Text: S.2123 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

Text available as:

Shown Here:
Reported to Senate (10/26/2015)

 
[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 2123 Reported in Senate (RS)]

<DOC>





                                                       Calendar No. 279
114th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 2123

To reform sentencing laws and correctional institutions, and for other 
                               purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                            October 1, 2015

Mr. Grassley (for himself, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Cornyn, Mr. Whitehouse, Mr. 
  Lee, Mr. Schumer, Mr. Graham, Mr. Leahy, Mr. Booker, Mr. Scott, Mr. 
 Tillis, Mr. Coons, Mr. Moran, Mr. Blumenthal, Mr. Flake, Mr. Franken, 
    Mrs. Feinstein, Ms. Klobuchar, and Mr. Portman) introduced the 
 following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on 
                             the Judiciary

                            October 26, 2015

              Reported by Mr. Grassley, with an amendment
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
To reform sentencing laws and correctional institutions, and for other 
                               purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

<DELETED>SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the 
``Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act of 2015''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:</DELETED>

<DELETED>Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
                  <DELETED>TITLE I--SENTENCING REFORM

<DELETED>Sec. 101. Reduce and restrict enhanced sentencing for prior 
                            drug felonies.
<DELETED>Sec. 102. Broadening of existing safety valve.
<DELETED>Sec. 103. Limitation on application of the 10-year mandatory 
                            minimum.
<DELETED>Sec. 104. Clarification of section 924(c) of title 18, United 
                            States Code.
<DELETED>Sec. 105. Amendment to certain penalties for certain firearm 
                            offenses and armed career criminal 
                            provision.
<DELETED>Sec. 106. Application of Fair Sentencing Act.
<DELETED>Sec. 107. Mandatory minimum sentences for domestic violence 
                            offenses.
<DELETED>Sec. 108. Minimum term of imprisonment for certain acts 
                            relating to the provision of controlled 
                            goods or services to terrorists or 
                            proliferators of weapons of mass 
                            destruction.
<DELETED>Sec. 109. Inventory of Federal criminal offenses.
                   <DELETED>TITLE II--CORRECTIONS ACT

<DELETED>Sec. 201. Short title.
<DELETED>Sec. 202. Recidivism reduction programming and productive 
                            activities.
<DELETED>Sec. 203. Post-sentencing risk and needs assessment system.
<DELETED>Sec. 204. Prerelease custody.
<DELETED>Sec. 205. Reports.
<DELETED>Sec. 206. Additional tools to promote recovery and prevent 
                            drug and alcohol abuse and dependence.
<DELETED>Sec. 207. Eric Williams Correctional Officer Protection Act.
<DELETED>Sec. 208. Promoting successful reentry.
<DELETED>Sec. 209. Parole for juveniles.
<DELETED>Sec. 210. Compassionate release initiative.
<DELETED>Sec. 211. Juvenile sealing and expungement.
<DELETED>Sec. 212. Juvenile solitary confinement.
<DELETED>Sec. 213. Ensuring accuracy of Federal criminal records.

             <DELETED>TITLE I--SENTENCING REFORM</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 101. REDUCE AND RESTRICT ENHANCED SENTENCING FOR PRIOR 
              DRUG FELONIES.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Controlled Substances Act Amendments.--The Controlled 
Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in section 102 (21 U.S.C. 802), by adding at 
        the end the following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(57) The term `serious drug felony' means an 
        offense described in section 924(e)(2)(A) of title 18, United 
        States Code, for which the offender served a term of 
        imprisonment of more than 12 months.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(58) The term `serious violent felony' means--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) an offense described in section 
                3559(c)(2)(F) of title 18, United States Code, for 
                which the offender served a term of imprisonment of 
                more than 12 months; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) any offense that would be a felony 
                violation of section 113 of title 18, United States 
                Code, if the offense were committed in the special 
                maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United 
                States, for which the offender served a term of 
                imprisonment of more than 12 months.''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) in section 401(b)(1) (21 U.S.C. 841(b)(1))--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) in subparagraph (A), in the flush text 
                following clause (viii)--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) by striking ``If any person 
                        commits such a violation after a prior 
                        conviction for a felony drug offense has become 
                        final, such person shall be sentenced to a term 
                        of imprisonment which may not be less than 20 
                        years'' and inserting the following: ``If any 
                        person commits such a violation after a prior 
                        conviction for a serious drug felony or serious 
                        violent felony has become final, such person 
                        shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 
                        not less than 15 years''; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) by striking ``after two or 
                        more prior convictions for a felony drug 
                        offense have become final, such person shall be 
                        sentenced to a mandatory term of life 
                        imprisonment without release'' and inserting 
                        the following: ``after 2 or more prior 
                        convictions for a serious drug felony or 
                        serious violent felony have become final, such 
                        person shall be sentenced to a term of 
                        imprisonment of not less than 25 years''; 
                        and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) in subparagraph (B), in the flush text 
                following clause (viii), by striking ``If any person 
                commits such a violation after a prior conviction for a 
                felony drug offense has become final'' and inserting 
                the following: ``If any person commits such a violation 
                after a prior conviction for a serious drug felony or 
                serious violent felony has become final''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Controlled Substances Import and Export Act 
Amendments.--Section 1010(b) of the Controlled Substances Import and 
Export Act (21 U.S.C. 960(b)) is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in paragraph (1), in the flush text following 
        subparagraph (H), by striking ``If any person commits such a 
        violation after a prior conviction for a felony drug offense 
        has become final, such person shall be sentenced to a term of 
        imprisonment of not less than 20 years'' and inserting ``If any 
        person commits such a violation after a prior conviction for a 
        serious drug felony or serious violent felony has become final, 
        such person shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not 
        less than 15 years''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) in paragraph (2), in the flush text following 
        subparagraph (H), by striking ``felony drug offense'' and 
        inserting ``serious drug felony or serious violent 
        felony''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Applicability to Pending and Past Cases.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) Pending cases.--This section, and the 
        amendments made by this section, shall apply to any offense 
        that was committed before the date of enactment of this Act, if 
        a sentence for the offense has not been imposed as of such date 
        of enactment.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Past cases.--In the case of a defendant who, 
        before the date of enactment of this Act, was convicted of an 
        offense for which the penalty is amended by this section and 
        was sentenced to a term of imprisonment for the offense, the 
        sentencing court may, on motion of the defendant or the 
        Director of the Bureau of Prisons, or on its own motion, upon 
        prior notice to the Government, reduce the term of imprisonment 
        for the offense, after considering the factors set forth in 
        section 3553(a) of title 18, United States Code, the nature and 
        seriousness of the danger to any person or the community, and 
        the post-sentencing conduct of the defendant, if such a 
        reduction is consistent with this section and the amendments 
        made by this section.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 102. BROADENING OF EXISTING SAFETY VALVE.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Amendments.--Section 3553 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (1) 
        and inserting the following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the defendant does not have--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) more than 4 criminal history points 
                as determined under the sentencing 
                guidelines;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) a prior 3-point offense, as 
                determined under the sentencing guidelines; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) a prior 2-point drug trafficking or 
                violent offense, as determined under the sentencing 
                guidelines;''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(g) Inadequacy of Criminal History.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--If subsection (f) does not 
        apply to a defendant because the defendant does not meet the 
        requirements described in subsection (f)(1) (relating to 
        criminal history), the court may, upon prior notice to the 
        Government, waive subsection (f)(1) if the court specifies in 
        writing the specific reasons why reliable information indicates 
        that excluding the defendant pursuant to subsection (f)(1) 
        substantially overrepresents the seriousness of the defendant's 
        criminal history or the likelihood that the defendant will 
        commit other crimes.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Prohibition.--This subsection shall not 
        apply to any defendant who has been convicted of a serious drug 
        felony or a serious violent felony as defined in paragraphs 
        (57) and (58), respectively, of section 102 of the Controlled 
        Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(h) Definitions.--As used in this section--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the term `drug trafficking offense' means an 
        offense that is punishable by imprisonment under any law of the 
        United States, or of a State or foreign country, that prohibits 
        or restricts the importation, manufacture, or distribution of 
        controlled substances or the possession of controlled 
        substances with intent to distribute; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) the term `violent offense' means a `crime of 
        violence', as defined in section 16, that is punishable by 
        imprisonment.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply only to a conviction entered on or after the date of 
enactment of this Act.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 103. LIMITATION ON APPLICATION OF THE 10-YEAR MANDATORY 
              MINIMUM.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Amendment.--Section 3553 of title 18, United States 
Code, as amended by section 102, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(i) Limitation on Applicability of Certain Statutory 
Minimums.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the case of a 
conviction under section 401 or 406 of the Controlled Substances Act 
(21 U.S.C. 841 and 846) or section 1010 or 1013 of the Controlled 
Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 960 and 963) for which the 
statutory minimum term of imprisonment is 10 years, the court may 
impose a sentence as if the statutory minimum term of imprisonment was 
5 years, if the court finds at sentencing, after the Government has 
been afforded the opportunity to make a recommendation, that--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the defendant does not have a prior 
        conviction for a serious drug felony or serious violent felony 
        as defined in paragraphs (57) and (58), respectively, of 
        section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802) 
        that was made final prior to the commission of the instant 
        offense;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) the defendant did not use violence or 
        credible threats of violence or possess a firearm or other 
        dangerous weapon (or induce another participant to do so) in 
        connection with the offense, and the offense did not result in 
        death or serious bodily injury to any person;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) the defendant did not play an enhanced role 
        in the offense by acting as an organizer, leader, manager, or 
        supervisor of other participants in the offense, as determined 
        under the sentencing guidelines, or by exercising substantial 
        authority or control over the criminal activity of a criminal 
        organization, regardless of whether the defendant was a member 
        of such organization;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) the defendant did not act as an importer, 
        exporter, high-level distributor or supplier, wholesaler, or 
        manufacturer of the controlled substances involved in the 
        offense or engage in a continuing criminal enterprise, as 
        defined in section 408 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 
        U.S.C. 848);</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) the defendant did not distribute a 
        controlled substance to or with a person under 18 years of age; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) not later than the time of the sentencing 
        hearing, the defendant has truthfully provided to the 
        Government all information and evidence the defendant has 
        concerning the offense or offenses that were part of the same 
        course of conduct or of a common scheme or plan, but the fact 
        that the defendant has no relevant or useful other information 
        to provide or that the Government is already aware of the 
        information shall not preclude a determination by the court 
        that the defendant has complied with this 
        requirement.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(j) Definitions.--As used in subsection (i) of this 
section--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the term `importer, exporter, or high-level 
        distributor or supplier'--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) means a defendant who imported, 
                exported, or otherwise distributed or supplied large 
                quantities of a controlled substance to other drug 
                distributors; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) does not include a defendant whose 
                role was limited to transporting drugs or money at the 
                direction of others;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) the term `manufacturer' means a defendant 
        who grew, produced, or manufactured a controlled substance and 
        was the principal owner of such controlled substance; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) the term `wholesaler' means a defendant who 
        sold non-retail quantities of a controlled substance to other 
        dealers or distributors.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by this section 
shall apply only to a conviction entered on or after the date of 
enactment of this Act.</DELETED>

SEC. 104. CLARIFICATION OF SECTION 924(C) OF TITLE 18, UNITED STATES 
              CODE.

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Section 924(c)(1)(C) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
        striking ``second or subsequent conviction under this 
        subsection'' and inserting ``violation of this subsection that 
        occurs after a prior conviction under this subsection or under 
        State law for a crime of violence that contains as an element 
        of the offense the carrying, brandishing, or use of a firearm 
        has become final''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) in clause (i), by striking ``not less than 25 
        years'' and inserting ``not less than 15 years''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Applicability to Pending and Past Cases.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) Pending cases.--This section, and the 
        amendments made by this section, shall apply to any offense 
        that was committed before the date of enactment of this Act, if 
        a sentence for the offense has not been imposed as of such date 
        of enactment.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Past cases.--In the case of a defendant who, 
        before the date of enactment of this Act, was convicted of an 
        offense for which the penalty is amended by this section and 
        was sentenced to a term of imprisonment for the offense, the 
        sentencing court may, on motion of the defendant or the 
        Director of the Bureau of Prisons, or on its own motion, upon 
        prior notice to the Government, reduce the term of imprisonment 
        for the offense, after considering the factors set forth in 
        section 3553(a) of title 18, United States Code, the nature and 
        seriousness of the danger to any person or the community, and 
        the post-sentencing conduct of the defendant, if such a 
        reduction is consistent with this section and the amendments 
        made by this section.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 105. AMENDMENT TO CERTAIN PENALTIES FOR CERTAIN FIREARM 
              OFFENSES AND ARMED CAREER CRIMINAL PROVISION.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Amendments.--Section 924 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``not more 
        than 10 years'' and inserting ``not more than 15 years''; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``not less 
        than 15 years'' and inserting ``not less than 10 
        years''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Applicability to Pending and Past Cases.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) Pending cases.--This section, and the 
        amendments made by this section, shall apply to any offense 
        that was committed before the date of enactment of this Act, if 
        a sentence for the offense has not been imposed as of such date 
        of enactment.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Past cases.--In the case of a defendant who, 
        before the date of enactment of this Act, was convicted of an 
        offense for which the penalty is amended by this section and 
        was sentenced to a term of imprisonment for the offense, the 
        sentencing court may, on motion of the defendant or the 
        Director of the Bureau of Prisons, or on its own motion, upon 
        prior notice to the Government, reduce the term of imprisonment 
        for the offense, after considering the factors set forth in 
        section 3553(a) of title 18, United States Code, the nature and 
        seriousness of the danger to any person or the community, and 
        the post-sentencing conduct of the defendant, if such a 
        reduction is consistent with this section and the amendments 
        made by this section.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 106. APPLICATION OF FAIR SENTENCING ACT.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Definition of Covered Offense.--In this section, the 
term ``covered offense'' means a violation of a Federal criminal 
statute, the statutory penalties for which were modified by section 2 
or 3 of the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-220; 124 Stat. 
2372), that was committed before August 3, 2010.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Defendants Previously Sentenced.--A court that imposed 
a sentence for a covered offense, may, on motion of the defendant, the 
Director of the Bureau of Prisons, the attorney for the Government, or 
the court, impose a reduced sentence as if sections 2 and 3 of the Fair 
Sentencing Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-220; 124 Stat. 2372) were in 
effect at the time the covered offense was committed.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Limitations.--No court shall entertain a motion made 
under this section to reduce a sentence if the sentence was previously 
imposed or previously reduced in accordance with the amendments made by 
sections 2 and 3 of the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-
220; 124 Stat. 2372) or if a motion made under this section to reduce 
the sentence was previously denied. Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to require a court to reduce any sentence pursuant to this 
section.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 107. MANDATORY MINIMUM SENTENCES FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 
              OFFENSES.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    Section 2261(b) of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by striking paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) and inserting the 
following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) if death of the victim results--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) in the case of a violation of this 
                section, for any term of years not less than 10 or for 
                life; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) in the case of a violation of 
                section 2261A, for life or any term of years;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) if permanent disfigurement or life 
        threatening bodily injury to the victim results--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) in the case of a violation of this 
                section, for not more than 25 years; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) in the case of a violation of 
                section 2261A, for not more than 20 years;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) if serious bodily injury to the victim 
        results or if the offender uses a dangerous weapon during the 
        offense--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) in the case of a violation of this 
                section, for not more than 15 years; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) in the case of a violation of 
                section 2261A, for not more than 10 years;''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 108. MINIMUM TERM OF IMPRISONMENT FOR CERTAIN ACTS 
              RELATING TO THE PROVISION OF CONTROLLED GOODS OR SERVICES 
              TO TERRORISTS OR PROLIFERATORS OF WEAPONS OF MASS 
              DESTRUCTION.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    Section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers 
Act (50 U.S.C. 1705) is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``A person'' 
        and inserting ``Subject to subsection (d), a person''; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(d) Minimum Term of Imprisonment for Certain Acts 
Relating to the Provision of Controlled Goods or Services to Terrorists 
or Proliferators of Weapons of Mass Destruction.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--A person who willfully commits, 
        willfully attempts to commit, or willfully conspires to commit, 
        solicits the commission of, or aids or abets in the commission 
        of, an unlawful act described in paragraph (2) shall, upon 
        conviction, be imprisoned for a term of not less than 5 years. 
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a court shall not 
        place on probation any person sentenced under this 
        subsection.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Unlawful acts described.--An unlawful act 
        described in this paragraph is an unlawful act described in 
        subsection (a) that involves--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) the provision of controlled goods or 
                services to or for the use of--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) a state sponsor of 
                        terrorism;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) an organization designated 
                        as a foreign terrorist organization under 
                        section 219(a) of the Immigration and 
                        Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189(a)); 
                        or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) a person on the list of 
                        specially designated nationals and blocked 
                        persons maintained by the Office of Foreign 
                        Assets Control of the Department of the 
                        Treasury;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) the provision of goods or services, 
                without a license or other written approval of the 
                United States Government, to any person in connection 
                with a program or effort of a foreign country or 
                foreign person to develop weapons of mass destruction; 
                or</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) the provision of defense articles or 
                defense services, without a license or other written 
                approval of the Department of State, to, or for the use 
                of, a country subject to an arms embargo by the United 
                States.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Definitions.--In this subsection:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Controlled goods or services.--The 
                term `controlled goods or services' means any article, 
                item, technical data, service, or technology listed or 
                included in--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) the United States Munitions 
                        List maintained pursuant to part 121 of title 
                        22, Code of Federal Regulations;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) the Commerce Control List 
                        maintained pursuant to part 774 of title 15, 
                        Code of Federal Regulations; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) any successor to the 
                        United States Munitions List or the Commerce 
                        Control List.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Country subject to an arms 
                embargo.--The term `country subject to an arms embargo' 
                means any foreign country listed in section 126.1 of 
                title 22, Code of Federal Regulations (or any 
                corresponding similar regulation or ruling), for 
                which--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) an embargo or prohibition 
                        exists on the export of defense articles or 
                        defense services; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) the policy of the United 
                        States is to deny licenses and other approvals 
                        for the export of defense articles and defense 
                        services.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Defense article; defense service.--
                The terms `defense article' and `defense service' have 
                the meanings given those terms in section 47 of the 
                Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) State sponsor of terrorism.--The 
                term `state sponsor of terrorism' means any foreign 
                country, or political subdivision, agency, or 
                instrumentality of a foreign country, if the Secretary 
                of State has determined that the government of the 
                country has repeatedly provided support for acts of 
                international terrorism pursuant to--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) section 6(j)(1)(A) of the 
                        Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. 
                        App. 2405(j)(1)(A)) (as in effect pursuant to 
                        this Act);</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) section 40(d) of the Arms 
                        Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
                        2780(d));</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) section 620A(a) of the 
                        Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
                        2371(a)); or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) any other provision of 
                        law.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) Weapon of mass destruction.--The 
                term `weapon of mass destruction' has the meaning given 
                that term in section 2332a of title 18, United States 
                Code.''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 109. INVENTORY OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL OFFENSES.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Definitions.--In this section--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) the term ``criminal regulatory offense'' means 
        a Federal regulation that is enforceable by a criminal penalty; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) the term ``criminal statutory offense'' means 
        a criminal offense under a Federal statute.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Report on Criminal Statutory Offenses.--Not later than 
1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General 
shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the 
Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report, 
which shall include--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) a list of all criminal statutory offenses, 
        including a list of the elements for each criminal statutory 
        offense; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) for each criminal statutory offense listed 
        under paragraph (1)--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) the potential criminal penalty for the 
                criminal statutory offense;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) the number of prosecutions for the 
                criminal statutory offense brought by the Department of 
                Justice each year for the 15-year period preceding the 
                date of enactment of this Act; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) the mens rea requirement for the 
                criminal statutory offense.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Report on Criminal Regulatory Offenses.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the head of each Federal agency 
        described in paragraph (2) shall submit to the Committee on the 
        Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of 
        the House of Representatives a report, which shall include--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) a list of all criminal regulatory 
                offenses enforceable by the agency; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) for each criminal regulatory offense 
                listed under subparagraph (A)--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) the potential criminal penalty 
                        for a violation of the criminal regulatory 
                        offense;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) the number of violations of 
                        the criminal regulatory offense referred to the 
                        Department of Justice for prosecution in each 
                        of the years during the 15-year period 
                        preceding the date of enactment of this Act; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iii) the mens rea requirement for 
                        the criminal regulatory offense.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Agencies described.--The Federal agencies 
        described in this paragraph are the Department of Agriculture, 
        the Department of Commerce, the Department of Education, the 
        Department of Energy, the Department of Health and Human 
        Services, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department 
        of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of the 
        Interior, the Department of Labor, the Department of 
        Transportation, the Department of the Treasury, the Commodity 
        Futures Trading Commission, the Consumer Product Safety 
        Commission, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the 
        Export-Import Bank of the United States, the Farm Credit 
        Administration, the Federal Communications Commission, the 
        Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Election 
        Commission, the Federal Labor Relations Authority, the Federal 
        Maritime Commission, the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review 
        Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, the National Labor 
        Relations Board, the National Transportation Safety Board, the 
        Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Occupational Safety and 
        Health Review Commission, the Office of Compliance, the Postal 
        Regulatory Commission, the Securities and Exchange Commission, 
        the Securities Investor Protection Corporation, the 
        Environmental Protection Agency, the Small Business 
        Administration, the Federal Housing Finance Agency, and the 
        Office of Government Ethics.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (d) Index.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) the Attorney General shall establish a 
        publically accessible index of each criminal statutory offense 
        listed in the report required under subsection (b) and make the 
        index available and freely accessible on the website of the 
        Department of Justice; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) the head of each agency described in 
        subsection (c)(2) shall establish a publically accessible index 
        of each criminal regulatory offense listed in the report 
        required under subsection (c)(1) and make the index available 
        and freely accessible on the website of the agency.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed to require or authorize appropriations.</DELETED>

              <DELETED>TITLE II--CORRECTIONS ACT</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    This title may be cited as the ``Corrections Oversight, 
Recidivism Reduction, and Eliminating Costs for Taxpayers In Our 
National System Act of 2015'' or the ``CORRECTIONS Act''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 202. RECIDIVISM REDUCTION PROGRAMMING AND PRODUCTIVE 
              ACTIVITIES.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) conduct a review of recidivism reduction 
        programming and productive activities, including prison jobs, 
        offered in correctional institutions, including programming and 
        activities offered in State correctional institutions, which 
        shall include a review of research on the effectiveness of such 
        programs;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) conduct a survey to identify products, 
        including products purchased by Federal agencies, that are 
        currently manufactured overseas and could be manufactured by 
        prisoners participating in a prison work program without 
        reducing job opportunities for other workers in the United 
        States; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) submit to the Committee on the Judiciary and 
        the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee 
        on the Judiciary and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
        House of Representatives a strategic plan for the expansion of 
        recidivism reduction programming and productive activities, 
        including prison jobs, in Bureau of Prisons facilities required 
        by section 3621(h)(1) of title 18, United States Code, as added 
        by subsection (b).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Amendment.--Section 3621 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(h) Recidivism Reduction Programming and Productive 
Activities.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--The Director of the Bureau of 
        Prisons, shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, 
        make available to all eligible prisoners appropriate recidivism 
        reduction programming or productive activities, including 
        prison jobs, in accordance with paragraph (2).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Expansion period.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this 
                subsection, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall 
                have 6 years beginning on the date of enactment of this 
                subsection to ensure appropriate recidivism reduction 
                programming and productive activities, including prison 
                jobs, are available for all eligible 
                prisoners.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Certification.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--The National 
                        Institute of Corrections shall evaluate all 
                        recidivism reduction programming or productive 
                        activities that are made available to eligible 
                        prisoners and determine whether such 
                        programming or activities may be certified as 
                        evidence-based and effective at reducing or 
                        mitigating offender risk and 
                        recidivism.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Considerations.--In 
                        determining whether or not to issue a 
                        certification under clause (i), the National 
                        Institute of Corrections shall consult with 
                        internal or external program evaluation 
                        experts, including the Office of Management and 
                        Budget and the Comptroller General of the 
                        United States to identify appropriate 
                        evaluation methodologies for each type of 
                        program offered, and may use analyses of 
                        similar programs conducted in other 
                        correctional settings.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Recidivism reduction partnerships.--Not 
        later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this 
        subsection, the Attorney General shall issue regulations 
        requiring the official in charge of each correctional facility 
        to ensure, subject to the availability of appropriations, that 
        appropriate recidivism reduction programming and productive 
        activities, including prison jobs, are available for all 
        eligible prisoners within the time period specified in 
        paragraph (2), by entering into partnerships with the 
        following:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Nonprofit and other private 
                organizations, including faith-based and community-
                based organizations, that provide recidivism reduction 
                programming, on a paid or volunteer basis.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Educational institutions that will 
                deliver academic classes in Bureau of Prisons 
                facilities, on a paid or volunteer basis.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Private entities that will, on a 
                volunteer basis--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) deliver occupational and 
                        vocational training and certifications in 
                        Bureau of Prisons facilities;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) provide equipment to 
                        facilitate occupational and vocational training 
                        or employment opportunities for 
                        prisoners;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) employ prisoners; 
                        or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) assist prisoners in 
                        prerelease custody or supervised release in 
                        finding employment.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Industry-sponsored organizations 
                that deliver workforce development and training that 
                lead to recognized certification and 
                employment.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Assignments.--In assigning prisoners to 
        recidivism reduction programming and productive activities, the 
        Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall use the Post-Sentencing 
        Risk and Needs Assessment System described in section 3621A and 
        shall ensure that--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) to the extent practicable, prisoners 
                are separated from prisoners of other risk 
                classifications in accordance with best practices for 
                effective recidivism reduction;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) a prisoner who has been classified 
                as low risk and without need for recidivism reduction 
                programming shall participate in and successfully 
                complete productive activities, including prison jobs, 
                in order to maintain a low-risk 
                classification;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) a prisoner who has successfully 
                completed all recidivism reduction programming to which 
                the prisoner was assigned shall participate in 
                productive activities, including a prison job; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) to the extent practicable, each 
                eligible prisoner shall participate in and successfully 
                complete recidivism reduction programming or productive 
                activities, including prison jobs, throughout the 
                entire term of incarceration of the prisoner.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) Mentoring services.--Any person who provided 
        mentoring services to a prisoner while the prisoner was in a 
        penal or correctional facility of the Bureau of Prisons shall 
        be permitted to continue such services after the prisoner has 
        been transferred into prerelease custody, unless the person in 
        charge of the penal or correctional facility of the Bureau of 
        Prisons demonstrates, in a written document submitted to the 
        person, that such services would be a significant security risk 
        to the prisoner, persons who provide such services, or any 
        other person.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) Recidivism reduction program incentives and 
        rewards.--Prisoners who have successfully completed recidivism 
        reduction programs and productive activities shall be eligible 
        for the following:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Time credits.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--Subject to 
                        clauses (ii) and (iii), a prisoner who has 
                        successfully completed a recidivism reduction 
                        program or productive activity that has been 
                        certified under paragraph (2)(B) shall receive 
                        time credits of 5 days for each period of 30 
                        days of successful completion of such program 
                        or activity. A prisoner who is classified as 
                        low risk shall receive additional time credits 
                        of 5 days for each period of 30 days of 
                        successful completion of such program or 
                        activity.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Availability.--A prisoner 
                        may not receive time credits under this 
                        subparagraph for successfully completing a 
                        recidivism reduction program or productive 
                        activity--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) before the date of 
                                enactment of this subsection; 
                                or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) during official 
                                detention before the date on which the 
                                prisoner's sentence commences under 
                                section 3585(a).</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) Exclusions.--No credit 
                        shall be awarded under this subparagraph to a 
                        prisoner serving a sentence for a second or 
                        subsequent conviction for a Federal offense 
                        imposed after the date on which the prisoner's 
                        first such conviction became final, which shall 
                        not include any offense under section 1152 or 
                        section 1153 for which the prisoner was 
                        sentenced to less than 13 months. No credit 
                        shall be awarded under this subparagraph to a 
                        prisoner with 13 or more criminal history 
                        points, as determined under the sentencing 
                        guidelines, at the time of sentencing, unless 
                        the court determines in writing at sentencing 
                        that the defendant's criminal history category 
                        substantially overrepresents the seriousness of 
                        the defendant's criminal history or the 
                        likelihood that the defendant will commit other 
                        crimes. No credit shall be awarded under this 
                        subparagraph to any prisoner serving a sentence 
                        of imprisonment for conviction for any of the 
                        following offenses:</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) A Federal crime of 
                                terrorism, as defined under section 
                                2332b(g)(5).</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) A Federal crime of 
                                violence, as defined under section 
                                16.</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(III) A Federal sex 
                                offense, as described in section 111 of 
                                the Sex Offender Registration and 
                                Notification Act (42 U.S.C. 
                                16911).</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(IV) Engaging in a 
                                continuing criminal enterprise, as 
                                defined in section 408 of the 
                                Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 
                                848).</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(V) A Federal fraud 
                                offense for which the prisoner received 
                                a sentence of imprisonment of more than 
                                15 years.</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(VI) A Federal crime 
                                involving child exploitation, as 
                                defined in section 2 of the PROTECT Our 
                                Children Act of 2008 (42 U.S.C. 
                                17601).</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(VII) A violation of--
                                </DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(aa) chapter 11 
                                        (relating to bribery, graft, 
                                        and conflicts of 
                                        interest);</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(bb) chapter 29 
                                        (relating to elections and 
                                        political 
                                        activities);</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(cc) section 
                                        1028A, 1031, or 1040 (relating 
                                        to fraud);</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(dd) chapter 63 
                                        involving a scheme or artifice 
                                        to deprive another of the 
                                        intangible right of honest 
                                        services;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(ee) chapter 73 
                                        (relating to obstruction of 
                                        justice);</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(ff) chapter 95 
                                        or 96 (relating to racketeering 
                                        and racketeer influenced and 
                                        corrupt organizations); 
                                        or</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(gg) chapter 110 
                                        (relating to sexual 
                                        exploitation and other abuse of 
                                        children).</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) Identification of covered 
                        offenses.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                        of enactment of this subsection, the United 
                        States Sentencing Commission shall prepare and 
                        submit to the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
                        a list of all Federal offenses described in 
                        subclauses (I) through (VII) of clause (iii), 
                        and shall update such list on an annual 
                        basis.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Other incentives.--The Bureau of 
                Prisons shall develop policies to provide appropriate 
                incentives for successful completion of recidivism 
                reduction programming and productive activities, other 
                than time credit pursuant to subparagraph (A), 
                including incentives for prisoners who are precluded 
                from earning credit under subparagraph (A)(iii). Such 
                incentives may include additional telephone or 
                visitation privileges for use with family, close 
                friends, mentors, and religious leaders.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Penalties.--The Bureau of Prisons 
                may reduce rewards a prisoner has previously earned 
                under subparagraph (A) for prisoners who violate the 
                rules of the penal or correctional facility in which 
                the prisoner is imprisoned, a recidivism reduction 
                program, or a productive activity.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Relation to other incentive 
                programs.--The incentives described in this paragraph 
                shall be in addition to any other rewards or incentives 
                for which a prisoner may be eligible, except that a 
                prisoner shall not be eligible for the time credits 
                described in subparagraph (A) if the prisoner has 
                accrued time credits under another provision of law 
                based solely upon participation in, or successful 
                completion of, such program.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(7) Successful completion.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, a prisoner--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) shall be considered to have 
                successfully completed a recidivism reduction program 
                or productive activity, if the Bureau of Prisons 
                determines that the prisoner--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) regularly attended and 
                        participated in the recidivism reduction 
                        program or productive activity;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) regularly completed 
                        assignments or tasks in a manner that allowed 
                        the prisoner to realize the criminogenic 
                        benefits of the recidivism reduction program or 
                        productive activity;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) did not regularly engage 
                        in disruptive behavior that seriously 
                        undermined the administration of the recidivism 
                        reduction program or productive activity; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) satisfied the requirements 
                        of clauses (i) through (iii) for a time period 
                        that is not less than 30 days and allowed the 
                        prisoner to realize the criminogenic benefits 
                        of the recidivism reduction program or 
                        productive activity; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) for purposes of paragraph (6)(A), 
                may be given credit for successful completion of a 
                recidivism reduction program or productive activity for 
                the time period during which the prisoner participated 
                in such program or activity if the prisoner satisfied 
                the requirements of subparagraph (A) during such time 
                period, notwithstanding that the prisoner continues to 
                participate in such program or activity.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(8) Definitions.--In this subsection:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Eligible prisoner.--For purposes of 
                this subsection, the term `eligible prisoner'--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) means a prisoner serving a 
                        sentence of incarceration for conviction of a 
                        Federal offense; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) does not include any 
                        prisoner who the Bureau of Prisons determines--
                        </DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) is medically unable 
                                to successfully complete recidivism 
                                reduction programming or productive 
                                activities;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) would present a 
                                security risk if permitted to 
                                participate in recidivism reduction 
                                programming; or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(III) is serving a 
                                sentence of incarceration of less than 
                                1 month.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Productive activity.--The term 
                `productive activity'--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) means a group or individual 
                        activity, including holding a job as part of a 
                        prison work program, that is designed to allow 
                        prisoners classified as having a lower risk of 
                        recidivism to maintain such classification, 
                        when offered to such prisoners; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) may include the delivery of 
                        the activities described in subparagraph 
                        (C)(i)(II) to other prisoners.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Recidivism reduction program.--The 
                term `recidivism reduction program' means--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) a group or individual 
                        activity that--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) has been certified 
                                to reduce recidivism or promote 
                                successful reentry; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) may include--
                                </DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(aa) classes on 
                                        social learning and life 
                                        skills;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(bb) classes on 
                                        morals or ethics;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(cc) academic 
                                        classes;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(dd) cognitive 
                                        behavioral treatment;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(ee) 
                                        mentoring;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(ff) 
                                        occupational and vocational 
                                        training;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(gg) faith-based 
                                        classes or services;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(hh) domestic 
                                        violence education and 
                                        deterrence 
                                        programming;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) victim-
                                        impact classes or other 
                                        restorative justice 
                                        programs;</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(jj) industry-
                                        sponsored workforce 
                                        development, education, or 
                                        training; and</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(kk) a prison 
                                        job; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) shall include--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) a productive 
                                activity; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) recovery 
                                programming.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Recovery programming.--The term 
                `recovery programming' means a course of instruction or 
                activities, other than a course described in subsection 
                (e), that has been demonstrated to reduce drug or 
                alcohol abuse or dependence among participants, or to 
                promote recovery among individuals who have previously 
                abused alcohol or drugs, to include appropriate 
                medication-assisted treatment.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) No Consideration of Earned Time Credit Eligibility 
During Sentencing.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) In general.--Section 3553 of title 18, United 
        States Code, as amended by sections 102 and 103 of this Act, is 
        amended--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) by redesignating subsections (b) 
                through (j) as subsections (c) through (k), 
                respectively;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) in subsection (e)(3), as so 
                redesignated, by striking ``subsection (c)'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (d)''; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
                following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) In imposing a sentence, the court shall not consider 
the defendant's eligibility or potential eligibility for credit under 
section 3621(e), 3621(h), or 3624(b) or any similar provision of 
law.''.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Technical and conforming amendments.--Section 
        3742 of title 18, United States Code, is amended--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) in subsection (e)(3)--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``section 3553(c)'' and inserting 
                        ``section 3553(d)'';</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by 
                        striking ``section 3553(b)'' and inserting 
                        ``section 3553(c)''; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iii) in subparagraph (C), by 
                        striking ``section 3553(c)'' and inserting 
                        ``section 3553(d)'';</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) in subsection (g)(2), by striking 
                ``section 3553(c)'' and inserting ``section 3553(d)''; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) in subsection (j)(1)(B), by striking 
                ``section 3553(b)'' and inserting ``section 
                3553(c)''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 203. POST-SENTENCING RISK AND NEEDS ASSESSMENT 
              SYSTEM.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Subchapter C of chapter 229 of title 18, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 3621 the 
following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 3621A. Post-sentencing risk and needs assessment 
              system</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 30 months after the date 
of the enactment of this section, the Attorney General shall develop 
for use by the Bureau of Prisons an offender risk and needs assessment 
system, to be known as the `Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment 
System' or the `Assessment System', which shall--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) assess and determine the recidivism risk 
        level of all prisoners and classify each prisoner as having a 
        low, moderate, or high risk of recidivism;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) to the extent practicable, assess and 
        determine the risk of violence of all prisoners;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) ensure that, to the extent practicable, low-
        risk prisoners are grouped together in housing and assignment 
        decisions;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) assign each prisoner to appropriate 
        recidivism reduction programs or productive activities based on 
        the prisoner's risk level and the specific criminogenic needs 
        of the prisoner, and in accordance with section 
        3621(h)(4);</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) reassess and update the recidivism risk 
        level and programmatic needs of each prisoner pursuant to the 
        schedule set forth in subsection (c)(2), and assess changes in 
        the prisoner's recidivism risk within a particular risk level; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) provide information on best practices 
        concerning the tailoring of recidivism reduction programs to 
        the specific criminogenic needs of each prisoner so as to 
        effectively lower the prisoner's risk of 
        recidivating.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Development of System.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--In designing the Assessment 
        System, the Attorney General shall--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) use available research and best 
                practices in the field and consult with academic and 
                other criminal justice experts as 
                appropriate;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) ensure that the Assessment System 
                measures indicators of progress and improvement, and of 
                regression, including newly acquired skills, attitude, 
                and behavior changes over time, through meaningful 
                consideration of dynamic risk factors, such that--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) all prisoners at each risk 
                        level other than low risk have a meaningful 
                        opportunity to progress to a lower risk 
                        classification during the period of the 
                        incarceration of the prisoner through changes 
                        in dynamic risk factors; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) all prisoners on prerelease 
                        custody, other than prisoners classified as low 
                        risk, have a meaningful opportunity to progress 
                        to a lower risk classification during such 
                        custody through changes in dynamic risk 
                        factors;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) ensure that the Assessment System is 
                adjusted on a regular basis, but not less frequently 
                than every 3 years, to take account of the best 
                statistical evidence of effectiveness in reducing 
                recidivism rates; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) ensure that the Assessment System 
                does not result in unwarranted disparities, including 
                by--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) regularly evaluating rates 
                        of recidivism among similarly classified 
                        prisoners to identify any unwarranted 
                        disparities in such rates, including 
                        disparities among similarly classified 
                        prisoners of different racial groups; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) adjusting the Assessment 
                        System to reduce such disparities to the 
                        greatest extent possible.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Risk and needs assessment tools.--In 
        carrying out this subsection, the Attorney General shall--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) develop a suitable intake assessment 
                tool to perform the initial assessments and 
                determinations described in subsection (a)(1), and to 
                make the assignments described in subsection 
                (a)(3);</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) develop a suitable reassessment tool 
                to perform the reassessments and updates described in 
                subsection (a)(4); and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) develop a suitable tool to assess 
                the recidivism risk level of prisoners in prerelease 
                custody.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Use of existing risk and needs assessment 
        tools permitted.--In carrying out this subsection, the Attorney 
        General may use existing risk and needs assessment tools, as 
        appropriate, for the assessment tools required under paragraph 
        (2).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Use of presentence report.--In carrying out 
        this subsection, the Attorney General shall coordinate with the 
        United States Probation and Pretrial Services to ensure that 
        the findings of the Presentence Report of each offender are 
        available and considered in the Assessment System.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) Validation.--In carrying out this 
        subsection, the Attorney General shall statistically validate 
        the risk and needs assessment tools on the Federal prison 
        population, or ensure that the tools have been so validated. To 
        the extent such validation cannot be completed with the time 
        period specified in subsection (a), the Attorney General shall 
        ensure that such validation is completed as soon as is 
        practicable.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) Relationship with existing classification 
        systems.--The Bureau of Prisons may incorporate its existing 
        Inmate Classification System into the Assessment System if the 
        Assessment System assesses the risk level and criminogenic 
        needs of each prisoner and determines the appropriate security 
        level institution for each prisoner. Before the development of 
        the Assessment System, the Bureau of Prisons may use the 
        existing Inmate Classification System, or a pre-existing risk 
        and needs assessment tool that can be used to classify 
        prisoners consistent with subsection (a)(1), or can be 
        reasonably adapted for such purpose, for purposes of this 
        section, section 3621(h), and section 3624(c).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(c) Risk Assessment.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Initial assessments.--Not later than 30 
        months after the date on which the Attorney General develops 
        the Assessment System, the Bureau of Prisons shall determine 
        the risk level of each prisoner using the Assessment 
        System.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Reassessments and updates.--The Bureau of 
        Prisons shall update the assessment of each prisoner required 
        under paragraph (1)--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) not less frequently than once each 
                year for any prisoner whose anticipated release date is 
                within 3 years;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) not less frequently than once every 
                2 years for any prisoner whose anticipated release date 
                is within 10 years; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) not less frequently than once every 
                3 years for any other prisoner.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(d) Assignment of Recidivism Reduction Programs or 
Productive Activities.--The Assessment System shall provide guidance on 
the kind and amount of recidivism reduction programming or productive 
activities appropriate for each prisoner.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(e) Bureau of Prisons Training.--The Attorney General 
shall develop training protocols and programs for Bureau of Prisons 
officials and employees responsible for administering the Assessment 
System. Such training protocols shall include a requirement that 
personnel of the Bureau of Prisons demonstrate competence in using the 
methodology and procedure developed under this section on a regular 
basis.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(f) Information From Presentence Report.--The Attorney 
General shall ensure that the Bureau of Prisons uses relevant 
information from the Presentence Report of each offenders when 
conducting an assessment under this section.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(g) Quality Assurance.--In order to ensure that the 
Bureau of Prisons is using the Assessment System in an appropriate and 
consistent manner, the Attorney General shall monitor and assess the 
use of the Assessment System and shall conduct periodic audits of the 
use of the Assessment System at facilities of the Bureau of 
Prisons.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(h) Determinations and Classifications Unreviewable.--
Subject to any constitutional limitations, there shall be no right of 
review, right of appeal, cognizable property interest, or cause of 
action, either administrative or judicial, arising from any 
determination or classification made by any Federal agency or employee 
while implementing or administering the Assessment System, or any rules 
or regulations promulgated under this section.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Dynamic risk factor.--The term `dynamic risk 
        factor' means a characteristic or attribute that has been shown 
        to be relevant to assessing risk of recidivism and that can be 
        modified based on a prisoner's actions, behaviors, or 
        attitudes, including through completion of appropriate 
        programming or other means, in a prison setting.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Recidivism risk.--The term `recidivism risk' 
        means the likelihood that a prisoner will commit additional 
        crimes for which the prisoner could be prosecuted in a Federal, 
        State, or local court in the United States.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Recidivism reduction program; productive 
        activity; recovery programming.--The terms `recidivism 
        reduction program', `productive activity', and `recovery 
        programming' shall have the meaning given such terms in section 
        3621(h)(8).''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of 
sections for subchapter C of chapter 229 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 3621 
the following:</DELETED>

<DELETED>``3621A. Post-sentencing risk and needs assessment system.''.

<DELETED>SEC. 204. PRERELEASE CUSTODY.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Section 3624(c) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in paragraph (1), by striking the period at 
        the end of the second sentence and inserting ``or home 
        confinement, subject to the limitation that no prisoner may 
        serve more than 10 percent of the prisoner's imposed sentence 
        in home confinement pursuant to this paragraph.'';</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and 
        inserting the following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Credit for recidivism reduction.--In 
        addition to any time spent in prerelease custody pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), a prisoner shall spend an additional portion of 
        the final months of the prisoner's sentence, equivalent to the 
        amount of time credit the prisoner has earned pursuant to 
        section 3621(h)(6)(A), in prerelease custody, if--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) the prisoner's most recent risk and 
                needs assessment, conducted within 1 year of the date 
                on which the prisoner would first be eligible for 
                transfer to prerelease custody pursuant to paragraph 
                (1) and this paragraph, reflects that the prisoner is 
                classified as low or moderate risk; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) for a prisoner classified as 
                moderate risk, the prisoner's most recent risk and 
                needs assessment reflects that the prisoner's risk of 
                recidivism has declined during the period of the 
                prisoner's incarceration.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Types of prerelease custody.--A prisoner 
        eligible to serve a portion of the prisoner's sentence in 
        prerelease custody pursuant to paragraph (2) may serve such 
        portion in a residential reentry center, on home confinement, 
        or, subject to paragraph (5), on community 
        supervision.'';</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (9) through (11), respectively;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (4) by inserting the following after paragraph 
        (3):</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Home confinement.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--Upon placement in home 
                confinement pursuant to paragraph (2), a prisoner 
                shall--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) be subject to 24-hour 
                        electronic monitoring that enables the prompt 
                        identification of any violation of clause 
                        (ii);</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) remain in the prisoner's 
                        residence, with the exception of the following 
                        activities, subject to approval by the Director 
                        of the Bureau of Prisons--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) participation in a 
                                job, job-seeking activities, or job-
                                related activities, including an 
                                apprenticeship;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) participation in 
                                recidivism reduction programming or 
                                productive activities assigned by the 
                                Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs 
                                Assessment System, or similar 
                                activities approved in advance by the 
                                Director of the Bureau of 
                                Prisons;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(III) participation in 
                                community service;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(IV) crime victim 
                                restoration activities;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(V) medical treatment; 
                                or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(VI) religious 
                                activities; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) comply with such other 
                        conditions as the Director of the Bureau of 
                        Prisons deems appropriate.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Alternative means of monitoring.--If 
                compliance with subparagraph (A)(i) is infeasible due 
                to technical limitations or religious considerations, 
                the Director of the Bureau of Prisons may employ 
                alternative means of monitoring that are determined to 
                be as effective or more effective than electronic 
                monitoring.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Modifications.--The Director of the 
                Bureau of Prisons may modify the conditions of the 
                prisoner's home confinement for compelling reasons, if 
                the prisoner's record demonstrates exemplary compliance 
                with such conditions.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) Community supervision.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Time credit less than 36 months.--
                Any prisoner described in subparagraph (D) who has 
                earned time credit of less than 36 months pursuant to 
                section 3621(h)(6)(A) shall be eligible to serve no 
                more than one-half of the amount of such credit on 
                community supervision, if the prisoner satisfies the 
                conditions set forth in subparagraph (C).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Time credit of 36 months or more.--
                Any prisoner described in subparagraph (D) who has 
                earned time credit of 36 months or more pursuant to 
                section 3621(h)(6)(A) shall be eligible to serve the 
                amount of such credit exceeding 18 months on community 
                supervision, if the prisoner satisfies the conditions 
                set forth in subparagraph (C).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Conditions of community 
                supervision.--A prisoner placed on community 
                supervision shall be subject to such conditions as the 
                Director of the Bureau of Prisons deems appropriate. A 
                prisoner on community supervision may remain on 
                community supervision until the conclusion of the 
                prisoner's sentence of incarceration if the prisoner--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) complies with all conditions 
                        of prerelease custody;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) remains current on any 
                        financial obligations imposed as part of the 
                        prisoner's sentence, including payments of 
                        court-ordered restitution arising from the 
                        offense of conviction; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) refrains from committing 
                        any State, local, or Federal offense.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Covered prisoners.--A prisoner 
                described in this subparagraph is a prisoner who--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) is classified as low risk by 
                        the Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment 
                        System in the assessment conducted for purposes 
                        of paragraph (2); or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) is subsequently classified 
                        as low risk by the Post-Sentencing Risk and 
                        Needs Assessment System.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) Violations.--If a prisoner violates a 
        condition of the prisoner's prerelease custody, the Director of 
        the Bureau of Prisons may revoke the prisoner's prerelease 
        custody and require the prisoner to serve the remainder of the 
        prisoner's term of incarceration, or any portion thereof, in 
        prison, or impose additional conditions on the prisoner's 
        prerelease custody as the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        deems appropriate. If the violation is nontechnical in nature, 
        the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall revoke the 
        prisoner's prerelease custody.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(7) Credit for prerelease custody.--Upon 
        completion of a prisoner's sentence, any term of supervised 
        release imposed on the prisoner shall be reduced by the amount 
        of time the prisoner served in prerelease custody pursuant to 
        paragraph (2).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(8) Agreements with united states probation and 
        pretrial services.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        shall, to the greatest extent practicable, enter into 
        agreements with the United States Probation and Pretrial 
        Services to supervise prisoners placed in home confinement or 
        community supervision under this subsection. Such agreements 
        shall authorize United States Probation and Pretrial Services 
        to exercise the authority granted to the Director of the Bureau 
        of Prisons pursuant to paragraphs (4), (5), and (12). Such 
        agreements shall take into account the resource requirements of 
        United States Probation and Pretrial Services as a result of 
        the transfer of Bureau of Prisons inmates to prerelease custody 
        and shall provide for the transfer of monetary sums necessary 
        to comply with such requirements. United States Probation and 
        Pretrial Services shall, to the greatest extent practicable, 
        offer assistance to any prisoner not under its supervision 
        during prerelease custody under this subsection.''; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (5) by inserting at the end the 
        following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(12) Determination of appropriate conditions for 
        prerelease custody.--In determining appropriate conditions for 
        prerelease custody pursuant to this subsection, and in 
        accordance with paragraph (5), the Director of the Bureau of 
        Prisons shall, to the extent practicable, subject prisoners who 
        demonstrate continued compliance with the requirements of such 
        prerelease custody to increasingly less restrictive conditions, 
        so as to most effectively prepare such prisoners for reentry. 
        No prisoner shall be transferred to community supervision 
        unless the length of the prisoner's eligibility for community 
        supervision pursuant to paragraph (5) is equivalent to or 
        greater than the length of the prisoner's remaining period of 
        prerelease custody.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(13) Aliens subject to deportation.--If the 
        prisoner is an alien whose deportation was ordered as a 
        condition of supervised release or who is subject to a detainer 
        filed by Immigration and Customs Enforcement for the purposes 
        of determining the alien's deportability, the Director of the 
        Bureau of Prisons shall, upon the prisoner's transfer to 
        prerelease custody pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), deliver 
        the prisoner to United States Immigration and Customs 
        Enforcement for the purpose of conducting proceedings relating 
        to the alien's deportation.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(14) Notice of transfer to prerelease custody.--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--The Director of the 
                Bureau of Prisons may not transfer a prisoner to 
                prerelease custody pursuant to paragraph (2) if the 
                prisoner has been sentenced to a term of incarceration 
                of more than 3 years, unless the Director of the Bureau 
                of Prisons provides prior notice to the sentencing 
                court and the United States Attorney's Office for the 
                district in which the prisoner was sentenced.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Time requirement.--The notice 
                required under subparagraph (A) shall be provided not 
                later than 6 months before the date on which the 
                prisoner is to be transferred.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Contents of notice.--The notice 
                required under subparagraph (A) shall include the 
                following information:</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) The amount of credit earned 
                        pursuant to paragraph (2).</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) The anticipated date of the 
                        prisoner's transfer.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) The nature of the 
                        prisoner's planned prerelease 
                        custody.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) The prisoner's behavioral 
                        record.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(v) The most recent risk 
                        assessment of the prisoner.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Hearing.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--On motion of 
                        the Government, the sentencing court may 
                        conduct a hearing on the prisoner's transfer to 
                        prerelease custody.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Prisoner's presence.--The 
                        prisoner shall have the right to be present at 
                        a hearing described in clause (i), unless the 
                        prisoner waives such right. The requirement 
                        under this clause may be satisfied by the 
                        defendant appearing by video 
                        teleconference.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) Motion.--A motion filed by 
                        the Government seeking a hearing--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) shall set forth the 
                                basis for the Government's request that 
                                the prisoner's transfer be denied or 
                                modified pursuant to subparagraph (E); 
                                and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) shall not require 
                                the Court to conduct a hearing 
                                described in clause (i).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) Determination of the court.--The 
                court may deny the transfer of the prisoner to 
                prerelease custody or modify the terms of such 
                transfer, if, after conducting a hearing pursuant to 
                subparagraph (D), the court finds in writing, by a 
                preponderance of the evidence, that the transfer of the 
                prisoner is inconsistent with the factors specified in 
                paragraphs (2), (6), and (7) of section 
                3553(a).''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section 
shall take effect 1 year after the date of enactment of this 
Act.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 205. REPORTS.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Annual Reports.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, and every year thereafter, the 
        Attorney General, in coordination with the Comptroller General 
        of the United States, shall submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report that contains the 
        following:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) A summary of the activities and 
                accomplishments of the Attorney General in carrying out 
                this title and the amendments made by this 
                title.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) An assessment of the status and use of 
                the Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment System by 
                the Bureau of Prisons, including the number of 
                prisoners classified at each risk level under the Post-
                Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment System at each 
                facility of the Bureau of Prisons.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) A summary and assessment of the types 
                and effectiveness of the recidivism reduction programs 
                and productive activities in facilities operated by the 
                Bureau of Prisons, including--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) evidence about which programs 
                        and activities have been shown to reduce 
                        recidivism;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) the capacity of each program 
                        and activity at each facility, including the 
                        number of prisoners along with the risk level 
                        of each prisoner enrolled in each program and 
                        activity; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iii) identification of any 
                        problems or shortages in capacity of such 
                        programs and activities, and how these should 
                        be remedied.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (D) An assessment of budgetary savings 
                resulting from this title and the amendments made by 
                this title, to include--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) a summary of the amount of 
                        savings resulting from the transfer of 
                        prisoners into prerelease custody under this 
                        title and the amendments made by this title, 
                        including savings resulting from the avoidance 
                        or deferral of future construction, 
                        acquisition, or operations costs;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) a summary of the amount of 
                        savings resulting from any decrease in 
                        recidivism that may be attributed to the 
                        implementation of the Post-Sentencing Risk and 
                        Needs Assessment System or the increase in 
                        recidivism reduction programs and productive 
                        activities required by this title and the 
                        amendments made by this title; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iii) a strategy to reinvest such 
                        savings into other Federal, State, and local 
                        law enforcement activities and expansions of 
                        recidivism reduction programs and productive 
                        activities in the Bureau of Prisons.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Reinvestment of savings to fund public safety 
        programming.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) In general.--Beginning in the first 
                fiscal year after the first report is submitted under 
                paragraph (1), and every fiscal year thereafter, the 
                Attorney General shall--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) determine the covered amount 
                        for the previous fiscal year in accordance with 
                        subparagraph (B); and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) use an amount of funds 
                        appropriated to the Department of Justice that 
                        is not less than 90 percent of the covered 
                        amount for the purposes described in 
                        subparagraph (C).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) Covered amount.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph, the term ``covered amount'' means, using the 
                most recent report submitted under paragraph (1), the 
                amount equal to the sum of the amount described in 
                paragraph (1)(D)(i) for the fiscal year and the amount 
                described in paragraph (1)(D)(ii) for the fiscal 
                year.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) Use of funds.--The funds described in 
                subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be used, consistent with 
                paragraph (1)(D)(iii), to--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) ensure that, not later than 6 
                        years after the date of enactment of this Act, 
                        recidivism reduction programs or productive 
                        activities are available to all eligible 
                        prisoners;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) ensure compliance with the 
                        resource needs of United States Probation and 
                        Pretrial Services resulting from an agreement 
                        under section 3624(c)(8) of title 18, United 
                        States Code, as added by this title; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iii) supplement funding for 
                        programs that increase public safety by 
                        providing resources to State and local law 
                        enforcement officials, including for the 
                        adoption of innovative technologies and 
                        information sharing capabilities.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Prison Work Programs Report.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall 
submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the status 
of prison work programs at facilities operated by the Bureau of 
Prisons, including--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) a strategy to expand the availability of such 
        programs without reducing job opportunities for workers in the 
        United States who are not in the custody of the Bureau of 
        Prisons;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) an assessment of the feasibility of expanding 
        such programs, consistent with the strategy required under 
        paragraph (1), so that, not later than 5 years after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, not less than 75 percent of eligible 
        low-risk offenders have the opportunity to participate in a 
        prison work program for not less than 20 hours per week; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) a detailed discussion of legal authorities 
        that would be useful or necessary to achieve the goals 
        described in paragraphs (1) and (2).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Reporting on Recidivism Rates.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) In general.--Beginning 1 year after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, and every year thereafter, the 
        Attorney General, in consultation with the Administrative 
        Office of the United States Courts, shall report to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress on rates of recidivism among 
        individuals who have been released from Federal prison and who 
        are under judicial supervision.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall contain information on rates of recidivism among 
        former Federal prisoners, including information on rates of 
        recidivism among former Federal prisoners based on the 
        following criteria:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) Primary offense charged.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) Length of sentence imposed and 
                served.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) Bureau of Prisons facility or 
                facilities in which the prisoner's sentence was 
                served.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (D) Recidivism reduction programming that 
                the prisoner successfully completed, if any.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (E) The prisoner's assessed risk of 
                recidivism.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) Assistance.--The Administrative Office of the 
        United States Courts shall provide to the Attorney General any 
        information in its possession that is necessary for the 
        completion of the report required under paragraph 
        (1).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (d) Reporting on Excluded Prisoners.--Not later than 8 
years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General 
shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
effectiveness of recidivism reduction programs and productive 
activities offered to prisoners described in section 3621(h)(6)(A)(iii) 
of title 18, United States Code, as added by this title, as well as 
those ineligible for credit toward prerelease custody under section 
3624(c)(2) of title 18, United States Code, as added by this title, 
which shall review the effectiveness of different categories of 
incentives in reducing recidivism.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (e) Definition.--The term ``appropriate committees of 
Congress'' means--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) the Committee on the Judiciary and the 
        Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
        Agencies of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) the Committee on the Judiciary and the 
        Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related 
        Agencies of the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 206. ADDITIONAL TOOLS TO PROMOTE RECOVERY AND PREVENT 
              DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Reentry and Recovery Planning.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) Presentence reports.--Section 3552 of title 
        18, United States Code, is amended--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), 
                and (d) as subsections (c), (d), and (e), 
                respectively;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
                following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Reentry and Recovery Planning.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--In addition to the information 
        required by rule 32(d) of the Federal Rules of Criminal 
        Procedure, the report submitted pursuant to subsection (a) 
        shall contain the following information, unless such 
        information is required to be excluded pursuant to rule 
        32(d)(3) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure or except 
        as provided in paragraph (2):</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Information about the defendant's 
                history of substance abuse and addiction, if 
                applicable.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Information about the defendant's 
                service in the Armed Forces of the United States and 
                veteran status, if applicable.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) A detailed plan, which shall include 
                the identification of programming provided by the 
                Bureau of Prisons that is appropriate for the 
                defendant's needs, that the probation officer 
                determines will--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) reduce the likelihood the 
                        defendant will abuse drugs or alcohol if the 
                        defendant has a history of substance 
                        abuse;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) reduce the defendant's 
                        likelihood of recidivism by addressing the 
                        defendant's specific recidivism risk factors; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) assist the defendant 
                        preparing for reentry into the 
                        community.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Exceptions.--The information described in 
        paragraph (1)(C)(iii) shall not be required to be included 
        under paragraph (1), in the discretion of the Probation 
        Officer, if the applicable sentencing range under the 
        sentencing guidelines, as determined by the probation officer, 
        includes a sentence of life imprisonment or a sentence of 
        probation.'';</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) in subsection (c), as redesignated, in 
                the first sentence, by striking ``subsection (a) or 
                (c)'' and inserting ``subsection (a) or (d)''; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (D) in subsection (d), as redesignated, by 
                striking ``subsection (a) or (b)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (a) or (c)''.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Technical and conforming amendment.--Section 
        3672 of title 18, United States Code, is amended in the eighth 
        undesignated paragraph by striking ``subsection (b) or (c)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (c) or (d)''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Promoting Full Utilization of Residential Drug 
Treatment.--Section 3621(e)(2) of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Commencement of treatment.--Not 
                later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this 
                subparagraph, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
                shall ensure that each eligible prisoner has an 
                opportunity to commence participation in treatment 
                under this subsection by such date as is necessary to 
                ensure that the prisoner completes such treatment not 
                later than 1 year before the date on which the prisoner 
                would otherwise be released from custody prior to the 
                application of any reduction in sentence pursuant to 
                this paragraph.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Other credits.--The Director of the 
                Bureau of Prisons may, in the Director's discretion, 
                reduce the credit awarded under subsection (h)(6)(A) to 
                a prisoner who receives a reduction under subparagraph 
                (B), but such reduction may not exceed one-half the 
                amount of the reduction awarded to the prisoner under 
                subparagraph (B).''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Supervised Release Pilot Program To Reduce Recidivism 
and Improve Recovery From Alcohol and Drug Abuse.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Administrative Office of the 
        United States Courts shall establish a recidivism reduction and 
        recovery enhancement pilot program, premised on high-intensity 
        supervision and the use of swift, predictable, and graduated 
        sanctions for noncompliance with program rules, in Federal 
        judicial districts selected by the Administrative Office of the 
        United States Courts in consultation with the Attorney 
        General.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Requirements of program.--Participation in the 
        pilot program required under paragraph (1) shall be subject to 
        the following requirements:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) Upon entry into the pilot program, the 
                court shall notify program participants of the rules of 
                the program and consequences for violating such rules, 
                including the penalties to be imposed as a result of 
                such violations pursuant to subparagraph (E).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) Probation officers shall conduct 
                regular drug testing of all pilot program participants 
                with a history of substance abuse.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) In the event that a probation officer 
                determines that a participant has violated a term of 
                supervised release, the officer shall notify the court 
                within 24 hours of such determination, absent good 
                cause.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (D) As soon as is practicable, and in no 
                case more than 1 week after the violation was reported 
                by the probation officer, absent good cause, the court 
                shall conduct a hearing on the alleged 
                violation.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (E) If the court determines that a program 
                participant has violated a term of supervised release, 
                it shall impose an appropriate sanction, which may 
                include the following, if appropriate:</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) Modification of the terms of 
                        such participant's supervised release, which 
                        may include imposition of a period of home 
                        confinement.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) Referral to appropriate 
                        substance abuse treatment.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iii) Revocation of the 
                        defendant's supervised release and the 
                        imposition of a sentence of incarceration that 
                        is no longer than necessary to punish the 
                        participant for such violation and deter the 
                        participant from committing future 
                        violations.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iv) For participants who 
                        habitually fail to abide by program rules or 
                        pose a threat to public safety, termination 
                        from the program.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) Status of participant if incarcerated.--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) In general.--In the event that a 
                program participant is sentenced to incarceration as 
                described in paragraph (2)(E)(iii), the participant 
                shall remain in the program upon release from 
                incarceration unless terminated from the program in 
                accordance with paragraph (2)(E)(iv).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) Policies for maintaining employment.--
                The Bureau of Prisons, in consultation with the Chief 
                Probation Officers of the Federal judicial districts 
                selected for participation in the pilot program 
                required under paragraph (1), shall develop policies to 
                enable program participants sentenced to terms of 
                incarceration as described in paragraph (2)(E) to, 
                where practicable, serve the terms of incarceration 
                while maintaining employment, including allowing the 
                terms of incarceration to be served on 
                weekends.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (4) Advisory sentencing policies.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) In general.--The United States 
                Sentencing Commission, in consultation with the Chief 
                Probation Officers, the United States Attorneys, 
                Federal Defenders, and Chief Judges of the districts 
                selected for participation in the pilot program 
                required under paragraph (1), shall establish advisory 
                sentencing policies to be used by the district courts 
                in imposing sentences of incarceration in accordance 
                with paragraph (2)(E).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) Requirement.--The advisory sentencing 
                policies established under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                consistent with the stated goal of the pilot program to 
                impose predictable and graduated sentences that are no 
                longer than necessary for violations of program 
                rules.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (5) Duration of program.--The pilot program 
        required under paragraph (1) shall continue for not less than 5 
        years and may be extended for not more than 5 years by the 
        Administrative Office of the United States Courts.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (6) Assessment of program outcomes and report to 
        congress.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) In general.--Not later than 6 years 
                after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
                Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall 
                conduct an evaluation of the pilot program and submit 
                to Congress a report on the results of the 
                evaluation.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) Contents.--The report required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) the rates of substance abuse 
                        among program participants;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) the rates of violations of 
                        the terms of supervised release by program 
                        participants, and sanctions imposed;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iii) information about employment 
                        of program participants;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (iv) a comparison of outcomes 
                        among program participants with outcomes among 
                        similarly situated individuals under the 
                        supervision of United States Probation and 
                        Pretrial Services not participating in the 
                        program; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (v) an assessment of the 
                        effectiveness of each of the relevant features 
                        of the program.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 207. ERIC WILLIAMS CORRECTIONAL OFFICER PROTECTION 
              ACT.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Chapter 303 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 4049. Officers and employees of the Bureau of Prisons 
              authorized to carry oleoresin capsicum spray</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(a) In General.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
shall issue, on a routine basis, oleoresin capsicum spray to--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) any officer or employee of the Bureau of 
        Prisons who--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) is employed in a prison that is not 
                a minimum or low security prison; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) may respond to an emergency 
                situation in such a prison; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) such additional officers and employees of 
        prisons as the Director determines appropriate, in accordance 
        with this section.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Training Requirement.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--In order for an officer or 
        employee of the Bureau of Prisons, including a correctional 
        officer, to be eligible to receive and carry oleoresin capsicum 
        spray pursuant to this section, the officer or employee shall 
        complete a training course before being issued such spray, and 
        annually thereafter, on the use of oleoresin capsicum 
        spray.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Transferability of training.--An officer or 
        employee of the Bureau of Prisons who completes a training 
        course pursuant to paragraph (1) and subsequently transfers to 
        employment at a different prison, shall not be required to 
        complete an additional training course solely due such 
        transfer.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Training conducted during regular 
        employment.--An officer or employee of the Bureau of Prisons 
        who completes a training course required under paragraph (1) 
        shall do so during the course of that officer or employee's 
        regular employment, and shall be compensated at the same rate 
        that the officer or employee would be compensated for 
        conducting the officer or employee's regular duties.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(c) Use of Oleoresin Capsicum Spray.--Officers and 
employees of the Bureau of Prisons issued oleoresin capsicum spray 
pursuant to subsection (a) may use such spray to reduce acts of 
violence--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) committed by prisoners against themselves, 
        other prisoners, prison visitors, and officers and employees of 
        the Bureau of Prisons; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) committed by prison visitors against 
        themselves, prisoners, other visitors, and officers and 
        employees of the Bureau of Prisons.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 
303 of part III of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 4048 the 
following:</DELETED>

<DELETED>``4049. Officers and employees of the Bureau of Prisons 
                            authorized to carry oleoresin capsicum 
                            spray.''.
<DELETED>    (c) GAO Report.--Not later than the date that is 3 years 
after the date on which the Director of the Bureau of Prisons begins to 
issue oleoresin capsicum spray to officers and employees of the Bureau 
of Prisons pursuant to section 4049 of title 18, United States Code (as 
added by this title), the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to Congress a report that includes the 
following:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) An evaluation of the effectiveness of issuing 
        oleoresin capsicum spray to officers and employees of the 
        Bureau of Prisons in prisons that are not minimum or low 
        security prisons on--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) reducing crime in such prisons; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) reducing acts of violence committed by 
                prisoners against themselves, other prisoners, prison 
                visitors, and officers and employees of the Bureau of 
                Prisons in such prisons.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) An evaluation of the advisability of issuing 
        oleoresin capsicum spray to officers and employees of the 
        Bureau of Prisons in prisons that are minimum or low security 
        prisons, including--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) the effectiveness that issuing such 
                spray in such prisons would have on reducing acts of 
                violence committed by prisoners against themselves, 
                other prisoners, prison visitors, and officers and 
                employees of the Bureau of Prisons in such prisons; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) the cost of issuing such spray in such 
                prisons. Recommendations to improve the safety of 
                officers and employees of the Bureau of Prisons in 
                prisons.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 208. PROMOTING SUCCESSFUL REENTRY.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Federal Reentry Demonstration Projects.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) Evaluation of existing best practices for 
        reentry.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
        this Act, the Attorney General, in consultation with the 
        Administrative Office of the United States Courts, shall--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) evaluate best practices used for the 
                reentry into society of individuals released from the 
                custody of the Bureau of Prisons, including--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) conducting examinations of 
                        reentry practices in State and local justice 
                        systems; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) consulting with Federal, 
                        State, and local prosecutors, Federal, State, 
                        and local public defenders, nonprofit 
                        organizations that provide reentry services, 
                        and criminal justice experts; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) submit to the Committee on the 
                Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the 
                Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report that 
                details the evaluation conducted under subparagraph 
                (A).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Creation of reentry demonstration projects.--
        Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, 
        the Attorney General, in consultation with the Administrative 
        Office of the United States Courts, shall, subject to the 
        availability of appropriations, select an appropriate number of 
        Federal judicial districts to conduct Federal reentry 
        demonstration projects using the best practices identified in 
        the evaluation conducted under paragraph (1). The Attorney 
        General shall determine the appropriate number of Federal 
        judicial districts to conduct demonstration projects under this 
        paragraph.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) Project design.--For each Federal judicial 
        district selected under paragraph (2), the United States 
        Attorney, in consultation with the Chief Judge, Chief Federal 
        Defender, the Chief Probation Officer, the Bureau of Justice 
        Assistance, the National Institute of Justice, and criminal 
        justice experts shall design a Federal reentry demonstration 
        project for the Federal judicial district in accordance with 
        paragraph (4).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (4) Project elements.--A project designed under 
        paragraph (3) shall coordinate efforts by Federal agencies to 
        assist participating prisoners in preparing for and adjusting 
        to reentry into the community and may include, as appropriate--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) the use of community correctional 
                facilities and home confinement, as determined to be 
                appropriate by the Bureau of Prisons;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) a reentry review team for each 
                prisoner to develop a reentry plan specific to the 
                needs of the prisoner, and to meet with the prisoner 
                following transfer to monitor the reentry 
                plan;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) steps to assist the prisoner in 
                obtaining health care, housing, and employment, before 
                the prisoner's release from a community correctional 
                facility or home confinement;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (D) regular drug testing for participants 
                with a history of substance abuse;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (E) substance abuse treatment, which may 
                include addiction treatment medication, if appropriate, 
                medical treatment, including mental health treatment, 
                occupational, vocational and educational training, 
                apprenticeships, life skills instruction, recovery 
                support, conflict resolution training, and other 
                programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
                community;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (F) the participation of volunteers to 
                serve as advisors and mentors to prisoners being 
                released into the community;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (G) steps to ensure that the prisoner 
                makes satisfactory progress toward satisfying any 
                obligations to victims of the prisoner's offense, 
                including any obligation to pay restitution; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (H) the appointment of a reentry 
                coordinator in the United States Attorney's 
                Office.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (5) Review of project outcomes.--Not later than 5 
        years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Administrative Office of the United States Courts, in 
        consultation with the Attorney General, shall--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) evaluate the results from each Federal 
                judicial district selected under paragraph (2), 
                including the extent to which participating prisoners 
                released from the custody of the Bureau of Prisons were 
                successfully reintegrated into their communities, 
                including whether the participating prisoners 
                maintained employment, and refrained from committing 
                further offenses; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) submit to the Committee on the 
                Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the 
                Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report that 
                contains--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) the evaluation of the best 
                        practices identified in the report required 
                        under paragraph (1); and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) the results of the 
                        demonstration projects required under paragraph 
                        (2).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Study on the Impact of Reentry on Certain 
Communities.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General, in 
        consultation with the Administrative Office of the United 
        States Courts, shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary 
        of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House 
        of Representatives a report on the impact of reentry of 
        prisoners on communities in which a disproportionate number of 
        individuals reside upon release from incarceration.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall analyze the impact of reentry of individuals released 
        from both State and Federal correctional systems as well as 
        State and Federal juvenile justice systems, and shall include--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) an assessment of the reentry burdens 
                borne by local communities;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) a review of the resources available in 
                such communities to support successful reentry, 
                including resources provided by State, local, and 
                Federal governments, the extent to which those 
                resources are used effectively; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) recommendations to strengthen the 
                resources in such communities available to support 
                successful reentry and to lessen the burden placed on 
                such communities by the need to support 
                reentry.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Facilitating Reentry Assistance to Veterans.--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) In general.--Not later than 2 months after the 
        date of the commencement of a prisoner's sentence pursuant to 
        section 3585(a) of title 18, United States Code, the Director 
        of the Bureau of Prisons shall notify the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs if the prisoner's presentence report, prepared pursuant 
        to section 3552 of title 18, United States Code, indicates that 
        the prisoner has previously served in the Armed Forces of the 
        United States or if the prisoner has so notified the Bureau of 
        Prisons.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Post-commencement notice.--If the prisoner 
        informs the Bureau of Prisons of the prisoner's prior service 
        in the Armed Forces of the United States after the commencement 
        of the prisoner's sentence, the Director of the Bureau of 
        Prisons shall notify the Secretary of Veterans Affairs not 
        later than 2 months after the date on which the prisoner 
        provides such notice.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) Contents of notice.--The notice provided by 
        the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs under this subsection shall include the 
        identity of the prisoner, the facility in which the prisoner is 
        located, the prisoner's offense of conviction, and the length 
        of the prisoner's sentence.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (4) Access to va.--The Bureau of Prisons shall 
        provide the Department of Veterans Affairs with reasonable 
        access to any prisoner who has previously served in the Armed 
        Forces of the United States for purposes of facilitating that 
        prisoner's reentry.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 209. PAROLE FOR JUVENILES.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Chapter 403 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting after section 5032 the 
following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 5032A. Modification of an imposed term of imprisonment 
              for violations of law committed prior to age 18</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, a court may reduce a term of imprisonment imposed upon a defendant 
convicted as an adult for an offense committed and completed before the 
defendant attained 18 years of age if--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the defendant has served 20 years in prison 
        for the offense; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) the court finds, after considering the 
        factors set forth in subsection (c), that the defendant is not 
        a danger to the safety of any person or the community and that 
        the interests of justice warrant a sentence 
        modification.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Supervised Release.--Any defendant whose sentence is 
reduced pursuant to subsection (a) shall be ordered to serve a period 
of supervised release of not less than 5 years following release from 
imprisonment. The conditions of supervised release and any modification 
or revocation of the term of supervise release shall be in accordance 
with section 3583.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(c) Factors and Information To Be Considered in 
Determining Whether To Modify a Term of Imprisonment.--The court, in 
determining whether to reduce a term of imprisonment pursuant to 
subsection (a), shall consider--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the factors described in section 3553(a), 
        including the nature of the offense and the history and 
        characteristics of the defendant;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) the age of the defendant at the time of the 
        offense;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) a report and recommendation of the Bureau of 
        Prisons, including information on whether the defendant has 
        substantially complied with the rules of each institution to 
        which the defendant has been confined and whether the defendant 
        has completed any educational, vocational, or other prison 
        program, where available;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) a report and recommendation of the United 
        States attorney for any district in which an offense for which 
        the defendant is imprisoned was prosecuted;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) whether the defendant has demonstrated 
        maturity, rehabilitation, and a fitness to reenter society 
        sufficient to justify a sentence reduction;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) any statement, which may be presented orally 
        or otherwise, by any victim of an offense for which the 
        defendant is imprisoned or by a family member of the victim if 
        the victim is deceased;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(7) any report of physical, mental, or 
        psychiatric examination of the defendant conducted by a 
        licensed health care professional;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(8) the family and community circumstances of 
        the defendant at the time of the offense, including any history 
        of abuse, trauma, or involvement in the child welfare 
        system;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(9) the extent of the role of the defendant in 
        the offense and whether, and to what extent, an adult was 
        involved in the offense;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(10) the diminished culpability of juveniles as 
        compared to that of adults, and the hallmark features of youth, 
        including immaturity, impetuosity, and failure to appreciate 
        risks and consequences, which counsel against sentencing them 
        to the otherwise applicable term of imprisonment; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(11) any other information the court determines 
        relevant to the decision of the court.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(d) Limitation on Applications Pursuant to This 
Section.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Second application.--Not earlier than 5 
        years after the date on which an order entered by a court on an 
        initial application under this section becomes final, a court 
        shall entertain a second application by the same defendant 
        under this section.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Final application.--Not earlier than 5 years 
        after the date on which an order entered by a court on a second 
        application under paragraph (1) becomes final, a court shall 
        entertain a final application by the same defendant under this 
        section.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Prohibition.--A court may not entertain an 
        application filed after an application filed under paragraph 
        (2) by the same defendant.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(e) Procedures.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Notice.--The Bureau of Prisons shall provide 
        written notice of this section to--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) any defendant who has served 19 
                years in prison for an offense committed and completed 
                prior to the defendant's 18th birthday for which the 
                defendant was convicted as an adult; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) the sentencing court, the United 
                States attorney, and the Federal Public Defender or 
                Executive Director of the Community Defender 
                Organization for the judicial district in which the 
                sentence described in subparagraph (A) was 
                imposed.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Crime victims rights.--Upon receiving 
        noticed under paragraph (1), the United States attorney shall 
        provide any notifications required under section 
        3771.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Application.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--An application for a 
                sentence reduction under this section shall be filed as 
                a motion to reduce the sentence of the defendant and 
                may include affidavits or other written 
                material.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Requirement.--A motion to reduce a 
                sentence under this section shall be filed with the 
                sentencing court and a copy shall be served on the 
                United States attorney for the judicial district in 
                which the sentence was imposed.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Expanding the record; hearing.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Expanding the record.--After the 
                filing of a motion to reduce a sentence under this 
                section, the court may direct the parties to expand the 
                record by submitting additional written materials 
                relating to the motion.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Hearing.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--The court shall 
                        conduct a hearing on the motion, at which the 
                        defendant and counsel for the defendant shall 
                        be given the opportunity to be heard.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Evidence.--In a hearing 
                        under this section, the court may allow for 
                        parties to present evidence.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) Defendant's presence.--At 
                        a hearing under this section, the defendant 
                        shall be present unless the defendant waives 
                        the right to be present. The requirement under 
                        this clause may be satisfied by the defendant 
                        appearing by video teleconference.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) Counsel.--A defendant who 
                        is unable to obtain counsel is entitled to have 
                        counsel appointed to represent the defendant 
                        for proceedings under this section, including 
                        any appeal, unless the defendant waives the 
                        right to counsel.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(v) Findings.--The court shall 
                        state in open court, and file in writing, the 
                        reasons for granting or denying a motion under 
                        this section.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Appeal.--The Government or the 
                defendant may file a notice of appeal in the district 
                court for review of a final order under this section. 
                The time limit for filing such appeal shall be governed 
                by rule 4(a) of the Federal Rules of Appellate 
                Procedure.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(f) Educational and Rehabilitative Programs.--A 
defendant who is convicted and sentenced as an adult for an offense 
committed and completed before the defendant attained 18 years of age 
may not be deprived of any educational, training, or rehabilitative 
program that is otherwise available to the general prison 
population.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Table of Sections.--The table of sections for chapter 
403 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 5032 the following:</DELETED>

<DELETED>``5032A. Modification of an imposed term of imprisonment for 
                            violations of law committed prior to age 
                            18.''.
<DELETED>    (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply to any conviction entered before, on, or after the date of 
enactment of this Act.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 210. COMPASSIONATE RELEASE INITIATIVE.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    Section 231(g) of the Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 
17541(g)) is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``, upon 
        written request from either the Bureau of Prisons or an 
        eligible aging offender'' after ``to home 
        detention'';</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and shall be 
        carried out during fiscal years 2009 and 2010''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (3) in paragraph (5)(A)--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``65 
                years'' and inserting ``60 years'';</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) in clause (ii)--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (i) by striking ``the greater of 
                        10 years or''; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    (ii) by striking ``75 percent'' 
                        and inserting ``\2/3\'';</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) in clause (vi), by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (D) in clause (vii), by striking the 
                period at the and inserting ``; and''; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (E) by adding at the end the 
                following:</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(viii) who--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) is receiving or in 
                                medical need of care at a nursing home, 
                                intermediate care facility, or assisted 
                                living facility, as those terms are 
                                defined in section 232 of the National 
                                Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1715w); 
                                or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) has been diagnosed 
                                with a terminal illness.''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 211. JUVENILE SEALING AND EXPUNGEMENT.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) protect children and adults against damage 
        stemming from their juvenile acts and subsequent juvenile 
        delinquency records, including law enforcement, arrest, and 
        court records; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) prevent the unauthorized use or disclosure of 
        confidential juvenile delinquency records and any potential 
        employment, financial, psychological, or other harm that would 
        result from such unauthorized use or disclosure.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Definitions.--Section 5031 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 5031. Definitions</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``In this chapter--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the term `adjudication' means a 
        determination by a judge that a person committed an act of 
        juvenile delinquency;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) the term `conviction' means a judgment or 
        disposition in criminal court against a person following a 
        finding of guilt by a judge or jury;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) the term `destroy' means to render a file 
        unreadable, whether paper, electronic, or otherwise stored, by 
        shredding, pulverizing, pulping, incinerating, overwriting, 
        reformatting the media, or other means;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) the term `expunge' means to destroy a record 
        and obliterate the name of the person to whom the record 
        pertains from each official index or public record;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) the term `expungement hearing' means a 
        hearing held under section 5044(b)(2)(B);</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) the term `expungement petition' means a 
        petition for expungement filed under section 5044(b);</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(7) the term `juvenile' means--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), a person who has not attained the age of 18; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) for the purpose of proceedings and 
                disposition under this chapter for an alleged act of 
                juvenile delinquency, a person who has not attained the 
                age of 21;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(8) the term `juvenile delinquency' means the 
        violation of a law of the United States committed by a person 
        before attaining the age of 18 which would have been a crime if 
        committed by an adult, or a violation by such a person of 
        section 922(x);</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(9) the term `juvenile nonviolent offense' 
        means--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) in the case of an arrest or an 
                adjudication that is dismissed or finds the juvenile to 
                be not delinquent, an act of juvenile delinquency that 
                is not--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) a criminal homicide, 
                        forcible rape or any other sex offense (as 
                        defined in section 111 of the Sex Offender 
                        Registration and Notification Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        16911)), kidnapping, aggravated assault, 
                        robbery, burglary of an occupied structure, 
                        arson, or a drug trafficking crime in which a 
                        firearm was used; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) a Federal crime of 
                        terrorism (as defined in section 2332b(g)); 
                        and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) in the case of an adjudication that 
                finds the juvenile to be delinquent, an act of juvenile 
                delinquency that is not--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) described in clause (i) or 
                        (ii) of subparagraph (A); or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) a misdemeanor crime of 
                        domestic violence (as defined in section 
                        921(a)(33));</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(10) the term `juvenile record'--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) means a record maintained by a 
                court, the probation system, a law enforcement agency, 
                or any other government agency, of the juvenile 
                delinquency proceedings of a person;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) includes--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) a juvenile legal file, 
                        including a formal document such as a petition, 
                        notice, motion, legal memorandum, order, or 
                        decree;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) a social record, 
                        including--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) a record of a 
                                probation officer;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) a record of any 
                                government agency that keeps records 
                                relating to juvenile 
                                delinquency;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(III) a medical 
                                record;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(IV) a psychiatric or 
                                psychological record;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(V) a birth 
                                certificate;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(VI) an education 
                                record, including an individualized 
                                education plan;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(VII) a detention 
                                record;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(VIII) demographic 
                                information that identifies a juvenile 
                                or the family of a juvenile; 
                                or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(IX) any other record 
                                that includes personally identifiable 
                                information that may be associated with 
                                a juvenile delinquency proceeding, an 
                                act of juvenile delinquency, or an 
                                alleged act of juvenile delinquency; 
                                and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) a law enforcement record, 
                        including a photograph or a State criminal 
                        justice information system record; 
                        and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) does not include--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) fingerprints; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) a DNA sample;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(11) the term `petitioner' means a person who 
        files an expungement petition or a sealing petition;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(12) the term `seal' means--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) to close a record from public 
                viewing so that the record cannot be examined except as 
                otherwise provided under section 5043; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) to physically seal the record shut 
                and label the record `SEALED' or, in the case of an 
                electronic record, the substantive 
                equivalent;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(13) the term `sealing hearing' means a hearing 
        held under section 3632(b)(2)(B); and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(14) the term `sealing petition' means a 
        petition for a sealing order filed under section 
        5043(b).''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Confidentiality.--Section 5038 of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) in subsection (a), in the flush text following 
        paragraph (6), by inserting after ``bonding,'' the following: 
        ``participation in an educational system,''; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``District 
        courts exercising jurisdiction over any juvenile'' and 
        inserting the following: ``Not later than 7 days after the date 
        on which a district court exercises jurisdiction over a 
        juvenile, the district court''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (d) Sealing; Expungement.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) In general.--Chapter 403 of title 18, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 5043. Sealing</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(a) Automatic Sealing of Nonviolent Offenses.--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--Three years after the date on 
        which a person who is adjudicated delinquent under this chapter 
        for a juvenile nonviolent offense completes every term of 
        probation, official detention, or juvenile delinquent 
        supervision ordered by the court with respect to the offense, 
        the court shall order the sealing of each juvenile record or 
        portion thereof that relates to the offense if the person--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) has not been convicted of a crime or 
                adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile 
                delinquency since the date of the disposition; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) is not engaged in active criminal 
                court proceedings or juvenile delinquency 
                proceedings.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Automatic nature of sealing.--The order of 
        sealing under paragraph (1) shall require no action by the 
        person whose juvenile records are to be sealed.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Notice of automatic sealing.--A court that 
        orders the sealing of a juvenile record of a person under 
        paragraph (1) shall, in writing, inform the person of the 
        sealing and the benefits of sealing the record.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Petitioning for Early Sealing of Nonviolent 
Offenses.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Right to file sealing petition.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--During the 3-year 
                period beginning on the date on which a person who is 
                adjudicated delinquent under this chapter for a 
                juvenile nonviolent offense completes every term of 
                probation, official detention, or juvenile delinquent 
                supervision ordered by the court with respect to the 
                offense, the person may petition the court to seal the 
                juvenile records that relate to the offense unless the 
                person--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) has been convicted of a 
                        crime or adjudicated delinquent for an act of 
                        juvenile delinquency since the date of the 
                        disposition; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) is engaged in active 
                        criminal court proceedings or juvenile 
                        delinquency proceedings.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Notice of opportunity to file 
                petition.--If a person is adjudicated delinquent for a 
                juvenile nonviolent offense, the court in which the 
                person is adjudicated delinquent shall, in writing, 
                inform the person of the potential eligibility of the 
                person to file a sealing petition with respect to the 
                offense upon completing every term of probation, 
                official detention, or juvenile delinquent supervision 
                ordered by the court with respect to the offense, and 
                the necessary procedures for filing the sealing 
                petition--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) on the date on which the 
                        individual is adjudicated delinquent; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) on the date on which the 
                        individual has completed every term of 
                        probation, official detention, or juvenile 
                        delinquent supervision ordered by the court 
                        with respect to the offense.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Procedures.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Notification to prosecutor.--If a 
                person files a sealing petition with respect to a 
                juvenile nonviolent offense, the court in which the 
                petition is filed shall provide notice of the 
                petition--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) to the Attorney General; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) upon the request of the 
                        petitioner, to any other individual that the 
                        petitioner determines may testify as to--
                        </DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) the conduct of the 
                                petitioner since the date of the 
                                offense; or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) the reasons that 
                                the sealing order should be 
                                entered.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Hearing.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--If a person 
                        files a sealing petition, the court shall--
                        </DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) except as provided 
                                in clause (iii), conduct a hearing in 
                                accordance with clause (ii); 
                                and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) determine whether 
                                to enter a sealing order for the person 
                                in accordance with subparagraph 
                                (C).</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Opportunity to testify and 
                        offer evidence.--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) Petitioner.--The 
                                petitioner may testify or offer 
                                evidence at the sealing hearing in 
                                support of sealing.</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) Prosecutor.--The 
                                Attorney General may send a 
                                representative to testify or offer 
                                evidence at the sealing hearing in 
                                support of or against 
                                sealing.</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(III) Other 
                                individuals.--An individual who 
                                receives notice under subparagraph 
                                (A)(ii) may testify or offer evidence 
                                at the sealing hearing as to the issues 
                                described in subclauses (I) and (II) of 
                                that subparagraph.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) Waiver of hearing.--If the 
                        petitioner and the Attorney General so agree, 
                        the court shall make a determination under 
                        subparagraph (C) without a hearing.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Basis for decision.--The court shall 
                determine whether to grant the sealing petition after 
                considering--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) the sealing petition and any 
                        documents in the possession of the 
                        court;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) all the evidence and 
                        testimony presented at the sealing hearing, if 
                        such a hearing is conducted;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) the best interests of the 
                        petitioner;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) the age of the petitioner 
                        during his or her contact with the court or any 
                        law enforcement agency;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(v) the nature of the juvenile 
                        nonviolent offense;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(vi) the disposition of the 
                        case;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(vii) the manner in which the 
                        petitioner participated in any court-ordered 
                        rehabilitative programming or supervised 
                        services;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(viii) the length of the time 
                        period during which the petitioner has been 
                        without contact with any court or law 
                        enforcement agency;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ix) whether the petitioner has 
                        had any criminal or juvenile delinquency 
                        involvement since the disposition of the 
                        juvenile delinquency proceeding; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(x) the adverse consequences the 
                        petitioner may suffer if the petition is not 
                        granted.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Waiting period after denial.--If the 
                court denies a sealing petition, the petitioner may not 
                file a new sealing petition with respect to the same 
                juvenile nonviolent offense until the date that is 2 
                years after the date of the denial.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) Universal form.--The Director of the 
                Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall 
                create a universal form, available over the Internet 
                and in paper form, that an individual may use to file a 
                sealing petition.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(F) No fee for indigent petitioners.--If 
                the court determines that the petitioner is indigent, 
                there shall be no cost for filing a sealing 
                petition.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(G) Reporting.--Not later than 2 years 
                after the date of enactment of this section, and each 
                year thereafter, the Director of the Administrative 
                Office of the United States Courts shall issue a public 
                report that--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) describes--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) the number of 
                                sealing petitions granted and denied 
                                under this subsection; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) the number of 
                                instances in which the Attorney General 
                                supported or opposed a sealing 
                                petition;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) includes any supporting 
                        data that the Director determines relevant and 
                        that does not name any petitioner; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) disaggregates all relevant 
                        data by race, ethnicity, gender, and the nature 
                        of the offense.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(H) Public defender eligibility.--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) Petitioners under age 18.--
                        The district court shall appoint counsel in 
                        accordance with the plan of the district court 
                        in operation under section 3006A to represent a 
                        petitioner for purposes of this subsection if 
                        the petitioner is less than 18 years of 
                        age.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Petitioners age 18 and 
                        older.--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) Discretion of 
                                court.--In the case of a petitioner who 
                                is not less than 18 years of age, the 
                                district court may, in its discretion, 
                                appoint counsel in accordance with the 
                                plan of the district court in operation 
                                under section 3006A to represent the 
                                petitioner for purposes of this 
                                subsection.</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) Considerations.--In 
                                determining whether to appoint counsel 
                                under subclause (I), the court shall 
                                consider--</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(aa) the 
                                        anticipated complexity of the 
                                        sealing hearing, including the 
                                        number and type of witnesses 
                                        called to advocate against the 
                                        sealing of the records of the 
                                        petitioner; and</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(bb) the 
                                        potential for adverse testimony 
                                        by a victim or a representative 
                                        of the Attorney 
                                        General.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(c) Effect of Sealing Order.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Protection from perjury laws.--Except as 
        provided in paragraph (4)(C)(i), if a court orders the sealing 
        of a juvenile record of a person under subsection (a) or (b) 
        with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the person shall 
        not be held under any provision of law to be guilty of perjury, 
        false swearing, or making a false statement by reason of the 
        person's failure to recite or acknowledge the offense and any 
        arrest, juvenile delinquency proceeding, adjudication, or other 
        result of such proceeding relating to the offense in response 
        to an inquiry made of the person for any purpose.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Verification of sealing.--If a court orders 
        the sealing of a juvenile record under subsection (a) or (b) 
        with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the court 
        shall--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) send a copy of the sealing order to 
                each entity or person known to the court that possesses 
                a record relating to the offense, including each--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) law enforcement agency; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) public or private 
                        correctional or detention facility;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) in the sealing order, require each 
                entity or person described in subparagraph (A) to--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) seal the record; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) submit a written 
                        certification to the court, under penalty of 
                        perjury, that the entity or person has sealed 
                        each paper and electronic copy of the 
                        record;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) seal each paper and electronic copy 
                of the record in the possession of the court; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) after receiving a written 
                certification from each entity or person under 
                subparagraph (B)(ii), notify the petitioner that each 
                entity or person described in subparagraph (A) has 
                sealed each paper and electronic copy of the 
                record.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Law enforcement access to sealed records.--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), a law enforcement agency may access a 
                sealed juvenile record in the possession of the agency 
                or another law enforcement agency solely--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) to determine whether the 
                        person who is the subject of the record is a 
                        nonviolent offender eligible for a first-time-
                        offender diversion program;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) for investigatory or 
                        prosecutorial purposes within the juvenile 
                        justice system; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) for a background check 
                        that relates to--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) law enforcement 
                                employment; or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) any position that a 
                                Federal agency designates as a--
                                </DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(aa) national 
                                        security position; or</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(bb) high-risk, 
                                        public trust 
                                        position.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Transition period.--During the 1-
                year period beginning on the date on which a court 
                orders the sealing of a juvenile record under this 
                section, a law enforcement agency may, for law 
                enforcement purposes, access the record if it is in the 
                possession of the agency or another law enforcement 
                agency.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Prohibition on disclosure.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Prohibition.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (C), it shall be unlawful to intentionally 
                make or attempt to make an unauthorized disclosure of 
                any information from a sealed juvenile record in 
                violation of this section.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Penalty.--Any person who violates 
                subparagraph (A) shall be fined under this title, 
                imprisoned for not more than 1 year, or both.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Exceptions.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) Background checks.--In the 
                        case of a background check for law enforcement 
                        employment or for any employment that requires 
                        a government security clearance--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) a person who is the 
                                subject of a juvenile record sealed 
                                under this section shall disclose the 
                                contents of the record; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) a law enforcement 
                                agency that possesses a juvenile record 
                                sealed under this section--</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(aa) may 
                                        disclose the contents of the 
                                        record; and</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(bb) if the 
                                        agency obtains or is subject to 
                                        a court order authorizing 
                                        disclosure of the record, may 
                                        disclose the record.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Disclosure to armed 
                        forces.--A person, including a law enforcement 
                        agency that possesses a juvenile record sealed 
                        under this section, may disclose information 
                        from a juvenile record sealed under this 
                        section to the Secretaries of the military 
                        departments (or the Secretary of Homeland 
                        Security with respect to the Coast Guard when 
                        it is not operating as a service in the Navy) 
                        for the purpose of vetting an enlistment or 
                        commission, or with regard to any member of the 
                        Armed Forces.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) Criminal and juvenile 
                        proceedings.--A prosecutor may disclose 
                        information from a juvenile record sealed under 
                        this section if the information pertains to a 
                        potential witness in a Federal or State--
                        </DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) criminal proceeding; 
                                or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) juvenile 
                                delinquency proceeding.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) Authorization for person to 
                        disclose own record.--A person who is the 
                        subject of a juvenile record sealed under this 
                        section may choose to disclose the 
                        record.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(d) Limitation Relating to Subsequent Incidents.--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) After filing and before petition granted.--
        If, after the date on which a person files a sealing petition 
        with respect to a juvenile offense and before the court 
        determines whether to grant the petition, the person is 
        convicted of a crime, adjudicated delinquent for an act of 
        juvenile delinquency, or engaged in active criminal court 
        proceedings or juvenile delinquency proceedings, the court 
        shall deny the petition.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) After petition granted.--If, on or after the 
        date on which a court orders the sealing of a juvenile record 
        of a person under subsection (b), the person is convicted of a 
        crime, adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile 
        delinquency, or engaged in active criminal court proceedings or 
        juvenile delinquency proceedings--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) the court shall--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) vacate the order; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) notify the person who is 
                        the subject of the juvenile record, and each 
                        entity or person described in subsection 
                        (c)(2)(A), that the order has been vacated; 
                        and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) the record shall no longer be 
                sealed.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(e) Inclusion of State Juvenile Delinquency 
Adjudications and Proceedings.--For purposes of subparagraphs (A) and 
(B) of subsection (a)(1), clauses (i) and (ii) of subsection (b)(1)(A), 
and paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (d), the term `juvenile 
delinquency' includes the violation of a law of a State committed by a 
person before attaining the age of 18 which would have been a crime if 
committed by an adult.</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 5044. Expungement</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(a) Automatic Expungement of Certain Records.--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Attorney general motion.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Nonviolent offenses committed before 
                a person turned 15.--If a person is adjudicated 
                delinquent under this chapter for a juvenile nonviolent 
                offense committed before the person attained 15 years 
                of age, on the date on which the person attains 18 
                years of age, the Attorney General shall file a motion 
                in the district court of the United States in which the 
                person was adjudicated delinquent requesting that each 
                juvenile record of the person that relates to the 
                offense be expunged.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Arrests.--If a juvenile is arrested 
                for a juvenile nonviolent offense for which a juvenile 
                delinquency proceeding is not instituted under this 
                chapter, and for which the United States does not 
                proceed against the juvenile as an adult in a district 
                court of the United States, the Attorney General shall 
                file a motion in the district court of the United 
                States that would have had jurisdiction of the 
                proceeding requesting that each juvenile record 
                relating to the arrest be expunged.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Expungement order.--Upon the filing 
                of a motion in a district court of the United States 
                with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense under 
                subparagraph (A) or an arrest for a juvenile nonviolent 
                offense under subparagraph (B), the court shall grant 
                the motion and order that each juvenile record relating 
                to the offense or arrest, as applicable, be 
                expunged.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Dismissed cases.--If a district court of the 
        United States dismisses an information with respect to a 
        juvenile under this chapter or finds a juvenile not to be 
        delinquent in a juvenile delinquency proceeding under this 
        chapter, the court shall concurrently order that each juvenile 
        record relating to the applicable proceeding be 
        expunged.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Automatic nature of expungement.--An order 
        of expungement under paragraph (1)(C) or (2) shall not require 
        any action by the person whose records are to be 
        expunged.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Notice of automatic expungement.--A court 
        that orders the expungement of a juvenile record of a person 
        under paragraph (1)(C) or (2) shall, in writing, inform the 
        person of the expungement and the benefits of expunging the 
        record.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Petitioning for Expungement of Nonviolent 
Offenses.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--A person who is adjudicated 
        delinquent under this chapter for a juvenile nonviolent offense 
        committed on or after the date on which the person attained 15 
        years of age may petition the court in which the proceeding 
        took place to order the expungement of the juvenile record that 
        relates to the offense unless the person--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) has been convicted of a crime or 
                adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile 
                delinquency since the date of the 
                disposition;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) is engaged in active criminal court 
                proceedings or juvenile delinquency proceedings; 
                or</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) has had not less than 2 
                adjudications of delinquency previously expunged under 
                this section.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Procedures.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Notification of prosecutor and 
                victims.--If a person files an expungement petition 
                with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the 
                court in which the petition is filed shall provide 
                notice of the petition--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) to the Attorney General; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) upon the request of the 
                        petitioner, to any other individual that the 
                        petitioner determines may testify as to--
                        </DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) the conduct of the 
                                petitioner since the date of the 
                                offense; or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) the reasons that 
                                the expungement order should be 
                                entered.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Hearing.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--If a person 
                        files an expungement petition, the court 
                        shall--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) except as provided 
                                in clause (iii), conduct a hearing in 
                                accordance with clause (ii); 
                                and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) determine whether 
                                to enter an expungement order for the 
                                person in accordance with subparagraph 
                                (C).</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Opportunity to testify and 
                        offer evidence.--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) Petitioner.--The 
                                petitioner may testify or offer 
                                evidence at the expungement hearing in 
                                support of expungement.</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) Prosecutor.--The 
                                Attorney General may send a 
                                representative to testify or offer 
                                evidence at the expungement hearing in 
                                support of or against 
                                expungement.</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(III) Other 
                                individuals.--An individual who 
                                receives notice under subparagraph 
                                (A)(ii) may testify or offer evidence 
                                at the expungement hearing as to the 
                                issues described in subclauses (I) and 
                                (II) of that subparagraph.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Basis for decision.--The court shall 
                determine whether to grant an expungement petition 
                after considering--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) the petition and any 
                        documents in the possession of the 
                        court;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) all the evidence and 
                        testimony presented at the expungement hearing, 
                        if such a hearing is conducted;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) the best interests of the 
                        petitioner;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) the age of the petitioner 
                        during his or her contact with the court or any 
                        law enforcement agency;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(v) the nature of the juvenile 
                        nonviolent offense;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(vi) the disposition of the 
                        case;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(vii) the manner in which the 
                        petitioner participated in any court-ordered 
                        rehabilitative programming or supervised 
                        services;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(viii) the length of the time 
                        period during which the petitioner has been 
                        without contact with any court or any law 
                        enforcement agency;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ix) whether the petitioner has 
                        had any criminal or juvenile delinquency 
                        involvement since the disposition of the 
                        juvenile delinquency proceeding; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(x) the adverse consequences the 
                        petitioner may suffer if the petition is not 
                        granted.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Waiting period after denial.--If the 
                court denies an expungement petition, the petitioner 
                may not file a new expungement petition with respect to 
                the same offense until the date that is 2 years after 
                the date of the denial.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) Universal form.--The Director of the 
                Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall 
                create a universal form, available over the Internet 
                and in paper form, that an individual may use to file 
                an expungement petition.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(F) No fee for indigent petitioners.--If 
                the court determines that the petitioner is indigent, 
                there shall be no cost for filing an expungement 
                petition.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(G) Reporting.--Not later than 2 years 
                after the date of enactment of this section, and each 
                year thereafter, the Director of the Administrative 
                Office of the United States Courts shall issue a public 
                report that--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) describes--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) the number of 
                                expungement petitions granted and 
                                denied under this subsection; 
                                and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) the number of 
                                instances in which the Attorney General 
                                supported or opposed an expungement 
                                petition;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) includes any supporting 
                        data that the Director determines relevant and 
                        that does not name any petitioner; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) disaggregates all relevant 
                        data by race, ethnicity, gender, and the nature 
                        of the offense.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(H) Public defender eligibility.--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) Petitioners under age 18.--
                        The district court shall appoint counsel in 
                        accordance with the plan of the district court 
                        in operation under section 3006A to represent a 
                        petitioner for purposes of this subsection if 
                        the petitioner is less than 18 years of 
                        age.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Petitioners age 18 and 
                        older.--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) Discretion of 
                                court.--In the case of a petitioner who 
                                is not less than 18 years of age, the 
                                district court may, in its discretion, 
                                appoint counsel in accordance with the 
                                plan of the district court in operation 
                                under section 3006A to represent the 
                                petitioner for purposes of this 
                                subsection.</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) Considerations.--In 
                                determining whether to appoint counsel 
                                under subclause (I), the court shall 
                                consider--</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(aa) the 
                                        anticipated complexity of the 
                                        expungement hearing, including 
                                        the number and type of 
                                        witnesses called to advocate 
                                        against the expungement of the 
                                        records of the petitioner; 
                                        and</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(bb) the 
                                        potential for adverse testimony 
                                        by a victim or a representative 
                                        of the Attorney 
                                        General.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(c) Effect of Expunged Juvenile Record.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Protection from perjury laws.--Except as 
        provided in paragraph (4)(C), if a court orders the expungement 
        of a juvenile record of a person under subsection (a) or (b) 
        with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the person shall 
        not be held under any provision of law to be guilty of perjury, 
        false swearing, or making a false statement by reason of the 
        person's failure to recite or acknowledge the offense and any 
        arrest, juvenile delinquency proceeding, adjudication, or other 
        result of such proceeding relating to the offense in response 
        to an inquiry made of the person for any purpose.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Verification of expungement.--If a court 
        orders the expungement of a juvenile record under subsection 
        (a) or (b) with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the 
        court shall--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) send a copy of the expungement order 
                to each entity or person known to the court that 
                possesses a record relating to the offense, including 
                each--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) law enforcement agency; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) public or private 
                        correctional or detention facility;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) in the expungement order--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) require each entity or 
                        person described in subparagraph (A) to--
                        </DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) seal the record for 
                                1 year and, during that 1-year period, 
                                apply paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 
                                5043(c) with respect to the 
                                record;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) on the date that is 
                                1 year after the date of the order, 
                                destroy the record unless a subsequent 
                                incident described in subsection (d)(2) 
                                occurs; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(III) submit a written 
                                certification to the court, under 
                                penalty of perjury, that the entity or 
                                person has destroyed each paper and 
                                electronic copy of the record; 
                                and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) explain that if a 
                        subsequent incident described in subsection 
                        (d)(2) occurs, the order shall be vacated and 
                        the record shall no longer be sealed;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) on the date that is 1 year after the 
                date of the order, destroy each paper and electronic 
                copy of the record in the possession of the court 
                unless a subsequent incident described in subsection 
                (d)(2) occurs; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) after receiving a written 
                certification from each entity or person under 
                subparagraph (B)(i)(III), notify the petitioner that 
                each entity or person described in subparagraph (A) has 
                destroyed each paper and electronic copy of the 
                record.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Reply to inquiries.--On and after the date 
        that is 1 year after the date on which a court orders the 
        expungement of a juvenile record of a person under this 
        section, in the case of an inquiry relating to the juvenile 
        record, the court, each law enforcement officer, any agency 
        that provided treatment or rehabilitation services to the 
        person, and the person (except as provided in paragraph (5)) 
        shall reply to the inquiry that no such juvenile record 
        exists.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Civil actions.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--On and after the date 
                on which a court orders the expungement of a juvenile 
                record of a person under this section, if the person 
                brings an action against a law enforcement agency that 
                arrested, or participated in the arrest of, the person 
                for the offense to which the record relates, or against 
                the State or political subdivision of a State of which 
                the law enforcement agency is an agency, in which the 
                contents of the record are relevant to the resolution 
                of the issues presented in the action, there shall be a 
                rebuttable presumption that the defendant has a 
                complete defense to the action.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Showing by plaintiff.--In an action 
                described in subparagraph (A), the plaintiff may rebut 
                the presumption of a complete defense by showing that 
                the contents of the expunged record would not prevent 
                the defendant from being held liable.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Duty to testify as to existence of 
                record.--The court in which an action described in 
                subparagraph (A) is filed may require the plaintiff to 
                state under oath whether the plaintiff had a juvenile 
                record and whether the record was expunged.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Proof of existence of juvenile 
                record.--If the plaintiff in an action described in 
                subparagraph (A) denies the existence of a juvenile 
                record, the defendant may prove the existence of the 
                record in any manner compatible with the applicable 
                laws of evidence.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) Criminal and juvenile proceedings.--On and 
        after the date that is 1 year after the date on which a court 
        orders the expungement of a juvenile record under this section, 
        a prosecutor may disclose underlying information from the 
        juvenile record if the information--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) is derived from a source other than 
                the juvenile record; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) pertains to a potential witness in a 
                Federal or State--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) criminal proceeding; 
                        or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) juvenile delinquency 
                        proceeding.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) Authorization for person to disclose own 
        record.--A person who is the subject of a juvenile record 
        expunged under this section may choose to disclose the 
        record.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(7) Treatment as sealed record during transition 
        period.--During the 1-year period beginning on the date on 
        which a court orders the expungement of a juvenile record under 
        this section, paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 5043(c) shall 
        apply with respect to the record as if the record had been 
        sealed under that section.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(d) Limitation Relating to Subsequent Incidents.--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) After filing and before petition granted.--
        If, after the date on which a person files an expungement 
        petition with respect to a juvenile offense and before the 
        court determines whether to grant the petition, the person is 
        convicted of a crime, adjudicated delinquent for an act of 
        juvenile delinquency, or engaged in active criminal court 
        proceedings or juvenile delinquency proceedings, the court 
        shall deny the petition.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) After petition granted.--If, on or after the 
        date on which a court orders the expungement of a juvenile 
        record of a person under subsection (b), the person is 
        convicted of a crime, adjudicated delinquent for an act of 
        juvenile delinquency, or engaged in active criminal court 
        proceedings or juvenile delinquency proceedings--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) the court that ordered the 
                expungement shall--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) vacate the order; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) notify the person who is 
                        the subject of the juvenile record, and each 
                        entity or person described in subsection 
                        (c)(2)(A), that the order has been vacated; 
                        and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) the record shall no longer be 
                sealed.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(e) Inclusion of State Juvenile Delinquency 
Adjudications and Proceedings.--For purposes of subparagraphs (A) and 
(B) of subsection (b)(1) and paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (d), 
the term `juvenile delinquency' includes the violation of a law of a 
State committed by a person before attaining the age of 18 which would 
have been a crime if committed by an adult.''.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Technical and conforming amendment.--The table 
        of sections for chapter 403 of title 18, United States Code, is 
        amended by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>

<DELETED>``5043. Sealing.
<DELETED>``5044. Expungement.''.
        <DELETED>    (3) Applicability.--Sections 5043 and 5044 of 
        title 18, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall 
        apply with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense (as defined 
        in section 5031 of such title, as amended by subsection (b)) 
        that is committed or alleged to have been committed before, on, 
        or after the date of enactment of this Act.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in the amendments made 
by this section shall be construed to authorize the sealing or 
expungement of a record of a criminal conviction of a juvenile who was 
proceeded against as an adult in a district court of the United 
States.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 212. JUVENILE SOLITARY CONFINEMENT.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Chapter 403 of title 18, United States 
Code, as amended by section 211, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>``Sec. 5045. Juvenile solitary confinement</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the term `covered juvenile' means--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) a juvenile who--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) is being proceeded against 
                        under this chapter for an alleged act of 
                        juvenile delinquency; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) has been adjudicated 
                        delinquent under this chapter; or</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) a juvenile who is being proceeded 
                against as an adult in a district court of the United 
                States for an alleged criminal offense;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) the term `juvenile facility' means any 
        facility where covered juveniles are--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) committed pursuant to an 
                adjudication of delinquency under this chapter; 
                or</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) detained prior to disposition or 
                conviction; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) the term `room confinement' means the 
        involuntary placement of a covered juvenile alone in a cell, 
        room, or other area for any reason.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Prohibition on Room Confinement in Juvenile 
Facilities.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--The use of room confinement at 
        a juvenile facility for discipline, punishment, retaliation, or 
        any reason other than as a temporary response to a covered 
        juvenile's behavior that poses a serious and immediate risk of 
        physical harm to any individual, including the covered 
        juvenile, is prohibited.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Juveniles posing risk of harm.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Requirement to use least restrictive 
                techniques.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--Before a staff 
                        member of a juvenile facility places a covered 
                        juvenile in room confinement, the staff member 
                        shall attempt to use less restrictive 
                        techniques, including--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) talking with the 
                                covered juvenile in an attempt to de-
                                escalate the situation; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) permitting a 
                                qualified mental health professional to 
                                talk to the covered juvenile.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Explanation.--If, after 
                        attempting to use less restrictive techniques 
                        as required under clause (i), a staff member of 
                        a juvenile facility decides to place a covered 
                        juvenile in room confinement, the staff member 
                        shall first--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) explain to the 
                                covered juvenile the reasons for the 
                                room confinement; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) inform the covered 
                                juvenile that release from room 
                                confinement will occur--</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(aa) immediately 
                                        when the covered juvenile 
                                        regains self-control, as 
                                        described in subparagraph 
                                        (B)(i); or</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(bb) not later 
                                        than after the expiration of 
                                        the time period described in 
                                        subclause (I) or (II) of 
                                        subparagraph (B)(ii), as 
                                        applicable.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Maximum period of confinement.--If a 
                covered juvenile is placed in room confinement because 
                the covered juvenile poses a serious and immediate risk 
                of physical harm to himself or herself, or to others, 
                the covered juvenile shall be released--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) immediately when the covered 
                        juvenile has sufficiently gained control so as 
                        to no longer engage in behavior that threatens 
                        serious and immediate risk of physical harm to 
                        himself or herself, or to others; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) if a covered juvenile does 
                        not sufficiently gain control as described in 
                        clause (i), not later than--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) 3 hours after being 
                                placed in room confinement, in the case 
                                of a covered juvenile who poses a 
                                serious and immediate risk of physical 
                                harm to others; or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) 30 minutes after 
                                being placed in room confinement, in 
                                the case of a covered juvenile who 
                                poses a serious and immediate risk of 
                                physical harm only to himself or 
                                herself.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Risk of harm after maximum period of 
                confinement.--If, after the applicable maximum period 
                of confinement under subclause (I) or (II) of 
                subparagraph (B)(ii) has expired, a covered juvenile 
                continues to pose a serious and immediate risk of 
                physical harm described in that subclause--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) the covered juvenile shall 
                        be transferred to another juvenile facility or 
                        internal location where services can be 
                        provided to the covered juvenile without 
                        relying on room confinement; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) if a qualified mental 
                        health professional believes the level of 
                        crisis service needed is not currently 
                        available, a staff member of the juvenile 
                        facility shall initiate a referral to a 
                        location that can meet the needs of the covered 
                        juvenile.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Spirit and purpose.--The use of 
                consecutive periods of room confinement to evade the 
                spirit and purpose of this subsection shall be 
                prohibited.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of 
sections for chapter 403 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by 
section 211, is amended by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>

<DELETED>``5045. Juvenile solitary confinement.''.

<DELETED>SEC. 213. ENSURING ACCURACY OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL 
              RECORDS.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    (a) In General.--Section 534 of title 28, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(g) Ensuring Accuracy of Federal Criminal Records.--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) the term `applicant' means the 
                individual to whom a record sought to be exchanged 
                pertains;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) the term `incomplete', with respect 
                to a record, means the record--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) indicates that an individual 
                        was arrested but does not describe the offense 
                        for which the individual was arrested; 
                        or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) indicates that an 
                        individual was arrested or criminal proceedings 
                        were instituted against an individual but does 
                        not include the final disposition of the arrest 
                        or of the proceedings if a final disposition 
                        has been reached;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) the term `record' means a record or 
                other information collected under this section that 
                relates to--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) an arrest by a Federal law 
                        enforcement officer; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) a Federal criminal 
                        proceeding;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) the term `reporting jurisdiction' 
                means any person or entity that provides a record to 
                the Attorney General under this section; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) the term `requesting entity'--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) means a person or entity 
                        that seeks the exchange of a record for civil 
                        purposes that include employment, housing, 
                        credit, or any other type of application; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) does not include a law 
                        enforcement or intelligence agency that seeks 
                        the exchange of a record for--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) investigative 
                                purposes; or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) purposes relating 
                                to law enforcement 
                                employment.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Incomplete or inaccurate records.--The 
        Attorney General shall establish and enforce procedures to 
        ensure the prompt release of accurate records exchanged for 
        employment-related purposes through the records system created 
        under this section.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Required procedures.--The procedures 
        established under paragraph (2) shall include the 
        following:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Inaccurate record or information.--
                If the Attorney General determines that a record is 
                inaccurate, the Attorney General shall promptly correct 
                the record, including by making deletions to the record 
                if appropriate.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Incomplete record.--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--If the Attorney 
                        General determines that a record is incomplete 
                        or cannot be verified, the Attorney General--
                        </DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) shall attempt to 
                                complete or verify the record; 
                                and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) if unable to 
                                complete or verify the record, may 
                                promptly make any changes or deletions 
                                to the record.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Lack of disposition of 
                        arrest.--For purposes of this subparagraph, an 
                        incomplete record includes a record that 
                        indicates there was an arrest and does not 
                        include the disposition of the 
                        arrest.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) Obtaining disposition of 
                        arrest.--If the Attorney General determines 
                        that a record is an incomplete record described 
                        in clause (ii), the Attorney General shall, not 
                        later than 10 days after the date on which the 
                        requesting entity requests the exchange and 
                        before the exchange is made, obtain the 
                        disposition (if any) of the arrest.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Notification of reporting 
                jurisdiction.--The Attorney General shall notify each 
                appropriate reporting jurisdiction of any action taken 
                under subparagraph (A) or (B).</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Opportunity to review records by 
                applicant.--In connection with an exchange of a record 
                under this section, the Attorney General shall--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) notify the applicant that 
                        the applicant can obtain a copy of the record 
                        as described in clause (ii) if the applicant 
                        demonstrates a reasonable basis for the 
                        applicant's review of the record;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) provide to the applicant an 
                        opportunity, upon request and in accordance 
                        with clause (i), to--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) obtain a copy of the 
                                record; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) challenge the 
                                accuracy and completeness of the 
                                record;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) promptly notify the 
                        requesting entity of any such 
                        challenge;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) not later than 30 days 
                        after the date on which the challenge is made, 
                        complete an investigation of the 
                        challenge;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(v) provide to the applicant the 
                        specific findings and results of that 
                        investigation;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(vi) promptly make any changes 
                        or deletions to the records required as a 
                        result of the challenge; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(vii) report those changes to 
                        the requesting entity.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) Certain exchanges prohibited.--
                </DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) In general.--An exchange 
                        shall not include any record--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) except as provided 
                                in clause (ii), about an arrest more 
                                than 2 years old as of the date of the 
                                request for the exchange, that does not 
                                also include a disposition (if any) of 
                                that arrest;</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) relating to an 
                                adult or juvenile nonserious offense of 
                                the sort described in section 20.32(b) 
                                of title 28, Code of Federal 
                                Regulations, as in effect on July 1, 
                                2009; or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(III) to the extent the 
                                record is not clearly an arrest or a 
                                disposition of an arrest.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Applicants for sensitive 
                        positions.--The prohibition under clause (i)(I) 
                        shall not apply in the case of a background 
                        check that relates to--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) law enforcement 
                                employment; or</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) any position that a 
                                Federal agency designates as a--
                                </DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(aa) national 
                                        security position; or</DELETED>
                                        <DELETED>    ``(bb) high-risk, 
                                        public trust 
                                        position.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Fees.--The Attorney General may collect a 
        reasonable fee for an exchange of records for employment-
        related purposes through the records system created under this 
        section to defray the costs associated with exchanges for those 
        purposes, including any costs associated with the investigation 
        of inaccurate or incomplete records.''.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (b) Regulations on Reasonable Procedures.--Not later than 
1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General 
shall issue regulations to carry out section 534(g) of title 28, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    (c) Report.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``record'' has the meaning given the term in subsection (g) of 
        section 534 of title 28, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    (2) Report required.--Not later than 2 years after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the implementation of subsection 
        (g) of section 534 of title 28, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a), that includes--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (A) the number of exchanges of records for 
                employment-related purposes made with entities in each 
                State through the records system created under such 
                section 534;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (B) any prolonged failure of a Federal 
                agency to comply with a request by the Attorney General 
                for information about dispositions of arrests; 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    (C) the numbers of successful and 
                unsuccessful challenges to the accuracy and 
                completeness of records, organized by the Federal 
                agency from which each record originated.</DELETED>

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Sentencing Reform 
and Corrections Act of 2015''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

                       TITLE I--SENTENCING REFORM

Sec. 101. Reduce and restrict enhanced sentencing for prior drug 
                            felonies.
Sec. 102. Broadening of existing safety valve.
Sec. 103. Limitation on application of the 10-year mandatory minimum.
Sec. 104. Clarification of section 924(c) of title 18, United States 
                            Code.
Sec. 105. Amendment to certain penalties for certain firearm offenses 
                            and armed career criminal provision.
Sec. 106. Application of Fair Sentencing Act.
Sec. 107. Mandatory minimum sentences for domestic violence offenses.
Sec. 108. Minimum term of imprisonment for certain acts relating to the 
                            provision of controlled goods or services 
                            to terrorists or proliferators of weapons 
                            of mass destruction.
Sec. 109. Inventory of Federal criminal offenses.

                       TITLE II--CORRECTIONS ACT

Sec. 201. Short title.
Sec. 202. Recidivism reduction programming and productive activities.
Sec. 203. Post-sentencing risk and needs assessment system.
Sec. 204. Prerelease custody.
Sec. 205. Reports.
Sec. 206. Additional tools to promote recovery and prevent drug and 
                            alcohol abuse and dependence.
Sec. 207. Eric Williams Correctional Officer Protection Act.
Sec. 208. Promoting successful reentry.
Sec. 209. Parole for juveniles.
Sec. 210. Compassionate release initiative.
Sec. 211. Juvenile sealing and expungement.
Sec. 212. Juvenile solitary confinement.
Sec. 213. Ensuring accuracy of Federal criminal records.

                       TITLE I--SENTENCING REFORM

SEC. 101. REDUCE AND RESTRICT ENHANCED SENTENCING FOR PRIOR DRUG 
              FELONIES.

    (a) Controlled Substances Act Amendments.--The Controlled 
Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 102 (21 U.S.C. 802), by adding at the end 
        the following:
            ``(57) The term `serious drug felony' means an offense 
        described in section 924(e)(2)(A) of title 18, United States 
        Code, for which the offender served a term of imprisonment of 
        more than 12 months.
            ``(58) The term `serious violent felony' means--
                    ``(A) an offense described in section 3559(c)(2)(F) 
                of title 18, United States Code, for which the offender 
                served a term of imprisonment of more than 12 months; 
                and
                    ``(B) any offense that would be a felony violation 
                of section 113 of title 18, United States Code, if the 
                offense were committed in the special maritime and 
                territorial jurisdiction of the United States, for 
                which the offender served a term of imprisonment of 
                more than 12 months.''; and
            (2) in section 401(b)(1) (21 U.S.C. 841(b)(1))--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), in the flush text 
                following clause (viii)--
                            (i) by striking ``If any person commits 
                        such a violation after a prior conviction for a 
                        felony drug offense has become final, such 
                        person shall be sentenced to a term of 
                        imprisonment which may not be less than 20 
                        years'' and inserting the following: ``If any 
                        person commits such a violation after a prior 
                        conviction for a serious drug felony or serious 
                        violent felony has become final, such person 
                        shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 
                        not less than 15 years''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``after two or more prior 
                        convictions for a felony drug offense have 
                        become final, such person shall be sentenced to 
                        a mandatory term of life imprisonment without 
                        release'' and inserting the following: ``after 
                        2 or more prior convictions for a serious drug 
                        felony or serious violent felony have become 
                        final, such person shall be sentenced to a term 
                        of imprisonment of not less than 25 years''; 
                        and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), in the flush text 
                following clause (viii), by striking ``If any person 
                commits such a violation after a prior conviction for a 
                felony drug offense has become final'' and inserting 
                the following: ``If any person commits such a violation 
                after a prior conviction for a serious drug felony or 
                serious violent felony has become final''.
    (b) Controlled Substances Import and Export Act Amendments.--
Section 1010(b) of the Controlled Substances Import and Export Act (21 
U.S.C. 960(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), in the flush text following 
        subparagraph (H), by striking ``If any person commits such a 
        violation after a prior conviction for a felony drug offense 
        has become final, such person shall be sentenced to a term of 
        imprisonment of not less than 20 years'' and inserting ``If any 
        person commits such a violation after a prior conviction for a 
        serious drug felony or serious violent felony has become final, 
        such person shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of not 
        less than 15 years''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), in the flush text following 
        subparagraph (H), by striking ``felony drug offense'' and 
        inserting ``serious drug felony or serious violent felony''.
    (c) Applicability to Pending and Past Cases.--
            (1) Pending cases.--This section, and the amendments made 
        by this section, shall apply to any offense that was committed 
        before the date of enactment of this Act, if a sentence for the 
        offense has not been imposed as of such date of enactment.
            (2) Past cases.--
                    (A) In general.--In the case of a defendant who, 
                before the date of enactment of this Act, was convicted 
                of an offense for which the penalty is amended by this 
                section and was sentenced to a term of imprisonment for 
                the offense, the sentencing court may, on motion of the 
                defendant or the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, or 
                on its own motion, upon prior notice to the Government, 
                reduce the term of imprisonment for the offense, after 
                considering the factors set forth in section 3553(a) of 
                title 18, United States Code, the nature and 
                seriousness of the danger to any person, the community, 
                or any crime victims, and the post-sentencing conduct 
                of the defendant, if such a reduction is consistent 
                with this section and the amendments made by this 
                section. Any proceeding under this paragraph shall be 
                subject to section 3771 of title 18, United States Code 
                (the Crime Victims Rights Act).
                    (B) Requirement.--For each motion filed under 
                subparagraph (A), the Government shall conduct a 
                particularized inquiry of the facts and circumstances 
                of the original sentencing of the defendant in order to 
                assess whether a reduction in sentence would be 
                consistent with this section and the amendments made by 
                this section.

SEC. 102. BROADENING OF EXISTING SAFETY VALVE.

    (a) Amendments.--Section 3553 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) the defendant does not have--
                    ``(A) more than 4 criminal history points, as 
                determined under the sentencing guidelines;
                    ``(B) a prior 3-point offense, as determined under 
                the sentencing guidelines; and
                    ``(C) a prior 2-point drug trafficking or violent 
                offense, as determined under the sentencing 
                guidelines;''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Inadequacy of Criminal History.--
            ``(1) In general.--If subsection (f) does not apply to a 
        defendant because the defendant does not meet the requirements 
        described in subsection (f)(1) (relating to criminal history), 
        the court may, upon prior notice to the Government, waive 
        subsection (f)(1) if the court specifies in writing the 
        specific reasons why reliable information indicates that 
        excluding the defendant pursuant to subsection (f)(1) 
        substantially overrepresents the seriousness of the defendant's 
        criminal history or the likelihood that the defendant will 
        commit other crimes.
            ``(2) Prohibition.--This subsection shall not apply to any 
        defendant who has been convicted of a serious drug felony or a 
        serious violent felony as defined in paragraphs (57) and (58), 
        respectively, of section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act 
        (21 U.S.C. 802).
    ``(h) Definitions.--As used in this section--
            ``(1) the term `drug trafficking offense' means an offense 
        that is punishable by imprisonment under any law of the United 
        States, or of a State or foreign country, that prohibits or 
        restricts the importation, manufacture, or distribution of 
        controlled substances or the possession of controlled 
        substances with intent to distribute; and
            ``(2) the term `violent offense' means a `crime of 
        violence', as defined in section 16, that is punishable by 
        imprisonment.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
only to a conviction entered on or after the date of enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 103. LIMITATION ON APPLICATION OF THE 10-YEAR MANDATORY MINIMUM.

    (a) Amendment.--Section 3553 of title 18, United States Code, as 
amended by section 102, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Limitation on Applicability of Certain Statutory Minimums.--
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the case of a conviction 
under section 401 or 406 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 
841 and 846) or section 1010 or 1013 of the Controlled Substances 
Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 960 and 963) for which the statutory 
minimum term of imprisonment is 10 years, the court may impose a 
sentence as if the statutory minimum term of imprisonment was 5 years, 
if the court finds at sentencing, after the Government has been 
afforded the opportunity to make a recommendation, that--
            ``(1) the defendant does not have a prior conviction for a 
        serious drug felony or serious violent felony as defined in 
        paragraphs (57) and (58), respectively, of section 102 of the 
        Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802) that was made final 
        prior to the commission of the instant offense;
            ``(2) the defendant did not use violence or credible 
        threats of violence or possess a firearm or other dangerous 
        weapon (or induce another participant to do so) in connection 
        with the offense, and the offense did not result in death or 
        serious bodily injury to any person;
            ``(3) the defendant did not play an enhanced role in the 
        offense by acting as an organizer, leader, manager, or 
        supervisor of other participants in the offense, as determined 
        under the sentencing guidelines, or by exercising substantial 
        authority or control over the criminal activity of a criminal 
        organization, regardless of whether the defendant was a member 
        of such organization;
            ``(4) the defendant did not act as an importer, exporter, 
        or high-level distributor or supplier, a wholesaler, or a 
        manufacturer of the controlled substances involved in the 
        offense or engage in a continuing criminal enterprise, as 
        defined in section 408 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 
        U.S.C. 848);
            ``(5) the defendant did not distribute a controlled 
        substance to or with a person under 18 years of age; and
            ``(6) not later than the time of the sentencing hearing, 
        the defendant has truthfully provided to the Government all 
        information and evidence the defendant has concerning the 
        offense or offenses that were part of the same course of 
        conduct or of a common scheme or plan, but the fact that the 
        defendant has no relevant or useful other information to 
        provide or that the Government is already aware of the 
        information shall not preclude a determination by the court 
        that the defendant has complied with this requirement.
    ``(j) Definitions.--As used in subsection (i) of this section--
            ``(1) the term `importer, exporter, or high-level 
        distributor or supplier'--
                    ``(A) means a defendant who imported, exported, or 
                otherwise distributed or supplied large quantities of a 
                controlled substance to other drug distributors; and
                    ``(B) does not include a defendant whose role was 
                limited to transporting drugs or money at the direction 
                of others;
            ``(2) the term `manufacturer' means a defendant who grew, 
        produced, or manufactured a controlled substance and was the 
        principal owner of such controlled substance; and
            ``(3) the term `wholesaler' means a defendant who sold non-
        retail quantities of a controlled substance to other dealers or 
        distributors.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by this section shall apply 
only to a conviction entered on or after the date of enactment of this 
Act.

SEC. 104. CLARIFICATION OF SECTION 924(C) OF TITLE 18, UNITED STATES 
              CODE.

    (a) In General.--Section 924(c)(1)(C) of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
        ``second or subsequent conviction under this subsection'' and 
        inserting ``violation of this subsection that occurs after a 
        prior conviction under this subsection or under State law for a 
        crime of violence that contains as an element of the offense 
        the carrying, brandishing, or use of a firearm has become 
        final''; and
            (2) in clause (i), by striking ``not less than 25 years'' 
        and inserting ``not less than 15 years''.
    (b) Applicability to Pending and Past Cases.--
            (1) Pending cases.--This section, and the amendments made 
        by this section, shall apply to any offense that was committed 
        before the date of enactment of this Act, if a sentence for the 
        offense has not been imposed as of such date of enactment.
            (2) Past cases.--
                    (A) In general.--In the case of a defendant who, 
                before the date of enactment of this Act, was convicted 
                of an offense for which the penalty is amended by this 
                section and was sentenced to a term of imprisonment for 
                the offense, the sentencing court may, on motion of the 
                defendant or the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, or 
                on its own motion, upon prior notice to the Government, 
                reduce the term of imprisonment for the offense, after 
                considering the factors set forth in section 3553(a) of 
                title 18, United States Code, the nature and 
                seriousness of the danger to any person, the community, 
                or any crime victims, and the post-sentencing conduct 
                of the defendant, if such a reduction is consistent 
                with this section and the amendments made by this 
                section. Any proceeding under this paragraph shall be 
                subject to section 3771 of title 18, United States Code 
                (the Crime Victims' Rights Act).
                    (B) Requirement.--For each motion filed under 
                subparagraph (A), the Government shall conduct a 
                particularized inquiry of the facts and circumstances 
                of the original sentencing of the defendant in order to 
                assess whether a reduction in sentence would be 
                consistent with this section and the amendments made by 
                this section.

SEC. 105. AMENDMENT TO CERTAIN PENALTIES FOR CERTAIN FIREARM OFFENSES 
              AND ARMED CAREER CRIMINAL PROVISION.

    (a) Amendments.--Section 924 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``not more than 10 
        years'' and inserting ``not more than 15 years''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``not less than 
        fifteen years'' and inserting ``not less than 10 years''.
    (b) Applicability to Pending and Past Cases.--
            (1) Pending cases.--This section, and the amendments made 
        by this section, shall apply to any offense that was committed 
        before the date of enactment of this Act, if a sentence for the 
        offense has not been imposed as of such date of enactment.
            (2) Past cases.--
                    (A) In general.--In the case of a defendant who, 
                before the date of enactment of this Act, was convicted 
                of an offense for which the penalty is amended by this 
                section and was sentenced to a term of imprisonment for 
                the offense, the sentencing court may, on motion of the 
                defendant or the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, or 
                on its own motion, upon prior notice to the Government, 
                reduce the term of imprisonment for the offense, after 
                considering the factors set forth in section 3553(a) of 
                title 18, United States Code, the nature and 
                seriousness of the danger to any person, the community, 
                or any crime victims, and the post-sentencing conduct 
                of the defendant, if such a reduction is consistent 
                with this section and the amendments made by this 
                section. Any proceeding under this paragraph shall be 
                subject to section 3771 of title 18, United States Code 
                (the Crime Victims Rights Act).
                    (B) Requirement.--For each motion filed under 
                subparagraph (A), the Government shall conduct a 
                particularized inquiry of the facts and circumstances 
                of the original sentencing of the defendant in order to 
                assess whether a reduction in sentence would be 
                consistent with this section and the amendments made by 
                this section.

SEC. 106. APPLICATION OF FAIR SENTENCING ACT.

    (a) Definition of Covered Offense.--In this section, the term 
``covered offense'' means a violation of a Federal criminal statute, 
the statutory penalties for which were modified by section 2 or 3 of 
the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-220; 124 Stat. 2372), 
that was committed before August 3, 2010.
    (b) Defendants Previously Sentenced.--A court that imposed a 
sentence for a covered offense, may, on motion of the defendant, the 
Director of the Bureau of Prisons, the attorney for the Government, or 
the court, impose a reduced sentence as if sections 2 and 3 of the Fair 
Sentencing Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-220; 124 Stat. 2372) were in 
effect at the time the covered offense was committed.
    (c) Limitations.--No court shall entertain a motion made under this 
section to reduce a sentence if the sentence was previously imposed or 
previously reduced in accordance with the amendments made by sections 2 
and 3 of the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-220; 124 Stat. 
2372) or if a previous motion made under this section to reduce the 
sentence was, after the date of enactment of this Act, denied after a 
complete review of the motion on the merits. Nothing in this section 
shall be construed to require a court to reduce any sentence pursuant 
to this section.

SEC. 107. MANDATORY MINIMUM SENTENCES FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENSES.

    Section 2261(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) if death of the victim results--
                    ``(A) in the case of a violation of this section, 
                for any term of years not less than 10 or for life; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a violation of section 2261A, 
                for life or any term of years;
            ``(2) if permanent disfigurement or life threatening bodily 
        injury to the victim results--
                    ``(A) in the case of a violation of this section, 
                for not more than 25 years; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a violation of section 2261A, 
                for not more than 20 years;
            ``(3) if serious bodily injury to the victim results or if 
        the offender uses a dangerous weapon during the offense--
                    ``(A) in the case of a violation of this section, 
                for not more than 15 years; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a violation of section 2261A, 
                for not more than 10 years;''.

SEC. 108. MINIMUM TERM OF IMPRISONMENT FOR CERTAIN ACTS RELATING TO THE 
              PROVISION OF CONTROLLED GOODS OR SERVICES TO TERRORISTS 
              OR PROLIFERATORS OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION.

    Section 206 of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 
U.S.C. 1705) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``A person'' and 
        inserting ``Subject to subsection (d), a person''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Minimum Term of Imprisonment for Certain Acts Relating to the 
Provision of Controlled Goods or Services to Terrorists or 
Proliferators of Weapons of Mass Destruction.--
            ``(1) In general.--A person who willfully commits, 
        willfully attempts to commit, or willfully conspires to commit, 
        solicits the commission of, or aids or abets in the commission 
        of, an unlawful act described in paragraph (2) shall, upon 
        conviction, be imprisoned for a term of not less than 5 years. 
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a court shall not 
        place on probation any person sentenced under this subsection.
            ``(2) Unlawful acts described.--An unlawful act described 
        in this paragraph is an unlawful act described in subsection 
        (a) that involves--
                    ``(A) the provision of controlled goods or services 
                to or for the use of--
                            ``(i) a state sponsor of terrorism;
                            ``(ii) an organization designated as a 
                        foreign terrorist organization under section 
                        219(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
                        (8 U.S.C. 1189(a)); or
                            ``(iii) a person on the list of specially 
                        designated nationals and blocked persons 
                        maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets 
                        Control of the Department of the Treasury;
                    ``(B) the provision of goods or services, without a 
                license or other written approval of the United States 
                Government, to any person in connection with a program 
                or effort of a foreign country or foreign person to 
                develop weapons of mass destruction; or
                    ``(C) the provision of defense articles or defense 
                services, without a license or other written approval 
                of the Department of State, to, or for the use of, a 
                country subject to an arms embargo by the United 
                States.
            ``(3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Controlled goods or services.--The term 
                `controlled goods or services' means any article, item, 
                technical data, service, or technology listed or 
                included in--
                            ``(i) the United States Munitions List 
                        maintained pursuant to part 121 of title 22, 
                        Code of Federal Regulations;
                            ``(ii) the Commerce Control List maintained 
                        pursuant to part 774 of title 15, Code of 
                        Federal Regulations; or
                            ``(iii) any successor to the United States 
                        Munitions List or the Commerce Control List.
                    ``(B) Country subject to an arms embargo.--The term 
                `country subject to an arms embargo' means any foreign 
                country listed in section 126.1 of title 22, Code of 
                Federal Regulations (or any corresponding similar 
                regulation or ruling), for which--
                            ``(i) an embargo or prohibition exists on 
                        the export of defense articles or defense 
                        services; or
                            ``(ii) the policy of the United States is 
                        to deny licenses and other approvals for the 
                        export of defense articles and defense 
                        services.
                    ``(C) Defense article; defense service.--The terms 
                `defense article' and `defense service' have the 
                meanings given those terms in section 47 of the Arms 
                Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794).
                    ``(D) State sponsor of terrorism.--The term `state 
                sponsor of terrorism' means any foreign country, or 
                political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality of a 
                foreign country, if the Secretary of State has 
                determined that the government of the country has 
                repeatedly provided support for acts of international 
                terrorism pursuant to--
                            ``(i) section 6(j)(1)(A) of the Export 
                        Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 
                        2405(j)(1)(A)) (as in effect pursuant to this 
                        Act);
                            ``(ii) section 40(d) of the Arms Export 
                        Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2780(d));
                            ``(iii) section 620A(a) of the Foreign 
                        Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371(a)); or
                            ``(iv) any other provision of law.
                    ``(E) Weapon of mass destruction.--The term `weapon 
                of mass destruction' has the meaning given that term in 
                section 2332a of title 18, United States Code.''.

SEC. 109. INVENTORY OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL OFFENSES.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``criminal regulatory offense'' means a 
        Federal regulation that is enforceable by a criminal penalty;
            (2) the term ``criminal statutory offense'' means a 
        criminal offense under a Federal statute; and
            (3) the term ``Executive agency''--
                    (A) has the meaning given the term in section 105 
                of title 5, United States Code; and
                    (B) includes the United States Postal Service and 
                the Postal Regulatory Commission.
    (b) Report on Criminal Statutory Offenses.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall 
submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the 
Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report, 
which shall include--
            (1) a list of all criminal statutory offenses, including a 
        list of the elements for each criminal statutory offense; and
            (2) for each criminal statutory offense listed under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the potential criminal penalty for the criminal 
                statutory offense;
                    (B) the number of violations of the criminal 
                statutory offense referred to the Department of Justice 
                by an Executive agency for prosecution in each of the 
                years during the 15-year period preceding the date of 
                enactment of this Act;
                    (C) the number of prosecutions for the criminal 
                statutory offense brought by the Department of Justice 
                each year for the 15-year period preceding the date of 
                enactment of this Act;
                    (D) the number of prosecutions for the criminal 
                statutory offense brought by the Department of Justice 
                that have resulted in conviction for each year of the 
                15-year period preceding the date of enactment of this 
                Act;
                    (E) the number of convictions for the criminal 
                statutory offense that have resulted in imprisonment 
                for each year of the 15-year period preceding the date 
                of enactment of this Act;
                    (F) the average length of sentence of imprisonment 
                imposed as a result of conviction for the criminal 
                statutory offense during each year of the 15-year 
                period preceding the date of enactment of this Act;
                    (G) the mens rea requirement for the criminal 
                statutory offense; and
                    (H) the number of prosecutions for the criminal 
                statutory offense in which the Department of Justice 
                was not required to prove mens rea as a component of 
                the offense.
    (c) Report on Criminal Regulatory Offenses.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the head of each Executive 
agency shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and 
the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a 
report, which shall include--
            (1) a list of all criminal regulatory offenses enforceable 
        by the agency; and
            (2) for each criminal regulatory offense listed under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the potential criminal penalty for a violation 
                of the criminal regulatory offense;
                    (B) the number of violations of the criminal 
                regulatory offense referred to the Department of 
                Justice for prosecution in each of the years during the 
                15-year period preceding the date of enactment of this 
                Act;
                    (C) the number of prosecutions for the criminal 
                regulatory offense brought by the Department of Justice 
                each year for the 15-year period preceding the date of 
                enactment of this Act;
                    (D) the number of prosecutions for the criminal 
                regulatory offense brought by the Department of Justice 
                that have resulted in conviction for each year of the 
                15-year period preceding the date of enactment of this 
                Act;
                    (E) the number of convictions for the criminal 
                regulatory offense that have resulted in imprisonment 
                for each year of the 15-year period preceding the date 
                of enactment of this Act;
                    (F) the average length of sentence of imprisonment 
                imposed as a result of conviction for the criminal 
                regulatory offense during each year of the 15-year 
                period preceding the date of enactment of this Act;
                    (G) the mens rea requirement for the criminal 
                regulatory offense; and
                    (H) the number of prosecutions for the criminal 
                regulatory offense in which the Department of Justice 
                was not required to prove mens rea as a component of 
                the offense.
    (d) Index.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act--
            (1) the Attorney General shall establish a publically 
        accessible index of each criminal statutory offense listed in 
        the report required under subsection (b) and make the index 
        available and freely accessible on the website of the 
        Department of Justice; and
            (2) the head of each Executive agency shall establish a 
        publically accessible index of each criminal regulatory offense 
        listed in the report required under subsection (c) and make the 
        index available and freely accessible on the website of the 
        agency.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to require or authorize appropriations.

                       TITLE II--CORRECTIONS ACT

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ``Corrections Oversight, Recidivism 
Reduction, and Eliminating Costs for Taxpayers In Our National System 
Act of 2015'' or the ``CORRECTIONS Act''.

SEC. 202. RECIDIVISM REDUCTION PROGRAMMING AND PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Attorney General shall--
            (1) conduct a review of recidivism reduction programming 
        and productive activities, including prison jobs, offered in 
        correctional institutions, including programming and activities 
        offered in State correctional institutions, which shall include 
        a review of research on the effectiveness of such programs;
            (2) conduct a survey to identify products, including 
        products purchased by Federal agencies, that are currently 
        manufactured overseas and could be manufactured by prisoners 
        participating in a prison work program without reducing job 
        opportunities for other workers in the United States; and
            (3) submit to the Committee on the Judiciary and the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the Senate and the Committee on 
        the Judiciary and the Committee on Appropriations of the House 
        of Representatives a strategic plan for the expansion of 
        recidivism reduction programming and productive activities, 
        including prison jobs, in Bureau of Prisons facilities required 
        by section 3621(h)(1) of title 18, United States Code, as added 
        by subsection (b).
    (b) Amendment.--Section 3621 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Recidivism Reduction Programming and Productive Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons, 
        shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, make 
        available to all eligible prisoners appropriate recidivism 
        reduction programming or productive activities, including 
        prison jobs, in accordance with paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Expansion period.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this subsection, 
                the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall have 6 
                years beginning on the date of enactment of this 
                subsection to ensure appropriate recidivism reduction 
                programming and productive activities, including prison 
                jobs, are available for all eligible prisoners.
                    ``(B) Certification.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The National Institute 
                        of Corrections shall evaluate all recidivism 
                        reduction programming or productive activities 
                        that are made available to eligible prisoners 
                        and determine whether such programming or 
                        activities may be certified as evidence-based 
                        and effective at reducing or mitigating 
                        offender risk and recidivism.
                            ``(ii) Considerations.--In determining 
                        whether or not to issue a certification under 
                        clause (i), the National Institute of 
                        Corrections shall consult with internal or 
                        external program evaluation experts, including 
                        the Office of Management and Budget and the 
                        Comptroller General of the United States to 
                        identify appropriate evaluation methodologies 
                        for each type of program offered, and may use 
                        analyses of similar programs conducted in other 
                        correctional settings.
            ``(3) Recidivism reduction partnerships.--Not later than 18 
        months after the date of enactment of this subsection, the 
        Attorney General shall issue regulations requiring the official 
        in charge of each correctional facility to ensure, subject to 
        the availability of appropriations, that appropriate recidivism 
        reduction programming and productive activities, including 
        prison jobs, are available for all eligible prisoners within 
        the time period specified in paragraph (2), by entering into 
        partnerships with the following:
                    ``(A) Nonprofit and other private organizations, 
                including faith-based and community-based 
                organizations, that provide recidivism reduction 
                programming, on a paid or volunteer basis.
                    ``(B) Educational institutions that will deliver 
                academic classes in Bureau of Prisons facilities, on a 
                paid or volunteer basis.
                    ``(C) Private entities that will, on a volunteer 
                basis--
                            ``(i) deliver occupational and vocational 
                        training and certifications in Bureau of 
                        Prisons facilities;
                            ``(ii) provide equipment to facilitate 
                        occupational and vocational training or 
                        employment opportunities for prisoners;
                            ``(iii) employ prisoners; or
                            ``(iv) assist prisoners in prerelease 
                        custody or supervised release in finding 
                        employment.
                    ``(D) Industry-sponsored organizations that deliver 
                workforce development and training that lead to 
                recognized certification and employment.
            ``(4) Assignments.--In assigning prisoners to recidivism 
        reduction programming and productive activities, the Director 
        of the Bureau of Prisons shall use the Post-Sentencing Risk and 
        Needs Assessment System described in section 3621A and shall 
        ensure that--
                    ``(A) to the extent practicable, prisoners are 
                separated from prisoners of other risk classifications 
                in accordance with best practices for effective 
                recidivism reduction;
                    ``(B) a prisoner who has been classified as low 
                risk and without need for recidivism reduction 
                programming shall participate in and successfully 
                complete productive activities, including prison jobs, 
                in order to maintain a low-risk classification;
                    ``(C) a prisoner who has successfully completed all 
                recidivism reduction programming to which the prisoner 
                was assigned shall participate in productive 
                activities, including a prison job; and
                    ``(D) to the extent practicable, each eligible 
                prisoner shall participate in and successfully complete 
                recidivism reduction programming or productive 
                activities, including prison jobs, throughout the 
                entire term of incarceration of the prisoner.
            ``(5) Mentoring services.--Any person who provided 
        mentoring services to a prisoner while the prisoner was in a 
        penal or correctional facility of the Bureau of Prisons shall 
        be permitted to continue such services after the prisoner has 
        been transferred into prerelease custody, unless the person in 
        charge of the penal or correctional facility of the Bureau of 
        Prisons demonstrates, in a written document submitted to the 
        person, that such services would be a significant security risk 
        to the prisoner, persons who provide such services, or any 
        other person.
            ``(6) Recidivism reduction program incentives and 
        rewards.--Prisoners who have successfully completed recidivism 
        reduction programs and productive activities shall be eligible 
        for the following:
                    ``(A) Time credits.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to clauses (ii) 
                        and (iii), a prisoner who has successfully 
                        completed a recidivism reduction program or 
                        productive activity that has been certified 
                        under paragraph (2)(B) shall receive time 
                        credits of 5 days for each period of 30 days of 
                        successful completion of such program or 
                        activity. A prisoner who is classified as low 
                        risk shall receive additional time credits of 5 
                        days for each period of 30 days of successful 
                        completion of such program or activity.
                            ``(ii) Availability.--A prisoner may not 
                        receive time credits under this subparagraph 
                        for successfully completing a recidivism 
                        reduction program or productive activity--
                                    ``(I) before the date of enactment 
                                of this subsection; or
                                    ``(II) during official detention 
                                before the date on which the prisoner's 
                                sentence commences under section 
                                3585(a).
                            ``(iii) Exclusions.--No credit shall be 
                        awarded under this subparagraph to a prisoner 
                        serving a sentence for a second or subsequent 
                        conviction for a Federal offense imposed after 
                        the date on which the prisoner's first such 
                        conviction became final, which shall not 
                        include any offense under section 1152 or 
                        section 1153 for which the prisoner was 
                        sentenced to less than 13 months. No credit 
                        shall be awarded under this subparagraph to a 
                        prisoner with 13 or more criminal history 
                        points, as determined under the sentencing 
                        guidelines, at the time of sentencing, unless 
                        the court determines in writing at sentencing 
                        that the defendant's criminal history category 
                        substantially overrepresents the seriousness of 
                        the defendant's criminal history or the 
                        likelihood that the defendant will commit other 
                        crimes and exercises its authority to lower the 
                        defendant's criminal history category. No 
                        credit shall be awarded under this subparagraph 
                        to any prisoner serving a sentence of 
                        imprisonment for conviction for any of the 
                        following offenses:
                                    ``(I) A Federal crime of terrorism, 
                                as defined under section 2332b(g)(5).
                                    ``(II) A Federal crime of violence, 
                                as defined under section 16.
                                    ``(III) A Federal sex offense, as 
                                described in section 111 of the Sex 
                                Offender Registration and Notification 
                                Act (42 U.S.C. 16911).
                                    ``(IV) Engaging in a continuing 
                                criminal enterprise, as defined in 
                                section 408 of the Controlled 
                                Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 848).
                                    ``(V) A Federal fraud offense for 
                                which the prisoner received a sentence 
                                of imprisonment of more than 15 years.
                                    ``(VI) A Federal crime involving 
                                child exploitation, as defined in 
                                section 2 of the PROTECT Our Children 
                                Act of 2008 (42 U.S.C. 17601).
                                    ``(VII) A violation of--
                                            ``(aa) chapter 11 (relating 
                                        to bribery, graft, and 
                                        conflicts of interest);
                                            ``(bb) chapter 29 (relating 
                                        to elections and political 
                                        activities);
                                            ``(cc) section 1028A, 1031, 
                                        or 1040 (relating to fraud);
                                            ``(dd) chapter 63 involving 
                                        a scheme or artifice to deprive 
                                        another of the intangible right 
                                        of honest services;
                                            ``(ee) chapter 73 (relating 
                                        to obstruction of justice);
                                            ``(ff) chapter 95 or 96 
                                        (relating to racketeering and 
                                        racketeer influenced and 
                                        corrupt organizations); or
                                            ``(gg) chapter 110 
                                        (relating to sexual 
                                        exploitation and other abuse of 
                                        children).
                            ``(iv) Identification of covered 
                        offenses.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                        of enactment of this subsection, the United 
                        States Sentencing Commission shall prepare and 
                        submit to the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
                        a list of all Federal offenses described in 
                        subclauses (I) through (VII) of clause (iii), 
                        and shall update such list on an annual basis.
                    ``(B) Other incentives.--The Bureau of Prisons 
                shall develop policies to provide appropriate 
                incentives for successful completion of recidivism 
                reduction programming and productive activities, other 
                than time credit pursuant to subparagraph (A), 
                including incentives for prisoners who are precluded 
                from earning credit under subparagraph (A)(iii). Such 
                incentives may include additional telephone or 
                visitation privileges for use with family, close 
                friends, mentors, and religious leaders.
                    ``(C) Penalties.--The Bureau of Prisons may reduce 
                rewards a prisoner has previously earned under 
                subparagraph (A) for prisoners who violate the rules of 
                the penal or correctional facility in which the 
                prisoner is imprisoned, a recidivism reduction program, 
                or a productive activity.
                    ``(D) Relation to other incentive programs.--The 
                incentives described in this paragraph shall be in 
                addition to any other rewards or incentives for which a 
                prisoner may be eligible, except that a prisoner shall 
                not be eligible for the time credits described in 
                subparagraph (A) if the prisoner has accrued time 
                credits under another provision of law based solely 
                upon participation in, or successful completion of, 
                such program.
            ``(7) Successful completion.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, a prisoner--
                    ``(A) shall be considered to have successfully 
                completed a recidivism reduction program or productive 
                activity, if the Bureau of Prisons determines that the 
                prisoner--
                            ``(i) regularly attended and participated 
                        in the recidivism reduction program or 
                        productive activity;
                            ``(ii) regularly completed assignments or 
                        tasks in a manner that allowed the prisoner to 
                        realize the criminogenic benefits of the 
                        recidivism reduction program or productive 
                        activity;
                            ``(iii) did not regularly engage in 
                        disruptive behavior that seriously undermined 
                        the administration of the recidivism reduction 
                        program or productive activity; and
                            ``(iv) satisfied the requirements of 
                        clauses (i) through (iii) for a time period 
                        that is not less than 30 days and allowed the 
                        prisoner to realize the criminogenic benefits 
                        of the recidivism reduction program or 
                        productive activity; and
                    ``(B) for purposes of paragraph (6)(A), may be 
                given credit for successful completion of a recidivism 
                reduction program or productive activity for the time 
                period during which the prisoner participated in such 
                program or activity if the prisoner satisfied the 
                requirements of subparagraph (A) during such time 
                period, notwithstanding that the prisoner continues to 
                participate in such program or activity.
            ``(8) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Eligible prisoner.--For purposes of this 
                subsection, the term `eligible prisoner'--
                            ``(i) means a prisoner serving a sentence 
                        of incarceration for conviction of a Federal 
                        offense; and
                            ``(ii) does not include any prisoner who 
                        the Bureau of Prisons determines--
                                    ``(I) is medically unable to 
                                successfully complete recidivism 
                                reduction programming or productive 
                                activities;
                                    ``(II) would present a security 
                                risk if permitted to participate in 
                                recidivism reduction programming; or
                                    ``(III) is serving a sentence of 
                                incarceration of less than 1 month.
                    ``(B) Productive activity.--The term `productive 
                activity'--
                            ``(i) means a group or individual activity, 
                        including holding a job as part of a prison 
                        work program, that is designed to allow 
                        prisoners classified as having a lower risk of 
                        recidivism to maintain such classification, 
                        when offered to such prisoners; and
                            ``(ii) may include the delivery of the 
                        activities described in subparagraph (C)(i)(II) 
                        to other prisoners.
                    ``(C) Recidivism reduction program.--The term 
                `recidivism reduction program' means--
                            ``(i) a group or individual activity that--
                                    ``(I) has been certified to reduce 
                                recidivism or promote successful 
                                reentry; and
                                    ``(II) may include--
                                            ``(aa) classes on social 
                                        learning and life skills;
                                            ``(bb) classes on morals or 
                                        ethics;
                                            ``(cc) academic classes;
                                            ``(dd) cognitive behavioral 
                                        treatment;
                                            ``(ee) mentoring;
                                            ``(ff) occupational and 
                                        vocational training;
                                            ``(gg) faith-based classes 
                                        or services;
                                            ``(hh) domestic violence 
                                        education and deterrence 
                                        programming;
                                            ``(ii) victim-impact 
                                        classes or other restorative 
                                        justice programs;
                                            ``(jj) industry-sponsored 
                                        workforce development, 
                                        education, or training; and
                                            ``(kk) a prison job; and
                            ``(ii) shall include--
                                    ``(I) a productive activity; and
                                    ``(II) recovery programming.
                    ``(D) Recovery programming.--The term `recovery 
                programming' means a course of instruction or 
                activities, other than a course described in subsection 
                (e), that has been demonstrated to reduce drug or 
                alcohol abuse or dependence among participants, or to 
                promote recovery among individuals who have previously 
                abused alcohol or drugs, to include appropriate 
                medication-assisted treatment.''.
    (c) No Consideration of Earned Time Credit Eligibility During 
Sentencing.--
            (1) In general.--Section 3553 of title 18, United States 
        Code, as amended by sections 102 and 103 of this Act, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (b) through (j) as 
                subsections (c) through (k), respectively;
                    (B) in subsection (e)(3), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``subsection (c)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (d)''; and
                    (C) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
                following:
    ``(b) In imposing a sentence, the court shall not consider the 
defendant's eligibility or potential eligibility for credit under 
section 3621(e), 3621(h), or 3624(b) or any similar provision of law, 
but shall not be prohibited from informing the defendant of the 
existence of such credits or related programs.''.
            (2) Technical and conforming amendments.--Section 3742 of 
        title 18, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (e)(3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``section 3553(c)'' and inserting ``section 
                        3553(d)'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking 
                        ``section 3553(b)'' and inserting ``section 
                        3553(c)''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``section 3553(c)'' and inserting ``section 
                        3553(d)'';
                    (B) in subsection (g)(2), by striking ``section 
                3553(c)'' and inserting ``section 3553(d)''; and
                    (C) in subsection (j)(1)(B), by striking ``section 
                3553(b)'' and inserting ``section 3553(c)''.

SEC. 203. POST-SENTENCING RISK AND NEEDS ASSESSMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter C of chapter 229 of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 3621 the following:
``Sec. 3621A. Post-sentencing risk and needs assessment system
    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 30 months after the date of the 
enactment of this section, the Attorney General shall develop for use 
by the Bureau of Prisons an offender risk and needs assessment system, 
to be known as the `Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment System' 
or the `Assessment System', which shall--
            ``(1) assess and determine the recidivism risk level of all 
        prisoners and classify each prisoner as having a low, moderate, 
        or high risk of recidivism;
            ``(2) to the extent practicable, assess and determine the 
        risk of violence of all prisoners;
            ``(3) ensure that, to the extent practicable, low-risk 
        prisoners are grouped together in housing and assignment 
        decisions;
            ``(4) assign each prisoner to appropriate recidivism 
        reduction programs or productive activities based on the 
        prisoner's risk level and the specific criminogenic needs of 
        the prisoner, and in accordance with section 3621(h)(4);
            ``(5) reassess and update the recidivism risk level and 
        programmatic needs of each prisoner pursuant to the schedule 
        set forth in subsection (c)(2), and assess changes in the 
        prisoner's recidivism risk within a particular risk level; and
            ``(6) provide information on best practices concerning the 
        tailoring of recidivism reduction programs to the specific 
        criminogenic needs of each prisoner so as to effectively lower 
        the prisoner's risk of recidivating.
    ``(b) Development of System.--
            ``(1) In general.--In designing the Assessment System, the 
        Attorney General shall--
                    ``(A) use available research and best practices in 
                the field and consult with academic and other criminal 
                justice experts as appropriate;
                    ``(B) ensure that the Assessment System measures 
                indicators of progress and improvement, and of 
                regression, including newly acquired skills, attitude, 
                and behavior changes over time, through meaningful 
                consideration of dynamic risk factors, such that--
                            ``(i) all prisoners at each risk level 
                        other than low risk have a meaningful 
                        opportunity to progress to a lower risk 
                        classification during the period of the 
                        incarceration of the prisoner through changes 
                        in dynamic risk factors; and
                            ``(ii) all prisoners on prerelease custody, 
                        other than prisoners classified as low risk, 
                        have a meaningful opportunity to progress to a 
                        lower risk classification during such custody 
                        through changes in dynamic risk factors;
                    ``(C) ensure that the Assessment System is adjusted 
                on a regular basis, but not less frequently than every 
                3 years, to take account of the best statistical 
                evidence of effectiveness in reducing recidivism rates; 
                and
                    ``(D) ensure that the Assessment System does not 
                result in unwarranted disparities, including by--
                            ``(i) regularly evaluating rates of 
                        recidivism among similarly classified prisoners 
                        to identify any unwarranted disparities in such 
                        rates, including disparities among similarly 
                        classified prisoners of different racial 
                        groups; and
                            ``(ii) adjusting the Assessment System to 
                        reduce such disparities to the greatest extent 
                        possible.
            ``(2) Risk and needs assessment tools.--In carrying out 
        this subsection, the Attorney General shall--
                    ``(A) develop a suitable intake assessment tool to 
                perform the initial assessments and determinations 
                described in subsection (a)(1), and to make the 
                assignments described in paragraphs (3) and (4) of 
                subsection (a);
                    ``(B) develop a suitable reassessment tool to 
                perform the reassessments and updates described in 
                subsection (a)(5); and
                    ``(C) develop a suitable tool to assess the 
                recidivism risk level of prisoners in prerelease 
                custody.
            ``(3) Use of existing risk and needs assessment tools 
        permitted.--In carrying out this subsection, the Attorney 
        General may use existing risk and needs assessment tools, as 
        appropriate, for the assessment tools required under paragraph 
        (2).
            ``(4) Use of presentence report.--In carrying out this 
        subsection, the Attorney General shall coordinate with the 
        United States Probation and Pretrial Services to ensure that 
        the findings of the Presentence Report of each offender are 
        available and considered in the Assessment System.
            ``(5) Validation.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Attorney General shall statistically validate the risk and 
        needs assessment tools on the Federal prison population, or 
        ensure that the tools have been so validated. To the extent 
        such validation cannot be completed with the time period 
        specified in subsection (a), the Attorney General shall ensure 
        that such validation is completed as soon as is practicable.
            ``(6) Relationship with existing classification systems.--
        The Bureau of Prisons may incorporate its existing Inmate 
        Classification System into the Assessment System if the 
        Assessment System assesses the risk level and criminogenic 
        needs of each prisoner and determines the appropriate security 
        level institution for each prisoner. Before the development of 
        the Assessment System, the Bureau of Prisons may use the 
        existing Inmate Classification System, or a pre-existing risk 
        and needs assessment tool that can be used to classify 
        prisoners consistent with subsection (a)(1), or can be 
        reasonably adapted for such purpose, for purposes of this 
        section, section 3621(h), and section 3624(c).
    ``(c) Risk Assessment.--
            ``(1) Initial assessments.--Not later than 30 months after 
        the date on which the Attorney General develops the Assessment 
        System, the Bureau of Prisons shall determine the risk level 
        and criminogenic needs of each prisoner using the Assessment 
        System.
            ``(2) Reassessments and updates.--The Bureau of Prisons 
        shall update the assessment of each prisoner required under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) not less frequently than once each year for 
                any prisoner whose anticipated release date is within 3 
                years;
                    ``(B) not less frequently than once every 2 years 
                for any prisoner whose anticipated release date is 
                within 10 years; and
                    ``(C) not less frequently than once every 3 years 
                for any other prisoner.
    ``(d) Assignment of Recidivism Reduction Programs or Productive 
Activities.--The Assessment System shall provide guidance on the kind 
and amount of recidivism reduction programming or productive activities 
appropriate for each prisoner.
    ``(e) Bureau of Prisons Training.--The Attorney General shall 
develop training protocols and programs for Bureau of Prisons officials 
and employees responsible for administering the Assessment System. Such 
training protocols shall include a requirement that personnel of the 
Bureau of Prisons demonstrate competence in using the methodology and 
procedure developed under this section on a regular basis.
    ``(f) Information From Presentence Report.--The Attorney General 
shall ensure that the Bureau of Prisons uses relevant information from 
the Presentence Report of each offenders when conducting an assessment 
under this section.
    ``(g) Quality Assurance.--In order to ensure that the Bureau of 
Prisons is using the Assessment System in an appropriate and consistent 
manner, the Attorney General shall monitor and assess the use of the 
Assessment System and shall conduct periodic audits of the use of the 
Assessment System at facilities of the Bureau of Prisons.
    ``(h) Determinations and Classifications Unreviewable.--Subject to 
any constitutional limitations, there shall be no right of review, 
right of appeal, cognizable property interest, or cause of action, 
either administrative or judicial, arising from any determination or 
classification made by any Federal agency or employee while 
implementing or administering the Assessment System, or any rules or 
regulations promulgated under this section.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Dynamic risk factor.--The term `dynamic risk factor' 
        means a characteristic or attribute that has been shown to be 
        relevant to assessing risk of recidivism and that can be 
        modified based on a prisoner's actions, behaviors, or 
        attitudes, including through completion of appropriate 
        programming or other means, in a prison setting.
            ``(2) Recidivism risk.--The term `recidivism risk' means 
        the likelihood that a prisoner will commit additional crimes 
        for which the prisoner could be prosecuted in a Federal, State, 
        or local court in the United States.
            ``(3) Recidivism reduction program; productive activity; 
        recovery programming.--The terms `recidivism reduction 
        program', `productive activity', and `recovery programming' 
        shall have the meaning given such terms in section 
        3621(h)(8).''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for 
subchapter C of chapter 229 of title 18, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 3621 the following:

``3621A. Post-sentencing risk and needs assessment system.''.

SEC. 204. PRERELEASE CUSTODY.

    (a) In General.--Section 3624(c) of title 18, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking the period at the end of 
        the second sentence and inserting ``or home confinement, 
        subject to the limitation that no prisoner may serve more than 
        10 percent of the prisoner's imposed sentence in home 
        confinement pursuant to this paragraph.'';
            (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) Credit for recidivism reduction.--In addition to any 
        time spent in prerelease custody pursuant to paragraph (1), a 
        prisoner shall spend an additional portion of the final months 
        of the prisoner's sentence, equivalent to the amount of time 
        credit the prisoner has earned pursuant to section 
        3621(h)(6)(A), in prerelease custody, if--
                    ``(A) the prisoner's most recent risk and needs 
                assessment, conducted within 1 year of the date on 
                which the prisoner would first be eligible for transfer 
                to prerelease custody pursuant to paragraph (1) and 
                this paragraph, reflects that the prisoner is 
                classified as low or moderate risk; and
                    ``(B) for a prisoner classified as moderate risk, 
                the prisoner's most recent risk and needs assessment 
                reflects that the prisoner's risk of recidivism has 
                declined during the period of the prisoner's 
                incarceration.
            ``(3) Types of prerelease custody.--A prisoner eligible to 
        serve a portion of the prisoner's sentence in prerelease 
        custody pursuant to paragraph (2) may serve such portion in a 
        residential reentry center, on home confinement, or, subject to 
        paragraph (5), on community supervision.'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (9) through (11), respectively;
            (4) by inserting the following after paragraph (3):
            ``(4) Home confinement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Upon placement in home 
                confinement pursuant to paragraph (2), a prisoner 
                shall--
                            ``(i) be subject to 24-hour electronic 
                        monitoring that enables the prompt 
                        identification of any violation of clause (ii);
                            ``(ii) remain in the prisoner's residence, 
                        with the exception of the following activities, 
                        subject to approval by the Director of the 
                        Bureau of Prisons--
                                    ``(I) participation in a job, job-
                                seeking activities, or job-related 
                                activities, including an 
                                apprenticeship;
                                    ``(II) participation in recidivism 
                                reduction programming or productive 
                                activities assigned by the Post-
                                Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment 
                                System, or similar activities approved 
                                in advance by the Director of the 
                                Bureau of Prisons;
                                    ``(III) participation in community 
                                service;
                                    ``(IV) crime victim restoration 
                                activities;
                                    ``(V) medical treatment; or
                                    ``(VI) religious activities; and
                            ``(iii) comply with such other conditions 
                        as the Director of the Bureau of Prisons deems 
                        appropriate.
                    ``(B) Alternative means of monitoring.--If 
                compliance with subparagraph (A)(i) is infeasible due 
                to technical limitations or religious considerations, 
                the Director of the Bureau of Prisons may employ 
                alternative means of monitoring that are determined to 
                be as effective or more effective than electronic 
                monitoring.
                    ``(C) Modifications.--The Director of the Bureau of 
                Prisons may modify the conditions of the prisoner's 
                home confinement for compelling reasons, if the 
                prisoner's record demonstrates exemplary compliance 
                with such conditions.
            ``(5) Community supervision.--
                    ``(A) Time credit less than 36 months.--Any 
                prisoner described in subparagraph (D) who has earned 
                time credit of less than 36 months pursuant to section 
                3621(h)(6)(A) shall be eligible to serve no more than 
                one-half of the amount of such credit on community 
                supervision, if the prisoner satisfies the conditions 
                set forth in subparagraph (C).
                    ``(B) Time credit of 36 months or more.--Any 
                prisoner described in subparagraph (D) who has earned 
                time credit of 36 months or more pursuant to section 
                3621(h)(6)(A) shall be eligible to serve the amount of 
                such credit exceeding 18 months on community 
                supervision, if the prisoner satisfies the conditions 
                set forth in subparagraph (C).
                    ``(C) Conditions of community supervision.--A 
                prisoner placed on community supervision shall be 
                subject to such conditions as the Director of the 
                Bureau of Prisons deems appropriate. A prisoner on 
                community supervision may remain on community 
                supervision until the conclusion of the prisoner's 
                sentence of incarceration if the prisoner--
                            ``(i) complies with all conditions of 
                        prerelease custody;
                            ``(ii) remains current on any financial 
                        obligations imposed as part of the prisoner's 
                        sentence, including payments of court-ordered 
                        restitution arising from the offense of 
                        conviction; and
                            ``(iii) refrains from committing any State, 
                        local, or Federal offense.
                    ``(D) Covered prisoners.--A prisoner described in 
                this subparagraph is a prisoner who--
                            ``(i) is classified as low risk by the 
                        Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment 
                        System in the assessment conducted for purposes 
                        of paragraph (2); or
                            ``(ii) is subsequently classified as low 
                        risk by the Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs 
                        Assessment System.
            ``(6) Violations.--If a prisoner violates a condition of 
        the prisoner's prerelease custody, the Director of the Bureau 
        of Prisons may revoke the prisoner's prerelease custody and 
        require the prisoner to serve the remainder of the prisoner's 
        term of incarceration, or any portion thereof, in prison, or 
        impose additional conditions on the prisoner's prerelease 
        custody as the Director of the Bureau of Prisons deems 
        appropriate. If the violation is nontechnical in nature, the 
        Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall revoke the prisoner's 
        prerelease custody.
            ``(7) Credit for prerelease custody.--Upon completion of a 
        prisoner's sentence, any term of supervised release imposed on 
        the prisoner shall be reduced by the amount of time the 
        prisoner served in prerelease custody pursuant to paragraph 
        (2).
            ``(8) Agreements with united states probation and pretrial 
        services.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall, to the 
        greatest extent practicable, enter into agreements with the 
        United States Probation and Pretrial Services to supervise 
        prisoners placed in home confinement or community supervision 
        under this subsection. Such agreements shall authorize United 
        States Probation and Pretrial Services to exercise the 
        authority granted to the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        pursuant to paragraphs (4), (5), and (12). Such agreements 
        shall take into account the resource requirements of United 
        States Probation and Pretrial Services as a result of the 
        transfer of Bureau of Prisons inmates to prerelease custody and 
        shall provide for the transfer of monetary sums necessary to 
        comply with such requirements. United States Probation and 
        Pretrial Services shall, to the greatest extent practicable, 
        offer assistance to any prisoner not under its supervision 
        during prerelease custody under this subsection.''; and
            (5) by inserting at the end the following:
            ``(12) Determination of appropriate conditions for 
        prerelease custody.--In determining appropriate conditions for 
        prerelease custody pursuant to this subsection, and in 
        accordance with paragraph (5), the Director of the Bureau of 
        Prisons shall, to the extent practicable, subject prisoners who 
        demonstrate continued compliance with the requirements of such 
        prerelease custody to increasingly less restrictive conditions, 
        so as to most effectively prepare such prisoners for reentry. 
        No prisoner shall be transferred to community supervision 
        unless the length of the prisoner's eligibility for community 
        supervision pursuant to paragraph (5) is equivalent to or 
        greater than the length of the prisoner's remaining period of 
        prerelease custody.
            ``(13) Aliens subject to deportation.--If the prisoner is 
        an alien whose deportation was ordered as a condition of 
        supervised release or who is subject to a detainer filed by 
        Immigration and Customs Enforcement for the purposes of 
        determining the alien's deportability, the Director of the 
        Bureau of Prisons shall, upon the prisoner's transfer to 
        prerelease custody pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), deliver 
        the prisoner to United States Immigration and Customs 
        Enforcement for the purpose of conducting proceedings relating 
        to the alien's deportation.
            ``(14) Notice of transfer to prerelease custody.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Director of the Bureau of 
                Prisons may not transfer a prisoner to prerelease 
                custody pursuant to paragraph (2) if the prisoner has 
                been sentenced to a term of incarceration of more than 
                3 years, unless the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
                provides prior notice to the sentencing court and the 
                United States Attorney's Office for the district in 
                which the prisoner was sentenced.
                    ``(B) Time requirement.--The notice required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be provided not later than 6 
                months before the date on which the prisoner is to be 
                transferred.
                    ``(C) Contents of notice.--The notice required 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include the following 
                information:
                            ``(i) The amount of credit earned pursuant 
                        to paragraph (2).
                            ``(ii) The anticipated date of the 
                        prisoner's transfer.
                            ``(iii) The nature of the prisoner's 
                        planned prerelease custody.
                            ``(iv) The prisoner's behavioral record.
                            ``(v) The most recent risk assessment of 
                        the prisoner.
                    ``(D) Hearing.--
                            ``(i) In general.--On motion of the 
                        Government, the sentencing court may conduct a 
                        hearing on the prisoner's transfer to 
                        prerelease custody.
                            ``(ii) Prisoner's presence.--The prisoner 
                        shall have the right to be present at a hearing 
                        described in clause (i), unless the prisoner 
                        waives such right. The requirement under this 
                        clause may be satisfied by the defendant 
                        appearing by video teleconference.
                            ``(iii) Motion.--A motion filed by the 
                        Government seeking a hearing--
                                    ``(I) shall set forth the basis for 
                                the Government's request that the 
                                prisoner's transfer be denied or 
                                modified pursuant to subparagraph (E); 
                                and
                                    ``(II) shall not require the Court 
                                to conduct a hearing described in 
                                clause (i).
                            ``(iv) Justice department review of 
                        transfers to prerelease custody.--If the 
                        Department of Justice does not seek a hearing 
                        under this subparagraph to deny or modify a 
                        prisoner's transfer to prerelease custody, the 
                        Department of Justice prior to such transfer 
                        shall make a determination to that effect in 
                        writing, including the reasons for that 
                        determination.
                    ``(E) Determination of the court.--The court may 
                deny the transfer of the prisoner to prerelease custody 
                or modify the terms of such transfer, if, after 
                conducting a hearing pursuant to subparagraph (D), the 
                court finds in writing, by a preponderance of the 
                evidence, that the transfer of the prisoner is 
                inconsistent with the factors specified in paragraphs 
                (2), (6), and (7) of section 3553(a).''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 205. REPORTS.

    (a) Annual Reports.--
            (1) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, and every year thereafter, the Attorney 
        General, in coordination with the Comptroller General of the 
        United States, shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report that contains the following:
                    (A) A summary of the activities and accomplishments 
                of the Attorney General in carrying out this title and 
                the amendments made by this title.
                    (B) An assessment of the status and use of the 
                Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment System by the 
                Bureau of Prisons, including the number of prisoners 
                classified at each risk level under the Post-Sentencing 
                Risk and Needs Assessment System at each facility of 
                the Bureau of Prisons.
                    (C) A summary and assessment of the types and 
                effectiveness of the recidivism reduction programs and 
                productive activities in facilities operated by the 
                Bureau of Prisons, including--
                            (i) evidence about which programs and 
                        activities have been shown to reduce 
                        recidivism;
                            (ii) the capacity of each program and 
                        activity at each facility, including the number 
                        of prisoners along with the risk level of each 
                        prisoner enrolled in each program and activity; 
                        and
                            (iii) identification of any problems or 
                        shortages in capacity of such programs and 
                        activities, and how these should be remedied.
                    (D) An assessment of budgetary savings resulting 
                from this title and the amendments made by this title, 
                to include--
                            (i) a summary of the amount of savings 
                        resulting from the transfer of prisoners into 
                        prerelease custody under this title and the 
                        amendments made by this title, including 
                        savings resulting from the avoidance or 
                        deferral of future construction, acquisition, 
                        or operations costs;
                            (ii) a summary of the amount of savings 
                        resulting from any decrease in recidivism that 
                        may be attributed to the implementation of the 
                        Post-Sentencing Risk and Needs Assessment 
                        System or the increase in recidivism reduction 
                        programs and productive activities required by 
                        this title and the amendments made by this 
                        title; and
                            (iii) a strategy to reinvest such savings 
                        into other Federal, State, and local law 
                        enforcement activities and expansions of 
                        recidivism reduction programs and productive 
                        activities in the Bureau of Prisons.
            (2) Reinvestment of savings to fund public safety 
        programming.--
                    (A) In general.--Beginning in the first fiscal year 
                after the first report is submitted under paragraph 
                (1), and every fiscal year thereafter, the Attorney 
                General shall--
                            (i) determine the covered amount for the 
                        previous fiscal year in accordance with 
                        subparagraph (B); and
                            (ii) use an amount of funds appropriated to 
                        the Department of Justice that is not less than 
                        90 percent of the covered amount for the 
                        purposes described in subparagraph (C).
                    (B) Covered amount.--For purposes of this 
                paragraph, the term ``covered amount'' means, using the 
                most recent report submitted under paragraph (1), the 
                amount equal to the sum of the amount described in 
                paragraph (1)(D)(i) for the fiscal year and the amount 
                described in paragraph (1)(D)(ii) for the fiscal year.
                    (C) Use of funds.--The funds described in 
                subparagraph (A)(ii) shall be used, consistent with 
                paragraph (1)(D)(iii), to achieve each of the following 
                objectives:
                            (i) Ensure that, not later than 6 years 
                        after the date of enactment of this Act, 
                        recidivism reduction programs or productive 
                        activities are available to all eligible 
                        prisoners.
                            (ii) Ensure compliance with the resource 
                        needs of United States Probation and Pretrial 
                        Services resulting from an agreement under 
                        section 3624(c)(8) of title 18, United States 
                        Code, as added by this title.
                            (iii) Supplement funding for programs that 
                        increase public safety by providing resources 
                        to State and local law enforcement officials, 
                        including for the adoption of innovative 
                        technologies and information sharing 
                        capabilities.
    (b) Prison Work Programs Report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report on the status of prison 
work programs at facilities operated by the Bureau of Prisons, 
including--
            (1) a strategy to expand the availability of such programs 
        without reducing job opportunities for workers in the United 
        States who are not in the custody of the Bureau of Prisons;
            (2) an assessment of the feasibility of expanding such 
        programs, consistent with the strategy required under paragraph 
        (1), so that, not later than 5 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, not less than 75 percent of eligible 
        low-risk offenders have the opportunity to participate in a 
        prison work program for not less than 20 hours per week; and
            (3) a detailed discussion of legal authorities that would 
        be useful or necessary to achieve the goals described in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2).
    (c) Reporting on Recidivism Rates.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, and every year thereafter, the Attorney 
        General, in consultation with the Administrative Office of the 
        United States Courts, shall report to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress on rates of recidivism among individuals 
        who have been released from Federal prison and who are under 
        judicial supervision.
            (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall contain information on rates of recidivism among former 
        Federal prisoners, including information on rates of recidivism 
        among former Federal prisoners based on the following criteria:
                    (A) Primary offense charged.
                    (B) Length of sentence imposed and served.
                    (C) Bureau of Prisons facility or facilities in 
                which the prisoner's sentence was served.
                    (D) Recidivism reduction programming that the 
                prisoner successfully completed, if any.
                    (E) The prisoner's assessed risk of recidivism.
            (3) Assistance.--The Administrative Office of the United 
        States Courts shall provide to the Attorney General any 
        information in its possession that is necessary for the 
        completion of the report required under paragraph (1).
    (d) Reporting on Excluded Prisoners.--Not later than 8 years after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit to 
the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the effectiveness of 
recidivism reduction programs and productive activities offered to 
prisoners described in section 3621(h)(6)(A)(iii) of title 18, United 
States Code, as added by this title, as well as those ineligible for 
credit toward prerelease custody under section 3624(c)(2) of title 18, 
United States Code, as added by this title, which shall review the 
effectiveness of different categories of incentives in reducing 
recidivism.
    (e) Definition.--The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
means--
            (1) the Committee on the Judiciary and the Subcommittee on 
        Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies of the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on the Judiciary and the Subcommittee on 
        Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies of the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 206. ADDITIONAL TOOLS TO PROMOTE RECOVERY AND PREVENT DRUG AND 
              ALCOHOL ABUSE AND DEPENDENCE.

    (a) Reentry and Recovery Planning.--
            (1) Presentence reports.--Section 3552 of title 18, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (b), (c), and (d) 
                as subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
                following:
    ``(b) Reentry and Recovery Planning.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to the information required 
        by rule 32(d) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, the 
        report submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall contain the 
        following information, unless such information is required to 
        be excluded pursuant to rule 32(d)(3) of the Federal Rules of 
        Criminal Procedure or except as provided in paragraph (2):
                    ``(A) Information about the defendant's history of 
                substance abuse and addiction, if applicable.
                    ``(B) Information about the defendant's service in 
                the Armed Forces of the United States and veteran 
                status, if applicable.
                    ``(C) A detailed plan, which shall include the 
                identification of programming provided by the Bureau of 
                Prisons that is appropriate for the defendant's needs, 
                that the probation officer determines will--
                            ``(i) reduce the likelihood the defendant 
                        will abuse drugs or alcohol if the defendant 
                        has a history of substance abuse;
                            ``(ii) reduce the defendant's likelihood of 
                        recidivism by addressing the defendant's 
                        specific recidivism risk factors; and
                            ``(iii) assist the defendant preparing for 
                        reentry into the community.
            ``(2) Exceptions.--The information described in paragraph 
        (1)(C)(iii) shall not be required to be included under 
        paragraph (1), in the discretion of the Probation Officer, if 
        the applicable sentencing range under the sentencing 
        guidelines, as determined by the probation officer, includes a 
        sentence of life imprisonment or a sentence of probation.'';
                    (C) in subsection (c), as redesignated, in the 
                first sentence, by striking ``subsection (a) or (c)'' 
                and inserting ``subsection (a) or (d)''; and
                    (D) in subsection (d), as redesignated, by striking 
                ``subsection (a) or (b)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (a) or (c)''.
            (2) Technical and conforming amendment.--Section 3672 of 
        title 18, United States Code, is amended in the eighth 
        undesignated paragraph by striking ``subsection (b) or (c)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (c) or (d)''.
    (b) Promoting Full Utilization of Residential Drug Treatment.--
Section 3621(e)(2) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Commencement of treatment.--Not later than 3 
                years after the date of enactment of this subparagraph, 
                the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall ensure that 
                each eligible prisoner has an opportunity to commence 
                participation in treatment under this subsection by 
                such date as is necessary to ensure that the prisoner 
                completes such treatment not later than 1 year before 
                the date on which the prisoner would otherwise be 
                released from custody prior to the application of any 
                reduction in sentence pursuant to this paragraph.
                    ``(D) Other credits.--The Director of the Bureau of 
                Prisons may, in the Director's discretion, reduce the 
                credit awarded under subsection (h)(6)(A) to a prisoner 
                who receives a reduction under subparagraph (B), but 
                such reduction may not exceed one-half the amount of 
                the reduction awarded to the prisoner under 
                subparagraph (B).''.
    (c) Supervised Release Pilot Program To Reduce Recidivism and 
Improve Recovery From Alcohol and Drug Abuse.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrative Office of the United 
        States Courts shall establish a recidivism reduction and 
        recovery enhancement pilot program, premised on high-intensity 
        supervision and the use of swift, predictable, and graduated 
        sanctions for noncompliance with program rules, in Federal 
        judicial districts selected by the Administrative Office of the 
        United States Courts in consultation with the Attorney General.
            (2) Requirements of program.--Participation in the pilot 
        program required under paragraph (1) shall be subject to the 
        following requirements:
                    (A) Upon entry into the pilot program, the court 
                shall notify program participants of the rules of the 
                program and consequences for violating such rules, 
                including the penalties to be imposed as a result of 
                such violations pursuant to subparagraph (E).
                    (B) Probation officers shall conduct regular drug 
                testing of all pilot program participants with a 
                history of substance abuse.
                    (C) In the event that a probation officer 
                determines that a participant has violated a term of 
                supervised release, the officer shall notify the court 
                within 24 hours of such determination, absent good 
                cause.
                    (D) As soon as is practicable, and in no case more 
                than 1 week after the violation was reported by the 
                probation officer, absent good cause, the court shall 
                conduct a hearing on the alleged violation.
                    (E) If the court determines that a program 
                participant has violated a term of supervised release, 
                it shall impose an appropriate sanction, which may 
                include the following, if appropriate:
                            (i) Modification of the terms of such 
                        participant's supervised release, which may 
                        include imposition of a period of home 
                        confinement.
                            (ii) Referral to appropriate substance 
                        abuse treatment.
                            (iii) Revocation of the defendant's 
                        supervised release and the imposition of a 
                        sentence of incarceration that is no longer 
                        than necessary to punish the participant for 
                        such violation and deter the participant from 
                        committing future violations.
                            (iv) For participants who habitually fail 
                        to abide by program rules or pose a threat to 
                        public safety, termination from the program.
            (3) Status of participant if incarcerated.--
                    (A) In general.--In the event that a program 
                participant is sentenced to incarceration as described 
                in paragraph (2)(E)(iii), the participant shall remain 
                in the program upon release from incarceration unless 
                terminated from the program in accordance with 
                paragraph (2)(E)(iv).
                    (B) Policies for maintaining employment.--The 
                Bureau of Prisons, in consultation with the Chief 
                Probation Officers of the Federal judicial districts 
                selected for participation in the pilot program 
                required under paragraph (1), shall develop policies to 
                enable program participants sentenced to terms of 
                incarceration as described in paragraph (2)(E) to, 
                where practicable, serve the terms of incarceration 
                while maintaining employment, including allowing the 
                terms of incarceration to be served on weekends.
            (4) Advisory sentencing policies.--
                    (A) In general.--The United States Sentencing 
                Commission, in consultation with the Chief Probation 
                Officers, the United States Attorneys, Federal 
                Defenders, and Chief Judges of the districts selected 
                for participation in the pilot program required under 
                paragraph (1), shall establish advisory sentencing 
                policies to be used by the district courts in imposing 
                sentences of incarceration in accordance with paragraph 
                (2)(E).
                    (B) Requirement.--The advisory sentencing policies 
                established under subparagraph (A) shall be consistent 
                with the stated goal of the pilot program to impose 
                predictable and graduated sentences that are no longer 
                than necessary for violations of program rules.
            (5) Duration of program.--The pilot program required under 
        paragraph (1) shall continue for not less than 5 years and may 
        be extended for not more than 5 years by the Administrative 
        Office of the United States Courts.
            (6) Assessment of program outcomes and report to 
        congress.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 6 years after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, the Administrative 
                Office of the United States Courts shall conduct an 
                evaluation of the pilot program and submit to Congress 
                a report on the results of the evaluation.
                    (B) Contents.--The report required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            (i) the rates of substance abuse among 
                        program participants;
                            (ii) the rates of violations of the terms 
                        of supervised release by program participants, 
                        and sanctions imposed;
                            (iii) information about employment of 
                        program participants;
                            (iv) a comparison of outcomes among program 
                        participants with outcomes among similarly 
                        situated individuals under the supervision of 
                        United States Probation and Pretrial Services 
                        not participating in the program; and
                            (v) an assessment of the effectiveness of 
                        each of the relevant features of the program.

SEC. 207. ERIC WILLIAMS CORRECTIONAL OFFICER PROTECTION ACT.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 303 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 4049. Officers and employees of the Bureau of Prisons authorized 
              to carry oleoresin capsicum spray
    ``(a) In General.--The Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall 
issue, on a routine basis, oleoresin capsicum spray to--
            ``(1) any officer or employee of the Bureau of Prisons 
        who--
                    ``(A) is employed in a prison that is not a minimum 
                or low security prison; and
                    ``(B) may respond to an emergency situation in such 
                a prison; and
            ``(2) such additional officers and employees of prisons as 
        the Director determines appropriate, in accordance with this 
        section.
    ``(b) Training Requirement.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order for an officer or employee of 
        the Bureau of Prisons, including a correctional officer, to be 
        eligible to receive and carry oleoresin capsicum spray pursuant 
        to this section, the officer or employee shall complete a 
        training course before being issued such spray, and annually 
        thereafter, on the use of oleoresin capsicum spray.
            ``(2) Transferability of training.--An officer or employee 
        of the Bureau of Prisons who completes a training course 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) and subsequently transfers to 
        employment at a different prison, shall not be required to 
        complete an additional training course solely due such 
        transfer.
            ``(3) Training conducted during regular employment.--An 
        officer or employee of the Bureau of Prisons who completes a 
        training course required under paragraph (1) shall do so during 
        the course of that officer or employee's regular employment, 
        and shall be compensated at the same rate that the officer or 
        employee would be compensated for conducting the officer or 
        employee's regular duties.
    ``(c) Use of Oleoresin Capsicum Spray.--Officers and employees of 
the Bureau of Prisons issued oleoresin capsicum spray pursuant to 
subsection (a) may use such spray to reduce acts of violence--
            ``(1) committed by prisoners against themselves, other 
        prisoners, prison visitors, and officers and employees of the 
        Bureau of Prisons; and
            ``(2) committed by prison visitors against themselves, 
        prisoners, other visitors, and officers and employees of the 
        Bureau of Prisons.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 303 of 
part III of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 4048 the following:

``4049. Officers and employees of the Bureau of Prisons authorized to 
                            carry oleoresin capsicum spray.''.
    (c) BOP Evaluation.--Not later than the date that is 3 years after 
the date on which the Director of the Bureau of Prisons begins to issue 
oleoresin capsicum spray to officers and employees of the Bureau of 
Prisons pursuant to section 4049 of title 18, United States Code (as 
added by this title), the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall 
submit to Congress a report that includes the following:
            (1) An evaluation of the effectiveness of issuing oleoresin 
        capsicum spray to officers and employees of the Bureau of 
        Prisons in prisons that are not minimum or low security 
        prisons, which shall include such metrics as--
                    (A) reducing acts of violence committed by 
                prisoners against themselves, other prisoners, prison 
                visitors, and officers and employees of the Bureau of 
                Prisons in such prisons; and
                    (B) other metrics determined relevant by the 
                Director.
            (2) An evaluation of the advisability of issuing oleoresin 
        capsicum spray to officers and employees of the Bureau of 
        Prisons in prisons that are minimum or low security prisons, 
        including--
                    (A) the effectiveness that issuing such spray in 
                such prisons would have on reducing acts of violence 
                committed by prisoners against themselves, other 
                prisoners, prison visitors, and officers and employees 
                of the Bureau of Prisons in such prisons; and
                    (B) the cost of issuing such spray in such prisons. 
                Recommendations to improve the safety of officers and 
                employees of the Bureau of Prisons in prisons.
    (d) GAO Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which the 
Director of the Bureau of Prisons submits to Congress the report 
required under subsection (c), the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to Congress a report that assesses the results of 
the evaluation under subsection (c), including the strengths and 
weaknesses of the evaluation.

SEC. 208. PROMOTING SUCCESSFUL REENTRY.

    (a) Federal Reentry Demonstration Projects.--
            (1) Evaluation of existing best practices for reentry.--Not 
        later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Attorney General, in consultation with the Administrative 
        Office of the United States Courts, shall--
                    (A) evaluate best practices used for the reentry 
                into society of individuals released from the custody 
                of the Bureau of Prisons, including--
                            (i) conducting examinations of reentry 
                        practices in Federal, State, and local justice 
                        systems; and
                            (ii) consulting with Federal, State, and 
                        local prosecutors, Federal, State, and local 
                        public defenders, nonprofit organizations that 
                        provide reentry services, and criminal justice 
                        experts; and
                    (B) submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House 
                of Representatives a report that details the evaluation 
                conducted under subparagraph (A).
            (2) Creation of reentry demonstration projects.--Not later 
        than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
        Attorney General, in consultation with the Administrative 
        Office of the United States Courts, shall, subject to the 
        availability of appropriations, select an appropriate number of 
        Federal judicial districts to conduct Federal reentry 
        demonstration projects using the best practices identified in 
        the evaluation conducted under paragraph (1), which may include 
        Federal judicial districts with existing reentry programs. The 
        Attorney General shall determine the appropriate number of 
        Federal judicial districts to conduct demonstration projects 
        under this paragraph.
            (3) Project design.--For each Federal judicial district 
        selected under paragraph (2), the United States Attorney, in 
        consultation with the Chief Judge, Chief Federal Defender, the 
        Chief Probation Officer, the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the 
        National Institute of Justice, and criminal justice experts 
        shall design a Federal reentry demonstration project for the 
        Federal judicial district in accordance with paragraph (4).
            (4) Project elements.--A project designed under paragraph 
        (3) shall coordinate efforts by Federal agencies to assist 
        participating prisoners in preparing for and adjusting to 
        reentry into the community and may include, as appropriate--
                    (A) the use of community correctional facilities 
                and home confinement, as determined to be appropriate 
                by the Bureau of Prisons;
                    (B) a reentry review team for each prisoner to 
                develop a reentry plan specific to the needs of the 
                prisoner, and to meet with the prisoner following 
                transfer to monitor the reentry plan;
                    (C) steps to assist the prisoner in obtaining 
                health care, housing, and employment, before the 
                prisoner's release from a community correctional 
                facility or home confinement;
                    (D) regular drug testing for participants with a 
                history of substance abuse;
                    (E) substance abuse treatment, which may include 
                addiction treatment medication, if appropriate, medical 
                treatment, including mental health treatment, 
                occupational, vocational and educational training, 
                apprenticeships, life skills instruction, recovery 
                support, conflict resolution training, and other 
                programming to promote effective reintegration into the 
                community;
                    (F) the participation of volunteers to serve as 
                advisors and mentors to prisoners being released into 
                the community;
                    (G) steps to ensure that the prisoner makes 
                satisfactory progress toward satisfying any obligations 
                to victims of the prisoner's offense, including any 
                obligation to pay restitution; and
                    (H) the appointment of a reentry coordinator in the 
                United States Attorney's Office.
            (5) Review of project outcomes.--Not later than 5 years 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrative 
        Office of the United States Courts, in consultation with the 
        Attorney General, shall--
                    (A) evaluate the results from each Federal judicial 
                district selected under paragraph (2), including the 
                extent to which participating prisoners released from 
                the custody of the Bureau of Prisons were successfully 
                reintegrated into their communities, including whether 
                the participating prisoners maintained employment, and 
                refrained from committing further offenses; and
                    (B) submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the 
                Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House 
                of Representatives a report that contains--
                            (i) the evaluation of the best practices 
                        identified in the report required under 
                        paragraph (1); and
                            (ii) the results of the demonstration 
                        projects required under paragraph (2).
    (b) Study on the Impact of Reentry on Certain Communities.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Attorney General, in consultation 
        with the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, 
        shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate 
        and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the impact of reentry of prisoners 
        on communities in which a disproportionate number of 
        individuals reside upon release from incarceration.
            (2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall analyze the impact of reentry of individuals released 
        from both State and Federal correctional systems as well as 
        State and Federal juvenile justice systems, and shall include--
                    (A) an assessment of the reentry burdens borne by 
                local communities and local law enforcement agencies;
                    (B) a review of the resources available in such 
                communities to support successful reentry, including 
                resources provided by State, local, and Federal 
                governments, the extent to which those resources are 
                used effectively; and
                    (C) recommendations to strengthen the resources in 
                such communities available to support successful 
                reentry and to lessen the burden placed on such 
                communities by the need to support reentry.
    (c) Facilitating Reentry Assistance to Veterans.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 months after the date of 
        the commencement of a prisoner's sentence pursuant to section 
        3585(a) of title 18, United States Code, the Director of the 
        Bureau of Prisons shall notify the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs if the prisoner's presentence report, prepared pursuant 
        to section 3552 of title 18, United States Code, indicates that 
        the prisoner has previously served in the Armed Forces of the 
        United States or if the prisoner has so notified the Bureau of 
        Prisons.
            (2) Post-commencement notice.--If the prisoner informs the 
        Bureau of Prisons of the prisoner's prior service in the Armed 
        Forces of the United States after the commencement of the 
        prisoner's sentence, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons 
        shall notify the Secretary of Veterans Affairs not later than 2 
        months after the date on which the prisoner provides such 
        notice.
            (3) Contents of notice.--The notice provided by the 
        Director of the Bureau of Prisons to the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs under this subsection shall include the identity of the 
        prisoner, the facility in which the prisoner is located, the 
        prisoner's offense of conviction, and the length of the 
        prisoner's sentence.
            (4) Access to va.--The Bureau of Prisons shall provide the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs with reasonable access to any 
        prisoner who has previously served in the Armed Forces of the 
        United States for purposes of facilitating that prisoner's 
        reentry.

SEC. 209. PAROLE FOR JUVENILES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 403 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 5032 the following:
``Sec. 5032A. Modification of an imposed term of imprisonment for 
              violations of law committed prior to age 18
    ``(a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a 
court may reduce a term of imprisonment imposed upon a defendant 
convicted as an adult for an offense committed and completed before the 
defendant attained 18 years of age if--
            ``(1) the defendant has served 20 years in custody for the 
        offense; and
            ``(2) the court finds, after considering the factors set 
        forth in subsection (c), that the defendant is not a danger to 
        the safety of any person or the community and that the 
        interests of justice warrant a sentence modification.
    ``(b) Supervised Release.--Any defendant whose sentence is reduced 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall be ordered to serve a period of 
supervised release of not less than 5 years following release from 
imprisonment. The conditions of supervised release and any modification 
or revocation of the term of supervise release shall be in accordance 
with section 3583.
    ``(c) Factors and Information To Be Considered in Determining 
Whether To Modify a Term of Imprisonment.--The court, in determining 
whether to reduce a term of imprisonment pursuant to subsection (a), 
shall consider--
            ``(1) the factors described in section 3553(a), including 
        the nature of the offense and the history and characteristics 
        of the defendant;
            ``(2) the age of the defendant at the time of the offense;
            ``(3) a report and recommendation of the Bureau of Prisons, 
        including information on whether the defendant has 
        substantially complied with the rules of each institution to 
        which the defendant has been confined and whether the defendant 
        has completed any educational, vocational, or other prison 
        program, where available;
            ``(4) a report and recommendation of the United States 
        attorney for any district in which an offense for which the 
        defendant is imprisoned was prosecuted;
            ``(5) whether the defendant has demonstrated maturity, 
        rehabilitation, and a fitness to reenter society sufficient to 
        justify a sentence reduction;
            ``(6) any statement, which may be presented orally or 
        otherwise, by any victim of an offense for which the defendant 
        is imprisoned or by a family member of the victim if the victim 
        is deceased;
            ``(7) any report of physical, mental, or psychiatric 
        examination of the defendant conducted by a licensed health 
        care professional;
            ``(8) the family and community circumstances of the 
        defendant at the time of the offense, including any history of 
        abuse, trauma, or involvement in the child welfare system;
            ``(9) the extent of the role of the defendant in the 
        offense and whether, and to what extent, an adult was involved 
        in the offense;
            ``(10) the diminished culpability of juveniles as compared 
        to that of adults, and the hallmark features of youth, 
        including immaturity, impetuosity, and failure to appreciate 
        risks and consequences, which counsel against sentencing them 
        to the otherwise applicable term of imprisonment; and
            ``(11) any other information the court determines relevant 
        to the decision of the court.
    ``(d) Limitation on Applications Pursuant to This Section.--
            ``(1) Second application.--Not earlier than 5 years after 
        the date on which an order entered by a court on an initial 
        application under this section becomes final, a court shall 
        entertain a second application by the same defendant under this 
        section.
            ``(2) Final application.--Not earlier than 5 years after 
        the date on which an order entered by a court on a second 
        application under paragraph (1) becomes final, a court shall 
        entertain a final application by the same defendant under this 
        section.
            ``(3) Prohibition.--A court may not entertain an 
        application filed after an application filed under paragraph 
        (2) by the same defendant.
    ``(e) Procedures.--
            ``(1) Notice.--The Bureau of Prisons shall provide written 
        notice of this section to--
                    ``(A) any defendant who has served 19 years in 
                prison for an offense committed and completed before 
                the defendant attained 18 years of age for which the 
                defendant was convicted as an adult; and
                    ``(B) the sentencing court, the United States 
                attorney, and the Federal Public Defender or Executive 
                Director of the Community Defender Organization for the 
                judicial district in which the sentence described in 
                subparagraph (A) was imposed.
            ``(2) Crime victims rights.--Upon receiving noticed under 
        paragraph (1), the United States attorney shall provide any 
        notifications required under section 3771.
            ``(3) Application.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An application for a sentence 
                reduction under this section shall be filed as a motion 
                to reduce the sentence of the defendant and may include 
                affidavits or other written material.
                    ``(B) Requirement.--A motion to reduce a sentence 
                under this section shall be filed with the sentencing 
                court and a copy shall be served on the United States 
                attorney for the judicial district in which the 
                sentence was imposed.
            ``(4) Expanding the record; hearing.--
                    ``(A) Expanding the record.--After the filing of a 
                motion to reduce a sentence under this section, the 
                court may direct the parties to expand the record by 
                submitting additional written materials relating to the 
                motion.
                    ``(B) Hearing.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The court shall conduct 
                        a hearing on the motion, at which the defendant 
                        and counsel for the defendant shall be given 
                        the opportunity to be heard.
                            ``(ii) Evidence.--In a hearing under this 
                        section, the court may allow for parties to 
                        present evidence.
                            ``(iii) Defendant's presence.--At a hearing 
                        under this section, the defendant shall be 
                        present unless the defendant waives the right 
                        to be present. The requirement under this 
                        clause may be satisfied by the defendant 
                        appearing by video teleconference.
                            ``(iv) Counsel.--A defendant who is unable 
                        to obtain counsel is entitled to have counsel 
                        appointed to represent the defendant for 
                        proceedings under this section, including any 
                        appeal, unless the defendant waives the right 
                        to counsel.
                            ``(v) Findings.--The court shall state in 
                        open court, and file in writing, the reasons 
                        for granting or denying a motion under this 
                        section.
                    ``(C) Appeal.--The Government or the defendant may 
                file a notice of appeal in the district court for 
                review of a final order under this section. The time 
                limit for filing such appeal shall be governed by rule 
                4(a) of the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure.
    ``(f) Educational and Rehabilitative Programs.--A defendant who is 
convicted and sentenced as an adult for an offense committed and 
completed before the defendant attained 18 years of age may not be 
deprived of any educational, training, or rehabilitative program that 
is otherwise available to the general prison population.''.
    (b) Table of Sections.--The table of sections for chapter 403 of 
title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 5032 the following:

``5032A. Modification of an imposed term of imprisonment for violations 
                            of law committed prior to age 18.''.
    (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
to any conviction entered before, on, or after the date of enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 210. COMPASSIONATE RELEASE INITIATIVE.

    Section 231(g) of the Second Chance Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 
17541(g)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and eligible terminally ill 
                offenders'' after ``elderly offenders'' each place that 
                term appears; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, upon 
                written request from either the Bureau of Prisons or an 
                eligible elderly offender or eligible terminally ill 
                offender'' after ``to home detention'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or eligible terminally 
        ill offender'' after ``elderly offender'';
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and shall be carried 
        out during fiscal years 2009 and 2010'';
            (4) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or eligible terminally ill 
                offender'' after ``each eligible elderly offender''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting ``and eligible terminally ill 
                offenders'' after ``eligible elderly offenders''; and
            (5) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in clause (i), by striking ``65 years'' 
                        and inserting ``60 years''; and
                            (ii) in clause (ii)--
                                    (I) by striking ``the greater of 10 
                                years or''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``75 percent'' and 
                                inserting ``\2/3\''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Eligible terminally ill offender.--The term 
                `eligible terminally ill offender' means an offender in 
                the custody of the Bureau of Prisons who--
                            ``(i) is serving a term of imprisonment 
                        based on conviction for an offense or offenses 
                        that do not include any crime of violence (as 
                        defined in section 16 of title 18, United 
                        States Code), sex offense (as defined in 
                        section 111(5) of the Sex Offender Registration 
                        and Notification Act (42 U.S.C. 16911(5)), 
                        offense described in section 2332b(g)(5)(B) of 
                        title 18, United States Code, or offense under 
                        chapter 37 of title 18, United States Code;
                            ``(ii) satisfies the criteria specified in 
                        clauses (iii) through (vii) of subparagraph 
                        (A); and
                            ``(iii) has been determined by a medical 
                        doctor approved by the Bureau of Prisons to 
                        be--
                                    ``(I) in need of care at a nursing 
                                home, intermediate care facility, or 
                                assisted living facility, as those 
                                terms are defined in section 232 of the 
                                National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1715w); 
                                or
                                    ``(II) diagnosed with a terminal 
                                illness.''.

SEC. 211. JUVENILE SEALING AND EXPUNGEMENT.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to--
            (1) protect children and adults against damage stemming 
        from their juvenile acts and subsequent juvenile delinquency 
        records, including law enforcement, arrest, and court records; 
        and
            (2) prevent the unauthorized use or disclosure of 
        confidential juvenile delinquency records and any potential 
        employment, financial, psychological, or other harm that would 
        result from such unauthorized use or disclosure.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 5031 of title 18, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 5031. Definitions
    ``In this chapter--
            ``(1) the term `adjudication' means a determination by a 
        judge that a person committed an act of juvenile delinquency;
            ``(2) the term `conviction' means a judgment or disposition 
        in criminal court against a person following a finding of guilt 
        by a judge or jury;
            ``(3) the term `destroy' means to render a file unreadable, 
        whether paper, electronic, or otherwise stored, by shredding, 
        pulverizing, pulping, incinerating, overwriting, reformatting 
        the media, or other means;
            ``(4) the term `expunge' means to destroy a record and 
        obliterate the name of the person to whom the record pertains 
        from each official index or public record;
            ``(5) the term `expungement hearing' means a hearing held 
        under section 5044(b)(2)(B);
            ``(6) the term `expungement petition' means a petition for 
        expungement filed under section 5044(b);
            ``(7) the term `high-risk, public trust position' means a 
        position designated as a public trust position under section 
        731.106(b) of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, or any 
        successor regulation;
            ``(8) the term `juvenile' means--
                    ``(A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), a 
                person who has not attained the age of 18 years; and
                    ``(B) for the purpose of proceedings and 
                disposition under this chapter for an alleged act of 
                juvenile delinquency, a person who has not attained the 
                age of 21 years;
            ``(9) the term `juvenile delinquency' means the violation 
        of a law of the United States committed by a person before 
        attaining the age of 18 years which would have been a crime if 
        committed by an adult, or a violation by such a person of 
        section 922(x);
            ``(10) the term `juvenile nonviolent offense' means--
                    ``(A) in the case of an arrest or an adjudication 
                that is dismissed or finds the juvenile to be not 
                delinquent, an act of juvenile delinquency that is 
                not--
                            ``(i) a criminal homicide, forcible rape or 
                        any other sex offense (as defined in section 
                        111 of the Sex Offender Registration and 
                        Notification Act (42 U.S.C. 16911)), 
                        kidnapping, aggravated assault, robbery, 
                        burglary of an occupied structure, arson, or a 
                        drug trafficking crime in which a firearm was 
                        used; or
                            ``(ii) a Federal crime of terrorism (as 
                        defined in section 2332b(g)); and
                    ``(B) in the case of an adjudication that finds the 
                juvenile to be delinquent, an act of juvenile 
                delinquency that is not--
                            ``(i) described in clause (i) or (ii) of 
                        subparagraph (A); or
                            ``(ii) a misdemeanor crime of domestic 
                        violence (as defined in section 921(a)(33));
            ``(11) the term `juvenile record'--
                    ``(A) means a record maintained by a court, the 
                probation system, a law enforcement agency, or any 
                other government agency, of the juvenile delinquency 
                proceedings of a person;
                    ``(B) includes--
                            ``(i) a juvenile legal file, including a 
                        formal document such as a petition, notice, 
                        motion, legal memorandum, order, or decree;
                            ``(ii) a social record, including--
                                    ``(I) a record of a probation 
                                officer;
                                    ``(II) a record of any government 
                                agency that keeps records relating to 
                                juvenile delinquency;
                                    ``(III) a medical record;
                                    ``(IV) a psychiatric or 
                                psychological record;
                                    ``(V) a birth certificate;
                                    ``(VI) an education record, 
                                including an individualized education 
                                plan;
                                    ``(VII) a detention record;
                                    ``(VIII) demographic information 
                                that identifies a juvenile or the 
                                family of a juvenile; or
                                    ``(IX) any other record that 
                                includes personally identifiable 
                                information that may be associated with 
                                a juvenile delinquency proceeding, an 
                                act of juvenile delinquency, or an 
                                alleged act of juvenile delinquency; 
                                and
                            ``(iii) a law enforcement record, including 
                        a photograph or a State criminal justice 
                        information system record; and
                    ``(C) does not include--
                            ``(i) fingerprints; or
                            ``(ii) a DNA sample;
            ``(12) the term `petitioner' means a person who files an 
        expungement petition or a sealing petition;
            ``(13) the term `seal' means--
                    ``(A) to close a record from public viewing so that 
                the record cannot be examined except as otherwise 
                provided under section 5043; and
                    ``(B) to physically seal the record shut and label 
                the record `SEALED' or, in the case of an electronic 
                record, the substantive equivalent;
            ``(14) the term `sealing hearing' means a hearing held 
        under section 5043(b)(2)(B); and
            ``(15) the term `sealing petition' means a petition for a 
        sealing order filed under section 5043(b).''.
    (c) Confidentiality.--Section 5038 of title 18, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the flush text following 
        paragraph (6), by inserting after ``bonding,'' the following: 
        ``participation in an educational system,''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``District courts 
        exercising jurisdiction over any juvenile'' and inserting the 
        following: ``Not later than 7 days after the date on which a 
        district court exercises jurisdiction over a juvenile, the 
        district court''.
    (d) Sealing; Expungement.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 403 of title 18, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 5043. Sealing
    ``(a) Automatic Sealing of Nonviolent Offenses.--
            ``(1) In general.--Three years after the date on which a 
        person who is adjudicated delinquent under this chapter for a 
        juvenile nonviolent offense completes every term of probation, 
        official detention, or juvenile delinquent supervision ordered 
        by the court with respect to the offense, the court shall order 
        the sealing of each juvenile record or portion thereof that 
        relates to the offense if the person--
                    ``(A) has not been convicted of a crime or 
                adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile 
                delinquency since the date of the disposition; and
                    ``(B) is not engaged in active criminal court 
                proceedings or juvenile delinquency proceedings.
            ``(2) Automatic nature of sealing.--The order of sealing 
        under paragraph (1) shall require no action by the person whose 
        juvenile records are to be sealed.
            ``(3) Notice of automatic sealing.--A court that orders the 
        sealing of a juvenile record of a person under paragraph (1) 
        shall, in writing, inform the person of the sealing and the 
        benefits of sealing the record.
    ``(b) Petitioning for Early Sealing of Nonviolent Offenses.--
            ``(1) Right to file sealing petition.--
                    ``(A) In general.--During the 3-year period 
                beginning on the date on which a person who is 
                adjudicated delinquent under this chapter for a 
                juvenile nonviolent offense completes every term of 
                probation, official detention, or juvenile delinquent 
                supervision ordered by the court with respect to the 
                offense, the person may petition the court to seal the 
                juvenile records that relate to the offense unless the 
                person--
                            ``(i) has been convicted of a crime or 
                        adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile 
                        delinquency since the date of the disposition; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) is engaged in active criminal court 
                        proceedings or juvenile delinquency 
                        proceedings.
                    ``(B) Notice of opportunity to file petition.--If a 
                person is adjudicated delinquent for a juvenile 
                nonviolent offense, the court in which the person is 
                adjudicated delinquent shall, in writing, inform the 
                person of the potential eligibility of the person to 
                file a sealing petition with respect to the offense 
                upon completing every term of probation, official 
                detention, or juvenile delinquent supervision ordered 
                by the court with respect to the offense, and the 
                necessary procedures for filing the sealing petition--
                            ``(i) on the date on which the individual 
                        is adjudicated delinquent; and
                            ``(ii) on the date on which the individual 
                        has completed every term of probation, official 
                        detention, or juvenile delinquent supervision 
                        ordered by the court with respect to the 
                        offense.
            ``(2) Procedures.--
                    ``(A) Notification to prosecutor.--If a person 
                files a sealing petition with respect to a juvenile 
                nonviolent offense, the court in which the petition is 
                filed shall provide notice of the petition--
                            ``(i) to the Attorney General; and
                            ``(ii) upon the request of the petitioner, 
                        to any other individual that the petitioner 
                        determines may testify as to--
                                    ``(I) the conduct of the petitioner 
                                since the date of the offense; or
                                    ``(II) the reasons that the sealing 
                                order should be entered.
                    ``(B) Hearing.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If a person files a 
                        sealing petition, the court shall--
                                    ``(I) except as provided in clause 
                                (iii), conduct a hearing in accordance 
                                with clause (ii); and
                                    ``(II) determine whether to enter a 
                                sealing order for the person in 
                                accordance with subparagraph (C).
                            ``(ii) Opportunity to testify and offer 
                        evidence.--
                                    ``(I) Petitioner.--The petitioner 
                                may testify or offer evidence at the 
                                sealing hearing in support of sealing.
                                    ``(II) Prosecutor.--The Attorney 
                                General may send a representative to 
                                testify or offer evidence at the 
                                sealing hearing in support of or 
                                against sealing.
                                    ``(III) Other individuals.--An 
                                individual who receives notice under 
                                subparagraph (A)(ii) may testify or 
                                offer evidence at the sealing hearing 
                                as to the issues described in 
                                subclauses (I) and (II) of that 
                                subparagraph.
                            ``(iii) Waiver of hearing.--If the 
                        petitioner and the Attorney General so agree, 
                        the court shall make a determination under 
                        subparagraph (C) without a hearing.
                    ``(C) Basis for decision.--The court shall 
                determine whether to grant the sealing petition after 
                considering--
                            ``(i) the sealing petition and any 
                        documents in the possession of the court;
                            ``(ii) all the evidence and testimony 
                        presented at the sealing hearing, if such a 
                        hearing is conducted;
                            ``(iii) the best interests of the 
                        petitioner;
                            ``(iv) the age of the petitioner during his 
                        or her contact with the court or any law 
                        enforcement agency;
                            ``(v) the nature of the juvenile nonviolent 
                        offense;
                            ``(vi) the disposition of the case;
                            ``(vii) the manner in which the petitioner 
                        participated in any court-ordered 
                        rehabilitative programming or supervised 
                        services;
                            ``(viii) the length of the time period 
                        during which the petitioner has been without 
                        contact with any court or law enforcement 
                        agency;
                            ``(ix) whether the petitioner has had any 
                        criminal or juvenile delinquency involvement 
                        since the disposition of the juvenile 
                        delinquency proceeding; and
                            ``(x) the adverse consequences the 
                        petitioner may suffer if the petition is not 
                        granted.
                    ``(D) Waiting period after denial.--If the court 
                denies a sealing petition, the petitioner may not file 
                a new sealing petition with respect to the same 
                juvenile nonviolent offense until the date that is 2 
                years after the date of the denial.
                    ``(E) Universal form.--The Director of the 
                Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall 
                create a universal form, available over the Internet 
                and in paper form, that an individual may use to file a 
                sealing petition.
                    ``(F) No fee for indigent petitioners.--If the 
                court determines that the petitioner is indigent, there 
                shall be no cost for filing a sealing petition.
                    ``(G) Reporting.--Not later than 2 years after the 
                date of enactment of this section, and each year 
                thereafter, the Director of the Administrative Office 
                of the United States Courts shall issue a public report 
                that--
                            ``(i) describes--
                                    ``(I) the number of sealing 
                                petitions granted and denied under this 
                                subsection; and
                                    ``(II) the number of instances in 
                                which the Attorney General supported or 
                                opposed a sealing petition;
                            ``(ii) includes any supporting data that 
                        the Director determines relevant and that does 
                        not name any petitioner; and
                            ``(iii) disaggregates all relevant data by 
                        race, ethnicity, gender, and the nature of the 
                        offense.
                    ``(H) Public defender eligibility.--
                            ``(i) Petitioners under age 18.--The 
                        district court shall appoint counsel in 
                        accordance with the plan of the district court 
                        in operation under section 3006A to represent a 
                        petitioner for purposes of this subsection if 
                        the petitioner is less than 18 years of age.
                            ``(ii) Petitioners age 18 and older.--
                                    ``(I) Discretion of court.--In the 
                                case of a petitioner who is not less 
                                than 18 years of age, the district 
                                court may, in its discretion, appoint 
                                counsel in accordance with the plan of 
                                the district court in operation under 
                                section 3006A to represent the 
                                petitioner for purposes of this 
                                subsection.
                                    ``(II) Considerations.--In 
                                determining whether to appoint counsel 
                                under subclause (I), the court shall 
                                consider--
                                            ``(aa) the anticipated 
                                        complexity of the sealing 
                                        hearing, including the number 
                                        and type of witnesses called to 
                                        advocate against the sealing of 
                                        the records of the petitioner; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) the potential for 
                                        adverse testimony by a victim 
                                        or a representative of the 
                                        Attorney General.
    ``(c) Effect of Sealing Order.--
            ``(1) Protection from disclosure.--Except as provided in 
        paragraphs (3) and (4), if a court orders the sealing of a 
        juvenile record of a person under subsection (a) or (b) with 
        respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the proceedings in 
        the case shall be deemed never to have occurred, and the person 
        may properly reply accordingly to any inquiry about the events 
        the records of which are ordered sealed.
            ``(2) Verification of sealing.--If a court orders the 
        sealing of a juvenile record under subsection (a) or (b) with 
        respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the court shall--
                    ``(A) send a copy of the sealing order to each 
                entity or person known to the court that possesses a 
                record relating to the offense, including each--
                            ``(i) law enforcement agency; and
                            ``(ii) public or private correctional or 
                        detention facility;
                    ``(B) in the sealing order, require each entity or 
                person described in subparagraph (A) to--
                            ``(i) seal the record; and
                            ``(ii) submit a written certification to 
                        the court, under penalty of perjury, that the 
                        entity or person has sealed each paper and 
                        electronic copy of the record;
                    ``(C) seal each paper and electronic copy of the 
                record in the possession of the court; and
                    ``(D) after receiving a written certification from 
                each entity or person under subparagraph (B)(ii), 
                notify the petitioner that each entity or person 
                described in subparagraph (A) has sealed each paper and 
                electronic copy of the record.
            ``(3) Law enforcement access to sealed records.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), a law enforcement agency may access a 
                sealed juvenile record in the possession of the agency 
                or another law enforcement agency solely--
                            ``(i) to determine whether the person who 
                        is the subject of the record is a nonviolent 
                        offender eligible for a first-time-offender 
                        diversion program;
                            ``(ii) for investigatory or prosecutorial 
                        purposes; or
                            ``(iii) for a background check that relates 
                        to--
                                    ``(I) law enforcement employment; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) any position that a Federal 
                                agency designates as a--
                                            ``(aa) national security 
                                        position; or
                                            ``(bb) high-risk, public 
                                        trust position.
                    ``(B) Transition period.--During the 1-year period 
                beginning on the date on which a court orders the 
                sealing of a juvenile record under this section, a law 
                enforcement agency may, for law enforcement purposes, 
                access the record if it is in the possession of the 
                agency or another law enforcement agency.
            ``(4) Prohibition on disclosure.--
                    ``(A) Prohibition.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (C), it shall be unlawful to intentionally 
                make or attempt to make an unauthorized disclosure of 
                any information from a sealed juvenile record in 
                violation of this section.
                    ``(B) Penalty.--Any person who violates 
                subparagraph (A) shall be fined under this title, 
                imprisoned for not more than 1 year, or both.
                    ``(C) Exceptions.--
                            ``(i) Background checks.--In the case of a 
                        background check for law enforcement employment 
                        or for any employment that requires a 
                        government security clearance--
                                    ``(I) a person who is the subject 
                                of a juvenile record sealed under this 
                                section shall disclose the contents of 
                                the record; and
                                    ``(II) a law enforcement agency 
                                that possesses a juvenile record sealed 
                                under this section--
                                            ``(aa) may disclose the 
                                        contents of the record; and
                                            ``(bb) if the agency 
                                        obtains or is subject to a 
                                        court order authorizing 
                                        disclosure of the record, may 
                                        disclose the record.
                            ``(ii) Disclosure to armed forces.--A 
                        person, including a law enforcement agency that 
                        possesses a juvenile record sealed under this 
                        section, may disclose information from a 
                        juvenile record sealed under this section to 
                        the Secretaries of the military departments (or 
                        the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect 
                        to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as 
                        a service in the Navy) for the purpose of 
                        vetting an enlistment or commission, or with 
                        regard to any member of the Armed Forces.
                            ``(iii) Criminal and juvenile 
                        proceedings.--A prosecutor or other law 
                        enforcement officer may disclose information 
                        from a juvenile record sealed under this 
                        section, and a person who is the subject of a 
                        juvenile record sealed under this section may 
                        be required to testify or otherwise disclose 
                        information about the record, in a criminal or 
                        other proceeding if such disclosure is required 
                        by the Constitution of the United States, the 
                        constitution of a State, or a Federal or State 
                        statute or rule.
                            ``(iv) Authorization for person to disclose 
                        own record.--A person who is the subject of a 
                        juvenile record sealed under this section may 
                        choose to disclose the record.
    ``(d) Limitation Relating to Subsequent Incidents.--
            ``(1) After filing and before petition granted.--If, after 
        the date on which a person files a sealing petition with 
        respect to a juvenile offense and before the court determines 
        whether to grant the petition, the person is convicted of a 
        crime, adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile 
        delinquency, or engaged in active criminal court proceedings or 
        juvenile delinquency proceedings, the court shall deny the 
        petition.
            ``(2) After petition granted.--If, on or after the date on 
        which a court orders the sealing of a juvenile record of a 
        person under subsection (b), the person is convicted of a crime 
        or adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile delinquency--
                    ``(A) the court shall--
                            ``(i) vacate the order; and
                            ``(ii) notify the person who is the subject 
                        of the juvenile record, and each entity or 
                        person described in subsection (c)(2)(A), that 
                        the order has been vacated; and
                    ``(B) the record shall no longer be sealed.
    ``(e) Inclusion of State Juvenile Delinquency Adjudications and 
Proceedings.--For purposes of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection 
(a)(1), clauses (i) and (ii) of subsection (b)(1)(A), and paragraphs 
(1) and (2) of subsection (d), the term `juvenile delinquency' includes 
the violation of a law of a State committed by a person before 
attaining the age of 18 years which would have been a crime if 
committed by an adult.
``Sec. 5044. Expungement
    ``(a) Automatic Expungement of Certain Records.--
            ``(1) Attorney general motion.--
                    ``(A) Nonviolent offenses committed before a person 
                turned 15.--If a person is adjudicated delinquent under 
                this chapter for a juvenile nonviolent offense 
                committed before the person attained 15 years of age 
                and completes every term of probation, official 
                detention, or juvenile delinquent supervision ordered 
                by the court with respect to the offense before 
                attaining 18 years of age, on the date on which the 
                person attains 18 years of age, the Attorney General 
                shall file a motion in the district court of the United 
                States in which the person was adjudicated delinquent 
                requesting that each juvenile record of the person that 
                relates to the offense be expunged.
                    ``(B) Arrests.--If a juvenile is arrested by a 
                Federal law enforcement agency for a juvenile 
                nonviolent offense for which a juvenile delinquency 
                proceeding is not instituted under this chapter, and 
                for which the United States does not proceed against 
                the juvenile as an adult in a district court of the 
                United States, the Attorney General shall file a motion 
                in the district court of the United States that would 
                have had jurisdiction of the proceeding requesting that 
                each juvenile record relating to the arrest be 
                expunged.
                    ``(C) Expungement order.--Upon the filing of a 
                motion in a district court of the United States with 
                respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense under 
                subparagraph (A) or an arrest for a juvenile nonviolent 
                offense under subparagraph (B), the court shall grant 
                the motion and order that each juvenile record relating 
                to the offense or arrest, as applicable, be expunged.
            ``(2) Dismissed cases.--If a district court of the United 
        States dismisses an information with respect to a juvenile 
        under this chapter or finds a juvenile not to be delinquent in 
        a juvenile delinquency proceeding under this chapter, the court 
        shall concurrently order that each juvenile record relating to 
        the applicable proceeding be expunged.
            ``(3) Automatic nature of expungement.--An order of 
        expungement under paragraph (1)(C) or (2) shall not require any 
        action by the person whose records are to be expunged.
            ``(4) Notice of automatic expungement.--A court that orders 
        the expungement of a juvenile record of a person under 
        paragraph (1)(C) or (2) shall, in writing, inform the person of 
        the expungement and the benefits of expunging the record.
    ``(b) Petitioning for Expungement of Nonviolent Offenses.--
            ``(1) In general.--A person who is adjudicated delinquent 
        under this chapter for a juvenile nonviolent offense committed 
        on or after the date on which the person attained 15 years of 
        age may petition the court in which the proceeding took place 
        to order the expungement of the juvenile record that relates to 
        the offense unless the person--
                    ``(A) has been convicted of a crime or adjudicated 
                delinquent for an act of juvenile delinquency since the 
                date of the disposition;
                    ``(B) is engaged in active criminal court 
                proceedings or juvenile delinquency proceedings; or
                    ``(C) has had not less than 2 adjudications of 
                delinquency previously expunged under this section.
            ``(2) Procedures.--
                    ``(A) Notification of prosecutor and victims.--If a 
                person files an expungement petition with respect to a 
                juvenile nonviolent offense, the court in which the 
                petition is filed shall provide notice of the 
                petition--
                            ``(i) to the Attorney General; and
                            ``(ii) upon the request of the petitioner, 
                        to any other individual that the petitioner 
                        determines may testify as to--
                                    ``(I) the conduct of the petitioner 
                                since the date of the offense; or
                                    ``(II) the reasons that the 
                                expungement order should be entered.
                    ``(B) Hearing.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If a person files an 
                        expungement petition, the court shall--
                                    ``(I) except as provided in clause 
                                (iii), conduct a hearing in accordance 
                                with clause (ii); and
                                    ``(II) determine whether to enter 
                                an expungement order for the person in 
                                accordance with subparagraph (C).
                            ``(ii) Opportunity to testify and offer 
                        evidence.--
                                    ``(I) Petitioner.--The petitioner 
                                may testify or offer evidence at the 
                                expungement hearing in support of 
                                expungement.
                                    ``(II) Prosecutor.--The Attorney 
                                General may send a representative to 
                                testify or offer evidence at the 
                                expungement hearing in support of or 
                                against expungement.
                                    ``(III) Other individuals.--An 
                                individual who receives notice under 
                                subparagraph (A)(ii) may testify or 
                                offer evidence at the expungement 
                                hearing as to the issues described in 
                                subclauses (I) and (II) of that 
                                subparagraph.
                    ``(C) Basis for decision.--The court shall 
                determine whether to grant an expungement petition 
                after considering--
                            ``(i) the petition and any documents in the 
                        possession of the court;
                            ``(ii) all the evidence and testimony 
                        presented at the expungement hearing, if such a 
                        hearing is conducted;
                            ``(iii) the best interests of the 
                        petitioner;
                            ``(iv) the age of the petitioner during his 
                        or her contact with the court or any law 
                        enforcement agency;
                            ``(v) the nature of the juvenile nonviolent 
                        offense;
                            ``(vi) the disposition of the case;
                            ``(vii) the manner in which the petitioner 
                        participated in any court-ordered 
                        rehabilitative programming or supervised 
                        services;
                            ``(viii) the length of the time period 
                        during which the petitioner has been without 
                        contact with any court or any law enforcement 
                        agency;
                            ``(ix) whether the petitioner has had any 
                        criminal or juvenile delinquency involvement 
                        since the disposition of the juvenile 
                        delinquency proceeding; and
                            ``(x) the adverse consequences the 
                        petitioner may suffer if the petition is not 
                        granted.
                    ``(D) Waiting period after denial.--If the court 
                denies an expungement petition, the petitioner may not 
                file a new expungement petition with respect to the 
                same offense until the date that is 2 years after the 
                date of the denial.
                    ``(E) Universal form.--The Director of the 
                Administrative Office of the United States Courts shall 
                create a universal form, available over the Internet 
                and in paper form, that an individual may use to file 
                an expungement petition.
                    ``(F) No fee for indigent petitioners.--If the 
                court determines that the petitioner is indigent, there 
                shall be no cost for filing an expungement petition.
                    ``(G) Reporting.--Not later than 2 years after the 
                date of enactment of this section, and each year 
                thereafter, the Director of the Administrative Office 
                of the United States Courts shall issue a public report 
                that--
                            ``(i) describes--
                                    ``(I) the number of expungement 
                                petitions granted and denied under this 
                                subsection; and
                                    ``(II) the number of instances in 
                                which the Attorney General supported or 
                                opposed an expungement petition;
                            ``(ii) includes any supporting data that 
                        the Director determines relevant and that does 
                        not name any petitioner; and
                            ``(iii) disaggregates all relevant data by 
                        race, ethnicity, gender, and the nature of the 
                        offense.
                    ``(H) Public defender eligibility.--
                            ``(i) Petitioners under age 18.--The 
                        district court shall appoint counsel in 
                        accordance with the plan of the district court 
                        in operation under section 3006A to represent a 
                        petitioner for purposes of this subsection if 
                        the petitioner is less than 18 years of age.
                            ``(ii) Petitioners age 18 and older.--
                                    ``(I) Discretion of court.--In the 
                                case of a petitioner who is not less 
                                than 18 years of age, the district 
                                court may, in its discretion, appoint 
                                counsel in accordance with the plan of 
                                the district court in operation under 
                                section 3006A to represent the 
                                petitioner for purposes of this 
                                subsection.
                                    ``(II) Considerations.--In 
                                determining whether to appoint counsel 
                                under subclause (I), the court shall 
                                consider--
                                            ``(aa) the anticipated 
                                        complexity of the expungement 
                                        hearing, including the number 
                                        and type of witnesses called to 
                                        advocate against the 
                                        expungement of the records of 
                                        the petitioner; and
                                            ``(bb) the potential for 
                                        adverse testimony by a victim 
                                        or a representative of the 
                                        Attorney General.
    ``(c) Effect of Expunged Juvenile Record.--
            ``(1) Protection from disclosure.--Except as provided in 
        paragraphs (4) through (8), if a court orders the expungement 
        of a juvenile record of a person under subsection (a) or (b) 
        with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the proceedings 
        in the case shall be deemed never to have occurred, and the 
        person may properly reply accordingly to any inquiry about the 
        events the records of which are ordered sealed.
            ``(2) Verification of expungement.--If a court orders the 
        expungement of a juvenile record under subsection (a) or (b) 
        with respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense, the court 
        shall--
                    ``(A) send a copy of the expungement order to each 
                entity or person known to the court that possesses a 
                record relating to the offense, including each--
                            ``(i) law enforcement agency; and
                            ``(ii) public or private correctional or 
                        detention facility;
                    ``(B) in the expungement order--
                            ``(i) require each entity or person 
                        described in subparagraph (A) to--
                                    ``(I) seal the record for 1 year 
                                and, during that 1-year period, apply 
                                paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 
                                5043(c) with respect to the record;
                                    ``(II) on the date that is 1 year 
                                after the date of the order, destroy 
                                the record unless a subsequent incident 
                                described in subsection (d)(2) occurs; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) submit a written 
                                certification to the court, under 
                                penalty of perjury, that the entity or 
                                person has destroyed each paper and 
                                electronic copy of the record; and
                            ``(ii) explain that if a subsequent 
                        incident described in subsection (d)(2) occurs, 
                        the order shall be vacated and the record shall 
                        no longer be sealed;
                    ``(C) on the date that is 1 year after the date of 
                the order, destroy each paper and electronic copy of 
                the record in the possession of the court unless a 
                subsequent incident described in subsection (d)(2) 
                occurs; and
                    ``(D) after receiving a written certification from 
                each entity or person under subparagraph (B)(i)(III), 
                notify the petitioner that each entity or person 
                described in subparagraph (A) has destroyed each paper 
                and electronic copy of the record.
            ``(3) Reply to inquiries.--On and after the date that is 1 
        year after the date on which a court orders the expungement of 
        a juvenile record of a person under this section, in the case 
        of an inquiry relating to the juvenile record, the court, each 
        law enforcement officer, any agency that provided treatment or 
        rehabilitation services to the person, and the person (except 
        as provided in paragraphs (4) through (8)) shall reply to the 
        inquiry that no such juvenile record exists.
            ``(4) Civil actions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--On and after the date on which a 
                court orders the expungement of a juvenile record of a 
                person under this section, if the person brings an 
                action against a law enforcement agency that arrested, 
                or participated in the arrest of, the person for the 
                offense to which the record relates, or against the 
                State or political subdivision of a State of which the 
                law enforcement agency is an agency, in which the 
                contents of the record are relevant to the resolution 
                of the issues presented in the action, there shall be a 
                rebuttable presumption that the defendant has a 
                complete defense to the action.
                    ``(B) Showing by plaintiff.--In an action described 
                in subparagraph (A), the plaintiff may rebut the 
                presumption of a complete defense by showing that the 
                contents of the expunged record would not prevent the 
                defendant from being held liable.
                    ``(C) Duty to testify as to existence of record.--
                The court in which an action described in subparagraph 
                (A) is filed may require the plaintiff to state under 
                oath whether the plaintiff had a juvenile record and 
                whether the record was expunged.
                    ``(D) Proof of existence of juvenile record.--If 
                the plaintiff in an action described in subparagraph 
                (A) denies the existence of a juvenile record, the 
                defendant may prove the existence of the record in any 
                manner compatible with the applicable laws of evidence.
            ``(5) Criminal and juvenile proceedings.--On and after the 
        date that is 1 year after the date on which a court orders the 
        expungement of a juvenile record under this section, a 
        prosecutor or other law enforcement officer may disclose 
        underlying information from the juvenile record, and the person 
        who is the subject of the juvenile record may be required to 
        testify or otherwise disclose information about the record, in 
        a criminal or other proceeding if such disclosure is required 
        by the Constitution of the United States, the constitution of a 
        State, or a Federal or State statute or rule.
            ``(6) Background checks.--On and after the date that is 1 
        year after the date on which a court orders the expungement of 
        a juvenile record under this section, in the case of a 
        background check for law enforcement employment or for any 
        employment that requires a government security clearance, the 
        person who is the subject of the juvenile record may be 
        required to disclose underlying information from the record.
            ``(7) Disclosure to armed forces.--On and after the date 
        that is 1 year after the date on which a court orders the 
        expungement of a juvenile record under this section, a person, 
        including a law enforcement agency that possessed such a 
        juvenile record, may be required to disclose underlying 
        information from the record to the Secretaries of the military 
        departments (or the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect 
        to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the 
        Navy) for the purpose of vetting an enlistment or commission, 
        or with regard to any member of the Armed Forces.
            ``(8) Authorization for person to disclose own record.--A 
        person who is the subject of a juvenile record expunged under 
        this section may choose to disclose the record.
            ``(9) Treatment as sealed record during transition 
        period.--During the 1-year period beginning on the date on 
        which a court orders the expungement of a juvenile record under 
        this section, paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 5043(c) shall 
        apply with respect to the record as if the record had been 
        sealed under that section.
    ``(d) Limitation Relating to Subsequent Incidents.--
            ``(1) After filing and before petition granted.--If, after 
        the date on which a person files an expungement petition with 
        respect to a juvenile offense and before the court determines 
        whether to grant the petition, the person is convicted of a 
        crime, adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile 
        delinquency, or engaged in active criminal court proceedings or 
        juvenile delinquency proceedings, the court shall deny the 
        petition.
            ``(2) After petition granted.--If, on or after the date on 
        which a court orders the expungement of a juvenile record of a 
        person under subsection (b), the person is convicted of a 
        crime, adjudicated delinquent for an act of juvenile 
        delinquency, or engaged in active criminal court proceedings or 
        juvenile delinquency proceedings--
                    ``(A) the court that ordered the expungement 
                shall--
                            ``(i) vacate the order; and
                            ``(ii) notify the person who is the subject 
                        of the juvenile record, and each entity or 
                        person described in subsection (c)(2)(A), that 
                        the order has been vacated; and
                    ``(B) the record shall no longer be sealed.
    ``(e) Inclusion of State Juvenile Delinquency Adjudications and 
Proceedings.--For purposes of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection 
(b)(1) and paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (d), the term `juvenile 
delinquency' includes the violation of a law of a State committed by a 
person before attaining the age of 18 years which would have been a 
crime if committed by an adult.''.
            (2) Technical and conforming amendment.--The table of 
        sections for chapter 403 of title 18, United States Code, is 
        amended by adding at the end the following:

``5043. Sealing.
``5044. Expungement.''.
            (3) Applicability.--Sections 5043 and 5044 of title 18, 
        United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply with 
        respect to a juvenile nonviolent offense (as defined in section 
        5031 of such title, as amended by subsection (b)) that is 
        committed or alleged to have been committed before, on, or 
        after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in the amendments made by this 
section shall be construed to authorize the sealing or expungement of a 
record of a criminal conviction of a juvenile who was proceeded against 
as an adult in a district court of the United States.

SEC. 212. JUVENILE SOLITARY CONFINEMENT.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 403 of title 18, United States Code, as 
amended by section 211, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 5045. Juvenile solitary confinement
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section--
            ``(1) the term `covered juvenile' means--
                    ``(A) a juvenile who--
                            ``(i) is being proceeded against under this 
                        chapter for an alleged act of juvenile 
                        delinquency; or
                            ``(ii) has been adjudicated delinquent 
                        under this chapter; or
                    ``(B) a juvenile who is being proceeded against as 
                an adult in a district court of the United States for 
                an alleged criminal offense;
            ``(2) the term `juvenile facility' means any facility where 
        covered juveniles are--
                    ``(A) committed pursuant to an adjudication of 
                delinquency under this chapter; or
                    ``(B) detained prior to disposition or conviction; 
                and
            ``(3) the term `room confinement' means the involuntary 
        placement of a covered juvenile alone in a cell, room, or other 
        area for any reason.
    ``(b) Prohibition on Room Confinement in Juvenile Facilities.--
            ``(1) In general.--The use of room confinement at a 
        juvenile facility for discipline, punishment, retaliation, or 
        any reason other than as a temporary response to a covered 
        juvenile's behavior that poses a serious and immediate risk of 
        physical harm to any individual, including the covered 
        juvenile, is prohibited.
            ``(2) Juveniles posing risk of harm.--
                    ``(A) Requirement to use least restrictive 
                techniques.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Before a staff member of 
                        a juvenile facility places a covered juvenile 
                        in room confinement, the staff member shall 
                        attempt to use less restrictive techniques, 
                        including--
                                    ``(I) talking with the covered 
                                juvenile in an attempt to de-escalate 
                                the situation; and
                                    ``(II) permitting a qualified 
                                mental health professional to talk to 
                                the covered juvenile.
                            ``(ii) Explanation.--If, after attempting 
                        to use less restrictive techniques as required 
                        under clause (i), a staff member of a juvenile 
                        facility decides to place a covered juvenile in 
                        room confinement, the staff member shall 
                        first--
                                    ``(I) explain to the covered 
                                juvenile the reasons for the room 
                                confinement; and
                                    ``(II) inform the covered juvenile 
                                that release from room confinement will 
                                occur--
                                            ``(aa) immediately when the 
                                        covered juvenile regains self-
                                        control, as described in 
                                        subparagraph (B)(i); or
                                            ``(bb) not later than after 
                                        the expiration of the time 
                                        period described in subclause 
                                        (I) or (II) of subparagraph 
                                        (B)(ii), as applicable.
                    ``(B) Maximum period of confinement.--If a covered 
                juvenile is placed in room confinement because the 
                covered juvenile poses a serious and immediate risk of 
                physical harm to himself or herself, or to others, the 
                covered juvenile shall be released--
                            ``(i) immediately when the covered juvenile 
                        has sufficiently gained control so as to no 
                        longer engage in behavior that threatens 
                        serious and immediate risk of physical harm to 
                        himself or herself, or to others; or
                            ``(ii) if a covered juvenile does not 
                        sufficiently gain control as described in 
                        clause (i), not later than--
                                    ``(I) 3 hours after being placed in 
                                room confinement, in the case of a 
                                covered juvenile who poses a serious 
                                and immediate risk of physical harm to 
                                others; or
                                    ``(II) 30 minutes after being 
                                placed in room confinement, in the case 
                                of a covered juvenile who poses a 
                                serious and immediate risk of physical 
                                harm only to himself or herself.
                    ``(C) Risk of harm after maximum period of 
                confinement.--If, after the applicable maximum period 
                of confinement under subclause (I) or (II) of 
                subparagraph (B)(ii) has expired, a covered juvenile 
                continues to pose a serious and immediate risk of 
                physical harm described in that subclause--
                            ``(i) the covered juvenile shall be 
                        transferred to another juvenile facility or 
                        internal location where services can be 
                        provided to the covered juvenile without 
                        relying on room confinement; or
                            ``(ii) if a qualified mental health 
                        professional believes the level of crisis 
                        service needed is not currently available, a 
                        staff member of the juvenile facility shall 
                        initiate a referral to a location that can meet 
                        the needs of the covered juvenile.
                    ``(D) Spirit and purpose.--The use of consecutive 
                periods of room confinement to evade the spirit and 
                purpose of this subsection shall be prohibited.''.
    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment.--The table of sections for 
chapter 403 of title 18, United States Code, as amended by section 211, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:

``5045. Juvenile solitary confinement.''.

SEC. 213. ENSURING ACCURACY OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL RECORDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 534 of title 28, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Ensuring Accuracy of Federal Criminal Records.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In this subsection--
                            ``(i) the term `applicant' means the 
                        individual to whom a record sought to be 
                        exchanged pertains;
                            ``(ii) the term `high-risk, public trust 
                        position' means a position designated as a 
                        public trust position under section 731.106(b) 
                        of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, or any 
                        successor regulation;
                            ``(iii) the term `incomplete', with respect 
                        to a record, means the record--
                                    ``(I) indicates that an individual 
                                was arrested but does not describe the 
                                offense for which the individual was 
                                arrested; or
                                    ``(II) indicates that an individual 
                                was arrested or criminal proceedings 
                                were instituted against an individual 
                                but does not include the final 
                                disposition of the arrest or of the 
                                proceedings if a final disposition has 
                                been reached;
                            ``(iv) the term `record' means a record or 
                        other information collected under this section 
                        that relates to--
                                    ``(I) an arrest by a Federal law 
                                enforcement officer; or
                                    ``(II) a Federal criminal 
                                proceeding;
                            ``(v) the term `reporting jurisdiction' 
                        means any person or entity that provides a 
                        record to the Attorney General under this 
                        section; and
                            ``(vi) the term `requesting entity'--
                                    ``(I) means a person or entity that 
                                seeks the exchange of a record for 
                                civil purposes that include employment, 
                                housing, credit, or any other type of 
                                application; and
                                    ``(II) does not include a law 
                                enforcement or intelligence agency that 
                                seeks the exchange of a record for--
                                            ``(aa) investigative 
                                        purposes; or
                                            ``(bb) purposes relating to 
                                        law enforcement employment.
                    ``(B) Rule of construction.--The definition of the 
                term `requesting entity' under subparagraph (A) shall 
                not be construed to authorize access to records that is 
                not otherwise authorized by law.
            ``(2) Incomplete or inaccurate records.--The Attorney 
        General shall establish and enforce procedures to ensure the 
        prompt release of accurate records exchanged for employment-
        related purposes through the records system created under this 
        section.
            ``(3) Required procedures.--The procedures established 
        under paragraph (2) shall include the following:
                    ``(A) Inaccurate record or information.--If the 
                Attorney General determines that a record is 
                inaccurate, the Attorney General shall promptly correct 
                the record, including by making deletions to the record 
                if appropriate.
                    ``(B) Incomplete record.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If the Attorney General 
                        determines that a record is incomplete or 
                        cannot be verified, the Attorney General--
                                    ``(I) shall attempt to complete or 
                                verify the record; and
                                    ``(II) if unable to complete or 
                                verify the record, may promptly make 
                                any changes or deletions to the record.
                            ``(ii) Lack of disposition of arrest.--For 
                        purposes of this subparagraph, an incomplete 
                        record includes a record that indicates there 
                        was an arrest and does not include the 
                        disposition of the arrest.
                            ``(iii) Obtaining disposition of arrest.--
                        If the Attorney General determines that a 
                        record is an incomplete record described in 
                        clause (ii), the Attorney General shall, not 
                        later than 10 days after the date on which the 
                        requesting entity requests the exchange and 
                        before the exchange is made, obtain the 
                        disposition (if any) of the arrest.
                    ``(C) Notification of reporting jurisdiction.--The 
                Attorney General shall notify each appropriate 
                reporting jurisdiction of any action taken under 
                subparagraph (A) or (B).
                    ``(D) Opportunity to review records by applicant.--
                In connection with an exchange of a record under this 
                section, the Attorney General shall--
                            ``(i) notify the applicant that the 
                        applicant can obtain a copy of the record as 
                        described in clause (ii) if the applicant 
                        demonstrates a reasonable basis for the 
                        applicant's review of the record;
                            ``(ii) provide to the applicant an 
                        opportunity, upon request and in accordance 
                        with clause (i), to--
                                    ``(I) obtain a copy of the record; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) challenge the accuracy and 
                                completeness of the record;
                            ``(iii) promptly notify the requesting 
                        entity of any such challenge;
                            ``(iv) not later than 30 days after the 
                        date on which the challenge is made, complete 
                        an investigation of the challenge;
                            ``(v) provide to the applicant the specific 
                        findings and results of that investigation;
                            ``(vi) promptly make any changes or 
                        deletions to the records required as a result 
                        of the challenge; and
                            ``(vii) report those changes to the 
                        requesting entity.
                    ``(E) Certain exchanges prohibited.--
                            ``(i) In general.--An exchange shall not 
                        include any record--
                                    ``(I) except as provided in clause 
                                (ii), about an arrest more than 2 years 
                                old as of the date of the request for 
                                the exchange, that does not also 
                                include a disposition (if any) of that 
                                arrest;
                                    ``(II) relating to an adult or 
                                juvenile nonserious offense of the sort 
                                described in section 20.32(b) of title 
                                28, Code of Federal Regulations, as in 
                                effect on July 1, 2009; or
                                    ``(III) to the extent the record is 
                                not clearly an arrest or a disposition 
                                of an arrest.
                            ``(ii) Applicants for sensitive 
                        positions.--The prohibition under clause (i)(I) 
                        shall not apply in the case of a background 
                        check that relates to--
                                    ``(I) law enforcement employment; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) any position that a Federal 
                                agency designates as a--
                                            ``(aa) national security 
                                        position; or
                                            ``(bb) high-risk, public 
                                        trust position.
            ``(4) Fees.--The Attorney General may collect a reasonable 
        fee for an exchange of records for employment-related purposes 
        through the records system created under this section to defray 
        the costs associated with exchanges for those purposes, 
        including any costs associated with the investigation of 
        inaccurate or incomplete records.''.
    (b) Regulations on Reasonable Procedures.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall 
issue regulations to carry out section 534(g) of title 28, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a).
    (c) Report.--
            (1) Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``record'' 
        has the meaning given the term in subsection (g) of section 534 
        of title 28, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
            (2) Report required.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit to 
        Congress a report on the implementation of subsection (g) of 
        section 534 of title 28, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a), that includes--
                    (A) the number of exchanges of records for 
                employment-related purposes made with entities in each 
                State through the records system created under such 
                section 534;
                    (B) any prolonged failure of a Federal agency to 
                comply with a request by the Attorney General for 
                information about dispositions of arrests; and
                    (C) the numbers of successful and unsuccessful 
                challenges to the accuracy and completeness of records, 
                organized by the Federal agency from which each record 
                originated.
                                                       Calendar No. 279

114th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                                S. 2123

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

To reform sentencing laws and correctional institutions, and for other 
                               purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                            October 26, 2015

                       Reported with an amendment