Text: S.1635 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 114-323 (12/16/2016)

 
[114th Congress Public Law 323]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 130 STAT. 1905]]

Public Law 114-323
114th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To authorize the Department of State for fiscal year 2016, and for other 
             purposes. <<NOTE: Dec. 16, 2016 -  [S. 1635]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Department of 
State Authorities Act, Fiscal Year 2017. 22 USC 2651 note.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Department of State 
Authorities Act, Fiscal Year 2017''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; Table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.

           TITLE I--EMBASSY SECURITY AND PERSONNEL PROTECTION

              Subtitle A--Review and Planning Requirements

Sec. 101. Designation of high risk, high threat posts.
Sec. 102. Contingency plans for high risk, high threat posts.
Sec. 103. Direct reporting.
Sec. 104. Accountability Review Board recommendations related to 
           unsatisfactory leadership.

        Subtitle B--Physical Security and Personnel Requirements

Sec. 111. Capital security cost sharing program.
Sec. 112. Local guard contracts abroad under diplomatic security 
           program.
Sec. 113. Transfer authority.
Sec. 114. Security enhancements for soft targets.
Sec. 115. Exemption from certain procurement protest procedures for 
           noncompetitive contracting in emergency circumstances.
Sec. 116. Sense of Congress regarding minimum security standards for 
           temporary United States diplomatic and consular posts.
Sec. 117. Assignment of personnel at high risk, high threat posts.
Sec. 118. Annual report on embassy construction costs.
Sec. 119. Embassy security, construction, and maintenance.

                      Subtitle C--Security Training

Sec. 121. Security training for personnel assigned to high risk, high 
           threat posts.
Sec. 122. Sense of Congress regarding language requirements for 
           diplomatic security personnel assigned to high risk, high 
           threat post.

  Subtitle D--Expansion of the Marine Corps Security Guard Detachment 
                                 Program

Sec. 131. Marine Corps Security Guard Program.

  TITLE II--OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND 
                     BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS

Sec. 201. Competitive hiring status for former employees of the Office 
           of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction.
Sec. 202. Certification of independence of information technology 
           systems of the Office of Inspector General of the Department 
           of State and Broadcasting Board of Governors.
Sec. 203. Protecting the integrity of internal investigations.
Sec. 204. Report on Inspector General inspection and auditing of Foreign 
           Service posts and bureaus and other offices of the 
           Department.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1906]]

Sec. 205. Implementing GAO and OIG recommendations.
Sec. 206. Inspector General salary limitations.

                 TITLE III--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Sec. 301. Oversight of and accountability for peacekeeper abuses.
Sec. 302. Reimbursement of contributing countries.
Sec. 303. Withholding of assistance.
Sec. 304. United Nations peacekeeping assessment formula.
Sec. 305. Reimbursement or application of credits.
Sec. 306. Report on United States contributions to the United Nations 
           relating to peacekeeping operations.
Sec. 307. Whistleblower protections for United Nations personnel.
Sec. 308. Encouraging employment of United States citizens at the United 
           Nations.
Sec. 309. Statement of policy on Member State's voting practices at the 
           United Nations.
Sec. 310. Qualifications of the United Nations Secretary General.
Sec. 311. Policy regarding the United Nations Human Rights Council.
Sec. 312. Additional report on other United States contributions to the 
           United Nations.
Sec. 313. Comparative report on peacekeeping operations.

              TITLE IV--PERSONNEL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES

Sec. 401. Locally-employed staff wages.
Sec. 402. Expansion of civil service opportunities.
Sec. 403. Promotion to the Senior Foreign Service.
Sec. 404. Lateral entry into the Foreign Service.
Sec. 405. Reemployment of annuitants and workforce rightsizing.
Sec. 406. Integration of foreign economic policy.
Sec. 407. Training support services.
Sec. 408. Special agents.
Sec. 409. Limited appointments in the Foreign Service.
Sec. 410. Report on diversity recruitment, employment, retention, and 
           promotion.
Sec. 411. Market data for cost-of-living adjustments.
Sec. 412. Technical amendment to Federal Workforce Flexibility Act.
Sec. 413. Retention of mid- and senior-level professionals from 
           traditionally underrepresented minority groups.
Sec. 414. Employee assignment restrictions.
Sec. 415. Security clearance suspensions.
Sec. 416. Sense of Congress on the integration of policies related to 
           the participation of women in preventing and resolving 
           conflicts.
Sec. 417. Foreign Service families workforce study.
Sec. 418. Special envoys, representatives, advisors, and coordinators of 
           the Department.
Sec. 419. Combating anti-Semitism.

                      TITLE V--CONSULAR AUTHORITIES

Sec. 501. Codification of enhanced consular immunities.
Sec. 502. Passports made in the United States.

           TITLE VI--WESTERN HEMISPHERE DRUG POLICY COMMISSION

Sec. 601. Establishment.
Sec. 602. Duties.
Sec. 603. Membership.
Sec. 604. Powers.
Sec. 605. Staff.
Sec. 606. Sunset.

                   TITLE VII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

Sec. 701. Foreign relations exchange programs.
Sec. 702. United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.
Sec. 703. Broadcasting Board of Governors.
Sec. 704. Rewards for Justice.
Sec. 705. Extension of period for reimbursement of seized commercial 
           fishermen.
Sec. 706. Expansion of the Charles B. Rangel International Affairs 
           Program, the Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship 
           Program, and the Donald M. Payne International Development 
           Fellowship Program.
Sec. 707. GAO report on Department critical telecommunications equipment 
           or services obtained from suppliers closely linked to a 
           leading cyber-threat actor.
Sec. 708. Implementation plan for information technology and knowledge 
           management.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1907]]

Sec. 709. Ransoms to foreign terrorist organizations.
Sec. 710. Strategy to combat terrorist use of social media.
Sec. 711. Report on Department information technology acquisition 
           practices.
Sec. 712. Public availability of reports on nominees to be chiefs of 
           mission.
Sec. 713. Recruitment and retention of individuals who have lived, 
           worked, or studied in predominantly Muslim countries or 
           communities.
Sec. 714. Sense of Congress regarding coverage of appropriate therapies 
           for dependents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Sec. 715. Repeal of obsolete reports.
Sec. 716. Prohibition on additional funding.

SEC. 2. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2651 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Department.--Unless otherwise specified, the term 
        ``Department'' means the Department of State.
            (3) Foreign service.--The term ``Foreign Service'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 102 of the Foreign Service 
        Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3902).
            (4) Inspector general.--Unless otherwise specified, the term 
        ``Inspector General'' means the Office of Inspector General of 
        the Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors.
            (5) Peacekeeping credits.--The term ``peacekeeping credits'' 
        means the amounts by which United States assessed peacekeeping 
        contributions exceed actual expenditures, apportioned to the 
        United States, of peacekeeping operations by the United Nations 
        during a United Nations peacekeeping fiscal year.
            (6) Secretary.--Unless otherwise specified, the term 
        ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of State.

           TITLE I--EMBASSY SECURITY AND PERSONNEL PROTECTION

              Subtitle A--Review and Planning Requirements

SEC. 101. DESIGNATION OF HIGH RISK, HIGH THREAT POSTS.

    (a) In General.--Title I of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4801 et seq.; relating to 
diplomatic security) is amended by inserting after section 103 the 
following new sections:
``SEC. 104. <<NOTE: Determinations. 22 USC 
                        4803. Deadline. Reports.>>  DESIGNATION OF 
                        HIGH RISK, HIGH THREAT POSTS.

    ``(a) Initial Designation.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
the enactment of this section, the Department of State shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report, in classified form, 
that contains a list of diplomatic and consular posts designated as high 
risk, high threat posts.
    ``(b) Designations Before Opening or Reopening Posts.--Before 
opening or reopening a diplomatic or consular post, the

[[Page 130 STAT. 1908]]

Secretary shall determine if such post should be designated as a high 
risk, high threat post.
    ``(c) Designating Existing Posts.--The Secretary shall regularly 
review existing diplomatic and consular posts to determine if any such 
post should be designated as a high risk, high threat post if conditions 
at such post or the surrounding security environment require such a 
designation.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        `appropriate congressional committees' means the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
            ``(2) High risk, high threat post.--The term `high risk, 
        high threat post' means a United States diplomatic or consular 
        post or other United States mission abroad, as determined by the 
        Secretary, that, among other factors--
                    ``(A) is located in a country--
                          ``(i) with high to critical levels of 
                      political violence and terrorism; and
                          ``(ii) the government of which lacks the 
                      ability or willingness to provide adequate 
                      security; and
                    ``(B) has mission physical security platforms that 
                fall below the Department of State's established 
                standards.
``SEC. 105. <<NOTE: 22 USC 4804.>>  BRIEFINGS ON EMBASSY SECURITY.

    ``(a) Briefing.--The Secretary shall provide monthly briefings to 
the appropriate congressional committees on--
            ``(1) any plans to open or reopen a high risk, high threat 
        post, including--
                    ``(A) the importance and appropriateness of the 
                objectives of the proposed post to the national security 
                of the United States, and the type and level of security 
                threats such post could encounter;
                    ``(B) working plans to expedite the approval and 
                funding for establishing and operating such post, 
                implementing physical security measures, providing 
                necessary security and management personnel, and the 
                provision of necessary equipment;
                    ``(C) security `tripwires' that would determine 
                specific action, including enhanced security measures or 
                evacuation of such post, based on the improvement or 
                deterioration of the local security environment; and
                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Coordination. Evaluation.>>  in 
                coordination with the Secretary of Defense, an 
                evaluation of available United States military assets 
                and operational plans to respond to such posts in 
                extremis;
            ``(2) personnel staffing and rotation cycles at high risk, 
        high threat posts;
            ``(3) the current security posture at posts of particular 
        concern as determined by such committees; and
            ``(4) the progress towards implementation of the provisions 
        specified in title I of the Department of State Authorities Act, 
        Fiscal Year 2017.

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Congressional Notification.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        later than 30 days before opening or reopening a high risk, high 
        threat post, the Secretary shall notify the appropriate

[[Page 130 STAT. 1909]]

        congressional committees of the decision to open or reopen such 
        post.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Emergency circumstances.--If 
        the Secretary determines that the national security interests of 
        the United States require the opening or reopening of a high 
        risk, high threat post in fewer than 30 days, then as soon as 
        possible, but not later than 48 hours before such opening or 
        reopening, the Secretary shall transmit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a notification detailing the decision 
        to open or reopen such post, the nature of the critical national 
        security interests at stake, and the circumstances that 
        prevented the normal 30-day notice under paragraph (1).

    ``(c) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
term `appropriate congressional committees' means--
            ``(1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Armed Services, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 
        and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            ``(2) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Armed Services, the Select Committee on Intelligence, and the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of the Omnibus 
Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 103 the following new 
items:

``Sec. 104. Designation of high risk, high threat posts.
``Sec. 105. Briefings on embassy security.''.

SEC. 102. CONTINGENCY PLANS FOR HIGH RISK, HIGH THREAT POSTS.

    Subsection (a) of section 606 of the Secure Embassy Construction and 
Counterterrorism Act of 1999 (22 U.S.C. 4865; relating to diplomatic 
security) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), in the first sentence--
                    (A) by inserting ``and from complex attacks (as such 
                term is defined in section 416 of the Omnibus Diplomatic 
                Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986),'' after 
                ``attacks from vehicles''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or such a complex attack'' before 
                the period at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (7), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, including at high risk, high threat posts 
        (as such term is defined in section 104 of the Omnibus 
        Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986), including 
        options for the deployment of additional military personnel or 
        equipment to bolster security and rapid deployment of armed or 
        surveillance assets in response to an attack''.
SEC. 103. <<NOTE: 22 USC 4802 note.>>  DIRECT REPORTING.

    The Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Security shall report 
directly to the Secretary, without being required to obtain the approval 
or concurrence of any other official of the Department, as threats and 
circumstances require.
SEC. 104. ACCOUNTABILITY REVIEW BOARD RECOMMENDATIONS RELATED TO 
                        UNSATISFACTORY LEADERSHIP.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 304 of the Diplomatic 
Security Act (22 U.S.C. 4834) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--

[[Page 130 STAT. 1910]]

                    (A) by striking ``Whenever'' and inserting ``If''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``has breached the duty of that 
                individual'' and inserting ``has engaged in misconduct 
                or unsatisfactorily performed the duties of employment 
                of that individual, and such misconduct or 
                unsatisfactory performance has significantly contributed 
                to the serious injury, loss of life, or significant 
                destruction of property, or the serious breach of 
                security that is the subject of the Board's examination 
                as described in subsection (a)'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``finding'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``findings''; and
            (3) in the matter following paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``has breached a duty of that 
                individual'' and inserting ``has engaged in misconduct 
                or unsatisfactorily performed the duties of employment 
                of that individual as described in this subsection''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking ``to the performance of the duties 
                of that individual''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability. 22 USC 4834 note.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to any 
Accountability Review Board that is convened under section 301 of the 
Diplomatic Security Act (22 U.S.C. 4831) on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

        Subtitle B--Physical Security and Personnel Requirements

SEC. 111. CAPITAL SECURITY COST SHARING PROGRAM.

    (a) Sense of Congress on the Capital Security Cost Sharing 
Program.--It is the sense of Congress that the Capital Security Cost 
Sharing Program should prioritize the construction of new facilities and 
the maintenance of existing facilities at high risk, high threat posts.
    (b) Restriction on Construction of Office Space.--Paragraph (2) of 
section 604(e) of the Secure Embassy Construction and Counterterrorism 
Act of 1999 (title VI of division A of H.R. 3427, as enacted into law by 
section 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1501A-453; 22 U.S.C. 
4865 note) is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``A project to construct a diplomatic facility of the United States may 
not include office space or other accommodations for an employee of a 
Federal department or agency to the extent that the Secretary of State 
determines that such department or agency has not provided to the 
Department of State the full amount of funding required under paragraph 
(1), notwithstanding any authorization and appropriation of relevant 
funds by Congress.''.
SEC. 112. LOCAL GUARD CONTRACTS ABROAD UNDER DIPLOMATIC SECURITY 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 136 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1990 and 1991 (22 U.S.C. 4864) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(h) Award of Local Guard and Protective Service Contracts.--In 
evaluating proposals for local guard contracts under this section, the 
Secretary of State may award such contracts on the basis of best value 
as determined by a cost-technical tradeoff

[[Page 130 STAT. 1911]]

analysis (as described in Federal Acquisition Regulation part 15.101) 
and, with respect to such contracts for posts that are not high risk, 
high threat posts (as such term is defined in section 104 of the Omnibus 
Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4801 et 
seq.; relating to diplomatic security)), subject to congressional 
notification 15-days prior to any such award.''.
SEC. 113. TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    Section 4 of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 295) 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j)(1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In addition to exercising any 
other transfer authority available to the Secretary of State, and 
subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may transfer to, and merge with, 
any appropriation for fiscal year 2018 under the heading `Diplomatic and 
Consular Programs', including for Worldwide Security Protection, and 
under the heading `Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance' 
funds appropriated under such headings if the Secretary determines such 
transfer is necessary to implement the recommendations of the Benghazi 
Accountability Review Board, or to prevent or respond to security 
situations and requirements.
            ``(A) shall not exceed 20 percent of any appropriation made 
        available for fiscal year 2018 for the Department of State under 
        the heading `Administration of Foreign Affairs', and no such 
        appropriation shall be increased by more than 10 percent by any 
        such transfer; and
            ``(B) shall be merged with funds in the heading to which 
        transferred, and shall be available subject to the same terms 
        and conditions as the funds with which merged.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Notification.>>  Not later than 15 days 
before any transfer of funds pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
State shall notify in writing the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign 
Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
Representatives. Any such notification shall include a description of 
the particular security need necessitating the transfer at issue.''.
SEC. 114. SECURITY ENHANCEMENTS FOR SOFT TARGETS.

    Section 29 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
U.S.C. 2701) is amended, in the third sentence, by inserting ``physical 
security enhancements and'' after ``may include''.
SEC. 115. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2679d.>>  EXEMPTION FROM CERTAIN 
                        PROCUREMENT PROTEST PROCEDURES FOR 
                        NONCOMPETITIVE CONTRACTING IN EMERGENCY 
                        CIRCUMSTANCES.

    A determination by the Department to use procedures other than 
competitive procedures under section 3304 of title 41, United States 
Code, in order to meet emergency security requirements, as determined by 
the Secretary or the Secretary's designee, including physical security 
upgrades, protective equipment, and other immediate threat mitigation 
projects, shall not be subject to challenge by protest under either 
subchapter V of chapter 35 of title 31, United States Code, or section 
1491 of title 28, United States Code.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1912]]

SEC. 116. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING MINIMUM SECURITY STANDARDS 
                        FOR TEMPORARY UNITED STATES DIPLOMATIC AND 
                        CONSULAR POSTS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Overseas Security Policy Board's security standards 
        for facilities should apply to all facilities consistent with 12 
        FAM 311.2; and
            (2) such facilities should comply with requirements for 
        attaining a waiver or exception to applicable standards if it is 
        in the national interest of the United States.
SEC. 117. <<NOTE: 22 USC 4868.>>  ASSIGNMENT OF PERSONNEL AT HIGH 
                        RISK, HIGH THREAT POSTS.

    The Secretary to the extent practicable shall station key personnel 
for sustained periods of time at high risk, high threat posts (as such 
term is defined in section 104 of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
Antiterrorism Act of 1986, as added by section 401 of this Act) in order 
to--
            (1) establish institutional knowledge and situational 
        awareness that would allow for a fuller familiarization of the 
        local political and security environment in which such posts are 
        located; and
            (2) ensure that necessary security procedures are 
        implemented.
SEC. 118. <<NOTE: 22 USC 304.>>  ANNUAL REPORT ON EMBASSY 
                        CONSTRUCTION COSTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive 
report regarding all ongoing embassy construction projects and major 
embassy security upgrade projects.
    (b) <<NOTE: Cost estimates.>>  Contents.--Each report required under 
subsection (a) shall include the following with respect to each ongoing 
embassy construction projects and major embassy security upgrade 
projects:
            (1) The initial cost estimate.
            (2) The amount expended on the project to date.
            (3) The projected timeline for completing the project.
            (4) Any cost overruns incurred by the project.

    (c) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Initial Report.--The first report 
required under subsection (a) shall include an annex regarding all 
embassy construction projects and major embassy security upgrade 
projects completed during the 10-year period ending on the date of the 
enactment of this Act, including, for each such project, the following:
            (1) The initial cost estimate.
            (2) The amount actually expended on the project.
            (3) Any additional time required to complete the project 
        beyond the initial timeline.
            (4) Any cost overruns incurred by the project.
SEC. 119. EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION, AND MAINTENANCE.

    Section 1 of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 (22 U.S.C. 
292), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Authorization for Improvements and Construction.--The 
Secretary of State may improve or construct facilities overseas for 
other Federal departments and agencies on an advance-of-funds or 
reimbursable basis if such advances or reimbursements are credited to 
the Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance account and remain 
available until expended.''.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1913]]

                      Subtitle C--Security Training

SEC. 121. SECURITY TRAINING FOR PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO HIGH RISK, 
                        HIGH THREAT POSTS.

    (a) In General.--Title IV of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4851 et seq.; relating to 
diplomatic security) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
sections:
``SEC. 416. <<NOTE: 22 USC 4866.>>  SECURITY TRAINING FOR 
                        PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO A HIGH RISK, HIGH 
                        THREAT POST.

    ``(a) In General.--Individuals assigned permanently to or who are in 
long-term temporary duty status as designated by the Secretary of State 
at a high risk, high threat post shall receive security training 
described in subsection (b) on a mandatory basis in order to prepare 
such individuals for living and working at such posts.
    ``(b) Security Training Described.--Security training referred to in 
subsection (a)--
            ``(1) is training to improve basic knowledge and skills; and
            ``(2) may include--
                    ``(A) an ability to recognize, avoid, and respond to 
                potential terrorist situations, including a complex 
                attack;
                    ``(B) conducting surveillance detection;
                    ``(C) providing emergency medical care;
                    ``(D) ability to detect the presence of improvised 
                explosive devices;
                    ``(E) minimal firearms familiarization; and
                    ``(F) defensive driving maneuvers.

    ``(c) Effective Date.--The requirements of this section shall take 
effect upon the date of the enactment of this section.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section and section 417:
            ``(1) Complex attack.--The term `complex attack' has the 
        meaning given such term by the North Atlantic Treaty 
        Organization, as follows: `An attack conducted by multiple 
        hostile elements which employ at least two distinct classes of 
        weapon systems (i.e., indirect fire and direct fire, improvised 
        explosive devices, and surface to air fire).'.
            ``(2) High risk, high threat post.--The term `high risk, 
        high threat post' has the meaning given such term in section 
        104.
``SEC. 417. <<NOTE: 22 USC 4867.>>  SECURITY MANAGEMENT TRAINING 
                        FOR OFFICIALS ASSIGNED TO A HIGH RISK, 
                        HIGH THREAT POST.

    ``(a) In General.--Officials described in subsection (c) who are 
assigned to a high risk, high threat post shall receive security 
training described in subsection (b) on a mandatory basis in order to 
improve the ability of such officials to make security-related 
management decisions.
    ``(b) Security Training Described.--Security training referred to in 
subsection (a) may include--
            ``(1) development of skills to better evaluate threats;
            ``(2) effective use of security resources to mitigate such 
        threats; and
            ``(3) improved familiarity of available security resources.

    ``(c) Officials Described.--Officials referred to in subsection (a) 
are the following:

[[Page 130 STAT. 1914]]

            ``(1) Members of the Senior Foreign Service appointed under 
        section 302(a)(1) or 303 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
        U.S.C. 3942(a)(1) and 3943) or members of the Senior Executive 
        Service (as such term is described in section 3132(a)(2) of 
        title 5, United States Code).
            ``(2) Foreign Service officers appointed under section 
        302(a)(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
        3942(a)(1)) holding a position in classes FS-1 or FS-2.
            ``(3) Foreign Service Specialists appointed by the Secretary 
        under section 303 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
        3943) holding a position in classes FS-1 or FS-2.
            ``(4) Individuals holding a position in grades GS-14 or GS-
        15.
            ``(5) Personal services contractors and other contractors 
        serving in positions or capacities similar to the officials 
        described in paragraphs (1) through (4).

    ``(d) Effective Date.--The requirements of this section shall take 
effect beginning on the date that is 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this section.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of the Omnibus 
Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 415 the following new 
items:

``Sec. 416. Security training for personnel assigned to a high risk, 
           high threat post.
``Sec. 417. Security management training for officials assigned to a 
           high risk, high threat post.''.

SEC. 122. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING LANGUAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                        DIPLOMATIC SECURITY PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO 
                        HIGH RISK, HIGH THREAT POST.

    (a) In General.--It is the sense of Congress that diplomatic 
security personnel assigned permanently to or who are in long-term 
temporary duty status as designated by the Secretary at a high risk, 
high threat post should receive language training described in 
subsection (b) in order to prepare such personnel for duty requirements 
at such post.
    (b) Language Training Described.--Language training referred to in 
subsection (a) should prepare personnel described in such subsection 
to--
            (1) speak the language at issue with sufficient structural 
        accuracy and vocabulary to participate effectively in most 
        formal and informal conversations on subjects germane to 
        security; and
            (2) read within an adequate range of speed and with almost 
        complete comprehension on subjects germane to security.

  Subtitle D--Expansion of the Marine Corps Security Guard Detachment 
                                 Program

SEC. 131. <<NOTE: Consultation. 22 USC 4802 
                        note. Review. Assessments.>>  MARINE CORPS 
                        SECURITY GUARD PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Pursuant to the responsibility of the Secretary for 
diplomatic security under section 103 of the Diplomatic Security Act (22 
U.S.C. 4802; enacted as part of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and 
Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-399)), the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of

[[Page 130 STAT. 1915]]

Defense, shall conduct an annual review of the Marine Corps Security 
Guard Program, including the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of whether the size 
        and composition of the Marine Corps Security Guard Program is 
        adequate to meet global diplomatic security requirements.
            (2) An assessment of whether the Marine Corps security 
        guards are appropriately deployed among United States embassies, 
        consulates, and other diplomatic facilities to respond to 
        evolving security developments and potential threats to United 
        States interests abroad.
            (3) An assessment of the mission objectives of the Marine 
        Corps Security Guard Program and the procedural rules of 
        engagement to protect diplomatic personnel under the Program.

    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter for 3 years, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall submit 
to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, 
and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed Services, and 
the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate an unclassified report, 
with a classified annex as necessary, that addresses the requirements 
specified in subsection (a).

  TITLE II--OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND 
                     BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS

SEC. 201. <<NOTE: Time period.>>  COMPETITIVE HIRING STATUS FOR 
                        FORMER EMPLOYEES OF THE OFFICE OF THE 
                        SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ 
                        RECONSTRUCTION.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any employee of the 
Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction who 
completes at least 12 months of continuous employment within the Office 
at any time prior to October 5, 2013, and was not terminated for cause 
shall acquire competitive status for appointment to any position in the 
competitive service for which the employee possesses the required 
qualifications.
SEC. 202. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  CERTIFICATION OF INDEPENDENCE OF 
                        INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS OF THE 
                        OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND BROADCASTING BOARD 
                        OF GOVERNORS.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act 
and annually thereafter for 4 years, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees, with respect to the network, 
information systems, and files of the Office of Inspector General of the 
Department and Broadcasting Board of Governors managed by the 
Department, a certification that the Department has ensured the 
integrity and independence of such network, information systems, and 
files, including the prevention of access to such network, information 
systems, and files other than as authorized by the Inspector General or 
the Attorney General, or, for purposes of ensuring information and 
systems security pursuant

[[Page 130 STAT. 1916]]

to applicable statute, the Chief Information Officer of the Department.
SEC. 203. PROTECTING THE INTEGRITY OF INTERNAL INVESTIGATIONS.

    Subsection (c) of section 209 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 3929) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(6) Required reporting of allegations and investigations 
        and inspector general authority.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The head of a bureau, post, or 
                other office of the Department of State (in this 
                paragraph referred to as a `Department entity') shall 
                submit to the Inspector General a report of any 
                allegation of--
                          ``(i) waste, fraud, or abuse in a Department 
                      program or operation;
                          ``(ii) criminal or serious misconduct on the 
                      part of a Department employee at the FS-1, GS-15, 
                      or GM-15 level or higher;
                          ``(iii) criminal misconduct on the part of a 
                      Department employee; and
                          ``(iv) serious, noncriminal misconduct on the 
                      part of any Department employee who is authorized 
                      to carry a weapon, make arrests, or conduct 
                      searches, such as conduct that, if proved, would 
                      constitute perjury or material dishonesty, warrant 
                      suspension as discipline for a first offense, or 
                      result in loss of law enforcement authority.
                    ``(B) Deadline.--The head of a Department entity 
                shall submit to the Inspector General a report of an 
                allegation described in subparagraph (A) not later than 
                5 business days after the date on which the head of such 
                Department entity is made aware of such allegation.''.
SEC. 204. REPORT ON INSPECTOR GENERAL INSPECTION AND AUDITING OF 
                        FOREIGN SERVICE POSTS AND BUREAUS AND 
                        OTHER OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Inspector General shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the requirement under 
section 209(a)(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3929(a)(1)) that the Inspector General inspect and audit, at least every 
5 years, the administration of activities and operations of each Foreign 
Service post and each bureau or other office of the Department.
    (b) Consideration of Multi-Tier System.--The report required under 
subsection (a) shall assess the advisability and feasibility of 
implementing a multi-tier system for inspecting Foreign Service posts 
and bureaus and other offices of the Department under section 209(a)(1) 
of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 featuring more or less frequent 
inspections and audits based on risk, including security risk, as may be 
determined by the Inspector General.
SEC. 205. IMPLEMENTING GAO AND OIG RECOMMENDATIONS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Department has not implemented all of the recommendations made by the 
Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the Office of the Inspector 
General (OIG) related to embassy security and

[[Page 130 STAT. 1917]]

that some recommendations may yield potentially significant cost savings 
to the Department.
    (b) Briefing.--The Secretary shall provide a briefing to the 
appropriate congressional committees detailing the rationale for not 
implementing recommendations made by the GAO and OIG related to embassy 
security or those that may yield significant cost savings to the 
Department, if implemented.
SEC. 206. INSPECTOR GENERAL SALARY LIMITATIONS.

    Section 412 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3972) is 
amended by inserting after subsection (a) the following new subsection:
    ``(b) The Inspector General of the United States Agency for 
International Development (USAID) shall limit the payment of special 
differentials to USAID Foreign Service criminal investigators to levels 
at which the aggregate of basic pay and special differential for any pay 
period would equal, for such criminal investigators, the bi-weekly pay 
limitations on premium pay regularly placed on other criminal 
investigators within the Federal law enforcement 
community. <<NOTE: Effective date.>> This provision shall be retroactive 
to January 1, 2013.''.

                 TITLE III--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

SEC. 301. <<NOTE: 22 USC 287 note.>>  OVERSIGHT OF AND 
                        ACCOUNTABILITY FOR PEACEKEEPER ABUSES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Strategy To Ensure Reform and 
Accountability.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit, in unclassified form, to the 
appropriate congressional committees--
            (1) a United States strategy for combating sexual 
        exploitation and abuse in United Nations peacekeeping 
        operations; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Implementation plan.>>  an implementation plan 
        for achieving the objectives set forth in the strategy described 
        in paragraph (1).

    (b) Objectives.--The objectives of the strategy required under 
subsection (a) shall be the following:
            (1) To dramatically reduce the incidence of sexual 
        exploitation and abuse committed by civilian and military 
        personnel assigned to United Nations peacekeeping operations.
            (2) To ensure the introduction and implementation by the 
        United Nations of improved training, oversight, and 
        accountability mechanisms for United Nations peacekeeping 
        operations and the personnel involved with such operations.
            (3) To ensure swift justice for any such personnel who are 
        found to have committed sexual exploitation or abuse.
            (4) To assist the United Nations and troop- or police-
        contributing countries, as necessary and appropriate, to improve 
        their ability to prevent, identify, and prosecute sexual 
        exploitation or abuse by personnel involved in peacekeeping 
        operations.

    (c) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements and objectives:

[[Page 130 STAT. 1918]]

            (1) The amendment of the model memorandum of understanding 
        and review of all current memorandums of understanding for 
        troop- or police-contributing countries participating in United 
        Nations peacekeeping operations to strengthen provisions 
        relating to the investigation, repatriation, prosecution, and 
        discipline of troops or police that are credibly alleged to have 
        engaged in cases of misconduct.
            (2) The establishment of onsite courts-martial, as 
        appropriate, for the prosecution of crimes committed by military 
        peacekeeping personnel, that is consistent with each 
        peacekeeping operations' status of forces agreement with its 
        host country.
            (3) The exploration of appropriate arrangements to waive the 
        immunity of civilian employees of the United Nations and its 
        specialized agencies, funds, and programs to enable the 
        prosecution of such employees who are credibly alleged to have 
        engaged in sexual exploitation, abuse, or other crimes.
            (4) The creation of a United Nations Security Council 
        ombudsman office that--
                    (A) is authorized to conduct ongoing oversight of 
                peacekeeping operations;
                    (B) reports directly to the Security Council on--
                          (i) offenses committed by peacekeeping 
                      personnel or United Nations civilian staff or 
                      volunteers; and
                          (ii) the actions taken in response to such 
                      offenses; and
                    (C) provides reports to the Security Council on the 
                conduct of personnel in each peacekeeping operation not 
                less frequently than annually and before the expiration 
                or renewal of the mandate of any such peacekeeping 
                operation.
            (5) The provision of guidance from the United Nations on the 
        establishment of a standing claims commission for each 
        peacekeeping operation--
                    (A) to address any grievances by a host country's 
                civilian population against United Nations personnel in 
                cases of alleged abuses by peacekeeping personnel; and
                    (B) to provide means for the government of the 
                country of which culpable United Nations peacekeeping or 
                civilian personnel are nationals to compensate the 
                victims of such crimes.
            (6) The adoption of a United Nations policy and plan that 
        increases the number of troop- or police-contributing countries 
        that--
                    (A) obtain and maintain DNA samples from each 
                national of such country who is a member of a United 
                Nations military contingent or formed police unit, 
                consistent with national laws, of such contingent or 
                unit; and
                    (B) make such DNA samples available to investigators 
                from the troop- or police-contributing country (except 
                that such should not be made available to the United 
                Nations) if allegations of sexual exploitation or abuse 
                arise.
            (7) The adoption of a United Nations policy that bars troop- 
        or police-contributing countries that fail to fulfill their 
        obligation to ensure good order and discipline among their 
        troops from providing any further troops for peace operations or 
        restricts peacekeeper reimbursements to such countries until

[[Page 130 STAT. 1919]]

        appropriate training, institutional reform, and oversight 
        mechanisms to prevent such problems from recurring have been put 
        in place.
            (8) The implementation of appropriate risk reduction 
        policies, including refusal by the United Nations to deploy 
        uniformed personnel from any troop- or police-contributing 
        country that does not adequately--
                    (A) investigate allegations of sexual exploitation 
                or abuse involving nationals of such country; and
                    (B) ensure justice for those personnel determined to 
                have been responsible for such sexual exploitation or 
                abuse.

    (d) Implementation.--The United States Permanent Representative to 
the United Nations shall use the voice, vote, and influence of the 
United States at the United Nations to advance the objectives of the 
strategy required by subsection (a).
    (e) Peacekeeping Training.--The United States should deny further 
United States peacekeeper training or related assistance, except for 
training specifically designed to reduce the incidence of sexual 
exploitation or abuse, or to assist in its identification or 
prosecution, to any troop- or police-contributing country that does 
not--
            (1) implement and maintain effective measures to enhance the 
        discovery of sexual exploitation and abuse offenses committed by 
        peacekeeping personnel who are nationals of such country;
            (2) adequately respond to complaints about such offenses by 
        carrying out swift and effective disciplinary action against the 
        personnel who are found to have committed such offenses; and
            (3) provide detailed reporting to the ombudsman described in 
        subsection (c)(4) (or other appropriate United Nations official) 
        that describes the offenses committed by the nationals of such 
        country and such country's responses to such offenses.

    (f) Assistance.--The United States should develop support mechanisms 
to assist troop- or police-contributing countries, as necessary and 
appropriate--
            (1) to improve their capacity to investigate allegations of 
        sexual exploitation and abuse offenses committed by nationals of 
        such countries while participating in a United Nations 
        peacekeeping operation; and
            (2) to appropriately hold accountable any individual who 
        commits an act of sexual exploitation or abuse.

    (g) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Human Rights Reporting.--In 
coordination with the ombudsman described in subsection (c)(4) (or other 
appropriate United Nations official), the Secretary shall identify, in 
the Department's annual country reports on human rights practices, the 
countries of origin of any peacekeeping personnel or units that--
            (1) are characterized by noteworthy patterns of sexual 
        exploitation or abuse; or
            (2) have failed to institute appropriate institutional and 
        procedural reforms after being made aware of any such patterns.
SEC. 302. <<NOTE: 22 USC 287 note.>> REIMBURSEMENT OF CONTRIBUTING 
                        COUNTRIES.

    It is the policy of the United States that--

[[Page 130 STAT. 1920]]

            (1) the present formula for determining the troop 
        reimbursement rate paid to troop- and police-contributing 
        countries for United Nations peacekeeping operations should be 
        clearly explained and made available to the public on the United 
        Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations website;
            (2) regular audits of the nationally-determined pay and 
        benefits given to personnel from troop- and police-contributing 
        countries participating in United Nations peacekeeping 
        operations should be conducted to help inform the reimbursement 
        rate referred to in paragraph (1); and
            (3) the survey mechanism developed by the United Nations 
        Secretary General's Senior Advisory Group on Peacekeeping 
        Operations for collecting troop- and police-contributing country 
        data on common and extraordinary expenses associated with 
        deploying personnel to peacekeeping operations should be 
        coordinated with the audits described in paragraph (2) to ensure 
        proper oversight and accountability.
SEC. 303. <<NOTE: 22 USC 287 note.>>  WITHHOLDING OF ASSISTANCE.

    It is the policy of the United States that security assistance 
should not be provided to any unit of the security forces of a foreign 
country if such unit has engaged in a gross violation of human rights or 
in acts of sexual exploitation or abuse, including while serving in a 
United Nations peacekeeping operation.
SEC. 304. <<NOTE: 22 USC 287 note.>> UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING 
                        ASSESSMENT FORMULA.

    The Secretary shall direct the United States Permanent 
Representative to the United Nations to use the voice, vote, and 
influence of the United States at the United Nations to urge the United 
Nations to share the raw data used to calculate Member State 
peacekeeping assessment rates and to make available the formula for 
determining peacekeeping assessments.
SEC. 305. <<NOTE: President. 22 USC 287 note.>>  REIMBURSEMENT OR 
                        APPLICATION OF CREDITS.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President shall 
direct the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations 
to use the voice, vote, and influence of the United States at the United 
Nations to seek and timely obtain a commitment from the United Nations 
to make available to the United States any peacekeeping credits that are 
generated from a closed peacekeeping operation.
SEC. 306. REPORT ON UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED 
                        NATIONS RELATING TO PEACEKEEPING 
                        OPERATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (1) of section 4(c) of the United Nations 
Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287b(c)) is amended--
            (1) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
                    ``(A) A description of all assistance from the 
                United States to the United Nations to support 
                peacekeeping operations that--
                          ``(i) was provided during the previous fiscal 
                      year;
                          ``(ii) is expected to be provided during the 
                      fiscal year; or
                          ``(iii) is included in the annual budget 
                      request to Congress for the forthcoming fiscal 
                      year.'';
            (2) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:

[[Page 130 STAT. 1921]]

                    ``(D) For assessed or voluntary contributions 
                described in subparagraph (B)(iii) or (C)(iii) that 
                exceed $100,000 in value, including in-kind 
                contributions--
                          ``(i) the total amount or estimated value of 
                      all such contributions to the United Nations and 
                      to each of its affiliated agencies and related 
                      bodies;
                          ``(ii) the nature and estimated total value of 
                      all in-kind contributions in support of United 
                      Nations peacekeeping operations and other 
                      international peacekeeping operations, including--
                                    ``(I) logistics;
                                    ``(II) airlift;
                                    ``(III) arms and materiel;
                                    ``(IV) nonmilitary technology and 
                                equipment;
                                    ``(V) personnel; and
                                    ``(VI) training;
                          ``(iii) the approximate percentage of all such 
                      contributions to the United Nations and to each 
                      such agency or body when compared with all 
                      contributions to the United Nations and to each 
                      such agency or body from any source; and
                          ``(iv) for each such United States Government 
                      contribution to the United Nations and to each 
                      such agency or body--
                                    ``(I) the amount or value of the 
                                contribution;
                                    ``(II) a description of the 
                                contribution, including whether it is an 
                                assessed or voluntary contribution;
                                    ``(III) the purpose of the 
                                contribution;
                                    ``(IV) the department or agency of 
                                the United States Government responsible 
                                for the contribution; and
                                    ``(V) the United Nations or United 
                                Nations affiliated agency or related 
                                body that received the contribution.''; 
                                and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) The report required under this subsection 
                shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include 
                a classified annex.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Web posting. 22 USC 287b note.>>  Public Availability of 
Information.--Not later than 14 days after submitting each report under 
section 4(c) of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 
287b(c)), the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall post 
a text-based, searchable version of any unclassified information 
described in paragraph (1)(D) of such section (as amended by subsection 
(a) of this section) on a publicly available website.
SEC. 307. <<NOTE: President. 22 USC 287 note.>>  WHISTLEBLOWER 
                        PROTECTIONS FOR UNITED NATIONS PERSONNEL.

    The President shall direct the United States Permanent 
Representative to the United Nations to use the voice, vote, and 
influence of the United States at the United Nations to--
            (1) call for the removal of any official of the United 
        Nations or of any United Nations agency, program, commission, or 
        fund who the Secretary has determined has failed to uphold the 
        highest standards of ethics and integrity established by the 
        United Nations, including such standards specified in

[[Page 130 STAT. 1922]]

        United Nations Codes of Conduct and Codes of Ethics, or whose 
        conduct, with respect to preventing sexual exploitation and 
        abuse by United Nations peacekeepers, has resulted in the 
        erosion of public confidence in the United Nations;
            (2) ensure that best practices with regard to whistleblower 
        protections are extended to all personnel serving the United 
        Nations or serving any United Nations agency, program, 
        commission, or fund, especially personnel participating in 
        United Nations peacekeeping operations, United Nations police 
        officers, United Nations staff, contractors, and victims of 
        misconduct, wrongdoing, or criminal behavior involving United 
        Nations personnel;
            (3) ensure that the United Nations implements protective 
        measures for whistleblowers who report significant allegations 
        of misconduct, wrongdoing, or criminal behavior by personnel 
        serving the United Nations or serving any United Nations agency, 
        program, commission, or fund, especially personnel participating 
        in United Nations peacekeeping operations, United Nations staff, 
        or contractors, specifically by implementing best practices for 
        the protection of such whistleblowers from retaliation, 
        including--
                    (A) protection against retaliation for internal and 
                lawful public disclosures;
                    (B) legal burdens of proof;
                    (C) statutes of limitation for reporting 
                retaliation;
                    (D) access to independent adjudicative bodies, 
                including external arbitration; and
                    (E) results that eliminate the effects of proven 
                retaliation;
            (4) insist that the United Nations provides adequate redress 
        to any whistleblower who has suffered from retribution in 
        violation of the protective measures specified in paragraph (3), 
        including reinstatement to any position from which such 
        whistleblower was wrongfully removed, or reassignment to a 
        comparable position at the same level of pay, plus any 
        compensation for any arrearage in salary to which such 
        whistleblower would have otherwise been entitled but for the 
        wrongful retribution;
            (5) call for public disclosure of the number and general 
        description of--
                    (A) complaints submitted to the United Nations' 
                Ethics Office, local Conduct and Discipline teams, or 
                other entity designated to receive complaints from 
                whistleblowers;
                    (B) determinations that probable cause exists to 
                conduct an investigation, and specification of the 
                entity conducting such investigation, including the 
                Office of Internal Oversight Services, the Office of 
                Audit and Investigations (for UNDP), the Office of 
                Internal Audit (for UNICEF), and the Inspector General's 
                Office (for UNHCR);
                    (C) dispositions of such investigations, including 
                dismissal and referral for adjudication, specifying the 
                adjudicating entity, such as the United Nations Dispute 
                Tribunal; and
                    (D) results of adjudication, including disciplinary 
                measures proscribed and whether such measures were 
                effected, including information with respect to 
                complaints regarding allegations of sexual exploitation 
                and abuse by United

[[Page 130 STAT. 1923]]

                Nations peacekeepers, allegations of fraud in 
                procurement and contracting, and all other allegations 
                of misconduct, wrongdoing, or criminal behavior;
            (6) insist that the full, unredacted text of any 
        investigation or adjudication referred to in paragraph (5) are 
        made available to Member States upon request; and
            (7) call for an examination of the feasibility of 
        establishing a stand-alone agency at the United Nations, 
        independent of the Secretary General, to investigate all 
        allegations of misconduct, wrongdoing, or criminal behavior, 
        reporting to the Member States of the General Assembly, paid for 
        from the United Nations regular budget, to replace existing 
        investigative bodies, including the Office of Internal Oversight 
        Services, the Office of Audit and Investigations, the Office of 
        Internal Audit, and the offices of inspectors general of 
        relevant United Nations agencies .
SEC. 308. ENCOURAGING EMPLOYMENT OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS AT THE 
                        UNITED NATIONS.

    Section 181 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 276c-4) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 181. <<NOTE: Deadlines. Reports. Assessments.>>  EMPLOYMENT 
                        OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS BY CERTAIN 
                        INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    ``Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the 
Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2017, and annually 
thereafter for 3 years, the Secretary of State shall submit to Congress 
a report that provides--
            ``(1) for each international organization that had a 
        geographic distribution formula in effect on January 1, 1991, an 
        assessment of whether that organization--
                    ``(A) is taking good faith steps to increase the 
                staffing of United States citizens, including, as 
                appropriate, as assessment of any additional steps the 
                organization could be taking to increase such staffing; 
                and
                    ``(B) has met the requirements of its geographic 
                distribution formula; and
            ``(2) an assessment of United States representation among 
        professional and senior-level positions at the United Nations, 
        including--
                    ``(A) an assessment of the proportion of United 
                States citizens employed at the United Nations 
                Secretariat and at all United Nations specialized 
                agencies, funds, and programs relative to the total 
                employment at the United Nations Secretariat and at all 
                such agencies, funds, and programs;
                    ``(B) an assessment of compliance by the United 
                Nations Secretariat and such agencies, funds, and 
                programs with any applicable geographic distribution 
                formula; and
                    ``(C) a description of any steps taken or planned to 
                be taken by the United States to increase the staffing 
                of United States citizens at the United Nations 
                Secretariat and such agencies, funds and programs.''.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1924]]

SEC. 309. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2414a note.>>  STATEMENT OF POLICY ON 
                        MEMBER STATE'S VOTING PRACTICES AT THE 
                        UNITED NATIONS.

    It is the policy of the United States to strongly consider a Member 
State's voting practices at the United Nations before entering into any 
agreements with the Member State.
SEC. 310. <<NOTE: 22 USC 287 note.>>  QUALIFICATIONS OF THE UNITED 
                        NATIONS SECRETARY GENERAL.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--The Secretary shall direct the United States 
Permanent Representative to the United Nations to use the voice, vote, 
and influence of the United States at the United Nations to urge each 
future candidate for the position of the United Nations Secretary 
General to circulate to the Member States of the General Assembly a 
description of his or her priorities and objectives for leading the 
organization and ensuring that it upholds the principles outlined by the 
United Nations Charter, including specific recommendations to improve 
strategic planning and enact far-reaching management, performance, and 
accountability reforms.
    (b) Proposal for United Nations Reform.--The descriptions referred 
to in subsection (a) shall include the following elements:
            (1) A process for determining the goals, objectives, and 
        benchmarks for the timely withdrawal of peacekeeping forces 
        prior to the approval by the United Nations Security Council of 
        a new or expanded peacekeeping operation.
            (2) A proposal for ensuring that the numbers and 
        qualifications of staff are clearly aligned with the specific 
        needs of each United Nations agency, mission, and program, 
        including measures to ensure that such agencies, missions, and 
        programs have the flexibility needed to hire and release 
        employees as workforce needs change over time.

    (c) Statement of Policy.--It is the policy of the United States to 
withhold support for any candidate for the position of United Nations 
Secretary General unless such candidate has produced a clear vision for 
leading the United Nations, including a robust reform agenda as 
described in subsection (b), and circulated such l to the Member States 
of the General Assembly.
SEC. 311. POLICY REGARDING THE UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS 
                        COUNCIL.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States should use its voice, vote, and influence at the United Nations 
to work to ensure that--
            (1) the United Nations Human Rights Council takes steps to 
        remove permanent items on the United Nations Human Rights 
        Council's agenda or program of work that target or single out a 
        specific country or a specific territory or territories;
            (2) the United Nations Human Rights Council does not include 
        a Member State of the United Nations--
                    (A) subject to sanctions by the United Nations 
                Security Council;
                    (B) under a United Nations Security Council-mandated 
                investigation for human rights abuses;
                    (C) which the Secretary has determined, for purposes 
                of section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 
                (as continued in effect pursuant to the International 
                Emergency Economic Powers Act), section 40 of the Arms 
                Export Control Act, section 620A of the Foreign 
                Assistance Act

[[Page 130 STAT. 1925]]

                of 1961, or other provision of law, is a government that 
                has repeatedly provided support for acts of 
                international terrorism; or
                    (D) which the President has designated as a country 
                of particular concern for religious freedom under 
                section 402(b) of the International Religious Freedom 
                Act of 1998; and
            (3) the percentage of United States citizens employed at the 
        senior level in each of the Research and Right to Development 
        Division, the Human Rights Treaties Division, the Field 
        Operations and Technical Cooperation Division, and the Human 
        Rights Council and Special Procedures Division of the United 
        Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner during the 
        most recently completed plenary session of the United Nations 
        General Assembly is at least equivalent to the percentage of the 
        total United States assessed contribution to the United Nations 
        regular budget during such plenary session of the United Nations 
        General Assembly.

    (b) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Report.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for each 
of the following 5 years, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report that describes--
            (1) the resolutions that were considered in the United 
        Nations Human Rights Council during the previous 12 months;
            (2) the steps that have been taken during that 12-month 
        period to remove permanent items on the United Nations Human 
        Rights Council's agenda or program of work that target or single 
        out a specific country or a specific territory or territories;
            (3) <<NOTE: Lists.>>  a detailed list of any country 
        currently on, or running for a seat on, the United Nations Human 
        Rights Council that meets any of the criteria described in 
        subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of subsection (a)(3); and
            (4) the current employment breakdown by nationality at each 
        of the four major divisions of the United Nations Human Rights 
        Office of the High Commissioner as specified in subsection 
        (a)(4).
SEC. 312. <<NOTE: 22 USC 287b-1.>>  ADDITIONAL REPORT ON OTHER 
                        UNITED STATES CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE UNITED 
                        NATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the Director of the 
Office of Management and Budget shall submit to Congress a report on all 
assessed and voluntary contributions with a value greater than $100,000, 
including in-kind, of the United States Government to the United Nations 
and its affiliated agencies and related bodies during the previous 
fiscal year.
    (b) Content.--The report required under subsection (a) shall include 
the following elements:
            (1) The total amount of all assessed and voluntary 
        contributions, including in-kind, of the United States 
        Government to the United Nations and its affiliated agencies and 
        related bodies during the previous fiscal year.
            (2) The approximate percentage of United States Government 
        contributions to each United Nations affiliated agency or body 
        in such fiscal year when compared with all contributions

[[Page 130 STAT. 1926]]

        to each such agency or body from any source in such fiscal year.
            (3) For each such United States Government contribution--
                    (A) the amount of each such contribution;
                    (B) a description of each such contribution 
                (including whether assessed or voluntary);
                    (C) the department or agency of the United States 
                Government responsible for each such contribution;
                    (D) the purpose of each such contribution; and
                    (E) the United Nations or its affiliated agency or 
                related body receiving the contribution.

    (c) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Scope of Initial Report.--The first 
report required under subsection (a) shall include the information 
required under this section for the previous 3 fiscal years.

    (d) <<NOTE: Web posting.>>  Public Availability of Information.--Not 
later than 14 days after submitting a report required under subsection 
(a), the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall post a 
public version of such report on a text-based, searchable, and publicly 
available Internet Web site.
SEC. 313. COMPARATIVE REPORT ON PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report on the costs, strengths, 
and limitations of United States and United Nations peacekeeping 
operations, which shall include--
            (1) a comparison of the costs of current United Nations 
        peacekeeping operations and the estimated cost of comparable 
        United States peacekeeping operations; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of the strengths and 
        limitations of--
                    (A) a peacekeeping operation led by the United 
                States; and
                    (B) a peacekeeping operation led by the United 
                Nations.

              TITLE IV--PERSONNEL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES

SEC. 401. <<NOTE: 22 USC 3968a.>>  LOCALLY-EMPLOYED STAFF WAGES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Market-Responsive Staff Wages.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act and periodically 
thereafter, the Secretary shall establish and implement a prevailing 
wage rates goal for positions in the local compensation plan, as 
described in section 408 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3968), at each diplomatic post that--
            (1) is based on the specific recruiting and retention needs 
        of each such post and local labor market conditions, as 
        determined annually; and
            (2) is not less than the 50th percentile of the prevailing 
        wage for comparable employment in the labor market surrounding 
        each such post.

    (b) Exception.--The prevailing wage rate goal established under 
subsection (a) shall not apply if compliance with such subsection would 
be inconsistent with applicable United States law, the law in the 
locality of employment, or the public interest.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1927]]

    (c) Recordkeeping Requirement.--The analytical assumptions 
underlying the calculation of wage levels at each diplomatic post under 
subsection (a), and the data upon which such calculation is based--
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  shall be filed electronically 
        and retained for not less than 5 years; and
            (2) shall be made available to the appropriate congressional 
        committees upon request.
SEC. 402. EXPANSION OF CIVIL SERVICE OPPORTUNITIES.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Department should--
            (1) expand the Overseas Development Program from 20 
        positions to not fewer than 40 positions within 1 year of the 
        date of the enactment of this Act;
            (2) analyze the costs and benefits of further expansion of 
        the Overseas Development Program; and
            (3) expand the Overseas Development Program to more than 40 
        positions if the benefits identified in paragraph (2) outweigh 
        the costs identified in such paragraph.
SEC. 403. PROMOTION TO THE SENIOR FOREIGN SERVICE.

    Section 601(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
4001(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(6)(A) The promotion of any individual joining the Service on or 
after January 1, 2017, to the Senior Foreign Service shall be contingent 
upon such individual completing at least one tour in--
            ``(i) a global affairs bureau; or
            ``(ii) a global affairs position.

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  The requirements under subparagraph 
(A) shall not apply if the Secretary certifies that the individual 
proposed for promotion to the Senior Foreign Service--
            ``(i) has met all other requirements applicable to such 
        promotion; and
            ``(ii) was unable to complete a tour in a global affairs 
        bureau or global affairs position because there was not a 
        reasonable opportunity for such individual to be assigned to 
        such a position.

    ``(C) <<NOTE: Definitions.>>  In this paragraph--
            ``(i) the term `global affairs bureau' means any bureau of 
        the Department that is under the responsibility of--
                    ``(I) the Under Secretary for Economic Growth, 
                Energy, and Environment;
                    ``(II) the Under Secretary for Arms Control and 
                International Security Affairs;
                    ``(III) the Under Secretary for Management;
                    ``(IV) the Assistant Secretary for International 
                Organization Affairs;
                    ``(V) the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and 
                Public Affairs; or
                    ``(VI) the Under Secretary for Civilian, Security, 
                Democracy, and Human Rights; and
            ``(ii) the term `global affairs position' means any position 
        funded with amounts appropriated to the Department under the 
        heading `Diplomatic Policy and Support'.''.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1928]]

SEC. 404. LATERAL ENTRY INTO THE FOREIGN SERVICE.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the Foreign 
Service should permit mid-career entry into the Foreign Service for 
qualified individuals who are willing to bring their outstanding talents 
and experiences to the work of the Foreign Service.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
establish a 3-year pilot program for lateral entry into the Foreign 
Service that--
            (1) targets mid-career individuals from the civil service 
        and private sector who have skills and experience that would be 
        extremely valuable to the Foreign Service;
            (2) is in full comportment with current Foreign Service 
        intake procedures, including the requirement to pass the Foreign 
        Service exam;
            (3) offers participants in such pilot program placement in 
        the Foreign Service at a grade level higher than FS-4 if such 
        placement is warranted by the education and qualifying 
        experience of such individuals;
            (4) requires only one directed assignment in a position 
        appropriate to such pilot program participant's grade level;
            (5) includes, as part of the required initial training, a 
        class or module that specifically prepares participants in such 
        pilot program for life in the Foreign Service, including 
        conveying to such participants essential elements of the 
        practical knowledge that is normally acquired during a Foreign 
        Service officer's initial assignments; and
            (6) includes an annual assessment of the progress of such 
        pilot program by a review board consisting of Department 
        officials with appropriate expertise, including employees of the 
        Foreign Service, in order to evaluate such pilot program's 
        success.

    (c) Annual Reporting.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and annually thereafter for the duration of the 
pilot program described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report that describes the 
following:
            (1) The cumulative number of accepted and unaccepted 
        applicants to such pilot program.
            (2) The cumulative number of pilot program participants 
        placed into each Foreign Service cone.
            (3) The grade level at which each pilot program participant 
        entered the Foreign Service.
            (4) Information about the first assignment to which each 
        pilot program participant was directed.
            (5) The structure and operation of such pilot program, 
        including--
                    (A) the operation of such pilot program to date; and
                    (B) any observations and lessons learned about such 
                pilot program that the Secretary considers relevant.

    (d) Longitudinal Data.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) collect and maintain data on the career progression of 
        each pilot program participant for the length of each 
        participant's Foreign Service career; and
            (2) make the data described in paragraph (1) available to 
        the appropriate congressional committees upon request.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1929]]

SEC. 405. REEMPLOYMENT OF ANNUITANTS AND WORKFORCE RIGHTSIZING.

    (a) Waiver of Annuity Limitations.--Subsection (g) of section 824 of 
the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4064) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``to facilitate the'' 
        and all that follows through ``Afghanistan,'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).

    (b) Repeal of Sunset Provision.--Subsection (a) of section 61 of the 
State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2733) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>>  Authority.--The Secretary of 
State may waive the application of section 8344 or 8468 of title 5, 
United States Code, on a case-by-case basis, for employment of an 
annuitant in a position in the Department of State for which there is 
exceptional difficulty in recruiting or retaining a qualified employee, 
or when a temporary emergency hiring need exists.''.

    (c) Rightsizing Report.--On the date on which the President's annual 
budget request is submitted to Congress each year through 2022, the 
Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report that describes the implementation status of all rightsizing 
recommendations made by the Office of Management, Policy, Rightsizing, 
and Innovation of the Department related to overseas staffing levels, 
including whether each such recommendation was accepted or rejected by 
the relevant chief of mission and regional bureau.
SEC. 406. <<NOTE: 22 USC 3299c.>>  INTEGRATION OF FOREIGN ECONOMIC 
                        POLICY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary, in conjunction with the Under 
Secretary of Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, shall 
establish--
            (1) foreign economic policy priorities for each regional 
        bureau, including for individual countries, as appropriate; and
            (2) policies and guidance for integrating such foreign 
        economic policy priorities throughout the Department.

    (b) Deputy Assistant Secretary.--Within each regional bureau of the 
Department, the Secretary shall task an existing Deputy Assistant 
Secretary with appropriate training and background in economic and 
commercial affairs with the responsibility for economic matters and 
interests within the responsibilities of each such regional bureau, 
including the integration of the foreign economic policy priorities 
established pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Training.--The Secretary shall establish curriculum at the 
George P. Shultz National Foreign Affairs Training Center to develop the 
practical foreign economic policy expertise and skill sets of Foreign 
Service officers, including by making available distance-learning 
courses in commercial, economic, and business affairs, including in the 
following:
            (1) The global business environment.
            (2) The economics of development.
            (3) Development and infrastructure finance.
            (4) Current trade and investment agreements negotiations.
            (5) Implementing existing multilateral and World Trade 
        Organization agreements, and United States trade and investment 
        agreements.
            (6) Best practices for customs and export procedures.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1930]]

            (7) Market analysis and global supply chain management.
SEC. 407. TRAINING SUPPORT SERVICES.

    Subparagraph (B) of section 704(a)(4) of the Foreign Service Act of 
1980 (22 U.S.C. 4024(a)(4)) is amended by striking ``language 
instructors, linguists, and other academic and training specialists'' 
and inserting ``education and training specialists, including language 
instructors and linguists, and other specialists who perform work 
directly relating to the design, delivery, oversight, or coordination of 
training delivered by the institution''.
SEC. 408. SPECIAL AGENTS.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (1) of section 37(a) of the State 
Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2709(a)) is amended 
to read as follows:
            ``(1) conduct investigations concerning--
                    ``(A) illegal passport or visa issuance or use;
                    ``(B) identity theft or document fraud affecting or 
                relating to the programs, functions, or authorities of 
                the Department of State; or
                    ``(C) Federal offenses committed within the special 
                maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United 
                States (as defined in section 7(9) of title 18, United 
                States Code), except as such jurisdiction relates to the 
                premises of United States military missions and related 
                residences;''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 22 USC 2709 note.>>  Construction.--Nothing in the 
amendment made by subsection (a) may be construed to limit the 
investigative authority of any Federal department or agency other than 
the Department.
SEC. 409. LIMITED APPOINTMENTS IN THE FOREIGN SERVICE.

    Section 309 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3949), is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
        inserting ``subsections (b) and (c)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``if continued service'' and 
                      inserting the following: ``if--
            ``(A) continued service'';
                          (ii) in such subparagraph (A) (as so inserted 
                      and designated by clause (i) of this 
                      subparagraph), by inserting ``or'' after the 
                      semicolon at the end; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:
            ``(B) the individual is serving in the uniformed services 
        (as defined in section 4303 of title 38, United States Code) and 
        the limited appointment expires in the course of such 
        service;'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:

    ``(6) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  in exceptional circumstances if the 
Secretary determines the needs of the Service require the extension of--
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  a limited noncareer 
        appointment for a period not to exceed 1 year; or

[[Page 130 STAT. 1931]]

            ``(B) a limited appointment of a career candidate for the 
        minimum time needed to resolve a grievance, claim, 
        investigation, or complaint not otherwise provided for in this 
        section.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(c)(1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Except as provided in paragraph (2) 
noncareer employees who have served for 5 consecutive years under a 
limited appointment under this section may be reappointed to a 
subsequent noncareer limited appointment if there is at least a 1-year 
break in service before such new appointment.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Waiver.>>  The Secretary may waive the 1-year break 
requirement under paragraph (1) in cases of special need.''.
SEC. 410. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2734b.>>  REPORT ON DIVERSITY 
                        RECRUITMENT, EMPLOYMENT, RETENTION, AND 
                        PROMOTION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary should provide oversight to the 
employment, retention, and promotion of traditionally underrepresented 
minority groups.
    (b) Additional Recruitment and Outreach Required.--The Department 
should conduct recruitment activities that--
            (1) develop and implement effective mechanisms to ensure 
        that the Department is able effectively to recruit and retain 
        highly qualified candidates from a wide diversity of 
        institutions; and
            (2) improve and expand recruitment and outreach programs at 
        minority-serving institutions.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act and quadrennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a comprehensive report that describes the efforts, consistent 
with existing law, including procedures, effects, and results of the 
Department since the period covered by the prior such report, to promote 
equal opportunity and inclusion for all American employees in direct 
hire and personal service contractors status, particularly employees of 
the Foreign Service, including equal opportunity for all traditionally 
underrepresented minority groups.
SEC. 411. MARKET DATA FOR COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report that examines the feasibility and cost effectiveness 
of using private sector market data to determine cost of living 
adjustments for Foreign Service officers and Federal Government 
civilians who are stationed abroad.
    (b) <<NOTE: Lists.>>  Content.--The report required under subsection 
(a) shall include--
            (1) a list of at least four private sector providers of 
        international cost-of-living data that the Secretary determines 
        are qualified to provide such data;
            (2) a list of cities in which the Department maintains 
        diplomatic posts for which private sector cost-of-living data is 
        not available;
            (3) a comparison of--
                    (A) the cost of purchasing cost-of-living data from 
                each provider listed in paragraph (1); and
                    (B) the cost (including Department labor costs) of 
                producing such rates internally; and

[[Page 130 STAT. 1932]]

            (4) for countries in which the Department provides a cost-
        of-living allowance greater than zero and the World Bank 
        estimates that the national price level of the country is less 
        than the national price level of the United States, a comparison 
        of cost-of-living allowances, excluding housing costs, of the 
        private sector providers referred to in paragraph (1) to rates 
        constructed by the Department's Office of Allowances.

    (c) <<NOTE: Determination. Notification.>>  Waiver.--If the 
Secretary determines that compliance with subsection (b)(4) at a 
particular location is cost-prohibitive, the Secretary may waive the 
requirement under such subsection for such location if the Secretary 
submits to the appropriate congressional committees written notice and 
an explanation of the reasons for such waiver.
SEC. 412. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT TO FEDERAL WORKFORCE FLEXIBILITY 
                        ACT.

    Chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) <<NOTE: 5 USC 5753.>>  in subparagraph (A) of section 
        5753(a)(2), by inserting ``, excluding members of the Foreign 
        Service other than chiefs of mission and ambassadors at large'' 
        before the semicolon at the end; and
            (2) in subparagraph (A) of section 5754(a)(2), by inserting 
        ``, excluding members of the Foreign Service other than chiefs 
        of mission and ambassadors at large'' before the semicolon at 
        the end.
SEC. 413. RETENTION OF MID- AND SENIOR-LEVEL PROFESSIONALS FROM 
                        TRADITIONALLY UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY 
                        GROUPS.

    The Secretary should provide attention and oversight to the 
employment, retention, and promotion of traditionally underrepresented 
minority groups to promote a diverse representation among mid- and 
senior-level career professionals through programs such as--
            (1) the International Career Advancement Program;
            (2) Seminar XXI at the Massachusetts Institute of 
        Technology's Center for International Studies; and
            (3) other highly respected international leadership 
        programs.
SEC. 414. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2734c.>>  EMPLOYEE ASSIGNMENT 
                        RESTRICTIONS.

    (a) Appeal of Assignment Restriction.--The Secretary shall establish 
a right and process for employees to appeal any assignment restriction 
or preclusion.
    (b) Certification.--Upon full implementation of a right and process 
for employees to appeal an assignment restriction or preclusion under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committee a report that--
            (1) certifies that such process has been fully implemented;
            (2) includes a detailed description of such process; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  details the number and nature of 
        assignment restrictions and preclusions for the previous 3 
        years.

    (c) Notice.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Publication.>>  publish in the Foreign Affairs 
        Manual information relating to the right and process established 
        pursuant to subsection (a); and
            (2) include a reference to such publication in the report 
        required under subsection (b).

[[Page 130 STAT. 1933]]

    (d) Prohibiting Discrimination.--Paragraph (2) of section 502(a) of 
the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3982(a)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or prohibited from being assigned to'' 
        after ``assigned to''; and
            (2) by striking ``exclusively''.
SEC. 415. SECURITY CLEARANCE SUSPENSIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 610 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4010) is amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting the 
        following: ``separation for cause; suspension''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(c)(1) In order to promote the efficiency of the Service, the 
Secretary may suspend a member of the Service when--
                    ``(A) the member's security clearance is suspended; 
                or
                    ``(B) there is reasonable cause to believe that the 
                member has committed a crime for which a sentence of 
                imprisonment may be imposed.

    ``(2) Any member of the Service for whom a suspension is proposed 
under this subsection shall be entitled to--
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  written notice stating the 
        specific reasons for the proposed suspension;
            ``(B) a reasonable time to respond orally and in writing to 
        the proposed suspension;
            ``(C) obtain at such member's own expense representation by 
        an attorney or other representative; and
            ``(D) a final written decision, including the specific 
        reasons for such decision, as soon as practicable.

    ``(3) Any member suspended under this subsection may file a 
grievance in accordance with the procedures applicable to grievances 
under chapter 11 of title I.
    ``(4) If a grievance is filed pursuant to paragraph (3)--
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Review. Determination.>>  the review by the 
        Foreign Service Grievance Board shall be limited to a 
        determination of whether the provisions of paragraphs (1) and 
        (2) have been fulfilled; and
            ``(B) the Board may not exercise the authority provided 
        under section 1106(8).

    ``(5) <<NOTE: Definitions.>>  In this subsection:
            ``(A) The term `reasonable time' means--
                    ``(i) with respect to a member of the Service 
                assigned to duty in the United States, 15 days after 
                receiving notice of the proposed suspension; and
                    ``(ii) with respect to a member of the Service 
                assigned to duty outside the United States, 30 days 
                after receiving notice of the proposed suspension.
            ``(B) The terms `suspend' and `suspension' mean placing a 
        member of the Foreign Service in a temporary status without 
        duties.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 2 of the 
Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 610 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 610. Separation for cause; Suspension.''.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1934]]

SEC. 416. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE INTEGRATION OF POLICIES RELATED 
                        TO THE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN 
                        PREVENTING AND RESOLVING CONFLICTS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) within each regional bureau of the Department, the 
        Secretary should task an existing Deputy Assistant Secretary 
        with the responsibility for overseeing the integration of policy 
        priorities related to the importance of the participation of 
        women in preventing and resolving conflicts; and
            (2) the Director of the George P. Shultz National Foreign 
        Affairs Training Center should incorporate at least one training 
        session related to the importance of the participation of women 
        in preventing and resolving conflicts into--
                    (A) the A-100 course attended by Foreign Service 
                Officers; and
                    (B) with respect to Foreign Service Officers who 
                have completed the A-100 course, at least one training 
                course that will be completed not later than the date 
                that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act.
SEC. 417. <<NOTE: Deadline. Reports.>>  FOREIGN SERVICE FAMILIES 
                        WORKFORCE STUDY.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report on workforce issues and challenges to career opportunities 
pertaining to tandem couples in the Foreign Service as well as couples 
with respect to which only one spouse is in the Foreign Service.
SEC. 418. <<NOTE: Deadline. Reports.>>  SPECIAL ENVOYS, 
                        REPRESENTATIVES, ADVISORS, AND 
                        COORDINATORS OF THE DEPARTMENT.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report on special envoys, representatives, advisors, and coordinators of 
the Department, that includes--
            (1) a tabulation of the current names, ranks, positions, and 
        responsibilities of all special envoy, representative, advisor, 
        and coordinator positions at the Department, with a separate 
        accounting of all such positions at the level of Assistant 
        Secretary (or equivalent) or above; and
            (2) for each position identified pursuant to paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the date on which such position was created;
                    (B) the mechanism by which such position was 
                created, including the authority under which such 
                position was created;
                    (C) such positions authorized under section (d) of 
                section 1 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act 
                of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a);
                    (D) a description of whether, and the extent to 
                which, the responsibilities assigned to such position 
                duplicate the responsibilities of other current 
                officials within the Department, including other special 
                envoys, representatives, advisors, and coordinators;
                    (E) which current official of the Department would 
                be assigned the responsibilities of such position in the 
                absence of such position;
                    (F) to which current official of the Department such 
                position directly reports;

[[Page 130 STAT. 1935]]

                    (G) the total number of staff assigned to support 
                such position; and
                    (H) with the exception of positions created by 
                statute, a detailed explanation of the necessity of such 
                position to the effective conduct of the foreign affairs 
                of the United States.
SEC. 419. <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefings.>>  COMBATING ANTI-SEMITISM.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism of the Office to 
Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism of the Department shall provide to the 
appropriate congressional committees a briefing on United States support 
to, and opportunities to coordinate with, American and European Jewish 
and other civil society organizations, focusing on youth, to combat 
anti-Semitism and other forms of religious, ethnic, or racial 
intolerance in Europe.

                      TITLE V--CONSULAR AUTHORITIES

SEC. 501. CODIFICATION OF ENHANCED CONSULAR IMMUNITIES.

    Section 4 of the Diplomatic Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 254c) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``The President'' and inserting the 
        following:

    ``(a) In General.--The President''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(b) Consular Immunity.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of State, with the 
        concurrence of the Attorney General, may, on the basis of 
        reciprocity and under such terms and conditions as the Secretary 
        may determine, specify privileges and immunities for a consular 
        post, the members of a consular post, and their families which 
        result in more favorable or less favorable treatment than is 
        provided in the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, of 
        April 24, 1963 (T.I.A.S. 6820), entered into force for the 
        United States on December 24, 1969.
            ``(2) Consultation.--Before exercising the authority under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of State shall consult with the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate regarding the 
        circumstances that may warrant the need for privileges and 
        immunities providing more favorable or less favorable treatment 
        than is provided in the Vienna Convention.''.
SEC. 502. PASSPORTS MADE IN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that all 
components of United States passports, including all passport security 
features, should be printed, manufactured, and assembled exclusively 
within the United States by United States companies and personnel, 
contractors, and subcontractors with appropriate security clearances.
    (b) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Briefings.--The Secretary, in 
coordination with the heads of other relevant Federal agencies, shall 
provide a briefing, which may be given in a classified environment if 
necessary, to the appropriate congressional committees that includes the 
following details:
            (1) <<NOTE: Lists.>>  A list of all components of the United 
        States passport made outside the United States.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1936]]

            (2) The costs of all components of the United States 
        passports made outside the United States.
            (3) Comparable costs to produce and procure in the United 
        States the items identified in paragraphs (1) and (2).

           TITLE VI--WESTERN HEMISPHERE DRUG POLICY COMMISSION

SEC. 601. ESTABLISHMENT.

    There is established an independent commission to be known as the 
``Western Hemisphere Drug Policy Commission'' (in this title referred to 
as the ``Commission'').
SEC. 602. DUTIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Evaluations.>>  Review of Illicit Drug Control 
Policies.--The Commission shall conduct a comprehensive review of United 
States foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere to reduce the illicit 
drug supply and drug abuse and reduce the damage associated with illicit 
drug markets and trafficking. The Commission shall also identify policy 
and program options to improve existing international counternarcotics 
policy. The review shall include the following topics:
            (1) An evaluation of United States-funded international 
        illicit drug control programs in the Western Hemisphere, 
        including drug interdiction, crop eradication, alternative 
        development, drug production surveys, police and justice sector 
        training, demand reduction, and strategies to target drug 
        kingpins.
            (2) An evaluation of the impact of United States 
        counternarcotics assistance programs in the Western Hemisphere, 
        including the Colombia Strategic Development Initiative, the 
        Merida Initiative, the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative and 
        the Central America Regional Security Initiative, in curbing 
        drug production, drug trafficking, and drug-related violence and 
        improving citizen security.
            (3) An evaluation of how the President's annual 
        determination of major drug-transit and major illicit drug 
        producing countries pursuant to section 706 of the Foreign 
        Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2003 (22 U.S.C. 2291j-
        1) serves United States interests with respect to United States 
        international illicit drug control policies.
            (4) An evaluation of whether the proper indicators of 
        success are being used to evaluate United States international 
        illicit drug control policy.
            (5) An evaluation of United States efforts to stop illicit 
        proceeds from drug trafficking organizations from entering the 
        United States financial system.
            (6) An evaluation of the links between the illegal narcotics 
        trade in the Western Hemisphere and terrorist activities around 
        the world.
            (7) An evaluation of United States efforts to combat narco-
        terrorism in the Western Hemisphere.
            (8) An evaluation of the financing of foreign terrorist 
        organizations by drug trafficking organizations and an 
        evaluation of United States efforts to stop such activities.
            (9) An evaluation of alternative drug policy models in the 
        Western Hemisphere.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1937]]

            (10) An evaluation of the impact of local drug consumption 
        in Latin America and the Caribbean in promoting violence and 
        insecurity.
            (11) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations on how 
        best to improve United States counternarcotics policies in the 
        Western Hemisphere.

    (b) Coordination With Governments, International Organizations, and 
Nongovernmental Organizations in the Western Hemisphere.--
In <<NOTE: Consultation.>> conducting the review required under 
subsection (a), the Commission is encouraged to consult with--
            (1) government, academic, and nongovernmental leaders, as 
        well as leaders from international organizations, from 
        throughout the United States, Latin America, and the Caribbean; 
        and
            (2) the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission 
        (CICAD).

    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the first 
        meeting of the Commission, the Commission shall submit to the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, 
        the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the Secretary, 
        and the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy a 
        report that contains--
                    (A) a detailed statement of the recommendations, 
                findings, and conclusions of the Commission under 
                subsection (a); and
                    (B) summaries of the input and recommendations of 
                the leaders and organizations with which the Commission 
                consulted under subsection (b).
            (2) Public availability.--The report required under this 
        subsection shall be made available to the public.
SEC. 603. MEMBERSHIP.

    (a) Number and Appointment.--The Commission shall be composed of 10 
members to be appointed as follows:
            (1) The majority leader and minority leader of the Senate 
        shall each appoint two members.
            (2) The Speaker and the minority leader of the House of 
        Representatives shall each appoint two members.
            (3) <<NOTE: President.>>  The President shall appoint two 
        members.

    (b) Prohibition.--
            (1) In general.--The Commission may not include--
                    (A) Members of Congress; or
                    (B) Federal, State, or local government officials.
            (2) Member of congress.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``Member of Congress'' includes a Delegate or Resident 
        Commissioner to the Congress.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Appointment of Initial Members.--The 
initial members of the Commission shall be appointed not later than 30 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Vacancies.--Any vacancies shall not affect 
the power and duties of the Commission, but shall be filled in the same 
manner as the original appointment. An appointment required by 
subsection (a) should be made within 90 days of a vacancy on the 
Commission.

    (e) Period of Appointment.--Each member shall be appointed for the 
life of the Commission.
    (f) Initial Meeting and Selection of Chairperson.--

[[Page 130 STAT. 1938]]

            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 60 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commission 
        shall hold an initial meeting to develop and implement a 
        schedule for completion of the review and report required under 
        section 362.
            (2) Chairperson.--At the initial meeting, the Commission 
        shall select a Chairperson from among its members.

    (g) Quorum.--Six members of the Commission shall constitute a 
quorum.
    (h) Compensation.--Members of the Commission--
            (1) shall not be considered to be a Federal employee for any 
        purpose by reason of service on the Commission; and
            (2) shall serve without pay.

    (i) Travel Expenses.--Members shall receive travel expenses, 
including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 
5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States Code, while away from their 
homes or regular places of business in performance of services for the 
Commission.
SEC. 604. POWERS.

    (a) Meetings.--The Commission shall meet at the call of the 
Chairperson or a majority of its members.
    (b) Hearings.--The Commission may hold such hearings and undertake 
such other activities as the Commission determines necessary to carry 
out its duties.
    (c) Other Resources.--
            (1) Documents, statistical data, and other such 
        information.--
                    (A) In general.--The Library of Congress, the Office 
                of National Drug Control Policy, the Department, and any 
                other Federal department or agency shall, in accordance 
                with the protection of classified information, provide 
                reasonable access to documents, statistical data, and 
                other such information the Commission determines 
                necessary to carry out its duties.
                    (B) Obtaining information.--The Chairperson of the 
                Commission shall request the head of an agency described 
                in subparagraph (A) for access to documents, statistical 
                data, or other such information described in such 
                subparagraph that is under the control of such agency in 
                writing when necessary.
            (2) Office space and administrative support.--The 
        Administrator of General Services shall make office space 
        available for day-to-day activities of the Commission and for 
        scheduled meetings of the 
        Commission. <<NOTE: Reimbursement.>> Upon request, the 
        Administrator shall provide, on a reimbursable basis, such 
        administrative support as the Commission requests to fulfill its 
        duties.

    (d) Authority To Use United States Mails.--The Commission may use 
the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions 
as other departments and agencies of the United States.
    (e) Authority To Contract.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the Federal Property and 
        Administrative Services Act of 1949, the Commission is 
        authorized to enter into contracts with Federal and State 
        agencies, private firms, institutions, and individuals for the 
        conduct of activities necessary to the discharge of its duties 
        under section 602.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1939]]

            (2) Termination.--A contract, lease, or other legal 
        agreement entered into by the Commission may not extend beyond 
        the date of termination of the Commission.
SEC. 605. STAFF.

    (a) <<NOTE: Appointment.>>  Director.--The Commission shall have a 
Director who shall be appointed by a majority vote of the Commission. 
The Director shall be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay 
for level IV of the Executive Schedule.

    (b) Staff.--
            (1) In general.--With the approval of the Commission, the 
        Director may appoint such personnel as the Director determines 
        to be appropriate. Such personnel shall be paid at a rate not to 
        exceed the rate of basic pay for level IV of the Executive 
        Schedule.
            (2) Additional staff.--The Commission may appoint and fix 
        the compensation of such other personnel as may be necessary to 
        enable the Commission to carry out its duties, without regard to 
        the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing 
        appointments in the competitive service, and without regard to 
        the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of 
        such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay 
        rates, except that no rate of pay fixed under this subsection 
        may exceed the equivalent of that payable to a person occupying 
        a position at level V of the Executive Schedule.

    (c) Experts and Consultants.--With the approval of the Commission, 
the Director may procure temporary and intermittent services under 
section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.
    (d) Detail of Government Employees.--Upon the request of the 
Commission, the head of any Federal agency may detail, without 
reimbursement, any of the personnel of such agency to the Commission to 
assist in carrying out the duties of the Commission. Any such detail 
shall not interrupt or otherwise affect the civil service status or 
privileges of the personnel.
    (e) Volunteer Services.--Notwithstanding section 1342 of title 31, 
United States Code, the Commission may accept and use voluntary and 
uncompensated services as the Commission determines necessary.
SEC. 606. SUNSET.

    The Commission shall terminate on the date that is 60 days after the 
date on which the Commission submits its report to Congress pursuant to 
section 602(c).

                   TITLE VII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 701. FOREIGN RELATIONS EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Exchanges Authorized.--Title I of the State Department Basic 
Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a et seq.) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new section:
``SEC. 63. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2735.>>  FOREIGN RELATIONS EXCHANGE 
                      PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary may establish exchange programs 
under which officers or employees of the Department of State, including 
individuals appointed under title 5, United States

[[Page 130 STAT. 1940]]

Code, and members of the Foreign Service (as defined in section 103 of 
the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3903)), may be assigned, for 
not more than 1 year, to a position with any foreign government or 
international entity that permits an employee to be assigned to a 
position with the Department of State.
    ``(b) Salary and Benefits.--
            ``(1) Members of foreign service.--During a period in which 
        a member of the Foreign Service is participating in an exchange 
        program authorized pursuant to subsection (a), such member shall 
        be entitled to the salary and benefits to which such member 
        would receive but for the assignment under this section.
            ``(2) Non-foreign service employees of department.--An 
        employee of the Department of State other than a member of the 
        Foreign Service participating in an exchange program authorized 
        pursuant to subsection (a) shall be treated in all respects as 
        if detailed to an international organization pursuant to section 
        3343(c) of title 5, United States Code.
            ``(3) Foreign participants.--The salary and benefits of an 
        employee of a foreign government or international entity 
        participating in an exchange program authorized pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall be paid by such government or entity during 
        the period in which such employee is participating in such 
        program, and shall not be reimbursed by the Department of State.

    ``(c) Non-Reciprocal Assignment.--The Secretary may authorize a non-
reciprocal assignment of personnel pursuant to this section, with or 
without reimbursement from the foreign government or international 
entity for all or part of the salary and other expenses payable during 
such assignment, if such is in the interests of the United States.
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to authorize the appointment as an officer or employee of the 
United States of--
            ``(1) an individual whose allegiance is to any country, 
        government, or foreign or international entity other than to the 
        United States; or
            ``(2) an individual who has not met the requirements of 
        sections 3331, 3332, 3333, and 7311 of title 5, United States 
        Code, or any other provision of law concerning eligibility for 
        appointment as, and continuation of employment as, an officer or 
        employee of the United States.''.
SEC. 702. UNITED STATES ADVISORY COMMISSION ON PUBLIC DIPLOMACY.

    (a) In General.--Section 1334 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and 
Restructuring Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6553) is amended by striking 
``October 1, 2015'' and inserting ``October 1, 2020''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Time period. 22 USC 6553 note.>>  Retroactivity of 
Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect 
as of October 1, 2016. Any lapse in powers, authorities, or 
responsibilities of the United States Advisory Commission on Public 
Diplomacy from the period beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on 
the date of the enactment of this Act, shall be deemed to have not so 
lapsed.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1941]]

SEC. 703. BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS.

    (a) Broadcasting to Asia.--Section 309 of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 6208) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``the following 
        countries'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
        and inserting ``Asia.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``the respective 
        countries of''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 22 USC 1465b note.>>  Prohibitions.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        any change to the Federal status of--
                    (A) the Cuba Service established pursuant to section 
                4 of the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act (22 U.S.C. 
                1465b; Public Law 98-111) is prohibited unless such 
                section is explicitly repealed and such service is 
                dissolved by an Act of Congress enacted on or after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act; and
                    (B) the Television Marti Service established by 
                section 244(a) of Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act 
                (22 U.S.C. 1465cc; Public Law 101-246) is prohibited 
                unless such section is explicitly repealed and such 
                service is dissolved by an Act of Congress enacted on or 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``change to 
        the Federal status'', with respect to a service referred to in 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1), includes any 
        significant restructuring, privatization, subordination to a 
        private or private-public entity, or merger with a private or 
        public-private entity of such service.

    (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Broadcasting Board of Governors should start broadcasting in the Sindhi 
language.
SEC. 704. REWARDS FOR JUSTICE.

    (a) Rewards Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--Section 36(b) of the State Department Basic 
        Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708(b)) is amended in 
        paragraphs (4) and (5) by striking ``or (9)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``(9), or (10)''.
            (2) Reports; definitions.--Section 36 of the State 
        Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2708) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Reports on rewards authorized.--Not less than 15 days 
        after a reward is authorized under this section, the Secretary 
        of State shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report, which may be submitted in classified form 
        if necessary to protect intelligence sources and methods, 
        detailing information about the reward, including the identity 
        of the individual for whom the reward is being made, the amount 
        of the reward, the acts with respect to which the reward is 
        being made, and how the reward is being publicized.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (k)(2), by striking 
                ``International Relations'' and inserting ``Foreign 
                Affairs''.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1942]]

            (3) <<NOTE: Applicability. 22 USC 2708 note.>>  Effective 
        date.--The amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2) take effect 
        on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect 
        to any reward authorized under section 36 of the State 
        Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (as so amended) on or 
        after such date.

    (b) Extraditions.--
            (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
        refusal by other countries to extradite or otherwise render to 
        the United States fugitives who have been indicted or convicted 
        within the United States for serious crimes, including murder, 
        hijacking, and acts of domestic terrorism, is an impediment to 
        justice, undermines international security, and deserves high 
        level diplomatic efforts toward resolution.
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing requirement.--Not later 
        than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        President shall provide to Congress a briefing related to the 
        issues raised in paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) the number of fugitives and others for whom the 
                United States Government is seeking extradition or 
                rendition, both in total and listed by country;
                    (B) the average length of time such extradition or 
                rendition requests have been outstanding, both in 
                general and by country;
                    (C) discussion of diplomatic and other efforts the 
                United States has undertaken to secure the return of 
                such fugitives;
                    (D) discussion of factors that have been barriers to 
                the resolution of such cases; and
                    (E) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  information on the 
                number of United States citizens whose extradition has 
                been sought by foreign governments during the past 5 
                years, both in total and listed by country, and a 
                discussion of the outcome of such requests.
SEC. 705. EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF SEIZED 
                        COMMERCIAL FISHERMEN.

    Subsection (e) of section 7 of the Fishermen's Protective Act of 
1967 (22 U.S.C. 1977) is amended by striking ``2008'' and inserting 
``2018''.
SEC. 706. EXPANSION OF THE CHARLES B. RANGEL INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 
                        PROGRAM, THE THOMAS R. PICKERING FOREIGN 
                        AFFAIRS FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM, AND THE DONALD 
                        M. PAYNE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT 
                        FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Additional Fellowships Authorized.--
Beginning in fiscal year 2017, the Secretary shall--
            (1) increase by 10 the number of fellows selected for the 
        Charles B. Rangel International Affairs Program;
            (2) increase by 10 the number of fellows selected for the 
        Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship Program; and
            (3) increase by 5 the number of fellows selected for the 
        Donald M. Payne International Development Fellowship Program.

    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
as authorizing the hiring of additional personnel at the Department 
beyond existing, projected hiring patterns.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1943]]

SEC. 707. GAO REPORT ON DEPARTMENT CRITICAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS 
                        EQUIPMENT OR SERVICES OBTAINED FROM 
                        SUPPLIERS CLOSELY LINKED TO A LEADING 
                        CYBER-THREAT ACTOR.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to Congress a report on any critical telecommunications 
equipment, technologies, or services obtained or used by the Department 
or its contractors or subcontrators that is--
            (1) manufactured by a foreign supplier, or a contractor or 
        subcontractor of such supplier, that is closely linked to a 
        leading cyber-threat actor; or
            (2) from an entity that incorporates or utilizes information 
        technology manufactured by a foreign supplier, or a contractor 
        or subcontractor of such supplier, that is closely linked to a 
        leading cyber-threat actor.

    (b) Form.--The report shall be submitted in unclassified form, but 
may include a classified annex.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Leading cyber-threat actor.--The term ``leading cyber-
        threat actor'' means a country identified as a leading threat 
        actor in cyberspace in the report entitled ``Worldwide Threat 
        Assessment of the US Intelligence Community'', dated February 9, 
        2016.
            (2) Closely linked.--The term ``closely linked'', with 
        respect to a foreign supplier, contractor, or subcontrator and a 
        leading cyber-threat actor, means the foreign supplier, 
        contractor, or subcontractor--
                    (A) has ties to the military forces of such actor;
                    (B) has ties to the intelligence services of such 
                actor;
                    (C) is the beneficiary of significant low interest 
                or no-interest loans, loan forgiveness, or other support 
                of such actor; or
                    (D) is incorporated or headquartered in the 
                territory of such actor.
SEC. 708. <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR INFORMATION 
                        TECHNOLOGY AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
an implementation plan, including timelines and resources, required to--
            (1) establish a hub for analytics, data science, strategy, 
        and knowledge management at the Department; and
            (2) migrate suitable information technology (as such term is 
        defined in section 11101(6) of title 40 United States Code) to a 
        cloud computing service or a cloud-based solution.
SEC. 709. <<NOTE: Deadline. President. Consultation. Reports.>>  
                        RANSOMS TO FOREIGN TERRORIST 
                        ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President, in consultation with the 
Secretary, shall transmit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report covering the previous calendar providing the following details:
            (1) Which foreign governments are believed to have 
        facilitated, directly or indirectly, the payment of ransoms.

[[Page 130 STAT. 1944]]

            (2) Which foreign terrorist organizations received payments 
        from foreign governments identified in paragraph (1).
            (3) The amount of each such payment.
            (4) The means of delivering such payments.
            (5) A summary of the efforts of the United States to counter 
        such payments.
            (6) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations for 
        improving coordination among the foreign allies of the United 
        States to not pay ransoms.

    (b) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  Form.--The report 
required by subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, may 
include a classified annex, shall be made available to the public by 
posting the unclassified form of such report on the website of the 
Department, and may be included in any other report that is required to 
be made public.
SEC. 710. STRATEGY TO COMBAT TERRORIST USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. President. Reports.>>  In General.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the President 
shall transmit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
United States strategy to combat terrorists' and terrorist 
organizations' use of social media consistent with the President's 2011 
``Strategic Implementation Plan for Empowering Local Partners to Prevent 
Violent Extremism in the United States''.

    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of what role social 
        media plays in radicalization in the United States and 
        elsewhere.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of how terrorists and 
        terrorist organizations are using social media, including 
        trends.
            (3) A summary of the Federal Government's efforts to disrupt 
        and counter the use of social media by terrorists and terrorist 
        organizations, an evaluation of the success of such efforts, and 
        recommendations for improvement.
            (4) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of how social media is 
        being used for counter-radicalization and counter-propaganda 
        purposes, irrespective of whether or not such efforts are made 
        by the Federal Government.
            (5) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the value to law 
        enforcement of social media posts by terrorists and terrorist 
        organizations.
            (6) An overview of social media training available to law 
        enforcement and intelligence personnel that enables such 
        personnel to understand and combat the use of social media by 
        terrorists and terrorist organizations, as well as 
        recommendations for improving or expanding existing training 
        opportunities.

    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex in accordance 
with the protection of intelligence sources and methods.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on the 
        Armed Services, the Committee on Homeland Security, the 
        Committee on the Judiciary, and the Permanent Select Committee 
        on Intelligence of the House of Representatives; and

[[Page 130 STAT. 1945]]

            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Armed Services, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs, the Committee on the Judiciary, and the 
        Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
SEC. 711. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION 
                        PRACTICES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report detailing the Department's information 
technology acquisition practices.
    (b) Elements of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following elements:
            (1) Agency chief investment officer authority enhancements, 
        including reporting on incremental developments regarding 
        whether information technology investments are delivering 
        functionality every 6 months.
            (2) Enhanced transparency and risk management, including the 
        methodology for calculating risk.
            (3) The frequency and status of agency-wide portfolio 
        reviews to identify opportunities for information technology 
        efficiency, effectiveness, duplication, and potential savings.
            (4) Data center consolidation and optimization, including 
        potential savings.
SEC. 712. <<NOTE: President. Web posting. 22 USC 3944 note.>>  
                        PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF REPORTS ON NOMINEES 
                        TO BE CHIEFS OF MISSION.

    Not later than 7 days after submitting the report required under 
section 304(a)(4) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3944(a)(4)) to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the 
President shall make the report available to the public, including by 
posting the report on the website of the Department in a conspicuous 
manner and location.
SEC. 713. <<NOTE: 22 USC 2734d.>>  RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION OF 
                        INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE LIVED, WORKED, OR 
                        STUDIED IN PREDOMINANTLY MUSLIM COUNTRIES 
                        OR COMMUNITIES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that successful engagement, including 
robust public diplomacy, with predominantly Muslim countries and 
communities is critical for achieving United States foreign policy 
objectives.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Department should recruit more employees that have a personal background 
in, and thorough understating of, the cultures, languages, and history 
of the Middle East and wider Muslim world.
    (c) Recruitment and Retention of Certain Individuals.--The Secretary 
shall make every effort to recruit and retain individuals that have 
lived, worked, or studied in predominantly Muslim countries or 
communities, including individuals who have studied at an Islamic 
institution of higher learning.
SEC. 714. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING COVERAGE OF APPROPRIATE 
                        THERAPIES FOR DEPENDENTS WITH AUTISM 
                        SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD).

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that physical, occupational, speech, 
and applied behavioral analysis (ABA) therapies are evidenced-based 
interventions proven to bring about positive change

[[Page 130 STAT. 1946]]

and assist in the long term development of children with autism spectrum 
disorder (ASD).
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
Secretary should endeavor to ensure coverage and access, for dependents 
with ASD of overseas employees, to the therapies described in subsection 
(a), including through telehealth, computer software programs, or 
alternative means if appropriate providers are not accessible due to 
such employees' placement overseas.
SEC. 715. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE REPORTS.

    (a) Repeal of Certain Reporting Requirements.--The following 
provisions of law are repealed:
            (1) Section 12 of the Foreign Service Buildings Act, 1926 
        (Act of May 7, 1926, 22 U.S.C. 303).
            (2) Section 404 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
        Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-138, 22 U.S.C. 2778 
        note).

    (b) Other Reporting Reform.--
            (1) Section 613 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 
        Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-228, 22 U.S.C. 6901 note) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b);
                    (B) by striking ``(a) Policy.--''; and
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                subsections (a) and (b), respectively, and moving such 
                subsections, as so redesignated, two ems to the left.
            (2) Section 721 of Appendix G of the Consolidated 
        Appropriations Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-113, 22 U.S.C. 287 
        note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).
            (3) Section 10 of the Palestinian Anti-Terrorism Act of 2006 
        (Public Law 109-446, 22 U.S.C. 2378b note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (b).
            (4) Section 1207 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314, 22 
        U.S.C. 6901 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).
            (5) Subsection (c) of section 601 of the Foreign Service Act 
        of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4001) is amended by striking paragraphs (4) 
        and (5).

[[Page 130 STAT. 1947]]

SEC. 716. PROHIBITION ON ADDITIONAL FUNDING.

    No additional funds are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
this Act and the amendments made by this Act.

    Approved December 16, 2016.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 1635:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 162 (2016):
            Apr. 28, considered and passed Senate.
            Dec. 5, considered and passed House, amended.
            Dec. 9, Senate concurred in House amendment.

                                  <all>