Text: H.R.2291 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (05/02/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 2291


To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to expand the coverage of telehealth services under the Medicare program, to provide coverage for home-based monitoring for congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease under such program, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 2, 2017

Mr. Duffy introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committee on Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to expand the coverage of telehealth services under the Medicare program, to provide coverage for home-based monitoring for congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease under such program, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title.

This Act may be cited as the “Helping Expand Access to Rural Telemedicine Act of 2017” or as the “HEART Act of 2017”.

SEC. 2. Expansions of coverage of telehealth services.

(a) Counties in MSAs with populations less than 70,000 individuals.—Section 1834(m)(4)(C) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m(m)(4)(C)(i)) is amended in clause (i)(II) by inserting “both a county that has a population of greater than 70,000 individuals, according to the most recent decennial census, and a county that is” before “included in a Metropolitan Statistical Area”.

(b) Critical access and sole community hospitals.—Section 1834(m)(4)(C) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m(m)(4)(C)), as amended by subsection (a), is further amended—

(1) in clause (i), by inserting “, in the case that such site is not a site described in subclause (II) or (IX) of such clause,” after “via a telecommunications system and”; and

(2) in clause (ii), by adding at the end the following new subclause:

“(IX) A sole community hospital (as defined in section 1886(d)(5)(D)(iii)).”.

(c) Store-and-Forward technologies.—Section 1834(m)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m(m)(1)) is amended by inserting “any telehealth services that are furnished from a distant site, or to an originating site, that is a critical access hospital (as described in paragraph subclause (II) of paragraph (4)(C)(ii)), a rural health clinic (as described in subclause (III) of such paragraph), or a sole community hospital (as described in subclause (IX) of such paragraph), or of” after “in the case of”.

(d) Rural health clinics as distant sites.—Section 1834(m)(4)(A) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m(m)(4)(A)) is amended—

(1) by striking “site.—The term” and inserting:

sITE.—

“(i) IN GENERAL.—The term”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following new clause:

“(ii) TREATMENT OF RURAL HEALTH CLINICS.—A site described in clause (i) includes a rural health clinic (as defined in section 1861(aa)(2)). In any case in which such a clinic is treated as a distant site with respect to the provision of a telehealth service to an eligible telehealth individual for which payment is made under this subsection, such service shall not be treated as a rural health clinic service, and payment may not otherwise be made under this title with respect to such service provided to such individual.”.

(e) Covered services.—Section 1834(m)(4)(F)(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m(m)(4)(F)(i)) is amended—

(1) by striking “and office” and inserting “office”; and

(2) by inserting by adding at the end the following new sentence: “respiratory services, audiology services (as defined in section 1861(ll)), outpatient therapy services (including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology services)” after “the Secretary)),”.

(f) Providers.—Subsection (m) of section 1834 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m) is amended—

(1) in paragraph (1), by striking “or a practitioner (described in section 1842(b)(18)(C))” and inserting “, a practitioner (described in section 1842(b)(18)(C)), or an applicable professional (as defined in paragraph (4)(G))”;

(2) by striking “physician or practitioner” each time it appears in such subsection and inserting “physician, practitioner, or applicable professional”;

(3) in paragraph (3)(A)—

(A) in the heading, by striking “Physician and Practitioner” and inserting “Physician, Practitioner, and Applicable Professional”; and

(B) by striking “physicians or practitioners” and inserting “physicians, suppliers, or practitioners”; and

(4) in paragraph (4), by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

“(G) APPLICABLE PROFESSIONAL.—The term ‘applicable professional’ means, with respect to services furnished on or after the date that is 6 months after the date of the enactment of this subparagraph, a certified diabetes educator or licensed—

“(i) respiratory therapist;

“(ii) audiologist;

“(iii) occupational therapist;

“(iv) physical therapist; or

“(v) speech language pathologist.”.

SEC. 3. Home-based monitoring services for congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

(a) Coverage of remote patient monitoring services for certain chronic health conditions.—

(1) IN GENERAL.—Section 1861(s)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x(s)(2)) is amended—

(A) in subparagraph (EE), by striking “and” at the end;

(B) in subparagraph (FF), by inserting “and” at the end; and

(C) by inserting after subparagraph (FF) the following new subparagraph:

“(GG) applicable remote patient monitoring services (as defined in paragraph (1)(A) of subsection (iii));”.

(b) Services described.—Section 1861 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

“(iii) Remote patient monitoring services for chronic health conditions.— (1) (A) The term ‘applicable remote patient monitoring services’ means remote patient monitoring services (as defined in subparagraph (B)) furnished to provide for the monitoring, evaluation, and management of an individual with a covered chronic condition (as defined in paragraph (2)), insofar as such services are for the management of such chronic condition.

“(B) The term ‘remote patient monitoring services’ means services furnished through remote patient monitoring technology (as defined in subparagraph (C)).

“(C) The term ‘remote patient monitoring technology’ means a coordinated system that uses one or more home-based or mobile monitoring devices that automatically transmit vital sign data or information on activities of daily living and may include responses to assessment questions collected on the devices wirelessly or through a telecommunications connection to a server that complies with the Federal regulations (concerning the privacy of individually identifiable health information) promulgated under section 264(c) of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, as part of an established plan of care for that patient that includes the review and interpretation of that data by a health care professional.

“(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the term ‘covered chronic health condition’ means applicable conditions (as defined in and applied under section 1886(q)(5)) when under chronic care management (identified as of July 1, 2015, by HCPCS code 99490 (and as subsequently modified by the Secretary)).

“(3) (A) Payment may be made under this part for applicable remote patient monitoring services provided to an individual during a period of up to 90 days and such additional period as provided for under subparagraph (B).

“(B) The 90-day period described in subparagraph (A), with respect to an individual, may be renewed by the physician who provides chronic care management to such individual if the individual continues to qualify for such management.”.

(c) Payment under the physician fee schedule.—Section 1848 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–4) is amended—

(1) in subsection (c)—

(A) in paragraph (2)(B)—

(i) in clause (ii)(II), by striking “and (v)” and inserting “(v), and (vii)”; and

(ii) by adding at the end the following new clause:

“(vii) BUDGETARY TREATMENT OF CERTAIN SERVICES.—The additional expenditures attributable to services described in section 1861(s)(2)(GG) shall not be taken into account in applying clause (ii)(II).”; and

(B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

“(7) TREATMENT OF APPLICABLE REMOTE PATIENT MONITORING SERVICES.—

“(A) In determining relative value units for applicable remote patient monitoring services (as defined in section 1861(iii)(1)(A)), the Secretary, in consultation with appropriate physician groups, practitioner groups, and supplier groups, shall take into consideration—

“(i) physician or practitioner resources, including physician or practitioner time and the level of intensity of services provided, based on—

“(I) the frequency of evaluation necessary to manage the individual being furnished the services;

“(II) the complexity of the evaluation, including the information that must be obtained, reviewed, and analyzed; and

“(III) the number of possible diagnoses and the number of management options that must be considered;

“(ii) practice expense costs associated with such services, including the direct costs associated with installation and information transmission, costs of remote patient monitoring technology (including equipment and software), device delivery costs, and resource costs necessary for patient monitoring and follow-up (but not including costs of any related item or non-physician service otherwise reimbursed under this title); and

“(iii) malpractice expense resources.

“(B) Using the relative value units determined in subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall provide for separate payment for such services and shall not adjust the relative value units assigned to other services that might otherwise have been determined to include such separately paid remote patient monitoring services.”; and

(2) in subsection (j)(3), by inserting “(2)(GG),” after “health risk assessment),”.

SEC. 4. Effective date.

The amendments made by this Act shall apply to items or services furnished on or after the date that is 6 months after the date of the enactment of the this Act.