Text: S.178 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Bill Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Public Law No: 114-22 (05/29/2015)

 
[114th Congress Public Law 22]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 129 STAT. 227]]

Public Law 114-22
114th Congress

                                 An Act


 
   To provide justice for the victims of trafficking. <<NOTE: May 29, 
                           2015 -  [S. 178]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Justice for 
Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 18 USC 1 note.>>  Short Title.--This Act may be cited as 
the ``Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015''.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

               TITLE I--JUSTICE FOR VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING

Sec. 101. Domestic Trafficking Victims' Fund.
Sec. 102. Clarifying the benefits and protections offered to domestic 
           victims of human trafficking.
Sec. 103. Victim-centered child human trafficking deterrence block grant 
           program.
Sec. 104. Direct services for victims of child pornography.
Sec. 105. Increasing compensation and restitution for trafficking 
           victims.
Sec. 106. Streamlining human trafficking investigations.
Sec. 107. Enhancing human trafficking reporting.
Sec. 108. Reducing demand for sex trafficking.
Sec. 109. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 110. Using existing task forces and components to target offenders 
           who exploit children.
Sec. 111. Targeting child predators.
Sec. 112. Monitoring all human traffickers as violent criminals.
Sec. 113. Crime victims' rights.
Sec. 114. Combat Human Trafficking Act.
Sec. 115. Survivors of Human Trafficking Empowerment Act.
Sec. 116. Bringing Missing Children Home Act.
Sec. 117. Grant accountability.
Sec. 118. SAVE Act.
Sec. 119. Education and outreach to trafficking survivors.
Sec. 120. Expanded statute of limitations for civil actions by child 
           trafficking survivors.
Sec. 121. GAO study and report.

                  TITLE II--COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Subtitle A--Enhancing Services for Runaway and Homeless Victims of Youth 
                               Trafficking

Sec. 201. Amendments to the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act.

 Subtitle B--Improving the Response to Victims of Child Sex Trafficking

Sec. 211. Response to victims of child sex trafficking.

  Subtitle C--Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking

Sec. 221. Victim of trafficking defined.
Sec. 222. Interagency task force report on child trafficking primary 
           prevention.
Sec. 223. GAO Report on intervention.
Sec. 224. Provision of housing permitted to protect and assist in the 
           recovery of victims of trafficking.

[[Page 129 STAT. 228]]

                      Subtitle D--Expanded Training

Sec. 231. Expanded training relating to trafficking in persons.

                           TITLE III--HERO ACT

Sec. 301. Short title.
Sec. 302. HERO Act.
Sec. 303. Transportation for illegal sexual activity and related crimes.

                  TITLE IV--RAPE SURVIVOR CHILD CUSTODY

Sec. 401. Short title.
Sec. 402. Definitions.
Sec. 403. Findings.
Sec. 404. Increased funding for formula grants authorized.
Sec. 405. Application.
Sec. 406. Grant increase.
Sec. 407. Period of increase.
Sec. 408. Allocation of increased formula grant funds.
Sec. 409. Authorization of appropriations.

                TITLE V--MILITARY SEX OFFENDER REPORTING

Sec. 501. Short title.
Sec. 502. Registration of sex offenders released from military 
           corrections facilities or upon conviction.

           TITLE VI--STOPPING EXPLOITATION THROUGH TRAFFICKING

Sec. 601. Safe Harbor Incentives.
Sec. 602. Report on restitution paid in connection with certain 
           trafficking offenses.
Sec. 603. National human trafficking hotline.
Sec. 604. Job corps eligibility.
Sec. 605. Clarification of authority of the United States Marshals 
           Service.
Sec. 606. Establishing a national strategy to combat human trafficking.

        TITLE VII--TRAFFICKING AWARENESS TRAINING FOR HEALTH CARE

Sec. 701. Short title.
Sec. 702. Development of best practices.
Sec. 703. Definitions.
Sec. 704. No additional authorization of appropriations.

    TITLE VIII--BETTER RESPONSE FOR VICTIMS OF CHILD SEX TRAFFICKING

Sec. 801. Short title.
Sec. 802. CAPTA amendments.

TITLE IX--ANTI-TRAFFICKING TRAINING FOR DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY 
                                PERSONNEL

Sec. 901. Definitions.
Sec. 902. Training for Department personnel to identify human 
           trafficking.
Sec. 903. Certification and report to Congress.
Sec. 904. Assistance to non-Federal entities.
Sec. 905. Expanded use of Domestic Trafficking Victims' Fund.

     TITLE X--HUMAN TRAFFICKING SURVIVORS RELIEF AND EMPOWERMENT ACT

Sec. 1001. Short title.
Sec. 1002. Protections for human trafficking survivors.

               TITLE I--JUSTICE FOR VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING

SEC. 101. DOMESTIC TRAFFICKING VICTIMS' FUND.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 201 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 3014. <<NOTE: 18 USC 3014.>>  Additional special assessment

    ``(a) In General.-- <<NOTE: Time period.>> Beginning on the date of 
enactment of the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015 and 
ending on September 30, 2019, in addition to the assessment imposed 
under

[[Page 129 STAT. 229]]

section 3013, the court shall assess an amount of $5,000 on any non-
indigent person or entity convicted of an offense under--
            ``(1) chapter 77 (relating to peonage, slavery, and 
        trafficking in persons);
            ``(2) chapter 109A (relating to sexual abuse);
            ``(3) chapter 110 (relating to sexual exploitation and other 
        abuse of children);
            ``(4) chapter 117 (relating to transportation for illegal 
        sexual activity and related crimes); or
            ``(5) section 274 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 
        U.S.C. 1324) (relating to human smuggling), unless the person 
        induced, assisted, abetted, or aided only an individual who at 
        the time of such action was the alien's spouse, parent, son, or 
        daughter (and no other individual) to enter the United States in 
        violation of law.

    ``(b) Satisfaction of Other Court-Ordered Obligations.--An 
assessment under subsection (a) shall not be payable until the person 
subject to the assessment has satisfied all outstanding court-ordered 
fines, orders of restitution, and any other obligation related to 
victim-compensation arising from the criminal convictions on which the 
special assessment is based.
    ``(c) Establishment of Domestic Trafficking Victims' Fund.--There is 
established in the Treasury of the United States a fund, to be known as 
the `Domestic Trafficking Victims' Fund' (referred to in this section as 
the `Fund'), to be administered by the Attorney General, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services.
    ``(d) Transfers.--In a manner consistent with section 3302(b) of 
title 31, there shall be transferred to the Fund from the General Fund 
of the Treasury an amount equal to the amount of the assessments 
collected under this section, which shall remain available until 
expended.
    ``(e) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.-- <<NOTE: Coordination. Grants.>> From 
        amounts in the Fund, in addition to any other amounts available, 
        and without further appropriation, the Attorney General, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of Health and Human Services 
        shall, for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2019, use amounts 
        available in the Fund to award grants or enhance victims' 
        programming under--
                    ``(A) section 204 of the Trafficking Victims 
                Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
                14044c);
                    ``(B) subsections (b)(2) and (f) of section 107 of 
                the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 
                U.S.C. 7105); and
                    ``(C) section 214(b) of the Victims of Child Abuse 
                Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13002(b)).
            ``(2) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (h)(2), 
        none of the amounts in the Fund may be used to provide health 
        care or medical items or services.

    ``(f) Collection Method.--The amount assessed under subsection (a) 
shall, subject to subsection (b), be collected in the manner that fines 
are collected in criminal cases.
    ``(g) Duration of Obligation.--Subject to section 3613(b), the 
obligation to pay an assessment imposed on or after the date of 
enactment of the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015 shall 
not cease until the assessment is paid in full.
    ``(h) Health or Medical Services.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 230]]

            ``(1) Transfer of funds.--From amounts appropriated under 
        section 10503(b)(1)(E) of the Patient Protection and Affordable 
        Care Act (42 U.S.C. 254b-2(b)(1)(E)), as amended by section 221 
        of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015, 
        there shall be transferred to the Fund an amount equal to the 
        amount transferred under subsection (d) for each fiscal year, 
        except that the amount transferred under this paragraph shall 
        not be less than $5,000,000 or more than $30,000,000 in each 
        such fiscal year, and such amounts shall remain available until 
        expended.
            ``(2) Use of funds.-- <<NOTE: Coordination. Grants.>> The 
        Attorney General, in coordination with the Secretary of Health 
        and Human Services, shall use amounts transferred to the Fund 
        under paragraph (1) to award grants that may be used for the 
        provision of health care or medical items or services to victims 
        of trafficking under--
                    ``(A) sections 202, 203, and 204 of the Trafficking 
                Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 (42 
                U.S.C. 14044a, 14044b, and 14044c);
                    ``(B) subsections (b)(2) and (f) of section 107 of 
                the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 
                U.S.C. 7105); and
                    ``(C) section 214(b) of the Victims of Child Abuse 
                Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13002(b)).
            ``(3) Grants.-- <<NOTE: Children and 
        youth. Pornography.>> Of the amounts in the Fund used under 
        paragraph (1), not less than $2,000,000, if such amounts are 
        available in the Fund during the relevant fiscal year, shall be 
        used for grants to provide services for child pornography 
        victims under section 214(b) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act 
        of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13002(b)).
            ``(4) Application of provision.--The application of the 
        provisions of section 221(c) of the Medicare Access and CHIP 
        Reauthorization Act of 2015 shall continue to apply to the 
        amounts transferred pursuant to paragraph (1).''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for 
chapter 201 of title 18, United States Code, <<NOTE: 18 USC prec. 
3001.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 3013 
the following:

``3014. Additional special assessment.''.

SEC. 102. CLARIFYING THE BENEFITS AND PROTECTIONS OFFERED TO 
                        DOMESTIC VICTIMS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING.

    Section 107(b)(1) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 
(22 U.S.C. 7105(b)(1)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (F) and (G) as 
        subparagraphs (G) and (H), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:
                    ``(F) No requirement of official certification for 
                united states citizens and lawful permanent residents.--
                Nothing in this section may be construed to require 
                United States citizens or lawful permanent residents who 
                are victims of severe forms of trafficking to obtain an 
                official certification from the Secretary of Health and 
                Human Services in order to access any of the specialized 
                services described in this subsection or any other 
                Federal benefits and protections to which they are 
                otherwise entitled.''; and
            (3) in subparagraph (H), as redesignated, by striking 
        ``subparagraph (F)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (G)''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 231]]

SEC. 103. VICTIM-CENTERED CHILD HUMAN TRAFFICKING DETERRENCE BLOCK 
                        GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 203 of the Trafficking Victims Protection 
Reauthorization Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 14044b) is amended to read as 
follows:
``SEC. 203. VICTIM-CENTERED CHILD HUMAN TRAFFICKING DETERRENCE 
                        BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--The Attorney General may award block 
grants to an eligible entity to develop, improve, or expand domestic 
child human trafficking deterrence programs that assist law enforcement 
officers, prosecutors, judicial officials, and qualified victims' 
services organizations in collaborating to rescue and restore the lives 
of victims, while investigating and prosecuting offenses involving child 
human trafficking.
    ``(b) Authorized Activities.--Grants awarded under subsection (a) 
may be used for--
            ``(1) the establishment or enhancement of specialized 
        training programs for law enforcement officers, first 
        responders, health care officials, child welfare officials, 
        juvenile justice personnel, prosecutors, and judicial personnel 
        to--
                    ``(A) identify victims and acts of child human 
                trafficking;
                    ``(B) address the unique needs of child victims of 
                human trafficking;
                    ``(C) facilitate the rescue of child victims of 
                human trafficking;
                    ``(D) investigate and prosecute acts of human 
                trafficking, including the soliciting, patronizing, or 
                purchasing of commercial sex acts from children, as well 
                as training to build cases against complex criminal 
                networks involved in child human trafficking; and
                    ``(E) utilize, implement, and provide education on 
                safe harbor laws enacted by States, aimed at preventing 
                the criminalization and prosecution of child sex 
                trafficking victims for prostitution offenses, and other 
                laws aimed at the investigation and prosecution of child 
                human trafficking;
            ``(2) the establishment or enhancement of dedicated anti-
        trafficking law enforcement units and task forces to investigate 
        child human trafficking offenses and to rescue victims, 
        including--
                    ``(A) funding salaries, in whole or in part, for law 
                enforcement officers, including patrol officers, 
                detectives, and investigators, except that the 
                percentage of the salary of the law enforcement officer 
                paid for by funds from a grant awarded under this 
                section shall not be more than the percentage of the 
                officer's time on duty that is dedicated to working on 
                cases involving child human trafficking;
                    ``(B) investigation expenses for cases involving 
                child human trafficking, including--
                          ``(i) wire taps;
                          ``(ii) consultants with expertise specific to 
                      cases involving child human trafficking;
                          ``(iii) travel; and
                          ``(iv) other technical assistance 
                      expenditures;

[[Page 129 STAT. 232]]

                    ``(C) dedicated anti-trafficking prosecution units, 
                including the funding of salaries for State and local 
                prosecutors, including assisting in paying trial 
                expenses for prosecution of child human trafficking 
                offenders, except that the percentage of the total 
                salary of a State or local prosecutor that is paid using 
                an award under this section shall be not more than the 
                percentage of the total number of hours worked by the 
                prosecutor that is spent working on cases involving 
                child human trafficking;
                    ``(D) the establishment of child human trafficking 
                victim witness safety, assistance, and relocation 
                programs that encourage cooperation with law enforcement 
                investigations of crimes of child human trafficking by 
                leveraging existing resources and delivering child human 
                trafficking victims' services through coordination 
                with--
                          ``(i) child advocacy centers;
                          ``(ii) social service agencies;
                          ``(iii) State governmental health service 
                      agencies;
                          ``(iv) housing agencies;
                          ``(v) legal services agencies; and
                          ``(vi) nongovernmental organizations and 
                      shelter service providers with substantial 
                      experience in delivering wrap-around services to 
                      victims of child human trafficking; and
                    ``(E) the establishment or enhancement of other 
                necessary victim assistance programs or personnel, such 
                as victim or child advocates, child-protective services, 
                child forensic interviews, or other necessary service 
                providers;
            ``(3) activities of law enforcement agencies to find 
        homeless and runaway youth, including salaries and associated 
        expenses for retired Federal law enforcement officers assisting 
        the law enforcement agencies in finding homeless and runaway 
        youth; and
            ``(4) the establishment or enhancement of problem solving 
        court programs for trafficking victims that include--
                    ``(A) mandatory and regular training requirements 
                for judicial officials involved in the administration or 
                operation of the court program described under this 
                paragraph;
                    ``(B) continuing judicial supervision of victims of 
                child human trafficking, including case worker or child 
                welfare supervision in collaboration with judicial 
                officers, who have been identified by a law enforcement 
                or judicial officer as a potential victim of child human 
                trafficking, regardless of whether the victim has been 
                charged with a crime related to human trafficking;
                    ``(C) the development of a specialized and 
                individualized, court-ordered treatment program for 
                identified victims of child human trafficking, 
                including--
                          ``(i) State-administered outpatient treatment;
                          ``(ii) life skills training;
                          ``(iii) housing placement;
                          ``(iv) vocational training;
                          ``(v) education;
                          ``(vi) family support services; and
                          ``(vii) job placement;
                    ``(D) centralized case management involving the 
                consolidation of all of each child human trafficking 
                victim's

[[Page 129 STAT. 233]]

                cases and offenses, and the coordination of all 
                trafficking victim treatment programs and social 
                services;
                    ``(E) regular and mandatory court appearances by the 
                victim during the duration of the treatment program for 
                purposes of ensuring compliance and effectiveness;
                    ``(F) the ultimate dismissal of relevant non-violent 
                criminal charges against the victim, where such victim 
                successfully complies with the terms of the court-
                ordered treatment program; and
                    ``(G) collaborative efforts with child advocacy 
                centers, child welfare agencies, shelters, and 
                nongovernmental organizations with substantial 
                experience in delivering wrap-around services to victims 
                of child human trafficking to provide services to 
                victims and encourage cooperation with law enforcement.

    ``(c) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity shall submit an 
        application to the Attorney General for a grant under this 
        section in such form and manner as the Attorney General may 
        require.
            ``(2) Required information.--An application submitted under 
        this subsection shall--
                    ``(A) describe the activities for which assistance 
                under this section is sought;
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  include a detailed plan for 
                the use of funds awarded under the grant;
                    ``(C) provide such additional information and 
                assurances as the Attorney General determines to be 
                necessary to ensure compliance with the requirements of 
                this section; and
                    ``(D) disclose--
                          ``(i) any other grant funding from the 
                      Department of Justice or from any other Federal 
                      department or agency for purposes similar to those 
                      described in subsection (b) for which the eligible 
                      entity has applied, and which application is 
                      pending on the date of the submission of an 
                      application under this section; and
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  any other such 
                      grant funding that the eligible entity has 
                      received during the 5-year period ending on the 
                      date of the submission of an application under 
                      this section.
            ``(3) Preference.--In reviewing applications submitted in 
        accordance with paragraphs (1) and (2), the Attorney General 
        shall give preference to grant applications if--
                    ``(A) the application includes a plan to use awarded 
                funds to engage in all activities described under 
                paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b); or
                    ``(B) the application includes a plan by the State 
                or unit of local government to continue funding of all 
                activities funded by the award after the expiration of 
                the award.
            ``(4) Eligible entities soliciting data on child human 
        trafficking.--No eligible entity shall be disadvantaged in being 
        awarded a grant under subsection (a) on the grounds that the 
        eligible entity has only recently begun soliciting data on child 
        human trafficking.

    ``(d) Duration and Renewal of Award.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 234]]

            ``(1) In general.-- <<NOTE: Expiration date.>> A grant under 
        this section shall expire 3 years after the date of award of the 
        grant.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Renewal.--A grant under this 
        section shall be renewable not more than 2 times and for a 
        period of not greater than 2 years.

    ``(e) Evaluation <<NOTE: Contracts.>> .--The Attorney General 
shall--
            ``(1) enter into a contract with a nongovernmental 
        organization, including an academic or nonprofit organization, 
        that has experience with issues related to child human 
        trafficking and evaluation of grant programs to conduct periodic 
        evaluations of grants made under this section to determine the 
        impact and effectiveness of programs funded with grants awarded 
        under this section;
            ``(2) instruct the Inspector General of the Department of 
        Justice to review evaluations issued under paragraph (1) to 
        determine the methodological and statistical validity of the 
        evaluations; and
            ``(3) submit the results of any evaluation conducted 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) to--
                    ``(A) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate; 
                and
                    ``(B) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
                Representatives.

    ``(f) Mandatory Exclusion.-- <<NOTE: Time period.>> An eligible 
entity awarded funds under this section that is found to have used grant 
funds for any unauthorized expenditure or otherwise unallowable cost 
shall not be eligible for any grant funds awarded under the block grant 
for 2 fiscal years following the year in which the unauthorized 
expenditure or unallowable cost is reported.

    ``(g) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Compliance Requirement.--An eligible 
entity shall not be eligible to receive a grant under this section if 
within the 5 fiscal years before submitting an application for a grant 
under this section, the grantee has been found to have violated the 
terms or conditions of a Government grant program by utilizing grant 
funds for unauthorized expenditures or otherwise unallowable costs.

    ``(h) Administrative Cap.--The cost of administering the grants 
authorized by this section shall not exceed 5 percent of the total 
amount expended to carry out this section.
    ``(i) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a program 
funded by a grant awarded under this section shall be--
            ``(1) 70 percent in the first year;
            ``(2) 60 percent in the second year; and
            ``(3) 50 percent in the third year, and in all subsequent 
        years.

    ``(j) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Authorization of Funding; Fully 
Offset.--For purposes of carrying out this section, the Attorney 
General, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services, is authorized to award not more than $7,000,000 of the funds 
available in the Domestic Trafficking Victims' Fund, established under 
section 3014 of title 18, United States Code, for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2020.

    ``(k) Definitions.--In this section--
            ``(1) the term `child' means a person under the age of 18;
            ``(2) the term `child advocacy center' means a center 
        created under subtitle A of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 
        1990 (42 U.S.C. 13001 et seq.);

[[Page 129 STAT. 235]]

            ``(3) the term `child human trafficking' means 1 or more 
        severe forms of trafficking in persons (as defined in section 
        103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 
        7102)) involving a victim who is a child; and
            ``(4) the term `eligible entity' means a State or unit of 
        local government that--
                    ``(A) has significant criminal activity involving 
                child human trafficking;
                    ``(B) has demonstrated cooperation between Federal, 
                State, local, and, where applicable, tribal law 
                enforcement agencies, prosecutors, and social service 
                providers in addressing child human trafficking;
                    ``(C) has developed a workable, multi-disciplinary 
                plan to combat child human trafficking, including--
                          ``(i) the establishment of a shelter for 
                      victims of child human trafficking, through 
                      existing or new facilities;
                          ``(ii) the provision of trauma-informed, 
                      gender-responsive rehabilitative care to victims 
                      of child human trafficking;
                          ``(iii) the provision of specialized training 
                      for law enforcement officers and social service 
                      providers for all forms of human trafficking, with 
                      a focus on domestic child human trafficking;
                          ``(iv) prevention, deterrence, and prosecution 
                      of offenses involving child human trafficking, 
                      including soliciting, patronizing, or purchasing 
                      human acts with children;
                          ``(v) cooperation or referral agreements with 
                      organizations providing outreach or other related 
                      services to runaway and homeless youth;
                          ``(vi) law enforcement protocols or procedures 
                      to screen all individuals arrested for 
                      prostitution, whether adult or child, for 
                      victimization by sex trafficking and by other 
                      crimes, such as sexual assault and domestic 
                      violence; and
                          ``(vii) cooperation or referral agreements 
                      with State child welfare agencies and child 
                      advocacy centers; and
                    ``(D) provides an assurance that, under the plan 
                under subparagraph (C), a victim of child human 
                trafficking shall not be required to collaborate with 
                law enforcement officers to have access to any shelter 
                or services provided with a grant under this section.

    ``(l) Grant Accountability; Specialized Victims' Service 
Requirement.--No grant funds under this section may be awarded or 
transferred to any entity unless such entity has demonstrated 
substantial experience providing services to victims of human 
trafficking or related populations (such as runaway and homeless youth), 
or employs staff specialized in the treatment of human trafficking 
victims.''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents in section 1(b) of the 
Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005

[[Page 129 STAT. 236]]

(22 U.S.C. 7101 note) is amended by striking the item relating to 
section 203 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 203. Victim-centered child human trafficking deterrence block 
           grant program.''.

SEC. 104. DIRECT SERVICES FOR VICTIMS OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY.

    The Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13001 et seq.) is 
amended--
            (1) in section 212(5) (42 U.S.C. 13001a(5)), by inserting 
        ``, including human trafficking and the production of child 
        pornography'' before the semicolon at the end; and
            (2) in section 214 (42 U.S.C. 13002)--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) 
                as subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:

    ``(b) Direct Services for Victims of Child Pornography.--
The <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Administrator, in coordination with the 
Director and with the Director of the Office of Victims of Crime, may 
make grants to develop and implement specialized programs to identify 
and provide direct services to victims of child pornography.''.
SEC. 105. INCREASING COMPENSATION AND RESTITUTION FOR TRAFFICKING 
                        VICTIMS.

    (a) Amendments to Title 18.--Section 1594 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``that was used or'' and 
                      inserting ``that was involved in, used, or''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, and any property 
                      traceable to such property'' after ``such 
                      violation''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``, or any 
                property traceable to such property'' after ``such 
                violation'';
            (2) in subsection (e)(1)(A)--
                    (A) by striking ``used or'' and inserting ``involved 
                in, used, or''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``, and any property traceable to 
                such property'' after ``any violation of this chapter'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (e) the following:

    ``(f) Transfer of Forfeited Assets.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the Attorney General shall transfer assets forfeited 
        pursuant to this section, or the proceeds derived from the sale 
        thereof, to satisfy victim restitution orders arising from 
        violations of this chapter.
            ``(2) Priority.--Transfers pursuant to paragraph (1) shall 
        have priority over any other claims to the assets or their 
        proceeds.
            ``(3) Use of nonforfeited assets.--Transfers pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall not reduce or otherwise mitigate the 
        obligation of a person convicted of a violation of this chapter 
        to satisfy the full amount of a restitution order through the 
        use of non-forfeited assets or to reimburse the Attorney General 
        for the value of assets or proceeds transferred under this 
        subsection through the use of nonforfeited assets.''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 237]]

    (b) Amendment to Title 28.--Section 524(c)(1)(B) of title 28, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``chapter 77 of title 18,'' after 
``criminal drug laws of the United States or of''.
    (c) Amendments to Title 31.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 97 of title 31, United States Code, 
        is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating section 9703 (as added by 
                section 638(b)(1) of the Treasury, Postal Service, and 
                General Government Appropriations Act, 1993 (Public Law 
                102-393; 106 Stat. 1779)) as section 9705; and
                    (B) in section 9705(a), as redesignated--
                          (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (I)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``payment'' 
                                        and inserting ``Payment''; and
                                            (bb) by striking the 
                                        semicolon at the end and 
                                        inserting a period; and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (J), by 
                                striking ``payment'' and inserting 
                                ``Payment''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (B)--
                                            (aa) in clause (iii)--
                                                (AA) in subclause (I), 
                                            by striking ``or'' and 
                                            inserting ``of''; and
                                                (BB) in subclause (III), 
                                            by striking ``and'' at the 
                                            end;
                                            (bb) in clause (iv), by 
                                        striking the period at the end 
                                        and inserting ``; and''; and
                                            (cc) by inserting after 
                                        clause (iv) the following:
                          ``(v) United States Immigration and Customs 
                      Enforcement with respect to a violation of chapter 
                      77 of title 18 (relating to human trafficking);'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (G), by adding 
                                ``and'' at the end; and
                                    (III) in subparagraph (H), by 
                                striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                                period.
            (2) Technical and conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Cross references.--
                          (i) Title 28.--Section 524(c) of title 28, 
                      United States Code, is amended--
                                    (I) in paragraph (4)(C), by striking 
                                ``section 9703(g)(4)(A)(ii)'' and 
                                inserting ``section 9705(g)(4)(A)'';
                                    (II) in paragraph (10), by striking 
                                ``section 9703(p)'' and inserting 
                                ``section 9705(o)''; and
                                    (III) in paragraph (11), by striking 
                                ``section 9703'' and inserting ``section 
                                9705''.
                          (ii)  Title 31.--Title 31, United States Code, 
                      is amended--
                                    (I) in section 312(d), by striking 
                                ``section 9703'' and inserting ``section 
                                9705''; and
                                    (II) in section 5340(1), by striking 
                                ``section 9703(p)(1)'' and inserting 
                                ``section 9705(o)''.
                          (iii) Title 39.--Section 2003(e)(1) of title 
                      39, United States Code, is amended by striking 
                      ``section 9703(p)'' and inserting ``section 
                      9705(o)''.

[[Page 129 STAT. 238]]

                    (B) Table of sections.--The table of sections for 
                chapter 97 of title 31, United States Code, <<NOTE: 31 
                USC prec. 9701.>>  is amended to read as follows:

``9701. Fees and charges for Government services and things of value.
``9702. Investment of trust funds.
``9703. Managerial accountability and flexibility.
``9704. Pilot projects for managerial accountability and flexibility.
``9705. Department of the Treasury Forfeiture Fund.''.

SEC. 106. STREAMLINING HUMAN TRAFFICKING INVESTIGATIONS.

    Section 2516 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (a), by inserting a comma after 
                ``weapons)'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (c)--
                          (i) by inserting ``section 1581 (peonage), 
                      section 1584 (involuntary servitude), section 1589 
                      (forced labor), section 1590 (trafficking with 
                      respect to peonage, slavery, involuntary 
                      servitude, or forced labor),'' before ``section 
                      1591'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``section 1592 (unlawful 
                      conduct with respect to documents in furtherance 
                      of trafficking, peonage, slavery, involuntary 
                      servitude, or forced labor),'' before ``section 
                      1751'';
                          (iii) by inserting a comma after ``virus)'';
                          (iv) by striking ``,, section'' and inserting 
                      a comma;
                          (v) by striking ``or'' after ``misuse of 
                      passports),''; and
                          (vi) by inserting ``or'' before ``section 
                      555'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (j), by striking ``pipeline,)'' 
                and inserting ``pipeline),''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (p), by striking ``documents, 
                section 1028A (relating to aggravated identity theft))'' 
                and inserting ``documents), section 1028A (relating to 
                aggravated identity theft)''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``human trafficking, 
        child sexual exploitation, child pornography production,'' after 
        ``kidnapping''.
SEC. 107. ENHANCING HUMAN TRAFFICKING REPORTING.

    Section 505 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets 
Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3755) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(i) Part 1 Violent Crimes To Include Human Trafficking.--For 
purposes of this section, the term `part 1 violent crimes' shall include 
severe forms of trafficking in persons (as defined in section 103 of the 
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102)).''.
SEC. 108. REDUCING DEMAND FOR SEX TRAFFICKING.

    (a) In General.--Section 1591 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``or maintains'' and 
        inserting ``maintains, patronizes, or solicits'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or obtained'' 
                and inserting ``obtained, patronized, or solicited''; 
                and

[[Page 129 STAT. 239]]

                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or obtained'' 
                and inserting ``obtained, patronized, or solicited''; 
                and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``or maintained'' and inserting ``, 
                maintained, patronized, or solicited''; and
                    (B) by striking ``knew that the person'' and 
                inserting ``knew, or recklessly disregarded the fact, 
                that the person''.

    (b) Definition Amended.--Section 103(10) of the Trafficking Victims 
Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102(10)) is amended by striking ``or 
obtaining'' and inserting ``obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 18 USC 1591 note.>>  Purpose.--The purpose of the 
amendments made by this section is to clarify the range of conduct 
punished as sex trafficking.
SEC. 109. <<NOTE: 18 USC 1591 note.>>  SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) section 1591 of title 18, United States Code, defines a 
        sex trafficker as a person who ``knowingly. . .recruits, 
        entices, harbors, transports, provides, obtains, or maintains by 
        any means a person. . .knowing, or in reckless disregard of the 
        fact, that means of force, threats of force, fraud, coercion. . 
        .or any combination of such means will be used to cause the 
        person to engage in a commercial sex act, or that the person has 
        not attained the age of 18 years and will be caused to engage in 
        a commercial sex act'';
            (2) while use of the word ``obtains'' in section 1591, 
        United States Code, has been interpreted, prior to the date of 
        enactment of this Act, to encompass those who purchase illicit 
        sexual acts from trafficking victims, some confusion persists;
            (3) in United States vs. Jungers, 702 F.3d 1066 (8th Cir. 
        2013), the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit 
        ruled that section 1591 of title 18, United States Code, applied 
        to persons who purchase illicit sexual acts with trafficking 
        victims after the United States District Court for the District 
        of South Dakota erroneously granted motions to acquit these 
        buyers in two separate cases; and
            (4) section 108 of this title amends section 1591 of title 
        18, United States Code, to add the words ``solicits or 
        patronizes'' to the sex trafficking statute making absolutely 
        clear for judges, juries, prosecutors, and law enforcement 
        officials that criminals who purchase sexual acts from human 
        trafficking victims may be arrested, prosecuted, and convicted 
        as sex trafficking offenders when this is merited by the facts 
        of a particular case.
SEC. 110. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14044g note.>>  USING EXISTING TASK 
                        FORCES AND COMPONENTS TO TARGET OFFENDERS 
                        WHO EXPLOIT CHILDREN.

    Not <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall ensure that--
            (1) all task forces and working groups within the Innocence 
        Lost National Initiative engage in activities, programs, or 
        operations to increase the investigative capabilities of State 
        and local law enforcement officers in the detection, 
        investigation, and prosecution of persons who patronize, or 
        solicit children for sex; and
            (2) all components and task forces with jurisdiction to 
        detect, investigate, and prosecute cases of child labor 
        trafficking engage in activities, programs, or operations to 
        increase the

[[Page 129 STAT. 240]]

        capacity of such components to deter and punish child labor 
        trafficking.
SEC. 111. TARGETING CHILD PREDATORS.

    (a) Clarifying That Child Pornography Producers Are Human 
Traffickers.--Section 2423(f) of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``means (1) a'' and inserting the following: 
        ``means--
            ``(1) a'';
            (2) by striking ``United States; or (2) any'' and inserting 
        the following: ``United States;
            ``(2) any''; and
            (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting the 
        following: ``; or
            ``(3) production of child pornography (as defined in section 
        2256(8)).''.

    (b) Holding Sex Traffickers Accountable.--Section 2423(g) of title 
18, United States Code, is amended by striking ``a preponderance of the 
evidence'' and inserting ``clear and convincing evidence''.
SEC. 112. MONITORING ALL HUMAN TRAFFICKERS AS VIOLENT CRIMINALS.

    Section 3156(a)(4)(C) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``77,'' after ``chapter''.
SEC. 113. CRIME VICTIMS' RIGHTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 3771 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(9) The right to be informed in a timely manner of any 
        plea bargain or deferred prosecution agreement.
            ``(10) The right to be informed of the rights under this 
        section and the services described in section 503(c) of the 
        Victims' Rights and Restitution Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 10607(c)) 
        and provided contact information for the Office of the Victims' 
        Rights Ombudsman of the Department of Justice.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(3), in the fifth sentence, by 
        inserting ``, unless the litigants, with the approval of the 
        court, have stipulated to a different time period for 
        consideration'' before the period; and
            (3) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking ``this chapter, the term'' and 
                inserting the following: ``this chapter:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Court of appeals.--The term 
        `court of appeals' means--
                    ``(A) the United States court of appeals for the 
                judicial district in which a defendant is being 
                prosecuted; or
                    ``(B) for a prosecution in the Superior Court of the 
                District of Columbia, the District of Columbia Court of 
                Appeals.
            ``(2) Crime victim.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term'';
                    (B) by striking ``In the case'' and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(B) Minors and certain other victims.--In the 
                case''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 241]]

            ``(3) District court; court.--The terms `district court' and 
        `court' include the Superior Court of the District of 
        Columbia.''.

    (b) Crime Victims Fund.--Section 1402(d)(3)(A)(i) of the Victims of 
Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10601(d)(3)(A)(i)) is amended by inserting 
``section'' before ``3771''.
    (c) Appellate Review of Petitions Relating to Crime Victims' 
Rights.--
            (1) In general.--Section 3771(d)(3) of title 18, United 
        States Code, as amended by subsection (a)(2) of this section, is 
        amended by inserting after the fifth sentence the following: 
        ``In <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  deciding such application, the 
        court of appeals shall apply ordinary standards of appellate 
        review.''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 18 USC 3771 note.>>  Application.--The amendment 
        made by paragraph (1) shall apply with respect to any petition 
        for a writ of mandamus filed under section 3771(d)(3) of title 
        18, United States Code, that is pending on the date of enactment 
        of this Act.
SEC. 114. <<NOTE: Combat Human Trafficking Act of 2015. 42 USC 
                        14044g.>>  COMBAT HUMAN TRAFFICKING ACT.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Combat Human 
Trafficking Act of 2015''.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Commercial sex act; severe forms of trafficking in 
        persons; state; task force.--The terms ``commercial sex act'', 
        ``severe forms of trafficking in persons'', ``State'', and 
        ``Task Force'' have the meanings given those terms in section 
        103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 
        7102).
            (2) Covered offender.--The term ``covered offender'' means 
        an individual who obtains, patronizes, or solicits a commercial 
        sex act involving a person subject to severe forms of 
        trafficking in persons.
            (3) Covered offense.--The term ``covered offense'' means the 
        provision, obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a commercial 
        sex act involving a person subject to severe forms of 
        trafficking in persons.
            (4) Federal law enforcement officer.--The term ``Federal law 
        enforcement officer'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        115 of title 18, United States Code.
            (5) Local law enforcement officer.--The term ``local law 
        enforcement officer'' means any officer, agent, or employee of a 
        unit of local government authorized by law or by a local 
        government agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, 
        detection, investigation, or prosecution of any violation of 
        criminal law.
            (6) State law enforcement officer.--The term ``State law 
        enforcement officer'' means any officer, agent, or employee of a 
        State authorized by law or by a State government agency to 
        engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, 
        or prosecution of any violation of criminal law.

    (c) Department of Justice Training and Policy for Law Enforcement 
Officers, Prosecutors, and Judges.--
            (1) Training.--
                    (A) Law enforcement officers.--The Attorney General 
                shall ensure that each anti-human trafficking program 
                operated by the Department of Justice, including each 
                anti-human trafficking training program for Federal, 
                State, or

[[Page 129 STAT. 242]]

                local law enforcement officers, includes technical 
                training on--
                          (i) effective methods for investigating and 
                      prosecuting covered offenders; and
                          (ii) facilitating the provision of physical 
                      and mental health services by health care 
                      providers to persons subject to severe forms of 
                      trafficking in persons.
                    (B) Federal prosecutors.--The Attorney General shall 
                ensure that each anti-human trafficking program operated 
                by the Department of Justice for United States attorneys 
                or other Federal prosecutors includes training on 
                seeking restitution for offenses under chapter 77 of 
                title 18, United States Code, to ensure that each United 
                States attorney or other Federal prosecutor, upon 
                obtaining a conviction for such an offense, requests a 
                specific amount of restitution for each victim of the 
                offense without regard to whether the victim requests 
                restitution.
                    (C) Judges.--The Federal Judicial Center shall 
                provide training to judges relating to the application 
                of section 1593 of title 18, United States Code, with 
                respect to ordering restitution for victims of offenses 
                under chapter 77 of such title.
            (2) Policy for federal law enforcement officers.--The 
        Attorney General shall ensure that Federal law enforcement 
        officers are engaged in activities, programs, or operations 
        involving the detection, investigation, and prosecution of 
        covered offenders.

    (d) Minimum Period of Supervised Release for Conspiracy To Commit 
Commercial Child Sex Trafficking.--Section 3583(k) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``1594(c),'' after ``1591,''.
    (e) Bureau of Justice Statistics Report on State Enforcement of 
Human Trafficking Prohibitions.--The Director of the Bureau of Justice 
Statistics shall--
            (1) prepare an annual report on--
                    (A) the rates of--
                          (i) arrest of individuals by State law 
                      enforcement officers for a covered offense;
                          (ii) prosecution (including specific charges) 
                      of individuals in State court systems for a 
                      covered offense; and
                          (iii) conviction of individuals in State court 
                      systems for a covered offense; and
                    (B) sentences imposed on individuals convicted in 
                State court systems for a covered offense; and
            (2) submit the annual report prepared under paragraph (1) 
        to--
                    (A) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
                Representatives;
                    (B) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
                    (C) the Task Force;
                    (D) the Senior Policy Operating Group established 
                under section 105(g) of the Trafficking Victims 
                Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7103(g)); and
                    (E) the Attorney General.

[[Page 129 STAT. 243]]

SEC. 115. <<NOTE: Survivors of Human Trafficking Empowerment 
                        Act.>>  SURVIVORS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING 
                        EMPOWERMENT ACT.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Survivors of 
Human Trafficking Empowerment Act''.
    (b) Establishment.--There is established the United States Advisory 
Council on Human Trafficking (referred to in this section as the 
``Council''), which shall provide advice and recommendations to the 
Senior Policy Operating Group established under section 105(g) of the 
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7103(g)) (referred 
to in this section as the ``Group'') and the President's Interagency 
Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking established under section 
105(a) of such Act (referred to in this section as the ``Task Force'').
    (c) Membership.--
            (1) Composition.--The Council shall be composed of not less 
        than 8 and not more than 14 individuals who are survivors of 
        human trafficking.
            (2) Representation of survivors.--To the extent practicable, 
        members of the Council shall be survivors of trafficking, who 
        shall accurately reflect the diverse backgrounds of survivors of 
        trafficking, including--
                    (A) survivors of sex trafficking and survivors of 
                labor trafficking; and
                    (B) survivors who are United States citizens and 
                survivors who are aliens lawfully present in the United 
                States.
            (3) Appointment.-- <<NOTE: Deadline. President.>> Not later 
        than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        President shall appoint the members of the Council.
            (4) Term; reappointment.--Each member of the Council shall 
        serve for a term of 2 years and may be reappointed by the 
        President to serve 1 additional 2-year term.

    (d) Functions.--The Council shall--
            (1) be a nongovernmental advisory body to the Group;
            (2) meet, at its own discretion or at the request of the 
        Group, not less frequently than annually to review Federal 
        Government policy and programs intended to combat human 
        trafficking, including programs relating to the provision of 
        services for victims and serve as a point of contact for Federal 
        agencies reaching out to human trafficking survivors for input 
        on programming and policies relating to human trafficking in the 
        United States;
            (3) formulate assessments and recommendations to ensure that 
        policy and programming efforts of the Federal Government 
        conform, to the extent practicable, to the best practices in the 
        field of human trafficking prevention; and
            (4) meet with the Group not less frequently than annually, 
        and not later than 45 days before a meeting with the Task Force, 
        to formally present the findings and recommendations of the 
        Council.

    (e) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act and each year thereafter until the date described in subsection 
(h), the Council shall submit a report that contains the findings 
derived from the reviews conducted pursuant to subsection (d)(2) to--
            (1) the chair of the Task Force;
            (2) the members of the Group;

[[Page 129 STAT. 244]]

            (3) the Committees on Foreign Affairs, Homeland Security, 
        Appropriations, and the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (4) the Committees on Foreign Relations, Appropriations, 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Judiciary of 
        the Senate.

    (f) Employee Status.--Members of the Council--
            (1) shall not be considered employees of the Federal 
        Government for any purpose; and
            (2) shall not receive compensation other than reimbursement 
        of travel expenses and per diem allowance in accordance with 
        section 5703 of title 5, United States Code.

    (g) Nonapplicability of FACA.--The Council shall not be subject to 
the requirements under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. 
App.).
    (h) Sunset.--The Council shall terminate on September 30, 2020.
SEC. 116. <<NOTE: Bringing Missing Children Home Act.>>  BRINGING 
                        MISSING CHILDREN HOME ACT.

    (a) <<NOTE: 42 USC 5601 note.>>  Short Title.--This section may be 
cited as the ``Bringing Missing Children Home Act''.

    (b) Crime Control Act Amendments.--Section 3702 of the Crime Control 
Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 5780) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
                subparagraphs (C) and (D), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the 
                following:
                    ``(B) a recent photograph of the child, if 
                available;''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``paragraph 
                (3)'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``30 
                      days''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``and a photograph taken 
                      during the previous 180 days'' after ``dental 
                      records'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                subparagraph (D);
                    (E) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  notify the National 
                Center for Missing and Exploited Children of each report 
                received relating to a child reported missing from a 
                foster care family home or childcare institution;'';
                    (F) in subparagraph (D), as redesignated--
                          (i) by inserting ``State and local child 
                      welfare systems and'' before ``the National Center 
                      for Missing and Exploited Children''; and
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                      inserting ``; and''; and
                    (G) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) grant permission to the National Crime 
                Information Center Terminal Contractor for the State to 
                update the missing person record in the National Crime 
                Information Center computer networks with additional 
                information

[[Page 129 STAT. 245]]

                learned during the investigation relating to the missing 
                person.''.
SEC. 117. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14044b-1.>> GRANT ACCOUNTABILITY.

    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``covered grant'' means a 
grant awarded by the Attorney General under section 203 of the 
Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
14044b), as amended by section 103.
    (b) Accountability.--All covered grants shall be subject to the 
following accountability provisions:
            (1) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Audit requirement.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  In general.--
                Beginning in the first fiscal year beginning after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, and in each fiscal year 
                thereafter, the Inspector General of the Department of 
                Justice shall conduct audits of recipients of a covered 
                grant to prevent waste, fraud, and abuse of funds by 
                grantees. <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Inspector 
                General shall determine the appropriate number of 
                grantees to be audited each year.
                    (B) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
                ``unresolved audit finding'' means a finding in the 
                final audit report of the Inspector General that the 
                audited grantee has utilized grant funds for an 
                unauthorized expenditure or otherwise unallowable cost 
                that is not closed or resolved within 12 months from the 
                date when the final audit report is issued.
                    (C) Mandatory exclusion.--A recipient of a covered 
                grant that is found to have an unresolved audit finding 
                shall not be eligible to receive a covered grant during 
                the following 2 fiscal years.
                    (D) Priority.--In awarding covered grants the 
                Attorney General shall give priority to eligible 
                entities that did not have an unresolved audit finding 
                during the 3 fiscal years prior to submitting an 
                application for a covered grant.
                    (E) Reimbursement.--If an entity is awarded a 
                covered grant during the 2-fiscal-year period in which 
                the entity is barred from receiving grants under 
                subparagraph (C), the Attorney General shall--
                          (i) deposit an amount equal to the grant funds 
                      that were improperly awarded to the grantee into 
                      the General Fund of the Treasury; and
                          (ii) seek to recoup the costs of the repayment 
                      to the fund from the grant recipient that was 
                      erroneously awarded grant funds.
            (2) Nonprofit organization requirements.--
                    (A) Definition.--For purposes of this paragraph and 
                covered grants, the term ``nonprofit organization'' 
                means an organization that is described in section 
                501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and is 
                exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code.
                    (B) Prohibition.--The Attorney General may not award 
                a covered grant to a nonprofit organization that holds 
                money in offshore accounts for the purpose of avoiding 
                paying the tax described in section 511(a) of the 
                Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

[[Page 129 STAT. 246]]

                    (C) Disclosure.--Each nonprofit organization that is 
                awarded a covered grant and uses the procedures 
                prescribed in regulations to create a rebuttable 
                presumption of reasonableness for the compensation of 
                its officers, directors, trustees and key employees, 
                shall disclose to the Attorney General, in the 
                application for the grant, the process for determining 
                such compensation, including the independent persons 
                involved in reviewing and approving such compensation, 
                the comparability data used, and contemporaneous 
                substantiation of the deliberation and 
                decision. <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Upon request, 
                the Attorney General shall make the information 
                disclosed under this subsection available for public 
                inspection.
            (3) Conference expenditures.--
                    (A) Limitation.--No amounts transferred to the 
                Department of Justice under this title, or the 
                amendments made by this title, may be used by the 
                Attorney General, or by any individual or organization 
                awarded discretionary funds through a cooperative 
                agreement under this title, or the amendments made by 
                this title, to host or support any expenditure for 
                conferences that uses more than $20,000 in Department 
                funds, unless the Deputy Attorney General or such 
                Assistant Attorney Generals, Directors, or principal 
                deputies as the Deputy Attorney General may designate, 
                provides prior written authorization that the funds may 
                be expended to host a conference.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  Written approval.--
                Written approval under subparagraph (A) shall include a 
                written estimate of all costs associated with the 
                conference, including the cost of all food and 
                beverages, audiovisual equipment, honoraria for 
                speakers, and any entertainment.
                    (C) Report.--The Deputy Attorney General shall 
                submit an annual report to the Committee on the 
                Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the 
                Judiciary of the House of Representatives on all 
                approved conference expenditures referenced in this 
                paragraph.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Annual 
                certification.--Beginning in the first fiscal year 
                beginning after the date of enactment of this title, the 
                Attorney General shall submit, to the Committee on the 
                Judiciary and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives, an annual certification that--
                          (i) all audits issued by the Office of the 
                      Inspector General under paragraph (1) have been 
                      completed and reviewed by the appropriate 
                      Assistant Attorney General or Director;
                          (ii) all mandatory exclusions required under 
                      paragraph (1)(C) have been issued;
                          (iii) all reimbursements required under 
                      paragraph (1)(E) have been made; and
                          (iv) includes a list of any grant recipients 
                      excluded under paragraph (1) from the previous 
                      year.
            (4) Prohibition on lobbying activity.--
                    (A) In general.--Amounts awarded under this title, 
                or any amendments made by this title, may not be 
                utilized by any grant recipient to--

[[Page 129 STAT. 247]]

                          (i) lobby any representative of the Department 
                      of Justice regarding the award of grant funding; 
                      or
                          (ii) lobby any representative of a Federal, 
                      State, local, or tribal government regarding the 
                      award of grant funding.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Penalty.--If the 
                Attorney General determines that any recipient of a 
                covered grant has violated subparagraph (A), the 
                Attorney General shall--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Repayment.>>  require the grant 
                      recipient to repay the grant in full; and
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  prohibit the 
                      grant recipient from receiving another covered 
                      grant for not less than 5 years.
SEC. 118. <<NOTE: Stop Advertising Victims of Exploitation Act of 
                        2015.>>  SAVE ACT.

    (a) <<NOTE: 18 USC 1 note.>>  Short Title.--This section may be 
cited as the ``Stop Advertising Victims of Exploitation Act of 2015'' or 
the ``SAVE Act of 2015''.

    (b) Advertising That Offers Certain Commercial Acts.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1591(a)(1) of title 18, United 
        States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended by 
        inserting ``advertises,'' after ``obtains,''.
            (2) Mens rea requirement.--Section 1591(a) of title 18, 
        United States Code, is amended in the undesignated matter 
        following paragraph (2), by inserting ``, except where the act 
        constituting the violation of paragraph (1) is advertising,'' 
        after ``knowing, or''.
            (3) Conforming amendments.--Section 1591(b) of title 18, 
        United States Code, as amended by this Act, is further amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``advertised,'' 
                after ``obtained,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``advertised,'' 
                after ``obtained,''.
SEC. 119. <<NOTE: Web posting. 42 USC 5611 note.>>  EDUCATION AND 
                        OUTREACH TO TRAFFICKING SURVIVORS.

    The Attorney General shall make available, on the website of the 
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, a database for 
trafficking victim advocates, crisis hotline personnel, foster parents, 
law enforcement personnel, and crime survivors that contains information 
on--
            (1) counseling and hotline resources;
            (2) housing resources;
            (3) legal assistance; and
            (4) other services for trafficking survivors.
SEC. 120. EXPANDED STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CIVIL ACTIONS BY 
                        CHILD TRAFFICKING SURVIVORS.

    Section 1595(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``not later than 10 years after the cause of action arose.'' 
and inserting ``not later than the later of--
            ``(1) 10 years after the cause of action arose; or
            ``(2) 10 years after the victim reaches 18 years of age, if 
        the victim was a minor at the time of the alleged offense.''.
SEC. 121. GAO STUDY AND REPORT.

    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on each program or initiative authorized under

[[Page 129 STAT. 248]]

this Act and the following statutes and evaluate whether any program or 
initiative is duplicative:
            (1) Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 
        2005 (Public Law 109-164; 119 Stat. 3558).
            (2) Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 
        7101 et seq.).
            (3) Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13001 et 
        seq.).
            (4) Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5701 et seq.).
            (5) Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5771 et 
        seq.).

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the 
Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report on the study 
conducted under subsection (a), which shall include--
            (1) a description of the cost of any duplicative program or 
        initiative studied under subsection (a); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommendations on how to 
        achieve cost savings with respect to each duplicative program or 
        initiative studied under subsection (a).

                  TITLE II--COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Subtitle A--Enhancing Services for Runaway and Homeless Victims of Youth 
                               Trafficking

SEC. 201. AMENDMENTS TO THE RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH ACT.

    The Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5701 et seq.) is 
amended--
            (1) in section 343(b)(5) (42 U.S.C. 5714-23(b)(5))--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, severe 
                forms of trafficking in persons (as defined in section 
                103(9) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 
                (22 U.S.C. 7102(9))), and sex trafficking (as defined in 
                section 103(10) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 7102(10)))'' 
                before the semicolon at the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B) by inserting ``, severe 
                forms of trafficking in persons (as defined in section 
                103(9) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 
                (22 U.S.C. 7102(9))), or sex trafficking (as defined in 
                section 103(10) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 7102(10)))'' 
                after ``assault''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (C) by inserting ``, including 
                such youth who are victims of trafficking (as defined in 
                section 103(15) of the Trafficking Victims Protection 
                Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102(15)))'' before the semicolon 
                at the end; and
            (2) in section 351(a) (42 U.S.C. 5714-41(a)) by striking 
        ``or sexual exploitation'' and inserting ``sexual exploitation,

[[Page 129 STAT. 249]]

        severe forms of trafficking in persons (as defined in section 
        103(9) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 
        U.S.C. 7102(9))), or sex trafficking (as defined in section 
        103(10) of such Act (22 U.S.C. 7102(10)))''.

 Subtitle B--Improving the Response to Victims of Child Sex Trafficking

SEC. 211. RESPONSE TO VICTIMS OF CHILD SEX TRAFFICKING.

    Section 404(b)(1)(P)(iii) of the Missing Children's Assistance Act 
(42 U.S.C. 5773(b)(1)(P)(iii)) is amended by striking ``child 
prostitution'' and inserting ``child sex trafficking, including child 
prostitution''.

  Subtitle C--Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking

SEC. 221. VICTIM OF TRAFFICKING DEFINED.

    In this subtitle, the term ``victim of trafficking'' has the meaning 
given such term in section 103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act 
of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102).
SEC. 222. INTERAGENCY TASK FORCE REPORT ON CHILD TRAFFICKING 
                        PRIMARY PREVENTION.

    (a) Review.--The Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat 
Trafficking, established under section 105 of the Trafficking Victims 
Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7103), shall conduct a review that, 
with regard to trafficking in persons in the United States--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  in consultation with 
        nongovernmental organizations that the Task Force determines 
        appropriate, surveys and catalogs the activities of the Federal 
        Government and State governments--
                    (A) to deter individuals from committing trafficking 
                offenses; and
                    (B) to prevent children from becoming victims of 
                trafficking;
            (2) surveys academic literature on--
                    (A) deterring individuals from committing 
                trafficking offenses;
                    (B) preventing children from becoming victims of 
                trafficking;
                    (C) the commercial sexual exploitation of children; 
                and
                    (D) other similar topics that the Task Force 
                determines to be appropriate;
            (3) identifies best practices and effective strategies--
                    (A) to deter individuals from committing trafficking 
                offenses; and
                    (B) to prevent children from becoming victims of 
                trafficking; and
            (4) identifies current gaps in research and data that would 
        be helpful in formulating effective strategies--
                    (A) to deter individuals from committing trafficking 
                offenses; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 250]]

                    (B) to prevent children from becoming victims of 
                trafficking.

    (b) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Report.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Interagency Task Force 
to Monitor and Combat Trafficking shall provide to Congress, and make 
publicly available in electronic format, a report on the review 
conducted pursuant to subparagraph (a).
SEC. 223. GAO REPORT ON INTERVENTION.

    On the date that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report 
to Congress that includes information on--
            (1) the efforts of Federal and select State law enforcement 
        agencies to combat human trafficking in the United States; and
            (2) each Federal grant program, a purpose of which is to 
        combat human trafficking or assist victims of trafficking, as 
        specified in an authorizing statute or in a guidance document 
        issued by the agency carrying out the grant program.
SEC. 224. PROVISION OF HOUSING PERMITTED TO PROTECT AND ASSIST IN 
                        THE RECOVERY OF VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING.

    Section 107(b)(2)(A) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 
2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105(b)(2)(A)) is amended by inserting ``, including 
programs that provide housing to victims of trafficking'' before the 
period at the end.

                      Subtitle D--Expanded Training

SEC. 231. EXPANDED TRAINING RELATING TO TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS.

    Section 105(c)(4) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 
(22 U.S.C. 7105(c)(4)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Appropriate personnel'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Appropriate personnel'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as redesignated, by inserting ``, 
        including members of the Service (as such term is defined in 
        section 103 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
        3903))'' after ``Department of State''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Training components.--Training under this 
                paragraph shall include--
                          ``(i) a distance learning course on 
                      trafficking-in-persons issues and the Department 
                      of State's obligations under this Act, which shall 
                      be designed for embassy reporting officers, 
                      regional bureaus' trafficking-in-persons 
                      coordinators, and their superiors;
                          ``(ii) specific trafficking-in-persons 
                      briefings for all ambassadors and deputy chiefs of 
                      mission before such individuals depart for their 
                      posts; and
                          ``(iii) at least annual reminders to all 
                      personnel referred to in clauses (i) and (ii), 
                      including appropriate personnel from other Federal 
                      departments and agencies, at each diplomatic or 
                      consular post of the Department of State located 
                      outside the United States of--

[[Page 129 STAT. 251]]

                                    ``(I) key problems, threats, 
                                methods, and warning signs of 
                                trafficking in persons specific to the 
                                country or jurisdiction in which each 
                                such post is located; and
                                    ``(II) appropriate procedures to 
                                report information that any such 
                                personnel may acquire about possible 
                                cases of trafficking in persons.''.

TITLE III <<NOTE: Human Exploitation Rescue Operations Act of 2015.>> --
HERO ACT
SEC. 301. <<NOTE: 6 USC 101 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Human Exploitation Rescue 
Operations Act of 2015'' or the ``HERO Act of 2015''.
SEC. 302. <<NOTE: 6 USC 473 note.>>  HERO ACT.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The illegal market for the production and distribution 
        of child abuse imagery is a growing threat to children in the 
        United States. International demand for this material creates a 
        powerful incentive for the rape, abuse, and torture of children 
        within the United States.
            (2) The targeting of United States children by international 
        criminal networks is a threat to the homeland security of the 
        United States. This threat must be fought with trained personnel 
        and highly specialized counter-child-exploitation strategies and 
        technologies.
            (3) The United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement of 
        the Department of Homeland Security serves a critical national 
        security role in protecting the United States from the growing 
        international threat of child exploitation and human 
        trafficking.
            (4) The Cyber Crimes Center of the United States Immigration 
        and Customs Enforcement is a vital national resource in the 
        effort to combat international child exploitation, providing 
        advanced expertise and assistance in investigations, computer 
        forensics, and victim identification.
            (5) The returning military heroes of the United States 
        possess unique and valuable skills that can assist law 
        enforcement in combating global sexual and child exploitation, 
        and the Department of Homeland Security should use this national 
        resource to the maximum extent possible.
            (6) Through the Human Exploitation Rescue Operative (HERO) 
        Child Rescue Corps program, the returning military heroes of the 
        United States are trained and hired to investigate crimes of 
        child exploitation in order to target predators and rescue 
        children from sexual abuse and slavery.

    (b) Cyber Crimes Center, Child Exploitation Investigations Unit, and 
Computer Forensics Unit.--
            (1) In general.--Subtitle H of title VIII of the Homeland 
        Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 451 et seq.) is amended by adding 
        at the end the following:
``SEC. 890A. <<NOTE: 6 USC 473.>>  CYBER CRIMES CENTER, CHILD 
                          EXPLOITATION INVESTIGATIONS UNIT, 
                          COMPUTER FORENSICS UNIT, AND CYBER 
                          CRIMES UNIT.

    ``(a) Cyber Crimes Center.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 252]]

            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall operate, within 
        United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, a Cyber 
        Crimes Center (referred to in this section as the `Center').
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the Center shall be to 
        provide investigative assistance, training, and equipment to 
        support United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement's 
        domestic and international investigations of cyber-related 
        crimes.

    ``(b) Child Exploitation Investigations Unit.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall operate, within the 
        Center, a Child Exploitation Investigations Unit (referred to in 
        this subsection as the `CEIU').
            ``(2) Functions.--The CEIU--
                    ``(A) shall coordinate all United States Immigration 
                and Customs Enforcement child exploitation initiatives, 
                including investigations into--
                          ``(i) child exploitation;
                          ``(ii) child pornography;
                          ``(iii) child victim identification;
                          ``(iv) traveling child sex offenders; and
                          ``(v) forced child labor, including the sexual 
                      exploitation of minors;
                    ``(B) shall, among other things, focus on--
                          ``(i) child exploitation prevention;
                          ``(ii) investigative capacity building;
                          ``(iii) enforcement operations; and
                          ``(iv) training for Federal, State, local, 
                      tribal, and foreign law enforcement agency 
                      personnel, upon request;
                    ``(C) shall provide training, technical expertise, 
                support, or coordination of child exploitation 
                investigations, as needed, to cooperating law 
                enforcement agencies and personnel;
                    ``(D) shall provide psychological support and 
                counseling services for United States Immigration and 
                Customs Enforcement personnel engaged in child 
                exploitation prevention initiatives, including making 
                available other existing services to assist employees 
                who are exposed to child exploitation material during 
                investigations;
                    ``(E) is authorized to collaborate with the 
                Department of Defense and the National Association to 
                Protect Children for the purpose of the recruiting, 
                training, equipping and hiring of wounded, ill, and 
                injured veterans and transitioning service members, 
                through the Human Exploitation Rescue Operative (HERO) 
                Child Rescue Corps program; and
                    ``(F) shall collaborate with other governmental, 
                nongovernmental, and nonprofit entities approved by the 
                Secretary for the sponsorship of, and participation in, 
                outreach and training activities.
            ``(3) Data collection.--The CEIU shall collect and maintain 
        data concerning--
                    ``(A) the total number of suspects identified by 
                United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement;
                    ``(B) the number of arrests by United States 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement, disaggregated by 
                type, including--

[[Page 129 STAT. 253]]

                          ``(i) the number of victims identified through 
                      investigations carried out by United States 
                      Immigration and Customs Enforcement; and
                          ``(ii) the number of suspects arrested who 
                      were in positions of trust or authority over 
                      children;
                    ``(C) the number of cases opened for investigation 
                by United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement; 
                and
                    ``(D) the number of cases resulting in a Federal, 
                State, foreign, or military prosecution.
            ``(4) Availability of data to congress.--In addition to 
        submitting the reports required under paragraph (7), the CEIU 
        shall make the data collected and maintained under paragraph (3) 
        available to the committees of Congress described in paragraph 
        (7).
            ``(5) Cooperative agreements.--The CEIU is authorized to 
        enter into cooperative agreements to accomplish the functions 
        set forth in paragraphs (2) and (3).
            ``(6) Acceptance of gifts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
                accept monies and in-kind donations from the Virtual 
                Global Taskforce, national laboratories, Federal 
                agencies, not-for-profit organizations, and educational 
                institutions to create and expand public awareness 
                campaigns in support of the functions of the CEIU.
                    ``(B) Exemption from federal acquisition 
                regulation.--Gifts authorized under subparagraph (A) 
                shall not be subject to the Federal Acquisition 
                Regulation for competition when the services provided by 
                the entities referred to in such subparagraph are 
                donated or of minimal cost to the Department.
            ``(7) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
        enactment of the HERO Act of 2015, and annually for the 
        following 4 years, the CEIU shall--
                    ``(A) submit a report containing a summary of the 
                data collected pursuant to paragraph (3) during the 
                previous year to--
                          ``(i) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                      Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
                          ``(ii) the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                      Senate;
                          ``(iii) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                      Senate;
                          ``(iv) the Committee on Homeland Security of 
                      the House of Representatives;
                          ``(v) the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                      House of Representatives; and
                          ``(vi) the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                      House of Representatives; and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Records.>>  make a copy of each report 
                submitted under subparagraph (A) publicly available on 
                the website of the Department.

    ``(c) Computer Forensics Unit.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall operate, within the 
        Center, a Computer Forensics Unit (referred to in this 
        subsection as the `CFU').
            ``(2) Functions.--The CFU--
                    ``(A) shall provide training and technical support 
                in digital forensics to--

[[Page 129 STAT. 254]]

                          ``(i) United States Immigration and Customs 
                      Enforcement personnel; and
                          ``(ii) Federal, State, local, tribal, 
                      military, and foreign law enforcement agency 
                      personnel engaged in the investigation of crimes 
                      within their respective jurisdictions, upon 
                      request and subject to the availability of funds;
                    ``(B) shall provide computer hardware, software, and 
                forensic licenses for all computer forensics personnel 
                within United States Immigration and Customs 
                Enforcement;
                    ``(C) shall participate in research and development 
                in the area of digital forensics, in coordination with 
                appropriate components of the Department; and
                    ``(D) is authorized to collaborate with the 
                Department of Defense and the National Association to 
                Protect Children for the purpose of recruiting, 
                training, equipping, and hiring wounded, ill, and 
                injured veterans and transitioning service members, 
                through the Human Exploitation Rescue Operative (HERO) 
                Child Rescue Corps program.
            ``(3) Cooperative agreements.--The CFU is authorized to 
        enter into cooperative agreements to accomplish the functions 
        set forth in paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Acceptance of gifts.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to 
                accept monies and in-kind donations from the Virtual 
                Global Task Force, national laboratories, Federal 
                agencies, not-for-profit organizations, and educational 
                institutions to create and expand public awareness 
                campaigns in support of the functions of the CFU.
                    ``(B) Exemption from federal acquisition 
                regulation.--Gifts authorized under subparagraph (A) 
                shall not be subject to the Federal Acquisition 
                Regulation for competition when the services provided by 
                the entities referred to in such subparagraph are 
                donated or of minimal cost to the Department.

    ``(d) Cyber Crimes Unit.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall operate, within the 
        Center, a Cyber Crimes Unit (referred to in this subsection as 
        the `CCU').
            ``(2) Functions.--The CCU--
                    ``(A) shall oversee the cyber security strategy and 
                cyber-related operations and programs for United States 
                Immigration and Customs Enforcement;
                    ``(B) shall enhance United States Immigration and 
                Customs Enforcement's ability to combat criminal 
                enterprises operating on or through the Internet, with 
                specific focus in the areas of--
                          ``(i) cyber economic crime;
                          ``(ii) digital theft of intellectual property;
                          ``(iii) illicit e-commerce (including hidden 
                      marketplaces);
                          ``(iv) Internet-facilitated proliferation of 
                      arms and strategic technology; and
                          ``(v) cyber-enabled smuggling and money 
                      laundering;
                    ``(C) shall provide training and technical support 
                in cyber investigations to--

[[Page 129 STAT. 255]]

                          ``(i) United States Immigration and Customs 
                      Enforcement personnel; and
                          ``(ii) Federal, State, local, tribal, 
                      military, and foreign law enforcement agency 
                      personnel engaged in the investigation of crimes 
                      within their respective jurisdictions, upon 
                      request and subject to the availability of funds;
                    ``(D) shall participate in research and development 
                in the area of cyber investigations, in coordination 
                with appropriate components of the Department; and
                    ``(E) is authorized to recruit participants of the 
                Human Exploitation Rescue Operative (HERO) Child Rescue 
                Corps program for investigative and forensic positions 
                in support of the functions of the CCU.
            ``(3) Cooperative agreements.--The CCU is authorized to 
        enter into cooperative agreements to accomplish the functions 
        set forth in paragraph (2).

    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary such sums as are necessary to carry out 
this section.''.
            (2) Table of contents amendment.--The table of contents in 
        section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 
        note) is amended by adding after the item relating to section 
        890 the following:

``Sec. 890A. Cyber crimes center, child exploitation investigations 
           unit, computer forensics unit, and cyber crimes unit.''.

    (c) HERO Corps Hiring.--It is the sense of Congress that Homeland 
Security Investigations of the United States Immigration and Customs 
Enforcement should hire, recruit, train, and equip wounded, ill, or 
injured military veterans (as defined in section 101, title 38, United 
States Code) who are affiliated with the HERO Child Rescue Corps program 
for investigative, intelligence, analyst, and forensic positions.
    (d) Investigating Child Exploitation.--Section 307(b)(3) of the 
Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 187(b)(3)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) conduct research and development for the 
                purpose of advancing technology for the investigation of 
                child exploitation crimes, including child victim 
                identification, trafficking in persons, and child 
                pornography, and for advanced forensics.''.
SEC. 303. TRANSPORTATION FOR ILLEGAL SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND RELATED 
                        CRIMES.

    Chapter 117 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking 
section 2421 and inserting the following:
``Sec. 2421. <<NOTE: 18 USC 2421.>> Transportation generally

    ``(a) In General.--Whoever knowingly transports any individual in 
interstate or foreign commerce, or in any Territory or Possession of the 
United States, with intent that such individual engage in prostitution, 
or in any sexual activity for which any person can be charged with a 
criminal offense, or attempts to

[[Page 129 STAT. 256]]

do so, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 10 
years, or both.
    ``(b) Requests To Prosecute Violations by State Attorneys General.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Attorney General shall grant a 
        request by a State attorney general that a State or local 
        attorney be cross designated to prosecute a violation of this 
        section unless the Attorney General determines that granting the 
        request would undermine the administration of justice.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Reason for denial.--If the 
        Attorney General denies a request under paragraph (1), the 
        Attorney General shall submit to the State attorney general a 
        detailed reason for the denial not later than 60 days after the 
        date on which a request is received.''.

  TITLE IV <<NOTE: Rape Survivor Child Custody Act.>> --RAPE SURVIVOR 
CHILD CUSTODY
SEC. 401. <<NOTE: 42 USC 13701 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Rape Survivor Child Custody Act''.
SEC. 402. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14043h.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Covered formula grant.--The term ``covered formula 
        grant'' means a grant under--
                    (A) part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control 
                and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg et seq.) 
                (commonly referred to as the ``STOP Violence Against 
                Women Formula Grant Program''); or
                    (B) section 41601 of the Violence Against Women Act 
                of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14043g) (commonly referred to as the 
                ``Sexual Assault Services Program'').
            (2) Termination.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``termination'' means, 
                when used with respect to parental rights, a complete 
                and final termination of the parent's right to custody 
                of, guardianship of, visitation with, access to, and 
                inheritance from a child.
                    (B) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this paragraph 
                shall be construed to require a State, in order to 
                receive an increase in the amount provided to the State 
                under the covered formula grants under this title, to 
                have in place a law that terminates any obligation of a 
                person who fathered a child through rape to support the 
                child.
SEC. 403. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14043h-1.>>  FINDINGS.

    Congress finds the following:
            (1) Men who father children through rape should be 
        prohibited from visiting or having custody of those children.
            (2) Thousands of rape-related pregnancies occur annually in 
        the United States.
            (3) A substantial number of women choose to raise their 
        child conceived through rape and, as a result, may face custody 
        battles with their rapists.

[[Page 129 STAT. 257]]

            (4) Rape is one of the most under-prosecuted serious crimes, 
        with estimates of criminal conviction occurring in less than 5 
        percent of rapes.
            (5) The clear and convincing evidence standard is the most 
        common standard for termination of parental rights among the 50 
        States, territories, and the District of Columbia.
            (6) The Supreme Court established that the clear and 
        convincing evidence standard satisfies due process for 
        allegations to terminate or restrict parental rights in Santosky 
        v. Kramer (455 U.S. 745 (1982)).
            (7) Currently only 10 States have statutes allowing rape 
        survivors to petition for the termination of parental rights of 
        the rapist based on clear and convincing evidence that the child 
        was conceived through rape.
            (8) A rapist pursuing parental or custody rights causes the 
        survivor to have continued interaction with the rapist, which 
        can have traumatic psychological effects on the survivor, and 
        can make it more difficult for her to recover.
            (9) These traumatic effects on the mother can severely 
        negatively impact her ability to raise a healthy child.
            (10) Rapists may use the threat of pursuing custody or 
        parental rights to coerce survivors into not prosecuting rape, 
        or otherwise harass, intimidate, or manipulate them.
SEC. 404. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14043h-2.>>  INCREASED FUNDING FOR 
                        FORMULA GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

    The Attorney General shall increase the amount provided to a State 
under the covered formula grants in accordance with this title if the 
State has in place a law that allows the mother of any child that was 
conceived through rape to seek court-ordered termination of the parental 
rights of her rapist with regard to that child, which the court is 
authorized to grant upon clear and convincing evidence of rape.
SEC. 405. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14043h-3.>>  APPLICATION.

    A State seeking an increase in the amount provided to the State 
under the covered formula grants shall include in the application of the 
State for each covered formula grant such information as the Attorney 
General may reasonably require, including information about the law 
described in section 404.
SEC. 406. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14043h-4.>>  GRANT INCREASE.

    The amount of the increase provided to a State under the covered 
formula grants under this title shall be equal to not more than 10 
percent of the average of the total amount of funding provided to the 
State under the covered formula grants under the 3 most recent awards to 
the State.
SEC. 407. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14043h-5.>>  PERIOD OF INCREASE.

    (a) In General.--The Attorney General shall provide an increase in 
the amount provided to a State under the covered formula grants under 
this title for a 2-year period.
    (b) Limit.--The Attorney General may not provide an increase in the 
amount provided to a State under the covered formula grants under this 
title more than 4 times.

[[Page 129 STAT. 258]]

SEC. 408. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14043h-6.>>  ALLOCATION OF INCREASED 
                        FORMULA GRANT FUNDS.

    The Attorney General shall allocate an increase in the amount 
provided to a State under the covered formula grants under this title 
such that--
            (1) 25 percent the amount of the increase is provided under 
        the program described in section 402(1)(A); and
            (2) 75 percent the amount of the increase is provided under 
        the program described in section 402(1)(B).
SEC. 409. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14043h-7.>>  AUTHORIZATION OF 
                        APPROPRIATIONS.

    There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title 
$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2015 through 2019.

        TITLE V-- <<NOTE: Military Sex Offender Reporting Act of 
2015.>> MILITARY SEX OFFENDER REPORTING
SEC. 501. <<NOTE: 42 USC 16901 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Military Sex Offender Reporting Act 
of 2015''.
SEC. 502. REGISTRATION OF SEX OFFENDERS RELEASED FROM MILITARY 
                        CORRECTIONS FACILITIES OR UPON CONVICTION.

    (a) In General.--The Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act 
is amended by inserting after section 128 (42 U.S.C. 16928) the 
following:
``SEC. 128A. <<NOTE: 42 USC 16928a.>>  REGISTRATION OF SEX 
                          OFFENDERS RELEASED FROM MILITARY 
                          CORRECTIONS FACILITIES OR UPON 
                          CONVICTION.

    ``The Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Attorney General the 
information described in section 114 to be included in the National Sex 
Offender Registry and the Dru Sjodin National Sex Offender Public 
Website regarding persons--
            ``(1)(A) released from military corrections facilities; or
            ``(B) convicted if the sentences adjudged by courts-martial 
        under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice), do not include confinement; and
            ``(2) required to register under this title.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of 
the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 128 the following:

``Sec. 128A. Registration of sex offenders released from military 
           corrections facilities or upon conviction.''.

           TITLE VI--STOPPING EXPLOITATION THROUGH TRAFFICKING

SEC. 601. SAFE HARBOR INCENTIVES.

    Part Q of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act 
of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 1701(c), <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796dd.>>  by 
        striking ``where feasible'' and all that follows, and inserting 
        the following: ``where feasible, to an application--

[[Page 129 STAT. 259]]

            ``(1) for hiring and rehiring additional career law 
        enforcement officers that involves a non-Federal contribution 
        exceeding the 25 percent minimum under subsection (g); or
            ``(2) from an applicant in a State that has in effect a law 
        that--
                    ``(A) treats a minor who has engaged in, or has 
                attempted to engage in, a commercial sex act as a victim 
                of a severe form of trafficking in persons;
                    ``(B) discourages or prohibits the charging or 
                prosecution of an individual described in subparagraph 
                (A) for a prostitution or sex trafficking offense, based 
                on the conduct described in subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(C) encourages the diversion of an individual 
                described in subparagraph (A) to appropriate service 
                providers, including child welfare services, victim 
                treatment programs, child advocacy centers, rape crisis 
                centers, or other social services.''; and
            (2) in section 1709, <<NOTE: 42 USC 3796dd-
        8. Definitions.>>  by inserting at the end the following:
            ``(5) `commercial sex act' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 103 of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence 
        Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102).
            ``(6) `minor' means an individual who has not attained the 
        age of 18 years.
            ``(7) `severe form of trafficking in persons' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 103 of the Victims of 
        Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 
        7102).''.
SEC. 602. REPORT ON RESTITUTION PAID IN CONNECTION WITH CERTAIN 
                        TRAFFICKING OFFENSES.

    Section 105(d)(7)(Q) of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence 
Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7103(d)(7)(Q)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting after ``1590,'' the following: ``1591,'';
            (2) by striking ``and 1594'' and inserting ``1594, 2251, 
        2251A, 2421, 2422, and 2423'';
            (3) in clause (iv), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (4) in clause (v), by striking ``and'' at the end; and
            (5) by inserting after clause (v) the following:
                          ``(vi) the number of individuals required by a 
                      court order to pay restitution in connection with 
                      a violation of each offense under title 18, United 
                      States Code, the amount of restitution required to 
                      be paid under each such order, and the amount of 
                      restitution actually paid pursuant to each such 
                      order; and
                          ``(vii) the age, gender, race, country of 
                      origin, country of citizenship, and description of 
                      the role in the offense of individuals convicted 
                      under each offense; and''.
SEC. 603. NATIONAL HUMAN TRAFFICKING HOTLINE.

    Section 107(b)(1)(B) of the Victims of Crime Trafficking and 
Violence Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105(b)(1)(B)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Subject'' and inserting the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--Subject''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) National human trafficking hotline.--
                      Beginning <<NOTE: Effective date. Grants.>>  in 
                      fiscal year 2017, and in each fiscal year 
                      thereafter, of amounts made available for grants 
                      under

[[Page 129 STAT. 260]]

                      paragraph (2), the Secretary of Health and Human 
                      Services shall make grants for a national 
                      communication system to assist victims of severe 
                      forms of trafficking in persons in communicating 
                      with service providers. The Secretary shall give 
                      priority to grant applicants that have experience 
                      in providing telephone services to victims of 
                      severe forms of trafficking in persons.''.
SEC. 604. JOB CORPS ELIGIBILITY.

    Section 144(a)(3) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act 
(29 U.S.C. 3194(a)(3)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) A victim of a severe form of trafficking in 
                persons (as defined in section 103 of the Victims of 
                Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (22 
                U.S.C. 7102)). Notwithstanding paragraph (2), an 
                individual described in this subparagraph shall not be 
                required to demonstrate eligibility under such 
                paragraph.''.
SEC. 605. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF THE UNITED STATES MARSHALS 
                        SERVICE.

    Section 566(e)(1) of title 28, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
                    ``(D) assist State, local, and other Federal law 
                enforcement agencies, upon the request of such an 
                agency, in locating and recovering missing children.''.
SEC. 606. <<NOTE: 42 USC 14044h.>>  ESTABLISHING A NATIONAL 
                        STRATEGY TO COMBAT HUMAN TRAFFICKING.

    (a) In General.--The Attorney General shall implement and maintain a 
National Strategy for Combating Human Trafficking (referred to in this 
section as the ``National Strategy'') in accordance with this section.
    (b) Required Contents of National Strategy.--The National Strategy 
shall include the following:
            (1) Integrated Federal, State, local, and tribal efforts to 
        investigate and prosecute human trafficking cases, including--
                    (A) the development by each United States attorney, 
                in consultation with State, local, and tribal government 
                agencies, of a district-specific strategic plan to 
                coordinate the identification of victims and the 
                investigation and prosecution of human trafficking 
                crimes;
                    (B) the appointment of not fewer than 1 assistant 
                United States attorney in each district dedicated to the 
                prosecution of human trafficking cases or responsible 
                for implementing the National Strategy;
                    (C) the participation in any Federal, State, local, 
                or tribal human trafficking task force operating in the 
                district of the United States attorney; and
                    (D) any other efforts intended to enhance the level 
                of coordination and cooperation, as determined by the 
                Attorney General.
            (2) Case coordination within the Department of Justice, 
        including specific integration, coordination, and collaboration,

[[Page 129 STAT. 261]]

        as appropriate, on human trafficking investigations between and 
        among the United States attorneys, the Human Trafficking 
        Prosecution Unit, the Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section, 
        and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
            (3) Annual budget priorities and Federal efforts dedicated 
        to preventing and combating human trafficking, including 
        resources dedicated to the Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit, 
        the Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section, the Federal Bureau 
        of Investigation, and all other entities that receive Federal 
        support that have a goal or mission to combat the exploitation 
        of adults and children.
            (4) An ongoing assessment of the future trends, challenges, 
        and opportunities, including new investigative strategies, 
        techniques, and technologies, that will enhance Federal, State, 
        local, and tribal efforts to combat human trafficking.
            (5) Encouragement of cooperation, coordination, and mutual 
        support between private sector and other entities and 
        organizations and Federal agencies to combat human trafficking, 
        including the involvement of State, local, and tribal government 
        agencies to the extent Federal programs are involved.

 TITLE VII-- <<NOTE: Trafficking Awareness Training for Health Care Act 
of 2015.>> TRAFFICKING AWARENESS TRAINING FOR HEALTH CARE
SEC. 701. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Trafficking Awareness Training for 
Health Care Act of 2015''.
SEC. 702. DEVELOPMENT OF BEST PRACTICES.

    (a) Grant or Contract for Development of Best Practices.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  In general.--Not 
        later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services acting through the 
        Administrator of the Health Resources and Services 
        Administration, and in consultation with the Administration on 
        Children and Families and other agencies with experience in 
        serving victims of human trafficking, shall award, on a 
        competitive basis, a grant or contract to an eligible entity to 
        train health care professionals to recognize and respond to 
        victims of a severe form of trafficking.
            (2) Development of evidence-based best practices.--An entity 
        receiving a grant under paragraph (1) shall develop evidence-
        based best practices for health care professionals to recognize 
        and respond to victims of a severe form of trafficking, 
        including--
                    (A) consultation with law enforcement officials, 
                social service providers, health professionals, experts 
                in the field of human trafficking, and other experts, as 
                appropriate, to inform the development of such best 
                practices;
                    (B) the identification of any existing best 
                practices or tools for health professionals to recognize 
                potential victims of a severe form of trafficking; and
                    (C) the development of educational materials to 
                train health care professionals on the best practices 
                developed under this subsection.

[[Page 129 STAT. 262]]

            (3) Requirements.--Best practices developed under this 
        subsection shall address--
                    (A) risk factors and indicators to recognize victims 
                of a severe form of trafficking;
                    (B) patient safety and security;
                    (C) the management of medical records of patients 
                who are victims of a severe form of trafficking;
                    (D) public and private social services available for 
                rescue, food, clothing, and shelter referrals;
                    (E) the hotlines for reporting human trafficking 
                maintained by the National Human Trafficking Resource 
                Center and the Department of Homeland Security;
                    (F) validated assessment tools for the 
                identification of victims of a severe form of 
                trafficking; and
                    (G) referral options and procedures for sharing 
                information on human trafficking with a patient and 
                making referrals for legal and social services as 
                appropriate.
            (4) Pilot program.--An entity receiving a grant under 
        paragraph (1) shall design and implement a pilot program to test 
        the best practices and educational materials identified or 
        developed with respect to the recognition of victims of human 
        trafficking by health professionals at health care sites located 
        near an established anti-human trafficking task force initiative 
        in each of the 10 administrative regions of the Department of 
        Health and Human Services.
            (5) Analysis and report.--Not later than 24 months after the 
        date on which an entity implements a pilot program under 
        paragraph (4), the entity shall--
                    (A) analyze the results of the pilot programs, 
                including through an assessment of--
                          (i) changes in the skills, knowledge, and 
                      attitude of health care professionals resulting 
                      from the implementation of the program;
                          (ii) the number of victims of a severe form of 
                      trafficking who were identified under the program;
                          (iii) of those victims identified, the number 
                      who received information or referrals for services 
                      offered; and
                          (iv) of those victims who received such 
                      information or referrals--
                                    (I) the number who participated in 
                                follow up services; and
                                    (II) the type of follow up services 
                                received;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  determine, using the 
                results of the analysis conducted under subparagraph 
                (A), the extent to which the best practices developed 
                under this subsection are evidence-based; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  submit to the Secretary of 
                Health and Human Services a report concerning the pilot 
                program and the analysis of the pilot program under 
                subparagraph (A), including an identification of the 
                best practices that were identified as effective and 
                those that require further review.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Dissemination.--Not later than 30 months 
after date on which a grant is awarded to an eligible entity under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall--

[[Page 129 STAT. 263]]

            (1) <<NOTE: Collaboration.>>  collaborate with appropriate 
        professional associations and health care professional schools 
        to disseminate best practices identified or developed under 
        subsection (a) for purposes of recognizing potential victims of 
        a severe form of trafficking; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Web posting.>>  post on the public website of 
        the Department of Health and Human Services the best practices 
        that are identified by the pilot program as effective under 
        subsection (a)(5).
SEC. 703. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) The term ``eligible entity'' means an accredited school 
        of medicine or nursing with experience in the study or treatment 
        of victims of a severe form of trafficking.
            (2) The term ``eligible site'' means a health center that is 
        receiving assistance under section 330, 399Z-1, or 1001 of the 
        Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 254b, 280h-5, and 300).
            (3) The term ``health care professional'' means a person 
        employed by a health care provider who provides to patients 
        information (including information not related to medical 
        treatment), scheduling, services, or referrals.
            (4) The term ``HIPAA privacy and security law'' has the 
        meaning given to such term in section 3009 of the Public Health 
        Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300jj-19).
            (5) The term ``victim of a severe form of trafficking'' has 
        the meaning given to such term in section 103 of the Trafficking 
        Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102).
SEC. 704. NO ADDITIONAL AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    No additional funds are authorized to be appropriated to carry out 
this title, and this title shall be carried out using amounts otherwise 
available for such purpose.

TITLE VIII-- <<NOTE: Ensuring a Better Response for Victims of Child Sex 
 Trafficking. 42 USC 5101 note.>> BETTER RESPONSE FOR VICTIMS OF CHILD 
SEX TRAFFICKING
SEC. 801. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Ensuring a Better Response for 
Victims of Child Sex Trafficking''.
SEC. 802. <<NOTE: 42 USC 5106a note. Effective date.>>  CAPTA 
                        AMENDMENTS.

    (a) In General.--The amendments to the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.) made by this section shall take 
effect 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) State Plans.--Section 106 of the Child Abuse Prevention and 
Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
                    (A) in clause (xxii), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(xxiv) provisions and procedures requiring 
                      identification and assessment of all reports 
                      involving children known or suspected to be 
                      victims of sex trafficking (as defined in section 
                      103(10) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act 
                      of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102 (10)); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 264]]

                          ``(xxv) provisions and procedures for training 
                      child protective services workers about 
                      identifying, assessing, and providing 
                      comprehensive services for children who are sex 
                      trafficking victims, including efforts to 
                      coordinate with State law enforcement, juvenile 
                      justice, and social service agencies such as 
                      runaway and homeless youth shelters to serve this 
                      population;''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(17) The number of children determined to be victims 
        described in subsection (b)(2)(B)(xxiv).''.

    (c) Special Rule.--
            (1) In general.--Section 111 of the Child Abuse Prevention 
        and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106g) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``For purposes'' and inserting the 
                following:

    ``(a) Definitions.--For purposes''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(b) Special Rule.--
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes of section 3(2) and 
        subsection (a)(4), a child shall be considered a victim of 
        `child abuse and neglect' and of `sexual abuse' if the child is 
        identified, by a State or local agency employee of the State or 
        locality involved, as being a victim of sex trafficking (as 
        defined in paragraph (10) of section 103 of the Trafficking 
        Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102)) or a victim of 
        severe forms of trafficking in persons described in paragraph 
        (9)(A) of that section.
            ``(2) State option.--Notwithstanding the definition of 
        `child' in section 3(1), a State may elect to define that term 
        for purposes of the application of paragraph (1) to section 3(2) 
        and subsection (a)(4) as a person who has not attained the age 
        of 24.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 3(2) of the Child Abuse 
        Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5101 note) is amended by 
        inserting ``(including sexual abuse as determined under section 
        111)'' after ``sexual abuse or exploitation''.
            (3) Technical correction.--Paragraph (5)(C) of subsection 
        (a), as so designated, of section 111 of the Child Abuse 
        Prevention and Treatment Act (42 U.S.C. 5106g) is amended by 
        striking ``inhumane;'' and inserting ``inhumane.''.

TITLE IX--ANTI-TRAFFICKING TRAINING FOR DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY 
                                PERSONNEL

SEC. 901. <<NOTE: 6 USC 641.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this title:
            (1) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of Homeland Security.
            (2) Human trafficking.--The term ``human trafficking'' means 
        an act or practice described in paragraph (9) or (10) of section 
        103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 
        7102).

[[Page 129 STAT. 265]]

            (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Homeland Security.
SEC. 902. <<NOTE: 6 USC 642.>>  TRAINING FOR DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL 
                        TO IDENTIFY HUMAN TRAFFICKING.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall implement a 
program to--
            (1) train and periodically retrain relevant Transportation 
        Security Administration, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and 
        other Department personnel that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate, with respect to how to effectively deter, detect, 
        and disrupt human trafficking, and, where appropriate, interdict 
        a suspected perpetrator of human trafficking, during the course 
        of their primary roles and responsibilities; and
            (2) ensure that the personnel referred to in paragraph (1) 
        regularly receive current information on matters related to the 
        detection of human trafficking, including information that 
        becomes available outside of the Department's initial or 
        periodic retraining schedule, to the extent relevant to their 
        official duties and consistent with applicable information and 
        privacy laws.

    (b) Training Described.--The training referred to in subsection (a) 
may be conducted through in-class or virtual learning capabilities, and 
shall include--
            (1) methods for identifying suspected victims of human 
        trafficking and, where appropriate, perpetrators of human 
        trafficking;
            (2) for appropriate personnel, methods to approach a 
        suspected victim of human trafficking, where appropriate, in a 
        manner that is sensitive to the suspected victim and is not 
        likely to alert a suspected perpetrator of human trafficking;
            (3) training that is most appropriate for a particular 
        location or environment in which the personnel receiving such 
        training perform their official duties;
            (4) other topics determined by the Secretary to be 
        appropriate; and
            (5) a post-training evaluation for personnel receiving the 
        training.

    (c) Training Curriculum Review.--The Secretary shall annually 
reassess the training program established under subsection (a) to ensure 
it is consistent with current techniques, patterns, and trends 
associated with human trafficking.
SEC. 903. <<NOTE: 6 USC 643.>>  CERTIFICATION AND REPORT TO 
                        CONGRESS.

    (a) Certification.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall certify to Congress that all 
personnel referred to in section 402(a) have successfully completed the 
training required under that section.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
report to Congress with respect to the overall effectiveness of the 
program required by this title, the number of cases reported by 
Department personnel in which human trafficking was suspected, and, of 
those cases, the number of cases that were confirmed cases of human 
trafficking.

[[Page 129 STAT. 266]]

SEC. 904. <<NOTE: 6 USC 644.>>  ASSISTANCE TO NON-FEDERAL 
                        ENTITIES.

    The Secretary may provide training curricula to any State, local, or 
tribal government or private organization to assist the government or 
organization in establishing a program of training to identify human 
trafficking, upon request from the government or organization.
SEC. 905. EXPANDED USE OF DOMESTIC TRAFFICKING VICTIMS' FUND.

    Section 3014(e)(1) of title 18, United States Code, as added by 
section 101 of this Act, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) section 106 of the PROTECT Our Children Act of 
                2008 (42 U.S.C. 17616).''.

TITLE X-- <<NOTE: Human Trafficking Survivors Relief and Empowerment Act 
of 2015.>> HUMAN TRAFFICKING SURVIVORS RELIEF AND EMPOWERMENT ACT
SEC. 1001. <<NOTE: 42 USC 3711 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Human Trafficking Survivors Relief 
and Empowerment Act of 2015''.
SEC. 1002. PROTECTIONS FOR HUMAN TRAFFICKING SURVIVORS.

    Section 1701(c) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe 
Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd(c)), as amended by section 601 of 
this Act, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) from an applicant in a State that has in effect a 
        law--
                    ``(A) that--
                          ``(i) provides a process by which an 
                      individual who is a human trafficking survivor can 
                      move to vacate any arrest or conviction records 
                      for a non-violent offense committed as a direct 
                      result of human trafficking, including 
                      prostitution or lewdness;
                          ``(ii) establishes a rebuttable presumption 
                      that any arrest or conviction of an individual for 
                      an offense associated with human trafficking is a 
                      result of being trafficked, if the individual--
                                    ``(I) is a person granted 
                                nonimmigrant status pursuant to section 
                                101(a)(15)(T)(i) of the Immigration and 
                                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
                                1101(a)(15)(T)(i));
                                    ``(II) is the subject of a 
                                certification by the Secretary of Health 
                                and Human Services under section 
                                107(b)(1)(E) of the Trafficking Victims 
                                Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 
                                7105(b)(1)(E)); or

[[Page 129 STAT. 267]]

                                    ``(III) has other similar 
                                documentation of trafficking, which has 
                                been issued by a Federal, State, or 
                                local agency; and
                          ``(iii) protects the identity of individuals 
                      who are human trafficking survivors in public and 
                      court records; and
                    ``(B) that does not require an individual who is a 
                human trafficking survivor to provide official 
                documentation as described in subclause (I), (II), or 
                (III) of subparagraph (A)(ii) in order to receive 
                protection under the law.''.

    Approved May 29, 2015.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 178:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 161 (2015):
            Mar. 10-12, 16-19, Apr. 14, 16, 20-22, considered and passed 
                Senate.
            May 18, 19, considered and passed House.

                                  <all>