Text: S.1356 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 114-92 (11/25/2015)

 
[114th Congress Public Law 92]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 725]]

         NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2016

[[Page 129 STAT. 726]]

Public Law 114-92
114th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2016 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Nov. 25, 
                          2015 -  [S. 1356]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.
Sec. 5. Explanatory statement.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Prioritization of upgraded UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters within 
           Army National Guard.
Sec. 112. Roadmap for replacement of A/MH-6 Mission Enhanced Little Bird 
           aircraft to meet special operations requirements.
Sec. 113. Report on options to accelerate replacement of UH-60A 
           Blackhawk helicopters of Army National Guard.
Sec. 114. Sense of Congress on tactical wheeled vehicle protection kits.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of CVN-78 class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Amendment to cost limitation baseline for CVN-78 class 
           aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 123. Extension and modification of limitation on availability of 
           funds for Littoral Combat Ship.

[[Page 129 STAT. 727]]

Sec. 124. Modification to multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh 
           Burke class destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 125. Procurement of additional Arleigh Burke class destroyer.
Sec. 126. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. George 
           Washington.
Sec. 127. Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. John F. Kennedy 
           (CVN-79).
Sec. 129. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. Enterprise 
           (CVN-80).
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 131. Reporting requirement for Ohio-class replacement submarine 
           program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Backup inventory status of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 142. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
           aircraft.
Sec. 143. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of EC-130H 
           Compass Call aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
           Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, EC-130H Compass 
           Call, and Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35A aircraft 
           procurement.
Sec. 146. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of KC-10 
           aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for transfer of C-130 
           aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for executive 
           communications upgrades for C-20 and C-37 aircraft.
Sec. 149. Limitation on availability of funds for T-1A Jayhawk aircraft.
Sec. 150. Notification of retirement of B-1, B-2, and B-52 bomber 
           aircraft.
Sec. 151. Inventory requirement for fighter aircraft of the Air Force.
Sec. 152. Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of F-35A 
           aircraft.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Battle Command-
           Platform.
Sec. 162. Report on Army and Marine Corps modernization plan for small 
           arms.
Sec. 163. Study on use of different types of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition 
           by the Army and the Marine Corps.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.
Sec. 212.  Expansion of eligibility for financial assistance under 
           Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
           Transformation Program to include citizens of countries 
           participating in the Technical Cooperation Program.
Sec. 213. Expansion of education partnerships to support technology 
           transfer and transition.
Sec. 214. Improvement to coordination and communication of defense 
           research activities.
Sec. 215. Reauthorization of Global Research Watch program.
Sec. 216. Reauthorization of defense research and development rapid 
           innovation program.
Sec. 217. Science and technology activities to support business systems 
           information technology acquisition programs.
Sec. 218. Department of Defense technology offset program to build and 
           maintain the military technological superiority of the United 
           States.
Sec. 219. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15 infrared search 
           and track capability development.
Sec. 220. Limitation on availability of funds for development of the 
           shallow water combat submersible.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for the advanced 
           development and manufacturing facility under the medical 
           countermeasure program.
Sec. 222. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
           ground system of the Army.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
           ground system of the United States Special Operations 
           Command.
Sec. 224. Limitation on availability of funds for Integrated Personnel 
           and Pay System of the Army.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Streamlining the Joint Federated Assurance Center.

[[Page 129 STAT. 728]]

Sec. 232. Demonstration of Persistent Close Air Support capabilities.
Sec. 233. Strategies for engagement with Historically Black Colleges and 
           Universities and Minority-serving Institutions of Higher 
           Education.
Sec. 234. Report on commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
           systems for Army tactical unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 235. Report on Tactical Combat Training System Increment II.
Sec. 236. Report on technology readiness levels of the technologies and 
           capabilities critical to the long-range strike bomber 
           aircraft.
Sec. 237. Assessment of air-land mobile tactical communications and data 
           network requirements and capabilities.
Sec. 238. Study of field failures involving counterfeit electronic 
           parts.
Sec. 239. Airborne data link plan.
Sec. 240. Plan for advanced weapons technology war games.
Sec. 241. Independent assessment of F135 engine program.
Sec. 242. Comptroller General review of autonomic logistics information 
           system for F-35 Lightning II aircraft.
Sec. 243. Sense of Congress regarding facilitation of a high quality 
           technical workforce.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.
Sec. 312. Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas.
Sec. 313. Modification of energy management reporting requirements.
Sec. 314. Revision to scope of statutorily required review of projects 
           relating to potential obstructions to aviation so as to apply 
           only to energy projects.
Sec. 315. Exclusions from definition of ``chemical substance'' under 
           Toxic Substances Control Act.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 322. Repeal of limitation on authority to enter into a contract for 
           the sustainment, maintenance, repair, or overhaul of the F117 
           engine.
Sec. 323. Pilot programs for availability of working-capital funds for 
           product improvements.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modification of annual report on prepositioned materiel and 
           equipment.
Sec. 332. Report on merger of Office of Assistant Secretary for 
           Operational Energy Plans and Deputy Under Secretary for 
           Installations and Environment.
Sec. 333. Report on equipment purchased noncompetitively from foreign 
           entities.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Prohibition on contracts making payments for honoring members 
           of the Armed Forces at sporting events.
Sec. 342. Military animals: transfer and adoption.
Sec. 343. Temporary authority to extend contracts and leases under the 
           ARMS Initiative.
Sec. 344. Improvements to Department of Defense excess property 
           disposal.
Sec. 345. Limitation on use of funds for Department of Defense 
           sponsorships, advertising, or marketing associated with 
           sports-related organizations or sporting events.
Sec. 346. Reduction in amounts available for Department of Defense 
           headquarters, administrative, and support activities.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
           levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
           reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2016 limitation on number of non-dual status 
           technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.

[[Page 129 STAT. 729]]

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Report on force structure of the Army.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Reinstatement of enhanced authority for selective early 
           discharge of warrant officers.
Sec. 502. Equitable treatment of junior officers excluded from an all-
           fully-qualified-officers list because of administrative 
           error.
Sec. 503. Enhanced flexibility for determination of officers to continue 
           on active duty and for selective early retirement and early 
           discharge.
Sec. 504. Authority to defer until age 68 mandatory retirement for age 
           of a general or flag officer serving as Chief or Deputy Chief 
           of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, or Air Force.
Sec. 505. General rule for warrant officer retirement in highest grade 
           held satisfactorily.
Sec. 506. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendation on the 
           definition and availability of costs associated with general 
           and flag officers and their aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Continued service in the Ready Reserve by Members of Congress 
           who are also members of the Ready Reserve.
Sec. 512. Clarification of purpose of reserve component special 
           selection boards as limited to correction of error at a 
           mandatory promotion board.
Sec. 513. Increase in number of days of active duty required to be 
           performed by reserve component members for duty to be 
           considered Federal service for purposes of unemployment 
           compensation for ex-servicemembers.
Sec. 514. Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
           personnel to provide training and instruction regarding pilot 
           training.
Sec. 515. Assessment of Military Compensation and Retirement 
           Modernization Commission recommendation regarding 
           consolidation of authorities to order members of reserve 
           components to perform duty.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Limited authority for Secretary concerned to initiate 
           applications for correction of military records.
Sec. 522. Temporary authority to develop and provide additional 
           recruitment incentives.
Sec. 523. Expansion of authority to conduct pilot programs on career 
           flexibility to enhance retention of members of the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 524. Modification of notice and wait requirements for change in 
           ground combat exclusion policy for female members of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 525. Role of Secretary of Defense in development of gender-neutral 
           occupational standards.
Sec. 526. Establishment of process by which members of the Armed Forces 
           may carry an appropriate firearm on a military installation.
Sec. 527. Establishment of breastfeeding policy for the Department of 
           the Army.
Sec. 528. Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the members of 
           the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

Sec. 531. Enforcement of certain crime victim rights by the Court of 
           Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 532. Department of Defense civilian employee access to Special 
           Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 533. Authority of Special Victims' Counsel to provide legal 
           consultation and assistance in connection with various 
           Government proceedings.
Sec. 534. Timely notification to victims of sex-related offenses of the 
           availability of assistance from Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 535. Additional improvements to Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 536. Enhancement of confidentiality of restricted reporting of 
           sexual assault in the military.
Sec. 537. Modification of deadline for establishment of Defense Advisory 
           Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of 
           Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Improved Department of Defense prevention and response to 
           sexual assaults in which the victim is a male member of the 
           Armed Forces.

[[Page 129 STAT. 730]]

Sec. 539. Preventing retaliation against members of the Armed Forces who 
           report or intervene on behalf of the victim of an alleged 
           sex-related offence.
Sec. 540. Sexual assault prevention and response training for 
           administrators and instructors of Senior Reserve Officers' 
           Training Corps.
Sec. 541. Retention of case notes in investigations of sex-related 
           offenses involving members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
           Marine Corps.
Sec. 542. Comptroller General of the United States reports on prevention 
           and response to sexual assault by the Army National Guard and 
           the Army Reserve.
Sec. 543. Improved implementation of changes to Uniform Code of Military 
           Justice.
Sec. 544. Modification of Rule 104 of the Rules for Courts-Martial to 
           establish certain prohibitions concerning evaluations of 
           Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 545. Modification of Rule 304 of the Military Rules of Evidence 
           relating to the corroboration of a confession or admission.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Enhancements to Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.
Sec. 552. Availability of preseparation counseling for members of the 
           Armed Forces discharged or released after limited active 
           duty.
Sec. 553. Availability of additional training opportunities under 
           Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 554. Modification of requirement for in-resident instruction for 
           courses of instruction offered as part of Phase II joint 
           professional military education.
Sec. 555. Termination of program of educational assistance for reserve 
           component members supporting contingency operations and other 
           operations.
Sec. 556. Appointments to military service academies from nominations 
           made by Delegates in Congress from the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
           American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
           Islands.
Sec. 557. Support for athletic programs of the United States Military 
           Academy.
Sec. 558. Condition on admission of defense industry civilians to attend 
           the United States Air Force Institute of Technology.
Sec. 559. Quality assurance of certification programs and standards for 
           professional credentials obtained by members of the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 560. Prohibition on receipt of unemployment insurance while 
           receiving post-9/11 education assistance.
Sec. 561. Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee.
Sec. 562. Recognition of additional involuntary mobilization duty 
           authorities exempt from five-year limit on reemployment 
           rights of persons who serve in the uniformed services.
Sec. 563. Expansion of outreach for veterans transitioning from serving 
           on active duty.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
           that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
           Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 573. Authority to use appropriated funds to support Department of 
           Defense student meal programs in domestic dependent 
           elementary and secondary schools located outside the United 
           States.
Sec. 574. Family support programs for immediate family members of 
           members of the Armed Forces assigned to special operations 
           forces.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Authorization for award of the Distinguished-Service Cross for 
           acts of extraordinary heroism during the Korean War.

           Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Coordination with non-government suicide prevention 
           organizations and agencies to assist in reducing suicides by 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 592. Extension of semiannual reports on the involuntary separation 
           of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 593. Report on preliminary mental health screenings for individuals 
           becoming members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 594. Report regarding new rulemaking under the Military Lending Act 
           and Defense Manpower Data Center reports and meetings.
Sec. 595. Remotely piloted aircraft career field manning shortfalls.

[[Page 129 STAT. 731]]

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. No fiscal year 2016 increase in military basic pay for general 
           and flag officers.
Sec. 602. Limitation on eligibility for supplemental subsistence 
           allowances to members serving outside the United States and 
           associated territory.
Sec. 603. Phased-in modification of percentage of national average 
           monthly cost of housing usable in computation of basic 
           allowance for housing inside the United States.
Sec. 604. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
           of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 605. Availability of information under the Food and Nutrition Act 
           of 2008.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
           authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
           authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
           nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
           consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
           authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
           title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum annual amount of nuclear officer bonus 
           pay.
Sec. 617. Modification to special aviation incentive pay and bonus 
           authorities for officers.
Sec. 618. Repeal of obsolete authority to pay bonus to encourage Army 
           personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Transportation to transfer ceremonies for family and next of 
           kin of members of the Armed Forces who die overseas during 
           humanitarian operations.
Sec. 622. Repeal of obsolete special travel and transportation allowance 
           for survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces from 
           the Vietnam conflict.
Sec. 623. Study and report on policy changes to the Joint Travel 
           Regulations.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       Part I--Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Modernized retirement system for members of the uniformed 
           services.
Sec. 632. Full participation for members of the uniformed services in 
           the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 633. Lump sum payments of certain retired pay.
Sec. 634. Continuation pay for full TSP members with 12 years of 
           service.
Sec. 635. Effective date and implementation.

                         Part II--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Death of former spouse beneficiaries and subsequent 
           remarriages under the Survivor Benefit Plan.

    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                         Benefits and Operations

Sec. 651. Plan to obtain budget-neutrality for the defense commissary 
           system and the military exchange system.
Sec. 652. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
           Commissary Surcharge, Non-appropriated Fund, and Privately-
           Financed Major Construction Program.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 661. Improvement of financial literacy and preparedness of members 
           of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 662. Recordation of obligations for installment payments of 
           incentive pays, allowances, and similar benefits when payment 
           is due.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Access to TRICARE Prime for certain beneficiaries.

[[Page 129 STAT. 732]]

Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing for the TRICARE pharmacy 
           benefits program.
Sec. 703. Expansion of continued health benefits coverage to include 
           discharged and released members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Access to health care under the TRICARE program for 
           beneficiaries of TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 705. Expansion of reimbursement for smoking cessation services for 
           certain TRICARE beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments caused by 
           administrative error under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 712. Publication of data on patient safety, quality of care, 
           satisfaction, and health outcome measures under the TRICARE 
           program.
Sec. 713. Expansion of evaluation of effectiveness of the TRICARE 
           program to include information on patient safety, quality of 
           care, and access to care at military medical treatment 
           facilities.
Sec. 714. Portability of health plans under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Joint uniform formulary for transition of care.
Sec. 716. Licensure of mental health professionals in TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Designation of certain non-Department mental health care 
           providers with knowledge relating to treatment of members of 
           the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive standards and access to contraception counseling 
           for members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Provision of transportation of dependent patients relating to 
           obstetrical anesthesia services.
Sec. 722. Extension of authority for DOD-VA Health Care Sharing 
           Incentive Fund.
Sec. 723. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
           Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
           Fund.
Sec. 724. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
           Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 725. Pilot program on urgent care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 726. Pilot program on incentive programs to improve health care 
           provided under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 727. Limitation on availability of funds for Department of Defense 
           Healthcare Management Systems Modernization.
Sec. 728. Submittal of information to Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
           relating to exposure to airborne hazards and open burn pits.
Sec. 729. Plan for development of procedures to measure data on mental 
           health care provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 730. Report on plans to improve experience with and eliminate 
           performance variability of health care provided by the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 731. Comptroller General study on gambling and problem gambling 
           behavior among members of the Armed Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Required review of acquisition-related functions of the Chiefs 
           of Staff of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 802. Role of Chiefs of Staff in the acquisition process.
Sec. 803. Expansion of rapid acquisition authority.
Sec. 804. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototyping and rapid 
           fielding.
Sec. 805. Use of alternative acquisition paths to acquire critical 
           national security capabilities.
Sec. 806. Secretary of Defense waiver of acquisition laws to acquire 
           vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 807. Acquisition authority of the Commander of United States Cyber 
           Command.
Sec. 808. Report on linking and streamlining requirements, acquisition, 
           and budget processes within Armed Forces.
Sec. 809. Advisory panel on streamlining and codifying acquisition 
           regulations.
Sec. 810. Review of time-based requirements process and budgeting and 
           acquisition systems.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Amendment relating to multiyear contract authority for 
           acquisition of property.

[[Page 129 STAT. 733]]

Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data and certification 
           requirements.
Sec. 813. Rights in technical data.
Sec. 814. Procurement of supplies for experimental purposes.
Sec. 815. Amendments to other transaction authority.
Sec. 816. Amendment to acquisition threshold for special emergency 
           procurement authority.
Sec. 817. Revision of method of rounding when making inflation 
           adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 821. Acquisition strategy required for each major defense 
           acquisition program, major automated information system, and 
           major system.
Sec. 822. Revision to requirements relating to risk management in 
           development of major defense acquisition programs and major 
           systems.
Sec. 823. Revision of Milestone A decision authority responsibilities 
           for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 824. Revision of Milestone B decision authority responsibilities 
           for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 825. Designation of milestone decision authority.
Sec. 826. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
           definition periods.
Sec. 827. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
           execution periods.
Sec. 828. Penalty for cost overruns.
Sec. 829. Streamlining of reporting requirements applicable to Assistant 
           Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering regarding 
           major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 830. Configuration Steering Boards for cost control under major 
           defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Repeal of requirement for stand-alone manpower estimates for 
           major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Revision to duties of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
           Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and the Deputy 
           Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Amendments to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
           Development Fund.
Sec. 842. Dual-track military professionals in operational and 
           acquisition specialities.
Sec. 843. Provision of joint duty assignment credit for acquisition 
           duty.
Sec. 844. Mandatory requirement for training related to the conduct of 
           market research.
Sec. 845. Independent study of implementation of defense acquisition 
           workforce improvement efforts.
Sec. 846. Extension of authority for the civilian acquisition workforce 
           personnel demonstration project.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 851. Procurement of commercial items.
Sec. 852. Modification to information required to be submitted by 
           offeror in procurement of major weapon systems as commercial 
           items.
Sec. 853. Use of recent prices paid by the Government in the 
           determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 854. Report on defense-unique laws applicable to the procurement of 
           commercial items and commercially available off-the-shelf 
           items.
Sec. 855. Market research and preference for commercial items.
Sec. 856. Limitation on conversion of procurements from commercial 
           acquisition procedures.
Sec. 857. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
           defense contractors as commercial items.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 861. Amendment to Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 862. Amendments to data quality improvement plan.
Sec. 863. Notice of contract consolidation for acquisition strategies.
Sec. 864. Clarification of requirements related to small business 
           contracts for services.
Sec. 865. Certification requirements for Business Opportunity 
           Specialists, commercial market representatives, and 
           procurement center representatives.
Sec. 866. Modifications to requirements for qualified HUBZone small 
           business concerns located in a base closure area.

[[Page 129 STAT. 734]]

Sec. 867. Joint venturing and teaming.
Sec. 868. Modification to and scorecard program for small business 
           contracting goals.
Sec. 869. Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the 
           Small Business Administration; petitions for reconsideration 
           of size standards.
Sec. 870. Additional duties of the Director of Small and Disadvantaged 
           Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Including subcontracting goals in agency responsibilities.
Sec. 872. Reporting related to failure of contractors to meet goals 
           under negotiated comprehensive small business subcontracting 
           plans.
Sec. 873. Pilot program for streamlining awards for innovative 
           technology projects.
Sec. 874. Surety bond requirements and amount of guarantee.
Sec. 875. Review of Government access to intellectual property rights of 
           private sector firms.
Sec. 876. Inclusion in annual technology and industrial capability 
           assessments of a determination about defense acquisition 
           program requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Consideration of potential program cost increases and schedule 
           delays resulting from oversight of defense acquisition 
           programs.
Sec. 882. Examination and guidance relating to oversight and approval of 
           services contracts.
Sec. 883. Streamlining of requirements relating to defense business 
           systems.
Sec. 884. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 885. Amendments concerning detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
           electronic parts.
Sec. 886. Exception for AbilityOne products from authority to acquire 
           goods and services manufactured in Afghanistan, Central Asian 
           States, and Djibouti.
Sec. 887. Effective communication between government and industry.
Sec. 888. Standards for procurement of secure information technology and 
           cyber security systems.
Sec. 889. Unified information technology services.
Sec. 890. Cloud strategy for Department of Defense.
Sec. 891. Development period for Department of Defense information 
           technology systems.
Sec. 892. Revisions to pilot program on acquisition of military purpose 
           nondevelopmental items.
Sec. 893. Improved auditing of contracts.
Sec. 894. Sense of Congress on evaluation method for procurement of 
           audit or audit readiness services.
Sec. 895. Mitigating potential unfair competitive advantage of technical 
           advisors to acquisition programs.
Sec. 896. Survey on the costs of regulatory compliance.
Sec. 897. Treatment of interagency and State and local purchases when 
           the Department of Defense acts as contract intermediary for 
           the General Services Administration.
Sec. 898. Competition for religious services contracts.
Sec. 899. Pilot program regarding risk-based contracting for smaller 
           contract actions under the Truth in Negotiations Act.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 901. Update of statutory specification of functions of the Chairman 
           of the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force 
           development activities.
Sec. 902. Sense of Congress on the United States Marine Corps.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Accounting standards to value certain property, plant, and 
           equipment items.
Sec. 1003. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1004. Sense of Congress on sequestration.
Sec. 1005. Annual audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
           components by independent external auditors.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
           counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Extension and expansion of authority to provide additional 
           support for counter-drug activities of certain foreign 
           governments.

[[Page 129 STAT. 735]]

Sec. 1013. Sense of Congress on Central America.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Additional information supporting long-range plans for 
           construction of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1023. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
           certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
           Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Limitation on the use of funds for removal of ballistic 
           missile defense capabilities from Ticonderoga class cruisers.
Sec. 1026. Independent assessment of United States Combat Logistic Force 
           requirements.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
           individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
           in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
           United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
           certain countries of individuals detained at United States 
           Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Reenactment and modification of certain prior requirements 
           for certifications relating to transfer of detainees at 
           United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to foreign 
           countries and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1035. Comprehensive detention strategy.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
           closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Report on current detainees at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, determined or assessed to be high risk 
           or medium risk.
Sec. 1038. Reports to Congress on contact between terrorists and 
           individuals formerly detained at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1039. Inclusion in reports to Congress of information about 
           recidivism of individuals formerly detained at United States 
           Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1040. Report to Congress on terms of written agreements with 
           foreign countries regarding transfer of detainees at United 
           States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1041. Report on use of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
           Cuba, and other Department of Defense or Bureau of Prisons 
           prisons or detention or disciplinary facilities in 
           recruitment or other propaganda of terrorist organizations.
Sec. 1042. Permanent authority to provide rewards through government 
           personnel of allied forces and certain other modifications to 
           Department of Defense program to provide rewards.
Sec. 1043. Sunset on exception to congressional notification of 
           sensitive military operations.
Sec. 1044. Repeal of semiannual reports on obligation and expenditure of 
           funds for the combating terrorism program.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on interrogation techniques.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Department of Defense excess property program.
Sec. 1052. Sale or donation of excess personal property for border 
           security activities.
Sec. 1053. Management of military technicians.
Sec. 1054. Limitation on transfer of certain AH-64 Apache helicopters 
           from Army National Guard to regular Army and related 
           personnel levels.
Sec. 1055. Authority to provide training and support to personnel of 
           foreign ministries of defense.
Sec. 1056. Information operations and engagement technology 
           demonstrations.
Sec. 1057. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of Helicopter Sea 
           Combat Squadron 84 and 85 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
           certain landmines and report on department of defense policy 
           and inventory of anti-personnel landmine munitions.
Sec. 1059. Department of Defense authority to provide assistance to 
           secure the southern land border of the United States.

[[Page 129 STAT. 736]]

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1060. Provision of defense planning guidance and contingency 
           planning guidance information to Congress.
Sec. 1061. Expedited meetings of the National Commission on the Future 
           of the Army.
Sec. 1062. Modification of certain reports submitted by Comptroller 
           General of the United States.
Sec. 1063. Report on implementation of the geographically distributed 
           force laydown in the area of responsibility of United States 
           Pacific Command.
Sec. 1064. Independent study of national security strategy formulation 
           process.
Sec. 1065. Report on the status of detection, identification, and 
           disablement capabilities related to remotely piloted 
           aircraft.
Sec. 1066. Report on options to accelerate the training of pilots of 
           remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1067. Studies of fleet platform architectures for the Navy.
Sec. 1068. Report on strategy to protect United States national security 
           interests in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1069. Comptroller General briefing and report on major medical 
           facility projects of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1070. Submittal to Congress of munitions assessments.
Sec. 1071. Potential role for United States ground forces in the Western 
           Pacific theater.
Sec. 1072. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
           military personnel issues.
Sec. 1073. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements relating to 
           readiness.
Sec. 1074. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to naval 
           vessels and Merchant Marine.
Sec. 1075. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
           civilian personnel.
Sec. 1076. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
           nuclear proliferation and related matters.
Sec. 1077. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
           acquisition.
Sec. 1078. Repeal or revision of miscellaneous reporting requirements.
Sec. 1079. Repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 1080. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
           reports required of Department of Defense by statute.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Situations involving bombings of places of public use, 
           Government facilities, public transportation systems, and 
           infrastructure facilities.
Sec. 1083. Executive agent for the oversight and management of 
           alternative compensatory control measures.
Sec. 1084. Navy support of Ocean Research Advisory Panel.
Sec. 1085. Level of readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers.
Sec. 1086. Reform and improvement of personnel security, insider threat 
           detection and prevention, and physical security.
Sec. 1087. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
           of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1088. Modification of requirements for transferring aircraft within 
           the Air Force inventory.
Sec. 1089. Reestablishment of Commission to Assess the Threat to the 
           United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack.
Sec. 1090. Mine countermeasures master plan and report.
Sec. 1091. Congressional notification and briefing requirement on 
           ordered evacuations of United States embassies and consulates 
           involving support provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1092. Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator.
Sec. 1093. Sense of Congress on the inadvertent transfer of anthrax from 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1094. Modification of certain requirements applicable to major 
           medical facility lease for a Department of Veterans Affairs 
           outpatient clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Sec. 1095. Authorization of fiscal year 2015 major medical facility 
           projects of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1096. Designation of construction agent for certain construction 
           projects by Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1097. Department of Defense strategy for countering unconventional 
           warfare.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Procedures for reduction in force of Department of Defense 
           civilian personnel.

[[Page 129 STAT. 737]]

Sec. 1102. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
           allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
           official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1103. Extension of rate of overtime pay for Department of the Navy 
           employees performing work aboard or dockside in support of 
           the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in 
           Japan.
Sec. 1104. Modification to temporary authorities for certain positions 
           at Department of Defense research and engineering facilities.
Sec. 1105. Required probationary period for new employees of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 1106. Delay of periodic step increase for civilian employees of the 
           Department of Defense based upon unacceptable performance.
Sec. 1107. United States Cyber Command workforce.
Sec. 1108. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
           premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
           civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1109. Pilot program on dynamic shaping of the workforce to improve 
           the technical skills and expertise at certain Department of 
           Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1110. Pilot program on temporary exchange of financial management 
           and acquisition personnel.
Sec. 1111. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain 
           acquisition and technology positions in the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 1112. Pilot program on direct hire authority for veteran technical 
           experts into the defense acquisition workforce.
Sec. 1113. Direct hire authority for technical experts into the defense 
           acquisition workforce.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition forces 
           supporting certain United States military operations.
Sec. 1202. Strategic framework for Department of Defense security 
           cooperation.
Sec. 1203. Redesignation, modification, and extension of National Guard 
           State Partnership Program.
Sec. 1204. Extension of authority for non-reciprocal exchanges of 
           defense personnel between the United States and foreign 
           countries.
Sec. 1205. Monitoring and evaluation of overseas humanitarian, disaster, 
           and civic aid programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1206. One-year extension of funding limitations for authority to 
           build the capacity of foreign security forces.
Sec. 1207. Authority to provide support to national military forces of 
           allied countries for counterterrorism operations in Africa.
Sec. 1208. Reports on training of foreign military intelligence units 
           provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1209. Prohibition on security assistance to entities in Yemen 
           controlled by the Houthi movement.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
           Program.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
           certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
           States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Additional matter in semiannual report on enhancing security 
           and stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
           produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
           Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
           provide defense services to the military and security forces 
           of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Modification of protection for Afghan allies.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria and Iraq

Sec. 1221. Extension of authority to support operations and activities 
           of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1222. Strategy for the Middle East and to counter violent 
           extremism.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to provide assistance to counter 
           the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
Sec. 1224. Reports on United States Armed Forces deployed in support of 
           Operation Inherent Resolve.
Sec. 1225. Matters relating to support for the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1226. Support to the Government of Jordan and the Government of 
           Lebanon for border security operations.

[[Page 129 STAT. 738]]

Sec. 1227. Sense of Congress on the security and protection of Iranian 
           dissidents living in Camp Liberty, Iraq.

                  Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Iran

Sec. 1231. Modification and extension of annual report on the military 
           power of Iran.
Sec. 1232. Sense of Congress on the Government of Iran's malign 
           activities.
Sec. 1233. Report on military-to-military engagements with Iran.
Sec. 1234. Security guarantees to countries in the Middle East.
Sec. 1235. Rule of construction.

         Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1241. Notifications relating to testing, production, deployment, 
           and sale or transfer to other states or non-state actors of 
           the Club-K cruise missile system by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1242. Notifications of deployment of nuclear weapons by Russian 
           Federation to territory of Ukraine or Russian territory of 
           Kaliningrad.
Sec. 1243. Measures in response to non-compliance by the Russian 
           Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1244. Modification of notification and assessment of proposal to 
           modify or introduce new aircraft or sensors for flight by the 
           Russian Federation under the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1245. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
           of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1246. Limitation on military cooperation between the United States 
           and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1247. Report on implementation of the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1248. Additional matters in annual report on military and security 
           developments involving the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1249. Report on alternative capabilities to procure and sustain 
           nonstandard rotary wing aircraft historically procured 
           through Rosoboronexport.
Sec. 1250. Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
Sec. 1251. Training for Eastern European national military forces in the 
           course of multilateral exercises.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Asia-Pacific Region

Sec. 1261. Strategy to promote United States interests in the Indo-Asia-
           Pacific region.
Sec. 1262. Requirement to submit Department of Defense policy regarding 
           foreign disclosure or technology release of Aegis Ashore 
           capability to Japan.
Sec. 1263. South China Sea Initiative.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Two-year extension and modification of authorization for non-
           conventional assisted recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1272. Amendment to the annual report under Arms Control and 
           Disarmament Act.
Sec. 1273. Extension of authorization to conduct activities to enhance 
           the capability of foreign countries to respond to incidents 
           involving weapons of mass destruction.
Sec. 1274. Modification of authority for support of special operations 
           to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1275. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
           Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1276. Report on the security relationship between the United States 
           and the Republic of Cyprus.
Sec. 1277. Sense of Congress on European defense and the North Atlantic 
           Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1278. Briefing on the sale of certain fighter aircraft to Qatar.
Sec. 1279. United States-Israel anti-tunnel cooperation.
Sec. 1280. NATO Special Operations Headquarters.
Sec. 1281. Increased presence of United States ground forces in Eastern 
           Europe to deter aggression on the border of the North 
           Atlantic Treaty Organization.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.

[[Page 129 STAT. 739]]

Sec. 1402. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1403. Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.
Sec. 1404. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1405. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1406. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1407. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411. Extension of date for completion of destruction of existing 
           stockpile of lethal chemical agents and munitions.

                    Subtitle C--Working-Capital Funds

Sec. 1421. Limitation on cessation or suspension of distribution of 
           funds from Department of Defense working-capital funds.
Sec. 1422. Working-capital fund reserve account for petroleum market 
           price fluctuations.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 1431. Authority for transfer of funds to Joint Department of 
           Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
           Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
           Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1432. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
           Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
           appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health program.
Sec. 1510. Counterterrorism Partnerships Fund.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1521. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1522. Special transfer authority.

           Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1531. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1532. Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1533. Availability of Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund 
           for training of foreign security forces to defeat improvised 
           explosive devices.
Sec. 1534. Comptroller General report on use of certain funds provided 
           for operation and maintenance.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Major force program and budget for national security space 
           programs.
Sec. 1602. Principal advisor on space control.
Sec. 1603. Council on Oversight of the Department of Defense 
           Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Enterprise.
Sec. 1604. Modification to development of space science and technology 
           strategy.
Sec. 1605. Delegation of authority regarding purchase of Global 
           Positioning System user equipment.
Sec. 1606. Rocket propulsion system development program.
Sec. 1607. Exception to the prohibition on contracting with Russian 
           suppliers of rocket engines for the evolved expendable launch 
           vehicle program.
Sec. 1608. Acquisition strategy for evolved expendable launch vehicle 
           program.
Sec. 1609. Allocation of funding for evolved expendable launch vehicle 
           program.
Sec. 1610. Consolidation of acquisition of wideband satellite 
           communications.
Sec. 1611. Analysis of alternatives for wide-band communications.
Sec. 1612. Expansion of goals and modification of pilot program for 
           acquisition of commercial satellite communication services.
Sec. 1613. Integrated policy to deter adversaries in space.

[[Page 129 STAT. 740]]

Sec. 1614. Prohibition on reliance on China and Russia for space-based 
           weather data.
Sec. 1615. Limitation on availability of funds for weather satellite 
           follow-on system.
Sec. 1616. Limitations on availability of funds for the Defense 
           Meteorological Satellite program.
Sec. 1617. Streamline of commercial space launch activities.
Sec. 1618. Plan on full integration and exploitation of overhead 
           persistent infrared capability.
Sec. 1619. Options for rapid space reconstitution.
Sec. 1620. Evaluation of exploitation of space-based infrared system 
           against additional threats.
Sec. 1621. Quarterly reports on Global Positioning System III space 
           segment, Global Positioning System operational control 
           segment, and Military Global Positioning System user 
           equipment acquisition programs.
Sec. 1622. Sense of Congress on missile defense sensors in space.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1631. Executive agent for open-source intelligence tools.
Sec. 1632. Waiver and congressional notification requirements related to 
           facilities for intelligence collection or for special 
           operations abroad.
Sec. 1633. Prohibition on National Intelligence Program consolidation.
Sec. 1634. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the Under 
           Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
Sec. 1635. Department of Defense intelligence needs.
Sec. 1636. Report on management of certain programs of Defense 
           intelligence elements.
Sec. 1637. Report on Air National Guard contributions to the RQ-4 Global 
           Hawk mission.
Sec. 1638. Government Accountability Office review of intelligence input 
           to the defense acquisition process.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1641. Codification and addition of liability protections relating 
           to reporting on cyber incidents or penetrations of networks 
           and information systems of certain contractors.
Sec. 1642. Authorization of military cyber operations.
Sec. 1643. Limitation on availability of funds pending the submission of 
           integrated policy to deter adversaries in cyberspace.
Sec. 1644. Authorization for procurement of relocatable Sensitive 
           Compartmented Information Facility.
Sec. 1645. Designation of military department entity responsible for 
           acquisition of critical cyber capabilities.
Sec. 1646. Assessment of capabilities of United States Cyber Command to 
           defend the United States from cyber attacks.
Sec. 1647. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
           of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1648. Comprehensive plan and biennial exercises on responding to 
           cyber attacks.
Sec. 1649. Sense of Congress on reviewing and considering findings and 
           recommendations of Council of Governors on cyber capabilities 
           of the Armed Forces.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1651. Assessment of threats to National Leadership Command, 
           Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1652. Organization of nuclear deterrence functions of the Air 
           Force.
Sec. 1653. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
           ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1654. Prohibition on availability of funds for de-alerting 
           intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1655. Assessment of global nuclear environment.
Sec. 1656. Annual briefing on the costs of forward-deploying nuclear 
           weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1657. Report on the number of planned long-range standoff weapons.
Sec. 1658. Review of Comptroller General of the United States on 
           recommendations relating to nuclear enterprise of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 1659. Sense of Congress on organization of Navy for nuclear 
           deterrence mission.
Sec. 1660. Sense of Congress on the nuclear force improvement program of 
           the Air Force.
Sec. 1661. Senses of Congress on importance of cooperation and 
           collaboration between United States and United Kingdom on 
           nuclear issues and on 60th anniversary of Fleet Ballistic 
           Missile Program.

[[Page 129 STAT. 741]]

Sec. 1662. Sense of Congress on plan for implementation of Nuclear 
           Enterprise Reviews.
Sec. 1663. Sense of Congress and report on milestone A decision on long-
           range standoff weapon.
Sec. 1664. Sense of Congress on policy on the nuclear triad.
Sec. 1665. Report relating to the costs associated with extending the 
           life of the Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missile.

         Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs and Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Prohibitions on providing certain missile defense information 
           to Russian Federation.
Sec. 1672. Prohibition on integration of missile defense systems of 
           Russian Federation into missile defense systems of United 
           States.
Sec. 1673. Prohibition on integration of missile defense systems of 
           China into missile defense systems of United States.
Sec. 1674. Limitations on availability of funds for Patriot lower tier 
           air and missile defense capability of the Army.
Sec. 1675. Integration and interoperability of air and missile defense 
           capabilities of the United States.
Sec. 1676. Integration and interoperability of allied missile defense 
           capabilities.
Sec. 1677. Missile defense capability in Europe.
Sec. 1678. Availability of funds for Iron Dome short-range rocket 
           defense system.
Sec. 1679. Israeli cooperative missile defense program codevelopment and 
           coproduction.
Sec. 1680. Boost phase defense system.
Sec. 1681. Development and deployment of multiple-object kill vehicle 
           for missile defense of the United States homeland.
Sec. 1682. Requirement to replace capability enhancement I 
           exoatmospheric kill vehicles.
Sec. 1683. Designation of preferred location of additional missile 
           defense site in the United States and plan for expediting 
           deployment time of such site.
Sec. 1684. Additional missile defense sensor coverage for protection of 
           United States homeland.
Sec. 1685. Concept development of space-based missile defense layer.
Sec. 1686. Aegis Ashore capability development.
Sec. 1687. Development of requirements to support integrated air and 
           missile defense capabilities.
Sec. 1688. Extension of requirement for Comptroller General of the 
           United States review and assessment of missile defense 
           acquisition programs.
Sec. 1689. Report on medium range ballistic missile defense sensor 
           alternatives for enhanced defense of Hawaii.
Sec. 1690. Sense of Congress and report on validated military 
           requirement and Milestone A decision on prompt global strike 
           weapon system.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
           specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2013 project.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
           projects.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
           projects.
Sec. 2108. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2016 
           project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
           projects.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
           projects.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
           projects.

[[Page 129 STAT. 742]]

Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2010 project.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2014 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2015 project.
Sec. 2308. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2012 
           project.
Sec. 2309. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2013 
           project.
Sec. 2310. Certification of optimal location for Joint Intelligence 
           Analysis Complex and plan for rotation of forces at Lajes 
           Field, Azores.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2012 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
           projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
           projects.
Sec. 2407. Modification and extension of authority to carry out certain 
           fiscal year 2014 project.
Sec. 2408. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2015 project.

   TITLE XXV--NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION SECURITY INVESTMENT 
                                 PROGRAM

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
           and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification and extension of authority to carry out certain 
           fiscal year 2013 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2015 projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2012 
           projects.
Sec. 2614. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2013 
           projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
           closure activities funded through Department of Defense base 
           closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional Base Realignment and 
           Closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing 
                                 Changes

Sec. 2801. Revision of congressional notification thresholds for reserve 
           facility expenditures and contributions to reflect 
           congressional notification thresholds for minor construction 
           and repair projects.
Sec. 2802. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
           and maintenance funds for construction projects outside the 
           United States.
Sec. 2803. Defense laboratory modernization pilot program.
Sec. 2804. Temporary authority for acceptance and use of contributions 
           for certain construction, maintenance, and repair projects 
           mutually beneficial to the Department of Defense and Kuwait 
           military forces.
Sec. 2805. Conveyance to Indian tribes of relocatable military housing 
           units at military installations in the United States.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Protection of Department of Defense installations.

[[Page 129 STAT. 743]]

Sec. 2812. Enhancement of authority to accept conditional gifts of real 
           property on behalf of military service academies.
Sec. 2813. Utility system conveyance authority.
Sec. 2814. Leasing of non-excess property of military departments and 
           Defense Agencies; treatment of value provided by local 
           education agencies and elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 2815. Force-structure plan and infrastructure inventory and 
           assessment of infrastructure necessary to support the force 
           structure.
Sec. 2816. Temporary reporting requirements related to main operating 
           bases, forward operating sites, and cooperative security 
           locations.
Sec. 2817. Exemption of Army off-site use and off-site removal only non-
           mobile properties from certain excess property disposal 
           requirements.

   Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Asia-Pacific Military Realignment

Sec. 2821. Limited exception to restriction on development of public 
           infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine Corps 
           forces in Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 2822. Annual report on Government of Japan contributions toward 
           realignment of Marine Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Release of reversionary interest retained as part of 
           conveyance to the Economic Development Alliance of Jefferson 
           County, Arkansas.
Sec. 2832. Land exchange authority, Mare Island Army Reserve Center, 
           Vallejo, California.
Sec. 2833. Land exchange, Navy Outlying Landing Field, Naval Air 
           Station, Whiting Field, Florida.
Sec. 2834. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
           land conveyance, Camp Villere, Louisiana.
Sec. 2835. Release of property interests retained in connection with 
           land conveyance, Fort Bliss Military Reservation, Texas.

                  Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Additional withdrawal and reservation of public land, Naval 
           Air Weapons Station China Lake, California.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2851. Modification of Department of Defense guidance on use of 
           airfield pavement markings.
Sec. 2852. Extension of authority for establishment of commemorative 
           work in honor of Brigadier General Francis Marion.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

          Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Improvement to accountability of Department of Energy 
           employees and projects.
Sec. 3112. Stockpile responsiveness program.
Sec. 3113. Notification of cost overruns and Selected Acquisition 
           Reports for major alteration projects.
Sec. 3114. Root cause analyses for certain cost overruns.
Sec. 3115. Funding of laboratory-directed research and development 
           programs.
Sec. 3116. Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant contract 
           oversight.
Sec. 3117. Use of best practices for capital asset projects and nuclear 
           weapon life extension programs.
Sec. 3118. Research and development of advanced naval nuclear fuel 
           system based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3119. Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium.
Sec. 3120. Establishment of microlab pilot program.
Sec. 3121. Prohibition on availability of funds for provision of defense 
           nuclear nonproliferation assistance to Russian Federation.

[[Page 129 STAT. 744]]

Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for new fixed site 
           radiological portal monitors in foreign countries.
Sec. 3123. Limitation on availability of funds for certain arms control 
           and nonproliferation technologies.
Sec. 3124. Limitation on availability of funds for nuclear weapons 
           dismantlement.

                      Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Long-term plan for meeting national security requirements for 
           unencumbered uranium.
Sec. 3132. Defense nuclear nonproliferation management plan and reports.
Sec. 3133. Plan for deactivation and decommissioning of nonoperational 
           defense nuclear facilities.
Sec. 3134. Assessment of emergency preparedness of defense nuclear 
           facilities.
Sec. 3135. Modifications to cost-benefit analyses for competition of 
           management and operating contracts.
Sec. 3136. Interagency review of applications for the transfer of United 
           States civil nuclear technology.
Sec. 3137. Governance and management of nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3138. Annual report on number of full-time equivalent employees and 
           contractor employees.
Sec. 3139. Development of strategy on risks to nonproliferation caused 
           by additive manufacturing.
Sec. 3140. Plutonium pit production capacity.
Sec. 3141. Assessments on nuclear proliferation risks and nuclear 
           nonproliferation opportunities.
Sec. 3142. Analysis of alternatives for Mobile Guardian Transporter 
           program.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Administration of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                   TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Sense of Congress regarding Maritime Security Fleet program.
Sec. 3503. Update of references to the Secretary of Transportation 
           regarding unemployment insurance and vessel operators.
Sec. 3504. Payment for Maritime Security Fleet vessels.
Sec. 3505. Melville Hall of United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3506. Cadet commitment agreements.
Sec. 3507. Student incentive payment agreements.
Sec. 3508. Short sea transportation defined.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.
Sec. 4002. Clarification of applicability of undistributed reductions of 
           certain operation and maintenance funding among all operation 
           and maintenance funding.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
           contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
           operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance base requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.

[[Page 129 STAT. 745]]

Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. MILITARY CONSTRUCTION.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

SEC. 3. <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 note.>> CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE 
                    COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United States 
Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report or 
amendment between the Houses.
SEC. 5. EXPLANATORY STATEMENT.

    The explanatory statement regarding this Act, printed in the House 
section of the Congressional Record on or about November 5, 2015, by the 
Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services of 
the Senate, shall have the same effect with respect to the 
implementation of this Act as if it were a joint explanatory statement 
of a committee of conference.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Prioritization of upgraded UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters within 
           Army National Guard.
Sec. 112. Roadmap for replacement of A/MH-6 Mission Enhanced Little Bird 
           aircraft to meet special operations requirements.
Sec. 113. Report on options to accelerate replacement of UH-60A 
           Blackhawk helicopters of Army National Guard.
Sec. 114. Sense of Congress on tactical wheeled vehicle protection kits.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of CVN-78 class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Amendment to cost limitation baseline for CVN-78 class 
           aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 123. Extension and modification of limitation on availability of 
           funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 124. Modification to multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh 
           Burke class destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 125. Procurement of additional Arleigh Burke class destroyer.
Sec. 126. Refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. George 
           Washington.
Sec. 127. Fleet Replenishment Oiler Program.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. John F. Kennedy 
           (CVN-79).

[[Page 129 STAT. 746]]

Sec. 129. Limitation on availability of funds for U.S.S. Enterprise 
           (CVN-80).
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for Littoral Combat Ship.
Sec. 131. Reporting requirement for Ohio-class replacement submarine 
           program.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Backup inventory status of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 142. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of A-10 
           aircraft.
Sec. 143. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of EC-130H 
           Compass Call aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of Joint 
           Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, EC-130H Compass 
           Call, and Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35A aircraft 
           procurement.
Sec. 146. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of KC-10 
           aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for transfer of C-130 
           aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for executive 
           communications upgrades for C-20 and C-37 aircraft.
Sec. 149. Limitation on availability of funds for T-1A Jayhawk aircraft.
Sec. 150. Notification of retirement of B-1, B-2, and B-52 bomber 
           aircraft.
Sec. 151. Inventory requirement for fighter aircraft of the Air Force.
Sec. 152. Sense of Congress regarding the OCONUS basing of F-35A 
           aircraft.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Battle Command-
           Platform.
Sec. 162. Report on Army and Marine Corps modernization plan for small 
           arms.
Sec. 163. Study on use of different types of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition 
           by the Army and the Marine Corps.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4101.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. PRIORITIZATION OF UPGRADED UH-60 BLACKHAWK HELICOPTERS 
                        WITHIN ARMY NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Prioritization of Upgrades.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau shall issue guidance regarding the fielding of upgraded UH-60 
Blackhawk helicopters to units of the Army National Guard. Such guidance 
shall prioritize for such fielding the units of the Army National Guard 
with assigned UH-60 helicopters that have the most flight hours and the 
highest annual usage rates within the UH-60 fleet of the Army National 
Guard, consistent with the force generation unit readiness requirements 
of the Army.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau issues the guidance under subsection 
(a), the Chief shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report that details such guidance.
SEC. 112. ROADMAP FOR REPLACEMENT OF A/MH-6 MISSION ENHANCED 
                        LITTLE BIRD AIRCRAFT TO MEET SPECIAL 
                        OPERATIONS REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Roadmap.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to

[[Page 129 STAT. 747]]

the congressional defense committees a roadmap for replacing A/MH-6 
Mission Enhanced Little Bird aircraft to meet the rotary-wing, light 
attack, reconnaissance requirements particular to special operations.
    (b) Elements.--The roadmap under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) An updated schedule and display of programmed A/MH-6 
        Block 3.0 modernization and upgrades, showing usable life of the 
        fleet, and the anticipated service life extensions of all A/MH-6 
        platforms.
            (2) A description of current and anticipated rotary-wing, 
        light attack, reconnaissance requirements and platforms 
        particular to special operations, including key performance 
        parameters of anticipated platforms.
            (3) The feasibility of service-common platforms satisfying 
        future rotary-wing, light attack, reconnaissance requirements 
        particular to special operations.
            (4) The feasibility of commercially available platforms 
        satisfying future rotary-wing, light attack, reconnaissance 
        requirements particular to special operations.
            (5) The anticipated funding requirements for the special 
        operation forces major force program for the development and 
        procurement of an A/MH-6 replacement platform if the service-
        common platforms described in paragraph (3) are not available or 
        if commercially available platforms described in paragraph (4) 
        are leveraged.
            (6) A description of efforts as of the date of the roadmap 
        to coordinate with the military departments on a service-common 
        platform to satisfy replacement platform requirements.
            (7) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 113. REPORT ON OPTIONS TO ACCELERATE REPLACEMENT OF UH-60A 
                        BLACKHAWK HELICOPTERS OF ARMY NATIONAL 
                        GUARD.

    Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of the Army shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report containing detailed 
options for the potential acceleration of the replacement of all UH-60A 
helicopters of the Army National Guard by not later than September 30, 
2020. The report shall include the following:
            (1) The additional funding and quantities required, listed 
        by each of fiscal years 2017 through 2020, for H-60M production, 
        UH-60A-to-L RECAP, and UH-60L-to-V RECAP that is necessary to 
        achieve such replacement of all UH-60A helicopters by September 
        30, 2020.
            (2) Any industrial base limitations that may affect such 
        acceleration, including with respect to the production schedules 
        for the other variants of the UH-60 helicopter.
            (3) The potential effects of such acceleration on the 
        planned replacement of all UH-60A helicopters of the regular 
        components of the Armed Forces by September 30, 2025.
            (4) Identification of any additional funding or resources 
        required to train members of the National Guard to operate and 
        maintain UH-60M aircraft in order to achieve such replacement of 
        all UH-60A helicopters by September 30, 2020.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.

[[Page 129 STAT. 748]]

SEC. 114. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON TACTICAL WHEELED VEHICLE PROTECTION 
                        KITS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) members of the Army face an increasingly complex and 
        evolving threat environment that requires advanced and effective 
        technology to protect soldiers while allowing the soldiers to 
        effectively carry out the mission of the Army;
            (2) the heavy tactical vehicle protection kits program 
        provides the Army with improved and necessary ballistic 
        protection for the heavy tactical vehicle fleet;
            (3) a secure heavy tactical vehicle fleet provides the Army 
        with greater logistical tractability and offers soldiers the 
        necessary flexibility to tailor armor levels based on threat 
        levels and mission requirements; and
            (4) as Congress provides for a modern and secure Army, it is 
        necessary to provide the appropriate funding levels to meet the 
        tactical wheeled vehicle protection kits acquisition objectives 
        of the Army.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF CVN-78 CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROGRAM.

    (a) Reports on Design and Engineering Changes.--Subsection (f) of 
section 122 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2104), as added by 
section 121(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 692), is amended by adding at the end 
the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) CVN-78 class aircraft carriers change orders.--
                    ``(A) As part of each report required under 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary shall include a description 
                of new design and engineering changes to CVN-78 class 
                aircraft carriers if applicable.
                    ``(B) The additional reporting requirement in 
                subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect to CVN-78 
                class aircraft carriers in each reporting period--
                          ``(i) any design or engineering change with an 
                      associated cost greater than $5,000,000;
                          ``(ii) any program or ship cost increases for 
                      each design or engineering change identified in 
                      subparagraph (A); and
                          ``(iii) any cost reduction achieved.
                    ``(C) The Secretary and the Chief of Naval 
                Operations, without delegation, shall jointly certify 
                the design and engineering changes included in each 
                report under paragraph (1), as required by subparagraph 
                (A) of this paragraph. Each certification shall include 
                a determination that each such change--
                          ``(i) serves the national security interests 
                      of the United States; and
                          ``(ii) cannot be deferred to a future ship 
                      because of operational necessity, safety, or 
                      substantial cost reduction that still meets 
                      threshold requirements.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 749]]

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Such subsection is further amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting the following new 
        heading: ``Requirements for CVN-78 Class Aircraft Carriers''; 
        and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking the heading and inserting 
        the following new heading: ``CVN-79 quarterly cost estimate''.
SEC. 122. AMENDMENT TO COST LIMITATION BASELINE FOR CVN-78 CLASS 
                        AIRCRAFT CARRIER PROGRAM.

    (a) Cost Limitation.--Section 122(a)(2) of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
Stat. 2104), as amended by section 121(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 
691), is further amended by striking ``$11,498,000,000'' and inserting 
``$11,398,000,000''.
    (b) Factor for Adjustment.--Subsection (b) of such section 122, as 
amended by section 121(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2014, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(8) With respect to the aircraft carrier designated as 
        CVN-79, the amounts of increases not exceeding $100,000,000 if 
        the Chief of Naval Operations determines that achieving the 
        amount set forth in subsection (a)(2) (as amended by section 
        122(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2016) would result in unacceptable reductions to the operational 
        capability of the ship.''.
SEC. 123. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY 
                        OF FUNDS FOR LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP.

    Section 124(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 693), as amended by section 123 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 
3314), is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``this Act, the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
        `Buck' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2015, or otherwise made available for fiscal years 2014 or 
        2015'' and inserting ``this Act, the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016, or otherwise made 
        available for fiscal years 2014, 2015, or 2016''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(6) A Littoral Combat Ship seaframe acquisition strategy 
        for the Littoral Combat Ships designated as LCS 25 through LCS 
        32, including upgrades to be installed on these ships that were 
        identified for the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship, which is 
        proposed to commence with LCS 33.
            ``(7) A Littoral Combat Ship mission module acquisition 
        strategy to reach the total acquisition quantity of each mission 
        module.
            ``(8) A cost and schedule plan to outfit Flight 0 and Flight 
        0+ Littoral Combat Ships with capabilities identified for the 
        upgraded Littoral Combat Ship.
            ``(9) A current Test and Evaluation Master Plan for the 
        Littoral Combat Ship Mission Modules, approved by the Director 
        of Operational Test and Evaluation, which includes the 
        performance levels expected to be demonstrated during

[[Page 129 STAT. 750]]

        developmental testing for each component and mission module 
        prior to commencing the associated operational test phase.''.
SEC. 124. MODIFICATION TO MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR 
                        ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS DESTROYERS AND 
                        ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS.

    Section 123(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1655) is amended by inserting 
``or Flight III'' after ``Flight IIA''.
SEC. 125. PROCUREMENT OF ADDITIONAL ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS DESTROYER.

    (a) Procurement Authority.--
            (1) Additional destroyer.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
        procure one Arleigh Burke class destroyer, in addition to any 
        other procurement of such ships otherwise authorized by law, to 
        be procured either--
                    (A) as an addition to the contract covering the 10 
                Arleigh Burke class destroyers authorized to be procured 
                under section 123 of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
                1655); or
                    (B) under a separate contract in fiscal year 2018.
            (2) Incremental funding.--The Secretary may employ 
        incremental funding for the procurement authorized under 
        paragraph (1).

    (b) Condition on Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2016 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such fiscal year.
SEC. 126. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAUL OF THE U.S.S. GEORGE 
                        WASHINGTON.

    (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. 
George Washington (CVN-73).
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to any contract 
entered into under subsection (a) for the nuclear refueling and complex 
overhaul of the U.S.S. George Washington, the Secretary may use 
incremental funding for a period not to exceed six years after advance 
procurement funds for such nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort 
are first obligated.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2016 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for that later fiscal year.
SEC. 127. FLEET REPLENISHMENT OILER PROGRAM.

    (a) Contract Authority.--The Secretary of the Navy may enter into 
one or more contracts to procure up to six Fleet Replenishment Oilers. 
Such procurements may also include advance procurement for economic 
order quantity and long lead time materials, beginning with the lead 
ship, commencing not earlier than fiscal year 2016.
    (b) Liability.--Any contract entered into under subsection (a) shall 
provide that any obligation of the United States to make

[[Page 129 STAT. 751]]

a payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose, and that total liability to the 
Government for termination of any contract entered into shall be limited 
to the total amount of funding obligated at the time of termination.
SEC. 128. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR U.S.S. JOHN F. 
                        KENNEDY (CVN-79).

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for procurement for 
the U.S.S. John F. Kennedy (CVN-79), $100,000,000 may not be obligated 
or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Navy submits to 
the congressional defense committees the certification under subsection 
(b)(1) or the notification under paragraph (2) of such subsection, as 
the case may be, and the reports under subsections (c) and (d).
    (b) Certification Regarding Full Ship Shock Trials.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided by paragraph (2), not 
        later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a certification that the Navy will conduct 
        full ship shock trials on the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) 
        prior to the first deployment of such ship.
            (2) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
        certification required under paragraph (1) if the Secretary 
        submits to the congressional defense committees a notification 
        of such waiver, including--
                    (A) the rationale of the Secretary for issuing such 
                waiver;
                    (B) a certification that the Secretary has analyzed 
                and accepts the operational risk of the U.S.S. Gerald R. 
                Ford deploying without having conducted full ship shock 
                trials; and
                    (C) a certification that full ship shock trials will 
                be completed on the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford after the 
                first deployment of such ship and prior to the first 
                major maintenance availability of such ship.

    (c) Report on Costs Relating to CVN-79 and CVN-80.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
        evaluates cost issues related to the U.S.S. John F. Kennedy 
        (CVN-79) and the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) Options to achieve ship end cost of no more than 
                $10,000,000,000.
                    (B) Options to freeze the design of CVN-79 for CVN-
                80, with exceptions only for changes due to full ship 
                shock trials or other significant test and evaluation 
                results.
                    (C) Options to reduce the plans cost for CVN-80 to 
                less than 50 percent of the CVN-79 plans cost.
                    (D) Options to transition all non-nuclear 
                Government-furnished equipment, including launch and 
                arresting equipment, to contractor-furnished equipment.
                    (E) Options to build the ships at the most economic 
                pace, such as four years between ships.

[[Page 129 STAT. 752]]

                    (F) A business case analysis for the Enterprise Air 
                Search Radar modification to CVN-79 and CVN-80.
                    (G) A business case analysis for the two-phase CVN-
                79 delivery proposal and impact on fleet deployments.

    (d) Report on Future Development.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Secretary 
        of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on potential requirements, capabilities, and 
        alternatives for the future development of aircraft carriers 
        that would replace or supplement the CVN-78 class aircraft 
        carrier.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) A description of fleet, sea-based tactical 
                aviation capability requirements for a range of 
                operational scenarios beginning in the 2025 timeframe.
                    (B) A description of alternative aircraft carrier 
                designs that meet the requirements described under 
                subparagraph (A).
                    (C) A description of nuclear and non-nuclear 
                propulsion options.
                    (D) A description of tonnage options ranging from 
                less than 20,000 tons to greater than 100,000 tons.
                    (E) Requirements for unmanned systems integration 
                from inception.
                    (F) Developmental, procurement, and lifecycle cost 
                assessment of alternatives.
                    (G) A notional acquisition strategy for the 
                development and construction of alternatives.
                    (H) A description of shipbuilding industrial base 
                considerations and a plan to ensure opportunity for 
                competition among alternatives.
                    (I) A description of funding and timing 
                considerations related to developing the Annual Long-
                Range Plan for Construction of Naval Vessels required 
                under section 231 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 129. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR U.S.S. 
                        ENTERPRISE (CVN-80).

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for advance 
procurement for the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80), $191,400,000 may not be 
obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Navy 
submits to the congressional defense committees the certification under 
subsection (b) and the report under subsection (c).
    (b) Certification Regarding CVN-80 Design.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a certification 
that the design of the U.S.S. Enterprise (CVN-80) will repeat the design 
of CVN-79, with modifications only for significant test and evaluation 
results or significant cost reduction initiatives that still meet 
threshold requirements.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that

[[Page 129 STAT. 753]]

        details the costs of the plans related to the U.S.S. Enterprise 
        (CVN-80).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following elements, reported by total cost and cost by 
        fiscal year, with a detailed description and a justification for 
        why each cost is recurring and attributable to the U.S.S. 
        Enterprise (CVN-80):
                    (A) Overall plans.
                    (B) Propulsion plant detail design.
                    (C) Platform detail design.
                    (D) Lead yard services and hull planning yard.
                    (E) Platform detail design (Steam and Electric Plant 
                Planning Yard).
                    (F) Other.
SEC. 130. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR LITTORAL COMBAT 
                        SHIP.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for research and development, 
design, construction, procurement, or advanced procurement of materials 
for the Littoral Combat Ships designated as LCS 33 or subsequent, not 
more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until Secretary of the 
Navy submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives each of the following:
            (1) A capabilities based assessment, or equivalent report, 
        to assess capability gaps and associated capability requirements 
        and risks for the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship, which is 
        proposed to commence with LCS 33. Such assessment shall conform 
        with the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System, 
        including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction 
        3170.01H.
            (2) A certification that the Joint Requirements Oversight 
        Council has validated an updated Capabilities Development 
        Document for the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship.
            (3) A report describing the upgraded Littoral Combat Ship 
        modernization, which shall, at a minimum, include the following 
        elements:
                    (A) A description of capabilities that the Littoral 
                Combat Ship program delivers, and a description of how 
                these relate to the characteristics of the future joint 
                force identified in the Capstone Concept for Joint 
                Operations, concept of operations, and integrated 
                architecture documents.
                    (B) A summary of analyses and studies conducted on 
                Littoral Combat Ship modernization.
                    (C) A concept of operations for Littoral Combat Ship 
                at the operational level and tactical level describing 
                how they integrate and synchronize with joint and 
                combined forces to achieve the Joint Force Commander's 
                intent.
                    (D) A description of threat systems of potential 
                adversaries that are projected or assessed to reach 
                initial operational capability within 15 years against 
                which the lethality and survivability of the Littoral 
                Combat Ship should be determined.
                    (E) A plan and timeline for Littoral Combat Ship 
                modernization program execution.

[[Page 129 STAT. 754]]

                    (F) A description of system capabilities required 
                for Littoral Combat Ship modernization, including key 
                performance parameters and key system attributes.
                    (G) A plan for family of systems or systems of 
                systems synchronization.
                    (H) A plan for information technology and national 
                security systems supportability.
                    (I) A plan for intelligence supportability.
                    (J) A plan for electromagnetic environmental effects 
                and spectrum supportability.
                    (K) A description of assets required to achieve 
                initial operational capability of a Littoral Combat Ship 
                modernization increment.
                    (L) A schedule and initial operational capability 
                and full operational capability definitions.
                    (M) A description of doctrine, organization, 
                training, materiel, leadership, education, personnel, 
                facilities, and policy considerations.
                    (N) A description of other system attributes.
            (4) A plan for future periodic combat systems upgrades, 
        which are necessary to ensure relevant capability throughout the 
        Littoral Combat Ship or Frigate class service lives, using the 
        process described in paragraph (3).
SEC. 131. REPORTING REQUIREMENT FOR OHIO-CLASS REPLACEMENT 
                        SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

    If the budget of the President submitted to Congress under section 
1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for a fiscal year includes a 
request for funds for the Ohio-class replacement submarine program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget justification materials 
submitted to Congress in support of the Department of Defense budget for 
such fiscal year a report that includes the following elements regarding 
such program (described in terms of both fiscal year 2010 dollars and 
current fiscal year dollars as of the date of the report):
            (1) Lead ship end cost (with plans).
            (2) Lead ship end cost (less plans).
            (3) Lead ship non-recurring engineering cost.
            (4) Average follow-on ship cost.
            (5) Average operations and sustainment cost per hull per 
        year.
            (6) The average follow-on ship affordability target as 
        determined by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics.
            (7) The operations and sustainment cost per hull per year 
        affordability target as determined by the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 141. BACKUP INVENTORY STATUS OF A-10 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Maximum Number.--In carrying out section 133(b)(2)(A) of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3316), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may not move more than 18 A-10 aircraft in 
the active component to backup flying

[[Page 129 STAT. 755]]

status pursuant to an authorization made by the Secretary of Defense 
under such section.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section 133(b)(2)(A) is amended by 
striking ``36'' and inserting ``18''.
SEC. 142. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                        A-10 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--Except as 
provided by section 141, none of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air 
Force may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to retire, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status any A-10 
aircraft.
    (b) Additional Limitations on Retirement.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided by section 141, and in 
        addition to the limitation in subsection (a), during the period 
        before December 31, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
        retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup 
        flying status any A-10 aircraft.
            (2) Minimum inventory requirement.--The Secretary of the Air 
        Force shall ensure the Air Force maintains a minimum of 171 A-10 
        aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.

    (c) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Significant Reductions 
in Manning Levels.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air 
Force may be obligated or expended to make significant reductions to 
manning levels with respect to any A-10 aircraft squadrons or divisions.
    (d) Additional Limitation on Significant Reductions in Manning 
Levels.--In addition to the limitation in subsection (c), during the 
period before December 31, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
make significant reductions to manning levels with respect to any A-10 
aircraft squadrons or divisions.
    (e) Study on Replacement Capability Requirements or Mission Platform 
for the A-10 Aircraft.--
            (1) Independent assessment required.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
                shall commission an appropriate entity outside the 
                Department of Defense to conduct an assessment of the 
                required capabilities or mission platform to replace the 
                A-10 aircraft. This assessment would represent 
                preparatory work to inform an analysis of alternatives.
                    (B) Elements.--The assessment required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include each of the following:
                          (i) Future needs analysis for the current A-10 
                      aircraft mission set to include troops-in-contact/
                      close air support, air interdiction, strike 
                      control and reconnaissance, and combat search and 
                      rescue support in both contested and uncontested 
                      battle environments. At a minimum, the needs 
                      analysis should specifically address the following 
                      areas:
                                    (I) The ability to safely and 
                                effectively conduct troops-in-contact/
                                danger close missions or missions in 
                                close proximity to civilians in the 
                                presence of the air defenses found with 
                                enemy ground maneuver units.

[[Page 129 STAT. 756]]

                                    (II) The ability to effectively 
                                target and destroy moving, camouflaged, 
                                or dug-in troops, artillery, armor, and 
                                armored personnel carriers.
                                    (III) The ability to engage, target, 
                                and destroy tanks and armored personnel 
                                carriers, including with respect to the 
                                carrying capacity of armor-piercing 
                                weaponry, including mounted cannons and 
                                missiles.
                                    (IV) The ability to remain within 
                                visual range of friendly forces and 
                                targets to facilitate responsiveness to 
                                ground forces and minimize re-attack 
                                times.
                                    (V) The ability to safely conduct 
                                close air support beneath low cloud 
                                ceilings and in reduced visibilities at 
                                low airspeeds in the presence of the air 
                                defenses found with enemy ground 
                                maneuver units.
                                    (VI) The capability to enable the 
                                pilot and aircraft to survive attacks 
                                stemming from small arms, machine guns, 
                                man-portable air-defense systems, and 
                                lower caliber anti-aircraft artillery 
                                organic or attached to enemy ground 
                                forces and maneuver units.
                                    (VII) The ability to communicate 
                                effectively with ground forces and 
                                downed pilots, including in 
                                communications jamming or satellite-
                                denied environments.
                                    (VIII) The ability to execute the 
                                missions described in subclauses (I), 
                                (II), (III), and (IV) in a GPS- or 
                                satellite-denied environment with or 
                                without sensors.
                                    (IX) The ability to deliver multiple 
                                lethal firing passes and sustain long 
                                loiter endurance to support friendly 
                                forces throughout extended ground 
                                engagements.
                                    (X) The ability to operate from 
                                unprepared dirt, grass, and narrow road 
                                runways and to generate high sortie 
                                rates under these austere conditions.
                          (ii) Identification and assessment of gaps in 
                      the ability of existing and programmed mission 
                      platforms in providing required capabilities to 
                      conduct missions specified in clause (i) in both 
                      contested and uncontested battle environments.
                          (iii) Assessment of operational effectiveness 
                      of existing and programmed mission platforms to 
                      conduct missions specified in clause (i) in both 
                      contested and uncontested battle environments.
                          (iv) Assessment of probability of likelihood 
                      of conducting missions requiring troops-in-
                      contact/close air support operations specified in 
                      clause (i) in contested environments as compared 
                      to uncontested environments.
                          (v) Any other matters the independent entity 
                      or the Secretary of the Air Force determines to be 
                      appropriate.
            (2) Report.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 757]]

                    (A) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2016, 
                the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a report that includes 
                the assessment required under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Form.--The report required under subparagraph 
                (A) may be submitted in classified form, but shall also 
                contain an unclassified executive summary and may 
                contain an unclassified annex.
            (3) Nonduplication of effort.--If any information required 
        under paragraph (1) has been included in another report or 
        notification previously submitted to the congressional defense 
        committees by law, the Secretary of the Air Force may provide a 
        list of such reports and notifications at the time of submitting 
        the report required under paragraph (2) instead of including 
        such information in such report.
SEC. 143. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                        EC-130H COMPASS CALL AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--None of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status any EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.
    (b) Additional Prohibition on Retirement.--In addition to the 
prohibition in subsection (a), during the period preceding December 31, 
2016, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire, prepare to retire, 
or place in storage or on backup flying status any EC-130H Compass Call 
aircraft.
    (c) Report on Retirement of EC-130H Compass Call Aircraft.--Not 
later than September 30, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes, 
at a minimum, the following:
            (1) The rationale for the retirement of existing EC-130H 
        Compass Call aircraft, including an operational analysis of the 
        impact of such retirements on the warfighting requirements of 
        the combatant commanders.
            (2) Future needs analysis for the current EC-130H Compass 
        Call aircraft electronic warfare mission set to include 
        suppression of sophisticated enemy air defense systems, advanced 
        radar jamming, avoiding radar detection, communications, 
        sensing, satellite navigation, command and control, and 
        battlefield awareness.
            (3) A review of operating concepts for airborne electronic 
        attack.
            (4) An assessment of upgrades to the electronic warfare 
        systems of EC-130H Compass Call aircraft, the costs of such 
        upgrades, and expected upgrades through 2025, and the expected 
        service life of EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.
            (5) A review of the global proliferation of more 
        sophisticated air defenses and advanced commercial digital 
        electronic devices which counter the airborne electronic attack 
        capabilities of the United States by state and non-state actors.
            (6) An assessment of the ability of the current EC-130H 
        Compass Call fleet to meet tasking requirements of the combatant 
        commanders.

[[Page 129 STAT. 758]]

            (7) A plan for how the Air Force will recapitalize the 
        capability requirement of the EC-130H Compass Call mission in 
        the future, whether through a replacement program or by 
        integrating such capabilities onto an existing platform.
            (8) If the plan under paragraph (7) includes integrating 
        such capabilities onto an existing platform, an analysis that 
        verifies that such platform has the space, weight, cooling, and 
        power necessary to support the integration of the EC-130H 
        Compass Call capability.
            (9) Such other matters relating to the required mission 
        capabilities and transition of the EC-130H Compass Call fleet as 
        the Secretary considers appropriate.

    (d) Form.--The report under subsection (c) may be submitted in 
classified form, but shall also contain an unclassified executive 
summary and may contain an unclassified annex.
    (e) Nonduplication of Effort.--If any information required in the 
report under subsection (c) has been included in another report or 
notification previously submitted to the congressional defense 
committees by law, the Secretary of the Air Force may provide a list of 
such reports and notifications at the time of submitting the report 
required under subsection (c) instead of including such information in 
such report.
SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                        JOINT SURVEILLANCE TARGET ATTACK RADAR 
                        SYSTEM, EC-130H COMPASS CALL, AND AIRBORNE 
                        WARNING AND CONTROL SYSTEM AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal years 2016 or 2017 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any covered 
aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual covered aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of 
mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Covered Aircraft.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means the following:
            (1) Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft.
            (2) EC-130H Compass Call aircraft.
            (3) Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft.
SEC. 145. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35A AIRCRAFT 
                        PROCUREMENT.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for aircraft procurement, Air Force, 
not more than $4,285,000,000 may be obligated for the procurement of F-
35A aircraft until the Secretary of the Air Force certifies to the 
congressional defense committees that F-35A aircraft delivered during 
fiscal year 2018 will have full combat capability, as determined as of 
the date of the enactment of this Act, with Block 3F hardware, software, 
and weapons carriage.
SEC. 146. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                        KC-10 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise

[[Page 129 STAT. 759]]

made available for fiscal years 2016 or 2017 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any KC-10 
aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual KC-10 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force 
determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of 
mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OF C-
                        130 AIRCRAFT.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to transfer from one facility of the Department of 
Defense to another any C-130H aircraft, initiate any C-130 manpower 
authorization adjustments, retire or prepare to retire any C-130H 
aircraft, or close any C-130H unit until a period of 90 days elapses 
following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force, the 
Secretary of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
Chief of Staff of the Army, in consultation with the commanders of the 
XVIII Airborne Corps, the 82nd Airborne Division, and the United States 
Army Special Operations Command, jointly certify to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives that--
            (1) the Secretary of the Air Force will maintain dedicated 
        C-130 wings to support the daily training and contingency 
        requirements of the XVIII Airborne Corps, the 82nd Airborne 
        Division, and the United States Army Special Operations Command 
        at manning levels required to support and operate the number of 
        aircraft that existed as part of regular and reserve Air Force 
        operations in support of such units as of September 30, 2014; or
            (2) the failure to maintain such dedicated C-130 wings will 
        not adversely affect the daily training requirement of such 
        airborne and special operations units.
SEC. 148. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EXECUTIVE 
                        COMMUNICATIONS UPGRADES FOR C-20 AND C-37 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2016 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to upgrade the executive communications of C-20 and C-37 
aircraft until the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
certifies in writing to the congressional defense committees that such 
upgrades do not--
            (1) cause such aircraft to exceed any weight limitation; or
            (2) reduce the operational capability of such aircraft.

    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the limitation in subsection 
(a) if the Secretary--
            (1) determines that such waiver is necessary for the 
        national security interests of the United States; and
            (2) notifies the congressional defense committees of such 
        waiver.

[[Page 129 STAT. 760]]

SEC. 149. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR T-1A JAYHAWK 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for aircraft procurement, Air Force, 
for avionics modification to the T-1A Jayhawk aircraft, not more than 85 
percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 days has 
elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
submits to the congressional defense committees the report required 
under section 142 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
291; 128 Stat. 3320).
SEC. 150. NOTIFICATION OF RETIREMENT OF B-1, B-2, AND B-52 BOMBER 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Notification.--Except as provided by subsection (b), during the 
period preceding the date on which the long-range strike bomber aircraft 
achieves initial operational capability, the Secretary of the Air Force 
may not retire or prepare to retire covered aircraft during a fiscal 
year unless the Secretary includes in the defense budget materials for 
that fiscal year a notification of the proposed retirement, including 
the rationale for the retirement, the effects of the retirement, and how 
the Secretary will mitigate any risks relating to the retirement.
    (b) Exception.--The notification requirement in subsection (a) shall 
not apply to individual covered aircraft that the Secretary determines, 
on a case-by-case basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other 
damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means B-1, B-2, and B-52 
        bomber aircraft.
            (2) The term ``defense budget materials'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 231(f) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
SEC. 151. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OF THE AIR 
                        FORCE.

    (a) Inventory Requirement.--During the two-year period beginning on 
October 1, 2015, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total 
aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft of not less than 1,900 aircraft, 
and a total primary mission aircraft inventory (combat-coded) of not 
less than 1,100 fighter aircraft.
    (b) Budget Information Regarding Retirement of Fighter Aircraft.--
            (1) Report.--If the Secretary proposes to retire fighter 
        aircraft in a fiscal year, the Secretary shall include in the 
        materials submitted in support of the budget of the President 
        for that fiscal year (as submitted to Congress under section 
        1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) a report setting forth 
        the following:
                    (A) The rationale and appropriate supporting 
                analysis for the proposed retirement.
                    (B) An assessment of the implications of such 
                retirement for the Air Force, the Air National Guard, 
                and the Air Force Reserve for the force mix ratio of 
                fighter aircraft.
                    (C) Such other matters relating to the proposed 
                retirement as the Secretary considers appropriate.

[[Page 129 STAT. 761]]

            (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to individual 
        fighter aircraft that the Secretary determines, on a case-by-
        case basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other 
        damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``fighter aircraft'' means an aircraft that is 
        designated by a basic mission design series of A-10, F-15, F-16, 
        F-22, or F-35.
            (2) The term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' means 
        aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization to 
        a unit for the performance of its wartime mission.
SEC. 152. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE OCONUS BASING OF F-35A 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that the Department of Defense is 
continuing its process of permanently stationing the F-35 aircraft at 
installations in the continental United States and forward-basing such 
aircraft outside the continental United States.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of the Air Force, in the strategic basing process for the F-
35A aircraft, should continue to consider the benefits derived from 
sites that--
            (1) are capable of hosting fighter-based bilateral and 
        multilateral training opportunities with international partners;
            (2) have sufficient airspace and range capabilities and 
        capacity to meet the training requirements;
            (3) have existing facilities to support personnel, 
        operations, and logistics associated with the flying mission;
            (4) have limited encroachment that would adversely impact 
        training or operations; and
            (5) minimize the overall construction and operational costs.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 161. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR JOINT BATTLE 
                        COMMAND-PLATFORM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for joint battle 
command-platform equipment, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, 
and Logistics submits to the congressional defense committees the report 
under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Assistant Secretary 
of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that provides a detailed 
test and evaluation plan to address the effectiveness, suitability, and 
survivability shortfalls of the joint battle command-platform identified 
by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation in the fiscal year 
2014 report of the Director submitted to Congress.

[[Page 129 STAT. 762]]

SEC. 162. REPORT ON ARMY AND MARINE CORPS MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR 
                        SMALL ARMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of 
the Navy shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the plan of the Army 
and the Marine Corps to modernize small arms for the Army and the Marine 
Corps during the 15-year period beginning on the date of such plan, 
including the mechanisms to be used to promote competition among 
suppliers of small arms and small arms parts in achieving the plan.
    (b) Small Arms.--The small arms covered by the plan under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) Pistols.
            (2) Carbines.
            (3) Rifles and automatic rifles.
            (4) Light machine guns.
            (5) Such other small arms as the Secretaries consider 
        appropriate for purposes of the report required by subsection 
        (a).

    (c) Non-standard Small Arms.--In addition to the arms specified in 
subsection (b), the plan under subsection (a) shall also address non-
standard small arms not currently in the small arms inventory of the 
Army or the Marine Corps.
SEC. 163. STUDY ON USE OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF ENHANCED 5.56MM 
                        AMMUNITION BY THE ARMY AND THE MARINE 
                        CORPS.

    (a) Use of Different Types of Enhanced 5.56mm Ammunition.--
            (1) Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        enter into a contract with a federally funded research and 
        development center to conduct a study on the use of different 
        types of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition by the Army and the Marine 
        Corps.
            (2) Submission.--Not later than 90 days after the date on 
        which the contract is entered into under paragraph (1), the 
        federally funded research and development center conducting the 
        study under such paragraph shall submit to the Secretary the 
        study, including any findings and recommendations of the 
        federally funded research and development center.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
        which the Secretary receives the study under subsection (a)(2), 
        the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the study.
            (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The study, including any findings and 
                recommendations of the federally funded research and 
                development center that conducted the study.
                    (B) An explanation of the reasons for the Army and 
                the Marine Corps to use in combat two different types of 
                enhanced 5.56mm ammunition.
                    (C) An explanation of the appropriateness, 
                effectiveness, and suitability issues that may arise 
                from the use of such different types of ammunition.

[[Page 129 STAT. 763]]

                    (D) An explanation of any additional costs that have 
                resulted from the use of such different types of 
                ammunition.
                    (E) An explanation of any future plans of the Army 
                or the Marine Corps to eventually transition to using in 
                combat one standard type of enhanced 5.56mm ammunition.
                    (F) If there are no plans described in subparagraph 
                (E), an analysis of the potential benefits of a 
                transition described in such subparagraph, including the 
                timeline for such a transition to occur.
                    (G) Any findings, recommendations, comments, or 
                plans that the Secretary determines appropriate.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.
Sec. 212.  Expansion of eligibility for financial assistance under 
           Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
           Transformation Program to include citizens of countries 
           participating in the Technical Cooperation Program.
Sec. 213. Expansion of education partnerships to support technology 
           transfer and transition.
Sec. 214. Improvement to coordination and communication of defense 
           research activities.
Sec. 215. Reauthorization of Global Research Watch program.
Sec. 216. Reauthorization of defense research and development rapid 
           innovation program.
Sec. 217. Science and technology activities to support business systems 
           information technology acquisition programs.
Sec. 218. Department of Defense technology offset program to build and 
           maintain the military technological superiority of the United 
           States.
Sec. 219. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15 infrared search 
           and track capability development.
Sec. 220. Limitation on availability of funds for development of the 
           shallow water combat submersible.
Sec. 221. Limitation on availability of funds for the advanced 
           development and manufacturing facility under the medical 
           countermeasure program.
Sec. 222. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
           ground system of the Army.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for distributed common 
           ground system of the United States Special Operations 
           Command.
Sec. 224. Limitation on availability of funds for Integrated Personnel 
           and Pay System of the Army.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Streamlining the Joint Federated Assurance Center.
Sec. 232. Demonstration of Persistent Close Air Support capabilities.
Sec. 233. Strategies for engagement with Historically Black Colleges and 
           Universities and Minority-serving Institutions of Higher 
           Education.
Sec. 234. Report on commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
           systems for Army tactical unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 235. Report on Tactical Combat Training System Increment II.
Sec. 236. Report on technology readiness levels of the technologies and 
           capabilities critical to the long-range strike bomber 
           aircraft.
Sec. 237. Assessment of air-land mobile tactical communications and data 
           network requirements and capabilities.
Sec. 238. Study of field failures involving counterfeit electronic 
           parts.
Sec. 239. Airborne data link plan.
Sec. 240. Plan for advanced weapons technology war games.
Sec. 241. Independent assessment of F135 engine program.

[[Page 129 STAT. 764]]

Sec. 242. Comptroller General review of autonomic logistics information 
           system for F-35 Lightning II aircraft.
Sec. 243. Sense of Congress regarding facilitation of a high quality 
           technical workforce.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. CENTERS FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND ENGINEERING 
                        PARTNERSHIP.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2367 the following new section:
``Sec. 2368. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2368.>> Centers for Science, 
                  Technology, and Engineering Partnership

    ``(a) Designation.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall designate each 
science and technology reinvention laboratory as a Center for Science, 
Technology, and Engineering Partnership (in this section referred to as 
`Centers') in the recognized core competencies of the designee.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a policy to encourage 
the Secretary of each military department to reengineer management and 
business processes and adopt best-business and personnel practices at 
the Centers of the Secretary concerned in connection with the capability 
requirements of the Centers, so as to serve as recognized leaders in 
such capabilities throughout the Department of Defense and in the 
national technology and industrial base.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense, acting through the directors of the 
Centers, may conduct one or more pilot programs, consistent with 
applicable requirements of law, to test any practices referred to in 
paragraph (2) that the Directors determine could--
            ``(A) improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operations 
        at Centers;
            ``(B) improve the support provided by the Centers for the 
        elements of the Department of Defense who use the services of 
        the Centers; and
            ``(C) enhance capabilities by reducing the cost and 
        improving the performance and efficiency of executing laboratory 
        missions.

    ``(b) Public-private Partnerships.--(1) To achieve one or more 
objectives set forth in paragraph (2), the Secretary may authorize and 
establish incentives for the Director of a Center to enter into public-
private cooperative arrangements (in this section referred

[[Page 129 STAT. 765]]

to as a `public-private partnership') to provide for any of the 
following:
            ``(A) For employees of the Center, academia, private 
        industry, State and local governments, or other entities outside 
        the Department of Defense to perform (under contract, 
        subcontract, or otherwise) work related to the capabilities of 
        the Center, including any work that--
                    ``(i) involves one or more capabilities of the 
                Center; and
                    ``(ii) may be applicable to both the Department and 
                commercial entities.
            ``(B) For private industry or other entities outside the 
        Department of Defense to use for either Government or commercial 
        purposes any capabilities of the Center that are not fully used 
        for Department of Defense activities for any period determined 
        to be consistent with the needs of the Department of Defense.

    ``(2) The objectives for exercising the authority provided in 
paragraph (1) are as follows:
            ``(A) To maximize the use of the capacity of a Center.
            ``(B) To reduce or eliminate the cost of ownership of a 
        Center by the Department of Defense.
            ``(C) To reduce the cost of science, technology, and 
        engineering activities of the Department of Defense.
            ``(D) To leverage private sector investment in--
                    ``(i) such efforts as research and equipment 
                recapitalization for a Center; and
                    ``(ii) the promotion of the undertaking of 
                commercial business ventures based on the capabilities 
                of a Center, as determined by the director of the 
                Center.
            ``(E) To foster cooperation and technology transfer between 
        the armed forces, academia, private industry, and State and 
        local governments.
            ``(F) To increase access by a Center to a skilled technical 
        workforce that can contribute to the effective and efficient 
        execution of the missions of the Department of Defense.
            ``(G) To increase the ability of a Center to access and use 
        non-Department of Defense methods to develop and innovate and 
        access capabilities that contribute to the effective and 
        efficient execution of the missions of the Department of 
        Defense.

    ``(3)(A) Public-private partnerships entered into under paragraph 
(1) may be used for purposes relating to technology transfer and other 
authorities described in subparagraph (B).
    ``(B) The authorities described in this subparagraph are provisions 
of law that provide for cooperation and partnership by the Department of 
Defense with academia, private industry, and State and local 
governments, including the following:
            ``(i) Sections 3371 through 3375 of title 5.
            ``(ii) Sections 2194, 2358, 2371, 2511, 2539b, and 2563 of 
        this title.
            ``(iii) Section 209 of title 35.
            ``(iv) Sections 8, 12, and 23 of the Stevenson-Wydler 
        Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3706, 3710a, and 
        3715).

    ``(c) Private Sector Use of Excess Capacity.--Any capability of a 
Center made available to the private sector may be used

[[Page 129 STAT. 766]]

to perform research and testing activities in order to make more 
efficient and economical use of Government-owned capabilities and 
encourage the creation and preservation of jobs to ensure the 
availability of a workforce with the necessary research and technical 
skills to meet the needs of the armed forces.
    ``(d) Crediting of Amounts for Performance.--Amounts received by a 
Center for work performed under a public-private partnership may--
            ``(1) be credited to the appropriation or fund, including a 
        working-capital or revolving fund, that incurs the cost of 
        performing the work; or
            ``(2) be used by the Director of the Center as the Director 
        considers appropriate and consistent with section 219 of the 
        Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).

    ``(e) Availability of Excess Capacities to Private-sector 
Partners.--Capacities of a Center may be made available for use by a 
private-sector entity under this section only if--
            ``(1) the use of the capacities will not have a significant 
        adverse effect on the performance of the Center or the ability 
        of the Center to achieve the mission of the Center, as 
        determined by the Director of the Center; and
            ``(2) the private-sector entity agrees--
                    ``(A) to reimburse the Department of Defense when 
                required in accordance with the guidance of the 
                Department for the direct and indirect costs (including 
                any rental costs) that are attributable to the use of 
                the capabilities by the private-sector entity, as 
                determined by the Secretary of the military departments; 
                and
                    ``(B) to hold harmless and indemnify the United 
                States from--
                          ``(i) any claim for damages or injury to any 
                      person or property arising out of the use of the 
                      capabilities, except under the circumstances 
                      described in section 2563(c)(3) of this title; and
                          ``(ii) any liability or claim for damages or 
                      injury to any person or property arising out of a 
                      decision by the Secretary to suspend or terminate 
                      that use of capabilities during a war or national 
                      emergency.

    ``(f) Construction of Provision.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to authorize a change, otherwise prohibited by law, from the 
performance of work at a Center by personnel of the Department of 
Defense to performance by a contractor.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `capabilities', with respect to a Center for 
        Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership, means the 
        facilities, equipment, personnel, intellectual property, and 
        other assets that support the core competencies of the Center.
            ``(2) The term `national technology and industrial base' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 2500 of this title.
            ``(3) The term `science and technology reinvention 
        laboratory' means a science and technology reinvention 
        laboratory designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note).''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 767]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 prec.>> amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 2367 the following new item:

``2368. Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnership.''.

SEC. 212. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SCIENCE, 
                        MATHEMATICS, AND RESEARCH FOR 
                        TRANSFORMATION PROGRAM TO INCLUDE CITIZENS 
                        OF COUNTRIES PARTICIPATING IN THE 
                        TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAM.

    Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by inserting ``or, subject to 
        subsection (g), a country the government of which is a party to 
        The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) memorandum of 
        understanding of October 24, 1995'' after ``United States'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (3) by inserting after section (f) the following new 
        subsection (g):

    ``(g) Limitation on Participation.--(1) The Secretary may not award 
scholarships or fellowships under this section to more than five 
individuals described in paragraph (2) per year.
    ``(2) An individual described in this paragraph is an individual 
who--
            ``(A) has not previously been awarded a scholarship or 
        fellowship under the program under this section;
            ``(B) is not a citizen of the United States; and
            ``(C) is a citizen of a country the government of which is a 
        party to The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) memorandum of 
        understanding of October 24, 1995.''.
SEC. 213. EXPANSION OF EDUCATION PARTNERSHIPS TO SUPPORT 
                        TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND TRANSITION.

    Section 2194 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``business, law, 
        technology transfer or transition'' after ``mathematics,''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
                paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
                new paragraph (4):
            ``(4) providing in the defense laboratory sabbatical 
        opportunities for faculty and internship opportunities for 
        students;''; and
                    (C) in paragraphs (5) and (6), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``research projects'' both 
                places it appears and inserting ``projects, including 
                research and technology transfer or transition 
                projects''.
SEC. 214. IMPROVEMENT TO COORDINATION AND COMMUNICATION OF DEFENSE 
                        RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 2364 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:

    ``(a) Coordination of Department of Defense Research, Development, 
and Technological Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall promote, 
monitor, and evaluate programs for the

[[Page 129 STAT. 768]]

communication and exchange of research, development, and technological 
data--
            ``(1) among the Defense research facilities, combatant 
        commands, and other organizations that are involved in 
        developing for the Department of Defense the technological 
        requirements for new items for use by combat forces;
            ``(2) among Defense research facilities and other offices, 
        agencies, and bureaus in the Department that are engaged in 
        related technological matters;
            ``(3) among other research facilities and other departments 
        or agencies of the Federal Government that are engaged in 
        research, development, and technological matters;
            ``(4) among private commercial, research institution, and 
        university entities engaged in research, development, and 
        technological matters potentially relevant to defense on a 
        voluntary basis;
            ``(5) to the extent practicable, to achieve full awareness 
        of scientific and technological advancement and innovation 
        wherever it may occur, whether funded by the Department of 
        Defense, another element of the Federal Government, or other 
        entities; and
            ``(6) through development and distribution of clear 
        technical communications to the public, military operators, 
        acquisition organizations, and civilian and military decision-
        makers that conveys successes of research and engineering 
        activities supported by the Department and the contributions of 
        such activities to support national needs.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(3) that the managers of such facilities have broad 
        latitude to choose research and development projects based on 
        awareness of activities throughout the technology domain, 
        including within the Federal Government, the Department of 
        Defense, public and private research institutions and 
        universities, and the global commercial marketplace;'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(6) that, in light of Defense research facilities being 
        funded by the public, Defense research facilities are broadly 
        authorized and encouraged to support national technological 
        development goals and support technological missions of other 
        departments and agencies of the Federal Government, when such 
        support is determined by the Secretary of Defense to be in the 
        best interests of the Federal Government.''.
            (3) in the section heading, by inserting ``and technology 
        domain awareness'' after ``activities''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 769]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 prec.>> amended by 
striking the item relating to section 2364 and inserting the following:

``2364. Coordination and communication of defense research activities 
           and technology domain awareness.''.

SEC. 215. REAUTHORIZATION OF GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH PROGRAM.

    Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b), by 
        inserting ``and private sector persons'' after ``foreign 
        nations'' both places it appears; and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``September 30, 2015'' 
        and inserting ``September 30, 2025''.
SEC. 216. REAUTHORIZATION OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                        RAPID INNOVATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1073 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
U.S.C. 2359a note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2015'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``September 30, 2015'' 
        and inserting ``September 30, 2023''.

    (b) Modification of Guidelines for Operation of Program.--Subsection 
(b) of such section is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) The issuance of an annual broad agency announcement or 
        the use of any other competitive or merit-based processes by the 
        Department of Defense for candidate proposals in support of 
        defense acquisition programs as described in subsection (a).'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the second sentence;
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``be funded 
                under the program for more than two years'' and 
                inserting ``receive more than a total of two years of 
                funding under the program''; and
                    (B) by striking the second sentence; and
            (4) by adding at the end, the following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) Mechanisms to facilitate transition of follow-on or 
        current projects carried out under the program into defense 
        acquisition programs, through the use of the authorities of 
        section 819 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) or such other 
        authorities as may be appropriate to conduct further testing, 
        low rate production, or full rate production of technologies 
        developed under the program.
            ``(6) Projects are selected using merit-based selection 
        procedures and the selection of projects is not subject to undue 
        influence by Congress or other Federal agencies.''.

    (c) Repeal of Report Requirement.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (f); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).

[[Page 129 STAT. 770]]

SEC. 217. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2445a note.>> SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                        ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT BUSINESS SYSTEMS 
                        INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION 
                        PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, the 
Deputy Chief Management Officer, and the Chief Information Officer, 
shall establish a set of science, technology, and innovation activities 
to improve the acquisition outcomes of major automated information 
systems through improved performance and reduced developmental and life 
cycle costs.
    (b) Execution of Activities.--The activities established under 
subsection (a) shall be carried out by such military departments and 
Defense Agencies as the Under Secretary and the Deputy Chief Management 
Officer consider appropriate.
    (c) Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The set of activities established under 
        subsection (a) may include the following:
                    (A) Development of capabilities in Department of 
                Defense laboratories, test centers, and federally funded 
                research and development centers to provide technical 
                support for acquisition program management and business 
                process re-engineering activities.
                    (B) Funding of intramural and extramural research 
                and development activities as described in subsection 
                (e).
            (2) Current activities.--The Secretary shall identify the 
        current activities described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
        paragraph (1) that are being carried out as of the date of the 
        enactment of this Act. The Secretary shall consider such current 
        activities in determining the set of activities to establish 
        pursuant to subsection (a).

    (d) Gap Analysis.--In establishing the set of activities under 
subsection (a), not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
military departments and the heads of the Defense Agencies, shall 
conduct a gap analysis to identify activities that are not, as of such 
date, being pursued in the current science and technology program of the 
Department. The Secretary shall use such analysis in determining--
            (1) the set of activities to establish pursuant to 
        subsection (a) that carry out the purposes specified in 
        subsection (c)(1); and
            (2) the proposed funding requirements and timelines.

    (e) Funding of Intramural and Extramural Research and Development.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out the set of activities 
        required by subsection (a), the Secretary may award grants or 
        contracts to eligible entities to carry out intramural or 
        extramural research and development in areas of interest 
        described in paragraph (3).
            (2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of this subsection, an 
        eligible entity includes the following:
                    (A) Entities in the defense industry.
                    (B) Institutions of higher education.
                    (C) Small businesses.
                    (D) Nontraditional defense contractors (as defined 
                in section 2302 of title 10, United States Code).

[[Page 129 STAT. 771]]

                    (E) Federally funded research and development 
                centers, primarily for the purpose of improving 
                technical expertise to support acquisition efforts.
                    (F) Nonprofit research institutions.
                    (G) Government laboratories and test centers, 
                primarily for the purpose of improving technical 
                expertise to support acquisition efforts.
            (3) Areas of interest.--The areas of interest described in 
        this paragraph are the following:
                    (A) Management innovation, including personnel and 
                financial management policy innovation.
                    (B) Business process re-engineering.
                    (C) Systems engineering of information technology 
                business systems.
                    (D) Cloud computing to support business systems and 
                business processes.
                    (E) Software development, including systems and 
                techniques to limit unique interfaces and simplify 
                processes to customize commercial software to meet the 
                needs of the Department of Defense.
                    (F) Hardware development, including systems and 
                techniques to limit unique interfaces and simplify 
                processes to customize commercial hardware to meet the 
                needs of the Department of Defense.
                    (G) Development of methodologies and tools to 
                support development and operational test of large and 
                complex business systems.
                    (H) Analysis tools to allow decision-makers to make 
                tradeoffs between requirements, costs, technical risks, 
                and schedule in major automated information system 
                acquisition programs.
                    (I) Information security in major automated 
                information system systems.
                    (J) Innovative acquisition policies and practices to 
                streamline acquisition of information technology 
                systems.
                    (K) Such other areas as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.

    (f) Priorities.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out the set of activities 
        required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall give priority 
        to--
                    (A) projects that--
                          (i) address the innovation and technology 
                      needs of the Department of Defense; and
                          (ii) support activities of initiatives, 
                      programs, and offices identified by the Under 
                      Secretary and Deputy Chief Management Officer; and
                    (B) the projects and programs identified in 
                paragraph (2).
            (2) Projects and programs identified.--The projects and 
        programs identified in this paragraph are the following:
                    (A) Major automated information system programs.
                    (B) Projects and programs under the oversight of the 
                Deputy Chief Management Officer.
                    (C) Projects and programs relating to defense 
                procurement acquisition policy.

[[Page 129 STAT. 772]]

                    (D) Projects and programs of the agencies and field 
                activities of the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
                that support business missions such as finance, human 
                resources, security, management, logistics, and contract 
                management.
                    (E) Military and civilian personnel policy 
                development for information technology workforce.
SEC. 218. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2501 note.>> DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        TECHNOLOGY OFFSET PROGRAM TO BUILD AND 
                        MAINTAIN THE MILITARY TECHNOLOGICAL 
                        SUPERIORITY OF THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Program Established.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
        technology offset program to build and maintain the military 
        technological superiority of the United States by--
                    (A) accelerating the fielding of offset technologies 
                that would help counter technological advantages of 
                potential adversaries of the United States, including 
                directed energy, low-cost, high-speed munitions, 
                autonomous systems, undersea warfare, cyber technology, 
                and intelligence data analytics, developed using 
                research funding of the Department of Defense and 
                accelerating the commercialization of such technologies; 
                and
                    (B) developing and implementing new policies and 
                acquisition and business practices.
            (2) Guidelines.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue guidelines 
        for the operation of the program established under paragraph 
        (1), including--
                    (A) criteria for an application for funding by a 
                military department, Defense Agency, or a combatant 
                command;
                    (B) the purposes for which such a department, 
                agency, or command may apply for funds and appropriate 
                requirements for technology development or 
                commercialization to be supported using program funds;
                    (C) the priorities, if any, to be provided to field 
                or commercialize offset technologies developed by 
                certain types of research funding of the Department; and
                    (D) criteria for evaluation of an application for 
                funding or changes to policies or acquisition and 
                business practices by such a department, agency, or 
                command for purposes of the program.

    (b) Applications for Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Under the program established under 
        subsection (a)(1), not less frequently than annually, the 
        Secretary shall solicit from the heads of the military 
        departments, the Defense Agencies, and the combatant commands 
        applications for funding to be used to enter into contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, or other transaction agreements entered 
        into pursuant to section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, 
        as added by section 815, with appropriate entities for the 
        fielding or commercialization of technologies.
            (2) Treatment pursuant to certain congressional rules.--
        Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to require any 
        official of the Department of Defense to provide funding under 
        this section to any Congressional earmark as defined pursuant to 
        clause 9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House

[[Page 129 STAT. 773]]

        of Representatives or any congressionally directed spending item 
        as defined pursuant to paragraph 5 of rule XLIV of the Standing 
        Rules of the Senate.

    (c) Funding.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations for such purpose, of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
        year 2016 for research, development, test, and evaluation, 
        Defense-wide, not more than $300,000,000 may be used for each 
        such fiscal year for the program established under subsection 
        (a)(1).
            (2) Amount for directed energy.--Of the funds specified in 
        paragraph (1) for any of fiscal years 2016 through 2020, not 
        more than $150,000,000 may be used for each such fiscal year for 
        activities in the field of directed energy.

    (d) Transfer Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may transfer funds available 
        for the program established under subsection (a)(1) to the 
        research, development, test, and evaluation accounts of a 
        military department, Defense Agency, or a combatant command 
        pursuant to an application, or any part of an application, that 
        the Secretary determines would support the purposes of the 
        program.
            (2) Supplement not supplant.--The transfer authority 
        provided in paragraph (1) is in addition to any other transfer 
        authority available to the Secretary of Defense.

    (e) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--The authority to carry out the program 
        under subsection (a)(1) shall terminate on September 30, 2020.
            (2) Transfer after termination.--Any amounts made available 
        for the program that remain available for obligation on the date 
        on which the program terminates may be transferred under 
        subsection (d) during the 180-day period beginning on the date 
        of the termination of the program.
SEC. 219. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-15 INFRARED 
                        SEARCH AND TRACK CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for F-15 infrared search 
and track capability, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or 
expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees the report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
requirements and cost estimates for the development and procurement of 
infrared search and track capability for F/A-18 and F-15 aircraft of the 
Navy and the Air Force. The report shall include the following:
            (1) A comparison of the requirements between the F/A-18 and 
        F-15 aircraft infrared search and track development efforts of 
        the Navy and the Air Force.
            (2) An explanation of any differences between the F/A-18 and 
        F-15 aircraft infrared search and track capability development 
        efforts of the Navy and the Air Force.

[[Page 129 STAT. 774]]

            (3) A summary of the schedules and required funding to 
        develop and field such capability.
            (4) An explanation of any need for the Navy and the Air 
        Force to field different F/A-18 and F-15 aircraft infrared 
        search and track systems.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
SEC. 220. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF 
                        THE SHALLOW WATER COMBAT SUBMERSIBLE.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for the 
development of the shallow water combat submersible of the United States 
Special Operations Command, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or 
expended until a period of 15 days elapses following the later of the 
date on which--
            (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics designates a civilian official to be 
        responsible for oversight of and assistance to the United States 
        Special Operations Command for all undersea mobility programs; 
        and
            (2) the Under Secretary, in coordination with the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity 
        Conflict and the Commander of the United States Special 
        Operations Command, submits to the congressional defense 
        committees the report described in subsection (b).

    (b) Report Described.--The report described in this subsection is a 
report on the shallow water combat submersible program that includes the 
following:
            (1) An analysis of the reasons for cost and schedule 
        overruns associated with the program, including with respect to 
        the performance of contractors and subcontractors.
            (2) A revised timeline for initial and full operational 
        capability of the shallow water combat submersible.
            (3) A description of the challenges associated with the 
        integration with dry deck shelter and other diving technologies.
            (4) The projected cost to meet the total unit acquisition 
        objective.
            (5) A plan to prevent, identify, and mitigate any additional 
        cost and schedule overruns.
            (6) A description of any opportunities to recover cost or 
        schedule overruns.
            (7) A description of any lessons that the Under Secretary 
        may have learned from the shallow water combat submersible 
        program that could be applied to future undersea mobility 
        acquisition programs.
            (8) Any other matters that the Under Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
SEC. 221. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE ADVANCED 
                        DEVELOPMENT AND MANUFACTURING FACILITY 
                        UNDER THE MEDICAL COUNTERMEASURE PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, for the advanced 
development and manufacturing facility, and the associated activities 
performed at such facility, under the medical countermeasure program of 
the chemical and biological defense program,

[[Page 129 STAT. 775]]

not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 
45 days elapses following the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
submits to the congressional defense committees the report under 
subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the advanced development and manufacturing 
facility under the medical countermeasure program that includes the 
following:
            (1) An overall description of the advanced development and 
        manufacturing facility, including validated Department of 
        Defense requirements.
            (2) Program goals, proposed metrics of performance, and 
        anticipated procurement and operations and maintenance costs 
        during the period covered by the current future years defense 
        program under section 221 of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) The results of any analysis of alternatives and 
        efficiency reviews conducted by the Secretary that justifies the 
        manufacturing and privately financed construction of an advanced 
        manufacturing and development facility rather than using other 
        programs and facilities of the Federal Government or industry 
        facilities for advanced development and manufacturing of medical 
        countermeasures.
            (4) An independent cost-benefit analysis that justifies the 
        manufacturing and privately financed construction of an advanced 
        manufacturing and development facility described in paragraph 
        (3).
            (5) If no independent cost-benefit analysis makes the 
        justification described in paragraph (4), an explanation for why 
        such manufacturing and privately financed construction cannot be 
        so justified.
            (6) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        appropriate.

    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date on which the Secretary submits the report under subsection (b), the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a review of such report.
SEC. 222. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DISTRIBUTED 
                        COMMON GROUND SYSTEM OF THE ARMY.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Army, for the distributed common 
ground system of the Army, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the Secretary of the Army--
            (1) conducts a review of the program planning for the 
        distributed common ground system of the Army; and
            (2) submits to the appropriate congressional committees the 
        report required by subsection (b)(1).

    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report on the review of 
        the distributed common ground system of the Army conducted under 
        subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Matters included.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 776]]

                    (A) A review of the segmentation of Increment 2 of 
                the distributed common ground system program of the Army 
                into discrete software components with the associated 
                requirements of each component.
                    (B) Identification of each component of Increment 2 
                of the distributed common ground system of the Army for 
                which commercial software exists that is capable of 
                fulfilling most or all of the system requirements for 
                each such component.
                    (C) A cost analysis of each such commercial software 
                that compares performance with projected cost.
                    (D) Determination of the degree to which commercial 
                software solutions are compliant with the standards 
                required by the framework and guidance for the 
                Intelligence Community Information Technology 
                Enterprise, the Defense Intelligence Information 
                Enterprise, and the Joint Information Environment.
                    (E) Identification of each component of Increment 2 
                of the distributed common ground system of the Army that 
                the Secretary determines may be acquired through 
                competitive means.
                    (F) An acquisition plan for Increment 2 of the 
                distributed common ground system of the Army that 
                prioritizes the acquisition of commercial software 
                components, including a data integration layer, in time 
                to meet the projected deployment schedule for Increment 
                2.
                    (G) A review of the timetable for the distributed 
                common ground system program of the Army in order to 
                determine whether there is a practical, executable 
                acquisition strategy, including the use of operational 
                capability demonstrations, that could lead to an initial 
                operating capability of Increment 2 of the distributed 
                common ground system of the Army prior to fiscal year 
                2017.

    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and 
        the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives.
SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DISTRIBUTED 
                        COMMON GROUND SYSTEM OF THE UNITED STATES 
                        SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Defense-wide, for the United States 
Special Operations Command for the distributed common ground system, not 
more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the Commander of 
the United States Special Operations Command submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report required by subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Commander shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees and the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives a report on the distributed 
common ground system. Such report shall include the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 777]]

            (1) A review of the segmentation of the distributed common 
        ground system special operations forces program into discrete 
        software components with the associated requirements of each 
        component.
            (2) Identification of each component of the distributed 
        common ground system special operations forces program for which 
        commercial software exists that is capable of fulfilling most or 
        all of the system requirements for each such component.
            (3) A cost analysis of each such commercial software that 
        compares performance with projected cost.
            (4) A determination of the degree to which commercial 
        software solutions are compliant with the standards required by 
        the framework and guidance for the Intelligence Community 
        Information Technology Enterprise, the Defense Intelligence 
        Information Enterprise, and the Joint Information Environment.
            (5) Identification of each component of the distributed 
        common ground system special operations forces program that the 
        Commander determines may be acquired through competitive means.
            (6) An assessment of the extent to which elements of the 
        distributed common ground system special operations forces 
        program could be modified to increase commercial acquisition 
        opportunities.
            (7) An acquisition plan that leads to full operational 
        capability prior to fiscal year 2019.
SEC. 224. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INTEGRATED 
                        PERSONNEL AND PAY SYSTEM OF THE ARMY.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for research, development, test, and 
evaluation, Army, for the integrated personnel and pay system of the 
Army, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
date on which the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional 
defense committees a report that includes the following:
            (1) Updated and validated information regarding the 
        performance of the current legacy personnel and pay system of 
        the Army for each high-level objective and business outcome 
        described in the business case for IPPS-A Increment II, dated 
        December 2014, including justifications for threshold and 
        objective values for the integrated personnel and pay system of 
        the Army.
            (2) An explanation how the integrated personnel and pay 
        system of the Army will enable significant change throughout the 
        entire human resources enterprise.
            (3) A description for how the implementation of the 
        capabilities in the integrated personnel and pay system of the 
        Army will result in changes to the capabilities and services to 
        be provided by the Defense Finance and Accounting Services, 
        including an estimate of cost savings and manpower savings 
        resulting from elimination of duplicative functions.
            (4) A description of alternative program approaches that 
        could reduce the overall cost of development and deployment for 
        the integrated personnel and pay system of the Army without 
        delaying the current program schedule by more than six months.

[[Page 129 STAT. 778]]

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 231. STREAMLINING THE JOINT FEDERATED ASSURANCE CENTER.

    Section 937(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``, in coordination 
        with the Center for Assured Software of the National Security 
        Agency,''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``, in coordination 
        with the Defense Microelectronics Activity,''.
SEC. 232. DEMONSTRATION OF PERSISTENT CLOSE AIR SUPPORT 
                        CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Joint Demonstration Required.--Subject to the availability of 
funds, the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of the Army, and 
the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency may 
jointly conduct a demonstration of the persistent close air support 
capability during fiscal year 2016.
    (b) Parameters of Demonstration.--
            (1) Selection and equipment of aircraft.--If the 
        demonstration under subsection (a) is conducted, the Secretary 
        of the Air Force shall select and equip at least two aircraft 
        for use in the demonstration that the Secretary otherwise 
        intends to use for close air support.
            (2) Close air support operations.--If the demonstration 
        under subsection (a) is conducted, the demonstration shall 
        include close air support operations that involve the following:
                    (A) Multiple tactical radio networks representing 
                diverse ground force user communities.
                    (B) Two-way digital exchanges of situational 
                awareness data, video, and calls for fire between 
                aircraft and ground users without modification to 
                aircraft operational flight profiles.
                    (C) Real-time sharing of blue force, aircraft, and 
                target location data to reduce risks of fratricide.
                    (D) Lightweight digital tools based on commercial-
                off-the-shelf technology for pilots and joint tactical 
                air controllers.
                    (E) Operations in simple and complex operating 
                environments.

    (c) Assessment.--If the demonstration under subsection (a) is 
conducted, the Secretary of the Air Force, the Secretary of the Army, 
and the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency shall 
jointly--
            (1) assess the effect of the capabilities demonstrated as 
        part of the demonstration required by subsection (a) on--
                    (A) the time required to conduct close air support 
                operations;
                    (B) the effectiveness of blue force in achieving 
                tactical objectives; and
                    (C) the risk of fratricide and collateral damage;
            (2) estimate the costs that would be incurred in 
        transitioning the technology used in the persistent close air 
        support capability to the Army and the Air Force; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 779]]

            (3) provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the results of the demonstration, the assessment 
        under paragraph (1), and the cost estimates under paragraph (2) 
        by December 1, 2016.
SEC. 233. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2362 note.>> STRATEGIES FOR ENGAGEMENT 
                        WITH HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND 
                        UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY-SERVING 
                        INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

    (a) Basic Research Entities.--
            (1) Strategy.--The heads of each basic research entity shall 
        each develop a strategy for how to engage with and support the 
        development of scientific, technical, engineering, and 
        mathematics capabilities of covered educational institutions in 
        carrying out section 2362 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Elements.--Each strategy under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) Goals and vision for maintaining a credible and 
                sustainable program relating to the engagement and 
                support under the strategy.
                    (B) Metrics to enhance scientific, technical, 
                engineering, and mathematics capabilities at covered 
                educational institutions, including with respect to 
                measuring progress toward increasing the success of such 
                institutions to compete for broader research funding 
                sources other than set-aside funds.
                    (C) Promotion of mentoring opportunities between 
                covered educational institutions and other research 
                institutions.
                    (D) Regular assessment of activities that are used 
                to develop, maintain, and grow scientific, technical, 
                engineering, and mathematics capabilities.
                    (E) Inclusion of faculty of covered educational 
                institutions into program reviews, peer reviews, and 
                other similar activities.
                    (F) Targeting of undergraduate, graduate, and 
                postgraduate students at covered educational 
                institutions for inclusion into research or internship 
                opportunities within the military department.

    (b) Office of the Secretary.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
and implement a strategy for how to engage with and support the 
development of scientific, technical, engineering, and mathematics 
capabilities of covered educational institutions pursuant to the 
strategies developed under subsection (a).
    (c) Submission.--
            (1) Basic research entities.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the heads of each basic 
        research entity shall each submit to the congressional defense 
        committees the strategy developed by the head under subsection 
        (a)(1).
            (2) Office of the secretary.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
        strategy developed under subsection (b).

    (d) Covered Institution Defined.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``basic research entity'' means an entity of 
        the Department of Defense that executes research, development, 
        test, and evaluation budget activity 1 funding, as

[[Page 129 STAT. 780]]

        described in the Department of Defense Financial Management 
        Regulation.
            (2) The term ``covered educational institution'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 2362(e) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
SEC. 234. REPORT ON COMMERCIAL-OFF-THE-SHELF WIDE-AREA 
                        SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS FOR ARMY TACTICAL 
                        UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that contains the findings of a market 
survey and assessment of commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance 
sensors operationally suitable for insertion into the tactical unmanned 
aerial systems of the Army.
    (b) Elements.--The market survey and assessment contained in the 
report under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) specific details regarding the capabilities of current 
        and commercial-off-the-shelf wide-area surveillance sensors that 
        are, or could be, used on tactical unmanned aerial systems of 
        the Army, including--
                    (A) daytime and nighttime monitoring coverage;
                    (B) video resolution outputs;
                    (C) bandwidth requirements;
                    (D) activity-based intelligence and forensic 
                capabilities;
                    (E) simultaneous region of interest monitoring 
                capability;
                    (F) interoperability with other sensors and 
                subsystems currently used on such tactical unmanned 
                aerial systems;
                    (G) sensor weight;
                    (H) sensor cost;
                    (I) frame rates;
                    (J) on-board processing capabilities; and
                    (K) any other factors the Secretary considers 
                relevant;
            (2) an assessment of the effect on such tactical unmanned 
        aerial systems due to the insertion of commercial-off-the-shelf 
        wide-area surveillance sensors; and
            (3) recommendations on the advisability and feasibility to 
        upgrade or enhance wide-area surveillance sensors of such 
        tactical unmanned aerial systems, as considered appropriate by 
        the Secretary.

    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) may contain a classified 
annex.
SEC. 235. REPORT ON TACTICAL COMBAT TRAINING SYSTEM INCREMENT II.

    (a) Report.--Not later than January 29, 2016, the Secretary of the 
Navy and the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the baseline and 
alternatives to the Tactical Air Combat Training System (TCTS) Increment 
II of the Navy.
    (b) Contents.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) An explanation of the rationale for a new start TCTS II 
        program as compared to an incremental upgrade to the existing 
        TCTS system.

[[Page 129 STAT. 781]]

            (2) An estimate of total cost to develop, procure, and 
        replace the existing Department of the Navy TCTS architecture 
        with an encrypted TCTS II compared to upgrades to existing TCTS.
            (3) A cost estimate and schedule comparison of achieving 
        encryption requirements into the existing TCTS program as 
        compared to TCTS II.
            (4) A review of joint Department of the Air Force and the 
        Department of the Navy investment in live-virtual-constructive 
        advanced air combat training and planned timeline for inclusion 
        into TCTS II architecture.
            (5) A cost estimate to integrate F-35 aircraft with TCTS II 
        and achieve interoperability between the Department of the Navy 
        and Department of the Air Force.
            (6) A cost estimate for coalition partners to achieve TCTS 
        II interoperability within the Department of Defense.
            (7) An assessment of risks posed by non-interoperable TCTS 
        systems within the Department of the Navy and the Department of 
        the Air Force.
            (8) An explanation of the acquisition strategy for the TCTS 
        program.
            (9) An explanation of key performance parameters for the 
        TCTS II program.
            (10) Any other information the Secretary of the Navy and 
        Secretary of the Air Force determine is appropriate to include.
SEC. 236. REPORT ON TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVELS OF THE 
                        TECHNOLOGIES AND CAPABILITIES CRITICAL TO 
                        THE LONG-RANGE STRIKE BOMBER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the technology readiness 
levels of the technologies and capabilities critical to the long-range 
strike bomber aircraft.
    (b) Review by Comptroller General of the United States.--Not later 
than 60 days after the report of the Secretary is submitted under 
subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
review the report and submit to the congressional defense committees an 
assessment of the matters contained in the report.
SEC. 237. ASSESSMENT OF AIR-LAND MOBILE TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS 
                        AND DATA NETWORK REQUIREMENTS AND 
                        CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation shall seek to enter into a contract with a federally 
funded research and development center to conduct a comprehensive 
assessment of current and future requirements and capabilities of the 
Army with respect to air-land ad hoc, mobile tactical communications and 
data networks, including the technological feasibility, suitability, and 
survivability of such networks.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) Concepts, capabilities, and capacities of current or 
        future communications and data network systems to meet the 
        requirements of current or future tactical operations 
        effectively, efficiently, and affordably.
            (2) Software requirements and capabilities, particularly 
        with respect to communications and data network waveforms.

[[Page 129 STAT. 782]]

            (3) Hardware requirements and capabilities, particularly 
        with respect to receiver and transmission technology, tactical 
        communications, and data radios at all levels and on all 
        platforms, all associated technologies, and their integration, 
        compatibility, and interoperability.
            (4) Any other matters relevant or necessary for a 
        comprehensive assessment of tactical networks or networking in 
        the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (Increments 1 and 
        2).

    (c) Independent Entity.--The Director shall select a federally 
funded research and development center with direct, long-standing, and 
demonstrated experience and expertise in program test and evaluation of 
concepts, requirements, and technologies for joint tactical 
communications and data networking to perform the assessment under 
subsection (a).
    (d) Report Required.--Not later than April 30, 2016, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense commitments a 
report including the findings and recommendations of the assessment 
conducted under subsection (a), together with the separate comments of 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Army.
SEC. 238. STUDY OF FIELD FAILURES INVOLVING COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONIC 
                        PARTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a hardware 
assurance study to assess the presence, scope, and effect on Department 
of Defense operations of counterfeit electronic parts that have passed 
through the supply chain of the Department and into fielded systems.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) The technical analysis conducted under paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (c).
            (2) The report on the technical assessment submitted under 
        paragraph (3)(B) of subsection (c).
            (3) Recommendations for such legislative and administrative 
        action, including budget requirements, as the Secretary 
        considers necessary to conduct sampling and technical hardware 
        analyses of counterfeit parts in identified areas of high 
        concern.

    (c) Execution and Technical Analysis.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall direct the executive 
        agent for printed circuit board technology designated under 
        section 256(a) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
        U.S.C. 2501 note) to coordinate the execution of the study under 
        subsection (a) using capabilities of the Department in effect on 
        the day before the date of the enactment of this Act to conduct 
        a technical analysis on a sample of failed electronic parts in 
        fielded systems.
            (2) Elements.--The technical analysis required by paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) The selection of a representative sample of 
                electronic component types, including digital, mixed-
                signal, and analog integrated circuits.

[[Page 129 STAT. 783]]

                    (B) An assessment of the presence of counterfeit 
                parts, including causes and attributes of failures of 
                any identified counterfeit part.
                    (C) For components found to have counterfeit parts, 
                an assessment of the effect of the counterfeit part in 
                the failure mechanism.
                    (D) For cases with counterfeit parts contributing to 
                the failure, a determination of the failure attributes, 
                factors, and effects on subsystem and system level 
                reliability, readiness, and performance.
            (3) Technical assessment.--For any parts assessed under 
        paragraph (2) that demonstrate unusual or suspicious failure 
        mechanisms, the federation established under section 937(a)(1) 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
        (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) shall--
                    (A) conduct a technical assessment for indications 
                of malicious tampering; and
                    (B) submit to the executive agent described in 
                paragraph (1) a report on the findings of the federation 
                with respect to the technical assessment.

    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 540 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the study carried 
        out under subsection (a).
            (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The findings of the Secretary with respect to 
                the study conducted under subsection (a).
                    (B) The recommendations developed under subsection 
                (b)(3).
SEC. 239. AIRBORNE DATA LINK PLAN.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff shall jointly, in consultation with the Secretary of the Navy and 
the Secretary of the Air Force, develop a plan--
            (1) to provide objective survivable communications gateways 
        to enable--
                    (A) the secure dissemination of national and 
                tactical intelligence information to fourth-generation 
                fighter aircraft and supporting airborne platforms and 
                to low-observable penetrating platforms such as the F-22 
                and F-35 aircraft; and
                    (B) the secure reception and dissemination of sensor 
                data from low-observable penetrating aircraft, such as 
                the F-22 and F-35 aircraft;
            (2) to provide secure data sharing between the fifth-
        generation fighter aircraft of the Navy, the Air Force, and the 
        Marine Corps, with minimal changes to the outer surfaces of the 
        aircraft and to aircraft operational flight programs; and
            (3) to enable secure data sharing between fifth-generation 
        and fourth-generation aircraft in jamming environments.

    (b) Additional Plan Requirements.--The plan under subsection (a) 
shall include non-proprietary and open systems approaches that are 
compatible with the rapid capabilities office

[[Page 129 STAT. 784]]

open mission systems initiative of the Air Force and the future airborne 
capability environment initiative of the Navy.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2016, the Under Secretary 
and the Vice Chairman shall jointly provide to the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
Services of the Senate a briefing on the plan under subsection (a).
SEC. 240. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>> PLAN FOR ADVANCED WEAPONS 
                        TECHNOLOGY WAR GAMES.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall develop and implement a 
plan for integrating advanced weapons and offset technologies into 
exercises carried out individually and jointly by the military 
departments to improve the development and experimentation of various 
concepts for employment by the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) Identification of specific exercises to be carried out 
        individually or jointly by the military departments under the 
        plan.
            (2) Identification of emerging advanced weapons and offset 
        technologies based on joint and individual recommendations of 
        the military departments, including with respect to directed-
        energy weapons, hypersonic strike systems, autonomous systems, 
        or other technologies as determined by the Secretary.
            (3) A schedule for integrating either prototype capabilities 
        or table-top exercises into relevant exercises.
            (4) A method for capturing lessons learned and providing 
        feedback both to the developers of the advanced weapons and 
        offset technology and the military departments.

    (c) Submission.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
containing the plan under subsection (a) and a status update on the 
implementation of such plan.
SEC. 241. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF F135 ENGINE PROGRAM.

    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into a 
contract with a federally funded research and development center to 
conduct an assessment of the F135 engine program.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) An assessment of the reliability, growth, and cost-
        reduction efforts with respect to the F135 engine program, 
        including--
                    (A) a detailed description of the reliability and 
                cost history of the engine;
                    (B) the identification of key reliability and cost 
                challenges to the program as of the date of the 
                assessment; and
                    (C) the identification of any potential options for 
                addressing such challenges.
            (2) In accordance with subsection (c), a thorough assessment 
        of the incident on June 23, 2014, consisting of an F135 engine 
        failure and subsequent fire, including--
                    (A) the identification and definition of the root 
                cause of the incident;

[[Page 129 STAT. 785]]

                    (B) the identification of potential actions or 
                design changes needed to address such root cause; and
                    (C) the associated cost, schedule, and performance 
                implications of such incident to both the F135 engine 
                program and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.

    (c) Conduct of Assessment.--The federally funded research and 
development center selected to conduct the assessment under subsection 
(a) shall carry out subsection (b)(2) by analyzing data collected by the 
F-35 Joint Program Office, other elements of the Federal Government, or 
contractors. Nothing in this section may be construed as affecting the 
plans of the Secretary to dispose of the aircraft involved in the 
incident described in such subsection (b)(2).
    (d) Report.--Not later than March 15, 2016, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing the 
assessment conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 242. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS 
                        INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR F-35 LIGHTNING II 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Comptroller General 
of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the autonomic logistics information system for 
the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include, at a 
minimum, the following:
            (1) The fielding status, in terms of units equipped with 
        various software and hardware configurations, for the autonomic 
        logistics information system element of the F-35 Lightning II 
        aircraft program, as of the date of the report.
            (2) The development schedule for upgrades to the autonomic 
        logistics information system, and an assessment of the ability 
        of the F-35 Lightning II aircraft program to maintain such 
        schedule.
            (3) The views of maintenance personnel and other personnel 
        involved in operating and maintaining F-35 Lightning II aircraft 
        in testing and operational units.
            (4) The effect of the autonomic logistics information system 
        program on the operational availability of the F-35 Lightning II 
        aircraft program.
            (5) Improvements, if any, regarding the time required for 
        maintenance personnel to input data and use the autonomic 
        logistics information system.
            (6) The ability of the autonomic logistics information 
        system to be deployed on both ships and to forward land-based 
        locations, including any limitations of such a deployable 
        version.
            (7) The cost estimates for development and fielding of the 
        autonomic logistics information system program and an assessment 
        of the capability of the program to address performance problems 
        within the planned resources.
            (8) Other matters regarding the autonomic logistics 
        information system that the Comptroller General determines of 
        critical importance to the long-term viability of the system.
SEC. 243. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING FACILITATION OF A HIGH 
                        QUALITY TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense should 
explore using existing authorities for promoting science, technology,

[[Page 129 STAT. 786]]

engineering, and mathematics programs, such as under section 233 of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note), to 
allow laboratories of the Department of Defense and federally funded 
research and development centers to help facilitate and shape a high 
quality scientific and technical future workforce that can support the 
needs of the Department.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.
Sec. 312. Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas.
Sec. 313. Modification of energy management reporting requirements.
Sec. 314. Revision to scope of statutorily required review of projects 
           relating to potential obstructions to aviation so as to apply 
           only to energy projects.
Sec. 315. Exclusions from definition of ``chemical substance'' under 
           Toxic Substances Control Act.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 322. Repeal of limitation on authority to enter into a contract for 
           the sustainment, maintenance, repair, or overhaul of the F117 
           engine.
Sec. 323. Pilot programs for availability of working-capital funds for 
           product improvements.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Modification of annual report on prepositioned materiel and 
           equipment.
Sec. 332. Report on merger of Office of Assistant Secretary for 
           Operational Energy Plans and Deputy Under Secretary for 
           Installations and Environment.
Sec. 333. Report on equipment purchased noncompetitively from foreign 
           entities.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Prohibition on contracts making payments for honoring members 
           of the Armed Forces at sporting events.
Sec. 342. Military animals: transfer and adoption.
Sec. 343. Temporary authority to extend contracts and leases under the 
           ARMS Initiative.
Sec. 344. Improvements to Department of Defense excess property 
           disposal.
Sec. 345. Limitation on use of funds for Department of Defense 
           sponsorships, advertising, or marketing associated with 
           sports-related organizations or sporting events.
Sec. 346. Reduction in amounts available for Department of Defense 
           headquarters, administrative, and support activities.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

[[Page 129 STAT. 787]]

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF DROP-IN FUELS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter II of chapter 173 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2922h. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2922h.>> Limitation on procurement of 
                    drop-in fuels

    ``(a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense may not make a bulk purchase of a drop-in fuel for 
operational purposes unless the fully burdened cost of that drop-in fuel 
is cost-competitive with the fully burdened cost of a traditional fuel 
available for the same purpose.
    ``(b) Waiver.--(1) Subject to the requirements of paragraph (2), the 
Secretary of Defense may waive the limitation under subsection (a) with 
respect to a purchase.
    ``(2) Not later than 30 days after issuing a waiver under this 
subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees notice of the waiver. Any such notice shall include each of 
the following:
            ``(A) The rationale of the Secretary for issuing the waiver.
            ``(B) A certification that the waiver is in the national 
        security interest of the United States.
            ``(C) The expected fully burdened cost of the purchase for 
        which the waiver is issued.

    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `drop-in fuel' means a neat or blended liquid 
        hydrocarbon fuel designed as a direct replacement for a 
        traditional fuel with comparable performance characteristics and 
        compatible with existing infrastructure and equipment.
            ``(2) The term `traditional fuel' means a liquid hydrocarbon 
        fuel derived or refined from petroleum.
            ``(3) The term `operational purposes'--
                    ``(A) means for the purposes of conducting military 
                operations, including training, exercises, large scale 
                demonstrations, and moving and sustaining military 
                forces and military platforms; and
                    ``(B) does not include research, development, 
                testing, evaluation, fuel certification, or other 
                demonstrations.
            ``(4) The term `fully burdened cost' means the commodity 
        price of the fuel plus the total cost of all personnel and 
        assets required to move and, when necessary, protect the fuel 
        from the point at which the fuel is received from the commercial 
        supplier to the point of use.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such subchapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2922 prec.>> amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 2922g the following new item:

``2922h. Limitation on procurement of drop-in fuels.''.

SEC. 312. SOUTHERN SEA OTTER MILITARY READINESS AREAS.

    (a) Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
Areas.--Chapter 631 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

[[Page 129 STAT. 788]]

``Sec. 7235. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7235.>> Establishment of the Southern 
                  Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Navy shall establish 
areas, to be known as `Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas', for 
national defense purposes. Such areas shall include each of the 
following:
            ``(1) The area that includes Naval Base Ventura County, San 
        Nicolas Island, and Begg Rock and the adjacent and surrounding 
        waters within the following coordinates:


 
                       ``N. Latitude/W. Longitude
 
                    3327.8'/11934.3'
                    3320.5'/11915.5'
                    3313.5'/11911.8'
                    3306.5'/11915.3'
                    3302.8'/11926.8'
                    3308.8'/11946.3'
                    3317.2'/11956.9'
                   3330.9'/11954.2'.
 


            ``(2) The area that includes Naval Base Coronado, San 
        Clemente Island and the adjacent and surrounding waters running 
        parallel to shore to 3 nautical miles from the high tide line 
        designated by part 165 of title 33, Code of Federal Regulations, 
        on May 20, 2010, as the San Clemente Island 3NM Safety Zone.

    ``(b) Activities Within the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
Areas.--
            ``(1) Incidental takings under endangered species act of 
        1973.--Sections 4 and 9 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 
        (16 U.S.C. 1533, 1538) shall not apply with respect to the 
        incidental taking of any southern sea otter in the Southern Sea 
        Otter Military Readiness Areas in the course of conducting a 
        military readiness activity.
            ``(2) Incidental takings under marine mammal protection act 
        of 1972.--Sections 101 and 102 of the Marine Mammal Protection 
        Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1371, 1372) shall not apply with respect 
        to the incidental taking of any southern sea otter in the 
        Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas in the course of 
        conducting a military readiness activity.
            ``(3) Treatment as species proposed to be listed.--For 
        purposes of conducting a military readiness activity, any 
        southern sea otter while within the Southern Sea Otter Military 
        Readiness Areas shall be treated for the purposes of section 7 
        of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) as a 
        member of a species that is proposed to be listed as an 
        endangered species or a threatened species under section 4 of 
        the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1533).

    ``(c) Removal.--Nothing in this section or any other Federal law 
shall be construed to require that any southern sea otter located within 
the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas be removed from the 
Areas.
    ``(d) Revision or Termination of Exceptions.--The Secretary of the 
Interior may revise or terminate the application of subsection

[[Page 129 STAT. 789]]

(b) if the Secretary of the Interior, in consultation with the Secretary 
of the Navy, determines that military activities occurring in the 
Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness Areas are impeding the southern 
sea otter conservation or the return of southern sea otters to optimum 
sustainable population levels.
    ``(e) Monitoring.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct 
        monitoring and research within the Southern Sea Otter Military 
        Readiness Areas to determine the effects of military readiness 
        activities on the growth or decline of the southern sea otter 
        population and on the near-shore ecosystem. Monitoring and 
        research parameters and methods shall be determined in 
        consultation with the Service.
            ``(2) Reports.--Not later than 24 months after the date of 
        the enactment of this section and every three years thereafter, 
        the Secretary of the Navy shall report to Congress and the 
        public on monitoring undertaken pursuant to paragraph (1).

    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Southern sea otter.--The term `southern sea otter' 
        means any member of the subspecies Enhydra lutris nereis.
            ``(2) Take.--The term `take'--
                    ``(A) when used in reference to activities subject 
                to regulation by the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 
                U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), shall have the meaning given such 
                term in that Act; and
                    ``(B) when used in reference to activities subject 
                to regulation by the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 
                1972 (16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.) shall have the meaning 
                given such term in that Act.
            ``(3) Incidental taking.--The term `incidental taking' means 
        any take of a southern sea otter that is incidental to, and not 
        the purpose of, the carrying out of an otherwise lawful 
        activity.
            ``(4) Military readiness activity.--The term `military 
        readiness activity' has the meaning given that term in section 
        315(f) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2003 (16 U.S.C. 703 note) and includes all training 
        and operations of the armed forces that relate to combat and the 
        adequate and realistic testing of military equipment, vehicles, 
        weapons, and sensors for proper operation and suitability for 
        combat use.
            ``(5) Optimum sustainable population.--The term `optimum 
        sustainable population' means, with respect to any population 
        stock, the number of animals that will result in the maximum 
        productivity of the population or the species, keeping in mind 
        the carrying capacity of the habitat and the health of the 
        ecosystem of which they form a constituent element.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 7201 prec.>> amended by adding at the end 
the following new item:

``7235. Establishment of the Southern Sea Otter Military Readiness 
           Areas.''.

SEC. 313. MODIFICATION OF ENERGY MANAGEMENT REPORTING 
                        REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 129 STAT. 790]]

            (1) by striking paragraphs (4) and (7);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (8), (9), (10), 
        (11), and (12) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), and 
        (10), respectively;
            (3) by amending paragraph (7), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2) of this section, to read as follows:
            ``(7) A description and estimate of the progress made by the 
        military departments in meeting current high performance and 
        sustainable building standards under the Unified Facilities 
        Criteria.'';
            (4) by amending paragraph (9), as redesignated by such 
        paragraph (2), to read as follows:
            ``(9) Details of all commercial utility outages caused by 
        threats and those caused by hazards at military installations 
        that last eight hours or longer, whether or not the outage was 
        mitigated by backup power, including non-commercial utility 
        outages and Department of Defense-owned infrastructure, 
        including the total number and location of outages, the 
        financial impact of the outages, and measure taken to mitigate 
        outages in the future at the affected locations and across the 
        Department of Defense.''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(11) At the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, a 
        classified annex, as appropriate.''.
SEC. 314. REVISION TO SCOPE OF STATUTORILY REQUIRED REVIEW OF 
                        PROJECTS RELATING TO POTENTIAL 
                        OBSTRUCTIONS TO AVIATION SO AS TO APPLY 
                        ONLY TO ENERGY PROJECTS.

    (a) Scope of Section.--Section 358 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 
Stat. 4198; 49 U.S.C. 44718 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``from State and local 
        officials or the developer of a renewable energy development or 
        other energy project'' and inserting ``from a State government, 
        an Indian tribal government, a local government, a landowner, or 
        the developer of an energy project'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(4), by striking ``readiness, and'' and 
        all that follows and inserting ``readiness and to clearly 
        communicate to such parties actions being taken by the 
        Department of Defense under this section.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(2)(B), by striking ``as high, medium, 
        or low'';
            (4) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (k); and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (i) the following new 
        subsection (j):

    ``(j) Applicability of Section.--This section does not apply to a 
non-energy project.''.
    (b) Definitions.--Subsection (k) of such section, as redesignated by 
paragraph (4) of subsection (a), is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
            ``(4) The term `energy project' means a project that 
        provides for the generation or transmission of electrical 
        energy.
            ``(5) The term `non-energy project' means a project that is 
        not an energy project.

[[Page 129 STAT. 791]]

            ``(6) The term `landowner' means a person or other legal 
        entity that owns a fee interest in real property on which a 
        proposed energy project is planned to be located.''.
SEC. 315. EXCLUSIONS FROM DEFINITION OF ``CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE'' 
                        UNDER TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT.

    Section 3(2)(B)(v) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 
2602(2)(B)(v)) is amended by striking ``, and'' and inserting ``and any 
component of such an article (limited to shot shells, cartridges, and 
components of shot shells and cartridges), and''.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 322. REPEAL OF LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY TO ENTER INTO A 
                        CONTRACT FOR THE SUSTAINMENT, MAINTENANCE, 
                        REPAIR, OR OVERHAUL OF THE F117 ENGINE.

    Section 341 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
Stat. 3345) is repealed.
SEC. 323. PILOT PROGRAMS FOR AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS 
                        FOR PRODUCT IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) Pilot Programs Required.--During fiscal year 2016, each of the 
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and 
Technology, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, 
Development, and Acquisition, and the Assistant Secretary of the Air 
Force for Acquisition shall initiate a pilot program pursuant to section 
330 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
(Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 68), as amended by section 332 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-
239; 126 Stat. 1697).
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--A minimum of $5,000,000 of 
working-capital funds shall be used for each of the pilot programs 
initiated under subsection (a) for fiscal year 2016.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 331. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL 
                        AND EQUIPMENT.

    Section 2229a(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(8) A list of any equipment used in support of contingency 
        operations slated for retrograde and subsequent inclusion in the 
        prepositioned stocks.''.
SEC. 332. REPORT ON MERGER OF OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR 
                        OPERATIONAL ENERGY PLANS AND DEPUTY UNDER 
                        SECRETARY FOR INSTALLATIONS AND 
                        ENVIRONMENT.

    The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report on the 
merger of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Operational Energy Plans and the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of 
Defense for Installations and Environment under section 901 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
291; 128 Stat. 3462). Such report shall include--

[[Page 129 STAT. 792]]

            (1) a description of how the office is implementing its 
        responsibilities under sections 138(b)(9), 138(c), and 2925(b) 
        of title 10, United States Code, and Department of Defense 
        Directives 5134.15 (Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Operational Energy Plans and Programs) and 4280.01 (Department 
        of Defense Energy Policy);
            (2) a description of any efficiencies achieved as a result 
        of the merger; and
            (3) the number of Department of Defense personnel whose 
        responsibilities are focused on energy matters specifically.
SEC. 333. REPORT ON EQUIPMENT PURCHASED NONCOMPETITIVELY FROM 
                        FOREIGN ENTITIES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 30, 2016, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
containing a list of each contract awarded to a foreign entity outside 
of the national technology and industrial base, as described in section 
2505(c) of title 10, United States Code, by the Department of Defense 
during fiscal years 2011 through 2015--
            (1) using procedures other than competitive procedures; and
            (2) for the procurement of equipment, weapons, weapons 
        systems, components, subcomponents, or end-items with a value of 
        $10,000,000 or more.

    (b) Elements of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include, for each contract listed, each of the following:
            (1) An identification of the items purchased under the 
        contract--
                    (A) described in section 8302(a)(1) of title 41, 
                United States Code, and purchased from a foreign 
                manufacturer by reason of an exception under section 
                8302(a)(2)(A) or section 8302(a)(2)(B) of such title;
                    (B) described in section 2533b(a)(1) of title 10, 
                United States Code, and purchased from a foreign 
                manufacturer by reason of an exception under section 
                2533b(b); and
                    (C) described in section 2534(a) of such title and 
                purchased from a foreign manufacturer by reason of a 
                waiver exercised under paragraph (1), (2), (4), or (5) 
                of section 2534(d) of such title.
            (2) The rationale for using the exception or waiver.
            (3) A list of potential alternative manufacturing sources 
        from the public and private sector that could be developed to 
        establish competition for those items.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 341. PROHIBITION ON CONTRACTS MAKING PAYMENTS FOR HONORING 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AT SPORTING 
                        EVENTS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2241a the following 
new section:

[[Page 129 STAT. 793]]

``Sec. 2241b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2241b.>> Prohibition on contracts 
                    providing payments for activities at sporting 
                    events to honor members of the armed forces

    ``(a) Prohibition.--The Department of Defense may not enter into any 
contract or other agreement under which payments are to be made in 
exchange for activities by the contractor intended to honor, or giving 
the appearance of honoring, members of the armed forces (whether members 
of the regular components or the reserve components) at any form of 
sporting event.
    ``(b) Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a) shall be construed as 
prohibiting the Department of Defense from taking actions to facilitate 
activities intended to honor members of the armed forces at sporting 
events that are provided on a pro bono basis or otherwise funded with 
non-Federal funds if such activities are provided and received in 
accordance with applicable rules and regulations regarding the 
acceptance of gifts by the military departments, the armed forces, and 
members of the armed forces.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, United States Code, 
is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2241 prec.>> amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2241a the following new item:

``2241b. Prohibition on contracts providing payments for activities at 
           sporting events to honor members of the armed forces.''.

SEC. 342. MILITARY ANIMALS: TRANSFER AND ADOPTION.

    (a) Availability for Adoption.--Section 2583(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``may'' in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1) and inserting ``shall''.
    (b) Authorized Recipients.--Subsection (c) of section 2583 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Authorized Recipients.--(1) A military animal shall be made 
available for adoption under this section, in order of recommended 
priority--
            ``(A) by former handlers of the animal;
            ``(B) by other persons capable of humanely caring for the 
        animal; and
            ``(C) by law enforcement agencies.

    ``(2) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that an adoption is justified under subsection (a)(2) under 
circumstances under which the handler of a military working dog is 
wounded in action, the dog shall be made available for adoption only by 
the handler. If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that such an adoption is justified under circumstances under 
which the handler of a military working dog is killed in action or dies 
of wounds received in action, the military working dog shall be made 
available for adoption only by a parent, child, spouse, or sibling of 
the deceased handler.''.
    (c) Transfer for Adoption.--Subsection (f) of section 2583 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
by striking ``may transfer'' and inserting ``shall transfer''.
    (d) Location of Retirement.--Subsection (f) of such section is 
further amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B), respectively;
            (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``If the Secretary'';

[[Page 129 STAT. 794]]

            (3) in paragraph (1), as designated by paragraph (2) of this 
        subsection--
                    (A) by striking ``, and no suitable adoption is 
                available at the military facility where the dog is 
                located,''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), as designated by paragraph 
                (1) of this subsection, by inserting ``within the United 
                States'' after ``to another location''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):

    ``(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply if at the time of retirement--
            ``(A) the dog is located outside the United States and a 
        United States citizen or service member living abroad adopts the 
        dog; or
            ``(B) the dog is located within the United States and 
        suitable adoption is available where the dog is located.''.

    (e) Preference in Adoption for Former Handlers.--Such section is 
further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection (g):

    ``(g) Preference in Adoption of Retired Military Working Dogs for 
Former Handlers.--(1) In providing for the adoption under this section 
of a retired military working dog described in paragraph (1) or (3) of 
subsection (a), the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
accord a preference to the former handler of the dog unless the 
Secretary determines that adoption of the dog by the former handler 
would not be in the best interests of the dog.
    ``(2) In the case of a dog covered by paragraph (1) with more than 
one former handler seeking adoption of the dog at the time of adoption, 
the Secretary shall provide for the adoption of the dog by such former 
handler whose adoption of the dog will best serve the interests of the 
dog and such former handlers. The Secretary shall make any determination 
required by this paragraph with respect to a dog following consultation 
with the kennel master of the unit at which the dog was last located 
before adoption under this section.
    ``(3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as altering, 
revising, or overriding any policy of a military department for the 
adoption of military working dogs by law enforcement agencies before the 
end of the dogs' useful lives.''.
SEC. 343. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4554 note.>> TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO 
                        EXTEND CONTRACTS AND LEASES UNDER THE ARMS 
                        INITIATIVE.

    Contracts or subcontracts entered into pursuant to section 
4554(a)(3)(A) of title 10, United States Code, on or before the date 
that is five years after the date of the enactment of this Act may 
include an option to extend the term of the contract or subcontract for 
an additional 25 years.
SEC. 344. IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY 
                        DISPOSAL.

    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than March 15, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for 
the improved management and oversight of the systems, processes, and 
controls involved in the disposition of excess non-mission essential 
equipment and materiel by the Defense Logistics Agency Disposition 
Services.

[[Page 129 STAT. 795]]

    (b) Contents of Plan.--At a minimum, the plan shall address each of 
the following:
            (1) Backlogs of unprocessed property at disposition sites 
        that do not meet Defense Logistics Agency Disposition Services 
        goals.
            (2) Customer wait times.
            (3) Procedures governing the disposal of serviceable items 
        in order to prevent the destruction of excess property eligible 
        for utilization, transfer, or donation before potential 
        recipients are able to view and obtain the property.
            (4) Validation of materiel release orders.
            (5) Assuring adequate physical security for the storage of 
        equipment.
            (6) The number of personnel required to effectively manage 
        retrograde sort yards.
            (7) Managing any potential increase in the amount of excess 
        property to be processed.
            (8) Improving the reliability of Defense Logistics Agency 
        Disposition Services data.
            (9) Procedures for ensuring no property is offered for 
        public sale until all requirements for utilization, transfer, 
        and donation are met.
            (10) Validation of physical inventory against database 
        entries.

    (c) Congressional Briefing.--By not later than March 15, 2016, the 
Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing on the actions taken to implement the plan required under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 345. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        SPONSORSHIPS, ADVERTISING, OR MARKETING 
                        ASSOCIATED WITH SPORTS-RELATED 
                        ORGANIZATIONS OR SPORTING EVENTS.

    Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department of 
Defense by this Act or otherwise made available to the Department for 
sponsorship, advertising, or marketing associated with sports-related 
organizations or sporting events, not more than 75 percent may be 
obligated or expended until the date on which the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Personnel and Readiness, in consultation with the Director 
of Accessions Policy--
            (1) conducts a review of current contracts and task orders 
        for such sponsorships, advertising, and marketing (as awarded by 
        the regular and reserve components of the Armed Forces) in order 
        to assess--
                    (A) whether such sponsorships, advertising, and 
                marketing are effective in meeting the recruiting 
                objectives of the Department;
                    (B) whether consistent metrics are used to evaluate 
                the effectiveness of each such activity in generating 
                leads and recruit accessions; and
                    (C) whether the return on investment for such 
                activities is sufficient to warrant the continuing use 
                of Department funds for such activities; and
            (2) submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report that includes--

[[Page 129 STAT. 796]]

                    (A) a description of the actions being taken to 
                coordinate efforts of the Department relating to such 
                sponsorships, advertising, and marketing, and to 
                minimize duplicative contracts for such sponsorships, 
                advertising, and marketing, as applicable; and
                    (B) the results of the review required by paragraph 
                (1), including an assessment of the extent to which the 
                continuing use of Department funds for such 
                sponsorships, advertising, and marketing is warranted in 
                light of the review and the actions described pursuant 
                to subparagraph (A).
SEC. 346. <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 note.>> REDUCTION IN AMOUNTS 
                        AVAILABLE FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        HEADQUARTERS, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND SUPPORT 
                        ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Plan for Achievement of Cost Savings.--
            (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 120 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall implement a plan to ensure that the Department of Defense 
        achieves not less than $10,000,000,000 in cost savings from the 
        headquarters, administrative, and support activities of the 
        Department during the period beginning with fiscal year 2015 and 
        ending with fiscal year 2019. The Secretary shall ensure that at 
        least one half of the required cost savings are programmed for 
        fiscal years before fiscal year 2018.
            (2) Treatment of savings pursuant to headquarters 
        reduction.--Documented savings achieved pursuant to the 
        headquarters reduction requirement in subsection (b), other than 
        savings achieved in fiscal year 2020, shall count toward the 
        cost savings required by paragraph (1).
            (3) Treatment of savings pursuant to management 
        activities.--Documented savings in the human resources 
        management, health care management, financial flow management, 
        information technology infrastructure and management, supply 
        chain and logistics, acquisition and procurement, and real 
        property management activities of the Department during the 
        period referred to in paragraph (1) may be counted toward the 
        cost savings required by paragraph (1).
            (4) Treatment of savings pursuant to force structure 
        revisions.--Savings or reductions to military force structure or 
        military operating units of the Armed Forces may not count 
        toward the cost savings required by paragraph (1).
            (5) Reports.--The Secretary shall include with the budget 
        for the Department of Defense for each of fiscal years 2017, 
        2018, and 2019, as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 
        1105 of title 31, United States Code, a report describing and 
        assessing the progress of the Department in implementing the 
        plan required by paragraph (1) and in achieving the cost savings 
        required by that paragraph.
            (6) Comptroller general assessments.--Not later than 90 days 
        after the submittal of each report required by paragraph (5), 
        the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
        assessment of the Comptroller General of the report and of the 
        extent to which the Department of Defense is in compliance with 
        the requirements of this section.

    (b) Headquarters Reductions.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 797]]

            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall modify 
        the headquarters reduction plan required by section 904 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public 
        Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 816; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) to ensure that it 
        achieves savings in the total funding available for major 
        Department of Defense headquarters activities by fiscal year 
        2020 that are not less than 25 percent of the baseline amount. 
        The modified plan shall establish a specific savings objective 
        for each major headquarters activity in each fiscal year through 
        fiscal year 2020. The budget for the Department of Defense for 
        each fiscal year after fiscal year 2016 shall reflect the 
        savings required by the modified plan.
            (2) Baseline amount.--For the purposes of this subsection, 
        the baseline amount is the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        by this Act for fiscal year 2016 for major Department of Defense 
        headquarters activities, adjusted by a credit for reductions in 
        such headquarters activities that are documented, as of the date 
        that is 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, as 
        having been accomplished in earlier fiscal years in accordance 
        with the December 2013 directive of the Secretary of Defense on 
        headquarters reductions. The modified plan issued pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include an overall baseline amount for all 
        of the major Department of Defense headquarters activities that 
        credits reductions accomplished in earlier fiscal years in 
        accordance with the December 2013 directive, and a specific 
        baseline amount for each such headquarters activity that credits 
        such reductions.
            (3) Major department of defense headquarters activities 
        defined.--In this subsection, the term ``major Department of 
        Defense headquarters activities'' means the following:
                    (A) Each of the following organizations:
                          (i) The Office of the Secretary of Defense and 
                      the Joint Staff.
                          (ii) The Office of the Secretary of the Army 
                      and the Army Staff.
                          (iii) The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, 
                      the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and 
                      Headquarters, Marine Corps.
                          (iv) The Office of the Secretary of the Air 
                      Force and the Air Staff.
                          (v) The Office of the Chief, National Guard 
                      Bureau, and the National Guard Joint Staff.
                    (B)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), 
                headquarters elements of each of the following:
                          (I) The combatant commands, the sub-unified 
                      commands, and subordinate commands that directly 
                      report to such commands.
                          (II) The major commands of the military 
                      departments and the subordinate commands that 
                      directly report to such commands.
                          (III) The component commands of the military 
                      departments.
                          (IV) The Defense Agencies, the Department of 
                      Defense field activities, and the Office of the 
                      Inspector General of the Department of Defense.

[[Page 129 STAT. 798]]

                          (V) Department of Defense components that 
                      report directly to the organizations specified in 
                      subparagraph (A).
                    (ii) Subordinate commands and direct-reporting 
                components otherwise described in clause (i) that do not 
                have significant functions other than operational, 
                operational intelligence, or tactical functions, or 
                training for operational, operational intelligence, or 
                tactical functions, are not headquarters elements for 
                purposes of this subsection.
            (4) Implementation.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise 
        applicable guidance on the Department of Defense major 
        headquarters activities as needed to--
                    (A) incorporate into such guidance the definition of 
                the term ``major Department of Defense headquarters 
                activities'' as provided in paragraph (3);
                    (B) ensure that the term ``headquarters element'', 
                as used in paragraph (3)(B), is consistently applied 
                within such guidance to include--
                          (i) senior leadership and staff functions of 
                      applicable commands and components; and
                          (ii) direct support to senior leadership and 
                      staff functions of applicable commands and 
                      components and to higher headquarters;
                    (C) ensure that the budget and accounting systems of 
                the Department of Defense are modified to track funding 
                for the major Department of Defense headquarters 
                activities as separate funding lines; and
                    (D) identify and address any deviation from the 
                specific savings objective established for a 
                headquarters activity in the modified plan issued by the 
                Secretary pursuant to the requirement in paragraph (1).

    (c) Comprehensive Review of Headquarters and Administrative and 
Support Activities.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
        comprehensive review of the management and operational 
        headquarters of the Department of Defense for purposes of 
        consolidating and streamlining headquarters functions and 
        administrative and support activities.
            (2) Elements.--The review required by paragraph (1) shall 
        address the following:
                    (A) The extent, if any, to which the staff of the 
                Secretaries of the military departments and the Chiefs 
                of Staff of the Armed Forces have duplicative staff 
                functions and services and could be consolidated into a 
                single service staff.
                    (B) The extent, if any, to which the staff of the 
                Office of the Secretary of Defense, the military 
                departments, the Defense Agencies, and temporary 
                organizations have duplicative staff functions and 
                services and could be streamlined with respect to--
                          (i) performing oversight and making policy;
                          (ii) performing staff functions and services 
                      specific to the military department concerned;
                          (iii) performing multi-department staff 
                      functions and services; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 799]]

                          (iv) performing functions and services across 
                      the Department of Defense with respect to 
                      intelligence collection and analysis.
                    (C) The extent, if any, to which the Joint Staff, 
                the combatant commands, and their subordinate service 
                component commands have duplicative staff functions and 
                services that could be shared, consolidated, eliminated, 
                or otherwise streamlined with--
                          (i) the Joint Staff performing oversight and 
                      execution;
                          (ii) the staff of the combatant commands 
                      performing only staff functions and services 
                      specific to the combatant command concerned; and
                          (iii) the staff of the service component 
                      commands of the combatant commands performing only 
                      staff functions and services specific to the 
                      service component command concerned.
                    (D) The extent, if any, to which reductions in 
                military and civilian end-strength in management or 
                operational headquarters could be used to create, build, 
                or fill shortages in force structure for operational 
                units.
                    (E) The extent, if any, to which revisions are 
                required to the Defense Officers Personnel Management 
                Act, including requirements for officers to serve in 
                joint billets, the number of qualifying billets, the 
                rank structure in the joint billets, and the joint 
                qualification requirement for officers to be promoted 
                while serving for extensive periods in critical 
                positions such as program managers of major defense 
                acquisition programs, and officers in units of component 
                forces supporting joint commands, in order to achieve 
                efficiencies, provide promotion fairness and equity, and 
                obtain effective governance in the management of the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (F) The structure and staffing of the Joint Staff, 
                and the number, structure, and staffing of the combatant 
                commands and their subordinate service component 
                commands, including, in particular--
                          (i) whether or not the staff organization of 
                      each such entity has documented and periodically 
                      validated requirements for such entity;
                          (ii) whether or not there are an appropriate 
                      number of combatant commands relative to the 
                      requirements of the National Security Strategy, 
                      the Quadrennial Defense Review, and the National 
                      Military Strategy; and
                          (iii) whether or not opportunities exist to 
                      consolidate staff functions and services common to 
                      the Joint Staff and the service component commands 
                      into a single staff organization that provides the 
                      required functions, services, capabilities, and 
                      capacities to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
                      Staff and supported combatant commanders, and if 
                      so--
                                    (I) where in the organizational 
                                structure such staff functions, 
                                services, capabilities, and capacities 
                                would be established; and
                                    (II) whether or not the military 
                                departments could execute such staff 
                                functions, services,

[[Page 129 STAT. 800]]

                                capabilities, and capacities while 
                                executing their requirements to 
                                organize, train, and equip the Armed 
                                Forces.
                    (G) The statutory and regulatory authority of the 
                combatant commands to establish subordinate joint 
                commands or headquarters, including joint task forces, 
                led by a general or flag officer, and the extent, if 
                any, to which the combatant commands have used such 
                authority--
                          (i) to establish temporary or permanent 
                      subordinate joint commands or headquarters, 
                      including joint task forces, led by general or 
                      flag officers;
                          (ii) to disestablish temporary or permanent 
                      subordinate joint commands or headquarters, 
                      including joint task forces, led by general or 
                      flag officers;
                          (iii) to increase requirements for general and 
                      flag officers in the joint pool which are exempt 
                      from the end strength limitations otherwise 
                      applicable to general and flag officers in the 
                      Armed Forces;
                          (iv) to participate in the management of joint 
                      officer qualification in order to ensure the 
                      efficient and effective quality and quantity of 
                      officers needed to staff headquarters functions 
                      and services and return to the services officers 
                      with required professional experience and skills 
                      necessary to remain competitive for increased 
                      responsibility and authority through subsequent 
                      assignment or promotion, including by 
                      identifying--
                                    (I) circumstances, if any, in which 
                                officers spend a disproportionate amount 
                                of time in their careers to attain joint 
                                officer qualifications with 
                                corresponding loss of opportunities to 
                                develop in the service-specific 
                                assignments needed to gain the increased 
                                proficiency and experience to qualify 
                                for service and command assignments; and
                                    (II) circumstances, if any, in which 
                                the military departments detail officers 
                                to joint headquarters staffs in order to 
                                maximize the number of officers 
                                receiving joint duty credit with a focus 
                                on the quantity, instead of the quality, 
                                of officers achieving joint duty credit;
                          (v) to establish commanders' strategic 
                      planning groups, advisory groups, or similar 
                      parallel personal staff entities that could risk 
                      isolating function and staff processes, including 
                      an assessment of the justification used to 
                      establish such personal staff organizations and 
                      their impact on the effectiveness and efficiency 
                      of organizational staff functions, services, 
                      capabilities, and capacities; and
                          (vi) to ensure the identification and 
                      management of officers serving or having served in 
                      units in subordinate service component or joint 
                      commands during combat operations and did not 
                      receive joint credit for such service.
            (3) Consultation.--The Secretary shall, to the extent 
        practicable and as the Secretary considers appropriate, conduct 
        the review required by paragraph (1) in consultation with such

[[Page 129 STAT. 801]]

        experts on matters covered by the review who are independent of 
        the Department of Defense.
            (4) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        setting forth the results of the review required by paragraph 
        (1).

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
           levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
           reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2016 limitation on number of non-dual status 
           technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.
Sec. 422. Report on force structure of the Army.

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2016, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 475,000.
            (2) The Navy, 329,200.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 184,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 320,715.
SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                        LEVELS.

    Section 691 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) through 
        (4) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 475,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 329,200.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 184,000.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 317,000.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``0.5 percent'' and 
        inserting ``2 percent''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 30, 
2016, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 342,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 198,000.

[[Page 129 STAT. 802]]

            (3) The Navy Reserve, 57,400.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,900.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 105,500.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,200.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.

    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
        unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent 
        at the end of the fiscal year.

    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members of 
the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from active 
duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for such fiscal 
year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component shall be 
increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
units and by the total number of such individual members.
SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
                        THE RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 2016, 
the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time active duty 
or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National Guard, for the 
purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,770.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 9,934.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,260.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 14,748.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,032.
SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2016 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        26,099.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 7,395.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 22,104.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 9,814.
SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2016 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
                        TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Limitations.--
            (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided in 
        section 10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, the number

[[Page 129 STAT. 803]]

        of non-dual status technicians employed by the National Guard as 
        of September 30, 2016, may not exceed the following:
                    (A) For the Army National Guard of the United 
                States, 1,600.
                    (B) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
                350.
            (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status technicians 
        employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 2016, may not 
        exceed 595.
            (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 
        30, 2016, may not exceed 90.

    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                        ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2016, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time on 
full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 for the use of the Armed Forces and 
other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, 
not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal year 
2016.
SEC. 422. REPORT ON FORCE STRUCTURE OF THE ARMY.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress 
a report containing the following:
            (1) An assessment by the Secretary of Defense of reports by 
        the Secretary of the Army on the force structure of the Army 
        submitted to Congress under section 1066 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
        Stat. 1943) and section 1062 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
        Stat. 3503).
            (2) An evaluation of the adequacy of the Army force 
        structure proposed for the future-years defense program for 
        fiscal

[[Page 129 STAT. 804]]

        years 2017 through 2021 to meet the goals of the national 
        military strategy of the United States.
            (3) An independent risk assessment by the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff of the proposed Army force structure and 
        the ability of such force structure to meet the operational 
        requirements of combatant commanders.
            (4) A description of the planning assumptions and scenarios 
        used by the Department of Defense to validate the size and force 
        structure of the Army, including the Army Reserve and the Army 
        National Guard.
            (5) A certification by the Secretary of Defense that the 
        Secretary has reviewed the reports by the Secretary of the Army 
        and the assessments of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
        and determined that an end strength for active duty personnel of 
        the Army below the end strength level authorized in section 
        401(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3348) will be adequate to 
        meet the national military strategy of the United States.
            (6) A description of various alternative options for 
        allocating funds to ensure that the end strengths of the Army do 
        not fall below levels of significant risk, as determined 
        pursuant to the risk assessment conducted by the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff under paragraph (3).
            (7) Such other information or updates as the Secretary of 
        Defense considers appropriate.

    (b) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Reinstatement of enhanced authority for selective early 
           discharge of warrant officers.
Sec. 502. Equitable treatment of junior officers excluded from an all-
           fully-qualified-officers list because of administrative 
           error.
Sec. 503. Enhanced flexibility for determination of officers to continue 
           on active duty and for selective early retirement and early 
           discharge.
Sec. 504. Authority to defer until age 68 mandatory retirement for age 
           of a general or flag officer serving as Chief or Deputy Chief 
           of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, or Air Force.
Sec. 505. General rule for warrant officer retirement in highest grade 
           held satisfactorily.
Sec. 506. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendation on the 
           definition and availability of costs associated with general 
           and flag officers and their aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Continued service in the Ready Reserve by Members of Congress 
           who are also members of the Ready Reserve.
Sec. 512. Clarification of purpose of reserve component special 
           selection boards as limited to correction of error at a 
           mandatory promotion board.
Sec. 513. Increase in number of days of active duty required to be 
           performed by reserve component members for duty to be 
           considered Federal service for purposes of unemployment 
           compensation for ex-servicemembers.
Sec. 514. Temporary authority to use Air Force reserve component 
           personnel to provide training and instruction regarding pilot 
           training.
Sec. 515. Assessment of Military Compensation and Retirement 
           Modernization Commission recommendation regarding 
           consolidation of authorities to order members of reserve 
           components to perform duty.

[[Page 129 STAT. 805]]

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Sec. 521. Limited authority for Secretary concerned to initiate 
           applications for correction of military records.
Sec. 522. Temporary authority to develop and provide additional 
           recruitment incentives.
Sec. 523. Expansion of authority to conduct pilot programs on career 
           flexibility to enhance retention of members of the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 524. Modification of notice and wait requirements for change in 
           ground combat exclusion policy for female members of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 525. Role of Secretary of Defense in development of gender-neutral 
           occupational standards.
Sec. 526. Establishment of process by which members of the Armed Forces 
           may carry an appropriate firearm on a military installation.
Sec. 527. Establishment of breastfeeding policy for the Department of 
           the Army.
Sec. 528. Sense of Congress recognizing the diversity of the members of 
           the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

Sec. 531. Enforcement of certain crime victim rights by the Court of 
           Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 532. Department of Defense civilian employee access to Special 
           Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 533. Authority of Special Victims' Counsel to provide legal 
           consultation and assistance in connection with various 
           Government proceedings.
Sec. 534. Timely notification to victims of sex-related offenses of the 
           availability of assistance from Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 535. Additional improvements to Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 536. Enhancement of confidentiality of restricted reporting of 
           sexual assault in the military.
Sec. 537. Modification of deadline for establishment of Defense Advisory 
           Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of 
           Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Improved Department of Defense prevention and response to 
           sexual assaults in which the victim is a male member of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 539. Preventing retaliation against members of the Armed Forces who 
           report or intervene on behalf of the victim of an alleged 
           sex-related offence.
Sec. 540. Sexual assault prevention and response training for 
           administrators and instructors of Senior Reserve Officers' 
           Training Corps.
Sec. 541. Retention of case notes in investigations of sex-related 
           offenses involving members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
           Marine Corps.
Sec. 542. Comptroller General of the United States reports on prevention 
           and response to sexual assault by the Army National Guard and 
           the Army Reserve.
Sec. 543. Improved implementation of changes to Uniform Code of Military 
           Justice.
Sec. 544. Modification of Rule 104 of the Rules for Courts-Martial to 
           establish certain prohibitions concerning evaluations of 
           Special Victims' Counsel.
Sec. 545. Modification of Rule 304 of the Military Rules of Evidence 
           relating to the corroboration of a confession or admission.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

Sec. 551. Enhancements to Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.
Sec. 552. Availability of preseparation counseling for members of the 
           Armed Forces discharged or released after limited active 
           duty.
Sec. 553. Availability of additional training opportunities under 
           Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 554. Modification of requirement for in-resident instruction for 
           courses of instruction offered as part of Phase II joint 
           professional military education.
Sec. 555. Termination of program of educational assistance for reserve 
           component members supporting contingency operations and other 
           operations.
Sec. 556. Appointments to military service academies from nominations 
           made by Delegates in Congress from the Virgin Islands, Guam, 
           American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
           Islands.
Sec. 557. Support for athletic programs of the United States Military 
           Academy.
Sec. 558. Condition on admission of defense industry civilians to attend 
           the United States Air Force Institute of Technology.
Sec. 559. Quality assurance of certification programs and standards for 
           professional credentials obtained by members of the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 560. Prohibition on receipt of unemployment insurance while 
           receiving post-9/11 education assistance.

[[Page 129 STAT. 806]]

Sec. 561. Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee.
Sec. 562. Recognition of additional involuntary mobilization duty 
           authorities exempt from five-year limit on reemployment 
           rights of persons who serve in the uniformed services.
Sec. 563. Expansion of outreach for veterans transitioning from serving 
           on active duty.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

Sec. 571. Continuation of authority to assist local educational agencies 
           that benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces and 
           Department of Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 572. Impact aid for children with severe disabilities.
Sec. 573. Authority to use appropriated funds to support Department of 
           Defense student meal programs in domestic dependent 
           elementary and secondary schools located outside the United 
           States.
Sec. 574. Family support programs for immediate family members of 
           members of the Armed Forces assigned to special operations 
           forces.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Authorization for award of the Distinguished-Service Cross for 
           acts of extraordinary heroism during the Korean War.

           Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Coordination with non-government suicide prevention 
           organizations and agencies to assist in reducing suicides by 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 592. Extension of semiannual reports on the involuntary separation 
           of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 593. Report on preliminary mental health screenings for individuals 
           becoming members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 594. Report regarding new rulemaking under the Military Lending Act 
           and Defense Manpower Data Center reports and meetings.
Sec. 595. Remotely piloted aircraft career field manning shortfalls.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. REINSTATEMENT OF ENHANCED AUTHORITY FOR SELECTIVE EARLY 
                        DISCHARGE OF WARRANT OFFICERS.

    Section 580a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``November 30, 1993, and 
        ending on October 1, 1999'' and inserting ``October 1, 2015, and 
        ending on October 1, 2019''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively.
SEC. 502. EQUITABLE TREATMENT OF JUNIOR OFFICERS EXCLUDED FROM AN 
                        ALL-FULLY-QUALIFIED-OFFICERS LIST BECAUSE 
                        OF ADMINISTRATIVE ERROR.

    (a) Officers on Active-duty List.--Section 624(a)(3) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
    ``(E) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that one or more officers or former officers were not placed 
on an all-fully-qualified-list under this paragraph because of 
administrative error, the Secretary may prepare a supplemental all-
fully-qualified-officers list containing the names of any such officers 
for approval in accordance with this paragraph.''.
    (b) Officers on Reserve Active-Status List.--Section 14308(b)(4) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subparagraph:
    ``(E) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that one or more officers or former officers were not

[[Page 129 STAT. 807]]

placed on an all-fully-qualified-list under this paragraph because of 
administrative error, the Secretary may prepare a supplemental all-
fully-qualified-officers list containing the names of any such officers 
for approval in accordance with this paragraph.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments to Special Selection Board Authority.--
            (1) Regular components.--Section 628(a)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``or the name of a 
        person that should have been placed on an all-fully-qualified-
        officers list under section 624(a)(3) of this title was not so 
        placed,''.
            (2) Reserve components.--Section 14502(a)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``or whose name was 
        not placed on an all-fully-qualified-officers list under section 
        14308(b)(4) of this title because of administrative error,''.
SEC. 503. ENHANCED FLEXIBILITY FOR DETERMINATION OF OFFICERS TO 
                        CONTINUE ON ACTIVE DUTY AND FOR SELECTIVE 
                        EARLY RETIREMENT AND EARLY DISCHARGE.

    Section 638a(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``officers considered--'' and all that follows and inserting 
``officers considered.''.
SEC. 504. AUTHORITY TO DEFER UNTIL AGE 68 MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR 
                        AGE OF A GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER SERVING 
                        AS CHIEF OR DEPUTY CHIEF OF CHAPLAINS OF 
                        THE ARMY, NAVY, OR AIR FORCE.

    (a) Deferral Authority.--Section 1253 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Deferred Retirement of Chaplains.--(1) The Secretary of the 
military department concerned may defer the retirement under subsection 
(a) of an officer serving in a general or flag officer grade who is the 
Chief of Chaplains or Deputy Chief of Chaplains of that officer's armed 
force.
    ``(2) A deferment of the retirement of an officer referred to in 
paragraph (1) may not extend beyond the first day of the month following 
the month in which the officer becomes 68 years of age.
    ``(3) The authority to defer the retirement of an officer referred 
to in paragraph (1) expires December 31, 2020. Subject to paragraph (2), 
a deferment granted before that date may continue on and after that 
date.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 1253 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and 
                  flag officer grades; exceptions''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 63 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is <<NOTE: 10 USC 1251 prec.>> amended

[[Page 129 STAT. 808]]

        by striking the item relating to section 1253 and inserting the 
        following new item:

``1253. Age 64: regular commissioned officers in general and flag 
           officer grades; exceptions.''.

SEC. 505. GENERAL RULE FOR WARRANT OFFICER RETIREMENT IN HIGHEST 
                        GRADE HELD SATISFACTORILY.

    Section 1371 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
``Sec. 1371. Warrant officers: general rule

    ``Unless entitled to a higher retired grade under some other 
provision of law, a warrant officer shall be retired in the highest 
regular or reserve warrant officer grade in which the warrant officer 
served satisfactorily, as determined by the Secretary concerned.''.
SEC. 506. IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL RECOMMENDATION ON 
                        THE DEFINITION AND AVAILABILITY OF COSTS 
                        ASSOCIATED WITH GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS 
                        AND THEIR AIDES.

    (a) Definition of Costs.--
            (1) In general.--For the purpose of providing a consistent 
        approach to estimating and managing the full costs associated 
        with general and flag officers and their aides, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall direct the Director, Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation, to define the costs that could be associated with 
        general and flag officers since 2001, including--
                    (A) security details;
                    (B) Government and commercial air travel;
                    (C) general and flag officer per diem;
                    (D) enlisted and officer aide housing and travel 
                costs;
                    (E) general and flag officer additional support 
                staff and their travel, equipment, and per diem costs;
                    (F) general and flag officer official residences; 
                and
                    (G) any other associated costs incurred due to the 
                nature of their position.
            (2) Coordination.--The Director, Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation, shall prepare the definition of costs under 
        paragraph (1) in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness and the Secretaries of the 
        military departments.

    (b) Report On Costs Associated With General And Flag Officers and 
Aides.--Not later than June 30, 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report describing the costs associated with general 
and flag officers and their enlisted and officer aides.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. CONTINUED SERVICE IN THE READY RESERVE BY MEMBERS OF 
                        CONGRESS WHO ARE ALSO MEMBERS OF THE READY 
                        RESERVE.

    Section 10149 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 129 STAT. 809]]

            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(b)(1) In applying Ready Reserve continuous screening under this 
section, an individual who is both a member of the Ready Reserve and a 
Member of Congress may not be transferred to the Standby Reserve or 
discharged on account of the individual's position as a Member of 
Congress.
    ``(2) The transfer or discharge of an individual who is both a 
member of the Ready Reserve and a Member of Congress may be ordered--
            ``(A) only by the Secretary of Defense or, in the case of a 
        Member of Congress who also is a member of the Coast Guard 
        Reserve, the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
        Guard is operating when it is not operating as a service in the 
        Navy; and
            ``(B) only on the basis of the needs of the service, taking 
        into consideration the position and duties of the individual in 
        the Ready Reserve.

    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `Member of Congress' includes a 
Delegate or Resident Commissioner to Congress and a Member-elect.''.
SEC. 512. CLARIFICATION OF PURPOSE OF RESERVE COMPONENT SPECIAL 
                        SELECTION BOARDS AS LIMITED TO CORRECTION 
                        OF ERROR AT A MANDATORY PROMOTION BOARD.

    Section 14502(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``a selection board'' and inserting ``a 
                mandatory promotion board convened under section 
                14101(a) of this title''; and
                    (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by striking 
                ``selection board'' and inserting ``mandatory promotion 
                board''; and
            (2) in the first sentence of paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``Such board'' and inserting ``The 
                special selection board''; and
                    (B) by striking ``selection board'' and inserting 
                ``mandatory promotion board''.
SEC. 513. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF DAYS OF ACTIVE DUTY REQUIRED TO BE 
                        PERFORMED BY RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR 
                        DUTY TO BE CONSIDERED FEDERAL SERVICE FOR 
                        PURPOSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION FOR 
                        EX-SERVICEMEMBERS.

    (a) Increase of Number of Days.--Section 8521(a)(1) of title 5, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``90 days'' in the matter 
preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting ``180 days''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 5 USC 8521 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act, and shall apply with respect to periods of Federal service 
commencing on or after that date.
SEC. 514. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO USE AIR FORCE RESERVE COMPONENT 
                        PERSONNEL TO PROVIDE TRAINING AND 
                        INSTRUCTION REGARDING PILOT TRAINING.

    (a) Authority.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 810]]

            (1) In general.--During fiscal year 2016, the Secretary of 
        the Air Force may authorize personnel described in paragraph (2) 
        to provide training and instruction regarding pilot training to 
        the following:
                    (A) Members of the Armed Forces on active duty.
                    (B) Members of foreign military forces who are in 
                the United States.
            (2) Personnel.--The personnel described in this paragraph 
        are the following:
                    (A) Members of the reserve components of the Air 
                Force on active Guard and Reserve duty (as that term is 
                defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United States 
                Code) who are not otherwise authorized to conduct the 
                training described in paragraph (1) due to the 
                limitations in section 12310 of title 10, United States 
                Code.
                    (B) Members of the Air Force who are military 
                technicians (dual status) who are not otherwise 
                authorized to conduct the training described in 
                paragraph (1) due to the limitations in section 10216 of 
                title 10, United States Code, and section 709(a) of 
                title 32, United States Code.
            (3) Limitation.--Not more than 50 members described in 
        paragraph (2) may provide training and instruction under the 
        authority in paragraph (1) at any one time.
            (4) Federal tort claims act.--Members of the uniformed 
        services described in paragraph (2) who provide training and 
        instruction pursuant to the authority in paragraph (1) shall be 
        covered by the Federal Tort Claims Act for purposes of any claim 
        arising from the employment of such individuals under that 
        authority.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth a plan to eliminate shortages in 
the number of pilot instructors within the Air Force using authorities 
available to the Secretary under current law.
SEC. 515. ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY COMPENSATION AND RETIREMENT 
                        MODERNIZATION COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION 
                        REGARDING CONSOLIDATION OF AUTHORITIES TO 
                        ORDER MEMBERS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS TO 
                        PERFORM DUTY.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the recommendation of the Military Compensation and 
Retirement Modernization Commission regarding consolidation of statutory 
authorities by which members of the reserve components of the Armed 
Forces may be ordered to perform duty. The Secretary shall specifically 
assess each of the six broader duty statuses recommended by the 
Commission as replacements for the 30 reserve component duty statuses 
currently authorized to determine whether consolidation will increase 
efficiency in the reserve components.
    (b) Submission of Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing the results of the Secretary's 
assessment. If, as a result of the assessment,

[[Page 129 STAT. 811]]

the Secretary determines that an alternate approach to consolidation of 
the statutory authorities described in subsection (a) is preferable, the 
Secretary shall submit the alternate approach, including a draft of such 
legislation as would be necessary to amend titles 10, 14, 32, and 37 of 
the United States Code and other provisions of law in order to implement 
the Secretary's approach by October 1, 2018.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

SEC. 521. LIMITED AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY CONCERNED TO INITIATE 
                        APPLICATIONS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
                        RECORDS.

    Section 1552(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``or his heir or legal 
                representative'' and inserting ``(or the claimant's heir 
                or legal representative) or the Secretary concerned''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``he discovers'' and inserting 
                ``discovering''; and
            (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``However, a board'' 
        and inserting the following: ``The Secretary concerned may file 
        a request for correction of a military record only if the 
        request is made on behalf of a group of members or former 
        members of the armed forces who were similarly harmed by the 
        same error or injustice. A board''.
SEC. 522. <<NOTE: 10 USC 503 note.>> TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO 
                        DEVELOP AND PROVIDE ADDITIONAL RECRUITMENT 
                        INCENTIVES.

    (a) Additional Recruitment Incentives Authorized.--The Secretary of 
a military department may develop and provide incentives, not otherwise 
authorized by law, to encourage individuals to accept an appointment as 
a commissioned officer, to accept an appointment as a warrant officer, 
or to enlist in an Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    (b) Relation to Other Personnel Authorities.--A recruitment 
incentive developed under subsection (a) may be provided--
            (1) without regard to the lack of specific authority for the 
        recruitment incentive under title 10 or 37, United States Code; 
        and
            (2) notwithstanding any provision of such titles, or any 
        rule or regulation prescribed under such provision, relating to 
        methods of providing incentives to individuals to accept 
        appointments or enlistments in the Armed Forces, including the 
        provision of group or individual bonuses, pay, or other 
        incentives.

    (c) Notice and Wait Requirement.--The Secretary of a military 
department may not provide a recruitment incentive developed under 
subsection (a) until--
            (1) the Secretary submits to the congressional defense 
        committees a plan regarding provision of the recruitment 
        incentive, which includes--
                    (A) a description of the incentive, including the 
                purpose of the incentive and the potential recruits to 
                be addressed by the incentive;

[[Page 129 STAT. 812]]

                    (B) a description of the provisions of titles 10 and 
                37, United States Code, from which the incentive would 
                require a waiver and the rationale to support the 
                waiver;
                    (C) a statement of the anticipated outcomes as a 
                result of providing the incentive; and
                    (D) a description of the method to be used to 
                evaluate the effectiveness of the incentive; and
            (2) the expiration of the 30-day period beginning on the 
        date on which the plan was received by Congress.

    (d) Limitation on Number of Incentives.--The Secretary of a military 
department may not provide more than three recruitment incentives under 
the authority of this section.
    (e) Limitation on Number of Individuals Receiving Incentives.--The 
number of individuals who receive one or more of the recruitment 
incentives provided under subsection (a) by the Secretary of a military 
department during a fiscal year for an Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary may not exceed 20 percent of the accession 
objective of that Armed Force for that fiscal year.
    (f) Duration of Developed Incentive.--A recruitment incentive 
developed under subsection (a) may be provided for not longer than a 
three-year period beginning on the date on which the incentive is first 
provided, except that the Secretary of the military department concerned 
may extend the period if the Secretary determines that additional time 
is needed to fully evaluate the effectiveness of the incentive.
    (g) Reporting Requirements.--If the Secretary of a military 
department provides an recruitment incentive under subsection (a) for a 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report, not later than 60 days after the end of the fiscal 
year, containing--
            (1) a description of each incentive provided under 
        subsection (a) during that fiscal year; and
            (2) an assessment of the impact of the incentives on the 
        recruitment of individuals for an Armed Force under the 
        jurisdiction of the Secretary.

    (h) Termination of Authority to Provide Incentives.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (f); the authority to provide recruitment incentives under 
this section expires on December 31, 2020.
SEC. 523. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT PILOT PROGRAMS ON 
                        CAREER FLEXIBILITY TO ENHANCE RETENTION OF 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Repeal of Limitation on Eligible Participants.--Subsection (b) 
of section 533 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is 
repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Limitation on Number of Participants.--Subsection (c) 
of section 533 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is 
repealed.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 533 of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-
417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) through (m) as 
        subsections (b) through (k), respectively; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 813]]

            (2) in subsections (b)(1), (d), and (f)(3)(D) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``subsection (e)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``subsection (c)''.
SEC. 524. MODIFICATION OF NOTICE AND WAIT REQUIREMENTS FOR CHANGE 
                        IN GROUND COMBAT EXCLUSION POLICY FOR 
                        FEMALE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Rule for Ground Combat Personnel Policy.--Section 652(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``before any 
                such change is implemented'' and inserting ``not less 
                than 30 calendar days before such change is 
                implemented''; and
                    (B) by striking the second sentence; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (5).

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 652(b)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``calendar'' before ``days''.
SEC. 525. ROLE OF SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IN DEVELOPMENT OF GENDER-
                        NEUTRAL OCCUPATIONAL STANDARDS.

    Section 524(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3361; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of paragraph (1);
            (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) measure the combat readiness of combat units, 
        including special operations forces.''.
SEC. 526. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2672 note.>> ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCESS BY 
                        WHICH MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES MAY 
                        CARRY AN APPROPRIATE FIREARM ON A MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATION.

    Not later than December 31, 2015, the Secretary of Defense, taking 
into consideration the views of senior leadership of military 
installations in the United States, shall establish and implement a 
process by which the commanders of military installations in the United 
States, or other military commanders designated by the Secretary of 
Defense for military reserve centers, Armed Services recruiting centers, 
and such other defense facilities as the Secretary may prescribe, may 
authorize a member of the Armed Forces who is assigned to duty at the 
installation, center or facility to carry an appropriate firearm on the 
installation, center, or facility if the commander determines that 
carrying such a firearm is necessary as a personal- or force-protection 
measure.
SEC. 527. <<NOTE: 10 USC 3681 note prec.>> ESTABLISHMENT OF 
                        BREASTFEEDING POLICY FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        THE ARMY.

    The Secretary of the Army shall develop a comprehensive policy 
regarding breastfeeding by female members of the Army who are 
breastfeeding. At a minimum, the policy shall address the following:
            (1) The provision of a designated room or area that will 
        provide the member with adequate privacy and cleanliness and 
        that includes an electrical outlet to facilitate the use of a 
        breast pump. Restrooms should not be considered an appropriate 
        location.

[[Page 129 STAT. 814]]

            (2) An allowance for appropriate breaks, when practicable, 
        to permit the member to breastfeed or utilize a breast pump.
SEC. 528. SENSE OF CONGRESS RECOGNIZING THE DIVERSITY OF THE 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The United States military includes individuals with a 
        variety of national, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds that have 
        roots all over the world.
            (2) In addition to diverse backgrounds, members of the Armed 
        Forces come from numerous religious traditions, including 
        Christian, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, non-denominational, non-
        practicing, and many more.
            (3) Members of the Armed Forces from diverse backgrounds and 
        religious traditions have lost their lives or been injured 
        defending the national security of the United States.
            (4) Diversity contributes to the strength of the Armed 
        Forces, and service members from different backgrounds and 
        religious traditions share the same goal of defending the United 
        States.
            (5) The unity of the Armed Forces reflects the strength in 
        diversity that makes the United States a great nation.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States should--
            (1) continue to recognize and promote diversity in the Armed 
        Forces; and
            (2) honor those from all diverse backgrounds and religious 
        traditions who have made sacrifices in serving the United States 
        through the Armed Forces.

  Subtitle D--Military Justice, Including Sexual Assault and Domestic 
                    Violence Prevention and Response

SEC. 531. ENFORCEMENT OF CERTAIN CRIME VICTIM RIGHTS BY THE COURT 
                        OF CRIMINAL APPEALS.

    Subsection (e) of section 806b of title 10, United States Code 
(article 6b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(e) Enforcement by Court of Criminal Appeals.--(1) If the victim 
of an offense under this chapter believes that a preliminary hearing 
ruling under section 832 of this title (article 32) or a court-martial 
ruling violates the rights of the victim afforded by a section (article) 
or rule specified in paragraph (4), the victim may petition the Court of 
Criminal Appeals for a writ of mandamus to require the preliminary 
hearing officer or the court-martial to comply with the section 
(article) or rule.
    ``(2) If the victim of an offense under this chapter is subject to 
an order to submit to a deposition, notwithstanding the availability of 
the victim to testify at the court-martial trying the accused for the 
offense, the victim may petition the Court of Criminal Appeals for a 
writ of mandamus to quash such order.
    ``(3) A petition for a writ of mandamus described in this subsection 
shall be forwarded directly to the Court of Criminal Appeals, by such 
means as may be prescribed by the President, and, to

[[Page 129 STAT. 815]]

the extent practicable, shall have priority over all other proceedings 
before the court.
    ``(4) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to the protections afforded 
by the following:
            ``(A) This section (article).
            ``(B) Section 832 (article 32) of this title.
            ``(C) Military Rule of Evidence 412, relating to the 
        admission of evidence regarding a victim's sexual background.
            ``(D) Military Rule of Evidence 513, relating to the 
        psychotherapist-patient privilege.
            ``(E) Military Rule of Evidence 514, relating to the victim 
        advocate-victim privilege.
            ``(F) Military Rule of Evidence 615, relating to the 
        exclusion of witnesses.''.
SEC. 532. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEE ACCESS TO 
                        SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL.

    Section 1044e(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense who 
        is not eligible for military legal assistance under section 
        1044(a)(7) of this title, but who is the victim of an alleged 
        sex-related offense, and the Secretary of Defense or the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned waives the 
        condition in such section for the purposes of offering Special 
        Victims' Counsel services to the employee.''.
SEC. 533. AUTHORITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TO PROVIDE LEGAL 
                        CONSULTATION AND ASSISTANCE IN CONNECTION 
                        WITH VARIOUS GOVERNMENT PROCEEDINGS.

    Section 1044e(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following new 
        paragraph (9):
            ``(9) Legal consultation and assistance in connection with--
                    ``(A) any complaint against the Government, 
                including an allegation under review by an inspector 
                general and a complaint regarding equal employment 
                opportunities;
                    ``(B) any request to the Government for information, 
                including a request under section 552a of title 5 
                (commonly referred to as a `Freedom of Information Act 
                request'); and
                    ``(C) any correspondence or other communications 
                with Congress.''.
SEC. 534. TIMELY NOTIFICATION TO VICTIMS OF SEX-RELATED OFFENSES 
                        OF THE AVAILABILITY OF ASSISTANCE FROM 
                        SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL.

    (a) Timely Notice Described.--Section 1044e(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):

    ``(2) Subject to such exceptions for exigent circumstances as the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating may prescribe, notice of the availability of a 
Special Victims' Counsel shall be provided to an individual described in 
subsection (a)(2) before any military

[[Page 129 STAT. 816]]

criminal investigator or trial counsel interviews, or requests any 
statement from, the individual regarding the alleged sex-related 
offense.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment to Related Legal Assistance Authority.--
Section 1565b(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):

    ``(3) Subject to such exceptions for exigent circumstances as the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating may prescribe, notice of the availability of a 
Special Victims' Counsel under section 1044e of this title shall be 
provided to a member of the armed forces or dependent who is the victim 
of sexual assault before any military criminal investigator or trial 
counsel interviews, or requests any statement from, the member or 
dependent regarding the alleged sexual assault.''.
SEC. 535. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS TO SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Training Time Period and Requirements.--Section 1044e(d) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``An individual'';
            (2) by designating existing paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(A) develop a policy to standardize the time period within 
        which a Special Victims' Counsel receives training; and
            ``(B) establish the baseline training requirements for a 
        Special Victims' Counsel.''.

    (b) Improved Administrative Responsibility.--Section 1044e(e) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense, in collaboration with the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of the 
Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall establish--
            ``(A) guiding principles for the Special Victims' Counsel 
        program, to include ensuring that--
                    ``(i) Special Victims' Counsel are assigned to 
                locations that maximize the opportunity for face-to-face 
                communication between counsel and clients; and
                    ``(ii) effective means of communication are 
                available to permit counsel and client interactions when 
                face-to-face communication is not feasible;
            ``(B) performance measures and standards to measure the 
        effectiveness of the Special Victims' Counsel program and client 
        satisfaction with the program; and
            ``(C) processes by which the Secretaries of the military 
        departments and the Secretary of the Department in which the 
        Coast Guard is operating will evaluate and monitor the Special 
        Victims' Counsel program using such guiding principles and 
        performance measures and standards.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendment Regarding Qualifications.--Section 
1044(d)(2) of chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code is amended by 
striking ``meets the additional qualifications specified

[[Page 129 STAT. 817]]

in subsection (d)(2)'' and inserting ``satisfies the additional 
qualifications and training requirements specified in subsection (d)''.
SEC. 536. ENHANCEMENT OF CONFIDENTIALITY OF RESTRICTED REPORTING 
                        OF SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE MILITARY.

    (a) Preemption of State Law To Ensure Confidentiality of 
Reporting.--Section 1565b(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of information disclosed pursuant to paragraph 
(1), any State law or regulation that would require an individual 
specified in paragraph (2) to disclose the personally identifiable 
information of the adult victim or alleged perpetrator of the sexual 
assault to a State or local law enforcement agency shall not apply, 
except when reporting is necessary to prevent or mitigate a serious and 
imminent threat to the health or safety of an individual.''.
    (b) Clarification of Scope.--Section 1565b(b)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``a dependent'' and inserting ``an 
adult dependent''.
    (c) Definitions.--Section 1565b of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Sexual assault.--The term `sexual assault' includes 
        the offenses of rape, sexual assault, forcible sodomy, 
        aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual contact, and attempts 
        to commit such offenses, as punishable under applicable Federal 
        or State law.
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' includes the District of 
        Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of 
        the Northern Mariana Islands, and any territory or possession of 
        the United States.''.
SEC. 537. MODIFICATION OF DEADLINE FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATION, 
                        PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                        IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 546(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
291; 128 Stat. 3374; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by striking ``not 
later than'' and all that follows and inserting ``not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016.''.
SEC. 538. IMPROVED DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREVENTION AND RESPONSE 
                        TO SEXUAL ASSAULTS IN WHICH THE VICTIM IS 
                        A MALE MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Plan to Improve Prevention and Response.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in collaboration with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall develop a plan to improve Department of Defense 
prevention and response to sexual assaults in which the victim is a male 
member of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) Sexual assault prevention and response training to more 
        comprehensively and directly address the incidence of male 
        members of the Armed Forces who are sexually assaulted and how 
        certain behavior and activities, such as hazing, can constitute 
        a sexual assault.

[[Page 129 STAT. 818]]

            (2) Methods to evaluate the extent to which differences 
        exist in the medical and mental health-care needs of male and 
        female sexual assault victims, and the care regimen, if any, 
        that will best meet those needs.
            (3) Data-driven decision making to improve male-victim 
        sexual assault prevention and response program efforts.
            (4) Goals with associated metrics to drive the changes 
        needed to address sexual assaults of male members of the Armed 
        Forces.
            (5) Information about the sexual victimization of males in 
        communications to members that are used to raise awareness of 
        sexual assault and efforts to prevent and respond to it.
            (6) Guidance for the department's medical and mental health 
        providers, and other personnel as appropriate, based on the 
        results of the evaluation described in paragraph (2), that 
        delineates these gender-specific distinctions and the care 
        regimen that is recommended to most effectively meet those 
        needs.
SEC. 539. PREVENTING RETALIATION AGAINST MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES WHO REPORT OR INTERVENE ON BEHALF 
                        OF THE VICTIM OF AN ALLEGED SEX-RELATED 
                        OFFENCE.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
comprehensive strategy to prevent retaliation carried out by members of 
the Armed Forces against other members who report or otherwise intervene 
on behalf of the victim of an alleged sex-related offence.
    (b) Elements.--The comprehensive strategy required by subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) Bystander intervention programs emphasizing the 
        importance of guarding against retaliation.
            (2) Department of Defense and military department policies 
        and requirements to ensure protection for victims of alleged 
        sex-related offences and members who intervene on behalf of 
        victims from retaliation.
            (3) Additional training for commanders on methods and 
        procedures to combat attitudes and beliefs that result in 
        retaliation.

    (c) Definitions.--For purposes of this section:
            (1) The term ``alleged sex-related offence'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1044e(g) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (2) The term ``retaliation'' has such meaning as may be 
        given that term by the Secretary of Defense in the development 
        of the strategy required by subsection (a).
SEC. 540. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2101 note.>> SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION 
                        AND RESPONSE TRAINING FOR ADMINISTRATORS 
                        AND INSTRUCTORS OF SENIOR RESERVE 
                        OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    The Secretary of a military department shall ensure that the 
commander of each unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
and all Professors of Military Science, senior military instructors, and 
civilian employees detailed, assigned, or employed as administrators and 
instructors of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps receive 
regular sexual assault prevention and response training and education.

[[Page 129 STAT. 819]]

SEC. 541. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note.>> RETENTION OF CASE NOTES IN 
                        INVESTIGATIONS OF SEX-RELATED OFFENSES 
                        INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMY, NAVY, AIR 
                        FORCE, OR MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Retention of All Investigative Records Required.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall update Department of Defense records retention policies to 
ensure that, for all investigations relating to an alleged sex-related 
offense (as defined in section 1044e(g) of title 10, United States Code) 
involving a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps, all 
elements of the case file shall be retained as part of the investigative 
records retained in accordance with section 586 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note).
    (b) Elements.--In updating records retention policies as required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall address, at a minimum, 
the following matters:
            (1) The elements of the case file to be retained must 
        include, at a minimum, the case activity record, case review 
        record, investigative plans, and all case notes made by an 
        investigating agent or agents.
            (2) All investigative records must be retained for no less 
        than 50 years.
            (3) No element of the case file may be destroyed until the 
        expiration of the time that investigative records must be kept.
            (4) Records may be stored digitally or in hard copy, in 
        accordance with existing law or regulations or additionally 
        prescribed policy considered necessary by the Secretary of the 
        military department concerned.

    (c) Consistent Education and Policy.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that existing policy, education, and training are updated to 
reflect policy changes in accordance with subsection (a).
    (d) Uniform Application to Military Departments.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that, to the maximum extent practicable, the policy 
developed under subsections (a) is implemented uniformly by the military 
departments.
SEC. 542. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORTS ON 
                        PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TO SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                        BY THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AND THE ARMY 
                        RESERVE.

    (a) Initial Report.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report on the 
preliminary assessment of the Comptroller General (made pursuant to a 
review conducted by the Comptroller General for purposes of this 
section) of the extent to which the Army National Guard and the Army 
Reserve--
            (1) have in place policies and programs to prevent and 
        respond to incidents of sexual assault involving members of the 
        Army National Guard or the Army Reserve, as applicable;
            (2) provide medical and mental health care services to 
        members of the Army National Guard or the Army Reserve, as 
        applicable, following a sexual assault; and
            (3) have identified whether the nature of service in the 
        Army National Guard or the Army Reserve, as the case may

[[Page 129 STAT. 820]]

        be, poses challenges to the prevention of or response to sexual 
        assault.

    (b) Additional Reports.--If after submitting the report required by 
subsection (a) the Comptroller General makes additional assessments as a 
result of the review described in that subsection, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to Congress such reports on such additional 
assessments as the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
SEC. 543. <<NOTE: 10 USC 801 note.>> IMPROVED IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                        CHANGES TO UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
                        JUSTICE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall examine the Department of Defense 
process for implementing statutory changes to the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice for the purpose of developing options for streamlining 
such process. The Secretary shall adopt procedures to ensure that legal 
guidance is published as soon as practicable whenever statutory changes 
to the Uniform Code of Military Justice are implemented.
SEC. 544. MODIFICATION OF RULE 104 OF THE RULES FOR COURTS-MARTIAL 
                        TO ESTABLISH CERTAIN PROHIBITIONS 
                        CONCERNING EVALUATIONS OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' 
                        COUNSEL.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
Rule 104(b) of the Rules for Courts-Martial shall be modified to provide 
that the prohibitions concerning evaluations established by that Rule 
shall apply to the giving of a less favorable rating or evaluation to 
any member of the Armed Forces serving as a Special Victims' Counsel 
because of the zeal with which such counsel represented a victim.
SEC. 545. MODIFICATION OF RULE 304 OF THE MILITARY RULES OF 
                        EVIDENCE RELATING TO THE CORROBORATION OF 
                        A CONFESSION OR ADMISSION.

    To the extent the President considers practicable, the President 
shall modify Rule 304(c) of the Military Rules of Evidence to conform to 
the rules governing the admissibility of the corroboration of admissions 
and confessions in the trial of criminal cases in the United States 
district courts.

         Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, and Transition

SEC. 551. ENHANCEMENTS TO YELLOW RIBBON REINTEGRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Scope and Purpose.--Section 582(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 
10101 note) is amended by striking ``combat veteran''.
    (b) Eligibility.--
            (1) Definition.--Section 582 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 
        U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by adding at the end the following 
        new subsection:

    ``(l) Eligible Individuals Defined.--For the purposes of this 
section, the term `eligible individual' means a member of a reserve 
component, a member of their family, or a designated representative

[[Page 129 STAT. 821]]

who the Secretary of Defense determines to be eligible for the Yellow 
Ribbon Reintegration Program.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 582 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
        181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``National Guard 
                and Reserve members and their families'' and inserting 
                ``eligible individuals'';
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``members of the 
                reserve components of the Armed Forces, their 
                families,'' and inserting ``eligible individuals'';
                    (C) in subsection (d)(2)(C), by striking ``members 
                of the Armed Forces and their families'' and inserting 
                ``eligible individuals'';
                    (D) in subsection (h), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``members of the Armed Forces 
                      and their family members'' and inserting 
                      ``eligible individuals''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``such members and their 
                      family members'' and inserting ``such eligible 
                      individuals'';
                    (E) in subsection (j), by striking ``members of the 
                Armed Forces and their families'' and inserting 
                ``eligible individuals''; and
                    (F) in subsection (k), by striking ``individual 
                members of the Armed Forces and their families'' and 
                inserting ``eligible individuals''.

    (c) Office for Reintegration Programs.--Section 582(d) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (1)(B), by striking ``substance abuse 
        and mental health treatment services'' and inserting ``substance 
        abuse, mental health treatment, and other quality of life 
        services''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Grants.--The Office for Reintegration Programs may 
        make grants to conduct data collection, trend analysis, and 
        curriculum development and to prepare reports in support of 
        activities under this section.''.

    (d) Operation of Program.--
            (1) Enhanced flexibility.--Subsection (g) of section 582 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
        (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended to read as 
        follows:

    ``(g) Operation of Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Office for Reintegration Programs 
        shall assist State National Guard and Reserve organizations with 
        the development and provision of information, events, and 
        activities to support the health and well-being of eligible 
        individuals before, during, and after periods of activation, 
        mobilization, or deployment.
            ``(2) Focus of information, events, and activities.--
                    ``(A) Before activation, mobilization, or 
                deployment.--Before a period of activation, 
                mobilization, or deployment, the information, events, 
                and activities described in paragraph (1) should focus 
                on preparing

[[Page 129 STAT. 822]]

                eligible individuals and affected communities for the 
                rigors of activation, mobilization, and deployment.
                    ``(B) During activation, mobilization, or 
                deployment.--During such a period, the information, 
                events, and activities described in paragraph (1) should 
                focus on--
                          ``(i) helping eligible individuals cope with 
                      the challenges and stress associated with such 
                      period;
                          ``(ii) decreasing the isolation of eligible 
                      individuals during such period; and
                          ``(iii) preparing eligible individuals for the 
                      challenges associated with reintegration.
                    ``(C) After activation, mobilization, or 
                deployment.--After such a period, but no earlier than 30 
                days after demobilization, the information, events, and 
                activities described in paragraph (1) should focus on--
                          ``(i) reconnecting the member with their 
                      families, friends, and communities;
                          ``(ii) providing information on employment 
                      opportunities;
                          ``(iii) helping eligible individuals deal with 
                      the challenges of reintegration;
                          ``(iv) ensuring that eligible individuals 
                      understand what benefits they are entitled to and 
                      what resources are available to help them overcome 
                      the challenges of reintegration; and
                          ``(v) providing a forum for addressing 
                      negative behaviors related to operational stress 
                      and reintegration.
            ``(3) Member pay.--Members shall receive appropriate pay for 
        days spent attending such events and activities.
            ``(4) Minimum number of events and activities.--The State 
        National Guard and Reserve Organizations shall provide to 
        eligible individuals--
                    ``(A) one event or activity before a period of 
                activation, mobilization, or deployment;
                    ``(B) one event or activity during a period of 
                activation, mobilization, or deployment; and
                    ``(C) two events or activities after a period of 
                activation, mobilization, or deployment.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 582 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
        181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``throughout the 
                entire deployment cycle'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) by striking ``well-being through the 4 
                      phases'' through the end of the subsection and 
                      inserting ``well-being.'';
                          (ii) in the heading, by striking ``; 
                      Deployment Cycle'';
                    (C) in subsection (d)(2)(C), by striking 
                ``throughout the deployment cycle described in 
                subsection (g)''; and
                    (D) in the heading of subsection (f), by striking 
                ``State Deployment Cycle''.

    (e) Additional Permitted Outreach Service.--Section 582(h) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008

[[Page 129 STAT. 823]]

(Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by adding at the 
end the following new paragraph:
            ``(16) Stress management and positive coping skills.''.

    (f) Support of Department-wide Suicide Prevention Efforts.--Section 
582 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
(Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by inserting after 
subsection (h) the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Support of Suicide Prevention Efforts.--The Office for 
Reintegration Programs shall assist the Defense Suicide Prevention 
Office and the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health 
and Traumatic Brain Injury to collect and analyze information, 
suggestions, and best practices from State National Guard and Reserve 
organizations with suicide prevention and community response 
programs.''.
    (g) Name Change.--Section 582(d)(1)(B) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 
10101 note) is amended by striking ``Substance Abuse and the Mental 
Health Services Administration'' and inserting ``Substance Abuse and 
Mental Health Services Administration''.
SEC. 552. AVAILABILITY OF PRESEPARATION COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF 
                        THE ARMED FORCES DISCHARGED OR RELEASED 
                        AFTER LIMITED ACTIVE DUTY.

    Section 1142(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``that member's first 
        180 days of active duty'' and inserting ``the first 180 
        continuous days of active duty of the member''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

    ``(C) For purposes of calculating the days of active duty of a 
member under subparagraph (A), the Secretary concerned shall exclude any 
day on which--
            ``(i) the member performed full-time training duty or annual 
        training duty; and
            ``(ii) the member attended, while in the active military 
        service, a school designated as a service school by law or by 
        the Secretary concerned.''.
SEC. 553. AVAILABILITY OF ADDITIONAL TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES UNDER 
                        TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 1144 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Additional Training Opportunities.--(1) As part of the program 
carried out under this section, the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, when 
the Coast Guard is not operating within the Department of the Navy, 
shall permit a member of the armed forces eligible for assistance under 
the program to elect to receive additional training in any of the 
following subjects:
            ``(A) Preparation for higher education or training.
            ``(B) Preparation for career or technical training.
            ``(C) Preparation for entrepreneurship.
            ``(D) Other training options determined by the Secretary of 
        Defense and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
        Guard is operating, when the Coast Guard is not operating within 
        the Department of the Navy.

[[Page 129 STAT. 824]]

    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Department 
in which the Coast Guard is operating, when the Coast Guard is not 
operating within the Department of the Navy, shall ensure that a member 
of the armed forces who elects to receive additional training in 
subjects available under paragraph (1) is able to receive the 
training.''.
SEC. 554. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR IN-RESIDENT INSTRUCTION 
                        FOR COURSES OF INSTRUCTION OFFERED AS PART 
                        OF PHASE II JOINT PROFESSIONAL MILITARY 
                        EDUCATION.

    Section 2154(a)(2)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, or offered through,'' after ``taught in residence at''.
SEC. 555. TERMINATION OF PROGRAM OF EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE FOR 
                        RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS SUPPORTING 
                        CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS AND OTHER 
                        OPERATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1607 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 16167. <<NOTE: 10 USC 16167.>> Sunset

    ``(a) Sunset.--The authority to provide educational assistance under 
this chapter shall terminate on the date that is four years after the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016.
    ``(b) Limitation on Provision of Assistance Pending Sunset.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 and ending on the date that is 
four years after the date of the enactment of that Act, educational 
assistance may be provided under this chapter only to a member otherwise 
eligible for educational assistance under this chapter who received 
educational assistance under this chapter for a course of study at an 
educational institution for the enrollment period at the educational 
institution that immediately preceded the date of the enactment of that 
Act.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 1607 of title 10, United States Code, is <<NOTE: 10 USC 16161 
prec.>> amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``16167. Sunset.''.

SEC. 556. APPOINTMENTS TO MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES FROM 
                        NOMINATIONS MADE BY DELEGATES IN CONGRESS 
                        FROM THE VIRGIN ISLANDS, GUAM, AMERICAN 
                        SAMOA, AND THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE 
                        NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4342(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
        ``Four'';
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
        ``Four'';
            (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
        ``Three''; and
            (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
        ``Three''.

    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6954(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 129 STAT. 825]]

            (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
        ``Four'';
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
        ``Four'';
            (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
        ``Three''; and
            (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
        ``Three''.

    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9342(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
        ``Four'';
            (2) in paragraph (8), by striking ``Three'' and inserting 
        ``Four'';
            (3) in paragraph (9), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
        ``Three''; and
            (4) in paragraph (10), by striking ``Two'' and inserting 
        ``Three''.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 4342 note.>> Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall apply with respect to the nomination of candidates 
for appointment to the United States Military Academy, the United States 
Naval Academy, and the United States Air Force Academy for classes 
entering these military service academies after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 557. SUPPORT FOR ATHLETIC PROGRAMS OF THE UNITED STATES 
                        MILITARY ACADEMY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 403 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 4362. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4362.>> Support of athletic programs

    ``(a) Authority.--
            ``(1) Contracts and cooperative agreements.--The Secretary 
        of the Army may enter into contracts and cooperative agreements 
        with the Army West Point Athletic Association for the purpose of 
        supporting the athletic programs of the Academy. Notwithstanding 
        section 2304(k) of this title, the Secretary may enter such 
        contracts or cooperative agreements on a sole source basis 
        pursuant to section 2304(c)(5) of this title. Notwithstanding 
        chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative agreement under this 
        section may be used to acquire property or services for the 
        direct benefit or use of the Academy.
            ``(2) Financial controls.--(A) Before entering into a 
        contract or cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall ensure that such contract or agreement includes 
        appropriate financial controls to account for Academy and 
        Association resources in accordance with accepted accounting 
        principles.
            ``(B) Any such contract or cooperative agreement shall 
        contain a provision that allows the Secretary, at the 
        Secretary's discretion, to review the financial accounts of the 
        Association to determine whether the operations of the 
        Association--
                    ``(i) are consistent with the terms of the contract 
                or cooperative agreement; and
                    ``(ii) will not compromise the integrity or 
                appearance of integrity of any program of the Department 
                of the Army.

[[Page 129 STAT. 826]]

            ``(3) Leases.--Section 2667(h) of this title shall not apply 
        to any leases the Secretary may enter into with the Association 
        for the purpose of supporting the athletic programs of the 
        Academy.

    ``(b) Support Services.--
            ``(1) Authority.--To the extent required by a contract or 
        cooperative agreement under subsection (a), the Secretary may 
        provide support services to the Association while the 
        Association conducts its support activities at the Academy. The 
        Secretary may provide support services described in paragraph 
        (2) only if the Secretary determines that the provision of such 
        services is essential for the support of the athletic programs 
        of the Academy.
            ``(2) Support services defined.--(A) In this subsection, the 
        term `support services' includes utilities, office furnishings 
        and equipment, communications services, records staging and 
        archiving, audio and video support, and security systems in 
        conjunction with the leasing or licensing of property.
            ``(B) Such term includes--
                    ``(i) housing for Association personnel on United 
                States Army Garrison, West Point, New York; and
                    ``(ii) enrollment of dependents of Association 
                personnel in elementary and secondary schools under the 
                same criteria applied to dependents of Federal employees 
                under section 2164(a) of this title, except that 
                educational services provided pursuant to this clause 
                shall be provided on a reimbursable basis.
            ``(3) No liability of the united states.--Any such support 
        services may only be provided without any liability of the 
        United States to the Association.

    ``(c) Acceptance of Support.--
            ``(1) Support received from the association.--
        Notwithstanding section 1342 of title 31, the Secretary may 
        accept from the Association funds, supplies, and services for 
        the support of the athletic programs of the Academy. For the 
        purposes of this section, employees or personnel of the 
        Association may not be considered to be employees of the United 
        States.
            ``(2) Funds received from ncaa.--The Secretary may accept 
        funds from the National Collegiate Athletic Association to 
        support the athletic programs of the Academy.
            ``(3) Limitation.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
        contributions under this subsection and expenditure of funds 
        pursuant to subsection (e) do not reflect unfavorably on the 
        ability of the Department of the Army, any of its employees, or 
        any member of the armed forces to carry out any responsibility 
        or duty in a fair and objective manner, or compromise the 
        integrity or appearance of integrity of any program of the 
        Department of the Army, or any individual involved in such a 
        program.

    ``(d) Trademarks and Service Marks.--
            ``(1) Licensing, marketing, and sponsorship agreements.--An 
        agreement under subsection (a) may, consistent with section 2260 
        of this title (other than subsection (d) of such section), 
        authorize the Association to enter into licensing, marketing, 
        and sponsorship agreements relating to trademarks and service 
        marks identifying the Academy, subject to the approval of the 
        Secretary of the Army.

[[Page 129 STAT. 827]]

            ``(2) Limitations.--No licensing, marketing, or sponsorship 
        agreement may be entered into under paragraph (1) if--
                    ``(A) such agreement would reflect unfavorably on 
                the ability of the Department of the Army, any of its 
                employees, or any member of the armed forces to carry 
                out any responsibility or duty in a fair and objective 
                manner; or
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that the use of the 
                trademark or service mark would compromise the integrity 
                or appearance of integrity of any program of the 
                Department of the Army, or any individual involved in 
                such a program.

    ``(e) Retention and Use of Funds.--Any funds received by the 
Secretary under this section may be retained for use in support of the 
athletic programs of the Academy and shall remain available until 
expended.
    ``(f) Service on Association Board of Directors.--The Association is 
a designated entity for which authorization under sections 1033(a) and 
1589(a) of this title may be provided.
    ``(g) Conditions.--The authority provided in this section with 
respect to the Association is available only so long as the Association 
continues--
            ``(1) to qualify as a nonprofit organization under section 
        501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and operates in 
        accordance with this section, the law of the State of New York, 
        and the constitution and bylaws of the Association; and
            ``(2) to operate exclusively to support the athletic 
        programs of the Academy.

    ``(h) Association Defined.--In this section, the term `Association' 
means the Army West Point Athletic Association.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 403 of title 10, United States <<NOTE: 10 USC 4331 prec.>> Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``4362. Support of athletic programs.''.

SEC. 558. CONDITION ON ADMISSION OF DEFENSE INDUSTRY CIVILIANS TO 
                        ATTEND THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE 
                        INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY.

    Section 9314a(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``will be done on a space-available basis and not require an 
increase in the size of the faculty'' and inserting ``will not require 
an increase in the permanently authorized size of the faculty''.
SEC. 559. QUALITY ASSURANCE OF CERTIFICATION PROGRAMS AND 
                        STANDARDS FOR PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS 
                        OBTAINED BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 2015 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
551 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 
3376), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) Quality Assurance of Certification Programs and Standards.--
(1) Commencing not later than three years after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016, each Secretary concerned shall ensure that

[[Page 129 STAT. 828]]

any credentialing program used in connection with the program under 
subsection (a) is accredited by an accreditation body that meets the 
requirements specified in paragraph (2).
    ``(2) The requirements for accreditation bodies specified in this 
paragraph are requirements that an accreditation body--
            ``(A) be an independent body that has in place mechanisms to 
        ensure objectivity and impartiality in its accreditation 
        activities;
            ``(B) meet a recognized national or international standard 
        that directs its policy and procedures regarding accreditation;
            ``(C) apply a recognized national or international 
        certification standard in making its accreditation decisions 
        regarding certification bodies and programs;
            ``(D) conduct on-site visits, as applicable, to verify the 
        documents and records submitted by credentialing bodies for 
        accreditation;
            ``(E) have in place policies and procedures to ensure due 
        process when addressing complaints and appeals regarding its 
        accreditation activities;
            ``(F) conduct regular training to ensure consistent and 
        reliable decisions among reviewers conducting accreditations; 
        and
            ``(G) meet such other criteria as the Secretary concerned 
        considers appropriate in order to ensure quality in its 
        accreditation activities.''.
SEC. 560. PROHIBITION ON RECEIPT OF UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE WHILE 
                        RECEIVING POST-9/11 EDUCATION ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Effect of Receipt of Post-9/11 Education Assistance.--Section 
8525(b) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``he 
        receives'' and inserting ``the individual receives'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) except in the case of an individual described in 
        subsection (a), an educational assistance allowance under 
        chapter 33 of title 38; or''.

    (b) Exception.--Section 8525 of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before subsection (b) the following new subsection:
    ``(a) Subsection (b)(2) does not apply to an individual who--
            ``(1) is otherwise entitled to compensation under this 
        subchapter;
            ``(2) is described in section 3311(b) of title 38;
            ``(3) is not receiving retired pay under title 10; and
            ``(4) was discharged or released from service in the Armed 
        Forces or the Commissioned Corps of the National Oceanic and 
        Atmospheric Administration (including through a reduction in 
        force) under honorable conditions, but did not voluntarily 
        separate from such service.''.
SEC. 561. JOB TRAINING AND POST-SERVICE PLACEMENT EXECUTIVE 
                        COMMITTEE.

    Section 320 of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``a subordinate Job 
        Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee,'' 
        before ``and such other committees'';

[[Page 129 STAT. 829]]

            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(e) Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee.--
The Job Training and Post-Service Placement Executive Committee 
described in subsection (b)(2) shall--
            ``(1) review existing policies, procedures, and practices of 
        the Departments (including the military departments) with 
        respect to job training and post-service placement programs; and
            ``(2) identify changes to such policies, procedures, and 
        practices to improve job training and post-service placement.''; 
        and
            (3) in subsection (d)(2), by inserting ``, including with 
        respect to job training and post-service placement'' before the 
        period at the end.
SEC. 562. RECOGNITION OF ADDITIONAL INVOLUNTARY MOBILIZATION DUTY 
                        AUTHORITIES EXEMPT FROM FIVE-YEAR LIMIT ON 
                        REEMPLOYMENT RIGHTS OF PERSONS WHO SERVE 
                        IN THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    Section 4312(c)(4)(A) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after ``12304,'' the following: ``12304a, 12304b,''.
SEC. 563. EXPANSION OF OUTREACH FOR VETERANS TRANSITIONING FROM 
                        SERVING ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    (a) Expansion of Pilot Program.--Section 5(c)(5) of the Clay Hunt 
Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act (Public Law 114-2; 38 
U.S.C. 1712A note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) conducts outreach to individuals transitioning 
                from serving on active duty in the Armed Forces who are 
                participating in the Transition Assistance Program of 
                the Department of Defense or other similar transition 
                programs to inform such individuals of the community 
                oriented veteran peer support network under paragraph 
                (1) and other support programs and opportunities that 
                are available to such individuals.''.

    (b) Inclusion of Information in Interim Report.--Section 5(d)(1) of 
the Clay Hunt Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act (Public Law 
114-2; 38 U.S.C. 1712A note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) the number of veterans who--
                          ``(i) received outreach from the Department of 
                      Veterans Affairs while serving on active duty as a 
                      member of the Armed Forces; and
                          ``(ii) participated in a peer support program 
                      under the pilot program for veterans transitioning 
                      from serving on active duty.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 830]]

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

SEC. 571. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
                        AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2016 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $25,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
8013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
7713(9)).
SEC. 572. IMPACT AID FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE DISABILITIES.

    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2016 
pursuant to section 301 and available for operation and maintenance for 
Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding table in section 
4301, $5,000,000 shall be available for payments under section 363 of 
the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-77; 20 
U.S.C. 7703a).
SEC. 573. AUTHORITY TO USE APPROPRIATED FUNDS TO SUPPORT 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STUDENT MEAL 
                        PROGRAMS IN DOMESTIC DEPENDENT ELEMENTARY 
                        AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS LOCATED OUTSIDE THE 
                        UNITED STATES.

    (a) Authority.--Section 2243 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``the defense dependents' education 
                system'' and inserting ``overseas defense dependents' 
                schools''; and
                    (B) by striking ``students enrolled in that system'' 
                and inserting ``students enrolled in such a school'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``Department of Defense 
        dependents' schools which are located outside the United 
        States'' and inserting ``overseas defense dependents' schools''; 
        and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(e) Overseas Defense Dependents' School Defined.--In this section, 
the term `overseas defense dependents' school' means the following:
            ``(1) A school established as part of the defense 
        dependents' education system provided for under the Defense 
        Dependents' Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 921 et seq.).

[[Page 129 STAT. 831]]

            ``(2) An elementary or secondary school established pursuant 
        to section 2164 of this title that is located in a territory, 
        commonwealth, or possession of the United States.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 2243 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2243. Authority to use appropriated funds to support 
                  student meal programs in overseas defense 
                  dependents' schools''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter I of chapter 134 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2241 prec.>> amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 2243 and inserting the following 
        new item:

``2243. Authority to use appropriated funds to support student meal 
           programs in overseas defense dependents' schools.''.

SEC. 574. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1788 note.>>  FAMILY SUPPORT PROGRAMS FOR 
                        IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SPECIAL 
                        OPERATIONS FORCES.

    (a) Extension of Authority to Conduct Programs .--Section 554(f) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1785 note) is amended by striking ``2016'' and 
inserting ``2018''.
    (b) Modification of Reporting Requirement.--Subsection (g) of 
section 554 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1785 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(g) Report Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2016, and each 
        March 1 thereafter though the conclusion of the pilot programs 
        conducted under subsection (a), the Commander, in coordination 
        with the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        describing the progress made in achieving the goals of the pilot 
        programs.
            ``(2) Elements of report.--Each report under this subsection 
        shall include the following for each pilot program:
                    ``(A) A description of the pilot program to address 
                family support requirements not being provided by the 
                Secretary of a military department to immediate family 
                members of members of the Armed Forces assigned to 
                special operations forces.
                    ``(B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot 
                program on the readiness of members of the Armed Forces 
                assigned to special operations forces.
                    ``(C) A comparison of the pilot program to other 
                programs conducted by the Secretaries of the military 
                departments to provide family support to immediate 
                family members of members of the Armed Forces.
                    ``(D) Recommendations for incorporating the lessons 
                learned from the pilot program into family support 
                programs conducted by the Secretaries of the military 
                departments.
                    ``(E) Any other matters considered appropriate by 
                the Commander or the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Personnel and Readiness.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 832]]

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE 
                        CROSS FOR ACTS OF EXTRAORDINARY HEROISM 
                        DURING THE KOREAN WAR.

    Notwithstanding the time limitations specified in section 3744 of 
title 10, United States Code, or any other time limitation with respect 
to the awarding of certain medals to persons who served in the Armed 
Forces, the Secretary of the Army may award the Distinguished-Service 
Cross under section 3742 of such title to Edward Halcomb who, while 
serving in Korea as a member of the United States Army in the grade of 
Private First Class in Company B, 1st Battalion, 29th Infantry Regiment, 
24th Infantry Division, distinguished himself by acts of extraordinary 
heroism from August 20, 1950, to October 19, 1950, during the Korean 
War.

           Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 591. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 note.>>  COORDINATION WITH NON-
                        GOVERNMENT SUICIDE PREVENTION 
                        ORGANIZATIONS AND AGENCIES TO ASSIST IN 
                        REDUCING SUICIDES BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES.

    (a) Development of Policy.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, may 
develop a policy to coordinate the efforts of the Department of Defense 
and non-government suicide prevention organizations regarding--
            (1) the use of such non-government organizations to reduce 
        the number of suicides among members of the Armed Forces by 
        comprehensively addressing the needs of members of the Armed 
        Forces who have been identified as being at risk of suicide;
            (2) the delineation of the responsibilities within the 
        Department of Defense regarding interaction with such 
        organizations;
            (3) the collection of data regarding the efficacy and cost 
        of coordinating with such organizations; and
            (4) the preparation and preservation of any reporting 
        material the Secretary determines necessary to carry out the 
        policy.

    (b) Suicide Prevention Efforts.--The Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to take any necessary measures to prevent suicides by members 
of the Armed Forces, including by facilitating the access of members of 
the Armed Forces to successful non-governmental treatment regimen.
SEC. 592. EXTENSION OF SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON THE INVOLUNTARY 
                        SEPARATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 525(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1724) is amended by striking 
``calendar years 2013 and 2014'' and ``each of calendar years 2013 
through 2017''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 833]]

SEC. 593. REPORT ON PRELIMINARY MENTAL HEALTH SCREENINGS FOR 
                        INDIVIDUALS BECOMING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES.

    (a) Report on Recommendations in Connection With Screenings.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the feasibility 
of conducting, before the enlistment or accession of an individual into 
the Armed Forces, a mental health screening of the individual to bring 
mental health screenings to parity with physical screenings of 
prospective members.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) Recommendations with respect to establishing a secure, 
        electronically-based preliminary mental health screening of new 
        members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Recommendations with respect to the composition of the 
        mental health screening, evidenced-based best practices, and how 
        to track changes in mental health screenings relating to 
        traumatic brain injuries, post-traumatic stress disorder, and 
        other conditions.
SEC. 594. REPORT REGARDING NEW RULEMAKING UNDER THE MILITARY 
                        LENDING ACT AND DEFENSE MANPOWER DATA 
                        CENTER REPORTS AND MEETINGS.

    (a) Report on New Military Lending Act Rulemaking.--Not later than 
60 days after the issuance by the Secretary of Defense of the regulation 
issued with regard to section 987 of title 10, United States Code 
(commonly known as the Military Lending Act), and part of 232 of title 
32, Code of Federal Regulations (its implementing regulation), the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that discusses--
            (1) the ability and reliability of the Defense Manpower Data 
        Center in meeting real-time requests for accurate information 
        needed to make a determination regarding whether a borrower is 
        covered by the Military Lending Act; or
            (2) an alternate mechanism or mechanisms for identifying 
        such covered borrowers.

    (b) Defense Manpower Data Center Reports and Meetings.--
            (1) Reports on accuracy, reliability, and integrity of 
        systems.--The Director of the Defense Manpower Data Center shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees reports on the 
        accuracy, reliability, and integrity of the Defense Manpower 
        Data Center systems used to identify covered borrowers and 
        covered policyholders under military consumer protection laws. 
        The first report is due six months after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, and the Director shall submit additional 
        reports every six months thereafter through December 31, 2020, 
        to show improvements in the accuracy, reliability, and integrity 
        of such systems.
            (2) Report on plan to strengthen capabilities.--Not later 
        than six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Director of the Defense Manpower Data Center shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on plans to strengthen 
        the capabilities of the Defense Manpower

[[Page 129 STAT. 834]]

        Data Center systems, including staffing levels and funding, in 
        order to improve the identification of covered borrowers and 
        covered policyholders under military consumer protection laws.
            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC 987 note.>>  Meetings with private sector 
        users of systems.--The Director of the Defense Manpower Data 
        Center shall meet regularly with private sector users of Defense 
        Manpower Data Center systems used to identify covered borrowers 
        and covered policyholders under military consumer protection 
        laws to learn about issues facing such users and to develop ways 
        of addressing such issues. The first meeting pursuant to this 
        requirement shall take place with three months after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 595. REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT CAREER FIELD MANNING 
                        SHORTFALLS.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2016 for operation and 
maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, not more 
than 85 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 15 days 
has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force 
submits to the congressional defense committees the report described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
        remotely piloted aircraft career field manning levels and 
        actions the Air Force will take to rectify personnel shortfalls.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of current and projected manning 
                requirements and inventory levels for remotely piloted 
                aircraft systems.
                    (B) A description of rated and non-rated officer and 
                enlisted manning policies for authorization and 
                inventory levels in effect for remotely piloted aircraft 
                systems and units, to include whether remotely piloted 
                aircraft duty is considered as a permanent Air Force 
                Specialty Code or treated as an ancillary single 
                assignment duty, and if both are used, the division of 
                authorizations between permanently assigned personnel 
                and those who will return to a different primary career 
                field.
                    (C) Comparisons to other Air Force manned combat 
                aircraft systems and units with respect to personnel 
                policies, manpower authorization levels, and projected 
                personnel inventory.
                    (D) Identification and assessment of mitigation 
                actions to increase unit manning levels, including 
                recruitment and retention bonuses, incentive pay, use of 
                enlisted personnel, and increased weighting to remotely 
                piloted aircraft personnel on promotion boards, and to 
                ensure the school house for remotely piloted aircraft 
                personnel is sufficient to meet increased manning 
                demands.
                    (E) Analysis demonstrating the requirements 
                determination for how remotely piloted aircraft pilot 
                and sensor operators are selected, including whether 
                individuals are

[[Page 129 STAT. 835]]

                prior rated or non-rated qualified, what prerequisite 
                training or experience is necessary, and required and 
                types of basic and advanced qualification training for 
                each mission design series of remotely piloted aircraft 
                in the Air Force inventory.
                    (F) Recommendations for changes to existing 
                legislation required to implement mitigation actions.
                    (G) An assessment of the authorization levels of 
                government civilian and contractor support required for 
                sufficiency of remotely piloted aircraft career field 
                manning.
                    (H) A description and associated timeline of actions 
                the Air Force will take to increase remotely piloted 
                aircraft career field manpower authorizations and 
                manning levels to at least the equal of the normative 
                levels of manning and readiness of all other combat 
                aircraft career fields.
                    (I) A description of any other matters concerning 
                remotely piloted aircraft career field manning levels 
                the Secretary of the Air Force determines to be 
                appropriate.
            (3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) may be 
        submitted in classified form, but shall also contain an 
        unclassified executive summary and may contain an unclassified 
        annex.
            (4) Nonduplication of effort.--If any information required 
        under paragraph (1) has been included in another report or 
        notification previously submitted to Congress by law, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force may provide a list of such reports 
        and notifications at the time of submitting the report required 
        under this subsection in lieu of including such information in 
        the report.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. No fiscal year 2016 increase in military basic pay for general 
           and flag officers.
Sec. 602. Limitation on eligibility for supplemental subsistence 
           allowances to members serving outside the United States and 
           associated territory.
Sec. 603. Phased-in modification of percentage of national average 
           monthly cost of housing usable in computation of basic 
           allowance for housing inside the United States.
Sec. 604. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
           of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 605. Availability of information under the Food and Nutrition Act 
           of 2008.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
           authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
           authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
           nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
           consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
           authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
           title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Increase in maximum annual amount of nuclear officer bonus 
           pay.
Sec. 617. Modification to special aviation incentive pay and bonus 
           authorities for officers.
Sec. 618. Repeal of obsolete authority to pay bonus to encourage Army 
           personnel to refer persons for enlistment in the Army.

[[Page 129 STAT. 836]]

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

Sec. 621. Transportation to transfer ceremonies for family and next of 
           kin of members of the Armed Forces who die overseas during 
           humanitarian operations.
Sec. 622. Repeal of obsolete special travel and transportation allowance 
           for survivors of deceased members of the Armed Forces from 
           the Vietnam conflict.
Sec. 623. Study and report on policy changes to the Joint Travel 
           Regulations.

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       Part I--Retired Pay Reform

Sec. 631. Modernized retirement system for members of the uniformed 
           services.
Sec. 632. Full participation for members of the uniformed services in 
           the Thrift Savings Plan.
Sec. 633. Lump sum payments of certain retired pay.
Sec. 634. Continuation pay for full TSP members with 12 years of 
           service.
Sec. 635. Effective date and implementation.

                         Part II--Other Matters

Sec. 641. Death of former spouse beneficiaries and subsequent 
           remarriages under the Survivor Benefit Plan.

    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                         Benefits and Operations

Sec. 651. Plan to obtain budget-neutrality for the defense commissary 
           system and the military exchange system.
Sec. 652. Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
           Commissary Surcharge, Non-appropriated Fund, and Privately-
           Financed Major Construction Program.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 661. Improvement of financial literacy and preparedness of members 
           of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 662. Recordation of obligations for installment payments of 
           incentive pays, allowances, and similar benefits when payment 
           is due.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. <<NOTE: 37 USC 203 note.>>  NO FISCAL YEAR 2016 INCREASE 
                        IN MILITARY BASIC PAY FOR GENERAL AND FLAG 
                        OFFICERS.

    Section 203(a)(2) of title 37, United States Code, shall be applied 
for rates of basic pay payable for commissioned officers in pay grades 
O-7 through O-10 during calendar year 2016 by using the rate of pay for 
level II of the Executive Schedule in effect during 2014. The rates of 
basic pay payable for such officers shall not increase during calendar 
year 2016.
SEC. 602. LIMITATION ON ELIGIBILITY FOR SUPPLEMENTAL SUBSISTENCE 
                        ALLOWANCES TO MEMBERS SERVING OUTSIDE THE 
                        UNITED STATES AND ASSOCIATED TERRITORY.

    Section 402a(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and paragraph (4)'' 
        after ``subsection (d)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(4) After September 30, 2016, a member is eligible for a 
supplemental subsistence allowance under this section only if the member 
is serving outside the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
the United States Virgin Islands, or Guam.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 837]]

SEC. 603. PHASED-IN MODIFICATION OF PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL AVERAGE 
                        MONTHLY COST OF HOUSING USABLE IN 
                        COMPUTATION OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING 
                        INSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

    Section 403(b)(3)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``may not exceed one percent.'' and inserting the following: 
``may not exceed the following:
            ``(i) One percent for months occurring during 2015.
            ``(ii) Two percent for months occurring during 2016.
            ``(iii) Three percent for months occurring during 2017.
            ``(iv) Four percent for months occurring during 2018.
            ``(v) Five percent for months occurring after 2018.''.
SEC. 604. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN 
                        RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER 
                        CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.

    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016''.
SEC. 605. <<NOTE: 7 USC 2020 note.>>  AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION 
                        UNDER THE FOOD AND NUTRITION ACT OF 2008.

    In administering the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et 
seq.), the Secretary of Agriculture shall ensure that any safeguards 
that prevent the use or disclosure of information obtained from 
applicant households shall not prevent the use of that information by, 
or the disclosure of that information to, the Secretary of Defense for 
purposes of determining the number of applicant households that contain 
one or more members of a regular component or reserve component of the 
Armed Forces.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                        AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
        reenlistment bonus.
            (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
        affiliation or enlistment bonus.
            (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
        members assigned to certain high-priority units.
            (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
        bonus for persons without prior service.
            (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
        and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
            (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve enlistment 
        and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
            (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
        expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
        distance.

[[Page 129 STAT. 838]]

            (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments 
        for reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
        mobilization for active duty service.
SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
                        AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
        accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected 
        Reserve.

    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
        bonuses for psychologists.
            (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        registered nurses.
            (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay 
        for nurse anesthetists.
            (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
        Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
        specialties.
            (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        dental officers.
            (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for 
        pharmacy officers.
            (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for medical 
        officers in critically short wartime specialties.
            (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
        specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.
SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES 
                        FOR NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
        qualified officers extending period of active service.
            (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
        bonus.
            (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
        incentive bonus.
SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
                        CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, 
                        AND BONUS AUTHORITIES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.

[[Page 129 STAT. 839]]

            (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for nuclear officers.
            (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
        and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps.
            (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.
SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
                        OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2016'':
            (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
        bonus.
            (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
            (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for 
        active members.
            (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
            (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members 
        of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language 
        proficiency.
            (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
        officers in critical skills.
            (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
        conversion to military occupational specialty to ease personnel 
        shortage.
            (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for transfer 
        between Armed Forces.
            (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
        candidates.
SEC. 616. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM ANNUAL AMOUNT OF NUCLEAR OFFICER 
                        BONUS PAY.

    Section 333(d)(1)(A) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$35,000'' and inserting ``$50,000''.
SEC. 617. MODIFICATION TO SPECIAL AVIATION INCENTIVE PAY AND BONUS 
                        AUTHORITIES FOR OFFICERS.

    (a) Clarification of Secretarial Authority To Set Requirements for 
Aviation Incentive Pay Eligibility.--Subsection (a) of section 334 of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) 
        as subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), (D), and (E), respectively, and 
        moving the margin of such subparagraphs, as so redesignated, 2 
        ems to the right;
            (2) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) Incentive pay authorized.--The Secretary''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 840]]

            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Officers not currently engaged in flying duty.--The 
        Secretary concerned may pay aviation incentive pay under this 
        section to an officer who is otherwise qualified for such pay 
        but who is not currently engaged in the performance of 
        operational flying duty or proficiency flying duty if the 
        Secretary determines, under regulations prescribed under section 
        374 of this title, that payment of aviation incentive pay to 
        that officer is in the best interests of the service.''.

    (b) Restoration of Authority To Pay Aviation Incentive Pay to 
Medical Officers Performing Flight Surgeon Duties.--Subsection (h)(1) of 
such section is amended by striking ``(except a flight surgeon or other 
medical officer)''.
    (c) Increase in Maximum Amount of Aviation Special Pays for Flying 
Duty of Remotely Piloted Aircraft.--Subsection (c)(1) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``exceed $850 per 
        month; and'' and inserting ``exceed--
                          ``(i) $1,000 per month for officers performing 
                      qualifying flying duty relating to remotely 
                      piloted aircraft (RPA); or
                          ``(ii) $850 per month for officers performing 
                      other qualifying flying duty; and''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$25,000'' and all 
        that follows and inserting ``, for each 12-month period of 
        obligated service agreed to under subsection (d)--
                          ``(i) $35,000 for officers performing 
                      qualifying flying duty relating to remotely 
                      piloted aircraft; or
                          ``(ii) $25,000 for officers performing other 
                      qualifying flying duty.''.

    (d) Authority To Pay Aviation Bonus and Skill Incentive Pay to 
Officers Simultaneously.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``353'' and inserting 
        ``353(a)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``a payment'' and inserting ``a 
                bonus payment''; and
                    (B) by striking ``353'' and inserting ``353(b)''.

    (e) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
setting forth the empirical case for an increase in special and 
incentive pay for aviation officers in order to address a specific, 
statistically-based retention problem with respect to such officers. The 
report shall include the results of a study, conducted by the Secretary 
in connection with the case, on a market-based compensation approach to 
the retention of such officers that considers the pay and allowances 
offered by commercial airlines to pilots and the propensity of pilots to 
leave the Air Force to become commercial airline pilots.
SEC. 618. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE AUTHORITY TO PAY BONUS TO ENCOURAGE 
                        ARMY PERSONNEL TO REFER PERSONS FOR 
                        ENLISTMENT IN THE ARMY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 3252 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.

[[Page 129 STAT. 841]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 333 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 3251 prec.>> amended by 
striking the item relating to section 3252.

            Subtitle C--Travel and Transportation Allowances

SEC. 621. TRANSPORTATION TO TRANSFER CEREMONIES FOR FAMILY AND 
                        NEXT OF KIN OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                        WHO DIE OVERSEAS DURING HUMANITARIAN 
                        OPERATIONS.

    Section 481f(e)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``(including during a humanitarian relief operation)'' after 
``located or serving overseas''.
SEC. 622. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE SPECIAL TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION 
                        ALLOWANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FROM THE 
                        VIETNAM CONFLICT.

    (a) Repeal and Redesignation.--Section 481f of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively.

    (b) Conforming Amendment to Cross Reference.--Section 
2493(a)(4)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``section 481f(e)'' and inserting ``section 481f(d)''.
SEC. 623. STUDY AND REPORT ON POLICY CHANGES TO THE JOINT TRAVEL 
                        REGULATIONS.

    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the impact of the policy changes to the Joint Travel 
Regulations for the Uniformed Service Members and Department of Defense 
Civilian Employees related to flat rate per diem for long term temporary 
duty travel that took effect on November 1, 2014. The study shall assess 
the following:
            (1) The impact of such changes on shipyard workers who 
        travel on long-term temporary duty assignments.
            (2) Whether such changes have discouraged employees of the 
        Department of Defense, including civilian employees at shipyards 
        and depots, from volunteering for important temporary duty 
        travel assignments.

    (b) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2016, the Comptroller General 
shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on 
the study required by subsection (a).

[[Page 129 STAT. 842]]

     Subtitle D--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

                       PART I--RETIRED PAY REFORM

SEC. 631. MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                        UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    (a) Regular Service.--Section 1409(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Modernized retirement system.--
                    ``(A) Reduced multiplier for full tsp members.--
                Notwithstanding paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), in the 
                case of a member who first becomes a member of the 
                uniformed services on or after January 1, 2018, or a 
                member who makes the election described in subparagraph 
                (B) (referred to as a `full TSP member')--
                          ``(i) paragraph (1)(A) shall be applied by 
                      substituting `2' for `2\1/2\';
                          ``(ii) clause (i) of paragraph (3)(B) shall be 
                      applied by substituting `60 percent' for `75 
                      percent'; and
                          ``(iii) clause (ii)(I) of such paragraph shall 
                      be applied by substituting `2' for `2\1/2\'.
                    ``(B) Election to participate in modernized 
                retirement system.--Pursuant to subparagraph (C), a 
                member of a uniformed service serving on December 31, 
                2017, who has served in the uniformed services for fewer 
                than 12 years as of December 31, 2017, may elect, in 
                exchange for the reduced multipliers described in 
                subparagraph (A) for purposes of calculating the retired 
                pay of the member, to receive Thrift Savings Plan 
                contributions pursuant to section 8440e(e) of title 5.
                    ``(C) Election period.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                      clauses (ii) and (iii), a member of a uniformed 
                      service described in subparagraph (B) may make the 
                      election authorized by that subparagraph only 
                      during the period that begins on January 1, 2018, 
                      and ends on December 31, 2018.
                          ``(ii) Hardship extension.--The Secretary 
                      concerned may extend the election period described 
                      in clause (i) for a member who experiences a 
                      hardship as determined by the Secretary concerned.
                          ``(iii) Effect of break in service.--A member 
                      of a uniformed service who returns to service 
                      after a break in service that occurs during the 
                      election period specified in clause (i) shall make 
                      the election described in subparagraph (B) within 
                      30 days after the date of the reentry into service 
                      of the member.
                    ``(D) No retroactive contributions pursuant to 
                election.--Thrift Savings Plan contributions may not be 
                made for a member making an election pursuant to 
                subparagraph (B) for any period beginning before the 
                date of the member's election under that subparagraph by 
                reason of the member's election.

[[Page 129 STAT. 843]]

                    ``(E) Regulations.--The Secretary concerned shall 
                prescribe regulations to implement this paragraph.''.

    (b) Non-regular Service.--Section 12739 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Modernized Retirement System.--
            ``(1) Reduced multiplier for full tsp members.--
        Notwithstanding subsection (a) or (c), in the case of a person 
        who first performs reserve component service on or after January 
        1, 2018, after not having performed regular or reserve component 
        service on or before that date, or a person who makes the 
        election described in paragraph (2) (referred to as a `full TSP 
        member')--
                    ``(A) subsection (a)(2) shall be applied by 
                substituting `2 percent' for `2\1/2\ percent';
                    ``(B) subparagraph (A) of subsection (c)(2) shall be 
                applied by substituting `60 percent' for `75 percent'; 
                and
                    ``(C) subparagraph (B)(ii) of such subsection shall 
                be applied by substituting `2 percent' for `2\1/2\ 
                percent'.
            ``(2) Election to participate in modernized retirement 
        system.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Pursuant to subparagraph (B), a 
                person performing reserve component service on December 
                31, 2017, who has performed fewer than 12 years of 
                service as of December 31, 2017 (as computed in 
                accordance with section 12733 of this title), may elect, 
                in exchange for the reduced multipliers described in 
                paragraph (1) for purposes of calculating the retired 
                pay of the person, to receive Thrift Savings Plan 
                contributions pursuant to section 8440e(e) of title 5.
                    ``(B) Election period.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                      clauses (ii) and (iii), a person described in 
                      subparagraph (A) may make the election described 
                      in that subparagraph during the period that begins 
                      on January 1, 2018, and ends on December 31, 2018.
                          ``(ii) Hardship extension.--The Secretary 
                      concerned may extend the election period described 
                      in clause (i) for a person who experiences a 
                      hardship as determined by the Secretary concerned.
                          ``(iii) Persons experiencing break in 
                      service.--A person returning to reserve component 
                      service after a break in reserve component service 
                      in which falls the election period specified in 
                      clause (i) shall make the election described in 
                      subparagraph (A) on the date of the reentry into 
                      service of the person.
                    ``(C) No retroactive contributions pursuant to 
                election.--Thrift Savings Plan contributions may not be 
                made for a person making an election pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A) for any pay period beginning before the 
                date of the person's election under that subparagraph by 
                reason of the person's election.
            ``(3) Regulations.--The Secretary concerned shall prescribe 
        regulations to implement this subsection.''.

    (c) Coordinating Amendments to Other Retirement Authorities.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 844]]

            (1) Disability, warrant officers, and dopma retired pay.--
                    (A) Computation of retired pay.--The table in 
                section 1401(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
                amended--
                          (i) in paragraph (1) in column 2 of formula 
                      number 1, by striking ``2\1/2\% of years of 
                      service credited to him under section 1208'' and 
                      inserting ``the retired pay multiplier determined 
                      for the member under section 1409 of this title''; 
                      and
                          (ii) in paragraph (1) in column 2 of formula 
                      number 2, by striking ``2\1/2\% of years of 
                      service credited to him under section 1208'' and 
                      inserting ``the retired pay multiplier determined 
                      for the member under section 1409 of this title''; 
                      and
                          (iii) in column 2 of each of formula number 4 
                      and formula number 5, by striking ``section 
                      1409(a)'' and inserting ``section 1409''.
                    (B) Clarification regarding modernized retirement 
                system.--Section 1401a(b) of title 10, United States 
                Code, is amended--
                          (i) by redesignating paragraph (5) as 
                      paragraph (6); and
                          (ii) by inserting after paragraph (4) the 
                      following new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) Adjustments for participants in modernized retirement 
        system.--Notwithstanding paragraph (3), if a member or former 
        member participates in the modernized retirement system by 
        reason of section 1409(b)(4) of this title (including pursuant 
        to an election under subparagraph (B) of that section), the 
        Secretary shall increase the retired pay of such member in 
        accordance with paragraph (2).''.
            (2) 15-year career status bonus.--Section 354 of title 37, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (f)--
                          (i) by striking ``If a'' and inserting ``(1) 
                      If a''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      paragraph:

    ``(2) If a person who is paid a bonus under this section 
subsequently makes an election described in section 1409(b)(4)(B) of 
title 10, the person shall repay any bonus payments received under this 
section in the same manner as repayments are made under section 373 of 
this title.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:

    ``(g) Sunset and Continuation of Payments.--(1) A Secretary 
concerned may not pay a new bonus under this section after December 31, 
2017.
    ``(2) Subject to subsection (f)(2), the Secretary concerned may 
continue to make payments for bonuses that were awarded under this 
section on or before the date specified in paragraph (1).''.
            (3) Application to national oceanic and atmospheric 
        administration commissioned corps.--Paragraph (2) of section 
        245(a) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
        Commissioned Officer Corps Act of 2002 (33 U.S.C. 3045(a)) is 
        amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) the retired pay multiplier determined under section 
        1409 of such title for the number of years of service that may 
        be credited to the officer under section 1405 of such title

[[Page 129 STAT. 845]]

        as if the officer's service were service as a member of the 
        Armed Forces.''.
            (4) Application to public health service.--Section 211(a)(4) 
        of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 212(a)(4)) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``at the rate of 2 \1/2\ per centum of the 
                basic pay of the highest grade held by him as such 
                officer'' and inserting ``calculated by multiplying the 
                retired pay base determined under section 1406 of title 
                10, United States Code, by the retired pay multiplier 
                determined under section 1409 of such title for the 
                numbers of years of service credited to the officer 
                under this paragraph''; and
                    (B) in the matter following subparagraph (B)(iii)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``such 
                      pay, and'' and inserting ``such pay,''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``such 
                      basic pay.'' and inserting ``such basic pay, and 
                      (E) in the case of any officer who participates in 
                      the modernized retirement system by reason of 
                      section 1409(b) of title 10, United States Code 
                      (including pursuant to an election under 
                      subparagraph (B) of that section), subparagraph 
                      (C) shall be applied by substituting `40 per 
                      centum' for `50 per centum' each place the term 
                      appears.''.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1401a note.>>  Repeal of Reduced Cost-of-living 
Adjustments for Members Under the Age of 62.--The following amendments 
shall not take effect:
            (1) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1401a, 1410.>>  The amendments to be made 
        by section 403 of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 (Public Law 
        113-67; 127 Stat. 1186), as amended by section 10001(a) of the 
        Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2014 (division C of 
        Public Law 113-76; 128 Stat. 151), section 2 of Public Law 113-
        82 (128 Stat. 1009), and section 623 of the Carl Levin and 
        Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3403).
            (2) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1401a, 1413a, 1414.>>  The amendments to 
        be made by section 10001(b) of the Department of Defense 
        Appropriations Act, 2014.
SEC. 632. FULL PARTICIPATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES 
                        IN THE THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN.

    (a) Modernized Retirement System.--
            (1) Definitions.--Section 8440e(a) of title 5, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
        inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) the term `basic pay' means basic pay payable under 
        section 204 of title 37;
            ``(2) the term `full TSP member' means a member described in 
        subsection (e)(1);
            ``(3) the term `member' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 211 of title 37; and
            ``(4) the term `Secretary concerned' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 101 of title 37.''.
            (2) TSP contributions.--Subsection (e) of section 8440e of 
        title 5, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    ``(e) Modernized Retirement System.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 846]]

            ``(1) TSP contributions.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, the Secretary concerned shall make 
        contributions to the Thrift Savings Fund, in accordance with 
        section 8432 (except to the extent the requirements under such 
        section are modified by this subsection), for the benefit of a 
        member--
                    ``(A) who first enters a uniformed service on or 
                after January 1, 2018; or
                    ``(B) who--
                          ``(i) first entered a uniformed service before 
                      January 1, 2018;
                          ``(ii) has completed fewer than 12 years of 
                      service in the uniformed services as of December 
                      31, 2017; and
                          ``(iii) makes the election described in 
                      section 1409(b)(4)(B) or 12729(f)(2) of title 10 
                      to receive Thrift Savings Plan contributions under 
                      this subsection in exchange for the reduced 
                      multipliers described in section 1409(b)(4)(A) or 
                      12739(f)(1) of title 10, as applicable, for 
                      purposes of calculating the retired pay of the 
                      member.
            ``(2) Maximum amount.--The amount contributed under this 
        subsection by the Secretary concerned for the benefit of a full 
        TSP member for any pay period shall not be more than 5 percent 
        of the member's basic pay for such pay period. Any such 
        contribution under this subsection, though in accordance with 
        section 8432 as provided in paragraph (1), is instead of, and 
        not in addition to, amounts contributable under section 8432 as 
        provided in section 8432(c).
            ``(3) Timing and duration of contributions.--
                    ``(A) Automatic contributions.--The Secretary 
                concerned shall make a contribution described in section 
                8432(c)(1) under this subsection for the benefit of a 
                member described in paragraph (1) for any pay period 
                during the period that--
                          ``(i) begins--
                                    ``(I) on or after the day that is 60 
                                days afer the date the member first 
                                enters a uniformed service, in the case 
                                of a member described in paragraph 
                                (1)(A); or
                                    ``(II) on or after the date the 
                                member makes the election described in 
                                paragraph (1)(B), in the case of a 
                                member making such an election; and
                          ``(ii) ends on the day such member completes 
                      26 years of service as a member of the uniformed 
                      services.
                    ``(B) Matching contributions.--The Secretary 
                concerned shall make a contribution described in section 
                8432(c)(2) under this subsection for the benefit of a 
                member described in paragraph (1) for any pay period 
                during the period that--
                          ``(i) begins--
                                    ``(I) on or after the day that is 2 
                                years and 1 day after the date the 
                                member first enters a uniformed service, 
                                in the case of a member described in 
                                paragraph (1)(A); or
                                    ``(II) on or after the date the 
                                member makes the election described in 
                                paragraph (1)(B), in the case of a 
                                member making such an election; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 847]]

                          ``(ii) ends on the day such member completes 
                      26 years of service as a member of the uniformed 
                      services.
            ``(4) Protections for spouses and former spouses.--Section 
        8435 shall apply to a full TSP member in the same manner as such 
        section is applied to an employee or Member under such 
        section.''.

    (b) Automatic Enrollment in Thrift Savings Plan.--Section 8432(b)(2) 
of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by striking ``Members'' and 
        inserting ``(ii) Except in the case of a full TSP member (as 
        defined in section 8440e(a)), members'';
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``8440e(a)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``8440e(b)(1)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

    ``(F) Notwithstanding any other provision of this paragraph, if a 
full TSP member (as defined in section 8440e(a)) has declined automatic 
enrollment into the Thrift Savings Plan for a year, the full TSP member 
shall be automatically reenrolled on January 1 of the succeeding year, 
with contributions under subsection (a) at the default percentage of 
basic pay.''.
    (c) Vesting.--
            (1) Two-years of service.--Section 8432(g)(2) of title 5, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(iii), by striking ``or'' 
                after the semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) 2 years of service in the case of a member of the 
        uniformed services.''.
            (2) Separation.--Section 8432(g) of title 5, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:

    ``(6) For purposes of this subsection, a member of the uniformed 
services shall be considered to have separated from Government 
employment if the member is discharged or released from service in the 
uniformed services.''.
    (d) Thrift Savings Plan Default Investment Fund.--Section 8438(c)(2) 
of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(A) Consistent with 
        the requirements of subparagraph (B), if an'' and inserting ``If 
        an''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B).

    (e) Repeal of Separate Contribution Agreement Authority.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 211 of title 37, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 8432b(c)(2)(B) of title 
        5, United States Code, is amended by striking ``(including 
        pursuant to an agreement under section 211(d) of title 37)''.
SEC. 633. LUMP SUM PAYMENTS OF CERTAIN RETIRED PAY.

    (a) Lump Sum Payments of Certain Retired Pay.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 848]]

            (1) In general.--Chapter 71 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1415. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1415.>>  Lump sum payment of certain 
                  retired pay

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered retired pay.--The term `covered retired pay' 
        means retired pay under--
                    ``(A) this title;
                    ``(B) title 14;
                    ``(C) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
                Administration Commissioned Officer Corps Act of 2002 
                (33 U.S.C. 3001 et seq.); or
                    ``(D) the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 201 
                et seq.).
            ``(2) Eligible person.--The term `eligible person' means a 
        person who--
                    ``(A)(i) first becomes a member of a uniformed 
                service on or after January 1, 2018; or
                    ``(ii) makes the election described in section 
                1409(b)(4)(B) or 12739(f)(2) of this title; and
                    ``(B) does not retire or separate under chapter 61 
                of this title.
            ``(3) Retirement age.--The term `retirement age' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 216(l) of the Social Security 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 416(l)).

    ``(b) Election of Lump Sum Payment of Certain Retired Pay.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible person entitled to covered 
        retired pay (including an eligible person who is entitled to 
        such pay by reason of an election described in subsection 
        (a)(2)(A)(ii)) may elect to receive--
                    ``(A) a lump sum payment of the discounted present 
                value at the time of the election of an amount of the 
                covered retired pay that the eligible person is 
                otherwise entitled to receive for the period beginning 
                on the date of retirement and ending on the date the 
                eligible person attains the eligible person's retirement 
                age equal to--
                          ``(i) 50 percent of the amount of such covered 
                      retired pay during such period; or
                          ``(ii) 25 percent of the amount of such 
                      covered retired pay during such period; and
                    ``(B) a monthly amount during the period described 
                in subparagraph (A) equal to--
                          ``(i) in the case of an eligible person 
                      electing to receive an amount described in 
                      subparagraph (A)(i), 50 percent of the amount of 
                      monthly covered retired pay the eligible person is 
                      otherwise entitled to receive during such period; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) in the case of an eligible person 
                      electing to receive an amount described in 
                      subparagraph (A)(ii), 75 percent of the amount of 
                      monthly covered retired pay the eligible person is 
                      otherwise entitled to receive during such period
            ``(2) Discounted present value.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall compute the discounted present value of amounts of covered 
        retired pay that an eligible person is otherwise

[[Page 129 STAT. 849]]

        entitled to receive for a period for purposes of paragraph 
        (1)(A) by--
                    ``(A) estimating the aggregate amount of retired pay 
                the person would receive for the period, taking into 
                account cost-of-living adjustments under section 1401a 
                of this title projected by the Secretary at the time the 
                person separates from service and would otherwise begin 
                receiving covered retired pay; and
                    ``(B) reducing the aggregate amount estimated 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A) by an appropriate 
                percentage determined by the Secretary--
                          ``(i) using average personal discount rates 
                      (as defined and calculated by the Secretary taking 
                      into consideration applicable and reputable 
                      studies of personal discount rates for military 
                      personnel and past actuarial experience in the 
                      calculation of personal discount rates under this 
                      paragraph); and
                          ``(ii) in accordance with generally accepted 
                      actuarial principles and practices.
            ``(3) Timing of election.--An eligible person shall make the 
        election under this subsection not later than 90 days before the 
        date of the retirement of the eligible person from the uniformed 
        services.
            ``(4) Single payment or combination of payments.--An 
        eligible person may elect to receive a lump sum payment under 
        this subsection in a single payment or in a combination of 
        payments.
            ``(5) Commencement of payment.--An eligible person who makes 
        an election under this subsection shall receive the lump sum 
        payment, or the first installment of a combination of payments 
        of the lump sum payment if elected under paragraph (4), as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
                retirement of the eligible person from the uniformed 
                services.
                    ``(B) In the case of an eligible person who is a 
                member of a reserve component, not later than 60 days 
                after the earlier of--
                          ``(i) the date on which the eligible person 
                      attains 60 years of age; or
                          ``(ii) the date on which the eligible person 
                      first becomes entitled to covered retired pay.
            ``(6) No subsequent adjustment.--An eligible person who 
        accepts payment of a lump sum under this subsection may not seek 
        the review of or otherwise challenge the amount of the lump sum 
        in light of any variation in cost-of-living adjustments under 
        section 1401a of this title, actuarial assumptions, or other 
        factors used by the Secretary in calculating the amount of the 
        lump sum that occur after the Secretary pays the lump sum.

    ``(c) Resumption of Monthly Annuity.--
            ``(1) General rule.--Subject to paragraph (2), an eligible 
        person who makes an election described in subsection (b)(1) 
        shall be entitled to receive the eligible person's monthly 
        covered retired pay calculated in accordance with paragraph (2) 
        after the eligible person attains the eligible person's 
        retirement age.
            ``(2) Restoration of full retirement amount at retirement 
        age.--The retired pay of an eligible person who makes

[[Page 129 STAT. 850]]

        an election described in subsection (a) shall be recomputed, 
        effective on the first day of the first month beginning after 
        the person attains the eligible person's retirement age, so as 
        to be an amount equal to the amount of covered retired pay to 
        which the eligible person would otherwise be entitled on that 
        date if the annual increases, in the retired pay of the eligible 
        person made to reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index, had 
        been made in accordance with section 1401a of this title.

    ``(d) Payment of Retired Pay to Persons Not Making Election.--An 
eligible person who does not make the election described in subsection 
(b)(1) shall be paid the retired pay to which the eligible person is 
otherwise entitled under the applicable provisions of law referred to in 
subsection (a)(1).
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense concerned shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out the provisions of this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 71 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 1401 
        prec.>> amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``1415. Lump sum payment of certain retired pay.''.

            (3) Payments from department of defense military retirement 
        fund.--Section 1463(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``or 1414'' and inserting ``, 1414, or 
        1415''.

    (b) Offset of Veterans Pension and Compensation by Amount of Lump 
Sum Payments.--Section 5304 of title 38, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) Other than amounts payable under section 1413a or 1414 of 
title 10, the amount of pension and compensation benefits payable to a 
person under this title shall be reduced by the amount of any lump sum 
payment made to such person under section 1415 of title 10.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall collect any reduction under paragraph (1) 
from amounts otherwise payable to the person under this title, including 
pension and compensation payable under this title, before any pension 
and compensation payments under this title may be paid to the person.''.
SEC. 634. CONTINUATION PAY FOR FULL TSP MEMBERS WITH 12 YEARS OF 
                        SERVICE.

    (a) Continuation Pay.--Subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:
``Sec. 356. <<NOTE: 37 USC 356.>>  Continuation pay: full TSP 
                members with 12 years of service

    ``(a) Continuation Pay.--The Secretary concerned shall make a 
payment of continuation pay to each full TSP member (as defined in 
section 8440e(a) of title 5) of the uniformed services under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary who--
            ``(1) completes 12 years of service; and
            ``(2) enters into an agreement with the Secretary to serve 
        for an additional 4 years of obligated service.

[[Page 129 STAT. 851]]

    ``(b) Amount.--The amount of continuation pay payable to a full TSP 
member under subsection (a) shall be the amount that is equal to--
            ``(1) in the case of a member of a regular component--
                    ``(A) the monthly basic pay of the member at 12 
                years of service multiplied by 2.5; plus
                    ``(B) at the discretion of the Secretary concerned, 
                the monthly basic pay of the member at 12 years of 
                service multiplied by such number of months (not to 
                exceed 13 months) as the Secretary concerned shall 
                specify in the agreement of the member under subsection 
                (a); and
            ``(2) in the case of a member of a reserve component--
                    ``(A) the amount of monthly basic pay to which the 
                member would be entitled at 12 years of service if the 
                member were a member of a regular component multiplied 
                by 0.5; plus
                    ``(B) at the discretion of the Secretary concerned, 
                the amount of monthly basic pay described in 
                subparagraph (A) multiplied by such number of months 
                (not to exceed 6 months) as the Secretary concerned 
                shall specify in the agreement of the member under 
                subsection (a).

    ``(c) Additional Discretionary Authority.--In addition to the 
continuation pay required under subsection (a), the Secretary concerned 
may provide continuation pay under this subsection to a full TSP member 
described in subsection (a), and subject to the service agreement 
referred to in paragraph (2) of such subsection, in an amount determined 
by the Secretary concerned.
    ``(d) Timing of Payment.--The Secretary concerned shall pay 
continuation pay under subsection (a) to a full TSP member when the 
member completes 12 years of service. If the Secretary concerned also 
provides continuation pay under subsection (c) to the member, that 
continuation pay shall be provided when the member completes 12 years of 
service.
    ``(e) Lump Sum or Installments.--A full TSP member may elect to 
receive continuation pay provided under subsection (a) or (c) in a lump 
sum or in a series of not more than four payments.
    ``(f) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--Continuation pay 
under this section is in addition to any other pay or allowance to which 
the full TSP member is entitled.
    ``(g) Repayment.--A full TSP member who receives continuation pay 
under this section (a) and fails to complete the obligated service 
required under such subsection shall be subject to the repayment 
provisions of section 373 of this title.
    ``(h) Regulations.--Each Secretary concerned shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 5 of title 37, United States <<NOTE: 37 USC 301 prec.>> Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``356. Continuation pay: full TSP members with 12 years of service.''.

SEC. 635. <<NOTE: 5 USC 8432 note.>>  EFFECTIVE DATE AND 
                        IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this part shall take 
effect on January 1, 2018.
    (b) Implementation.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 852]]

            (1) In general.--The Secretaries concerned, the Director of 
        the Office of Personnel Management, and the Federal Retirement 
        Thrift Investment Board shall each and jointly take appropriate 
        actions to ensure the full and effective implementation of the 
        amendments made by this part in order to ensure that members of 
        the uniformed services will be able to participate in the 
        modernized retirement plan provided by this part commencing on 
        the date specified in subsection (a).
            (2) Implementation plan.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the 
        Secretaries concerned shall submit to the appropriate committees 
        of Congress a report containing a plan to ensure the full and 
        effective commencement and operational implementation of the 
        amendments made by this part in accordance with paragraph (1).

    (c) Additional Technical and Conforming Amendments.--The report 
required by subsection (b) shall contain a draft of such legislation as 
may be necessary to make any additional technical and conforming changes 
to titles 10 and 37, United States Code, and other provisions of law 
that are required or should be made by reason of the amendments made by 
this part.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Natural 
                Resources, the Committee on Oversight and Government 
                Reform, and the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure of the House of Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee 
                on Energy and Natural Resources, the Committee on 
                Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the 
                Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of 
                the Senate.
            (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101 of title 37, United States Code.

                         PART II--OTHER MATTERS

SEC. 641. DEATH OF FORMER SPOUSE BENEFICIARIES AND SUBSEQUENT 
                        REMARRIAGES UNDER THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT 
                        PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 1448(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(7) Effect of death of former spouse beneficiary.--
                    ``(A) Termination of participation in plan.--A 
                person who elects to provide an annuity to a former 
                spouse under paragraph (2) or (3) and whose former 
                spouse subsequently dies is no longer a participant in 
                the Plan, effective on the date of death of the former 
                spouse.
                    ``(B) Authority for election of new spouse 
                beneficiary.--If a person's participation in the Plan is 
                discontinued by reason of the death of a former spouse 
                beneficiary, the person may elect to resume 
                participation in the Plan and to elect a new spouse 
                beneficiary as follows:
                          ``(i) Married on the date of death of former 
                      spouse.--A person who is married at the time of 
                      the death of the former spouse beneficiary may 
                      elect to

[[Page 129 STAT. 853]]

                      provide coverage to that person's spouse. Such an 
                      election must be received by the Secretary 
                      concerned within one year after the date of death 
                      of the former spouse beneficiary.
                          ``(ii) Marriage after death of former spouse 
                      beneficiary.--A person who is not married at the 
                      time of the death of the former spouse beneficiary 
                      and who later marries may elect to provide spouse 
                      coverage. Such an election must be received by the 
                      Secretary concerned within one year after the date 
                      on which that person marries.
                    ``(C) Effective date of election.--The effective 
                date of election under this paragraph shall be as 
                follows:
                          ``(i) An election under subparagraph (B)(i) is 
                      effective as of the first day of the first 
                      calendar month following the death of the former 
                      spouse beneficiary.
                          ``(ii) An election under subparagraph (B)(ii) 
                      is effective as of the first day of the first 
                      calendar month following the month in which the 
                      election is received by the Secretary concerned.
                    ``(D) Level of coverage.--A person making an 
                election under subparagraph (B) may not reduce the base 
                amount previously elected.
                    ``(E) Procedures.--An election under this paragraph 
                shall be in writing, signed by the participant, and made 
                in such form and manner as the Secretary concerned may 
                prescribe.
                    ``(F) Irrevocability.--An election under this 
                paragraph is irrevocable.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1448 note.>>  Effective Date.--Paragraph (7) of 
section 1448(b) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), shall apply with respect to any person whose former spouse 
beneficiary dies on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1448 note.>>  Applicability to Former Spouse 
Deaths Before Enactment.--
            (1) In general.--A person--
                    (A) who before the date of the enactment of this Act 
                had a former spouse beneficiary under the Survivor 
                Benefit Plan who died before that date; and
                    (B) who on the date of the enactment of this Act is 
                married,
        may elect to provide spouse coverage for such spouse under the 
        Plan, regardless of whether the person married such spouse 
        before or after the death of the former spouse beneficiary. Any 
        such election may only be made during the one-year period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Effective date of election if married at least a year at 
        death former spouse.--If the person providing the annuity was 
        married to the spouse beneficiary for at least one year at the 
        time of the death of the former spouse beneficiary, the 
        effective date of such election shall be the first day of the 
        first month after the death of the former spouse beneficiary.
            (3) Other effective date.--If the person providing the 
        annuity married the spouse beneficiary after (or during the one-
        year period preceding) the death of the former spouse 
        beneficiary, the effective date of the election shall be the 
        first

[[Page 129 STAT. 854]]

        day of the first month following the first anniversary of the 
        person's marriage to the spouse beneficiary.
            (4) Responsibility for premiums.--A person electing to 
        participate in the Plan under this subsection shall be 
        responsible for payment of all premiums due from the effective 
        date of the election.

    Subtitle E--Commissary and Non-Appropriated Fund Instrumentality 
                         Benefits and Operations

SEC. 651. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2481 note.>>  PLAN TO OBTAIN BUDGET-
                        NEUTRALITY FOR THE DEFENSE COMMISSARY 
                        SYSTEM AND THE MILITARY EXCHANGE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth a comprehensive 
plan to achieve by October 1, 2018, budget-neutrality in the delivery of 
commissary and exchange benefits while meeting the benchmarks set forth 
in subsection (c). In preparing the report, the Secretary shall consider 
the report required by section 634 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3406) and any other previous reports, 
studies, and surveys of matters appropriate to the report.
    (b) Report Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of any modifications to the commissary and 
        exchange benefit systems the Secretary considers appropriate to 
        obtain budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and 
        exchange benefits, including the following:
                    (A) The establishment of common business processes, 
                practices, and systems to exploit synergies between the 
                operations of defense commissaries and exchanges and to 
                optimize the operations of the resale system and the 
                benefits provided by the commissaries and exchanges.
                    (B) The privatization of the defense commissary 
                system and the military exchange system, in whole or in 
                part.
                    (C) Engagement of major commercial grocery retailers 
                or other private sector entities to determine their 
                willingness to provide eligible beneficiaries with 
                discount savings on grocery products and certain 
                household goods.
                    (D) The closure of commissaries in locations in 
                close proximity to other commissaries or in locations 
                where commercial alternatives, through major grocery 
                retailers, may be available.
            (2) An analysis of different pricing constructs to improve 
        or enhance the delivery of commissary and exchange benefits.
            (3) A description of the impact of any modifications 
        described pursuant to paragraph (1) on Morale, Welfare and 
        Recreation (MWR) quality-of-life programs.
            (4) Such recommendations for legislative action as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate to achieve by October 1, 2018, 
        budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and exchange

[[Page 129 STAT. 855]]

        benefits while meeting the benchmarks set forth in subsection 
        (c).

    (c) Benchmarks.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
ensure--
            (1) the maintenance of high levels of customer satisfaction 
        in the delivery of commissary and exchange benefits;
            (2) the provision of high quality products; and
            (3) the sustainment of discount savings to eligible 
        beneficiaries.

    (d) Comptroller General Assessment of Plan.--Not later than 120 days 
after the submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report setting forth an assessment by the Comptroller General of the 
plan to achieve budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and 
exchange benefits while meeting the benchmarks set forth in subsection 
(c) as set forth in the report required by subsection (a).
    (e) Pilot Programs.--
            (1) Programs authorized.--After the reports required by 
        subsections (a) and (d) have been submitted as described in such 
        subsections, the Secretary may, notwithstanding any requirement 
        in chapter 147 of title 10, United States Code, conduct one or 
        more pilot programs to evaluate the feasibility and advisability 
        of processes and methods for achieving budget-neutrality in the 
        delivery of commissary and exchange benefits and other 
        applicable benchmarks in accordance with this section. The 
        Secretary may authorize any commissary or exchange, or private 
        sector entity, participating in any such pilot program to 
        establish appropriate prices in response to market conditions 
        and customer demand, provided that the level of savings required 
        by paragraph (3) is maintained.
            (2) Benchmarks.--If the Secretary conducts a pilot program 
        under this subsection, the Secretary shall establish specific, 
        measurable benchmarks for measuring success in the provision of 
        high quality grocery goods and products, discount savings to 
        patrons, and high levels of customer satisfaction while 
        achieving budget-neutrality in the delivery of commissary and 
        exchange benefits under the pilot program.
            (3) Required savings to patrons.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that the level of savings to commissary and exchange patrons 
        under any pilot program under this subsection is not less than 
        the level of savings to such patrons before the implementation 
        of such pilot program, as follows:
                    (A) Before commencing a pilot program the Secretary 
                shall establish a baseline of savings to patrons 
                achieved for each commissary or exchange to participate 
                in such pilot program by comparing prices charged by 
                such commissary or exchange for a representative market 
                basket of goods to prices charged by local competitors 
                for the same market basket of goods.
                    (B) After commencement of such pilot program, the 
                Secretary shall ensure that each commissary or exchange, 
                or private sector entity, participating in such pilot 
                program conducts market-basket price comparisons not 
                less than once a month and adjusts pricing as necessary 
                to ensure that pricing achieves savings to patrons under 
                such pilot

[[Page 129 STAT. 856]]

                program that are reasonably consistent with the baseline 
                savings for the commissary or exchange established 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A).
            (4) Duration of authority.--The authority of the Secretary 
        to carry out a pilot program under this subsection shall expire 
        on the date that is five years after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act. However, if a pilot program achieves budget-
        neutrality in the delivery of commissary and exchange benefits 
        and other applicable benchmarks, as measured using the 
        benchmarks required by paragraph (2), the Secretary may continue 
        the pilot program for an additional period of up to five years.
            (5) Reports.--
                    (A) Initial reports.--If the Secretary conducts a 
                pilot program under this subsection, the Secretary 
                shall, not later than 30 days before commencing the 
                pilot program, submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                a report on the pilot program, including the following:
                          (i) A description of the pilot program.
                          (ii) The provisions, if any, of chapter 147 of 
                      title 10, United States Code, that will be waived 
                      in the conduct of the pilot program.
                    (B) Final reports.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the completion of any pilot program under this 
                subsection or the date of the commencement of an 
                extension of a pilot program under paragraph (4), the 
                Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                a report on the pilot program, including the following:
                          (i) A description and assessment of the pilot 
                      program.
                          (ii) Such recommendations for administrative 
                      or legislative action as the Secretary considers 
                      appropriate in light of the pilot program.
SEC. 652. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON THE 
                        COMMISSARY SURCHARGE, NON-APPROPRIATED 
                        FUND, AND PRIVATELY-FINANCED MAJOR 
                        CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report on the Commissary Surcharge, Non-
appropriated Fund and Privately-Financed Major Construction Program of 
the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) An assessment whether the Secretary of Defense has 
        established policies and procedures to ensure the timely 
        submittal to the committees of Congress referred to in 
        subsection (a) of notice on construction projects proposed to be 
        funded through the program referred to in that subsection.
            (2) An assessment whether the Secretaries of the military 
        departments have developed and implemented policies and 
        procedures to comply with the policies and directives of the

[[Page 129 STAT. 857]]

        Department of Defense for the submittal to such committees of 
        Congress of notice on such construction projects.
            (3) An assessment whether the Secretary of Defense has 
        established policies and procedures to notify such committees of 
        Congress when such construction projects have been commenced 
        without notice to Congress.
            (4) An assessment whether construction projects described in 
        paragraph (3) have been completed before submittal of notice to 
        Congress as described in that paragraph and, if so, a list of 
        such projects.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 661. IMPROVEMENT OF FINANCIAL LITERACY AND PREPAREDNESS OF 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Sense of Congress on Financial Literacy and Preparedness of 
Members.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense should strengthen arrangements 
        with other departments and agencies of the Federal Government 
        and nonprofit organizations in order to improve the financial 
        literacy and preparedness of members of the Armed Forces; and
            (2) the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
        Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces should provide support for 
        the financial literacy and preparedness training carried out 
        under section 992 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
        subsections (b), (c), and (d).

    (b) Provision of Financial Literacy and Preparedness Training.--
Subsection (a) of section 992 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Consumer 
        Education'' and inserting ``Financial Literacy Training'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``education'' in the 
        matter preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting ``financial 
        literacy training'';
            (3) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph:

    ``(2) Training under this subsection shall be provided to a member 
of the armed forces--
            ``(A) as a component of the initial entry training of the 
        member;
            ``(B) upon arrival at the first duty station of the member;
            ``(C) upon arrival at each subsequent duty station, in the 
        case of a member in pay grade E-4 or below or in pay grade O-3 
        or below;
            ``(D) on the date of promotion of the member, in the case of 
        a member in pay grade E-5 or below or in pay grade O-4 or below;
            ``(E) when the member vests in the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) 
        under section 8432(g)(2)(C) of title 5;
            ``(F) when the member becomes entitled to receive 
        continuation pay under section 356 of title 37, at which time 
        the training shall include, at a minimum, information on options 
        available to the member regarding the use of continuation pay;

[[Page 129 STAT. 858]]

            ``(G) at each major life event during the service of the 
        member, such as--
                    ``(i) marriage;
                    ``(ii) divorce;
                    ``(iii) birth of first child; or
                    ``(iv) disabling sickness or condition;
            ``(H) during leadership training;
            ``(I) during pre-deployment training and during post-
        deployment training;
            ``(J) at transition points in the service of the member, 
        such as--
                    ``(i) transition from a regular component to a 
                reserve component;
                    ``(ii) separation from service; or
                    ``(iii) retirement; and
            ``(K) as a component of periodically recurring required 
        training that is provided to the member at a military 
        installation.'';
            (4) in paragraph (3), by striking ``paragraph (2)(B)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (2)(J)''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(4) The Secretary concerned shall prescribe regulations setting 
forth any other events and circumstances (in addition to the events and 
circumstances described in paragraph (2)) upon which the training 
required by this subsection shall be provided.''.
    (c) Survey of Members' Financial Literacy and Preparedness.--Such 
section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):

    ``(d) Financial Literacy and Preparedness Survey.--(1) The Director 
of the Defense Manpower Data Center shall annually include in the status 
of forces survey a survey of the status of the financial literacy and 
preparedness of members of the armed forces.
    ``(2) The results of the annual financial literacy and preparedness 
survey--
            ``(A) shall be used by each of the Secretaries concerned as 
        a benchmark to evaluate and update training provided under this 
        section; and
            ``(B) shall be submitted to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives.''.

    (d) Financial Services Defined.--Subsection (e) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (c)(1) of this section, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Health insurance, budget management, Thrift Savings 
        Plan (TSP), retirement lump sum payments (including rollover 
        options and tax consequences), and Survivor Benefit Plan 
        (SBP).''.

    (e) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading .--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 992. Financial literacy training: financial services''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 50 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 991 
        prec.>> amended by striking the

[[Page 129 STAT. 859]]

        item related to section 992 and inserting the following new 
        item:

``992. Financial literacy training: financial services.''.

    (f) <<NOTE: 10 USC 992 note.>>  Implementations.--Not later than six 
months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
military department concerned and the Secretary of the Department in 
which the Coast Guard is operating shall commence providing financial 
literacy training under section 992 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section, to members of 
the Armed Forces.
SEC. 662. RECORDATION OF OBLIGATIONS FOR INSTALLMENT PAYMENTS OF 
                        INCENTIVE PAYS, ALLOWANCES, AND SIMILAR 
                        BENEFITS WHEN PAYMENT IS DUE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 19 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1015. <<NOTE: 37 USC 1015 note.>>  Recordation of 
                  installment payment obligations for incentive 
                  pays and similar benefits

    ``(a) In General.--In the case of any pay, allowance, bonus, or 
other benefit described in subsection (b) that is paid to a member of 
the uniformed services on an installment basis, each installment payment 
shall be charged to appropriations that are available for obligation at 
the time such payment is payable.
    ``(b) Covered Pay and Benefits.--Subsection (a) applies to any 
incentive pay, special pay, or bonus, or similar periodic payment of pay 
or allowances, or of educational benefits or stipends, that is paid to a 
member of the uniformed services under this title or title 10.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 19 of such title is <<NOTE: 37 USC 1001 prec.>> amended by 
adding at the end the following new item:

``1015. Recordation of installment payment obligations for incentive 
           pays and similar benefits.''.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Access to TRICARE Prime for certain beneficiaries.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing for the TRICARE pharmacy 
           benefits program.
Sec. 703. Expansion of continued health benefits coverage to include 
           discharged and released members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 704. Access to health care under the TRICARE program for 
           beneficiaries of TRICARE Prime.
Sec. 705. Expansion of reimbursement for smoking cessation services for 
           certain TRICARE beneficiaries.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments caused by 
           administrative error under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 712. Publication of data on patient safety, quality of care, 
           satisfaction, and health outcome measures under the TRICARE 
           program.
Sec. 713. Expansion of evaluation of effectiveness of the TRICARE 
           program to include information on patient safety, quality of 
           care, and access to care at military medical treatment 
           facilities.
Sec. 714. Portability of health plans under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 715. Joint uniform formulary for transition of care.
Sec. 716. Licensure of mental health professionals in TRICARE program.

[[Page 129 STAT. 860]]

Sec. 717. Designation of certain non-Department mental health care 
           providers with knowledge relating to treatment of members of 
           the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive standards and access to contraception counseling 
           for members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Provision of transportation of dependent patients relating to 
           obstetrical anesthesia services.
Sec. 722. Extension of authority for DOD-VA Health Care Sharing 
           Incentive Fund.
Sec. 723. Extension of authority for joint Department of Defense-
           Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
           Fund.
Sec. 724. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of the 
           Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 725. Pilot program on urgent care under TRICARE program.
Sec. 726. Pilot program on incentive programs to improve health care 
           provided under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 727. Limitation on availability of funds for Department of Defense 
           Healthcare Management Systems Modernization.
Sec. 728. Submittal of information to Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
           relating to exposure to airborne hazards and open burn pits.
Sec. 729. Plan for development of procedures to measure data on mental 
           health care provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 730. Report on plans to improve experience with and eliminate 
           performance variability of health care provided by the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 731. Comptroller General study on gambling and problem gambling 
           behavior among members of the Armed Forces.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. ACCESS TO TRICARE PRIME FOR CERTAIN BENEFICIARIES.

    Section 732(c)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (10 U.S.C. 1097a note) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) Residence at time of election.--
                    ``(A) Except as provided by subparagraph (B), an 
                affected eligible beneficiary may not make the one-time 
                election under paragraph (1) if, at the time of such 
                election, the beneficiary does not reside--
                          ``(i) in a ZIP code that is in a region 
                      described in subsection (d)(1)(B); and
                          ``(ii) within 100 miles of a military medical 
                      treatment facility.
                    ``(B) Subparagraph (A)(ii) shall not apply with 
                respect to an affected eligible beneficiary who--
                          ``(i) as of December 25, 2013, resides farther 
                      than 100 miles from a military medical treatment 
                      facility; and
                          ``(ii) is such an eligible beneficiary by 
                      reason of service in the Army, Navy, Air Force, or 
                      Marine Corps.''.
SEC. 702. MODIFICATIONS OF COST-SHARING FOR THE TRICARE PHARMACY 
                        BENEFITS PROGRAM.

    (a) Modification of Cost-sharing Amounts.--Subparagraph (A) of 
section 1074g(a)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in clause (i)--
                    (A) in subclause (I), by striking ``$8'' and 
                inserting ``$10''; and
                    (B) in subclause (II), by striking ``$20'' and 
                inserting ``$24''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 861]]

            (2) in clause (ii)--
                    (A) in subclause (II), by striking ``$16'' and 
                inserting ``$20''; and
                    (B) in subclause (III), by striking ``$46'' and 
                inserting ``$49''.

    (b) Modification of COLA Increase.--Subparagraph (C) of such section 
is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``Beginning October 1, 
        2013,'' and inserting ``Beginning October 1, 2016,''; and
            (2) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the following new 
        clause (ii):

    ``(ii) The amount of the increase otherwise provided for a year by 
clause (i) shall be computed as follows:
            ``(I) If the amount of the increase is equal to or greater 
        than 50 cents, the amount of the increase shall be rounded to 
        the nearest multiple of $1.
            ``(II) If the amount of the increase is less than 50 cents, 
        the increase shall not be made for such year, but shall be 
        carried over to, and accumulated with, the amount of the 
        increase for the subsequent year or years and made when the 
        aggregate amount of increases under this clause for a year is 
        equal to or greater than 50 cents.''.
SEC. 703. EXPANSION OF CONTINUED HEALTH BENEFITS COVERAGE TO 
                        INCLUDE DISCHARGED AND RELEASED MEMBERS OF 
                        THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 1078a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) A member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve 
        of a reserve component of the armed forces who--
                    ``(A) is discharged or released from service in the 
                Selected Reserve, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, 
                under other than adverse conditions, as characterized by 
                the Secretary concerned;
                    ``(B) immediately preceding that discharge or 
                release, is enrolled in TRICARE Reserve Select; and
                    ``(C) after that discharge or release, would not 
                otherwise be eligible for any benefits under this 
                chapter.''.

    (b) Notification of Eligibility.--Subsection (c)(2) of such section 
is amended by inserting ``or subsection (b)(2)'' after ``subsection 
(b)(1)''.
    (c) Election of Coverage.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) In the case of a member described in subsection 
        (b)(2), the written election shall be submitted to the Secretary 
        concerned before the end of the 60-day period beginning on the 
        later of--
                    ``(A) the date of the discharge or release of the 
                member from service in the Selected Reserve; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 862]]

                    ``(B) the date the member receives the notification 
                required pursuant to subsection (c).''.

    (d) Coverage of Dependents.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
amended by inserting ``or subsection (b)(2)'' after ``subsection 
(b)(1)''.
    (e) Period of Continued Coverage.--Subsection (g)(1) of such section 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) as 
        subparagraphs (C) through (E); and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
        subparagraph (B):
            ``(B) in the case of a member described in subsection 
        (b)(2), the date which is 18 months after the date the member 
        ceases to be eligible to enroll in TRICARE Reserve Select;''.

    (f) TRICARE Reserve Select Defined.--Such section is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) TRICARE Reserve Select Defined.--In this section, the term 
`TRICARE Reserve Select' means TRICARE Standard coverage provided under 
section 1076d of this title.''.
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection 
                (b)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(3)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``subsection 
                (b)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(4)'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by subsection 
                (c)(1), by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(3)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(4)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``subsection (b)(4)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (b)(5)'';
            (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``subsection (b)(2) or 
        subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(3) or 
        subsection (b)(4)''; and
            (4) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (C), as redesignated by 
                      subsection (e)(1), by striking ``subsection 
                      (b)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)(3)'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D), as so redesignated, 
                      by striking ``subsection (b)(3)'' and inserting 
                      ``subsection (b)(4)''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (E), as so redesignated, 
                      by striking ``subsection (b)(4)'' and inserting 
                      ``subsection (b)(5)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)(B)'' and 
                      inserting ``paragraph (1)(C)''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``subsection (b)(2)'' and 
                      inserting ``subsection (b)(3)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)(C)'' and 
                      inserting ``paragraph (1)(D)''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 863]]

                          (ii) by striking ``subsection (b)(3)'' and 
                      inserting ``subsection (b)(4)''.
SEC. 704. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073 note.>>  ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE UNDER 
                        THE TRICARE PROGRAM FOR BENEFICIARIES OF 
                        TRICARE PRIME.

    (a) Access to Health Care.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that beneficiaries under TRICARE Prime who are seeking an appointment 
for health care under TRICARE Prime shall obtain such an appointment 
within the health care access standards established under subsection 
(b), including through the use of health care providers in the preferred 
provider network of TRICARE Prime.
    (b) Standards for Access to Care.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish health 
        care access standards for the receipt of health care under 
        TRICARE Prime, whether received at military medical treatment 
        facilities or from health care providers in the preferred 
        provider network of TRICARE Prime.
            (2) Categories of care.--The health care access standards 
        established under paragraph (1) shall include standards with 
        respect to the following categories of health care:
                    (A) Primary care, including pediatric care, 
                maternity care, gynecological care, and other 
                subcategories of primary care.
                    (B) Specialty care, including behavioral health care 
                and other subcategories of specialty care.
            (3) Modifications.--The Secretary may modify the health care 
        access standards established under paragraph (1) whenever the 
        Secretary considers the modification of such standards 
        appropriate.
            (4) Publication.--The Secretary shall publish the health 
        care access standards established under paragraph (1), and any 
        modifications to such standards, in the Federal Register and on 
        a publicly accessible Internet website of the Department of 
        Defense.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) TRICARE prime.--The term ``TRICARE Prime'' means the 
        managed care option of the TRICARE program.
            (2) TRICARE program.--The term ``TRICARE program'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 1072(7) of title 10, United 
        States Code.
SEC. 705. EXPANSION OF REIMBURSEMENT FOR SMOKING CESSATION 
                        SERVICES FOR CERTAIN TRICARE 
                        BENEFICIARIES.

    Section 713(f) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4503; 10 U.S.C. 
1074 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``during fiscal year 
        2009'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``during such fiscal 
        year''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``during fiscal year 
        2009'' and inserting ``after September 30, 2008''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 864]]

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. WAIVER OF RECOUPMENT OF ERRONEOUS PAYMENTS CAUSED BY 
                        ADMINISTRATIVE ERROR UNDER THE TRICARE 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1095f the following new section:
``Sec. 1095g. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1095g.>>  TRICARE program: waiver of 
                    recoupment of erroneous payments caused by 
                    administrative error

    ``(a) Waiver of Recoupment.--The Secretary of Defense may waive 
recoupment from an individual who has benefitted from an erroneous 
TRICARE payment in a case in which each of the following applies:
            ``(1) The payment was made because of an administrative 
        error by an employee of the Department of Defense or a 
        contractor under the TRICARE program.
            ``(2) The individual (or in the case of a minor, the parent 
        or guardian of the individual) had a good faith, reasonable 
        belief that the individual was entitled to the benefit of such 
        payment under this chapter.
            ``(3) The individual relied on the expectation of such 
        entitlement.
            ``(4) The Secretary determines that a waiver of recoupment 
        of such payment is necessary to prevent an injustice.

    ``(b) Responsibility of Contractor.--In any case in which the 
Secretary waives recoupment under subsection (a) and the administrative 
error was on the part of a contractor under the TRICARE program, the 
Secretary shall, consistent with the requirements and procedures of the 
applicable contract, impose financial responsibility on the contractor 
for the erroneous payment.
    ``(c) Finality of Determinations.--Any determination by the 
Secretary under this section to waive or decline to waive recoupment 
under subsection (a) is a final determination and shall not be subject 
to appeal or judicial review.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 55 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 prec.>> amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 1095f the following new 
item:

``1095g. TRICARE program: waiver of recoupment of erroneous payments 
           caused by administrative error.''.

SEC. 712. PUBLICATION OF DATA ON PATIENT SAFETY, QUALITY OF CARE, 
                        SATISFACTION, AND HEALTH OUTCOME MEASURES 
                        UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    Section 1073b of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(c) Publication of Data on Patient Safety, Quality of Care, 
Satisfaction, and Health Outcome Measures.--(1) Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall publish on a 
publically available Internet website of the Department of Defense data 
on all measures that the Secretary considers appropriate that are used 
by the Department to assess patient safety, quality of care, patient 
satisfaction, and health

[[Page 129 STAT. 865]]

outcomes for health care provided under the TRICARE program at each 
military medical treatment facility.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall publish an update to the data published 
under paragraph (1) not less frequently than once each quarter during 
each fiscal year.
    ``(3) The Secretary may not include data relating to risk management 
activities of the Department in any publication under paragraph (1) or 
update under paragraph (2).
    ``(4) The Secretary shall ensure that the data published under 
paragraph (1) and updated under paragraph (2) is accessible to the 
public through the primary Internet website of the Department and the 
primary Internet website of the military medical treatment facility with 
respect to which such data applies.''.
SEC. 713. EXPANSION OF EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF THE TRICARE 
                        PROGRAM TO INCLUDE INFORMATION ON PATIENT 
                        SAFETY, QUALITY OF CARE, AND ACCESS TO 
                        CARE AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
                        FACILITIES.

    Section 717(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), in the second 
        sentence, by striking ``address'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``address'' before ``the impact 
                of''; and
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a semicolon;
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) address patient safety, quality of care, and access to 
        care at military medical treatment facilities, including--
                    ``(A) an identification of the number of 
                practitioners providing health care in military medical 
                treatment facilities that were reported to the National 
                Practitioner Data Bank during the year preceding the 
                evaluation; and
                    ``(B) with respect to each military medical 
                treatment facility, an assessment of--
                          ``(i) the current accreditation status of such 
                      facility, including any recommendations for 
                      corrective action made by the relevant accrediting 
                      body;
                          ``(ii) any policies or procedures implemented 
                      during such year by the Secretary of the military 
                      department concerned that were designed to improve 
                      patient safety, quality of care, and access to 
                      care at such facility;
                          ``(iii) data on surgical and maternity care 
                      outcomes during such year;
                          ``(iv) data on appointment wait times during 
                      such year; and
                          ``(v) data on patient safety, quality of care, 
                      and access to care as compared to standards 
                      established by the Department of Defense with 
                      respect to patient safety, quality of care, and 
                      access to care.''.
SEC. 714. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073 note.>>  PORTABILITY OF HEALTH PLANS 
                        UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Health Plan Portability.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 866]]

            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
        covered beneficiaries under the TRICARE program who are covered 
        under a health plan under such program are able to seamlessly 
        access health care under such health plan in each TRICARE 
        program region.
            (2) Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall prescribe 
        regulations to carry out paragraph (1).

    (b) Mechanisms To Ensure Portability.--In carrying out subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) establish a process for electronic notification of 
        contractors responsible for administering the TRICARE program in 
        each TRICARE region when any covered beneficiary intends to 
        relocate between such regions;
            (2) provide for the automatic electronic transfer between 
        such contractors of information relating to covered 
        beneficiaries who are relocating between such regions, including 
        demographic, enrollment, and claims information; and
            (3) ensure each such covered beneficiary is able to obtain a 
        new primary health care provider within ten days of--
                    (A) arriving at the location to which the covered 
                beneficiary has relocated; and
                    (B) initiating a request for a new primary health 
                care provider.

    (c) Publication.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) publish information on any modifications made pursuant 
        to subsection (a) with respect to the ability of covered 
        beneficiaries under the TRICARE program who are covered under a 
        health plan under such program to access health care in each 
        TRICARE region on the primary Internet website of the Department 
        that is available to the public; and
            (2) ensure that such information is made available on the 
        primary Internet website that is available to the public of each 
        current contractor responsible for administering the TRICARE 
        program.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered beneficiary'' 
and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given such terms in section 
1072 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 715. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1074g note.>>  JOINT UNIFORM FORMULARY 
                        FOR TRANSITION OF CARE.

    (a) Joint Formulary.--Not later than June 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall jointly establish a 
joint uniform formulary for the Department of Veterans Affairs and the 
Department of Defense with respect to pharmaceutical agents that are 
critical for the transition of an individual from receiving treatment 
furnished by the Secretary of Defense to treatment furnished by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Selection.--The Secretaries shall select for inclusion on the 
joint uniform formulary established under subsection (a) pharmaceutical 
agents relating to--
            (1) the control of pain, sleep disorders, and psychiatric 
        conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder; and
            (2) any other conditions determined appropriate by the 
        Secretaries.

    (c) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2016, the Secretaries shall 
jointly submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
the joint uniform formulary established under subsection (a),

[[Page 129 STAT. 867]]

including a list of the pharmaceutical agents selected for inclusion on 
the formulary.
    (d) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
prohibit the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
from each maintaining the respective uniform formularies of the 
Department of the Secretary.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives and the Senate.
            (2) The term ``pharmaceutical agent'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 1074g(g) of title 10, United States Code.

    (f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1074g(a)(2)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sentence: ``With respect to members of the uniformed services, such 
uniform formulary shall include pharmaceutical agents on the joint 
uniform formulary established under section 715 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.''.
SEC. 716. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073 note.>>  LICENSURE OF MENTAL HEALTH 
                        PROFESSIONALS IN TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Qualifications for TRICARE Certified Mental Health Counselors 
During Transition Period.--During the period preceding January 1, 2021, 
for purposes of determining whether a mental health care professional is 
eligible for reimbursement under the TRICARE program as a TRICARE 
certified mental health counselor, an individual who holds a masters 
degree or doctoral degree in counseling from a program that is 
accredited by a covered institution shall be treated as holding such 
degree from a mental health counseling program or clinical mental health 
counseling program that is accredited by the Council for Accreditation 
of Counseling and Related Educational Programs.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered institution'' means any of the 
        following:
                    (A) The Accrediting Commission for Community and 
                Junior Colleges Western Association of Schools and 
                Colleges (ACCJC-WASC).
                    (B) The Higher Learning Commission (HLC).
                    (C) The Middle States Commission on Higher Education 
                (MSCHE).
                    (D) The New England Association of Schools and 
                Colleges Commission on Institutions of Higher Education 
                (NEASC-CIHE).
                    (E) The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools 
                (SACS) Commission on Colleges.
                    (F) The WASC Senior College and University 
                Commission (WASC-SCUC).
                    (G) The Accrediting Bureau of Health Education 
                Schools (ABHES).
                    (H) The Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and 
                Colleges (ACCSC).
                    (I) The Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges 
                and Schools (ACICS).

[[Page 129 STAT. 868]]

                    (J) The Distance Education Accreditation Commission 
                (DEAC).
            (2) The term ``TRICARE program'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 717. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073 note.>>  DESIGNATION OF CERTAIN NON-
                        DEPARTMENT MENTAL HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS 
                        WITH KNOWLEDGE RELATING TO TREATMENT OF 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Mental Health Provider Readiness Designation.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop a system by which any non-Department mental health care 
        provider that meets eligibility criteria established by the 
        Secretary relating to the knowledge described in paragraph (2) 
        receives a mental health provider readiness designation from the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) Knowledge described.--The knowledge described in this 
        paragraph is the following:
                    (A) Knowledge and understanding with respect to the 
                culture of members of the Armed Forces and family 
                members and caregivers of members of the Armed Forces.
                    (B) Knowledge with respect to evidence-based 
                treatments that have been approved by the Department for 
                the treatment of mental health issues among members of 
                the Armed Forces.

    (b) Availability of Information on Designation.--
            (1) Registry.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
        update as necessary a publically available registry of all non-
        Department mental health care providers that are currently 
        designated under subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Provider list.--The Secretary shall update all lists 
        maintained by the Secretary of non-Department mental health care 
        providers that provide mental health care under the laws 
        administered by the Secretary by indicating the providers that 
        are currently designated under subsection (a)(1).

    (c) Non-Department Mental Health Care Provider Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``non-Department mental health care provider''--
            (1) means a health care provider who--
                    (A) specializes in mental health;
                    (B) is not a health care provider of the Department 
                of Defense at a facility of the Department; and
                    (C) provides health care to members of the Armed 
                Forces; and
            (2) includes psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric 
        nurses, social workers, mental health counselors, marriage and 
        family therapists, and other mental health care providers 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense.
SEC. 718. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1074d note.>>  COMPREHENSIVE STANDARDS 
                        AND ACCESS TO CONTRACEPTION COUNSELING FOR 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Clinical Practice Guidelines.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish clinical practice guidelines for health care providers 
        employed by the Department of Defense on standards

[[Page 129 STAT. 869]]

        of care with respect to methods of contraception and counseling 
        on methods of contraception for members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Updates.--The Secretary shall from time to time update 
        the clinical practice guidelines established under paragraph (1) 
        to incorporate into such guidelines new or updated standards of 
        care with respect to methods of contraception and counseling on 
        methods of contraception.

    (b) Dissemination.--
            (1) Initial dissemination.--As soon as practicable, but 
        commencing not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide for rapid 
        dissemination of the clinical practice guidelines to health care 
        providers described in subsection (a)(1).
            (2) Dissemination of updates.--As soon as practicable after 
        each update to the clinical practice guidelines made by the 
        Secretary pursuant to paragraph (2) of subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall provide for the rapid dissemination of such 
        updated clinical practice guidelines to health care providers 
        described in paragraph (1) of such subsection.
            (3) Protocols.--The Secretary shall disseminate the clinical 
        practice guidelines under paragraph (1) and any updates to such 
        guidelines under paragraph (2) in accordance with administrative 
        protocols developed by the Secretary for such purpose.

    (c) Access to Contraception Counseling.--As soon as practicable 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall ensure 
that women members of the Armed Forces have access to comprehensive 
counseling on the full range of methods of contraception provided by 
health care providers described in subsection (a)(1) during health care 
visits, including visits as follows:
            (1) During predeployment health care visits, including 
        counseling that provides specific information women need 
        regarding the interaction between anticipated deployment 
        conditions and various methods of contraception.
            (2) During health care visits during deployment.
            (3) During annual physical examinations.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 721. PROVISION OF TRANSPORTATION OF DEPENDENT PATIENTS 
                        RELATING TO OBSTETRICAL ANESTHESIA 
                        SERVICES.

    Section 1040(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subparagraph (F).
SEC. 722. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR DOD-VA HEALTH CARE SHARING 
                        INCENTIVE FUND.

    Section 8111(d)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2015'' and inserting ``September 30, 2020''.
SEC. 723. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
                        DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL 
                        FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.

    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as amended by section 722 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public

[[Page 129 STAT. 870]]

Law 113-291), is further amended by striking ``September 30, 2016'' and 
inserting ``September 30, 2017''.
SEC. 724. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR OFFICE OF THE 
                        SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
defense committees the report required by section 713(a)(2) of the Carl 
Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3414).
SEC. 725. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON URGENT 
                        CARE UNDER TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall carry out a pilot program to allow a covered beneficiary 
        under the TRICARE program access to urgent care visits without 
        the need for preauthorization for such visits.
            (2) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
        program for a period of three years.
            (3) Incorporation of nurse advice line.--The Secretary shall 
        incorporate the nurse advise line of the Department into the 
        pilot program to direct covered beneficiaries seeking access to 
        care to the source of the most appropriate level of health care 
        required to treat the medical conditions of the beneficiaries, 
        including urgent care under the pilot program.

    (b) Publication.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) publish information on the pilot program under 
        subsection (a) for the receipt of urgent care under the TRICARE 
        program--
                    (A) on the primary publically available Internet 
                website of the Department; and
                    (B) on the primary publically available Internet 
                website of each military medical treatment facility; and
            (2) ensure that such information is made available on the 
        primary publically available Internet website of each current 
        managed care contractor that has established a health care 
        provider network under the TRICARE program.

    (c) Reports.--
            (1) First report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
                date on which the pilot program under subsection (a) 
                commences, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
                on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
                the Senate a report on the pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report under subparagraph (1) 
                shall include the following:
                          (i) An analysis of urgent care use by covered 
                      beneficiaries in military medical treatment 
                      facilities and the TRICARE purchased care provider 
                      network.
                          (ii) A comparison of urgent care use by 
                      covered beneficiaries to the use by covered 
                      beneficiaries of emergency departments in military 
                      medical treatment facilities and the TRICARE 
                      purchased care provider

[[Page 129 STAT. 871]]

                      network, including an analysis of whether the 
                      pilot program decreases the inappropriate use of 
                      medical care in emergency departments.
                          (iii) A determination of the extent to which 
                      the nurse advice line of the Department affected 
                      both urgent care and emergency department use by 
                      covered beneficiaries in military medical 
                      treatment facilities and the TRICARE purchased 
                      care provider network.
                          (iv) An analysis of any cost savings to the 
                      Department realized through the pilot program.
                          (v) A determination of the optimum number of 
                      urgent care visits available to covered 
                      beneficiaries without preauthorization.
                          (vi) An analysis of the satisfaction of 
                      covered beneficiaries with the pilot program.
            (2) Second report.--Not later than two years after the date 
        on which the pilot program commences, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the committees specified in paragraph (1)(A) an update to the 
        report required by such paragraph, including any recommendations 
        of the Secretary with respect to extending or making permanent 
        the pilot program and a description of any related legislative 
        actions that the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
        which the pilot program is completed, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the committees specified in paragraph (1)(A) a final report 
        on the pilot program that updates the report required by 
        paragraph (2).

    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered beneficiary'' 
and ``TRICARE program'' have the meaning given such terms in section 
1072 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 726. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1092 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON INCENTIVE 
                        PROGRAMS TO IMPROVE HEALTH CARE PROVIDED 
                        UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall commence the 
conduct of a pilot program under section 1092 of title 10, United States 
Code, to assess whether a reduction in the rate of increase in health 
care spending by the Department of Defense and an enhancement of the 
operation of the military health system may be achieved by developing 
and implementing value-based incentive programs to encourage health care 
providers under the TRICARE program (including physicians, hospitals, 
and others involved in providing health care to patients) to improve the 
following:
            (1) The quality of health care provided to covered 
        beneficiaries under the TRICARE program.
            (2) The experience of covered beneficiaries in receiving 
        health care under the TRICARE program.
            (3) The health of covered beneficiaries.

    (b) Incentive Programs.--
            (1) Development.--In developing an incentive program under 
        this section, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) consider the characteristics of the population 
                of covered beneficiaries affected by the incentive 
                program;

[[Page 129 STAT. 872]]

                    (B) consider how the incentive program would impact 
                the receipt of health care under the TRICARE program by 
                such covered beneficiaries;
                    (C) establish or maintain an assurance that such 
                covered beneficiaries will have timely access to health 
                care during operation of the incentive program;
                    (D) ensure that there are no additional financial 
                costs to such covered beneficiaries of implementing the 
                incentive program; and
                    (E) consider such other factors as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
            (2) Elements.--With respect to an incentive program 
        developed and implemented under this section, the Secretary 
        shall ensure that--
                    (A) the size, scope, and duration of the incentive 
                program is reasonable in relation to the purpose of the 
                incentive program; and
                    (B) appropriate criteria and data collection are 
                used to ensure adequate evaluation of the feasibility 
                and advisability of implementing the incentive program 
                throughout the TRICARE program.
            (3) Use of existing models.--In developing an incentive 
        program under this section, the Secretary may adapt a value-
        based incentive program conducted by the Centers for Medicare & 
        Medicaid Services or any other governmental or commercial health 
        care program.

    (c) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary to carry out the 
pilot program under this section shall terminate on December 31, 2019.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than once 
        each year thereafter until the termination of the pilot program, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the pilot program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 2019, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        final report on the pilot program.
            (3) Elements.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) or 
        paragraph (2) shall include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of each incentive program 
                developed and implemented under this section, including 
                whether such incentive program--
                          (i) improves the quality of health care 
                      provided to covered beneficiaries, the experience 
                      of covered beneficiaries in receiving health care 
                      under the TRICARE program, or the health of 
                      covered beneficiaries;
                          (ii) reduces the rate of increase in health 
                      care spending by the Department of Defense; or
                          (iii) enhances the operation of the military 
                      health system.
                    (B) Such recommendations for administrative or 
                legislative action as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate in light of the pilot program, including to 
                implement any such incentive program or programs 
                throughout the TRICARE program.

[[Page 129 STAT. 873]]

    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered beneficiary'' 
and ``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given those terms in section 
1072 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 727. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 
                        MODERNIZATION.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2016 for the Department of Defense 
Healthcare Management Systems Modernization, not more than 75 percent 
may be obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense makes the certification required by section 713(g)(2) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-
66; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
SEC. 728. <<NOTE: 38 USC 527 note.>>  SUBMITTAL OF INFORMATION TO 
                        SECRETARY OF VETERANS AFFAIRS RELATING TO 
                        EXPOSURE TO AIRBORNE HAZARDS AND OPEN BURN 
                        PITS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and periodically thereafter, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs such 
information in the possession of the Secretary of Defense as the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs considers necessary to supplement and 
support--
            (1) the development of information to be included in the 
        Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry established by the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs under section 201 of the 
        Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 
        2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note); and
            (2) research and development activities conducted by the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs to explore the potential health 
        risks of exposure by members of the Armed Forces to 
        environmental factors in Iraq and Afghanistan, in particular the 
        connection of such exposure to respiratory illnesses such as 
        chronic cough, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 
        constrictive bronchiolitis, and pulmonary fibrosis.

    (b) Inclusion of Certain Information.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall include in the information submitted to the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs under subsection (a) information on any research and 
surveillance efforts conducted by the Department of Defense to evaluate 
the incidence and prevalence of respiratory illnesses among members of 
the Armed Forces who were exposed to open burn pits while deployed 
overseas.
SEC. 729. PLAN FOR DEVELOPMENT OF PROCEDURES TO MEASURE DATA ON 
                        MENTAL HEALTH CARE PROVIDED BY THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a plan for the 
Department of Defense to develop procedures to compile and assess data 
relating to the following:
            (1) Outcomes for mental health care provided by the 
        Department.
            (2) Variations in such outcomes among different medical 
        facilities of the Department.

[[Page 129 STAT. 874]]

            (3) Barriers, if any, to the implementation by mental health 
        care providers of the Department of the clinical practice 
        guidelines and other evidence-based treatments and approaches 
        recommended for such providers by the Secretary.
SEC. 730. REPORT ON PLANS TO IMPROVE EXPERIENCE WITH AND ELIMINATE 
                        PERFORMANCE VARIABILITY OF HEALTH CARE 
                        PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Comprehensive Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives a comprehensive report setting forth the 
        current and future plans of the Secretary, with estimated dates 
        of completion, to carry out the following:
                    (A) To improve the experience of beneficiaries with 
                health care provided in military medical treatment 
                facilities and through purchased care.
                    (B) To eliminate performance variability with 
                respect to the provision of such health care.
            (2) Elements.--The comprehensive report under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the plans of the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        as follows:
                    (A) To align performance measures for health care 
                provided in military medical treatment facilities with 
                performance measures for health care provided through 
                purchased care.
                    (B) To improve performance in the provision of 
                health care by the Department of Defense by eliminating 
                performance variability with respect to the provision of 
                health care in military medical treatment facilities and 
                through purchased care.
                    (C) To use innovative, high-technology services to 
                improve access to care, coordination of care, and the 
                experience of care in military medical treatment 
                facilities and through purchased care.
                    (D) To collect and analyze data throughout the 
                Department with respect to health care provided in 
                military medical treatment facilities and through 
                purchased care to improve the quality of such care, 
                patient safety, and patient satisfaction.
                    (E) To develop a performance management system, 
                including by adoption of common measures for access to 
                care, quality of care, safety, and patient satisfaction, 
                that holds medical leadership throughout the Department 
                accountable for sustained improvement of performance.
                    (F) To use such other methods as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate to improve the experience of 
                beneficiaries with and eliminate performance variability 
                with respect to health care received from the 
                Department.

    (b) Comptroller General Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        submission of the comprehensive report required by subsection 
        (a)(1), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives a report on the plans of the Secretary

[[Page 129 STAT. 875]]

        of Defense set forth in the comprehensive report submitted under 
        such subsection.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) An assessment of whether the plans included in 
                the comprehensive report submitted under subsection (a) 
                will, with respect to members of the Armed Forces and 
                covered beneficiaries under the TRICARE program--
                          (i) improve health outcomes;
                          (ii) create consistent health value; and
                          (iii) ensure that such individuals receive 
                      quality health care in all military medical 
                      treatment facilities and through purchased care.
                    (B) An assessment of whether such plans can be 
                achieved within the estimated dates of completion set 
                forth by the Department under such subsection.
                    (C) An assessment of whether any such plan would 
                require legislation for the implementation of such plan.
                    (D) An assessment of whether the Department of 
                Defense has adequately budgeted amounts to fund the 
                carrying out of such plans.
                    (E) Metrics that can be used to evaluate the 
                performance of such plans.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``purchased care'' means health care provided 
        pursuant to a contract entered into under the TRICARE program.
            (2) The terms ``covered beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE 
        program'' have the meaning given such terms in section 1072 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 731. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON GAMBLING AND PROBLEM 
                        GAMBLING BEHAVIOR AMONG MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on gambling among members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) With respect to gaming facilities at military 
        installations, disaggregated by each military department, the 
        number, type, and location of such gaming facilities.
            (2) An assessment of the prevalence of and particular risks 
        for problem gambling among members of the Armed Forces, 
        including such recommendations for policies and programs to be 
        carried out by the Department to address problem gambling as the 
        Comptroller General considers appropriate.
            (3) An assessment of the ability and capacity of military 
        health care personnel to adequately diagnose and provide 
        dedicated treatment for problem gambling, including--
                    (A) a comparison of treatment programs of the 
                Department for alcohol abuse, illegal substance abuse, 
                and tobacco addiction with treatment programs of the 
                Department for problem gambling; and
                    (B) an assessment of whether additional training for 
                military health care personnel on providing treatment 
                for problem gambling would be beneficial.

[[Page 129 STAT. 876]]

            (4) An assessment of the financial counseling and related 
        services that are available to members of the Armed Forces and 
        dependents of such members who are affected by problem gambling.

    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the results of the study conducted under 
subsection (a).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Required review of acquisition-related functions of the Chiefs 
           of Staff of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 802. Role of Chiefs of Staff in the acquisition process.
Sec. 803. Expansion of rapid acquisition authority.
Sec. 804. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototyping and rapid 
           fielding.
Sec. 805. Use of alternative acquisition paths to acquire critical 
           national security capabilities.
Sec. 806. Secretary of Defense waiver of acquisition laws to acquire 
           vital national security capabilities.
Sec. 807. Acquisition authority of the Commander of United States Cyber 
           Command.
Sec. 808. Report on linking and streamlining requirements, acquisition, 
           and budget processes within Armed Forces.
Sec. 809. Advisory panel on streamlining and codifying acquisition 
           regulations.
Sec. 810. Review of time-based requirements process and budgeting and 
           acquisition systems.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Amendment relating to multiyear contract authority for 
           acquisition of property.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data and certification 
           requirements.
Sec. 813. Rights in technical data.
Sec. 814. Procurement of supplies for experimental purposes.
Sec. 815. Amendments to other transaction authority.
Sec. 816. Amendment to acquisition threshold for special emergency 
           procurement authority.
Sec. 817. Revision of method of rounding when making inflation 
           adjustment of acquisition-related dollar thresholds.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 821. Acquisition strategy required for each major defense 
           acquisition program, major automated information system, and 
           major system.
Sec. 822. Revision to requirements relating to risk management in 
           development of major defense acquisition programs and major 
           systems.
Sec. 823. Revision of Milestone A decision authority responsibilities 
           for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 824. Revision of Milestone B decision authority responsibilities 
           for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 825. Designation of milestone decision authority.
Sec. 826. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
           definition periods.
Sec. 827. Tenure and accountability of program managers for program 
           execution periods.
Sec. 828. Penalty for cost overruns.
Sec. 829. Streamlining of reporting requirements applicable to Assistant 
           Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering regarding 
           major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 830. Configuration Steering Boards for cost control under major 
           defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Repeal of requirement for stand-alone manpower estimates for 
           major defense acquisition programs.

[[Page 129 STAT. 877]]

Sec. 832. Revision to duties of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
           Defense for Developmental Test and Evaluation and the Deputy 
           Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Amendments to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
           Development Fund.
Sec. 842. Dual-track military professionals in operational and 
           acquisition specialities.
Sec. 843. Provision of joint duty assignment credit for acquisition 
           duty.
Sec. 844. Mandatory requirement for training related to the conduct of 
           market research.
Sec. 845. Independent study of implementation of defense acquisition 
           workforce improvement efforts.
Sec. 846. Extension of authority for the civilian acquisition workforce 
           personnel demonstration project.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 851. Procurement of commercial items.
Sec. 852. Modification to information required to be submitted by 
           offeror in procurement of major weapon systems as commercial 
           items.
Sec. 853. Use of recent prices paid by the Government in the 
           determination of price reasonableness.
Sec. 854. Report on defense-unique laws applicable to the procurement of 
           commercial items and commercially available off-the-shelf 
           items.
Sec. 855. Market research and preference for commercial items.
Sec. 856. Limitation on conversion of procurements from commercial 
           acquisition procedures.
Sec. 857. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
           defense contractors as commercial items.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 861. Amendment to Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 862. Amendments to data quality improvement plan.
Sec. 863. Notice of contract consolidation for acquisition strategies.
Sec. 864. Clarification of requirements related to small business 
           contracts for services.
Sec. 865. Certification requirements for Business Opportunity 
           Specialists, commercial market representatives, and 
           procurement center representatives.
Sec. 866. Modifications to requirements for qualified HUBZone small 
           business concerns located in a base closure area.
Sec. 867. Joint venturing and teaming.
Sec. 868. Modification to and scorecard program for small business 
           contracting goals.
Sec. 869. Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the 
           Small Business Administration; petitions for reconsideration 
           of size standards.
Sec. 870. Additional duties of the Director of Small and Disadvantaged 
           Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Including subcontracting goals in agency responsibilities.
Sec. 872. Reporting related to failure of contractors to meet goals 
           under negotiated comprehensive small business subcontracting 
           plans.
Sec. 873. Pilot program for streamlining awards for innovative 
           technology projects.
Sec. 874. Surety bond requirements and amount of guarantee.
Sec. 875. Review of Government access to intellectual property rights of 
           private sector firms.
Sec. 876. Inclusion in annual technology and industrial capability 
           assessments of a determination about defense acquisition 
           program requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Consideration of potential program cost increases and schedule 
           delays resulting from oversight of defense acquisition 
           programs.
Sec. 882. Examination and guidance relating to oversight and approval of 
           services contracts.
Sec. 883. Streamlining of requirements relating to defense business 
           systems.
Sec. 884. Procurement of personal protective equipment.
Sec. 885. Amendments concerning detection and avoidance of counterfeit 
           electronic parts.
Sec. 886. Exception for AbilityOne products from authority to acquire 
           goods and services manufactured in Afghanistan, Central Asian 
           States, and Djibouti.
Sec. 887. Effective communication between government and industry.

[[Page 129 STAT. 878]]

Sec. 888. Standards for procurement of secure information technology and 
           cyber security systems.
Sec. 889. Unified information technology services.
Sec. 890. Cloud strategy for Department of Defense.
Sec. 891. Development period for Department of Defense information 
           technology systems.
Sec. 892. Revisions to pilot program on acquisition of military purpose 
           nondevelopmental items.
Sec. 893. Improved auditing of contracts.
Sec. 894. Sense of Congress on evaluation method for procurement of 
           audit or audit readiness services.
Sec. 895. Mitigating potential unfair competitive advantage of technical 
           advisors to acquisition programs.
Sec. 896. Survey on the costs of regulatory compliance.
Sec. 897. Treatment of interagency and State and local purchases when 
           the Department of Defense acts as contract intermediary for 
           the General Services Administration.
Sec. 898. Competition for religious services contracts.
Sec. 899. Pilot program regarding risk-based contracting for smaller 
           contract actions under the Truth in Negotiations Act.

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

SEC. 801. REQUIRED REVIEW OF ACQUISITION-RELATED FUNCTIONS OF THE 
                        CHIEFS OF STAFF OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Review Required.--The Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of 
Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps shall conduct a review of their current 
individual authorities provided in sections 3033, 5033, 8033, and 5043 
of title 10, United States Code, and other relevant statutes and 
regulations related to defense acquisitions for the purpose of 
developing such recommendations as the Chief concerned or the Commandant 
considers necessary to further or advance the role of the Chief 
concerned or the Commandant in the development of requirements, 
acquisition processes, and the associated budget practices of the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Reports.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Chief of Staff of 
the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air 
Force, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report containing, at a minimum, the 
following:
            (1) The recommendations developed by the Chief concerned or 
        the Commandant under subsection (a) and other results of the 
        review conducted under such subsection.
            (2) The actions the Chief concerned or the Commandant is 
        taking, if any, within the Chief's or Commandant's existing 
        authority to implement such recommendations.
SEC. 802. ROLE OF CHIEFS OF STAFF IN THE ACQUISITION PROCESS.

    (a) Chiefs of Staff as Customer of Acquisition Process.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 149 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2546 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2546a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2546a.>>  Customer-oriented 
                    acquisition system

    ``(a) Objective.--It shall be the objective of the defense 
acquisition system to meet the needs of its customers in the most cost-
effective manner practicable. The acquisition policies, directives, and 
regulations of the Department of Defense shall be modified

[[Page 129 STAT. 879]]

as necessary to ensure the development and implementation of a customer-
oriented acquisition system.
    ``(b) Customer.--The customer of the defense acquisition system is 
the armed force that will have primary responsibility for fielding the 
system or systems acquired. The customer is represented with regard to a 
major defense acquisition program by the Secretary of the military 
department concerned and the Chief of the armed force concerned.
    ``(c) Role of Customer.--The customer of a major defense acquisition 
program shall be responsible for balancing resources against priorities 
on the acquisition program and ensuring that appropriate trade-offs are 
made among cost, schedule, technical feasibility, and performance on a 
continuing basis throughout the life of the acquisition program.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 149 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2545 
        prec.>> amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
        2546 the following new item:

``2546a. Customer-oriented acquisition system.''.

    (b) Responsibilities of Chiefs.--Section 2547(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (7), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(2) Decisions regarding the balancing of resources and 
        priorities, and associated trade-offs among cost, schedule, 
        technical feasibility, and performance on major defense 
        acquisition programs.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (6), as redesignated by paragraph (1) of 
        this subsection, by striking ``The development'' and inserting 
        ``The development and management''.

    (c) Responsibilities of Military Deputies.--Section 908(d) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
181; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Duties of Principal Military Deputies.--Each Principal 
Military Deputy to a service acquisition executive shall be responsible 
for--
            ``(1) keeping the Chief of Staff of the Armed Force 
        concerned informed of the progress of major defense acquisition 
        programs;
            ``(2) informing the Chief of Staff on a continuing basis of 
        any developments on major defense acquisition programs, which 
        may require new or revisited trade-offs among cost, schedule, 
        technical feasibility, and performance, including--
                    ``(A) significant cost growth or schedule slippage; 
                and
                    ``(B) requirements creep (as defined in section 
                2547(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code); and
            ``(3) ensuring that the views of the Chief of Staff on cost, 
        schedule, technical feasibility, and performance trade-offs are 
        strongly considered by program managers and program executive 
        officers in all phases of the acquisition process.''.

    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Joint requirements oversight council.--Section 181(d) of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
        the following new paragraph:

[[Page 129 STAT. 880]]

    ``(3) The Council shall seek, and strongly consider, the views of 
the Chiefs of Staff of the armed forces, in their roles as customers of 
the acquisition system, on matters pertaining to trade-offs among cost, 
schedule, technical feasibility, and performance under subsection 
(b)(1)(C) and the balancing of resources with priorities pursuant to 
subsection (b)(3).''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2366a note.>>  Milestone a decisions.--
        The Chief of the Armed Force concerned shall advise the 
        milestone decision authority for a major defense acquisition 
        program of the Chief's views on cost, schedule, technical 
        feasibility, and performance trade-offs that have been made with 
        regard to the program, as provided in section 2366a(a)(2) of 
        title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 823 of this 
        Act, prior to a Milestone A decision on the program.
            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2366b note.>>  Milestone b decisions.--
        The Chief of the Armed Force concerned shall advise the 
        milestone decision authority for a major defense acquisition 
        program of the Chief's views on cost, schedule, technical 
        feasibility, and performance trade-offs that have been made with 
        regard to the program, as provided in section 2366b(b)(3) of 
        title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 824 of this 
        Act, prior to a Milestone B decision on the program.
            (4) Duties of chiefs.--
                    (A) Section 3033(d)(5) of title 10, United States 
                Code, is amended by striking ``section 171'' and 
                inserting ``sections 171 and 2547''.
                    (B) Section 5033(d)(5) of title 10, United States 
                Code, is amended by striking ``section 171'' and 
                inserting ``sections 171 and 2547''.
                    (C) Section 5043(e)(5) of title 10, United States 
                Code, is amended by striking ``section 171'' and 
                inserting ``sections 171 and 2547''.
                    (D) Section 8033(d)(5) of title 10, United States 
                Code, is amended by striking ``section 171'' and 
                inserting ``sections 171 and 2547''.
SEC. 803. EXPANSION OF RAPID ACQUISITION AUTHORITY.

    Section 806(c) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Response to Combat Emergencies and Certain Urgent Operational 
Needs.--
            ``(1) Determination of need for rapid acquisition and 
        deployment.--(A) In the case of any supplies and associated 
        support services that, as determined in writing by the Secretary 
        of Defense, are urgently needed to eliminate a documented 
        deficiency that has resulted in combat casualties, or is likely 
        to result in combat casualties, the Secretary may use the 
        procedures developed under this section in order to accomplish 
        the rapid acquisition and deployment of the needed supplies and 
        associated support services.
            ``(B) In the case of any supplies and associated support 
        services that, as determined in writing by the Secretary of 
        Defense, are urgently needed to eliminate a documented 
        deficiency that impacts an ongoing or anticipated contingency 
        operation and that, if left unfulfilled, could potentially 
        result in loss of life or critical mission failure, the 
        Secretary may use

[[Page 129 STAT. 881]]

        the procedures developed under this section in order to 
        accomplish the rapid acquisition and deployment of the needed 
        supplies and associated support services.
            ``(C)(i) In the case of any supplies and associated support 
        services that, as determined in writing by the Secretary of 
        Defense without delegation, are urgently needed to eliminate a 
        deficiency that as the result of a cyber attack has resulted in 
        critical mission failure, the loss of life, property 
        destruction, or economic effects, or if left unfilled is likely 
        to result in critical mission failure, the loss of life, 
        property destruction, or economic effects, the Secretary may use 
        the procedures developed under this section in order to 
        accomplish the rapid acquisition and deployment of the needed 
        offensive or defensive cyber capabilities, supplies, and 
        associated support services.
            ``(ii) In this subparagraph, the term `cyber attack' means a 
        deliberate action to alter, disrupt, deceive, degrade, or 
        destroy computer systems or networks or the information or 
        programs resident in or transiting these systems or networks.
            ``(2) Designation of senior official responsible.--(A) 
        Whenever the Secretary makes a determination under subparagraph 
        (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1) that certain supplies and 
        associated support services are urgently needed to eliminate a 
        deficiency described in that subparagraph, the Secretary shall 
        designate a senior official of the Department of Defense to 
        ensure that the needed supplies and associated support services 
        are acquired and deployed as quickly as possible, with a goal of 
        awarding a contract for the acquisition of the supplies and 
        associated support services within 15 days.
            ``(B) Upon designation of a senior official under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall authorize that official to 
        waive any provision of law, policy, directive, or regulation 
        described in subsection (d) that such official determines in 
        writing would unnecessarily impede the rapid acquisition and 
        deployment of the needed supplies and associated support 
        services. In a case in which the needed supplies and associated 
        support services cannot be acquired without an extensive delay, 
        the senior official shall require that an interim solution be 
        implemented and deployed using the procedures developed under 
        this section to minimize adverse consequences resulting from the 
        urgent need.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--(A) In any fiscal year in which the 
        Secretary makes a determination described in subparagraph (A), 
        (B), or (C) of paragraph (1), the Secretary may use any funds 
        available to the Department of Defense for acquisitions of 
        supplies and associated support services if the determination 
        includes a written finding that the use of such funds is 
        necessary to address the deficiency in a timely manner.
            ``(B) The authority of this section may only be used to 
        acquire supplies and associated support services--
                    ``(i) in the case of determinations by the Secretary 
                under paragraph (1)(A), in an amount aggregating not 
                more than $200,000,000 during any fiscal year;
                    ``(ii) in the case of determinations by the 
                Secretary under paragraph (1)(B), in an amount 
                aggregating not more than $200,000,000 during any fiscal 
                year; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 882]]

                    ``(iii) in the case of determinations by the 
                Secretary under paragraph (1)(C), in an amount 
                aggregating not more than $200,000,000 during any fiscal 
                year.
            ``(4) Notification to congressional defense committees.--(A) 
        In the case of a determination by the Secretary under paragraph 
        (1)(A), the Secretary shall notify the congressional defense 
        committees of the determination within 15 days after the date of 
        the determination.
            ``(B) In the case of a determination by the Secretary under 
        paragraph (1)(B) the Secretary shall notify the congressional 
        defense committees of the determination at least 10 days before 
        the date on which the determination is effective.
            ``(C) A notice under this paragraph shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(i) The supplies and associated support services 
                to be acquired.
                    ``(ii) The amount anticipated to be expended for the 
                acquisition.
                    ``(iii) The source of funds for the acquisition.
            ``(D) A notice under this paragraph shall be sufficient to 
        fulfill any requirement to provide notification to Congress for 
        a new start program.
            ``(E) A notice under this paragraph shall be provided in 
        consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and 
        Budget.
            ``(5) Time for transitioning to normal acquisition system.--
        Any acquisition initiated under this subsection shall transition 
        to the normal acquisition system not later than two years after 
        the date on which the Secretary makes the determination 
        described in paragraph (1) with respect to the supplies and 
        associated support services concerned.
            ``(6) Limitation on officers with authority to make a 
        determination.--The authority to make a determination under 
        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1) may be exercised 
        only by the Secretary or Deputy Secretary of Defense.''.
SEC. 804. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION 
                        FOR RAPID PROTOTYPING AND RAPID FIELDING.

    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, in consultation with the 
Comptroller of the Department of Defense and the Vice Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall establish guidance for a ``middle tier'' of 
acquisition programs that are intended to be completed in a period of 
two to five years.
    (b) Acquisition Pathways.--The guidance required by subsection (a) 
shall cover the following two acquisition pathways:
            (1) Rapid prototyping.--The rapid prototyping pathway shall 
        provide for the use of innovative technologies to rapidly 
        develop fieldable prototypes to demonstrate new capabilities and 
        meet emerging military needs. The objective of an acquisition 
        program under this pathway shall be to field a prototype that 
        can be demonstrated in an operational environment and provide 
        for a residual operational capability within five years of the 
        development of an approved requirement.

[[Page 129 STAT. 883]]

            (2) Rapid fielding.--The rapid fielding pathway shall 
        provide for the use of proven technologies to field production 
        quantities of new or upgraded systems with minimal development 
        required. The objective of an acquisition program under this 
        pathway shall be to begin production within six months and 
        complete fielding within five years of the development of an 
        approved requirement.

    (c) Expedited Process.--
            (1) In general.--The guidance required by subsection (a) 
        shall provide for a streamlined and coordinated requirements, 
        budget, and acquisition process that results in the development 
        of an approved requirement for each program in a period of not 
        more than six months from the time that the process is 
        initiated. Programs that are subject to the guidance shall not 
        be subject to the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development 
        System Manual and Department of Defense Directive 5000.01, 
        except to the extent specifically provided in the guidance.
            (2) Rapid prototyping.--With respect to the rapid 
        prototyping pathway, the guidance shall include--
                    (A) a merit-based process for the consideration of 
                innovative technologies and new capabilities to meet 
                needs communicated by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the 
                combatant commanders;
                    (B) a process for developing and implementing 
                acquisition and funding strategies for the program;
                    (C) a process for cost-sharing with the military 
                departments on rapid prototype projects, to ensure an 
                appropriate commitment to the success of such projects;
                    (D) a process for demonstrating and evaluating the 
                performance of fieldable prototypes developed pursuant 
                to the program in an operational environment; and
                    (E) a process for transitioning successful 
                prototypes to new or existing acquisition programs for 
                production and fielding under the rapid fielding pathway 
                or the traditional acquisition system.
            (3) Rapid fielding.--With respect to the rapid fielding 
        pathway, the guidance shall include--
                    (A) a merit-based process for the consideration of 
                existing products and proven technologies to meet needs 
                communicated by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the 
                combatant commanders;
                    (B) a process for demonstrating performance and 
                evaluating for current operational purposes the proposed 
                products and technologies;
                    (C) a process for developing and implementing 
                acquisition and funding strategies for the program; and
                    (D) a process for considering lifecycle costs and 
                addressing issues of logistics support and system 
                interoperability.
            (4) Streamlined procedures.--The guidance for the programs 
        may provide for any of the following streamlined procedures:
                    (A) The service acquisition executive of the 
                military department concerned shall appoint a program 
                manager for such program from among candidates from 
                among civilian employees or members of the Armed Forces 
                who

[[Page 129 STAT. 884]]

                have significant and relevant experience managing large 
                and complex programs.
                    (B) The program manager for each program shall 
                report with respect to such program directly, without 
                intervening review or approval, to the service 
                acquisition executive of the military department 
                concerned.
                    (C) The service acquisition executive of the 
                military department concerned shall evaluate the job 
                performance of such manager on an annual basis. In 
                conducting an evaluation under this paragraph, a service 
                acquisition executive shall consider the extent to which 
                the manager has achieved the objectives of the program 
                for which the manager is responsible, including quality, 
                timeliness, and cost objectives.
                    (D) The program manager of a defense streamlined 
                program shall be authorized staff positions for a 
                technical staff, including experts in business 
                management, contracting, auditing, engineering, testing, 
                and logistics, to enable the manager to manage the 
                program without the technical assistance of another 
                organizational unit of an agency to the maximum extent 
                practicable.
                    (E) The program manager of a defense streamlined 
                program shall be authorized, in coordination with the 
                users of the equipment and capability to be acquired and 
                the test community, to make trade-offs among life-cycle 
                costs, requirements, and schedules to meet the goals of 
                the program.
                    (F) The service acquisition executive, acting in 
                coordination with the defense acquisition executive, 
                shall serve as the milestone decision authority for the 
                program.
                    (G) The program manager of a defense streamlined 
                program shall be provided a process to expeditiously 
                seek a waiver from Congress from any statutory or 
                regulatory requirement that the program manager 
                determines adds little or no value to the management of 
                the program.

    (d) Rapid Prototyping Fund.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
        fund to be known as the ``Department of Defense Rapid 
        Prototyping Fund'' to provide funds, in addition to other funds 
        that may be available for acquisition programs under the rapid 
        prototyping pathway established pursuant to this section. The 
        Fund shall be managed by a senior official of the Department of 
        Defense designated by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics. The Fund shall consist 
        of amounts appropriated to the Fund and amounts credited to the 
        Fund pursuant to section 828 of this Act.
            (2) Transfer authority.--Amounts available in the Fund may 
        be transferred to a military department for the purpose of 
        carrying out an acquisition program under the rapid prototyping 
        pathway established pursuant to this section. Any amount so 
        transferred shall be credited to the account to which it is 
        transferred. The transfer authority provided in this subsection 
        is in addition to any other transfer authority available to the 
        Department of Defense.
            (3) Congressional notice.--The senior official designated to 
        manage the Fund shall notify the congressional defense

[[Page 129 STAT. 885]]

        committees of all transfers under paragraph (2). Each 
        notification shall specify the amount transferred, the purpose 
        of the transfer, and the total projected cost and estimated cost 
        to complete the acquisition program to which the funds were 
        transferred.
SEC. 805. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  USE OF ALTERNATIVE 
                        ACQUISITION PATHS TO ACQUIRE CRITICAL 
                        NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish procedures for alternative 
acquisition pathways to acquire capital assets and services that meet 
critical national security needs. The procedures shall--
            (1) be separate from existing acquisition procedures;
            (2) be supported by streamlined contracting, budgeting, and 
        requirements processes;
            (3) establish alternative acquisition paths based on the 
        capabilities being bought and the time needed to deploy these 
        capabilities; and
            (4) maximize the use of flexible authorities in existing law 
        and regulation.
SEC. 806. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WAIVER 
                        OF ACQUISITION LAWS TO ACQUIRE VITAL 
                        NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary of Defense is authorized to 
waive any provision of acquisition law or regulation described in 
subsection (c) for the purpose of acquiring a capability that would not 
otherwise be available to the Armed Forces of the United States, upon a 
determination that--
            (1) the acquisition of the capability is in the vital 
        national security interest of the United States;
            (2) the application of the law or regulation to be waived 
        would impede the acquisition of the capability in a manner that 
        would undermine the national security of the United States; and
            (3) the underlying purpose of the law or regulation to be 
        waived can be addressed in a different manner or at a different 
        time.

    (b) Designation of Responsible Official.--Whenever the Secretary of 
Defense makes a determination under subsection (a)(1) that the 
acquisition of a capability is in the vital national security interest 
of the United States, the Secretary shall designate a senior official of 
the Department of Defense who shall be personally responsible and 
accountable for the rapid and effective acquisition and deployment of 
the needed capability. The Secretary shall provide the designated 
official such authority as the Secretary determines necessary to achieve 
this objective, and may use the waiver authority in subsection (a) for 
this purpose.
    (c) Acquisition Laws and Regulations.--
            (1) In general.--Upon a determination described in 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense is authorized to waive 
        any provision of law or regulation addressing--
                    (A) the establishment of a requirement or 
                specification for the capability to be acquired;
                    (B) research, development, test, and evaluation of 
                the capability to be acquired;
                    (C) production, fielding, and sustainment of the 
                capability to be acquired; or

[[Page 129 STAT. 886]]

                    (D) solicitation, selection of sources, and award of 
                contracts for the capability to be acquired.
            (2) Limitations.--Nothing in this subsection authorizes the 
        waiver of--
                    (A) the requirements of this section;
                    (B) any provision of law imposing civil or criminal 
                penalties; or
                    (C) any provision of law governing the proper 
                expenditure of appropriated funds.

    (d) Report to Congress.--The Secretary of Defense shall notify the 
congressional defense committees at least 30 days before exercising the 
waiver authority under subsection (a). Each such notice shall include--
            (1) an explanation of the basis for determining that the 
        acquisition of the capability is in the vital national security 
        interest of the United States;
            (2) an identification of each provision of law or regulation 
        to be waived; and
            (3) for each provision identified pursuant to paragraph 
        (2)--
                    (A) an explanation of why the application of the 
                provision would impede the acquisition in a manner that 
                would undermine the national security of the United 
                States; and
                    (B) a description of the time or manner in which the 
                underlying purpose of the law or regulation to be waived 
                will be addressed.

    (e) Nondelegation.--The authority of the Secretary to waive 
provisions of laws and regulations under subsection (a) is nondelegable.
SEC. 807. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2224 note.>>  ACQUISITION AUTHORITY OF 
                        THE COMMANDER OF UNITED STATES CYBER 
                        COMMAND.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Commander of the United States Cyber 
        Command shall be responsible for, and shall have the authority 
        to conduct, the following acquisition activities:
                    (A) Development and acquisition of cyber operations-
                peculiar equipment and capabilities.
                    (B) Acquisition and sustainment of cyber capability-
                peculiar equipment, capabilities, and services.
            (2) Acquisition functions.--Subject to the authority, 
        direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, the 
        Commander shall have authority to exercise the functions of the 
        head of an agency under chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
        Code.

    (b) Command Acquisition Executive.--
            (1) In general.--The staff of the Commander shall include a 
        command acquisition executive, who shall be responsible for the 
        overall supervision of acquisition matters for the United States 
        Cyber Command. The command acquisition executive shall have the 
        authority--
                    (A) to negotiate memoranda of agreement with the 
                military departments and Department of Defense 
                components to carry out the acquisition of equipment, 
                capabilities, and services described in subsection 
                (a)(1) on behalf of the Command;

[[Page 129 STAT. 887]]

                    (B) to supervise the acquisition of equipment, 
                capabilities, and services described in subsection 
                (a)(1);
                    (C) to represent the Command in discussions with the 
                military departments regarding acquisition programs for 
                which the Command is a customer; and
                    (D) to work with the military departments to ensure 
                that the Command is appropriately represented in any 
                joint working group or integrated product team regarding 
                acquisition programs for which the Command is a 
                customer.
            (2) Delivery of acquisition solutions.--The command 
        acquisition executive of the United States Cyber Command shall 
        be--
                    (A) responsible to the Commander for rapidly 
                delivering acquisition solutions to meet validated cyber 
                operations-peculiar requirements;
                    (B) subordinate to the defense acquisition executive 
                in matters of acquisition;
                    (C) subject to the same oversight as the service 
                acquisition executives; and
                    (D) included on the distribution list for 
                acquisition directives and instructions of the 
                Department of Defense.

    (c) Acquisition Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
        United States Cyber Command with the personnel or funding 
        equivalent to ten full-time equivalent personnel to support the 
        Commander in fulfilling the acquisition responsibilities 
        provided for under this section with experience in--
                    (A) program acquisition;
                    (B) the Joint Capabilities Integration and 
                Development System Process;
                    (C) program management;
                    (D) system engineering; and
                    (E) costing.
            (2) Existing personnel.--The personnel provided under this 
        subsection shall be provided from among the existing personnel 
        of the Department of Defense.

    (d) Budget.--In addition to the activities of a combatant command 
for which funding may be requested under section 166 of title 10, United 
States Code, the budget proposal of the United States Cyber Command 
shall include requests for funding for--
            (1) development and acquisition of cyber operations-peculiar 
        equipment; and
            (2) acquisition and sustainment of other capabilities or 
        services that are peculiar to cyber operations activities.

    (e) Cyber Operations Procurement Fund.--In exercising the authority 
granted in subsection (a), the Commander may not obligate or expend more 
than $75,000,000 out of the funds made available in each fiscal year 
from 2016 through 2021 to support acquisition activities provided for 
under this section.
    (f) Rule of Construction Regarding Intelligence and Special 
Activities.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to constitute 
authority to conduct any activity which, if carried out as an 
intelligence activity by the Department of Defense, would require a 
notice to the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and the 
Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives under title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
U.S.C. 3091 et seq.).

[[Page 129 STAT. 888]]

    (g) Implementation Plan Required.--The authority granted in 
subsection (a) shall become effective 30 days after the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense provides to the congressional defense 
committees a plan for implementation of those authorities under 
subsection (a). The plan shall include the following:
            (1) A Department of Defense definition of--
                    (A) cyber operations-peculiar equipment and 
                capabilities; and
                    (B) cyber capability-peculiar equipment, 
                capabilities, and services.
            (2) Summaries of the components to be negotiated in the 
        memorandum of agreements with the military departments and other 
        Department of Defense components to carry out the development, 
        acquisition, and sustainment of equipment, capabilities, and 
        services described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection 
        (a)(1).
            (3) Memorandum of agreement negotiation and approval 
        timelines.
            (4) Plan for oversight of the command acquisition executive 
        established in subsection (b).
            (5) Assessment of the acquisition workforce needs of the 
        United States Cyber Command to support the authority in 
        subsection (a) until 2021.
            (6) Other matters as appropriate.

    (h) Annual End-of-year Assessment.--Each year, the Cyber Investment 
Management Board shall review and assess the acquisition activities of 
the United States Cyber Command, including contracting and acquisition 
documentation, for the previous fiscal year, and provide any 
recommendations or feedback to the acquisition executive of Cyber 
Command.
    (i) Sunset.--
            (1) In general.--The authority under this section shall 
        terminate on September 30, 2021.
            (2) Limitation on duration of acquisitions.--The authority 
        under this section does not include major defense acquisition 
        programs, major automated information system programs, or 
        acquisitions of foundational infrastructure or software 
        architectures the duration of which is expected to last more 
        than five years.
SEC. 808. REPORT ON LINKING AND STREAMLINING REQUIREMENTS, 
                        ACQUISITION, AND BUDGET PROCESSES WITHIN 
                        ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Reports.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of 
Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on efforts to link and streamline the 
requirements, acquisition, and budget processes within the Army, Navy, 
Air Force, and Marine Corps, respectively.
    (b) Matters Included.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A specific description of--
                    (A) the management actions the Chief concerned or 
                the Commandant has taken or plans to take to link and 
                streamline the requirements, acquisition, and budget 
                processes of the Armed Force concerned;

[[Page 129 STAT. 889]]

                    (B) any reorganization or process changes that will 
                link and streamline the requirements, acquisition, and 
                budget processes of the Armed Force concerned; and
                    (C) any cross-training or professional development 
                initiatives of the Chief concerned or the Commandant.
            (2) For each description under paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the specific timeline associated with 
                implementation;
                    (B) the anticipated outcomes once implemented; and
                    (C) how to measure whether or not those outcomes are 
                realized.
            (3) Any other matters the Chief concerned or the Commandant 
        considers appropriate.
SEC. 809. ADVISORY PANEL ON STREAMLINING AND CODIFYING ACQUISITION 
                        REGULATIONS.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish under 
the sponsorship of the Defense Acquisition University and the National 
Defense University an advisory panel on streamlining acquisition 
regulations.
    (b) Membership.--The panel shall be composed of at least nine 
individuals who are recognized experts in acquisition and procurement 
policy. In making appointments to the advisory panel, the Under 
Secretary shall ensure that the members of the panel reflect diverse 
experiences in the public and private sectors.
    (c) Duties.--The panel shall--
            (1) review the acquisition regulations applicable to the 
        Department of Defense with a view toward streamlining and 
        improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the defense 
        acquisition process and maintaining defense technology 
        advantage; and
            (2) make any recommendations for the amendment or repeal of 
        such regulations that the panel considers necessary, as a result 
        of such review, to--
                    (A) establish and administer appropriate buyer and 
                seller relationships in the procurement system;
                    (B) improve the functioning of the acquisition 
                system;
                    (C) ensure the continuing financial and ethical 
                integrity of defense procurement programs;
                    (D) protect the best interests of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (E) eliminate any regulations that are unnecessary 
                for the purposes described in subparagraphs (A) through 
                (D).

    (d) Administrative Matters.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
        advisory panel established pursuant to subsection (a) with 
        timely access to appropriate information, data, resources, and 
        analysis so that the advisory panel may conduct a thorough and 
        independent assessment as required under such subsection.
            (2) Inapplicability of faca.--The requirements of the 
        Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply 
        to the advisory panel established pursuant to subsection (a).

    (e) Report.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 890]]

            (1) Panel report.--Not later than two years after the date 
        on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the advisory 
        panel, the panel shall transmit a final report to the Secretary.
            (2) Elements.--The final report shall contain a detailed 
        statement of the findings and conclusions of the panel, 
        including--
                    (A) a history of each current acquisition regulation 
                and a recommendation as to whether the regulation and 
                related law (if applicable) should be retained, 
                modified, or repealed; and
                    (B) such additional recommendations for legislation 
                as the panel considers appropriate.
            (3) Interim reports.--(A) Not later than 6 months and 18 
        months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to or brief the 
        congressional defense committees on the interim findings of the 
        panel with respect to the elements set forth in paragraph (2).
            (B) The panel shall provide regular updates to the Secretary 
        of Defense for purposes of providing the interim reports 
        required under this paragraph.
            (4) Final report.--Not later than 30 days after receiving 
        the final report of the advisory panel, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall transmit the final report, together with such comments as 
        the Secretary determines appropriate, to the congressional 
        defense committees.

    (f) Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund Support.--The 
Secretary of Defense may use amounts available in the Department of 
Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund established under section 
1705 of title 10, United States Code, to support activities of the 
advisory panel under this section.
SEC. 810. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2545 note.>>  REVIEW OF TIME-BASED 
                        REQUIREMENTS PROCESS AND BUDGETING AND 
                        ACQUISITION SYSTEMS.

    (a) Time-based Requirements Process.--The Secretary of Defense and 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall review the requirements 
process with the goal of establishing an agile and streamlined system 
that develops requirements that provide stability and foundational 
direction for acquisition programs and shall determine the advisability 
of providing a time-based or phased distinction between capabilities 
needed to be deployed urgently, within 2 years, within 5 years, and 
longer than 5 years.
    (b) Budgeting and Acquisition Systems.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall review and ensure that the acquisition and budgeting systems are 
structured to meet time-based or phased requirements in a manner that is 
predictable, cost effective, and efficient and takes advantage of 
emerging technological developments.

[[Page 129 STAT. 891]]

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

SEC. 811. AMENDMENT RELATING TO MULTIYEAR CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR 
                        ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY.

    Subsection (a)(1) and subsection (i)(4) of section 2306b of title 
10, United States Code, are each amended by striking ``substantial'' and 
inserting ``significant''.
SEC. 812. APPLICABILITY OF COST AND PRICING DATA AND CERTIFICATION 
                        REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2306a(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; or'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) to the extent such data--
                          ``(i) relates to an offset agreement in 
                      connection with a contract for the sale of a 
                      weapon system or defense-related item to a foreign 
                      country or foreign firm; and
                          ``(ii) does not relate to a contract or 
                      subcontract under the offset agreement for work 
                      performed in such foreign country or by such 
                      foreign firm that is directly related to the 
                      weapon system or defense-related item being 
                      purchased under the contract.''.
SEC. 813. RIGHTS IN TECHNICAL DATA.

    (a) Rights in Technical Data Relating to Major Weapon Systems.--
Paragraph (2) of section 2321(f) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) In the case of a challenge to a use or release restriction 
that is asserted with respect to technical data of a contractor or 
subcontractor for a major system or a subsystem or component thereof on 
the basis that the major weapon system, subsystem, or component was 
developed exclusively at private expense--
            ``(A) the presumption in paragraph (1) shall apply--
                    ``(i) with regard to a commercial subsystem or 
                component of a major system, if the major system was 
                acquired as a commercial item in accordance with section 
                2379(a) of this title;
                    ``(ii) with regard to a component of a subsystem, if 
                the subsystem was acquired as a commercial item in 
                accordance with section 2379(b) of this title; and
                    ``(iii) with regard to any other component, if the 
                component is a commercially available off-the-shelf item 
                or a commercially available off-the-shelf item with 
                modifications of a type customarily available in the 
                commercial marketplace or minor modifications made to 
                meet Federal Government requirements; and
            ``(B) in all other cases, the challenge to the use or 
        release restriction shall be sustained unless information 
        provided by

[[Page 129 STAT. 892]]

        the contractor or subcontractor demonstrates that the item was 
        developed exclusively at private expense.''.

    (b) Government-industry Advisory Panel.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics, shall establish a Government-industry 
        advisory panel for the purpose of reviewing sections 2320 and 
        2321 of title 10, United States Code, regarding rights in 
        technical data and the validation of proprietary data 
        restrictions and the regulations implementing such sections, for 
        the purpose of ensuring that such statutory and regulatory 
        requirements are best structured to serve the interests of the 
        taxpayers and the national defense.
            (2) Membership.--The panel shall be chaired by an individual 
        selected by the Under Secretary, and the Under Secretary shall 
        ensure that--
                    (A) the government members of the advisory panel are 
                knowledgeable about technical data issues and 
                appropriately represent the three military departments, 
                as well as the legal, acquisition, logistics, and 
                research and development communities in the Department 
                of Defense; and
                    (B) the private sector members of the advisory panel 
                include independent experts and individuals 
                appropriately representative of the diversity of 
                interested parties, including large and small 
                businesses, traditional and non-traditional government 
                contractors, prime contractors and subcontractors, 
                suppliers of hardware and software, and institutions of 
                higher education.
            (3) Scope of review.--In conducting the review required by 
        paragraph (1), the advisory panel shall give appropriate 
        consideration to the following factors:
                    (A) Ensuring that the Department of Defense does not 
                pay more than once for the same work.
                    (B) Ensuring that Department of Defense contractors 
                are appropriately rewarded for their innovation and 
                invention.
                    (C) Providing for cost-effective reprocurement, 
                sustainment, modification, and upgrades to Department of 
                Defense systems.
                    (D) Encouraging the private sector to invest in new 
                products, technologies, and processes relevant to the 
                missions of the Department of Defense.
                    (E) Ensuring that the Department of Defense has 
                appropriate access to innovative products, technologies, 
                and processes developed by the private sector for 
                commercial use.
            (4) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the 
        advisory panel shall submit its final report and recommendations 
        to the Secretary of Defense. Not later than 60 days after 
        receiving the report, the Secretary shall submit a copy of the 
        report, together with any comments or recommendations, to the 
        congressional defense committees.

[[Page 129 STAT. 893]]

SEC. 814. PROCUREMENT OF SUPPLIES FOR EXPERIMENTAL PURPOSES.

    (a) Additional Procurement Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 
2373 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``transportation, energy, medical, space-flight,'' before ``and 
aeronautical supplies''.
    (b) Applicability of Chapter 137 of Title 10, United States Code.--
Subsection (b) of such section is amended by striking ``only when such 
purchases are made in quantity'' and inserting ``only when such 
purchases are made in quantities greater than necessary for 
experimentation, technical evaluation, assessment of operational 
utility, or safety or to provide a residual operational capability''.
SEC. 815. AMENDMENTS TO OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority of the Department of Defense To Carry Out Certain 
Prototype Projects.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2371a the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2371b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2371b.>>  Authority of the Department 
                    of Defense to carry out certain prototype 
                    projects

    ``(a) Authority.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Director of the 
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Secretary of a military 
department, or any other official designated by the Secretary of Defense 
may, under the authority of section 2371 of this title, carry out 
prototype projects that are directly relevant to enhancing the mission 
effectiveness of military personnel and the supporting platforms, 
systems, components, or materials proposed to be acquired or developed 
by the Department of Defense, or to improvement of platforms, systems, 
components, or materials in use by the armed forces.
    ``(2) The authority of this section--
            ``(A) may be exercised for a prototype project that is 
        expected to cost the Department of Defense in excess of 
        $50,000,000 but not in excess of $250,000,000 (including all 
        options) only upon a written determination by the senior 
        procurement executive for the agency as designated for the 
        purpose of section 1702(c) of title 41, or, for the Defense 
        Advanced Research Projects Agency or the Missile Defense Agency, 
        the director of the agency that--
                    ``(i) the requirements of subsection (d) will be 
                met; and
                    ``(ii) the use of the authority of this section is 
                essential to promoting the success of the prototype 
                project; and
            ``(B) may be exercised for a prototype project that is 
        expected to cost the Department of Defense in excess of 
        $250,000,000 (including all options) only if--
                    ``(i) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics determines in 
                writing that--
                          ``(I) the requirements of subsection (d) will 
                      be met; and
                          ``(II) the use of the authority of this 
                      section is essential to meet critical national 
                      security objectives; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 894]]

                    ``(ii) the congressional defense committees are 
                notified in writing at least 30 days before such 
                authority is exercised.

    ``(3) The authority of a senior procurement executive or director of 
the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency or Missile Defense Agency 
under paragraph (2)(A), and the authority of the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics under paragraph 
(2)(B), may not be delegated.
    ``(b) Exercise of Authority.--
            ``(1) Subsections (e)(1)(B) and (e)(2) of such section 2371 
        shall not apply to projects carried out under subsection (a).
            ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, competitive 
        procedures shall be used when entering into agreements to carry 
        out projects under subsection (a).

    ``(c) Comptroller General Access to Information.--(1) Each agreement 
entered into by an official referred to in subsection (a) to carry out a 
project under that subsection that provides for payments in a total 
amount in excess of $5,000,000 shall include a clause that provides for 
the Comptroller General, in the discretion of the Comptroller General, 
to examine the records of any party to the agreement or any entity that 
participates in the performance of the agreement.
    ``(2) The requirement in paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect 
to a party or entity, or a subordinate element of a party or entity, 
that has not entered into any other agreement that provides for audit 
access by a Government entity in the year prior to the date of the 
agreement.
    ``(3)(A) The right provided to the Comptroller General in a clause 
of an agreement under paragraph (1) is limited as provided in 
subparagraph (B) in the case of a party to the agreement, an entity that 
participates in the performance of the agreement, or a subordinate 
element of that party or entity if the only agreements or other 
transactions that the party, entity, or subordinate element entered into 
with Government entities in the year prior to the date of that agreement 
are cooperative agreements or transactions that were entered into under 
this section or section 2371 of this title.
    ``(B) The only records of a party, other entity, or subordinate 
element referred to in subparagraph (A) that the Comptroller General may 
examine in the exercise of the right referred to in that subparagraph 
are records of the same type as the records that the Government has had 
the right to examine under the audit access clauses of the previous 
agreements or transactions referred to in such subparagraph that were 
entered into by that particular party, entity, or subordinate element.
    ``(4) The head of the contracting activity that is carrying out the 
agreement may waive the applicability of the requirement in paragraph 
(1) to the agreement if the head of the contracting activity determines 
that it would not be in the public interest to apply the requirement to 
the agreement. The waiver shall be effective with respect to the 
agreement only if the head of the contracting activity transmits a 
notification of the waiver to Congress and the Comptroller General 
before entering into the agreement. The notification shall include the 
rationale for the determination.
    ``(5) The Comptroller General may not examine records pursuant to a 
clause included in an agreement under paragraph (1)

[[Page 129 STAT. 895]]

more than three years after the final payment is made by the United 
States under the agreement.
    ``(d) Appropriate Use of Authority.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that no official of an agency enters into a transaction 
(other than a contract, grant, or cooperative agreement) for a prototype 
project under the authority of this section unless one of the following 
conditions is met:
            ``(A) There is at least one nontraditional defense 
        contractor participating to a significant extent in the 
        prototype project.
            ``(B) All significant participants in the transaction other 
        than the Federal Government are small businesses or 
        nontraditional defense contractors.
            ``(C) At least one third of the total cost of the prototype 
        project is to be paid out of funds provided by parties to the 
        transaction other than the Federal Government.
            ``(D) The senior procurement executive for the agency 
        determines in writing that exceptional circumstances justify the 
        use of a transaction that provides for innovative business 
        arrangements or structures that would not be feasible or 
        appropriate under a contract, or would provide an opportunity to 
        expand the defense supply base in a manner that would not be 
        practical or feasible under a contract.

    ``(2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the amounts counted 
for the purposes of this subsection as being provided, or to be 
provided, by a party to a transaction with respect to a prototype 
project that is entered into under this section other than the Federal 
Government do not include costs that were incurred before the date on 
which the transaction becomes effective.
    ``(B) Costs that were incurred for a prototype project by a party 
after the beginning of negotiations resulting in a transaction (other 
than a contract, grant, or cooperative agreement) with respect to the 
project before the date on which the transaction becomes effective may 
be counted for purposes of this subsection as being provided, or to be 
provided, by the party to the transaction if and to the extent that the 
official responsible for entering into the transaction determines in 
writing that--
            ``(i) the party incurred the costs in anticipation of 
        entering into the transaction; and
            ``(ii) it was appropriate for the party to incur the costs 
        before the transaction became effective in order to ensure the 
        successful implementation of the transaction.

    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `nontraditional defense contractor' has the 
        meaning given the term under section 2302(9) of this title.
            ``(2) The term `small business' means a small business 
        concern as defined under section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 632).

    ``(f) Follow-on Production Contracts or Transactions.--(1) A 
transaction entered into under this section for a prototype project may 
provide for the award of a follow-on production contract or transaction 
to the participants in the transaction.
    ``(2) A follow-on production contract or transaction provided for in 
a transaction under paragraph (1) may be awarded to the participants in 
the transaction without the use of competitive procedures, 
notwithstanding the requirements of section 2304 of this title, if--

[[Page 129 STAT. 896]]

            ``(A) competitive procedures were used for the selection of 
        parties for participation in the transaction; and
            ``(B) the participants in the transaction successfully 
        completed the prototype project provided for in the transaction.

    ``(3) Contracts and transactions entered into pursuant to this 
subsection may be awarded using the authority in subsection (a), under 
the authority of chapter 137 of this title, or under such procedures, 
terms, and conditions as the Secretary of Defense may establish by 
regulation.
    ``(g) Authority To Provide Prototypes and Follow-on Production Items 
as Government-furnished Equipment.--An agreement entered into pursuant 
to the authority of subsection (a) or a follow-on contract or 
transaction entered into pursuant to the authority of subsection (f) may 
provide for prototypes or follow-on production items to be provided to 
another contractor as Government-furnished equipment.
    ``(h) Applicability of Procurement Ethics Requirements.--An 
agreement entered into under the authority of this section shall be 
treated as a Federal agency procurement for the purposes of chapter 21 
of title 41.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 139 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 
        prec.>> amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
        2371a the following new item:

``2371b. Authority of the Department of Defense to carry out certain 
           prototype projects.''.

    (b) Modification to Definition of Nontraditional Defense 
Contractor.--Section 2302(9) of such title is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(9) The term `nontraditional defense contractor', with 
        respect to a procurement or with respect to a transaction 
        authorized under section 2371(a) or 2371b of this title, means 
        an entity that is not currently performing and has not 
        performed, for at least the one-year period preceding the 
        solicitation of sources by the Department of Defense for the 
        procurement or transaction, any contract or subcontract for the 
        Department of Defense that is subject to full coverage under the 
        cost accounting standards prescribed pursuant to section 1502 of 
        title 41 and the regulations implementing such section.''.

    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 845 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 
U.S.C. 2371 note) is hereby repealed. Transactions entered into under 
the authority of such section 845 shall remain in force and effect and 
shall be modified as appropriate to reflect the amendments made by this 
section.
    (d) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--Subparagraph (B) of section 
1601(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(B) sections 2371 and 2371b of title 10, United States 
        Code.''.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2371b note.>>  Updated Guidance.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall issue updated guidance to implement the amendments made by 
this section.

[[Page 129 STAT. 897]]

    (f) Assessment Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an assessment of--
            (1) the benefits and risks of permitting not-for-profit 
        defense contractors to be awarded transaction agreements under 
        section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, for the purposes 
        of cost-sharing requirements of subsection (d)(1)(C) of such 
        section; and
            (2) the benefits and risks of removing the cost-sharing 
        requirements of subsection (d)(1)(C) of such section in their 
        entirety.
SEC. 816. AMENDMENT TO ACQUISITION THRESHOLD FOR SPECIAL EMERGENCY 
                        PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY.

    Section 1903(b)(2) of title 41, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$250,000'' and 
        inserting ``$750,000''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$1,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$1,500,000''.
SEC. 817. REVISION OF METHOD OF ROUNDING WHEN MAKING INFLATION 
                        ADJUSTMENT OF ACQUISITION-RELATED DOLLAR 
                        THRESHOLDS.

    Section 1908(e)(2) of title 41, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``on the day before the adjustment'' and inserting ``as 
        calculated under paragraph (1)'';
            (2) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C); and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the following 
        new subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) not less than $1,000,000, but less than 
                $10,000,000, to the nearest $500,000;
                    ``(E) not less than $10,000,000, but less than 
                $100,000,000, to the nearest $5,000,000;
                    ``(F) not less than $100,000,000, but less than 
                $1,000,000,000, to the nearest $50,000,000; and
                    ``(G) $1,000,000,000 or more, to the nearest 
                $500,000,000.''.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Related to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

SEC. 821. ACQUISITION STRATEGY REQUIRED FOR EACH MAJOR DEFENSE 
                        ACQUISITION PROGRAM, MAJOR AUTOMATED 
                        INFORMATION SYSTEM, AND MAJOR SYSTEM.

    (a) Consolidation of Requirements Relating to Acquisition 
Strategy.--
            (1) New title 10 section.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2431 the 
        following new section:
``Sec. 2431a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2431a.>>  Acquisition strategy

    ``(a) Acquisition Strategy Required.--There shall be an acquisition 
strategy for each major defense acquisition program, each major 
automated information system, and each major system approved by a 
milestone decision authority.

[[Page 129 STAT. 898]]

    ``(b) Responsible Official.--For each acquisition strategy required 
by subsection (a), the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics is responsible for issuing and maintaining the 
requirements for--
            ``(1) the content of the strategy; and
            ``(2) the review and approval process for the strategy.

    ``(c) Considerations.--(1) In issuing requirements for the content 
of an acquisition strategy for a major defense acquisition program, 
major automated information system, or major system, the Under Secretary 
shall ensure that--
            ``(A) the strategy clearly describes the proposed top-level 
        business and technical management approach for the program or 
        system, in sufficient detail to allow the milestone decision 
        authority to assess the viability of the proposed approach, the 
        method of implementing laws and policies, and program 
        objectives;
            ``(B) the strategy contains a clear explanation of how the 
        strategy is designed to be implemented with available resources, 
        such as time, funding, and management capacity;
            ``(C) the strategy is tailored to address program 
        requirements and constraints; and
            ``(D) the strategy considers the items listed in paragraph 
        (2).

    ``(2) Each strategy shall, where appropriate, consider the 
following:
            ``(A) An approach that delivers required capability in 
        increments, each depending on available mature technology, and 
        that recognizes up front the need for future capability 
        improvements.
            ``(B) Acquisition approach, including industrial base 
        considerations in accordance with section 2440 of this title.
            ``(C) Risk management, including such methods as competitive 
        prototyping at the system, subsystem, or component level, in 
        accordance with section 2431b of this title.
            ``(D) Business strategy, including measures to ensure 
        competition at the system and subsystem level throughout the 
        life-cycle of the program or system in accordance with section 
        2337 of this title.
            ``(E) Contracting strategy, including--
                    ``(i) contract type and how the type selected 
                relates to level of program risk in each acquisition 
                phase;
                    ``(ii) how the plans for the program or system to 
                reduce risk enable the use of fixed-price elements in 
                subsequent contracts and the timing of the use of those 
                fixed price elements;
                    ``(iii) market research; and
                    ``(iv) consideration of small business 
                participation.
            ``(F) Intellectual property strategy in accordance with 
        section 2320 of this title.
            ``(G) International involvement, including foreign military 
        sales and cooperative opportunities, in accordance with section 
        2350a of this title.
            ``(H) Multiyear procurement in accordance with section 2306b 
        of this title.
            ``(I) Integration of current intelligence assessments into 
        the acquisition process.

[[Page 129 STAT. 899]]

            ``(J) Requirements related to logistics, maintenance, and 
        sustainment in accordance with sections 2464 and 2466 of this 
        title.

    ``(d) Review.--(1) Subject to the authority, direction, and control 
of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics, the milestone decision authority shall review and approve, as 
appropriate, the acquisition strategy for a major defense acquisition 
program, major automated information system, or major system at each of 
the following times:
                    ``(A) Milestone A approval.
                    ``(B) The decision to release the request for 
                proposals for development of the program or system.
                    ``(C) Milestone B approval.
                    ``(D) Each subsequent milestone.
                    ``(E) Review of any decision to enter into full-rate 
                production.
                    ``(F) When there has been--
                          ``(i) a significant change to the cost of the 
                      program or system;
                          ``(ii) a critical change to the cost of the 
                      program or system;
                          ``(iii) a significant change to the schedule 
                      of the program or system; or
                          ``(iv) a significant change to the performance 
                      of the program or system.
                    ``(G) Any other time considered relevant by the 
                milestone decision authority.

    ``(2) If the milestone decision authority revises an acquisition 
strategy for a program or system, the milestone decision authority shall 
provide notice of the revision to the congressional defense committees.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' has the 
        meaning provided in section 2430 of this title.
            ``(2) The term `major system' has the meaning provided in 
        section 2302(5) of this title.
            ``(3) The term `Milestone A approval' means a decision to 
        enter into technology maturation and risk reduction pursuant to 
        guidance prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the 
        management of Department of Defense acquisition programs.
            ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the meaning 
        provided in section 2366(e)(7) of this title.
            ``(5) The term `milestone decision authority', with respect 
        to a major defense acquisition program, major automated 
        information system, or major system, means the official within 
        the Department of Defense designated with the overall 
        responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions for the 
        program or system, including authority to approve entry of the 
        program or system into the next phase of the acquisition 
        process.
            ``(6) The term `management capacity', with respect to a 
        major defense acquisition program, major automated information 
        system, or major system, means the capacity to manage the 
        program or system through the use of highly qualified 
        organizations and personnel with appropriate experience, 
        knowledge, and skills.
            ``(7) The term `significant change to the cost', with 
        respect to a major defense acquisition program or major system, 
        means

[[Page 129 STAT. 900]]

        a significant cost growth threshold, as that term is defined in 
        section 2433(a)(4) of this title.
            ``(8) The term `critical change to the cost', with respect 
        to a major defense acquisition program or major system, means a 
        critical cost growth threshold, as that term is defined in 
        section 2433(a)(5) of this title.
            ``(9) The term `significant change to the schedule', with 
        respect to a major defense acquisition program, major automated 
        information system, or major system, means any schedule delay 
        greater than six months in a reported event.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2430 prec.>> amended 
        by inserting after the item relating to section 2431 the 
        following new item:

``2431a. Acquisition strategy.''.

    (b)  Additional Amendments.--
            (1) Section 2350a(e) of such title is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Document'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for'' and all that follows through 
                ``of the Board'' and inserting ``opportunities for such 
                cooperative research and development shall be addressed 
                in the acquisition strategy for the project''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``document'' and 
                                inserting ``discussion''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``include'' and 
                                inserting ``consider'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``A 
                      statement indicating whether'' and inserting 
                      ``Whether'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``by the Under 
                                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
                                Technology, and Logistics''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``of the United 
                                States under consideration by the 
                                Department of Defense''; and
                          (iv) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``The 
                      recommendation of the Under Secretary'' and 
                      inserting ``A recommendation to the milestone 
                      decision authority''.
            (2) Section 803 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
        U.S.C. 2430 note) is repealed.
SEC. 822. REVISION TO REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO RISK MANAGEMENT IN 
                        DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
                        PROGRAMS AND MAJOR SYSTEMS.

    (a) Risk Management and Mitigation Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2431a (as added by 
        section 821) the following new section:
``Sec. 2431b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2431b.>>  Risk management and 
                    mitigation in major defense acquisition 
                    programs and major systems

    ``(a) Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
initial acquisition strategy (required under section 2431a of

[[Page 129 STAT. 901]]

this title) approved by the milestone decision authority and any 
subsequent revisions include the following:
            ``(1) A comprehensive approach for managing and mitigating 
        risk (including technical, cost, and schedule risk) during each 
        of the following periods or when determined appropriate by the 
        milestone decision authority:
                    ``(A) The period preceding engineering manufacturing 
                development, or its equivalent.
                    ``(B) The period preceding initial production.
                    ``(C) The period preceding full-rate production.
            ``(2) An identification of the major sources of risk in each 
        of the periods listed in paragraph (1) to improve programmatic 
        decisionmaking and appropriately minimize and manage program 
        concurrency.

    ``(b) Approach to Manage and Mitigate Risks.--The comprehensive 
approach to manage and mitigate risk included in the acquisition 
strategy for purposes of subsection (a)(1) shall, at a minimum, include 
consideration of risk mitigation techniques such as the following:
            ``(1) Prototyping (including prototyping at the system, 
        subsystem, or component level and competitive prototyping, where 
        appropriate) and, if prototyping at either the system, 
        subsystem, or component level is not used, an explanation of why 
        it is not appropriate.
            ``(2) Modeling and simulation, the areas that modeling and 
        simulation will assess, and identification of the need for 
        development of any new modeling and simulation tools in order to 
        support the comprehensive strategy.
            ``(3) Technology demonstrations and decision points for 
        disciplined transition of planned technologies into programs or 
        the selection of alternative technologies.
            ``(4) Multiple design approaches.
            ``(5) Alternative designs, including any designs that meet 
        requirements but do so with reduced performance.
            ``(6) Phasing of program activities or related technology 
        development efforts in order to address high-risk areas as early 
        as feasible.
            ``(7) Manufacturability and industrial base availability.
            ``(8) Independent risk element assessments by outside 
        subject matter experts.
            ``(9) Schedule and funding margins for identified risks.

    ``(c) Preference for Prototyping.--To the maximum extent practicable 
and consistent with the economical use of available financial resources, 
the milestone decision authority for each major defense acquisition 
program shall ensure that the acquisition strategy for the program 
provides for--
            ``(1) the production of competitive prototypes at the system 
        or subsystem level before Milestone B approval; or
            ``(2) if the production of competitive prototypes is not 
        practicable, the production of single prototypes at the system 
        or subsystem level.

    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms `major defense 
acquisition program' and `major system' have the meanings provided in 
section 2431a of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2430 prec.>> amended 
        by inserting after the

[[Page 129 STAT. 902]]

        item relating to section 2431a, as so added, the following new 
        item:

``2431b. Risk reduction in major defense acquisition programs and major 
           systems.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 203 of the Weapon 
Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is 
repealed.
SEC. 823. REVISION OF MILESTONE A DECISION AUTHORITY 
                        RESPONSIBILITIES FOR MAJOR DEFENSE 
                        ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Revision to Milestone a Requirements.--Section 2366a of title 
10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2366a. Major defense acquisition programs: determination 
                    required before Milestone A approval

    ``(a) Responsibilities.--Before granting Milestone A approval for a 
major defense acquisition program or a major subprogram, the milestone 
decision authority for the program or subprogram shall ensure that--
            ``(1) information about the program or subprogram is 
        sufficient to warrant entry of the program or subprogram into 
        the risk reduction phase;
            ``(2) the Secretary of the military department concerned and 
        the Chief of the armed force concerned concur in the cost, 
        schedule, technical feasibility, and performance trade-offs that 
        have been made with regard to the program; and
            ``(3) there are sound plans for progression of the program 
        or subprogram to the development phase.

    ``(b) Written Determination Required.--A major defense acquisition 
program or subprogram may not receive Milestone A approval or otherwise 
be initiated prior to Milestone B approval until the milestone decision 
authority determines in writing, after consultation with the Joint 
Requirements Oversight Council on matters related to program 
requirements and military needs--
            ``(1) that the program fulfills an approved initial 
        capabilities document;
            ``(2) that the program has been developed in light of 
        appropriate market research;
            ``(3) if the program duplicates a capability already 
        provided by an existing system, the duplication provided by such 
        program is necessary and appropriate;
            ``(4) that, with respect to any identified areas of risk, 
        there is a plan to reduce the risk;
            ``(5) that planning for sustainment has been addressed and 
        that a determination of applicability of core logistics 
        capabilities requirements has been made;
            ``(6) that an analysis of alternatives has been performed 
        consistent with study guidance developed by the Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation;
            ``(7) that a cost estimate for the program has been 
        submitted, with the concurrence of the Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation, and that the level of 
        resources required to develop, procure, and sustain the program 
        is sufficient for successful program execution; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 903]]

            ``(8) that the program or subprogram meets any other 
        considerations the milestone decision authority considers 
        relevant.

    ``(c) Submission to Congress.--At the request of any of the 
congressional defense committees, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the committee an explanation of the basis for a determination made 
under subsection (b) with respect to a major defense acquisition 
program, together with a copy of the written determination. The 
explanation shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
classified annex.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' has the 
        meaning provided in section 2430 of this title.
            ``(2) The term `initial capabilities document' means any 
        capabilities requirement document approved by the Joint 
        Requirements Oversight Council that establishes the need for a 
        materiel approach to resolve a capability gap.
            ``(3) The term `Milestone A approval' means a decision to 
        enter into technology maturation and risk reduction pursuant to 
        guidance prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the 
        management of Department of Defense acquisition programs.
            ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the meaning 
        provided that term in section 2366(e)(7) of this title.
            ``(5) The term `core logistics capabilities' means the core 
        logistics capabilities identified under section 2464(a) of this 
        title.
            ``(6) the term `major subprogram' means a major subprogram 
        of a major defense acquisition program designated under section 
        2430a(a)(1) of this title.
            ``(7) The term `milestone decision authority', with respect 
        to a major defense acquisition program or a major subprogram, 
        means the official within the Department of Defense designated 
        with the overall responsibility and authority for acquisition 
        decisions for the program or subprogram, including authority to 
        approve entry of the program or subprogram into the next phase 
        of the acquisition process.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 prec.>> amended by 
striking the item relating to section 2366a and inserting the following:

``2366a. Major defense acquisition programs: determination required 
           before Milestone A approval.''.

SEC. 824. REVISION OF MILESTONE B DECISION AUTHORITY 
                        RESPONSIBILITIES FOR MAJOR DEFENSE 
                        ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Revision to Milestone B Requirements.--Section 2366b of title 
10, United Stated Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2366b. Major defense acquisition programs: certification 
                    required before Milestone B approval

    ``(a) Certifications and Determination Required.--A major defense 
acquisition program may not receive Milestone B approval until the 
milestone decision authority--

[[Page 129 STAT. 904]]

            ``(1) has received a preliminary design review and conducted 
        a formal post-preliminary design review assessment, and 
        certifies on the basis of such assessment that the program 
        demonstrates a high likelihood of accomplishing its intended 
        mission;
            ``(2) further certifies that the technology in the program 
        has been demonstrated in a relevant environment, as determined 
        by the milestone decision authority on the basis of an 
        independent review and assessment by the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with the 
        Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Developmental Test and 
        Evaluation;
            ``(3) determines in writing that--
                    ``(A) the program is affordable when considering the 
                ability of the Department of Defense to accomplish the 
                program's mission using alternative systems;
                    ``(B) appropriate trade-offs among cost, schedule, 
                technical feasibility, and performance objectives have 
                been made to ensure that the program is affordable when 
                considering the per unit cost and the total acquisition 
                cost in the context of the total resources available 
                during the period covered by the future-years defense 
                program submitted during the fiscal year in which the 
                certification is made;
                    ``(C) reasonable cost and schedule estimates have 
                been developed to execute, with the concurrence of the 
                Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, the 
                product development and production plan under the 
                program; and
                    ``(D) funding is available to execute the product 
                development and production plan under the program, 
                through the period covered by the future-years defense 
                program submitted during the fiscal year in which the 
                certification is made, consistent with the estimates 
                described in subparagraph (C) for the program;
                    ``(E) appropriate market research has been conducted 
                prior to technology development to reduce duplication of 
                existing technology and products;
                    ``(F) the Department of Defense has completed an 
                analysis of alternatives with respect to the program;
                    ``(G) the Joint Requirements Oversight Council has 
                accomplished its duties with respect to the program 
                pursuant to section 181(b) of this title, including an 
                analysis of the operational requirements for the 
                program;
                    ``(H) life-cycle sustainment planning, including 
                corrosion prevention and mitigation planning, has 
                identified and evaluated relevant sustainment costs 
                throughout development, production, operation, 
                sustainment, and disposal of the program, and any 
                alternatives, and that such costs are reasonable and 
                have been accurately estimated;
                    ``(I) an estimate has been made of the requirements 
                for core logistics capabilities and the associated 
                sustaining workloads required to support such 
                requirements;
                    ``(J) there is a plan to mitigate and account for 
                any costs in connection with any anticipated de-
                certification of cryptographic systems and components 
                during the production and procurement of the major 
                defense acquisition program to be acquired;

[[Page 129 STAT. 905]]

                    ``(K) the program complies with all relevant 
                policies, regulations, and directives of the Department 
                of Defense; and
                    ``(L) the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned and the Chief of the armed force concerned 
                concur in the trade-offs made in accordance with 
                subparagraph (B); and
            ``(4) in the case of a space system, performs a cost benefit 
        analysis for any new or follow-on satellite system using a 
        dedicated ground control system instead of a shared ground 
        control system, except that no cost benefit analysis is required 
        to be performed under this paragraph for any Milestone B 
        approval of a space system after December 31, 2019.

    ``(b) Changes to Certifications or Determination.--(1) The program 
manager for a major defense acquisition program that has received 
certifications or a determination under subsection (a) shall immediately 
notify the milestone decision authority of any changes to the program or 
a designated major subprogram of such program that--
            ``(A) alter the substantive basis for the certifications or 
        determination of the milestone decision authority relating to 
        any component of such certifications or determination specified 
        in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection (a); or
            ``(B) otherwise cause the program or subprogram to deviate 
        significantly from the material provided to the milestone 
        decision authority in support of such certifications or 
        determination.

    ``(2) Upon receipt of information under paragraph (1), the milestone 
decision authority may withdraw the certifications or determination 
concerned or rescind Milestone B approval if the milestone decision 
authority determines that such certifications, determination, or 
approval are no longer valid.
    ``(c) Submission to Congress.--(1) The certifications and 
determination under subsection (a) with respect to a major defense 
acquisition program shall be submitted to the congressional defense 
committees with the first Selected Acquisition Report submitted under 
section 2432 of this title after completion of the certification.
    ``(2) The milestone decision authority shall retain records of the 
basis for the certifications and determination under paragraphs (1), 
(2), and (3) of subsection (a).
    ``(3) At the request of any of the congressional defense committees, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the committee an explanation of 
the basis for the certifications and determination under paragraphs (1), 
(2), and (3) of subsection (a) with respect to a major defense 
acquisition program. The explanation shall be submitted in unclassified 
form, but may include a classified annex.
    ``(d) Waiver for National Security.--(1) The milestone decision 
authority may, at the time of Milestone B approval or at the time that 
such milestone decision authority withdraws a certification or rescinds 
Milestone B approval pursuant to subsection (b)(2), waive the 
applicability to a major defense acquisition program of one or more 
components (as specified in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subsection 
(a)) of the certification and determination requirements if the 
milestone decision authority determines that, but for such a waiver, the 
Department would be unable to meet critical national security 
objectives.
    ``(2) Whenever the milestone decision authority makes such a 
determination and authorizes such a waiver--

[[Page 129 STAT. 906]]

            ``(A) the waiver, the waiver determination, and the reasons 
        for the waiver determination shall be submitted in writing to 
        the congressional defense committees within 30 days after the 
        waiver is authorized; and
            ``(B) the milestone decision authority shall review the 
        program not less often than annually to determine the extent to 
        which such program currently satisfies the certification and 
        determination components specified in paragraphs (1), (2), and 
        (3) of subsection (a) until such time as the milestone decision 
        authority determines that the program satisfies all such 
        certification and determination components.

    ``(3) The requirement in paragraph (2)(B) shall not apply to a 
program for which a certification was required pursuant to section 
2433a(c) of this title if the milestone decision authority--
            ``(A) determines in writing that--
                    ``(i) the program has reached a stage in the 
                acquisition process at which it would not be practicable 
                to meet the certification component that was waived; and
                    ``(ii) the milestone decision authority has taken 
                appropriate alternative actions to address the 
                underlying purposes of such certification component; and
            ``(B) submits the written determination, and an explanation 
        of the basis for the determination, to the congressional defense 
        committees.

    ``(e) Designation of Certification Status in Budget Documentation.--
Any budget request, budget justification material, budget display, 
reprogramming request, Selected Acquisition Report, or other budget 
documentation or performance report submitted by the Secretary of 
Defense to the President regarding a major defense acquisition program 
receiving a waiver pursuant to subsection (d) shall prominently and 
clearly indicate that such program has not fully satisfied the 
certification requirements of this section until such time as the 
milestone decision authority makes the determination that such program 
has satisfied all such certification requirements.
    ``(f) Nondelegation.--The milestone decision authority may not 
delegate the certification requirement under subsection (a) or the 
authority to waive any component of such requirement under subsection 
(d).
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major defense acquisition program' means a 
        Department of Defense acquisition program that is a major 
        defense acquisition program for purposes of section 2430 of this 
        title.
            ``(2) The term `designated major subprogram' means a major 
        subprogram of a major defense acquisition program designated 
        under section 2430a(a)(1) of this title.
            ``(3) The term `milestone decision authority', with respect 
        to a major defense acquisition program, means the official 
        within the Department of Defense designated with the overall 
        responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions for the 
        program, including authority to approve entry of the program 
        into the next phase of the acquisition process.
            ``(4) The term `Milestone B approval' has the meaning 
        provided that term in section 2366(e)(7) of this title.

[[Page 129 STAT. 907]]

            ``(5) The term `core logistics capabilities' means the core 
        logistics capabilities identified under section 2464(a) of this 
        title.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2334(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended in paragraph (6)(A)(i) by striking ``any 
certification under'' and inserting ``any decision to grant milestone 
approval pursuant to''.
SEC. 825. DESIGNATION OF MILESTONE DECISION AUTHORITY.

    (a) In General.--Section 2430 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) The milestone decision authority for a major defense 
acquisition program reaching Milestone A after October 1, 2016, shall be 
the service acquisition executive of the military department that is 
managing the program, unless the Secretary of Defense designates, under 
paragraph (2), another official to serve as the milestone decision 
authority.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may designate an alternate milestone 
decision authority for a program with respect to which--
            ``(A) the Secretary determines that the program is 
        addressing a joint requirement;
            ``(B) the Secretary determines that the program is best 
        managed by a Defense Agency;
            ``(C) the program has incurred a unit cost increase greater 
        than the significant cost threshold or critical cost threshold 
        under section 2433 of this title;
            ``(D) the program is critical to a major interagency 
        requirement or technology development effort, or has significant 
        international partner involvement; or
            ``(E) the Secretary determines that an alternate official 
        serving as the milestone decision authority will best provide 
        for the program to achieve desired cost, schedule, and 
        performance outcomes.

    ``(3)(A) After designating an alternate milestone decision authority 
under paragraph (2) for a program, the Secretary of Defense may revert 
the position of milestone decision authority for the program back to the 
service acquisition executive upon request of the Secretary of the 
military department concerned. A decision on the request shall be made 
within 180 days after receipt of the request from the Secretary of the 
military department concerned.
    ``(B) If the Secretary of Defense denies the request for reversion 
of the milestone decision authority back to the service acquisition 
executive, the Secretary shall report to the congressional defense 
committees on the basis of the Secretary's decision that an alternate 
official serving as milestone decision authority will best provide for 
the program to achieve desired cost, schedule, and performance outcomes. 
No such reversion is authorized after a program has incurred a unit cost 
increase greater than the significant cost threshold or critical cost 
threshold under section 2433 of this title, except in exceptional 
circumstances.
    ``(4)(A) For each major defense acquisition program, the Secretary 
of the military department concerned and the Chief of the armed force 
concerned shall, in each Selected Acquisition Report required under 
section 2432 of this title, certify that program requirements are stable 
and funding is adequate to meet cost, schedule, and performance 
objectives for the program and identify

[[Page 129 STAT. 908]]

and report to the congressional defense committees on any increased risk 
to the program since the last report.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall review the acquisition 
oversight process for major defense acquisition programs and shall limit 
outside requirements for documentation to an absolute minimum on those 
programs where the service acquisition executive of the military 
department that is managing the program is the milestone decision 
authority and ensure that any policies, procedures, and activities 
related to oversight efforts conducted outside of the military 
departments with regard to major defense acquisition programs shall be 
implemented in a manner that does not unnecessarily increase program 
costs or impede program schedules.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 133(b)(5) of such title is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, 
except that the Under Secretary shall exercise advisory authority, 
subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of 
Defense, over service acquisition programs for which the service 
acquisition executive is the milestone decision authority''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2430 note.>>  Implementation.--
            (1) Implementation plan.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for 
        implementing subsection (d) of section 2430 of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section.
            (2) Guidance.--The Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the 
        service acquisition executives, shall issue guidance to ensure 
        that by not later than October 1, 2016, the acquisition policy, 
        guidance, and practices of the Department of Defense conform to 
        the requirements of subsection (d) of section 2430 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section. 
        The guidance shall be designed to ensure a streamlined 
        decisionmaking and approval process and to minimize any 
        information requests, consistent with the requirement of 
        paragraph (4)(A) of such subsection (d).
            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC 133 note.>>  Effective date.--The 
        amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on 
        October 1, 2016.
SEC. 826. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2430 note.>>  TENURE AND ACCOUNTABILITY 
                        OF PROGRAM MANAGERS FOR PROGRAM DEFINITION 
                        PERIODS.

    (a) Revised Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise 
Department of Defense guidance for major defense acquisition programs to 
address the tenure and accountability of program managers for the 
program definition period of major defense acquisition programs.
    (b) Program Definition Period.--For the purposes of this section, 
the term ``program definition period'', with respect to a major defense 
acquisition program, means the period beginning with initiation of the 
program and ending with Milestone B approval (or Key Decision Point B 
approval in the case of a space program).
    (c) Responsibilities.--The revised guidance required by subsection 
(a) shall provide that the program manager for the program definition 
period of a major defense acquisition program is responsible for--

[[Page 129 STAT. 909]]

            (1) bringing technologies to maturity and identifying the 
        manufacturing processes that will be needed to carry out the 
        program;
            (2) ensuring continuing focus during program development on 
        meeting stated mission requirements and other requirements of 
        the Department of Defense;
            (3) recommending trade-offs between program cost, schedule, 
        and performance for the life-cycle of the program;
            (4) developing a business case for the program; and
            (5) ensuring that appropriate information is available to 
        the milestone decision authority to make a decision on Milestone 
        B approval (or Key Decision Point B approval in the case of a 
        space program), including information necessary to make the 
        certification required by section 2366a of title 10, United 
        States Code.

    (d) Qualifications, Resources, and Tenure.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that each program manager for the program definition period 
of a major defense acquisition program--
            (1) has the appropriate management, engineering, technical, 
        and financial expertise needed to meet the responsibilities 
        assigned pursuant to subsection (c);
            (2) is provided the resources and support (including systems 
        engineering expertise, cost-estimating expertise, and software 
        development expertise) needed to meet such responsibilities; and
            (3) is assigned to the program manager position for such 
        program until such time as such program receives Milestone B 
        approval (or Key Decision Point B approval in the case of a 
        space program), unless removed for cause or due to exceptional 
        circumstances.

    (e) Waiver Authority.--The Secretary may waive the requirement in 
paragraph (3) of subsection (d) upon a determination that the program 
definition period will take so long that it would not be appropriate for 
a single individual to serve as program manager for the entire period 
covered by such paragraph.
SEC. 827. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2430 note.>>  TENURE AND ACCOUNTABILITY 
                        OF PROGRAM MANAGERS FOR PROGRAM EXECUTION 
                        PERIODS.

    (a) Revised Guidance Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise 
Department of Defense guidance for major defense acquisition programs to 
address the tenure and accountability of program managers for the 
program execution period of major defense acquisition programs.
    (b) Program Execution Period.--For purposes of this section, the 
term ``program execution period'', with respect to a major defense 
acquisition program, means the period beginning with Milestone B 
approval (or Key Decision Point B approval in the case of a space 
program) and ending with declaration of initial operational capability.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The revised guidance required by subsection 
(a) shall--
            (1) require the program manager for the program execution 
        period of a major defense acquisition program to enter into a 
        performance agreement with the manager's immediate supervisor 
        for such program within six months of assignment, that--

[[Page 129 STAT. 910]]

                    (A) establishes expected parameters for the cost, 
                schedule, and performance of the program consistent with 
                the business case for the program;
                    (B) provides the commitment of the supervisor to 
                provide the level of funding and resources required to 
                meet such parameters; and
                    (C) provides the assurance of the program manager 
                that such parameters are achievable and that the program 
                manager will be accountable for meeting such parameters; 
                and
            (2) provide the program manager with the authority to--
                    (A) consult on the addition of new program 
                requirements that would be inconsistent with the 
                parameters established in the performance agreement 
                entered into pursuant to paragraph (1);
                    (B) recommend trade-offs between cost, schedule, and 
                performance, provided that such trade-offs are 
                consistent with the parameters established in the 
                performance agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph 
                (1); and
                    (C) develop such interim goals and milestones as may 
                be required to achieve the parameters established in the 
                performance agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph 
                (1).

    (d) Qualifications, Resources, and Tenure.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that each program manager for the program execution period of a 
defense acquisition program--
            (1) has the appropriate management, engineering, technical, 
        and financial expertise needed to meet the responsibilities 
        assigned pursuant to subsection (c);
            (2) is provided the resources and support (including systems 
        engineering expertise, cost estimating expertise, and software 
        development expertise) needed to meet such responsibilities; and
            (3) is assigned to the program manager position for such 
        program during the program execution period, unless removed for 
        cause or due to exceptional circumstances.

    (e) Waiver Authority.--The immediate supervisor of a program manager 
for a major defense acquisition program may waive the requirement in 
paragraph (3) of subsection (d) upon a determination that the program 
execution period will take so long that it would not be appropriate for 
a single individual to serve as program manager for the entire program 
execution period.
SEC. 828. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2430 note.>>  PENALTY FOR COST OVERRUNS.

    (a) In General.--For each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 
2015, the Secretary of each military department shall pay a penalty for 
cost overruns on the covered major defense acquisition programs of the 
military department.
    (b) Calculation of Penalty.--For the purposes of this section:
            (1) The amount of the cost overrun or underrun on any major 
        defense acquisition program or subprogram in a fiscal year is 
        the difference between the current program acquisition unit cost 
        for the program or subprogram and the program acquisition unit 
        cost for the program as shown in the original Baseline Estimate 
        for the program or subprogram, multiplied by the quantity of 
        items to be purchased under the program or subprogram, as 
        reported in the final Selected Acquisition

[[Page 129 STAT. 911]]

        Report for the fiscal year in accordance with section 2432 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Cost overruns or underruns for covered major defense 
        acquisition programs that are joint programs of more than one 
        military department shall be allocated among the military 
        departments in percentages determined by the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
            (3) The cumulative amount of cost overruns for a military 
        department in a fiscal year is the sum of the cost overruns and 
        cost underruns for all covered major defense acquisition 
        programs of the department in the fiscal year (including cost 
        overruns or underruns allocated to the military department in 
        accordance with paragraph (2)).
            (4) The cost overrun penalty for a military department in a 
        fiscal year is three percent of the cumulative amount of cost 
        overruns of the military department in the fiscal year, as 
        determined pursuant to paragraph (3), except that the cost 
        overrun penalty may not be a negative amount.

    (c) Transfer of Funds.--
            (1) Reduction of research, development, test, and evaluation 
        accounts.--Not later than 60 days after the end of each fiscal 
        year beginning with fiscal year 2015, the Secretary of each 
        military department shall reduce each research, development, 
        test, and evaluation account of the military department by the 
        percentage determined under paragraph (2), and remit such amount 
        to the Secretary of Defense.
            (2) Determination of amount.--The percentage reduction to 
        research, development, test, and evaluation accounts of a 
        military department referred to in paragraph (1) is the 
        percentage reduction to such accounts necessary to equal the 
        cost overrun penalty for the fiscal year for such department 
        determined pursuant to subsection (b)(4).
            (3) Crediting of funds.--Any amount remitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall be credited to the Rapid Prototyping Fund established 
        pursuant to section 804 of this Act.

    (d) Covered Programs.--A major defense acquisition program is 
covered under this section if the original Baseline Estimate was 
established for such program under paragraph (1) or (2) of section 
2435(d) of title 10, United States Code, on or after May 22, 2009 (which 
is the date of the enactment of the Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform 
Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-23)).
SEC. 829. STREAMLINING OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO 
                        ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
                        RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING REGARDING MAJOR 
                        DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Reporting to Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics Before Milestone B Approval.--Subparagraph (A) 
of paragraph (8) of section 138(b) of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 901(h)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3466), is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``periodically'';
            (2) by striking ``the major defense acquisition programs'' 
        and inserting ``each major defense acquisition program'';

[[Page 129 STAT. 912]]

            (3) by inserting ``before the Milestone B approval for that 
        program'' after ``Department of Defense''; and
            (4) by striking ``such reviews and assessments'' and 
        inserting ``such review and assessment''.

    (b) Annual Report to Secretary of Defense and Congressional Defense 
Committees.--Subparagraph (B) of such paragraph is amended by inserting 
``for which a Milestone B approval occurred during the preceding fiscal 
year'' after ``Department of Defense''.
SEC. 830. CONFIGURATION STEERING BOARDS FOR COST CONTROL UNDER 
                        MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    Section 814(c)(1) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4529; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as 
        subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after ``for the following:'' the following 
        new subparagraph:
                    ``(A) Monitoring changes in program requirements and 
                ensuring the Chief of Staff of the Armed Force 
                concerned, in consultation with the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned, approves of any proposed 
                changes that could have an adverse effect on program 
                cost or schedule.''.
SEC. 831. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR STAND-ALONE MANPOWER ESTIMATES 
                        FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Repeal of Requirement.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 2434 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``and a manpower 
estimate for the program have'' and inserting ``has''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments Relating to Regulations.--Subsection (b) 
of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2);
            (2) by striking ``shall require--'' and all that follows 
        through ``that the independent'' and inserting ``shall require 
        that the independent'';
            (3) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), respectively, and moving those paragraphs, as so 
        redesignated, two ems to the left; and
            (4) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``and operations and support,'' and 
                inserting ``operations and support, and trained manpower 
                to operate, maintain, and support the program upon full 
                operational deployment,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period.

    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 2434 prec.>> section is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2434. Independent cost estimates''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 144 of such title is amended by striking 
        the item relating to section 2434 and inserting the following:

``2434. Independent cost estimates.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 913]]

SEC. 832. REVISION TO DUTIES OF THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 
                        DEFENSE FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND 
                        EVALUATION AND THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT 
                        SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SYSTEMS 
                        ENGINEERING.

    Section 139b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and approve 
                or disapprove''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in order to 
                advise relevant technical authorities for such programs 
                on the incorporation of best practices for developmental 
                test from across the Department'' after ``in accordance 
                with subsection (c))''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and 
                approve''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``in order to 
                advise relevant technical authorities for such programs 
                on the incorporation of best practices for systems 
                engineering from across the Department'' after 
                ``programs''.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

SEC. 841. AMENDMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
                        WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT FUND.

    (a) Modifications to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Fund.--Section 1705 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by amending subparagraph (C) 
                to read as follows:
                    ``(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the applicable 
                percentage for a fiscal year is the percentage that 
                results in the credit to the Fund of $500,000,000 in 
                each fiscal year.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) by striking ``an amount specified in 
                      subparagraph (C)'' and inserting ``the amount 
                      specified in subparagraph (C)''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``an amount that is less 
                      than'' and all that follows through the end and 
                      inserting ``an amount that is less than 
                      $400,000,000.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``24-month 
                period'' and inserting ``36-month period'';
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``60 days'' and inserting 
        ``120 days''; and
            (3) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) by striking ``acquisition workforce positions'' 
                and inserting ``of positions in the acquisition 
                workforce, as defined in subsection (h),'';
                    (C) by striking ``Authority.--'' and all that 
                follows through ``For purposes of'' in paragraph (1) and 
                inserting ``Authority.--For purposes of'';

[[Page 129 STAT. 914]]

                    (D) by striking ``(A)'' and inserting ``(1)'';
                    (E) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(2)''; and
                    (F) by aligning paragraphs (1) and (2), as 
                designated by subparagraphs (D) and (E), so as to be two 
                ems from the left margin.

    (b) Modifications to Biennial Strategic Workforce Plan.--Section 
115b(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the defense acquisition 
        workforce, including both military and civilian personnel'' and 
        inserting ``the military, civilian, and contractor personnel 
        that directly support the acquisition processes of the 
        Department of Defense, including persons serving in acquisition-
        related positions designated by the Secretary of Defense under 
        section 1721 of this title'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)(D)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after clause (i) the following new 
                clause:
                    ``(ii) a description of steps that will be taken to 
                address any new or expanded critical skills and 
                competencies the civilian employee workforce will need 
                to address recent trends in defense acquisition, 
                emerging best practices, changes in the Government and 
                commercial marketplace, and new requirements established 
                in law or regulation; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), contractor personnel shall 
be treated as directly supporting the acquisition processes of the 
Department if, and to the extent that, such contractor personnel perform 
functions in support of personnel in Department of Defense positions 
designated by the Secretary of Defense under section 1721 of this 
title.''.
SEC. 842. DUAL-TRACK MILITARY PROFESSIONALS IN OPERATIONAL AND 
                        ACQUISITION SPECIALITIES.

    (a) Requirement for Chief of Staff Involvement.--Section 1722a(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting after ``military 
department)'' the following: ``, in collaboration with the Chief of 
Staff of the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of 
the Air Force, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps (with respect to 
the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps, respectively),''.
    (b) Dual-track Career Path.--Section 1722a(b) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively;
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``single-track'' before 
        ``career path''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) A dual-track career path that attracts the highest 
        quality officers and enlisted personnel and allows them to gain 
        experience in and receive credit for a primary career in combat 
        arms and a functional secondary career in the acquisition field

[[Page 129 STAT. 915]]

        in order to more closely align the military operational, 
        requirements, and acquisition workforces of each armed force.''.
SEC. 843. PROVISION OF JOINT DUTY ASSIGNMENT CREDIT FOR 
                        ACQUISITION DUTY.

    Section 668(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or'' at the end of subparagraph (D);
            (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) acquisition matters addressed by military personnel 
        and covered under chapter 87 of this title.''.
SEC. 844. MANDATORY REQUIREMENT FOR TRAINING RELATED TO THE 
                        CONDUCT OF MARKET RESEARCH.

    (a) Mandatory Market Research Training.--Section 2377 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(d) Market Research Training Required.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall provide mandatory training for members of the armed forces and 
employees of the Department of Defense responsible for the conduct of 
market research required under subsection (c). Such mandatory training 
shall, at a minimum--
            ``(1) provide comprehensive information on the subject of 
        market research and the function of market research in the 
        acquisition of commercial items;
            ``(2) teach best practices for conducting and documenting 
        market research; and
            ``(3) provide methodologies for establishing standard 
        processes and reports for collecting and sharing market research 
        across the Department.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2377 note.>>  Incorporation Into Management 
Certification Training Mandate.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff shall ensure that the requirements of section 2377(d) of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), are incorporated into 
the requirements management certification training mandate of the Joint 
Capabilities Integration Development System.
SEC. 845. INDEPENDENT STUDY OF IMPLEMENTATION OF DEFENSE 
                        ACQUISITION WORKFORCE IMPROVEMENT EFFORTS.

    (a) Requirement for Study.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into a 
contract with an independent research entity described in subsection (b) 
to carry out a comprehensive study of the strategic planning of the 
Department of Defense related to the defense acquisition workforce. The 
study shall provide a comprehensive examination of the Department's 
efforts to recruit, develop, and retain the acquisition workforce with a 
specific review of the following:
            (1) The implementation of the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
        Improvement Act (including chapter 87 of title 10, United States 
        Code).
            (2) The application of the Department of Defense Acquisition 
        Workforce Development Fund (as established under section 1705 of 
        title 10, United States Code).
            (3) The effectiveness of professional military education 
        programs, including fellowships and exchanges with industry.

[[Page 129 STAT. 916]]

    (b) Independent Research Entity.--The entity described in this 
subsection is an independent research entity that is a not-for-profit 
entity or a federally funded research and development center with 
appropriate expertise and analytical capability.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) To secretary.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the independent research entity shall 
        provide to the Secretary a report containing--
                    (A) the results of the study required by subsection 
                (a); and
                    (B) such recommendations to improve the acquisition 
                workforce as the independent research entity considers 
                to be appropriate.
            (2) To congress.--Not later than 30 days after receipt of 
        the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit such report, together with any additional views or 
        recommendations of the Secretary, to the congressional defense 
        committees.
SEC. 846. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR THE CIVILIAN ACQUISITION 
                        WORKFORCE PERSONNEL DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1762(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2020''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Such section is further amended by 
striking ``demonstration program'' and inserting ``demonstration 
project''.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

SEC. 851. PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) Commercial Item Determinations by Department of Defense.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2380. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2380.>>  Commercial item 
                  determinations by Department of Defense

    ``The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) establish and maintain a centralized capability with 
        necessary expertise and resources to oversee the making of 
        commercial item determinations for the purposes of procurements 
        by the Department of Defense; and
            ``(2) provide public access to Department of Defense 
        commercial item determinations for the purposes of procurements 
        by the Department of Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2375 prec.>> amended 
        by adding at the end the following new item:

``2380. Commercial item determinations by Department of Defense.''.

    (b) Commercial Item Exception to Submission of Cost and Pricing 
Data.--Section 2306a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:

[[Page 129 STAT. 917]]

            ``(4) Commercial item determination.--(A) For purposes of 
        applying the commercial item exception under paragraph (1)(B) to 
        the required submission of certified cost or pricing data, the 
        contracting officer may presume that a prior commercial item 
        determination made by a military department, a Defense Agency, 
        or another component of the Department of Defense shall serve as 
        a determination for subsequent procurements of such item.
            ``(B) If the contracting officer does not make the 
        presumption described in subparagraph (A) and instead chooses to 
        proceed with a procurement of an item previously determined to 
        be a commercial item using procedures other than the procedures 
        authorized for the procurement of a commercial item, the 
        contracting officer shall request a review of the commercial 
        item determination by the head of the contracting activity.
            ``(C) Not later than 30 days after receiving a request for 
        review of a commercial item determination under subparagraph 
        (B), the head of a contracting activity shall--
                    ``(i) confirm that the prior determination was 
                appropriate and still applicable; or
                    ``(ii) issue a revised determination with a written 
                explanation of the basis for the revision.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2306a note.>>  Definition of Commercial Item.--
Nothing in this section or the amendments made by this section shall 
affect the meaning of the term ``commercial item'' under subsection 
(a)(5) of section 2464 of title 10, United States Code, or any 
requirement under subsection (a)(3) or subsection (c) of such section.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2306a note.>>  Regulations Update.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Defense 
Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement shall be updated to reflect 
the requirements of this section and the amendments made by this 
section.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2306a note.>>  Rule of Construction.--Nothing in 
this section or the amendments made by this section shall be construed 
to preclude the contracting officer for the procurement of a commercial 
item from requiring the contractor to supply information that is 
sufficient to determine the reasonableness of price, regardless of 
whether or not the contractor was required to provide such information 
in connection with any earlier procurement.
SEC. 852. MODIFICATION TO INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE SUBMITTED BY 
                        OFFEROR IN PROCUREMENT OF MAJOR WEAPON 
                        SYSTEMS AS COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) Requirement for Determination.--Subsection (a) of section 2379 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).

    (b) Treatment of Subsystems as Commercial Items.--Subsection (b) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``only if'' and inserting ``if either'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``that--'' and all that follows 
                through ``the subsystem is a'' and inserting ``that the 
                subsystem is a'';
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; 
                and

[[Page 129 STAT. 918]]

                    (C) by striking subparagraph (B).

    (c) Treatment of Components as Commercial Items.--Subsection (c)(1) 
of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``title only if'' and inserting ``title if 
        either''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B)--
                    (A) by striking ``that--'' and all that follows 
                through ``the component or'' and inserting ``that the 
                component or'';
                    (B) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; 
                and
                    (C) by striking clause (ii).

    (d) Information Submitted.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Information Submitted.--(1) To the extent necessary to 
determine the reasonableness of the price for items acquired under this 
section, the contracting officer shall require the offeror to submit--
            ``(A) prices paid for the same or similar commercial items 
        under comparable terms and conditions by both Government and 
        commercial customers;
            ``(B) if the contracting officer determines that the offeror 
        does not have access to and cannot provide sufficient 
        information described in subparagraph (A) to determine the 
        reasonableness of price, information on--
                    ``(i) prices for the same or similar items sold 
                under different terms and conditions;
                    ``(ii) prices for similar levels of work or effort 
                on related products or services;
                    ``(iii) prices for alternative solutions or 
                approaches; and
                    ``(iv) other relevant information that can serve as 
                the basis for a price assessment; and
            ``(C) if the contracting officer determines that the 
        information submitted pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B) is 
        not sufficient to determine the reasonableness of price, other 
        relevant information regarding the basis for price or cost, 
        including information on labor costs, material costs, and 
        overhead rates.

    ``(2) An offeror may not be required to submit information described 
in paragraph (1)(C) with regard to a commercially available off-the-
shelf item and may be required to submit such information with regard to 
any other item that was developed exclusively at private expense only 
after the head of the contracting activity determines in writing that 
the information submitted pursuant to paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B) is 
not sufficient to determine the reasonableness of price.''.
    (e) Conforming Amendment to Truth in Negotiations Act.--Section 
2306a(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new sentence: ``If the contracting officer determines 
that the offeror does not have access to and cannot provide sufficient 
information on prices for the same or similar items to determine the 
reasonableness of price, the contracting officer shall require the 
submission of information on prices for similar levels of work or effort 
on related products or services, prices for alternative solutions or 
approaches, and other information that is relevant to the determination 
of a fair and reasonable price.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 919]]

SEC. 853. USE OF RECENT PRICES PAID BY THE GOVERNMENT IN THE 
                        DETERMINATION OF PRICE REASONABLENESS.

    Section 2306a(b) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
section 851, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(5) A contracting officer shall consider evidence provided 
        by an offeror of recent purchase prices paid by the Government 
        for the same or similar commercial items in establishing price 
        reasonableness on a subsequent purchase if the contracting 
        officer is satisfied that the prices previously paid remain a 
        valid reference for comparison after considering the totality of 
        other relevant factors such as the time elapsed since the prior 
        purchase and any differences in the quantities purchased or 
        applicable terms and conditions.''.
SEC. 854. REPORT ON DEFENSE-UNIQUE LAWS APPLICABLE TO THE 
                        PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS AND 
                        COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE OFF-THE-SHELF 
                        ITEMS.

    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report identifying the defense-unique 
provisions of law that are applicable for procurement of commercial 
items or commercial off-the-shelf items, both at the prime contract and 
subcontract level. The report--
            (1) shall discuss the impact--
                    (A) of limiting the inclusion of clauses in 
                contracts for commercial items or commercial off-the-
                shelf items to those that are required to implement law 
                or Executive orders or are determined to be consistent 
                with standard commercial practice; and
                    (B) of limiting flow down of clauses in subcontracts 
                for commercial items or commercial off the shelf-items 
                to those that are required to implement law or Executive 
                order; and
            (2) shall provide a listing of all standard clauses used in 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation Part 12 contracts, including a 
        justification for the inclusion of each.

    (b) Deadline for Submission.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
SEC. 855. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2377 note.>>  MARKET RESEARCH AND 
                        PREFERENCE FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) Guidance Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall issue guidance to ensure that 
acquisition officials of the Department of Defense fully comply with the 
requirements of section 2377 of title 10, United States Code, regarding 
market research and commercial items. The guidance issued pursuant to 
this subsection shall, at a minimum--
            (1) provide that the head of an agency may not enter into a 
        contract in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold for 
        information technology products or services that are not 
        commercial items unless the head of the agency determines in 
        writing that no commercial items are suitable to meet the 
        agency's needs as provided in subsection (c)(2) of such section; 
        and

[[Page 129 STAT. 920]]

            (2) ensure that market research conducted in accordance with 
        subsection (c) of such section is used, where appropriate, to 
        inform price reasonableness determinations.

    (b) Review Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Chairman and the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, shall review Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction 3170.01, the Manual for the Operation 
of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System, and other 
documents governing the requirements development process and revise 
these documents as necessary to ensure that the Department of Defense 
fully complies with the requirement in section 2377(c) of title 10, 
United States Code, and section 10.001 of the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation for Federal agencies to conduct appropriate market research 
before developing new requirements.
    (c) Market Research Defined.--For the purposes of this section, the 
term ``market research'' means a review of existing systems, subsystems, 
capabilities, and technologies that are available or could be made 
available to meet the needs of the Department of Defense in whole or in 
part. The review may include any of the techniques for conducting market 
research provided in section 10.002(b)(2) of the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation and shall include, at a minimum, contacting knowledgeable 
individuals in Government and industry regarding existing market 
capabilities.
SEC. 856. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2377 note.>>  LIMITATION ON CONVERSION OF 
                        PROCUREMENTS FROM COMMERCIAL ACQUISITION 
                        PROCEDURES.

    (a) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), prior 
        to converting the procurement of commercial items or services 
        valued at more than $1,000,000 from commercial acquisition 
        procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
        to noncommercial acquisition procedures under part 15 of the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation, the contracting officer for the 
        procurement shall determine in writing that--
                    (A) the earlier use of commercial acquisition 
                procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition 
                Regulation was in error or based on inadequate 
                information; and
                    (B) the Department of Defense will realize a cost 
                savings compared to the cost of procuring a similar 
                quantity or level of such item or service using 
                commercial acquisition procedures.
            (2) Requirement for approval of determination by head of 
        contracting activity.--In the case of a procurement valued at 
        more than $100,000,000, a contract may not be awarded pursuant 
        to a conversion of the procurement described in paragraph (1) 
        until--
                    (A) the head of the contracting activity approves 
                the determination made under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) a copy of the determination so approved is 
                provided to the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.

    (b) Factors to Be Considered.--In making a determination under 
paragraph (1), the determining official shall, at a minimum, consider 
the following factors:

[[Page 129 STAT. 921]]

            (1) The estimated cost of research and development to be 
        performed by the existing contractor to improve future products 
        or services.
            (2) The transaction costs for the Department of Defense and 
        the contractor in assessing and responding to data requests to 
        support a conversion to noncommercial acquisition procedures.
            (3) Changes in purchase quantities.
            (4) Costs associated with potential procurement delays 
        resulting from the conversion.

    (c) Procedures.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop procedures 
to track conversions of future contracts and subcontracts for improved 
analysis and reporting and shall revise the Defense Federal Acquisition 
Regulation Supplement to reflect the requirement in subsection (a).
    (d) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the implementation of 
subsection (a), including any procurements converted as described in 
that subsection.
    (e) Sunset.--The requirements of this section shall terminate 5 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 857. TREATMENT OF GOODS AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY 
                        NONTRADITIONAL DEFENSE CONTRACTORS AS 
                        COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 851, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 2380A. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2380A.>>  Treatment of goods and 
                    services provided by nontraditional defense 
                    contractors as commercial items

    ``Notwithstanding section 2376(1) of this title, items and services 
provided by nontraditional defense contractors (as that term is defined 
in section 2302(9) of this title) may be treated by the head of an 
agency as commercial items for purposes of this chapter.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 140 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2375 prec.>> amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 2380, as added by section 
851, the following new item:

``2380A. Treatment of goods and services provided by nontraditional 
           defense contractors as commercial items.''.

                   Subtitle F--Industrial Base Matters

SEC. 861. AMENDMENT TO MENTOR-PROTEGE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 831 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``designed to enhance'' 
        and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
        the following: ``designed to--

[[Page 129 STAT. 922]]

    ``(1) enhance the capabilities of disadvantaged small business 
concerns to perform as subcontractors and suppliers under Department of 
Defense contracts and other contracts and subcontracts; and
    ``(2) increase the participation of such business concerns as 
subcontractors and suppliers under Department of Defense contracts, 
other Federal Government contracts, and commercial contracts.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``to receive such 
        assistance at any time'' and inserting ``concurrently, and the 
        authority to enter into agreements under subsection (e) shall 
        only be available to such concern during the 5-year period 
        beginning on the date such concern enters into the first such 
        agreement'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                clauses (i) and (ii), respectively (and conforming the 
                margins accordingly); and
                    (B) by inserting before clause (i) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:
            ``(1) the mentor firm is not affiliated with the protege 
        firm prior to the approval of that agreement; and
            ``(2) the mentor firm demonstrates that it--
                    ``(A) is qualified to provide assistance that will 
                contribute to the purpose of the program;
                    ``(B) is of good financial health and character and 
                does not appear on a Federal list of debarred or 
                suspended contractors; and
                    ``(C) can impart value to a protege firm because of 
                experience gained as a Department of Defense contractor 
                or through knowledge of general business operations and 
                government contracting, as demonstrated by evidence 
                that--'';
            (4) by amending subsection (e)(1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) A developmental program for the protege firm, in such 
        detail as may be reasonable, including--
                    ``(A) factors to assess the protege firm's 
                developmental progress under the program;
                    ``(B) a description of the quantitative and 
                qualitative benefits to the Department of Defense from 
                the agreement, if applicable; and
                    ``(C) goals for additional awards that protege firm 
                can compete for outside the Mentor-Protege Program.'';
            (5) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``business 
                development,'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (6); and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (6);
            (6) in subsection (g)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                      ``paragraphs (1) and (7) of subsection (f)'' and 
                      inserting ``paragraphs (1) and (6) of subsection 
                      (f) (except as provided in subparagraph (D))'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``under 
                      subsection (l)(2)''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:

[[Page 129 STAT. 923]]

            ``(D) The Secretary may not reimburse any fee assessed by 
        the mentor firm for services provided to the protege firm 
        pursuant to subsection (f)(6) or for business development 
        expenses incurred by the mentor firm under a contract awarded to 
        the mentor firm while participating in a joint venture with the 
        protege firm.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)(B)(i), by striking ``subsection 
                (f)(7)'' and inserting ``subsection (f)(6)'';
            (7) in subsection (h)(1), by inserting ``(15 U.S.C. 631 et 
        seq.)'' after ``Small Business Act'';
            (8) in subsection (j)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``September 30, 
                2015'' and inserting ``September 30, 2018''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``September 30, 
                2018'' and inserting ``September 30, 2021'';
            (9) by redesignating subsection (l) as subsection (n);
            (10) by inserting after subsection (k) the following new 
        subsections:

    ``(l) Report by Mentor Firms.--To comply with section 8(d)(7) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(7)), each mentor firm shall submit 
a report to the Secretary not less than once each fiscal year that 
includes, for the preceding fiscal year--
            ``(1) all technical or management assistance provided by 
        mentor firm personnel for the purposes described in subsection 
        (f)(1);
            ``(2) any new awards of subcontracts on a competitive or 
        noncompetitive basis to the protege firm under Department of 
        Defense contracts or other contracts, including the value of 
        such subcontracts;
            ``(3) any extensions, increases in the scope of work, or 
        additional payments not previously reported for prior awards of 
        subcontracts on a competitive or noncompetitive basis to the 
        protege firm under Department of Defense contracts or other 
        contracts, including the value of such subcontracts;
            ``(4) the amount of any payment of progress payments or 
        advance payments made to the protege firm for performance under 
        any subcontract made under the Mentor-Protege Program;
            ``(5) any loans made by mentor firm to the protege firm;
            ``(6) all Federal contracts awarded to the mentor firm and 
        the protege firm as a joint venture, designating whether the 
        award was a restricted competition or a full and open 
        competition;
            ``(7) any assistance obtained by the mentor firm for the 
        protege firm from one or more--
                    ``(A) small business development centers established 
                pursuant to section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 
                U.S.C. 648);
                    ``(B) entities providing procurement technical 
                assistance pursuant to chapter 142 of title 10, United 
                States Code; or
                    ``(C) historically Black colleges or universities or 
                minority institutions of higher education;
            ``(8) whether there have been any changes to the terms of 
        the mentor-protege agreement; and
            ``(9) a narrative describing the success assistance provided 
        under subsection (f) has had in addressing the developmental

[[Page 129 STAT. 924]]

        needs of the protege firm, the impact on Department of Defense 
        contracts, and addressing any problems encountered.

    ``(m) Review of Report by the Office of Small Business Programs.--
The Office of Small Business Programs of the Department of Defense shall 
review the report required by subsection (l) and, if the Office finds 
that the mentor-protege agreement is not furthering the purpose of the 
Mentor-Protege Program, decide not to approve any continuation of the 
agreement.''; and
            (11) in subsection (n) (as so redesignated)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``means a business 
                concern that meets the requirements of section 3(a) of 
                the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(a)) and the 
                regulations promulgated pursuant thereto'' and inserting 
                ``has the meaning given such term under section 3 of the 
                Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``means:'' and inserting 
                      ``means a firm that has less than half the size 
                      standard corresponding to its primary North 
                      American Industry Classification System code, is 
                      not owned or managed by individuals or entities 
                      that directly or indirectly have stock options or 
                      convertible securities in the mentor firm, and 
                      is--'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``the 
                      severely disabled'' and inserting ``severely 
                      disabled individuals'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``Small 
                      Business Act.'' and inserting ``Small Business Act 
                      (15 U.S.C. 632(p)); or''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:
                    ``(H) a small business concern that--
                          ``(i) is a nontraditional defense contractor, 
                      as such term is defined in section 2302 of title 
                      10, United States Code; or
                          ``(ii) currently provides goods or services in 
                      the private sector that are critical to enhancing 
                      the capabilities of the defense supplier base and 
                      fulfilling key Department of Defense needs.'';
                    (C) by amending paragraph (8) to read as follows:
            ``(8) The term `severely disabled individual' means an 
        individual who is blind (as defined in section 8501 of title 41, 
        United States Code) or a severely disabled individual (as 
        defined in such section).''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(9) The term `affiliated', with respect to the 
        relationship between a mentor firm and a protege firm, means--
                    ``(A) the mentor firm shares, directly or 
                indirectly, with the protege firm ownership or 
                management of the protege firm;
                    ``(B) the mentor firm has an agreement, at the time 
                the mentor firm enters into a mentor-protege agreement 
                under subsection (e), to merge with the protege firm;
                    ``(C) the owners and managers of the mentor firm are 
                the parent, child, spouse, sibling, aunt, uncle, niece, 
                nephew, grandparent, grandchild, or first cousin of an 
                owner or manager of the protege firm;

[[Page 129 STAT. 925]]

                    ``(D) the mentor firm has, during the 2-year period 
                before entering into a mentor-protege agreement, 
                employed any officer, director, principal stock holder, 
                managing member, or key employee of the protege firm;
                    ``(E) the mentor firm has engaged in a joint venture 
                with the protege firm during the 2-year period before 
                entering into a mentor-protege agreement, unless such 
                joint venture was approved by the Small Business 
                Administration prior to making any offer on a contract;
                    ``(F) the mentor firm is, directly or indirectly, 
                the primary party providing contracts to the protege 
                firm, as measured by the dollar value of the contracts; 
                and
                    ``(G) the Small Business Administration has made a 
                determination of affiliation or control under subsection 
                (h).''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  Application.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
        apply to a mentor-protege agreement made pursuant to section 831 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 
        (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) 
        entered into after the date of the enactment of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
            (2) Retroactivity of report and review requirements.--The 
        amendments made by subsection (a)(10) shall apply to a mentor-
        protege agreement made pursuant to section 831 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-
        510; 104 Stat. 1607; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) entered into before, 
        on, or after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
SEC. 862. AMENDMENTS TO DATA QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Section 15(s) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
644(s)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (6); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(4) Implementation.--Not later than October 1, 2016, the 
        Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall 
        implement the plan described in this subsection.
            ``(5) Certification.--The Administrator shall annually 
        provide to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
        Entrepreneurship of the Senate a certification of the accuracy 
        and completeness of data reported on bundled and consolidated 
        contracts.''.

    (b) GAO Study.--
            (1) Study.--Not later than October 1, 2017, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall initiate a study on the 
        effectiveness of the plan described in section 15(s) of the 
        Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(s)) that shall assess whether 
        contracts were accurately labeled as bundled or consolidated.
            (2) Contracts evaluated.--For the purposes of conducting the 
        study described in paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the 
        United States--
                    (A) shall evaluate, for work in each of sectors 23, 
                33, 54, and 56 (as defined by the North American 
                Industry

[[Page 129 STAT. 926]]

                Classification System), not fewer than 100 contracts in 
                each sector;
                    (B) shall evaluate only those contracts--
                          (i) awarded by an agency listed in section 
                      901(b) of title 31, United States Code; and
                          (ii) that have a Base and Exercised Options 
                      Value, an Action Obligation, or a Base and All 
                      Options Value (as such terms are defined in the 
                      Federal Procurement Data System described in 
                      section 1122(a)(4)(A) of title 41, United States 
                      Code, or any successor system); and
                    (C) shall not evaluate contracts that have used any 
                set-aside authority.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 12 months after initiating the 
        study required by paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall report to the Committee on Small Business of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on Small Business 
        and Entrepreneurship of the Senate on the results from such 
        study and, if warranted, any recommendations on how to improve 
        the quality of data reported on bundled and consolidated 
        contracts.
SEC. 863. NOTICE OF CONTRACT CONSOLIDATION FOR ACQUISITION 
                        STRATEGIES.

    (a) Notice Requirement for the Head of a Contracting Agency.--
Section 15(e)(3) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(e)(3)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) Strategy specifications.--If the head of a contracting 
        agency determines that an acquisition plan for a procurement 
        involves a substantial bundling of contract requirements, the 
        head of a contracting agency shall publish a notice on a public 
        website that such determination has been made not later than 7 
        days after making such determination. Any solicitation for a 
        procurement related to the acquisition plan may not be published 
        earlier than 7 days after such notice is published. Along with 
        the publication of the solicitation, the head of a contracting 
        agency shall publish a justification for the determination, 
        which shall include the following information:
                    ``(A) The specific benefits anticipated to be 
                derived from the bundling of contract requirements and a 
                determination that such benefits justify the bundling.
                    ``(B) An identification of any alternative 
                contracting approaches that would involve a lesser 
                degree of bundling of contract requirements.
                    ``(C) An assessment of--
                          ``(i) the specific impediments to 
                      participation by small business concerns as prime 
                      contractors that result from the bundling of 
                      contract requirements; and
                          ``(ii) the specific actions designed to 
                      maximize participation of small business concerns 
                      as subcontractors (including suppliers) at various 
                      tiers under the contract or contracts that are 
                      awarded to meet the requirements.''.

    (b) Notice Requirement for the Senior Procurement Executive or Chief 
Acquisition Officer.--Section 44(c)(2) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 657q(c)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 927]]

                    ``(C) Notice.--Not later than 7 days after making a 
                determination that an acquisition strategy involving a 
                consolidation of contract requirements is necessary and 
                justified under subparagraph (A), the senior procurement 
                executive or Chief Acquisition Officer shall publish a 
                notice on a public website that such determination has 
                been made. Any solicitation for a procurement related to 
                the acquisition strategy may not be published earlier 
                than 7 days after such notice is published. Along with 
                the publication of the solicitation, the senior 
                procurement executive or Chief Acquisition Officer shall 
                publish a justification for the determination, which 
                shall include the information in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (E) of paragraph (1).''.

    (c) Technical Amendment.--Section 44(c)(1) of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 657q(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``Subject to paragraph 
(4), the head'' and inserting ``The head''.
SEC. 864. CLARIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO SMALL BUSINESS 
                        CONTRACTS FOR SERVICES.

    (a) Procurement Contracts.--Section 8(a)(17) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(17)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``any procurement 
        contract'' and all that follows through ``section 15'' and 
        inserting ``any procurement contract, which contract has as its 
        principal purpose the supply of a product to be let pursuant to 
        this subsection, subsection (m), section 15(a), section 31, or 
        section 36,''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) Limitation.--This paragraph shall not apply to a 
        contract that has as its principal purpose the acquisition of 
        services or construction.''.

    (b) Subcontractor Contracts.--Section 46(a)(4) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 657s(a)(4)) is amended by striking ``for supplies from a 
regular dealer in such supplies'' and inserting ``which is principally 
for supplies from a regular dealer in such supplies, and which is not a 
contract principally for services or construction''.
SEC. 865. CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY 
                        SPECIALISTS, COMMERCIAL MARKET 
                        REPRESENTATIVES, AND PROCUREMENT CENTER 
                        REPRESENTATIVES.

    (a) Business Opportunity Specialist Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Section 4 of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 633) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(g) Certification Requirements for Business Opportunity 
Specialists.--
            ``(1) In general.--Consistent with the requirements of 
        paragraph (2), a Business Opportunity Specialist described under 
        section 7(j)(10)(D) shall have a Level I Federal Acquisition 
        Certification in Contracting (or any successor certification) or 
        the equivalent Department of Defense certification, except that 
        a Business Opportunity Specialist who was serving on or before 
        January 3, 2013, may continue to serve as a Business Opportunity 
        Specialist for a period of 5 years beginning on such date 
        without such a certification.
            ``(2) Delay of certification requirement.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 928]]

                    ``(A) Timing.--The certification described in 
                paragraph (1) is not required for any person serving as 
                a Business Opportunity Specialist until the date that is 
                one calendar year after the date such person is 
                appointed as a Business Opportunity Specialist.
                    ``(B) Application.--The requirements of subparagraph 
                (A) shall--
                          ``(i) be included in any initial job posting 
                      for the position of a Business Opportunity 
                      Specialist; and
                          ``(ii) apply to any person appointed as a 
                      Business Opportunity Specialist after January 3, 
                      2013.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 7(j)(10)(D)(i) of such 
        Act (15 U.S.C. 636(j)(10)(D)(i)) is amended by striking the 
        second sentence.

    (b) Commercial Market Representative Requirements.--Section 4 of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 633), as amended by subsection (a)(1), is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Certification Requirements for Commercial Market 
Representatives.--
            ``(1) In general.--Consistent with the requirements of 
        paragraph (2), a commercial market representative referred to in 
        section 15(q)(3) shall have a Level I Federal Acquisition 
        Certification in Contracting (or any successor certification) or 
        the equivalent Department of Defense certification, except that 
        a commercial market representative who was serving on or before 
        the date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2016 may continue to serve as a commercial 
        market representative for a period of 5 years beginning on such 
        date without such a certification.
            ``(2) Delay of certification requirement.--
                    ``(A) Timing.--The certification described in 
                paragraph (1) is not required for any person serving as 
                a commercial market representative until the date that 
                is one calendar year after the date such person is 
                appointed as a commercial market representative.
                    ``(B) Application.--The requirements of subparagraph 
                (A) shall--
                          ``(i) be included in any initial job posting 
                      for the position of a commercial market 
                      representative; and
                          ``(ii) apply to any person appointed as a 
                      commercial market representative after the date of 
                      the enactment of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.''.

    (c) Procurement Center Representative Requirements.--Section 
15(l)(5) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(l)(5)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by amending clause (iii) to read as 
        follows:
                          ``(iii) have the certification described in 
                      subparagraph (C).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Certification requirements.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Consistent with the 
                      requirements of clause (ii), a procurement center 
                      representative shall have a Level III Federal 
                      Acquisition Certification in Contracting (or any 
                      successor certification)

[[Page 129 STAT. 929]]

                      or the equivalent Department of Defense 
                      certification, except that any person serving in 
                      such a position on or before January 3, 2013, may 
                      continue to serve in that position for a period of 
                      5 years without the required certification.
                          ``(ii) Delay of certification requirements.--
                                    ``(I) Timing.--The certification 
                                described in clause (i) is not required 
                                for any person serving as a procurement 
                                center representative until the date 
                                that is one calendar year after the date 
                                such person is appointed as a 
                                procurement center representative.
                                    ``(II) Application.--The 
                                requirements of subclause (I) shall--
                                            ``(aa) be included in any 
                                        initial job posting for the 
                                        position of a procurement center 
                                        representative; and
                                            ``(bb) apply to any person 
                                        appointed as a procurement 
                                        center representative after 
                                        January 3, 2013.''.
SEC. 866. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENTS FOR QUALIFIED HUBZONE 
                        SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS LOCATED IN A BASE 
                        CLOSURE AREA.

    (a) In General.--Section 3(p) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
632(p)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) qualified disaster areas.'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
                subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                    ``(D) a small business concern--
                          ``(i) that is wholly owned by one or more 
                      Native Hawaiian Organizations (as defined in 
                      section 8(a)(15)), or by a corporation that is 
                      wholly owned by one or more Native Hawaiian 
                      Organizations; or
                          ``(ii) that is owned in part by one or more 
                      Native Hawaiian Organizations, or by a corporation 
                      that is wholly owned by one or more Native 
                      Hawaiian Organizations, if all other owners are 
                      either United States citizens or small business 
                      concerns;'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
                    ``(D) Base closure area.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the 
                      term `base closure area' means--
                                    ``(I) lands within the external 
                                boundaries of a military installation 
                                that were closed through a privatization 
                                process under the authority of--
                                            ``(aa) the Defense Base 
                                        Closure and Realignment Act of 
                                        1990 (part A of title XXIX

[[Page 129 STAT. 930]]

                                        of division B of Public Law 101-
                                        510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note);
                                            ``(bb) title II of the 
                                        Defense Authorization Amendments 
                                        and Base Closure and Realignment 
                                        Act (Public Law 100-526; 10 
                                        U.S.C. 2687 note);
                                            ``(cc) section 2687 of title 
                                        10, United States Code; or
                                            ``(dd) any other provision 
                                        of law authorizing or directing 
                                        the Secretary of Defense or the 
                                        Secretary of a military 
                                        department to dispose of real 
                                        property at the military 
                                        installation for purposes 
                                        relating to base closures of 
                                        redevelopment, while retaining 
                                        the authority to enter into a 
                                        leaseback of all or a portion of 
                                        the property for military use;
                                    ``(II) the census tract or 
                                nonmetropolitan county in which the 
                                lands described in subclause (I) are 
                                wholly contained;
                                    ``(III) a census tract or 
                                nonmetropolitan county the boundaries of 
                                which intersect the area described in 
                                subclause (I); and
                                    ``(IV) a census tract or 
                                nonmetropolitan county the boundaries of 
                                which are contiguous to the area 
                                described in subclause (II) or subclause 
                                (III).
                          ``(ii) Limitation.--A base closure area shall 
                      be treated as a HUBZone--
                                    ``(I) with respect to a census tract 
                                or nonmetropolitan county described in 
                                clause (i), for a period of not less 
                                than 8 years, beginning on the date the 
                                military installation undergoes final 
                                closure and ending on the date the 
                                Administrator makes a final 
                                determination as to whether or not to 
                                implement the applicable designation 
                                described in subparagraph (A) or (B) in 
                                accordance with the results of the 
                                decennial census conducted after the 
                                area was initially designated as a base 
                                closure area; and
                                    ``(II) if such area was treated as a 
                                HUBZone at any time after 2010, until 
                                such time as the Administrator makes a 
                                final determination as to whether or not 
                                to implement the applicable designation 
                                described in subparagraph (A) or (B), 
                                after the 2020 decennial census.
                          ``(iii) Definitions.--In this subparagraph:
                                    ``(I) Census tract.--The term 
                                `census tract' means a census tract 
                                delineated by the United States Bureau 
                                of the Census in the most recent 
                                decennial census that is not located in 
                                a nonmetropolitan county and does not 
                                otherwise qualify as a qualified census 
                                tract.
                                    ``(II) Nonmetropolitan county.--The 
                                term `nonmetropolitan county' means a 
                                county that was not located in a 
                                metropolitan statistical area (as 
                                defined in section 143(k)(2)(B) of the 
                                Internal Revenue Code of 1986) at the 
                                time of the most recent census taken for 
                                purposes of selecting qualified

[[Page 129 STAT. 931]]

                                census tracts and does not otherwise 
                                qualify as a qualified nonmetropolitan 
                                county.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) Qualified disaster area.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the 
                      term `qualified disaster area' means any census 
                      tract or nonmetropolitan county located in an area 
                      for which the President has declared a major 
                      disaster under section 401 of the Robert T. 
                      Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance 
                      Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) or located in an area in 
                      which a catastrophic incident has occurred if such 
                      census tract or nonmetropolitan county ceased to 
                      be qualified under subparagraph (A) or (B), as 
                      applicable, during the period beginning 5 years 
                      before the date on which the President declared 
                      the major disaster or the catastrophic incident 
                      occurred and ending 2 years after such date, 
                      except that such census tract or nonmetropolitan 
                      county may be a `qualified disaster area' only--
                                    ``(I) in the case of a major 
                                disaster declared by the President, 
                                during the 5-year period beginning on 
                                the date on which the President declared 
                                the major disaster for the area in which 
                                the census tract or nonmetropolitan 
                                county, as applicable, is located; and
                                    ``(II) in the case of a catastrophic 
                                incident, during the 10-year period 
                                beginning on the date on which the 
                                catastrophic incident occurred in the 
                                area in which the census tract or 
                                nonmetropolitan county, as applicable, 
                                is located.
                          ``(ii) Limitation.--A qualified disaster area 
                      described in clause (i) shall be treated as a 
                      HUBZone for a period of not less than 8 years, 
                      beginning on the date the Administrator makes a 
                      final determination as to whether or not to 
                      implement the designations described in 
                      subparagraphs (A) and (B) in accordance with the 
                      results of the decennial census conducted after 
                      the area was initially designated as a qualified 
                      disaster area.''; and
            (4) in paragraph (5)(A)(i)(I)--
                    (A) in item (aa)--
                          (i) by striking ``subparagraph (A), (B), (C), 
                      (D), or (E) of paragraph (3)'' and inserting 
                      ``subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), or (F) of 
                      paragraph (3)''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                    (B) by redesignating item (bb) as item (cc); and
                    (C) by inserting after item (aa) the following new 
                item:
                                            ``(bb) pursuant to 
                                        subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), 
                                        (E), or (F) of paragraph (3), 
                                        that its principal office is 
                                        located within a base closure 
                                        area and that not fewer than 35 
                                        percent of its employees reside 
                                        in such base closure area or in 
                                        another HUBZone; or''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 15 USC 632 note.>> Applicability.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a)(3)(B) shall apply to a major disaster declared by the 
President under section 401 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief 
and

[[Page 129 STAT. 932]]

Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170) or a catastrophic incident 
that occurs on or after the date of enactment of such subsection.

    (c) Including FEMA in Agencies That May Provide Data for HUBZone 
Program.--Section 31(c)(3) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
657a(c)(3)) is amended by inserting ``the Administrator of the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency,'' after ``the Secretary of Labor,''.
    (d) GAO Study of Improvement to Oversight of the HUBZone Program.--
Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall complete a study on and 
submit a report to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship 
of the Senate that includes--
            (1) an assessment of the evaluation process, including any 
        weaknesses in the process, used by the Small Business 
        Administration to approve or deny participation in the HUBZone 
        program established under section 31 of the Small Business Act 
        (15 U.S.C. 657a);
            (2) an assessment of the oversight of HUBZone program 
        participants by the Small Business Administration, including 
        Administration actions taken to prevent fraud, waste, and abuse; 
        and
            (3) recommendations on how to improve the evaluation process 
        and oversight mechanisms to further reduce fraud, waste, and 
        abuse.
SEC. 867. JOINT VENTURING AND TEAMING.

    (a) Joint Venture Offers for Bundled or Consolidated Contracts.--
Section 15(e)(4) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(e)(4)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(4) Contract teaming.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the case of a solicitation of 
                offers for a bundled or consolidated contract that is 
                issued by the head of an agency, a small business 
                concern that provides for use of a particular team of 
                subcontractors or a joint venture of small business 
                concerns may submit an offer for the performance of the 
                contract.
                    ``(B) Evaluation of offers.--The head of the agency 
                shall evaluate an offer described in subparagraph (A) in 
                the same manner as other offers, with due consideration 
                to the capabilities of all of the proposed 
                subcontractors or members of the joint venture as 
                follows:
                          ``(i) Teams.--When evaluating an offer of a 
                      small business prime contractor that includes a 
                      proposed team of small business subcontractors, 
                      the head of the agency shall consider the 
                      capabilities and past performance of each first 
                      tier subcontractor that is part of the team as the 
                      capabilities and past performance of the small 
                      business prime contractor.
                          ``(ii) Joint ventures.--When evaluating an 
                      offer of a joint venture of small business 
                      concerns, if the joint venture does not 
                      demonstrate sufficient capabilities or past 
                      performance to be considered for award of a 
                      contract opportunity, the head of the agency shall 
                      consider the capabilities and past performance of 
                      each

[[Page 129 STAT. 933]]

                      member of the joint venture as the capabilities 
                      and past performance of the joint venture.
                    ``(C) Status as a small business concern.--
                Participation of a small business concern in a team or a 
                joint venture under this paragraph shall not affect the 
                status of that concern as a small business concern for 
                any other purpose.''.

    (b) Team and Joint Ventures Offers for Multiple Award Contracts.--
Section 15(q)(1) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 644(q)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by inserting ``and joint venture'' 
        before ``requirements'';
            (2) by striking ``Each Federal agency'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Each Federal agency''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(B) Teams.--When evaluating an offer of a small 
                business prime contractor that includes a proposed team 
                of small business subcontractors for any multiple award 
                contract above the substantial bundling threshold of the 
                Federal agency, the head of the agency shall consider 
                the capabilities and past performance of each first tier 
                subcontractor that is part of the team as the 
                capabilities and past performance of the small business 
                prime contractor.
                    ``(C) Joint ventures.--When evaluating an offer of a 
                joint venture of small business concerns for any 
                multiple award contract above the substantial bundling 
                threshold of the Federal agency, if the joint venture 
                does not demonstrate sufficient capabilities or past 
                performance to be considered for award of a contract 
                opportunity, the head of the agency shall consider the 
                capabilities and past performance of each member of the 
                joint venture as the capabilities and past performance 
                of the joint venture.''.
SEC. 868. <<NOTE: 15 USC 644 note.>> MODIFICATION TO AND SCORECARD 
                        PROGRAM FOR SMALL BUSINESS CONTRACTING 
                        GOALS.

    (a) Amendment to Governmentwide Goal for Small Business 
Participation in Procurement Contracts.--Section 15(g)(1)(A)(i) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(A)(i)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following: ``In meeting this goal, the Government shall 
ensure the participation of small business concerns from a wide variety 
of industries and from a broad spectrum of small business concerns 
within each industry.''.
    (b) Scorecard Program for Evaluating Federal Agency Compliance With 
Small Business Contracting Goals.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2016, the 
        Administrator of the Small Business Administration, in 
        consultation with the Federal agencies, shall--
                    (A) develop a methodology for calculating a score to 
                be used to evaluate the compliance of each Federal 
                agency with meeting the goals established pursuant to 
                section 15(g)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                644(g)(1)(B)) based on each such goal; and
                    (B) develop a scorecard based on such methodology.
            (2) Use of scorecard.--Beginning in fiscal year 2017, the 
        Administrator shall establish and carry out a program to use the 
        scorecard developed under paragraph (1) to evaluate

[[Page 129 STAT. 934]]

        whether each Federal agency is creating the maximum practicable 
        opportunities for the award of prime contracts and subcontracts 
        to small business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small 
        business concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
        by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, and 
        small business concerns owned and controlled by women, by 
        assigning a score to each Federal agency for the previous fiscal 
        year.
            (3) Contents of scorecard.--The scorecard developed under 
        paragraph (1) shall include, for each Federal agency, the 
        following information:
                    (A) A determination of whether the Federal agency 
                met each of the prime contract goals established 
                pursuant to section 15(g)(1)(B) of the Small Business 
                Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(1)(B)) with respect to small 
                business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified 
                HUBZone small business concerns, small business concerns 
                owned and controlled by socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns 
                owned and controlled by women.
                    (B) A determination of whether the Federal agency 
                met each of the subcontract goals established pursuant 
                to such section with respect to small business concerns, 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by service-
                disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small business 
                concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
                by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, 
                and small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women.
                    (C) The number of small business concerns, small 
                business concerns owned and controlled by service-
                disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small business 
                concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
                by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, 
                and small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women awarded prime contracts in each North American 
                Industry Classification System code during the fiscal 
                year and a comparison to the number of awarded contracts 
                during the prior fiscal year, if available.
                    (D) The number of small business concerns, small 
                business concerns owned and controlled by service-
                disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small business 
                concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
                by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals, 
                and small business concerns owned and controlled by 
                women awarded subcontracts in each North American 
                Industry Classification System code during the fiscal 
                year and a comparison to the number of awarded 
                subcontracts during the prior fiscal year, if available.
                    (E) Any other factors that the Administrator deems 
                important to achieve the maximum practicable utilization 
                of small business concerns, small business concerns 
                owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans, 
                qualified HUBZone small business concerns, small 
                business concerns owned and controlled by socially and 
                economically disadvantaged individuals, and small 
                business concerns owned and controlled by women.

[[Page 129 STAT. 935]]

            (4) Weighted factors.--In using the scorecard to evaluate 
        and assign a score to a Federal agency, the Administrator shall 
        base--
                    (A) fifty percent of the score on the dollar value 
                of prime contracts described in paragraph (3)(A); and
                    (B) fifty percent of the score on the information 
                provided in subparagraphs (B) through (E) of paragraph 
                (3), weighted in a manner determined by the 
                Administrator to encourage the maximum practicable 
                opportunity for the award of prime contracts and 
                subcontracts to small business concerns, small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled 
                veterans, qualified HUBZone small business concerns, 
                small business concerns owned and controlled by socially 
                and economically disadvantaged individuals, and small 
                business concerns owned and controlled by women.
            (5) Publication.--The scorecard used by the Administrator 
        under this subsection shall be submitted to the President and 
        Congress along with the report submitted under section 15(h)(2) 
        of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(h)(2)).
            (6) Report.--After the Administrator uses the scorecard for 
        fiscal year 2018 to assign scores to Federal agencies, but not 
        later than March 31, 2019, the Administrator shall submit a 
        report to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
        Entrepreneurship of the Senate. Such report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) A description of any increase in the dollar 
                amount of prime contracts and subcontracts awarded to 
                small business concerns, small business concerns owned 
                and controlled by service-disabled veterans, qualified 
                HUBZone small business concerns, small business concerns 
                owned and controlled by socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals, and small business concerns 
                owned and controlled by women.
                    (B) A description of any increase in the dollar 
                amount of prime contracts and subcontracts, and the 
                total number of contracts, awarded to small business 
                concerns, small business concerns owned and controlled 
                by service-disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small 
                business concerns, small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals, and small business concerns owned and 
                controlled by women in each North American Industry 
                Classification System code.
                    (C) The recommendation of the Administrator on 
                continuing, modifying, expanding, or terminating the 
                program established under this subsection.
            (7) GAO report on scorecard methodology.--Not later than 
        September 30, 2018, the Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall submit to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
        Entrepreneurship of the Senate a report that--
                    (A) evaluates whether the methodology used to 
                calculate a score under this subsection accurately and 
                effectively--
                          (i) measures the compliance of each Federal 
                      agency with meeting the goals established pursuant 
                      to section

[[Page 129 STAT. 936]]

                      15(g)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                      644(g)(1)(B)); and
                          (ii) encourages Federal agencies to expand 
                      opportunities for small business concerns, small 
                      business concerns owned and controlled by service-
                      disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone small 
                      business concerns, small business concerns owned 
                      and controlled by socially and economically 
                      disadvantaged individuals, and small business 
                      concerns owned and controlled by women to compete 
                      for and be awarded Federal procurement contracts 
                      across North American Industry Classification 
                      System codes; and
                    (B) if warranted, makes recommendations on how to 
                improve such methodology to improve its accuracy and 
                effectiveness.
            (8) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means 
                the Administrator of the Small Business Administration.
                    (B) Federal agency.--The term ``Federal agency'' has 
                the meaning given the term ``agency'' by section 551(1) 
                of title 5, United States Code, but does not include the 
                United States Postal Service or the Government 
                Accountability Office.
                    (C) Scorecard.--The term ``scorecard'' shall mean 
                any summary using a rating system to evaluate a Federal 
                agency's efforts to meet goals established under section 
                15(g)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                644(g)(1)(B)) that--
                          (i) includes the measures described in 
                      paragraph (3); and
                          (ii) assigns a score to each Federal agency 
                      evaluated.
                    (D) Small business act definitions.--
                          (i) In general.--The terms ``small business 
                      concern'', ``small business concern owned and 
                      controlled by service-disabled veterans'', 
                      ``qualified HUBZone small business concern'', and 
                      ``small business concern owned and controlled by 
                      women'' have the meanings given such terms under 
                      section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                      632).
                          (ii) Small business concerns owned and 
                      controlled by socially and economically 
                      disadvantaged individuals.--The term ``small 
                      business concern owned and controlled by socially 
                      and economically disadvantaged individuals'' has 
                      the meaning given that term under section 
                      8(d)(3)(C) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                      637(d)(3)(C)).
SEC. 869. ESTABLISHMENT OF AN OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS IN 
                        THE SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION; 
                        PETITIONS FOR RECONSIDERATION OF SIZE 
                        STANDARDS.

    (a) Establishment of an Office of Hearings and Appeals in the Small 
Business Administration.--
            (1) In general.--Section 5 of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 634) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(i) Office of Hearings and Appeals.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 937]]

            ``(1) Establishment.--
                    ``(A) Office.--There is established in the 
                Administration an Office of Hearings and Appeals--
                          ``(i) to impartially decide matters relating 
                      to program decisions of the Administrator--
                                    ``(I) for which Congress requires a 
                                hearing on the record; or
                                    ``(II) that the Administrator 
                                designates for hearing by regulation; 
                                and
                          ``(ii) which shall contain the office of the 
                      Administration that handles requests submitted 
                      pursuant to sections 552 of title 5, United States 
                      Code (commonly referred to as the `Freedom of 
                      Information Act') and maintains records pursuant 
                      to section 552a of title 5, United States Code 
                      (commonly referred to as the `Privacy Act of 
                      1974').
                    ``(B) Jurisdiction.--The Office of Hearings and 
                Appeals shall only hear appeals of matters as described 
                in this Act, the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 
                (15 U.S.C. 661 et seq.), and title 13 of the Code of 
                Federal Regulations.
                    ``(C) Associate administrator.--The head of the 
                Office of Hearings and Appeals shall be the Chief 
                Hearing Officer appointed under section 4(b)(1), who 
                shall be responsible to the Administrator.
            ``(2) Chief hearing officer duties.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Chief Hearing Officer shall--
                          ``(i) be a career appointee in the Senior 
                      Executive Service and an attorney licensed by a 
                      State, commonwealth, territory or possession of 
                      the United States, or the District of Columbia; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) be responsible for the operation and 
                      management of the Office of Hearings and Appeals.
                    ``(B) Alternative dispute resolution.--The Chief 
                Hearing Officer may assign a matter for mediation or 
                other means of alternative dispute resolution.
            ``(3) Hearing officers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Office of Hearings and 
                Appeals shall appoint Hearing Officers to carry out the 
                duties described in paragraph (1)(A)(i).
                    ``(B) Conditions of employment.--A Hearing Officer 
                appointed under this paragraph--
                          ``(i) shall serve in the excepted service as 
                      an employee of the Administration under section 
                      2103 of title 5, United States Code, and under the 
                      supervision of the Chief Hearing Officer;
                          ``(ii) shall be classified at a position to 
                      which section 5376 of title 5, United States Code, 
                      applies; and
                          ``(iii) shall be compensated at a rate not 
                      exceeding the maximum rate payable under such 
                      section.
                    ``(C) Authority; powers.--Notwithstanding section 
                556(b) of title 5, United States Code--
                          ``(i) a Hearing Officer may hear cases arising 
                      under section 554 of such title;
                          ``(ii) a Hearing Officer shall have the powers 
                      described in section 556(c) of such title; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 938]]

                          ``(iii) the relevant provisions of subchapter 
                      II of chapter 5 of such title (except for section 
                      556(b) of such title) shall apply to such Hearing 
                      Officer.
                    ``(D) Treatment of current personnel.--An individual 
                serving as a Judge in the Office of Hearings and Appeals 
                (as that position and office are designated in section 
                134.101 of title 13, Code of Federal Regulations) on the 
                effective date of this subsection shall be considered as 
                qualified to be, and redesignated as, a Hearing Officer.
            ``(4) Hearing officer defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `Hearing Officer' means an individual appointed or redesignated 
        under this subsection who is an attorney licensed by a State, 
        commonwealth, territory or possession of the United States, or 
        the District of Columbia.''.
            (2) Associate administrator as chief hearing officer.--
        Section 4(b)(1) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 633(b)) is amended by 
        adding at the end the following: ``One such Associate 
        Administrator shall be the Chief Hearing Officer, who shall 
        administer the Office of Hearings and Appeals established under 
        section 5(i).''.
            (3) Repeal of regulation.--Section 134.102(t) of title 13, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on January 1, 2015 
        (relating to types of hearings within the jurisdiction of the 
        Office of Hearings and Appeals), shall have no force or effect.

    (b) Petitions for Reconsideration of Size Standards for Small 
Business Concerns.--Section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
632(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) Petitions for reconsideration of size standards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A person may file a petition for 
                reconsideration with the Office of Hearings and Appeals 
                (as established under section 5(i)) of a size standard 
                revised, modified, or established by the Administrator 
                pursuant to this subsection.
                    ``(B) Time limit.--A person filing a petition for 
                reconsideration described in subparagraph (A) shall file 
                such petition not later than 30 days after the 
                publication in the Federal Register of the notice of 
                final rule to revise, modify, or establish size 
                standards described in paragraph (6).
                    ``(C) Process for agency review.--The Office of 
                Hearings and Appeals shall use the same process it uses 
                to decide challenges to the size of a small business 
                concern to decide a petition for review pursuant to this 
                paragraph.
                    ``(D) Judicial review.--The publication of a final 
                rule in the Federal Register described in subparagraph 
                (B) shall be considered final agency action for purposes 
                of seeking judicial review. Filing a petition for 
                reconsideration under subparagraph (A) shall not be a 
                condition precedent to judicial review of any such size 
                standard.''.
SEC. 870. ADDITIONAL DUTIES OF THE DIRECTOR OF SMALL AND 
                        DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS UTILIZATION.

    Section 15(k) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(k)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (15), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;

[[Page 129 STAT. 939]]

            (2) in paragraph (16)(C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (16) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(17) shall, when notified by a small business concern 
        prior to the award of a contract that the small business concern 
        believes that a solicitation, request for proposal, or request 
        for quotation unduly restricts the ability of the small business 
        concern to compete for the award--
                    ``(A) submit the notice of the small business 
                concern to the contracting officer and, if necessary, 
                recommend ways in which the solicitation, request for 
                proposal, or request for quotation may be altered to 
                increase the opportunity for competition;
                    ``(B) inform the advocate for competition of such 
                agency (as established under section 1705 of title 41, 
                United States Code, or section 2318 of title 10, United 
                States Code) of such notice; and
                    ``(C) ensure that the small business concern is 
                aware of other resources and processes available to 
                address unduly restrictive provisions in a solicitation, 
                request for proposal, or request for quotation, even if 
                such resources and processes are provided by such 
                agency, the Administration, the Comptroller General, or 
                a procurement technical assistance program established 
                under chapter 142 of title 10, United States Code.''.
SEC. 871. INCLUDING SUBCONTRACTING GOALS IN AGENCY 
                        RESPONSIBILITIES.

    Section 1633(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2076; 15 U.S.C. 631 note) is 
amended by striking ``assume responsibility for of the agency's success 
in achieving small business contracting goals and percentages'' and 
inserting ``assume responsibility for the agency's success in achieving 
each of the small business prime contracting and subcontracting goals 
and percentages''.
SEC. 872. REPORTING RELATED TO FAILURE OF CONTRACTORS TO MEET 
                        GOALS UNDER NEGOTIATED COMPREHENSIVE SMALL 
                        BUSINESS SUBCONTRACTING PLANS.

    Paragraph (2) of section 834(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (15 U.S.C. 637 note), 
as added by section 821(d)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3434), is amended by striking ``may not 
negotiate'' and all that follows through the period at the end and 
inserting ``shall report to Congress on any negotiated comprehensive 
subcontracting plan that the Secretary determines did not meet the 
subcontracting goals negotiated in the plan for the prior fiscal 
year.''.
SEC. 873. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2306a note.>> PILOT PROGRAM FOR 
                        STREAMLINING AWARDS FOR INNOVATIVE 
                        TECHNOLOGY PROJECTS.

    (a) Exception From Certified Cost and Pricing Data Requirements.--
The requirements under section 2306a(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
shall not apply to a contract, subcontract, or modification of a 
contract or subcontract valued at less than

[[Page 129 STAT. 940]]

$7,500,000 awarded to a small business or nontraditional defense 
contractor pursuant to--
            (1) a technical, merit-based selection procedure, such as a 
        broad agency announcement, or
            (2) the Small Business Innovation Research Program,

unless the head of the agency determines that submission of cost and 
pricing data should be required based on past performance of the 
specific small business or nontraditional defense contractor, or based 
on analysis of other information specific to the award.
    (b) Exception From Records Examination Requirement.--The 
requirements under subsection (b) of section 2313 of title 10, United 
States Code, shall not apply to a contract valued at less than 
$7,500,000 awarded to a small business or nontraditional defense 
contractor pursuant to--
            (1) a technical, merit-based selection procedure, such as a 
        broad agency announcement, or
            (2) the Small Business Innovation Research Program,

unless the head of the agency determines that auditing of records should 
be required based on past performance of the specific small business or 
nontraditional defense contractor, or based on analysis of other 
information specific to the award.
    (c) Sunset.--The exceptions under subsections (a) and (b) shall 
terminate on October 1, 2020.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Small business.--The term ``small business'' has the 
        meaning given the term ``small business concern'' under section 
        3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
            (2) Nontraditional defense contractor.--The term 
        ``nontraditional defense contractor'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 2302(9) of title 10, United States Code.

    (e) Small Business Innovation Research Program Administrative Fee 
Extension.--Section 9(mm)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
638(mm)(1)) is amended by striking ``, for the 3 fiscal years beginning 
after the date of enactment of this subsection,'' and inserting ``and 
until September 30, 2017,''.
SEC. 874. SURETY BOND REQUIREMENTS AND AMOUNT OF GUARANTEE.

    (a) Surety Bond Requirements.--Chapter 93 of subtitle VI of title 
31, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 9310. <<NOTE: 31 USC 9310.>> Individual sureties

    ``If another applicable Federal law or regulation permits the 
acceptance of a bond from a surety that is not subject to sections 9305 
and 9306 and is based on a pledge of assets by the surety, the assets 
pledged by such surety shall--
            ``(1) consist of eligible obligations described under 
        section 9303(a); and
            ``(2) be submitted to the official of the Government 
        required to approve or accept the bond, who shall deposit the 
        obligations as described under section 9303(b).''; and
            (2) in the table of contents for such chapter, <<NOTE: 31 
        USC 9301 prec.>> by adding at the end the following:

``9310. Individual sureties.''.


[[Page 129 STAT. 941]]



    (b) Amount of Surety Bond Guarantee From Small Business 
Administration.--Section 411(c)(1) of the Small Business Investment Act 
of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 694b(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``70'' and 
inserting ``90''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 15 USC 694b note.>> Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall take effect 1 year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
SEC. 875. REVIEW OF GOVERNMENT ACCESS TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 
                        RIGHTS OF PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS.

    (a) Review Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter 
        into a contract with an independent entity with appropriate 
        expertise to conduct a review of--
                    (A) Department of Defense regulations, practices, 
                and sustainment requirements related to Government 
                access to and use of intellectual property rights of 
                private sector firms; and
                    (B) Department of Defense practices related to the 
                procurement, management, and use of intellectual 
                property rights to facilitate competition in sustainment 
                of weapon systems throughout their life-cycle.
            (2) Consultation required.--The contract shall require that 
        in conducting the review, the independent entity shall consult 
        with the National Defense Technology and Industrial Base Council 
        (described in section 2502 of title 10, United States Code) and 
        each Center of Industrial and Technical Excellence (described in 
        section 2474 of title 10, United States Code).

    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the findings 
of the independent entity, along with a description of any actions that 
the Secretary proposes to revise and clarify laws or that the Secretary 
may take to revise or clarify regulations related to intellectual 
property rights.
SEC. 876. INCLUSION IN ANNUAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL CAPABILITY 
                        ASSESSMENTS OF A DETERMINATION ABOUT 
                        DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2505(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (5) and (6), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraphs (3) and (4):
            ``(3) determine the extent to which the requirements 
        associated with defense acquisition programs can be satisfied by 
        the present and projected performance capacities of industries 
        supporting the sectors or capabilities in the assessment, 
        evaluate the reasons for any variance from applicable preceding 
        determinations, and identify the extent to which those 
        industries are comprised of only one potential source in the 
        national technology and industrial base or have multiple 
        potential sources;
            ``(4) determine the extent to which the requirements 
        associated with defense acquisition programs can be satisfied by 
        the present and projected performance capacities of industries 
        that do not actively support Department of Defense acquisition

[[Page 129 STAT. 942]]

        programs and identify the barriers to the participation of those 
        industries;''.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 881. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>> CONSIDERATION OF POTENTIAL 
                        PROGRAM COST INCREASES AND SCHEDULE DELAYS 
                        RESULTING FROM OVERSIGHT OF DEFENSE 
                        ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Avoidance of Unnecessary Cost Increases and Schedule Delays.--
The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the Deputy Chief 
Management Officer, the Director of the Defense Contract Management 
Agency, the Director of the Defense Contract Audit Agency, the Inspector 
General of the Department of Defense, and the heads of other defense 
audit, testing, acquisition, and management agencies shall ensure that 
policies, procedures, and activities implemented by their offices and 
agencies in connection with defense acquisition program oversight do not 
result in unnecessary increases in program costs or cost estimates or 
delays in schedule or schedule estimates.
    (b) Consideration of Private Sector Best Practices.--In considering 
potential cost increases and schedule delays as a result of oversight 
efforts pursuant to subsection (a), the officials described in such 
subsection shall consider private sector best practices with respect to 
oversight implementation.
SEC. 882. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2330 note.>> EXAMINATION AND GUIDANCE 
                        RELATING TO OVERSIGHT AND APPROVAL OF 
                        SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    Not later than March 1, 2016, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall--
            (1) complete an examination of the decision authority 
        related to acquisition of services; and
            (2) develop and issue guidance to improve capabilities and 
        processes related to requirements development and source 
        selection for, and oversight and management of, services 
        contracts.
SEC. 883. STREAMLINING OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO DEFENSE 
                        BUSINESS SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Revision.--Section 2222 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2222. Defense business systems: business process 
                  reengineering; enterprise architecture; 
                  management

    ``(a) Defense Business Processes Generally.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that defense business processes are reviewed, and 
as appropriate revised, through business process reengineering to match 
best commercial practices, to the maximum extent practicable, so as to 
minimize customization of commercial business systems.
    ``(b) Defense Business Systems Generally.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure that each covered defense business system developed, 
deployed, and operated by the Department of Defense--
            ``(1) supports efficient business processes that have been 
        reviewed, and as appropriate revised, through business process 
        reengineering;
            ``(2) is integrated into a comprehensive defense business 
        enterprise architecture;

[[Page 129 STAT. 943]]

            ``(3) is managed in a manner that provides visibility into, 
        and traceability of, expenditures for the system; and
            ``(4) uses an acquisition and sustainment strategy that 
        prioritizes the use of commercial software and business 
        practices.

    ``(c) Issuance of Guidance.--
            ``(1) Secretary of defense guidance.--The Secretary shall 
        issue guidance to provide for the coordination of, and decision 
        making for, the planning, programming, and control of 
        investments in covered defense business systems.
            ``(2) Supporting guidance.--The Secretary shall direct the 
        Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
        Logistics, the Chief Information Officer, and the Chief 
        Management Officer of each of the military departments to issue 
        and maintain supporting guidance, as appropriate and within 
        their respective areas of responsibility, for the guidance of 
        the Secretary issued under paragraph (1).

    ``(d) Guidance Elements.--The guidance issued under subsection 
(c)(1) shall include the following elements:
            ``(1) Policy to ensure that the business processes of the 
        Department of Defense are continuously reviewed and revised--
                    ``(A) to implement the most streamlined and 
                efficient business processes practicable; and
                    ``(B) eliminate or reduce the need to tailor 
                commercial off-the-shelf systems to meet or incorporate 
                requirements or interfaces that are unique to the 
                Department of Defense.
            ``(2) A process to establish requirements for covered 
        defense business systems.
            ``(3) Mechanisms for the planning and control of investments 
        in covered defense business systems, including a process for the 
        collection and review of programming and budgeting information 
        for covered defense business systems.
            ``(4) Policy requiring the periodic review of covered 
        defense business systems that have been fully deployed, by 
        portfolio, to ensure that investments in such portfolios are 
        appropriate.
            ``(5) Policy to ensure full consideration of sustainability 
        and technological refreshment requirements, and the appropriate 
        use of open architectures.
            ``(6) Policy to ensure that best acquisition and systems 
        engineering practices are used in the procurement and deployment 
        of commercial systems, modified commercial systems, and defense-
        unique systems to meet Department of Defense missions.

    ``(e) Defense Business Enterprise Architecture.--
            ``(1) Blueprint.--The Secretary, working through the Deputy 
        Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, shall 
        develop and maintain a blueprint to guide the development of 
        integrated business processes within the Department of Defense. 
        Such blueprint shall be known as the `defense business 
        enterprise architecture'.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The defense business enterprise architecture 
        shall be sufficiently defined to effectively guide 
        implementation of interoperable defense business system 
        solutions and shall be consistent with the policies and 
        procedures established by the Director of the Office of 
        Management and Budget.

[[Page 129 STAT. 944]]

            ``(3) Elements.--The defense business enterprise 
        architecture shall--
                    ``(A) include policies, procedures, business data 
                standards, business performance measures, and business 
                information requirements that apply uniformly throughout 
                the Department of Defense; and
                    ``(B) enable the Department of Defense to--
                          ``(i) comply with all applicable law, 
                      including Federal accounting, financial 
                      management, and reporting requirements;
                          ``(ii) routinely produce verifiable, timely, 
                      accurate, and reliable business and financial 
                      information for management purposes;
                          ``(iii) integrate budget, accounting, and 
                      program information and systems; and
                          ``(iv) identify whether each existing business 
                      system is a part of the business systems 
                      environment outlined by the defense business 
                      enterprise architecture, will become a part of 
                      that environment with appropriate modifications, 
                      or is not a part of that environment.
            ``(4) Integration into information technology 
        architecture.--(A) The defense business enterprise architecture 
        shall be integrated into the information technology enterprise 
        architecture required under subparagraph (B).
            ``(B) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
        Defense shall develop an information technology enterprise 
        architecture. The architecture shall describe a plan for 
        improving the information technology and computing 
        infrastructure of the Department of Defense, including for each 
        of the major business processes conducted by the Department of 
        Defense.

    ``(f) Defense Business Council.--
            ``(1) Requirement for council.--The Secretary shall 
        establish a Defense Business Council to provide advice to the 
        Secretary on developing the defense business enterprise 
        architecture, reengineering the Department's business processes, 
        developing and deploying defense business systems, and 
        developing requirements for defense business systems. The 
        Council shall be chaired by the Deputy Chief Management Officer 
        and the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Membership.--The membership of the Council shall 
        include the following:
                    ``(A) The Chief Management Officers of the military 
                departments, or their designees.
                    ``(B) The following officials of the Department of 
                Defense, or their designees:
                          ``(i) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                      Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics with 
                      respect to acquisition, logistics, and 
                      installations management processes.
                          ``(ii) The Under Secretary of Defense 
                      (Comptroller) with respect to financial management 
                      and planning and budgeting processes.
                          ``(iii) The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                      Personnel and Readiness with respect to human 
                      resources management processes.

[[Page 129 STAT. 945]]

    ``(g) Approvals Required for Development.--
            ``(1) Initial approval required.--The Secretary shall ensure 
        that a covered defense business system program cannot proceed 
        into development (or, if no development is required, into 
        production or fielding) unless the appropriate approval official 
        (as specified in paragraph (2)) determines that--
                    ``(A) the system has been, or is being, reengineered 
                to be as streamlined and efficient as practicable, and 
                the implementation of the system will maximize the 
                elimination of unique software requirements and unique 
                interfaces;
                    ``(B) the system and business system portfolio are 
                or will be in compliance with the defense business 
                enterprise architecture developed pursuant to subsection 
                (e) or will be in compliance as a result of 
                modifications planned;
                    ``(C) the system has valid, achievable requirements 
                and a viable plan for implementing those requirements 
                (including, as appropriate, market research, business 
                process reengineering, and prototyping activities);
                    ``(D) the system has an acquisition strategy 
                designed to eliminate or reduce the need to tailor 
                commercial off-the-shelf systems to meet unique 
                requirements, incorporate unique requirements, or 
                incorporate unique interfaces to the maximum extent 
                practicable; and
                    ``(E) is in compliance with the Department's 
                auditability requirements.
            ``(2) Appropriate official.--For purposes of paragraph (1), 
        the appropriate approval official with respect to a covered 
        defense business system is the following:
                    ``(A) Except as may be provided in subparagraph (C), 
                in the case of a priority defense business system, the 
                Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
                Defense.
                    ``(B) Except as may be provided in subparagraph (C), 
                for any defense business system other than a priority 
                defense business system--
                          ``(i) in the case of a system of a military 
                      department, the Chief Management Officer of that 
                      military department; and
                          ``(ii) in the case of a system of a Defense 
                      Agency or Department of Defense Field Activity, or 
                      a system that will support the business process of 
                      more than one military department or Defense 
                      Agency or Department of Defense Field Activity, 
                      the Deputy Chief Management Officer of the 
                      Department of Defense.
                    ``(C) In the case of any defense business system, 
                such official other than the applicable official under 
                subparagraph (A) or (B) as the Secretary designates for 
                such purpose.
            ``(3) Annual certification.--For any fiscal year in which 
        funds are expended for development or sustainment pursuant to a 
        covered defense business system program, the appropriate 
        approval official shall review the system and certify, certify 
        with conditions, or decline to certify, as the case may be, that 
        it continues to satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1). If 
        the approval official determines that certification cannot be 
        granted, the approval official shall notify the milestone

[[Page 129 STAT. 946]]

        decision authority for the program and provide a recommendation 
        for corrective action.
            ``(4) Obligation of funds in violation of requirements.--The 
        obligation of Department of Defense funds for a covered defense 
        business system program that has not been certified in 
        accordance with paragraph (3) is a violation of section 
        1341(a)(1)(A) of title 31.

    ``(h) Responsibility of Milestone Decision Authority.--The milestone 
decision authority for a covered defense business system program shall 
be responsible for the acquisition of such system and shall ensure that 
acquisition process approvals are not considered for such system until 
the relevant certifications and approvals have been made under this 
section.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1)(A) Defense business system.--The term `defense 
        business system' means an information system that is operated 
        by, for, or on behalf of the Department of Defense, including 
        any of the following:
                    ``(i) A financial system.
                    ``(ii) A financial data feeder system.
                    ``(iii) A contracting system.
                    ``(iv) A logistics system.
                    ``(v) A planning and budgeting system.
                    ``(vi) An installations management system.
                    ``(vii) A human resources management system.
                    ``(viii) A training and readiness system.
            ``(B) The term does not include--
                    ``(i) a national security system; or
                    ``(ii) an information system used exclusively by and 
                within the defense commissary system or the exchange 
                system or other instrumentality of the Department of 
                Defense conducted for the morale, welfare, and 
                recreation of members of the armed forces using 
                nonappropriated funds.
            ``(2) Covered defense business system.--The term `covered 
        defense business system' means a defense business system that is 
        expected to have a total amount of budget authority, over the 
        period of the current future-years defense program submitted to 
        Congress under section 221 of this title, in excess of 
        $50,000,000.
            ``(3) Business system portfolio.--The term `business system 
        portfolio' means all business systems performing functions 
        closely related to the functions performed or to be performed by 
        a covered defense business system.
            ``(4) Covered defense business system program.--The term 
        `covered defense business system program' means a defense 
        acquisition program to develop and field a covered defense 
        business system or an increment of a covered defense business 
        system.
            ``(5) Priority defense business system program.--The term 
        `priority defense business system' means a defense business 
        system that is--
                    ``(A) expected to have a total amount of budget 
                authority over the period of the current future-years 
                defense program submitted to Congress under section 221 
                of this title in excess of $250,000,000; or

[[Page 129 STAT. 947]]

                    ``(B) designated by the Deputy Chief Management 
                Officer of the Department of Defense as a priority 
                defense business system, based on specific program 
                analyses of factors including complexity, scope, and 
                technical risk, and after notification to Congress of 
                such designation.
            ``(6) Enterprise architecture.--The term `enterprise 
        architecture' has the meaning given that term in section 3601(4) 
        of title 44.
            ``(7) Information system.--The term `information system' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 11101 of title 40, United 
        States Code.
            ``(8) National security system.--The term `national security 
        system' has the meaning given that term in section 3552(b)(6)(A) 
        of title 44.
            ``(9) Business process mapping.--The term `business process 
        mapping' means a procedure in which the steps in a business 
        process are clarified and documented in both written form and in 
        a flow chart.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 2201 prec.>> amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 2222 and inserting the 
        following new item:

``2222. Defense business systems: business process reengineering; 
           enterprise architecture; management.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2222 note.>> Deadline for Guidance.--The guidance 
required by subsection (c)(1) of section 2222 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by subsection (a)(1), shall be issued not later than 
December 31, 2016.

    (c) Repeal.--Section 811 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 
2222 note) is repealed.
    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2222 note.>> Comptroller General Assessment.--
            (1) Assessment required.--In each odd-numbered year, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees an assessment of the extent to 
        which the actions taken by the Department of Defense comply with 
        the requirements of section 2222 of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (2) Repeal of superseded provision.--Subsection (d) of 
        section 332 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 
        Stat. 1856) is repealed.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2223a note.>> Guidance on Acquisition of Business 
Systems.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance for major 
automated information systems acquisition programs to promote the use of 
best acquisition, contracting, requirement development, systems 
engineering, program management, and sustainment practices, including--
            (1) ensuring that an acquisition program baseline has been 
        established within two years after program initiation;
            (2) ensuring that program requirements have not changed in a 
        manner that increases acquisition costs or delays the schedule, 
        without sufficient cause and only after maximum efforts to 
        reengineer business processes prior to changing requirements;
            (3) policies to evaluate commercial off-the-shelf business 
        systems for security, resilience, reliability, interoperability, 
        and

[[Page 129 STAT. 948]]

        integration with existing interrelated systems where such system 
        integration and interoperability are essential to Department of 
        Defense operations;
            (4) policies to work with commercial off-the-shelf business 
        system developers and owners in adapting systems for Department 
        of Defense use;
            (5) policies to perform Department of Defense legacy system 
        audits to determine which systems are related to or rely upon 
        the system to be replaced or integrated with commercial off-the-
        shelf business systems;
            (6) policies to perform full backup of systems that will be 
        changed or replaced by the installation of commercial off-the-
        shelf business systems prior to installation and deployment to 
        ensure reconstitution of the system to a functioning state 
        should it become necessary;
            (7) policies to engage the research and development 
        activities and laboratories of the Department of Defense to 
        improve acquisition outcomes; and
            (8) policies to refine and improve developmental and 
        operational testing of business processes that are supported by 
        the major automated information systems.
SEC. 884. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>> PROCUREMENT OF PERSONAL 
                        PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Secretaries of the 
Army, Navy, and Air Force, in procuring an item of personal protective 
equipment or a critical safety item, use source selection criteria that 
is predominately based on technical qualifications of the item and not 
predominately based on price to the maximum extent practicable if the 
level of quality or failure of the item could result in death or severe 
bodily harm to the user, as determined by the Secretaries.
SEC. 885. AMENDMENTS CONCERNING DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE OF 
                        COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONIC PARTS.

    (a) Amendments Related to Contractor Responsibilities.--Section 
818(c)(2)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by inserting ``electronic'' after ``avoid 
        counterfeit'';
            (2) in clause (ii)--
                    (A) by inserting ``covered'' after ``provided to 
                the''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or were obtained by the covered 
                contractor in accordance with regulations described in 
                paragraph (3)'' after ``Regulation''; and
            (3) in clause (iii), by inserting ``discovers the 
        counterfeit electronic parts or suspect counterfeit electronic 
        parts and'' after ``contractor''.

    (b) Amendments Related to Trusted Suppliers.--Section 
818(c)(3)(D)(iii) of such Act (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) 
is amended by striking ``review and audit'' and inserting ``review, 
audit, and approval''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 949]]

SEC. 886. EXCEPTION FOR ABILITYONE PRODUCTS FROM AUTHORITY TO 
                        ACQUIRE GOODS AND SERVICES MANUFACTURED IN 
                        AFGHANISTAN, CENTRAL ASIAN STATES, AND 
                        DJIBOUTI.

    (a) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in Afghanistan.--
Section 886 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2008 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and except as provided 
        in subsection (d),'' after ``subsection (b),''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(d) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement Catalog.--The 
authority under subsection (a) shall not be available for the 
procurement of any good that is contained in the procurement catalog 
described in section 8503(a) of title 41, United States Code, in 
Afghanistan if such good can be produced and delivered by a qualified 
nonprofit agency for the blind or a nonprofit agency for other severely 
disabled in a timely fashion to support mission requirements.''.
    (b) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in Central Asian 
States.--Section 801 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2399) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and except as provided 
        in subsection (h),'' after ``subsection (b),''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(h) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement Catalog.--The 
authority under subsection (a) shall not be available for the 
procurement of any good that is contained in the procurement catalog 
described in section 8503(a) of title 41, United States Code, if such 
good can be produced and delivered by a qualified nonprofit agency for 
the blind or a nonprofit agency for other severely disabled in a timely 
fashion to support mission requirements.''.
    (c) Exclusion of Certain Items Not Manufactured in Djibouti.--
Section 1263 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
291) <<NOTE: 128 Stat. 3581.>> is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by inserting ``and except as provided 
        in subsection (g),'' after ``subsection (c),''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(g) Exclusion of Items on the AbilityOne Procurement Catalog.--The 
authority under subsection (b) shall not be available for the 
procurement of any good that is contained in the procurement catalog 
described in section 8503(a) of title 41, United States Code, if such 
good can be produced and delivered by a qualified nonprofit agency for 
the blind or a nonprofit agency for other severely disabled in a timely 
fashion to support mission requirements.''.
SEC. 887. <<NOTE: 41 USC 1703 note.>> EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION 
                        BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council shall prescribe a regulation 
making clear that agency acquisition personnel are permitted and 
encouraged to engage in responsible and constructive exchanges with 
industry, so long as those exchanges are consistent with existing law 
and regulation and do not promote an unfair competitive advantage to 
particular firms.

[[Page 129 STAT. 950]]

SEC. 888. STANDARDS FOR PROCUREMENT OF SECURE INFORMATION 
                        TECHNOLOGY AND CYBER SECURITY SYSTEMS.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the application of the Open Trusted Technology Provider 
Standard or similar public, open technology standards to Department of 
Defense procurements for information technology and cyber security 
acquisitions and provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment and briefing required by subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) Assessment of the current Open Trusted Technology 
        Provider Standard to determine what aspects might be adopted by 
        the Department of Defense and where additional development of 
        the standard may be required.
            (2) Identification of the types or classes of programs where 
        the standard might be applied most effectively, as well as 
        identification of types or classes of programs that should 
        specifically be excluded from consideration.
            (3) Assessment of the impact on current acquisition 
        regulations or policies of the adoption of the standard.
            (4) Recommendations the Secretary may have related to the 
        adoption of the standard or improvement in the standard to 
        support Department acquisitions.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary may deem appropriate.
SEC. 889. UNIFIED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES.

    (a) Business Case Analysis.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Chief Management Officer, the 
Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, and the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall 
jointly complete a business case analysis to determine the most 
effective and efficient way to procure and deploy common information 
technology services.
    (b) Elements.--The business case analysis required by subsection (a) 
shall include an assessment of whether the Department of Defense 
should--
            (1) either--
                    (A) acquire a unified set of commercially provided 
                common or enterprise information technology services, 
                including such services as messaging, collaboration, 
                directory, security, and content delivery; or
                    (B) allow the military departments and other 
                components of the Department to acquire such services 
                separately;
            (2) either--
                    (A) acquire such services from a single provider 
                that bundles all of the services; or
                    (B) require that each common service be 
                independently defined and use open standards to enable 
                continuous adoption of best commercial technology; and
            (3) enable availability of multiple versions of each type of 
        service and application to enable choice and competition while 
        supporting interoperability where necessary.

[[Page 129 STAT. 951]]

SEC. 890. CLOUD STRATEGY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Cloud Strategy for Secret Internet Protocol Router Network.--
            (1) In general.--The Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department of Defense shall, in consultation with the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, the Vice 
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the chief information 
        officers of the military departments, develop a cloud strategy 
        for the Secret Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNet) of the 
        Department.
            (2) Matters addressed.--This strategy required by paragraph 
        (1) shall address the following:
                    (A) Security requirements.
                    (B) The compatibility of applications currently 
                utilized within the Secret Internet Protocol Router 
                Network with a cloud computing environment.
                    (C) How a Secret Internet Protocol Router Network 
                cloud capability should be competitively acquired.
                    (D) How a Secret Internet Protocol Router Network 
                cloud system for the Department would achieve 
                interoperability with the cloud systems of the 
                intelligence community (as defined in section 3 of the 
                National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003)) 
                operating at the security level Sensitive Compartmented 
                Information.

    (b) Pricing Policy and Cost Recovery Process for Certain Cloud 
Services.--The Chief Information Officer shall, in consultation with the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, develop a consistent 
pricing policy and cost recovery process for the use by Department of 
Defense components of the cloud services provided through the 
Intelligence Community Information Technology Environment.
    (c) Assessment of Feasibility and Advisability of Imposing Minimum 
Standards.--The Chief Information Officer shall assess the feasibility 
and advisability of imposing a minimum set of open standards for cloud 
infrastructure, middle-ware, metadata, and application programming 
interfaces to promote interoperability, information sharing, ease of 
access to data, and competition across all of the cloud computing 
systems and services utilized by components of the Department of 
Defense.
SEC. 891. DEVELOPMENT PERIOD FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INFORMATION 
                        TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS.

    (a) Flexible Limitation on Development Period.--Section 2445b of 
title 10, United States Code is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(d) Time-certain Development.--If an adjustment or revision under 
subsection (c) for a major automated information system that is not a 
national security system provides for a period in excess of five years 
from the time of program initiation to the time of a full deployment 
decision, the documents submitted under subsection (a) shall include a 
written determination by the senior Department of Defense official 
responsible for the program justifying the need for the longer 
period.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 952]]

    (b) Repeal of Inconsistent Requirement.--Section 2445c(c)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking the semicolon at the 
        end and inserting ``; or'';
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; or'' and inserting 
        a period; and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (D).
SEC. 892. REVISIONS TO PILOT PROGRAM ON ACQUISITION OF MILITARY 
                        PURPOSE NONDEVELOPMENTAL ITEMS.

    Section 866 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``with nontraditional 
        defense contractors''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``awarded using 
                competitive procedures in accordance with chapter 137 of 
                title 10, United States Code''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$50,000,000'' 
                and inserting ``$100,000,000''.
SEC. 893. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2313 note.>> IMPROVED AUDITING OF 
                        CONTRACTS.

    (a) Prohibition on Performance of Non-defense Audits by DCAA.--
            (1) In general.--Effective on the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, the Defense Contract Audit Agency may not provide 
        audit support for non-Defense Agencies unless the Secretary of 
        Defense certifies that the backlog for incurred cost audits is 
        less than 18 months of incurred cost inventory.
            (2) Adjustment in funding for reimbursements from non-
        defense agencies.--The amount appropriated and otherwise 
        available to the Defense Contract Audit Agency for a fiscal year 
        beginning after September 30, 2016, shall be reduced by an 
        amount equivalent to any reimbursements received by the Agency 
        from non-Defense Agencies for audit support provided.

    (b) Amendments to Defense Contract Audit Agency Annual Report.--
Section 2313a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by amending subparagraph (D) to read 
        as follows:
                    ``(D) the total costs of sustained or recovered 
                costs both as a total number and as a percentage of 
                questioned costs; and'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) a description of outreach actions toward industry to 
        promote more effective use of audit resources; and''.

    (c) Review of Acquisition Oversight and Audits.--
            (1) Review required.--The Secretary of Defense shall review 
        the oversight and audit structure of the Department of Defense 
        with the goals of--

[[Page 129 STAT. 953]]

                    (A) enhancing the productivity of oversight and 
                program and contract auditing to avoid duplicative 
                audits; and
                    (B) streamlining of oversight reviews.
            (2) Recommendations.--The Secretary shall ensure streamlined 
        oversight reviews and avoidance of duplicative audits and make 
        recommendations in the report required under paragraph (3) for 
        any necessary changes in law.
            (3) Report.--
                    (A) Not later than one year after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
                on actions taken to avoid duplicative audits and 
                streamline oversight reviews.
                    (B) The report required under this paragraph shall 
                include the following elements:
                          (i) A description of actions taken to avoid 
                      duplicative audits and streamline oversight 
                      reviews based on the review conducted under 
                      paragraph (1).
                          (ii) A comparison of commercial industry 
                      accounting practices, including requirements under 
                      the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-
                      204; 15 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), with the cost 
                      accounting standards prescribed under chapter 15 
                      of title 41, United States Code, to determine if 
                      some portions of cost accounting standards 
                      compliance can be met through such practices or 
                      requirements.
                          (iii) A description of standards of 
                      materiality used by the Defense Contract Audit 
                      Agency and the Inspector General of the Department 
                      of Defense for defense contract audits.
                          (iv) An estimate of average delay and range of 
                      delays in contract awards due to the time 
                      necessary for the Defense Contract Audit Agency to 
                      complete pre-award audits.
                          (v) The total costs of sustained or recovered 
                      costs both as a total number and as a percentage 
                      of questioned costs.

    (d) Incurred Cost Inventory Defined.--In this section, the term 
``incurred cost inventory'' means the level of contractor incurred cost 
proposals in inventory from prior fiscal years that are currently being 
audited by the Defense Contract Audit Agency.
SEC. 894. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON EVALUATION METHOD FOR PROCUREMENT 
                        OF AUDIT OR AUDIT READINESS SERVICES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Given the size, scope, and complexity of the Department 
        of Defense, the statutory deadline to establish and maintain 
        auditable financial statements, starting with the fiscal year 
        2018 financial statement, is one of the more challenging 
        management tasks that has ever faced the Department.
            (2) As the military services have never received a clean 
        opinion on their consolidated financial statements and only 
        recently begun auditing portions of their financial statements, 
        the audits of military service financial statements will also

[[Page 129 STAT. 954]]

        be a complex challenge for companies selected to provide audit 
        services.
            (3) The acquisition of services by the Department abides by 
        many rules and parameters, one of which is the lowest price, 
        technically acceptable (LPTA) evaluation method. LPTA is 
        generally appropriate for commercial or noncomplex services or 
        supplies where the requirement is clearly definable and the risk 
        of unsuccessful contract performance is minimal.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, before 
using the lowest price, technically acceptable evaluation method for the 
procurement of audit or audit readiness services, the Secretary of 
Defense should establish the values and metrics for evaluating companies 
offering audit services, including financial management and audit 
expertise and experience, personnel qualifications and certifications, 
past performance, technology, tools, and size.
SEC. 895. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2304 note.>> MITIGATING POTENTIAL UNFAIR 
                        COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE OF TECHNICAL 
                        ADVISORS TO ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics shall review, and as necessary revise or issue, policy 
guidance pertaining to the identification, mitigation, and prevention of 
potential unfair competitive advantage conferred to technical advisors 
to acquisition programs.
SEC. 896. SURVEY ON THE COSTS OF REGULATORY COMPLIANCE.

    (a) Survey.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a survey of 
contractors with the highest level of reimbursements for cost type 
contracts with the Department of Defense during fiscal year 2014 to 
estimate industry's cost of regulatory compliance (as a percentage of 
total costs) with Government-unique acquisition regulations and 
requirements in the categories of quality assurance, accounting and 
financial management, contracting and purchasing, program management, 
engineering, logistics, material management, property administration, 
and other unique requirements not imposed on contracts for commercial 
items.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the findings of the survey conducted 
under subsection (a). The data received as a result of the survey and 
included in the report shall be aggregated to protect against the public 
release of proprietary information.
SEC. 897. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2500 note.>> TREATMENT OF INTERAGENCY AND 
                        STATE AND LOCAL PURCHASES WHEN THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACTS AS CONTRACT 
                        INTERMEDIARY FOR THE GENERAL SERVICES 
                        ADMINISTRATION.

    Contracts executed by the Department of Defense as a result of the 
transfer of contracts from the General Services Administration or for 
which the Department serves as an item manager for products on behalf of 
the General Services Administration shall not be subject to requirements 
under chapter 148 of title 10, United States Code, to the extent such 
contracts are for purchases of products by other Federal agencies or 
State or local governments.

[[Page 129 STAT. 955]]

SEC. 898. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2304 note.>> COMPETITION FOR RELIGIOUS 
                        SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    The Department of Defense may not preclude a non-profit organization 
from competing for a contract for religious related services on a United 
States military installation.
SEC. 899. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2306a note.>> PILOT PROGRAM REGARDING 
                        RISK-BASED CONTRACTING FOR SMALLER 
                        CONTRACT ACTIONS UNDER THE TRUTH IN 
                        NEGOTIATIONS ACT.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may conduct 
a pilot program to demonstrate the efficacy of using risk-based 
techniques in requiring submission of data on a sampling basis for 
purposes of section 2306a of title 10, United States Code (popularly 
known as the ``Truth in Negotiations Act'').
    (b) Increase in Thresholds.--For purposes of a pilot program under 
subsection (a), $5,000,000 shall be the threshold applicable to 
requirements under paragraph (1) of section 2306a(a) of such title, as 
follows:
            (1) The requirement under subparagraph (A) of such paragraph 
        to submit cost or pricing data for a prime contract entered into 
        during the pilot program period.
            (2) The requirement under subparagraph (B) of such paragraph 
        to submit cost or pricing data for the change or modification to 
        a prime contract made during the pilot program period.
            (3) The requirement under subparagraph (C) of such paragraph 
        to submit cost or pricing data for a subcontract entered into 
        during the pilot program period.
            (4) The requirement under subparagraph (D) of such paragraph 
        to submit cost or pricing data for the change or modification to 
        a subcontract made during the pilot program period.

    (c) Risk-based Contracting.--
            (1) Authority to require submission of cost or pricing data 
        on below-threshold contracts.--Subject to paragraph (4), when 
        certified cost or pricing data are not required to be submitted 
        pursuant to subsection (b) for a contract or subcontract entered 
        into or modified during the pilot program period, such data may 
        nevertheless be required to be submitted by the head of the 
        procuring activity, if the head of the procuring activity--
                    (A) determines that such data are necessary for the 
                evaluation by the agency of the reasonableness of the 
                price of the contract, subcontract, or modification of a 
                contract or subcontract; or
                    (B) requires the submission of such data in 
                accordance with a risk-based contracting approach 
                established pursuant to paragraph (3).
            (2) Written determination required.--In any case in which 
        the head of the procuring activity requires certified cost or 
        pricing data to be submitted under paragraph (1)(A), the head of 
        the procuring activity shall justify in writing the reason for 
        such requirement.
            (3) Risk-based contracting.--The head of an agency shall 
        establish a risk-based sampling approach under which the 
        submission of certified cost or pricing data may be required for 
        a risk-based sample of contracts, the price of which is expected 
        to exceed $750,000 but not $5,000,000. The authority to require 
        certified cost or pricing data under this paragraph shall not 
        apply to any contract of an offeror that has not

[[Page 129 STAT. 956]]

        been awarded, for at least the one-year period preceding the 
        issuance of a solicitation for the contract, any other contract 
        in excess of $5,000,000 under which the offeror was required to 
        submit certified cost or pricing data under section 2306a of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (4) Exception.--The head of the procuring activity may not 
        require certified cost or pricing data to be submitted under 
        this subsection for any contract or subcontract, or modification 
        of a contract or subcontract, covered by the exceptions in 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) of section 2306a(b)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (5) Delegation of authority prohibited.--The head of a 
        procuring activity may not delegate functions under this 
        subsection.

    (d) Reports.--Not later than January 1, 2017, and January 1, 2019, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on activities undertaken under this section.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Head of an agency.--The term ``head of an agency'' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 2302 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (2) Pilot program period.--The term ``pilot program period'' 
        means the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on 
        September 30, 2019.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

Sec. 901. Update of statutory specification of functions of the Chairman 
           of the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force 
           development activities.
Sec. 902. Sense of Congress on the United States Marine Corps.

SEC. 901. UPDATE OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF FUNCTIONS OF THE 
                        CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF 
                        RELATING TO JOINT FORCE DEVELOPMENT 
                        ACTIVITIES.

    Section 153(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) Advising the Secretary on development of joint 
        command, control, communications, and cyber capability, 
        including integration and interoperability of such capability, 
        through requirements, integrated architectures, data standards, 
        and assessments.''.
SEC. 902. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) As senior United States statesman Dr. Henry Kissinger 
        wrote in testimony submitted to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the Senate on January 29, 2015, ``The United States has not 
        faced a more diverse and complex array of crises since the end 
        of the Second World War.''.
            (2) The rise of non-state forces and near peer competitors 
        has introduced destabilizing pressures around the globe.
            (3) Advances in information and weapons technology have 
        reduced the time available for the United States to prepare

[[Page 129 STAT. 957]]

        for and respond to crises against both known and unknown 
        threats.
            (4) The importance of the maritime domain cannot be 
        overstated. As acknowledged in the March 2015 Navy, Marine 
        Corps, and Coast Guard maritime strategy, ``A Cooperative 
        Strategy for 21st Century Seapower: Forward, Engaged, Ready'': 
        ``Oceans are the lifeblood of the interconnected global 
        community. . . 90 percent of trade by volume travels across the 
        oceans. Approximately 70 percent of the world's population lives 
        within 100 miles of the coastline.''.
            (5) The United States must be prepared to rapidly respond to 
        crises around the world regardless of the nation's fiscal 
        health.
            (6) In this global security environment, it is critical that 
        the nation possess a maritime force whose mission and ethos is 
        readiness--a fight tonight force, forward deployed, that can 
        respond immediately to emergent crises across the full range of 
        military operations around the globe either from the sea or home 
        station.
            (7) The need for such a force was recognized by the 82nd 
        Congress during the Korean War, when it mandated a core mission 
        for the nation's leanest force--the Marine Corps--to be most 
        ready when the nation is least ready.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Marine Corps, within the Department of the Navy, 
        remain the Nation's expeditionary, crisis response force;
            (2) the need for such a force with such a capability has 
        never been greater; and
            (3) accordingly, in recognition of this need and the wisdom 
        of the 82nd Congress, the 114th Congress reaffirms section 5063 
        of title 10, United States Code, which states that the Marine 
        Corps--
                    (A) shall--
                          (i) be organized to include not less than 
                      three combat divisions and three air wings, and 
                      such other land combat, aviation, and other 
                      services as may be organic therein;
                          (ii) be organized, trained, and equipped to 
                      provide fleet marine forces of combined arms, 
                      together with supporting air components, for 
                      service with the fleet in the seizure or defense 
                      of advanced naval bases and for the conduct of 
                      such land operations as may be essential to the 
                      prosecution of a naval campaign; and
                          (iii) provide detachments and organizations 
                      for service on armed vessels of the Navy, provide 
                      security detachments for the protection of naval 
                      property at naval stations and bases, and perform 
                      such other duties as the President may direct;
                but these additional duties may not detract from nor 
                interfere with the operations for which the Marine Corps 
                is primarily organized;
                    (B) shall develop, in coordination with the Army and 
                the Air Force, those phases of amphibious operations 
                that pertain to the tactics, techniques, and equipment 
                used by landing forces; and
                    (C) is responsible, in accordance with the 
                integrated joint mobilization plans, for the expansion 
                of peacetime

[[Page 129 STAT. 958]]

                components of the Marine Corps to meet the needs of war.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Accounting standards to value certain property, plant, and 
           equipment items.
Sec. 1003. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1004. Sense of Congress on sequestration.
Sec. 1005. Annual audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
           components by independent external auditors.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support unified counterdrug and 
           counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Extension and expansion of authority to provide additional 
           support for counter-drug activities of certain foreign 
           governments.
Sec. 1013. Sense of Congress on Central America.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. Additional information supporting long-range plans for 
           construction of naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.
Sec. 1023. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
           certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
           Ticonderoga class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Limitation on the use of funds for removal of ballistic 
           missile defense capabilities from Ticonderoga class cruisers.
Sec. 1026. Independent assessment of United States Combat Logistic Force 
           requirements.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
           individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
           in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
           United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release to 
           certain countries of individuals detained at United States 
           Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1034. Reenactment and modification of certain prior requirements 
           for certifications relating to transfer of detainees at 
           United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to foreign 
           countries and other foreign entities.
Sec. 1035. Comprehensive detention strategy.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds for realignment of forces at or 
           closure of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Report on current detainees at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, determined or assessed to be high risk 
           or medium risk.
Sec. 1038. Reports to Congress on contact between terrorists and 
           individuals formerly detained at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1039. Inclusion in reports to Congress of information about 
           recidivism of individuals formerly detained at United States 
           Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1040. Report to Congress on terms of written agreements with 
           foreign countries regarding transfer of detainees at United 
           States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1041. Report on use of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
           Cuba, and other Department of Defense or Bureau of Prisons 
           prisons or detention or disciplinary facilities in 
           recruitment or other propaganda of terrorist organizations.
Sec. 1042. Permanent authority to provide rewards through government 
           personnel of allied forces and certain other modifications to 
           Department of Defense program to provide rewards.

[[Page 129 STAT. 959]]

Sec. 1043. Sunset on exception to congressional notification of 
           sensitive military operations.
Sec. 1044. Repeal of semiannual reports on obligation and expenditure of 
           funds for the combating terrorism program.
Sec. 1045. Limitation on interrogation techniques.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Department of Defense excess property program.
Sec. 1052. Sale or donation of excess personal property for border 
           security activities.
Sec. 1053. Management of military technicians.
Sec. 1054. Limitation on transfer of certain AH-64 Apache helicopters 
           from Army National Guard to regular Army and related 
           personnel levels.
Sec. 1055. Authority to provide training and support to personnel of 
           foreign ministries of defense.
Sec. 1056. Information operations and engagement technology 
           demonstrations.
Sec. 1057. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of Helicopter Sea 
           Combat Squadron 84 and 85 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
           certain landmines and report on department of defense policy 
           and inventory of anti-personnel landmine munitions.
Sec. 1059. Department of Defense authority to provide assistance to 
           secure the southern land border of the United States.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1060. Provision of defense planning guidance and contingency 
           planning guidance information to Congress.
Sec. 1061. Expedited meetings of the National Commission on the Future 
           of the Army.
Sec. 1062. Modification of certain reports submitted by Comptroller 
           General of the United States.
Sec. 1063. Report on implementation of the geographically distributed 
           force laydown in the area of responsibility of United States 
           Pacific Command.
Sec. 1064. Independent study of national security strategy formulation 
           process.
Sec. 1065. Report on the status of detection, identification, and 
           disablement capabilities related to remotely piloted 
           aircraft.
Sec. 1066. Report on options to accelerate the training of pilots of 
           remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 1067. Studies of fleet platform architectures for the Navy.
Sec. 1068. Report on strategy to protect United States national security 
           interests in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1069. Comptroller General briefing and report on major medical 
           facility projects of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1070. Submittal to Congress of munitions assessments.
Sec. 1071. Potential role for United States ground forces in the Western 
           Pacific theater.
Sec. 1072. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
           military personnel issues.
Sec. 1073. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements relating to 
           readiness.
Sec. 1074. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to naval 
           vessels and Merchant Marine.
Sec. 1075. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
           civilian personnel.
Sec. 1076. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
           nuclear proliferation and related matters.
Sec. 1077. Repeal or revision of reporting requirements related to 
           acquisition.
Sec. 1078. Repeal or revision of miscellaneous reporting requirements.
Sec. 1079. Repeal of reporting requirements.
Sec. 1080. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
           reports required of Department of Defense by statute.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Situations involving bombings of places of public use, 
           Government facilities, public transportation systems, and 
           infrastructure facilities.
Sec. 1083. Executive agent for the oversight and management of 
           alternative compensatory control measures.
Sec. 1084. Navy support of Ocean Research Advisory Panel.
Sec. 1085. Level of readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers.
Sec. 1086. Reform and improvement of personnel security, insider threat 
           detection and prevention, and physical security.

[[Page 129 STAT. 960]]

Sec. 1087. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
           of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1088. Modification of requirements for transferring aircraft within 
           the Air Force inventory.
Sec. 1089. Reestablishment of Commission to Assess the Threat to the 
           United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack.
Sec. 1090. Mine countermeasures master plan and report.
Sec. 1091. Congressional notification and briefing requirement on 
           ordered evacuations of United States embassies and consulates 
           involving support provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1092. Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator.
Sec. 1093. Sense of Congress on the inadvertent transfer of anthrax from 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1094. Modification of certain requirements applicable to major 
           medical facility lease for a Department of Veterans Affairs 
           outpatient clinic in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Sec. 1095. Authorization of fiscal year 2015 major medical facility 
           projects of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1096. Designation of construction agent for certain construction 
           projects by Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 1097. Department of Defense strategy for countering unconventional 
           warfare.

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this division for 
        fiscal year 2016 between any such authorizations for that fiscal 
        year (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so 
        transferred shall be merged with and be available for the same 
        purposes as the authorization to which transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
        under the authority of this section may not exceed 
        $4,500,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
        authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
        authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation in paragraph (2).

    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.

    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount is 
transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
SEC. 1002. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2222 note.>> ACCOUNTING STANDARDS TO 
                          VALUE CERTAIN PROPERTY, PLANT, AND 
                          EQUIPMENT ITEMS.

    (a) Requirement for Certain Accounting Standards.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall work in coordination with the Federal

[[Page 129 STAT. 961]]

Accounting Standards Advisory Board to establish accounting standards to 
value large and unordinary general property, plant, and equipment items.
    (b) Deadline.--The accounting standards required by subsection (a) 
shall be established by not later than September 30, 2017, and be 
available for use for the full audit on the financial statements of the 
Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018, as required by section 
1003(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
(Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 842; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note).
SEC. 1003. REPORT ON AUDITABLE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report ranking all military departments and Defense 
Agencies in order of how advanced they are in achieving auditable 
financial statements as required by law. The report should not include 
information otherwise available in other reports to Congress.
SEC. 1004. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SEQUESTRATION.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) the fiscal challenges of the Federal Government are a 
        top priority for Congress, and sequestration--non-strategic, 
        across-the-board budget cuts--remains an unreasonable and 
        inadequate budgeting tool to address the deficits and debt of 
        the Federal Government;
            (2) budget caps imposed by the Budget Control Act of 2011 
        (Public Law 112-25) impose unacceptable limitations on the 
        budget and increase risk to the national security of the United 
        States; and
            (3) the budget caps imposed by the Budget Control Act of 
        2011 must be modified or eliminated through a bipartisan 
        legislative agreement.
SEC. 1005. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2222 note.>> ANNUAL AUDIT OF FINANCIAL 
                          STATEMENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                          COMPONENTS BY INDEPENDENT EXTERNAL 
                          AUDITORS.

    (a) Audits Required.--For purposes of satisfying the requirement 
under section 3521(e) of title 31, United States Code, for audits of 
financial statements of Department of Defense components identified by 
the Director of the Office of Management and Budget under section 
3515(c) of such title, the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense shall obtain each year audits of the financial statements of 
each such component by an independent external auditor.
    (b) Selection of Auditors.--The selection of independent external 
auditors for purposes of subsection (a) shall be based, among other 
appropriate criteria, on their qualifications, independence, and 
capacity to conduct audits described in subsection (a) in accordance 
with applicable generally accepted government auditing standards. The 
Inspector General shall participate in the selection of the independent 
external auditors.
    (c) Monitoring Audits.--The Inspector General shall monitor the 
conduct of all audits by independent external auditors under subsection 
(a).
    (d) Reports on Audits.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 962]]

            (1) In general.--The Inspector General shall require the 
        independent external auditors conducting audits under subsection 
        (a) to submit a report on their audits each year to--
                    (A) the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) as 
                the Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Defense 
                for the purposes of chapter 9 of title 31, United States 
                Code;
                    (B) the Controller of the Office of Federal 
                Financial Management in the Office of Management and 
                Budget; and
                    (C) the appropriate committees of Congress.
            (2) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Oversight and Government Reform, and the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

    (e) Relationship to Existing Law.--The requirements of this 
section--
            (1) shall be implemented in a manner that is consistent with 
        the requirements of section 1008 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 10 
        U.S.C. 113 note);
            (2) shall not be construed to alter the requirement under 
        section 3521(e) of title 31, United States Code, that the 
        financial statements of the Department of Defense as a whole be 
        audited by the Inspector General or by an independent external 
        auditor, as determined by the Inspector General; and
            (3) shall not be construed to limit or alter the authorities 
        of the Comptroller General of the United States under section 
        3521(g) of title 31, United States Code.

                   Subtitle B--Counter-Drug Activities

SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT UNIFIED COUNTERDRUG 
                          AND COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN 
                          COLOMBIA.

    (a) Extension of Authority.--Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-
375; 118 Stat. 2042), as most recently amended by section 1011(a) of the 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3483), is 
further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
        ``2017''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
        ``2017''.

    (b) Extension of Annual Notice to Congress on Assistance.--Section 
1011(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 is amended by striking ``(as 
amended by subsection (a)) using funds available for fiscal year 2015'' 
and inserting ``using funds available for any fiscal year''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 963]]

SEC. 1012. EXTENSION AND EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE 
                          ADDITIONAL SUPPORT FOR COUNTER-DRUG 
                          ACTIVITIES OF CERTAIN FOREIGN 
                          GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (a)(2) of section 1033 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 111 
Stat. 1881), as most recently amended by section 1013 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 
Stat. 844), is further amended by striking ``2016'' and inserting 
``2017''.
    (b) Additional Governments Eligible To Receive Support.--Subsection 
(b) of such section 1033, as so amended, is further amended by adding at 
the end of the following new paragraphs:
            ``(40) Government of Kenya.
            ``(41) Government of Tanzania.''.

    (c) Report on Use of Authority.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
        authority to provide additional support for counter-drug 
        activities of foreign governments in section 1033 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998.
            (2) Elements.--The report shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following:
                    (A) A description of the use of the authority over 
                time, and of the use of the authority as in effect 
                during fiscal years 2014 and 2015.
                    (B) A description of the impetus for the expansion 
                of the countries eligible for assistance under the 
                program.
                    (C) A description of the impetus for the increases 
                over time in the amounts of fund requested for 
                assistance under the program.
                    (D) A description of the processes through which 
                priorities are established for countries and regions to 
                be assisted under the program.
                    (E) An assessment of the advantages and 
                disadvantages of providing assistance under the program 
                on a country-by country basis rather than providing such 
                assistance on a global basis.
                    (F) A description of the funding challenges, if any, 
                associated with providing assistance under the program 
                on a country-by country basis and with providing such 
                assistance on a global basis.
            (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations 
                of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 1013. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON CENTRAL AMERICA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The stability and security of Central American nations 
        have a direct impact on the stability and security of the United 
        States.

[[Page 129 STAT. 964]]

            (2) Over the past decade, increased stability and security 
        in the Republic of Colombia has displaced illicit trafficking to 
        Central America, bringing with it increased violence and 
        instability.
            (3) According to the Global Study on Homicide 2013 of the 
        United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, four of the top five 
        countries with the highest homicide rates in the world were 
        Central American nations, including Honduras, Belize, El 
        Salvador, and Guatemala.
            (4) In 2014, approximately 65,000 unaccompanied alien 
        children from Central America entered the United States through 
        its southwest border.
            (5) In November 2014, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador 
        announced a Plan for the Alliance for Prosperity of the Northern 
        Triangle, which is a comprehensive approach to address the 
        ongoing violence and instability facing these three nations by 
        stimulating economic opportunities, improving public safety and 
        rule of law, and strengthening institutions to increase trust in 
        the state.
            (6) The United States Government is supportive of the 
        Alliance for Prosperity, and President's strategy for support 
        includes $1,000,000,000 focused on promoting prosperity and 
        regional economic integration, enhancing security, and promoting 
        improved governance.
            (7) The Department of Defense continues to build the 
        capacity of our partners in the region to address their security 
        challenges and confront threats of mutual concern.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States should, to the extent practicable, 
        prioritize efforts to address the threatening levels of 
        violence, instability, illicit trafficking, and transnational 
        organized crime that challenge the sovereignty of Central 
        American nations and the security of the United States; and
            (2) in order to address such issues, the Department of 
        Defense, to the extent practicable, should--
                    (A) increase its operations, as the lead agency of 
                the United States Government, to detect and monitor 
                aerial and maritime illicit trafficking into the United 
                States;
                    (B) increase its efforts to support aerial and 
                maritime illicit trafficking interdiction operations;
                    (C) increase its operations to build the capacity of 
                partner nations in Central America to confront their own 
                security challenges;
                    (D) support interagency programs and activities in 
                Central America addressing instability, including 
                development, education, economic, political, and 
                security challenges; and
                    (E) promote observance of and respect for human 
                rights and fundamental freedoms and respect for civilian 
                control of the military.

[[Page 129 STAT. 965]]

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1021. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORTING LONG-RANGE PLANS FOR 
                          CONSTRUCTION OF NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 231(b)(2)(C) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``by ship class in both graphical and tabular form'' after 
``The estimated levels of annual funding''.
SEC. 1022. NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND.

    (a) Enhancement of Authority of Secretary of Navy to Use National 
Sea-Based Deterrence Fund.--Section 2218a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (i) and (j), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsections:

    ``(f) Authority to Enter Into Economic Order Quantity Contracts.--
(1) The Secretary of the Navy may use funds deposited in the Fund to 
enter into contracts known as `economic order quantity contracts' with 
private shipyards and other commercial or government entities to achieve 
economic efficiencies based on production economies for major components 
or subsystems. The authority under this subsection extends to the 
procurement of parts, components, and systems (including weapon systems) 
common with and required for other nuclear powered vessels under joint 
economic order quantity contracts.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that 
any obligation of the United States to make a payment under the contract 
is subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose, and 
that total liability to the Government for termination of any contract 
entered into shall be limited to the total amount of funding obligated 
at time of termination.
    ``(g) Authority to Begin Manufacturing and Fabrication Efforts Prior 
to Ship Authorization.--(1) The Secretary of the Navy may use funds 
deposited into the Fund to enter into contracts for advance construction 
of national sea-based deterrence vessels to support achieving cost 
savings through workload management, manufacturing efficiencies, or 
workforce stability, or to phase fabrication activities within shipyard 
and manage sub-tier manufacturer capacity.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that 
any obligation of the United States to make a payment under the contract 
is subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose, and 
that total liability to the Government for termination of any contract 
entered into shall be limited to the total amount of funding obligated 
at time of termination.
    ``(h) Authority to Use Incremental Funding to Enter Into Contracts 
for Certain Items.--(1) The Secretary of the Navy may use funds 
deposited into the Fund to enter into incrementally funded contracts for 
advance procurement of high value, long lead time items for nuclear 
powered vessels to better support construction schedules and achieve 
cost savings through schedule reductions and properly phased installment 
payments.
    ``(2) A contract entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that 
any obligation of the United States to make a payment under the contract 
is subject to the availability of appropriations for

[[Page 129 STAT. 966]]

that purpose, and that total liability to the Government for termination 
of any contract entered into shall be limited to the total amount of 
funding obligated at time of termination.''.
    (b) Modification and Extension of Authority to Transfer Funds.--
Section 1022(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3487) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or 2016'' and inserting ``2016, or 2017''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``for the Navy for the Ohio Replacement 
        Program'' and inserting ``for the Department of Defense''.
SEC. 1023. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF EXPENSES 
                          FOR CERTAIN NAVY MESS OPERATIONS AFLOAT.

    (a) Extension.--Subsection (b) of section 1014 of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-
417; 122 Stat. 4585), as amended by section 1021 of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-
383, 124 Stat. 4348), is amended by striking ``September 30, 2015'' and 
inserting ``September 30, 2020''.
    (b) Technical and Clarifying Amendments.--Subsection (a) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``not 
        more that'' and inserting ``not more than''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Naval vessels'' and 
        inserting ``such vessels''.
SEC. 1024. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR INACTIVATION OF 
                          TICONDEROGA CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK 
                          LANDING SHIPS.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2016 may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to retire, 
inactivate, or place in storage a cruiser or dock landing ship, except 
as provided in section 1026(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490).
SEC. 1025. LIMITATION ON THE USE OF FUNDS FOR REMOVAL OF BALLISTIC 
                          MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITIES FROM 
                          TICONDEROGA CLASS CRUISERS.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used to 
remove ballistic missile defense capabilities from any of the 5 
Ticonderoga class cruisers equipped with such capabilities until the 
Secretary of the Navy certifies to the congressional defense committees 
that the Navy has--
            (1) obtained the ballistic missile defense capabilities 
        required by the most recent Navy Force Structure Assessment;
            (2) entered into a modernization of such cruisers that will 
        provide an equal or improved ballistic missile defense 
        capability; or
            (3) obtained at least 40 large surface combatants with 
        ballistic missile defense capability.

[[Page 129 STAT. 967]]

SEC. 1026. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF UNITED STATES COMBAT LOGISTIC 
                          FORCE REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        enter into an agreement with a federally funded research and 
        development center with appropriate expertise and analytical 
        capability to conduct an assessment of the anticipated future 
        demands of the combat logistics force ships of the Navy and the 
        challenges such ships may face when conducting and supporting 
        future naval operations in contested maritime environments.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the programmed ability of the 
                United States Combat Logistic Force to support the Navy 
                and the naval forces of allies of the United States that 
                are operating in a dispersed manner and not concentrated 
                in carrier or expeditionary strike groups, in accordance 
                with the concept of distributed lethality of the Navy.
                    (B) An assessment of the programmed ability of the 
                United States Combat Logistic Force to support the Navy 
                and the naval forces of allies of the United States that 
                are engaged in major combat operations against an 
                adversary possessing maritime anti-access and area-
                denial capabilities, including anti-ship ballistic and 
                cruise missiles, land-based maritime strike aircraft, 
                submarines, and sea mines.
                    (C) An assessment of the programmed ability of the 
                United States Combat Logistic Force to support 
                distributed and expeditionary air operations from an 
                expanded set of alternative and austere air bases in 
                accordance with concepts under development by the Air 
                Force and the Marine Corps.
                    (D) An assessment of gaps and deficiencies in the 
                capability and capacity of the United States Combat 
                Logistic Force to conduct and support operations of the 
                United States and allies under the conditions described 
                in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C).
                    (E) Recommendations for adjustments to the 
                programmed ability of the United States Combat Logistic 
                Force to address capability and capacity gaps and 
                deficiencies described in subparagraph (D).
                    (F) Any other matters the federally funded research 
                and development center considers appropriate.

    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2016, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report that includes the assessment under subsection (a) and 
        any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.

    (c) Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the federally 
funded research and development center that conducts the assessment 
under subsection (a) with timely access to appropriate

[[Page 129 STAT. 968]]

information, data, resources, and analyses necessary for the center to 
conduct such assessment thoroughly and independently.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1031. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
                          INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES 
                          NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO 
                          THE UNITED STATES.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available 
for the Department of Defense may be used during the period beginning on 
the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2016, 
to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or release to or within 
the United States, its territories, or possessions of Khalid Sheikh 
Mohammed or any other detainee who--
            (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
        Forces of the United States; and
            (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department of 
        Defense.
SEC. 1032. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
                          FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE 
                          DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES 
                          NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
ending on December 31, 2016, to construct or modify any facility in the 
United States, its territories, or possessions to house any individual 
detained at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or imprisonment in 
the custody or under the control of the Department of Defense unless 
authorized by Congress.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
any modification of facilities at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the meaning given that 
term in section 1034(f)(2).
SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE TO 
                          CERTAIN COUNTRIES OF INDIVIDUALS 
                          DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
                          GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise available for 
the Department of Defense may be used during the period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2016, to 
transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or release of any 
individual detained in the custody or under the control of the 
Department of Defense at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
Cuba, to the custody or control of any country, or any entity within 
such country, as follows:
            (1) Libya.
            (2) Somalia.
            (3) Syria.

[[Page 129 STAT. 969]]

            (4) Yemen.
SEC. 1034. <<NOTE: 10 USC 801 note.>> REENACTMENT AND MODIFICATION 
                          OF CERTAIN PRIOR REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                          CERTIFICATIONS RELATING TO TRANSFER OF 
                          DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                          STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO 
                          FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND OTHER FOREIGN 
                          ENTITIES.

    (a) Certification Required Prior to Transfer.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary of Defense may not use any amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated or otherwise available to the Department of Defense 
        to transfer any individual detained at Guantanamo to the custody 
        or control of the individual's country of origin, any other 
        foreign country, or any other foreign entity unless the 
        Secretary submits to the appropriate committees of Congress the 
        certification described in subsection (b) not later than 30 days 
        before the transfer of the individual.
            (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any action 
        taken by the Secretary to transfer any individual detained at 
        Guantanamo to effectuate an order affecting the disposition of 
        the individual that is issued by a court or competent tribunal 
        of the United States having lawful jurisdiction (which the 
        Secretary shall notify the appropriate committees of Congress of 
        promptly after issuance).

    (b) Certification.--A certification described in this subsection is 
a written certification made by the Secretary that--
            (1) the transfer concerned is in the national security 
        interests of the United States;
            (2) the government of the foreign country or the recognized 
        leadership of the foreign entity to which the individual 
        detained at Guantanamo concerned is to be transferred--
                    (A) is not a designated state sponsor of terrorism 
                or a designated foreign terrorist organization;
                    (B) maintains control over each detention facility 
                in which the individual is to be detained if the 
                individual is to be housed in a detention facility;
                    (C) has taken or agreed to take appropriate steps to 
                substantially mitigate any risk the individual could 
                attempt to reengage in terrorist activity or otherwise 
                threaten the United States or its allies or interests; 
                and
                    (D) has agreed to share with the United States any 
                information that is related to the individual;
            (3) if the country to which the individual is to be 
        transferred is a country to which the United States transferred 
        an individual who was detained at United States Naval Station, 
        Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, at any time after September 11, 2001, and 
        such transferred individual subsequently engaged in any 
        terrorist activity, the Secretary has--
                    (A) considered such circumstances; and
                    (B) determined that the actions to be taken as 
                described in paragraph (2)(C) will substantially 
                mitigate the risk of recidivism with regard to the 
                individual to be transferred; and
            (4) includes an intelligence assessment, in classified or 
        unclassified form, of the capacity, willingness, and past 
        practices (if applicable) of the foreign country or foreign 
        entity

[[Page 129 STAT. 970]]

        concerned in relation to the certification of the Secretary 
        under this subsection.

    (c) Coordination With Prohibition on Transfer to Certain 
Countries.--While the prohibition in section 1033 is in effect, no 
certification may be made under subsection (b) in connection with the 
transfer of an individual detained at Guantanamo to a country specified 
in such section.
    (d) Record of Cooperation.--In assessing the risk that an individual 
detained at Guantanamo will engage in terrorist activity or other 
actions that could affect the national security of the United States if 
released for the purpose of making a certification under subsection (b), 
the Secretary may give favorable consideration to any such individual--
            (1) who has substantially cooperated with United States 
        intelligence and law enforcement authorities, pursuant to a pre-
        trial agreement, while in the custody of or under the effective 
        control of the Department of Defense; and
            (2) for whom agreements and effective mechanisms are in 
        place, to the extent relevant and necessary, to provide for 
        continued cooperation with United States intelligence and law 
        enforcement authorities.

    (e) Report.--Whenever the Secretary makes a certification under 
subsection (b) with respect to an individual detained at Guantanamo, the 
Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress, 
together with such certification, a report that shall include, at a 
minimum, the following:
            (1) A detailed statement of the basis for the transfer of 
        the individual.
            (2) An explanation why the transfer of the individual is in 
        the national security interests of the United States.
            (3) A description of actions taken to mitigate the risks of 
        reengagement by the individual as described in subsection 
        (b)(2)(C), including any actions taken to address factors 
        relevant to an applicable prior case of reengagement described 
        in subsection (b)(3).
            (4) A copy of any Periodic Review Board findings relating to 
        the individual.
            (5) A copy of the final recommendation by the Guantanamo 
        Detainee Review Task Force established pursuant to Executive 
        Order 13492 relating to the individual and, if applicable, 
        updated information related to any change to such 
        recommendation.
            (6) An assessment whether, as of the date of the 
        certification, the country to which the individual is to be 
        transferred is facing a threat that could substantially affect 
        its ability to exercise control over the individual.
            (7) A classified summary of--
                    (A) the individual's record of cooperation, if any, 
                while in the custody of or under the effective control 
                of the Department of Defense; and
                    (B) any agreements and mechanisms in place to 
                provide for continuing cooperation.

    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations,

[[Page 129 STAT. 971]]

                and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; 
                and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and 
                the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means any 
        individual located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
        Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
                    (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a 
                member of the Armed Forces of the United States; and
                    (B) is--
                          (i) in the custody or under the control of the 
                      Department of Defense; or
                          (ii) otherwise under detention at United 
                      States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
            (3) The term ``foreign terrorist organization'' means any 
        organization so designated by the Secretary of State under 
        section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
        1189).
            (4) The term ``state sponsor of terrorism'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 301(13) of the Comprehensive Iran 
        Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8541(13)).

    (g) Repeal of Superseded Requirements and Limitations.--Section 1035 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public 
Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 851; 10 U.S.C. 801 note) is repealed.
SEC. 1035. COMPREHENSIVE DETENTION STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence, 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth 
the details of a comprehensive strategy for the detention of current and 
future individuals captured and held pursuant to the Authorization for 
Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40) pending the end of 
hostilities.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall contain 
the following:
            (1) The specific facility or facilities that are intended to 
        be used, or modified to be used, to hold individuals for purpose 
        of trial and incarceration after conviction or detention and 
        interrogation pursuant to the law of armed conflict.
            (2) The estimated costs associated with the detention of 
        individuals detained for purpose of trial, incarceration after 
        conviction, or continued detention under the law of armed 
        conflict, including the costs of--
                    (A) improvements, additions, or changes to each 
                facility specified pursuant to paragraph (1);
                    (B) construction of new facilities, if any;
                    (C) maintenance, operation, and sustainment of any 
                such facility;
                    (D) security;
                    (E) military, civilian, and contractor support 
                personnel; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 972]]

                    (F) other matters associated with support of 
                detention operations.
            (3) A plan for the disposition of such individuals if the 
        authority to continue detaining an individual pursuant to the 
        law of armed conflict were to expire while such individual is 
        being detained, and an assessment of possible actions that could 
        be taken to mitigate any adverse implications of such a scenario 
        to the national security interests of the United States.
            (4) A plan for the disposition of individuals held pursuant 
        to the Authorization for Use of Military Force who are currently 
        detained at the United States Naval Base, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
            (5) A plan for the disposition of future detainees held 
        pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force.
            (6) The additional authorities, if any, necessary to detain 
        an individual pursuant to the law of armed conflict as an 
        unprivileged enemy belligerent pursuant to the Authorization for 
        Use of Military Force pending the end of hostilities or a future 
        determination by the Secretary of Defense that such individual 
        no longer requires continued detention.

    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1036. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REALIGNMENT OF FORCES 
                          AT OR CLOSURE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                          STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) Prohibition on Use of Funds.--No amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense 
for fiscal year 2016 may be used--
            (1) to close or abandon United States Naval Station, 
        Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
            (2) to relinquish control of Guantanamo Bay to the Republic 
        of Cuba; or
            (3) to implement a material modification to the Treaty 
        Between the United States of America and Cuba signed at 
        Washington, D.C. on May 29, 1934 that constructively closes 
        United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting 
        forth an assessment of the military implications of United 
        States Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
            (2) Elements.--The report shall include the following:
                    (A) An historical analysis of the use and 
                significance of the basing at United States Naval 
                Station, Guantanamo Bay.
                    (B) A description of the personnel, resources, and 
                base operations based out of United States Naval 
                Station, Guantanamo Bay, as of the date of the enactment 
                of this Act.
                    (C) An assessment of the role of United States Naval 
                Station, Guantanamo Bay, in support of the National 
                Security Strategy, the National Defense Strategy, and 
                the National Military Strategy.

[[Page 129 STAT. 973]]

                    (D) An assessment of the missions and military 
                requirements that United States Naval Station, 
                Guantanamo Bay, currently supports.
                    (E) A description of the uses of United States Naval 
                Station, Guantanamo Bay, by other departments and 
                agencies of the United States Government.
                    (F) Any other matters the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
SEC. 1037. REPORT ON CURRENT DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                          STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, 
                          DETERMINED OR ASSESSED TO BE HIGH RISK 
                          OR MEDIUM RISK.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate committees and members of Congress a report setting forth a 
list of the individuals detained at Guantanamo as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act who have been determined or assessed by Joint Task 
Force Guantanamo, at any time before the date of the report, to be a 
high-risk or medium-risk threat to the United States, its interests, or 
its allies.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall set forth, for 
each individual covered by the report, the following:
            (1) The name and country of origin.
            (2) The date on which first designated or assessed as a 
        high-risk or medium-risk threat to the United States, its 
        interests, or its allies, and an assessment of the justification 
        for the designation or assessment.
            (3) Whether, as of the date of the report, currently 
        designated or assessed as a high-risk or medium-risk threat to 
        the United States, its interests, or its allies.
            (4) If the designation or assessment changed between the 
        date specified pursuant to paragraph (2) and the date of the 
        report--
                    (A) the new designation or assessment to which 
                changed;
                    (B) the year and month in which the designation or 
                assessment changed; and
                    (C) information on, and a justification for, the 
                change in designation or assessment.
            (5) To the extent practicable, without jeopardizing 
        intelligence sources and methods--
                    (A) prior actions in support of terrorism, hostile 
                actions against the United States or its allies, gross 
                violations of human rights, and other violations of 
                international law; and
                    (B) any affiliations with al Qaeda, al Qaeda 
                affiliates, or other terrorist groups.

    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form to the maximum extent practicable, but may include a 
classified annex.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees and members of 
        Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Appropriations, and the Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the Senate;

[[Page 129 STAT. 974]]

                    (B) the Majority Leader and the Minority Leader of 
                the Senate;
                    (C) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and
                    (D) the Speaker of the House of Representatives and 
                the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means any 
        individual located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
        Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
                    (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a 
                member of the Armed Forces of the United States; and
                    (B) is--
                          (i) in the custody or under the control of the 
                      Department of Defense; or
                          (ii) otherwise under detention at United 
                      States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
SEC. 1038. REPORTS TO CONGRESS ON CONTACT BETWEEN TERRORISTS AND 
                          INDIVIDUALS FORMERLY DETAINED AT UNITED 
                          STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
                          CUBA.

    (a) In General.--Section 319(c) of the Supplemental Appropriations 
Act, 2009 (Public Law 111-32; 123 Stat. 1874; 10 U.S.C. 801 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(6) A summary of all known contact between any individual 
        formerly detained at Naval Station Guantanamo Bay and any 
        individual known or suspected to be associated with a foreign 
        terrorist group, which contact included information or 
        discussion about planning for or conduct of hostilities against 
        the United States or its allies or the organizational, 
        logistical, or resource needs or activities of any terrorist 
        group or activity.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 801 note.>> Rule of Construction.--Nothing in the 
amendment made by subsection (a) shall be construed to terminate, alter, 
modify, override, or otherwise affect any reporting of information 
required under section 319(c) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 
2009 before the date of the enactment of this section.
SEC. 1039. INCLUSION IN REPORTS TO CONGRESS OF INFORMATION ABOUT 
                          RECIDIVISM OF INDIVIDUALS FORMERLY 
                          DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
                          GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    Section 319(c) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2009 (Public 
Law 111-32; 123 Stat. 1874; 10 U.S.C. 801 note), as amended by section 
1038, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(7) For each individual described in paragraph (4), the 
        date on which such individual was released or transferred from 
        Naval Station Guantanamo Bay and the date on which it is 
        confirmed that such individual is suspected or confirmed of 
        reengaging in terrorist activities.
            ``(8) The average period of time described in paragraph (7) 
        for all the individuals described in paragraph (4).''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 975]]

SEC. 1040. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON TERMS OF WRITTEN AGREEMENTS WITH 
                          FOREIGN COUNTRIES REGARDING TRANSFER OF 
                          DETAINEES AT UNITED STATES NAVAL 
                          STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of State shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report describing the terms of any 
        written agreement between the United States Government and the 
        government of the foreign country concerned regarding each 
        individual detained at Guantanamo who was transferred to a 
        foreign country pursuant to a negotiated transfer.
            (2) Statement on lack of written agreement.--If an 
        individual detained at Guantanamo was transferred to a foreign 
        country pursuant to a negotiated transfer and no written 
        agreement exists between the United States Government and the 
        government of the foreign country regarding the transfer of such 
        individual, the report under paragraph (1) shall include an 
        unclassified statement of that fact.
            (3) Arrangements when lack of written agreement.--The report 
        under paragraph (1) shall also provide a description of the 
        types and frequency of arrangements or assurances applicable to 
        negotiated transfers covered by paragraph (2).
            (4) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) may be submitted 
        in classified form, except as provided in paragraph (2).

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations, 
                and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; 
                and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee 
                on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and 
                the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' means any 
        individual located at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
        Bay, Cuba, as of October 1, 2009, who--
                    (A) is not a citizen of the United States or a 
                member of the Armed Forces of the United States; and
                    (B) is--
                          (i) in the custody or under the control of the 
                      Department of Defense; or
                          (ii) otherwise under detention at United 
                      States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
SEC. 1041. REPORT ON USE OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
                          GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, AND OTHER 
                          DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OR BUREAU OF 
                          PRISONS PRISONS OR DETENTION OR 
                          DISCIPLINARY FACILITIES IN RECRUITMENT 
                          OR OTHER PROPAGANDA OF TERRORIST 
                          ORGANIZATIONS.

    Not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the Director 
of National Intelligence, submit to Congress a report on the use by 
terrorist organizations and their leaders of images and symbols relating 
to United States Naval Station, Guantanamo

[[Page 129 STAT. 976]]

Bay, Cuba, and any other Department of Defense or Bureau of Prisons 
prison or other detention or disciplinary facility for recruitment and 
other propaganda purposes. The report shall include the following:
            (1) a description of the use by terrorist organizations and 
        their leaders of images and symbols relating to United States 
        Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, and any other Department of 
        Defense or Bureau of Prisons prison or other detention or 
        disciplinary facility for recruitment or other propaganda 
        purposes.
            (2) A description and assessment of--
                    (A) the effectiveness of the use of such images and 
                symbols for recruitment and other propaganda purposes 
                during the period beginning on September 11, 2001, and 
                ending on the date of the report; and
                    (B) the extent to which such images and symbols 
                continue to be used for recruitment or other propaganda 
                purposes.
            (3) A description and assessment of the efforts of the 
        United States Government to counter the use of such images and 
        symbols for recruitment and other propaganda purposes and to 
        disseminate accurate information about such facilities.
SEC. 1042. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE REWARDS THROUGH 
                          GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL OF ALLIED FORCES 
                          AND CERTAIN OTHER MODIFICATIONS TO 
                          DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAM TO PROVIDE 
                          REWARDS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (c)(3) of section 127b of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``subparagraphs (B) and 
        (C)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (B)''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D).

    (b) Modification of Reporting Requirements.--Subsection (f)(2) of 
such section is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (D);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E), (F), and (G), as 
        subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively; and
            (3) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated by paragraph (2), 
        by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, 
        including in which countries the program is being operated''.

    (c) Report on Designation of Countries for Which Rewards May Be 
Paid.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(h) Report on Designation of Countries for Which Rewards May Be 
Paid.--Not later than 15 days after the date on which the Secretary 
designates a country as a country in which an operation or activity of 
the armed forces is occurring in connection with which rewards may be 
paid under this section, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the designation. Each report shall include the following:
            ``(1) The country so designated.
            ``(2) The reason for the designation of the country.
            ``(3) A justification for the designation of the country for 
        purposes of this section.''.

    (d) Clerical Amendments.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 977]]

            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is amended 
        to read as follows:
``Sec. 127b. Department of Defense rewards program''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 3 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 121 
        prec.>> amended by striking the item relating to section 127b 
        and inserting the following new item:

``127b. Department of Defense rewards program.''.

SEC. 1043. SUNSET ON EXCEPTION TO CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF 
                          SENSITIVE MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    Section 130f(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The notification''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) The exception in paragraph (1) shall cease to be in effect at 
the close of December 31, 2017.''.
SEC. 1044. REPEAL OF SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON OBLIGATION AND 
                          EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS FOR THE COMBATING 
                          TERRORISM PROGRAM.

    Section 229 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 1045. <<NOTE: 42 USC 2000dd-2.>> LIMITATION ON INTERROGATION 
                          TECHNIQUES.

    (a) Limitation on Interrogation Techniques to Those in the Army 
Field Manual.--
            (1) Army field manual 2-22.3 defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``Army Field Manual 2-22.3'' means the Army Field 
        Manual 2-22.3 entitled ``Human Intelligence Collector 
        Operations'' in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act 
        or any similar successor Army Field Manual.
            (2) Restriction.--
                    (A) In general.--An individual described in 
                subparagraph (B) shall not be subjected to any 
                interrogation technique or approach, or any treatment 
                related to interrogation, that is not authorized by and 
                listed in the Army Field Manual 2-22.3.
                    (B) Individual described.--An individual described 
                in this subparagraph is an individual who is--
                          (i) in the custody or under the effective 
                      control of an officer, employee, or other agent of 
                      the United States Government; or
                          (ii) detained within a facility owned, 
                      operated, or controlled by a department or agency 
                      of the United States, in any armed conflict.
            (3) Implementation.--Interrogation techniques, approaches, 
        and treatments described in Army Field Manual 2-22.3 shall be 
        implemented strictly in accord with the principles, processes, 
        conditions, and limitations prescribed by Army Field Manual 2-
        22.3.
            (4) Agencies other than the department of defense.--If a 
        process required by Army Field Manual 2-22.3, such as a 
        requirement of approval by a specified Department of Defense 
        official, is inapposite to a department or an agency other than 
        the Department of Defense, the head of such department or

[[Page 129 STAT. 978]]

        agency shall ensure that a process that is substantially 
        equivalent to the process prescribed by Army Field Manual 2-22.3 
        for the Department of Defense is utilized by all officers, 
        employees, or other agents of such department or agency.
            (5) Interrogation by federal law enforcement.--The 
        limitations in this subsection shall not apply to officers, 
        employees, or agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the 
        Department of Homeland Security, or other Federal law 
        enforcement entities.
            (6) Update of the army field manual.--
                    (A) Requirement to update.--
                          (i) In general.--Not sooner than three years 
                      after the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
                      once every three years thereafter, the Secretary 
                      of Defense, in consultation with the Attorney 
                      General, the Director of the Federal Bureau of 
                      Investigation, and the Director of National 
                      Intelligence, shall complete a thorough review of 
                      Army Field Manual 2-22.3, and revise Army Field 
                      Manual 2-22.3, as necessary to ensure that Army 
                      Field Manual 2-22.3 complies with the legal 
                      obligations of the United States and the practices 
                      for interrogation described therein do not involve 
                      the use or threat of force.
                          (ii) Availability to the public.--Army Field 
                      Manual 2-22.3 shall remain available to the public 
                      and any revisions to the Army Field Manual 2-22.3 
                      adopted by the Secretary of Defense shall be made 
                      available to the public 30 days prior to the date 
                      the revisions take effect.
                    (B) Report on best practices of interrogations.--
                          (i) Requirement for report.--Not later than 
                      120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
                      Act, the interagency body established pursuant to 
                      Executive Order 13491 (commonly known as the High-
                      Value Detainee Interrogation Group) shall submit 
                      to the Secretary of Defense, the Director of 
                      National Intelligence, the Attorney General, and 
                      other appropriate officials a report on best 
                      practices for interrogation that do not involve 
                      the use of force.
                          (ii) Recommendations.--The report required by 
                      clause (i) may include recommendations for 
                      revisions to Army Field Manual 2-22.3 based on the 
                      body of research commissioned by the High-Value 
                      Detainee Interrogation Group.
                          (iii) Availability to the public.--Not later 
                      than 30 days after the report required by clause 
                      (i) is submitted such report shall be made 
                      available to the public.

    (b) International Committee of the Red Cross Access to Detainees.--
            (1) Requirement.--The head of any department or agency of 
        the United States Government shall provide the International 
        Committee of the Red Cross with notification of, and prompt 
        access to, any individual detained in any armed conflict in the 
        custody or under the effective control of an officer, employee, 
        contractor, subcontractor, or other agent of the United States 
        Government or detained within a facility owned,

[[Page 129 STAT. 979]]

        operated, or effectively controlled by a department, agency, 
        contractor, or subcontractor of the United States Government, 
        consistent with Department of Defense regulations and policies.
            (2) Construction.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed--
                    (A) to create or otherwise imply the authority to 
                detain; or
                    (B) to limit or otherwise affect any other 
                individual rights or state obligations which may arise 
                under United States law or international agreements to 
                which the United States is a party, including the Geneva 
                Conventions, or to state all of the situations under 
                which notification to and access for the International 
                Committee of the Red Cross is required or allowed.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1051. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY PROGRAM.

    (a) Website Required.--Section 2576a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Publicly Accessible Website.--(1) The Secretary shall create 
and maintain a publicly available Internet website that provides 
information on the controlled property transferred under this section 
and the recipients of such property.
    ``(2) The contents of the Internet website required under paragraph 
(1) shall include all publicly accessible unclassified information 
pertaining to the request, transfer, denial, and repossession of 
controlled property under this section, including--
            ``(A) a current inventory of all controlled property 
        transferred to Federal and State agencies under this section, 
        listed by the name of the recipient and the year of the 
        transfer;
            ``(B) all pending requests for transfers of controlled 
        property under this section, including the information submitted 
        by the Federal and State agencies requesting such transfers; and
            ``(C) all reports required to be submitted to the Secretary 
        under this section by Federal and State agencies that receive 
        controlled property under this section.''.

    (b) Conditions for Transfer.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) the recipient, on an annual basis, and with the 
        authorization of the relevant local governing body or authority, 
        certifies that it has adopted publicly available protocols for 
        the appropriate use of controlled property, the supervision of 
        such use, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of such use, 
        including auditing and accountability policies; and
            ``(6) after the completion of the assessment required by 
        section 1051(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2016, the recipient, on an annual basis, certifies 
        that it provides annual training to relevant personnel on the

[[Page 129 STAT. 980]]

        maintenance, sustainment, and appropriate use of controlled 
        property.''.

    (c) Definition of Controlled Property.--Such section is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Controlled Property.--In this section, the term `controlled 
property' means any item assigned a demilitarization code of B, C, D, E, 
G, or Q under Department of Defense Manual 4160.21-M, `Defense Materiel 
Disposition Manual', or any successor document.''.
    (d) Examination of Training Requirements.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall enter into an agreement with a federally funded research and 
development center for the conduct of an assessment of the Department of 
Defense excess property program under section 2576a of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by this section. Such assessment shall include--
            (1) an evaluation of the policies and controls governing the 
        determination of the suitability of recipients of controlled 
        property transferred under the program, including specific 
        recommendations relating to the training that Federal and State 
        agencies that receive such property should receive, at no cost 
        to the Department of Defense, to ensure proficiency in the use, 
        maintenance, and sustainment of such property; and
            (2) an analysis of reported statistics on controlled 
        property transfers, the incidence of controlled property that is 
        unaccounted for, and the effectiveness of the policies and 
        procedures governing the return of controlled property 
        transferred under the program to the Department of Defense.

    (e) One-year Mandatory Use Policy Assessment.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall enter into an agreement with a federally funded research 
and development center for the conduct of an assessment of the 
Department of Defense excess property program under section 2576a of 
title 10, United States Code, as amended by this section, to determine 
if the requirement that all controlled property transferred under the 
program be used within one year of being transferred is achieving its 
intended effect. Such assessment shall include recommendations on 
process improvement, including legislative proposals.
    (f) Comptroller General Assessment.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall conduct an assessment of the Department of Defense 
excess property program under section 2576a of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by this section. Such assessment shall include--
            (1) an evaluation of the transfer of controlled property 
        under the program, including the manner in which the property 
        was used by Federal and State agencies and the effectiveness of 
        the Internet website required under subsection (e) of section 
        2576a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
        (a), in providing transparency to the public; and
            (2) a determination of whether the transfer of property 
        under the program enhances the ability of Federal and State 
        agencies to carry out counter-drug and counter-terrorism 
        activities in accordance with the purposes of the program as set 
        forth in section 2576a of title 10, United States Code.

[[Page 129 STAT. 981]]

SEC. 1052. SALE OR DONATION OF EXCESS PERSONAL PROPERTY FOR BORDER 
                          SECURITY ACTIVITIES.

    Section 2576a of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
1051 is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``counter-drug 
                and counter-terrorism activities'' and inserting 
                ``counterdrug, counterterrorism, and border security 
                activities''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Attorney 
                General and the Director of National Drug Control 
                Policy'' and inserting ``the Attorney General, the 
                Director of National Drug Control Policy, and the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security, as appropriate''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``counter-drug or 
        counter-terrorism activities'' and inserting ``counterdrug, 
        counterterrorism, or border security activities''.
SEC. 1053. <<NOTE: 10 USC 10216 note.>> MANAGEMENT OF MILITARY 
                          TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Conversion of Certain Military Technician (dual Status) 
Positions to Civilian Positions.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall convert not 
        fewer than 20 percent of the positions described in paragraph 
        (2) as of January 1, 2017, from military technician (dual 
        status) positions to positions filled by individuals who are 
        employed under section 3101 of title 5, United States Code, and 
        are not military technicians.
            (2) Covered positions.--The positions described in this 
        paragraph are military technician (dual status) positions as 
        follows:
                    (A) Military technician (dual status) positions 
                identified as general administration, clerical, finance, 
                and office service occupations in the report of the 
                Secretary of Defense under section 519 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
                Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1397).
                    (B) Such other military technician (dual status) 
                positions as the Secretary shall specify for purposes of 
                this subsection.
            (3) Treatment of incumbents.--In the case of a position 
        converted under paragraph (1) for which there is an incumbent 
        employee, the Secretary may fill that position, as converted, 
        with the incumbent employee without regard to any requirement 
        concerning competition or competitive hiring procedures.

    (b) Phased-in Termination of Army Reserve, Air Force Reserve, and 
National Guard Non-dual Status Technicians.--
            (1) In general.--Section 10217 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(e) Phased-in Termination of Positions.--(1) No individual may be 
newly hired or employed, or rehired or reemployed, as a non-dual status 
technician for the purposes of this section after December 31, 2016.
    ``(2) Commencing January 1, 2017, the maximum number of non-dual 
status technicians employable by the Army Reserve and by the Air Force 
Reserve shall be reduced from the number otherwise provided by 
subsection (c)(1) by one for each individual who retires, is separated 
from, or otherwise ceases service as a non-

[[Page 129 STAT. 982]]

dual status technician of the Army Reserve or the Air Force Reserve, as 
the case may be, after such date until the maximum number of non-dual 
status technicians employable by the Army Reserve or the Air Force 
Reserve, as the case may be, is zero.
    ``(3) Commencing January 1, 2017, the maximum number of non-dual 
status technicians employable by the National Guard shall be reduced 
from the number otherwise provided by subsection (c)(2) by one for each 
individual who retires, is separated from, or otherwise ceases service 
as a non-dual status technician of the National Guard after such date 
until the maximum number of non-dual status technicians employable by 
the National Guard is zero.
    ``(4) Any individual newly hired or employed, or rehired or 
employed, to a position required to be filled by reason of the amendment 
made by paragraph (1) shall be an individual employed in such position 
under section 3101 of title 5, and may not be a military technician.
    ``(5) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to terminate the 
status as a non-dual status technician under this section after December 
31, 2016, of any individual who is a non-dual status technician for the 
purposes of this section on that date.''.
            (2) Report on phased-in terminations.--Not later than 
        February 1, 2016, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        Congress a report setting forth a plan for implementing the 
        amendment made by paragraph (1).
SEC. 1054. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF CERTAIN AH-64 APACHE 
                          HELICOPTERS FROM ARMY NATIONAL GUARD TO 
                          REGULAR ARMY AND RELATED PERSONNEL 
                          LEVELS.

    Section 1712 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3668) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``March 31, 2016'' and 
        inserting ``June 30, 2016''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``March 31, 2016'' and 
        inserting ``June 30, 2016'' both places it appears.
SEC. 1055. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TRAINING AND SUPPORT TO PERSONNEL 
                          OF FOREIGN MINISTRIES OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Authority.--Section 1081 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 168 note), as 
amended by section 1047 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
291; 128 Stat. 3494), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
        subsections (c) through (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):

    ``(b) Training of Personnel of Foreign Ministries With Security 
Missions.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, with the 
        concurrence of the Secretary of State, carry out a program to 
        provide training and associated training support services to 
        personnel of foreign ministries of defense (or ministries with 
        security force oversight) or regional organizations with 
        security missions--
                    ``(A) for the purpose of--
                          ``(i) enhancing civilian oversight of foreign 
                      security forces;

[[Page 129 STAT. 983]]

                          ``(ii) establishing responsible defense 
                      governance and internal controls in order to help 
                      build effective, transparent, and accountable 
                      defense institutions;
                          ``(iii) assessing organizational weaknesses 
                      and establishing a roadmap for addressing 
                      shortfalls; and
                          ``(iv) enhancing ministerial, general or joint 
                      staff, or service level core management 
                      competencies; and
                    ``(B) for such other purposes as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate, consistent with the authority in 
                subsection (a).
            ``(2) Notice to congress.--Each fiscal year quarter, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees 
        of Congress a report on activities under the program under 
        paragraph (1) during the preceding fiscal year quarter. Each 
        report shall include, for the fiscal year quarter covered by 
        such report, the following:
                    ``(A) A list of activities under the program.
                    ``(B) A list of any organization described in 
                paragraph (1) to which the Secretary assigned employees 
                under the program, including the number of such 
                employees so assigned, the duration of each assignment, 
                a brief description of each assigned employee's 
                activities, and a statement of the cost of each 
                assignment.
                    ``(C) A comprehensive justification of any 
                activities conducted pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).''.

    (b) Termination of Authority.--Subsection (c) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (a)(1) of this section, is amended in 
paragraph (1) by striking ``of the Secretary of Defense'' and all that 
follows and inserting ``in this section terminates at the close of 
December 31, 2017.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``Ministry of Defense 
        Advisor'' before ``Authority'';
            (2) in subsections (d) and (e), as redesignated by 
        subsection (a)(1) of this section, by striking ``the Committees 
        on Armed Services and Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
        Committees on Armed Services and Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives'' and inserting ``the appropriate committees of 
        Congress''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(g) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term `appropriate committees of Congress' means--
            ``(1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
            ``(2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.''.

    (d) Clerical and Conforming Amendment to Section Heading to Reflect 
Name of Program.--
            (1) Conforming amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1081. DEFENSE INSTITUTION CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAM.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents in section 
        2(b) of such Act is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 1081 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 1081. Defense Institution Capacity Building Program.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 984]]

SEC. 1056. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>> INFORMATION OPERATIONS AND 
                          ENGAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATIONS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) military information support operations are a critical 
        component of the efforts of the Department of Defense to provide 
        commanders with capabilities to shape the operational 
        environment;
            (2) military information support operations are integral to 
        armed conflict and therefore the Secretary of Defense has broad 
        latitude to conduct military information support operations;
            (3) the Secretary of Defense should develop creative and 
        agile concepts, technologies, and strategies across all 
        available media to most effectively reach target audiences, to 
        counter and degrade the ability of adversaries and potential 
        adversaries to persuade, inspire, and recruit inside areas of 
        hostilities or in other areas in direct support of the 
        objectives of commanders; and
            (4) the Secretary of Defense should request additional funds 
        in future budgets to carry out military information support 
        operations to support the broader efforts of the Government to 
        counter violent extremism.

    (b) Technology Demonstrations Required.--To support the ability of 
the Department of Defense to provide innovative operational concepts and 
technologies to shape the informational environment, the Secretary of 
Defense shall carry out a series of technology demonstrations, subject 
to the availability of funds for such purpose or to a prior approval 
reprogramming, to assess innovative new technologies for information 
operations and information engagement to support the operational and 
strategic requirements of the commanders of the geographic and 
functional combatant commands, including the urgent and emergent 
operational needs and the operational and theater campaign plans of such 
combatant commanders to further the national security objectives and 
strategic communications requirements of the United States.
    (c) Plan.--By not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a plan describing how the Department of 
Defense will execute the technology demonstrations required under 
subsection (b). Such plan shall include each of the following elements:
            (1) A general timeline for conducting the technology 
        demonstrations.
            (2) Clearly defined goals and endstate objectives for the 
        demonstrations, including traceability of such goals to the 
        tactical, operational, or strategic requirements of the 
        combatant commanders.
            (3) A process for measuring the performance and 
        effectiveness of the demonstrations.
            (4) A coordination structure to include participation 
        between the technology development and the operational 
        communities, including potentially joint, interagency, 
        intergovernmental, and multinational partners.
            (5) The identification of potential technologies to support 
        the tactical, operational, or strategic needs of the combatant 
        commanders.

[[Page 129 STAT. 985]]

            (6) An explanation of how such technologies will support and 
        coordinate with elements of joint, interagency, 
        intergovernmental, and multinational partners.

    (d) Congressional Notice.--Upon initiating a technology 
demonstration under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees written notice of the 
demonstration that includes a detailed description of the demonstration, 
including its purpose, cost, engagement medium, targeted audience, and 
any other details the Secretary of Defense believes will assist the 
committees in evaluating the demonstration.
    (e) Termination.--The authority to carry out a technology 
demonstration under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2022.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to limit or alter any authority under which the Department of 
Defense supports information operations activities within the 
Department.
SEC. 1057. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                          HELICOPTER SEA COMBAT SQUADRON 84 AND 85 
                          AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibitions.--Except as provided by subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2016 for the Navy may be obligated or expended 
to--
            (1) retire, prepare to retire, transfer, or place in storage 
        any Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron 84 (HSC-84) or Helicopter Sea 
        Combat Squadron 85 (HSC-85) aircraft; or
            (2) make any changes to manning levels with respect to any 
        HSC-84 or HSC-85 aircraft squadron.

    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive subsection (a), if 
the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees that the 
Secretary has--
            (1) conducted a cost-benefit analysis identifying savings to 
        Department of the Navy regarding decommissioning or deactivation 
        of an HSC-84 or HSC-85 squadron;
            (2) identified a replacement capability that would be 
        available if prioritized and directed by the Secretary of 
        Defense and would meet all operational requirements, including 
        special operational-peculiar requirements of the combatant 
        commands, currently being met by the HSC-84 or HSC-85 squadrons 
        and aircraft to be retired, transferred, or placed in storage; 
        and
            (3) deployed such capability.
SEC. 1058. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DESTRUCTION OF 
                          CERTAIN LANDMINES AND REPORT ON 
                          DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE POLICY AND 
                          INVENTORY OF ANTI-PERSONNEL LANDMINE 
                          MUNITIONS.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided under subsection (b), none of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2016 for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated or expended for the destruction of anti-personnel landmine 
munitions before the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the 
report required by subsection (c).
    (b) Exception for Safety.--The limitation under subsection (a) shall 
not apply to any anti-personnel landmine munitions that the Secretary 
determines are unsafe or could pose a safety risk if not demilitarized 
or destroyed.

[[Page 129 STAT. 986]]

    (c) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after enactment of 
        this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a 
        report that includes each of the following:
                    (A) A description of the policy of the Department of 
                Defense regarding the use of anti-personnel landmines, 
                including methods for commanders to seek waivers to use 
                such munitions.
                    (B) A 10-year projection of the inventory levels for 
                all anti-personnel landmine munitions that takes into 
                account future production of anti-personnel landmine 
                munitions, any plans for demilitarization of such 
                munitions, the age of the munitions, storage and safety 
                considerations, and other factors that will impact the 
                size of the inventory.
                    (C) A 10-year projection for the cost to achieve the 
                inventory levels projected in subparagraph (B), 
                including the cost for potential demilitarization or 
                disposal of such munitions.
                    (D) A 10-year projection for the cost to develop and 
                produce new anti-personnel landmine munitions the 
                Secretary determines are necessary to meet the demands 
                of current operational plans.
                    (E) An assessment, by the Chairman of the Joint 
                Chiefs of Staff, of the effects of the projected anti-
                personnel landmine inventory on current operational 
                plans.
                    (F) Any other matters that the Secretary determines 
                should be included in the report.
            (2) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.

    (d) Anti-personnel Landmine Munitions Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``anti-personnel landmine munitions'' includes anti-personnel 
landmines and sub-munitions as defined by the Convention on the 
Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-
Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, as determined by the 
Secretary.
SEC. 1059. <<NOTE: 10 USC 371 note prec.>> DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                          AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE TO 
                          SECURE THE SOUTHERN LAND BORDER OF THE 
                          UNITED STATES.

    (a) Authority to Provide Assistance.--The Secretary of Defense may 
provide assistance to United States Customs and Border Protection for 
purposes of increasing ongoing efforts to secure the southern land 
border of the United States.
    (b) Concurrence in Assistance.--Assistance under subsection (a) 
shall be provided with the concurrence of the Secretary of Homeland 
Security.
    (c) Types of Assistance Authorized.--The assistance provided under 
subsection (a) may include the following:
            (1) Deployment of members and units of the regular and 
        reserve components of the Armed Forces to the southern land 
        border of the United States.
            (2) Deployment of manned aircraft, unmanned aerial 
        surveillance systems, and ground-based surveillance systems to 
        support continuous surveillance of the southern land border of 
        the United States.
            (3) Intelligence analysis support.

[[Page 129 STAT. 987]]

    (d) Materiel and Logistical Support.--The Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to deploy such materiel and equipment and logistics support 
as is necessary to ensure the effectiveness of assistance provided under 
subsection (a).
    (e) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense by this Act, the Secretary of Defense may use up 
to $75,000,000 to provide assistance under subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--At the end of each three-month period during which 
assistance is provided under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees, the Committee on Homeland Security 
of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security 
and Government Affairs of the Senate a report on the provision of such 
assistance during that period. Each report shall include, for the period 
covered by the report, the following:
            (1) A description of the assistance provided.
            (2) A description of the sources and amounts of funds used 
        to provide such assistance.
            (3) A description of the amounts obligated to provide such 
        assistance.
            (4) An assessment of the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of 
        such assistance in support of the Department of Homeland 
        Security's objectives and strategy to address the challenges on 
        the southern land border of the United States and 
        recommendations, if any, to enhance the effectiveness of such 
        assistance.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1060. PROVISION OF DEFENSE PLANNING GUIDANCE AND CONTINGENCY 
                          PLANNING GUIDANCE INFORMATION TO 
                          CONGRESS.

    (a) In General.--Section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) At the time of the budget submission by the President for a 
fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget 
materials submitted to Congress for that year summaries of the guidance 
developed under paragraphs (1) and (2), as well as summaries of any 
plans developed in accordance with the guidance developed under 
paragraph (2). Such summaries shall be sufficient to allow the 
congressional defense committees to evaluate fully the requirements for 
military forces, acquisition programs, and operation and maintenance 
funding in the President's annual budget request for the Department of 
Defense.''.
    (b) Report Required.--Notwithstanding the requirement under 
paragraph (3) of section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a), that the Secretary of Defense submit summaries 
under that paragraph at the time of the President's annual budget 
submission, by not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing--
            (1) summaries of the guidance developed under paragraphs (1) 
        and (2) of subsection (g) of section 113 of title 10, United 
        States Code; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 988]]

            (2) summaries of any plans developed in accordance with the 
        guidance developed under paragraph (2) of such subsection.
SEC. 1061. EXPEDITED MEETINGS OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON THE 
                          FUTURE OF THE ARMY.

    Section 1702(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3665) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new sentence: ``Section 10 of the Federal Advisory 
Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App. I) shall not apply to a meeting of the 
Commission unless the meeting is attended by five or more members of the 
Commission.''.
SEC. 1062. MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN REPORTS SUBMITTED BY 
                          COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED 
                          STATES.

    (a) Report on NNSA Budget Requests.--Section 3255(a)(2) of the 
National Nuclear Security Administration Act (50 U.S.C. 2455(a)(2)) is 
amended by inserting before ``, the Comptroller General'' the following: 
``in an even-numbered year, and not later than 150 days after the date 
on which the Administrator submits such materials in an odd-numbered 
year''.
    (b) Report on Environmental Management.--Section 3134 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-
84; 123 Stat. 2713), as amended by section 3134(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 2193), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``a series of three 
        reviews, as described in subsections (b), (c), and (d),'' and 
        inserting ``reviews as described in subsections (b) and (c)'';
            (2) by striking subsection (d); and
            (3) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 1063. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE GEOGRAPHICALLY 
                          DISTRIBUTED FORCE LAYDOWN IN THE AREA OF 
                          RESPONSIBILITY OF UNITED STATES PACIFIC 
                          COMMAND.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2016, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Commander of the United States Pacific 
Command, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on Department of Defense plans for implementing the geographically 
distributed force laydown in the area of responsibility of United States 
Pacific Command.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) A description of the force laydown.
            (2) A discussion of how the force laydown affects the 
        operational and contingency plans in the area of responsibility 
        of United States Pacific Command, including a discussion on how 
        timeliness, availability of forces, and risk in meeting the 
        military objectives contained in those plans are affected.
            (3) A discussion of the specific support asset requirements 
        derived from the force laydown, including logistical 
        sustainment, pre-positioned stocks, sea and air lift and, 
        command and control.
            (4) A discussion of the specific infrastructure and military 
        construction requirements derived from the force laydown.
            (5) A discussion on how Department of Defense plans to meet 
        the requirements identified in paragraphs (3) and (4), including 
        the ability of United States Transportation Command,

[[Page 129 STAT. 989]]

        the United States Combat Logistics Force, and the Armed Forces 
        to meet those requirements.
            (6) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines to 
        be appropriate.

    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1064. INDEPENDENT STUDY OF NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY 
                          FORMULATION PROCESS.

    (a) Requirement for Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter 
into a contract with an independent research entity described in 
subsection (c) to carry out a comprehensive study of the role of the 
Department of Defense in the formulation of national security strategy.
    (b) Matters Covered.--The study required by subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) Several case studies of the role of the Department of 
        Defense and its process for the formulation of previous national 
        security strategies in place throughout the history of the 
        United States, with specific emphasis on the development and 
        execution of previous strategies, as well as the factors that 
        contributed to the development and execution of successful 
        previous strategies with specific emphasis on--
                    (A) the frequency of strategy updates;
                    (B) the synchronization of timelines and content 
                among different strategies;
                    (C) the prioritization of objectives;
                    (D) the assignment of roles and responsibilities 
                among relevant agencies;
                    (E) the links between strategy and resourcing;
                    (F) the implementation of strategy within the 
                planning documents of relevant agencies;
                    (G) the value of a competition of ideas; and
                    (H) recommendations for the executive and 
                legislative branches on the best practices and 
                organizational lessons learned for enabling the 
                Department of Defense to formulate long-term defense 
                strategy.
            (2) A complete review and analysis of the current national 
        security strategy formulation process, as it relates to the 
        Department of Defense, including an analysis of the following:
                    (A) All major Government products and documents of 
                national security strategy relevant to the Department of 
                Defense and how they fit together, including--
                          (i) the National Military Strategy prepared by 
                      the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under 
                      section 153(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code;
                          (ii) the most recent quadrennial defense 
                      review conducted by the Secretary of Defense 
                      pursuant to section 118 of title 10, United States 
                      Code;
                          (iii) the national security strategy report 
                      required under section 108 of the National 
                      Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043); and
                          (iv) any other relevant national security 
                      strategy products and documents.
                    (B) The time periods during which the products and 
                documents covered by subparagraph (A) are prepared and 
                published, and how they fit together.

[[Page 129 STAT. 990]]

                    (C) The interaction between the White House and the 
                agencies that develop such products and documents and 
                formulate strategy.
                    (D) All the current entities in the Federal 
                Government that contribute to the national security 
                strategy formulation process and how they fit together.

    (c) Independent Research Entity.--The entity described in this 
subsection is an independent research entity that is a not-for-profit 
entity or a federally funded research and development center with 
appropriate expertise and analytical capability.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the independent research entity shall provide to 
the Secretary a report on the results of the study. Not later than 90 
days after receipt of the report, the Secretary shall submit such 
report, together with any additional views or recommendations of the 
Secretary, to the congressional defense committees.
SEC. 1065. REPORT ON THE STATUS OF DETECTION, IDENTIFICATION, AND 
                          DISABLEMENT CAPABILITIES RELATED TO 
                          REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.

    Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report addressing the suitability of existing capabilities 
to detect, identify, and disable remotely piloted aircraft operating 
within special use and restricted airspace. The report shall include the 
following:
            (1) An assessment of the degree to which existing 
        capabilities to detect, identify, and potentially disable 
        remotely piloted aircraft within special use and restricted 
        airspace are able to be deployed and combat prevailing threats.
            (2) An assessment of existing gaps in capabilities related 
        to the detection, identification, or disablement of remotely 
        piloted aircraft within special use and restricted airspace.
            (3) A plan that outlines the extent to which existing 
        research and development programs within the Department of 
        Defense can be leveraged to fill identified capability gaps and/
        or the need to establish new programs to address such gaps as 
        are identified pursuant to paragraph (2).
SEC. 1066. REPORT ON OPTIONS TO ACCELERATE THE TRAINING OF PILOTS 
                          OF REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.

    Not later than February 1, 2016, the Secretary of the Air Force 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report addressing 
the immediate and critical training and operational needs of the 
remotely piloted aircraft community. The report shall include the 
following:
            (1) An assessment of the viability of using non-rated, 
        civilian, contractor, or enlisted pilots to execute remotely 
        piloted aircraft missions.
            (2) An assessment of the availability and existing 
        utilization of special use airspace available for remotely 
        piloted aircraft training and a plan for accessing additional 
        special use airspace in order to meet anticipated training 
        requirements for remotely piloted aircraft.
            (3) A comprehensive training plan aimed at increasing the 
        throughput of undergraduate remotely piloted aircraft training 
        without sacrificing quality and standards.

[[Page 129 STAT. 991]]

            (4) Establishment of an optimum ratio for the mix of 
        training airframes to operational airframes in the remotely 
        piloted aircraft inventory necessary to achieve manning 
        requirements for pilots and sensor operators and, to the extent 
        practicable, a plan for fielding additional remotely piloted 
        aircraft airframes at the formal training units in the active, 
        National Guard, and reserve components in accordance with 
        optimum ratios for MQ-9 and Global Hawk remotely piloted 
        aircraft.
            (5) Establishment of optimum and minimum crew ratios to 
        combat air patrols taking into account all tasks remotely 
        piloted aircraft units execute and, to the extent practicable, a 
        plan for conducting missions in accordance with optimum ratios.
            (6) Identification of any resource, legislative, or 
        departmental policy challenges impeding the corrective action 
        needed to reach a sustainable remotely piloted aircraft 
        operations tempo.
            (7) An assessment, to the extent practicable, of the direct 
        and indirect impacts that the integration of remotely piloted 
        aircraft into the national airspace system has on the ability to 
        generate remotely piloted aircraft crews.
            (8) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.
SEC. 1067. STUDIES OF FLEET PLATFORM ARCHITECTURES FOR THE NAVY.

    (a) Independent Studies.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for 
        the performance of three independent studies of alternative 
        future fleet platform architectures for the Navy in the 2030 
        timeframe.
            (2) Submission to congress.--Not later than April 1, 2016, 
        the Secretary shall submit the results of each study to the 
        congressional defense committees.
            (3) Form.--Each such study shall be submitted in 
        unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex as 
        necessary.

    (b) Entities to Perform Studies.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide for the studies under subsection (a) to be performed as follows:
            (1) One study shall be performed by the Department of the 
        Navy and shall include participants from--
                    (A) the Office of Net Assessment within the Office 
                of the Secretary of Defense; and
                    (B) the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren 
                Division.
            (2) The second study shall be performed by a federally 
        funded research and development center.
            (3) The final study shall be conducted by an independent, 
        non-governmental institute which is described in section 
        501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and exempt from 
        tax under section 501(a) of such Code, and has recognized 
        credentials and expertise in national security and military 
        affairs.

    (c) Performance of Studies.--
            (1) Independent performance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        require the three studies under this section to be conducted 
        independently of each other.

[[Page 129 STAT. 992]]

            (2) Matters to be considered.--In performing a study under 
        this section, the organization performing the study, while being 
        aware of the current and projected fleet platform architectures, 
        shall not be limited by the current or projected fleet platform 
        architecture and shall consider the following matters:
                    (A) The National Security Strategy of the United 
                States.
                    (B) Potential future threats to the United States 
                and to United States naval forces in the 2030 timeframe.
                    (C) Traditional roles and missions of United States 
                naval forces.
                    (D) Alternative roles and missions for United States 
                naval forces.
                    (E) Other government and non-government analyses 
                that would contribute to the study through variations in 
                study assumptions or potential scenarios.
                    (F) The role of evolving technology on future naval 
                forces, including unmanned systems.
                    (G) Opportunities for reduced operation and 
                sustainment costs.
                    (H) Current and projected capabilities of other 
                United States armed forces that could affect force 
                structure capability and capacity requirements of United 
                States naval forces.

    (d) Study Results.--The results of each study under this section 
shall--
            (1) present the alternative fleet platform architectures 
        considered, with assumptions and possible scenarios identified 
        for each;
            (2) provide for presentation of minority views of study 
        participants; and
            (3) for the recommended architecture, provide--
                    (A) the numbers, kinds, and sizes of vessels, the 
                numbers and types of associated manned and unmanned 
                vehicles, and the basic capabilities of each of those 
                platforms;
                    (B) other information needed to understand that 
                architecture in basic form and the supporting analysis;
                    (C) deviations from the current Annual Long-Range 
                Plan for Construction of Naval Vessels required under 
                section 231 of title 10, United States Code;
                    (D) options to address ship classes that begin 
                decommissioning prior to 2035; and
                    (E) implications for naval aviation, including the 
                future carrier air wing and land-based aviation 
                platforms.
SEC. 1068. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO PROTECT UNITED STATES NATIONAL 
                          SECURITY INTERESTS IN THE ARCTIC REGION.

    (a) Report on Strategy Required.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that sets forth an 
updated military strategy for the protection of United States national 
security interests in the Arctic region.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) A description of United States military interests in the 
        Arctic region.

[[Page 129 STAT. 993]]

            (2) A description of operational plans and military 
        requirements for the protection of United States national 
        security interests in the Arctic region, including United States 
        citizens, territory, freedom of navigation, and economic and 
        trade interests.
            (3) An identification of any operational seams and a plan to 
        enhance unity of effort among the combatant commands with 
        responsibility for the Arctic region, as well as among the Armed 
        Forces.
            (4) A description of the security environment in the Arctic 
        region, including the activities of foreign nations operating 
        within the Arctic region.
            (5) A description of United States military capabilities 
        required to implement the strategy required by subsection (a).
            (6) An identification of any capability gaps and resource 
        gaps, including in installations, infrastructure, communications 
        and domain awareness, and personnel in the Arctic region, that 
        would impact the implementation of the strategy required by 
        subsection (a) or the execution of any associated operational 
        plan, and a mitigation plan to address such gaps.
            (7) An assessment of military-to-military cooperation with 
        partner nations that have mutual security interests in the 
        Arctic region, including opportunities for sharing installations 
        and maintenance facilities.

    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1069. COMPTROLLER GENERAL BRIEFING AND REPORT ON MAJOR 
                          MEDICAL FACILITY PROJECTS OF DEPARTMENT 
                          OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

    (a) Briefing.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall provide to the appropriate committees of Congress a briefing on 
the administration and oversight by the Department of Veterans Affairs 
of contracts for the design and construction of major medical facility 
projects, as defined in section 8104(a)(3)(A) of title 38, United States 
Code.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the appropriate 
committees of Congress a report on the administration and oversight 
described in subsection (a).
    (c) Elements.--The briefing required by subsection (a) and the 
report required by subsection (b) shall each include an examination of 
the following:
            (1) The processes used by the Department for overseeing and 
        assuring the performance of construction design and construction 
        contracts for major medical facility projects, as so defined.
            (2) Any actions taken by the Department to improve the 
        administration of such contracts.
            (3) Such opportunities for further improvement of the 
        administration of such contracts as the Comptroller General 
        considers appropriate.

    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Subcommittee 
        on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and

[[Page 129 STAT. 994]]

        Related Agencies of the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the Subcommittee 
        on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies 
        of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives.
SEC. 1070. SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS OF MUNITIONS ASSESSMENTS.

    (a) Required Reports.--Not later than March 1, 2016, and annually 
thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees each of the following:
            (1) The most current munitions assessments, as defined by 
        Department of Defense Instruction Number 3000.04, relating to 
        the Department of Defense munitions process.
            (2) The most current sufficiency assessments, as defined by 
        such Department of Defense Instruction.
            (3) The most current approved memorandum of the Joint 
        Requirements Oversight Council resulting from the munitions 
        requirements process.

    (b) Sunset.--The requirement to submit reports and assessments under 
this section shall terminate on the date that is two years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1071. POTENTIAL ROLE FOR UNITED STATES GROUND FORCES IN THE 
                          WESTERN PACIFIC THEATER.

    (a) General Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and the Chairman 
        of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall jointly conduct a 
        comprehensive assessment of potential roles for United States 
        ground forces in the western Pacific in cooperation with host 
        nations to deter and defeat aggression in the western Pacific 
        region.
            (2) Capabilities to be examined.--The Secretary and the 
        Chairman shall assess the feasibility and potential 
        effectiveness of mobile United States ground forces operating 
        jointly to facilitate--
                    (A) anti-access and area-denial capabilities in 
                contested sea lanes and airspace;
                    (B) air defense capabilities;
                    (C) electronic countermeasures capabilities;
                    (D) command, control, communications, and logistics 
                capabilities;
                    (E) littoral defenses; and
                    (F) any other capabilities the Secretary and 
                Chairman determine to be appropriate.

    (b) Completion Date.--The assessment required by this section shall 
be completed by not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    (c) Briefing of Congress.--Upon the completion of the assessments 
required by this section, the Secretary and the Chairman shall provide a 
briefing on the assessment to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives.
SEC. 1072. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO 
                          MILITARY PERSONNEL ISSUES.

    (a) Report on Foreign Language Proficiency Incentive Pay.--Section 
316a of title 37, United States Code, as amended by section 615(5) of 
this Act, is amended--

[[Page 129 STAT. 995]]

            (1) by striking subsection (f); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).

    (b) Report on Use of Waiver Authority for Military Service Academy 
Appointments.--Section 553 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 4346 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).

    (c) Report on Increase in Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
Units.--Subsection (e) of section 548 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 
Stat. 4466) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2031 note.>> is repealed.

    (d) Report on Implementation of Yellow Ribbon Reintegration 
Program.--
            (1) Reporting requirement.--Section 582(e) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
        181; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended by striking paragraph (4).
            (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 597 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
        U.S.C. 10101 note) is repealed.

    (e) Report on Standards of Facilities.--Section 1648 of the Wounded 
Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is 
amended by striking subsection (f).
    (f) Report on Inspections of Facilities.--Section 1662 of the 
Wounded Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) Required Inspections of Facil-
        ities.--''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).

    (g) Report on Inspections of Other Facilities.--Section 3307 of the 
U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq 
Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007 (Public Law 110-28; 10 U.S.C. 
1073 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).

    (h) Report on Local Educational Agency Assistance Related to DOD 
Activities.--Section 574 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 20 U.S.C. 
7703b note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively.
SEC. 1073. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATING 
                          TO READINESS.

    (a) Biannual Reports on Allocation of Funds Within Operation and 
Maintenance Budget Subactivities.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking section 228.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 221 prec.>> amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 228.

    (b) Annual Report on Naval Petroleum Reserves.--Section 7431 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (c).

[[Page 129 STAT. 996]]

    (c) Annual Report on Army National Guard Combat Readiness.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 1013 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is <<NOTE: 10 USC 10541 prec.>> amended by striking 
        section 10542.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 10542.

    (d) GAO Report on In-kind Payments.--Section 2805 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 2149) is repealed.
    (e) Insider Threat Detection Budget Submission.--Section 922 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-
81; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) is amended by striking subsection (f).
    (f) Price Trend Analysis.--Section 892 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
U.S.C. 2306a) is repealed.
    (g) Report on Authority for Airlift Transportation at Department of 
Defense Rates for Non-Department of Defense Federal Cargoes.--Section 
351 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
(Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2262) is amended by striking subsection 
(b).
    (h) Biennial Report on Procurement of Military Working Dogs.--
Section 358 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).

    (i) Report on Foreign Language Proficiency.--Section 958 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
181; 122 Stat. 297) is repealed.
    (j) Report on Arsenal Support Program Initiative.--Section 343 of 
the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 10 U.S.C. 4551 note) is 
amended by striking subsection (g).
    (k) GAO Review of Contractor-operated Civil Engineering Supply 
Stores Program.--Section 345 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 112 Stat. 
1978) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
SEC. 1074. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO 
                          NAVAL VESSELS AND MERCHANT MARINE.

    (a) Report on Naming of Naval Vessels.--Section 7292 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (b) Report on Transfer of Vessels Stricken From Naval Vessel 
Register.--Section 7306 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively.

    (c) Annual Report of Maritime Administration.--
            (1) Elimination of report and revision of remaining 
        requirement.--Section 50111 of title 46, United States Code, is 
        amended to read as follows:

[[Page 129 STAT. 997]]

``Sec. 50111. Submission of annual MARAD authorization request

    ``(a) Submission of Legislative Proposal.--Not later than 30 days 
after the date on which the President submits to Congress a budget for a 
fiscal year pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, the Secretary of 
Transportation shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
Transportation of the Senate the Maritime Administration authorization 
request for that fiscal year.
    ``(b) Maritime Administration Request Defined.--In this section, the 
term `Maritime Administration authorization request' means a proposal 
for legislation that, for a fiscal year--
            ``(1) recommends authorizations of appropriations for the 
        Maritime Administration for that fiscal year, including with 
        respect to matters described in subsection 109(j) of title 49 or 
        authorized in subtitle V of this title; and
            ``(2) addresses any other matter with respect to the 
        Maritime Administration that the Secretary determines is 
        appropriate.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 501 of title 46, United States 
        Code, <<NOTE: 46 USC 50101 prec.>> is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 50111 and inserting the following new 
        item:

``50111. Submission of annual MARAD authorization request.''.

    (d) Discretionary Report No Longer Needed.--The Secretary of the 
Navy is not required to submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report, or updates to such a report, on open architecture as described 
in Senate Report 110-077.
SEC. 1075. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO 
                          CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

    (a) Report on Pilot Program for Exchange of Information Technology 
Personnel.--Section 1110 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; <<NOTE: 5 USC 3702 note.>> 123 
Stat. 2493) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (i);
            (2) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (i); and
            (3) in subsection (i), as so redesignated, by striking 
        paragraph (2) and inserting the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) any employee whose assignment is allowed to continue 
        by virtue of paragraph (1) shall be taken into account for 
        purposes of the numerical limitation under subsection (h).''.

    (b) Report on Experimental Program for Scientific and Technical 
Personnel.--Section 1101 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; <<NOTE: 5 
USC 3104 note.>> 112 Stat. 2139) is amended by striking subsection (g).
SEC. 1076. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO 
                          NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND RELATED 
                          MATTERS.

    (a) Report on Nuclear Weapons Council.--Section 179 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (g).

[[Page 129 STAT. 998]]

    (b) Report on Proliferation Security Initiative.--Section 1821(b) of 
the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007 (50 
U.S.C. 2911(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1) In General.--''; and
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3).

    (c) Briefings on Dialogue Between United States and Russian 
Federation on Nuclear Arms.--Section 1282 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
2034; 22 U.S.C. 5951 note) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``briefings on 
        dialogue'' and inserting ``sense of congress on agreements'';
            (2) by striking subsection (a);
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``(b) Sense of Congress 
        on Certain Agreements.--''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (c).

    (d) Implementation Plan for Whole-of-government Vision Prescribed in 
the National Security Strategy.--Section 1072 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 
1592; 50 U.S.C. 3043 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
SEC. 1077. REPEAL OR REVISION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO 
                          ACQUISITION.

    (a) Report on Cost Assessment Activities.--Section 2334 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (f); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).

    (b) Report on Performance Assessments and Root Cause Analyses.--
Section 2438 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (f).
SEC. 1078. REPEAL OR REVISION OF MISCELLANEOUS REPORTING 
                          REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Report on Technological Maturity and Integration Risk of 
Critical Technologies.--Section 138(b)(8) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (B);
            (2) by striking ``shall--'' and all that follows through 
        ``assess the technological maturity'' and inserting ``shall 
        periodically review and assess the technological maturity''; and
            (3) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period.

    (b) Report on Systems Engineering.--Section 139b(d) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
            (3) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``or (2)'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``systems 
                engineering master plans and'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``, systems 
                engineering master plans,'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (C); by striking ``systems 
                engineering, development planning,'' and inserting 
                ``development planning''; and
                    (E) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                subparagraph (F);

[[Page 129 STAT. 999]]

            (4) by transferring subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph 
        (4) to the end of paragraph (2), as so redesignated, and 
        redesignating those subparagraphs as subparagraphs (D) and (E), 
        respectively; and
            (5) by striking paragraph (4).

    (c) Report on DARPA.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 2352 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
        Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 prec.>> is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 2352.

    (d) Reports on Status of Navy Next Generation Enterprise Networks 
Program.--Section 1034 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4593) is repealed.
SEC. 1079. REPEAL OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Annual Report on Prizes for Advanced Technology Achievements.--
Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (e); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).

    (b) Annual Impact Statement on Number of Members in Integrated 
Disability Evaluation System on Readiness Requirements.--Section 528 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat. 1725) is repealed.
    (c) Report on Task Force for Business and Stability Operations in 
Afghanistan.--Section 1535(a) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 
4426) is amended by striking paragraph (6).
    (d) Reports Under Public Law 110-417.--
            (1) Mitigation of power outage risks for department of 
        defense facilities and activities.--Section 335 of the Duncan 
        Hunter Nation Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
        (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4422; 10 U.S.C. 2911 note) is 
        amended by striking subsection (c).
            (2) Annual reports on center of excellence on traumatic 
        extremity injuries and amputations.--Section 723 of the Duncan 
        Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
        (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4508) <<NOTE: 38 USC 7327 
        note.>> is amended by striking (d).

    (e) Biennial Update of Strategic Management Plan.--Section 904(d) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181; 122 Stat. 275) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2201 note prec.>> is amended by 
striking paragraph (3).

    (f) Roadmaps and Reports on Hypersonics Development.--Section 218 of 
the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 
(Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (4); and
            (2) by striking subsection (f).

    (g) Reports on Annual Review of Roles and Missions of the Reserve 
Components.--Section 513(h) of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005

[[Page 129 STAT. 1000]]

(Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 1882; 10 U.S.C. 10101 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).

    (h) Annual Submittal of Information Regarding Information Technology 
Capital Assets.--Section 351 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 
221 note) is hereby repealed.
SEC. 1080. <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 note.>> TERMINATION OF REQUIREMENT 
                          FOR SUBMITTAL TO CONGRESS OF REPORTS 
                          REQUIRED OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BY 
                          STATUTE.

    (a) Termination.--Effective on the date that is two years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, each report described in subsection 
(b) that is still required to be submitted to Congress as of such 
effective date shall no longer be required to be submitted to Congress.
    (b) Covered Reports.--A report described in this subsection is a 
report that is required to be submitted to Congress by the Department of 
Defense, or by any officer, official, component, or element of the 
Department, by any annual national defense authorization Act as of April 
1, 2015.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than February 1, 2016, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes each of the following:
            (1) A list of all reports described in subsection (b).
            (2) For each such report, a citation to the provision of law 
        under which the report is required to be submitted.
            (3) Draft legislation that would repeal each such report.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 1081. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Amendments To Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United 
States Code, is <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 prec.>> amended as follows:
            (1) The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, 
        and at the beginning of part I of such subtitle, are each 
        amended by striking the item relating to chapter 19 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``19. Cyber Matters...............................................391''.

            (2) The heading of section 130e is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 130e. Treatment under Freedom of Information Act of certain 
                  critical infrastructure security information''.
            (3) The heading of section 153(a)(5) is amended to read as 
        follows: ``Joint Force Development Activities.--''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1001]]

            (4) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 19 
        is <<NOTE: 10 USC 391 prec.>> amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 391 and inserting the following new item:

``391. Reporting on cyber incidents with respect to networks and 
           information systems of operationally critical contractors and 
           certain other contractors.''.

            (5) The table of sections at the beginning of subchapter I 
        of chapter 21 is <<NOTE: 10 USC 421 prec.>> amended by inserting 
        after the item relating to section 429 the following new item:

``430. Tactical Exploitation of National Capabilities Executive 
           Agent.''.

            (6) Section 2006a(a) is amended by striking ``August, 1'' 
        and inserting ``August 1''.
            (7) Sections 2222(j)(5), 2223(c)(3), and 2315 are each 
        amended by striking ``section 3552(b)(5)'' and inserting 
        ``section 3552(b)(6)''.
            (8) Section 2229(d)(1) is amended by striking 
        ``certification in writing'' and inserting ``a certification in 
        writing''.
            (9) Section 2679, as transferred, redesignated, and amended 
        by section 351 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3346), is 
        amended in subsection (a)(1) by striking ``with'' before ``, on 
        a sole source''.
            (10) Section 2684(d)(1) is amended by striking ``section 
        2023.01 of title 54'' and inserting ``section 302101 of title 
        54''.
            (11) Section 2687a(d)(2) is amended by inserting ``fair 
        market'' before ``value''.
            (12) Section 2926, as added and amended by section 901(g) of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
        (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3464), is amended in subsections 
        (a), (b), (c), and (d) by striking ``for Installations, 
        Energy,'' each place it appears and inserting ``for Energy, 
        Installations,''.
            (13) Section 9314a(b) is amended by striking ``only so long 
        at'' and inserting ``only so long as''.

    (b) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2015. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2679 note.>> --Effective as of December 19, 2014, 
and as if included therein as enacted, the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291) is amended 
as follows:
            (1) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2679.>> Section 351(b)(1) (128 Stat. 
        3346) is amended by striking the period at the end of 
        subparagraph (C) and inserting ``; and''.
            (2) Section 901(g)(1)(F) (128 Stat. 3465) <<NOTE: 10 USC 
        2926.>> is amended by inserting ``paragraph (4) of'' before 
        ``subsection (b) of section 2926''.
            (3) Section 1072(a)(2) (128 Stat. 3516) <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 
        prec.>> is amended by inserting ``in the table of sections'' 
        before ``at the beginning of''.
            (4) Section 1079(a)(1) (128 Stat. 3521) <<NOTE: 38 USC 2101 
        note.>> is amended by striking ``section 12102 of title 42, 
        United States Code'' and inserting ``section 3 of the Americans 
        with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102)''.
            (5) Section 1104(b)(2) (128 Stat. 3526) <<NOTE: 5 USC 3104 
        note.>> is amended by striking ``paragraph (2)'' and inserting 
        ``paragraph (1)(A)''.
            (6) Section 1208 (128 Stat. 3541) is amended by striking 
        ``of Fiscal Year'' each place it appears and inserting ``for 
        Fiscal Year''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1002]]

            (7) Section 2803(a) (128 Stat. 3696) <<NOTE: 10 USC 
        2687.>> is amended in paragraph (2) of the subsection (f) being 
        added by the amendment to be made by that section by inserting 
        ``section'' before ``1105 of title 31''.
            (8) Section 2832(c)(3) (128 Stat. 3704) is amended by 
        striking ``United State Code'' and inserting ``United States 
        Code''.

    (c) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009.--
Section 943(d)(1) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4578) by 
striking the second period at the end of the first sentence.
    (d) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005.--
Section 1208(f)(2) of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 
2086), as amended by section 1202(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 
363) and section 1202(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat 2512), is further 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating the paragraphs (1) through (8) added by 
        section 1202(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat 2512) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (H), respectively; and
            (2) by moving the margins of such subparagraphs, as so 
        redesignated, two ems to the right.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 note.>> Coordination With Other Amendments 
Made by This Act.--For purposes of applying amendments made by 
provisions of this Act other than this section, the amendments made by 
this section shall be treated as having been enacted immediately before 
any such amendments by other provisions of this Act.
SEC. 1082. SITUATIONS INVOLVING BOMBINGS OF PLACES OF PUBLIC USE, 
                          GOVERNMENT FACILITIES, PUBLIC 
                          TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, AND 
                          INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 18 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 383. <<NOTE: 10 USC 383.>> Situations involving bombings of 
                places of public use, Government facilities, 
                public transportation systems, and infrastructure 
                facilities

    ``(a) In General.--Upon the request of the Attorney General, the 
Secretary of Defense may provide assistance in support of Department of 
Justice activities related to the enforcement of section 2332f of title 
18 during situations involving bombings of places of public use, 
Government facilities, public transportation systems, and infrastructure 
facilities.
    ``(b) Rendering-safe Support.--Military explosive ordnance disposal 
units providing rendering-safe support to Department of Justice 
activities relating to the enforcement of section 175, 229, or 2332a of 
title 18 in emergency situations involving weapons of mass destruction 
shall provide such support in a manner consistent with the provisions of 
section 382 of this title.
    ``(c) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense and the Attorney 
General shall jointly prescribe regulations concerning the types of 
assistance that may be provided under this section. Such regulations 
shall also describe the actions that Department of

[[Page 129 STAT. 1003]]

Defense personnel may take in circumstances incident to the provision of 
assistance under this section.
    ``(2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the regulations 
prescribed under paragraph (1) may not authorize any of the following 
actions:
            ``(i) Arrest.
            ``(ii) Any direct participation in conducting a search for 
        or seizure of evidence related to a violation of section 175, 
        229, or 2332a of title 18.
            ``(iii) Any direct participation in the collection of 
        intelligence for law enforcement purposes.

    ``(B) Such regulations may authorize an action described in 
subparagraph (A) to be taken under the following conditions:
            ``(i) The action is considered necessary for the immediate 
        protection of human life, and civilian law enforcement officials 
        are not capable of taking the action.
            ``(ii) The action is otherwise authorized under subsection 
        (a) or under otherwise applicable law.

    ``(d) Explosive Ordnance Defined.--The term `explosive ordnance'--
            ``(1) means--
                    ``(A) bombs and warheads;
                    ``(B) guided and ballistic missiles;
                    ``(C) artillery, mortar, rocket, and small arms 
                ammunition;
                    ``(D) all mines, torpedoes, and depth charges;
                    ``(E) grenades demolition charges;
                    ``(F) pyrotechnics;
                    ``(G) clusters and dispensers;
                    ``(H) cartridge- and propellant- actuated devices;
                    ``(I) electroexplosives devices;
                    ``(J) clandestine and improvised explosive devices; 
                and
                    ``(K) all similar or related items or components 
                explosive in nature; and
            ``(2) includes all munitions containing explosives, 
        propellants, nuclear fission or fusion materials, and biological 
        and chemical agents.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 371 prec.>> amended by adding at the end 
the following new item:

``383. Situations involving bombings of places of public use, Government 
           facilities, public transportation systems, and infrastructure 
           facilities.''.

SEC. 1083. EXECUTIVE AGENT FOR THE OVERSIGHT AND MANAGEMENT OF 
                          ALTERNATIVE COMPENSATORY CONTROL 
                          MEASURES.

    (a) Executive Agent.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter I of chapter 21 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by adding at the end of the 
        following new section:
``Sec. 430a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 430a.>> Executive agent for management 
                  and oversight of alternative compensatory 
                  control measures

    ``(a) Executive Agent.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate a 
senior official from among the personnel of the Department of Defense to 
act as the Department of Defense executive agent

[[Page 129 STAT. 1004]]

for the management and oversight of alternative compensatory control 
measures.
    ``(b) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--The Secretary shall 
prescribe the roles, responsibilities, and authorities of the executive 
agent designated under subsection (a). Such roles, responsibilities, and 
authorities shall include the development of an annual management and 
oversight plan for Department-wide accountability and reporting to the 
congressional defense committees.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter I of such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 421 
        prec.>> amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``430a. Executive agent for management and oversight of alternative 
           compensatory control measures.''.

    (b) Reports.--Not later than 30 days after the close of each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the oversight and 
management of alternative compensatory control measures. Each such 
report shall include--
            (1) the annual management and oversight plan required under 
        section 430a(b) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a);
            (2) a discussion of the scope and number of alternative 
        compensatory control measures in effect;
            (3) a brief description of each alternative compensatory 
        control measures program and of the number of individuals with 
        access to such program; and
            (4) any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 1084. NAVY SUPPORT OF OCEAN RESEARCH ADVISORY PANEL.

    Section 7903 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (c).
SEC. 1085. <<NOTE: 10 USC 9517 note.>> LEVEL OF READINESS OF CIVIL 
                          RESERVE AIR FLEET CARRIERS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The National Airlift Policy states that ``[t]he national 
        defense airlift objective is to ensure that military and civil 
        airlift resources will be able to meet defense mobilization and 
        deployment requirements in support of US defense and foreign 
        policies.''.
            (2) The National Airlift Policy also emphasizes the need for 
        ``dialogue and cooperation with our national aviation 
        industry,'' and it states that ``[i]t is of particular 
        importance that the aviation industry be apprised by the 
        Department of Defense of long-term requirements for airlift in 
        support of national defense.''.
            (3) The National Airlift Policy emphasizes the importance of 
        both military and civil airlift resources and their 
        interdependence in the fulfillment of the national defense 
        airlift objective, and it states that the ``Department of 
        Defense shall establish appropriate levels for peacetime cargo 
        airlift augmentation in order to promote the effectiveness of 
        Civil Reserve Air Fleet and provide training within the military 
        airlift system.''.
            (4) Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers continue to be an 
        important component of the military airlift system in support of 
        United States defense and foreign policies.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1005]]

    (b) Level of Readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet Carriers.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 931 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 9517. <<NOTE: 10 USC 9517.>> Level of readiness of Civil 
                  Reserve Air Fleet carriers

    ``The Civil Reserve Air Fleet program is an important component of 
the military airlift system in support of United States defense and 
foreign policies, and it is the policy of the United States to maintain 
the readiness and interoperability of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers 
by providing appropriate levels of peacetime airlift augmentation to 
maintain networks and infrastructure, exercise the system, and interface 
effectively within the military airlift system.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is <<NOTE: 10 USC 9511 prec.>> amended 
        by adding at the end the following new item:

``9517. Level of Readiness of Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers.''.

            (3) Definition of civil reserve air fleet program.--Section 
        9511 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(12) The term `Civil Reserve Air Fleet program' means the 
        program developed by the Department of Defense through which the 
        Department of Defense augments its airlift capability by use of 
        civil aircraft.''.

    (c) Report Requirement.--On the day the President submits the budget 
to Congress for each of fiscal years 2017 and 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress a report that sets forth, for each 
fiscal year during the period covered by the current future-years 
defense program under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, each 
of the following, expressed separately for passenger and cargo airlift 
services:
            (1) The results (including analytical and justification 
        materials) of an assessment, conducted in consultation with the 
        Civil Reserve Air Fleet carriers, of the level of commercial 
        airlift augmentation necessary to maintain the readiness and 
        interoperability of such carriers, maintain networks and 
        infrastructure, exercise the system, and facilitate the regular 
        interfacing between such carriers and the military airlift 
        system, which shall include--
                    (A) a projection of the number of block hours 
                necessary to achieve such levels of commercial airlift 
                augmentation;
                    (B) a strategic plan for achieving such level of 
                commercial airlift augmentation; and
                    (C) an explanation of any deviation from the 
                previous fiscal year's assessment of the projected 
                number of block hours under subparagraph (A).
            (2) A comparison (including analytical and justification 
        materials and explanations of any deviations) of the forecasted 
        number of block hours for each fiscal year of the period covered 
        by the report with the projected number of block hours under 
        paragraph (1)(A) for each such fiscal year.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1006]]

SEC. 1086. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1564 note.>> REFORM AND IMPROVEMENT OF 
                          PERSONNEL SECURITY, INSIDER THREAT 
                          DETECTION AND PREVENTION, AND PHYSICAL 
                          SECURITY.

    (a) Personnel Security and Insider Threat Protection in Department 
of Defense.--
            (1) Plans and schedules.--Consistent with the Memorandum of 
        the Secretary of Defense dated March 18, 2014, regarding the 
        recommendations of the reviews of the Washington Navy Yard 
        shooting, the Secretary of Defense shall develop plans and 
        schedules--
                    (A) to implement a continuous evaluation capability 
                for the national security population for which clearance 
                adjudications are conducted by the Department of Defense 
                Central Adjudication Facility, in coordination with the 
                heads of other relevant agencies;
                    (B) to produce a Department-wide insider threat 
                strategy and implementation plan, which includes--
                          (i) resourcing for the Defense Insider Threat 
                      Management and Analysis Center and component 
                      insider threat programs, and
                          (ii) alignment of insider threat protection 
                      programs with continuous evaluation capabilities 
                      and processes for personnel security;
                    (C) to centralize the authority, accountability, and 
                programmatic integration responsibilities, including 
                fiscal control, for personnel security and insider 
                threat protection under the Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Intelligence;
                    (D) to develop a defense security enterprise reform 
                investment strategy to ensure a consistent, long-term 
                focus on funding to strengthen all of the Department's 
                security and insider threat programs, policies, 
                functions, and information technology capabilities, 
                including detecting threat behaviors conveyed in the 
                cyber domain, in a manner that keeps pace with evolving 
                threats and risks;
                    (E) to resource and expedite deployment of the 
                Identity Management Enterprise Services Architecture; 
                and
                    (F) to implement the recommendations contained in 
                the study conducted by the Director of Cost Analysis and 
                Program Evaluation required by section 907 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
                (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1564 note), including, 
                specifically, the recommendations to centrally manage 
                and regulate Department of Defense requests for 
                personnel security background investigations.
            (2) Reporting requirement.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report 
        describing the plans and schedules required under paragraph (1).

    (b) Physical and Logical Access.--Not later than 270 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense shall define physical and 
        logical access standards, capabilities, and processes applicable 
        to all personnel with access to Department of Defense 
        installations and information technology systems, including--
                    (A) periodic or regularized background or records 
                checks appropriate to the type of physical or logical 
                access

[[Page 129 STAT. 1007]]

                involved, the security level, the category of 
                individuals authorized, and the level of access to be 
                granted;
                    (B) standards and methods for verifying the identity 
                of individuals seeking access; and
                    (C) electronic attribute-based access controls that 
                are appropriate for the type of access and facility or 
                information technology system involved;
            (2) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and 
        the Chair of the Performance Accountability Council, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of Defense, the Administrator of 
        General Services, and, when appropriate, the Director of 
        National Intelligence, and in consultation with representatives 
        from stakeholder organizations, shall design a capability to 
        share and apply electronic identity information across the 
        Government to enable real-time, risk-managed physical and 
        logical access decisions; and
            (3) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in 
        conjunction with the Director of the Office of Personnel 
        Management and in consultation with representatives from 
        stakeholder organizations, shall establish investigative and 
        adjudicative standards for the periodic or regularized 
        reevaluation of the eligibility of an individual to retain 
        credentials issued pursuant to Homeland Security Presidential 
        Directive 12 (dated August 27, 2004), as appropriate, but not 
        less frequently than the authorization period of the issued 
        credentials.

    (c) Security Enterprise Management.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget shall--
            (1) formalize the Security, Suitability, and Credentialing 
        Line of Business; and
            (2) submit to the appropriate congressional committee a 
        report that describes plans--
                    (A) for oversight by the Office of Management and 
                Budget of activities of the executive branch of the 
                Government for personnel security, suitability, and 
                credentialing;
                    (B) to designate enterprise shared services to 
                optimize investments;
                    (C) to define and implement data standards to 
                support common electronic access to critical Government 
                records; and
                    (D) to reduce the burden placed on Government data 
                providers by centralizing requests for records access 
                and ensuring proper sharing of the data with appropriate 
                investigative and adjudicative elements.

    (d) Reciprocity Management.--Not later than two years after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Chair of the Performance 
Accountability Council shall ensure that--
            (1) a centralized system is available to serve as the 
        reciprocity management system for the Federal Government; and
            (2) the centralized system described in paragraph (1) is 
        aligned with, and incorporates results from, continuous 
        evaluation and other enterprise reform initiatives.

    (e) Reporting Requirements Implementation.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Chair of the Performance 
Accountability Council, in coordination with the Security Executive 
Agent, the Suitability Executive Agent, and the Secretary of Defense, 
shall jointly develop a plan to--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1008]]

            (1) implement the Security Executive Agent Directive on 
        common, standardized employee and contractor security reporting 
        requirements;
            (2) establish and implement uniform reporting requirements 
        for employees and Federal contractors, according to risk, 
        relative to the safety of the workforce and protection of the 
        most sensitive information of the Government; and
            (3) ensure that reported information is shared 
        appropriately.

    (f) Access to Criminal History Records for National Security and 
Other Purposes.--
            (1) Definition.--Section 9101(a) of title 5, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) The terms `Security Executive Agent' and `Suitability 
        Executive Agent' mean the Security Executive Agent and the 
        Suitability Executive Agent, respectively, established under 
        Executive Order 13467 (73 Fed. Reg. 38103), or any successor 
        thereto.''.
            (2) Covered agencies.--Section 9101(a)(6) of title 5, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) The Department of Homeland Security.
                    ``(H) The Office of the Director of National 
                Intelligence.
                    ``(I) An Executive agency that--
                          ``(i) is authorized to conduct background 
                      investigations under a Federal statute; or
                          ``(ii) is delegated authority to conduct 
                      background investigations in accordance with 
                      procedures established by the Security Executive 
                      Agent or the Suitability Executive Agent under 
                      subsection (b) or (c)(iv) of section 2.3 of 
                      Executive Order 13467 (73 Fed. Reg. 38103), or any 
                      successor thereto.
                    ``(J) A contractor that conducts a background 
                investigation on behalf of an agency described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (I).''.
            (3) Applicable purposes of investigations.--Section 
        9101(b)(1) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) 
                as clauses (i) through (iv), respectively, and adjusting 
                the margins accordingly;
                    (B) in the matter preceding clause (i), as 
                redesignated--
                          (i) by striking ``the head of'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``all'' before ``criminal 
                      history record information''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``for the purpose of 
                      determining eligibility for any of the 
                      following:'' and inserting ``, in accordance with 
                      Federal Investigative Standards jointly 
                      promulgated by the Suitability Executive Agent and 
                      Security Executive Agent, for the purpose of--
            ``(A) determining eligibility for--'';
                    (C) in clause (i), as redesignated--
                          (i) by striking ``Access'' and inserting 
                      ``access''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period and inserting a 
                      semicolon;
                    (D) in clause (ii), as redesignated--
                          (i) by striking ``Assignment'' and inserting 
                      ``assignment''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1009]]

                          (ii) by striking the period and inserting ``or 
                      positions;'';
                    (E) in clause (iii), as redesignated--
                          (i) by striking ``Acceptance'' and inserting 
                      ``acceptance''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period and inserting ``; 
                      or'';
                    (F) in clause (iv), as redesignated--
                          (i) by striking ``Appointment'' and inserting 
                      ``appointment'';
                          (ii) by striking ``or a critical or sensitive 
                      position''; and
                          (iii) by striking the period and inserting ``; 
                      or''; and
                    (G) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) conducting a basic suitability or fitness assessment 
        for Federal or contractor employees, using Federal Investigative 
        Standards jointly promulgated by the Security Executive Agent 
        and the Suitability Executive Agent in accordance with--
                    ``(i) Executive Order 13467 (73 Fed. Reg. 38103), or 
                any successor thereto; and
                    ``(ii) the Office of Management and Budget 
                Memorandum `Assignment of Functions Relating to Coverage 
                of Contractor Employee Fitness in the Federal 
                Investigative Standards', dated December 6, 2012;
            ``(C) credentialing under the Homeland Security Presidential 
        Directive 12 (dated August 27, 2004); and
            ``(D) Federal Aviation Administration checks required 
        under--
                    ``(i) the Federal Aviation Administration Drug 
                Enforcement Assistance Act of 1988 (subtitle E of title 
                VII of Public Law 100-690; 102 Stat. 4424) and the 
                amendments made by that Act; or
                    ``(ii) section 44710 of title 49.''.
            (4) Biometric and biographic searches.--Section 9101(b)(2) 
        of title 5, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    ``(2)(A) A State central criminal history record depository shall 
allow a covered agency to conduct both biometric and biographic searches 
of criminal history record information.
    ``(B) Nothing in subparagraph (A) shall be construed to prohibit the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation from requiring a request for criminal 
history record information to be accompanied by the fingerprints of the 
individual who is the subject of the request.''.
            (5) Use of most cost-effective system.--Section 9101(e) of 
        title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:

    ``(6) If a criminal justice agency is able to provide the same 
information through more than 1 system described in paragraph (1), a 
covered agency may request information under subsection (b) from the 
criminal justice agency, and require the criminal justice agency to 
provide the information, using the system that is most cost-effective 
for the Federal Government.''.
            (6) Sealed or expunged records; juvenile records.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 9101(a)(2) of title 5, 
                United States Code, is amended by striking the third 
                sentence and inserting the following: ``The term 
                includes those records of a State or locality sealed 
                pursuant to law if

[[Page 129 STAT. 1010]]

                such records are accessible by State and local criminal 
                justice agencies for the purpose of conducting 
                background checks.''.
                    (B) Regulations.--
                          (i) Definition.--In this subparagraph, the 
                      terms ``Security Executive Agent'' and 
                      ``Suitability Executive Agent'' mean the Security 
                      Executive Agent and the Suitability Executive 
                      Agent, respectively, established under Executive 
                      Order 13467 (73 Fed. Reg. 38103), or any successor 
                      thereto.
                          (ii) Development; promulgation.--The Security 
                      Executive Agent shall--
                                    (I) not later than 45 days after the 
                                date of enactment of this Act, and in 
                                conjunction with the Suitability 
                                Executive Agent and the Attorney 
                                General, begin developing regulations to 
                                implement the amendments made by 
                                subparagraph (A); and
                                    (II) not later than 120 days after 
                                the date of enactment of this Act, 
                                promulgate regulations to implement the 
                                amendments made by subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
                that the Federal Government should not uniformly reject 
                applicants for employment with the Federal Government or 
                Federal contractors based on--
                          (i) sealed or expunged criminal records; or
                          (ii) juvenile records.
            (7) Interaction with law enforcement and intelligence 
        agencies abroad.--Section 9101 of title 5, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ``(g) Upon request by a covered agency and in accordance with the 
applicable provisions of this section, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
State for Overseas Citizens Services shall make available criminal 
history record information collected by the Deputy Assistant Secretary 
with respect to an individual who is under investigation by the covered 
agency regarding any interaction of the individual with a law 
enforcement agency or intelligence agency of a foreign country.''.
            (8) Clarification of security requirements for contractors 
        conducting background investigations.--Section 9101 of title 5, 
        United States Code, as amended by this subsection, is amended by 
        adding at the end the following:

    ``(h) If a contractor described in subsection (a)(6)(J) uses an 
automated information delivery system to request criminal history record 
information, the contractor shall comply with any necessary security 
requirements for access to that system.''.
            (9) Clarification regarding adverse actions.--Section 7512 
        of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``, or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) a suitability action taken by the Office under 
        regulations prescribed by the Office, subject to the rules 
        prescribed by the President under this title for the 
        administration of the competitive service.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1011]]

            (10) Annual report by suitability and security clearance 
        performance accountability council.--Section 9101 of title 5, 
        United States Code, as amended by this subsection, is amended by 
        adding at the end the following:

    ``(i) The Suitability and Security Clearance Performance 
Accountability Council established under Executive Order 13467 (73 Fed. 
Reg. 38103), or any successor thereto, shall submit to the Committee on 
Armed Services, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the Senate, and the Committee on Armed Services, the 
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, the Committee on 
Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
the House of Representatives, an annual report that--
            ``(1) describes efforts of the Council to integrate Federal, 
        State, and local systems for sharing criminal history record 
        information;
            ``(2) analyzes the extent and effectiveness of Federal 
        education programs regarding criminal history record 
        information;
            ``(3) provides an update on the implementation of best 
        practices for sharing criminal history record information, 
        including ongoing limitations experienced by investigators 
        working for or on behalf of a covered agency with respect to 
        access to State and local criminal history record information; 
        and
            ``(4) provides a description of limitations on the sharing 
        of information relevant to a background investigation, other 
        than criminal history record information, between--
                    ``(A) investigators working for or on behalf of a 
                covered agency; and
                    ``(B) State and local law enforcement agencies.''.
            (11) GAO report on enhancing interoperability and reducing 
        redundancy in federal critical infrastructure protection access 
        control, background check, and credentialing standards.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than\ one year after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller 
                General of the United States shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
                Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and 
                the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
                Affairs of the Senate a report on the background check, 
                access control, and credentialing requirements of 
                Federal programs for the protection of critical 
                infrastructure and key resources.
                    (B) Contents.--The Comptroller General shall include 
                in the report required under subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) a summary of the major characteristics of 
                      each such Federal program, including the types of 
                      infrastructure and resources covered;
                          (ii) a comparison of the requirements, whether 
                      mandatory or voluntary in nature, for regulated 
                      entities under each such program to--
                                    (I) conduct background checks on 
                                employees, contractors, and other 
                                individuals;
                                    (II) adjudicate the results of a 
                                background check, including the 
                                utilization of a standardized

[[Page 129 STAT. 1012]]

                                set of disqualifying offenses or the 
                                consideration of minor, non-violent, or 
                                juvenile offenses; and
                                    (III) establish access control 
                                systems to deter unauthorized access, or 
                                provide a security credential for any 
                                level of access to a covered facility or 
                                resource;
                          (iii) a review of any efforts that the 
                      Screening Coordination Office of the Department of 
                      Homeland Security has undertaken or plans to 
                      undertake to harmonize or standardize background 
                      check, access control, or credentialing 
                      requirements for critical infrastructure and key 
                      resource protection programs overseen by the 
                      Department; and
                          (iv) recommendations, developed in 
                      consultation with appropriate stakeholders, 
                      regarding--
                                    (I) enhancing the interoperability 
                                of security credentials across critical 
                                infrastructure and key resource 
                                protection programs;
                                    (II) eliminating the need for 
                                redundant background checks or 
                                credentials across existing critical 
                                infrastructure and key resource 
                                protection programs;
                                    (III) harmonizing, where 
                                appropriate, the standards for 
                                identifying potentially disqualifying 
                                criminal offenses and the weight 
                                assigned to minor, nonviolent, or 
                                juvenile offenses in adjudicating the 
                                results of a completed background check; 
                                and
                                    (IV) the development of common, 
                                risk-based standards with respect to the 
                                background check, access control, and 
                                security credentialing requirements for 
                                critical infrastructure and key resource 
                                protection programs.

    (g) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Select Committee on Intelligence and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
                of the Senate; and
                    (C) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 
                the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, and 
                the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
                Representatives; and
            (2) the term ``Performance Accountability Council'' means 
        the Suitability and Security Clearance Performance 
        Accountability Council established under Executive Order 13467 
        (73 Fed. Reg. 38103), or any successor thereto.
SEC. 1087. TRANSFER OF SURPLUS FIREARMS TO CORPORATION FOR THE 
                          PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE AND FIREARMS 
                          SAFETY.

    (a) Authorization of Transfer of Surplus Firearms to Corporation for 
the Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.--
            (1) In general.--Section 40728 of title 36, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1013]]

    ``(h) Authorized Transfers.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
Secretary may transfer to the corporation, in accordance with the 
procedure prescribed in this subchapter, surplus caliber .45 M1911/
M1911A1 pistols and spare parts and related accessories for those 
pistols that, on the date of the enactment of this subsection, are under 
the control of the Secretary and are surplus to the requirements of the 
Department of the Army, and such material as may be recovered by the 
Secretary pursuant to section 40728A(a) of this title. The Secretary 
shall determine a reasonable schedule for the transfer of such surplus 
pistols.
    ``(2) The Secretary may not transfer more than 10,000 surplus 
caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 pistols to the corporation during any year and 
may only transfer such pistols as long as pistols described in paragraph 
(1) remain available for transfer.''.
            (2) Technical and conforming amendments.--Such title is 
        further amended--
                    (A) in section 40728A--
                          (i) by striking ``rifles'' each place it 
                      appears and inserting ``surplus firearms''; and
                          (ii) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 
                      40731(a)'' and inserting ``section 40732(a)'';
                    (B) in section 40729(a)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 
                      40728(a)'' and inserting ``subsections (a) and (h) 
                      of section 40728'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                      ``40728(a)'' and inserting ``subsections (a) and 
                      (h) of section 40728''; and
                          (iii) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``and 
                      caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 surplus pistols'' after 
                      ``caliber .30 and caliber .22 rimfire rifles'';
                    (C) in section 40732--
                          (i) by striking ``caliber .22 rimfire and 
                      caliber .30 surplus rifles'' both places it 
                      appears and inserting ``surplus caliber .22 
                      rimfire rifles, caliber .30 surplus rifles, and 
                      caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 surplus pistols''; and
                          (ii) in subsection (b), by striking ``is over 
                      18 years of age'' and inserting ``is legally of 
                      age''; and
                    (D) in section 40733--
                          (i) by striking ``Section 922(a)(1)-(3) and 
                      (5)'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--Except as 
                      provided in subsection (b), section 922(a)(1)-(3) 
                      and (5)''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subsection:

    ``(b) Exception.--With respect to firearms other than caliber .22 
rimfire and caliber .30 rifles, the corporation shall obtain a license 
as a dealer in firearms and abide by all requirements imposed on persons 
licensed under chapter 44 of title 18, including maintaining acquisition 
and disposition records, and conducting background checks.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 36 USC 40728 note.>> Pilot Program.--
            (1) One-year authority.--The Secretary of the Army may carry 
        out a one-year pilot program under which the Secretary may 
        transfer to the Corporation for the Promotion of Rifle Practice 
        and Firearms Safety not more than 10,000 firearms described in 
        paragraph (2).

[[Page 129 STAT. 1014]]

            (2) Firearms described.--The firearms described in this 
        paragraph are surplus caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 pistols and 
        spare parts and related accessories for those pistols that, on 
        the date of the enactment of this section, are under the control 
        of the Secretary and are surplus to the requirements of the 
        Department of the Army.
            (3) Transfer requirements.--Transfers of surplus caliber .45 
        M1911/M1911A1 pistols from the Army to the Corporation under the 
        pilot program shall be made in accordance with subchapter II of 
        chapter 407 of title 36, United States Code.
            (4) Reports to congress.--
                    (A) Interim report.--Not later than 90 days after 
                the Secretary initiates the pilot program under this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall submit to Congress an 
                interim report on the pilot program.
                    (B) Final report.--Not later than 15 days after the 
                Secretary completes the pilot program under this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
                final report on the pilot program.
                    (C) Contents of report.--Each report required by 
                this subsection shall include, for the period covered by 
                the report--
                          (i) the number of firearms described in 
                      subsection (a)(2) transferred under the pilot 
                      program; and
                          (ii) information on any crimes committed using 
                      firearms transferred under the pilot program.

    (c) Limitation on Transfer of Surplus Caliber .45 M1911/M1911A1 
Pistols.--The Secretary may not transfer firearms described in 
subsection (b)(2) under subchapter II of chapter 407 of title 36, United 
States Code, until the date that is 60 days after the date of the 
submittal of the final report required under subsection (b)(4)(B).
SEC. 1088. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSFERRING AIRCRAFT 
                          WITHIN THE AIR FORCE INVENTORY.

    (a) Modification of Requirements.--Section 345 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
U.S.C. 8062 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking the first sentence and inserting the 
                following: ``Before making an aircraft transfer 
                described in subsection (c), the Secretary of the Air 
                Force shall ensure that a written agreement regarding 
                such transfer has been entered into between the Chief of 
                Staff of the Air Force and the Director of the Air 
                National Guard or the Chief of Air Force Reserve.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``depot'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:

    ``(b) Submittal of Agreements to the Department of Defense and 
Congress.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not take any action to 
transfer an aircraft until the Secretary--
            ``(1) ensures that the Air Force has complied with 
        Department of Defense regulations applicable to the transfer; 
        and
            ``(2) for a transfer described in subsection (c)(1), submits 
        to the congressional defense committees an agreement entered

[[Page 129 STAT. 1015]]

        into pursuant to subsection (a) regarding the transfer of the 
        aircraft.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

    ``(c) Covered Aircraft Transfers.--
            ``(1) Covered transfers.--An aircraft transfer described in 
        this subsection is the transfer (other than as specified in 
        paragraph (2)) from a reserve component of the Air Force to the 
        regular component of the Air Force of--
                    ``(A) the permanent assignment of an aircraft that 
                terminates a reserve component's equitable interest in 
                the aircraft; or
                    ``(B) possession of an aircraft for a period in 
                excess of 90 days.
            ``(2) Exceptions.--Paragraph (1) does not apply to the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A routine temporary transfer of possession of 
                an aircraft from a reserve component that is made solely 
                for the benefit of the reserve component for the purpose 
                of maintenance, upgrade, conversion, modification, or 
                testing and evaluation.
                    ``(B) A routine permanent transfer of assignment of 
                an aircraft that terminates a reserve component's 
                equitable interest in the aircraft if notice of the 
                transfer has previously been provided to the 
                congressional defense committees and the transfer has 
                been approved by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to 
                Department of Defense regulations.
                    ``(C) A transfer described in paragraph (1)(A) when 
                there is a reciprocal permanent assignment of an 
                aircraft from the regular component of the Air Force to 
                the reserve component that does not degrade the 
                capability of, or reduce the total number of, aircraft 
                assigned to the reserve component.

    ``(d) Return of Aircraft After Routine Temporary Transfer.--In the 
case of an aircraft transferred from a reserve component of the Air 
Force to the regular component of the Air Force for which an agreement 
under subsection (a) is not required by reason of subsection (c)(2)(A), 
possession of the aircraft shall be transferred back to the reserve 
component upon completion of the work described in subsection 
(c)(2)(A).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 345(a)(7) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 
8062 note) is amended by striking ``Commander of the Air Force Reserve 
Command'' and inserting ``Chief of Air Force Reserve''.
    (c) Technical Amendments to Delete References to Aircraft 
Ownership.--Section 345(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 8062 note) is amended in 
paragraphs (2)(A), (2)(C), and (3) by striking ``the ownership of''.
SEC. 1089. <<NOTE: 50 USC 2301 note.>> REESTABLISHMENT OF 
                          COMMISSION TO ASSESS THE THREAT TO THE 
                          UNITED STATES FROM ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE 
                          ATTACK.

    (a) Reestablishment.--The commission established pursuant to title 
XIV of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-
345), and reestablished pursuant to section

[[Page 129 STAT. 1016]]

1052 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 
(Public Law 109-163; 50 U.S.C. 2301 note), known as the Commission to 
Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse 
Attack, is hereby reestablished.
    (b) Membership.--Service on the Commission is voluntary, and 
Commissioners may elect to terminate their service on the Commission. If 
a Commissioner is unwilling or unable to serve on the Commission, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the chairmen and ranking 
members of the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate, shall appoint a new member to fill that 
vacancy.
    (c) Commission Charter Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Commission charter'' means title XIV of the Floyd D. Spence National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by 
Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 1654A-345 et seq.), as amended by section 
1052 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 
(Public Law 109-163; 50 U.S.C. 2301 note) and section 1073 of the John 
Warner National Defense Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 
120 Stat. 2403).
    (d) Expanded Purpose.--Section 1401(b) of the Commission charter 
(114 Stat. 1654A-345) is amended by inserting before the period at the 
end the following: ``, from non-nuclear EMP weapons, from natural EMP 
generated by geomagnetic storms, and from proposed uses in the military 
doctrines of potential adversaries of using EMP weapons in combination 
with other attack vectors.''.
    (e) Duties of Commission.--Section 1402 of the Commission charter 
(114 Stat. 1654A-346) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1402. DUTIES OF COMMISSION.

    ``The Commission shall assess the following:
            ``(1) The vulnerability of electric-dependent military 
        systems in the United States to a manmade or natural EMP event, 
        giving special attention to the progress made by the Department 
        of Defense, other Government departments and agencies of the 
        United States, and entities of the private sector in taking 
        steps to protect such systems from such an event.
            ``(2) The evolving current and future threat from state and 
        non-state actors of a manmade EMP attack employing nuclear or 
        non-nuclear weapons.
            ``(3) New technologies, operational procedures, and 
        contingency planning that can protect electronics and military 
        systems from the effects a manmade or natural EMP event.
            ``(4) Among the States, if State grids are protected against 
        manmade or natural EMP, which States should receive highest 
        priority for protecting critical defense assets.
            ``(5) The degree to which vulnerabilities of critical 
        infrastructure systems create cascading vulnerabilities for 
        military systems.''.

    (f) Report.--Section 1403 of the Commission charter (114 Stat. 
1654A-345) is amended by striking ``September 30, 2007'' and inserting 
``June 30, 2017''.
    (g) Termination.--Section 1049 of the Commission charter (114 Stat. 
1654A-348) is amended by inserting before the period at the end the 
following: ``, as amended by the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016''.
SEC. 1090. MINE COUNTERMEASURES MASTER PLAN AND REPORT.

    (a) Master Plan Required.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1017]]

            (1) Plan required.--At the same time the budget is submitted 
        to Congress for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2023, the 
        Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a mine countermeasures (in this section referred to 
        as ``MCM'') master plan.
            (2) Elements.--Each MCM master plan submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall include each of the following:
                    (A) An evaluation of the capabilities, capacities, 
                requirements, and readiness levels of the defensive 
                capabilities of the Navy for MCM, including an 
                assessment of--
                          (i) the dedicated MCM force; and
                          (ii) the capabilities of ships, aircraft, and 
                      submarines that are not yet dedicated to MCM but 
                      could be modified to carry MCM capabilities.
                    (B) An evaluation of the ability of commanders--
                          (i) to properly command and control air and 
                      surface MCM forces from the fleet to the unit 
                      level; and
                          (ii) to provide necessary operational and 
                      tactical control and awareness of such forces to 
                      facilitate mission accomplishment and defense.
                    (C) An assessment of--
                          (i) technologies having promising potential to 
                      improve MCM; and
                          (ii) programs for transitioning such 
                      technologies from the testing and evaluation 
                      phases to procurement.
                    (D) A fiscal plan to support the master plan through 
                the Future Years Defense Plan.
                    (E) A plan for inspection of each asset with MCM 
                responsibilities, requirements, and capabilities, which 
                shall include proposed methods to ensure the material 
                readiness of each asset and the training level of the 
                force, a general summary, and readiness trends.
            (3) Form of submission.--Each MCM master plan submitted 
        under paragraph (1) shall be in unclassified form, but may 
        include a classified annex addressing the capability and 
        capacity to meet operational plans and contingency requirements.

    (b) Report to Congress.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
        contains the recommendations of the Secretary--
                    (A) regarding MCM force structure; and
                    (B) ensuring the operational effectiveness of the 
                surface MCM force through 2025 based on current 
                capabilities and capacity, replacement schedules, and 
                service life extensions or retirement schedules.
            (2) Elements.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the MCM vessels, including the 
                decommissioned MCM-1 and MCM-2 ships and the potential 
                of such ships for reserve operating status.
                    (B) An assessment of the Littoral Combat Ship MCM 
                mission package increment one performance against the 
                initial operational test and evaluation criteria.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1018]]

                    (C) An assessment of other commercially available 
                MCM systems that could supplement or supplant Littoral 
                Combat Ship MCM mission package systems.
SEC. 1091. <<NOTE: 22 USC 4802 note.>> CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION 
                          AND BRIEFING REQUIREMENT ON ORDERED 
                          EVACUATIONS OF UNITED STATES EMBASSIES 
                          AND CONSULATES INVOLVING SUPPORT 
                          PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Notification Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of State shall provide notification to the appropriate 
congressional committees as soon as practicable upon the initiation of 
an ordered evacuation of a United States embassy or consulate involving 
support provided by the Department of Defense.
    (b) Briefing Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretary of State shall provide a briefing to the appropriate 
congressional committees not later than 15 days after the initiation of 
an ordered evacuation of a United States embassy or consulate involving 
support provided by the Department of Defense.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 1092. <<NOTE: 22 USC 1733.>> INTERAGENCY HOSTAGE RECOVERY 
                          COORDINATOR.

    (a) Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the President shall designate an 
        existing Federal official to coordinate efforts to secure the 
        release of United States persons who are hostages held abroad. 
        For purp