Text: H.R.4470 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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Referred in Senate (07/14/2016)


114th CONGRESS
2d Session
H. R. 4470


IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 11, 2016

Received

July 14, 2016

Read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works


AN ACT

To amend the Safe Drinking Water Act with respect to the requirements related to lead in drinking water, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Safe Drinking Water Act Improved Compliance Awareness Act”.

SEC. 2. Enforcement of drinking water regulations.

Section 1414(c) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g–3(c)) is amended—

(1) in the header, by inserting “States, the Administrator, and” before “persons served”;

(2) in paragraph (1)—

(A) in subparagraph (C), by striking “paragraph (2)(E)” and inserting “paragraph (2)(F)”; and

(B) by adding at the end the following:

“(D) Notice of any exceedance at the 90th percentile of a lead action level in a regulation promulgated under section 1412.”;

(3) in paragraph (2)—

(A) in subparagraph (B), by striking “subparagraph (D)” and inserting “subparagraph (E)”;

(B) in subparagraph (C)—

(i) in the header, by striking “Violations” and inserting “Notice of violations”;

(ii) in the matter preceding clause (i)—

(I) by inserting “, and each exceedance described in paragraph (1)(D),” after “for each violation”; and

(II) by inserting “or exceedance” after “Each notice of violation”;

(iii) by inserting “or exceedance” after “the violation” each place it appears; and

(iv) in clause (iv)—

(I) in subclause (I), by striking “broadcast media” and inserting “media, including broadcast media,”;

(II) in subclause (II)—

(aa) by striking “in a newspaper of general circulation serving the area” and inserting “for circulation in the affected area, including in a newspaper of general circulation serving the area,”; and

(bb) by striking “or the date of publication of the next issue of the newspaper”; and

(III) in subclause (III), by striking “in lieu of notification by means of broadcast media or newspaper”;

(C) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and

(D) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:

“(D) NOTICE BY ADMINISTRATOR.—If, after 24 hours after the Administrator’s notification under subsection (a)(1)(A), the State with primary enforcement responsibility or the owner or operator of the public water system has not issued a notice that is required under subparagraph (C) for an exceedance described in paragraph (1)(D), the Administrator shall issue such required notice pursuant to this paragraph.”;

(4) in paragraph (3)(B)—

(A) by striking “subparagraph (A) and” and inserting “subparagraph (A),”; and

(B) by striking “subparagraph (C) or (D) of paragraph (2)” and inserting “subparagraph (C) or (E) of paragraph (2), and notices issued by the Administrator with respect to public water systems serving Indian Tribes under subparagraph (D) of such paragraph”;

(5) in paragraph (4)(B)—

(A) in clause (ii), by striking “the terms” and inserting “the terms ‘action level’,”; and

(B) in clause (iii), by striking “and (IV)” and inserting “(IV) the action level for the contaminant, and (V)”; and

(6) by adding at the end the following:

“(5) EXCEEDANCE OF SAFE LEAD LEVEL.—

“(A) STRATEGIC PLAN.—Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the Administrator shall, in collaboration with owners and operators of public water systems and States, establish a strategic plan for how the Administrator, a State with primary enforcement responsibility, and owners and operators of public water systems shall conduct targeted outreach, education, technical assistance, and risk communication to populations affected by lead in a public water system, including dissemination of information described in subparagraph (C).

“(B) EPA INITIATION OF NOTICE.—

“(i) FORWARDING OF DATA BY EMPLOYEE OF EPA.—If the Environmental Protection Agency develops or receives, from a source other than the State or the public water system, data, which meets the requirements of section 1412(b)(3)(A)(ii), indicating that the drinking water of a person served by a public water system contains a level of lead that exceeds a lead action level promulgated under section 1412, the Administrator shall require an appropriate employee of the Agency to forward such data to the owner or operator of the public water system and to the State in which the exceedance occurred within a time period established by the Administrator.

“(ii) DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION BY OWNER OR OPERATOR.—If an owner or operator of a public water system receives a notice under clause (i), the owner or operator, within a time period established by the Administrator, shall disseminate to affected persons the information described in subparagraph (C).

“(iii) CONSULTATION.—

“(I) DEADLINE.—With respect to an exceedance at the 90th percentile of a lead action level in a regulation promulgated under section 1412, if the owner or operator of the public water system does not disseminate, in the time period established by the Administrator, the information described in subparagraph (C), as required under clause (ii), not later than 24 hours after becoming aware of such failure to disseminate, the Administrator shall consult, within a period not to exceed 24 hours, with the applicable Governor to develop a plan, in accordance with the strategic plan, to disseminate such information to affected persons within 24 hours of the end of such consultation period.

“(II) DELEGATION.—The Administrator may only delegate the duty to consult under this clause to an employee of the Environmental Protection Agency who is working in the Office of Water, at the headquarters of the Agency, at the time of such delegation.

“(iv) DISSEMINATION BY ADMINISTRATOR.—The Administrator shall, as soon as reasonably possible, disseminate to affected persons the information described subparagraph (C) if—

“(I) the Administrator and the applicable Governor do not agree on a plan described in clause (iii)(I) during the consultation period under such clause; or

“(II) the applicable Governor does not disseminate the information within 24 hours of the end of such consultation period.

“(C) INFORMATION REQUIRED.—Information required to be disseminated under this paragraph shall include a clear explanation of the exceedance of a lead action level, its potential adverse effects on human health, the steps that the owner or operator of the public water system is taking to correct the exceedance, and the necessity of seeking alternative water supplies until the exceedance is corrected.

“(6) PRIVACY.—Any notice under this subsection to the public or an affected person shall protect the privacy of individual customer information.”.

SEC. 3. Prohibition on use of lead pipes, solder, and flux.

Section 1417 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g–6) is amended—

(1) by amending subsection (a)(2)(A) to read as follows:

    “(A) IN GENERAL.—

    “(i) IDENTIFICATION AND NOTICE.—Each owner or operator of a public water system shall identify and provide notice to persons who may be affected by—

    “(I) lead contamination of their drinking water where such contamination results from—

    “(aa) the lead content in the construction materials of the public water distribution system; or

    “(bb) corrosivity of the water supply sufficient to cause leaching of lead; or

    “(II) an exceedance at the 90th percentile of a lead action level in a regulation promulgated under section 1412.

    “(ii) MANNER AND FORM.—Notice under this paragraph shall be provided in such manner and form as may be reasonably required by the Administrator. Notwithstanding clause (i)(II), notice under this paragraph shall be provided notwithstanding the absence of a violation of any national drinking water standard.”;

(2) in subsection (b)(2)—

(A) by striking “The requirements” and inserting the following:

“(A) IN GENERAL.—The requirements”; and

(B) by adding at the end the following: “Enforcement of such requirements shall be carried out by a State with primary enforcement responsibility or the Administrator, as appropriate.

“(B) NOTIFICATION BY ADMINISTRATOR.—In the case of an exceedance described in subsection (a)(2)(A)(i)(II), if the public water system or the State in which the public water system is located does not notify the persons who may be affected by such exceedance in accordance with subsection (a)(2), the Administrator shall notify such persons of such exceedance in accordance with subsection (a)(2), including notification of the relevant concentrations of lead. Such notice shall protect the privacy of individual customer information.”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

“(f) Public education.—

“(1) IN GENERAL.—The Administrator shall make information available to the public regarding lead in drinking water, including information regarding—

“(A) risks associated with lead in drinking water;

“(B) the likelihood that drinking water in a residence may contain lead;

“(C) steps States, public water systems, and consumers can take to reduce the risks of lead; and

“(D) the availability of additional resources that consumers can use to minimize lead exposure, including information on how to sample for lead in drinking water.

“(2) VULNERABLE POPULATIONS.—In making information available to the public under this subsection, the Administrator shall carry out targeted outreach strategies that focus on educating groups within the general population that may be at greater risk than the general population of adverse health effects from exposure to lead in drinking water.”.

Passed the House of Representatives February 10, 2016.

    Attest: karen l. haas,   
    Clerk