Text: H.R.1675 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Reported in House (12/28/2018)

 
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                                                 Union Calendar No. 859
115th CONGRESS
  2d Session
                                H. R. 1675

                     [Report No. 115-1035, Part I]

  To establish a national program to identify and reduce losses from 
 landslide hazards, to establish a national 3D Elevation Program, and 
                          for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                             March 22, 2017

 Ms. DelBene (for herself, Ms. Bonamici, Mr. Cartwright, Ms. Lee, Ms. 
    Norton, Mr. Smith of Washington, Mr. Kilmer, Mr. Heck, and Mr. 
  Grijalva) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
  Committee on Natural Resources, and in addition to the Committee on 
    Science, Space, and Technology, for a period to be subsequently 
   determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such 
 provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

                           November 16, 2018

   Reported from the Committee on Natural Resources with an amendment
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]

                           November 16, 2018

 Referral to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology extended 
          for a period ending not later than December 28, 2018

                           December 28, 2018

      Additional sponsors: Mr. Polis, Mr. Tipton, and Mrs. Torres

                           December 28, 2018

 Committee on Science, Space, and Technology discharged; committed to 
the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered 
                             to be printed
 [For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on March 
                               22, 2017]


_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To establish a national program to identify and reduce losses from 
 landslide hazards, to establish a national 3D Elevation Program, and 
                          for other purposes.


 


    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Landslide Preparedness 
Act''.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) 3D.--The term ``3D'' means 3-dimensional.
            (2) 3D elevation data.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``3D elevation data'' 
                means 3D, high-resolution data obtained using lidar, 
                ifsar, or other methods over the United States 
                (including territories).
                    (B) Inclusions.--The term ``3D elevation data'' 
                includes terrestrial and bathymetric elevation data.
            (3) 3D elevation program.--The term ``3D Elevation 
        Program'' means the 3D Elevation Program established under 
        section 5(a).
            (4) Ifsar.--The term ``ifsar'' means interferometric 
        synthetic aperture radar.
            (5) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
            (6) Lidar.--The term ``lidar'' means light detection and 
        ranging.
            (7) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of the Interior, acting through the Director of the United 
        States Geological Survey.
            (8) State.--The term ``State'' means any unit of State or 
        Territorial government handling the identification, mapping, 
        assessment, and research of landslide hazards or responding to 
        landslide events, including--
                    (A) a State geological survey office;
                    (B) a State department of emergency response; and
                    (C) a State department of transportation.

SEC. 3. NATIONAL LANDSLIDE HAZARDS REDUCTION PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to be 
known as the ``National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program'' (referred 
to in this section as the ``program'')--
            (1) to identify and understand landslide hazards and risks;
            (2) to reduce losses from landslides;
            (3) to protect communities at risk of landslide hazards; 
        and
            (4) to help improve communication and emergency 
        preparedness, including by coordinating with communities and 
        entities responsible for infrastructure that are at risk of 
        landslide hazards.
    (b) Description of Program.--
            (1) Program activities.--The Secretary, in coordination 
        with the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide 
        Hazards established by subsection (c)(1) (referred to in this 
        section as the ``Committee'') and in coordination with existing 
        activities of the United States Geological Survey and other 
        Federal agencies, shall--
                    (A) identify, map, assess, and research landslide 
                hazards;
                    (B) respond to landslide events; and
                    (C) in coordination with States and Indian tribes--
                            (i) establish working groups with States 
                        and Indian tribes to identify regional and 
                        local priorities for researching, identifying, 
                        mapping, and assessing landslide hazards; and
                            (ii) develop and implement landslide hazard 
                        guidelines for--
                                    (I) geologists;
                                    (II) geological and geotechnical 
                                engineers; and
                                    (III) land use and other 
                                decisionmakers.
            (2) National strategy.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, and every 5 years thereafter, 
        the Secretary, in coordination with the Committee, shall 
        develop and publish a national strategy for landslide hazards 
        and risk reduction in the United States, which shall include--
                    (A) goals and priorities for the program;
                    (B) priorities for data acquisition, research, 
                communications, and risk management on landslides and 
                landslide hazards across relevant Federal agencies; and
                    (C) a detailed interagency plan to carry out the 
                national strategy, including details about the 
                programs, projects, and budgets that will be used to 
                implement the national strategy.
            (3) National landslide hazards database.--In carrying out 
        the program, the Secretary, in coordination with States and 
        Indian tribes, shall develop and maintain a publicly accessible 
        national landslide hazard and risk inventory database to 
        compile, maintain, standardize, and evaluate data regarding--
                    (A) landslide hazards and risks nationwide;
                    (B) the nationwide impact of landslides on--
                            (i) health and safety;
                            (ii) the economy and infrastructure; and
                            (iii) the environment;
                    (C) landslide hazard stabilization; and
                    (D) reduction of losses from landslides.
            (4) Landslide hazard and risk preparedness for 
        communities.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of 
        Commerce, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of 
        Transportation, and the heads of other relevant Federal 
        agencies, and in consultation with States and Indian tribes, 
        shall develop and disseminate--
                    (A) landslide planning and risk reduction guidance, 
                guidelines, maps, tools, and training materials to help 
                inform State, local, and tribal governments and 
                decisionmakers with respect to--
                            (i) the use and implementation of landslide 
                        hazard assessments;
                            (ii) the applied use of the database 
                        developed under paragraph (3);
                            (iii) reducing losses from landslides; and
                            (iv) resources available for communities 
                        working to improve landslide hazard 
                        preparedness; and
                    (B) landslide preparedness curricula and training 
                modules for--
                            (i) State, local, and tribal officials;
                            (ii) Federal, State, local, and tribal 
                        emergency managers; and
                            (iii) the National Guard.
            (5) Flash flood and debris flow early warning system.--In 
        carrying out the program, the Secretary, in coordination with 
        the Secretary of Commerce and Secretary of Agriculture, shall 
        expand the early warning system for flash floods and debris 
        flow by--
                    (A) expanding the early warning system for post-
                wildfire debris flow to include recently burned areas 
                across the western United States;
                    (B) developing procedures with State, local, and 
                tribal governments to monitor stormwater drainage in 
                areas with high flash flood and debris flow risk;
                    (C) identifying high-risk debris flow areas, such 
                as recently burned land and potential lahar hazard 
                areas; and
                    (D) identifying areas susceptible to post-wildfire 
                landslides.
            (6) Emergency response activities.--In carrying out the 
        program, the Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of 
        Commerce, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the heads of 
        other relevant Federal agencies, States, and Indian tribes, 
        shall establish emergency response procedures for the rapid 
        deployment of Federal scientists, equipment, and services to 
        areas impacted by a significant landslide event--
                    (A) to support emergency response efforts and 
                improve the safety of emergency responders;
                    (B) to improve data collection; and
                    (C) to conduct research to advance the 
                understanding of the causes, impacts, and reduction of 
                landslide hazards and risks.
    (c) Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide Hazards.--
            (1) In general.--There is established a committee, to be 
        known as the ``Interagency Coordinating Committee on Landslide 
        Hazards''.
            (2) Membership.--The Committee shall be composed of the 
        following members (or their designees):
                    (A) The Secretary, who shall serve as Chairperson 
                of the Committee.
                    (B) The Secretary of the Army.
                    (C) The Secretary of Commerce.
                    (D) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
                    (E) The Secretary of Transportation.
                    (F) The Director of the National Science 
                Foundation.
                    (G) The Director of the Office of Science and 
                Technology Policy.
                    (H) The Director of the Office of Management and 
                Budget.
                    (I) The Secretary of Agriculture.
            (3) Meetings.--The Committee shall meet at the call of the 
        Chairperson.
            (4) Purpose and duties.--The Committee shall--
                    (A) advise and oversee the program;
                    (B) facilitate communication and coordination 
                across Federal agencies in the planning, management, 
                budgeting, and execution of landslide activities; and
                    (C) support the development and execution of the 
                national strategy under subsection (b)(2), including 
                by--
                            (i) supporting the development of national 
                        goals and priorities for the national strategy;
                            (ii) articulating Federal agency roles, 
                        responsibilities, and resources for carrying 
                        out the national strategy; and
                            (iii) overseeing the implementation of the 
                        national strategy.
    (d) Advisory Committee.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an advisory 
        committee, to be known as the ``Advisory Committee on 
        Landslides'' (referred to in this subsection as the ``Advisory 
        Committee'').
            (2) Membership.--The Advisory Committee shall be composed 
        of not fewer than 11 members--
                    (A) of whom none may be an individual described in 
                any of subparagraphs (A) through (F) of section 
                7342(a)(1) of title 5, United States Code; and
                    (B) who shall be representatives of--
                            (i) States, including State geological 
                        organizations;
                            (ii) Indian tribes, including tribal 
                        geological organizations;
                            (iii) research institutions and 
                        institutions of higher education that are 
                        qualified--
                                    (I) to provide advice regarding 
                                landslide hazard and risk reduction; 
                                and
                                    (II) to represent related 
                                scientific, architectural, engineering, 
                                and planning disciplines;
                            (iv) industry standards development 
                        organizations; and
                            (v) State, local, and tribal emergency 
                        management agencies.
            (3) Recommendations.--
                    (A) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall 
                submit to the Committee recommendations for the 
                implementation of the program, including 
                recommendations regarding--
                            (i) landslide hazard and risk reduction and 
                        planning;
                            (ii) tools for communities;
                            (iii) research; and
                            (iv) such other topics as the Advisory 
                        Committee determines appropriate.
                    (B) Consideration.--The Secretary and the agency 
                heads described in subparagraphs (A) through (H) of 
                subsection (c)(2) shall take into consideration any 
                recommendation of the Advisory Committee submitted 
                under subparagraph (A).
    (e) Grant Programs.--
            (1) Cooperative landslide hazard mapping and assessment 
        program.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to appropriations, the 
                Secretary may--
                            (i) provide grants, on a competitive basis, 
                        to State, local, and tribal governments to 
                        research, map, assess, and collect data on 
                        landslide hazards and identify areas 
                        susceptible to post-wildfire landslides within 
                        the jurisdictions of those governments; and
                            (ii) accept and use funds received from 
                        other Federal and non-Federal partners to 
                        advance the purposes of the program.
                    (B) Priority.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary shall 
                        consult annually with the Committee, States, 
                        and Indian tribes to establish priorities for 
                        the grant program under this paragraph.
                            (ii) Funding prioritization.--In providing 
                        grants under this paragraph, the Secretary 
                        shall give priority to projects that--
                                    (I) will achieve the greatest 
                                landslide hazard and risk reduction;
                                    (II) reflect the goals and 
                                priorities of the national strategy 
                                established under subsection (b)(2)(A);
                                    (III) are matched at least 50 
                                percent of the total cost of the 
                                project from non-Federal sources; and
                                    (IV) include acquisition of 
                                enhanced elevation data consistent with 
                                the 3D Elevation Program.
            (2) National landslide research grants.--In providing 
        grants for landslide research and development, the Director of 
        the National Science Foundation, in consultation with the 
        Secretary and the Committee, shall ensure that the grants are 
        provided on a competitive basis to State, local, and tribal 
        governments, institutions of higher education, and 
        nongovernmental entities to advance the goals and priorities of 
        the national strategy established under subsection (b)(2)(A), 
        including for research and development on--
                    (A) the causes, mechanisms, triggers, hydrology, 
                and geology of landslides;
                    (B) ways to reduce landslide hazards and risks to 
                minimize loss of life and property, including landslide 
                hazard and risk communication, perception, 
                decisionmaking, tools, and technologies; and
                    (C) other goals and priorities of the national 
                strategy established under subsection (b)(2)(A).
    (f) Annual Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress an 
annual report, including a description of, with respect to the 
preceding calendar year--
            (1) the goals and accomplishments of the Secretary and the 
        agency heads described in subparagraphs (A) through (H) of 
        subsection (c)(2) in carrying out the national strategy 
        developed under subsection (b)(2), expressed--
                    (A) by agency, program, and budgetary resource; and
                    (B) by the goals and priorities of the national 
                strategy established under subsection (b)(2)(A);
            (2) the results of the activities of the Committee under 
        this section;
            (3) the extent to which any recommendations of the Advisory 
        Committee under subsection (d)(3)(A) have been implemented;
            (4) the grants provided under this section during that 
        preceding calendar year, including a description of--
                    (A) each activity carried out using such a grant; 
                and
                    (B) the results of those activities; and
            (5) for each significant landslide event in the United 
        States during that preceding calendar year--
                    (A) a description of the landslide event and the 
                implications of the event on communities, including 
                life and property;
                    (B) recommendations on how the identification of 
                the landslide risk could have been improved prior to 
                the event;
                    (C) a description of the effectiveness of any 
                warning and risk communication, including the 
                dissemination of warnings by State, local, and tribal 
                partners in the affected area;
                    (D) recommendations to improve risk identification, 
                reduction, and communication to landowners and local 
                governments;
                    (E) recommendations to improve landslide hazard 
                preparedness and emergency response activities under 
                this section; and
                    (F) such other findings as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
    (g) Sunset.--This program, including any reporting requirements, 
shall sunset on the date that is seven years after the date of 
enactment.

SEC. 4. GROUND SUBSIDENCE.

    As the Secretary determines to be appropriate, the Secretary shall 
support the identification, mapping, research, and monitoring of 
subsidence and groundwater resource accounting.

SEC. 5. 3D ELEVATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment of 3D Elevation Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program, 
        to be known as the ``3D Elevation Program''--
                    (A) to provide 3D elevation data coverage for the 
                United States;
                    (B) to coordinate and facilitate the collection, 
                dissemination, and use of 3D elevation data among 
                Federal departments and agencies and non-Federal 
                entities;
                    (C) to produce standard, publicly accessible 3D 
                elevation data products for the United States; and
                    (D) to promote the collection, dissemination, and 
                use of 3D elevation data among Federal, State, local, 
                and tribal governments, communities, institutions of 
                higher education, and the private sector through--
                            (i) cooperative agreements;
                            (ii) the development and maintenance of 
                        spatial data infrastructure to provide quality 
                        control and deliver to the public 3D elevation 
                        data products;
                            (iii) the development of standards and 
                        guidelines for 3D elevation data acquisition to 
                        increase accessibility to 3D elevation data in 
                        a standard, easy-to-use format; and
                            (iv) the identification, assessment, and 
                        adoption of emerging technologies to improve 
                        the accuracy and efficiency of the 3D Elevation 
                        Program.
            (2) Management.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall manage the 3D 
                Elevation Program--
                            (i) to ensure efficiency with respect to 
                        related activities of the Department of the 
                        Interior and other participating Federal 
                        departments and agencies; and
                            (ii) to meet the needs of Department of the 
                        Interior programs, stakeholders, and the 
                        public.
                    (B) Other federal departments and agencies.--The 
                head of each Federal department and agency involved in 
                the acquisition, production, distribution, or 
                application of 3D elevation data shall--
                            (i) coordinate with the 3D Elevation 
                        Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee 
                        established under subsection (b) to acquire 
                        additional, enhanced 3D elevation data;
                            (ii) submit to the Secretary a description 
                        of priority areas of interest for 3D elevation 
                        data collection for use in providing grants and 
                        cooperative agreements under subsection (d);
                            (iii) implement policies and procedures for 
                        data acquisition and sharing that are 
                        consistent with standards and guidelines 
                        developed under the 3D Elevation Program;
                            (iv) participate in, and share the results 
                        and benefits of, the 3D Elevation Program, in 
                        accordance with standards and guidelines 
                        developed under the 3D Elevation Program; and
                            (v) ensure that any 3D elevation data 
                        acquired with Federal grant funding--
                                    (I) meets 3D Elevation Program 
                                standards; and
                                    (II) is included in the national 
                                holdings of those data.
    (b) 3D Elevation Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary, in coordination with the 
        Secretary of Commerce, shall establish an interagency 
        coordinating committee, to be known as the ``3D Elevation 
        Federal Interagency Coordinating Committee'' (referred to in 
        this subsection as the ``Committee''), to better coordinate 3D 
        elevation data management across the Federal Government.
            (2) Membership.--The Committee shall be composed of the 
        following members (or their designees):
                    (A) The Secretary, who shall serve as Chairperson 
                of the Committee.
                    (B) The Secretary of Agriculture.
                    (C) The Secretary of Commerce.
                    (D) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
                    (E) The Director of the National Science 
                Foundation.
                    (F) The Director of the Office of Science and 
                Technology Policy.
                    (G) The Director of the Office of Management and 
                Budget.
                    (H) The head of any other Federal department or 
                agency, at the request of the Secretary.
            (3) Coordination.--The Committee shall coordinate, as 
        appropriate, with the existing activities of--
                    (A) the 3D Elevation Program Executive Forum;
                    (B) the Alaska Mapping Executive Committee;
                    (C) the 3D Elevation Working Group; and
                    (D) the 3D National Elevation Subcommittee.
            (4) Meetings.--The Committee shall meet at the call of the 
        Chairperson.
            (5) Duties.--The Committee shall--
                    (A) oversee the planning, management, and 
                coordination of the 3D Elevation Program; and
                    (B) develop, by not later than 1 year after the 
                date of enactment of this Act, and update periodically 
                thereafter--
                            (i) a strategic plan that establishes goals 
                        and priorities for activities carried out under 
                        the 3D Elevation Program; and
                            (ii) a detailed management plan to 
                        implement the strategic plan.
    (c) Subcommittee of National Geospatial Advisory Committee.--
            (1) Establishment.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish, 
                within the National Geospatial Advisory Committee, a 
                subcommittee (referred to in this subsection as the 
                ``Subcommittee'').
                    (B) Membership.--The Subcommittee shall--
                            (i) consist of not fewer than 11 members, 
                        of whom none may be a Federal officer or 
                        employee; and
                            (ii) include representatives of--
                                    (I) research and academic 
                                institutions;
                                    (II) industry standards development 
                                organizations;
                                    (III) units of State and local 
                                government; and
                                    (IV) the private sector.
            (2) Duties.--
                    (A) Assessment.--The Subcommittee shall conduct an 
                assessment of--
                            (i) trends and developments in--
                                    (I) the collection, dissemination, 
                                and use of 3D elevation data; and
                                    (II) science and technology 
                                relating to 3D elevation data;
                            (ii) the effectiveness of the 3D Elevation 
                        Program in carrying out the activities 
                        described in subsection (a)(1);
                            (iii) the need to revise or reorganize the 
                        3D Elevation Program; and
                            (iv) the management, coordination, 
                        implementation, and activities of the 3D 
                        Elevation Program.
                    (B) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
                of enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than 
                once every 2 years thereafter, the Subcommittee shall 
                submit to the Secretary and the 3D Elevation Federal 
                Interagency Coordinating Committee established under 
                subsection (b) a report that includes--
                            (i) the findings of the assessment under 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) recommendations of the Subcommittee 
                        based on those findings, if any.
    (d) Grants and Cooperative Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants and enter 
        into cooperative agreements with other Federal departments and 
        agencies, units of tribal, State, or local government, 
        institutions of higher education, nonprofit research 
        institutions, or other organizations to facilitate the 
        improvement of nationwide coverage of 3D elevation data.
            (2) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant or 
        enter into a cooperative agreement under this subsection, an 
        entity described in paragraph (1) shall submit to the Secretary 
        an application at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the Secretary may require.
            (3) Terms and conditions.--A grant or cooperative agreement 
        under this subsection shall be subject to such terms and 
        conditions as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, 
        including making data publically available and interoperable 
        with other Federal datasets.
    (e) Sunset.--This program, including any reporting requirements, 
shall sunset on the date that is seven years after the date of 
enactment.
                                                 Union Calendar No. 859

115th CONGRESS

  2d Session

                               H. R. 1675

                     [Report No. 115-1035, Part I]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

  To establish a national program to identify and reduce losses from 
 landslide hazards, to establish a national 3D Elevation Program, and 
                          for other purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                           December 28, 2018

 Committee on Science, Space, and Technology discharged; committed to 
the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered 
                             to be printed

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