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Summary (3)

There are 3 summaries for H.R.985. View summaries

Shown Here:
Passed House amended (11/14/2016)

Concrete Masonry Products Research, Education, and Promotion Act of 2015

(Sec. 4) This bill directs the Department of Commerce to issue orders applicable to manufacturers of concrete masonry products.

An order regarding the generic research, education, and promotion of concrete masonry products may be:

  • proposed by Commerce at any time, or
  • requested (and submitted to Commerce) by an existing national organization of concrete masonry product manufacturers or any person that may be affected by the issuance of such an order.

(Sec. 5) Any order issued under this bill shall provide for establishment of a Concrete Masonry Products Board to carry out a program of generic promotion, research, and education regarding concrete masonry products. The order shall specify the powers and duties of the board.

The board may not engage in any action, nor use any funds received under this bill, to:

  • influence legislation, elections, or governmental action;
  • engage in any conflict of interest;
  • engage in advertising that is false or misleading; or
  • engage in any promotion, research, or education that would be disparaging to other construction materials, or any promotion or project that would benefit any individual manufacturer.

Manufacturers and importers shall maintain, and make available for inspection, specified records.

(Sec. 6) Any order must also require that quarterly assessments be paid by manufacturers for any concrete masonry products manufactured at least 180 days before remittance of the assessment to the board.

The bill establishes an initial assessment rate of $0.01 per concrete masonry unit sold. The board may increase or decrease such rate but any change may not exceed $0.01 per unit, and be made no more than once per year. The maximum rate shall be $0.05 per unit.

At least 50% of the assessments (less administrative expenses) paid by a manufacturer shall be used to support research, education, and promotion programs and projects in support of the manufacturer's geographic region. The bill divides the states into five specified regions, whose composition Commerce may adjust on the board's recommendation.

(Sec. 7) During the 60-day period preceding the proposed effective date of an order, Commerce shall conduct a referendum for order approval, according to specified procedures, among the manufacturers required to pay assessments under it.

(Sec. 8) The bill prescribes requirements for petition and review of an order, including order enforcement through U.S. district courts. Commerce may assess a civil penalty on any person willfully violating such an order or regulation.

(Sec. 10) Commerce may also conduct appropriate investigations to administer this bill (with power of subpoena).

(Sec. 11) Commerce must suspend or terminate any order, or a provision of an order, that obstructs or does not tend to effectuate the purposes of this bill, or that is not favored by a majority of all votes cast in a referendum.

(Sec. 15) Funds appropriated to carry out this bill may not be used for the board's payment of expenses or expenditures in administering the order.

(Sec. 16) In each fiscal year that begins on the enactment of this bill and ends on the last day of the 11th fiscal year that begins on or after such enactment, the board may not obligate an amount greater than the sum of:

  • 73% of the amount of assessments estimated to be collected in such fiscal year;
  • 73% of the amount of assessments actually collected in the most recent fiscal year for which an audit report has been submitted as of the beginning of the fiscal year for which the amount that may be obligated is being determined, less the estimate made for the most recent fiscal year; and
  • unobligated amounts permitted in the preceding fiscal years.

This bill prescribes a special rule regarding this prohibition for the amount of assessments estimated to be collected in the 9th and 10th fiscal years that begin on or after such enactment.

(Sec. 17) The Government Accountability Office shall study how the board spends assessments collected, the impact of board activities, and other matters relating to the demand for concrete masonry products.

(Sec. 18) Commerce shall examine the appropriateness and effectiveness of applying the commodity check-off program model to a nonagricultural industry. (A commodity check-off program collects funds through a checkoff mechanism from producers of a particular agricultural commodity and uses them to promote and do research on that particular commodity.)


Actions Overview (3)

Date
11/14/2016 Passed/agreed to in House: On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: (2/3 required): 355 - 38 (Roll no. 575).
07/08/2016 Reported (Amended) by the Committee on Energy and Commerce. H. Rept. 114-671.
02/13/2015 Introduced in House

All Actions (16)

Date Chamber
11/15/2016 Senate Received in the Senate.
11/14/2016-6:52pm House Motion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
11/14/2016-6:52pm House On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: (2/3 required): 355 - 38 (Roll no. 575). (text: CR H6120-6125)
11/14/2016-6:30pm House Considered as unfinished business. (consideration: CR H6132-6133)
11/14/2016-3:09pm House At the conclusion of debate, the Yeas and Nays were demanded and ordered. Pursuant to the provisions of clause 8, rule XX, the Chair announced that further proceedings on the motion would be postponed.
11/14/2016-2:59pm House DEBATE - The House proceeded with forty minutes of debate on H.R. 985.
11/14/2016-2:59pm House Considered under suspension of the rules. (consideration: CR H6120-6126)
11/14/2016-2:59pm House Mr. Burgess moved to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended.
07/08/2016 House Placed on the Union Calendar, Calendar No. 519.
07/08/2016 House Reported (Amended) by the Committee on Energy and Commerce. H. Rept. 114-671.
Action By: House Energy and Commerce
07/29/2015 House Ordered to be Reported (Amended) by Voice Vote.
Action By: House Energy and Commerce
07/29/2015 House Committee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held. Markup report CQ
Action By: House Energy and Commerce
07/10/2015 House Subcommittee Hearings Held.
Action By: House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing, and Trade
02/20/2015 House Referred to the Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing, and Trade.
Action By: House Energy and Commerce
02/13/2015 House Referred to the House Committee on Energy and Commerce.
02/13/2015 House Introduced in House

Titles (4)

Short Titles:

Short Titles - House of Representatives

Short Titles as Passed House:

Concrete Masonry Products Research, Education, and Promotion Act of 2015

Short Titles as Reported to House:

Concrete Masonry Products Research, Education, and Promotion Act of 2015

Short Titles as Introduced:

Concrete Masonry Products Research, Education, and Promotion Act of 2015

Official Titles:

Official Titles - House of Representatives

Official Title as Introduced:

To enable concrete masonry products manufacturers to establish, finance, and carry out a coordinated program of research, education, and promotion to improve, maintain, and develop markets for concrete masonry products.


Subjects (11)

  • Administrative law and regulatory procedures
  • Administrative remedies
  • Building construction
  • Department of Commerce
  • Executive agency funding and structure
  • Judicial review and appeals
  • Manufacturing
  • Marketing and advertising
  • Materials
  • User charges and fees

Cosponsors (247)

* = Original cosponsor
CosponsorDate Cosponsored
Rep. Castor, Kathy [D-FL-14]* 02/13/2015
Rep. Ellmers, Renee L. [R-NC-2] 02/24/2015
Rep. Hudson, Richard [R-NC-8] 02/27/2015
Rep. Butterfield, G. K. [D-NC-1] 02/27/2015
Rep. Shimkus, John [R-IL-15] 03/02/2015
Rep. Harper, Gregg [R-MS-3] 03/02/2015
Rep. Bucshon, Larry [R-IN-8] 03/02/2015
Rep. McKinley, David B. [R-WV-1] 03/02/2015
Rep. Matsui, Doris O. [D-CA-6] 03/02/2015
Rep. Wilson, Joe [R-SC-2] 03/02/2015
Rep. Whitfield, Ed [R-KY-1] 03/02/2015
Rep. Yarmuth, John A. [D-KY-3] 03/04/2015
Rep. Olson, Pete [R-TX-22] 03/04/2015
Rep. Huizenga, Bill [R-MI-2] 03/04/2015
Rep. Ribble, Reid J. [R-WI-8] 03/10/2015
Rep. Moore, Gwen [D-WI-4] 03/10/2015
Rep. Collins, Chris [R-NY-27] 03/10/2015
Rep. Walberg, Tim [R-MI-7] 03/10/2015
Rep. Levin, Sander M. [D-MI-9] 03/10/2015
Rep. Graves, Sam [R-MO-6] 03/10/2015
Rep. Garamendi, John [D-CA-3] 03/10/2015
Rep. McHenry, Patrick T. [R-NC-10] 03/13/2015
Rep. Connolly, Gerald E. [D-VA-11] 03/13/2015
Rep. Clark, Katherine M. [D-MA-5] 03/17/2015
Rep. McGovern, James P. [D-MA-2] 03/17/2015
Rep. Luetkemeyer, Blaine [R-MO-3] 03/17/2015
Rep. Brownley, Julia [D-CA-26] 03/17/2015
Rep. Posey, Bill [R-FL-8] 03/17/2015
Rep. Amodei, Mark E. [R-NV-2] 03/17/2015
Rep. Long, Billy [R-MO-7] 03/17/2015
Rep. Sinema, Kyrsten [D-AZ-9] 03/19/2015
Rep. Loebsack, David [D-IA-2] 03/23/2015
Rep. Meehan, Patrick [R-PA-7] 03/24/2015
Rep. Hanna, Richard L. [R-NY-22] 03/24/2015
Rep. Lipinski, Daniel [D-IL-3] 03/24/2015
Rep. Hartzler, Vicky [R-MO-4] 03/24/2015
Rep. Huelskamp, Tim [R-KS-1] 03/25/2015
Rep. Brooks, Susan W. [R-IN-5] 03/26/2015
Rep. Kinzinger, Adam [R-IL-16] 03/26/2015
Rep. Rush, Bobby L. [D-IL-1] 03/26/2015
Rep. Dent, Charles W. [R-PA-15] 03/26/2015
Rep. King, Steve [R-IA-4] 04/13/2015
Rep. Blackburn, Marsha [R-TN-7] 04/13/2015
Rep. Benishek, Dan [R-MI-1] 04/13/2015
Rep. Murphy, Patrick [D-FL-18] 04/13/2015
Rep. Walz, Timothy J. [D-MN-1] 04/13/2015
Rep. Conyers, John, Jr. [D-MI-13] 04/13/2015
Rep. Esty, Elizabeth H. [D-CT-5] 04/13/2015
Rep. Tiberi, Patrick J. [R-OH-12] 04/13/2015
Rep. Miller, Candice S. [R-MI-10] 04/14/2015
Rep. Israel, Steve [D-NY-3] 04/14/2015
Rep. Webster, Daniel [R-FL-10] 04/14/2015
Rep. Ryan, Tim [D-OH-13] 04/14/2015
Rep. Neugebauer, Randy [R-TX-19] 04/15/2015
Rep. Nolan, Richard M. [D-MN-8] 04/15/2015
Rep. Johnson, Bill [R-OH-6] 04/20/2015
Rep. Peterson, Collin C. [D-MN-7] 04/21/2015
Rep. Cummings, Elijah E. [D-MD-7] 04/21/2015
Rep. Norton, Eleanor Holmes [D-DC-At Large] 04/21/2015
Rep. Miller, Jeff [R-FL-1] 04/22/2015
Rep. Ruppersberger, C. A. Dutch [D-MD-2] 04/22/2015
Rep. Van Hollen, Chris [D-MD-8] 04/22/2015
Rep. Blum, Rod [R-IA-1] 04/27/2015
Rep. DelBene, Suzan K. [D-WA-1] 04/27/2015
Rep. Heck, Denny [D-WA-10] 04/27/2015
Rep. Kilmer, Derek [D-WA-6] 04/29/2015
Rep. Kildee, Daniel T. [D-MI-5] 04/30/2015
Rep. Cartwright, Matt [D-PA-17] 04/30/2015
Rep. Maloney, Carolyn B. [D-NY-12] 04/30/2015
Rep. Kaptur, Marcy [D-OH-9] 04/30/2015
Rep. Bishop, Mike [R-MI-8] 04/30/2015
Rep. Tsongas, Niki [D-MA-3] 04/30/2015
Rep. Delaney, John K. [D-MD-6] 04/30/2015
Rep. Palazzo, Steven M. [R-MS-4] 04/30/2015
Rep. Aderholt, Robert B. [R-AL-4] 05/01/2015
Rep. Byrne, Bradley [R-AL-1] 05/01/2015
Rep. Davis, Rodney [R-IL-13] 05/13/2015
Rep. Lujan, Ben Ray [D-NM-3] 05/13/2015
Rep. Cole, Tom [R-OK-4] 05/13/2015
Rep. Fattah, Chaka [D-PA-2] 05/13/2015
Rep. Wilson, Frederica S. [D-FL-24] 05/13/2015
Rep. DesJarlais, Scott [R-TN-4] 05/13/2015
Rep. Cooper, Jim [D-TN-5] 05/13/2015
Rep. Kelly, Mike [R-PA-3] 05/13/2015
Rep. Kennedy, Joseph P., III [D-MA-4] 05/13/2015
Rep. Holding, George [R-NC-13] 05/13/2015
Rep. Chabot, Steve [R-OH-1] 05/13/2015
Rep. Rouzer, David [R-NC-7] 05/14/2015
Rep. Franks, Trent [R-AZ-8] 05/14/2015
Rep. Williams, Roger [R-TX-25] 05/14/2015
Rep. Granger, Kay [R-TX-12] 05/15/2015
Rep. Smith, Adam [D-WA-9] 05/19/2015
Rep. Hultgren, Randy [R-IL-14] 05/19/2015
Rep. Goodlatte, Bob [R-VA-6] 05/20/2015
Rep. Bost, Mike [R-IL-12] 05/20/2015
Rep. Turner, Michael R. [R-OH-10] 05/21/2015
Rep. Roby, Martha [R-AL-2] 05/21/2015
Rep. Sewell, Terri A. [D-AL-7] 05/21/2015
Rep. Hunter, Duncan D. [R-CA-50] 05/29/2015
Rep. Jenkins, Lynn [R-KS-2] 05/29/2015
Rep. Beatty, Joyce [D-OH-3] 05/29/2015
Rep. Speier, Jackie [D-CA-14] 05/29/2015
Rep. Carney, John C., Jr. [D-DE-At Large] 05/29/2015
Rep. Hinojosa, Ruben [D-TX-15] 05/29/2015
Rep. Murphy, Tim [R-PA-18] 05/29/2015
Rep. Jackson Lee, Sheila [D-TX-18] 05/29/2015
Rep. Doyle, Michael F. [D-PA-14] 06/01/2015
Rep. Smith, Lamar [R-TX-21] 06/01/2015
Rep. Sessions, Pete [R-TX-32] 06/01/2015
Rep. DeGette, Diana [D-CO-1] 06/03/2015
Rep. Grayson, Alan [D-FL-9] 06/03/2015
Rep. Hastings, Alcee L. [D-FL-20] 06/04/2015
Rep. Barletta, Lou [R-PA-11] 06/04/2015
Rep. Denham, Jeff [R-CA-10] 06/04/2015
Rep. Frankel, Lois [D-FL-22] 06/04/2015
Rep. Yoho, Ted S. [R-FL-3] 06/04/2015
Rep. Crenshaw, Ander [R-FL-4] 06/04/2015
Rep. Valadao, David G. [R-CA-21] 06/09/2015
Rep. Jones, Walter B., Jr. [R-NC-3] 06/09/2015
Rep. Messer, Luke [R-IN-6] 06/09/2015
Rep. Rooney, Thomas J. [R-FL-17] 06/10/2015
Rep. Farenthold, Blake [R-TX-27] 06/10/2015
Rep. Diaz-Balart, Mario [R-FL-25] 06/11/2015
Rep. Duffy, Sean P. [R-WI-7] 06/11/2015
Rep. Huffman, Jared [D-CA-2] 06/12/2015
Rep. Takano, Mark [D-CA-41] 06/15/2015
Rep. Poe, Ted [R-TX-2] 06/15/2015
Rep. Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana [R-FL-27] 06/15/2015
Rep. Barr, Andy [R-KY-6] 06/16/2015
Rep. Rogers, Mike D. [R-AL-3] 06/16/2015
Rep. Velazquez, Nydia M. [D-NY-7] 06/16/2015
Rep. Brown, Corrine [D-FL-5] 06/16/2015
Rep. Brady, Robert A. [D-PA-1] 06/16/2015
Rep. Vargas, Juan [D-CA-51] 06/16/2015
Rep. Yoder, Kevin [R-KS-3] 06/16/2015
Rep. Thompson, Glenn [R-PA-5] 06/16/2015
Rep. Fitzpatrick, Michael G. [R-PA-8] 06/16/2015
Rep. Stivers, Steve [R-OH-15] 06/17/2015
Rep. Costa, Jim [D-CA-16] 06/17/2015
Rep. Gibson, Christopher P. [R-NY-19] 06/17/2015
Rep. King, Peter T. [R-NY-2] 06/19/2015
Rep. Neal, Richard E. [D-MA-1] 06/19/2015
Rep. Duncan, John J., Jr. [R-TN-2] 06/19/2015
Rep. Fincher, Stephen Lee [R-TN-8] 06/19/2015
Rep. Royce, Edward R. [R-CA-39] 06/23/2015
Rep. Bustos, Cheri [D-IL-17] 06/23/2015
Rep. Tonko, Paul [D-NY-20] 06/23/2015
Rep. Roskam, Peter J. [R-IL-6] 06/24/2015
Rep. Costello, Ryan A. [R-PA-6] 06/24/2015
Rep. Meadows, Mark [R-NC-11] 06/24/2015
Rep. Bera, Ami [D-CA-7] 06/25/2015
Rep. Sarbanes, John P. [D-MD-3] 07/07/2015
Rep. Kuster, Ann M. [D-NH-2] 07/07/2015
Rep. Calvert, Ken [R-CA-42] 07/07/2015
Rep. Mullin, Markwayne [R-OK-2] 07/07/2015
Rep. Higgins, Brian [D-NY-26] 07/07/2015
Rep. Capps, Lois [D-CA-24] 07/08/2015
Rep. Carter, John R. [R-TX-31] 07/08/2015
Rep. Peters, Scott H. [D-CA-52] 07/08/2015
Rep. Katko, John [R-NY-24] 07/09/2015
Rep. Rogers, Harold [R-KY-5] 07/09/2015
Rep. Johnson, Eddie Bernice [D-TX-30] 07/09/2015
Rep. Lawrence, Brenda L. [D-MI-14] 07/13/2015
Rep. Kelly, Robin L. [D-IL-2] 07/14/2015
Rep. Foster, Bill [D-IL-11] 07/15/2015
Rep. Ross, Dennis A. [R-FL-15] 07/15/2015
Rep. Wasserman Schultz, Debbie [D-FL-23] 07/16/2015
Rep. Quigley, Mike [D-IL-5] 07/20/2015
Rep. Jenkins, Evan H. [R-WV-3] 07/20/2015
Rep. Griffith, H. Morgan [R-VA-9] 07/22/2015
Rep. Adams, Alma S. [D-NC-12] 07/27/2015
Rep. Cohen, Steve [D-TN-9] 07/27/2015
Rep. Bilirakis, Gus M. [R-FL-12] 07/29/2015
Rep. Dold, Robert J. [R-IL-10] 07/29/2015
Rep. Shuster, Bill [R-PA-9] 07/29/2015
Rep. Reed, Tom [R-NY-23] 07/29/2015
Rep. Roe, David P. [R-TN-1] 09/08/2015
Rep. Mica, John L. [R-FL-7] 09/08/2015
Rep. Buchanan, Vern [R-FL-16] 09/08/2015
Rep. Gutierrez, Luis V. [D-IL-4] 09/08/2015
Rep. Pocan, Mark [D-WI-2] 09/08/2015
Rep. Cook, Paul [R-CA-8] 09/08/2015
Rep. Conaway, K. Michael [R-TX-11] 09/08/2015
Rep. Lynch, Stephen F. [D-MA-8] 09/08/2015
Rep. Scott, Robert C. "Bobby" [D-VA-3] 09/08/2015
Rep. Nugent, Richard B. [R-FL-11] 09/08/2015
Rep. Gallego, Ruben [D-AZ-7] 09/08/2015
Rep. Lujan Grisham, Michelle [D-NM-1] 09/08/2015
Rep. Bishop, Rob [R-UT-1] 09/08/2015
Rep. Joyce, David P. [R-OH-14] 09/08/2015
Rep. Schweikert, David [R-AZ-6] 09/08/2015
Rep. Carson, Andre [D-IN-7] 09/08/2015
Rep. Stewart, Chris [R-UT-2] 09/09/2015
Rep. Kirkpatrick, Ann [D-AZ-1] 09/09/2015
Rep. Carter, Earl L. "Buddy" [R-GA-1] 09/10/2015
Rep. Pearce, Stevan [R-NM-2] 09/10/2015
Rep. Thompson, Bennie G. [D-MS-2] 09/11/2015
Rep. Crawford, Eric A. "Rick" [R-AR-1] 09/11/2015
Rep. Lamborn, Doug [R-CO-5] 09/15/2015
Rep. Tipton, Scott R. [R-CO-3] 09/15/2015
Rep. Scott, David [D-GA-13] 09/16/2015
Rep. Duckworth, Tammy [D-IL-8] 09/17/2015
Rep. Payne, Donald M., Jr. [D-NJ-10] 09/24/2015
Rep. Pascrell, Bill, Jr. [D-NJ-9] 09/24/2015
Rep. Honda, Michael M. [D-CA-17] 09/24/2015
Rep. Clay, Wm. Lacy [D-MO-1] 09/24/2015
Rep. Ruiz, Raul [D-CA-36] 09/24/2015
Rep. Fleischmann, Charles J. "Chuck" [R-TN-3] 09/24/2015
Rep. Collins, Doug [R-GA-9] 09/28/2015
Rep. Slaughter, Louise McIntosh [D-NY-25] 10/05/2015
Rep. Trott, David A. [R-MI-11] 10/05/2015
Rep. LoBiondo, Frank A. [R-NJ-2] 10/05/2015
Rep. Dingell, Debbie [D-MI-12] 10/07/2015
Rep. Noem, Kristi L. [R-SD-At Large] 10/08/2015
Rep. Sires, Albio [D-NJ-8] 10/08/2015
Rep. McCollum, Betty [D-MN-4] 10/09/2015
Rep. Serrano, Jose E. [D-NY-15] 10/20/2015
Rep. Green, Gene [D-TX-29] 10/20/2015
Rep. Roybal-Allard, Lucille [D-CA-40] 10/21/2015
Rep. Kind, Ron [D-WI-3] 10/21/2015
Rep. Watson Coleman, Bonnie [D-NJ-12] 10/22/2015
Rep. Cicilline, David N. [D-RI-1] 10/26/2015
Rep. Cardenas, Tony [D-CA-29] 10/28/2015
Rep. Womack, Steve [R-AR-3] 11/03/2015
Rep. Edwards, Donna F. [D-MD-4] 11/03/2015
Rep. Wagner, Ann [R-MO-2] 11/04/2015
Rep. Lieu, Ted [D-CA-33] 11/16/2015
Rep. Davis, Susan A. [D-CA-53] 11/16/2015
Rep. Westerman, Bruce [R-AR-4] 11/16/2015
Rep. Rokita, Todd [R-IN-4] 11/17/2015
Rep. Lucas, Frank D. [R-OK-3] 11/17/2015
Rep. Ashford, Brad [D-NE-2] 11/17/2015
Rep. Bridenstine, Jim [R-OK-1] 11/17/2015
Rep. Lowenthal, Alan S. [D-CA-47] 11/18/2015
Rep. DeSaulnier, Mark [D-CA-11] 11/18/2015
Rep. Allen, Rick W. [R-GA-12] 11/19/2015
Rep. Kelly, Trent [R-MS-1] 11/19/2015
Rep. Perlmutter, Ed [D-CO-7] 12/07/2015
Rep. Abraham, Ralph Lee [R-LA-5] 12/10/2015
Rep. Nunes, Devin [R-CA-22] 12/11/2015
Rep. Comstock, Barbara [R-VA-10] 12/11/2015
Rep. Grijalva, Raul M. [D-AZ-3] 12/17/2015
Rep. Reichert, David G. [R-WA-8] 12/18/2015
Rep. Young, David [R-IA-3] 01/11/2016
Rep. Price, David E. [D-NC-4] 05/23/2016
Rep. Walker, Mark [R-NC-6] 05/23/2016
Rep. Young, Todd C. [R-IN-9] 07/08/2016

Committees (1)

Committees, subcommittees and links to reports associated with this bill are listed here, as well as the nature and date of committee activity and Congressional report number.

Committee / Subcommittee Date Activity Reports
House Energy and Commerce02/13/2015 Referred to
07/29/2015 Markup by
07/08/2016 Reported by H. Rept. 114-671
House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing, and Trade02/20/2015 Referred to
07/10/2015 Hearings by

Related Bills (1)

A related bill may be a companion measure, an identical bill, a procedurally-related measure, or one with text similarities. Bill relationships are identified by the House, the Senate, or CRS, and refer only to same-congress measures.