 
                prepared by the Director.
            ``(2) Budget authority.--The Director shall have a 
        significant role in the disposition and allocation of the 
        authorized budget of the Bureau, including--
                    ``(A) all hiring, grants, cooperative agreements, 
                and contracts awarded by the Bureau to carry out this 
                section; and
                    ``(B) the disposition and allocation of amounts paid 
                to the Bureau for cost-reimbursable projects.
            ``(3) Exceptions.--The Secretary shall direct external 
        support functions, such as the coordination of activities 
        involving multiple modal administrations.
            ``(4) Information technology.--The Department Chief 
        Information Officer shall consult with the Director to ensure 
        decisions related to information technology guarantee the 
        protection of the confidentiality of information provided solely 
        for statistical purposes, in accordance with the Confidential 
        Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act of 2002 
        (44 U.S.C. 3501 note; Public Law 107-347).''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1576]]

SEC. 6018. PORT PERFORMANCE FREIGHT STATISTICS PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 63 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 6314. <<NOTE: 49 USC 6314.>> Port performance freight 
                  statistics program

    ``(a) In General.--The Director shall establish, on behalf of the 
Secretary, a port performance statistics program to provide nationally 
consistent measures of performance of, at a minimum--
            ``(1) the Nation's top 25 ports by tonnage;
            ``(2) the Nation's top 25 ports by 20-foot equivalent unit; 
        and
            ``(3) the Nation's top 25 ports by dry bulk.

    ``(b) Reports.--
            ``(1) Port capacity and throughput.--Not later than January 
        15 of each year, the Director shall submit an annual report to 
        Congress that includes statistics on capacity and throughput at 
        the ports described in subsection (a).
            ``(2) Port performance measures.--The Director shall collect 
        port performance measures for each of the United States ports 
        referred to in subsection (a) that--
                    ``(A) receives Federal assistance; or
                    ``(B) is subject to Federal regulation to submit 
                necessary information to the Bureau that includes 
                statistics on capacity and throughput as applicable to 
                the specific configuration of the port.

    ``(c) Recommendations.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Director shall obtain recommendations 
        for--
                    ``(A) port performance measures, including 
                specifications and data measurements to be used in the 
                program established under subsection (a); and
                    ``(B) a process for the Department to collect timely 
                and consistent data, including identifying safeguards to 
                protect proprietary information described in subsection 
                (b)(2).
            ``(2) Working group.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of the enactment of the Transportation for Tomorrow Act of 2015, 
        the Director shall commission a working group composed of--
                    ``(A) operating administrations of the Department;
                    ``(B) the Coast Guard;
                    ``(C) the Federal Maritime Commission;
                    ``(D) U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
                    ``(E) the Marine Transportation System National 
                Advisory Council;
                    ``(F) the Army Corps of Engineers;
                    ``(G) the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development 
                Corporation;
                    ``(H) the Bureau of Labor Statistics;
                    ``(I) the Maritime Advisory Committee for 
                Occupational Safety and Health;
                    ``(J) the Advisory Committee on Supply Chain 
                Competitiveness;
                    ``(K) 1 representative from the rail industry;
                    ``(L) 1 representative from the trucking industry;
                    ``(M) 1 representative from the maritime shipping 
                industry;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1577]]

                    ``(N) 1 representative from a labor organization for 
                each industry described in subparagraphs (K) through 
                (M);
                    ``(O) 1 representative from the International 
                Longshoremen's Association;
                    ``(P) 1 representative from the International 
                Longshore and Warehouse Union;
                    ``(Q) 1 representative from a port authority;
                    ``(R) 1 representative from a terminal operator;
                    ``(S) representatives of the National Freight 
                Advisory Committee of the Department; and
                    ``(T) representatives of the Transportation Research 
                Board of the National Academies of Sciences, 
                Engineering, and Medicine.
            ``(3) Recommendations.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of the Transportation for Tomorrow Act of 2015, 
        the working group commissioned under paragraph (2) shall submit 
        its recommendations to the Director.

    ``(d) Access to Data.--The Director shall ensure that--
            ``(1) the statistics compiled under this section--
                    ``(A) are readily accessible to the public; and
                    ``(B) are consistent with applicable security 
                constraints and confidentiality interests; and
            ``(2) the data acquired, regardless of source, shall be 
        protected in accordance with the Confidential Information 
        Protection and Statistical Efficiency Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 
        3501 note; Public Law 107-347).''.

    (b) Prohibition on Certain Disclosures; Copies of Reports.--Section 
6307(b) of such title is amended, by inserting ``or section 6314(b)'' 
after ``section 6302(b)(3)(B)'' each place it appears.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 63 of 
such title <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 6301.>> is amended by adding at the end 
the following:

``6314. Port performance freight statistics program.''.

SEC. 6019. <<NOTE: 49 USC 6501 note.>> RESEARCH PLANNING.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) Federal transportation research planning--
                    (A) should be coordinated by the Office of the 
                Secretary; and
                    (B) should be, to the extent practicable, multimodal 
                and not occur solely within the sub-agencies of the 
                Department;
            (2) managing a multimodal research portfolio within the 
        Office of the Secretary will--
                    (A) help identify opportunities in which research 
                could be applied across modes; and
                    (B) prevent duplication of efforts and waste of 
                limited Federal resources;
            (3) the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology at 
        the Department of Transportation will--
                    (A) give stakeholders a formal opportunity to 
                address concerns;
                    (B) ensure unbiased research; and
                    (C) improve the overall research products of the 
                Department; and
            (4) increasing transparency of transportation research and 
        development efforts will--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1578]]

                    (A) build stakeholder confidence in the final 
                product; and
                    (B) lead to the improved implementation of research 
                findings.

    (b) Research Planning.--
            (1) In general.--Subtitle III of title 49, United States 
        Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC prec. 6501.>> is amended by inserting after 
        chapter 63 the following:

                     ``CHAPTER 65--RESEARCH PLANNING

``Sec.
``6501. Annual modal research plans.
``6502. Consolidated research database.
``6503. Transportation research and development 5-year strategic plan.

``SEC. 6501. <<NOTE: 49 USC 6501.>> ANNUAL MODAL RESEARCH PLANS.

    ``(a) Modal Plans Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than May 1 of each year, the 
        head of each modal administration and joint program office of 
        the Department of Transportation shall submit to the Assistant 
        Secretary for Research and Technology of the Department of 
        Transportation (referred to in this chapter as the `Assistant 
        Secretary') a comprehensive annual modal research plan for the 
        upcoming fiscal year and a detailed outlook for the following 
        fiscal year.
            ``(2) Relationship to strategic plan.--Each plan submitted 
        under paragraph (1), after the plan required in 2016, shall be 
        consistent with the strategic plan developed under section 6503.

    ``(b) Review.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than September 1 of each year, 
        the Assistant Secretary, for each plan and outlook submitted 
        pursuant to subsection (a), shall--
                    ``(A) review the scope of the research; and
                    ``(B)(i) approve the plan and outlook; or
                    ``(ii) request that the plan and outlook be revised 
                and resubmitted for approval.
            ``(2) Publications.--Not later than January 30 of each year, 
        the Secretary shall publish on a public website each plan and 
        outlook that has been approved under paragraph (1)(B)(i).
            ``(3) Rejection of duplicative research efforts.--The 
        Assistant Secretary may not approve any plan submitted by the 
        head of a modal administration or joint program office pursuant 
        to subsection (a) if any of the projects described in the plan 
        duplicate significant aspects of research efforts of any other 
        modal administration.

    ``(c) Funding Limitations.--No funds may be expended by the 
Department of Transportation on research that has been determined by the 
Assistant Secretary under subsection (b)(3) to be duplicative unless--
            ``(1) the research is required by an Act of Congress;
            ``(2) the research was part of a contract that was funded 
        before the date of enactment of this chapter;
            ``(3) the research updates previously commissioned research; 
        or

[[Page 129 STAT. 1579]]

            ``(4) the Assistant Secretary certifies to Congress that 
        such research is necessary, and provides justification for such 
        certification.

    ``(d) Certification.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall annually certify to 
        Congress that--
                    ``(A) each modal research plan has been reviewed; 
                and
                    ``(B) there is no duplication of study for research 
                directed, commissioned, or conducted by the Department 
                of Transportation.
            ``(2) Corrective action plan.--If the Secretary, after 
        submitting a certification under paragraph (1), identifies 
        duplication of research within the Department of Transportation, 
        the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) notify Congress of the duplicative research; 
                and
                    ``(B) submit to Congress a corrective action plan to 
                eliminate the duplicative research.
``SEC. 6502. <<NOTE: 49 USC 6502.>> CONSOLIDATED RESEARCH 
                          DATABASE.

    ``(a) Research Abstract Database.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall annually publish on a 
        public website a comprehensive database of all research projects 
        conducted by the Department of Transportation, including, to the 
        extent practicable, research funded through University 
        Transportation Centers.
            ``(2) Contents.--The database published under paragraph (1) 
        shall, to the extent practicable--
                    ``(A) include the consolidated modal research plans 
                approved under section 6501(b)(1)(B)(i);
                    ``(B) describe the research objectives, progress, 
                findings, and allocated funds for each research project;
                    ``(C) identify research projects with multimodal 
                applications;
                    ``(D) specify how relevant modal administrations 
                have assisted, will contribute to, or plan to use the 
                findings from the research projects identified under 
                paragraph (1);
                    ``(E) identify areas in which more than 1 modal 
                administration is conducting research on a similar 
                subject or a subject that has a bearing on more than 1 
                mode;
                    ``(F) indicate how the findings of research are 
                being disseminated to improve the efficiency, 
                effectiveness, and safety of transportation systems; and
                    ``(G) describe the public and stakeholder input to 
                the research plans submitted under section 6501(a)(1).

    ``(b) Funding Report.--In conjunction with each of the annual budget 
requests submitted by the President under section 1105 of title 31, the 
Secretary shall annually publish on a public website and submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report that describes--
            ``(1) the amount spent in the last full fiscal year on 
        transportation research and development with specific 
        descriptions of projects funded at $5,000,000 or more; and
            ``(2) the amount proposed in the current budget for 
        transportation research and development with specific 
        descriptions of projects funded at $5,000,000 or more.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1580]]

    ``(c) Performance Plans and Reports.--In the plans and reports 
submitted under sections 1115 and 1116 of title 31, the Secretary shall 
include--
            ``(1) a summary of the Federal transportation research and 
        development activities for the previous fiscal year in each 
        topic area;
            ``(2) the amount spent in each topic area;
            ``(3) a description of the extent to which the research and 
        development is meeting the expectations described in section 
        6503(c)(1); and
            ``(4) any amendments to the strategic plan developed under 
        section 6503.
``SEC. 6503. <<NOTE: 49 USC 6503.>> TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH AND 
                          DEVELOPMENT 5-YEAR STRATEGIC PLAN.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall develop a 5-year 
transportation research and development strategic plan to guide future 
Federal transportation research and development activities.
    ``(b) Consistency.--The strategic plan developed under subsection 
(a) shall be consistent with--
            ``(1) section 306 of title 5;
            ``(2) sections 1115 and 1116 of title 31; and
            ``(3) any other research and development plan within the 
        Department of Transportation.

    ``(c) Contents.--The strategic plan developed under subsection (a) 
shall--
            ``(1) describe how the plan furthers the primary purposes of 
        the transportation research and development program, which shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) improving mobility of people and goods;
                    ``(B) reducing congestion;
                    ``(C) promoting safety;
                    ``(D) improving the durability and extending the 
                life of transportation infrastructure;
                    ``(E) preserving the environment; and
                    ``(F) preserving the existing transportation system;
            ``(2) for each of the purposes referred to in paragraph (1), 
        list the primary proposed research and development activities 
        that the Department of Transportation intends to pursue to 
        accomplish that purpose, which may include--
                    ``(A) fundamental research pertaining to the applied 
                physical and natural sciences;
                    ``(B) applied science and research;
                    ``(C) technology development research; and
                    ``(D) social science research; and
            ``(3) for each research and development activity--
                    ``(A) identify the anticipated annual funding levels 
                for the period covered by the strategic plan; and
                    ``(B) describe the research findings the Department 
                expects to discover at the end of the period covered by 
                the strategic plan.

    ``(d) Considerations.--The Secretary shall ensure that the strategic 
plan developed under this section--
            ``(1) reflects input from a wide range of external 
        stakeholders;
            ``(2) includes and integrates the research and development 
        programs of all of the modal administrations of the Department

[[Page 129 STAT. 1581]]

        of Transportation, including aviation, transit, rail, and 
        maritime and joint programs;
            ``(3) takes into account research and development by other 
        Federal, State, local, private sector, and nonprofit 
        institutions;
            ``(4) not later than December 31, 2016, is published on a 
        public website; and
            ``(5) takes into account how research and development by 
        other Federal, State, private sector, and nonprofit 
        institutions--
                    ``(A) contributes to the achievement of the purposes 
                identified under subsection (c)(1); and
                    ``(B) avoids unnecessary duplication of those 
                efforts.

    ``(e) Interim Report.--Not later than 2 \1/2\ years after the date 
of enactment of this chapter, the Secretary may publish on a public 
website an interim report that--
            ``(1) provides an assessment of the 5-year research and 
        development strategic plan of the Department of Transportation 
        described in this section; and
            ``(2) includes a description of the extent to which the 
        research and development is or is not successfully meeting the 
        purposes described under subsection (c)(1).''.

    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of chapters for 
subtitle III of title 49, United States Code, <<NOTE: 49 USC 5101.>> is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``63. Bureau of Transportation Statistics......................... 6301 
``65. Research planning..........................................6501''.

    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Chapter 5 of title 23.--Chapter 5 of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking section 508;
                    (B) in the table of contents, by striking the item 
                relating to section 508;
                    (C) in section 502--
                          (i) in subsection (a)(9), by striking 
                      ``transportation research and technology 
                      development strategic plan developed under section 
                      508'' and inserting ``transportation research and 
                      development strategic plan under section 6503 of 
                      title 49''; and
                          (ii) in subsection (b)(4), by striking 
                      ``transportation research and development 
                      strategic plan of the Secretary developed under 
                      section 508'' and inserting ``transportation 
                      research and development strategic plan under 
                      section 6503 of title 49''; and
                    (D) in section 512(b), by striking ``as part of the 
                transportation research and development strategic plan 
                developed under section 508''.
            (2) Intelligent transportation systems.--The Intelligent 
        Transportation Systems Act of 1998 (23 U.S.C. 502 note; Public 
        Law 105-178) is amended--
                    (A) in section 5205(b), by striking ``as part of the 
                Surface Transportation Research and Development 
                Strategic Plan developed under section 508 of title 23'' 
                and inserting ``as part of the transportation research 
                and development strategic plan under section 6503 of 
                title 49''; and
                    (B) in section 5206(e)(2)(A), by striking ``or the 
                Surface Transportation Research and Development 
                Strategic Plan developed under section 508 of title 23'' 
                and inserting ``or

[[Page 129 STAT. 1582]]

                the transportation research and development strategic 
                plan under section 6503 of title 49''.
            (3) Intelligent transportation system research.--Section 
        5305(h)(3)(A) of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 512 note; Public Law 109-
        59) is amended by striking ``the strategic plan under section 
        508 of title 23, United States Code'' and inserting ``the 5-year 
        strategic plan under 6503 of title 49, United States Code''.
SEC. 6020. <<NOTE: 23 USC 503 note.>> SURFACE TRANSPORTATION 
                          SYSTEM FUNDING ALTERNATIVES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program to provide 
grants to States to demonstrate user-based alternative revenue 
mechanisms that utilize a user fee structure to maintain the long-term 
solvency of the Highway Trust Fund.
    (b) Application.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, a 
State or group of States shall submit to the Secretary an application in 
such form and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
    (c) Objectives.--The Secretary shall ensure that the activities 
carried out using funds provided under this section meet the following 
objectives:
            (1) To test the design, acceptance, and implementation of 2 
        or more future user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.
            (2) To improve the functionality of such user-based 
        alternative revenue mechanisms.
            (3) To conduct outreach to increase public awareness 
        regarding the need for alternative funding sources for surface 
        transportation programs and to provide information on possible 
        approaches.
            (4) To provide recommendations regarding adoption and 
        implementation of user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.
            (5) To minimize the administrative cost of any potential 
        user-based alternative revenue mechanisms.

    (d) Use of Funds.--A State or group of States receiving funds under 
this section to test the design, acceptance, and implementation of a 
user-based alternative revenue mechanism--
            (1) shall address--
                    (A) the implementation, interoperability, public 
                acceptance, and other potential hurdles to the adoption 
                of the user-based alternative revenue mechanism;
                    (B) the protection of personal privacy;
                    (C) the use of independent and private third-party 
                vendors to collect fees and operate the user-based 
                alternative revenue mechanism;
                    (D) market-based congestion mitigation, if 
                appropriate;
                    (E) equity concerns, including the impacts of the 
                user-based alternative revenue mechanism on differing 
                income groups, various geographic areas, and the 
                relative burdens on rural and urban drivers;
                    (F) ease of compliance for different users of the 
                transportation system; and
                    (G) the reliability and security of technology used 
                to implement the user-based alternative revenue 
                mechanism; and
            (2) may address--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1583]]

                    (A) the flexibility and choices of user-based 
                alternative revenue mechanisms, including the ability of 
                users to select from various technology and payment 
                options;
                    (B) the cost of administering the user-based 
                alternative revenue mechanism; and
                    (C) the ability of the administering entity to audit 
                and enforce user compliance.

    (e) Consideration.--The Secretary shall consider geographic 
diversity in awarding grants under this section.
    (f) Limitations on Revenue Collected.--Any revenue collected through 
a user-based alternative revenue mechanism established using funds 
provided under this section shall not be considered a toll under section 
301 of title 23, United States Code.
    (g) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of an activity 
carried out under this section may not exceed 50 percent of the total 
cost of the activity.
    (h) Report to Secretary.--Not later than 1 year after the date on 
which the first eligible entity receives a grant under this section, and 
each year thereafter, each recipient of a grant under this section shall 
submit to the Secretary a report that describes--
            (1) how the demonstration activities carried out with grant 
        funds meet the objectives described in subsection (c); and
            (2) lessons learned for future deployment of alternative 
        revenue mechanisms that utilize a user fee structure.

    (i) Biennial Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter until the completion 
of the demonstration activities under this section, the Secretary shall 
make available to the public on an Internet website a report describing 
the progress of the demonstration activities.
    (j) Funding.--Of the funds authorized to carry out section 503(b) of 
title 23, United States Code--
            (1) $15,000,000 shall be used to carry out this section for 
        fiscal year 2016; and
            (2) $20,000,000 shall be used to carry out this section for 
        each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020.

    (k) Grant Flexibility.--If, by August 1 of each fiscal year, the 
Secretary determines that there are not enough grant applications that 
meet the requirements of this section for a fiscal year, Secretary shall 
transfer to the program under section 503(b) of title 23, United States 
Code--
            (1) any of the funds reserved for the fiscal year under 
        subsection (j) that the Secretary has not yet awarded under this 
        section; and
            (2) an amount of obligation limitation equal to the amount 
        of funds that the Secretary transfers under paragraph (1).
SEC. 6021. FUTURE INTERSTATE STUDY.

    (a) Future Interstate System Study.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into an 
agreement with the Transportation Research Board of the National 
Academies to conduct a study on the actions needed to upgrade and 
restore the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and 
Defense Highways to its role as a premier system that meets the growing 
and shifting demands of the 21st century.
    (b) Methodologies.--In conducting the study, the Transportation 
Research Board shall build on the methodologies examined

[[Page 129 STAT. 1584]]

and recommended in the report prepared for the American Association of 
State Highway and Transportation Officials titled ``National Cooperative 
Highway Research Program Project 20-24(79): Specifications for a 
National Study of the Future 3R, 4R, and Capacity Needs of the 
Interstate System'', dated December 2013.
    (c) Contents of Study.--The study--
            (1) shall include specific recommendations regarding the 
        features, standards, capacity needs, application of 
        technologies, and intergovernmental roles to upgrade the 
        Interstate System, including any revisions to law (including 
        regulations) that the Transportation Research Board determines 
        appropriate; and
            (2) is encouraged to build on the institutional knowledge in 
        the highway industry in applying the techniques involved in 
        implementing the study.

    (d) Considerations.--In carrying out the study, the Transportation 
Research Board shall determine the need for reconstruction and 
improvement of the Interstate System by considering--
            (1) future demands on transportation infrastructure 
        determined for national planning purposes, including commercial 
        and private traffic flows to serve future economic activity and 
        growth;
            (2) the expected condition of the current Interstate System 
        over the period of 50 years beginning on the date of enactment 
        of this Act, including long-term deterioration and 
        reconstruction needs;
            (3) features that would take advantage of technological 
        capabilities to address modern standards of construction, 
        maintenance, and operations, for purposes of safety, and system 
        management, taking into further consideration system performance 
        and cost;
            (4) those National Highway System routes that should be 
        added to the existing Interstate System to more efficiently 
        serve national traffic flows; and
            (5) the resources necessary to maintain and improve the 
        Interstate System, including the resources required to upgrade 
        the National Highway System routes identified in paragraph (4) 
        to Interstate standards.

    (e) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the Transportation 
Research Board--
            (1) shall convene and consult with a panel of national 
        experts, including operators and users of the Interstate System 
        and private sector stakeholders; and
            (2) is encouraged to consult with--
                    (A) the Federal Highway Administration;
                    (B) States;
                    (C) planning agencies at the metropolitan, State, 
                and regional levels;
                    (D) the motor carrier industry;
                    (E) freight shippers;
                    (F) highway safety groups; and
                    (G) other appropriate entities.

    (f) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Transportation Research Board shall submit to the 
Secretary, the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate, 
and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the study conducted under 
this section.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1585]]

    (g) Funding.--From amounts authorized to carry out the Highway 
Research and Development Program, the Secretary shall use to carry out 
this section not more than $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.
SEC. 6022. HIGHWAY EFFICIENCY.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may examine the impact of 
        pavement durability and sustainability on vehicle fuel 
        consumption, vehicle wear and tear, road conditions, and road 
        repairs.
            (2) Methodology.--In carrying out the study, the Secretary 
        shall--
                    (A) conduct a thorough review of relevant peer-
                reviewed research published during at least the past 5 
                years;
                    (B) analyze impacts of different types of pavement 
                on all motor vehicle types, including commercial 
                vehicles;
                    (C) specifically examine the impact of pavement 
                deformation and deflection; and
                    (D) analyze impacts of different types of pavement 
                on road conditions and road repairs.
            (3) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the Secretary 
        shall consult with--
                    (A) modal administrations of the Department and 
                other Federal agencies, including the National Institute 
                of Standards and Technology;
                    (B) State departments of transportation;
                    (C) industry stakeholders; and
                    (D) appropriate academic experts.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish on a public 
        website a report describing the results of the study.
            (2) Contents.--The report shall include--
                    (A) a summary of the different types of pavements 
                analyzed in the study and the impacts of pavement 
                durability and sustainability on safety, vehicle fuel 
                consumption, vehicle wear and tear, road conditions, and 
                road repairs; and
                    (B) recommendations for State and local governments 
                on best practice methods for improving pavement 
                durability and sustainability to maximize vehicle fuel 
                economy, improve safety, ride quality, and road 
                conditions, and to minimize the need for road and 
                vehicle repairs.
SEC. 6023. TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY WORKING GROUP.

    To improve the scientific pursuit and research procedures concerning 
transportation, the Secretary may convene an interagency working group--
            (1) to identify opportunities for coordination between the 
        Department and universities and the private sector; and
            (2) to identify and develop a plan to address related 
        workforce development needs.
SEC. 6024. <<NOTE: 49 USC 301 note.>> COLLABORATION AND SUPPORT.

    The Secretary may solicit the support of, and identify opportunities 
to collaborate with, other Federal research agencies and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1586]]

national laboratories to assist in the effective and efficient pursuit 
and resolution of research challenges identified by the Secretary.
SEC. 6025. GAO REPORT.

    Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a 
report that--
            (1) assesses the status of autonomous transportation 
        technology policy developed by public entities in the United 
        States;
            (2) assesses the organizational readiness of the Department 
        to address autonomous vehicle technology challenges, including 
        consumer privacy protections; and
            (3) recommends implementation paths for autonomous 
        transportation technology, applications, and policies that are 
        based on the assessment described in paragraph (2).
SEC. 6026. TRAFFIC CONGESTION.

    (a) Congestion Research.--The Secretary may conduct research on the 
reduction of traffic congestion.
    (b) Consideration.--The Secretary may--
            (1) recommend research to accelerate the adoption of 
        transportation management systems that allow traffic to flow in 
        the safest and most efficient manner possible while alleviating 
        current and future traffic congestion challenges;
            (2) assess and analyze traffic, transit, and freight data 
        from various sources relevant to efforts to reduce traffic 
        congestion so as to maximize mobility, efficiency, and capacity 
        while decreasing congestion and travel times;
            (3) examine the use and integration of multiple data types 
        from multiple sources and technologies, including road weather 
        data, arterial and highway traffic conditions, transit vehicle 
        arrival and departure times, real time navigation routing, 
        construction zone information, and reports of incidents, to 
        suggest improvements in effective communication of such data and 
        information in real time;
            (4) develop and disseminate suggested strategies and 
        solutions to reduce congestion for high-density traffic regions 
        and to provide mobility in the event of an emergency or natural 
        disaster; and
            (5) collaborate with other relevant Federal agencies, State 
        and local agencies, industry and industry associations, and 
        university research centers to fulfill goals and objectives 
        under this section.

    (c) Identifying Information.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
information used pursuant to this section does not contain identifying 
information of any individual.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the completion of research 
under this section, the Secretary may make available on a public website 
a report on any activities under this section.
SEC. 6027. SMART CITIES TRANSPORTATION PLANNING STUDY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary may conduct a study of digital 
technologies and information technologies, including shared mobility, 
data, transportation network companies, and on-demand transportation 
services--
            (1) to understand the degree to which cities are adopting 
        those technologies;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1587]]

            (2) to assess future planning, infrastructure, and 
        investment needs; and
            (3) to provide best practices to plan for smart cities in 
        which information and technology are used--
                    (A) to improve city operations;
                    (B) to grow the local economy;
                    (C) to improve response in times of emergencies and 
                natural disasters; and
                    (D) to improve the lives of city residents.

    (b) Components.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) identify broad issues that influence the ability of the 
        United States to plan for and invest in smart cities, including 
        barriers to collaboration and access to scientific information; 
        and
            (2) review how the expanded use of digital technologies, 
        mobile devices, and information may--
                    (A) enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of 
                existing transportation networks;
                    (B) optimize demand management services;
                    (C) impact low-income and other disadvantaged 
                communities;
                    (D) assess opportunities to share, collect, and use 
                data;
                    (E) change current planning and investment 
                strategies; and
                    (F) provide opportunities for enhanced coordination 
                and planning.

    (c) Reporting.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary may publish the report containing the results 
of the study conducted under subsection (a) to a public website.
SEC. 6028. <<NOTE: 23 USC 150 note.>> PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT DATA 
                          SUPPORT PROGRAM.

    (a) Performance Management Data Support.--The Administrator of the 
Federal Highway Administration shall develop, use, and maintain data 
sets and data analysis tools to assist metropolitan planning 
organizations, States, and the Federal Highway Administration in 
carrying out performance management analyses (including the performance 
management requirements under section 150 of title 23, United States 
Code).
    (b) Inclusions.--The data analysis activities authorized under 
subsection (a) may include--
            (1) collecting and distributing vehicle probe data 
        describing traffic on Federal-aid highways;
            (2) collecting household travel behavior data to assess 
        local and cross-jurisdictional travel, including to accommodate 
        external and through travel;
            (3) enhancing existing data collection and analysis tools to 
        accommodate performance measures, targets, and related data, so 
        as to better understand trip origin and destination, trip time, 
        and mode;
            (4) enhancing existing data analysis tools to improve 
        performance predictions and travel models in reports described 
        in section 150(e) of title 23, United States Code; and
            (5) developing tools--
                    (A) to improve performance analysis; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1588]]

                    (B) to evaluate the effects of project investments 
                on performance.

    (c) Funding.--From amounts authorized to carry out the Highway 
Research and Development Program, the Administrator of the Federal 
Highway Administration may use up to $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020 to carry out this section.

     TITLE VII-- <<NOTE: Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety 
Improvement Act of 2015.>> HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION
SEC. 7001. <<NOTE: 49 USC 5101 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Hazardous Materials Transportation 
Safety Improvement Act of 2015''.

                       Subtitle A--Authorizations

SEC. 7101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 5128 of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 5128. Authorization of appropriations

    ``(a) In General.--There are authorized to be appropriated to the 
Secretary to carry out this chapter (except sections 5107(e), 
5108(g)(2), 5113, 5115, 5116, and 5119)--
            ``(1) $53,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(2) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(3) $57,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(4) $58,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(5) $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.

    ``(b) Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund.--From the 
Hazardous Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund established under 
section 5116(h), the Secretary may expend, for each of fiscal years 2016 
through 2020--
            ``(1) $21,988,000 to carry out section 5116(a);
            ``(2) $150,000 to carry out section 5116(e);
            ``(3) $625,000 to publish and distribute the Emergency 
        Response Guidebook under section 5116(h)(3); and
            ``(4) $1,000,000 to carry out section 5116(i).

    ``(c) Hazardous Materials Training Grants.--From the Hazardous 
Materials Emergency Preparedness Fund established pursuant to section 
5116(h), the Secretary may expend $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020 to carry out section 5107(e).
    ``(d) Community Safety Grants.--Of the amounts made available under 
subsection (a) to carry out this chapter, the Secretary shall withhold 
$1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 to carry out 
section 5107(i).
    ``(e) Credits to Appropriations.--
            ``(1) Expenses.--In addition to amounts otherwise made 
        available to carry out this chapter, the Secretary may credit 
        amounts received from a State, Indian tribe, or other public 
        authority or private entity for expenses the Secretary incurs in 
        providing training to the State, Indian tribe, authority, or 
        entity.
            ``(2) Availability of amounts.--Amounts made available under 
        this section shall remain available until expended.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1589]]

          Subtitle B--Hazardous Material Safety and Improvement

SEC. 7201. NATIONAL EMERGENCY AND DISASTER RESPONSE.

    Section 5103 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

    ``(c) Federally Declared Disasters and Emergencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may by order waive 
        compliance with any part of an applicable standard prescribed 
        under this chapter without prior notice and comment and on terms 
        the Secretary considers appropriate if the Secretary determines 
        that--
                    ``(A) it is in the public interest to grant the 
                waiver;
                    ``(B) the waiver is not inconsistent with the safety 
                of transporting hazardous materials; and
                    ``(C) the waiver is necessary to facilitate the safe 
                movement of hazardous materials into, from, and within 
                an area of a major disaster or emergency that has been 
                declared under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief 
                and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).
            ``(2) Period of waiver.--A waiver under this subsection may 
        be issued for a period of not more than 60 days and may be 
        renewed upon application to the Secretary only after notice and 
        an opportunity for a hearing on the waiver. The Secretary shall 
        immediately revoke the waiver if continuation of the waiver 
        would not be consistent with the goals and objectives of this 
        chapter.
            ``(3) Statement of reasons.--The Secretary shall include in 
        any order issued under this section the reasons for granting the 
        waiver.''.
SEC. 7202. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PERMITS.

    Section 5109(h) of title 49, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(h) Limitation on Denial.--The Secretary may not deny a non-
temporary permit held by a motor carrier pursuant to this section based 
on a comprehensive review of that carrier triggered by safety management 
system scores or out-of-service disqualification standards, unless--
            ``(1) the carrier has the opportunity, prior to the denial 
        of such permit, to submit a written description of corrective 
        actions taken and other documentation the carrier wishes the 
        Secretary to consider, including a corrective action plan; and
            ``(2) the Secretary determines the actions or plan is 
        insufficient to address the safety concerns identified during 
        the course of the comprehensive review.''.
SEC. 7203. IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLANNING AND TRAINING 
                          GRANTS.

    (a) Planning and Training Grants.--Section 5116 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (k) as 
        subsections (b) through (j), respectively,
            (2) by striking subsection (b); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1590]]

            (3) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ``(a) Planning and Training Grants.--(1) The Secretary shall make 
grants to States and Indian tribes--
            ``(A) to develop, improve, and carry out emergency plans 
        under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 
        1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001 et seq.), including ascertaining flow 
        patterns of hazardous material on lands under the jurisdiction 
        of a State or Indian tribe, and between lands under the 
        jurisdiction of a State or Indian tribe and lands of another 
        State or Indian tribe;
            ``(B) to decide on the need for regional hazardous material 
        emergency response teams; and
            ``(C) to train public sector employees to respond to 
        accidents and incidents involving hazardous material.

    ``(2) To the extent that a grant is used to train emergency 
responders under paragraph (1)(C), the State or Indian tribe shall 
provide written certification to the Secretary that the emergency 
responders who receive training under the grant will have the ability to 
protect nearby persons, property, and the environment from the effects 
of accidents or incidents involving the transportation of hazardous 
material in accordance with existing regulations or National Fire 
Protection Association standards for competence of responders to 
accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials.
    ``(3) The Secretary may make a grant to a State or Indian tribe 
under paragraph (1) of this subsection only if--
            ``(A) the State or Indian tribe certifies that the total 
        amount the State or Indian tribe expends (except amounts of the 
        Federal Government) for the purpose of the grant will at least 
        equal the average level of expenditure for the last 5 years; and
            ``(B) any emergency response training provided under the 
        grant shall consist of--
                    ``(i) a course developed or identified under section 
                5115 of this title; or
                    ``(ii) any other course the Secretary determines is 
                consistent with the objectives of this section.

    ``(4) A State or Indian tribe receiving a grant under this 
subsection shall ensure that planning and emergency response training 
under the grant is coordinated with adjacent States and Indian tribes.
    ``(5) A training grant under paragraph (1)(C) may be used--
            ``(A) to pay--
                    ``(i) the tuition costs of public sector employees 
                being trained;
                    ``(ii) travel expenses of those employees to and 
                from the training facility;
                    ``(iii) room and board of those employees when at 
                the training facility; and
                    ``(iv) travel expenses of individuals providing the 
                training;
            ``(B) by the State, political subdivision, or Indian tribe 
        to provide the training; and
            ``(C) to make an agreement with a person (including an 
        authority of a State, a political subdivision of a State or 
        Indian tribe, or a local jurisdiction), subject to approval by 
        the Secretary, to provide the training if--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1591]]

                    ``(i) the agreement allows the Secretary and the 
                State or Indian tribe to conduct random examinations, 
                inspections, and audits of the training without prior 
                notice;
                    ``(ii) the person agrees to have an auditable 
                accounting system; and
                    ``(iii) the State or Indian tribe conducts at least 
                one on-site observation of the training each year.

    ``(6) The Secretary shall allocate amounts made available for grants 
under this subsection among eligible States and Indian tribes based on 
the needs of the States and Indian tribes for emergency response 
planning and training. In making a decision about those needs, the 
Secretary shall consider--
            ``(A) the number of hazardous material facilities in the 
        State or on land under the jurisdiction of the Indian tribe;
            ``(B) the types and amounts of hazardous material 
        transported in the State or on such land;
            ``(C) whether the State or Indian tribe imposes and collects 
        a fee for transporting hazardous material;
            ``(D) whether such fee is used only to carry out a purpose 
        related to transporting hazardous material;
            ``(E) the past record of the State or Indian tribe in 
        effectively managing planning and training grants; and
            ``(F) any other factors the Secretary determines are 
        appropriate to carry out this subsection.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 5108(g) of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``5116(i)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``5116(h)''.
            (2) Section 5116 of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``subsections (a)(2)(A) and (b)(2)(A)'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (a)(3)(A)'';
                    (B) in subsection (h), as so redesignated--
                          (i) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``and 
                      section 5107(e)'' after ``section'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (2) by striking ``(f)'' and 
                      inserting ``(e)''; and
                          (iii) in paragraph (4) by striking 
                      ``5108(g)(2) and 5115'' and inserting ``5107(e) 
                      and 5108(g)(2)'';
                    (C) in subsection (i), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (a)''; and
                    (D) in subsection (j), as so redesignated--
                          (i) by striking ``planning grants allocated 
                      under subsection (a), training grants under 
                      subsection (b), and grants under subsection (j) of 
                      this section and under section 5107'' and 
                      inserting ``planning and training grants under 
                      subsection (a) and grants under subsection (i) of 
                      this section and under subsections (e) and (i) of 
                      section 5107''; and
                          (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                      through (D) as paragraphs (1) through (4), 
                      respectively.

    (c) <<NOTE: 49 USC 5116 note.>> Savings Clause.--Nothing in this 
section may be construed to prohibit the Secretary from recovering and 
deobligating funds from grants that are not managed or expended in 
compliance with a grant agreement.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1592]]

SEC. 7204. IMPROVING PUBLICATION OF SPECIAL PERMITS AND APPROVALS.

    Section 5117 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``an application for a special 
                permit'' and inserting ``an application for a new 
                special permit or a modification to an existing special 
                permit''; and
                    (B) by inserting after the second sentence the 
                following: ``The Secretary shall make available to the 
                public on the Department of Transportation's Internet 
                Web site any special permit other than a new special 
                permit or a modification to an existing special permit 
                and shall give the public an opportunity to inspect the 
                safety analysis and comment on the application for a 
                period of not more than 15 days.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``publish'' and inserting ``make 
                available to the public'';
                    (B) by striking ``in the Federal Register'';
                    (C) by striking ``180'' and inserting ``120''; and
                    (D) by striking ``the special permit'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``a special permit or approval''; 
                and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(g) Disclosure of Final Action.--The Secretary shall periodically, 
but at least every 120 days--
            ``(1) publish in the Federal Register notice of the final 
        disposition of each application for a new special permit, 
        modification to an existing special permit, or approval during 
        the preceding quarter; and
            ``(2) make available to the public on the Department of 
        Transportation's Internet Web site notice of the final 
        disposition of any other special permit during the preceding 
        quarter.''.
SEC. 7205. ENHANCED REPORTING.

    Section 5121(h) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``transmit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate'' and inserting 
``make available to the public on the Department of Transportation's 
Internet Web site''.
SEC. 7206. WETLINES.

    (a) Withdrawal.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall withdraw the proposed rule described in 
the notice of proposed rulemaking issued on January 27, 2011, entitled 
``Safety Requirements for External Product Piping on Cargo Tanks 
Transporting Flammable Liquids'' (76 Fed. Reg. 4847).
    (b) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall prohibit the 
Secretary from issuing standards or regulations regarding the safety of 
external product piping on cargo tanks transporting flammable liquids 
after the withdrawal is carried out pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 7207. <<NOTE: 49 USC 5103 note.>> GAO STUDY ON ACCEPTANCE OF 
                          CLASSIFICATION EXAMINATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States

[[Page 129 STAT. 1593]]

shall evaluate and transmit to the Secretary, the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, a 
report on the standards, metrics, and protocols that the Secretary uses 
to regulate the performance of persons approved to recommend hazard 
classifications pursuant to section 173.56(b) of title 49, Code of 
Federal Regulations (commonly referred to as ``third-party labs'').
    (b) Evaluation.--The evaluation required under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) identify what standards and protocols are used to 
        approve such persons, assess the adequacy of such standards and 
        protocols to ensure that persons seeking approval are qualified 
        and capable of performing classifications, and make 
        recommendations to address any deficiencies identified;
            (2) assess the adequacy of the Secretary's oversight of 
        persons approved to perform the classifications, including the 
        qualification of individuals engaged in the oversight of 
        approved persons, and make recommendations to enhance oversight 
        sufficiently to ensure that classifications are issued as 
        required;
            (3) identify what standards and protocols exist to rescind, 
        suspend, or deny approval of persons who perform such 
        classifications, assess the adequacy of such standards and 
        protocols, and make recommendations to enhance such standards 
        and protocols if necessary; and
            (4) include annual data for fiscal years 2005 through 2015 
        on the number of applications received for new classifications 
        pursuant to section 173.56(b) of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, of those applications how many classifications 
        recommended by persons approved by the Secretary were changed to 
        another classification and the reasons for the change, and how 
        many hazardous materials incidents have been attributed to a 
        classification recommended by such approved persons in the 
        United States.

    (c) Action Plan.--Not later than 180 days after receiving the report 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make available to the 
public a plan describing any actions the Secretary will take to 
establish standards, metrics, and protocols based on the findings and 
recommendations in the report to ensure that persons approved to perform 
classification examinations required under section 173.56(b) of title 
49, Code of Federal Regulations, can sufficiently perform such 
examinations in a manner that meets the hazardous materials regulations.
    (d) Regulations.--If the report required under subsection (a) 
recommends new regulations in order for the Secretary to have confidence 
in the accuracy of classification recommendations rendered by persons 
approved to perform classification examinations required under section 
173.56(b) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, the Secretary shall 
consider such recommendations, and if determined appropriate, issue 
regulations to address the recommendations not later than 18 months 
after the date of the publication of the plan under subsection (c).
SEC. 7208. <<NOTE: 49 USC 31305 note.>> HAZARDOUS MATERIALS 
                          ENDORSEMENT EXEMPTION.

    The Secretary shall allow a State, at the discretion of the State, 
to waive the requirement for a holder of a Class A commercial driver's 
license to obtain a hazardous materials endorsement under

[[Page 129 STAT. 1594]]

part 383 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, if the license 
holder--
            (1) is acting within the scope of the license holder's 
        employment as an employee of a custom harvester operation, 
        agrichemical business, farm retail outlet and supplier, or 
        livestock feeder; and
            (2) is operating a service vehicle that is--
                    (A) transporting diesel in a quantity of 3,785 
                liters (1,000 gallons) or less; and
                    (B) clearly marked with a ``flammable'' or 
                ``combustible'' placard, as appropriate.

      Subtitle C--Safe Transportation of Flammable Liquids by Rail

SEC. 7301. COMMUNITY SAFETY GRANTS.

    Section 5107 of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(i) Community Safety Grants.--The Secretary shall establish a 
competitive program for making grants to nonprofit organizations for--
            ``(1) conducting national outreach and training programs to 
        assist communities in preparing for and responding to accidents 
        and incidents involving the transportation of hazardous 
        materials, including Class 3 flammable liquids by rail; and
            ``(2) training State and local personnel responsible for 
        enforcing the safe transportation of hazardous materials, 
        including Class 3 flammable liquids.''.
SEC. 7302. <<NOTE: 49 USC 20103 note.>> REAL-TIME EMERGENCY 
                          RESPONSE INFORMATION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with appropriate Federal 
agencies, shall issue regulations that--
            (1) require a Class I railroad transporting hazardous 
        materials--
                    (A) to generate accurate, real-time, and electronic 
                train consist information, including--
                          (i) the identity, quantity, and location of 
                      hazardous materials on a train;
                          (ii) the point of origin and destination of 
                      the train;
                          (iii) any emergency response information or 
                      resources required by the Secretary; and
                          (iv) an emergency response point of contact 
                      designated by the Class I railroad; and
                    (B) to enter into a memorandum of understanding with 
                each applicable fusion center to provide the fusion 
                center with secure and confidential access to the 
                electronic train consist information described in 
                subparagraph (A) for each train transporting hazardous 
                materials in the jurisdiction of the fusion center;
            (2) require each applicable fusion center to provide the 
        electronic train consist information described in paragraph 
        (1)(A) to State and local first responders, emergency response 
        officials, and law enforcement personnel that are involved in 
        the response to or investigation of an accident, incident, or

[[Page 129 STAT. 1595]]

        public health or safety emergency involving the rail 
        transportation of hazardous materials and that request such 
        electronic train consist information;
            (3) require each Class I railroad to provide advanced 
        notification and information on high-hazard flammable trains to 
        each State emergency response commission, consistent with the 
        notification content requirements in Emergency Order Docket No. 
        DOT-OST-2014-0067, including--
                    (A) a reasonable estimate of the number of 
                implicated trains that are expected to travel, per week, 
                through each county within the applicable State;
                    (B) updates to such estimate prior to making any 
                material changes to any volumes or frequencies of trains 
                traveling through a county;
                    (C) identification and a description of the Class 3 
                flammable liquid being transported on such trains;
                    (D) applicable emergency response information, as 
                required by regulation;
                    (E) identification of the routes over which such 
                liquid will be transported; and
                    (F) a point of contact at the Class I railroad 
                responsible for serving as the point of contact for 
                State emergency response centers and local emergency 
                responders related to the Class I railroad's 
                transportation of such liquid.
            (4) require each applicable State emergency response 
        commission to provide to a political subdivision of a State, or 
        public agency responsible for emergency response or law 
        enforcement, upon request of the political subdivision or public 
        agency, the information the commission receives from a Class I 
        railroad pursuant to paragraph (3), including, for any such 
        political subdivision or public agency responsible for emergency 
        response or law enforcement that makes an initial request for 
        such information, any updates received by the State emergency 
        response commission.
            (5) prohibit any Class I railroad, employee, or agent from 
        withholding, or causing to be withheld, the train consist 
        information from first responders, emergency response officials, 
        and law enforcement personnel described in paragraph (2) in the 
        event of an incident, accident, or public health or safety 
        emergency involving the rail transportation of hazardous 
        materials;
            (6) establish security and confidentiality protections, 
        including protections from the public release of proprietary 
        information or security-sensitive information, to prevent the 
        release to unauthorized persons any electronic train consist 
        information or advanced notification or information provided by 
        Class I railroads under this section; and
            (7) allow each Class I railroad to enter into a memorandum 
        of understanding with any Class II railroad or Class III 
        railroad that operates trains over the Class I railroad's line 
        to incorporate the Class II railroad or Class III railroad's 
        train consist information within the existing framework 
        described in paragraph (1).

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Applicable fusion center.--The term ``applicable fusion 
        center'' means a fusion center with responsibility for a 
        geographic area in which a Class I railroad operates.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1596]]

            (2) Class i railroad; class ii railroad; class iii 
        railroad.--The terms ``Class I railroad'', ``Class II 
        railroad'', and ``Class III railroad'' have the meaning given 
        those terms in section 20102 of title 49, United States Code.
            (3) Class 3 flammable liquid.--The term ``Class 3 flammable 
        liquid'' has the meaning given the term flammable liquid in 
        section 173.120(a) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.
            (4) Fusion center.--The term ``fusion center'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 210A(j) of the Homeland 
        Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 124h(j)).
            (5) Hazardous material.--The term ``hazardous material'' 
        means a substance or material the Secretary designates as 
        hazardous under section 5103 of title 49, United States Code.
            (6) High-hazard flammable train.--The term ``high-hazard 
        flammable train'' means a single train transporting 20 or more 
        tank cars loaded with a Class 3 flammable liquid in a continuous 
        block or a single train transporting 35 or more tank cars loaded 
        with a Class 3 flammable liquid throughout the train consist.
            (7) Train consist.--The term ``train consist'' includes, 
        with regard to a specific train, the number of rail cars and the 
        commodity transported by each rail car.

    (c) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section may be construed to 
prohibit a Class I railroad from voluntarily entering into a memorandum 
of understanding, as described in subsection (a)(1)(B), with a State 
emergency response commission or an entity representing or including 
first responders, emergency response officials, and law enforcement 
personnel.
SEC. 7303. EMERGENCY RESPONSE.

    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study to determine whether limitations or weaknesses exist in 
the emergency response information carried by train crews transporting 
hazardous materials.
    (b) Contents.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General shall evaluate the differences between the emergency 
response information carried by train crews transporting hazardous 
materials and the emergency response guidance provided in the Emergency 
Response Guidebook issued by the Department of Transportation.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall transmit to the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report of the findings of the study under subsection (a) and any 
recommendations for legislative action.
SEC. 7304. <<NOTE: 49 USC 20155 note.>> PHASE-OUT OF ALL TANK CARS 
                          USED TO TRANSPORT CLASS 3 FLAMMABLE 
                          LIQUIDS.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided for in subsection (b), beginning 
on the date of enactment of this Act, all DOT-111 specification railroad 
tank cars used to transport Class 3 flammable liquids shall meet the 
DOT-117, DOT-117P, or DOT-117R specifications in part 179 of title 49, 
Code of Federal Regulations, regardless of train composition.
    (b) Phase-Out Schedule.--Certain tank cars not meeting DOT-117, DOT-
117P, or DOT-117R specifications on the date of

[[Page 129 STAT. 1597]]

enactment of this Act may be used, regardless of train composition, 
until the following end-dates:
            (1) For transport of unrefined petroleum products in Class 3 
        flammable service, including crude oil--
                    (A) January 1, 2018, for non-jacketed DOT-111 tank 
                cars;
                    (B) March 1, 2018, for jacketed DOT-111 tank cars;
                    (C) April 1, 2020, for non-jacketed CPC-1232 tank 
                cars; and
                    (D) May 1, 2025, for jacketed CPC-1232 tank cars.
            (2) For transport of ethanol--
                    (A) May 1, 2023, for non-jacketed and jacketed DOT-
                111 tank cars;
                    (B) July 1, 2023, for non-jacketed CPC-1232 tank 
                cars; and
                    (C) May 1, 2025, for jacketed CPC-1232 tank cars.
            (3) For transport of Class 3 flammable liquids in Packing 
        Group I, other than Class 3 flammable liquids specified in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), May 1, 2025.
            (4) For transport of Class 3 flammable liquids in Packing 
        Groups II and III, other than Class 3 flammable liquids 
        specified in paragraphs (1) and (2), May 1, 2029.

    (c) Retrofitting Shop Capacity.--The Secretary may extend the 
deadlines established under paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (b) for 
a period not to exceed 2 years if the Secretary determines that 
insufficient retrofitting shop capacity will prevent the phase-out of 
tank cars not meeting the DOT-117, DOT-117P, or DOT-117R specifications 
by the deadlines set forth in such paragraphs.
    (d) Conforming Regulatory Amendments.--
            (1) In general.--Immediately after the date of enactment of 
        this section, the Secretary--
                    (A) shall remove or revise the date-specific 
                deadlines in any applicable regulations or orders to the 
                extent necessary to conform with the requirements of 
                this section; and
                    (B) may not enforce any such date-specific deadlines 
                or requirements that are inconsistent with the 
                requirements of this section.
            (2) Implementation.--Nothing in this section shall be 
        construed to require the Secretary to issue regulations, except 
        as required under paragraph (1), to implement this section.

    (e) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
prohibit the Secretary from implementing the final rule issued on May 
08, 2015, entitled ``Enhanced Tank Car Standards and Operational 
Co