Text: S.Res.379 — 114th Congress (2015-2016)All Information (Except Text)

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Agreed to Senate (02/29/2016)

[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. Res. 379 Agreed to Senate (ATS)]


  2d Session
S. RES. 379

                    Celebrating Black History Month.



                           February 29, 2016

 Mrs. Gillibrand (for herself, Mr. Cochran, Mr. Reid, Mr. Brown, Mrs. 
 McCaskill, Mrs. Murray, Mr. Casey, Mr. Wyden, Mr. Coons, Mr. Portman, 
  Mr. Wicker, Ms. Klobuchar, Mr. Warner, Mr. Booker, Mr. Carper, Mrs. 
    Shaheen, Mr. Sanders, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Reed, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. 
 Franken, Mr. Merkley, Mr. Nelson, Mr. Kaine, Ms. Warren, Mrs. Boxer, 
   Mr. Cardin, Mr. Bennet, Ms. Stabenow, Mr. Markey, Ms. Ayotte, Mr. 
Perdue, Mr. Burr, Mr. Moran, Ms. Murkowski, Mr. Paul, Mr. Schumer, Mr. 
 Peters, Mr. Scott, Mr. Tillis, Mr. Murphy, Mr. Sessions, Mr. Isakson, 
  Mr. Menendez, Mr. Grassley, and Mr. Leahy) submitted the following 
             resolution; which was considered and agreed to



                    Celebrating Black History Month.

Whereas in 1776, people envisioned the United States as a new nation dedicated 
        to the proposition stated in the Declaration of Independence that ``all 
        men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with 
        certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the 
        pursuit of Happiness . . .'';
Whereas Africans were first brought involuntarily to the shores of America as 
        early as the 17th century;
Whereas African Americans suffered enslavement and subsequently faced the 
        injustices of lynch mobs, segregation, and denial of the basic and 
        fundamental rights of citizenship;
Whereas in 2016, the vestiges of those injustices and inequalities remain 
        evident in the society of the United States;
Whereas in the face of injustices, people of good will and of all races in the 
        United States have distinguished themselves with a commitment to the 
        noble ideals on which the United States was founded and have fought 
        courageously for the rights and freedom of African Americans and others;
Whereas African Americans, such as Lieutenant Colonel Allen Allensworth, Maya 
        Angelou, Arthur Ashe Jr., James Baldwin, James Beckwourth, Clara Brown, 
        Blanche Bruce, Ralph Bunche, Shirley Chisholm, Holt Collier, Frederick 
        Douglass, W. E. B. Du Bois, Ralph Ellison, Medgar Evers, Alex Haley, 
        Dorothy Height, Lena Horne, Charles Hamilton Houston, Mahalia Jackson, 
        Stephanie Tubbs Jones, B.B. King, Martin Luther King, Jr., Thurgood 
        Marshall, Constance Baker Motley, Rosa Parks, Walter Payton, Bill 
        Pickett, Homer Plessy, Bass Reeves, Hiram Revels, Amelia Platts Boynton 
        Robinson, Jackie Robinson, Aaron Shirley, Sojourner Truth, Harriet 
        Tubman, Booker T. Washington, the Greensboro Four, and the Tuskegee 
        Airmen, along with many others, worked against racism to achieve success 
        and to make significant contributions to the economic, educational, 
        political, artistic, athletic, literary, scientific, and technological 
        advancements of the United States;
Whereas the contributions of African Americans from all walks of life throughout 
        the history of the United States reflect the greatness of the United 
Whereas many African Americans lived, toiled, and died in obscurity, never 
        achieving the recognition they deserved, and yet paved the way for 
        future generations to succeed;
Whereas African Americans continue to serve the United States at the highest 
        levels of business, government, and the military;
Whereas the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass inspired the 
        creation of Negro History Week, the precursor to Black History Month;
Whereas Negro History Week represented the culmination of the efforts of Dr. 
        Carter G. Woodson, the ``Father of Black History'', to enhance knowledge 
        of Black history through the Journal of Negro History, published by the 
        Association for the Study of African American Life and History, which 
        was founded by Dr. Carter G. Woodson and Jesse E. Moorland;
Whereas Black History Month, celebrated during the month of February, originated 
        in 1926 when Dr. Carter G. Woodson set aside a special period in 
        February to recognize the heritage and achievement of Black people of 
        the United States;
Whereas Dr. Carter G. Woodson stated: ``We have a wonderful history behind us. . 
        . . If you are unable to demonstrate to the world that you have this 
        record, the world will say to you, `You are not worthy to enjoy the 
        blessings of democracy or anything else.''';
Whereas since the founding of the United States, the Nation has imperfectly 
        progressed toward noble goals;
Whereas the history of the United States is the story of people regularly 
        affirming high ideals, striving to reach those ideals but often failing, 
        and then struggling to come to terms with the disappointment of that 
        failure, before committing to trying again;
Whereas on November 4, 2008, the people of the United States elected Barack 
        Obama, an African-American man, as President of the United States; and
Whereas on February 22, 2012, people across the United States celebrated the 
        groundbreaking of the National Museum of African American History and 
        Culture on the National Mall in Washington, District of Columbia, which 
        will open to the public in the fall of 2016: Now, therefore, be it
    Resolved, That the Senate--
            (1) acknowledges that all people of the United States are 
        the recipients of the wealth of history provided by Black 
            (2) recognizes the importance of Black History Month as an 
        opportunity to reflect on the complex history of the United 
        States, while remaining hopeful and confident about the path 
            (3) acknowledges the significance of Black History Month as 
        an important opportunity to commemorate the tremendous 
        contributions of African Americans to the history of the United 
            (4) encourages the celebration of Black History Month to 
        provide a continuing opportunity for all people in the United 
        States to learn from the past and understand the experiences 
        that have shaped the United States; and
            (5) agrees that, while the United States began as a divided 
        country, the United States must--
                    (A) honor the contribution of all pioneers in the 
                United States who have helped to ensure the legacy of 
                the great United States; and
                    (B) move forward with purpose, united tirelessly as 
                a nation ``indivisible, with liberty and justice for