Text: H.R.1188 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Referred in Senate (05/23/2017)

 
[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
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[H.R. 1188 Referred in Senate (RFS)]

<DOC>
115th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 1188


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                              May 23, 2017

   Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 AN ACT


 
  To reauthorize certain programs established by the Adam Walsh Child 
       Protection and Safety Act of 2006, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Adam Walsh Reauthorization Act of 
2017''.

SEC. 2. SEX OFFENDER MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE (SOMA) PROGRAM 
              REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 126(d) of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
2006 (42 U.S.C. 16926(d)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to the Attorney General $20,000,000 for each of the fiscal 
years 2018 through 2022, to be available only for the SOMA program.''.

SEC. 3. REAUTHORIZATION OF FEDERAL ASSISTANCE WITH RESPECT TO 
              VIOLATIONS OF REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 142(b) of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
2006 (42 U.S.C. 16941(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) For each of fiscal years 2018 through 2022, of amounts made 
available to the United States Marshals Service, not less than 
$60,000,000 shall be available to carry out this section.''.

SEC. 4. DURATION OF SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
              JUVENILES.

    Subparagraph (B) of section 115(b)(2) of the Adam Walsh Child 
Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (42 U.S.C. 16915(b)(2)) is amended by 
striking ``25 years'' and inserting ``15 years''.

SEC. 5. PUBLIC ACCESS TO JUVENILE SEX OFFENDER INFORMATION.

    Section 118(c) of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
2006 (42 U.S.C. 16918(c)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon in paragraph 
        (3);
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) any information about a sex offender for whom the 
        offense giving rise to the duty to register was an offense for 
        which the offender was adjudicated delinquent; and''.

SEC. 6. PROTECTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FROM STATE NONCOMPLIANCE 
              PENALTY UNDER SORNA.

    Section 125 of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
2006 (42 U.S.C. 16925(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``jurisdiction'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``State'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``subpart 1 of part E'' and 
                inserting ``section 505(c)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``(42 U.S.C. 3750 et seq.)'' and 
                inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 3755(c))''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Calculation of Allocation to Units of Local Government.--
Notwithstanding the formula under section 505(c) of the Omnibus Crime 
Control and Safe Streets Act 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3755(c)), a State which is 
subject to a reduction in funding under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) calculate the amount to be made available to units of 
        local government by the State pursuant to the formula under 
        section 505(c) using the amount that would otherwise be 
        allocated to that State for that fiscal year under section 
        505(c) of that Act, and make such amount available to such 
        units of local government; and
            ``(2) retain for the purposes described in section 501 any 
        amount remaining after the allocation required by paragraph 
        (1).''.

SEC. 7. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN ANNUAL REPORT ON 
              ENFORCEMENT OF REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 635 of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
2006 (42 U.S.C. 16991) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Not later than July 1 of each year'' and 
        inserting ``On January 1 of each year,'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting before the semicolon at 
        the end the following: ``, and an analysis of any common 
        reasons for noncompliance with such Act'';
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (4) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (5) by adding after paragraph (5) the following:
            ``(6) the number of sex offenders registered in the 
        National Sex Offender Registry;
            ``(7) the number of sex offenders registered in the 
        National Sex Offender Registry who--
                    ``(A) are adults;
                    ``(B) are juveniles; and
                    ``(C) are adults, but who are required to register 
                as a result of conduct committed as a juvenile; and
            ``(8) to the extent such information is obtainable, of the 
        number of sex offenders registered in the National Sex Offender 
        Registry who are juveniles--
                    ``(A) the percentage of such offenders who were 
                adjudicated delinquent; and
                    ``(B) the percentage of such offenders who were 
                prosecuted as adults.''.

SEC. 8. ENSURING SUPERVISION OF RELEASED SEXUALLY DANGEROUS PERSONS.

    (a) Probation Officers.--Section 3603 of title 18, United States 
Code, is amended in paragraph (8)(A) by striking ``or 4246'' and 
inserting ``, 4246, or 4248''.
    (b) Pretrial Services Officers.--Section 3154 of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended in paragraph (12)(A) by striking ``or 4246'' 
and inserting ``, 4246, or 4248''.

SEC. 9. CIVIL REMEDY FOR SURVIVORS OF CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AND 
              HUMAN TRAFFICKING.

    Section 2255(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``three years'' and inserting ``10 years''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting ``ends'' before the period at the end.

SEC. 10. TRIBAL ACCESS PROGRAM.

    The Attorney General is authorized to provide technical assistance, 
including equipment, to tribal governments for the purpose of enabling 
such governments to access, enter information into, and obtain 
information from, Federal criminal information databases, as authorized 
under section 534(d) of title 28, United States Code. The Department of 
Justice Working Capital Fund (established under section 527 of title 
28, United States Code) may be reimbursed by federally recognized 
tribes for technical assistance provided pursuant to this section.

SEC. 11. ALTERNATIVE MECHANISMS FOR IN-PERSON VERIFICATION.

    Section 116 of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
2006 (42 U.S.C. 16916) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``A sex offender shall'' and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), a sex 
offender shall''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Alternative Verification Method.--A jurisdiction may allow a 
sex offender to comply with the requirements under subsection (a) by an 
alternative verification method approved by the Attorney General, 
except that each offender shall appear in person not less than one time 
per year. The Attorney General shall approve an alternative 
verification method described in this subsection prior to its 
implementation by a jurisdiction in order to ensure that such method 
provides for verification that is sufficient to ensure the public 
safety.''.

SEC. 12. CLARIFICATION OF AGGRAVATED SEXUAL ABUSE.

    Section 111(8) of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
2006 (42 U.S.C. 16911(8)) is amended by inserting ``subsection (a) or 
(b) of'' before ``section 2241 of title 18, United States Code''.

SEC. 13. COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION OF SEX OFFENDER ISSUES.

    Section 634(c) of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 
2006 is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Additional report.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of the Adam Walsh Reauthorization Act of 
        2017, the National Institute of Justice shall submit to 
        Congress a report on the public safety impact, recidivism, and 
        collateral consequences of long-term registration of juvenile 
        sex offenders, based on the information collected for the study 
        under subsection (a) and any other information the National 
        Institute of Justice determines necessary for such report.''.

            Passed the House of Representatives May 22, 2017.

            Attest:

                                                 KAREN L. HAAS,

                                                                 Clerk.