Text: H.R.2 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
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[H.R. 2 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.2

                     One Hundred Fifteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE SECOND SESSION

         Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday,
           the third day of January, two thousand and eighteen


                                 An Act


 
  To provide for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other 
programs of the Department of Agriculture through fiscal year 2023, and 
                           for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Agriculture 
Improvement Act of 2018''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES

                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

Sec. 1101. Definition of effective reference price.
Sec. 1102. Base acres.
Sec. 1103. Payment yields.
Sec. 1104. Payment acres.
Sec. 1105. Producer election.
Sec. 1106. Price loss coverage.
Sec. 1107. Agriculture risk coverage.
Sec. 1108. Repeal of transition assistance for producers of upland 
          cotton.

                       Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

Sec. 1201. Extensions.
Sec. 1202. Loan rates for nonrecourse marketing assistance loans.
Sec. 1203. Economic adjustment assistance for textile mills.
Sec. 1204. Special competitive provisions for extra long staple cotton.
Sec. 1205. Availability of recourse loans.

                            Subtitle C--Sugar

Sec. 1301. Sugar policy.

  Subtitle D--Dairy Margin Coverage and Other Dairy Related Provisions

Sec. 1401. Dairy margin coverage.
Sec. 1402. Reauthorizations.
Sec. 1403. Class I skim milk price.
Sec. 1404. Dairy product donation.

        Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Sec. 1501. Supplemental agricultural disaster assistance.

                 Subtitle F--Noninsured Crop Assistance

Sec. 1601. Noninsured crop assistance program.

                       Subtitle G--Administration

Sec. 1701. Regulations.
Sec. 1702. Suspension of permanent price support authority.
Sec. 1703. Payment limitations.
Sec. 1704. Adjusted gross income limitations.
Sec. 1705. Farm Service Agency accountability.
Sec. 1706. Implementation.
Sec. 1707. Exemption from certain reporting requirements for certain 
          producers.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION

                    Subtitle A--Wetland Conservation

Sec. 2101. Wetland conversion.
Sec. 2102. Wetland conservation.
Sec. 2103. Mitigation banking.

                Subtitle B--Conservation Reserve Program

Sec. 2201. Conservation reserve.
Sec. 2202. Conservation reserve enhancement program.
Sec. 2203. Farmable wetland program.
Sec. 2204. Pilot programs.
Sec. 2205. Duties of owners and operators.
Sec. 2206. Duties of the Secretary.
Sec. 2207. Payments.
Sec. 2208. Contracts.
Sec. 2209. Eligible land; State law requirements.

 Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program and Conservation 
                           Stewardship Program

Sec. 2301. Repeal of conservation programs.
Sec. 2302. Purposes of environmental quality incentives program.
Sec. 2303. Definitions under environmental quality incentives program.
Sec. 2304. Establishment and administration of environmental quality 
          incentives program.
Sec. 2305. Environmental quality incentives program plan.
Sec. 2306. Limitation on payments under environmental quality incentives 
          program.
Sec. 2307. Conservation innovation grants and payments.
Sec. 2308. Conservation stewardship program.
Sec. 2309. Grassland conservation initiative.

                 Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

Sec. 2401. Watershed protection and flood prevention.
Sec. 2402. Soil and water resources conservation.
Sec. 2403. Emergency conservation program.
Sec. 2404. Conservation of private grazing land.
Sec. 2405. Grassroots source water protection program.
Sec. 2406. Voluntary public access and habitat incentive program.
Sec. 2407. Wildlife management.
Sec. 2408. Feral swine eradication and control pilot program.
Sec. 2409. Report on small wetlands.
Sec. 2410. Sense of Congress relating to increased watershed-based 
          collaboration.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

Sec. 2501. Commodity Credit Corporation.
Sec. 2502. Delivery of technical assistance.
Sec. 2503. Administrative requirements for conservation programs.
Sec. 2504. Temporary administration of conservation programs.

         Subtitle F--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

Sec. 2601. Establishment and purposes.
Sec. 2602. Definitions.
Sec. 2603. Agricultural land easements.
Sec. 2604. Wetland reserve easements.
Sec. 2605. Administration.

          Subtitle G--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

Sec. 2701. Establishment and purposes.
Sec. 2702. Definitions.
Sec. 2703. Regional conservation partnerships.
Sec. 2704. Assistance to producers.
Sec. 2705. Funding.
Sec. 2706. Administration.
Sec. 2707. Critical conservation areas.

              Subtitle H--Repeals and Technical Amendments

                             PART I--Repeals

Sec. 2811. Repeal of Conservation Corridor Demonstration Program.
Sec. 2812. Repeal of cranberry acreage reserve program.
Sec. 2813. Repeal of National Natural Resources Foundation.
Sec. 2814. Repeal of flood risk reduction.
Sec. 2815. Repeal of study of land use for expiring contracts and 
          extension of authority.
Sec. 2816. Repeal of Integrated Farm Management Program Option.
Sec. 2817. Repeal of clarification of definition of agricultural lands.

                      PART II--Technical Amendments

Sec. 2821. Technical amendments.
Sec. 2822. State technical committees.

                            TITLE III--TRADE

                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

Sec. 3101. Labeling requirements.
Sec. 3102. Food aid quality assurance.
Sec. 3103. Local sale and barter of commodities.
Sec. 3104. Minimum levels of assistance.
Sec. 3105. Food aid consultative group.
Sec. 3106. Issuance of regulations.
Sec. 3107. Oversight, monitoring, and evaluation.
Sec. 3108. Assistance for stockpiling and rapid transportation, 
          delivery, and distribution of shelf-stable prepackaged foods.
Sec. 3109. Consideration of impact of provision of agricultural 
          commodities and other assistance on local farmers and economy.
Sec. 3110. Allowance for distribution costs.
Sec. 3111. Prepositioning of agricultural commodities.
Sec. 3112. Annual report regarding food aid programs and activities.
Sec. 3113. Deadline for agreements to finance sales or to provide other 
          assistance.
Sec. 3114. Minimum level of nonemergency food assistance.
Sec. 3115. Termination date for micronutrient fortification programs.
Sec. 3116. John Ogonowski and Doug Bereuter Farmer-to-Farmer program.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Sec. 3201. Agricultural trade promotion and facilitation.

                Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

Sec. 3301. Growing American Food Exports.
Sec. 3302. Food for Progress Act of 1985.
Sec. 3303. Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act.
Sec. 3304. Promotion of agricultural exports to emerging markets.
Sec. 3305. Cochran fellowship program.
Sec. 3306. Borlaug International Agricultural Science and Technology 
          Fellowship program.
Sec. 3307. International Agricultural Education Fellowship program.
Sec. 3308. International food security technical assistance.
Sec. 3309. McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child 
          Nutrition program.
Sec. 3310. Global Crop Diversity Trust.
Sec. 3311. Local and regional food aid procurement projects.
Sec. 3312. Foreign trade missions.

                           TITLE IV--NUTRITION

          Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Sec. 4001. Requirements for online acceptance of benefits.
Sec. 4002. Re-evaluation of thrifty food plan.
Sec. 4003. Food distribution program on Indian reservations.
Sec. 4004. Simplified homeless housing costs.
Sec. 4005. Employment and training for supplemental nutrition assistance 
          program.
Sec. 4006. Improvements to electronic benefit transfer system.
Sec. 4007. Review of supplemental nutrition assistance program 
          operations.
Sec. 4008. Retail incentives.
Sec. 4009. Required action on data match information.
Sec. 4010. Incentivizing technology modernization.
Sec. 4011. Interstate data matching to prevent multiple issuances.
Sec. 4012. Requirement of live-production environments for certain pilot 
          projects relating to cost sharing for computerization.
Sec. 4013. Quality control improvements.
Sec. 4014. Evaluation of child support enforcement cooperation 
          requirements.
Sec. 4015. Longitudinal data for research.
Sec. 4016. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 4017. Assistance for community food projects.
Sec. 4018. Emergency food assistance program.
Sec. 4019. Nutrition education.
Sec. 4020. Retail food store and recipient trafficking.
Sec. 4021. Public-private partnerships.
Sec. 4022. Technical corrections.

               Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

Sec. 4101. Commodity distribution program.
Sec. 4102. Commodity supplemental food program.
Sec. 4103. Distribution of surplus commodities to special nutrition 
          projects.
Sec. 4104. Food donation standards.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 4201. Seniors farmers' market nutrition program.
Sec. 4202. Purchase of fresh fruits and vegetables for distribution to 
          schools and service institutions.
Sec. 4203. Service of traditional foods in public facilities.
Sec. 4204. Healthy food financing initiative.
Sec. 4205. The Gus Schumacher nutrition incentive program.
Sec. 4206. Micro-grants for food security.
Sec. 4207. Buy American requirements.
Sec. 4208. Healthy fluid milk incentives projects.

                             TITLE V--CREDIT

                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

Sec. 5101. Modification of the 3-year experience eligibility requirement 
          for farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5102. Conservation loan and loan guarantee program.
Sec. 5103. Limitations on amount of farm ownership loans.
Sec. 5104. Relending program to resolve ownership and succession on 
          farmland.

                       Subtitle B--Operating Loans

Sec. 5201. Limitations on amount of operating loans.
Sec. 5202. Microloans.
Sec. 5203. Cooperative lending pilot projects.

                  Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 5301. Beginning farmer and rancher individual development accounts 
          pilot program.
Sec. 5302. Loan authorization levels.
Sec. 5303. Loan fund set-asides.
Sec. 5304. Use of additional funds for direct operating microloans under 
          certain conditions.
Sec. 5305. Equitable relief.
Sec. 5306. Socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers; qualified 
          beginning farmers and ranchers.
Sec. 5307. Emergency loan eligibility.

                        Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5401. Technical corrections to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
          Development Act.
Sec. 5402. State agricultural mediation programs.
Sec. 5403. Compensation of bank directors.
Sec. 5404. Sharing of privileged and confidential information.
Sec. 5405. Facility headquarters.
Sec. 5406. Removal and prohibition authority; industry-wide prohibition.
Sec. 5407. Jurisdiction over institution-affiliated parties.
Sec. 5408. Definition of institution-affiliated party.
Sec. 5409. Prohibition on use of funds.
Sec. 5410. Expansion of acreage exception to loan amount limitation.
Sec. 5411. Repeal of obsolete provisions; technical corrections.
Sec. 5412. Corporation as conservator or receiver; certain other powers.
Sec. 5413. Reporting.
Sec. 5414. Study on loan risk.
Sec. 5415. GAO report on ability of the Farm Credit System to meet the 
          agricultural credit needs of Indian tribes and their members.
Sec. 5416. GAO report on credit service to socially disadvantaged 
          farmers and ranchers.

                       TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT

         Subtitle A--Improving Health Outcomes in Rural America

Sec. 6101. Combating substance use disorder in rural America; 
          prioritizations.
Sec. 6102. Distance learning and telemedicine.
Sec. 6103. Refinancing of certain rural hospital debt.

     Subtitle B--Connecting Rural Americans to High Speed Broadband

Sec. 6201. Access to broadband telecommunications services in rural 
          areas.
Sec. 6202. Expansion of middle mile infrastructure into rural areas.
Sec. 6203. Modifications to the Rural Gigabit Program.
Sec. 6204. Community Connect Grant Program.
Sec. 6205. Outdated broadband systems.
Sec. 6206. Default and deobligation; deferral.
Sec. 6207. Public notice, assessments, and reporting requirements.
Sec. 6208. Environmental reviews.
Sec. 6209. Use of loan proceeds to refinance loans for deployment of 
          broadband service.
Sec. 6210. Smart utility authority for broadband.
Sec. 6211. Refinancing of telephone loans.
Sec. 6212. Federal broadband program coordination.
Sec. 6213. Transition rule.
Sec. 6214. Rural broadband integration working group.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 6301. Exclusion of certain populations from definition of rural 
          area.
Sec. 6302. Establishment of technical assistance program.
Sec. 6303. Rural energy savings program.
Sec. 6304. Northern Border Regional Commission reauthorization.
Sec. 6305. Definition of rural area for purposes of the Housing Act of 
          1949.
Sec. 6306. Council on Rural Community Innovation and Economic 
          Development.

  Subtitle D--Additional Amendments to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                             Development Act

Sec. 6401. Strategic economic and community development.
Sec. 6402. Expanding access to credit for rural communities.
Sec. 6403. Water, waste disposal, and wastewater facility grants.
Sec. 6404. Rural water and wastewater technical assistance and training 
          programs.
Sec. 6405. Rural water and wastewater circuit rider program.
Sec. 6406. Tribal college and university essential community facilities.
Sec. 6407. Emergency and imminent community water assistance grant 
          program.
Sec. 6408. Water systems for rural and native villages in Alaska.
Sec. 6409. Rural decentralized water systems.
Sec. 6410. Solid waste management grants.
Sec. 6411. Rural business development grants.
Sec. 6412. Rural cooperative development grants.
Sec. 6413. Locally or regionally produced agricultural food products.
Sec. 6414. Appropriate technology transfer for rural areas program.
Sec. 6415. Rural economic area partnership zones.
Sec. 6416. Intemediary relending program.
Sec. 6417. Access to information to verify income for participants in 
          certain rural housing programs.
Sec. 6418. Providing for additional fees for guaranteed loans under the 
          Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.
Sec. 6419. Rural Business-Cooperative Service programs technical 
          assistance and training.
Sec. 6420. National Rural Development Partnership.
Sec. 6421. Grants for NOAA weather radio transmitters.
Sec. 6422. Rural microentrepreneur assistance program.
Sec. 6423. Health care services.
Sec. 6424. Rural innovation stronger economy grant program.
Sec. 6425. Delta Regional Authority.
Sec. 6426. Rural business investment program.
Sec. 6427. Rural business investment program.

 Subtitle E--Additional Amendments to the Rural Electrification Act of 
                                  1936

Sec. 6501. Amendments to section 2 of the Rural Electrification Act of 
          1936.
Sec. 6502. Loans for telephone service.
Sec. 6503. Cushion of credit payments program.
Sec. 6504. Extension of the rural economic development loan and grant 
          program.
Sec. 6505. Guarantees for bonds and notes issued for electrification or 
          telephone purposes.
Sec. 6506. Expansion of 911 access.
Sec. 6507. Cybersecurity and grid security improvements.

                       Subtitle F--Program Repeals

Sec. 6601. Elimination of unfunded programs.
Sec. 6602. Repeal of Rural Telephone Bank.
Sec. 6603. Amendments to LOCAL TV Act.

                    Subtitle G--Technical Corrections

Sec. 6701. Corrections relating to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
          Development Act.
Sec. 6702. Corrections relating to the Rural Electrification Act of 
          1936.

           TITLE VII--RESEARCH, EXTENSION, AND RELATED MATTERS

  Subtitle A--National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching 
                           Policy Act of 1977

Sec. 7101. Purposes of agricultural research, extension, and education.
Sec. 7102. Matters related to certain school designations and 
          declarations.
Sec. 7103. National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and 
          Economics Advisory Board.
Sec. 7104. Specialty crop committee.
Sec. 7105. Renewable energy committee discontinued.
Sec. 7106. Veterinary services grant program.
Sec. 7107. Grants and fellowships for food and agriculture sciences 
          education.
Sec. 7108. Agricultural and food policy research centers.
Sec. 7109. Education grants to Alaska Native serving institutions and 
          Native Hawaiian serving institutions.
Sec. 7110. Next generation agriculture technology challenge.
Sec. 7111. Land-grant designation.
Sec. 7112. Nutrition education program.
Sec. 7113. Continuing animal health and disease research programs.
Sec. 7114. Carryover of funds for extension at 1890 land-grant colleges, 
          including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7115. Extension and agricultural research at 1890 land-grant 
          colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7116. Reports on disbursement of funds for agricultural research 
          and extension at 1862 and 1890 land-grant colleges, including 
          Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7117. Scholarships for students at 1890 institutions.
Sec. 7118. Grants to upgrade agricultural and food sciences facilities 
          at 1890 land-grant colleges, including Tuskegee University.
Sec. 7119. Grants to upgrade agriculture and food sciences facilities 
          and equipment at insular area land-grant institutions.
Sec. 7120. New Beginning for Tribal Students.
Sec. 7121. Hispanic-serving institutions.
Sec. 7122. Binational agricultural research and development.
Sec. 7123. Partnerships to build capacity in international agricultural 
          research, extension, and teaching.
Sec. 7124. Competitive grants for international agricultural science and 
          education programs.
Sec. 7125. Limitation on indirect costs for agricultural research, 
          education, and extension programs.
Sec. 7126. Research equipment grants.
Sec. 7127. University research.
Sec. 7128. Extension service.
Sec. 7129. Supplemental and alternative crops; hemp.
Sec. 7130. New Era Rural Technology program.
Sec. 7131. Capacity building grants for NLGCA Institutions.
Sec. 7132. Agriculture advanced research and development authority 
          pilot.
Sec. 7133. Aquaculture assistance programs.
Sec. 7134. Rangeland research programs.
Sec. 7135. Special authorization for biosecurity planning and response.
Sec. 7136. Distance education and resident instruction grants program 
          for insular area institutions of higher education.

   Subtitle B--Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Sec. 7201. Best utilization of biological applications.
Sec. 7202. Integrated management systems.
Sec. 7203. Sustainable agriculture technology development and transfer 
          program.
Sec. 7204. National training program.
Sec. 7205. National strategic germplasm and cultivar collection 
          assessment and utilization plan.
Sec. 7206. National Genetics Resources Program.
Sec. 7207. National Agricultural Weather Information System.
Sec. 7208. Agricultural genome to phenome initiative.
Sec. 7209. High-priority research and extension initiatives.
Sec. 7210. Organic agriculture research and extension initiative.
Sec. 7211. Farm business management.
Sec. 7212. Urban, indoor, and other emerging agricultural production 
          research, education, and extension initiative.
Sec. 7213. Centers of excellence at 1890 Institutions.
Sec. 7214. Clarification of veteran eligibility for assistive technology 
          program for farmers with disabilities.
Sec. 7215. National Rural Information Center Clearinghouse.

 Subtitle C--Agricultural Research, Extension, and Education Reform Act 
                                 of 1998

Sec. 7301. National food safety training, education, extension, 
          outreach, and technical assistance program.
Sec. 7302. Integrated research, education, and extension competitive 
          grants program.
Sec. 7303. Support for research regarding diseases of wheat, triticale, 
          and barley caused by Fusarium graminearum or by Tilletia 
          indica.
Sec. 7304. Grants for youth organizations.
Sec. 7305. Specialty crop research initiative.
Sec. 7306. Food Animal Residue Avoidance Database program.
Sec. 7307. Office of Pest Management Policy.
Sec. 7308. Forestry products advanced utilization research.

         Subtitle D--Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008

                      PART I--Agricultural Security

Sec. 7401. Agricultural biosecurity communication center.
Sec. 7402. Assistance to build local capacity in agricultural 
          biosecurity planning, preparation, and response.
Sec. 7403. Research and development of agricultural countermeasures.
Sec. 7404. Agricultural biosecurity grant program.

                         PART II--Miscellaneous

Sec. 7411. Grazinglands research laboratory.
Sec. 7412. Farm and Ranch Stress Assistance Network.
Sec. 7413. Natural products research program.
Sec. 7414. Sun grant program.

                  Subtitle E--Amendments to Other Laws

Sec. 7501. Critical Agricultural Materials Act.
Sec. 7502. Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994.
Sec. 7503. Research Facilities Act.
Sec. 7504. Agriculture and Food Research Initiative.
Sec. 7505. Extension design and demonstration initiative.
Sec. 7506. Repeal of review of agricultural research service.
Sec. 7507. Biomass research and development.
Sec. 7508. Reinstatement of matching requirement for Federal funds used 
          in extension work at the University of the District of 
          Columbia.
Sec. 7509. Renewable Resources Extension Act of 1978.
Sec. 7510. National Aquaculture Act of 1980.
Sec. 7511. Federal agriculture research facilities.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 7601. Enhanced use lease authority program.
Sec. 7602. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over portion of Henry 
          A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, 
          Beltsville, Maryland.
Sec. 7603. Foundation for food and agriculture research.
Sec. 7604. Assistance for forestry research under the McIntire-Stennis 
          Cooperative Forestry Act.
Sec. 7605. Legitimacy of industrial hemp research.
Sec. 7606. Collection of data relating to barley area planted and 
          harvested.
Sec. 7607. Collection of data relating to the size and location of dairy 
          farms.
Sec. 7608. Agriculture innovation center demonstration program.
Sec. 7609. Smith-Lever community extension program.
Sec. 7610. Mechanization and automation for specialty crops.
Sec. 7611. Experienced services program.
Sec. 7612. Simplified plan of work.
Sec. 7613. Review of land-grant time and effort reporting requirements.
Sec. 7614. Matching funds requirement.

                          TITLE VIII--FORESTRY

         Subtitle A--Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978

Sec. 8101. Support for State assessments and strategies for forest 
          resources.
Sec. 8102. State and private forest landscape-scale restoration program.

  Subtitle B--Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Research Act of 
                                  1978

Sec. 8201. Repeal of recycling research.
Sec. 8202. Repeal of forestry student grant program.

        Subtitle C--Global Climate Change Prevention Act of 1990

Sec. 8301. Repeals relating to biomass.

           Subtitle D--Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003

Sec. 8401. Promoting cross-boundary wildfire mitigation.
Sec. 8402. Authorization of appropriations for hazardous fuel reduction 
          on Federal land.
Sec. 8403. Repeal of biomass commercial utilization grant program.
Sec. 8404. Water Source Protection Program.
Sec. 8405. Watershed Condition Framework.
Sec. 8406. Authorization of appropriations to combat insect infestations 
          and related diseases.
Sec. 8407. Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 amendments.
Sec. 8408. Authorization of appropriations for designation of treatment 
          areas.

Subtitle E--Repeal or Reauthorization of Miscellaneous Forestry Programs

Sec. 8501. Repeal of revision of strategic plan for forest inventory and 
          analysis.
Sec. 8502. Semiarid agroforestry research center.
Sec. 8503. National Forest Foundation Act.
Sec. 8504. Conveyance of Forest Service administrative sites.

                      Subtitle F--Forest Management

Sec. 8601. Definition of National Forest System.

PART I--Expedited Environmental Analysis and Availability of Categorical 
           Exclusions to Expedite Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8611. Categorical exclusion for greater sage-grouse and mule deer 
          habitat.

           PART II--Miscellaneous Forest Management Activities

Sec. 8621. Additional authority for sale or exchange of small parcels of 
          National Forest System land.
Sec. 8622. Forest Service participation in ACES program.
Sec. 8623. Authorization for lease of Forest Service sites.
Sec. 8624. Good neighbor authority.
Sec. 8625. Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forest land adjustment.
Sec. 8626. Tennessee wilderness.
Sec. 8627. Kisatchie National Forest land conveyance.
Sec. 8628. Purchase of Natural Resources Conservation Service property, 
          Riverside County, California.
Sec. 8629. Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program.
Sec. 8630. Utility infrastructure rights-of-way vegetation management 
          pilot program.
Sec. 8631. Okhissa Lake rural economic development land conveyance.
Sec. 8632. Remote sensing technologies.

                       PART III--Timber Innovation

Sec. 8641. Definitions.
Sec. 8642. Clarification of research and development program for wood 
          building construction.
Sec. 8643. Wood innovation grant program.
Sec. 8644. Community wood energy and wood innovation program.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 8701. Rural revitalization technologies.
Sec. 8702. Resource Advisory Committees.
Sec. 8703. Tribal forest management demonstration project.
Sec. 8704. Technical corrections.
Sec. 8705. Streamlining the Forest Service process for consideration of 
          communications facility location applications.
Sec. 8706. Report on wildfire, insect infestation, and disease 
          prevention on Federal land.
Sec. 8707. West Fork Fire Station.
Sec. 8708. Competitive forestry, natural resources, and environmental 
          grants program.

                            TITLE IX--ENERGY

Sec. 9001. Definitions.
Sec. 9002. Biobased markets program.
Sec. 9003. Biorefinery assistance.
Sec. 9004. Repowering assistance program.
Sec. 9005. Bioenergy program for advanced biofuels.
Sec. 9006. Biodiesel fuel education program.
Sec. 9007. Rural Energy for America Program.
Sec. 9008. Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative.
Sec. 9009. Feedstock flexibility.
Sec. 9010. Biomass Crop Assistance Program.
Sec. 9011. Carbon utilization and biogas education program.

                          TITLE X--HORTICULTURE

Sec. 10101. Specialty crops market news allocation.
Sec. 10102. Local agriculture market program.
Sec. 10103. Organic production and market data initiatives.
Sec. 10104. Organic certification.
Sec. 10105. National organic certification cost-share program.
Sec. 10106. Food safety education initiatives.
Sec. 10107. Specialty crop block grants.
Sec. 10108. Amendments to the Plant Variety Protection Act.
Sec. 10109. Multiple crop and pesticide use survey.
Sec. 10110. Report on the arrival in the United States of forest pests 
          through restrictions on the importation of certain plants for 
          planting.
Sec. 10111. Report on plant biostimulants.
Sec. 10112. Clarification of use of funds for technical assistance.
Sec. 10113. Hemp production.
Sec. 10114. Interstate commerce.
Sec. 10115. FIFRA interagency working group.
Sec. 10116. Study on methyl bromide use in response to an emergency 
          event.

                        TITLE XI--CROP INSURANCE

Sec. 11101. Definitions.
Sec. 11102. Data collection.
Sec. 11103. Sharing of records.
Sec. 11104. Use of resources.
Sec. 11105. Specialty crops.
Sec. 11106. Insurance period.
Sec. 11107. Cover crops.
Sec. 11108. Underserved producers.
Sec. 11109. Treatment of forage and grazing.
Sec. 11110. Administrative basic fee.
Sec. 11111. Enterprise units.
Sec. 11112. Continued authority.
Sec. 11113. Submission of policies and materials to board.
Sec. 11114. Crop production on native sod.
Sec. 11115. Use of national agricultural statistics service data to 
          combat waste, fraud, and abuse.
Sec. 11116. Submission of information to corporation.
Sec. 11117. Continuing education for loss adjusters and agents.
Sec. 11118. Program administration.
Sec. 11119. Agricultural commodity.
Sec. 11120. Maintenance of policies.
Sec. 11121. Reimbursement of research, development, and maintenance 
          costs.
Sec. 11122. Research and development authority.
Sec. 11123. Funding for research and development.
Sec. 11124. Technical amendment to pilot programs.
Sec. 11125. Education and risk management assistance.
Sec. 11126. Repeal of cropland report annual updates.

                        TITLE XII--MISCELLANEOUS

                          Subtitle A--Livestock

Sec. 12101. Animal disease prevention and management.
Sec. 12102. Sheep production and marketing grant program.
Sec. 12103. Feasibility study on livestock dealer statutory trust.
Sec. 12104. Definition of livestock.
Sec. 12105. National Aquatic Animal Health Plan.
Sec. 12106. Veterinary training.
Sec. 12107. Report on FSIS guidance and outreach to small meat 
          processors.
Sec. 12108. Regional Cattle and Carcass Grading Correlation and Training 
          Centers.

                Subtitle B--Agriculture and Food Defense

Sec. 12201. Repeal of Office of Homeland Security.
Sec. 12202. Office of Homeland Security.
Sec. 12203. Agriculture and food defense.
Sec. 12204. Biological agents and toxins list.
Sec. 12205. Authorization of appropriations.

             Subtitle C--Historically Underserved Producers

Sec. 12301. Farming opportunities training and outreach.
Sec. 12302. Urban agriculture.
Sec. 12303. Tribal Advisory Committee.
Sec. 12304. Beginning farmer and rancher coordination.
Sec. 12305. Agricultural youth organization coordinator.
Sec. 12306. Availability of Department of Agriculture programs for 
          veteran farmers and ranchers.

    Subtitle D--Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 
                               Amendments

Sec. 12401. Office of Congressional Relations and Intergovernmental 
          Affairs.
Sec. 12402. Military Veterans Agricultural Liaison.
Sec. 12403. Civil rights analyses.
Sec. 12404. Farm Service Agency.
Sec. 12405. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm Production and 
          Conservation.
Sec. 12406. Office of Partnerships and Public Engagement.
Sec. 12407. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development.
Sec. 12408. Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service.
Sec. 12409. Rural Health Liaison.
Sec. 12410. Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Sec. 12411. Office of the Chief Scientist.
Sec. 12412. Appointment of national appeals division hearing officers.
Sec. 12413. Trade and foreign agricultural affairs.
Sec. 12414. Repeals.
Sec. 12415. Technical corrections.
Sec. 12416. Termination of authority.

               Subtitle E--Other Miscellaneous Provisions

              PART I--Miscellaneous Agriculture Provisions

Sec. 12501. Acer access and development program.
Sec. 12502. Protecting animals with shelter.
Sec. 12503. Marketing orders.
Sec. 12504. Establishment of food loss and waste reduction liaison.
Sec. 12505. Report on business centers.
Sec. 12506. Report on personnel.
Sec. 12507. Report on absent landlords.
Sec. 12508. Century farms program.
Sec. 12509. Report on importation of live dogs.
Sec. 12510. Tribal Promise Zones.
Sec. 12511. Precision agriculture connectivity.
Sec. 12512. Improvements to United States Drought Monitor.
Sec. 12513. Dairy business innovation initiatives.
Sec. 12514. Report on funding for the National Institute of Food and 
          Agriculture and other extension programs.
Sec. 12515. Prohibition on slaughter of dogs and cats for human 
          consumption.
Sec. 12516. Labeling exemption for single ingredient foods and products.
Sec. 12517. South Carolina inclusion in Virginia/Carolina peanut 
          producing region.
Sec. 12518. Forest Service hire authority.
Sec. 12519. Conversion authority.
Sec. 12520. Authorization of protection operations for the Secretary of 
          Agriculture and others.

               PART II--National Oilheat Research Alliance

Sec. 12531. National oilheat research alliance.

                     Subtitle F--General Provisions

Sec. 12601. Baiting of migratory game birds.
Sec. 12602. Pima agriculture cotton trust fund.
Sec. 12603. Agriculture wool apparel manufacturers trust fund.
Sec. 12604. Wool research and promotion.
Sec. 12605. Emergency Citrus Disease Research and Development Trust 
          Fund.
Sec. 12606. Extension of merchandise processing fees.
Sec. 12607. Reports on land access and farmland ownership data 
          collection.
Sec. 12608. Reauthorization of rural emergency medical services training 
          and equipment assistance program.
Sec. 12609. Commission on Farm Transitions--Needs for 2050.
Sec. 12610. Exceptions under United States Grain Standards Act.
Sec. 12611. Conference report requirement threshold.
Sec. 12612. National agriculture imagery program.
Sec. 12613. Report on inclusion of natural stone products in Commodity 
          Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 1996.
Sec. 12614. Establishment of food access liaison.
Sec. 12615. Eligibility for operators on heirs property land to obtain a 
          farm number.
Sec. 12616. Extending prohibition on animal fighting to the territories.
Sec. 12617. Exemption of exportation of certain echinoderms from 
          permission and licensing requirements.
Sec. 12618. Data on conservation practices.
Sec. 12619. Conforming changes to Controlled Substances Act.
SEC. 2. DEFINITION OF SECRETARY.
    In this Act, the term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
Agriculture.

                          TITLE I--COMMODITIES
                      Subtitle A--Commodity Policy

SEC. 1101. DEFINITION OF EFFECTIVE REFERENCE PRICE.
    Section 1111 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9011) is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (8) through (25) as paragraphs 
    (9) through (26), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
        ``(8) Effective reference price.--The term `effective reference 
    price', with respect to a covered commodity for a crop year, means 
    the lesser of the following:
            ``(A) An amount equal to 115 percent of the reference price 
        for such covered commodity.
            ``(B) An amount equal to the greater of--
                ``(i) the reference price for such covered commodity; 
            or
                ``(ii) 85 percent of the average of the marketing year 
            average price of the covered commodity for the most recent 
            5 crop years, excluding each of the crop years with the 
            highest and lowest marketing year average price.''.
SEC. 1102. BASE ACRES.
    (a) Technical Corrections.--Section 1112(c)(2) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012(c)(2)) is amended by striking subparagraph 
(A) and inserting the following:
            ``(A) Any acreage on the farm enrolled in--
                ``(i) the conservation reserve program established 
            under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII 
            of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.); 
            or
                ``(ii) a wetland reserve easement under section 1265C 
            of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865c).''.
    (b) Reduction in Base Acres.--Section 1112(d) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9012(d)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
        ``(3) Treatment of base acres on farms entirely planted to 
    grass or pasture.--
            ``(A) In general.--In the case of a farm on which all of 
        the cropland was planted to grass or pasture (including 
        cropland that was idle or fallow), as determined by the 
        Secretary, during the period beginning on January 1, 2009, and 
        ending on December 31, 2017, the Secretary shall maintain all 
        base acres and payment yields for the covered commodities on 
        the farm, except that no payment shall be made with respect to 
        those base acres under section 1116 or 1117 for the 2019 
        through 2023 crop years.
            ``(B) Ineligibility.--The producers on a farm for which all 
        of the base acres are maintained under subparagraph (A) shall 
        be ineligible for the option to change the election applicable 
        to the producers on the farm under section 1115(h).
        ``(4) Prohibition on reconstitution of farm.--The Secretary 
    shall ensure that producers on a farm do not reconstitute the farm 
    to void or change the treatment of base acres under this 
    section.''.
SEC. 1103. PAYMENT YIELDS.
    (a) Treatment of Designated Oilseeds.--Section 1113(b) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9013(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``designated oilseeds'' and 
    inserting ``oilseeds designated before the date of enactment of the 
    Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018'';
        (2) in paragraphs (2) and (3), by striking ``a designated 
    oilseed'' each place it appears and inserting ``an oilseed 
    designated before the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
    Improvement Act of 2018''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Treatment of oilseeds designated after certain date.--In 
    the case of oilseeds designated on or after the date of enactment 
    of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the payment yield shall 
    be equal to 90 percent of the average of the yield per planted acre 
    for the most recent 5 crop years, as determined by the Secretary, 
    excluding any crop year in which the acreage planted to the covered 
    commodity was zero.''.
    (b) Single Opportunity to Update Yields.--Section 1113 of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9013) is amended by striking 
subsection (d) and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Single Opportunity to Update Yields.--
        ``(1) Election to update.--At the sole discretion of the owner 
    of a farm, the owner of a farm shall have a 1-time opportunity to 
    update, on a covered-commodity-by-covered-commodity basis, the 
    payment yield that would otherwise be used in calculating any price 
    loss coverage payment for each covered commodity on the farm for 
    which the election is made.
        ``(2) Method of updating yields for covered commodities.--If 
    the owner of a farm elects to update yields under paragraph (1), 
    the payment yield for a covered commodity on the farm, for the 
    purpose of calculating price loss coverage payments only, shall be 
    equal to the product obtained by multiplying--
            ``(A) 90 percent;
            ``(B) the average of the yield per planted acre for the 
        crop of covered commodities on the farm for the 2013 through 
        2017 crop years, as determined by the Secretary, excluding any 
        crop year in which the acreage planted to the covered commodity 
        was zero; and
            ``(C) subject to paragraph (3), the ratio obtained by 
        dividing--
                ``(i) the average of the 2008 through 2012 national 
            average yield per planted acre for the covered commodity, 
            as determined by the Secretary; by
                ``(ii) the average of the 2013 through 2017 national 
            average yield per planted acre for the covered commodity, 
            as determined by the Secretary.
        ``(3) Limitation.--In no case shall the ratio obtained under 
    paragraph (2)(C) be less than 90 percent or greater than 100 
    percent.
        ``(4) Use of county average yield.--For the purposes of 
    determining the average yield per planted acre under paragraph 
    (2)(B), if the yield per planted acre for a crop of a covered 
    commodity for a farm for any of the crop years described in that 
    subparagraph was less than 75 percent of the average of county 
    yields for those crop years for that commodity, the Secretary shall 
    assign a yield for that crop year equal to 75 percent of the 
    average of the 2013 through 2017 county yield for the covered 
    commodity.
        ``(5) Upland cotton conversion.--In the case of seed cotton, 
    for purposes of determining the average of the yield per planted 
    acre under this subsection, the average yield for seed cotton per 
    planted acre shall be equal to 2.4 times the average yield for 
    upland cotton per planted acre.
        ``(6) Time for election.--An election under this subsection 
    shall be made at a time and manner so as to be in effect beginning 
    with the 2020 crop year, as determined by the Secretary.''.
SEC. 1104. PAYMENT ACRES.
    Section 1114 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9014) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, unless the sum of 
        the base acres on the farm, when combined with the base acres 
        of other farms in which the producer has an interest, is more 
        than 10 acres'' before the period at the end; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting a semicolon; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) a beginning farmer or rancher (as defined in 
        subsection (a) of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)); or
            ``(D) a veteran farmer or rancher (as defined in subsection 
        (a) of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and 
        Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)).''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Effect of reduction.--For each crop year for which 
    fruits, vegetables (other than mung beans and pulse crops), or wild 
    rice are planted to base acres on a farm for which a reduction in 
    payment acres is made under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
    consider such base acres to be planted, or prevented from being 
    planted, to a covered commodity for purposes of any adjustment or 
    reduction of base acres for the farm under section 1112.''.
SEC. 1105. PRODUCER ELECTION.
    Section 1115 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9015) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by striking ``Except as provided in subsection (g), for the 2014 
    through 2018 crop years'' and inserting ``For the 2014 through 2018 
    crop years (except as provided in subsection (g)) and for the 2019 
    through 2023 crop years (subject to subsection (h))'';
        (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by striking ``subsection (a), the producers on a farm that elect 
    under paragraph (2) of such subsection to obtain agriculture risk 
    coverage under section 1117'' and inserting ``subsection (a) or 
    (h), as applicable, the producers on a farm that elect to obtain 
    agriculture risk coverage'';
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``or the 2019 crop year, as applicable'' after ``2014 crop 
        year'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or the 2019 crop year, 
        as applicable,'' after ``2014 crop year''; and
            (C) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) subject to subsection (h), the producers on the farm 
    shall be deemed to have elected, as applicable--
            ``(A) price loss coverage for all covered commodities on 
        the farm for the 2015 through 2018 crop years; and
            ``(B) the same coverage for each covered commodity on the 
        farm for the 2020 through 2023 crop years as was applicable for 
        the 2015 through 2018 crop years.'';
        (4) in subsection (g)(1), by inserting ``for the 2018 crop 
    year,'' before ``all of the producers''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Option to Change Election.--
        ``(1) In general.--For the 2021 crop year and each crop year 
    thereafter, all of the producers on a farm may change the election 
    under subsection (a), subsection (c), or this subsection, as 
    applicable, to price loss coverage or agriculture risk coverage, as 
    applicable.
        ``(2) Applicability.--An election change under paragraph (1) 
    shall apply to--
            ``(A) the crop year for which the election change is made; 
        and
            ``(B) each crop year thereafter until another election 
        change is made under that paragraph.''.
SEC. 1106. PRICE LOSS COVERAGE.
    Section 1116 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9016) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
        redesignated)--
                (i) by inserting ``or (h)'' after ``subsection (a)''; 
            and
                (ii) by striking ``determines that, for any of the 2014 
            through 2018 crop years--'' and inserting ``determines 
            that--
        ``(1) for any of the 2014 through 2018 crop years--'';
            (C) in paragraph (1)(B) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        the period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) for any of the 2019 through 2023 crop years--
            ``(A) the effective price for the covered commodity for the 
        crop year; is less than
            ``(B) the effective reference price for the covered 
        commodity for the crop year.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as clauses (i) 
        and (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
            (B) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``The payment rate'' and inserting 
        the following:
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) 2014 through 2018 crop years.--For the 2014 through 
        2018 crop years, the payment rate'';
            (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by adding at the 
        end the following:
            ``(B) 2019 through 2023 crop years.--For the 2019 through 
        2023 crop years, the payment rate shall be equal to the 
        difference between--
                ``(i) the effective reference price for the covered 
            commodity; and
                ``(ii) the effective price determined under subsection 
            (b) for the covered commodity.''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Announcement.--Not later than 30 days after the end of 
    each applicable 12-month marketing year for each covered commodity, 
    the Secretary shall publish the payment rate determined under 
    paragraph (1).
        ``(3) Insufficient data.--In the case of a covered commodity, 
    such as temperate japonica rice, for which the Secretary cannot 
    determine the payment rate for the most recent 12-month marketing 
    year by the date described in paragraph (2) due to insufficient 
    reporting of timely pricing data by 1 or more nongovernmental 
    entities, including a marketing cooperative for the covered 
    commodity, the Secretary shall publish the payment rate as soon as 
    practicable after the marketing year data are made available.''; 
    and
        (3) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
    ``(g) Reference Price for Temperate Japonica Rice.--In order to 
reflect price premiums, the Secretary shall provide a reference price 
with respect to temperate japonica rice in an amount equal to the 
amount established under subparagraph (F) of section 1111(19), as 
adjusted by paragraph (8) of such section, multiplied by the ratio 
obtained by dividing--
        ``(1) the simple average of the marketing year average price of 
    medium grain rice from the 2012 through 2016 crop years; by
        ``(2) the simple average of the marketing year average price of 
    all rice from the 2012 through 2016 crop years.''.
SEC. 1107. AGRICULTURE RISK COVERAGE.
    Section 1117 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9017) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (A) by inserting ``(beginning with the 2019 crop year, 
        based on the physical location of the farm)'' after 
        ``payments''; and
            (B) by inserting ``or the 2019 through 2023 crop years, as 
        applicable'' after ``2014 through 2018 crop years'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' 
            and inserting ``paragraphs (4) and (5)''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(5)'' and 
            inserting ``(6)'';
            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``(5)'' and 
            inserting ``(6)''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``2018'' and 
            inserting ``2023'';
            (C) in paragraph (4)--
                (i) by striking ``If'' and inserting the following:
            ``(A) 2014 through 2018 crop years.--Effective for the 2014 
        through 2018 crop years, if''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) 2019 through 2023 crop years.--Effective for the 2019 
        through 2023 crop years, if the yield per planted acre for the 
        covered commodity or historical county yield per planted acre 
        for the covered commodity for any of the 5 most recent crop 
        years, as determined by the Secretary, is less than 80 percent 
        of the transitional yield, as determined by the Secretary, the 
        amounts used for any of those years in paragraph (2)(A) or 
        (3)(A)(i) shall be 80 percent of the transitional yield.'';
            (D) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
            (E) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following:
        ``(5) Trend-adjusted yield.--The Secretary shall calculate and 
    use a trend-adjusted yield factor to adjust the yield determined 
    under paragraph (2)(A) and subsection (b)(1)(A), taking into 
    consideration, but not exceeding, the trend-adjusted yield factor 
    that is used to increase yield history under the endorsement under 
    the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) for that 
    crop and county.''; and
            (F) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated)--
                (i) by striking ``Reference price.--If the national 
            average market price'' and inserting the following: ``Low 
            national average market price.--
            ``(A) Reference price.--For the 2014 through 2018 crop 
        years, if the national average market price''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Effective reference price.--For the 2019 through 2023 
        crop years, if the national average market price received by 
        producers during the 12-month marketing year for any of the 5 
        most recent crop years is lower than the effective reference 
        price for the covered commodity, the Secretary shall use the 
        effective reference price for any of those years for the 
        amounts in paragraph (2)(B) or (3)(A)(ii).'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
        and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
        subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately;
            (C) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``The payment'' and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(1) In general.--The payment''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Announcement.--Not later than 30 days after the end of 
    each applicable 12-month marketing year for each covered commodity, 
    the Secretary shall publish the payment rate determined under 
    paragraph (1) for each county.'';
        (4) in subsection (e), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
        (5) in subsection (g)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to the maximum extent 
        practicable,'';
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon at the end;
            (C) in paragraph (4)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
            inserting ``effective for the 2014 through 2018 crop 
            years,'' before ``in the case of''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) effective for the 2019 through 2023 crop years, in the 
    case of county coverage, assign an actual or benchmark county yield 
    for each planted acre for the crop year for the covered commodity--
            ``(A) for a county for which county data collected by the 
        Risk Management Agency are sufficient for the Secretary to 
        offer a county-wide insurance product, using the actual average 
        county yield determined by the Risk Management Agency; or
            ``(B) for a county not described in subparagraph (A), 
        using--
                ``(i) other sources of yield information, as determined 
            by the Secretary; or
                ``(ii) the yield history of representative farms in the 
            State, region, or crop reporting district, as determined by 
            the Secretary.''; and
        (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Publications.--
        ``(1) County guarantee.--
            ``(A) In general.--For each crop year for a covered 
        commodity, the Secretary shall publish information describing, 
        for that crop year for the covered commodity in each county--
                ``(i) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee for 
            county coverage determined under subsection (c)(1);
                ``(ii) the average historical county yield determined 
            under subsection (c)(2)(A); and
                ``(iii) the national average market price determined 
            under subsection (c)(2)(B).
            ``(B) Timing.--
                ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clauses (ii) 
            and (iii), not later than 30 days after the end of each 
            applicable 12-month marketing year, the Secretary shall 
            publish the information described in subparagraph (A).
                ``(ii) Insufficient data.--In the case of a covered 
            commodity, such as temperate japonica rice, for which the 
            Secretary cannot determine the national average market 
            price for the most recent 12-month marketing year by the 
            date described in clause (i) due to insufficient reporting 
            of timely pricing data by 1 or more nongovernmental 
            entities, including a marketing cooperative for the covered 
            commodity, as soon as practicable after the pricing data 
            are made available, the Secretary shall publish information 
            describing--

                    ``(I) the agriculture risk coverage guarantee under 
                subparagraph (A)(i); and
                    ``(II) the national average market price under 
                subparagraph (A)(iii).

                ``(iii) Transition.--Not later than 60 days after the 
            date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
            2018, the Secretary shall publish the information described 
            in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A) for the 2018 
            crop year.
        ``(2) Actual average county yield.--As soon as practicable 
    after each crop year, the Secretary shall determine and publish 
    each actual average county yield for each covered commodity, as 
    determined under subsection (b)(1)(A).
        ``(3) Data sources for county yields.--For the 2018 crop year 
    and each crop year thereafter, the Secretary shall make publicly 
    available information describing, for the most recent crop year--
            ``(A) the sources of data used to calculate county yields 
        under subsection (c)(2)(A) for each covered commodity--
                ``(i) by county; and
                ``(ii) nationally; and
            ``(B) the number and outcome of occurrences in which the 
        Farm Service Agency reviewed, changed, or determined not to 
        change a source of data used to calculate county yields under 
        subsection (c)(2)(A).
    ``(i) Administrative Units.--
        ``(1) In general.--For purposes of agriculture risk coverage 
    payments in the case of county coverage, a county may be divided 
    into not greater than 2 administrative units in accordance with 
    this subsection.
        ``(2) Eligible counties.--A county that may be divided into 
    administrative units under this subsection is a county that--
            ``(A) is larger than 1,400 square miles; and
            ``(B) contains more than 190,000 base acres.
        ``(3) Elections.--Before making any agriculture risk coverage 
    payments for the 2019 crop year, the Farm Service Agency State 
    committee, in consultation with the Farm Service Agency county or 
    area committee of a county described in paragraph (2), may make a 
    1-time election to divide the county into administrative units 
    under this subsection along a boundary that better reflects 
    differences in weather patterns, soil types, or other factors.
        ``(4) Limitation.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) limit the number of counties that may be divided into 
        administrative units under paragraph (3) to 25 counties; and
            ``(B) give preference to the division of counties that have 
        greater variation in climate, soils, and expected productivity 
        between the proposed administrative units.
        ``(5) Administration.--For purposes of providing agriculture 
    risk coverage payments in the case of county coverage, the 
    Secretary shall consider an administrative unit elected under 
    paragraph (3) to be a county for the 2019 through 2023 crop 
    years.''.
SEC. 1108. REPEAL OF TRANSITION ASSISTANCE FOR PRODUCERS OF UPLAND 
COTTON.
    Section 1119 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9019) is 
repealed.

                      Subtitle B--Marketing Loans

SEC. 1201. EXTENSIONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1201(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
(7 U.S.C. 9031(b)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
    (b) Repayment.--Section 1204 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9034) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (e)(2)(B), in the matter preceding clause 
    (i), by striking ``2019''and inserting ``2024''; and
        (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''.
    (c) Loan Deficiency Payments.--
        (1) Extension.--Section 1205(a)(2)(B) of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9035(a)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ``2018'' 
    and inserting ``2023''.
        (2) Payments in lieu of ldps.--Section 1206 of the Agricultural 
    Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9036) is amended in subsections (a) and (d) 
    by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 1202. LOAN RATES FOR NONRECOURSE MARKETING ASSISTANCE LOANS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1202 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9032) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking the subsection heading and 
    inserting ``2014 through 2018 crop years'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections (c) 
    and (d), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
    ``(b) 2019 Through 2023 Crop Years.--For purposes of each of the 
2019 through 2023 crop years, the loan rate for a marketing assistance 
loan under section 1201 for a loan commodity shall be equal to the 
following:
        ``(1) In the case of wheat, $3.38 per bushel.
        ``(2) In the case of corn, $2.20 per bushel.
        ``(3) In the case of grain sorghum, $2.20 per bushel.
        ``(4) In the case of barley, $2.50 per bushel.
        ``(5) In the case of oats, $2.00 per bushel.
        ``(6)(A) Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C), in the case of 
    base quality of upland cotton, the simple average of the adjusted 
    prevailing world price for the 2 immediately preceding marketing 
    years, as determined by the Secretary and announced October 1 
    preceding the next domestic planting.
        ``(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C), the loan rate 
    determined under subparagraph (A) may not equal less than an amount 
    equal to 98 percent of the loan rate for base quality of upland 
    cotton for the preceding year.
        ``(C) The loan rate determined under subparagraph (A) may not 
    be equal to an amount--
            ``(i) less than $0.45 per pound; or
            ``(ii) more than $0.52 per pound.
        ``(7) In the case of extra long staple cotton, $0.95 per pound.
        ``(8) In the case of long grain rice, $7.00 per hundredweight.
        ``(9) In the case of medium grain rice, $7.00 per 
    hundredweight.
        ``(10) In the case of soybeans, $6.20 per bushel.
        ``(11) In the case of other oilseeds, $10.09 per hundredweight 
    for each of the following kinds of oilseeds:
            ``(A) Sunflower seed.
            ``(B) Rapeseed.
            ``(C) Canola.
            ``(D) Safflower.
            ``(E) Flaxseed.
            ``(F) Mustard seed.
            ``(G) Crambe.
            ``(H) Sesame seed.
            ``(I) Other oilseeds designated by the Secretary.
        ``(12) In the case of dry peas, $6.15 per hundredweight.
        ``(13) In the case of lentils, $13.00 per hundredweight.
        ``(14) In the case of small chickpeas, $10.00 per 
    hundredweight.
        ``(15) In the case of large chickpeas, $14.00 per 
    hundredweight.
        ``(16) In the case of graded wool, $1.15 per pound.
        ``(17) In the case of nongraded wool, $0.40 per pound.
        ``(18) In the case of mohair, $4.20 per pound.
        ``(19) In the case of honey, $0.69 per pound.
        ``(20) In the case of peanuts, $355 per ton.''; and
        (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated), by striking 
    ``subsection (a)(11)'' and inserting ``subsections (a)(11) and 
    (b)(11)''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1204(h)(1) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9034(h)(1)) is amended by striking ``section 
1202(a)(20)'' and inserting ``subsection (a)(20) or (b)(20), as 
applicable, of section 1202''.
SEC. 1203. ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE FOR TEXTILE MILLS.
    (a) 2008 Authority.--Section 1207 of the Food, Conservation, and 
Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8737) is amended by striking subsection 
(c).
    (b) 2014 Authority.--Section 1207(c) of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9037(c)) is amended by striking the subsection heading 
and inserting ``Economic Adjustment Assistance for Textile Mills''.
SEC. 1204. SPECIAL COMPETITIVE PROVISIONS FOR EXTRA LONG STAPLE COTTON.
    (a) In General.--Section 1208(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9038(a)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (b) Payments Under Program; Trigger.--Section 1208(b)(2) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9038(b)(2)) is amended by striking 
``134 percent'' and inserting ``113 percent''.
SEC. 1205. AVAILABILITY OF RECOURSE LOANS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1209 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9039) is amended in subsections (a)(2) and (b) by striking 
``2018'' each place it appears and inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Recourse Loans Available for Contaminated Commodities.--Section 
1209 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9039) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Recourse Loans Available for Contaminated Commodities.--In 
the case of a loan commodity that is ineligible for 100 percent of the 
nonrecourse marketing loan rate in the county due to a determination 
that the commodity is contaminated yet still merchantable, for each of 
the 2019 through 2023 crops of such loan commodity, the Secretary shall 
make available recourse commodity loans, at the rate provided under 
section 1202, on any production.''.

                           Subtitle C--Sugar

SEC. 1301. SUGAR POLICY.
    (a) Sugar Program.--
        (1) Sugarcane.--Section 156(a) of the Federal Agriculture 
    Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(a)) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) 19.75 cents per pound for raw cane sugar for each of the 
    2019 through 2023 crop years.''.
        (2) Sugar beets.--Section 156(b)(2) of the Federal Agriculture 
    Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(b)(2)) is amended 
    by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
        (3) Effective period.--Section 156(i) of the Federal 
    Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7272(i)) 
    is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Flexible Marketing Allotments for Sugar.--
        (1) Sugar estimates.--Section 359b(a)(1) of the Agricultural 
    Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359bb(a)(1)) is amended by 
    striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
        (2) Effective period.--Section 359l(a) of the Agricultural 
    Adjustment Act of 1938 (7 U.S.C. 1359ll(a)) is amended by striking 
    ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.

  Subtitle D--Dairy Margin Coverage and Other Dairy Related Provisions

SEC. 1401. DAIRY MARGIN COVERAGE.
    (a) Review of Data Used in Calculation of Average Feed Cost.--Not 
later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate a report evaluating the extent to which the 
average cost of feed used by a dairy operation to produce a 
hundredweight of milk calculated by the Secretary as required by 
section 1402(a) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9052(a)) is 
representative of actual dairy feed costs.
    (b) Corn Silage Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report detailing 
the costs incurred by dairy operations in the use of corn silage as 
feed, and the difference between the feed cost of corn silage and the 
feed cost of corn.
    (c) Collection of Alfalfa Hay Data.--Not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, acting through 
the National Agricultural Statistics Service, shall revise monthly 
price survey reports to include prices for high-quality alfalfa hay in 
the top five milk producing States, as measured by volume of milk 
produced during the previous month.
    (d) Registration of Multiproducer Dairy Operations.--Section 
1404(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054(b)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
        (2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
        ``(3) Election period for 2019 calendar year.--For the 2019 
    calendar year, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) open the election period not later than 60 days after 
        the effective date described in section 1401(m) of the 
        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018; and
            ``(B) hold that election period open for not less than 90 
        days.
        ``(4) Treatment of multiproducer dairy operation.--
            ``(A) In general.--If a participating dairy operation is 
        operated by more than 1 dairy producer, the dairy producers of 
        the dairy operation who elect to participate shall be treated 
        as a single dairy operation for purposes of participating in 
        dairy margin coverage.
            ``(B) Rule of construction.--Subparagraph (A) shall not be 
        construed to allow a producer to adjust the proportion of their 
        share covered under tier I or tier II premiums from the 
        proportion covered for the operation.''.
    (e) Relation to Livestock Gross Margin for Dairy Program.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1404 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
    (7 U.S.C. 9054) is amended by striking subsection (d).
        (2) Retroactive program option.--Section 1404(b)(2) of the 
    Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054(b)(2)) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Retroactive program option.--In the case of a dairy 
        operation that, by operation of subsection (d) (as in effect on 
        the day before the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
        Improvement Act of 2018), was ineligible to participate in the 
        margin protection program for any part of calendar year 2018, 
        the Secretary shall establish a new election period for that 
        calendar year that ends on a date that is not less than 90 days 
        after the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act 
        of 2018 and the Secretary determines is necessary for dairy 
        operations to make new elections to participate in the margin 
        protection program (as in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018) for that 
        calendar year, including dairy operations that elected to 
        participate in the livestock gross margin for dairy program 
        under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.) 
        before the date of enactment of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 
        2018 (Public Law 115-123).''.
    (f) Production History of Participating Dairy Operators.--
        (1) Adjustment.--Section 1405 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
    (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``In subsequent 
            years'' and inserting ``In the subsequent calendar years 
            ending before January 1, 2019''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, as applicable'' 
            after ``paragraph (2)''; and
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
            subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
            appropriately;
                (ii) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so 
            redesignated), by striking ``In the case'' and inserting 
            the following:
        ``(1) Dairy operations with less than 1 year of production 
    history.--In the case''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Dairy operations with 1 year or more of production 
    history.--In the case of a participating dairy operation that was 
    not in operation prior to January 1, 2014, that has not established 
    a production history, and that has been in operation for equal to 
    or longer than 1 year, the participating dairy operation shall 
    elect the annual milk marketings during any 1 calendar year to 
    determine the production history of the participating dairy 
    operation.
        ``(3) Adjustment.--The Secretary shall adjust the production 
    history of a participating dairy operation determined under 
    paragraph (1) or (2) to reflect any increase or decrease in the 
    national average milk production relative to calendar year 2017.''.
        (2) Limitation on changes to business structure.--Section 1405 
    of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended by 
    adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Limitation on Changes to Business Structure.--The Secretary 
may not make dairy margin coverage payments to a participating dairy 
operation if the Secretary determines that the participating dairy 
operation has reorganized the structure of such operation solely for 
the purpose of qualifying as a new operation under subsection (b).''.
    (g) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--Section 1406 
of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9056) is amended by striking 
subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Coverage Level Threshold and Coverage Percentage.--
        ``(1) Coverage level threshold.--
            ``(A) In general.--For purposes of receiving dairy margin 
        coverage payments for a month, a participating dairy operation 
        shall annually elect a coverage level threshold that is equal 
        to $4.00, $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $6.50, $7.00, $7.50, 
        $8.00, $8.50, $9.00, or $9.50.
            ``(B) Applicability.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
        (C), the coverage level threshold elected under subparagraph 
        (A) shall apply to the covered production elected by the 
        participating dairy operation under paragraph (2).
            ``(C) Second coverage election for tier ii.--In the case of 
        a participating dairy operation that elects a coverage level 
        threshold of $8.50, $9.00, or $9.50 under subparagraph (A)--
                ``(i) that coverage level threshold shall apply to the 
            first 5,000,000 pounds of milk marketings included in the 
            covered production elected by the participating dairy 
            operation; and
                ``(ii) the participating dairy operation shall elect a 
            coverage level threshold that is equal to $4.00, $4.50, 
            $5.00, $5.50, $6.00, $6.50, $7.00, $7.50, or $8.00 to apply 
            to milk marketings in excess of 5,000,000 pounds included 
            in the covered production elected by the participating 
            dairy operation.
        ``(2) Coverage percentage.--For purposes of receiving dairy 
    margin coverage payments for a month, a participating dairy 
    operation shall annually elect a percentage of coverage, in 5-
    percent increments, not exceeding 95 percent of the production 
    history of the participating dairy operation.''.
    (h) Producer Premiums.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and 
    inserting the following:
        ``(2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in subsection (g), 
    the following annual premiums apply:


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    ``Coverage Level                                         Premium per Cwt.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$4.00                                                    None
$4.50                                                    $0.0025
$5.00                                                    $0.005
$5.50                                                    $0.030
$6.00                                                    $0.050
$6.50                                                    $0.070
$7.00                                                    $0.080
$7.50                                                    $0.090
$8.00                                                    $0.100
$8.50                                                    $0.105
$9.00                                                    $0.110
$9.50                                                    $0.150''; and
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    ''; and    (2) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and 
    inserting the following:
        ``(2) Producer premiums.--Except as provided in subsection (g), 
    the following annual premiums apply:


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    ``Coverage Level                                         Premium per Cwt.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
$4.00                                                    None
$4.50                                                    $0.0025
$5.00                                                    $0.005
$5.50                                                    $0.100
$6.00                                                    $0.310
$6.50                                                    $0.650
$7.00                                                    $1.107
$7.50                                                    $1.413
$8.00                                                    $1.813''.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


''.    (i) Repayment of Premiums.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act 
of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9057) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Repayment of Premiums.--
        ``(1) In general.--Each dairy operation described in paragraph 
    (2) shall be eligible to receive a repayment from the Secretary in 
    an amount equal to the difference between--
            ``(A) the total amount of premiums paid by the 
        participating dairy operation under this section for each 
        applicable calendar year; and
            ``(B) the total amount of payments made to the 
        participating dairy operation under section 1406 for that 
        calendar year.
        ``(2) Eligibility.--A dairy operation that is eligible to 
    receive a repayment under paragraph (1) is a dairy operation that--
            ``(A) participated in the margin protection program, as in 
        effect for any of calendar years 2014 through 2017; and
            ``(B) submits to the Secretary an application for the 
        repayment at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may require.
        ``(3) Method of repayment.--A dairy operation that is eligible 
    to receive a repayment under paragraph (1) shall elect to receive 
    the repayment--
            ``(A) in an amount equal to 75 percent of the repayment 
        calculated under that paragraph as credit that may be used by 
        the dairy operation for dairy margin coverage premiums; or
            ``(B) in an amount equal to 50 percent of the repayment 
        calculated under that paragraph as a direct cash repayment.
        ``(4) Applicability.--Paragraph (1) shall only apply to a 
    calendar year during the period of calendar years 2014 through 2017 
    for which the amount described in subparagraph (A) of that 
    paragraph is greater than the amount described in subparagraph (B) 
    of that paragraph.''.
    (j) Premium Discount.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
(7 U.S.C. 9057) (as amended by subsection (i)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(g) Premium Discount.--The premium per hundredweight specified in 
the tables contained in subsections (b) and (c) for each coverage level 
shall be reduced by 25 percent in accordance with the following:
        ``(1) In general.--For each of calendar years 2019 through 
    2023, for a participating dairy operation that makes a 1-time 
    election of coverage level in a tier and of a percentage of 
    coverage under section 1406(a) for the 5-year period beginning in 
    January 2019.
        ``(2) New dairy operations.--For each applicable calendar year 
    through 2023, for a participating dairy operation that--
            ``(A) establishes a production history pursuant to section 
        1405(b); and
            ``(B) makes a 1-time election of coverage level in a tier 
        and of a percentage of coverage under section 1406(a) for the 
        period beginning with the first available calendar year and 
        ending in December 2023.
        ``(3) Full participation required.--Notwithstanding the annual 
    elections under section 1406(a)--
            ``(A) a 1-time enrollment under this subsection shall 
        remain in effect for the full duration applicable to a 
        participating dairy operation in accordance with paragraph (1) 
        or (2)(B), as applicable; and
            ``(B) a participating dairy operation that makes a 1-time 
        enrollment under this subsection and is noncompliant under 
        section 1408 shall be subject to that section.''.
    (k) Conforming Amendments Related to Program Name.--
        (1) Heading.--The heading of part I of subtitle D of title I of 
    the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 Stat. 688) is 
    amended to read as follows:

                   ``PART I--DAIRY MARGIN COVERAGE''.

        (2) Definitions.--Section 1401 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
    (7 U.S.C. 9051) is amended--
            (A) by striking paragraphs (5) and (6) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
        ``(5) Dairy margin coverage.--The term `dairy margin coverage' 
    means the dairy margin coverage program required by section 1403.
        ``(6) Dairy margin coverage payment.--The term `dairy margin 
    coverage payment' means a payment made to a participating dairy 
    operation under dairy margin coverage pursuant to section 1406.''; 
    and
            (B) in paragraphs (7) and (8), by striking ``the margin 
        protection program'' both places it appears and inserting 
        ``dairy margin coverage''.
        (3) Calculation of actual dairy production margin.--Section 
    1402(b)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9052(b)(1)) is 
    amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) by striking ``the 
    margin protection program'' and inserting ``dairy margin 
    coverage''.
        (4) Program operation.--Section 1403 of the Agricultural Act of 
    2014 (7 U.S.C. 9053) is amended--
            (A) by striking the section heading and inserting ``dairy 
        margin coverage'';
            (B) by striking ``Not later than September 1, 2014, the 
        Secretary shall establish and administer a margin protection 
        program'' and inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall continue to administer a 
dairy margin coverage program'';
            (C) in subsection (a) (as so designated), by striking 
        ``margin protection payment'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``dairy margin coverage payment''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Regulations.--Subpart A of part 1430 of title 7, Code of 
Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of the 
Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018), shall remain in effect for dairy 
margin coverage beginning with the 2019 calendar year, except to the 
extent that the regulations are inconsistent with any provision of this 
Act.''.
        (5) Participation.--Section 1404 of the Agricultural Act of 
    2014 (7 U.S.C. 9054) is amended--
            (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin protection 
        program'' and inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
            (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``the margin protection 
        program to receive margin protection payments'' and inserting 
        ``dairy margin coverage to receive dairy margin coverage 
        payments''; and
            (C) in subsections (b) and (c), by striking ``the margin 
        protection program'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``dairy margin coverage''.
        (6) Production history.--Section 1405 of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9055) is amended in subsections (a)(1) and (c) by 
    striking ``the margin protection program'' each place it appears 
    and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''.
        (7) Payments.--Section 1406 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
    U.S.C. 9056) is amended--
            (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin 
        protection'' and inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
            (B) by striking ``margin protection'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''; and
            (C) in the heading of subsection (c), by striking ``Margin 
        Protection''.
        (8) Premiums.--Section 1407 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
    U.S.C. 9057) is amended--
            (A) in the section heading, by striking ``margin protection 
        program'' and inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
            (B) in subsection (a), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``the margin protection program'' and 
        inserting ``dairy margin coverage'';
            (C) in subsection (d), by striking ``program'' and 
        inserting ``dairy margin coverage''; and
            (D) in subsection (e)--
                (i) by striking ``the margin protection program'' both 
            places it appears and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''; 
            and
                (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``integrity of the 
            program'' and inserting ``integrity of dairy margin 
            coverage''.
        (9) Failure to pay administrative fees or premiums.--Section 
    1408 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9058) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``margin protection'' 
        and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the margin protection 
        program'' and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''.
        (10) Administration and enforcement.--Section 1410 of the 
    Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9060) is amended--
            (A) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking ``the margin 
        protection program'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``dairy margin coverage''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``margin protection'' 
        and inserting ``dairy margin coverage''.
    (l) Duration.--Section 1409 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9059) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The margin protection program'' and inserting 
    ``Dairy margin coverage''; and
        (2) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (m) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on January 1, 2019.
SEC. 1402. REAUTHORIZATIONS.
    (a) Forward Pricing.--Section 1502(e) of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8772(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2021'' and inserting 
    ``2026''.
    (b) Indemnity Program.--Section 3 of Public Law 90-484 (7 U.S.C. 
4553) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Promotion and Research.--Section 113(e)(2) of the Dairy 
Production Stabilization Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 4504(e)(2)) is amended 
by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 1403. CLASS I SKIM MILK PRICE.
    (a) Class I Skim Milk Price.--Section 8c(5)(A) of the Agricultural 
Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(5)(A)), reenacted with amendments by the 
Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, is amended by striking 
``Throughout'' in the third sentence and all that follows through the 
period at the end of the fourth sentence and inserting ``Throughout the 
2-year period beginning on the effective date of this sentence (and 
subsequent to such 2-year period unless modified by amendment to the 
order involved), for purposes of determining prices for milk of the 
highest use classification, the Class I skim milk price per 
hundredweight specified in section 1000.50(b) of title 7, Code of 
Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), shall be the sum of the 
adjusted Class I differential specified in section 1000.52 of such 
title 7 (or successor regulations), plus the adjustment to Class I 
prices specified in sections 1005.51(b), 1006.51(b), and 1007.51(b) of 
such title 7 (or successor regulations), plus the simple average of the 
advanced pricing factors computed in sections 1000.50(q)(1) and 
1000.50(q)(2) of such title 7 (or successor regulations), plus 
$0.74.''.
    (b) Effective Date and Implementation.--
        (1) Effective date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
    take effect on the first day of the first month beginning more than 
    120 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
        (2) Implementation.--Implementation of the amendment made by 
    subsection (a) shall not be subject to any of the following:
            (A) The notice and comment provisions of section 553 of 
        title 5, United States Code.
            (B) The notice and hearing requirements of section 8c(3) of 
        the Agricultural Adjustment Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(3)), reenacted 
        with amendments by the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 
        1937.
            (C) The order amendment requirements of section 8c(17) of 
        that Act (7 U.S.C. 608c(17)).
            (D) A referendum under section 8c(19) of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
        608c(19)).
SEC. 1404. DAIRY PRODUCT DONATION.
    (a) Repeal of Dairy Product Donation Program.--Section 1431 of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9071) is repealed.
    (b) Milk Donation Program.--
        (1) In general.--Part III of subtitle D of title I of the 
    Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 Stat. 695) is 
    amended to read as follows:

                   ``PART III--MILK DONATION PROGRAM

``SEC. 1431. MILK DONATION PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Eligible dairy organization.--The term `eligible dairy 
    organization' means a dairy farmer (either individually or as part 
    of a cooperative), or a dairy processor, who--
            ``(A) accounts to a Federal milk marketing order marketwide 
        pool; and
            ``(B) incurs qualified expenses under subsection (e).
        ``(2) Eligible distributor.--The term `eligible distributor' 
    means a public or private nonprofit organization that distributes 
    donated eligible milk.
        ``(3) Eligible milk.--The term `eligible milk' means Class I 
    fluid milk products produced and processed in the United States.
        ``(4) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible partnership' 
    means a partnership between an eligible dairy organization and an 
    eligible distributor.
        ``(5) Participating partnership.--The term `participating 
    partnership' means an eligible partnership for which the Secretary 
    has approved a donation and distribution plan for eligible milk 
    under subsection (c)(2).
    ``(b) Program Required; Purposes.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
Secretary shall establish and administer a milk donation program for 
the purposes of--
        ``(1) encouraging the donation of eligible milk;
        ``(2) providing nutrition assistance to individuals in low-
    income groups; and
        ``(3) reducing food waste.
    ``(c) Donation and Distribution Plans.--
        ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive reimbursement 
    under subsection (d), an eligible partnership shall submit to the 
    Secretary a donation and distribution plan that--
            ``(A) describes the process that the eligible partnership 
        will use for the donation, processing, transportation, 
        temporary storage, and distribution of eligible milk;
            ``(B) includes an estimate of the quantity of eligible milk 
        that the eligible partnership will donate each year, based on--
                ``(i) preplanned donations; and
                ``(ii) contingency plans to address unanticipated 
            donations; and
            ``(C) describes the rate at which the eligible partnership 
        will be reimbursed, which shall be based on a percentage of the 
        limitation described in subsection (e)(2), not to exceed 100 
        percent.
        ``(2) Review and approval.--Not less frequently than annually, 
    the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) review donation and distribution plans submitted 
        under paragraph (1); and
            ``(B) determine whether to approve or disapprove each of 
        those donation and distribution plans.
    ``(d) Reimbursement.--
        ``(1) In general.--On receipt of appropriate documentation 
    under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall reimburse an eligible 
    dairy organization that is a member of a participating partnership 
    on a regular basis for qualified expenses described in subsection 
    (e).
        ``(2) Documentation.--
            ``(A) In general.--An eligible dairy organization shall 
        submit to the Secretary such documentation as the Secretary may 
        require to demonstrate the qualified expenses described in 
        subsection (e) of the eligible dairy organization.
            ``(B) Verification.--The Secretary may verify the accuracy 
        of documentation submitted under subparagraph (A) by spot 
        checks and audits.
        ``(3) Retroactive reimbursement.--In providing reimbursements 
    under paragraph (1), the Secretary may provide reimbursements for 
    qualified expenses incurred before the date on which the donation 
    and distribution plan for the applicable participating partnership 
    was approved by the Secretary.
    ``(e) Qualified Expenses.--
        ``(1) In general.--The amount of a reimbursement under 
    subsection (d) shall be an amount equal to the product of--
            ``(A) the quantity of eligible milk donated by the eligible 
        dairy organization under a donation and distribution plan 
        approved by the Secretary under subsection (c); and
            ``(B) subject to the limitation under paragraph (2), the 
        rate described in that donation and distribution plan under 
        subsection (c)(1)(C).
        ``(2) Limitation.--Expenses eligible for reimbursement under 
    subsection (d) shall not exceed the value that an eligible dairy 
    organization incurred by accounting to the Federal milk marketing 
    order pool at the difference in the Class I milk value and the 
    lowest classified price for the applicable month (either Class III 
    milk or Class IV milk).
    ``(f) Preapproval.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) establish a process for an eligible partnership to 
        apply for preapproval of donation and distribution plans under 
        subsection (c); and
            ``(B) not less frequently than annually, preapprove an 
        amount for qualified expenses described in subsection (e) that 
        the Secretary will allocate for reimbursement under each 
        donation and distribution plan preapproved under subparagraph 
        (A), based on an assessment of--
                ``(i) the feasibility of the plan; and
                ``(ii) the extent to which the plan advances the 
            purposes described in subsection (b).
        ``(2) Preference.--In preapproving amounts for reimbursement 
    under paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall give preference to 
    eligible partnerships that will provide funding and in-kind 
    contributions in addition to the reimbursements.
        ``(3) Adjustments.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall adjust or increase 
        amounts preapproved for reimbursement under paragraph (1)(B) 
        based on performance and demand.
            ``(B) Requests for increase.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
            procedure for a participating partnership to request an 
            increase in the amount preapproved for reimbursement under 
            paragraph (1)(B) based on changes in conditions.
                ``(ii) Interim approval; incremental increase.--The 
            Secretary may provide an interim approval of an increase 
            requested under clause (i) and an incremental increase in 
            the amount of reimbursement to the applicable participating 
            partnership to allow time for the Secretary to review the 
            request without interfering with the donation and 
            distribution of eligible milk by the participating 
            partnership.
    ``(g) Prohibition on Resale of Products.--
        ``(1) In general.--An eligible distributor that receives 
    eligible milk donated under this section may not sell the products 
    back into commercial markets.
        ``(2) Prohibition on future participation.--An eligible 
    distributor that the Secretary determines has violated paragraph 
    (1) shall not be eligible for any future participation in the 
    program established under this section.
    ``(h) Administration.--The Secretary shall publicize opportunities 
to participate in the program established under this section.
    ``(i) Reviews.--The Secretary shall conduct appropriate reviews or 
audits to ensure the integrity of the program established under this 
section.
    ``(j) Funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, 
the Secretary shall use to carry out this section $9,000,000 for fiscal 
year 2019, and $5,000,000 for each fiscal year thereafter, to remain 
available until expended.''.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1401 of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9051) is amended, in the matter preceding 
    paragraph (1), by striking ``and part III''.

       Subtitle E--Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

SEC. 1501. SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE.
    (a) Members of Indian Tribes.--Section 1501(a)(1)(B) of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(a)(1)(B)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating clauses (iii) and (iv) as clauses (iv) and 
    (v), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
                ``(iii) an Indian tribe or tribal organization (as 
            those terms are defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-
            Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 
            5304));''.
    (b) Covered Livestock Losses for Livestock Indemnity Payments.--
Section 1501(b) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(b)) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``or'' at the end of subparagraph (A);
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``cold.'' and 
        inserting ``cold, on the condition that in the case of the 
        death loss of unweaned livestock due to that adverse weather, 
        the Secretary may disregard any management practice, 
        vaccination protocol, or lack of vaccination by the eligible 
        producer on a farm; or''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) disease that, as determined by the Secretary--
                ``(i) is caused or transmitted by a vector; and
                ``(ii) is not susceptible to control by vaccination or 
            acceptable management practices.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``A payment'' and inserting 
    ``Payment reductions.--A payment''.
    (c) Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and Farm-raised 
Fish.--
        (1) In general.--Section 1501(d)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 
    2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(d)(2)) is amended by inserting ``, including 
    inspections of cattle tick fever'' before the period at the end.
        (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall 
    apply to inspections of cattle tick fever conducted on or after the 
    date of enactment of this Act.
    (d) Tree Assistance Program.--Section 1501(e) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
    by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (4) and 
    (5)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Payment rate for beginning and veteran producers.--
    Subject to paragraph (4), in the case of a beginning farmer or 
    rancher or a veteran farmer or rancher (as those terms are defined 
    in subsection (a) of section 2501 of the Food, Agriculture, 
    Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)) that is 
    eligible to receive assistance under this subsection, the Secretary 
    shall provide reimbursement of 75 percent of the costs under 
    subparagraphs (A)(i) and (B) of paragraph (3).''.
    (e) Payment Limitation.--Section 1501(f)(2) of the Agricultural Act 
of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(f)(2)) is amended by striking ``this section 
(excluding payments received under subsections (b) and (e))'' and 
inserting ``subsection (c)''.

                 Subtitle F--Noninsured Crop Assistance

SEC. 1601. NONINSURED CROP ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    Section 196 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Data collection and sharing.--The Secretary shall 
        coordinate with the Administrator of the Risk Management Agency 
        on the type and format of data received under the noninsured 
        crop disaster assistance program that--
                ``(i) best facilitates the use of that data in 
            developing policies or plans of insurance offered under the 
            Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
                ``(ii) ensures the availability of that data on a 
            regular basis.
            ``(D) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate between 
        the agencies of the Department that provide programs or 
        services to farmers and ranchers that are potentially eligible 
        for the noninsured crop disaster assistance program under this 
        section--
                ``(i) to make available coverage under--

                    ``(I) the fee waiver under subsection (k)(2); or
                    ``(II) the premium discount under subsection 
                (l)(3); and

                ``(ii) to share eligibility information to reduce 
            paperwork and avoid duplication.'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (A) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), in this 
        section, the term `eligible crop' means each commercial crop or 
        other agricultural commodity that is produced for food or fiber 
        (except livestock) for which catastrophic risk protection under 
        subsection (b) of section 508 of the Federal Crop Insurance Act 
        (7 U.S.C. 1508) and additional coverage under subsections (c) 
        and (h) of such section are not available or, if such coverage 
        is available, it is only available under a policy that provides 
        coverage for specific intervals based on weather indexes or 
        under a whole farm plan of insurance.''; and
            (C) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                (i) by striking clause (i) and inserting the following:
                ``(i) In general.--

                    ``(I) Agricultural act of 2014.--During the first 4 
                crop years of planting, as determined by the Secretary, 
                native sod acreage that has been tilled for the 
                production of an annual crop during the period 
                beginning on February 8, 2014, and ending on the date 
                of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 
                shall be subject to a reduction in benefits under this 
                section as described in this subparagraph.
                    ``(II) Subsequent years.--Native sod acreage that 
                has been tilled for the production of an eligible crop 
                after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
                Improvement Act of 2018 shall be subject to a reduction 
                in benefits under this section as described in this 
                subparagraph for not more than any 4 crop years--

                        ``(aa) during the first 10 crop years after the 
                    initial tillage; and
                        ``(bb) during which a crop on that acreage is 
                    enrolled under subsection (l)(2) or (k).''; and
                (ii) in clause (iii)(I), by striking ``transitional 
            yield of the producer'' and inserting ``county expected 
            yield'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``not later than 30 
        days'' and inserting ``by an appropriate deadline''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Streamlined submission process.--The Secretary shall 
    establish a streamlined process for the submission of records and 
    acreage reports under paragraphs (2) and (3) for diverse production 
    systems such as those typical of urban production systems, other 
    small-scale production systems, and direct-to-consumer production 
    systems.'';
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively;
            (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
        ``(1) the producer's share of the total acres devoted to the 
    eligible crop; by''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``established yield for the crop'' and inserting ``approved 
        yield for the crop, as determined by the Secretary'';
        (4) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``farm'' and inserting 
        ``approved'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the second sentence--

                    (I) by inserting ``approved'' before ``yield''; and
                    (II) by striking ``Subject'' and inserting the 
                following:

            ``(B) Calculation.--Subject''; and
                (ii) in the matter preceding subparagraph (B) (as so 
            designated)--

                    (I) by striking ``yield coverage'' and inserting 
                ``an approved yield''; and
                    (II) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
                the following:

            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``transitional yield of 
        the producer'' and inserting ``county expected yield'';
        (5) in subsection (i)(2), by striking ``exceed $125,000'' and 
    inserting the following: ``exceed--
            ``(A) in the case of catastrophic coverage under subsection 
        (c), $125,000; and
            ``(B) in the case of additional coverage under subsection 
        (l), $300,000'';
        (6) in subsection (k)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$250'' and inserting 
        ``$325''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) by striking ``$750'' and inserting ``$825''; and
                (ii) by striking ``$1,875'' and inserting ``$1,950''; 
            and
        (7) in subsection (l)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as 
            subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), respectively;
                (ii) by inserting before subparagraph (B) (as so 
            redesignated) the following:
            ``(A) the producer's share of the total acres devoted to 
        the crop;''; and
                (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated), by 
            inserting ``, contract price, or other premium price (such 
            as a local, organic, or direct market price, as elected by 
            the producer)'' after ``price'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(i)--
                (i) in subclause (IV), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) in subclause (V), by striking ``or'' at the end 
            and inserting ``and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:

                    ``(VI) the producer's share of the crop; or'';

            (C) by striking paragraphs (3) and (5); and
            (D) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).

                       Subtitle G--Administration

SEC. 1701. REGULATIONS.
    Section 1601(c)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9091(c)(2)) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
    ``title and sections 11003 and 11017'' and inserting ``title, 
    sections 11003 and 11017, title I of the Agriculture Improvement 
    Act of 2018 and the amendments made by that title, and section 
    10109 of that Act'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the end;
        (3) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    period; and
        (4) by striking subparagraph (C).
SEC. 1702. SUSPENSION OF PERMANENT PRICE SUPPORT AUTHORITY.
    Section 1602 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9092) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 1703. PAYMENT LIMITATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1001 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 1001 of the 
        Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008'' and inserting 
        ``section 1111 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
        9011)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``first cousin, niece, 
        nephew,'' after ``sibling,'';
        (2) in subsections (b) and (c), by striking ``and as marketing 
    loan gains or loan deficiency payments under subtitle B of title I 
    of the Agricultural Act of 2014'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9016, 
    9017)''; and
        (3) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following:
        ``(9) Administration of reduction.--The Secretary shall apply 
    any order described in section 1614(d)(1) of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) to payments under sections 1116 and 
    1117 of that Act (7 U.S.C. 9016, 9017) prior to applying payment 
    limitations under this section.''.
    (b) Application.--The amendments made by this section shall apply 
beginning with the 2019 crop year.
SEC. 1704. ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME LIMITATIONS.
    (a) Waiver.--Section 1001D(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)(C), by inserting ``title II of the 
    Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018,'' after ``under''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the limitation 
    established by paragraph (1) with respect to a payment pursuant to 
    a covered benefit described in paragraph (2)(C), on a case-by-case 
    basis, if the Secretary determines that environmentally sensitive 
    land of special significance would be protected as a result of such 
    waiver.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1001D(b)(1) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1308-3a(b)(1)) is amended by inserting ``subject 
to paragraph (3),'' after ``of law,''.
    (c) Transition.--Section 1001D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (7 
U.S.C. 1308-3a), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
of this Act, shall apply with respect to the 2018 crop, fiscal, or 
program year, as appropriate, for each program described in subsection 
(b)(2) of that section (as so in effect on that day).
SEC. 1705. FARM SERVICE AGENCY ACCOUNTABILITY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall establish policies, procedures, and 
plans to improve program accountability and integrity through targeted 
and coordinated activities, including utilizing data mining to identify 
and reduce errors, waste, fraud, and abuse in programs administered by 
the Farm Service Agency.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the progress 
and results of the activities conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 1706. IMPLEMENTATION.
    (a) Maintenance of Base Acres and Payment Yields.--Section 1614(a) 
of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(a)) is amended by 
inserting ``, and as adjusted pursuant to sections 1112 and 1113'' 
before the period at the end.
    (b) Streamlining.--Section 1614 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 
U.S.C. 9097) is amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(b) Streamlining.--In implementing this title and the amendments 
made by this title, the Secretary shall--
        ``(1) continue to reduce administrative burdens and costs to 
    producers by streamlining and reducing paperwork, forms, and other 
    administrative requirements, to ensure that--
            ``(A) a producer (or an agent of a producer) may report 
        information, electronically (including geospatial data) or 
        conventionally, to the Department of Agriculture, subject to 
        the Secretary--
                ``(i) establishing reasonable levels of tolerance that 
            reflect the differences in accuracy between measures of 
            common land units and geospatial data; and
                ``(ii) ensuring that discrepancies that occur within 
            the levels of tolerance established under clause (i) shall 
            not be used to penalize a producer (or an agent of a 
            producer) under any program administered by the Department 
            of Agriculture;
            ``(B) on the request of a producer (or an agent of a 
        producer), the Department of Agriculture electronically shares 
        with the producer (or agent) in real time and without cost to 
        the producer (or agent) the common land unit data, related farm 
        level data, conservation practices, and other information of 
        the producer through a single Department of Agriculture-wide 
        login;
            ``(C) not later than September 30, 2020, the Administrator 
        of the Risk Management Agency and the Administrator of the Farm 
        Service Agency shall implement a consistent method for 
        determining crop acreage, acreage yields, farm acreage, 
        property descriptions, and other common informational 
        requirements, including measures of common land units;
            ``(D) except in the case of misrepresentation, fraud, or 
        scheme and device, no crop insurance agent, approved insurance 
        provider, or employee or contractor of a crop insurance agency 
        or approved insurance provider bears responsibility or 
        liability under the Acreage Crop Reporting and Streamlining 
        Initiative (or any successor or similar initiative) for the 
        eligibility of a producer for a program administered by the 
        Department of Agriculture, not including a policy or plan of 
        insurance offered under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 
        U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
            ``(E) on request of a crop insurance agent or approved 
        insurance provider required to deliver policies and plans of 
        insurance under the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 
        et seq.) the crop insurance agent or approved insurance 
        provider receives, in a timely manner, any information held by 
        the Farm Service Agency that is necessary to ensure effective 
        crop insurance coverage for farmer customers;
        ``(2) continue to improve coordination, information sharing, 
    and administrative work among the Farm Service Agency, Risk 
    Management Agency, Natural Resources Conservation Service, and 
    other agencies, as determined by the Secretary;
        ``(3) continue to take advantage of new technologies to enhance 
    the efficiency and effectiveness of the delivery of Department of 
    Agriculture programs to producers, including by developing and 
    making publicly available data standards and security procedures to 
    allow third-party providers to develop applications that use or 
    feed data (including geospatial and precision agriculture data) 
    into the datasets and analyses of the Department of Agriculture; 
    and
        ``(4) reduce administrative burdens on producers participating 
    in price loss coverage or agriculture risk coverage by offering--
            ``(A) those producers an option to remotely and 
        electronically sign annual contracts for that coverage; and
            ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, an option to sign 
        a multiyear contract for that coverage.''.
    (c) Implementation.--Section 1614(c) of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Agriculture improvement act of 2018.--The Secretary shall 
    make available to the Farm Service Agency to carry out title I of 
    the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 and the amendments made by 
    that title $15,500,000.''.
    (d) Loan Implementation.--Section 1614(d)(1) of the Agricultural 
Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097(d)(1)) is amended by striking ``under 
subtitles'' and all that follows through ``except'' and inserting 
``under subtitle B or C, under the amendments made by subtitle B or C, 
or under the amendments made by subtitle B or C of the Agriculture 
Improvement Act of 2018, except''.
    (e) Deobligation of Unliquidated Obligations.--Section 1614 of the 
Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9097) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(e) Deobligation of Unliquidated Obligations.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), any payment 
    obligated or otherwise made available by the Secretary under this 
    title on or after the date of enactment of the Agriculture 
    Improvement Act of 2018 that is not disbursed to the recipient by 
    the date that is 5 years after the date on which the payment is 
    obligated or otherwise made available shall--
            ``(A) be deobligated; and
            ``(B) revert to the Treasury.
        ``(2) Outstanding payments.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to paragraph (3), any payment 
        obligated or otherwise made available by the Farm Service 
        Agency (or any predecessor agency of the Department of 
        Agriculture) under the laws described in subparagraph (B) 
        before the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act 
        of 2018, that is not disbursed by the date that is 5 years 
        after the date on which the payment is obligated or otherwise 
        made available shall--
                ``(i) be deobligated; and
                ``(ii) revert to the Treasury.
            ``(B) Laws described.--The laws referred to in subparagraph 
        (A) are any of the following:
                ``(i) This title.
                ``(ii) Title I of the Food, Conservation, and Energy 
            Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 8702 et seq.).
                ``(iii) Title I of the Farm Security and Rural 
            Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.).
                ``(iv) The Agricultural Market Transition Act (7 U.S.C. 
            7201 et seq.).
                ``(v) Titles I through XI of the Food, Agriculture, 
            Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-624; 
            104 Stat. 3374) and the amendments made by those titles.
                ``(vi) Titles I through X of the Food Security Act of 
            1985 (Public Law 99-198; 99 Stat. 1362) and the amendments 
            made by those titles.
                ``(vii) Titles I through XI of the Agriculture and Food 
            Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-98; 95 Stat. 1218) and the 
            amendments made by those titles.
                ``(viii) Titles I through X of the Food and Agriculture 
            Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-113; 91 Stat. 917) and the 
            amendments made by those titles.
        ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may delay the date of the 
    deobligation and reversion under paragraph (1) or (2) of any 
    payment--
            ``(A) that is the subject of--
                ``(i) ongoing administrative review or appeal;
                ``(ii) litigation; or
                ``(iii) the settlement of an estate; or
            ``(B) for which the Secretary otherwise determines that the 
        circumstances are such that the delay is equitable.''.
    (f) Report.--Section 1614 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
9097) (as amended by subsection (e)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(f) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2020, and each January 1 
thereafter through January 1, 2023, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report that describes the tilled native sod acreage that was subject to 
a reduction in benefits under section 196(a)(4)(B) of the Federal 
Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7333(a)(4)(B) 
and section 508(o)(2) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
1508(o)(2))--
        ``(1) as of the date of submission of the report; and
        ``(2) by State and county, relative to the total acres of 
    cropland in the State or county.''.
SEC. 1707. EXEMPTION FROM CERTAIN REPORTING REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
PRODUCERS.
    (a) Definition of Exempted Producer.--In this section, the term 
``exempted producer'' means an individual or entity that is eligible to 
participate in--
        (1) a conservation program under title II or a law amended by 
    title II;
        (2) an indemnity or disease control program under the Animal 
    Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8301 et seq.) or the Plant 
    Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.); or
        (3) a commodity program under title I of the Agricultural Act 
    of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9011 et seq.), excluding the assistance provided 
    to users of cotton under sections 1207(c) and 1208 of that Act (7 
    U.S.C. 9037(c), 9038).
    (b) Exemption.--Notwithstanding the Federal Funding Accountability 
and Transparency Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-282; 31 U.S.C. 6101 note), 
the requirements of parts 25 and 170 of title 2, Code of Federal 
Regulations (or successor regulations), shall not apply with respect to 
assistance received by an exempted producer from the Secretary, acting 
through the Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the 
Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, or the 
Administrator of the Farm Service Agency.

                         TITLE II--CONSERVATION
                    Subtitle A--Wetland Conservation

SEC. 2101. WETLAND CONVERSION.
    Section 1221(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3821(d)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Except as'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--Except as''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Duty of the secretary.--No person shall become ineligible 
    under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that an exemption 
    under section 1222(b) applies to that person.''.
SEC. 2102. WETLAND CONSERVATION.
    Section 1222(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3822(c)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``No program'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--No program'';
        (2) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by inserting ``, 
    which, except as provided in paragraph (2), shall be conducted in 
    the presence of the affected person'' before the period at the end; 
    and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Exception.--The Secretary may conduct an on-site visit 
    under paragraph (1) without the affected person present if the 
    Secretary has made a reasonable effort to include the presence of 
    the affected person at the on-site visit.''.
SEC. 2103. MITIGATION BANKING.
    Section 1222(k)(1)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3822(k)(1)(B)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(B) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this paragraph 
        $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.

                Subtitle B--Conservation Reserve Program

SEC. 2201. CONSERVATION RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--Section 1231(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3831(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
    (b) Eligible Land.--Section 1231(b) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``Agricultural Act of 2014 
    (except for land enrolled in the conservation reserve program as of 
    that date)'' and inserting ``Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, 
    on the condition that the Secretary shall consider to be planted 
    cropland enrolled in the conservation reserve program'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs (5) 
    and (6), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
        ``(4) cropland, marginal pasture land, and grasslands that will 
    have a positive impact on water quality and will be devoted to--
            ``(A) a grass sod waterway;
            ``(B) a contour grass sod strip;
            ``(C) a prairie strip;
            ``(D) a filterstrip;
            ``(E) a riparian buffer;
            ``(F) a wetland or a wetland buffer;
            ``(G) a saturated buffer;
            ``(H) a bioreactor; or
            ``(I) another similar water quality practice, as determined 
        by the Secretary;'';
        (4) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``or filterstrips or 
        riparian buffers devoted to trees, shrubs, or grasses'' and 
        inserting ``salt tolerant vegetation, field borders, or 
        practices to benefit State or federally identified wellhead 
        protection areas''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``or'' after the 
        semicolon;
        (5) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated), in subparagraph 
    (B)(ii), by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; or''; 
    and
        (6) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(7) as determined by the Secretary, land--
            ``(A) that was enrolled in the conservation reserve program 
        under a 15-year contract that expired on September 30, 2017, or 
        September 30, 2018;
            ``(B) for which there was no opportunity for additional 
        enrollment in that program; and
            ``(C) on which the conservation practice under the expired 
        contract under subparagraph (A) is maintained.''.
    (c) Enrollment.--Section 1231(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3831(d)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A) through (E) 
    and inserting the following:
            ``(A) fiscal year 2019, not more than 24,000,000 acres;
            ``(B) fiscal year 2020, not more than 24,500,000 acres;
            ``(C) fiscal year 2021, not more than 25,000,000 acres;
            ``(D) fiscal year 2022, not more than 25,500,000 acres; and
            ``(E) fiscal year 2023, not more than 27,000,000 acres.'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A) Limitation.--For purposes of applying the limitations 
        in paragraph (1)--
                ``(i) the Secretary shall enroll and maintain in the 
            conservation reserve not fewer than 2,000,000 acres of the 
            land described in subsection (b)(3) by September 30, 2023; 
            and
                ``(ii) in carrying out clause (i), to the maximum 
            extent practicable, the Secretary shall maintain in the 
            conservation reserve at any one time during--

                    ``(I) fiscal year 2019, 1,000,000 acres;
                    ``(II) fiscal year 2020, 1,500,000 acres; and
                    ``(III) fiscal years 2021 through 2023, 2,000,000 
                acres.

            ``(B) Priority.--In enrolling acres under subparagraph (A), 
        the Secretary may give priority to land, as determined by the 
        Secretary--
                ``(i) with expiring conservation reserve contracts;
                ``(ii) at risk of conversion or development; or
                ``(iii) of ecological significance, including land 
            that--

                    ``(I) may assist in the restoration of threatened 
                or endangered species under the Endangered Species Act 
                of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.);
                    ``(II) may assist in preventing a species from 
                being listed as a threatened or endangered species 
                under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
                1531 et seq.); or
                    ``(III) improves or creates wildlife habitat 
                corridors.'';

            (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                (i) by striking ``In enrolling'' and inserting the 
            following:
                ``(i) In general.--In enrolling'';
                (ii) in clause (i) (as so designated), by striking ``a 
            continuous'' and inserting ``an annual''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ii) Timing of grassland ranking period.--For 
            purposes of grasslands described in subsection (b)(3), the 
            Secretary shall announce at least 1 ranking period 
            subsequent to the announcement of general enrollment 
            offers.''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) Reservation of unenrolled acres.--If the Secretary is 
        unable in a fiscal year to enroll enough acres of land 
        described in subsection (b)(3) to meet the number of acres 
        described in clause (ii) or (iii) of subparagraph (A) for the 
        fiscal year--
                ``(i) the Secretary shall reserve the remaining number 
            of acres for that fiscal year for the enrollment of land 
            described in subsection (b)(3); and
                ``(ii) that number of acres shall not be available for 
            the enrollment of any other type of eligible land.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Water quality practices to foster clean lakes, estuaries, 
    and rivers (clear initiative).--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall give priority within 
        continuous enrollment under paragraph (6) to the enrollment of 
        land described in subsection (b)(4).
            ``(B) Sediment and nutrient loadings.--In carrying out 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall give priority to the 
        implementation of practices on land that, if enrolled, will 
        help reduce sediment loadings, nutrient loadings, and harmful 
        algal blooms, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(C) Acreage.--
                ``(i) In general.--Of the acres maintained in the 
            conservation reserve in accordance with paragraph (1), to 
            the maximum extent practicable, not less than 40 percent of 
            acres enrolled in the conservation reserve using continuous 
            enrollment under paragraph (6) shall be of land described 
            in subsection (b)(4).
                ``(ii) Limitation.--The acres described in clause (i) 
            shall not include grasslands described in subsection 
            (b)(3).
            ``(D) Report.--The Secretary shall--
                ``(i) in the monthly publication of the Secretary 
            describing conservation reserve program statistics, include 
            a description of enrollments through the priority under 
            this paragraph; and
                ``(ii) publish on the website of the Farm Service 
            Agency an annual report describing a summary of, with 
            respect to the enrollment priority under this paragraph--

                    ``(I) new enrollments;
                    ``(II) expirations;
                    ``(III) geographic distribution; and
                    ``(IV) estimated water quality benefits.

        ``(4) State enrollment rates.--At the beginning of each of 
    fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to the maximum extent practicable, 
    the Secretary shall allocate to the States proportionately 60 
    percent of the available number of acres each year for enrollment 
    in the conservation reserve, in accordance with historical State 
    enrollment rates, taking into consideration--
            ``(A) the average number of acres of all land enrolled in 
        the conservation reserve in each State during each of fiscal 
        years 2007 through 2016;
            ``(B) the average number of acres of all land enrolled in 
        the conservation reserve nationally during each of fiscal years 
        2007 through 2016; and
            ``(C) the acres available for enrollment during each of 
        fiscal years 2019 through 2023, excluding acres described in 
        paragraph (2).
        ``(5) Frequency.--In carrying out this subchapter, for 
    contracts that are not available on a continuous enrollment basis, 
    the Secretary shall hold a signup and enrollment not less often 
    than once each year.
        ``(6) Continuous enrollment procedure.--
            ``(A) In general.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
        Secretary shall allow producers to submit applications on a 
        continuous basis for enrollment in--
                ``(i) the conservation reserve of--

                    ``(I) marginal pasture land described in subsection 
                (b)(2);
                    ``(II) land described in subsection (b)(4); and
                    ``(III) cropland described in subsection (b)(5); 
                and

                ``(ii) the conservation reserve enhancement program 
            under section 1231A.
            ``(B) Limitation.--For purposes of applying the limitations 
        in paragraph (1)--
                ``(i) the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent 
            practicable, enroll and maintain not fewer than 8,600,000 
            acres of land under subparagraph (A) by September 30, 2023; 
            and
                ``(ii) in carrying out clause (i), to the maximum 
            extent practicable, the Secretary shall maintain in the 
            conservation reserve at any one time during--

                    ``(I) fiscal year 2019, 8,000,000 acres;
                    ``(II) fiscal year 2020, 8,250,000 acres;
                    ``(III) fiscal year 2021, 8,500,000 acres; and
                    ``(IV) fiscal years 2022 and 2023, 8,600,000 
                acres.''.

    (d) Eligibility for Consideration.--Section 1231(h) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831(h)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``On the expiration'' and inserting the 
    following:
        ``(1) In general.--On the expiration''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Reenrollment limitation for certain land.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), 
        land subject to a contract entered into under this subchapter 
        shall be eligible for only one reenrollment in the conservation 
        reserve under paragraph (1) if the land is devoted to hardwood 
        trees.
            ``(B) Exclusions.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to--
                ``(i) riparian forested buffers;
                ``(ii) forested wetlands enrolled under subsection 
            (d)(3) or the conservation reserve enhancement program 
            under section 1231A; and
                ``(iii) shelterbelts.''.
SEC. 2202. CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title 
XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting after 
section 1231 (16 U.S.C. 3831) the following:
``SEC. 1231A. CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) CREP.--The term `CREP' means a conservation reserve 
    enhancement program carried out under subsection (b)(1).
        ``(2) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means land that 
    is eligible to be included in the program established under this 
    subchapter.
        ``(3) Eligible partner.--The term `eligible partner' means--
            ``(A) a State;
            ``(B) a political subdivision of a State;
            ``(C) an Indian tribe (as defined in section 4 of the 
        Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
        U.S.C. 5304)); or
            ``(D) a nongovernmental organization.
        ``(4) Management.--The term `management' means an activity 
    conducted by an owner or operator under a contract entered into 
    under this subchapter after the establishment of a conservation 
    practice on eligible land, to regularly maintain or enhance the 
    vegetative cover established by the conservation practice--
            ``(A) throughout the term of the contract; and
            ``(B) consistent with the conservation plan that covers the 
        eligible land.
    ``(b) Agreements.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into an agreement 
    with an eligible partner to carry out a conservation reserve 
    enhancement program--
            ``(A) to assist in enrolling eligible land in the program 
        established under this subchapter; and
            ``(B) that the Secretary determines will advance the 
        purposes of this subchapter.
        ``(2) Contents.--An agreement entered into under paragraph (1) 
    shall--
            ``(A) describe--
                ``(i) 1 or more specific State or nationally 
            significant conservation concerns to be addressed by the 
            agreement;
                ``(ii) quantifiable environmental goals for addressing 
            the concerns under clause (i);
                ``(iii) a suitable acreage goal for enrollment of 
            eligible land under the agreement, as determined by the 
            Secretary;
                ``(iv) the location of eligible land to be enrolled in 
            the project area identified under the agreement;
                ``(v) the payments to be offered by the Secretary and 
            eligible partner to an owner or operator; and
                ``(vi) an appropriate list of conservation reserve 
            program conservation practices that are appropriate to 
            meeting the concerns described under clause (i), as 
            determined by the Secretary in consultation with eligible 
            partners;
            ``(B) subject to subparagraph (C), require the eligible 
        partner to provide matching funds--
                ``(i) in an amount determined during a negotiation 
            between the Secretary and 1 or more eligible partners, if 
            the majority of the matching funds to carry out the 
            agreement are provided by 1 or more eligible partners that 
            are not nongovernmental organizations; or
                ``(ii) in an amount not less than 30 percent of the 
            cost required to carry out the conservation measures and 
            practices described in the agreement, if a majority of the 
            matching funds to carry out the agreement are provided by 1 
            or more nongovernmental organizations; and
            ``(C) include procedures to allow for a temporary waiver of 
        the matching requirements under subparagraph (B), or continued 
        enrollment with a temporary suspension of incentives or 
        eligible partner contributions for new agreements, during a 
        period when an eligible partner loses the authority or ability 
        to provide matching contributions, if the Secretary determines 
        that the temporary waiver or continued enrollment with a 
        temporary suspension will advance the purposes of this 
        subchapter.
        ``(3) Effect on existing agreements.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), an 
        agreement under this subsection shall not affect, modify, or 
        interfere with existing agreements under this subchapter.
            ``(B) Modification of existing agreements.--To implement 
        this section, the signatories to an agreement under this 
        subsection may mutually agree to a modification of an agreement 
        entered into before the date of enactment of this section under 
        the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program established by the 
        Secretary under this subchapter.
    ``(c) Payments.--
        ``(1) Matching requirement.--Funds provided by an eligible 
    partner may be in cash, in-kind contributions, or technical 
    assistance, as determined by the Secretary.
        ``(2) Marginal pastureland cost-share payments.--The Secretary 
    shall ensure that cost-share payments to an owner or operator to 
    install stream fencing, crossings, and alternative water 
    development on marginal pastureland under a CREP reflect the fair 
    market value of the cost of installation.
        ``(3) Cost-share and practice incentive payments.--
            ``(A) In general.--On request of an owner or operator, the 
        Secretary shall provide cost-share payments when a major 
        component of a conservation practice is completed under a CREP, 
        as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Exemption.--For purposes of implementing conservation 
        practices on land enrolled under a CREP, the Secretary may 
        waive the contribution limitation described in section 
        1234(b)(2)(A).
        ``(4) Riparian buffer management payments.--
            ``(A) In general.--In the case of an agreement under 
        subsection (b)(1) that includes riparian buffers as an eligible 
        practice, the Secretary shall make cost-share payments to 
        encourage the regular management of the riparian buffer 
        throughout the term of the agreement, consistent with the 
        conservation plan that covers the eligible land.
            ``(B) Limitation.--The amount of payments received by an 
        owner or operator under subparagraph (A) shall not be greater 
        than 100 percent of the normal and customary projected 
        management cost, as determined by the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the applicable State technical committee 
        established under section 1261(a).
    ``(d) Forested Riparian Buffer Practice.--
        ``(1) Food-producing woody plants.--In the case of an agreement 
    under subsection (b)(1) that includes forested riparian buffers as 
    an eligible practice, the Secretary shall allow an owner or 
    operator--
            ``(A) to plant food-producing woody plants in the forested 
        riparian buffers, on the conditions that--
                ``(i) the plants shall contribute to the conservation 
            of soil, water quality, and wildlife habitat; and
                ``(ii) the planting shall be consistent with--

                    ``(I) recommendations of the applicable State 
                technical committee established under section 1261(a); 
                and
                    ``(II) technical guide standards of the applicable 
                field office of the Natural Resources Conservation 
                Service; and

            ``(B) to harvest from plants described in subparagraph (A), 
        on the conditions that--
                ``(i) the harvesting shall not damage the conserving 
            cover or otherwise have a negative impact on the 
            conservation concerns targeted by the CREP;
                ``(ii) only native plant species appropriate to the 
            region shall be used within 35 feet of the watercourse; and
                ``(iii) the producer shall be subject to a reduction in 
            the rental rate commensurate to the value of the crop 
            harvested.
        ``(2) Technical assistance.--For the purpose of enrolling 
    forested riparian buffers in a CREP, the Administrator of the Farm 
    Service Agency shall coordinate with the applicable State forestry 
    agency.
    ``(e) Drought and Water Conservation Agreements.--In the case of an 
agreement under subsection (b)(1) to address regional drought concerns, 
in accordance with the conservation purposes of the CREP, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the applicable State technical 
committee established under section 1261(a), may--
        ``(1) notwithstanding subsection (a)(2), enroll other 
    agricultural land on which the resource concerns identified in the 
    agreement can be addressed if the enrollment of the land is 
    critical to the accomplishment of the purposes of the agreement;
        ``(2) permit dryland agricultural uses with the adoption of 
    best management practices on enrolled land if the agreement 
    involves the significant long-term reduction of consumptive water 
    use and dryland production is compatible with the agreement; and
        ``(3) calculate annual rental payments consistent with existing 
    administrative practice for similar drought and water conservation 
    agreements under this subtitle and ensure regional consistency in 
    those rates.
    ``(f) Status Report.--Not later than 180 days after the end of each 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that 
describes, with respect to each agreement entered into under subsection 
(b)(1)--
        ``(1) the status of the agreement;
        ``(2) the purposes and objectives of the agreement;
        ``(3) the Federal and eligible partner commitments made under 
    the agreement; and
        ``(4) the progress made in fulfilling those commitments.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Section 1240R(c)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
    U.S.C. 3839bb-5(c)(3)) is amended by striking ``a special 
    conservation reserve enhancement program described in section 
    1234(f)(4)'' and inserting ``a conservation reserve enhancement 
    program under section 1231A''.
        (2) Section 1244(f)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
    U.S.C. 3844(f)(3)) is amended by striking ``subsection 
    (d)(2)(A)(ii) or (g)(2) of section 1234'' and inserting ``section 
    1231A''.
SEC. 2203. FARMABLE WETLAND PROGRAM.
    Section 1231B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''; and
        (2) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``1234(d)(2)(A)(ii)'' and 
    inserting ``1234(d)''.
SEC. 2204. PILOT PROGRAMS.
    Subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 is amended by inserting after section 1231B (16 
U.S.C. 3831b) the following:
``SEC. 1231C. PILOT PROGRAMS.
    ``(a) CLEAR 30.--
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) Enrollment.--The Secretary shall establish a pilot 
        program to enroll land in the conservation reserve program 
        through a 30-year conservation reserve contract (referred to in 
        this subsection as a `CLEAR 30 contract') in accordance with 
        this subsection.
            ``(B) Inclusion of acreage limitation.--For purposes of 
        applying the limitations in section 1231(d)(1), the Secretary 
        shall include acres of land enrolled under this subsection.
        ``(2) Expired conservation contract election.--
            ``(A) Definition of covered contract.--In this paragraph, 
        the term `covered contract' means a contract entered into under 
        this subchapter that--
                ``(i) expires on or after the date of enactment of the 
            Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018; and
                ``(ii) covers land enrolled in the conservation reserve 
            program under the clean lakes, estuaries, and rivers 
            priority described in section 1231(d)(3) (or the 
            predecessor practices that constitute the priority, as 
            determined by the Secretary).
            ``(B) Election.--On the expiration of a covered contract, 
        an owner or operator party to the covered contract shall 
        elect--
                ``(i) not to reenroll the land under the contract;
                ``(ii) to offer to reenroll the land under the contract 
            if the land remains eligible under the terms in effect as 
            of the date of expiration; or
                ``(iii) not to reenroll the land under the contract and 
            to enroll that land through a CLEAR 30 contract under this 
            subsection.
        ``(3) Eligible land.--Only land that is subject to an expired 
    covered contract shall be eligible for enrollment through a CLEAR 
    30 contract under this subsection.
        ``(4) Term.--The term of a CLEAR 30 contract shall be 30 years.
        ``(5) Agreements.--To be eligible to enroll land in the 
    conservation reserve program through a CLEAR 30 contract, the owner 
    of the land shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary--
            ``(A) to implement a conservation reserve plan developed 
        for the land;
            ``(B) to comply with the terms and conditions of the 
        contract and any related agreements; and
            ``(C) to temporarily suspend the base history for the land 
        covered by the contract.
        ``(6) Terms and conditions of clear 30 contracts.--
            ``(A) In general.--A CLEAR 30 contract shall include terms 
        and conditions that--
                ``(i) permit--

                    ``(I) repairs, improvements, and inspections on the 
                land that are necessary to maintain existing public 
                drainage systems; and
                    ``(II) owners to control public access on the land 
                while identifying access routes to be used for 
                restoration activities and management and contract 
                monitoring;

                ``(ii) prohibit--

                    ``(I) the alteration of wildlife habitat and other 
                natural features of the land, unless specifically 
                authorized by the Secretary as part of the conservation 
                reserve plan;
                    ``(II) the spraying of the land with chemicals or 
                the mowing of the land, except where the spraying or 
                mowing is authorized by the Secretary or is necessary--

                        ``(aa) to comply with Federal or State noxious 
                    weed control laws;
                        ``(bb) to comply with a Federal or State 
                    emergency pest treatment program; or
                        ``(cc) to meet habitat needs of specific 
                    wildlife species;

                    ``(III) any activity to be carried out on the land 
                of the owner or successor that is immediately adjacent 
                to, and functionally related to, the land that is 
                subject to the contract if the activity will alter, 
                degrade, or otherwise diminish the functional value of 
                the land; and
                    ``(IV) the adoption of any other practice that 
                would tend to defeat the purposes of the conservation 
                reserve program, as determined by the Secretary; and

                ``(iii) include any additional provision that the 
            Secretary determines is appropriate to carry out this 
            section or facilitate the practical administration of this 
            section.
            ``(B) Violation.--On the violation of a term or condition 
        of a CLEAR 30 contract, the Secretary may require the owner to 
        refund all or part of any payments received by the owner under 
        the conservation reserve program, with interest on the 
        payments, as determined appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(C) Compatible uses.--Land subject to a CLEAR 30 contract 
        may be used for compatible economic uses, including hunting and 
        fishing, managed timber harvest, or periodic haying or grazing, 
        if the use--
                ``(i) is specifically permitted by the conservation 
            reserve plan developed for the land; and
                ``(ii) is consistent with the long-term protection and 
            enhancement of the conservation resources for which the 
            contract was established.
        ``(7) Compensation.--
            ``(A) Amount of payments.--The Secretary shall provide 
        payment under this subsection to an owner of land enrolled 
        through a CLEAR 30 contract using 30 annual payments in an 
        amount equal to the amount that would be used if the land were 
        to be enrolled in the conservation reserve program under 
        section 1231(d)(3).
            ``(B) Form of payment.--Compensation for a CLEAR 30 
        contract shall be provided by the Secretary in the form of a 
        cash payment in an amount determined under subparagraph (A).
            ``(C) Timing.--The Secretary shall provide any annual 
        payment obligation under subparagraph (A) as early as 
        practicable in each fiscal year.
            ``(D) Payments to others.--The Secretary shall make a 
        payment, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the 
        Secretary, in a manner as the Secretary determines is fair and 
        reasonable under the circumstances, if an owner who is entitled 
        to a payment under this section--
                ``(i) dies;
                ``(ii) becomes incompetent;
                ``(iii) is succeeded by another person or entity who 
            renders or completes the required performance; or
                ``(iv) is otherwise unable to receive the payment.
        ``(8) Technical assistance.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall assist owners in 
        complying with the terms and conditions of a CLEAR 30 contract.
            ``(B) Contracts or agreements.--The Secretary may enter 
        into 1 or more contracts with private entities or agreements 
        with a State, nongovernmental organization, or Indian Tribe to 
        carry out necessary maintenance of a CLEAR 30 contract if the 
        Secretary determines that the contract or agreement will 
        advance the purposes of the conservation reserve program.
        ``(9) Administration.--
            ``(A) Conservation reserve plan.--The Secretary shall 
        develop a conservation reserve plan for any land subject to a 
        CLEAR 30 contract, which shall include practices and activities 
        necessary to maintain, protect, and enhance the conservation 
        value of the enrolled land.
            ``(B) Delegation of contract administration.--
                ``(i) Federal, state, or local government agencies.--
            The Secretary may delegate any of the management, 
            monitoring, and enforcement responsibilities of the 
            Secretary under this subsection to other Federal, State, or 
            local government agencies that have the appropriate 
            authority, expertise, and resources necessary to carry out 
            those delegated responsibilities.
                ``(ii) Conservation organizations.--The Secretary may 
            delegate any management responsibilities of the Secretary 
            under this subsection to conservation organizations if the 
            Secretary determines the conservation organization has 
            similar expertise and resources.
    ``(b) Soil Health and Income Protection Pilot Program.--
        ``(1) Definition of eligible land.--In this subsection:
            ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible land' means cropland 
        that--
                ``(i) is selected by the owner or operator of the land 
            for proposed enrollment in the pilot program under this 
            subsection; and
                ``(ii) as determined by the Secretary--

                    ``(I) is located within 1 or more States that are 
                part of the prairie pothole region, as selected by the 
                Secretary based on consultation with State Committees 
                of the Farm Service Agency and State technical 
                committees established under section 1261(a) from that 
                region;
                    ``(II) had a cropping history or was considered to 
                be planted during each of the 3 crop years preceding 
                enrollment; and
                    ``(III) is verified to be less-productive land, as 
                compared to other land on the applicable farm.

            ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `eligible land' does not include 
        any land that was enrolled in a conservation reserve program 
        contract in any of the 3 crop years preceding enrollment in the 
        pilot program under this subsection.
        ``(2) Establishment.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a 
        voluntary soil health and income protection pilot program under 
        which eligible land is enrolled through the use of contracts to 
        assist owners and operators of eligible land to conserve and 
        improve the soil, water, and wildlife resources of the eligible 
        land.
            ``(B) Deadline for participation.--Eligible land may be 
        enrolled in the program under this section through December 31, 
        2020.
        ``(3) Contracts.--
            ``(A) Requirements.--A contract described in paragraph (2) 
        shall--
                ``(i) be entered into by the Secretary, the owner of 
            the eligible land, and (if applicable) the operator of the 
            eligible land; and
                ``(ii) provide that, during the term of the contract--

                    ``(I) the lowest practicable cost perennial 
                conserving use cover crop for the eligible land, as 
                determined by the applicable State conservationist 
                after considering the advice of the applicable State 
                technical committee, shall be planted on the eligible 
                land;
                    ``(II) except as provided in subparagraph (E), the 
                owner or operator of the eligible land shall pay the 
                cost of planting the conserving use cover crop under 
                subclause (I);
                    ``(III) subject to subparagraph (F), the eligible 
                land may be harvested for seed, hayed, or grazed 
                outside the primary nesting season established for the 
                applicable county;
                    ``(IV) the eligible land may be eligible for a 
                walk-in access program of the applicable State, if any; 
                and
                    ``(V) a nonprofit wildlife organization may provide 
                to the owner or operator of the eligible land a payment 
                in exchange for an agreement by the owner or operator 
                not to harvest the conserving use cover.

            ``(B) Payments.--Except as provided in subparagraphs (E) 
        and (F)(ii)(II), the annual rental rate for a payment under a 
        contract described in paragraph (2) shall be equal to 50 
        percent of the average rental rate for the applicable county 
        under section 1234(d), as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(C) Limitation on enrolled land.--Not more than 15 
        percent of the eligible land on a farm may be enrolled in the 
        pilot program under this subsection.
            ``(D) Term.--
                ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), 
            each contract described in paragraph (2) shall be for a 
            term of 3, 4, or 5 years, as determined by the parties to 
            the contract.
                ``(ii) Early termination.--

                    ``(I) Secretary.--The Secretary may terminate a 
                contract described in paragraph (2) before the end of 
                the term described in clause (i) if the Secretary 
                determines that the early termination of the contract 
                is necessary.
                    ``(II) Owners and operators.--An owner and (if 
                applicable) an operator of eligible land enrolled in 
                the pilot program under this subsection may terminate a 
                contract described in paragraph (2) before the end of 
                the term described in clause (i) if the owner and (if 
                applicable) the operator pay to the Secretary an amount 
                equal to the amount of rental payments received under 
                the contract.

            ``(E) Beginning, limited resource, socially disadvantaged, 
        or veteran farmers and ranchers.--With respect to a beginning, 
        limited resource, socially disadvantaged, or veteran farmer or 
        rancher, as determined by the Secretary--
                ``(i) a contract described in paragraph (2) shall 
            provide that, during the term of the contract, of the 
            actual cost of establishment of the conserving use cover 
            crop under subparagraph (A)(ii)(I)--

                    ``(I) using the funds of the Commodity Credit 
                Corporation, the Secretary shall pay 50 percent; and
                    ``(II) the beginning, limited resource, socially 
                disadvantaged, or veteran farmer or rancher shall pay 
                50 percent; and

                ``(ii) the annual rental rate for a payment under a 
            contract described in paragraph (2) shall be equal to 75 
            percent of the average rental rate for the applicable 
            county under section 1234(d), as determined by the 
            Secretary.
            ``(F) Harvesting, haying, and grazing outside applicable 
        period.--The harvesting for seed, haying, or grazing of 
        eligible land under subparagraph (A)(ii)(III) outside of the 
        primary nesting season established for the applicable county 
        shall be subject to the conditions that--
                ``(i) with respect to eligible land that is so hayed or 
            grazed, adequate stubble height shall be maintained to 
            protect the soil on the eligible land, as determined by the 
            applicable State conservationist after considering the 
            advice of the applicable State technical committee; and
                ``(ii) with respect to eligible land that is so 
            harvested for seed--

                    ``(I) the eligible land shall not be eligible to be 
                insured or reinsured under the Federal Crop Insurance 
                Act (7 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.); and
                    ``(II) the rental payment otherwise applicable to 
                the eligible land under this subsection shall be 
                reduced by 25 percent.

        ``(4) Acreage limitation.--Of the number of acres available for 
    enrollment in the conservation reserve under section 1231(d)(1), 
    not more than 50,000 total acres of eligible land may be enrolled 
    under the pilot program under this subsection.
        ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
    Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate an annual report 
    describing the eligible land enrolled in the pilot program under 
    this subsection, including--
            ``(A) the estimated conservation value of the land; and
            ``(B) estimated savings from reduced commodity payments, 
        crop insurance indemnities, and crop insurance premium 
        subsidies.''.
SEC. 2205. DUTIES OF OWNERS AND OPERATORS.
    Section 1232(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3832(a)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (10) and (11) as paragraphs 
    (11) and (12), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
        ``(10) on land devoted to hardwood or other trees, excluding 
    windbreaks and shelterbelts, to carry out proper thinning and other 
    practices--
            ``(A) to enhance the conservation benefits and wildlife 
        habitat resources addressed by the conservation practice under 
        which the land is enrolled; and
            ``(B) to promote forest management;''.
SEC. 2206. DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY.
    (a) Cost-Share and Rental Payments.--Section 1233(a) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833(a)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including the cost of 
    fencing and other water distribution practices, if applicable'' 
    after ``interest''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``in an amount necessary to compensate'' and inserting ``, in 
        accordance with section 1234(d),'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) by inserting ``, marginal pastureland,'' after 
            ``cropland''; and
                (ii) by adding ``or'' at the end;
            (C) by striking subparagraph (B); and
            (D) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B).
    (b) Specified Activities Permitted.--Section 1233 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3833) is amended by striking subsection 
(b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Specified Activities Permitted.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in coordination with the 
    applicable State technical committee established under section 
    1261(a), shall permit certain activities or commercial uses of 
    established cover on land that is subject to a contract under the 
    conservation reserve program if--
            ``(A) those activities or uses--
                ``(i) are consistent with the conservation of soil, 
            water quality, and wildlife habitat;
                ``(ii) are subject to appropriate restrictions during 
            the primary nesting season for birds in the local area that 
            are economically significant, in significant decline, or 
            conserved in accordance with Federal or State law;
                ``(iii) contribute to the health and vigor of the 
            established cover; and
                ``(iv) are consistent with a site-specific plan, 
            including vegetative management requirements, stocking 
            rates, and frequency and duration of activity, taking into 
            consideration regional differences, such as climate, soil 
            type, and natural resources; and
            ``(B) the Secretary, in coordination with the State 
        technical committee, includes contract modifications--
                ``(i) without any reduction in the rental rate for--

                    ``(I) emergency haying, emergency grazing, or other 
                emergency use of the forage in response to a localized 
                or regional drought, flooding, wildfire, or other 
                emergency, on all practices, outside the primary 
                nesting season, when--

                        ``(aa) the county is designated as D2 (severe 
                    drought) or greater according to the United States 
                    Drought Monitor;
                        ``(bb) there is at least a 40 percent loss in 
                    forage production in the county; or
                        ``(cc) the Secretary, in coordination with the 
                    State technical committee, determines that the 
                    program can assist in the response to a natural 
                    disaster event without permanent damage to the 
                    established cover;

                    ``(II) emergency grazing on all practices during 
                the primary nesting season if payments are authorized 
                for a county under the livestock forage disaster 
                program under clause (ii) of section 1501(c)(3)(D) of 
                the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 9081(c)(3)(D)), 
                at 50 percent of the normal carrying capacity 
                determined under clause (i) of that section, adjusted 
                to the site-specific plan;
                    ``(III) emergency haying on certain practices, 
                outside the primary nesting season, if payments are 
                authorized for a county under the livestock forage 
                disaster program under clause (ii) of section 
                1501(c)(3)(D) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
                9081(c)(3)(D)), on not more than 50 percent of contract 
                acres, as identified in the site-specific plan;
                    ``(IV) grazing of all practices, outside the 
                primary nesting season, if included as a mid-contract 
                management practice under section 1232(a)(5);
                    ``(V) the intermittent and seasonal use of 
                vegetative buffer established under paragraphs (4) and 
                (5) of section 1231(b) that are incidental to 
                agricultural production on land adjacent to the buffer 
                such that the permitted use--

                        ``(aa) does not destroy the permanent 
                    vegetative cover; and
                        ``(bb) retains suitable vegetative structure 
                    for wildlife cover and shelter outside the primary 
                    nesting season; or

                    ``(VI) grazing on all practices, outside the 
                primary nesting season, if conducted by a beginning 
                farmer or rancher; or

                ``(ii) with a 25 percent reduction in the annual rental 
            rate for the acres covered by the authorized activity, 
            including--

                    ``(I) grazing not more frequently than every other 
                year on the same land, except that during the primary 
                nesting season, grazing shall be subject to a 50 
                percent reduction in the stocking rate specified in the 
                site-specific plan;
                    ``(II) grazing of all practices during the primary 
                nesting season, with a 50 percent reduction in the 
                stocking rate specified in the site-specific plan;
                    ``(III) haying and other commercial use (including 
                the managed harvesting of biomass and excluding the 
                harvesting of vegetative cover), on the condition that 
                the activity--

                        ``(aa) is completed outside the primary nesting 
                    season;
                        ``(bb) occurs not more than once every 3 years; 
                    and
                        ``(cc) maintains 25 percent of the total 
                    contract acres unharvested, in accordance with a 
                    site-specific plan that provides for wildlife cover 
                    and shelter;

                    ``(IV) annual grazing outside the primary nesting 
                season if consistent with a site-specific plan that is 
                authorized for the control of invasive species; and
                    ``(V) the installation of wind turbines and 
                associated access, except that in permitting the 
                installation of wind turbines, the Secretary shall 
                determine the number and location of wind turbines that 
                may be installed, taking into account--

                        ``(aa) the location, size, and other physical 
                    characteristics of the land;
                        ``(bb) the extent to which the land contains 
                    threatened or endangered wildlife and wildlife 
                    habitat; and
                        ``(cc) the purposes of the conservation reserve 
                    program under this subchapter.
        ``(2) Conditions on haying and grazing.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may permit haying or 
        grazing in accordance with paragraph (1) on any land or 
        practice subject to a contract under the conservation reserve 
        program.
            ``(B) Exceptions.--
                ``(i) Damage to vegetative cover.--Haying or grazing 
            described in paragraph (1) shall not be permitted on land 
            subject to a contract under the conservation reserve 
            program, or under a particular practice, if haying or 
            grazing for that year under that practice, as applicable, 
            would cause long-term damage to vegetative cover on that 
            land.
                ``(ii) Special agreements.--

                    ``(I) In general.--Except as provided in subclause 
                (II), haying or grazing described in paragraph (1) 
                shall not be permitted on--

                        ``(aa) land covered by a contract enrolled 
                    under the State acres for wildlife enhancement 
                    program established by the Secretary; or
                        ``(bb) land covered by a contract enrolled 
                    under a conservation reserve enhancement program 
                    established under section 1231A or the Conservation 
                    Reserve Enhancement Program established by the 
                    Secretary under this subchapter.

                    ``(II) Exception.--Subclause (I) shall not apply to 
                land on which haying or grazing is specifically 
                permitted under the applicable conservation reserve 
                enhancement program agreement or other partnership 
                agreement entered into under this subchapter.''.

    (c) Natural Disaster or Adverse Weather as Mid-contract 
Management.--Section 1233 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3833) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Natural Disaster or Adverse Weather as Mid-contract 
Management.--In the case of a natural disaster or adverse weather event 
that has the effect of a management practice consistent with the 
conservation plan, the Secretary shall not require further management 
practices pursuant to section 1232(a)(5) that are intended to achieve 
the same effect.''.
SEC. 2207. PAYMENTS.
    (a) Cost Sharing Payments.--Section 1234(b) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(b)) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraphs (2) through (4) and inserting the 
    following:
        ``(2) Limitations.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, that cost sharing payments to an 
        owner or operator under this subchapter, when combined with the 
        sum of payments from all other funding sources for measures and 
        practices described in paragraph (1), do not exceed 100 percent 
        of the total actual cost of establishing those measures and 
        practices, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Mid-contract management grazing.--The Secretary may 
        not make any cost sharing payment to an owner or operator under 
        this subchapter pursuant to section 1232(a)(5).
            ``(C) Seed cost.--In the case of seed costs related to the 
        establishment of cover, cost sharing payments under this 
        subchapter shall not exceed 50 percent of the actual cost of 
        the seed mixture, as determined by the Secretary.'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (3);
        (3) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by striking ``An 
    owner'' and inserting ``Except in the case of incentive payments 
    that are related to the cost of the establishment of a practice and 
    received from eligible partners under the conservation reserve 
    enhancement program under section 1231A, an owner''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Practice incentives for continuous practices.--In 
    addition to the cost sharing payment described in this subsection, 
    the Secretary shall make an incentive payment to an owner or 
    operator of land enrolled under section 1231(d)(6) in an amount not 
    to exceed 50 percent of the actual cost of establishing all 
    measures and practices described in paragraph (1), including seed 
    costs related to the establishment of cover, as determined by the 
    Secretary.''.
    (b) Incentive Payments.--Section 1234(c) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(c)) is amended--
        (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Incentive'' and 
    inserting ``Forest Management Incentive'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
    inserting ``Using funds made available under section 1241(a)(1)(A), 
    the Secretary''; and
        (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``150 percent'' and inserting 
    ``100 percent''.
    (c) Annual Rental Payments.--Section 1234(d) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(d)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``the Secretary may consider, among other 
        things, the amount'' and inserting the following: ``the 
        Secretary shall consider--
            ``(A) the amount'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated), by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) the impact on the local farmland rental market; and
            ``(C) such other factors as the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) in clause (i), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
            period;
                (ii) by striking clause (ii); and
                (iii) by striking ``determined through--'' in the 
            matter preceding clause (i) and all that follows through 
            ``the submission of bids'' in clause (i) and inserting 
            ``determined through the submission of applications'';
            (B) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C);
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
            ``(B) Multiple enrollments.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), if land 
            subject to a contract entered into under this subchapter is 
            reenrolled under section 1231(h)(1) or has been previously 
            enrolled in the conservation reserve, the annual rental 
            payment shall be in an amount that is not more than 85 
            percent in the case of general enrollment contacts, or 90 
            percent in the case of continuous enrollment contracts, of 
            the applicable estimated average county rental rate 
            published pursuant to paragraph (4) for the year in which 
            the reenrollment occurs.
                ``(ii) Conservation reserve enhancement program.--The 
            reduction in annual rental payments under clause (i) may be 
            waived as part of the negotiation between the Secretary and 
            an eligible partner to enter into a conservation reserve 
            enhancement program agreement under section 1231A.'';
            (D) in subparagraph (C) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``In the case'' and inserting ``Notwithstanding subparagraph 
        (A), in the case''; and
            (E) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) Continuous sign-up incentives.--The Secretary shall 
        make an incentive payment to the owner or operator of land 
        enrolled under section 1231(d)(6) at the time of initial 
        enrollment in an amount equal to 32.5 percent of the amount of 
        the first annual rental payment under subparagraph (A).'';
        (3) by striking paragraph (4);
        (4) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); and
        (5) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) by striking ``, not less frequently than once every 
            other year,'' and inserting ``annually''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``, and shall publish the estimates 
            derived from the survey not later than September 15 of each 
            year'' before the period at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``and the average 
        current and previous soil rental rates for each county'' after 
        ``subparagraph (A)'';
            (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``may use'' and 
        inserting ``shall consider''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) Submission of additional information by state fsa 
        offices and crep partners.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall provide an 
            opportunity for State Committees of the Farm Service Agency 
            or eligible partners (as defined in section 1231A(a)) in 
            conservation reserve enhancement programs under section 
            1231A to propose an alternative soil rental rate prior to 
            finalizing new rates, on the condition that documentation 
            described in clause (ii) is provided to support the 
            proposed alternative.
                ``(ii) Acceptable documentation.--Documentation 
            referred to in clause (i) includes--

                    ``(I) an average of cash rents from a random sample 
                of lease agreements;
                    ``(II) cash rent estimates from a published survey;
                    ``(III) neighboring county estimate comparisons 
                from the National Agricultural Statistics Service;
                    ``(IV) an average of cash rents from Farm Service 
                Agency farm business plans;
                    ``(V) models that estimate cash rents, such as 
                models that use returns to estimate crop production or 
                land value data; or
                    ``(VI) other documentation, as determined by the 
                Secretary.

                ``(iii) Notification.--Not less than 14 days prior to 
            the announcement of new or revised soil rental rates, the 
            Secretary shall offer a briefing to the Chairman and 
            Ranking Member of the Committee on Agriculture of the House 
            of Representatives and the Chairman and Ranking Member of 
            the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
            the Senate, including information on and the rationale for 
            the alternative rates proposed under clause (i) that were 
            accepted or rejected.
            ``(E) Rental rate limitation.--Notwithstanding forest 
        management incentive payments described in subsection (c), the 
        county average soil rental rate (before any adjustments 
        relating to specific practices, wellhead protection, or soil 
        productivity) shall not exceed--
                ``(i) 85 percent of the estimated rental rate 
            determined under this paragraph for general enrollment; or
                ``(ii) 90 percent of the estimated rental rate 
            determined under this paragraph for continuous 
            enrollment.''.
    (d) Payment Limitation for Rental Payments.--Section 1234(g) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3834(g)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The total'' and inserting 
    ``Except as provided in paragraph (2), the total''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Wellhead protection.--Paragraph (1) and section 1001D(b) 
    shall not apply to rental payments received by a rural water 
    district or association for land that is enrolled under this 
    subchapter for the purpose of protecting a wellhead.''.
SEC. 2208. CONTRACTS.
    (a) Transition Option for Certain Farmers or Ranchers.--Section 
1235(f) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(f)) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``retired farmer or rancher'' and inserting ``contract 
        holder'';
            (B) by striking ``retired or retiring owner or operator'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``contract holder'';
            (C) in subparagraph (A), in the matter preceding clause 
        (i), by striking ``1 year'' and inserting ``2 years'';
            (D) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, including a lease 
        with a term of less than 5 years and an option to purchase'' 
        after ``option to purchase'';
            (E) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (F) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); 
        and
            (G) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
            ``(E) give priority to the enrollment of the land covered 
        by the contract in--
                ``(i) the environmental quality incentives program 
            established under subchapter A of chapter 4;
                ``(ii) the conservation stewardship program established 
            under subchapter B of chapter 4; or
                ``(iii) the agricultural conservation easement program 
            established under subtitle H; and''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``To the extent that the 
        maximum number of acres permitted to be enrolled under the 
        conservation reserve program has not been met, the Secretary''; 
        and
            (B) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A)(i) is carried out on land described in paragraph (4) 
        or (5) of section 1231(b); and
            ``(ii) is eligible for continuous enrollment under section 
        1231(d)(6); and''.
    (b) End of Contract Considerations.--Section 1235(g) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3835(g)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) End of Contract Considerations.--The Secretary shall not 
consider an owner or operator to be in violation of a term or condition 
of the conservation reserve contract if--
        ``(1) during the year prior to expiration of the contract, the 
    owner or operator--
            ``(A)(i) enters into a contract under the environmental 
        quality incentives program established under subchapter A of 
        chapter 4; and
            ``(ii) begins the establishment of a practice under that 
        contract; or
            ``(B)(i) enters into a contract under the conservation 
        stewardship program established under subchapter B of chapter 
        4; and
            ``(ii) begins the establishment of a practice under that 
        contract; or
        ``(2) during the 3 years prior to the expiration of the 
    contract, the owner or operator begins the certification process 
    under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et 
    seq.).''.
SEC. 2209. ELIGIBLE LAND; STATE LAW REQUIREMENTS.
    The Secretary shall revise paragraph (4) of section 1410.6(d) of 
title 7, Code of Federal Regulations, to provide that land enrolled 
under a Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program agreement initially 
established before January 1, 2014 (including an amended or successor 
Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program agreement, as determined by 
the Secretary), shall not be ineligible for enrollment in the 
conservation reserve program established under subchapter B of chapter 
1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) under that paragraph if the Deputy Administrator 
(as defined in section 1410.2(b) of title 7, Code of Federal 
Regulations (or successor regulations)), on recommendation from and in 
consultation with the applicable State technical committee established 
under section 1261(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3861(a)) determines, under such terms and conditions as the Deputy 
Administrator, in consultation with the State technical committee, 
determines to be appropriate, that making that land eligible for 
enrollment in that program is not contrary to the purposes of that 
program.

 Subtitle C--Environmental Quality Incentives Program and Conservation 
                          Stewardship Program

SEC. 2301. REPEAL OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) is amended--
        (1) by striking the chapter designation and heading and 
    inserting the following:

``CHAPTER 4--ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM AND CONSERVATION 
                          STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM

    ``Subchapter A--Environmental Quality Incentives Program''; and

        (2) by inserting after section 1240H the following:

          ``Subchapter B--Conservation Stewardship Program''.

    (b) Conservation Stewardship Program.--Subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3838d et seq.) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating sections 1238D through 1238G as sections 
    1240I through 1240L, respectively; and
        (2) by moving sections 1240I through 1240L (as so redesignated) 
    so as to appear after the subchapter heading for subchapter B of 
    chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of that Act (as added by 
    subsection (a)(2)).
    (c) Repeal.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
    Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838 et seq.) (as amended by 
    subsection (b)) is repealed.
        (2) Termination of conservation stewardship program.--Effective 
    on the date of enactment of this Act, the conservation stewardship 
    program under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII 
    of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in 
    effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act) shall 
    cease to be effective.
        (3) Transitional provisions.--
            (A) Effect on existing contracts and agreements.--The 
        cessation of effectiveness under paragraph (2) shall not 
        affect--
                (i) the validity or terms of any contract entered into 
            by the Secretary under subchapter B of chapter 2 of 
            subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
            (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) before the date of enactment of 
            this Act, or any payments, modifications, or technical 
            assistance required to be made in connection with the 
            contract; or
                (ii) subject to subparagraph (D), any agreement entered 
            into by the Secretary under the regional conservation 
            partnership program under subtitle I of title XII of the 
            Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871 et seq.) on or 
            before September 30, 2018, under which conservation 
            stewardship program acres and associated funding have been 
            allocated to the agreement for the purpose of entering into 
            a contract under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of 
            title XII of that Act (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in 
            effect on the day before the date of enactment of this 
            Act).
            (B) Extension permitted.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), 
        the Secretary may extend for 1 year a contract described in 
        subparagraph (A)(i) if that contract expires on or before 
        December 31, 2019, under the terms and payment rate of the 
        existing contract and in accordance with subchapter B of 
        chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
        of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in effect on the day 
        before the date of enactment of this Act).
            (C) Renewal not permitted.--
                (i) In general.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), and 
            subject to clause (ii), the Secretary may not renew a 
            contract or agreement described in that subparagraph.
                (ii) Exception.--The Secretary may renew a contract 
            described in subparagraph (A)(i)--

                    (I) if that contract expires on or after December 
                31, 2019;
                    (II) under the terms of the conservation 
                stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 4 of 
                subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
                1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) and (b)); and
                    (III) subject to the limitation on funding for that 
                subchapter under section 1241 of the Food Security Act 
                of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841).

            (D) RCPP contracts.--
                (i) Treatment of acreage.--In the case of an agreement 
            described in subparagraph (A)(ii), the Secretary may 
            provide an amount of funding that is equivalent to the 
            value of any acres covered by the agreement.
                (ii) Funds and acres not obligated.--In the case of an 
            agreement described in subparagraph (A)(ii) to which 
            program acres and associated funding have been allocated 
            but not yet obligated to enter into a contract under 
            subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII of the 
            Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in 
            effect on the day before the date of enactment of this 
            Act)--

                    (I) the Secretary shall modify the agreement to 
                authorize the entrance into a contract under subchapter 
                B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
                Security Act of 1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) 
                and (b)); and
                    (II) the funds associated with the conservation 
                stewardship program acres allocated under that 
                agreement, on modification under subclause (I), may be 
                used to enter into conservation stewardship program 
                contracts with producers under subchapter B of chapter 
                4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act 
                of 1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) and (b)).

        (4) Contract administration.--Subject to paragraphs (3)(C) and 
    (3)(D)(ii)(II), the Secretary shall administer each contract and 
    agreement described in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (3)(A) 
    until the expiration of the contract or agreement in accordance 
    with the regulations to carry out the conservation stewardship 
    program under subchapter B of chapter 2 of subtitle D of title XII 
    of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3838d et seq.) (as in 
    effect on the day before the date of enactment of this Act) that 
    are in effect on the day before that date of enactment.
        (5) Funding.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), any funds 
    made available from the Commodity Credit Corporation under section 
    1241(a)(4) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(a)(4)) 
    for fiscal years 2014 through 2018 shall be available to carry 
    out--
            (A) any contract or agreement described in paragraph 
        (3)(A)(i) for fiscal year 2019;
            (B) any contract or agreement described in paragraph 
        (3)(A)(ii);
            (C) any contract extended under paragraph (3)(B); and
            (D) any contract or agreement under subchapter B of chapter 
        4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (as added by subsections (a)(2) and (b)).
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Food security act of 1985.--
            (A) Section 1211(a)(3)(A) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (16 U.S.C. 3811(a)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting ``subchapter 
        A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
            (B) Section 1221(b)(3)(A) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (16 U.S.C. 3821(b)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting ``subchapter 
        A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
            (C) Section 1240J(b)(1) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (as redesignated by subsection (b)(1)) is amended by striking 
        subparagraph (C).
            (D) Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3839aa) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
        by striking ``chapter'' and inserting ``subchapter''.
            (E) Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3839aa-1) is amended by striking ``chapter'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``subchapter''.
            (F) Section 1240B(i)(2)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(i)(2)(B)) is amended by striking 
        ``chapter'' and inserting ``subchapter''.
            (G) Section 1240C(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3839aa-3(b)) is amended in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1) by striking ``chapter'' and inserting 
        ``subchapter''.
            (H) Section 1240E(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
        (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-5(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``chapter'' 
        and inserting ``subchapter''.
            (I) Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3839aa-7) is amended by striking ``chapter'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``subchapter''.
            (J) Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3839aa-8) is amended by striking ``chapter'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``subchapter''.
            (K) Section 1244(c)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3844(c)(3)) is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' 
        before ``chapter 4''.
            (L) Section 1244(l) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
        U.S.C. 3844(l)) is amended--
                (i) by striking ``chapter 2'' and inserting ``chapter 
            4''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``subchapter A of'' after 
            ``incentives program under''.
        (2) Other laws.--
            (A) Section 344(f)(8) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 
        1938 (7 U.S.C. 1344(f)(8)) is amended by inserting ``subchapter 
        A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
            (B) Section 377 of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 
        (7 U.S.C. 1377) is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' 
        before ``chapter 4''.
            (C) Paragraph (1) of the last proviso of the matter under 
        the heading ``conservation reserve program'' under the heading 
        ``Soil Bank Programs'' of title I of the Department of 
        Agriculture and Farm Credit Administration Appropriation Act, 
        1959 (7 U.S.C. 1831a), is amended by inserting ``subchapter A 
        of'' before ``chapter 4''.
            (D) Section 8(b)(1) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic 
        Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)(1)) is amended by inserting 
        ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
            (E) Section 1271(c)(3)(C) of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 2106a(c)(3)(C)) 
        is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 
        4''.
            (F) Section 304(a)(1) of the Lake Champlain Special 
        Designation Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 1270 note; Public Law 101-
        596) is amended by inserting ``subchapter A of'' before 
        ``chapter 4''.
            (G) Section 202(c) of the Colorado River Basin Salinity 
        Control Act (43 U.S.C. 1592(c)) is amended by inserting 
        ``subchapter A of'' before ``chapter 4''.
SEC. 2302. PURPOSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM.
    Section 1240 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa) is 
amended by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
        ``(4) assisting producers to make beneficial, cost-effective 
    changes to production systems, including addressing identified, 
    new, or expected resource concerns related to organic production, 
    grazing management, fuels management, forest management, nutrient 
    management associated with crops and livestock, pest management, 
    irrigation management, adapting to, and mitigating against, 
    increasing weather volatility, drought resiliency measures, or 
    other practices on agricultural and forested land.''.
SEC. 2303. DEFINITIONS UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM.
    Section 1240A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-1) 
is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) as 
    paragraphs (2), (4), (5), (6), and (8), respectively;
        (2) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
        ``(1) Conservation planning assessment.--The term `conservation 
    planning assessment' means a report, as determined by the 
    Secretary, that--
            ``(A) is developed by--
                ``(i) a State or unit of local government (including a 
            conservation district);
                ``(ii) a Federal agency; or
                ``(iii) a third-party provider certified under section 
            1242(e) (including a certified rangeland professional);
            ``(B) assesses rangeland or cropland function and describes 
        conservation activities to enhance the economic and ecological 
        management of that land; and
            ``(C) can be incorporated into a comprehensive planning 
        document required by the Secretary for enrollment in a 
        conservation program of the Department of Agriculture.'';
        (3) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), in subparagraph 
    (B)(vi)--
            (A) by inserting ``environmentally sensitive areas,'' after 
        ``marshes,''; and
            (B) by inserting ``identified or expected'' before 
        ``resource concerns'';
        (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
        ``(3) Incentive practice.--The term `incentive practice' means 
    a practice or set of practices approved by the Secretary that, when 
    implemented and maintained on eligible land, address 1 or more 
    priority resource concerns.'';
        (5) in paragraph (6) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) in clause (iv), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) by redesignating clause (v) as clause (vii); and
                (iii) by inserting after clause (iv) the following:
                ``(v) soil testing;
                ``(vi) soil remediation to be carried out by the 
            producer; and''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                (ii) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (vi); and
                (iii) by inserting after clause (i) the following:
                ``(ii) planning for resource-conserving crop rotations 
            (as defined in section 1240L(d)(1));
                ``(iii) soil health planning, including increasing soil 
            organic matter and the use of cover crops;
                ``(iv) a conservation planning assessment;
                ``(v) precision conservation management planning; 
            and'';
        (6) by inserting after paragraph (6) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
        ``(7) Priority resource concern.--The term `priority resource 
    concern' means a natural resource concern or problem, as determined 
    by the Secretary, that--
            ``(A) is identified at the national, State, or local level 
        as a priority for a particular area of a State; and
            ``(B) represents a significant concern in a State or 
        region.''; and
        (7) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(9) Soil remediation.--The term `soil remediation' means 
    scientifically based practices that--
            ``(A) ensure the safety of producers from contaminants in 
        soil;
            ``(B) limit contaminants in soil from entering agricultural 
        products for human or animal consumption; and
            ``(C) regenerate and sustain the soil.
        ``(10) Soil testing.--The term `soil testing' means the 
    evaluation of soil health, including testing for--
            ``(A) the optimal level of constituents in the soil, such 
        as organic matter, nutrients, and the potential presence of 
        soil contaminants, including heavy metals, volatile organic 
        compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or other 
        contaminants; and
            ``(B) the biological and physical characteristics 
        indicative of proper soil functioning.''.
SEC. 2304. ESTABLISHMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 
INCENTIVES PROGRAM.
    (a) Establishment.--Section 1240B(a) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(a)) is amended by striking ``2019'' and 
inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Payments.--Section 1240B(d) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(d)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (4)(B)--
            (A) in clause (i)--
                (i) by striking ``Not more than'' and inserting ``On an 
            election by a producer described in subparagraph (A), the 
            Secretary shall provide at least'';
                (ii) by striking ``may be provided''; and
                (iii) by striking ``the purpose of'' and inserting 
            ``all costs related to''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iii) Notification and documentation.--The Secretary 
            shall--

                    ``(I) notify each producer described in 
                subparagraph (A), at the time of enrollment in the 
                program, of the option to receive advance payments 
                under clause (i); and
                    ``(II) document the election of each producer 
                described in subparagraph (A) to receive advance 
                payments under clause (i) with respect to each practice 
                that has costs described in that clause.''; and

        (2) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(7) Increased payments for high-priority practices.--
            ``(A) State determination.--Each State, in consultation 
        with the State technical committee established under section 
        1261(a) for the State, may designate not more than 10 practices 
        to be eligible for increased payments under subparagraph (B), 
        on the condition that the practice, as determined by the 
        Secretary--
                ``(i) addresses specific causes of impairment relating 
            to excessive nutrients in groundwater or surface water;
                ``(ii) addresses the conservation of water to advance 
            drought mitigation and declining aquifers;
                ``(iii) meets other environmental priorities and other 
            priority resource concerns identified in habitat or other 
            area restoration plans; or
                ``(iv) is geographically targeted to address a natural 
            resource concern in a specific watershed.
            ``(B) Increased payments.--Notwithstanding paragraph (2), 
        in the case of a practice designated under subparagraph (A), 
        the Secretary may increase the amount that would otherwise be 
        provided for a practice under this subsection to not more than 
        90 percent of the costs associated with planning, design, 
        materials, equipment, installation, labor, management, 
        maintenance, or training.''.
    (c) Allocation of Funding.--Section 1240B(f) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(f)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
        through 2023'';
            (B) by striking ``60'' and inserting ``50''; and
            (C) by striking ``production.'' and inserting ``production, 
        including grazing management practices.''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``For each'' and inserting the following:
            ``(A) Fiscal years 2014 through 2018.--For each''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Fiscal years 2019 through 2023.--For each of fiscal 
        years 2019 through 2023, at least 10 percent of the funds made 
        available for payments under the program shall be targeted at 
        practices benefitting wildlife habitat under subsection (g).''.
    (d) Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program.--Section 1240B(g) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(g)) is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
        ``(3) Maximum term.--In the case of a contract under the 
    program entered into solely for the establishment of 1 or more 
    annual management practices for the benefit of wildlife as 
    described in paragraph (1), notwithstanding any maximum contract 
    term established by the Secretary, the contract shall have a term 
    that does not exceed 10 years.
        ``(4) Included practices.--For the purpose of providing 
    seasonal wetland habitat for waterfowl and migratory birds, a 
    practice that is eligible for payment under paragraph (1) and 
    targeted for funding under subsection (f) may include--
            ``(A) a practice to carry out postharvest flooding; or
            ``(B) a practice to maintain the hydrology of temporary and 
        seasonal wetlands of not more than 2 acres to maintain 
        waterfowl and migratory bird habitat on working cropland.''.
    (e) Water Conservation or Irrigation Efficiency Practice.--Section 
1240B(h) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2(h)) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Availability of payments.--The Secretary may provide 
    water conservation and system efficiency payments under this 
    subsection to an entity described in paragraph (2) or a producer 
    for--
            ``(A) water conservation scheduling, water distribution 
        efficiency, soil moisture monitoring, or an appropriate 
        combination thereof;
            ``(B) irrigation-related structural or other measures that 
        conserve surface water or groundwater, including managed 
        aquifer recovery practices; or
            ``(C) a transition to water-conserving crops, water-
        conserving crop rotations, or deficit irrigation.'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) Eligibility of certain entities.--
            ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 1001(f)(6), the 
        Secretary may enter into a contract under this subsection with 
        a State, irrigation district, groundwater management district, 
        acequia, land-grant mercedes, or similar entity under a 
        streamlined contracting process to implement water conservation 
        or irrigation practices under a watershed-wide project that 
        will effectively conserve water, provide fish and wildlife 
        habitat, or provide for drought-related environmental 
        mitigation, as determined by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Implementation.--Water conservation or irrigation 
        practices that are the subject of a contract entered into under 
        subparagraph (A) shall be implemented on--
                ``(i) eligible land of a producer; or
                ``(ii) land that is--

                    ``(I) under the control of an irrigation district, 
                groundwater management district, acequia, land-grant 
                mercedes, or similar entity; and
                    ``(II) adjacent to eligible land described in 
                clause (i), as determined by the Secretary.

            ``(C) Waiver authority.--The Secretary may waive the 
        applicability of the limitations in section 1001D(b) or section 
        1240G for a payment made under a contract entered into under 
        this paragraph if the Secretary determines that the waiver is 
        necessary to fulfill the objectives of the project.
            ``(D) Contract limitations.--If the Secretary grants a 
        waiver under subparagraph (C), the Secretary may impose a 
        separate payment limitation for the contract with respect to 
        which the waiver applies.'';
        (4) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``to a producer'' and inserting ``under this subsection'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the eligible land of 
        the producer is located, there is a reduction in water use in 
        the operation of the producer'' and inserting ``the land on 
        which the practices will be implemented is located, there is a 
        reduction in water use in the operation on that land''; and
            (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``except in the case 
        of an application under paragraph (2),'' before ``the producer 
        agrees''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Effect.--Nothing in this subsection authorizes the 
    Secretary to modify the process for determining the annual 
    allocation of funding to States under the program.''.
    (f) Payments for Conservation Practices Related to Organic 
Production.--Section 1240B(i)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3839aa-2(i)(3)) is amended--
        (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``Payments'' and 
    inserting the following:
            ``(A) In general.--Payments'';
        (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``In applying these 
    limitations'' and inserting the following:
            ``(B) Technical assistance.--In applying the limitations 
        under subparagraph (A)''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated)--
            (A) by striking ``aggregate, $20,000 per year or $80,000 
        during any 6-year period.'' and inserting the following: 
        ``aggregate--
                ``(i) through fiscal year 2018--

                    ``(I) $20,000 per year; or
                    ``(II) $80,000 during any 6-year period; and''; and

            (B) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ii) during the period of fiscal years 2019 through 
            2023, $140,000.''.
    (g) Conservation Incentive Contracts.--Section 1240B of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-2) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(j) Conservation Incentive Contracts.--
        ``(1) Identification of eligible priority resource concerns for 
    states.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
        applicable State technical committee established under section 
        1261(a), shall identify watersheds (or other appropriate 
        regions or areas within a State) and the corresponding priority 
        resource concerns for those watersheds or other regions or 
        areas that are eligible to be the subject of an incentive 
        contract under this subsection.
            ``(B) Limitation.--For each of the relevant land uses 
        within the watersheds, regions, or other areas identified under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall identify not more than 3 
        eligible priority resource concerns.
        ``(2) Contracts.--
            ``(A) Authority.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall enter into 
            contracts with producers under this subsection that require 
            the implementation, adoption, management, and maintenance 
            of incentive practices that effectively address at least 1 
            eligible priority resource concern identified under 
            paragraph (1) for the term of the contract.
                ``(ii) Inclusions.--Through a contract entered into 
            under clause (i), the Secretary may provide--

                    ``(I) funding, through annual payments, for certain 
                incentive practices to attain increased levels of 
                conservation on eligible land; or
                    ``(II) assistance, through a practice payment, to 
                implement an incentive practice.

            ``(B) Term.--A contract under this subsection shall have a 
        term of not less than 5, and not more than 10, years.
            ``(C) Prioritization.--Notwithstanding section 1240C, the 
        Secretary shall develop criteria for evaluating incentive 
        practice applications that--
                ``(i) give priority to applications that address 
            eligible priority resource concerns identified under 
            paragraph (1); and
                ``(ii) evaluate applications relative to other 
            applications for similar agriculture and forest operations.
        ``(3) Incentive practice payments.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide payments to 
        producers through contracts entered into under paragraph (2) 
        for--
                ``(i) adopting and installing incentive practices; and
                ``(ii) managing, maintaining, and improving the 
            incentive practices for the duration of the contract, as 
            determined appropriate by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Payment amounts.--In determining the amount of 
        payments under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider, 
        to the extent practicable--
                ``(i) the level and extent of the incentive practice to 
            be installed, adopted, completed, maintained, managed, or 
            improved;
                ``(ii) the cost of the installation, adoption, 
            completion, management, maintenance, or improvement of the 
            incentive practice;
                ``(iii) income foregone by the producer, including 
            payments, as appropriate, to address--

                    ``(I) increased economic risk;
                    ``(II) loss in revenue due to anticipated 
                reductions in yield; and
                    ``(III) economic losses during transition to a 
                resource-conserving cropping system or resource-
                conserving land use; and

                ``(iv) the extent to which compensation would ensure 
            long-term continued maintenance, management, and 
            improvement of the incentive practice.
            ``(C) Delivery of payments.--In making payments under 
        subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall, to the extent 
        practicable--
                ``(i) in the case of annual payments under paragraph 
            (2)(A)(ii)(I), make those payments as soon as practicable 
            after October 1 of each fiscal year for which increased 
            levels of conservation are maintained during the term of 
            the contract; and
                ``(ii) in the case of practice payments under paragraph 
            (2)(A)(ii)(II), make those payments as soon as practicable 
            on the implementation of an incentive practice.''.
SEC. 2305. ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INCENTIVES PROGRAM PLAN.
    Section 1240E(a)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-5(a)(3)) is amended by inserting ``progressive'' before 
``implementation''.
SEC. 2306. LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 
INCENTIVES PROGRAM.
    Section 1240G of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-7) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``A person'' and inserting ``Not including 
    payments made under section 1240B(j), a person''; and
        (2) by inserting ``or the period of fiscal years 2019 through 
    2023,'' after ``2018,''.
SEC. 2307. CONSERVATION INNOVATION GRANTS AND PAYMENTS.
    (a) Competitive Grants for Innovative Conservation Approaches.--
Section 1240H(a)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-
8(a)(2)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``program;'' and inserting 
    ``program or community colleges (as defined in section 1473E(a) of 
    the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy 
    Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319e(a))) carrying out demonstration 
    projects on land of the community college;'';
        (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs 
    (G) and (H), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
            ``(E) partner with farmers to develop innovative practices 
        for urban, indoor, or other emerging agricultural operations;
            ``(F) utilize edge-of-field and other monitoring practices 
        on farms--
                ``(i) to quantify the impacts of practices implemented 
            under the program; and
                ``(ii) to assist producers in making the best 
            conservation investments for the operations of the 
            producers;''.
    (b) Air Quality Concerns From Agricultural Operations.--Section 
1240H(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa-8(b)(2)) 
is amended by striking ``$25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 
through 2018'' and inserting ``$37,500,000 for each of fiscal years 
2019 through 2023''.
    (c) On-Farm Conservation Innovation Trials; Reporting and 
Database.--Section 1240H of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3839aa-8) is amended by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(c) On-Farm Conservation Innovation Trials.--
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            ``(A) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means, 
        as determined by the Secretary--
                ``(i) a third-party private entity the primary business 
            of which is related to agriculture;
                ``(ii) a nongovernmental organization with experience 
            working with agricultural producers; or
                ``(iii) a governmental organization.
            ``(B) New or innovative conservation approach.--The term 
        `new or innovative conservation approach' means--
                ``(i) new or innovative--

                    ``(I) precision agriculture technologies;
                    ``(II) enhanced nutrient management plans, nutrient 
                recovery systems, and fertilization systems;
                    ``(III) soil health management systems, including 
                systems to increase soil carbon levels;
                    ``(IV) water management systems;
                    ``(V) resource-conserving crop rotations (as 
                defined in section 1240L(d)(1));
                    ``(VI) cover crops; and
                    ``(VII) irrigation systems; and

                ``(ii) any other conservation approach approved by the 
            Secretary as new or innovative.
        ``(2) Testing new or innovative conservation approaches.--Using 
    $25,000,000 of the funds made available to carry out this 
    subchapter for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, the 
    Secretary shall carry out on-farm conservation innovation trials, 
    on eligible land of producers, to test new or innovative 
    conservation approaches--
            ``(A) directly with producers; or
            ``(B) through eligible entities.
        ``(3) Incentive payments.--
            ``(A) Agreements.--In carrying out paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary shall enter into agreements with producers (either 
        directly or through eligible entities) on whose land an on-farm 
        conservation innovation trial is being carried out to provide 
        payments (including payments to compensate for foregone income, 
        as appropriate to address the increased economic risk 
        potentially associated with new or innovative conservation 
        approaches) to the producers to assist with adopting and 
        evaluating new or innovative conservation approaches to achieve 
        conservation benefits.
            ``(B) Adjusted gross income requirements.--
                ``(i) In general.--Adjusted gross income requirements 
            under section 1001D(b)(1) shall--

                    ``(I) apply to producers receiving payments under 
                this subsection; and
                    ``(II) be enforced by the Secretary.

                ``(ii) Reporting.--An eligible entity participating in 
            an on-farm conservation innovation trial under this 
            subsection shall report annually to the Secretary on the 
            amount of payments made to individual farm operations under 
            this subsection.
            ``(C) Limitation on administrative expenses.--None of the 
        funds made available to carry out this subsection may be used 
        to pay for the administrative expenses of an eligible entity.
            ``(D) Length of agreements.--An agreement entered into 
        under subparagraph (A) shall be for a period determined by the 
        Secretary that is--
                ``(i) not less than 3 years; and
                ``(ii) if appropriate, more than 3 years, including if 
            such a period is appropriate to support--

                    ``(I) adaptive management over multiple crop years; 
                and
                    ``(II) adequate data collection and analysis by a 
                producer or eligible entity to report the natural 
                resource and agricultural production benefits of the 
                new or innovative conservation approaches to the 
                Secretary.

        ``(4) Flexible adoption.--The scale of adoption of a new or 
    innovative conservation approach under an on-farm conservation 
    innovation trial under an agreement under paragraph (2) may include 
    multiple scales on an operation, including whole farm, field-level, 
    or sub-field scales.
        ``(5) Technical assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
    technical assistance--
            ``(A) to each producer or eligible entity participating in 
        an on-farm conservation innovation trial under paragraph (2) 
        with respect to the design, installation, and management of the 
        new or innovative conservation approaches; and
            ``(B) to each eligible entity participating in an on-farm 
        conservation innovation trial under paragraph (2) with respect 
        to data analyses of the on-farm conservation innovation trial.
        ``(6) Geographic scope.--The Secretary shall identify a 
    diversity of geographic regions of the United States in which to 
    establish on-farm conservation innovation trials under paragraph 
    (2), taking into account factors such as soil type, cropping 
    history, and water availability.
        ``(7) Soil health demonstration trial.--Using funds made 
    available to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall carry 
    out a soil health demonstration trial under which the Secretary 
    coordinates with eligible entities--
            ``(A) to provide incentives to producers to implement 
        conservation practices that--
                ``(i) improve soil health;
                ``(ii) increase carbon levels in the soil; or
                ``(iii) meet the goals described in clauses (i) and 
            (ii);
            ``(B) to establish protocols for measuring carbon levels in 
        the soil and testing carbon levels on land where conservation 
        practices described in subparagraph (A) were applied to 
        evaluate gains in soil health as a result of the practices 
        implemented by the producers in the soil health demonstration 
        trial; and
            ``(C)(i) not later than September 30, 2020, to initiate a 
        study regarding changes in soil health and, if feasible, 
        economic outcomes, generated as a result of the conservation 
        practices described in subparagraph (A) that were applied by 
        producers through the soil health demonstration trial; and
            ``(ii) to submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate annual reports on the 
        progress and results of the study under clause (i).
    ``(d) Reporting and Database.--
        ``(1) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2019, and 
    every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
    Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
    report on the status of activities funded under this section, 
    including--
            ``(A) funding awarded;
            ``(B) results of the activities, including, if feasible, 
        economic outcomes;
            ``(C) incorporation of findings from the activities, such 
        as new technology and innovative approaches, into the 
        conservation efforts implemented by the Secretary; and
            ``(D) on completion of the study required under subsection 
        (c)(7)(C), the findings of the study.
        ``(2) Conservation practice database.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall use the data 
        reported under paragraph (1) to establish and maintain a 
        publicly available conservation practice database that 
        provides--
                ``(i) a compilation and analysis of effective 
            conservation practices for soil health, nutrient 
            management, and source water protection in varying soil 
            compositions, cropping systems, slopes, and landscapes; and
                ``(ii) a list of recommended new and effective 
            conservation practices.
            ``(B) Privacy.--Information provided under subparagraph (A) 
        shall be transformed into a statistical or aggregate form so as 
        to not include any identifiable or personal information of 
        individual producers.''.
SEC. 2308. CONSERVATION STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM.
    (a) Definitions.--Section 1240I of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)(B)--
            (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iii) development of a comprehensive conservation 
            plan, as defined in section 1240L(e)(1);
                ``(iv) soil health planning, including planning to 
            increase soil organic matter; and
                ``(v) activities that will assist a producer to adapt 
            to, or mitigate against, increasing weather volatility.''; 
            and
        (2) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting the following: ``through the use of--
            ``(A) quality criteria under a resource management system;
            ``(B) predictive analytics tools or models developed or 
        approved by the Natural Resources Conservation Service;
            ``(C) data from past and current enrollment in the program; 
        and
            ``(D) other methods that measure conservation and 
        improvement in priority resource concerns, as determined by the 
        Secretary.''.
    (b) Conservation Stewardship Program.--
        (1) Establishment.--Subsection (a) of section 1240J of the Food 
    Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is 
    amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``2014 
    through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 through 2023''.
        (2) Exclusions.--Subsection (b)(2) of section 1240J of the Food 
    Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is 
    amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by striking ``the 
    Agricultural Act of 2014'' and inserting the ``Agriculture 
    Improvement Act of 2018''.
    (c) Stewardship Contracts.--Section 1240K of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(1) Ranking of applications.--
            ``(A) In general.--In evaluating contract offers submitted 
        under subsection (a) and contract renewals under subsection 
        (e), the Secretary shall rank applications based on--
                ``(i) the natural resource conservation and 
            environmental benefits that result from the conservation 
            treatment on all applicable priority resource concerns at 
            the time of submission of the application;
                ``(ii) the degree to which the proposed conservation 
            activities increase natural resource conservation and 
            environmental benefits; and
                ``(iii) other consistent criteria, as determined by the 
            Secretary.
            ``(B) Additional criterion.--If 2 or more applications 
        receive the same ranking under subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
        shall rank those contracts based on the extent to which the 
        actual and anticipated conservation benefits from each contract 
        are provided at the lowest cost relative to other similarly 
        beneficial contract offers.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking ``the program under subsection (a)'' and 
        inserting ``a contract or contract renewal under this 
        section'';
            (B) by inserting ``or contract renewal'' before ``offer 
        ranks'';
            (C) by inserting ``or contract renewal'' after 
        ``stewardship contract''; and
            (D) by adding ``or contract renewal'' before the period at 
        the end;
        (3) in subsection (d)(2)(A), by striking ``1238G(d)'' and 
    inserting ``1240L(c)''; and
        (4) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``At 
        the end'' and all that follows through ``period'' the second 
        place it appears and inserting the following: ``The Secretary 
        may provide the producer an opportunity to renew an existing 
        contract in the first half of the fifth year of the contract 
        period'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``initial'' and inserting 
        ``existing'';
            (C) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by inserting ``new or improved'' after 
            ``integrate''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``demonstrating continued improvement 
            during the additional 5-year period,'' after 
            ``operation,''; and
            (D) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``to exceed the 
        stewardship threshold of'' and inserting ``to adopt or improve 
        conservation activities, as determined by the Secretary, to 
        achieve higher levels of performance with respect to not less 
        than''.
    (d) Duties of Secretary.--Section 1240L of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (as redesignated by section 2301(b)) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by striking ``acres'' and inserting ``funding'';
        (2) by striking subsection (c);
        (3) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (c) 
    and (d), respectively;
        (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated), by adding at the 
    end the following:
        ``(5) Payment for cover crop activities.--The amount of a 
    payment under this subsection for cover crop activities shall be 
    not less than 125 percent of the annual payment amount determined 
    by the Secretary under paragraph (2).'';
        (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and Advanced 
        Grazing Management'' after ``Rotations'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (2);
            (C) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (2) and (1), respectively, and moving the paragraphs so as to 
        appear in numerical order;
            (D) in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated)--
                (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (D) and 
            (E) as clauses (i) through (iv) and (vi), respectively, and 
            indenting appropriately;
                (ii) by striking the paragraph designation and all that 
            follows through ``the term'' in the matter preceding clause 
            (i) (as so redesignated) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            ``(A) Advanced grazing management.--The term `advanced 
        grazing management' means the use of a combination of grazing 
        practices (as determined by the Secretary), which may include 
        management-intensive rotational grazing, that provide for--
                ``(i) improved soil health and carbon sequestration;
                ``(ii) drought resilience;
                ``(iii) wildlife habitat;
                ``(iv) wildfire mitigation;
                ``(v) control of invasive plants; and
                ``(vi) water quality improvement.
            ``(B) Management-intensive rotational grazing.--The term 
        `management-intensive rotational grazing' means a strategic, 
        adaptively managed multipasture grazing system in which animals 
        are regularly and systematically moved to fresh pasture in a 
        manner that--
                ``(i) maximizes the quantity and quality of forage 
            growth;
                ``(ii) improves manure distribution and nutrient 
            cycling;
                ``(iii) increases carbon sequestration from greater 
            forage harvest;
                ``(iv) improves the quality and quantity of cover for 
            wildlife;
                ``(v) provides permanent cover to protect the soil from 
            erosion; and
                ``(vi) improves water quality.
            ``(C) Resource-conserving crop rotation.--The term''; and
                (iii) in subparagraph (C) (as so designated)--

                    (I) in clause (iv) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``and'' at the end; and
                    (II) by inserting after clause (iv) (as so 
                redesignated) the following:

                ``(v) builds soil organic matter; and'';
            (E) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``improve resource-conserving'' and all that follows through 
        the period at the end and inserting the following: ``improve, 
        manage, and maintain--
            ``(A) resource-conserving crop rotations; or
            ``(B) advanced grazing management.'';
            (F) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting 
            ``paragraph (2)''; and
                (ii) by striking ``and maintain'' and all that follows 
            through the period at the end and inserting ``or improve, 
            manage, and maintain resource-conserving crop rotations or 
            advanced grazing management for the term of the 
            contract.''; and
            (G) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Amount of payment.--An additional payment provided under 
    paragraph (2) shall be not less than 150 percent of the annual 
    payment amount determined by the Secretary under subsection 
    (c)(2).'';
        (6) by inserting after subsection (d) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
    ``(e) Payment for Comprehensive Conservation Plan.--
        ``(1) Definition of comprehensive conservation plan.--In this 
    subsection, the term `comprehensive conservation plan' means a 
    conservation plan that meets or exceeds the stewardship threshold 
    for each priority resource concern identified by the Secretary 
    under subsection (a)(2).
        ``(2) Payment for comprehensive conservation plan.--The 
    Secretary shall provide a 1-time payment to a producer that 
    develops a comprehensive conservation plan.
        ``(3) Amount of payment.--The Secretary shall determine the 
    amount of payment under paragraph (2) based on--
            ``(A) the number of priority resource concerns addressed in 
        the comprehensive conservation plan; and
            ``(B) the number of types of land uses included in the 
        comprehensive conservation plan.'';
        (7) in subsection (f), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
    inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
        (8) in subsection (h)--
            (A) by striking the subsection designation and heading and 
        all that follows through ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(h) Organic Certification.--
        ``(1) Coordination.--The Secretary''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Allocation.--
            ``(A) In general.--Using funds made available for the 
        program for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, the 
        Secretary shall allocate funding to States to support organic 
        production and transition to organic production through 
        paragraph (1).
            ``(B) Determination.--The Secretary shall determine the 
        allocation to a State under subparagraph (A) based on--
                ``(i) the number of certified and transitioning organic 
            operations within the State; and
                ``(ii) the number of acres of certified and 
            transitioning organic production within the State.''; and
        (9) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Streamlining and Coordination.--To the maximum extent 
feasible, the Secretary shall provide for streamlined and coordinated 
procedures for the program and the environmental quality incentives 
program under subchapter A, including applications, contracting, 
conservation planning, conservation practices, and related 
administrative procedures.
    ``(k) Soil Health.--To the maximum extent feasible, the Secretary 
shall manage the program to enhance soil health.
    ``(l) Annual Report.--Each fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a 
report describing the payment rates for conservation activities offered 
to producers under the program and an analysis of whether payment rates 
can be reduced for the most expensive conservation activities.''.
SEC. 2309. GRASSLAND CONSERVATION INITIATIVE.
    Subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) and (b) of section 
2301) is amended by adding at the end the following:
``SEC. 1240L-1. GRASSLAND CONSERVATION INITIATIVE.
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Eligible land.--Notwithstanding sections 1240I(4) and 
    1240J(b)(2), the term `eligible land' means cropland on a farm for 
    which base acres have been maintained by the Secretary under 
    section 1112(d)(3) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 
    9012(d)(3)).
        ``(2) Initiative.--The term `initiative' means the grassland 
    conservation initiative established under subsection (b).
    ``(b) Establishment and Purpose.--The Secretary shall establish 
within the program a grassland conservation initiative for the purpose 
of assisting producers in protecting grazing uses, conserving and 
improving soil, water, and wildlife resources, and achieving related 
conservation values by conserving eligible land through grassland 
conservation contracts under subsection (e).
    ``(c) Election.--Beginning in fiscal year 2019, the Secretary shall 
provide a 1-time election to enroll eligible land in the initiative 
under a contract described in subsection (e).
    ``(d) Method of Enrollment.--The Secretary shall--
        ``(1) notwithstanding subsection (b) of section 1240K, 
    determine under subsection (c) of that section that eligible land 
    ranks sufficiently high under the evaluation criteria described in 
    subsection (b) of that section; and
        ``(2) enroll the eligible land in the initiative under a 
    contract described in subsection (e).
    ``(e) Grassland Conservation Contract.--
        ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding section 1240K(a)(1), to 
    enroll eligible land in the initiative under a grassland 
    conservation contract, a producer shall agree--
            ``(A) to meet or exceed the stewardship threshold for not 
        less than 1 priority resource concern by the date on which the 
        contract expires; and
            ``(B) to comply with the terms and conditions of the 
        contract.
        ``(2) Terms.--A grassland conservation contract entered into 
    under this section shall--
            ``(A)(i) be for a single 5-year term; and
            ``(ii) not be subject to renewal or reenrollment under 
        section 1240K(e); and
            ``(B) be subject to section 1240K(d).
        ``(3) Early termination.--The Secretary shall allow a producer 
    that enters into a grassland conservation contract under this 
    section--
            ``(A) to terminate the contract at any time; and
            ``(B) to retain payments already received under the 
        contract.
    ``(f) Grassland Conservation Plan.--The grassland conservation plan 
developed for eligible land shall be limited to--
        ``(1) eligible land; and
        ``(2) resource concerns and activities relating to grassland.
    ``(g) Payments.--
        ``(1) In general.--Beginning in fiscal year 2019, of the funds 
    made available for this subchapter under section 1241(a)(3)(B), and 
    notwithstanding any payment under title I of the Agriculture 
    Improvement Act of 2018, an amendment made by that title, or 
    section 1240L(c), the Secretary shall make annual grassland 
    conservation contract payments to the producer of any eligible land 
    that is the subject of a grassland conservation contract under this 
    section.
        ``(2) Payment noneligibility.--A grassland conservation 
    contract under this section shall not be--
            ``(A) eligible for payments under section 1240L(d); or
            ``(B) subject to the payment limitations under this 
        subchapter.
        ``(3) Limitation.--The amount of an annual payment under this 
    subsection shall be $18 per acre, not to exceed the number of base 
    acres on a farm.
    ``(h) Considered Planted.--The Secretary shall consider land 
enrolled under a grassland conservation contract under this section 
during a crop year to be planted or considered planted to a covered 
commodity (as defined in section 1111 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 
(7 U.S.C. 9011)) during that crop year.
    ``(i) Other Contracts.--A producer with an agricultural operation 
that contains land eligible under this section and land eligible under 
section 1240K--
        ``(1) may enroll the land eligible under this section through a 
    contract under this section or under section 1240K; and
        ``(2) shall not be prohibited from enrolling the land eligible 
    under section 1240K through a contract under section 1240K.''.

                Subtitle D--Other Conservation Programs

SEC. 2401. WATERSHED PROTECTION AND FLOOD PREVENTION.
    (a) Assistance to Local Organizations.--Section 3 of the Watershed 
Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1003) is amended--
        (1) by striking the section designation and all that follows 
    through ``In order to assist'' and inserting the following:
``SEC. 3. ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS.
    ``(a) In General.--In order to assist''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the watershed plan for works 
of improvement if the Secretary determines that--
        ``(1) the watershed plan is unnecessary or duplicative; and
        ``(2) the works of improvement are otherwise consistent with 
    applicable requirements under section 4.''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 14(h)(2)(E) of the 
Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1012(h)(2)(E)) 
is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Funds of Commodity Credit Corporation.--The Watershed 
Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
  ``SEC. 15. FUNDING.
    ``In addition to any other funds made available by this Act, of the 
funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall make 
available to carry out this Act $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and 
each fiscal year thereafter.''.
SEC. 2402. SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION.
    The Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act of 1977 (16 U.S.C. 
2001 et seq.) is amended--
        (1) in section 5(e) (16 U.S.C. 2004(e)), by striking ``and 
    December 31, 2015'' and inserting ``December 31, 2015, and December 
    31, 2022'';
        (2) in section 6(d) (16 U.S.C. 2005(d)), by striking ``, 
    respectively'' and inserting ``, and a program update shall be 
    completed by December 31, 2023'';
        (3) in section 7 (16 U.S.C. 2006)--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``and 2016'' and 
        inserting ``, 2016, and 2022''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``and 2017'' and inserting ``, 2017, and 
        2023''; and
        (4) in section 10 (16 U.S.C. 2009), by striking ``2018'' and 
    inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 2403. EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Repair or Replacement of Fencing.--
        (1) In general.--Section 401 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 
    1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201) is amended--
            (A) by inserting ``wildfires,'' after ``hurricanes,'';
            (B) by striking the section designation and all that 
        follows through ``The Secretary of Agriculture'' and inserting 
        the following:
    ``SEC. 401. EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in 
this title as the `Secretary')''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Repair or Replacement of Fencing.--
        ``(1) In general.--With respect to a payment to an agricultural 
    producer under subsection (a) for the repair or replacement of 
    fencing, the Secretary shall give the agricultural producer the 
    option of receiving not more than 25 percent of the payment, 
    determined by the Secretary based on the applicable percentage of 
    the fair market value of the cost of the repair or replacement, 
    before the agricultural producer carries out the repair or 
    replacement.
        ``(2) Return of funds.--If the funds provided under paragraph 
    (1) are not expended by the end of the 60-day period beginning on 
    the date on which the agricultural producer receives those funds, 
    the funds shall be returned within a reasonable timeframe, as 
    determined by the Secretary.''.
        (2) Conforming amendments.--
            (A) Sections 402, 403, 404, and 405 of the Agricultural 
        Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2202, 2203, 2204, 2205) are 
        amended by striking ``Secretary of Agriculture'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``Secretary''.
            (B) Section 407(a) of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1978 
        (16 U.S.C. 2206(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (4).
    (b) Cost Share Payments.--Title IV of the Agricultural Credit Act 
of 1978 is amended by inserting after section 402 (16 U.S.C. 2202) the 
following:
``SEC. 402A. COST-SHARE REQUIREMENT.
    ``(a) Cost-share Rate.--Subject to subsections (b) and (c), the 
maximum cost-share payment under sections 401 and 402 shall not exceed 
75 percent of the total allowable cost, as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(b) Exception.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), a payment to a 
limited resource farmer or rancher, a socially disadvantaged farmer or 
rancher (as defined in subsection (a) of section 2501 of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279), or a 
beginning farmer or rancher under section 401 or 402 shall not exceed 
90 percent of the total allowable cost, as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(c) Limitation.--The total payment under sections 401 and 402 for 
a single event may not exceed 50 percent of the agriculture value of 
the land, as determined by the Secretary.''.
    (c) Payment Limitations.--Title IV of the Agricultural Credit Act 
of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 
402A (as added by subsection (b)) the following:
``SEC. 402B. PAYMENT LIMITATION.
    ``The maximum payment made under the emergency conservation program 
to an agricultural producer under sections 401 and 402 shall not exceed 
$500,000.''.
    (d) Watershed Protection Program.--Section 403 of the Agricultural 
Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2203) is amended--
        (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``emergency 
    watershed program''; and
        (2) in subsection (a), by inserting ``watershed protection'' 
    after ``emergency''.
    (e) Funding and Administration.--Section 404 of the Agricultural 
Credit Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2204) is amended--
        (1) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The Corporation'' and 
    inserting the following:
    ``(d) Limitation.--The Commodity Credit Corporation'';
        (2) in the third sentence (as amended by subsection (a)(2)(A)), 
    by striking ``In implementing the provisions of'' and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(c) Use of Commodity Credit Corporation.--In implementing'';
        (3) by striking the second sentence;
        (4) by striking the section designation and all that follows 
    through ``There are authorized'' in the first sentence and 
    inserting the following:
    ``SEC. 404. FUNDING AND ADMINISTRATION.
    ``(a) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized'';
        (5) in subsection (a) (as so designated), by inserting ``, to 
    remain available until expended'' before the period at the end; and
        (6) by inserting after subsection (a) (as so designated) the 
    following:
    ``(b) Set-aside for Fencing.--Of the amounts made available under 
subsection (a) for a fiscal year, 25 percent shall be set aside until 
April 1 of that fiscal year for the repair or replacement of 
fencing.''.
SEC. 2404. CONSERVATION OF PRIVATE GRAZING LAND.
    Section 1240M of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(2), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Partnerships.--In carrying out the program under this 
        section, the Secretary shall provide education and outreach 
        activities through partnerships with--
                ``(i) land-grant colleges and universities (as defined 
            in section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
            Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
            3103)); and
                ``(ii) nongovernmental organizations.''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''.
SEC. 2405. GRASSROOTS SOURCE WATER PROTECTION PROGRAM.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 1240O(b)(1) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)(1)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1240O(b) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-2(b)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
        ``(3) Additional funding.--In addition to any other funds made 
    available under this subsection, of the funds of the Commodity 
    Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use $5,000,000 beginning in 
    fiscal year 2019, to remain available until expended.''.
SEC. 2406. VOLUNTARY PUBLIC ACCESS AND HABITAT INCENTIVE PROGRAM.
    Section 1240R of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-5) 
is amended--
        (1) in subsections (a) and (c), by striking ``grants'' each 
    place it appears and inserting ``funding'';
        (2) in subsections (b) and (d)(2), by striking ``a grant'' each 
    place it appears and inserting ``funding'';
        (3) in subsection (c)(3) (as amended by section 2202(b)(1)), by 
    inserting ``or on land covered by a wetland reserve easement under 
    section 1265C'' before ``by providing''; and
        (4) in subsection (f)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``2012 and'' and inserting ``2012,''; 
            and
                (ii) by inserting ``, and $50,000,000 for the period of 
            fiscal years 2019 through 2023'' before the period at the 
            end;
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) Enhanced public access to wetland reserve easements.--To 
    the maximum extent practicable, of the funds made available under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall use $3,000,000 for the period of 
    fiscal years 2019 through 2023 to encourage public access to land 
    covered by wetland reserve easements under section 1265C through 
    agreements with States and tribal governments under this 
    section.''.
SEC. 2407. WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior 
shall continue to carry out the Working Lands for Wildlife model of 
conservation on working landscapes, as implemented on the day before 
the date of enactment of this Act, in accordance with--
        (1) the document entitled ``Partnership Agreement Between the 
    United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources 
    Conservation Service and the United States Department of the 
    Interior Fish and Wildlife Service'', numbered A-3A7516-937, and 
    formalized by the Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation 
    Service on September 15, 2016, and by the Director of the United 
    States Fish and Wildlife Service on August 4, 2016, as in effect on 
    September 15, 2016; and
        (2) United States Fish and Wildlife Service Director's Order 
    No. 217, dated August 9, 2016, as in effect on August 9, 2016.
    (b) Expansion of Model.--The Secretary and the Secretary of the 
Interior may expand the conservation model described in subsection (a) 
through a new partnership agreement between the Farm Service Agency and 
the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for the purpose of carrying 
out conservation activities for species conservation.
    (c) Extension of Period of Regulatory Predictability.--
        (1) Definition of period of regulatory predictability.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``period of regulatory predictability'' means 
    the period of regulatory predictability under the Endangered 
    Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) initially determined 
    in accordance with the document and order described in paragraphs 
    (1) and (2), respectively, of subsection (a).
        (2) Extension.--After the period of regulatory predictability, 
    on request of the Secretary, the Secretary of the Interior, acting 
    through the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife 
    Service, may provide additional consultation under section 7(a)(2) 
    of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(2)), or 
    additional conference under section 7(a)(4) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 
    1536(a)(4)), as applicable, with the Chief of the Natural Resources 
    Conservation Service or the Administrator of the Farm Service 
    Agency, as applicable, to extend the period of regulatory 
    predictability.
SEC. 2408. FERAL SWINE ERADICATION AND CONTROL PILOT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a feral swine 
eradication and control pilot program to respond to the threat feral 
swine pose to agriculture, native ecosystems, and human and animal 
health.
    (b) Duties of the Secretary.--In carrying out the pilot program, 
the Secretary shall--
        (1) study and assess the nature and extent of damage to the 
    pilot areas caused by feral swine;
        (2) develop methods to eradicate or control feral swine in the 
    pilot areas;
        (3) develop methods to restore damage caused by feral swine; 
    and
        (4) provide financial assistance to agricultural producers in 
    pilot areas.
    (c) Assistance.--The Secretary may provide financial assistance to 
agricultural producers under the pilot program to implement methods 
to--
        (1) eradicate or control feral swine in the pilot areas; and
        (2) restore damage caused by feral swine.
    (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall ensure that the Natural 
Resources Conservation Service and the Animal and Plant Health 
Inspection Service coordinate for purposes of this section through 
State technical committees established under section 1261(a) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3861(a)).
    (e) Pilot Areas.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program 
in areas of States in which feral swine have been identified as a 
threat to agriculture, native ecosystems, or human or animal health, as 
determined by the Secretary.
    (f) Cost Sharing.--
        (1) Federal share.--The Federal share of the costs of 
    activities under the pilot program may not exceed 75 percent of the 
    total costs of such activities.
        (2) In-kind contributions.--The non-Federal share of the costs 
    of activities under the pilot program may be provided in the form 
    of in-kind contributions of materials or services.
    (g) Funding.--
        (1) Mandatory funding.--Of the funds of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section 
    $75,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
        (2) Distribution of funds.--Of the funds made available under 
    paragraph (1)--
            (A) 50 percent shall be allocated to the Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service to carry out the pilot program, including 
        the provision of financial assistance to producers for on-farm 
        trapping and technology related to capturing and confining 
        feral swine; and
            (B) 50 percent shall be allocated to the Animal and Plant 
        Health Inspection Service to carry out the pilot program, 
        including the use of established, and testing of innovative, 
        population reduction methods.
        (3) Limitation on administrative expenses.--Not more than 10 
    percent of funds made available under this section may be used for 
    administrative expenses of the pilot program.
SEC. 2409. REPORT ON SMALL WETLANDS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary, acting through the Chief of the 
Natural Resources Conservation Service, shall submit to the Committee 
on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing 
the number of wetlands with an area not more than 1 acre that have been 
delineated in each of the States of North Dakota, South Dakota, 
Minnesota, and Iowa during fiscal years 2014 through 2018.
    (b) Requirement.--In the report under subsection (a), the 
Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Natural Resources 
Conservation Service, shall list the number of wetlands acres in each 
State described in the report by tenths of an acre, and ensure the 
report is based on the best available science.
SEC. 2410. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO INCREASED WATERSHED-BASED 
COLLABORATION.
    It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Government should 
recognize and encourage partnerships at the watershed level between 
nonpoint sources and regulated point sources to advance the goals of 
the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) and 
provide benefits to farmers, landowners, and the public.

                 Subtitle E--Funding and Administration

SEC. 2501. COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION.
    (a) Annual Funding.--Section 1241(a) of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(a)) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``2018 
    (and fiscal year 2019 in the case of the program specified in 
    paragraph (5))'' and inserting ``2023'';
        (2) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$10,000,000 for the 
        period of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting 
        ``$12,000,000 for the period of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) by striking ``$33,000,000 for the period of fiscal 
            years 2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``$50,000,000 for 
            the period of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, including not 
            more than $5,000,000 to provide outreach and technical 
            assistance,''; and
                (ii) by striking ``retired or retiring owners and 
            operators'' and inserting ``contract holders'';
        (3) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) $450,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023.'';
        (4) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
        ``(3) The programs under chapter 4, using, to the maximum 
    extent practicable--
            ``(A) for the environmental quality incentives program 
        under subchapter A of that chapter--
                ``(i) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                ``(ii) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                ``(iii) $1,800,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                ``(iv) $1,850,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
                ``(v) $2,025,000,000 for fiscal year 2023; and
            ``(B) for the conservation stewardship program under 
        subchapter B of that chapter--
                ``(i) $700,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
                ``(ii) $725,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
                ``(iii) $750,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
                ``(iv) $800,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
                ``(v) $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.'';
        (5) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(as in effect on the day 
    before the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
    2018), using such sums as are necessary to administer contracts 
    entered into before that date of enactment'' before the period at 
    the end; and
        (6) by striking paragraph (5).
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Section 1241(b) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(b)) is amended by striking ``2018 (and 
fiscal year 2019 in the case of the program specified in subsection 
(a)(5))'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (c) Report on Program Enrollments and Assistance.--Section 1241(i) 
of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(i)) is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(i) Report on Program Enrollments and Assistance.--Not later than 
December 15 of each of calendar years 2019 through 2023, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate an annual report containing statistics by State 
related to enrollments in conservation programs under this title, as 
follows:
        ``(1) The annual and current cumulative activity reflecting 
    active agreement and contract enrollment statistics.
        ``(2) Secretarial exceptions, waivers, and significant 
    payments, including--
            ``(A) payments made under the agricultural conservation 
        easement program for easements valued at $250,000 or greater;
            ``(B) payments made under the regional conservation 
        partnership program subject to the waiver of adjusted gross 
        income limitations pursuant to section 1271C(c)(3);
            ``(C) waivers granted by the Secretary under section 
        1001D(b)(3);
            ``(D) exceptions and activity associated with section 
        1240B(h)(2); and
            ``(E) exceptions provided by the Secretary under section 
        1265B(b)(2)(B)(ii).''.
    (d) Allocations Review and Update.--Section 1241(g) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841(g)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``January'' and all that follows through 
        ``shall'' and inserting ``1 year after the date of enactment of 
        the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary, acting 
        through the Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service 
        and the Administrator of the Farm Service Agency, shall'';
            (B) by inserting ``annual'' after ``utilize''; and
            (C) by inserting ``relevant data on local natural resource 
        concerns, resource inventories, evaluations and reports, 
        recommendations from State technical committees established 
        under section 1261(a),'' after ``accounting for''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``that the formulas'' and inserting the 
        following: ``that--
            ``(A) the formulas'';
            (B) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated), by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) to the maximum extent practicable, local natural 
        resource concerns are considered a leading factor in 
        determining annual funding allocation to States;
            ``(C) the process used at the national level to evaluate 
        State budget proposals and to allocate funds is reviewed 
        annually to assess the effect of allocations in addressing 
        identified natural resource priorities and objectives; and
            ``(D) the allocation of funds to States addresses priority 
        natural resource concerns and objectives.''.
    (e) Assistance to Certain Farmers or Ranchers for Conservation 
Access.--Section 1241(h) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3841(h)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
        (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
            (B) in the matter preceding clause (i) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``Of the funds'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A) Fiscal years 2009 through 2018.--Of the funds''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Fiscal years 2019 through 2023.--Of the funds made 
        available for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 to carry 
        out the environmental quality incentives program under 
        subchapter A of chapter 4 of subtitle D and the conservation 
        stewardship program under subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle 
        D, the Secretary shall use, to the maximum extent practicable--
                ``(i) 5 percent to assist beginning farmers or 
            ranchers; and
                ``(ii) 5 percent to assist socially disadvantaged 
            farmers or ranchers.'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``and, in the case of fiscal 
    years 2019 through 2023, under the conservation stewardship program 
    under subchapter B of chapter 4 of subtitle D'' before the period 
    at the end;
        (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``year, acres not obligated 
    under paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``year through fiscal year 
    2018, acres not obligated under paragraph (1)(A)''; and
        (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
    paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``, as applicable, clause (i) or (ii) 
    of paragraph (1)(A) or clause (i) or (ii) of paragraph (1)(B)''.
    (f) Conservation Standards and Requirements.--Section 1241 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3841) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:
    ``(j) Conservation Standards and Requirements.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to the requirements of this title, 
    the Natural Resources Conservation Service shall serve as the lead 
    agency in developing and establishing technical standards and 
    requirements for conservation programs carried out under this 
    title, including--
            ``(A) standards for conservation practices under this 
        title;
            ``(B) technical guidelines for implementing conservation 
        practices under this title, including the location of the 
        conservation practices; and
            ``(C) standards for conservation plans.
        ``(2) Consistency of farm service agency technical standards 
    and payment rates.--The Administrator of the Farm Service Agency 
    shall ensure that--
            ``(A) technical standards of programs administered by the 
        Farm Service Agency are consistent with the technical standards 
        established by the Natural Resources Conservation Service under 
        paragraph (1); and
            ``(B) payment rates, to the extent practicable, are 
        consistent between the Farm Service Agency and the Natural 
        Resources Conservation Service.''.
SEC. 2502. DELIVERY OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.
    (a) Definitions.--Section 1242(a) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3842(a)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Eligible participant.--The term `eligible participant' 
    means a producer, landowner, or entity that is participating in, or 
    seeking to participate in, programs in which the producer, 
    landowner, or entity is otherwise eligible to participate under 
    this title or the agricultural management assistance program under 
    section 524(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 
    1524(b)).
        ``(2) Third-party provider.--The term `third-party provider' 
    means a commercial entity (including a farmer cooperative, 
    agriculture retailer, or other commercial entity (as defined by the 
    Secretary)), a nonprofit entity, a State or local government 
    (including a conservation district), or a Federal agency, that has 
    expertise in the technical aspect of conservation planning, 
    including nutrient management planning, watershed planning, or 
    environmental engineering.''.
    (b) Certification Process.--Section 1242(e) of the Food Security 
Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(e)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
        ``(4) Certification process.--The Secretary shall certify a 
    third-party provider through--
            ``(A) a certification process administered by the 
        Secretary, acting through the Chief of the Natural Resources 
        Conservation Service; or
            ``(B) a non-Federal entity approved by the Secretary to 
        perform the certification.
        ``(5) Streamlined certification.--The Secretary shall provide a 
    streamlined certification process for a third-party provider that 
    has an appropriate specialty certification, including a 
    sustainability certification.''.
    (c) Expedited Revision of Standards.--Section 1242(h) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842(h)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(A) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
        the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, complete a review of 
        each conservation practice standard, including engineering 
        design specifications, in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of that Act;'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) evaluate opportunities to increase flexibility in 
        conservation practice standards in a manner that ensures 
        equivalent natural resource benefits.'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``State technical committees 
    established under section 1261(a),'' before ``crop consultants''; 
    and
        (3) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
        ``(3) Expedited revision of standards.--Not later than 1 year 
    after the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
    2018, the Secretary shall develop for the programs under this title 
    an administrative process for--
            ``(A) expediting the establishment and revision of 
        conservation practice standards;
            ``(B) considering conservation innovations and scientific 
        and technological advancements with respect to any 
        establishment or revision under subparagraph (A);
            ``(C) allowing local flexibility in the creation of--
                ``(i) interim practice standards and supplements to 
            existing practice standards to address the considerations 
            described in subparagraph (B); and
                ``(ii) partnership-led proposals for new and innovative 
            techniques to facilitate implementing agreements and grants 
            under this title; and
            ``(D) soliciting regular input from State technical 
        committees established under section 1261(a) for 
        recommendations that identify innovations or advancements 
        described in subparagraph (B).
        ``(4) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
    enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, and every 2 
    years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
    on--
            ``(A) the administrative process developed under paragraph 
        (3);
            ``(B) conservation practice standards that were established 
        or revised under that process; and
            ``(C) conservation innovations that were considered under 
        that process.''.
SEC. 2503. ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Acreage Limitations.--Section 1244(f) of the Food Security Act 
of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844(f)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``10'' and inserting 
    ``15''; and
        (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 
    2014'' and inserting ``the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018''.
    (b) Requirements for Conservation Programs.--Section 1244 of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (m);
        (2) by redesignating subsections (j) through (l) as subsections 
    (k) through (m), respectively; and
        (3) by inserting after subsection (i) the following:
    ``(j) Review and Guidance for Practice Costs and Payment Rates.--
        ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, and not later 
    than October 1 of each year thereafter, the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) review the estimates for practice costs and rates of 
        payments made to producers for practices on eligible land under 
        this title; and
            ``(B) evaluate whether those costs and rates reflect a 
        payment that--
                ``(i) encourages participation in a conservation 
            program administered by the Secretary;
                ``(ii) encourages implementation of the most effective 
            practices to address local natural resource concerns on 
            eligible land; and
                ``(iii) accounts for regional, State, and local 
            variability relating to the complexity, implementation, and 
            adoption of practices on eligible land.
        ``(2) Guidance; review.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) issue guidance to States to annually review and 
        adjust the estimates for practice costs and rates of payments 
        made to producers to reflect the evaluation factors described 
        in paragraph (1)(B); and
            ``(B) determine the appropriate practice costs and rates of 
        payments for each State by--
                ``(i) annually reviewing each conservation program 
            payment schedule and payment rate used in the State; and
                ``(ii) consulting with the State technical committee 
            established under section 1261(a) in that State.''.
    (c) Funding for Indian Tribes.--Section 1244(m) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (as redesignated by subsection (b)(2)) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall'';
        (2) by striking ``that the goals'' and inserting the following: 
    ``that--
        ``(1) the goals'';
        (3) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking 
    ``arrangements, and that statutory'' and inserting the following: 
    ``arrangements;
        ``(2) a sufficient number of eligible participants will be 
    aggregated under the alternative funding arrangement to accomplish 
    the underlying purposes and objectives of the applicable program; 
    and
        ``(3) statutory''; and
        (4) in paragraph (3) (as so designated), by striking the period 
    at the end and inserting ``, except that the Secretary may approve 
    a waiver if the Secretary is authorized to approve a waiver under 
    the statutory authority of the applicable program.''.
    (d) Source Water Protection Through Targeting of Agricultural 
Practices.--Section 1244 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3844) (as amended by subsection (b)) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(n) Source Water Protection Through Targeting of Agricultural 
Practices.--
        ``(1) In general.--In carrying out any conservation program 
    administered by the Secretary, the Secretary shall encourage 
    practices that relate to water quality and water quantity that 
    protect source water for drinking water (including protecting 
    against public health threats) while also benefitting agricultural 
    producers.
        ``(2) Collaboration with water systems and increased 
    incentives.--
            ``(A) In general.--In encouraging practices under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                ``(i) work collaboratively with community water systems 
            and State technical committees established under section 
            1261(a) to identify, in each State, local priority areas 
            for the protection of source waters for drinking water; and
                ``(ii) subject to subparagraph (B), for practices 
            described in paragraph (1), offer to producers increased 
            incentives and higher payment rates than are otherwise 
            statutorily authorized by the applicable conservation 
            program administered by the Secretary.
            ``(B) Limitation.--An increased payment under subparagraph 
        (A)(ii) shall not exceed 90 percent of practice costs 
        associated with planning, design, materials, equipment, 
        installation, labor, management, maintenance, or training.
        ``(3) Reservation of funds.--
            ``(A) In general.--In each of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023, the Secretary shall use to carry out this subsection not 
        less than 10 percent of any funds available for conservation 
        programs administered by the Secretary under this title (other 
        than the conservation reserve program established under 
        subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D).
            ``(B) Limitation.--Funds available for a specific 
        conservation program shall not be transferred to fund a 
        different conservation program under this title.''.
    (e) Environmental Services Market.--Section 1244 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by subsection (d)) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(o) Environmental Services Market.--The Secretary may not 
prohibit, through a contract, easement, or agreement under this title, 
a participant in a conservation program administered by the Secretary 
under this title from participating in, and receiving compensation 
from, an environmental services market if 1 of the purposes of the 
market is the facilitation of additional conservation benefits that are 
consistent with the purposes of the conservation program administered 
by the Secretary.''.
    (f) Regulatory Certainty.--Section 1244 of the Food Security Act of 
1985 (16 U.S.C. 3844) (as amended by subsection (e)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(p) Regulatory Certainty.--
        ``(1) In general.--In addition to technical and programmatic 
    information that the Secretary is otherwise authorized to provide, 
    on request of a Federal agency, a State, an Indian tribe, or a unit 
    of local government, the Secretary may provide technical and 
    programmatic information--
            ``(A) subject to paragraph (2), to the Federal agency, 
        State, Indian tribe, or unit of local government to support 
        specifically the development of mechanisms that would provide 
        regulatory certainty, regulatory predictability, safe harbor 
        protection, or other similar regulatory assurances to a farmer, 
        rancher, or private nonindustrial forest landowner under a 
        regulatory requirement--
                ``(i) that relates to soil, water, or wildlife; and
                ``(ii) over which that Federal agency, State, Indian 
            tribe, or unit of local government has authority; and
            ``(B) relating to conservation practices or activities that 
        could be implemented by a farmer, rancher, or private 
        nonindustrial forest landowner to address a targeted soil, 
        water, or wildlife resource concern that is the direct subject 
        of a regulatory requirement enforced by that Federal agency, 
        State, Indian tribe, or unit of local government, as 
        applicable.
        ``(2) Mechanisms.--The Secretary shall only provide additional 
    technical and programmatic information under paragraph (1) if the 
    mechanisms to be developed by the Federal agency, State, Indian 
    tribe, or unit of local government, as applicable, under paragraph 
    (1)(A) are anticipated to include, at a minimum--
            ``(A) the implementation of 1 or more conservation 
        practices or activities that effectively addresses the soil, 
        water, or wildlife resource concern identified under paragraph 
        (1);
            ``(B) the on-site confirmation that the applicable 
        conservation practices or activities identified under 
        subparagraph (A) have been implemented;
            ``(C) a plan for a periodic audit, as appropriate, of the 
        continued implementation or maintenance of each of the 
        conservation practices or activities identified under 
        subparagraph (A); and
            ``(D) notification to a farmer, rancher, or private 
        nonindustrial forest landowner of, and an opportunity to 
        correct, any noncompliance with a requirement to obtain 
        regulatory certainty, regulatory predictability, safe harbor 
        protection, or other similar regulatory assurance.
        ``(3) Continuing current collaboration on soil, water, or 
    wildlife conservation practices.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) continue collaboration with Federal agencies, States, 
        Indian tribes, or local units of government on existing 
        regulatory certainty, regulatory predictability, safe harbor 
        protection, or other similar regulatory assurances in 
        accordance with paragraph (2); and
            ``(B) continue collaboration with the Secretary of the 
        Interior on consultation under section 7(a)(2) of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(2)) or 
        conference under section 7(a)(4) of that Act (16 U.S.C. 
        1536(a)(4)), as applicable, for wildlife conservation efforts, 
        including the Working Lands for Wildlife model of conservation 
        on working landscapes, as implemented on the day before the 
        date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, 
        in accordance with--
                ``(i) the document entitled `Partnership Agreement 
            Between the United States Department of Agriculture Natural 
            Resources Conservation Service and the United States 
            Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service', 
            numbered A-3A75-16-937, and formalized by the Chief of the 
            Natural Resources Conservation Service on September 15, 
            2016, and by the Director of the United States Fish and 
            Wildlife Service on August 4, 2016, as in effect on 
            September 15, 2016; and
                ``(ii) United States Fish and Wildlife Service 
            Director's Order No. 217, dated August 9, 2016, as in 
            effect on August 9, 2016.
        ``(4) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection--
            ``(A) preempts, displaces, or supplants any authority or 
        right of a Federal agency, a State, an Indian tribe, or a unit 
        of local government;
            ``(B) modifies or otherwise affects, preempts, or 
        displaces--
                ``(i) any cause of action; or
                ``(ii) a provision of Federal or State law establishing 
            a remedy for a civil or criminal cause of action; or
            ``(C) applies to a case in which the Department of 
        Agriculture is the originating agency requesting a consultation 
        or other technical and programmatic information or assistance 
        from another Federal agency in assisting farmers, ranchers, or 
        nonindustrial private forest landowners participating in a 
        conservation program administered by the Secretary.''.
SEC. 2504. TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATION OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Interim Administration.--Subject to subsection (d), the 
Secretary shall use the applicable regulations in effect on the day 
before the date of enactment of this Act, to the extent that the terms 
and conditions of those regulations are consistent with the amendments 
made by this title, to carry out the programs under laws as amended by 
this title, including--
        (1) the conservation reserve program under subchapter B of 
    chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
    1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831 et seq.) (as amended by subtitle B);
        (2) the environmental quality incentives program under 
    subchapter A of chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food 
    Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq) (as added by section 
    2301(a)(1) and amended by subtitle C);
        (3) the conservation stewardship program under subchapter B of 
    chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security Act of 
    1985 (as added by subsections (a)(2) and (b) of section 2301 and 
    amended by subtitle C); and
        (4) the agricultural conservation easement program established 
    under subtitle H of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
    U.S.C. 3865 et seq.) (as amended by subtitle F).
    (b) Regional Conservation Partnership Program.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (e) of section 1271E of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3871e) (as amended by section 2706), and subject to subsection 
(d), for fiscal year 2019, the Secretary may use an availability of 
program funding announcement consistent with the amendments made by 
subtitle G to carry out the regional conservation partnership program 
under subtitle I of title XII of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 
U.S.C. 3871 et seq.) without issuing a regulation.
    (c) Funding.--The Secretary may only use funds authorized to be 
made available by this title or the amendments made by this title for 
the specific programs described in paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
subsection (a) and subsection (b), in accordance with any restrictions 
on the use of those funds, for the purposes described in subsections 
(a) and (b).
    (d) Termination of Authority.--The authority of the Secretary to 
carry out subsections (a) and (b) shall terminate on September 30, 
2019.
    (e) Permanent Administration.--Effective beginning on the 
termination date described in subsection (d), the Secretary shall carry 
out this title and the amendments made by this title in accordance with 
such final regulations as the Secretary considers necessary to carry 
out this title and the amendments made by this title.

         Subtitle F--Agricultural Conservation Easement Program

SEC. 2601. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.
    Section 1265(b) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3865(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``that negatively affect the 
    agricultural uses and conservation values'' after ``that land''; 
    and
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking ``restoring and'' and 
    inserting ``restoring or''.
SEC. 2602. DEFINITIONS.
    Section 1265A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865a) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph(1)(B), by striking ``subject to an 
    agricultural land easement plan, as approved by the Secretary'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5) as 
    paragraphs (3), (4), (6), and (7), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) Buy-protect-sell transaction.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `buy-protect-sell transaction' 
        means a legal arrangement--
                ``(i) between an eligible entity and the Secretary 
            relating to land that an eligible entity owns or is going 
            to purchase prior to acquisition of an agricultural land 
            easement;
                ``(ii) under which the eligible entity certifies to the 
            Secretary that the eligible entity shall--

                    ``(I)(aa) hold an agricultural land easement on 
                that land, but transfer ownership of the land to a 
                farmer or rancher that is not an eligible entity prior 
                to or on acquisition of the agricultural land easement; 
                or
                    ``(bb) hold an agricultural land easement on that 
                land, but transfer ownership of the land to a farmer or 
                rancher that is not an eligible entity in a timely 
                manner and, subject to subparagraph (B), not later than 
                3 years after the date of acquisition of the 
                agricultural land easement; and
                    ``(II) make an initial sale of the land subject to 
                the agricultural land easement to a farmer or rancher 
                at not more than agricultural value, plus any 
                reasonable holding and transaction costs incurred by 
                the eligible entity, as determined by the Secretary; 
                and

                ``(iii) under which the Secretary shall be reimbursed 
            for the entirety of the Federal share of the cost of the 
            agricultural land easement by the eligible entity if the 
            eligible entity fails to transfer ownership under item (aa) 
            or (bb), as applicable, of clause (ii)(I).
            ``(B) Time extension.--Under subparagraph (A)(ii)(I)(bb), 
        an eligible entity may transfer land later than 3 years after 
        the date of acquisition of the agricultural land easement if 
        the Secretary determines an extension of time is justified.'';
        (4) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)(i)--
                (i) by striking ``to a'' and inserting the following: 
            ``to--

                    ``(I) a'';

                (ii) in subclause (I) (as so designated), by adding 
            ``or'' at the end; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:

                    ``(II) a buy-protect-sell transaction;''; and

            (B) in subparagraph (B)(i)(II), by striking ``, as 
        determined by the Secretary in consultation with the Secretary 
        of the Interior at the local level''; and
        (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
        ``(5) Monitoring report.--The term `monitoring report' means a 
    report, the contents of which are formulated and prepared by the 
    holder of an agricultural land easement, that accurately documents 
    whether the land subject to the agricultural land easement is in 
    compliance with the terms and conditions of the agricultural land 
    easement.''.
SEC. 2603. AGRICULTURAL LAND EASEMENTS.
    (a) Availability of Assistance.--Section 1265B(a) of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(a)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``provide for the 
    conservation of natural resources pursuant to an agricultural land 
    easement plan.'' and inserting ``implement the program, including 
    technical assistance for the development of a conservation plan 
    under subsection (b)(4)(C)(iv); and''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) buy-protect-sell transactions.''.
    (b) Cost-share Assistance.--
        (1) Scope of assistance available.--Section 1265B(b)(2) of the 
    Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(2)) is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking clause (ii) and 
        inserting the following:
                ``(ii) Grasslands exception.--In the case of grassland 
            of special environmental significance, as determined by the 
            Secretary, the Secretary may provide an amount not to 
            exceed 75 percent of the fair market value of the 
            agricultural land easement.
                ``(iii) Permissible forms.--The non-Federal share 
            provided by an eligible entity under this subparagraph may 
            comprise--

                    ``(I) cash resources;
                    ``(II) a charitable donation or qualified 
                conservation contribution (as defined in section 170(h) 
                of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) from the private 
                landowner from which the agricultural land easement 
                will be purchased;
                    ``(III) costs associated with securing a deed to 
                the agricultural land easement, including the cost of 
                appraisal, survey, inspection, and title; and
                    ``(IV) other costs, as determined by the 
                Secretary.''; and

            (B) by striking subparagraph (C).
        (2) Evaluation and ranking of applications.--Section 
    1265B(b)(3) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
    3865b(b)(3)) is amended--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (E); 
        and
            (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:
            ``(C) Accounting for geographic differences.--The Secretary 
        may adjust the criteria established under subparagraph (A) to 
        account for geographic differences, if the adjustments--
                ``(i) meet the purposes of the program; and
                ``(ii) continue to maximize the benefit of the Federal 
            investment under the program.
            ``(D) Priority.--In evaluating applications under the 
        program, the Secretary may give priority to an application for 
        the purchase of an agricultural land easement that, as 
        determined by the Secretary, maintains agricultural 
        viability.''.
        (3) Agreements with eligible entities.--Section 1265B(b)(4) of 
    the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(4)) is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking clauses (iii) and (iv) 
        and inserting the following:
                ``(iii) include a right of enforcement for the 
            Secretary that--

                    ``(I) may be used only if the terms and conditions 
                of the easement are not enforced by the eligible 
                entity; and
                    ``(II) does not extend to a right of inspection 
                unless--

                        ``(aa)(AA) the holder of the easement fails to 
                    provide monitoring reports in a timely manner; or
                        ``(BB) the Secretary has a reasonable and 
                    articulable belief that the terms and conditions of 
                    the easement have been violated; and
                        ``(bb) prior to the inspection, the Secretary 
                    notifies the eligible entity and the landowner of 
                    the inspection and provides a reasonable 
                    opportunity for the eligible entity and the 
                    landowner to participate in the inspection;
                ``(iv) include a conservation plan only for any portion 
            of the land subject to the agricultural land easement that 
            is highly erodible cropland; and'';
            (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
            (C) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:
            ``(D) Additional permitted terms and conditions.--An 
        eligible entity may include terms and conditions for an 
        agricultural land easement that--
                ``(i) are intended to keep the land subject to the 
            agricultural land easement under the ownership of a farmer 
            or rancher, as determined by the Secretary;
                ``(ii) allow subsurface mineral development on the land 
            subject to the agricultural land easement and in accordance 
            with applicable State law if, as determined by the 
            Secretary--

                    ``(I) the subsurface mineral development--

                        ``(aa) has a limited and localized impact;
                        ``(bb) does not harm the agricultural use and 
                    conservation values of the land subject to the 
                    easement;
                        ``(cc) does not materially alter or affect the 
                    existing topography;
                        ``(dd) shall comply with a subsurface mineral 
                    development plan that--
                            ``(AA) includes a plan for the remediation 
                        of impacts to the agricultural use and 
                        conservation values of the land subject to the 
                        easement; and
                            ``(BB) is approved by the Secretary prior 
                        to the initiation of mineral development 
                        activity;
                        ``(ee) is not accomplished by any surface 
                    mining method;
                        ``(ff) is within the impervious surface limits 
                    of the easement under subparagraph (C)(v); and
                        ``(gg) uses practices and technologies that 
                    minimize the duration and intensity of impacts to 
                    the agricultural use and conservation values of the 
                    land subject to the easement; and

                    ``(II) each area impacted by the subsurface mineral 
                development shall be reclaimed and restored by the 
                holder of the mineral rights at cessation of operation; 
                and

                ``(iii) include other relevant activities relating to 
            the agricultural land easement, as determined by the 
            Secretary.''.
        (4) Certification of eligible entities.--Section 1265B(b)(5) of 
    the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b(b)(5)) is amended--
            (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                (i) in clause (ii), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
            a semicolon;
                (ii) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end 
            and inserting ``; and''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iv) allow a certified eligible entity to use its own 
            terms and conditions, notwithstanding paragraph (4)(C), as 
            long as the terms and conditions are consistent with the 
            purposes of the program.''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) in clause (iii), by redesignating subclauses (I) 
            through (III) as items (aa) through (cc), respectively, and 
            indenting appropriately;
                (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) through (iii) as 
            subclauses (I) through (III), respectively, and indenting 
            appropriately;
                (iii) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so 
            redesignated), by striking ``entity will'' and inserting 
            the following: ``eligible entity--
                ``(i) will'';
                (iv) in clause (i)(III)(cc) (as so redesignated), by 
            striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
            and
                (v) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ii) has--

                    ``(I) been accredited by the Land Trust 
                Accreditation Commission, or by an equivalent 
                accrediting body, as determined by the Secretary;
                    ``(II) acquired not fewer than 10 agricultural land 
                easements under the program or any predecessor program; 
                and
                    ``(III) successfully met the responsibilities of 
                the eligible entity under the applicable agreements 
                with the Secretary, as determined by the Secretary, 
                relating to agricultural land easements that the 
                eligible entity has acquired under the program or any 
                predecessor program; or

                ``(iii) is a State department of agriculture or other 
            State agency with statutory authority for farm and 
            ranchland protection that has--

                    ``(I) acquired not fewer than 10 agricultural land 
                easements under the program or any predecessor program; 
                and
                    ``(II) successfully met the responsibilities of the 
                eligible entity under the applicable agreements with 
                the Secretary, as determined by the Secretary, relating 
                to agricultural land easements that the eligible entity 
                has acquired under the program or any predecessor 
                program.''.

        (5) Technical assistance.--Section 1265B of the Food Security 
    Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865b) is amended by striking subsection (d) 
    and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide technical 
assistance, if requested, to assist in compliance with the terms and 
conditions of easements.''.
SEC. 2604. WETLAND RESERVE EASEMENTS.
    Section 1265C of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865c) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (3)(C), by inserting ``or improving water 
        quality'' before the period at the end; and
            (B) in paragraph (5)--
                (i) in subparagraph (C)--

                    (I) by striking ``Land subject'' and inserting the 
                following:

                ``(i) In general.--Land subject'';

                    (II) in clause (i) (as so designated), by inserting 
                ``water management,'' after ``timber harvest,''; and
                    (III) by adding at the end the following:

                ``(ii) Compatible use authorization.--In evaluating and 
            authorizing a compatible economic use under clause (i), the 
            Secretary shall--

                    ``(I) request and consider the advice of the 
                applicable State technical committee established under 
                section 1261(a) about the 1 or more types of uses that 
                may be authorized to be conducted on land subject to a 
                wetland reserve easement, including the frequency, 
                timing, and intensity of those uses;
                    ``(II) consider the ability of an authorized use to 
                facilitate the practical administration and management 
                of that land; and
                    ``(III) ensure that an authorized use furthers the 
                functions and values for which the wetland reserve 
                easement was established.''; and

                (ii) in subparagraph (D)(i)(III), by inserting after 
            ``under subsection (f)'' the following: ``or a grazing 
            management plan that is consistent with the wetland reserve 
            easement plan and has been reviewed, and modified as 
            necessary, at least every 5 years''; and
        (2) in subsection (f)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
        ``(1) Wetland reserve easement plan.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall develop a wetland 
        reserve easement plan--
                ``(i) for any eligible land subject to a wetland 
            reserve easement; and
                ``(ii) that restores, protects, enhances, manages, 
            maintains, and monitors the eligible land subject to the 
            wetland reserve easements acquired under this section.
            ``(B) Practices and activities.--A wetland reserve easement 
        plan under subparagraph (A) shall include practices and 
        activities, including repair or replacement, that are necessary 
        to restore and maintain the enrolled land and the functions and 
        values of the wetland subject to a wetland reserve easement.'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively; and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
        ``(2) Alternative plant communities.--The Secretary, in 
    coordination with State technical committees established under 
    section 1261(a) and pursuant to State-specific criteria and 
    guidelines, may authorize the establishment or restoration of a 
    hydrologically appropriate native community or alternative 
    naturalized vegetative community as part of a wetland reserve 
    easement plan on land subject to a wetland reserve easement if that 
    hydrologically appropriate native or alternative naturalized 
    vegetative community shall--
            ``(A) substantially support or benefit migratory waterfowl 
        or other wetland wildlife; or
            ``(B) meet local resource concerns or needs (including as 
        an element of a regional, State, or local wildlife initiative 
        or plan).''.
SEC. 2605. ADMINISTRATION.
    Section 1265D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3865d) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (a)(4), by striking ``proposed'' and inserting 
    ``permitted'';
        (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:
    ``(c) Subordination, Exchange, Modification, and Termination.--
        ``(1) Subordination.--The Secretary may subordinate any 
    interest in land, or portion of such interest, administered by the 
    Secretary (including for the purposes of utilities and energy 
    transmission services) either directly or on behalf of the 
    Commodity Credit Corporation under the program if the Secretary 
    determines that the subordination--
            ``(A) increases conservation values or has a limited 
        negative effect on conservation values;
            ``(B) minimally affects the acreage subject to the interest 
        in land; and
            ``(C) is in the public interest or furthers the practical 
        administration of the program.
        ``(2) Modification and exchange.--
            ``(A) Authority.--The Secretary may approve a modification 
        or exchange of any interest in land, or portion of such 
        interest, administered by the Secretary, either directly or on 
        behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation under the program if 
        the Secretary determines that--
                ``(i) no reasonable alternative exists and the effect 
            on the interest in land is avoided or minimized to the 
            extent practicable; and
                ``(ii) the modification or exchange--

                    ``(I) results in equal or increased conservation 
                values;
                    ``(II) results in equal or greater economic value 
                to the United States;
                    ``(III) is consistent with the original intent of 
                the easement;
                    ``(IV) is consistent with the purposes of the 
                program; and
                    ``(V) is in the public interest or furthers the 
                practical administration of the program.

            ``(B) Limitation.--In modifying or exchanging an interest 
        in land, or portion of such interest, under this paragraph, the 
        Secretary may not increase any payment to an eligible entity.
        ``(3) Termination.--The Secretary may approve a termination of 
    any interest in land, or portion of such interest, administered by 
    the Secretary, directly or on behalf of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation under the program if the Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) termination is in the interest of the Federal 
        Government;
            ``(B) the United States will be fully compensated for--
                ``(i) the fair market value of the interest in land;
                ``(ii) any costs relating to the termination; and
                ``(iii) any damages determined appropriate by the 
            Secretary; and
            ``(C) the termination will--
                ``(i) address a compelling public need for which there 
            is no practicable alternative even with avoidance and 
            minimization; and
                ``(ii) further the practical administration of the 
            program.
        ``(4) Consent.--The Secretary shall obtain consent from the 
    landowner and eligible entity, if applicable, for any 
    subordination, exchange, modification, or termination of interest 
    in land, or portion of such interest, under this subsection.
        ``(5) Notice.--At least 90 days before taking any termination 
    action described in paragraph (3), the Secretary shall provide 
    written notice of such action to the Committee on Agriculture of 
    the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.''; and
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``transferred into the 
        program'' and inserting ``enrolled in an easement under section 
        1265C(b)''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(3) Agricultural land easements.--A farmer or rancher who 
    owns eligible land subject to an agricultural land easement may 
    enter into a contract under subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle 
    D.''.

         Subtitle G--Regional Conservation Partnership Program

SEC. 2701. ESTABLISHMENT AND PURPOSES.
    Section 1271 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, including 
        partnership agreements funded through alternative funding 
        arrangements or grant agreements under section 1271C(d),'' 
        after ``partnership agreements''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``contracts with 
        producers'' and inserting ``program contracts with producers''; 
        and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``use covered programs'' and inserting ``carry 
        out eligible activities'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) To further the conservation, protection, restoration, and 
    sustainable use of soil, water (including sources of drinking water 
    and groundwater), wildlife, agricultural land, and related natural 
    resources on eligible land on a regional or watershed scale.'';
            (C) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, including 
            through alignment of partnership projects with other 
            national, State, and local agencies and programs addressing 
            similar natural resource or environmental concerns'' after 
            ``eligible land''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``installation'' 
            and inserting ``adoption, installation,''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) To encourage the flexible and streamlined delivery of 
    conservation assistance to producers through partnership 
    agreements.
        ``(5) To engage producers and eligible partners in conservation 
    projects to achieve greater conservation outcomes and benefits for 
    producers than would otherwise be achieved.''.
SEC. 2702. DEFINITIONS.
    Section 1271A of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871a) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, not including the 
        grassland conservation initiative under section 1240L-1'' 
        before the period at the end; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) The conservation reserve program established under 
        subchapter B of chapter 1 of subtitle D.
            ``(F) The programs established by the Secretary to carry 
        out the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 
        U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), except for any program established by the 
        Secretary to carry out section 14 (16 U.S.C. 1012) of that 
        Act.'';
        (2) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3) and inserting the 
    following:
        ``(2) Eligible activity.--The term `eligible activity' means a 
    practice, activity, agreement, easement, or related conservation 
    measure that is available under the statutory authority for a 
    covered program.
        ``(3) Eligible land.--The term `eligible land' means any 
    agricultural or nonindustrial private forest land or associated 
    land on which the Secretary determines an eligible activity would 
    help achieve conservation benefits.'';
        (3) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``acequia,'' after 
        ``irrigation district,''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(I) An organization described in section 1265A(3)(B).
            ``(J) A conservation district.'';
        (4) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
        ``(5) Partnership agreement.--The term `partnership agreement' 
    means the programmatic agreement entered into between the Secretary 
    and an eligible partner, subject to the terms and conditions under 
    section 1271B.''; and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(7) Program contract.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `program contract' means the 
        contract between the Secretary and a producer entered into 
        under this subtitle.
            ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `program contract' does not 
        include a contract under a covered program.''.
SEC. 2703. REGIONAL CONSERVATION PARTNERSHIPS.
    Section 1271B of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871b) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Length.--
        ``(1) In general.--A partnership agreement shall be--
            ``(A) for a period not to exceed 5 years; or
            ``(B) for a period that is longer than 5 years, if the 
        longer period is necessary to meet the objectives of the 
        program, as determined by the Secretary.
        ``(2) Renewal.--A partnership agreement may be renewed under 
    subsection (e)(5) for a period not to exceed 5 years.
        ``(3) Extension.--A partnership agreement, or any renewal of a 
    partnership agreement, may each be extended 1 time for a period not 
    longer than 12 months, as determined by the Secretary.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) by redesignating clauses (iii) and (iv) as 
                clauses (iv) and (v), respectively; and
                    (II) by striking clauses (i) and (ii) and inserting 
                the following:

                ``(i) 1 or more conservation benefits that the project 
            shall achieve;
                ``(ii) the eligible activities on eligible land to be 
            conducted under the project to achieve conservation 
            benefits;
                ``(iii) the implementation timeline for carrying out 
            the project, including any interim milestones;'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``funds'' and 
            inserting ``contributions''; and
                (iii) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``of the 
            project's effects; and'' and inserting the following: 
            ``of--
                ``(i) the progress made by the project in achieving 
            each conservation benefit defined in the partnership 
            agreement, including in a quantified form to the extent 
            practicable; and
                ``(ii) as appropriate, other outcomes of the project; 
            and''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``An eligible'' and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(A) In general.--An eligible''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) Form.--A contribution of an eligible partner under 
        this paragraph may be in the form of--
                ``(i) direct funding;
                ``(ii) in-kind support; or
                ``(iii) a combination of direct funding and in-kind 
            support.
            ``(C) Treatment.--Any amounts expended during the period 
        beginning on the date on which the Secretary announces the 
        approval of an application under subsection (e) and ending on 
        the day before the effective date of the partnership agreement 
        by an eligible partner for staff salaries or development of the 
        partnership agreement may be considered to be a part of the 
        contribution of the eligible partner under this paragraph.'';
        (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
        (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Duties of Secretary.--The Secretary shall--
        ``(1) establish a timeline for carrying out the duties of the 
    Secretary under a partnership agreement, including--
            ``(A) entering into program contracts with producers;
            ``(B) providing financial assistance to producers; and
            ``(C) in the case of a partnership agreement that is funded 
        through an alternative funding arrangement or grant agreement 
        under section 1271C(d), providing the payments to the eligible 
        partner for carrying out eligible activities;
        ``(2) identify in each State a program coordinator for the 
    State, who shall be responsible for providing assistance to 
    eligible partners under the program;
        ``(3) establish guidance to assist eligible partners with 
    carrying out the assessment required under subsection (c)(1)(E);
        ``(4) provide to each eligible partner that has entered into a 
    partnership agreement that is not funded through an alternative 
    funding arrangement or grant agreement under section 1271C(d)--
            ``(A) a semiannual report describing the status of each 
        pending and obligated contract under the project of the 
        eligible partner; and
            ``(B) an annual report describing how the Secretary used 
        amounts reserved by the Secretary for that year for technical 
        assistance under section 1271D(f); and
        ``(5) ensure that any eligible activity effectively achieves 
    the conservation benefits identified in the partnership agreement 
    under subsection (c)(1)(A)(i).'';
        (5) in subsection (e) (as redesignated by paragraph (3))--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``simplified'' after 
        ``conduct a'';
            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by striking the paragraph designation and heading 
            and all that follows through ``description of--'' and 
            inserting the following:
        ``(3) Contents.--The Secretary shall develop a simplified 
    application that includes a description of--'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``, including the 
            covered programs to be used''; and
                (iii) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``financial'';
            (C) in paragraph (4)--
                (i) by striking subparagraph (D);
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
            subparagraphs (G) and (H), respectively; and
                (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
            following:
            ``(D) build new partnerships with local, State, and private 
        entities to include a diversity of stakeholders in the project;
            ``(E) deliver a high percentage of applied conservation--
                ``(i) to achieve conservation benefits; or
                ``(ii) in the case of a project in a critical 
            conservation area under section 1271F, to address the 
            priority resource concern for that critical conservation 
            area;
            ``(F) implement the project consistent with existing 
        watershed, habitat, or other area restoration plans;''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Renewals.--If the Secretary determines that a project 
    that is the subject of a partnership agreement has met or exceeded 
    the objectives of the project, the Secretary may renew the 
    partnership agreement through an expedited noncompetitive process 
    if the 1 or more eligible partners that are parties to the 
    partnership agreement request the renewal in order--
            ``(A) to continue to implement the project under a renewal 
        of the partnership agreement; or
            ``(B) to expand the scope of the project under a renewal of 
        the partnership agreement, as long as the expansion is within 
        the objectives and purposes of the original partnership 
        agreement.''; and
        (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Nonapplicability of Adjusted Gross Income Limitation.--The 
adjusted gross income limitation described in section 1001D(b)(1) shall 
not apply to an eligible partner under the program.''.
SEC. 2704. ASSISTANCE TO PRODUCERS.
    Section 1271C of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871c) is 
amended--
        (1) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(a) In General.--A producer may receive financial or technical 
assistance to conduct eligible activities on eligible land through a 
program contract entered into with the Secretary.
    ``(b) Program Contracts.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
    contract to be entered into with a producer to conduct eligible 
    activities on eligible land, subject to such terms and conditions 
    as the Secretary may establish.
        ``(2) Application bundles.--
            ``(A) In general.--An eligible partner may submit to the 
        Secretary, on behalf of producers, a bundle of applications for 
        assistance under the program through program contracts to 
        address a substantial portion of the conservation benefits to 
        be achieved by the project, as defined in the partnership 
        agreement.
            ``(B) Priority.--The Secretary may give priority to 
        applications described in subparagraph (A).'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``In accordance with 
        statutory requirements of the covered programs involved, the 
        Secretary may make payments to a producer'' and inserting 
        ``Subject to section 1271D, the Secretary may make payments to 
        a producer''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``participating''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Funding Through Alternative Funding Arrangements or Grant 
Agreements.--
        ``(1) In general.--A partnership agreement entered into with an 
    eligible partner may be funded through an alternative funding 
    arrangement or grant in accordance with this subsection.
        ``(2) Duties of the secretary.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) under a funding agreement under paragraph (1)--
                ``(i) use funding made available to carry out this 
            subtitle to provide funding directly to the eligible 
            partner; and
                ``(ii) provide technical and administrative assistance, 
            as mutually agreed by the parties; and
            ``(B) enter into not more than 15 alternative funding 
        arrangements or grant agreements with 1 or more eligible 
        partners each fiscal year.
        ``(3) Duties of eligible partners.--Under a funding agreement 
    under paragraph (1), the eligible partner shall--
            ``(A) carry out eligible activities on eligible land in 
        agreement with producers to achieve conservation benefits on a 
        regional or watershed scale, such as--
                ``(i) infrastructure investments relating to 
            agricultural or nonindustrial private forest production 
            that would--

                    ``(I) benefit multiple producers; and
                    ``(II) address natural resource concerns such as 
                drought, wildfire, or water quality impairment on the 
                land covered by the project;

                ``(ii) projects addressing natural resources concerns 
            in coordination with producers, including the development 
            and implementation of watershed, habitat, or other area 
            restoration plans;
                ``(iii) projects that use innovative approaches to 
            leveraging the Federal investment in conservation with 
            private financial mechanisms, in conjunction with 
            agricultural production or forest resource management, such 
            as--

                    ``(I) the provision of performance-based payments 
                to producers; and
                    ``(II) support for an environmental market; or

                ``(iv) other projects for which the Secretary 
            determines that the goals and objectives of the program 
            would be easier to achieve through the funding agreement 
            under paragraph (1); and
            ``(B) submit to the Secretary, in addition to any 
        information that the Secretary requires to prepare the report 
        under section 1271E(b), an annual report that describes the 
        status of the project, including a description of--
                ``(i) the use of the funds awarded under paragraph (1);
                ``(ii) any subcontracts awarded;
                ``(iii) the producers receiving funding through the 
            funding agreement under paragraph (1);
                ``(iv)(I) the progress made by the project in 
            addressing each natural resource concern defined in the 
            funding agreement under paragraph (1), including in a 
            quantified form to the extent practicable; and
                ``(II) as appropriate, other outcomes of the project; 
            and
                ``(v) any other reporting data the Secretary determines 
            are necessary to ensure compliance with the program 
            rules.''.
SEC. 2705. FUNDING.
    Section 1271D of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871d) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``$100,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$300,000,000''; and
            (B) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
        through 2023'';
        (2) by striking subsection (c);
        (3) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (c) 
    and (d), respectively;
        (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``and acres''; and
                (ii) by striking ``and reserved for the program under 
            subsection (c)'';
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``25 percent of the funds and acres to 
            projects based on a State competitive process administered 
            by the State Conservationist, with the advice of the State 
            technical committee'' and inserting ``50 percent of the 
            funds to projects based on a State or multistate 
            competitive process administered by the Secretary at the 
            local level with the advice of the applicable State 
            technical committees''; and
                (ii) by adding ``and'' after the semicolon;
            (C) by striking paragraph (2);
            (D) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and
            (E) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), by striking ``35 
        percent of the funds and acres'' and inserting ``50 percent of 
        the funds'';
        (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) by striking ``None of the funds made available or 
        reserved for the program'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), none of 
    the funds made available for the program, including for a 
    partnership agreement funded through an alternative funding 
    arrangement or grant agreement under section 1271C(d),''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Project development and outreach.--Under a partnership 
    agreement that is not funded through an alternative funding 
    arrangement or grant agreement under section 1271C(d), the 
    Secretary may advance reasonable amounts of funding for not longer 
    than 90 days for technical assistance to eligible partners to 
    conduct project development and outreach activities in a project 
    area, including--
            ``(A) providing outreach and education to producers for 
        potential participation in the project;
            ``(B) establishing baseline metrics to support the 
        development of the assessment required under section 
        1271B(c)(1)(E); or
            ``(C) providing technical assistance to producers.''; and
        (6) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Technical Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--At the time of project selection, the 
    Secretary shall identify and make publicly available the amount 
    that the Secretary shall use to provide technical assistance under 
    the terms of the partnership agreement.
        ``(2) Limitation.--The Secretary shall limit costs of the 
    Secretary for technical assistance to costs specific and necessary 
    to carry out the objectives of the program.
        ``(3) Third-party providers.--The Secretary shall develop and 
    implement strategies to encourage third-party technical service 
    providers to provide technical assistance to eligible partners 
    pursuant to a partnership agreement.''.
SEC. 2706. ADMINISTRATION.
    Section 1271E of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871e) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``1271B(d)'' each place it 
    appears and inserting ``1271B(e)'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``December 31, 2014'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019'';
            (B) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
        paragraphs (2) through (5), respectively;
            (C) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
        ``(1) a summary of--
            ``(A) the progress made towards achieving the conservation 
        benefits defined for the projects; and
            ``(B) any other related outcomes of the projects;'';
            (D) in paragraph (4) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``and'' at the end;
            (E) in paragraph (5) (as so redesignated)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
            striking ``1271C(b)(2)'' and inserting ``1271C(d)''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (F) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) in the case of a project within a critical conservation 
    area under section 1271F, the status of each priority resource 
    concern for each designated critical conservation area, including--
            ``(A) the priority resource concerns for which each 
        critical conservation area is designated;
            ``(B) conservation goals and outcomes sufficient to 
        demonstrate that progress is being made to address the priority 
        resource concerns;
            ``(C) the partnership agreements selected to address each 
        conservation goal and outcome; and
            ``(D) the extent to which each conservation goal and 
        outcome is being addressed by the partnership agreements.''; 
        and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Compliance With Certain Requirements.--The Secretary may not 
provide assistance under the program to a producer unless the producer 
agrees, during the program year for which the assistance is provided--
        ``(1) to comply with applicable conservation requirements under 
    subtitle B; and
        ``(2) to comply with applicable wetland protection requirements 
    under subtitle C.
    ``(d) Historically Underserved Producers.--To the maximum extent 
practicable, in carrying out the program, the Secretary and eligible 
partners shall conduct outreach to beginning farmers and ranchers, 
veteran farmers and ranchers, socially disadvantaged farmers and 
ranchers, and limited resource farmers and ranchers to encourage 
participation by those producers in a project subject to a partnership 
agreement or funding agreement under 1271C(d).
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary shall issue regulations to carry 
out the program.''.
SEC. 2707. CRITICAL CONSERVATION AREAS.
    Section 1271F of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3871f) is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (a), (b), and (c) as 
    subsections (b), (c), and (e), respectively;
        (2) by inserting before subsection (b) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Critical conservation area.--The term `critical 
    conservation area' means a geographical area that contains a 
    critical conservation condition that can be addressed through the 
    program.
        ``(2) Priority resource concern.--The term `priority resource 
    concern' means a natural resource concern located in a critical 
    conservation area that can be addressed through--
            ``(A) water quality improvement, including through reducing 
        erosion, promoting sediment control, and addressing nutrient 
        management activities affecting large bodies of water of 
        regional, national, or international significance;
            ``(B) water quantity improvement, including improvement 
        relating to--
                ``(i) drought;
                ``(ii) groundwater, surface water, aquifer, or other 
            water sources; or
                ``(iii) water retention and flood prevention;
            ``(C) wildlife habitat restoration to address species of 
        concern at a Federal, State, or local level; and
            ``(D) other natural resource improvements, as determined by 
        the Secretary, within the critical conservation area.'';
        (3) in subsection (b) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) by striking ``(b) In General.--'' and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Applications.--'';
            (B) by striking ``1271D(d)(3)'' and inserting 
        ``1271D(d)(2)'';
            (C) by striking ``producer'' and inserting ``program''; and
            (D) by inserting ``that address 1 or more priority resource 
        concerns for which the critical conservation area is 
        designated'' before the period at the end;
        (4) in subsection (c) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
        paragraphs (2) through (4), respectively;
            (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) (as so redesignated) 
        the following:
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall identify 1 or more 
    priority resource concerns that apply to each critical conservation 
    area designated under this section after the date of enactment of 
    the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79; 128 Stat. 649), 
    including the conservation goals and outcomes sufficient to 
    demonstrate that progress is being made to address the priority 
    resource concern.'';
            (C) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)--
                (i) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D) and inserting 
            the following:
            ``(C) contains 1 or more priority resource concerns; or''; 
        and
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph 
            (D); and
            (D) by striking paragraph (3) (as so redesignated) and 
        inserting the following:
        ``(3) Review and withdrawal.--The Secretary may--
            ``(A) review designations of critical conservation areas 
        under this section not more frequently than once every 5 years; 
        and
            ``(B) withdraw designation of a critical conservation area 
        only if the Secretary determines that the area is no longer a 
        critical conservation area.'';
        (5) by inserting after subsection (c) (as so redesignated) the 
    following:
    ``(d) Outreach to Eligible Partners and Producers.--The Secretary 
shall provide outreach and education to eligible partners and producers 
in critical conservation areas designated under this section to 
encourage the development of projects to address each priority resource 
concern identified by the Secretary for that critical conservation 
area.''; and
        (6) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``producer'' and 
        inserting ``program''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (3).

              Subtitle H--Repeals and Technical Amendments

                            PART I--REPEALS

SEC. 2811. REPEAL OF CONSERVATION CORRIDOR DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Subtitle G of title II of the Farm Security and 
Rural Investment Act of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public Law 107-171) 
is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 5059 of the Water Resources 
Development Act of 2007 (16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public Law 110-114) is 
repealed.
SEC. 2812. REPEAL OF CRANBERRY ACREAGE RESERVE PROGRAM.
    Section 10608 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(16 U.S.C. 3801 note; Public Law 107-171) is repealed.
SEC. 2813. REPEAL OF NATIONAL NATURAL RESOURCES FOUNDATION.
    Subtitle F of title III of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and 
Reform Act of 1996 (16 U.S.C. 5801 et seq.) is repealed.
SEC. 2814. REPEAL OF FLOOD RISK REDUCTION.
    Section 385 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (7 U.S.C. 7334) is repealed.
SEC. 2815. REPEAL OF STUDY OF LAND USE FOR EXPIRING CONTRACTS AND 
EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY.
    Section 1437 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (16 U.S.C. 3831 note; Public Law 101-624) is repealed.
SEC. 2816. REPEAL OF INTEGRATED FARM MANAGEMENT PROGRAM OPTION.
    Section 1451 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5822) is repealed.
SEC. 2817. REPEAL OF CLARIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF AGRICULTURAL LANDS.
    Section 325 of the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act 
of 1996 (Public Law 104-127; 110 Stat. 992) is repealed.

                     PART II--TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS

SEC. 2821. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act.--Section 5(4) of 
the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act (16 U.S.C. 1005(4)) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``goodwater'' and inserting ``floodwater''; and
        (2) by striking ``Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare'' 
    each place it appears and inserting ``Secretary of Health and Human 
    Services''.
    (b) Delineation of Wetlands; Exemptions.--Section 1222(j) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3822(j)) is amended by striking 
``National Resources Conservation Service'' and inserting ``Natural 
Resources Conservation Service''.
    (c) Farmable Wetland Program.--Section 1231B(b)(2)(A)(i) of the 
Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831b(b)(2)(A)(i)) is amended by 
adding a semicolon at the end.
    (d) Terminal Lakes Assistance.--Section 2507 of the Farm Security 
and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (16 U.S.C. 3839bb-6) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (1);
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (1); and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) No additional funds.--
            ``(A) In general.--Nothing in this section authorizes any 
        additional funds to carry out this section.
            ``(B) Availability of funds.--Any funds made available to 
        carry out this section before the date of enactment of the 
        Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 may remain available until 
        expended.''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Termination of Authority.--The authority provided by this 
section shall terminate on October 1, 2023.''.
    (e) Delivery of Technical Assistance.--Section 1242 of the Food 
Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3842) is amended by striking ``third 
party'' each place it appears and inserting ``third-party''.
    (f) Administrative Requirements for Conservation Programs.--Section 
1244(b)(4)(B) of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 
3844(b)(4)(B)) is amended by striking ``General Accounting Office'' and 
inserting ``Government Accountability Office''.
SEC. 2822. STATE TECHNICAL COMMITTEES.
    (a) Standards.--Section 1261(b)(2) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3861(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``under section 
1262(b)''.
    (b) Composition.--Section 1261(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 
(16 U.S.C. 3861(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(14) The State Cooperative Extension Service and land grant 
    university in the State.''.

                            TITLE III--TRADE
                     Subtitle A--Food for Peace Act

SEC. 3101. LABELING REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 202(g) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(g)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Labeling of Assistance.--Agricultural commodities and other 
assistance provided under this title shall, to the extent practicable, 
be clearly identified with appropriate markings on the package or 
container of such agricultural commodities or food procured outside of 
the United States, or on printed material that accompanies other 
assistance, in the language of the locality in which such commodities 
and other assistance are distributed, as being furnished by the people 
of the United States of America.''.
SEC. 3102. FOOD AID QUALITY ASSURANCE.
    Section 202(h)(3) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1722(h)(3)) 
is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 3103. LOCAL SALE AND BARTER OF COMMODITIES.
    Section 203 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1723) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``to generate proceeds to 
    be used as provided in this section'' before the period at the end;
        (2) by striking subsection (b); and
        (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (b) 
    and (c), respectively.
SEC. 3104. MINIMUM LEVELS OF ASSISTANCE.
    Section 204(a) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1724(a)) is 
amended in paragraphs (1) and (2) by striking ``2018'' both places it 
appears and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 3105. FOOD AID CONSULTATIVE GROUP.
    Section 205 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1725) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d)(1), in the first sentence, by striking 
    ``45'' and inserting ``30''; and
        (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''.
SEC. 3106. ISSUANCE OF REGULATIONS.
    Section 207(c)(1) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(c)(1)) 
is amended by striking ``the Agricultural Act of 2014''and inserting 
``the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018''.
SEC. 3107. OVERSIGHT, MONITORING, AND EVALUATION.
    Section 207(f)(4) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726a(f)(4)) 
is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by striking ``$17,000,000'' and inserting ``1.5 
        percent, but not less than $17,000,000,''; and
            (B) by striking ``2018'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``2023''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) in clause (i), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``chapter 1 of part I of''.
SEC. 3108. ASSISTANCE FOR STOCKPILING AND RAPID TRANSPORTATION, 
DELIVERY, AND DISTRIBUTION OF SHELF-STABLE PREPACKAGED FOODS.
    Section 208 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1726b) is amended--
        (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: 
    ``international food relief partnership.''; and
        (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''.
SEC. 3109. CONSIDERATION OF IMPACT OF PROVISION OF AGRICULTURAL 
COMMODITIES AND OTHER ASSISTANCE ON LOCAL FARMERS AND ECONOMY.
    (a) Inclusion of All Modalities.--Section 403(a) of the Food for 
Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(a)) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
    food procured outside of the United States, food voucher, or cash 
    transfer for food'' after ``agricultural commodity'';
        (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``in the case of the 
    provision of an agricultural commodity,'' before ``adequate''; and
        (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commodity'' and inserting 
    ``agricultural commodity or use of the food procured outside of the 
    United States, food voucher, or cash transfer for food''.
    (b) Avoidance of Disruptive Impact.--Section 403(b) of the Food for 
Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733(b)) is amended--
        (1) in the first sentence, by inserting ``, the use of food 
    procured outside of the United States, food vouchers, and cash 
    transfers for food,'' after ``agricultural commodities''; and
        (2) in the second sentence, by striking ``of sales of 
    agricultural commodities''.
SEC. 3110. ALLOWANCE FOR DISTRIBUTION COSTS.
    Section 406(b)(6) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736(b)(6)) 
is amended by striking ``and distribution costs'' and inserting ``, 
distribution, and program implementation costs to use the 
commodities''.
SEC. 3111. PREPOSITIONING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES.
    Section 407(c)(4)(A) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' each place it appears 
and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 3112. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING FOOD AID PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.
    (a) In General.--Section 407(f) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736a(f)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(f) Annual Report Regarding Food Aid Programs and Activities.--
        ``(1) Annual report.--Not later than April 1 of each fiscal 
    year, the Administrator and the Secretary shall jointly, or each 
    separately, prepare and submit to the appropriate committees of 
    Congress a report regarding each program and activity carried out 
    under this Act by the Administrator, the Secretary, or both, as 
    applicable, during the prior fiscal year.
        ``(2) Contents.--An annual report described in paragraph (1) 
    shall include, with respect to the prior fiscal year, the 
    following:
            ``(A) A list that contains a description of each country 
        and organization that receives food and other assistance under 
        this Act (including the quantity of food and assistance 
        provided to each country and organization).
            ``(B) A general description of each project and activity 
        implemented under this Act (including each activity funded 
        through the use of local currencies) and the total number of 
        beneficiaries of the project.
            ``(C) A statement describing the quantity of agricultural 
        commodities made available to, and the total number of 
        beneficiaries in, each country pursuant to--
                ``(i) this Act;
                ``(ii) section 416(b) of the Agricultural Act of 1949 
            (7 U.S.C. 1431(b));
                ``(iii) the Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 
            1736o); and
                ``(iv) the McGovern-Dole International Food for 
            Education and Child Nutrition Program established by 
            section 3107 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
            of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 1736o-1).
            ``(D) An assessment of the progress made through programs 
        under this Act towards reducing food insecurity in the 
        populations receiving food assistance from the United States.
            ``(E) A description of efforts undertaken by the Food Aid 
        Consultative Group under section 205 to achieve an integrated 
        and effective food assistance program.
            ``(F) An assessment of--
                ``(i) each program oversight, monitoring, and 
            evaluation system implemented under section 207(f); and
                ``(ii) the impact of each program oversight, 
            monitoring, and evaluation system on the effectiveness and 
            efficiency of assistance provided under this title.
            ``(G) An assessment of the progress made by the 
        Administrator in addressing issues relating to quality with 
        respect to the provision of food assistance.
            ``(H) A statement of the amount of funds (including funds 
        for administrative costs, indirect cost recovery, internal 
        transportation, storage and handling, and associated 
        distribution costs) provided to each eligible organization that 
        received assistance under this Act, that further describes the 
        following:
                ``(i) How such funds were used by the eligible 
            organization.
                ``(ii) The actual rate of return for each commodity 
            made available under this Act, including factors that 
            influenced the rate of return, and, for the commodity, the 
            costs of bagging or further processing, ocean 
            transportation, inland transportation in the recipient 
            country, storage costs, and any other information that the 
            Administrator and the Secretary determine to be necessary.
                ``(iii) For each instance in which a commodity was made 
            available under this Act at a rate of return less than 70 
            percent, the reasons for the rate of return realized.
            ``(I) For funds expended for purposes of section 202(e), 
        406(b)(6), and 407(c)(1)(B), a detailed accounting of the 
        expenditures and purposes of such expenditures with respect to 
        each such section.
        ``(3) Rate of return described.--For purposes of applying 
    subparagraph (H) of paragraph (2), the rate of return for a 
    commodity shall be equal to the proportion that--
            ``(A) the proceeds the implementing partners generate 
        through monetization; bears to
            ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to procure and 
        ship the commodity to a recipient country for monetization.''.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Subsection (m) of section 403 of the Food 
for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1733) is repealed.
SEC. 3113. DEADLINE FOR AGREEMENTS TO FINANCE SALES OR TO PROVIDE OTHER 
ASSISTANCE.
    Section 408 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736b) is amended 
by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 3114. MINIMUM LEVEL OF NONEMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE.
    Section 412(e) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736f(e)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Minimum Level of Nonemergency Food Assistance.--
        ``(1) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, 
    not less than $365,000,000 of the amounts made available to carry 
    out emergency and nonemergency food assistance programs under title 
    II, nor more than 30 percent of such amounts, shall be expended for 
    nonemergency food assistance programs under such title.
        ``(2) Community development funds.--Funds appropriated each 
    year to carry out part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
    U.S.C. 2151 et seq.) that are made available through grants or 
    cooperative agreements to strengthen food security in developing 
    countries and that are consistent with section 202(e)(1)(C) may be 
    considered amounts expended for nonemergency food assistance 
    programs for purposes of paragraph (1).
        ``(3) Farmer-to-farmer program.--In determining the amount 
    expended for a fiscal year for nonemergency food assistance 
    programs under paragraph (1), amounts expended for that year to 
    carry out programs under section 501 may be considered amounts 
    expended for nonemergency food assistance programs.''.
SEC. 3115. TERMINATION DATE FOR MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFICATION PROGRAMS.
    Section 415(c) of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1736g-2(c)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 3116. JOHN OGONOWSKI AND DOUG BEREUTER FARMER-TO-FARMER PROGRAM.
    Section 501 of the Food for Peace Act (7 U.S.C. 1737) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``section 1342 of title 31, United States Code, or'' after 
        ``Notwithstanding'';
            (B) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``technical'' before 
        ``assistance''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
            inserting ``employees or staff of a State cooperative 
            institution (as such term is defined in paragraph 18 of 
            section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
            Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103), 
            except that subparagraphs (E), (F), and (G) of such 
            paragraph shall not apply),'' after ``private 
            corporations,''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) by striking ``; and'' at the end of clause 
                (viii); and
                    (II) by striking clause (ix) and inserting the 
                following:

                ``(ix) agricultural education and extension;
                ``(x) selection of seed varieties and plant stocks;
                ``(xi) knowledge of insecticide and sanitation 
            procedures to prevent crop destruction;
                ``(xii) use and maintenance of agricultural equipment 
            and irrigation systems; and
                ``(xiii) selection of fertilizers and methods of soils 
            treatment; and'';
        (2) in subsection (d), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
    by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
        (3) in subsection (e)(1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
    (A), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Grant Program to Create New Partners and Innovation.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Administrator of the Agency for 
    International Development shall develop a grant program to be 
    carried out in fiscal years 2019 through 2023 to facilitate new and 
    innovative partnerships and activities under this title.
        ``(2) Use of funds.--A grant recipient under this subsection 
    shall use funds received under this subsection to--
            ``(A) prioritize new implementing partners;
            ``(B) develop innovative volunteer models;
            ``(C) develop, improve, or maintain strategic partnerships 
        with other United States development programs; and
            ``(D) expand the footprint and impact of the programs and 
        activities under this title, and diversity among program 
        participants, including land-grant colleges and universities 
        and cooperative extension services (as such terms are defined 
        in section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
        Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3103)).''.

               Subtitle B--Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

SEC. 3201. AGRICULTURAL TRADE PROMOTION AND FACILITATION.
    (a) In General.--Section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 
(7 U.S.C. 5623) is amended to read as follows:
    ``SEC. 203. AGRICULTURAL TRADE PROMOTION AND FACILITATION.
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall carry out activities 
under this section--
        ``(1) to access, develop, maintain, and expand markets for 
    United States agricultural commodities; and
        ``(2) to promote cooperation and the exchange of information.
    ``(b) Market Access Program.--
        ``(1) Definition of eligible trade organization.--In this 
    subsection, the term `eligible trade organization' means--
            ``(A) a United States agricultural trade organization or 
        regional State-related organization that promotes the export 
        and sale of United States agricultural commodities and that 
        does not stand to profit directly from specific sales of United 
        States agricultural commodities;
            ``(B) a cooperative organization or State agency that 
        promotes the sale of United States agricultural commodities; or
            ``(C) a private organization that promotes the export and 
        sale of United States agricultural commodities if the Secretary 
        determines that such organization would significantly 
        contribute to United States export market development.
        ``(2) In general.--The Commodity Credit Corporation shall 
    establish and carry out a program, to be known as the `Market 
    Access Program', to encourage the development, maintenance, and 
    expansion of commercial export markets for United States 
    agricultural commodities (including commodities that are 
    organically produced (as defined in section 2103 of the Organic 
    Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6502))) through cost-share 
    assistance to eligible trade organizations that implement a foreign 
    market development program.
        ``(3) Participation requirements.--
            ``(A) Marketing plan and other requirements.--To be 
        eligible for cost-share assistance under this subsection, an 
        eligible trade organization shall--
                ``(i) prepare and submit a marketing plan to the 
            Secretary that meets the guidelines governing such a 
            marketing plan specified in this paragraph or otherwise 
            established by the Secretary;
                ``(ii) meet any other requirements established by the 
            Secretary; and
                ``(iii) enter into an agreement with the Secretary.
            ``(B) Purpose of marketing plan.--A marketing plan 
        submitted under this paragraph shall describe the advertising 
        or other market oriented export promotion activities to be 
        carried out by the eligible trade organization with respect to 
        which assistance under this subsection is being requested.
            ``(C) Specific elements.--To be approved by the Secretary, 
        a marketing plan submitted under this paragraph shall--
                ``(i) specifically describe the manner in which 
            assistance received by the eligible trade organization, in 
            conjunction with funds and services provided by the 
            eligible trade organization, will be expended in 
            implementing the marketing plan;
                ``(ii) establish specific market goals to be achieved 
            under the marketing plan; and
                ``(iii) contain whatever additional requirements are 
            determined by the Secretary to be necessary.
            ``(D) Branded promotion.--A marketing plan approved by the 
        Secretary may provide for the use of branded advertising to 
        promote the sale of United States agricultural commodities in a 
        foreign country under such terms and conditions as may be 
        established by the Secretary.
            ``(E) Amendments.--An approved marketing plan may be 
        amended by the eligible trade organization at any time, subject 
        to the approval of the amendment by the Secretary.
        ``(4) Level of assistance and cost-share requirements.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall justify in writing 
        the level of assistance to be provided to an eligible trade 
        organization under this subsection and the level of cost 
        sharing required of the organization.
            ``(B) Limitation on branded promotion.--Assistance provided 
        under this subsection for activities described in paragraph 
        (3)(D) shall not exceed 50 percent of the cost of implementing 
        the marketing plan, except that the Secretary may determine not 
        to apply such limitation in the case of United States 
        agricultural commodities with respect to which there has been a 
        favorable decision by the United States Trade Representative 
        under section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2411). 
        Criteria used by the Secretary for determining that the 
        limitation shall not apply shall be consistent and documented.
        ``(5) Other terms and conditions.--
            ``(A) Multiyear basis.--The Secretary may provide 
        assistance under this subsection on a multiyear basis, subject 
        to annual review by the Secretary for compliance with the 
        approved marketing plan.
            ``(B) Termination of assistance.--The Secretary may 
        terminate any assistance made, or to be made, available under 
        this subsection if the Secretary determines that--
                ``(i) the eligible trade organization is not adhering 
            to the terms and conditions applicable to the provision of 
            the assistance;
                ``(ii) the eligible trade organization is not 
            implementing the approved marketing plan or is not 
            adequately meeting the established goals of the plan;
                ``(iii) the eligible trade organization is not 
            adequately contributing its own resources to the 
            implementation of the plan; or
                ``(iv) the Secretary determines that termination of 
            assistance in a particular instance is in the best 
            interests of the Market Access Program.
            ``(C) Evaluations.--Beginning not later than 15 months 
        after the initial provision of assistance under this subsection 
        to an eligible trade organization, the Secretary shall monitor 
        the expenditures by the eligible trade organization of such 
        assistance, including the following:
                ``(i) An evaluation of the effectiveness of the 
            marketing plan of the eligible trade organization in 
            developing or maintaining markets for United States 
            agricultural commodities.
                ``(ii) An evaluation of whether assistance provided 
            under this subsection is necessary to maintain such 
            markets.
                ``(iii) A thorough accounting of the expenditure by the 
            eligible trade organization of the assistance provided 
            under this subsection.
        ``(6) Restrictions on use of funds.--Assistance provided under 
    this subsection to an eligible trade organization may not be used--
            ``(A) to provide direct assistance to any foreign for-
        profit corporation for the corporation's use in promoting 
        foreign-produced products; or
            ``(B) to provide direct assistance to any for-profit 
        corporation that is not recognized as a small business concern 
        (as described in section 3(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 632(a))), excluding--
                ``(i) a cooperative;
                ``(ii) an association described in the first section of 
            the Act entitled `An Act To authorize association of 
            producers of agricultural products', approved February 18, 
            1922 (7 U.S.C. 291); or
                ``(iii) a nonprofit trade association.
        ``(7) Permissive use of funds.--Assistance provided under this 
    subsection to a United States agricultural trade association, 
    cooperative, or small business may be used for individual branded 
    promotional activity related to a United States branded product, if 
    the beneficiaries of the activity have provided funds for the 
    activity in an amount that is at least equivalent to the amount of 
    such assistance.
        ``(8) Priority.--In providing assistance for branded promotion, 
    the Secretary should give priority to small-sized entities.
        ``(9) Contribution level.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary should require a minimum 
        contribution level of 10 percent from an eligible trade 
        organization that receives assistance for nonbranded promotion.
            ``(B) Increases in contribution level.--The Secretary may 
        increase the contribution level in any subsequent year that an 
        eligible trade organization receives assistance for nonbranded 
        promotion.
        ``(10) Additionality.--The Secretary should require each 
    participant in the Market Access Program to certify that any 
    Federal funds received supplement, but do not supplant, private or 
    third party participant funds or other contributions to Program 
    activities.
        ``(11) Independent audits.--If as a result of an evaluation or 
    audit of activities of a participant under the Market Access 
    Program, the Secretary determines that a further review is 
    justified in order to ensure compliance with the requirements of 
    the Program, the Secretary should require the participant to 
    contract for an independent audit of the Program activities, 
    including activities of any subcontractor.
        ``(12) Tobacco.--No funds made available under the Market 
    Access Program may be used for activities to develop, maintain, or 
    expand foreign markets for tobacco.
    ``(c) Foreign Market Development Cooperator Program.--
        ``(1) Definition of eligible trade organization.--In this 
    subsection, the term `eligible trade organization' means a United 
    States trade organization that--
            ``(A) promotes the export of 1 or more United States 
        agricultural commodities; and
            ``(B) does not have a business interest in or receive 
        remuneration from specific sales of agricultural commodities.
        ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and, in 
    cooperation with eligible trade organizations, carry out a program 
    to be known as the `Foreign Market Development Cooperator Program' 
    to maintain and develop foreign markets for United States 
    agricultural commodities.
        ``(3) Use of funds.--Funds made available to carry out this 
    subsection shall be used only to provide--
            ``(A) cost-share assistance to an eligible trade 
        organization under a contract or agreement with the eligible 
        trade organization; and
            ``(B) assistance for other costs that are appropriate to 
        carry out the Foreign Market Development Cooperator Program, 
        including contingent liabilities that are not otherwise funded.
    ``(d) E (Kika) De La Garza Emerging Markets Program.--
        ``(1) Definition of emerging market.--In this subsection, the 
    term `emerging market' means any country, foreign territory, 
    customs union, or other economic market that the Secretary 
    determines--
            ``(A) is taking steps toward a market-oriented economy 
        through the food, agriculture, or rural business sectors of its 
        economy; and
            ``(B) has the potential to provide a viable and significant 
        market for United States agricultural commodities.
        ``(2) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and carry 
    out a program, to be known as the `E (Kika) de la Garza Emerging 
    Markets Program'--
            ``(A) to develop agricultural markets in emerging markets; 
        and
            ``(B) to promote cooperation and exchange of information 
        between agricultural institutions and agribusinesses in the 
        United States and emerging markets.
        ``(3) Development of agricultural systems.--
            ``(A) In general.--
                ``(i) Implementation.--To develop, maintain, or expand 
            markets for exports of United States agricultural 
            commodities, the Secretary shall make available to emerging 
            markets the expertise of the United States--

                    ``(I) to make assessments of food and rural 
                business systems needs;
                    ``(II) to make recommendations on measures 
                necessary to enhance the effectiveness of the food and 
                rural business systems described in subclause (I), 
                including potential reductions in trade barriers; and
                    ``(III) to identify and carry out specific 
                opportunities and projects to enhance the effectiveness 
                of the food and rural business systems described in 
                subclause (I).

                ``(ii) Extent of program.--The Secretary shall 
            implement this subparagraph with respect to at least 3 
            emerging markets in each fiscal year.
            ``(B) Experts from the united states.--The Secretary may 
        implement subparagraph (A) by providing--
                ``(i) assistance to teams (consisting primarily of 
            agricultural consultants, agricultural producers, other 
            persons from the private sector, and government officials 
            expert in assessing the food and rural business systems of 
            other countries) to enable those teams to conduct the 
            assessments, make the recommendations, and identify the 
            opportunities and projects described in subparagraph (A)(i) 
            in emerging markets;
                ``(ii) for necessary subsistence and transportation 
            expenses of--

                    ``(I) United States food and rural business system 
                experts, including United States agricultural producers 
                and other United States individuals knowledgeable in 
                agricultural and agribusiness matters, to enable such 
                United States food and rural business system experts to 
                assist in transferring knowledge and expertise to 
                entities from emerging markets; and
                    ``(II) individuals designated by emerging markets 
                to enable such designated individuals to consult with 
                such United States experts to enhance food and rural 
                business systems of such emerging markets and to 
                transfer knowledge and expertise to such emerging 
                markets.

            ``(C) Cost-sharing.--The Secretary shall encourage the 
        nongovernmental experts described in subparagraph (B) to share 
        the costs of, and otherwise assist in, the participation of 
        those experts in the E (Kika) de la Garza Emerging Markets 
        Program.
            ``(D) Technical assistance.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        provide, or pay the necessary costs for, technical assistance 
        (including the establishment of extension services) to enable 
        individuals or other entities to carry out recommendations, 
        projects, and opportunities in emerging markets, including 
        recommendations, projects, and opportunities described in 
        subclauses (II) and (III) of subparagraph (A)(i).
            ``(E) Reports to secretary.--A team that receives 
        assistance under subparagraph (B)(i) shall prepare and submit 
        to the Secretary such reports as the Secretary may require.
            ``(F) Advisory committee.--To provide the Secretary with 
        information that may be useful to the Secretary in carrying out 
        this subsection, the Secretary may establish an advisory 
        committee composed of representatives of the various sectors of 
        the food and rural business systems of the United States.
            ``(G) Effect.--The authority provided under this subsection 
        shall be in addition to and not in place of any other authority 
        of the Secretary or the Commodity Credit Corporation.
    ``(e) Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops.--
        ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall 
    establish an export assistance program, in this subsection referred 
    to as the `program', to address existing or potential unique 
    barriers that prohibit or threaten the export of United States 
    specialty crops.
        ``(2) Purpose.--The program shall provide direct assistance 
    through public and private sector projects and technical 
    assistance, including through the program under section 2(e) of the 
    Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 
    3157(e)), to remove, resolve, or mitigate existing or potential 
    sanitary, phytosanitary, and technical barriers to trade.
        ``(3) Priority.--The program shall address time sensitive and 
    strategic market access projects based on--
            ``(A) trade effect on market retention, market access, and 
        market expansion; and
            ``(B) trade impact.
        ``(4) Multiyear projects.--The Secretary may provide assistance 
    under the program to a project for longer than a 5-year period if 
    the Secretary determines that further assistance would effectively 
    support the purpose described in paragraph (2).
        ``(5) Outreach and technical assistance.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) conduct outreach to inform eligible organizations of 
        the requirements of the program and the process by which such 
        organizations may submit proposals for funding;
            ``(B) provide technical assistance to eligible 
        organizations to assist in developing proposals and complying 
        with the requirements of the program; and
            ``(C) solicit input from eligible organizations on 
        improvements to streamline and facilitate the provision of 
        assistance under this subsection.
        ``(6) Regulations and procedures.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
        Secretary shall review program regulations, procedures, and 
        guidelines for assistance under this subsection and make 
        revisions to streamline, improve, and clarify the application, 
        approval and compliance processes for such assistance, 
        including revisions to implement the requirements of paragraph 
        (5).
            ``(B) Considerations.--In reviewing and making revisions 
        under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider--
                ``(i) establishing accountability standards that are 
            appropriate for the size and scope of a project; and
                ``(ii) establishing streamlined application and 
            approval processes, including for smaller-scale projects or 
            projects to address time-sensitive trade barriers.
        ``(7) Annual report.--Each year, the Secretary shall submit to 
    the appropriate committees of Congress a report that contains, for 
    the period covered by the report, a description of--
            ``(A) each factor that affects the export of specialty 
        crops, including each factor relating to any--
                ``(i) significant sanitary or phytosanitary issue;
                ``(ii) trade barrier; or
                ``(iii) emerging sanitary or phytosanitary issue or 
            trade barrier; and
            ``(B)(i) any funds provided under subsection (f)(3)(A)(iv) 
        that were not obligated in a fiscal year; and
            ``(ii) the reason such funds were not obligated.
    ``(f) Funding and Administration.--
        ``(1) Commodity credit corporation.--The Secretary shall use 
    the funds, facilities, and authorities of the Commodity Credit 
    Corporation to carry out this section.
        ``(2) Funding amount.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 
    2023, of the funds of, or an equal value of commodities owned by, 
    the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry 
    out this section $255,000,000, to remain available until expended.
        ``(3) Allocation.--
            ``(A) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 
        2023, the Secretary shall allocate funds to carry out this 
        section in accordance with the following:
                ``(i) Market access program.--For market access 
            activities authorized under subsection (b), of the funds 
            of, or an equal value of commodities owned by, the 
            Commodity Credit Corporation, not less than $200,000,000 
            for each fiscal year.
                ``(ii) Foreign market development cooperator program.--
            To carry out subsection (c), of the funds of, or an equal 
            value of commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit 
            Corporation, not less than $34,500,000 for each fiscal 
            year.
                ``(iii) E (kika) de la garza emerging markets 
            program.--To provide assistance under subsection (d), of 
            the funds of, or an equal value of commodities owned by, 
            the Commodity Credit Corporation, not more than $8,000,000 
            for each fiscal year.
                ``(iv) Technical assistance for specialty crops.--To 
            carry out subsection (e), of the funds of, or an equal 
            value of the commodities owned by, the Commodity Credit 
            Corporation, $9,000,000 for each fiscal year.
                ``(v) Priority trade fund.--

                    ``(I) In general.--In addition to the amounts 
                allocated under clauses (i) through (iv), and 
                notwithstanding any limitations in those clauses, as 
                determined by the Secretary, for 1 or more programs 
                under this section for authorized activities to access, 
                develop, maintain, and expand markets for United States 
                agricultural commodities, $3,500,000 for each fiscal 
                year.
                    ``(II) Considerations.--In allocating funds made 
                available under subclause (I), the Secretary may 
                consider providing a greater allocation to 1 or more 
                programs under this section for which the amounts 
                requested under applications exceed available funding 
                for the 1 or more programs.

            ``(B) Reallocation.--Any funds allocated under clauses (i) 
        through (iv) of subparagraph (A) that remain unobligated one 
        year after the end of the fiscal year in which they are first 
        made available shall be reallocated to the priority trade fund 
        under subparagraph (A)(v). To the maximum extent practicable, 
        the Secretary shall allocate such reallocated funds to support 
        exports of those types of United States agricultural 
        commodities eligible for assistance under the program for which 
        the funds were originally allocated under subparagraph (A).
        ``(4) Cuba.--Notwithstanding section 908 of the Trade Sanctions 
    Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7207) or any 
    other provision of law, funds made available under this section may 
    be used to carry out the programs authorized under subsections (b) 
    and (c) in Cuba. Funds may not be used as described in the previous 
    sentence in contravention with directives set forth under the 
    National Security Presidential Memorandum entitled `Strengthening 
    the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba' issued by the 
    President on June 16, 2017, during the period in which that 
    memorandum is in effect.
        ``(5) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to any 
    other amounts provided under this subsection, there are authorized 
    to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out the 
    programs and authorities under paragraph (3)(A)(v) and subsections 
    (b) through (e).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Market access program.--
            (A) Section 211 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 
        U.S.C. 5641) is amended by striking subsection (c).
            (B) Section 402(a)(1) of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 
        (7 U.S.C. 5662(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``203'' and 
        inserting ``203(b)''.
            (C) Section 282(f)(2)(C) of the Agricultural Marketing Act 
        of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1638a(f)(2)(C)) is amended by striking 
        ``section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 
        5623)'' and inserting ``section 203(b) of the Agricultural 
        Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623(b))''.
            (D) Section 718 of the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food 
        and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations 
        Act, 1999 (7 U.S.C. 5623 note; Public Law 105-277) is amended 
        by striking ``section 203 of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 
        (7 U.S.C. 5623)'' and inserting ``section 203(b) of the 
        Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5623(b)''.
            (E) Section 1302 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act 
        of 1993 is repealed.
        (2) Foreign market development cooperator program.--Title VII 
    of the Agricultural Trade Act of 1978 (7 U.S.C. 5721 et seq.) is 
    repealed.
        (3) E (kika) de la garza emerging markets program.--
            (A) Section 1542 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, 
        and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C 5622 note; Public Law 101-624) 
        is amended--
                (i) by striking subsection (d);
                (ii) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as 
            subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
                (iii) in subsection (e) (as so redesignated)--

                    (I) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``country'' and inserting ``country, foreign 
                territory, customs union, or other economic market''; 
                and
                    (II) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the economy of 
                the country'' and inserting ``its economy''.

            (B) Section 1543(b)(5) of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293(b)(5)) is 
        amended by striking ``section 1542(f)'' and inserting ``section 
        1542(e)''.
            (C) Section 1543A(c)(2) of the Food, Agriculture, 
        Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5679(c)(2)) is 
        amended by inserting ``and section 203(d) of the Agricultural 
        Trade Act of 1978'' after ``section 1542''.
        (4) Technical assistance for specialty crops.--Section 3205 of 
    the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 5680) 
    is repealed.

               Subtitle C--Other Agricultural Trade Laws

SEC. 3301. GROWING AMERICAN FOOD EXPORTS.
    Section 1543A of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5679) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(1)(A), by inserting ``or new agricultural 
    production technologies'' after ``biotechnology''; and
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``$6,000,000'' and all that 
    follows through the period at the end and inserting ``$2,000,000 
    for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.
SEC. 3302. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT OF 1985.
    Section 1110 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (also known as the 
Food for Progress Act of 1985 (7 U.S.C. 1736o)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``President'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``Secretary'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (5)--
                (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (E);
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph 
            (G); and
                (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following 
            new subparagraph:
            ``(F) a college or university (as such terms are defined in 
        section 1404(4) of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (7 
        U.S.C. 3103(4)); and''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(10) Rate of return.--For purposes of applying subsection 
    (j)(3), the rate of return for an eligible commodity shall be equal 
    to the proportion that--
            ``(A) the proceeds eligible entities generate through 
        monetization of such commodity, bears to
            ``(B) the cost to the Federal Government to procure and 
        ship the commodity to the country where it is monetized.
        ``(11) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of 
    Agriculture.'';
        (3) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023'';
        (4) in subsection (g), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023'';
        (5) in subsection (j)(3)--
            (A) by striking ``December 1'' and inserting ``April 1'';
            (B) by striking ``of the Senate a list of programs'' and 
        inserting ``of the Senate--
    ``(A) a list of programs'';
            (C) by striking ``approved to date for the fiscal year'' 
        and inserting ``approved during the prior fiscal year'';
            (D) by striking the period at the end and inserting a 
        semicolon; and
            (E) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(B) a description of the actual rate of return for each 
        commodity made available under this section for the previous 
        fiscal year including--
                ``(i) factors that influenced the rate of return; and
                ``(ii) with respect to the commodity, the costs of 
            bagging or further processing, ocean transportation, inland 
            transportation, storage costs, and any other information 
            that the Secretary determines to be necessary; and
            ``(C) for each instance in which a commodity was made 
        available under this section at a rate of return less than 70 
        percent, an explanation for the rate of return realized.''.
        (6) in subsection (k), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023'';
        (7) in subsection (l)(1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023'';
        (8) in the heading of subsection (m), by striking 
    ``Presidential'' and inserting ``Secretarial'';
        (9) in subsection (o), by striking ``(acting through the 
    Secretary)'';
        (10) in subsection (o)(1), by striking ``subparagraphs (C) and 
    (F)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (C) and (G)''; and
        (11) by adding at the end the following new subsection:.
    ``(p) Pilot Agreements.--
        ``(1) In general.--For each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023, 
    subject to the availability of appropriations pursuant to the 
    authorization in paragraph (3), the Secretary shall enter into 1 or 
    more pilot agreements with 1 or more eligible entities through 
    which the Secretary shall provide financial assistance to the 
    eligible entities to carry out activities consistent with 
    subsection (l)(4)(A).
        ``(2) Report required.--In each of fiscal years 2020 through 
    2024, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of 
    the House of Representatives and Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing, with 
    respect to the previous fiscal year--
            ``(A) the amount provided to eligible entities under each 
        pilot agreement pursuant to paragraph (1) and how the funds 
        were used;
            ``(B) the activities carried out under each pilot 
        agreement;
            ``(C) the number of direct and indirect beneficiaries of 
        those activities; and
            ``(D) the effectiveness of the pilot agreements, including 
        as applicable the impact on food security and agricultural 
        productivity.
        ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out pilot agreements pursuant to this 
    subsection $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
    2023.''.
SEC. 3303. BILL EMERSON HUMANITARIAN TRUST ACT.
    Section 302 of the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust Act (7 U.S.C. 
1736f-1) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(2)(B)(i), by striking ``2018'' each place 
    it appears and inserting ``2023''; and
        (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``2018'' each place it 
    appears and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 3304. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING MARKETS.
    Section 1542(a) of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade 
Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5622 note; Public Law 101-624) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 3305. COCHRAN FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.
    Section 1543 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 3293) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``for study in the United 
    States.'' and inserting the following: ``for study--
        ``(1) in the United States; or
        ``(2) at a college or university located in an eligible country 
    that the Secretary determines--
            ``(A) has sufficient scientific and technical facilities;
            ``(B) has established a partnership with at least one 
        college or university in the United States; and
            ``(C) has substantial participation by faculty members of 
        the United States college or university in the design of the 
        fellowship curriculum and classroom instruction under the 
        fellowship.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(which may include 
        agricultural extension services)'' after ``systems''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``enhance trade'' and inserting the 
            following: ``enhance--
            ``(A) trade'';
                (ii) in subparagraph (A) (as so designated) by striking 
            the period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) linkages between agricultural interests in the United 
        States and regulatory systems governing sanitary and 
        phytosanitary standards for agricultural products that--
                ``(i) may enter the United States; and
                ``(ii) may pose risks to human, animal, or plant life 
            or health.''; and
        (3) in subsection (f)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$3,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$4,000,000'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$2,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$3,000,000''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$5,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$6,000,000''.
SEC. 3306. BORLAUG INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.
    Section 1473G of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and 
Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 3319j) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(2)--
            (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``shall support'' and inserting ``support'';
            (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (C) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(E) the development of agricultural extension services in 
        eligible countries.''; and
        (2) in subsection (f)--
            (A) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Leveraging alumni engagement.--In carrying out the 
    purposes and programs under this section, the Secretary shall 
    encourage ongoing engagement with fellowship recipients who have 
    completed training under the program to provide advice regarding, 
    and participate in, new or ongoing agricultural development 
    projects, with a priority for capacity-building projects.''.
SEC. 3307. INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.
    (a) Fellowship Program Establishment.--The Secretary shall 
establish a fellowship program to be known as the International 
Agricultural Education Fellowship Program to provide fellowships to 
citizens of the United States to assist eligible countries in 
developing school-based agricultural education and youth extension 
programs.
    (b) Eligible Country Described.--For purposes of this section, an 
eligible country is a developing country, as determined by the 
Secretary using a gross national income per capita test selected by the 
Secretary.
    (c) Purpose of Fellowships.--The goals of providing a fellowship 
under this section are to--
        (1) develop globally minded United States agriculturists with 
    experience living abroad;
        (2) focus on meeting the food and fiber needs of the domestic 
    population of eligible countries; and
        (3) strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible 
    countries and the United States agricultural industry.
    (d) Eligible Candidates.--The Secretary may provide fellowships to 
citizens of the United States who--
        (1) hold at least a bachelors degree in an agricultural related 
    field of study; and
        (2) have an understanding of United States school-based 
    agricultural education and youth extension programs, as determined 
    by the Secretary.
    (e) Candidate Identification.--The Secretary shall consult with the 
National FFA Organization, the National 4-H Council, and other entities 
as the Secretary determines are appropriate to identify candidates for 
fellowships.
    (f) Program Implementation.--The Secretary shall provide for the 
management, coordination, evaluation, and monitoring of the Fellowship 
Program, except that the Secretary may contract out the management of 
the fellowship program to an outside organization with experience in 
implementing fellowship programs focused on building capacity for 
school-based agricultural education and youth extension programs in 
developing countries.
    (g) Authorization of Appropriations.--
        (1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
    $5,000,000 to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 2019 
    through 2023.
        (2) Duration.--Any funds made available under this subsection 
    shall remain available until expended.
SEC. 3308. INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.
    The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 is 
amended by inserting after section 1543A (7 U.S.C. 5679) the following:
``SEC. 1543B. INTERNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.
    ``(a) Definition of International Food Security.--In this section, 
the term `international food security' means access by any person at 
any time to food and nutrition that is sufficient for a healthy and 
productive life.
    ``(b) Collection of Information.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
(referred to in this section as the `Secretary') shall compile 
information from appropriate mission areas of the Department of 
Agriculture (including the Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services 
mission area) relating to the improvement of international food 
security.
    ``(c) Public Availability.--To benefit programs for the improvement 
of international food security, the Secretary shall organize the 
information described in subsection (b) and make the information 
available in a format suitable for--
        ``(1) public education; and
        ``(2) use by--
            ``(A) a Federal, State, or local agency;
            ``(B) an agency or instrumentality of the government of a 
        foreign country;
            ``(C) a domestic or international organization, including a 
        domestic or international nongovernmental organization; and
            ``(D) an intergovernmental organization.
    ``(d) Technical Assistance.--On request by an entity described in 
subsection (c)(2), the Secretary may provide technical assistance to 
the entity to implement a program for the improvement of international 
food security.
    ``(e) Program Priority.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to programs relating to the development 
of food and nutrition safety net systems with a focus on food insecure 
countries.
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.
SEC. 3309. MCGOVERN-DOLE INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR EDUCATION AND CHILD 
NUTRITION PROGRAM.
    Section 3107 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 1736o-1) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``that is'' and inserting the following: 
        ``that--
        ``(1) is'';
            (B) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking the 
        period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2)(A) is produced in and procured from--
            ``(i) a developing country that is a recipient country; or
            ``(ii) a developing country in the same region as a 
        recipient country; and
        ``(B) at a minimum, meets each nutritional, quality, and 
    labeling standard of the recipient country, as determined by the 
    Secretary.'';
        (2) in subsection (c)(2)(A)--
            (A) in clause (v)(IV), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (vii); and
            (C) by inserting after clause (v) the following:
                ``(vi) the costs associated with transporting the 
            commodities described in subsection (a)(2) from a 
            developing country described in subparagraph (A)(ii) of 
            that subsection to any designated point of entry within the 
            recipient country; and'';
        (3) in subsection (f)(1)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as 
        subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
            ``(E) ensure to the maximum extent practicable that 
        assistance--
                ``(i) is provided under this section in a timely 
            manner; and
                ``(ii) is available when needed throughout the 
            applicable school year;''; and
        (4) in subsection (l)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Purchase of commodities.--Of the funds made available to 
    carry out this section, not more than 10 percent shall be used to 
    purchase agricultural commodities described in subsection 
    (a)(2).''.
SEC. 3310. GLOBAL CROP DIVERSITY TRUST.
    Section 3202 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (22 
U.S.C. 2220a note; Public Law 110-246) is amended--
        (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) United States Contribution Limit.--
        ``(1) In general.--The aggregate contributions of funds of the 
    Federal Government provided to the Trust shall not exceed--
            ``(A) for the period of fiscal years 2014 through 2018, 25 
        percent of the total amount of funds contributed to the Trust 
        from all sources; and
            ``(B) subject to paragraph (2), effective beginning with 
        fiscal year 2019, 33 percent of the total amount of funds 
        contributed to the Trust from all sources.
        ``(2) Annual limitation.--The contributions of funds of the 
    Federal Government provided to the Trust shall not exceed 
    $5,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''; and
        (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''.
SEC. 3311. LOCAL AND REGIONAL FOOD AID PROCUREMENT PROJECTS.
    Section 3206(e)(1) of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 1726c(e)(1)) is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``to the Secretary'' after ``appropriated''; 
    and
        (2) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
    through 2023''.
SEC. 3312. FOREIGN TRADE MISSIONS.
    (a) Tribal Representation on Trade Missions.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the Tribal 
    Advisory Committee established under subsection (b)(2) of section 
    309 of the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of 
    Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6921(b)(2)) (as 
    added by section 12303(2)) (referred to in this section as the 
    ``Advisory Committee''), shall seek--
            (A) to support the greater inclusion of Tribal agricultural 
        and food products in Federal trade-related activities; and
            (B) to increase the collaboration between Federal trade 
        promotion efforts and other Federal trade-related activities in 
        support of the greater inclusion sought under subparagraph (A).
        (2) Interdepartmental coordination.--In carrying out activities 
    to increase the collaboration described in paragraph (1)(B), the 
    Secretary shall coordinate with--
            (A) the Secretary of Commerce;
            (B) the Secretary of State;
            (C) the Secretary of the Interior; and
            (D) the heads of any other relevant Federal agencies.
    (b) Report; Goals.--
        (1) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
    of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report describing the 
    efforts of the Department of Agriculture and other Federal agencies 
    under this section to--
            (A) the Advisory Committee;
            (B) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (D) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 
        of the Senate;
            (E) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation 
        of the Senate; and
            (F) the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate.
        (2) Goals.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
    of this Act, the Secretary shall establish goals for measuring, in 
    an objective and quantifiable format, the extent to which Indian 
    Tribes and Tribal agricultural and food products are included in 
    the trade-related activities of the Department of Agriculture.

                          TITLE IV--NUTRITION
         Subtitle A--Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

SEC. 4001. REQUIREMENTS FOR ONLINE ACCEPTANCE OF BENEFITS.
    (a) Definition.--Section 3(o)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(o)(1)) is amended by striking ``or house-to-house 
trade route'' and inserting ``, house-to-house trade route, or online 
entity''.
    (b) Acceptance of Benefits.--Section 7(k) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(k)) is amended--
        (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Acceptance of 
    Program Benefits Through Online Transactions'',
        (2) in paragraph (4) by striking subparagraph (C), and
        (3) by striking paragraph (5).
SEC. 4002. RE-EVALUATION OF THRIFTY FOOD PLAN.
    Section 3(u) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2012(u)) is amended by inserting after the 1st sentence the following:
``By 2022 and at 5-year intervals thereafter, the Secretary shall re-
evaluate and publish the market baskets of the thrifty food plan based 
on current food prices, food composition data, consumption patterns, 
and dietary guidance.''.
SEC. 4003. FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN RESERVATIONS.
    (a) In General.--Section 4(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2013(b)) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
        ``(4) Administrative costs.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
        Secretary shall pay not less than 80 percent of administrative 
        costs and distribution costs on Indian reservations as the 
        Secretary determines necessary for effective administration of 
        such distribution by a State agency or tribal organization.
            ``(B) Waiver.--The Secretary shall waive up to 100 percent 
        of the non-Federal share of the costs described in subparagraph 
        (A) if the Secretary determines that--
                ``(i) the tribal organization is financially unable to 
            provide a greater non-Federal share of the costs; or
                ``(ii) providing a greater non-Federal share of the 
            costs would be a substantial burden for the tribal 
            organization.
            ``(C) Limitation.--The Secretary may not reduce any 
        benefits or services under the food distribution program on 
        Indian reservations under this subsection to any tribal 
        organization that is granted a waiver under subparagraph (B).
            ``(D) Tribal contribution.--The Secretary may allow a 
        tribal organization to use funds provided to the tribal 
        organization through a Federal agency or other Federal benefit 
        to satisfy all or part of the non-Federal share of the costs 
        described in subparagraph (A) if that use is otherwise 
        consistent with the purpose of the funds.'',
        (2) in paragraph (6)--
            (A) in the heading by striking ``locally-grown'' and 
        inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'',
            (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``locally-grown'' and 
        inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'',
            (C) in subparagraph (C)--
                (i) in the heading by striking ``locally grown'' and 
            inserting ``locally- and regionally-grown'', and
                (ii) by striking ``locally-grown'' and inserting 
            ``locally- and regionally-grown'',
            (D) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
            ``(D) Purchase of foods.--In carrying out this paragraph, 
        the Secretary shall purchase or offer to purchase those 
        traditional foods that may be procured cost-effectively.'',
            (E) by striking subparagraph (E), and
            (F) in subparagraph (F)--
                (i) by striking ``(F)'' and inserting ``(E)'', and
                (ii) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'', and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(7) Availability of funds.--
            ``(A) In general.--Funds made available for a fiscal year 
        to carry out this subsection shall remain available for 
        obligation for a period of 2 fiscal years.
            ``(B) Administrative costs.--Funds made available for a 
        fiscal year to carry out paragraph (4) shall remain available 
        for obligation by the State agency or tribal organization for a 
        period of 2 fiscal years.''.
    (b) Demonstration Project for Tribal Organizations.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) Demonstration project.--The term ``demonstration 
        project'' means the demonstration project established under 
        paragraph (2).
            (B) Food distribution program.--The term ``food 
        distribution program'' means the food distribution program on 
        Indian reservations carried out under section 4(b) of the Food 
        and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2013(b)).
            (C) Indian reservation.--The term ``Indian reservation'' 
        has the meaning given the term ``reservation'' in section 3 of 
        the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
            (D) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
            (E) Self-determination contract.--The term ``self-
        determination contract'' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
        Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
            (F) Tribal organization.--The term ``tribal organization'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Food and 
        Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012).
        (2) Establishment.--Subject to the availability of 
    appropriations, the Secretary shall establish a demonstration 
    project under which 1 or more tribal organizations may enter into 
    self-determination contracts to purchase agricultural commodities 
    under the food distribution program for the Indian reservation of 
    that tribal organization.
        (3) Eligibility.--
            (A) Consultation.--The Secretary shall consult with the 
        Secretary of the Interior and Indian tribes to determine the 
        process and criteria under which a tribal organization may 
        participate in the demonstration project.
            (B) Criteria.--The Secretary shall select for participation 
        in the demonstration project tribal organizations that--
                (i) are successfully administering the food 
            distribution program of the tribal organization under 
            section 4(b)(2)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
            U.S.C. 2013(b)(2)(B)),
                (ii) have the capacity to purchase agricultural 
            commodities in accordance with paragraph (4) for the food 
            distribution program of the tribal organization, and
                (iii) meet any other criteria determined by the 
            Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the 
            Interior and Indian tribes.
        (4) Procurement of agricultural commodities.--Any agricultural 
    commodities purchased by a tribal organization under the 
    demonstration project shall--
            (A) be domestically produced,
            (B) supplant, not supplement, the type of agricultural 
        commodities in existing food packages for that tribal 
        organization,
            (C) be of similar or higher nutritional value as the type 
        of agricultural commodities that would be supplanted in the 
        existing food package for that tribal organization, and
            (D) meet any other criteria determined by the Secretary.
        (5) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which 
    funds are appropriated under paragraph (6) and annually thereafter, 
    the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the 
    House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
    Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing the 
    activities carried out under the demonstration project during the 
    preceding year.
        (6) Funding.--
            (A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this 
        subsection $5,000,000, to remain available until expended.
            (B) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds appropriated 
        under subparagraph (A) in advance specifically to carry out 
        this subsection shall be available to carry out this 
        subsection.
    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 3(v) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2012(v)) is amended by striking ``the Indian 
Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 450b(b))'' and inserting ``section 4 
of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
U.S.C. 5304)''.
SEC. 4004. SIMPLIFIED HOMELESS HOUSING COSTS.
    Section 5(e)(6)(D) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2014(e)(6)(D)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii), and
        (2) by striking clause (i) and inserting the following:
                ``(i) Alternative deduction.--The State agency shall 
            allow a deduction of $143 a month for households--

                    ``(I) in which all members are homeless 
                individuals;
                    ``(II) that are not receiving free shelter 
                throughout the month; and
                    ``(III) that do not opt to claim an excess shelter 
                expense deduction under subparagraph (A).

                ``(ii) Adjustment.--For fiscal year 2019 and each 
            subsequent fiscal year the amount of the homeless shelter 
            deduction specified in clause (i) shall be adjusted to 
            reflect changes for the 12-month period ending the 
            preceding November 30 in the Consumer Price Index for All 
            Urban Consumers published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics 
            of the Department of Labor.''.
SEC. 4005. EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING FOR SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION 
ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) Employment and Training Programs That Meet State and Local 
Workforce Needs.--Section 6(d)(4) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2015(d)(4)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) in clause (i)--
                (i) by inserting ``, in consultation with the State 
            workforce development board, or, if the State demonstrates 
            that consultation with private employers or employer 
            organizations would be more effective or efficient, in 
            consultation with private employers or employer 
            organizations,'' after ``designed by the State agency'', 
            and
                (ii) by striking ``that will increase their ability to 
            obtain regular employment.'' and inserting the following: 
            ``that will--

                    ``(I) increase the ability of the household members 
                to obtain regular employment; and
                    ``(II) meet State or local workforce needs.'', and

            (B) in clause (ii) by inserting ``and implemented to meet 
        the purposes of clause (i)'' after ``under this paragraph'',
        (2) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ``case 
        management services such as comprehensive intake assessments, 
        individualized service plans, progress monitoring, or 
        coordination with service providers and'' after ``contains'',
            (B) in clause (iv) by redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) 
        as items (aa) and (bb), respectively, and indenting 
        appropriately,
            (C) by redesignating clauses (i) through (vii) and clause 
        (viii) as subclauses (I) through (VII) and subclause (IX), 
        respectively, and indenting appropriately,
            (D) by striking subclause (I), as so redesignated, and 
        inserting the following:

                    ``(I) Supervised job search programs that occur at 
                State-approved locations at which the activities of 
                participants shall be directly supervised and the 
                timing and activities of participants tracked in 
                accordance with guidelines issued by the State.'',

            (E) in subclause (II), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``jobs skills assessments, job finding clubs, training in 
        techniques for'' and inserting ``employability assessments, 
        training in techniques to increase'',
            (F) in subclause (IV), as so redesignated, in the first 
        sentence, by inserting ``, including subsidized employment and 
        apprenticeships'' before the period at the end,
            (G) in subclause (VII), as so redesignated, by inserting 
        ``not less than 30 days but'' after ``period of'',
            (H) by inserting after subclause (VII), as so redesignated, 
        the following:

                    ``(VIII) Programs and activities under clause (iv) 
                of section 16(h)(1)(F) that the Secretary determines, 
                based on results from the independent evaluations 
                conducted under clause (vii)(I) of such section, have 
                the most demonstrable impact on the ability of 
                participants to find and retain employment that leads 
                to increased household income and reduced reliance on 
                public assistance.'',

            (I) in the matter preceding subclause (I), as so 
        redesignated--
                (i) by striking ``this subparagraph'' and inserting 
            ``this clause'', and
                (ii) by striking ``(B) For purposes of this Act, an'' 
            and inserting the following:
            ``(B) Definitions.--In this Act:
                ``(i) Employment and training program.--The term'', and
            (J) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ii) Workforce partnership.--

                    ``(I) In general.--The term `workforce partnership' 
                means a program that--

                        ``(aa) is operated by--
                            ``(AA) a private employer, an organization 
                        representing private employers, or a nonprofit 
                        organization providing services relating to 
                        workforce development; or
                            ``(BB) an entity identified as an eligible 
                        provider of training services under section 
                        122(d) of the Workforce Innovation and 
                        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3152(d));
                        ``(bb) the Secretary certifies, or the State 
                    agency certifies to the Secretary--
                            ``(AA) subject to subparagraph (N)(ii), 
                        would assist participants who are members of 
                        households participating in the supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program in gaining high-
                        quality, work-relevant skills, training, work, 
                        or experience that will increase the ability of 
                        the participants to obtain regular employment;
                            ``(BB) subject to subparagraph (N)(ii), 
                        would provide participants with not less than 
                        20 hours per week of training, work, or 
                        experience under subitem (AA);
                            ``(CC) would not use any funds authorized 
                        to be appropriated by this Act;
                            ``(DD) would provide sufficient 
                        information, on request by the State agency, 
                        for the State agency to determine that 
                        participants who are members of households 
                        participating in the supplemental nutrition 
                        assistance program are fulfilling any 
                        applicable work requirement under this 
                        subsection or subsection (o);
                            ``(EE) would be willing to serve as a 
                        reference for participants who are members of 
                        households participating in the supplemental 
                        nutrition assistance program for future 
                        employment or work-related programs; and
                            ``(FF) meets any other criteria established 
                        by the Secretary, on the condition that the 
                        Secretary shall not establish any additional 
                        criteria that would impose significant 
                        paperwork burdens on the workforce partnership; 
                        and
                        ``(cc) is in compliance with the Fair Labor 
                    Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. 201 et seq.), if 
                    applicable.

                    ``(II) Inclusion.--The term `workforce partnership' 
                includes a multistate program.'',

        (3) in subparagraph (E)--
            (A) in the second sentence, by striking ``Such 
        requirements'' and inserting the following:
                ``(ii) Variation.--The requirements under clause (i)'',
            (B) by striking ``(E) Each State'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(E) Requirements for participation for certain 
        individuals.--
                ``(i) In general.--Each State'', and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iii) Application to workforce partnerships.--To the 
            extent that a State agency requires an individual to 
            participate in an employment and training program, the 
            State agency shall consider an individual participating in 
            a workforce partnership to be in compliance with the 
            employment and training requirements.'',
        (4) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``(B)(v)'' and inserting 
    ``(B)(i)(V)'', and
        (5) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(N) Workforce partnerships.--
                ``(i) Certification.--In certifying that a program 
            meets the requirements of subitems (AA) and (BB) of 
            subparagraph (B)(ii)(I)(bb) to be certified as a workforce 
            partnership, the Secretary or the State agency shall 
            require that the program submit to the Secretary or State 
            agency sufficient information that describes--

                    ``(I) the services and activities of the program 
                that would provide participants with not less than 20 
                hours per week of training, work, or experience under 
                those subitems; and
                    ``(II) how the program would provide services and 
                activities described in subclause (I) that would 
                directly enhance the employability or job readiness of 
                the participant.

                ``(ii) Supplement, not supplant.--A State agency may 
            use a workforce partnership to supplement, not to supplant, 
            the employment and training program of the State agency.
                ``(iii) Participation.--A State agency--

                    ``(I) shall--

                        ``(aa) maintain a list of workforce 
                    partnerships certified under subparagraph 
                    (B)(ii)(I)(bb); and
                        ``(bb) not less frequently than at 
                    certification and recertification, provide to a 
                    household member subject to work requirements under 
                    subsection (d)(1) or subsection (o), electronically 
                    or by other means, the list described in item (aa); 
                    but

                    ``(II) may not require any member of a household 
                participating in the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program to participate in a workforce partnership.

                ``(iv) Effect.--

                    ``(I) In general.--A workforce partnership shall 
                not replace the employment or training of an individual 
                not participating in the workforce partnership.
                    ``(II) Selection.--Nothing in this subsection or 
                subsection (o) affects the criteria or screening 
                process for selecting participants by a workforce 
                partnership.

                ``(v) Limitation on reporting requirements.--In 
            carrying out this subparagraph, the Secretary and each 
            applicable State agency shall limit the reporting 
            requirements of a workforce partnership to--

                    ``(I) on notification that an individual is 
                receiving supplemental nutrition assistance program 
                benefits, notifying the applicable State agency that 
                the individual is participating in the workforce 
                partnership;
                    ``(II) identifying participants who have completed 
                or are no longer participating in the workforce 
                partnership;
                    ``(III) identifying changes to the workforce 
                partnership that result in the workforce partnership no 
                longer meeting the certification requirements of the 
                Secretary or the State agency under subparagraph 
                (B)(ii)(I)(bb); and
                    ``(IV) providing sufficient information, on request 
                by the State agency, for the State agency to verify 
                that a participant is fulfilling any applicable work 
                requirements under this subsection or subsection (o).

            ``(O) Referral of certain individuals.--
                ``(i) In general.--In accordance with such regulations 
            as may be issued by the Secretary, with respect to any 
            individual who is not eligible for an exemption under 
            paragraph (2) and who is determined by the operator of an 
            employment and training program component to be ill-suited 
            to participate in that employment and training program 
            component, the State agency shall--

                    ``(I) refer the individual to an appropriate 
                employment and training program component;
                    ``(II) refer the individual to an appropriate 
                workforce partnership, if available;
                    ``(III) reassess the physical and mental fitness of 
                the individual under paragraph (1)(A); or
                    ``(IV) to the maximum extent practicable, 
                coordinate with other Federal, State, or local 
                workforce or assistance programs to identify work 
                opportunities or assistance for the individual.

                ``(ii) Process.--In carrying out clause (i), the State 
            agency shall ensure that an individual undergoing and 
            complying with the process established under that clause 
            shall not be found to have refused without good cause to 
            participate in an employment and training program.''.
    (b) Work Requirements.--Section 6(o) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2015(o)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the end,
            (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``job search program or 
        a job search training program.'' and inserting ``supervised job 
        search program or job search training program;'', and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) a program of employment and training for veterans 
        operated by the Department of Labor or the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs, and approved by the Secretary; and
            ``(E) a workforce partnership under subsection 
        (d)(4)(N).'',
        (2) in paragraph (4)(A) by inserting ``and with the support of 
    the chief executive officer of the State'' after ``agency'', and
        (3) in paragraph (6)--
            (A) in the heading by striking ``15-percent exemption'' and 
        inserting ``Exemptions'',
            (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``(G)'' and inserting 
        ``(H)'',
            (C) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``(E) and (G)'' and 
        inserting ``(F) and (H)'' ,
            (D) in subparagraph (D)--
                (i) in the heading by striking ``Subsequent fiscal 
            years'' and inserting ``Fiscal years 1999 through 2019'',
                (ii) by striking ``(E) through (G)'' and inserting 
            ``(F) through (H)'', and
                (iii) by striking ``year,'' and inserting ``year 
            through fiscal year 2019,'',
            (E) in subparagraph (E) by striking ``or (D)'' and 
        inserting ``, (D), or (E)'',
            (F) by redesignating subparagraphs (E), (F), and (G) as 
        subparagraphs (F), (G), and (H), respectively, and
            (G) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
            ``(E) Subsequent fiscal years.--Subject to subparagraphs 
        (F) through (H), for fiscal year 2020 and each subsequent 
        fiscal year, a State agency may provide a number of exemptions 
        such that the average monthly number of exemptions in effect 
        during the fiscal year does not exceed 12 percent of the number 
        of covered individuals in the State, as estimated by the 
        Secretary under subparagraph (C), adjusted by the Secretary to 
        reflect changes in the State's caseload and the Secretary's 
        estimate of changes in the proportion of members of households 
        that receive supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits 
        covered by waivers granted under paragraph (4).''.
    (c) State Plans.--Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2020) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (e)(19) by inserting ``the extent to which 
    such programs will be carried out in coordination with the 
    activities carried out under title I of the Workforce Innovation 
    and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3111 et seq.),'' before ``and the 
    basis,'', and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(w) For households containing at least one adult, with no elderly 
or disabled members and with no earned income at their last 
certification or required report, a State agency shall, at the time of 
recertification, be required to advise members of the household not 
exempt under section 6(d)(2) regarding available employment and 
training services.''.
    (d) Funding of Employment and Training Programs.--Section 16(h) of 
the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(h)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``$90,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$103,900,000'',
            (B) in subparagraph (C)--
                (i) in clause (i) by inserting ``, subject to clauses 
            (ii) through (v),'' after ``(B), the Secretary'', and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iv) Priority.--The Secretary shall reallocate funds 
            under this subparagraph as follows:

                    ``(I)(aa) Subject to items (bb) and (cc), not less 
                than 50 percent shall be reallocated to State agencies 
                requesting such funds to conduct employment and 
                training programs and activities for which such State 
                agencies had previously received funding under 
                subparagraph (F)(viii) that the Secretary determines 
                have the most demonstrable impact on the ability of 
                participants to find and retain employment that leads 
                to increased household income and reduced reliance on 
                public assistance.
                    ``(bb) The Secretary shall base the determination 
                under item (aa) on--

                        ``(AA) project results from the independent 
                    evaluations conducted under subparagraph 
                    (F)(vii)(I); or
                        ``(BB) if the project results from the 
                    independent evaluations conducted under 
                    subparagraph (F)(vii)(I) are not yet available, the 
                    reports under subparagraph (F)(vii)(II) or other 
                    information relating to performance of the programs 
                    and activities funded under subparagraph (F)(viii).

                    ``(cc) Employment and training activities funded 
                under this subclause are not subject to subparagraph 
                (F)(vii), but are subject to monitoring under paragraph 
                (h)(5).
                    ``(II) Not less than 30 percent shall be 
                reallocated to State agencies requesting such funds to 
                implement or continue employment and training programs 
                and activities under section 6(d)(4)(B)(i) that the 
                Secretary determines have the most demonstrable impact 
                on the ability of participants to find and retain 
                employment that leads to increased household income and 
                reduced reliance on public assistance, including 
                programs and activities that are targeted to--

                        ``(aa) individuals 50 years of age or older;
                        ``(bb) formerly incarcerated individuals;
                        ``(cc) individuals participating in a substance 
                    abuse treatment program;
                        ``(dd) homeless individuals;
                        ``(ee) people with disabilities seeking to 
                    enter the workforce;
                        ``(ff) other individuals with substantial 
                    barriers to employment; or
                        ``(gg) households facing multi-generational 
                    poverty, to support employment and workforce 
                    participation through an integrated and family-
                    focused approach in providing supportive services.

                    ``(III) The Secretary shall reallocate any 
                remaining funds available under this subparagraph, to 
                State agencies requesting such funds to use for 
                employment and training programs and activities that 
                the Secretary determines have the most demonstrable 
                impact on the ability of participants to find and 
                retain employment that leads to increased household 
                income and reduced reliance on public assistance under 
                section 6(d)(4)(B)(i).

                ``(v) Consideration.--In reallocating funds under this 
            subparagraph, a State agency that receives reallocated 
            funds under clause (iv)(I) may also be considered for 
            reallocated funding under clause (iv)(II).'', and
            (C) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``$50,000'' and 
        inserting ``$100,000'', and
        (2) in paragraph (5)(B) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(v) State option.--The State agency may report 
            relevant data from a workforce partnership carried out 
            under section 6(d)(4)(N) to demonstrate the number of 
            program participants served by the workforce 
            partnership.''.
    (e) Expired Authority.--Section 17(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026(b)) is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraph (2), and
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
SEC. 4006. IMPROVEMENTS TO ELECTRONIC BENEFIT TRANSFER SYSTEM.
    (a) EBT Portability.--Section 7(f)(5) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(f)(5)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(C) Operation of individual point of sale device by 
        farmers' markets and direct marketing farmers.--A farmers' 
        market or direct marketing farmer that is exempt under 
        paragraph (2)(B)(i) shall be allowed to operate an individual 
        electronic benefit transfer point of sale device at more than 1 
        location under the same supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program authorization, if--
                ``(i) the farmers' market or direct marketing farmer 
            provides to the Secretary information on location and hours 
            of operation at each location; and
                ``(ii)(I) the point of sale device used by the farmers' 
            market or direct marketing farmer is capable of providing 
            location information of the device through the electronic 
            benefit transfer system; or
                ``(II) if the Secretary determines that the technology 
            is not available for a point of sale device to meet the 
            requirement under subclause (I), the farmers' market or 
            direct marketing farmer provides to the Secretary any other 
            information, as determined by the Secretary, necessary to 
            ensure the integrity of transactions processed using the 
            point of sale device.''.
    (b) Modernization of Electronic Benefit Transfer Regulations.--The 
1st sentence of section 7(h)(2) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
(7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(2)) is amended by inserting ``and shall periodically 
review such regulations and modify such regulations to take into 
account evolving technology and comparable industry standards'' before 
the period at the end.
    (c) Benefit Recovery.--Section 7(h)(12) of the Food and Nutrition 
Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(12)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``, or due to the death of 
    all members of the household'' after ``inactivity'', and
        (2) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) and inserting the 
    following:
            ``(B) Benefit storage.--
                ``(i) In general.--A State agency may store recovered 
            electronic benefits off-line in accordance with clause 
            (ii), if the household has not accessed the account after 3 
            months.
                ``(ii) Notice of benefit storage.--A State agency 
            shall--

                    ``(I) send notice to a household the benefits of 
                which are stored under clause (i); and
                    ``(II) not later than 48 hours after request by the 
                household, make the stored benefits available to the 
                household.

            ``(C) Benefit expunging.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), a State 
            agency shall expunge benefits that have not been accessed 
            by a household after a period of 9 months, or upon 
            verification that all members of the household are 
            deceased.
                ``(ii) Notice of benefit expunging.--Not later than 30 
            days before benefits are to be expunged under clause (i), a 
            State agency shall--

                    ``(I) provide sufficient notice to the household 
                that benefits will be expunged due to inactivity, and 
                the date upon which benefits will be expunged;
                    ``(II) for benefits stored off-line in accordance 
                with subparagraph (B), provide the household an 
                opportunity to request that such benefits be restored 
                to the household; and
                    ``(III) not later than 48 hours after request by 
                the household, make the benefits available to the 
                household.''.

    (d) Prohibited Fees.--Section 7 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016) is amended--
        (1) by amending subsection (h)(13) to read as follows:
        ``(13) Fees.--
            ``(A) Interchange fees.--No interchange fees shall apply to 
        electronic benefit transfer transactions under this subsection.
            ``(B) Other fees.--Effective through fiscal year 2023, 
        neither a State, nor any agent, contractor, or subcontractor of 
        a State who facilitates the provision of supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program benefits in such State may impose a fee for 
        switching (as defined in subsection (j)(1)(H)) or routing such 
        benefits.'', and
        (2) by amending subsection (j)(1)(H) to read as follows:
            ``(H) Switching.--The term `switching' means the routing of 
        an intrastate or interstate transaction that consists of 
        transmitting the details of a transaction electronically 
        recorded through the use of an electronic benefit transfer card 
        in one State to the issuer of the card that may be in the same 
        or different State.''.
    (e) Mobile Technologies.--Section 7(h)(14) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2016(h)(14)) is amended--
        (1) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
        Secretary shall authorize the use of mobile technologies for 
        the purpose of accessing supplemental nutrition assistance 
        program benefits.'',
        (2) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) by striking the heading and inserting ``Demonstration 
        projects on access of benefits through mobile technologies'',
            (B) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:
                ``(i) Demonstration projects.--Before authorizing 
            implementation of subparagraph (A) in all States, the 
            Secretary shall approve not more than 5 demonstration 
            project proposals submitted by State agencies that will 
            pilot the use of mobile technologies for supplemental 
            nutrition assistance program benefits access.'',
            (C) in clause (ii)--
                (i) in the heading by striking ``Demonstration 
            projects'' and inserting ``Project requirements'',
                (ii) by striking ``retail food store'' the first place 
            it appears and inserting ``State agency'',
                (iii) by striking ``includes'',
                (iv) by striking subclauses (I), (II), (III), and (IV), 
            and inserting the following:

                    ``(I) provides recipient protections regarding 
                privacy, ease of use, household access to benefits, and 
                support similar to the protections provided under 
                existing methods;
                    ``(II) ensures that all recipients, including those 
                without access to mobile payment technology and those 
                who shop across State borders, have a means of benefit 
                access;
                    ``(III) requires retail food stores, unless exempt 
                under section 7(f)(2)(B), to bear the costs of 
                acquiring and arranging for the implementation of 
                point-of-sale equipment and supplies for the redemption 
                of benefits that are accessed through mobile 
                technologies;
                    ``(IV) requires that foods purchased with benefits 
                issued under this section through mobile technologies 
                are purchased at a price not higher than the price of 
                the same food purchased by other methods used by the 
                retail food store, as determined by the Secretary;
                    ``(V) ensures adequate documentation for each 
                authorized transaction, adequate security measures to 
                deter fraud, and adequate access to retail food stores 
                that accept benefits accessed through mobile 
                technologies, as determined by the Secretary;
                    ``(VI) provides for an evaluation of the 
                demonstration project, including, but not limited to, 
                an evaluation of household access to benefits;
                    ``(VII) requires that the State demonstration 
                projects are voluntary for all retail food stores and 
                that all recipients are able to use benefits in non-
                participating retail food stores; and
                    ``(VIII) meets other criteria as established by the 
                Secretary.'',

            (D) by amending clause (iii) to read as follows:
                ``(iv) Date of project approval.--The Secretary shall 
            solicit and approve the qualifying demonstration projects 
            required under subparagraph (B)(i) not later than January 
            1, 2021.'', and
            (E) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
                ``(iii) Priority.--The Secretary may prioritize 
            demonstration project proposals that would--

                    ``(I) reduce fraud;
                    ``(II) encourage positive nutritional outcomes; and
                    ``(III) meet such other criteria as determined by 
                the Secretary.'', and

        (3) in subparagraph (C)(i)--
            (A) by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2022'', and
            (B) by inserting ``requires further study by way of an 
        extended pilot period or'' after ``States'' the 2d place it 
        appears.
    (f) Approval of Retail Food Stores.--Section 9 of the Food and 
Nutrition Act (7 U.S.C. 2018) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) in the 4th sentence by striking ``No retail food 
        store'' and inserting the following:
            ``(D) Visit required.--No retail food store'',
            (B) in the 3d sentence by striking ``Approval'' and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(C) Certificate.--Approval'',
            (C) in the 2d sentence--
                (i) by striking ``food; and (D) the'' and inserting the 
            following: ``food;
                ``(iv) any information, if available, about the ability 
            of the anticipated or existing electronic benefit transfer 
            equipment and service provider of the applicant to provide 
            sufficient information through the electronic benefit 
            transfer system to minimize the risk of fraudulent 
            transactions; and
                ``(v) the'',
                (ii) by striking ``concern; (C) whether'' and inserting 
            the following: ``concern;
                ``(iii) whether'',
                (iii) by striking ``applicant; (B) the'' and inserting 
            the following: ``applicant;
                ``(ii) the'',
                (iv) by striking ``following: (A) the nature'' and 
            inserting the following: ``following:
                ``(i) the nature'', and
                (v) in the matter preceding clause (i), as so 
            designated, by striking ``In determining'' and inserting 
            the following:
            ``(B) Factors for consideration.--In determining'', and
            (D) in the 1st sentence by striking ``(a)(1) Regulations'' 
        and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Authorization to Accept and Redeem Benefits.--
        ``(1) Applications.--
            ``(A) In general.--Regulations'',
        (2) in subsection (a) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Electronic benefit transfer equipment and service 
    providers.--Before implementing clause (iv) of paragraph (1)(B), 
    the Secretary shall issue guidance for retail food stores on how to 
    select electronic benefit transfer equipment and service providers 
    that are able to meet the requirements of that clause.'', and
        (3) in the 1st sentence of subsection (c) by inserting 
    ``records relating to electronic benefit transfer equipment and 
    related services, transaction and redemption data provided through 
    the electronic benefit transfer system,'' after ``purchase 
    invoices,''.
SEC. 4007. REVIEW OF SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM 
OPERATIONS.
    Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Review of Program Operations.--
        ``(1) Review by the secretary.--The Secretary--
            ``(A) shall review a representative sample of currently 
        authorized facilities referred to in section 3(k)(3) to 
        determine whether benefits are properly used by or on behalf of 
        participating households residing in such facilities and 
        whether such facilities are using more than 1 source of Federal 
        or State funding to meet the food needs of residents;
            ``(B) may carry out similar reviews for currently 
        participating residential drug and alcohol treatment and 
        rehabilitation programs, and group living arrangements for the 
        blind and disabled, referred to in section 3(k);
            ``(C) shall gather information, and such facilities, 
        programs, and arrangements shall be required to submit 
        information deemed necessary for a full and thorough review; 
        and
            ``(D) shall report the results of these reviews to the 
        Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
        the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
        Senate not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment 
        of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, along with 
        recommendations regarding--
                ``(i) any additional requirements or oversight that 
            would be appropriate for such facilities, programs, and 
            arrangements; and
                ``(ii) whether such facilities, programs, and 
            arrangements should continue to be authorized to 
            participate in the supplemental nutrition assistance 
            program.
        ``(2) Limitation.--Nothing in this subsection shall authorize 
    the Secretary to deny any application for continued authorization, 
    any application for authorization, or any request to withdraw the 
    authorization of any such facility, program, or arrangement based 
    on a determination that residents of any such facility or entity 
    are residents of an institution for a period of 18 months from the 
    date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018.''.
SEC. 4008. RETAIL INCENTIVES.
    Section 9 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2018), as 
amended by section 4007, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(j) Incentives.--
        ``(1) Definition of eligible incentive food.--In this 
    subsection, the term `eligible incentive food' means--
            ``(A) a staple food that is identified for increased 
        consumption, consistent with the most recent dietary 
        recommendations; and
            ``(B) a fruit, vegetable, dairy, whole grain, or product 
        thereof.
        ``(2) Guidance.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall issue guidance to 
        clarify the process by which an approved retail food store may 
        seek a waiver to offer an incentive, which may be used only for 
        the purchase of an eligible incentive food at the point of 
        purchase, to a household purchasing food with benefits issued 
        under this Act.
            ``(B) Guidance.--The guidance under subparagraph (A) shall 
        establish a process under which an approved retail food store, 
        prior to carrying out an incentive program under this 
        subsection, shall provide to the Secretary information 
        describing the incentive program, including--
                ``(i) the types of incentives that will be offered;
                ``(ii) the types of foods that will be incentivized for 
            purchase; and
                ``(iii) an explanation of how the incentive program 
            intends to support meeting dietary intake goals.
        ``(3) No limitation on benefits.--A waiver granted under this 
    subsection shall not be used to carry out any activity that limits 
    the use of benefits under this Act or any other Federal nutrition 
    law.
        ``(4) Effect.--Guidance provided under this subsection shall 
    not affect any requirements under section 4405 of the Food, 
    Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7517), including the 
    eligibility of a retail food store to participate in a project 
    funded under such section.
        ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
    Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate an annual report 
    describing the types of incentives approved under this 
    subsection.''.
SEC. 4009. REQUIRED ACTION ON DATA MATCH INFORMATION.
    Section 11(e) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (24) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon,
        (2) in paragraph (25) by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``; and'', and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(26) that for a household participating in the supplemental 
    nutrition assistance program, the State agency shall pursue 
    clarification and verification, if applicable, of information 
    relating to the circumstances of the household received from data 
    matches for the purpose of ensuring an accurate eligibility and 
    benefit determination, only if the information--
            ``(A) appears to present significantly conflicting 
        information from the information that was used by the State 
        agency at the time of certification of the household;
            ``(B) is obtained from data matches carried out under 
        subsection (q), (r), or (x); or
            ``(C)(i) is less than 60 days old relative to the current 
        month of participation of the household; and
            ``(ii) if accurate, would have been required to be reported 
        by the household based on the reporting requirements assigned 
        to the household by the State agency under section 6(c).''.
SEC. 4010. INCENTIVIZING TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION.
    Section 11(t) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2020(t)) is amended--
        (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Grants for 
    Simplified Application and Eligibility Determination Systems and 
    Improved Access to Benefits'',
        (2) in paragraph (1) by striking ``implement--'' and all that 
    follows through the period at the end, and inserting ``implement 
    supplemental nutrition assistance program simplified application 
    and eligibility determination systems.'', and
        (3) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as follows:
            ``(B) establishing enhanced technological methods that 
        improve the administrative infrastructure used in processing 
        applications and determining eligibility; or'',
            (B) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D), and
            (C) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (C).
SEC. 4011. INTERSTATE DATA MATCHING TO PREVENT MULTIPLE ISSUANCES.
    Section 11 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020), 
as amended by section 4005(c), is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(x) National Accuracy Clearinghouse.--
        ``(1) Definition of indication of multiple issuance.--In this 
    subsection, the term `indication of multiple issuance' means an 
    indication, based on a computer match, that supplemental nutrition 
    assistance program benefits are being issued to an individual by 
    more than 1 State agency simultaneously.
        ``(2) Establishment.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
        interstate data system, to be known as the `National Accuracy 
        Clearinghouse', to prevent multiple issuances of supplemental 
        nutrition assistance program benefits to an individual by more 
        than 1 State agency simultaneously.
            ``(B) Data matching.--The Secretary shall require that 
        State agencies make available to the National Accuracy 
        Clearinghouse only such information as is necessary for the 
        purpose described in subparagraph (A).
            ``(C) Data protection.--The information made available by 
        State agencies under subparagraph (B)--
                ``(i) shall be used only for the purpose described in 
            subparagraph (A);
                ``(ii) shall be exempt from the disclosure requirements 
            of section 552(a) of title 5 of the United States Code 
            pursuant to section 552(b)(3) of title 5 of the United 
            States Code, to the extent such information is obtained or 
            received by the Secretary;
                ``(iii) shall not be retained for longer than is 
            necessary to accomplish the purpose in subparagraph (A);
                ``(iv) shall be used in a manner that protects the 
            identity and location of a vulnerable individual (including 
            a victim of domestic violence) that is an applicant for, or 
            recipient of, supplemental nutrition assistance program 
            benefits; and
                ``(v) shall meet security standards as determined by 
            the Secretary.
        ``(3) Issuance of interim final regulations.--Not later than 18 
    months after the date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement 
    Act of 2018, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations (which 
    shall include interim final regulations) to carry out this 
    subsection that--
            ``(A) incorporate best practices and lessons learned from 
        the pilot program under section 4032(c) of the Agricultural Act 
        of 2014 (7 U.S.C. 2036c(c));
            ``(B) require a State agency to take appropriate action, as 
        determined by the Secretary, with respect to each indication of 
        multiple issuance of supplemental nutrition assistance program 
        benefits, or each indication that an individual receiving such 
        benefits in 1 State has applied to receive such benefits in 
        another State, while ensuring timely and fair service to 
        applicants for, and recipients of, such benefits;
            ``(C) establish standards to limit and protect the 
        information submitted through or retained by the National 
        Accuracy Clearinghouse consistent with paragraph (2)(C);
            ``(D) establish safeguards to protect--
                ``(i) the information submitted through or retained by 
            the National Accuracy Clearinghouse, including by limiting 
            the period of time that information is retained to the 
            period necessary to accomplish the purpose described in 
            paragraph (2)(A); and
                ``(ii) the privacy of information that is submitted 
            through or retained by the National Accuracy Clearinghouse 
            consistent with subsection (e)(8); and
            ``(E) include such other rules and standards the Secretary 
        determines appropriate to carry out this subsection.
        ``(4) Timing.--The initial match and corresponding actions 
    required by paragraph (3)(B) shall occur within 3 years after the 
    date of the enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
    2018.''.
SEC. 4012. REQUIREMENT OF LIVE-PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENTS FOR CERTAIN 
PILOT PROJECTS RELATING TO COST SHARING FOR COMPUTERIZATION.
    Section 16(g)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2025(g)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (F) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) 
    as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively, and indenting 
    appropriately;
        (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (F) as clauses 
    (i) through (vi), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
        (3) in the matter preceding clause (i), as so redesignated--
            (A) by striking ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'' and inserting 
        ``paragraph (2)''; and
            (B) by striking ``in the planning'' and inserting the 
        following: ``in the--
            ``(A) planning'',
        (4) in clause (v), as so redesignated, of subparagraph (A), as 
    so designated, by striking ``implementation, including through 
    pilot projects in limited areas for major systems changes as 
    determined under rules promulgated by the Secretary, data from 
    which'' and inserting the following: ``implementation, including a 
    requirement that--

                    ``(I) such testing shall be accomplished through 
                pilot projects in limited areas for major systems 
                changes (as determined under rules promulgated by the 
                Secretary);
                    ``(II) each pilot project described in subclause 
                (I) that is carried out before the implementation of a 
                system shall be conducted in a live-production 
                environment; and
                    ``(III) the data resulting from each pilot project 
                carried out under this clause'';

        (5) in clause (vi), as so redesignated, by striking the period 
    at end and inserting ``; and'', and
        (6) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(B) operation of 1 or more automatic data processing and 
        information retrieval systems that the Secretary determines may 
        continue to be operated in accordance with clauses (i) through 
        (vii) of subparagraph (A).''.
SEC. 4013. QUALITY CONTROL IMPROVEMENTS.
    (a) Records.--Section 11(a)(3)(B) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2020(a)(3)(B)) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Records described'' and inserting ``All 
    records, and the entire information systems in which records are 
    contained, that are covered'', and
        (2) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:
                ``(i) be made available for inspection and audit by the 
            Secretary, subject to data and security protocols agreed to 
            by the State agency and Secretary;''.
    (b) Quality Control System.--Section 16(c)(1)(B) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(1)(B)) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(B) Quality control system integrity.--
                ``(i) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
            date of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 
            2018, the Secretary shall issue interim final regulations 
            that--

                    ``(I) ensure that the quality control system 
                established under this subsection produces valid 
                statistical results;
                    ``(II) provide for oversight of contracts entered 
                into by a State agency for the purpose of improving 
                payment accuracy;
                    ``(III) ensure the accuracy of data collected under 
                the quality control system established under this 
                subsection; and
                    ``(IV) for each fiscal year, to the maximum extent 
                practicable, provide for the evaluation of the 
                integrity of the quality control process of not fewer 
                than 2 State agencies, selected in accordance with 
                criteria determined by the Secretary.

                ``(ii) Debarment.--In accordance with the 
            nonprocurement debarment procedures under part 417 of title 
            2, Code of Federal Regulations, or successor regulations, 
            the Secretary shall debar any person that, in carrying out 
            the quality control system established under this 
            subsection, knowingly submits, or causes to be submitted, 
            false information to the Secretary.''.
    (c) Reporting Requirements.--The 1st sentence of section 16(c)(4) 
of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(c)(4)) is amended 
by inserting ``, including providing access to applicable State records 
and the entire information systems in which the records are 
contained,'' after ``necessary''.
    (d) State Performance Indicators.--Section 16(d) of the Food and 
Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(d)) is amended--
        (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``State Performance 
    Indicators'',
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in the heading by striking ``and thereafter'' and 
        inserting ``through 2017'',
            (B) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``and each fiscal year 
        thereafter'' and inserting ``through fiscal year 2017'', and
            (C) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and each fiscal year 
        thereafter'' and inserting ``through fiscal year 2017'', and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) Fiscal year 2018 and fiscal years thereafter.--
            ``(A) With respect to fiscal year 2018 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall establish, by regulation, 
        performance criteria relating to--
                ``(i) actions taken to correct errors, reduce rates of 
            error, and improve eligibility determinations; and
                ``(ii) other indicators of effective administration 
            determined by the Secretary.
            ``(B) The Secretary shall not award performance bonus 
        payments to State agencies in fiscal year 2019 for fiscal year 
        2018 performance.''.
    (e) Cost Sharing for Computerization.--Section 16(g)(1)(A) of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2025(g)(1)(A)), as amended by 
section 4012, is amended--
        (1) in clause (v)(III) by striking ``and'', and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(vii) would be accessible by the Secretary for 
            inspection and audit under section 11(a)(3)(B); and''.
SEC. 4014. EVALUATION OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT COOPERATION 
REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) Evaluation of Child Support Enforcement Cooperation 
Requirements.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
    Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall conduct an 
    independent evaluation of a representative sample of States--
            ``(A) to assess the implementation and impact of the 
        eligibility requirements described in subsections (l) through 
        (n) of section 6 in States that have formerly implemented or 
        continue to implement those requirements, and the feasibility 
        of implementing those requirements in other States;
            ``(B) to assess the factors that contributed to the 
        decision of States that formerly implemented the eligibility 
        requirements described in each of subsections (l) through (n) 
        of section 6 to cease such implementation;
            ``(C) to review alternatives to the eligibility 
        requirements described in each of subsections (l) through (n) 
        of section 6 that are used by other States to assist 
        participants in the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
        to make or receive child support payments and the effectiveness 
        of those alternatives; and
            ``(D) to evaluate the costs and benefits to households and 
        to State agencies, of requiring State agencies to implement 
        each of the eligibility requirements described in subsections 
        (l) through (n) of section 6.
        ``(2) Evaluation.--The evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
    include, to the maximum extent practicable, an assessment of--
            ``(A) the manner in which applicable State agencies 
        implement and enforce the eligibility requirements described in 
        subparagraph (A) of such paragraph, including--
                ``(i) the procedures used by each State to determine 
            cooperation, to sanction participants for failure to 
            cooperate, and to determine good cause for noncooperation 
            under each of subsections (l) through (n) of section 6; and
                ``(ii) the manner in which each State aligns the 
            procedures for implementing those eligibility requirements 
            with procedures for implementing other Federal programs 
            that require cooperation with child support enforcement, 
            including the program of block grants to States for 
            temporary assistance for needy families established under 
            part A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
            601 et seq.), the Medicaid program under title XIX of the 
            Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.), and programs 
            carried out under the Child Care and Development Block 
            Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9857 et seq.);
            ``(B) the Federal, State, and local costs associated with 
        implementing those eligibility requirements, including costs 
        incurred under this Act and by child support enforcement 
        agencies for personnel, technology upgrades, and other costs;
            ``(C) the effect of those eligibility requirements on the 
        establishment of new child support orders, the establishment of 
        paternity, changes in child support payments to custodial 
        households, and changes in arrears owed on child support 
        orders;
            ``(D) with respect to the eligibility requirements under 
        each of subsections (l) through (n) of section 6--
                ``(i) the number of individuals subject to those 
            requirements;
                ``(ii) the number of individuals in each State who meet 
            those requirements; and
                ``(iii) the number of individuals in each State who 
            fail to meet those requirements;
            ``(E) the number of individuals in each State for whom good 
        cause for noncooperation has been found under section 6(l)(2);
            ``(F) the impact of those eligibility requirements on the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program eligibility, benefit 
        levels, food security, income, and economic stability of--
                ``(i) individuals subject to those requirements;
                ``(ii) the household members of those individuals, 
            including children; and
                ``(iii) households with nontraditional family 
            structures, including a household in which a grandparent is 
            the primary caretaker of a grandchild of the grandparent.
        ``(3) State agency cooperation.--Each State agency selected 
    under paragraph (1) shall provide information to the Secretary 
    necessary to conduct the evaluation under such paragraph.
        ``(4) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
    enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary 
    shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
    Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
    Forestry of the Senate a report describing the findings from the 
    evaluation conducted under paragraph (1).''.
SEC. 4015. LONGITUDINAL DATA FOR RESEARCH.
    (a) Longitudinal Data.--Section 17 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 
2008 (7 U.S.C. 2026), as amended by section 4014, is amended by adding 
at the end the following:
    ``(n) Longitudinal Data for Research.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (3) through (5), a 
    State agency may, on approval by the Secretary, establish a 
    longitudinal database that contains information about households 
    and members of households that receive benefits under the 
    supplemental nutrition assistance program in the State.
        ``(2) Purpose.--Each longitudinal database established under 
    paragraph (1) shall be used solely to conduct research on 
    participation in and the operation of the supplemental nutrition 
    assistance program, including duration of participation in the 
    program.
        ``(3) Requirements for databases.--Prior to the approval of 
    State agencies to establish longitudinal databases under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary shall--
            ``(A) identify features that shall be standard across 
        States such as database format to facilitate use of 
        longitudinal databases established under paragraph (1) for 
        research purposes;
            ``(B) identify features of longitudinal databases 
        established under paragraph (1) that may vary across States;
            ``(C) identify a procedure for States operating 
        longitudinal databases under paragraph (1) to use a unique 
        identifier to provide relevant information on household members 
        who receive benefits under the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program for the purpose of comparing participation 
        data in multiple participating States over time while 
        protecting participant privacy;
            ``(D) establish the manner in which data security and 
        privacy protections, as required by Federal law and consistent 
        with other appropriate practices, shall be implemented and 
        maintained;
            ``(E) provide direction to State agencies on the 
        responsibilities of and funding arrangements for State agencies 
        and any State contractors (including entities providing 
        technical assistance) relating to the establishment and 
        operation of a longitudinal database;
            ``(F) provide a description of the documentation that 
        States shall submit to the Secretary prior to allowing 
        researchers access to a longitudinal database;
            ``(G) consult with other Federal research agencies, 
        including the Bureau of the Census;
            ``(H) consult with States that have already established 
        databases used for purposes similar to the purposes outlined in 
        this subsection; and
            ``(I) identify any other requirements determined 
        appropriate by the Secretary.
        ``(4) Included data.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), each 
        longitudinal database established under paragraph (1)--
                ``(i) shall include monthly information about 
            households and members of households that receive benefits 
            under the supplemental nutrition assistance program in the 
            participating State taken from existing information 
            collected by the State agency including, if available,--

                    ``(I) demographic characteristics;
                    ``(II) income and financial resources (as described 
                in section 5(g));
                    ``(III) employment status;
                    ``(IV) household circumstances, such as deductible 
                expenses; and
                    ``(V) the amount of the monthly allotment received 
                under the supplemental nutrition assistance program; 
                and

                ``(ii) may include information from other State data 
            sources such as--

                    ``(I) earnings and employment data from the State 
                department of labor;
                    ``(II) health insurance program data; or
                    ``(III) data from participation in other programs 
                administered by the State.

            ``(B) Data protection.--Any State that establishes a 
        longitudinal database under paragraph (1) shall, in accordance 
        with all applicable Federal and State privacy standards and 
        requirements--
                ``(i) protect the privacy of information about each 
            member of each household that receives benefits under the 
            supplemental nutrition assistance program in such State by 
            ensuring that no personally identifiable information 
            (including social security number, home address, or contact 
            information) is included in the longitudinal database; and
                ``(ii) make the data under this paragraph available to 
            researchers and the Secretary.
        ``(5) Approval.--The Secretary shall approve the establishment 
    of longitudinal databases under paragraph (1) in States that--
            ``(A) meet the requirements for databases under paragraph 
        (3) and (4)(B);
            ``(B) reflect a range of participant numbers, demographics, 
        operational structures, and geographic regions; and
            ``(C) have the capacity to provide on a periodic and 
        ongoing basis household and participant data derived from the 
        eligibility system and other data sources of the State.
        ``(6) Grants.--
            ``(A) In general.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Secretary may provide grants to States that have been approved 
        by the Secretary in accordance with paragraph (5) out of funds 
        made available under paragraph (9).
            ``(B) Method of awarding grants.--Grants awarded under this 
        paragraph shall be made in such amounts and under such terms 
        and conditions as the Secretary determines necessary to carry 
        out the purposes of this subsection.
        ``(7) Report.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the 
        effective date of this subsection, the Secretary shall submit 
        to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of 
        the Senate a report on the feasibility of expanding 
        implementation of longitudinal databases to every State.
            ``(B) Contents.--The report required under subparagraph (A) 
        shall describe--
                ``(i) the cost of expanding implementation of 
            longitudinal databases with consistent data to every State;
                ``(ii) the challenges and benefits of using State 
            longitudinal databases with consistent data; and
                ``(iii) alternatives to expanding implementation of 
            longitudinal databases with consistent data to every State 
            that may achieve similar research outcomes and the 
            advantages and disadvantages of those alternatives.
        ``(8) Effect.--Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to 
    prevent or limit the ability of State agencies to establish or 
    continue operating databases used for purposes similar to the 
    purposes outlined in this subsection.
        ``(9) Funding.--Of the funds made available under section 18, 
    the Secretary shall use to carry out this subsection--
            ``(A) $20,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 to remain available 
        through fiscal year 2021; and
            ``(B) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2022 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The 1st sentence of section 16(a) of the 
Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 is amended--
        (1) by striking ``and (8)'' and inserting ``(8)''; and
        (2) by inserting ``, and (9) establishing and operating a 
    longitudinal database in accordance with section 17(n)'' before ``: 
    Provided''.
SEC. 4016. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    The 1st sentence of section 18(a)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act 
of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2027(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 4017. ASSISTANCE FOR COMMUNITY FOOD PROJECTS.
    Section 25(b)(2) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2034(b)(2)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the end,
        (2) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``fiscal year 2015 and each 
    fiscal year thereafter.'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2015 
    through 2018; and'', and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(D) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter.''.
SEC. 4018. EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) State Plan.--Section 202A(b) of the Emergency Food Assistance 
Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7503(b)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) at the option of the State agency, describe a plan of 
    operation for 1 or more projects in partnership with 1 or more 
    emergency feeding organizations located in the State to harvest, 
    process, package, or transport donated commodities received under 
    section 203D(d); and
        ``(6) describe a plan, which may include the use of a State 
    advisory board established under subsection (c), that provides 
    emergency feeding organizations or eligible recipient agencies 
    within the State an opportunity to provide input on the commodity 
    preferences and needs of the emergency feeding organization or 
    eligible recipient agency.''.
    (b) State and Local Supplementation of Commodities.--Section 203D 
of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7507) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Projects to Harvest, Process, Package, or Transport Donated 
Commodities.--
        ``(1) Definition of project.--In this subsection, the term 
    `project' means the harvesting, processing, packaging, or 
    transportation of unharvested, unprocessed, or unpackaged 
    commodities donated by agricultural producers, processors, or 
    distributors for use by emergency feeding organizations under 
    subsection (a).
        ``(2) Federal funding for projects.--
            ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraphs (B) and (C) and 
        paragraph (3), using funds made available under paragraph (5), 
        the Secretary may provide funding to States to pay for the 
        costs of carrying out a project.
            ``(B) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 50 percent of 
        the total cost of the project.
            ``(C) Allocation.--
                ``(i) In general.--Each fiscal year, the Secretary 
            shall allocate the funds made available under subparagraph 
            (A), based on a formula determined by the Secretary, to 
            States that have submitted a State plan describing a plan 
            of operation for a project under section 202A(b)(5).
                ``(ii) Reallocation.--If the Secretary determines that 
            a State will not expend all of the funds allocated to the 
            State for a fiscal year under clause (i), the Secretary 
            shall reallocate the unexpended funds to other States that 
            have submitted under section 202A(b)(5) a State plan 
            describing a plan of operation for a project during that 
            fiscal year or the subsequent fiscal year, as the Secretary 
            determines appropriate.
                ``(iii) Reports.--Each State to which funds are 
            allocated for a fiscal year under this subparagraph shall, 
            on a regular basis, submit to the Secretary financial 
            reports describing the use of the funds.
        ``(3) Project purposes.--A State may only use Federal funds 
    received under paragraph (2) for a project the purposes of which 
    are--
            ``(A) to reduce food waste at the agricultural production, 
        processing, or distribution level through the donation of food;
            ``(B) to provide food to individuals in need; and
            ``(C) to build relationships between agricultural 
        producers, processors, and distributors and emergency feeding 
        organizations through the donation of food.
        ``(4) Cooperative agreements.--The Secretary may encourage a 
    State agency that carries out a project using Federal funds 
    received under paragraph (2) to enter into cooperative agreements 
    with State agencies of other States under section 203B(d) to 
    maximize the use of commodities donated under the project.
        ``(5) Funding.--Out of funds not otherwise appropriated, the 
    Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer to the Secretary to carry 
    out this subsection $4,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
    through 2023, to remain available until the end of the subsequent 
    fiscal year.''.
    (c) Food Waste.--Section 203D of the Emergency Food Assistance Act 
of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7507), as amended by subsection (b), is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Food Waste.--The Secretary shall issue guidance outlining 
best practices to minimize the food waste of the commodities donated 
under subsection (a).''.
    (d) Emergency Food Program Infrastructure Grants.--Section 209(d) 
of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 7511a(d)) is 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
    (e) Availability of Commodities for the Emergency Food Assistance 
Program.--Section 27(a) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036(a)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'';
            (B) in subparagraph (D)--
                (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
            ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'';
                (ii) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' after the 
            semicolon;
                (iii) in clause (iv), by striking ``and'' after the 
            semicolon;
                (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(v) for fiscal year 2019, $23,000,000;
                ``(vi) for fiscal year 2020, $35,000,000;
                ``(vii) for fiscal year 2021, $35,000,000;
                ``(viii) for fiscal year 2022, $35,000,000; and
                ``(ix) for fiscal year 2023, $35,000,000; and''; and
            (C) in subparagraph (E)--
                (i) by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024'';
                (ii) by striking ``(D)(iv)'' and inserting ``(D)(ix)''; 
            and
                (iii) by striking ``June 30, 2017'' and inserting 
            ``June 30, 2023''.
SEC. 4019. NUTRITION EDUCATION.
    Section 28(c) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036a(c)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
            ``Except as provided in subparagraph (C), a'' and inserting 
            ``A'',
                (ii) in clause (ii) by striking ``and'' after the 
            semicolon,
                (iii) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (iv), and
                (iv) by inserting after clause (ii) the following:
                ``(iii) describe how the State agency shall use an 
            electronic reporting system to--

                    ``(I) measure and evaluate the projects; and
                    ``(II) account for the allowable State agency 
                administrative costs including for--

                        ``(aa) salaries and benefits of State agency 
                    personnel;
                        ``(bb) office supplies and equipment;
                        ``(cc) travel costs;
                        ``(dd) development and production of nutrition 
                    education materials;
                        ``(ee) memberships, subscriptions, and 
                    professional activities;
                        ``(ff) lease or rental costs;
                        ``(gg) maintenance and repair expenses;
                        ``(hh) indirect costs; and
                        ``(ii) cost of using publicly-owned building 
                    space; and'', and
            (B) by striking subparagraph (C),
        (2) in paragraph (3)(B) in the matter preceding clause (i), by 
    inserting ``, the Director of the National Institute of Food and 
    Agriculture,'' before ``and outside stakeholders'',
        (3) in paragraph (5) by inserting ``the expanded food and 
    nutrition education program or'' before ``other health promotion'', 
    and
        (4) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(6) Information clearinghouse.--The Secretary shall establish 
    an online clearinghouse that makes available to State agencies, 
    local agencies, institutions of higher education, and community 
    organizations best practices for planning, implementing, and 
    evaluating nutrition education and obesity prevention services to 
    ensure that projects carried out with funds received under this 
    section are appropriate for the target population.
        ``(7) Technical assistance.--The Secretary shall provide 
    technical assistance to a State agency in developing and 
    implementing a nutrition education State plan, including--
            ``(A) by identifying common challenges faced by entities 
        described in paragraph (6) that participate in projects carried 
        out with funds received under this section;
            ``(B) by coordinating efforts to address those common 
        challenges;
            ``(C) by collecting and disseminating information on 
        evidence-based practices relating to nutrition education and 
        obesity prevention;
            ``(D) by facilitating communication between and among 
        grantees and subgrantees of funds received under this section;
            ``(E) by assisting State agencies in creating or 
        maintaining systems to compile program data; and
            ``(F) by performing or assisting with other activities, as 
        determined by the Secretary.
        ``(8) Annual state report.--Each State agency that delivers 
    nutrition education and obesity prevention services under this 
    subsection shall submit to the Secretary an annual report, which 
    shall be made publicly available by the Secretary, that includes--
            ``(A) the use of funds on the State agency's program, 
        including for each category of allowable State agency 
        administrative costs identified in paragraph (2)(B)(iii)(II);
            ``(B) a description of each project carried out by that 
        agency under this subsection, including, with respect to the 
        project, the target population, interventions, educational 
        materials used, key performance indicators used, and 
        evaluations made;
            ``(C) a comprehensive analysis of the impacts and 
        outcomes--
                ``(i) of the project, including with respect to the 
            elements described in subparagraph (A); and
                ``(ii) to the extent practicable, of completed 
            multiyear projects; and
            ``(D) the status of any ongoing multiyear project.
        ``(9) Annual federal report.--The Administrator of the Food and 
    Nutrition Service, in consultation with the Director of the 
    National Institute of Food and Agriculture, shall annually submit 
    to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and 
    the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate 
    a report that--
            ``(A) evaluates the level of coordination between--
                ``(i) the nutrition education and obesity prevention 
            grant program under this section;
                ``(ii) the expanded food and nutrition education 
            program under section 1425 of the National Agricultural 
            Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 
            U.S.C. 3175); and
                ``(iii) any other nutrition education program 
            administered by the Department of Agriculture; and
            ``(B) includes the use of funds on such programs including 
        State agency administrative costs reported by States under 
        paragraph (8)(A).''.
SEC. 4020. RETAIL FOOD STORE AND RECIPIENT TRAFFICKING.
    Section 29(c)(1) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
2036b(c)(1)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 4021. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS.
    The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``SEC. 30. PILOT PROJECTS TO ENCOURAGE THE USE OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE 
      PARTNERSHIPS COMMITTED TO ADDRESSING FOOD INSECURITY.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may, on application of eligible 
entities, approve not more than 10 pilot projects to support public-
private partnerships that address food insecurity and poverty.
    ``(b) Definitions.--For purposes of this section--
        ``(1) the term `eligible entity' means--
            ``(A) a nonprofit organization;
            ``(B) a community-based organization;
            ``(C) an institution of higher education; or
            ``(D) a private entity, as determined by the Secretary; and
        ``(2) the term `public agency' means a department, agency, 
    other unit, or instrumentality of Federal, State, or local 
    government.
    ``(c) Project Requirements.--Projects approved under this section 
shall--
        ``(1) be limited to 2 years in length; and
        ``(2) include a collaboration between one or more public 
    agencies and one or more eligible entities that--
            ``(A) improves the effectiveness and impact of the 
        supplemental nutrition assistance program;
            ``(B) develops food security solutions that are specific to 
        the needs of a community or region; and
            ``(C) strengthens the capacity of communities to address 
        food insecurity and poverty.
    ``(d) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall provide for an independent 
evaluation of pilot projects approved under this section that 
includes--
        ``(1) a summary of the activities conducted under the pilot 
    projects;
        ``(2) an assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot projects; 
    and
        ``(3) best practices regarding the use of public-private 
    partnerships to improve the effectiveness of public benefit 
    programs to address food insecurity and poverty.
    ``(e) Funding.--
        ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 to remain 
    available until expended.
        ``(2) Appropriation in advance.--Only funds appropriated under 
    paragraph (1) in advance specifically to carry out this section 
    shall be available to carry out this section.''.
SEC. 4022. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
    The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) is 
amended--
        (1) in section 3--
            (A) in subsections (d) and (i) by striking ``7(i)'' and 
        inserting ``7(h)'', and
            (B) in subsection (o)(1)(A) by striking ``(r)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``(q)(1)'',
        (2) in section 5(a) by striking ``and section'' each place it 
    appears and all that follows through ``households'' the respective 
    next place it appears, and inserting ``and section 3(m)(4), 
    households'',
        (3) in subsections (e)(1) and (f)(1)(A)(i) of section 8 by 
    striking ``3(n)(5)'' and inserting ``3(m)(5)'',
        (4) in the 1st sentence of section 10--
            (A) by striking ``or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance 
        Corporation'' each place it appears, and
            (B) by striking ``3(p)(4)'' and inserting ``3(o)(4)'',
        (5) in section 11--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' and 
        inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
            (B) in subsection (d)--
                (i) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' each place it appears and 
            inserting ``3(s)(1)'', and
                (ii) by striking ``3(t)(2)'' each place it appears and 
            inserting ``3(s)(2)'', and
            (C) in subsection (e)--
                (i) in paragraph (17) by striking ``3(t)(1)'' inserting 
            ``3(s)(1)'', and
                (ii) in paragraph (23) by striking ``Simplified 
            Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program'' and inserting 
            ``simplified supplemental nutrition assistance program'',
        (6) in section 15(e) by striking ``exchange'' and all that 
    follows through ``anything'', and inserting ``exchange for 
    benefits, or anything'',
        (7) in section 17(b)(1)(B)(iv)(III)(aa) by striking ``3(n)'' 
    and inserting ``3(m)'',
        (8) in section 25(a)(1)(B)(i)(I) by striking the 2d semicolon 
    at the end, and
        (9) in section 26(b) by striking ``out'' and all that follows 
    through ``(referred'', and inserting ``out a simplified 
    supplemental nutrition assistance program (referred''.

              Subtitle B--Commodity Distribution Programs

SEC. 4101. COMMODITY DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM.
    The 1st sentence of section 4(a) of the Agriculture and Consumer 
Protection Act of 1973 (7 U.S.C. 612c note) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 4102. COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM.
    Section 5 of the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973 (7 
U.S.C. 612c note; Public Law 93-86) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023'', and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(B), in the matter preceding clause 
        (i), by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'',
        (2) in subsection (d)(2), in the 1st sentence, by striking 
    ``2018'' and inserting ``2023'', and
        (3) in subsection (g)--
            (A) by striking ``Except'' and inserting the following:
        ``(1) In general.--Except'', and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Certification.--
            ``(A) Definition of certification period.--In this 
        paragraph, the term `certification period' means the period 
        during which a participant in the commodity supplemental food 
        program in a State may continue to receive benefits under the 
        commodity supplemental food program without a formal review of 
        the eligibility of the participant.
            ``(B) Minimum certification period.--Subject to 
        subparagraphs (C) and (D), a State shall establish for the 
        commodity supplemental food program of the State a 
        certification period of--
                ``(i) not less than 1 year; but
                ``(ii) not more than 3 years.
            ``(C) Temporary certification.--An eligible applicant for 
        the commodity supplemental food program in a State may be 
        provided with a temporary monthly certification to fill any 
        caseload slot resulting from nonparticipation by certified 
        participants.
            ``(D) Approvals.--A certification period of more than 1 
        year established by a State under subparagraph (B) shall be 
        subject to the approval of the Secretary, who shall approve 
        such a certification period on the condition that, with respect 
        to each participant receiving benefits under the commodity 
        supplemental food program of the State, the local agency in the 
        State administering the commodity supplemental food program, on 
        an annual basis during the certification period applicable to 
        the participant--
                ``(i) verifies the address and continued interest of 
            the participant; and
                ``(ii) has sufficient reason to determine that the 
            participant still meets the income eligibility standards 
            under paragraph (1), which may include a determination that 
            the participant has a fixed income.''.
SEC. 4103. DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLUS COMMODITIES TO SPECIAL NUTRITION 
PROJECTS.
    Section 1114(a)(2)(A) of the Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 (7 
U.S.C. 1431e(a)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 4104. FOOD DONATION STANDARDS.
    Section 203D of the Emergency Food Assistance Act of 1983 (7 U.S.C. 
7507), as amended by section 4018(c), is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(f) Food Donation Standards.--
        ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            ``(A) Apparently wholesome food.--The term `apparently 
        wholesome food' has the meaning given the term in section 22(b) 
        of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1791(b)).
            ``(B) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        `institution of higher education' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1002).
            ``(C) Qualified direct donor.--The term `qualified direct 
        donor' means a retail food store, wholesaler, agricultural 
        producer, restaurant, caterer, school food authority, or 
        institution of higher education.
        ``(2) Guidance.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of enactment of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the 
        Secretary shall issue guidance to promote awareness of 
        donations of apparently wholesome food protected under section 
        22(c) of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1791(c)) by 
        qualified direct donors in compliance with applicable State and 
        local health, food safety, and food handling laws (including 
        regulations).
            ``(B) Issuance.--The Secretary shall encourage State 
        agencies and emergency feeding organizations to share the 
        guidance issued under subparagraph (A) with qualified direct 
        donors.''.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 4201. SENIORS FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM.
    Section 4402(a) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 3007(a)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 4202. PURCHASE OF FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOR DISTRIBUTION TO 
SCHOOLS AND SERVICE INSTITUTIONS.
    Section 10603(b) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
2002 (7 U.S.C. 612c-4(b)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 4203. SERVICE OF TRADITIONAL FOODS IN PUBLIC FACILITIES.
    Section 4033(d)(1) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (128 Stat. 818) 
is amended--
        (1) by striking ``and'' the 1st place it appears,
        (2) by inserting ``, a State, a county or county equivalent, a 
    local educational agency, and an entity or person authorized to 
    facilitate the donation, storage, preparation, or serving of 
    traditional food by the operator of a food service program'' after 
    ``organization'', and
        (3) by inserting ``storage, preparation, or'' after ``donation 
    to or''.
SEC. 4204. HEALTHY FOOD FINANCING INITIATIVE.
    Section 243 of the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 
1994 (7 U.S.C. 6953) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and enterprises'' after 
    ``retailers'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(3)(B)(iii), by inserting ``and 
    enterprises'' after ``retailers''; and
        (3) in subsection (c)(2)(B)(ii), by inserting ``as 
    applicable,'' before ``to accept''.
SEC. 4205. THE GUS SCHUMACHER NUTRITION INCENTIVE PROGRAM.
    (a) Amendment to Program.--Section 4405 of the Food, Conservation, 
and Energy Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 7517) is amended--
        (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``the gus schumacher 
    nutrition incentive program'',
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
        ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
    governmental agency or nonprofit organization.'',
            (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ``means the'' and all that 
        follows through the period at the end, and inserting the 
        following:
    ``means--
            ``(A) the supplemental nutrition assistance program 
        established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 
        2011 et seq.); and
            ``(B) the programs for nutrition assistance under section 
        19 of such Act (7 U.S.C. 2028).'', and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Healthcare partner.--The term `healthcare partner' means 
    a healthcare provider, including--
            ``(A) a hospital;
            ``(B) a Federally-qualified health center (as defined in 
        section 1905(l) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 
        1396d(l)));
            ``(C) a hospital or clinic operated by the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs; or
            ``(D) a healthcare provider group.
        ``(5) Member.--The term `member' means, as determined by the 
    applicable eligible entity or healthcare partner carrying out a 
    project under subsection (c) in accordance with procedures 
    established by the Secretary--
            ``(A) an individual eligible for--
                ``(i) benefits under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 
            (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.); or
                ``(ii) medical assistance under a State plan or a 
            waiver of such a plan under title XIX of the Social 
            Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) and enrolled under 
            such plan or waiver; and
            ``(B) a member of a low-income household that suffers from, 
        or is at risk of developing, a diet-related health 
        condition.'',
        (3) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``The'' and 
            inserting ``Except as provided in subparagraph (D)(iii), 
            the'',
                (ii) in subparagraph (C) by adding at the end the 
            following:
                ``(iii) Tribal agencies.--The Secretary may allow a 
            Tribal agency to use funds provided to the Indian Tribe of 
            the Tribal agency through a Federal agency (including the 
            Indian Health Service) or other Federal benefit to satisfy 
            all or part of the non-Federal share described in clause 
            (i) if such use is otherwise consistent with the purpose of 
            such funds.'',
                (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) and (C) as 
            subparagraphs (C) and (D), and
                (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
            ``(B) Partners and collaborators.--An eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this subsection may partner with, or 
        make subgrants to, public, private, nonprofit, or for-profit 
        entities, including--
                ``(i) an emergency feeding organization;
                ``(ii) an agricultural cooperative;
                ``(iii) a producer network or association;
                ``(iv) a community health organization;
                ``(v) a public benefit corporation;
                ``(vi) an economic development corporation;
                ``(vii) a farmers' market;
                ``(viii) a community-supported agriculture program;
                ``(ix) a buying club;
                ``(x) a retail food store participating in the 
            supplemental nutrition assistance program;
                ``(xi) a State, local, or tribal agency;
                ``(xii) another eligible entity that receives a grant 
            under this subsection; and
                ``(xiii) any other entity the Secretary designates.'',
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
            ``(A) In general.--To receive a grant under this 
        subsection, an eligible entity shall--
                ``(i) meet the application criteria set forth by the 
            Secretary; and
                ``(ii) propose a project that, at a minimum--

                    ``(I) has the support of the State agency 
                administering the supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program;
                    ``(II) would increase the purchase of fruits and 
                vegetables by low-income households participating in 
                the supplemental nutrition assistance program by 
                providing an incentive for the purchase of fruits and 
                vegetables at the point of purchase to a household 
                purchasing food with supplemental nutrition assistance 
                program benefits;
                    ``(III) except in the case of projects receiving 
                $100,000 or less over 1 year, would measure the 
                purchase of fruits and vegetables by low-income 
                households participating in the supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program;
                    ``(IV) ensures that the same terms and conditions 
                apply to purchases made by individuals with benefits 
                issued under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 and 
                incentives provided for in this subsection as apply to 
                purchases made by individuals who are not members of 
                households receiving benefits, such as provided for in 
                section 278.2(b) of title 7, Code of Federal 
                Regulations (or a successor regulation);
                    ``(V) has adequate plans to collect data for 
                reporting and agrees to provide that information for 
                the report described in subsection (e)(2)(B)(iii); and
                    ``(VI) would share information with the Nutrition 
                Incentive Program Training, Technical Assistance, 
                Evaluation, and Information Centers established under 
                subsection (e).'',

                (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

                    (I) by striking clause (v),
                    (II) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (x), 
                and
                    (III) by inserting after clause (iv) the following:

                ``(v) include a project design--

                    ``(I) that provides incentives when fruits or 
                vegetables are purchased using supplemental nutrition 
                assistance program benefits; and
                    ``(II) in which the incentives earned may be used 
                only to purchase fruits or vegetables;

                ``(vi) have demonstrated the ability to provide 
            services to underserved communities;
                ``(vii) include coordination with multiple 
            stakeholders, such as farm organizations, nutrition 
            education programs, cooperative extension services, public 
            health departments, health providers, private and public 
            health insurance agencies, cooperative grocers, grocery 
            associations, and community-based and nongovernmental 
            organizations;
                ``(viii) offer supplemental services in high-need 
            communities, including online ordering, transportation 
            between home and store, and delivery services;
                ``(ix) include food retailers that are open--

                    ``(I) for extended hours; and
                    ``(II) most or all days of the year; or'', and

            (C) by striking paragraphs (3) and (4),
        (4) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection (b) 
        $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``this section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2014 through 2023'', and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
            striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``this section'',
                (ii) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the 
            end,
                (iii) in subparagraph (C) by striking the period at the 
            end and inserting a semicolon, and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2019;
            ``(D) $48,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;
            ``(E) $48,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;
            ``(F) $53,000,000 for fiscal year 2022; and
            ``(G) $56,000,000 for fiscal year 2023 and each fiscal year 
        thereafter.
        ``(3) Use of funds.--With respect to funds made available under 
    this section for fiscal years 2019 through 2023--
            ``(A) for each fiscal year the Secretary shall use not more 
        than 10 percent of such funds available for such fiscal year 
        for the produce prescription program described in subsection 
        (c);
            ``(B) for each fiscal year not more than 8 percent of such 
        funds available for such fiscal year shall be used by the 
        National Institute of Food and Agriculture and the Food and 
        Nutrition Service for administration; and
            ``(C) the Secretary shall use for the Nutrition Incentive 
        Program Training, Technical Assistance, Evaluation, and 
        Information Centers established under subsection (e) not more 
        than--
                ``(i) $17,000,000 in the aggregate for fiscal years 
            2019 and 2020; and
                ``(ii) $7,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2021 
            through 2023.'',
        (5) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (f), and
        (6) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Produce Prescription Program.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a grant 
    program under which the Secretary shall award grants to eligible 
    entities to conduct projects that demonstrate and evaluate the 
    impact of the projects on--
            ``(A) the improvement of dietary health through increased 
        consumption of fruits and vegetables;
            ``(B) the reduction of individual and household food 
        insecurity; and
            ``(C) the reduction in healthcare use and associated costs.
        ``(2) Healthcare partners.--In carrying out a project using a 
    grant received under paragraph (1), an eligible entity shall 
    partner with 1 or more healthcare partners.
        ``(3) Grant applications.--
            ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
        paragraph (1), an eligible entity--
                ``(i) shall--

                    ``(I) prescribe fresh fruits and vegetables to 
                members;
                    ``(II) submit to the Secretary an application 
                containing such information as the Secretary may 
                require, including the information described in 
                subparagraph (B); and

                ``(ii) may--

                    ``(I) provide financial or non-financial incentives 
                for members to purchase or procure fresh fruits and 
                vegetables;
                    ``(II) provide educational resources on nutrition 
                to members; and
                    ``(III) establish additional accessible locations 
                for members to procure fresh fruits and vegetables.

            ``(B) Application.--An application shall--
                ``(i) identify the 1 or more healthcare partners with 
            which the eligible entity is partnering under paragraph 
            (2); and
                ``(ii) include--

                    ``(I) a description of the methods by which an 
                eligible entity shall--

                        ``(aa) screen and verify eligibility for 
                    members for participation in a produce prescription 
                    project, in accordance with procedures established 
                    under subsection (a)(5);
                        ``(bb) implement an effective produce 
                    prescription project, including the role of each 
                    healthcare partner in implementing the produce 
                    prescription project;
                        ``(cc) evaluate members participating in a 
                    produce prescription project with respect to the 
                    matters described in subparagraphs (A) through (C) 
                    of paragraph (1);
                        ``(dd) provide educational opportunities 
                    relating to nutrition to members participating in a 
                    produce prescription project; and
                        ``(ee) inform members of the availability of 
                    the produce prescription project, including 
                    locations at which produce prescriptions may be 
                    redeemed;

                    ``(II) a description of any additional nonprofit or 
                emergency feeding organizations that shall be involved 
                in the project and the role of each additional 
                nonprofit or emergency feeding organization in 
                implementing and evaluating an effective produce 
                prescription project;
                    ``(III) documentation of a partnership agreement 
                with a relevant State Medicaid agency or other 
                appropriate entity, as determined by the Secretary, to 
                evaluate the effectiveness of the produce prescription 
                project in reducing healthcare use and associated 
                costs;
                    ``(IV) adequate plans to collect data for reporting 
                and agreement to provide that information for the 
                report described in subsection (e)(2)(B)(iii); and
                    ``(V) agreement to share information with the 
                Nutrition Incentive Program Training, Technical 
                Assistance, Evaluation, and Information Centers 
                established under subsection (e).

        ``(4) Coordination.--In carrying out the grant program 
    established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall coordinate 
    with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the heads of 
    other appropriate Federal agencies that carry out activities 
    relating to healthcare partners.
        ``(5) Partnerships.--
            ``(A) In general.--In carrying out the grant program under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary may enter into 1 or more memoranda 
        of understanding with a Federal agency, a State, or a private 
        entity to ensure the effective implementation and evaluation of 
        each project.
            ``(B) Memorandum of understanding.--A memorandum of 
        understanding entered into under subparagraph (A) shall 
        include--
                ``(i) a description of a plan to provide educational 
            opportunities relating to nutrition to members 
            participating in produce prescription projects;
                ``(ii) a description of the role of the Federal agency, 
            State, or private entity, as applicable, in implementing 
            and evaluating an effective produce prescription project; 
            and
                ``(iii) documentation of a partnership agreement with a 
            relevant State Medicaid agency or other appropriate entity, 
            as determined by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Applicability.--
        ``(1) In general.--The value of any benefit provided to a 
    participant in any activity funded under subsections (b) or (c) 
    shall be treated as supplemental nutrition benefits under section 
    8(b) of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2017(b)).
        ``(2) Prohibition on collection of sales taxes.--Each State 
    shall ensure that no State or local tax is collected on a purchase 
    of food with assistance provided under subsections (b) and (c).
        ``(3) No limitation on benefits.--Grants made available under 
    subsections (b) and (c) shall not be used to carry out any project 
    that limits the use of benefits under the Food and Nutrition Act of 
    2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) or any other Federal nutrition law.
        ``(4) Household allotment.--Assistance provided under 
    subsections (b) and (c) to households receiving benefits under the 
    supplemental nutrition assistance program shall not--
            ``(A) be considered part of the supplemental nutrition 
        assistance program benefits of the household; or
            ``(B) be used in the collection or disposition of claims 
        under section 13 of the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 
        U.S.C. 2022).
    ``(e) Nutrition Incentive Program Training, Technical Assistance, 
Evaluation, and Information Centers.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(A) establish 1 or more Nutrition Incentive Program 
        Training, Technical Assistance, Evaluation, and Information 
        Centers, in consultation with the Director of the National 
        Institute of Food and Agriculture; and
            ``(B) to the extent practicable, consult on the design and 
        scope of such Centers with grocers, farmers, health 
        professionals, researchers, incentive program managers, and 
        employees of the Department of Agriculture with direct 
        experience with implementation of existing incentive programs 
        or projects.
        ``(2) Establishment.--The Centers shall be capable of providing 
    services related to grants under subsections (b) and (c), 
    including--
            ``(A) offering incentive program training and technical 
        assistance to applicants and grantees to the extent 
        practicable, including--
                ``(i) collecting and providing information on best 
            practices that may include communications, signage, record-
            keeping, incentive instruments, development and integration 
            of point of sale systems, and reporting;
                ``(ii) disseminating information and assisting with 
            collaboration among grantee projects, applicable State 
            agencies, and nutrition education programs;
                ``(iii) facilitating communication between grantees and 
            the Department of Agriculture and applicable State 
            agencies; and
                ``(iv) providing support for the development of best 
            practices for produce prescription projects and the sharing 
            of information among eligible entities and healthcare 
            providers that participate in a produce prescription 
            project under subsection (c); and
                ``(v) other services identified by the Secretary; and
            ``(B) creating a system to collect and compile core data 
        sets from eligible entities that--
                ``(i) uses standard metrics with consideration of 
            outcome measures for existing projects;
                ``(ii) includes to the extent practicable grocers, 
            farmers, health professionals, researchers, incentive 
            program managers, and employees of the Department of 
            Agriculture with direct experience with implementation of 
            existing incentive programs in the design of the instrument 
            through which data will be collected and the mechanism for 
            reporting;
                ``(iii) compiles project data from grantees, and 
            beginning in fiscal year 2020 generates an annual report to 
            Congress on grant outcomes, including--

                    ``(I) the results of the project; and
                    ``(II) the amount of grant funds used for the 
                project; and

                ``(iv) creates and maintains a publicly accessible 
            online site that makes annual reports and incentive program 
            information available in an anonymized format that protects 
            confidential, personal, or other sensitive data.
        ``(3) Cooperative agreement.--
            ``(A) In general.--To carry out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary may, on a competitive basis, enter into 1 or more 
        cooperative agreements with 1 or more organizations with 
        expertise in developing outcome-based reporting, at least 1 of 
        which has expertise in the food insecurity nutrition incentive 
        program and at least 1 of which has expertise in produce 
        prescription projects.
            ``(B) Inclusion.--The organizations referred to in 
        subparagraph (A) may include--
                ``(i) nongovernmental organizations;
                ``(ii) State cooperative extension services;
                ``(iii) regional food system centers;
                ``(iv) Federal, State, or Tribal agencies;
                ``(v) institutions of higher education (as defined in 
            section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
            U.S.C. 1001(a))); or
                ``(vi) other appropriate entities as determined by the 
            Secretary.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents of the Food, 
Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 113-188) is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 4405 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 4405. The Gus Schumacher nutrition incentive program.''.
SEC. 4206. MICRO-GRANTS FOR FOOD SECURITY.
    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to increase the 
quantity and quality of locally grown food through small-scale 
gardening, herding, and livestock operations in food insecure 
communities in areas of the United States that have significant levels 
of food insecurity and import a significant quantity of food.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means an 
    entity that--
            (A) is--
                (i) an individual;
                (ii) an Indian tribe or tribal organization, as defined 
            in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education 
            Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304);
                (iii) a nonprofit organization engaged in increasing 
            food security, as determined by the Secretary, including--

                    (I) a religious organization;
                    (II) a food bank; or
                    (III) a food pantry;

                (iv) a federally funded educational facility, 
            including--

                    (I) a Head Start program or an Early Head Start 
                program carried out under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 
                9831 et seq.);
                    (II) a public elementary school or public secondary 
                school;
                    (III) a public institution of higher education (as 
                defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 
                1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001));
                    (IV) a Tribal College or University (as defined in 
                section 316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1059c(b))); or
                    (V) a job training program; or

                (v) a local or Tribal government that may not levy 
            local taxes under State or Federal law; and
            (B) is located in an eligible State.
        (2) Eligible state.--The term ``eligible State'' means--
            (A) the State of Alaska;
            (B) the State of Hawaii;
            (C) American Samoa;
            (D) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands;
            (E) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
            (F) the Federated States of Micronesia;
            (G) Guam;
            (H) the Republic of the Marshall Islands;
            (I) the Republic of Palau; and
            (J) the United States Virgin Islands.
    (c) Establishment.--The Secretary shall distribute funds to the 
agricultural department or agency of each eligible State for the 
competitive distribution of subgrants to eligible entities to increase 
the quantity and quality of locally grown food in food insecure 
communities, including through small-scale gardening, herding, and 
livestock operations.
    (d) Distribution of Funds.--
        (1) In general.--Of the amount made available under subsection 
    (g), the Secretary shall distribute--
            (A) 40 percent to the State of Alaska;
            (B) 40 percent to the State of Hawaii; and
            (C) 2.5 percent to each eligible State described in any of 
        subparagraphs (C) through (J) of subsection (b)(2).
        (2) Carryover of funds.--Funds distributed under paragraph (1) 
    shall remain available until expended.
        (3) Administrative funds.--An eligible State that receives 
    funds under paragraph (1) may use not more than 3 percent of those 
    funds--
            (A) to administer the competition for providing subgrants 
        to eligible entities in that eligible State;
            (B) to provide oversight of the subgrant recipients in that 
        eligible State; and
            (C) to collect data and submit a report to the Secretary 
        under subsection (f)(2).
    (e) Subgrants to Eligible Entities.--
        (1) Amount of subgrants.--
            (A) In general.--The amount of a subgrant to an eligible 
        entity under this section shall be--
                (i) in the case of an eligible entity that is an 
            individual, not greater than $5,000 per year; and
                (ii) in the case of an eligible entity described in any 
            of clauses (ii) through (v) of subsection (b)(1)(A), not 
            greater than $10,000 per year.
            (B) Matching requirement.--As a condition of receiving a 
        subgrant under this section, an eligible entity shall provide 
        funds equal to 10 percent of the amount received by the 
        eligible entity under the subgrant, to be derived from non-
        Federal sources. A State may waive the matching requirement for 
        an individual who otherwise meets the requirements to receive a 
        subgrant by the eligible State.
            (C) Project period.--Funds received by an eligible entity 
        that is awarded a subgrant under this section shall remain 
        available for expenditure not later than 3 years after the date 
        the funds are received.
        (2) Priority.--In carrying out the competitive distribution of 
    subgrants under subsection (c), an eligible State may give priority 
    to an eligible entity that--
            (A) has not previously received a subgrant under this 
        section; or
            (B) is located in a community or region in that eligible 
        State with the highest degree of food insecurity, as determined 
        by the agricultural department or agency of the eligible State.
        (3) Projects.--An eligible State may provide subgrants to 2 or 
    more eligible entities to carry out the same project.
        (4) Use of subgrant funds by eligible entities.--An eligible 
    entity that receives a subgrant under this section shall use the 
    funds to engage in activities that will increase the quantity and 
    quality of locally grown food for food insecure individuals, 
    families, neighborhoods, and communities, including by--
            (A) purchasing gardening tools or equipment, soil, soil 
        amendments, seeds, plants, animals, canning equipment, 
        refrigeration, or other items necessary to grow and store food;
            (B) purchasing or building composting units;
            (C) purchasing or building towers designed to grow leafy 
        green vegetables;
            (D) expanding an area under cultivation or engaging in 
        other activities necessary to be eligible to receive funding 
        under the environmental quality incentives program established 
        under chapter 4 of subtitle D of title XII of the Food Security 
        Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3839aa et seq.) for a high tunnel;
            (E) engaging in an activity that extends the growing 
        season;
            (F) starting or expanding hydroponic and aeroponic farming 
        of any scale;
            (G) building, buying, erecting, or repairing fencing for 
        livestock, poultry, or reindeer;
            (H) purchasing and equipping a slaughter and processing 
        facility approved by the Secretary;
            (I) traveling to participate in agricultural education 
        provided by--
                (i) a State cooperative extension service;
                (ii) a land-grant college or university (as defined in 
            section 1404 of the National Agricultural Research, 
            Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 (7 U.S.C. 
            3103));
                (iii) a Tribal College or University (as defined in 
            section 316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
            U.S.C. 1059c(b)));
                (iv) an Alaska Native-serving institution or a Native 
            Hawaiian-serving institution (as such terms are defined in 
            section 317(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
            U.S.C. 1059d(b))); or
                (v) a Federal or State agency;
            (J) paying for shipping of purchased items relating to 
        growing or raising food for local consumption or purchase;
            (K) creating or expanding avenues for--
                (i) the sale of food commodities, specialty crops, and 
            meats that are grown by the eligible entity for sale in the 
            local community; or
                (ii) increasing the availability of fresh, locally 
            grown, and nutritious food; and
            (L) engaging in other activities relating to increasing 
        food security (including subsistence), as determined by the 
        Secretary.
        (5) Eligibility for other financial assistance.--An eligible 
    entity shall not be ineligible to receive financial assistance 
    under another program administered by the Secretary as a result of 
    receiving a subgrant under this section.
    (f) Reporting Requirement.--
        (1) Subgrant recipients.--As a condition of receiving a 
    subgrant under this section, an eligible entity shall agree to 
    submit to the eligible State in which the eligible entity is 
    located a report--
            (A) not later than 60 days after the end of the project 
        funded by the subgrant; and
            (B) that describes the use of the subgrants by eligible 
        entities, the quantity of food grown through small-scale 
        gardening, herding, and livestock operations, and the number of 
        food insecure individuals fed as a result of the subgrant.
        (2) Report to the secretary.--Not later than 120 days after the 
    date on which an eligible State receives a report from each 
    eligible entity in that State under paragraph (1), the eligible 
    State shall submit to the Secretary a report that describes, in the 
    aggregate, the information and data contained in the reports 
    received from those eligible entities.
    (g) Funding.--
        (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
    appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $10,000,000 
    for fiscal year 2019 and each fiscal year thereafter, to remain 
    available until expended.
        (2) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds appropriated under 
    paragraph (1) in advance specifically to carry out this section 
    shall be available to carry out this section.
SEC. 4207. BUY AMERICAN REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Enforcement.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall--
        (1) enforce full compliance with the requirements of section 
    12(n) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 
    U.S.C. 1760(n)) for purchases of agricultural commodities, 
    including fish, meats, vegetables, and fruits, and the products 
    thereof, and
        (2) ensure that States and school food authorities fully 
    understand their responsibilities under such Act.
    (b) Requirement.--The products of the agricultural commodities 
described in subsection (a)(1) shall be processed in the United States 
and substantially contain--
        (1) meats, vegetables, fruits, and other agricultural 
    commodities produced in--
            (A) a State,
            (B) the District of Columbia,
            (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or
            (D) any territory or possession of the United States, or
        (2) fish harvested--
            (A) within the Exclusive Economic Zone of the United 
        States, as described in Presidential Proclamation 5030 (48 Fed. 
        Reg. 10605; March 10, 1983), or
            (B) by a United States flagged vessel.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
on the actions the Secretary has taken, and plans to take, to comply 
with this section.
SEC. 4208. HEALTHY FLUID MILK INCENTIVES PROJECTS.
    (a) Definition of Fluid Milk.--In this section the term ``fluid 
milk'' means all varieties of pasteurized cow's milk that--
        (1) is without flavoring or sweeteners,
        (2) is consistent with the most recent dietary recommendations,
        (3) is packaged in liquid form, and
        (4) contains vitamins A and D at levels consistent with the 
    Food and Drug Administration, State, and local standards for fluid 
    milk.
    (b) Projects.--The Secretary of Agriculture shall carry out, under 
such terms and conditions as the Secretary considers to be appropriate, 
healthy fluid milk incentive projects to develop and test methods to 
increase the purchase and consumption of fluid milk by members of 
households that receive supplemental nutrition assistance program 
benefits by providing an incentive for the purchase of fluid milk at 
the point of purchase to members of households purchasing food with 
supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits.
    (c) Grants or Cooperative Agreements.--
        (1) In general.--To carry out this section, the Secretary, on a 
    competitive basis, shall enter into cooperative agreements with, or 
    provide grants to, governmental entities or nonprofit organizations 
    for projects that meet the purpose and selection criteria specified 
    in this subsection.
        (2) Application.--To be eligible to enter into a cooperative 
    agreement or receive a grant under this subsection, a government 
    entity or nonprofit organization shall submit to the Secretary an 
    application containing such information as the Secretary may 
    require.
        (3) Selection criteria.--Projects proposed in applications 
    shall be evaluated against publicly disseminated criteria that 
    shall incorporate a scientifically based strategy that is designed 
    to improve diet quality and nutritional outcomes through the 
    increased purchase of fluid milk by members of households that 
    participate in the supplemental nutrition assistance program.
        (4) Use of funds.--Funds made available to carry out this 
    section shall not be used for any project that limits the use of 
    benefits provided under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008.
    (d) Evaluation and Reporting.--
        (1) Evaluation.--
            (A) Independent evaluation.--
                (i) In general.--The Secretary shall provide for an 
            independent evaluation of projects selected under this 
            section that measures, to the maximum extent practicable, 
            the impact on health and nutrition.
                (ii) Requirement.--The independent evaluation under 
            this subparagraph shall use rigorous methodologies, 
            particularly random assignment or other methods that are 
            capable of producing scientifically valid information 
            regarding which activities are effective.
            (B) Costs.--The Secretary may use funds not to exceed 7 
        percent of the funding provided to carry out this section to 
        pay costs associated with evaluating the outcomes of the 
        healthy fluid milk incentive projects.
        (2) Reporting.--Not later than December 31 of 2020, and 
    biennially thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
    on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
    Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report that 
    includes a description of--
            (A) the status of each healthy fluid milk incentives 
        project, and
            (B) the results of any completed evaluation that--
                (i) include, to the maximum extent practicable, the 
            impact of the healthy fluid milk incentive projects on 
            health and nutrition outcomes among households 
            participating in such projects, and
                (ii) have not been submitted in a previous report under 
            this paragraph.
        (3) Public dissemination.--In addition to the reporting 
    requirements under paragraph (2), evaluation results shall be 
    shared publicly to promote wide use of successful strategies.
    (e) Funding.--
        (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
    appropriated $20,000,000 to carry out and evaluate the outcomes of 
    projects under this section, to remain available until expended.
        (2) Appropriations in advance.--Only funds appropriated under 
    paragraph (1) in advance specifically to carry out this section 
    shall be available to carry out this section.

                            TITLE V--CREDIT
                    Subtitle A--Farm Ownership Loans

SEC. 5101. MODIFICATION OF THE 3-YEAR EXPERIENCE ELIGIBILITY 
REQUIREMENT FOR FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.
    Section 302(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1922(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Waiver authority.--In the case of a qualified beginning 
    farmer or rancher, the Secretary may--
            ``(A) reduce the 3-year requirement in paragraph (1) to 1 
        or 2 years, if the farmer or rancher has--
                ``(i) not less than 16 credit hours of post-secondary 
            education in a field related to agriculture;
                ``(ii) successfully completed a farm management 
            curriculum offered by a cooperative extension service, a 
            community college, an adult vocational agriculture program, 
            a nonprofit organization, or a land-grant college or 
            university;
                ``(iii) at least 1 year of experience as hired farm 
            labor with substantial management responsibilities;
                ``(iv) successfully completed a farm mentorship, 
            apprenticeship, or internship program with an emphasis on 
            management requirements and day-to-day farm management 
            decisions;
                ``(v) significant business management experience;
                ``(vi) been honorably discharged from the armed forces 
            of the United States;
                ``(vii) successfully repaid a youth loan made under 
            section 311(b); or
                ``(viii) an established relationship with an individual 
            who has experience in farming or ranching, or is a retired 
            farmer or rancher, and is participating as a counselor in a 
            Service Corps of Retired Executives program authorized 
            under section 8(b)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 
            U.S.C. 637(b)(1)(B)), or with a local farm or ranch 
            operator or organization, approved by the Secretary, that 
            is committed to mentoring the farmer or rancher; or
            ``(B) waive the 3-year requirement in paragraph (1) if the 
        farmer or rancher meets the requirements of clauses (iii) and 
        (viii) of subparagraph (A).''.
SEC. 5102. CONSERVATION LOAN AND LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAM.
    Section 304(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1924(h)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 5103. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF FARM OWNERSHIP LOANS.
    Section 305 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1925) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
            (A) by striking ``$300,000'' and inserting ``$600,000'';
            (B) by striking ``$700,000'' and inserting ``$1,750,000''; 
        and
            (C) by striking ``2000'' and inserting ``2019''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``August'' and inserting 
        ``July''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``ending on August 31, 
        1996'' and inserting ``that immediately precedes the 12-month 
        period described in paragraph (1)''.
SEC. 5104. RELENDING PROGRAM TO RESOLVE OWNERSHIP AND SUCCESSION ON 
FARMLAND.
    Subtitle A of title III of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
``SEC. 310I. RELENDING PROGRAM TO RESOLVE OWNERSHIP AND SUCCESSION ON 
FARMLAND.
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make loans to eligible 
entities described in subsection (b) so that the eligible entities may 
relend the funds to individuals and entities for the purposes described 
in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Eligible Entities.--Entities eligible for loans described in 
subsection (a) are cooperatives, credit unions, and nonprofit 
organizations with--
        ``(1) certification under section 1805.201 of title 12, Code of 
    Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), to operate as a 
    lender;
        ``(2) experience assisting socially disadvantaged farmers and 
    ranchers (as defined in subsection (a) of section 2501 of the Food, 
    Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 2279)) 
    or limited resource or new and beginning farmers and ranchers, 
    rural businesses, cooperatives, or credit unions, including 
    experience in making and servicing agricultural and commercial 
    loans; and
        ``(3) the ability to provide adequate assurance of the 
    repayment of a loan.
    ``(c) Eligible Purposes.--The proceeds from loans made by the 
Secretary pursuant to subsection (a) shall be re-lent by eligible 
entities for projects that assist heirs with undivided ownership 
interests to resolve ownership and succession on farmland that has 
multiple owners.
    ``(d) Preference.--In making loans under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities--
        ``(1) with not less than 10 years of experience serving 
    socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers; and
        ``(2) in States that have adopted a statute consisting of an 
    enactment or adoption of the Uniform Partition of Heirs Property 
    Act, as approved and recommended for enactment in all States by the 
    National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws in 2010, 
    that relend to owners of heirs property (as defined in that Act).
    ``(e) Loan Terms and Conditions.--The following terms and 
conditions shall apply to loans made under this section:
        ``(1) The interest rate at which intermediaries may borrow 
    funds under this section shall be determined by the Secretary.
        ``(2) The rates, terms, and payment structure for borrowers to 
    which intermediaries lend shall be--
            ``(A) determined by the intermediary in an amount 
        sufficient to cover the cost of operating and sustaining the 
        revolving loan fund; and
            ``(B) clearly and publicly disclosed to qualified ultimate 
        borrowers.
        ``(3) Borrowers to which intermediaries lend shall be--
            ``(A) required to complete a succession plan as a condition 
        of the loan; and
            ``(B) be offered the opportunity to borrow sufficient funds 
        to cover costs associated with the succession plan under 
        subparagraph (A) and other associated legal and closing costs.
    ``(f) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this section, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate a report describing 
the operation and outcomes of the program under this section, with 
recommendations on how to strengthen the program.
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.

                      Subtitle B--Operating Loans

SEC. 5201. LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF OPERATING LOANS.
    Section 313 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1943) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) by striking ``$300,000'' and inserting ``$400,000'';
            (B) by striking ``$700,000'' and inserting ``$1,750,000''; 
        and
            (C) by striking ``2000'' and inserting ``2019''; and
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``August'' and inserting 
        ``July''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``ending on August 31, 
        1996'' and inserting ``that immediately precedes the 12-month 
        period described in paragraph (1)''.
SEC. 5202. MICROLOANS.
    Section 313(c)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1943(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``title'' and 
inserting ``subsection''.
SEC. 5203. COOPERATIVE LENDING PILOT PROJECTS.
    Section 313(c)(4)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1943(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2023''.

                 Subtitle C--Administrative Provisions

SEC. 5301. BEGINNING FARMER AND RANCHER INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNTS 
PILOT PROGRAM.
    Section 333B(h) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1983b(h)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 5302. LOAN AUTHORIZATION LEVELS.
    Section 346(b)(1) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(1)) is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
    ``$4,226,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and 
    inserting ``$10,000,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
    2023''; and
        (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
    following:
            ``(A) $3,000,000,000 shall be for direct loans, of which--
                ``(i) $1,500,000,000 shall be for farm ownership loans 
            under subtitle A; and
                ``(ii) $1,500,000,000 shall be for operating loans 
            under subtitle B; and
            ``(B) $7,000,000,000 shall be for guaranteed loans, of 
        which--
                ``(i) $3,500,000,000 shall be for farm ownership loans 
            under subtitle A; and
                ``(ii) $3,500,000,000 shall be for operating loans 
            under subtitle B.''.
SEC. 5303. LOAN FUND SET-ASIDES.
    Section 346(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2)(A)(ii)(III)) is amended by 
striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 5304. USE OF ADDITIONAL FUNDS FOR DIRECT OPERATING MICROLOANS 
UNDER CERTAIN CONDITIONS.
    Section 346(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1994(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(5) Use of additional funds for direct operating microloans 
    under certain conditions.--
            ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary determines that the 
        amount needed for a fiscal year for direct operating loans 
        (including microloans) under subtitle B is greater than the 
        aggregate principal amount authorized for that fiscal year by 
        this Act, an appropriations Act, or any other provision of law, 
        the Secretary shall make additional microloans under subtitle B 
        using amounts made available under subparagraph (C).
            ``(B) Notice.--Not later than 15 days before the date on 
        which the Secretary uses the authority under subparagraph (A), 
        the Secretary shall submit a notice of the use of that 
        authority to--
                ``(i) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
            Representatives;
                ``(ii) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
                ``(iii) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
            Representatives; and
                ``(iv) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
            Forestry of the Senate.
            ``(C) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this paragraph $5,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.''.
SEC. 5305. EQUITABLE RELIEF.
    The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended by 
inserting after section 365 (7 U.S.C. 2008) the following:
    ``SEC. 366. EQUITABLE RELIEF.
    ``(a) In General.--Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary may 
provide a form of relief described in subsection (c) to any farmer or 
rancher who--
        ``(1) received a direct farm ownership, operating, or emergency 
    loan under this title; and
        ``(2) the Secretary determines is not in compliance with the 
    requirements of this title with respect to the loan.
    ``(b) Limitation.--The Secretary may only provide relief to a 
farmer or rancher under subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that 
the farmer or rancher--
        ``(1) acted in good faith; and
        ``(2) relied on an action of, or the advice of, the Secretary 
    (including any authorized representative of the Secretary) to the 
    detriment of the farming or ranching operation of the farmer or 
    rancher.
    ``(c) Forms of Relief.--The Secretary may provide to a farmer or 
rancher under subsection (a) any of the following forms of relief:
        ``(1) The farmer or rancher may retain loans or other benefits 
    received in association with the loan with respect to which the 
    farmer or rancher was determined to be noncompliant under 
    subsection (a)(2).
        ``(2) The farmer or rancher may receive such other equitable 
    relief as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
    ``(d) Condition.--As a condition of receiving relief under this 
section, the Secretary may require the farmer or rancher to take 
actions designed to remedy the noncompliance.
    ``(e) Administrative Appeal; Judicial Review.--A determination or 
action of the Secretary under this section--
        ``(1) shall be final; and
        ``(2) shall not be subject to administrative appeal or judicial 
    review under chapter 7 of title 5, United States Code.''.
SEC. 5306. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS; QUALIFIED 
BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.
    The Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act is amended by 
inserting after section 366 (as added by section 5305) the following:
    ``SEC. 367. SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED FARMERS AND RANCHERS; QUALIFIED 
      BEGINNING FARMERS AND RANCHERS.
    ``In the case of a loan guaranteed by the Secretary under subtitle 
A or B to a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as defined in 
section 355(e)) or a qualified beginning farmer or rancher, the 
Secretary may provide for a standard guarantee plan, which shall cover 
an amount equal to 95 percent of the outstanding principal of the 
loan.''.
SEC. 5307. EMERGENCY LOAN ELIGIBILITY.
    Section 373(b)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 2008h(b)(2)(B)) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subclauses (I) and 
    (II), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
        (2) in the matter preceding subclause (I) (as so redesignated), 
    by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the following:
                ``(i) In general.--The Secretary''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(ii) Restructured loans.--For purposes of clause (i), 
            a borrower who was restructured with a write-down or 
            restructuring under section 353 shall not be considered to 
            have received debt forgiveness on a loan made or guaranteed 
            under this title.''.

                       Subtitle D--Miscellaneous

SEC. 5401. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO THE CONSOLIDATED FARM AND RURAL 
DEVELOPMENT ACT.
    (a)(1) Section 321(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1961(a)) is amended in the second sentence by 
striking ``and limited liability companies'' and inserting ``limited 
liability companies, and such other legal entities''.
    (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 5201(2)(C) of the Agricultural Act 
of 2014 (Public Law 113-79) in lieu of the amendment made by such 
section.
    (b)(1) Section 331D(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1981d(e)) is amended by inserting after 
``within 60 days after receipt of the notice required in this section'' 
the following: ``or, in extraordinary circumstances as determined by 
the applicable State director, after the 60-day period''.
    (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 10 of the Agricultural Credit 
Improvement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-554).
    (c)(1) Section 333A(f)(1)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1983a(f)(1)(A)) is amended by striking 
``114'' and inserting ``339''.
    (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as if 
included in the enactment of section 14 of the Agricultural Credit 
Improvement Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-554).
    (d) Section 339(d)(3) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C.1989(d)(3)) is amended by striking ``preferred 
certified lender'' and inserting ``Preferred Certified Lender''.
    (e)(1) Section 343(a)(11)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(11)(C)) is amended by striking ``or 
joint operators'' and inserting ``joint operator, or owners''.
    (2) The amendment made by this subsection shall take effect as of 
the effective date of section 5303(a)(2) of the Agricultural Act of 
2014 (Public Law 113-79).
    (f)(1) Section 343(b) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(b)) is amended by striking ``307(e)'' 
and inserting ``307(d)''.
    (2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as of the 
date of enactment of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (Public Law 113-79).
    (g) Section 346(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C.1994(a)) is amended by striking the last comma.
SEC. 5402. STATE AGRICULTURAL MEDIATION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Issues Covered by State Mediation Programs.--Section 501(c) of 
the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5101(c)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (B)--
                (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
            ``under the jurisdiction of the Department of 
            Agriculture'';
                (ii) in clause (ii), by inserting ``and the national 
            organic program established under the Organic Foods 
            Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.)'' before the 
            period at the end; and
                (iii) by striking clause (vii) and inserting the 
            following:
                ``(vii) Lease issues, including land leases and 
            equipment leases.
                ``(viii) Family farm transition.
                ``(ix) Farmer-neighbor disputes.
                ``(x) Such other issues as the Secretary or the head of 
            the department of agriculture of each participating State 
            considers appropriate for better serving the agricultural 
            community and persons eligible for mediation.''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(C) Mediation services.--Funding provided for the 
        mediation program of a qualifying State may also be used to 
        provide credit counseling to persons described in paragraph 
        (2)--
                ``(i) prior to the initiation of any mediation 
            involving the Department of Agriculture; or
                ``(ii) unrelated to any ongoing dispute or mediation in 
            which the Department of Agriculture is a party.'';
        (2) in paragraph (2)(A)--
            (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iv) any other persons involved in an issue for which 
            mediation services are provided by a mediation program 
            described in paragraph (1)(B).''; and
        (3) in paragraph (3)(F), by striking ``that persons'' and 
    inserting the following: ``that--
                ``(i) the Department of Agriculture receives adequate 
            notification of those issues; and
                ``(ii) persons''.
    (b) Report Required.--Section 505 of the Agricultural Credit Act of 
1987 (7 U.S.C. 5105) is amended to read as follows:
    ``SEC. 505. REPORT.
    ``Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the 
Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report describing--
        ``(1) the effectiveness of the State mediation programs 
    receiving matching grants under this subtitle;
        ``(2) recommendations for improving the delivery of mediation 
    services to producers;
        ``(3) the steps being taken to ensure that State mediation 
    programs receive timely funding under this subtitle; and
        ``(4) the savings to the States as a result of having a 
    mediation program.''.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 506 of the 
Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (7 U.S.C. 5106) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 5403. COMPENSATION OF BANK DIRECTORS.
    Section 4.21 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2209) is 
repealed.
SEC. 5404. SHARING OF PRIVILEGED AND CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.
    Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2254) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Sharing of Privileged and Confidential Information.--A System 
institution shall not be considered to have waived the confidentiality 
of a privileged communication with an attorney or an accountant if the 
System institution provides the content of the communication to the 
Farm Credit Administration pursuant to the supervisory or regulatory 
authorities of the Farm Credit Administration.''.
SEC. 5405. FACILITY HEADQUARTERS.
    Section 5.16 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2251) is 
amended by striking all that precedes ``to the rental of quarters'' and 
inserting the following:
``SEC. 5.16. QUARTERS AND FACILITIES FOR THE FARM CREDIT 
ADMINISTRATION.
    ``(a) The Farm Credit Administration shall maintain its principal 
office within the Washington D.C.-Maryland-Virginia standard 
metropolitan statistical area, and such other offices within the United 
States as in its judgment are necessary.
    ``(b) As an alternate''.
SEC. 5406. REMOVAL AND PROHIBITION AUTHORITY; INDUSTRY-WIDE 
PROHIBITION.
    Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended by 
inserting after section 5.29 (12 U.S.C. 2265) the following:
``SEC. 5.29A. REMOVAL AND PROHIBITION AUTHORITY; INDUSTRY-WIDE 
PROHIBITION.
    ``(a) Definition of Person.--In this section, the term `person' 
means--
        ``(1) an individual; and
        ``(2) in the case of a specific determination by the Farm 
    Credit Administration, a legal entity.
    ``(b) Industry-wide Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection 
(c), any person who, pursuant to an order issued under section 5.28 or 
5.29, has been removed or suspended from office at a System institution 
or prohibited from participating in the conduct of the affairs of a 
System institution shall not, during the period of effectiveness of the 
order, continue or commence to hold any office in, or participate in 
any manner in the conduct of the affairs of--
        ``(1) any insured depository institution subject to section 
    8(e)(7)(A)(i) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 
    1818(e)(7)(A)(i));
        ``(2) any institution subject to section 8(e)(7)(A)(ii) of the 
    Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(A)(ii));
        ``(3) any insured credit union under the Federal Credit Union 
    Act (12 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);
        ``(4) any Federal home loan bank;
        ``(5) any institution chartered under this Act;
        ``(6) any appropriate Federal financial institutions regulatory 
    agency (as defined in section 8(e)(7)(D) of the Federal Deposit 
    Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(D)));
        ``(7) the Federal Housing Finance Agency; or
        ``(8) the Farm Credit Administration.
    ``(c) Exception for Institution-affiliated Party That Receives 
Written Consent.--
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) Affiliated parties.--If, on or after the date on 
        which an order described in subsection (b) is issued that 
        removes or suspends an institution-affiliated party from office 
        at a System institution or prohibits an institution-affiliated 
        party from participating in the conduct of the affairs of a 
        System institution, that party receives written consent 
        described in subparagraph (B), subsection (b) shall not apply 
        to that party--
                ``(i) to the extent provided in the written consent 
            received; and
                ``(ii) with respect to the institution described in 
            each written consent.
            ``(B) Written consent described.--The written consent 
        referred to in subparagraph (A) is written consent received 
        from--
                ``(i) the Farm Credit Administration; and
                ``(ii) each appropriate Federal financial institutions 
            regulatory agency (as defined in section 8(e)(7)(D) of the 
            Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1818(e)(7)(D))) of 
            the applicable institution described in any of paragraphs 
            (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subsection (b) with respect to 
            which the party proposes to be become an affiliated party.
        ``(2) Disclosure.--Any agency described in clause (i) or (ii) 
    of paragraph (1)(B) that provides a written consent under that 
    paragraph shall--
            ``(A) report the action to the Farm Credit Administration; 
        and
            ``(B) publicly disclose the action.
        ``(3) Consultation between agencies.--The agencies described in 
    clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (1)(B) shall consult with each 
    other before providing any written consent under that paragraph.
    ``(d) Violations.--A violation of subsection (b) by any person who 
is subject to an order described in that subsection shall be treated as 
violation of that order.''.
SEC. 5407. JURISDICTION OVER INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTIES.
    Part C of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended by 
inserting after section 5.31 (12 U.S.C. 2267) the following:
``SEC. 5.31A. JURISDICTION OVER INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTIES.
    ``(a) In General.--For purposes of sections 5.25, 5.26, and 5.32, 
the jurisdiction of the Farm Credit Administration over parties, and 
the authority of the Farm Credit Administration to initiate actions, 
shall include enforcement authority over institution-affiliated 
parties.
    ``(b) Effect of Separation on Jurisdiction and Authority.--Subject 
to subsection (c), the resignation, termination of employment or 
participation, or separation of an institution-affiliated party 
(including a separation caused by the merger, consolidation, 
conservatorship, or receivership of a Farm Credit System institution) 
shall not affect the jurisdiction and authority of the Farm Credit 
Administration to issue any notice or order and proceed under this part 
against that party.
    ``(c) Limitation.--To proceed against a party under subsection (b), 
the notice or order described in that subsection shall be served not 
later than 6 years after the date on which the party ceased to be an 
institution-affiliated party with respect to the applicable Farm Credit 
System institution.
    ``(d) Applicability.--The date on which a party ceases to be an 
institution-affiliated party described in subsection (c) may occur 
before, on, or after the date of enactment of this section.''.
SEC. 5408. DEFINITION OF INSTITUTION-AFFILIATED PARTY.
    Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2271) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
        ``(4) the term `institution-affiliated party' means--
            ``(A) a director, officer, employee, shareholder, or agent 
        of a System institution;
            ``(B) an independent contractor (including an attorney, 
        appraiser, or accountant) who knowingly or recklessly 
        participates in--
                ``(i) a violation of law (including regulations) that 
            is associated with the operations and activities of 1 or 
            more System institutions;
                ``(ii) a breach of fiduciary duty; or
                ``(iii) an unsafe practice that causes or is likely to 
            cause more than a minimum financial loss to, or a 
            significant adverse effect on, a System institution; and
            ``(C) any other person, as determined by the Farm Credit 
        Administration (by regulation or on a case-by-case basis) who 
        participates in the conduct of the affairs of a System 
        institution; and''.
SEC. 5409. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS.
    Section 5.65 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2277a-14) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Prohibition on Uses of Funds Related to Federal Agricultural 
Mortgage Corporation.--No funds from administrative accounts or from 
the Farm Credit System Insurance Fund may be used by the Corporation to 
provide assistance to the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation or 
to support any activities related to the Federal Agricultural Mortgage 
Corporation.''.
SEC. 5410. EXPANSION OF ACREAGE EXCEPTION TO LOAN AMOUNT LIMITATION.
    (a) In General.--Section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
(12 U.S.C. 2279aa-8(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``1,000'' and 
inserting ``2,000''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 1 year after the date a report submitted in accordance with 
section 5414 of this Act indicates that it is feasible to increase the 
acreage limitation in section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 
to 2,000 acres.
SEC. 5411. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE PROVISIONS; TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
        (1) Section 1.1(c) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2001(c)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``including 
    any costs of defeasance under section 4.8(b),''.
        (2) Section 1.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2002) 
    is amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Composition.--The Farm Credit System shall include the Farm 
Credit Banks, the bank for cooperatives, Agricultural Credit Banks, the 
Federal Land Bank Associations, the Federal Land Credit Associations, 
the Production Credit Associations, the agricultural credit 
associations, the Federal Farm Credit Banks Funding Corporation, the 
Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation, service corporations 
established pursuant to section 4.25, and such other institutions as 
may be made a part of the Farm Credit System, all of which shall be 
chartered by and subject to regulation by the Farm Credit 
Administration.''.
        (3) Section 2.4 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2075) 
    is amended by striking subsection (d).
        (4) Section 3.0(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2121(a)) is amended--
            (A) in the third sentence, by striking ``and a Central Bank 
        for Cooperatives''; and
            (B) by striking the fifth sentence.
        (5) Section 3.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2123) 
    is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``not merged into the 
            United Bank for Cooperatives or the National Bank for 
            Cooperatives''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (2)(A), in the matter preceding 
            clause (i), by striking ``(other than the National Bank for 
            Cooperatives)'';
            (B) by striking subsection (b);
            (C) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by striking ``(a)(1) Each bank'' and inserting the 
            following:
    ``(a) In General.--Each bank''; and
                (ii) by striking ``(2)(A) If approved'' and inserting 
            the following:
    ``(b) Nomination and Election.--
        ``(1) In general.--If approved'';
            (D) in subsection (b)(1) (as so designated)--
                (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(B) The total'' 
            and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Number of votes.--The total''; and
                (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as 
            subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, and indenting 
            appropriately; and
            (E) in paragraph (2) (as so designated), by striking 
        ``paragraph'' and inserting ``subsection''.
        (6) Section 3.5 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2126) 
    is amended in the third sentence by striking ``district''.
        (7) Section 3.7(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2128(a)) is amended by striking the second sentence.
        (8) Section 3.8(b)(1)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
    U.S.C. 2129(b)(1)(A)) is amended by inserting ``(or any successor 
    agency)'' after ``Rural Electrification Administration''.
        (9) Section 3.9(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2130(a)) is amended by striking the third sentence.
        (10) Section 3.10 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2131) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (c), by striking the second sentence; and
            (B) in subsection (d)--
                (i) by striking ``district'' each place it appears; and
                (ii) by inserting ``for cooperatives (or any successor 
            bank)'' before ``on account''.
        (11) Section 3.11 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2132) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by striking 
        ``subsections (b) and (c) of this section'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (b)'';
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``district''; 
            and
                (ii) in the second sentence, by striking ``Except as 
            provided in subsection (c) below, all'' and inserting 
            ``All'';
            (C) by striking subsection (c); and
            (D) by redesignating subsections (d) through (f) as 
        subsections (c) through (e), respectively.
        (12) Part B of title III of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
    U.S.C. 2141 et seq.) is amended in the part heading by striking 
    ``United and''.
        (13) Section 3.20 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2141) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``or the United Bank for 
        Cooperatives, as the case may be''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the district banks for 
        cooperatives and the Central Bank for Cooperatives'' and 
        inserting ``the constituent banks described in section 413(b) 
        of the Agricultural Credit Act of 1987 (12 U.S.C. 2121 note; 
        Public Law 100-233)''.
        (14) Section 3.21 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2142) is repealed.
        (15) Section 3.28 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2149) is amended by striking ``a district bank for cooperatives and 
    the Central Bank for Cooperatives'' and inserting ``the constituent 
    banks described in section 413(b) of the Agricultural Credit Act of 
    1987 (12 U.S.C. 2121 note; Public Law 100-233)''.
        (16) Section 3.29 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2149a) is repealed.
        (17) Section 4.0 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2151) is repealed.
        (18) Section 4.8 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2159) is amended--
            (A) by striking the section designation and heading and all 
        that follows through ``Each bank'' in subsection (a) and 
        inserting the following:
    ``SEC. 4.8. PURCHASE AND SALE OF OBLIGATIONS.
    ``Each bank''; and
            (B) by striking subsection (b).
        (19) Section 4.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2160) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (d)--
                (i) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
            following:
        ``(3) Representation of board.--The Farm Credit System 
    Insurance Corporation shall not have representation on the board of 
    directors of the Corporation.'';
                (ii) in the undesignated matter following paragraph 
            (1)(D), by striking ``In selecting'' and inserting the 
            following:
        ``(2) Considerations.--In selecting''; and
                (iii) in paragraph (2) (as so designated), by inserting 
            ``of paragraph (1)'' after ``(A) and (B)'';
            (B) by striking subsection (e); and
            (C) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
        (20) Section 4.9A(c) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2162(c)) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``institution, and--'' in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1) and all that follows through the period 
        at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting ``institution.'';
            (B) by striking ``If an institution'' and inserting the 
        following:
        ``(1) In general.--If an institution'';
            (C) in paragraph (1) (as so designated), by striking ``the 
        receiver of the institution'' and inserting ``the Farm Credit 
        System Insurance Corporation, acting as receiver,''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(2) Funding.--The Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation 
    shall use such funds from the Farm Credit Insurance Fund as are 
    sufficient to carry out this section.''.
        (21) Section 4.12A(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2184(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
    following:
        ``(1) In general.--A Farm Credit System bank or association 
    shall provide to a stockholder of the bank or association a current 
    list of stockholders of the bank or association not later than 7 
    calendar days after the date on which the bank or association 
    receives a written request for the stockholder list from the 
    stockholder.''.
        (22) Section 4.14A of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2202a) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
            ``and section 4.36'' before the colon at the end; and
                (ii) in paragraph (5)(B)(ii)(I), by striking 
            ``4.14C,'';
            (B) by striking subsection (h);
            (C) by redesignating subsections (i) through (l) as 
        subsections (h) through (k), respectively; and
            (D) in subsection (k) (as so redesignated), by striking 
        ``production credit''.
        (23) Section 4.14C of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2202c) is repealed.
        (24) Section 4.17 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2205) is amended in the third sentence by striking ``Federal 
    intermediate credit banks and''.
        (25) Section 4.19(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2207(a)) is amended--
            (A) in the first sentence--
                (i) by striking ``district''; and
                (ii) by striking ``Federal land bank association and 
            production credit''; and
            (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``units'' and 
        inserting ``institutions''.
        (26) Section 4.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2219c) is amended by striking ``The Assistance Board established 
    under section 6.0 and all'' and inserting ``All''.
        (27) Section 4.39 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2219d) is amended by striking ``8.0(7))'' and inserting ``8.0)''.
        (28) Section 5.16 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2251) is amended in the undesignated matter following paragraph (5) 
    of subsection (b) (as designated by section 5405)--
            (A) in the fifth sentence, by striking ``In actions 
        undertaken by the banks pursuant to the foregoing provisions of 
        this section'' and inserting the following:
        ``(5) Agent for banks.--In actions undertaken by the banks 
    pursuant to this section'';
            (B) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The plans'' and 
        inserting the following:
        ``(4) Approval of board.--The plans'';
            (C) in the third sentence, by striking ``The powers'' and 
        inserting the following:
        ``(3) Powers of banks.--The powers'';
            (D) in the second sentence, by striking ``Such advances'' 
        and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Advances.--The advances of funds described in paragraph 
    (1)''; and
            (E) in the first sentence, by striking ``The Board'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(c) Financing.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Board''.
        (29) Section 5.17(a)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
    U.S.C. 2252(a)(2)) is amended by striking the second and third 
    sentences.
        (30) Section 5.18 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2253) is repealed.
        (31) Section 5.19 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2254) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``Except for 
            Federal land bank associations, each'' and inserting 
            ``Each''; and
                (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
            (B) in subsection (b)--
                (i) by striking ``(b)(1) Each'' and inserting ``(b) 
            Each'';
                (ii) in the matter preceding paragraph (2) (as so 
            designated)--

                    (I) in the second sentence, by striking ``, except 
                with respect to any actions taken by any banks of the 
                System under section 4.8(b),''; and
                    (II) by striking the third sentence; and

                (iii) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3).
        (32) Section 5.31 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2267) is amended in the second sentence by striking ``4.14A(i)'' 
    and inserting ``4.14A(h)''.
        (33) Section 5.32(h) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2268(h)) is amended by striking ``4.14A(i)'' and inserting 
    ``4.14A(h)''.
        (34) Section 5.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2271) is amended in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by section 
    5408(2))--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by adding ``and'' at the end;
            (B) by striking subparagraph (B);
            (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B); 
        and
            (D) in subparagraph (B) (as so redesignated)--
                (i) by striking ``after December 31, 1992,''; and
                (ii) by striking ``by the Farm Credit System Assistance 
            Board under section 6.6 or''.
        (35) Section 5.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2274) is amended by striking ``a farm'' and all that follows 
    through ``land bank'' and inserting ``a Farm Credit Bank board, 
    officer, or employee shall not remove any director or officer of 
    any''.
        (36) Section 5.44 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2275) is repealed.
        (37) Section 5.58(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2277a-7(2)) is amended by striking the second sentence.
        (38) Section 5.60 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2277a-9) is amended--
            (A) in subsection (b), by striking the subsection 
        designation and heading and all that follows through ``The 
        Corporation'' in paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Amounts in Fund.--The Corporation''; and
            (B) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``Insurance Fund to--
        '' in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and all that 
        follows through ``ensure'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting 
        ``Insurance Fund to ensure''.
        (39) Title VI of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 2278a 
    et seq.) is repealed.
        (40) Section 7.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279c-2) is amended by striking subsection (c).
        (41) Section 7.10(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279d(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
    following:
        ``(4) the institution pays to the Farm Credit Insurance Fund 
    the amount by which the total capital of the institution exceeds 6 
    percent of the assets;''.
        (42) Section 8.0 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279aa) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``means--'' in the matter 
        preceding subparagraph (A) and all that follows through the 
        period at the end of the undesignated matter following 
        subparagraph (B) and inserting ``means the board of directors 
        established under section 8.2.'';
            (B) by striking paragraphs (6) and (8);
            (C) by redesignating paragraphs (7), (9), and (10) as 
        paragraphs (6), (7), and (8), respectively; and
            (D) in subparagraph (B)(i) of paragraph (7) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``(b) through (d)'' and inserting 
        ``(b) and (c)''.
        (43) Section 8.2 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279aa-2) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (a);
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking the subsection 
        designation and heading and all that follows through the period 
        at the end of paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--
        ``(1) Establishment.--The Corporation shall be under the 
    management of the board of directors.'';
            (C) in subsection (a) (as so designated)--
                (i) by striking ``permanent board'' each place it 
            appears and inserting ``Board'';
                (ii) by striking paragraph (3);
                (iii) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (10) as 
            paragraphs (3) through (9), respectively; and
                (iv) in paragraph (3)(A) (as so redesignated), by 
            striking ``(6)'' and inserting ``(5)''; and
            (D) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
        (44) Section 8.4(a)(1) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
    U.S.C. 2279aa-4(a)(1)) is amended--
            (A) in the sixth sentence--
                (i) by striking ``Class B'' and inserting the 
            following:
                ``(iii) Class b stock.--Class B''; and
                (ii) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(B)'' and inserting 
            ``8.2(a)(2)(B)'';
            (B) in the fifth sentence--
                (i) by striking ``Class A'' and inserting the 
            following:
                ``(ii) Class a stock.--Class A''; and
                (ii) by striking ``8.2(b)(2)(A)'' and inserting 
            ``8.2(a)(2)(A)'';
            (C) in the fourth sentence, by striking ``The stock'' and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(D) Classes of stock.--
                ``(i) In general.--The stock'';
            (D) by striking the third sentence and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(C) Offers.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Board shall offer the voting 
            common stock to banks, other financial institutions, 
            insurance companies, and System institutions under such 
            terms and conditions as the Board may adopt.
                ``(ii) Requirements.--The voting common stock shall be 
            fairly and broadly offered to ensure that--

                    ``(I) no institution or institutions acquire a 
                disproportionate share of the total quantity of the 
                voting common stock outstanding of a class of stock; 
                and
                    ``(II) capital contributions and issuances of 
                voting common stock for the contributions are fairly 
                distributed between entities eligible to hold class A 
                stock and class B stock.'';

            (E) in the second sentence, by striking ``Each share'' and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(B) Number of votes.--Each share''; and
            (F) in the first sentence, by striking ``The Corporation'' 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation''.
        (45) Section 8.6 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279aa-6) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (d);
            (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d); and
            (C) in paragraph (2) of subsection (d) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``8.0(9))'' and inserting ``8.0)''.
        (46) Section 8.9 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279aa-9) is amended by striking ``4.14C,'' each place it appears.
        (47) Section 8.11(e) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279aa-11(e)) is amended by striking ``8.0(7))'' and inserting 
    ``8.0)''.
        (48) Section 8.32(a) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279bb-1(a)) is amended--
            (A) in the first sentence of the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``Not sooner than the expiration of the 3-year 
        period beginning on the date of enactment of the Farm Credit 
        System Reform Act of 1996, the'' and inserting ``The''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``8.0(9)(C)'' and 
        inserting ``8.0(7)(C)''.
        (49) Section 8.33(b)(2)(A) of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 
    U.S.C. 2279bb-2(b)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``8.6(e)'' and 
    inserting ``8.6(d)''.
        (50) Section 8.35 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279bb-4) is amended by striking subsection (e).
        (51) Section 8.38 of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 (12 U.S.C. 
    2279bb-7) is repealed.
        (52) Section 4 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
    1141b) is repealed.
        (53) Section 5 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
    1141c) is repealed.
        (54) Section 6 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
    1141d) is repealed.
        (55) Section 7 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
    1141e) is repealed.
        (56) Section 8 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
    1141f) is repealed.
        (57) Section 14 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 
    1141i) is repealed.
        (58) The Act of June 22, 1939 (53 Stat. 853, chapter 239; 12 
    U.S.C. 1141d-1), is repealed.
        (59) Section 201(e) of the Emergency Relief and Construction 
    Act of 1932 (12 U.S.C. 1148) is repealed.
        (60) Section 2 of the Act of July 14, 1953 (67 Stat. 150, 
    chapter 192; 12 U.S.C. 1148a-4), is repealed.
        (61) Section 32 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
    1148b) is repealed.
        (62) Section 33 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
    1148c) is repealed.
        (63) Section 34 of the Farm Credit Act of 1937 (12 U.S.C. 
    1148d) is repealed.
        (64) The Joint Resolution of March 3, 1932 (47 Stat. 60, 
    chapter 70; 12 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.), is repealed.
SEC. 5412. CORPORATION AS CONSERVATOR OR RECEIVER; CERTAIN OTHER 
POWERS.
    Part E of title V of the Farm Credit Act of 1971 is amended by 
inserting after section 5.61B (12 U.S.C. 2277a-10b) the following:
``SEC. 5.61C. CORPORATION AS CONSERVATOR OR RECEIVER; CERTAIN OTHER 
POWERS.
    ``(a) Definition of Institution.--In this section, the term 
`institution' includes any System institution for which the Corporation 
has been appointed as conservator or receiver.
    ``(b) Certain Powers and Duties of Corporation as Conservator or 
Receiver.--In addition to the powers inherent in the express grant of 
corporate authority under section 5.58(9), and other powers exercised 
by the Corporation under this part, the Corporation shall have the 
following express powers to act as a conservator or receiver:
        ``(1) Rulemaking authority of corporation.--The Corporation may 
    prescribe such regulations as the Corporation determines to be 
    appropriate regarding the conduct of conservatorships or 
    receiverships.
        ``(2) General powers.--
            ``(A) Successor to system institution.--The Corporation 
        shall, as conservator or receiver, and by operation of law, 
        succeed to--
                ``(i) all rights, titles, powers, and privileges of the 
            System institution, and of any stockholder, member, 
            officer, or director of such System institution with 
            respect to the System institution and the assets of the 
            System institution; and
                ``(ii) title to the books, records, and assets of any 
            previous conservator or other legal custodian of such 
            System institution.
            ``(B) Operate the system institution.--The Corporation may, 
        as conservator or receiver--
                ``(i) take over the assets of and operate the System 
            institution with all the powers of the stockholders or 
            members, the directors, and the officers of the System 
            institution and conduct all business of the System 
            institution;
                ``(ii) collect all obligations and money due the System 
            institution;
                ``(iii) perform all functions of the System institution 
            in the name of the System institution which are consistent 
            with the appointment as conservator or receiver;
                ``(iv) preserve and conserve the assets and property of 
            such System institution; and
                ``(v) provide by contract for assistance in fulfilling 
            any function, activity, action, or duty of the Corporation 
            as conservator or receiver.
            ``(C) Functions of system institution's officers, 
        directors, members, and stockholders.--The Corporation may, by 
        regulation or order, provide for the exercise of any function 
        by any stockholder, member, director, or officer of any System 
        institution for which the Corporation has been appointed 
        conservator or receiver.
            ``(D) Powers as conservator.--Subject to any Farm Credit 
        Administration approvals required under this Act, the 
        Corporation may, as conservator, take such action as may be--
                ``(i) necessary to put the System institution in a 
            sound and solvent condition; and
                ``(ii) appropriate to carry on the business of the 
            System institution and preserve and conserve the assets and 
            property of the System institution.
            ``(E) Additional powers as receiver.--The Corporation may, 
        as receiver, liquidate the System institution and proceed to 
        realize upon the assets of the System institution, in such 
        manner as the Corporation determines to be appropriate.
            ``(F) Organization of new system bank.--The Corporation 
        may, as receiver with respect to any System bank, organize a 
        bridge System bank under subsection (h).
            ``(G) Merger; transfer of assets and liabilities.--
                ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), the 
            Corporation may, as conservator or receiver--

                    ``(I) merge the System institution with another 
                System institution; and
                    ``(II) transfer or sell any asset or liability of 
                the System institution in default without any approval, 
                assignment, or consent with respect to such transfer.

                ``(ii) Approval.--No merger or transfer under clause 
            (i) may be made to another System institution (other than a 
            bridge System bank under subsection (h)) without the 
            approval of the Farm Credit Administration.
            ``(H) Payment of valid obligations.--The Corporation, as 
        conservator or receiver, shall, to the extent that proceeds are 
        realized from the performance of contracts or the sale of the 
        assets of a System institution, pay all valid obligations of 
        the System institution in accordance with the prescriptions and 
        limitations of this section.
            ``(I) Incidental powers.--
                ``(i) In general.--The Corporation may, as conservator 
            or receiver--

                    ``(I) exercise all powers and authorities 
                specifically granted to conservators or receivers, 
                respectively, under this section and such incidental 
                powers as shall be necessary to carry out such powers; 
                and
                    ``(II) take any action authorized by this section, 
                which the Corporation determines is in the best 
                interests of--

                        ``(aa) the System institution in receivership 
                    or conservatorship;
                        ``(bb) System institutions;
                        ``(cc) System institution stockholders or 
                    investors; or
                        ``(dd) the Corporation.
                ``(ii) Termination of rights and claims.--

                    ``(I) In general.--Except as provided in subclause 
                (II), notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
                appointment of the Corporation as receiver for a System 
                institution and the succession of the Corporation, by 
                operation of law, to the rights, titles, powers, and 
                privileges described in subparagraph (A) shall 
                terminate all rights and claims that the stockholders 
                and creditors of the System institution may have, 
                arising as a result of their status as stockholders or 
                creditors, against the assets or charter of the System 
                institution or the Corporation.
                    ``(II) Exceptions.--Subclause (I) shall not 
                terminate the right to payment, resolution, or other 
                satisfaction of the claims of stockholders and 
                creditors described in that subclause, as permitted 
                under paragraphs (10) and (11) and subsection (d).

                ``(iii) Charter.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
            of law, for purposes of this section, the charter of a 
            System institution shall not be considered to be an asset 
            of the System institution.
            ``(J) Utilization of private sector.--In carrying out its 
        responsibilities in the management and disposition of assets 
        from System institutions, as conservator, receiver, or in its 
        corporate capacity, the Corporation may utilize the services of 
        private persons, including real estate and loan portfolio asset 
        management, property management, auction marketing, legal, and 
        brokerage services, if the Corporation determines utilization 
        of such services is practicable, efficient, and cost effective.
        ``(3) Authority of receiver to determine claims.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may, as receiver, 
        determine claims in accordance with the requirements of this 
        subsection and regulations prescribed under paragraph (4).
            ``(B) Notice requirements.--The receiver, in any case 
        involving the liquidation or winding up of the affairs of a 
        closed System institution, shall--
                ``(i) promptly publish a notice to the System 
            institution's creditors to present their claims, together 
            with proof, to the receiver by a date specified in the 
            notice which shall be not less than 90 days after the 
            publication of such notice; and
                ``(ii) republish such notice approximately 1 month and 
            2 months, respectively, after the publication under clause 
            (i).
            ``(C) Mailing required.--The receiver shall mail a notice 
        similar to the notice published under subparagraph (B)(i) at 
        the time of such publication to any creditor shown on the 
        System institution's books--
                ``(i) at the creditor's last address appearing in such 
            books; or
                ``(ii) upon discovery of the name and address of a 
            claimant not appearing on the System institution's books 
            within 30 days after the discovery of such name and 
            address.
        ``(4) Rulemaking authority relating to determination of 
    claims.--The Corporation may prescribe regulations regarding the 
    allowance or disallowance of claims by the receiver and providing 
    for administrative determination of claims and review of such 
    determination.
        ``(5) Procedures for determination of claims.--
            ``(A) Determination period.--
                ``(i) In general.--Before the end of the 180-day period 
            beginning on the date any claim against a System 
            institution is filed with the Corporation as receiver, the 
            Corporation shall determine whether to allow or disallow 
            the claim and shall notify the claimant of any 
            determination with respect to such claim.
                ``(ii) Extension of time.--The period described in 
            clause (i) may be extended by a written agreement between 
            the claimant and the Corporation.
                ``(iii) Mailing of notice sufficient.--The requirements 
            of clause (i) shall be deemed to be satisfied if the notice 
            of any determination with respect to any claim is mailed to 
            the last address of the claimant which appears--

                    ``(I) on the System institution's books;
                    ``(II) in the claim filed by the claimant; or
                    ``(III) in documents submitted in proof of the 
                claim.

                ``(iv) Contents of notice of disallowance.--If any 
            claim filed under clause (i) is disallowed, the notice to 
            the claimant shall contain--

                    ``(I) a statement of each reason for the 
                disallowance; and
                    ``(II) the procedures available for obtaining 
                agency review of the determination to disallow the 
                claim or judicial determination of the claim.

            ``(B) Allowance of proven claims.--The receiver shall allow 
        any claim received on or before the date specified in the 
        notice published under paragraph (3)(B)(i) by the receiver from 
        any claimant which is proved to the satisfaction of the 
        receiver.
            ``(C) Disallowance of claims filed after end of filing 
        period.--
                ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), 
            claims filed after the date specified in the notice 
            published under paragraph (3)(B)(i) shall be disallowed and 
            such disallowance shall be final.
                ``(ii) Certain exceptions.--Clause (i) shall not apply 
            with respect to any claim filed by any claimant after the 
            date specified in the notice published under paragraph 
            (3)(B)(i) and such claim may be considered by the receiver 
            if--

                    ``(I) the claimant did not receive notice of the 
                appointment of the receiver in time to file such claim 
                before such date; and
                    ``(II) such claim is filed in time to permit 
                payment of such claim.

            ``(D) Authority to disallow claims.--
                ``(i) In general.--The receiver may disallow any 
            portion of any claim by a creditor or claim of security, 
            preference, or priority which is not proved to the 
            satisfaction of the receiver.
                ``(ii) Payments to less than fully secured creditors.--
            In the case of a claim of a creditor against a System 
            institution which is secured by any property or other asset 
            of such System institution, any receiver appointed for any 
            System institution--

                    ``(I) may treat the portion of such claim which 
                exceeds an amount equal to the fair market value of 
                such property or other asset as an unsecured claim 
                against the System institution; and
                    ``(II) may not make any payment with respect to 
                such unsecured portion of the claim other than in 
                connection with the disposition of all claims of 
                unsecured creditors of the System institution.

                ``(iii) Exceptions.--No provision of this paragraph 
            shall apply with respect to--

                    ``(I) any extension of credit from any Federal 
                Reserve bank or the United States Treasury to any 
                System institution; or
                    ``(II) any security interest in the assets of the 
                System institution securing any such extension of 
                credit.

            ``(E) No judicial review of determination pursuant to 
        subparagraph (d).--No court may review the Corporation's 
        determination pursuant to subparagraph (D) to disallow a claim.
            ``(F) Legal effect of filing.--
                ``(i) Statute of limitation tolled.--For purposes of 
            any applicable statute of limitations, the filing of a 
            claim with the receiver shall constitute a commencement of 
            an action.
                ``(ii) No prejudice to other actions.--Subject to 
            paragraph (12) and the determination of claims by a 
            receiver, the filing of a claim with the receiver shall not 
            prejudice any right of the claimant to continue any action 
            which was filed before the appointment of the receiver.
        ``(6) Provision for judicial determination of claims.--
            ``(A) In general.--Before the end of the 60-day period 
        beginning on the earlier of--
                ``(i) the end of the period described in paragraph 
            (5)(A)(i) with respect to any claim against a System 
            institution for which the Corporation is receiver; or
                ``(ii) the date of any notice of disallowance of such 
            claim pursuant to paragraph (5)(A)(i),
        the claimant may request administrative review of the claim in 
        accordance with paragraph (7) or file suit on such claim (or 
        continue an action commenced before the appointment of the 
        receiver) in the district or territorial court of the United 
        States for the district within which the System institution's 
        principal place of business is located or the United States 
        District Court for the District of Columbia (and such court 
        shall have jurisdiction to hear such claim).
            ``(B) Statute of limitations.--If any claimant fails to 
        file suit on such claim (or continue an action commenced before 
        the appointment of the receiver), before the end of the 60-day 
        period described in subparagraph (A), the claim shall be deemed 
        to be disallowed (other than any portion of such claim which 
        was allowed by the receiver) as of the end of such period, such 
        disallowance shall be final, and the claimant shall have no 
        further rights or remedies with respect to such claim.
        ``(7) Review of claims; administrative hearing.--If any 
    claimant requests review under this paragraph in lieu of filing or 
    continuing any action under paragraph (6) and the Corporation 
    agrees to such request, the Corporation shall consider the claim 
    after opportunity for a hearing on the record. The final 
    determination of the Corporation with respect to such claim shall 
    be subject to judicial review under chapter 7 of title 5, United 
    States Code.
        ``(8) Expedited determination of claims.--
            ``(A) Establishment required.--The Corporation shall 
        establish a procedure for expedited relief outside of the 
        routine claims process established under paragraph (5) for 
        claimants who--
                ``(i) allege the existence of legally valid and 
            enforceable or perfected security interests in assets of 
            any System institution for which the Corporation has been 
            appointed receiver; and
                ``(ii) allege that irreparable injury will occur if the 
            routine claims procedure is followed.
            ``(B) Determination period.--Before the end of the 90-day 
        period beginning on the date any claim is filed in accordance 
        with the procedures established pursuant to subparagraph (A), 
        the Corporation shall--
                ``(i) determine--

                    ``(I) whether to allow or disallow such claim; or
                    ``(II) whether such claim should be determined 
                pursuant to the procedures established pursuant to 
                paragraph (5); and

                ``(ii) notify the claimant of the determination, and if 
            the claim is disallowed, provide a statement of each reason 
            for the disallowance and the procedure for obtaining agency 
            review or judicial determination.
            ``(C) Period for filing or renewing suit.--Any claimant who 
        files a request for expedited relief shall be permitted to file 
        a suit, or to continue a suit filed before the appointment of 
        the receiver, seeking a determination of the claimant's rights 
        with respect to such security interest after the earlier of--
                ``(i) the end of the 90-day period beginning on the 
            date of the filing of a request for expedited relief; or
                ``(ii) the date the Corporation denies the claim.
            ``(D) Statute of limitations.--If an action described in 
        subparagraph (C) is not filed, or the motion to renew a 
        previously filed suit is not made, before the end of the 30-day 
        period beginning on the date on which such action or motion may 
        be filed in accordance with subparagraph (B), the claim shall 
        be deemed to be disallowed as of the end of such period (other 
        than any portion of such claim which was allowed by the 
        receiver), such disallowance shall be final, and the claimant 
        shall have no further rights or remedies with respect to such 
        claim.
            ``(E) Legal effect of filing.--
                ``(i) Statute of limitation tolled.--For purposes of 
            any applicable statute of limitations, the filing of a 
            claim with the receiver shall constitute a commencement of 
            an action.
                ``(ii) No prejudice to other actions.--Subject to 
            paragraph (12), the filing of a claim with the receiver 
            shall not prejudice any right of the claimant to continue 
            any action which was filed before the appointment of the 
            receiver.
        ``(9) Agreement as basis of claim.--
            ``(A) Requirements.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
        (B), any agreement which does not meet the requirements set 
        forth in section 5.61(d) shall not form the basis of, or 
        substantially comprise, a claim against the receiver or the 
        Corporation.
            ``(B) Exception to contemporaneous execution requirement.--
        Notwithstanding section 5.61(d), any agreement relating to an 
        extension of credit between a Federal Reserve bank or the 
        United States Treasury and any System institution which was 
        executed before such extension of credit to such System 
        institution shall be treated as having been executed 
        contemporaneously with such extension of credit for purposes of 
        subparagraph (A).
        ``(10) Payment of claims.--
            ``(A) In general.--The receiver may, in the receiver's 
        discretion and to the extent funds are available from the 
        assets of the System institution, pay creditor claims which are 
        allowed by the receiver, approved by the Corporation pursuant 
        to a final determination pursuant to paragraph (7) or (8), or 
        determined by the final judgment of any court of competent 
        jurisdiction in such manner and amounts as are authorized under 
        this Act.
            ``(B) Liquidation payments.--The receiver may, in the 
        receiver's sole discretion, pay from the assets of the System 
        institution portions of proved claims at any time, and no 
        liability shall attach to the Corporation (in such 
        Corporation's corporate capacity or as receiver), by reason of 
        any such payment, for failure to make payments to a claimant 
        whose claim is not proved at the time of any such payment.
            ``(C) Rulemaking authority of corporation.--The Corporation 
        may prescribe such rules, including definitions of terms, as it 
        deems appropriate to establish a single uniform interest rate 
        for or to make payments of post insolvency interest to 
        creditors holding proven claims against the receivership 
        estates of System institutions following satisfaction by the 
        receiver of the principal amount of all creditor claims.
        ``(11) Priority of expenses and claims.--
            ``(A) In general.--Amounts realized from the liquidation or 
        other resolution of any System institution by any receiver 
        appointed for such System institution shall be distributed to 
        pay claims (other than secured claims to the extent of any such 
        security) in the following order of priority:
                ``(i) Administrative expenses of the receiver.
                ``(ii) If authorized by the Corporation, wages, 
            salaries, or commissions, including vacation, severance, 
            and sick leave pay earned by an individual--

                    ``(I) in an amount that is not more than $11,725 
                for each individual (as indexed for inflation, by 
                regulation of the Corporation); and
                    ``(II) that is earned 180 days or fewer before the 
                date of appointment of the Corporation as receiver.

                ``(iii) In the case of the resolution of a System bank, 
            all claims of holders of consolidated and System-wide bonds 
            and all claims of the other System banks arising from the 
            payments of the System banks pursuant to--

                    ``(I) section 4.4 on consolidated and System-wide 
                bonds issued under subsection (c) or (d) of section 
                4.2; or
                    ``(II) an agreement, in writing and approved by the 
                Farm Credit Administration, among the System banks to 
                reallocate the payments.

                ``(iv) In the case of the resolution of a production 
            credit association or other association making direct loans 
            under section 7.6, all claims of a System bank based on the 
            financing agreement between the association and the System 
            bank--

                    ``(I) including interest accrued before and after 
                the appointment of the receiver; and
                    ``(II) not including any setoff for stock or other 
                equity of that System bank owned by the association, on 
                that condition that, prior to making that setoff, that 
                System bank shall obtain the approval of the Farm 
                Credit Administration Board for the retirement of that 
                stock or equity.

                ``(v) Any general or senior liability of the System 
            institution (which is not a liability described in clause 
            (vi) or (vii)).
                ``(vi) Any obligation subordinated to general creditors 
            (which is not an obligation described in clause (vii)).
                ``(vii) Any obligation to stockholders or members 
            arising as a result of their status as stockholders or 
            members.
            ``(B) Payment of claims.--
                ``(i) In general.--

                    ``(I) Payment.--All claims of each priority 
                described in clauses (i) through (vii) of subparagraph 
                (A) shall be paid in full, or provisions shall be made 
                for that payment, prior to the payment of any claim of 
                a lesser priority.
                    ``(II) Insufficient funds.--If there are 
                insufficient funds to pay in full all claims in any 
                priority described clauses (i) through (vii) of 
                subparagraph (A), distribution on that priority of 
                claims shall be made on a pro rata basis.

                ``(ii) Distribution of remaining assets.--Following the 
            payment of all claims in accordance with subparagraph (A), 
            the receiver shall distribute the remainder of the assets 
            of the System institution to the owners of stock, 
            participation certificates, and other equities in 
            accordance with the priorities for impairment under the 
            bylaws of the System institution.
                ``(iii) Eligible borrower stock.--Notwithstanding 
            subparagraph (C) or any other provision of this section, 
            eligible borrower stock shall be retired in accordance with 
            section 4.9A.
            ``(C) Effect of state law.--
                ``(i) In general.--The provisions of subparagraph (A) 
            shall not supersede the law of any State except to the 
            extent such law is inconsistent with the provisions of such 
            subparagraph, and then only to the extent of the 
            inconsistency.
                ``(ii) Procedure for determination of inconsistency.--
            Upon the Corporation's own motion or upon the request of 
            any person with a claim described in subparagraph (A) or 
            any State which is submitted to the Corporation in 
            accordance with procedures which the Corporation shall 
            prescribe, the Corporation shall determine whether any 
            provision of the law of any State is inconsistent with any 
            provision of subparagraph (A) and the extent of any such 
            inconsistency.
                ``(iii) Judicial review.--The final determination of 
            the Corporation under clause (ii) shall be subject to 
            judicial review under chapter 7 of title 5, United States 
            Code.
            ``(D) Accounting report.--Any distribution by the 
        Corporation in connection with any claim described in 
        subparagraph (A)(vii) shall be accompanied by the accounting 
        report required under paragraph (15)(B).
        ``(12) Suspension of legal actions.--
            ``(A) In general.--After the appointment of a conservator 
        or receiver for a System institution, the conservator or 
        receiver may request a stay for a period not to exceed--
                ``(i) 45 days, in the case of any conservator; and
                ``(ii) 90 days, in the case of any receiver,
        in any judicial action or proceeding to which such System 
        institution is or becomes a party.
            ``(B) Grant of stay by all courts required.--Upon receipt 
        of a request by any conservator or receiver pursuant to 
        subparagraph (A) for a stay of any judicial action or 
        proceeding in any court with jurisdiction of such action or 
        proceeding, the court shall grant such stay as to all parties.
        ``(13) Additional rights and duties.--
            ``(A) Prior final adjudication.--The Corporation shall 
        abide by any final unappealable judgment of any court of 
        competent jurisdiction which was rendered before the 
        appointment of the Corporation as conservator or receiver.
            ``(B) Rights and remedies of conservator or receiver.--In 
        the event of any appealable judgment, the Corporation as 
        conservator or receiver shall--
                ``(i) have all the rights and remedies available to the 
            System institution (before the appointment of such 
            conservator or receiver) and the Corporation in its 
            corporate capacity, including removal to Federal court and 
            all appellate rights; and
                ``(ii) not be required to post any bond in order to 
            pursue such remedies.
            ``(C) No attachment or execution.--No attachment or 
        execution may issue by any court on--
                ``(i) assets in the possession of the receiver; or
                ``(ii) the charter of a System institution for which 
            the Corporation has been appointed receiver.
            ``(D) Limitation on judicial review.--Except as otherwise 
        provided in this subsection, no court shall have jurisdiction 
        over--
                ``(i) any claim or action for payment from, or any 
            action seeking a determination of rights with respect to, 
            the assets of any System institution for which the 
            Corporation has been appointed receiver, including assets 
            which the Corporation may acquire from itself as such 
            receiver; or
                ``(ii) any claim relating to any act or omission of 
            such System institution or the Corporation as receiver.
            ``(E) Disposition of assets.--In exercising any right, 
        power, privilege, or authority as receiver in connection with 
        any sale or disposition of assets of any System institution for 
        which the Corporation is acting as receiver, the Corporation 
        shall, to the maximum extent practicable, conduct its 
        operations in a manner which--
                ``(i) maximizes the net present value return from the 
            sale or disposition of such assets;
                ``(ii) minimizes the amount of any loss realized in the 
            resolution of cases;
                ``(iii) ensures adequate competition and fair and 
            consistent treatment of offerors;
                ``(iv) prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, 
            sex, or ethnic groups in the solicitation and consideration 
            of offers; and
                ``(v) mitigates the potential for serious adverse 
            effects to the rest of the System.
        ``(14) Statute of limitations for actions brought by 
    conservator or receiver.--
            ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any provision of any 
        contract, the applicable statute of limitations with regard to 
        any action brought by the Corporation as conservator or 
        receiver shall be--
                ``(i) in the case of any contract claim, the longer 
            of--

                    ``(I) the 6-year period beginning on the date the 
                claim accrues; or
                    ``(II) the period applicable under State law; and

                ``(ii) in the case of any tort claim, the longer of--

                    ``(I) the 3-year period beginning on the date the 
                claim accrues; or
                    ``(II) the period applicable under State law.

            ``(B) Determination of the date on which a claim accrues.--
        For purposes of subparagraph (A), the date on which the statute 
        of limitations begins to run on any claim described in such 
        subparagraph shall be the later of--
                ``(i) the date of the appointment of the Corporation as 
            conservator or receiver; or
                ``(ii) the date on which the cause of action accrues.
            ``(C) Revival of expired state causes of action.--
                ``(i) In general.--In the case of any tort claim 
            described in clause (ii) for which the statute of 
            limitation applicable under State law with respect to such 
            claim has expired not more than 5 years before the 
            appointment of the Corporation as conservator or receiver, 
            the Corporation may bring an action as conservator or 
            receiver on such claim without regard to the expiration of 
            the statute of limitation applicable under State law.
                ``(ii) Claims described.--A tort claim referred to in 
            clause (i) is a claim arising from fraud, intentional 
            misconduct resulting in unjust enrichment, or intentional 
            misconduct resulting in substantial loss to the System 
            institution.
        ``(15) Accounting and recordkeeping requirements.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation as conservator or 
        receiver shall, consistent with the accounting and reporting 
        practices and procedures established by the Corporation, 
        maintain a full accounting of each conservatorship and 
        receivership or other disposition of System institutions in 
        default.
            ``(B) Annual accounting or report.--With respect to each 
        conservatorship or receivership to which the Corporation was 
        appointed, the Corporation shall make an annual accounting or 
        report, as appropriate, available to the Farm Credit 
        Administration Board.
            ``(C) Availability of reports.--Any report prepared 
        pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be made available by the 
        Corporation upon request to any stockholder of the System 
        institution for which the Corporation was appointed conservator 
        or receiver or any other member of the public.
            ``(D) Recordkeeping requirement.--
                ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in clause (ii), 
            after the end of the 6-year period beginning on the date 
            the Corporation is appointed as receiver of a System 
            institution, the Corporation may destroy any records of 
            such System institution which the Corporation, in the 
            Corporation's discretion, determines to be unnecessary 
            unless directed not to do so by a court of competent 
            jurisdiction or governmental agency, or prohibited by law.
                ``(ii) Old records.--Notwithstanding clause (i), the 
            Corporation may destroy records of a System institution 
            which are at least 10 years old as of the date on which the 
            Corporation is appointed as the receiver of such System 
            institution in accordance with clause (i) at any time after 
            such appointment is final, without regard to the 6-year 
            period of limitation contained in clause (i).
        ``(16) Fraudulent transfers.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation, as conservator or 
        receiver for any System institution, may avoid a transfer of 
        any interest of a System institution-affiliated party, or any 
        person who the Corporation determines is a debtor of the System 
        institution, in property, or any obligation incurred by such 
        party or person, that was made within 5 years of the date on 
        which the Corporation was appointed conservator or receiver if 
        such party or person voluntarily or involuntarily made such 
        transfer or incurred such liability with the intent to hinder, 
        delay, or defraud the System institution, the Farm Credit 
        Administration, or the Corporation.
            ``(B) Right of recovery.--To the extent a transfer is 
        avoided under subparagraph (A), the Corporation may recover, 
        for the benefit of the System institution, the property 
        transferred, or, if a court so orders, the value of such 
        property (at the time of such transfer) from--
                ``(i) the initial transferee of such transfer or the 
            System institution-affiliated party or person for whose 
            benefit such transfer was made; or
                ``(ii) any immediate or mediate transferee of any such 
            initial transferee.
            ``(C) Rights of transferee or obligee.--The Corporation may 
        not recover under subparagraph (B) from--
                ``(i) any transferee that takes for value, including 
            satisfaction or securing of a present or antecedent debt, 
            in good faith; or
                ``(ii) any immediate or mediate good faith transferee 
            of such transferee.
            ``(D) Rights under this paragraph.--The rights under this 
        paragraph of the Corporation shall be superior to any rights of 
        a trustee or any other party (other than any party which is a 
        Federal agency) under title 11, United States Code.
        ``(17) Attachment of assets and other injunctive relief.--
    Subject to paragraph (18), any court of competent jurisdiction may, 
    at the request of the Corporation (in the Corporation's capacity as 
    conservator or receiver for any System institution or in the 
    Corporation's corporate capacity with respect to any asset acquired 
    or liability assumed by the Corporation under section 5.61), issue 
    an order in accordance with Rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil 
    Procedure, including an order placing the assets of any person 
    designated by the Corporation under the control of the court and 
    appointing a trustee to hold such assets.
        ``(18) Standards.--
            ``(A) Showing.--Rule 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil 
        Procedure shall apply with respect to any proceeding under 
        paragraph (17) without regard to the requirement of such rule 
        that the applicant show that the injury, loss, or damage is 
        irreparable and immediate.
            ``(B) State proceeding.--If, in the case of any proceeding 
        in a State court, the court determines that rules of civil 
        procedure available under the laws of such State provide 
        substantially similar protections to such party's right to due 
        process as Rule 65 (as modified with respect to such proceeding 
        by subparagraph (A)), the relief sought by the Corporation 
        pursuant to paragraph (17) may be requested under the laws of 
        such State.
        ``(19) Treatment of claims arising from breach of contracts 
    executed by the receiver or conservator.--Notwithstanding any other 
    provision of this subsection, any final and unappealable judgment 
    for monetary damages entered against a receiver or conservator for 
    a System institution for the breach of an agreement executed or 
    approved by such receiver or conservator after the date of its 
    appointment shall be paid as an administrative expense of the 
    receiver or conservator. Nothing in this paragraph shall be 
    construed to limit the power of a receiver or conservator to 
    exercise any rights under contract or law, including terminating, 
    breaching, canceling, or otherwise discontinuing such agreement.
    ``(c) Provisions Relating to Contracts Entered Into Before 
Appointment of Conservator or Receiver.--
        ``(1) Authority to repudiate contracts.--In addition to any 
    other rights a conservator or receiver may have, the conservator or 
    receiver for a System institution may disaffirm or repudiate any 
    contract or lease--
            ``(A) to which such System institution is a party;
            ``(B) the performance of which the conservator or receiver, 
        in the conservator's or receiver's discretion, determines to be 
        burdensome; and
            ``(C) the disaffirmance or repudiation of which the 
        conservator or receiver determines, in the conservator's or 
        receiver's discretion, will promote the orderly administration 
        of the System institution's affairs.
        ``(2) Timing of repudiation.--The Corporation as conservator or 
    receiver for any System institution shall determine whether or not 
    to exercise the rights of repudiation under this subsection within 
    a reasonable period following such appointment.
        ``(3) Claims for damages for repudiation.--
            ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
        subparagraph (C) and paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), the 
        liability of the conservator or receiver for the disaffirmance 
        or repudiation of any contract pursuant to paragraph (1) shall 
        be--
                ``(i) limited to actual direct compensatory damages; 
            and
                ``(ii) determined as of--

                    ``(I) the date of the appointment of the 
                conservator or receiver; or
                    ``(II) in the case of any contract or agreement 
                referred to in paragraph (8), the date of the 
                disaffirmance or repudiation of such contract or 
                agreement.

            ``(B) No liability for other damages.--For purposes of 
        subparagraph (A), the term `actual direct compensatory damages' 
        does not include--
                ``(i) punitive or exemplary damages;
                ``(ii) damages for lost profits or opportunity; or
                ``(iii) damages for pain and suffering.
            ``(C) Measure of damages for repudiation of financial 
        contracts.--In the case of any qualified financial contract or 
        agreement to which paragraph (8) applies, compensatory damages 
        shall be--
                ``(i) deemed to include normal and reasonable costs of 
            cover or other reasonable measures of damages utilized in 
            the industries for such contract and agreement claims; and
                ``(ii) paid in accordance with this subsection and 
            subsection (j), except as otherwise specifically provided 
            in this section.
        ``(4) Leases under which the system institution is the 
    lessee.--
            ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
        disaffirms or repudiates a lease under which the System 
        institution was the lessee, the conservator or receiver shall 
        not be liable for any damages (other than damages determined 
        pursuant to subparagraph (B)) for the disaffirmance or 
        repudiation of such lease.
            ``(B) Payments of rent.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
        the lessor under a lease to which such subparagraph applies 
        shall--
                ``(i) be entitled to the contractual rent accruing 
            before the later of the date--

                    ``(I) the notice of disaffirmance or repudiation is 
                mailed; or
                    ``(II) the disaffirmance or repudiation becomes 
                effective, unless the lessor is in default or breach of 
                the terms of the lease; and

                ``(ii) have no claim for damages under any acceleration 
            clause or other penalty provision in the lease; and
                ``(iii) have a claim for any unpaid rent, subject to 
            all appropriate offsets and defenses, due as of the date of 
            the appointment, which shall be paid in accordance with 
            this subsection and subsection (j).
        ``(5) Leases under which the system institution is the 
    lessor.--
            ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
        repudiates an unexpired written lease of real property of the 
        System institution under which the System institution is the 
        lessor and the lessee is not, as of the date of such 
        repudiation, in default, the lessee under such lease may 
        either--
                ``(i) treat the lease as terminated by such 
            repudiation; or
                ``(ii) remain in possession of the leasehold interest 
            for the balance of the term of the lease, unless the lessee 
            defaults under the terms of the lease after the date of 
            such repudiation.
            ``(B) Provisions applicable to lessee remaining in 
        possession.--If any lessee under a lease described in 
        subparagraph (A) remains in possession of a leasehold interest 
        pursuant to clause (ii) of such subparagraph--
                ``(i) the lessee--

                    ``(I) shall continue to pay the contractual rent 
                pursuant to the terms of the lease after the date of 
                the repudiation of such lease; and
                    ``(II) may offset against any rent payment which 
                accrues after the date of the repudiation of the lease, 
                any damages which accrue after such date due to the 
                nonperformance of any obligation of the System 
                institution under the lease after such date; and

                ``(ii) the conservator or receiver shall not be liable 
            to the lessee for any damages arising after such date as a 
            result of the repudiation, other than the amount of any 
            offset allowed under clause (i)(II).
        ``(6) Contracts for the sale of real property.--
            ``(A) In general.--If the conservator or receiver 
        repudiates any contract that meets the requirements of 
        paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 5.61(d) for the sale of 
        real property, and the purchaser of such real property under 
        such contract is in possession and is not, as of the date of 
        such repudiation, in default, such purchaser may either--
                ``(i) treat the contract as terminated by such 
            repudiation; or
                ``(ii) remain in possession of such real property.
            ``(B) Provisions applicable to purchaser remaining in 
        possession.--If any purchaser of real property under any 
        contract described in subparagraph (A) remains in possession of 
        such property pursuant to clause (ii) of such subparagraph--
                ``(i) the purchaser--

                    ``(I) shall continue to make all payments due under 
                the contract after the date of the repudiation of the 
                contract; and
                    ``(II) may offset against any such payments any 
                damages which accrue after such date due to the 
                nonperformance (after such date) of any obligation of 
                the System institution under the contract; and

                ``(ii) the conservator or receiver shall--

                    ``(I) not be liable to the purchaser for any 
                damages arising after that date as a result of the 
                repudiation, other than the amount of any offset 
                allowed under clause (i)(II);
                    ``(II) deliver title to the purchaser in accordance 
                with the contract; and
                    ``(III) have no obligation under the contract, 
                other than the performance required under subclause 
                (II).

            ``(C) Assignment and sale allowed.--
                ``(i) In general.--No provision of this paragraph shall 
            be construed as limiting the right of the conservator or 
            receiver to assign the contract described in subparagraph 
            (A) and sell the property subject to the contract and this 
            paragraph.
                ``(ii) No liability after assignment and sale.--If an 
            assignment and sale described in clause (i) is consummated, 
            the Corporation, acting as conservator or receiver, shall 
            have no further liability under the applicable contract 
            described in subparagraph (A) or with respect to the real 
            property which was the subject of such contract.
        ``(7) Provisions applicable to service contracts.--
            ``(A) Services performed before appointment.--In the case 
        of any contract for services between any person and any System 
        institution for which the Corporation has been appointed 
        conservator or receiver, any claim of such person for services 
        performed before the appointment of the conservator or the 
        receiver shall be--
                ``(i) a claim to be paid in accordance with subsections 
            (b) and (d); and
                ``(ii) deemed to have arisen as of the date the 
            conservator or receiver was appointed.
            ``(B) Services performed after appointment and prior to 
        repudiation.--If, in the case of any contract for services 
        described in subparagraph (A), the conservator or receiver 
        accepts performance by the other person before the conservator 
        or receiver makes any determination to exercise the right of 
        repudiation of such contract under this section--
                ``(i) the other party shall be paid under the terms of 
            the contract for the services performed; and
                ``(ii) the amount of such payment shall be treated as 
            an administrative expense of the conservatorship or 
            receivership.
            ``(C) Acceptance of performance no bar to subsequent 
        repudiation.--The acceptance by any conservator or receiver of 
        services referred to in subparagraph (B) in connection with a 
        contract described in such subparagraph shall not affect the 
        right of the conservator or receiver, to repudiate such 
        contract under this section at any time after such performance.
        ``(8) Certain qualified financial contracts.--
            ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                ``(i) Commodity contract.--The term `commodity 
            contract' means--

                    ``(I) with respect to a futures commission 
                merchant, a contract for the purchase or sale of a 
                commodity for future delivery on, or subject to the 
                rules of, a contract market or board of trade;
                    ``(II) with respect to a foreign futures commission 
                merchant, a foreign future;
                    ``(III) with respect to a leverage transaction 
                merchant, a leverage transaction;
                    ``(IV) with respect to a clearing organization, a 
                contract for the purchase or sale of a commodity for 
                future delivery on, or subject to the rules of, a 
                contract market or board of trade that is cleared by 
                such clearing organization, or commodity option traded 
                on, or subject to the rules of, a contract market or 
                board of trade that is cleared by such clearing 
                organization;
                    ``(V) with respect to a commodity options dealer, a 
                commodity option;
                    ``(VI) any other agreement or transaction that is 
                similar to any agreement or transaction referred to in 
                this clause;
                    ``(VII) any combination of the agreements or 
                transactions referred to in this clause;
                    ``(VIII) any option to enter into any agreement or 
                transaction referred to in this clause;
                    ``(IX) a master agreement that provides for an 
                agreement or transaction referred to in any of 
                subclauses (I) through (VIII), together with all 
                supplements to any such master agreement, without 
                regard to whether the master agreement provides for an 
                agreement or transaction that is not a commodity 
                contract under this clause, except that the master 
                agreement shall be considered to be a commodity 
                contract under this clause only with respect to each 
                agreement or transaction under the master agreement 
                that is referred to in subclause (I), (II), (III), 
                (IV), (V), (VI), (VII), or (VIII); or
                    ``(X) any security agreement or arrangement or 
                other credit enhancement related to any agreement or 
                transaction referred to in this clause, including any 
                guarantee or reimbursement obligation in connection 
                with any agreement or transaction referred to in this 
                clause.

                ``(ii) Forward contract.--The term `forward contract' 
            means--

                    ``(I) a contract (other than a commodity contract) 
                for the purchase, sale, or transfer of a commodity or 
                any similar good, article, service, right, or interest 
                which is presently or in the future becomes the subject 
                of dealing in the forward contract trade, or product or 
                byproduct thereof, with a maturity date more than 2 
                days after the date the contract is entered into, 
                including a repurchase or reverse repurchase 
                transaction (whether or not such repurchase or reverse 
                repurchase transaction is a repurchase agreement), 
                consignment, lease, swap, hedge transaction, deposit, 
                loan, option, allocated transaction, unallocated 
                transaction, or any other similar agreement;
                    ``(II) any combination of agreements or 
                transactions referred to in subclauses (I) and (III);
                    ``(III) any option to enter into any agreement or 
                transaction referred to in subclause (I) or (II);
                    ``(IV) a master agreement that provides for an 
                agreement or transaction referred to in subclauses (I) 
                through (III), together with all supplements to any 
                such master agreement, without regard to whether the 
                master agreement provides for an agreement or 
                transaction that is not a forward contract under this 
                clause, except that the master agreement shall be 
                considered to be a forward contract under this clause 
                only with respect to each agreement or transaction 
                under the master agreement that is referred to in 
                subclause (I), (II), or (III); or
                    ``(V) any security agreement or arrangement or 
                other credit enhancement related to any agreement or 
                transaction referred to in subclause (I), (II), (III), 
                or (IV), including any guarantee or reimbursement 
                obligation in connection with any agreement or 
                transaction referred to in any such subclause.

                ``(iii) Person.--The term `person'--

                    ``(I) has the meaning given the term in section 1 
                of title 1, United States Code; and
                    ``(II) includes any governmental entity.

                ``(iv) Qualified financial contract.--The term 
            `qualified financial contract' means any securities 
            contract, commodity contract, forward contract, repurchase 
            agreement, swap agreement, and any similar agreement that 
            the Corporation determines by regulation, resolution, or 
            order to be a qualified financial contract for purposes of 
            this paragraph.
                ``(v) Repurchase agreement.--

                    ``(I) In general.--The term `repurchase agreement' 
                (including with respect to a reverse repurchase 
                agreement)--

                        ``(aa) means--
                            ``(AA) an agreement, including related 
                        terms, which provides for the transfer of one 
                        or more certificates of deposit, mortgage-
                        related securities (as such term is defined in 
                        section 3(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 
                        1934 (15 U.S.C. 78c(a))), mortgage loans, 
                        interests in mortgage-related securities or 
                        mortgage loans, eligible bankers' acceptances, 
                        qualified foreign government securities or 
                        securities that are direct obligations of, or 
                        that are fully guaranteed by, the United States 
                        or any agency of the United States against the 
                        transfer of funds by the transferee of such 
                        certificates of deposit, eligible bankers' 
                        acceptances, securities, mortgage loans, or 
                        interests with a simultaneous agreement by such 
                        transferee to transfer to the transferor 
                        thereof certificates of deposit, eligible 
                        bankers' acceptances, securities, mortgage 
                        loans, or interests as described above, at a 
                        date certain not later than 1 year after such 
                        transfers or on demand, against the transfer of 
                        funds, or any other similar agreement;
                            ``(BB) any combination of agreements or 
                        transactions referred to in subitems (AA) and 
                        (CC);
                            ``(CC) any option to enter into any 
                        agreement or transaction referred to in subitem 
                        (AA) or (BB);
                            ``(DD) a master agreement that provides for 
                        an agreement or transaction referred to in 
                        subitem (AA), (BB), or (CC), together with all 
                        supplements to any such master agreement, 
                        without regard to whether the master agreement 
                        provides for an agreement or transaction that 
                        is not a repurchase agreement under this item, 
                        except that the master agreement shall be 
                        considered to be a repurchase agreement under 
                        this item only with respect to each agreement 
                        or transaction under the master agreement that 
                        is referred to in subitem (AA), (BB), or (CC); 
                        and
                            ``(EE) any security agreement or 
                        arrangement or other credit enhancement related 
                        to any agreement or transaction referred to in 
                        any of subitems (AA) through (DD), including 
                        any guarantee or reimbursement obligation in 
                        connection with any agreement or transaction 
                        referred to in any such subitem; and
                        ``(bb) does not include any repurchase 
                    obligation under a participation in a commercial 
                    mortgage, loan unless the Corporation determines by 
                    regulation, resolution, or order to include any 
                    such participation within the meaning of such term.

                    ``(II) Related definition.--For purposes of 
                subclause (I)(aa), the term `qualified foreign 
                government security' means a security that is a direct 
                obligation of, or that is fully guaranteed by, the 
                central government of a member of the Organization for 
                Economic Cooperation and Development (as determined by 
                regulation or order adopted by the appropriate Federal 
                banking authority).

                ``(vi) Securities contract.--The term `securities 
            contract'--

                    ``(I) means--

                        ``(aa) a contract for the purchase, sale, or 
                    loan of a security, a certificate of deposit, a 
                    mortgage loan, any interest in a mortgage loan, a 
                    group or index of securities, certificates of 
                    deposit, or mortgage loans or interests therein 
                    (including any interest therein or based on the 
                    value thereof) or any option on any of the 
                    foregoing, including any option to purchase or sell 
                    any such security, certificate of deposit, mortgage 
                    loan, interest, group or index, or option, and 
                    including any repurchase or reverse repurchase 
                    transaction on any such security, certificate of 
                    deposit, mortgage loan, interest, group or index, 
                    or option (whether or not the repurchase or reverse 
                    repurchase transaction is a repurchase agreement);
                        ``(bb) any option entered into on a national 
                    securities exchange relating to foreign currencies;
                        ``(cc) the guarantee (including by novation) by 
                    or to any securities clearing agency of any 
                    settlement of cash, securities, certificates of 
                    deposit, mortgage loans or interests therein, group 
                    or index of securities, certificates of deposit, or 
                    mortgage loans or interests therein (including any 
                    interest therein or based on the value thereof) or 
                    option on any of the foregoing, including any 
                    option to purchase or sell any such security, 
                    certificate of deposit, mortgage loan, interest, 
                    group or index, or option (whether or not the 
                    settlement is in connection with any agreement or 
                    transaction referred to in any of items (aa), (bb), 
                    and (dd) through (kk));
                        ``(dd) any margin loan;
                        ``(ee) any extension of credit for the 
                    clearance or settlement of securities transactions;
                        ``(ff) any loan transaction coupled with a 
                    securities collar transaction, any prepaid 
                    securities forward transaction, or any total return 
                    swap transaction coupled with a securities sale 
                    transaction;
                        ``(gg) any other agreement or transaction that 
                    is similar to any agreement or transaction referred 
                    to in this subclause;
                        ``(hh) any combination of the agreements or 
                    transactions referred to in this subclause;
                        ``(ii) any option to enter into any agreement 
                    or transaction referred to in this subclause;
                        ``(jj) a master agreement that provides for an 
                    agreement or transaction referred to in any of 
                    items (aa) through (ii), together with all 
                    supplements to any such master agreement, without 
                    regard to whether the master agreement provides for 
                    an agreement or transaction that is not a 
                    securities contract under this subclause, except 
                    that the master agreement shall be considered to be 
                    a securities contract under this subclause only 
                    with respect to each agreement or transaction under 
                    the master agreement that is referred to in item 
                    (aa), (bb), (cc), (dd), (ee), (ff), (gg), (hh), or 
                    (ii); and
                        ``(kk) any security agreement or arrangement or 
                    other credit enhancement related to any agreement 
                    or transaction referred to in this subclause, 
                    including any guarantee or reimbursement obligation 
                    in connection with any agreement or transaction 
                    referred to in this subclause; and

                    ``(II) does not include any purchase, sale, or 
                repurchase obligation under a participation in a 
                commercial mortgage loan unless the Corporation 
                determines by regulation, resolution, or order to 
                include any such agreement within the meaning of such 
                term.

                ``(vii) Swap agreement.--The term `swap agreement' 
            means--

                    ``(I) any agreement, including the terms and 
                conditions incorporated by reference in any such 
                agreement, that is--

                        ``(aa) an interest rate swap, option, future, 
                    or forward agreement, including a rate floor, rate 
                    cap, rate collar, cross-currency rate swap, and 
                    basis swap;
                        ``(bb) a spot, same day-tomorrow, tomorrow-
                    next, forward, or other foreign exchange precious 
                    metals or other commodity agreement;
                        ``(cc) a currency swap, option, future, or 
                    forward agreement;
                        ``(dd) an equity index or equity swap, option, 
                    future, or forward agreement;
                        ``(ee) a debt index or debt swap, option, 
                    future, or forward agreement;
                        ``(ff) a total return, credit spread or credit 
                    swap, option, future, or forward agreement;
                        ``(gg) a commodity index or commodity swap, 
                    option, future, or forward agreement;
                        ``(hh) a weather swap, option, future, or 
                    forward agreement;
                        ``(ii) an emissions swap, option, future, or 
                    forward agreement; or
                        ``(jj) an inflation swap, option, future, or 
                    forward agreement;

                    ``(II) any agreement or transaction that is similar 
                to any other agreement or transaction referred to in 
                this clause and that is of a type that has been, is 
                presently, or in the future becomes, the subject of 
                recurrent dealings in the swap or other derivatives 
                markets (including terms and conditions incorporated by 
                reference in such agreement) and that is a forward, 
                swap, future, option or spot transaction on one or more 
                rates, currencies, commodities, equity securities or 
                other equity instruments, debt securities or other debt 
                instruments, quantitative measures associated with an 
                occurrence, extent of an occurrence, or contingency 
                associated with a financial, commercial, or economic 
                consequence, or economic or financial indices or 
                measures of economic or financial risk or value;
                    ``(III) any combination of agreements or 
                transactions referred to in this clause;
                    ``(IV) any option to enter into any agreement or 
                transaction referred to in this clause;
                    ``(V) a master agreement that provides for an 
                agreement or transaction referred to in any of 
                subclauses (I) through (IV), together with all 
                supplements to any such master agreement, without 
                regard to whether the master agreement contains an 
                agreement or transaction that is not a swap agreement 
                under this clause, except that the master agreement 
                shall be considered to be a swap agreement under this 
                clause only with respect to each agreement or 
                transaction under the master agreement that is referred 
                to in subclause (I), (II), (III), or (IV); and
                    ``(VI) any security agreement or arrangement or 
                other credit enhancement related to any agreements or 
                transactions referred to in any of subclauses (I) 
                through (V), including any guarantee or reimbursement 
                obligation in connection with any agreement or 
                transaction referred to in any such subclause.

                ``(viii) Transfer.--The term `transfer' means every 
            mode, direct or indirect, absolute or conditional, 
            voluntary or involuntary, of disposing of or parting with 
            property or with an interest in property, including 
            retention of title as a security interest and foreclosure 
            of the equity of redemption of a System institution.
                ``(ix) Treatment of master agreement as 1 agreement.--
            For purposes of this subparagraph--

                    ``(I) any master agreement for any contract or 
                agreement described in this subparagraph (or any master 
                agreement for such a master agreement or agreements), 
                together with all supplements to the master agreement, 
                shall be treated as a single agreement and a single 
                qualified financial contact; and
                    ``(II) if a master agreement contains provisions 
                relating to agreements or transactions that are not 
                qualified financial contracts, the master agreement 
                shall be deemed to be a qualified financial contract 
                only with respect to those transactions that are 
                themselves qualified financial contracts.

            ``(B) Rights of parties to contracts.--Subject to 
        paragraphs (9) and (10), and notwithstanding any other 
        provision of this Act (other than subsection (b)(9) and section 
        5.61(d)) or any other Federal or State law, no person shall be 
        stayed or prohibited from exercising--
                ``(i) any right such person has to cause the 
            termination, liquidation, or acceleration of any qualified 
            financial contract with a System institution which arises 
            upon the appointment of the Corporation as receiver for 
            such System institution at any time after such appointment;
                ``(ii) any right under any security agreement or 
            arrangement or other credit enhancement related to one or 
            more qualified financial contracts described in clause (i); 
            or
                ``(iii) any right to offset or net out any termination 
            value, payment amount, or other transfer obligation arising 
            under, or in connection with, 1 or more contracts and 
            agreements described in clause (i), including any master 
            agreement for such contracts or agreements.
            ``(C) Applicability of other provisions.--Subsection 
        (b)(12) shall apply in the case of any judicial action or 
        proceeding brought against any receiver referred to in 
        subparagraph (A), or the System institution for which such 
        receiver was appointed, by any party to a contract or agreement 
        described in subparagraph (B)(i) with such System institution.
            ``(D) Certain transfers not avoidable.--
                ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph (11) or 
            any other Federal or State law relating to the avoidance of 
            preferential or fraudulent transfers, the Corporation, 
            whether acting as such or as conservator or receiver of a 
            System institution, may not avoid any transfer of money or 
            other property in connection with any qualified financial 
            contract with a System institution.
                ``(ii) Exception for certain transfers.--Clause (i) 
            shall not apply to any transfer of money or other property 
            in connection with any qualified financial contract with a 
            System institution if the Corporation determines that the 
            transferee had actual intent to hinder, delay, or defraud 
            such System institution, the creditors of such System 
            institution, or any conservator or receiver appointed for 
            such System institution.
            ``(E) Certain protections in event of appointment of 
        conservator.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act 
        (other than subparagraph (G), paragraph (10), subsection 
        (b)(9), and section 5.61(d)) or any other Federal or State law, 
        no person shall be stayed or prohibited from exercising--
                ``(i) any right such person has to cause the 
            termination, liquidation, or acceleration of any qualified 
            financial contract with a System institution in a 
            conservatorship based upon a default under such financial 
            contract which is enforceable under applicable 
            noninsolvency law;
                ``(ii) any right under any security agreement or 
            arrangement or other credit enhancement related to one or 
            more qualified financial contracts described in clause (i); 
            and
                ``(iii) any right to offset or net out any termination 
            values, payment amounts, or other transfer obligations 
            arising under or in connection with such qualified 
            financial contracts.
            ``(F) Clarification.--No provision of law shall be 
        construed as limiting the right or power of the Corporation, or 
        authorizing any court or agency to limit or delay, in any 
        manner, the right or power of the Corporation to transfer any 
        qualified financial contract in accordance with paragraphs (9) 
        and (10) or to disaffirm or repudiate any such contract in 
        accordance with paragraph (1).
            ``(G) Walkaway clauses not effective.--
                ``(i) Definition of walkaway clause.--In this 
            subparagraph, the term `walkaway clause' means any 
            provision in a qualified financial contract that suspends, 
            conditions, or extinguishes a payment obligation of a 
            party, in whole or in part, or does not create a payment 
            obligation of a party that would otherwise exist--

                    ``(I) solely because of--

                        ``(aa) the status of the party as a 
                    nondefaulting party in connection with the 
                    insolvency of a System institution that is a party 
                    to the contract; or
                        ``(bb) the appointment of, or the exercise of 
                    rights or powers by, the Corporation as a 
                    conservator or receiver of the System institution; 
                    and

                    ``(II) not as a result of the exercise by a party 
                of any right to offset, setoff, or net obligations that 
                exist under--

                        ``(aa) the contract;
                        ``(bb) any other contract between those 
                    parties; or
                        ``(cc) applicable law.
                ``(ii) Treatment.--Notwithstanding the provisions of 
            subparagraphs (B) and (E), no walkaway clause shall be 
            enforceable in a qualified financial contract of a System 
            institution in default.
                ``(iii) Limited suspension of certain obligations.--In 
            the case of a qualified financial contract referred to in 
            clause (ii), any payment or delivery obligations otherwise 
            due from a party pursuant to the qualified financial 
            contract shall be suspended from the time the receiver is 
            appointed until the earlier of--

                    ``(I) the time such party receives notice that such 
                contract has been transferred pursuant to subparagraph 
                (B); or
                    ``(II) 5:00 p.m. (eastern time) on the business day 
                following the date of the appointment of the receiver.

            ``(H) Recordkeeping requirements.--The Corporation, in 
        consultation with the Farm Credit Administration, may prescribe 
        regulations requiring more detailed recordkeeping by any System 
        institution with respect to qualified financial contracts 
        (including market valuations), only if such System institution 
        is subject to subclause (I), (III), or (IV) of section 
        5.61B(a)(1)(A)(ii).
        ``(9) Transfer of qualified financial contracts.--
            ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                ``(i) Clearing organization.--The term `clearing 
            organization' has the meaning given the term in section 402 
            of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement 
            Act of 1991 (12 U.S.C. 4402).
                ``(ii) Financial institution.--The term `financial 
            institution' means a System institution, a broker or 
            dealer, a depository institution, a futures commission 
            merchant, or any other institution, as determined by the 
            Corporation by regulation to be a financial institution.
            ``(B) Requirement.--In making any transfer of assets or 
        liabilities of a System institution in default which includes 
        any qualified financial contract, the conservator or receiver 
        for such System institution shall either--
                ``(i) transfer to one financial institution, other than 
            a financial institution for which a conservator, receiver, 
            trustee in bankruptcy, or other legal custodian has been 
            appointed, or that is otherwise the subject of a bankruptcy 
            or insolvency proceeding--

                    ``(I) all qualified financial contracts between any 
                person or any affiliate of such person and the System 
                institution in default;
                    ``(II) all claims of such person or any affiliate 
                of such person against such System institution under 
                any such contract (other than any claim which, under 
                the terms of any such contract, is subordinated to the 
                claims of general unsecured creditors of such System 
                institution);
                    ``(III) all claims of such System institution 
                against such person or any affiliate of such person 
                under any such contract; and
                    ``(IV) all property securing or any other credit 
                enhancement for any contract described in subclause (I) 
                or any claim described in subclause (II) or (III) under 
                any such contract; or

                ``(ii) transfer none of the qualified financial 
            contracts, claims, property or other credit enhancement 
            referred to in clause (i) (with respect to such person and 
            any affiliate of such person).
            ``(C) Transfer to foreign bank, foreign financial 
        institution, or branch or agency of a foreign bank or financial 
        institution.--In transferring any qualified financial contracts 
        and related claims and property under subparagraph (B)(i), the 
        conservator or receiver for the System institution shall not 
        make such transfer to a foreign bank, financial institution 
        organized under the laws of a foreign country, or a branch or 
        agency of a foreign bank or financial institution unless, under 
        the law applicable to such bank, financial institution, branch 
        or agency, to the qualified financial contracts, and to any 
        netting contract, any security agreement or arrangement or 
        other credit enhancement related to one or more qualified 
        financial contracts, the contractual rights of the parties to 
        such qualified financial contracts, netting contracts, security 
        agreements or arrangements, or other credit enhancements are 
        enforceable substantially to the same extent as permitted under 
        this section.
            ``(D) Transfer of contracts subject to the rules of a 
        clearing organization.--In the event that a conservator or 
        receiver transfers any qualified financial contract and related 
        claims, property, and credit enhancements pursuant to 
        subparagraph (B)(i) and such contract is cleared by or subject 
        to the rules of a clearing organization, the clearing 
        organization shall not be required to accept the transferee as 
        a member by virtue of the transfer.
        ``(10) Notification of transfer.--
            ``(A) Definition of business day.--In this paragraph, the 
        term `business day' means any day other than any Saturday, 
        Sunday, or any day on which either the New York Stock Exchange 
        or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is closed.
            ``(B) Notification.--If--
                ``(i) the conservator or receiver for a System 
            institution in default makes any transfer of the assets and 
            liabilities of such System institution; and
                ``(ii) the transfer includes any qualified financial 
            contract, the conservator or receiver shall notify any 
            person who is a party to any such contract of such transfer 
            by 5:00 p.m. (eastern time) on the business day following 
            the date of the appointment of the receiver in the case of 
            a receivership, or the business day following such transfer 
            in the case of a conservatorship.
            ``(C) Certain rights not enforceable.--
                ``(i) Receivership.--A person who is a party to a 
            qualified financial contract with a System institution may 
            not exercise any right that such person has to terminate, 
            liquidate, or net such contract under paragraph (8)(B) of 
            this subsection, solely by reason of or incidental to the 
            appointment of a receiver for the System institution (or 
            the insolvency or financial condition of the System 
            institution for which the receiver has been appointed)--

                    ``(I) until 5:00 p.m. (eastern time) on the 
                business day following the date of the appointment of 
                the receiver; or
                    ``(II) after the person has received notice that 
                the contract has been transferred pursuant to paragraph 
                (9)(B).

                ``(ii) Conservatorship.--A person who is a party to a 
            qualified financial contract with a System institution may 
            not exercise any right that such person has to terminate, 
            liquidate, or net such contract under paragraph (8)(E) of 
            this subsection, solely by reason of or incidental to the 
            appointment of a conservator for the System institution (or 
            the insolvency or financial condition of the System 
            institution for which the conservator has been appointed).
                ``(iii) Notice.--For purposes of this paragraph, the 
            Corporation as receiver or conservator of a System 
            institution shall be deemed to have notified a person who 
            is a party to a qualified financial contract with such 
            System institution if the Corporation has taken steps 
            reasonably calculated to provide notice to such person by 
            the time specified in subparagraph (B).
            ``(D) Treatment of bridge system institutions.--The 
        following System institutions shall not be considered to be a 
        financial institution for which a conservator, receiver, 
        trustee in bankruptcy, or other legal custodian has been 
        appointed or which is otherwise the subject of a bankruptcy or 
        insolvency proceeding for purposes of paragraph (9):
                ``(i) A bridge System bank.
                ``(ii) A System institution organized by the 
            Corporation or the Farm Credit Administration, for which a 
            conservator is appointed either--

                    ``(I) immediately upon the organization of the 
                System institution; or
                    ``(II) at the time of a purchase and assumption 
                transaction between the System institution and the 
                Corporation as receiver for a System institution in 
                default.

        ``(11) Disaffirmance or repudiation of qualified financial 
    contracts.--In exercising the rights of disaffirmance or 
    repudiation of a conservator or receiver with respect to any 
    qualified financial contract to which a System institution is a 
    party, the conservator or receiver for such System institution 
    shall either--
            ``(A) disaffirm or repudiate all qualified financial 
        contracts between--
                ``(i) any person or any affiliate of such person; and
                ``(ii) the System institution in default; or
            ``(B) disaffirm or repudiate none of the qualified 
        financial contracts referred to in subparagraph (A) (with 
        respect to such person or any affiliate of such person).
        ``(12) Certain security interests not avoidable.--No provision 
    of this subsection shall be construed as permitting the avoidance 
    of any legally enforceable or perfected security interest in any of 
    the assets of any System institution except where such an interest 
    is taken in contemplation of the System institution's insolvency or 
    with the intent to hinder, delay, or defraud the System institution 
    or the creditors of such System institution.
        ``(13) Authority to enforce contracts.--
            ``(A) In general.--The conservator or receiver may enforce 
        any contract, other than a director's or officer's liability 
        insurance contract or a System institution bond, entered into 
        by the System institution notwithstanding any provision of the 
        contract providing for termination, default, acceleration, or 
        exercise of rights upon, or solely by reason of, insolvency or 
        the appointment of or the exercise of rights or powers by a 
        conservator or receiver.
            ``(B) Certain rights not affected.--No provision of this 
        paragraph may be construed as impairing or affecting any right 
        of the conservator or receiver to enforce or recover under a 
        director's or officer's liability insurance contract or 
        institution bond under other applicable law.
            ``(C) Consent requirement.--
                ``(i) In general.--Except as otherwise provided by this 
            section, no person may exercise any right or power to 
            terminate, accelerate, or declare a default under any 
            contract to which the System institution is a party, or to 
            obtain possession of or exercise control over any property 
            of the System institution or affect any contractual rights 
            of the System institution, without the consent of the 
            conservator or receiver, as appropriate, during the 45-day 
            period beginning on the date of the appointment of the 
            conservator, or during the 90-day period beginning on the 
            date of the appointment of the receiver, as applicable.
                ``(ii) Certain exceptions.--No provision of this 
            subparagraph shall apply to a director or officer liability 
            insurance contract or an institution bond, to the rights of 
            parties to certain qualified financial contracts pursuant 
            to paragraph (8), or shall be construed as permitting the 
            conservator or receiver to fail to comply with otherwise 
            enforceable provisions of such contract.
        ``(14) Exception for federal reserve and the united states 
    treasury.--No provision of this subsection shall apply with respect 
    to--
            ``(A) any extension of credit from any Federal Reserve bank 
        or the United States Treasury to any System institution; or
            ``(B) any security interest in the assets of the System 
        institution securing any such extension of credit.
        ``(15) Savings clause.--The meanings of terms used in this 
    subsection--
            ``(A) are applicable for purposes of this subsection only; 
        and
            ``(B) shall not be construed or applied so as to challenge 
        or affect the characterization, definition, or treatment of any 
        similar terms under any other law, regulation, or rule, 
        including--
                ``(i) the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (12 U.S.C. 1811 note; 
            Public Law 106-102);
                ``(ii) the Legal Certainty for Bank Products Act of 
            2000 (7 U.S.C. 27 et seq.);
                ``(iii) the securities laws (as that term is defined in 
            section 3(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 
            U.S.C. 78c(a))); and
                ``(iv) the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).
    ``(d) Valuation of Claims in Default.--
        ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
    Federal law or the law of any State and regardless of the method 
    which the Corporation determines to utilize with respect to a 
    System institution in default or in danger of default, including 
    transactions authorized under subsection (h) and section 5.61(a), 
    this subsection shall govern the rights of the creditors of such 
    System institution.
        ``(2) Maximum liability.--The maximum liability of the 
    Corporation, acting as receiver or in any other capacity, to any 
    person having a claim against the receiver or the System 
    institution for which such receiver is appointed shall equal the 
    amount such claimant would have received if the Corporation had 
    liquidated the assets and liabilities of such System institution 
    without exercising the Corporation's authority under subsection (h) 
    or section 5.61(a).
        ``(3) Additional payments authorized.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Corporation may, in its discretion 
        and in the interests of minimizing its losses, use its own 
        resources to make additional payments or credit additional 
        amounts to or with respect to or for the account of any 
        claimant or category of claimants. Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of Federal or State law, or the constitution of any 
        State, the Corporation shall not be obligated, as a result of 
        having made any such payment or credited any such amount to or 
        with respect to or for the account of any claimant or category 
        of claimants, to make payments to any other claimant or 
        category of claimants.
            ``(B) Manner of payment.--The Corporation may make the 
        payments or credit the amounts specified in subparagraph (A) 
        directly to the claimants or may make such payments or credit 
        such amounts to an open System institution to induce such 
        System institution to accept liability for such claims.
    ``(e) Limitation on Court Action.--Except as provided in this 
section, no court may take any action, except at the written request of 
the Board of Directors, to restrain or affect the exercise of powers or 
functions of the Corporation as a conservator or a receiver.
    ``(f) Liability of Directors and Officers.--
        ``(1) In general.--A director or officer of a System 
    institution may be held personally liable for monetary damages in 
    any civil action--
            ``(A) brought by, on behalf of, or at the request or 
        direction of the Corporation;
            ``(B) prosecuted wholly or partially for the benefit of the 
        Corporation--
                ``(i) acting as conservator or receiver of that System 
            institution;
                ``(ii) acting based on a suit, claim, or cause of 
            action purchased from, assigned by, or otherwise conveyed 
            by that receiver or conservator; or
                ``(iii) acting based on a suit, claim, or cause of 
            action purchased from, assigned by, or otherwise conveyed 
            in whole or in part by a System institution or an affiliate 
            of a System institution in connection with assistance 
            provided under section 5.61(a); and
            ``(C) for, as determined under the applicable State law--
                ``(i) gross negligence; or
                ``(ii) any similar conduct, including conduct that 
            demonstrates a greater disregard of a duty of care than 
            gross negligence, such as intentional tortious conduct.
        ``(2) Effect.--Nothing in paragraph (1) impairs or affects any 
    right of the Corporation under any other applicable law.
    ``(g) Damages.--In any proceeding related to any claim against a 
System institution's director, officer, employee, agent, attorney, 
accountant, appraiser, or any other party employed by or providing 
services to a System institution, recoverable damages determined to 
result from the improvident or otherwise improper use or investment of 
any System institution's assets shall include principal losses and 
appropriate interest.
    ``(h) Bridge Farm Credit System Banks.--
        ``(1) Organization.--
            ``(A) Purpose.--
                ``(i) In general.--When 1 or more System banks are in 
            default, or when the Corporation anticipates that 1 or more 
            System banks may become in default, the Corporation may, in 
            its discretion, organize, and the Farm Credit 
            Administration may, in its discretion, charter, 1 or more 
            System banks, with the powers and attributes of System 
            banks, subject to the provisions of this subsection, to be 
            referred to as `bridge System banks'.
                ``(ii) Intent of congress.--It is the intent of the 
            Congress that, in order to prevent unnecessary hardship or 
            losses to the customers of any System bank in default with 
            respect to which a bridge System bank is chartered, the 
            Corporation should--

                    ``(I) continue to honor commitments made by the 
                System bank in default to creditworthy customers; and
                    ``(II) not interrupt or terminate adequately 
                secured loans which are transferred under this 
                subsection and are being repaid by the debtor in 
                accordance with the terms of the loan instrument.

            ``(B) Authorities.--Once chartered by the Farm Credit 
        Administration, the bridge System bank may--
                ``(i) assume such liabilities of the System bank or 
            banks in default or in danger of default as the Corporation 
            may, in its discretion, determine to be appropriate;
                ``(ii) purchase such assets of the System bank or banks 
            in default or in danger of default as the Corporation may, 
            in its discretion, determine to be appropriate; and
                ``(iii) perform any other temporary function which the 
            Corporation may, in its discretion, prescribe in accordance 
            with this Act.
            ``(C) Articles of association.--The articles of association 
        and organization certificate of a bridge System bank as 
        approved by the Corporation shall be executed by 3 
        representatives designated by the Corporation.
            ``(D) Interim directors.--A bridge System bank shall have 
        an interim board of directors consisting of not fewer than 5 
        nor more than 10 members appointed by the Corporation.
        ``(2) Chartering.--
            ``(A) Conditions.--The Farm Credit Administration may 
        charter a bridge System bank only if the Board of Directors 
        determines that--
                ``(i) the amount which is reasonably necessary to 
            operate such bridge System bank will not exceed the amount 
            which is reasonably necessary to save the cost of 
            liquidating 1 or more System banks in default or in danger 
            of default with respect to which the bridge System bank is 
            chartered;
                ``(ii) the continued operation of such System bank or 
            banks in default or in danger of default with respect to 
            which the bridge System bank is chartered is essential to 
            provide adequate farm credit services in the 1 or more 
            communities where each such System bank in default or in 
            danger of default is or was providing those farm credit 
            services; or
                ``(iii) the continued operation of such System bank or 
            banks in default or in danger of default with respect to 
            which the bridge System bank is chartered is in the best 
            interest of the Farm Credit System or the public.
            ``(B) Bridge system bank treated as being in default for 
        certain purposes.--A bridge System bank shall be treated as 
        being in default at such times and for such purposes as the 
        Corporation may, in its discretion, determine.
            ``(C) Management.--A bridge System bank, upon the granting 
        of its charter, shall be under the management of a board of 
        directors consisting of not fewer than 5 nor more than 10 
        members appointed by the Corporation, in consultation with the 
        Farm Credit Administration.
            ``(D) Bylaws.--The board of directors of a bridge System 
        bank shall adopt such bylaws as may be approved by the 
        Corporation.
        ``(3) Transfer of assets and liabilities.--
            ``(A) Transfer upon grant of charter.--Upon the granting of 
        a charter to a bridge System bank pursuant to this subsection, 
        the Corporation, as receiver, may transfer any assets and 
        liabilities of the System bank to the bridge System bank in 
        accordance with paragraph (1).
            ``(B) Subsequent transfers.--At any time after a charter is 
        granted to a bridge System bank, the Corporation, as receiver, 
        may transfer any assets and liabilities of such System bank in 
        default as the Corporation may, in its discretion, determine to 
        be appropriate in accordance with paragraph (1).
            ``(C) Effective without approval.--The transfer of any 
        assets or liabilities of a System bank in default or danger of 
        default transferred to a bridge System bank shall be effective 
        without any further approval under Federal or State law, 
        assignment, or consent with respect thereto.
        ``(4) Powers of bridge system banks.--Each bridge System bank 
    chartered under this subsection shall, to the extent described in 
    the charter of the System bank in default with respect to which the 
    bridge System bank is chartered, have all corporate powers of, and 
    be subject to the same provisions of law as, any System bank, 
    except that--
            ``(A) the Corporation may--
                ``(i) remove the interim directors and directors of a 
            bridge System bank;
                ``(ii) fix the compensation of members of the interim 
            board of directors and the board of directors and senior 
            management, as determined by the Corporation in its 
            discretion, of a bridge System bank; and
                ``(iii) waive any requirement established under Federal 
            or State law which would otherwise be applicable with 
            respect to directors of a bridge System bank, on the 
            condition that the waiver of any requirement established by 
            the Farm Credit Administration shall require the 
            concurrence of the Farm Credit Administration;
            ``(B) the Corporation may indemnify the representatives for 
        purposes of paragraph (1)(B) and the interim directors, 
        directors, officers, employees, and agents of a bridge System 
        bank on such terms as the Corporation determines to be 
        appropriate;
            ``(C) no requirement under any provision of law relating to 
        the capital of a System institution shall apply with respect to 
        a bridge System bank;
            ``(D) the Farm Credit Administration Board may establish a 
        limitation on the extent to which any person may become 
        indebted to a bridge System bank without regard to the amount 
        of the bridge System bank's capital or surplus;
            ``(E)(i) the board of directors of a bridge System bank 
        shall elect a chairperson who may also serve in the position of 
        chief executive officer, except that such person shall not 
        serve either as chairperson or as chief executive officer 
        without the prior approval of the Corporation; and
            ``(ii) the board of directors of a bridge System bank may 
        appoint a chief executive officer who is not also the 
        chairperson, except that such person shall not serve as chief 
        executive officer without the prior approval of the 
        Corporation;
            ``(F) the Farm Credit Administration may waive any 
        requirement for a fidelity bond with respect to a bridge System 
        bank at the request of the Corporation;
            ``(G) any judicial action to which a bridge System bank 
        becomes a party by virtue of its acquisition of any assets or 
        assumption of any liabilities of a System bank in default shall 
        be stayed from further proceedings for a period of up to 45 
        days at the request of the bridge System bank;
            ``(H) no agreement which tends to diminish or defeat the 
        right, title or interest of a bridge System bank in any asset 
        of a System bank in default acquired by it shall be valid 
        against the bridge System bank unless such agreement--
                ``(i) is in writing;
                ``(ii) was executed by such System bank in default and 
            the person or persons claiming an adverse interest 
            thereunder, including the obligor, contemporaneously with 
            the acquisition of the asset by such System bank in 
            default;
                ``(iii) was approved by the board of directors of such 
            System bank in default or its loan committee, which 
            approval shall be reflected in the minutes of said board or 
            committee; and
                ``(iv) has been, continuously from the time of its 
            execution, an official record of such System bank in 
            default;
            ``(I) notwithstanding subsection 5.61(d)(2), any agreement 
        relating to an extension of credit between a System bank, 
        Federal Reserve bank, or the United States Treasury and any 
        System institution which was executed before the extension of 
        credit by such lender to such System institution shall be 
        treated as having been executed contemporaneously with such 
        extension of credit for purposes of subparagraph (H); and
            ``(J) except with the prior approval of the Corporation and 
        the concurrence of the Farm Credit Administration, a bridge 
        System bank may not, in any transaction or series of 
        transactions, issue capital stock or be a party to any merger, 
        consolidation, disposition of substantially all of the assets 
        or liabilities of the bridge System bank, sale or exchange of 
        capital stock, or similar transaction, or change its charter.
        ``(5) Capital.--
            ``(A) No capital required.--The Corporation shall not be 
        required to--
                ``(i) issue any capital stock on behalf of a bridge 
            System bank chartered under this subsection; or
                ``(ii) purchase any capital stock of a bridge System 
            bank, except that notwithstanding any other provision of 
            Federal or State law, the Corporation may purchase and 
            retain capital stock of a bridge System bank in such 
            amounts and on such terms as the Corporation, in its 
            discretion, determines to be appropriate.
            ``(B) Operating funds in lieu of capital.--Upon the 
        organization of a bridge System bank, and thereafter, as the 
        Corporation may, in its discretion, determine to be necessary 
        or advisable, the Corporation may make available to the bridge 
        System bank, upon such terms and conditions and in such form 
        and amounts as the Corporation may in its discretion determine, 
        funds for the operation of the bridge System bank in lieu of 
        capital.
            ``(C) Authority to issue capital stock.--Whenever the Farm 
        Credit Administration Board determines it is advisable to do 
        so, the Corporation shall cause capital stock of a bridge 
        System bank to be issued and offered for sale in such amounts 
        and on such terms and conditions as the Corporation may, in its 
        discretion, determine.
        ``(6) Employee status.--Representatives for purposes of 
    paragraph (1)(C), interim directors, directors, officers, 
    employees, or agents of a bridge System bank are not, solely by 
    virtue of service in any such capacity, officers or employees of 
    the United States. Any employee of the Corporation, the Farm Credit 
    Administration, or any Federal instrumentality who serves at the 
    request of the Corporation as a representative for purposes of 
    paragraph (1)(C), interim director, director, officer, employee, or 
    agent of a bridge System bank shall not--
            ``(A) solely by virtue of service in any such capacity lose 
        any existing status as an officer or employee of the United 
        States for purposes of any provision of law; or
            ``(B) receive any salary or benefits for service in any 
        such capacity with respect to a bridge System bank in addition 
        to such salary or benefits as are obtained through employment 
        with the Corporation or such Federal instrumentality.
        ``(7) Assistance authorized.--The Corporation may, in its 
    discretion, provide assistance under section 5.61(a) to facilitate 
    any merger or consolidation of a bridge System bank in the same 
    manner and to the same extent as such assistance may be provided to 
    a qualifying insured System bank (as defined in section 
    5.61(a)(2)(B)) or to facilitate a bridge System bank's acquisition 
    of any assets or the assumption of any liabilities of a System bank 
    in default or in danger of default.
        ``(8) Duration of bridge system banks.--Subject to paragraphs 
    (10) and (11), the status of a bridge System bank as such shall 
    terminate at the end of the 2-year period following the date it was 
    granted a charter. The Farm Credit Administration Board may, in its 
    discretion, extend the status of the bridge System bank as such for 
    3 additional 1-year periods.
        ``(9) Termination of bridge system banks status.--The status of 
    any bridge System bank as such shall terminate upon the earliest 
    of--
            ``(A) the merger or consolidation of the bridge System bank 
        with a System institution that is not a bridge System bank, on 
        the condition that the merger or consolidation shall be subject 
        to the approval of the Farm Credit Administration;
            ``(B) at the election of the Corporation and with the 
        approval of the Farm Credit Administration, the sale of a 
        majority or all of the capital stock of the bridge System bank 
        to a System institution or another bridge System bank;
            ``(C) at the election of the Corporation, and with the 
        approval of the Farm Credit Administration, either the 
        assumption of all or substantially all of the liabilities of 
        the bridge System bank, or the acquisition of all or 
        substantially all of the assets of the bridge System bank, by a 
        System institution that is not a bridge System bank or other 
        entity as permitted under applicable law; and
            ``(D) the expiration of the period provided in paragraph 
        (8), or the earlier dissolution of the bridge System bank as 
        provided in paragraph (11).
        ``(10) Effect of termination events.--
            ``(A) Merger or consolidation.--A bridge System bank that 
        participates in a merger or consolidation as provided in 
        paragraph (9)(A) shall be for all purposes a System 
        institution, with all the rights, powers, and privileges 
        thereof, and such merger or consolidation shall be conducted in 
        accordance with, and shall have the effect provided in, the 
        provisions of applicable law.
            ``(B) Charter conversion.--Following the sale of a majority 
        or all of the capital stock of the bridge System bank as 
        provided in paragraph (9)(B), the Farm Credit Administration 
        Board may amend the charter of the bridge System bank to 
        reflect the termination of the status of the bridge System bank 
        as such, whereupon the System bank shall remain a System bank, 
        with all of the rights, powers, and privileges thereof, subject 
        to all laws and regulations applicable thereto.
            ``(C) Assumption of liabilities and sale of assets.--
        Following the assumption of all or substantially all of the 
        liabilities of the bridge System bank, or the sale of all or 
        substantially all of the assets of the bridge System bank, as 
        provided in paragraph (9)(C), at the election of the 
        Corporation, the bridge System bank may retain its status as 
        such for the period provided in paragraph (8).
            ``(D) Amendments to charter.--Following the consummation of 
        a transaction described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of 
        paragraph (9), the charter of the resulting System institution 
        shall be amended by the Farm Credit Administration to reflect 
        the termination of bridge System bank status, if appropriate.
        ``(11) Dissolution of bridge system bank.--
            ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        State or Federal law, if the bridge System bank's status as 
        such has not previously been terminated by the occurrence of an 
        event specified in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph 
        (9)--
                ``(i) the Corporation, after consultation with the Farm 
            Credit Administration, may, in its discretion, dissolve a 
            bridge System bank in accordance with this paragraph at any 
            time; and
                ``(ii) the Corporation, after consultation with the 
            Farm Credit Administration, shall promptly commence 
            dissolution proceedings in accordance with this paragraph 
            upon the expiration of the 2-year period following the date 
            the bridge System bank was chartered, or any extension 
            thereof, as provided in paragraph (8).
            ``(B) Procedures.--The Farm Credit Administration Board 
        shall appoint the Corporation as receiver for a bridge System 
        bank upon determining to dissolve the bridge System bank. The 
        Corporation as such receiver shall wind up the affairs of the 
        bridge System bank in conformity with the provisions of law 
        relating to the liquidation of closed System banks. With 
        respect to any such bridge System bank, the Corporation as such 
        receiver shall have all the rights, powers, and privileges and 
        shall perform the duties related to the exercise of such 
        rights, powers, or privileges granted by law to a receiver of 
        any insured System bank and, notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law in the exercise of such rights, powers, and 
        privileges, the Corporation shall not be subject to the 
        direction or supervision of any State agency or other Federal 
        agency.
        ``(12) Multiple bridge system banks.--The Corporation may, in 
    the Corporation's discretion, organize, and the Farm Credit 
    Administration may, in its discretion, charter, 2 or more bridge 
    System banks under this subsection to assume any liabilities and 
    purchase any assets of a single System institution in default.
    ``(i) Certain Sales of Assets Prohibited.--
        ``(1) Persons who engaged in improper conduct with, or caused 
    losses to, system institutions.--The Corporation shall prescribe 
    regulations which, at a minimum, shall prohibit the sale of assets 
    of a failed System institution by the Corporation to--
            ``(A) any person who--
                ``(i) has defaulted, or was a member of a partnership 
            or an officer or director of a corporation that has 
            defaulted, on 1 or more obligations the aggregate amount of 
            which exceed $1,000,000, to such failed System institution;
                ``(ii) has been found to have engaged in fraudulent 
            activity in connection with any obligation referred to in 
            clause (i); and
                ``(iii) proposes to purchase any such asset in whole or 
            in part through the use of the proceeds of a loan or 
            advance of credit from the Corporation or from any System 
            institution for which the Corporation has been appointed as 
            conservator or receiver;
            ``(B) any person who participated, as an officer or 
        director of such failed System institution or of any affiliate 
        of such System institution, in a material way in transactions 
        that resulted in a substantial loss to such failed System 
        institution;
            ``(C) any person who has been removed from, or prohibited 
        from participating in the affairs of, such failed System 
        institution pursuant to any final enforcement action by the 
        Farm Credit Administration;
            ``(D) any person who has demonstrated a pattern or practice 
        of defalcation regarding obligations to such failed System 
        institution; or
            ``(E) any person who is in default on any loan or other 
        extension of credit from such failed System institution which, 
        if not paid, will cause substantial loss to the System 
        institution or the Corporation.
        ``(2) Defaulted debtors.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), 
    any person who is in default on any loan or other extension of 
    credit from the System institution, which, if not paid, will cause 
    substantial loss to the System institution or the Corporation, may 
    not purchase any asset from the conservator or receiver.
        ``(3) Settlement of claims.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to 
    the sale or transfer by the Corporation of any asset of any System 
    institution to any person if the sale or transfer of the asset 
    resolves or settles, or is part of the resolution or settlement, 
    of--
            ``(A) 1 or more claims that have been, or could have been, 
        asserted by the Corporation against the person; or
            ``(B) obligations owed by the person to any System 
        institution, or the Corporation.
        ``(4) Definition of default.--For purposes of this subsection, 
    the term `default' means a failure to comply with the terms of a 
    loan or other obligation to such an extent that the property 
    securing the obligation is foreclosed upon.
    ``(j) Expedited Procedures for Certain Claims.--
        ``(1) Time for filing notice of appeal.--The notice of appeal 
    of any order, whether interlocutory or final, entered in any case 
    brought by the Corporation against a System institution's director, 
    officer, employee, agent, attorney, accountant, or appraiser or any 
    other person employed by or providing services to a System 
    institution shall be filed not later than 30 days after the date of 
    entry of the order. The hearing of the appeal shall be held not 
    later than 120 days after the date of the notice of appeal. The 
    appeal shall be decided not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the notice of appeal.
        ``(2) Scheduling.--A court of the United States shall expedite 
    the consideration of any case brought by the Corporation against a 
    System institution's director, officer, employee, agent, attorney, 
    accountant, or appraiser or any other person employed by or 
    providing services to a System institution. As far as practicable 
    the court shall give such case priority on its docket.
        ``(3) Judicial discretion.--The court may modify the schedule 
    and limitations stated in paragraphs (1) and (2) in a particular 
    case, based on a specific finding that the ends of justice that 
    would be served by making such a modification would outweigh the 
    best interest of the public in having the case resolved 
    expeditiously.
    ``(k) Bond Not Required; Agents; Fee.--The Corporation as 
conservator or receiver of a System institution shall not be required 
to furnish bond and may appoint an agent or agents to assist in its 
duties as such conservator or receiver. All fees, compensation, and 
expenses of liquidation and administration shall be fixed by the 
Corporation and may be paid by it out of funds coming into its 
possession as such conservator or receiver.
    ``(l) Consultation Regarding Conservatorships and Receiverships.--
To the extent practicable--
        ``(1) the Farm Credit Administration shall consult with the 
    Corporation prior to taking a preresolution action concerning a 
    System institution that may result in a conservatorship or 
    receivership; and
        ``(2) the Corporation, acting in the capacity of the 
    Corporation as a conservator or receiver, shall consult with the 
    Farm Credit Administration prior to taking any significant action 
    impacting System institutions or service to System borrowers.
    ``(m) Applicability.--This section shall become applicable with 
respect to the power of the Corporation to act as a conservator or 
receiver on the date on which the Farm Credit Administration appoints 
the Corporation as a conservator or receiver under section 4.12 or 
8.41.''.
SEC. 5413. REPORTING.
    (a) Definition of Farm Loan.--In this section, the term ``farm 
loan'' means--
        (1) a farm ownership loan under subtitle A of the Consolidated 
    Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1922 et seq.); and
        (2) an operating loan under subtitle B of that Act (7 U.S.C. 
    1941 et seq.).
    (b) Reports.--
        (1) Preparation.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
    prepare a report that includes--
            (A) aggregate data based on a review of each outstanding 
        farm loan made or guaranteed by the Secretary describing, for 
        the United States and for each State and county in the United 
        States--
                (i) the age of the recipient producer;
                (ii) the duration that the recipient producer has 
            engaged in agricultural production;
                (iii) the size of the farm or ranch of the recipient 
            producer;
                (iv) the race, ethnicity, and gender of the recipient 
            producer;
                (v) the agricultural commodity or commodities, or type 
            of enterprise, for which the loan was secured;
                (vi) the amount of the farm loan made or guaranteed;
                (vii) the type of the farm loan made or guaranteed; and
                (viii) the default rate of the farm loan made or 
            guaranteed;
            (B) for each State and county in the United States, data 
        demonstrating the number of outstanding farm loans made or 
        guaranteed, according to loan size cohort; and
            (C) an assessment of actual loans made or guaranteed as 
        measured against target participation rates for beginning and 
        socially disadvantaged farmers, broken down by State, as 
        described in sections 346(b)(2) and 355 of the Consolidated 
        Farm and Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1994(b)(2), 2003).
        (2) Submission of report.--The report described in paragraph 
    (1) shall be--
            (A) submitted--
                (i) to--

                    (I) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
                Representatives;
                    (II) the Committee on Appropriations of the House 
                of Representatives;
                    (III) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
                Forestry of the Senate; and
                    (IV) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; 
                and

                (ii) not later than December 30, 2019, and annually 
            thereafter; and
            (B) made publicly available not later than 90 days after 
        the date described in subparagraph (A)(ii).
    (c) Comprehensive Review.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 4 years after the date of 
    enactment of this Act (and every 5 years thereafter), the Secretary 
    shall--
            (A) prepare a comprehensive review of all reports submitted 
        under subsection (b)(2);
            (B) identify trends within data outlined in subsection 
        (b)(1), including the extent to which target annual 
        participation rates for beginning and socially disadvantaged 
        farmers (as defined by the Secretary) are being met for each 
        loan type; and
            (C) provide specific actions the Department will take to 
        improve the performance of direct and guaranteed loans with 
        respect to underserved producers and any recommendations the 
        Secretary may make for further congressional action.
        (2) Submission of comprehensive review.--The comprehensive 
    review described in paragraph (1) shall be--
            (A) submitted to--
                (i) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
            Representatives;
                (ii) the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
            Representatives;
                (iii) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
            Forestry of the Senate; and
                (iv) the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
            (B) made publicly available not later than 90 days after 
        the date of submission under subparagraph (A).
    (d) Privacy.--In preparing any report or review under this section, 
the Secretary shall aggregate or de-identify the data in a manner 
sufficient to ensure that the identity of a recipient producer 
associated with the data cannot be ascertained.
SEC. 5414. STUDY ON LOAN RISK.
    (a) Study.--The Farm Credit Administration shall conduct a study 
that--
        (1) analyzes and compares the financial risks inherent in loans 
    made, held, securitized, or purchased by Farm Credit banks, 
    associations, and the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation and 
    how such risks are required to be capitalized under statute and 
    regulations in effect as of the date of the enactment of this Act; 
    and
        (2) assesses the feasibility of increasing the acreage 
    exception provided in section 8.8(c)(2) of the Farm Credit Act of 
    1971 to 2,000 acres.
    (b) Timeline.--The Farm Credit Administration shall provide the 
results of the study required by subsection (a) to the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate no later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 5415. GAO REPORT ON ABILITY OF THE FARM CREDIT SYSTEM TO MEET THE 
AGRICULTURAL CREDIT NEEDS OF INDIAN TRIBES AND THEIR MEMBERS.
    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall--
        (1) study the agricultural credit needs of farms, ranches, and 
    related agricultural businesses that are owned or operated by--
            (A) Indian tribes on tribal lands; or
            (B) enrolled members of Indian tribes on Indian allotments; 
        and
        (2) determine whether the institutions of the Farm Credit 
    System have sufficient authority and resources to meet the needs.
    (b) Definition of Indian Tribe.--In subsection (a), the term 
``Indian tribe'' means an Indian tribal entity that is eligible for 
funding and services from the Bureau of Indian Affairs by virtue of the 
status of the entity as an Indian tribe.
    (c) Report to the Congress.--Within 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall prepare and submit to the Committees on Agriculture and on 
Natural Resources of the House of Representatives a written report that 
contains the findings of the study conducted under subsection (a). If 
the Comptroller General finds that the institutions of the Farm Credit 
System do not have sufficient authority or resources to meet the needs 
referred to in subsection (a), the report shall include such 
legislative and other recommendations as the Comptroller General 
determines would result in a system under which the needs are met in an 
equitable and effective manner.
SEC. 5416. GAO REPORT ON CREDIT SERVICE TO SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED 
FARMERS AND RANCHERS.
    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Agricultural credit provider.--The term ``agricultural 
    credit provider'' means--
            (A) a Farm Credit System institution;
            (B) a commercial bank;
            (C) the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation;
            (D) a life insurance company; and
            (E) any other individual or entity, as determined by the 
        Comptroller General of the United States.
        (2) Socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher.--The term 
    ``socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher'' has the meaning given 
    the term in section 355(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
    Development Act (7 U.S.C. 2003(e)).
    (b) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall--
        (1) conduct a study--
            (A) to assess the credit and related services provided by 
        agricultural credit providers to socially disadvantaged farmers 
        and ranchers;
            (B) to review the overall participation of socially 
        disadvantaged farmers and ranchers in the services described in 
        subparagraph (A); and
            (C) to identify barriers that limit the availability of 
        agricultural credit to socially disadvantaged farmers and 
        ranchers; and
        (2) provide recommendations on how agricultural credit 
    providers may improve outreach to socially disadvantaged farmers 
    and ranchers relating to the availability of credit and related 
    services.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall prepare 
and submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
Forestry of the Senate a report that contains the findings of the study 
conducted under subsection (b)(1) and the recommendations described in 
subsection (b)(2).

                      TITLE VI--RURAL DEVELOPMENT
         Subtitle A--Improving Health Outcomes in Rural America

SEC. 6101. COMBATING SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER IN RURAL AMERICA; 
PRIORITIZATIONS.
    (a) Combating Substance Use Disorder in Rural America.--
        (1) Prioritizations.--The Secretary shall make the following 
    prioritizations and set asides for fiscal years 2019 through 2025:
            (A) Distance learning and telemedicine.--
                (i) Substance use disorder set-aside.--Subject to 
            clause (ii), the Secretary shall make available not less 
            than 20 percent of amounts made available under section 
            2335A of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act 
            of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-2) for financial assistance under 
            chapter 1 of subtitle D of title XXIII of such Act for 
            telemedicine projects that provide substance use disorder 
            treatment services.
                (ii) Exception.--In the case of a fiscal year for which 
            the Secretary determines that there are not sufficient 
            qualified applicants to receive financial assistance for 
            projects providing substance use disorder treatment 
            services to reach the 20-percent requirement under clause 
            (i), the Secretary may make available less than 20 percent 
            of amounts made available under such section 2335A for 
            those services.
            (B) Community facilities direct loans and grants.--
                (i) Substance use disorder selection priority.--In 
            selecting recipients of direct loans or grants for the 
            development of essential community facilities under section 
            306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
            (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)), the Secretary shall give priority to 
            entities eligible for those direct loans or grants--

                    (I) to develop facilities to provide substance use 
                disorder (including opioid substance use disorder)--

                        (aa) prevention services;
                        (bb) treatment services;
                        (cc) recovery services; or
                        (dd) any combination of those services; and

                    (II) that employ staff that have appropriate 
                expertise and training in how to identify and treat 
                individuals with substance use disorders.

                (ii) Use of funds.--An eligible entity described in 
            clause (i) that receives a direct loan or grant described 
            in that clause may use the direct loan or grant funds for 
            the development of telehealth facilities and systems to 
            provide telehealth services for substance use disorder 
            treatment.
            (C) Rural health and safety education programs; substance 
        use disorder selection priority.--In making grants under 
        section 502(i) of the Rural Development Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 
        2662(i)), the Secretary shall give priority to an applicant 
        that will use the grant for substance use disorder education 
        and treatment and the prevention of substance use disorder.
        (2) Limitation on other reprioritizations.--For fiscal years 
    2019 through 2025, the Secretary shall not make any national 
    reprioritizations within the Rural Health and Safety Education 
    Programs, the Community Facilities direct loan and grant programs, 
    or the Distance Learning and Telemedicine programs under section 
    608 of the Rural Development Act of 1972.
        (3) Technical amendments.--Title V of the Rural Development Act 
    of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 2661 et seq.) is amended--
            (A) in section 502, in the matter preceding subsection (a), 
        by inserting ``(referred to in this title as the `Secretary')'' 
        after ``Agriculture''; and
            (B) by striking ``Secretary of Agriculture'' each place it 
        appears (other than in section 502 in the matter preceding 
        subsection (a)) and inserting ``Secretary''.
    (b) Temporary Prioritization of Rural Health Assistance.--Title VI 
of the Rural Development Act of 1972 (7 U.S.C. 2204a-2204b) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 608. TEMPORARY PRIORITIZATION OF RURAL HEALTH ASSISTANCE.
    ``(a) Authority to Temporarily Prioritize Certain Rural Development 
Applications.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
Secretary, after consultation with such public health officials as may 
be necessary, may announce through a Federal Register notice pursuant 
to section 553(b)(3)(B) of title 5, United States Code, a temporary 
reprioritization, on a national or multistate basis, for certain rural 
development loan and grant applications to assist rural communities in 
responding to a significant public health disruption.
    ``(b) Public Health Disruption.--For the purposes of this section, 
the term `public health disruption' means an unanticipated increase in 
mortality or morbidity in rural communities, when compared to non-rural 
communities, caused by identifiable events, actions, or behavioral 
trends, which can be remediated by the programs of the Rural 
Development mission area. When measuring a public health disruption, 
the Secretary may analyze data on a national or multi-state basis.
    ``(c) Content of Announcement.--In the announcement, the Secretary 
shall--
        ``(1) describe the nature of the public health disruption, 
    including the causes, effects, affected populations, and affected 
    States;
        ``(2) explain how the programs of the Department of Agriculture 
    will work in remedying the public health disruption;
        ``(3) identify the services, treatments, or infrastructure best 
    suited to address the public health disruption;
        ``(4) establish--
            ``(A) the start and end dates of the reprioritization;
            ``(B) the programs subject to reprioritization and the 
        modifications to the application process;
            ``(C) the process for making reprioritizations for 
        applicable programs;
            ``(D) the amount of funds set-aside for applicable 
        programs, except that a set-aside for such a program shall not 
        be greater than 20 percent of the amounts appropriated for the 
        program for the fiscal year involved; and
            ``(E) the region in which the reprioritization is in 
        effect; and
        ``(5) instruct program administrators to implement the 
    reprioritization during the application window or announcement 
    after the announcement takes effect.
    ``(d) Limitations on Reprioritizations.--When announcing the 
reprioritization, the Secretary shall--
        ``(1) establish an initial total time period of less than 4 
    years, except as provided for in subsection (e);
        ``(2) implement only 1 nationally applicable reprioritization 
    at a time;
        ``(3) implement only 1 regionally applicable reprioritization 
    per State at a time; and
        ``(4) not use reprioritizations to allocate additional funds to 
    an affected State.
    ``(e) Extension.--The Secretary may extend an announcement under 
subsection (a) for no more than 6 years in total, except that nothing 
shall prevent the Secretary from renewing reprioritizations by making a 
new announcement under subsection (a).
    ``(f) Rescinding the Announcement.--The Secretary may rescind a 
reprioritization announcement made under subsection (a) at any time the 
Secretary determines that the temporary reprioritizations are no longer 
needed or effective.
    ``(g) Notice.--Not later than 48 hours after making, extending, or 
rescinding an announcement under this section, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the 
Senate, and transmit to the Secretary of Health and Human Services, a 
written notice of the declaration, extension, or rescission.''.
SEC. 6102. DISTANCE LEARNING AND TELEMEDICINE.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 2335A of the Food, 
Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 950aaa-5) is 
amended by striking ``$75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 
2018'' and inserting ``$82,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 
through 2023''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1(b) of Public Law 102-551 (7 
U.S.C. 950aaa note) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 6103. REFINANCING OF CERTAIN RURAL HOSPITAL DEBT.
    Subtitle D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1981 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 341 the 
following:
    ``SEC. 342. REFINANCING OF CERTAIN RURAL HOSPITAL DEBT.
    ``Assistance under section 306(a) for a community facility, or 
under section 310B, may include the refinancing of a debt obligation of 
a rural hospital as an eligible loan or loan guarantee purpose if the 
assistance would help preserve access to a health service in a rural 
community, meaningfully improve the financial position of the hospital, 
and otherwise meet the financial feasibility and adequacy of security 
requirements of the Rural Development Agency.''.

     Subtitle B--Connecting Rural Americans to High Speed Broadband

SEC. 6201. ACCESS TO BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES IN RURAL 
AREAS.
    Section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
950bb) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``provide loans and loan 
    guarantees'' and inserting ``provide grants, provide loans, and 
    provide loan guarantees'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii), by inserting ``in the case of 
    a grant or direct loan,'' before ``a city'';
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Loans and'' 
        and inserting ``Grants, Loans, and'';
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``shall make or guarantee 
        loans'' and inserting ``shall make grants, shall make loans, 
        and shall guarantee loans'';
            (C) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Priority.--
            ``(A) In general.--In making grants, making loans, and 
        guaranteeing loans under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                ``(i) give the highest priority to applications for 
            projects to provide broadband service to unserved rural 
            communities that do not have any residential broadband 
            service of at least--

                    ``(I) a 10-Mbps downstream transmission capacity; 
                and
                    ``(II) a 1-Mbps upstream transmission capacity;

                ``(ii) give priority to applications for projects to 
            provide the maximum level of broadband service to the 
            greatest proportion of rural households in the proposed 
            service area identified in the application;
                ``(iii) provide equal consideration to all eligible 
            entities, including those that have not previously received 
            grants, loans, or loan guarantees under paragraph (1); and
                ``(iv) with respect to 2 or more applications that are 
            given the same priority under clause (i), give priority to 
            an application that requests less grant funding than loan 
            funding.
            ``(B) Other.--After giving priority to the applications 
        described in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A), the 
        Secretary shall then give priority to applications--
                ``(i) for projects to provide broadband service to 
            rural communities--

                    ``(I) with a population of less than 10,000 
                permanent residents;
                    ``(II) that are experiencing outmigration and have 
                adopted a strategic community investment plan under 
                section 379H(d) that includes considerations for 
                improving and expanding broadband service;
                    ``(III) with a high percentage of low income 
                families or persons (as defined in section 501(b) of 
                the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1471(b));
                    ``(IV) that are isolated from other significant 
                population centers; or
                    ``(V) that provide rapid and expanded deployment of 
                fixed and mobile broadband on cropland and ranchland 
                within a service territory for use in various 
                applications of precision agriculture; and

                ``(ii) that were developed with the participation of, 
            and will receive a substantial portion of the funding for 
            the project from, 2 or more stakeholders, including--

                    ``(I) State, local, and tribal governments;
                    ``(II) nonprofit institutions;
                    ``(III) community anchor institutions, such as--

                        ``(aa) public libraries;
                        ``(bb) elementary schools and secondary schools 
                    (as defined in section 8101 of the Elementary and 
                    Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801));
                        ``(cc) institutions of higher education; and
                        ``(dd) health care facilities;

                    ``(IV) private entities;
                    ``(V) philanthropic organizations; and
                    ``(VI) cooperatives.

        ``(3) Grant amounts.--
            ``(A) Definition of development costs.--In this paragraph, 
        the term `development costs' means costs of--
                ``(i) construction, including labor and materials;
                ``(ii) project applications; and
                ``(iii) other development activities, as determined by 
            the Secretary.
            ``(B) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a grant under this 
        section, in addition to the requirements of subsection (d), the 
        project that is the subject of the grant shall--
                ``(i) be carried out in a proposed service territory in 
            which not less than 90 percent of the households are 
            unserved; and
                ``(ii) not concurrently receive any other broadband 
            grant administered by the Rural Utilities Service.
            ``(C) Maximum.--Except as provided in subparagraph (D), the 
        amount of any grant made under this section shall not exceed--
                ``(i) 75 percent of the total project cost with respect 
            to an area with a density of fewer than 7 people per square 
            mile;
                ``(ii) 50 percent of the total project cost with 
            respect to an area with a density of 7 or more and fewer 
            than 12 people per square mile; and
                ``(iii) 25 percent of the total project cost with 
            respect to an area with a density of 12 or more and 20 or 
            fewer people per square mile.
            ``(D) Secretarial authority to adjust.--The Secretary may--
                ``(i) make grants of up to 75 percent of the 
            development costs of the project for which the grant is 
            provided to an eligible entity if the Secretary determines 
            that the project serves--

                    ``(I) an area of rural households described in 
                paragraph (2)(A)(i); or
                    ``(II) a rural community described in any of 
                subclauses (I) through (IV) of paragraph (2)(B)(i); and

                ``(ii) make modifications of the density thresholds 
            described in subparagraph (C), in order to ensure that 
            funds provided under this section are best utilized to 
            provide broadband service in communities that are the most 
            rural in character.
            ``(E) Applications.--The Secretary shall establish an 
        application process for grants under this section that--
                ``(i) permits a single application for a grant and a 
            loan under title I, II, or this title that is associated 
            with such grant; and
                ``(ii) provides a single decision to award such grant 
            and such loan.
            ``(F) Density determinations.--When determining population 
        density under this section, the Secretary shall prescribe a 
        calculation method which--
                ``(i) utilizes publicly available data; and
                ``(ii) includes only those areas in which the applicant 
            is able to meet the service requirements under this 
            section, as determined by the Secretary.
        ``(4) Fees.--In the case of loan guarantees issued or modified 
    under this section, the Secretary shall charge and collect from the 
    lender fees in such amounts as to bring down the costs of subsidies 
    for guaranteed loans, except that such fees shall not act as a bar 
    to participation in the programs nor be inconsistent with current 
    practices in the marketplace.'';
        (4) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking 
                ``loan or'' and inserting ``grant, loan, or'';
                    (II) by striking clause (i) and inserting the 
                following:

                ``(i) demonstrate the ability to furnish or improve 
            service in order to meet the broadband buildout 
            requirements established under subsection (e)(4) in all or 
            part of an unserved or underserved rural area;''.

                    (III) in clause (ii), by striking ``a loan 
                application'' and inserting ``an application''; and
                    (IV) in clause (iii)--

                        (aa) by striking ``service'' and inserting 
                    ``infrastructure'';
                        (bb) by striking ``loan'' the first place it 
                    appears;
                        (cc) by striking ``3'' and inserting ``5''; and
                        (dd) by striking ``proceeds from the loan made 
                    or guaranteed under this section are'' and 
                    inserting ``assistance under this section is''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(k)'' and 
            inserting ``(j)''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(A)--
                (i) in the matter preceding clause (i)--

                    (I) by striking ``the proceeds of a loan made or 
                guaranteed'' and inserting ``assistance''; and
                    (II) by striking ``for the loan or loan guarantee'' 
                and inserting ``of the eligible entity''; and

                (ii) in clause (i)--

                    (I) by striking ``15 percent'' and inserting ``50 
                percent (in the case of loans or loan guarantees 
                provided in accordance with subsection (g)(1)(A))''; 
                and
                    (II) by striking ``level of broadband service'' and 
                inserting ``level of fixed broadband service, whether 
                terrestrial or wireless,'';

            (C) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``loan or'' and 
        inserting ``grant, loan, or'';
            (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``a loan or loan 
        guarantee'' and inserting ``assistance''; and
            (E) by striking paragraphs (5) through (10) and inserting 
        the following:
        ``(5) Technical assistance and training.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary may provide to eligible 
        entities described in paragraph (1) that are applying for 
        assistance under this section for a project described in 
        subsection (c)(2)(A)(i) technical assistance and training--
                ``(i) to prepare reports and surveys necessary to 
            request grants, loans, and loan guarantees under this 
            section for broadband deployment;
                ``(ii) to improve management, including financial 
            management, relating to the proposed broadband deployment;
                ``(iii) to prepare applications for grants, loans, and 
            loan guarantees under this section; or
                ``(iv) to assist with other areas of need identified by 
            the Secretary.
            ``(B) Funding.--Not less than 3 percent and not more than 5 
        percent of amounts appropriated to carry out this section for a 
        fiscal year shall be used for technical assistance and training 
        under this paragraph.'';
        (5) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``4-Mbps'' and 
            inserting ``25-Mbps''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``1-Mbps'' and 
            inserting ``3-Mbps'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by--

                    (I) striking the following:

        ``(2) Adjustments.--
            ``(A) In general.--At''; and

                    (II) inserting the following:

        ``(2) Adjustments.--At'';
                (ii) by inserting ``and broadband buildout requirements 
            under paragraph (4)'' after ``(1)''; and
                (iii) by striking subparagraph (B); and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Broadband buildout requirements.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `broadband buildout 
        requirement' means the level of internet service an applicant 
        receiving assistance under this section must agree, at the time 
        the application is finalized, to provide for the duration of 
        any project-related agreement between the applicant and the 
        Department.
            ``(B) Broadband buildout requirements further defined.--
        Subject to subparagraph (C), the Secretary shall establish 
        broadband buildout requirements for projects with agreement 
        lengths of--
                ``(i) 5 to 10 years;
                ``(ii) 11 to 15 years;
                ``(iii) 16 to 20 years; and
                ``(iv) more than 20 years.
            ``(C) Requirements.--In establishing the broadband buildout 
        requirements under subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall--
                ``(i) utilize the same metrics used to define the 
            minimum acceptable level of broadband service under 
            paragraph (1);
                ``(ii) establish such requirements to reasonably 
            ensure--

                    ``(I) the repayment of all loans and loan 
                guarantees; and
                    ``(II) the financed network is technically capable 
                of providing broadband service for the lifetime of any 
                project-related agreement.

            ``(D) Substitute service standards for unique service 
        territories.--If an applicant shows that it would be cost 
        prohibitive to meet the broadband buildout requirements 
        established under this paragraph for the entirety of a proposed 
        service territory due to the unique characteristics of the 
        proposed service territory, the Secretary and the applicant may 
        agree to utilize substitute standards for any unserved portion 
        of the project. Any substitute service standards should 
        continue to consider the best technology available to meet the 
        needs of the residents in the unserved area.'';
        (6) in subsection (f), by striking ``make a loan or loan 
    guarantee'' and inserting ``provide assistance'';
        (7) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (2) and 
    redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
        (8) by striking subsections (i) and (j) and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(i) Payment Assistance for Certain Loan and Grant Recipients.--
        ``(1) Use of grant funds.--The Secretary may use the funds 
    appropriated for a grant under this title for the cost (as defined 
    by section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974) of 
    providing assistance under paragraph (2).
        ``(2) Payment assistance.--When providing a grant under this 
    title, the Secretary, at the sole discretion of the Secretary, may 
    make--
            ``(A) a subsidized loan, which shall bear a reduced 
        interest rate at such a rate as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate to meet the objectives of the program; or
            ``(B) a payment assistance loan, which shall--
                ``(i) require no interest and principal payments while 
            the borrower is--

                    ``(I) in material compliance with the loan 
                agreement; and
                    ``(II) meeting the milestones and objectives of the 
                project agreed to under paragraph (3); and

                ``(ii) require such nominal periodic payments as the 
            Secretary determines to be appropriate.
        ``(3) Agreement on milestones and objectives.--With respect to 
    payment assistance provided under paragraph (2), before entering 
    into the agreement under which the payment assistance will be 
    provided, the applicant and the Secretary shall agree to milestones 
    and objectives of the project.
        ``(4) Amendment of milestones and objectives.--The Secretary 
    and the applicant may jointly agree to amend the milestones and 
    objectives agreed to under paragraph (3).
        ``(5) Considerations.--When deciding to utilize the payment 
    assistance authority under paragraph (2) the Secretary shall 
    consider whether or not the payment assistance will--
            ``(A) improve the compliance of the grantee with any 
        commitments made through the grant agreement;
            ``(B) promote the completion of the broadband project;
            ``(C) protect taxpayer resources; and
            ``(D) support the integrity of the broadband programs 
        administered by the Secretary.
        ``(6) Limitations on payment assistance.--The Secretary may not 
    make a payment assistance loan under paragraph (2)(B) to an entity 
    receiving a grant under this section that is also the recipient of 
    a loan under title I or II that is associated with such grant.'';
        (9) in subsection (k)(1)--
            (A) by striking ``$25,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$350,000,000''; and
            (B) by striking ``2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
        through 2023'';
        (10) in subsection (l)--
            (A) by striking ``loan or'' and inserting ``grant, or loan, 
        or''; and
            (B) by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''; and
        (11) by redesignating subsections (k) and (l) as subsections 
    (j) and (k), respectively.
SEC. 6202. EXPANSION OF MIDDLE MILE INFRASTRUCTURE INTO RURAL AREAS.
    Section 602 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
950bb-1) is amended to read as follows:
    ``SEC. 602. EXPANSION OF MIDDLE MILE INFRASTRUCTURE INTO RURAL 
      AREAS.
    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to encourage the 
expansion and extension of middle mile broadband infrastructure to 
connect underserved rural areas to the backbone of the Internet.
    ``(b) Middle Mile Infrastructure.--For the purposes of this 
section, the term `middle mile infrastructure' means any broadband 
infrastructure that does not connect directly to end-user locations 
(including anchor institutions) and may include interoffice transport, 
backhaul, Internet connectivity, data centers, or special access 
transport to rural areas.
    ``(c) Grants, Loans, and Loan Guarantees.--The Secretary shall make 
grants, loans, and loan guarantees to eligible applicants described in 
subsection (d) to provide funds for the construction, improvement, or 
acquisition of middle mile infrastructure to serve rural areas.
    ``(d) Eligibility.--
        ``(1) Eligible applicants.--
            ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to obtain assistance 
        under this section, an eligible entity shall--
                ``(i) submit to the Secretary an application at such 
            time, in such manner, and containing such information as 
            the Secretary may require;
                ``(ii) agree to complete build-out of the middle mile 
            infrastructure described in the application by not later 
            than 5 years after the initial date on which proceeds from 
            the assistance provided under this section are made 
            available; and
                ``(iii) submit to the Secretary a plan to ensure the 
            viability of the project by--

                    ``(I) connecting, assisting with connecting, or 
                enabling the connection of retail broadband systems 
                that serve rural areas within the proposed service 
                territory to the middle mile infrastructure project in 
                an affordable and economically competitive manner;
                    ``(II) leasing or selling sufficient capacity prior 
                to project approval; and
                    ``(III) complying with any other requirements 
                imposed by the Secretary.

            ``(B) Additional end user broadband programs.--Entities 
        that receive assistance to construct, improve, or acquire 
        middle mile infrastructure under this section shall be eligible 
        to apply for additional funds under this title to provide for 
        retail broadband service to end users.
        ``(2) Eligible service territories.--The proceeds of assistance 
    provided under this section may be used to carry out a project in a 
    proposed service territory only if, as of the date the application 
    for assistance under this section is submitted, there is not 
    adequate middle mile infrastructure available to support broadband 
    service for eligible rural communities that would be provided 
    access to the middle mile infrastructure.
        ``(3) Eligible projects.--A project shall be eligible for 
    assistance under this section if at the time of the application--
            ``(A) at least 75 percent of the interconnection points 
        serve such eligible rural areas; and
            ``(B) the Secretary determines that the proposed middle 
        mile network will be capable of supporting retail broadband 
        service meeting the maximum broadband buildout requirement 
        established under section 601(e)(4) for the residents within 
        the proposed service territory.
    ``(e) Limitation on Grants.--In making grants under this section, 
the Secretary shall--
        ``(1) not provide any grant in excess of 20 percent of the 
    total project cost; and
        ``(2) provide grants only to those projects which serve rural 
    areas where population density or geographic characteristics make 
    it infeasible to construct middle mile broadband systems without 
    grant assistance.
    ``(f) Terms, Conditions, and Adequacy of Security.--All loans and 
loan guarantees provided under this section shall be made subject to 
such terms, conditions, and adequacy of security requirements as may be 
imposed by the Secretary. If the middle mile infrastructure would not 
provide adequate security due to long-term leasing arrangements, the 
Secretary shall require substitute security in such form and substance 
as are acceptable to the Secretary.
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2018 through 2023.''.
SEC. 6203. MODIFICATIONS TO THE RURAL GIGABIT PROGRAM.
    Section 603 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 
950bb-2) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``rural gigabit network 
    pilot'' and inserting ``innovative broadband advancement'';
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and 
    inserting ``2019 through 2023'';
        (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
        (4) by striking subsections (a) through (c) and inserting the 
    following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a program to be 
known as the `Innovative Broadband Advancement Program', under which 
the Secretary may provide a grant, a loan, or both to an eligible 
entity for the purpose of demonstrating innovative broadband 
technologies or methods of broadband deployment that significantly 
decrease the cost of broadband deployment, and provide substantially 
faster broadband speeds than are available, in a rural area.
    ``(b) Rural Area.--In this section, the term `rural area' has the 
meaning provided in section 601(b)(3).
    ``(c) Eligibility.--To be eligible to obtain assistance under this 
section for a project, an entity shall--
        ``(1) submit to the Secretary an application--
            ``(A) that describes a project designed to decrease the 
        cost of broadband deployment, and substantially increase 
        broadband speed to not less than the maximum broadband buildout 
        requirements established under section 601(e)(4), in a rural 
        area to be served by the project; and
            ``(B) at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        other information as the Secretary may require;
        ``(2) demonstrate that the entity is able to carry out the 
    project; and
        ``(3) agree to complete the project build-out within 5 years 
    after the date the assistance is first provided for the project.
    ``(d) Prioritization.--In awarding assistance under this section, 
the Secretary shall give priority to proposals for projects that--
        ``(1) involve partnerships between or among multiple entities;
        ``(2) would provide broadband service to the greatest number of 
    rural entities at or above the broadband requirements referred to 
    in subsection (c)(1)(A); and
        ``(3) the Secretary determines could be replicated in rural 
    areas described in paragraph (2).''.
SEC. 6204. COMMUNITY CONNECT GRANT PROGRAM.
    Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb 
et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 604. COMMUNITY CONNECT GRANT PROGRAM.
    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Eligible broadband service.--The term `eligible broadband 
    service' means broadband service that has the capability to 
    transmit data at a speed specified by the Secretary, which may not 
    be less than the applicable minimum download and upload speeds 
    established by the Federal Communications Commission in defining 
    the term `advanced telecommunications capability' for purposes of 
    section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (47 U.S.C. 1302).
        ``(2) Eligible service area.--The term `eligible service area' 
    means an area in which broadband service capacity is less than--
            ``(A) a 10-Mbps downstream transmission capacity; and
            ``(B) a 1-Mbps upstream transmission capacity.
        ``(3) Eligible entity.--
            ``(A) In general.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
        legally organized entity that--
                ``(i) is--

                    ``(I) an incorporated organization;
                    ``(II) an Indian Tribe or Tribal organization;
                    ``(III) a State;
                    ``(IV) a unit of local government; or
                    ``(V) any other legal entity, including a 
                cooperative, a private corporation, or a limited 
                liability company, that is organized on a for-profit or 
                a not-for-profit basis; and

                ``(ii) has the legal capacity and authority to enter 
            into a contract, to comply with applicable Federal laws, 
            and to own and operate broadband facilities, as proposed in 
            the application submitted by the entity for a grant under 
            the Program.
            ``(B) Exclusions.--The term `eligible entity' does not 
        include--
                ``(i) an individual; or
                ``(ii) a partnership.
        ``(4) Rural area.--The term `rural area' has the meaning given 
    the term in section 601(b)(3)(A).
    ``(b) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a program, to 
be known as the `Community Connect Grant Program', to provide grants to 
eligible entities to finance broadband transmission in rural areas.
    ``(c) Eligible Projects.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
under the Program shall use the grant to carry out a project that--
        ``(1) provides eligible broadband service to, within the 
    proposed eligible service area described in the application 
    submitted by the eligible entity--
            ``(A) each essential community facility as defined pursuant 
        to section 306(a) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)); and
            ``(B) any required facilities necessary to offer that 
        eligible broadband service to each residential and business 
        customer within such proposed eligible service area; and
        ``(2) for not less than 2 years--
            ``(A) furnishes free eligible broadband service to a 
        community center described in subsection (d)(1)(B);
            ``(B) provides not fewer than 2 computer access points for 
        that free eligible broadband service; and
            ``(C) covers the cost of bandwidth to provide free eligible 
        broadband service to each essential community facility that 
        requests broadband services within the proposed eligible 
        service area described in the application submitted by the 
        eligible entity.
    ``(d) Uses of Grant Funds.--
        ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
    under the Program may use the grant for--
            ``(A) the construction, acquisition, or leasing of 
        facilities (including spectrum), land, or buildings to deploy 
        eligible broadband service; and
            ``(B) the improvement, expansion, construction, or 
        acquisition of a community center within the proposed eligible 
        service area described in the application submitted by the 
        eligible entity.
        ``(2) Ineligible uses.--An eligible entity that receives a 
    grant under the Program shall not use the grant for--
            ``(A) the duplication of any existing eligible broadband 
        service provided by another entity in the eligible service 
        area; or
            ``(B) operating expenses, except as provided in--
                ``(i) subsection (c)(2)(C) with respect to free 
            eligible broadband service; and
                ``(ii) paragraph (1)(A) with respect to spectrum.
        ``(3) Free access for community centers.--Of the amounts 
    provided to an eligible entity under a grant under the Program, the 
    eligible entity shall use to carry out paragraph (1)(B) not greater 
    than the lesser of--
            ``(A) 10 percent; and
            ``(B) $150,000.
    ``(e) Matching Funds.--
        ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
    under the Program shall provide a cash contribution in an amount 
    that is not less than 15 percent of the amount of the grant.
        ``(2) Requirements.--A cash contribution described in paragraph 
    (1)--
            ``(A) shall be used solely for the project for which the 
        eligible entity receives a grant under the Program; and
            ``(B) shall not include any Federal funds, unless a Federal 
        statute specifically provides that those Federal funds may be 
        considered to be from a non-Federal source.
    ``(f) Applications.--
        ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a grant under the 
    Program, an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an 
    application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
    information as the Secretary may require.
        ``(2) Requirement.--An application submitted by an eligible 
    entity under paragraph (1) shall include documentation sufficient 
    to demonstrate the availability of funds to satisfy the requirement 
    of subsection (e).
    ``(g) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $50,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2019 through 2023.''.
SEC. 6205. OUTDATED BROADBAND SYSTEMS.
    (a) In General.--Title VI of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 
(7 U.S.C. 950bb et seq.) is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``SEC. 605. OUTDATED BROADBAND SYSTEMS.
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
Secretary shall consider any portion of a service territory that is 
subject to an outstanding grant agreement between the Secretary and a 
broadband provider to be unserved for the purposes of all broadband 
assistance programs under this Act, if the broadband service in that 
portion of a service territory is less than 10 Mbps downstream 
transmission capacity or less than 1 Mbps upstream transmission 
capacity.
    ``(b) Exception.--The Secretary shall not consider a portion of a 
service territory described in subsection (a) to be unserved if the 
broadband service provider has constructed or begun to construct 
broadband facilities that meet the minimum acceptable level of service 
established under section 601(e), in that portion of the service 
territory.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by this section shall not 
take effect until October 1, 2020.
SEC. 6206. DEFAULT AND DEOBLIGATION; DEFERRAL.
    Title VI of such Act (7 U.S.C. 950bb et seq.) is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 606. DEFAULT AND DEOBLIGATION; DEFERRAL.
    ``(a) Default and Deobligation.--In addition to other authority 
under applicable law, the Secretary shall establish written procedures 
for all broadband programs so that, to the maximum extent practicable, 
the programs are administered to--
        ``(1) recover funds from loan and grant defaults;
        ``(2) deobligate any awards, less allowable costs that 
    demonstrate an insufficient level of performance (including metrics 
    determined by the Secretary) or fraudulent spending, to the extent 
    funds with respect to the award are available in the account 
    relating to the program established by this title;
        ``(3) award those funds, on a competitive basis, to new or 
    existing applicants consistent with this title; and
        ``(4) minimize overlap among the programs.
    ``(b) Deferral Period.--In determining the terms and conditions of 
assistance provided under this title, the Secretary may establish a 
deferral period of not shorter than the buildout period established for 
the project involved in order to support the financial feasibility and 
long-term sustainability of the project.''.
SEC. 6207. PUBLIC NOTICE, ASSESSMENTS, AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
    The Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 901 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new title:

           ``TITLE VII--GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

    ``SEC. 701. PUBLIC NOTICE, ASSESSMENTS, AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
    ``(a) Notice Requirements.--The Secretary shall promptly make 
available to the public, a fully searchable database on the website of 
the Rural Utilities Service that contains information on all retail 
broadband projects provided assistance or for which assistance is 
sought that are administered by the Secretary, including, at a 
minimum--
        ``(1) notice of each application for assistance describing the 
    application, including--
            ``(A) the identity of the applicant;
            ``(B) a description of each application, including--
                ``(i) a map of the proposed service area of the 
            applicant; and
                ``(ii) the amount and type of support requested by each 
            applicant;
            ``(C) the status of each application; and
            ``(D) the estimated number and proportion of service points 
        in the proposed service territory without fixed broadband 
        service, whether terrestrial or wireless;
        ``(2) notice of each entity receiving assistance administered 
    by the Secretary, including--
            ``(A) the name of the entity;
            ``(B) the type of assistance being received;
            ``(C) the purpose for which the entity is receiving the 
        assistance; and
            ``(D) each annual report submitted under subsection (c) 
        (redacted to protect any proprietary information in the 
        report); and
        ``(3) such other information as is sufficient to allow the 
    public to understand assistance provided.
    ``(b) Service Area Assessment.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall, with respect to a 
    retail broadband application for assistance, which is outside an 
    area in which the applicant receives Federal universal service 
    support--
            ``(A) after giving notice required by subsection (a)(1), 
        afford service providers not less than 45 days to voluntarily 
        submit information required by the Secretary onto the agency's 
        online mapping tool with respect to areas that are coterminous 
        with the proposed service area of the application (or any parts 
        thereof), such that the Secretary may assess whether the 
        application submitted meets the eligibility requirements under 
        this title; and
            ``(B) if no broadband service provider submits information 
        under paragraph (1), consider the number of providers in the 
        proposed service area to be established by using any other data 
        regarding the availability of broadband service that the 
        Secretary may collect or obtain through reasonable efforts.
        ``(2) Assessment of unserved communities.--In the case of an 
    application given the highest priority under section 
    601(c)(2)(A)(i), the Secretary shall confirm that each unserved 
    rural community identified in the application is eligible for 
    funding by--
            ``(A) conferring with, and obtaining data from, the Chair 
        of the Federal Communications Commission and the Administrator 
        of the National Telecommunications and Information 
        Administration with respect to the service level in the service 
        area proposed in the application;
            ``(B) reviewing any other source that is relevant to 
        service data validation, as determined by the Secretary; and
            ``(C) performing site-specific testing to verify the 
        unavailability of any retail broadband service.
        ``(3) FOIA exemption.--For purposes of section 552 of title 5, 
    United States Code, information received by the Secretary pursuant 
    to paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection shall be exempt from 
    disclosure pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(B) of such section 552.
    ``(c) Reporting Broadband Improvements to USDA.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall require any entity 
    receiving assistance for a project which provides retail broadband 
    service to submit an annual report for 3 years after completion of 
    the project, in a format specified by the Secretary, that 
    describes--
            ``(A) the use by the entity of the assistance, including 
        new equipment and capacity enhancements that support high-speed 
        broadband access for educational institutions, health care 
        providers, and public safety service providers (including the 
        estimated number of end users who are currently using or 
        forecasted to use the new or upgraded infrastructure); and
            ``(B) the progress towards fulfilling the objectives for 
        which the assistance was granted, including--
                ``(i) the number of service points that will receive 
            new broadband service, existing network service 
            improvements, and facility upgrades resulting from the 
            Federal assistance;
                ``(ii) the speed of broadband service;
                ``(iii) the average price of the most subscribed tier 
            of broadband service in a proposed service area;
                ``(iv) new subscribers generated from the project; and
                ``(v) any metrics the Secretary determines to be 
            appropriate.
        ``(2) Additional reporting.--
            ``(A) Broadband buildout data.--As a condition of receiving 
        assistance under section 601, a recipient of assistance shall 
        provide to the Secretary complete, reliable, and precise 
        geolocation information that indicates the location of new 
        broadband service that is being provided or upgraded within the 
        service territory supported by the grant, loan, or loan 
        guarantee not later than 30 days after the earlier of--
                ``(i) the date of completion of any project milestone 
            established by the Secretary; or
                ``(ii) the date of completion of the project.
            ``(B) Reporting for middle mile projects.--The Secretary 
        shall require any entity receiving assistance under section 602 
        to submit a semiannual report for 5 years after completion of 
        the project, in a format specified by the Secretary, that 
        describes--
                ``(i) the use by the entity of the assistance to 
            construct, improve, or acquire middle mile infrastructure;
                ``(ii) the progress towards meeting the end-user 
            connection plan submitted under section 602(d)(1)(A)(iii); 
            and
                ``(iii) any additional metrics the Secretary determines 
            to be appropriate.
            ``(C) Additional reporting.--The Secretary may require any 
        additional reporting and information by any recipient of any 
        broadband assistance under this act so as to ensure compliance 
        with this section.
    ``(d) Annual Report on Broadband Projects and Service to 
Congress.--Each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a 
report that describes the extent of participation in the broadband 
assistance programs administered by the Secretary for the preceding 
fiscal year, including a description of--
        ``(1) the number of applications received and accepted, 
    including any special loan terms or conditions for which the 
    Secretary provided additional assistance to unserved areas;
        ``(2)(A) the communities proposed to be served in each 
    application submitted for the fiscal year; and
        ``(B) the communities served by projects funded by broadband 
    assistance programs;
        ``(3) the period of time required to approve each loan 
    application under broadband programs;
        ``(4) any outreach activities carried out by the Secretary to 
    encourage entities in rural areas without broadband service to 
    submit applications under this Act;
        ``(5) the method by which the Secretary determines that a 
    service enables a subscriber to originate and receive high-quality 
    voice, data, graphics, and video for purposes of providing 
    broadband service under this Act;
        ``(6) each broadband service, including the type and speed of 
    broadband service, for which assistance was sought, and each 
    broadband service for which assistance was provided, under this 
    Act; and
        ``(7) the overall progress towards fulfilling the goal of 
    improving the quality of rural life by expanding rural broadband 
    access, as demonstrated by metrics, including--
            ``(A) the number of residences and businesses receiving new 
        broadband services;
            ``(B) network improvements, including facility upgrades and 
        equipment purchases;
            ``(C) average broadband speeds and prices on a local and 
        statewide basis;
            ``(D) any changes in broadband adoption rates; and
            ``(E) any specific activities that increased high speed 
        broadband access for educational institutions, health care 
        providers, and public safety service providers.
    ``(e) Limitations on Reservation of Funds.--Not less than 3 but not 
more than 5 percent of program level amounts available pursuant to 
amounts appropriated to carry out title VI shall be set aside to be 
used for--
        ``(1) conducting oversight under such title;
        ``(2) implementing accountability measures and related 
    activities authorized under such title; and
        ``(3) carrying out this section.''.
SEC. 6208. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.
    Title VII of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, as added by 
section 6207 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``SEC. 702. ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEWS.
    ``The Secretary may obligate, but not disperse, funds under this 
Act before the completion of otherwise required environmental, 
historical, or other types of reviews if the Secretary determines that 
a subsequent site-specific review shall be adequate and easily 
accomplished for the location of towers, poles, or other broadband 
facilities in the service area of the borrower without compromising the 
project or the required reviews.''.
SEC. 6209. USE OF LOAN PROCEEDS TO REFINANCE LOANS FOR DEPLOYMENT OF 
BROADBAND SERVICE.
    Title VII of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, as added by 
section 6207 and amended by section 6208 of this Act, is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``SEC. 703. USE OF LOAN PROCEEDS TO REFINANCE LOANS FOR DEPLOYMENT 
      OF BROADBAND SERVICE.
    ``Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the proceeds of 
any loan made or guaranteed by the Secretary under this Act may be used 
by the recipient of the loan for the purpose of refinancing an 
outstanding obligation of the recipient on another telecommunications 
loan made under this Act, or on any other loan if that loan would have 
been for an eligible telecommunications purpose under this Act.''.
SEC. 6210. SMART UTILITY AUTHORITY FOR BROADBAND.
    (a) Section 331 of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1981) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary may 
allow a recipient of a grant, loan, or loan guarantee provided by the 
Office of Rural Development under this title to use not more than 10 
percent of the amount so provided--
        ``(A) for any activity for which assistance may be provided 
    under section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936; or
        ``(B) to construct other broadband infrastructure.
    ``(2) Paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not apply to a 
recipient who is seeking to provide retail broadband service in any 
area where retail broadband service is available at the minimum 
broadband speeds, as defined under section 601(e) of the Rural 
Electrification Act of 1936.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall not provide funding under paragraph (1) 
if the funding would result in competitive harm to any grant, loan, or 
loan guarantee provided under the Rural Electrification Act of 1936.''.
    (b) Title I of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 901-
918a) is amended by inserting after section 7 the following:
``SEC. 8. LIMITATIONS ON USE OF ASSISTANCE.
    ``(a) Subject to subsections (b) and (c) of this section, the 
Secretary may allow a recipient of a grant, loan, or loan guarantee 
under this title to set aside not more than 10 percent of the amount so 
received to provide retail broadband service.
    ``(b) A recipient who sets aside funds under subsection (a) of this 
section may use the funds only in an area that is not being provided 
with the minimum acceptable level of broadband service established 
under section 601(e), unless the recipient meets the requirements of 
section 601(d).
    ``(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the 
ability of any borrower to finance or deploy services authorized under 
this Act.
    ``(d) The Secretary shall not provide funding under subsection (a) 
if the funding would result in competitive harm to any grant, loan, or 
loan guarantee referred to in subsection (a).''.
SEC. 6211. REFINANCING OF TELEPHONE LOANS.
    Section 201 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 922) 
is amended, in the fifth sentence, by striking ``furnishing telephone 
service in rural areas:'' and all that follows through ``40 per centum 
of any loan made under this title.'' and inserting ``furnishing 
telephone service in rural areas, including indebtedness of recipients 
on another telecommunications loan made under this Act.''.
SEC. 6212. FEDERAL BROADBAND PROGRAM COORDINATION.
    (a) Consultation Between USDA and NTIA.--The Secretary shall 
consult with the Assistant Secretary to assist in the verification of 
eligibility of the broadband loan and grant programs of the Department 
of Agriculture. In providing assistance under the preceding sentence, 
the Assistant Secretary shall make available the broadband assessment 
and mapping capabilities of the National Telecommunications and 
Information Administration.
    (b) Consultation Between USDA and FCC.--
        (1) By usda.--The Secretary shall consult with the Commission 
    before providing broadband assistance for a project to serve an 
    area with respect to which another entity is receiving Connect 
    America Fund or Mobility Fund support under the Federal universal 
    service support mechanisms established under section 254 of the 
    Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 254).
        (2) By fcc.--The Commission shall consult with the Secretary 
    before offering or providing Connect America Fund or Mobility Fund 
    support under the Federal universal service support mechanisms 
    established under section 254 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 
    U.S.C. 254) to serve an area with respect to which another entity 
    has received broadband assistance under a loan or grant program of 
    the Department of Agriculture.
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary, the Commission, and the 
Assistant Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Agriculture and 
the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry and the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report on how best to coordinate federally supported broadband programs 
and activities in order to achieve the following objectives:
        (1) Promote high-quality broadband service that meets the long-
    term needs of rural residents and businesses, by evaluating the 
    broadband service needs in rural areas for each decade through 
    2050.
        (2) Support the long-term viability, sustainability, and 
    utility of federally supported rural broadband infrastructure, by 
    analyzing the technical capabilities of the technologies currently 
    available and reasonably expected to be available by 2035 to meet 
    the broadband service needs of rural residents identified under 
    paragraph (1), including by analyzing the following:
            (A) The real-world performance of such technologies, 
        including data rates, latency, data usage restrictions, and 
        other aspects of service quality, as defined by the Commission.
            (B) The suitability of each such technology for 
        residential, agricultural, educational, healthcare, commercial, 
        and industrial purposes in rural areas.
            (C) The cost to deploy and support such technologies in 
        several rural geographies.
            (D) The costs associated with online platforms, 
        specifically the resulting constraints on rural network 
        bandwidth.
        (3) Identify and quantify the availability of broadband service 
    and ongoing broadband deployment in rural areas, including ways to 
    do the following:
            (A) Harmonize broadband notification and reporting 
        requirements and develop common verification procedures across 
        all federally supported broadband programs.
            (B) Consolidate and utilize the existing broadband service 
        data.
            (C) Collect and share data on those projects in rural areas 
        where Federal programs are currently supporting broadband 
        deployment, including areas with respect to which an entity is 
        receiving--
                (i) support under a broadband assistance program of the 
            Department of Agriculture; or
                (ii) Connect America Fund or Mobility Fund support 
            under the Federal universal service support mechanisms 
            established under section 254 of the Communications Act of 
            1934 (47 U.S.C. 254).
            (D) Leverage support technologies and services from online 
        platforms for providers of broadband service in rural areas.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Assistant secretary.--The term ``Assistant Secretary'' 
    means the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and 
    Information.
        (2) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Federal 
    Communications Commission.
        (3) Rural area.--The term ``rural area'' has the meaning given 
    the term in section 601(b)(3) of the Rural Electrification Act of 
    1936.
SEC. 6213. TRANSITION RULE.
    For the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and ending on the date that is one year after such date of enactment, 
with respect to the implementation of the rural broadband access 
program under section 601 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (7 
U.S.C. 950bb) and the Community Connect Grant Program under section 604 
of such Act, as added by section 6204 of this Act, the Secretary shall 
use the regulations in existence as of the day before the date of 
enactment of this Act that are applicable to the program involved, 
until the Secretary issues a final rule implementing the provisions of, 
and amendments made by, this title that apply to that program.
SEC. 6214. RURAL BROADBAND INTEGRATION WORKING GROUP.
    (a) In General.--
        (1) Establishment.--There is established the Rural Broadband 
    Integration Working Group (referred to in this subsection as the 
    ``Working Group'').
        (2) Membership.--The membership of the Working Group shall be 
    composed of the heads, or their designees, of--
            (A) the Department of Agriculture, acting through the 
        Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service;
            (B) the Department of Commerce, acting through the 
        Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information;
            (C) the Department of Defense;
            (D) the Department of State;
            (E) the Department of the Interior;
            (F) the Department of Labor;
            (G) the Department of Health and Human Services;
            (H) the Department of Homeland Security;
            (I) the Department of Housing and Urban Development;
            (J) the Department of Justice;
            (K) the Department of Transportation;
            (L) the Department of the Treasury;
            (M) the Department of Energy;
            (N) the Department of Education;
            (O) the Department of Veterans Affairs;
            (P) the Environmental Protection Agency;
            (Q) the General Services Administration;
            (R) the Small Business Administration;
            (S) the Institute of Museum and Library Services;
            (T) the National Science Foundation;
            (U) the Council on Environmental Quality;
            (V) the Office of Science and Technology Policy;
            (W) the Office of Management and Budget;
            (X) the Council of Economic Advisers;
            (Y) the Domestic Policy Council;
            (Z) the National Economic Council; and
            (AA) such other Federal agencies or entities as are 
        determined appropriate by the co-chairs.
        (3) Co-chairs.--The following individuals, or their designees, 
    shall serve as co-chairs of the Working Group:
            (A) The Administrator of the Rural Utilities Service.
            (B) The Assistant Secretary for Communications and 
        Information.
            (C) The Director of the National Economic Council.
            (D) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
        Policy.
        (4) Consultation; coordination.--The Working Group shall 
    consult, as appropriate, with other relevant agencies, including 
    the Federal Communications Commission. The Working Group shall 
    coordinate with existing Federal working groups and committees 
    involved with broadband.
        (5) Membership changes.--The Director of the National Economic 
    Council and the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
    Policy shall review, on a periodic basis, the membership of the 
    Working Group to ensure that the Working Group--
            (A) includes necessary Federal Government entities; and
            (B) is an effective mechanism for coordinating among 
        agencies on the policy described in subsection (b).
    (b) Functions of Working Group.--
        (1) Consultation.--The Working Group shall consult with State, 
    local, Tribal, and territorial governments, telecommunications 
    companies, utilities, trade associations, philanthropic entities, 
    policy experts, and other interested parties to identify, assess, 
    and determine possible actions relating to barriers and 
    opportunities for broadband deployment in rural areas.
        (2) Point of contact.--Not later than 15 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, each member of the Working Group shall--
            (A) designate a representative to serve as the main point 
        of contact for matters relating to the Working Group; and
            (B) notify the co-chairs of the Working Group of that 
        designee.
        (3) Survey.--Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment 
    of this Act, based on information provided by the members of the 
    Working Group, the Working Group shall publish a comprehensive 
    survey of--
            (A) Federal programs, including the allocated funding 
        amounts, that currently support or could reasonably be modified 
        to support broadband deployment and adoption; and
            (B) all Federal agency-specific policies and rules with the 
        direct or indirect effect of facilitating or regulating 
        investment in, or deployment of, wired and wireless broadband 
        networks.
        (4) List of actions.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the members of the Working Group shall 
    submit to the Working Group an initial list of actions that each of 
    the agencies could take to identify and address regulatory barriers 
    to, incentivize investment in, promote best practices within, align 
    funding decisions with respect to, and otherwise support, wired 
    broadband deployment and adoption.
        (5) Report.--Not later than 150 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Working Group shall submit to the 
    President an agreed-to and prioritized list of recommendations of 
    the Working Group on actions that Federal agencies can take to 
    support broadband deployment and adoption, including--
            (A) a list of priority actions and rulemakings; and
            (B) timelines to complete the priority actions and 
        rulemakings.

                       Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

SEC. 6301. EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN POPULATIONS FROM DEFINITION OF RURAL 
AREA.
    (a) In General.--Section 343(a)(13) of the Consolidated Farm and 
Rural Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(13)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(G)'' and inserting 
    ``(I)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(H) Exclusion of incarcerated populations.--Populations 
        of individuals incarcerated on a long-term or regional basis 
        shall not be included in determining whether an area is `rural' 
        or a `rural area'.
            ``(I) Limited exclusion of military base populations.--The 
        first 1,500 individuals who reside in housing located on a 
        military base shall not be included in determining whether an 
        area is `rural' or a `rural area'.''.
    (b) Broadband.--Section 601(b)(3) of the Rural Electrification Act 
of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 950bb(b)(3)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(C) Exclusion of certain populations.--Such term does not 
        include any population described in subparagraph (H) or (I) of 
        section 343(a)(13) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
        Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(13)).''.
    (c) Distance Learning and Telemedicine Loans and Grants.--Section 
2332 of the Food Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (7 
U.S.C. 950aaa-1) is amended by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Rural area.--The term `rural area' has the meaning given 
    the term in section 601(b)(3) of the Rural Electrification Act of 
    1936.''.
SEC. 6302. ESTABLISHMENT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.
    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term `tribally designated 
housing entity' has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the 
Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 
(25 U.S.C. 4103).
    (b) In General.--The Secretary shall, in coordination with the 
Office of Tribal Relations established under section 309 of the 
Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 (7 U.S.C. 6921), 
provide technical assistance to improve access by Tribal entities to 
rural development programs funded by the Department of Agriculture 
through available cooperative agreement authorities of the Secretary.
    (c) Technical Assistance.--Technical assistance provided under 
subsection (b) shall address the unique challenge of Tribal 
governments, Tribal producers, Tribal businesses, Tribal business 
entities, and tribally designated housing entities in accessing 
Department of Agriculture-supported rural infrastructure, rural 
cooperative development, rural business and industry, rural housing, 
and other rural development activities.
SEC. 6303. RURAL ENERGY SAVINGS PROGRAM.
    Section 6407 of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 
(7 U.S.C. 8107a) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``efficiency.'' and 
    inserting ``efficiency (including cost-effective on- or off-grid 
    renewable energy or energy storage systems).'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (7) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (8), respectively;
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
        ``(4) Eligibility for other loans.--The Secretary shall not 
    include any debt incurred by a borrower under this section in the 
    calculation of the debt-equity ratio of the borrower for purposes 
    of eligibility for loans under the Rural Electrification Act of 
    1936 (7 U.S.C. 901 et seq.).'';
            (C) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) (as so 
        redesignated), by striking ``(6)'' and inserting ``(7)''; and
            (D) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(9) Accounting.--The Secretary shall take appropriate steps 
    to streamline the accounting requirements on borrowers under this 
    section while maintaining adequate assurances of the repayment of 
    the loans.'';
        (3) in subsection (d)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``3 percent'' and 
        inserting ``5 percent''; and
            (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``electric'' and 
        inserting ``recurring service'';
        (4) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (i);
        (5) by inserting after subsection (g) the following:
    ``(h) Publication.--Not later than 120 days after the end of each 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall publish a description of--
        ``(1) the number of applications received under this section 
    for that fiscal year;
        ``(2) the number of loans made to eligible entities under this 
    section for that fiscal year; and
        ``(3) the recipients of the loans described in paragraph 
    (2).''; and
        (6) in subsection (i) (as so redesignated), by striking 
    ``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 6304. NORTHERN BORDER REGIONAL COMMISSION REAUTHORIZATION.
    (a) Administrative Expenses of Regional Commissions.--Section 
15304(c)(3)(A) of title 40, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``unanimous'' and inserting ``majority''.
    (b) Economic and Infrastructure Development Grants.--Section 15501 
of title 40, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph (9); and
            (C) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
        ``(8) to grow the capacity for successful community economic 
    development in its region; and'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``paragraphs (1) through 
    (3)'' and inserting ``paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (7)''; and
        (3) in subsection (f), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting ``, except that financial assistance may be used as 
    otherwise authorized by this subtitle to attract businesses to the 
    region from outside the United States.''.
    (c) State Capacity Building Grant Program.--
        (1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Northern 
        Border Regional Commission established by section 15301(a)(3) 
        of title 40, United States Code.
            (B) Commission state.--The term ``Commission State'' means 
        each of the States of Maine, New Hampshire, New York, and 
        Vermont.
            (C) Eligible county.--The term ``eligible county'' means a 
        county described in section 15733 of title 40, United States 
        Code.
            (D) Program.--The term ``program'' means the State capacity 
        building grant program established under paragraph (2).
        (2) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Commission shall establish a State 
    capacity building grant program to provide grants to Commission 
    States to carry out the purpose under paragraph (3).
        (3) Purpose.--The purpose of the program is to support the 
    efforts of the Commission--
            (A) to better support business retention and expansion in 
        eligible counties;
            (B) to create programs to encourage job creation and 
        workforce development in eligible counties;
            (C) to prepare economic and infrastructure plans for 
        eligible counties;
            (D) to expand access to high-speed broadband in eligible 
        counties;
            (E) to provide technical assistance that results in 
        Commission investments in transportation, water, wastewater, 
        and other critical infrastructure;
            (F) to create initiatives to increase the effectiveness of 
        local development districts in eligible counties; and
            (G) to implement new or innovative economic development 
        practices that will better position the eligible counties of 
        Commission States to compete in the global economy.
        (4) Use of funds.--
            (A) In general.--Funds from a grant under the program may 
        be used to support a project, program, or related expense of 
        the Commission State in an eligible county.
            (B) Limitation.--Funds from a grant under the program shall 
        not be used for--
                (i) the purchase of furniture, fixtures, or equipment;
                (ii) the compensation of--

                    (I) any State member of the Commission (as 
                described in section 15301(b)(1)(B) of title 40, United 
                States Code); or
                    (II) any State alternate member of the Commission 
                (as described in section 15301(b)(2)(B) of title 40, 
                United States Code); or

                (iii) the cost of supplanting existing State programs.
        (5) Annual work plan.--
            (A) In general.--For each fiscal year, before providing a 
        grant under the program, each Commission State shall provide to 
        the Commission an annual work plan that includes the proposed 
        use of the grant.
            (B) Approval.--No grant under the program shall be provided 
        to a Commission State unless the Commission has approved the 
        annual work plan of the State.
        (6) Amount of grant.--
            (A) In general.--The amount of a grant provided to a 
        Commission State under the program for a fiscal year shall be 
        based on the proportion that--
                (i) the amount paid by the Commission State (including 
            any amounts paid on behalf of the Commission State by a 
            nonprofit organization) for administrative expenses for the 
            applicable fiscal year (as determined under section 
            15304(c) of title 40, United States Code); bears to
                (ii) the amount paid by all Commission States 
            (including any amounts paid on behalf of a Commission State 
            by a nonprofit organization) for administrative expenses 
            for that fiscal year (as determined under that section).
            (B) Requirement.--To be eligible to receive a grant under 
        the program for a fiscal year, a Commission State (or a 
        nonprofit organization on behalf of the Commission State) shall 
        pay the amount of administrative expenses of the Commission 
        State for the applicable fiscal year (as determined under 
        section 15304(c) of title 40, United States Code).
            (C) Approval.--For each fiscal year, a grant provided under 
        the program shall be approved and made available as part of the 
        approval of the annual budget of the Commission.
        (7) Grant availability.--Funds from a grant under the program 
    shall be available only during the fiscal year for which the grant 
    is provided.
        (8) Report.--Each fiscal year, each Commission State shall 
    submit to the Commission and make publicly available a report that 
    describes the use of the grant funds and the impact of the program 
    in the State.
        (9) Funding.--
            (A) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out this subsection $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2019 through 2023.
            (B) Supplement, not supplant.--Funds made available to 
        carry out this subsection shall supplement and not supplant 
        funds made available for the Commission and other activities of 
        the Commission.
    (d) Northern Border Regional Commission.--Section 15733 of title 
40, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by inserting ``Belknap,'' before ``Carroll,''; and
            (B) by inserting ``Cheshire,'' before ``Coos,'';
        (2) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(3) New york.--The counties of Cayuga, Clinton, Essex, 
    Franklin, Fulton, Genesee, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, 
    Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Montgomery, Niagara, Oneida, Orleans, 
    Oswego, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Seneca, St. Lawrence, 
    Sullivan, Washington, Warren, Wayne, and Yates in the State of New 
    York.''; and
        (3) in paragraph (4)--
            (A) by inserting ``Addison, Bennington,'' before 
        ``Caledonia,'';
            (B) by inserting ``Chittenden,'' before ``Essex,'';
            (C) by striking ``and'' and inserting ``Orange,'' and
            (D) by inserting ``, Rutland, Washington, Windham, and 
        Windsor'' after ``Orleans''.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 15751(a) of title 40, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$33,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.
    (f) Vacancies.--Section 15301 of title 40, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Succession.--Subject to the time limitations under section 
3346 of title 5, the Federal Cochairperson may designate a Federal 
employee of the Commission to perform the functions and duties of the 
office of the Federal Cochairperson temporarily in an acting capacity 
if both the Federal Cochairperson and the alternate Federal 
Cochairperson die, resign, or otherwise are unable to perform the 
functions and duties of their offices.''.
    (g) Technical Amendments.--Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4 of subtitle V of 
title 40, United States Code, are redesignated as chapters 151, 153, 
155, and 157, respectively.
SEC. 6305. DEFINITION OF RURAL AREA FOR PURPOSES OF THE HOUSING ACT OF 
1949.
    The second sentence of section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 
U.S.C. 1490) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``or 2010 decennial census'' and inserting 
    ``2010, or 2020 decennial census'';
        (2) by striking ``December 31, 2010,'' and inserting ``December 
    31, 2020,'' ; and
        (3) by striking ``year 2020'' and inserting ``year 2030''.
SEC. 6306. COUNCIL ON RURAL COMMUNITY INNOVATION AND ECONOMIC 
DEVELOPMENT.
    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to enhance the efforts 
of the Federal Government to address the needs of rural areas in the 
United States by--
        (1) establishing a council to better coordinate Federal 
    programs directed to rural communities;
        (2) maximizing the impact of Federal investment to promote 
    economic prosperity and quality of life in rural communities in the 
    United States; and
        (3) using innovation to resolve local and regional challenges 
    faced by rural communities.
    (b) Establishment.--
        (1) There is established a Council on Rural Community 
    Innovation and Economic Development (referred to in this section as 
    the ``Council'').
        (2) The Council shall be the successor to the Interagency Task 
    Force on Agriculture and Rural Prosperity established by Executive 
    Order 13790.
    (c) Membership.--
        (1) In general.--The membership of the Council shall be 
    composed of the heads of the following executive branch 
    departments, agencies, and offices:
            (A) The Department of Agriculture.
            (B) The Department of the Treasury.
            (C) The Department of Defense.
            (D) The Department of Justice.
            (E) The Department of the Interior.
            (F) The Department of Commerce.
            (G) The Department of Labor.
            (H) The Department of Health and Human Services.
            (I) The Department of Housing and Urban Development.
            (J) The Department of Transportation.
            (K) The Department of Energy.
            (L) The Department of Education.
            (M) The Department of Veterans Affairs.
            (N) The Department of Homeland Security.
            (O) The Environmental Protection Agency.
            (P) The Federal Communications Commission.
            (Q) The Office of Management and Budget.
            (R) The Office of Science and Technology Policy.
            (S) The Office of National Drug Control Policy.
            (T) The Council of Economic Advisers.
            (U) The Domestic Policy Council.
            (V) The National Economic Council.
            (W) The Small Business Administration.
            (X) The Council on Environmental Quality.
            (Y) The White House Office of Public Engagement.
            (Z) The White House Office of Cabinet Affairs.
            (AA) Such other executive branch departments, agencies, and 
        offices as the President or the Secretary may, from time to 
        time, designate.
        (2) Chair.--The Secretary shall serve as the Chair of the 
    Council.
        (3) Designees.--A member of the Council may designate, to 
    perform the Council functions of the member, a senior-level 
    official who is--
            (A) part of the department, agency, or office of the 
        member; and
            (B) a full-time officer or employee of the Federal 
        Government.
        (4) Administration.--The Council shall coordinate policy 
    development through the rural development mission area.
    (d) Funding.--The Secretary shall provide funding and 
administrative support for the Council to the extent permitted by law 
and within existing appropriations.
    (e) Mission and Function of the Council.--The Council shall work 
across executive departments, agencies, and offices to coordinate 
development of policy recommendations--
        (1) to maximize the impact of Federal investment on rural 
    communities;
        (2) to promote economic prosperity and quality of life in rural 
    communities; and
        (3) to use innovation to resolve local and regional challenges 
    faced by rural communities.
    (f) Duties.--The Council shall--
        (1) make recommendations to the President, acting through the 
    Director of the Domestic Policy Council and the Director of the 
    National Economic Council, on streamlining and leveraging Federal 
    investments in rural areas, where appropriate, to increase the 
    impact of Federal dollars and create economic opportunities to 
    improve the quality of life in rural areas in the United States;
        (2) coordinate and increase the effectiveness of Federal 
    engagement with rural stakeholders, including agricultural 
    organizations, small businesses, education and training 
    institutions, health-care providers, telecommunications services 
    providers, electric service providers, transportation providers, 
    research and land grant institutions, law enforcement, State, 
    local, and tribal governments, and nongovernmental organizations 
    regarding the needs of rural areas in the United States;
        (3) coordinate Federal efforts directed toward the growth and 
    development of rural geographic regions that encompass both 
    metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas;
        (4) identify and facilitate rural economic opportunities 
    associated with energy development, outdoor recreation, and other 
    conservation related activities; and
        (5) identify common economic and social challenges faced by 
    rural communities that could be served through--
            (A) better coordination of existing Federal and non-Federal 
        resources; and
            (B) innovative solutions utilizing governmental and 
        nongovernmental resources.
    (g) Executive Departments and Agencies.--
        (1) In general.--The heads of executive departments and 
    agencies shall assist and provide information to the Council, 
    consistent with applicable law, as may be necessary to carry out 
    the functions of the Council.
        (2) Expenses.--Each executive department or agency shall be 
    responsible for paying any expenses of the executive department or 
    agency for participating in the Council.
    (h) Council Working Groups.--
        (1) In general.--The Council may establish, in addition to the 
    working groups established under paragraph (3), such other working 
    groups as necessary.
        (2) Membership.--The Secretary shall include as members of each 
    working group such Council members, other heads of Federal agencies 
    (or their designees as defined in (d)(3)), and non-Federal partners 
    as determined appropriate to the subject matter.
        (3) Required working groups.--The working groups specified in 
    this paragraph are each of the following:
            (A) The rural smart communities working group.--
                (i) Establishment.--The Council shall establish a Rural 
            Smart Communities Working Group.
                (ii) Duties.--The Rural Smart Communities Working Group 
            shall--

                    (I) not later than 1 year after the establishment 
                of such Working Group, submit to Congress a report 
                describing efforts of rural areas to integrate smart 
                technology into their communities to solve challenges 
                relating to governance, economic development, quality 
                of life, or other relevant rural issues, as determined 
                by the Secretary; and
                    (II) create, publish, and maintain a resource guide 
                designed to assist States and other rural communities 
                in developing and implementing rural smart community 
                programs.

                (iii) Smart community defined.--For the purposes of 
            this subparagraph, the term ``smart community'' means a 
            community that has the ability to integrate multiple 
            technological solutions, in a secure fashion, to manage a 
            community's assets, including local government information 
            systems, schools, libraries, transportation systems, 
            hospitals, power plants, law enforcement, and other 
            community services with the goal of promoting quality of 
            life through the use of technology in ways that improve the 
            efficiency of services and meet residents' needs.
            (B) Jobs accelerator working group.--
                (i) Establishment.--The Council shall establish a Jobs 
            Accelerator Working Group.
                (ii) Goals.--The Jobs Accelerator Working Group shall 
            support rural jobs accelerators (as defined in section 
            379I(a)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
            Act)--

                    (I) to improve the ability of rural communities to 
                create high-wage jobs, accelerate the formation of new 
                businesses with high-growth potential, and strengthen 
                regional economies, including by helping to build 
                capacity in the applicable region to achieve those 
                goals; and
                    (II) to help rural communities identify and 
                maximize local assets and connect to regional 
                opportunities, networks, and industry clusters that 
                demonstrate high growth potential.

                (iii) Duties.--The Jobs Accelerator Working Group 
            shall--

                    (I) provide the public with available information 
                and technical assistance on Federal resources relevant 
                to a project and region;
                    (II) establish a Federal support team comprised of 
                staff from participating agencies in the working group 
                that shall provide coordinated and dedicated support 
                services to rural jobs accelerators; and
                    (III) provide opportunities for rural jobs 
                accelerators to share best practices and further 
                collaborate with one another.

 Subtitle D--Additional Amendments to the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
                            Development Act

SEC. 6401. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.
    Section 379H of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 2008v) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 379H. STRATEGIC ECONOMIC AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT.
    ``(a) In General.--In the case of any program under this title or 
administered by the Secretary, acting through the rural development 
mission area, as determined by the Secretary (referred to in this 
section as a `covered program'), the Secretary shall give priority to 
an application for a project that, as determined and approved by the 
Secretary--
        ``(1) meets the applicable eligibility requirements of this 
    title or the other applicable authorizing law;
        ``(2) will be carried out in a rural area; and
        ``(3) supports the implementation of a strategic community 
    investment plan described in subsection (d) on a multisectoral and 
    multijurisdictional basis, to include considerations for improving 
    and expanding broadband services as needed.
    ``(b) Reserve.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
    shall reserve not more than 15 percent of the funds made available 
    for a fiscal year for covered programs for projects that support 
    the implementation of a strategic community investment plan 
    described in subsection (d) on a multisectoral and 
    multijurisdictional basis.
        ``(2) Period.--Any funds reserved under paragraph (1) shall 
    only be reserved for the 1-year period beginning on the date on 
    which the funds were first made available, as determined by the 
    Secretary.
    ``(c) Approved Applications.--
        ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), any applicant who 
    submitted an application under a covered program that was approved 
    before the date of enactment of this section may amend the 
    application to qualify for the funds reserved under subsection (b).
        ``(2) Rural utilities.--Any applicant who submitted an 
    application under paragraph (2), (14), or (24) of section 306(a), 
    or section 306A or 310B(b), that was approved by the Secretary 
    before the date of enactment of this section shall be eligible for 
    the funds reserved under subsection (b)--
            ``(A) on the same basis as an application submitted under 
        this section; and
            ``(B) until September 30, 2019.
    ``(d) Strategic Community Investment Plans.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide assistance to 
    rural communities in developing strategic community investment 
    plans.
        ``(2) Plans.--A strategic community investment plan described 
    in paragraph (1) shall include--
            ``(A) a variety of activities designed to facilitate the 
        vision of a rural community for the future, including 
        considerations for improving and expanding broadband services 
        as needed;
            ``(B) participation by multiple stakeholders, including 
        local and regional partners;
            ``(C) leverage of applicable regional resources;
            ``(D) investment from strategic partners, such as--
                ``(i) private organizations;
                ``(ii) cooperatives;
                ``(iii) other government entities;
                ``(iv) Indian Tribes; and
                ``(v) philanthropic organizations;
            ``(E) clear objectives with the ability to establish 
        measurable performance metrics;
            ``(F) action steps for implementation; and
            ``(G) any other elements necessary to ensure that the plan 
        results in a comprehensive and strategic approach to rural 
        economic development, as determined by the Secretary.
        ``(3) Coordination.--The Secretary shall coordinate with Indian 
    Tribes and local, State, regional, and Federal partners to develop 
    strategic community investment plans under this subsection.
        ``(4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
    be appropriated to carry out this subsection $5,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2019 through 2023, to remain available until 
    expended.''.
SEC. 6402. EXPANDING ACCESS TO CREDIT FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES.
    (a) Certain Programs Under the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act.--Section 343(a)(13) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1991(a)(13)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) in the heading, by striking ``and guaranteed''; and
            (B) in the text--
                (i) by striking ``and guaranteed''; and
                (ii) by striking ``(1), (2), and (24)'' and inserting 
            ``(1) and (2)''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (C)--
            (A) by striking ``and guaranteed''; and
            (B) by striking ``(21), and (24)'' and inserting ``and 
        (21)''.
    (b) Population Caps for Guaranteed Lending.--Section 306(a)(24) of 
such Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(24)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(D) Priority.--
                ``(i) Water or waste facility.--The Secretary shall 
            prioritize water and waste facility projects under this 
            paragraph in rural areas with a population of not more than 
            10,000 people.
                ``(ii) Community facility.--Of the funds made available 
            to carry out this paragraph for community facility loan 
            guarantees for a fiscal year the following amounts shall be 
            reserved for projects in rural areas with a population of 
            not more than 20,000 inhabitants:

                    ``(I) 100 percent of the first $200,000,000 so made 
                available;
                    ``(II) 50 percent of the next $200,000,000 so made 
                available; and
                    ``(III) 25 percent of all amounts exceeding 
                $400,000,000 so made available,

            except that, to the extent that the Secretary demonstrates 
            that the funds so reserved are not needed to finance a 
            community facility project in such a rural area, the 
            Secretary may use the funds for other community facility 
            projects in accordance with this paragraph.''.
SEC. 6403. WATER, WASTE DISPOSAL, AND WASTEWATER FACILITY GRANTS.
    Section 306(a)(2)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(2)(B)) is amended--
        (1) in clause (iii), by striking ``$100,000'' each place it 
    appears and inserting ``$200,000''; and
        (2) in clause (vii), by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of 
    fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$15,000,000 for 
    each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.
SEC. 6404. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING 
PROGRAMS.
    Section 306(a)(14) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(14)) is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period and inserting a 
        semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
                ``(iv) identify options to enhance the long-term 
            sustainability of rural water and waste systems, including 
            operational practices, revenue enhancements, partnerships, 
            consolidation, regionalization, or contract services; and
                ``(v) address the contamination of drinking water and 
            surface water supplies by emerging contaminants, including 
            per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances.''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (C)--
            (A) by striking ``1 nor more than 3'' and inserting ``3 
        percent and not more than 5''; and
            (B) by striking ``1 per centum'' and inserting ``3 
        percent''.
SEC. 6405. RURAL WATER AND WASTEWATER CIRCUIT RIDER PROGRAM.
    Section 306(a)(22)(B) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(22)(B)) is amended by striking 
``$20,000,000 for fiscal year 2014 and each fiscal year thereafter'' 
and inserting ``$25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 
2023''.
SEC. 6406. TRIBAL COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY ESSENTIAL COMMUNITY 
FACILITIES.
    Section 306(a)(25)(C) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926(a)(25)(C)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 6407. EMERGENCY AND IMMINENT COMMUNITY WATER ASSISTANCE GRANT 
PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 306A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1926a) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
    the following: ``, particularly to projects to address 
    contamination that--
            ``(A) poses a threat to human health or the environment; 
        and
            ``(B) was caused by circumstances beyond the control of the 
        applicant for a grant, including circumstances that occurred 
        over a period of time; and'';
        (2) in subsection (d)(1)(D), by inserting ``, other than those 
    covered above for not to exceed 120 days when a more permanent 
    solution is not feasible in a shorter time frame. Where drinking 
    water supplies are inadequate due to an event, as determined by the 
    Secretary, including drought, severe weather, or contamination, the 
    Secretary may provide potable water for an additional period of 
    time not to exceed an additional 120 days in order to protect 
    public health'' before the period;
        (3) in subsection (e)(1)(B), by striking ``according to the 
    most recent decennial census of the United States'';
        (4) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
    inserting ``$1,000,000''; and
        (5) in subsection (i)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``3 nor more than 
            5'' and inserting ``5 percent and not more than 7''; and
                (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
            following:
            ``(B) Release.--
                ``(i) In general.--Funds reserved under subparagraph 
            (A) for a fiscal year shall be reserved only until July 1 
            of the fiscal year.
                ``(ii) Exception.--Notwithstanding clause (i), in 
            response to an eligible community where the drinking water 
            supplies are inadequate, as determined by the Secretary, 
            due to an event, including drought, severe weather, or 
            contamination, the Secretary may use funds described in 
            subparagraph (A) from July 1 through September 30 each 
            fiscal year to provide potable water under this section in 
            order to protect public health.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$35,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2008 through 2018'' and inserting ``$50,000,000 
        for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023''.
    (b) Interagency Task Force on Rural Water Quality.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    enactment of this section, the Secretary shall coordinate an 
    interagency task force to examine drinking water and surface water 
    contamination in rural communities, particularly rural communities 
    that are in close proximity to active or decommissioned military 
    installations in the United States.
        (2) Membership.--The interagency task force shall consist of--
            (A) the Secretary;
            (B) the Secretary of the Army, acting through the Chief of 
        Engineers;
            (C) the Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting 
        through--
                (i) the Director of the Agency for Toxic Substances and 
            Disease Registry; and
                (ii) the Director of the Centers for Disease Control 
            and Prevention;
            (D) the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development;
            (E) the Secretary of the Interior, acting through--
                (i) the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife 
            Service; and
                (ii) the Director of the United States Geological 
            Survey;
            (F) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
        Agency; and
            (G) representatives from rural drinking and wastewater 
        entities, State and community regulators, and appropriate 
        scientific experts that reflect a diverse cross-section of the 
        rural communities described in paragraph (1).
        (3) Report.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than 360 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the task force shall submit to the 
        committees described in subparagraph (B) a report that--
                (i) examines, and identifies issues relating to, water 
            contamination in rural communities, particularly rural 
            communities that are in close proximity to active or 
            decommissioned military installations in the United States;
                (ii) reviews the extent to which Federal, State, and 
            local government agencies coordinate with one another to 
            address the issues identified under clause (i);
                (iii) recommends how Federal, State, and local 
            government agencies can work together in the most 
            effective, efficient, and cost-effective manner 
            practicable, to address the issues identified under clause 
            (i); and
                (iv) recommends changes to existing statutory 
            requirements, regulatory requirements, or both, to improve 
            interagency coordination and responsiveness to address the 
            issues identified under clause (i).
            (B) Committees described.--The committees referred to in 
        subparagraph (A) are--
                (i) the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
            Representatives;
                (ii) the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
            Forestry of the Senate;
                (iii) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House 
            of Representatives;
                (iv) the Committee on Environment and Public Works of 
            the Senate;
                (v) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
            Representatives; and
                (vi) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
SEC. 6408. WATER SYSTEMS FOR RURAL AND NATIVE VILLAGES IN ALASKA.
    Section 306D of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926d) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Alaska for'' and inserting 
    ``Alaska, a consortium formed pursuant to section 325 of the 
    Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 
    1998 (Public Law 105-83; 111 Stat. 1597), and Native villages (as 
    defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 
    U.S.C. 1602)) for'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by inserting ``for any grant awarded 
    under subsection (a)'' before the period at the end; and
        (3) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Alaska'' and inserting 
        ``Alaska, and not more than 2 percent of the amount made 
        available under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year may be used by 
        a consortium formed pursuant to section 325 of the Department 
        of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998 
        (Public Law 105-83; 111 Stat. 1597),''.
SEC. 6409. RURAL DECENTRALIZED WATER SYSTEMS.
    Section 306E of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1926e) is amended--
        (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``rural 
    decentralized water systems'';
        (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``100'' and inserting 
    ``60'';
        (3) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by inserting ``and subgrants'' after ``loans''; and
                (ii) by inserting ``and individually owned household 
            decentralized wastewater systems'' after ``well systems'';
            (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
        ``(2) Terms and amounts.--
            ``(A) Terms of loans.--A loan made with grant funds under 
        this section--
                ``(i) shall have an interest rate of 1 percent; and
                ``(ii) shall have a term not to exceed 20 years.
            ``(B) Amounts.--A loan or subgrant made with grant funds 
        under this section shall not exceed $15,000 for each water well 
        system or decentralized wastewater system described in 
        paragraph (1).''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(4) Ground well water contamination.--In the event of ground 
    well water contamination, the Secretary shall allow a loan or 
    subgrant to be made with grant funds under this section for the 
    installation of water treatment where needed beyond the point of 
    entry, with or without the installation of a new water well 
    system.'';
        (4) in subsection (c), by striking ``productive use of 
    individually-owned household water well systems'' and inserting 
    ``effective use of individually owned household water well systems, 
    individually owned household decentralized wastewater systems,''; 
    and
        (5) in subsection (d)--
            (A) by striking ``$5,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$20,000,000''; and
            (B) by striking ``2014 through 2018'' and inserting ``2019 
        through 2023''.
SEC. 6410. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT GRANTS.
    Section 310B(b)(2) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(b)(2)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 6411. RURAL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.
    Section 310B(c)(4)(A) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(c)(4)(A)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 6412. RURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.
    (a) In General.--Section 310B(e) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(e)) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (10), by inserting ``(including research and 
    analysis based on data from the latest available Economic Census 
    conducted by the Bureau of the Census)'' after ``conduct 
    research''; and
        (2) in paragraph (13), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''.
    (b) Technical Correction.--Section 310B(e)(11)(B)(i) of such Act (7 
U.S.C. 1932(e)(11)(B)(i)) is amended by striking ``(12)'' and inserting 
``(13)''.
SEC. 6413. LOCALLY OR REGIONALLY PRODUCED AGRICULTURAL FOOD PRODUCTS.
    Section 310B(g)(9)(B)(iv)(I) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural 
Development Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(g)(9)(B)(iv)(I)) is amended by striking 
``2018'' and inserting ``2023''.
SEC. 6414. APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR RURAL AREAS PROGRAM.
    Section 310B(i)(4) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development 
Act (7 U.S.C. 1932(i)(4)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 6415. RURAL ECONOMIC AREA PARTNERSHIP ZONES.
    Section 310B(j) of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act 
(7 U.S.C. 1932(j)) is amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
``2023''.
SEC. 6416. INTEMEDIARY RELENDING PROGRAM.
    Section 310H of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act (7 
U.S.C. 1936b) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (i);
        (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:
    ``(e) Limitation on Loan Amounts.--The maximum amount of a loan by 
an eligible entity described in subsection (b) to individuals and 
entities for a project under subsection (c), including the unpaid 
balance of any existing loans, shall be the lesser of--
        ``(1) $400,000; and
        ``(2) 50 percent of the loan to the eligible entity under 
    subsection (a).
    ``(f) Applications.--
        ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a loan or loan 
    guarantee under subsection (a), an eligible entity described in 
    subsection (b) shall submit to the Secretary an application at such 
    time, in such manner, and containing such information as the 
    Secretary may require.
        ``(2) Evaluation.--In evaluating applications submitted under 
    paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
            ``(A)(i) take into consideration the previous performance 
        of an eligible entity in carrying out projects under subsection 
        (c); and
            ``(ii) in the case of satisfactory performance under clause 
        (i), require the eligible entity to contribute less equity for 
        subsequent loans without modifying the priority given to 
        subsequent applications; and
            ``(B) in assigning priorities to applications, require an 
        eligible entity to demonstrate that it has a governing or 
        advisory board made up of business, civic, and community 
        leaders who are representative of the communities of the 
        service area, without limitation to the size of the service 
        area.
    ``(g) Return of Equity.--The Secretary shall establish a schedule 
that is consistent with the amortization schedules of the portfolio of 
loans made or guaranteed under subsection (a) for the return of any 
equity contribution made under this section by an eligible entity 
described in subsection (b), if the eligible entity is--
        ``(1) current on