Text: S.615 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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Reported to Senate (04/14/2015)

 
[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 615 Reported in Senate (RS)]

                                                        Calendar No. 54
114th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                 S. 615

    To provide for congressional review and oversight of agreements 
      relating to Iran's nuclear program, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           February 27, 2015

   Mr. Corker (for himself, Mr. Menendez, Mr. Graham, Mr. Kaine, Mr. 
McCain, Mr. Donnelly, Mr. Rubio, Ms. Heitkamp, Ms. Ayotte, Mr. Nelson, 
Mr. Risch, Mr. King, Mr. Paul, Ms. Collins, Mr. Bennet, Mr. Rounds, Mr. 
Blumenthal, Mr. Alexander, Ms. Murkowski, Mr. Heller, Mr. Schumer, Mr. 
Sasse, Mr. Flake, Mr. Cardin, Mrs. Capito, Mr. Coons, Mr. Portman, Mr. 
 Casey, Mr. Roberts, Mr. Booker, Mr. Wicker, Mr. Warner, Mr. Boozman, 
Mr. Cruz, Mr. Cornyn, Mr. Gardner, Mr. Lee, Mrs. Ernst, Mr. Crapo, Mr. 
Blunt, Mr. Sessions, Mr. Toomey, Mr. Grassley, Mr. Thune, Mr. Lankford, 
Mr. Sullivan, Mr. Perdue, Mrs. Fischer, Mr. Daines, Mr. Inhofe, and Mr. 
   Isakson) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and 
             referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations

                             April 14, 2015

               Reported by Mr. Corker, with an amendment
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
    To provide for congressional review and oversight of agreements 
      relating to Iran's nuclear program, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

<DELETED>SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    This Act may be cited as the ``Iran Nuclear Agreement 
Review Act of 2015''.</DELETED>

<DELETED>SEC. 2. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW AND OVERSIGHT OF AGREEMENTS WITH 
              IRAN RELATING TO THE NUCLEAR PROGRAM OF IRAN.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is 
amended by inserting after section 134 the following new 
section:</DELETED>

<DELETED>``SEC. 135. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW AND OVERSIGHT OF AGREEMENTS 
              WITH IRAN.</DELETED>

<DELETED>    ``(a) Transmission to Congress of Nuclear Agreements With 
Iran and Verification Assessment With Respect to Such Agreements.--
</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Transmission of agreements.--Not later than 
        5 calendar days after reaching an agreement with Iran relating 
        to the nuclear program of Iran, the President shall transmit to 
        the appropriate congressional committees--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) the text of the agreement and all 
                related materials and annexes;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) a verification assessment report of 
                the Secretary of State prepared under paragraph (2) 
                with respect to the agreement; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) a certification that--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) the agreement includes the 
                        appropriate terms, conditions, and duration of 
                        the agreement's requirements with respect to 
                        Iran's nuclear activities and provisions 
                        describing any sanctions to be waived, 
                        suspended, or otherwise reduced by the United 
                        States, and any other nation or entity, 
                        including the United Nations; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) the President determines 
                        the agreement meets United States non-
                        proliferation objectives, does not jeopardize 
                        the common defense and security, provides an 
                        adequate framework to ensure that Iran's 
                        nuclear activities permitted thereunder will 
                        not be inimical to or constitute an 
                        unreasonable risk to the common defense and 
                        security, and ensures that Iran's nuclear 
                        activities permitted thereunder will not be 
                        used to further any nuclear-related military or 
                        nuclear explosive purpose, including for any 
                        research on or development of any nuclear 
                        explosive device or any other nuclear-related 
                        military purpose.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Verification assessment report.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of State 
                shall prepare, with respect to an agreement described 
                in paragraph (1), a report assessing--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) the extent to which the 
                        Secretary will be able to verify that Iran is 
                        complying with its obligations under the 
                        agreement;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) the adequacy of the 
                        safeguards and other control mechanisms and 
                        other assurances contained in the agreement 
                        with respect to Iran's nuclear program to 
                        ensure Iran's activities permitted thereunder 
                        will not be used to further any nuclear-related 
                        military or nuclear explosive purpose, 
                        including for any research on or development of 
                        any nuclear explosive device or any other 
                        nuclear-related military purpose; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) the capacity and 
                        capability of the International Atomic Energy 
                        Agency to effectively implement the 
                        verification regime required by the agreement, 
                        including whether the International Atomic 
                        Energy Agency has the required funding, 
                        manpower, and authority to do so.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Assumptions.--In preparing a report 
                under subparagraph (A) with respect to an agreement 
                described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall assume 
                that Iran could--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) use all measures not 
                        expressly prohibited by the agreement to 
                        conceal activities that violate its obligations 
                        under the agreement; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) alter or deviate from 
                        standard practices in order to impede efforts 
                        to verify that Iran is complying with those 
                        obligations.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Classified annex.--A report under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be transmitted in unclassified 
                form, but shall include a classified annex prepared in 
                consultation with the Director of National 
                Intelligence, summarizing relevant classified 
                information.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Exception.--The requirements of 
        subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
        an agreement defined in subsection (i)(4).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(b) Period for Review by Congress of Nuclear Agreements 
With Iran.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--During the 60-day period 
        following transmittal by the President of an agreement pursuant 
        to subsection (a), the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives shall, as appropriate, hold hearings and 
        briefings and otherwise obtain information in order to fully 
        review such agreement.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Limitation on actions during period of 
        review.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except as 
        provided in paragraph (3), during the period for review 
        provided in paragraph (1), the President may not waive, 
        suspend, reduce, provide relief from, or otherwise limit the 
        application of statutory sanctions with respect to Iran under 
        any provision of law or refrain from applying any such 
        sanctions pursuant to an agreement described in subsection 
        (a).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Exception.--The prohibition under paragraph 
        (2) does not apply to any deferral, waiver, or other suspension 
        of statutory sanctions pursuant to the Joint Plan of Action if 
        that deferral, waiver, or other suspension is made--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) consistent with the law in effect on 
                the date of the enactment of the Iran Nuclear Agreement 
                Review Act of 2015; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) not later than 45 days before the 
                transmission by the President of an agreement, 
                assessment report, and certification under subsection 
                (a).</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(c) Effect of Congressional Action With Respect to 
Nuclear Agreements With Iran.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, action involving any measure of statutory 
        sanctions relief by the United States pursuant to an agreement 
        subject to subsection (a) or the Joint Plan of Action--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) may be taken, consistent with 
                existing statutory requirements for such action, if, 
                during the period for review provided in subsection 
                (b)(1), the Congress adopts, and there is enacted, a 
                joint resolution stating in substance that the Congress 
                does favor the agreement;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) may not be taken if, during the 
                period for review provided in subsection (b)(1), the 
                Congress adopts, and there is enacted, a joint 
                resolution stating in substance that the Congress does 
                not favor the agreement; or</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) may be taken, consistent with 
                existing statutory requirements for such action, if, 
                following the period for review provided in subsection 
                (b)(1), there is not enacted any such joint 
                resolution.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Definition.--For the purposes of this 
        subsection, the phrase `action involving any measure of 
        statutory sanctions relief by the United States' shall include 
        waiver, suspension, reduction, or other effort to provide 
        relief from, or otherwise limit the application of statutory 
        sanctions with respect to, Iran under any provision of law or 
        any other effort to refrain from applying any such 
        sanctions.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(d) Congressional Oversight of Iranian Compliance With 
Nuclear Agreements.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--The President shall, within 10 
        days of receiving credible and accurate information relating to 
        a potentially significant breach or compliance incident by Iran 
        with respect to an agreement subject to subsection (a), submit 
        such information to the appropriate congressional 
        committees.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Material breach report.--Not later than 10 
        days after submitting information about a potentially 
        significant breach or compliance incident pursuant to paragraph 
        (1), the President shall make a determination whether such 
        potentially significant breach or compliance issue constitutes 
        a material breach and shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees such determination, accompanied by, as 
        appropriate, a report on the action or failure to act by Iran 
        that led to the material breach, actions necessary for Iran to 
        cure the breach, and the status of Iran's efforts to cure the 
        breach.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Semi-annual report.--Not later than 180 days 
        after entering into an agreement described in subsection (a), 
        and not less frequently than once every 180 days thereafter, 
        the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report on Iran's nuclear program and the 
        compliance of Iran with the agreement during the period covered 
        by the report, including the following elements:</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Any action or failure to act by Iran 
                that breached the agreement or is in noncompliance with 
                the terms of the agreement.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Any delay by Iran of more than one 
                week in providing inspectors access to facilities, 
                people, and documents in Iran as required by the 
                agreement.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Any progress made by Iran to resolve 
                concerns by the International Atomic Energy Agency 
                about possible military dimensions of Iran's nuclear 
                program.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Any procurement by Iran of materials 
                in violation of the agreement.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) Any centrifuge research and 
                development conducted by Iran that--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) is not in compliance with 
                        the agreement; or</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) may substantially enhance 
                        the enrichment capacity of Iran if 
                        deployed.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(F) Any diversion by Iran of uranium, 
                carbon-fiber, or other materials for use in Iran's 
                nuclear program in violation of the 
                agreement.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(G) Any covert nuclear activities 
                undertaken by Iran.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(H) An assessment of whether any Iranian 
                financial institutions are engaged in money laundering 
                or terrorist finance activities, including names of 
                specific financial institutions if 
                applicable.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(I) An assessment of--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) whether, and the extent to 
                        which, Iran supported acts of terrorism; 
                        and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) whether Iran directly 
                        supported, financed, planned, or carried out an 
                        act of terrorism against the United States or a 
                        United States person anywhere in the 
                        world.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Additional reports and information.--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Agency reports.--Following 
                submission of an agreement pursuant to subsection (a) 
                to the appropriate congressional committees, the 
                Department of State, the Department of Energy, and the 
                Department of Defense shall, upon the request of either 
                of those committees, promptly furnish to those 
                committees their views as to whether the safeguards and 
                other controls contained in the agreement with respect 
                to Iran's nuclear program provide an adequate framework 
                to ensure that Iran's activities permitted thereunder 
                will not be inimical to or constitute an unreasonable 
                risk to the common defense and security.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Provision of information on nuclear 
                initiatives with iran.--The President shall keep the 
                appropriate congressional committees fully and 
                currently informed of any initiative or negotiations 
                with Iran relating Iran's nuclear program, including 
                any new or amended agreement.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) Certification.--After the review period 
        provided in subsection (b)(1), the President shall, not less 
        than every 90 days--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) determine whether the President is 
                able to certify that--</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) Iran is transparently, 
                        verifiably, and fully implementing the 
                        agreement, including all related technical or 
                        additional agreements;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) Iran has not committed a 
                        material breach with respect to the agreement 
                        or, if Iran has committed a material breach, 
                        Iran has cured the material breach;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iii) Iran has not taken any 
                        action, including covert action, that could 
                        significantly advance its nuclear weapons 
                        program;</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(iv) Iran has not directly 
                        supported or carried out an act of terrorism 
                        against the United States or a United States 
                        person anywhere in the world; and</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(v) suspension of sanctions 
                        related to Iran pursuant to the agreement is--
                        </DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) appropriate and 
                                proportionate to the specific and 
                                verifiable measures taken by Iran with 
                                respect to terminating its illicit 
                                nuclear program; and</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) vital to the 
                                national security interests of the 
                                United States; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) if the President determines he is 
                able to make the certification described in 
                subparagraph (A), make such certification to the 
                appropriate congressional committees.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(e) Expedited Consideration of Legislation.--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) In general.--In the event the President does 
        not submit a certification pursuant to subsection (d)(5) or has 
        determined pursuant to subsection (d)(2) that Iran has 
        materially breached an agreement subject to subsection (a), 
        Congress may initiate within 60 days expedited consideration of 
        qualifying legislation pursuant to this subsection.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Qualifying legislation defined.--For 
        purposes of this subsection, the term `qualifying legislation' 
        means only a bill of either House of Congress--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) the title of which is as follows: `A 
                bill reinstating statutory sanctions imposed with 
                respect to Iran.'; and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) the matter after the enacting clause 
                of which is: `Any statutory sanctions imposed with 
                respect to Iran pursuant to ______ that were waived, 
                suspended, reduced, or otherwise relieved pursuant to 
                an agreement submitted pursuant to section 135(a) of 
                the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 are hereby reinstated and 
                any action by the United States Government to 
                facilitate the release of funds or assets to Iran 
                pursuant to such agreement, or provide any further 
                waiver, suspension, reduction, or other relief is 
                hereby prohibited.', with the blank space being filled 
                in with the law or laws under which sanctions are to be 
                reinstated.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Introduction.--During the 60-day period 
        provided for in paragraph (1), qualifying legislation may be 
        introduced--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) in the House of Representatives, by 
                the Speaker (or the Speaker's designee) or the minority 
                leader (or the minority leader's designee); 
                and</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) in the Senate, by the majority 
                leader (or the majority leader's designee) or the 
                minority leader (or the minority leader's 
                designee).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Committee referral.--Qualifying legislation 
        introduced in the Senate shall be referred to the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations and in the House of Representatives to the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) Discharge.--If the committee of either House 
        to which qualifying legislation has been referred has not 
        reported such qualifying legislation within 10 session days 
        after the date of referral of such legislation, that committee 
        shall be discharged from further consideration of such 
        legislation and the qualifying legislation shall be placed on 
        the appropriate calendar.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) Floor consideration in house of 
        representatives.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Proceeding to consideration.--After 
                each committee authorized to consider qualifying 
                legislation reports it to the House of Representatives 
                or has been discharged from its consideration, it shall 
                be in order to move to proceed to consider the 
                qualifying legislation in the House. All points of 
                order against the motion are waived. Such a motion 
                shall not be in order after the House has disposed of a 
                motion to proceed on the qualifying legislation. The 
                previous question shall be considered as ordered on the 
                motion to its adoption without intervening motion. The 
                motion shall not be debatable. A motion to reconsider 
                the vote by which the motion is disposed of shall not 
                be in order.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Consideration.--The qualifying 
                legislation shall be considered as read. All points of 
                order against the qualifying legislation and against 
                its consideration are waived. The previous question 
                shall be considered as ordered on the qualifying 
                legislation to its passage without intervening motion 
                except 2 hours of debate equally divided and controlled 
                by the proponent and an opponent. A motion to 
                reconsider the vote on passage of the qualifying 
                legislation shall not be in order. No amendment to, or 
                motion to recommit, qualifying legislation shall be in 
                order.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Appeals.--All appeals from the Chair 
                relating to the application of the Rules of the House 
                of Representatives to the procedure relating to the 
                qualifying legislation shall be decided without 
                debate.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(7) Floor consideration in the senate.--
        </DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding Rule 
                XXII of the Standing Rules of the Senate, it is in 
                order at any time after the committee authorized to 
                consider qualifying legislation reports it to the 
                Senate or has been discharged from its consideration 
                (even though a previous motion to the same effect has 
                been disagreed to) to move to proceed to the 
                consideration of qualifying legislation, and all points 
                of order against qualifying legislation (and against 
                consideration of the qualifying legislation) are 
                waived. The motion to proceed is not debatable. The 
                motion is not subject to a motion to postpone. A motion 
                to reconsider the vote by which the motion is agreed to 
                or disagreed to shall not be in order. If a motion to 
                proceed to the consideration of the qualifying 
                legislation is agreed to, the qualifying legislation 
                shall remain the unfinished business until disposed 
                of.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Debate.--Debate on qualifying 
                legislation, and on all debatable motions and appeals 
                in connection therewith, shall be limited to not more 
                than 10 hours, which shall be divided equally between 
                the majority and minority leaders or their designees. A 
                motion to further limit debate is in order and not 
                debatable. An amendment to, or a motion to postpone, or 
                a motion to proceed to the consideration of other 
                business, or a motion to recommit the qualifying 
                legislation is not in order.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Vote on passage.--The vote on 
                passage shall occur immediately following the 
                conclusion of the debate on the qualifying legislation 
                and a single quorum call at the conclusion of the 
                debate, if requested in accordance with the rules of 
                the Senate.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(D) Rulings of the chair on procedure.--
                Appeals from the decisions of the Chair relating to the 
                application of the rules of the Senate, as the case may 
                be, to the procedure relating to qualifying legislation 
                shall be decided without debate.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(E) Consideration of veto messages.--
                Debate in the Senate of any veto message with respect 
                to qualifying legislation, including all debatable 
                motions and appeals in connection with such qualifying 
                legislation, shall be limited to 10 hours, to be 
                equally divided between, and controlled by, the 
                majority leader and the minority leader or their 
                designees.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(8) Rules relating to senate and house of 
        representatives.--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) Coordination with action by other 
                house.--If, before the passage by one House of 
                qualifying legislation of that House, that House 
                receives qualifying legislation from the other House, 
                then the following procedures shall apply:</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(i) The qualifying legislation 
                        of the other House shall not be referred to a 
                        committee.</DELETED>
                        <DELETED>    ``(ii) With respect to qualifying 
                        legislation of the House receiving the 
                        legislation--</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(I) the procedure in 
                                that House shall be the same as if no 
                                qualifying legislation had been 
                                received from the other House; 
                                but</DELETED>
                                <DELETED>    ``(II) the vote on passage 
                                shall be on the qualifying legislation 
                                of the other House.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) Treatment of joint resolution of 
                other house.--If one House fails to introduce or 
                consider qualifying legislation under this section, the 
                qualifying legislation of the other House shall be 
                entitled to expedited floor procedures under this 
                section.</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) Treatment of companion measures.--
                If, following passage of the qualifying legislation in 
                the Senate, the Senate then receives a companion 
                measure from the House of Representatives, the 
                companion measure shall not be debatable.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(f) Rules of House of Representatives and Senate.--
Subsection (e) is enacted by Congress--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives, respectively, and 
        as such are deemed a part of the rules of each House, 
        respectively, but applicable only with respect to the procedure 
        to be followed in that House in the case of legislation 
        described in those sections, and supersede other rules only to 
        the extent that they are inconsistent with such rules; 
        and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) with full recognition of the constitutional 
        right of either House to change the rules (so far as relating 
        to the procedure of that House) at any time, in the same 
        manner, and to the same extent as in the case of any other rule 
        of that House.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(g) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in the section shall 
be construed as--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) modifying, or having any other impact on, 
        the President's authority to negotiate, enter into, or 
        implement appropriate executive agreements, other than the 
        restrictions on implementation of the agreements specifically 
        covered by this Act;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) allowing any new waiver, suspension, 
        reduction, or other relief from statutory sanctions with 
        respect to Iran under any provision of law, or allowing the 
        President to refrain from applying any such sanctions pursuant 
        to an agreement described in subsection (a) during the period 
        for review provided in subsection (b)(1);</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) revoking or terminating any statutory 
        sanctions imposed on Iran; or</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) authorizing the use of military force 
        against Iran.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(h) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
that--</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) the sanctions regime imposed on Iran by 
        Congress is primarily responsible for bringing Iran to the 
        table to negotiate on its nuclear program;</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) these negotiations are a critically 
        important matter of national security and foreign policy for 
        the United States and its closest allies; and</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) it is critically important that Congress 
        have the opportunity to consider and, as appropriate, take 
        action on any agreement affecting the statutory sanctions 
        regime imposed by Congress.</DELETED>
<DELETED>    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(1) Agreement and all related materials and 
        annexes.--The term `agreement and all related materials and 
        annexes' means the agreement itself and any additional 
        materials related thereto, including annexes, appendices, 
        codicils, side agreements, implementing materials, documents, 
        and guidance, technical or other understandings, and any 
        related agreements, whether entered into or implemented prior 
        to the agreement or to be entered into or implemented in the 
        future.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The 
        term `appropriate congressional committees' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 14 of the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 
        (Public Law 104-172; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(3) Iranian financial institution.--The term 
        `Iranian financial institution' has the meaning given the term 
        in section 104A(d) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8513b(d)).</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(4) Joint plan of action.--The term `Joint Plan 
        of Action' means the Joint Plan of Action, signed at Geneva 
        November 24, 2013, by Iran and by France, Germany, the Russian 
        Federation, the People's Republic of China, the United Kingdom, 
        and the United States, and all implementing materials and 
        agreements related to the Joint Plan of Action, including the 
        technical understandings reached on January 12, 2014, the 
        extension thereto agreed to on July 18, 2014, the extension 
        agreed to on November 24, 2014, and any extension that is 
        agreed to on or after the date of the enactment of the Iran 
        Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(5) Material breach.--The term `material breach' 
        means, with respect to an agreement described in subsection 
        (a), any breach of the agreement that substantially--</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(A) benefits Iran's nuclear 
                program;</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(B) decreases the amount of time 
                required by Iran to achieve a nuclear weapon; 
                or</DELETED>
                <DELETED>    ``(C) deviates from or undermines the 
                purposes of such agreement.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(6) Noncompliance defined.--The term 
        `noncompliance' means any departure from the terms of an 
        agreement described in subsection (a) that is not a material 
        breach.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(7) P5+1 countries.--The term `P5+1 countries' 
        means the United States, France, the Russian Federation, the 
        People's Republic of China, the United Kingdom, and 
        Germany.</DELETED>
        <DELETED>    ``(8) United states person.--The term `United 
        States person' has the meaning given that term in section 101 
        of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and 
        Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8511).''.</DELETED>

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 
2015''.

SEC. 2. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW AND OVERSIGHT OF AGREEMENTS WITH IRAN 
              RELATING TO THE NUCLEAR PROGRAM OF IRAN.

    The Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is amended 
by inserting after section 134 the following new section:

``SEC. 135. CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW AND OVERSIGHT OF AGREEMENTS WITH IRAN.

    ``(a) Transmission to Congress of Nuclear Agreements With Iran and 
Verification Assessment With Respect to Such Agreements.--
            ``(1) Transmission of agreements.--Not later than 5 
        calendar days after reaching an agreement with Iran relating to 
        the nuclear program of Iran, the President shall transmit to 
        the appropriate congressional committees and leadership--
                    ``(A) the agreement, as defined in subsection 
                (h)(1), including all related materials and annexes;
                    ``(B) a verification assessment report of the 
                Secretary of State prepared under paragraph (2) with 
                respect to the agreement; and
                    ``(C) a certification that--
                            ``(i) the agreement includes the 
                        appropriate terms, conditions, and duration of 
                        the agreement's requirements with respect to 
                        Iran's nuclear activities and provisions 
                        describing any sanctions to be waived, 
                        suspended, or otherwise reduced by the United 
                        States, and any other nation or entity, 
                        including the United Nations; and
                            ``(ii) the President determines the 
                        agreement meets United States non-proliferation 
                        objectives, does not jeopardize the common 
                        defense and security, provides an adequate 
                        framework to ensure that Iran's nuclear 
                        activities permitted thereunder will not be 
                        inimical to or constitute an unreasonable risk 
                        to the common defense and security, and ensures 
                        that Iran's nuclear activities permitted 
                        thereunder will not be used to further any 
                        nuclear-related military or nuclear explosive 
                        purpose, including for any research on or 
                        development of any nuclear explosive device or 
                        any other nuclear-related military purpose.
            ``(2) Verification assessment report.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of State shall 
                prepare, with respect to an agreement described in 
                paragraph (1), a report assessing--
                            ``(i) the extent to which the Secretary 
                        will be able to verify that Iran is complying 
                        with its obligations and commitments under the 
                        agreement;
                            ``(ii) the adequacy of the safeguards and 
                        other control mechanisms and other assurances 
                        contained in the agreement with respect to 
                        Iran's nuclear program to ensure Iran's 
                        activities permitted thereunder will not be 
                        used to further any nuclear-related military or 
                        nuclear explosive purpose, including for any 
                        research on or development of any nuclear 
                        explosive device or any other nuclear-related 
                        military purpose; and
                            ``(iii) the capacity and capability of the 
                        International Atomic Energy Agency to 
                        effectively implement the verification regime 
                        required by or related to the agreement, 
                        including whether the International Atomic 
                        Energy Agency will have sufficient access to 
                        investigate suspicious sites or allegations of 
                        covert nuclear-related activities and whether 
                        it has the required funding, manpower, and 
                        authority to undertake the verification regime 
                        required by or related to the agreement.
                    ``(B) Assumptions.--In preparing a report under 
                subparagraph (A) with respect to an agreement described 
                in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall assume that Iran 
                could--
                            ``(i) use all measures not expressly 
                        prohibited by the agreement to conceal 
                        activities that violate its obligations and 
                        commitments under the agreement; and
                            ``(ii) alter or deviate from standard 
                        practices in order to impede efforts to verify 
                        that Iran is complying with those obligations 
                        and commitments.
                    ``(C) Classified annex.--A report under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be transmitted in unclassified 
                form, but shall include a classified annex prepared in 
                consultation with the Director of National 
                Intelligence, summarizing relevant classified 
                information.
            ``(3) Exception.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Neither the requirements of 
                subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (1), nor 
                subsections (b) through (g) of this section, shall 
                apply to an agreement described in subsection (h)(5) or 
                to the EU-Iran Joint Statement made on April 2, 2015.
                    ``(B) Additional requirement.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (A), any agreement as defined in 
                subsection (h)(1) and any related materials, whether 
                concluded before or after the date of the enactment of 
                this section, shall not be subject to the exception in 
                subparagraph (A).
    ``(b) Period for Review by Congress of Nuclear Agreements With 
Iran.--
            ``(1) In general.--During the 30-calendar day period 
        following transmittal by the President of an agreement pursuant 
        to subsection (a), the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives shall, as appropriate, hold hearings and 
        briefings and otherwise obtain information in order to fully 
        review such agreement.
            ``(2) Exception.--The period for congressional review under 
        paragraph (1) shall be 60 calendar days if an agreement, 
        including all materials required to be transmitted to Congress 
        pursuant to subsection (a)(1), is transmitted pursuant to 
        subsection (a) between July 10, 2015, and September 7, 2015.
            ``(3) Limitation on actions during initial congressional 
        review period.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        except as provided in paragraph (6), prior to and during the 
        period for transmission of an agreement in subsection (a)(1) 
        and during the period for congressional review provided in 
        paragraph (1), including any additional period as applicable 
        under the exception provided in paragraph (2), the President 
        may not waive, suspend, reduce, provide relief from, or 
        otherwise limit the application of statutory sanctions with 
        respect to Iran under any provision of law or refrain from 
        applying any such sanctions pursuant to an agreement described 
        in subsection (a).
            ``(4) Limitation on actions during presidential 
        consideration of a joint resolution of disapproval.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except as provided 
        in paragraph (6), if a joint resolution of disapproval 
        described in subsection (c)(2)(B) passes the Congress, the 
        President may not waive, suspend, reduce, provide relief from, 
        or otherwise limit the application of statutory sanctions with 
        respect to Iran under any provision of law or refrain from 
        applying any such sanctions pursuant to an agreement described 
        in subsection (a) for a period of 12 calendar days following 
        the date of passage of the joint resolution of disapproval.
            ``(5) Limitation on actions during congressional 
        reconsideration of a joint resolution of disapproval.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except as provided 
        in paragraph (6), if a joint resolution of disapproval 
        described in subsection (c)(2)(B) passes the Congress, and the 
        President vetoes such joint resolution, the President may not 
        waive, suspend, reduce, provide relief from, or otherwise limit 
        the application of statutory sanctions with respect to Iran 
        under any provision of law or refrain from applying any such 
        sanctions pursuant to an agreement described in subsection (a) 
        for a period of 10 calendar days following the date of the 
        President's veto.
            ``(6) Exception.--The prohibitions under paragraphs (3) 
        through (5) do not apply to any new deferral, waiver, or other 
        suspension of statutory sanctions pursuant to the Joint Plan of 
        Action if that deferral, waiver, or other suspension is made--
                    ``(A) consistent with the law in effect on the date 
                of the enactment of the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review 
                Act of 2015; and
                    ``(B) not later than 45 calendar days before the 
                transmission by the President of an agreement, 
                assessment report, and certification under subsection 
                (a).
    ``(c) Effect of Congressional Action With Respect to Nuclear 
Agreements With Iran.--
            ``(1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that--
                    ``(A) the sanctions regime imposed on Iran by 
                Congress is primarily responsible for bringing Iran to 
                the table to negotiate on its nuclear program;
                    ``(B) these negotiations are a critically important 
                matter of national security and foreign policy for the 
                United States and its closest allies;
                    ``(C) this section does not require a vote by 
                Congress for the agreement to commence;
                    ``(D) this section provides for congressional 
                review, including, as appropriate, for approval, 
                disapproval, or no action on statutory sanctions relief 
                under an agreement; and
                    ``(E) even though the agreement may commence, 
                because the sanctions regime was imposed by Congress 
                and only Congress can permanently modify or eliminate 
                that regime, it is critically important that Congress 
                have the opportunity, in an orderly and deliberative 
                manner, to consider and, as appropriate, take action 
                affecting the statutory sanctions regime imposed by 
                Congress.
            ``(2) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, action involving any measure of statutory sanctions relief 
        by the United States pursuant to an agreement subject to 
        subsection (a) or the Joint Plan of Action--
                    ``(A) may be taken, consistent with existing 
                statutory requirements for such action, if, during the 
                period for review provided in subsection (b), the 
                Congress adopts, and there is enacted, a joint 
                resolution stating in substance that the Congress does 
                favor the agreement;
                    ``(B) may not be taken if, during the period for 
                review provided in subsection (b), the Congress adopts, 
                and there is enacted, a joint resolution stating in 
                substance that the Congress does not favor the 
                agreement; or
                    ``(C) may be taken, consistent with existing 
                statutory requirements for such action, if, following 
                the period for review provided in subsection (b), there 
                is not enacted any such joint resolution.
            ``(3) Definition.--For the purposes of this subsection, the 
        phrase `action involving any measure of statutory sanctions 
        relief by the United States' shall include waiver, suspension, 
        reduction, or other effort to provide relief from, or otherwise 
        limit the application of statutory sanctions with respect to, 
        Iran under any provision of law or any other effort to refrain 
        from applying any such sanctions.
    ``(d) Congressional Oversight of Iranian Compliance With Nuclear 
Agreements.--
            ``(1) In general.--The President shall keep the appropriate 
        congressional committees and leadership fully and currently 
        informed of all aspects of Iranian compliance with respect to 
        an agreement subject to subsection (a).
            ``(2) Potentially significant breaches and compliance 
        incidents.--The President shall, within 10 calendar days of 
        receiving credible and accurate information relating to a 
        potentially significant breach or compliance incident by Iran 
        with respect to an agreement subject to subsection (a), submit 
        such information to the appropriate congressional committees 
        and leadership.
            ``(3) Material breach report.--Not later than 30 calendar 
        days after submitting information about a potentially 
        significant breach or compliance incident pursuant to paragraph 
        (2), the President shall make a determination whether such 
        potentially significant breach or compliance issue constitutes 
        a material breach and, if there is such a material breach, 
        whether Iran has cured such material breach, and shall submit 
        to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership such 
        determination, accompanied by, as appropriate, a report on the 
        action or failure to act by Iran that led to the material 
        breach, actions necessary for Iran to cure the breach, and the 
        status of Iran's efforts to cure the breach.
            ``(4) Semi-annual report.--Not later than 180 calendar days 
        after entering into an agreement described in subsection (a), 
        and not less frequently than once every 180 calendar days 
        thereafter, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees and leadership a report on Iran's 
        nuclear program and the compliance of Iran with the agreement 
        during the period covered by the report, including the 
        following elements:
                    ``(A) Any action or failure to act by Iran that 
                breached the agreement or is in noncompliance with the 
                terms of the agreement.
                    ``(B) Any delay by Iran of more than one week in 
                providing inspectors access to facilities, people, and 
                documents in Iran as required by the agreement.
                    ``(C) Any progress made by Iran to resolve concerns 
                by the International Atomic Energy Agency about 
                possible military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.
                    ``(D) Any procurement by Iran of materials in 
                violation of the agreement or which could otherwise 
                significantly advance Iran's ability to obtain a 
                nuclear weapon.
                    ``(E) Any centrifuge research and development 
                conducted by Iran that--
                            ``(i) is not in compliance with the 
                        agreement; or
                            ``(ii) may substantially enhance the 
                        breakout time of acquisition of a nuclear 
                        weapon by Iran, if deployed.
                    ``(F) Any diversion by Iran of uranium, carbon-
                fiber, or other materials for use in Iran's nuclear 
                program in violation of the agreement.
                    ``(G) Any covert nuclear activities undertaken by 
                Iran, including any covert nuclear weapons-related or 
                covert fissile material activities or research and 
                development.
                    ``(H) An assessment of whether any Iranian 
                financial institutions are engaged in money laundering 
                or terrorist finance activities, including names of 
                specific financial institutions if applicable.
                    ``(I) Iran's advances in its ballistic missile 
                program, including developments related to its long-
                range and inter-continental ballistic missile programs.
                    ``(J) An assessment of--
                            ``(i) whether Iran directly supported, 
                        financed, planned, or carried out an act of 
                        terrorism against the United States or a United 
                        States person anywhere in the world;
                            ``(ii) whether, and the extent to which, 
                        Iran supported acts of terrorism, including 
                        acts of terrorism against the United States or 
                        a United States person anywhere in the world;
                            ``(iii) all actions, including in 
                        international fora, being taken by the United 
                        States to stop, counter, and condemn acts by 
                        Iran to directly or indirectly carry out acts 
                        of terrorism against the United States and 
                        United States persons;
                            ``(iv) the impact on the national security 
                        of the United States and the safety of United 
                        States citizens as a result of any Iranian 
                        actions reported under this paragraph; and
                            ``(v) all of the sanctions relief provided 
                        to Iran, pursuant to the agreement, and a 
                        description of the relationship between each 
                        sanction waived, suspended, or deferred and 
                        Iran's nuclear weapon's program.
                    ``(K) An assessment of whether violations of 
                internationally recognized human rights in Iran have 
                changed, increased, or decreased, as compared to the 
                prior 180-day period.
            ``(5) Additional reports and information.--
                    ``(A) Agency reports.--Following submission of an 
                agreement pursuant to subsection (a) to the appropriate 
                congressional committees and leadership, the Department 
                of State, the Department of Energy, and the Department 
                of Defense shall, upon the request of any of those 
                committees or leadership, promptly furnish to those 
                committees or leadership their views as to whether the 
                safeguards and other controls contained in the 
                agreement with respect to Iran's nuclear program 
                provide an adequate framework to ensure that Iran's 
                activities permitted thereunder will not be inimical to 
                or constitute an unreasonable risk to the common 
                defense and security.
                    ``(B) Provision of information on nuclear 
                initiatives with iran.--The President shall keep the 
                appropriate congressional committees and leadership 
                fully and currently informed of any initiative or 
                negotiations with Iran relating to Iran's nuclear 
                program, including any new or amended agreement.
            ``(6) Compliance certification.--After the review period 
        provided in subsection (b), the President shall, not less than 
        every 90 calendar days--
                    ``(A) determine whether the President is able to 
                certify that--
                            ``(i) Iran is transparently, verifiably, 
                        and fully implementing the agreement, including 
                        all related technical or additional agreements;
                            ``(ii) Iran has not committed a material 
                        breach with respect to the agreement or, if 
                        Iran has committed a material breach, Iran has 
                        cured the material breach;
                            ``(iii) Iran has not taken any action, 
                        including covert action, that could 
                        significantly advance its nuclear weapons 
                        program; and
                            ``(iv) suspension of sanctions related to 
                        Iran pursuant to the agreement is--
                                    ``(I) appropriate and proportionate 
                                to the specific and verifiable measures 
                                taken by Iran with respect to 
                                terminating its illicit nuclear 
                                program; and
                                    ``(II) vital to the national 
                                security interests of the United 
                                States; and
                    ``(B) if the President determines he is able to 
                make the certification described in subparagraph (A), 
                make such certification to the appropriate 
                congressional committees and leadership.
            ``(7) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that--
                    ``(A) United States sanctions on Iran for 
                terrorism, human rights abuses, and ballistic missiles 
                will remain in place under an agreement, as defined in 
                subsection (h)(1);
                    ``(B) issues not addressed by an agreement on the 
                nuclear program of Iran, including fair and appropriate 
                compensation for Americans who were terrorized and 
                subjected to torture while held in captivity for 444 
                days after the seizure of the United States Embassy in 
                Tehran, Iran, in 1979 and their families, the freedom 
                of Americans held in Iran, the human rights abuses of 
                the Government of Iran against its own people, and the 
                continued support of terrorism worldwide by the 
                Government of Iran, are matters critical to ensure 
                justice and the national security of the United States, 
                and should be expeditiously addressed;
                    ``(C) the President should determine the agreement 
                in no way compromises the commitment of the United 
                States to Israel's security, nor its support for 
                Israel's right to exist; and
                    ``(D) in order to responsibly implement any long-
                term agreement reached between the P5+1 countries and 
                Iran, it is critically important that Congress have the 
                opportunity to review any agreement and, as necessary, 
                take action to modify the statutory sanctions regime 
                imposed by Congress.
    ``(e) Expedited Consideration of Legislation.--
            ``(1) In general.--In the event the President does not 
        submit a certification pursuant to subsection (d)(6) or has 
        determined pursuant to subsection (d)(3) that Iran has 
        materially breached an agreement subject to subsection (a) and 
        the material breach has not been cured, Congress may initiate 
        within 60 calendar days expedited consideration of qualifying 
        legislation pursuant to this subsection.
            ``(2) Qualifying legislation defined.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `qualifying legislation' means only a bill 
        of either House of Congress--
                    ``(A) the title of which is as follows: `A bill 
                reinstating statutory sanctions imposed with respect to 
                Iran.'; and
                    ``(B) the matter after the enacting clause of which 
                is: `Any statutory sanctions imposed with respect to 
                Iran pursuant to ______ that were waived, suspended, 
                reduced, or otherwise relieved pursuant to an agreement 
                submitted pursuant to section 135(a) of the Atomic 
                Energy Act of 1954 are hereby reinstated and any action 
                by the United States Government to facilitate the 
                release of funds or assets to Iran pursuant to such 
                agreement, or provide any further waiver, suspension, 
                reduction, or other relief pursuant to such agreement 
                is hereby prohibited.', with the blank space being 
                filled in with the law or laws under which sanctions 
                are to be reinstated.
            ``(3) Introduction.--During the 60-calendar day period 
        provided for in paragraph (1), qualifying legislation may be 
        introduced--
                    ``(A) in the House of Representatives, by the 
                majority leader or the minority leader; and
                    ``(B) in the Senate, by the majority leader (or the 
                majority leader's designee) or the minority leader (or 
                the minority leader's designee).
            ``(4) Floor consideration in house of representatives.--
                    ``(A) Reporting and discharge.--If a committee of 
                the House to which qualifying legislation has been 
                referred has not reported such qualifying legislation 
                within 10 legislative days after the date of referral, 
                that committee shall be discharged from further 
                consideration thereof.
                    ``(B) Proceeding to consideration.--Beginning on 
                the third legislative day after each committee to which 
                qualifying legislation has been referred reports it to 
                the House or has been discharged from further 
                consideration thereof, it shall be in order to move to 
                proceed to consider the qualifying legislation in the 
                House. All points of order against the motion are 
                waived. Such a motion shall not be in order after the 
                House has disposed of a motion to proceed on the 
                qualifying legislation with regard to the same 
                agreement. The previous question shall be considered as 
                ordered on the motion to its adoption without 
                intervening motion. The motion shall not be debatable. 
                A motion to reconsider the vote by which the motion is 
                disposed of shall not be in order.
                    ``(C) Consideration.--The qualifying legislation 
                shall be considered as read. All points of order 
                against the qualifying legislation and against its 
                consideration are waived. The previous question shall 
                be considered as ordered on the qualifying legislation 
                to final passage without intervening motion except two 
                hours of debate equally divided and controlled by the 
                sponsor of the qualifying legislation (or a designee) 
                and an opponent. A motion to reconsider the vote on 
                passage of the qualifying legislation shall not be in 
                order.
            ``(5) Consideration in the senate.--
                    ``(A) Committee referral.--Qualifying legislation 
                introduced in the Senate shall be referred to the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations.
                    ``(B) Reporting and discharge.--If the Committee on 
                Foreign Relations has not reported such qualifying 
                legislation within 10 session days after the date of 
                referral of such legislation, that committee shall be 
                discharged from further consideration of such 
                legislation and the qualifying legislation shall be 
                placed on the appropriate calendar.
                    ``(C) Proceeding to consideration.--Notwithstanding 
                Rule XXII of the Standing Rules of the Senate, it is in 
                order at any time after the committee authorized to 
                consider qualifying legislation reports it to the 
                Senate or has been discharged from its consideration 
                (even though a previous motion to the same effect has 
                been disagreed to) to move to proceed to the 
                consideration of qualifying legislation, and all points 
                of order against qualifying legislation (and against 
                consideration of the qualifying legislation) are 
                waived. The motion to proceed is not debatable. The 
                motion is not subject to a motion to postpone. A motion 
                to reconsider the vote by which the motion is agreed to 
                or disagreed to shall not be in order. If a motion to 
                proceed to the consideration of the qualifying 
                legislation is agreed to, the qualifying legislation 
                shall remain the unfinished business until disposed of.
                    ``(D) Debate.--Debate on qualifying legislation, 
                and on all debatable motions and appeals in connection 
                therewith, shall be limited to not more than 10 hours, 
                which shall be divided equally between the majority and 
                minority leaders or their designees. A motion to 
                further limit debate is in order and not debatable. An 
                amendment to, or a motion to postpone, or a motion to 
                proceed to the consideration of other business, or a 
                motion to recommit the qualifying legislation is not in 
                order.
                    ``(E) Vote on passage.--The vote on passage shall 
                occur immediately following the conclusion of the 
                debate on the qualifying legislation and a single 
                quorum call at the conclusion of the debate, if 
                requested in accordance with the rules of the Senate.
                    ``(F) Rulings of the chair on procedure.--Appeals 
                from the decisions of the Chair relating to the 
                application of the rules of the Senate, as the case may 
                be, to the procedure relating to qualifying legislation 
                shall be decided without debate.
                    ``(G) Consideration of veto messages.--Debate in 
                the Senate of any veto message with respect to 
                qualifying legislation, including all debatable motions 
                and appeals in connection with such qualifying 
                legislation, shall be limited to 10 hours, to be 
                equally divided between, and controlled by, the 
                majority leader and the minority leader or their 
                designees.
            ``(6) Rules relating to senate and house of 
        representatives.--
                    ``(A) Coordination with action by other house.--If, 
                before the passage by one House of qualifying 
                legislation of that House, that House receives 
                qualifying legislation from the other House, then the 
                following procedures shall apply:
                            ``(i) The qualifying legislation of the 
                        other House shall not be referred to a 
                        committee.
                            ``(ii) With respect to qualifying 
                        legislation of the House receiving the 
                        legislation--
                                    ``(I) the procedure in that House 
                                shall be the same as if no qualifying 
                                legislation had been received from the 
                                other House; but
                                    ``(II) the vote on passage shall be 
                                on the qualifying legislation of the 
                                other House.
                    ``(B) Treatment of a bill of other house.--If one 
                House fails to introduce qualifying legislation under 
                this section, the qualifying legislation of the other 
                House shall be entitled to expedited floor procedures 
                under this section.
                    ``(C) Treatment of companion measures.--If, 
                following passage of the qualifying legislation in the 
                Senate, the Senate then receives a companion measure 
                from the House of Representatives, the companion 
                measure shall not be debatable.
                    ``(D) Application to revenue measures.--The 
                provisions of this paragraph shall not apply in the 
                House of Representatives to qualifying legislation 
                which is a revenue measure.
    ``(f) Rules of House of Representatives and Senate.--Subsection (e) 
is enacted by Congress--
            ``(1) as an exercise of the rulemaking power of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives, respectively, and as such are 
        deemed a part of the rules of each House, respectively, but 
        applicable only with respect to the procedure to be followed in 
        that House in the case of legislation described in those 
        sections, and supersede other rules only to the extent that 
        they are inconsistent with such rules; and
            ``(2) with full recognition of the constitutional right of 
        either House to change the rules (so far as relating to the 
        procedure of that House) at any time, in the same manner, and 
        to the same extent as in the case of any other rule of that 
        House.
    ``(g) Rules of Construction.--Nothing in the section shall be 
construed as--
            ``(1) modifying, or having any other impact on, the 
        President's authority to negotiate, enter into, or implement 
        appropriate executive agreements, other than the restrictions 
        on implementation of the agreements specifically covered by 
        this section;
            ``(2) allowing any new waiver, suspension, reduction, or 
        other relief from statutory sanctions with respect to Iran 
        under any provision of law, or allowing the President to 
        refrain from applying any such sanctions pursuant to an 
        agreement described in subsection (a) during the period for 
        review provided in subsection (b);
            ``(3) revoking or terminating any statutory sanctions 
        imposed on Iran; or
            ``(4) authorizing the use of military force against Iran.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Agreement.--The term `agreement' means an agreement 
        related to the nuclear program of Iran that includes the United 
        States, commits the United States to take action, or pursuant 
        to which the United States commits or otherwise agrees to take 
        action, regardless of the form it takes, whether a political 
        commitment or otherwise, and regardless of whether it is 
        legally binding or not, including any joint comprehensive plan 
        of action entered into or made between Iran and any other 
        parties, and any additional materials related thereto, 
        including annexes, appendices, codicils, side agreements, 
        implementing materials, documents, and guidance, technical or 
        other understandings, and any related agreements, whether 
        entered into or implemented prior to the agreement or to be 
        entered into or implemented in the future.
            ``(2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        `appropriate congressional committees' means the Committee on 
        Finance, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        the Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and 
        Means, the Committee on Financial Services, the Permanent 
        Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign 
        Affairs of the House of Representatives.
            ``(3) Appropriate congressional committees and 
        leadership.--The term `appropriate congressional committees and 
        leadership' means the Committee on Finance, the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
        Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate and the Committee 
        on Ways and Means, the Committee on Financial Services, the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee 
        on Foreign Affairs, and the Speaker, Majority Leader, and 
        Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.
            ``(4) Iranian financial institution.--The term `Iranian 
        financial institution' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 104A(d) of the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, 
        Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 
        8513b(d)).
            ``(5) Joint plan of action.--The term `Joint Plan of 
        Action' means the Joint Plan of Action, signed at Geneva 
        November 24, 2013, by Iran and by France, Germany, the Russian 
        Federation, the People's Republic of China, the United Kingdom, 
        and the United States, and all implementing materials and 
        agreements related to the Joint Plan of Action, including the 
        technical understandings reached on January 12, 2014, the 
        extension thereto agreed to on July 18, 2014, the extension 
        agreed to on November 24, 2014, and any materially identical 
        extension that is agreed to on or after the date of the 
        enactment of the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015.
            ``(6) EU-iran joint statement.--The term `EU-Iran Joint 
        Statement' means only the Joint Statement by EU High 
        Representative Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister 
        Javad Zarif made on April 2, 2015, at Lausanne, Switzerland.
            ``(7) Material breach.--The term `material breach' means, 
        with respect to an agreement described in subsection (a), any 
        breach of the agreement, or in the case of non-binding 
        commitments, any failure to perform those commitments, that 
        substantially--
                    ``(A) benefits Iran's nuclear program;
                    ``(B) decreases the amount of time required by Iran 
                to achieve a nuclear weapon; or
                    ``(C) deviates from or undermines the purposes of 
                such agreement.
            ``(8) Noncompliance defined.--The term `noncompliance' 
        means any departure from the terms of an agreement described in 
        subsection (a) that is not a material breach.
            ``(9) P5+1 countries.--The term `P5+1 countries' means the 
        United States, France, the Russian Federation, the People's 
        Republic of China, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
            ``(10) United states person.--The term `United States 
        person' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the 
        Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment 
        Act of 2010 (22 U.S.C. 8511).''.
                                                        Calendar No. 54

114th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                                 S. 615

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                                 A BILL

    To provide for congressional review and oversight of agreements 
      relating to Iran's nuclear program, and for other purposes.

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                             April 14, 2015

                       Reported with an amendment