Text: S.1808 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 114-267 (12/14/2016)

 
[114th Congress Public Law 267]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 130 STAT. 1385]]

Public Law 114-267
114th Congress

                                 An Act


 
  To require the Secretary of Homeland Security to conduct a Northern 
    Border threat analysis, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Dec. 14, 
                          2016 -  [S. 1808]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Northern Border 
Security Review Act.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Northern Border Security Review 
Act''.
SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
                    (C) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate;
                    (D) the Committee on Homeland Security of the House 
                of Representatives;
                    (E) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives; and
                    (F) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Northern border.--The term ``Northern Border'' means the 
        land and maritime borders between the United States and Canada.
SEC. 3. NORTHERN BORDER THREAT ANALYSIS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security 
shall submit a Northern Border threat analysis to the appropriate 
congressional committees that includes--
            (1) current and potential terrorism and criminal threats 
        posed by individuals and organized groups seeking--
                    (A) to enter the United States through the Northern 
                Border; or
                    (B) to exploit border vulnerabilities on the 
                Northern Border;
            (2) improvements needed at and between ports of entry along 
        the Northern Border--
                    (A) to prevent terrorists and instruments of 
                terrorism from entering the United States; and
                    (B) to reduce criminal activity, as measured by the 
                total flow of illegal goods, illicit drugs, and smuggled 
                and

[[Page 130 STAT. 1386]]

                trafficked persons moved in either direction across to 
                the Northern Border;
            (3) gaps in law, policy, cooperation between State, tribal, 
        and local law enforcement, international agreements, or tribal 
        agreements that hinder effective and efficient border security, 
        counter-terrorism, anti-human smuggling and trafficking efforts, 
        and the flow of legitimate trade along the Northern Border; and
            (4) whether additional U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
        preclearance and preinspection operations at ports of entry 
        along the Northern Border could help prevent terrorists and 
        instruments of terror from entering the United States.

    (b) <<NOTE: Examination.>>  Analysis Requirements.--For the threat 
analysis required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Homeland 
Security shall consider and examine--
            (1) technology needs and challenges;
            (2) personnel needs and challenges;
            (3) the role of State, tribal, and local law enforcement in 
        general border security activities;
            (4) the need for cooperation among Federal, State, tribal, 
        local, and Canadian law enforcement entities relating to border 
        security;
            (5) the terrain, population density, and climate along the 
        Northern Border; and
            (6) the needs and challenges of Department facilities, 
        including the physical approaches to such facilities.

    (c) Classified Threat Analysis.--To the extent possible, the 
Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit the threat analysis required 
under subsection (a) in unclassified form. The Secretary may submit a 
portion of the threat analysis in classified form if the Secretary 
determines that such form is appropriate for that portion.

    Approved December 14, 2016.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 1808 (H.R. 455):
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

HOUSE REPORTS: No. 114-232 (Comm. on Homeland Security) accompanying 
H.R. 455.
SENATE REPORTS: No. 114-155 (Comm. on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 162 (2016):
            Nov. 16, considered and passed Senate.
            Nov. 29, considered and passed House.

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