Text: H.R.2353 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Public Law No: 115-224 (07/31/2018)

 
[115th Congress Public Law 224]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 132 STAT. 1563]]

Public Law 115-224
115th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To reauthorize the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 
              2006. <<NOTE: July 31, 2018 -  [H.R. 2353]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Strengthening 
Career and Technical Education for the 21st Century Act. 20 USC 2301 
note.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Strengthening Career and Technical 
Education for the 21st Century Act''.
SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. References.
Sec. 4. Effective date.
Sec. 5. Table of contents of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical 
           Education Act of 2006.
Sec. 6. Purpose.
Sec. 7. Definitions.
Sec. 8. Transition provisions.
Sec. 9. Prohibitions.
Sec. 10. Authorization of appropriations.

    TITLE I--CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO THE STATES

                    PART A--Allotment and Allocation

Sec. 110. Reservations and State allotment.
Sec. 111. Within State allocation.
Sec. 112. Accountability.
Sec. 113. National activities.
Sec. 114. Assistance for the outlying areas.
Sec. 115. Native American Programs.
Sec. 116. Tribally controlled postsecondary career and technical 
           institutions.
Sec. 117. Occupational and employment information.

                        PART B--State Provisions

Sec. 121. State administration.
Sec. 122. State plan.
Sec. 123. Improvement plans.
Sec. 124. State leadership activities.

                        PART C--Local Provisions

Sec. 131. Distribution of funds to secondary education programs.
Sec. 132. Special rules for career and technical education.
Sec. 133. Local application for career and technical education programs.
Sec. 134. Local uses of funds.

                      TITLE II--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 201. Federal and State administrative provisions.

                   TITLE III--AMENDMENTS TO OTHER LAWS

Sec. 301. Amendments to the Wagner-Peyser Act.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1564]]

Sec. 302. Amendments to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
           1965.
Sec. 303. Amendment to the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act.

SEC. 3. REFERENCES.

    Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to 
be made to a section or other provision of the Carl D. Perkins Career 
and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.).
SEC. 4. <<NOTE: 20 USC 2301 note.>>  EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This Act, and the amendments made by this Act, shall take effect 
beginning on July 1, 2019.
SEC. 5. TABLE OF CONTENTS OF THE CARL D. PERKINS CAREER AND 
                    TECHNICAL EDUCATION ACT OF 2006.

    Section 1(b) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

``Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
``Sec. 2. Purpose.
``Sec. 3. Definitions.
``Sec. 4. Transition provisions.
``Sec. 5. Privacy.
``Sec. 6. Limitation.
``Sec. 7. Special rule.
``Sec. 8. Prohibitions.
``Sec. 9. Authorization of appropriations.

   ``TITLE I--CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO THE STATES

                   ``Part A--Allotment and Allocation

``Sec. 111. Reservations and State allotment.
``Sec. 112. Within State allocation.
``Sec. 113. Accountability.
``Sec. 114. National activities.
``Sec. 115. Assistance for the outlying areas.
``Sec. 116. Native American programs.
``Sec. 117. Tribally controlled postsecondary career and technical 
           institutions.

                       ``Part B--State Provisions

``Sec. 121. State administration.
``Sec. 122. State plan.
``Sec. 123. Improvement plans.
``Sec. 124. State leadership activities.

                       ``Part C--Local Provisions

``Sec. 131. Distribution of funds to secondary education programs.
``Sec. 132. Distribution of funds for postsecondary education programs.
``Sec. 133. Special rules for career and technical education.
``Sec. 134. Local application for career and technical education 
           programs.
``Sec. 135. Local uses of funds.

                     ``TITLE II--GENERAL PROVISIONS

               ``Part A--Federal Administrative Provisions

``Sec. 211. Fiscal requirements.
``Sec. 212. Authority to make payments.
``Sec. 213. Construction.
``Sec. 214. Voluntary selection and participation.
``Sec. 215. Limitation for certain students.
``Sec. 216. Federal laws guaranteeing civil rights.
``Sec. 217. Participation of private school personnel and children.
``Sec. 218. Limitation on Federal regulations.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1565]]

``Sec. 219. Study on programs of study aligned to high-skill, high-wage 
           occupations.

                ``Part B--State Administrative Provisions

``Sec. 221. Joint funding.
``Sec. 222. Prohibition on use of funds to induce out-of-State 
           relocation of businesses.
``Sec. 223. State administrative costs.
``Sec. 224. Student assistance and other Federal programs.''.

SEC. 6. PURPOSE.

    Section 2 (20 U.S.C. 2301) is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``academic and career and technical 
                skills'' and inserting ``academic knowledge and 
                technical and employability skills''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``and programs of study'' after 
                ``technical education programs'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``high demand 
        occupations'' and inserting ``in-demand occupations'';
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``, including tech prep 
        education'';
            (4) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``and programs of study'' 
        after ``technical education programs'';
            (5) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (6) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) increasing the employment opportunities for 
        populations who are chronically unemployed or underemployed, 
        including individuals with disabilities, individuals from 
        economically disadvantaged families, out-of-workforce 
        individuals, youth who are in, or have aged out of, the foster 
        care system, and homeless individuals.''.
SEC. 7. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 3 (20 U.S.C. 2302) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (10), (16), (23), (24), (25), 
        (26), and (32);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (8), (9), (11), (12), (13), 
        (14), (15), (17), (18), (19), (20), (21), (22), (27), (28), 
        (29), (30), (31), (33), and (34) as paragraphs (9), (10), (17), 
        (18), (20), (21), (24), (28), (30), (31), (33), (34), (39), 
        (44), (45), (48), (49), (50), (51), and (52), respectively;
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``, including information 
        as described in section 118''.
            (4) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``5 different 
                occupational fields to individuals who are available for 
                study in preparation for entering the labor market'' and 
                inserting ``3 different fields that are available to all 
                students, especially in high-skill, high-wage, or in-
                demand industry sectors or occupations''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``not fewer 
                than 5 different occupational fields'' and inserting 
                ``not fewer than 3 different occupational fields'';
            (5) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1566]]

                          ``(i) provides individuals with rigorous 
                      academic content and relevant technical knowledge 
                      and skills needed to prepare for further education 
                      and careers in current or emerging professions, 
                      which may include high-skill, high-wage, or in-
                      demand industry sectors or occupations, which 
                      shall be, at the secondary level, aligned with the 
                      challenging State academic standards adopted by a 
                      State under section 1111(b)(1) of the Elementary 
                      and Secondary Education Act of 1965;'';
                          (ii) in clause (ii), by striking ``, an 
                      industry-recognized credential, a certificate, or 
                      an associate degree'' and inserting ``or a 
                      recognized postsecondary credential, which may 
                      include an industry-recognized credential, a 
                      certificate, or an associate degree''; and
                          (iii) in clause (iii), by striking ``and'' at 
                      the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by inserting ``, work-based, or other'' 
                      after ``competency-based'';
                          (ii) by striking ``contributes to the'' and 
                      inserting ``supports the development of'';
                          (iii) by striking ``general''; and
                          (iv) by striking the period at the end and 
                      inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) to the extent practicable, coordinate between 
                secondary and postsecondary education programs through 
                programs of study, which may include coordination 
                through articulation agreements, early college high 
                school programs, dual or concurrent enrollment program 
                opportunities, or other credit transfer agreements that 
                provide postsecondary credit or advanced standing; and
                    ``(D) may include career exploration at the high 
                school level or as early as the middle grades (as such 
                term is defined in section 8101 of the Elementary and 
                Secondary Education Act of 1965).'';
            (6) in paragraph (7)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``(and parents, as 
                      appropriate)'' and inserting ``(and, as 
                      appropriate, parents and out-of-school youth)'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``exploration 
                      opportunities'' after ``regarding career 
                      awareness''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by inserting ``to students (and, as 
                      appropriate, parents and out-of-school youth)'' 
                      after ``provides information''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``financial aid,'' and all 
                      that follows through the end of the subparagraph 
                      and inserting ``financial aid, job training, 
                      secondary and postsecondary options (including 
                      associate and baccalaureate degree programs), dual 
                      or concurrent enrollment programs, work-based 
                      learning opportunities, early college high 
                      schools, financial literacy, and support services, 
                      as appropriate; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1567]]

                    ``(C) may provide assistance for special populations 
                with respect to direct support services that enable 
                students to persist in and complete career and technical 
                education, programs of study, or career pathways.'';
            (7) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:
            ``(8) Career pathways.--The term `career pathways' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation 
        and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).'';
            (8) by inserting after paragraph (10) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(11) Credit transfer agreement.--The term `credit transfer 
        agreement' means a formal agreement, such as an articulation 
        agreement, among and between secondary and postsecondary 
        education institutions or systems that grant students 
        transcripted postsecondary credit, which may include credit 
        granted to students in dual or concurrent enrollment programs or 
        early college high school, dual credit, articulated credit, and 
        credit granted on the basis of performance on technical or 
        academic assessments.
            ``(12) CTE concentrator.--The term `CTE concentrator' 
        means--
                    ``(A) at the secondary school level, a student 
                served by an eligible recipient who has completed at 
                least 2 courses in a single career and technical 
                education program or program of study; and
                    ``(B) at the postsecondary level, a student enrolled 
                in an eligible recipient who has--
                          ``(i) earned at least 12 credits within a 
                      career and technical education program or program 
                      of study; or
                          ``(ii) completed such a program if the program 
                      encompasses fewer than 12 credits or the 
                      equivalent in total.
            ``(13) CTE participant.--The term `CTE participant' means an 
        individual who completes not less than one course in a career 
        and technical education program or program of study of an 
        eligible recipient.
            ``(14) Director.--The term `Director' means the Director of 
        the Institute of Education Sciences.
            ``(15) Dual or concurrent enrollment program.--The term 
        `dual or concurrent enrollment program' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965.
            ``(16) Early college high school.--The term `early college 
        high school' has the meaning given the term in section 8101 of 
        the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.'';
            (9) by inserting after paragraph (18) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(19) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
        consortium that includes the following:
                    ``(A) Representatives of not less than 2 of the 
                following categories of entities, 1 of which shall serve 
                as the fiscal agent for the consortium:
                          ``(i) A local educational agency or a 
                      consortium of such agencies.
                          ``(ii) An educational service agency serving 
                      secondary school students.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1568]]

                          ``(iii) An area career and technical education 
                      school or a consortium of such schools.
                          ``(iv) An Indian Tribe, Tribal organization, 
                      or Tribal educational agency.
                          ``(v) An institution of higher education whose 
                      most common degree awarded is an associate degree, 
                      or a consortium of such institutions.
                          ``(vi) An institution of higher education 
                      whose most common degree awarded is a bachelor's 
                      or higher degree, or a consortium of such 
                      institutions.
                          ``(vii) A State educational agency.
                    ``(B) One or more business or industry 
                representative partners, which may include 
                representatives of local or regional businesses or 
                industries, including industry or sector partnerships in 
                the local area, local workforce development boards, or 
                labor organizations.
                    ``(C) One or more stakeholders, which may include--
                          ``(i) parents and students;
                          ``(ii) representatives of local agencies 
                      serving out-of-school youth, homeless children and 
                      youth, and at-risk youth (as defined in section 
                      1432 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                      of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6472));
                          ``(iii) representatives of Indian tribes and 
                      Tribal organizations, where applicable;
                          ``(iv) representatives of minority-serving 
                      institutions (as described in paragraphs (1) 
                      through (7) of section 371(a) of the Higher 
                      Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)), where 
                      applicable;
                          ``(v) representatives of special populations;
                          ``(vi) representatives of adult career and 
                      technical education providers; or
                          ``(vii) other relevant community 
                      stakeholders.'';
            (10) by amending paragraph (20) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) to read as follows:
            ``(20) Eligible institution.--The term `eligible 
        institution' means--
                    ``(A) a consortium of 2 or more of the entities 
                described in subparagraphs (B) through (F);
                    ``(B) a public or nonprofit private institution of 
                higher education that offers and will use funds provided 
                under this title in support of career and technical 
                education courses that lead to technical skill 
                proficiency or a recognized postsecondary credential, 
                including an industry-recognized credential, a 
                certificate, or an associate degree;
                    ``(C) a local educational agency providing education 
                at the postsecondary level;
                    ``(D) an area career and technical education school 
                providing education at the postsecondary level;
                    ``(E) an Indian Tribe, Tribal organization, or 
                Tribal education agency that operates a school or may be 
                present in the State;
                    ``(F) a postsecondary educational institution 
                controlled by the Bureau of Indian Education or operated 
                by or on behalf of any Indian Tribe that is eligible to 
                contract with the Secretary of the Interior for the 
                administration of programs under the Indian Self-
                Determination and Education

[[Page 132 STAT. 1569]]

                Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.) or the Act of 
                April 16, 1934 (25 U.S.C. 5342 et seq.);
                    ``(G) a tribally controlled college or university; 
                or
                    ``(H) an educational service agency.'';
            (11) in paragraph (21) (as redesignated by paragraph (2)), 
        by inserting ``an Indian Tribe, Tribal organization, or Tribal 
        educational agency'' after ``service agency,'';
            (12) by inserting after paragraph (21) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(22) English learner.--The term `English learner' means--
                    ``(A) a secondary school student who is an English 
                learner, as defined in section 8101 of the Elementary 
                and Secondary Education Act of 1965; or
                    ``(B) an adult or an out-of-school youth who has 
                limited ability in speaking, reading, writing, or 
                understanding the English language and--
                          ``(i) whose native language is a language 
                      other than English; or
                          ``(ii) who lives in a family environment or 
                      community in which a language other than English 
                      is the dominant language.
            ``(23) Evidence-based.--The term `evidence-based' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 8101(21)(A) of the Elementary 
        and Secondary Education Act of 1965.'';
            (13) by inserting after paragraph (24) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(25) High school.--The term `high school' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965.
            ``(26) In-demand industry sector or occupation.--The term 
        `in-demand industry sector or occupation' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).
            ``(27) Indian; indian tribe.--The terms `Indian' and `Indian 
        Tribe' have the meanings given the terms `Indian' and `Indian 
        tribe', respectively, in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).'';
            (14) by inserting after paragraph (28) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(29) Industry or sector partnership.--The term `industry 
        or sector partnership' has the meaning given the term in section 
        3 of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 
        3102).'';
            (15) by inserting after paragraph (31) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(32) Local workforce development board.--The term `local 
        workforce development board' means a local workforce development 
        board established under section 107 of the Workforce Innovation 
        and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3122).'';
            (16) in paragraph (33) (as redesignated by paragraph (2)), 
        by striking ``including'' and inserting ``such as'';
            (17) by inserting after paragraph (34) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(35) Out-of-school youth.--The term `out-of-school youth' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Workforce 
        Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1570]]

            ``(36) Out-of-workforce individual.--The term `out-of-
        workforce individual' means--
                    ``(A) an individual who is a displaced homemaker, as 
                defined in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102); or
                    ``(B) an individual who--
                          ``(i)(I) has worked primarily without 
                      remuneration to care for a home and family, and 
                      for that reason has diminished marketable skills; 
                      or
                          ``(II) is a parent whose youngest dependent 
                      child will become ineligible to receive assistance 
                      under part A of title IV of the Social Security 
                      Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) not later than 2 years 
                      after the date on which the parent applies for 
                      assistance under such title; and
                          ``(ii) is unemployed or underemployed and is 
                      experiencing difficulty in obtaining or upgrading 
                      employment.
            ``(37) Paraprofessional.--The term `paraprofessional' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965.
            ``(38) Pay for success initiative.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                term `pay for success initiative' means a performance-
                based grant, contract, or cooperative agreement awarded 
                by a State or local public entity (such as a local 
                educational agency) to a public or private nonprofit 
                entity--
                          ``(i) in which a commitment is made to pay for 
                      improved outcomes that result in increased public 
                      value and social benefit to students and the 
                      public sector, such as improved student outcomes 
                      as evidenced by the indicators of performance 
                      described in section 113(b)(2) and direct cost 
                      savings or cost avoidance to the public sector; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) that includes--
                                    ``(I) a feasibility study on the 
                                initiative describing how the proposed 
                                intervention is based on evidence of 
                                effectiveness;
                                    ``(II) a rigorous, third-party 
                                evaluation that uses experimental or 
                                quasi-experimental design or other 
                                research methodologies that allow for 
                                the strongest possible causal inferences 
                                to determine whether the initiative has 
                                met its proposed outcomes;
                                    ``(III) an annual, publicly 
                                available report on the progress of the 
                                initiative; and
                                    ``(IV) a requirement that payments 
                                are made to the recipient of a grant, 
                                contract, or cooperative agreement only 
                                when agreed upon outcomes are achieved, 
                                except that the entity may make payments 
                                to the third party conducting the 
                                evaluation described in subclause (II).
                    ``(B) Exclusion.--The term `pay for success 
                initiative' does not include any initiative that--
                          ``(i) reduces the special education or related 
                      services that a student would otherwise receive 
                      under the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                      Act; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 1571]]

                          ``(ii) otherwise reduces the rights of a 
                      student or the obligations of an entity under the 
                      Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the 
                      Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et 
                      seq.), the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 
                      (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.), or any other law.''.
            (18) in paragraph (39)(C) (as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2)), by striking ``apprenticeship'' and inserting ``other 
        skilled training'';
            (19) by inserting after paragraph (39) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(40) Professional development.--The term `professional 
        development' means activities that--
                    ``(A) are an integral part of eligible agency, 
                eligible recipient, institution, or school strategies 
                for providing educators (including teachers, principals, 
                other school leaders, administrators, specialized 
                instructional support personnel, career guidance and 
                academic counselors, and paraprofessionals) with the 
                knowledge and skills necessary to enable students to 
                succeed in career and technical education, to meet 
                challenging State academic standards under section 
                1111(b)(1) of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
                Act, or to achieve academic skills at the postsecondary 
                level; and
                    ``(B) are sustained (not stand-alone, 1-day, or 
                short-term workshops), intensive, collaborative, job-
                embedded, data-driven, and classroom-focused, to the 
                extent practicable evidence-based, and may include 
                activities that--
                          ``(i) improve and increase educators'--
                                    ``(I) knowledge of the academic and 
                                technical subjects;
                                    ``(II) understanding of how students 
                                learn; and
                                    ``(III) ability to analyze student 
                                work and achievement from multiple 
                                sources, including how to adjust 
                                instructional strategies, assessments, 
                                and materials based on such analysis;
                          ``(ii) are an integral part of eligible 
                      recipients' improvement plans;
                          ``(iii) allow personalized plans for each 
                      educator to address the educator's specific needs 
                      identified in observation or other feedback;
                          ``(iv) support the recruitment, hiring, and 
                      training of effective educators, including 
                      educators who became certified through State and 
                      local alternative routes to certification;
                          ``(v) advance educator understanding of--
                                    ``(I) effective instructional 
                                strategies that are evidence-based; and
                                    ``(II) strategies for improving 
                                student academic and technical 
                                achievement or substantially increasing 
                                the knowledge and teaching skills of 
                                educators;
                          ``(vi) are developed with extensive 
                      participation of educators, parents, students, and 
                      representatives of Indian Tribes (as applicable), 
                      of schools and institutions served under this Act;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1572]]

                          ``(vii) are designed to give educators of 
                      students who are English learners in career and 
                      technical education programs or programs of study 
                      the knowledge and skills to provide instruction 
                      and appropriate language and academic support 
                      services to those students, including the 
                      appropriate use of curricula and assessments;
                          ``(viii) as a whole, are regularly evaluated 
                      for their impact on increased educator 
                      effectiveness and improved student academic and 
                      technical achievement, with the findings of the 
                      evaluations used to improve the quality of 
                      professional development;
                          ``(ix) are designed to give educators of 
                      individuals with disabilities in career and 
                      technical education programs or programs of study 
                      the knowledge and skills to provide instruction 
                      and academic support services to those 
                      individuals, including positive behavioral 
                      interventions and supports, multi-tier system of 
                      supports, and use of accommodations;
                          ``(x) include instruction in the use of data 
                      and assessments to inform and instruct classroom 
                      practice;
                          ``(xi) include instruction in ways that 
                      educators may work more effectively with parents 
                      and families;
                          ``(xii) provide follow-up training to 
                      educators who have participated in activities 
                      described in this paragraph that are designed to 
                      ensure that the knowledge and skills learned by 
                      the educators are implemented in the classroom;
                          ``(xiii) promote the integration of academic 
                      knowledge and skills and relevant technical 
                      knowledge and skills, including programming 
                      jointly delivered to academic and career and 
                      technical education teachers; or
                          ``(xiv) increase the ability of educators 
                      providing career and technical education 
                      instruction to stay current with industry 
                      standards.
            ``(41) Program of study.--The term `program of study' means 
        a coordinated, nonduplicative sequence of academic and technical 
        content at the secondary and postsecondary level that--
                    ``(A) incorporates challenging State academic 
                standards, including those adopted by a State under 
                section 1111(b)(1) of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965;
                    ``(B) addresses both academic and technical 
                knowledge and skills, including employability skills;
                    ``(C) is aligned with the needs of industries in the 
                economy of the State, region, Tribal community, or local 
                area;
                    ``(D) progresses in specificity (beginning with all 
                aspects of an industry or career cluster and leading to 
                more occupation-specific instruction);
                    ``(E) has multiple entry and exit points that 
                incorporate credentialing; and
                    ``(F) culminates in the attainment of a recognized 
                postsecondary credential.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1573]]

            ``(42) Qualified intermediary.--The term `qualified 
        intermediary' means a nonprofit entity, which may be part of an 
        industry or sector partnership, that demonstrates expertise in 
        building, connecting, sustaining, and measuring partnerships 
        with entities such as employers, schools, community-based 
        organizations, postsecondary institutions, social service 
        organizations, economic development organizations, Indian tribes 
        or Tribal organizations, and workforce systems to broker 
        services, resources, and supports to youth and the organizations 
        and systems that are designed to serve youth, including--
                    ``(A) connecting employers to classrooms;
                    ``(B) assisting in the design and implementation of 
                career and technical education programs and programs of 
                study;
                    ``(C) delivering professional development;
                    ``(D) connecting students to internships and other 
                work-based learning opportunities; and
                    ``(E) developing personalized student supports.
            ``(43) Recognized postsecondary credential.--The term 
        `recognized postsecondary credential' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity 
        Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).'';
            (20) by inserting after paragraph (45) (as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following:
            ``(46) Specialized instructional support personnel.--The 
        term `specialized instructional support personnel' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965.
            ``(47) Specialized instructional support services.--The term 
        `specialized instructional support services' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965.'';
            (21) in paragraph (48) (as redesignated by paragraph (2))--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``foster 
                children'' and inserting ``low-income youth and 
                adults'';
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (E) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(E) out-of-workforce individuals;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``individuals 
                with limited English proficiency.'' and inserting 
                ``English learners;''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) homeless individuals described in section 725 
                of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                11434a);
                    ``(H) youth who are in, or have aged out of, the 
                foster care system; and
                    ``(I) youth with a parent who--
                          ``(i) is a member of the armed forces (as such 
                      term is defined in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, 
                      United States Code); and
                          ``(ii) is on active duty (as such term is 
                      defined in section 101(d)(1) of such title).'';
            (22) in paragraph (50) (as redesignated by paragraph (2)), 
        by inserting ``(including paraprofessionals and specialized 
        instructional support personnel)'' after ``supportive 
        personnel'';
            (23) in paragraph (52) (as redesignated by paragraph (2))--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1574]]

                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Indian tribe 
                or Indian tribes'' and inserting ``Indian Tribe or 
                Indian Tribes''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D)--
                          (i) by striking ``tribal'' and inserting 
                      ``Tribal''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``or tribal lands'' after 
                      ``reservations''; and
            (24) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(53) Tribal organization.--The term `Tribal organization' 
        has the meaning given the term `tribal organization' in section 
        4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act 
        (25 U.S.C. 5304).
            ``(54) Universal design for learning.--The term `universal 
        design for learning' has the meaning given the term in section 
        8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
            ``(55) Work-based learning.--The term `work-based learning' 
        means sustained interactions with industry or community 
        professionals in real workplace settings, to the extent 
        practicable, or simulated environments at an educational 
        institution that foster in-depth, firsthand engagement with the 
        tasks required in a given career field, that are aligned to 
        curriculum and instruction.''.
SEC. 8. TRANSITION PROVISIONS.

    Section 4 (20 U.S.C. 2303) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate'' and inserting ``are necessary'';
            (2) by striking ``Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical 
        Education Improvement Act of 2006'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the 
        21st Century Act''; and
            (3) by striking ``1998'' and inserting ``2006''.
SEC. 9. PROHIBITIONS.

    Section 8 (20 U.S.C. 2306a) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Federal Government to 
        mandate,'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
        and inserting ``Federal Government--
            ``(1) to condition or incentivize the receipt of any grant, 
        contract, or cooperative agreement, or the receipt of any 
        priority or preference under such grant, contract, or 
        cooperative agreement, upon a State, local educational agency, 
        eligible agency, eligible recipient, eligible entity, or 
        school's adoption or implementation of specific instructional 
        content, academic standards and assessments, curricula, or 
        program of instruction (including any condition, priority, or 
        preference to adopt the Common Core State Standards developed 
        under the Common Core State Standards Initiative, any other 
        academic standards common to a significant number of States, or 
        any assessment, instructional content, or curriculum aligned to 
        such standards);
            ``(2) through grants, contracts, or other cooperative 
        agreements, to mandate, direct, or control a State, local 
        educational agency, eligible agency, eligible recipient, 
        eligible entity, or school's specific instructional content, 
        academic standards and assessments, curricula, or program of 
        instruction (including any requirement, direction, or mandate to 
        adopt the Common Core State Standards developed under the Common 
        Core State

[[Page 132 STAT. 1575]]

        Standards Initiative, any other academic standards common to a 
        significant number of States, or any assessment, instructional 
        content, or curriculum aligned to such standards); or
            ``(3) except as required under sections 112(b), 211(b), and 
        223--
                    ``(A) to mandate, direct, or control the allocation 
                of State or local resources; or
                    ``(B) to mandate that a State or a political 
                subdivision of a State spend any funds or incur any 
                costs not paid for under this Act.'';
            (2) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:

    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section affects the 
applicability of subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5, 
United States Code, (commonly known as the ``Administrative Procedure 
Act'') or chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, commonly known as 
the ``Congressional Review Act'').''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(f) Congressional Notice and Comment.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Regulations. Federal 
        Register, publication.>>  Notice to congress.--Not less than 15 
        business days prior to issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking 
        related to this Act in the Federal Register, the Secretary shall 
        provide to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
        Pensions of the Senate, the Committee on Education and the 
        Workforce of the House of Representatives, and other relevant 
        congressional committees, notice of the Secretary's intent to 
        issue a notice of proposed rulemaking that shall include--
                    ``(A) a copy of the proposed regulation;
                    ``(B) the need to issue the regulation;
                    ``(C) a description of how the regulation is 
                consistent with the scope of this Act;
                    ``(D) the anticipated burden (including the time, 
                cost, and paperwork burden) the regulation will impose 
                on an eligible agency, institution, or recipient that 
                may be impacted by the regulation, including the 
                potential impact on rural areas;
                    ``(E) the anticipated benefits to an eligible 
                agency, institution, or recipient that may be impacted 
                by the regulation, including in rural areas; and
                    ``(F) any regulations that will be repealed when the 
                new regulation is issued.
            ``(2) Comment period for congress.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) before issuing any notice of proposed 
                rulemaking under this subsection, provide Congress with 
                a comment period of 15 business days to make comments on 
                the proposed regulation, beginning on the date that the 
                Secretary provides the notice of intent to the 
                appropriate committees of Congress under paragraph (1); 
                and
                    ``(B) include and seek to address all comments 
                submitted by members of Congress in the public 
                rulemaking record for the regulation published in the 
                Federal Register.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  Comment and review period; 
        emergency situations.--The comment and review period for any 
        proposed regulation shall be not less than 60 days unless an 
        emergency requires a shorter period, in which case the Secretary 
        shall--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1576]]

                    ``(A) designate the proposed regulation as an 
                emergency with an explanation of the emergency in the 
                notice to Congress under paragraph (1);
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Federal Register, publication.>>  
                publish the length of the comment and review period in 
                such notice and in the Federal Register; and
                    ``(C) conduct immediately thereafter regional 
                meetings to review such proposed regulation before 
                issuing any final regulation.''.
SEC. 10. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 9 (20 U.S.C. 2307) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 9. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act 
(other than sections 114 and 117)--
            ``(1) $1,229,568,538 for fiscal year 2019;
            ``(2) $1,246,782,498 for fiscal year 2020;
            ``(3) $1,264,237,452 for fiscal year 2021;
            ``(4) $1,281,936,777 for fiscal year 2022;
            ``(5) $1,299,883,892 for fiscal year 2023; and
            ``(6) $1,318,082,266 for fiscal year 2024.''.

    TITLE I--CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO THE STATES

                    PART A--ALLOTMENT AND ALLOCATION

SEC. 110. RESERVATIONS AND STATE ALLOTMENT.

    Section 111 (20 U.S.C. 2321) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 111. RESERVATIONS AND STATE ALLOTMENT.

    ``(a) Reservations and State Allotment.--
            ``(1) Reservations.--From the amount appropriated under 
        section 9 for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
                    ``(A) 0.13 percent to carry out section 115; and
                    ``(B) 1.50 percent to carry out section 116, of 
                which--
                          ``(i) 1.25 percent of the sum shall be 
                      available to carry out section 116(b); and
                          ``(ii) 0.25 percent of the sum shall be 
                      available to carry out section 116(h).
            ``(2) Foundational grant.--
                    ``(A) In general.--From the remainder of the amount 
                appropriated under section 9 and not reserved under 
                paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
                allot to a State for the fiscal year an amount equal to 
                the amount the State received in fiscal year 2018.
                    ``(B) Ratable reduction.--If for any fiscal year the 
                amount appropriated for allotments under this section is 
                insufficient to satisfy the provisions of subparagraph 
                (A), the payments to all States under such subparagraph 
                shall be ratably reduced.
            ``(3) Additional funds.--Subject to paragraph (4), from the 
        additional funds remaining from the amount appropriated under 
        section 9 and not expended under paragraphs (1) and (2) for a 
        fiscal year, the Secretary shall allot to a State for the fiscal 
        year--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1577]]

                    ``(A) an amount that bears the same ratio to 50 
                percent of the sum being allotted as the product of the 
                population aged 15 to 19, inclusive, in the State in the 
                fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the 
                determination is made and the State's allotment ratio 
                bears to the sum of the corresponding products for all 
                the States;
                    ``(B) an amount that bears the same ratio to 20 
                percent of the sum being allotted as the product of the 
                population aged 20 to 24, inclusive, in the State in the 
                fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the 
                determination is made and the State's allotment ratio 
                bears to the sum of the corresponding products for all 
                the States;
                    ``(C) an amount that bears the same ratio to 15 
                percent of the sum being allotted as the product of the 
                population aged 25 to 65, inclusive, in the State in the 
                fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the 
                determination is made and the State's allotment ratio 
                bears to the sum of the corresponding products for all 
                the States; and
                    ``(D) an amount that bears the same ratio to 15 
                percent of the sum being allotted as the amounts 
                allotted to the State under subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) for such years bears to the sum of the amounts 
                allotted to all the States under subparagraphs (A), (B), 
                and (C) for such year.
            ``(4) Minimum allotment for years with additional funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), for 
                a fiscal year for which there are additional funds 
                described in paragraph (3), no State shall receive for 
                such fiscal year under paragraph (3) less than 1/2 of 1 
                percent of the additional funds available for such 
                fiscal year. Amounts necessary for increasing such 
                payments to States to comply with the preceding sentence 
                shall be obtained by ratably reducing the amounts to be 
                paid to other States.
                    ``(B) Special rule.--In the case of a qualifying 
                State, the minimum allotment under subparagraph (A) for 
                a fiscal year for the qualifying State shall be the 
                lesser of--
                          ``(i) 1/2 of 1 percent of the additional funds 
                      available for such fiscal year; and
                          ``(ii) the product of--
                                    ``(I) 1/3 of the additional funds; 
                                multiplied by
                                    ``(II) the quotient of--
                                            ``(aa) the qualifying 
                                        State's ratio described in 
                                        subparagraph (C) for the fiscal 
                                        year for which the determination 
                                        is made; divided by
                                            ``(bb) the sum of all such 
                                        ratios for all qualifying States 
                                        for the fiscal year for which 
                                        the determination is made.
                    ``(C) Ratio.--For purposes of subparagraph 
                (B)(ii)(II)(aa), the ratio for a qualifying State for a 
                fiscal year shall be 1.00 less the quotient of--
                          ``(i) the amount the qualifying State is 
                      allotted under paragraph (3) for the fiscal year; 
                      divided by
                          ``(ii) 1/2 of 1 percent of the amount 
                      appropriated under paragraph (3) for the fiscal 
                      year for which the determination is made.
                    ``(D) Definitions.--In this paragraph, the term 
                `qualifying State' means a State (except the United 
                States Virgin

[[Page 132 STAT. 1578]]

                Islands) that, <<NOTE: Determination.>>  for the fiscal 
                year for which a determination under this paragraph is 
                made, would receive, under the allotment formula under 
                paragraph (3) (without the application of this 
                paragraph), an amount that would be less than the amount 
                the State would receive under subparagraph (A) for such 
                fiscal year.

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Reallotment.--If the Secretary 
determines that any amount of any State's allotment under subsection (a) 
for any fiscal year will not be required for such fiscal year for 
carrying out the activities for which such amount has been allotted, the 
Secretary shall make such amount available for 
reallotment. <<NOTE: Criteria. Regulations.>>  Any such reallotment 
among other States shall occur on such dates during the same year as the 
Secretary shall fix, and shall be made on the basis of criteria 
established by regulation. No funds may be reallotted for any use other 
than the use for which the funds were appropriated. Any amount 
reallotted to a State under this subsection for any fiscal year shall 
remain available for obligation during the succeeding fiscal year and 
shall be deemed to be part of the State's allotment for the year in 
which the amount is obligated.

    ``(c) Allotment Ratio.--
            ``(1) In general.--The allotment ratio for any State shall 
        be 1.00 less the product of--
                    ``(A) 0.50; and
                    ``(B) the quotient obtained by dividing the per 
                capita income for the State by the per capita income for 
                all the States (exclusive of the Commonwealth of Puerto 
                Rico and the United States Virgin Islands), except 
                that--
                          ``(i) the allotment ratio in no case shall be 
                      more than 0.60 or less than 0.40; and
                          ``(ii) the allotment ratio for the 
                      Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the United States 
                      Virgin Islands shall be 0.60.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Promulgation.--The allotment 
        ratios shall be promulgated by the Secretary for each fiscal 
        year between October 1 and December 31 of the fiscal year 
        preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made. 
        Allotment ratios shall be computed on the basis of the average 
        of the appropriate per capita incomes for the 3 most recent 
        consecutive fiscal years for which satisfactory data are 
        available.
            ``(3) Definition of per capita income.--For the purpose of 
        this section, the term `per capita income' means, with respect 
        to a fiscal year, the total personal income in the calendar year 
        ending in such year, divided by the population of the area 
        concerned in such year.
            ``(4) Population determination.--For the purposes of this 
        section, population shall be determined by the Secretary on the 
        basis of the latest estimates available to the Department of 
        Education.

    ``(d) Definition of State.--For the purpose of this section, the 
term `State' means each of the several States of the United States, the 
District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the United 
States Virgin Islands.''.
SEC. 111. WITHIN STATE ALLOCATION.

    Section 112 (20 U.S.C. 2322) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1579]]

                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``10 percent'' and 
                inserting ``15 percent'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``1 percent'' and 
                                inserting ``2 percent'';
                                    (II) by striking ``State 
                                correctional institutions and 
                                institutions'' and inserting ``State 
                                correctional institutions, juvenile 
                                justice facilities, and educational 
                                institutions''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon; and
                          (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                      following:
                    ``(C) an amount shall be made available for the 
                recruitment of special populations to enroll in career 
                and technical education programs, which shall be not 
                less than the lesser of--
                          ``(i) an amount equal to 0.1 percent; or
                          ``(ii) $50,000; and'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(B), by striking ``a local 
                plan;'' and inserting ``local applications;''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``section 135'' and all 
        that follows through the end and inserting ``section 135--
            ``(1) in--
                    ``(A) rural areas;
                    ``(B) areas with high percentages of CTE 
                concentrators or CTE participants;
                    ``(C) areas with high numbers of CTE concentrators 
                or CTE participants; and
                    ``(D) areas with disparities or gaps in performance 
                as described in section 113(b)(3)(C)(ii)(II); and
            ``(2) in order to--
                    ``(A) foster innovation through the identification 
                and promotion of promising and proven career and 
                technical education programs, practices, and strategies, 
                which may include programs, practices, and strategies 
                that prepare individuals for nontraditional fields; or
                    ``(B) promote the development, implementation, and 
                adoption of programs of study or career pathways aligned 
                with State-identified high-skill, high-wage, or in-
                demand occupations or industries.''.
SEC. 112. ACCOUNTABILITY.

    Section 113 (20 U.S.C. 2323) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Determined'' after ``State'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by inserting ``State determined'' before 
                      ``performance'';
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                      redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph 
                      (B);
                          (iii) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                      ``and'' after the semicolon; and
                          (iv) in subparagraph (B), as so redesignated--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1580]]

                                    (I) by striking ``a State adjusted 
                                level of performance'' and inserting ``a 
                                State determined level of performance''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``, and State 
                                levels of performance described in 
                                paragraph (3)(B) for each additional 
                                indicator of performance''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Indicators of performance.--
                    ``(A) Core indicators of performance for cte 
                concentrators at the secondary level.--Each eligible 
                agency shall identify in the State plan core indicators 
                of performance for CTE concentrators at the secondary 
                level that are valid and reliable, and that include, at 
                a minimum, measures of each of the following:
                          ``(i) The percentage of CTE concentrators who 
                      graduate high school, as measured by--
                                    ``(I) the four-year adjusted cohort 
                                graduation rate (defined in section 8101 
                                of the Elementary and Secondary 
                                Education Act of 1965); and
                                    ``(II) at the State's discretion, 
                                the extended-year adjusted cohort 
                                graduation rate defined in such section 
                                8101.
                          ``(ii) CTE concentrator proficiency in the 
                      challenging State academic standards adopted by 
                      the State under section 1111(b)(1) of the 
                      Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as 
                      measured by the academic assessments described in 
                      section 1111(b)(2) of such Act.
                          ``(iii) The percentage of CTE concentrators 
                      who, in the second quarter after exiting from 
                      secondary education, are in postsecondary 
                      education or advanced training, military service 
                      or a service program that receives assistance 
                      under title I of the National and Community 
                      Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511 et seq.), are 
                      volunteers as described in section 5(a) of the 
                      Peace Corps Act (22 U.S.C. 2504(a)), or are 
                      employed.
                          ``(iv) Indicators of career and technical 
                      education program quality as follows:
                                    ``(I) That shall include at least 1 
                                of the following:
                                            ``(aa) The percentage of CTE 
                                        concentrators graduating from 
                                        high school having attained a 
                                        recognized postsecondary 
                                        credential.
                                            ``(bb) The percentage of CTE 
                                        concentrators graduating from 
                                        high school having attained 
                                        postsecondary credits in the 
                                        relevant career and technical 
                                        education program or program of 
                                        study earned through a dual or 
                                        concurrent enrollment program or 
                                        another credit transfer 
                                        agreement.
                                            ``(cc) The percentage of CTE 
                                        concentrators graduating from 
                                        high school having participated 
                                        in work-based learning.
                                    ``(II) That may include any other 
                                measure of student success in career and 
                                technical education

[[Page 132 STAT. 1581]]

                                that is statewide, valid, and reliable, 
                                and comparable across the State.
                          ``(v) The percentage of CTE concentrators in 
                      career and technical education programs and 
                      programs of study that lead to non-traditional 
                      fields.
                    ``(B) Core indicators of performance for cte 
                concentrators at the postsecondary level.--Each eligible 
                agency shall identify in the State plan core indicators 
                of performance for CTE concentrators at the 
                postsecondary level that are valid and reliable, and 
                that include, at a minimum, measures of each of the 
                following:
                          ``(i) The percentage of CTE concentrators who, 
                      during the second quarter after program 
                      completion, remain enrolled in postsecondary 
                      education, are in advanced training, military 
                      service, or a service program that receives 
                      assistance under title I of the National and 
                      Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511 et 
                      seq.), are volunteers as described in section 5(a) 
                      of the Peace Corps Act (22 U.S.C. 2504(a)), or are 
                      placed or retained in employment.
                          ``(ii) The percentage of CTE concentrators who 
                      receive a recognized postsecondary credential 
                      during participation in or within 1 year of 
                      program completion.
                          ``(iii) The percentage of CTE concentrators in 
                      career and technical education programs and 
                      programs of study that lead to non-traditional 
                      fields.
                    ``(C) Alignment of performance indicators.--In 
                developing core indicators of performance under 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B), an eligible agency shall, to 
                the greatest extent possible, align the indicators so 
                that substantially similar information gathered for 
                other State and Federal programs, or for any other 
                purpose, may be used to meet the requirements of this 
                section.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting 
                      ``determined'' after ``State'';
                          (ii) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                      follows:
                    ``(A) State determined levels of performance for 
                core indicators of performance.--
                          ``(i) In general.--
                                    ``(I) Levels determined by the 
                                eligible agency.--Each eligible agency, 
                                with input from eligible recipients, 
                                shall establish in the State plan 
                                submitted under section 122, for each 
                                year covered by the State plan, State 
                                determined levels of performance for 
                                each of the core indicators described 
                                under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
                                paragraph (2) for career and technical 
                                education activities authorized under 
                                this title. The level of performance for 
                                a core indicator shall be the same for 
                                all CTE concentrators in the State.
                                    ``(II) Technical assistance.--The 
                                Secretary may assist an eligible agency 
                                in establishing the State determined 
                                levels of performance under this 
                                subparagraph only at the request of that 
                                eligible agency.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1582]]

                                    ``(III) Requirements.--Such State 
                                determined levels of performance shall, 
                                at a minimum--
                                            ``(aa) be expressed in a 
                                        percentage or numerical form, so 
                                        as to be objective, 
                                        quantifiable, and measurable;
                                            ``(bb) require the State to 
                                        continually make meaningful 
                                        progress toward improving the 
                                        performance of all career and 
                                        technical education students, 
                                        including the subgroups of 
                                        students described in section 
                                        1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the 
                                        Elementary and Secondary 
                                        Education Act of 1965, and 
                                        special populations, as 
                                        described in section 3(48); and
                                            ``(cc) have been subject to 
                                        the public comment process 
                                        described in subparagraph (B), 
                                        and the eligible agency has 
                                        provided a written response;
                                            ``(dd) when being adjusted 
                                        pursuant to clause (ii), take 
                                        into account how the levels of 
                                        performance involved compare 
                                        with the State levels of 
                                        performance established for 
                                        other States, considering 
                                        factors including the 
                                        characteristics of actual (as 
                                        opposed to anticipated) CTE 
                                        concentrators when the CTE 
                                        concentrators entered the 
                                        program, and the services or 
                                        instruction to be provided;
                                            ``(ee) when being adjusted 
                                        pursuant to clause (ii), be 
                                        higher than the average actual 
                                        performance of the 2 most 
                                        recently completed program 
                                        years, except in the case of 
                                        unanticipated circumstances that 
                                        require revisions in accordance 
                                        with clause (iii); and
                                            ``(ff) take into account the 
                                        extent to which the State 
                                        determined levels of performance 
                                        advance the eligible agency's 
                                        goals, as set forth in the State 
                                        plan.
                          ``(ii) Allowable adjustment of state 
                      determined levels of performance for subsequent 
                      years.--Prior to the third program year covered by 
                      the State plan, each eligible agency may revise 
                      the State determined levels of performance for any 
                      of the core indicators of performance for the 
                      subsequent program years covered by the State 
                      plan, and submit the revised State determined 
                      levels of performance to the Secretary. If the 
                      eligible agency adjusts any levels of performance, 
                      the eligible agency shall adjust those levels in 
                      accordance with clause (i), and address written 
                      comments of stakeholders as described in 
                      subparagraph (B). The Secretary shall approve 
                      those revised levels of performance if those 
                      levels meet the requirements described in 
                      subclause (III) of clause (i). The State 
                      determined adjusted levels of performance 
                      identified under this clause shall be considered 
                      to be the State determined levels of performance 
                      for the State for such years and shall be 
                      incorporated into the State plan.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1583]]

                          ``(iii) Unanticipated circumstances.--If 
                      unanticipated circumstances arise in a State or 
                      changes occur related to improvements in data or 
                      measurement approaches, the eligible agency, at 
                      the end of the program year, may revise the State 
                      determined levels of performance required under 
                      this subparagraph. After public comment, as 
                      described in subparagraph (B), the eligible agency 
                      shall submit such revised levels of performance to 
                      the Secretary with evidence supporting the 
                      revision. The Secretary shall approve any such 
                      revision if that revision meets the requirements 
                      of clause (ii).'';
                          (iii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                      inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Public comment.--
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--
                      Each eligible agency shall develop the levels of 
                      performance under subparagraph (A) in consultation 
                      with the stakeholders identified in section 
                      122(c)(1)(A).
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Written 
                      comments.--Not less than 60 days prior to 
                      submission of the State plan, the eligible agency 
                      shall provide such stakeholders with the 
                      opportunity to provide written comments to the 
                      eligible agency, which shall be included in the 
                      State plan, regarding how the levels of 
                      performance described under subparagraph (A)--
                                    ``(I) meet the requirements of the 
                                law;
                                    ``(II) support the improvement of 
                                performance of all CTE concentrators, 
                                including subgroups of students, as 
                                described in section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) 
                                of the Elementary and Secondary 
                                Education Act of 1965, and special 
                                populations, as described in section 
                                3(48); and
                                    ``(III) support the needs of the 
                                local education and business community.
                          ``(iii) Eligible agency response.--Each 
                      eligible agency shall provide, in the State plan, 
                      a written response to the comments provided by 
                      stakeholders under clause (ii).''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C)  State report.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Each eligible agency that 
                      receives an allotment under section 111 shall 
                      annually prepare and submit to the Secretary a 
                      report regarding--
                                    ``(I) the progress of the State in 
                                achieving the State determined levels of 
                                performance on the core indicators of 
                                performance; and
                                    ``(II) the actual levels of 
                                performance for all CTE concentrators, 
                                and for each of the subgroups of 
                                students, as described in section 
                                1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the Elementary and 
                                Secondary Education Act of 1965, and 
                                special populations, as described in 
                                section 3(48).
                          ``(ii) Data.--Except as provided in 
                      subparagraph (E), each eligible agency that 
                      receives an allotment under section 111 shall--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1584]]

                                    ``(I) disaggregate data for each of 
                                the indicators of performance under 
                                paragraph (2)--
                                            ``(aa) for subgroups of 
                                        students, as described in 
                                        section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the 
                                        Elementary and Secondary 
                                        Education Act of 1965, and 
                                        special populations, as 
                                        described in section 3(48), that 
                                        are served under this Act; and
                                            ``(bb) by the career and 
                                        technical education programs or 
                                        programs of study of the CTE 
                                        concentrators, except that in a 
                                        case in which reporting by such 
                                        program or program of study is 
                                        impractical, the data may be 
                                        disaggregated by the career 
                                        clusters of the CTE 
                                        concentrators, if appropriate;
                                    ``(II) identify and quantify any 
                                disparities or gaps in performance on 
                                the State determined levels of 
                                performance under subparagraph (A) 
                                between any such subgroup or special 
                                population and the performance of all 
                                CTE concentrators served by the eligible 
                                agency under this Act, which shall 
                                include a quantifiable description of 
                                the progress each such subgroup or 
                                special population of students served by 
                                the eligible agency under this Act has 
                                made in meeting the State determined 
                                levels of performance; and
                                    ``(III) for CTE concentrators 
                                described in paragraph (2)(A)(iii) and 
                                paragraph (2)(B)(i), disaggregate data, 
                                to the extent such data is available, by 
                                each of the following:
                                            ``(aa) Individuals enrolled 
                                        in postsecondary education 
                                        (disaggregated by postsecondary 
                                        award level, including 
                                        certificate, associate, or 
                                        baccalaureate degree).
                                            ``(bb) Individuals in 
                                        advanced training.
                                            ``(cc) Individuals in 
                                        military service or a service 
                                        program that receives assistance 
                                        under title I of the National 
                                        and Community Service Act of 
                                        1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511 et seq.) 
                                        or volunteers as described in 
                                        section 5(a) of the Peace Corps 
                                        Act (22 U.S.C. 2504(a)).
                                            ``(dd) Individuals in 
                                        employment (including those 
                                        individuals who are employed in 
                                        a high-skill, high-wage, or in-
                                        demand sector or occupation).
                          ``(iii) Nonduplication.--The Secretary shall 
                      ensure that each eligible agency does not report 
                      duplicative information under this section.
                          ``(iv) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  
                      Information dissemination.--The Secretary shall--
                                    ``(I) make the information contained 
                                in such reports available to the general 
                                public through a variety of formats, 
                                including electronically through the 
                                Internet;
                                    ``(II) disseminate State-by-State 
                                comparisons of the information contained 
                                in such reports; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1585]]

                                    ``(III) provide the appropriate 
                                committees of Congress with copies of 
                                such reports.
                    ``(D) State dissemination of actual levels of 
                performance.--At the end of each program year, the 
                eligible agency shall disseminate the actual levels of 
                performance described in subparagraph (C)(i)(II)--
                          ``(i) widely, including to students, parents, 
                      and educators;
                          ``(ii) through a variety of formats, including 
                      electronically through the Internet; and
                          ``(iii) in user-friendly formats and languages 
                      that are easily accessible, as determined by the 
                      eligible agency.
                    ``(E) Rules for reporting data.--The disaggregation 
                of data under this paragraph shall not be required when 
                the number of students in a category is insufficient to 
                yield statistically reliable information or when the 
                results would reveal personally identifiable information 
                about an individual student.''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the subparagraph heading, by 
                                striking ``adjusted'';
                                    (II) by striking clauses (iii) and 
                                (v), and redesignating clauses (iv) and 
                                (vi) as clauses (iii) and (v), 
                                respectively;
                                    (III) in clause (i)--
                                            (aa) in the matter preceding 
                                        subclause (I)--
                                                (AA) by striking ``State 
                                            adjusted levels of 
                                            performance'' and inserting 
                                            ``State determined levels of 
                                            performance for each year of 
                                            the plan''; and
                                                (BB) by striking ``local 
                                            adjusted levels'' and 
                                            inserting ``local levels'' 
                                            each place the term appears;
                                            (bb) in subclause (I)--
                                                (AA) by striking 
                                            ``consistent with the State 
                                            levels of performance 
                                            established under paragraph 
                                            (3), so as'' and inserting 
                                            ``consistent with the form 
                                            expressed in the State 
                                            determined levels, so as''; 
                                            and
                                                (BB) by striking ``and'' 
                                            after the semicolon; and
                                            (cc) in subclause (II), by 
                                        striking ``continually make 
                                        progress toward improving the 
                                        performance of career and 
                                        technical education students.'' 
                                        and inserting ``continually make 
                                        meaningful progress toward 
                                        improving the performance of all 
                                        CTE concentrators, including 
                                        subgroups of students described 
                                        in section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of 
                                        the Elementary and Secondary 
                                        Education Act of 1965 and 
                                        special populations, as 
                                        described in section 3(48);''; 
                                        and
                                            (dd) by adding at the end 
                                        the following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1586]]

                                    ``(III) when being adjusted as 
                                described in clause (iii), be higher 
                                than the average actual performance 
                                levels of the previous 2 program years, 
                                except in a case in which unanticipated 
                                circumstances arise with respect to the 
                                eligible recipient and that eligible 
                                recipient meets the requirements for 
                                revisions under clause (iv);
                                    ``(IV) when being adjusted as 
                                described in clause (iii), take into 
                                account how the local levels of 
                                performance compare with the local 
                                levels of performance established for 
                                other eligible recipients, considering 
                                factors including the characteristics of 
                                actual (as opposed to anticipated) CTE 
                                concentrators at the time those CTE 
                                concentrators entered the program, and 
                                the services or instruction to be 
                                provided; and
                                    ``(V) set the local levels of 
                                performance using valid and reliable 
                                data that measures--
                                            ``(aa) the differences 
                                        within the State in actual 
                                        economic conditions (including 
                                        differences in unemployment 
                                        rates and job losses or gains in 
                                        particular industries); and
                                            ``(bb) the abilities of the 
                                        State and the eligible recipient 
                                        to collect and access valid, 
                                        reliable, and cost-effective 
                                        data.'';
                                    (IV) in clause (ii)--
                                            (aa) in the clause heading, 
                                        by striking ``plan'' and 
                                        inserting ``application'';
                                            (bb) by striking ``plan'' 
                                        and inserting ``application''; 
                                        and
                                            (cc) by striking ``the first 
                                        2'' and inserting ``each of 
                                        the'';
                                    (V) by amending clause (iii), as 
                                redesignated by subclause (II), to read 
                                as follows:
                          ``(iii) Allowable adjustments of local levels 
                      of performance for subsequent years.--Prior to the 
                      third program year covered by the local 
                      application, the eligible recipient may, if the 
                      eligible recipient reaches an agreement with the 
                      eligible agency, adjust the local levels of 
                      performance for any of the core indicators of 
                      performance for the subsequent program years 
                      covered by the local application, in accordance 
                      with that agreement and with this subparagraph. 
                      The local adjusted levels of performance agreed to 
                      under this clause shall be considered to be the 
                      local levels of performance for the eligible 
                      recipient for such years and shall be incorporated 
                      into the local application.''; and
                                    (VI) in clause (v), as redesignated 
                                by subclause (II), by striking ``If 
                                unanticipated circumstances arise with 
                                respect to an eligible recipient 
                                resulting in a significant change in the 
                                factors described in clause (v), the 
                                eligible recipient may request that the 
                                local adjusted levels of performance 
                                agreed to under clause (iii) or (iv) be 
                                revised.'' and inserting ``If 
                                unanticipated circumstances arise, or 
                                changes occur related to improvements

[[Page 132 STAT. 1587]]

                                in data or measurement approaches, the 
                                eligible recipient may request that the 
                                local levels of performance agreed to 
                                under clauses (i) and (iii) be 
                                revised.'';
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                      redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph 
                      (B); and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B), as redesignated by 
                      clause (ii)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking ``the 
                                data described in clause (ii)(I), 
                                regarding the progress of such recipient 
                                in achieving the local adjusted levels 
                                of performance'' and inserting ``the 
                                data on the actual performance levels 
                                described in clause (ii), including the 
                                progress of such recipient in achieving 
                                the local levels of performance'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii)--
                                            (aa) in subclause (I)--
                                                (AA) by striking 
                                            ``section 1111(h)(1)(C)(i)'' 
                                            and inserting ``section 
                                            1111(h)(1)(C)(ii)'';
                                                (BB) by striking 
                                            ``section 3(29)'' and 
                                            inserting ``section 3(48)''; 
                                            and
                                                (CC) by striking ``and'' 
                                            after the semicolon; and
                                            (bb) in subclause (II)--
                                                (AA) by inserting ``, as 
                                            described in paragraph 
                                            3(C)(ii)(II),'' after ``gaps 
                                            in performance'';
                                                (BB) by inserting ``as 
                                            described in subclause (I) 
                                            (including special 
                                            populations)'' after 
                                            ``category of students'';
                                                (CC) by striking ``all 
                                            students'' and inserting 
                                            ``all CTE concentrators''; 
                                            and
                                                (DD) by adding at the 
                                            end the following:
                                    ``(III) disaggregate data by the 
                                career and technical education programs 
                                or programs of study of the CTE 
                                concentrators, except that in a case in 
                                which reporting by such program or 
                                program of study is impractical, the 
                                data may be disaggregated by the career 
                                clusters of the CTE concentrators, if 
                                appropriate; and
                                    ``(IV) for CTE concentrators 
                                described in paragraph (2)(A)(iii) and 
                                paragraph (2)(B)(i), disaggregate data, 
                                to the extent such data is available, by 
                                each of the following:
                                            ``(aa) Individuals enrolled 
                                        in postsecondary education 
                                        (disaggregated by postsecondary 
                                        award level, including 
                                        certificate, associate, or 
                                        baccalaureate degree).
                                            ``(bb) Individuals in 
                                        advanced training.
                                            ``(cc) Individuals in 
                                        military service or a service 
                                        program that receives assistance 
                                        under title I of the National 
                                        and Community Service Act of 
                                        1990 (42 U.S.C. 12511 et seq.) 
                                        or volunteers as described in 
                                        section 5(a) of the Peace Corps 
                                        Act (22 U.S.C. 2504(a)).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1588]]

                                            ``(dd) Individuals in 
                                        employment (including those 
                                        individuals who are employed in 
                                        a high-skill, high-wage, or in-
                                        demand sector or occupation).'';
                                    (III) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``subsection (c)(3)'' and inserting 
                                ``paragraph (3)(C)(iii)'';
                                    (IV) in clause (iv), by striking 
                                ``clause (ii)'' and inserting ``this 
                                paragraph''; and
                                    (V) by striking clause (v) and 
                                inserting the following:
                          ``(v) <<NOTE: Reports. Public information.>>  
                      Availability.--The report described in clause (i) 
                      shall be made available by the eligible recipient 
                      through a variety of formats, including 
                      electronically through the Internet, to students, 
                      parents, educators, and the public, and the 
                      information contained in such report shall be in a 
                      format that is understandable and uniform, and to 
                      the extent practicable, provided in a language 
                      that students, parents, and educators can 
                      understand.''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (c).
SEC. 113. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    Section 114 (20 U.S.C. 2324) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  by striking ``The 
                Secretary shall'' the first place it appears and 
                inserting ``The Secretary shall, in consultation with 
                the Director,''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``from eligible agencies under 
                section 113(b)(3)(C)'' after ``pursuant to this title'';
            (2) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

    ``(b) Reasonable Cost.--The Secretary shall take such action as may 
be necessary to secure at reasonable cost the information required by 
this title. <<NOTE: Consultation. Determination.>>  To ensure reasonable 
cost, the Secretary, in consultation with the National Center for 
Education Statistics and the Office of Career, Technical, and Adult 
Education shall determine the methodology to be used and the frequency 
with which such information is to be collected.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Secretary may'' 
                and inserting ``Secretary shall'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, 
                      acting through the Director,'' after ``describe 
                      how the Secretary''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, in 
                      consultation with the Director,'' after 
                      ``Secretary'';
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``, acting through 
                                the Director,'' after ``The Secretary'';
                                    (II) by inserting ``and the plan 
                                developed under subsection (c)'' after 
                                ``described in paragraph (2)''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``assessment'' 
                                each place such term appears and 
                                inserting ``evaluation'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1589]]

                                    (I) in clause (v), by striking ``; 
                                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                                    (II) in clause (vi)--
                                            (aa) by inserting 
                                        ``qualified'' before 
                                        ``intermediaries''; and
                                            (bb) by striking the period 
                                        at the end and inserting ``, 
                                        which may include individuals 
                                        with expertise in addressing 
                                        inequities in access to, and in 
                                        opportunities for, academic and 
                                        technical skill attainment;''; 
                                        and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                          ``(vii) representatives of Indian Tribes and 
                      Tribal organizations; and
                          ``(viii) representatives of special 
                      populations.''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``the Director,'' 
                                after ``the Secretary,''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``assessment'' and 
                                inserting ``evaluation'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the heading, by striking ``and 
                      assessment'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``subsection (e), 
                                the Secretary'' and inserting 
                                ``subsection (f), the Secretary, acting 
                                through the Director,'';
                                    (II) by striking ``an independent 
                                evaluation and assessment'' and 
                                inserting ``a series of research and 
                                evaluation initiatives for each year for 
                                which funds are appropriated to carry 
                                out this Act, which are aligned with the 
                                plan in subsection (c)(2),'';
                                    (III) by striking ``Carl D. Perkins 
                                Career and Technical Education 
                                Improvement Act of 2006'' and inserting 
                                ``Strengthening Career and Technical 
                                Education for the 21st Century Act''; 
                                and
                                    (IV) by adding at the end the 
                                following: ``Whenever possible, data 
                                used for the evaluation for a fiscal 
                                year shall be data from the most recent 
                                fiscal year for which such data are 
                                available, and from the 5-year period 
                                preceding that fiscal year.''; and
                          (iii) by amending subparagraph (B) to read as 
                      follows:
                    ``(B) Contents.--The evaluation required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include descriptions and 
                evaluations of--
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Review.>>  the extent and 
                      success of the integration of challenging State 
                      academic standards adopted under section 
                      1111(b)(1) of the Elementary and Secondary 
                      Education Act of 1965 and career and technical 
                      education for students participating in career and 
                      technical education programs, including a review 
                      of the effect of such integration on the academic 
                      and technical proficiency achievement of such 
                      students, including--
                                    ``(I) the number of such students 
                                that receive a regular high school 
                                diploma, as such term is defined under 
                                section 8101 of the Elementary and 
                                Secondary Education Act of 1965 or a 
                                State-defined

[[Page 132 STAT. 1590]]

                                alternative diploma described in section 
                                8101(25)(A)(ii)(I)(bb) of such Act;
                                    ``(II) the number of such students 
                                that are high school students that 
                                receive a recognized postsecondary 
                                credential; and
                                    ``(III) the number of such students 
                                that are high school students that earn 
                                credit toward a recognized postsecondary 
                                credential;
                          ``(ii) the extent to which career and 
                      technical education programs and programs of study 
                      prepare students, including special populations, 
                      for subsequent employment in high-skill, high-wage 
                      occupations (including those in which mathematics 
                      and science skills are critical, which may include 
                      computer science), or for participation in 
                      postsecondary education;
                          ``(iii) employer involvement in, benefit from, 
                      and satisfaction with, career and technical 
                      education programs and programs of study and 
                      career and technical education students' 
                      preparation for employment;
                          ``(iv) efforts to expand access to career and 
                      technical education programs of study for all 
                      students;
                          ``(v) innovative approaches to work-based 
                      learning programs that increase participation and 
                      alignment with employment in high-growth 
                      industries, including in rural and low-income 
                      areas;
                          ``(vi) the effectiveness of different delivery 
                      systems and approaches for career and technical 
                      education, including comprehensive high schools, 
                      technical high schools, area technical centers, 
                      career academies, community and technical 
                      colleges, early college high schools, pre-
                      apprenticeship programs, voluntary after-school 
                      programs, and individual course offerings, 
                      including dual or concurrent enrollment program 
                      courses, as well as communication strategies for 
                      promoting career and technical education 
                      opportunities involving teachers, school 
                      counselors, and parents or other guardians;
                          ``(vii) the extent to which career and 
                      technical education programs supported by this Act 
                      are grounded on evidence-based research;
                          ``(viii) the impact of the amendments to this 
                      Act made under the Strengthening Career and 
                      Technical Education for the 21st Century Act, 
                      including comparisons, where appropriate, of--
                                    ``(I) the use of the comprehensive 
                                needs assessment under section 134(c);
                                    ``(II) the implementation of 
                                programs of study; and
                                    ``(III) coordination of planning and 
                                program delivery with other relevant 
                                laws, including the Workforce Innovation 
                                and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 et 
                                seq.) and the Elementary and Secondary 
                                Education Act of 1965;
                          ``(ix) changes in career and technical 
                      education program accountability as described in 
                      section 113 and any effects of such changes on 
                      program delivery and program quality;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1591]]

                          ``(x) changes in student enrollment patterns; 
                      and
                          ``(xi) efforts to reduce disparities or 
                      performance gaps described in section 
                      113(b)(3)(C)(ii)(II).''; and
                          (iv) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) in clause (i)--
                                            
                                        (aa) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  in 
                                        the matter preceding subclause 
                                        (I), by inserting ``, in 
                                        consultation with the 
                                        Director,'' after ``The 
                                        Secretary''; and
                                            (bb) by striking subclauses 
                                        (I) and (II) and inserting the 
                                        following:
                                    
                                ``(I) <<NOTE: Deadline. Reports. Analyses
                                .>>  not later than 2 years after the 
                                date of enactment of the Strengthening 
                                Career and Technical Education for the 
                                21st Century Act, an interim report 
                                regarding the evaluation and summary of 
                                research activities carried out under 
                                this section that builds on studies and 
                                analyses existing as of such date of 
                                enactment;
                                    
                                ``(II) <<NOTE: Deadline. Reports. Analyse
                                s.>>  not later than 4 years after the 
                                date of enactment of the Strengthening 
                                Career and Technical Education for the 
                                21st Century Act, a final report 
                                summarizing the studies and analyses 
                                that relate to the evaluation and 
                                summary of research activities carried 
                                out under this section; and
                                    ``(III) <<NOTE: Time 
                                period. Reports.>>  a biennial update to 
                                such final report for succeeding 
                                years.'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by inserting 
                                ``the Director,'' after ``the President, 
                                the Secretary,'' each place the term 
                                appears; and
                                    (III) by adding after clause (ii) 
                                the following:
                          ``(iii) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Dissemination.--In 
                      addition to submitting the reports required under 
                      clause (i), the Secretary shall disseminate the 
                      results of the evaluation widely and on a timely 
                      basis in order to increase the understanding among 
                      State and local officials and educators of the 
                      effectiveness of programs and activities supported 
                      under the Act and of the career and technical 
                      education programs and programs of study that are 
                      most likely to produce positive educational and 
                      employment outcomes.'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (3)(A), by striking ``State 
                adjusted levels of performance described in section 
                113(b)'' and inserting ``State determined levels of 
                performance described in section 113(b), as long as such 
                information does not reveal any personally identifiable 
                information''; and
                    (D) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5) and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(4) Research.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--From 
                amounts made available under subsection (f), the 
                Secretary, after consultation with the Director, the 
                Commissioner for Education Research, and the States, and 
                with input from the independent advisory panel 
                established under subsection (d)(1)(A), shall award a 
                grant, contract, or cooperative agreement, on a 
                competitive basis, to an institution of higher education 
                or to a consortium of one or more institutions of higher 
                education and one or more private nonprofit 
                organizations

[[Page 132 STAT. 1592]]

                or agencies, to carry out one or more of the activities 
                described in subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Grant activities.--An institution or 
                consortium receiving a grant under this paragraph shall 
                use grant funds to carry out one or more of the 
                following activities:
                          ``(i) Evidence-based research and evaluation 
                      for the purpose of developing, improving, and 
                      identifying the most successful methods for--
                                    ``(I) eliminating inequities in 
                                access to, and in opportunities for, 
                                learning, skill development, or 
                                effective teaching in career and 
                                technical education programs; and
                                    ``(II) addressing the education, 
                                employment, and training needs of CTE 
                                participants, including special 
                                populations, in career and technical 
                                education programs or programs of study.
                          ``(ii) Research on, and evaluation of, the 
                      impact of changes made by the Strengthening Career 
                      and Technical Education for the 21st Century Act, 
                      including State-by-State comparisons, where 
                      appropriate, of--
                                    ``(I) the use of the needs 
                                assessment under section 134(c);
                                    ``(II) the implementation of 
                                programs of study;
                                    ``(III) how States have implemented 
                                provisions of the Act, including both 
                                fiscal and programmatic elements;
                                    ``(IV) career and technical 
                                education funding and finance models; 
                                and
                                    ``(V) coordination with other 
                                relevant laws, including the Workforce 
                                Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 
                                U.S.C. 3101 et seq.), the Elementary and 
                                Secondary Education Act of 1965, and the 
                                Higher Education Act of 1965.
                          ``(iii) Evidence-based research and analyses 
                      that provide longitudinal information with respect 
                      to career and technical education programs and 
                      programs of study and student achievement.
                          ``(iv) The implementation of, evaluation of, 
                      or evidence-based research of, innovative methods 
                      that support high-quality implementation of career 
                      and technical education programs and programs of 
                      study and student achievement related to career 
                      and technical education, including--
                                    ``(I) creating or expanding dual or 
                                concurrent enrollment program activities 
                                and early college high schools;
                                    ``(II) awarding of academic credit 
                                or academic alignment for industry 
                                recognized credentials, competency-based 
                                education, or work-based learning;
                                    ``(III) making available open, 
                                searchable, and comparable information 
                                on the quality of industry recognized 
                                credentials, including the related 
                                skills or competencies, attainment by 
                                CTE concentrators, related employment 
                                and earnings outcomes, labor market 
                                value, and use by employers; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 1593]]

                                    ``(IV) initiatives to facilitate the 
                                transition of sub-baccalaureate career 
                                and technical education students into 
                                baccalaureate degree programs, including 
                                barriers affecting rural students and 
                                special populations.
                    ``(C) Report.--The institution or consortium 
                receiving a grant under this paragraph shall annually 
                prepare a report containing information about the key 
                research findings of such entity under this paragraph 
                and shall submit copies of the report to the Secretary 
                and the Director. The Secretary shall submit copies of 
                the report to the relevant committees of Congress, the 
                Library of Congress, and each eligible agency.
                    ``(D) Dissemination.--The institution or consortium 
                receiving a grant under this paragraph shall conduct 
                dissemination and training activities based on the 
                research carried out under this paragraph on a timely 
                basis, including through dissemination networks and, as 
                appropriate and relevant, technical assistance providers 
                within the Department.'';
            (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

    ``(e) Innovation and Modernization.--
            ``(1) Grant program.--To identify, support, and rigorously 
        evaluate evidence-based and innovative strategies and activities 
        to improve and modernize career and technical education and 
        align workforce skills with labor market needs as part of the 
        State plan under section 122 and local application under section 
        134 and the requirements of this subsection, the Secretary may 
        use not more than 20 percent of the amounts appropriated under 
        subsection (f) to award grants to eligible entities, eligible 
        institutions, or eligible recipients to carry out the activities 
        described in paragraph (7).
            ``(2) Non-federal match.--
                    ``(A) Matching funds required.--Except as provided 
                under subparagraph (B), to receive a grant under this 
                subsection, an eligible entity, eligible institution, or 
                eligible recipient shall, through cash or in-kind 
                contributions, provide matching funds from non-Federal 
                sources in an amount equal to not less than 50 percent 
                of the funds provided under such grant.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>>  Exception.--The 
                Secretary may waive the matching fund requirement under 
                subparagraph (A) if the eligible entity, eligible 
                institution, or eligible recipient demonstrates 
                exceptional circumstances.
            ``(3) Application.--To receive a grant under this 
        subsection, an eligible entity, eligible institution, or 
        eligible recipient shall submit an application to the Secretary 
        at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as 
        the Secretary may require, including, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) an identification and designation of the 
                agency, institution, or school responsible for the 
                administration and supervision of the program assisted 
                under this paragraph;
                    ``(B) a description of the budget for the project, 
                the source and amount of the matching funds required 
                under

[[Page 132 STAT. 1594]]

                paragraph (2)(A), and how the applicant will continue 
                the project after the grant period ends, if applicable;
                    ``(C) a description of how the applicant will use 
                the grant funds, including how such funds will directly 
                benefit students, including special populations, served 
                by the applicant;
                    ``(D) a description of how the program assisted 
                under this subsection will be coordinated with the 
                activities carried out under section 124 or 135;
                    ``(E) a description of how the career and technical 
                education programs or programs of study to be 
                implemented with grant funds reflect the needs of 
                regional, State, or local employers, as demonstrated by 
                the comprehensive needs assessment under section 134(c);
                    ``(F) a description of how the program assisted 
                under this subsection will be evaluated and how that 
                evaluation may inform the report described in subsection 
                (d)(2)(C); and
                    ``(G) an assurance that the applicant will--
                          ``(i) provide information to the Secretary, as 
                      requested, for evaluations that the Secretary may 
                      carry out; and
                          ``(ii) make data available to third parties 
                      for validation, in accordance with applicable data 
                      privacy laws, including section 444 of the General 
                      Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g, 
                      commonly known as the `Family Educational Rights 
                      and Privacy Act of 1974').
            ``(4) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall give priority to applications from eligible 
        entities, eligible institutions, or eligible recipients that 
        will predominantly serve students from low-income families.
            ``(5) Geographic diversity.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In awarding grants under this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall award no less than 25 
                percent of the total available funds for any fiscal year 
                to eligible entities, eligible institutions, or eligible 
                recipients proposing to fund career and technical 
                education activities that serve--
                          ``(i) a local educational agency with an 
                      urban-centric district locale code of 32, 33, 41, 
                      42, or 43, as determined by the Secretary;
                          ``(ii) an institution of higher education 
                      primarily serving the one or more areas served by 
                      such a local educational agency;
                          ``(iii) a consortium of such local educational 
                      agencies or such institutions of higher education;
                          ``(iv) a partnership between--
                                    ``(I) an educational service agency 
                                or a nonprofit organization; and
                                    ``(II) such a local educational 
                                agency or such an institution of higher 
                                education; or
                          ``(v) a partnership between--
                                    ``(I) a grant recipient described in 
                                clause (i) or (ii); and
                                    ``(II) a State educational agency.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1595]]

                    ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
                the Secretary shall reduce the amount of funds made 
                available under such clause if the Secretary does not 
                receive a sufficient number of applications of 
                sufficient quality.
            ``(6) Duration.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Grants awarded under this 
                subsection shall be for a period of not more than 3 
                years.
                    ``(B) Extension.--The Secretary may extend such 
                grants for not more than 1 additional 2-year period if 
                the grantee demonstrates to the Secretary that the 
                grantee is achieving the grantee's program objectives 
                and, as applicable, has improved education outcomes for 
                career and technical education students, including 
                special populations.
            ``(7) Uses of funds.--An eligible entity, eligible 
        institution, or eligible recipient that is awarded a grant under 
        this subsection shall use the grant funds to create, develop, 
        implement, replicate, or take to scale evidence-based, field-
        initiated innovations to modernize and improve effectiveness and 
        alignment of career and technical education and to improve 
        student outcomes in career and technical education, and 
        rigorously evaluate such innovations, through one or more of the 
        following activities:
                    ``(A) Designing and implementing courses or programs 
                of study aligned to labor market needs in new or 
                emerging fields and working with industry to upgrade 
                equipment, technology, and related curriculum used in 
                career and technical education programs, which is needed 
                for the development, expansion, and implementation of 
                State-approved career and technical education programs 
                of study, including--
                          ``(i) the development or acquisition of 
                      instructional materials associated with the 
                      equipment and technology purchased by an eligible 
                      entity, eligible institution, or eligible 
                      recipient through the grant; or
                          ``(ii) efforts to expand, develop, or 
                      implement programs designed to increase 
                      opportunities for students to take rigorous 
                      courses in coding or computer science subject 
                      areas, and support for statewide efforts to 
                      increase access and implementation of coding or 
                      computer science courses in order to meet local 
                      labor market needs in occupations that require 
                      skills in those subject areas.
                    ``(B) Improving career and technical education 
                outcomes of students served by eligible entities, 
                eligible institutions, or eligible recipients through 
                activities such as--
                          ``(i) supporting the development and 
                      enhancement of innovative delivery models for 
                      career and technical education related work-based 
                      learning, including school-based simulated work 
                      sites, mentoring, work site visits, job shadowing, 
                      project-based learning, and skills-based and paid 
                      internships;
                          ``(ii) increasing the effective use of 
                      technology within career and technical education 
                      programs and programs of study;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1596]]

                          ``(iii) supporting new models for integrating 
                      academic content at the secondary and 
                      postsecondary level in career and technical 
                      education; or
                          ``(iv) integrating science, technology, 
                      engineering, and mathematics fields, including 
                      computer science education, with career and 
                      technical education.
                    ``(C) Improving the transition of students--
                          ``(i) from secondary education to 
                      postsecondary education or employment through 
                      programs, activities, or services that may include 
                      the creation, development, or expansion of dual or 
                      concurrent enrollment programs, articulation 
                      agreements, credit transfer agreements, and 
                      competency-based education; or
                          ``(ii) from the completion of one 
                      postsecondary program to another postsecondary 
                      program that awards a recognized postsecondary 
                      credential.
                    ``(D) Supporting the development and enhancement of 
                innovative delivery models for career and technical 
                education.
                    ``(E) Working with industry to design and implement 
                courses or programs of study aligned to labor market 
                needs in new or emerging fields.
                    ``(F) Supporting innovative approaches to career and 
                technical education by redesigning the high school 
                experience for students, which may include evidence-
                based transitional support strategies for students who 
                have not met postsecondary education eligibility 
                requirements.
                    ``(G) Creating or expanding recruitment, retention, 
                or professional development activities for career and 
                technical education teachers, faculty, school leaders, 
                administrators, specialized instructional support 
                personnel, career guidance and academic counselors, and 
                paraprofessionals, which may include--
                          ``(i) providing resources and training to 
                      improve instruction for, and provide appropriate 
                      accommodations to, special populations;
                          ``(ii) externships or site visits with 
                      business and industry;
                          ``(iii) the integration of coherent and 
                      rigorous academic content standards and career and 
                      technical education curricula, including through 
                      opportunities for appropriate academic and career 
                      and technical education teachers to jointly 
                      develop and implement curricula and pedagogical 
                      strategies;
                          ``(iv) mentoring by experienced teachers;
                          ``(v) providing resources or assistance with 
                      meeting State teacher licensure and credential 
                      requirements; or
                          ``(vi) training for career guidance and 
                      academic counselors at the secondary level to 
                      improve awareness of postsecondary education and 
                      postsecondary career options, and improve the 
                      ability of such counselors to communicate to 
                      students the career opportunities and employment 
                      trends.
                    ``(H) Improving CTE concentrator employment outcomes 
                in non-traditional fields.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1597]]

                    ``(I) Supporting the use of career and technical 
                education programs and programs of study in a 
                coordinated strategy to address identified employer 
                needs and workforce shortages, such as shortages in the 
                early childhood, elementary school, and secondary school 
                education workforce.
                    ``(J) Providing integrated student support that 
                addresses the comprehensive needs of students, such as 
                incorporating accelerated and differentiated learning 
                opportunities supported by evidence-based strategies for 
                special populations.
                    ``(K) Establishing an online portal for career and 
                technical education students, including special 
                populations, preparing for postsecondary career and 
                technical education, which may include opportunities for 
                mentoring, gaining financial literacy skills, and 
                identifying career opportunities and interests, and a 
                platform to establish online savings accounts to be used 
                exclusively for postsecondary career and technical 
                education programs and programs of study.
                    ``(L) Developing and implementing a pay for success 
                initiative.
            ``(8) Evaluation.--Each eligible entity, eligible 
        institution, or eligible recipient receiving a grant under this 
        subsection shall provide for an independent evaluation of the 
        activities carried out using such grant and submit to the 
        Secretary an annual report that includes--
                    ``(A) a description of how funds received under this 
                paragraph were used;
                    ``(B) the performance of the eligible entity, 
                eligible institution, or eligible recipient with respect 
                to, at a minimum, the performance indicators described 
                under section 113, as applicable, and disaggregated by--
                          ``(i) subgroups of students described in 
                      section 1111(c)(2)(B) of the Elementary and 
                      Secondary Education Act of 1965;
                          ``(ii) special populations; and
                          ``(iii) as appropriate, each career and 
                      technical education program and program of study; 
                      and
                    ``(C) a quantitative analysis of the effectiveness 
                of the project carried out under this paragraph.''; and
            (7) by amending subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (5), to read as follows:

    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) $7,651,051 for fiscal year 2019;
            ``(2) $7,758,166 for fiscal year 2020;
            ``(3) $7,866,780 for fiscal year 2021;
            ``(4) $7,976,915 for fiscal year 2022;
            ``(5) $8,088,592 for fiscal year 2023; and
            ``(6) $8,201,832 for fiscal year 2024.''.
SEC. 114. ASSISTANCE FOR THE OUTLYING AREAS.

    Section 115 (20 U.S.C. 2325) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``subject to 
        subsection (d)'' and inserting ``subject to subsection (b)'';
            (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c); and
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (b).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1598]]

SEC. 115. NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS.

    Section 116 (20 U.S.C. 2326) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the paragraph heading, by 
                striking ``native'' and inserting ``Native'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively;
                    (D) in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C)), in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                ``hawaiian'' and inserting ``Hawaiian''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (4) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C))--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                      ``hawaiian'' and inserting ``Hawaiian''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``(20 U.S.C. 7517)'' after 
                      ``Act'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``tribes'' and inserting 
                      ``Tribes''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``tribal'' and inserting 
                      ``Tribal'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking the paragraph heading and 
                      inserting ``Indian tribes and tribal 
                      organizations.--'';
                          (ii) by striking ``Indian tribe or tribal 
                      organization'' and inserting ``Indian Tribe or 
                      Tribal organization'';
                          (iii) by striking ``450f'' and inserting 
                      ``5321''; and
                          (iv) by striking ``455-457'' and inserting 
                      ``5345-5347'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking 
                      ``bureau of indian affairs'' and inserting 
                      ``Bureau of indian education'';
                          (ii) by striking ``tribe'' and inserting 
                      ``Tribe'';
                          (iii) by striking ``tribal'' and inserting 
                      ``Tribal''; and
                          (iv) by striking ``Bureau of Indian Affairs'' 
                      and inserting ``Bureau of Indian Education'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) by striking ``Bureau of Indian Affairs'' 
                      each place the term appears and inserting ``Bureau 
                      of Indian Education''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``Assistant Secretary of the 
                      Interior for Indian Affairs'' and inserting 
                      ``Director of the Bureau of Indian Education'';
                    (E) in paragraph (5)(A), by striking ``Indian 
                tribes, tribal organizations, and individual tribal 
                members'' and inserting ``Indian Tribes, Tribal 
                organizations, and individual Tribal members''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (6)--
                          (i) by striking ``tribe'' each place the term 
                      appears and inserting ``Tribe''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``tribal'' each place the 
                      term appears and inserting ``Tribal'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1599]]

            ``(2) Special rule.--Notwithstanding section 3(5)(A)(iii), 
        funds made available under this section may be used to provide 
        preparatory, refresher, and remedial education services that are 
        designed to enable students to achieve success in career and 
        technical education programs or programs of study.'';
            (4) in subsection (d), by striking ``tribe'' each place the 
        term appears and inserting ``Tribe'';
            (5) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``tribal'' and 
        inserting ``Tribal'';
            (6) in subsection (f), by striking ``tribe'' and inserting 
        ``Tribe''; and
            (7) in subsection (g), by striking ``tribe'' each place the 
        term appears and inserting ``Tribe''.
SEC. 116. TRIBALLY CONTROLLED POSTSECONDARY CAREER AND TECHNICAL 
                        INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 117 (20 U.S.C. 2327) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``(25 U.S.C. 640a et 
        seq.)'' and inserting ``(Public Law 92-189; 85 Stat. 646)'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``(25 U.S.C. 640a et 
        seq.)'' and inserting ``(Public Law 92-189; 85 Stat. 646)'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(3), by striking ``tribe'' each place 
        the term appears and inserting ``Tribe'';
            (4) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``indian 
                tribe'' and inserting ``Indian tribe''; and
                    (B) by striking ``terms `Indian' and `Indian tribe' 
                have the meanings given the terms in'' and inserting 
                ``terms `Indian' and `Indian Tribe' have the meanings 
                given the terms `Indian' and `Indian tribe', 
                respectively, in''; and
            (5) by striking subsection (i) and inserting the following:

    ``(i) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section--
            ``(1) $9,762,539 for fiscal year 2019;
            ``(2) $9,899,215 for fiscal year 2020;
            ``(3) $10,037,804 for fiscal year 2021;
            ``(4) $10,178,333 for fiscal year 2022;
            ``(5) $10,320,829 for fiscal year 2023; and
            ``(6) $10,465,321 for fiscal year 2024.''.
SEC. 117. OCCUPATIONAL AND EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION.

    Section 118 (20 U.S.C. 2328) <<NOTE: Repeal.>>  is repealed.

                        PART B--STATE PROVISIONS

SEC. 121. STATE ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 121(a)(2) (20 U.S.C. 2341(a)(2)) is amended by striking 
``parents'' and all that follows through the end of the paragraph and 
inserting ``teachers, faculty, specialized instructional support 
personnel, paraprofessionals, school leaders, authorized public 
chartering agencies and charter school leaders (consistent with State 
law), employers, representatives of business (including small 
businesses), labor organizations, eligible recipients, local program 
administrators, State and local officials, Indian Tribes or Tribal 
organizations present in the State, parents, students, and community 
organizations;''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1600]]

SEC. 122. STATE PLAN.

    Section 122 (20 U.S.C. 2342) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``6-year period,'' and 
                      inserting ``4-year period, consistent with 
                      subsection (b) and paragraph (5),''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``Carl D. Perkins Career and 
                      Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006'' and 
                      inserting ``Strengthening Career and Technical 
                      Education for the 21st Century Act'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``6-year 
                period'' and inserting ``4-year period'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``(including 
                charter school'' and all that follows through ``and 
                community organizations)'' and inserting ``(including 
                teachers, faculty, specialized instructional support 
                personnel, paraprofessionals, school leaders, authorized 
                public chartering agencies and charter school leaders 
                (consistent with State law), employers, labor 
                organizations, parents, students, Indian Tribes and 
                Tribal organizations that may be present in the State, 
                and community organizations)''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Public comment.--Each eligible 
        agency shall make the State plan publicly available for public 
        comment for a period of not less than 30 days, by electronic 
        means and in an easily accessible format, prior to submission to 
        the Secretary for approval under this subsection. In the plan 
        the eligible agency files under this subsection, the eligible 
        agency shall provide an assurance that public comments were 
        taken into account in the development of the State plan.
            ``(5) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Optional submission of subsequent 
        plans.--An eligible agency may, after the first 4-year State 
        plan is submitted under this section, submit subsequent 4-year 
        plans not later than 120 days prior to the end of the 4-year 
        period covered by the preceding State plan or, if an eligible 
        agency chooses not to submit a State plan for a subsequent 4-
        year period, the eligible agency shall submit, and the Secretary 
        shall approve, annual revisions to the State determined levels 
        of performance in the same manner as revisions submitted and 
        approved under section 113(b)(3)(A)(ii).''; and
            (2) by striking subsections (b) through (e) and inserting 
        the following:

    ``(b) Options for Submission of State Plan.--
            ``(1) Combined plan.--The eligible agency may submit a 
        combined plan that meets the requirements of this section and 
        the requirements of section 103 of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3113).
            ``(2) Notice to secretary.--The eligible agency shall inform 
        the Secretary of whether the eligible agency intends to submit a 
        combined plan described in paragraph (1) or a single plan.

    ``(c) Plan Development.--
            ``(1) In general.--The eligible agency shall--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  develop the State 
                plan in consultation with--
                          ``(i) representatives of secondary and 
                      postsecondary career and technical education 
                      programs, including

[[Page 132 STAT. 1601]]

                      eligible recipients and representatives of 2-year 
                      minority-serving institutions and historically 
                      Black colleges and universities and tribally 
                      controlled colleges or universities in States 
                      where such institutions are in existence, adult 
                      career and technical education providers, and 
                      charter school representatives in States where 
                      such schools are in existence, which shall include 
                      teachers, faculty, school leaders, specialized 
                      instructional support personnel, career and 
                      academic guidance counselors, and 
                      paraprofessionals;
                          ``(ii) interested community representatives, 
                      including parents, students, and community 
                      organizations;
                          ``(iii) representatives of the State workforce 
                      development board established under section 101 of 
                      the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 
                      U.S.C. 3111) (referred to in this section as the 
                      `State board');
                          ``(iv) members and representatives of special 
                      populations;
                          ``(v) representatives of business and industry 
                      (including representatives of small business), 
                      which shall include representatives of industry 
                      and sector partnerships in the State, as 
                      appropriate, and representatives of labor 
                      organizations in the State;
                          ``(vi) representatives of agencies serving 
                      out-of-school youth, homeless children and youth, 
                      and at-risk youth, including the State Coordinator 
                      for Education of Homeless Children and Youths 
                      established or designated under section 722(d)(3) 
                      of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 
                      U.S.C. 11432(d)(3));
                          ``(vii) representatives of Indian Tribes and 
                      Tribal organizations located in, or providing 
                      services in, the State; and
                          ``(viii) individuals with disabilities; and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  consult the Governor 
                of the State, and the heads of other State agencies with 
                authority for career and technical education programs 
                that are not the eligible agency, with respect to the 
                development of the State plan.
            ``(2) Activities and procedures.--The eligible agency shall 
        develop effective activities and procedures, including access to 
        information needed to use such procedures, to allow the 
        individuals and entities described in paragraph (1) to 
        participate in State and local decisions that relate to 
        development of the State plan.
            ``(3) Consultation with the governor.--The consultation 
        described in paragraph (1)(B) shall include meetings of 
        officials from the eligible agency and the Governor's office and 
        shall occur--
                    ``(A) during the development of such plan; and
                    ``(B) prior to submission of the plan to the 
                Secretary.

    ``(d) Plan Contents.--The State plan shall include--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of State-supported 
        workforce development activities (including education and 
        training) in the State, including the degree to which the 
        State's career and technical education programs and programs of 
        study are aligned with

[[Page 132 STAT. 1602]]

        and address the education and skill needs of the employers in 
        the State identified by the State board;
            ``(2) the State's strategic vision and set of goals for 
        preparing an educated and skilled workforce (including special 
        populations) and for meeting the skilled workforce needs of 
        employers, including in existing and emerging in-demand industry 
        sectors and occupations as identified by the State, and how the 
        State's career and technical education programs will help to 
        meet these goals;
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Strategy.>>  a strategy for any joint 
        planning, alignment, coordination, and leveraging of funds--
                    ``(A) between the State's career and technical 
                education programs and programs of study with the 
                State's workforce development system, to achieve the 
                strategic vision and goals described in paragraph (2), 
                including the core programs defined in section 3 of the 
                Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 
                3102) and the elements related to system alignment under 
                section 102(b)(2)(B) of such Act (29 U.S.C. 
                3112(b)(2)(B)); and
                    ``(B) for programs carried out under this title with 
                other Federal programs, which may include programs 
                funded under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                of 1965 and the Higher Education Act of 1965;
            ``(4) a description of the career and technical education 
        programs or programs of study that will be supported, developed, 
        or improved at the State level, including descriptions of--
                    ``(A) the programs of study to be developed at the 
                State level and made available for adoption by eligible 
                recipients;
                    ``(B) the process and criteria to be used for 
                approving locally developed programs of study or career 
                pathways, including how such programs address State 
                workforce development and education needs and the 
                criteria to assess the extent to which the local 
                application under section 132 will--
                          ``(i) promote continuous improvement in 
                      academic achievement and technical skill 
                      attainment;
                          ``(ii) expand access to career and technical 
                      education for special populations; and
                          ``(iii) support the inclusion of employability 
                      skills in programs of study and career pathways;
                    ``(C) how the eligible agency will--
                          ``(i) make information on approved programs of 
                      study and career pathways (including career 
                      exploration, work-based learning opportunities, 
                      early college high schools, and dual or concurrent 
                      enrollment program opportunities) and guidance and 
                      advisement resources, available to students (and 
                      parents, as appropriate), representatives of 
                      secondary and postsecondary education, and special 
                      populations, and to the extent practicable, 
                      provide that information and those resources in a 
                      language students, parents, and educators can 
                      understand;
                          ``(ii) facilitate collaboration among eligible 
                      recipients in the development and coordination of 
                      career and technical education programs and 
                      programs of

[[Page 132 STAT. 1603]]

                      study and career pathways that include multiple 
                      entry and exit points;
                          ``(iii) use State, regional, or local labor 
                      market data to determine alignment of eligible 
                      recipients' programs of study to the needs of the 
                      State, regional, or local economy, including in-
                      demand industry sectors and occupations identified 
                      by the State board, and to align career and 
                      technical education with such needs, as 
                      appropriate;
                          ``(iv) ensure equal access to approved career 
                      and technical education programs of study and 
                      activities assisted under this Act for special 
                      populations;
                          ``(v) coordinate with the State board to 
                      support the local development of career pathways 
                      and articulate processes by which career pathways 
                      will be developed by local workforce development 
                      boards, as appropriate;
                          ``(vi) support effective and meaningful 
                      collaboration between secondary schools, 
                      postsecondary institutions, and employers to 
                      provide students with experience in, and 
                      understanding of, all aspects of an industry, 
                      which may include work-based learning such as 
                      internships, mentorships, simulated work 
                      environments, and other hands-on or inquiry-based 
                      learning activities; and
                          ``(vii) improve outcomes and reduce 
                      performance gaps for CTE concentrators, including 
                      those who are members of special populations; and
                    ``(D) how the eligible agency may include the 
                opportunity for secondary school students to participate 
                in dual or concurrent enrollment programs, early college 
                high school, or competency-based education;
            ``(5) a description of the criteria and process for how the 
        eligible agency will approve eligible recipients for funds under 
        this Act, including how--
                    ``(A) each eligible recipient will promote academic 
                achievement;
                    ``(B) each eligible recipient will promote skill 
                attainment, including skill attainment that leads to a 
                recognized postsecondary credential; and
                    ``(C) each eligible recipient will ensure the 
                comprehensive needs assessment under section 134(c) 
                takes into consideration local economic and education 
                needs, including, where appropriate, in-demand industry 
                sectors and occupations;
            ``(6) a description of how the eligible agency will support 
        the recruitment and preparation of teachers, including special 
        education teachers, faculty, school principals, administrators, 
        specialized instructional support personnel, and 
        paraprofessionals to provide career and technical education 
        instruction, leadership, and support, including professional 
        development that provides the knowledge and skills needed to 
        work with and improve instruction for special populations;
            ``(7) a description of how the eligible agency will use 
        State leadership funds under section 124;
            ``(8) a description of how funds received by the eligible 
        agency through the allotment made under section 111 will be 
        distributed--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1604]]

                    ``(A) among career and technical education at the 
                secondary level, or career and technical education at 
                the postsecondary and adult level, or both, including 
                how such distribution will most effectively provide 
                students with the skills needed to succeed in the 
                workplace; and
                    ``(B) among any consortia that may be formed among 
                secondary schools and eligible institutions, and how 
                funds will be distributed among the members of the 
                consortia, including the rationale for such distribution 
                and how it will most effectively provide students with 
                the skills needed to succeed in the workplace;
            ``(9) a description of the eligible agency's program 
        strategies for special populations, including a description of 
        how individuals who are members of special populations--
                    ``(A) will be provided with equal access to 
                activities assisted under this Act;
                    ``(B) will not be discriminated against on the basis 
                of status as a member of a special population;
                    ``(C) will be provided with programs designed to 
                enable individuals who are members of special 
                populations to meet or exceed State determined levels of 
                performance described in section 113, and prepare 
                special populations for further learning and for high-
                skill, high-wage, or in-demand industry sectors or 
                occupations;
                    ``(D) will be provided with appropriate 
                accommodations; and
                    ``(E) will be provided instruction and work-based 
                learning opportunities in integrated settings that 
                support competitive, integrated employment;
            ``(10) a description of the procedure the eligible agency 
        will adopt for determining State determined levels of 
        performance described in section 113, which, at a minimum, shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) a description of the process for public 
                comment under section 113(b)(3)(B) as part of the 
                development of the State determined levels of 
                performance under section 113(b);
                    ``(B) an explanation of the State determined levels 
                of performance; and
                    ``(C) a description of how the State determined 
                levels of performance set by the eligible agency align 
                with the levels, goals, and objectives of other Federal 
                and State laws;
            ``(11) a description of how the eligible agency will address 
        disparities or gaps in performance, as described in section 
        113(b)(3)(C)(ii)(II), in each of the plan years, and if no 
        meaningful progress has been achieved prior to the third program 
        year, a description of the additional actions the eligible 
        agency will take to eliminate these disparities or gaps;
            ``(12) describes how the eligible agency will involve 
        parents, academic and career and technical education teachers, 
        administrators, faculty, career guidance and academic 
        counselors, local business (including small businesses), labor 
        organizations, and representatives of Indian Tribes and Tribal 
        organizations, as appropriate, in the planning, development, 
        implementation, and evaluation of such career and technical 
        education programs; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1605]]

            ``(13) assurances that--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Compliance.>>  the eligible agency 
                will comply with the requirements of this Act and the 
                provisions of the State plan, including the provision of 
                a financial audit of funds received under this Act, 
                which may be included as part of an audit of other 
                Federal or State programs;
                    ``(B) none of the funds expended under this Act will 
                be used to acquire equipment (including computer 
                software) in any instance in which such acquisition 
                results in a direct financial benefit to any 
                organization representing the interests of the acquiring 
                entity or the employees of the acquiring entity, or any 
                affiliate of such an organization;
                    ``(C) the eligible agency will use the funds to 
                promote preparation for high-skill, high-wage, or in-
                demand industry sectors or occupations and non-
                traditional fields, as identified by the eligible 
                agency;
                    ``(D) the eligible agency will use the funds 
                provided under this Act to implement career and 
                technical education programs and programs of study for 
                individuals in State correctional institutions, 
                including juvenile justice facilities; and
                    ``(E) the eligible agency will provide local 
                educational agencies, area career and technical 
                education schools, and eligible institutions in the 
                State with technical assistance, including technical 
                assistance on how to close gaps in student participation 
                and performance in career and technical education 
                programs; and
            ``(14) a description of the opportunities for the public to 
        comment in person and in writing on the State plan under this 
        subsection.

    ``(e) Consultation.--
            ``(1) In general.--The eligible agency shall develop the 
        portion of each State plan relating to the amount and uses of 
        any funds proposed to be reserved for adult career and technical 
        education, postsecondary career and technical education, and 
        secondary career and technical education after consultation 
        with--
                    ``(A) the State agency responsible for supervision 
                of community colleges, technical institutes, other 2-
                year postsecondary institutions primarily engaged in 
                providing postsecondary career and technical education, 
                or, where applicable, institutions of higher education 
                that are engaged in providing postsecondary career and 
                technical education as part of their mission;
                    ``(B) the State agency responsible for secondary 
                education; and
                    ``(C) the State agency responsible for adult 
                education.
            ``(2) Objections of state agencies.--If a State agency other 
        than the eligible agency finds that a portion of the final State 
        plan is objectionable, that objection shall be filed together 
        with the State plan. The eligible agency shall respond to any 
        objections of such State agency in the State plan submitted to 
        the Secretary.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Time period. Submission.>>  Joint signature 
        authority.--A Governor shall have 30 days prior to the eligible 
        agency submitting the State plan to the Secretary to sign such 
        plan. If the Governor has not

[[Page 132 STAT. 1606]]

        signed the plan within 30 days of delivery by the eligible 
        agency to the Governor, the eligible agency shall submit the 
        plan to the Secretary without such signature.

    ``(f) Plan Approval.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Determination.>>  In general.--Not 
        later than 120 days after the eligible agency submits its State 
        plan, the Secretary shall approve such State plan, or a revision 
        of the plan under subsection (a)(2) (including a revision of 
        State determined levels of performance in accordance with 
        section 113(b)(3)(A)(iii)), if the Secretary determines that the 
        State has submitted in its State plan State determined levels of 
        performance that meet the criteria established in section 
        113(b)(3), including the minimum requirements described in 
        section 113(b)(3)(A)(i)(III), unless the Secretary--
                    ``(A) determines that the State plan does not meet 
                the requirements of this Act, including the minimum 
                requirements as described in section 
                113(b)(3)(A)(i)(III); and
                    ``(B) meets the requirements of paragraph (2) with 
                respect to such plan.
            ``(2) Disapproval.--The Secretary--
                    ``(A) shall have the authority to disapprove a State 
                plan only if the Secretary--
                          ``(i) determines how the State plan fails to 
                      meet the requirements of this Act; and
                          ``(ii) provides to the eligible agency, in 
                      writing, notice of such determination and the 
                      supporting information and rationale to 
                      substantiate such determination; and
                    ``(B) shall not finally disapprove a State plan, 
                except after making the determination and providing the 
                information described in subparagraph (A), and giving 
                the eligible agency notice and an opportunity for a 
                hearing.''.
SEC. 123. IMPROVEMENT PLANS.

    Section 123 (20 U.S.C. 2343) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``percent of an agreed upon'' 
                      and inserting ``percent of the'';
                          (ii) by striking ``State adjusted level of 
                      performance'' and inserting ``State determined 
                      level of performance'' each place the term 
                      appears;
                          (iii) by striking ``section 113(b)(3)'' and 
                      inserting ``113(b)(2) for all CTE concentrators'';
                          (iv) by striking ``(with special consideration 
                      to performance gaps identified under section 
                      113(c)(2))'' and inserting ``(that includes an 
                      analysis of the performance disparities or gaps 
                      identified under section 113(b)(3)(C)(ii)(II), and 
                      actions that will be taken to address such 
                      gaps)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``State's adjusted levels of 
                      performance'' and inserting ``State determined 
                      levels of performance''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1607]]

                          (ii) by striking ``purposes of this Act'' and 
                      inserting ``purposes of this section, including 
                      after implementation of the improvement plan 
                      described in paragraph (1),'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)(A)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by inserting ``or'' after 
                      the semicolon; and
                          (ii) by striking clauses (ii) and (iii) and 
                      inserting the following:
                          ``(ii) with respect to any specific core 
                      indicator of performance that was identified in a 
                      program improvement plan under paragraph (1), 
                      fails to meet at least 90 percent of a State 
                      determined level of performance for such core 
                      indicator for 2 consecutive years after the 
                      eligible agency has been identified for 
                      improvement under such paragraph.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Adjustments prohibited.--An eligible agency shall not 
        be eligible to adjust performance levels while executing an 
        improvement plan under this section.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``adjusted'' each place the term 
                appears;
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by inserting ``for all CTE concentrators'' 
                      after ``section 113(b)(4)''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``(with special consideration 
                      to performance gaps identified under section 
                      113(b)(4)(C)(ii)(II) in consultation with the 
                      eligible agency,'' and inserting ``(that includes 
                      an analysis of the performance disparities or gaps 
                      identified under section 113(b)(3)(C)(ii)(II), and 
                      actions that will be taken to address such gaps) 
                      in consultation with local stakeholders described 
                      in section 134(d)(1), the eligible agency, and'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by inserting 
                                ``or'' after the semicolon; and
                                    (II) by striking clauses (ii) and 
                                (iii) and inserting the following:
                          ``(ii) with respect to any specific core 
                      indicator of performance that was identified in a 
                      program improvement plan under paragraph (2), 
                      fails to meet at least 90 percent of the local 
                      level of performance for such core indicator for 2 
                      consecutive years after the eligible recipient has 
                      been identified for improvement under such 
                      paragraph.''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``or'' after the semicolon;
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking the 
                                period at the end and inserting ``; 
                                or''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                          ``(iii) in response to a public request from 
                      an eligible recipient, if the eligible agency 
                      determines that the requirements described in 
                      clause (i) or (ii) have been met.''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1608]]

                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Adjustments prohibited.--An eligible recipient shall 
        not be eligible to adjust performance levels while executing an 
        improvement plan under this section.''.
SEC. 124. STATE LEADERSHIP ACTIVITIES.

    Section 124 (20 U.S.C. 2344) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``shall conduct State 
        leadership activities.'' and inserting ``shall--
            ``(1) conduct State leadership activities to improve career 
        and technical education, which shall include support for--
                    ``(A) preparation for non-traditional fields in 
                current and emerging professions, programs for special 
                populations, and other activities that expose students, 
                including special populations, to high-skill, high-wage, 
                and in-demand occupations;
                    ``(B) individuals in State institutions, such as 
                State correctional institutions, including juvenile 
                justice facilities, and educational institutions that 
                serve individuals with disabilities;
                    ``(C) recruiting, preparing, or retaining career and 
                technical education teachers, faculty, specialized 
                instructional support personnel, or paraprofessionals, 
                such as preservice, professional development, or 
                leadership development programs; and
                    ``(D) technical assistance for eligible recipients; 
                and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  report on the effectiveness of 
        such use of funds in achieving the goals described in section 
        122(d)(2) and the State determined levels of performance 
        described in section 113(b)(3)(A), and reducing disparities or 
        performance gaps as described in section 
        113(b)(3)(C)(ii)(II).'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Required'' and inserting ``Permissible'';
                    (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``shall'' and inserting ``may''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraphs (1) through (9) and 
                inserting the following:
            ``(1) developing statewide programs of study, which may 
        include standards, curriculum, and course development, and 
        career exploration, guidance, and advisement activities and 
        resources;
            ``(2) approving locally developed programs of study that 
        meet the requirements established in section 122(d)(4)(B);
            ``(3) establishing statewide articulation agreements aligned 
        to approved programs of study;
            ``(4) establishing statewide industry or sector partnerships 
        among local educational agencies, institutions of higher 
        education, adult education providers, Indian Tribes and Tribal 
        organizations that may be present in the State, employers, 
        including small businesses, and parents, as appropriate to--
                    ``(A) develop and implement programs of study 
                aligned to State and local economic and education needs, 
                including, as appropriate, in-demand industry sectors 
                and occupations;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1609]]

                    ``(B) facilitate the establishment, expansion, and 
                integration of opportunities for students at the 
                secondary level to--
                          ``(i) successfully complete coursework that 
                      integrates rigorous and challenging technical and 
                      academic instruction aligned with the challenging 
                      State academic standards adopted by the State 
                      under section 1111(b)(1) of the Elementary and 
                      Secondary Education Act of 1965; and
                          ``(ii) earn a recognized postsecondary 
                      credential or credit toward a recognized 
                      postsecondary credential, which may be earned 
                      through a dual or concurrent enrollment program or 
                      early college high school, at no cost to the 
                      student or the student's family; and
                    ``(C) facilitate work-based learning opportunities 
                (including internships, externships, and simulated work 
                environments) into programs of study;
            ``(5) for teachers, faculty, specialized instructional 
        support personnel, and paraprofessionals providing career and 
        technical education instruction, support services, and 
        specialized instructional support services, high-quality 
        comprehensive professional development that is, to the extent 
        practicable, grounded in evidence-based research (to the extent 
        a State determines that such evidence is reasonably available) 
        that identifies the most effective educator professional 
        development process and is coordinated and aligned with other 
        professional development activities carried out by the State 
        (including under title II of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 and title II of the Higher Education Act 
        of 1965), including programming that--
                    ``(A) promotes the integration of the challenging 
                State academic standards adopted by the State under 
                section 1111(b)(1) of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965 and relevant technical knowledge 
                and skills, including programming jointly delivered to 
                academic and career and technical education teachers;
                    ``(B) prepares career and technical education 
                teachers, faculty, specialized instructional support 
                personnel, and paraprofessionals to provide appropriate 
                accommodations for students who are members of special 
                populations, including through the use of principles of 
                universal design for learning, multi-tier systems of 
                supports, and positive behavioral interventions and 
                support; and
                    ``(C) increases the ability of teachers, faculty, 
                specialized instructional support personnel, and 
                paraprofessionals providing career and technical 
                education instruction to stay current with industry 
                standards and earn an industry-recognized credential or 
                license, as appropriate, including by assisting those 
                with relevant industry experience in obtaining State 
                teacher licensure or credential requirements;
            ``(6) supporting eligible recipients in eliminating 
        inequities in student access to--
                    ``(A) high-quality programs of study that provide 
                skill development; and
                    ``(B) effective teachers, faculty, specialized 
                instructional support personnel, and paraprofessionals;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1610]]

            ``(7) <<NOTE: Grants.>>  awarding incentive grants to 
        eligible recipients--
                    ``(A) for exemplary performance in carrying out 
                programs under this Act, which awards shall be based 
                on--
                          ``(i) eligible recipients exceeding the local 
                      level of performance on a core indicator of 
                      performance established under section 113(b)(4)(A) 
                      in a manner that reflects sustained or significant 
                      improvement;
                          ``(ii) eligible recipients effectively 
                      developing connections between secondary education 
                      and postsecondary education and training;
                          ``(iii) the integration of academic and 
                      technical standards;
                          ``(iv) eligible recipients' progress in 
                      closing achievement gaps among subpopulations who 
                      participate in programs of study; or
                          ``(v) other factors relating to the 
                      performance of eligible recipients under this Act 
                      as the eligible agency determines are appropriate; 
                      or
                    ``(B) if an eligible recipient elects to use funds 
                as permitted under section 135(c);
            ``(8) providing support for--
                    ``(A) the adoption and integration of recognized 
                postsecondary credentials and work-based learning into 
                programs of study, and for increasing data collection 
                associated with recognized postsecondary credentials and 
                employment outcomes; or
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Consultation. Coordination.>>  
                consultation and coordination with other State agencies 
                for the identification and examination of licenses or 
                certifications that--
                          ``(i) pose an unwarranted barrier to entry 
                      into the workforce for career and technical 
                      education students; and
                          ``(ii) do not protect the health, safety, or 
                      welfare of consumers;
            ``(9) the creation, implementation, and support of pay for 
        success initiatives leading to a recognized postsecondary 
        credential;
            ``(10) support for career and technical education programs 
        for adults and out-of-school youth concurrent with their 
        completion of their secondary school education in a school or 
        other educational setting;
            ``(11) the creation, evaluation, and support of competency-
        based curricula;
            ``(12) support for the development, implementation, and 
        expansion of programs of study or career pathways in areas 
        declared to be in a state of emergency under section 501 of the 
        Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 5191);
            ``(13) partnering with qualified intermediaries to improve 
        training, the development of public-private partnerships, 
        systems development, capacity-building, and scalability of the 
        delivery of high-quality career and technical education;
            ``(14) improvement of career guidance and academic 
        counseling programs that assist students in making informed 
        academic and career and technical education decisions, including 
        academic and financial aid counseling;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1611]]

            ``(15) support for the integration of employability skills 
        into career and technical education programs and programs of 
        study;
            ``(16) support for programs and activities that increase 
        access, student engagement, and success in science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics fields (including computer science, 
        coding, and architecture), support for the integration of arts 
        and design skills, and support for hands-on learning, 
        particularly for students who are members of groups 
        underrepresented in such subject fields, such as female 
        students, minority students, and students who are members of 
        special populations;
            ``(17) support for career and technical student 
        organizations, especially with respect to efforts to increase 
        the participation of students in nontraditional fields and 
        students who are members of special populations;
            ``(18) support for establishing and expanding work-based 
        learning opportunities that are aligned to career and technical 
        education programs and programs of study;
            ``(19) integrating and aligning programs of study and career 
        pathways;
            ``(20) supporting the use of career and technical education 
        programs and programs of study aligned with State, regional, or 
        local high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand industry sectors or 
        occupations identified by the State workforce development board 
        described in section 101 of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3111) or local workforce development 
        boards;
            ``(21) making all forms of instructional content widely 
        available, which may include use of open educational resources;
            ``(22) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  developing valid and reliable 
        assessments of competencies and technical skills and enhancing 
        data systems to collect and analyze data on secondary and 
        postsecondary academic and employment outcomes;
            ``(23) support for accelerated learning programs, as 
        described in section 4104(b)(3)(A)(i)(IV) of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965, in the case of any such program 
        that is part of a career and technical education program of 
        study;
            ``(24) support for career academies to implement a 
        postsecondary education and workforce-ready curriculum at the 
        secondary education level that integrates rigorous academic, 
        technical, and employability contents through career and 
        technical education programs and programs of study that address 
        needs described in the comprehensive needs assessment under 
        section 134(c); and
            ``(25) other State leadership activities that improve career 
        and technical education.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (c);
            (4) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c); and
            (5) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (4), by 
        striking the period at the end and inserting ``, unless 
        expressly authorized under subsection (a).''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1612]]

                        PART C--LOCAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 131. DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS TO SECONDARY EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    Section 131 (20 U.S.C. 2351) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3)(B), by striking ``Bureau of Indian 
        Affairs'' and inserting ``Bureau of Indian Education'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2)(A)(ii), by inserting ``or programs 
        of study'' after ``technical education programs'';
            (3) in subsection (g), by inserting ``and programs of 
        study'' after ``technical education programs''; and
            (4) in subsection (h), by striking ``Bureau of Indian 
        Affairs'' and inserting ``Bureau of Indian Education''.
SEC. 132. SPECIAL RULES FOR CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION.

    Section 133 (20 U.S.C. 2353) is amended by inserting ``or programs 
of study'' after ``career and technical education programs'' each place 
the term appears.
SEC. 133. LOCAL APPLICATION FOR CAREER AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION 
                        PROGRAMS.

    Section 134 (20 U.S.C. 2354) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``local plan'' and 
        inserting ``local application'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Local 
                Plan'' and inserting ``Local Application'';
                    (B) by striking ``submit a local plan'' and 
                inserting ``submit a local application''; and
                    (C) by striking ``Such local plan'' and inserting 
                ``Such local application''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Contents.--The eligible agency shall determine the 
requirements for local applications, except that each local application 
shall contain--
            ``(1) a description of the results of the comprehensive 
        needs assessment conducted under subsection (c);
            ``(2) information on the career and technical education 
        course offerings and activities that the eligible recipient will 
        provide with funds under this part, which shall include not less 
        than 1 program of study approved by a State under section 
        124(b)(2), including--
                    ``(A) how the results of the comprehensive needs 
                assessment described in subsection (c) informed the 
                selection of the specific career and technical education 
                programs and activities selected to be funded;
                    ``(B) a description of any new programs of study the 
                eligible recipient will develop and submit to the State 
                for approval; and
                    ``(C) how students, including students who are 
                members of special populations, will learn about their 
                school's career and technical education course offerings 
                and whether each course is part of a career and 
                technical education program of study;
            ``(3) a description of how the eligible recipient, in 
        collaboration with local workforce development boards and other 
        local

[[Page 132 STAT. 1613]]

        workforce agencies, one-stop delivery systems described in 
        section 121(e)(2) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity 
        Act (29 U.S.C. 3151(e)(2)), and other partners, will provide--
                    ``(A) career exploration and career development 
                coursework, activities, or services;
                    ``(B) career information on employment opportunities 
                that incorporate the most up-to-date information on 
                high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand industry sectors or 
                occupations, as determined by the comprehensive needs 
                assessment described in subsection (c); and
                    ``(C) an organized system of career guidance and 
                academic counseling to students before enrolling and 
                while participating in a career and technical education 
                program;
            ``(4) a description of how the eligible recipient will 
        improve the academic and technical skills of students 
        participating in career and technical education programs by 
        strengthening the academic and career and technical education 
        components of such programs through the integration of coherent 
        and rigorous content aligned with challenging academic standards 
        and relevant career and technical education programs to ensure 
        learning in the subjects that constitute a well-rounded 
        education (as defined in section 8101 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965);
            ``(5) a description of how the eligible recipient will--
                    ``(A) provide activities to prepare special 
                populations for high-skill, high-wage, or in-demand 
                industry sectors or occupations that will lead to self-
                sufficiency;
                    ``(B) prepare CTE participants for non-traditional 
                fields;
                    ``(C) provide equal access for special populations 
                to career and technical education courses, programs, and 
                programs of study; and
                    ``(D) ensure that members of special populations 
                will not be discriminated against on the basis of their 
                status as members of special populations;
            ``(6) a description of the work-based learning opportunities 
        that the eligible recipient will provide to students 
        participating in career and technical education programs and how 
        the recipient will work with representatives from employers to 
        develop or expand work-based learning opportunities for career 
        and technical education students, as applicable;
            ``(7) a description of how the eligible recipient will 
        provide students participating in career and technical education 
        programs with the opportunity to gain postsecondary credit while 
        still attending high school, such as through dual or concurrent 
        enrollment programs or early college high school, as 
        practicable;
            ``(8) a description of how the eligible recipient will 
        coordinate with the eligible agency and institutions of higher 
        education to support the recruitment, preparation, retention, 
        and training, including professional development, of teachers, 
        faculty, administrators, and specialized instructional support 
        personnel and paraprofessionals who meet applicable State 
        certification and licensure requirements (including any 
        requirements met through alternative routes to certification), 
        including individuals from groups underrepresented in the 
        teaching profession; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1614]]

            ``(9) a description of how the eligible recipient will 
        address disparities or gaps in performance as described in 
        section 113(b)(3)(C)(ii)(II) in each of the plan years, and if 
        no meaningful progress has been achieved prior to the third 
        program year, a description of the additional actions such 
        recipient will take to eliminate those disparities or gaps.

    ``(c) Comprehensive Needs Assessment.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  In general.--To be eligible to 
        receive financial assistance under this part, an eligible 
        recipient shall--
                    ``(A) conduct a comprehensive local needs assessment 
                related to career and technical education and include 
                the results of the needs assessment in the local 
                application submitted under subsection (a); and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  not less than once every 
                2 years, update such comprehensive local needs 
                assessment.
            ``(2) Requirements.--The comprehensive local needs 
        assessment described in paragraph (1) shall include each of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of the 
                performance of the students served by the eligible 
                recipient with respect to State determined and local 
                levels of performance established pursuant to section 
                113, including an evaluation of performance for special 
                populations and each subgroup described in section 
                1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the Elementary and Secondary 
                Education Act of 1965.
                    ``(B) A description of how career and technical 
                education programs offered by the eligible recipient 
                are--
                          ``(i) sufficient in size, scope, and quality 
                      to meet the needs of all students served by the 
                      eligible recipient; and
                          ``(ii)(I) aligned to State, regional, Tribal, 
                      or local in-demand industry sectors or occupations 
                      identified by the State workforce development 
                      board described in section 101 of the Workforce 
                      Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3111) 
                      (referred to in this section as the `State board') 
                      or local workforce development board, including 
                      career pathways, where appropriate; or
                          ``(II) designed to meet local education or 
                      economic needs not identified by State boards or 
                      local workforce development boards.
                    ``(C) An evaluation of progress toward the 
                implementation of career and technical education 
                programs and programs of study.
                    ``(D) A description of how the eligible recipient 
                will improve recruitment, retention, and training of 
                career and technical education teachers, faculty, 
                specialized instructional support personnel, 
                paraprofessionals, and career guidance and academic 
                counselors, including individuals in groups 
                underrepresented in such professions.
                    ``(E) A description of progress toward 
                implementation of equal access to high-quality career 
                and technical education courses and programs of study 
                for all students, including--
                          ``(i) strategies to overcome barriers that 
                      result in lower rates of access to, or performance 
                      gaps in, the courses and programs for special 
                      populations;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1615]]

                          ``(ii) providing programs that are designed to 
                      enable special populations to meet the local 
                      levels of performance; and
                          ``(iii) providing activities to prepare 
                      special populations for high-skill, high-wage, or 
                      in-demand industry sectors or occupations in 
                      competitive, integrated settings that will lead to 
                      self-sufficiency.

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  Consultation.--In conducting the 
comprehensive needs assessment under subsection (c), and developing the 
local application described in subsection (b), an eligible recipient 
shall involve a diverse body of stakeholders, including, at a minimum--
            ``(1) representatives of career and technical education 
        programs in a local educational agency or educational service 
        agency, including teachers, career guidance and academic 
        counselors, principals and other school leaders, administrators, 
        and specialized instructional support personnel and 
        paraprofessionals;
            ``(2) representatives of career and technical education 
        programs at postsecondary educational institutions, including 
        faculty and administrators;
            ``(3) representatives of the State board or local workforce 
        development boards and a range of local or regional businesses 
        or industries;
            ``(4) parents and students;
            ``(5) representatives of special populations;
            ``(6) representatives of regional or local agencies serving 
        out-of-school youth, homeless children and youth, and at-risk 
        youth (as defined in section 1432 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965);
            ``(7) representatives of Indian Tribes and Tribal 
        organizations in the State, where applicable; and
            ``(8) any other stakeholders that the eligible agency may 
        require the eligible recipient to consult.

    ``(e) Continued Consultation.--An eligible recipient receiving 
financial assistance under this part shall consult with stakeholders 
described in subsection (d) on an ongoing basis, as determined by the 
eligible agency. This may include consultation in order to--
            ``(1) provide input on annual updates to the comprehensive 
        needs assessment required under subsection (c)(1)(B);
            ``(2) ensure programs of study are--
                    ``(A) responsive to community employment needs;
                    ``(B) aligned with employment priorities in the 
                State, regional, tribal, or local economy identified by 
                employers and the entities described in subsection (d), 
                which may include in-demand industry sectors or 
                occupations identified by the local workforce 
                development board;
                    ``(C) informed by labor market information, 
                including information provided under section 15(e)(2)(C) 
                of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 491-2(e)(2)(C));
                    ``(D) designed to meet current, intermediate, or 
                long-term labor market projections; and
                    ``(E) allow employer input, including input from 
                industry or sector partnerships in the local area, where 
                applicable, into the development and implementation of 
                programs of study to ensure such programs of study align 
                with skills required by local employment opportunities,

[[Page 132 STAT. 1616]]

                including activities such as the identification of 
                relevant standards, curriculum, industry-recognized 
                credentials, and current technology and equipment;
            ``(3) identify and encourage opportunities for work-based 
        learning; and
            ``(4) ensure funding under this part is used in a 
        coordinated manner with other local resources.''.
SEC. 134. LOCAL USES OF FUNDS.

    Section 135 (20 U.S.C. 2355) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 135. LOCAL USES OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) General Authority.--Each eligible recipient that receives 
funds under this part shall use such funds to develop, coordinate, 
implement, or improve career and technical education programs to meet 
the needs identified in the comprehensive needs assessment described in 
section 134(c).
    ``(b) Requirements for Uses of Funds.--Funds made available to 
eligible recipients under this part shall be used to support career and 
technical education programs that are of sufficient size, scope, and 
quality to be effective and that--
            ``(1) provide career exploration and career development 
        activities through an organized, systematic framework designed 
        to aid students, including in the middle grades, before 
        enrolling and while participating in a career and technical 
        education program, in making informed plans and decisions about 
        future education and career opportunities and programs of study, 
        which may include--
                    ``(A) introductory courses or activities focused on 
                career exploration and career awareness, including non-
                traditional fields;
                    ``(B) readily available career and labor market 
                information, including information on--
                          ``(i) occupational supply and demand;
                          ``(ii) educational requirements;
                          ``(iii) other information on careers aligned 
                      to State, local, or Tribal (as applicable) 
                      economic priorities; and
                          ``(iv) employment sectors;
                    ``(C) programs and activities related to the 
                development of student graduation and career plans;
                    ``(D) career guidance and academic counselors that 
                provide information on postsecondary education and 
                career options;
                    ``(E) any other activity that advances knowledge of 
                career opportunities and assists students in making 
                informed decisions about future education and employment 
                goals, including non-traditional fields; or
                    ``(F) providing students with strong experience in, 
                and comprehensive understanding of, all aspects of an 
                industry;
            ``(2) provide professional development for teachers, 
        faculty, school leaders, administrators, specialized 
        instructional support personnel, career guidance and academic 
        counselors, or paraprofessionals, which may include--
                    ``(A) professional development on supporting 
                individualized academic and career and technical 
                education instructional approaches, including the 
                integration of academic and career and technical 
                education standards and curricula;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1617]]

                    ``(B) professional development on ensuring labor 
                market information is used to inform the programs, 
                guidance, and advisement offered to students, including 
                information provided under section 15(e)(2)(C) of the 
                Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2(e)(2)(C));
                    ``(C) providing teachers, faculty, school leaders, 
                administrators, specialized instructional support 
                personnel, career guidance and academic counselors, or 
                paraprofessionals, as appropriate, with opportunities to 
                advance knowledge, skills, and understanding of all 
                aspects of an industry, including the latest workplace 
                equipment, technologies, standards, and credentials;
                    ``(D) supporting school leaders and administrators 
                in managing career and technical education programs in 
                the schools, institutions, or local educational agencies 
                of such school leaders or administrators;
                    ``(E) supporting the implementation of strategies to 
                improve student achievement and close gaps in student 
                participation and performance in career and technical 
                education programs;
                    ``(F) providing teachers, faculty, specialized 
                instructional support personnel, career guidance and 
                academic counselors, principals, school leaders, or 
                paraprofessionals, as appropriate, with opportunities to 
                advance knowledge, skills, and understanding in 
                pedagogical practices, including, to the extent the 
                eligible recipient determines that such evidence is 
                reasonably available, evidence-based pedagogical 
                practices;
                    ``(G) training teachers, faculty, school leaders, 
                administrators, specialized instructional support 
                personnel, career guidance and academic counselors, or 
                paraprofessionals, as appropriate, to provide 
                appropriate accommodations for individuals with 
                disabilities, and students with disabilities who are 
                provided accommodations under the Rehabilitation Act of 
                1973 (29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.) or the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act;
                    ``(H) training teachers, faculty, specialized 
                instructional support personnel, career guidance and 
                academic counselors, and paraprofessionals in frameworks 
                to effectively teach students, including a particular 
                focus on students with disabilities and English 
                learners, which may include universal design for 
                learning, multi-tier systems of supports, and positive 
                behavioral interventions and support; or
                    ``(I) training for the effective use of community 
                spaces that provide access to tools, technology, and 
                knowledge for learners and entrepreneurs, such as 
                makerspaces or libraries;
            ``(3) provide within career and technical education the 
        skills necessary to pursue careers in high-skill, high-wage, or 
        in-demand industry sectors or occupations;
            ``(4) support integration of academic skills into career and 
        technical education programs and programs of study to support--
                    ``(A) CTE participants at the secondary school level 
                in meeting the challenging State academic standards 
                adopted under section 1111(b)(1) of the Elementary and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1618]]

                Secondary Education Act of 1965 by the State in which 
                the eligible recipient is located; and
                    ``(B) CTE participants at the postsecondary level in 
                achieving academic skills;
            ``(5) plan and carry out elements that support the 
        implementation of career and technical education programs and 
        programs of study and that result in increasing student 
        achievement of the local levels of performance established under 
        section 113, which may include--
                    ``(A) a curriculum aligned with the requirements for 
                a program of study;
                    ``(B) sustainable relationships among education, 
                business and industry, and other community stakeholders, 
                including industry or sector partnerships in the local 
                area, where applicable, that are designed to facilitate 
                the process of continuously updating and aligning 
                programs of study with skills that are in demand in the 
                State, regional, or local economy, and in collaboration 
                with business outreach staff in one-stop centers, as 
                defined in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102), and other appropriate 
                organizations, including community-based and youth-
                serving organizations;
                    ``(C) where appropriate, expanding opportunities for 
                CTE concentrators to participate in accelerated learning 
                programs (as described in section 4104(b)(3)(A)(i)(IV) 
                of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 
                (20 U.S.C. 7114(b)(3)(A)(i)(IV)), including dual or 
                concurrent enrollment programs, early college high 
                schools, and the development or implementation of 
                articulation agreements as part of a career and 
                technical education program of study;
                    ``(D) appropriate equipment, technology, and 
                instructional materials (including support for library 
                resources) aligned with business and industry needs, 
                including machinery, testing equipment, tools, 
                implements, hardware and software, and other new and 
                emerging instructional materials;
                    ``(E) a continuum of work-based learning 
                opportunities, including simulated work environments;
                    ``(F) industry-recognized certification examinations 
                or other assessments leading toward a recognized 
                postsecondary credential;
                    ``(G) efforts to recruit and retain career and 
                technical education program teachers, faculty, school 
                leaders, administrators, specialized instructional 
                support personnel, career guidance and academic 
                counselors, and paraprofessionals;
                    ``(H) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  where applicable, 
                coordination with other education and workforce 
                development programs and initiatives, including career 
                pathways and sector partnerships developed under the 
                Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3101 
                et seq.) and other Federal laws and initiatives that 
                provide students with transition-related services, 
                including the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                Act;
                    ``(I) expanding opportunities for students to 
                participate in distance career and technical education 
                and blended-learning programs;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1619]]

                    ``(J) expanding opportunities for students to 
                participate in competency-based education programs;
                    ``(K) improving career guidance and academic 
                counseling programs that assist students in making 
                informed academic and career and technical education 
                decisions, including academic and financial aid 
                counseling;
                    ``(L) supporting the integration of employability 
                skills into career and technical education programs and 
                programs of study, including through family and consumer 
                science programs;
                    ``(M) supporting programs and activities that 
                increase access, student engagement, and success in 
                science, technology, engineering, and mathematics fields 
                (including computer science and architecture) for 
                students who are members of groups underrepresented in 
                such subject fields;
                    ``(N) providing career and technical education, in a 
                school or other educational setting, for adults or out-
                of-school youth to complete secondary school education 
                or upgrade technical skills;
                    ``(O) supporting career and technical student 
                organizations, including student preparation for and 
                participation in technical skills competitions aligned 
                with career and technical education program standards 
                and curricula;
                    ``(P) making all forms of instructional content 
                widely available, which may include use of open 
                educational resources;
                    ``(Q) supporting the integration of arts and design 
                skills, when appropriate, into career and technical 
                education programs and programs of study;
                    ``(R) partnering with a qualified intermediary to 
                improve training, the development of public-private 
                partnerships, systems development, capacity-building, 
                and scalability of the delivery of high-quality career 
                and technical education;
                    ``(S) support to reduce or eliminate out-of-pocket 
                expenses for special populations participating in career 
                and technical education, including those participating 
                in dual or concurrent enrollment programs or early 
                college high school programs, and supporting the costs 
                associated with fees, transportation, child care, or 
                mobility challenges for those special populations; or
                    ``(T) other activities to improve career and 
                technical education programs; and
            ``(6) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  develop and implement 
        evaluations of the activities carried out with funds under this 
        part, including evaluations necessary to complete the 
        comprehensive needs assessment required under section 134(c) and 
        the local report required under section 113(b)(4)(B).

    ``(c) Pooling Funds.--An eligible recipient may pool a portion of 
funds received under this Act with a portion of funds received under 
this Act available to one or more eligible recipients to support 
implementation of programs of study through the activities described in 
subsection (b)(2).
    ``(d) Administrative Costs.--Each eligible recipient receiving funds 
under this part shall not use more than 5 percent of such funds for 
costs associated with the administration of activities under this 
section.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1620]]

                      TITLE II--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 201. FEDERAL AND STATE ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Act (20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 311--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``and tech prep 
                program activities''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by amending subparagraph (A) to 
                                read as follows:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), (C), or (D), in order for a State to 
                receive its full allotment of funds under this Act for 
                any fiscal year, the Secretary must find that the 
                State's fiscal effort per student, or the aggregate 
                expenditures of such State, with respect to career and 
                technical education for the preceding fiscal year was 
                not less than the fiscal effort per student, or the 
                aggregate expenditures of such State, for the second 
                preceding fiscal year.'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                striking ``shall exclude capital 
                                expenditures, special 1-time project 
                                costs, and the cost of pilot programs.'' 
                                and inserting ``shall, at the request of 
                                the State, exclude competitive or 
                                incentive-based programs established by 
                                the State, capital expenditures, special 
                                one-time project costs, and the cost of 
                                pilot programs.''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                    ``(D) Establishing the state baseline.--For purposes 
                of applying subparagraph (A) for years which require the 
                calculation of the State's fiscal effort per student, or 
                aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect to 
                career and technical education for the first full fiscal 
                year following the date of enactment of the 
                Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the 
                21st Century Act, the State may determine the State's 
                fiscal effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of 
                such State, with respect to career and technical 
                education for such first full fiscal year by--
                          ``(i) continuing to use the State's fiscal 
                      effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of 
                      such State, with respect to career and technical 
                      education, as was in effect on the day before the 
                      date of enactment of the Strengthening Career and 
                      Technical Education for the 21st Century Act; or
                          ``(ii) establishing a new level of fiscal 
                      effort per student, or aggregate expenditures of 
                      such State, with respect to career and technical 
                      education, which is not less than 95 percent of 
                      the State's fiscal effort per student, or the 
                      aggregate expenditures of such State, with respect 
                      to career and technical education for the 
                      preceding fiscal year.'';
                          (ii) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
                      the following:
            ``(2) Failure to meet.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1621]]

                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall reduce the 
                amount of a State's allotment of funds under this Act 
                for any fiscal year in the exact proportion by which the 
                State fails to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) by 
                falling below the State's fiscal effort per student or 
                the State's aggregate expenditures (using the measure 
                most favorable to the State), if the State failed to 
                meet such requirement (as determined using the measure 
                most favorable to the State) for 1 or more of the 5 
                immediately preceding fiscal years.
                    ``(B) Special rule.--No such lesser amount shall be 
                used for computing the effort required under paragraph 
                (1) for subsequent years.
            ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive paragraph (2) due to 
        exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances affecting the 
        ability of the State to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) 
        such as a natural disaster or an unforeseen and precipitous 
        decline in financial resources. No level of funding permitted 
        under such a waiver may be used as the basis for computing the 
        fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures required under this 
        section for years subsequent to the year covered by such waiver. 
        The fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures for the subsequent 
        years shall be computed on the basis of the level of funding 
        that would, but for such waiver, have been required.'';
            (2) in section 314(1), by striking ``career path or major'' 
        and inserting ``career pathway or program of study'';
            (3) in section 315--
                    (A) by inserting ``or programs of study'' after 
                ``career and technical education programs''; and
                    (B) by striking ``seventh grade'' and inserting 
                ``the middle grades (as such term is defined in section 
                8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
                1965)'';
            (4) in section 317(b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``, including programs of 
                      study,'' after ``activities''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``who reside in the 
                      geographical area served by'' and inserting ``in 
                      areas served by''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``the geographical area'' and 
                      inserting ``areas''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, including programs of 
                      study,'' after ``activities'';
            (5) <<NOTE: 20 USC 2391-2398, 2411-2414. 20 USC 2391-
        2398. 20 USC 2411-2414.>>  by striking title II and 
        redesignating title III as title II;
            (6) by redesignating sections 311 through 318, as amended by 
        this section, as sections 211 through 218, respectively;
            (7) by redesignating sections 321 through 324 as sections 
        221 through 224, respectively; and
            (8) by inserting after section 218 (as so redesignated) the 
        following:
``SEC. 219. <<NOTE: 20 USC 2399.>>  STUDY ON PROGRAMS OF STUDY 
                        ALIGNED TO HIGH-SKILL, HIGH-WAGE 
                        OCCUPATIONS.

    ``(a) Scope of Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a study to evaluate--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1622]]

            ``(1) the strategies, components, policies, and practices 
        used by eligible agencies or eligible recipients receiving 
        funding under this Act to successfully assist--
                    ``(A) all students in pursuing and completing 
                programs of study aligned to high-skill, high-wage 
                occupations; and
                    ``(B) any special population or specific subgroup of 
                students identified in section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the 
                Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 in 
                pursuing and completing programs of study aligned to 
                high-skill, high-wage occupations in fields in which 
                such special population or subgroup is underrepresented; 
                and
            ``(2) any challenges associated with replication of such 
        strategies, components, policies, and practices.

    ``(b) Consultation.--In carrying out the study conducted under 
subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
consult with a geographically diverse (including urban, suburban, and 
rural) representation of--
            ``(1) students and parents;
            ``(2) eligible agencies and eligible recipients;
            ``(3) teachers, faculty, specialized instructional support 
        personnel, and paraprofessionals, including those with expertise 
        in preparing career and technical education students for non-
        traditional fields;
            ``(4) Indian Tribes and Tribal organizations;
            ``(5) special populations; and
            ``(6) representatives of business and industry.

    ``(c) Submission.--Upon completion, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit the study conducted under subsection (a) to 
the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
Pensions of the Senate.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 8(a) (20 U.S.C. 2306a(a)) is 
amended by striking ``311(b), and 323'' and inserting ``211(b), and 
223''.

                   TITLE III--AMENDMENTS TO OTHER LAWS

SEC. 301. AMENDMENTS TO THE WAGNER-PEYSER ACT.

    Section 15(e)(2) of the Wagner-Peyser Act (29 U.S.C. 49l-2(e)(2)) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  consult with eligible 
                agencies (defined in section 3 of the Carl D. Perkins 
                Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
                2302)), State educational agencies, and local 
                educational agencies concerning the provision of 
                workforce and labor market information in order to--
                          ``(i) meet the needs of secondary school and 
                      postsecondary school students who seek such 
                      information; and
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  annually inform 
                      the development and implementation of programs of 
                      study defined in section 3 of the Carl D. Perkins 
                      Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 
                      U.S.C. 2302), and career pathways;'';

[[Page 132 STAT. 1623]]

            (2) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (3) in subparagraph (H), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) provide, on an annual and timely basis to each 
                eligible agency (defined in section 3 of the Carl D. 
                Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 
                U.S.C. 2302)), the data and information described in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (a)(1).''.
SEC. 302. AMENDMENTS TO THE ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT 
                        OF 1965.
            (1) Section 1111(h)(1)(C)(xiv) of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C)(xiv)) 
        is amended by striking ``attaining career and technical 
        proficiencies (as defined by section 113(b) of the Carl D. 
        Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
        2323(b)) and reported by States only in a manner consistent with 
        section 113(c) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 2323(c))'' and inserting 
        ``meeting State determined levels of performance for core 
        indicators, as defined by section 113(b)(3)(A) of the Carl D. 
        Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 
        2323(b)(3)(A)), and reported by States only in a manner 
        consistent with section 113(b)(3)(C) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 
        2323(b)(3)(C))''.
            (2) Section 6115(b)(6) of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7425(b)(6)) is amended by 
        striking ``tech-prep education, mentoring,'' and inserting 
        ``mentoring''.
            (3) Section 6304(a)(3)(K) of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7544(a)(3)(K)) is amended by 
        striking ``tech-prep,''.
SEC. 303. AMENDMENT TO THE WORKFORCE INNOVATION AND OPPORTUNITY 
                        ACT.

    Section 134(c)(2)(A)(vii) of the Workforce Innovation and 
Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3174(c)(2)(A)(vii)) is amended by striking 
``school dropouts'' and inserting ``out-of-school youth''.

    Approved July 31, 2018.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 2353 (S. 3217):
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

HOUSE REPORTS: No. 115-164 (Comm. on Education and the Workforce).
SENATE REPORTS: No. 115-434 (Comm. on Health, Education, Labor, and 
Pensions) accompanying S. 3217.
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
                                                        Vol. 163 (2017):
                                    June 22, considered and passed 
                                        House.
                                                        Vol. 164 (2018):
                                    July 23, considered and passed 
                                        Senate, amended.
                                    July 25, House concurred in Senate 
                                        amendment.

                                  <all>