Text: H.R.4909 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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                                                       Calendar No. 502
114th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 4909


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                              May 26, 2016

            Received; read twice and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2017 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and 
   for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe 
   military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into five divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--Military Justice.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.
                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Multiyear procurement authority for AH-64E Apache 
                            helicopters.
Sec. 112. Multiyear procurement authority for UH-60M and HH-60M Black 
                            Hawk helicopters.
Sec. 113. Assessment of certain capabilities of the Department of the 
                            Army.
Sec. 114. Funding for surface-to-air missile system.
                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Procurement authority for aircraft carrier programs.
Sec. 122. Sense of Congress on aircraft carrier procurement schedules.
Sec. 123. Design and construction of LHA replacement ship designated 
                            LHA 8.
Sec. 124. Design and construction of replacement dock landing ship 
                            designated LX(R) or amphibious transport 
                            dock designated LPD-29.
Sec. 125. Ship to shore connector program.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat Ship 
                            or successor frigate.
Sec. 127. Report on P-8 Poseidon aircraft.
                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Elimination of annual report on aircraft inventory.
Sec. 132. Repeal of requirement to preserve certain retired C-5 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 133. Repeal of requirement to preserve certain retired F-117 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 134. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 135. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
                            Surveillance Target Attack Radar System 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 136. Report on cost of B-21 aircraft.
Sec. 137. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of U-2 
                            aircraft.
       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Termination of quarterly reporting on use of combat mission 
                            requirements funds.
Sec. 142. Fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for certain 
                            vehicles.
Sec. 143. Report on Department of Defense munitions strategy for the 
                            combatant commands.
Sec. 144. Comptroller General review of F-35 Lightning II aircraft 
                            sustainment support.
Sec. 145. Briefing on acquisition strategy for Ground Mobility Vehicle.
Sec. 146. Standardization of 5.56mm rifle ammunition.
         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 212. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense laboratories for 
                            research and development of technologies 
                            for military missions.
Sec. 213. Notification requirement for certain rapid prototyping, 
                            experimentation, and demonstration 
                            activities.
Sec. 214. Improved biosafety for handling of select agents and toxins.
Sec. 215. Modernization of security clearance information technology 
                            architecture.
Sec. 216. Prohibition on availability of funds for countering weapons 
                            of mass destruction system Constellation.
Sec. 217. Limitation on availability of funds for Defense Innovation 
                            Unit Experimental.
Sec. 218. Limitation on availability of funds for Tactical Combat 
                            Training System Increment II.
Sec. 219. Restructuring of the distributed common ground system of the 
                            Army.
Sec. 220. Designation of Department of Defense senior official with 
                            principal responsibility for directed 
                            energy weapons.
                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Strategy for assured access to trusted microelectronics.
Sec. 232. Pilot program on evaluation of commercial information 
                            technology.
Sec. 233. Pilot program for the enhancement of the laboratories and 
                            test and evaluation centers of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on modernization of electromagnetic spectrum 
                            warfare systems and electronic warfare 
                            systems.
Sec. 235. Independent review of F/A-18 physiological episodes and 
                            corrective actions.
Sec. 236. Study on helicopter crash prevention and mitigation 
                            technology.
Sec. 237. Report on electronic warfare capabilities.
                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 302. Increase in funding for civil military programs.
                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Rule of construction regarding alternative fuel procurement 
                            requirement.
Sec. 312. Production and use of natural gas at Fort Knox.
Sec. 313. Alternative technologies for munitions disposal.
Sec. 314. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 315. Prohibition on carrying out certain authorities relating to 
                            climate change.
                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Pilot program for inclusion of certain industrial plants in 
                            the Armament Retooling and Manufacturing 
                            Support Initiative.
Sec. 322. Private sector port loading assessment.
Sec. 323. Limitation on availability of funds for Defense Contract 
                            Management Agency.
                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modification of annual Department of Defense energy 
                            management reports.
Sec. 332. Report on equipment purchased from foreign entities and 
                            authority to adjust Army arsenal labor 
                            rates.
Sec. 333. Report on average travel costs of members of the reserve 
                            components.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps.
Sec. 342. Explosive ordnance disposal program.
Sec. 343. Expansion of definition of structures interfering with air 
                            commerce and national defense.
Sec. 344. Development of personal protective equipment for female 
                            Marines and soldiers.
Sec. 345. Study on space-available travel system of the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 346. Supply of specialty motors from certain manufacturers.
Sec. 347. Limitation on use of certain funds until establishment and 
                            implementation of required process by which 
                            members of the Armed Forces may carry 
                            appropriate firearms on military 
                            installations.
Sec. 348. Motor carrier safety performance and safety technology.
Sec. 349. Briefing on well-drilling capabilities of active duty and 
                            reserve components.
Sec. 350. Access to wireless high-speed Internet and network 
                            connections for certain members of the 
                            Armed Forces deployed overseas.
Sec. 351. System for communicating availability of surplus ammunition.
Sec. 352. Increase in funding for National Guard counter-drug programs.
              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
                            levels.
                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2017 limitation on number of non-dual status 
                            technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Sense of Congress on full-time support for the Army National 
                            Guard.
              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Number of Marine Corps general officers.
Sec. 502. Equal consideration of officers for early retirement or 
                            discharge.
Sec. 503. Modification of authority to drop from rolls a commissioned 
                            officer.
                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Extension of removal of restrictions on the transfer of 
                            officers between the active and inactive 
                            National Guard.
Sec. 512. Extension of temporary authority to use Air Force reserve 
                            component personnel to provide training and 
                            instruction regarding pilot training.
Sec. 513. Limitations on ordering Selected Reserve to active duty for 
                            preplanned missions in support of the 
                            combatant commands.
Sec. 514. Exemption of military technicians (dual status) from civilian 
                            employee furloughs.
Sec. 515. Electronic tracking of operational active-duty service 
                            performed by members of the Ready Reserve 
                            of the Armed Forces.
                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Technical correction to annual authorization for personnel 
                            strengths.
Sec. 522. Entitlement to leave for adoption of child by dual military 
                            couples.
Sec. 523. Revision of deployability rating system and planning reform.
Sec. 524. Expansion of authority to execute certain military 
                            instruments.
Sec. 525. Technical correction to voluntary separation pay and 
                            benefits.
Sec. 526. Annual notice to members of the Armed Forces regarding child 
                            custody protections guaranteed by the 
                            Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 527. Pilot program on consolidated Army recruiting.
Sec. 528. Report on purpose and utility of registration system under 
                            Military Selective Service Act.
Sec. 529. Parental leave for members of the Armed Forces.
  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

Sec. 541. Expedited reporting of child abuse and neglect to State Child 
                            Protective Services.
Sec. 542. Extension of the requirement for annual report regarding 
                            sexual assaults and coordination with 
                            release of family advocacy report.
Sec. 543. Requirement for annual family advocacy program report 
                            regarding child abuse and domestic 
                            violence.
Sec. 544. Improved Department of Defense prevention of and response to 
                            hazing in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 545. Burdens of proof applicable to investigations and reviews 
                            related to protected communications of 
                            members of the Armed Forces and prohibited 
                            retaliatory actions.
Sec. 546. Improved investigation of allegations of professional 
                            retaliation.
Sec. 547. Career military justice litigation track for judge advocates.
         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 561.  Revision to quality assurance of certification programs and 
                            standards.
Sec. 562. Establishment of ROTC cyber institutes at senior military 
                            colleges.
Sec. 563. Military-to-mariner transition.
Sec. 564. Employment authority for civilian faculty at certain military 
                            department schools.
Sec. 565. Revision of name on military service record to reflect change 
                            in name of a member of the Army, Navy, Air 
                            Force, or Marine Corps, after separation 
                            from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 566. Direct employment pilot program for members of the National 
                            Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 567. Prohibition on establishment, maintenance, or support of 
                            Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
                            units at educational institutions that 
                            display Confederate battle flag.
Sec. 568. Report on composition of service academies.
Sec. 569. Inclusion of alcohol, prescription drug, opioid, and other 
                            substance abuse counseling as part of 
                            required preseparation counseling.
Sec. 569A. Inclusion of information in Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 569B. Report and guidance regarding Job Training, Employment 
                            Skills Training, Apprenticeships, and 
                            Internships and SkillBridge initiatives for 
                            members of the Armed Forces who are being 
                            separated.
Sec. 569C. Congressional notification in advance of appointments to 
                            service academies.
Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
                            agencies that benefit dependents of members 
                            of the Armed Forces and Department of 
                            Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Support for programs providing camp experience for children 
                            of military families.
Sec. 573. Impact Aid.
Sec. 574. Elimination of two-year eligibility limitation for 
                            noncompetitive appointment of spouses of 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Review regarding award of Medal of Honor to certain Asian 
                            American and Native American Pacific 
                            Islander war veterans.
Sec. 582. Authorization for award of medals for acts of valor.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Gary M. Rose 
                            for acts of valor during the Vietnam War.
Sec. 584. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Charles S. 
                            Kettles for acts of valor during the 
                            Vietnam War.
Sec. 585. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
                            First Lieutenant Melvin M. Spruiell for 
                            acts of valor during World War II.
          Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Burial of cremated remains in Arlington National Cemetery of 
                            certain persons whose service is deemed to 
                            be active service.
Sec. 592. Representation from members of the Armed Forces on boards, 
                            councils, and committees making 
                            recommendations relating to military 
                            personnel issues.
Sec. 593. Body mass index test.
Sec. 594. Preseparation counseling regarding options for donating brain 
                            tissue at time of death for research.
Sec. 595. Recognition of the expanded service opportunities available 
                            to female members of the Armed Forces and 
                            the long service of women in the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 596. Sense of Congress regarding plight of male victims of 
                            military sexual trauma.
Sec. 597. Sense of Congress regarding section 504 of title 10, United 
                            States Code, on existing authority of the 
                            Department of Defense to enlist 
                            individuals, not otherwise eligible for 
                            enlistment, whose enlistment is vital to 
                            the national interest.
Sec. 598. Protection of Second Amendment Rights of Military Families.
Sec. 599. Pilot program on advanced technology for alcohol abuse 
                            prevention.
Sec. 599A. Report on availability of college credit for skills acquired 
                            during military service.
Sec. 599B. Atomic veterans service medal.
Sec. 599C. Report on extending protections for student loans for active 
                            duty borrowers.
Sec. 599D. Exclusion of certain reimbursements of medical expenses and 
                            other payments from determination of annual 
                            income with respect to pensions for 
                            veterans and surviving spouses and children 
                            of veterans.
Sec. 599E. Sense of Congress on desirability of service-wide adoption 
                            of Gold Star Installation Access Card.
Sec. 599F. Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance.
Sec. 599G. Extension of suicide prevention and resilience program.
          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of monthly basic pay.
Sec. 602. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
                            of basic allowance for housing under 
                            certain circumstances.
Sec. 603. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
                            duration of temporary duty assignment or 
                            civilian travel .
           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
                            authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
                            authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
                            nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
                            consolidated special pay, incentive pay, 
                            and bonus authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
                            other title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum amount of aviation special pays for 
                            flying duty.
Sec. 617. Conforming amendment to consolidation of special pay, 
                            incentive pay, and bonus authorities.
Sec. 618. Technical and clerical amendments relating to 2008 
                            consolidation of certain special pay 
                            authorities.
Sec. 619. Combat-related special compensation coordinating amendment.
       Subtitle C--Disability, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Separation determinations for members participating in Thrift 
                            Savings Plan.
Sec. 622. Continuation pay for full Thrift Savings Plan members who 
                            have completed 8 to 12 years of service.
Sec. 623. Special survivor indemnity allowance.
Sec. 624. Equal benefits under Survivor Benefit Plan for survivors of 
                            reserve component members who die in the 
                            line of duty during inactive-duty training.
Sec. 625. Use of member's current pay grade and years of service, 
                            rather than final retirement pay grade and 
                            years of service, in a division of property 
                            involving disposable retired pay.
    Subtitle D--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

Sec. 631. Protection and enhancement of access to and savings at 
                            commissaries and exchanges.
Sec. 632. Acceptance of Military Star Card at commissaries.
   Subtitle E--Travel and Transportation Allowances and Other Matters

Sec. 641. Maximum reimbursement amount for travel expenses of members 
                            of the Reserves attending inactive duty 
                            training outside of normal commuting 
                            distances.
Sec. 642. Statute of limitations on Department of Defense recovery of 
                            amounts owed to the United States by 
                            members of the uniformed services, 
                            including retired and former members.
                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

        Subtitle A--Reform of TRICARE and Military Health System

Sec. 701. TRICARE Preferred and other TRICARE reform.
Sec. 702. Reform of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
                            military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 703. Military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 704. Access to urgent care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Access to primary care clinics at military medical treatment 
                            facilities.
Sec. 706. Incentives for value-based health under TRICARE program.
Sec. 707. Improvements to military-civilian partnerships to increase 
                            access to health care and readiness.
Sec. 708. Joint Trauma System.
Sec. 709. Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate.
Sec. 710. Improvements to access to health care in military medical 
                            treatment facilities.
Sec. 711. Adoption of core quality performance metrics.
Sec. 712. Study on improving continuity of health care coverage for 
                            Reserve Components.
                 Subtitle B--Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 721. Provision of hearing aids to dependents of retired members.
Sec. 722. Extended TRICARE program coverage for certain members of the 
                            National Guard and dependents during 
                            certain disaster response duty.
                 Subtitle C--Health Care Administration

Sec. 731. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical 
                            care for the Coast Guard.
Sec. 732. Requirement to review and monitor prescribing practices at 
                            military treatment facilities of 
                            pharmaceutical agents for treatment of 
                            post-traumatic stress.
Sec. 733. Use of mefloquine for malaria.
Sec. 734. Applied behavior analysis.
                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Mental health resources for members of the military services 
                            at high risk of suicide.
Sec. 742. Research of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
Sec. 743. Active oscillating negative pressure treatment.
Sec. 744. Long-term study on health of helicopter and tiltrotor pilots.
Sec. 745. Pilot program for prescription drug acquisition cost parity 
                            in the TRICARE pharmacy benefits program.
Sec. 746. Study on display of wait times at urgent care clinics, 
                            pharmacies, and emergency rooms of military 
                            medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 747. Report on feasibility of including acupuncture and 
                            chiropractic services for retirees under 
                            TRICARE program.
Sec. 748. Clarification of submission of reports on longitudinal study 
                            on traumatic brain injury.
Sec. 749. Increased collaboration with NIH to combat triple negative 
                            breast cancer.
Sec. 750. Department of Defense studies on preventing the diversion of 
                            opioid medications.
  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Subtitle A--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 801. Revision to authorities relating to Department of Defense 
                            Test Resource Management Center.
Sec. 802. Amendments to restrictions on undefinitized contractual 
                            actions.
Sec. 803. Revision to requirements relating to inventory method for 
                            Department of Defense contracts for 
                            services.
Sec. 804. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 805. Revision to effective date of senior executive benchmark 
                            compensation for allowable cost 
                            limitations.
Sec. 806. Amendments related to detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
                            electronic parts.
Sec. 807. Amendments to special emergency procurement authority.
Sec. 808. Compliance with domestic source requirements for footwear 
                            furnished to enlisted members of the Armed 
                            Forces upon their initial entry into the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 809. Requirement for policies and standard checklist in 
                            procurement of services.
Sec. 809A. Extension of limitation on aggregate annual amount available 
                            for contract services.
Sec. 809B. Extension of authority for enhanced transfer of technology 
                            developed at department of defense 
                            laboratories.
 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 811. Change in date of submission to Congress of Selected 
                            Acquisition Reports.
Sec. 812. Amendments relating to independent cost estimation and cost 
                            analysis.
Sec. 813.  Revisions to Milestone B determinations.
Sec. 814. Review and report on sustainment planning in the acquisition 
                            process.
Sec. 815. Revision to distribution of annual report on operational test 
                            and evaluation.
          Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 821. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 822. Market research for determination of price reasonableness in 
                            acquisition of commercial items.
Sec. 823. Value analysis for the determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 824. Clarification of requirements relating to commercial item 
                            determinations.
Sec. 825. Pilot program for authority to acquire innovative commercial 
                            items using general solicitation 
                            competitive procedures.
                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 831. Review and report on the bid protest process.
Sec. 832. Review and report on indefinite delivery contracts.
Sec. 833. Review and report on contractual flow-down provisions.
Sec. 834. Review of anti-competitive specifications in information 
                            technology acquisitions.
Sec. 835. Coast Guard major acquisition programs.
Sec. 836. Waiver of congressional notification for acquisition of 
                            tactical missiles and munitions greater 
                            than quantity specified in law.
Sec. 837. Closeout of old Department of the Navy contracts.
Sec. 838. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
                            the national technology and industrial 
                            base.
Sec. 839. Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
                            determination adjustment.
Sec. 840. Amendment to prohibition on performance of non-defense audits 
                            by Defense Contract Audit Agency to exempt 
                            audits for National Nuclear Security 
                            Administration.
Sec. 841. Selection of service providers for auditing services and 
                            audit readiness services.
Sec. 842. Modifications to the justification and approval process for 
                            certain sole-source contracts for small 
                            business concerns.
Sec. 843. Briefing on design-build construction process for defense 
                            contracts.
Sec. 844. Assessment of outreach for small business concerns owned and 
                            controlled by women and minorities required 
                            before conversion of certain functions to 
                            contractor performance.
Sec. 845. Inclusion of information on common grounds for sustaining bid 
                            protests in annual Government 
                            Accountability Office reports to Congress.
Sec. 846. Revision of effective date for amendments relating to Under 
                            Secretary of Defense for Business 
                            Management and Information.
Sec. 847. Promotion of value-based defense procurement.
Sec. 848. Study and report on contracts awarded to minority-owned and 
                            women-owned businesses.
      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

                  Subtitle A--Goldwater-Nichols Reform

Sec. 901. Sense of Congress on Goldwater-Nichols Reform.
Sec. 902. Repeal of Defense Strategy Review.
Sec. 903. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
                            States.
Sec. 904. Reform of defense strategic and policy guidance.
Sec. 905. Reform of the national military strategy.
Sec. 906. Modification to independent study of national security 
                            strategy formulation process.
Sec. 907. Term of office for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Sec. 908. Responsibilities of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
                            relating to operations.
Sec. 909. Assigned forces within the continental United States.
Sec. 910. Reduction in general officer and flag officer grades and 
                            positions.
Sec. 911. Establishment of unified combatant command for cyber 
                            operations.
Sec. 912. Revision of requirements relating to length of joint duty 
                            assignments.
Sec. 913. Revision of definitions used for joint officer management.
Sec. 914.  Independent assessment of combatant command structure.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 921. Modifications to corrosion report.
Sec. 922. Authority to employ civilian faculty members at Joint Special 
                            Operations University.
Sec. 923. Guidelines for conversion of functions performed by civilian 
                            or contractor personnel to performance by 
                            military personnel.
Sec. 924. Public release by Inspectors General of reports of 
                            misconduct.
Sec. 925. Modifications to requirements for accounting for members of 
                            the Armed Forces and Department of Defense 
                            civilian employees listed as missing.
Sec. 926. Reform of National Security Council.
          Subtitle C--Department of the Navy and Marine Corps

Sec. 931. Redesignation of the Department of the Navy as the Department 
                            of the Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 932. Conforming amendments to title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 933. Other provisions of law and other references.
Sec. 934. Effective date.
                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Requirement to transfer funds from Department of Defense 
                            Acquisition Workforce Development Fund to 
                            the Treasury.
Sec. 1003. Report on auditable financial statements.
                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to provide additional support for 
                            counter-drug activities of foreign 
                            governments.
Sec. 1012. Secretary of Defense review of curricula and program 
                            structures of National Guard counterdrug 
                            schools.
Sec. 1013. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
                            counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1014. Unmanned aerial systems training missions.
Sec. 1015. Funding for counter narcotics operations.
Sec. 1016. Report on efforts of United States Southern Command 
                            Operation to detect and monitor drug 
                            trafficking.
                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Definition of short-term work with respect to overhaul, 
                            repair, or maintenance of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. Warranty requirements for shipbuilding contracts.
Sec. 1023. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
                            Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing 
                            ships.
Sec. 1025. Restrictions on the overhaul and repair of vessels in 
                            foreign shipyards.
                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Frequency of counterterrorism operations briefings.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
                            individuals detained at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United 
                            States.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
                            facilities in the United States to house 
                            detainees transferred from United States 
                            Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
                            certain countries of individuals detained 
                            at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
                            Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
                            closure of United States Naval Station, 
                            Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1036. Modification of congressional notification of sensitive 
                            military operations.
Sec. 1037. Comprehensive strategy for detention of certain individuals.
Sec. 1038. Declassification of information on past terrorist activities 
                            of detainees transferred from United States 
                            Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1039. Prohibition on enforcement of military commission rulings 
                            preventing members of the Armed Forces from 
                            carrying out otherwise lawful duties based 
                            on member gender.
         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Expanded authority for transportation by the Department of 
                            Defense of non-Department of Defense 
                            personnel and cargo.
Sec. 1042. Limitation on retirement, deactivation, or decommissioning 
                            of mine countermeasures ships.
Sec. 1043. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to 
                            issue non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 1044. Evaluation of Navy alternate combination cover and unisex 
                            combination cover.
Sec. 1045. Protection of certain Federal spectrum operations.
Sec. 1046. Transportation on military aircraft on a space-available 
                            basis for members and former members of the 
                            Armed Forces with disabilities rated as 
                            total.
Sec. 1047. National Guard flyovers of public events.
Sec. 1048. Application of the Freedom of Information Act to the 
                            National Security Council.
Sec. 1049. Requirement relating to transfer of excess Department of 
                            Defense equipment to Federal and State 
                            agencies.
                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Temporary continuation of certain Department of Defense 
                            reporting requirements.
Sec. 1062. Matters for inclusion in report on designation of countries 
                            for which rewards may be paid under 
                            Department of Defense rewards program.
Sec. 1063. Congressional notification of biological select agent and 
                            toxin theft, loss, or release involving the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1064. Report on service-provided support to United States special 
                            operations forces.
Sec. 1065. Report on citizen security responsibilities in the Northern 
                            Triangle of Central America.
Sec. 1066. Report on counterproliferation activities and programs.
Sec. 1067. Inclusion of ballistic missile defense information in annual 
                            report on requirements of combatant 
                            commands.
Sec. 1068. Reviews by Department of Defense concerning national 
                            security use of spectrum.
Sec. 1069. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment 
                            requirements for the non-Federalized 
                            National Guard to support civilian 
                            authorities in prevention and response to 
                            domestic disasters.
Sec. 1070. Briefing on criteria for determining locations of Air Force 
                            Installation and Mission Support Center 
                            headquarters.
Sec. 1071. Report on testing and integration of minehunting sonar 
                            systems to improve Littoral Combat Ship 
                            minehunting capabilities.
Sec. 1072. Report on carrier air wing force structure.
Sec. 1073. Quarterly reports on parachute jumps conducted at Fort Bragg 
                            and Pope Army Airfield and Air Force 
                            support for such jumps.
Sec. 1074. Briefing on real property inventory.
Sec. 1075. Report on adjustment and diversification assistance.
Sec. 1076. Briefing on the protection of personally identifying 
                            information of members of the Armed Forces.
                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Modification to support for non-Federal development and 
                            testing of material for chemical agent 
                            defense.
Sec. 1083. Increase in maximum amount available for equipment, 
                            services, and supplies provided for 
                            humanitarian demining assistance.
Sec. 1084. Liquidation of unpaid credits accrued as a result of 
                            transactions under a cross-servicing 
                            agreement.
Sec. 1085. Clarification of contracts covered by airlift service 
                            provision.
Sec. 1086. National biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1087. Global Cultural Knowledge Network.
Sec. 1088. Modification of requirements relating to management of 
                            military technicians.
Sec. 1089. Sense of Congress regarding Connecticut's Submarine Century.
Sec. 1090. LNG permitting certainty and transparency.
Sec. 1091. Sense of Congress regarding the reporting of the MV-22 
                            mishap in Marana, Arizona, on April 8, 
                            2000.
Sec. 1092. Transfer of surplus firearms to corporation for the 
                            promotion of rifle practice and firearms 
                            safety.
Sec. 1093. Sense of Congress regarding the importance of Panama City, 
                            Florida, to the history and future of the 
                            armed forces.
Sec. 1094. Protections relating to civil rights and disabilities.
Sec. 1095. Nonapplicability of certain executive order to Department of 
                            Defense and National Nuclear Security 
                            Administration.
Sec. 1096. Determination and disclosure of transportation costs 
                            incurred by Secretary of Defense for 
                            congressional trips outside the United 
                            States.
Sec. 1097. Waiver of certain polygraph examination requirements.
Sec. 1098. Use of Transportation Worker Identification Credential to 
                            gain access at Department of Defense 
                            installations.
Sec. 1098A. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
                            certain landmines and report on development 
                            of replacement anti-personnel landmine 
                            munitions.
Sec. 1098B. Requirement for memorandum of understanding regarding 
                            transfer of detainees.
Sec. 1098C. Sense of congress regarding american veterans disabled for 
                            life.
Sec. 1098D. Study on military helicopter noise.
Sec. 1098E. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.
Sec. 1098F. Sense of Congress regarding United States Northern Command 
                            preparedness.
Sec. 1098G. Cost of Wars.
Sec. 1098H. Workforce issues for relocation of marines to Guam.
Sec. 1098I. Review of Department of Defense debt collection 
                            regulations.
Sec. 1098J. Importance of role played by women in World War II.
Sec. 1098K. Recovery of excess rifles, ammunition, and parts granted to 
                            foreign countries and transfer to certain 
                            persons.
Sec. 1098L. Project management.
Subtitle H--United States Naval Station Guantanamo Bay Preservation Act

Sec. 1099. Short title.
Sec. 1099A. Findings.
Sec. 1099B. Prohibition on modification, abrogation, or other related 
                            actions with respect to United States 
                            jurisdiction and control over United States 
                            Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
                            without congressional action.
Sec. 1099C. Guantanamo lease agreements defined.
                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Temporary direct hire authority for domestic defense 
                            industrial base facilities and the Major 
                            Range and Test Facilities Base.
Sec. 1102. Temporary personnel flexibilities for domestic defense 
                            industrial base facilities and Major Range 
                            and Test Facilities Base civilian 
                            personnel.
Sec. 1103. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            civilian personnel on official duty in a 
                            combat zone.
Sec. 1104. Advance payments for employees relocating within the United 
                            States and its territories.
Sec. 1105. Permanent authority for alternative personnel program for 
                            scientific and technical personnel.
Sec. 1106. Modification to information technology personnel exchange 
                            program.
Sec. 1107. Treatment of certain localities for calculation of per diem 
                            allowances.
Sec. 1108. Eligibility of employees in a time-limited appointment to 
                            compete for a permanent appointment at any 
                            Federal agency.
Sec. 1109. Limitation on administrative leave.
Sec. 1110. Record of investigation of personnel action in separated 
                            employee's official personnel file.
Sec. 1111. Review of official personnel file of former Federal 
                            employees before rehiring.
Sec. 1112. Report on Department of Defense civilian workforce personnel 
                            and contractors.
Sec. 1113. Public-private talent exchange.
             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition 
                            forces supporting certain United States 
                            military operations.
Sec. 1202. Extension of authority for training of general purpose 
                            forces of the United States Armed Forces 
                            with military and other security forces of 
                            friendly foreign countries.
Sec. 1203. Modification and extension of authority to conduct 
                            activities to enhance the capability of 
                            foreign countries to respond to incidents 
                            involving weapons of mass destruction.
Sec. 1204. Extension of authority for support of special operations to 
                            combat terrorism.
Sec. 1205. Modification and codification of reporting requirements 
                            relating to security cooperation 
                            authorities.
Sec. 1206. Independent assessment of Department of Defense security 
                            cooperation programs.
Sec. 1207. Sense of Congress regarding an assessment, monitoring, and 
                            evaluation framework for security 
                            cooperation.
Sec. 1208. Report on the prohibition on use of funds for assistance to 
                            units of foreign security forces that have 
                            committed a gross violation of human 
                            rights.
        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
                            Program.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
                            certain coalition nations for support 
                            provided to United States military 
                            operations.
Sec. 1213. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
                            produced in countries along a major route 
                            of supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
                            provide defense services to the military 
                            and security forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Sense of Congress on United States policy and strategy in 
                            Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Special immigrant status for certain Afghans.
Sec. 1217. Modification to semiannual report on enhancing security and 
                            stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1218. Sense of Congress relating to Dr. Shakil Afridi.
Sec. 1219. Report on access to financial records of the Government of 
                            Afghanistan to audit the use of funds for 
                            assistance for Afghanistan.
             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria and Iraq

Sec. 1221. Modification and extension of authority to provide 
                            assistance to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1222. Modification and extension of authority to provide 
                            assistance to counter the Islamic State of 
                            Iraq and the Levant.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
                            operations and activities of the Office of 
                            Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Report on prevention of future terrorist organizations in 
                            Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1225. Semiannual report on integration of political and military 
                            strategies against ISIL.
Sec. 1226. Sense of Congress condemning continuing attacks on medical 
                            facilities in Syria.
Sec. 1227. United Nations processing center in Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan, 
                            to assist internationally-displaced 
                            communities.
Sec. 1228. Sense of Congress on business practices of the Islamic State 
                            of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
Sec. 1229. Prohibition on transfer of man-portable air defense systems 
                            to any entity in Syria.
         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Limitation on use of funds to approve or otherwise permit 
                            approval of certain requests by Russian 
                            Federation under Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1232. Military response options to Russian Federation violation of 
                            INF Treaty.
Sec. 1233. Limitation on military cooperation between the United States 
                            and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1234. Statement of policy on United States efforts in Europe to 
                            reassure United States partners and allies 
                            and deter aggression by the Government of 
                            the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1235. Modification of Ukraine security assistance initiative.
Sec. 1236. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
                            of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1237. Modification and extension of report on military assistance 
                            to Ukraine.
Sec. 1238. Additional matters in annual report on military and security 
                            developments involving the Russian 
                            Federation.
                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 1241. Sense of Congress on malign activities of the Government of 
                            Iran.
Sec. 1242. Modification of annual report on military and security 
                            developments involving the People's 
                            Republic of China.
Sec. 1243. Sense of Congress on trilateral cooperation between Japan, 
                            South Korea, and the United States.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress on cooperation between Singapore and the 
                            United States.
Sec. 1245. Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, 
                            disaster, and civic aid programs of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1246. Enhancement of interagency support during contingency 
                            operations and transition periods.
Sec. 1247. Two-year extension and modification of authorization of non-
                            conventional assisted recovery 
                            capabilities.
Sec. 1248. Authority to destroy certain specified World War II-era 
                            United States-origin chemical munitions 
                            located on San Jose Island, Republic of 
                            Panama.
Sec. 1249. Strategy for United States defense interests in Africa.
Sec. 1250. United States-Israel directed energy cooperation.
Sec. 1251. Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
                            Lithuania.
Sec. 1252. Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.
Sec. 1253. Modification of annual report on military power of Iran.
Sec. 1254. Sense of Congress on senior military exchanges between the 
                            United States and Taiwan.
Sec. 1255. Quarterly report on freedom of navigation operations.
Sec. 1256. Annual report on foreign military sales to Taiwan.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on July 2016 NATO Summit in Warsaw, 
                            Poland.
Sec. 1258. Report on violence and cartel activity in Mexico.
Sec. 1259. United States policy on Taiwan.
Sec. 1259A. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
                            Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1259B. Limitation on military contact and cooperation between the 
                            United States and Cuba.
Sec. 1259C. Global Engagement Center.
Sec. 1259D. Establishment of the Broadcasting Board of Governors Chief 
                            Executive Officer Position.
Sec. 1259E. United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994.
Sec. 1259F. Redesignation and enhancement of South China Sea 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1259G. Opportunities to equip certain foreign military entities.
Sec. 1259H. Reports on INF Treaty and Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1259I. Sense of Congress regarding the role of the United States 
                            in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1259J. Authorization of United States assistance to Israel.
Sec. 1259K. Sense of Congress in support of a denuclearized Korean 
                            peninsula.
Sec. 1259L. Measures against persons involved in activities that 
                            violate arms control treaties or agreements 
                            with the United States.
Sec. 1259M. Department of Defense report on cooperation between Iran 
                            and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1259N. Report on maintenance by Israel of a robust independent 
                            capability to remove existential security 
                            threats.
Sec. 1259O. Report on use by the Government of Iran of commercial 
                            aircraft and related services for illicit 
                            military or other activities.
Sec. 1259P. Authority to grant observer status to the military forces 
                            of Taiwan at RIMPAC exercises.
Sec. 1259Q. Agreements with foreign governments to develop land-based 
                            water resources in support of and in 
                            preparation for contingency operations.
Sec. 1259R. Extension of reporting requirements on the use of certain 
                            Iranian seaports by foreign vessels and use 
                            of foreign airports by sanctioned Iranian 
                            air carriers.
Sec. 1259S. Notification and assessment of ballistic missile launch by 
                            Iran.
Sec. 1259T. Sense of Congress on integrated ballistic missile defense 
                            system for GCC partner countries, Jordan, 
                            Egypt, and Israel.
Sec. 1259U. Authority to provide assistance and training to increase 
                            maritime security and domain awareness of 
                            foreign countries bordering the Persian 
                            Gulf, Arabian Sea, or Mediterranean Sea.
Sec. 1259V. Sense of Congress on military relations between Vietnam and 
                            the United States.
Sec. 1259W. Report on efforts to combat Boko Haram in Nigeria and the 
                            Lake Chad Basin.
  Subtitle F--Codification and Consolidation of Department of Defense 
                    Security Cooperation Authorities

Sec. 1261. Enactment of new chapter for Department of Defense security 
                            cooperation authorities and transfer of 
                            certain authorities to new chapter.
Sec. 1262. Enhancing defense and security cooperation with India.
                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.
Sec. 1303. Limitation on availability of funds for Cooperative Threat 
                            Reduction in People's Republic of China.
                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1403. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1404. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1405. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1406. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1407. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Authority to dispose of certain materials from and to 
                            acquire additional materials for the 
                            National Defense Stockpile.
Sec. 1412. Revisions to the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock 
                            Piling Act.
                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            Medical Facility Demonstration Fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
Sec. 1422. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.
   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
                            appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health program.
Sec. 1510. Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund.
                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.
Sec. 1523. Codification of Office of Management and Budget criteria.
          Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1532. Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1533. Extension of authority to use Joint Improvised Explosive 
                            Device Defeat Fund for training of foreign 
                            security forces to defeat improvised 
                            explosive devices.
     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Rocket propulsion system to replace RD-180.
Sec. 1602. Exception to the prohibition on contracting with Russian 
                            suppliers of rocket engines for the evolved 
                            expendable launch vehicle program.
Sec. 1603. Analysis of alternatives for wide-band communications.
Sec. 1604. Modification to pilot program for acquisition of commercial 
                            satellite communication services.
Sec. 1605. Space-based environmental monitoring.
Sec. 1606. Prohibition on use of certain non-allied positioning, 
                            navigation, and timing systems.
Sec. 1607. Limitation of availability of funds for the Joint Space 
                            Operations Center Mission System.
Sec. 1608. Space-based infrared system and advanced extremely high 
                            frequency program.
Sec. 1609. Plans on transfer of acquisition and funding authority of 
                            certain weather missions to National 
                            Reconnaissance Office.
Sec. 1610. Pilot program on commercial weather data.
Sec. 1611. Organization and management of national security space 
                            activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1612. Review of charter of Operationally Responsive Space Program 
                            Office.
Sec. 1613. Backup and complementary positioning, navigation, and timing 
                            capabilities of Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1614. Report on use of spacecraft assets of the space-based 
                            infrared system wide-field-of-view program.
  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Limitation on availability of funds for intelligence 
                            management.
Sec. 1622. Limitations on availability of funds for United States 
                            Central Command Intelligence Fusion Center.
Sec. 1623. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Intelligence 
                            Analysis Complex.
                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Special emergency procurement authority to facilitate the 
                            defense against or recovery from a cyber 
                            attack.
Sec. 1632. Change in name of National Defense University's Information 
                            Resources Management College to College of 
                            Information and Cyberspace.
Sec. 1633. Requirement to enter into agreements relating to use of 
                            cyber opposition forces.
Sec. 1634. Limitation on availability of funds for cryptographic 
                            systems and key management infrastructure.
Sec. 1635. Pilot programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 1636. Report on policies for responding to malicious cyber 
                            activities carried out against the United 
                            States or United States persons by foreign 
                            states or non-state actors.
Sec. 1637. Assessment on security of information held by cleared 
                            defense contractors.
Sec. 1638. Sense of Congress on cyber resiliency of the networks and 
                            communications systems of the National 
                            Guard.
Sec. 1639. Requirement for Army National Guard strategy to incorporate 
                            cyber protection teams into Department of 
                            Defense cyber mission force.
                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1641. Improvements to Council on Oversight of National Leadership 
                            Command, Control, and Communications 
                            System.
Sec. 1642. Treatment of certain sensitive information by State and 
                            local governments.
Sec. 1643. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
                            ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1644. Prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant of 
                            ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1645. Limitation on availability of funds for extension of New 
                            START Treaty.
Sec. 1646. Consolidation of nuclear command, control, and 
                            communications functions of the Air Force.
Sec. 1647. Report on Russian and Chinese political and military 
                            leadership survivability, command and 
                            control, and continuity of government 
                            programs and activities.
Sec. 1648. Sense of Congress on importance of independent nuclear 
                            deterrent of United Kingdom.
Sec. 1649. Requests for forces to meet security requirements for land-
                            based nuclear forces.
Sec. 1649A. Matters related to intercontinental ballistic missiles.
                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1651. Extensions of prohibitions relating to missile defense 
                            information and systems.
Sec. 1652. Review of the missile defeat policy and strategy of the 
                            United States.
Sec. 1653. Iron dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
                            cooperative missile defense program 
                            codevelopment and coproduction.
Sec. 1654. Maximizing Aegis Ashore capability.
Sec. 1655. Technical authority for integrated air and missile defense 
                            activities and programs.
Sec. 1656. Development and research of non-terrestrial missile defense 
                            layer.
Sec. 1657. Hypersonic boost glide vehicle defense.
Sec. 1658. Limitation on availability of funds for Patriot lower tier 
                            air and missile defense capability of the 
                            Army.
Sec. 1659. Limitation on availability of funds for conventional prompt 
                            global strike weapons system.
Sec. 1660. Pilot program on loss of unclassified, controlled technical 
                            information.
Sec. 1661. Review of Missile Defense Agency budget submissions for 
                            ground-based midcourse defense and 
                            evaluation of alternative ground-based 
                            interceptor deployments.
Sec. 1662. Declaratory policy, concept of operations, and employment 
                            guidelines for left-of-launch capability.
Sec. 1663. Procurement of medium-range discrimination radar to improve 
                            homeland missile defense.
Sec. 1664. Semiannual notifications on missile defense tests and costs.
Sec. 1665. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1666. Sense of Congress on initial operating capability of phase 2 
                            of European Phased Adaptive Approach to 
                            missile defense.
                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 1672. Improvement of coordination by Department of Defense of 
                            electromagnetic spectrum usage.
Sec. 1673. Harmful interference to Department of Defense Global 
                            Positioning System.
         TITLE XVII--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION AGILITY

Sec. 1701. Modular open system approach in development of major weapon 
                            systems.
Sec. 1702. Development, prototyping, and deployment of weapon system 
                            components or technology.
Sec. 1703. Cost, schedule, and performance of major defense acquisition 
                            programs.
Sec. 1704. Transparency in major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 1705. Amendments relating to technical data rights.
      TITLE XVIII--MATTERS RELATING TO SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT

  Subtitle A--Improving Transparency and Clarity for Small Businesses

Sec. 1801. Plain language rewrite of requirements for small business 
                            procurements.
Sec. 1802. Improving reporting on small business goals.
Sec. 1803. Transparency in small business goals.
Sec. 1804. Uniformity in procurement terminology.
      Subtitle B--Clarifying the Roles of Small Business Advocates

Sec. 1811. Scope of review by procurement center representatives.
Sec. 1812. Responsibilities of Commercial Market Representatives.
Sec. 1813. Duties of the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business 
                            Utilization.
Sec. 1814. Improving contractor compliance.
Sec. 1815. Responsibilities of Business Opportunity Specialists.
      Subtitle C--Strengthening Opportunities for Competition in 
                             Subcontracting

Sec. 1821. Good faith in subcontracting.
Sec. 1822. Pilot program to provide opportunities for qualified 
                            subcontractors to obtain past performance 
                            ratings.
                  Subtitle D--Mentor-Protege Programs

Sec. 1831. Amendments to the Mentor-Protege Program of the Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 1832. Improving cooperation between the mentor-protege programs of 
                            the Small Business Administration and the 
                            Department of Defense.
                 Subtitle E--Women's Business Programs

Sec. 1841. Office of Women's Business Ownership.
Sec. 1842. Women's Business Center Program.
Sec. 1843. Matching requirements under Women's Business Center Program.
                       Subtitle F--SCORE Program

Sec. 1851. SCORE Reauthorization.
Sec. 1852. SCORE program.
Sec. 1853. Online component.
Sec. 1854. Study and report on the future role of the score program.
Sec. 1855. Technical and conforming amendments.
                  Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 1861. Improving education on small business regulations.
Sec. 1862. Protecting task order competition.
Sec. 1863. Improvements to size standards for small agricultural 
                            producers.
Sec. 1864. Uniformity in service-disabled veteran definitions.
Sec. 1865. Required reports pertaining to capital planning and 
                            investment control.
Sec. 1866. Office of Hearings and Appeals.
Sec. 1867. Issuance of guidance on small business matters.
Sec. 1868. Role of small business development centers in cyber security 
                            and preparedness.
Sec. 1869. Additional cyber security assistance for small business 
                            development centers.
Sec. 1869A. Cybersecurity outreach for small business development 
                            centers.
Sec. 1869B. GAO study on small business cyber support services and 
                            small business development center cyber 
                            strategy.
Sec. 1869C. Prohibition on additional funds.
      Subtitle H--Small Business Development Centers Improvements

Sec. 1871. Short title.
Sec. 1872. Use of authorized entrepreneurial development programs.
Sec. 1873. Marketing of services.
Sec. 1874. Data collection.
Sec. 1875. Fees from private partnerships and cosponsorships.
Sec. 1876. Equity for small business development centers.
Sec. 1877. Confidentiality requirements.
Sec. 1878. Limitation on award of grants to small business development 
                            centers.
            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.
                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2014 project.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
                            projects.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            projects.
                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2014 project.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
                            projects.
Sec. 2207. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            projects.
Sec. 2208. Status of ``net negative'' policy regarding Navy acreage on 
                            Guam.
              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2016 project.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
                            project.
Sec. 2307. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            project.
Sec. 2308. Restriction on acquisition of property in Northern Mariana 
                            Islands.
           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2014 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
                            projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            projects.
   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                PROGRAM

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2014 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2015 project.
Sec. 2613. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
                            2016 project.
Sec. 2614. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
                            project.
Sec. 2615. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
                            projects.
          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense base closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional Base Realignment and 
                            Closure (BRAC) round.
         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Modification of criteria for treatment of laboratory 
                            revitalization projects as minor military 
                            construction projects.
Sec. 2802. Classification of facility conversion projects as repair 
                            projects.
Sec. 2803. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
                            and maintenance funds for construction 
                            projects outside the United States.
Sec. 2804. Extension of temporary authority for acceptance and use of 
                            contributions for certain construction, 
                            maintenance, and repair projects mutually 
                            beneficial to the Department of Defense and 
                            Kuwait military forces.
Sec. 2805. Notice and reporting requirements for energy conservation 
                            construction projects.
Sec. 2806. Additional entities eligible for participation in defense 
                            laboratory modernization pilot program.
Sec. 2807. Sense of Congress on maximizing number of veterans employed 
                            on military construction projects.
        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Congressional notification for in-kind contributions for 
                            overseas military construction projects.
Sec. 2812. Prohibition on use of military installations to house 
                            unaccompanied alien children.
Sec. 2813. Allotment of space and provision of services to WIC offices 
                            operating on military installations.
Sec. 2814. Sense of Congress regarding need to consult with State and 
                            local officials prior to acquisitions of 
                            real property.
Sec. 2815. Sense of Congress regarding inclusion of stormwater systems 
                            and components within the meaning of 
                            ``wastewater system'' under the Department 
                            of Defense authority for conveyance of 
                            utility systems.
Sec. 2816. Assessment of public schools on Department of Defense 
                            installations.
Sec. 2817. Improved process for disposal of Department of Defense 
                            surplus real property located overseas.
   Subtitle C--Provision Related to Asia-Pacific Military Realignment

Sec. 2821. Limited exceptions to restriction on development of public 
                            infrastructure in connection with 
                            realignment of Marine Corps forces in Asia-
                            Pacific region.
                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyances, High Frequency Active Auroral Research 
                            Program facility and adjacent property, 
                            Gakona, Alaska.
Sec. 2832. Land conveyance, Campion Air Force Radar Station, Galena, 
                            Alaska.
Sec. 2833. Exchange of property interests, San Diego Unified Port 
                            District, California.
Sec. 2834. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
                            land conveyance, Eglin Air Force Base, 
                            Florida.
Sec. 2835. Land exchange, Fort Hood, Texas.
Sec. 2836. Land conveyance, P-36 Warehouse, Colbern United States Army 
                            Reserve Center, Laredo, Texas.
Sec. 2837. Land conveyance, St. George National Guard Armory, St. 
                            George, Utah.
Sec. 2838. Release of restrictions, Richland Innovation Center, 
                            Richland, Washington.
Sec. 2839. Modification of land conveyance, Rocky Mountain Arsenal 
                            National Wildlife Refuge.
Sec. 2839A. Closure of St. Marys Airport.
Sec. 2839B. Prohibition on transfer of administrative jurisdiction, 
                            portion of Organ Mountains Area, Fillmore 
                            Canyon, New Mexico.
                 Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Bureau of Land Management withdrawn military lands under 
                            Military Lands Withdrawal Act of 1999.
Sec. 2842. Permanent withdrawal or transfer of administrative 
                            jurisdiction of public land, Naval Air 
                            Weapons Station China Lake, California.
         Subtitle F--Military Memorials, Monuments, and Museums

Sec. 2851. Cyber Center for Education and Innovation-Home of the 
                            National Cryptologic Museum.
Sec. 2852. Renaming site of the Dayton Aviation Heritage National 
                            Historical Park, Ohio.
Sec. 2853. Support for military service memorials and museums 
                            highlighting role of women in the military.
Sec. 2854. Petersburg National Battlefield boundary modification.
Sec. 2855. Amendments to the National Historic Preservation Act.
Sec. 2856. Recognition of the National Museum of World War II Aviation.
Sec. 2857. Battleship preservation grant program.
               Subtitle G--Designations and Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Designation of portion of Moffett Federal Airfield, 
                            California, as Moffett Air National Guard 
                            Base.
Sec. 2862. Redesignation of Mike O'Callaghan Federal Medical Center.
Sec. 2863. Transfer of certain items of the Omar Bradley Foundation to 
                            the descendants of General Omar Bradley.
Sec. 2864. Protection and recovery of Greater Sage Grouse.
Sec. 2865. Implementation of lesser prairie-chicken range-wide 
                            conservation plan and other conservation 
                            measures.
Sec. 2866. Removal of endangered species status for American burying 
                            beetle.
Sec. 2867. Report on documentation for acquisition of certain 
                            properties along Columbia River, 
                            Washington, by Corps of Engineers.
   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.
  TITLE XXX--UTAH TEST AND TRAINING RANGE ENCROACHMENT PREVENTION AND 
                     TEMPORARY CLOSURE AUTHORITIES

Sec. 3001. Findings and definitions.
                Subtitle A--Utah Test and Training Range

Sec. 3011. Management of BLM land.
Sec. 3012. Temporary closures.
Sec. 3013. Community resource group.
Sec. 3014. Liability.
Sec. 3015. Effects of subtitle.
                       Subtitle B--Land Exchange

Sec. 3021. Findings and purpose.
Sec. 3022. Definitions.
Sec. 3023. Exchange of Federal land and non-Federal land.
Sec. 3024. Status and management of non-Federal land after exchange.
Sec. 3025. Hazardous materials.
                   Subtitle C--Highway Rights-of-way

Sec. 3031. Recognition and transfer of certain highway rights-of-way.
 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

         Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.
   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Independent acquisition project reviews of capital assets 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 3112. Research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel 
                            system based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3113. Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium.
Sec. 3114. Design basis threat.
Sec. 3115. Prohibition on availability of funds for provision of 
                            certain assistance to Russian Federation.
Sec. 3116. Limitation on availability of funds for Federal salaries and 
                            expenses.
Sec. 3117. Limitation on availability of funds for defense 
                            environmental cleanup program direction.
Sec. 3118. Limitation on availability of funds for acceleration of 
                            nuclear weapons dismantlement.
Sec. 3119. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
                            Plant.
Sec. 3119A. Limitation on availability of funds for the Department of 
                            Energy.
Sec. 3119B. Sense of Congress regarding accounting practices by 
                            laboratory operating contractors and plant 
                            or site managers of National Nuclear 
                            Security Administration facilities.
Sec. 3119C. Protection of certain nuclear facilities from unmanned 
                            aircraft.
                     Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3121. Clarification of annual report and certification on status 
                            of security of atomic energy defense 
                            facilities.
Sec. 3122. Annual report on service support contracts of the National 
                            Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3123. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 3124. Independent assessment of technology development under 
                            defense environmental cleanup program.
Sec. 3125. Updated plan for verification and monitoring of 
                            proliferation of nuclear weapons and 
                            fissile material.
Sec. 3126. Briefing on the information-interchange of low-enriched 
                            uranium.
          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
          TITLE XXXIII--NUCLEAR ENERGY INNOVATION CAPABILITIES

Sec. 3301. Short title.
Sec. 3302. Nuclear energy.
Sec. 3303. Nuclear energy research programs.
Sec. 3304. Advanced fuel cycle initiative.
Sec. 3305. University nuclear science and engineering support.
Sec. 3306. Department of Energy civilian nuclear infrastructure and 
                            facilities.
Sec. 3307. Security of nuclear facilities.
Sec. 3308. High-performance computation and supportive research.
Sec. 3309. Enabling nuclear energy innovation.
Sec. 3310. Budget plan.
Sec. 3311. Conforming amendments.
                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.
                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Authority to make pro rata annual payments under operating 
                            agreements for vessels participating in 
                            Maritime Security Fleet.
Sec. 3503. Authority to extend certain age restrictions relating to 
                            vessels in the Maritime Security Fleet.
Sec. 3504. Corrections to provisions enacted by Coast Guard 
                            Authorization Acts.
Sec. 3505. Status of National Defense Reserve Fleet vessels.
Sec. 3506. NDRF national security multi-mission vessel.
Sec. 3507. United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3508. Use of National Defense Reserve Fleet scrapping proceeds.
Sec. 3509. Floating dry docks.
Sec. 3510. Expedited processing of applications for transportation 
                            security cards for separating members of 
                            the Armed Forces and veterans.
Sec. 3511. Training under Transition Assistance Program on employment 
                            opportunities associated with 
                            transportation security cards.
Sec. 3512. Application of law.
                       TITLE XXXVI--BALLAST WATER

Sec. 3601. Short title.
Sec. 3602. Definitions.
Sec. 3603. Regulation and enforcement.
Sec. 3604. Uniform national standards and requirements for the 
                            regulation of discharges incidental to the 
                            normal operation of a vessel.
Sec. 3605. Treatment technology certification.
Sec. 3606. Exemptions.
Sec. 3607. Alternative compliance program.
Sec. 3608. Judicial review.
Sec. 3609. Effect on State authority.
Sec. 3610. Application with other statutes.
                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4103. Procurement for overseas contingency operations for base 
                            requirements.
        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.
Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations for base 
                            requirements.
                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations for base requirements.
                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4403. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations for 
                            base requirements.
                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4503. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations for 
                            base requirements.
                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4603. Military construction for overseas contingency operations 
                            for base requirements.
      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.
                      DIVISION E--MILITARY JUSTICE

Sec. 6000. Short title.
                      TITLE LX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 6001. Definitions.
Sec. 6002. Clarification of persons subject to UCMJ while on inactive-
                            duty training.
Sec. 6003. Staff judge advocate disqualification due to prior 
                            involvement in case.
Sec. 6004. Conforming amendment relating to military magistrates.
Sec. 6005. Rights of victim.
                 TITLE LXI--APPREHENSION AND RESTRAINT

Sec. 6101. Restraint of persons charged.
Sec. 6102. Modification of prohibition of confinement of armed forces 
                            members with enemy prisoners and certain 
                            others.
                  TITLE LXII--NON-JUDICIAL PUNISHMENT

Sec. 6201. Modification of confinement as non-judicial punishment.
                TITLE LXIII--COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION

Sec. 6301. Courts-martial classified.
Sec. 6302. Jurisdiction of general courts-martial.
Sec. 6303. Jurisdiction of special courts-martial.
Sec. 6304. Summary court-martial as non-criminal forum.
               TITLE LXIV--COMPOSITION OF COURTS-MARTIAL

Sec. 6401. Technical amendment relating to persons authorized to 
                            convene general courts-martial.
Sec. 6402. Who may serve on courts-martial; detail of members.
Sec. 6403. Number of court-martial members in capital cases.
Sec. 6404. Detailing, qualifications, etc. of military judges.
Sec. 6405. Qualifications of trial counsel and defense counsel.
Sec. 6406. Assembly and impaneling of members; detail of new members 
                            and military judges.
Sec. 6407. Military magistrates.
                     TITLE LXV--PRE-TRIAL PROCEDURE

Sec. 6501. Charges and specifications.
Sec. 6502. Preliminary hearing required before referral to general 
                            court-martial.
Sec. 6503. Disposition guidance.
Sec. 6504. Advice to convening authority before referral for trial.
Sec. 6505. Service of charges and commencement of trial.
                      TITLE LXVI--TRIAL PROCEDURE

Sec. 6601. Duties of assistant defense counsel.
Sec. 6602. Sessions.
Sec. 6603. Technical amendment relating to continuances.
Sec. 6604. Conforming amendments relating to challenges.
Sec. 6605. Statute of limitations.
Sec. 6606. Former jeopardy.
Sec. 6607. Pleas of the accused.
Sec. 6608. Contempt.
Sec. 6609. Depositions.
Sec. 6610. Admissibility of sworn testimony by audiotape or videotape 
                            from records of courts of inquiry.
Sec. 6611. Conforming amendment relating to defense of lack of mental 
                            responsibility.
Sec. 6612. Voting and rulings.
Sec. 6613. Votes required for conviction, sentencing, and other 
                            matters.
Sec. 6614. Plea agreements.
Sec. 6615. Record of trial.
                         TITLE LXVII--SENTENCES

Sec. 6701. Sentencing.
Sec. 6701A. Minimum confinement period required for conviction of 
                            certain sex-related offenses committed by 
                            members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 6702. Effective date of sentences.
Sec. 6703. Sentence of reduction in enlisted grade.
    TITLE LXVIII--POST-TRIAL PROCEDURE AND REVIEW OF COURTS-MARTIAL

Sec. 6801. Post-trial processing in general and special courts-martial.
Sec. 6802. Limited authority to act on sentence in specified post-trial 
                            circumstances.
Sec. 6803. Post-trial actions in summary courts-martial and certain 
                            general and special courts-martial.
Sec. 6804. Entry of judgment.
Sec. 6805. Waiver of right to appeal and withdrawal of appeal.
Sec. 6806. Appeal by the United States.
Sec. 6807. Rehearings.
Sec. 6808. Judge advocate review of finding of guilty in summary court-
                            martial.
Sec. 6809. Transmittal and review of records.
Sec. 6810. Courts of criminal appeals.
Sec. 6811. Review by court of appeals for the armed forces.
Sec. 6812. Supreme Court review.
Sec. 6813. Review by Judge Advocate General.
Sec. 6814. Appellate defense counsel in death penalty cases.
Sec. 6815. Authority for hearing on vacation of suspension of sentence 
                            to be conducted by qualified judge 
                            advocate.
Sec. 6816. Extension of time for petition for new trial.
Sec. 6817. Restoration.
Sec. 6818. Leave requirements pending review of certain court-martial 
                            convictions.
                     TITLE LXIX--PUNITIVE ARTICLES

Sec. 6901. Reorganization of punitive articles.
Sec. 6902. Conviction of offense charged, lesser included offenses, and 
                            attempts.
Sec. 6903. Soliciting commission of offenses.
Sec. 6904. Malingering.
Sec. 6905. Breach of medical quarantine.
Sec. 6906. Missing movement; jumping from vessel.
Sec. 6907. Offenses against correctional custody and restriction.
Sec. 6908. Disrespect toward superior commissioned officer; assault of 
                            superior commissioned officer.
Sec. 6909. Willfully disobeying superior commissioned officer.
Sec. 6910. Prohibited activities with military recruit or trainee by 
                            person in position of special trust.
Sec. 6911. Offenses by sentinel or lookout.
Sec. 6912. Disrespect toward sentinel or lookout.
Sec. 6913. Release of prisoner without authority; drinking with 
                            prisoner.
Sec. 6914. Penalty for acting as a spy.
Sec. 6915. Public records offenses.
Sec. 6916. False or unauthorized pass offenses.
Sec. 6917. Impersonation offenses.
Sec. 6918. Insignia offenses.
Sec. 6919. False official statements; false swearing.
Sec. 6920. Parole violation.
Sec. 6921. Wrongful taking, opening, etc. of mail matter.
Sec. 6922. Improper hazarding of vessel or aircraft.
Sec. 6923. Leaving scene of vehicle accident.
Sec. 6924. Drunkenness and other incapacitation offenses.
Sec. 6925. Lower blood alcohol content limits for conviction of drunken 
                            or reckless operation of vehicle, aircraft, 
                            or vessel.
Sec. 6926. Endangerment offenses.
Sec. 6927. Communicating threats.
Sec. 6928. Technical amendment relating to murder.
Sec. 6929. Child endangerment.
Sec. 6930. Deposit of obscene matter in the mail.
Sec. 6931. Fraudulent use of credit cards, debit cards, and other 
                            access devices.
Sec. 6932. False pretenses to obtain services.
Sec. 6933. Robbery.
Sec. 6934. Receiving stolen property.
Sec. 6935. Offenses concerning government computers.
Sec. 6936. Bribery.
Sec. 6937. Graft.
Sec. 6938. Kidnapping.
Sec. 6939. Arson; burning property with intent to defraud.
Sec. 6940. Assault.
Sec. 6941. Burglary and unlawful entry.
Sec. 6942. Stalking.
Sec. 6943. Subornation of perjury.
Sec. 6944. Obstructing justice.
Sec. 6945. Misprision of serious offense.
Sec. 6946. Wrongful refusal to testify.
Sec. 6947. Prevention of authorized seizure of property.
Sec. 6948. Wrongful interference with adverse administrative 
                            proceeding.
Sec. 6949. Retaliation.
Sec. 6950. Extraterritorial application of certain offenses.
Sec. 6951. Table of sections.
                  TITLE LXX--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 7001. Technical amendment relating to courts of inquiry.
Sec. 7002. Technical amendment to article 136.
Sec. 7003. Articles of Uniform Code of Military Justice to be explained 
                            to officers upon commissioning.
Sec. 7004. Military justice case management; data collection and 
                            accessibility.
Sec. 7005. Return of Certain Lands At Fort Wingate to The Original 
                            Inhabitants Act.
      TITLE LXXI--MILITARY JUSTICE REVIEW PANEL AND ANNUAL REPORTS

Sec. 7101. Military justice review panel.
Sec. 7102. Annual reports.
         TITLE LXXII--CONFORMING AMENDMENTS AND EFFECTIVE DATES

Sec. 7201. Amendments to UCMJ subchapter tables of sections.
Sec. 7202. Effective dates.
        TITLE LXXIII--GUAM WORLD WAR II LOYALTY RECOGNITION ACT

Sec. 7301. Short title.
Sec. 7302. Recognition of the suffering and loyalty of the residents of 
                            Guam.
Sec. 7303. Guam World War II Claims Fund.
Sec. 7304. Payments for Guam World War II claims.
Sec. 7305. Adjudication.
Sec. 7306. Grants program to memorialize the occupation of Guam during 
                            World War II.
Sec. 7307. Authorization of appropriations.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2017 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR AH-64E APACHE 
              HELICOPTERS.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Army may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2017 program year, for the procurement of AH-64E Apache helicopters.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2017 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 112. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR UH-60M AND HH-60M BLACK 
              HAWK HELICOPTERS.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Army may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2017 program year, for the procurement of UH-60M and HH-60M Black Hawk 
helicopters.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2017 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

SEC. 113. ASSESSMENT OF CERTAIN CAPABILITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE 
              ARMY.

    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the Army, shall conduct 
an assessment of the following capabilities with respect to the 
Department of the Army:
            (1) The capacity of AH-64 Apache-equipped attack 
        reconnaissance battalions to meet future needs.
            (2) Air defense artillery capacity and responsiveness, 
        including--
                    (A) the capacity of short-range air defense 
                artillery to address existing and emerging threats, 
                including threats posed by unmanned aerial systems, 
                cruise missiles, and manned aircraft; and
                    (B) the potential for commercial off-the-shelf 
                solutions.
            (3) Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear 
        capabilities and modernization needs.
            (4) Field artillery capabilities, including--
                    (A) modernization needs;
                    (B) munitions inventory shortfalls; and
                    (C) changes in doctrine and war plans consistent 
                with the Memorandum of the Secretary of Defense dated 
                June 19, 2008, regarding the Department of Defense 
                policy on cluster munitions and unintended harm to 
                civilians.
            (5) Fuel distribution and water purification capacity and 
        responsiveness.
            (6) Watercraft and port-opening capabilities and 
        responsiveness.
            (7) Transportation capacity and responsiveness, 
        particularly with respect to the transportation of fuel, water, 
        and cargo.
            (8) Military police capacity.
            (9) Tactical mobility and tactical wheeled vehicle 
        capacity, including heavy equipment prime movers.
    (b) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
containing--
            (1) the assessment conducted under subsection (a);
            (2) recommendations for reducing or eliminating shortfalls 
        in responsiveness and capacity with respect to each of the 
        capabilities described in such subsection; and
            (3) an estimate of the costs of implementing such 
        recommendations.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (b) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 114. FUNDING FOR SURFACE-TO-AIR MISSILE SYSTEM.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
procurement, as specified in the corresponding funding table in section 
4101, for missile procurement, Army, surface-to-air missile system, MSE 
missile (Line 002) is hereby increased by $82,400,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
Department of Energy national security programs, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4701, for Defense Nuclear 
Nonproliferation, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation Programs, Defense 
Nuclear Nonproliferation R&D, Material management and minimization is 
hereby reduced by $82,400,000.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROGRAMS.

    (a) Procurement Authority in Support of Construction of Ford Class 
Aircraft Carriers.--
            (1) Authority for economic order quantity.--The Secretary 
        of the Navy may procure materiel and equipment in support of 
        the construction of the Ford class aircraft carriers designated 
        CVN-80 and CVN-81 in economic order quantities when cost 
        savings are achievable.
            (2) Liability.--Any contract entered into under paragraph 
        (1) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to 
        make a payment under the contract is subject to the 
        availability of appropriations for that purpose, and that total 
        liability to the Government for termination of any contract 
        entered into shall be limited to the total amount of funding 
        obligated at time of termination.
    (b) Refueling and Complex Overhaul of Nimitz Class Aircraft 
Carriers.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may carry out 
        the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of each of the 
        following Nimitz class aircraft carriers:
                    (A) U.S.S. George Washington (CVN-73).
                    (B) U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74).
                    (C) U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
                    (D) U.S.S. Ronald Reagan (CVN-76).
                    (E) U.S.S. George H.W. Bush (CVN-77).
            (2) Use of incremental funding.--With respect to any 
        contract entered into under paragraph (1) for the nuclear 
        refueling and complex overhaul of a Nimitz class aircraft 
        carrier, the Secretary may use incremental funding for a period 
        not to exceed six years after advance procurement funds for 
        such nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort are first 
        obligated.
            (3) Condition for out-year contract payments.--Any contract 
        entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any 
        obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
        contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 is subject to 
        the availability of appropriations for that purpose for that 
        later fiscal year.

SEC. 122. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROCUREMENT SCHEDULES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) In a report submitted to Congress on March 17, 2015, 
        the Secretary of the Navy indicated the Department of the Navy 
        has a requirement of 11 aircraft carriers.
            (2) In the Congressional Budget Office report titled ``An 
        Analysis of the Navy's Fiscal Year 2016 Shipbuilding Plan'', 
        the Office stated as follows: ``To prevent the carrier force 
        from declining to 10 ships in the 2040s, 1 short of its 
        inventory goal of 11, the Navy could accelerate purchases after 
        2018 to 1 every four years, rather than 1 every five years''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the plan of the Department of the Navy to schedule the 
        procurement of one aircraft carrier every five years will 
        reduce the overall aircraft carrier inventory to 10 aircraft 
        carriers, a level insufficient to meet peacetime and war plan 
        requirements; and
            (2) to accommodate the required aircraft carrier force 
        structure, the Department of the Navy should--
                    (A) begin to program construction for the Ford 
                class aircraft carrier designated CVN-81 in fiscal year 
                2022; and
                    (B) program the required advance procurement 
                activities to accommodate the construction of such 
                carrier.

SEC. 123. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF LHA REPLACEMENT SHIP DESIGNATED 
              LHA 8.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, for the 
design and construction of the LHA Replacement ship designated LHA 8 
using amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department of 
Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2017 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such fiscal year.

SEC. 124. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF REPLACEMENT DOCK LANDING SHIP 
              DESIGNATED LX(R) OR AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK DESIGNATED 
              LPD-29.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into a 
contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2017 program year, for the 
design and construction of the replacement dock landing ship designated 
LX(R) or the amphibious transport dock designated LPD-29 using amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2017 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such fiscal year.

SEC. 125. SHIP TO SHORE CONNECTOR PROGRAM.

    (a) Contract Authority.--Notwithstanding section 2306b of title 10, 
United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into a contract 
to procure up to 45 Ship to Shore Connector craft.
    (b) Liability.--Any contract entered into under subsection (a) 
shall provide that any obligation of the United States to make a 
payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose, and that the total liability to the 
Government for termination of any contract entered into shall be 
limited to the total amount of funding obligated at time of 
termination.

SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP 
              OR SUCCESSOR FRIGATE.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the Navy shall be 
used to select only a single contractor for the construction of the 
Littoral Combat Ship or any successor frigate class ship program until 
the Secretary of the Navy certifies to the congressional defense 
committees that such selection of a single contractor will be 
conducted--
            (1) using competitive procedures; and
            (2) for the limited purpose of awarding a contract for--
                    (A) an engineering change proposal for a frigate 
                class ship; or
                    (B) the construction of a frigate class ship.

SEC. 127. REPORT ON P-8 POSEIDON AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than October 1, 2017, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report regarding future capabilities for the P-8 Poseidon aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include, with 
respect to the P-8 Poseidon aircraft, the following:
            (1) A review of possible upgrades by the Navy to the 
        sensors onboard the aircraft, including intelligence, 
        surveillance, and reconnaissance sensors currently being 
        fielded on Air Force platforms.
            (2) An assessment of the ability of the Navy to use long-
        range multispectral imaging systems onboard the aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. ELIMINATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

    Section 231a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).

SEC. 132. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN RETIRED C-5 
              AIRCRAFT.

    Section 141 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1659) is amended by striking 
subsection (d).

SEC. 133. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN RETIRED F-117 
              AIRCRAFT.

    Section 136 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2114) is amended by striking 
subsection (b).

SEC. 134. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF A-10 
              AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--None of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2017 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status any A-10 aircraft.
    (b) Additional Limitation on Retirement.--In addition to the 
prohibition in subsection (a), the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup aircraft 
inventory status any A-10 aircraft until a period of 90 days has 
elapsed following the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report under subsection (e)(2).
    (c) Prohibition on Significant Reductions in Manning Levels.--None 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2017 for the Air Force may be obligated 
or expended to make significant reductions to manning levels with 
respect to any A-10 aircraft squadrons or divisions.
    (d) Minimum Inventory Requirement.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall ensure the Air Force maintains a minimum of 171 A-10 aircraft 
designated as primary mission aircraft inventory until a period of 90 
days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary submits to 
the congressional defense committees the report under subsection 
(e)(2).
    (e) Reports Required.--
            (1) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes--
                    (A) the results and findings of the initial 
                operational test and evaluation of the F-35 aircraft 
                program; and
                    (B) a comparison test and evaluation that examines 
                the capabilities of the F-35A and A-10C aircraft in 
                conducting close air support, combat search and rescue, 
                and forward air controller airborne missions.
            (2) Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        submission of the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
        the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the views of the Secretary with respect to the 
                results of the initial operational test and evaluation 
                of the F-35 aircraft program as summarized in the 
                report under paragraph (1), including any issues or 
                concerns of the Secretary with respect to such results;
                    (B) a plan for addressing any deficiencies and 
                carrying out any corrective actions identified in such 
                report; and
                    (C) short-term and long-term strategies for 
                preserving the capability of the Air Force to conduct 
                close air support, combat search and rescue, and 
                forward air controller airborne missions.
    (f) Special Rule.--
            (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of the Air 
        Force may carry out the transition of the A-10 unit at Fort 
        Wayne Air National Guard Base, Indiana, to an F-16 unit as 
        described by the Secretary in the Force Structure Actions map 
        submitted in support of the budget of the President for fiscal 
        year 2017 (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of 
        title 31, United States Code).
            (2) Subsections (a) through (e) shall apply with respect to 
        any A-10 aircraft affected by the transition described in 
        paragraph (1).

SEC. 135. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF JOINT 
              SURVEILLANCE TARGET ATTACK RADAR SYSTEM AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b) and in 
addition to the prohibition under section 144 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
758) none of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2018 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any Joint Surveillance Target 
Attack Radar System aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to individual Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft 
that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case 
basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
uneconomical to repair.

SEC. 136. REPORT ON COST OF B-21 AIRCRAFT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the cost of the B-21 aircraft. The report shall 
include an estimate of the total cost of research, production, and 
maintenance for the aircraft expressed in constant base-year dollars 
and in current dollars.

SEC. 137. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF U-2 
              AIRCRAFT.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Air Force may be obligated or expended 
to retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup aircraft 
inventory status any U-2 aircraft.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 141. TERMINATION OF QUARTERLY REPORTING ON USE OF COMBAT MISSION 
              REQUIREMENTS FUNDS.

    Section 123(a)(1) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4158; 10 U.S.C. 
167 note.) is amended by inserting ``ending on or before September 30, 
2018'' after ``each fiscal quarter''.

SEC. 142. FIRE SUPPRESSANT AND FUEL CONTAINMENT STANDARDS FOR CERTAIN 
              VEHICLES.

    (a) Guidance Required.--
            (1) The Secretary of the Army shall issue guidance 
        regarding fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for 
        covered vehicles of the Army.
            (2) The Secretary of the Navy shall issue guidance 
        regarding fire suppressant and fuel containment standards for 
        covered vehicles of the Marine Corps.
    (b) Elements.--The guidance regarding fire suppressant and fuel 
containment standards issued pursuant to subsection (a) shall--
            (1) meet the survivability requirements applicable to each 
        class of covered vehicles;
            (2) include standards for vehicle armor, vehicle fire 
        suppression systems, and fuel containment technologies in 
        covered vehicles; and
            (3) balance cost, survivability, and mobility.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary 
of the Navy shall each submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that includes--
            (1) the policy guidance established pursuant to subsection 
        (a), set forth separately for each class of covered vehicle; 
        and
            (2) any other information the Secretaries determine to be 
        appropriate.
    (d) Covered Vehicles.--In this section, the term ``covered 
vehicles'' means ground vehicles acquired on or after October 1, 2018, 
under a major defense acquisition program (as such term is defined in 
section 2430 of title 10, United States Code), including light tactical 
vehicles, medium tactical vehicles, heavy tactical vehicles, and ground 
combat vehicles.

SEC. 143. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MUNITIONS STRATEGY FOR THE 
              COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the munitions strategy for the combatant commands, including 
an identification of munitions requirements, an assessment of munitions 
gaps and shortfalls, and necessary munitions investments. Such strategy 
shall cover the 10-year period beginning with 2016.
    (b) Elements.--The report on munitions strategy required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) An identification of current and projected munitions 
        requirements, by class or type.
            (2) An assessment of munitions gaps and shortfalls, 
        including a census of current munitions capabilities and 
        programs, not including ammunition.
            (3) A description of current and planned munitions 
        programs, including with respect to procurement; research, 
        development, test, and evaluation; and deployment activities.
            (4) Schedules, estimated costs, and budget plans for 
        current and planned munitions programs.
            (5) Identification of opportunities and limitations within 
        the associated industrial base.
            (6) Identification and evaluation of technology needs and 
        applicable emerging technologies.
            (7) An assessment of how current and planned munitions 
        programs, and promising technologies, may affect existing 
        operational concepts and capabilities of the military 
        departments or lead to new operational concepts and 
        capabilities.
            (8) An assessment of programs and capabilities by other 
        countries to counter the munitions programs and capabilities of 
        the Armed Forces, not including with respect to ammunition, and 
        how such assessment affects the munitions strategy of each 
        military department.
            (9) An assessment of how munitions capability and capacity 
        may be affected by changes consistent with the Memorandum of 
        the Secretary of Defense dated June 19, 2008, regarding the 
        Department of Defense policy on cluster munitions and 
        unintended harm to civilians.
            (10) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) may be submitted in 
classified or unclassified form.

SEC. 144. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF F-35 LIGHTNING II AIRCRAFT 
              SUSTAINMENT SUPPORT.

    (a) Review.--Not later than September 30, 2017, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the sustainment support structure for the F-35 
Lightning II aircraft program.
    (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall include, with 
respect to the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program, the following:
            (1) The status of the sustainment support strategy for the 
        program, including goals for personnel training, required 
        infrastructure, and fleet readiness.
            (2) Approaches, including performance-based logistics, 
        considered in developing the sustainment support strategy for 
        the program.
            (3) Other information regarding sustainment and logistics 
        support for the program that the Comptroller General determines 
        to be of critical importance to the long-term viability of the 
        program.

SEC. 145. BRIEFING ON ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR GROUND MOBILITY VEHICLE.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Army, shall present to the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the acquisition strategy for the Ground 
Mobility Vehicle for use with the Global Response Force.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall include an 
assessment of--
            (1) whether the Ground Mobility Vehicle is a suitable 
        candidate for solutions that would utilize militarized 
        commercial off-the-shelf platforms leveraging existing global 
        automotive supply chains to satisfy requirements and reduce the 
        life-cycle cost of the program;
            (2) whether the acquisition strategy meets the focus areas 
        specified in the Better Buying Power initiative of the 
        Secretary of Defense; and
            (3) whether including an active safety system like 
        electronic stability control in the Ground Mobility Vehicle, as 
        such system is used on the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle, is 
        expected to reduce the risk of vehicle rollover.

SEC. 146. STANDARDIZATION OF 5.56MM RIFLE AMMUNITION.

    (a) Report.--If, on the date that is 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Army and the Marine Corps are each using 
different variants of 5.56mm rifle ammunition, the Secretary of Defense 
shall, on such date, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report explaining the reasons that the Army and the Marine Corps are 
using different variants of such ammunition.
    (b) Standardization Requirement.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that the Army and the Marine Corps are using the same variant of 
5.56mm rifle ammunition.
    (c) Exception.--Subsection (b) shall not apply in a case in which 
the Secretary of Defense--
            (1) determines that a state of emergency requires the Army 
        and the Marine Corps to use different variants of 5.56mm rifle 
        ammunition; and
            (2) certifies to the congressional defense committees that 
        such a determination has been made.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2017 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. LABORATORY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall 
carry out a Program to be known as the ``Laboratory Quality Enhancement 
Program'' under which the Secretary shall establish the panels 
described in subsection (b) and direct such panels--
            (1) to review and make recommendations to the Secretary 
        with respect to--
                    (A) existing policies and practices affecting the 
                science and technology reinvention laboratories to 
                improve the research output of such laboratories; and
                    (B) new initiatives proposed by the science and 
                technology reinvention laboratories;
            (2) to support implementation of current and future 
        initiatives affecting the science and technology reinvention 
        laboratories; and
            (3) to conduct assessments or data analysis on such other 
        issues as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
    (b) Panels.--The panels described in this subsection are:
            (1) A panel on personnel, workforce development, and talent 
        management.
            (2) A panel on facilities and infrastructure.
            (3) A panel on research strategy, technology transfer, and 
        industry partnerships.
            (4) A panel on oversight, administrative, and regulatory 
        processes.
    (c) Composition of Panels.--
            (1) Each panel described in subsection (b) shall be 
        composed of not less than 4 members.
            (2) Each panel described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of 
        subsection (b) shall be composed of subject matter and 
        technical management experts from--
                    (A) laboratories and research centers of the Army, 
                Navy and Air Force;
                    (B) appropriate Defense Agencies;
                    (C) the Office of the Assistant Secretary of 
                Defense for Research and Engineering; and
                    (D) such other entities of the Department of 
                Defense as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
            (3) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall be 
        composed of--
                    (A) the Director of the Army Research Laboratory;
                    (B) the Director of the Air Force Research 
                Laboratory;
                    (C) the Director of the Naval Research Laboratory; 
                and
                    (D) such other members as the Secretary determines 
                to be appropriate.
    (d) Governance of Panels.--
            (1) The chairperson of each panel shall be selected by its 
        members.
            (2) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall--
                    (A) oversee the activities of the panels described 
                in paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b);
                    (B) determine the subject matter to be considered 
                by the panels; and
                    (C) provide the recommendations of the panels to 
                the Secretary.
    (e) Personnel Demonstration Project Authority.--Section 342(b) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 
103-337; 108 Stat. 2721) (as amended by section 1114(a)(2)(C) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 
106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-315)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(4) In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        act through the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.''.
    (f) Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``science and technology reinvention laboratory'' 
means a science and technology reinvention laboratory designated under 
section 1105 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

SEC. 212. MECHANISMS TO PROVIDE FUNDS FOR DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR 
              RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY 
              MISSIONS.

    Section 219 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as most 
recently amended by section 262 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``not more than''; 
        and
            (2) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
    ``(d) Special Rule.--For purposes of this section, a federally 
funded research and development center shall be considered a defense 
laboratory if the center is sponsored by the Department of Defense.''.

SEC. 213. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN RAPID PROTOTYPING, 
              EXPERIMENTATION, AND DEMONSTRATION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Notice Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall not initiate 
a covered activity until a period of 10 business days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Secretary submits to the congressional 
defense committees the notice described in subsection (b) with respect 
to such activity.
    (b) Elements of Notice.--The notice described in this subsection is 
a written notice of the intention of the Secretary to initiate a 
covered activity. Each such notice shall include the following:
            (1) A description of the activity.
            (2) Estimated costs and funding sources for the activity, 
        including a description of any cost-sharing or in-kind support 
        arrangements with other participants.
            (3) A description of any transition agreement, including 
        the identity of any partner organization that may receive the 
        results of the covered activity under such an agreement.
            (4) Identification of major milestones and the anticipated 
        date of completion of the activity.
    (c) Covered Activity.--In this section, the term ``covered 
activity'' means a rapid prototyping, experimentation, or demonstration 
activity carried out under program element 0603382N.
    (d) Sunset.--The requirements of this section shall terminate 5 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 214. IMPROVED BIOSAFETY FOR HANDLING OF SELECT AGENTS AND TOXINS.

    (a) Quality Control and Quality Assurance Program.--The Secretary 
of Defense, acting through the executive agent for the biological 
select agent and toxin biosafety program of the Department of Defense, 
shall carry out a program to implement certain quality control and 
quality assurance measures at each covered facility.
    (b) Quality Control and Quality Assurance Measures.--Subject to 
subsection (c), the quality control and quality assurance measures 
implemented at each covered facility under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) Designation of an external manager to oversee quality 
        assurance and quality control.
            (2) Environmental sampling and inspection.
            (3) Production procedures that prohibit operations where 
        live biological select agents and toxins are used in the same 
        laboratory where viability testing is conducted.
            (4) Production procedures that prohibit work on multiple 
        organisms or multiple strains of one organism within the same 
        biosafety cabinet.
            (5) A video surveillance program that uses video monitoring 
        as a tool to improve laboratory practices in accordance with 
        regulatory requirements.
            (6) Formal, recurring data reviews of production in an 
        effort to identify data trends and nonconformance issues before 
        such issues affect end products.
            (7) Validated protocols for production processes to ensure 
        that process deviations are adequately vetted prior to 
        implementation.
            (8) Maintenance and calibration procedures and schedules 
        for all tools, equipment, and irradiators.
    (c) Waiver.--In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the 
Secretary may waive any of the quality control and quality assurance 
measures required under subsection (b) in the interest of national 
defense.
    (d) Study and Report Required.--
            (1) The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a study to 
        evaluate--
                    (A) the feasibility of consolidating covered 
                facilities within a unified command to minimize risk;
                    (B) opportunities to partner with industry for the 
                production of biological select agents and toxins and 
                related services in lieu of maintaining such 
                capabilities within the Department of the Army; and
                    (C) whether operations under the biological select 
                agent and toxin production program should be 
                transferred to another government or commercial 
                laboratory that may be better suited to execute 
                production for non-Department of Defense customers.
            (2) Not later than February 1, 2017, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        results of the study under paragraph (1).
    (e) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than September 1, 2017, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes the following:
            (1) A review of--
                    (A) the actions taken by the Department of Defense 
                to address the findings and recommendations of the 
                report of the Department of the Army titled 
                ``Individual and Institutional Accountability for the 
                Shipment of Viable Bacillus Anthracis from Dugway 
                Proving Grounds'', dated December 15, 2015, including 
                any actions taken to address the culture of complacency 
                in the biological select agent and toxin production 
                program identified in such report; and
                    (B) the progress of the Secretary in carrying out 
                the program under subsection (a).
            (2) An analysis of the study and report under subsection 
        (d).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered facility'' means any facility of the 
        Department of Defense that produces biological select agents 
        and toxins.
            (2) The term ``biological select agent and toxin'' means 
        any agent or toxin identified under--
                    (A) section 331.3 of title 7, Code of Federal 
                Regulations;
                    (B) section 121.3 or section 121.4 of title 9, Code 
                of Federal Regulations; or
                    (C) section 73.3 or section 73.4 of title 42, Code 
                of Federal Regulations.

SEC. 215. MODERNIZATION OF SECURITY CLEARANCE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 
              ARCHITECTURE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Director of National Intelligence and the Director of the Office of 
Personnel Management, shall develop and implement an information 
technology system (in this section referred to as the ``System'') to--
            (1) modernize and sustain the security clearance 
        information architecture of the National Background 
        Investigations Bureau and the Department of Defense;
            (2) support decision-making processes for the evaluation 
        and granting of personnel security clearances;
            (3) improve cyber security capabilities with respect to 
        sensitive security clearance data and processes;
            (4) reduce the complexity and cost of the security 
        clearance process;
            (5) provide information to managers on the financial and 
        administrative costs of the security clearance process;
            (6) strengthen the ties between counterintelligence and 
        personnel security communities; and
            (7) improve system standardization in the security 
        clearance process.
    (b) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Director of National Intelligence and the Director of the 
Office of Personnel Management, shall issue guidance establishing the 
respective roles, responsibilities, and obligations of the Secretary 
and Directors with respect to the development and implementation of the 
System.
    (c) Elements of System.--In developing the System under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) conduct a review of security clearance business 
        processes and, to the extent practicable, modify such processes 
        to maximize compatibility with the security clearance 
        information technology architecture to minimize the need for 
        customization of the System;
            (2) conduct business process mapping (as such term is 
        defined in section 2222(i) of title 10, United States Code) of 
        the business processes described in paragraph (1);
            (3) use spiral development and incremental acquisition 
        practices to rapidly deploy the System, including through the 
        use of prototyping and open architecture principles;
            (4) establish a process to identify and limit interfaces 
        with legacy systems and to limit customization of any 
        commercial information technology tools used;
            (5) establish automated processes for measuring the 
        performance goals of the System; and
            (6) incorporate capabilities for the continuous monitoring 
        of network security and the mitigation of insider threats to 
        the System.
    (d) Completion Date.--The Secretary shall complete the development 
and implementation of the System by not later than September 30, 2019.
    (e) Briefing.--Beginning on December 1, 2016, and on a quarterly 
basis thereafter until the completion date of the System under 
subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall provide a briefing to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives (and other appropriate congressional committees on 
request) on the progress of the Secretary in developing and 
implementing the System.
    (f) Review of Applicable Laws.--The Secretary shall review laws, 
regulations, and executive orders relating to the maintenance of 
personnel security clearance information by the Federal Government. Not 
later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives (and other appropriate 
congressional committees on request) a briefing that includes--
            (1) the results of the review; and
            (2) recommendations, if any, for consolidating and 
        clarifying laws, regulations, and executive orders relating to 
        the maintenance of personnel security clearance information by 
        the Federal Government.
    (g) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Committee 
        on Appropriations of the Senate; and
            (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
        Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and the Committee 
        on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 216. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR COUNTERING WEAPONS 
              OF MASS DESTRUCTION SYSTEM CONSTELLATION.

    (a) Prohibitions.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the 
countering weapons of mass destruction situational awareness 
information system commonly known as ``Constellation'' may be obligated 
or expended for research, development, or prototyping for such system.
    (b) Review.--The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
Defense, in consultation with the Director of the Defense Information 
Systems Agency, shall review the requirements and program plan for 
research, development, and prototyping for the Constellation system.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2017, the Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense, in consultation with 
the Director of the Defense Information Systems Agency, shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the review under 
subsection (b). Such report shall include the following, with respect 
to the Constellation system:
            (1) A review of the major software components of the system 
        and an explanation of the requirements of the Department of 
        Defense with respect to each such component.
            (2) Identification of elements and applications of the 
        system that cannot be implemented using the existing technical 
        infrastructure and tools of the Department of Defense or the 
        infrastructure and tools in development.
            (3) A description of major developmental milestones and 
        decision points for additional prototypes needed to establish 
        the full capabilities of the system, including a timeline and 
        detailed metrics and criteria for each such milestone and 
        decision point.
            (4) An overview of a security plan to achieve an accredited 
        cross-domain solution system, including security milestones and 
        proposed security architecture to mitigate both insider and 
        outsider threats.
            (5) Identification of the planned categories of end-users 
        of the system, linked to organizations, mission requirements, 
        and concept of operations, the expected total number of end-
        users, and the associated permissions granted to such users.
            (6) A cost estimate for the full life-cycle cost to 
        complete the Constellation system.

SEC. 217. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEFENSE INNOVATION 
              UNIT EXPERIMENTAL.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds specified in subsection (c), not more 
than 80 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the Defense Innovation 
Unit Experimental. Such report shall include the following:
            (1) The charter and mission statement of the Unit.
            (2) A description of--
                    (A) the governance structure of the Unit;
                    (B) the metrics used to measure the effectiveness 
                of the Unit;
                    (C) the process for coordinating and deconflicting 
                the activities of the Unit with similar activities of 
                the military departments, Defense Agencies, and other 
                departments and agencies of the Federal Government, 
                including activities carried out by In-Q-Tel, the 
                Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and 
                Department of Defense laboratories;
                    (D) the direct staffing requirements of the Unit, 
                including a description of the desired skills and 
                expertise of such staff;
                    (E) the number of civilian and military personnel 
                provided by the military departments and Defense 
                Agencies to support the Unit;
                    (F) any planned expansion to new sites, the metrics 
                used to identify such sites, and an explanation of how 
                such expansion will provide access to innovations of 
                nontraditional defense contractors (as such term is 
                defined in section 2302 of title 10, United States 
                Code) that are not otherwise accessible;
                    (G) how compliance with Department of Defense 
                requirements could affect the ability of such 
                nontraditional defense contractors to market products 
                and obtain funding; and
                    (H) how to treat intellectual property that has 
                been developed with little or no government funding.
            (3) Any other information the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.
    (c) Funds Specified.--The funds specified in this subsection are as 
follows:
            (1) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for operation and 
        maintenance, Defense-wide, for the Defense Innovation Unit 
        Experimental.
            (2) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for research, 
        development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, for the 
        Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.

SEC. 218. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR TACTICAL COMBAT 
              TRAINING SYSTEM INCREMENT II.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2017 for the Tactical Combat Training 
System Increment II of the Navy, not more than 80 percent may be 
obligated or expended until the Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary 
of the Air Force submit to the congressional defense committees the 
report required by section 235 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 780).

SEC. 219. RESTRUCTURING OF THE DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND SYSTEM OF THE 
              ARMY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the Secretary of the 
Army shall restructure versions of the distributed common ground system 
of the Army after Increment 1--
            (1) by discontinuing development of any component of the 
        system for which there is commercial software that is capable 
        of fulfilling at least 80 percent of the system requirements 
        applicable to such component; and
            (2) by conducting a review of the acquisition strategy of 
        the program to ensure that procurement of commercial software 
        is the preferred method of meeting program requirements.
    (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Army shall not award any 
contract for the development of any capability for the distributed 
common ground system of the Army if such a capability is available for 
purchase on the commercial market, except for minor capabilities that 
are incidental to and necessary for the proper functioning of a major 
component of the system.

SEC. 220. DESIGNATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SENIOR OFFICIAL WITH 
              PRINCIPAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPONS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) designate a senior official already serving within the 
        Department of Defense as the official with principal 
        responsibility for the development and demonstration of 
        directed energy weapons for the Department; and
            (2) set forth the responsibilities of that senior official 
        with respect to such programs.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 231. STRATEGY FOR ASSURED ACCESS TO TRUSTED MICROELECTRONICS.

    (a) Strategy.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a strategy to 
ensure that the Department of Defense has assured access to trusted 
microelectronics by not later than September 30, 2020.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) Definitions of the various levels of trust required by 
        classes of Department of Defense systems.
            (2) Means of classifying systems of the Department of 
        Defense based on the level of trust such systems are required 
        to maintain with respect to microelectronics.
            (3) Means by which trust in microelectronics can be 
        assured.
            (4) Means to increase the supplier base for assured 
        microelectronics to ensure multiple supply pathways.
            (5) An assessment of the microelectronics needs of the 
        Department of Defense in future years, including the need for 
        trusted, radiation-hardened microelectronics.
            (6) An assessment of the microelectronic needs of the 
        Department of Defense that may not be fulfilled by entities 
        outside the Department of Defense.
            (7) The resources required to assure access to trusted 
        microelectronics, including infrastructure and investments in 
        science and technology.
    (c) Submission.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the strategy developed under subsection (a). The 
strategy shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
classified annex.
    (d) Directive Required.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall issue a directive for the Department of 
Defense describing how Department of Defense entities may access 
assured and trusted microelectronics supply chains for Department of 
Defense systems.
    (e) Certification.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of the Defense shall certify to the congressional defense 
committees that--
            (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a) has been 
        implemented; and
            (2) the Department of Defense has an assured means for 
        accessing a sufficient supply of trusted microelectronics, as 
        required by the strategy developed under subsection (a).
    (f) Definition.--In this section, the terms ``trust'' and 
``trusted'' refer, with respect to microelectronics, to the ability of 
the Department of Defense to have confidence that the microelectronics 
function as intended and are free of exploitable vulnerabilities, 
either intentionally or unintentionally designed or inserted as part of 
the system at any time during its life cycle.

SEC. 232. PILOT PROGRAM ON EVALUATION OF COMMERCIAL INFORMATION 
              TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Director of the Defense Information Systems 
Agency shall carry out a pilot program to evaluate commercially 
available information technology tools to better understand the 
potential impact of such tools on networks and computing environments 
of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Activities.--Activities under the pilot program may include the 
following:
            (1) Prototyping, experimentation, operational 
        demonstration, military user assessments, and other means of 
        obtaining quantitative and qualitative feedback on the 
        commercial information technology products.
            (2) Engagement with the commercial information technology 
        industry to--
                    (A) forecast military requirements and technology 
                needs; and
                    (B) support the development of market strategies 
                and program requirements before finalizing acquisition 
                decisions and strategies.
            (3) Assessment of novel or innovative commercial technology 
        for use by the Department of Defense.
            (4) Assessment of novel or innovative contracting 
        mechanisms to speed delivery of capabilities to the Armed 
        Forces.
            (5) Solicitation of operational user input to shape future 
        information technology requirements of the Department of 
        Defense.
    (c) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
to be appropriated for research, development, test, and evaluation, 
Defense-wide, for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2022, not more than 
$15,000,000 may be expended on the pilot program in any such fiscal 
year.

SEC. 233. PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE LABORATORIES AND 
              TEST AND EVALUATION CENTERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretaries shall jointly carry out 
a pilot program to demonstrate methods for the more effective 
development of research, development, test, and evaluation functions.
    (b) Selection and Priority.--The Assistant Secretaries shall 
jointly select not more than one laboratory and one test and evaluation 
center from each of the military services to participate in the pilot 
program under subsection (a).
    (c) Participation in Program.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the director of 
        a laboratory or test and evaluation center selected under 
        subsection (b) shall propose and implement alternative and 
        innovative methods of rapid project delivery, support, 
        experimentation, prototyping, and partnership with universities 
        and private sector entities to--
                    (A) generate greater value and efficiencies in 
                research and development activities per dollar of cost; 
                and
                    (B) enable more rapid deployment of warfighter 
                capabilities.
            (2) Implementation.--The director shall implement each 
        method proposed under paragraph (1) unless such method is 
        disapproved by the Assistant Secretary concerned.
    (d) Waiver Authority for Demonstration and Implementation.--Until 
the termination of the pilot program under subsection (f), the director 
of a laboratory or test and evaluation center selected under subsection 
(b) may waive any restriction or departmental instruction that would 
affect the implementation of a method proposed under subsection (c), 
unless such implementation would be prohibited by Federal law.
    (e) Minimum Participation Requirement.--Each laboratory or test and 
evaluation center selected under subsection (b) shall participate in 
the pilot program under subsection (a) for a period of not fewer than 
six years beginning not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (f) Termination.--The pilot program under subsection (a) shall 
terminate on the date determined appropriate by the Secretary of 
Defense that is on or after the end of the six-year period described in 
subsection (e).
    (g) Assistant Secretary Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Assistant Secretary'' means--
            (1) the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
        Acquisition, with respect to a working capital fund institution 
        of the Air Force;
            (2) the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics, with respect to a working capital 
        fund institution of the Army; and
            (3) the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, 
        Development, and Acquisition, with respect to a working capital 
        fund institution of the Navy.

SEC. 234. PILOT PROGRAM ON MODERNIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM 
              WARFARE SYSTEMS AND ELECTRONIC WARFARE SYSTEMS.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
        pilot program on the modernization of electromagnetic spectrum 
        warfare systems and electronic warfare systems.
            (2) Selection.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
        program under paragraph (1), the Electronic Warfare Executive 
        Committee shall select from the list described in section 
        237(b)(4) a total of five electromagnetic spectrum warfare 
        systems and electronic warfare systems across at least two 
        military departments that are currently in sustainment for 
        modernization under the pilot program.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``electromagnetic spectrum warfare'' means 
        electronic warfare that encompasses military communications and 
        sensing operations that occur in the electromagnetic 
        operational domain.
            (2) The term ``electronic warfare'' means military action 
        involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to 
        control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy.

SEC. 235. INDEPENDENT REVIEW OF F/A-18 PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AND 
              CORRECTIVE ACTIONS.

    (a) Independent Review Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
conduct an independent review of the plans, programs, and research of 
the Department of the Navy with respect to--
            (1) physiological events affecting aircrew of the F/A-18 
        Hornet and the F/A-18 Super Hornet aircraft during the covered 
        period; and
            (2) the efforts of the Navy and Marine Corps to prevent and 
        mitigate the affects of such physiological events.
    (b) Conduct of Review.--In conducting the review under subsection 
(a), the Secretary of the Navy shall--
            (1) designate an appropriate senior official in the Office 
        of the Secretary of the Navy to oversee the review; and
            (2) consult experts from outside the Department of Defense 
        in appropriate technical and medical fields.
    (c) Review Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall include 
an evaluation of--
            (1) any data of the Department of the Navy relating to the 
        increased frequency of physiological events affecting aircrew 
        of the F/A-18 Hornet and the F/A-18 Super Hornet aircraft 
        during the covered period;
            (2) aircraft mishaps potentially related to such 
        physiological events;
            (3) the cost and effectiveness of all material, 
        operational, maintenance, and other measures carried out by the 
        Department of the Navy to mitigate such physiological events 
        during the covered period;
            (4) material, operational, maintenance, or other measures 
        that may reduce the rate of such physiological events in the 
        future; and
            (5) the performance of--
                    (A) the onboard oxygen generation system in the F/
                A-18 Super Hornet;
                    (B) the overall environmental control system in the 
                F/A-18 Hornet and F/A-18 Super Hornet; and
                    (C) other relevant subsystems of the F/A-18 Hornet 
                and F/A-18 Super Hornet, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
    (d) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2017, the 
Secretary of Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report that includes the results of the review under subsection (a).
    (e) Covered Period.--In this section, the term ``covered period'' 
means the period beginning on January 1, 2009, and ending on the date 
of the submission of the report under subsection (d).

SEC. 236. STUDY ON HELICOPTER CRASH PREVENTION AND MITIGATION 
              TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
into a contract with a federally funded research and development center 
to conduct a study on technologies with the potential to prevent and 
mitigate helicopter crashes.
    (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) Identification of technologies with the potential--
                    (A) to prevent helicopter crashes (such as 
                collision avoidance technologies and battle space and 
                terrain situational awareness technologies); and
                    (B) to improve survivability among individuals 
                involved in such crashes (such as adaptive flight 
                control technologies and improved energy absorbing 
                technologies).
            (2) A cost-benefit analysis of each technology identified 
        under paragraph (1) that takes into account the cost of 
        developing and deploying the technology compared to the 
        potential of the technology to prevent casualties or injuries.
            (3) A list that ranks the technologies identified under 
        paragraph (1) based on--
                    (A) the results of the cost-benefit analysis under 
                paragraph (2); and
                    (B) the readiness level of each technology.
            (4) An analysis of helicopter crashes that--
                    (A) compares the casualty rates of cockpit 
                occupants to the casualty rates of occupants of cargo 
                compartments and troop seats; and
                    (B) identifies the root causes of the casualties 
                described in subparagraph (A).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives (and other 
congressional defense committees on request) a briefing that includes--
            (1) the results of the study required under subsection (a); 
        and
            (2) the list described in subsection (b)(3).

SEC. 237. REPORT ON ELECTRONIC WARFARE CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2017, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, acting 
through the Electronic Warfare Executive Committee, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the electronic warfare 
capabilities of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A strategy for advancing and accelerating research, 
        development, test, and evaluation, and fielding, of electronic 
        warfare capabilities to meet current and projected 
        requirements, including recommendations for streamlining 
        acquisition processes with respect to such capabilities.
            (2) A methodology for synchronizing and overseeing 
        electronic warfare strategies, operational concepts, and 
        programs across the Department of Defense, including electronic 
        warfare programs that support or enable cyber operations.
            (3) The training and operational support required for 
        fielding and sustaining current and planned investments in 
        electronic warfare capabilities.
            (4) A comprehensive list of investments of the Department 
        of Defense in electronic warfare capabilities, including the 
        capabilities to be developed, procured, or sustained in--
                    (A) the budget of the President for fiscal year 
                2018 submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of 
                title 31, United States Code; and
                    (B) the future-years defense program submitted to 
                Congress under section 221 of title 10, United States 
                Code, for that fiscal year.
            (5) Progress on increasing innovative electromagnetic 
        spectrum warfighting methods and operational concepts that 
        provide advantages within the electromagnetic spectrum 
        operational domain.
            (6) Specific attributes needed in future electronic warfare 
        capabilities, such as networking, adaptability, agility, 
        multifunctionality, and miniaturization, and progress toward 
        incorporating such attributes in new electronic warfare 
        systems.
            (7) Capability gaps with respect to asymmetric and near-
        peer adversaries identified pursuant to a capability gap 
        assessment.
            (8) A joint strategy on achieving near real-time system 
        adaption to rapidly advancing modern digital electronics.
            (9) Any other information the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2017 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

SEC. 302. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR CIVIL MILITARY PROGRAMS.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Civil Military 
Programs is hereby increased by $15,000,000 (to be used in support of 
the National Guard Youth Challenge Program).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, as specified in the 
corresponding funding table in section 4301, for Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-wide is hereby reduced by $15,000,000.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING ALTERNATIVE FUEL PROCUREMENT 
              REQUIREMENT.

    Section 526 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 
(Public Law 110-140; 42 U.S.C. 17142) is amended by adding at the end 
the following: ``This provision shall not be construed as a constraint 
on any conventional or unconventional fuel procurement necessary for 
military operations, including for test and certification purposes.''.

SEC. 312. PRODUCTION AND USE OF NATURAL GAS AT FORT KNOX.

    (a) Production and Use of Natural Gas at Fort Knox.--Chapter 449 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 4781. Natural gas: production, treatment, management, and use at 
              Fort Knox, Kentucky
    ``(a) Authority.--(1) The Secretary of the Army may provide for the 
production, treatment, management, and use of natural gas located under 
Fort Knox, Kentucky, without regard to section 3 of the Mineral Leasing 
Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 352).
    ``(2) The Secretary is authorized to enter into a contract with an 
appropriate entity to carry out paragraph (1).
    ``(b) Limitation on Uses.--Any natural gas produced under 
subsection (a) may be used only to support activities and operations at 
Fort Knox and may not be sold for use elsewhere.
    ``(c) Ownership of Facilities.--The Secretary of the Army may take 
ownership of any gas production and treatment equipment and facilities 
and associated infrastructure from an entity with which the Secretary 
has entered into a contract under subsection (a) in accordance with the 
terms of the contract.
    ``(d) Applicability.--The authority of the Secretary of the Army 
under this section is effective as of August 2, 2007.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``4781. Natural gas: production, treatment, management, and use at Fort 
                            Knox, Kentucky.''.

SEC. 313. ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR MUNITIONS DISPOSAL.

    In carrying out the disposal of munitions in the stockpile of 
conventional ammunition awaiting demilitarization and disposal 
(commonly referred to as munitions in the ``B5A account'') the 
Secretary of the Army shall consider using cost-competitive 
technologies that minimize waste generation and air emissions as 
alternatives to disposal by open burning, open detonation, direct 
contact combustion, and incineration.

SEC. 314. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the Sense of Congress that the Department of Defense should 
work with State and local health officials to prevent human exposure to 
perfluorinated chemicals.

SEC. 315. PROHIBITION ON CARRYING OUT CERTAIN AUTHORITIES RELATING TO 
              CLIMATE CHANGE.

    (a) In General.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to carry out the 
provisions described in subsection (b).
    (b) Provisions.--The provisions described in this subsection are 
the following:
            (1) Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6(b)(iii), and 6(c) of Executive 
        Order 13653 (78 Fed. Reg. 66817, relating to preparing the 
        United States for the impacts of climate change).
            (2) Sections 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15(b) 
        of Executive Order 13693 (80 Fed. Reg. 15869, relating to 
        planning for Federal sustainability in the next decade).

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 321. PILOT PROGRAM FOR INCLUSION OF CERTAIN INDUSTRIAL PLANTS IN 
              THE ARMAMENT RETOOLING AND MANUFACTURING SUPPORT 
              INITIATIVE.

    During the five-year period beginning on the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall treat a Government-owned, 
contractor-operated industrial plant of the Department of the Army as 
an eligible facility under section 4551(2) of title 10, United States 
Code.

SEC. 322. PRIVATE SECTOR PORT LOADING ASSESSMENT.

    (a) Assessments Required.--During the period beginning on the date 
of the enactment of this Act and ending on the date of the final 
briefing under subsection (d), the Secretary of the Navy shall conduct 
quarterly assessments of Naval ship maintenance and loading activities 
carried out by private sector entities at each covered port.
    (b) Elements of Assessments.--Each assessment under subsection (a) 
shall include, with respect to each covered port, the following:
            (1) Resources per day, including daily ship availabilities 
        and the workforce available to carry out maintenance and 
        loading activities, for the fiscal year preceding the quarter 
        covered by the assessment through the end of such quarter.
            (2) Projected resources per day, including daily ship 
        availabilities and the workforce available to carry out 
        maintenance and loading activities, through the end of the 
        second fiscal year beginning after the quarter covered by the 
        assessment.
            (3) A description of the methods by which the Secretary 
        communicates projected workloads to private sector entities 
        engaged in ship maintenance activities and ship loading 
        activities.
            (4) A description of any processes that have been 
        implemented to allow for timely feedback from private sector 
        entities engaged in ship maintenance activities and ship 
        loading activities.
    (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the Sense of Congress that the 
Secretary should implement measures to minimize workload fluctuations 
at covered ports to stabilize the private sector workforce and reduce 
the cost of maintenance availabilities.
    (d) Briefings Required.--Not later than October 1, 2016, and on a 
quarterly basis thereafter until September 30, 2021, the Secretary 
shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives (and other congressional defense committees on 
request)--
            (1) a briefing on the results of the assessments conducted 
        under subsection (a); and
            (2) a chart depicting the information described in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) with respect to each 
        covered port.
    (e) Covered Ports.--In this section, the term ``covered ports'' 
means port facilities used by the Department of Defense in each of the 
following locations:
            (1) Mayport, Florida.
            (2) Norfolk, Virginia.
            (3) Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
            (4) Puget Sound, Washington.
            (5) San Diego, California.

SEC. 323. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEFENSE CONTRACT 
              MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for the operation 
of the Defense Contract Management Agency, not more than 90 percent may 
be obligated or expended in fiscal year 2017 until the Director of the 
agency provides to the congressional defense committees the briefing 
under subsection (b).
    (b) Briefing.--The Director of the Defense Contract Management 
Agency shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives (and other congressional defense 
committees on request) a briefing that includes the following:
            (1) A plan describing how the agency will foster the 
        adoption, implementation, and verification of item-unique 
        identification standards for tangible personal property across 
        the Department of Defense and the defense industrial base (as 
        prescribed under Department of Defense Instruction 8320.04).
            (2) A description of the policies, procedures, staff 
        training, and equipment needed to--
                    (A) ensure contract compliance with item-unique 
                identification standards for all items that require 
                unique item-level traceability at any time in their 
                life cycle;
                    (B) support counterfeit material risk reduction; 
                and
                    (C) provide for the systematic assessment and 
                accuracy of item-unique identification marks.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 331. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENERGY 
              MANAGEMENT REPORTS.

    (a) Modification of Annual Report Related to Installations Energy 
Management.--Subsection (a) of section 2925 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Annual Report Related to Installations Energy Management.--
Not later than 120 days after the end of each fiscal year ending before 
January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an installation energy report 
detailing the fulfillment during that fiscal year of the energy 
performance goals for the Department of Defense under section 2911 of 
this title. Each report shall contain the following:
            ``(1) The energy performance goals for the Department of 
        Defense with respect to transportation systems, support 
        systems, utilities, and infrastructure and facilities for the 
        fiscal year covered by the report and the next 5, 10, and 20 
        fiscal years, including any changes to such energy performance 
        goals since the submission of the previous report under this 
        section.
            ``(2) A master plan for the achievement of the energy 
        performance goals of the Department of Defense, as such goals 
        are set forth in any laws, regulations, executive orders, or 
        Department of Defense policies, including--
                    ``(A) a separate plan for each military department 
                and Defense Agency;
                    ``(B) a standard for the measurement of energy 
                consumed by transportation systems, support systems, 
                utilities, and facilities and infrastructure, applied 
                consistently across the military departments;
                    ``(C) a methodology for measuring reductions in 
                energy consumption that accounts for changes--
                            ``(i) in the sizes of fleets; and
                            ``(ii) in the number and overall square 
                        footage of facility plants;
                    ``(D) standards to track annual progress in meeting 
                energy performance goals;
                    ``(E) a description of any requirements and 
                proposed investments relating to energy performance 
                goals included in the materials submitted in support of 
                the budget of the President (as submitted to Congress 
                under section 1105(a) of title 31) for the fiscal year 
                covered by the report; and
                    ``(F) a description of any energy savings resulting 
                from the implementation of the master plan or any other 
                energy performance measures.
            ``(3) A table listing all energy projects financed through 
        third party financing mechanisms (including energy savings 
        performance contracts, enhanced use leases, utility energy 
        service contracts, utility privatization agreements, and other 
        contractual mechanisms), including--
                    ``(A) the duration of each such mechanism, an 
                estimate of the financial obligation incurred through 
                the duration of each such mechanism, whether the 
                project incorporates energy security into its design, 
                and the estimated payback period for each such 
                mechanism; and
                    ``(B) any renewable energy certificates relating to 
                the project, including the purchasing authority for the 
                certificates, the price of the certificates, and 
                whether the certificates were bundled or unbundled.
            ``(4) A description of the types and quantities of energy 
        consumed by the Department of Defense and by members of the 
        armed forces and civilian personnel residing or working on 
        military installations during the fiscal year covered by the 
        report, including a breakdown of energy consumption by--
                    ``(A) user group;
                    ``(B) the type of energy consumed, including the 
                quantities of any renewable energy consumed that was 
                produced or procured by the Department of Defense; and
                    ``(C) the cost of the energy consumed.
            ``(5) A description of the types and amount of financial 
        incentives received under section 2913 of this title during the 
        preceding fiscal year and the appropriation account or accounts 
        to which the incentives were credited.
            ``(6) A description and estimate of the progress made by 
        the military departments in meeting the certification 
        requirements for sustainable green-building standards in 
        construction and major renovations as required by section 433 
        of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (Public Law 
        110-140; 121 Stat. 1612).
            ``(7) Details of utility outages at military installations, 
        including the total number and locations of outages, the 
        financial impact of the outages, and measures taken to mitigate 
        outages in the future at the affected locations and across the 
        Department of Defense.
            ``(8) A description of any other issues and strategies the 
        Secretary determines relevant to a comprehensive and renewable 
        energy policy.''.
    (b) Modification of Annual Report Related to Operational Energy.--
Subsection (b) of section 2925 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``138c of this title'' 
        and inserting ``2926(b) of this title''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following 
        new subparagraph:
            ``(H) The comments and recommendations of the Assistant 
        Secretary under section 2926(c) of this title, including the 
        certification required under paragraph (3) of such section.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply with 
respect to reports required to be submitted under section 2925 of title 
10, United States Code, after such date.

SEC. 332. REPORT ON EQUIPMENT PURCHASED FROM FOREIGN ENTITIES AND 
              AUTHORITY TO ADJUST ARMY ARSENAL LABOR RATES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
which the budget of the President for fiscal year 2018 is submitted to 
Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, Unites States Code, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the equipment, weapons, weapons systems, 
components, subcomponents, and end-items purchased from foreign 
entities that identifies those items which could be manufactured in the 
military arsenals of the United States or the military depots of the 
United States to meet the goals of this section or section 2464 of 
title 10, United States Code, as well as a plan for moving that 
workload into such arsenals or depots.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include each 
of the following:
            (1) A list of items identified in the report required under 
        section 333 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 792) and a list 
        of any items purchased from foreign manufacturers after the 
        date of the submission of such report that are--
                    (A) described in section 8302(a)(1) of title 41, 
                United States Code, and purchased from a foreign 
                manufacturer by reason of an exception under section 
                8302(a)(2)(A) or section 8302(a)(2)(B) of such title;
                    (B) described in section 2533b(a)(1) of title 10, 
                United States Code, and purchased from a foreign 
                manufacturer by reason of an exception under section 
                2533b(b); and
                    (C) described in section 2534(a) of such title and 
                purchased from a foreign manufacturer by reason of a 
                waiver exercised under paragraph (1), (2), (4), or (5) 
                of section 2534(d) of such title.
            (2) An assessment of the skills required to manufacture the 
        items described in paragraph (1) and a comparison of those 
        skills with skills required to meet the critical capabilities 
        identified in the report of the Army to Congress on Critical 
        Manufacturing Capabilities and Capacities, dated August 2013, 
        and the core logistics capabilities identified by each military 
        service pursuant to section 2464 of title 10, United States 
        Code, as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (3) An identification of the tooling, equipment, and 
        facilities upgrades necessary for a military arsenal or depot 
        to manufacture items described in paragraph (1).
            (4) An identification of items described in paragraph (1) 
        most appropriate for transfer to military arsenals or depots to 
        meet the goals of this section or the requirements of section 
        2464 of title 10, United States Code.
            (5) An explanation of the rationale for continuing to sole-
        source the manufacturing of items described in paragraph (1) 
        from a foreign source rather than a military arsenal, depot, or 
        other organic facility.
            (6) Such other information the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.
    (c) Authority to Adjust Labor Rates to Reflect Work Production.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall establish a two-year pilot program 
        for the purpose of permitting the Army arsenals to adjust 
        periodically, throughout the year, their labor rates charged to 
        customers based upon changes in workload and other factors.
            (2) Briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing that 
        assesses--
                    (A) each Army arsenal's changes in labor rates 
                throughout the previous year;
                    (B) the ability of each arsenal to meet the costs 
                of their working-capital funds; and
                    (C) the effect on arsenal workloads of labor rate 
                changes.

SEC. 333. REPORT ON AVERAGE TRAVEL COSTS OF MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
              COMPONENTS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
travel expenses of members of reserve components associated with 
performing active duty service, active service, full-time National 
Guard duty, active Guard and Reserve duty, and inactive-duty training, 
as such terms are defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United States 
Code. Such report shall include the average annual cost for all travel 
expenses for a member of a reserve component.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 341. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL CORPS.

    Section 3063 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (12), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (13) as paragraph (14); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (12) the following new 
        paragraph (13):
            ``(13) Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps; and''.

SEC. 342. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 136 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2283. Explosive ordnance disposal program
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program to be known as the `Explosive Ordnance Disposal Program' (in 
this section referred to as the `Program') under which the Secretary 
shall ensure close and continuous coordination between the military 
departments on matters relating to explosive ordnance disposal.
    ``(b) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--In carrying out 
the Program under subsection (a)--
            ``(1) the Secretary of Defense shall--
                    ``(A) assign responsibility for the coordination 
                and integration of explosive ordnance disposal to a 
                single office or entity in the Office of the Secretary 
                of Defense;
                    ``(B) designate the Secretary of the Navy, or a 
                designee of the Secretary's choice, as the executive 
                agent for the Department of Defense to coordinate and 
                integrate research, development, test, and evaluation 
                activities and procurement activities of the military 
                departments with respect to explosive ordnance 
                disposal; and
                    ``(C) exercise oversight over explosive ordnance 
                disposal through the Defense Acquisition Board process; 
                and
            ``(2) the Secretary of each military department shall 
        assess the needs of the military department concerned with 
        respect to explosive ordnance disposal and may carry out 
        research, development, test, and evaluation activities and 
        procurement activities to address such needs.
    ``(c) Annual Budget Justification Documents.-- (1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress, as a part of the defense budget 
materials for each fiscal year after fiscal year 2017, a consolidated 
budget justification display, in classified and unclassified form, that 
covers all activities of Department of Defense relating to the Program.
    ``(2) The budget display under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year 
shall include a single program element for each of the following:
            ``(A) Research, development, test, and evaluation.
            ``(B) Procurement.
            ``(C) Military construction.
    ``(d) Management Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Office of the Secretary of Defense assigned responsibility 
for the coordination and integration of explosive ordnance disposal 
under subsection (b)(1)(A), shall conduct a review of the management 
structure of the Program, including--
            ``(A) research, development, test, and evaluation;
            ``(B) procurement;
            ``(C) doctrine development;
            ``(D) policy;
            ``(E) training;
            ``(F) development of requirements;
            ``(G) readiness; and
            ``(H) risk assessment.
    ``(2) Not later than May 1, 2018, the Secretary shall provide to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a briefing that includes--
            ``(A) the results of the review described in paragraph (1); 
        and
            ``(B) a description of any measures undertaken to improve 
        joint coordination and oversight of the Program and ensure a 
        coherent and effective approach to its management.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `explosive ordnance' means any munition 
        containing explosives, nuclear fission or fusion materials, or 
        biological or chemical agents, including--
                            ``(A) bombs and warheads;
                            ``(B) guided and ballistic missiles;
                            ``(C) artillery, mortar, rocket, and small 
                        arms munitions;
                            ``(D) mines, torpedoes, and depth charges;
                            ``(E) demolition charges;
                            ``(F) pyrotechnics;
                            ``(G) clusters and dispensers;
                            ``(H) cartridge and propellant actuated 
                        devices;
                            ``(I) electro-explosive devices; and
                            ``(J) clandestine and improvised explosive 
                        devices.
            ``(2) The term `disposal' means, with respect to explosive 
        ordnance, the detection, identification, field evaluation, 
        defeat, disablement, or rendering safe, recovery and 
        exploitation, and final disposition of the ordnance.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2283. Explosive ordnance disposal program.''.

SEC. 343. EXPANSION OF DEFINITION OF STRUCTURES INTERFERING WITH AIR 
              COMMERCE AND NATIONAL DEFENSE.

    (a) Notice.--Section 44718(a) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) the interests of national security, as determined by 
        the Secretary of Defense.''.
    (b) Studies.--Section 44718(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Studies.--
            ``(1) In general.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
        Secretary, if the Secretary decides that constructing or 
        altering a structure may result in an obstruction of the 
        navigable airspace, an interference with air navigation 
        facilities and equipment or the navigable airspace, or, after 
        consultation with the Secretary of Defense, an unacceptable 
        risk to the national security of the United States, the 
        Secretary shall conduct an aeronautical study to decide the 
        extent of such impacts on the safe and efficient use of the 
        airspace, facilities, or equipment. In conducting the study, 
        the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) consider factors relevant to the efficient 
                and effective use of the navigable airspace, 
                including--
                            ``(i) the impact on arrival, departure, and 
                        en route procedures for aircraft operating 
                        under visual flight rules;
                            ``(ii) the impact on arrival, departure, 
                        and en route procedures for aircraft operating 
                        under instrument flight rules;
                            ``(iii) the impact on existing public-use 
                        airports and aeronautical facilities;
                            ``(iv) the impact on planned public-use 
                        airports and aeronautical facilities;
                            ``(v) the cumulative impact resulting from 
                        the proposed construction or alteration of a 
                        structure when combined with the impact of 
                        other existing or proposed structures; and
                            ``(vi) other factors relevant to the 
                        efficient and effective use of navigable 
                        airspace; and
                    ``(B) include the finding made by the Secretary of 
                Defense under subsection (f).
            ``(2) Report.--On completing the study, the Secretary shall 
        issue a report disclosing the extent of the--
                    ``(A) adverse impact on the safe and efficient use 
                of the navigable airspace that the Secretary finds will 
                result from constructing or altering the structure; and
                    ``(B) unacceptable risk to the national security of 
                the United States, as determined by the Secretary of 
                Defense under subsection (f).''.
    (c) National Security Finding; Definition.--Section 44718 of title 
49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) National Security Finding.--As part of an aeronautical study 
conducted under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) make a finding on whether the construction, 
        alteration, establishment, or expansion of a structure or 
        sanitary landfill included in the study would result in an 
        unacceptable risk to the national security of the United 
        States; and
            ``(2) transmit the finding to the Secretary of 
        Transportation for inclusion in the report required under 
        subsection (b)(2).
    ``(g) Unacceptable Risk to National Security of United States 
Defined.--In this section, the term `unacceptable risk to the national 
security of the United States' has the meaning given the term in 
section 211.3 of title 32, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on 
January 6, 2014.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--Section 44718 of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended in the section heading by inserting 
        ``or national security'' after ``air commerce''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 447 of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 44718 and 
        inserting the following:

``44718. Structures interfering with air commerce or national 
                            security.''.

SEC. 344. DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR FEMALE 
              MARINES AND SOLDIERS.

    The Secretary of the Navy and the Commandant of the Marine Corps 
shall work in coordination with the Secretary of the Army to develop, 
not later than April 1, 2017, a joint acquisition strategy to provide 
more effective personal protective equipment and organizational 
clothing and equipment to meet the specific and unique requirements for 
female Marines and soldiers.

SEC. 345. STUDY ON SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL SYSTEM OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) Study Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
into a contract with a federally funded research and development center 
to conduct an independent study on the space-available travel system of 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after entering into a 
contract with a federally funded research and development center under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report summarizing the results of the study conducted 
under such subsection.
    (c) Elements.--The report under subsection (b) shall include, with 
respect to the space-available travel system, the following:
            (1) A determination of--
                    (A) the capacity of the system as of the date of 
                the enactment of this Act;
                    (B) the projected capacity of the system for the 
                10-year period following such date of enactment; and
                    (C) the projected number of reserve retirees, 
                active duty retirees, and dependents of such retirees 
                that will exist by the end of such 10-year period.
            (2) Estimates of system capacity based the projections 
        described in paragraph (1).
            (3) A discussion of the efficiency of the system and data 
        regarding the use of available space with respect to each 
        category of passengers eligible for space-available travel 
        under existing regulations.
            (4) A description of the effect on system capacity if 
        eligibility for space-available travel is extended to--
                    (A) drilling reserve component personnel and 
                dependents of such personnel on international flights;
                    (B) dependents of reserve component retirees who 
                are less than 60 years of age;
                    (C) retirees who are less than 60 years of age on 
                international flights; and
                    (D) drilling reserve component personnel traveling 
                to drilling locations.
            (5) A discussion of logistical and management problems, 
        including congestion at terminals, waiting times, lodging 
        availability, and personal hardships experienced by travelers.
            (6) An evaluation of the cost of the system and whether 
        space-available travel is and can remain cost-neutral.
            (7) An evaluation of the feasibility of expanding the 
        categories of passengers eligible for space-available travel to 
        include--
                    (A) in the case of overseas travel, retired members 
                of an active or reserve component, including retired 
                members of reserve components, who, but for being under 
                the eligibility age applicable to the member under 
                section 12731 of title 10, United States Code, would be 
                eligible for retired pay under chapter 1223 of such 
                title; and
                    (B) unremarried widows and widowers of active or 
                reserve component members of the Armed Forces.
            (8) Such other factors relating to the efficiency and cost 
        of the system as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
    (d) Additional Responsibilities.--In addition to carrying out 
subsections (a) through (c), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) analyze the methods used to prioritize among the 
        categories of individuals eligible for space-available travel 
        and make recommendations for--
                    (A) re-ordering the priority of such categories; 
                and
                    (B) adding additional categories of eligible 
                individuals; and
            (2) collect data on travelers who request but do not obtain 
        available travel spaces under the space-available travel 
        system.

SEC. 346. SUPPLY OF SPECIALTY MOTORS FROM CERTAIN MANUFACTURERS.

    To ensure that an adequate, competitive supply of custom designed 
motors is available to the Department of Defense, particularly to meet 
its replacement motor requirements for older equipment, and to protect 
small businesses that supply such motors to the Department of Defense, 
the requirements of section 431.25 of title 10, Code of Federal 
Regulations, shall not be enforced against manufacturers of specialty 
motors, whether characterized by the Department as special purpose or 
definite purpose motors, provided that such manufacturers qualify as 
small businesses and provided further that such manufacturers do not 
also manufacture general purpose motors and provided further that such 
manufacturers were in the business of manufacturing such motors on June 
1, 2016.

SEC. 347. LIMITATION ON USE OF CERTAIN FUNDS UNTIL ESTABLISHMENT AND 
              IMPLEMENTATION OF REQUIRED PROCESS BY WHICH MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES MAY CARRY APPROPRIATE FIREARMS ON 
              MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-Wide, for the Office of the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Policy, for fiscal year 2017, not more than 85 percent of 
such amounts may be obligated or expended until the Secretary of 
Defense establishes and implements the process by which members of the 
Armed Forces may carry an appropriate firearm on a military 
installation, as required by section 526 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
813; 10 U.S.C. 2672 note).

SEC. 348. MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PERFORMANCE AND SAFETY TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of Defense, acting through the commander of the United States 
Transportation Command, should reassess the guidelines for the 
evaluation of motor carrier safety performance under the Transportation 
Protective Services program taking into consideration the Government 
Accountability Office report numbered GAO-16-82 and titled ``Defense 
Transportation; DoD Needs to Improve the Evaluation of Safety and 
Performance Information for Carriers Transporting Security-Sensitive 
Materials''.
    (b) Evaluation of Safety Technology.--To avoid catastrophic 
accidents and exposure of material, the Secretary shall evaluate the 
need for proven safety technology in vehicles transporting 
Transportation Protective Services shipments, such as electronic 
logging devices, roll stability control, forward collision avoidance, 
lane departure warning systems, and speed limiters.

SEC. 349. BRIEFING ON WELL-DRILLING CAPABILITIES OF ACTIVE DUTY AND 
              RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives (and other congressional defense committees on request) 
a briefing on the well-drilling capabilities of the active and reserve 
components.
    (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall include a 
description of--
            (1) the training requirements of active and reserve units 
        with well-drilling capabilities;
            (2) the locations at which such units conduct training 
        relating to well-drilling; and
            (3) the cost and feasibility of rotating the training 
        locations of such units to areas in the United States that are 
        affected by drought conditions.

SEC. 350. ACCESS TO WIRELESS HIGH-SPEED INTERNET AND NETWORK 
              CONNECTIONS FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
              DEPLOYED OVERSEAS.

    Consistent with section 2492a of title 10, United States Code, the 
Secretary of Defense is encouraged to enter into contracts with third-
party vendors in order to provide members of the Armed Forces who are 
deployed overseas at any United States military facility, at which 
wireless high-speed Internet and network connections are otherwise 
available, with access to such Internet and network connections without 
charge.

SEC. 351. SYSTEM FOR COMMUNICATING AVAILABILITY OF SURPLUS AMMUNITION.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement a formal process to 
provide Government agencies outside the Department of Defense with 
information on the availability of surplus, serviceable ammunition for 
the purpose of reducing the overall storage and disposal costs related 
to such ammunition.

SEC. 352. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR NATIONAL GUARD COUNTER-DRUG PROGRAMS.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated in 
section 1404 for drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, as 
specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4501, for drug 
interdiction and counter-drug activities, Defense-wide is hereby 
increased by $30,000,000 (to be used in support of the National Guard 
counter-drug programs).
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D--
            (1) the amount authorized to be appropriated for in section 
        101 for procurement, as specified in the corresponding funding 
        table in section 4101, for Aircraft Procurement, Navy, for 
        Common Ground Equipment (Line 064), is hereby reduced by 
        $20,000,000; and
            (2) the amount authorized to be appropriated in section 201 
        for research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified 
        in the corresponding funding table in section 4201, for 
        advanced component development and prototypes, Advanced 
        Innovative Technologies (Line 095) is hereby reduced by 
        $10,000,000.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2017, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 480,000.
            (2) The Navy, 324,615.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 185,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 321,000.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
              LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 324,615.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 185,000.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 321,000.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2017, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 350,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 205,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 105,700.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,000.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve for any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2017, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,155.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 9,955.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 14,764.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 2,955.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2017 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        25,507.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 7,570.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        22,103.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 10,061.

SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2017 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
              TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Limitations.--
            (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided in 
        section 10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, the number 
        of non-dual status technicians employed by the National Guard 
        as of September 30, 2017, may not exceed the following:
                    (A) For the Army National Guard of the United 
                States, 1,600.
                    (B) For the Air National Guard of the United 
                States, 350.
            (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 
        2017, may not exceed 420.
            (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 
        30, 2017, may not exceed 90.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2017, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

SEC. 416. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FULL-TIME SUPPORT FOR THE ARMY NATIONAL 
              GUARD.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) an adequately supported, full-time support force 
        consisting of active and reserve personnel and military 
        technicians for the Army National Guard is essential to 
        maintaining the readiness of the Army National Guard;
            (2) the full-time support force for the Army National Guard 
        is the primary mechanism through which the programs of the Army 
        and the Department of Defense are delivered to all 350,000 
        soldiers of the Army National Guard;
            (3) reductions in active and reserve personnel and military 
        technicians since 2014, totaling 2401, have adversely impacted 
        the readiness of the Army National Guard;
            (4) the growth in the full-time support force for the Army 
        National Guard since 2014 is due solely to validated 
        requirements originating before September 11, 2001, and not 
        war-time growth;
            (5) funding for the full-time support force for the Army 
        National Guard has never exceeded 72 percent of the validated 
        requirement of the headquarters of the Department of the Army;
            (6) the current size of the full-time support force for the 
        Army National Guard is the minimum required to maintain 
        foundational readiness requirements; and
            (7) further reducing the size of the full-time support 
        force for the Army National Guard will have adverse and long-
        lasting impacts on readiness.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2017 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2017.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. NUMBER OF MARINE CORPS GENERAL OFFICERS.

    (a) Distribution of Commissioned Officers on Active Duty in General 
Officer and Flag Officer Grades.--Section 525(a)(4) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``15'' and inserting 
        ``17''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``23'' and inserting 
        ``22''.
    (b) General and Flag Officers on Active Duty.--Section 526(a)(4) of 
such title is amended by striking ``61'' and inserting ``62''.
    (c) Deputy Commandants.--Section 5045 of such title is amended by 
striking ``six'' and inserting ``seven''.

SEC. 502. EQUAL CONSIDERATION OF OFFICERS FOR EARLY RETIREMENT OR 
              DISCHARGE.

    Section 638a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(4) Convening selection boards under section 611(b) of 
        this title to consider for early retirement or discharge 
        regular officers on the active-duty list in a grade below 
        lieutenant colonel or commander--
                    ``(A) who have served at least one year of active 
                duty in the grade currently held; and
                    ``(B) whose names are not on a list of officers 
                recommended for promotion.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e)(1) In the case of action under subsection (b)(4), the 
Secretary of the military department concerned shall specify the total 
number of officers described in that subsection that a selection board 
convened under section 611(b) of this title pursuant to the authority 
of that subsection may recommend for early retirement or discharge. 
Officers who are eligible, or are within two years of becoming 
eligible, to be retired under any provision of law (other than by 
reason of eligibility pursuant to section 4403 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484)), if 
selected by the board, shall be retired or retained until becoming 
eligible to retire under sections 3911, 6323, or 8911 of this title, 
and those officers who are otherwise ineligible to retire under any 
provision of law shall, if selected by the board, be discharged.
    ``(2) In the case of action under subsection (b)(4), the Secretary 
of the military department concerned may submit to a selection board 
convened pursuant to that subsection--
            ``(A) the names of all eligible officers described in that 
        subsection, whether or not they are eligible to be retired 
        under any provision of law, in a particular grade and 
        competitive category; or
            ``(B) the names of all eligible officers described in that 
        subsection in a particular grade and competitive category, 
        whether or not they are eligible to be retired under any 
        provision of law, who are also in particular year groups, 
        specialties, or retirement categories, or any combination 
        thereof, with that competitive category.
    ``(3) The number of officers specified under paragraph (1) may not 
be more than 30 percent of the number of officers considered.
    ``(4) An officer who is recommended for discharge by a selection 
board convened pursuant to the authority of subsection (b)(4) and whose 
discharge is approved by the Secretary concerned shall be discharged on 
a date specified by the Secretary concerned.
    ``(5) Selection of officers for discharge under this subsection 
shall be based on the needs of the service.''.

SEC. 503. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO DROP FROM ROLLS A COMMISSIONED 
              OFFICER.

    Section 1161(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or the Secretary of Defense, or in the case of a 
commissioned officer of the Coast Guard, the Secretary of the 
department in which the Coast Guard is operating when it is not 
operating in the Navy,'' after ``President''.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. EXTENSION OF REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS ON THE TRANSFER OF 
              OFFICERS BETWEEN THE ACTIVE AND INACTIVE NATIONAL GUARD.

    Section 512 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 752; 32 U.S.C. prec. 301 note) 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 
        31, 2019''; and
            (2) in subsection (b) in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 
        31, 2019''.

SEC. 512. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO USE AIR FORCE RESERVE 
              COMPONENT PERSONNEL TO PROVIDE TRAINING AND INSTRUCTION 
              REGARDING PILOT TRAINING.

    Section 514(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 810) is amended by 
inserting ``and fiscal year 2017'' after ``During fiscal year 2016''.

SEC. 513. LIMITATIONS ON ORDERING SELECTED RESERVE TO ACTIVE DUTY FOR 
              PREPLANNED MISSIONS IN SUPPORT OF THE COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    Section 12304b(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``only'' in the matter 
        preceding subparagraph (A);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) In lieu of paragraph (1), units may be ordered to active duty 
under this section if--
            ``(A) the manpower and associated costs of such active duty 
        has been identified by the Secretary concerned as an emerging 
        requirement in the year of execution; and
            ``(B) the Secretary concerned provides 30-day advance 
        notification to the congressional defense committees that 
        identifies the funds required to support the order, a 
        description of the mission for which the units will be ordered 
        to active duty, and the anticipated length of time of the order 
        of such units to active duty on an involuntary basis.''.

SEC. 514. EXEMPTION OF MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS) FROM CIVILIAN 
              EMPLOYEE FURLOUGHS.

    Section 10216(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after ``reductions'' the following: ``(including temporary 
reductions by furlough or otherwise)''.

SEC. 515. ELECTRONIC TRACKING OF OPERATIONAL ACTIVE-DUTY SERVICE 
              PERFORMED BY MEMBERS OF THE READY RESERVE OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall establish an electronic means by 
which members of the Ready Reserve of the Armed Forces can track their 
operational active-duty service performed after January 28, 2008, under 
section 12301(a), 12301(d), 12301(g), 12302, or 12304 of title 10, 
United States Code. The tour calculator shall specify early retirement 
credit authorized for each qualifying tour of active duty, as well as 
cumulative early reserve retirement credit authorized to date under 
section 12731(f) of such title.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

SEC. 521. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO ANNUAL AUTHORIZATION FOR PERSONNEL 
              STRENGTHS.

    Section 115 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``502(f)(2)'' 
                and inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``502(f)(2)'' 
                and inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''; and
            (2) in subsection (i)(7), by striking ``502(f)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``502(f)(1)(A)''.

SEC. 522. ENTITLEMENT TO LEAVE FOR ADOPTION OF CHILD BY DUAL MILITARY 
              COUPLES.

    Section 701(i) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following new paragraph:
            
    ``(3) In the event that two members of the armed forces who are 
married to each other adopt a child in a qualifying child adoption, the 
two members shall be allowed a total of at least 36 days of leave under 
this subsection, to be shared between the two members. The Secretary 
concerned shall permit the transfer of such leave between the two 
members to accommodate individual family circumstances.''.

SEC. 523. REVISION OF DEPLOYABILITY RATING SYSTEM AND PLANNING REFORM.

    (a) Deployment Prioritization and Readiness.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 1003 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 10102 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 10102a. Deployment prioritization and readiness of army 
              components
    ``(a) Deployment Prioritization.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
maintain a system for identifying the priority of deployment for units 
of all components of the Army.
    ``(b) Deployability Readiness Rating.--The Secretary of the Army 
shall maintain a readiness rating system for units of all components of 
the Army that provides an accurate assessment of the deployability of a 
unit and those shortfalls of a unit that require the provision of 
additional resources. The system shall ensure--
            ``(1) that the personnel readiness rating of a unit 
        reflects--
                    ``(A) both the percentage of the overall personnel 
                requirement of the unit that is manned and deployable 
                and the fill and deployability rate for critical 
                occupational specialties necessary for the unit to 
                carry out its basic mission requirements; and
                    ``(B) the number of personnel in the unit who are 
                qualified in their primary military occupational 
                specialty; and
            ``(2) that the equipment readiness assessment of a unit--
                    ``(A) documents all equipment required for 
                deployment;
                    ``(B) reflects only that equipment that is directly 
                possessed by the unit;
                    ``(C) specifies the effect of substitute items; and
                    ``(D) assesses the effect of missing components and 
                sets on the readiness of major equipment items.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 1003 of such title is amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 10102 the following new 
        item:

``10102a. Deployment prioritization and readiness of Army 
                            components.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Provisions of Law.--Sections 1121 and 1135 
of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform Act of 1992 (title 
XI of Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) are repealed.

SEC. 524. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO EXECUTE CERTAIN MILITARY 
              INSTRUMENTS.

    (a) Expansion of Authority to Execute Military Testamentary 
Instruments.--
            (1) In general.--Paragraph (2) of section 1044d(c) of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) the execution of the instrument is notarized by--
                    ``(A) a military legal assistance counsel;
                    ``(B) a person who is authorized to act as a notary 
                under section 1044a of this title who--
                            ``(i) is not an attorney; and
                            ``(ii) is supervised by a military legal 
                        assistance counsel; or
                    ``(C) a State-licensed notary employed by a 
                military department or the Coast Guard who is 
                supervised by a military legal assistance counsel;''.
            (2) Clarification.--Paragraph (3) of such section is 
        amended by striking ``presiding attorney'' and inserting 
        ``person notarizing the instrument in accordance with paragraph 
        (2)''.
    (b) Expansion of Authority to Notarize Documents to Civilians 
Serving in Military Legal Assistance Offices.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 1044a of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(6) All civilian paralegals serving at military legal 
        assistance offices, supervised by a military legal assistance 
        counsel (as defined in section 1044d(g) of this title).''.

SEC. 525. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO VOLUNTARY SEPARATION PAY AND 
              BENEFITS.

    Section 1175a(j) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``or 12304'' and inserting ``12304, 
                12304a, or 12304b''; and
                    (B) by striking ``502(f)(1)'' and inserting 
                ``502(f)(1)(A)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``502(f)(2)'' and 
        inserting ``502(f)(1)(B)''.

SEC. 526. ANNUAL NOTICE TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES REGARDING CHILD 
              CUSTODY PROTECTIONS GUARANTEED BY THE SERVICEMEMBERS 
              CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    The Secretaries of each of the military departments shall ensure 
that each member of the Armed Forces with dependents receives annually, 
and prior to each deployment, notice of the child custody protections 
afforded to members of the Armed Forces under the Servicemembers Civil 
Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.).

SEC. 527. PILOT PROGRAM ON CONSOLIDATED ARMY RECRUITING.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall 
        carry out a pilot program to consolidate the recruiting efforts 
        of the Regular Army, Army Reserve, and Army National Guard 
        under which a recruiter in one of the components participating 
        in the pilot program may recruit individuals to enlist in any 
        of the components regardless of the funding source of the 
        recruiting activity. Under the pilot program, the recruiter 
        shall receive credit toward periodic enlistment goals for each 
        enlistment regardless of the component in which the individual 
        enlists.
            (2) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
        program for a period of not less than three years.
    (b) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
                date on which the pilot program under subsection (a) 
                commences, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
                on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a 
                report on the pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report under subparagraph (A) 
                shall include each of the following:
                            (i) An analysis of the effects that 
                        consolidated recruiting efforts has on the 
                        overall ability of recruiters to attract and 
                        place qualified candidates.
                            (ii) A determination of the extent to which 
                        consolidating recruiting efforts affects 
                        efficiency and recruiting costs.
                            (iii) An analysis of any challenges 
                        associated with a recruiter working to recruit 
                        individuals to enlist in a component in which 
                        the recruiter has not served.
                            (iv) An analysis of the satisfaction of 
                        recruiters and the component recruiting 
                        commands with the pilot program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        on which the pilot program under subsection (a) is completed, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the committees specified in 
        paragraph (1)(A) a final report on the pilot program. Such 
        final report shall include any recommendations of the Secretary 
        with respect to extending or making permanent the pilot program 
        and a description of any related legislative actions that the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.

SEC. 528. REPORT ON PURPOSE AND UTILITY OF REGISTRATION SYSTEM UNDER 
              MILITARY SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than July 1, 2017, the Secretary of 
Defense shall--
            (1) submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the current 
        and future need for a centralized registration system under the 
        Military Selective Service Act (50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.); and
            (2) provide a briefing on the results of the report.
    (b) Elements of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A detailed analysis of the current benefits derived, 
        both directly and indirectly, from the Military Selective 
        Service System, including--
                    (A) the extent to which mandatory registration 
                benefits military recruiting;
                    (B) the extent to which a national registration 
                capability serves as a deterrent to potential enemies 
                of the United States; and
                    (C) the extent to which expanding registration to 
                include women would impact these benefits.
            (2) An analysis of the functions currently performed by the 
        Selective Service System that would be assumed by the 
        Department of Defense in the absence of a national registration 
        capability.
            (3) An analysis of the systems, manpower, and facilities 
        that would be needed by the Department to physically mobilize 
        inductees in the absence of the Selective Service System.
            (4) An analysis of the feasibility and utility of 
        eliminating the current focus on mass mobilization of primarily 
        combat troops in favor of a system that focuses on mobilization 
        of all military occupational specialties, and the extent to 
        which such a change would impact the need for both male and 
        female inductees.
            (5) A detailed analysis of the Department's personnel needs 
        in the event of an emergency requiring mass mobilization, 
        including--
                    (A) a detailed timeline, along with the factors 
                considered in arriving at this timeline, of when the 
                Department would require--
                            (i) the first inductees to report for 
                        service;
                            (ii) the first 100,000 inductees to report 
                        for service; and
                            (iii) the first medical personnel to report 
                        for service; and
                    (B) an analysis of any additional critical skills 
                that would be needed in the event of a national 
                emergency, and a timeline for when the Department would 
                require the first inductees to report for service.
            (6) A list of the assumptions used by the Department when 
        conducting its analysis in preparing the report.
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than December 1, 2017, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a review of the procedures used by the Department of 
Defense in evaluating selective service requirements.

SEC. 529. PARENTAL LEAVE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Additional Parental Leave Authority.--
            (1) Availability of parental leave.--Chapter 40 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        701 the following new section:
``Sec. 701a. Parental leave
    ``(a) Leave Authorized.--A member of the armed forces who is 
performing active service may be allowed leave under this section for 
each instance in which the member becomes a parent as a result of the 
member's spouse giving birth.
    ``(b) Amount of Leave.--Leave under this section shall be at least 
14 days, under regulations prescribed under this section by the 
Secretary concerned.
    ``(c) Duration of Availability of Leave.--Leave under this section 
is lost as follows:
            ``(1) If not used within one year of the date of the birth 
        giving rise to the leave.
            ``(2) If the member having the leave becomes entitled to 
        leave under this section with respect to a different child.
            ``(3) If not used before separation from active service.
    ``(d) Coordination With Other Leave Authorities.--Leave under this 
section is in addition to any other leave and may not be deducted or 
charged against other leave authorized by this chapter.
    ``(e) Regulations.--This section shall be carried out under 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned. Regulations 
prescribed under this section by the Secretaries of the military 
departments shall be as uniform as practicable and shall be subject to 
approval by the Secretary of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 40 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 701 the 
        following new item:

``701a. Parental leave.''.
            (3) Conforming amendment.--Subsection (j) of section 701 of 
        title 10, United States Code, is repealed.
    (b) Coverage of Commissioned Officers of the Public Health 
Service.--Section 221(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
213a(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(19) Section 701(i) and 701a, Adoption Leave and Parental 
        Leave.''.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

SEC. 541. EXPEDITED REPORTING OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT TO STATE CHILD 
              PROTECTIVE SERVICES.

    (a) Reporting by Military and Civilian Personnel of the Department 
of Defense.--Section 1787 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (a) and (b) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before subsection (c), as so redesignated, 
        the following new subsections:
    ``(a) Reporting by Military and Civilian Personnel.--A member of 
the armed forces, civilian employee of the Department of Defense, or 
contractor employee working on a military installation who is mandated 
by Federal regulation or State law to report known or suspected 
instances of child abuse and neglect shall provide the report directly 
to State Child Protective Services or another appropriate State agency 
in addition to the member's or employee's chain of command or any 
designated Department point of contact.
    ``(b) Training for Mandated Reporters.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that individuals referred to in subsection (a) who are 
mandated by State law to report known or suspected instances of child 
abuse and neglect receive appropriate training, in accordance with 
State guidelines, intended to improve their--
            ``(1) ability to recognize evidence of child abuse and 
        neglect; and
            ``(2) understanding of the mandatory reporting requirements 
        imposed by law.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--Section 1787 of title 10, 
United States Code, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subsection 
        (a)(1), by striking ``In General.--'' and inserting ``Reporting 
        by States.--''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), as redesignated by subsection 
        (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``(d) Definition.--In this section, 
                the term'' and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(2) The term `State' includes the District of Columbia, 
        the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the 
        Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American 
        Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the 
        Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau.''.

SEC. 542. EXTENSION OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING 
              SEXUAL ASSAULTS AND COORDINATION WITH RELEASE OF FAMILY 
              ADVOCACY REPORT.

    Section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4433; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``March 1, 2017'' and 
        inserting ``January 31, 2021''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Coordination of Release Date Between Annual Report Regarding 
Sexual Assaults and Family Advocacy Report.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that the report required under subsection (a) for a year 
is delivered to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives simultaneously with the Department of Defense 
Family Advocacy Report for that year required by section 543 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.''.

SEC. 543. REQUIREMENT FOR ANNUAL FAMILY ADVOCACY PROGRAM REPORT 
              REGARDING CHILD ABUSE AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    (a) Annual Report on Child Abuse and Domestic Violence.--Not later 
than January 31, 2017, and annually thereafter through January 31, 
2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report on the 
child abuse and domestic abuse incident data from the Department of 
Defense Family Advocacy Program central registry of child abuse and 
domestic abuse incidents for the preceding calendar year.
    (b) Contents.--The report shall contain each of the following:
            (1) The number of incidents reported during the year 
        covered by the report involving--
                    (A) spouse physical or sexual abuse;
                    (B) intimate partner physical or sexual abuse;
                    (C) child physical or sexual abuse; and
                    (D) child or domestic abuse resulting in a 
                fatality.
            (2) An analysis of the number of such incidents that met 
        the criteria for substantiation.
            (3) An analysis of--
                    (A) the types of abuse reported;
                    (B) for cases involving children as the reported 
                victims of the abuse, the ages of the abused children; 
                and
                    (C) other relevant characteristics of the reported 
                victims.
            (4) An analysis of the military status, sex, and pay grade 
        of the alleged perpetrator of the child or domestic abuse.
            (5) An analysis of the effectiveness of the Family Advocacy 
        Program.
    (c) Coordination of Release Date Between Annual Report Regarding 
Sexual Assaults and Family Advocacy Program Report.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that the sexual assault report required under 
section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is delivered 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
the Senate simultaneously with the report required under this section.

SEC. 544. IMPROVED DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREVENTION OF AND RESPONSE TO 
              HAZING IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Anti-Hazing Database.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
for the establishment and use of a comprehensive and consistent data-
collection system for the collection of reports, including anonymous 
reports, of incidents of hazing involving a member of the Armed Forces. 
The Secretary shall issue department-wide guidance regarding the 
availability and use of the database, including information on 
protected classes, such as race and religion, who are often the victims 
of hazing.
    (b) Improved Training.--The Secretary of each military department, 
in consultation with the Chief of Staff of each Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary, shall seek to improve training to 
assist members of the Armed Forces better recognize, prevent, and 
respond to hazing at all command levels.
    (c) Annual Survey.--The Secretary of each military department, in 
consultation with the Chief of Staff of each Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary, shall conduct an annual survey among 
members of each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such Secretary to 
determine the following:
            (1) The prevalence of hazing in the Armed Force.
            (2) The effectiveness of training provided members of the 
        Armed Force to recognize and prevent hazing.
            (3) The extent to which members of the Armed Force report, 
        including anonymously report, incidents of hazing.
    (d) Annual Reports on Hazing.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than January 31 of each 
        year through January 31, 2021, the Secretary of each military 
        department, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of each 
        Armed Force under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report containing a description 
        of efforts during the previous year--
                    (A) to prevent and to respond to incidents of 
                hazing involving members of the Armed Forces;
                    (B) to track and encourage reporting, including 
                reporting anonymously, incidents of hazing in the Armed 
                Force; and
                    (C) to ensure the consistent implementation of 
                anti-hazing policies.
            (2) Additional elements.--Each report required by this 
        subsection also shall address the same elements originally 
        addressed in the anti-hazing reports required by section 534 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
        (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1726).

SEC. 545. BURDENS OF PROOF APPLICABLE TO INVESTIGATIONS AND REVIEWS 
              RELATED TO PROTECTED COMMUNICATIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES AND PROHIBITED RETALIATORY ACTIONS.

    (a) Burdens of Proof.--Section 1034 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
        (j) and (k), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
        subsection (i):
    ``(i) Burdens of Proof.--The burdens of proof specified in section 
1221(e) of title 5 shall apply in any investigation conducted by an 
Inspector General under subsection (c) or (d), any review performed by 
a board for the correction of military records under subsection (g), 
and any review conducted by the Secretary of Defense under subsection 
(h).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is 30 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, and shall apply with respect to allegations pending or 
submitted under section 1034 of title 10, United States Code, on or 
after that date.

SEC. 546. IMPROVED INVESTIGATION OF ALLEGATIONS OF PROFESSIONAL 
              RETALIATION.

    Section 1034(c)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(F) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that any individual 
investigating an allegation as described in paragraph (1) must have 
training in the definition and characteristics of retaliation. In 
addition, if the investigation involves alleged retaliation in response 
to a communication regarding a violation of a law or regulation 
prohibiting rape, sexual assault, or other sexual misconduct in 
violation of sections 920 through 920c of this title (articles 120 
through 120c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), the training 
shall include specific instruction regarding such violations.''.

SEC. 547. CAREER MILITARY JUSTICE LITIGATION TRACK FOR JUDGE ADVOCATES.

    (a) Career Litigation Track Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall establish a career military justice litigation track for 
        judge advocates in the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of 
        the Secretary.
            (2) Consultation.--The Secretary of the Army and the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall establish the litigation track 
        required by this section in consultation with the Judge 
        Advocate General of the Army and the Judge Advocate General of 
        the Air Force, respectively. The Secretary of the Navy shall 
        establish the litigation track in consultation with the Judge 
        Advocate General of the Navy and the Staff Judge Advocate to 
        the Commandant of the Marine Corps.
    (b) Elements.--Each career litigation track under this section 
shall provide for the following:
            (1) Assignment and advancement of qualified judge advocates 
        in and through assignments and billets relating to the practice 
        of military justice under chapter 47 of title 10, United States 
        Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
            (2) Establishing for each Armed Force the assignments and 
        billets covered by paragraph (1), which shall include trial 
        counsel, defense counsel, military trial judge, military 
        appellate judge, academic instructor, all positions within 
        criminal law offices or divisions of such Armed Force, Special 
        Victims Prosecutor, Victims' Legal Counsel, Special Victims' 
        Counsel, and such other positions as the Secretary of the 
        military department concerned shall specify.
            (3) For judge advocates participating in such litigation 
        track, mechanisms as follows:
                    (A) To prohibit a judge advocate from more than a 
                total of four years of duty or assignments outside such 
                litigation track.
                    (B) To prohibit any adverse assessment of a judge 
                advocate so participating by reason of such 
                participation in the promotion of officers through 
                grade O-6 (or such higher grade as the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned shall specify for 
                purposes of such litigation track).
            (4) Such additional requirements and qualifications for the 
        litigation track as the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned considers appropriate, including requirements and 
        qualifications that take into account the unique personnel 
        needs and requirement of an Armed Force.
    (c) Implementation Deadline.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall implement the career litigation track required by this 
section for the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
by not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each Secretary of a military department shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on the progress of such Secretary in 
implementing the career litigation track required under this section 
for the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretary.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

SEC. 561. REVISION TO QUALITY ASSURANCE OF CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS AND 
              STANDARDS.

    Section 2015(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``is accredited by an 
        accreditation body that'' and all that follows and inserting 
        ``meets one of the requirements specified in paragraph (2).''; 
        and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(2) The requirements for a credentialing program 
        specified in this paragraph are that the credentialing 
        program--
                    ``(A) is accredited by a nationally-recognized 
                third-party personnel certification program accreditor;
                    ``(B)(i) is sought or accepted by employers within 
                the industry or sector involved as a recognized, 
                preferred, or required credential for recruitment, 
                screening, hiring, retention, or advancement purposes; 
                and
                    ``(ii) where appropriate, is endorsed by a 
                nationally-recognized trade association or organization 
                representing a significant part of the industry or 
                sector;
                    ``(C) grants licenses that are recognized by the 
                Federal Government or a State government; or
                    ``(D) meets credential standards of a Federal 
                agency.''.

SEC. 562. ESTABLISHMENT OF ROTC CYBER INSTITUTES AT SENIOR MILITARY 
              COLLEGES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 103 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2111c. Senior military colleges: ROTC cyber institutes
    ``(a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may establish 
cyber institutes at each of the senior military colleges and each of 
the Reserve Officer Training Corps institutions selected for 
partnership by the cyber institutes at the individual service academies 
for the purpose of accelerating the development of foundational 
expertise in critical cyber operational skills for future military and 
civilian leaders of the armed forces and the Department of Defense, 
including such leaders of the reserve components.
    ``(b) Elements.--Each cyber institute established under this 
section shall include each of the following:
            ``(1) Training for members of the program who possess cyber 
        operational expertise from beginning through advanced skill 
        levels, including instruction and practical experiences that 
        lead to cyber certifications recognized in the field.
            ``(2) Training in targeted strategic foreign language 
        proficiency designed to significantly enhance critical cyber 
        operational capabilities and tailored to current and 
        anticipated readiness requirements.
            ``(3) Training related to mathematical foundations of 
        cryptography and cryptographic theory and practice designed to 
        complement and reinforce cyber education along with the 
        strategic language programs critical to cyber operations.
            ``(4) Training designed to expand the pool of qualified 
        cyber instructors necessary to support cyber education in 
        regional school systems.
    ``(c) Partnerships With Department of Defense and the Armed 
Forces.--Any cyber institute established under this section may enter 
into a partnership with any active or reserve component of the armed 
forces or any agency of the Department of Defense to facilitate the 
development of critical cyber skills.
    ``(d) Partnerships With Other Schools.--Any cyber institute 
established under this section may enter into a partnership with one or 
more local educational agencies to facilitate the development of 
critical cyber skills under the program among students attending the 
elementary and secondary schools of such agencies who may pursue a 
military career. The cyber institute may place a special emphasis on 
entering into a partnership under this subsection with a local 
educational agency located in a rural, underserved, or underrepresented 
community.
    ``(e) Senior Military Colleges.--The senior military colleges are 
the senior military colleges in section 2111a(f) of this title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2111c. Senior military colleges: ROTC cyber institutes.''.

SEC. 563. MILITARY-TO-MARINER TRANSITION.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
the department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall jointly 
report to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Commerce, Science, 
and Transportation of the Senate on steps the Departments of Defense 
and Homeland Security have taken or intend to take to--
            (1) maximize the extent to which United States armed forces 
        service, training, and qualifications are creditable toward 
        meeting the laws and regulations governing United States 
        merchant mariner license, certification, and document laws and 
        the International Convention on Standards of Training, 
        Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, including 
        steps to enhance interdepartmental coordination; and
            (2) to promote better awareness among armed forces 
        personnel who serve in vessel operating positions of the 
        requirements for post-service use of armed forces training, 
        education, and practical experience in satisfaction of 
        requirements for merchant mariner credentials under section 
        11.213 of title 46, Code of Federal Regulation, and the need to 
        document such service in a manner suitable for post-service 
        use.
    (b) List of Training Programs.--The report under subsection (a) 
shall include a list of Army, Navy, and Coast Guard training programs 
open to Army, Navy, and Coast Guard vessel operators, respectively, 
that shows--
            (1) which programs have been approved for credit toward 
        merchant mariner credentials;
            (2) which programs are under review for such approval;
            (3) which programs are not relevant to the training needed 
        for merchant mariner credentials; and
            (4) which programs could become eligible for credit toward 
        merchant mariner credentials with minor changes.

SEC. 564. EMPLOYMENT AUTHORITY FOR CIVILIAN FACULTY AT CERTAIN MILITARY 
              DEPARTMENT SCHOOLS.

    (a) Addition of Army University and Additional Faculty.--
            (1) In general.--Section 4021 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
                following new subsection:
    ``(a) Authority of Secretary.--The Secretary of the Army may employ 
as many civilians as professors, instructors, lecturers, researchers, 
and administrative faculty at the Army War College, the United States 
Army Command and General Staff College, and the Army University as the 
Secretary considers necessary.''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (c).
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 4021. Army War College, United States Army Command and General 
              Staff College, and Army University: civilian faculty 
              members''.
    (b) Naval War College and Marine Corps University.--Section 7478 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(a) Authority of Secretary.--The Secretary of the Navy may employ 
as many civilians as professors, instructors, lecturers, researchers, 
and administrative faculty at a school of the Naval War College or of 
the Marine Corps University as the Secretary considers necessary.''; 
and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).
    (c) Air University.--Section 9021 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(a) Authority of Secretary.--The Secretary of the Air Force may 
employ as many civilians as professors, instructors, lecturers, 
researchers, and administrative faculty at a school of the Air 
University as the Secretary considers necessary.''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 565. REVISION OF NAME ON MILITARY SERVICE RECORD TO REFLECT CHANGE 
              IN NAME OF A MEMBER OF THE ARMY, NAVY, AIR FORCE, OR 
              MARINE CORPS, AFTER SEPARATION FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Revision Required.--Section 1551 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Service Under Assumed Name.--'' 
        before ``The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Effect of Change in Name.--The Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall reissue a certificate of discharge or an 
order of acceptance of resignation in the new name of any person who, 
after separation from an armed force under the jurisdiction of that 
Secretary, legally changes the person's name to reflect the person's 
gender identity.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 1551 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1551. Correction of name after separation from service''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 1551 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``1551. Correction of name after separation from service.''.

SEC. 566. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL 
              GUARD AND RESERVE.

    (a) Program Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
pilot program to enhance the efforts of the Department of Defense to 
provide job placement assistance and related employment services 
directly to members in the National Guard and Reserves.
    (b) Administration.--The pilot program shall be offered to, and 
administered by, the adjutants general appointed under section 314 of 
title 32, United States Code.
    (c) Cost-sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the provision of 
funds under this section to a State to support the operation of the 
pilot program in the State, the State must agree to contribute an 
amount, derived from non-Federal sources, equal to at least 30 percent 
of the funds provided by the Secretary of Defense under this section.
    (d) Direct Employment Program Model.--The pilot program should 
follow a job placement program model that focuses on working one-on-one 
with a member of a reserve component to cost-effectively provide job 
placement services, including services such as identifying unemployed 
and under employed members, job matching services, resume editing, 
interview preparation, and post-employment follow up. Development of 
the pilot program should be informed by State direct employment 
programs for members of the reserve components, such as the programs 
conducted in California and South Carolina.
    (e) Evaluation.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop outcome 
measurements to evaluate the success of the pilot program.
    (f) Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than January 31, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report describing the results of the pilot program. The 
        Secretary shall prepare the report in coordination with the 
        Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
            (2) Elements of report.--A report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                effectiveness and achievements of the pilot program, 
                including the number of members of the reserve 
                components hired and the cost-per-placement of 
                participating members.
                    (B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot 
                program and increased reserve component employment 
                levels on the readiness of members of the reserve 
                components.
                    (C) A comparison of the pilot program to other 
                programs conducted by the Department of Defense and 
                Department of Veterans Affairs to provide unemployment 
                and underemployment support to members of the reserve 
                components and veterans.
                    (D) Any other matters considered appropriate by the 
                Secretary.
    (g) Duration of Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
        program expires September 30, 2019.
            (2) Extension.--Upon the expiration of the authority under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may extend the pilot 
        program for not more than two additional fiscal years.

SEC. 567. PROHIBITION ON ESTABLISHMENT, MAINTENANCE, OR SUPPORT OF 
              SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS AT 
              EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS THAT DISPLAY CONFEDERATE BATTLE 
              FLAG.

    (a) Prohibition.--Section 2102 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Prohibition Related to Display of Confederate Battle Flag.--
(1) The Secretary of a military department may not establish, maintain, 
or support a unit of the program at any educational institution, 
including any senior military college specified in section 2111a of 
this title, that displays, in a location other than in a museum 
exhibit, the Confederate battle flag.
    ``(2)(A) Upon making a determination under paragraph (1) that an 
educational institution displays, in a location other than in a museum 
exhibit, the Confederate battle flag, the Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall terminate, in accordance with subparagraph 
(B), any unit of the program at that educational institution in 
existence as of the date of the determination.
    ``(B) The termination of a unit of the program at an educational 
institution pursuant to this paragraph shall take effect on the date on 
which--
            ``(i) each member of the program who, as of the date of the 
        determination, is enrolled in the educational institution is no 
        longer so enrolled; and
            ``(ii) each student who, as of the date of the 
        determination, is enrolled in the educational institution but 
        not yet a member of the program, is no longer so enrolled.
    ``(3) Not later than January 31, 2017, and each January 31 
thereafter through January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report--
            ``(A) identifying each unit of the program located at an 
        educational institution that displays, in a location other than 
        in a museum exhibit, the Confederate battle flag; and
            ``(B) describing the implementation of this subsection with 
        respect to that educational institution.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the term `Confederate battle flag' means 
the battle flag of the Army of Northern Virginia, the battle flag of 
the Army of Tennessee, the battle flag of Forrest's Cavalry Corps, the 
Second Confederate Navy Jack, the Second Confederate Navy Ensign, or 
other flag with a like design.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 2102(d) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``The President'' and inserting 
``Subject to subsection (e), the President''.
    (2) Section 2111a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) in subsection (d), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Except as provided in section 2102(e) of this 
        title, the Secretary''; and
            (B) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``Except in the case of a senior miliary college at 
        which a unit of the program is terminated pursuant to section 
        2102(e) of this title, the Secretary''.
    (c) Exception.--Section 2102 of title 10, United States Code, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Exception.--The prohibition under subsection (e) shall not 
apply to an educational institution if the board of visitors of such 
institution has voted to take down the flag described in such 
subsection.''.

SEC. 568. REPORT ON COMPOSITION OF SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate a 
report on the demographic composition of service academies that 
includes--
            (1) an analysis of--
                    (A) the demographic composition of each service 
                academy's--
                            (i) recruits;
                            (ii) nominees;
                            (iii) applicants;
                            (iv) qualified applicants;
                            (v) admits;
                            (vi) enrollees;
                            (vii) graduates; and
                            (viii) graduate occupation placement;
                    (B) how such composition compares to the 
                demographic composition of--
                            (i) the United States;
                            (ii) enlisted members of the Armed Forces;
                            (iii) officers of the Armed Forces; and
                            (iv) other institutions of higher education 
                        (as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher 
                        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)); and
                    (C) the demographic composition of each quintile of 
                academic ranking for each service academy's graduating 
                class;
            (2) a description of the considerations given to 
        demographic composition in each service academy's--
                    (A) recruitment efforts (including funding 
                decisions made to further such efforts);
                    (B) qualification decisions; and
                    (C) admissions decisions; and
            (3) recommendations for best--
                    (A) recruitment practices;
                    (B) nominating practices;
                    (C) qualification decision practices; and
                    (D) admissions practices.
    (b) Definition.--In this section the term ``service academy'' means 
each of the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.
            (5) The United States Merchant Marine Academy.
    (c) Scope of Report.--The report required by this section shall 
examine each service academy class admitted following the date of 
enactment of section 543 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160).

SEC. 569. INCLUSION OF ALCOHOL, PRESCRIPTION DRUG, OPIOID, AND OTHER 
              SUBSTANCE ABUSE COUNSELING AS PART OF REQUIRED 
              PRESEPARATION COUNSELING.

    Section 1142(b)(11) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period the following: ``and information concerning 
the availability of treatment options and resources to address 
substance abuse, including alcohol, prescription drug, and opioid 
abuse''.

SEC. 569A. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 1144(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(10) Provide information regarding the deduction of 
        disability compensation paid by the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs pursuant to section 1175a(h) of this title by reason of 
        voluntary separation pay received by the member.''.

SEC. 569B. REPORT AND GUIDANCE REGARDING JOB TRAINING, EMPLOYMENT 
              SKILLS TRAINING, APPRENTICESHIPS, AND INTERNSHIPS AND 
              SKILLBRIDGE INITIATIVES FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
              WHO ARE BEING SEPARATED.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives, and make available to the 
public, a report evaluating the success of the Job Training, Employment 
Skills Training, Apprenticeships, and Internships (known as JTEST-AI) 
and SkillBridge initiatives, under which civilian businesses and 
companies make available to members of the Armed Forces who are being 
separated from the Armed Forces training or internship opportunities 
that offer a high probability of employment for the members after their 
separation.
    (b) Elements of Report.--In preparing the report required by 
subsection (a), the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall use the effectiveness metrics described in Enclosure 5 
of Department of Defense Instruction No. 1322.29. The report shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) An assessment of the successes of the JTEST-AI and 
        SkillBridge initiatives.
            (2) Recommendations by the Under Secretary regarding ways 
        in which the administration of the JTEST-AI and SkillBridge 
        initiatives could be improved.
            (3) Recommendations by civilian companies participating in 
        the initiatives regarding ways in which the administration of 
        the JTEST-AI and SkillBridge initiatives could be improved.
            (4) Testimony from a sample of members of the Armed Forces 
        who are participating in a JTEST-AI or SkillBridge initiative 
        regarding the effectiveness of the initiatives and the members' 
        support for the initiatives.
            (5) Testimony from a sample of recently separated members 
        of the Armed Forces who participated in a JTEST-AI or 
        SkillBridge initiative regarding the effectiveness of the 
        initiatives and the members' support for the initiatives.
    (c) Issuance of Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the 
submission of the report required by subsection (a), the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall issue guidance 
to commanders of units of the Armed Forces for the purpose of 
encouraging commanders, consistent with unit readiness, to allow 
members of the Armed Forces under their command who are being separated 
from the Armed Forces to participate in a JTEST-AI or SkillBridge 
initiative.

SEC. 569C. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION IN ADVANCE OF APPOINTMENTS TO 
              SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4342(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter after paragraph (10) by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``When a nominee of a 
Senator, Representative, or Delegate is selected for appointment as a 
cadet, the Senator, Representative, or Delegate shall be notified at 
least 48 hours before the official notification or announcement of the 
appointment is made.''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6954(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter after paragraph (10) by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``When a nominee of a 
Senator, Representative, or Delegate is selected for appointment as a 
midshipman, the Senator, Representative, or Delegate shall be notified 
at least 48 hours before the official notification or announcement of 
the appointment is made.''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9342(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter after paragraph (10) by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``When a nominee of a 
Senator, Representative, or Delegate is selected for appointment as a 
cadet, the Senator, Representative, or Delegate shall be notified at 
least 48 hours before the official notification or announcement of the 
appointment is made.''.
    (d) United States Merchant Marine Academy.--Section 51302 of title 
46, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Congressional Notification in Advance of Appointments.--When 
a nominee of a Senator, Representative, or Delegate is selected for 
appointment as a cadet, the Senator, Representative, or Delegate shall 
be notified at least 48 hours before the official notification or 
announcement of the appointment is made''.
    (e) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply with respect to the appointment of cadets and midshipmen to 
the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval Academy, 
the United States Air Force Academy, and United States Merchant Marine 
Academy for classes entering these service academies after January 1, 
2018.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
              AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2017 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in division D, $30,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
8013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 572. SUPPORT FOR PROGRAMS PROVIDING CAMP EXPERIENCE FOR CHILDREN 
              OF MILITARY FAMILIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide financial or 
non-monetary support to qualified nonprofit organizations in order to 
assist such organizations in carrying out programs to support the 
attendance at a camp or camp-like setting of children of military 
families who have experienced the death of a family member or other 
loved one or who have another family member living with a substance use 
disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder.
    (b) Application for Support.--
            (1) In general.--Each organization seeking support pursuant 
        to subsection (a) shall submit to the Secretary an application 
        therefor containing such information as the Secretary shall 
        specify for purposes of this section.
            (2) Contents.--Each application submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the program for which support 
                is being sought, including the location of the setting 
                or settings under the program, the duration of such 
                setting or setting, any local partners participating in 
                or contributing to the program, and the ratio of 
                counselors, trained volunteers, or both to children at 
                such setting or settings.
                    (B) An estimate of the number of children of 
                military families to be supported using the support 
                sought.
                    (C) A description of the type of activities that 
                will be conducted using the support sought, including 
                the manner in which activities are particularly 
                supportive to children of military families described 
                in subsection (a).
                    (D) A description of the outreach conducted or to 
                be conducted by the organization to military families 
                regarding the program.
    (c) Preference in Approval of Applications.--The Secretary shall 
accord a preference in the approval of applications submitted pursuant 
to subsection (b) to applications submitted by organizations that--
            (1) provide a traditional camp or camp-like environment 
        setting that is hosted by an accredited service provider or 
        facility;
            (2) offer activities in that setting that--
                    (A) includes a continued care model;
                    (B) is tailored to the needs of children and uses 
                recognized best practices;
                    (C) exhibits an adequate understanding and 
                recognition of appropriate military culture and 
                traditions; and
                    (D) places a focus on peer-to-peer support and 
                activities;
            (3) offers post-camp and continuing bereavement or 
        addiction-prevention support, as applicable;
            (4) offer support services for children and families; and
            (5) provides for evaluations of the camp experience by 
        children and their families after camp.
    (d) Use of Support.--Support provided by the Secretary to an 
organization pursuant to subsection (a) shall be used by the 
organization to support attendance at a camp or camp-like setting of 
children of military families described in subsection (a).

SEC. 573. IMPACT AID.

    Notwithstanding section 5(d) of the Every Student Succeeds Act 
(Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 1806), the amendment made by section 
7004(1) of such Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 Stat. 2077)--
            (1) for fiscal year 2016, shall--
                    (A) be applied as if amending section 8003(a)(5)(A) 
                of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, 
                as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of 
                the Every Student Succeeds Act (Public Law 114-95; 129 
                Stat. 1802); and
                    (B) be in effect with respect to appropriations for 
                use under title VIII of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965, as in effect on the day before 
                the date of enactment of the Every Student Succeeds 
                Act; and
            (2) for fiscal year 2017 and each succeeding fiscal year, 
        shall be in effect with respect to appropriations for use under 
        title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
        1965, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (Public Law 
        114-95; 129 Stat. 1802).

SEC. 574. ELIMINATION OF TWO-YEAR ELIGIBILITY LIMITATION FOR 
              NONCOMPETITIVE APPOINTMENT OF SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    Section 3330d(c) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) No time limitation on appointment.--A relocating 
        spouse of a member of the Armed Forces remains eligible for 
        noncompetitive appointment under this section for the duration 
        of the spouse's relocation to the permanent duty station of the 
        member.''.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581. REVIEW REGARDING AWARD OF MEDAL OF HONOR TO CERTAIN ASIAN 
              AMERICAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN PACIFIC ISLANDER WAR 
              VETERANS.

    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of each military department 
shall review the service records of each Asian American and Native 
American Pacific Islander war veteran described in subsection (b) to 
determine whether that veteran should be awarded the Medal of Honor.
    (b) Covered Veterans.--The Asian American and Native American 
Pacific Islander war veterans whose service records are to be reviewed 
under subsection (a) are the following:
            (1) Any Asian American or Native American Pacific Islander 
        war veteran who was awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross, 
        the Navy Cross, or the Air Force Cross during the Korean War or 
        the Vietnam War.
            (2) Any other Asian American or Native American Pacific 
        Islander war veteran whose name is submitted to the Secretary 
        concerned for such purpose before the end of the one-year 
        period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Consultations.--In carrying out the review under subsection 
(a), the Secretary of each military department shall consult with such 
veterans service organizations as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (d) Recommendations Based on Review.--If the Secretary concerned 
determines, based upon the review under subsection (a) of the service 
records of any Asian American or Native American Pacific Islander war 
veteran, that the award of the Medal of Honor to that veteran is 
warranted, the Secretary shall submit to the President a recommendation 
that the President award the Medal of Honor to that veteran.
    (e) Authority to Award Medal of Honor.--A Medal of Honor may be 
awarded to an Asian American or Native American Pacific Islander war 
veteran in accordance with a recommendation of the Secretary concerned 
under subsection (d).
    (f) Congressional Notification.--No Medal of Honor may be awarded 
pursuant to subsection (e) until the Secretary of Defense submits to 
the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives notice of the recommendations under subsection (d), 
including the name of each Asian American or Native American Pacific 
Islander war veteran recommended to be awarded a Medal of Honor and the 
rationale for such recommendation.
    (g) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of Honor may 
be made under subsection (e) without regard to--
            (1) section 3744, 6248, or 8744 of title 10, United States 
        Code, as applicable; and
            (2) any regulation or other administrative restriction on--
                    (A) the time for awarding the Medal of Honor; or
                    (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for service 
                for which a Distinguished-Service Cross, Navy Cross, or 
                Air Force Cross has been awarded.
    (h) Definition.--In this section the term ``Native American Pacific 
Islander'' means a Native Hawaiian or Native American Pacific Islander, 
as those terms are defined in section 815 of the Native American 
Programs Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 2992c).

SEC. 582. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF MEDALS FOR ACTS OF VALOR.

    (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations specified 
in sections 3744, 6248, 8744 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain medals to 
persons who served in the United States Armed Forces, the President may 
award a medal referred to in subsection (c) to a member or former 
member of the United States Armed Forces identified as warranting award 
of that medal pursuant to the review of valor award nominations for 
Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation New 
Dawn, Operation Freedom's Sentinel, and Operation Inherent Resolve that 
was directed by the Secretary of Defense on January 7, 2016.
    (b) Award of Medal of Honor.--If, pursuant to the review referred 
to in subsection (a), the President decides to award to a member or 
former member of the Armed Forces the Medal of Honor, the medal may 
only be awarded after the Secretary of Defense submits to the Committee 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of 
the House of Representatives a letter identifying the intended 
recipient of the Medal of Honor and the rationale for awarding the 
medal of honor to such intended recipient.
    (c) Medals.--The medals referred to in this subsection are any of 
the following:
            (1) The Medal of Honor under section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of 
        title 10, United States Code;
            (2) The Distinguished-Service Cross under section 3742 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (3) The Navy Cross under section 6242 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (4) The Air Force Cross under section 8742 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (5) The Silver Star under section 3746, 6244, or 8746 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Termination.--No medal may be awarded under this section after 
December 31, 2019.

SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO GARY M. ROSE 
              FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING THE VIETNAM WAR.

    (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations specified 
in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, or any other time 
limitation with respect to the awarding of certain medals to persons 
who served in the Armed Forces, the President is authorized to award 
the Medal of Honor under section 3741 of such title to Gary M. Rose for 
the acts of valor described in subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Gary M. Rose in Laos from September 
11 through 14, 1970, during the Vietnam War while a member of the 
United States Army, Military Assistance Command Vietnam-Studies and 
Observation Group (MACVSOG).

SEC. 584. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO CHARLES S. 
              KETTLES FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING THE VIETNAM WAR.

    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
award the Medal of Honor under section 3741 of such title to Charles S. 
Kettles for the acts of valor during the Vietnam War described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Charles S. Kettles during combat 
operations on May 15, 1967, while serving as Flight Commander, 176th 
Aviation Company, 14th Aviation Battalion, Task Force Oregon, Republic 
of Vietnam, for which he was previously awarded the Distinguished-
Service Cross.

SEC. 585. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS TO 
              FIRST LIEUTENANT MELVIN M. SPRUIELL FOR ACTS OF VALOR 
              DURING WORLD WAR II.

    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the Secretary of the 
Army may award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 3742 of 
such title to First Lieutenant Melvin M. Spruiell of the Army for the 
acts of valor during World War II described in subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of First Lieutenant Melvin M. Spruiell 
on June 10 and 11, 1944, as a member of the Army serving in France with 
the 377th Parachute Field Artillery, 101st Airborne Division.

          Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 591. BURIAL OF CREMATED REMAINS IN ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY OF 
              CERTAIN PERSONS WHOSE SERVICE IS DEEMED TO BE ACTIVE 
              SERVICE.

    (a) In General.--Section 2410 of title 38, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c)(1) The Secretary of the Army shall ensure that under such 
regulations as the Secretary may prescribe, the cremated remains of any 
person described in paragraph (2) are eligible for inurnment in 
Arlington National Cemetery with military honors in accordance with 
section 1491 of title 10.
    ``(2) A person described in this paragraph is a person whose 
service has been determined to be active duty service pursuant to 
section 401 of the GI Bill Improvement Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-202; 
38 U.S.C. 106 note) as of the date of the enactment of this 
paragraph.''.
    (b) Applicability.--
            (1) In general.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
        apply with respect to--
                    (A) the remains of a person that are not formally 
                interred or inurned as of the date of the enactment of 
                this Act; and
                    (B) a person who dies on or after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act.
            (2) Formally interred or inurned defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``formally interred or inurned'' means 
        interred or inurned in a cemetery, crypt, mausoleum, 
        columbarium, niche, or other similar formal location.
    (c) Report on Capacity of Arlington National Cemetery.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees on Veterans' 
Affairs and the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a report on the interment and inurnment 
capacity of Arlington National Cemetery, including--
            (1) the estimated date that the Secretary determines the 
        cemetery will reach maximum interment and inurnment capacity; 
        and
            (2) in light of the unique and iconic meaning of the 
        cemetery to the United States, recommendations for legislative 
        actions and nonlegislative options that the Secretary 
        determines necessary to ensure that the maximum interment and 
        inurnment capacity of the cemetery is not reached until well 
        into the future, including such actions and options with 
        respect to--
                    (A) redefining eligibility criteria for interment 
                and inurnment in the cemetery; and
                    (B) considerations for additional expansion 
                opportunities beyond the current boundaries of the 
                cemetery.

SEC. 592. REPRESENTATION FROM MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON BOARDS, 
              COUNCILS, AND COMMITTEES MAKING RECOMMENDATIONS RELATING 
              TO MILITARY PERSONNEL ISSUES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 190. Representation on boards, councils, and committees making 
              recommendations relating to military personnel issues
    ``(a) Representation Required.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
of law, any board, council, or committee established under this chapter 
that is responsible for making any recommendation relating to any 
military personnel issue affecting enlisted members of the armed forces 
shall include representation on the board, council, or committee from 
enlisted members of the armed forces or retired enlisted members of the 
armed forces.
    ``(b) Military Personnel Issues.--For purposes of this section, 
military personnel issues include issues relating to health care, 
retirement benefits, pay, direct and indirect compensation, and 
entitlements for members of the armed forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``190. Representation on boards, councils, and committees making 
                            recommendations relating to military 
                            personnel issues.''.

SEC. 593. BODY MASS INDEX TEST.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall review--
            (1) the current body mass index test procedure used by the 
        Armed Forces; and
            (2) other methods to measure body fat with a more holistic 
        health and wellness approach.
    (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) address nutrition counseling;
            (2) determine the best methods to be used by the Armed 
        Forces to assess body fat percentages; and
            (3) improve the accuracy of body fat measurements.

SEC. 594. PRESEPARATION COUNSELING REGARDING OPTIONS FOR DONATING BRAIN 
              TISSUE AT TIME OF DEATH FOR RESEARCH.

    Section 1142(b)(11) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, and 
information concerning options available to the member for registering 
at or following separation to donate brain tissue at time of the 
member's death for research regarding traumatic brain injury and 
chronic traumatic encephalopathy''.

SEC. 595. RECOGNITION OF THE EXPANDED SERVICE OPPORTUNITIES AVAILABLE 
              TO FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THE LONG 
              SERVICE OF WOMEN IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    Congress--
            (1) honors women who have served, and who are currently 
        serving, as members of the Armed Forces;
            (2) commends female members of the Armed Forces who have 
        sacrificed their lives in defense of the United States;
            (3) recognizes that female members of the Armed Forces are 
        an integral and invaluable part of the Armed Forces;
            (4) urges the Secretary of Defense to ensure that female 
        members of the Armed Forces receive adequate, well-fitted 
        equipment in order to ensure optimal safety and protection;
            (5) urges the Secretary of Defense to ensure that female 
        members of the Armed Forces have access to adequate health 
        services that fully address their specific medical needs;
            (6) encourages the Secretary of Defense to develop new 
        initiatives focused on recruiting and retaining more women in 
        the officer corps; and
            (7) recognizes that the United States must continue to 
        encourage and support female members of the Armed Forces as 
        they fight for and defend the United States.

SEC. 596. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING PLIGHT OF MALE VICTIMS OF 
              MILITARY SEXUAL TRAUMA.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the plight of male victims of 
military sexual trauma remains in the shadows due a lack of social 
awareness on the issue of male victimization.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of Defense should--
            (1) enhance victims' access to intensive medical and mental 
        health treatment for military sexual trauma treatment;
            (2) look for opportunities to utilize male survivors of 
        sexual assault as presenters during annual Sexual Assault 
        Preventions and Response training; and
            (3) ensure Department of Defense medical and mental health 
        providers are adequately trained to meet the needs of male 
        survivors of military sexual trauma.

SEC. 597. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING SECTION 504 OF TITLE 10, UNITED 
              STATES CODE, ON EXISTING AUTHORITY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE TO ENLIST INDIVIDUALS, NOT OTHERWISE ELIGIBLE FOR 
              ENLISTMENT, WHOSE ENLISTMENT IS VITAL TO THE NATIONAL 
              INTEREST.

    It is the sense of Congress that a statute currently exists, 
specifically paragraph (2) of section 504(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, which states that ``the Secretary concerned may authorize the 
enlistment of a person not described in paragraph (1) [of that section] 
if the Secretary determines that such enlistment is vital to the 
national interest''.

SEC. 598. PROTECTION OF SECOND AMENDMENT RIGHTS OF MILITARY FAMILIES.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Protect Our 
Military Families' 2nd Amendment Rights Act''.
    (b) Residency of Spouses of Members of the Armed Forces to Be 
Determined on the Same Basis as the Residency of Such Members for 
Purposes of Federal Firearms Laws.--Section 921(b) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) For purposes of this chapter:
            ``(1) A member of the Armed Forces on active duty and the 
        spouse of such a member are residents of the State in which the 
        permanent duty station of the member is located.
            ``(2) The spouse of such a member may satisfy the 
        identification document requirements of this chapter by 
        presenting--
                    ``(A) the military identification card issued to 
                the spouse; and
                    ``(B) the official Permanent Change of Station 
                Orders annotating the spouse as being authorized for 
                collocation, or an official letter from the commanding 
                officer of the member verifying that the member and the 
                spouse are collocated at the permanent duty station of 
                the member.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (b) shall 
apply to conduct engaged in after the 6-month period that begins with 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 599. PILOT PROGRAM ON ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY FOR ALCOHOL ABUSE 
              PREVENTION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall establish a pilot 
program to demonstrate the feasibility of using portable, disposable 
alcohol breathalyzers and a cloud based server platform to collect data 
and monitor the progress of alcohol abuse prevention programs through 
the use of digital applications.
    (b) Elements.--In carrying out the pilot program under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) select at least three locations at which to carry out 
        the program, including at least one military service initial 
        training location;
            (2) at each location selected under paragraph (1), include 
        at least one active duty unit with no less than 300 personnel 
        and one reserve unit with no less than 300 personnel; and
            (3) offer participation in the pilot program on a voluntary 
        basis.
    (c) Duration.--The pilot program under subsection (a) shall be 
operational for a minimum of 6 months and shall terminate not later 
than September 30, 2018.
    (d) Reports Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives--
            (1) not later than 120 days after the date of the 
        implementation of the pilot program under subsection (a), a 
        report on the implementation of the program; and
            (2) not later than one year after the date of the 
        implementation of the program, a report on the program, 
        including findings and recommendations of the Secretary with 
        respect to the benefits of using advanced technology as part of 
        alcohol abuse prevention efforts within the military services.
    (e) Funding.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out the pilot 
program under subsection (a) using amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for Alcohol Abuse Prevention Programs as specified in the 
funding tables in division D.

SEC. 599A. REPORT ON AVAILABILITY OF COLLEGE CREDIT FOR SKILLS ACQUIRED 
              DURING MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretaries of Veterans Affairs, Education, and Labor, shall submit 
to Congress a report on the transfer of skills into equivalent college 
credits or technical certifications for members of the Armed Forces 
leaving the military. Such report shall describe each the following:
            (1) Each skill that may be acquired during military service 
        that is eligible for transfer into an equivalent college credit 
        or technical certification.
            (2) The academic level of the equivalent college credit or 
        technical certification for which each such skill is eligible.
            (3) Each academic institution that awards an equivalent 
        college credit or technical certification for such skills, 
        including--
                    (A) whether each such academic institution is 
                public or private and whether such institution is for 
                profit; and
                    (B) the number of veterans that applied to such 
                academic institutions who were able to receive 
                equivalent college credits or technical certifications 
                in the last fiscal year, and the academic level of the 
                credits or certifications.
            (4) The number of members of the Armed Forces who left the 
        military in the last fiscal year and the number of those 
        individuals who met with an academic or technical training 
        advisor as part of their participation in the Transition 
        Assistance Program.

SEC. 599B. ATOMIC VETERANS SERVICE MEDAL.

    (a) Service Medal Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design 
and produce a military service medal, to be known as the ``Atomic 
Veterans Service Medal'', to honor retired and former members of the 
Armed Forces who are radiation-exposed veterans (as such term is 
defined in section 1112(c)(3) of title 38, United States Code).
    (b) Distribution of Medal.--
            (1) Issuance to retired and former members.--At the request 
        of a radiation-exposed veteran, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        issue the Atomic Veterans Service Medal to the veteran.
            (2) Issuance to next-of-kin.--In the case of a radiation-
        exposed veteran who is deceased, the Secretary may provide for 
        issuance of the Atomic Veterans Service Medal to the next-of-
        kin of the person.
            (3) Application.--The Secretary shall prepare and 
        disseminate as appropriate an application by which radiation-
        exposed veterans and their next-of-kin may apply to receive the 
        Atomic Veterans Service Medal.

SEC. 599C. REPORT ON EXTENDING PROTECTIONS FOR STUDENT LOANS FOR ACTIVE 
              DUTY BORROWERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Education, shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report detailing the information, 
assistance, and efforts to support and inform active duty members of 
the Armed Forces with respect to the rights and resources available 
under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.) 
regarding student loans. The report shall include, at a minimum, the 
following:
            (1) A description of the coordination and information 
        sharing between the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
        Education regarding the eligibility of members, and requests by 
        members, to apply the interest rate limitation under the 
        Servicemembers Civil Relief Act with respect to existing 
        Federal and private student loans.
            (2) The number of such members with student loans who elect 
        to have the maximum interest rates set in accordance with such 
        Act.
            (3) The number of such members whose student loans have an 
        interest rate that exceeds such maximum rate.
            (4) Methods by which the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Education can automate the process by which 
        members with student loans elect to have the maximum interest 
        rates set in accordance with such Act.
            (5) A discussion of the effectiveness of such Act in 
        providing protection to members of the Armed Forces with 
        respect to student loans.
    (b) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
            (1) The congressional defense committees.
            (2) The Committee on Education and the Workforce of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.

SEC. 599D. EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN REIMBURSEMENTS OF MEDICAL EXPENSES AND 
              OTHER PAYMENTS FROM DETERMINATION OF ANNUAL INCOME WITH 
              RESPECT TO PENSIONS FOR VETERANS AND SURVIVING SPOUSES 
              AND CHILDREN OF VETERANS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1503(a) of title 38, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (12) as 
        paragraphs (7) through (13), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
        paragraph (6):
            ``(6) payments regarding reimbursements of any kind 
        (including insurance settlement payments) for medical expenses 
        resulting from any accident, theft, loss, or casualty loss (as 
        defined by the Secretary), but the amount excluded under this 
        clause shall not exceed the costs of medical care provided to 
        the victim of the accident, theft, loss, or casualty loss.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 599E. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON DESIRABILITY OF SERVICE-WIDE ADOPTION 
              OF GOLD STAR INSTALLATION ACCESS CARD.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of each military 
department and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard 
is operating should--
            (1) provide for the issuance of a Gold Star Installation 
        Access Card to Gold Star family members who are the survivors 
        of deceased members of the Armed Forces in order to expedite 
        the ability of a Gold Star family member to gain unescorted 
        access to military installations for the purpose of obtaining 
        the on-base services and benefits for which the Gold Star 
        family member is entitled or eligible;
            (2) work jointly to ensure that a Gold Star Installation 
        Access Card issued to a Gold Star family member by one Armed 
        Force is accepted for access to military installations of 
        another Armed Force; and
            (3) in developing, issuing, and accepting the Gold Star 
        Installation Access Card--
                    (A) prevent fraud in the procurement or use of the 
                Gold Star Installation Access Card;
                    (B) limit installation access to those areas that 
                provide the services and benefits for which the Gold 
                Star family member is entitled or eligible; and
                    (C) ensure that the availability and use of the 
                Gold Star Installation Access Card does not adversely 
                affect military installation security.

SEC. 599F. SERVICEMEMBERS' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE.

    Section 1967(f)(4) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the second sentence.

SEC. 599G. EXTENSION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM.

    Section 10219(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2017'' and inserting ``October 1, 2018''.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF MONTHLY BASIC PAY.

    The adjustment in the rates of monthly basic pay required by 
subsection (a) of section 1009 of title 37, United States Code, to be 
made on January 1, 2017, shall take effect, notwithstanding any 
determination made by the President under subsection (e) of such 
section with respect to an alternative pay adjustment to be made on 
such date.

SEC. 602. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN RATES 
              OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN 
              CIRCUMSTANCES.

    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.

SEC. 603. PROHIBITION ON PER DIEM ALLOWANCE REDUCTIONS BASED ON THE 
              DURATION OF TEMPORARY DUTY ASSIGNMENT OR CIVILIAN TRAVEL.

    (a) Members.--Section 474(d)(3) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
Secretary of a military department shall not alter the amount of the 
per diem allowance, or the maximum amount of reimbursement, for a 
locality based on the duration of the temporary duty assignment in the 
locality of a member of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the 
Secretary.''.
    (b) Civilian Employees.--Section 5702(a)(2) of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sentence: ``The Secretary of Defense shall not alter the amount of the 
per diem allowance, or the maximum amount of reimbursement, for a 
locality based on the duration of the travel in the locality of an 
employee of the Department.''.
    (c) Repeal of Policy and Regulations.--The policy, and any 
regulations issued pursuant to such policy, implemented by the 
Secretary of Defense on November 1, 2014, with respect to reductions in 
per diem allowances based on duration of temporary duty assignment or 
civilian travel shall have no force or effect.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
        reenlistment bonus.
            (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
        affiliation or enlistment bonus.
            (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
        members assigned to certain high-priority units.
            (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve 
        enlistment bonus for persons without prior service.
            (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
        and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
            (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve 
        enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior 
        service.
            (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
        expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
        distance.
            (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments 
        for reserve component members experiencing extended and 
        frequent mobilization for active duty service.

SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
        bonuses for psychologists.
            (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        registered nurses.
            (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay 
        for nurse anesthetists.
            (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
        Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
        specialties.
            (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        dental officers.
            (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for 
        pharmacy officers.
            (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for 
        medical officers in critically short wartime specialties.
            (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
        specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.

SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
              NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
        qualified officers extending period of active service.
            (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
        bonus.
            (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
        incentive bonus.

SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
              CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS 
              AUTHORITIES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for nuclear officers.
            (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
        cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.

SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
              OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017'':
            (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
        bonus.
            (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
            (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for 
        active members.
            (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
            (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members 
        of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language 
        proficiency.
            (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
        officers in critical skills.
            (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
        conversion to military occupational specialty to ease personnel 
        shortage.
            (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for 
        transfer between Armed Forces.
            (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
        candidates.

SEC. 616. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF AVIATION SPECIAL PAYS FOR 
              FLYING DUTY.

    Section 334(c)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the following new 
subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) aviation incentive pay under subsection (a) 
                shall be paid at a monthly rate not to exceed $1,000 
                per month; and
                    ``(B) an aviation bonus under subsection (b) may 
                not exceed $60,000 for each 12-month period of 
                obligated service agreed to under subsection (d).''.

SEC. 617. CONFORMING AMENDMENT TO CONSOLIDATION OF SPECIAL PAY, 
              INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS AUTHORITIES.

    Section 332(c)(1)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$12,000'' and inserting ``$20,000''.

SEC. 618. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS RELATING TO 2008 
              CONSOLIDATION OF CERTAIN SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Family Care Plans.--Section 586 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 
991 note) is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after ``section 310''.
    (b) Dependents' Medical Care.--Section 1079(g)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after ``section 
310''.
    (c) Retention on Active Duty During Disability Evaluation 
Process.--Section 1218(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``or 351'' after ``section 310''.
    (d) Storage Space.--Section 362(1) of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
U.S.C. 2825 note) is amended by inserting ``, or paragraph (1) or (3) 
of section 351(a),'' after ``section 310''.
    (e) Student Assistance Programs.--Sections 455(o)(3)(B) and 
465(a)(2)(D) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
1087e(o)(3)(B), 1087ee(a)(2)(D)) are amended by inserting ``or 
paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a).'' after ``section 310''.
    (f) Armed Forces Retirement Home.--Section 1512(a)(3)(A) of the 
Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 412(a)(3)(A)) is 
amended by inserting ``or 351'' after ``section 310''.
    (g) Veterans of Foreign Wars Membership.--Section 230103(3) of 
title 36, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after 
``section 310''.
    (h) Military Pay and Allowances.--Title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in section 212(a), by inserting ``, or paragraph (1) or 
        (3) of section 351(a),'' after ``section 310'';
            (2) in section 402a(b)(3)(B), by inserting ``or 351'' after 
        ``section 310'';
            (3) in section 481a(a), by inserting ``or 351'' after 
        ``section 310'';
            (4) in section 907(d)(1)(H), by inserting ``or 351'' after 
        ``section 310''; and
            (5) in section 910(b)(2)(B), by inserting ``, or paragraph 
        (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after ``section 310''.
    (i) Exclusions From Income for Purpose of Supplemental Security 
Income.--Section 1612(b)(20) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
1382a(b)(20)) is amended by inserting ``, or paragraph (1) or (3) of 
section 351(a),'' after ``section 310''.
    (j) Exclusions From Income for Purpose of Head Start Program.--
Section 645(a)(3)(B)(i) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 
9840(a)(3)(B)(i)) is amended by inserting ``or 351'' after ``section 
310''.
    (k) Exclusions From Gross Income for Federal Income Tax Purposes.--
Section 112(c)(5)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by 
inserting ``, or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a),'' after 
``section 310''.

SEC. 619. COMBAT-RELATED SPECIAL COMPENSATION COORDINATING AMENDMENT.

    Subparagraph (B) of section 1413a(b)(3) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``the amount equal to'' and all that 
follows through ``creditable service multiplied'' and inserting the 
following: ``the amount equal to the retired pay multiplier determined 
for the member under section 1409 of this title multiplied''.

       Subtitle C--Disability, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 621. SEPARATION DETERMINATIONS FOR MEMBERS PARTICIPATING IN THRIFT 
              SAVINGS PLAN.

    The amendment to be made by section 632(c)(2) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 847) shall not take effect.

SEC. 622. CONTINUATION PAY FOR FULL THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN MEMBERS WHO 
              HAVE COMPLETED 8 TO 12 YEARS OF SERVICE.

    (a) Continuation Pay.--Section 356 of title 37, United States Code, 
which shall take effect on January 1, 2018, pursuant to section 635 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 129 Stat. 851), is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``12 years'' and inserting 
        ``8 to 12 years'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) has completed not less than 8 and not more than 12 
        years of service in a uniformed service; and''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``an additional 4 
                years'' and inserting ``not less than 3 additional 
                years'';
            (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Payment Amount.--The Secretary concerned shall determine the 
payment amount under this section as a multiple of a full TSP member's 
monthly basic pay but shall not be less than 2.5 times the member's 
monthly basic pay. The maximum amount the Secretary concerned may pay 
the member under this section is--
            ``(1) in the case of a member of a regular component or in 
        a reserve component if the member is performing active Guard 
        and Reserve duty (as defined in section 101(d)(6) of title 10), 
        13 times the amount of the monthly basic pay payable to the 
        member for the month during which the agreement under 
        subsection (a)(2) is entered into; and
            ``(2) in the case of any member not covered by paragraph 
        (1), 6 times the amount of monthly basic pay to which the 
        member would be entitled for the month during which the 
        agreement under subsection (a)(2) is entered into if the member 
        were serving on active duty at the time the agreement is 
        entered into.''; and
            (4) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:
    ``(d) Timing of Payment.--The Secretary concerned shall pay 
continuation pay under subsection (a) to a full TSP member when the 
member has completed not less than 8 and not more than 12 years of 
service in a uniformed service.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The item relating to section 356 in the 
table of sections at the beginning of chapter 5 of title 37, United 
States Code, which shall take effect on January 1, 2018, pursuant to 
section 635 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 851), is amended by striking ``12 
years'' and inserting ``8 to 12 years''.

SEC. 623. SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY ALLOWANCE.

    (a) Payment Amount Per Fiscal Year.--Paragraph (2)(I) of section 
1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2017 and 
2018''.
    (b) Duration.--Paragraph (6) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and inserting 
        ``September 30, 2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``October 1, 2017'' both places it appears 
        and inserting ``October 1, 2018''.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the dependency and indemnity 
compensation offset under sections 1450(c) of title 10, United States 
Code. The report shall include the following:
            (1) The total number of individuals affected by such 
        offset.
            (2) Of the number of individuals covered under paragraph 
        (1), the number who are covered by section 1448(d) of title 10, 
        United States Code, listed by the rank of the deceased member 
        and the current age of the individual.
            (3) Of the number of individuals under paragraph (1), the 
        number who are not covered by section 1448(d) of title 10, 
        United States Code, listed by the rank of the deceased member 
        and the current age of the individual.
            (4) The average amount of money that is affected by such 
        offset, including the average amounts with respect to--
                    (A) individuals described in paragraph (2); and
                    (B) individuals described in paragraph (3).
            (5) The number of recipients for the special survivor 
        indemnity allowance under section 1450(m) of title 10, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 624. EQUAL BENEFITS UNDER SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN FOR SURVIVORS OF 
              RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS WHO DIE IN THE LINE OF DUTY 
              DURING INACTIVE-DUTY TRAINING.

    (a) Treatment of Inactive-Duty Training in Same Manner as Active 
Duty.--Section 1451(c)(1)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in clause (i)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or 1448(f)'' after ``section 
                1448(d)''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or (iii)'' after ``clause 
                (ii)''; and
            (2) in clause (iii)--
                    (A) by striking ``section 1448(f) of this title'' 
                and inserting ``section 1448(f)(1)(A) of this title by 
                reason of the death of a member or former member not in 
                line of duty''; and
                    (B) by striking ``active service'' and inserting 
                ``service''.
    (b) Consistent Treatment of Dependent Children.--Paragraph (2) of 
section 1448(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(2) Dependent children annuity.--
                    ``(A) Annuity when no eligible surviving spouse.--
                In the case of a person described in paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary concerned shall pay an annuity under this 
                subchapter to the dependent children of that person 
                under section 1450(a)(2) of this title as applicable.
                    ``(B) Optional annuity when there is an eligible 
                surviving spouse.--The Secretary may pay an annuity 
                under this subchapter to the dependent children of a 
                person described in paragraph (1) under section 
                1450(a)(3) of this title, if applicable, instead of 
                paying an annuity to the surviving spouse under 
                paragraph (1), if the Secretary concerned, in 
                consultation with the surviving spouse, determines it 
                appropriate to provide an annuity for the dependent 
                children under this paragraph instead of an annuity for 
                the surviving spouse under paragraph (1).''.
    (c) Deemed Elections.--Section 1448(f) of title 10, United States 
Code, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(5) Deemed election to provide an annuity for 
        dependent.--Paragraph (6) of subsection (d) shall apply in the 
        case of a member described in paragraph (1) who dies after 
        November 23, 2003, when no other annuity is payable on behalf 
        of the member under this subchapter.''.
    (d) Availability of Special Survivor Indemnity Allowance.--Section 
1450(m)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``or (f)'' after ``subsection (d)''.
    (e) Application of Amendments.--
            (1) Payment.--No annuity benefit under subchapter II of 
        chapter 73 of title 10, United States Code, shall accrue to any 
        person by reason of the amendments made by this section for any 
        period before the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Elections.--For any death that occurred before the date 
        of the enactment of this Act with respect to which an annuity 
        under such subchapter is being paid (or could be paid) to a 
        surviving spouse, the Secretary concerned may, within six 
        months of that date and in consultation with the surviving 
        spouse, determine it appropriate to provide an annuity for the 
        dependent children of the decedent under paragraph 
        1448(f)(2)(B) of title 10, as added by subsection (b)(1), 
        instead of an annuity for the surviving spouse. Any such 
        determination and resulting change in beneficiary shall be 
        effective as of the first day of the first month following the 
        date of the determination.

SEC. 625. USE OF MEMBER'S CURRENT PAY GRADE AND YEARS OF SERVICE, 
              RATHER THAN FINAL RETIREMENT PAY GRADE AND YEARS OF 
              SERVICE, IN A DIVISION OF PROPERTY INVOLVING DISPOSABLE 
              RETIRED PAY.

    (a) Use of Current Pay Grade Required.--Section 1408(a)(4) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph 
(A) by inserting after ``member is entitled'' the following: ``(to be 
determined using the member's pay grade and years of service at the 
time of the court order, rather than the member's pay grade and years 
of service at the time of retirement, unless the same)''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall apply with respect to any division of property as part of a final 
decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal separation 
involving a member of the Armed Forces to which section 1408 of title 
10, United States Code, applies that becomes final after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

    Subtitle D--Commissary and Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                        Benefits and Operations

SEC. 631. PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT OF ACCESS TO AND SAVINGS AT 
              COMMISSARIES AND EXCHANGES.

    (a) Optimization Strategy.--Section 2481(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a 
comprehensive strategy to optimize management practices across the 
defense commissary system and the exchange system that reduce reliance 
of those systems on appropriated funding without reducing benefits to 
the patrons of those systems or the revenue generated by 
nonappropriated fund entities or instrumentalities of the Department of 
Defense for the morale, welfare, and recreation of members of the armed 
forces.
    ``(B) The Secretary shall ensure that savings generated due to such 
optimization practices are shared by the defense commissary system and 
the exchange system through contracts or agreements that appropriately 
reflect the participation of the systems in the development and 
implementation of such practices.
    ``(C) If the Secretary determines that the reduced reliance on 
appropriated funding pursuant to subparagraph (A) is insufficient to 
maintain the benefits to the patrons of the defense commissary system, 
and if the Secretary converts the defense commissary system to a 
nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality pursuant to paragraph 
(1) of section 2484(j) of this title, the Secretary shall transfer 
appropriated funds pursuant to paragraph (2) of such section to ensure 
the maintenance of such benefits.
    ``(4) On not less than a quarterly basis, the Secretary shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
defense commissary system, including--
            ``(A) an assessment of the savings the system provides 
        patrons;
            ``(B) the status of implementing section 2484(i) of this 
        title;
            ``(C) the status of implementing section 2484(j), including 
        whether the system requires any appropriated funds pursuant to 
        paragraph (2) of such section;
            ``(D) the status of carrying out a program for such system 
        to sell private label merchandise; and
            ``(E) any other matters the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.''.
    (b) Authorization to Supplement Appropriations Through Business 
Optimization.--Section 2483(c) of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new sentence: ``Such appropriated amounts may 
also be supplemented with additional funds derived from improved 
management practices implemented pursuant to sections 2481(c)(3) and 
2487(c) of this title and the variable pricing program implemented 
pursuant to section 2484(i) of this title.''.
    (c) Variable Pricing Pilot Program.--Section 2484 of such title is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(i) Variable Pricing Program.--(1) Notwithstanding subsection 
(e), and subject to subsection (k), the Secretary may establish a 
variable pricing program pursuant to which prices may be established in 
response to market conditions and customer demand, in accordance with 
the requirements of this subsection. Notwithstanding the amount of the 
uniform surcharge assessed in subsection (d), the Secretary may provide 
for an alternative surcharge of not more than five percent of sales 
proceeds under such variable pricing program to be made available for 
the purposes specified in subsection (h).
    ``(2) Subject to subsection (k), before establishing a variable 
pricing program under this subsection, the Secretary shall establish 
the following:
            ``(A) Specific, measurable benchmarks for success in the 
        provision of high quality grocery merchandise, discount savings 
        to patrons, and levels of customer satisfaction while achieving 
        savings for the Department of Defense.
            ``(B) A baseline of overall savings to patrons achieved by 
        commissary stores prior to the initiation of the variable 
        pricing program, based on a comparison of prices charged by 
        those stores on a regional basis with prices charged by 
        relevant local competitors for a representative market basket 
        of goods.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall ensure that the defense commissary system 
implements the variable pricing program by conducting price comparisons 
using the methodology established for paragraph (2)(B) and adjusting 
pricing as necessary to ensure that pricing in the variable pricing 
program achieves overall savings to patrons that are consistent with 
the baseline savings established for the relevant region pursuant to 
such paragraph.
    ``(j) Conversion to Nonappropriated Fund Entity or 
Instrumentality.--(1) Subject to subsection (k), if the Secretary 
determines that the variable pricing program has met the benchmarks for 
success established pursuant to paragraph (2)(A) of subsection (i) and 
the savings requirements established pursuant to paragraph (3) of such 
subsection over a period of at least six months, the Secretary may 
convert the defense commissary system to a nonappropriated fund entity 
or instrumentality, with operating expenses financed in whole or in 
part by receipts from the sale of products and the sale of services. 
Upon such conversion, appropriated funds shall be transferred to the 
defense commissary system only in accordance with paragraph (2) or 
section 2491 of this title. The requirements of section 2483 shall not 
apply to the defense commissary system operating as a nonappropriated 
fund entity or instrumentality.
    ``(2) If the Secretary determines that the defense commissary 
system operating as a nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality is 
likely to incur a loss in any fiscal year as a result of compliance 
with the savings requirement established in subsection (i), the 
Secretary shall authorize a transfer of appropriated funds available 
for such purpose to the commissary system in an amount sufficient to 
offset the anticipated loss. Any funds so transferred shall be 
considered to be nonappropriated funds for such purpose.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may identify positions of 
employees in the defense commissary system who are paid with 
appropriated funds whose status may be converted to the status of an 
employee of a nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality.
    ``(B) The status and conversion of employees in a position 
identified by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) shall be addressed 
as provided in section 2491(c) for employees in morale, welfare, and 
recreation programs, including with respect to requiring the consent of 
such employee to be so converted.
    ``(C) No individual who is an employee of the defense commissary 
system as of the date of the enactment of this subsection shall suffer 
any loss of or decrease in pay as a result of a conversion made under 
this paragraph.
    ``(k) Oversight Required to Ensure Continued Benefit to Patrons.--
(1) With respect to each action described in paragraph (2), the 
Secretary may not carry out such action until--
            ``(A) the Secretary provides to the congressional defense 
        committees a briefing on such action, including a justification 
        for such action; and
            ``(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed following such 
        briefing.
    ``(2) The actions described in this paragraph are the following:
            ``(A) Establishing the representative market basket of 
        goods pursuant to subsection (i)(2)(B).
            ``(B) Establishing the variable pricing program under 
        subsection (i)(1).
            ``(C) Converting the defense commissary system to a 
        nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality under subsection 
        (j)(1).''.
    (d) Establishment of Common Business Practices.--Section 2487 of 
such title is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Common Business Practices.--(1) Notwithstanding subsections 
(a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense may establish common business 
processes, practices, and systems--
            ``(A) to exploit synergies between the defense commissary 
        system and the exchange system; and
            ``(B) to optimize the operations of the defense retail 
        systems as a whole and the benefits provided by the 
        commissaries and exchanges.
    ``(2) The Secretary may authorize the defense commissary system and 
the exchange system to enter into contracts or other agreements--
            ``(A) for products and services that are shared by the 
        defense commissary system and the exchange system; and
            ``(B) for the acquisition of supplies, resale goods, and 
        services on behalf of both the defense commissary system and 
        the exchange system.
    ``(3) For the purpose of a contract or agreement authorized under 
paragraph (2), the Secretary may--
            ``(A) use funds appropriated pursuant to section 2483 of 
        this title to reimburse a nonappropriated fund entity or 
        instrumentality for the portion of the cost of a contract or 
        agreement entered by the nonappropriated fund entity or 
        instrumentality that is attributable to the defense commissary 
        system; and
            ``(B) authorize the defense commissary system to accept 
        reimbursement from a nonappropriated fund entity or 
        instrumentality for the portion of the cost of a contract or 
        agreement entered by the defense commissary system that is 
        attributable to the nonappropriated fund entity or 
        instrumentality.''.
    (e) Authority for Expert Commercial Advice.--Section 2485 of such 
title is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Expert Commercial Advice.--The Secretary of Defense may enter 
into a contract with an entity to obtain expert commercial advice, 
commercial assistance, or other similar services not otherwise carried 
out by the Defense Commissary Agency, to implement section 2481(c), 
subsections (i) and (j) of section 2484, and section 2487(c) of this 
title.''.
    (f) Clarification of References to ``the Exchange System''.--
Section 2481(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new sentence: ``Any reference in this chapter 
to `the exchange system' shall be treated as referring to each separate 
administrative entity within the Department of Defense through which 
the Secretary of Defense has implemented the requirement under this 
subsection for a world-wide system of exchange stores.''.
    (g) Operation of Defense Commissary System as a Nonappropriated 
Fund Entity.--In the event that the defense commissary system is 
converted to a nonappropriated fund entity or instrumentality as 
authorized by section 2484(j)(1) of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (c) of this section, the Secretary may--
            (1) provide for the transfer of commissary assets, 
        including inventory and available funds, to the nonappropriated 
        fund entity or instrumentality; and
            (2) ensure that revenues accruing to the defense commissary 
        system are appropriately credited to the nonappropriated fund 
        entity or instrumentality.
    (h) Conforming Change.--Section 2643(b) of such title is amended by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Such appropriated funds 
may be supplemented with additional funds derived from improved 
management practices implemented pursuant to sections 2481(c)(3) and 
2487(c) of this title.''.

SEC. 632. ACCEPTANCE OF MILITARY STAR CARD AT COMMISSARIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
            (1) commissary stores accept as payment the Military Star 
        Card; and
            (2) any financial liability of the United States relating 
        to such acceptance as payment be assumed by the Army and Air 
        Force Exchange Service.
    (b) Military Star Card Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Military Star Card'' means a credit card administered under the 
Exchange Credit Program by the Army and Air Force Exchange Service.

   Subtitle E--Travel and Transportation Allowances and Other Matters

SEC. 641. MAXIMUM REIMBURSEMENT AMOUNT FOR TRAVEL EXPENSES OF MEMBERS 
              OF THE RESERVES ATTENDING INACTIVE DUTY TRAINING OUTSIDE 
              OF NORMAL COMMUTING DISTANCES.

    Section 478a(c) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The amount'' and inserting the following: 
        ``(1) Except as provided by paragraph (2), the amount''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may authorize, on a case-by-case 
basis, a higher reimbursement amount for a member under subsection (a) 
when the member--
            ``(A) resides--
                    ``(i) in the same State as the training location; 
                and
                    ``(ii) outside of an urbanized area with a 
                population of 50,000 or more, as determined by the 
                Bureau of the Census; and
            ``(B) is required to commute to a training location--
                    ``(i) using an aircraft or boat on account of 
                limited or nonexistent vehicular routes to the training 
                location or other geographical challenges; or
                    ``(ii) from a permanent residence located more than 
                75 miles from the training location.''.

SEC. 642. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RECOVERY OF 
              AMOUNTS OWED TO THE UNITED STATES BY MEMBERS OF THE 
              UNIFORMED SERVICES, INCLUDING RETIRED AND FORMER MEMBERS.

    Section 1007(c)(3) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
    ``(C)(i) In accordance with clause (ii), if the indebtedness of a 
member of the uniformed services to the United States occurs, through 
no fault of the member, as a result of the overpayment of pay or 
allowances to the member or upon the settlement of the member's 
accounts, the Secretary concerned may not recover the indebtedness from 
the member, including a retired or former member, using deductions from 
the pay of the member, deductions from retired or separation pay, or 
any other collection method unless recovery of the indebtedness 
commences before the end of the 10-year period beginning on the date on 
which the indebtedness was incurred.
    ``(ii) Clause (i) applies with respect to cases of indebtedness 
that incur on or after October 1, 2027.
    ``(D)(i) Not later than January 1 of each of years 2017 through 
2027, the Director of the Defense Finance and Accounting Service shall 
review all cases occurring during the 10-year period prior to the date 
of the review of indebtedness of a member of the uniformed services, 
including a retired or former member, to the United States in which--
            ``(I) the recovery of the indebtedness commenced after the 
        end of the 10-year period beginning on the date on which the 
        indebtedness was incurred; or
            ``(II) the Director did not otherwise notify the member of 
        such indebtedness during such 10-year period.
    ``(ii) The Director shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees and the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate each review conducted under clause (i), 
including the amounts owed to the United States by the members included 
in such review.''.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

        Subtitle A--Reform of TRICARE and Military Health System

SEC. 701. TRICARE PREFERRED AND OTHER TRICARE REFORM.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) TRICARE preferred.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1074n the 
        following new section:
``Sec. 1075. TRICARE Preferred
    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) Not later than January 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall establish a self-managed, preferred-provider 
network option under the TRICARE program. Such option shall be known as 
`TRICARE Preferred'.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall establish TRICARE Preferred in all areas. 
Under TRICARE Preferred, eligible beneficiaries will not have 
restrictions on the freedom of choice of the beneficiary with respect 
to health care providers.
    ``(b) Enrollment Eligibility.--(1) The beneficiary categories for 
purposes of eligibility to enroll in TRICARE Preferred and cost sharing 
requirements applicable to such category are as follows:
            ``(A) An `active-duty family member' category that consists 
        of beneficiaries who are covered by section 1079 of this title 
        (as dependents of active duty members).
            ``(B) A `retired' category that consists of beneficiaries 
        covered by subsection (c) of section 1086 of this title, other 
        than Medicare-eligible beneficiaries described in subsection 
        (d)(2) of such section.
            ``(C) A `reserve and young adult' category that consists of 
        beneficiaries who are covered by--
                    ``(i) section 1076d of this title;
                    ``(ii) section 1076e; or
                    ``(iii) section 1110b.
    ``(2) A covered beneficiary who elects to participate in TRICARE 
Preferred shall enroll in such option under section 1099 of this title.
    ``(c) Cost-sharing Requirements.--The cost sharing requirements 
under TRICARE Preferred are as follows:
            ``(1) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-duty 
        family member category or the retired category by reason of 
        being a member or former member of the uniformed services who 
        originally enlists or is appointed in the uniformed services on 
        or after January 1, 2018, or by reason of being a dependent of 
        such a member, the cost sharing requirements shall be 
        calculated pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
            ``(2)(A) Except as provided by subsection (e), with respect 
        to beneficiaries described in subparagraph (B) in the active-
        duty family member category or the retired category, the cost 
        sharing requirements shall be calculated as if the beneficiary 
        were enrolled in TRICARE Extra or TRICARE Standard as if 
        TRICARE Extra or TRICARE Standard, as the case may be, were 
        still being carried out by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph are 
        beneficiaries who are eligible to enroll in the TRICARE program 
        by reason of being a member or former member of the uniformed 
        services who originally enlists or is appointed in the 
        uniformed services before January 1, 2018, or by reason of 
        being a dependent of such a member.
            ``(3) With respect to beneficiaries in the reserve and 
        young adult category, the cost sharing requirements shall be 
        calculated pursuant to subsection (d)(1) as if the beneficiary 
        were in the active-duty family member category or the retired 
        category, as applicable, except that the premiums calculated 
        pursuant to sections 1076d, 1076e, or 1110b of this title, as 
        the case may be, shall apply instead of any enrollment fee 
        required under this section.
    ``(d) Cost-sharing Amounts for Certain Beneficiaries.--(1) 
Beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(1) enrolled in TRICARE 
Preferred shall be subject to cost-sharing requirements in accordance 
with the amounts and percentages under the following table during 
calendar year 2018 and as such amounts are adjusted under paragraph (2) 
for subsequent years:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     ``TRICARE         Active-Duty Family Member   (Individual/
     Preferred                         Family)                             Retired   (Individual/Family)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual Enrollment   $300 / $600                                    $425 / $850
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual deductible   $0                                             $0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Annual   $1,000                                         $3,000
  catastrophic cap
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Outpatient visit   $15 primary care                               $25 primary care
 civilian network
                    $25 specialty care                             $40 specialty care
                    .............................................  .............................................
                    Out of network: 20%                            25% of out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ER visit civilian   $40 network                                    $60 network
           network
                    20% out of network                             .............................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Urgent care   $20 network                                    $40 network
  civilian network
                    20% out of network                             25% out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulatory surgery  $40 network                                    $80 network
  civilian network
                    20% out of network                             25% out of network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulance civilian  $15                                            $25
           network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Durable medical   10%                                            20%
         equipment
  civilian network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Inpatient visit   $60 per network admission                      $125 per admission network
  civilian network
                    .............................................  .............................................
                    20% out of network                             25% out of net work
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient skilled   $20 per day network                            $50 per day network
     nursing/rehab
          civilian
                    $50 per day out of network                     $300 per day or 20% of billed charges out of
                                                                    network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``(2) Each dollar amount expressed as a fixed dollar amount in the 
table set forth in paragraph (1), and the amounts determined under 
subsection (e), shall be annually indexed to the amount by which 
retired pay is increased under section 1401a of this title, rounded to 
the next lower multiple of $1. The remaining amount above such multiple 
of $1 shall be carried over to, and accumulated with, the amount of the 
increase for the subsequent year or years and made when the aggregate 
amount of increases carried over under this clause for a year is $1 or 
more.
    ``(3) Enrollment fees, deductible amounts, and catastrophic caps 
under this section are on a calendar-year basis.
    ``(e) Exceptions to Certain Cost-sharing Amounts for Certain 
Beneficiaries Eligible Prior to 2018.--(1) Subject to paragraph (3), 
and in accordance with subsection (d)(2), the Secretary shall establish 
an annual enrollment fee for beneficiaries described in subsection 
(c)(2)(B) in the retired category who enroll in TRICARE Preferred 
(other than such beneficiaries covered by paragraph (2)). Such 
enrollment fee shall be $100 for an individual and $200 for a family.
    ``(2) The enrollment fee established pursuant to paragraph (1) for 
beneficiaries described in subsection (c)(2)(B) in the retired category 
shall not apply with respect to the following beneficiaries:
            ``(A) Retired members and the family members of such 
        members covered by paragraph (1) of section 1086(c) of this 
        title by reason of being retired under chapter 61 of this title 
        or being a dependent of such a member.
            ``(B) Survivors covered by paragraph (2) of such section 
        1086(c).
    ``(3) The Secretary may not establish an annual enrollment fee 
under paragraph (1) until 90 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Comptroller General of the United States is required to 
submit the review under paragraph (4).
    ``(4) Not later than February 1, 2020, the Comptroller General of 
the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the House of Representatives and the Senate a review of the following:
            ``(A) Whether health care coverage for covered 
        beneficiaries has changed since the enactment of this section.
            ``(B) Whether covered beneficiaries are able to obtain 
        appointments for health care according to the access standards 
        established by the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(C) The percent of network providers that accept new 
        patients under the TRICARE program.
            ``(D) The satisfaction of beneficiaries under TRICARE 
        Preferred.
    ``(f) Publication of Measures.--As part of the administration of 
TRICARE Prime and TRICARE Preferred, the Secretary shall publish on a 
publically available Internet website of the Department of Defense data 
on all measures required by section 711 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017. The published measures shall be 
updated not less frequently than quarterly.
    ``(g) Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed as 
affecting the availability of TRICARE Prime and TRICARE for Life.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section, terms `active-duty family 
member category', `retired category', and `reserve and young adult 
category' mean the respective categories of TRICARE Preferred 
enrollment described in subsection (b).''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1074n, 
        the following new item:

``1075. TRICARE Preferred.''.
    (b) TRICARE Prime Cost Sharing.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 1075, as added by 
        subsection (a), the following new section:
``Sec. 1075a. TRICARE Prime: cost sharing
    ``(a) Cost-sharing Requirements.--The cost sharing requirements 
under TRICARE Prime are as follows:
            ``(1) There are no cost-sharing requirements for 
        beneficiaries who are covered by section 1074(a) of this title.
            ``(2) With respect to beneficiaries in the active-duty 
        family member category or the retired category (as described in 
        section 1075(b)(1) of this title) by reason of being a member 
        or former member of the uniformed services who originally 
        enlists or is appointed in the uniformed services on or after 
        January 1, 2018, or by reason of being a dependent of such a 
        member, the cost-sharing requirements shall be calculated 
        pursuant to subsection (b)(1).
            ``(3)(A) With respect to beneficiaries described in 
        subparagraph (B) in the active-duty family member category or 
        the retired category (as described in section 1075(b)(1) of 
        this title), the cost-sharing requirements shall be calculated 
        in accordance with the other provisions of this chapter without 
        regard to subsection (b).
            ``(B) Beneficiaries described in this subparagraph are 
        beneficiaries who are eligible to enroll in the TRICARE program 
        by reason of being a member or former member of the uniformed 
        services who originally enlists or is appointed in the 
        uniformed services before January 1, 2018, or by reason of 
        being a dependent of such a member.
    ``(b) Cost-sharing Amounts.--(1) Beneficiaries described in 
subsection (a)(2) enrolled in TRICARE Prime shall be subject to cost-
sharing requirements in accordance with the amounts and percentages 
under the following table during calendar year 2018 and as such amounts 
are adjusted under paragraph (2) for subsequent years:


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Active-Duty Family Member
          ``TRICARE Prime                    (Individual/Family)               Retired   (Individual/Family)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual Enrollment                   $180 / $360                            $325 / $650
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual deductible                   No1                                    No1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Annual catastrophic cap             $1,000                                 $3,000 per family
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Outpatient visit civilian network   $0 with authorization                  $20 primary care
                                                                          --------------------------------------
                                    .....................................  $30 specialty care
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ER visit civilian network           $0                                     $50 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Urgent care civilian network        $0                                     $30 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulatory surgery civilian         $0 with authorization                  $60 network with authorization
 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ambulance civilian network          $0                                     $20
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Durable medical equipment civilian  $0 with authorization                  20%
 network
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient visit civilian network    $0 with authorization                  $100 network per admission with
                                                                            authorization
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inpatient skilled nursing/rehab     $0 with authorization                  $30 per day network with
 civilian                                                                   authorization
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1: Deductibles and cost-sharing does apply to TRICARE Prime beneficiaries that seek care in the civilian network
  care through the point-of-service option (without a referral). Annual deductible is $300 individual and $600
  family. Cost-sharing for covered inpatient and outpatient services are 50% of the TRICARE allowable charges.

    ``(2) Each dollar amount expressed as a fixed dollar amount in the 
table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be annually indexed to the 
amount by which retired pay is increased under section 1401a of this 
title, rounded to the next lower multiple of $1. The remaining amount 
above such multiple of $1 shall be carried over to, and accumulated 
with, the amount of the increase for the subsequent year or years and 
made when the aggregate amount of increases carried over under this 
clause for a year is $1 or more.
    ``(3) Enrollment fees, deductible amounts, and catastrophic caps 
under this section are on a calendar-year basis.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1075, 
        as added by subsection (a), the following new item:

``1075a. TRICARE Prime: cost sharing.''.
    (c) Portability.--Section 1073 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Portability in Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that the enrollment status of covered beneficiaries is portable 
between or among TRICARE program regions of the United States and that 
effective procedures are in place for automatic electronic transfer of 
information between or among contractors responsible for administration 
in such regions and prompt communication with such beneficiaries. Each 
covered beneficiary enrolled in TRICARE Prime who has relocated the 
beneficiary's primary residence to a new area in which enrollment in 
TRICARE Prime is available shall be able to obtain a new primary health 
care manager or provider within 10 days of the relocation and 
associated request for such manager or provider.''.
    (d) Termination of TRICARE Standard and TRICARE Extra.--Beginning 
on January 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense may not carry out TRICARE 
Standard and TRICARE Extra under the TRICARE program. The Secretary 
shall ensure that any individual who is covered under TRICARE Standard 
or TRICARE Extra as of December 31, 2017, enrolls in TRICARE Prime, 
TRICARE Preferred, or TRICARE for Life, as the case may be, as of 
January 1, 2018, for the individual to continue coverage under the 
TRICARE program.
    (e) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than June 1, 2017, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives and the Senate an implementation 
        plan to improve access to health care for TRICARE beneficiaries 
        pursuant to the amendments made by this section.
            (2) Elements.--The plan under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) ensure that at least 85 percent of the 
                beneficiary population under TRICARE Preferred is 
                covered by the network by January 1, 2018;
                    (B) establish access standards for appointments for 
                health care;
                    (C) establish mechanisms for monitoring compliance 
                with access standards;
                    (D) establish health care provider-to-beneficiary 
                ratios;
                    (E) monitor on a monthly basis complaints by 
                beneficiaries with respect to network adequacy and the 
                availability of health care providers;
                    (F) establish requirements for mechanisms to 
                monitor the responses to complaints by beneficiaries;
                    (G) mechanisms to evaluate the quality metrics of 
                the network providers established under section 711;
                    (H) any recommendations for legislative action the 
                Secretary determines necessary to carry out the plan; 
                and
                    (I) any other elements the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
    (f) GAO Reviews.--
            (1) Implementation plan.--Not later than December 1, 2017, 
        the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate a review of the implementation 
        plan of the Secretary under paragraph (1) of subsection (e), 
        including an assessment of the adequacy of the plan in meeting 
        the elements specified in paragraph (2) of such subsection.
            (2) Network.--Not later than September 1, 2017, the 
        Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
        review of the network established under TRICARE Extra, 
        including the following:
                    (A) An identification of the percent of 
                beneficiaries who are covered by the network.
                    (B) An assessment of the extent to which 
                beneficiaries are able to obtain appointments under 
                TRICARE extra.
                    (C) The percent of network providers under TRICARE 
                Extra that accept new patients under the TRICARE 
                program.
                    (D) An assessment of the satisfaction of 
                beneficiaries under TRICARE Extra.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The terms ``uniformed services'', ``covered 
        beneficiary'', ``TRICARE Extra'', ``TRICARE for Life'', 
        ``TRICARE Prime'', and ``TRICARE Standard'' have the meaning 
        given those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
        Code, as amended by subsection (h).
            (2) The term ``TRICARE Preferred'' means the self-managed, 
        preferred-provider network option under the TRICARE program 
        established by section 1075 of such title, as added by 
        subsection (a).
    (h) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) In general.--Title 10, United States Code, is amended 
        as follows:
                    (A) Section 1072 is amended--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting 
                        the following:
            ``(7) The term `TRICARE program' means the various programs 
        carried out by the Secretary of Defense under this chapter and 
        any other provision of law providing for the furnishing of 
        medical and dental care and health benefits to members and 
        former members of the uniformed services and their dependents, 
        including the following health plan options:
                    ``(A) TRICARE Prime.
                    ``(B) TRICARE Preferred.
                    ``(C) TRICARE for Life.''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        paragraphs:
            ``(11) The term `TRICARE Extra' means the preferred 
        provider option of the TRICARE program made available prior to 
        January 1, 2018, under which TRICARE Standard beneficiaries may 
        obtain discounts on cost-sharing as a result of using TRICARE 
        network providers.
            ``(12) The term `TRICARE Preferred' the self-managed, 
        preferred-provider network option under the TRICARE program 
        established by section 1075 of this title.
            ``(13) The term `TRICARE for Life' means the Medicare 
        wraparound coverage option of the TRICARE program made 
        available to the beneficiary by reason of section 1086(d) of 
        this title.
            ``(14) The term `TRICARE Prime' means the managed care 
        option of the TRICARE program.
            ``(15) The term `TRICARE Standard' means the TRICARE 
        program made available prior to January 1, 2018, covering--
                    ``(A) medical care to which a dependent described 
                in section 1076(a)(2) of this title is entitled; and
                    ``(B) health benefits contracted for under the 
                authority of section 1079(a) of this title and subject 
                to the same rates and conditions as apply to persons 
                covered under that section.''.
                    (B) Section 1076d is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting 
                        after ``coverage.'' the following: ``Such 
                        premium shall apply instead of any enrollment 
                        fees required under section 1075 of this 
                        section.''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (f), by striking 
                        paragraph (2) and inserting the following new 
                        paragraph:
            ``(2) The term `TRICARE Reserve Select' means the TRICARE 
        Preferred self-managed, preferred-provider network option under 
        section 1075 made available to beneficiaries by reason of this 
        section and in accordance with subsection (d)(1).''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``TRICARE Standard'' each 
                        place it appears (including in the heading of 
                        such section) and inserting ``TRICARE Reserve 
                        Select''.
                    (C) Section 1076e is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (d)(1), by inserting 
                        after ``coverage.'' the following: ``Such 
                        premium shall apply instead of any enrollment 
                        fees required under section 1075 of this 
                        section.''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (f), by striking 
                        paragraph (2) and inserting the following new 
                        paragraph:
            ``(2) The term `TRICARE Retired Reserve' means the TRICARE 
        Preferred self-managed, preferred-provider network option under 
        section 1075 made available to beneficiaries by reason of this 
        section and in accordance with subsection (d)(1).'';
                            (iii) in subsection (b), by striking 
                        ``TRICARE Standard coverage at'' and inserting 
                        ``TRICARE coverage at''; and
                            (iv) by striking ``TRICARE Standard'' each 
                        place it appears (including in the heading of 
                        such section) and inserting ``TRICARE Retired 
                        Reserve''.
                    (D) Section 1079a is amended--
                            (i) in the section heading, by striking 
                        ``CHAMPUS'' and inserting ``TRICARE program''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``the Civilian Health and 
                        Medical Program of the Uniformed Services'' and 
                        inserting ``the TRICARE program''.
                    (E) Section 1099(c) is amended by striking 
                paragraph (2) and inserting the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(2) A plan under the TRICARE program.''.
                    (F) Section 1110b(c)(1) is amended by inserting 
                after ``(b).'' the following: ``Such premium shall 
                apply instead of any enrollment fees required under 
                section 1075 of this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        further amended--
                    (A) in the item relating to section 1076d, by 
                striking ``TRICARE Standard'' and inserting ``TRICARE 
                Reserve Select'';
                    (B) in the item relating to section 1076e, by 
                striking ``TRICARE Standard'' and inserting ``TRICARE 
                Retired Reserve''; and
                    (C) in the item relating to section 1079a, by 
                striking ``CHAMPUS'' and inserting ``TRICARE program''.
            (3) Conforming style.--Any new language inserted or added 
        to title 10, United States Code, by an amendment made by this 
        subsection shall conform to the typeface and typestyle of the 
        matter in which the language is so inserted or added.
    (i) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
with respect to the provision of health care under the TRICARE program 
beginning on January 1, 2018.

SEC. 702. REFORM OF ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY AND 
              MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Administration.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 1073b the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 1073c. Administration of Defense Health Agency and military 
              medical treatment facilities
    ``(a) Administration of Military Medical Treatment Facilities.--(1) 
Beginning October 1, 2018, the Director of the Defense Health Agency 
shall be responsible for the administration of each military medical 
treatment facility, including with respect to--
            ``(A) budgetary matters;
            ``(B) information technology;
            ``(C) health care administration and management;
            ``(D) administrative policy and procedure; and
            ``(E) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        appropriate.
    ``(2) The commander of each military medical treatment facility 
shall be responsible for--
            ``(A) ensuring the readiness of the members of the armed 
        forces and civilian employees at such facility; and
            ``(B) furnishing the health care and medical treatment 
        provided at such facility.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall establish within the Defense 
Health Agency a professional staff serving in senior executive service 
positions to carry out this subsection. The Secretary may carry out 
this paragraph by appointing the positions specified in subsections (b) 
and (c).
    ``(b) DHA Assistant Director.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may 
establish in the Defense Health Agency an Assistant Director for Health 
Care Administration. If so established, the Assistant Director shall--
            ``(A) be a career appointee within the senior executive 
        service of the Department; and
            ``(B) report directly to the Director of the Defense Health 
        Agency.
    ``(2) If established under paragraph (1), the Assistant Director 
shall be appointed from among individuals who have equivalent education 
and experience as a chief executive officer leading a large, civilian 
health care system.
    ``(3) If established under paragraph (1), the Assistant Director 
shall be responsible for the following:
            ``(A) Establishing priorities for health care 
        administration and management.
            ``(B) Establishing policies and procedures for the 
        provision of direct care at military medical treatment 
        facilities.
            ``(C) Establishing priorities for budgeting matters with 
        respect to the provision of direct care at military medical 
        treatment facilities.
            ``(D) Establishing policies and procedures for clinic 
        management and operations at military medical treatment 
        facilities.
            ``(E) Establishing priorities for information technology at 
        and between the military medical treatment facilities.
    ``(c) DHA Deputy Assistant Directors.--(1)(A) The Secretary of 
Defense may establish in the Defense Health Agency a Deputy Assistant 
Director for Information Operations.
    ``(B) If established under subparagraph (A), the Deputy Assistant 
Director for Information Operations shall be responsible for management 
and execution of information technology operations at and between the 
military medical treatment facilities.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense may establish in the Defense 
Health Agency a Deputy Assistant Director for Financial Operations.
    ``(B) If established under subparagraph (A), the Deputy Assistant 
Director for Financial Operations shall be responsible for the 
management and execution of budgeting matters and financial management 
with respect to the provision of direct care at military medical 
treatment facilities.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may establish in the Defense 
Health Agency a Deputy Assistant Director for Health Care Operations.
    ``(B) If established under subparagraph (A), the Deputy Assistant 
Director for Health Care Operations shall be responsible for the 
execution of health care administration and management in the military 
medical treatment facilities.
    ``(4)(A) The Secretary of Defense may establish in the Defense 
Health Agency a Deputy Assistant Director for Medical Affairs.
    ``(B) If established under subparagraph (A), the Deputy Assistant 
Director for Medical Affairs shall be responsible for the management 
and leadership of clinical quality and process improvement, patient 
safety, infection control, graduate medical education, clinical 
integration, utilization review, risk management, patient experience, 
and civilian physician recruiting.
    ``(5) Each Deputy Assistant Director appointed under paragraphs (1) 
through (4) shall--
            ``(A) be a career appointee within the senior executive 
        service of the Department; and
            ``(B) report directly to the Assistant Director for Health 
        Care Administration.
    ``(d) DHA Deputy Director.--(1) In addition to the other duties of 
the Joint Staff Surgeon, the Joint Staff Surgeon shall serve as the 
Deputy Director for Combat Support of the Defense Health Agency.
    ``(2) The responsibilities of the Deputy Director shall include the 
following:
            ``(A) Ensuring that the Defense Health Agency meets the 
        operational needs of the commanders of the combatant commands.
            ``(B) Coordinating with the military departments to ensure 
        that the staffing at the military medical treatment facilities 
        support readiness requirements for members of the armed forces 
        and health care personnel.
            ``(C) Serving as the link between the commanders of the 
        combatant commands and the Defense Health Agency.
    ``(e) Appointments.--In carrying out subsection (a)(3), including 
with respect to establishing positions under subsections (b) and (c), 
the Secretary shall make appointments under such subsections--
            ``(1) by not later than October 1, 2018; and
            ``(2) by not increasing the number of full-time equivalent 
        employees of the Defense Health Agency.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `career appointee' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 3132(a)(4) of title 5.
            ``(2) The term `Defense Health Agency' means the Defense 
        Agency established pursuant to Department of Defense Directive 
        5136.13, or such successor Defense Agency.
            ``(3) The term `senior executive service' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2101a of title 5.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 1073b the following new item:

``1073c. Administration of Defense Health Agency and military medical 
                            treatment facilities.''.
    (b) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
        plan to implement section 1073c of title 10, United States 
        Code, as added by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The plan developed under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) How the Secretary will carry out subsection (a) 
                of such section 1073c.
                    (B) Efforts to minimize potentially duplicative 
                activities carried out by the elements of the Defense 
                Health Agency.
                    (C) Efforts to maximize efficiencies in the 
                activities carried out by the Defense Health Agency.
                    (D) How the Secretary will implement such section 
                1073 in a manner that does not increase the number of 
                full-time equivalent employees of the headquarters 
                activities of the military health system as of the date 
                of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report containing--
                    (A) a preliminary draft of the plan developed under 
                subsection (b)(1); and
                    (B) any recommendations for legislative actions the 
                Secretary determines necessary to carry out the plan.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report containing the final version of the plan developed 
        under subsection (b)(1).
            (3) Comptroller general reviews.--
                    (A) The Comptroller General of the United States 
                shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
                            (i) a review of the preliminary draft of 
                        the plan submitted under paragraph (1) by not 
                        later than September 1, 2017; and
                            (ii) a review of the final version of the 
                        plan submitted under paragraph (2) by not later 
                        than September 1, 2018.
                    (B) Each review of the plan conducted under 
                paragraph (A) shall determine whether the Secretary has 
                addressed the required elements for the plan under 
                subsection (b)(2).

SEC. 703. MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Administration.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, as amended by section 702, is further amended by 
        inserting after section 1073c the following new section:
``Sec. 1073d. Military medical treatment facilities
    ``(a) In General.--To support the medical readiness of the armed 
forces and the readiness of medical personnel, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall maintain the military medical treatment facilities 
described in subsections (b), (c), and (d).
    ``(b) Medical Centers.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall maintain 
medical centers in areas with a large population of members of the 
armed forces and covered beneficiaries.
    ``(2) Medical centers shall serve as referral facilities for 
members and covered beneficiaries who require comprehensive health care 
services that support medical readiness.
    ``(3) Medical centers shall consist of the following:
            ``(A) Inpatient and outpatient tertiary care facilities 
        that incorporate specialty and subspecialty care.
            ``(B) Graduate medical education programs.
            ``(C) Residency training programs.
            ``(D) Level one or level two trauma care capabilities.
    ``(c) Hospitals.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall maintain 
hospitals in areas where civilian health care facilities are unable to 
support the health care needs of members of the armed forces and 
covered beneficiaries.
    ``(2) Hospitals shall provide--
            ``(A) inpatient and outpatient health services to maintain 
        medical readiness; and
            ``(B) such other programs and functions as the Secretary 
        determines appropriate.
    ``(3) Hospitals shall consist of inpatient and outpatient care 
facilities with limited specialty care that the Secretary determines--
            ``(A) is cost effective; or
            ``(B) is not available at civilian health care facilities 
        in the area of the hospital.
    ``(d) Ambulatory Care Centers.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
maintain ambulatory care centers in areas where civilian health care 
facilities are able to support the health care needs of members of the 
armed forces and covered beneficiaries.
    ``(2) Ambulatory care centers shall provide the outpatient health 
services required to maintain medical readiness, including with respect 
to partnerships established pursuant to section 707 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
    ``(3) Ambulatory care centers shall consist of outpatient care 
facilities with limited specialty care that the Secretary determines--
            ``(A) is cost effective; or
            ``(B) is not available at civilian health care facilities 
        in the area of the ambulatory care center.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter, as amended by section 702, is 
        further amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
        1073c the following new item:

``1073d. Military medical treatment facilities.''.
    (b) Update of Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in collaboration 
        with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall update 
        the report described in paragraph (2) to address the 
        restructuring or realignment of military medical treatment 
        facilities pursuant to section 1073d of title 10, United States 
        Code, as added by subsection (a), including with respect to any 
        expansions or consolidations of such facilities.
            (2) Report described.--The report described in this 
        paragraph is the Military Health System Modernization Study 
        dated May 29th, 2015, required by section 713(a)(2) of the Carl 
        Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
        Stat. 3414).
            (3) Submission.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees the updated 
        report under paragraph (1).
    (c) Implementation Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees an 
        implementation plan to restructure or realign the military 
        medical treatment facilities pursuant to section 1073d of title 
        10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The implementation plan under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) With respect to each military medical treatment 
                facility--
                            (i) whether the facility will be realigned 
                        or restructured under the plan;
                            (ii) whether the functions of such facility 
                        will be expanded or consolidated;
                            (iii) the costs of such realignment or 
                        restructuring;
                            (iv) a description of any changes to the 
                        military and civilian personnel assigned to 
                        such facility as of the date of the plan;
                            (v) a timeline for such realignment or 
                        restructuring; and
                            (vi) the justifications for such 
                        realignment or restructuring, including an 
                        assessment of the capacity of the civilian 
                        health care facilities located near such 
                        facility.
                    (B) A description of the relocation of the graduate 
                medical education programs and the residency programs.

SEC. 704. ACCESS TO URGENT CARE UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1077 the following new section:
``Sec. 1077a. Access to military medical treatment facilities and other 
              facilities
    ``(a) Urgent Care.--(1) Beginning not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this section, the Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that military medical treatment facilities, at locations the 
Secretary determines appropriate, provide urgent care services for 
members of the armed forces and covered beneficiaries until 11:00 p.m 
each day.
    ``(2) With respect to areas in which a military medical treatment 
facility covered by paragraph (1) is not located, the Secretary shall 
ensure that members of the armed forces and covered beneficiaries may 
access urgent care clinics that are open during the hours specified in 
such paragraph through the health care provider network under the 
TRICARE program.
    ``(3) A covered beneficiary may access urgent care services without 
the need for preauthorization for such services.
    ``(4) The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) publish information about changes in access to urgent 
        care under the TRICARE program--
                    ``(i) on the primary publicly available Internet 
                website of the Department; and
                    ``(ii) on the primary publicly available website of 
                each military treatment facility; and
            ``(B) ensure that such information is made available on the 
        publically available Internet website of each current managed 
        care contractor that has established a health care provider 
        network under the TRICARE program.
    ``(b) Nurse Advice Line.--The Secretary shall ensure that the nurse 
advice line of the Department directs covered beneficiaries seeking 
access to care to the source of the most appropriate level of health 
care required to treat the medical conditions of the beneficiaries, 
including urgent care services described in subsection (a).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1077 the following new item:

``1077a. Access to military medical treatment facilities and other 
                            facilities''.

SEC. 705. ACCESS TO PRIMARY CARE CLINICS AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
              FACILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1077a of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 704, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Primary Care Clinics.--(1) The Secretary shall ensure that 
primary care clinics at military medical treatment facilities are 
available for members of the armed forces and covered beneficiaries 
between the hours determined appropriate under paragraph (2), including 
with respect to expanded hours described in subparagraph (B) of such 
paragraph.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary shall determine the hours that each primary 
care clinic at a military medical treatment facility is available for 
members of the armed forces and covered beneficiaries based on--
            ``(i) the needs of the military treatment facility to meet 
        the access standards under the TRICARE Prime program; and
            ``(ii) the primary care usage patterns of members and 
        covered beneficiaries at such military medical treatment 
        facility.
    ``(B) The primary care clinic hours at a military medical treatment 
facility determined under subparagraph (A) shall include expanded hours 
beyond regular business hours during weekdays and the weekend if the 
Secretary determines under such subparagraph that sufficient demand 
exists at the military medical treatment facility for such expanded 
primary care clinic hours.''.
    (b) Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
subsection (c) of section 1077a of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a), by not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 706. INCENTIVES FOR VALUE-BASED HEALTH UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1095g the following new section:
``Sec. 1095h. TRICARE program: value-based health care
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may develop and 
implement value-based incentive programs as part of any contract 
awarded under this chapter for the provision of health care services to 
covered beneficiaries to encourage health care providers under the 
TRICARE program (including physicians, hospitals, and other persons and 
facilities involved in providing such health care services) to improve 
the following:
            ``(1) The quality of health care provided to covered 
        beneficiaries under the TRICARE program.
            ``(2) The experience of covered beneficiaries in receiving 
        health care under the TRICARE program.
            ``(3) The health of covered beneficiaries.
    ``(b) Value-based Incentive Programs.--(1) In developing value-
based incentive programs under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) link payments to health care providers under the 
        TRICARE program to improved performance with respect to 
        quality, cost, and reducing the provision of inappropriate 
        care;
            ``(B) consider the characteristics of the population of 
        covered beneficiaries affected by the value-based incentive 
        program;
            ``(C) consider how the value-based incentive program would 
        affect the receipt of health care under the TRICARE program by 
        such covered beneficiaries;
            ``(D) establish or maintain an assurance that such covered 
        beneficiaries will have timely access to health care during the 
        operation of the value-based incentive program;
            ``(E) ensure that such covered beneficiaries do not incur 
        any additional costs by reason of the value-based incentive 
        program; and
            ``(F) consider such other factors as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
    ``(2) With respect to a value-based incentive program developed and 
implemented under subsection (a), the Secretary shall ensure that--
            ``(A) the size, scope, and duration of the value-based 
        incentive program is reasonable in relation to the purpose of 
        the value-based incentive program; and
            ``(B) the value-based incentive program relies on the core 
        quality performance metrics pursuant to section 711 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
    ``(c) Use of Existing Models.--In developing a value-based 
incentive program under subsection (a), the Secretary may adapt a 
value-based incentive program conducted by a TRICARE managed care 
support contractor, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, or 
any other governmental or commercial health care program.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1095g the following new item:

``1095h. TRICARE program: value-based health care.''.
    (c) Briefings.--
            (1) Prior to certain contract modifications.--Not later 
        than 60 days before the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
        modifies a contract awarded under chapter 55 of title 10, 
        United States Code, to implement a value-based incentive 
        program under section 1095h of such title, as added by 
        subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
        Senate (and any other appropriate congressional committee upon 
        request) a briefing on any implementation plan of the Secretary 
        with respect to such a value-based incentive program.
            (2) Annual briefing.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter 
        through 2022, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
        (and any other appropriate congressional committee upon 
        request) a briefing on the quality performance metrics and 
        expenditures relating to a value-based incentive program 
        developed and implemented under section 1095h of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
            (3) Appropriate congressional committees.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
                the Senate.

SEC. 707. IMPROVEMENTS TO MILITARY-CIVILIAN PARTNERSHIPS TO INCREASE 
              ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE AND READINESS.

    (a) Partnership Agreements.--Subsection (a) of section 1096 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Partnership Agreements.--The Secretary of Defense may enter 
into a partnership agreement between facilities of the uniformed 
services and local or regional health care systems if the Secretary 
determines that such an agreement would--
            ``(1) result in the delivery of health care to which 
        covered beneficiaries are entitled under this chapter--
                    ``(A) in a more effective, efficient, or economical 
                manner; and
                    ``(B) at a level of quality at least comparable to 
                the quality of services beneficiaries would receive 
                from a military medical treatment facility; or
            ``(2) provide members of the armed forces with additional 
        training opportunities to maintain readiness requirements.''.
    (b) In General.--Such section 1096 is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (f) and (g), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(c) Criteria.--In entering into an agreement under subsection (a) 
between a facility of the uniformed services and a local or regional 
health care system, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) identify and analyze--
                    ``(A) the health care delivery options provided by 
                the local or regional health care system; and
                    ``(B) the health care services provided by the 
                facility;
            ``(2) assess--
                    ``(A) how such agreement affects the delivery of 
                health care at the facility and the readiness of the 
                members of the uniformed services;
                    ``(B) the viability of the agreement with respect 
                to succeeding on a long-term basis in the local 
                community of the facility; and
                    ``(C) the cost efficiency and effectiveness of the 
                agreement; and
            ``(3) consult with--
                    ``(A) the Secretary concerned;
                    ``(B) representatives from such facility, including 
                the leadership of the installation at which the 
                facility is located, the leadership of the facility, 
                and covered beneficiaries at such installation;
                    ``(C) the TRICARE managed care support contractor 
                with responsibility for such facility;
                    ``(D) officials of the Federal, State, and local 
                governments, as appropriate; and
                    ``(E) representatives from the local or regional 
                health care system.
    ``(d) Local Consortium.--The Secretary shall ensure that an 
agreement entered into under subsection (a) between a facility of the 
uniformed services and a local or regional health care system is 
developed by a consortium representing the community of the facility 
and such health care system.
    ``(e) Biennial Evaluation.--The Secretary of Defense shall evaluate 
each agreement entered into under subsection (a) on a biennial basis 
to--
            ``(1) assess whether the agreement provides increased 
        access to health care for covered beneficiaries;
            ``(2) assess the training opportunities to maintain 
        readiness requirements provided pursuant to such agreement; and
            ``(3) determine whether such agreement should continue.''.
    (c) Removal of Reimbursement Limit for Licensing Fees.--Subsection 
(g) of such section 1096, as redesignated by subsection (a), is amended 
by striking ``up to $500 of''.

SEC. 708. JOINT TRAUMA SYSTEM.

    (a) Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate an implementation plan to 
        establish a Joint Trauma System within the Defense Health 
        Agency that promotes improved trauma care to members of the 
        Armed Forces and other individuals who are eligible to be 
        treated for trauma at a military medical treatment facility.
            (2) Implementation.--The Secretary shall implement the plan 
        under paragraph (1) after a 90-day period has elapsed following 
        the date on which the Comptroller General of the United States 
        is required to submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives and the Senate the review under 
        subsection (c). In implementing such plan, the Secretary shall 
        take into account any recommendation made by the Comptroller 
        General under such review.
    (b) Elements.--The Joint Trauma System described in subsection 
(a)(1) shall include the following elements:
            (1) Serve as the reference body for all trauma care 
        provided across the military health system.
            (2) Establish standards of care for trauma services 
        provided at military medical treatment facilities.
            (3) Coordinate the translation of research from the centers 
        of excellence of the Department of Defense into standards of 
        clinical trauma care.
            (4) Coordinate the incorporation of lessons learned from 
        the trauma education and training partnerships pursuant to 
        section 709 into clinical practice.
    (c) Review.--Not later than 120 days after the date on which the 
Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate the implementation plan under subsection 
(a)(1), the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
such committees a review of such plan to determine if each element 
under subsection (b) is included in such plan.
    (d) Review of Military Trauma System.--In establishing a Joint 
Trauma System, the Secretary of Defense may seek to enter into an 
agreement with a non-governmental entity with subject matter experts 
to--
            (1) conduct a system-wide review of the military trauma 
        system; and
            (2) make publicly available a report containing such review 
        and recommendations to establish a comprehensive trauma system 
        for the Armed Forces.

SEC. 709. JOINT TRAUMA EDUCATION AND TRAINING DIRECTORATE.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate (in this section 
referred to as the ``Directorate'') to ensure that the traumatologists 
of the Armed Forces maintain readiness and are able to be rapidly 
deployed for future armed conflicts. The Secretary shall carry out this 
section in collaboration with the Secretaries of the military 
departments.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of the Directorate are as follows:
            (1) To enter into and coordinate the partnerships under 
        subsection (c).
            (2) To establish the goals of such partnerships necessary 
        for trauma combat casualty care teams led by traumatologists to 
        maintain professional competency in trauma care.
            (3) To establish metrics for measuring the performance of 
        such partnerships in achieving such goals.
            (4) To develop methods of data collection and analysis for 
        carrying out paragraph (3).
            (5) To communicate and coordinate lessons learned from such 
        partnerships with the Joint Trauma System established under 
        section 708.
    (c) Partnerships.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into 
        partnerships with civilian academic medical centers and large 
        metropolitan teaching hospitals that have level I civilian 
        trauma centers.
            (2) Trauma combat casualty care teams.--Under the 
        partnerships entered into with civilian academic medical 
        centers and large metropolitan teaching hospitals under 
        paragraph (1), trauma combat casualty care teams of the Armed 
        Forces led by traumatologists of the Armed Forces shall embed 
        within the trauma centers of the medical centers and hospitals 
        on an enduring basis.
            (3) Selection.--The Secretary shall select civilian 
        academic medical centers and large metropolitan teaching 
        hospitals to enter into partnerships under paragraph (1) based 
        on patient volume, acuity, and other factors the Secretary 
        determines necessary to ensure that the traumatologists of the 
        Armed Forces and the associated clinical support teams have 
        adequate and continuous exposure to critically injured 
        patients.
            (4) Consideration.--In entering into partnerships under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary may consider the experiences and 
        lessons learned by the military departments that have entered 
        into memoranda of understanding with civilian medical centers 
        for trauma care.
    (d) Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an analysis 
to determine the number of traumatologists of the Armed Forces, by 
specialty, that must be maintained within the Department of Defense to 
meet the requirements of the combatant commands.
    (e) Implementation Plan.--Not later than July 1, 2017, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House 
of Representatives and the Senate an implementation plan for 
establishing the Joint Trauma Education and Training Directorate under 
subsection (a) and entering into partnerships under subsection (c).
    (f) Level I Civilian Trauma Center Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``level I civilian trauma center'' means a comprehensive regional 
resource that is a tertiary care facility central to the trauma system 
and is capable of providing total care for every aspect of injury from 
prevention through rehabilitation.

SEC. 710. IMPROVEMENTS TO ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE IN MILITARY MEDICAL 
              TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) First Call Resolution.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
        standard processes to ensure that, in the case of a beneficiary 
        contacting a military medical treatment facility over the 
        telephone for, at a minimum, scheduling an appointment, 
        requesting a prescription drug refill, and other matters 
        determined appropriate by the Secretary, the needs of the 
        beneficiary are met during the first such telephone call.
            (2) Metrics.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) develop metrics, collect data, and evaluate the 
                performance of the processes implemented under 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) carry out satisfaction surveys to monitor the 
                satisfaction of beneficiaries with such processes, 
                including with respect to the satisfaction regarding 
                access to appointments and patient care.
    (b) Appointment Scheduling.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall implement standard 
        processes to schedule beneficiaries for appointments at 
        military medical treatment facilities.
            (2) Elements.--The standard processes implemented under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Requiring clinics at military medical treatment 
                facilities to allow a beneficiary to schedule an 
                appointment for wellness visits or follow-up 
                appointments during the six-month or longer period 
                beginning on the date of the request for the 
                appointment.
                    (B) A process to remind a beneficiary of future 
                appointments in a manner that the beneficiary prefers, 
                which may include sending postcards to the beneficiary 
                prior to appointments and making reminder telephone 
                calls, emails, or cellular text messages to the 
                beneficiary at specified intervals prior to 
                appointments.
    (c) Appointment Supply and Demand.--
            (1) Productivity.--The Secretary shall implement standards 
        for the productivity of health care providers at military 
        medical treatment facilities. In developing such standards, the 
        Secretary shall consider civilian benchmarks for measuring the 
        productivity of health care providers, the optimal number of 
        appointments (patient contact hours) required to maintain 
        access according to the standards developed by the Secretary, 
        and readiness requirements.
            (2) Managing use of face-to-face appointments.--The 
        Secretary shall implement strategies for managing the use of 
        face-to-face appointments at military medical treatment 
        facilities. Such strategies may include--
                    (A) maximizing the use of telehealth and virtual 
                appointments for beneficiaries at the discretion of the 
                health care provider and the beneficiary;
                    (B) the implementation of remote patient monitoring 
                of chronic conditions to improve outcomes and reduce 
                the number of follow-up appointments for beneficiaries; 
                and
                    (C) maximizing the use of secure messaging between 
                health care providers and beneficiaries to improve the 
                access of beneficiaries to health care and reduce the 
                number of visits for health care needs.
    (d) Implementation.--The Secretary shall implement subsections (a), 
(b), and (c) by not later than February 1, 2017.
    (e) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary shall 
provide the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a briefing on the implementation of 
subsections (a), (b), and (c).
    (f) Beneficiaries Defined.--In this section, the term 
``beneficiaries'' means members of the Armed Forces and covered 
beneficiaries (as defined in section 1072(5) of title 10, United States 
Code).

SEC. 711. ADOPTION OF CORE QUALITY PERFORMANCE METRICS.

    (a) Adoption.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall adopt 
        the core quality performance metrics agreed upon by the Core 
        Quality Measures Collaborative for use by the military health 
        system and in contracts awarded to carry out the TRICARE 
        program.
            (2) Core measures.--The core quality performance metrics 
        described in paragraph (1) shall include the following sets:
                    (A) Accountable care organizations, patient 
                centered medical homes and primary care.
                    (B) Cardiology.
                    (C) Gastroenterology.
                    (D) HIV and hepatitis C.
                    (E) Medical oncology.
                    (F) Obstetrics and gynecology.
                    (G) Orthopedics.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Core Quality Measures Collaborative'' means 
        the collaboration between the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid 
        Services, major health insurance companies, national physician 
        organizations, and other entities to reach consensus on core 
        performance measures reported by health care providers.
            (2) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 712. STUDY ON IMPROVING CONTINUITY OF HEALTH CARE COVERAGE FOR 
              RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study of 
options for providing health care coverage that improves the continuity 
of health care provided to current and former members of the Selected 
Reserve of the Ready Reserve who are not--
            (1) serving on active duty;
            (2) eligible for the Transitional Assistance Management 
        Program under section 1145 of title 10, United States Code; or
            (3) eligible for the Federal Employees Health Benefit 
        Program under chapter 89 of title 5.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall address the 
following:
            (1) Whether to allow current and former members of the 
        Selected Reserve to participate in the Federal Employees Health 
        Benefit Program under chapter 89 of title 5.
            (2) Whether to pay a stipend to current and former members 
        to continue coverage in a health plan obtained by the member.
            (3) Whether to allow current and former members to 
        participate in the TRICARE program under section 1076d of title 
        10, United States Code.
            (4) Whether to allow members of the National Guard assigned 
        to Homeland Response Force Units mobilized for a State 
        emergency pursuant to chapter 9 of title 32, United States 
        Code, to remain eligible for the TRICARE program.
            (5) Any other options for providing health care coverage to 
        current and former members of the Selected Reserve the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the study under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall consult with, and obtain the opinions of, current 
and former members of the Selected Reserve, including the leadership of 
the Selected Reserve.
    (d) Submission.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the study under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the health care coverage 
                options addressed by the Secretary under subsection 
                (b).
                    (B) Identification of such health care coverage 
                option that the Secretary recommends as the best 
                option.
                    (C) The justifications for such recommended best 
                option.
                    (D) The number and proportion of the current and 
                former members of the Selected Reserve projected to 
                participate in such recommended best option.
                    (E) A determination of the appropriate cost sharing 
                for such recommended best option with respect to the 
                percentage contribution as a monthly premium for 
                current members of the Selected Reserve.
                    (F) An estimate of the cost of implementing such 
                recommended best option.
                    (G) Any legislative language required to implement 
                such recommended best option.

                 Subtitle B--Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 721. PROVISION OF HEARING AIDS TO DEPENDENTS OF RETIRED MEMBERS.

    Section 1077 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(16), by striking ``A hearing aid'' 
        and inserting ``Except as provided by subsection (g), a hearing 
        aid''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) In addition to the authority to provide a hearing aid under 
subsection (a)(16), hearing aids may be sold under this section to 
dependents of former members of the uniformed services at cost to the 
United States.''.

SEC. 722. EXTENDED TRICARE PROGRAM COVERAGE FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE 
              NATIONAL GUARD AND DEPENDENTS DURING CERTAIN DISASTER 
              RESPONSE DUTY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1076e the following new section:
``Sec. 1076f. TRICARE program: extension of coverage for certain 
              members of the National Guard and dependents during 
              certain disaster response duty
    ``(a) Extended Coverage.--During a period in which a member of the 
National Guard is performing disaster response duty, the member shall 
be treated as being on active duty for a period of more than 30 days 
for purposes of the eligibility of the member and dependents of the 
member for health care benefits under the TRICARE program if such 
period immediately follows a period in which the member served on full-
time National Guard duty under section 502(f) of title 32, including 
pursuant to chapter 9 of such title, unless the Governor of the State 
(or, with respect to the District of Columbia, the mayor of the 
District of Columbia) determines that such extended eligibility is not 
in the best interest of the member or the State.
    ``(b) Contribution by State.--(1) The Secretary may charge a State 
for the costs of providing coverage under the TRICARE program to 
members of the National Guard of the State and the dependents of the 
members pursuant to subsection (a). Such charges shall be paid from the 
funds of the State or from any other non-Federal funds.
    ``(2) Any amounts received by the Secretary under paragraph (1) 
shall be credited to the appropriation available for the Defense Health 
Program Account under section 1100 of this title, shall be merged with 
sums in such Account that are available for the fiscal year in which 
collected, and shall be available under subsection (b) of such section, 
including to carry out subsection (a) of this section.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `disaster response duty' means duty 
        performed by a member of the National Guard in State status 
        pursuant to an emergency declaration by the Governor of the 
        State (or, with respect to the District of Columbia, the mayor 
        of the District of Columbia) in response to a disaster or in 
        preparation for an imminent disaster.
            ``(2) The term `State' means each of the several States, 
        the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and 
        any territory or possession of the United States.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1076e the following new item:

``1076f. TRICARE program: extension of coverage for certain members of 
                            the National Guard and dependents during 
                            certain disaster response duty.''.

                 Subtitle C--Health Care Administration

SEC. 731. PROSPECTIVE PAYMENT OF FUNDS NECESSARY TO PROVIDE MEDICAL 
              CARE FOR THE COAST GUARD.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 13 of title 14, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 519. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical 
              care
    ``(a) Prospective Payment Required.--In lieu of the reimbursement 
required under section 1085 of title 10, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall make a prospective payment to the Secretary of Defense 
of an amount that represents the actuarial valuation of treatment or 
care--
            ``(1) that the Department of Defense shall provide to 
        members of the Coast Guard, former members of the Coast Guard, 
        and dependents of such members and former members (other than 
        former members and dependents of former members who are a 
        Medicare-eligible beneficiary or for whom the payment for 
        treatment or care is made from the Medicare-Eligible Retiree 
        Health Care Fund) at facilities under the jurisdiction of the 
        Department of Defense or a military department; and
            ``(2) for which a reimbursement would otherwise be made 
        under section 1085.
    ``(b) Amount.--The amount of the prospective payment under 
subsection (a) shall be--
            ``(1) in the case of treatment or care to be provided to 
        members of the Coast Guard and their dependents, derived from 
        amounts appropriated for the operating expenses of the Coast 
        Guard;
            ``(2) in the case of treatment or care to be provided 
        former members of the Coast Guard and their dependents, derived 
        from amounts appropriated for retired pay;
            ``(3) determined under procedures established by the 
        Secretary of Defense;
            ``(4) paid during the fiscal year in which treatment or 
        care is provided; and
            ``(5) subject to adjustment or reconciliation as the 
        Secretaries determine appropriate during or promptly after such 
        fiscal year in cases in which the prospective payment is 
        determined excessive or insufficient based on the services 
        actually provided.
    ``(c) No Prospective Payment When Service in Navy.--No prospective 
payment shall be made under this section for any period during which 
the Coast Guard operates as a service in the Navy.
    ``(d) Relationship to TRICARE.--This section shall not be construed 
to require a payment for, or the prospective payment of an amount that 
represents the value of, treatment or care provided under any TRICARE 
program.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 13 of title 14, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

``519. Prospective payment of funds necessary to provide medical 
                            care.''.
    (c) Repeal.--Section 217 of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 
2016 (Public Law 114-120), as amended by section 3504, and the item 
relating to that section in the table of contents in section 2 of such 
Act, are repealed.

SEC. 732. REQUIREMENT TO REVIEW AND MONITOR PRESCRIBING PRACTICES AT 
              MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES OF PHARMACEUTICAL AGENTS 
              FOR TREATMENT OF POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) conduct a comprehensive review of the prescribing 
        practices at military treatment facilities of pharmaceutical 
        agents for the treatment of post-traumatic stress;
            (2) implement a process or processes to monitor the 
        prescribing practices at military treatment facilities of 
        pharmaceutical agents that are discouraged from use under the 
        VA/DOD Clinical Practice Guideline for Management of Post-
        Traumatic Stress; and
            (3) implement a plan to address any deviations from such 
        guideline in prescribing practices of pharmaceutical agents for 
        management of post-traumatic stress at such facilities.
    (b) Pharmaceutical Agent Defined.--In this section, the term 
``pharmaceutical agent'' has the meaning given that term in section 
1074g(g) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 733. USE OF MEFLOQUINE FOR MALARIA.

    (a) Mefloquine.--In providing health care to members of the Armed 
Forces, the Secretary of Defense shall require--
            (1) that the use of mefloquine for the prophylaxis of 
        malaria be limited to members with intolerance or 
        contraindications to other chemoprophylaxis;
            (2) that mefloquine be prescribed by a licensed medical 
        provider on an individual basis, and
            (3) that members prescribed mefloquine for malaria 
        prophylaxis be counseled by the medical provider about the 
        potential side effects of the drug and be provided the Food and 
        Drug Administration-required patient information handouts.
    (b) Process and Review.--
            (1) Process.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, in providing health care to members of 
        the Armed Forces, the Secretary shall develop a standardized 
        process to document the screening for contraindications and 
        patient education, including a prior authorization form, to be 
        used by all medical providers prescribing mefloquine for 
        malaria prophylaxis.
            (2) Annual review.--The Secretary shall conduct an annual 
        review of each mefloquine prescription at all military medical 
        treatment facilities to evaluate the documentation of the 
        assessment for contraindications, justification for not using 
        other chemoprophylaxis, and patient education for the safe use 
        of mefloquine and its side effects.
    (c) Adverse Health Effects of Mefloquine.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall expand the missions of the Hearing Center of Excellence, the 
Vision Center of Excellence, the Defense Centers of Excellence for 
Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (including the 
Deployment Health Clinical Center), and the Center for Deployment 
Health Research to include, as appropriate, improving the clinical 
evaluation, diagnosis, management, and epidemiological study of adverse 
health effects among members of the Armed Forces following exposure to 
mefloquine.

SEC. 734. APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS.

    (a) Rates of Reimbursement.--
            (1) In general.--In furnishing applied behavior analysis 
        under the TRICARE program to individuals described in paragraph 
        (2) during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, and ending on December 31, 2018, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall ensure that the reimbursement rates for providers 
        of applied behavior analysis are not less than the rates that 
        were in effect on March 31, 2016.
            (2) Individuals described.--Individuals described in this 
        paragraph are individuals who are covered beneficiaries (as 
        defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code) by 
        reason of being a member or former member of the Army, Navy, 
        Air Force, or Marine Corps, including the reserve components 
        thereof, or a dependent of such a member or former member.
    (b) Analysis.--
            (1) In general.--Upon the completion of the Department of 
        Defense Comprehensive Autism Care Demonstration, the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs shall conduct an 
        analysis to--
                    (A) use data gathered during the demonstration to 
                set future reimbursement rates for providers of applied 
                behavior analysis under the TRICARE program; and
                    (B) review comparative commercial insurance claims 
                for purposes of setting such future rates, including 
                by--
                            (i) conducting an analysis of the 
                        comparative total of commercial insurance 
                        claims billed for applied behavior analysis; 
                        and
                            (ii) reviewing any covered beneficiary 
                        limitations on access to applied behavior 
                        analysis services at various military 
                        installations throughout the United States.
            (2) Submission.--The Assistant Secretary shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees the analysis conducted 
        under paragraph (1).
    (c) Funding.--
            (1) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 1405 for the Defense Health Program, as 
        specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4501, 
        for Private Sector Care is hereby increased by $32,000,000.
            (2) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the 
        funding tables in division D, the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated in section 4301 for operation and maintenance, as 
        specified in the corresponding funding table in section 4301, 
        for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Line 300) is hereby 
        reduced by $32,000,000.
    (d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that amounts 
should be appropriated for behavioral health treatment of TRICARE 
beneficiaries, including pursuant to this section, in a manner to 
ensure the appropriate and equitable access to such treatment by all 
such beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 741. MENTAL HEALTH RESOURCES FOR MEMBERS OF THE MILITARY SERVICES 
              AT HIGH RISK OF SUICIDE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
methodology that identifies which members and units of the military 
services are at high risk of suicide.
    (b) Mental Health Resources.--
            (1) High risk members of the military services.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall use the results under subsection (c) 
        to--
                    (A) identify which units have a disproportionately 
                high rate of suicide and suicide attempts; and
                    (B) provide additional preventative and treatment 
                resources for mental health for members of the military 
                services who were deployed with the units identified 
                under subparagraph (A).
            (2) Preventative mental health care.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall use the results under subsection (c) to--
                    (A) identify the circumstances of deployments 
                associated with increased vulnerability to suicide, 
                including the length of deployment, the region and area 
                of deployment, and the nature and extent to which there 
                was contact with enemy forces; and
                    (B) provide additional preventative mental health 
                care to units who currently are, or will be, deployed 
                under circumstances similar to those of subparagraph 
                (A).
            (3) High risk veterans.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
        shall use the results under subsection (c) to provide outreach 
        regarding the available preventative and treatment resources 
        for mental health for enrolled veterans who were deployed with 
        the units identified under this subsection.
    (c) Methodology.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
methodology to assess the rate of suicide and suicide attempts of 
members of the military services of units that have been deployed in 
support of a contingency operation after September 11, 2001.
    (d) Reports.--Not later than September 30, 2017, the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and 
the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate a report on the 
activities carried out under this section and the effectiveness of such 
activities.
    (e) Restriction on Use of Information.--Information disclosed or 
obtained pursuant to the provisions of this section may be used by 
officers, employees, and contractors of the Department of Defense only 
for the purposes of, and to the extent necessary in, carrying out this 
section.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Military services.--The term ``military services'' 
        means the Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Marine Corps, 
        including the reserve components thereof.
            (2) Enrolled veteran.--The term ``enrolled veteran'' means 
        a veteran enrolled in the health care system of the Department 
        of Veterans Affairs.

SEC. 742. RESEARCH OF CHRONIC TRAUMATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2017 for advanced development for 
research, development, test, and evaluation for the Defense Health 
Program, not more than $25,000,000 may be used to award grants to 
medical researchers and universities to support research into early 
detection of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

SEC. 743. ACTIVE OSCILLATING NEGATIVE PRESSURE TREATMENT.

    In furnishing health care and medical treatment to members of the 
Armed Forces who have incurred injuries from improvised explosive 
devices and other blast-related events, the Secretary of Defense shall 
consider using non-invasive technologies that increase blood flow to 
areas of reduced circulation, including through the use of active 
oscillating negative pressure treatment.

SEC. 744. LONG-TERM STUDY ON HEALTH OF HELICOPTER AND TILTROTOR PILOTS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
long-term study of career helicopter and tiltrotor pilots to assess 
potential links between the operation of helicopter and tiltrotor 
aircraft and acute and chronic medical conditions experienced by such 
pilots.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A study of career helicopter and tiltrotor pilots 
        compared to a control population that--
                    (A) takes into account the amount of time such 
                pilots operated aircraft;
                    (B) examines the severity and rates of acute and 
                chronic injuries experienced by such pilots; and
                    (C) determines whether such pilots experience a 
                higher degree of acute and chronic medical conditions 
                than the control population.
            (2) If a higher degree of acute and chronic medical 
        conditions is observed among such pilots, an explanation of--
                    (A) the specific causes of the conditions (such as 
                whole body vibration, seat and cockpit ergonomics, 
                landing loads, hard impacts, and pilot-worn gear); and
                    (B) any costs associated with treating the 
                conditions if the causes are not mitigated.
            (3) A review of relevant scientific literature and prior 
        research.
            (4) Such other information as the Secretary determines to 
        be appropriate.
    (c) Duration.--The duration of the study under subsection (a) shall 
be not more than 2 years.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than June 6, 2017, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives (and other congressional defense committees on request) 
a briefing on the progress of the Secretary in carrying out the study 
under subsection (a).

SEC. 745. PILOT PROGRAM FOR PRESCRIPTION DRUG ACQUISITION COST PARITY 
              IN THE TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority to Establish Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense 
may conduct a pilot program to evaluate whether, in carrying out the 
TRICARE pharmacy benefits program under section 1074g of title 10, 
United States Code, extending additional discounts for prescription 
drugs filled at retail pharmacies will maintain or reduce prescription 
drug costs for the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements of Pilot Program.--In carrying out the pilot program 
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall require that for prescription 
medications, including but not limited to non-generic maintenance 
medications, that are dispensed to retired TRICARE beneficiaries that 
are not Medicare eligible, through any TRICARE participating retail 
pharmacy, including small business pharmacies, manufacturers shall pay 
rebates such that those medications are available to the Department at 
the lowest rate available. In addition to utilizing the authority under 
section 1074g(f) of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary shall 
have the authority to enter into a purchase blanket agreement with 
prescription drug manufactures for supplemental discounts for 
prescription drugs dispensed in the pilot to be paid in the form of 
manufactures rebates.
    (c) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the pilot program in 
consultation with--
            (1) the Secretaries of the military departments, including 
        Army, Navy and Air Force;
            (2) the Chief, Pharmacy Operations Division, of the Defense 
        Health Agency; and
            (3) stakeholders, including TRICARE beneficiaries and 
        retail pharmacies.
    (d) Duration of Pilot Program.--If the Secretary carries out the 
pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall commence such 
pilot program no later than October 1, 2017, and may terminate such 
program no later than September 30, 2018.
    (e) Reports.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot program under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, including the House and Senate 
Committees on Armed Services, reports on the pilot program as follows:
            (1) Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, a report containing an implementation plan for the 
        pilot program.
            (2) Not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
        pilot program commences, an interim report on the pilot 
        program.
            (3) Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
        pilot program terminates, a final report describing the results 
        of the pilot program, including any recommendations of the 
        Secretary to expand such program. The final report will 
        include--
                    (A) an analysis of the changes in prescription drug 
                costs for the Department related to the pilot program;
                    (B) an analysis of the impact on beneficiary access 
                to prescription drugs;
                    (C) a survey of beneficiary satisfaction with the 
                pilot program;
                    (D) a summary of any fraud and abuse activities 
                related to the pilot and actions taken in response by 
                the Department; and
                    (E) a comparison of immunization rates for 
                beneficiaries participating in the pilot and those 
                outside of the pilot.

SEC. 746. STUDY ON DISPLAY OF WAIT TIMES AT URGENT CARE CLINICS, 
              PHARMACIES, AND EMERGENCY ROOMS OF MILITARY MEDICAL 
              TREATMENT FACILITIES.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
        study on the feasibility of placing in a conspicuous location 
        at each urgent care clinic of a military medical treatment 
        facility, pharmacy of such a facility, and emergency room of 
        such a facility an electronic sign that displays the current 
        average wait time for a patient to be seen by a qualified 
        medical professional or to receive a filled prescription, as 
        the case may be.
            (2) Determination of certain wait times.--For purposes of 
        conducting the study under paragraph (1) with respect to urgent 
        care clinics and emergency rooms, the average wait time that 
        would be displayed shall be--
                    (A) determined by calculating, for the four-hour 
                period preceding the calculation, the average length of 
                time beginning at the time of the arrival of a patient 
                and ending at the time at which the patient is first 
                seen by a doctor of medicine, a doctor of osteopathy, a 
                physician assistant, or an advanced registered nurse 
                practitioner; and
                    (B) updated every 30 minutes.
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a report on the study conducted under 
subsection (a)(1), including the estimated costs for displaying the 
wait times as described in such subsection.

SEC. 747. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF INCLUDING ACUPUNCTURE AND 
              CHIROPRACTIC SERVICES FOR RETIREES UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

    Not later than November 1, 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
feasibility of furnishing acupuncture services and chiropractic 
services under the TRICARE program to beneficiaries who are retired 
members of the uniformed services (not including any dependent of such 
a retired member).

SEC. 748. CLARIFICATION OF SUBMISSION OF REPORTS ON LONGITUDINAL STUDY 
              ON TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.

    Section 1080 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) shall 
not apply to reports submitted by the Secretary of Defense to Congress 
under section 721 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2294).

SEC. 749. INCREASED COLLABORATION WITH NIH TO COMBAT TRIPLE NEGATIVE 
              BREAST CANCER.

    The Office of Health of the Department of Defense shall work in 
collaboration with the National Institutes of Health to--
            (1) identify specific genetic and molecular targets and 
        biomarkers for triple negative breast cancer; and
            (2) provide information useful in biomarker selection, drug 
        discovery, and clinical trials design that will enable both--
                    (A) triple negative breast cancer patients to be 
                identified earlier in the progression of their disease; 
                and
                    (B) the development of multiple targeted therapies 
                for the disease.

SEC. 750. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STUDIES ON PREVENTING THE DIVERSION OF 
              OPIOID MEDICATIONS.

    (a) Studies.--With respect to programs of the Department of Defense 
that dispense drugs to patients, the Secretary of Defense (referred to 
in this section as the ``Secretary'') shall study the feasibility, the 
effectiveness in preventing the diversion of opioid medications, and 
the cost-effectiveness of--
            (1) requiring that such programs, in appropriate cases, 
        dispense opioid medications in vials using affordable 
        technologies designed to prevent access to the medications by 
        anyone other than the intended patient, such as a vial with a 
        locking-cap closure mechanism; and
            (2) the Secretary providing education on the risks of 
        opioid medications to individuals for whom such medications are 
        prescribed, and to their families, with special consideration 
        given to raising awareness among adolescents on such risks.
    (b) Feedback.--In conducting the studies under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall seek feedback (on a confidential basis when 
appropriate) from the individuals and entities involved in the studies.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a 
report on the results of the studies conducted under subsection (a).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

Subtitle A--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

SEC. 801. REVISION TO AUTHORITIES RELATING TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              TEST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER.

    Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by striking ``of the Major 
        Range and Test Facility Base, including with respect to the 
        expansion, divestment, consolidation, or curtailment of 
        activities,'' and inserting the following: ``that comprise the 
        Major Range and Test Facility Base and other facilities and 
        resources used to support the acquisition programs of the 
        Department of Defense'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(2)(E)--
                    (A) by striking ``plans and business case analyses 
                supporting any significant modification of'' and 
                inserting ``implementation plans and analyses 
                supporting any significant change to''; and
                    (B) by striking ``including with respect to the 
                expansion, divestment, consolidation, or curtailment of 
                activities'';
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Modifications'' and inserting ``Changes'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``modification of the test'' 
                        and all that follows through ``activities,'' 
                        and inserting ``change of the test and 
                        evaluation facilities and resources that 
                        comprise the Major Range and Test Facility Base 
                        and other facilities and resources used to 
                        support the acquisition programs of the 
                        Department of Defense'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``a 
                        business case analysis for such modification'' 
                        and inserting ``an implementation plan and 
                        analysis, including an analysis of cost 
                        considerations, that supports such a change''; 
                        and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``analysis and approves such modification'' and 
                        inserts ``plan and analysis and approves such 
                        change''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``business case'' 
                and inserting ``implementation plan and''; and
            (4) in subsection (i)--
                    (A) by striking ``In this section, the term'' and 
                inserting ``In this section:
            ``(1) The term''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(2) The term `significant change' means--
                    ``(A) any action that will limit or preclude a test 
                and evaluation capability from fully performing its 
                intended purpose;
                    ``(B) any action that affects the ability of the 
                Department of Defense to conduct test and evaluation in 
                a timely or cost-effective manner; or
                    ``(C) any expansion or addition that develops a new 
                significant test capability.''.

SEC. 802. AMENDMENTS TO RESTRICTIONS ON UNDEFINITIZED CONTRACTUAL 
              ACTIONS.

    (a) Allowable Profit.--Section 2326(e) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B);
            (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The head''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If a contractor submits a qualifying proposal to definitize 
an undefinitized contractual action and the contracting officer for 
such action definitized the contract after the end of the 180-day 
period beginning on the date on which the contractor submitted the 
qualifying proposal, the head of the agency concerned shall ensure that 
the profit allowed on the contract accurately reflects the cost risk of 
the contractor as it existed on the date the contractor submitted the 
qualifying proposal.''.
    (b) Foreign Military Sales.--Section 2326 of such title is further 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (g) and (h), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):
    ``(f) Foreign Military Sales.--A contracting officer of the 
Department of Defense may not enter into an undefinitized contractual 
action for a foreign military sale unless the contractual action 
provides for agreement upon contractual terms, specifications, and 
price by the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date on which 
the contractor submits a qualifying proposal to definitize such terms, 
specifications, and price. This subsection may be waived in the same 
manner as subsection (b) may be waived under subsection (b)(4).''.
    (c) Definitions.--Subsection (h) of such section, as redesignated 
by subsection (b), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A); and
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and 
                (D) as subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively; 
                and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``complete and meaningful 
        audits'' and all that follows through the period and inserting 
        ``a meaningful audit of the information contained in the 
        proposal.''.

SEC. 803. REVISION TO REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO INVENTORY METHOD FOR 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTS FOR SERVICES.

    (a) Revision to Current Requirements.--Section 2330a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (c), (d), (f), and (g);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e), (h), (i), and (j) as 
        subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Inventory.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall implement a 
method for inventory of Department of Defense contracts for services. 
The method implemented under this subsection shall provide the 
capability to--
            ``(A) make appropriate comparisons of contractor and 
        Government civilian full-time equivalent employees for the 
        purpose of informing sourcing decisions and workforce planning 
        in compliance with section 129a of this title;
            ``(B) distinguish between different types of services 
        contracts, including contracts for labor or staff augmentation 
        and other types of services contracts;
            ``(C) provide qualitative information such as the nature of 
        the work performed, the place where the work is actually 
        performed (on-site or off-site), and the entity for which the 
        work is performed; and
            ``(D) identify the number of contractor employees, 
        expressed as full-time equivalents for direct labor, using 
        direct labor hours and associated cost data collected from 
        contractors.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that the method implemented under 
this subsection is auditable at minimal cost.''.
    (b) Implementation of Inventory Method.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall implement a method for inventory of Department of Defense 
contracts for services, as required by subsection (c) of section 2330a, 
as amended by subsection (a). In implementing the method, the Secretary 
shall use methods and systems, including time-and-attendance systems, 
or combinations of methods and systems, in existence as of the date of 
the enactment of this Act, as determined appropriate by the Secretary.
    (c) Submission to Congress.--Not later than the end of the third 
quarter of each fiscal year, through fiscal year 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress a summary of the inventory reporting 
activities performed by each military department, each combatant 
command, and each Defense Agency, during the preceding fiscal year 
pursuant to contracts for services (and pursuant to contracts for goods 
to the extent services are a significant component of performance as 
identified in a separate line item of a contract) for or on behalf of 
the Department of Defense.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 2330a of title 10, United States Code, is 
        further amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d), as redesignated by 
                subsection (a)(2) of this section, by striking ``Within 
                90 days after the date on which an inventory is 
                submitted under subsection (c),'' and inserting ``Not 
                later than the end of each fiscal year,''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                            (i) by striking ``2014 and ending with 
                        2016'' and inserting ``2017 and ending with 
                        2018''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``subsections (e) and 
                        (f)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''.
            (2) Section 235(b) of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``and separately'' and all the 
                follows through ``amount requested'' and inserting 
                ``and separately identify the amount requested and the 
                number of full-time contractor employees (or the 
                equivalent of full-time in the case of part-time 
                contractor employees)'';
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; 
                and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (2).

SEC. 804. PROCUREMENT OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.

    Section 884 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 948; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Requirement.--'' before ``The 
        Secretary of Defense'';
            (2) by striking ``that is predominately'' and all that 
        follows through ``price'' and inserting ``described in 
        subsection (b)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Source Selection Criteria Described.--For purposes of 
subsection (a), the source selection criteria described in this 
subsection are criteria--
            ``(1) that are predominately based on technical 
        qualifications of the item and not predominately based on 
        price;
            ``(2) that do not use reverse auction or lowest price 
        technically acceptable contracting methods; and
            ``(3) that reflect a preference for best value source 
        selection methods.''.

SEC. 805. REVISION TO EFFECTIVE DATE OF SENIOR EXECUTIVE BENCHMARK 
              COMPENSATION FOR ALLOWABLE COST LIMITATIONS.

    (a) Repeal of Retroactive Applicability.--Section 803(c) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 125 Stat. 1485; 10 U.S.C. 2324 note) is amended by striking 
``amendments made by'' and all that follows and inserting ``amendments 
made by this section shall apply with respect to costs of compensation 
incurred after January 1, 2012, under contracts entered into on or 
after December 31, 2011.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect as of December 31, 2011, and shall apply as if included in the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 as enacted.

SEC. 806. AMENDMENTS RELATED TO DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE OF COUNTERFEIT 
              ELECTRONIC PARTS.

    Section 818 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3) of subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking the heading and inserting 
                ``Suppliers meeting anticounterfeiting requirements.--
                '';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``trusted 
                suppliers in accordance with regulations issued 
                pursuant to subparagraph (C) or (D) who'' and inserting 
                ``suppliers that meet anticounterfeiting requirements 
                in accordance with regulations issued pursuant to 
                subparagraph (C) or (D) and that'';
                    (C) in subparagraphs (A)(ii) and (A)(iii), by 
                striking ``trusted suppliers'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``suppliers that meet anticounterfeiting 
                requirements'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``as trusted 
                suppliers those'' and inserting ``suppliers'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (D) in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by striking ``trusted suppliers'' and 
                inserting ``suppliers that meet anticounterfeiting 
                requirements''; and
                    (F) in subparagraphs (D)(i) and (D)(iii), by 
                striking ``trusted'' each place it appears; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(2)(A)(v), by striking ``use of 
        trusted suppliers'' and inserting ``the use of suppliers that 
        meet applicable anticounterfeiting requirements''.

SEC. 807. AMENDMENTS TO SPECIAL EMERGENCY PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY.

    Section 1903(a) of title 41, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or'' at the end of paragraph (1);
            (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(3) in support of a request from the Secretary of State 
        or the Administrator of the United States Agency for 
        International Development to facilitate the provision of 
        international disaster assistance pursuant to chapter 9 of part 
        I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2292 et 
        seq.); or
            ``(4) in support of an emergency or major disaster (as 
        those terms are defined in section 102 of the Robert T. 
        Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
        U.S.C. 5122)).''.

SEC. 808. COMPLIANCE WITH DOMESTIC SOURCE REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOTWEAR 
              FURNISHED TO ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES UPON 
              THEIR INITIAL ENTRY INTO THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 418 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) In the case of athletic footwear needed by members of the 
Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps upon their initial entry into 
the armed forces, the Secretary of Defense shall furnish such footwear 
directly to the members instead of providing a cash allowance to the 
members for the purchase of such footwear.
    ``(2) In procuring athletic footwear to comply with paragraph (1), 
the Secretary of Defense shall comply with the requirements of section 
2533a of title 10, without regard to the applicability of any 
simplified acquisition threshold under chapter 137 of title 10 (or any 
other provision of law).
    ``(3) This subsection does not prohibit the provision of a cash 
allowance to a member described in paragraph (1) for the purchase of 
athletic footwear if such footwear--
            ``(A) is medically required to meet unique physiological 
        needs of the member; and
            ``(B) cannot be met with athletic footwear that complies 
        with the requirements of this subsection.''.

SEC. 809. REQUIREMENT FOR POLICIES AND STANDARD CHECKLIST IN 
              PROCUREMENT OF SERVICES.

    (a) Requirement.--Section 2330a of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 803, is further amended by adding by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Request for Services Contract Approval.--(1) The Under 
Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall--
            ``(A) ensure that Department of Defense Instruction 
        1100.22, Guidance for Manpower Mix, is modified to incorporate 
        policies establishing a standard checklist to be completed 
        ensuring the appropriate alignment of workload to the private 
        sector prior to the issuance of a solicitation for any new 
        contract for services or exercising an option under an existing 
        contract for services, including services provided under a 
        contract for goods; and
            ``(B) in coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, ensure that such 
        policies and checklist are incorporated by reference or 
        otherwise into the Service Requirements Review Board processes 
        established under Department of Defense Instruction 5000.74 and 
        into the pre-solicitation requirements of the Defense Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation Supplement.
    ``(2) Such checklist shall, at minimum, consolidate and address 
workforce management and sourcing considerations established under 
sections 129, 129a, 2461, and 2463 of this title as well as Office of 
Federal Procurement Policy Letter 11-01.''.
    (b) Army Model.--In implementing section 2330a(g) of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall model, to the maximum extent 
practicable, its policies and checklist on the policies and checklist 
relating to services contract approval established and in use by the 
Department of the Army (as set forth in the request for services 
contract approval form updated as of August 2012, or any successor 
form).
    (c) Deadline.--The policies required under such section 2230a(g) of 
such title, as so added, shall be issued within one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 809A. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AGGREGATE ANNUAL AMOUNT AVAILABLE 
              FOR CONTRACT SERVICES.

    Section 808 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1489), as most recently amended 
by section 813 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3429) is further amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (b), by striking ``or 2015'' and 
        inserting ``2015, 2016, or 2017'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``and 2015'' and 
        inserting ``2015, 2016, and 2017'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(4), by striking ``or 2015'' and 
        inserting ``2015, 2016, or 2017''; and
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``2015'' and inserting 
        ``2017''.

SEC. 809B. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR ENHANCED TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY 
              DEVELOPED AT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES.

    Section 801(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 804; 10 U.S.C. 2514 note) is 
amended by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2021''.

 Subtitle B--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

SEC. 811. CHANGE IN DATE OF SUBMISSION TO CONGRESS OF SELECTED 
              ACQUISITION REPORTS.

    Section 2432(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``45'' the first place it occurs and inserting ``10''.

SEC. 812. AMENDMENTS RELATING TO INDEPENDENT COST ESTIMATION AND COST 
              ANALYSIS.

    (a) Amendments.--Section 2334 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``selection of 
        confidence levels'' both places it appears and inserting 
        ``discussion of risk'';
            (2) in subsection (a)(6)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or approve'' after ``conduct'';
                    (B) by striking ``major defense acquisition 
                programs'' and all that follows through ``Authority--'' 
                and inserting ``all major defense acquisition programs, 
                major automated information system programs, and major 
                subprograms--''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``or upon the 
                request'' and all that follows through the semicolon at 
                the end and inserting ``, upon the request of the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics, or upon the request of the milestone 
                decision authority;''
            (3) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), (d), (e), and 
        (f) as subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), and (h), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Independent Cost Estimate Required Before Approval.--(1) A 
milestone decision authority may not approve the system development and 
demonstration, or production and deployment, of a major defense 
acquisition program, major automated information system program, or 
major subprogram unless an independent cost estimate of the full life-
cycle cost of the program or subprogram has been conducted or approved 
by the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation and 
considered by the milestone decision authority.
    ``(2) The regulations governing the content and submission of 
independent cost estimates required by subsection (a) shall require 
that the independent cost estimate of the full life-cycle cost of a 
program or subprogram include--
            ``(A) all costs of development, procurement, military 
        construction, operations and support, and trained manpower to 
        operate, maintain, and support the program or subprogram upon 
        full operational deployment, without regard to funding source 
        or management control; and
            ``(B) an analysis to support decision making that 
        identifies and evaluates alternative courses of action that may 
        reduce cost, reduce risk, and result in more affordable 
        programs.'';
            (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, in paragraph 
        (3), by striking ``confidence level'' and inserting 
        ``discussion of risk'';
            (6) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by amending the subsection heading to read as 
                follows: ``Discussion of Risk in Cost Estimates.--'';
                    (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) issue guidance requiring a discussion of risk, the 
        potential impacts of risk on program costs, and approaches to 
        mitigate risk in cost estimates for major defense acquisition 
        programs, major automated information system programs, and 
        major subprograms;'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``such confidence level 
                        provides'' and inserting ``cost estimates 
                        provide''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``or subprogram'' after 
                        ``the program''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``disclosure 
                required by paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``information 
                required in the guidance under paragraph (1)''; and
            (7) by inserting after subsection (f), as so redesignated, 
        the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Guidelines and Collection of Cost Data.--(1) The Director of 
Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall, in consultation with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, 
develop policies, procedures, guidance, and a collection method to 
ensure that acquisition cost data are collected in a standardized 
format that facilitates cost estimation and comparison across 
acquisition programs.
    ``(2) The program manager and contracting officer for each major 
defense acquisition program, major automated information system 
program, and major subprogram, in consultation with the cost estimating 
component of the relevant military department or Defense Agency, shall 
ensure that cost data are collected in accordance with the requirements 
of paragraph (1) for any acquisition program in an amount greater than 
$100,000,000.
    ``(3) The requirement under paragraph (1) may be waived only by the 
Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments to Add Subprograms.--Section 2334 of such 
title is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``or major 
        subprogram'' before ``under chapter 144'';
            (2) in paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) of subsection (a) and 
        in subsection (c)(1) (as redesignated by subsection (a) of this 
        section), by striking ``major defense acquisition programs and 
        major automated information system programs'' and inserting 
        ``major defense acquisition programs, major automated 
        information system programs, and major subprograms'' each place 
        it appears;
            (3) in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (d) (as so 
        redesignated), and in subsection (f)(4) (as so redesignated), 
        by striking ``major defense acquisition program or major 
        automated information system program'' and inserting ``major 
        defense acquisition program, major automated information system 
        program, or major subprogram'' each place it appears;
            (4) in subsection (d)(4) (as so redesignated), by inserting 
        before the period ``or major subprogram'';
            (5) in subsection (e)(3)(B) (as so redesignated), by 
        inserting ``or major subprogram'' after ``major defense 
        acquisition program''; and
            (6) in subsection (f)(3) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``major defense acquisition program and major automated 
        information system program'' and inserting ``major defense 
        acquisition program, major automated information system 
        program, and major subprogram''.
    (c) Repeal.--Chapter 144 of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking section 2434; and
            (2) in the table of sections at the beginning of such 
        chapter, by striking the item relating to such section.

SEC. 813. REVISIONS TO MILESTONE B DETERMINATIONS.

    Section 2366b(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``acquisition cost 
        in'' and all that follows through the semicolon, and inserting 
        ``life-cycle cost;''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``funding is'' and all 
        that follows through ``made,'' and inserting ``funding is 
        expected to be available to execute the product development and 
        production plan for the program,''.

SEC. 814. REVIEW AND REPORT ON SUSTAINMENT PLANNING IN THE ACQUISITION 
              PROCESS.

    (a) Requirement for Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
a review of the extent to which sustainment matters are considered in 
decisions related to the requirements, acquisition, cost estimating, 
and programming and budgeting processes for major defense acquisition 
programs. The review shall include the following:
            (1) A determination of whether information related to the 
        operation and sustainment of major defense acquisition 
        programs, including cost data, is available to inform decisions 
        made during those processes.
            (2) If such information exists, an evaluation of the 
        completeness, timeliness, quality, and suitability of the 
        information for aiding in decisions made during those 
        processes.
            (3) A determination of whether information related to the 
        operation and sustainment of existing major weapon systems is 
        used to forecast the operation and sustainment needs of major 
        weapon systems proposed for or under development.
            (4) A description of the potential benefits from improved 
        completeness, timeliness, quality, and suitability of data on 
        operation and support costs and increased consideration of such 
        data.
            (5) Recommendations for improving access to and 
        consideration of operation and support cost data.
            (6) An assessment of product support strategies for major 
        weapon systems required by section 2337 of title 10, United 
        States Code, or other similar life-cycle sustainment 
        strategies, including an evaluation of--
                    (A) the stage at which such strategies are 
                developed during the life of a major weapon system;
                    (B) the content and completeness of such 
                strategies;
                    (C) the extent to which such strategies influence 
                the planning for major defense acquisition programs; 
                and
                    (D) the extent to which such strategies influence 
                decisions related to the life-cycle management and 
                product support of major weapon systems.
            (7) An assessment of how effectively the military 
        departments consider sustainment matters at key decision points 
        for acquisition and life-cycle management in accordance with 
        the requirements of sections 2431a, 2366a, 2366b, and 2337 of 
        title 10, United States Code and section 832 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-
        81; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
            (8) Recommendations for improving the consideration of 
        sustainment during the requirements, acquisition, cost 
        estimating, programming and budgeting processes.
    (b) Contract With Independent Entity.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall enter into a 
contract with an independent entity with appropriate expertise to 
conduct the review required by subsection (a). The contract also shall 
require the entity to provide to the Secretary a report on the findings 
of the entity.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary shall 
provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives on the preliminary findings of the 
independent entity.
    (d) Submission to Congress.--Not later than August 1, 2017, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a copy 
of the report of the independent entity, along with comments on the 
report, proposed revisions or clarifications to laws related to life-
cycle management or sustainment planning for major weapon systems, and 
a description of any actions the Secretary may take to revise or 
clarify regulations related to life-cycle management or sustainment 
planning for major weapon systems.

SEC. 815. REVISION TO DISTRIBUTION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON OPERATIONAL TEST 
              AND EVALUATION.

    Section 139(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by inserting ``the Secretaries of the military 
                departments,'' after ``Logistics,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``10 days'' and all that follows 
                through ``title 31'' and inserting ``January 31 of each 
                year, through January 31, 2021''; and
            (2) in paragraph (5), by inserting after ``Secretary'' the 
        following: ``of Defense and the Secretaries of the military 
        departments''.

          Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

SEC. 821. REVISION TO DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM.

    (a) In General.--Section 103(8) of title 41, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``to multiple State and local governments'' and 
inserting ``to State, local, or foreign governments''.
    (b) Effect on Section 2464.--Nothing in this section or the 
amendment made by this section shall affect the meaning of the term 
``commercial item'' under section (a)(5) of section 2464 of title 10, 
United States Code, or any requirement under subsection (a)(3) or 
subsection (c) of such section.

SEC. 822. MARKET RESEARCH FOR DETERMINATION OF PRICE REASONABLENESS IN 
              ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    Section 2377 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e), and 
        in that subsection by striking ``subsection (c)'' and inserting 
        ``subsections (c) and (d)''; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Market Research for Price Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that procurement officials in the Department of Defense 
conduct or obtain market research to support the determination of the 
reasonableness of price for commercial items contained in any bid or 
offer submitted in response to an agency solicitation. To the extent 
necessary to support such market research, the procurement official for 
the solicitation--
            ``(1) in the case of items acquired under section 2379 of 
        this title, shall use information submitted under subsection 
        (d) of that section; and
            ``(2) in the case of other items, may require the offeror 
        to submit relevant information.''.

SEC. 823. VALUE ANALYSIS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF PRICE REASONABLENESS.

    Subsection 2379(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
    ``(2) An offeror may submit information or analysis relating to the 
value of a commercial item to aid in the determination of the 
reasonableness of the price of such item. A contracting officer may 
consider such information or analysis in addition to the information 
submitted pursuant to paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B).''.

SEC. 824. CLARIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO COMMERCIAL ITEM 
              DETERMINATIONS.

    Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2380 of title 10, United States 
Code, are amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) establish and maintain a centralized capability with 
        necessary expertise and resources to provide assistance to the 
        military departments and Defense Agencies in making commercial 
        item determinations, conducting market research, and performing 
        analysis of price reasonableness for the purposes of 
        procurements by the Department of Defense; and
            ``(2) provide to officials of the Department of Defense 
        access to previous Department of Defense commercial item 
        determinations, market research, and analysis used to determine 
        the reasonableness of price for the purposes of procurements by 
        the Department of Defense.''.

SEC. 825. PILOT PROGRAM FOR AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE INNOVATIVE COMMERCIAL 
              ITEMS USING GENERAL SOLICITATION COMPETITIVE PROCEDURES.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program, to be known as a ``commercial solutions opening pilot 
program'', under which innovative commercial items may be acquired 
through a competitive selection of proposals resulting from a general 
solicitation and the peer review of such proposals.
    (b) Treatment as Competitive Procedures.--Use of general 
solicitation competitive procedures for the pilot program under 
subsection (a) shall be considered to be use of competitive procedures 
for purposes of chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) Limitations on Funding.--
            (1) Limitation on individual contract amount.--The 
        Secretary may not enter into a contract under the pilot program 
        for an amount in excess of $10,000,000.
            (2) Annual limitation.--The total amount that may be 
        obligated or expended under the pilot program for a fiscal year 
        may not exceed $75,000,000.
    (d) Limitation Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Program 
Systems.--The Secretary may not acquire innovative commercial items 
under the pilot program to replace a system under a major defense 
acquisition program in its entirety.
    (e) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance for the 
implementation of the pilot program under this section within the 
Department of Defense. Such guidance shall be issued in consultation 
with the Office of Management and Budget and shall be posted for access 
by the public.
    (f) Reports Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than six months after the 
        initiation of the pilot program, and every six months 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
        report on the activities the Department of Defense carried out 
        under the pilot program.
            (2) Elements of report.--The report under this subsection 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the impact of the pilot 
                program on competition.
                    (B) An assessment of the ability under the pilot 
                program to attract proposals from nontraditional 
                defense contractors (as defined in section 2302(9) of 
                title 10, United States Code).
                    (C) A comparison of acquisition timelines for--
                            (i) procurements made using the pilot 
                        program; and
                            (ii) procurements made using other 
                        competitive procedures that do not use general 
                        solicitations.
                    (D) A recommendation on whether the authority for 
                the pilot program should be made permanent.
            (3) Termination of report requirement.--The requirement to 
        submit a report under this subsection shall terminate on the 
        date occurring five years after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
    (g) Definition.--In this section, the term ``innovative'' means--
            (1) any new technology, process, or method, able to be used 
        to improve or replace existing information system applications, 
        programs, or networks, or used to improve research and 
        development of information technology advancements; or
            (2) any new application of an existing technology, process, 
        or method.
    (h) Termination.--The authority to enter into a contract under a 
pilot program under this section terminates on the date occurring five 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 831. REVIEW AND REPORT ON THE BID PROTEST PROCESS.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review of the 
bid protest processes related to major defense acquisition programs. 
The review shall examine the extent to which--
            (1) the incidence and duration of bid protests have 
        increased or decreased during the previous decade;
            (2) bid protests have delayed procurement of items or 
        services;
            (3) there are differences in the incidence and outcomes of 
        bid protests filed by incumbent and non-incumbent contractors;
            (4) protests filed by incumbent contractors result in 
        extension of the period of performance of a contract, and 
        whether there are benefits (monetary or non-monetary) to 
        incumbent contractors under such circumstances; and
            (5) there are alternative actions or authorities that could 
        give the Government more flexibility in managing contracts if a 
        bid protest is filed.
    (b) Contract With Independent Entity.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
enter into a contract with an independent entity with appropriate 
expertise to conduct the review required in subsection (a).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary, or his 
designee, shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives on interim findings of the independent 
entity.
    (d) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2017, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the findings 
of the independent entity, along with a description of any actions that 
the Secretary proposes to address the findings of the independent 
entity.

SEC. 832. REVIEW AND REPORT ON INDEFINITE DELIVERY CONTRACTS.

    (a) Report.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
deliver, not later than March 31, 2018, a report to Congress on the use 
by the Department of Defense of indefinite delivery contracts entered 
into during fiscal years 2015, 2016, and 2017.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall address, at a 
minimum, the following:
            (1) A review of Department of Defense policies for using 
        indefinite delivery contracts, including requirements for 
        competition.
            (2) The number and value of all indefinite delivery 
        contracts entered into by the Department of Defense.
            (3) An assessment of the number and value of indefinite 
        delivery contracts entered into by the Department of Defense 
        that included competition between multiple vendors.
            (4) Selected case studies of indefinite delivery contracts, 
        including an assessment of whether any such contracts may have 
        limited future opportunities for competition for the services 
        or items required.
            (5) Recommendations for potential changes to current law or 
        Department of Defense acquisition regulations to promote 
        competition with respect to indefinite delivery contracts.

SEC. 833. REVIEW AND REPORT ON CONTRACTUAL FLOW-DOWN PROVISIONS.

    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review of contractual flow-down provisions related to major defense 
acquisition programs. The review shall--
            (1) identify the flow-down provisions that exist in the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation and the Defense Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation Supplement;
            (2) identify the flow-down provisions that are critical for 
        national security;
            (3) examine the extent to which clauses in contracts with 
        the Department of Defense are being applied inappropriately in 
        subcontracts under the contracts;
            (4) assess the applicability of flow-down provisions for 
        the purchase of commodity items that are acquired in bulk for 
        multiple acquisition programs;
            (5) determine the unnecessary costs or burdens, if any, of 
        flow-down provisions on the supply chain; and
            (6) determine the effect, if any, of flow-down provisions 
        on the participation rate of small businesses and non-
        traditional defense contractors in defense procurements.
    (b) Contract.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into a 
contract with an independent entity with appropriate expertise to 
conduct the review required by subsection (a).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary, or his 
designee, shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives on interim findings of the independent 
entity as well as initial recommendations of the entity on how to 
modify or eliminate contractual flow-down requirements that the entity 
considers burdensome or unnecessary.
    (d) Report.--Not later than August 1, 2017, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the findings 
of the independent entity, along with a description of any actions that 
the Secretary proposes to address the findings of the independent 
entity.

SEC. 834. REVIEW OF ANTI-COMPETITIVE SPECIFICATIONS IN INFORMATION 
              TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITIONS.

    (a) Review Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall conduct a review of the policy, 
guidance, regulations, and training related to specifications included 
in information technology acquisitions to ensure current policies 
eliminate the unjustified use of potentially anti-competitive 
specifications. In conducting the review, the Under Secretary shall 
examine the use of brand names or proprietary specifications or 
standards in solicitations for procurements of goods and services, as 
well as the current acquisition training curriculum related to those 
areas.
    (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 270 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall provide a briefing 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives on the results of the review required by subsection 
(a).
    (c) Additional Guidance.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall revise policies, 
guidance, and training to incorporate such recommendations as the Under 
Secretary considers appropriate from the review required by subsection 
(a).

SEC. 835. COAST GUARD MAJOR ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Functions of Chief Acquisition Officer.--Section 56(c) of title 
14, United States Code, is amended by striking ``and'' after the 
semicolon at the end of paragraph (8), striking the period at the end 
of paragraph (9) and inserting ``; and'', and adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(10)(A) keeping the Commandant informed of the progress 
        of major acquisition programs (as that term is defined in 
        section 581);
            ``(B) informing the Commandant on a continuing basis of any 
        developments on such programs that may require new or revisited 
        trade-offs among cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and 
        performance, including--
                    ``(i) significant cost growth or schedule slippage; 
                and
                    ``(ii) requirements creep (as that term is defined 
                in section 2547(c)(1) of title 10); and
            ``(C) ensuring that the views of the Commandant regarding 
        such programs on cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and 
        performance trade-offs are strongly considered by program 
        managers and program executive officers in all phases of the 
        acquisition process.''.
    (b) Customer Service Mission of Directorate.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 15 of title 14, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in section 561(b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' 
                        and inserting a semicolon;
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) to meet the needs of customers of major acquisition 
        programs in the most cost-effective manner practicable.'';
                    (B) in section 562, by repealing subsection (b) and 
                redesignating subsections (c) through (g) as 
                subsections (b) through (f), respectively;
                    (C) in section 563, by striking ``Not later than 
                180 days after the date of enactment of the Coast Guard 
                Authorization Act of 2010, the Commandant shall 
                commence implementation of'' and inserting ``The 
                Commandant shall maintain'';
                    (D) by adding at the end of section 564 the 
                following:
    ``(c) Acquisition of Unmanned Aerial Systems.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Commandant--
                    ``(A) may not award a contract for design of an 
                unmanned aerial system for use by the Coast Guard; and
                    ``(B) may acquire an unmanned aerial system only--
                            ``(i) if such a system has been acquired or 
                        has been used by the Department of Defense or 
                        the Department of Homeland Security, or a 
                        component thereof, before the date on which the 
                        Commandant acquires the system; and
                            ``(ii) through an agreement with such 
                        department or component, unless the unmanned 
                        aerial system can be obtained at less cost 
                        through independent contract action.
            ``(2) Limitation on application.--The limitations of 
        paragraph (1)(B) shall not apply to any small unmanned aerial 
        system that consists of--
                    ``(A) an unmanned aircraft weighing less than 55 
                pounds on takeoff, including all components and 
                equipment on board or otherwise attached to the 
                aircraft; and
                    ``(B) associated elements (including communication 
                links and the components that control such aircraft) 
                that are required for the safe and efficient operation 
                of such aircraft.'';
                    (E) in subchapter II, by adding at the end the 
                following:
``Sec. 578. Role of Vice Commandant in major acquisition programs
    ``The Vice Commandant--
            ``(1) shall represent the customer of a major acquisition 
        program with regard to trade-offs made among cost, schedule, 
        technical feasibility, and performance with respect to such 
        program; and
            ``(2) shall advise the Commandant in decisions regarding 
        the balancing of resources against priorities, and associated 
        trade-offs referred to in paragraph (1), on behalf of the 
        customer of a major acquisition program.
``Sec. 579. Extension of major acquisition program contracts
    ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 564(a)(2) of this title 
and section 2304 of title 10, and subject to subsections (b) and (c) of 
this section, the Secretary may acquire additional units procured under 
a Coast Guard major acquisition program contract, by extension of such 
contract without competition, if the Comptroller General of the United 
States determines that the costs that would be saved through award of a 
new contract in accordance with such sections would not exceed the 
costs of such an award.
    ``(b) Limitation on Number of Additional Units.--The number of 
additional units acquired under a contract extension under this section 
may not exceed the number of additional units for which such 
determination is made.
    ``(c) Determination of Costs Upon Request.--The Comptroller General 
shall, at the request of the Secretary, determine for purposes of this 
section--
            ``(1) the costs that would be saved through award of a new 
        major acquisition program contract in accordance with section 
        564(a)(2) for the acquisition of a number of additional units 
        specified by the Secretary; and
            ``(2) the costs of such award, including the costs that 
        would be incurred due to acquisition schedule delays and asset 
        design changes associated with such award.
    ``(d) Number of Extensions.--A contract may be extended under this 
section more than once.''; and
                    (F) in section 581--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through 
                        (10) as paragraphs (9) through (12), 
                        respectively, and by redesignating paragraphs 
                        (3) through (6) as paragraphs (4) through (7), 
                        respectively;
                            (ii) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                        following:
            ``(3) Customer of a major acquisition program.--The term 
        `customer of a major acquisition program' means the operating 
        field unit of the Coast Guard that will field the system or 
        systems acquired under a major acquisition program.''; and
                            (iii) by inserting after paragraph (7), as 
                        so redesignated, the following:
            ``(8) Major acquisition program.--The term `major 
        acquisition program' means an ongoing acquisition undertaken by 
        the Coast Guard with a life-cycle cost estimate greater than or 
        equal to $300,000,000.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 569a of such title is 
        amended by striking subsection (e).
            (3) Clerical amendment.--The analysis at the beginning of 
        such chapter is amended by adding at the end of the items 
        relating to subchapter II the following:

``578. Role of Vice Commandant in major acquisition programs.
``579. Extension of major acquisition program contracts.''.
    (c) Review Required.--
            (1) Requirement.--The Commandant of the Coast Guard shall 
        conduct a review of--
                    (A) the authorities provided to the Commandant in 
                chapter 15 of title 14, United States Code, and other 
                relevant statutes and regulations related to Coast 
                Guard acquisitions, including developing 
                recommendations to ensure that the Commandant plays an 
                appropriate role in the development of requirements, 
                acquisition processes, and the associated budget 
                practices;
                    (B) implementation of the strategy prepared in 
                accordance with section 562(b)(2) of title 14, United 
                States Code, as in effect before the enactment of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                2017; and
                    (C) acquisition policies, directives, and 
                regulations of the Coast Guard to ensure such policies, 
                directives, and regulations establish a customer-
                oriented acquisition system.
            (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Commandant 
        shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate a report containing, at a minimum, the following:
                    (A) The recommendations developed by the Commandant 
                under paragraph (1) and other results of the review 
                conducted under such paragraph.
                    (B) The actions the Commandant is taking, if any, 
                within the Commandant's existing authority to implement 
                such recommendations.
            (3) Modification of policies, directives, and 
        regulations.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall 
        modify the acquisition policies, directives, and regulations of 
        the Coast Guard as necessary to ensure the development and 
        implementation of a customer-oriented acquisition system, 
        pursuant to the review under paragraph (1)(C).
    (d) Analysis of Using Multiyear Contracting.--
            (1) In general.--No later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the department in 
        which the Coast Guard is operating shall submit to the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate an analysis of the use of 
        multiyear contracting, including procurement authority provided 
        under section 2306b of title 10, United States Code, and 
        authority similar to that granted to the Navy under section 
        121(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 111 Stat. 1648) and section 150 
        of the Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 (Public Law 111-242; 
        124 Stat. 3519), to acquire any combination of at least five--
                    (A) Fast Response Cutters, beginning with hull 43; 
                and
                    (B) Offshore Patrol Cutters, beginning with hull 5.
            (2) Contents.--The analysis under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the costs and benefits of using multiyear contracting, 
        the impact of multiyear contracting on delivery timelines, and 
        whether the acquisitions examined would meet the tests for the 
        use of multiyear procurement authorities.

SEC. 836. WAIVER OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION FOR ACQUISITION OF 
              TACTICAL MISSILES AND MUNITIONS GREATER THAN QUANTITY 
              SPECIFIED IN LAW.

    Section 2308(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The head'';
            (2) by inserting ``, except as provided in paragraph (2),'' 
        after ``but''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) A notification is not required under paragraph (1) if the end 
item being acquired in a higher quantity is an end item under a 
tactical missile program or a munition program.''.

SEC. 837. CLOSEOUT OF OLD DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CONTRACTS.

    (a) Authority.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
Secretary of the Navy may close out the contracts described in 
subsection (b) through the issuance of one or more modifications to 
such contracts without completing further reconciliation audits or 
corrective actions other than those described in this section. To 
accomplish closeout of such contracts--
            (1) remaining contract balances may be offset with balances 
        in other contract line items within a contract regardless of 
        the year or type of appropriation obligated to fund each 
        contract line item and regardless of whether the appropriations 
        for such contract line items have closed; and
            (2) remaining contract balances may be offset with balances 
        on other contracts regardless of the year or type of 
        appropriation obligated to fund each contract and regardless of 
        whether the appropriations for such contract line item have 
        closed.
    (b) Contracts Covered.--The contracts covered by this section are a 
group of contracts that are with one contractor and identified by the 
Secretary, each one of which is a contract--
            (1) to design, construct, repair, or support the 
        construction or repair of Navy submarines that--
                    (A) was entered into between fiscal years 1974 and 
                1998; and
                    (B) has no further supply or services deliverables 
                due under the terms and conditions of the contract;
            (2) with respect to which the Secretary of the Navy has 
        established the total final contract value; and
            (3) with respect to which the Secretary of the Navy has 
        determined that the final allowable cost may have a negative or 
        positive unliquidated obligation balance for which it would be 
        difficult to determine the year or type of appropriation 
        because--
                    (A) the records for the contract have been 
                destroyed or lost; or
                    (B) the records for the contract are available but 
                the contracting officer, in collaboration with the 
                certifying official, has determined that a discrepancy 
                is of such a minimal value that the time and effort 
                required to determine the cause of an out-of-balance 
                condition is disproportionate to the amount of the 
                discrepancy.
    (c) Closeout.--The contracts described in subsection (b) may be 
closed out--
            (1) upon receipt of $581,803 from the contractor, to be 
        deposited into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts; and
            (2) without seeking further amounts from the contractor, 
        and without payment to the contractor of any amounts that may 
        be due under such contracts.
    (d) Adjustment and Closure of Records.--After closeout of any 
contract described in subsection (b) using the authority of this 
section, the payment or accounting offices concerned may adjust and 
close any open finance and accounting records relating to the contract.

SEC. 838. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN SHIP COMPONENTS BE MANUFACTURED IN 
              THE NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) Additional Procurement Limitation.--Section 2534(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(6) Components for auxiliary ships.--Subject to 
        subsection (k), the following components:
                    ``(A) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all 
                shipboard services.
                    ``(B) Propulsion system components, including 
                engines, reduction gears, and propellers.
                    ``(C) Shipboard cranes.
                    ``(D) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.''.
    (b) Implementation.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(k) Implementation of Auxiliary Ship Component Limitation.--
Subsection (a)(6) applies only with respect to contracts awarded by the 
Secretary of a military department for new construction of an auxiliary 
ship after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 using funds available for 
National Defense Sealift Fund programs or Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
Navy.''.

SEC. 839. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT FUND 
              DETERMINATION ADJUSTMENT.

    Subsection (d)(2)(D) of section 1705 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after ``$400,000,000'' the following: 
``except that, in the case of fiscal year 2017, the Secretary may 
reduce the amount to $0''.

SEC. 840. AMENDMENT TO PROHIBITION ON PERFORMANCE OF NON-DEFENSE AUDITS 
              BY DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT AGENCY TO EXEMPT AUDITS FOR 
              NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 893(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; Stat. 952) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Effective'' and 
        inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (3), effective''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Exception.--In this subsection, the term `non-Defense 
        Agencies' does not include the National Nuclear Security 
        Administration.''.

SEC. 841. SELECTION OF SERVICE PROVIDERS FOR AUDITING SERVICES AND 
              AUDIT READINESS SERVICES.

    The Department of Defense shall select service providers for 
auditing services and audit readiness services based on the best value 
to the Department, as determined by the resource sponsor for an 
auditing contract, rather than based on the lowest price technically 
acceptable service provider.

SEC. 842. MODIFICATIONS TO THE JUSTIFICATION AND APPROVAL PROCESS FOR 
              CERTAIN SOLE-SOURCE CONTRACTS FOR SMALL BUSINESS 
              CONCERNS.

    (a) Repeal of Simplified Justification and Approval Process.--
Section 811 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2405; 41 U.S.C. 3304 note) is 
repealed.
    (b) Requirements for Justification and Approval Process.--
            (1) Defense procurements.--Section 2304(f)(2)(D)(ii) of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``only if 
        such procurement is for property or services in an amount less 
        than $20,000,000'' before the semicolon at the end.
            (2) Civilian procurements.--Section 3304(e)(4) of title 41, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or section 
                8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)).'' 
                and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) the procurement is for property or services 
                in an amount less than $20,000,000 and is conducted 
                under section 8(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                637(a)).''.

SEC. 843. BRIEFING ON DESIGN-BUILD CONSTRUCTION PROCESS FOR DEFENSE 
              CONTRACTS.

    Not later than February 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives a briefing on the use and implementation of the two-
phase design-build selection procedures. The briefing shall address the 
following:
            (1) How the Department of Defense continues to implement 
        the updates to the Federal Acquisition Regulation that 
        implemented the 2015 amendments to section 2305a, title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) A list of instances in which the Department awarded a 
        design-build contract pursuant to section 2305a of title 10, 
        United States Code, that had more than five finalists for 
        phase-two requests for proposals during fiscal year 2016, and 
        the list of design-build requests for proposals that used a 
        one-step process.
            (3) Any feedback the Department has received from industry.
            (4) Any challenges to the implementation of the statute.
            (5) Any additional criteria identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 844. ASSESSMENT OF OUTREACH FOR SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS OWNED AND 
              CONTROLLED BY WOMEN AND MINORITIES REQUIRED BEFORE 
              CONVERSION OF CERTAIN FUNCTIONS TO CONTRACTOR 
              PERFORMANCE.

    No Department of Defense function that is performed by Department 
of Defense civilian employees and is tied to a certain military base 
may be converted to performance by a contractor until the Secretary of 
Defense conducts an assessment to determine if the Department of 
Defense has carried out sufficient outreach programs to assist small 
business concerns owned and controlled by women (as such term is 
defined in section 8(d)(3)(D) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
637(d)(3)(D))) and small business concerns owned and controlled by 
socially and economically disadvantaged individuals (as such term is 
defined in section 8(d)(3)(C) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
637(d)(3)(C))) that are located in the geographic area near the 
military base.

SEC. 845. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION ON COMMON GROUNDS FOR SUSTAINING BID 
              PROTESTS IN ANNUAL GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE 
              REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

    The Comptroller General of the United States shall include in the 
annual report to Congress on the Government Accountability Office each 
year a list of the most common grounds for sustaining protests relating 
to bids for contracts during such year.

SEC. 846. REVISION OF EFFECTIVE DATE FOR AMENDMENTS RELATING TO UNDER 
              SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND 
              INFORMATION.

    Section 901(a)(1) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' Mckeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3462; 10 U.S.C. 132a note) is amended by striking 
``February 1, 2017'' and inserting ``February 1, 2018''.

SEC. 847. PROMOTION OF VALUE-BASED DEFENSE PROCUREMENT.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the Department 
of Defense to avoid using lowest price technically acceptable source 
selection criteria in inappropriate circumstances that potentially deny 
the Department the benefits of cost and technical tradeoffs in the 
source selection process.
    (b) Requirement for Solicitations.--For new solicitations issued on 
or after the date that is 120 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, lowest price technically acceptable source selection criteria 
shall be used only in situations in which--
            (1) the Department of Defense is able to comprehensively 
        and clearly describe the minimum requirements expressed in term 
        of performance objectives, measures, and standards that will be 
        used to determine acceptability of offers;
            (2) the Department would realize no, or minimal, value from 
        a contract proposal exceeding the minimum technical or 
        performance requirements set forth in the request for proposal;
            (3) the proposed technical approaches will require no, or 
        minimal, subjective judgment by the source selection authority 
        as to the desirability of one offeror's proposal versus a 
        competing proposal;
            (4) a review of technical proposals of offerors other than 
        the lowest bidder would result in no, or minimal, benefit to 
        the Department; and
            (5) the contracting officer has included a justification 
        for the use of a lowest price technically acceptable evaluation 
        methodology in the contract file, if the contract to be awarded 
        is predominately for the acquisition of information technology 
        services, systems engineering and technical assistance 
        services, or other knowledge-based professional services.
    (c) Avoidance of Use of Lowest Price Technically Acceptable Source 
Selection Criteria in Procurements of Information Technology and 
Auditing.--To the maximum extent practicable, the use of lowest price 
technically acceptable source selection criteria shall be avoided when 
the procurement is predominately for the acquisition of information 
technology services, systems engineering and technical assistance 
services, audit or audit readiness services, or other knowledge-based 
professional services.
    (d) Reporting.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 3 years, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the number of instances in which lowest-price 
technically acceptable source selection criteria is used, including an 
explanation of how the criteria was considered when making a 
determination to use lowest price technically acceptable source 
selection criteria.

SEC. 848. STUDY AND REPORT ON CONTRACTS AWARDED TO MINORITY-OWNED AND 
              WOMEN-OWNED BUSINESSES.

    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
carry out a study on the number and types of contracts for the 
procurement of goods or services for the Department of Defense awarded 
to minority-owned and women-owned businesses during fiscal years 2010 
through 2015. In conducting the study, the Comptroller General shall 
identify minority-owned businesses according to the categories 
identified in the Federal procurement data system (described in section 
1122(a)(4)(A) of title 41, United States Code).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the results of the study under 
subsection (a).

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

                  Subtitle A--Goldwater-Nichols Reform

SEC. 901. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON GOLDWATER-NICHOLS REFORM.

    It is the sense of Congress that the following principles should be 
adhered to in any reform of the Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense 
Reorganization Act of 1986:
            (1) Civilian control of the military and the civilian chain 
        of command must be preserved.
            (2) The role of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
        in providing independent military advice, as the principal 
        military advisor to the President and the Secretary of Defense, 
        must be preserved.
            (3) Any changes to the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 should 
        be rooted in a clear identification and understanding of the 
        issues and the objectives and ramifications of any changes.
            (4) Any changes to the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986 should 
        enhance the capabilities of the United States Armed Forces.
            (5) Each Geographical Unified Command has its own distinct 
        area of emphasis and expertise, as well as requirements and 
        responsibilities. Combining Northern Command and Southern 
        Command, or combining European Command and Africa Command, 
        would severely degrade mission effectiveness, but would provide 
        only marginal increased efficiency. Additionally, consolidating 
        Geographic Unified Commands would cause unacceptable risk to 
        both global strategic influence as well as regional capability, 
        and would exacerbate already significant capacity challenges.
            (6) The emphasis on strategy and planning in the Goldwater-
        Nichols Act must be sustained.
            (7) Complex security challenges will become increasingly 
        transregional, multi-domain, and multi-functional.
            (8) Therefore, the Department of Defense, including 
        streamlined headquarters staffs, must be more agile and 
        adaptive.

SEC. 902. REPEAL OF DEFENSE STRATEGY REVIEW.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 118 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 2 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 118.

SEC. 903. COMMISSION ON THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY FOR THE UNITED 
              STATES.

    (a) Establishment.--There is hereby established a commission to be 
known as the ``Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the 
United States''. The purpose of the commission is to examine and make 
recommendations with respect to national defense strategy for the 
United States.
    (b) Composition.--
            (1) Membership.--The commission shall be composed of 12 
        members appointed as follows:
                    (A) Three members appointed by the chair of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives.
                    (B) Three members appointed by the ranking minority 
                member of the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
                of Representatives.
                    (C) Three members appointed by the chair of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
                    (D) Three members appointed by the ranking minority 
                member of the Committee on Armed Services of the 
                Senate.
            (2) Chair; vice chair.--
                    (A) Chair.--The chair of the Committee on Armed 
                Services of the House of Representative and the chair 
                of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate shall 
                jointly designate one member of the commission to serve 
                as chair of the commission.
                    (B) Vice chair.--The ranking minority member of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representative and the ranking minority member of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate shall jointly 
                designate one member of the commission to serve as vice 
                chair of the commission.
            (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members shall be 
        appointed for the life of the commission. Any vacancy in the 
        commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
        appointment.
    (c) Duties.--
            (1) Review.--The commission shall review the current 
        national defense strategy of the United States, including the 
        assumptions, missions, force posture and capabilities, and 
        strategic and military risks associated with the strategy.
            (2) Assessment and recommendations.--The commission shall 
        conduct a comprehensive assessment of the strategic 
        environment, the size and shape of the force, the readiness of 
        the force, the posture and capabilities of the force, the 
        allocation of resources, and strategic and military risks to 
        provide recommendations on national defense strategy for the 
        United States.
    (d) Cooperation From Government.--
            (1) Cooperation.--In carrying out its duties, the 
        commission shall receive the full and timely cooperation of the 
        Secretary of Defense in providing the commission with analysis, 
        briefings, and other information necessary for the fulfillment 
        of its responsibilities.
            (2) Liaison.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate at 
        least one officer or employee of the Department of Defense to 
        serve as a liaison officer between the Department and the 
        commission.
    (e) Report.--
            (1) Final report.--Not later than December 1, 2017, the 
        commission shall submit to the President, the Secretary of 
        Defense, the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives, and the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        Senate a report on the commission's findings, conclusions, and 
        recommendations. The report shall address, but not be limited 
        to, each of the following:
                    (A) The strategic environment, including security 
                challenges, and the national security interests of the 
                United States.
                    (B) The military missions for which the Department 
                of Defense should prepare and the force planning 
                construct.
                    (C) The roles and missions of the Armed Forces to 
                carry out those missions and the roles and capabilities 
                provided by other United States Government agencies and 
                by allies and international partners.
                    (D) The force size and shape, posture and 
                capabilities, readiness, infrastructure, organization, 
                personnel, and other elements of the defense program 
                necessary to support the strategy.
                    (E) The resources necessary to support the 
                strategy, including budget recommendations.
                    (F) The strategic and military risks associated 
                with the strategy, including the relationships and 
                tradeoffs between missions, risks, and resources.
            (2) Interim briefing.--Not later than June 1, 2017, the 
        commission shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the Senate a briefing on the status of its review 
        and assessment, and include a discussion of any interim 
        recommendations.
    (f) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available pursuant to this Act to the Department of 
Defense, $5,000,000 is available to fund the activities of the 
commission.
    (g) Termination.--The commission shall terminate 6 months after the 
date on which it submits the report required by subsection (e).

SEC. 904. REFORM OF DEFENSE STRATEGIC AND POLICY GUIDANCE.

    Subsection (g) of section 113 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Defense Strategic and Policy Guidance.--
            ``(1) Defense strategic guidance.--The Secretary of 
        Defense, with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall provide every four years to the 
        heads of the military departments, the unified and specified 
        combatant commands, all other Defense Agencies and Department 
        of Defense Field Activities, and any other elements of the 
        Department of Defense named in paragraphs (1) to (10) of 
        section 111(b) of this title, written strategic guidance 
        expressing the national defense strategy of the United States. 
        The strategic guidance shall--
                    ``(A) support the most recent national security 
                strategy report of the President under section 108 of 
                the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043);
                    ``(B) be a mechanism for--
                            ``(i) setting priorities for sizing and 
                        shaping the force, guiding the development and 
                        sustainment of capabilities, allocating 
                        resources, and adjusting the organization of 
                        the Department of Defense to respond to changes 
                        in the strategic environment;
                            ``(ii) monitoring, assessing, and holding 
                        accountable agencies within the Department of 
                        Defense for the development of policies and 
                        programs that support the national defense 
                        strategy;
                            ``(iii) integrating and supporting other 
                        national and related interagency security 
                        policies and strategies with other Department 
                        of Defense guidance, plans, and activities; and
                            ``(iv) communicating such national defense 
                        strategy to the American public, Congress, 
                        relevant United States Government agencies, and 
                        allies and international partners;
                    ``(C) provide a comprehensive discussion of--
                            ``(i) the assumed strategic environment, 
                        including security challenges, and the assumed 
                        or defined prioritized national security 
                        interests and objectives of the United States;
                            ``(ii) the prioritized military missions 
                        for which the Department of Defense must 
                        prepare and the assumed force planning 
                        scenarios and constructs;
                            ``(iii) the roles and missions of the armed 
                        forces to carry out those missions, and the 
                        assumed roles and capabilities provided by 
                        other United States Government agencies and by 
                        allies and international partners;
                            ``(iv) the force size and shape, posture, 
                        capabilities, readiness, infrastructure, 
                        organization, personnel, and other elements of 
                        the defense program necessary to support the 
                        strategy;
                            ``(v) the resources necessary to support 
                        the strategy, including an estimated budget 
                        plan; and
                            ``(vi) the strategic and military risks 
                        associated with the strategy, including the 
                        relationships and tradeoffs between missions, 
                        risks, and resources; and
                    ``(D) include any additional or alternative views 
                of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, including 
                any military assessment of risks associated with the 
                defense strategy.
            ``(2) Policy guidance on development of forces.--In 
        implementing the guidance in paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
        Defense, with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall provide annually to the heads of 
        the military departments, the unified and specified combatant 
        commands, all other Defense Agencies and Department of Defense 
        Field Activities, and any other elements of the Department of 
        Defense named in paragraphs (1) to (10) of section 111(b) of 
        this title, written policy guidance for the preparation and 
        review of the program recommendations and budget proposals of 
        their respective components to guide the development of forces. 
        Such guidance shall include--
                    ``(A) the prioritized national security interests 
                and objectives;
                    ``(B) the prioritized military missions of the 
                Department of Defense, including the assumed force 
                planning scenarios and constructs;
                    ``(C) the force size and shape, posture, 
                capabilities, readiness, infrastructure, organization, 
                personnel, and other elements of the defense program 
                necessary to support the strategy;
                    ``(D) the resource levels projected to be available 
                for the period of time for which such recommendations 
                and proposals are to be effective; and
                    ``(E) a discussion of any changes in the defense 
                strategy and assumptions underpinning the strategy, as 
                required by paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Policy guidance on contingency planning.--In 
        implementing the guidance in paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
        Defense, with the approval of the President and after 
        consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
        shall provide, every two years or more frequently as needed, to 
        the Chairman written policy guidance for the preparation and 
        review of contingency plans, including plans for providing 
        support to civil authorities in an incident of national 
        significance or a catastrophic incident, for homeland defense, 
        and for military support to civil authorities. Such guidance 
        shall include guidance on the employment of forces, including 
        specific force levels and specific supporting resource levels 
        projected to be available for the period of time for which such 
        plans are to be effective.
            ``(4) Submission to congress.--(A) Not later than February 
        15th in any calendar year in which any of the written guidance 
        in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) is required, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        copy of such guidance developed under such paragraphs.
            ``(B) In addition, not later than February 15th in any 
        calendar year in which the written guidance in paragraph (1) is 
        required, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a detailed summary of any 
        classified aspects of the strategic guidance, including 
        assumptions regarding the strategic environment; military 
        missions; force planning scenarios and constructs; force size, 
        shape, posture, capabilities, and readiness; and any additional 
        or alternative views of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff.''.

SEC. 905. REFORM OF THE NATIONAL MILITARY STRATEGY.

    Paragraph (1) of section 153(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) National military strategy.--(A) The Chairman shall 
        determine each even-numbered year whether to prepare a new 
        National Military Strategy in accordance with this subparagraph 
        or to update a strategy previously prepared in accordance with 
        this subsection. The Chairman shall provide such National 
        Military Strategy or update to the Secretary of Defense in time 
        for transmittal to Congress pursuant to paragraph (3), 
        including in time for inclusion of the report of the Secretary 
        of Defense, if any, under paragraph (4).
            ``(B) Each National Military Strategy (or update) under 
        this paragraph shall be based on a comprehensive review 
        conducted by the Chairman in conjunction with the other members 
        of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the commanders of the unified 
        and specified combatant commands. Each update shall address 
        only those parts of the most recent National Military Strategy 
        for which the Chairman determines, on the basis of this review, 
        that a modification is needed.
            ``(C) Each National Military Strategy (or update) submitted 
        under this paragraph shall describe how the military will 
        support the objectives of the United States as articulated in--
                    ``(i) the most recent National Security Strategy 
                prescribed by the President pursuant to section 108 of 
                the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043);
                    ``(ii) the most recent annual report of the 
                Secretary of Defense submitted to the President and 
                Congress pursuant to section 113 of this title;
                    ``(iii) the most recent defense strategic guidance 
                provided by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to 
                section 113 of this title; and
                    ``(iv) any other national security or defense 
                strategic guidance issued by the President or the 
                Secretary of Defense.
            ``(D) At a minimum, each National Military Strategy (or 
        update) submitted under this paragraph shall be a mechanism 
        for--
                    ``(i) developing military ends, ways, and means to 
                support the objectives referred to in subparagraph (C);
                    ``(ii) assessing strategic and military risks, and 
                developing risk mitigation options;
                    ``(iii) establishing a strategic framework for the 
                development of operational and contingency plans;
                    ``(iv) prioritizing joint force capabilities, 
                capacities, and resources; and
                    ``(v) establishing military guidance for the 
                development of the joint force.''.

SEC. 906. MODIFICATION TO INDEPENDENT STUDY OF NATIONAL SECURITY 
              STRATEGY FORMULATION PROCESS.

    Section 1064(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 989) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, including 
        Congress,'' after ``Federal Government''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) The capabilities and limitations of the 
                Department of Defense workforce responsible for 
                conducting strategic planning, including 
                recommendations for improving the workforce through 
                training, education, and career management.''.

SEC. 907. TERM OF OFFICE FOR THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF.

    (a) Amendments.--Section 152(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a term of two years'' 
        and all that follows through the end and inserting the 
        following: ``a term of four years, beginning on October 1 of a 
        year that is three years following a year evenly divisible by 
        four. The limitation of this paragraph on the length of term 
        does not apply in time of war.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``exceeds six years'' and 
        all that follows through the end and inserting the following: 
        ``exceeds eight years. The limitation of this paragraph does 
        not apply in time of war.''.
    (b) Delayed Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect on October 1, 2019.

SEC. 908. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF 
              RELATING TO OPERATIONS.

    Section 153(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as 
        paragraphs (5), (6), and (7), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
            ``(4) Advice on operations.--Advising--
                    ``(A) the President and the Secretary of Defense on 
                ongoing military operations; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary on the allocation and transfer 
                of forces among geographic and functional combatant 
                commands, as necessary, to address transregional, 
                multi-domain, and multi-functional threats.''.

SEC. 909. ASSIGNED FORCES WITHIN THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES.

    Section 162(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by inserting after ``of this title'' 
        the following: ``, other forces within the continental United 
        States that are directed by the Secretary of Defense to be 
        assigned to a military department,''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4), by inserting after ``unified 
        combatant command'' the following: ``, other than forces within 
        the continental United States that are directed by the 
        Secretary to be assigned to a military department,''.

SEC. 910. REDUCTION IN GENERAL OFFICER AND FLAG OFFICER GRADES AND 
              POSITIONS.

    (a) Grade of Service or Functional Component Commander.--Section 
164(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding after 
paragraph (4) the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) The grade of an officer serving as a commander of a 
        service or functional component command under a commander of a 
        combatant command shall be no higher than lieutenant general or 
        vice admiral.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 164 of such title is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
            ``(1) a service component command is subordinate to the 
        commander of a unified command and consists of the service 
        component commander and the service forces (such as 
        individuals, units, detachments, and organizations, including 
        the support forces), as assigned by the Secretary of Defense, 
        that have been assigned to that combatant commander; and
            ``(2) a functional component command is a command normally, 
        but not necessarily, composed of forces of two or more military 
        departments which may be established across the range of 
        military operations to perform particular operational missions 
        that may be of short duration or may extend over a period of 
        time.''.
    (c) Reduction in Positions.--
            (1) Reduction.--The Secretary of Defense shall reduce the 
        total number of officers in the grade of general or admiral on 
        active duty by five positions.
            (2) Report.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on how the Department 
        of Defense plans to implement the reductions required by 
        paragraph (1), including how to balance and reduce the total 
        number of general officers and flag officers in accordance with 
        sections 525 and 526 of title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Treatment of Current Commanders.--An officer serving on the 
date of the enactment of this Act as a commander of a service or 
functional component command under a commander of a combatant command 
shall serve in that position until the appointment of another officer 
in accordance with the amendment made by subsection (a).

SEC. 911. ESTABLISHMENT OF UNIFIED COMBATANT COMMAND FOR CYBER 
              OPERATIONS.

    (a) Establishment of Cyber Command.--Chapter 6 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 169. Unified combatant command for cyber operations
    ``(a) Establishment.--With the advice and assistance of the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the President, through the 
Secretary of Defense, shall establish under section 161 of this title a 
unified combatant command for cyber operations forces (hereinafter in 
this section referred to as the `cyber command'). The principal 
function of the command is to prepare cyber operations forces to carry 
out assigned missions.
    ``(b) Assignment of Forces.--Unless otherwise directed by the 
Secretary of Defense, all active and reserve cyber operations forces of 
the armed forces stationed in the United States shall be assigned to 
the cyber command.
    ``(c) Grade of Commander.--The commander of the cyber operations 
command shall hold the grade of general or, in the case of an officer 
of the Navy, admiral while serving in that position, without vacating 
his permanent grade. The commander of such command shall be appointed 
to that grade by the President, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate, for service in that position.
    ``(d) Command of Activity or Mission.--(1) Unless otherwise 
directed by the President or the Secretary of Defense, a cyber 
operations activity or mission shall be conducted in coordination with 
the command of the commander of the unified combatant command in whose 
geographic area the activity or mission is to be conducted.
    ``(2) The commander of the cyber command shall exercise command of 
a selected cyber operations mission if directed to do so by the 
President or the Secretary of Defense.
    ``(e) Authority of Combatant Commander.--(1) In addition to the 
authority prescribed in section 164(c) of this title, the commander of 
the cyber command shall be responsible for, and shall have the 
authority to conduct, all affairs of such command relating to cyber 
operations activities.
    ``(2) The commander of such command shall be responsible for, and 
shall have the authority to conduct, the following functions relating 
to cyber operations activities (whether or not relating to the cyber 
command):
            ``(A) Developing strategy, doctrine, and tactics.
            ``(B) Preparing and submitting to the Secretary of Defense 
        program recommendations and budget proposals for cyber 
        operations forces and for other forces assigned to the cyber 
        command.
            ``(C) Exercising authority, direction, and control over the 
        expenditure of funds--
                    ``(i) for forces assigned directly to the cyber 
                command; and
                    ``(ii) for cyber operations forces assigned to 
                unified combatant commands other than the cyber 
                command, with respect to all matters covered by section 
                807 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 886; 10 
                U.S.C. 2224 note) and, with respect to a matter not 
                covered by such section, to the extent directed by the 
                Secretary of Defense.
            ``(D) Training assigned forces.
            ``(E) Conducting specialized courses of instruction for 
        commissioned and noncommissioned officers.
            ``(F) Validating requirements.
            ``(G) Establishing priorities for requirements.
            ``(H) Ensuring the interoperability of equipment and 
        forces.
            ``(I) Formulating and submitting requirements for 
        intelligence support.
            ``(J) Monitoring the promotions, assignments, retention, 
        training, and professional military education of cyber 
        operations forces officers.
    ``(3) The commander of the cyber command shall be responsible for--
            ``(A) ensuring the combat readiness of forces assigned to 
        the cyber command; and
            ``(B) monitoring the preparedness to carry out assigned 
        missions of cyber forces assigned to unified combatant commands 
        other than the cyber command.
            ``(C) The staff of the commander shall include an inspector 
        general who shall conduct internal audits and inspections of 
        purchasing and contracting actions through the cyber operations 
        command and such other inspector general functions as may be 
        assigned.
    ``(f) Intelligence and Special Activities.--This section does not 
constitute authority to conduct any activity which, if carried out as 
an intelligence activity by the Department of Defense, would require a 
notice to the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the 
Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives under title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
U.S.C. 3091 et seq.).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``169. Unified combatant command for cyber operations.''.

SEC. 912. REVISION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO LENGTH OF JOINT DUTY 
              ASSIGNMENTS.

    (a) Minimum Length of Assignment.--Section 664(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``assignment--'' and 
paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting `` assignment shall not be less 
than two years.''.
    (b) Repeal of Requirements Relating to Initial Assignment of 
Certain Officers and Average Tour Lengths.--Section 664 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking subsections (c) and (e).
    (c) Exclusions From Tour Length.--Section 664(d) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking in subparagraph (D) and 
        inserting the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) a qualifying reassignment from a joint duty 
                assignment as prescribed by the Secretary of Defense by 
                regulation.'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
    (d) Full Tour of Duty.--Section 664(f) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``prescribed in'' and 
        inserting ``prescribed under'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4);
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (5) as paragraphs 
        (2) and (3), respectively; and
            (4) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (4), and in 
        that paragraph, by striking ``, but not less than two years''.
    (e) Constructive Credit.--Section 664(h) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1) The Secretary of Defense may accord'' 
        and inserting ``The Secretary of Defense may award''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2).
    (f) Clerical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 664 of title 10, 
United States Code, is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f), respectively;
            (2) in subsection (c), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (f)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)(2)'';
            (3) in subsection (d), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (g)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)'';
            (4) in subsection (e), as redesignated, by striking `` 
        subsection (f)(3)'' and inserting `` subsection (d)(2)''; and
            (5) in subsection (f), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of subsection (f)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (d)(1)''.

SEC. 913. REVISION OF DEFINITIONS USED FOR JOINT OFFICER MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Definition of Joint Matters.--Paragraph (1) of section 668(a) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(1) In this chapter, the term `joint matters' means matters 
related to any of the following:
            ``(A) The development or achievement of strategic 
        objectives through the synchronization, coordination, and 
        organization of integrated forces in operations conducted 
        across domains, such as land, sea, or air, in space, or in the 
        information environment, including matters relating to any of 
        the following:
                    ``(i) National military strategy.
                    ``(ii) Strategic planning and contingency planning.
                    ``(iii) Command and control, intelligence, fires, 
                movement and maneuver, protection or sustainment of 
                operations under unified command.
                    ``(iv) National security planning with other 
                departments and agencies of the United States.
                    ``(v) Combined operations with military forces of 
                allied nations.
            ``(B) Acquisition matters conducted by members of the armed 
        forces and covered under chapter 87 of this title involved in 
        developing, testing, contracting, producing, or fielding of 
        multi-service programs or systems.
            ``(C) Other matters designated in regulation by the 
        Secretary of Defense in consultation with the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff.''.
    (b) Definition of Integrated Forces.--Section 668(a)(2) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph 
(A)--
            (1) by striking ``integrated military forces'' and 
        inserting ``integrated forces''; and
            (2) by striking ``the planning or execution (or both) of 
        operations involving'' and inserting ``achieving unified action 
        with''.
    (c) Definition of Joint Duty Assignment.--Section 668(b)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking subparagraph (A) 
and inserting the following new subparagraph:
            ``(A) shall be limited to assignments in which--
                    ``(i) the preponderance of the duties of the 
                officer involve joint matters and
                    ``(ii) the officer gains significant experience in 
                joint matters; and''.
    (d) Repeal of Definition of Critical Occupational Speciality.--
Section 668 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (d).

SEC. 914. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF COMBATANT COMMAND STRUCTURE.

    (a) Assessment Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into a 
contract with an independent entity with appropriate expertise to 
conduct an assessment on combatant command structure, and to provide 
recommendations for improving the overall effectiveness of combatant 
command structures.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment shall include an examination of the 
following:
            (1) The evolution of combatant command requirements and 
        resources over the last 15 years of conflict.
            (2) The organization, composition, and size of combatant 
        commands.
            (3) The resources of combatant commands, including the 
        degree to which combatant commands are adequately resourced and 
        the degree to which combatant command requirements for forces 
        are met.
            (4) The benefits, drawbacks, and resource implications of 
        eliminating, consolidating, or altering the structure of 
        combatant commands.
            (5) A comparison of combatant command structures with 
        alternative structures, including Joint Task Force or task-
        organized forces below the combatant command level.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
findings and recommendations of the independent entity.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

SEC. 921. MODIFICATIONS TO CORROSION REPORT.

    (a) Modifications to Report to Congress.--Section 2228(e)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
        after ``2009'' the following: ``and ending with the budget 
        submitted on or before January 31, 2021'';
            (2) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
            ``(B) The estimated composite return on investment achieved 
        by implementing the strategy, and documented in the assessments 
        by the Department of Defense of completed corrosion projects 
        and activities.'';
            (3) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
            ``(D) If the full amount of funding requirements is not 
        requested in the budget, the reasons for not including the full 
        amount and a description of the impact on readiness, logistics, 
        and safety of not fully funding required corrosion prevention 
        and mitigation activities''; and
            (4) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``pilot''.
    (b) Report to Director of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.--Section 
2228(e)(2) of such title is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``Each report'';
            (2) by striking ``a copy of'' and all that follows through 
        the period and inserting ``a summary of the most recent report 
        required by subparagraph (B)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) Not later than December 31 of each year, through December 31, 
2020, the corrosion control and prevention executive of a military 
department shall submit to the Director of Corrosion Policy and 
Oversight a report containing recommendations pertaining to the 
corrosion control and prevention program of the military department. 
Such report shall include recommendations for the funding levels 
necessary for the executive to carry out the duties of the executive 
under this section. The report required under this subparagraph shall--
            ``(i) provide a summary of key accomplishments, goals, and 
        objectives of the corrosion control and prevention program of 
        the military department; and
            ``(ii) include the performance measures used to ensure that 
        the corrosion control and prevention program achieved the goals 
        and objectives described in clause (i).''.
    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 903(b) of Public Law 110-417 (10 
U.S.C. 2228 note) is amended by striking paragraph (5).

SEC. 922. AUTHORITY TO EMPLOY CIVILIAN FACULTY MEMBERS AT JOINT SPECIAL 
              OPERATIONS UNIVERSITY.

    Section 1595(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) The Joint Special Operations University.''.

SEC. 923. GUIDELINES FOR CONVERSION OF FUNCTIONS PERFORMED BY CIVILIAN 
              OR CONTRACTOR PERSONNEL TO PERFORMANCE BY MILITARY 
              PERSONNEL.

    Section 129a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Guidelines for Performance of Certain Functions by Military 
Personnel.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no functions 
performed by civilian personnel or contractors may be converted to 
performance by military personnel unless--
            ``(A) there is a direct link between the functions to be 
        performed and a military occupational specialty; and
            ``(B) the conversion to performance by military personnel 
        is cost effective, based on Department of Defense instruction 
        7041.04 (or any successor administrative regulation, directive, 
        or policy).
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the following functions:
            ``(A) Functions required by law or regulation to be 
        performed by military personnel.
            ``(B) Functions related to--
                    ``(i) missions involving operation risks and 
                combatant status under the Law of War;
                    ``(ii) specialized collective and individual 
                training requiring military-unique knowledge and skills 
                based on recent operational experience;
                    ``(iii) independent advice to senior civilian 
                leadership in the Department of Defense requiring 
                military-unique knowledge and skills based on recent 
                operational experience; and
                    ``(iv) command and control arrangements under 
                chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).''.

SEC. 924. PUBLIC RELEASE BY INSPECTORS GENERAL OF REPORTS OF 
              MISCONDUCT.

    (a) Release of Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
Administrative Misconduct Reports.--Section 141 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c) Within 60 days after issuing a final report, the Inspector 
General of the Department of Defense shall publicly release any reports 
of administrative investigations that confirm misconduct, including 
violations of Federal law and violations of policies of the Department 
of Defense, of members of the Senior Executive Service, individuals who 
are employed in positions of a confidential or policy-determining 
character under schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 5 of the 
Code of Federal Regulations, or commissioned officers in the Armed 
Forces in pay grades O-6 promotable and above. In releasing the 
reports, the Inspector General shall ensure that information that would 
be protected under section 552 of title 5 (commonly known as the 
`Freedom of Information Act'), section 552a of title 5 (commonly known 
as the `Privacy Act of 1974'), or section 6103 of the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986 is not disclosed.''.
    (b) Release of Inspector General of the Army Administrative 
Misconduct Reports.--Section 3020 of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Within 60 days after issuing a final report, the Inspector 
General of the Army shall publicly release any reports of 
administrative investigations that confirm misconduct, including 
violations of Federal law and violations of policies of the Department 
of Defense, of members of the Senior Executive Service, individuals who 
are employed in positions of a confidential or policy-determining 
character under schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 5 of the 
Code of Federal Regulations, or commissioned officers in the Armed 
Forces in pay grades O-6 promotable and above. In releasing the 
reports, the Inspector General shall ensure that information that would 
be protected under section 552 of title 5 (commonly known as the 
`Freedom of Information Act'), section 552a of title 5 (commonly known 
as the `Privacy Act of 1974'), or section 6103 of the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986 is not disclosed.''.
    (c) Release of Naval Inspector General Administrative Misconduct 
Reports.--Section 5020 of such title is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Within 60 days after issuing a final report, the Naval 
Inspector General shall publicly release any reports of administrative 
investigations that confirm misconduct, including violations of Federal 
law and violations of policies of the Department of Defense, of members 
of the Senior Executive Service, individuals who are employed in 
positions of a confidential or policy-determining character under 
schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 5 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations, or commissioned officers in the Armed Forces in pay grades 
O-6 promotable and above. In releasing the reports, the Naval Inspector 
General shall ensure that information that would be protected under 
section 552 of title 5 (commonly known as the `Freedom of Information 
Act'), section 552a of title 5 (commonly known as the `Privacy Act of 
1974'), or section 6103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is not 
disclosed.''.
    (d) Release of Inspector General of the Air Force Administrative 
Misconduct Reports.--Section 8020 of such title is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Within 60 days after issuing a final report, the Inspector 
General of the Air Force shall publicly release any reports of 
administrative investigations that confirm misconduct, including 
violations of Federal law and violations of policies of the Department 
of Defense, of members of the Senior Executive Service, individuals who 
are employed in positions of a confidential or policy-determining 
character under schedule C of subpart C of part 213 of title 5 of the 
Code of Federal Regulations, or commissioned officers in the Armed 
Forces in pay grades O-6 promotable and above. In releasing the 
reports, the Inspector General shall ensure that information that would 
be protected under section 552 of title 5 (commonly known as the 
`Freedom of Information Act'), section 552a of title 5 (commonly known 
as the `Privacy Act of 1974'), or section 6103 of the Internal Revenue 
Code of 1986 is not disclosed.''.

SEC. 925. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCOUNTING FOR MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN 
              EMPLOYEES LISTED AS MISSING.

    (a) Limitation of Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency to Missing 
Persons From Past Conflicts.--Section 1501(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting ``from past 
        conflicts'' after ``matters relating to missing persons'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A);
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), 
                (E), and (F) as subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), and 
                (E), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting ``from past conflicts'' after 
                ``missing persons'' each place it appears;
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by striking ``for personal recovery (including 
                search, rescue, escape, and evasion) and''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``from past conflicts'' after 
                ``missing persons''; and
            (4) by striking paragraph (5).
    (b) Action Upon Discovery or Receipt of Information.--Section 
1505(c) of such title is amended by striking ``designated Agency 
Director'' in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) and inserting ``Secretary of 
Defense''.
    (c) Definition of ``Accounted for''.--Section 1513(3)(B) of such 
title is amended by inserting ``to the extent practicable'' after ``are 
recovered''.

SEC. 926. REFORM OF NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The National Security Council has increasingly 
        micromanaged military operations and centralized decisionmaking 
        within the staff of the National Security Council. The size of 
        the staff has contributed this problem.
            (2) As stated by former Secretary of Defense Robert M. 
        Gates, ``It was the operational micromanagement that drove me 
        nuts of White House and [National Security Council] staffers 
        calling senior commanders out in the field and asking them 
        questions, second guessing commanders'', and by another former 
        Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta, ``[B]ecause of that 
        centralization of that authority at the White House, there are 
        too few voices being heard in terms of the ability to make 
        decisions and that includes members of the cabinet.''.
            (3) Gates stated, ``You have 25 people working on a single 
        military problem... They are going to be doing things they 
        shouldn't be doing,'' and Panetta noted, ``The National 
        Security Council has grown enormously, which means you have a 
        lot more staff people running around at the White House on 
        these foreign policy issues.''.
            (4) Press reports indicate that National Security Council 
        micromanagement has included selecting targets in ongoing 
        military operations, specifying detailed parameters and 
        limitations on military operations, and managing military 
        planning and the execution of plans.
            (5) As stated in section 101(a) of the National Security 
        Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021(a)), the ``function of the Council 
        shall be to advise the President with respect to the 
        integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies 
        relating to the national security so as to enable the military 
        services and the other departments and agencies of the 
        Government to cooperate more effectively in matters involving 
        the national security''.
            (6) As stated in the November 1961 staff reports and 
        recommendations on ``Organizing for National Security'' 
        submitted to the Committee on Government Operations of the 
        Senate by the Subcommittee on National Policy Machinery, ``The 
        Council is an interagency committee: It can inform, debate, 
        review, adjust, and validate... The Council is not a 
        decisionmaking body; it does not itself make policy. It serves 
        only in an advisory capacity to the President, helping him 
        arrive at decisions which he alone can make.''.
            (7) As noted in the 1987 Report of the President's Special 
        Review Board (commonly known as the ``Tower Commission 
        Report''), ``As a general matter, the [National Security 
        Council] staff should not engage in the implementation of 
        policy or the conduct of operations. This compromises their 
        oversight role and usurps the responsibilities of the 
        departments and agencies.''.
            (8) As noted in the ``Addendum on Structure and Process 
        Analyses: Volume II - Executive Office of the President,'' 
        accompanying the February 2001 U.S. Commission on National 
        Security/21st Century (commonly known as the ``Hart-Rudman 
        Commission''), ``[T]he degree to which the [National Security 
        Council] gets involved in operational issues raises a question 
        of congressional oversight. Today there is limited 
        congressional oversight of the [National Security Council]... 
        Assigning the [National Security Council] greater operational 
        responsibility would likely result in calls for more 
        congressional oversight and legislative control...''.
            (9) According to analysis from the Brookings Institution's 
        National Security Council Project, the size of the National 
        Security Council staff from the early 1960s to the mid-1990s 
        remained consistently under 60 personnel. Since then, it has 
        grown significantly in size.
            (10) As former National Security Advisor, Zbigniew 
        Brzezinski, wrote in ``The NSC's Midlife Crisis'' in Foreign 
        Policy, Winter 1987-1988, ``There is no magic number, but it 
        would appear that for successful strategic planning and policy 
        coordination 30-40 senior staff members are probably adequate. 
        However, to ensure effective supervision over policy 
        implementation as well, the size of the staff should be 
        somewhat larger. An optimal figure for the senior staff 
        probably would be about 50 senior staff members.''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the function of the National Security Council, 
        consistent with the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
        3001 et seq.), is to advise the President as an independent 
        honest broker on national security matters, to coordinate 
        national security activities across departments and agencies, 
        and to make recommendations to the President regarding national 
        security objectives and policy, and the size of the staff of 
        the National Security Council should be appropriately aligned 
        to this function;
            (2) the President is entitled to privacy in the Office of 
        the President and to a confidential relationship with the 
        National Security Advisor and the National Security Council; 
        and
            (3) however, a National Security Council, enabled by a 
        large staff, that assumes a central policymaking or operational 
        role is no longer advisory and should be publicly accountable 
        to the American people through Senate confirmation of its 
        leadership and the activities of the Council subject to direct 
        oversight by Congress.
    (c) Amendments to National Security Act of 1947.--Section 101 of 
the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding after paragraph (6) the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(7) the Assistant to the President for National Security 
        Affairs.'';
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``shall receive 
        compensation at the rate of $10,000 a year.'' and inserting 
        ``shall report to, and be under the general supervision of, the 
        Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsections (d) through (l) as 
        subsections (e) through (m), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d)(1)(A) Except as provided by subparagraph (B), the Assistant 
to the President for National Security Affairs shall be appointed by 
the President.
    ``(B) If the staff of the Council exceeds 100 covered employees at 
any point during a term of the President, and for the duration of such 
term (without regard to any changes to the number of such covered 
employees), the Assistant to the President for National Security 
Affairs shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate.
    ``(2)(A) Beginning on the date on which the staff of the Council 
exceeds 100 covered employees, the person appointed as the Assistant 
under paragraph (1)(A), the person nominated by the President to be 
appointed the Assistant under paragraph (1)(B), or any other person 
designated by the President to serve as the Assistant in an acting 
capacity, may serve in an acting capacity for no longer than 210 days.
    ``(B) If the person nominated by the President to be appointed the 
Assistant under paragraph (1)(B) is rejected by the Senate, withdrawn, 
or returned to the President by the Senate, the President shall 
nominate another person and the person serving as the acting Assistant 
may continue to serve--
            ``(i) until the second nomination is confirmed; or
            ``(ii) for no more than 210 days after the second 
        nomination is rejected, withdrawn, or returned.
    ``(3) The President shall notify Congress in writing not more than 
seven days after the date on which the staff of the Council exceeds 100 
covered employees.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the term `covered employees' means each 
of the following officers and employees (counted without regard to 
full-time equivalent basis):
            ``(A) Officers and employees occupying a position funded by 
        the Executive Office of the President performing a function of 
        the Council.
            ``(B) Officers, employees, and members of the Armed Forces 
        from any department, agency, or independent establishment of 
        the executive branch of the Government that are on detail to 
        the Council performing a function of the Council.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendment.--Section 3(12) of the International 
Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6402(12)) is amended by 
striking ``section 101(i)'' and inserting ``section 101(l)''.

          Subtitle C--Department of the Navy and Marine Corps

SEC. 931. REDESIGNATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AS THE DEPARTMENT 
              OF THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Redesignation of Military Department.--The military department 
designated as the Department of the Navy is redesignated as the 
Department of the Navy and Marine Corps.
    (b) Redesignation of Secretary and Other Statutory Offices.--
            (1) Secretary.--The position of the Secretary of the Navy 
        is redesignated as the Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps.
            (2) Other statutory offices.--The positions of the Under 
        Secretary of the Navy, the four Assistant Secretaries of the 
        Navy, and the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy are 
        redesignated as the Under Secretary of the Navy and Marine 
        Corps, the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy and Marine Corps, 
        and the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy and 
        Marine Corps, respectively.

SEC. 932. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) Definition of ``Military Department''.--Paragraph (8) of 
section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(8) The term `military department' means the Department 
        of the Army, the Department of the Navy and Marine Corps, and 
        the Department of the Air Force.''.
    (b) Organization of Department.--The text of section 5011 of such 
title is amended to read as follows: ``The Department of the Navy and 
Marine Corps is separately organized under the Secretary of the Navy 
and Marine Corps.''.
    (c) Position of Secretary.--Section 5013(a)(1) of such title is 
amended by striking ``There is a Secretary of the Navy'' and inserting 
``There is a Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps''.
    (d) Chapter Headings.--
            (1) The heading of chapter 503 of such title is amended to 
        read as follows:

       ``CHAPTER 503--DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS''.

            (2) The heading of chapter 507 of such title is amended to 
        read as follows:

  ``CHAPTER 507--COMPOSITION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE 
                                CORPS''.

    (e) Other Amendments.--
            (1) Title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        ``Department of the Navy'' and ``Secretary of the Navy'' each 
        place they appear other than as specified in subsections (a), 
        (b), (c), and (d) (including in section headings, subsection 
        captions, tables of chapters, and tables of sections) and 
        inserting ``Department of the Navy and Marine Corps'' and 
        ``Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps'', respectively, in 
        each case with the matter inserted to be in the same typeface 
        and typestyle as the matter stricken.
            (2)(A) Sections 5013(f), 5014(b)(2), 5016(a), 5017(2), 
        5032(a), and 5042(a) of such title are amended by striking 
        ``Assistant Secretaries of the Navy'' and inserting ``Assistant 
        Secretaries of the Navy and Marine Corps''.
            (B) The heading of section 5016 of such title, and the item 
        relating to such section in the table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 503 of such title, are each amended by 
        inserting ``and Marine Corps'' after ``of the Navy'', with the 
        matter inserted in each case to be in the same typeface and 
        typestyle as the matter amended.

SEC. 933. OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW AND OTHER REFERENCES.

    (a) Title 37, United States Code.--Title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``Department of the Navy'' and ``Secretary of the 
Navy'' each place they appear and inserting ``Department of the Navy 
and Marine Corps'' and ``Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps'', 
respectively.
    (b) Other References.--Any reference in any law other than in title 
10 or title 37, United States Code, or in any regulation, document, 
record, or other paper of the United States, to the Department of the 
Navy shall be considered to be a reference to the Department of the 
Navy and Marine Corps. Any such reference to an office specified in 
section 2(b) shall be considered to be a reference to that officer as 
redesignated by that section.

SEC. 934. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle shall take 
effect on the first day of the first month beginning more than 60 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this division for 
        fiscal year 2017 between any such authorizations for that 
        fiscal year (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of 
        authorizations so transferred shall be merged with and be 
        available for the same purposes as the authorization to which 
        transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
        under the authority of this section may not exceed 
        $5,000,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
        authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
        authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

SEC. 1002. REQUIREMENT TO TRANSFER FUNDS FROM DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              ACQUISITION WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT FUND TO THE TREASURY.

    (a) Transfer Required.--During fiscal year 2017, the Secretary of 
Defense shall transfer, from amounts available in the Department of 
Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund from amounts credited to 
the Fund pursuant to section 1705(d)(2) of title 10, United States 
Code, $475,000,000 to the Secretary of the Treasury for deposit in the 
general fund of the Treasury.
    (b) Additional Authority.--The transfer authority provided by this 
section is in addition to any other transfer authority contained in 
this Act.

SEC. 1003. REPORT ON AUDITABLE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

    Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report ranking all military departments and Defense 
Agencies in order of how advanced they are in achieving auditable 
financial statements as required by law. The report should not include 
information otherwise available in other reports to Congress.

                  Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL SUPPORT FOR 
              COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.

    Section 1033(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 111 Stat. 1881), as most recently 
amended by section 1012 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 963), is further amended 
by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and inserting ``September 30, 
2019''.

SEC. 1012. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE REVIEW OF CURRICULA AND PROGRAM 
              STRUCTURES OF NATIONAL GUARD COUNTERDRUG SCHOOLS.

    (a) In General.--Section 901 of the Office of National Drug Control 
Policy Reauthorization Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-469; 32 U.S.C. 112 
note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (e) through (g) as 
        subsections (f) through (h), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):
    ``(e) Curriculum Review.--The Secretary of Defense may review and 
approve the curriculum and program structure of each school established 
under this section.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is 
amended by striking ``section 112(b) of that title 32'' and inserting 
``section 112(b) of title 32''.

SEC. 1013. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT UNIFIED COUNTERDRUG AND 
              COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN COLOMBIA.

    Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 2042), as most 
recently amended by section 1011(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
962), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
        ``2018''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
        ``2018''.

SEC. 1014. UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS TRAINING MISSIONS.

    The Secretary of Defense shall coordinate unmanned aerial systems 
training missions along the southern border of the United States in 
order to support the Department of Homeland Security's counter-narcotic 
trafficking efforts.

SEC. 1015. FUNDING FOR COUNTER NARCOTICS OPERATIONS.

    (a) Increase.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for drug 
interdiction and counterdrug activities, Defense-wide, as specified in 
the corresponding funding table in section 4501 is hereby increased by 
$3,000,000.
    (b) Offset.--Notwithstanding the amounts set forth in the funding 
tables in division D, the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the corresponding funding 
table in section 4301, for administration and servicewide activities, 
Defense Logistics Agency (Line 160) is hereby reduced by $3,000,000.

SEC. 1016. REPORT ON EFFORTS OF UNITED STATES SOUTHERN COMMAND 
              OPERATION TO DETECT AND MONITOR DRUG TRAFFICKING.

    The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
effectiveness of the United States Southern Command Operation to limit 
threats to the national security of the United States by detecting and 
monitoring drug trafficking, specifically heroin and fentanyl.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1021. DEFINITION OF SHORT-TERM WORK WITH RESPECT TO OVERHAUL, 
              REPAIR, OR MAINTENANCE OF NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 7299a(c)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``six months'' and inserting ``10 months''.

SEC. 1022. WARRANTY REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7318. Warranty requirements for shipbuilding contracts
    ``(a) Requirement.--A contracting officer for a contract for which 
funds are expended from the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account 
shall require, as a condition of the contract, that the work performed 
under the contract is covered by a warranty for a period of at least 
one year.
    ``(b) Waiver.--If the contracting officer for a contract covered by 
the requirement under subsection (a) determines that a limited 
liability of warranted work is in the best interest of the Government, 
the contracting officer may agree to limit the liability of the work 
performed under the contract to a level that the contracting officer 
determines is sufficient to protect the interests of the Government and 
in keeping with historical levels of warranted work on similar 
vessels.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``7318. Warranty requirements for shipbuilding contracts.''.

SEC. 1023. NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND.

    (a) Transfer Authority.--Section 1022(b)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 
3487), as amended by section 1022(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92), is further 
amended by striking ``or 2017'' and inserting ``2017, or 2018''.
    (b) Authority for Multiyear Procurement of Critical Components to 
Support Continuous Production.--Section 2218a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
        (j) and (k), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (h) the following new 
        subsection (i):
    ``(i) Authority for Multiyear Procurement of Critical Components to 
Support Continuous Production.--(1) To implement the continuous 
production of critical components, the Secretary of the Navy may use 
funds deposited in the Fund, in conjunction with funds appropriated for 
the procurement of other nuclear-powered vessels, to enter into one or 
more multiyear contracts (including economic ordering quantity 
contracts), for the procurement of critical contractor-furnished and 
Government-furnished components for national sea-based deterrence 
vessels. The authority under this subsection extends to the procurement 
of equivalent critical parts, components, systems, and subsystems 
common with and required for other nuclear-powered vessels.
    ``(2) Any contract entered into pursuant to paragraph (1) shall 
provide that any obligation of the United States to make a payment 
under the contract is subject to the availability of appropriations for 
that purpose and that the total liability to the Government for the 
termination of the contract shall be limited to the total amount of 
funding obligated for the contract as of the date of the 
termination.''.
    (c) Definition of National Sea-based Deterrence Vessel.--Subsection 
(k)(2) of such section, as redesignated by subsection (b), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``any vessel'' and inserting ``any 
        submersible vessel constructed or purchased after fiscal year 
        2016 that is''; and
            (2) by inserting ``and'' before ``that carries''.

SEC. 1024. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR INACTIVATION OF 
              TICONDEROGA-CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK LANDING SHIPS.

    (a) Limitation on Retirement or Inactivation.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 may be obligated or 
expended--
            (1) to retire, prepare to retire, or inactivate a cruiser 
        or dock landing ship; or
            (2) to place in a modernization status more than six 
        cruisers and one dock landing ship identified in section 
        1026(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
        Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490).
    (b) Hull, Mechanical, and Electrical Modernization.--Not more than 
75 percent of the funds made available for the Office of the Secretary 
of Defense for fiscal year 2017 may be obligated until the Secretary of 
the Navy--
            (1) enters into a contract for the modernization industrial 
        period associated with four cruisers and one dock landing ship 
        referred to in section 1026(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard 
        P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490); and
            (2) enters into a contract for the procurement of combat 
        systems upgrades associated with six such cruisers and one such 
        dock landing ship.

SEC. 1025. RESTRICTIONS ON THE OVERHAUL AND REPAIR OF VESSELS IN 
              FOREIGN SHIPYARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 7310(b)(1) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``In the case'' and inserting ``(A) Except 
        as provided in subparagraph (B), in the case'';
            (2) by striking ``during the 15-month'' and all that 
        follows through ``United States)'';
            (3) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``, other than in the case of voyage repairs''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) The Secretary of the Navy may waive the application of 
subparagraph (A) to a contract award if the Secretary determines that 
the waiver is essential to the national security interests of the 
United States.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the later of the following dates:
            (1) The date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
            (2) October 1, 2017.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1031. FREQUENCY OF COUNTERTERRORISM OPERATIONS BRIEFINGS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 485 of title 10, United 
States Code is amended by striking ``quarterly'' and inserting 
``monthly''.
    (b) Section Heading.--The section heading for such section is 
amended by striking ``Quarterly'' and inserting ``Monthly''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 23 of such title is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 485 and inserting the following new item:

``485. Monthly counterterrorism operations briefings.''.

SEC. 1032. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
              INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
              GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA TO THE UNITED STATES.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2017, to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release to or within the United States, its territories, or possessions 
of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed or any other detainee who--
            (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
        Forces of the United States; and
            (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department 
        of Defense.

SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
              FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES 
              TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
              BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available to the Department of Defense may be used 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and ending on December 31, 2017, to construct or modify any facility in 
the United States, its territories, or possessions to house any 
individual detained at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or 
imprisonment in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
Defense unless authorized by Congress.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to any modification of facilities at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 1034(f)(2) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 971; 10 U.S. C. 
801 note).

SEC. 1034. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE TO 
              CERTAIN COUNTRIES OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED 
              STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2017, to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release of any individual detained in the custody or under the control 
of the Department of Defense at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
Bay, Cuba, to the custody or control of any country, or any entity 
within such country, as follows:
            (1) Libya.
            (2) Somalia.
            (3) Syria.
            (4) Yemen.

SEC. 1035. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REALIGNMENT OF FORCES AT OR 
              CLOSURE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
              CUBA.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2017 may be 
used--
            (1) to close or abandon United States Naval Station, 
        Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
            (2) to relinquish control of Guantanamo Bay to the Republic 
        of Cuba; or
            (3) to implement a material modification to the Treaty 
        Between the United States of America and Cuba signed at 
        Washington, D.C. on May 29, 1934, that constructively closes 
        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.

SEC. 1036. MODIFICATION OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF SENSITIVE 
              MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    Section 130f of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``no later 
                than 48 hours'' after ``under this title''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by inserting ``and the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                2017'' before the period at the end; and
            (2) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Sensitive Military Operation Defined.--In this section, the 
term `sensitive military operation' means an operation--
            ``(1) conducted by the United States armed forces outside 
        the United States, whether conducted by the United States 
        acting alone or cooperatively;
            ``(2) conducted pursuant to--
                    ``(A) the Authorization for the Use of Military 
                Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541); or
                    ``(B) any other authority except--
                            ``(i) a declaration of war; or
                            ``(ii) a specific statutory authorization 
                        for the use of force other than the 
                        authorization referred to in subparagraph (A);
            ``(3) conducted outside a theater of major hostilities; and
            ``(4) that is either--
                    ``(A) a lethal operation;
                    ``(B) a capture operation; or
                    ``(C) an activity of self-defense, collective self 
                defense, or in defense of a foreign partner during a 
                cooperative operation.''.

SEC. 1037. COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGY FOR DETENTION OF CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than July 19, 2017, the Secretary of 
Defense shall, in consultation with the Attorney General and the 
Director of National Intelligence, submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report setting forth the details of a 
comprehensive strategy for the detention of current and future 
individuals captured and held pursuant to the Authorization for Use of 
Military Force (Public Law 107-40) pending the end of hostilities.
    (b) Comprehensive Strategy.--The comprehensive detention strategy 
required by subsection (a) shall contain the following:
            (1) A policy and plan applicable to individuals lawfully 
        detained under the effective control of the United States.
            (2) A description of how intelligence information is 
        currently gathered from individuals captured in theaters of 
        combat operation.
            (3) A plan for the disposition of individuals captured in 
        the future.
            (4) A description of how the United States will acquire 
        intelligence information in the future.
            (5) A plan for the disposition of individuals held pursuant 
        to the Authorization for Use of Military Force who are 
        currently detained at the United States Naval Base, Guantanamo 
        Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Form.--The comprehensive detention strategy required under 
subsection (b) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include 
a classified annex.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees;
            (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        House of Representatives and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (3) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate.

SEC. 1038. DECLASSIFICATION OF INFORMATION ON PAST TERRORIST ACTIVITIES 
              OF DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL 
              STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall--
            (1) complete a declassification review of intelligence 
        reports prepared by the National Counterterrorism Center prior 
        to Periodic Review Board sessions or detainee transfers on the 
        past terrorist activities of individuals detained at United 
        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, who were 
        transferred or released from United States Naval Station, 
        Guantanamo Bay;
            (2) make available to the public any information 
        declassified as a result of the declassification review; and
            (3) submit to the appropriate congressional committees, 
        consistent with the protection of sources and methods, a report 
        setting forth--
                    (A) the results of the declassification review; and
                    (B) if any information covered by the 
                declassification review was not declassified pursuant 
                to the review, a justification for the determination 
                not to declassify such information.
    (b) Past Terrorist Activities.--For purposes of this section, the 
past terrorist activities of an individual shall include the terrorist 
activities conducted by the individual before the transfer of the 
individual to the detention facility at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, including, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) The terrorist organization, if any, with which 
        affiliated.
            (2) The terrorist training, if any, received.
            (3) The role in past terrorist attacks against the 
        interests or allies of the United States.
            (4) The direct responsibility, if any, for the death of 
        citizens of the United States or members of the Armed Forces.
            (5) Any admission of any matter specified in paragraphs (1) 
        through (4).
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees;
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (3) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
            (4) the Permanent Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (5) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.

SEC. 1039. PROHIBITION ON ENFORCEMENT OF MILITARY COMMISSION RULINGS 
              PREVENTING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FROM CARRYING OUT 
              OTHERWISE LAWFUL DUTIES BASED ON MEMBER GENDER.

    (a) Prohibition.--No order, ruling, finding, or other determination 
of a military commission may be construed or implemented to prohibit or 
restrict a member of the Armed Forces from carrying out duties 
otherwise lawfully assigned to such member to the extent that the basis 
for such prohibition or restriction is the gender of such member.
    (b) Applicability to Prior Orders, Etc.--In the case of an order, 
ruling, finding, or other determination described in subsection (a) 
that was issued before the date of the enactment of this Act in a 
military commission and is still effective as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act, such order, ruling, finding, or determination 
shall be deemed to be vacated and null and void only to the extent of 
any prohibition or restriction on the duties of members of the Armed 
Forces that is based on the gender of members.
    (c) Military Commission Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military commission'' means a military commission established under 
chapter 47A of title 10, United States Code, and any military 
commission otherwise established or convened by law.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1041. EXPANDED AUTHORITY FOR TRANSPORTATION BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE OF NON-DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL AND CARGO.

    (a) Transportation of Allied and Civilian Personnel and Cargo.--
Subsection (c) of section 2649 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Personnel'' 
        and inserting ``and Civilian Personnel and Cargo'';
            (2) by striking ``Until January 6, 2016, when'' and 
        inserting ``When''; and
            (3) by striking ``allied forces or civilians'', and 
        inserting ``allied and civilian personnel and cargo''.
    (b) Commercial Insurance.--Such section is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Commercial Insurance.--The Secretary may enter into a 
contract or other arrangement with one or more commercial providers to 
make insurance products available to non-Department of Defense shippers 
using the Defense Transportation System to insure against the loss or 
damage of the shipper's cargo. Any such contract or arrangement shall 
provide that--
            ``(1) any insurance premium is collected by the commercial 
        provider;
            ``(2) any claim for loss or damage is processed and paid by 
        the commercial provider;
            ``(3) the commercial provider agrees to hold the United 
        States harmless and waive any recourse against the United 
        States for amounts paid to an insured as a result of a claim; 
        and
            ``(4) the contract between the commercial provider and the 
        insured shall contain a provision whereby the insured waives 
        any claim against the United States for loss or damage that is 
        within the scope of enumerated risks covered by the insurance 
        product.''.
    (c) Conforming Cross-reference Amendments.--Subsection (b) of such 
section is amended by striking ``this section'' both places it appears 
and inserting ``subsection (a)''.

SEC. 1042. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT, DEACTIVATION, OR DECOMMISSIONING 
              OF MINE COUNTERMEASURES SHIPS.

    Section 1090 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 111-92; 129 Stat. 1016) is amended by striking 
subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Limitation on Retirement of MCM Ships.--
            ``(1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
        Department of the Navy for fiscal year 2017 may be obligated or 
        expended to retire, deactivate, decommission, to prepare to 
        retire, deactivate, decommission, or to place in storage backup 
        inventory or reduced operating status any MCM-1 class ship.
            ``(2) Waiver authority.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
                waive the limitation under paragraph (1) with respect 
                to any MCM-1 class ship if the Secretary provides to 
                the congressional defense committees certification that 
                the operational test and evaluation for replacement 
                capabilities for the ship is complete and such 
                capabilities are available in sufficient quantities to 
                ensure sufficient mine countermeasures capacity is 
                available to meet requirements as set forth in the Join 
                Strategic Capabilities Plan, the campaign plans of the 
                combatant commanders, and the Navy's Force Structure 
                Assessment.
                    ``(B) Report.--The first time the Secretary of the 
                Navy exercises the waiver authority under subparagraph 
                (A), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
                defense committees a report that includes--
                            ``(i) the recommendations of the Secretary 
                        regarding MCM force structure;
                            ``(ii) the recommendations of the Secretary 
                        regarding how to ensure the operational 
                        effectiveness of the surface MCM force through 
                        2025 based on current capabilities and 
                        capacity, replacement schedules, and service 
                        life extensions or retirement schedules;
                            ``(iii) an assessment of the MCM vessels, 
                        including the decommissioned MCM-1 and MCM-2 
                        ships and the potential of such ships for 
                        reserve operating status; and
                            ``(iv) an assessment of the Littoral Combat 
                        Ship MCM mission package increment one 
                        performance against the initial operational 
                        test and evaluation criteria.''.

SEC. 1043. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION TO 
              ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION INSURANCE.

    Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

SEC. 1044. EVALUATION OF NAVY ALTERNATE COMBINATION COVER AND UNISEX 
              COMBINATION COVER.

    (a) Mandatory Possession or Wear Date.--The Secretary of the Navy 
shall change the mandatory possession or wear date of the alternate 
combination cover or the unisex combination cover from October 31, 
2016, to October 31, 2020.
    (b) Evaluation and Report.--The Secretary of the Navy may not 
implement or enforce any change to Navy female service dress uniforms 
until the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives a report on the evaluation of the 
Navy female service dress uniforms. Such evaluation shall include each 
of the following:
            (1) An identification of the operational need addressed by 
        the alternate combination cover or the unisex combination 
        cover.
            (2) An assessment of the individual cost of service dress 
        uniform items to members of the Armed Forces as a percentage of 
        their monthly pay.
            (3) The composition of each uniform item's wear test group.
            (4) An identification of the costs to the Navy and to 
        individual members of the Armed Forces for uniform changes 
        identified in the Navy administrative message 236/15 dated 
        October 9, 2015.
            (5) The opinions of female members of the Navy active and 
        reserve components.

SEC. 1045. PROTECTION OF CERTAIN FEDERAL SPECTRUM OPERATIONS.

    Section 1004 of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (Public Law 114-
74; 47 U.S.C. 921 note) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Protection of Certain Federal Spectrum Operations.--If the 
report required by subsection (a) determines that reallocation and 
auction of the spectrum described in the report would harm national 
security by impacting existing terrestrial Federal spectrum operations 
at the Nevada Test and Training Range, the Commission, in coordination 
with the Secretary shall, prior to the auction described in subsection 
(c)(1)(B), establish rules for licensees in such spectrum sufficient to 
mitigate harmful interference to such operations.
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to affect any requirement under section 1062(b) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (47 U.S.C. 921 
note; Public Law 106-65).''.

SEC. 1046. TRANSPORTATION ON MILITARY AIRCRAFT ON A SPACE-AVAILABLE 
              BASIS FOR MEMBERS AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
              WITH DISABILITIES RATED AS TOTAL.

    (a) Availability of Transportation.--Section 2641b of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):
    ``(f) Special Priority for Certain Disabled Veterans.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense shall provide transportation on scheduled and 
unscheduled military flights within the continental United States and 
on scheduled overseas flights operated by the Air Mobility Command on a 
space-available basis for any member or former member of the armed 
forces with a disability rated as total on the same basis as such 
transportation is provided to members of the armed forces entitled to 
retired or retainer pay.
    ``(2) The transportation priority required by paragraph (1) for 
veterans described in such paragraph applies whether or not the 
Secretary establishes the travel program authorized by this section.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `disability rated as total' has 
the meanings given that term in section 1414(e)(3) of this title.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (f) of section 2641b of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall take effect at 
the end of the 90-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 1047. NATIONAL GUARD FLYOVERS OF PUBLIC EVENTS.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the Department 
of Defense that flyovers of public events in support of community 
relations activities may only be flown as part of an approved training 
mission at no additional expense to the Federal Government.
    (b) National Guard Flyover Approval Process.--The Adjutant General 
of a State in which an Army National Guard or Air National Guard unit 
is based will be the approval authority for all Air National Guard and 
Army National Guard flyovers in that State, including any request for a 
flyover in any civilian domain at a nonaviation related event.
    (c) Flyover Record Maintenance; Report.--
            (1) Record maintenance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        keep and maintain records of flyover requests, approvals, and 
        the total costs of all flyover missions, including the costs of 
        fuel, maintenance, and manpower, in a publicly accessible 
        database that is updated annually.
            (2) GAO report.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the Senate a report on flyovers and the process 
        whereby flyover requests are made and evaluated, including--
                    (A) whether there is any cost to taxpayers 
                associated with flyovers;
                    (B) whether there is any appreciable public 
                relations or recruitment value that comes from 
                flyovers; and
                    (C) the impact flyovers have to aviator training 
                and readiness.
    (d) Flyover Defined.--In this section, the term ``flyover'' means 
aviation support--
            (1) in which a straight and level flight limited to one 
        pass by a single military aircraft, or by a single formation of 
        four or fewer military aircraft of the same type, from the same 
        military department over a predetermined point on the ground at 
        a specific time;
            (2) that does not involve aerobatics or demonstrations; and
            (3) uses bank angles of up to 90 degrees if required to 
        improve the spectator visibility of the aircraft.
    (e) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' includes 
the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the 
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any territory or 
possession of the United States.

SEC. 1048. APPLICATION OF THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT TO THE 
              NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL.

    (a) In General.--Section 552(f)(1) of title 5, United States Code 
(commonly referred to as the Freedom of Information Act), is amended by 
inserting ``and the National Security Council'' after ``the Executive 
Office of the President''.
    (b) Effective Date; Application.--
            (1) Effective date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
        shall take effect on the date on which the first Assistant to 
        the President for National Security Affairs is appointed by the 
        President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, 
        pursuant to section 101(d)(1)(B) of the National Security Act 
        of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3021(d)(1)(B)), as added by title IX of this 
        Act.
            (2) Application.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
        shall apply with respect to any record created by the National 
        Security Council on or after the date specified in paragraph 
        (1).

SEC. 1049. REQUIREMENT RELATING TO TRANSFER OF EXCESS DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE EQUIPMENT TO FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES.

    Section 2576a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Preference for Border Security Purposes.--(1) In transferring 
the personal property described in paragraph (2) under this section, 
the Secretary of Defense may give first preference to the Department of 
Homeland Security and then to Federal and State agencies that agree to 
use the property primarily for the purpose of strengthening border 
security along the southern border of the United States.
    ``(2) The personal property described in this section is--
            ``(A) unmanned aerial vehicles;
            ``(B) the Aerostat radar system;
            ``(C) night-vision goggles; and
            ``(D) high mobility multi-purpose wheel vehicles (commonly 
        known as `humvees').''.

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1061. TEMPORARY CONTINUATION OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Exceptions to Reports Termination Provision.--Section 1080 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) does not apply to any 
report required to be submitted to Congress by the Department of 
Defense, or by any officer, official, component, or element of the 
Department, pursuant to a provision of law specified in this section, 
notwithstanding the enactment of the reporting requirement by an annual 
national defense authorization Act or the inclusion of the report in 
the list of reports prepared by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to 
subsection (c) of such section 1080.
    (b) Final Termination Date for Submittal of Exempted Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
        report required pursuant to a provision of law specified in 
        this section that is still required to be submitted to Congress 
        as of January 31, 2021, shall no longer be required to be 
        submitted to Congress after that date.
            (2) Reports exempted from termination.--The termination 
        dates specified in paragraph (1) and section 1080 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 do not 
        apply to the following:
                    (A) The submission of the reports on the National 
                Military Strategy and Risk Assessment under section 
                153(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code.
                    (B) The submission of the future-years defense 
                program (including associated annexes) under section 
                221 of title 10, United States Code.
                    (C) The submission of the future-years mission 
                budget for the military programs of the Department of 
                Defense under section 221 of such title.
                    (D) The submission of audits of contracting 
                compliance by the Inspector General of the Department 
                of Defense under section 1601(b) of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public 
                Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2533a note).
    (c) Reports Required by Title 10, United States Code.--Subject to 
subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements 
contained in the following sections of title 10, United States Code:
            (1) Section 127b(f), relating to a report on the 
        administration of Department of Defense rewards program against 
        international terrorism.
            (2) Section 127d(d), relating to a report on provision of 
        logistic support, supplies, and services to allied forces 
        participating in combined operations.
            (3) Section 139(h), relating to a report on operational 
        test and evaluation activities of the Department of Defense, 
        including the report component required by section 2399(g) on 
        operational test and evaluation of defense acquisition 
        programs.
            (4) Section 139b(d), relating to a report on activities of 
        the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Developmental 
        Test and Evaluation.
            (5) Sections 153(c), relating to a report on the 
        requirements of the combatant commands.
            (6) Section 179(f), relating to reports and assessments 
        regarding nuclear stockpile and stockpile stewardship program.
            (7) Section 196(d), relating to a report on the strategic 
        plan reflecting the needs of the Department of Defense with 
        respect to test and evaluation facilities and resources.
            (8) Section 229, relating to submission of budget 
        information regarding Department of Defense programs for 
        combating terrorism.
            (9) Section 231, relating to submission of naval vessel 
        construction plan and related certification.
            (10) Section 238, relating to submission of a budget 
        justification display regarding cyber mission forces.
            (11) Section 401(d), relating to a report on the provision 
        of humanitarian and civic assistance in conjunction with 
        military operations.
            (12) Section 494(b), relating to a report on the nuclear 
        weapons stockpile of the United States.
            (13) Section 526(j), relating to a report on general 
        officer and flag officer numbers.
            (14) Section 981(c), relating to a report on enlisted aide 
        numbers.
            (15) Section 1557(e), relating to a report on any failure 
        to achieve timeliness standard for disposition of applications 
        before Corrections Boards.
            (16) Section 2011(e), relating to a report on training of 
        special operations forces with friendly foreign forces.
            (17) Section 2166(i), relating to a report on the 
        activities of the Western Hemisphere Institute for Security 
        Cooperation.
            (18) Section 2218(h), relating to submission of budget 
        requests for the National Defense Sealift Fund.
            (19) Section 2228(e), relating to a report on the long-term 
        strategy and related matters regarding reducing corrosion and 
        its effects on military equipment and infrastructure.
            (20) Section 2229a, relating to a report on the status of 
        materiel in the prepositioned stocks.
            (21) Section 2249c(c), relating to a report on the 
        administration of the Regional Defense Combating Terrorism 
        Fellowship Program.
            (22) Section 2275, relating to reports on major satellite 
        acquisition programs, including report updates under subsection 
        (f) of such section.
            (23) Section 2276(e), relating to a report on the funds, 
        services, and equipment accepted and used in connection with 
        commercial space launch cooperation.
            (24) Section 2445b, relating to submission of budget 
        justification documents regarding major automated information 
        system programs and other major information technology 
        investment programs.
            (25) Section 2464(d), relating to a report on core depot-
        level maintenance and repair capabilities.
            (26) Section 2466(d), relating to a report on expenditures 
        for performance of depot-level maintenance and repair 
        workloads.
            (27) Section 2561(c), relating to a report on the use of 
        humanitarian assistance for providing transportation of 
        humanitarian relief and for other humanitarian purposes.
            (28) Section 2684a(g), relating to a report on projects 
        undertaken under agreements to limit encroachments and other 
        constraints on military training, testing, and operations.
            (29) Section 2687a, relating to reports on the status of 
        overseas closures and realignments and master plans, 
        expenditures from the Department of Defense Overseas Facility 
        Investment Recovery Account, and agreement of settlement with 
        host countries regarding the release of facility improvements 
        made by the United States.
            (30) Section 2711, relating to a report on defense 
        environmental programs.
            (31) Sections 2831(e) and 2884(b)(4), relating to reports 
        on quarters for general or flag officers.
            (32) Sections 2884(b) and (c), relating to reports on the 
        Department of Defense Housing Funds, provision of a basic 
        allowance for housing to members of the Armed Forces living in 
        military privatized housing, plans for housing privatization 
        activities, and the status of oversight and accountability 
        measures for military housing privatization projects.
            (33) Section 2912(d), relating to a statement of the energy 
        cost savings available for obligation.
            (34) Section 2925, relating to reports on Department of 
        Defense energy management and operational energy.
            (35) Section 4721(e), relating to submission of a budget 
        request and related materials regarding Army National Military 
        Cemeteries.
            (36) Section 7310(c), relating to a report on repairs and 
        maintenance performed on certain naval vessels in a foreign 
        shipyard.
            (37) Section 10541, relating to a report on equipment of 
        the National Guard and other reserve components.
            (38) Section 10543, relating to a component of the future-
        years defense program regarding National Guard and other 
        reserve components equipment procurement and military 
        construction funding and associated annexes and report.
    (d) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2015.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to 
reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the Carl 
Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291):
            (1) Section 232(e) (10 U.S.C. 2358 note), relating to a 
        report on the pilot program on assignment to the Defense 
        Advanced Research Projects Agency of certain private sector 
        personnel.
            (2) Section 546(d) (10 U.S.C. 1561 note), relating to a 
        report on activities of the Defense Advisory Committee on 
        Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in 
        the Armed Forces.
            (3) Section 1003 (10 U.S.C. 221 note), relating to 
        reporting of balances carried forward by the Department of 
        Defense at the end of each fiscal year.
            (4) Section 1026(d) (128 Stat. 3490), relating to a report 
        on the status of the modernization of Ticonderoga-class 
        cruisers and dock landing ships.
            (5) Section 1055 (128 Stat. 3498), relating to a report on 
        the Air Force response to the recommendations of the National 
        Commission on the Structure of the Air Force.
            (6) Section 1204(b) (10 U.S.C. 2249e note), relating to a 
        report on administration of section 2249e of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (7) Section 1205(e) (128 Stat. 3537), relating to a report 
        on the assessment of programs carried out under section 2282(f) 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (8) Section 1206(e) (10 U.S.C. 2282 note), relating to a 
        report on the training of security forces and associated 
        security ministries of foreign countries to promote respect for 
        the rule of law and human rights.
            (9) Section 1207(d) (10 U.S.C. 2342 note), relating to a 
        report on loan of personnel protection and personnel 
        survivability equipment to military forces of foreign nations.
            (10) Section 1211 (128 Stat. 3544), relating to a report on 
        programs carried out by the Department of Defense to provide 
        training, equipment, or other assistance or reimbursement to 
        foreign security forces.
            (11) Section 1225 (128 Stat. 3550), relating to a report on 
        enhancing security and stability in Afghanistan.
            (12) Section 1245 (128 Stat. 3566), relating to a report on 
        military and security developments involving the Russian 
        Federation.
            (13) Section 2821(a)(3) (10 U.S.C. 2687 note), relating to 
        notice of any adjustment to the funding limitation on 
        implementation of the Record of Decision for the relocation of 
        Marine Corps forces to Guam.
    (e) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to 
reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66):
            (1) Section 704(e) (10 U.S.C. 1074 note), relating to a 
        report on the pilot program on investigational treatment of 
        members of the Armed Forces for traumatic brain injury and 
        post-traumatic stress disorder.
            (2) Sections 713(f), (g), and (h) (10 U.S.C. 1071 note), 
        relating to providing a financial summary of efforts to develop 
        interoperable electronic health records, updates on the 
        progress of data sharing, and information on executive 
        committee activities.
    (f) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to 
reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239):
            (1) Section 1009 (126 Stat. 1906), relating to a report on 
        the use of funds in the Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug 
        Activities, Defense-wide account.
            (2) Section 1023 (126 Stat. 1911), relating to a report on 
        recidivism of individuals who have been detained at United 
        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (g) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2011.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to 
reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383):
            (1) Section 123 (10 U.S.C. 167 note), relating to a report 
        on use of combat mission requirements funds.
            (2) Section 1631(d) (10 U.S.C. 1561 note), relating to a 
        report on sexual assaults involving members of the Armed Forces 
        and improvement to sexual assault prevention and response 
        program.
    (h) Reports Required by National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010.--Subject to subsection (b), subsection (a) applies to 
reporting requirements contained in the following sections of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 
111-84):
            (1) Section 711(d) (10 U.S.C. 1071 note), relating to a 
        report on the comprehensive policy on pain management by the 
        Military Health Care System.
            (2) Section 1003(b) (10 U.S.C. 2222 note), relating to a 
        report on implementation by the Department of Defense of the 
        Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness Plan.
            (3) Section 1245 (123 Stat. 2542), relating to a report on 
        military power of Iran.
    (i) Reports Required by Other Laws.--Subject to subsection (b), 
subsection (a) applies to reporting requirements contained in the 
following provisions of law:
            (1) Section 717(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 1073 
        note), relating to a report on TRICARE Program effectiveness.
            (2) Section 1202 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), 
        relating to a report on military and security developments 
        involving the People's Republic of China.
            (3) Section 1208(f) of the Ronald W. Reagan National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-
        375; 118 Stat. 2086), relating to a report on the provision of 
        support for special operations to combat terrorism.
            (4) Section 1405(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 10 U.S.C. 801 
        note), relating to a report on any modification made to the 
        procedures for status review of detainees outside the United 
        States.
            (5) Section 1017(e) of the John Warner National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
        U.S.C. 2631 note), relating to a report regarding overhaul, 
        repair, and maintenance performed on certain vessels in the 
        United States.
            (6) Section 1034(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 309), 
        relating to a report on the provision of support for non-
        Federal development and testing of material for chemical agent 
        defense.
            (7) Section 1236 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1641), 
        relating to a report on military and security developments 
        involving the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
            (8) Section 103A(b)(3) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670c-
        1(b)(3)), relating to a report on the disposition of certain 
        appropriated funds provided under cooperative and interagency 
        agreements for land management on installations.
            (9) Section 1511(h) of the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act 
        of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 411(h)), relating to a report on the 
        financial and other affairs of the Armed Forces Retirement 
        Home.
            (10) Section 901(f) of the Office of National Drug Control 
        Policy Reauthorization Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-469; 32 
        U.S.C. 112 note), as added by section 1008 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-
        239), relating to a report on the activities of the National 
        Guard counterdrug schools.
            (11) Section 14 of the Strategic and Critical Materials 
        Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h-5), relating to a report on the 
        requirements of the National Defense Stockpile.
            (12) Sections 1412(i) and (j) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521), as amended by section 
        1421 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383), relating to reports on 
        destruction of existing stockpile of lethal chemical agents and 
        munitions, including implementation by the United States of its 
        chemical weapons destruction obligations under the Chemical 
        Weapons Convention.
            (13) Section 1703 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1994 (50 U.S.C. 1523), relating to a report on 
        chemical and biological warfare defense.
            (14) Section 234 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1998 (50 U.S.C. 2367), relating to a report on 
        acquisition of technology relating to weapons of mass 
        destruction and their threat.
            (15) Section 105A(b) of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens 
        Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 20308(b)), as added by section 
        586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2010 (Public Law 111-84), relating to a report on effectiveness 
        of activities and utilization of certain procedures under 
        Federal Voting Assistance Program.
    (j) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1080(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``on the date that is two years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``November 
        25, 2017''; and
            (2) by striking ``effective''.

SEC. 1062. MATTERS FOR INCLUSION IN REPORT ON DESIGNATION OF COUNTRIES 
              FOR WHICH REWARDS MAY BE PAID UNDER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              REWARDS PROGRAM.

    Section 127b(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and justification'' 
        after ``reason''; and
            (2) by amending paragraph (3) to read as follows:
            ``(3) An estimate of the amount or value of the rewards to 
        be paid as monetary payment or payment-in-kind under this 
        section.''.

SEC. 1063. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF BIOLOGICAL SELECT AGENT AND 
              TOXIN THEFT, LOSS, OR RELEASE INVOLVING THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) Notification Requirement.--Not later than 15 days after notice 
of any theft, loss, or release of a biological select agent or toxin 
involving the Department of Defense is provided to the Centers for 
Disease Control and Prevention or the Animal and Plant Health 
Inspection Service, as specified by section 331.19 of part 7 of the 
Code of Federal Regulations, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
the congressional defense committees notice of such theft, loss, or 
release.
    (b) Elements.--Notice of a theft, loss, or release of a biological 
select agent or toxin under subsection (a) shall include each of the 
following:
            (1) The name of the agent or toxin and any identifying 
        information, including the strain or other relevant 
        characterization information.
            (2) An estimate of the quantity of the agent or toxin 
        stolen, lost, or released.
            (3) The location or facility from which the theft, loss, or 
        release occurred.
            (4) In the case of a release, any hazards posed by the 
        release and the number of individuals potentially exposed to 
        the agent or toxin.
            (5) Actions taken to respond to the theft, loss, or 
        release.

SEC. 1064. REPORT ON SERVICE-PROVIDED SUPPORT TO UNITED STATES SPECIAL 
              OPERATIONS FORCES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a written report on common service 
support contributed from each of the military services toward special 
operations forces. Such report shall include--
            (1) detailed information about the resources allocated by 
        each military service for combat support, combat service 
        support, and base operating support for special operations 
        forces; and
            (2) an assessment of the specific effects that future 
        manpower and force structure changes are likely to have on the 
        capability of each of the military services to provide common 
        service support to special operations forces.
    (b) Annual Updates.--For each of fiscal years 2018 through 2020, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees an update to the report required under subsection (a).
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) and 
each update provided under subsection (b) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

SEC. 1065. REPORT ON CITIZEN SECURITY RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE NORTHERN 
              TRIANGLE OF CENTRAL AMERICA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
State shall jointly prepare and submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report on military units that have been assigned to 
policing or citizen security responsibilities in Guatemala, Honduras, 
and El Salvador.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following:
            (1) The following information, as of the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, with respect to military units assigned 
        to policing or citizen security responsibilities in each of 
        Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador:
                    (A) The proportion of individuals in each such 
                country's military who participate in policing or 
                citizen security activities relative to the total 
                number of individuals in that country's military.
                    (B) Of the military units assigned to policing or 
                citizen security responsibilities, the types of units 
                conducting police activities.
                    (C) The role of the Department of Defense and the 
                Department of State in training individuals for 
                purposes of participation in such military units.
                    (D) The number of individuals who participated in 
                such military units who received training by the 
                Department of Defense, and the types of training they 
                received.
            (2) Any other information that the Secretary of Defense or 
        the Secretary of State determines to be necessary to help 
        better understand the relationships of the militaries of 
        Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador to public security in such 
        countries.
            (3) A description of the plan of the United States to 
        assist the militaries of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador 
        to carry out their responsibilities in a manner that adheres to 
        democratic principles.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    (d) Public Availability.--The unclassified matter of the report 
required by subsection (a) shall be posted on a publicly available 
Internet website of the Department of Defense and a publicly available 
Internet website of the Department of State.
    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on 
Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee 
on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

SEC. 1066. REPORT ON COUNTERPROLIFERATION ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a biennial report on the 
counterproliferation activities and programs of the Department of 
Defense. The Secretary shall submit the first such report by not later 
than May 1, 2017.
    (b) Matters Included.--Each report required under subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following:
            (1) A complete list and assessment of existing and proposed 
        capabilities and technologies for support of United States 
        nonproliferation policy and counterproliferation policy, with 
        regard to--
                    (A) interdiction;
                    (B) elimination;
                    (C) threat reduction cooperation;
                    (D) passive defenses;
                    (E) security cooperation and partner activities;
                    (F) offensive operations;
                    (G) active defenses; and
                    (H) weapons of mass destruction consequence 
                management.
            (2) For the existing and proposed capabilities and 
        technologies identified under paragraph (1), an identification 
        of goals, a description of ongoing efforts, and recommendations 
        for further enhancements.
            (3) A complete description of requirements and priorities 
        for the development and deployment of highly effective 
        capabilities and technologies, including identifying areas for 
        capability enhancement and deficiencies in existing 
        capabilities and technologies.
            (4) A comprehensive discussion of the near-term, mid-term, 
        and long-term programmatic options for meeting requirements and 
        eliminating deficiencies, including the annual funding 
        requirements and completion dates established for each such 
        option.
            (5) An outline of interagency activities and initiatives.
            (6) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Forms of Report.--Each report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    (d) Termination of Requirement.--No report shall be required to be 
submitted under this section after January 31, 2021.

SEC. 1067. INCLUSION OF BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE INFORMATION IN ANNUAL 
              REPORT ON REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (2)(A) of section 153(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting before the period the 
following: ``, including the integrated priorities list requirements 
for ballistic missile defense by the geographic combatant commands and 
the prioritized capabilities list for ballistic missile defense 
developed by the Commander of the United States Strategic Command''.
    (b) Report Duration.--Paragraph (1) of such section is amended by 
striking ``At or about'' and inserting ``During the period preceding 
January 31, 2021, at or about''.

SEC. 1068. REVIEWS BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONCERNING NATIONAL 
              SECURITY USE OF SPECTRUM.

    (a) Review and Report to the Congressional Defense Committees.--Not 
later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
every two years thereafter until January 31, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report containing the results of 
a comprehensive review conducted by the Secretary and the Chairman of 
all uses by the Department of Defense of spectrum. Such review shall 
include the use of spectrum in military plans, training, test, and in 
military capabilities that are in development or have been fielded for 
any known or potential impacts of sharing or repurposing of spectrum 
used or allocated to be used by the Department of Defense that may be 
reallocated or shared pursuant to a spectrum auction, sharing 
arrangement, or other arrangement, or that is otherwise identified as 
part of the 10-year plan developed by the National Telecommunications 
and Information Administration, and whether there are known or possible 
mitigations in the event of reallocation or sharing that they 
recommend, including exclusion zones, equipment modifications, 
development or procurement of new technology, or any other mitigation 
they believe will protect Department of Defense use of such spectrum, 
including projected or estimated potential costs of the same, and 
whether such costs will be borne out of Defense of Defense total 
obligation authority.
    (b) Certification.--At the time of the submission of the report 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary and the Chairman shall 
both certify that they understand any potential impacts to Department 
of Defense use of spectrum that could result from a spectrum auction, 
reallocation, or sharing arrangement as of that date, and submit such 
certification to the congressional defense committees.
    (c) Report of Non-concurrence or Veto.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall notify the congressional defense committees as to whether the 
Secretary has not concurred with or otherwise objected to the most 
recent version of the 10-year plan developed by the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration not later than 30 
days after the date of such non-concurrence or other objection.
    (d) Funding Withheld.--The Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff may not obligate more than 95 percent of the 
funding authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2017 for operation and maintenance for headquarters 
operations before the date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
report required by subsection (a) and the certification required under 
subsection (b) are submitted to the congressional defense committees.

SEC. 1069. ANNUAL REPORT ON PERSONNEL, TRAINING, AND EQUIPMENT 
              REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NON-FEDERALIZED NATIONAL GUARD TO 
              SUPPORT CIVILIAN AUTHORITIES IN PREVENTION AND RESPONSE 
              TO DOMESTIC DISASTERS.

    (a) Annual Report Required.--Section 10504 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Report.--'' and 
        inserting ``Report on State of the National Guard.--(1)'';
            (2) by striking ``(b) Submission of Report to Congress.--'' 
        and inserting ``(2)'';
            (3) by striking ``annual report of the Chief of the 
        National Guard Bureau'' and inserting ``annual report required 
        by paragraph (1)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection (b):
    ``(b) Annual Report on Non-Federalized Service National Guard 
Personnel, Training, and Equipment Requirements.--(1) Not later than 
January 31 of each of calendar years 2017 through 2021, the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees and the officials specified in paragraph (5) a report 
setting forth the personnel, training, and equipment required by the 
National Guard during the next fiscal year to carry out its mission, 
while not Federalized, to provide prevention, protection mitigation, 
response, and recovery activities in support of civilian authorities in 
connection with natural and man-made disasters.
    ``(2) To determine the annual personnel, training, and equipment 
requirements of the National Guard referred to in paragraph (1), the 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall take into account, at a 
minimum, the following:
            ``(A) Core civilian capabilities gaps for the prevention, 
        protection, mitigation, response, and recovery activities in 
        connection with natural and man-made disasters, as collected by 
        the Department of Homeland Security from the States.
            ``(B) Threat and hazard identifications and risk 
        assessments of the Department of Defense, the Department of 
        Homeland Security, and the States.
    ``(3) Personnel, training, and equipment requirements shall be 
collected from the States, validated by the Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau, and be categorized in the report required by paragraph (1) by 
each of the following:
            ``(A) Emergency support functions of the National Response 
        Framework.
            ``(B) Federal Emergency Management Agency regions.
    ``(4) The annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be prepared 
in consultation with the chief executive of each State, other 
appropriate civilian authorities, and the Council of Governors.
    ``(5) In addition to the congressional defense committees, the 
annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted to the 
following officials:
            ``(A) The Secretary of Defense.
            ``(B) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
            ``(C) The Council of Governors.
            ``(D) The Secretary of the Army.
            ``(E) The Secretary of the Air Force.
            ``(F) The Commander of the United States Northern Command.
            ``(G) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 10504. Chief of the National Guard Bureau: annual reports''.
            (2) Table of contents.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 1011 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 10504 and 
        inserting the following new section:

``10504. Chief of the National Guard Bureau: annual reports.''.

SEC. 1070. BRIEFING ON CRITERIA FOR DETERMINING LOCATIONS OF AIR FORCE 
              INSTALLATION AND MISSION SUPPORT CENTER HEADQUARTERS.

    (a) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall provide a 
briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives on the Department of the Air Force's process and 
reasoning for using proximity to primary medium commercial hub airports 
as part of the mission criteria for the Air Force Installation and 
Mission Support Center headquarters strategic basing process.
    (b) Contents of Briefing.--The briefing under subsection (a) will 
specifically address the rationale behind the distance categories used 
to allocate points under this mission criteria referred to in 
subsection (a), and shall provide references to any existing government 
guidance that supports use of these distance categories. In addition, 
the briefing shall include an analysis regarding the reasons why the 
Department did not consider commuting times as a more equitable way of 
determining proximity to commercial hub airports that would account for 
the impact of different traffic conditions across the candidate 
locations.

SEC. 1071. REPORT ON TESTING AND INTEGRATION OF MINEHUNTING SONAR 
              SYSTEMS TO IMPROVE LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP MINEHUNTING 
              CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Report to Congress.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that contains the findings of an assessment of all 
operational minehunting Synthetic Aperture Sonar (hereinafter referred 
to as ``SAS'') technologies suitable to meet the requirements for use 
on the Littoral Combat Ship Mine Countermeasures Mission Package.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) an explanation of the future acquisition strategy for 
        the minehunting mission package;
            (2) specific details regarding the capabilities of all in-
        production SAS systems available for integration into the 
        Littoral Combat Ship Mine Countermeasure Mission Package;
            (3) an assessment of key performance parameters for the 
        Littoral Combat Ship Mine Countermeasures Mission Package with 
        each of the assessed SAS technologies; and
            (4) a review of the Department of the Navy's efforts to 
        evaluate SAS technologies in operation with allied Navies for 
        future use on the Littoral Combat Ship Mine Countermeasures 
        Mission Package.
    (c) System Testing.--The Secretary of the Navy is encouraged to 
perform at-sea testing and experimentation of sonar systems in order to 
provide data in support of the assessment required by subsection (a).

SEC. 1072. REPORT ON CARRIER AIR WING FORCE STRUCTURE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
impact of changes to existing carrier air wing force structure and the 
impact a potential reduction to 9 carrier air wings would have on 
overall fleet readiness if aircraft and personnel were to be 
distributed throughout the remaining 9 air wings.

SEC. 1073. QUARTERLY REPORTS ON PARACHUTE JUMPS CONDUCTED AT FORT BRAGG 
              AND POPE ARMY AIRFIELD AND AIR FORCE SUPPORT FOR SUCH 
              JUMPS.

    (a) Report Required.--Until January 31, 2020, the Secretary of the 
Air Force and the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate 
quarterly reports--
            (1) specifying the number of parachute jumps conducted at 
        Fort Bragg and Pope Army Airfield, North Carolina, during the 
        three-month period covered by the report; and
            (2) describing and evaluating the level of air support 
        provided by the Air Force for those jumps.
    (b) Joint Airborne Air Transportability Training Contracts.--As 
part of each report submitted under subsection (a), the Secretaries 
shall specifically provide the following:
            (1) The number of Joint Airborne Air Transportability 
        Training contracts requested during the three-month period 
        covered by the report by all units located at Fort Bragg and 
        Pope Army Airfield.
            (2) The number of Joint Airborne Air Transportability 
        Training contracts validated during the three-month period 
        covered by the report for units located at Fort Bragg and Pope 
        Army Airfield.
            (3) The number of Joint Airborne Air Transportability 
        Training contracts not validated during the three-month period 
        covered by the report for units located at Fort Bragg and Pope 
        Army Airfield.
            (4) In the case of each Joint Airborne Air Transportability 
        Training contract identified pursuant to paragraph (3), the 
        reason the contract was not validated.

SEC. 1074. BRIEFING ON REAL PROPERTY INVENTORY.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives on the 
status of the Installation Geospatial Information and Services of the 
Department of Defense as it relates to the real property inventory of 
the Department, and the extent to which the Department has made use of 
the cadastral geographic information systems-based real property 
inventory.
    (b) Matters Covered.--The briefing required by subsection (a) 
shall, at a minimum, cover the following:
            (1) The status of current policies of the Department 
        governing real property inventories and the use of geospatial 
        information systems, the status of real property inventory in 
        relation to the financial improvement and audit readiness 
        efforts of the Department, and the status of implementation of 
        Department of Defense Instruction 8130.01, Installation 
        Geospatial Information and Services (IGI&S).
            (2) The extent to which the Department is coordinating with 
        the Federal Geographic Data Committee, other Federal agencies, 
        and State and local governments, and how existing Department 
        standards and common protocols ensure that the interoperability 
        of geospatial information complies with section 216 of the E-
        Government Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-347; 44 U.S.C. 3501 
        note) and Executive Orders 12906 and 13327.
            (3) The existing real property inventories systems or any 
        components of any cadastre currently authorized by law or 
        conducted by the Department of Defense, the statutory 
        authorization for such inventories or components, and the 
        amount expended by the Federal Government for each such 
        activity in fiscal year 2015.
            (4) A discussion of the Department's ability to make this 
        information publicly available on the Internet in a graphically 
        geo-enabled and searchable format, and how the Department plans 
        to prevent the disclosure of any parcel or parcels of land, any 
        buildings or facilities on any such parcel, or any information 
        related to any such parcel, building, or facility, if such 
        disclosure would impair or jeopardize the national security or 
        homeland defense of the United States.
            (5) Any additional topics identified by the Secretary.

SEC. 1075. REPORT ON ADJUSTMENT AND DIVERSIFICATION ASSISTANCE.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on the adjustment 
and diversification assistance authorized by subsections (b) and (c) of 
section 2391 of title 10, United States Code. Such briefing shall 
include each of the following:
            (1) A description of the activities and programs currently 
        being conducted under subsections (b)(1) and (c) of such 
        section, including a list of the recipients of grants, and 
        amount received by each recipient, of such activities and 
        programs in each of the five most recent fiscal years.
            (2) For each of the five fiscal years preceding the fiscal 
        year during which the briefing is conducted, separate estimates 
        of the funding the Department of Defense has directed to 
        activities under each of clauses (A) through (E) of paragraph 
        (1) of subsection (b) and under subsection (c) of such section 
        and the recipients of such funding.

SEC. 1076. BRIEFING ON THE PROTECTION OF PERSONALLY IDENTIFYING 
              INFORMATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the efforts of the Department of Defense to 
protect the personally identifiable information of members of the Armed 
Forces and their families, and of employees of the Department of 
Defense, which shall include--
            (1) current and planned initiatives to protect the 
        personally identifying information of members of the Armed 
        Forces and their families, and employees of the Department of 
        Defense;
            (2) the challenges encountered in carrying out the 
        activities described in paragraph (1); and
            (3) any trends related to fraudulent activity that targets 
        the personally identifying information of members of the Armed 
        Forces or their families, or employees of the Department of 
        Defense.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 1081. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
            (1) Section 130h is amended by striking ``subsection (a) 
        and (b)'' both places it appears and inserting ``subsections 
        (a) and (b)''.
            (2) Section 187(a)(2)(C) is amended by striking 
        ``Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology'' and inserting 
        ``Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics''.
            (3) Section 196(c)(1)(A)(ii) is amended by striking 
        ``section 139(i)'' and inserting ``section 139(j)''.
            (4) Subsection (b)(1)(B) of section 1415, to be added by 
        section 633(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 848), is amended 
        by adding a period at the end of clause (ii).
            (5) Section 1705(g)(1) is amended by striking ``of of'' and 
        inserting ``of''.
            (6) Section 2222 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)(1)(B), by inserting ``to'' 
                before ``eliminate'';
                    (B) in subsection (g)(1)(E) by inserting ``the 
                system'' before ``is in compliance''; and
                    (C) in subsection (i)(5), by striking ``program'' 
                in the heading.
    (b) Amendments Related to Elimination of Title 50 Appendix.--
            (1) Military selective service act citation changes.--
                    (A) Title 10, united states code.--Title 10, United 
                States Code, is amended as follows:
                            (i) Section 101(d)(6)(B)(v) is amended by 
                        striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 460(b)(2))'' and 
                        inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3809(b)(2))''.
                            (ii) Section 513(c) is amended--
                                    (I) by striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 
                                451 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(50 
                                U.S.C. 3801 et seq.)''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                                3806(c)(2)(A))'' after ``of that Act''.
                            (iii) Section 523(b)(7) is amended by 
                        striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 460(b)(2))'' and 
                        inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3809(b)(2))''.
                            (iv) Section 651(a) is amended by striking 
                        ``(50 U.S.C. App. 456(d)(1))'' and inserting 
                        ``(50 U.S.C. 3806(d)(1))''.
                            (v) Section 671(c)(1) is amended by 
                        striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 454(a))'' and 
                        inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3803(a))''.
                            (vi) Section 1475(a)(5)(B) is amended by 
                        striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.)'' and 
                        inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.)''.
                            (vii) Section 12103 is amended--
                                    (I) in subsections (b) and (d), by 
                                striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 451 et 
                                seq.)'' both places it appears and 
                                inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 3801 et seq.)''; 
                                and
                                    (II) in subsection (d), by striking 
                                ``section 6(c)(2)(A)(ii) and (iii) of 
                                such Act'' and inserting ``clauses (ii) 
                                and (iii) of section 6(c)(2)(A) of such 
                                Act (50 U.S.C. 3806(c)(2)(A))''.
                            (viii) Section 12104(a) is amended by 
                        striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.)'' both 
                        places it appears and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                        3801 et seq.)''.
                            (ix) Section 12208(a) is amended by 
                        striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 451 et seq.)'' both 
                        places it appears and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                        3801 et seq.)''.
                    (B) Title 37, united states code.--Section 
                209(a)(1) of title 37, United States Code is amended by 
                striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 456(d)(1))'' and inserting 
                ``(50 U.S.C. 3806(d)(1))''.
            (2) Servicemembers civil relief act citation changes.--
        Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
                    (A) Section 987 is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (e)(2), by inserting 
                        ``(50 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.)'' before the 
                        semicolon; and
                            (ii) in subsection (g), by striking ``(50 
                        U.S.C. App. 527)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                        3937)''.
                    (B) Section 1408(b)(1)(D) is amended by striking 
                ``(50 U.S.C. App. 501 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(50 
                U.S.C. 3901 et seq.)''.
            (3) Export administration act of 1979 citation changes.--
        Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
                    (A) Section 130(a) is amended by striking ``(50 
                U.S.C. App. 2401-2420)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                4601 et seq.)''.
                    (B) Section 2249a(a)(1) is amended by striking 
                ``(50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)(A))'' and inserting ``(50 
                U.S.C. 4605(j)(1)(A))''.
                    (C) Section 2327 is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (a), by striking ``(50 
                        U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)(A))'' and inserting 
                        ``(50 U.S.C. 4605(j)(1)(A))''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (b)(2), by striking 
                        ``(50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)(1)(A))'' and 
                        inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4605(j)(1)(A))''.
                    (D) Section 2410i(a) is amended by striking ``(50 
                U.S.C. App. 2402(5)(A))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                4602(5)(A))''.
                    (E) Section 7430(e) is amended by striking ``(50 
                U.S.C. App. 2401 et seq.)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                4601 et seq.)''.
            (4) Defense production act of 1950 citation changes.--Title 
        10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
                    (A) Section 139c of title 10, United States Code, 
                is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (b)--
                                    (I) in paragraph (11), by striking 
                                ``(50 U.S.C. App. 2171)'' and inserting 
                                ``(50 U.S.C. 4567)''; and
                                    (II) in paragraph (12)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``(50 
                                        U.S.C. App. 2062(b))'' and 
                                        inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                                        4502(b))''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``(50 
                                        U.S.C. App. 2061 et seq.)'' and 
                                        inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4501 et 
                                        seq.)''; and
                            (ii) in subsection (c), by striking ``(50 
                        U.S.C. App. 2170(k))'' and inserting ``(50 
                        U.S.C. 4565(k))''.
                    (B) Section 2537(c) is amended by striking ``(50 
                U.S.C. App. 2170(a))'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 
                4565(a))''.
                    (C) Section 9511(6) is amended by striking ``(50 
                U.S.C. App. 2071)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4511)''.
                    (D) Section 9513(e) is amended by striking ``(50 
                U.S.C. App. 2071)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4511)''.
            (5) Merchant ship sales act of 1946 citation changes.--
        Section 2218 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)(1)(E), by striking ``(50 
                U.S.C. App. 1744)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4405)''; 
                and
                    (B) in subsection (k)(3)(B), by striking ``(50 
                U.S.C. App. 1744)'' and inserting ``(50 U.S.C. 4405)''.
    (c) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.--
Effective as of November 25, 2015, and as if included therein as 
enacted, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
(Public Law 114-92) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 563(a) is amended by striking ``Section 
        5(c)(5)'' and inserting ``Section 5(c)(2)''.
            (2) Section 883(a)(2) (129 Stat. 947) is amended by 
        striking ``such chapter'' and inserting ``chapter 131 of such 
        title''.
            (3) Section 883 (129 Stat. 942) is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Conforming Amendments.--
            ``(1) Effective on the effective date specified in 
        subsection (a)(1) of section 901 of the Carl Levin and Howard 
        P. `Buck' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3462; 10 U.S.C. 132a 
        note), section 2222 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    ``(A) by striking `Deputy Chief Management Officer 
                of the Department of Defense' each place it appears in 
                subsections (c)(2), (e)(1), (g)(2)(A), (g)(2)(B)(ii), 
                and (i)(5)(B) and inserting `Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Business Management and Information'; and
                    ``(B) by striking `Deputy Chief Management Officer' 
                in subsection (f)(1) and inserting `Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Business Management and Information'.
            ``(2) The second paragraph (3) of section 901(k) of such 
        Act (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3468; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) 
        is repealed.''.
            (4) Section 1079(a) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Annual Report on Prizes for Advanced Technology 
Achievements.--Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            ``(1) by striking subsection (f); and
            ``(2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).''.
            (5) Section 1086(f)(11)(A) is amended by striking ``Not 
        later than\ one year'' and inserting ``Not later than one 
        year''.
    (d) Coordination With Other Amendments Made by This Act.--For 
purposes of applying amendments made by provisions of this Act other 
than this section, the amendments made by this section shall be treated 
as having been enacted immediately before any such amendments by other 
provisions of this Act.

SEC. 1082. MODIFICATION TO SUPPORT FOR NON-FEDERAL DEVELOPMENT AND 
              TESTING OF MATERIAL FOR CHEMICAL AGENT DEFENSE.

    Section 1034 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking ``report on the use of the 
                authority under subsection (a)'' and all that follows 
                and inserting ``report that includes--''
                    ``(A) a description of--
                            ``(i) each use of the authority under 
                        subsection (a); and
                            ``(ii) for each such use, the specific 
                        material made available and to whom it was made 
                        available; and
                    ``(B) a description of--
                            ``(i) any instance in which the Department 
                        of Defense made available to a State, a unit of 
                        local government, or a private entity any 
                        biological select agent or toxin for the 
                        development or testing of any biodefense 
                        technology; and
                            ``(ii) for each such instance, the specific 
                        material made available and to whom it was made 
                        available.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) The requirement to submit a report under paragraph 
        (1) shall terminate on January 31, 2021.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``this section'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``this section:''
            ``(1) The terms `precursor', `protective purposes', and 
        `toxic chemical' have the meanings given those terms in the 
        convention referred to in subsection (c), in paragraph 2, 
        paragraph 9(b), and paragraph 1, respectively, of article II of 
        that convention.
            ``(2) The term `biological select agent or toxin' means any 
        agent or toxin identified under any of the following:
                    ``(A) Section 331.3 of title 7, Code of Federal 
                Regulations.
                    ``(B) Section 121.3 or section 121.4 of title 9, 
                Code of Federal Regulations.
                    ``(C) Section 73.3 or section 73.4 of title 42, 
                Code of Federal Regulations.''.

SEC. 1083. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT AVAILABLE FOR EQUIPMENT, 
              SERVICES, AND SUPPLIES PROVIDED FOR HUMANITARIAN DEMINING 
              ASSISTANCE.

    Section 407(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$10,000,000'' and inserting ``$15,000,000''.

SEC. 1084. LIQUIDATION OF UNPAID CREDITS ACCRUED AS A RESULT OF 
              TRANSACTIONS UNDER A CROSS-SERVICING AGREEMENT.

    (a) Liquidation of Unpaid Credits.--Section 2345 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(c)(1) Any credits of the United States accrued as a result of 
the provision of logistic support, supplies, and services under the 
authority of this subchapter that remain unliquidated more than 18 
months after the date of delivery of the logistic support, supplies, or 
services may, at the option of the Secretary of Defense, with the 
concurrence of the Secretary of State, be liquidated by offsetting the 
credits against any amount owed by the Department of Defense, pursuant 
to a transaction or transactions concluded under the authority of this 
subchapter, to the government or international organization to which 
the logistic support, supplies, or services were provided by the United 
States.
    ``(2) The amount of any credits offset pursuant to paragraph (1) 
shall be credited as specified in section 2346 of this title as if it 
were a receipt of the United States.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (c) of section 2345 of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with 
respect to credits accrued by the United States that--
            (1) were accrued prior to, and remain unpaid as of, the 
        date of the enactment of this Act; or
            (2) are accrued after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act.

SEC. 1085. CLARIFICATION OF CONTRACTS COVERED BY AIRLIFT SERVICE 
              PROVISION.

    Section 9516 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Contract for Airlift Service Defined.--In this section, the 
term `contract for airlift service' means--
            ``(1) a contract with the Department of Defense for airlift 
        service;
            ``(2) any contract with the Department of Defense other 
        than a contract described in paragraph (1), if transportation 
        services are used in the performance of the contract; or
            ``(3) any subcontract (at any tier) under a contract 
        described in paragraph (1) or (2) if the subcontract is for 
        airlift service or if transportation services are used in the 
        performance of the subcontract.''.

SEC. 1086. NATIONAL BIODEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) Strategy and Implementation Plan Required.--The Secretary of 
Defense, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, and the Secretary of Agriculture shall jointly 
develop a national biodefense strategy and associated implementation 
plan, which shall include a review and assessment of biodefense 
policies, practices, programs and initiatives. Such Secretaries shall 
review and, as appropriate, revise the strategy biennially.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy and associated implementation plan 
required under subsection (a) shall include each of the following:
            (1) An inventory and assessment of all existing strategies, 
        plans, policies, laws, and interagency agreements related to 
        biodefense, including prevention, deterrence, preparedness, 
        detection, response, attribution, recovery, and mitigation.
            (2) A description of the biological threats, including 
        biological warfare, bioterrorism, naturally occurring 
        infectious diseases, and accidental exposures.
            (3) A description of the current programs, efforts, or 
        activities of the United States Government with respect to 
        preventing the acquisition, proliferation, and use of a 
        biological weapon, preventing an accidental or naturally 
        occurring biological outbreak, and mitigating the effects of a 
        biological epidemic.
            (4) A description of the roles and responsibilities of the 
        Executive Agencies, including internal and external 
        coordination procedures, in identifying and sharing information 
        related to, warning of, and protection against, acts of 
        terrorism using biological agents and weapons and accidental or 
        naturally occurring biological outbreaks.
            (5) An articulation of related or required interagency 
        capabilities and whole-of-Government activities required to 
        support the national biodefense strategy.
            (6) Recommendations for strengthening and improving the 
        current biodefense capabilities, authorities, and command 
        structures of the United States Government.
            (7) Recommendations for improving and formalizing 
        interagency coordination and support mechanisms with respect to 
        providing a robust national biodefense.
            (8) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense, the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of 
        Homeland Security, and the Secretary of Agriculture determine 
        necessary.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 275 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and 
the Secretary of Agriculture shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees the strategy and associated implementation 
plan required by subsection (a). The strategy and implementation plan 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
    (d) Briefings.--Not later than March 1, 2017, and annually 
thereafter until March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary 
of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and 
the Secretary of Agriculture shall provide to the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Energy and 
Commerce of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland 
Security of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives a joint briefing on the 
strategy developed under subsection (a) and the status of the 
implementation of such strategy.
    (e) GAO Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
submittal of the strategy and implementation plan under subsection (c), 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a review of 
the strategy and implementation plan to analyze gaps and resources 
mapped against the requirements of the National Biodefense Strategy and 
existing United States biodefense policy documents.
    (f) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
            (1) The congressional defense committees.
            (2) The Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, 
        and Pensions of the Senate.
            (3) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
            (4) The Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, 
        and Forestry of the Senate.

SEC. 1087. GLOBAL CULTURAL KNOWLEDGE NETWORK.

    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army shall carry out 
a program to support the socio-cultural understanding needs of the 
Department of the Army, to be known as the Global Cultural Knowledge 
Network.
    (b) Goals.--The Global Cultural Knowledge Network shall support the 
following goals:
            (1) Provide socio-cultural analysis support to any unit 
        deployed, or preparing to deploy, to an exercise or operation 
        in the assigned region of responsibility of the unit being 
        supported.
            (2) Make recommendations or support policy development to 
        increase the social science expertise of military and civilian 
        personnel of the Department of the Army.
            (3) Provide reimbursable support to other military 
        departments or Federal agencies if requested through an 
        operational needs request process.
    (c) Elements of the Program.--The Global Cultural Knowledge Network 
shall include the following elements:
            (1) A center in the continental United States (referred to 
        in this section as a ``reach-back center'') to support requests 
        for information and analysis.
            (2) Outreach to academic institutions and other Federal 
        agencies involved in social science research to increase the 
        network of resources for the reach-back center.
            (3) Training with operational units during annual training 
        exercises or during pre-deployment training.
            (4) The training, contracting, and human resources capacity 
        to rapidly respond to contingencies in which social science 
        expertise is requested by operational commanders through an 
        operational needs request process.
    (d) Directive Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall issue a 
directive within one year after the date of the enactment of this Act 
for the governance of the Global Cultural Knowledge Network, including 
oversight and process controls for auditing the activities of personnel 
of the Network, the employment of the Global Cultural Knowledge Network 
by operation forces, and processes for requesting support by 
operational Army units and other Department of Defense and Federal 
entities.
    (e) Prohibition on Deployments Under Global Cultural Knowledge 
Network.--
            (1) Prohibition.--The Secretary of the Army may not deploy 
        social scientists in a conflict zone.
            (2) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the 
        prohibition in paragraph (1) if the Secretary submits, at least 
        10 days before the deployment, to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate--
                    (A) notice of the waiver; and
                    (B) a certification that there is a compelling 
                national security interest for the deployment or there 
                will be a benefit to the safety and welfare of members 
                of the Armed Forces from the deployment.
            (3) Elements of waiver notice.--A waiver notice under this 
        subsection also shall include the following:
                    (A) The operational unit, or units, requesting 
                support, including the location or locations where the 
                social scientists are to be deployed.
                    (B) The number of Global Cultural Knowledge Network 
                personnel to be deployed and the anticipated duration 
                of such deployments.
                    (C) The anticipated resource needs for such 
                deployment.

SEC. 1088. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO MANAGEMENT OF 
              MILITARY TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Conversion of Certain Military Technician (dual Status) 
Positions.--Subsection (a) of section 1053 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
981; 10 U.S.C. 10216 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph (1):
            ``(1) In general.--By not later than October 1, 2017, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall convert not fewer than 20 percent of 
        all military technician positions to positions filled by 
        individuals who are employed under section 3101 of title 5, 
        United States Code, or section 1601 of title 10, United States 
        Code, or serving under section 328 of title 32, United States 
        Code, and are not military technicians. The positions to be 
        converted are described in paragraph (2).'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``in the report'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``by the Army Reserve, the Air Force 
        Reserve, the National Guard Bureau, and the State adjutants 
        general in the course of reviewing all military technician 
        positions for purposes of implementing this section.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``may fill'' and 
        inserting ``shall fill''.
    (b) Conversion of Army Reserve, Air Force Reserve, and National 
Guard Non-dual Status Positions.--Subsection (e) of section 10217 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Conversion of Positions.--(1) No individual may be newly 
hired or employed, or rehired or reemployed, as a non-dual status 
technician for purposes of this section after September 30, 2017.
    ``(2) On October 1, 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall convert 
all non-dual status technicians to positions filled by individuals who 
are employed under section 3101 of title 5 or section 1601 of this 
title and are not military technicians.
    ``(3) In the case of a position converted under paragraph (2) for 
which there is an incumbent employee on October 1, 2017, the Secretary 
shall fill that position, as converted, with the incumbent employee 
without regard to any requirement concerning competition or competitive 
hiring procedures.
    ``(4) Any individual newly hired or employed, or rehired or 
employed, to a position required to be filled by reason of paragraph 
(1) shall an individual employed in such position under section 3101 of 
title 5 or section 1601 of this title.''.
    (c) Report on Conversion of Military Technician Positions to 
Personnel Performing Active Guard and Reserve Duty.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2017, the 
        Secretary of Defense, shall in consultation with the Chief of 
        the National Guard Bureau, submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report on the feasibility and advisability of converting any 
        remaining military technicians (dual status) to personnel 
        performing active Guard and Reserve duty under section 328 of 
        title 32, United States Code, or other applicable provisions of 
        law. The report shall include the following:
                    (A) An analysis of the fully-burdened costs of the 
                conversion taking into account the new modernized 
                military retirement system.
                    (B) An assessment of the ratio of members of the 
                Armed Forces performing active Guard and Reserve duty 
                and civilian employees of the Department of Defense 
                under title 5, United States Code, required to best 
                contribute to the readiness of the National Guard and 
                the Reserves.
            (2) Active guard and reserve duty defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``active Guard and Reserve duty'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101(d)(6) of title 10, 
        United States Code.

SEC. 1089. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING CONNECTICUT'S SUBMARINE CENTURY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) On March 2, 1867, Congress enacted a naval 
        appropriations Act that authorized the Secretary of the Navy to 
        ``receive and accept a deed of gift, when offered by the State 
        of Connecticut, of a tract of land with not less than one mile 
        of shore front on the Thames River near New London, 
        Connecticut, to be held by the United States for naval 
        purposes''.
            (2) The people of Connecticut and the towns and cities in 
        the southeastern region of Connecticut subsequently gifted land 
        to establish a military installation to fulfil the Nation's 
        need for a naval facility on the Atlantic coast.
            (3) On April 11, 1868, the Navy accepted the deed of gift 
        of land from Connecticut to establish a naval yard and storage 
        depot along the eastern shore of the Thames River in Groton, 
        Connecticut.
            (4) Between 1868 and 1912, the New London Navy Yard 
        supported a diverse range of missions, including berthing 
        inactive Civil War era ironclad warships and serving as a 
        coaling station for refueling naval ships traveling in New 
        England waters.
            (5) Congress rejected the Navy's proposal to close New 
        London Navy Yard in 1912, following an impassioned effort by 
        Congressman Edwin W. Higgins, who stated that ``this action 
        proposed is not only unjust but unreasonable and unsound as a 
        military proposition''.
            (6) The outbreak of World War I and the enemy use of 
        submarines to sink allied military and civilian ships in the 
        Atlantic sparked a new focus on developing submarine 
        capabilities in the United States.
            (7) October 18, 1915, marked the arrival at the New London 
        Navy Yard of the submarines G-1, G-2, and G-4 under the care of 
        the tender U.S.S. OZARK, soon followed by the arrival of 
        submarines E-1, D-1, and D-3 under the care of the tender 
        U.S.S. TONOPAH, and on November 1, 1915, the arrival of the 
        first ship built as a submarine tender, the U.S.S. FULTON (AS-
        1).
            (8) On June 21, 1916, Commander Yeates Stirling assumed the 
        command of the newly designated Naval Submarine Base New 
        London, the New London Submarine Flotilla, and the Submarine 
        School.
            (9) In the 100 years since the arrival of the first 
        submarines to the base, Naval Submarine Base New London has 
        grown to occupy more than 680 acres along the east side of the 
        Thames River, with more than 160 major facilities, 15 nuclear 
        submarines, and more than 70 tenant commands and activities, 
        including the Submarine Learning Center, Naval Submarine 
        School, the Naval Submarine Medical Research Laboratory, the 
        Naval Undersea Medical Institute, and the newly established 
        Undersea Warfighting Development Center.
            (10) In addition to being the site of the first submarine 
        base in the United States, Connecticut was home to the foremost 
        submarine manufacturers of the time, the Lake Torpedo Boat 
        Company in Bridgeport and the Electric Boat Company in Groton, 
        which later became General Dynamics Electric Boat.
            (11) General Dynamics Electric Boat, its talented 
        workforce, and its Connecticut-based and nationwide network of 
        suppliers have delivered more than 200 submarines from its 
        current location in Groton, Connecticut, including the first 
        nuclear-powered submarine, the U.S.S. NAUTILUS (SSN 571), and 
        nearly half of the nuclear submarines ever built by the United 
        States.
            (12) The Submarine Force Library and Museum, located 
        adjacent to Naval Submarine Base New London in Groton, 
        Connecticut, is the only submarine museum operated by the 
        United States Navy and today serves as the primary repository 
        for artifacts, documents, and photographs relating to the bold 
        and courageous history of the Submarine Force and highlights as 
        its core exhibit the Historic Ship NAUTILUS (SSN 571) following 
        her retirement from service.
            (13) Reflecting the close ties between Connecticut and the 
        Navy that began with the gift of land that established the 
        base, the State of Connecticut has set aside $40,000,000 in 
        funding for critical infrastructure investments to support the 
        mission of the base, including construction of a new dive 
        locker building, expansion of the Submarine Learning Center, 
        and modernization of energy infrastructure.
            (14) On September 29, 2015, Connecticut Governor Dannel 
        Malloy designated October 2015 through October 2016 as 
        Connecticut's Submarine Century, a year-long observance that 
        celebrates 100 years of submarine activity in Connecticut, 
        including the Town of Groton's distinction as the Submarine 
        Capital of the World, to coincide with the centennial 
        anniversary of the establishment of Naval Submarine Base New 
        London and the Naval Submarine School.
            (15) Whereas Naval Submarine Base New London still proudly 
        proclaims its motto of ``The First and Finest''.
            (16) Congressman Higgins' statement before Congress in 1912 
        that ``Connecticut stands ready, as she always has, to bear her 
        part of the burdens of the national defense'' remains true 
        today.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) commends the longstanding dedication and contribution 
        to the Navy and submarine force by the people of Connecticut, 
        both through the initial deed of gift that established what 
        would become Naval Submarine Base New London and through their 
        ongoing commitment to support the mission of the base and the 
        Navy personnel assigned to it;
            (2) honors the submariners who have trained and served at 
        Naval Submarine Base New London throughout its history in 
        support of the Nation's security and undersea superiority;
            (3) recognizes the contribution of the industry and 
        workforce of Connecticut in designing, building, and sustaining 
        the Navy's submarine fleet; and
            (4) encourages the recognition of Connecticut's Submarine 
        Century by Congress, the Navy, and the American people by 
        honoring the contribution of the people of Connecticut to the 
        defense of the United States and the important role of the 
        submarine force in safeguarding the security of the United 
        States for more than a century.

SEC. 1090. LNG PERMITTING CERTAINTY AND TRANSPARENCY.

    (a) Action on Applications.--
            (1) Decision deadline.--For proposals that must also obtain 
        authorization from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or 
        the United States Maritime Administration to site, construct, 
        expand, or operate LNG export facilities, the Department of 
        Energy shall issue a final decision on any application for the 
        authorization to export natural gas under section 3 of the 
        Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b) not later than 30 days after 
        the later of--
                    (A) the conclusion of the review to site, 
                construct, expand, or operate the LNG facilities 
                required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 
                1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); or
                    (B) the date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Conclusion of review.--For purposes of paragraph (1), 
        review required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 
        1969 shall be considered concluded--
                    (A) for a project requiring an Environmental Impact 
                Statement, 30 days after publication of a Final 
                Environmental Impact Statement;
                    (B) for a project for which an Environmental 
                Assessment has been prepared, 30 days after publication 
                by the Department of Energy of a Finding of No 
                Significant Impact; and
                    (C) upon a determination by the lead agency that an 
                application is eligible for a categorical exclusion 
                pursuant National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 
                implementing regulations.
            (3) Judicial action.--(A) The United States Court of 
        Appeals for the circuit in which the export facility will be 
        located pursuant to an application described in paragraph (1) 
        shall have original jurisdiction over any civil action for the 
        review of--
                    (i) an order issued by the Department of Energy 
                with respect to such application; or
                    (ii) the Department of Energy's failure to issue a 
                final decision on such application.
            (B) If the Court in a civil action described in 
        subparagraph (A) finds that the Department of Energy has failed 
        to issue a final decision on the application as required under 
        paragraph (1), the Court shall order the Department of Energy 
        to issue such final decision not later than 30 days after the 
        Court's order.
            (C) The Court shall set any civil action brought under this 
        paragraph for expedited consideration and shall set the matter 
        on the docket as soon as practical after the filing date of the 
        initial pleading.
    (b) Public Disclosure of Export Destinations.--Section 3 of the 
Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(g) Public Disclosure of LNG Export Destinations.--As a condition 
for approval of any authorization to export LNG, the Secretary of 
Energy shall require the applicant to publicly disclose the specific 
destination or destinations of any such authorized LNG exports.''.

SEC. 1091. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE REPORTING OF THE MV-22 
              MISHAP IN MARANA, ARIZONA, ON APRIL 8, 2000.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) in the report accompanying H.R. 1735 of the 114th 
        Congress (House Report 114-102), the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives encouraged the 
        Secretary of Defense to ``publicly clarify the causes of the 
        MV-22 mishap at Marana Northwest Regional Airport, Arizona, in 
        a way consistent with the results of all investigations as soon 
        as possible'';
            (2) the Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert O. Work did an 
        excellent job reviewing the investigations of such mishap and 
        concluded that there was a misrepresentation of facts by the 
        media which incorrectly identified pilot error as the cause of 
        the mishap which the Deputy Secretary publicly made known in 
        March 2016; and
            (3) Congress is grateful for the successful conclusion to 
        this tragic situation.

SEC. 1092. TRANSFER OF SURPLUS FIREARMS TO CORPORATION FOR THE 
              PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE AND FIREARMS SAFETY.

    (a) In General.--Section 40728(h) of title 36, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary may transfer'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall 
        transfer'';
            (2) by striking ``The Secretary shall determine a 
        reasonable schedule for the transfer of such surplus 
        pistols.''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (2).
    (b) Pilot Program.--Section 1087 of National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1012) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``may'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``shall''; and
                    (B) by striking ``not more than 10,000''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 1093. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE IMPORTANCE OF PANAMA CITY, 
              FLORIDA, TO THE HISTORY AND FUTURE OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) On December 6, 1941--one day before the attack on Pearl 
        Harbor--the War Department established Tyndall Field as an Army 
        Air Force gunnery school in Panama City, Florida.
            (2) Tyndall Field was named in honor of native Floridian 
        Lieutenant Francis B. Tyndall, who received the U.S. Air Force 
        flying ace designation for his service in the First World War.
            (3) Tyndall Field became an important center for aerial 
        gunnery training during the Second World War, hosting training 
        missions using aircraft including A-33, 0-47, AT-6, Martin B-26 
        Marauders, and B-17 bombers.
            (4) On January 13, 1948, Tyndall Field became Tyndall Air 
        Force Base and was an active site for air training and defense 
        throughout the Cold War.
            (5) Tyndall AFB is now home to the First Air Force as well 
        as the 325th Fighter Wing Headquarters and their F-22 Raptors.
            (6) The 325th Fighter Wing has been instrumental to 
        national security at such crucial junctures as the Cuban 
        Missile Crisis, throughout the Cold War, and more recently in 
        intercepting unidentified aircraft and supporting anti-
        smuggling efforts.
            (7) On July 20, 1945, the Navy Mine Countermeasure Station 
        was established in Panama City.
            (8) The Navy Mine Countermeasure Station developed into the 
        Naval Support Activity Panama City (NSAPC), which has 
        faithfully carried out its mission since its inception and 
        continues to support the crucial efforts and important research 
        of tenant command organizations such as the Naval Surface 
        Warfare Center: Panama City Division (NSWC PCD) and the Navy 
        Experimental Diving Unit (NEDU).
            (9) Research performed at NSWC PCD has been integral to 
        equipping the Navy with the personnel and technology necessary 
        to maintaining its status as the world's greatest and most 
        technologically advanced.
            (10) NSWC PCD's newest facility, the Littoral Warfare 
        Research Facility, is one of the Navy's major research, 
        development, test, and evaluation laboratories and where 
        standards for weapons integration on Littoral Combat Ships are 
        often developed.
            (11) NEDU is a global hub of research, development, and 
        testing for undersea operations.
            (12) During the Second World War, the Wainwright Shipyard 
        in Panama City built over 100 vessels for the war effort and 
        employed over 15,000 people.
            (13) Panama City's shipbuilding legacy continues as home to 
        one of today's most prolific domestic shipbuilders, Eastern 
        Shipbuilding.
            (14) The Department of Defense is the largest employer in 
        Panama City, where many of the residents and their relatives 
        have proudly served in the Armed Forces for generations.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) commends the longstanding dedication and contribution 
        to the Armed Forces by the people of Panama City, both through 
        the legacy of naval shipbuilding and through their ongoing 
        commitment to support the mission of Panama City's military 
        installations and the personnel assigned to them;
            (2) honors the members of the Armed Forces who have trained 
        and served at the several military installations in and around 
        Panama City;
            (3) recognizes the contribution of the industry and 
        workforce of Panama City to naval shipbuilding; and
            (4) encourages the recognition of the importance of Panama 
        City to the history of the Armed Forces by Congress, the Air 
        Force, the Navy, and the American people by honoring the 
        contribution of the people of Panama City to the defense of the 
        United States.

SEC. 1094. PROTECTIONS RELATING TO CIVIL RIGHTS AND DISABILITIES.

    Any branch or agency of the Federal Government shall, with respect 
to any religious corporation, religious association, religious 
educational institution, or religious society that is a recipient of or 
offeror for a Federal Government contract, subcontract, grant, purchase 
order, or cooperative agreement, provide protections and exemptions 
consistent with sections 702(a) and 703(e)(2) of the Civil Rights Act 
of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-1(a) and 42 U.S.C. 2000e-2(e)(2)) and section 
103(d) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
12113(d)).

SEC. 1095. NONAPPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN EXECUTIVE ORDER TO DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE AND NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION.

    The provisions of Executive Order 13673 and any implementing rules 
or regulations shall not apply to the acquisition, contracting, 
contract administration, source selection, or any other activities of 
the Department of Defense or the National Nuclear Security 
Administration. The Secretary of Defense and the Administrator for 
Nuclear Security may not issue, or be required to comply with, any 
policy, guidance, or rules to carry out such executive order or 
otherwise implement any provision of such executive order or any 
related implementation rules or regulations.

SEC. 1096. DETERMINATION AND DISCLOSURE OF TRANSPORTATION COSTS 
              INCURRED BY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR CONGRESSIONAL TRIPS 
              OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Determination and Disclosure of Costs by Secretary.--In the 
case of a trip taken by a Member, officer, or employee of the House of 
Representatives or Senate in carrying out official duties outside the 
United States for which the Department of Defense provides 
transportation, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) determine the cost of the transportation provided with 
        respect to the Member, officer, or employee; and
            (2) provide the Member, officer, or employee with a written 
        statement of the cost not later than 10 days after completion 
        of the trip involved.
    (b) Inclusion of Information in Travel Reports.--Any Member, 
officer, or employee of the House of Representatives or Senate who 
takes a trip to which subsection (a) applies shall include the 
information contained in the written statement provided to the Member, 
officer, or employee under subsection (a)(2) with respect to the trip 
in any report that the Member, officer, or employee is required to file 
with respect to the trip under any provision of law and under any 
provision of the Rules of the House of Representatives or the Standing 
Rules of the Senate (as the case may be).
    (c) Exceptions.--This section does not apply with respect to any 
trip the sole purpose of which is to visit one or more United States 
military installations or to visit United States military personnel in 
a war zone (or both).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Member.--The term ``Member'', with respect to the House 
        of Representatives, includes a Delegate or Resident 
        Commissioner to the Congress.
            (2) United states.--The term ``United States'' means the 
        several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, 
        the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and any other 
        territory or possession of the United States.
    (e) Effective Date.--This section shall apply with respect to trips 
taken on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, except that 
this section does not apply with respect to any trip which began prior 
to such date.

SEC. 1097. WAIVER OF CERTAIN POLYGRAPH EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS.

    The Secretary of Homeland Security, acting through the Commissioner 
of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, may waive the polygraph 
examination requirement under section 3 of the Anti-Border Corruption 
Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-376) for any applicant who--
            (1) the Commissioner determines is suitable for employment;
            (2) holds a current, active Top Secret clearance and is 
        able to access sensitive compartmented information;
            (3) has a current single scope background investigation;
            (4) was not granted any waivers to obtain the clearance; 
        and
            (5) is a veteran (as such term is defined in section 2108 
        or 2109a of title 5, United States Code).

SEC. 1098. USE OF TRANSPORTATION WORKER IDENTIFICATION CREDENTIAL TO 
              GAIN ACCESS AT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Access to Installations for Credentialed Transportation 
Workers.--During the period that the Secretary is developing and 
fielding physical access standards, capabilities, processes, and 
electronic access control systems, the Secretary shall, to the maximum 
extent practicable, ensure that the Transportation Worker 
Identification Credential (TWIC) shall be accepted as a valid 
credential for unescorted access to Department of Defense installations 
by transportation workers.
    (b) Credentialed Transportation Workers With Secret Clearance.--
TWIC-carrying transportation workers who also have a current Secret 
Level Clearance issued by the Department of Defense shall be considered 
exempt from further vetting when seeking unescorted access at 
Department of Defense facilities. Access security personnel shall 
verify such person's security clearance in a timely manner and provide 
them with unescorted access to complete their freight service.
    (c) Report on Credentialed Persons Denied Access to Department of 
Defense Installations.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall begin documenting 
each instance when a credentialed transportation worker is denied 
unescorted access to a military facility in the Continental United 
States, Hawaii, Alaska, Guam, or Native American lands. The report 
shall include, but not be limited to, the reasons for such denial, and 
the amount of time the credentialed party denied entrance waited to 
obtain access. The report shall be submitted to the Armed Services 
Committees of the House and Senate no later than the first day of 
February of each year until complete fielding of Identity Management 
Enterprise Services Architecture and electronic access control systems 
are achieved.

SEC. 1098A. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DESTRUCTION OF 
              CERTAIN LANDMINES AND REPORT ON DEVELOPMENT OF 
              REPLACEMENT ANTI-PERSONNEL LANDMINE MUNITIONS.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2017 for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated or expended for the destruction of anti-personnel landmine 
munitions before the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the 
report required by subsection (c).
    (b) Exception for Safety.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to any 
anti-personnel landmine munitions that the Secretary determines are 
unsafe or could pose a safety risk if not demilitarized or destroyed.
    (c) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Congress a report that includes the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the current state of research 
                into operational alternatives to anti-personnel 
                landmines.
                    (B) Any other matter that the Secretary determines 
                should be included in the report.
            (2) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.
    (d) Anti-personnel Landmine Munitions Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``anti-personnel landmine munitions'' includes anti-personnel 
landmines and sub-munitions as defined by the Convention on the 
Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-
Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, as determined by the 
Secretary.

SEC. 1098B. REQUIREMENT FOR MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING REGARDING 
              TRANSFER OF DETAINEES.

    Section 1034(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 969; 10 U.S.C. 801 note) 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (3);
            (2) by striking the period and inserting ``; and'' at the 
        end of paragraph (4); and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) the United States Government and the government of 
        the foreign country have entered into a written memorandum of 
        understanding regarding the transfer of the individual and such 
        memorandum of understanding has previously been transmitted to 
        the appropriate committees of Congress.''.

SEC. 1098C. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING AMERICAN VETERANS DISABLED FOR 
              LIFE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) There are at least 3,600,000 veterans currently living 
        with service-connected disabilities.
            (2) As a result of their service, many veterans are 
        permanently disabled throughout their lives and in many cases 
        must rely on the support of their families and friends when 
        these visible and invisible burdens become too much to bear 
        alone.
            (3) October 5, which is the anniversary of the dedication 
        of the American Veterans Disabled for Life Memorial, has been 
        recognized as an appropriate day on which to honor American 
        veterans disabled for life each year.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) expresses its appreciation to the men and women left 
        permanently wounded, ill, or injured as a result of their 
        service in the Armed Forces;
            (2) supports the annual recognition of American veterans 
        disabled for life each year; and
            (3) encourages the American people to honor American 
        veterans disabled for life each year with appropriate programs 
        and activities.

SEC. 1098D. STUDY ON MILITARY HELICOPTER NOISE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration, shall--
            (1) conduct a study on the effects of military helicopter 
        noise on National Capital Region communities and individuals; 
        and
            (2) develop recommendations for the reduction of the 
        effects of military helicopter noise on individuals, 
        structures, and property values in the National Capital Region.
    (b) Focus.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Secretary and the Administrator shall focus on air traffic control, 
airspace design, airspace management, and types of aircraft, to address 
helicopter noise problems and shall take into account the needs of law 
enforcement, emergency, and military operations.
    (c) Consideration of Views.--In conducting the study under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider the views of 
representatives of--
            (1) members of the Armed Forces;
            (2) law enforcement agencies;
            (3) community stakeholders, including residents and local 
        government officials; and
            (4) organizations with an interest in reducing military 
        helicopter noise.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
        Congress a report on the results of the study conducted under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Availability to the public.--The Secretary shall make 
        the report required under paragraph (1) publicly available.

SEC. 1098E. MARITIME OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Maritime 
Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee Act''.
    (b) Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.--
Section 7 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 
656) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) There is established a Maritime Occupational Safety and 
Health Advisory Committee, which shall be a continuing body and shall 
provide advice to the Secretary in formulating maritime industry 
standards and regarding matters pertaining to the administration of 
this Act related to the maritime industry. The composition of this 
advisory committee shall be consistent with the advisory committees 
established under subsection (b), provided that a member of this 
committee who is otherwise qualified may continue to serve until a 
successor is appointed. The Secretary may promulgate or amend 
regulations as necessary to implement this subsection.''.

SEC. 1098F. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING UNITED STATES NORTHERN COMMAND 
              PREPAREDNESS.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) the United States Northern Command plays a crucial role 
        in providing additional response capability to State and local 
        governments in domestic disaster relief and consequence 
        management operations;
            (2) the United States Northern Command must continue to 
        build upon its current efforts to develop command strategies, 
        leadership training, and response plans to effectively work 
        with civil authorities when acting as the lead agency or a 
        supporting agency; and
            (3) the United States Northern Command should leverage 
        whenever possible training and management expertise that 
        resides within the Department of Defense, other Federal 
        agencies, State and local governments, and private sector 
        businesses and academic institutions to enhance--
                    (A) its defense support to civil authorities and 
                incidence management missions;
                    (B) relationships with other entities involved in 
                disaster response; and
                    (C) its ability to respond to unforeseen events.

SEC. 1098G. COST OF WARS.

    The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Commissioner of 
the Internal Revenue Service and the Director of the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis, shall post on the public Web site of the Department of 
Defense the costs, including the relevant legacy costs, to each 
American taxpayer of each of the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria.

SEC. 1098H. WORKFORCE ISSUES FOR RELOCATION OF MARINES TO GUAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 6(b) of the Joint Resolution entitled ``A 
Joint Resolution to approve the `Covenant To Establish a Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union With the United 
States of America', and for other purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 
(48 U.S.C. 1806(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Numerical Limitations for Nonimmigrant Workers.--An alien, if 
otherwise qualified, may seek admission to Guam or to the Commonwealth 
during the transition program as a nonimmigrant worker under section 
101(a)(15)(H) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(15)(H)) without counting against the numerical limitations set 
forth in section 214(g) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1184(g)). An alien, if 
otherwise qualified, may, before October 1, 2028, be admitted under 
section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of such Act for a period of up to 3 years 
(which may be extended by the Secretary of Homeland Security before 
October 1, 2028, for an additional period or periods not to exceed 3 
years each) to perform services or labor on Guam pursuant to any 
agreement entered into by a prime contractor or subcontractor calling 
for services or labor required for performance of the contract or 
subcontract in direct support of all military-funded construction, 
repairs, renovation, and facilities services, or to perform services or 
labor on Guam as a health-care worker, notwithstanding the requirement 
of such section that the service or labor be temporary. This subsection 
does not apply to any employment to be performed outside of Guam or the 
Commonwealth.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1098I. REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEBT COLLECTION 
              REGULATIONS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review and update Department of 
Defense regulations to ensure such regulations comply with Federal 
consumer protection law with respect to the collection of debt.

SEC. 1098J. IMPORTANCE OF ROLE PLAYED BY WOMEN IN WORLD WAR II.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) National Rosie the Riveter Day is a collective national 
        effort to raise awareness of the 16 million women working 
        during World War II.
            (2) Americans have chosen to honor female workers who 
        contributed on the home front during World War II.
            (3) These women left their homes to work or volunteer full-
        time in factories, farms, shipyards, airplane factories, banks, 
        and other institutions in support of the military overseas.
            (4) These women worked with the USO and Red Cross, drove 
        trucks, riveted airplane parts, collected critical materials, 
        rolled bandages, and served on rationing boards.
            (5) It is fitting and proper to recognize and preserve the 
        history and legacy of working women, including volunteer women, 
        during World War II to promote cooperation and fellowship among 
        such women and their descendants.
            (6) These women and their descendants wish to further the 
        advancement of patriotic ideas, excellence in the workplace, 
        and loyalty to the United States of America.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress acknowledges the important role 
played by women in World War II.

SEC. 1098K. RECOVERY OF EXCESS RIFLES, AMMUNITION, AND PARTS GRANTED TO 
              FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND TRANSFER TO CERTAIN PERSONS.

    (a) Recovery.--Subchapter II of chapter 407 of title 36, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 40728A the following 
new section:
``Sec. 40728B. Recovery of excess rifles, ammunition, and parts granted 
              to foreign countries and transfer to certain persons
    ``(a) Authority to Recover.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2) and 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the Army may acquire from any person 
any rifle, ammunition, repair parts, or other supplies described in 
section 40731(a) of this title which were--
            ``(A) provided to any country on a grant basis under the 
        conditions imposed by section 505 of the Foreign Assistance Act 
        of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2314) that became excess to the needs of 
        such country; and
            ``(B) lawfully acquired by such person.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Army may not acquire anything under 
paragraph (1) except for transfer to a person in the United States 
under subsection (c).
    ``(3) The Secretary of the Army may accept rifles, ammunition, 
repair parts, or other supplies under paragraph (1) notwithstanding 
section 1342 of title 31.
    ``(b) Cost of Recovery.--The Secretary of the Army may not acquire 
anything under subsection (a) if the United States would incur any cost 
for such acquisition.
    ``(c) Availability for Transfer.--Any rifles, ammunition, repair 
parts, or supplies acquired under subsection (a) shall be available for 
transfer in the United States to the person from whom acquired if such 
person--
            ``(1) is licensed as a manufacturer, importer, or dealer 
        pursuant to section 923(a) of title 18; and
            ``(2) uses an ammunition depot of the Army that is an 
        eligible facility for receipt of any rifles, ammunition, repair 
        parts, or supplies under this paragraph.
    ``(d) Contracts.--Notwithstanding subsection (k) of section 2304 of 
title 10, the Secretary may enter into such contracts or cooperative 
agreements on a sole source basis pursuant to paragraphs (4) and (5) of 
subsection (c) of such section to carry out this section.
    ``(e) AECA.--Transfers authorized under this section may only be 
made in accordance with applicable provisions of the Arms Export 
Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778).
    ``(f) Rifle Defined.--In this section, the term `rifle' has the 
meaning given such term in section 921 of title 18.''.
    (b) Sale.--Section 40732 of such title is amended--
            (1) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Sales by Other Persons.--A person who receives a rifle or any 
ammunition, repair parts, or supplies under section 40728B(c) of this 
title may sell, at fair market value, such rifle, ammunition, repair 
parts, or supplies. With respect to rifles other than caliber .22 
rimfire and caliber .30 rifles, the seller shall obtain a license as a 
dealer in rifles and abide by all requirements imposed on persons 
licensed under chapter 44 of title 18, including maintaining 
acquisition and disposition records, and conducting background 
checks.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), in the heading, by inserting ``by 
        the Corporation'' after ``Limitation on Sales''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 407 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 40728A the following new item:

``40728B. Recovery of excess rifles, ammunition, and parts granted to 
                            foreign countries and transfer to certain 
                            persons.''.

SEC. 1098L. PROJECT MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Deputy Director for Management.--
            (1) Additional functions.--Section 503 of title 31, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Program and Project Management.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--Subject to the direction and approval 
        of the Director, the Deputy Director for Management or a 
        designee shall--
                    ``(A) adopt governmentwide standards, policies, and 
                guidelines for program and project management for 
                executive agencies;
                    ``(B) oversee implementation of program and project 
                management for the standards, policies, and guidelines 
                established under subparagraph (A);
                    ``(C) chair the Program Management Policy Council 
                established under section 1126(b);
                    ``(D) establish standards and policies for 
                executive agencies, consistent with widely accepted 
                standards for program and project management planning 
                and delivery;
                    ``(E) engage with the private sector to identify 
                best practices in program and project management that 
                would improve Federal program and project management;
                    ``(F) conduct portfolio reviews to address programs 
                identified as high risk by the Government 
                Accountability Office;
                    ``(G) not less than annually, conduct portfolio 
                reviews of agency programs in coordination with Project 
                Management Improvement Officers designated under 
                section 1126(a)(1) to assess the quality and 
                effectiveness of program management; and
                    ``(H) establish a 5-year strategic plan for program 
                and project management.
            ``(2) Application to department of defense.--Paragraph (1) 
        shall not apply to the Department of Defense to the extent that 
        the provisions of that paragraph are substantially similar to 
        or duplicative of--
                    ``(A) the provisions of chapter 87 of title 10; or
                    ``(B) policy, guidance, or instruction of the 
                Department related to program management.''.
            (2) Deadline for standards, policies, and guidelines.--Not 
        later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Deputy Director for Management of the Office of Management and 
        Budget shall issue the standards, policies, and guidelines 
        required under section 503(c) of title 31, United States Code, 
        as added by paragraph (1).
            (3) Regulations.--Not later than 90 days after the date on 
        which the standards, policies, and guidelines are issued under 
        paragraph (2), the Deputy Director for Management of the Office 
        of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Program 
        Management Policy Council established under section 1126(b) of 
        title 31, United States Code, as added by subsection (b)(1), 
        and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, shall 
        issue any regulations as are necessary to implement the 
        requirements of section 503(c) of title 31, United States Code, 
        as added by paragraph (1).
    (b) Program Management Improvement Officers and Program Management 
Policy Council.--
            (1) Amendment.--Chapter 11 of title 31, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 1126. Program Management Improvement Officers and Program 
              Management Policy Council
    ``(a) Program Management Improvement Officers.--
            ``(1) Designation.--The head of each agency described in 
        section 901(b) shall designate a senior executive of the agency 
        as the Program Management Improvement Officer of the agency.
            ``(2) Functions.--The Program Management Improvement 
        Officer of an agency designated under paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) implement program management policies 
                established by the agency under section 503(c); and
                    ``(B) develop a strategy for enhancing the role of 
                program managers within the agency that includes the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Enhanced training and educational 
                        opportunities for program managers that shall 
                        include--
                                    ``(I) training in the relevant 
                                competencies encompassed with program 
                                and project manager within the private 
                                sector for program managers; and
                                    ``(II) training that emphasizes 
                                cost containment for large projects and 
                                programs.
                            ``(ii) Mentoring of current and future 
                        program managers by experienced senior 
                        executives and program managers within the 
                        agency.
                            ``(iii) Improved career paths and career 
                        opportunities for program managers.
                            ``(iv) A plan to encourage the recruitment 
                        and retention of highly qualified individuals 
                        to serve as program managers.
                            ``(v) Improved means of collecting and 
                        disseminating best practices and lessons 
                        learned to enhance program management across 
                        the agency.
                            ``(vi) Common templates and tools to 
                        support improved data gathering and analysis 
                        for program management and oversight purposes.
            ``(3) Application to department of defense.--This 
        subsection shall not apply to the Department of Defense to the 
        extent that the provisions of this subsection are substantially 
        similar to or duplicative of the provisions of chapter 87 of 
        title 10. For purposes of paragraph (1), the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (or a 
        designee of the Under Secretary) shall be considered the 
        Program Management Improvement Officer.
    ``(b) Program Management Policy Council.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the Office of 
        Management and Budget a council to be known as the `Program 
        Management Policy Council' (in this subsection referred to as 
        the `Council').
            ``(2) Purpose and functions.--The Council shall act as the 
        principal interagency forum for improving agency practices 
        related to program and project management. The Council shall--
                    ``(A) advise and assist the Deputy Director for 
                Management of the Office of Management and Budget;
                    ``(B) review programs identified as high risk by 
                the General Accountability Office and make 
                recommendations for actions to be taken by the Deputy 
                Director for Management of the Office of Management and 
                Budget or a designee;
                    ``(C) discuss topics of importance to the 
                workforce, including--
                            ``(i) career development and workforce 
                        development needs;
                            ``(ii) policy to support continuous 
                        improvement in program and project management; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) major challenges across agencies in 
                        managing programs;
                    ``(D) advise on the development and applicability 
                of standards governmentwide for program management 
                transparency; and
                    ``(E) review the information published on the 
                website of the Office of Management and Budget pursuant 
                to section 1122.
            ``(3) Membership.--
                    ``(A) Composition.--The Council shall be composed 
                of the following members:
                            ``(i) Five members from the Office of 
                        Management and Budget as follows:
                                    ``(I) The Deputy Director for 
                                Management.
                                    ``(II) The Administrator of the 
                                Office of Electronic Government.
                                    ``(III) The Administrator of 
                                Federal Procurement Policy.
                                    ``(IV) The Controller of the Office 
                                of Federal Financial Management.
                                    ``(V) The Director of the Office of 
                                Performance and Personnel Management.
                            ``(ii) The Program Management Improvement 
                        Officer from each agency described in section 
                        901(b).
                            ``(iii) Other individuals as determined 
                        appropriate by the Chairperson.
                    ``(B) Chairperson and vice chairperson.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Deputy Director for 
                        Management of the Office of Management and 
                        Budget shall be the Chairperson of the Council. 
                        A Vice Chairperson shall be elected by the 
                        members and shall serve a term of not more than 
                        1 year.
                            ``(ii) Duties.--The Chairperson shall 
                        preside at the meetings of the Council, 
                        determine the agenda of the Council, direct the 
                        work of the Council, and establish and direct 
                        subgroups of the Council as appropriate.
            ``(4) Meetings.--The Council shall meet not less than twice 
        per fiscal year and may meet at the call of the Chairperson or 
        a majority of the members of the Council.
            ``(5) Support.--The head of each agency with a Project 
        Management Improvement Officer serving on the Council shall 
        provide administrative support to the Council, as appropriate, 
        at the request of the Chairperson.
            ``(6) Committee duration.--Section 14(a)(2) of the Federal 
        Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the 
        Council.''.
            (2) Report required.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of 
        Management and Budget, in consultation with each Program 
        Management Improvement Officer designated under section 
        1126(a)(1) of title 31, United States Code, shall submit to 
        Congress a report containing the strategy developed under 
        section 1126(a)(2)(B) of such title, as added by paragraph (1).
    (c) Program and Project Management Personnel Standards.--
            (1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``agency'' 
        means each agency described in section 901(b) of title 31, 
        United States Code, other than the Department of Defense.
            (2) Regulations required.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date on which the standards, policies, and guidelines are 
        issued under section 503(c) of title 31, United States Code, as 
        added by subsection (a)(1), the Director of the Office of 
        Personnel Management, in consultation with the Director of the 
        Office of Management and Budget, shall issue regulations that--
                    (A) identify key skills and competencies needed for 
                a program and project manager in an agency;
                    (B) establish a new job series, or update and 
                improve an existing job series, for program and project 
                management within an agency; and
                    (C) establish a new career path for program and 
                project managers within an agency.
    (d) GAO Report on Effectiveness of Policies on Program and Project 
Management.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Government Accountability Office shall issue, in conjunction 
with the High Risk list of the Government Accountability Office, a 
report examining the effectiveness of the following on improving 
Federal program and project management:
            (1) The standards, policies, and guidelines for program and 
        project management issued under section 503(c) of title 31, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a)(1).
            (2) The 5-year strategic plan established under section 
        503(c)(1)(H) of title 31, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a)(1).
            (3) Program Management Improvement Officers designated 
        under section 1126(a)(1) of title 31, United States Code, as 
        added by subsection (b)(1).
            (4) The Program Management Policy Council established under 
        section 1126(b)(1) of title 31, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (b)(1).

Subtitle H--United States Naval Station Guantanamo Bay Preservation Act

SEC. 1099. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``United States Naval Station 
Guantanamo Bay Preservation Act''.

SEC. 1099A. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, has 
        been a strategic military asset critical to the defense of the 
        United States and the maintenance of regional security for more 
        than a century.
            (2) The United States continues to exercise control over 
        the area of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 
        pursuant to the Guantanamo Lease Agreements, which were 
        initiated and concluded pursuant to an Act of Congress.
            (3) Senior United States military leaders have consistently 
        voiced strong support for maintaining United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, noting its strategic value for 
        military basing and logistics, disaster relief, humanitarian 
        work, terrorist detention, and counter-narcotics purposes.
            (4) On February 29, 2016, Secretary of Defense Ashton B. 
        Carter, discussing United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
        Cuba, stated that ``it's a strategic location, we've had it for 
        a long time, it's important to us and we intend to hold onto 
        it''.
            (5) On March 12, 2015, Commander of United States Southern 
        Command, General John Kelly, testified that the United States 
        facilities at Naval Station Guantanamo Bay ``are indispensable 
        to the Departments of Defense, Homeland Security, and State's 
        operational and contingency plans. . . . As the only permanent 
        U.S. military base in Latin America and the Caribbean, its 
        location provides persistent U.S. presence and immediate access 
        to the region, as well as supporting a layered defense to 
        secure the air and maritime approaches to the United States''.
            (6) In testimony before Congress in 2012, then-Commander of 
        United States Southern Command, General Douglas Fraser, stated 
        that ``the strategic capability provided by U.S. Naval Station 
        Guantanamo Bay remains essential for executing national 
        priorities throughout the Caribbean, Latin America, and South 
        America''.
            (7) Following a 1991 coup in Haiti that prompted a mass 
        exodus of people by boat, United States Naval Station, 
        Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, provided a location for temporary housing 
        and the orderly adjudication of asylum claims outside of the 
        continental United States.
            (8) In 2010, United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
        Cuba, was a critical hub for the provision of humanitarian 
        disaster relief following the devastating earthquakes in Haiti.
            (9) The United States presence at United States Naval 
        Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, has its origins in Acts of 
        Congress undertaken pursuant to the powers of Congress 
        expressly enumerated in the Constitution of the United States.
            (10) By joint resolution approved on April 20, 1898, 
        Congress ``directed and empowered'' the President ``to use the 
        entire land and naval forces of the United States'' as 
        necessary to ensure that the Government of Spain ``relinquish 
        its authority and government in the island of Cuba, and 
        withdraw its land and naval forces from Cuba and Cuban 
        waters''.
            (11) Congress declared war against Spain on April 25, 1898, 
        which lasted until December 10, 1898, when the United States 
        and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris, in which Spain 
        relinquished all claims of sovereignty over Cuba, and United 
        States governance of Cuba was established.
            (12) Nearly three years later, in the Act of March 2, 1901 
        (Chapter 803; 31 Stat. 898), Congress granted the President the 
        authority to return ``the government and control of the island 
        of Cuba to its people'' subject to several express conditions 
        including, in article VII of the Act of March 2, 1901, the sale 
        or lease by Cuba to the United States of lands necessary for 
        naval stations.
            (13) Pursuant to the authority granted by article VII of 
        the Act of March 2, 1901, the United States negotiated the 
        Guantanamo Lease Agreements, which specified the area of, and 
        United States jurisdiction and control over, what became United 
        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
            (14) On October 2, 1903, when approving the Lease to the 
        United States by the Government of Cuba of Certain Areas of 
        Land and Water for Naval or Coaling Stations, signed in Havana 
        on July 2, 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt cited the Act of 
        March 2, 1901, as providing his authority to do so: ``I, 
        Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States of America, 
        having seen and considered the foregoing lease, do hereby 
        approve the same, by virtue of the authority conferred by the 
        seventh of the provisions defining the relations which are to 
        exist between the United States and Cuba, contained in the Act 
        of Congress approved March 2, 1901, entitled `An Act making 
        appropriation for the support of the Army for the fiscal year 
        ending June 30, 1902.'''.
            (15) Obtaining United States naval station rights in Cuba 
        was an express condition of the authority that Congress gave 
        the President to return control and governance of Cuba to the 
        people of Cuba. In exercising that authority and concluding the 
        Guantanamo Lease Agreements, President Theodore Roosevelt 
        recognized the source of that authority as the Act of March 2, 
        1901.
            (16) The Treaty of Relations between the United States of 
        America and the Republic of Cuba, signed at Washington, May 29, 
        1934, did not supersede, abrogate, or modify the Guantanamo 
        Lease Agreements, but noted that the stipulations of those 
        agreements ``shall continue in effect'' until the United States 
        and Cuba agree to modify them.
            (17) The Constitution of the United States expressly grants 
        to Congress the power to provide for the common defense of the 
        United States, the power to provide and maintain a Navy, and 
        the power ``to dispose of and make all needful Rules and 
        Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property 
        belonging to the United States''.

SEC. 1099B. PROHIBITION ON MODIFICATION, ABROGATION, OR OTHER RELATED 
              ACTIONS WITH RESPECT TO UNITED STATES JURISDICTION AND 
              CONTROL OVER UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
              CUBA, WITHOUT CONGRESSIONAL ACTION.

    No action may be taken to modify, abrogate, or replace the 
stipulations, agreements, and commitments contained in the Guantanamo 
Lease Agreements, or to impair or abandon the jurisdiction and control 
of the United States over United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
Cuba, unless specifically authorized or otherwise provided by--
            (1) a statute that is enacted on or after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act;
            (2) a treaty that is ratified with the advice and consent 
        of the Senate on or after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act; or
            (3) a modification of the Treaty Between the United States 
        of America and Cuba signed at Washington, DC, on May 29, 1934, 
        that is ratified with the advice and consent of the Senate on 
        or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1099C. GUANTANAMO LEASE AGREEMENTS DEFINED.

    In this subtitle, the term ``Guantanamo Lease Agreements'' means--
            (1) the Agreement Between the United States of America and 
        the Republic of Cuba for the Lease to the United States of 
        Lands in Cuba for coaling and naval stations, signed by the 
        President of the United States on February 23, 1903; and
            (2) the Lease to the United States by the Government of 
        Cuba of Certain Areas of Land and Water for Naval or Coaling 
        Stations, signed by the President of the United States on 
        October 2, 1903.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

SEC. 1101. TEMPORARY DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DOMESTIC DEFENSE 
              INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND THE MAJOR RANGE AND TEST 
              FACILITIES BASE.

    (a) Authority.--During fiscal years 2017 and 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense may appoint, without regard to the provisions of subchapter I 
of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, other than sections 3303 
and 3328 of such title, qualified candidates to positions in the 
competitive service at any defense industrial base facility or the 
Major Range and Test Facilities Base or as a military technician (dual 
status).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the end of fiscal year 
2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate on the 
use of the authority provided under subsection (a). Such report shall 
include the total number of individuals appointed under such authority 
and the effectiveness of such authority in fulfilling the manpower 
needs of the defense industrial base facilities or the Major Range and 
Test Facilities Base.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``defense industrial base facility'' means any 
        Department of Defense depot, arsenal, or shipyard located 
        within the United States; and
            (2) the term ``military technician (dual status)'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 10216 of title 10, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 1102. TEMPORARY PERSONNEL FLEXIBILITIES FOR DOMESTIC DEFENSE 
              INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND MAJOR RANGE AND TEST 
              FACILITIES BASE CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding chapter 33 of title 5, United 
States Code, or any other provision of law relating to the examination, 
certification, and appointment of individuals in the competitive 
service, during fiscal years 2017 and 2018, an employee of a defense 
industrial base facility or the Major Range and Test Facilities Base 
serving under a time-limited appointment in the competitive service is 
eligible to compete for a permanent appointment in the competitive 
service at (A) any such facility, Base, or any other component of the 
Department of Defense when such facility, Base, or component (as the 
case may be) is accepting applications from individuals within the 
facility, Base, or component's workforce under merit promotion 
procedures, or (B) any agency when the agency is accepting applications 
from individuals outside its own workforce under merit promotion 
procedures of the applicable agency, if--
            (1) the employee was appointed initially under open, 
        competitive examination under subchapter I of chapter 33 of 
        such title to the time-limited appointment;
            (2) the employee has served under 1 or more time-limited 
        appointments by a defense industrial base facility or the Major 
        Range and Test Facilities Base for a period or periods totaling 
        more than 24 months without a break of 2 or more years; and
            (3) the employee's performance has been at an acceptable 
        level of performance throughout the period or periods (as the 
        case may be) referred to in paragraph (2).
    (b) Waiver of Age Requirement.--In determining the eligibility of a 
time-limited employee under this section to be examined for or 
appointed in the competitive service, the Office of Personnel 
Management or other examining agency shall waive requirements as to 
age, unless the requirement is essential to the performance of the 
duties of the position.
    (c) Status.--An individual appointed under this section--
            (1) becomes a career-conditional employee, unless the 
        employee has otherwise completed the service requirements for 
        career tenure; and
            (2) acquires competitive status upon appointment.
    (d) Former Employees.--A former employee of a defense industrial 
base facility or the Major Range and Test Facilities Base who served 
under a time-limited appointment and who otherwise meets the 
requirements of this section shall be deemed a time-limited employee 
for purposes of this section if--
            (1) such employee applies for a position covered by this 
        section within the period of 2 years after the most recent date 
        of separation; and
            (2) such employee's most recent separation was for reasons 
        other than misconduct or performance.
    (e) Definition.--In this section, the term ``defense industrial 
base facility'' means any Department of Defense depot, arsenal, or 
shipyard located within the United States.

SEC. 1103. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
              ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO CIVILIAN 
              PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A COMBAT ZONE.

    Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane 
Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 120 Stat. 443), as added by section 
1102 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and as most recently 
amended by section 1102 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1022), is further 
amended by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2018''.

SEC. 1104. ADVANCE PAYMENTS FOR EMPLOYEES RELOCATING WITHIN THE UNITED 
              STATES AND ITS TERRITORIES.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 5524a of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) The head'' and inserting ``(a)(1) The 
        head''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(2) The head of each agency may provide for the advance payment 
of basic pay, covering not more than 6 pay periods, to an employee who 
is assigned to a position in the agency that is located--
            ``(A) outside of the employee's commuting area; and
            ``(B) in the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or any 
        territory or possession of the United States.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or assigned'' after 
        ``appointed''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or assignment'' after 
                ``appointment''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or assigned'' after 
                ``appointed''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
        amended by inserting ``and employees relocating within the 
        United States and its territories'' after ``appointees''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The item relating to such section 
        in the table of sections of chapter 55 of such title is amended 
        to read as follows:

``5524a. Advance payments for new appointees and employees relocating 
                            within the United States and its 
                            territories.''.

SEC. 1105. PERMANENT AUTHORITY FOR ALTERNATIVE PERSONNEL PROGRAM FOR 
              SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL.

    (a) Permanent Authority and Codification.--Chapter 81 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1589 a new 
section 1590 consisting of--
            (1) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 1590. Alternative personnel program for scientific and technical 
              personnel''; and
            (2) a text consisting of the text of subsection (a), (b), 
        (c), and (d) of section 1101 of the Strom Thurmond National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-
        261; 5 U.S.C. 3104 note).
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1590 of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``During the program period 
                specified in subsection (e)(1), the'' and inserting 
                ``The''; and
                    (B) by striking ``of experimental use of'' and 
                inserting ``to use'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``, United States Code,'' in 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) by striking ``United States Code,'' in 
                paragraph (2); and
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``, United States Code'' 
        in paragraphs (2) and (3) each place it appears.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 81 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 1589 the following new item:

``1590. Alternative personnel program for scientific and technical 
                            personnel.''.
    (d) Conforming Repeal.--Section 1101 of the Strom Thurmond National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 5 
U.S.C. 3104 note) is repealed.

SEC. 1106. MODIFICATION TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERSONNEL EXCHANGE 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 1110 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 5 U.S.C. 3702 note) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``cyber and'' 
        before ``information''.
            (2) in subsections (a)(1)(A), (a)(1)(C), and (g)(2), by 
        inserting ``cyber operations or'' before ``information'';
            (3) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting ``to or'' before 
        ``from''; and
            (4) in subsection (h), by striking ``10'' and inserting 
        ``50''.

SEC. 1107. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN LOCALITIES FOR CALCULATION OF PER DIEM 
              ALLOWANCES.

    (a) In General.--Pursuant to section 5707 of title 5, United States 
Code, the Administrator of General Services shall prescribe such 
regulations as are necessary to provide that, with respect to per diem 
rates for Ohio, the locality described as Dayton/Fairborn and the 
locality described as Cincinnati are considered 1 locality for purposes 
of establishing per diem allowance or maximum amount of reimbursement 
under section 5702(a)(2) of such title.
    (b) Effective Date.--The adjustment of the treatment of localities 
described under subsection (a) shall be effective on the same date as 
the application of the first recalculation of per diem allowances by 
the Administrator that occurs after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1108. ELIGIBILITY OF EMPLOYEES IN A TIME-LIMITED APPOINTMENT TO 
              COMPETE FOR A PERMANENT APPOINTMENT AT ANY FEDERAL 
              AGENCY.

    Section 9602 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``any land management 
        agency or any other agency (as defined in section 101 of title 
        31) under the internal merit promotion procedures of the 
        applicable agency'' and inserting ``such land management agency 
        when such agency is accepting applications from individuals 
        within the agency's workforce under merit promotion procedures, 
        or any agency, including a land management agency, when the 
        agency is accepting applications from individuals outside its 
        own workforce under the merit promotion procedures of the 
        applicable agency''; and
            (2) in subsection (d) by inserting ``of the agency from 
        which the former employee was most recently separated'' after 
        ``deemed a time-limited employee''.

SEC. 1109. LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE LEAVE.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 63 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 6330. Limitation on administrative leave
    ``(a) In General.--During any calendar year, an employee may not be 
placed on administrative leave, or any other paid non-duty status 
without charge to leave, for more than 14 total days for reasons 
relating to misconduct or performance. After an employee has been 
placed on administrative leave for 14 days, the employing agency shall 
return the employee to duty status, utilizing telework if available, 
and assign the employee to duties if such employee is not a threat to 
safety, the agency mission, or Government property.
    ``(b) Extended Administrative Leave.--
            ``(1) In general.--If an agency finds that an employee is a 
        threat to safety, the agency mission, or Government property 
        and upon the expiration of the 14-day period described in 
        subsection (a), an agency head may place the employee on 
        extended administrative leave for additional periods of not 
        more than 30 days each.
            ``(2) Report.--For any additional period of 30 days granted 
        to the employee after the initial 30-day extension, the agency 
        head shall submit to the Committee on Oversight and Government 
        Reform in the House of Representatives, the agency's 
        authorizing committees of jurisdiction of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate, and the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a report, not 
        later than 5 business days after granting the additional 
        period, containing--
                    ``(A) title, position, office or agency 
                subcomponent, job series, pay grade, and salary of the 
                employee on administrative leave;
                    ``(B) a description of the work duties of the 
                employee;
                    ``(C) the reason the employee is on administrative 
                leave;
                    ``(D) an explanation as to why the employee is a 
                threat to safety, the agency mission, or Government 
                property;
                    ``(E) an explanation as to why the employee is not 
                able to telework or be reassigned to another position 
                within the agency;
                    ``(F) in the case of a pending related 
                investigation of the employee--
                            ``(i) the status of such investigation; and
                            ``(ii) the certification described in 
                        subsection (c)(1); and
                    ``(G) in the case of a completed related 
                investigation of the employee--
                            ``(i) the results of such investigation; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the reason that the employee remains 
                        on administrative leave.
    ``(c) Extension Pending Related Investigation.--
            ``(1) In general.--If an employee is under a related 
        investigation by an investigative entity at the time an 
        additional period described under subsection (b)(2) is granted 
        and, in the opinion of the investigative entity, additional 
        time is needed to complete the investigation, such entity shall 
        certify to the applicable agency that such additional time is 
        needed and include in the certification an estimate of the 
        length of such additional time.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The head of an agency may not grant an 
        additional period of administrative leave described under 
        subsection (b)(2) to an employee on or after the date that is 
        30 days after the completion of a related investigation by an 
        investigative entity.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions 
apply:
            ``(1) Investigative entity.--The term `investigative 
        entity' means an internal investigative unit of the agency 
        granting administrative leave, the Office of Inspector General, 
        the Office of the Attorney General, or the Office of Special 
        Counsel.
            ``(2) Related investigation.--The term `related 
        investigation' means an investigation that pertains to the 
        underlying reasons an employee was placed on administrative 
        leave.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
begin to apply 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (c) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in the amendment made by 
subsection (a) shall be construed to--
            (1) supersede the provisions of chapter 75 of title 5, 
        United States Code; or
            (2) limit the number of days that an employee may be placed 
        on administrative leave, or any other paid non-duty status 
        without charge to leave, for reasons unrelated to misconduct or 
        performance.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for subchapter II of 
chapter 63 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding after 
the item relating to section 6329 the following new item:

``6330. Limitation on administrative leave.''.

SEC. 1110. RECORD OF INVESTIGATION OF PERSONNEL ACTION IN SEPARATED 
              EMPLOYEE'S OFFICIAL PERSONNEL FILE.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 3321 the following:
``Sec. 3322. Voluntary separation before resolution of personnel 
              investigation
    ``(a) With respect to any employee occupying a position in the 
competitive service or the excepted service who is the subject of a 
personnel investigation and resigns from Government employment prior to 
the resolution of such investigation, the head of the agency from which 
such employee so resigns shall, if an adverse finding was made with 
respect to such employee pursuant to such investigation, make a 
permanent notation in the employee's official personnel record file. 
The head shall make such notation not later than 40 days after the date 
of the resolution of such investigation.
    ``(b) Prior to making a permanent notation in an employee's 
official personnel record file under subsection (a), the head of the 
agency shall--
            ``(1) notify the employee in writing within 5 days of the 
        resolution of the investigation and provide such employee a 
        copy of the adverse finding and any supporting documentation;
            ``(2) provide the employee with a reasonable time, but not 
        less than 30 days, to respond in writing and to furnish 
        affidavits and other documentary evidence to show why the 
        adverse finding was unfounded (a summary of which shall be 
        included in any notation made to the employee's personnel file 
        under subsection (d)); and
            ``(3) provide a written decision and the specific reasons 
        therefore to the employee at the earliest practicable date.
    ``(c) An employee is entitled to appeal the decision of the head of 
the agency to make a permanent notation under subsection (a) to the 
Merit Systems Protection Board under section 7701.
    ``(d)(1) If an employee files an appeal with the Merit Systems 
Protection Board pursuant to subsection (c), the agency head shall make 
a notation in the employee's official personnel record file indicating 
that an appeal disputing the notation is pending not later than 2 weeks 
after the date on which such appeal was filed.
    ``(2) If the head of the agency is the prevailing party on appeal, 
not later than 2 weeks after the date that the Board issues the appeal 
decision, the head of the agency shall remove the notation made under 
paragraph (1) from the employee's official personnel record file.
    ``(3) If the employee is the prevailing party on appeal, not later 
than 2 weeks after the date that the Board issues the appeal decision, 
the head of the agency shall remove the notation made under paragraph 
(1) and the notation of an adverse finding made under subsection (a) 
from the employee's official personnel record file.
    ``(e) In this section, the term `personnel investigation' 
includes--
            ``(1) an investigation by an Inspector General; and
            ``(2) an adverse personnel action as a result of 
        performance, misconduct, or for such cause as will promote the 
        efficiency of the service under chapter 43 or chapter 75.''.
    (b) Application.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply 
to any employee described in section 3322 of title 5, United States 
Code, (as added by such subsection) who leaves the service after the 
date of enactment of this Act.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections of subchapter I of 
chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 3321 the following:

``3322. Voluntary separation before resolution of personnel 
                            investigation.''.

SEC. 1111. REVIEW OF OFFICIAL PERSONNEL FILE OF FORMER FEDERAL 
              EMPLOYEES BEFORE REHIRING.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 3330e. Review of official personnel file of former Federal 
              employees before rehiring
    ``(a) If a former Government employee is a candidate for a position 
within the competitive service or the excepted service, prior to making 
any determination with respect to the appointment or reinstatement of 
such employee to such position, the appointing authority shall review 
and consider the information relating to such employee's former period 
or periods of service in such employee's official personnel record 
file.
    ``(b) In subsection (a), the term `former Government employee' 
means an individual whose most recent position with the Government 
prior to becoming a candidate as described under subsection (a) was 
within the competitive service or the excepted service.
    ``(c) The Office of Personnel Management shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out the purpose of this section.''.
    (b) Application.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall apply 
to any former Government employee (as described in section 3330e of 
title 5, United States Code, as added by such subsection) appointed or 
reinstated on or after the date that is 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections of subchapter I of 
chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following:

``3330e. Review of official personnel file of former Federal employees 
                            before rehiring.''.

SEC. 1112. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN WORKFORCE PERSONNEL 
              AND CONTRACTORS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) A large, disproportionate, and duplicative civilian 
        work force coupled with bureaucratic, structural inefficiencies 
        has detracted from the Pentagon's production of combat power 
        and its ability to modernize.
            (2) The recent uniformed military drawdown has not been 
        accompanied by an equivalent reduction of either the civilian 
        or contractor work force. Right sizing the civilian workforce 
        must be statutory in number but implemented with executive 
        discretion. Across-the-board cuts to the defense civilian 
        workforce are not the answer.
            (3) Spending on contract services is over 50 percent of all 
        Department of Defense purchases even as the total defense 
        budget has dropped. Expenditures in services contracting lack 
        appropriate oversight, accountability, and scrutiny.
    (b) Reports.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit a 
        preliminary report within 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and a final report within 180 days after 
        such date, to the congressional defense committees detailing 
        the structure and number of the civilian workforce and 
        contractors of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Contents.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), each 
        report shall include the following for each of fiscal years 
        2017 through 2020, including a breakdown in location, job 
        function, General Schedule (GS) level, and date of when the job 
        was created for the following individuals:
                    (A) The total number of full time equivalent 
                employees, including each of the following:
                            (i) The total number of Senior Executive 
                        Service employees and their assignments.
                            (ii) The total number of civilian employees 
                        of the Department of Defense within the 
                        military health care system.
                            (iii) The total number of civilian 
                        employees of the Department employed at depots, 
                        arsenals, and ammunition facilities.
                    (B) The total number of civilian contractors of the 
                Department of Defense, including each of the following:
                            (i) The total number of civilian 
                        contractors for weapons acquisitions.
                            (ii) The total number of civilian 
                        contractors for services or labor for non-
                        weapon systems acquisitions.
                            (iii) The total number of civilian 
                        contractors employed at depots, arsenals, and 
                        ammunition facilities.
            (3) Preliminary report.--The preliminary report provided 
        under this subsection--
                    (A) shall cover the contents described in paragraph 
                (2) in as much detail as is ascertainable within 90 
                days after the date of the enactment of this Act; and
                    (B) shall include an explanation of any impediments 
                to developing a complete and final report by 180 days 
                after such date of enactment.

SEC. 1113. PUBLIC-PRIVATE TALENT EXCHANGE.

    (a) Authority.--Chapter 81 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 1105 of this Act, is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1599g. Public-private talent exchange
    ``(a) Assignment Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary may, with the agreement of a 
private-sector organization and the consent of the employee, arrange 
for the temporary assignment of an employee to such private-sector 
organization, or from such private-sector organization to a Department 
of Defense organization under this section.
    ``(b) Agreements.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall provide for a 
written agreement among the Department of Defense, the private-sector 
organization, and the employee concerned regarding the terms and 
conditions of the employee's assignment under this section. The 
agreement--
            ``(A) shall require that the employee of the Department of 
        Defense, upon completion of the assignment, will serve in the 
        Department of Defense, or elsewhere in the civil service if 
        approved by the Secretary, for a period equal to the length of 
        the assignment; and
            ``(B) shall provide that if the employee of the Department 
        of Defense or of the private-sector organization (as the case 
        may be) fails to carry out the agreement, such employee shall 
        be liable to the United States for payment of all expenses of 
        the assignment, unless that failure was for good and sufficient 
        reason, as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
    ``(2) An amount for which an employee is liable under paragraph (1) 
shall be treated as a debt due the United States.
    ``(3) The Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, collection of a 
debt described in paragraph (2) based on a determination that the 
collection would be against equity and good conscience and not in the 
best interests of the United States, after taking into account any 
indication of fraud, misrepresentation, fault, or lack of good faith on 
the part of the employee.
    ``(c) Termination.--An assignment under this section may, at any 
time and for any reason, be terminated by the Department of Defense or 
the private-sector organization concerned.
    ``(d) Duration.--An assignment under this section shall be for a 
period of not less than 3 months and not more than one year, renewable 
up to a total of 4 years. No employee of the Department of Defense may 
be assigned under this section for more than a total of 4 years 
inclusive of all such assignments.
    ``(e) Status of Federal Employees Assigned to Private-Sector 
Organizations.--An employee of the Department of Defense who is 
assigned to a private-sector organization under this section shall be 
considered, during the period of assignment, to be on detail to a 
regular work assignment in the Department for all purposes. The written 
agreement established under subsection (b)(1) shall address the 
specific terms and conditions related to the employee's continued 
status as a Federal employee.
    ``(f) Terms and Conditions for Private-sector Employees.--An 
employee of a private-sector organization who is assigned to a 
Department of Defense organization under this section--
            ``(1) shall continue to receive pay and benefits from the 
        private-sector organization from which such employee is 
        assigned and shall not receive pay or benefits from the 
        Department of Defense, except as provided in paragraph (2);
            ``(2) is deemed to be an employee of the Department of 
        Defense for the purposes of--
                    ``(A) chapters 73 and 81 of title 5;
                    ``(B) sections 201, 203, 205, 207, 208, 209, 603, 
                606, 607, 643, 654, 1905, and 1913 of title 18;
                    ``(C) sections 1343, 1344, and 1349(b) of title 31;
                    ``(D) the Federal Tort Claims Act and any other 
                Federal tort liability statute;
                    ``(E) the Ethics in Government Act of 1978; and
                    ``(F) chapter 21 of title 41;
            ``(3) shall not have access to any trade secrets or to any 
        other nonpublic information which is of commercial value to the 
        private-sector organization from which such employee is 
        assigned.
    ``(g) Prohibition Against Charging Certain Costs to the Federal 
Government.--A private-sector organization may not charge the 
Department of any other agency of the Federal Government, as direct or 
indirect costs under a Federal contract, the costs of pay or benefits 
paid by the organization to an employee assigned to a Department 
organization under this section for the period of the assignment.
    ``(h) Considerations.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
of Defense--
            ``(1) shall ensure that, of the assignments made under this 
        section each year, at least 20 percent are from small business 
        concerns (as defined by section 3703(e)(2)(A) of title 5);
            ``(2) shall take into consideration the question of how 
        assignments under this section might best be used to help meet 
        the needs of the Department of Defense with respect to the 
        training of employees; and
            ``(3) shall take into consideration, where applicable, 
        areas of particular private sector expertise, such as 
        cybersecurity.''.
    (b) Table of Sections Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter, as amended by section 1105 of this Act, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``1599g. Public-private talent exchange.''.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

SEC. 1201. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF LOGISTICAL SUPPORT FOR COALITION 
              FORCES SUPPORTING CERTAIN UNITED STATES MILITARY 
              OPERATIONS.

    Section 1234 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 394), as most recently amended 
by section 1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1035), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2017'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``during the period 
        beginning on October 1, 2015, and ending on December 31, 2016'' 
        and inserting ``during the period beginning on October 1, 2016, 
        and ending on December 31, 2017''; and
            (3) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' 
        and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.

SEC. 1202. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR TRAINING OF GENERAL PURPOSE 
              FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES WITH MILITARY 
              AND OTHER SECURITY FORCES OF FRIENDLY FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

    Section 1203(h) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 894; 10 U.S.C. 2011 
note) is amended by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2019''.

SEC. 1203. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT 
              ACTIVITIES TO ENHANCE THE CAPABILITY OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES 
              TO RESPOND TO INCIDENTS INVOLVING WEAPONS OF MASS 
              DESTRUCTION.

    (a) Limitation on Availability of Authority for Other Countries.--
Subsection (b) of section 1204 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 896; 10 U.S.C. 
401 note) is amended by striking ``of the Secretary's intention'' and 
inserting ``not later than 48 hours after the Secretary makes a 
determination''.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Funds available.--Of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated for the Department of Defense for Operation and 
        Maintenance, Defense-wide, and available for the Defense Threat 
        Reduction Agency for a fiscal year, not more than $20,000,000 
        may be made available for assistance under this section for 
        such fiscal year.''.
    (c) Notice to Congress on Certain Assistance.--Subsection (e) of 
such section, as amended by section 1202 of the Carl Levin and Howard 
P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3530), is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``If the amount'' and inserting ``If the 
        Secretary of Defense determines that the amount'';
            (2) by striking ``the Secretary of Defense shall notify'' 
        and inserting ``the Secretary shall notify''; and
            (3) by striking ``of that fact'' and inserting ``of such 
        determination not later than 48 hours after making the 
        determination''.
    (d) Expiration.--Subsection (h) of such section, as amended by 
section 1273 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1076), is further amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2020''.
    (e) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect 
to assistance authorized to be provided under subsection (a) of section 
1204 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 on 
or after such date of enactment.

SEC. 1204. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SUPPORT OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS TO 
              COMBAT TERRORISM.

    Subsection (h) of section 1208 of the Ronald W. Reagan National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 
Stat. 2086), as most recently amended by section 1208(b) of the Carl 
Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3541), is further 
amended by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2020''.

SEC. 1205. MODIFICATION AND CODIFICATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS 
              RELATING TO SECURITY COOPERATION AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Annual Report Required.--Subsection (a) of section 1211 of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3544) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``Biennial'' and all that follows through 
        ``the Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``Annual Report 
        Required.--Not later than January 31 of each year through 
        January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense'';
            (2) by striking ``congressional defense committees'' and 
        inserting ``appropriate congressional committees'';
            (3) by striking ``security assistance'' and inserting 
        ``assistance''; and
            (4) by striking ``the two fiscal years'' and inserting 
        ``the fiscal year''.
    (b) Elements of Report.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, duration,'' after 
        ``purpose'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``The cost'' and 
        inserting ``The cost and expenditures'';
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) For each foreign country in which the training, 
        equipment, or other assistance or reimbursement was provided, a 
        description of the extent of participation, if any, by the 
        military forces and security forces or other government 
        organizations of such foreign country.
            ``(5) The number of members of the Armed Forces involved in 
        providing such training, equipment, or assistance and a 
        description of the military benefits for such members involved 
        in providing such training, equipment or assistance.
            ``(6) A summary, by authority, of the activities carried 
        out under each authority specified in subsection (c).''.
    (c) Modification to Specified Authorities.--Subsection (c) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Sections 256, 263, 271, 272, 273, 281, 284, 285, 286, 
        and 287.''.
            (2) by striking paragraphs (4), (5), (7), and (11);
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (6), (8), (9), (10), and 
        (12) through (17) as paragraphs (4) through (13), respectively;
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(14) Section 401, relating to humanitarian and civic 
        assistance provided in conjunction with military operations.
            ``(15) Section 1206 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. `Buck' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
        (128 Stat. 3538; 10 U.S.C. 2282 note), relating to authority to 
        conduct human rights training of security forces and associated 
        security ministries of foreign countries.
            ``(16) Section 1534 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. `Buck' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
        (128 Stat. 3616), relating to the Counterterrorism Partnerships 
        Fund.
            ``(17) Section 1203 of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 894; 10 
        U.S.C. 2011 note), relating to training of general purpose 
        forces of the United States Armed Forces with military and 
        other security forces of friendly foreign countries.''; and
            (5) by striking ``of title 10, United States Code'' each 
        place it appears.
    (d) Form.--Subsection (e) of such section is amended by adding 
``that may also include other sensitive information'' after ``annex''.
    (e) Codification of Section 1211 of FY 2015 NDAA.--
            (1) Codification.--Chapter 11 of title 10, United States 
        Code, as amended by section 1261 of this Act, is further 
        amended by inserting after section 251 a new section 252 
        consisting of--
                    (A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 252. Annual report on programs carried out by the Department of 
              Defense to provide training, equipment, or other 
              assistance or reimbursement to foreign security forces''; 
              and
                    (B) a text consisting of the text of subsections 
                (a) through (e) of section 1211 of the Carl Levin and 
                Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
                291; 128 Stat. 3544), as amended by subsections (a) 
                through (d) of this section.
            (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 1211 of the Carl Levin and 
        Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3544), as 
        amended by subsections (a) through (d) of this section, is 
        repealed.
    (f) Repeal of Other Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) Annual report on humanitarian and civic assistance 
        activities.--Section 401 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).
            (2) Semi-annual reports on counterterrorism partnerships 
        fund.--Section 1534 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
        (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3616) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (g); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
                (g).
            (3) Annual report on use of authority to train general 
        purpose forces of the united states armed forces with military 
        and other security forces of friendly foreign countries.--
        Section 1203 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 894; 10 U.S.C. 
        2011 note) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``subsection 
                (f)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) 
                as subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
            (4) Annual report on use of authority for national guard 
        state partnership program.--Section 1205 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-
        66; 127 Stat. 897; 32 U.S.C. 107 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (f); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (g), subsection 
                (h), the second subsection (h), and subsection (i) as 
                subsections (f), (g), (h), and (i), respectively.

SEC. 1206. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SECURITY 
              COOPERATION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter into 
        an agreement with a federally funded research and development 
        center, or another appropriate independent entity, with 
        expertise in security cooperation to conduct an assessment of 
        the Strategic Framework for Department of Defense Security 
        Cooperation.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of each of the elements of the 
                Strategic Framework for Department of Defense Security 
                Cooperation, as directed by section 1202 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
                (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1036; 10 U.S.C. 113 
                note).
                    (B) An assessment of the extent to which security 
                cooperation programs, individually and in combination, 
                as identified in the Comptroller General Inventory of 
                Department of Defense Security Cooperation Programs 
                directed in the committee report (H. Rept. 114-102) 
                accompanying the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2016, and any other relevant studies, 
                contribute to the strategic goals, primary objectives, 
                priorities, and desired end-states of Department of 
                Defense security cooperation programs.
                    (C) Any other matters the entity that conducts the 
                assessment considers appropriate.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than November 1, 2017, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, 
        and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives a report that includes the assessment under 
        subsection (a) and any other matters the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
            (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 1207. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING AN ASSESSMENT, MONITORING, AND 
              EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR SECURITY COOPERATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense should develop and maintain an 
        assessment, monitoring, and evaluation framework for security 
        cooperation with foreign countries to ensure accountability and 
        foster implementation of best practices; and
            (2) such framework--
                    (A) should be consistent with interagency 
                approaches and existing best practices;
                    (B) should be sufficiently resourced and 
                appropriately placed within the Department of Defense 
                to enable the rigorous examination and measurement of 
                security cooperation efforts towards meeting stated 
                objectives and outcomes; and
                    (C) should be used to inform security cooperation 
                planning, policies, and resource decisions as well as 
                ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of security 
                cooperation efforts.

SEC. 1208. REPORT ON THE PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ASSISTANCE TO 
              UNITS OF FOREIGN SECURITY FORCES THAT HAVE COMMITTED A 
              GROSS VIOLATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on its implementation of 
section 294 of title 10, United States Code (relating to prohibition on 
use of funds for assistance to units of foreign security forces that 
have committed a gross violation of human rights).
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required under subsection 
(a) shall contain the following:
            (1) A detailed description of the policies and procedures 
        governing the manner in which Department of Defense personnel 
        identify and report information on gross violations of human 
        rights and how such information is shared with personnel 
        responsible for implementing the prohibition in subsection 
        (a)(1) of section 294 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The funding expended in fiscal years 2015 and 2016 for 
        purposes of implementing section 294 of title 10, United States 
        Code, including any relevant training of personnel, and a 
        description of the titles, roles, and responsibilities of the 
        personnel responsible for reviewing credible information 
        relating to human rights violations and the personnel 
        responsible for making decisions regarding the implementation 
        of the prohibition in subsection (a)(1) of such section 294.
            (3) An addendum that includes any findings or 
        recommendations included in any report issued by a Federal 
        Inspector General related to the implementation of section 294 
        of title 10, United States Code, and, as appropriate, the 
        Department of Defense's response to such findings or 
        recommendations.
            (4) Any other matters the Secretary determines is 
        appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

SEC. 1211. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF COMMANDERS' EMERGENCY RESPONSE 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1201 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1619), as most 
recently amended by section 1211 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1042), is 
further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``During fiscal year 2016'' and 
                inserting ``During the period beginning on October 1, 
                2016, and ending on December 31, 2017''; and
                    (B) by striking ``in such fiscal year'' and 
                inserting ``in such period'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2017''; and
            (3) in subsection (f), by striking ``in fiscal year 2016'' 
        and inserting ``during the period beginning on October 1, 2016, 
        and ending on December 31, 2017''.
    (b) Authority for Certain Payments To Redress Injury and Loss in 
Iraq.--
            (1) In general.--During the period beginning on October 1, 
        2016, and ending on December 31, 2017, amounts available 
        pursuant to section 1201 of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2012, as amended by this section, shall 
        also be available for ex gratia payments for damage, personal 
        injury, or death that is incident to combat operations of the 
        Armed Forces in Iraq.
            (2) Notice and wait.--The authority in this subsection may 
        not be used until 30 days after the date on which the Secretary 
        of Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a 
        report setting forth the following:
                    (A) The amount that will be used for payments 
                pursuant to this subsection.
                    (B) The manner in which claims for payments shall 
                be verified.
                    (C) The officers or officials who shall be 
                authorized to approve claims for payments.
                    (D) The manner in which payments shall be made.
            (3) Limitation on amount available.--The total amount of 
        payments made pursuant to this subsection during the period 
        beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on December 31, 2017, 
        may not exceed $5,000,000.
            (4) Authorities applicable to payment.--Any payment made 
        pursuant to this subsection shall be made in accordance with 
        the authorities and limitations in section 8121 of the 
        Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2015 (division C of 
        Public Law 113-235), other than subsection (h) of such section.
            (5) Construction with restriction on amount of payments.--
        For purposes of the application of subsection (e) of such 
        section 1201, as so amended, to any payment pursuant to this 
        subsection, such payment shall be deemed to be a project 
        described by such subsection (e).

SEC. 1212. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF 
              CERTAIN COALITION NATIONS FOR SUPPORT PROVIDED TO UNITED 
              STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (a) of section 1233 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 
Stat. 393), as most recently amended by section 1212 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 1043), is further amended by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
inserting ``the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on 
December 31, 2017,''.
    (b) Limitation on Amounts Available.--Subsection (d)(1) of such 
section, as so amended, is further amended--
            (1) in the second sentence, by striking ``during fiscal 
        year 2016 may not exceed $1,160,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``during the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on 
        December 31, 2017, may not exceed $1,100,000,000''; and
            (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' 
        and inserting ``the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and 
        ending on December 31, 2017,''.
    (c) Extension of Notice Requirement Relating to Reimbursement of 
Pakistan for Support Provided by Pakistan.--Section 1232(b)(6) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (122 Stat. 
393), as most recently amended by section 1212(c) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (129 Stat. 1043), is 
further amended by striking ``September 30, 2016'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2017''.
    (d) Extension of Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan Pending 
Certification on Pakistan.--Section 1227(d)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
2001), as most recently amended by section 1212(d) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (129 Stat. 1043), is 
further amended by striking ``for fiscal year 2016 or any prior fiscal 
year'' and inserting ``for any period prior to December 31, 2017''.
    (e) Additional Limitation on Reimbursement of Pakistan Pending 
Certification on Pakistan.--Of the total amount of reimbursements and 
support authorized for Pakistan during the period beginning on October 
1, 2016, and ending on December 31, 2017, pursuant to the third 
sentence of section 1233(d)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (as amended by subsection (b)(2)), 
$450,000,000 shall not be eligible for the waiver under section 
1227(d)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2013 (126 Stat. 2001) unless the Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
congressional defense committees that--
            (1) Pakistan continues to conduct military operations in 
        North Waziristan that are contributing to significantly 
        disrupting the safe haven and freedom of movement of the 
        Haqqani Network in Pakistan;
            (2) Pakistan has taken steps to demonstrate its commitment 
        to prevent the Haqqani Network from using North Waziristan as a 
        safe haven;
            (3) the Government of Pakistan actively coordinates with 
        the Government of Afghanistan to restrict the movement of 
        militants, such as the Haqqani Network, along the Afghanistan-
        Pakistan border;
            (4) Pakistan has shown progress in arresting and 
        prosecuting Haqqani network senior leaders and mid-level 
        operatives; and
            (5) Pakistan is not using its military or any funds or 
        equipment provided by the United States to persecute minority 
        groups seeking political or religious freedom, including the 
        Balochi, Sindhi, and Hazara ethnic groups and minority 
        religious groups, including Christian, Hindu, and Ahmadiyya 
        Muslim.

SEC. 1213. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ACQUIRE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 
              PRODUCED IN COUNTRIES ALONG A MAJOR ROUTE OF SUPPLY TO 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    Section 801(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399), as most recently amended 
by section 1214 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1045), is further amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.

SEC. 1214. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER DEFENSE ARTICLES AND 
              PROVIDE DEFENSE SERVICES TO THE MILITARY AND SECURITY 
              FORCES OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (h) of section 1222 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 1992), as most recently amended by section 1215 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 1045), is further amended by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2017''.
    (b) Quarterly Reports.--Subsection (f)(1) of such section, as so 
amended, is further amended by striking ``March 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``March 31, 2018''.
    (c) Excess Defense Articles.--Subsection (i)(2) of such section, as 
so amended, is further amended by striking ``,, 2015, and 2016'' each 
place it appears and inserting ``, 2015, 2016, and 2017''.

SEC. 1215. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON UNITED STATES POLICY AND STRATEGY IN 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The United States continues to have vital national 
        security interests in ensuring that Afghanistan is a stable, 
        sovereign country.
            (2) President Obama signed a Strategic Partnership 
        Agreement and a Bilateral Security Agreement with the President 
        of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which commits the 
        United States to the long-term security of, and defense 
        cooperation with, the Government of Afghanistan and designates 
        Afghanistan as a ``major non-NATO ally''.
            (3) The unity government in Afghanistan, led by President 
        Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah, should be applauded for 
        their continued leadership and commitment to Afghanistan's 
        stability and security.
            (4) Stability and security in Afghanistan reinforces 
        stability and security in the region.
            (5) The best long-term guarantor of stability and security 
        in Afghanistan is a stable unity government and a capable 
        Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF).
            (6) The President's current policy is to draw down from 
        9,800 to 5,500 United States troops by January 1, 2017. As the 
        recent commander in Afghanistan, General John Campbell, 
        testified to the Senate Armed Services Committee, ``the 5,500 
        [U.S. troops] plan was developed primarily around 
        counterterrorism. There's very limited train-advise-and-
        assist...in those numbers. To continue to build on the Afghan 
        Security Forces, the gaps and seams in aviation, logistics, 
        intelligence...we'd have to make some adjustments to that 
        number.''.
            (7) The President's policy of limiting the number of United 
        States troops that the commander can employ in Afghanistan is 
        hindering the effectiveness of the United States mission 
        therein.
            (8) Further, at the current policy of 9,800 United States 
        troops, the new commander of Operation Resolute Support in 
        Afghanistan, General John ``Mick'' Nicholson, agreed in 
        testimony with the Senate Armed Services Committee that the 
        security situation in Afghanistan has been deteriorating rather 
        than improving.
            (9) General John Campbell also stated ``. . .Afghan 
        shortfalls will persist beyond 2016. Capability gaps still 
        exist in fixed and rotary-wing aviation, combined arms 
        operations, intelligence collection and dissemination, and 
        maintenance.''.
            (10) General John Campbell further stated ``I have the 
        authority to protect coalition members against any insurgents. 
        . .to attack the Taliban just because they're Taliban, I do not 
        have that authority.''.
            (11) The Taliban have made territorial gains and are 
        holding terrain in key geographic areas in Afghanistan, 
        including in Helmand Province.
            (12) The Taliban held the city of Kunduz, Afghanistan, 
        which is the first time the Taliban have held a major city in 
        Afghanistan in 14 years.
            (13) The Haqqani Network, a designated foreign terrorist 
        organization aligned with the Taliban, is the most lethal group 
        on the battlefield in Afghanistan, and continues to provide 
        safe haven to al-Qaeda.
            (14) The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has 
        established an affiliate in Afghanistan.
            (15) Since the death of the Taliban's leader, Mullah 
        Mohammad Omar, and the ascendance of Mullah Akhtar Mansoor and 
        Saraj Haqqani, head of the Haqqani Network, to Taliban 
        leadership, the Taliban have not engaged in political 
        reconciliation negotiations with the Government of Afghanistan.
            (16) The President has the statutory, legal authority to 
        strike the Taliban and the Haqqani Network.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the President should authorize at least 9,800 United 
        States troops to continue the train, advise, and assist and 
        counterterrorism missions in Afghanistan after 2016;
            (2) the President should provide the United States 
        commander in Afghanistan with the authority to unilaterally 
        strike the Taliban and the Haqqani Network;
            (3) the President should provide additional resources to 
        strike the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in 
        Afghanistan;
            (4) the President should provide the United States 
        commander in Afghanistan the authority to conduct the train, 
        advise, and assist mission below the corps level of the Afghan 
        National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF);
            (5) the United States should provide United States Armed 
        Forces lift and close air support to ANDSF units until the 
        ANDSF has a fully capable, organic lift and close air support 
        capability and capacity;
            (6) the United States should provide monetary and advisory 
        support for 352,000 ANDSF personnel and 30,000 Afghan Local 
        Police, including intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance support, through 2018;
            (7) it should continue to be a top priority to provide 
        United States Armed Forces deployed to Afghanistan with 
        necessary medical, force protection, and combat search and 
        rescue support; and
            (8) United States military personnel who are tasked with 
        the mission of providing combat search and rescue support, 
        casualty evacuation, and medical support should not be counted 
        as part of any force management level limitation on the number 
        of United States ground forces in Afghanistan.

SEC. 1216. SPECIAL IMMIGRANT STATUS FOR CERTAIN AFGHANS.

    (a) Aliens Described.--Section 602(b)(2)(A)(ii)(I) of the Afghan 
Allies Protection Act of 2009 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended to read 
as follows:
                                    ``(I)(aa) by, or on behalf of, the 
                                United States Government, in the case 
                                of an alien submitting an application 
                                for Chief of Mission approval pursuant 
                                to subparagraph (D) before the date of 
                                the enactment of the National Defense 
                                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017; 
                                or
                                    ``(bb) in the case of an alien 
                                submitting an application for Chief of 
                                Mission approval pursuant to 
                                subparagraph (D) on or after the date 
                                of the enactment of the National 
                                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                                Year 2017, in a capacity that required 
                                the alien--
                                            ``(AA) to serve as an 
                                        interpreter or translator for 
                                        personnel of the Department of 
                                        State or the United States 
                                        Agency for International 
                                        Development in Afghanistan 
                                        while traveling away from 
                                        United States embassies or 
                                        consulates with such personnel;
                                            ``(BB) to serve as an 
                                        interpreter or translator for 
                                        United States military 
                                        personnel in Afghanistan while 
                                        traveling off-base with such 
                                        personnel; or
                                            ``(CC) to perform sensitive 
                                        and trusted activities for 
                                        United States military 
                                        personnel stationed in 
                                        Afghanistan; or''.
    (b) Numerical Limitations.--Clauses (i) and (ii) of section 
602(b)(3)(F) of such Act are each amended by striking ``December 31, 
2016;'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017;''.
    (c) Report.--Section 602(b)(14) of such Act is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this paragraph,'' and inserting ``Not later 
        than December 31, 2016, and annually thereafter through January 
        31, 2021,''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``under this 
        section;'' and inserting ``under subclause (I) or (II)(bb) of 
        paragraph (2)(A)(ii);''.

SEC. 1217. MODIFICATION TO SEMIANNUAL REPORT ON ENHANCING SECURITY AND 
              STABILITY IN AFGHANISTAN.

    Subsection (b) of section 1225 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3550), as amended by section 1213 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 129 Stat. 1045), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(8) Afghan personnel and pay system.--A description of 
        the status of the implementation of the Afghan Personnel and 
        Pay System (APPS) at the Afghan Ministry of Interior and the 
        Afghan Ministry of Defense for personnel funds provided through 
        the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund, including a description 
        of the following:
                    ``(A) The expected completion date of installation 
                and full implementation and utilization of the APPS.
                    ``(B) If installation of the APPS is complete at 
                one, or both, ministries, the extent to which the APPS 
                is being utilized to distribute personnel funds to the 
                Afghan National Army and Afghan National Police.
                    ``(C) If installation of the APPS is not complete 
                at one, or both, ministries, or full implementation and 
                utilization of the APPS has not been achieved at one, 
                or both, ministries, an explanation of any delays, any 
                expected obstacles, and any additional support that may 
                be needed for installation or full implementation and 
                utilization.
                    ``(D) Any examples of intentional delay or 
                obstruction by members of the Government of 
                Afghanistan, to include one, or both, ministries, or 
                any sub-unit thereof, to installing or fully 
                implementing or utilizing the APPS.
                    ``(E) If the APPS is fully implemented at one, or 
                both, ministries, the identified cost savings to date, 
                due to the elimination of waste, fraud, and abuse at 
                the ministry compared to the previous payroll system. 
                If the APPS is not fully implemented at one, or both, 
                ministries, the expected cost savings due to the 
                elimination of waste, fraud, and abuse at the ministry 
                once the APPS is fully implemented.
                    ``(F) If the APPS is not fully implemented, what 
                steps the United States and Afghanistan are taking to 
                mitigate waste, fraud, and abuse in the disbursement of 
                personnel funds provided through the Afghanistan 
                Security Forces Fund.''.

SEC. 1218. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO DR. SHAKIL AFRIDI.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The attacks of September 11, 2001, killed approximately 
        3,000 people, most of whom were Americans, but also included 
        hundreds of individuals with foreign citizenships, nearly 350 
        New York Fire Department personnel, and about 50 law 
        enforcement officers.
            (2) Downed United Airlines flight 93 was reportedly 
        intended, under the control of the al-Qaeda high-jackers, to 
        crash into the White House or the Capitol in an attempt to kill 
        the President of the United States or Members of the United 
        States Congress.
            (3) The September 11, 2001, attacks were largely planned 
        and carried out by the al-Qaeda terrorist network led by Osama 
        bin Laden and his deputy Ayman al Zawahiri, after which Osama 
        bin Laden enjoyed safe haven in Pakistan from where he 
        continued to plot deadly attacks against the United States and 
        the world.
            (4) The United States has obligated nearly $30 billion 
        between 2002 and 2014 in United States taxpayer money for 
        security and economic aid to Pakistan.
            (5) The United States very generously and swiftly responded 
        to the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake in Pakistan with more than $200 
        million in emergency aid and the support of several United 
        States military aircraft, approximately 1,000 United States 
        military personnel, including medical specialists, thousands of 
        tents, blankets, water containers and a variety of other 
        emergency equipment.
            (6) The United States again generously and swiftly 
        contributed approximately $150 million in emergency aid to 
        Pakistan following the 2010 Pakistan flood, in addition to the 
        service of nearly twenty United States military helicopters, 
        their flight crews, and other resources to assist the Pakistan 
        Army's relief efforts.
            (7) The United States continues to work tirelessly to 
        support Pakistan's economic development, including millions of 
        dollars allocated towards the development of Pakistan's energy 
        infrastructure, health services and education system.
            (8) The United States and Pakistan continue to have many 
        critical shared interests, both economic and security related, 
        which could be the foundation for a positive and mutually 
        beneficial partnership.
            (9) Dr. Shakil Afridi, a Pakistani physician, is a hero to 
        whom the people of the United States, Pakistan and the world 
        owe a debt of gratitude for his help in finally locating Osama 
        bin Laden before more innocent American, Pakistani and other 
        lives were lost to this terrorist leader.
            (10) Pakistan, the United States and the international 
        community had failed for nearly 10 years following attacks of 
        September 11, 2001, to locate and bring Osama bin Laden, who 
        continued to kill innocent civilians in the Middle East, Asia, 
        Europe, Africa and the United States, to justice without the 
        help of Dr. Afridi.
            (11) The Government of Pakistan's imprisonment of Dr. 
        Afridi presents a serious and growing impediment to the United 
        States' bilateral relations with Pakistan.
            (12) The Government of Pakistan has leveled and allowed 
        baseless charges against Dr. Afridi in a politically motivated, 
        spurious legal process.
            (13) Dr. Afridi is currently imprisoned by the Government 
        of Pakistan, a deplorable and unconscionable situation which 
        calls into question Pakistan's actual commitment to countering 
        terrorism and undermines the notion that Pakistan is a true 
        ally in the struggle against terrorism.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that Dr. Shakil 
Afridi is an international hero and that the Government of Pakistan 
should release him immediately from prison.

SEC. 1219. REPORT ON ACCESS TO FINANCIAL RECORDS OF THE GOVERNMENT OF 
              AFGHANISTAN TO AUDIT THE USE OF FUNDS FOR ASSISTANCE FOR 
              AFGHANISTAN.

    Not later than December 31, 2017, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to Congress a report on the extent to which the Combined 
Security Transition Command-Afghanistan has adequate access to 
financial records of the Government of Afghanistan to audit the use of 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2017 for assistance for Afghanistan.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria and Iraq

SEC. 1221. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE 
              ASSISTANCE TO THE VETTED SYRIAN OPPOSITION.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1209 of the Carl Levin 
and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3541) is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.
    (b) Reprogramming Requirement.--Subsection (f) of such section, as 
amended by section 1225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1055), is further 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 31, 2016'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2017''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Certification accompanying reprogramming requests.--
        Each request under paragraph (1) shall include a certification 
        of the Secretary of Defense that--
                    ``(A) a required number and type of United States 
                Armed Forces have been deployed to support the strategy 
                for Syria required under section 1225(b) of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
                (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1054) and to support a 
                plan to retake and hold Raqqa, Syria; and
                    ``(B) a required number and type of United States 
                Armed Forces have been deployed to support the elements 
                of the Syrian opposition and other Syrian groups and 
                individuals that are to be trained and equipped under 
                this section to ensure that such elements, groups, and 
                individuals are able to defend themselves from attacks 
                by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and 
                Government of Syria forces consistent with the purposes 
                set forth in subsection (a).''.

SEC. 1222. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE 
              ASSISTANCE TO COUNTER THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND THE 
              LEVANT.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) it should be the policy of the United States to 
        support, within the framework of the Iraqi Constitution, the 
        Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga, the Iraqi Security Forces, and Sunni 
        tribal forces in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq 
        and the Levant;
            (2) recognizing the important role of the Iraqi Kurdish 
        Peshmerga within the military campaign against ISIL in Iraq, 
        the United States should provide arms, training, and 
        appropriate equipment directly to the Kurdistan Regional 
        Government;
            (3) efforts should be made to ensure transparency and 
        oversight mechanisms are in place for oversight of United 
        States assistance to combat waste, fraud, and abuse; and
            (4) securing safe areas, including the Nineveh Plain, for 
        purposes of resettling and reintegrating ethnic and religious 
        minorities, including victims of genocide, into their 
        homelands, is a critical component of a safe, secure, and 
        sovereign Iraq.
    (b) Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 1236 of the Carl Levin 
and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3559) is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2016'' and inserting ``December 31, 2017''.
    (c) Funding.--Subsection (g) of such section, as amended by section 
1223 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
(Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1049), is further amended--
            (1) by striking the first sentence and inserting the 
        following: ``Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated in 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 for 
        Overseas Contingency Operations in title XV for fiscal year 
        2017, there are authorized to be appropriated $680,000,000 to 
        carry out this section.''; and
            (2) by striking the second sentence.
    (d) Submission of Plan Requirement.--Subsection (k) of such section 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(k) Submission of Plan Requirement.--Not more than 75 percent of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated under this section may be 
obligated or expended until not earlier than 15 days after the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of 
State, submits to the appropriate congressional committees a plan to 
re-take Mosul, Iraq from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant 
(ISIL) and to hold Mosul, Iraq.''.
    (e) Briefing and Authority to Assist Directly Certain Covered 
Groups.--Subsection (l) of such section, as so amended, is further 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Assessment'' 
        and inserting ``Briefing'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``Assessment'' and inserting ``Briefing'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016'' and 
                        inserting ``National Defense Authorization Act 
                        for Fiscal Year 2017''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``submit to the 
                        appropriate congressional committees an 
                        assessment of'' and inserting ``provide to the 
                        appropriate congressional committees a briefing 
                        that includes an assessment of'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) by striking ``submit to the appropriate 
                        congressional committees an update of'' and 
                        inserting ``provide to the appropriate 
                        congressional committees a briefing that 
                        includes an update of''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``the assessment is 
                        submitted'' and inserting ``the briefing is 
                        provided''; and
                    (D) by striking subparagraph (D);
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) by striking ``If the President'' and 
                        all that follows through ``the Secretary of 
                        Defense'' and inserting ``Of the funds 
                        authorized to be appropriated under this 
                        section, $50,000,000 shall be available to the 
                        Secretary of Defense'';
                            (ii) by striking ``is authorized'';
                            (iii) by striking ``assistance'' and 
                        inserting ``stipends and sustainment''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the following: 
                        ``Of the funds made available to carry out this 
                        subparagraph, not less than 33 percent shall be 
                        available for stipends and sustainment for the 
                        group described in subparagraph (D)(i).''.
                    (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                            (i) in the heading, by striking ``Cost-
                        sharing'' and inserting ``Submission of plan''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``cost-sharing'' and 
                        inserting ``submission of plan''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
                    ``(D) Covered groups.--The groups described in this 
                subparagraph are the following groups that are directly 
                engaged in the campaign for Mosul, Iraq:
                            ``(i) The Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga.
                            ``(ii) Sunni tribal security forces, or 
                        other local security forces, including ethnic 
                        and religious minority groups, with a national 
                        security mission.''.
    (f) Prohibition on Assistance and Report on Equipment or Supplies 
Transferred to or Acquired by Violent Extremist Organizations.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Assistance authorized under section 1236 
        of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
        291; 128 Stat. 3559), as so amended, may not be provided to the 
        Government of Iraq after the date that is 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act unless the Secretary of 
        Defense certifies to the appropriate congressional committees, 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, that the 
        Government of Iraq has taken such actions as may be reasonably 
        necessary to safeguard against such assistance being 
        transferred to or acquired by violent extremist organizations.
            (2) Briefing.--
                    (A) Briefing required.--Not later than 30 days 
                after the date on which the Secretary of Defense makes 
                any determination that equipment or supplies provided 
                pursuant to section 1236(a) of the Carl Levin and 
                Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
                291; 128 Stat. 3559), as so amended, have been 
                transferred to or acquired by a violent extremist 
                organization, the Secretary shall provide to the 
                appropriate congressional committees a briefing that 
                contains a description of the determination of the 
                Secretary and the transfer to or acquisition by the 
                violent extremist organization.
                    (B) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) 
                shall include, with respect to the transfer covered by 
                the report, the following:
                            (i) An assessment of the type and quantity 
                        of equipment or supplies transferred to the 
                        violent extremist organization.
                            (ii) A description of the criteria used to 
                        determine that the organization is a violent 
                        extremist organization.
                            (iii) A description, if known, of how the 
                        equipment or supplies were transferred to or 
                        acquired by the violent extremist organization.
                            (iv) If the equipment or supplies are 
                        determined to remain under the current control 
                        of the violent extremist organization, a 
                        description of the organization, including its 
                        relationship, if any, to the security forces of 
                        the Government of Iraq.
                            (v) A description of the end use monitoring 
                        or other policies and procedures in place in 
                        order to prevent equipment or supplies to be 
                        transferred to or acquired by violent extremist 
                        organizations.
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
                ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                            (i) the congressional defense committees; 
                        and
                            (ii) the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
                        the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs 
                        of the House of Representatives.
                    (B) Violent extremist organization.--The term 
                ``violent extremist organization'' means an 
                organization that--
                            (i) is a foreign terrorist organization 
                        designated by the Secretary of State under 
                        section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality 
                        Act (8 U.S.C. 1189) or is associated with a 
                        foreign terrorist organization; or
                            (ii) is known to be under the command and 
                        control of, or is associated with, the 
                        Government of Iran.

SEC. 1223. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT 
              OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE OFFICE OF SECURITY 
              COOPERATION IN IRAQ.

    (a) Extension of Authority.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 1215 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 125 Stat. 1631; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), as most recently amended 
by section 1221 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1047), is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and inserting ``fiscal 
        year 2017''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, Iraqi Border Police,'' after ``Iraqi 
        Ministry of Defense''.
    (b) Authority.--Subsection (a) of such section is amended by 
striking ``transition'' and inserting ``security''.
    (c) Amount Available.--Such section, as so amended, is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2017''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``fiscal year 2016'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2017''.

SEC. 1224. REPORT ON PREVENTION OF FUTURE TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS IN 
              IRAQ AND SYRIA.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that describes the political, 
economic, and security conditions in Iraq and Syria that would be 
necessary and sufficient to prevent the formation of future terrorist 
organizations in Iraq and Syria that may present a danger to the United 
States, its allies, and the stability of Iraq, Syria, and the rest of 
the Middle East region.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) A detailed construct of the conditions that must be met 
        for the Islamic State to be considered defeated and a 
        successful conclusion to Operation Inherent Resolve achieved.
            (2) A detailed explanation of the political, economic, and 
        security conditions that would--
                    (A) provide reasonable confidence a new terrorist 
                organization, including a successor to al Qaeda or 
                Islamic State, or an unrelated organization, would not 
                form in the region in the short and long term;
                    (B) decrease probability of terrorist attacks on 
                the United States, its allies, and countries in the 
                Middle East;
                    (C) eliminate safe havens for terrorist 
                organizations in Syria and Iraq; and
                    (D) diminish refugee flows within and out of Iraq 
                and Syria.
            (3) A strategy for the United States and its allies and 
        partners to facilitate those political, economic, and security 
        conditions in the short and long term, including a description 
        of--
                    (A) the posture, roles, and activities of the 
                Department of Defense in Iraq and Syria and the region;
                    (B) the roles and responsibilities of United 
                States' allies and regional partners; and
                    (C) the roles and responsibilities for other 
                countries and groups in the region, including Kurds, 
                Shia, and Sunni groups in Iraq and Syria, and Saudi 
                Arabia and Iran.
            (4) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense may 
        determine to be appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex if 
necessary.

SEC. 1225. SEMIANNUAL REPORT ON INTEGRATION OF POLITICAL AND MILITARY 
              STRATEGIES AGAINST ISIL.

    (a) Reports Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary 
        of State shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress, on a semiannual basis, a report on the political and 
        military strategies to defeat the Islamic State in Iraq and the 
        Levant.
            (2) Submittal.--A report under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted not later than June 15 each year, for the 6-month 
        period ending on May 31 of such year, and not later than 
        December 15 each year, for the 6-month period ending on 
        November 30 of such year.
            (3) Form.--Each report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--Each report required under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) Military strategy and objectives of the United States 
        Department of Defense and coalition partners against the 
        Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (hereinafter in this 
        section referred to as ``ISIL'');
            (2) Political strategy and objectives of the United States 
        Department of State and coalition partners to address the 
        political roots underlying the growth of ISIL, including--
                    (A) a comprehensive political plan for achieving a 
                transition plan, interim government, and free and fair 
                internationally monitored elections after the end of 
                the current government headed by Bashar al-Assad;
                    (B) a comprehensive political plan for Iraqi 
                political reform and reconciliation between ethnic 
                groups and political parties (including a plan for 
                passage of national guard legislation, repeal of de-
                Baathification laws, and a plan for equitable petroleum 
                revenue sharing with the Kurdistan Regional 
                Government); and
                    (C) a critical assessment of the current size and 
                structure of the Iraqi Security Forces (hereinafter in 
                this section referred to as ``ISF'') including an 
                assessment of--
                            (i) provincial and neighborhood militias 
                        and special counterterrorism units;
                            (ii) any changes in strength and mix of 
                        force structure within the ISF;
                            (iii) levels of recruitment, retention, and 
                        attrition within ISF forces; and
                            (iv) the operating budget of the ISF.
    (c) Report by Comptroller General.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
review of--
            (1) the transparency and anti-fraud, internal controls and 
        accounting, and other measures undertaken by the Government of 
        Iraq for the ISF, including irregular forces, relating to cash 
        transfers and other assistance provided through the Iraq Train 
        and Equip Fund; and
            (2) the financial management capacity and accountability of 
        United States direct assistance with respect to all recipients 
        of funding under the Iraq Train and Equip Fund.
    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Appropriations, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
        House of Representatives.
    (e) Sunset.--The requirements under this section shall expire on 
the date that is three years after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 1226. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONDEMNING CONTINUING ATTACKS ON MEDICAL 
              FACILITIES IN SYRIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Attacks intentionally targeting civilians, medical 
        personnel, or medical facilities constitute grave violations of 
        international humanitarian law.
            (2) In Syria, schools, markets, and hospitals are routinely 
        destroyed in attacks and medical providers routinely targeted 
        for attacks.
            (3) Physicians for Human Ri