Text: H.R.1940 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (04/05/2017)

1st Session
H. R. 1940

To allow homeowners of moderate-value homes who are subject to mortgage foreclosure proceedings to remain in their homes as renters.


April 5, 2017

Mr. Grijalva (for himself, Mr. Carson of Indiana, Ms. Clarke of New York, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Evans, Mr. Al Green of Texas, Ms. Jackson Lee, Ms. Kaptur, Ms. Lee, Mrs. Napolitano, Ms. Norton, and Mr. Raskin) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services


To allow homeowners of moderate-value homes who are subject to mortgage foreclosure proceedings to remain in their homes as renters.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Right to Rent Act of 2017”.

SEC. 2. Right to rent home subject to foreclosure.

(a) Exercise of right.—If, at any time after notice under subsection (b) for an eligible mortgage is provided to the eligible mortgagor and before the commencement of the 7-day period that ends on the first date that the foreclosing creditor may first commence or execute such foreclosure pursuant to such notice, the eligible mortgagor under the eligible mortgage that is subject to such foreclosure provides notice in accordance with section 3, notwithstanding such foreclosure or any other interests in the property, the eligible mortgagor may, at the sole option of the eligible mortgagor, continue to occupy the foreclosed property during the 5-year period that begins upon the commencement of such occupancy, subject to the requirements of subsection (c).

(b) Limitation on timing of foreclosure; notice of default and right To rent.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law or any contract, a foreclosure of an eligible mortgage may not be commenced or executed before the expiration of the 25-day period (not including Saturdays, Sundays, and legal public holidays) beginning upon the receipt, by the eligible mortgagor, of written notice provided by the foreclosing creditor for the mortgage that—

(1) clearly states that—

(A) the eligible mortgagor is in default on the mortgage; and

(B) foreclosure on the mortgage may or will be commenced on account of such default;

(2) clearly states that the eligible mortgagor has the right, notwithstanding foreclosure, to continue to occupy the foreclosed property in accordance with this Act, and sets forth the terms of such occupancy under subsections (a) and (c); and

(3) clearly identifies the first date, pursuant to this section and any other provisions of law and contract, that such foreclosure may be commenced.

(c) Terms of periodic tenancy.—Occupancy, by an eligible mortgagor, of a foreclosed property pursuant to subsection (a) shall be under a periodic month-to-month tenancy under which the owner of the property may terminate the tenancy for material breach but shall have no authority, at will, to terminate the tenancy during the occupancy pursuant to subsection (a) if the mortgagor—

(1) timely pays to the owner of the foreclosed property rent on a monthly basis in the amount of the fair market rent for the property determined in accordance with section 4; and

(2) uses property as the principal residence of the mortgagor.

SEC. 3. Required notice.

With respect to an eligible mortgage for which notice under section 2(b) has been provided, notice in accordance with this section is notice that—

(1) is made in writing;

(2) is submitted, by a means under which the act of delivery is recorded, to—

(A) the court having jurisdiction and venue to conduct the covered foreclosure proceeding for the eligible mortgage or, in the case of nonjudicial foreclosure, the court in which an action is brought pursuant to section 5; and

(B) the foreclosing creditor; and

(3) states that the eligible mortgagor is exercising the authority under section 2(a) to continue to occupy the foreclosed property.

SEC. 4. Determination of fair market rent.

(a) Initial determination.—For purposes of this Act, the fair market rent for a foreclosed property involved in a covered foreclosure proceeding shall be the amount that is determined by the court conducting such proceeding or hearing an action pursuant to section 5.

(b) Periodic adjustments.—The fair market rent determined under subsection (a) for a foreclosed property shall be adjusted annually to reflect changes in the owners’ equivalent rent of primary residence component, for the appropriate city, region, or class of city, as available, of the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers of the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor.

(c) Redetermination.—If the owner of a foreclosed property or the eligible mortgagor under the eligible mortgage requests the court described in subsection (a) to redetermine the fair market rent for a foreclosed property determined pursuant to this section (as such amount may have been adjusted pursuant to subsection (b)) and agrees to pay any costs of such redetermination (including costs of the appraisal involved), the court shall provide for redetermination of the fair market rent for the foreclosed property in the manner provided under subsection (a), except that no such redetermination shall be made pursuant to a request under this subsection made before the expiration of the 12-month period beginning upon the most recent redetermination conducted at the request of the same party.

SEC. 5. Nonjudicial foreclosure proceedings.

In the case of any covered foreclosure proceeding that is not conducted or administered by a court, the eligible mortgagor may bring an action in an appropriate court of the State in which the foreclosed property is located for a determination of fair market rent for the foreclosed property for purposes of this Act, by filing notice in accordance with section 3 with such court and otherwise complying with the rules of such court.

SEC. 6. No bar to foreclosure.

This Act may not be construed to delay, or otherwise modify, affect, or alter any right of a creditor under an eligible mortgage to foreclose on the mortgage and to sell the foreclosed property in connection with such foreclosure, except that the right of any owner of the property to possession of the property shall be subject to the leasehold interest established pursuant to section 2(c).

SEC. 7. Right to reinstatement.

This Act may not be construed to affect any right of any eligible mortgagor to reinstatement of an eligible mortgage, including any right established under contract or State law.

SEC. 8. Jurisdiction of Federal courts.

At the option of the eligible mortgagor, a proceeding under section 4 or 5 shall be removed to the appropriate district court of the United States in accordance with section 1441 of title 28, United States Code.

SEC. 9. Effect on State law.

(a) Foreclosure laws.—This Act does not annul, alter, affect, or exempt any person subject to the provisions of this Act from complying with the laws of any State regarding foreclosure on residential properties, except to the extent that such laws are inconsistent with any provision of this Act, and then only to the extent of such inconsistency.

(b) Landlord-Tenant laws.—Nothing in this Act may be construed to not annul, alter, affect, or exempt any such tenancy created pursuant to section 2(c) from any applicable State or local laws regarding the rights or responsibilities of landlords or tenants.

SEC. 10. Oversight by HUD.

The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall—

(1) monitor compliance with the requirements under this Act;

(2) make available, and provide, appropriate assistance to eligible mortgagors in exercising their rights under this Act;

(3) conduct outreach activities appropriate to inform eligible mortgagors of the provisions of this Act; and

(4) submit to the Congress, not less than annually, reports describing the implementation of this Act, the extent to which this Act is utilized by eligible mortgagors, and any issues regarding such implementation or utilization.

SEC. 11. Definitions.

For purposes of this Act, the following definitions apply:

(1) COVERED FORECLOSURE PROCEEDING.—The term “covered foreclosure proceeding” means a foreclosure proceeding with respect to an eligible mortgage, and includes any foreclosure proceeding authorized under the law of the applicable State, including judicial and non-judicial foreclosure proceedings.

(2) ELIGIBLE MORTGAGOR.—The term “eligible mortgagor” means a mortgagor under an eligible mortgage.

(3) ELIGIBLE MORTGAGE.—The term “eligible mortgage” means a first or subordinate mortgage—

(A) on a property that—

(i) is a single family property;

(ii) has been used as the principal residence of the eligible mortgagor for a period of not less than 2 years immediately preceding the initiation of the covered foreclosure proceeding involved; and

(iii) had a purchase price, at the time purchased by the eligible mortgagor, that is less than the median purchase price for residences that are located in—

(I) the same metropolitan statistical area; or

(II) if the property is not located in a metropolitan statistical area or information for the area is not available, the same State; and

(B) that was originated on or before December 31, 2008.

For purposes of subparagraph (A)(iii), the median purchase price of residences located within a metropolitan area or State shall be determined according to information collected and made available by the National Association of Realtors for such area or State for the most recently completed month for which such information is available.

(4) FORECLOSED PROPERTY.—The term “foreclosed property” means, with respect to a covered foreclosure proceeding, the single family property that is subject to the eligible mortgage being foreclosed under the proceeding.

(5) FORECLOSING CREDITOR.—The term “foreclosing creditor” means, with respect to a covered foreclosure proceeding, the creditor that is foreclosing the eligible mortgage through such proceeding.

(6) OWNER.—The term “owner” means, with respect to a foreclosed property, the person who has title to the property pursuant to the foreclosure proceeding for the property, and any successor or assign of such person.

(7) SINGLE FAMILY PROPERTY.—The term “single family property” means—

(A) a structure consisting of 1 to 4 dwelling units;

(B) a dwelling unit in a multi-unit condominium property together with an undivided interest in the common areas and facilities serving the property; or

(C) a dwelling unit in a multi-unit project for which purchase of stock or a membership interest entitles the purchaser to permanent occupancy of that unit.

SEC. 12. Applicability and sunset.

(a) Applicability.—Subject to subsection (b), this Act shall apply to any covered foreclosure proceeding that has not been finally adjudicated as of the date of the enactment of this Act.

(b) Sunset.—This Act shall not apply to any foreclosure proceeding commenced after the expiration of the 5-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.