Text: S.1635 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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[S. 1635 Engrossed in Senate (ES)]

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114th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                S. 1635

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
  To authorize the Department of State for fiscal year 2016, and for 
                            other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Department of 
State Operations Authorization and Embassy Security Act, Fiscal Year 
2016''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.
        TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

              Subtitle A--Basic Authorities and Activities

Sec. 101. American spaces review.
Sec. 102. Identifying bilateral investment treaty opportunities.
Sec. 103. Reinstatement of Hong Kong report.
Sec. 104. Interagency hostage recovery coordinator.
Sec. 105. United States-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue review.
Sec. 106. Report on human rights violations in Burma.
Sec. 107. Combating anti-semitism.
Sec. 108. Biotechnology grants.
Sec. 109. Definition of ``use'' in passport and visa offenses.
Sec. 110. Science and technology fellowships.
Sec. 111. Name changes.
Sec. 112. Anti-piracy information sharing.
Sec. 113. Report reform.
Sec. 114. Sense of Congress on the United States alliance with Japan.
Sec. 115. Sense of Congress on the defense relationship between the 
                            United States and the Republic of India.
Sec. 116. Sense of Congress on the United States alliance with the 
                            Republic of Korea.
Sec. 117. Sense of Congress on the relationship between the United 
                            States and Taiwan.
Sec. 118. Report on political freedom in Venezuela.
Sec. 119. Strategy for the Middle East in the event of a comprehensive 
                            nuclear agreement with Iran.
Sec. 120. Department of State international cyberspace policy strategy.
Sec. 121. Waiver of fees for renewal of immigrant visa for adopted 
                            child in certain situations.
Sec. 122. Sense of Congress on anti-Israel and anti-Semitic incitement 
                            within the Palestinian Authority.
Sec. 123. Support for the sovereignty, independence, territorial 
                            integrity, and inviolability of post-Soviet 
                            countries in light of Russian aggression 
                            and interference.
Sec. 124. Russian propaganda report.
Sec. 125. Approval of export licences and letters of request to assist 
                            the Government of Ukraine.
                     Subtitle B--Additional Matters

Sec. 131. Atrocities prevention board.
Sec. 132. United States engagement in the Indo-Pacific.
Sec. 133. Joint action plan to combat prejudice and discrimination and 
                            to foster inclusion.
Sec. 134. Report on developing country debt sustainability.
Sec. 135. United States strategy to prevent and respond to gender-based 
                            violence globally.
Sec. 136. International corruption and accountability.
Sec. 137. Quadrennial diplomacy and development review.
Sec. 138. Disappeared persons in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El 
                            Salvador.
Sec. 139. Report on implementation by the Government of Bahrain of 
                            recommendations from the Bahrain 
                            Independent Commission of Inquiry.
Sec. 140. Report on United States humanitarian assistance to Haiti and 
                            whether recent elections in Haiti meet 
                            international election standards.
Sec. 141. Sense of Congress with respect to the imposition of 
                            additional sanctions against the Democratic 
                            People's Republic of Korea.
    TITLE II--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                   Subtitle A--Organizational Matters

Sec. 201. Rightsizing accountability.
Sec. 202. Integration of foreign economic policy.
Sec. 203. Review of Bureau of African Affairs and Bureau of Near 
                            Eastern Affairs jurisdictions.
Sec. 204. Special envoys, representatives, advisors, and coordinators.
Sec. 205. Conflict prevention, mitigation and resolution, and the 
                            inclusion and participation of women.
Sec. 206. Information technology system security.
Sec. 207. Analysis of embassy cost sharing.
Sec. 208. Parent advisory committee to the Interagency Working Group to 
                            Prevent International Parental Child 
                            Abduction.
Sec. 209. Improving research and evaluation of public diplomacy.
Sec. 210. Enhanced institutional capacity of the Bureau of African 
                            Affairs.
                     Subtitle B--Personnel Matters

Sec. 211. Review of Foreign Service Officer compensation.
Sec. 212. Repeal of recertification requirement for senior Foreign 
                            Service.
Sec. 213. Compensatory time off for travel.
Sec. 214. Certificates of demonstrated competence.
Sec. 215. Foreign Service assignment restrictions.
Sec. 216. Security clearance suspensions.
Sec. 217. Economic statecraft education and training.
Sec. 218. Report on diversity recruitment, employment, retention, and 
                            promotion.
Sec. 219. Expansion of the Charles B. Rangel International Affairs 
                            Program, the Thomas R. Pickering Foreign 
                            Affairs Fellowship Program, and the Donald 
                            M. Payne International Development 
                            Fellowship Program.
Sec. 220. Retention of mid- and senior-level professionals from 
                            underrepresented groups.
Sec. 221. Review of jurisdictional responsibilities of the Special 
                            Representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan 
                            and the Bureau of South and Central Asian 
                            Affairs.
Sec. 222. Congressional notification of countries compliance with 
                            minimum standards for the elimination of 
                            trafficking.
Sec. 223. International religious freedom training program.
                 TITLE III--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

 Subtitle A--United States Contributions to International Organizations

Sec. 301. Reports concerning the United Nations.
Sec. 302. Annual report on financial contributions to international 
                            organizations.
Sec. 303. Report on peacekeeping arrears, credits, and contributions.
Sec. 304. Assessment rate transparency.
       Subtitle B--Accountability at International Organizations

Sec. 311. Preventing abuse in peacekeeping.
Sec. 312. Inclusion of peacekeeping abuses in country report on human 
                            rights practices.
Sec. 313. Evaluation of United Nations peacekeeping missions.
                     Subtitle C--Personnel Matters

Sec. 321. Encouraging employment of United States citizens at the 
                            United Nations.
Sec. 322. Ensuring appropriate United Nations personnel salaries.
                     TITLE IV--CONSULAR AUTHORITIES

Sec. 401. Visa ineligibility for international child abductors.
Sec. 402. Presumption of immigrant intent for H and L visa 
                            classifications.
Sec. 403. Visa information sharing.
                       TITLE V--EMBASSY SECURITY

     Subtitle A--Allocation of Authorized Security Appropriations.

Sec. 501. Worldwide security protection.
Sec. 502. Embassy security, construction and maintenance.
               Subtitle B--Contracting and Other Matters.

Sec. 511. Local guard contracts abroad under diplomatic security 
                            program.
Sec. 512. Disciplinary action resulting from unsatisfactory leadership 
                            in relation to a security incident.
Sec. 513. Management and staff accountability.
Sec. 514. Security enhancements for soft targets.
            Subtitle C--Marine Corps Security Guard Program

Sec. 521. Additional reports on expansion and enhancement of Marine 
                            Corps Security Guard Program.
           Subtitle D--Defending High Threat, High Risk Posts

Sec. 531. Designation and reporting for high threat, high risk posts.
Sec. 532. Designation and reporting for high-risk counterintelligence 
                            threat posts.
Sec. 533. Enhanced qualifications for Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
                            State for high threat, high risk posts.
Sec. 534. Security environment threat list briefings.
Sec. 535. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
                            implementation of Benghazi Accountability 
                            Review Board recommendations.
Sec. 536. Foreign Affairs Security Training Center.
Sec. 537. Language training.
                Subtitle E--Accountability Review Boards

Sec. 541. Provision of copies of accountability review board reports to 
                            Congress.
Sec. 542. Staffing.
                TITLE VI--MANAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY

Sec. 601. Short title.
Sec. 602. Competitive hiring status for former employees of the Special 
                            Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction.
Sec. 603. Assurance of independence of IT systems.
Sec. 604. Protecting the integrity of internal investigations.
Sec. 605. Report on Inspector General inspection and auditing of 
                            Foreign Service posts and bureaus and 
                            operating units Department of State.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
                    (C) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                    (D) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of State.
            (3) Peacekeeping credits.--The term ``peacekeeping 
        credits'' means the amounts by which United States assessed 
        peacekeeping contributions exceed actual expenditures, 
        apportioned to the United States, of peacekeeping operations by 
        the United Nations during a United Nations peacekeeping fiscal 
        year.
            (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of State.

        TITLE I--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

              Subtitle A--Basic Authorities and Activities

SEC. 101. AMERICAN SPACES REVIEW.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees that includes--
            (1) the full costs incurred by the Department to provide 
        American Spaces, including--
                    (A) American Centers, American Corners, Binational 
                Centers, Information Resource Centers, and Science 
                Centers; and
                    (B) the total costs of all associated--
                            (i) employee salaries, including foreign 
                        service, American civilian, and locally 
                        employed staff;
                            (ii) programming expenses;
                            (iii) operating expenses;
                            (iv) contracting expenses; and
                            (v) security expenses;
            (2) a breakdown of the total costs described in paragraph 
        (1) by each space and type of space;
            (3) the total fees collected for entry to, or the use of, 
        American Spaces and related resources, including a breakdown by 
        the type of fee for each space and type of space; and
            (4) the total usage rates, including by type of service, 
        for each space and type of space.

SEC. 102. IDENTIFYING BILATERAL INVESTMENT TREATY OPPORTUNITIES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the United States 
Trade Representative, shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees that includes a detailed description of--
            (1) the status of all ongoing investment treaty 
        negotiations, including a strategy and timetable for concluding 
        each such negotiation;
            (2) a strategy to expand the investment treaty agenda, 
        including through--
                    (A) launching new investment treaty negotiations 
                with foreign partners that are currently capable of 
                entering into such negotiations; and
                    (B) building the capacity of foreign partners to 
                enter into such negotiations, including by encouraging 
                the adoption of best practices with respect to 
                investment; and
            (3) an estimate of any resources that will be needed, 
        including anticipated staffing levels--
                    (A) to conclude all ongoing negotiations described 
                in paragraph (1);
                    (B) to launch new investment treaty negotiations, 
                as described in paragraph (2)(A); and
                    (C) to build the capacity of foreign partners, as 
                described in paragraph (2)(B).

SEC. 103. REINSTATEMENT OF HONG KONG REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through 2020, the 
Secretary shall submit the report required under section 301 of the 
United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5731) to the 
appropriate congressional committees.
    (b) Public Disclosure.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
should be unclassified and made publicly available, including through 
the Department's public website.
    (c) Treatment of Hong Kong Under United States Law.--
            (1) Secretary of state certification requirement.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
                thereafter, the Secretary shall certify to Congress 
                whether Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is 
                sufficiently autonomous to justify different treatment 
                for its citizens from the treatment accorded to other 
                citizens of the People's Republic of China in any new 
                laws, agreements, treaties, or arrangements entered 
                into between the United States and Hong Kong after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act.
                    (B) Factor for consideration.--In making a 
                certification under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
                should consider the terms, obligations, and 
                expectations expressed in the Joint Declaration with 
                respect to Hong Kong.
                    (C) Exception.--A certification shall not be 
                required under this subsection with respect to any new 
                laws, agreements, treaties, or arrangements that 
                support human rights, rule of law, or democracy in the 
                Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
            (2) Waiver authority.--The Secretary may waive the 
        application of paragraph (1) if the Secretary--
                    (A) determines that such a waiver is in the 
                national interests of the United States; and
                    (B) on or before the date on which such waiver 
                would take effect, submits a notice of, and 
                justification for, the waiver to the Committee on 
                Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 104. INTERAGENCY HOSTAGE RECOVERY COORDINATOR.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the President shall designate an 
        existing Federal officer to coordinate efforts to secure the 
        release of United States persons who are hostages of hostile 
        groups or state sponsors of terrorism. For purposes of carrying 
        out the duties described in paragraph (2), such officer shall 
        have the title of ``Interagency Hostage Recovery Coordinator''.
            (2) Duties.--The Coordinator shall have the following 
        duties:
                    (A) Coordinate and direct all activities of the 
                Federal Government relating to each hostage situation 
                described in paragraph (1) to ensure efforts to secure 
                the release of all hostages in the hostage situation 
                are properly resourced and correct lines of authority 
                are established and maintained.
                    (B) Establish and direct a fusion cell consisting 
                of appropriate personnel of the Federal Government with 
                purview over each hostage situation described in 
                paragraph (1).
                    (C) Develop a strategy to keep family members of 
                hostages described in paragraph (1) informed of the 
                status of such hostages and inform such family members 
                of updates, procedures, and policies that do not 
                compromise the national security of the United States.
    (b) Limitation on Authority.--The authority of the Interagency 
Hostage Recovery Coordinator shall be limited to hostage cases outside 
the United States.
    (c) Quarterly Report.--
            (1) In general.--On a quarterly basis, the Coordinator 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees and 
        the members of Congress described in paragraph (2) a report 
        that includes a summary of each hostage situation described in 
        sub-section (a)(1) and efforts to secure the release of all 
        hostages in such hostage situation.
            (2) Members of congress described.--The members of Congress 
        described in this subparagraph are, with respect to a United 
        States person hostage covered by a report under paragraph (1), 
        the Senators representing the State, and the Member, Delegate, 
        or Resident Commissioner of the House of Representatives 
        representing the district, where a hostage described in 
        subjection (a)(1) resides.
            (3) Form of report.--Each report under this subsection may 
        be submitted in classified or unclassified form.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed as authorizing the Federal Government to negotiate with a 
state sponsor of terrorism or an organization that the Secretary has 
designated as a foreign terrorist organization pursuant to section 219 
of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189) or any other 
hostage-takers.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Hostile group.--The term ``hostile group'' means--
                    (A) a group that is designated as a foreign 
                terrorist organization under section 219(a) of the 
                Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189(a));
                    (B) a group that is engaged in armed conflict with 
                the United States; or
                    (C) any other group that the President determines 
                to be a hostile group for purposes of this paragraph.
            (2) State sponsor of terrorism.--The term ``state sponsor 
        of terrorism''--
                    (A) means a country the government of which the 
                Secretary has determined, for purposes of section 6(j) 
                of the Export Administration Act of 1979, section 620A 
                of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, section 40 of 
                the Arms Export Control Act, or any other provision of 
                law, to be a government that has repeatedly provided 
                support for acts of international terrorism; and
                    (B) includes North Korea.

SEC. 105. UNITED STATES-CHINA STRATEGIC AND ECONOMIC DIALOGUE REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with the 
Secretary of the Treasury, and in consultation with other departments 
and agencies, as appropriate, shall--
            (1) conduct a review of the United States-China Strategic 
        and Economic Dialogue (referred to in this section as the 
        ``Dialogue''); and
            (2) submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
        committees that contains the findings of such review.
    (b) Contents.--The report described in subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a list of all commitments agreed to by the United 
        States and China at each of the first 6 rounds of meetings;
            (2) an assessment of the status of each commitment agreed 
        to by the United States and China at each of the first 6 rounds 
        of meetings, including a detailed description of--
                    (A) any actions that have been taken with respect 
                to such commitments;
                    (B) any aspects of such commitments that remain 
                unfulfilled; and
                    (C) any actions that remain necessary to fulfill 
                any unfulfilled commitments described in subparagraph 
                (B);
            (3) an assessment of the effectiveness of the Dialogue in 
        achieving and fulfilling significant commitments on United 
        States priorities in the bilateral relationship, including--
                    (A) the security situation in the East and South 
                China Seas, including a peaceful resolution of maritime 
                disputes in the region;
                    (B) denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula;
                    (C) cybertheft of United States intellectual 
                property;
                    (D) the treatment of political dissidents, media 
                representatives, and ethnic and religious minorities;
                    (E) reciprocal treatment of United States 
                journalists and academics in China, including issuance 
                of visas;
                    (F) expanding investment and trade opportunities 
                for United States businesses;
                    (G) repatriation of North Korean refugees from 
                China to North Korea; and
                    (H) promoting and protecting rule of law and 
                democratic institutions in Hong Kong; and
            (4) recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of the 
        Dialogue in achieving and fulfilling significant commitments on 
        United States priorities described in paragraph (3), including 
        consideration of the use of predetermined benchmarks for 
        assessing whether the commitments achieved are significantly 
        furthering such priorities.

SEC. 106. REPORT ON HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN BURMA.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the majority leader of the 
Senate, the minority leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, the majority leader of the House of Representatives, 
the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs 
of the House of Representatives that--
            (1) describes in detail all known widespread or systematic 
        civil or political rights violations, including violations that 
        may constitute crimes against humanity against ethnic, racial, 
        or religious minorities in Burma, including the Rohingya 
        people; and
            (2) provides recommendations for holding perpetrators of 
        the violations described in paragraph (1) accountable for their 
        actions.

SEC. 107. COMBATING ANTI-SEMITISM.

    Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for Diplomatic and 
Consular Programs, $500,000 shall be made available to the Bureau for 
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, to be used in support of efforts by 
American and European Jewish and other civil society organizations, 
focusing on youth, to combat anti-Semitism and other forms of 
religious, ethnic, or racial intolerance in Europe.

SEC. 108. BIOTECHNOLOGY GRANTS.

    Title I of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
U.S.C. 2651a et seq.), is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 63. BIOTECHNOLOGY GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of State is authorized to support, 
through grants, cooperative agreements, contracts, outreach, and public 
diplomacy activities, activities promoting the benefits of agricultural 
biotechnology, biofuels, science-based regulatory systems, and the 
application of such technologies for trade and development.
    ``(b) Limitation.--The total amount of grants provided pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall not exceed $500,000 in any fiscal year.''.

SEC. 109. DEFINITION OF ``USE'' IN PASSPORT AND VISA OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 75 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before section 1541 the following:

``SEC. 1540. DEFINITION OF `USE' AND `USES'.

    ``In this chapter, the terms `use' and `uses' shall be given their 
plain meaning, which shall include use for identification purposes.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 75 of 
title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting before the item 
relating to section 1541 the following:

``1540. Definition of `use' and `uses'.''.

SEC. 110. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FELLOWSHIPS.

    Section 504 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 
1979 (22 U.S.C. 2656d) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Grants and Cooperative Agreements Related to Science and 
Technology Fellowship Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to provide 
        grants or enter into cooperative agreements for science and 
        technology fellowship programs of the Department of State.
            ``(2) Recruitment; stipends.--Assistance authorized under 
        paragraph (1) may be used--
                    ``(A) to recruit fellows; and
                    ``(B) to pay stipends, travel, and other 
                appropriate expenses to fellows.
            ``(3) Classification of stipends.--Stipends paid under 
        paragraph (2)(B) shall not be considered compensation for 
        purposes of section 209 of title 18, United States Code.
            ``(4) Limitation.--The total amount of assistance provided 
        under this subsection may not exceed $500,000 in any fiscal 
        year.''.

SEC. 111. NAME CHANGES.

    (a) Public Law 87-195.--Section 607(d) of the Foreign Assistance 
Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2357(d)) is amended by striking ``Assistant 
Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and 
Scientific Affairs'' and inserting ``Assistant Secretary of State for 
Oceans, Environment, and Science''.
    (b) Public Law 88-206.--Section 617(a) of the Clean Air Act (42 
U.S.C. 7671p(a)) is amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary of State 
for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs'' and 
inserting ``Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans, Environment, and 
Science''.
    (c) Public Law 93-126.--Section 9(a) of the Department of State 
Appropriations Authorization Act of 1973 (22 U.S.C. 2655a) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Bureau of Oceans and International 
        Environmental and Scientific Affairs'' and inserting ``Bureau 
        of Oceans, Environment, and Science''; and
            (2) by striking ``Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans 
        and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs'' and 
        inserting ``Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans, 
        Environment, and Science''.
    (d) Public Law 106-113.--Section 1112(a) of the Admiral James W. 
Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 
2000 and 2001 (22 U.S.C. 2652c(a)) is amended by striking 
``Verification and Compliance.'' and inserting ``Arms Control, 
Verification, and Compliance (referred to in this section as the 
`Assistant Secretary').''.

SEC. 112. ANTI-PIRACY INFORMATION SHARING.

    The Secretary is authorized to provide for the participation of the 
United States in the Information Sharing Centre located in Singapore, 
as established by the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating 
Piracy and Armed Robbery Against Ships in Asia, done at Singapore 
November 11, 2004.

SEC. 113. REPORT REFORM.

    (a) Human Rights Report.--Section 549 of the Foreign Assistance Act 
of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2347h) is repealed.
    (b) Rough Diamonds Annual Report.--Section 12 of the Clean Diamond 
Trade Act (19 U.S.C. 3911) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 12. REPORTS.

    ``For each country that, during the preceding 12-month period, 
exported rough diamonds to the United States, the exportation of which 
was not controlled through the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, 
and if the failure to do so has significantly increased the likelihood 
that those diamonds not so controlled are being imported into the 
United States, the President shall submit a semi-annual report to 
Congress that explains what actions have been taken by the United 
States or such country since the previous report to ensure that 
diamonds, the exportation of which was not controlled through the 
Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, are not being imported from 
that country into the United States. A country shall be included in the 
report required under this section until the country is controlling the 
importation and exportation of rough diamonds through the Kimberley 
Process Certification Scheme.''.

SEC. 114. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE UNITED STATES ALLIANCE WITH JAPAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the alliance between the United States and Japan is a 
        cornerstone of peace, security, and stability in the Asia-
        Pacific region and around the world;
            (2) Prime Minister Shiuzo Abe's visit to the United States 
        in April 2015 and historic address to a Joint Session of 
        Congress symbolized the strength and importance of ties between 
        the United States and Japan;
            (3) in 2015, which marks 70 years since the end of World 
        War II, the United States and Japan continue to strengthen the 
        alliance and work together to ensure a peaceful and prosperous 
        future for the Asia-Pacific region and the world;
            (4) the Governments and people of the United States and 
        Japan share values, interests, and capabilities that have 
        helped to build a strong rules-based international order, based 
        on a commitment to rules, norms and institutions;
            (5) the revised Guidelines for United States-Japan Defense 
        Cooperation and Japan's policy of ``Proactive Contribution to 
        Peace'' will reinforce deterrence, update the roles and 
        missions of the United States and Japan, enable Japan to expand 
        its contributions to regional and global security, and allow 
        the United States Government and the Government of Japan to 
        enhance cooperation on security issues in the region and 
        beyond;
            (6) the United States remain resolute in its commitments 
        under the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security to respond 
        to any armed attack in the territories under the administration 
        of Japan;
            (7) although the United States Government does not take a 
        position on the ultimate sovereignty of the Senkaku Islands, 
        the United States Government acknowledges that they are under 
        the administration of Japan and opposes any unilateral actions 
        that would seek to undermine such administration;
            (8) the United States Government reaffirms that the 
        unilateral actions of a third party will not affect the United 
        States acknowledgment of the administration of Japan over the 
        Senkaku Islands;
            (9) the United States Government and the Government of 
        Japan continue to work together on common security interests, 
        including to confront the threat posed by the nuclear and 
        ballistic missile programs of the Democratic People's Republic 
        of Korea;
            (10) the United States Government and the Government of 
        Japan remain committed to ensuring maritime security and 
        respect for international law, including freedom of navigation 
        and overflight; and
            (11) the United States Government and the Government of 
        Japan continue to oppose the use of coercion, intimidation, or 
        force to change the status quo, including in the East and South 
        China Seas.

SEC. 115. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE DEFENSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE 
              UNITED STATES AND THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The United States has an upgraded, strategic-plus 
        relationship with India based on regional cooperation, space 
        science cooperation, and defense cooperation.
            (2) The defense relationship between the United States and 
        the Republic of India is strengthened by the common commitment 
        of both countries to democracy.
            (3) The United States and the Republic of India share a 
        common and long-standing commitment to civilian control of the 
        military.
            (4) The United States and the Republic of India have 
        increasingly worked together on defense cooperation across a 
        range of activities, exercises, initiatives, and research.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the United 
States should--
            (1) continue to expand defense cooperation with the 
        Republic of India;
            (2) welcome the role of the Republic of India in providing 
        security and stability in the Indo-Pacific region and beyond;
            (3) work cooperatively with the Republic of India on 
        matters relating to our common defense;
            (4) vigorously support the implementation of the United 
        States-India Defense Framework Agreement; and
            (5) support the India Defense Trade and Technology 
        Initiative.

SEC. 116. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE UNITED STATES ALLIANCE WITH THE 
              REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the alliance between the United States and the Republic 
        of Korea has served as an anchor for stability, security, and 
        prosperity on the Korean Peninsula, in the Asia-Pacific region, 
        and around the world;
            (2) the United States and the Republic of Korea continue to 
        strengthen and adapt the bilateral, regional, and global scope 
        of the comprehensive strategic alliance between the 2 nations, 
        to serve as a linchpin of peace and stability in the Asia-
        Pacific region, recognizing the shared values of democracy, 
        human rights, free and open markets, and the rule of law, as 
        reaffirmed in the May 2013 ``Joint Declaration in Commemoration 
        of the 60th Anniversary of the Alliance between the Republic of 
        Korea and the United States of America'';
            (3) the United States and the Republic of Korea continue to 
        broaden and deepen the alliance by strengthening the combined 
        defense posture on the Korean Peninsula, enhancing mutual 
        security based on the Republic of Korea-United States Mutual 
        Defense Treaty, and promoting cooperation for regional and 
        global security in the 21st century;
            (4) the United States and the Republic of Korea share deep 
        concerns that the nuclear, cyber, and ballistic missiles 
        programs of North Korea and its repeated provocations pose 
        grave threats to peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula 
        and Northeast Asia and recognize that both nations are 
        determined to achieve the peaceful denuclearization of North 
        Korea and remain fully committed to continuing close 
        cooperation on the full range of issues related to North Korea;
            (5) the United States and the Republic of Korea are 
        particularly concerned that the nuclear and ballistic missile 
        programs of North Korea, including North Korean efforts to 
        miniaturize their nuclear technology and improve the mobility 
        of their ballistic missiles, have gathered significant momentum 
        and are poised to expand in the coming years;
            (6) the Republic of Korea has made progress in enhancing 
        future warfighting and interoperability capabilities by taking 
        steps toward procuring Patriot Advanced Capability missiles, F-
        35 Joint Strike Fighter Aircraft, and RQ-4 Global Hawk 
        Surveillance Aircraft;
            (7) the United States supports the vision of a Korean 
        Peninsula free of nuclear weapons, free from the fear of war, 
        and peacefully reunited on the basis of democratic and free 
        market principles, as articulated in President Park's address 
        in Dresden, Germany; and
            (8) the United States and the Republic of Korea share the 
        future interests of both nations in securing peace and 
        stability on the Korean Peninsula and in Northeast Asia.

SEC. 117. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE UNITED 
              STATES AND TAIWAN.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) the United States policy toward Taiwan is based upon 
        the Taiwan Relations Act (Public Law 96-8), which was enacted 
        in 1979, and the Six Assurances given by President Ronald 
        Reagan in 1982;
            (2) provision of defensive weapons to Taiwan should 
        continue as mandated in the Taiwan Relations Act; and
            (3) enhanced trade relations with Taiwan should be pursued 
        to mutually benefit the citizens of both countries.

SEC. 118. REPORT ON POLITICAL FREEDOM IN VENEZUELA.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
committees that includes--
            (1) an assessment of the support provided by the United 
        States to the people of Venezuela in their aspiration to live 
        under conditions of peace and representative democracy (as 
        defined by the Inter-American Democratic Charter of the 
        Organization of American States, done at Lima September 11, 
        2001);
            (2) an assessment of work carried out by the United States, 
        in cooperation with the other member states of the Organization 
        of American States and countries of the European Union, to 
        ensure--
                    (A) the peaceful resolution of the current 
                political situation in Venezuela; and
                    (B) the immediate cessation of violence against 
                antigovernment protestors;
            (3) a list of the government and security officials in 
        Venezuela who--
                    (A) are responsible for, or complicit in, the use 
                of force in relation to antigovernment protests and 
                similar acts of violence; and
                    (B) have had their financial assets in the United 
                States frozen or been placed on a visa ban by the 
                United States; and
            (4) an assessment of United States support for the 
        development of democratic political processes and independent 
        civil society in Venezuela.

SEC. 119. STRATEGY FOR THE MIDDLE EAST IN THE EVENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE 
              NUCLEAR AGREEMENT WITH IRAN.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of State shall, in 
coordination with the Secretary of Defense, other members of the 
National Security Council, and the heads of other appropriate 
departments and agencies of the United States Government, develop a 
strategy for the United States for the Middle East.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy shall include the following:
            (1) Efforts to counter Iranian-sponsored terrorism in 
        Middle East region.
            (2) Efforts to reassure United States allies and partners 
        in Middle East.
            (3) Efforts to address the potential for a conventional or 
        nuclear arms race in the Middle East.
    (c) Submission to Congress.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit the strategy 
developed under subsection (a) to--
            (1) the majority leader, the minority leader, the Committee 
        on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
        Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (2) the Speaker, the majority leader, the minority leader, 
        the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign 
        Affairs, and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of 
        the House of Representatives.

SEC. 120. DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL CYBERSPACE POLICY STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall produce a 
comprehensive strategy, with a classified annex if necessary, relating 
to United States international policy with regard to cyberspace.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required in subsection (a) shall 
include:
            (1) A review of actions and activities undertaken by the 
        Secretary of State to date to support the goal of the 
        President's International Strategy for Cyberspace, released in 
        May 2011, to ``work internationally to promote an open, 
        interoperable, secure, and reliable information and 
        communications infrastructure that supports international trade 
        and commerce, strengthens international security, and fosters 
        free expression and innovation''.
            (2) A plan of action to guide the Secretary's diplomacy 
        with regard to nation-states, including conducting bilateral 
        and multilateral activities to develop the norms of responsible 
        international behavior in cyberspace, and status review of 
        existing discussions in multilateral fora to obtain agreements 
        on international norms in cyberspace.
            (3) A review of the alternative concepts with regard to 
        international norms in cyberspace offered by other prominent 
        nation-state actors, including China, Russia, Brazil, and 
        India.
            (4) A detailed description of threats to United States 
        national security in cyberspace from other nation-states, 
        state-sponsored actors and private actors, to United States 
        Federal and private sector infrastructure, United States 
        intellectual property, and the privacy of United States 
        citizens.
            (5) A review of policy tools available to the President of 
        United States to deter nation-states, state-sponsored actors, 
        and private actors, including, but not limited to, those 
        outlined in Executive Order 13694, released on April 1, 2015.
            (6) A review of resources required by the Secretary, 
        including the Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, to 
        conduct activities to build responsible norms of international 
        cyber behavior.
    (c) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with other United 
States Government agencies, including the intelligence community, and, 
as appropriate, the United States private sector, and United States 
nongovernmental organizations with recognized credentials and expertise 
in foreign policy, national security, and cybersecurity.
    (d) Release.--The Secretary shall publicly release the strategy 
required in subsection (a) and brief the Committee on Foreign Relations 
of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives upon its release, including on the classified annex, 
should the strategy include such an annex.

SEC. 121. WAIVER OF FEES FOR RENEWAL OF IMMIGRANT VISA FOR ADOPTED 
              CHILD IN CERTAIN SITUATIONS.

    Section 221(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1201(c)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Period of Validity; Renewal or Replacement.--
            ``(1) Immigrant visas.--An immigrant visa shall be valid 
        for such period, not exceeding 6 months, as shall be by 
        regulations prescribed, except that any visa issued to a child 
        lawfully adopted by a United States citizen and spouse while 
        such citizen is serving abroad in the United States Armed 
        Forces, or is employed abroad by the United States Government, 
        or is temporarily abroad on business, shall be valid until such 
        time, for a period not to exceed 3 years, as the adoptive 
        citizen parent returns to the United States in due course of 
        his service, employment, or business.
            ``(2) Nonimmigrant visas.--A nonimmigrant visa shall be 
        valid for such periods as shall be prescribed by regulations. 
        In prescribing the period of validity of a nonimmigrant visa in 
        the case of nationals of any foreign country who are eligible 
        for such visas, the Secretary of State shall, insofar as 
        practicable, accord to such nationals the same treatment upon a 
        reciprocal basis as such foreign country accords to nationals 
        of the United States who are within a similar class, except 
        that in the case of aliens who are nationals of a foreign 
        country and who either are granted refugee status and firmly 
        resettled in another foreign country or are granted permanent 
        residence and residing in another foreign country, the 
        Secretary of State may prescribe the period of validity of such 
        a visa based upon the treatment granted by that other foreign 
        country to alien refugees and permanent residents, 
        respectively, in the United States.
            ``(3) Visa replacement.--An immigrant visa may be replaced 
        under the original number during the fiscal year in which the 
        original visa was issued for an immigrant who establishes to 
        the satisfaction of the consular officer that the immigrant--
                    ``(A) was unable to use the original immigrant visa 
                during the period of its validity because of reasons 
                beyond his control and for which he was not 
                responsible;
                    ``(B) is found by a consular officer to be eligible 
                for an immigrant visa; and
                    ``(C) pays again the statutory fees for an 
                application and an immigrant visa.
            ``(4) Fee waiver.--If an immigrant visa was issued, on or 
        after March 27, 2013, for a child who has been lawfully 
        adopted, or who is coming to the United States to be adopted, 
        by a United States citizen, any statutory immigrant visa fees 
        relating to a renewal or replacement of such visa may be waived 
        or, if already paid, may be refunded upon request, subject to 
        such criteria as the Secretary of State may prescribe, if--
                    ``(A) the immigrant child was unable to use the 
                original immigrant visa during the period of its 
                validity as a direct result of extraordinary 
                circumstances, including the denial of an exit permit; 
                and
                    ``(B) if such inability was attributable to factors 
                beyond the control of the adopting parent or parents 
                and of the immigrant.''.

SEC. 122. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ANTI-ISRAEL AND ANTI-SEMITIC INCITEMENT 
              WITHIN THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that the 1995 Interim Agreement on 
the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, commonly referred to as Oslo II, 
specifically details that Israel and the Palestinian Authority shall 
``abstain from incitement, including hostile propaganda, against each 
other and, without derogating from the principle of freedom of 
expression, shall take legal measures to prevent such incitement by any 
organizations, groups or individuals within their jurisdiction''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) expresses support and admiration for individuals and 
        organizations working to encourage cooperation between Israeli 
        Jews and Palestinians, including--
                    (A) Professor Mohammed Dajani Daoudi, who took 
                students from al-Quds University in Jerusalem to visit 
                Auschwitz in March 2014 only to return to death threats 
                by fellow Palestinians and expulsion from his teacher's 
                union;
                    (B) the Israel Palestine Center for Research and 
                Information, the only joint Israeli-Palestinian public 
                policy think-tank,
                    (C) United Hatzalah, a nonprofit, fully volunteer 
                Emergency Medical Services organization that, 
                mobilizing volunteers who are religious or secular 
                Jews, Arabs, Muslims, and Christians, provides EMS 
                services to all people in Israel regardless of race, 
                religion, or national origin; and
                    (D) Breaking the Impasse, an apolitical initiative 
                of Palestinian and Israeli business and civil society 
                leaders who advocate for a two-state solution and an 
                urgent diplomatic solution to the conflict;
            (2) reiterates strong condemnation of anti-Israel and anti-
        Semitic incitement in the Palestinian Authority as antithetical 
        to the stated desire to achieve a just, lasting, and 
        comprehensive peace settlement; and
            (3) urges President Abbas and Palestinian Authority 
        officials to discontinue all official incitement that runs 
        contrary to the determination to put an end to decades of 
        confrontation.

SEC. 123. SUPPORT FOR THE SOVEREIGNTY, INDEPENDENCE, TERRITORIAL 
              INTEGRITY, AND INVIOLABILITY OF POST-SOVIET COUNTRIES IN 
              LIGHT OF RUSSIAN AGGRESSION AND INTERFERENCE.

    It is the sense of Congress that Congress--
            (1) supports the sovereignty, independence, territorial 
        integrity, and inviolability of post-Soviet countries within 
        their internationally recognized borders;
            (2) expresses deep concern over increasingly aggressive 
        actions by the Russian Federation;
            (3) is committed to providing sufficient funding for the 
        Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs of the Department of 
        State to address subversive and destabilizing activities by the 
        Russian Federation within post-Soviet countries;
            (4) supports robust engagement between the United States 
        and post-Soviet countries through--
                    (A) the promotion of strengthened people-to-people 
                ties, including through educational and cultural 
                exchange programs;
                    (B) anticorruption assistance;
                    (C) public diplomacy;
                    (D) economic diplomacy; and
                    (E) other democratic reform efforts;
            (5) encourages the President to further enhance nondefense 
        cooperation and diplomatic engagement with post-Soviet 
        countries;
            (6) condemns the subversive and destabilizing activities 
        undertaken by the Russian Federation within post-Soviet 
        countries;
            (7) encourages enhanced cooperation between the United 
        States and the European Union to promote greater Euro-Atlantic 
        integration, including through--
                    (A) the enlargement of the European Union; and
                    (B) the Open Door policy of the North Atlantic 
                Treaty Organization;
            (8) urges continued cooperation between the United States 
        and the European Union to maintain sanctions against the 
        Russian Federation until the Government of Russia has--
                    (A) fully implemented all provisions of the Minsk 
                agreements, done at Minsk September 5, 2014 and 
                February 12, 2015; and
                    (B) demonstrated respect for the territorial 
                sovereignty of Ukraine;
            (9) calls on the member states of the European Union to 
        extend the current sanctions regime against the Russian 
        Federation; and
            (10) urges the consideration of additional sanctions if the 
        Russian Federation continue to engage in subversive and 
        destabilizing activities within post-Soviet countries.

SEC. 124. RUSSIAN PROPAGANDA REPORT.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Russian Federation is waging a propaganda war 
        against the United States and our allies; and
            (2) a successful strategy must be implemented to counter 
        the threat posed by Russian propaganda.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually for the following 3 years, the 
Secretary, in consultation with appropriate Federal officials, shall 
submit an unclassified report, with a classified annex, to the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the Senate, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives that contains a detailed 
analysis of--
            (1) the recent use of propaganda by the Government of 
        Russia, including--
                    (A) the forms of propaganda used, including types 
                of media and programming;
                    (B) the principal countries and regions targeted by 
                Russian propaganda; and
                    (C) the impact of Russian propaganda on such 
                targets;
            (2) the response by United States allies, particularly 
        European allies, to counter the threat of Russian propaganda;
            (3) the response by the United States to the threat of 
        Russian propaganda;
            (4) the extent of the effectiveness of programs currently 
        in use to counter Russian propaganda;
            (5) a strategy for improving the effectiveness of such 
        programs;
            (6) any additional authority needed to counter the threat 
        of Russian propaganda; and
            (7) the additional funding needed to successfully implement 
        the strategy referred to in paragraph (5).

SEC. 125. APPROVAL OF EXPORT LICENCES AND LETTERS OF REQUEST TO ASSIST 
              THE GOVERNMENT OF UKRAINE.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Export license applications.--
                    (A) Submission to congress.--The Secretary shall 
                submit to the specified congressional committees a 
                detailed list of all export license applications, 
                including requests for marketing licenses, for the sale 
                of defense articles and defense services to Ukraine.
                    (B) Contents.--The list submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            (i) the date on which the application or 
                        request was first submitted;
                            (ii) the current status of each application 
                        or request; and
                            (iii) the estimated timeline for 
                        adjudication of such applications or requests.
                    (C) Priority.--The Secretary should give priority 
                to processing the applications and requests included on 
                the list submitted under subparagraph (A).
            (2) Letters of request.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        specified congressional committees a detailed list of all 
        pending Letters of Request for Foreign Military Sales to 
        Ukraine, including--
                    (A) the date on which each such letter was first 
                submitted;
                    (B) the current status of each such letter; and
                    (C) the estimated timeline for the adjudication of 
                each such letter.
    (b) Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter until 
        the date set forth in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall submit 
        a report to the specified congressional committees that 
        describes the status of the applications, requests for 
        marketing licenses, and Letters of Request described in 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Termination date.--The date set forth in this paragraph 
        is the earlier of--
                    (A) the date on which the President certifies to 
                Congress that the sovereignty and territorial integrity 
                of the Government of Ukraine has been restored; or
                    (B) the date that is 5 years after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act.
    (c) Specified Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``specified congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (3) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate; and
            (4) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives.

                     Subtitle B--Additional Matters

SEC. 131. ATROCITIES PREVENTION BOARD.

    (a) Establishment.--The President is authorized to establish, 
within the Executive Office of the President, an Interagency Atrocities 
Prevention Board (referred to in this section as the ``Board'').
    (b) Duties.--The Board is authorized--
            (1) to coordinate an interagency approach to preventing 
        mass atrocities;
            (2) to propose policies to integrate the early warning 
        systems of national security agencies, including intelligence 
        agencies, with respect to incidents of mass atrocities and to 
        coordinate the policy response to such incidents;
            (3) to identify relevant Federal agencies, which shall 
        track and report on Federal funding spent on atrocity 
        prevention efforts;
            (4) to oversee the development and implementation of 
        comprehensive atrocities prevention and response strategies;
            (5) to identify available resources and policy options 
        necessary to prevent the emergence or escalation of mass 
        atrocities;
            (6) to identify and propose policies to close gaps in 
        expertise, readiness, and planning for atrocities prevention 
        and early action across Federal agencies, including training 
        for employees at relevant Federal agencies;
            (7) to engage relevant civil society and nongovernmental 
        organization stakeholders in regular consultations to solicit 
        current information on countries of concern; and
            (8) to conduct an atrocity-specific expert review of policy 
        and programming of all countries at risk for mass atrocities.
    (c) Leadership.--
            (1) In general.--The Board shall be headed by a Senior 
        Director, who--
                    (A) shall be appointed by the President; and
                    (B) shall report to the Assistant to the President 
                for National Security Affairs.
            (2) Responsibilities.--The Senior Director is authorized to 
        have primary responsibility for--
                    (A) recommending and, if adopted, promoting United 
                States Government policies on preventing mass 
                atrocities; and
                    (B) carrying out the duties described in subsection 
                (b).
    (d) Composition.--The Board shall be composed of--
            (1) representatives from--
                    (A) the Department of State;
                    (B) the United States Agency for International 
                Development;
                    (C) the Department of Defense;
                    (D) the Department of Justice;
                    (E) the Department of the Treasury;
                    (F) the Department of Homeland Security;
                    (G) the Central Intelligence Agency;
                    (H) the Office of the Director of National 
                Intelligence;
                    (I) the United States Mission to the United 
                Nations; and
                    (J) the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and
            (2) such other individuals as the President may appoint.
    (e) Coordination.--The Board is authorized to coordinate with 
relevant officials and government agencies responsible for foreign 
policy with respect to particular regions and countries to help provide 
a cohesive, whole of government response and policy direction to 
emerging and ongoing atrocities.
    (f) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a classified report, with an unclassified 
annex, which shall include--
            (1) an update on the interagency review mandated by 
        Presidential Study Directive 10 that includes--
                    (A) an evaluation of current mechanisms and 
                capacities for government-wide detection, early 
                warning, information-sharing, contingency planning, and 
                coordination of efforts to prevent and respond to 
                situations of genocide, mass atrocities, and other mass 
                violence, including such mass gender- and ethnicity-
                based violence;
                    (B) an assessment of the funding spent by relevant 
                Federal agencies on atrocity prevention activities;
                    (C) current annual global assessments of sources of 
                conflict and instability;
                    (D) recommendations to further strengthen United 
                States capabilities to improve the mechanisms described 
                in subparagraph (A); and
                    (E) evaluations of the various approaches to 
                enhancing capabilities and improving the mechanisms 
                described in subparagraph (A);
            (2) recommendations to ensure burden sharing by--
                    (A) improving international cooperation and 
                coordination to enhance multilateral mechanisms for 
                preventing genocide and atrocities, including improving 
                the role of regional and international organizations in 
                conflict prevention, mitigation, and response; and
                    (B) strengthening regional organizations; and
            (3) the implementation status of the recommendations 
        contained in the interagency review described in paragraph (1).
    (g) Materials and Briefings.--The Senior Director and the members 
of the Board shall brief the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives at least annually.
    (h) Sunset.--This section shall cease to be effective on June 30, 
2017.

SEC. 132. UNITED STATES ENGAGEMENT IN THE INDO-PACIFIC.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a 
comprehensive assessment to the Chairmen and Ranking Members of the 
Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives of the United States 
engagement in the Indo-Pacific, including with partners across the 
Indo-Pacific region.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment submitted under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a review of current and emerging United States 
        diplomatic, national security, and economic interests and 
        trends in the Indo-Pacific region;
            (2) a review of resources devoted to United States 
        diplomatic, economic, trade, development, and cultural 
        engagement and plans in the Indo-Pacific region during the 10-
        year period ending on the date of the enactment of this Act;
            (3) options for the realignment of United States engagement 
        in the Indo-Pacific region to respond to new opportunities and 
        challenges, including linking United States strategy more 
        broadly across the Indo-Pacific region; and
            (4) the views of noted policy leaders and regional experts, 
        including leaders and experts in the Indo-Pacific region, on 
        the opportunities and challenges to United States engagement 
        across the Indo-Pacific region.
    (c) Consultation.--The Secretary, as appropriate, shall consult 
with--
            (1) other United States Government agencies; and
            (2) independent, nongovernmental organizations with 
        recognized credentials and expertise in foreign policy, 
        national security, and international economic affairs that have 
        access to policy experts throughout the United States and from 
        the Indo-Pacific region.

SEC. 133. JOINT ACTION PLAN TO COMBAT PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION AND 
              TO FOSTER INCLUSION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary is authorized to enter into a 
bilateral joint action plan with the European Union to combat prejudice 
and discrimination and to foster inclusion (referred to in this section 
as the ``Joint Action Plan'').
    (b) Contents of Joint Action Plan.--The Joint Action Plan shall--
            (1) address anti-Semitism;
            (2) address prejudice against, and the discriminatory 
        treatment of, racial, ethnic, and religious minorities;
            (3) promote equality of opportunity for access to quality 
        education and economic opportunities; and
            (4) promote equal treatment by the justice system.
    (c) Cooperation.--In developing the Joint Action Plan, the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) leverage interagency policy expertise in the United 
        States and Europe;
            (2) develop partnerships among civil society and private 
        sector stakeholders; and
            (3) draw upon the extensive work done by the Organization 
        for Security and Co-operation in Europe to address anti-
        Semitism.
    (d) Initiatives.--The Joint Action Plan may include initiatives for 
promoting equality of opportunity and methods of eliminating prejudice 
and discrimination based on religion, race, or ethnicity, including--
            (1) training programs;
            (2) regional initiatives to promote equality of opportunity 
        through the strengthening of democratic institutions;
            (3) public-private partnerships with enterprises and 
        nongovernmental organizations;
            (4) exchanges of technical experts;
            (5) scholarships and fellowships; and
            (6) political empowerment and leadership initiatives.
    (e) Deputy Assistant Secretary.--The Secretary shall task an 
existing Deputy Assistant Secretary with the responsibility for 
coordinating the implementation of the Joint Action Plan with his or 
her European Union counterpart.
    (f) Legal Effects.--Any Joint Action Plan adopted under this 
section--
            (1) shall not be legally binding; and
            (2) shall create no rights or obligations under 
        international or United States law.
    (g) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to authorize--
            (1) the Secretary to enter into a legally binding agreement 
        or Joint Action Plan with the European Union; or
            (2) any additional appropriations for the purposes and 
        initiatives described in this section.
    (h) Progress Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a progress report on 
the development of the Joint Action Plan to the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives.

SEC. 134. REPORT ON DEVELOPING COUNTRY DEBT SUSTAINABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with the 
Secretary of Treasury, shall submit a report containing an assessment 
of the current external debt environment for developing countries and 
identifying particular near-term risks to debt sustainability to--
            (1) the appropriate congressional committees;
            (2) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of 
        the Senate; and
            (3) the Committee on Financial Services of the House of 
        Representatives.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
assess--
            (1) the impact of new lending relationships, including the 
        role of new creditors;
            (2) the adequacy of current multilateral surveillance 
        mechanisms in guarding against debt distress in developing 
        countries;
            (3) the ability of developing countries to borrow on global 
        capital markets; and
            (4) the interaction between debt sustainability objectives 
        of the developing world and the development-oriented investment 
        agenda of the G-20, including the impact of--
                    (A) current debt sustainability objectives on 
                investment in developing countries; and
                    (B) investment objectives proposed by the G-20 on 
                the ability to meet the goals of--
                            (i) the Heavily Indebted Poor Country 
                        Initiative; and
                            (ii) the Multilateral Debt Relief 
                        Initiative.

SEC. 135. UNITED STATES STRATEGY TO PREVENT AND RESPOND TO GENDER-BASED 
              VIOLENCE GLOBALLY.

    (a) Global Strategy Requirement.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and biennially thereafter for 6 
years, the Secretary of State shall develop or update a United States 
global strategy to prevent and respond to violence against women and 
girls. The strategy shall be transmitted to the appropriate 
congressional committees and made publicly available on the Internet.
    (b) Initial Strategy.--For the purposes of this section, the 
``United States Strategy to Prevent and Respond to Gender-Based 
Violence Globally'', issued in August 2012, shall be deemed to fulfill 
the initial requirement of subsection (a).
    (c) Collaboration and Coordination.--In developing the strategy 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of State shall consult with--
            (1) the heads of relevant Federal agencies;
            (2) the Senior Policy Operating Group on Trafficking in 
        Persons; and
            (3) representatives of civil society and multilateral 
        organizations with demonstrated experience in addressing 
        violence against women and girls or promoting gender equality 
        internationally.
    (d) Priority Country Selection.--To further the objectives of the 
strategy described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall identify no 
less than 4 eligible low-income and lower-middle income countries with 
significant levels of violence against women and girls, including 
within displaced communities, that have the governmental or 
nongovernmental organizational capacity to manage and implement gender-
based violence prevention and response program activities and should, 
when possible, be geographically, ethnically, and culturally diverse 
from one another.
    (e) Country Plans.--In each country identified under subsection (d) 
the Secretary shall develop comprehensive, multisectoral, and holistic 
individual country plans designed to address and respond to violence 
against women and girls that include--
            (1) an assessment and description of the current or 
        potential capacity of the government of each identified country 
        and civil society organizations in each such identified country 
        to address and respond to violence against women and girls;
            (2) an identification of coordination mechanisms with 
        Federal agencies that--
                    (A) have existing programs relevant to the 
                strategy;
                    (B) will be involved in new program activities; and
                    (C) are engaged in broader United States strategies 
                around development;
            (3) a description of the monitoring and evaluation 
        mechanisms established for each identified country, and their 
        intended use in assessing overall progress in prevention and 
        response;
            (4) a projection of the general levels of resources needed 
        to achieve the stated objectives in each identified country, 
        including an accounting of--
                    (A) activities and funding already expended by the 
                Department of State, the United States Agency for 
                International Development, other Federal agencies, 
                donor country governments, and multilateral 
                institutions; and
                    (B) leveraged private sector resources; and
            (5) strategies, as appropriate, designed to accommodate the 
        needs of stateless, disabled, internally displaced, refugee, or 
        religious or ethnic minority women and girls.
    (f) Report on Priority Country Selection and Country Plans.--Not 
more than 90 days after selection of the priority countries required 
under subsection (d), and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report 
detailing the priority country selection process, the development of 
specific country plans, and include an overview of all programming and 
specific activities being undertaken, the budget resources requested, 
and the specific activities to be supported by each Executive agency 
under the strategy if such resources are provided.
    (g) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to authorize any additional appropriations for the purposes and 
initiatives of this section.

SEC. 136. INTERNATIONAL CORRUPTION AND ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) Annual Report.--Not later than June 1 of each year, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator of the United States 
Agency for International Development (referred to in this section as 
the ``USAID Administrator''), the Secretary of Defense, and the heads 
of appropriate intelligence agencies, shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a Country Report on Corruption Practices, with 
a classified annex, which shall include information about countries for 
which a corruption analysis was conducted under subsection (b).
    (b) Corruption Analysis Elements.--The corruption analysis 
conducted under this subsection should include, among other elements--
            (1) an analysis of individuals and associations that 
        comprise corruption networks in the country, including, as 
        applicable--
                    (A) government officials;
                    (B) private sector actors;
                    (C) criminals; and
                    (D) members of illegal armed groups;
            (2) the identification of the state functions that have 
        been captured by corrupt networks in the country, including, as 
        applicable functions of--
                    (A) the judicial branch;
                    (B) the taxing authority;
                    (C) the central bank; and
                    (D) specific military or police units;
            (3) the identification of--
                    (A) the key economic activities, whether licit or 
                illicit, which are dominated by members of the corrupt 
                network; and
                    (B) other revenue streams that enrich such members; 
                and
            (4) the identification of enablers of corrupt practices, 
        within the country and outside the country.
    (c) Publication and Briefings.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) publish the Country Report on Corruption and 
        Accountability submitted under subsection (a) on the website of 
        the Department; and
            (2) brief the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate 
        and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives on the information contained in the report 
        published under paragraph (1).

SEC. 137. QUADRENNIAL DIPLOMACY AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW.

    (a) Requirement.--
            (1) Quadrennial reviews required.--Under the direction of 
        the President, the Secretary of State shall every 4 years, 
        during a year following a year evenly divisible by 4, conduct a 
        review of United States diplomacy and development (to be known 
        as a ``quadrennial diplomacy and development review'').
            (2) Scope of reviews.--Each quadrennial diplomacy and 
        development review shall be a comprehensive examination of the 
        national diplomacy and development policy and strategic 
        framework of the United States for the next 4-year period until 
        a subsequent review is due under paragraph (1). The review 
        shall include--
                    (A) recommendations regarding the long-term 
                diplomacy and development policy and strategic 
                framework of the United States;
                    (B) priorities of the United States for diplomacy 
                and development; and
                    (C) guidance on the related programs, assets, 
                capabilities, budget, policies, and authorities of the 
                Department of State and United States Agency for 
                International Development.
            (3) Consultation.--In conducting each quadrennial diplomacy 
        and development review, after consultation with Department of 
        State and United States Agency for International Development 
        officials, the Secretary of State should consult with--
                    (A) the heads of other relevant Federal agencies, 
                including the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
                the Treasury, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
                Attorney General, the Secretary of Health and Human 
                Services, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary 
                of Commerce, the Chief Executive Officer of the 
                Millennium Challenge Corporation, and the Director of 
                National Intelligence;
                    (B) any other Federal agency that provides foreign 
                assistance, including at a minimum the Export-Import 
                Bank of the United States and the Overseas Private 
                Investment Corporation;
                    (C) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives and, as 
                appropriate, other members of Congress; and
                    (D) other relevant governmental and nongovernmental 
                entities, including private sector representatives, 
                academics, and other policy experts.
    (b) Contents of Review.--Each quadrennial diplomacy and development 
review shall--
            (1) delineate, as appropriate, the national diplomacy and 
        development policy and strategic framework of the United 
        States, consistent with appropriate national, Department of 
        State, and United States Agency for International Development 
        strategies, strategic plans, and relevant presidential 
        directives, including the national security strategy prescribed 
        pursuant to section 108 of the National Security Act of 1947 
        (50 U.S.C. 404a);
            (2) outline and prioritize the full range of critical 
        national diplomacy and development areas, capabilities, and 
        resources, including those implemented across agencies, and 
        address the full range of challenges confronting the United 
        States in this regard;
            (3) describe the interagency cooperation, and preparedness 
        of relevant Federal assets, and the infrastructure, budget 
        plan, and other elements of the diplomacy and development 
        policies and programs of the United States required to execute 
        successfully the full range of mission priorities outlined 
        under paragraph (2);
            (4) describe the roles of international organizations and 
        multilateral institutions in advancing United States diplomatic 
        and development objectives, including the mechanisms for 
        coordinating and harmonizing development policies and programs 
        with partner countries and among donors;
            (5) identify the budget plan required to provide sufficient 
        resources to successfully execute the full range of mission 
        priorities outlined under paragraph (2);
            (6) include an assessment of the organizational alignment 
        of the Department of State and the United States Agency for 
        International Development with the national diplomacy and 
        development policy and strategic framework referred to in 
        paragraph (1) and the diplomacy and development mission 
        priorities outlined under paragraph (2);
            (7) review and assess the effectiveness of the management 
        mechanisms of the Department of State and the United States 
        Agency for International Development for executing the 
        strategic priorities outlined in the quadrennial diplomacy and 
        development review, including the extent to which such 
        effectiveness has been enhanced since the previous report; and
            (8) the relationship between the requirements of the 
        quadrennial diplomacy and development review and the 
        acquisition strategy and expenditure plan within the Department 
        of State and the United States Agency for International 
        Development.
    (c) Foreign Affairs Policy Board Review.--The Secretary of State 
should apprise the Foreign Affairs Policy Board on an ongoing basis of 
the work undertaken in the conduct of the quadrennial diplomacy and 
development review.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to authorize any additional appropriations for the purposes and 
initiatives under this section.

SEC. 138. DISAPPEARED PERSONS IN MEXICO, GUATEMALA, HONDURAS, AND EL 
              SALVADOR.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The United States--
                    (A) values governance, security, and the rule of 
                law in Mexico and Central America; and
                    (B) has reemphasized its commitment to this region 
                following the humanitarian crisis of unaccompanied 
                children from these countries across the international 
                border between the United States and Mexico in 2014.
            (2) Individuals migrating from Central America to the 
        United States face great peril during their journey. Many go 
        missing along the way and are often never heard from again.
    (b) Report of Disappeared Persons.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
Secretary, in close consultation with the Administrator of the Drug 
Enforcement Agency, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the heads of other relevant 
Federal agencies, shall submit a report to the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
House of Representatives that includes--
            (1) the number of cases of enforced disappearances in 
        Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador;
            (2) an assessment of causes for the disappearances 
        described in paragraph (1);
            (3) the primary individuals and groups responsible for such 
        disappearances; and
            (4) the official government response in those countries to 
        account for such disappeared persons.

SEC. 139. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION BY THE GOVERNMENT OF BAHRAIN OF 
              RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE BAHRAIN INDEPENDENT COMMISSION 
              OF INQUIRY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit an unclassified 
report to the appropriate congressional committees that describes the 
implementation by the Government of Bahrain of the recommendations 
contained in the 2011 Report of the Bahrain Independent Commission of 
Inquiry (referred to in this section as the ``Bahrain Report'').
    (b) Content.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a description of the specific steps taken by the 
        Government of Bahrain to implement each of the 26 
        recommendations contained in the Bahrain Report;
            (2) an assessment of whether the Government of Bahrain has 
        ``fully complied with'', ``partially implemented'', or ``not 
        meaningfully implemented'' each recommendation referred to in 
        paragraph (1); and
            (3) an assessment of the impact of the findings in the 
        Bahrain Report for the United States security posture in the 
        Arab Gulf and the area of responsibility of the United States 
        Central Command.

SEC. 140. REPORT ON UNITED STATES HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO HAITI AND 
              WHETHER RECENT ELECTIONS IN HAITI MEET INTERNATIONAL 
              ELECTION STANDARDS.

    (a) Reauthorization.--Section 5(a) of the Assessing Progress in 
Haiti Act of 2014 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended by striking 
``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2022''.
    (b) Report.--Section 5(b) of the Assessing Progress in Haiti Act of 
2014 (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (12), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (13), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(14) a determination of whether recent Haitian elections 
        are free, fair and responsive to the people of Haiti; and
            ``(15) a description of any attempts to disqualify 
        candidates for political officers in Haiti for political 
        reasons.''.

SEC. 141. SENSE OF CONGRESS WITH RESPECT TO THE IMPOSITION OF 
              ADDITIONAL SANCTIONS AGAINST THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S 
              REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (in this 
        section referred to as the ``DPRK'') tested nuclear weapons on 
        3 separate occasions, in October 2006, in May 2009, and in 
        February 2013.
            (2) Nuclear experts have reported that the DPRK may 
        currently have as many as 20 nuclear warheads and has the 
        potential to possess as many as 100 warheads within the next 5 
        years.
            (3) According to the 2014 Department of Defense report, 
        ``Military and Security Developments Involving the Democratic 
        People's Republic of Korea'' (in this subsection referred to as 
        the ``2014 DoD report''), the DPRK has proliferated nuclear 
        technology to Libya via the proliferation network of Pakistani 
        scientist A.Q. Khan.
            (4) According to the 2014 DoD report, ``North Korea also 
        provided Syria with nuclear reactor technology until 2007.''.
            (5) On September 6, 2007, as part of ``Operation Orchard'', 
        the Israeli Air Force destroyed the suspected nuclear facility 
        in Syria.
            (6) According to the 2014 DoD report, ``North Korea has 
        exported conventional and ballistic missile-related equipment, 
        components, materials, and technical assistance to countries in 
        Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.''.
            (7) On November 29, 1987, DPRK agents planted explosive 
        devices onboard Korean Air flight 858, which killed all 115 
        passengers and crew on board.
            (8) On March 26, 2010, the DPRK fired upon and sank the 
        South Korean warship Cheonan, killing 46 of her crew.
            (9) On November 23, 2010, the DPRK shelled South Korea's 
        Yeonpyeong Island, killing 4 South Korean citizens.
            (10) On February 7, 2014, the United Nations Commission of 
        Inquiry on human rights in DPRK (in this subsection referred to 
        as the ``Commission of Inquiry'') released a report detailing 
        the atrocious human rights record of the DPRK.
            (11) Dr. Michael Kirby, Chair of the Commission of Inquiry, 
        stated on March 17, 2014, ``The Commission of Inquiry has found 
        systematic, widespread, and grave human rights violations 
        occurring in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. It has 
        also found a disturbing array of crimes against humanity. These 
        crimes are committed against inmates of political and other 
        prison camps; against starving populations; against religious 
        believers; against persons who try to flee the country--
        including those forcibly repatriated by China.''.
            (12) Dr. Michael Kirby also stated, ``These crimes arise 
        from policies established at the highest level of the State. 
        They have been committed, and continue to take place in the 
        Democratic People's Republic of Korea, because the policies, 
        institutions, and patterns of impunity that lie at their heart 
        remain in place. The gravity, scale, duration, and nature of 
        the unspeakable atrocities committed in the country reveal a 
        totalitarian State that does not have any parallel in the 
        contemporary world.''.
            (13) The Commission of Inquiry also notes, ``Since 1950, 
        the Democratic People's Republic of Korea has engaged in the 
        systematic abduction, denial of repatriation, and subsequent 
        enforced disappearance of persons from other countries on a 
        large scale and as a matter of State policy. Well over 200,000 
        persons, including children, who were brought from other 
        countries to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea may have 
        become victims of enforced disappearance,'' and states that the 
        DPRK has failed to account or address this injustice in any 
        way.
            (14) According to reports and analysis from organizations 
        such as the International Network for the Human Rights of North 
        Korean Overseas Labor, the Korea Policy Research Center, NK 
        Watch, the Asian Institute for Policy Studies, the Center for 
        International and Strategic Studies, and the George W. Bush 
        Institute, there may currently be as many as 100,000 North 
        Korean overseas laborers in various nations around the world.
            (15) Such forced North Korean laborers are often subjected 
        to harsh working conditions under the direct supervision of 
        DPRK officials, and their salaries contribute to anywhere from 
        $150,000,000 to $230,000,000 a year to the DPRK state coffers.
            (16) According to the Director of National Intelligence's 
        2015 Worldwide Threat Assessment, ``North Korea's nuclear 
        weapons and missile programs pose a serious threat to the 
        United States and to the security environment in East Asia.''.
            (17) The Worldwide Threat Assessment states, ``North Korea 
        has also expanded the size and sophistication of its ballistic 
        missile forces, ranging from close-range ballistic missiles to 
        ICBMs, while continuing to conduct test launches. In 2014, 
        North Korea launched an unprecedented number of ballistic 
        missiles.''.
            (18) On December 19, 2015, the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation declared that the DPRK was responsible for a 
        cyberattack on Sony Pictures conducted on November 24, 2014.
            (19) From 1988 to 2008, the DPRK was designated by the 
        United States Government as a state sponsor of terrorism.
            (20) The DPRK is currently in violation of United Nations 
        Security Council Resolutions 1695 (2006), 1718 (2006), 1874 
        (2009), 2087 (2013), and 2094 (2013).
            (21) The DPRK repeatedly violated agreements with the 
        United States and the other so-called Six-Party Talks partners 
        (the Republic of Korea, Japan, the Russian Federation, and the 
        People's Republic of China) designed to halt its nuclear 
        weapons program, while receiving significant concessions, 
        including fuel, oil, and food aid.
            (22) The Six-Party Talks have not been held since December 
        2008.
            (23) On May 9, 2015, the DPRK claimed that it has test-
        fired a ballistic missile from a submarine.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the DPRK represents a serious threat to the national 
        security of the United States and United States allies in East 
        Asia and to international peace and stability, and grossly 
        violates the human rights of its own people;
            (2) the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the 
        Treasury should impose additional sanctions against the DPRK, 
        including targeting its financial assets around the world, 
        specific designations relating to human rights abuses, and a 
        redesignation of the DPRK as a state sponsor of terror; and
            (3) the President should not resume the negotiations with 
        the DPRK, either bilaterally or as part of the Six-Party Talks, 
        without strict preconditions, including that the DPRK--
                    (A) adhere to its denuclearization commitments 
                outlined in the 2005 Joint Statement of the Six-Party 
                Talks;
                    (B) commit to halting its ballistic missile 
                programs and its proliferation activities;
                    (C) cease military provocations; and
                    (D) measurably and significantly improve its human 
                rights record.

    TITLE II--ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

                   Subtitle A--Organizational Matters

SEC. 201. RIGHTSIZING ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after receiving rightsizing 
recommendations pursuant to a review conducted by the Office of 
Management, Policy, Rightsizing, and Innovation relating to overseas 
staffing levels at United States overseas posts, the relevant chief of 
mission, in coordination with the relevant regional bureau, shall 
submit a response to the Office of Management, Policy, Rightsizing, and 
Innovation that describes--
            (1) any rightsizing recommendations that are accepted by 
        such chief of mission and regional bureau;
            (2) a detailed schedule for implementation of any such 
        recommendations;
            (3) any recommendations that are rejected; and
            (4) a detailed justification providing the basis for the 
        rejection of any such recommendations.
    (b) Annual Report.--On the date on which the President's annual 
budget request is submitted to Congress, the Secretary shall submit an 
annual report to the appropriate congressional committees that 
describes the status of all rightsizing recommendations and responses 
described in subsection (a) from the preceding 5 years, including--
            (1) a list of all such rightsizing recommendations made, 
        including whether each such recommendation was accepted or 
        rejected by the relevant chief of mission and regional bureau;
            (2) for each accepted recommendation, a detailed 
        description of the current status of its implementation 
        according to the schedule provided pursuant to subsection 
        (a)(2), including an explanation for any departure from, or 
        changes to, such schedule; and
            (3) for any rejected recommendations, the justification 
        provided pursuant to subsection (a)(4).
    (c) Report on Regional Bureau Staffing.--In conjunction with each 
report required under subsection (b), the Secretary shall submit a 
supplemental report to the appropriate congressional committees that 
includes--
            (1) an enumeration of the domestic staff positions in each 
        regional bureau of the Department;
            (2) a detailed explanation of the extent to which the 
        staffing of each regional bureau reflects the overseas 
        requirements of the United States within each such region;
            (3) a detailed plan, including an implementation schedule, 
        for how the Department will seek to rectify any significant 
        imbalances in staffing among regional bureaus or between any 
        regional bureau and the overseas requirements of the United 
        States within such region if the Secretary determines that such 
        staffing does not reflect--
                    (A) the foreign policy priorities of the United 
                States; or
                    (B) the effective conduct of the foreign affairs of 
                the United States; and
            (4) a detailed description of the implementation status of 
        any plan provided pursuant to paragraph (3), including an 
        explanation for any departure from, or changes to, the 
        implementation schedule provided with such plan.

SEC. 202. INTEGRATION OF FOREIGN ECONOMIC POLICY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary, in conjunction with the Under 
Secretary of Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, shall 
establish--
            (1) foreign economic policy priorities for each regional 
        bureau, including for individual countries, as appropriate; and
            (2) policies and guidance for integrating such foreign 
        economic policy priorities throughout the Department.
    (b) Deputy Assistant Secretary.--Within each regional bureau of the 
Department, the Secretary shall task an existing Deputy Assistant 
Secretary with appropriate training and background in economic and 
commercial affairs with the responsibility for economic matters and 
interests within the responsibilities of such regional bureau, 
including the integration of the foreign economic policy priorities 
established pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Coordination.--The Deputy Assistant Secretary given the 
responsibility for economic matters and interests pursuant to 
subsection (b) within each bureau shall--
            (1) at the direction of the relevant Assistant Secretary, 
        review and report to the Assistant Secretary of such bureau on 
        all economic matters and interests; and
            (2) serve as liaison with the Office of the Under Secretary 
        for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment.

SEC. 203. REVIEW OF BUREAU OF AFRICAN AFFAIRS AND BUREAU OF NEAR 
              EASTERN AFFAIRS JURISDICTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
            (1) conduct a review of the jurisdictional responsibility 
        of the Bureau of African Affairs and that of the Bureau of Near 
        Eastern Affairs relating to the North African countries of 
        Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya; and
            (2) submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
        committees that includes--
                    (A) the findings of the review conducted under 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) recommendations on whether jurisdictional 
                responsibility among the bureaus referred to in 
                paragraph (1) should be adjusted.
    (b) Review.--The review conducted under subsection (a)(1) shall--
            (1) identify regional strategic priorities;
            (2) assess regional dynamics between the North Africa and 
        Sub-Saharan Africa regions, including the degree to which the 
        priorities identified pursuant to paragraph (1)--
                    (A) are distinct between each such region; or
                    (B) have similar application across such regions;
            (3) identify current priorities and effectiveness of United 
        States Government regional engagement in North Africa and Sub-
        Saharan Africa, including through security assistance, economic 
        assistance, humanitarian assistance, and trade;
            (4) assess the degree to which such engagement is--
                    (A) inefficient, duplicative, or uncoordinated 
                between the North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa 
                regions; or
                    (B) otherwise harmed or limited as a result of the 
                current division of jurisdictional responsibilities;
            (5) assess the overall coherence and effectiveness of the 
        current division of jurisdictional responsibilities in Africa 
        between the Bureau of African Affairs and the Bureau of Near 
        Eastern Affairs, including with regard to coordination with 
        other United States departments or agencies; and
            (6) assess any opportunities and costs of transferring 
        jurisdictional responsibility of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and 
        Libya from the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs to the Bureau of 
        African Affairs.

SEC. 204. SPECIAL ENVOYS, REPRESENTATIVES, ADVISORS, AND COORDINATORS.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
committees on special envoys, representatives, advisors, and 
coordinators of the Department, which shall include--
            (1) a tabulation of the current names, ranks, positions, 
        and responsibilities of all special envoy, representative, 
        advisor, and coordinator positions at the Department, with a 
        separate accounting of all such positions at the level of 
        Assistant Secretary (or equivalent) or above; and
            (2) for each position identified pursuant to paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) the date on which the position was created;
                    (B) the mechanism by which the position was 
                created, including the authority under which the 
                position was created;
                    (C) the positions authorized under section 1(d) of 
                the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 
                U.S.C. 2651a(d));
                    (D) a description of whether, and the extent to 
                which, the responsibilities assigned to the position 
                duplicate the responsibilities of other current 
                officials within the Department, including other 
                special envoys, representatives, and advisors;
                    (E) which current official within the Department 
                would be assigned the responsibilities of the position 
                in the absence of the position;
                    (F) to which current official within the Department 
                the position directly reports;
                    (G) the total number of staff assigned to support 
                the position; and
                    (H) with the exception of those created by statute, 
                a detailed explanation of the necessity of the position 
                to the effective conduct of the foreign affairs of the 
                United States.

SEC. 205. CONFLICT PREVENTION, MITIGATION AND RESOLUTION, AND THE 
              INCLUSION AND PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN.

    Section 704 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4024) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) The Secretary, in conjunction with the Administrator of the 
United States Agency for International Development, shall ensure that 
all appropriate personnel, responsible for, or deploying to, countries 
or regions considered to be at risk of, undergoing, or emerging from 
violent conflict, including special envoys, members of mediation or 
negotiation teams, relevant members of the civil service or foreign 
service, and contractors, obtain training, as appropriate, in the 
following areas, each of which shall include a focus on women and 
ensuring women's meaningful inclusion and participation:
            ``(1) Conflict prevention, mitigation, and resolution.
            ``(2) Protecting civilians from violence, exploitation, and 
        trafficking in persons.
            ``(3) International human rights law and international 
        humanitarian law.''.

SEC. 206. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM SECURITY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall regularly consult with the 
Director of the National Security Agency and any other departments or 
agencies the Secretary determines to be appropriate regarding the 
security of United States Government and nongovernment information 
technology systems and networks owned, operated, managed, or utilized 
by the Department, including any such systems or networks facilitating 
the use of sensitive or classified information.
    (b) Consultation.--In performing the consultations required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall make all such systems and networks 
available to the Director of the National Security Agency and any other 
such departments or agencies to carry out such tests and procedures as 
are necessary to ensure adequate policies and protections are in place 
to prevent penetrations or compromises of such systems and networks, 
including by malicious intrusions by any unauthorized individual or 
state actor or other entity.
    (c) Security Breach Reporting.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days thereafter, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the National Security 
Agency and any other departments or agencies the Secretary determines 
to be appropriate, shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees and to the Select Committee on Intelligence of 
the Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
House of Representatives that describes in detail--
            (1) all known or suspected penetrations or compromises of 
        the systems or networks described in subsection (a) 
        facilitating the use of classified information; and
            (2) all known or suspected significant penetrations or 
        compromises of any other such systems and networks that 
        occurred since the submission of the prior report.
    (d) Content.--Each report submitted under subsection (c) shall 
include--
            (1) a description of the relevant information technology 
        system or network penetrated or compromised;
            (2) an assessment of the date and time such penetration or 
        compromise occurred;
            (3) an assessment of the duration for which such system or 
        network was penetrated or compromised, including whether such 
        penetration or compromise is ongoing;
            (4) an assessment of the amount and sensitivity of 
        information accessed and available to have been accessed by 
        such penetration or compromise, including any such information 
        contained on systems and networks owned, operated, managed, or 
        utilized by any other department or agency of the United States 
        Government;
            (5) an assessment of whether such system or network was 
        penetrated by a malicious intrusion, including an assessment 
        of--
                    (A) the known or suspected perpetrators, including 
                state actors; and
                    (B) the methods used to conduct such penetration or 
                compromise; and
            (6) a description of the actions the Department has taken, 
        or plans to take, to prevent future, similar penetrations or 
        compromises of such systems and networks.

SEC. 207. ANALYSIS OF EMBASSY COST SHARING.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report 
to the appropriate congressional committees and to the Select Committee 
on Intelligence of the Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives that assesses the cost-
effectiveness and performance of the International Cooperative 
Administrative Support Services system (referred to in this section as 
the ``ICASS system''), including by assessing--
            (1) the general performance of the ICASS system in 
        providing cost-effective, timely, efficient, appropriate, and 
        reliable services that meet the needs of all departments and 
        agencies served;
            (2) the extent to which additional cost savings and greater 
        performance can be achieved under the current ICASS system and 
        rules;
            (3) the standards applied in the selection of the ICASS 
        provider and the extent to which such standards are 
        consistently applied; and
            (4) potential reforms to the ICASS system, including--
                    (A) the selection of more than 1 service provider 
                under certain circumstances;
                    (B) options for all departments or agencies to opt 
                out of ICASS entirely or to opt out of individual 
                services, including by debundling service packages;
                    (C) increasing the reliance on locally employed 
                staff or outsourcing to local firms, as appropriate; 
                and
                    (D) other modifications to the current ICASS system 
                and rules that would incentivize greater effectiveness 
                and cost efficiency.

SEC. 208. PARENT ADVISORY COMMITTEE TO THE INTERAGENCY WORKING GROUP TO 
              PREVENT INTERNATIONAL PARENTAL CHILD ABDUCTION.

    Section 433(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 
241(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Interagency Coordination.--
            ``(1) Interagency working group.--The Secretary of State 
        shall convene and chair an interagency working group to prevent 
        international parental child abduction, which shall be composed 
        of presidentially appointed, Senate confirmed, officials from--
                    ``(A) the Department of State;
                    ``(B) the Department of Homeland Security, 
                including U.S. Customs and Border Protection and U.S. 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement; and
                    ``(C) the Department of Justice, including the 
                Federal Bureau of Investigation.
            ``(2) Advisory committee.--The Secretary of State shall 
        convene an advisory committee to the interagency working group 
        established pursuant to paragraph (1), for the duration of the 
        working group's existence, which shall be composed of not less 
        than 3 left-behind parents, serving for 2-year terms, who--
                    ``(A) shall be selected by the Secretary; and
                    ``(B) shall periodically consult with the 
                interagency working group on all activities of the 
                interagency working group, as appropriate.''.

SEC. 209. IMPROVING RESEARCH AND EVALUATION OF PUBLIC DIPLOMACY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) conduct regular research and evaluation of public 
        diplomacy programs and activities of the Department, including 
        through the routine use of audience research, digital 
        analytics, and impact evaluations, to plan and execute such 
        programs and activities; and
            (2) make the findings of the research and evaluations 
        conducted under paragraph (1) available to Congress.
    (b) Director of Research and Evaluation.--
            (1) Appointment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall appoint a 
        Director of Research and Evaluation in the Office of Policy, 
        Planning, and Resources for the Under Secretary for Public 
        Diplomacy and Public Affairs.
            (2) Limitation on appointment.--The appointment of a 
        Director of Research and Evaluation pursuant to paragraph (1) 
        shall not result in an increase in the overall full-time 
        equivalent positions within the Department.
            (3) Responsibilities.--The Director of Research and 
        Evaluation shall--
                    (A) coordinate and oversee the research and 
                evaluation of public diplomacy programs of the 
                Department--
                            (i) to improve public diplomacy strategies 
                        and tactics; and
                            (ii) to ensure that programs are increasing 
                        the knowledge, understanding, and trust of the 
                        United States by relevant target audiences;
                    (B) report to the Director of Policy and Planning;
                    (C) routinely organize and oversee audience 
                research, digital analytics and impact evaluations 
                across all public diplomacy bureaus and offices of the 
                Department;
                    (D) support embassy public affairs sections;
                    (E) share appropriate public diplomacy research and 
                evaluation information within the Department and with 
                other Federal departments and agencies;
                    (F) regularly design and coordinate standardized 
                research questions, methodologies, and procedures to 
                ensure that public diplomacy activities across all 
                public diplomacy bureaus and offices are designed to 
                meet appropriate foreign policy objectives; and
                    (G) report quarterly to the United States Advisory 
                Commission on Public Diplomacy, through the 
                Commission's Subcommittee on Research and Evaluation 
                established pursuant to subsection (e), regarding the 
                research and evaluation of all public diplomacy bureaus 
                and offices of the Department.
            (4) Guidance and training.--Not later than 180 days after 
        his or her appointment pursuant to paragraph (1), the Director 
        of Research and Evaluation shall create guidance and training 
        for all public diplomacy officers regarding the reading and 
        interpretation of public diplomacy program evaluation findings 
        to ensure that such findings and lessons learned are 
        implemented in the planning and evaluation of all public 
        diplomacy programs and activities throughout the Department.
    (c) Prioritizing Research and Evaluation.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of Policy, Planning, and 
        Resources shall ensure that research and evaluation, as 
        coordinated and overseen by the Director of Research and 
        Evaluation, supports strategic planning and resource allocation 
        across all public diplomacy bureaus and offices of the 
        Department.
            (2) Allocation of resources.--Amounts allocated for the 
        purposes of research and evaluation of public diplomacy 
        programs and activities pursuant to subsection (a) shall be 
        made available to be disbursed at the direction of the Director 
        of Research and Evaluation among the research and evaluation 
        staff across all public diplomacy bureaus and offices of the 
        Department.
            (3) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        the Department should allocate, for the purposes of research 
        and evaluation of public diplomacy activities and programs 
        pursuant to subsection (a)--
                    (A) 3 to 5 percent of program funds made available 
                under the heading ``educational and cultural exchange 
                programs''; and
                    (B) 3 to 5 percent of program funds allocated for 
                public diplomacy programs under the heading 
                ``diplomatic and consular programs''.
    (d) Limited Exemption.--The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (44 
U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) shall not apply to collections of information 
directed at foreign individuals conducted by, or on behalf of, the 
Department for the purpose of audience research and impact evaluations, 
in accordance with the requirements under this section and in 
connection with the Department's activities conducted pursuant to the 
United States Information and Educational Exchange Act (22 U.S.C. 1431 
et seq.) or the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 
(22 U.S.C. 2451 et seq.).
    (e) Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.--
            (1) Subcommittee for research and evaluation.--The Advisory 
        Commission on Public Diplomacy shall establish a Subcommittee 
        for Research and Evaluation to monitor and advise on the 
        research and evaluation activities of the Department and the 
        Broadcasting Board of Governors.
            (2) Report.--The Subcommittee for Research and Evaluation 
        established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall submit an annual 
        report to Congress in conjunction with the Commission on Public 
        Diplomacy's Comprehensive Annual Report on the performance of 
        the Department and the Broadcasting Board of Governors in 
        carrying out research and evaluations of their respective 
        public diplomacy programming.
            (3) Reauthorization.--Section 1334 of the Foreign Affairs 
        Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6553) is 
        amended by striking ``October 1, 2015'' and inserting ``October 
        1, 2020''.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Audience research.--The term ``audience research'' 
        means research conducted at the outset of public diplomacy 
        program or campaign planning and design on specific audience 
        segments to understand the attitudes, interests, knowledge and 
        behaviors of such audience segments.
            (2) Digital analytics.--The term ``digital analytics'' 
        means the analysis of qualitative and quantitative data, 
        accumulated in digital format, to indicate the outputs and 
        outcomes of a public diplomacy program or campaign.
            (3) Impact evaluation.--The term ``impact evaluation'' 
        means an assessment of the changes in the audience targeted by 
        a public diplomacy program or campaign that can be attributed 
        to such program or campaign.

SEC. 210. ENHANCED INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY OF THE BUREAU OF AFRICAN 
              AFFAIRS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall strengthen the institutional 
capacity of the Bureau of African Affairs to oversee programs and 
engage in strategic planning and crisis management by--
            (1) establishing an office within the Bureau of African 
        Affairs that is separate and distinct from the regional affairs 
        office specifically charged with overseeing strategy 
        development and program implementation related to security 
        assistance;
            (2) planning to facilitate the long-term planning process; 
        and
            (3) developing a concrete plan to rightsize the Bureau of 
        African Affairs not later than 180 days after the date 
        enactment of this Act.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate 
congressional committees that describes the actions that have been 
taken to carry out subsection (a).
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Nothing in this section may 
be construed to authorize the appropriation of additional amounts to 
carry out this section, and the Secretary shall use existing resources 
to carry out the provisions of this section.

                     Subtitle B--Personnel Matters

SEC. 211. REVIEW OF FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICER COMPENSATION.

    (a) Independent Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall commission an 
        independent assessment of Foreign Service Officer compensation 
        to ensure that such compensation is achieving its purposes and 
        the goals of the Department, including to recruit, retain, and 
        maintain the world's premier diplomatic corps.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to 
        the appropriate congressional committees that includes--
                    (A) the results of the independent assessment 
                commissioned pursuant to paragraph (1); and
                    (B) the views of the Secretary regarding Foreign 
                Service Officer compensation.
    (b) Content.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a list of all compensation received by Foreign Service 
        Officers assigned domestically or overseas, including base 
        salary and any other benefits, allowances, differentials, or 
        other financial incentives;
            (2) for each form of compensation described in paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) an explanation of its stated purpose;
                    (B) a description of all relevant authorities, 
                including statutory authority; and
                    (C) an assessment of the degree to which its 
                historical and current use matches its stated purpose; 
                and
            (3) an assessment of the effectiveness of each form of 
        compensation described in paragraph (1) in--
                    (A) achieving its stated purpose;
                    (B) achieving the recruiting and retention goals of 
                the Department; and
                    (C) achieving the assignment placement needs of the 
                Department.

SEC. 212. REPEAL OF RECERTIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR SENIOR FOREIGN 
              SERVICE.

    Section 305 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3945) is 
amended by striking subsection (d).

SEC. 213. COMPENSATORY TIME OFF FOR TRAVEL.

    Section 5550b of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(c) The maximum amount of compensatory time off that may be 
earned under this section may not exceed 104 hours during any leave 
year (as defined in section 630.201(b) of title 5, Code of Federal 
Regulations).''.

SEC. 214. CERTIFICATES OF DEMONSTRATED COMPETENCE.

    Not later than 7 days after submitting the report required under 
section 304(a)(4) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3944(a)(4)) to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, the 
President shall make the report available to the public, including by 
posting the on the website of the Department in a conspicuous manner 
and location.

SEC. 215. FOREIGN SERVICE ASSIGNMENT RESTRICTIONS.

    (a) Appeal of Assignment Restriction.--The Secretary shall 
establish a right and process for employees to appeal any assignment 
restriction or preclusion.
    (b) Certification.--Upon full implementation of a right and process 
for employees to appeal an assignment restriction or preclusion, the 
Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
committees that--
            (1) certifies that such appeals process has been fully 
        implemented; and
            (2) includes a detailed description of such process.
    (c) Notice.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) publish the right and process established pursuant to 
        subsection (a) in the Foreign Affairs Manual; and
            (2) include a reference to such publication in the report 
        required under subsection (b).
    (d) Prohibiting Discrimination.--Section 502(a)(2) of the Foreign 
Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3982(a)(2)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(2) In making assignments under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall ensure that a member of the Service is not 
        assigned to, or restricted from, a position at a post in a 
        particular geographic area, or domestically in a position 
        working on issues relating to a particular geographic area, 
        exclusively on the basis of the race, ethnicity, or religion of 
        that member.''.

SEC. 216. SECURITY CLEARANCE SUSPENSIONS.

    (a) Suspension.--Section 610 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 
U.S.C. 4010) is amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting the 
        following:

``SEC. 610. SEPARATION FOR CAUSE; SUSPENSION.''; AND

            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c)(1) In order to promote the efficiency of the Service, the 
Secretary may suspend a member of the Service without pay when--
            ``(A) the member's security clearance is suspended; or
            ``(B) there is reasonable cause to believe that the member 
        has committed a crime for which a sentence of imprisonment may 
        be imposed.
    ``(2) Any member of the Foreign Service for whom a suspension is 
proposed under this subsection shall be entitled to--
            ``(A) written notice stating the specific reasons for the 
        proposed suspension;
            ``(B) a reasonable time to respond orally and in writing to 
        the proposed suspension;
            ``(C) representation by an attorney or other 
        representative; and
            ``(D) a final written decision, including the specific 
        reasons for such decision, as soon as practicable.
    ``(3) Any member suspended under this subsection may file a 
grievance in accordance with the procedures applicable to grievances 
under chapter 11.
    ``(4) If a grievance is filed under paragraph (3)--
            ``(A) the review by the Foreign Service Grievance Board 
        shall be limited to a determination of whether the provisions 
        of paragraphs (1) and (2) have been fulfilled; and
            ``(B) the Board may not exercise the authority provided 
        under section 1106(8).
    ``(5) In this subsection:
            ``(A) The term `reasonable time' means--
                    ``(i) with respect to a member of the Foreign 
                Service assigned to duty in the United States, 15 days 
                after receiving notice of the proposed suspension; and
                    ``(ii) with respect to a member of the Foreign 
                Service assigned to duty outside the United States, 30 
                days after receiving notice of the proposed suspension.
            ``(B) The terms `suspend' and `suspension' mean placing a 
        member of the Foreign Service in a temporary status without 
        duties and pay.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents in section 2 of such 
Act is amended by striking the item relating to section 610 and 
inserting the following:

``Sec. 610. Separation for cause; suspension.''.

SEC. 217. ECONOMIC STATECRAFT EDUCATION AND TRAINING.

    The Secretary shall establish curriculum at the Foreign Services 
Institute to develop the practical foreign economic policy expertise 
and skill sets of Foreign Service officers, including by making 
available distance-learning courses in commercial, economic, and 
business affairs, including in--
            (1) the global business environment;
            (2) the economics of development;
            (3) development and infrastructure finance;
            (4) current trade and investment agreements negotiations;
            (5) implementing existing multilateral and World Trade 
        Organization agreements, and United States trade and investment 
        agreements;
            (6) best practices for customs and export procedures; and
            (7) market analysis and global supply chain management.

SEC. 218. REPORT ON DIVERSITY RECRUITMENT, EMPLOYMENT, RETENTION, AND 
              PROMOTION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and quadrennially thereafter, the Secretary of 
State shall submit a comprehensive report to Congress that--
            (1) describes the efforts, consistent with existing law, 
        including procedures, effects, and results of the Department 
        since the period covered by the prior such report, to promote 
        equal opportunity and inclusion for all American employees in 
        direct hire and personal service contractors status, 
        particularly employees of the Foreign Service, to include equal 
        opportunity for all races, ethnicities, ages, genders, and 
        service-disabled veterans, with a focus on traditionally 
        underrepresented minority groups;
            (2) includes a section on--
                    (A) the diversity of selection boards;
                    (B) the employment of minority and service-disabled 
                veterans during the most recent 10-year period, 
                including--
                            (i) the number hired through direct hires, 
                        internships, and fellowship programs;
                            (ii) the number promoted to senior 
                        positions, including FS-01, GS-15, Senior 
                        Executive Service, and Senior Foreign Service; 
                        and
                            (iii) attrition rates by grade, civil and 
                        foreign services, and the senior level ranks 
                        listed in clause (ii);
                    (C) mentorship and retention programs; and
            (3) is organized in terms of real numbers and percentages 
        at all levels.
    (b) Contents.--Each report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
describe the efforts of the Department--
            (1) to propagate fairness, impartiality, and inclusion in 
        the work environment domestically and abroad;
            (2) to eradicate harassment, intolerance, and 
        discrimination;
            (3) to refrain from engaging in unlawful discrimination in 
        any phase of the employment process, including recruitment, 
        hiring, evaluation, assignments, promotion, retention, and 
        training;
            (4) to eliminate illegal retaliation against employees for 
        participating in a protected equal employment opportunity 
        activity;
            (5) to provide reasonable accommodation for qualified 
        employees and applicants with disabilities;
            (6) to resolve workplace conflicts, confrontations, and 
        complaints in a prompt, impartial, constructive, and timely 
        manner;
            (7) to improve demographic data availability and analysis 
        regarding recruitment, hiring, promotion, training, length in 
        service, assignment restrictions, and pass-through programs;
            (8) to recruit a diverse staff by--
                    (A) recruiting women, minorities, veterans, and 
                undergraduate and graduate students;
                    (B) recruiting at historically Black colleges and 
                universities, Hispanic serving institutions, women's 
                colleges, and colleges that typically serve majority 
                minority populations;
                    (C) sponsoring and recruiting at job fairs in urban 
                communities;
                    (D) placing job advertisements in newspapers, 
                magazines, and job sites oriented toward women and 
                people of color;
                    (E) providing opportunities through the Foreign 
                Service Internship Program and other hiring 
                initiatives; and
                    (F) recruiting mid- and senior-level professionals 
                through programs such as--
                            (i) the International Career Advancement 
                        Program;
                            (ii) the Public Policy and International 
                        Affairs Fellowship Program;
                            (iii) the Institute for International 
                        Public Policy Fellowship Program;
                            (iv) Seminar XXI at the Massachusetts 
                        Institute of Technology's Center for 
                        International Studies; and
                            (v) other similar, highly respected, 
                        international leadership programs; and
            (9) to provide opportunities through--
                    (A) the Charles B. Rangel International Affairs 
                Fellowship Program;
                    (B) the Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs 
                Fellowship Program; and
                    (C) the Donald M. Payne International Development 
                Fellowship Program.
    (c) Scope of Initial Report.--The first report submitted to 
Congress under this section shall include the information described in 
subsection (b) for the 3 fiscal years immediately preceding the fiscal 
year in which the report is submitted.

SEC. 219. EXPANSION OF THE CHARLES B. RANGEL INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 
              PROGRAM, THE THOMAS R. PICKERING FOREIGN AFFAIRS 
              FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM, AND THE DONALD M. PAYNE INTERNATIONAL 
              DEVELOPMENT FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Additional Fellowships Authorized.--Beginning in fiscal year 
2016, the Secretary shall--
            (1) increase by 10 the number of fellows selected for the 
        Charles B. Rangel International Affairs Program;
            (2) increase by 10 the number of fellows selected for the 
        Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship Program; and
            (3) increase by 5 the number of fellows selected for the 
        Donald M. Payne International Development Fellowship Program.
    (b) Payne Fellowship Program.--Undergraduate and graduate 
components of the Donald M. Payne International Development Fellowship 
Program are authorized to conduct outreach to attract outstanding 
students who represent diverse ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds 
with an interest in pursuing a Foreign Service career.

SEC. 220. RETENTION OF MID- AND SENIOR-LEVEL PROFESSIONALS FROM 
              UNDERREPRESENTED GROUPS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary should provide attention and 
oversight to the employment, retention, and promotion of 
underrepresented groups to promote a diverse ethnic representation 
among mid- and senior-level career professionals through programs such 
as--
            (1) the International Career Advancement Program;
            (2) Seminar XXI at the Massachusetts Institute of 
        Technology's Center for International Studies; and
            (3) other highly respected international leadership 
        programs.
    (b) Review of Past Programs.--The Secretary should review past 
programs designed to increase minority representation in international 
affairs positions, including--
            (1) the USAID Undergraduate Cooperative and Graduate 
        Economics Program;
            (2) the Public Policy and International Affairs Fellowship 
        Program; and
            (3) the Institute for International Public Policy 
        Fellowship Program.

SEC. 221. REVIEW OF JURISDICTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SPECIAL 
              REPRESENTATIVE TO AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN AND THE BUREAU 
              OF SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIAN AFFAIRS.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of State shall conduct a review of the 
jurisdictional responsibilities of the Special Representative to 
Afghanistan and Pakistan (SRAP) and the Bureau of South and Central 
Asian Affairs (SCA).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on the findings of the review 
conducted under subsection (a), including recommendations on whether 
jurisdictional responsibility between the 2 offices should be adjusted.

SEC. 222. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF COUNTRIES COMPLIANCE WITH 
              MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR THE ELIMINATION OF TRAFFICKING.

    Section 110 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 
U.S.C. 7107) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Congressional Notification.--Not later than 30 days before 
the anticipated submission of each annual report under subsection 
(b)(1), the Secretary of State shall notify and brief the appropriate 
congressional committees concerning the countries that will be upgraded 
to a higher tier or downgraded to a lower tier in such report.''.

SEC. 223. INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM TRAINING PROGRAM.

    Section 708 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4028) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively;
            (2) in subsection (d), as redesignated, by inserting 
        ``Refugees'' before ``The Secretary of State'';
            (3) in subsection (e), as redesignated, by inserting 
        ``Child Soldiers'' before ``The Secretary of State''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Development of Curriculum.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Ambassador at Large for 
        International Religious Freedom appointed under section 101(b) 
        of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 
        6411(b)) shall develop a curriculum for Foreign Service 
        Officers that includes training on--
                    ``(A) the scope and strategic value of 
                international religious freedom;
                    ``(B) how violations of international religious 
                freedom harm fundamental United States interests;
                    ``(C) how the advancement of international 
                religious freedom can advance such interests;
                    ``(D) how United States international religious 
                freedom policy should be carried out in practice by 
                United States diplomats and other Foreign Service 
                Officers; and
                    ``(E) the relevance and relationship of 
                international religious freedom to United States 
                defense, diplomacy, development, and public affairs 
                efforts to combat violent extremism.
            ``(2) Role of other officials.--The Ambassador at Large for 
        International Religious Freedom shall carry out paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) in coordination with the Director of the 
                George P. Shultz National Foreign Affairs Training 
                Center and other Federal officials, as appropriate; and
                    ``(B) in consultation with the United States 
                Commission on International Religious Freedom 
                established under section 201(a) of the International 
                Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (22 U.S.C. 6431(a)).
            ``(3) Resources.--The Secretary of State shall ensure the 
        availability of sufficient resources to develop and implement 
        the curriculum required under this subsection.
    ``(b) Religious Freedom Training.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than the date that is 1 year 
        after the date of the enactment of the Department of State 
        Operations Authorization and Embassy Security Act, Fiscal Year 
        2016, the Director of the George P. Shultz National Foreign 
        Affairs Training Center shall begin training on religious 
        freedom, using the curriculum developed under subsection (a), 
        for Foreign Service officers, including--
                    ``(A) entry level officers;
                    ``(B) officers prior to departure for posting 
                outside the United States; and
                    ``(C) incoming deputy chiefs of mission and 
                ambassadors.
            ``(2) Elements.--The training required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be substantively incorporated into--
                    ``(A) the A-100 course attended by Foreign Service 
                Officers;
                    ``(B) the specific country courses required of 
                Foreign Service Officers prior to a posting outside the 
                United States, with training tailored to--
                            ``(i) the particular religious demography 
                        of such country;
                            ``(ii) religious freedom conditions in such 
                        country;
                            ``(iii) religious engagement strategies; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) United States strategies for 
                        advancing religious freedom.
                    ``(C) the courses required of incoming deputy 
                chiefs of mission and ambassadors.
    ``(c) Information Sharing.--The curriculum and training materials 
developed pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) shall be shared with the 
United States Armed Forces and all other Federal departments and 
agencies whose personnel serve as attaches, advisors, detailees, or 
otherwise in United States embassies globally to provide training on--
            ``(1) United States religious freedom policies;
            ``(2) religious traditions;
            ``(3) religious engagement strategies;
            ``(4) religious and cultural issues; and
            ``(5) efforts to combat terrorism and violent religious 
        extremism.''.

                 TITLE III--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

 Subtitle A--United States Contributions to International Organizations

SEC. 301. REPORTS CONCERNING THE UNITED NATIONS.

    (a) Report on Anti-Semitic Activity at the United Nations and Its 
Agencies.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit a report 
to the appropriate congressional committees that describes--
            (1) all activities at the United Nations and its 
        subagencies that can be construed to exhibit an anti-Semitic 
        bias, including official statements, proposed resolutions, and 
        United Nations investigations;
            (2) the use of United Nations resources to promote anti-
        Semitic or anti-Israel rhetoric or propaganda, including 
        publications, internet websites, and textbooks or other 
        educational materials used to propagate political rhetoric 
        regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; and
            (3) specific actions taken by the United States Government 
        to address any of the activities described in paragraphs (1) 
        and (2).
    (b) Report on All United States Government Contributions to the 
United Nations.--Section 4(c) of the United Nations Participation Act 
of 1945 (22 U.S.C. 287b(c)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) 
        as paragraphs (2), (3), (5), (6), and (7), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as so redesignated, 
        the following:
            ``(1) Contributions to the united nations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A detailed description of all 
                assessed and voluntary contributions, including in-kind 
                contributions, of the United States to the United 
                Nations and to each of its affiliated agencies and 
                related bodies--
                            ``(i) during the preceding fiscal year;
                            ``(ii) estimated for the fiscal year in 
                        which the report is submitted; and
                            ``(iii) requested in the budget of the 
                        President submitted to Congress under section 
                        1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for 
                        the following fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Content.--The description required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall, for each fiscal year specified 
                in clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) of that subparagraph, 
                include--
                            ``(i) the total amount or value of all 
                        contributions described in that subparagraph;
                            ``(ii) the approximate percentage of all 
                        such contributions by the United States 
                        compared to all contributions to the United 
                        Nations and to each of its affiliated agencies 
                        and related bodies from any source; and
                            ``(iii) for each such contribution 
                        described in subparagraph (A)--
                                    ``(I) the amount or value of the 
                                contribution;
                                    ``(II) whether the contribution was 
                                assessed by the United Nations or 
                                voluntary;
                                    ``(III) the purpose of the 
                                contribution;
                                    ``(IV) the department or agency of 
                                the United States Government 
                                responsible for the contribution; and
                                    ``(V) whether the United Nations or 
                                an affiliated agency or related body 
                                received the contribution and, if an 
                                affiliated agency or related body 
                                received the contribution, which such 
                                agency or body.
                    ``(C) Public availability of information.--Not 
                later than 14 days after submitting a report required 
                under this subsection to the designated congressional 
                committees, the Director of the Office of Management 
                and Budget shall post a text-based, searchable version 
                of the description required by subparagraph (A) on a 
                publicly available Internet website of that Office.''.

SEC. 302. ANNUAL REPORT ON FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL 
              ORGANIZATIONS.

    Section 4(b) of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (22 
U.S.C. 287b(b)) is amended by striking ``in which the United States 
participates as a member'' and inserting ``, including--
            ``(1) the amount of such contributions that were assessed 
        by an international organization and the amount of such 
        contributions that were voluntary; and
            ``(2) the ratio of United States contributions to total 
        contributions received for--
                    ``(A) the United Nations, specialized agencies of 
                the United Nations, and other United Nations funds, 
                programs, and organizations;
                    ``(B) peacekeeping;
                    ``(C) inter-American organizations;
                    ``(D) regional organizations; and
                    ``(E) other international organizations.''.

SEC. 303. REPORT ON PEACEKEEPING ARREARS, CREDITS, AND CONTRIBUTIONS.

    Section 4(c) of the United Nations Participation Act (22 U.S.C. 
287b(c)), as amended by section 301(b), is further amended by adding at 
the end the following:
            ``(6) Peacekeeping credits.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A complete and full accounting 
                of United States peacekeeping assessments and 
                contributions for United Nations peacekeeping 
                operations, including the following:
                            ``(i) A tabulation of annual United Nations 
                        peacekeeping assessment rates, the peacekeeping 
                        contribution rate authorized by the United 
                        States, and the United States public law that 
                        authorized the contribution rate for the United 
                        Nations peacekeeping budget for each fiscal 
                        year beginning in fiscal year 1995 through the 
                        fiscal year following the date of the report.
                            ``(ii) A tabulation of current United 
                        States accrued shortfalls and arrears in each 
                        respective ongoing or closed United Nations 
                        peacekeeping mission.
                            ``(iii) A tabulation of all peacekeeping 
                        credits, including--
                                    ``(I) the total amount of 
                                peacekeeping credits determined by the 
                                United Nations to be available to the 
                                United States;
                                    ``(II) the total amount of 
                                peacekeeping credits determined by the 
                                United Nations to be unavailable to the 
                                United States;
                                    ``(III) the total amount of 
                                peacekeeping credits determined by the 
                                United Nations to be available to the 
                                United States from each open and closed 
                                peacekeeping mission;
                                    ``(IV) the total amount of 
                                peacekeeping credits determined by the 
                                United Nations to be unavailable to the 
                                United States from each open and closed 
                                peacekeeping mission;
                                    ``(V) the total amount of 
                                peacekeeping credits applied by the 
                                United Nations toward shortfalls from 
                                previous years that are apportioned to 
                                the United States;
                                    ``(VI) the total amount of 
                                peacekeeping credits applied by the 
                                United Nations toward offsetting future 
                                contributions of the United States; and
                                    ``(VII) the total amount of 
                                peacekeeping credits determined by the 
                                United Nations to be available to the 
                                United States that could be applied 
                                toward offsetting United States 
                                contributions in the following fiscal 
                                year.
                            ``(iv) An explanation of any claim of 
                        unavailability by the United Nations of any 
                        peacekeeping credits described in clause 
                        (iii)(IV).
                            ``(v) A description of any efforts by the 
                        United States to obtain reimbursement in 
                        accordance with the requirements of this Act, 
                        including Department of Defense materiel and 
                        services, and an explanation of any failure to 
                        obtain any such reimbursement.
                    ``(B) Peacekeeping credits defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `peacekeeping credits' means the 
                amounts by which, during a United Nations peacekeeping 
                fiscal year, the contributions of the United States to 
                the United Nations for peacekeeping operations exceed 
                the actual expenditures for peacekeeping operations by 
                the United Nations that are apportioned to the United 
                States.''.

SEC. 304. ASSESSMENT RATE TRANSPARENCY.

    (a) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after each time the 
        United Nations General Assembly modifies the assessment levels 
        for peacekeeping operations, the Secretary shall submit a 
        report, which may include a classified annex, to the Committee 
        on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign 
        Affairs of the House of Representatives.
            (2) Contents.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall describe--
                    (A) the change, by amount and percentage, of the 
                peacekeeping assessment charged to each member state; 
                and
                    (B) how the economic and strategic interests of 
                each of the permanent members of the Security Council 
                is being served by each peacekeeping mission currently 
                in force.
    (b) Availability of Peacekeeping Assessment Data.--The Secretary 
shall direct the United States Permanent Representative to the United 
Nations to use the voice, vote, and influence of the United States at 
the United Nations to urge the United Nations--
            (1) to share the raw data used to calculate member state 
        peacekeeping assessment rates; and
            (2) to make available the formula for determining 
        peacekeeping assessments.

       Subtitle B--Accountability at International Organizations

SEC. 311. PREVENTING ABUSE IN PEACEKEEPING.

    Not later than 15 days before the anticipated date of a vote (or, 
in the case of exigent circumstances, as far in advance of the vote as 
is practicable) on a resolution approving a new peacekeeping mission 
under the auspices of the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization, or any other multilateral organization in which the 
United States participates, or to reauthorize an existing such mission, 
the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees 
a report on that mission that includes the following:
            (1) A description of the specific measures taken and 
        planned to be taken by the organization related to the 
        mission--
                    (A) to prevent individuals who are employees or 
                contractor personnel of the organization, or members of 
                the forces serving in the mission from engaging in acts 
                of trafficking in persons, exploitation of victims of 
                trafficking, or sexual exploitation or abuse; and
                    (B) to hold accountable any such individuals who 
                engage in any such acts while participating in the 
                mission.
            (2) An assessment of the effectiveness of each of the 
        measures described in paragraph (1).
            (3) An accounting and assessment of all cases in which the 
        organization has taken action to investigate allegations that 
        individuals described in paragraph (1)(A) have engaged in acts 
        described in that paragraph, including a description of the 
        status of all such cases as of the date of the report.

SEC. 312. INCLUSION OF PEACEKEEPING ABUSES IN COUNTRY REPORT ON HUMAN 
              RIGHTS PRACTICES.

    Section 116(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
2151n(d)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (11)(C), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (12)(C)(ii), by striking the period at the 
        end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(13) for each country that contributes personnel to 
        United Nations peacekeeping missions, a description of--
                    ``(A) any allegations of such personnel engaging in 
                acts of trafficking in persons, exploitation of victims 
                of trafficking, or sexual exploitation and abuse while 
                participating in such a peacekeeping mission;
                    ``(B) any repatriations of such personnel resulting 
                from an allegation described in subparagraph (A);
                    ``(C) any actions taken by such country with 
                respect to personnel repatriated as a result of 
                allegations described in subparagraph (A), including 
                whether such personnel faced prosecution related to 
                such allegations; and
                    ``(D) the extent to which any actions taken as 
                described in subparagraph (C) have been communicated by 
                such country to the United Nations.''.

SEC. 313. EVALUATION OF UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING MISSIONS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the 
appropriate congressional committees that includes--
            (1) a comprehensive evaluation of current United Nations 
        peacekeeping missions;
            (2) a prioritization of the peacekeeping missions;
            (3) plans for phasing out and ending any mission that--
                    (A) has substantially met its objectives and goals; 
                or
                    (B) will not be able to meet its objectives and 
                goals; and
            (4) a plan for reviewing the status of open-ended mandates 
        for--
                    (A) the United Nations Interim Administration 
                Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK);
                    (B) the United Nations Truce Supervision 
                Organization (UNTSO); and
                    (C) the United Nations Military Observer Group in 
                India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP).
    (b) Approval of Future Peacekeeping Missions.--The President shall 
direct the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations 
to use the voice, vote, and influence of the United States at the 
United Nations to ensure that no new United Nations peacekeeping 
mission is approved without a periodic mandate renewal.
    (c) Funding Limitation.--The United States shall not provide 
funding for any United Nations peacekeeping mission beginning after the 
date of the enactment of this Act unless the mission has a periodic 
mandate renewal.

                     Subtitle C--Personnel Matters

SEC. 321. ENCOURAGING EMPLOYMENT OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS AT THE 
              UNITED NATIONS.

    Section 181 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 276c-4) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 181. EMPLOYMENT OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS BY CERTAIN 
              INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    ``Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the 
Department of State Operations Authorization and Embassy Security Act, 
Fiscal Year 2016, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State shall 
submit to Congress a report that provides--
            ``(1) for each international organization that had a 
        geographic distribution formula in effect on January 1, 1991, 
        an assessment of whether that organization--
                    ``(A) is taking good faith steps to increase the 
                staffing of United States citizens, including, as 
                appropriate, as assessment of any additional steps the 
                organization could be taking to increase such staffing; 
                and
                    ``(B) has met the requirements of its geographic 
                distribution formula; and
            ``(2) an assessment of United States representation among 
        professional and senior-level positions at the United Nations, 
        including--
                    ``(A) an assessment of the proportion of United 
                States citizens employed at the United Nations 
                Secretariat and at all United Nations specialized 
                agencies, funds, and programs relative to the total 
                employment at the United Nations Secretariat and at all 
                such agencies, funds, and programs;
                    ``(B) as assessment of compliance by the United 
                Nations Secretariat and such agencies, funds, and 
                programs with any applicable geographic distribution 
                formula; and
                    ``(C) a description of any steps taken or planned 
                to be taken by the United States to increase the 
                staffing of United States citizens at the United 
                Nations Secretariat and such agencies, funds and 
                programs.''.

SEC. 322. ENSURING APPROPRIATE UNITED NATIONS PERSONNEL SALARIES.

    (a) Compensation of United Nations Personnel.--The President shall 
direct the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations 
to use the voice, vote, and influence of the United States at the 
United Nations--
            (1) to establish appropriate policies, procedures, and 
        assumptions for--
                    (A) determining comparable positions between 
                officials in the professional and higher categories of 
                employment at the United Nations headquarters in New 
                York, New York, and in the United States Federal civil 
                service;
                    (B) calculating the margin between the compensation 
                of such officials at the United Nations headquarters 
                and the civil service; and
                    (C) determining the appropriate margin for adoption 
                by the United Nations to govern compensation for such 
                officials;
            (2) to make all policies, procedures, and assumptions 
        described in paragraph (1) available to the public; and
            (3) to limit increases in the compensation of United 
        Nations officials to ensure that such officials remain within 
        the margin range established by United Nations General Assembly 
        Resolution A/RES/40/244, or any subsequent margin range adopted 
        by the United Nations to govern compensation for United Nations 
        officials.
    (b) Report on Salary Margins.--The Secretary shall submit an annual 
report to the appropriate congressional committees, at the time of the 
submission of the budget of the President to Congress under section 
1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, that
            (1) describes the policies, procedures, and assumptions 
        established or used by the United Nations--
                    (A) to determine comparable positions between 
                officials in the professional and higher categories of 
                employment at the United Nations headquarters in New 
                York, New York, and in the United States Federal civil 
                service;
                    (B) to calculate the percentage difference, or 
                margin, between the compensation of such officials at 
                the United Nations headquarters and the civil service; 
                and
                    (C) to determine the margin range established in 
                United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/40/
                244, or any subsequent margin range adopted by the 
                United Nations to govern compensation for United 
                Nations officials;
            (2) assesses, in accordance with the policies, procedures, 
        and assumptions described in paragraph (1), the margin between 
        net salaries of officials in the professional and higher 
        categories of employment at the United Nations in New York and 
        those of comparable positions in the United States Federal 
        civil service;
            (3) assesses any changes in the margin described in 
        paragraph (2) from the previous year;
            (4) assesses the extent to which any changes in that margin 
        resulted from modifications to the policies, procedures, and 
        assumptions described in paragraph (1); and
            (5) provides the views of the Secretary on any changes in 
        that margin and any such modifications.

                     TITLE IV--CONSULAR AUTHORITIES

SEC. 401. VISA INELIGIBILITY FOR INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTORS.

    Section 212(a)(10)(C)(iii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
(8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(10)(C)(iii)) is amended--
            (1) in subclause (I), by adding ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subclause (II), by striking ``; or'' at the end and 
        inserting a period; and
            (3) by striking subclause (III).

SEC. 402. PRESUMPTION OF IMMIGRANT INTENT FOR H AND L VISA 
              CLASSIFICATIONS.

    Section 214(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1184(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(other than a nonimmigrant described in 
        subparagraph (L) or (V) of section 101(a)(15), and other than a 
        nonimmigrant described in any provision of section 
        101(a)(15)(H)(i) except subclause (b1) of such section)'';
            (2) by striking ``under section 101(a)(15).'' and inserting 
        ``under the immigration laws.''; and
            (3) by striking ``he'' each place such term appears and 
        inserting ``the alien''.

SEC. 403. VISA INFORMATION SHARING.

    Section 222(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1202(f)(2)) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``issuance or refusal'' and inserting ``issuance, refusal, or 
        revocation''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``and on the basis of reciprocity'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``illicit 
                weapons; or'' and inserting ``illicit weapons, or in 
                determining the removability or eligibility for a visa, 
                admission, or another immigration benefit of persons 
                who would be inadmissible to, or removable from, the 
                United States;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``for the purposes'' and 
                        inserting ``for 1 of the purposes''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``or to deny visas to 
                        persons who would be inadmissible to the United 
                        States.'' and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) with regard to any or all aliens in the 
                database, specified data elements from each record, if 
                the Secretary of State determines that it is in the 
                national interest to provide such information to a 
                foreign government.''.

                       TITLE V--EMBASSY SECURITY

     Subtitle A--Allocation of Authorized Security Appropriations.

SEC. 501. WORLDWIDE SECURITY PROTECTION.

    (a) In General.--Funds made available in fiscal year 2016 for 
worldwide security protection shall to the extent practicable, before 
any such funds may be allocated to any other authorized purpose, be 
allocated for--
            (1) immediate threat mitigation support in accordance with 
        subsection (b) at facilities determined to be high threat, high 
        risk pursuant to section 531;
            (2) immediate threat mitigation support in accordance with 
        subsection (b) at other facilities; and
            (3) locations with high vulnerabilities.
    (b) Immediate Threat Mitigation Support Prioritization.--In 
allocating funding for immediate threat mitigation support pursuant to 
this section, the Secretary shall prioritize funding for--
            (1) the purchasing of additional security equipment, 
        including additional defensive weaponry;
            (2) the paying of expenses of additional security forces; 
        and
            (3) any other purposes necessary to mitigate immediate 
        threats to United States personnel serving overseas.

SEC. 502. EMBASSY SECURITY, CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE.

    (a) In General.--Funds made available in fiscal year 2016 for 
Worldwide Security Upgrades within ``embassy security, construction and 
maintenance'' shall to the extent practicable, before any funds may be 
allocated to any other authorized purpose, be allocated in the 
prioritized order of--
            (1) immediate threat mitigation projects in accordance with 
        subsection (b) at facilities determined to be high threat, high 
        risk pursuant to section 531;
            (2) other security upgrades to facilities determined to be 
        high threat, high risk pursuant to section 531;
            (3) all other immediate threat mitigation projects in 
        accordance with subsection (b); and
            (4) security upgrades to all other facilities or new 
        construction for facilities determined to be high threat, high 
        risk pursuant to section 531.
    (b) Immediate Threat Mitigation Projects Prioritization.--In 
allocating funding for immediate threat mitigation projects pursuant to 
this section, the Secretary shall prioritize funding for the 
construction of safeguards that provide immediate security benefits and 
any other purposes necessary to mitigate immediate threats to United 
States personnel serving overseas.
    (c) Additional Limitation.--No funds authorized to be appropriated 
shall be obligated for new embassy construction, other than for high 
threat, high risk facilities, unless the Secretary certifies to the 
appropriate congressional committees that--
            (1) the Department has fully complied with the requirements 
        of subsection (a);
            (2) high threat, high risk facilities are being secured to 
        the best of the United States Government's ability; and
            (3) the Secretary will make funds available from the 
        Embassy Security, Construction and Maintenance account or other 
        sources to address any changed security threats or new or 
        emergent security needs, including new immediate threat 
        mitigation projects.
    (d) Report.--The Secretary shall report to the appropriate 
congressional committees not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act on--
            (1) funding for the priorities described in subsection (a);
            (2) efforts to secure high threat, high risk facilities as 
        well as high vulnerability locations facilities; and
            (3) plans to make funds available from the Embassy 
        Security, Construction and Maintenance account or other sources 
        to address any changed security threats or new or emergent 
        security needs, including new immediate threat mitigation 
        projects.

               Subtitle B--Contracting and Other Matters.

SEC. 511. LOCAL GUARD CONTRACTS ABROAD UNDER DIPLOMATIC SECURITY 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 136(c)(3) of the Foreign Relations 
Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1990 and 1991 (22 U.S.C. 4864(c)(3)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(3) in evaluating proposals for such contracts, award 
        contracts to technically acceptable firms offering the lowest 
        evaluated price, except that--
                    ``(A) the Secretary may award contracts on the 
                basis of best value (as determined by a cost-technical 
                tradeoff analysis), especially for posts determined to 
                be high threat, high risk pursuant to section 531 of 
                the Department of State Operations Authorization and 
                Embassy Security Act, Fiscal Year 2016; and
                    ``(B) proposals received from United States persons 
                and qualified United States joint venture persons shall 
                be evaluated by reducing the bid price by 10 
                percent;''.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives that includes--
            (1) an explanation of the implementation of section 
        136(c)(3) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal 
        Years 1990 and 1991, as amended by subsection (a); and
            (2) for each instance in which a contract is awarded 
        pursuant to subparagraph (A) of such section, a written 
        justification and approval that describes the basis for such 
        award and an explanation of the inability of the Secretary to 
        satisfy the needs of the Department by awarding a contract to 
        the technically acceptable firm offering the lowest evaluated 
        price.

SEC. 512. DISCIPLINARY ACTION RESULTING FROM UNSATISFACTORY LEADERSHIP 
              IN RELATION TO A SECURITY INCIDENT.

    Section 304(c) of the Diplomatic Security Act (22 U.S.C. 4834 (c)) 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as 
        subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively, and moving such 
        subparagraphs, as so redesignated, 2 ems to the right;
            (2) by striking ``Whenever'' in the first sentence 
        immediately following the subsection heading and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--Whenever''; and
            (3) by inserting at the end the following:
            ``(2) Certain security incidents.--
                    ``(A) Unsatisfactory leadership.--Unsatisfactory 
                leadership by a senior official with respect to a 
                security incident involving loss of life, serious 
                injury, or significant destruction of property at or 
                related to a United States Government mission abroad 
                may be grounds for disciplinary action.
                    ``(B) Disciplinary action.--If a Board finds 
                reasonable cause to believe that a senior official 
                provided such unsatisfactory leadership, the Board may 
                recommend disciplinary action subject to the procedures 
                in paragraph (1).''.

SEC. 513. MANAGEMENT AND STAFF ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) Authority of Secretary of State.--Nothing in this Act or in any 
other provision of law may be construed to prevent the Secretary from 
using all authorities invested in the office of Secretary to take 
personnel action against any employee or official of the Department 
that the Secretary determines has breached the duty of that individual 
or has engaged in misconduct or unsatisfactorily performed the duties 
of employment of that individual, and such misconduct or unsatisfactory 
performance has significantly contributed to the serious injury, loss 
of life, or significant destruction of property, or a serious breach of 
security, even if such action is the subject of an Accountability 
Review Board's examination under section 304(a) of the Diplomatic 
Security Act (22 U.S.C. 4834(a)).
    (b) Accountability.--Section 304 of the Diplomatic Security Act (22 
U.S.C. 4834) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by inserting ``or has engaged in 
        misconduct or unsatisfactorily performed the duties of 
        employment of that individual, and such misconduct or 
        unsatisfactory performance has significantly contributed to the 
        serious injury, loss of life, or significant destruction of 
        property, or the serious breach of security that is the subject 
        of the Board's examination as described in subsection (a),'' 
        after ``breached the duty of that individual'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Management Accountability.--Whenever a Board determines that 
an individual has engaged in any conduct described in subsection (c), 
the Board shall evaluate the level and effectiveness of management and 
oversight conducted by employees or officials in the management chain 
of such individual.''.

SEC. 514. SECURITY ENHANCEMENTS FOR SOFT TARGETS.

    Section 29 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 
(22 U.S.C. 2701) is amended, in the third sentence, by inserting 
``physical security enhancements and'' after ``Such assistance may 
include''.

            Subtitle C--Marine Corps Security Guard Program

SEC. 521. ADDITIONAL REPORTS ON EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF MARINE 
              CORPS SECURITY GUARD PROGRAM.

    Section 1269(a)(2) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 10 U.S.C. 5983 note) is amended by inserting ``and not less 
frequently than once each year thereafter until the date that is three 
years after such date'' after ``of this Act''.

           Subtitle D--Defending High Threat, High Risk Posts

SEC. 531. DESIGNATION AND REPORTING FOR HIGH THREAT, HIGH RISK POSTS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Director of National Intelligence and the 
Secretary of Defense, shall submit, to the Committee on Foreign 
Relations of the Senate, the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
Senate, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, the Committee on 
Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, the Permanent Select 
Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, a 
classified report, with an unclassified summary, evaluating Department 
facilities that the Secretary determines to be high threat, high risk 
in accordance with subsection (c).
    (b) Contents.--For each facility determined to be high threat, high 
risk pursuant to subsection (a), the report submitted under subsection 
(a) shall include--
            (1) a narrative assessment describing the security threats 
        and risks facing posts overseas and the overall threat level to 
        United States personnel under chief of mission authority;
            (2) the number of diplomatic security personnel, Marine 
        Corps security guards, and other Department personnel dedicated 
        to providing security for United States personnel, information, 
        and facilities;
            (3) an assessment of host nation willingness and capability 
        to provide protection in the event of a security threat or 
        incident, pursuant to the obligations of the United States 
        under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, done at 
        Vienna April 24, 1963, and the 1961 Vienna Convention on 
        Diplomatic Relations, done at Vienna April 18, 1961;
            (4) an assessment of the quality and experience level of 
        the team of United States senior security personnel assigned to 
        the facility, considering collectively the assignment durations 
        and lengths of government experience;
            (5) the number of Foreign Service Officers who have 
        received Foreign Affairs Counter Threat training;
            (6) a summary of the requests made during the previous 
        calendar year for additional resources, equipment, or personnel 
        related to the security of the facility and the status of such 
        requests;
            (7) an assessment of the ability of United States personnel 
        to respond to and survive a fire attack, including--
                    (A) whether the facility has adequate fire safety 
                and security equipment for safe havens and safe areas; 
                and
                    (B) whether the employees working at the facility 
                have been adequately trained on the equipment 
                available;
            (8) if it is a new facility, a detailed description of the 
        steps taken to provide security for the new facility, including 
        whether a dedicated support cell was established in the 
        Department to ensure proper and timely resourcing of security; 
        and
            (9) a listing of any high threat, high risk facilities 
        where the facilities of the Department and other government 
        agencies are not collocated, including--
                    (A) a rationale for the lack of collocation; and
                    (B) a description of what steps, if any, are being 
                taken to mitigate potential security vulnerabilities 
                associated with the lack of collocation.
    (c) Determination of High Threat, High Risk Facility.--In 
determining which facilities of the Department constitute high threat, 
high risk facilities under this section, the Secretary shall take into 
account with respect to each facility whether there are--
            (1) high to critical levels of political violence or 
        terrorism;
            (2) national or local governments with inadequate capacity 
        or political will to provide appropriate protection; and
            (3) in locations where there are high to critical levels of 
        political violence or terrorism or where national or local 
        governments lack the capacity or political will to provide 
        appropriate protection--
                    (A) mission physical security platforms that fall 
                well below the Department's established standards; or
                    (B) security personnel levels that are insufficient 
                for the circumstances.
    (d) Inspector General Review and Report.--The Inspector General for 
the Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors shall 
annually--
            (1) review the determinations of the Secretary with respect 
        to high threat, high risk facilities, including the basis for 
        making such determinations;
            (2) review contingency planning for high threat, high risk 
        facilities and evaluate the measures in place to respond to 
        attacks on such facilities;
            (3) review the risk mitigation measures in place at high 
        threat, high risk facilities to determine how the Secretary 
        evaluates risk and whether the measures put in place 
        sufficiently address the relevant risks;
            (4) review early warning systems in place at high threat, 
        high risk facilities and evaluate the measures being taken to 
        preempt and disrupt threats to such facilities; and
            (5) provide to the appropriate congressional committees--
                    (A) an assessment of the determinations of the 
                Secretary with respect to high threat, high risk 
                facilities, including recommendations for additions or 
                changes to the list of such facilities; and
                    (B) a report on the reviews and evaluations 
                undertaken pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (4).

SEC. 532. DESIGNATION AND REPORTING FOR HIGH-RISK COUNTERINTELLIGENCE 
              THREAT POSTS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
        ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate;
                    (B) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                Senate;
                    (C) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
                    (D) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
                    (E) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives;
                    (F) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
                of the House of Representatives;
                    (G) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (H) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives
            (2) Priority 1 counterintelligence threat nation.--The term 
        ``Priority 1 Counterintelligence Threat Nation'' means a 
        country designated as such by the October 2012 National 
        Intelligence Priorities Framework (NIPF).
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in conjunction with 
        appropriate officials in the intelligence community and the 
        Secretary of Defense, shall submit a report to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress that assesses the counterintelligence 
        threat to United States diplomatic facilities in Priority 1 
        Counterintelligence Threat Nations.
            (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) an assessment of the use of locally employed 
                staff and guard forces and a listing of diplomatic 
                facilities in Priority 1 Counterintelligence Threat 
                Nations without controlled access areas; and
                    (B) recommendations for mitigating any 
                counterintelligence threats and for any necessary 
                facility upgrades, including costs assessment of any 
                recommended mitigation or upgrades.

SEC. 533. ENHANCED QUALIFICATIONS FOR DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 
              STATE FOR HIGH THREAT, HIGH RISK POSTS.

    The Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 is 
amended by inserting after section 206 (22 U.S.C. 4824) the following 
new section:

``SEC. 207. DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR HIGH THREAT, HIGH 
              RISK POSTS.

    ``The individual serving as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for 
High Threat, High Risk Posts shall have 1 or more of the following 
qualifications:
            ``(1) Service during the last 6 years at 1 or more posts 
        designated as high threat, high risk by the Secretary of State 
        at the time of service.
            ``(2) Previous service as the office director or deputy 
        director of 1 or more of the following Department of State 
        offices or successor entities carrying out substantively 
        equivalent functions:
                    ``(A) The Office of Mobile Security Deployments.
                    ``(B) The Office of Special Programs and 
                Coordination.
                    ``(C) The Office of Overseas Protective Operations.
                    ``(D) The Office of Physical Security Programs.
                    ``(E) The Office of Intelligence and Threat 
                Analysis.
            ``(3) Previous service as the Regional Security Officer at 
        two or more overseas posts.
            ``(4) Other government or private sector experience 
        substantially equivalent to service in the positions listed in 
        paragraphs (1) through (3).''.

SEC. 534. SECURITY ENVIRONMENT THREAT LIST BRIEFINGS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and upon each subsequent update of the Security 
Environment Threat List (SETL), the Assistant Secretary of State for 
Diplomatic Security shall provide classified briefings to the 
appropriate congressional committees on the Security Environment Threat 
List.
    (b) Content.--The briefings required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) an overview of the Security Environment Threat List; 
        and
            (2) a summary assessment of the security posture of those 
        facilities where the Security Environment Threat List assesses 
        the threat environment to be most acute, including factors that 
        informed such assessment.

SEC. 535. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
              IMPLEMENTATION OF BENGHAZI ACCOUNTABILITY REVIEW BOARD 
              RECOMMENDATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit a report to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
Representatives that describes the progress of the Secretary in 
implementing the recommendations of the Benghazi Accountability Review 
Board.
    (b) Content.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) an assessment of the progress the Secretary has made in 
        implementing each specific recommendation of the Accountability 
        Review Board; and
            (2) a description of any impediments to recommended 
        reforms, such as budget constraints, bureaucratic obstacles 
        within the Department or in the broader interagency community, 
        or limitations under current law.
    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified annex.

SEC. 536. FOREIGN AFFAIRS SECURITY TRAINING CENTER.

    (a) Office of Management and Budget.--Not later than 60 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget shall provide to the appropriate congressional 
committees all documents and materials related to its consideration and 
analysis concerning the Foreign Affairs Security Training Center at 
Fort Picket, Virginia, and any alternative facilities.
    (b) Department of State.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the 
appropriate congressional committees all documents and materials 
related to the determination to construct a new Foreign Affairs 
Security Training Center at Fort Picket, Virginia, including any that 
are related to the development and adoption of all related training 
requirements, including any documents and materials related to the 
consideration and analysis of such facility performed by the Office of 
Management and Budget.

SEC. 537. LANGUAGE TRAINING.

    (a) In General.--Title IV of the Diplomatic Security Act (22 U.S.C. 
4851 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 416. LANGUAGE REQUIREMENTS FOR DIPLOMATIC SECURITY PERSONNEL 
              ASSIGNED TO HIGH THREAT, HIGH RISK POSTS.

    ``(a) In General.--Diplomatic security personnel assigned 
permanently to, or who are serving in, long-term temporary duty status 
as designated by the Secretary of State at a high threat, high risk 
post should receive language training described in subsection (b) in 
order to prepare such personnel for duty requirements at such post.
    ``(b) Language Training Described.--Language training referred to 
in subsection (a) should prepare personnel described in such 
subsection--
            ``(1) to speak the language at issue with sufficient 
        structural accuracy and vocabulary to participate effectively 
        in most formal and informal conversations on subjects germane 
        to security; and
            ``(2) to read within an adequate range of speed and with 
        almost complete comprehension on subjects germane to security.
    ``(c) Inspector General Review.--Not later than September 30, 2016, 
the Inspector General of the Department of State and Broadcasting Board 
of Governors shall--
            ``(1) review the language training conducted pursuant to 
        this section; and
            ``(2) make the results of such review available to the 
        Secretary of State and the appropriate congressional 
        committees.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents of the Omnibus 
Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-399) 
is amended by inserting after the item relating the section 415 the 
following:

``Sec. 416. Language requirements for diplomatic security personnel 
                            assigned to high threat, high risk 
                            posts.''.

                Subtitle E--Accountability Review Boards

SEC. 541. PROVISION OF COPIES OF ACCOUNTABILITY REVIEW BOARD REPORTS TO 
              CONGRESS.

    Not later than 2 days after an Accountability Review Board provides 
its report to the Secretary of State in accordance with title III of 
the Omnibus Diplomatic and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (22 U.S.C. 4831 et 
seq.), the Secretary shall provide copies of the report to the majority 
leader of the Senate, the minority leader of the Senate, the Speaker of 
the House of Representatives, the majority leader of the House of 
Representatives, and the minority leader of the House of 
Representatives, and to the appropriate congressional committees for 
retention and review by those committees.

SEC. 542. STAFFING.

    Section 302(b)(2) of the Diplomatic Security Act (22 U.S.C. 
4832(b)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``Such 
persons shall be drawn from bureaus or other agency subunits that are 
not impacted by the incident that is the subject of the Board's 
review.''.

                TITLE VI--MANAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY

SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited at the ``Improving Department of State 
Oversight Act of 2015''.

SEC. 602. COMPETITIVE HIRING STATUS FOR FORMER EMPLOYEES OF THE SPECIAL 
              INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION.

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any employee of the 
Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction who completes at 
least 12 months of service at any time prior to the date of the 
termination of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction 
(October 5, 2013), and was not terminated for cause shall acquire 
competitive status for appointment to any position in the competitive 
service for which the employee possesses the required qualifications.

SEC. 603. ASSURANCE OF INDEPENDENCE OF IT SYSTEMS.

    The Secretary, with the concurrence of the Inspector General of the 
Department of State and Broadcasting Board of Governors, shall certify 
to the appropriate congressional committees that the Department has 
made reasonable efforts to ensure the integrity and independence of the 
Office of the Inspector General Information Technology systems.

SEC. 604. PROTECTING THE INTEGRITY OF INTERNAL INVESTIGATIONS.

    Section 209(c)(5) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
3929(c)(5)) is amended by inserting at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Required reporting of allegations and 
                investigations and inspector general authority.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Each bureau, post or 
                        other office (in this subparagraph, an 
                        `entity') of the Department of State shall, 
                        within five business days, report to the 
                        Inspector General any allegations of--
                                    ``(I) waste, fraud, or abuse in a 
                                Department program or operation;
                                    ``(II) criminal or serious 
                                misconduct on the part of a Department 
                                employee at the FS-1, GS-15, GM-15 
                                level or higher;
                                    ``(III) criminal misconduct on the 
                                part of any Department employee; and
                                    ``(IV) serious, noncriminal 
                                misconduct on the part of any 
                                individual who is authorized to carry a 
                                weapon, make arrests, or conduct 
                                searches, such as conduct that, if 
                                proved, would constitute perjury or 
                                material dishonesty, warrant suspension 
                                as discipline for a first offense, or 
                                result in loss of law enforcement 
                                authority.
                            ``(ii) Inspector general authority.--The 
                        Inspector General may, pursuant to existing 
                        authority, investigate matters covered by 
                        clause (i).
                            ``(iii) Limitation on investigations 
                        outside of office of inspector general.--No 
                        entity in the Department of State with 
                        concurrent jurisdiction over matters covered by 
                        clause (i), including the Bureau of Diplomatic 
                        Security, may initiate an investigation of such 
                        matter unless it has first reported the 
                        allegations to the Inspector General as 
                        required by clause (i), except as provided in 
                        clause (v) and (vi).
                            ``(iv) Cooperation.--If an entity in the 
                        Department of State initiates an investigation 
                        of a matter covered in clause (i) the entity 
                        must, except as provided in clause (v), fully 
                        cooperate with the Inspector General, 
                        including--
                                    ``(I) by providing to the Inspector 
                                General all data and records obtained 
                                in connection with its investigation 
                                upon request of the Inspector General;
                                    ``(II) by coordinating, at the 
                                request of the Inspector General, such 
                                entity's investigation with the 
                                Inspector General; and
                                    ``(III) by providing to the 
                                Inspector General requested support in 
                                aid of the Inspector General's 
                                oversight and investigative 
                                responsibilities.
                            ``(v) Exceptions.--The Inspector General 
                        may prescribe general rules under which any 
                        requirement of clause (iii) or clause (iv) may 
                        be dispensed with.
                            ``(vi) Exigent circumstances.--Compliance 
                        with clauses (i), (iii), and (iv) of this 
                        subparagraph may be dispensed with by an entity 
                        of the Department of State if complying with 
                        them in an exigent circumstance would pose an 
                        imminent threat to human life, health or 
                        safety, or result in the irretrievable loss or 
                        destruction of critical evidence or witness 
                        testimony, in which case a report of the 
                        allegation shall be made not later than 48 
                        hours after an entity begins an investigation 
                        under the authority of this clause and 
                        cooperation required under clause (iv) shall 
                        commence not later than 48 hours after the 
                        relevant exigent circumstance has ended.
                            ``(vii) Rule of construction.--Nothing in 
                        this subparagraph may be interpreted to affect 
                        any duty or authority of the Inspector General 
                        under any provision of law, including the 
                        Inspector General's duties or authorities under 
                        the Inspector General Act.''.

SEC. 605. REPORT ON INSPECTOR GENERAL INSPECTION AND AUDITING OF 
              FOREIGN SERVICE POSTS AND BUREAUS AND OPERATING UNITS 
              DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress 
on the requirement under section 209(a)(1) of the Foreign Service Act 
of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3929(a)(1)) that the Inspector General of the 
Department of State and Broadcasting Board of Governors inspect and 
audit, at least every 5 years, the administration of activities and 
operations of each Foreign Service post and each bureau and other 
operating unit of the Department.
    (b) Consideration of Multi-Tier System.--The report required under 
subsection (a) shall assess the advisability and feasibility of 
implementing a multi-tier system for inspecting Foreign Service posts 
featuring more (or less) frequent inspections and audits of posts based 
on risk, including security risk, as may be determined by the Inspector 
General.
    (c) Composition.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include separate portions prepared by the Inspector General of the 
Department of State and Broadcasting Board of Governors, and the 
Comptroller General of the United States, respectively.

            Passed the Senate April 28, 2016.

            Attest:

                                                             Secretary.
114th CONGRESS

  2d Session

                                S. 1635

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT

  To authorize the Department of State for fiscal year 2016, and for 
                            other purposes.