Text: H.R.2593 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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Introduced in House (05/23/2017)


115th CONGRESS
1st Session
H. R. 2593


To authorize appropriations for the Federal Maritime Commission for fiscal years 2018 and 2019, and for other purposes.


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 23, 2017

Mr. Hunter (for himself, Mr. Garamendi, Mr. Shuster, and Mr. DeFazio) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure


A BILL

To authorize appropriations for the Federal Maritime Commission for fiscal years 2018 and 2019, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. Short title; table of contents.

(a) Short title.—This Act may be cited as the “Federal Maritime Commission Authorization Act of 2017”.

(b) Table of contents.—The table of contents for this Act is as follows:


Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 101. Authorization.

Sec. 102. Port services.

Sec. 103. Information.

Sec. 104. Ocean transportation intermediaries.

Sec. 105. Interrelated agreements.

Sec. 201. Fishing safety grants.

Sec. 202. Assistance for small shipyards.

Sec. 203. Treatment of fishing permits.

Sec. 204. Centers of excellence.

SEC. 101. Authorization.

Section 308 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by striking “$24,700,000 for each of fiscal years 2016 and 2017” and inserting “$28,012,310 for fiscal year 2018 and $28,544,543 for fiscal year 2019”.

SEC. 102. Port services.

(a) Definitions.—Section 40102 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

“(26) PORT SERVICES.—The term ‘port services’ means intermediary services provided to an ocean carrier at a United States port to facilitate vessels operated by such a carrier to operate and load and unload cargo at such port, including towage, cargo handling, and bunkering.”.

(b) Concerted action.—Section 41105 of title 46, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in paragraph (7) by striking “or” at the end;

(2) in paragraph (8) by striking the period at the end and inserting “; or”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

“(9) negotiate with a provider of port services on any matter relating to rates or services provided within the United States by such provider, unless advance notice is provided to the Federal Maritime Commission of the intent and need for the negotiation, the negotiation and any resulting agreement are not in violation of the antitrust laws and are consistent with the purposes of this part, and, as determined by the Commission, the negotiation and any resulting agreement will not substantially lessen competition in the purchasing of port services provided at United States ports (this paragraph does not prohibit the setting and publishing of a joint through rate by a conference, joint venture, or association of common carriers).”.

(c) Injunctive relief sought by the Commission.—Section 41307(b) of title 46, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in paragraph (1) by striking “produce an unreasonable reduction in transportation service or an unreasonable increase in transportation cost” and inserting “produce an unreasonable reduction in transportation service, produce an unreasonable increase in transportation cost, or substantially lessen competition in the purchasing of port services”; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

“(4) COMPETITION FACTORS.—In making a determination under this subsection, the Commission may consider any relevant competition factors in affected markets, including, without limitation, the competitive effect of agreements other than the agreement under review.”.

SEC. 103. Information.

(a) Reports filed with the Commission.—Section 40104(a) of title 46, United States Code, is amended—

(1) by inserting “, marine terminal operator, or ocean transportation intermediary,” after “common carrier”;

(2) by inserting “, operator, or intermediary,” after “employee of the carrier”; and

(3) by inserting “, operator, or intermediary” after “business of the carrier”.

(b) Commission action.—Section 40304 of title 46, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsection (a) by inserting “, and interested persons may submit relevant information and documents to the Commission” after “publication”; and

(2) in subsection (d) by striking “to make the determinations required by this section”.

SEC. 104. Ocean transportation intermediaries.

(a) License requirement.—Section 40901(a) of title 46, United States Code, is amended by inserting “advertise, hold oneself out, or” after “may not”.

(b) Financial responsibility.—Section 40902(a) of title 46, United States Code, is amended by inserting “advertise, hold oneself out, or” after “may not”.

(c) Common carriers.—Section 41104(11) of title 46, United States Code, is amended by striking “a tariff as required by section 40501 of this title and”.

SEC. 105. Interrelated agreements.

(a) Common carriers.—Section 41104 of title 46, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in paragraph (11) by striking “or” at the end;

(2) in paragraph (12) by striking the period at the end and inserting “; or”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

“(13) participate in a rate discussion agreement and a vessel sharing agreement, slot sharing agreement, space sharing agreement, or similar agreement for use of vessels by two or more ocean common carriers, unless the Commission has granted the parties an exemption pursuant to section 40103.”.

(b) Applicability.—Participants in an agreement in effect on the date of enactment of this Act and prohibited as a result of the amendment made in subsection (a) shall have 1 year from such date of enactment to—

(1) obtain an exemption from the application of section 41104(13) of title 46, United States Code, pursuant to section 40103 of such title; or

(2) withdraw from the agreement as necessary to comply with such section 41104(13).

SEC. 201. Fishing safety grants.

Section 4502 of title 46, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in subsections (i) and (j), by striking “Secretary” each place it appears and inserting “Secretary of Commerce”;

(2) in subsection (i)(3), by striking “75” and inserting “50”;

(3) in subsection (i)(4), by striking “$3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2015 through 2017” and inserting “$3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2019”;

(4) in subsection (j)(3), by striking “75” and inserting “50”; and

(5) in subsection (j)(4), by striking “$3,000,000 for each fiscal years 2015 through 2017” and inserting “$3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2019”.

SEC. 202. Assistance for small shipyards.

(a) In general.—Section 54101 of title 46, United States Code, is amended—

(1) in the section heading, by striking “and maritime communities”;

(2) in subsection (a)(2), by striking “in communities” and all that follows through the period and inserting “relating to shipbuilding, ship repair, and associated industries.”;

(3) in subsection (b), by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:

“(1) consider projects that foster—

“(A) efficiency, competitive operations, and quality ship construction, repair, and reconfiguration; and

“(B) employee skills and enhanced productivity related to shipbuilding, ship repair, and associated industries; and”;

(4) in subsection (c)(1)—

(A) by inserting “to” after “may be used”; and

(B) by striking subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) and inserting the following:

“(A) make capital and related improvements in small shipyards; and

“(B) provide training for workers in shipbuilding, ship repair, and associated industries.”;

(5) in subsection (d), by striking “unless” and all that follows before the period;

(6) in subsection (e)—

(A) by striking paragraph (2);

(B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and

(C) in paragraph (1) by striking “Except as provided in paragraph (2),”; and

(7) in subsection (i), by striking “2015” and all that follows before the period and inserting “2018 and 2019 to carry out this section $30,000,000”.

(b) Clerical amendment.—The analysis for chapter 541 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 54101 and inserting the following:


“54101. Assistance for small shipyards.”.

SEC. 203. Treatment of fishing permits.

(a) In general.—Subchapter I of chapter 313 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

§ 31310. Treatment of fishing permits

“(a) Limitation on maritime liens.—This chapter—

“(1) does not establish a maritime lien on a fishing permit; and

“(2) does not authorize any civil action to enforce a maritime lien on a fishing permit.

“(b) Treatment of fishing permits under State and Federal law.—A fishing permit—

“(1) is governed solely by the State or Federal law under which it is issued; and

“(2) shall not be treated as part of a vessel, or as an appurtenance or intangible of a vessel, for any purpose under Federal law.

“(c) Authority of Secretary of Commerce not affected.—Nothing in this section shall be construed as imposing any limitation upon the authority of the Secretary of Commerce—

“(1) to modify, suspend, revoke, or impose a sanction on any fishing permit issued by the Secretary of Commerce; or

“(2) to bring a civil action to enforce such a modification, suspension, revocation, or sanction.

“(d) Fishing permit defined.—In this section the term ‘fishing permit’ means any authorization of a person or vessel to engage in fishing that is issued under State or Federal law.”.

(b) Clerical amendment.—The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 31309 the following:


“31310. Treatment of fishing permits.”.

SEC. 204. Centers of excellence.

(a) In general.—Chapter 541 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

§ 54102. Centers of excellence for domestic maritime work force training and education

“(a) Designation.—The Secretary of Transportation may designate as a center of excellence for domestic maritime work force training and education a covered training entity located in a State that borders on the—

“(1) Gulf of Mexico;

“(2) Atlantic Ocean;

“(3) Long Island Sound;

“(4) Pacific Ocean;

“(5) Great Lakes; or

“(6) Mississippi River System.

“(b) Assistance.—The Secretary may enter into a cooperative agreement (as that term is used in section 6305 of title 31) with a center of excellence designated under subsection (a) to support maritime workforce training and education at the center of excellence, including efforts of the center of excellence to—

“(1) admit additional students;

“(2) recruit and train faculty;

“(3) expand facilities;

“(4) create new maritime career pathways; or

“(5) award students credit for prior experience, including military service.

“(c) Covered training entity defined.—In this section, the term ‘covered training entity’ means an entity that is—

“(1) a community or technical college; or

“(2) a maritime training center—

“(A) operated by, or under the supervision of, a State; and

“(B) with a maritime training program in operation on the date of enactment of this section.”.

(b) Clerical amendment.—The analysis for chapter 541 of title 46, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 54101 the following:


“54102. Centers of excellence for domestic maritime work force training and education.”.