H.R.1843 - Restraining Excessive Seizure of Property through the Exploitation of Civil Asset Forfeiture Tools Act115th Congress (2017-2018) |
|Sponsor:||Rep. Roskam, Peter J. [R-IL-6] (Introduced 03/30/2017)|
|Committees:||House - Ways and Means; Financial Services | Senate - Finance|
|Committee Reports:||H. Rept. 115-286|
|Latest Action:||Senate - 09/06/2017 Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance. (All Actions)|
This bill has the status Passed House
Here are the steps for Status of Legislation:
- Passed House
- Passed Senate
- To President
- Became Law
Text: H.R.1843 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)
Text available as:
Referred in Senate (09/06/2017)
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance
To amend title 31, United States Code, to prohibit the Internal Revenue Service from carrying out seizures relating to a structuring transaction unless the property to be seized derived from an illegal source or the funds were structured for the purpose of concealing the violation of another criminal law or regulation, to require notice and a post-seizure hearing for such seizures, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the “Clyde-Hirsch-Sowers RESPECT Act” or the “Restraining Excessive Seizure of Property through the Exploitation of Civil Asset Forfeiture Tools Act”.
Section 5317(c)(2) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—
(1) by striking “Any property” and inserting the following:
(2) by adding at the end the following:
“(i) PROPERTY DERIVED FROM AN ILLEGAL SOURCE.—Property may only be seized by the Internal Revenue Service pursuant to subparagraph (A) by reason of a claimed violation of section 5324 if the property to be seized was derived from an illegal source or the funds were structured for the purpose of concealing the violation of a criminal law or regulation other than section 5324.
“(I) make a good faith effort to find all persons with an ownership interest in such property; and
“(II) provide each such person with a notice of the seizure and of the person’s rights under clause (iv).
“(iii) EXTENSION OF NOTICE UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.—The Internal Revenue Service may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction for one 30-day extension of the notice requirement under clause (ii) if the Internal Revenue Service can establish probable cause of an imminent threat to national security or personal safety necessitating such extension.
“(iv) POST-SEIZURE HEARING.—If a person with a property interest in property seized pursuant to subparagraph (A) by the Internal Revenue Service requests a hearing by a court of competent jurisdiction within 30 days after the date on which notice is provided under subclause (ii), such property shall be returned unless the court holds an adversarial hearing and finds within 30 days of such request (or such longer period as the court may provide, but only on request of an interested party) that there is probable cause to believe that there is a violation of section 5324 involving such property and probable cause to believe that the property to be seized was derived from an illegal source or the funds were structured for the purpose of concealing the violation of a criminal law or regulation other than section 5324.”.
(a) In general.—Part III of subchapter B of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting before section 140 the following new section:
“Gross income shall not include any interest received from the Federal Government in connection with an action to recover property seized by the Internal Revenue Service pursuant to section 5317(c)(2) of title 31, United States Code, by reason of a claimed violation of section 5324 of such title.”.
(b) Clerical amendment.—The table of sections for part III of subchapter B of chapter 1 of such Code is amended by inserting before the item relating to section 140 the following new item:
“Sec. 139G. Interest received in action to recover property seized by the Internal Revenue Service based on structuring transaction.”.
(c) Effective date.—The amendments made by this section shall apply to interest received on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
Passed the House of Representatives September 5, 2017.
|Attest:||karen l. haas,|