Text: H.R.3782 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Bill Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (10/21/2015)


114th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 3782


To amend the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 to eliminate the use of valid court orders to secure lockup of status offenders, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

October 21, 2015

Mr. Cárdenas (for himself, Mr. Cohen, Mr. Cummings, Mr. Ellison, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Gutiérrez, Ms. Jackson Lee, Ms. Moore, Mr. Rangel, Mr. Richmond, Mr. Scott of Virginia, and Mr. Vargas) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce


A BILL

To amend the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 to eliminate the use of valid court orders to secure lockup of status offenders, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Prohibiting Detention of Youth Status Offenders Act of 2015”.

SEC. 2. Deinstitutionalization of status offenders.

Section 223 of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5633) is amended—

(1) in subsection (a)(11)—

(A) by striking “shall” the first place it appears;

(B) in subparagraph (A)—

(i) in clause (i), by inserting “and” at the end;

(ii) in clause (ii), by striking “and” at the end;

(iii) by striking clause (iii); and

(iv) in the matter following clause (iii) by striking “and” at the end;

(C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting “and” at the end; and

(D) by adding at the end the following:

“(C) if a court determines the juvenile should be placed in a secure detention facility or correctional facility for violating an order described in subparagraph (A)(ii)—

“(i) the court shall issue a written order that—

“(I) identifies the valid court order that has been violated;

“(II) specifies the factual basis for determining that there is reasonable cause to believe that the juvenile has violated such order;

“(III) includes findings of fact to support a determination that there is no appropriate less restrictive alternative available to placing the juvenile in such a facility, with due consideration to the best interest of the juvenile;

“(IV) specifies the length of time, not to exceed 3 days, that the juvenile may remain in a secure detention facility or correctional facility, and includes a plan for the juvenile’s release from such facility; and

“(V) may not be renewed or extended; and

“(ii) the court may not issue a second or subsequent order described in clause (i) relating to a juvenile, unless the juvenile violates a valid court order after the date on which the court issues an order described in clause (i);

“(D) there are procedures in place to ensure that any juvenile held in a secure detention facility or correctional facility pursuant to a court order described in this paragraph does not remain in custody longer than 3 days (with the exception of weekends and holidays) or the length of time authorized by the court, or authorized under applicable State law, whichever is shorter;

“(E) juvenile status offenders detained or confined in a secure detention facility or correctional facility pursuant to a court order as described in this paragraph may only be detained in secure custody one time in any six-month period, provided that all conditions set forth in subparagraph (D) are satisfied; and

“(F) not later than one year after the date of enactment of this subparagraph, with a single one-year extension if the State can demonstrate hardship as determined by the Administrator, the State will eliminate the use of valid court orders as described in subparagraph (A)(ii) to provide secure lockup of status offenders;”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

“(g) Applications for extension for compliance.—States may apply for a single one-year extension to comply with subsection (a)(11). To apply, a State must submit an application to the Administrator describing—

“(1) the State’s measurable progress and good faith effort to reduce the number of status offenders who are placed in a secure detention facility or correctional facility pursuant to a court order as described in this paragraph; and

“(2) the State’s plan to come into compliance not later than 1 year after the date of extension.”.