Text: H.R.2233 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

There is one version of the bill.

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Introduced in House (05/05/2015)


114th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 2233


To amend the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to clarify the prohibition on warrantless searching of collections of communications for United States persons, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 5, 2015

Mr. Poe of Texas (for himself, Ms. Lofgren, and Mr. Massie) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Select Committee on Intelligence (Permanent Select), and in addition to the Committee on the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To amend the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to clarify the prohibition on warrantless searching of collections of communications for United States persons, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “End Warrantless Surveillance of Americans Act”.

SEC. 2. Clarification on prohibition on warrantless searching of collections of communications for the communications of United States persons.

Section 702(b) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1881a(b)) is amended—

(1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (5) as subparagraphs (A) through (E), respectively, and indenting such subparagraphs, as so redesignated, an additional two ems from the left margin;

(2) by striking “the purpose” and inserting “a purpose”;

(3) by striking “an acquisition” and inserting the following: “(1) In general.—In acquisition”; and

(4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(2) CLARIFICATION ON PROHIBITION ON SEARCHING OF COLLECTIONS OF COMMUNICATIONS OF UNITED STATES PERSONS.—

“(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subparagraph (B), no officer or employee of the United States may conduct a search of a collection of communications acquired under this section in an effort to find communications of a particular United States person (other than a corporation).

“(B) CONCURRENT AUTHORIZATION AND EXCEPTION FOR EMERGENCY SITUATIONS.—Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to a search for communications related to a particular United States person if—

“(i) such United States person is the subject of an order or emergency authorization authorizing electronic surveillance or physical search under section 105, 304, 703, 704, or 705, or title 18, United States Code, for the effective period of that order;

“(ii) the entity carrying out the search has a reasonable belief that the life or safety of such United States person is threatened and the information is sought for the purpose of assisting that person; or

“(iii) such United States person has consented to the search.”.

SEC. 3. Prohibition on warrantless searching of collections of communications collected under executive order for the communications of United States persons.

(a) In general.—Section 309 of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

“(C) CLARIFICATION ON PROHIBITION ON SEARCHING OF COLLECTIONS OF COMMUNICATIONS OF UNITED STATES PERSONS.—

“(i) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in clause (ii), no officer or employee of the United States may conduct a search of retained covered communications for a particular United States person (other than a corporation).

“(ii) EXCEPTION FOR EMERGENCY SITUATIONS.—Clause (i) shall not apply to a search for communications related to a particular United States person if—

“(I) such United States person is the subject of an order or emergency authorization authorizing electronic surveillance or physical search under section 105, 304, 703, 704, or 705, or title 18, United States Code, for the effective period of that order;

“(II) the entity carrying out the search has a reasonable belief that the life or safety of such United States person is threatened and the information is sought for the purpose of assisting that person; or

“(III) such United States person has consented to the search.”.

(b) Conforming Amendments.—Section 309(b)(3)(A) is amended by striking “subparagraph (B).” and inserting “subparagraphs (B) and (C).”.

SEC. 4. Prohibition on data security vulnerability mandates.

(a) In general.—Except as provided in subsection (b), no agency may mandate or request that a manufacturer, developer, or seller of covered products design or alter the security functions in its product or service to allow the surveillance of any user of such product or service, or to allow the physical search of such product, by any agency.

(b) Exception.—Subsection (a) shall not apply to mandates authorized under the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (47 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.).

(c) Definitions.—In this section—

(1) the term “agency” has the meaning given the term in section 3502 of title 44, United States Code; and

(2) the term “covered product” means any computer hardware, computer software, or electronic device that is made available to the general public.


Share This