Summary: H.R.2 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

Bill summaries are authored by CRS.

Shown Here:
Reported to House with amendment(s) (05/03/2018)

Agriculture and Nutrition Act of 2018

This bill (commonly known as the farm bill) reauthorizes through FY2023 and modifies Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs that address:

  • commodity support,
  • conservation,
  • trade and international food aid,
  • nutrition assistance,
  • farm credit,
  • rural development,
  • research and extension activities,
  • forestry,
  • horticulture, and
  • crop insurance.

The bill modifies agriculture and nutrition policies to:

  • expand the work requirements and modify the eligibility rules for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as the food stamp program),
  • repeal the Conservation Stewardship Program and incorporate parts of the program into the Environmental Quality Incentives Program,
  • revise the requirements and process for the Environmental Protection Agency pesticide registration program,
  • require farmers to make a one-time election to obtain either price loss coverage or agricultural risk coverage for the 2019-2023 crop years,
  • allow payment yields used for price loss coverage payments to be updated once in counties affected by drought,
  • rename the Margin Protection Program for dairy producers as the Dairy Risk Management Program and modify coverage levels and premiums,
  • combine several trade programs into a single International Market Development Program,
  • increase the loan limits for guaranteed farm ownership and operating loans,
  • establish new broadband standards for projects financed through USDA, and
  • expand the categorical exclusions that exempt certain forest management activities from requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) to prepare an environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement.