Text: H.R.2810 — 115th Congress (2017-2018)All Information (Except Text)

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[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 2810 Enrolled Bill (ENR)]

        H.R.2810

                     One Hundred Fifteenth Congress

                                 of the

                        United States of America


                          AT THE FIRST SESSION

          Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
          the third day of January, two thousand and seventeen


                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2018 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
         strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
        (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
        (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
        (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
    Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
        (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority to expedite procurement of 7.62mm rifles.
Sec. 112. Limitation on availability of funds for Increment 2 of the 
          Warfighter Information Network-Tactical program.
Sec. 113. Limitation on availability of funds for upgrade of M113 
          vehicles.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Aircraft carriers.
Sec. 122. Icebreaker vessel.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
          destroyers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
          program.
Sec. 125. Design and construction of the lead ship of the amphibious 
          ship replacement designated LX(R) or amphibious transport dock 
          designated LPD-30.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
Sec. 127. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
          contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for the enhanced multi-
          mission parachute system.
Sec. 129. Report on Navy capacity to increase production of certain 
          rotary wing aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Inventory requirement for Air Force fighter aircraft.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
          JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 133. Requirement for continuation of JSTARS aircraft 
          recapitalization program.
Sec. 134. Limitation on selection of single contractor for C-130H 
          avionics modernization program increment 2.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for EC-130H Compass Call 
          recapitalization program.
Sec. 136. Limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 137. Cost-benefit analysis of upgrades to MQ-9 Reaper aircraft.
Sec. 138. Plan for modernization of the radar for F-16 fighter aircraft 
          of the National Guard.
Sec. 139. Comptroller General review of Air Force fielding plan for HH-
          60 replacement programs.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. F-35 economic order quantity contracting authority.
Sec. 142. Authority for explosive ordnance disposal units to acquire new 
          or emerging technologies and capabilities.
Sec. 143.  Requirement that certain aircraft and unmanned aerial 
          vehicles use specified standard data link.
Sec. 144. Reinstatement of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft; 
          mobility capability and requirements study.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Cost controls for presidential aircraft recapitalization 
          program.
Sec. 212. Capital investment authority.
Sec. 213. Prizes for advanced technology achievements.
Sec. 214. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 215. Department of Defense directed energy weapon system 
          prototyping and demonstration program.
Sec. 216. Appropriate use of authority for prototype projects.
Sec. 217. Mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and 
          expertise at academic institutions to support Department of 
          Defense missions.
Sec. 218. Modification of laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 219. Reauthorization of Department of Defense Established Program 
          to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 220. Codification and enhancement of authorities to provide funds 
          for defense laboratories for research and development of 
          technologies for military missions.
Sec. 221. Expansion of definition of competitive procedures to include 
          competitive selection for award of science and technology 
          proposals.
Sec. 222. Inclusion of modeling and simulation in test and evaluation 
          activities for purposes of planning and budget certification.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 Joint Strike 
          Fighter Follow-On Modernization.
Sec. 224. Improvement of update process for populating mission data 
          files used in advanced combat aircraft.
Sec. 225. Support for national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
          education.
Sec. 226. Limitation on cancellation of designation Executive Agent for 
          a certain Defense Production Act program.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Columbia-class program accountability matrices.
Sec. 232. Review of barriers to innovation in research and engineering 
          activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Pilot program to improve incentives for technology transfer 
          from Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 234. Competitive acquisition plan for low probability of detection 
          data link networks.
Sec. 235. Clarification of selection dates for pilot program for the 
          enhancement of the research, development, test, and evaluation 
          centers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 236. Requirement for a plan to build a prototype for a new ground 
          combat vehicle for the Army.
Sec. 237. Plan for successfully fielding the Integrated Air and Missile 
          Defense Battle Command System.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
          Clearinghouse.
Sec. 312. Energy performance goals and master plan.
Sec. 313. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
          penalty in connection with Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon.
Sec. 314. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
          penalty in connection with Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, 
          Texas.
Sec. 315. Department of the Army cleanup and removal of petroleum, oil, 
          and lubricant associated with the Prinz Eugen.
Sec. 316. Centers for Disease Control study on health implications of 
          per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking 
          water.
Sec. 317. Sentinel Landscapes Partnership.
Sec. 318. Report on release of radium or radioactive material into the 
          groundwater near the industrial reserve plant in Bethpage, New 
          York.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration project.
Sec. 322. Increased percentage of sustainment funds authorized for 
          realignment to restoration and modernization at each 
          installation.
Sec. 323. Guidance regarding use of organic industrial base.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Quarterly reports on personnel and unit readiness.
Sec. 332. Biennial report on core depot-level maintenance and repair 
          capability.
Sec. 333. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment needs of 
          non-federalized National Guard.
Sec. 334. Annual report on military working dogs used by the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 335. Report on effects of climate change on Department of Defense.
Sec. 336. Report on optimization of training in and management of 
          special use airspace.
Sec. 337. Plan for modernized, dedicated Department of the Navy 
          adversary air training enterprise.
Sec. 338. Updated guidance regarding biennial core report.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Explosive safety board.
Sec. 342. Servicewomen's commemorative partnerships.
Sec. 343. Limitation on availability of funds for advanced skills 
          management software system of the Navy.
Sec. 344. Cost-benefit analysis of uniform specifications for Afghan 
          military or security forces.
Sec. 345. Temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, 
          depots, and plants.
Sec. 346. Comprehensive plan for sharing depot-level maintenance best 
          practices.
Sec. 347. Pilot program for operation and maintenance budget 
          presentation.
Sec. 348. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 349. Department of the Navy marksmanship awards.
Sec. 350. Civilian training for National Guard pilots and sensor 
          operator aircrews of MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicles.
Sec. 351. Training for National Guard personnel on wildfire response.
Sec. 352. Modification of the Second Division Memorial.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2018 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Number of members of the National Guard on full-time duty in 
          support of the reserves within the National Guard Bureau.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Modification of deadline for submittal by officers of written 
          communications to promotion selection boards on matters of 
          importance to their selection.
Sec. 502. Clarification to exception for removal of officers from list 
          of officers recommended for promotion after 18 months without 
          appointment.
Sec. 503. Modification of requirement for specification of number of 
          officers who may be recommended for early retirement by a 
          Selective Early Retirement Board.
Sec. 504. Extension of service-in-grade waiver authority for voluntary 
          retirement of certain general and flag officers for purposes 
          of enhanced flexibility in officer personnel management.
Sec. 505. Inclusion of Principal Military Deputy to the Assistant 
          Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and 
          Logistics among officers subject to repeal of statutory 
          specification of general officer grade.
Sec. 506. Clarification of effect of repeal of statutory specification 
          of general or flag officer grade for various positions in the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 507. Standardization of authorities in connection with repeal of 
          statutory specification of general officer grade for the Dean 
          of the Academic Board of the United States Military Academy 
          and the Dean of the Faculty of the United States Air Force 
          Academy.
Sec. 508. Flexibility in promotion of officers to positions of Staff 
          Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps and 
          Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy or Air Force.
Sec. 509. Grandfathering of retired grade of Assistant Judge Advocates 
          General of the Navy as of repeal of statutory specification of 
          general and flag officers grades in the Armed Forces.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Equal treatment of orders to serve on active duty under 
          sections 12304a and 12304b of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 512. Service credit for cyberspace experience or advanced education 
          upon original appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 513. Consolidation of authorities to order members of the reserve 
          components of the Armed Forces to perform duty.
Sec. 514. Pilot program on use of retired senior enlisted members of the 
          Army National Guard as Army National Guard recruiters.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Part I--Matters Relating to Discharge and Correction of Military Records

Sec. 520. Consideration of additional medical evidence by Boards for the 
          Correction of Military Records and liberal consideration of 
          evidence relating to post-traumatic stress disorder or 
          traumatic brain injury.
Sec. 521. Public availability of information related to disposition of 
          claims regarding discharge or release of members of the Armed 
          Forces when the claims involve sexual assault.
Sec. 522. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
          of members who are victims of sex-related offenses.
Sec. 523. Training requirements for members of boards for the correction 
          of military records and personnel who investigate claims of 
          retaliation.
Sec. 524. Pilot program on use of video teleconferencing technology by 
          boards for the correction of military records and discharge 
          review boards.

               Part II--Other General Service Authorities

Sec. 526. Modification of basis for extension of period for enlistment 
          in the Armed Forces under the Delayed Entry Program.
Sec. 527. Reauthorization of authority to order retired members to 
          active duty in high-demand, low-density assignments.
Sec. 528. Notification of members of the Armed Forces undergoing certain 
          administrative separations of potential eligibility for 
          veterans benefits.
Sec. 529. Extension of authority of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
          provide for the conduct of medical disability examinations by 
          contract physicians.
Sec. 530. Provision of information on naturalization through military 
          service.

           Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues

Sec. 531. Clarifying amendments related to the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice reform by the Military Justice Act of 2016.
Sec. 532. Enhancement of effective prosecution and defense in courts-
          martial and related matters.
Sec. 533. Punitive article under the Uniform Code of Military Justice on 
          wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual images 
          or visual images of sexually explicit conduct.
Sec. 534. Garnishment to satisfy judgment rendered for physically, 
          sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
Sec. 535. Sexual assault prevention and response training for all 
          individuals enlisted in the Armed Forces under a delayed entry 
          program.
Sec. 536. Special Victims' Counsel training regarding the unique 
          challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.
Sec. 537. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
          military sexual harassment and incidents involving 
          nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images.
Sec. 538. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
          sexual assaults committed by a member of the Armed Forces 
          against the member's spouse or other family member.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 541. Element in preseparation counseling for members of the Armed 
          Forces on assistance and support services for caregivers of 
          certain veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 542. Improved employment assistance for members of the Army, Navy, 
          Air Force, and Marine Corps and veterans.
Sec. 543. Limitation on release of military service academy graduates to 
          participate in professional athletics.
Sec. 544. Two-year extension of suicide prevention and resilience 
          program for the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 545. Annual certifications related to Ready, Relevant Learning 
          initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 546. Authority to expand eligibility for the United States Military 
          Apprenticeship Program.
Sec. 547. Limitation on availability of funds for attendance of Air 
          Force enlisted personnel at Air Force officer professional 
          military education in-residence courses.
Sec. 548. Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership Scholarships.
Sec. 549. Pilot programs on appointment in the excepted service in the 
          Department of Defense of physically disqualified former cadets 
          and midshipmen.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

              Part I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 551. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 552. Transitions of military dependent students from Department of 
          Defense dependent schools to other schools and among schools 
          of local educational agencies.
Sec. 553. Report on educational opportunities in science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics for children who are dependents 
          of members of the Armed Forces.

               Part II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 555. Codification of authority to conduct family support programs 
          for immediate family members of members of the Armed Forces 
          assigned to special operations forces.
Sec. 556. Reimbursement for State licensure and certification costs of a 
          spouse of a member of the Armed Forces arising from relocation 
          to another State.
Sec. 557. Temporary extension of extended period of protections for 
          members of uniformed services relating to mortgages, mortgage 
          foreclosure, and eviction.
Sec. 558. Enhancing military childcare programs and activities of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 559. Direct hire authority for Department of Defense for childcare 
          services providers for Department child development centers.
Sec. 560. Pilot program on public-private partnerships for telework 
          facilities for military spouses on military installations 
          outside the United States.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Garlin M. 
          Conner for acts of valor during World War II.
Sec. 562. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
          Specialist Frank M. Crary for acts of valor in Vietnam.

            Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

Sec. 571. Analysis and report on accompanied and unaccompanied tours of 
          duty in remote locations with high family support costs.
Sec. 572. Review and reports on policies for regular and reserve officer 
          career management.
Sec. 573. Review and report on effects of personnel requirements and 
          limitations on the availability of members of the National 
          Guard for the performance of funeral honors duty for veterans.
Sec. 574. Review and report on authorities for the employment, use, and 
          status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.
Sec. 575. Assessment and report on expanding and contracting for 
          childcare services of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 576. Review and report on compensation provided childcare services 
          providers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. Comptroller General of the United States assessment and report 
          on the Office of Complex Investigations within the National 
          Guard Bureau.
Sec. 578. Modification of submittal date of Comptroller General of the 
          United States report on integrity of the Department of Defense 
          whistleblower program.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 581. Expansion of United States Air Force Institute of Technology 
          enrollment authority to include civilian employees of the 
          homeland security industry.
Sec. 582. Conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps 
          as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 583. Designation of office within Office of the Secretary of 
          Defense to oversee use of food assistance programs by members 
          of the Armed Forces on active duty.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of basic monthly pay.
Sec. 602. Prohibiting collection of additional amounts from members 
          living in units under Military Housing Privatization 
          Initiative.
Sec. 603. Limitation on modification of payment authority for Military 
          Housing Privatization Initiative housing.
Sec. 604. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, and 
          their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a permanent 
          change of station within the United States.
Sec. 605. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 606. Reevaluation of BAH for the military housing area including 
          Staten Island.

            Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Report regarding the national pilot shortage.
Sec. 617. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities for 
          enlisted members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 618. Technical and conforming amendments relating to 2008 
          consolidation of special pay authorities.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Permanent extension and cost-of-living adjustments of special 
          survivor indemnity allowances under the Survivor Benefit Plan.
Sec. 622. Adjustments to Survivor Benefit Plan for members electing lump 
          sum payments of retired pay under the modernized retirement 
          system for members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 623. Technical correction regarding election to participate in 
          modernized retirement system for reserve component members 
          experiencing a break in service.
Sec. 624. Technical corrections to use of member's current pay grade and 
          years of service in a division of property involving 
          disposable retired pay.
Sec. 625. Continuation pay for the Coast Guard.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 631. Land conveyance authority, Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
          property, Dallas, Texas.
Sec. 632. Authority for the Secretaries of the military departments to 
          provide for care of remains of those who die on active duty 
          and are interred in a foreign cemetery.
Sec. 633. Construction of domestic source requirement for footwear 
          furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces on initial 
          entry into the Armed Forces.
Sec. 634. Review and update of regulations governing debt collectors 
          interactions with unit commanders of members of the Armed 
          Forces.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Continued access to medical care at facilities of the 
          uniformed services for certain members of the reserve 
          components.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing requirements for the TRICARE 
          Pharmacy Benefits Program and treatment of certain 
          pharmaceutical agents.
Sec. 703. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 704. Specification that individuals under the age of 21 are 
          eligible for hospice care services under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Physical examinations for members of a reserve component who 
          are separating from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 706. Mental health assessments before members separate from the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 707. Expansion of sexual trauma counseling and treatment for 
          members of the reserve components.
Sec. 708. Expedited evaluation and treatment for prenatal surgery under 
          the TRICARE program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Maintenance of inpatient capabilities of military medical 
          treatment facilities located outside the United States.
Sec. 712. Modification of priority for evaluation and treatment of 
          individuals at military treatment facilities.
Sec. 713. Clarification of administration of military medical treatment 
          facilities.
Sec. 714. Regular update of prescription drug pricing standard under 
          TRICARE retail pharmacy program.
Sec. 715. Modification of execution of TRICARE contracting 
          responsibilities.
Sec. 716. Additional emergency uses for medical products to reduce 
          deaths and severity of injuries caused by agents of war.
Sec. 717. Modification of determination of average wait times at urgent 
          care clinics and pharmacies at military medical treatment 
          facilities under pilot program.
Sec. 718. Requirement for reimbursement by Department of Defense to 
          entities carrying out State vaccination programs for costs of 
          vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries.
Sec. 719. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 720. Residency requirements for podiatrists.
Sec. 721. Authorization of physical therapist assistants and 
          occupational therapy assistants to provide services under the 
          TRICARE program.
Sec. 722. Selection of military commanders and directors of military 
          medical treatment facilities.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Pilot program on health care assistance system.
Sec. 732. Feasibility study on conduct of pilot program on mental health 
          readiness of part-time members of the reserve components of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 733. Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related services 
          for children of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 734. Longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 735. Study on safe opioid prescribing practices.
Sec. 736. Report on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 737. Declassification by Department of Defense of certain incidents 
          of exposure of members of the Armed Forces to toxic 
          substances.
Sec. 738. Coordination by Veterans Health Administration of efforts to 
          understand effects of burn pits.
Sec. 739. TRICARE technical amendments.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Statements of purpose for Department of Defense acquisition.
Sec. 802. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 803. Performance of incurred cost audits.
Sec. 804. Repeal of certain auditing requirements.
Sec. 805. Increased simplified acquisition threshold.
Sec. 806. Requirements related to the micro-purchase threshold.
Sec. 807. Process for enhanced supply chain scrutiny.
Sec. 808. Defense policy advisory committee on technology.
Sec. 809. Report on extension of development, acquisition, and 
          sustainment authorities of the military departments to the 
          United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 810. Technical and conforming amendments related to program 
          management provisions.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Modifications to cost or pricing data and reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data certification 
          requirements.
Sec. 813. Sunset of certain provisions relating to the procurement of 
          goods other than United States goods.
Sec. 814. Comptroller General report on health and safety records.
Sec. 815. Limitation on unilateral definitization.
Sec. 816. Amendment to sustainment reviews.
Sec. 817. Use of program income by eligible entities that carry out 
          procurement technical assistance programs.
Sec. 818. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 819. Amendments relating to information technology.
Sec. 820. Change to definition of subcontract in certain circumstances.
Sec. 821. Amendment relating to applicability of inflation adjustments.
Sec. 822. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
          process.
Sec. 823. Exemption from design-build selection procedures.
Sec. 824. Contract closeout authority.
Sec. 825. Elimination of cost underruns as factor in calculation of 
          penalties for cost overruns.
Sec. 826. Modification to annual meeting requirement of Configuration 
          Steering Boards.
Sec. 827. Pilot program on payment of costs for denied Government 
          Accountability Office bid protests.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 832. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
          source selection process for major defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 833. Role of the Chief of the armed force in material development 
          decision and acquisition system milestones.
Sec. 834. Requirement to emphasize reliability and maintainability in 
          weapon system design.
Sec. 835. Licensing of appropriate intellectual property to support 
          major weapon systems.
Sec. 836. Codification of requirements pertaining to assessment, 
          management, and control of operating and support costs for 
          major weapon systems.
Sec. 837. Should-cost management.
Sec. 838. Improvements to test and evaluation processes and tools.
Sec. 839. Enhancements to transparency in test and evaluation processes 
          and data.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Enhancements to the civilian program management workforce.
Sec. 842. Credits to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund.
Sec. 843. Improvements to the hiring and training of the acquisition 
          workforce.
Sec. 844. Extension and modifications to acquisition demonstration 
          project.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 846. Procurement through commercial e-commerce portals.
Sec. 847. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 848. Commercial item determinations.
Sec. 849. Review of regulations on commercial items.
Sec. 850. Training in commercial items procurement.

         Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting

Sec. 851. Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.
Sec. 852. Standard guidelines for evaluation of requirements for 
          services contracts.
Sec. 853. Report on outcome-based services contracts.
Sec. 854. Pilot program for longer term multiyear service contracts.

   Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
                               Prototyping

Sec. 861. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
          additional prototype units.
Sec. 862. Methods for entering into research agreements.
Sec. 863. Education and training for transactions other than contracts 
          and grants.
Sec. 864. Other transaction authority for certain prototype projects.
Sec. 865. Amendment to nontraditional and small contractor innovation 
          prototyping program.
Sec. 866. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototype and rapid 
          fielding.
Sec. 867. Preference for use of other transactions and experimental 
          authority.
Sec. 868. Prototype projects to digitize defense acquisition 
          regulations, policies, and guidance, and empower user 
          tailoring of acquisition process.

         Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition

Sec. 871. Noncommercial computer software acquisition considerations.
Sec. 872. Defense Innovation Board analysis of software acquisition 
          regulations.
Sec. 873. Pilot program to use agile or iterative development methods to 
          tailor major software-intensive warfighting systems and 
          defense business systems.
Sec. 874. Software development pilot program using agile best practices.
Sec. 875. Pilot program for open source software.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Extension of maximum duration of fuel storage contracts.
Sec. 882. Procurement of aviation critical safety items.
Sec. 883. Modifications to the advisory panel on streamlining and 
          codifying acquisition regulations.
Sec. 884. Repeal of expired pilot program for leasing commercial utility 
          cargo vehicles.
Sec. 885. Exception for business operations from requirement to accept 
          $1 coins.
Sec. 886. Development of Procurement Administrative Lead Time.
Sec. 887. Notional milestones and standard timelines for contracts for 
          foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Assessment and authority to terminate or prohibit contracts 
          for procurement from Chinese companies providing support to 
          the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Sec. 889. Report on defense contracting fraud.
Sec. 890. Comptroller General report on contractor business system 
          requirements.
Sec. 891. Training on agile or iterative development methods.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Treatment of incumbent Under Secretary of Defense for 
          Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
Sec. 902. Clarification of authority of Under Secretary of Defense for 
          Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to service 
          acquisition programs for which the service acquisition 
          executive is the milestone decision authority.
Sec. 903. Executive Schedule matters relating to Under Secretary of 
          Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
Sec. 904. Consistent period of relief from active duty as a commissioned 
          officer of a regular component of the Armed Forces for 
          appointment to Under Secretary of Defense positions.
Sec. 905. Qualifications for appointment and additional duties and 
          powers of certain officials within the Office of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
Sec. 906. Redesignation of Principal Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense 
          as Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense and related matters.
Sec. 907. Reduction of number and elimination of specific designations 
          of Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
Sec. 908. Limitation on maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries 
          of Defense.
Sec. 909. Appointment and responsibilities of Chief Information Officer 
          of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 910. Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

                Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics

Sec. 911. Policy on treatment of defense business system data related to 
          business operations and management.
Sec. 912. Transparency of defense management data.
Sec. 913. Establishment of set of activities that use data analysis, 
          measurement, and other evaluation-related methods to improve 
          acquisition program outcomes.

  Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
                                Elements

Sec. 921. Qualifications for appointment of Assistant Secretaries of the 
          military departments for financial management.
Sec. 922. Manner of carrying out reductions in major Department of 
          Defense headquarters activities pursuant to headquarters 
          reduction plan.
Sec. 923. Certifications on cost savings achieved by reductions in major 
          Department of Defense headquarters activities.
Sec. 924. Corrosion control and prevention executives matters.
Sec. 925. Background and security investigations for Department of 
          Defense personnel.

            Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

Sec. 931. Additional elements in reports on policy, organization, and 
          management goals of the Secretary of Defense for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. Report and sense of Congress on responsibility for 
          developmental test and evaluation within the Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 933. Report on Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
          States.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Consolidation, codification, and improvement of certain 
          authorities and requirements in connection with the audit of 
          the financial statements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1003. Improper payment matters.
Sec. 1004. Rankings of auditability of financial statements of the 
          organizations and elements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Financial operations dashboard for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1006. Review and recommendations on efforts to obtain audit opinion 
          on full financial statements.
Sec. 1007. Notification requirement for certain contracts for audit 
          services.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support a unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Venue for prosecution of maritime drug trafficking.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1022. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for multiyear 
          procurement of certain critical components.
Sec. 1023. Operational readiness of littoral combat ships on extended 
          deployment.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Policy of the United States on minimum number of battle force 
          ships.
Sec. 1026. Surveying ships.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority on support of special operations to 
          combat terrorism.
Sec. 1032. Termination of requirement to submit annual budget 
          justification display for Department of Defense combating 
          terrorism program.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds to close or relinquish control of 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Sense of Congress regarding providing for timely victim and 
          family testimony in military commission trials.
Sec. 1038. Report on public availability of military commissions 
          proceedings.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Limitation on expenditure of funds for emergency and 
          extraordinary expenses for intelligence and counter-
          intelligence activities.
Sec. 1042. Matters relating to the submittal of future-years defense 
          programs.
Sec. 1043. Modifications to humanitarian demining assistance 
          authorities.
Sec. 1044. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
          traveling through channel routes.
Sec. 1045. Prohibition on lobbying activities with respect to the 
          Department of Defense by certain officers of the Armed Forces 
          and civilian employees of the Department following separation 
          from military service or employment with the Department.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy maritime 
          mine countermeasures platforms.
Sec. 1047. Report on western Pacific Ocean ship depot maintenance 
          capability and capacity.
Sec. 1048. Annual training regarding the influence campaign of the 
          Russian Federation.
Sec. 1049. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1051. Elimination of reporting requirements terminated after 
          November 25, 2017, pursuant to section 1080 of the National 
          Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
Sec. 1052. Report on transfer of defense articles to units committing 
          gross violations of human rights.
Sec. 1053. Report on the National Biodefense Analysis and 
          Countermeasures Center.
Sec. 1054. Report on Department of Defense Arctic capability and 
          resource gaps and required infrastructure.
Sec. 1055. Review and assessment of Department of Defense personnel 
          recovery and nonconventional assisted recovery mechanisms.
Sec. 1056. Mine warfare readiness inspection plan and report.
Sec. 1057. Annual report on civilian casualties in connection with 
          United States military operations.
Sec. 1058. Report on Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex modernization.
Sec. 1059. Report on alternatives to aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 1060. Assessment of global force posture.
Sec. 1061. Army modernization strategy.
Sec. 1062. Report on Army plan to improve operational unit readiness by 
          reducing number of non-deployable soldiers assigned to 
          operational units.
Sec. 1063. Efforts to combat physiological episodes on certain Navy 
          aircraft.
Sec. 1064. Studies on aircraft inventories for the Air Force.
Sec. 1065. Department of Defense review of Navy capabilities in the 
          Arctic region.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of maritime intelligence, surveillance, 
          reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities.
Sec. 1067. Report on the need for a Joint Chemical-Biological Defense 
          Logistics Center.
Sec. 1068. Missile Technology Control Regime Category I unmanned aerial 
          vehicle systems.
Sec. 1069. Recommendations for interagency vetting of foreign 
          investments affecting national security.
Sec. 1070. Briefing on prior attempted Russian cyber attacks against 
          defense systems.
Sec. 1071. Enhanced analytical and monitoring capability of the defense 
          industrial base.
Sec. 1072. Report on defense of combat logistics and strategic mobility 
          forces.
Sec. 1073. Report on acquisition strategy to recapitalize the existing 
          system for undersea fixed surveillance.
Sec. 1074. Report on implementation of requirements in connection with 
          the organization of the Department of Defense for management 
          of special operations forces and special operations.
Sec. 1075. Report on the global food system and vulnerabilities relevant 
          to Department of Defense missions.

              Subtitle G--Modernizing Government Technology

Sec. 1076. Definitions.
Sec. 1077. Establishment of agency information technology systems 
          modernization and working capital funds.
Sec. 1078. Establishment of technology modernization fund and board.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Clarification of applicability of certain provisions of law 
          to civilian judges of the United States Court of Military 
          Commission Review.
Sec. 1083. Modification of requirement relating to conversion of certain 
          military technician (dual status) positions to civilian 
          positions.
Sec. 1084. National Guard accessibility to Department of Defense issued 
          unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1085. Sense of Congress regarding aircraft carriers.
Sec. 1086. Sense of Congress recognizing the United States Navy Seabees.
Sec. 1087. Construction of memorial to the crew of the Apollo I launch 
          test accident at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1088. Department of Defense engagement with covered non-Federal 
          entities.
Sec. 1089. Prize competition to identify root cause of physiological 
          episodes on Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force training and 
          operational aircraft.
Sec. 1090. Providing assistance to House of Representatives in response 
          to cybersecurity events.
Sec. 1091. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
          of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1092. Collaboration between Federal Aviation Administration and 
          Department of Defense on unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 1093. Carriage of certain programming.
Sec. 1094. National strategy for countering violent extremism.
Sec. 1095. Sense of Congress regarding World War I.
Sec. 1096. Notice to Congress of terms of Department of Defense 
          settlement agreements.
Sec. 1097. Office of Special Counsel reauthorization.
Sec. 1098. Air transportation of civilian Department of Defense 
          personnel to and from Afghanistan.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Direct hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
          personnel to assist in business transformation and management 
          innovation.
Sec. 1102. Extension of direct hire authority for Domestic Defense 
          Industrial Base Facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities 
          Base.
Sec. 1103. Extension of authority to provide voluntary separation 
          incentive pay for civilian employees of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1104. Additional Department of Defense science and technology 
          reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 1105. One year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Direct hire authority for financial management experts in the 
          Department of Defense workforce.
Sec. 1107. Extension of authority for temporary personnel flexibilities 
          for Domestic Defense Industrial Base Facilities and Major 
          Range and Test Facilities Base civilian personnel.
Sec. 1108. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1109. Extension of overtime rate authority for Department of the 
          Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in support 
          of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in 
          Japan.
Sec. 1110. Pilot program on enhanced personnel management system for 
          cybsersecurity and legal professionals in the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1111. Establishment of senior scientific technical managers at 
          Major Range and Test Facility Base Facilities and Defense Test 
          Resource Management Center.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition forces 
          supporting certain United States military operations.
Sec. 1202. Support of special operations for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1203. Obligation of funds in Special Defense Acquisition Fund for 
          precision guided munitions.
Sec. 1204. Modification of defense institution capacity building and 
          authority to build capacity of foreign security forces.
Sec. 1205. Extension and modification of authority on training for 
          Eastern European national security forces in the course of 
          multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1206. Global Security Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1207. Defense Institute of International Legal Studies.
Sec. 1208. Extension of participation in and support of the Inter-
          American Defense College.
Sec. 1209. Plan on improvement of ability of national security forces of 
          foreign countries participating in United States capacity 
          building programs to protect civilians.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
          provide defense services to the military and security forces 
          of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1213. Special immigrant visas for Afghan allies.
Sec. 1214. Extension of authority to acquire products and services 
          produced in countries along a major route of supply to 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Extension of semiannual report on enhancing security and 
          stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Human rights vetting of Afghan National Defense and Security 
          Forces.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Report on United States strategy in Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to provide assistance to the vetted 
          Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1224. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
          and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1225. Modification and additional elements in annual report on the 
          military power of Iran.
Sec. 1226. Extension of quarterly reports on confirmed ballistic missile 
          launches from Iran and imposition of sanctions in connection 
          with those launches.
Sec. 1227. Limitation on use of funds for provision of man-portable air 
          defense systems to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1228. Report on agreement with the Government of the Russian 
          Federation on the status of Syria.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
          United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on European security.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1235. Limitation on availability of funds relating to 
          implementation of the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1236. Sense of Congress on importance of nuclear capabilities of 
          NATO.
Sec. 1237. Report on Security Cooperation with respect to Western Balkan 
          Countries.
Sec. 1238. Plan to respond in case of Russian noncompliance with the New 
          START Treaty.
Sec. 1239. Strategy to counter threats by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1239A. Strategy to counter the threat of malign influence by the 
          Russian Federation.

Subtitle E--Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty Preservation 
                               Act of 2017

Sec. 1241. Short title.
Sec. 1242. Findings.
Sec. 1243. Compliance enforcement regarding Russian violations of the 
          INF Treaty.
Sec. 1244. Notification requirement related to Russian Federation 
          development of noncompliant systems and United States actions 
          regarding material breach of INF Treaty by the Russian 
          Federation.
Sec. 1245. Review of RS-26 ballistic missile.
Sec. 1246. Definitions.

      Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Asia-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Sense of Congress and Initiative for the Indo-Asia-Pacific 
          region.
Sec. 1252. Report on strategy to prioritize United States defense 
          interests in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1253. Assessment of United States force posture and basing needs in 
          the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1254. Plan to enhance the extended deterrence and assurance 
          capabilities of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress reaffirming security commitments to the 
          Governments of Japan and South Korea and trilateral 
          cooperation between the United States, Japan, and South Korea.
Sec. 1256. Strategy on North Korea.
Sec. 1257. North Korean nuclear intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Sec. 1258. Advancements in defense cooperation between the United States 
          and India.
Sec. 1259. Strengthening the defense partnership between the United 
          States and Taiwan.
Sec. 1259A. Normalizing the transfer of defense articles and defense 
          services to Taiwan.
Sec. 1259B. Assessment on United States defense implications of China's 
          expanding global access.
Sec. 1259C. Agreement supplemental to Compact of Free Association with 
          Palau.
Sec. 1259D. Study on United States interests in the Freely Associated 
          States.

                           Subtitle G--Reports

Sec. 1261. Modification of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1262. Modifications to annual update of Department of Defense 
          Freedom of Navigation Operations report.
Sec. 1263. Report on strategy to defeat Al-Qaeda, the Taliban, the 
          Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and their associated 
          forces and co-belligerents.
Sec. 1264. Report on and notice of changes made to the legal and policy 
          frameworks for the United States' use of military force and 
          related national security operations.
Sec. 1265. Report on military action of Saudi Arabia and its coalition 
          partners in Yemen.
Sec. 1266. Submittal of Department of Defense Supplemental and Cost of 
          War Execution reports on quarterly basis.
Sec. 1267. Consolidation of reports on United States Armed Forces, 
          civilian employees, and contractors deployed in support of 
          Operation Inherent Resolve, Operation Freedom's Sentinel, and 
          associated and successor operations.
Sec. 1268. Comptroller General of the United States report on pricing 
          and availability with respect to foreign military sales.
Sec. 1269. Annual report on military and security developments involving 
          the Russian Federation.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Security and stability strategy for Somalia.
Sec. 1272. Global Theater Security Cooperation Management Information 
          System.
Sec. 1273. Future years plan for the European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1274. Extension of authority to enter into agreements with 
          participating countries in the American, British, Canadian, 
          and Australian Armies' Program.
Sec. 1275. United States military and diplomatic strategy for Yemen.
Sec. 1276. Transfer of excess high mobility multipurpose wheeled 
          vehicles to foreign countries.
Sec. 1277. Department of Defense program to protect United States 
          students against foreign agents.
Sec. 1278. Limitation and extension of United States-Israel anti-tunnel 
          cooperation authority.
Sec. 1279. Anticorruption strategy.
Sec. 1279A. Strategy to improve defense institutions and security sector 
          forces in Nigeria.
Sec. 1279B. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
          Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1279C. Cultural Heritage Protection Coordinator.
Sec. 1279D. Security assistance for Baltic nations for joint program for 
          interoperability and deterrence against aggression.
Sec. 1279E. Restriction on funding for the Preparatory Commission for 
          the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization.
Sec. 1279F. Clarification of authority to support border security 
          operations of certain foreign countries.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of Cooperative Threat Reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1406. National Defense Sealift Fund.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.
Sec. 1413. Armed Forces Retirement Home matters.
Sec. 1414. Authority to dispose of certain materials from and to acquire 
          additional materials for the National Defense Stockpile.
Sec. 1415. Acquisition reporting on major chemical demilitarization 
          programs of the Department of Defense.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
          appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health program.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

           Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1522. Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund.
Sec. 1523. Comptroller General report on feasibility of separation of 
          expenditures.
Sec. 1524. Guidelines for budget items to be covered by overseas 
          contingency operations accounts.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Space acquisition and management and oversight.
Sec. 1602. Codification, extension, and modification of limitation on 
          construction on United States territory of satellite 
          positioning ground monitoring stations of foreign governments.
Sec. 1603. Foreign commercial satellite services: cybersecurity threats 
          and launches.
Sec. 1604. Extension of pilot program on commercial weather data.
Sec. 1605. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle modernization and 
          sustainment of assured access to space.
Sec. 1606. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
          navigation, and timing capabilities of Global Positioning 
          System.
Sec. 1607. Enhancement of positioning, navigation, and timing capacity.
Sec. 1608. Commercial satellite communications pathfinder program.
Sec. 1609. Launch support and infrastructure modernization.
Sec. 1610. Limitation on availability of funding for Joint Space 
          Operations Center mission system.
Sec. 1611. Limitation on use of funds for Delta IV launch vehicle.
Sec. 1612. Air Force space contractor responsibility watch list.
Sec. 1613. Certification and briefing on operational and contingency 
          plans for loss or degradation of space capabilities.
Sec. 1614. Report on protected satellite communications.
Sec. 1615. Sense of Congress on establishment of Space Flag training 
          event.
Sec. 1616. Sense of Congress on coordinating efforts to prepare for 
          space weather events.
Sec. 1617. Sense of Congress on National Space Defense Center.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Security clearances for facilities of certain companies.
Sec. 1622. Extension of authority to engage in certain commercial 
          activities.
Sec. 1623. Submission of audits of commercial activity funds.
Sec. 1624. Clarification of annual briefing on the intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the combatant 
          commands.
Sec. 1625. Consideration of service by recipients of Boren scholarships 
          and fellowships in excepted service positions as service by 
          such recipients under career appointments for purposes of 
          career tenure.
Sec. 1626. Review of support provided by Defense intelligence elements 
          to acquisition activities of the Department.
Sec. 1627. Establishment of Chairman's controlled activity within Joint 
          Staff for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
Sec. 1628. Requirements relating to multi-use sensitive compartmented 
          information facilities.
Sec. 1629. Limitation on availability of funds for certain 
          counterintelligence activities.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

                      Part I--General Cyber Matters

Sec. 1631. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
          operations and cyber weapons.
Sec. 1632. Modification to quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 1633. Policy of the United States on cyberspace, cybersecurity, and 
          cyber warfare.
Sec. 1634. Prohibition on use of products and services developed or 
          provided by Kaspersky Lab.
Sec. 1635. Modification of authorities relating to establishment of 
          unified combatant command for cyber operations.
Sec. 1636. Modification of definition of acquisition workforce to 
          include personnel contributing to cybersecurity systems.
Sec. 1637. Integration of strategic information operations and cyber-
          enabled information operations.
Sec. 1638. Exercise on assessing cybersecurity support to election 
          systems of States.
Sec. 1639. Measurement of compliance with cybersecurity requirements for 
          industrial control systems.
Sec. 1640. Strategic Cybersecurity Program.
Sec. 1641. Plan to increase cyber and information operations, 
          deterrence, and defense.
Sec. 1642. Evaluation of agile or iterative development of cyber tools 
          and applications.
Sec. 1643. Assessment of defense critical electric infrastructure.
Sec. 1644. Cyber posture review.
Sec. 1645. Briefing on cyber capability and readiness shortfalls.
Sec. 1646. Briefing on cyber applications of blockchain technology.
Sec. 1647. Briefing on training infrastructure for cyber mission forces.
Sec. 1648. Report on termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander 
          of the United States Cyber Command.

                    Part II--Cybersecurity Education

Sec. 1649. Cyber Scholarship Program.
Sec. 1649A. Community college cyber pilot program and assessment.
Sec. 1649B. Federal Cyber Scholarship-for-Service program updates.
Sec. 1649C. Cybersecurity teaching.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1651. Annual assessment of cyber resiliency of nuclear command and 
          control system.
Sec. 1652. Collection, storage, and sharing of data relating to nuclear 
          security enterprise.
Sec. 1653. Notifications regarding dual-capable F-35A aircraft.
Sec. 1654. Oversight of delayed acquisition programs by Council on 
          Oversight of the National Leadership Command, Control, and 
          Communications System.
Sec. 1655. Establishment of Nuclear Command and Control Intelligence 
          Fusion Center.
Sec. 1656. Security of nuclear command, control, and communications 
          system from commercial dependencies.
Sec. 1657. Oversight of aerial-layer programs by Council on Oversight of 
          the National Leadership Command, Control, and Communications 
          System.
Sec. 1658. Security classification guide for programs relating to 
          nuclear command, control, and communications and nuclear 
          deterrence.
Sec. 1659. Evaluation and enhanced security of supply chain for nuclear 
          command, control, and communications and continuity of 
          government programs.
Sec. 1660. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
          ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1661. Presidential National Voice Conferencing System and Phoenix 
          Air-to-Ground Communications Network.
Sec. 1662. Limitation on pursuit of certain command and control concept.
Sec. 1663. Prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant of 
          ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1664. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1665. Modification to annual report on plan for the nuclear weapons 
          stockpile, nuclear weapons complex, nuclear weapons delivery 
          systems, and nuclear weapons command and control system.
Sec. 1666. Establishment of procedures for implementation of Nuclear 
          Enterprise Review.
Sec. 1667. Report on impacts of nuclear proliferation.
Sec. 1668. Certification that the Nuclear Posture Review addresses 
          deterrent effect and operation of United States nuclear forces 
          in current and future security environments.
Sec. 1669. Plan to manage Integrated Tactical Warning and Attack 
          Assessment System and multi-domain sensors.
Sec. 1670. Certification requirement with respect to strategic radiation 
          hardened trusted microelectronics.
Sec. 1671. Nuclear Posture Review.
Sec. 1672. Sense of Congress on importance of independent nuclear 
          deterrent of United Kingdom.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1676. Administration of missile defense and defeat programs.
Sec. 1677. Condition for proceeding beyond low-rate initial production.
Sec. 1678. Preservation of the ballistic missile defense capacity of the 
          Army.
Sec. 1679. Modernization of Army lower tier air and missile defense 
          sensor.
Sec. 1680. Defense of Hawaii from North Korean ballistic missile attack.
Sec. 1681. Designation of location of continental United States 
          interceptor site.
Sec. 1682. Aegis Ashore anti-air warfare capability.
Sec. 1683. Development of persistent space-based sensor architecture.
Sec. 1684. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          Cooperative Missile Defense Program co-development and co-
          production.
Sec. 1685. Boost phase ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1686. Ground-based interceptor capability, capacity, and 
          reliability.
Sec. 1687. Limitation on availability of funds for ground-based 
          midcourse defense element of the ballistic missile defense 
          system.
Sec. 1688. Plan for development of space-based ballistic missile 
          intercept layer.
Sec. 1689. Sense of Congress on the state of the missile defense of the 
          United States.
Sec. 1690.  Sense of Congress and report on ground-based midcourse 
          defense testing.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1691. Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States From 
          Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks and Similar Events.
Sec. 1692. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
          aircraft.
Sec. 1693. Conventional prompt global strike weapons system.
Sec. 1694. Business case analysis regarding ammonium perchlorate.
Sec. 1695. Report on industrial base for large solid rocket motors and 
          related technologies.
Sec. 1696. Pilot program on enhancing information sharing for security 
          of supply chain.
Sec. 1697. Pilot program on electromagnetic spectrum mapping.
Sec. 1698. Use of commercial items in Distributed Common Ground Systems.

   TITLE XVII--SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT AND INDUSTRIAL BASE MATTERS

Sec. 1701. Amendments to HUBZone provisions of the Small Business Act.
Sec. 1702. Uniformity in procurement terminology.
Sec. 1703. Improving reporting on small business goals.
Sec. 1704. Responsibilities of Business Opportunity Specialists.
Sec. 1705. Responsibilities of commercial market representatives.
Sec. 1706. Modification of past performance pilot program to include 
          consideration of past performance with allies of the United 
          States.
Sec. 1707. Notice of cost-free Federal procurement technical assistance 
          in connection with registration of small business concerns on 
          procurement websites of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1708. Inclusion of SBIR and STTR programs in technical assistance.
Sec. 1709. Requirements relating to competitive procedures and 
          justification for awards under the SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 1710. Pilot program for streamlined technology transition from the 
          SBIR and STTR programs of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1711. Pilot program on strengthening manufacturing in the defense 
          industrial base.
Sec. 1712. Review regarding applicability of foreign ownership, control, 
          or influence requirements of National Industrial Security 
          Program to national technology and industrial base companies.
Sec. 1713. Report on sourcing of tungsten and tungsten powders from 
          domestic producers.
Sec. 1714. Report on utilization of small business concerns for Federal 
          contracts.

            TITLE XVIII--GOVERNMENT PURCHASE AND TRAVEL CARDS

Sec. 1801. Short title.
Sec. 1802. Definitions.
Sec. 1803. Expanded use of data analytics.
Sec. 1804. Guidance on improving information sharing to curb improper 
          payments.
Sec. 1805. Interagency charge card data management group.
Sec. 1806. Reporting requirements.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2014 project.
Sec. 2106. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 project.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2014 
          project.
Sec. 2108. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
          projects.
Sec. 2109. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2000, 
          2005, 2006, and 2007 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authorizations for certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
          projects.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2017 projects.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
          projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy resiliency and conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2017 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
          projects.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2017 projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2015 project.
Sec. 2612. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2014 
          projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
          projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense base 
          closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

  Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Elimination of written notice requirement for military 
          construction activities and reliance on electronic submission 
          of notifications and reports.
Sec. 2802. Modification of thresholds applicable to unspecified minor 
          construction projects.
Sec. 2803. Annual locality adjustment of dollar thresholds applicable to 
          unspecified minor military construction authorities.
Sec. 2804. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
          and maintenance funds for construction projects outside the 
          United States.
Sec. 2805. Use of operation and maintenance funds for military 
          construction projects to replace facilities damaged or 
          destroyed by natural disasters or terrorism incidents.
Sec. 2806. Annual report on unfunded requirements for laboratory 
          military construction projects.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Elimination of written notice requirement for military real 
          property transactions and reliance on electronic submission of 
          notifications and reports.
Sec. 2812. Certification related to certain acquisitions or leases of 
          real property.
Sec. 2813. Increased term limit for intergovernmental support agreements 
          to provide installation support services.
Sec. 2814. Authorizing reimbursement of States for costs of suppressing 
          wildfires caused by Department of Defense activities on State 
          lands; restoration of lands of other Federal agencies for 
          damage caused by Department of Defense vehicle mishaps.
Sec. 2815. Criteria for exchanges of property at military installations.
Sec. 2816. Land exchange valuation of property with reduced development 
          that limits encroachment on military installations.
Sec. 2817. Requirements for window fall prevention devices in military 
          family housing.
Sec. 2818. Prohibiting use of updated assessment of public schools on 
          Department of Defense installations to supersede funding of 
          certain projects.
Sec. 2819. Access to military installations by transportation network 
          companies.

          Subtitle C--Project Management and Oversight Reforms

Sec. 2821. Notification requirement for certain cost increases.
Sec. 2822. Annual report on schedule delays.
Sec. 2823. Report on design errors and omissions related to Fort Bliss 
          hospital replacement project.
Sec. 2824. Report on cost increase and delay related to USSTRATCOM 
          command and control facility project at Offutt Air Force Base.

                      Subtitle D--Energy Resilience

Sec. 2831. Energy resilience.
Sec. 2832. Authority to use energy cost savings for energy resilience, 
          mission assurance, and weather damage repair and prevention 
          measures.
Sec. 2833. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
          awarding energy and fuel contracts for military installations.
Sec. 2834. Requirement to address energy resilience in exercising 
          utility system conveyance authority.
Sec. 2835. In-kind lease payments; prioritization of utility services 
          that promote energy resilience.
Sec. 2836. Annual Department of Defense energy management reports.
Sec. 2837. Aggregation of energy efficiency and energy resilience 
          projects in life cycle cost analyses.

                      Subtitle E--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land exchange, Naval Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant, 
          Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2842. Land conveyance, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho.
Sec. 2843. Lease of real property to the United States Naval Academy 
          Alumni Association and Naval Academy Foundation at United 
          States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland.
Sec. 2844. Land Conveyance, Natick Soldier Systems Center, 
          Massachusetts.
Sec. 2845. Land exchange, Naval Air Station Corpus Christi, Texas.
Sec. 2846. Imposition of additional conditions on future use of Castner 
          Range, Fort Bliss, Texas.
Sec. 2847. Land conveyance, former missile alert facility known as 
          Quebec-01, Laramie County, Wyoming.

         Subtitle F--Military Memorials, Monuments, and Museums

Sec. 2861. Recognition of the National Museum of World War II Aviation.
Sec. 2862. Principal office of Aviation Hall of Fame.
Sec. 2863. Establishment of a visitor services facility on the Arlington 
          Ridge tract.
Sec. 2864. Modification of prohibition on transfer of veterans memorial 
          objects to foreign governments without specific authorization 
          in law.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 2871. Authority of the Secretary of the Air Force to accept lessee 
          improvements at Air Force Plant 42.
Sec. 2872. Modification of Department of Defense guidance on use of 
          airfield pavement markings.
Sec. 2873. Authority of Chief Operating Officer of Armed Forces 
          Retirement Home to acquire and lease property.
Sec. 2874. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
          Backscatter Radar Station.
Sec. 2875. Permitting machine room-less elevators in Department of 
          Defense facilities.
Sec. 2876. Disclosure of beneficial ownership by foreign persons of high 
          security space leased by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 2877. Joint use of Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Marietta, Georgia, 
          with civil aviation.
Sec. 2878. Report on hurricane damage to Department of Defense assets.
Sec. 2879. Special rules for certain projects.
Sec. 2880. Energy security for military installations in Europe.

    TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition project.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          project.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          project.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2906. Extension of authorization of certain fiscal year 2015 
          projects.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Nuclear security enterprise infrastructure modernization 
          initiative.
Sec. 3112. Incorporation of integrated surety architecture in 
          transportation.
Sec. 3113. Cost estimates for life extension program and major 
          alteration projects.
Sec. 3114. Improved information relating to certain defense nuclear 
          nonproliferation programs.
Sec. 3115. Research and development of advanced naval reactor fuel based 
          on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3116. National Nuclear Security Administration pay and performance 
          system.
Sec. 3117. Budget requests and certification regarding nuclear weapons 
          dismantlement.
Sec. 3118. Nuclear warhead design competition.
Sec. 3119. Modification of minor construction threshold for plant 
          projects.
Sec. 3120. Extension of authorization of Advisory Board on Toxic 
          Substances and Worker Health.
Sec. 3121. Use of funds for construction and project support activities 
          relating to MOX facility.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in Russian 
          Federation.

                      Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Annual Selected Acquisition Reports on certain hardware 
          relating to defense nuclear nonproliferation.
Sec. 3132. Annual reports on unfunded priorities of National Nuclear 
          Security Administration.
Sec. 3133. Modification of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 3134. Modification to stockpile stewardship, management, and 
          responsiveness plan.
Sec. 3135. Assessment and development of prototype nuclear weapons of 
          foreign countries.
Sec. 3136. Plan for verification, detection, and monitoring of nuclear 
          weapons and fissile material.
Sec. 3137. Review of United States nuclear and radiological terrorism 
          prevention strategy.
Sec. 3138. Assessment of management and operating contracts of national 
          security laboratories.
Sec. 3139. Evaluation of classification of certain defense nuclear 
          waste.
Sec. 3140. Improved reporting for anti-smuggling radiation detection 
          systems.
Sec. 3141. Plutonium capabilities.
Sec. 3142. Report on critical decision 1 on Material Staging Facility 
          project.
Sec. 3143. Plan to further minimize the use of highly enriched uranium 
          for medical isotopes.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 3151. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
          relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Merchant Ship Sales Act of 1946.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Security Fleet Program; restriction on operation for 
          new entrants.
Sec. 3504. Codification of sections relating to acquisition, charter, 
          and requisition of vessels.
Sec. 3505. Assistance for small shipyards.
Sec. 3506. Report on sexual assault victim recovery in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 3507. Centers of excellence.
Sec. 3508. Foreign spill protection.
Sec. 3509. Removal of adjunct professor limit at United States Merchant 
          Marine Academy.
Sec. 3510. Acceptance of guarantees in conjunction with partial 
          donations for major projects of the United States Merchant 
          Marine Academy.
Sec. 3511. Authority to pay conveyance or transfer expenses in 
          connection with acceptance of a gift to the United States 
          Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3512. Authority to participate in Federal, State or other research 
          grants.
Sec. 3513. Provision of satellite communication devices during Sea Year 
          program.
Sec. 3514. Actions to address sexual harassment, dating violence, 
          domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking at the United 
          States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3515. Sexual assault prevention and response staff for the United 
          States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3516. Protection of cadets at the United States Merchant Marine 
          Academy from sexual assault onboard commercial vessels.
Sec. 3517. Training requirement for sexual assault investigators.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.
SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.
    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.
    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to 
the vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report 
or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS
                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority to expedite procurement of 7.62mm rifles.
Sec. 112. Limitation on availability of funds for Increment 2 of the 
          Warfighter Information Network-Tactical program.
Sec. 113. Limitation on availability of funds for upgrade of M113 
          vehicles.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Aircraft carriers.
Sec. 122. Icebreaker vessel.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
          destroyers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
          program.
Sec. 125. Design and construction of the lead ship of the amphibious 
          ship replacement designated LX(R) or amphibious transport dock 
          designated LPD-30.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
Sec. 127. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
          contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 128. Limitation on availability of funds for the enhanced multi-
          mission parachute system.
Sec. 129. Report on Navy capacity to increase production of certain 
          rotary wing aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Inventory requirement for Air Force fighter aircraft.
Sec. 132. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
          JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 133. Requirement for continuation of JSTARS aircraft 
          recapitalization program.
Sec. 134. Limitation on selection of single contractor for C-130H 
          avionics modernization program increment 2.
Sec. 135. Limitation on availability of funds for EC-130H Compass Call 
          recapitalization program.
Sec. 136. Limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 137. Cost-benefit analysis of upgrades to MQ-9 Reaper aircraft.
Sec. 138. Plan for modernization of the radar for F-16 fighter aircraft 
          of the National Guard.
Sec. 139. Comptroller General review of Air Force fielding plan for HH-
          60 replacement programs.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. F-35 economic order quantity contracting authority.
Sec. 142. Authority for explosive ordnance disposal units to acquire new 
          or emerging technologies and capabilities.
Sec. 143.  Requirement that certain aircraft and unmanned aerial 
          vehicles use specified standard data link.
Sec. 144. Reinstatement of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft; 
          mobility capability and requirements study.

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

    SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

    SEC. 111. AUTHORITY TO EXPEDITE PROCUREMENT OF 7.62MM RIFLES.
    (a) 7.62mm Rifles.--
        (1) Procurement authority.--The Secretary of the Army is 
    authorized to expedite the procurement of a commercially available 
    off-the-shelf item or nondevelopmental item for a 7.62mm rifle 
    capability in accordance with this section.
        (2) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Army may use the 
    authority under paragraph (1) to procure only the following:
            (A) Not more than 7,000 7.62mm rifles.
            (B) Equipment and ammunition associated with such rifles.
        (3) Contracting procedures.--
            (A) Full and open competition.--In awarding contracts under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of the Army shall use full and 
        open competition to the extent practicable.
            (B) Procedures other than full and open competition.--The 
        Secretary of the Army may not award a contract under paragraph 
        (1) using procedures other than full and open competition until 
        a period of 10 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
        Secretary submits to the congressional committees the report 
        described in subparagraph (C).
            (C) Report.--The report described in this subparagraph is a 
        report of the Secretary of the Army that includes--
                (i) a detailed justification for limiting full and open 
            competition for the procurement authorized under paragraph 
            (1);
                (ii) a description of the objectives, costs, and 
            timelines associated with the procurement; and
                (iii) an assessment of the projected impact of the 
            procurement on any related programs in terms of cost, 
            schedule, and the use of full and open competition in such 
            programs.
    (b) Related Programs.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army is authorized to use 
    funds made available to carry out subsection (a)--
            (A) to accelerate by two years the squad designated 
        marksman rifle program of the Army;
            (B) to accelerate by two years the advanced armor piercing 
        ammunition program of the Army; and
            (C) subject to paragraph (2), to accelerate the next 
        generation squad weapon program of the Army.
        (2) Full and open competition.--Any contract awarded under the 
    next generation squad weapon program of the Army shall be awarded 
    using full and open competition.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``commercially 
available off-the-shelf item'', ``full and open competition'', and 
``nondevelopmental item'' have the meanings given the terms in chapter 
1 of title 41, United States Code.
    SEC. 112. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR INCREMENT 2 OF 
      THE WARFIGHTER INFORMATION NETWORK-TACTICAL PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2018 for Increment 2 of the Warfighter Information Network-
Tactical program of the Army (referred to in this section as ``WIN-T 
Increment 2'') not more than 50 percent may be used to enter into, or 
to prepare to enter into, a contract for the procurement of equipment 
under the program until the date on which the Secretary of the Army 
submits the report under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than January 31, 2018, the Secretary of the 
Army, in consultation with the Chief of Staff of the Army, shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the strategy of the 
Army for modernizing air-land ad-hoc, mobile tactical communications 
and data networks.
    (c) Elements.--The report under subsection (b) shall include the 
following:
        (1) A description of the strategy of the Army for modernizing 
    air-land ad-hoc, mobile tactical communications and data networks.
        (2) The justification, rationale, and decision points for the 
    strategy, including how network requirements are being redefined.
        (3) How the Army intends to implement the recommendations 
    accepted by the Secretary of the Army related to air-land ad-hoc, 
    mobile tactical communications and data networks provided by the 
    Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation pursuant to 
    section 237 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 781).
        (4) How the Army will address the vulnerabilities identified by 
    the report of the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation on the mobile, ad-hoc network against a modern peer 
    adversary capable of cyber and electronic warfare detection and 
    intrusion.
        (5) A timeline and decision points for upgrading fielded WIN-T 
    Increment 1B systems.
        (6) A list of planned upgrades for components of WIN-T 
    Increment 2 designed to improve program capabilities, including 
    size, weight, and complexity, including the impact of these 
    improvements on the cost of the program, as well as fielding 
    schedules for Army Brigade Combat Teams.
        (7) How the strategy will reduce Army reliance on satellite 
    communications, including procurement and test strategies for more 
    resilient and secure mid-tier line of sight capability.
        (8) How the strategy will address identified joint 
    interoperability capability gaps, specifically for units known as 
    ``fight tonight'' units, including procurement and test plans for 
    identified solutions.
        (9) Decision points associated with the near term modernization 
    strategy for mitigating operational capability gaps for such 
    ``fight tonight'' units.
        (10) The decision points and timelines associated with the 
    fielding of modernized mobile tactical network communications to 
    the reserve components of the Army.
        (11) The planned funding and program realignments required for 
    fiscal year 2018 and across the future years defense program that 
    will be required to support the new strategy.
        (12) Identification of the changes in acquisition policy as 
    well as operational requirements being implemented to deliver an 
    effective, suitable, and survivable network to the warfighter.
        (13) Identification of the changes in leadership and governance 
    that will be associated with the new strategy.
    (d) Form of Report.--The report required by section (b) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    SEC. 113. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR UPGRADE OF M113 
      VEHICLES.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the upgrade of 
M113 vehicles of the Army, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which Secretary of the Army submits to the 
congressional defense committees the report described in subsection 
(b).
    (b) Report.--The report described in this subsection is a report 
setting forth the strategy of the Army for the upgrade of M113 vehicles 
that includes the following:
        (1) A detailed strategy for upgrading and fielding M113 
    vehicles.
        (2) An analysis of the manner in which the Army plans to 
    address M113 vehicle survivability and maneuverability concerns.
        (3) An analysis of the historical costs associated with 
    upgrading M113 vehicles, and a validation of current cost estimates 
    for upgrading such vehicles.
        (4) A comparison of--
            (A) the total procurement and life cycle costs of adding an 
        echelon above brigade requirement to the Army Multi-Purpose 
        Vehicle; and
            (B) the total procurement and life cycle costs of upgrading 
        legacy M113 vehicles.
        (5) An analysis of the possibility of further accelerating Army 
    Multi-Purpose Vehicle production or modifying the fielding strategy 
    for the Army Multi-Purpose Vehicle to meet near-term echelon above 
    brigade requirements.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

    SEC. 121. AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.
    (a) Modification of Cost Limitation Baseline for CVN-78 Class 
Aircraft Carrier Program.--Section 122 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 
Stat. 2105), as most recently amended by section 122 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 749), is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(2) Carrier designated as cvn-79.--The total amount obligated 
    from funds appropriated or otherwise made available for 
    Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement 
    account, for the aircraft carrier designated as CVN-79 may not 
    exceed $11,398,000,000 (as adjusted pursuant to subsection (b)).
        ``(3) Follow-on ships.--The total amount obligated from funds 
    appropriated or otherwise made available for Shipbuilding and 
    Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement account, for any 
    ship that is constructed in the CVN-78 class of aircraft carriers 
    after the aircraft carrier designated as CVN-79 may not exceed 
    $12,568,000,000 (as adjusted pursuant to subsection (b)).'';
        (2) in subsection (b), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
    follows:
        ``(1) The amounts of increases or decreases in costs 
    attributable to economic inflation--
            ``(A) after September 30, 2013, in the case of the aircraft 
        carrier designated as CVN-79; and
            ``(B) after September 30, 2017, in the case of any ship 
        that is constructed in the CVN-78 class of aircraft carriers 
        after the aircraft carrier designated as CVN-79.''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost 
Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the 
determination of the amounts set forth in paragraphs (2) and (3) of 
subsection (a), the costs of the following items:
        ``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
        ``(2) Interim spares.''.
    (b) Waiver on Limitation of Availability of Funds for CVN-79.--The 
Secretary of Defense may waive subsections (a) and (b) of section 128 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 751) after a period of 60 days has elapsed 
following the date on which the Secretary submits to the congressional 
defense committees a written notification of the intent of the 
Secretary to issue such a waiver. The Secretary shall include in any 
such notification the following:
        (1) The rationale of the Secretary for issuing the waiver.
        (2) The revised test and evaluation master plan that describes 
    when full ship shock trials will be held on Ford-class aircraft 
    carriers.
        (3) A certification that the Secretary has analyzed and 
    accepted the operational risk of the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford 
    deploying without having conducted full ship shock trials, and that 
    the Secretary has not delegated the decision to issue such waiver.
    SEC. 122. ICEBREAKER VESSEL.
    (a) Authority to Procure One Polar-class Heavy Icebreaker.--
        (1) In general.--There is authorized to be procured for the 
    Coast Guard one polar-class heavy icebreaker vessel.
        (2) Condition for out-year contract payments.--A contract 
    entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any obligation 
    of the United States to make a payment under the contract for a 
    fiscal year after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability 
    of appropriations or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal 
    year.
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds for Procurement of 
Icebreaker Vessels.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
any fiscal year that are unobligated as of the date of the enactment of 
this Act may be obligated or expended for the procurement of an 
icebreaker vessel other than the one polar-class heavy icebreaker 
vessel authorized to be procured under subsection (a)(1).
    (c) Contracting Authority.--
        (1) Coast guard.--If funds are appropriated to the department 
    in which the Coast Guard is operating to carry out subsection 
    (a)(1), the head of contracting activity for the Coast Guard shall 
    be responsible for contracting actions carried out using such 
    funds.
        (2) Navy.--If funds are appropriated to the Department of 
    Defense to carry out subsection (a)(1), the head of contracting 
    activity for the Navy, Naval Sea Systems Command shall be 
    responsible for contracting actions carried out using such funds.
        (3) Interagency acquisition.--Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) 
    and (2), the head of contracting activity for the Coast Guard or 
    head of contracting activity for the Navy, Naval Sea Systems 
    Command (as the case may be) may authorize interagency acquisitions 
    that are within the authority of such head of contracting activity.
    (d) Comptroller General Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Comptroller 
    General of the United States shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
    Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee on Transportation 
    and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report 
    assessing the cost of, and schedule for, the procurement of new 
    icebreaker vessels for the Federal Government.
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include an 
    analysis of the following:
            (A) The status of the efforts of the Coast Guard to acquire 
        new icebreaking capability, including an explanation of how 
        such efforts are coordinated through the integrated program 
        office.
            (B) Actions taken by the Coast Guard to incorporate key 
        practices of other countries with respect to the procurement of 
        icebreaker vessels to increase the Coast Guard's knowledge of, 
        and to reduce the costs and risks of, procuring such vessels.
            (C) The extent to which the cost and schedule for the 
        construction of Coast Guard icebreakers differs from such cost 
        and schedule in other countries.
            (D) The extent to which innovative acquisition practices 
        (such as multiyear funding and block buys) may be applied to 
        the procurement of icebreaker vessels to reduce the costs and 
        accelerate the schedule of such procurement.
            (E) A capacity replacement plan to mitigate a potential 
        icebreaker capability gap if the Polar Star cannot remain in 
        service.
            (F) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
        appropriate.
    SEC. 123. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS 
      DESTROYERS.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts for the procurement of up to 15 
Arleigh Burke class Flight III guided missile destroyers.
    (b) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2018, 
for advance procurement associated with the destroyers for which 
authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is 
provided under subsection (a), and for systems and subsystems 
associated with such destroyers in economic order quantities when cost 
savings are achievable.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (d) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not modify a 
contract entered into under subsection (a) if the modification would 
increase the target price of the destroyer by more than 10 percent 
above the target price specified in the original contract awarded for 
the destroyer under subsection (a).
    SEC. 124. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR VIRGINIA CLASS 
      SUBMARINE PROGRAM.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts for the procurement of not more 
than 13 Virginia class submarines.
    (b) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not modify a 
contract entered into under subsection (a) if the modification would 
increase the target price of the submarine by more than 10 percent 
above the target price specified in the original contract awarded for 
the submarine under subsection (a).
    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2018, 
for advance procurement associated with the Virginia class submarines 
for which authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract 
is provided under subsection (a) and for equipment or subsystems 
associated with the Virginia class submarine program, including 
procurement of--
        (1) long lead time material; or
        (2) material or equipment in economic order quantities when 
    cost savings are achievable.
    (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (e) Limitation on Termination Liability.--A contract for the 
construction of Virginia class submarines entered into under subsection 
(a) shall include a clause that limits the liability of the United 
States to the contractor for any termination of the contract. The 
maximum liability of the United States under the clause shall be the 
amount appropriated for the submarines covered by the contract 
regardless of the amount obligated under the contract.
    (f) Virginia Class Submarine Defined.--The term ``Virginia class 
submarine'' means a block V configured Virginia class submarine.
    SEC. 125. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE LEAD SHIP OF THE 
      AMPHIBIOUS SHIP REPLACEMENT DESIGNATED LX(R) OR AMPHIBIOUS 
      TRANSPORT DOCK DESIGNATED LPD-30.
    (a) In General.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, the 
Secretary of the Navy may enter into a contract, beginning with the 
fiscal year 2018 program year, for the design and construction of--
        (1) the lead ship of the amphibious ship replacement class 
    designated LX(R); or
        (2) the amphibious transport dock designated LPD-30.
    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 126. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR V-22 OSPREY AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code (except as provided in subsection (b)), 
the Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear 
contracts, beginning with the 2018 program year, for the procurement of 
the following:
        (1) V-22 Osprey aircraft.
        (2) Common configuration-readiness and modernization upgrades 
    for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
    (b) Contract Period.--Notwithstanding section 2306b(k) of title 10, 
United States Code, the period covered by a contract entered into on a 
multiyear basis under the authority of subsection (a) may exceed five 
years, but may not exceed seven years.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    SEC. 127. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE 
      SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS FOR CERTAIN VESSELS.
    Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking ``2017'' and 
inserting ``2017 or fiscal year 2018''.
    SEC. 128. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE ENHANCED 
      MULTI-MISSION PARACHUTE SYSTEM.
    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2018 for the enhanced multi-mission parachute system, not 
more than 80 percent may be used to enter into, or to prepare to enter 
into, a contract for the procurement of such parachute system until the 
date on which the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
defense committees the certification under subsection (b) and the 
report under subsection (c).
    (b) Certification.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a certification that states--
        (1) whether the multi-mission parachute system fielded by the 
    Marine Corps meets Marine Corps requirements;
        (2) whether the RA-1 parachute system of the Army meets Marine 
    Corps requirements;
        (3) whether the PARIS, Special Application Parachute of the 
    Marine Corps meets Marine Corps requirements;
        (4) whether the testing plan for the enhanced multi-mission 
    parachute system meets all applicable regulatory requirements; and
        (5) whether the Department of the Navy has determined that a 
    high glide canopy parachute system is as safe and effective as the 
    fielded free fall parachute systems.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes--
        (1) an explanation for using the Parachute Industry Association 
    specification for a military parachute given that sports parachutes 
    are deployed from relatively slow flying civilian aircraft at 
    altitudes below 10,000 feet;
        (2) a cost estimate for any new equipment and training that the 
    Marine Corps will require in order to use a high glide parachute;
        (3) justification for why the Department of the Navy is not 
    conducting any testing of parachutes until first article testing; 
    and
        (4) an assessment of the risks associated with high glide 
    canopy parachutes with a focus on how the Department of the Navy 
    will mitigate the risk of malfunctions experienced in other high 
    glide canopy parachute programs.
    SEC. 129. REPORT ON NAVY CAPACITY TO INCREASE PRODUCTION OF CERTAIN 
      ROTARY WING AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Report.--Not later than March 30, 2018, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
describes and assesses the capacity of the Navy to increase production 
of the aircraft described in subsection (b), taking into account an 
increase in the size of the surface fleet of the Navy to 355 ships.
    (b) Aircraft Described.--The aircraft described in this subsection 
are the following:
        (1) Anti-submarine warfare rotary wing aircraft.
        (2) Search and rescue rotary wing aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

    SEC. 131. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR AIR FORCE FIGHTER AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Inventory Requirement.--Section 8062 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i)(1) During the period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending 
on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a 
total aircraft inventory of fighter aircraft of not less than 1,970 
aircraft, and a total primary mission aircraft inventory (combat-coded) 
of not less than 1,145 fighter aircraft.
    ``(2) In this subsection:
        ``(A) The term `fighter aircraft' means an aircraft that--
            ``(i) is designated by a mission design series prefix of F- 
        or A-;
            ``(ii) is manned by one or two crewmembers; and
            ``(iii) executes single-role or multi-role missions, 
        including air-to-air combat, air-to-ground attack, air 
        interdiction, suppression or destruction of enemy air defenses, 
        close air support, strike control and reconnaissance, combat 
        search and rescue support, or airborne forward air control.
        ``(B) The term `primary mission aircraft inventory' means 
    aircraft assigned to meet the primary aircraft authorization to a 
    unit for the performance of its wartime mission.''.
    (b) Limitation on Retirement of Air Force Fighter Aircraft.--
        (1) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (c), during 
    the period beginning on October 1, 2017, and ending on October 1, 
    2022, the Secretary of the Air Force may not proceed with a 
    decision to retire fighter aircraft in any number that would reduce 
    the total number of such aircraft in the Air Force total active 
    inventory below 1,970, and shall maintain a minimum of 1,145 
    fighter aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
        (2) Additional limitations on retirement of fighter aircraft.--
    Except as provided in subsection (c), during the period beginning 
    on October 1, 2017, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
    the Air Force may not retire fighter aircraft from the total active 
    inventory as of the date of the enactment of this Act until the 
    later of the following:
            (A) The date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary submits the report required under paragraph (3).
            (B) The date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees 
        that--
                (i) the retirement of such fighter aircraft will not 
            increase the operational risk of meeting the National 
            Defense Strategy; and
                (ii) the retirement of such aircraft will not reduce 
            the total fighter force structure below 1,970 fighter 
            aircraft or the primary mission aircraft inventory below 
            1,145.
        (3) Report on retirement of aircraft.--The Secretary of the Air 
    Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
    setting forth the following:
            (A) The rationale for the retirement of existing fighter 
        aircraft and an operational analysis of the portfolio of 
        capabilities of the Air Force that demonstrates performance of 
        the designated mission at an equal or greater level of 
        effectiveness as the retiring aircraft.
            (B) An assessment of the implications for the Air Force, 
        the Air National Guard, and the Air Force Reserve of the force 
        mix ratio of fighter aircraft.
            (C) Such other matters relating to the retirement of 
        fighter aircraft as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Exception for Certain Aircraft.--The requirement of subsection 
(b) does not apply to individual fighter aircraft that the Secretary of 
the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-
operational because of mishaps, other damage, or being uneconomical to 
repair.
    (d) Fighter Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``fighter 
aircraft'' has the meaning given the term in subsection (i)(2)(A) of 
section 8062 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a) of this section.
    SEC. 132. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF E-
      8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Prohibition on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--Except as 
provided by subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2018 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or 
prepare to retire, any E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar 
System aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to individual E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System 
aircraft that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-
case basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other damage, or 
being uneconomical to repair.
    SEC. 133. REQUIREMENT FOR CONTINUATION OF JSTARS AIRCRAFT 
      RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--If the budget request submitted to Congress for 
any fiscal year includes a request by the Secretary of the Air Force to 
cancel or modify the JSTARS aircraft recapitalization program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit, as part of such budget request, the 
report described in subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--The report described in this subsection, is a report 
that includes the following:
        (1) The assumptions, rationale, and all analysis supporting the 
    proposed cancellation or modification of the JSTARS aircraft 
    recapitalization program.
        (2) An assessment of the implications of such cancellation or 
    modification for meeting the mission requirements for air battle 
    management and moving target indicator intelligence discipline of 
    the Air Force, the Air National Guard, the Army, the Army National 
    Guard, the Navy and Marine Corps, and the combatant commands.
        (3) A certification that the plan for the cancellation or 
    modification of the recapitalization program would not result in an 
    increased time during which there is a capability or capacity gap 
    in providing battlefield management, command and control and 
    intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities to the 
    combatant commanders.
        (4) Such other matters relating to the proposed cancellation or 
    modification as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report under subsection (b) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``budget request'' means the budget materials 
    submitted by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget of 
    the President for a fiscal year (submitted to Congress pursuant to 
    section 1105 of title 31, United States Code).
        (2) The term ``JSTARS aircraft recapitalization program'' means 
    the recapitalization program for the E-8C Joint Surveillance Target 
    Attack Radar System aircraft as such program is proposed to be 
    carried out in the budget request submitted to Congress for fiscal 
    year 2018.
    SEC. 134. LIMITATION ON SELECTION OF SINGLE CONTRACTOR FOR C-130H 
      AVIONICS MODERNIZATION PROGRAM INCREMENT 2.
    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not select only 
a single prime contractor to carry out increment 2 of the C-130H 
avionics modernization program until the Secretary submits to the 
congressional defense committees a written certification that, in 
selecting such a single prime contractor--
        (1) the Secretary will ensure, to the extent practicable, that 
    commercially available off-the-shelf items are used under the 
    program, including technology solutions and nondevelopmental items; 
    and
        (2) excessively restrictive military specification standards 
    will not be used to restrict or eliminate full and open competition 
    in the selection process.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``commercially 
available off-the-shelf item'', ``full and open competition'', and 
``nondevelopmental item'' have the meanings given the terms in chapter 
1 of title 41, United States Code.
    SEC. 135. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EC-130H COMPASS 
      CALL RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for any fiscal year for the EC-
130H Compass Call recapitalization program of the Air Force may be 
obligated until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
Logistics submits to the congressional defense committees the 
certification described in subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--The certification described in this subsection 
is a written statement certifying that--
        (1) an independent review of the acquisition process for the 
    EC-130H Compass Call recapitalization program of the Air Force has 
    been conducted; and
        (2) as a result of such review, it has been determined that the 
    acquisition process for such program complies with all applicable 
    laws, guidelines, and best practices.
    SEC. 136. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF U-2 AND RQ-4 AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may take no action 
that would prevent the Air Force from maintaining the fleets of U-2 
aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft in their current, or improved, configurations 
and capabilities until--
        (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
    and Logistics certifies in writing to the appropriate committees of 
    Congress that--
            (A) in the case of the RQ-4 aircraft, the validated 
        operating and sustainment costs of the capability developed to 
        replace the RQ-4 aircraft are less than the validated operating 
        and sustainment costs for the RQ-4 aircraft on a comparable 
        flight-hour cost basis; or
            (B) in the case of the U-2 aircraft, the validated 
        operating and sustainment costs of the capability developed to 
        replace the U-2 aircraft are less than the validated operating 
        and sustainment costs for the U-2 aircraft on a comparable 
        flight-hour cost basis; and
        (2) the Chairman of the Joint Requirements Oversight Council 
    certifies in writing to the appropriate committees of Congress that 
    the capability to be fielded at the same time or before the 
    retirement of the U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft (as the case may 
    be) would result in equal or greater capability available to the 
    commanders of the combatant commands and would not result in less 
    capacity available to the commanders of the combatant commands.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the certification 
requirement under subsection (a)(1) with respect to U-2 aircraft or RQ-
4 aircraft if the Secretary--
        (1) determines, after analyzing sufficient and relevant data, 
    that a greater capability is worth increased operating and 
    sustainment costs; and
        (2) provides to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
    certification of such determination and supporting analysis.
    (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
    Appropriations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
    Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
    Appropriations, and the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
    of the House of Representatives.
    (d) Repeal.--Section 133 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 125 Stat. 1321) is repealed.
    SEC. 137. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF UPGRADES TO MQ-9 REAPER 
      AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Air Force, shall conduct an analysis that compares the 
costs and benefits of the following:
        (1) Upgrading fielded MQ-9 Reaper aircraft to a Block 5 
    configuration.
        (2) Proceeding with the procurement of MQ-9B aircraft instead 
    of upgrading fielded MQ-9 Reaper aircraft to a Block 5 
    configuration.
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report that includes the results 
    of the cost-benefit analysis conducted under subsection (a).
        (2) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
    annex.
    SEC. 138. PLAN FOR MODERNIZATION OF THE RADAR FOR F-16 FIGHTER 
      AIRCRAFT OF THE NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) Modernization Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall develop a plan to modernize the radars of F-16 fighter aircraft 
of the National Guard by replacing legacy mechanically-scanned radars 
for such aircraft with active electronically scanned array radars.
    (b) Report.--Not later 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the plan developed under subsection 
(a).
    SEC. 139. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW OF AIR FORCE FIELDING PLAN FOR 
      HH-60 REPLACEMENT PROGRAMS.
    (a) Comptroller General Review.--The Comptroller General of the 
United States shall conduct a review of the Air Force fielding plan for 
the HH-60 replacement programs.
    (b) Elements.--The review conducted under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the HH-60 replacement programs, the following:
        (1) A description of the recommendations of the National 
    Commission on the Structure of the Air Force regarding the use of 
    concurrent and proportional fielding and how the Air Force applied 
    the recommendations in the fielding plan for the HH-60G replacement 
    programs.
        (2) An evaluation of the fielding plan, including an assessment 
    of the Air Force rationale for the plan, as well as the alternative 
    fielding plans considered by the Air Force.
        (3) An evaluation of the potential readiness impact of the 
    fielding plan on active duty, National Guard, and Reserve units, 
    including the impact of the plan on the ability of such units to 
    meet training, maintenance, and deployment requirements, as well as 
    the implications for total force integration initiatives should the 
    fielding not be proportional.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Comptroller 
General shall provide a briefing to the congressional defense 
committees on the review conducted under subsection (a).
    (d) Final Report.--Not later than June 30, 2018, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the congressional committees a report that 
includes the results of the review conducted under subsection (a).
    (e) HH-60G Replacement Programs Defined.--In this section, the term 
``HH-60G replacement programs'' means the HH-60G Ops Loss Replacement 
program and the HH-60W Combat Rescue Helicopter program.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

    SEC. 141. F-35 ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AUTHORITY.
    (a) In General.--Subject to subsections (b) through (e), from 
amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 aircraft program, 
the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more contracts, 
beginning with the fiscal year 2018 program year, for the procurement 
of economic order quantities of material and equipment that has 
completed formal hardware qualification testing for the F-35 aircraft 
program for use in procurement contracts to be awarded for such program 
during fiscal years 2019 and 2020.
    (b) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all contracts 
entered into under subsection (a) shall not exceed $661,000,000.
    (c) Preliminary Findings.--Before entering into a contract under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall make each of the following findings 
with respect to such contract:
        (1) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
    savings of the total anticipated costs of carrying out the program 
    through annual contracts.
        (2) The minimum need for the property to be procured is 
    expected to remain substantially unchanged during the contemplated 
    contract period in terms of production rate, procurement rate, and 
    total quantities.
        (3) There is a reasonable expectation that, throughout the 
    contemplated contract period, the Secretary will request funding 
    for the contract at the level required to avoid contract 
    cancellation.
        (4) That there is a stable design for the property to be 
    procured and that the technical risks associated with such property 
    are not excessive.
        (5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
    anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an economic order 
    quantity contract are realistic.
        (6) Entering into the contract will promote the national 
    security interests of the United States.
    (d) Certification Requirement.--Except as provided in subsection 
(e), the Secretary of Defense may not enter into a contract under 
subsection (a) until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date 
on which the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
committees, in writing, that each of the following conditions is 
satisfied:
        (1) A sufficient number of end items of the system being 
    acquired under such contract have been delivered at or within the 
    most recently available estimates of the program acquisition unit 
    cost or procurement unit cost for such system to determine that the 
    estimates of the unit costs are realistic.
        (2) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
    awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the contract 
    in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense program submitted 
    to Congress under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, for 
    that fiscal year will include the funding required to execute the 
    program without cancellation.
        (3) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
        (4) The proposed contract provides for production at not less 
    than minimum economic rates given the existing tooling and 
    facilities.
        (5) The Secretary has determined that each of the conditions 
    described in paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (c) will be 
    met by such contract and has provided the basis for such 
    determination to the congressional defense committees.
        (6) The determination under paragraph (5) was made after the 
    completion of a cost analysis performed by the Director of Cost 
    Assessment and Program Evaluation for the purpose of section 
    2334(e)(1) of title 10, United States Code, and the analysis 
    supports that determination.
    (e) Exception.--Notwithstanding subsection (d), the Secretary of 
Defense may enter into a contract under subsection (a) on or after 
March 1, 2018, if--
        (1) the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation has 
    not completed a cost analysis of the preliminary findings made by 
    the Secretary under subsection (c) with respect to the contract;
        (2) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
    committees, in writing, that each of the conditions described in 
    paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (d) is satisfied; and
        (3) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which 
    the Secretary submits the certification under paragraph (2).
    SEC. 142. AUTHORITY FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL UNITS TO 
      ACQUIRE NEW OR EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND CAPABILITIES.
    The Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the head of each 
military service, may provide to an explosive ordnance disposal unit 
the authority to acquire new or emerging technologies and capabilities 
that are not specifically provided for in the authorized equipment 
allowance for the unit, as such allowance is set forth in the table of 
equipment and table of allowance for the unit.
    SEC. 143. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN AIRCRAFT AND UNMANNED AERIAL 
      VEHICLES USE SPECIFIED STANDARD DATA LINK.
    Section 157 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1667) is amended--
        (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Solicitations.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(1) ensure that any solicitation issued for a Common Data 
    Link described in subsection (a), regardless of whether the 
    solicitation is issued by a military department or a contractor 
    with respect to a subcontract--
            ``(A) conforms to a Department of Defense specification 
        standard, including interfaces and waveforms, existing as of 
        the date of the solicitation; and
            ``(B) does not include any proprietary or undocumented 
        waveforms or control interfaces or data interfaces as a 
        requirement or criterion for evaluation; and
        ``(2) notify the congressional defense committees not later 
    than 15 days after issuing a solicitation for a Common Data Link to 
    be sunset (CDL-TBS) waveform.''; and
        (2) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (A) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense'';
            (B) by striking ``Under Secretary'' and inserting ``Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense''; and
            (C) by inserting ``before October 1, 2023'' after 
        ``committees''.
    SEC. 144. REINSTATEMENT OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 
      AIRCRAFT; MOBILITY CAPABILITY AND REQUIREMENTS STUDY.
    (a) Preservation of Retired Aircraft.--Section 141 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 
Stat. 1659), as amended by section 132 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is amended 
by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Preservation of Certain Retired C-5 Aircraft.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
    preserve eight retired C-5 aircraft until the date that is 30 days 
    after the date on which the briefing under section 144(b) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 is provided 
    to the congressional defense committees.
        ``(2) Manner of preservation.--The retired C-5 aircraft 
    preserved under paragraph (1) shall be preserved such that each 
    aircraft--
            ``(A) can be returned to service; and
            ``(B) is not used to supply parts to other aircraft unless 
        specifically authorized by the Secretary of Defense upon a 
        request by the Secretary of the Air Force.''.
    (b) Study and Briefing.--
        (1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a mobility 
    capability and requirements study that estimates the number or 
    airlift aircraft, tanker aircraft, and sealift ships needed to meet 
    combatant commander requirements.
        (2) Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 2018, the Secretary 
    of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
    briefing on the results of the study carried out under paragraph 
    (1). The briefing shall include--
            (A) a detailed explanation of the strategy and associated 
        force sizing and shaping constructs, associated scenarios, and 
        assumptions used to conduct the analysis;
            (B) estimated risk based on Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff risk management classifications; and
            (C) implications of operations in contested areas with 
        regard to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Cost controls for presidential aircraft recapitalization 
          program.
Sec. 212. Capital investment authority.
Sec. 213. Prizes for advanced technology achievements.
Sec. 214. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 215. Department of Defense directed energy weapon system 
          prototyping and demonstration program.
Sec. 216. Appropriate use of authority for prototype projects.
Sec. 217. Mechanisms for expedited access to technical talent and 
          expertise at academic institutions to support Department of 
          Defense missions.
Sec. 218. Modification of laboratory quality enhancement program.
Sec. 219. Reauthorization of Department of Defense Established Program 
          to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 220. Codification and enhancement of authorities to provide funds 
          for defense laboratories for research and development of 
          technologies for military missions.
Sec. 221. Expansion of definition of competitive procedures to include 
          competitive selection for award of science and technology 
          proposals.
Sec. 222. Inclusion of modeling and simulation in test and evaluation 
          activities for purposes of planning and budget certification.
Sec. 223. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 Joint Strike 
          Fighter Follow-On Modernization.
Sec. 224. Improvement of update process for populating mission data 
          files used in advanced combat aircraft.
Sec. 225. Support for national security innovation and entrepreneurial 
          education.
Sec. 226. Limitation on cancellation of designation Executive Agent for 
          a certain Defense Production Act program.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 231. Columbia-class program accountability matrices.
Sec. 232. Review of barriers to innovation in research and engineering 
          activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 233. Pilot program to improve incentives for technology transfer 
          from Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 234. Competitive acquisition plan for low probability of detection 
          data link networks.
Sec. 235. Clarification of selection dates for pilot program for the 
          enhancement of the research, development, test, and evaluation 
          centers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 236. Requirement for a plan to build a prototype for a new ground 
          combat vehicle for the Army.
Sec. 237. Plan for successfully fielding the Integrated Air and Missile 
          Defense Battle Command System.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

    SEC. 211. COST CONTROLS FOR PRESIDENTIAL AIRCRAFT RECAPITALIZATION 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Fixed Capability Requirements.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), the capability requirements for aircraft procured under 
the presidential aircraft recapitalization program of the Air Force 
(referred to in this section as the ``PAR Program'') shall be the 
capability requirements identified in version 7.0.2 of the system 
requirement document for the PAR Program.
    (b) Adjustments.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force may adjust 
the capability requirements described in subsection (a) only if the 
Chief of Staff submits to the congressional defense committees a 
written determination that such adjustment is necessary--
        (1) to resolve an ambiguity relating to the capability 
    requirement;
        (2) to address a problem with the administration of the 
    capability requirement;
        (3) to lower the development cost or life-cycle cost of the PAR 
    program;
        (4) to comply with a change in international, Federal, State, 
    or local law or regulation that takes effect after September 30, 
    2017;
        (5) to address a safety issue; or
        (6) subject to subsection (c), to address an emerging threat or 
    vulnerability.
    (c) Limitation on Adjustment for Emerging Threat or 
Vulnerability.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force may use the 
authority under paragraph (6) of subsection (b) to adjust the 
requirements described in subsection (a) only if the Secretary and the 
Chief of Staff of the Air Force, on a nondelegable basis--
        (1) jointly determine that such adjustment is necessary and in 
    the interests of the national security of the United States; and
        (2) submit to the congressional defense committees notice of 
    such joint determination.
    (d) Analysis for Fixed-price Type Contracts.--The Secretary of the 
Air Force shall work with the contractor and conduct an analysis of 
risk and explore opportunities to enter into additional fixed price 
type contracts for engineering and manufacturing development beyond the 
procurement of the unmodified commercial aircraft as described in 
paragraph (1).
    (e) Quarterly Briefings.--
        (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2017, and 
    on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, the 
    Secretary of the Air Force shall provide to the congressional 
    defense committees a briefing on the efforts of the Secretary to 
    control costs under the PAR Program.
        (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall include, 
    with respect to the PAR Program, the following:
            (A) An overview of the program schedule.
            (B) A description of each contract awarded under the 
        program, including a description of the type of contract and 
        the status of the contract.
            (C) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
        to--
                (i) modification;
                (ii) testing;
                (iii) delivery; and
                (iv) sustainment.
    (f) Service Acquisition Executive Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``service acquisition executive'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 101(a)(10) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 212. CAPITAL INVESTMENT AUTHORITY.
    Section 2208(k)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$250,000'' and inserting ``$500,000 for procurements by a 
major range and test facility installation or a science and technology 
reinvention laboratory and not less than $250,000 for procurements at 
all other facilities''.
    SEC. 213. PRIZES FOR ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.
    Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``in recognition of'' and 
    inserting ``and other types of prizes that the Secretary determines 
    are appropriate to recognize'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``cash prize of'' and 
        inserting ``prize with a fair market value of'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) No prize competition may result in the award of a solely 
nonmonetary prize with a fair market value of more than $10,000 without 
the approval of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering.'';
        (3) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by inserting ``or nonmonetary items'' after ``accept 
        funds'';
            (B) by striking ``and from State and local governments'' 
        and inserting ``, from State and local governments, and from 
        the private sector''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following: ``The Secretary may 
        not give any special consideration to any private sector entity 
        in return for a donation.''; and
        (4) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:
    ``(f) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under this 
section shall be considered the use of competitive procedures for the 
purposes of section 2304 of this title.''.
    SEC. 214. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.
    (a) Redesignation.--The joint technology office on hypersonics in 
the Office of the Secretary of Defense is redesignated as the ``Joint 
Hypersonics Transition Office''. Any reference in a law (other than 
this section), map, regulation, document, paper, or other record of the 
United States to the joint technology office on hypersonics shall be 
deemed to be a reference to the Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
    (b) Hypersonics Development.--Section 218 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as amended by section 1079(f) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 129 Stat. 999), is amended--
        (1) in the heading of subsection (a), by striking ``Joint 
    Technology Office on Hypersonics'' and inserting ``Joint 
    Hypersonics Transition Office'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``joint technology 
        office on hypersonics'' and inserting ``Joint Hypersonics 
        Transition Office (in this section referred to as the 
        `Office')''; and
            (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``office'' and 
        inserting ``Office'';
        (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``joint technology office 
    established under subsection (a)'' and inserting ``Office''; and
        (4) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
    ``(c) Responsibilities.--In carrying out the program required by 
subsection (b), the Office shall do the following:
        ``(1) Expedite testing, evaluation, and acquisition of 
    hypersonic weapon systems to meet the stated needs of the 
    warfighter, including flight testing, ground-based-testing, and 
    underwater launch testing.
        ``(2) Coordinate and integrate current and future research, 
    development, test, and evaluation programs and system demonstration 
    programs of the Department of Defense on hypersonics.
        ``(3) Undertake appropriate actions to ensure--
            ``(A) close and continuous integration of the programs on 
        hypersonics of the military departments and the Defense 
        Agencies with the programs on hypersonics across the Federal 
        Government and with appropriate private sector and foreign 
        organizations; and
            ``(B) that both foundational research and developmental and 
        operational testing resources are adequate and well funded, and 
        that facilities are made available in a timely manner to 
        support hypersonics research, demonstration programs, and 
        system development.
        ``(4) Approve prototyping demonstration programs on hypersonic 
    systems to speed the maturation and deployment of the systems to 
    the warfighter,.
        ``(5) Ensure that any demonstration program on hypersonic 
    systems that is carried out in any year after its approval under 
    paragraph (3) is carried out only if certified under subsection (e) 
    as being consistent with the roadmap under subsection (d).
        ``(6) Develop strategies and roadmaps for hypersonic 
    technologies to transition to operational capabilities for the 
    warfighter.
        ``(7) Coordinate with relevant stakeholders and agencies to 
    support United States technological advantage in developing 
    hypersonics.'';
        (5) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``joint technology office 
    established under subsection (a)'' and inserting ``Office''; and
        (6) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``joint technology office 
        established under subsection (a)'' and inserting ``Office''; 
        and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``joint technology 
        office'' and inserting ``Office''.
    SEC. 215. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPON SYSTEM 
      PROTOTYPING AND DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.
    (a) Designation of Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering as the Official With Principal Responsibility for 
Development and Demonstration of Directed Energy Weapons.--Subsection 
(a)(1) of section 219 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended 
by striking ``Not later'' and all that follows through ``Department of 
Defense'' and inserting ``The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall serve''.
    (b) Prototyping and Demonstration Program.--Such section is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Prototyping and Demonstration Program.--
        ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
    the Under Secretary, shall establish a program on the prototyping 
    and demonstration of directed energy weapon systems to build and 
    maintain the military superiority of the United States by--
            ``(A) accelerating, when feasible, the fielding of directed 
        energy weapon prototypes that would help counter technological 
        advantages of potential adversaries of the United States; and
            ``(B) supporting the military departments, the combatant 
        commanders, and other relevant defense agencies and entities in 
        developing prototypes and demonstrating operational utility of 
        high energy lasers and high powered microwave weapon systems.
        ``(2) Guidelines.--(A) Not later than 180 days after the date 
    of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
    Fiscal Year 2018, the Under Secretary shall issue guidelines for 
    the operation of the program established under paragraph (1), 
    including the following:
            ``(i) Criteria required for an application for funding by a 
        military department, defense agency or entity, or a combatant 
        command.
            ``(ii) The priorities, based on validated requirements or 
        capability gaps, for fielding prototype directed energy weapon 
        system technologies developed by research funding of the 
        Department or industry.
            ``(iii) Criteria for evaluation of an application for 
        funding or changes to policies or acquisition and business 
        practices by such a department, agency, or command for purposes 
        of improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the program.
        ``(B) Funding for a military department, defense agency, or 
    combatant command under the program established under paragraph (1) 
    may only be available for advanced technology development, 
    prototyping, and demonstrations in which the Department of Defense 
    maintains management of the technical baseline and a primary 
    emphasis on technology transition and evaluating military utility 
    to enhance the likelihood that the particular directed energy 
    weapon system will meet the Department end user's need.
        ``(3) Applications for funding.--(A) Not less frequently than 
    once each year, the Under Secretary shall solicit from the heads of 
    the military departments, the defense agencies, and the combatant 
    commands applications for funding under the program established 
    under paragraph (1) to be used to enter into contracts, cooperative 
    agreements, or other transaction agreements entered into pursuant 
    to section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, with appropriate 
    entities for the prototyping or commercialization of technologies.
        ``(B) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require any 
    official of the Department of Defense to provide funding under the 
    program to any congressional earmark as defined pursuant to clause 
    9 of rule XXI of the Rules of the House of Representatives or any 
    congressionally directed spending item as defined pursuant to 
    paragraph 5 of rule XLIV of the Standing Rules of the Senate.
        ``(4) Funding.--(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B) and 
    subject to the availability of appropriations for such purpose, of 
    the funds authorized to be appropriated by the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 or otherwise made available 
    for fiscal year 2018 for research, development, test, and 
    evaluation, defense-wide, up to $100,000,000 may be available to 
    the Under Secretary to allocate to the military departments, the 
    defense agencies, and the combatant commands to carry out the 
    program established under paragraph (1).
        ``(B) Not more than half of the amounts made available under 
    subparagraph (A) may be allocated as described in such paragraph 
    until the Under Secretary--
            ``(i) develops the strategic plan required by subsection 
        (a)(2)(A); and
            ``(ii) submits such strategic plan to the congressional 
        defense committees.
        ``(5) Under secretary defined.--In this subsection, the term 
    `Under Secretary' means the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
    and Engineering in the Under Secretary's capacity as the official 
    with principal responsibility for the development and demonstration 
    of directed energy weapons pursuant to subsection (a)(1).''.
    SEC. 216. APPROPRIATE USE OF AUTHORITY FOR PROTOTYPE PROJECTS.
    Section 2371b(d)(1)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``or nonprofit research institution'' after ``defense 
contractor''.
    SEC. 217. MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND 
      EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS TO SUPPORT DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE MISSIONS.
    (a) Arrangements Authorized.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense and each secretary of 
    a military department may establish one or more multi-institution 
    task order contracts, consortia, cooperative agreements, or other 
    arrangements to facilitate expedited access to university technical 
    expertise, including faculty, staff, and students, in support of 
    Department of Defense missions in the areas specified in subsection 
    (e).
        (2) Use for technical analyses and engineering support.--The 
    Secretary may use an arrangement under paragraph (1) to fund 
    technical analyses and other engineering support as required to 
    address acquisition, management, and operational challenges, 
    including support for classified programs and activities.
    (b) Limitation.--An arrangement established under subsection (a)(1) 
may not be used to fund research programs that can be executed through 
other Department of Defense basic research activities.
    (c) Consultation With Other Department of Defense Activities.--An 
arrangement established under subsection (a)(1) shall, to the degree 
practicable, be made in consultation with other Department of Defense 
activities, including federally funded research and development centers 
(FFRDCs), university affiliated research centers (UARCs), and Defense 
laboratories and test centers, for purposes of providing technical 
expertise and reducing costs and duplicative efforts.
    (d) Policies and Procedures.--If the Secretary of Defense or a 
secretary of a military department establishes one or more arrangements 
under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
implement policies and procedures to govern--
        (1) selection of participants in the arrangement or 
    arrangements;
        (2) the awarding of task orders under the arrangement or 
    arrangements;
        (3) maximum award size for tasks under the arrangement or 
    arrangements;
        (4) the appropriate use of competitive awards and sole source 
    awards under the arrangement or arrangements; and
        (5) technical areas under the arrangement or arrangements.
    (e) Mission Areas.--The areas specified in this subsection are as 
follows:
        (1) Cybersecurity.
        (2) Air and ground vehicles.
        (3) Shipbuilding.
        (4) Explosives detection and defeat.
        (5) Undersea warfare.
        (6) Trusted electronics.
        (7) Unmanned systems.
        (8) Directed energy.
        (9) Energy, power, and propulsion.
        (10) Management science and operations research.
        (11) Artificial intelligence.
        (12) Data analytics.
        (13) Business systems.
        (14) Technology transfer and transition.
        (15) Biological engineering and genetic enhancement.
        (16) High performance computing.
        (17) Materials science and engineering.
        (18) Quantum information sciences.
        (19) Special operations activities.
        (20) Modeling and simulation.
        (21) Autonomous systems.
        (22) Model based engineering.
        (23) Such other areas as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (f) Sunset.--No new arrangements may be entered into under 
subsection (a)(1) after September 30, 2020.
    (g) Arrangements Established Under Subsection (a)(1) Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``arrangement established under subsection 
(a)(1)'' means a multi-institution task order contract, consortia, 
cooperative agreement, or other arrangement established under 
subsection (a)(1).
    SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF LABORATORY QUALITY ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--Section 211 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the semicolon and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) new interpretations of existing statutes and 
        regulations that would enhance the ability of a director of a 
        science and technology reinvention laboratory to manage the 
        facility and discharge the mission of the laboratory;'';
        (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) Each panel described in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of 
subsection (b) shall submit to the panel described in paragraph (4) of 
such subsection (relating to governance and oversight processes) the 
following:
        ``(i) The findings of the panel with respect to the review 
    conducted by the panel under subsection (a)(1)(C).
        ``(ii) The recommendations made by the panel under such 
    subsection.
        ``(iii) Such comments, findings, and recommendations as the 
    panel may have received by a science and technology reinvention 
    laboratory with respect to--
            ``(I) the review conducted by the panel under such 
        subsection; or
            ``(II) recommendations made by the panel under such 
        subsection.
    ``(B)(i) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall review and 
refashion such recommendations as the panel may receive under 
subparagraph (A).
    ``(ii) In reviewing and refashioning recommendations under clause 
(i), the panel may, as the panel considers appropriate, consult with 
the science and technology executive of the affected service.
    ``(C) The panel described in subsection (b)(4) shall submit to the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering the 
recommendations made by the panel under subsection (a)(1)(C) and the 
recommendations refashioned by the panel under subparagraph (B) of this 
paragraph.'';
        (3) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsection (f) 
    and (g), respectively; and
        (4) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e) Interpretation of Provisions of Law.--(1) The Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering, acting under the guidance of 
the Secretary, shall issue regulations regarding the meaning, scope, 
implementation, and applicability of any provision of a statute 
relating to a science and technology reinvention laboratory.
    ``(2) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the Under 
Secretary shall, to the degree practicable, emphasize providing the 
maximum operational flexibility to the directors of the science and 
technology reinvention laboratories to discharge the missions of their 
laboratories.
    ``(3) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the Under 
Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, consult and coordinate with 
the secretaries of the military departments and such other agencies or 
entities as the Under Secretary considers relevant, on any proposed 
revision to regulations under paragraph (1).
    ``(4) In interpreting or defining under paragraph (1), the Under 
Secretary shall seek recommendations from the panel described in 
subsection (b)(4).''.
    (b) Technical Corrections.--(1) Subsections (a), (c)(1)(C), and 
(d)(2) of such section are amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' 
each place it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''.
    (2) Subparagraph (C) of section 342(b)(3) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337), as amended 
by section 211(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), as redesignated by subsection (a)(3) of 
this section, is amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' and 
inserting ``Under Secretary''.
    SEC. 219. REAUTHORIZATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ESTABLISHED 
      PROGRAM TO STIMULATE COMPETITIVE RESEARCH.
    (a) Modification of Program Objectives.--Subsection (b) of section 
257 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 
(Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs (2) 
    and (3), respectively;
        (2) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
    paragraph (1), the following new paragraph (1):
        ``(1) To increase the number of university researchers in 
    eligible States capable of performing science and engineering 
    research responsive to the needs of the Department of Defense.''; 
    and
        (3) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
    inserting ``relevant to the mission of the Department of Defense 
    and'' after ``that is''.
    (b) Modification of Program Activities.--Subsection (c) of such 
section is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
    paragraph (3):
        ``(3) To provide assistance to science and engineering 
    researchers at institutions of higher education in eligible States 
    through collaboration between Department of Defense laboratories 
    and such researchers.''.
    (c) Modification of Eligibility Criteria for State Participation.--
Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting ``in areas relevant to 
    the mission of the Department of Defense'' after ``programs''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Under Secretary shall not remove a designation of a State 
under paragraph (2) because the State exceeds the funding levels 
specified under subparagraph (A) of such paragraph unless the State has 
exceeded such funding levels for at least two consecutive years.''.
    (d) Modification of Coordination Requirement.--Subsection (e) of 
such section is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``shall'' each place it 
    appears and inserting ``may''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``relevant to the mission of 
    the Department of Defense and'' after ``Research are''.
    (e) Modification of Name.--
        (1) In general.--Such section is amended--
            (A) in subsections (a) and (e) by striking ``Experimental'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``Established''; and
            (B) in the section heading, by striking ``experimental'' 
        and inserting ``established''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--Such Act is amended, in the table of 
    contents in section 2(b), by striking the item relating to section 
    257 and inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 257. Defense established program to stimulate competitive 
          research.''.

        (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 307 of the 1997 Emergency 
    Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from Natural 
    Disasters, and for Overseas Peacekeeping Efforts, Including Those 
    in Bosnia (Public Law 105-18) is amended by striking 
    ``Experimental'' and inserting ``Established''.
    SEC. 220. CODIFICATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES TO PROVIDE 
      FUNDS FOR DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
      TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY MISSIONS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2362 the following new section:
``Sec. 2363. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense laboratories for 
    research and development of technologies for military missions
    ``(a) Mechanisms to Provide Funds.--(1) The Secretary of Defense, 
in consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
establish mechanisms under which the director of a defense laboratory 
may use an amount of funds equal to not less than two percent and not 
more than four percent of all funds available to the defense laboratory 
for the following purposes:
        ``(A) To fund innovative basic and applied research that is 
    conducted at the defense laboratory and supports military missions.
        ``(B) To fund development programs that support the transition 
    of technologies developed by the defense laboratory into 
    operational use.
        ``(C) To fund workforce development activities that improve the 
    capacity of the defense laboratory to recruit and retain personnel 
    with necessary scientific and engineering expertise that support 
    military missions.
        ``(D) To fund the repair or minor military construction of the 
    laboratory infrastructure and equipment, in accordance with 
    subsection (b).
    ``(2) The mechanisms established under paragraph (1) shall provide 
that funding shall be used under paragraph (1) at the discretion of the 
director of a defense laboratory in consultation with the science and 
technology executive of the military department concerned.
    ``(3) The science and technology executive of a military department 
may develop policies and guidance to leverage funding and promote 
cross-laboratory collaboration, including with laboratories of other 
military departments.
    ``(4) After consultation with the science and technology executive 
of the military department concerned, the director of a defense 
laboratory may charge customer activities a fixed percentage fee, in 
addition to normal costs of performance, in order to obtain funds to 
carry out activities authorized by this subsection. The fixed fee may 
not exceed four percent of costs.
    ``(b) Availability of Funds for Infrastructure Projects.--Funds 
shall be available in accordance with subsection (a)(1)(D) only if--
        ``(1) the Secretary notifies the congressional defense 
    committees of the total cost of the project before the date on 
    which the Secretary uses the mechanism under such subsection for 
    such project; and
        ``(2) the Secretary ensures that the project complies with the 
    applicable cost limitations in--
            ``(A) section 2805(d) of this title, with respect to 
        revitalization and recapitalization projects; and
            ``(B) section 2811 of this title, with respect to repair 
        projects.
    ``(c) Annual Report on Use of Authority.--(1) Not later than March 
1 of each year until March 1, 2025, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the use of 
the authority under subsection (a) during the preceding year.
    ``(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include, with respect 
to the year covered by the report, the following:
        ``(A) A description of the mechanisms used to provide funding 
    under subsection (a)(1).
        ``(B) A statement of the amount of funding made available to 
    each defense laboratory for research described under such 
    subsection.
        ``(C) A description of the investments made by each defense 
    laboratory using funds under such subsection.
        ``(D) A description and assessment of any improvements in the 
    performance of the defense laboratories as a result of investments 
    under such subsection.
        ``(E) A description and assessment of the contributions to the 
    development of needed military capabilities provided by research 
    using funds under such subsection.
        ``(F) A description of any modification to the mechanisms under 
    subsection (a) that would improve the efficiency of the authority 
    under such subsection to support military missions.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 2362 the following new item:

``2363. Mechanisms to provide funds for defense laboratories for 
          research and development of technologies for military 
          missions.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 219 of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 
110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), is hereby repealed.
    (2) Section 2805(d)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``under section 219(a) of the Duncan Hunter 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 
110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note)'' and inserting ``section 2363(a) of this 
title''.
    SEC. 221. EXPANSION OF DEFINITION OF COMPETITIVE PROCEDURES TO 
      INCLUDE COMPETITIVE SELECTION FOR AWARD OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
      PROPOSALS.
    Section 2302(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``basic research'' and inserting ``science and technology''.
    SEC. 222. INCLUSION OF MODELING AND SIMULATION IN TEST AND 
      EVALUATION ACTIVITIES FOR PURPOSES OF PLANNING AND BUDGET 
      CERTIFICATION.
    Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d)(1), in the first sentence, by inserting 
    ``, including modeling and simulation capabilities'' after ``and 
    resources''; and
        (2) in subsection (e)(1), by inserting ``, including modeling 
    and simulation activities,'' after ``evaluation activities''.
    SEC. 223. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35 JOINT STRIKE 
      FIGHTER FOLLOW-ON MODERNIZATION.
    (a) In General.--Not more than 25 percent of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2018 or any other fiscal year for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated for F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Follow-On Modernization until 
the Secretary of Defense provides the final report required under 
section 224(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).
    (b) Dual Capable Aircraft.--Neither the limitation in subsection 
(a) nor the limitation in section 224(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 shall be construed to limit or 
otherwise restrict any funding that is required to develop, certify, or 
deliver F-35A dual capable aircraft.
    SEC. 224. IMPROVEMENT OF UPDATE PROCESS FOR POPULATING MISSION DATA 
      FILES USED IN ADVANCED COMBAT AIRCRAFT.
    (a) Improvements To Update Process.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall take such 
    actions as may be necessary to improve the process used to update 
    the mission data files used in advanced combat aircraft of the 
    United States so that such updates can occur more quickly.
        (2) Requirements.--In improving the process under paragraph 
    (1), the Secretary shall ensure the following:
            (A) That under such process, updates to the mission data 
        files are developed, operationally tested, and loaded onto 
        systems of advanced combat aircraft while in theaters of 
        operation in a time-sensitive manner to allow for the 
        distinguishing of threats, including distinguishing friends 
        from foes, loading and delivery of weapon suites, and 
        coordination with allied and coalition armed forces.
            (B) When updates are made to the mission data files, all 
        areas of responsibility (AoRs) are included.
            (C) The process includes best practices relating to such 
        mission data files that have been identified by industry and 
        allies of the United States.
            (D) The process improves the exchange of information 
        between weapons systems of the United States and weapon systems 
        of allies and partners of the United States, with respect to 
        such mission data files.
    (b) Consultation and Pilot Programs.--In carrying out subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consult the innovation organizations resident 
in the Department of Defense and may consider carrying out a pilot 
program under another provision of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 31, 2018, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the actions 
taken by the Secretary under subsection (a)(1) and how the process 
described in such subsection has been improved.
    SEC. 225. SUPPORT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION AND 
      ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION.
    (a) Support Authorized.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, acting through 
    the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
    support national security innovation and entrepreneurial education 
    programs.
        (2) Elements.--Support under paragraph (1) may include the 
    following:
            (A) Materials to recruit participants, including veterans, 
        for programs described in paragraph (1).
            (B) Model curriculum for such programs.
            (C) Training materials for such programs.
            (D) Best practices for the conduct of such programs.
            (E) Experimental learning opportunities for program 
        participants to interact with operational forces and better 
        understand national security challenges.
            (F) Exchanges and partnerships with Department of Defense 
        science and technology activities.
            (G) Activities consistent with the Proof of Concept 
        Commercialization Pilot Program established under section 1603 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
        (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).
    (b) Consultation.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
may consult with the heads of such Federal agencies, universities, and 
public and private entities engaged in the development of advanced 
technologies as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
    (c) Authorities.--The Secretary may--
        (1) develop and maintain metrics to assess national security 
    innovation and entrepreneurial education activities to ensure 
    standards for programs supported under subsection (b) are 
    consistent and being met; and
        (2) ensure that any recipient of an award under the Small 
    Business Technology Transfer program, the Small Business Innovation 
    Research program, and science and technology programs of the 
    Department of Defense has the option to participate in training 
    under a national security innovation and entrepreneurial education 
    program supported under subsection (b).
    (d) Participation by Federal Employees and Members of the Armed 
Forces.--The Secretary may encourage Federal employees and members of 
the Armed Forces to participate in a national security innovation and 
entrepreneurial education program supported under subsection (a) in 
order to gain exposure to modern innovation and entrepreneurial 
methodologies.
    (e) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
shall consider coordinating and partnering with activities and 
organizations involved in the following:
        (1) Hack the Army.
        (2) Hack the Air Force.
        (3) Hack the Pentagon.
        (4) The Army Digital Service.
        (5) The Defense Digital Service.
        (6) The Air Force Digital Service.
        (7) Challenge and prize competitions of the Defense Advanced 
    Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
        (8) The Defense Science Study Group.
        (9) The Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR).
        (10) The Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR).
        (11) War colleges of the military departments.
        (12) Hacking for Defense.
        (13) The National Security Science and Engineering Faculty 
    Fellowship (NSSEFF) program.
        (14) The Science, Mathematics and Research for Transformation 
    (SMART) scholarship program.
        (15) The young faculty award program of the Defense Advanced 
    Research Projects Agency.
    SEC. 226. LIMITATION ON CANCELLATION OF DESIGNATION EXECUTIVE AGENT 
      FOR A CERTAIN DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT PROGRAM.
    (a) Limitation on Cancellation of Designation.--The Secretary of 
Defense may not implement the decision, issued on July 1, 2017, to 
cancel the designation, under Department of Defense Directive 4400.1E, 
entitled ``Defense Production Act Programs'' and dated October 12, 
2001, of the currently assigned Department of Defense Executive Agent 
for the program carried out under title III of the Defense Production 
Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4531 et seq.) until the Secretary has--
        (1) completed the review and assessment required by subsection 
    (b)(1); and
        (2) carried out the briefing required by subsection (c).
    (b) Review and Assessment Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
    the Secretary of the Air Force, shall conduct a review and 
    assessment of the program described in subsection (a).
        (2) Elements.--The review and assessment required by paragraph 
    (1) shall include the following:
            (A) Assessment of the current management structure for the 
        program, including analysis of the mechanisms for 
        accountability, as well as cost and management controls 
        currently in place.
            (B) Analysis of alternatives for proposals to modify that 
        management structure to increase accountability, cost and 
        management controls. Such analysis of alternatives should 
        consider the relative merits of centralization and 
        decentralization, roles of other military departments in 
        program management and contracting, as well as the different 
        roles the Office of the Secretary of Defense might play in 
        management, oversight and execution.
            (C) Recommendations for improving the assessment and 
        selection of projects in order to--
                (i) ensure that projects selected are appropriate for 
            use of funds appropriated to carry out title III of the 
            Defense Production Act of 1950;
                (ii) ensure that sufficient vetting and management 
            controls are in place to ensure a reasonable degree of 
            confidence that project ideas or the companies being 
            supported will be viable; and
                (iii) increase overall successful execution for 
            selected projects.
            (D) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (c) Briefing Required.--The Secretary shall brief the appropriate 
Committees of Congress on the findings of the Secretary with respect to 
the review and assessment conducted under subsection (b).
    (d) Notification Required.--In the event the Secretary of Defense 
decides to cancel the designation, under Department of Defense 
Directive 4400.1E, entitled ``Defense Production Act Programs'' and 
dated October 12, 2001, of the currently assigned Department of Defense 
Executive Agent for the program described in subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
written notification of such decision at least 60 days before the 
decision goes into effect.
    (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means the--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Financial Services of the House of Representatives.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 231. COLUMBIA-CLASS PROGRAM ACCOUNTABILITY MATRICES.
    (a) Submittal of Matrices.--Concurrent with the President's annual 
budget request submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, for fiscal year 2019, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees and the 
Comptroller General of the United States the matrices described in 
subsection (b) relating to the Columbia-class program.
    (b) Matrices Described.--The matrices described in this subsection 
are the following:
        (1) Design and construction goals.--A matrix that identifies, 
    in six-month increments, key milestones, development events, and 
    specific performance goals for the design and construction of the 
    Columbia-class program, which shall be subdivided, at a minimum, 
    according to the following:
            (A) Technology-readiness levels of major components and key 
        demonstration events.
            (B) Design maturity.
            (C) Manufacturing-readiness levels for critical 
        manufacturing operations and key demonstration events.
            (D) Manufacturing operations.
            (E) Reliability.
        (2) Cost.--A matrix expressing, in annual increments, the total 
    cost phased over the entire Columbia-class design and construction 
    period of--
            (A) the Navy service cost position for the prime 
        contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and construction 
        activities, including the estimated price at completion for 
        each submarine and confidence level of this estimate;
            (B) the program manager's estimate for the prime 
        contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and construction 
        activities, including the estimated price and variance at 
        completion for each submarine; and
            (C) the prime contractor's estimate for the prime 
        contractor's portion of Columbia-class design and construction 
        activities, including the estimated price and variance at 
        completion for each submarine.
    (c) Update of Matrices.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
    which the Secretary of the Navy submits the matrices required by 
    subsection (a), and concurrent with the submittal of each annual 
    budget request to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United 
    States Code, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 request, the 
    Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees and the Comptroller General of the United States updates 
    to the matrices described in subsection (b).
        (2) Elements.--Each update submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
    detail progress made toward the goals identified in the matrix 
    described in subsection (b)(1) and provide updated cost data as 
    prescribed in subsection (b)(2).
        (3) Treatment of initial matrices as baseline.--The matrices 
    submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall be treated as the 
    baseline for the full Columbia-class design and construction period 
    for purposes of the updates submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) of 
    this subsection.
        (4) Report termination.--The report required under paragraph 
    (1) shall terminate upon delivery of the first Columbia-class 
    submarine.
    (d) Assessment by Comptroller General of the United States.--Not 
later than 90 days after the date on which the Comptroller General of 
the United States receives an update to a matrix under subsection 
(c)(1), the Comptroller General shall review such matrix and provide to 
the congressional defense committees an assessment of such matrix in 
whatever form that the Comptroller General deems appropriate.
    (e) Repeal of Report Requirement.--Section 131 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (129 Stat. 754; Public 
Law 114-92) is hereby repealed.
    (f) Major Component Defined.--In this section, the term ``major 
component'' includes, at a minimum, the integrated power system, 
nuclear reactor, propulsor and related coordinated stern features, 
stern area system, and common missile compartment.
    SEC. 232. REVIEW OF BARRIERS TO INNOVATION IN RESEARCH AND 
      ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall review 
directives, rules, regulations, and other policies that adversely 
affect the ability of the innovation, research, and engineering 
enterprise of the Department of Defense to effectively and efficiently 
execute its missions, including policies and practices concerning the 
following:
        (1) Personnel and talent management.
        (2) Financial management and budgeting.
        (3) Infrastructure, installations, and military construction.
        (4) Acquisition.
        (5) Management.
        (6) Such other areas as the Secretary may designate.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on--
        (1) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the review 
    conducted under subsection (a);
        (2) proposed changes in directives, rules, regulations, and 
    other policies that will enhance the ability of the innovation, 
    research, and engineering enterprise of the Department to executive 
    its designated missions, including a description of how proposed 
    changes have been coordinated with other appropriate Secretaries of 
    the military departments and the appropriate heads of the defense 
    agencies; and
        (3) processes by which new directives, rules, regulations, and 
    other policies will be reviewed for their potential to adversely 
    affect the ability of the innovation, research, and engineering 
    enterprise of the Department and the lead official designated to 
    execute such review in consultation with other relevant and 
    appropriate Secretaries of the military departments and heads of 
    defense agencies.
    SEC. 233. PILOT PROGRAM TO IMPROVE INCENTIVES FOR TECHNOLOGY 
      TRANSFER FROM DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot 
program to assess the feasibility and advisability of distributing 
royalties and other payments as described in this section. Under the 
pilot program, except as provided in subsections (b) and (d), any 
royalties or other payments received by a Federal agency from the 
licensing and assignment of inventions under agreements entered into by 
Department of Defense laboratories, and from the licensing of 
inventions of Department of Defense laboratories, shall be retained by 
the laboratory which produced the invention and shall be disposed of as 
follows:
        (1)(A) The laboratory director shall pay each year the first 
    $2,000, and thereafter at least 20 percent, of the royalties or 
    other payments, other than payments of patent costs as delineated 
    by a license or assignment agreement, to the inventor or 
    coinventors, if the inventor's or coinventor's rights are directly 
    assigned to the United States.
        (B) A laboratory director may provide appropriate incentives, 
    from royalties or other payments, to laboratory employees who are 
    not an inventor of such inventions but who substantially increased 
    the technical value of the inventions.
        (C) The laboratory shall retain the royalties and other 
    payments received from an invention until the laboratory makes 
    payments to employees of a laboratory under subparagraph (A) or 
    (B).
        (2) The balance of the royalties or other payments shall be 
    transferred by the agency to its laboratories, with the majority 
    share of the royalties or other payments from any invention going 
    to the laboratory where the invention occurred. The royalties or 
    other payments so transferred to any laboratory may be used or 
    obligated by that laboratory during the fiscal year in which they 
    are received or during the 2 succeeding fiscal years--
            (A) to reward scientific, engineering, and technical 
        employees of the laboratory, including developers of sensitive 
        or classified technology, regardless of whether the technology 
        has commercial applications;
            (B) to further scientific exchange among the laboratories 
        of the agency;
            (C) for education and training of employees consistent with 
        the research and development missions and objectives of the 
        agency or laboratory, and for other activities that increase 
        the potential for transfer of the technology of the 
        laboratories of the agency;
            (D) for payment of expenses incidental to the 
        administration and licensing of intellectual property by the 
        agency or laboratory with respect to inventions made at that 
        laboratory, including the fees or other costs for the services 
        of other agencies, persons, or organizations for intellectual 
        property management and licensing services; or
            (E) for scientific research and development consistent with 
        the research and development missions and objectives of the 
        laboratory.
        (3) All royalties or other payments retained by the laboratory 
    after payments have been made pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) 
    that are unobligated and unexpended at the end of the second fiscal 
    year succeeding the fiscal year in which the royalties and other 
    payments were received shall be paid into the Treasury of the 
    United States.
    (b) Treatment of Payments to Employees.--
        (1) In general.--Any payment made to an employee under the 
    pilot program shall be in addition to the regular pay of the 
    employee and to any other awards made to the employee, and shall 
    not affect the entitlement of the employee to any regular pay, 
    annuity, or award to which the employee is otherwise entitled or 
    for which the employee is otherwise eligible or limit the amount 
    thereof. Any payment made to an inventor as such shall continue 
    after the inventor leaves the laboratory.
        (2) Cumulative payments.--(A) Cumulative payments made under 
    the pilot program while the inventor is still employed at the 
    laboratory shall not exceed $500,000 per year to any one person, 
    unless the Secretary concerned (as defined in section 101(a) of 
    title 10, United States Code) approves a larger award.
        (B) Cumulative payments made under the pilot program after the 
    inventor leaves the laboratory shall not exceed $150,000 per year 
    to any one person, unless the head of the agency approves a larger 
    award (with the excess over $150,000 being treated as an agency 
    award to a former employee under section 4505 of title 5, United 
    States Code).
    (c) Invention Management Services.--Under the pilot program, a 
laboratory receiving royalties or other payments as a result of 
invention management services performed for another Federal agency or 
laboratory under section 207 of title 35, United States Code, may 
retain such royalties or payments to the extent required to offset 
payments to inventors under subparagraph (A) of subsection (a)(1), 
costs and expenses incurred under subparagraph (D) of subsection 
(a)(2), and the cost of foreign patenting and maintenance for any 
invention of the other agency. All royalties and other payments 
remaining after offsetting the payments to inventors, costs, and 
expenses described in the preceding sentence shall be transferred to 
the agency for which the services were performed, for distribution in 
accordance with subsection (a)(2).
    (d) Certain Assignments.--Under the pilot program, if the invention 
involved was one assigned to the laboratory--
        (1) by a contractor, grantee, or participant, or an employee of 
    a contractor, grantee, or participant, in an agreement or other 
    arrangement with the agency; or
        (2) by an employee of the agency who was not working in the 
    laboratory at the time the invention was made,
the agency unit that was involved in such assignment shall be 
considered to be a laboratory for purposes of this section.
    (e) Sunset.--The pilot program under this section shall terminate 5 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 234. COMPETITIVE ACQUISITION PLAN FOR LOW PROBABILITY OF 
      DETECTION DATA LINK NETWORKS.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff shall jointly, in consultation with the Secretary of the Navy and 
the Secretary of the Air Force, develop a plan to procure a secure, low 
probability of detection data link network capability with the ability 
to effectively operate in hostile jamming environments while preserving 
the low observable characteristics of the relevant platforms, between 
existing and planned--
        (1) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
        (2) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft;
        (3) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft and 
    appropriate support aircraft and other network nodes for command, 
    control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, and 
    reconnaissance purposes; and
        (4) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat aircraft and 
    their associated network-enabled precision weapons.
    (b) Additional Plan Requirements.--The plan required by subsection 
(a) shall include--
        (1) nonproprietary and open systems approaches compatible with 
    the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission Systems initiative of 
    the Air Force and the Future Airborne Capability Environment 
    initiative of the Navy;
        (2) a competitive acquisition process, to include comparative 
    flight demonstrations in realistic airborne environments; and
        (3) low risk and affordable solutions with minimal impact or 
    changes to existing host platforms, and minimal overall integration 
    costs.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than February 15, 2018, the Under 
Secretary and the Vice Chairman shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees a potential acquisition strategy and briefing on the 
plan developed under subsection (a).
    (d) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for operations and 
maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the 
Office of the Secretary of the Navy, not more than 85 percent may be 
obligated or expended until a period of 15 days has elapsed following 
the date on which the Under Secretary and Vice Chairman submits to the 
congressional defense committees the plan required by subsection (a).
    SEC. 235. CLARIFICATION OF SELECTION DATES FOR PILOT PROGRAM FOR 
      THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND 
      EVALUATION CENTERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``the enactment of this 
    Act'' both places it appears and inserting ``such submittal''; and
        (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``propose and implement'' 
    and inserting ``submit to the Assistant Secretary concerned a 
    proposal on, and implement,''.
    SEC. 236. REQUIREMENT FOR A PLAN TO BUILD A PROTOTYPE FOR A NEW 
      GROUND COMBAT VEHICLE FOR THE ARMY.
    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
the Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan to 
build a prototype for a new ground combat vehicle for the Army.
    (b) Contents.--The plan required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A description of how the Secretary intends to exploit the 
    latest enabling component technologies that have the potential to 
    dramatically change basic combat vehicle design and improve 
    lethality, protection, mobility, range, and sustainment, including 
    an analysis of capabilities of the most advanced foreign ground 
    combat vehicles and whether any have characteristics that should 
    inform the development of the Army's prototype vehicle, including 
    whether any United States allies or partners have advanced 
    capabilities that could be directly incorporated in the prototype.
        (2) The schedule, cost, key milestones, and leadership plan to 
    rapidly design and build the prototype ground combat vehicle.
    SEC. 237. PLAN FOR SUCCESSFULLY FIELDING THE INTEGRATED AIR AND 
      MISSILE DEFENSE BATTLE COMMAND SYSTEM.
    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the Secretary 
of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan 
to successfully field a suitable, survivable, and effective Integrated 
Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System program.
    (b) Limitation.--Not more than 50 percent of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act for research, development, test, and 
evaluation may be obligated by the Secretary of the Army for the Army 
Integrated Air and Missile Defense and the Integrated Air and Missile 
Defense Battle Command System until the date on which the plan is 
submitted under subsection (a).

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
          Clearinghouse.
Sec. 312. Energy performance goals and master plan.
Sec. 313. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
          penalty in connection with Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon.
Sec. 314. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
          penalty in connection with Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, 
          Texas.
Sec. 315. Department of the Army cleanup and removal of petroleum, oil, 
          and lubricant associated with the Prinz Eugen.
Sec. 316. Centers for Disease Control study on health implications of 
          per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking 
          water.
Sec. 317. Sentinel Landscapes Partnership.
Sec. 318. Report on release of radium or radioactive material into the 
          groundwater near the industrial reserve plant in Bethpage, New 
          York.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration project.
Sec. 322. Increased percentage of sustainment funds authorized for 
          realignment to restoration and modernization at each 
          installation.
Sec. 323. Guidance regarding use of organic industrial base.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Quarterly reports on personnel and unit readiness.
Sec. 332. Biennial report on core depot-level maintenance and repair 
          capability.
Sec. 333. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment needs of 
          non-federalized National Guard.
Sec. 334. Annual report on military working dogs used by the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 335. Report on effects of climate change on Department of Defense.
Sec. 336. Report on optimization of training in and management of 
          special use airspace.
Sec. 337. Plan for modernized, dedicated Department of the Navy 
          adversary air training enterprise.
Sec. 338. Updated guidance regarding biennial core report.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Explosive safety board.
Sec. 342. Servicewomen's commemorative partnerships.
Sec. 343. Limitation on availability of funds for advanced skills 
          management software system of the Navy.
Sec. 344. Cost-benefit analysis of uniform specifications for Afghan 
          military or security forces.
Sec. 345. Temporary installation reutilization authority for arsenals, 
          depots, and plants.
Sec. 346. Comprehensive plan for sharing depot-level maintenance best 
          practices.
Sec. 347. Pilot program for operation and maintenance budget 
          presentation.
Sec. 348. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 349. Department of the Navy marksmanship awards.
Sec. 350. Civilian training for National Guard pilots and sensor 
          operator aircrews of MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicles.
Sec. 351. Training for National Guard personnel on wildfire response.
Sec. 352. Modification of the Second Division Memorial.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

    SEC. 311. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE SITING 
      CLEARINGHOUSE.
    (a) Codification.--Chapter 7 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 183 the following new section:
``Sec. 183a. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse 
    for review of mission obstructions
    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting Clearinghouse (in 
this section referred to as the `Clearinghouse').
    ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall be--
        ``(A) organized under the authority, direction, and control of 
    an Assistant Secretary of Defense designated by the Secretary; and
        ``(B) assigned such personnel and resources as the Secretary 
    considers appropriate to carry out this section.
    ``(b) Functions.--(1) The Clearinghouse shall coordinate Department 
of Defense review of applications for energy projects filed with the 
Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49 and 
received by the Department of Defense from the Secretary of 
Transportation. In performing such coordination, the Clearinghouse 
shall provide procedures to ensure affected local military 
installations are consulted.
    ``(2) The Clearinghouse shall accelerate the development of 
planning tools necessary to determine the acceptability to the 
Department of Defense of proposals included in an application for an 
energy project submitted pursuant to such section.
    ``(3) The Clearinghouse shall perform such other functions as the 
Secretary of Defense assigns.
    ``(c) Review of Proposed Actions.--(1) Not later than 60 days after 
receiving from the Secretary of Transportation a proper application for 
an energy project under section 44718 of title 49 that may have an 
adverse impact on military operations and readiness, the Clearinghouse 
shall conduct a preliminary review of such application. The review 
shall--
        ``(A) assess the likely scope, duration, and level of risk of 
    any adverse impact of such energy project on military operations 
    and readiness; and
        ``(B) identify any feasible and affordable actions that could 
    be taken by the Department, the developer of such energy project, 
    or others to mitigate the adverse impact and to minimize risks to 
    national security while allowing the energy project to proceed with 
    development.
    ``(2) If the Clearinghouse finds under paragraph (1) that an energy 
project will have an adverse impact on military operations and 
readiness, the Clearinghouse shall issue to the applicant a notice of 
presumed risk that describes the concerns identified by the Department 
in the preliminary review and requests a discussion of possible 
mitigation actions.
    ``(3) At the same time that the Clearinghouse issues to the 
applicant a notice of presumed risk under paragraph (2), the 
Clearinghouse shall provide the same notice to the governor of the 
State in which the project is located and request that the governor 
provide the Clearinghouse any comments the governor believes of 
relevance to the application. The Secretary of Defense shall consider 
the comments of the governor in the Secretary's evaluation of whether 
the project presents an unacceptable risk to the national security of 
the United States and shall include the comments with the finding 
provided to the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
44718(f) of title 49.
    ``(4) The Clearinghouse shall develop, in coordination with other 
departments and agencies of the Federal Government, an integrated 
review process to ensure timely notification and consideration of 
energy projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 
section 44718 of title 49 that may have an adverse impact on military 
operations and readiness.
    ``(5) The Clearinghouse shall establish procedures for the 
Department of Defense for the coordinated consideration of and response 
to a request for a review received from another Federal agency, a State 
government, an Indian tribal government, a local government, a 
landowner, or the developer of an energy project, including guidance to 
personnel at each military installation in the United States on how to 
initiate such procedures and ensure a coordinated Department response.
    ``(6) The Clearinghouse shall develop procedures for conducting 
early outreach to parties carrying out energy projects that could have 
an adverse impact on military operations and readiness and to clearly 
communicate to such parties actions being taken by the Department of 
Defense under this section. The procedures shall provide for filing by 
such parties of a project area and preliminary project layout at least 
one year before expected construction of any project proposed within a 
military training route or within line-of-sight of any air route 
surveillance radar or airport surveillance radar operated or used by 
the Department of Defense in order to provide adequate time for 
analysis and negotiation of mitigation options. Material marked as 
proprietary or competition sensitive by a party filing for this 
preliminary review shall be protected from public release by the 
Department of Defense.
    ``(d) Comprehensive Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop a comprehensive strategy for addressing the impacts upon the 
military of projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation 
pursuant to section 44718 of title 49.
    ``(2) In developing the strategy required by paragraph (1), the 
Secretary shall--
        ``(A) assess the magnitude of interference posed by projects 
    filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
    44718 of title 49;
        ``(B) solely for the purpose of informing preliminary reviews 
    under subsection (c)(1) and early outreach efforts under subsection 
    (c)(5), identify distinct geographic areas selected as proposed 
    locations for projects filed, or for projects that are reasonably 
    expected to be filed in the near future, with the Secretary of 
    Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49 where the 
    Secretary of Defense can demonstrate such projects could have an 
    adverse impact on military operations and readiness, including 
    military training routes, and categorize the risk of adverse impact 
    in such areas;
        ``(C) develop procedures for the initial identification of such 
    geographic areas identified under subparagraph (B), to include a 
    process to provide notice and seek public comment prior to making a 
    final designation of the geographic areas, including maps of the 
    area and the basis for identification;
        ``(D) develop procedures to periodically review and modify, 
    consistent with the notice and public comment process under 
    subparagraph (C), geographic areas identified under subparagraph 
    (B) and to solicit and identify additional geographic areas as 
    appropriate;
        ``(E) at the conclusion of the notice and public comment period 
    conducted under subparagraph (C), make a final finding on the 
    designation of a geographic area of concern or delegate the 
    authority to make such finding to a Deputy Secretary of Defense, an 
    Under Secretary of Defense, or a Principal Deputy Under Secretary 
    of Defense; and
        ``(F) specifically identify feasible and affordable long-term 
    actions that may be taken to mitigate adverse impacts of projects 
    filed, or which may be filed in the future, with the Secretary of 
    Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, on military 
    operations and readiness, including--
            ``(i) investment priorities of the Department of Defense 
        with respect to research and development;
            ``(ii) modifications to military operations to accommodate 
        applications for such projects;
            ``(iii) recommended upgrades or modifications to existing 
        systems or procedures by the Department of Defense;
            ``(iv) acquisition of new systems by the Department and 
        other departments and agencies of the Federal Government and 
        timelines for fielding such new systems; and
            ``(v) modifications to the projects for which such 
        applications are filed with the Secretary of Transportation 
        pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, including changes in 
        size, location, or technology.
    ``(3) The Clearinghouse shall make access to data reflecting 
geographic areas identified under subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) and 
reviewed and modified under subparagraph (C) of such paragraph 
available online.
    ``(e) Department of Defense Finding of Unacceptable Risk.--(1) The 
Secretary of Defense may not object to an energy project filed with the 
Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, 
except in a case in which the Secretary of Defense determines, after 
giving full consideration to mitigation actions identified pursuant to 
this section, that such project, in isolation or cumulatively with 
other projects, would result in an unacceptable risk to the national 
security of the United States. The Secretary of Defense's finding of 
unacceptable risk to national security shall be transmitted to the 
Secretary of Transportation for inclusion in the report required under 
section 44718(b)(2) of title 49.
    ``(2)(A) Not later than 30 days after making a finding of 
unacceptable risk under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a 
report on such finding and the basis for such finding. Such report 
shall include an explanation of the operational impact that led to the 
finding, a discussion of the mitigation options considered, and an 
explanation of why the mitigation options were not feasible or did not 
resolve the conflict. The report may include a classified annex. 
Unclassified reports shall also be provided to the project proponent. 
The Secretary of Defense may provide public notice through the Federal 
Register of the finding.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall notify the appropriate State 
agency of a finding made under paragraph (1).
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may only delegate the responsibility 
for making a finding of unacceptable risk under paragraph (1) to the 
Deputy Secretary of Defense, an under secretary of defense, or a deputy 
under secretary of defense.
    ``(4) The Clearinghouse shall develop procedures for making a 
finding of unacceptable risk, including with respect to how to 
implement cumulative effects analysis. Such procedures shall be subject 
to public comment prior to finalization.
    ``(f) Authority to Accept Contributions of Funds.--The Secretary of 
Defense is authorized to request and accept a voluntary contribution of 
funds from an applicant for a project filed with the Secretary of 
Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49. Amounts so 
accepted shall remain available until expended for the purpose of 
offsetting the cost of measures undertaken by the Secretary of Defense 
to mitigate adverse impacts of such a project on military operations 
and readiness or to conduct studies of potential measures to mitigate 
such impacts.
    ``(g) Effect of Department of Defense Hazard Assessment.--An action 
taken pursuant to this section shall not be considered to be a 
substitute for any assessment or determination required of the 
Secretary of Transportation under section 44718 of title 49.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `adverse impact on military operations and 
    readiness' means any adverse impact upon military operations and 
    readiness, including flight operations, research, development, 
    testing, and evaluation, and training, that is demonstrable and is 
    likely to impair or degrade the ability of the armed forces to 
    perform their warfighting missions.
        ``(2) The term `energy project' means a project that provides 
    for the generation or transmission of electrical energy.
        ``(3) The term `landowner' means a person that owns a fee 
    interest in real property on which a proposed energy project is 
    planned to be located.
        ``(4) The term `military installation' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 2801(c)(4) of this title.
        ``(5) The term `military readiness' includes any training or 
    operation that could be related to combat readiness, including 
    testing and evaluation activities.
        ``(6) The term `military training route' means a training route 
    developed as part of the Military Training Route Program, carried 
    out jointly by the Federal Aviation Administration and the 
    Secretary of Defense, for use by the armed forces for the purpose 
    of conducting low-altitude, high-speed military training.
        ``(7) The term `unacceptable risk to the national security of 
    the United States' means the construction, alteration, 
    establishment, or expansion, or the proposed construction, 
    alteration, establishment, or expansion, of a structure or sanitary 
    landfill, that the Secretary of Defense can demonstrate would--
            ``(A) endanger safety in air commerce directly related to 
        the activities of the Department of Defense;
            ``(B) interfere with the efficient use of the navigable 
        airspace directly related to the activities of the Department 
        of Defense; or
            ``(C) significantly impair or degrade the capability of the 
        Department of Defense to conduct training, research, 
        development, testing, and evaluation, and operations or to 
        maintain military readiness.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Repeal of existing provision.--Section 358 of the Ike 
    Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (49 
    U.S.C. 44718 note) is repealed.
        (2) Cross-reference in title 49, united states code.--Section 
    44718(f) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
    ``and in accordance with section 183a(e) of title 10'' after 
    ``conducted under subsection (b)''.
        (3) Reference to definitions.--Section 44718(g) of title 49, 
    United States Code, is amended by striking ``211.3 of title 32, 
    Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on January 6, 2014'' both 
    places it appears and inserting ``183a(g) of title 10''.
        (4) Table of sections amendment.--The table of sections at the 
    beginning of chapter 7 of title 10 is amended by inserting after 
    the item relating to section 183 the following new item:

``183a. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Siting 
          Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.''.

    (c) Applicability of Existing Rules and Regulations.--
Notwithstanding the amendments made by subsection (a), any rule or 
regulation promulgated to carry out section 358 of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (49 U.S.C. 
44718 note), that is in effect on the day before the date of the 
enactment of this Act shall continue in effect and apply to the extent 
such rule or regulation is consistent with the authority under section 
183a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), until 
such rule or regulation is otherwise amended or repealed.
    (d) Deadline for Initial Identification of Geographic Areas.--The 
initial identification of geographic areas under section 183a(d)(2)(B) 
of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall be 
completed not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
    (e) Conforming Amendment Regarding Critical Military-use Airspace 
Areas.--Section 44718 of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
subsection (b)(3), is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(g) Special Rule for Identified Geographic Areas.--In the case of 
a proposed structure to be located within a geographic area identified 
under section 183a(d)(2)(B) of title 10, the Secretary of 
Transportation may not issue a determination pursuant to this section 
until the Secretary of Defense issues a finding under section 183a(e) 
of title 10, the Secretary of Defense advises the Secretary of 
Transportation that no finding under section 183a(e) of title 10 will 
be forthcoming, or 180 days have lapsed since the project was filed 
with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to this section, 
whichever occurs first.''.
    SEC. 312. ENERGY PERFORMANCE GOALS AND MASTER PLAN.
    Section 2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the end 
    the following: ``, the future demand for energy, and the 
    requirements for the use of energy'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``reduce the future demand 
    and the requirements for the use of energy'' and inserting 
    ``enhance energy resilience to ensure the Department of Defense has 
    the ability to prepare for and recover from energy disruptions that 
    affect mission assurance on military installations''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(13) Opportunities to leverage financing provided by a non-
    Department entity to address installation energy needs.''.
    SEC. 313. PAYMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF STIPULATED 
      PENALTY IN CONNECTION WITH UMATILLA CHEMICAL DEPOT, OREGON.
    (a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
        (1) Transfer amount.--The Secretary of the Army may transfer an 
    amount of not more than $125,000 to the Hazardous Substance 
    Superfund established under subchapter A of chapter 98 of the 
    Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Any such transfer shall be made 
    without regard to section 2215 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under subsection (a) shall 
    be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
    otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for Base Realignment 
    and Closure, Army.
    (b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) shall be 
for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty assessed by the 
Environmental Protection Agency in the settlement agreement approved by 
the Army on July 14, 2016, against the Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon 
under the Federal Facility Agreement between the Army and the 
Environmental Protection Agency dated September 19, 1989.
    (c) Acceptance of Payment.--If the Secretary of the Army makes a 
transfer under subsection (a), the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency shall accept the amount transferred as payment in 
full of the penalty referred to in subsection (b).
    SEC. 314. PAYMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF STIPULATED 
      PENALTY IN CONNECTION WITH LONGHORN ARMY AMMUNITION PLANT, TEXAS.
    (a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
        (1) Transfer amount.--The Secretary of the Army may transfer an 
    amount of not more than $1,185,000 to the Hazardous Substance 
    Superfund established under subchapter A of chapter 98 of the 
    Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Any such transfer shall be made 
    without regard to section 2215 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under subsection (a) shall 
    be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
    otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for Environmental 
    Restoration, Army.
    (b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) shall be 
for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty assessed by the 
Environmental Protection Agency on April 5, 2013, against Longhorn Army 
Ammunition Plant, Texas, under the Federal Facility Agreement for 
Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, which was entered into between the Army 
and the Environmental Protection Agency in 1991.
    (c) Acceptance of Payment.--If the Secretary of the Army makes a 
transfer under subsection (a), the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency shall accept the amount transferred as payment in 
full of the penalty referred to in subsection (b).
    SEC. 315. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLEANUP AND REMOVAL OF PETROLEUM, 
      OIL, AND LUBRICANT ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRINZ EUGEN.
    (a) Authority.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of the Army may by used for all necessary expenses for the 
removal and cleanup of petroleum, oil, and lubricants associated with 
the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, which was transferred from the United 
States to the Republic of the Marshall Islands in 1986.
    (b) Certification.--If the Secretary of the Army does not use the 
authority provided by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit a 
certification to the congressional defense committees not later than 
September 30, 2018, that the petroleum, oil, and lubricants associated 
with the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen do not adversely impact safety or 
military operations.
    SEC. 316. CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL STUDY ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS 
      OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING 
      WATER.
    (a) Study on Human Health Implications.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, 
    acting through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and 
    the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, and, as 
    appropriate, the National Institute of Environmental Health 
    Sciences, and in consultation with the Department of Defense, 
    shall--
            (A) commence a study on the human health implications of 
        per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) contamination in 
        drinking water, ground water, and any other sources of water 
        and relevant exposure pathways, including the cumulative human 
        health implications of multiple types of PFAS contamination at 
        levels above and below health advisory levels;
            (B) not later than 5 years after the date of enactment of 
        this Act (or 7 years after such date of enactment after 
        providing notice to the appropriate congressional committees of 
        the need for the delay)--
                (i) complete such study and make any appropriate 
            recommendations; and
                (ii) submit a report to the appropriate congressional 
            committees on the results of such study; and
            (C) not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, and annually thereafter until submission of the 
        report under subparagraph (B)(ii), submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on the progress of the study.
        (2) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
    this Act for the Department of Defense, $7,000,000 shall be 
    available to carry out the study under this subsection.
        (3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
    means--
            (A) the congressional defense committees;
            (B) the Committee on Heath, Education, Labor, and Pensions, 
        the Committee on Environment and Public Works, and the 
        Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate; and
            (C) the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Committee 
        on Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives.
    (b) Exposure Assessment.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Health and Human Services, 
    acting through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and 
    the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, and, as 
    appropriate, the National Institute of Environmental Health 
    Sciences, and in consultation with the Department of Defense, shall 
    conduct an exposure assessment of no less than 8 current or former 
    domestic military installations known to have PFAS contamination in 
    drinking water, ground water, and any other sources of water and 
    relevant exposure pathways.
        (2) Contents.--The exposure assessment required under this 
    subsection shall--
            (A) include--
                (i) for each military installation covered under the 
            exposure assessment, a statistical sample to be determined 
            by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in 
            consultation with the relevant State health departments; 
            and
                (ii) bio-monitoring for assessing the contamination 
            described in paragraph (1); and
            (B) produce findings, which shall be--
                (i) used to help design the study described in 
            subsection (a)(1)(A); and
                (ii) released to the appropriate congressional 
            committees not later than 1 year after the conclusion of 
            such exposure assessment.
        (3) Timing.--The exposure assessment required under this 
    subsection shall--
            (A) begin not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act; and
            (B) conclude not later than 2 years after such date of 
        enactment.
    (c) Coordination With Other Agencies.--The Agency for Toxic 
Substance and Disease Registry may, as necessary, use staff and other 
resources from other Federal agencies in carrying out the study under 
subsection (a) and the assessment under subsection (b).
    (d) No Effect on Regulatory Process.--The study and assessment 
conducted under this section shall not interfere with any regulatory 
processes of the Environmental Protection Agency, including 
determinations of maximum contaminant levels.
    SEC. 317. SENTINEL LANDSCAPES PARTNERSHIP.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior, may 
establish and carry out a program to preserve sentinel landscapes. The 
program shall be known as the ``Sentinel Landscapes Partnership''.
    (b) Designation of Sentinel Landscapes.--The Secretary of Defense, 
the Secretary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of the Interior, may, 
as the Secretaries determine appropriate, collectively designate one or 
more sentinel landscapes.
    (c) Coordination of Activities.--The Secretaries may coordinate 
actions between their departments and with other agencies and private 
organizations to more efficiently work together for the mutual benefit 
of conservation, working lands, and national defense, and to encourage 
private landowners to engage in voluntary land management and 
conservation activities that contribute to the sustainment of military 
installations, ranges, and airspace.
    (d) Priority Consideration.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the 
Secretary of the Interior may give to any eligible landowner or 
agricultural producer within a designated sentinel landscape priority 
consideration for participation in any easement, grant, or assistance 
programs administered by that Secretary's department. Participation in 
any such program pursuant to this section shall be voluntary.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Military installation.--The term ``military installation'' 
    has the same meaning as provided in section 670(1) of title 16, 
    United States Code.
        (2) State-owned national guard installation.--The term ``State-
    owned National Guard installation'' has the same meaning as 
    provided in section 670(3) of title 16, United States Code.
        (3) Sentinel landscape.--The term ``sentinel landscape'' means 
    a landscape-scale area encompassing--
            (A) one or more military installations or state-owned 
        National Guard installations and associated airspace; and
            (B) the working or natural lands that serve to protect and 
        support the rural economy, the natural environment, outdoor 
        recreation, and the national defense test and training missions 
        of the military- or State-owned National Guard installation or 
        installations.
    (f) Conforming Amendment.--Section 312(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 
729; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note) is repealed.
    SEC. 318. REPORT ON RELEASE OF RADIUM OR RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL INTO 
      THE GROUNDWATER NEAR THE INDUSTRIAL RESERVE PLANT IN BETHPAGE, 
      NEW YORK.
    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress an addendum to 
the report submitted to Congress in June 2017 entitled ``2017 Annual 
Report For Groundwater Impacts at Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve 
Plant Bethpage, New York'' that would detail any releases by the 
Department of Defense of radium or radioactive material into the 
groundwater within a 75-mile radius of the industrial reserve plant in 
Bethpage, New York.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

    SEC. 321. REAUTHORIZATION OF MULTI-TRADES DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.
    Section 338 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 5013 note), as most recently 
amended by section 321 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1694) is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
    ``2023''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
    ``2024''.
    SEC. 322. INCREASED PERCENTAGE OF SUSTAINMENT FUNDS AUTHORIZED FOR 
      REALIGNMENT TO RESTORATION AND MODERNIZATION AT EACH 
      INSTALLATION.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may authorize an 
installation commander to realign up to 7.5 percent of an 
installation's sustainment funds to restoration and modernization.
    (b) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall expire at the 
close of September 30, 2022.
    (c) Definitions.--The terms ``sustainment'', ``restoration'', and 
``modernization'' have the meanings given the terms in the Department 
of Defense Financial Management Regulation.
    SEC. 323. GUIDANCE REGARDING USE OF ORGANIC INDUSTRIAL BASE.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Army shall establish clear and prescriptive 
guidance on the process for conducting make-or-buy analyses for Army 
requirements, including the use of the organic industrial base.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

    SEC. 331. QUARTERLY REPORTS ON PERSONNEL AND UNIT READINESS.
    (a) Modification and Improvement.--Section 482 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``Each report'' and inserting ``The reports 
        for the first and third quarters of a calendar year''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
        reports for the second and fourth quarters of a calendar year 
        shall contain the information required by subsection (j).'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and Remedial 
        Actions'';
            (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``Each report'' and inserting ``A report for the second or 
        fourth quarter of a calendar year'';
            (C) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (D) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (E) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
        (3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
    inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a calendar 
    year'';
        (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``Each report'' and 
    inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a calendar 
    year'';
        (5) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
    inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a calendar 
    year'';
        (6) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
    inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a calendar 
    year''; and
        (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j) Remedial Actions.--A report for the first or third quarter of 
a calendar year shall include--
        ``(1) a description of the mitigation plans of the Secretary to 
    address readiness shortfalls and operational deficiencies 
    identified in the report submitted for the preceding calendar 
    quarter; and
        ``(2) for each such shortfall or deficiency, a timeline for 
    resolution, the cost necessary for such resolution, the mitigation 
    strategy the Department will employ until the resolution is in 
    place, and any legislative remedies required.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 117 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Quarterly''and 
        inserting ``Semi-annual''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``quarterly'' and 
        inserting ``semi-annual''; and
        (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``each quarter'' and 
    inserting ``semi-annually''.
    SEC. 332. BIENNIAL REPORT ON CORE DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE AND 
      REPAIR CAPABILITY.
    Section 2464(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(4) Any workload shortfalls at any work breakdown structure 
    category designated as a lower-level category pursuant to 
    Department of Defense Instruction 4151.20, or any successor 
    instruction.
        ``(5) A description of any workload executed at a category 
    designated as a first-level category pursuant to such Instruction, 
    or any successor instruction, that could be used to mitigate 
    shortfalls in similar categories.
        ``(6) A description of any progress made on implementing 
    mitigation plans developed pursuant to paragraph (3).
        ``(7) A description of core capability requirements and 
    corresponding workloads at the first level category.
        ``(8) In the case of any shortfall that is identified, a 
    description of the shortfall and an identification of the 
    subcategory of the work breakdown structure in which the shortfall 
    occurred.
        ``(9) In the case of any work breakdown structure category 
    designated as a special interest item or other pursuant to such 
    Instruction, or any successor instruction, an explanation for such 
    designation.
        ``(10) Whether the core depot-level maintenance and repair 
    capability requirements described in the report submitted under 
    this subsection for the preceding fiscal year have been 
    executed.''.
    SEC. 333. ANNUAL REPORT ON PERSONNEL, TRAINING, AND EQUIPMENT NEEDS 
      OF NON-FEDERALIZED NATIONAL GUARD.
    (a) Annual Report Required.--Section 10504 of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by section 1051, is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Report'' and 
        inserting ``Report on State of the National Guard''; and
            (B) by striking ``The report'' and inserting the following:
        ``(2) The annual report required by paragraph (1)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Annual Report on Non-federalized Service National Guard 
Personnel, Training, and Equipment Requirements.--(1) Not later than 
January 31 of each of calendar years 2018 through 2020, the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau, in coordination with the Secretary of 
Defense, shall submit to the recipients described in paragraph (3) a 
report that identifies the personnel, training, and equipment required 
by the non-Federalized National Guard--
            ``(A) to support civilian authorities in connection with 
        natural and man-made disasters during the covered period; and
            ``(B) to carry out prevention, protection, mitigation, 
        response, and recovery activities relating to such disasters 
        during the covered period.
    ``(2) In preparing each report under paragraph (1), the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau shall--
        ``(A) consult with the chief executive of each State, the 
    Council of Governors, and other appropriate civilian authorities;
        ``(B) collect and validate information from each State relating 
    to the personnel, training, and equipment requirements described in 
    paragraph (1);
        ``(C) set forth separately the personnel, training, and 
    equipment requirements for--
            ``(i) each of the emergency support functions of the 
        National Response Framework; and
            ``(ii) each of the Federal Emergency Management Agency 
        regions;
        ``(D) assess core civilian capability gaps relating to natural 
    and man-made disasters, as identified by States in submissions to 
    the Department of Homeland Security;
        ``(E) take into account threat and hazard identifications and 
    risk assessments of the Department of Defense, the Department of 
    Homeland Security, and the States; and
        ``(F) assess the budgets of each State to support the 
    personnel, training, and equipment requirements of the non-
    Federalized National Guard.
    ``(3) The annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
submitted to the following officials:
        ``(A) The congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
    Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the 
    Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
    Senate.
        ``(B) The Secretary of Defense.
        ``(C) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
        ``(D) The Council of Governors.
        ``(E) The Secretary of the Army.
        ``(F) The Secretary of the Air Force.
        ``(G) The Commander of the United States Northern Command.
        ``(H) The Commander of the United States Pacific Command.
        ``(I) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the term `covered period' means the 
fiscal year beginning after the date on which a report is submitted 
under paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is amended to 
    read as follows:
``Sec. 10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports''.
        (2) Table of contents.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 1011 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 10504 and inserting the 
    following:

``10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports.''.
    SEC. 334. ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY WORKING DOGS USED BY THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Capacity.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Executive Agent for Military Working Dogs (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as the ``Executive Agent''), shall--
        (1) identify the number of military working dogs required to 
    fulfill the various missions of the Department of Defense for which 
    such dogs are used, including force protection, facility and check 
    point security, and explosives and drug detection;
        (2) take such steps as are practicable to ensure an adequate 
    number of military working dog teams are available to meet and 
    sustain the mission requirements identified in paragraph (1);
        (3) ensure that the Department's needs and performance 
    standards with respect to military working dogs are readily 
    available to dog breeders and trainers; and
        (4) coordinate with other Federal, State, and local agencies, 
    nonprofit organizations, universities, and private sector entities, 
    as appropriate, to increase the training capacity for military 
    working dog teams.
    (b) Military Working Dog Procurement.--The Secretary, acting 
through the Executive Agent, shall work to ensure that military working 
dogs are procured as efficiently as possible and at the best value to 
the Government, while maintaining the necessary level of quality and 
encouraging increased domestic breeding.
    (c) Annual Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter until September 30, 
2021, the Secretary, acting through the Executive Agent, shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the procurement and 
retirement of military working dogs for the fiscal year preceding the 
fiscal year during which the report is submitted. Each report under 
this subsection shall include the following for the fiscal year covered 
by the report:
        (1) The number of military working dogs procured, by source, by 
    each military department or Defense Agency.
        (2) The cost of procuring military working dogs incurred by 
    each military department or Defense Agency.
        (3) The number of domestically-bred and sourced military 
    working dogs procured by each military department or Defense 
    Agency, including a list of vendors, their location, cost, and the 
    quantity of dogs procured from each vendor.
        (4) The number of non-domestically-bred military working dogs 
    procured from non-domestic sources by each military department or 
    Defense Agency, including a list of vendors, their location, cost, 
    and the quantity of dogs procured from each vendor.
        (5) The cost of procuring pre-trained and green dogs for force 
    protection, facility and checkpoint security, and improvised 
    explosive device, other explosives, and drug detection.
        (6) An analysis of the procurement practices of each military 
    department or Defense Agency that limit market access for domestic 
    canine vendors and breeders.
        (7) The total cost of procuring domestically-bred military 
    working dogs versus the total cost of procuring dogs from non-
    domestic sources.
        (8) The total number of domestically-bred dogs and the number 
    of dogs from foreign sources procured by each military department 
    or Defense Agency and the number and percentage of those dogs that 
    are ultimately deployed for their intended use.
        (9) An explanation for any significant difference in the cost 
    of procuring military working dogs from different sources.
        (10) An estimate of the number of military working dogs 
    expected to retire annually and an identification of the primary 
    cause of the retirement of such dogs.
        (11) An identification of the final disposition of military 
    working dogs no longer in service.
    (d) Military Working Dog Defined.--For purposes of this section, 
the term ``military working dog'' means a dog used in any official 
military capacity, as defined by the Secretary of Defense.
    SEC. 335. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE.
    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
        (1) Secretary of Defense James Mattis has stated: ``It is 
    appropriate for the Combatant Commands to incorporate drivers of 
    instability that impact the security environment in their areas 
    into their planning.''.
        (2) Secretary of Defense James Mattis has stated: ``I agree 
    that the effects of a changing climate -- such as increased 
    maritime access to the Arctic, rising sea levels, desertification, 
    among others -- impact our security situation.''.
        (3) Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joseph Dunford has 
    stated: ``It's a question, once again, of being forward deployed, 
    forward engaged, and be in a position to respond to the kinds of 
    natural disasters that I think we see as a second or third order 
    effect of climate change.''.
        (4) Former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates has stated: ``Over 
    the next 20 years and more, certain pressures-population, energy, 
    climate, economic, environmental-could combine with rapid cultural, 
    social, and technological change to produce new sources of 
    deprivation, rage, and instability.''.
        (5) Former Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army Gordon Sullivan has 
    stated: ``Climate change is a national security issue. We found 
    that climate instability will lead to instability in geopolitics 
    and impact American military operations around the world.''.
        (6) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) 
    has stated: ``Many countries will encounter climate-induced 
    disruptions--such as weather-related disasters, drought, famine, or 
    damage to infrastructure--that stress their capacity to respond, 
    cope with, or adapt. Climate-related impacts will also contribute 
    to increased migration, which can be particularly disruptive if, 
    for example, demand for food and shelter outstrips the resources 
    available to assist those in need.''.
        (7) The Government Accountability Office (GAO) has stated: 
    ``DOD links changes in precipitation patterns with potential 
    climate change impacts such as changes in the number of consecutive 
    days of high or low precipitation as well as increases in the 
    extent and duration of droughts, with an associated increase in the 
    risk of wildfire. . . this may result in mission vulnerabilities 
    such as reduced live-fire training due to drought and increased 
    wildfire risk.''.
        (8) A three-foot rise in sea levels will threaten the 
    operations of more than 128 United States military sites, and it is 
    possible that many of these at-risk bases could be submerged in the 
    coming years.
        (9) As global temperatures rise, droughts and famines can lead 
    to more failed states, which are breeding grounds of extremist and 
    terrorist organizations.
        (10) In the Marshall Islands, an Air Force radar installation 
    built on an atoll at a cost of $1,000,000,000 is projected to be 
    underwater within two decades.
        (11) In the western United States, drought has amplified the 
    threat of wildfires, and floods have damaged roads, runways, and 
    buildings on military bases.
        (12) In the Arctic, the combination of melting sea ice, thawing 
    permafrost, and sea-level rise is eroding shorelines, which is 
    damaging radar and communication installations, runways, seawalls, 
    and training areas.
        (13) In the Yukon Training Area, units conducting artillery 
    training accidentally started a wildfire despite observing the 
    necessary practices during red flag warning conditions.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) climate change is a direct threat to the national security 
    of the United States and is impacting stability in areas of the 
    world both where the United States Armed Forces are operating 
    today, and where strategic implications for future conflict exist;
        (2) there are complexities in quantifying the cost of climate 
    change on mission resiliency, but the Department of Defense must 
    ensure that it is prepared to conduct operations both today and in 
    the future and that it is prepared to address the effects of a 
    changing climate on threat assessments, resources, and readiness; 
    and
        (3) military installations must be able to effectively prepare 
    to mitigate climate damage in their master planning and 
    infrastructure planning and design, so that they might best 
    consider the weather and natural resources most pertinent to them.
    (c) Report.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report on vulnerabilities to military 
    installations and combatant commander requirements resulting from 
    climate change over the next 20 years.
        (2) Elements.--The report on vulnerabilities to military 
    installations and combatant commander requirements required by 
    paragraph (1) shall include the following:
            (A) A list of the ten most vulnerable military 
        installations within each service based on the effects of 
        rising sea tides, increased flooding, drought, desertification, 
        wildfires, thawing permafrost, and any other categories the 
        Secretary determines necessary.
            (B) An overview of mitigations that may be necessary to 
        ensure the continued operational viability and to increase the 
        resiliency of the identified vulnerable military installations 
        and the cost of such mitigations.
            (C) A discussion of the climate-change related effects on 
        the Department, including the increase in the frequency of 
        humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions and the 
        theater campaign plans, contingency plans, and global posture 
        of the combatant commanders.
            (D) An overview of mitigations that may be necessary to 
        ensure mission resiliency and the cost of such mitigations.
        (3) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
    submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    SEC. 336. REPORT ON OPTIMIZATION OF TRAINING IN AND MANAGEMENT OF 
      SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bases, Ranges, and Airspace 
Directorate of the Air Force and the Administrator of the Federal 
Aviation Administration shall submit to Congress a report on 
optimization of training in and management of special use airspace that 
includes the following:
        (1) Best practices for the management of special use airspace, 
    including practices that--
            (A) result in cost savings relating to training;
            (B) increase training opportunities for airmen;
            (C) increase joint use of such airspace;
            (D) improve coordination with respect to such airspace 
        with--
                (i) the Federal Aviation Administration;
                (ii) Indian tribes;
                (iii) airports, civilian aircraft operators, and local 
            communities; and
                (iv) private landowners and other stakeholders; or
            (E) improve the coordination of large force exercises, 
        including the use of waivers or other exceptional measures.
        (2) An assessment of whether the capacity of ranges, including 
    limitations on flight operations, is adequate to meet current and 
    future training needs.
        (3) An assessment of whether the establishment of a dedicated 
    squadron for the purpose of coordinating the use of a special use 
    airspace at the installation located in that airspace would improve 
    the achievement of the objectives described in subparagraphs (A) 
    through (E) of paragraph (1).
        (4) An assessment of the processes in place to consider, 
    evaluate, and mitigate special use airspace impacts to the public 
    right of transit through navigable airspace and the safe and 
    efficient use of the National Airspace System by commercial and 
    general aviation.
        (5) Recommendations for improving the management and 
    utilization of special use airspace to meet the objectives 
    described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of paragraph (1) and to 
    address any gaps in capacity identified under paragraph (2).
    (b) Special Use Airspace Defined.--In this section, the term 
``special use airspace'' means special use airspace designated under 
part 73 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.
    SEC. 337. PLAN FOR MODERNIZED, DEDICATED DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY 
      ADVERSARY AIR TRAINING ENTERPRISE.
    (a) Plan Required.--The Chief of Naval Operations and the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps shall develop a plan--
        (1) to establish a modernized, dedicated adversary air training 
    enterprise for the Department of the Navy in order to--
            (A) maximize warfighting effectiveness and synergies of the 
        current and planned fourth and fifth generation combat air 
        forces through optimized training and readiness; and
            (B) harness intelligence analysis, emerging live-virtual-
        constructive training technologies, range infrastructure 
        improvements, and results of experimentation and prototyping 
        efforts in operational concept development;
        (2) to explore all available opportunities to challenge the 
    combat air forces of the Department of the Navy with threat 
    representative adversary-to-friendly aircraft ratios, known and 
    emerging adversary tactics, and high-fidelity replication of threat 
    airborne and ground capabilities; and
        (3) to execute all means available to achieve training and 
    readiness goals and objectives of the Navy and Marine Corps with 
    demonstrated institutional commitment to the adversary air training 
    enterprise through the application of Department of the Navy policy 
    and resources, partnering with the other Armed Forces, allies, and 
    friends, and employing the use of industry contracted services.
    (b) Plan Elements.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall 
include enterprise goals, objectives, concepts of operations, phased 
implementation timelines, analysis of expected readiness improvements, 
prioritized resource requirements, and such other matters as the Chief 
of Naval Operations and Commandant of the Marine Corps consider 
appropriate.
    (c) Submittal of Plan and Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
the Chief of Naval Operations and Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a written plan and briefing on the plan required 
under subsection (a).
    SEC. 338. UPDATED GUIDANCE REGARDING BIENNIAL CORE REPORT.
    To ensure that the biennial core reporting procedures of the 
Department of Defense align with the requirements of section 2464 of 
title 10, United States Code, and that each reporting agency provides 
accurate and complete information, the Secretary of Defense shall 
direct the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and 
Logistics to update the Department of Defense Guidance, in particular 
Department of Defense Instruction 4151.20, to require future biennial 
core reports include instructions to the reporting agencies on how to--
        (1) report additional depot workload performed that has not 
    been identified as a core requirement;
        (2) accurately capture inter-service workload;
        (3) calculate shortfalls; and
        (4) estimate the cost of planned workload.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

    SEC. 341. EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.
    (a) Modification and Improvement of Ammunition Storage Board.--
Section 172 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretaries of the military departments'' 
    and inserting ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense'';
        (2) by inserting ``that includes members'' after ``joint 
    board'';
        (3) by striking ``selected by them'' and inserting ``selected 
    by the Secretaries of the military departments,'';
        (4) by inserting ``military'' before ``officers'';
        (5) by inserting ``designated as the chair and voting members 
    of the board for each military department'' after ``officers'';
        (6) by inserting ``and other'' before ``civilian officers'';
        (7) by striking ``or both'' and inserting ``as necessary'';
        (8) by striking ``keep informed on stored'' and inserting 
    ``provide oversight on storage and transportation of''; and
        (9) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Oversight by Secretaries of the Military Departments.--The 
Secretaries of the military departments shall provide research, 
development, test, evaluation, and manufacturing oversight for 
energetic materials supporting military requirements.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 172 of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by striking ``Ammunition storage'' 
    and inserting ``Explosive safety''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 7 of such title is amended by striking the item relating 
    to section 172 and inserting the following new item:

``172. Explosive safety board.''.
    SEC. 342. SERVICEWOMEN'S COMMEMORATIVE PARTNERSHIPS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide not more than 
$5,000,000 in financial support for the acquisition, installation, and 
maintenance of exhibits, facilities, historical displays, and programs 
at military service memorials and museums that highlight the role of 
women in the military. The Secretary may enter into a contract, 
partnership, or grant with a non-profit organization for the purpose of 
performing such acquisition, installation, and maintenance.
    (b) Purposes.--The contracts, partnerships, or grants shall be 
limited to serving the purposes of--
        (1) preserving the history of the 3,000,000 women who have 
    served in the United States Armed Forces;
        (2) managing an archive of artifacts, historic memorabilia, and 
    documents related to servicewomen;
        (3) maintaining a women veterans' oral history program; and
        (4) conducting other educational programs related to women in 
    service.
    SEC. 343. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ADVANCED SKILLS 
      MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE SYSTEM OF THE NAVY.
    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated for the enhancement of the 
advanced skills management software system of the Navy until a period 
of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which Secretary of the 
Navy makes the submission required under subsection (b)(3).
    (b) Briefing and Certification.--The Secretary of the Navy shall--
        (1) provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
    and the House of Representatives a briefing on any enhancements 
    that are needed for the advanced skills management software system 
    of the Navy;
        (2) after providing the briefing under paragraph (1), issue a 
    request for information for such enhancements in accordance with 
    part 15.2 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
        (3) submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
    and the House of Representatives--
            (A) the results of the request for information issued under 
        paragraph (2); and
            (B) a written certification that--
                (i) as part of the request for information, the 
            Secretary solicited information on commercially available 
            off-the-shelf software solutions that may be used to 
            enhance the advanced skills management software system of 
            the Navy; and
                (ii) the Secretary has considered using such solutions.
    (c) Advanced Skills Management Software System Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``advanced skills management software system'' means 
a software application designed to--
        (1) identify job task requirements for Navy personnel;
        (2) assist in determining the proficiencies of such personnel;
        (3) document qualifications and certifications of such 
    personnel; and
        (4) track the technical training completed by Navy aviation 
    maintenance personnel.
    SEC. 344. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF UNIFORM SPECIFICATIONS FOR 
      AFGHAN MILITARY OR SECURITY FORCES.
    Beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, whenever the 
Secretary of Defense enters into a contract for the provision of 
uniforms for Afghan military or security forces, the Secretary shall 
conduct a cost-benefit analysis of the uniform specification for the 
Afghan military or security forces uniform. Such analysis shall 
determine--
        (1) whether there is a more effective alternative uniform 
    specification, considering both operational environment and cost, 
    available to the Afghan military or security forces;
        (2) the efficacy of the existing pattern compared to other 
    alternatives (both proprietary and non-proprietary patterns); and
        (3) the costs and feasibility of transitioning the uniforms of 
    the Afghan military or security forces to a pattern owned by the 
    United States, using existing excess inventory where available, and 
    acquiring the rights to the Spec4ce Forest pattern.
    SEC. 345. TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION AUTHORITY FOR 
      ARSENALS, DEPOTS, AND PLANTS.
    (a) Modified Authority.--In the case of a military manufacturing 
arsenal, depot, or plant, the Secretary of the Army may authorize up to 
10 leases and contracts per fiscal year under section 2667 of title 10, 
United States Code, for a term of up to 25 years, notwithstanding 
subsection (b)(1) of such section, if the Secretary determines that a 
lease or contract of that duration will promote the national defense 
for the purpose of--
        (1) helping to maintain the viability of the military 
    manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant and any military 
    installations on which it is located;
        (2) eliminating, or at least reducing, the cost of Government 
    ownership of the military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant, 
    including the costs of operations and maintenance, the costs of 
    environmental remediation, and other costs; and
        (3) leveraging private investment at the military manufacturing 
    arsenal, depot, or plant through long-term facility use contracts, 
    property management contracts, leases, or other agreements that 
    support and advance the preceding purposes.
    (b) Delegation and Review Process.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army may delegate the 
    authority provided by this section to the commander of the major 
    subordinate command of the Army that has responsibility for the 
    military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or plant or, if part of a 
    larger military installation, the installation as a whole. The 
    commander may approve a lease or contract under such authority on a 
    case-by-case basis or a class basis.
        (2) Notice of approval.--Upon any approval of a lease or 
    contract by a commander pursuant to a delegation of authority under 
    paragraph (1), the commander shall notify the Chief of the Army 
    Corps of Engineers and Congress of the approval.
        (3) Review period.--Any lease or contract that is approved 
    utilizing the delegation authority under paragraph (1) is subject 
    to a 90-day hold period so that the Chief of the Army Corps of 
    Engineers may review the lease or contract pursuant to paragraph 
    (4).
        (4) Disposition of review.--If the Chief of the Army Corps of 
    Engineers disapproves of a contract or lease submitted for review 
    under paragraph (3), the agreement shall be null and void upon 
    transmittal by the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers to the 
    delegating authority of a written disapproval, including a 
    justification for such disapproval, within the 90-day hold period. 
    If no such disapproval is transmitted within the 90-day hold 
    period, the agreement shall be deemed approved.
        (5) Approval of revised agreement.--If, not later than 60 days 
    after receiving a disapproval under paragraph (4), the delegating 
    authority submits to the Chief of the Army Corps of Engineers a new 
    contract or lease that addresses the concerns of the Chief of the 
    Army Corps of Engineers outlined in such disapproval, the new 
    contract or lease shall be deemed approved unless the Chief of the 
    Army Corps of Engineers transmits to the delegating authority a 
    disapproval of the new contract or lease within 30 days of such 
    submission.
    (c) Military Manufacturing Arsenal, Depot, or Plant Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``military manufacturing arsenal, depot, or 
plant'' means a Government-owned, Government-operated defense plant of 
the Army that manufactures weapons, weapon components, or both.
    (d) Sunset.--The authority under this section shall terminate at 
the close of September 30, 2020. Any contracts entered into on or 
before such date shall continue in effect according to their terms.
    SEC. 346. COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FOR SHARING DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE 
      BEST PRACTICES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a comprehensive plan for the sharing 
of best practices for depot-level maintenance among the military 
services.
    (b) Elements.--The comprehensive plan required under subsection (a) 
shall cover the sharing of best practices with regard to--
        (1) programing and scheduling;
        (2) core capability requirements;
        (3) workload;
        (4) personnel management, development, and sustainment;
        (5) induction, duration, efficiency, and completion metrics;
        (6) parts, supply, tool, and equipment management;
        (7) capital investment and manufacturing and production 
    capability; and
        (8) inspection and quality control.
    SEC. 347. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE BUDGET 
      PRESENTATION.
    (a) In General.--Along with the budget for fiscal years 2019, 2020, 
and 2021 submitted by the President pursuant to section 1105(a) of 
title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the 
Secretaries of the military departments shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives an 
annex for the following Operation and Maintenance sub-activity groups 
(SAG):
        (1) For the Army:
            (A) SAG 111 - Maneuver Units.
            (B) SAG 123 - Land Forces Depot Maintenance.
            (C) SAG 131 - Base Operations Support.
            (D) SAG 322 - Flight Training.
        (2) For the Navy:
            (A) SAG 1A5A - Aircraft Depot Maintenance.
            (B) SAG 1B1B - Mission and Other Ship Operations.
            (C) SAG 1B4B - Ship Depot Maintenance.
            (D) SAG BSS1 - Base Operating Support.
        (3) For the Marine Corps:
            (A) SAG 1A1A - Operational Forces.
            (B) SAG 1A3A - Depot Maintenance.
            (C) SAG 1B1B - Field Logistics.
            (D) SAG BSS1 - Base Operating Support.
        (4) For the Air Force:
            (A) SAG 011A - Primary Combat Forces.
            (B) SAG 011Y - Flying Hour Program.
            (C) SAG 011Z - Base Support.
            (D) SAG 021M - Depot Maintenance.
    (b) Elements.--The annex required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) A summary by appropriation account with subtotals for 
    Department of Defense components.
        (2) A summary of each appropriation account by budget activity, 
    activity group, and sub-activity group with budget activity and 
    activity group subtotals and an appropriation total.
        (3) A detailed sub-activity group by program element and 
    expense aggregate listing in budget activity and activity group 
    sequence.
        (4) A rollup document by sub-activity group with accompanying 
    program element funding with the PB-61 program element tags 
    included.
        (5) A summary of each depot maintenance facility with 
    information on workload, work force, sources of funding, and 
    expenses similar to the exhibit on Mission Funded Naval Shipyards 
    included with the 2012 Navy Budget Justification.
        (6) A summary of contractor logistics support for each program 
    element, including a measure of workload and unit cost.
    (c) Formatting.--The annex required under subsection (a) shall be 
formatted in accordance with relevant Department of Defense financial 
management regulations that provide guidance for budget submissions to 
Congress.
    SEC. 348. REPURPOSING AND REUSE OF SURPLUS ARMY FIREARMS.
    (a) Required Transfer.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and subject to subsection (c), the Secretary 
of the Army shall transfer to a suitable organic facility all excess 
firearms, related spare parts and components, small arms ammunition, 
and ammunition components currently stored at Defense Distribution 
Depot, Anniston, Alabama, that are no longer actively issued for 
military service and that are otherwise prohibited from commercial 
sale, or distribution, under Federal law.
    (b) Repurposing and Reuse.--The items specified for transfer under 
subsection (a) shall be melted and repurposed for military use as 
determined by the Secretary of the Army, including--
        (1) the reforging of new firearms or their components; and
        (2) force protection barriers and security bollards.
    (c) Items Exempt From Transfer.--M-1 Garand, caliber .45 M1911/
M1911A1 pistols, caliber .22 rimfire rifles, and such additional items 
as designated by the Secretary in the annual report required under 
subsection (d) are not subject to the transfer requirement under 
subsection (a).
    (d) Annual Report.--Not later than 5 days after the budget of the 
President for a fiscal year is submitted to Congress under section 1105 
of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of the Army, in 
coordination with the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report specifying additional excess firearms, 
related spare parts and components, small arms ammunition, and 
ammunition components designated as no longer actively issued for 
military service and that are otherwise prohibited from commercial 
sale, or distribution, under Federal law. The Secretary of the Army 
shall designate these items to either be added to the transfer list for 
the purposes described under subsection (b) or the list of items 
exempted under subsection (c). The report may not include the 
redesignation or change in status of items previously designated for 
transfer or exemption pursuant to subsections (a) or (c).
    (e) Actions Pursuant to Annual Report.--The Secretary of the Army 
may not take any action to transfer items designated in the report 
submitted under subsection (d) until the date of the enactment of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for the fiscal year following the 
year such report is submitted. Upon enactment of such Act, the 
Secretary shall transfer or exempt the items so designated.
    SEC. 349. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY MARKSMANSHIP AWARDS.
    Section 40728 of title 36, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(i) Authorized Navy Transfers.--(1) Notwithstanding subsections 
(a) and (b), the Secretary of the Navy may transfer to the corporation, 
in accordance with the procedures prescribed in this subchapter, M-1 
Garand and caliber .22 rimfire rifles held within the inventories of 
the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps and stored at 
Defense Distribution Depot, Anniston, Alabama, or Naval Surface Warfare 
Center, Crane, Indiana, as of the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
    ``(2) The items specified for transfer under paragraph (1)--
        ``(A) shall be used as awards for competitors in marksmanship 
    competitions held by the United States Marine Corps or the United 
    States Navy and may not be resold; and
        ``(B) shall be rendered inoperable prior to award and transfer 
    to marksmanship competitors.''.
    SEC. 350. CIVILIAN TRAINING FOR NATIONAL GUARD PILOTS AND SENSOR 
      OPERATOR AIRCREWS OF MQ-9 UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES.
    (a) Contracts for Training.--Subject to subsection (c), the 
Secretary of the Air Force may enter into one or more contracts with 
appropriate civilian entities in order to provide flying or operating 
training for Air National Guard pilots and sensor operator aircrew 
members in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle if the Secretary of the Air 
Force determines that--
        (1) Air Force training units lack sufficient capacity to train 
    such pilots or sensor operator aircrew members for initial 
    qualification in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle;
        (2) pilots or sensor operator aircrew members of Air National 
    Guard units require continuation training in order to remain 
    current and qualified in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle;
        (3) non-combat continuation training in the MQ-9 unmanned 
    aerial vehicle is necessary for such pilots or sensor operator 
    aircrew members to achieve required levels of flying or operating 
    proficiency; and
        (4) such training for such pilots or sensor operator aircrew 
    members is necessary in order to meet requirements for the Air 
    National Guard to provide pilots and sensor operator aircrew 
    members qualified in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle for 
    operations on active duty and in State status.
    (b) Nature of Training Under Contracts.--Any training provided 
pursuant to a contract under subsection (a) shall incorporate a level 
of instruction that is equivalent to the instruction in the MQ-9 
unmanned aerial vehicle provided to pilots and sensor operator aircrew 
members at Air Force training units, as determined by the Secretary of 
the Air Force.
    (c) Authority Contingent on Certification and Notice and Wait 
Period.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not use the authority in 
subsection (a) unless and until the Secretary of the Air Force 
certifies to the congressional defense committees in writing, 90 days 
in advance of executing such authority provided in subsection (a), that 
the use of the authority is necessary to provide required flying or 
operating training for Air National Guard pilots and sensor operator 
aircrew members in the MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle.
    SEC. 351. TRAINING FOR NATIONAL GUARD PERSONNEL ON WILDFIRE 
      RESPONSE.
    The Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force may, 
in consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, provide 
support for training of appropriate personnel of the National Guard on 
wildfire response and prevention, with preference given to military 
installations with the highest wildfire suppression need.
    SEC. 352. MODIFICATION OF THE SECOND DIVISION MEMORIAL.
    (a) Authorization.--The Second Indianhead Division Association, 
Inc., Scholarship and Memorials Foundation, an organization described 
in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt 
from taxation under section 501(a) of that Code, may place additional 
commemorative elements or engravings on the raised platform or stone 
work of the existing Second Division Memorial located in President's 
Park, between 17th Street Northwest and Constitution Avenue in the 
District of Columbia, to further honor the members of the Second 
Infantry Division who have given their lives in service to the United 
States.
    (b) Application of Commemorative Works Act.--Chapter 89 of title 
40, United States Code (commonly known as the ``Commemorative Works 
Act''), shall apply to the design and placement of the commemorative 
elements or engravings authorized under subsection (a).
    (c) Funding.--Federal funds may not be used for modifications of 
the Second Division Memorial authorized under subsection (a).

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2018 limitation on number of non-dual status 
          technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 416. Number of members of the National Guard on full-time duty in 
          support of the reserves within the National Guard Bureau.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

    SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.
    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2018, as follows:
        (1) The Army, 483,500.
        (2) The Navy, 327,900.
        (3) The Marine Corps, 186,000.
        (4) The Air Force, 325,100.
    SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
      LEVELS.
    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
        ``(1) For the Army, 483,500.
        ``(2) For the Navy, 327,900.
        ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,000.
        ``(4) For the Air Force, 325,100.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

    SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.
    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2018, as follows:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 343,500.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 199,500.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 106,600.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,800.
        (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
        (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to serve 
    as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which are on 
    active duty (other than for training) at the end of the fiscal 
    year; and
        (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
    organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
    component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
    unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent at 
    the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.
    SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
      THE RESERVES.
    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2018, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,155.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,101.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,260.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,588.
    SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).
    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2018 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
        (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 22,294.
        (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
        (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 19,135.
        (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,880.
    SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2018 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
      TECHNICIANS.
    (a) Limitations.--
        (1) National guard.--The number of non-dual status technicians 
    employed by the National Guard as of September 30, 2018, may not 
    exceed the following:
            (A) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 0.
            (B) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 0.
        (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status technicians 
    employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 2018, may not 
    exceed 0.
        (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
    technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 30, 
    2018, may not exceed 0.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
      ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.
    During fiscal year 2018, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
        (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
        (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
        (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
        (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
        (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
        (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.
    SEC. 416. NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD ON FULL-TIME DUTY 
      IN SUPPORT OF THE RESERVES WITHIN THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.
    (a) Army National Guard of the United States.--As of the end of 
fiscal year 2019, and as of the end of each fiscal year thereafter, the 
number of members of the Army National Guard of the United States 
serving with the National Guard Bureau on full-time duty for the 
purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
training the reserve components may not exceed the number equal to six 
percent of the total number of members of the Army National Guard of 
the United States authorized for service on full-time duty for that 
purpose in that fiscal year.
    (b) Air National Guard of the United States.--As of the end of 
fiscal year 2019, and as of the end of each fiscal year thereafter, the 
number of members of the Air National Guard of the United States 
serving with the National Guard Bureau on full-time duty for the 
purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
training the reserve components may not exceed the number equal to six 
percent of the total number of members of the Air National Guard of the 
United States authorized for service on full-time duty for that purpose 
in that fiscal year.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

    SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.
    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2018.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Modification of deadline for submittal by officers of written 
          communications to promotion selection boards on matters of 
          importance to their selection.
Sec. 502. Clarification to exception for removal of officers from list 
          of officers recommended for promotion after 18 months without 
          appointment.
Sec. 503. Modification of requirement for specification of number of 
          officers who may be recommended for early retirement by a 
          Selective Early Retirement Board.
Sec. 504. Extension of service-in-grade waiver authority for voluntary 
          retirement of certain general and flag officers for purposes 
          of enhanced flexibility in officer personnel management.
Sec. 505. Inclusion of Principal Military Deputy to the Assistant 
          Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, and 
          Logistics among officers subject to repeal of statutory 
          specification of general officer grade.
Sec. 506. Clarification of effect of repeal of statutory specification 
          of general or flag officer grade for various positions in the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 507. Standardization of authorities in connection with repeal of 
          statutory specification of general officer grade for the Dean 
          of the Academic Board of the United States Military Academy 
          and the Dean of the Faculty of the United States Air Force 
          Academy.
Sec. 508. Flexibility in promotion of officers to positions of Staff 
          Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps and 
          Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy or Air Force.
Sec. 509. Grandfathering of retired grade of Assistant Judge Advocates 
          General of the Navy as of repeal of statutory specification of 
          general and flag officers grades in the Armed Forces.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Equal treatment of orders to serve on active duty under 
          sections 12304a and 12304b of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 512. Service credit for cyberspace experience or advanced education 
          upon original appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 513. Consolidation of authorities to order members of the reserve 
          components of the Armed Forces to perform duty.
Sec. 514. Pilot program on use of retired senior enlisted members of the 
          Army National Guard as Army National Guard recruiters.

                 Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

Part I--Matters Relating to Discharge and Correction of Military Records

Sec. 520. Consideration of additional medical evidence by Boards for the 
          Correction of Military Records and liberal consideration of 
          evidence relating to post-traumatic stress disorder or 
          traumatic brain injury.
Sec. 521. Public availability of information related to disposition of 
          claims regarding discharge or release of members of the Armed 
          Forces when the claims involve sexual assault.
Sec. 522. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
          of members who are victims of sex-related offenses.
Sec. 523. Training requirements for members of boards for the correction 
          of military records and personnel who investigate claims of 
          retaliation.
Sec. 524. Pilot program on use of video teleconferencing technology by 
          boards for the correction of military records and discharge 
          review boards.

               Part II--Other General Service Authorities

Sec. 526. Modification of basis for extension of period for enlistment 
          in the Armed Forces under the Delayed Entry Program.
Sec. 527. Reauthorization of authority to order retired members to 
          active duty in high-demand, low-density assignments.
Sec. 528. Notification of members of the Armed Forces undergoing certain 
          administrative separations of potential eligibility for 
          veterans benefits.
Sec. 529. Extension of authority of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
          provide for the conduct of medical disability examinations by 
          contract physicians.
Sec. 530. Provision of information on naturalization through military 
          service.

           Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues

Sec. 531. Clarifying amendments related to the Uniform Code of Military 
          Justice reform by the Military Justice Act of 2016.
Sec. 532. Enhancement of effective prosecution and defense in courts-
          martial and related matters.
Sec. 533. Punitive article under the Uniform Code of Military Justice on 
          wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual images 
          or visual images of sexually explicit conduct.
Sec. 534. Garnishment to satisfy judgment rendered for physically, 
          sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
Sec. 535. Sexual assault prevention and response training for all 
          individuals enlisted in the Armed Forces under a delayed entry 
          program.
Sec. 536. Special Victims' Counsel training regarding the unique 
          challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.
Sec. 537. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
          military sexual harassment and incidents involving 
          nonconsensual distribution of private sexual images.
Sec. 538. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
          sexual assaults committed by a member of the Armed Forces 
          against the member's spouse or other family member.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 541. Element in preseparation counseling for members of the Armed 
          Forces on assistance and support services for caregivers of 
          certain veterans through the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 542. Improved employment assistance for members of the Army, Navy, 
          Air Force, and Marine Corps and veterans.
Sec. 543. Limitation on release of military service academy graduates to 
          participate in professional athletics.
Sec. 544. Two-year extension of suicide prevention and resilience 
          program for the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 545. Annual certifications related to Ready, Relevant Learning 
          initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 546. Authority to expand eligibility for the United States Military 
          Apprenticeship Program.
Sec. 547. Limitation on availability of funds for attendance of Air 
          Force enlisted personnel at Air Force officer professional 
          military education in-residence courses.
Sec. 548. Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership Scholarships.
Sec. 549. Pilot programs on appointment in the excepted service in the 
          Department of Defense of physically disqualified former cadets 
          and midshipmen.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                 Matters

              Part I--Defense Dependents' Education Matters

Sec. 551. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 552. Transitions of military dependent students from Department of 
          Defense dependent schools to other schools and among schools 
          of local educational agencies.
Sec. 553. Report on educational opportunities in science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics for children who are dependents 
          of members of the Armed Forces.

               Part II--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 555. Codification of authority to conduct family support programs 
          for immediate family members of members of the Armed Forces 
          assigned to special operations forces.
Sec. 556. Reimbursement for State licensure and certification costs of a 
          spouse of a member of the Armed Forces arising from relocation 
          to another State.
Sec. 557. Temporary extension of extended period of protections for 
          members of uniformed services relating to mortgages, mortgage 
          foreclosure, and eviction.
Sec. 558. Enhancing military childcare programs and activities of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 559. Direct hire authority for Department of Defense for childcare 
          services providers for Department child development centers.
Sec. 560. Pilot program on public-private partnerships for telework 
          facilities for military spouses on military installations 
          outside the United States.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to Garlin M. 
          Conner for acts of valor during World War II.
Sec. 562. Authorization for award of Distinguished-Service Cross to 
          Specialist Frank M. Crary for acts of valor in Vietnam.

            Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

Sec. 571. Analysis and report on accompanied and unaccompanied tours of 
          duty in remote locations with high family support costs.
Sec. 572. Review and reports on policies for regular and reserve officer 
          career management.
Sec. 573. Review and report on effects of personnel requirements and 
          limitations on the availability of members of the National 
          Guard for the performance of funeral honors duty for veterans.
Sec. 574. Review and report on authorities for the employment, use, and 
          status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.
Sec. 575. Assessment and report on expanding and contracting for 
          childcare services of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 576. Review and report on compensation provided childcare services 
          providers of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. Comptroller General of the United States assessment and report 
          on the Office of Complex Investigations within the National 
          Guard Bureau.
Sec. 578. Modification of submittal date of Comptroller General of the 
          United States report on integrity of the Department of Defense 
          whistleblower program.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 581. Expansion of United States Air Force Institute of Technology 
          enrollment authority to include civilian employees of the 
          homeland security industry.
Sec. 582. Conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps 
          as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 583. Designation of office within Office of the Secretary of 
          Defense to oversee use of food assistance programs by members 
          of the Armed Forces on active duty.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

    SEC. 501. MODIFICATION OF DEADLINE FOR SUBMITTAL BY OFFICERS OF 
      WRITTEN COMMUNICATIONS TO PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS ON MATTERS 
      OF IMPORTANCE TO THEIR SELECTION.
    (a) Officers on Active-duty List.--Section 614(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``the day'' and inserting 
``10 calendar days''.
    (b) Officers in Reserve Active-status.--Section 14106 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the second sentence by striking ``the 
day'' and inserting ``10 calendar days''.
    (c) Application of Amendments.--The amendments made by this section 
shall apply with respect to promotion selection boards convened on or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 502. CLARIFICATION TO EXCEPTION FOR REMOVAL OF OFFICERS FROM 
      LIST OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDED FOR PROMOTION AFTER 18 MONTHS 
      WITHOUT APPOINTMENT.
    Section 629(c)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``the Senate is not able to obtain the information necessary'' 
and inserting ``the military department concerned is not able to obtain 
and provide to the Senate the information the Senate requires''.
    SEC. 503. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR SPECIFICATION OF NUMBER 
      OF OFFICERS WHO MAY BE RECOMMENDED FOR EARLY RETIREMENT BY A 
      SELECTIVE EARLY RETIREMENT BOARD.
    Section 638a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
    the following new paragraph:
    ``(1) In the case of an action under subsection (b)(2), the total 
number of officers described in that subsection that a selection board 
convened under section 611(b) of this title pursuant to the authority 
of that subsection may recommend for early retirement may not be more 
than 30 percent of the number of officers considered in each grade in 
each competitive category.''; and
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
    the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The total number of officers to be recommended for discharge 
by a selection board convened pursuant to subsection (b)(3) may not be 
more than 30 percent of the number of officers considered.''.
    SEC. 504. EXTENSION OF SERVICE-IN-GRADE WAIVER AUTHORITY FOR 
      VOLUNTARY RETIREMENT OF CERTAIN GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS FOR 
      PURPOSES OF ENHANCED FLEXIBILITY IN OFFICER PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT.
    Section 1370(a)(2)(G) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2025''.
    SEC. 505. INCLUSION OF PRINCIPAL MILITARY DEPUTY TO THE ASSISTANT 
      SECRETARY OF THE ARMY FOR ACQUISITION, TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS 
      AMONG OFFICERS SUBJECT TO REPEAL OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF 
      GENERAL OFFICER GRADE.
    Section 3016(b)(5)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``a lieutenant general'' and inserting ``an officer''.
    SEC. 506. CLARIFICATION OF EFFECT OF REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
      SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICER GRADE FOR VARIOUS 
      POSITIONS IN THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) Retention of Grade of Incumbents in Positions on Effective 
Date.--
        (1) In general.--Section 502 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
    Stat. 2102) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(tt) Retention of Grade of Incumbents in Positions on Effective 
Date.--The grade of service of an officer serving as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act in a position whose statutory grade is affected 
by an amendment made by this section may not be reduced after that date 
by reason of such amendment as long as the officer remains in 
continuous service in such position after that date.''.
        (2) Retroactive effective date.--The amendment made by 
    paragraph (1) shall take effect as of December 23, 2016, and be 
    treated as if included in the enactment of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).
    (b) Clarifying Amendment to Chief of Veterinary Corps of the Army 
Repeal.--Section 3084 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the last sentence.
    SEC. 507. STANDARDIZATION OF AUTHORITIES IN CONNECTION WITH REPEAL 
      OF STATUTORY SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL OFFICER GRADE FOR THE DEAN 
      OF THE ACADEMIC BOARD OF THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY AND 
      THE DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY.
    (a) Dean of Academic Board of Military Academy.--Section 4335(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking the first and third sentences; and
        (2) in the remaining sentence, by striking ``so appointed'' and 
    inserting ``appointed as Dean of the Academic Board''.
    (b) Dean of Faculty of Air Force Academy.--Section 9335(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``so appointed'' and 
inserting ``appointed as Dean of the Faculty''.
    SEC. 508. FLEXIBILITY IN PROMOTION OF OFFICERS TO POSITIONS OF 
      STAFF JUDGE ADVOCATE TO THE COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS AND 
      DEPUTY JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL OF THE NAVY OR AIR FORCE.
    (a) Staff Judge Advocate to Commandant of the Marine Corps.--
Section 5046(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If the Secretary of the Navy elects to convene a selection 
board under section 611(a) of this title to consider eligible officers 
for selection to appointment as Staff Judge Advocate, the Secretary 
may, in connection with such consideration for selection--
        ``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title referring 
    to promotion to the next higher grade as if such section referred 
    to promotion to a higher grade; and
        ``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the Secretary 
    determines that the needs of the Marine Corps require the 
    waiver.''.
    (b) Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy.--Section 5149(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(3) If the Secretary of the Navy elects to convene a selection 
board under section 611(a) of this title to consider eligible officers 
for selection to appointment as Deputy Judge Advocate General, the 
Secretary may, in connection with such consideration for selection--
        ``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title referring 
    to promotion to the next higher grade as if such section referred 
    to promotion to a higher grade; and
        ``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the Secretary 
    determines that the needs of the Navy require the waiver.''.
    (c) Deputy Judge Advocate of the Air Force.--Section 8037(e) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(e)''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) If the Secretary of the Air Force elects to convene a 
selection board under section 611(a) of this title to consider eligible 
officers for selection to appointment as Deputy Judge Advocate General, 
the Secretary may, in connection with such consideration for 
selection--
        ``(A) treat any section in chapter 36 of this title referring 
    to promotion to the next higher grade as if such section referred 
    to promotion to a higher grade; and
        ``(B) waive section 619(a)(2) of this title if the Secretary 
    determines that the needs of the Air Force require the waiver.''.
    SEC. 509. GRANDFATHERING OF RETIRED GRADE OF ASSISTANT JUDGE 
      ADVOCATES GENERAL OF THE NAVY AS OF REPEAL OF STATUTORY 
      SPECIFICATION OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS GRADES IN THE ARMED 
      FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by section 
502(gg)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2105), an officer selected to hold 
a position specified in subsection (b) as of December 23, 2016, may be 
retired after that date in the grade of rear admiral (lower half) or 
brigadier general, as applicable, with the retired pay of such grade 
(unless entitled to higher pay under another provision of law).
    (b) Specified Positions.--Subsection (a) applies with respect to 
the Assistant Judge Advocates General of the Navy provided for by 
subsections (b) and (c) of section 5149 of title 10, United States 
Code.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

    SEC. 511. EQUAL TREATMENT OF ORDERS TO SERVE ON ACTIVE DUTY UNDER 
      SECTIONS 12304A AND 12304B OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE.
    (a) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members for Pre-mobilization 
Health Care.--Section 1074(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``in support of a contingency operation under'' and 
inserting ``under section 12304b of this title or''.
    (b) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members for Transitional 
Health Care.--Section 1145(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``in support of a contingency operation'' and 
inserting ``under section 12304b of this title or a provision of law 
referred to in section 101(a)(13)(B) of this title''.
    SEC. 512. SERVICE CREDIT FOR CYBERSPACE EXPERIENCE OR ADVANCED 
      EDUCATION UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A COMMISSIONED OFFICER.
    (a) Original Appointment as a Reserve Officer.--Section 12207 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ``or (e)'' after 
    ``subsection (b)'';
        (2) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections (f) 
    and (g), respectively;
        (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
    subsection (e):
    ``(e)(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, 
if the Secretary of a military department determines that the number of 
commissioned officers with cyberspace-related experience or advanced 
education in reserve active-status in an armed force under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary is critically below the number needed, 
such Secretary may credit any person receiving an original appointment 
as a reserve commissioned officer with a period of constructive service 
for the following:
        ``(A) Special experience or training in a particular 
    cyberspace-related field if such experience or training is directly 
    related to the operational needs of the armed force concerned.
        ``(B) Any period of advanced education in a cyberspace-related 
    field beyond the baccalaureate degree level if such advanced 
    education is directly related to the operational needs of the armed 
    force concerned.
    ``(2) Constructive service credited an officer under this 
subsection shall not exceed one year for each year of special 
experience, training, or advanced education, and not more than three 
years total constructive service may be credited.
    ``(3) Constructive service credited an officer under this 
subsection is in addition to any service credited that officer under 
subsection (a) and shall be credited at the time of the original 
appointment of the officer.
    ``(4) The authority to award constructive service credit under this 
subsection expires on December 31, 2023.''; and
        (4) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
    striking ``or (d)'' and inserting ``, (d), or (e)''.
    (b) Extension of Authority in Connection With Original Appointment 
of Regular Officers.--Section 533(g)(4) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2023''.
    SEC. 513. CONSOLIDATION OF AUTHORITIES TO ORDER MEMBERS OF THE 
      RESERVE COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO PERFORM DUTY.
    Section 515 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 810) is amended--
        (1) in the second sentence of subsection (b), by striking 
    ``such legislation as would be necessary to amend titles 10, 14, 
    32, and 37 of the United States Code and other provisions of law in 
    order to implement the Secretary's approach by October 1, 2018'' 
    and inserting ``legislation implementing the alternate approach by 
    April 30, 2019''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Attributes of Alternate Approach.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall ensure the alternate approach described in subsection (b)--
        ``(1) reduces the number of statutory authorities by which 
    members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces may be 
    ordered to perform duty to not more than 8 statutory authorities 
    grouped into 4 duty categories to which specific pay and benefits 
    may be aligned, which categories shall include--
            ``(A) one duty category that shall generally reflect active 
        service performed in support of contingency type operations or 
        other military actions in support of the commander of a 
        combatant command;
            ``(B) a second duty category that shall--
                ``(i) generally reflect active service not described in 
            subparagraph (A); and
                ``(ii) consist of training, administration, operational 
            support, and full-time support of the reserve components;
            ``(C) a third duty category that shall--
                ``(i) generally reflect duty performed under direct 
            military supervision while not in active service; and
                ``(ii) include duty characterized by partial-day 
            service; and
            ``(D) a fourth duty category that shall--
                ``(i) generally reflect remote duty completed while not 
            under direct military supervision; and
                ``(ii) include completion of correspondence courses and 
            telework;
        ``(2) distinguishes among duty performed under titles 10, 14, 
    and 32, United States Code, and ensures that the reasons the 
    members of the reserve components are utilized under the statutory 
    authorities which exist prior to the alternate approach are 
    preserved and can be tracked as separate and distinct purposes;
        ``(3) minimizes, to the maximum extent practicable, disruptions 
    in pay and benefits for members, and adheres to the principle that 
    a member should receive pay and benefits commensurate with the 
    nature and performance of the member's duties;
        ``(4) ensures the Secretary has the flexibility to meet 
    emerging requirements and to effectively manage the force; and
        ``(5) aligns Department of Defense programming and budgeting to 
    the types of duty members perform.''.
    SEC. 514. PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF RETIRED SENIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS 
      OF THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AS ARMY NATIONAL GUARD RECRUITERS.
    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may carry 
out a pilot program for the Army National Guard under which retired 
senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard would serve as 
contract recruiters for the Army National Guard.
    (b) Objectives of Pilot Program.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
design any pilot program conducted under this section to determine the 
following:
        (1) The feasibility and effectiveness of hiring retired senior 
    enlisted members of the Army National Guard who have retired within 
    the previous two years to serve as recruiters.
        (2) The merits of hiring such retired senior enlisted members 
    as contractors or as employees of the Department of Defense.
        (3) The best method of providing a competitive compensation 
    package for such retired senior enlisted members.
        (4) The merits of requiring such retired senior enlisted 
    members to wear a military uniform while performing recruiting 
    duties under the pilot program.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing a pilot program under this 
section, the Secretary of the Army shall consult with the operators of 
a previous pilot program carried out by the Army involving the use of 
contract recruiters.
    (d) Commencement and Duration.--The Secretary of the Army may 
commence a pilot program under this section on or after January 1, 
2018, and all activities under such a pilot program shall terminate no 
later than December 31, 2020.
    (e) Funding Source.--If a pilot program is conducted under this 
section, the Secretary of the Army shall use funds otherwise available 
for the National Guard Bureau to carry out the program.
    (f) Reporting Requirement.--If a pilot program is conducted under 
this section, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
report containing an evaluation of the success of the pilot program, 
including the determinations described in subsection (b). The report 
shall be submitted not later than January 1, 2019.

                Subtitle C--General Service Authorities

   PART I--MATTERS RELATING TO DISCHARGE AND CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
                                RECORDS

    SEC. 520. CONSIDERATION OF ADDITIONAL MEDICAL EVIDENCE BY BOARDS 
      FOR THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND LIBERAL CONSIDERATION 
      OF EVIDENCE RELATING TO POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER OR 
      TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.
    (a) In General.--Section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections (i) 
    and (j), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
    subsection (h):
    ``(h)(1) This subsection applies to a former member of the armed 
forces whose claim under this section for review of a discharge or 
dismissal is based in whole or in part on matters relating to post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury as supporting 
rationale, or as justification for priority consideration, and whose 
post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury is related to 
combat or military sexual trauma, as determined by the Secretary 
concerned.
    ``(2) In the case of a claimant described in paragraph (1), a board 
established under subsection (a)(1) shall--
        ``(A) review medical evidence of the Secretary of Veterans 
    Affairs or a civilian health care provider that is presented by the 
    claimant; and
        ``(B) review the claim with liberal consideration to the 
    claimant that post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain 
    injury potentially contributed to the circumstances resulting in 
    the discharge or dismissal or to the original characterization of 
    the claimant's discharge or dismissal.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1553(d)(3)(A)(ii) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``discharge of a lesser 
characterization'' and inserting ``discharge or dismissal or to the 
original characterization of the member's discharge or dismissal''.
    SEC. 521. PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION RELATED TO DISPOSITION 
      OF CLAIMS REGARDING DISCHARGE OR RELEASE OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES WHEN THE CLAIMS INVOLVE SEXUAL ASSAULT.
    (a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--Subsection (i) 
of section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, as redesignated by 
section 520(a)(1), is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during the 
    calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which such 
    information is made available in which sexual assault is alleged to 
    have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to the original 
    characterization of the discharge or release of the former 
    member.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during the 
    calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which such 
    information is made available in which sexual assault is alleged to 
    have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to the original 
    characterization of the discharge or release of the former 
    member.''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) Boards for the correction of military records.--Subsection 
    (i) of section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, as 
    redesignated by section 520(a)(1) and amended by subsection (a), is 
    further amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``claimant'' both places 
        it appears and inserting ``former member'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``claimant'' and 
        inserting ``former member''; and
            (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``claimants'' and 
        inserting ``former members''.
        (2) Discharge review boards.--Section 1553(f)(2) of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended by striking ``claimant'' and 
    inserting ``former member''.
    SEC. 522. CONFIDENTIAL REVIEW OF CHARACTERIZATION OF TERMS OF 
      DISCHARGE OF MEMBERS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.
    (a) Codification of Current Confidential Process.--
        (1) Codification.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 1554a a new section 1554b 
    consisting of--
            (A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 1554b. Confidential review of characterization of terms of 
     discharge of members of the armed forces who are victims of sex-
     related offenses''; and
            (B) a text consisting of the text of section 547 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
        Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 1553 note).
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 79 of such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 1554a the following new item:

``1554b. Confidential review of characterization of terms of discharge 
          of members of the armed forces who are victims of sex-related 
          offenses.''.

        (3) Conforming repeal.--Section 547 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 
    U.S.C. 1553 note) is repealed.
    (b) Clarification of Applicability to Individuals Who Allege Sex-
related Offenses During Military Service.--Subsection (a) of section 
1554b of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of 
this section, is amended by striking ``sex-related offense'' and 
inserting the following: ``sex-related offense, or alleges that the 
individual was the victim of a sex-related offense,''.
    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Section 1554b of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a), is further amended--
        (1) by striking ``Armed Forces'' each place it appears in 
    subsections (a) and (b) and inserting ``armed forces'';
        (2) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``boards for the correction of military 
        records of the military department concerned'' and inserting 
        ``boards of the military department concerned established in 
        accordance with this chapter''; and
            (B) by striking ``such an offense'' and inserting ``a sex-
        related offense'';
        (3) in subsection (b), striking ``boards for the correction of 
    military records'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and 
    inserting ``boards of the military department concerned established 
    in accordance with this chapter''; and
        (4) in subsection (d)--
            (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``title 10, United States 
        Code'' and inserting ``this title''; and
            (C) in paragraphs (2) and (3), by striking ``such title'' 
        and inserting ``this title''.
    SEC. 523. TRAINING REQUIREMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR THE 
      CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND PERSONNEL WHO INVESTIGATE 
      CLAIMS OF RETALIATION.
    (a) Members of Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--
Section 534(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1552 note) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``This curriculum shall 
also address the proper handling of claims in which a sex-related 
offense is alleged to have contributed to the original characterization 
of the discharge or release of the claimant, including guidelines for 
the consideration of evidence substantiating such allegations in 
accordance with the requirements of section 1554b(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by section 522 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.''.
    (b) Department of Defense Personnel Who Investigate Claims of 
Retaliation.--Section 546(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking 
``section.'' and inserting ``section, including guidelines for the 
consideration of evidence substantiating such allegations in accordance 
with the requirements of section 1554b(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by section 522 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018.''.
    SEC. 524. PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF VIDEO TELECONFERENCING TECHNOLOGY 
      BY BOARDS FOR THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND DISCHARGE 
      REVIEW BOARDS.
    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
out a pilot program under which boards for the correction of military 
records established under section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, 
and discharge review boards established under section 1553 of such 
title are authorized to utilize, in the performance of their duties, 
video teleconferencing technology, to the extent such technology is 
reasonably available and technically feasible.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program is to evaluate the 
feasibility and cost-effectiveness of utilizing video teleconferencing 
technology to allow persons who raise a claim before a board for the 
correction of military records, persons who request a review by a 
discharge review board, and witnesses who present evidence to such a 
board to appear before such a board without being physically present.
    (c) Implementation.--As part of the pilot program, the Secretary of 
Defense shall make funds available to develop the capabilities of 
boards for the correction of military records and discharge review 
boards to effectively use video teleconferencing technology.
    (d) No Expansion of Eligibility.--Nothing in the pilot program is 
intended to alter the eligibility criteria of persons who may raise a 
claim before a board for the correction of military records, request a 
review by a discharge review board, or present evidence to such a 
board.
    (e) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary of Defense to 
carry out the pilot program shall terminate on December 31, 2020.

               PART II--OTHER GENERAL SERVICE AUTHORITIES

    SEC. 526. MODIFICATION OF BASIS FOR EXTENSION OF PERIOD FOR 
      ENLISTMENT IN THE ARMED FORCES UNDER THE DELAYED ENTRY PROGRAM.
    Section 513(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4) and, in 
    such paragraph, by striking ``paragraph (1)'' and inserting ``this 
    subsection'';
        (2) by designating the second sentence of paragraph (1) as 
    paragraph (2) and indenting the left margin of such paragraph (2) 
    two ems to the right;
        (3) in paragraph (2), as so designated, by inserting 
    ``described in paragraph (1)'' after ``the 365-day period''; and
        (4) by inserting after paragraph (2), as so designated, the 
    following new paragraph (3):
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary concerned may extend by up to an additional 
365 days the period of extension under paragraph (2) for a person who 
enlisted before October 1, 2017, under section 504(b)(2) of this title 
if the Secretary determines that the period of extension under this 
paragraph is required for the performance of adequate background and 
security reviews of that person.
    ``(B) A person whose period of extension under paragraph (2) is 
extended under this paragraph shall undergo all security and 
suitability screening requirements and receive a favorable military 
security suitability determination before entering into service in a 
regular or reserve component. Screening priority shall be given to 
those persons who were enlisted for a military occupational specialty 
that requires specialized language or medical skills that are vital to 
the national interest.
    ``(C) The authority to make an extension under this paragraph shall 
expire one year after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018. The expiration of such 
authority shall not effect the validity of any extension made in 
accordance with this paragraph on or before that date.''.
    SEC. 527. REAUTHORIZATION OF AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO 
      ACTIVE DUTY IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY ASSIGNMENTS.
    Section 688a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``after December 31, 2011.'' and inserting ``outside a period 
as follows:
        ``(1) The period beginning on December 2, 2002, and ending on 
    December 31, 2011.
        ``(2) The period beginning on the date of the enactment of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 and ending 
    on December 31, 2022.''.
    SEC. 528. NOTIFICATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES UNDERGOING 
      CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE SEPARATIONS OF POTENTIAL ELIGIBILITY FOR 
      VETERANS BENEFITS.
    (a) Notification Required.--A member of the Armed Forces who 
receives an administrative separation or mandatory discharge under 
conditions other than honorable shall be provided written notification 
that the member may petition the Veterans Benefits Administration of 
the Department of Veterans Affairs to receive, despite the 
characterization of the member's service, certain benefits under the 
laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Deadline for Notification.--Notification under subsection (a) 
shall be provided to a member described in such subsection in 
conjunction with the member's notification of the administrative 
separation or mandatory discharge or as soon thereafter as practicable.
    SEC. 529. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF VETERANS 
      AFFAIRS TO PROVIDE FOR THE CONDUCT OF MEDICAL DISABILITY 
      EXAMINATIONS BY CONTRACT PHYSICIANS.
    Section 704(c) of the Veterans Benefits Act of 2003 (Public Law 
108-183; 38 U.S.C. 5101 note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
    SEC. 530. PROVISION OF INFORMATION ON NATURALIZATION THROUGH 
      MILITARY SERVICE.
    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps who are aliens lawfully admitted to 
the United States for permanent residence are informed of the 
availability of naturalization through service in the Armed Forces 
under section 328 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1439) and the process by which to pursue naturalization. The Secretary 
shall ensure that resources are available to assist qualified members 
of the Armed Forces to navigate the application and naturalization 
process.

          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues

    SEC. 531. CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS RELATED TO THE UNIFORM CODE OF 
      MILITARY JUSTICE REFORM BY THE MILITARY JUSTICE ACT OF 2016.
    (a) Enforcement of Rights of Victims of Offenses Under UCMJ.--
Section 806b(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code (article 6b(e)(3) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
        (2) by striking ``President, and, to the extent practicable, 
    shall have priority over all other proceedings before the court.'' 
    and inserting the following; ``President, subject to section 830a 
    of this title (article 30a).''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
    ``(B) To the extent practicable, a petition for a writ of mandamus 
described in this subsection shall have priority over all other 
proceedings before the Court of Criminal Appeals.
    ``(C) Review of any decision of the Court of Criminal Appeals on a 
petition for a writ of mandamus described in this subsection shall have 
priority in the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, as determined 
under the rules of the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.''.
    (b) Review of Certain Matters Before Referral of Charges and 
Specifications.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 830a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by section 5202 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E 
of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2904), is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting ``, 
    or otherwise act on,'' after ``to review''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
        ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
    section 806b of this title (article 6b).''.
    (c) Defense Counsel Assistance in Post-trial Matters for Accused 
Convicted by Court-martial.--Section 838(c)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 38(c)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
is amended by striking ``section 860 of this title (article 60)'' and 
inserting ``section 860, 860a, or 860b of this title (article 60, 60a, 
or 60b)''.
    (d) Limitation on Acceptance of Plea Agreements.--Section 853a of 
title 10, United States Code (article 53a of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as added by section 5237 of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2917), is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting 
        a semicolon; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(4) is prohibited by law; or
        ``(5) is contrary to, or is inconsistent with, a regulation 
    prescribed by the President with respect to terms, conditions, or 
    other aspects of plea agreements.''; and
        (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``shall bind the parties and 
    the military judge'' and inserting ``shall bind the parties and the 
    court-martial''.
    (e) Applicability of Standards and Procedures to Sentence Appeal by 
the United States.--Subsection (d)(1) of section 856 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as added by section 5301 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
(division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2919), is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
    after ``concerned,'' the following: ``and consistent with standards 
    and procedures set forth in regulations prescribed by the 
    President,''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting before the period at the 
    end the following: ``, as determined in accordance with standards 
    and procedures prescribed by the President''.
    (f) Sentence of Reduction in Enlisted Grade.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 858a of title 10, 
    United States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of Military 
    Justice), as amended by section 5303(1) of the Military Justice Act 
    of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2923), is 
    further amended in the matter after paragraph (3) by striking ``, 
    effective on the date'' and inserting the following: ``, if such a 
    reduction is authorized by regulation prescribed by the President. 
    The reduction in pay grade shall take effect on the date''.
        (2) Section heading.--The heading of section 858a of title 10, 
    United States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of Military 
    Justice), is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 858a. Art. 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade''.
        (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter VIII of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
    (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by striking the 
    item relating to section 858a (article 58a) and inserting the 
    following new item:

``858a. 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade.''.

    (g) Convening Authority Authorities.--Section 858b(b) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 58b(b) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended in the first sentence by striking ``section 860 of 
this title (article 60)'' and inserting ``section 860a or 860b of this 
title (article 60a or 60b)''.
    (h) Appeal by the United States.--Section 862(b) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 62(b) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended by striking ``, notwithstanding section 866(c) of 
this title (article 66(c))''.
    (i) Rehearing and Sentencing.--Subsection (b) of section 863 of 
title 10, United States Code (article 63 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as added by section 5327 of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2929), is amended 
by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, subject to 
such limitations as the President may prescribe by regulation''.
    (j) Courts of Criminal Appeals.--Section 866 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 66 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
amended by section 5330 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E 
of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2932), is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (e)(2)(C), by inserting after ``required'' 
    the following: ``by regulation prescribed by the President or''; 
    and
        (2) in subsection (f)(3)--
            (A) by inserting ``of Criminal Appeals'' after ``Court'' 
        the first time it appears; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``If 
        the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces determines that 
        additional proceedings are warranted, the Court of Criminal 
        Appeals shall order a hearing or other proceeding in accordance 
        with the direction of the Court of Appeals for the Armed 
        Forces.''.
    (k) Military Justice Review Panel.--Subsection (f) of section 946 
of title 10, United States Code (article 146 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as added by section 5521 of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2962), is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``fiscal year 2020'' in the 
    first sentence and inserting ``fiscal year 2021'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the sentence beginning ``Not 
    later than'' and inserting the following new sentence: ``The 
    analysis under this paragraph shall be included in the assessment 
    required by paragraph (1).''; and
        (3) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph (5):
        ``(5) Reports.--With respect to each review and assessment 
    under this subsection, the Panel shall submit a report to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives. Each report--
            ``(A) shall set forth the results of the review and 
        assessment concerned, including the findings and 
        recommendations of the Panel; and
            ``(B) shall be submitted not later than December 31 of the 
        calendar year in which the review and assessment is 
        concluded.''.
    (l) Transitional Compensation for Dependents of Members Separated 
for Dependent Abuse.--Section 1059(e) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii), by striking ``the approval of'' 
    and all that follows through ``as approved,'' and inserting ``entry 
    of judgment under section 860c of this title (article 60c of the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice) if the sentence''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``by a court-martial'' the 
    second place it appears and all that follows through ``include any 
    such punishment,'' and inserting ``for a dependent-abuse offense 
    and the conviction is disapproved or is otherwise not part of the 
    judgment under section 860c of this title (article 60c of the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice) or the punishment is disapproved 
    or is otherwise not part of the judgment under such section 
    (article),''.
    (m) Benefits for Dependents Who Are Victims of Abuse by Members 
Losing Right to Retired Pay.--Section 1408(h)(10)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``the approval'' and all 
that follows through the end of the subparagraph and inserting ``entry 
of judgment under section 860c of this title (article 60c of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.
    (n) Treatment of Certain Offenses Pending Execution of Military 
Justice Act of 2016 Amendments.--
        (1) Applicability to certain cases.--Section 5542(c)(1) of the 
    Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 
    Stat. 2967) is amended by inserting after ``shall apply to a case 
    in which'' the following: ``a specification alleges the commission, 
    before the effective date of such amendments, of one or more 
    offenses or to a case in which''.
        (2) Child abuse offenses.--With respect to offenses committed 
    before the date designated by the President under section 5542(a) 
    of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-
    328; 130 Stat. 2967), subsection (b)(2)(B) of section 843 of title 
    10, United States Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military 
    Justice), shall be applied as in effect on December 22, 2016.
        (3) Fraudulent enlistment or appointment offenses.--With 
    respect to the period beginning on December 23, 2016, and ending on 
    the day before the date designated by the President under section 
    5542(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public 
    Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2967), in the application of subsection (h) 
    of section 843 of title 10, United States Code (article 43 of the 
    Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by section 5225(b) of 
    that Act (130 Stat. 2909), the reference in such subsection (h) to 
    section 904a(1) of title 10, United States Code (article 104a(1) of 
    the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall be deemed to be a 
    reference to section 883(1) of title 10, United States Code 
    (article 83(1) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    (o) Sentencing in Certain Transitional Cases.--
        (1) In general.--In any transition-period court-martial, the 
    relevant sentencing sections of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
    States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall be 
    applied as follows:
            (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the relevant 
        sentencing sections shall be applied as if the amendments to 
        such sections made by the Military Justice Act of 2016 
        (division E of Public Law 114-328) and this section had not 
        been enacted.
            (B) If the accused so requests, the relevant sentencing 
        sections shall be applied as amended by the Military Justice 
        Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) and this 
        section.
        (2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
            (A) Transition-period court-martial.--The term 
        ``transition-period court-martial'' means a court-martial under 
        chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), that consists of both of the following:
                (i) A prosecution of one or more offenses committed 
            before the date designated by the President under section 
            5542(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of 
            Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2967).
                (ii) A prosecution of one or more offenses committed on 
            or after that date.
            (B) Relevant sentencing sections.--The term ``relevant 
        sentencing sections'' means section 856 of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), and any other sections (articles) of chapter 47 of 
        title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), that, by regulation prescribed by the President, are 
        designated as relevant to sentencing for the purposes of 
        paragraph (1).
    (p) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect immediately after the amendments made by the Military Justice 
Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) take effect as provided 
for in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967).
    SEC. 532. ENHANCEMENT OF EFFECTIVE PROSECUTION AND DEFENSE IN 
      COURTS-MARTIAL AND RELATED MATTERS.
    (a) Additional Element in Program for Effective Prosecution and 
Defense.--Section 542(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 827 note) is 
amended by inserting before the semicolon the following: ``or there is 
adequate supervision and oversight of trial counsel and defense counsel 
so detailed to ensure effective prosecution and defense in the court-
martial''.
    (b) Use of Civilian Employees to Advise Less Experienced Judge 
Advocates in Prosecution and Defense.--Section 542 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 
U.S.C. 827 note) is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (e), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Use of Civilian Employees to Advise Less Experienced Judge 
Advocates in Prosecution and Defense.--The Secretary concerned may use 
highly qualified experts and other civilian employees who are under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned, are available, and are 
experienced in the prosecution or defense of complex criminal cases to 
provide assistance to, and consult with, less experienced judge 
advocates throughout the court-martial process.''.
    (c) Pilot Programs on Professional Developmental Process for Judge 
Advocates.--Subsection (d) of section 542 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 
827 note), as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``establishing'' and all that 
    follows and inserting ``a military justice career track for judge 
    advocates under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
    paragraph (4):
        ``(4) Elements.--Each pilot program shall include the 
    following:
            ``(A) A military justice career track for judge advocates 
        that leads to judge advocates with military justice expertise 
        in the grade of colonel, or in the grade of captain in the case 
        of judge advocates of the Navy.
            ``(B) The use of skill identifiers to identify judge 
        advocates for participation in the pilot program from among 
        judge advocates having appropriate skill and experience in 
        military justice matters.
            ``(C) Guidance for promotion boards considering the 
        selection for promotion of officers participating in the pilot 
        program in order to ensure that judge advocates who are 
        participating in the pilot program have the same opportunity 
        for promotion as all other judge advocate officers being 
        considered for promotion by such boards.
            ``(D) Such other matters as the Secretary concerned 
        considers appropriate.''.
    SEC. 533. PUNITIVE ARTICLE UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
      JUSTICE ON WRONGFUL BROADCAST OR DISTRIBUTION OF INTIMATE VISUAL 
      IMAGES OR VISUAL IMAGES OF SEXUALLY EXPLICIT CONDUCT.
    (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 917 (article 117 of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice) the following new section 
(article):
``Sec. 917a. Art. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate 
    visual images
    ``(a) Prohibition.--Any person subject to this chapter--
        ``(1) who knowingly and wrongfully broadcasts or distributes an 
    intimate visual image of another person or a visual image of 
    sexually explicit conduct involving a person who--
            ``(A) is at least 18 years of age at the time the intimate 
        visual image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct was 
        created;
            ``(B) is identifiable from the intimate visual image or 
        visual image of sexually explicit conduct itself, or from 
        information displayed in connection with the intimate visual 
        image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct; and
            ``(C) does not explicitly consent to the broadcast or 
        distribution of the intimate visual image or visual image of 
        sexually explicit conduct;
        ``(2) who knows or reasonably should have known that the 
    intimate visual image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct 
    was made under circumstances in which the person depicted in the 
    intimate visual image or visual image of sexually explicit conduct 
    retained a reasonable expectation of privacy regarding any 
    broadcast or distribution of the intimate visual image or visual 
    image of sexually explicit conduct;
        ``(3) who knows or reasonably should have known that the 
    broadcast or distribution of the intimate visual image or visual 
    image of sexually explicit conduct is likely--
            ``(A) to cause harm, harassment, intimidation, emotional 
        distress, or financial loss for the person depicted in the 
        intimate visual image or visual image of sexually explicit 
        conduct; or
            ``(B) to harm substantially the depicted person with 
        respect to that person's health, safety, business, calling, 
        career, financial condition, reputation, or personal 
        relationships; and
        ``(4) whose conduct, under the circumstances, had a reasonably 
    direct and palpable connection to a military mission or military 
    environment,
is guilty of wrongful distribution of intimate visual images or visual 
images of sexually explicit conduct and shall be punished as a court-
martial may direct.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Broadcast.--The term `broadcast' means to electronically 
    transmit a visual image with the intent that it be viewed by a 
    person or persons.
        ``(2) Distribute.--The term `distribute' means to deliver to 
    the actual or constructive possession of another person, including 
    transmission by mail or electronic means.
        ``(3) Intimate visual image.--The term `intimate visual image' 
    means a visual image that depicts a private area of a person.
        ``(4) Private area.--The term `private area' means the naked or 
    underwear-clad genitalia, anus, buttocks, or female areola or 
    nipple.
        ``(5) Reasonable expectation of privacy.--The term `reasonable 
    expectation of privacy' means circumstances in which a reasonable 
    person would believe that a private area of the person, or sexually 
    explicit conduct involving the person, would not be visible to the 
    public.
        ``(6) Sexually explicit conduct.--The term `sexually explicit 
    conduct' means actual or simulated genital-genital contact, oral-
    genital contact, anal-genital contact, or oral-anal contact, 
    whether between persons of the same or opposite sex, bestiality, 
    masturbation, or sadistic or masochistic abuse.
        ``(7) Visual image.--The term `visual image' means the 
    following:
            ``(A) Any developed or undeveloped photograph, picture, 
        film, or video.
            ``(B) Any digital or computer image, picture, film, or 
        video made by any means, including those transmitted by any 
        means, including streaming media, even if not stored in a 
        permanent format.
            ``(C) Any digital or electronic data capable of conversion 
        into a visual image.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 917 (article 117) the following new item:

``917a. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual 
          images.''.
    SEC. 534. GARNISHMENT TO SATISFY JUDGMENT RENDERED FOR PHYSICALLY, 
      SEXUALLY, OR EMOTIONALLY ABUSING A CHILD.
    (a) Garnishment Authority.--Section 1408 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) Garnishment To Satisfy a Judgment Rendered for Physically, 
Sexually, or Emotionally Abusing a Child.--(1) Subject to paragraph 
(2), any payment of retired pay that would otherwise be made to a 
member shall be paid (in whole or in part) by the Secretary concerned 
to another person if and to the extent expressly provided for in the 
terms of a child abuse garnishment order.
    ``(2) A court order providing for the payment of child support or 
alimony or, with respect to a division of property, specifically 
providing for the payment of an amount of the disposable retired pay 
from a member to the spouse or a former spouse of the member, shall be 
given priority over a child abuse garnishment order. The total amount 
of the disposable retired pay of a member payable under a child abuse 
garnishment order shall not exceed 25 percent of the member's 
disposable retired pay.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `court order' includes a child 
abuse garnishment order.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the term `child abuse garnishment order' 
means a final decree issued by a court that--
        ``(A) is issued in accordance with the laws of the jurisdiction 
    of that court; and
        ``(B) provides in the nature of garnishment for the enforcement 
    of a judgment rendered against the member for physically, sexually, 
    or emotionally abusing a child.
    ``(5) For purposes of this subsection, a judgment rendered for 
physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child is any legal claim 
perfected through a final enforceable judgment, which claim is based in 
whole or in part upon the physical, sexual, or emotional abuse of an 
individual under 18 years of age, whether or not that abuse is 
accompanied by other actionable wrongdoing, such as sexual exploitation 
or gross negligence.
    ``(6) If the Secretary concerned is served with more than one court 
order with respect to the retired pay of a member, the disposable 
retired pay of the member shall be available to satisfy such court 
orders on a first-come, first-served basis, subject to the order of 
precedence specified in paragraph (2), with any such process being 
satisfied out of such monies as remain after the satisfaction of all 
such processes which have been previously served.
    ``(7) The Secretary concerned shall not be required to vary normal 
pay and disbursement cycles for retired pay in order to comply with a 
child abuse garnishment order.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--Subsection (l) of section 1408 of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply 
with respect to a court order received by the Secretary concerned on or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, regardless of the date of 
the court order.
    SEC. 535. SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE TRAINING FOR ALL 
      INDIVIDUALS ENLISTED IN THE ARMED FORCES UNDER A DELAYED ENTRY 
      PROGRAM.
    (a) Training Required.--Commencing not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary concerned shall, 
insofar as practicable, provide training on sexual assault prevention 
and response to each individual under the jurisdiction of such 
Secretary who is enlisted in the Armed Forces under a delayed entry 
program such that each such individual completes such training before 
the date of commencement of basic training or initial active duty for 
training in the Armed Forces.
    (b) Training Elements.--The training provided pursuant to 
subsection (a)--
        (1) shall, to the extent practicable, be uniform across the 
    Armed Forces;
        (2) should be provided through in-person instruction, whenever 
    possible;
        (3) should include instruction on the proper use of social 
    media; and
        (4) shall meet such other requirements as the Secretary of 
    Defense may establish.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``delayed entry program'' means the following:
            (A) The Future Soldiers Program of the Army.
            (B) The Delayed Entry Program of the Navy and the Marine 
        Corps.
            (C) The program of the Air Force for the delayed entry of 
        enlistees into the Air Force.
            (D) The program of the Coast Guard for the delayed entry of 
        enlistees into the Coast Guard.
            (E) Any successor program to a program referred to in 
        subparagraphs (A) through (D).
        (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 536. SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TRAINING REGARDING THE UNIQUE 
      CHALLENGES OFTEN FACED BY MALE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.
    The baseline Special Victims' Counsel training established under 
section 1044e(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, shall include 
training for Special Victims' Counsel to recognize and deal with the 
unique challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.
    SEC. 537. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN ANNUAL SAPRO REPORTS 
      REGARDING MILITARY SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND INCIDENTS INVOLVING 
      NONCONSENSUAL DISTRIBUTION OF PRIVATE SEXUAL IMAGES.
    (a) Additional Reporting Requirements.--Section 1631(b) of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
        ``(13) Information and data collected through formal and 
    informal reports of sexual harassment involving members of the 
    Armed Forces during the year covered by the report, as follows:
            ``(A) The number of substantiated and unsubstantiated 
        reports.
            ``(B) A synopsis of each substantiated report.
            ``(C) The action taken in the case of each substantiated 
        report, including the type of disciplinary or administrative 
        sanction imposed, if any, such as--
                ``(i) conviction and sentence by court-martial;
                ``(ii) imposition of non-judicial punishment under 
            section 815 of title 10, United States Code (article 15 of 
            the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
                ``(iii) administrative separation or other type of 
            administrative action imposed.
        ``(14) Information and data collected during the year covered 
    by the report on each reported incident involving the nonconsensual 
    distribution by a person subject to chapter 47 of title 10, United 
    States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), of a private 
    sexual image of another person, including the following:
            ``(A) The number of substantiated and unsubstantiated 
        reports.
            ``(B) A synopsis of each substantiated report.
            ``(C) The action taken in the case of each substantiated 
        report, including the type of disciplinary or administrative 
        sanction imposed, if any, such as--
                ``(i) conviction and sentence by court-martial;
                ``(ii) imposition of non-judicial punishment under 
            section 815 of title 10, United States Code (article 15 of 
            the Uniform Code of Military Justice); or
                ``(iii) administrative separation or other type of 
            administrative action imposed.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by this section 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply 
beginning with the reports required to be submitted by March 1, 2020, 
under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note).
    SEC. 538. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN ANNUAL SAPRO REPORTS 
      REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS COMMITTED BY A MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES AGAINST THE MEMBER'S SPOUSE OR OTHER FAMILY MEMBER.
    Beginning with the reports required to be submitted by March 1, 
2019, under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note), information regarding a sexual assault committed by a 
member of the Armed Forces against the spouse or intimate partner of 
the member or another dependent of the member shall be included in such 
reports in addition to the annual Family Advocacy Program report. The 
information may be included as an annex to such reports.

   Subtitle E--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

    SEC. 541. ELEMENT IN PRESEPARATION COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES ON ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT SERVICES FOR CAREGIVERS OF 
      CERTAIN VETERANS THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.
    (a) In General.--Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(18) A description, developed in consultation with the 
    Secretary of Veterans Affairs, of the assistance and support 
    services for family caregivers of eligible veterans under the 
    program conducted by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs pursuant to 
    section 1720G of title 38, including the veterans covered by the 
    program, the caregivers eligible for assistance and support through 
    the program, and the assistance and support available through the 
    program.''.
    (b) Participation of Potential Caregivers in Appropriate 
Preseparation Counseling.--
        (1) In general.--In accordance with procedures established by 
    the Secretary of Defense, each Secretary of a military department 
    shall take appropriate actions to achieve the following:
            (A) To determine whether each member of the Armed Forces 
        under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who is undergoing 
        preseparation counseling pursuant to section 1142 of title 10, 
        United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), and who may 
        require caregiver services after separation from the Armed 
        Forces has identified an individual to provide such services 
        after the member's separation.
            (B) In the case of a member described in subparagraph (A) 
        who has identified an individual to provide caregiver services 
        after the member's separation, at the election of the member, 
        to permit such individual to participate in appropriate 
        sessions of the member's preseparation counseling in order to 
        inform such individual of--
                (i) the assistance and support services available to 
            caregivers of members after separation from the Armed 
            Forces; and
                (ii) the manner in which the member's transition to 
            civilian life after separation may likely affect such 
            individual as a caregiver.
        (2) Caregivers.--For purposes of this subsection, individuals 
    who provide caregiver services refers to individuals (including a 
    spouse, partner, parent, sibling, adult child, other relative, or 
    friend) who provide physical or emotional assistance to former 
    members of the Armed Forces during and after their transition from 
    military life to civilian life following separation from the Armed 
    Forces.
        (3) Deadline for commencement.--Each Secretary of a miliary 
    department shall commence the actions required pursuant to this 
    subsection by not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 542. IMPROVED EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMY, 
      NAVY, AIR FORCE, AND MARINE CORPS AND VETERANS.
    (a) Improved Employment Skills Verification.--Section 1143(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary of Defense''; 
    and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) In order to improve the accuracy and completeness of a 
certification or verification of job skills and experience required by 
paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(A) establish a database to record all training performed by 
    members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps that may 
    have application to employment in the civilian sector; and
        ``(B) make unclassified information regarding such information 
    available to States and other potential employers referred to in 
    subsection (c) so that State and other entities may allow military 
    training to satisfy licensing or certification requirements to 
    engage in a civilian profession.''.
    (b) Improved Accuracy of Certificates of Training and Skills.--
Section 1143(a) of title 10, United States Code, is further amended by 
inserting after paragraph (2), as added by subsection (a), the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a certification or 
verification of job skills and experience required by paragraph (1) is 
rendered in such a way that States and other potential employers can 
confirm the accuracy and authenticity of the certification or 
verification.''.
    (c) Improved Responsiveness to Certification Requests.--Section 
1143(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``For the purpose''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) A State may--
        ``(i) use a certification or verification of job skills and 
    experience provided to a member of the armed forces under 
    subsection (a); and
        ``(ii) in the case of members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and 
    Marine Corps, request the Department of Defense to confirm the 
    accuracy and authenticity of the certification or verification.
    ``(B) A response confirming or denying the information shall be 
provided within five business days.''.
    (d) Improved Notice to Members.--Section 1142(b)(4)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting before the semicolon the 
following: ``, including State-submitted and approved lists of military 
training and skills that satisfy occupational certifications and 
licenses''.
    SEC. 543. LIMITATION ON RELEASE OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY 
      GRADUATES TO PARTICIPATE IN PROFESSIONAL ATHLETICS.
    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4348(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(5) That the cadet--
            ``(A) will not seek release from the cadet's commissioned 
        service obligation to obtain employment as a professional 
        athlete following graduation until the cadet completes a period 
        of at least two consecutive years of commissioned service; and
            ``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
        described in paragraph (3) will not be used to allow the cadet 
        to obtain such employment until at least the end of that two-
        year period.''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6959(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(5) That the midshipman--
            ``(A) will not seek release from the midshipman's 
        commissioned service obligation to obtain employment as a 
        professional athlete following graduation until the midshipman 
        completes a period of at least two consecutive years of 
        commissioned service; and
            ``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
        described in paragraph (3) will not be used to allow the 
        midshipman to obtain such employment until at least the end of 
        that two-year period.''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9348(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(5) That the cadet--
            ``(A) will not seek release from the cadet's commissioned 
        service obligation to obtain employment as a professional 
        athlete following graduation until the cadet completes a period 
        of at least two consecutive years of commissioned service; and
            ``(B) understands that the appointment alternative 
        described in paragraph (2) will not be used to allow the cadet 
        to obtain such employment until at least the end of that two-
        year period.''.
    (d) Application of Amendments.--The Secretaries of the military 
departments shall promptly revise the cadet and midshipman service 
agreements under sections 4348, 6959, and 9348 of title 10, United 
States Code, to reflect the amendments made by this section. The 
revised agreement shall apply to cadets and midshipmen who are 
attending the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval 
Academy, or the United States Air Force Academy on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and to persons who begin attendance at such 
military service academies on or after that date.
    SEC. 544. TWO-YEAR EXTENSION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE 
      PROGRAM FOR THE NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVES.
    Section 10219(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2018'' and inserting ``October 1, 2020''.
    SEC. 545. ANNUAL CERTIFICATIONS RELATED TO READY, RELEVANT LEARNING 
      INITIATIVE OF THE NAVY.
    (a) Annual Certifications Required.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
and each year thereafter, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a certification on the status of implementation of the 
Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy for each applicable 
enlisted rating.
    (b) Elements.--Each certification under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A certification by the Commander of the United States Fleet 
    Forces Command that the block learning and modernized delivery 
    methods of the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative to be 
    implemented during the fiscal year beginning in which such 
    certification is submitted will meet or exceed the existing 
    training delivery approach for all associated training 
    requirements.
        (2) A certification by the Secretary of the Navy that the 
    content re-engineering necessary to meet all training objectives 
    and transition from the traditional training curriculum to the 
    modernized delivery format to be implemented during such fiscal 
    year will be complete prior to such transition, including full 
    functionality of all required course software and hardware.
        (3) A detailed cost estimate of transitioning to the block 
    learning and modernized delivery approaches to be implemented 
    during such fiscal year with funding listed by purpose, amount, 
    appropriations account, budget program element or line item, and 
    end strength adjustments.
        (4) A detailed phasing plan associated with transitioning to 
    the block learning and modernized delivery approaches to be 
    implemented during such fiscal year, including the current status, 
    timing, and identification of reductions in ``A'' school and ``C'' 
    school courses, curricula, funding, and personnel.
        (5) A certification by the Secretary of the Navy that--
            (A) the contracting strategy associated with transitioning 
        to the modernized delivery approach to be implemented during 
        such fiscal year has been completed; and
            (B) contracting actions contain sufficient specification 
        detail to enable a low risk approach to receiving the 
        deliverable end item or items on-budget, on-schedule, and with 
        satisfactory performance.
    SEC. 546. AUTHORITY TO EXPAND ELIGIBILITY FOR THE UNITED STATES 
      MILITARY APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM.
    (a) Expansion Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may expand 
eligibility for the United Services Military Apprenticeship Program to 
include any member of the uniformed services.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``uniformed services'' 
has the meaning given such term in section 101(a)(5) of title 10, 
United States Code.
    SEC. 547. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ATTENDANCE OF AIR 
      FORCE ENLISTED PERSONNEL AT AIR FORCE OFFICER PROFESSIONAL 
      MILITARY EDUCATION IN-RESIDENCE COURSES.
    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended for the purpose of the attendance of Air Force 
enlisted personnel at Air Force officer professional military education 
(PME) in-residence courses until the later of--
        (1) the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to 
    the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives, and to the Comptroller General of the United 
    States, a report on the attendance of such personnel at such 
    courses as described in subsection (b);
        (2) the date on which the Comptroller General submits to such 
    committees the report setting forth an assessment of the report 
    under paragraph (1) as described in subsection (c); or
        (3) 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Secretary of the Air Force Report.--The report of the Secretary 
described in subsection (a)(1) shall include the following:
        (1) The purpose of the attendance of Air Force enlisted 
    personnel at Air Force officer professional military education in-
    residence courses.
        (2) The objectives for the attendance of such enlisted 
    personnel at such officer professional military education courses.
        (3) The required prerequisites for such enlisted personnel to 
    attend such officer professional military education courses.
        (4) The process for selecting such enlisted personnel to attend 
    such officer professional military education courses.
        (5) The impact of the attendance of such enlisted personnel at 
    such officer professional military education courses on the 
    availability of officer allocations for the attendance of officers 
    at such courses.
        (6) The impact of the attendance of such enlisted personnel at 
    such officer professional military education courses on the morale 
    and retention of officers attending such courses.
        (7) The resources required for such enlisted personnel to 
    attend such officer professional military education courses.
        (8) The impact on unit and overall Air Force manning levels of 
    the attendance of such enlisted personnel at such officer 
    professional military education courses, especially at the 
    statutorily-limited end strengths of grades E-8 and E-9.
        (9) The extent to which graduation by such enlisted personnel 
    from such officer professional military education courses is a 
    requirement for Air Force or joint assignments.
        (10) The planned assignment utilization for Air Force enlisted 
    graduates of such officer professional military education courses.
        (11) Any other matters in connection with the attendance of 
    such enlisted personnel at such officer professional military 
    education courses that the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Comptroller General of the United States Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date the 
    Secretary submits the report described in subsection (a)(1), the 
    Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing 
    on an assessment of the report by the Comptroller General. As soon 
    as practicable after the briefing, the Comptroller General shall 
    submit to such committees a report on such assessment for purposes 
    of subsection (a)(2).
        (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
    following:
            (A) An assessment of whether the conclusions and assertions 
        included in the report of the Secretary under subsection (a) 
        are comprehensive, fully supported, and sufficiently detailed.
            (B) An identification of any shortcomings, limitations, or 
        other reportable matters that affect the quality of the 
        findings or conclusions of the report of the Secretary.
    SEC. 548. LIEUTENANT HENRY OSSIAN FLIPPER LEADERSHIP SCHOLARSHIPS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army shall designate a number 
of scholarships under the Army Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
(SROTC) program that are available to students at minority-serving 
institutions as ``Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership 
Scholarships''.
    (b) Number Designated.--The number of scholarships designated 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall be the number the Secretary determines 
appropriate to increase the number of Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps scholarships at minority-serving institutions. In making the 
determination, the Secretary shall give appropriate consideration to 
the following:
        (1) The number of Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
    scholarships available at all institutions participating in the 
    Senior Reserve Officer's Training Corps program.
        (2) The number of such minority-serving institutions that offer 
    the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program to their 
    students.
    (c) Amount of Scholarship.--The Secretary may increase any 
scholarship designated pursuant to subsection (a) to an amount in 
excess of the amount of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
program scholarship that would otherwise be offered at the minority-
serving institution concerned if the Secretary considers that a 
scholarship of such increased amount is appropriate for the purpose of 
the scholarship.
    (d) Minority-serving Institution Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``minority-serving institution'' means an institution of higher 
education described in section 371(a) of the Higher Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)).
    SEC. 549. PILOT PROGRAMS ON APPOINTMENT IN THE EXCEPTED SERVICE IN 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF PHYSICALLY DISQUALIFIED FORMER 
      CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN.
    (a) Pilot Programs Authorized.--
        (1) In general.--Each Secretary of a military department may 
    carry out a pilot program under which former cadets or midshipmen 
    described in paragraph (2) (in this section referred to as 
    ``eligible individuals'') under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
    may be appointed by the Secretary of Defense in the excepted 
    service under section 3320 of title 5, United States Code, in the 
    Department of Defense.
        (2) Cadets and midshipmen.--Except as provided in paragraph 
    (3), a former cadet or midshipman described in this paragraph is 
    any former cadet at the United States Military Academy or the 
    United States Air Force Academy, and any former midshipman at the 
    United States Naval Academy, who--
            (A) completed the prescribed course of instruction and 
        graduated from the applicable service academy; and
            (B) is determined to be medically disqualified to complete 
        a period of active duty in the Armed Forces prescribed in an 
        agreement signed by such cadet or midshipman in accordance with 
        section 4348, 6959, or 9348 of title 10, United States Code.
        (3) Exception.--A former cadet or midshipman whose medical 
    disqualification as described in paragraph (2)(B) is the result of 
    the gross negligence or misconduct of the former cadet or 
    midshipman is not an eligible individual for purposes of 
    appointment under a pilot program.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot programs conducted under 
this section is to evaluate the feasibility and advisability of 
permitting eligible individuals who cannot accept a commission or 
complete a period of active duty in the Armed Forces prescribed by the 
Secretary of the military department concerned to fulfill an obligation 
for active duty service in the Armed Forces through service as a 
civilian employee of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Positions.--
        (1) In general.--The positions to which an eligible individual 
    may be appointed under a pilot program conducted under this section 
    are existing positions within the Department of Defense in grades 
    up to GS-9 under the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 
    5, United States Code (or equivalent). The authority in subsection 
    (a) does not authorize the creation of additional positions, or 
    create any vacancies to which eligible individuals may be appointed 
    under a pilot program.
        (2) Term positions.--Any appointment under a pilot program 
    shall be to a position having a term of five years or less.
    (d) Scope of Authority.--
        (1) Recruitment and retention of eligible individuals.--The 
    authority in subsection (a) may be used only to the extent 
    necessary to recruit and retain on a non-competitive basis cadets 
    and midshipmen who are relieved of an obligation for active duty in 
    the Armed Forces due to becoming medically disqualified from 
    serving on active duty in the Armed Forces, and may not be used to 
    appoint any other individuals in the excepted service.
        (2) Voluntary acceptance of appointments.--A pilot program 
    conducted under this section may not be used as an implicit or 
    explicit basis for compelling an eligible individual to accept an 
    appointment in the excepted service in accordance with this 
    section.
    (e) Relationship to Repayment Provisions.--Completion of a term 
appointment pursuant to a pilot program conducted under this section 
shall relieve the eligible individual concerned of any repayment 
obligation under section 303a(e) or 373 of title 37, United States 
Code, with respect to the agreement of the individual described in 
subsection (a)(2)(B).
    (f) Termination.--
        (1) In general.--The authority to appoint eligible individuals 
    in the excepted service under a pilot program conducted under this 
    section shall expire on the date that is four years after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) Effect on existing appointments.--The termination by 
    paragraph (1) of the authority in subsection (a) shall not affect 
    any appointment made under that authority before the termination 
    date specified in paragraph (1) in accordance with the terms of 
    such appointment.
    (g) Reporting Requirement.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than the date that is three 
    years after the date of the enactment of this Act, each Secretary 
    of a military department shall submit to the appropriate 
    congressional committees a report containing an evaluation of the 
    effectiveness of the pilot program conducted by such Secretary 
    under this section, including the number of eligible individuals 
    appointed as civilian employees of the Department of Defense under 
    the program and the retention rate for such employees.
        (2) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
    section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
    the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Homeland 
    Security and Government Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
    Armed Services and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform 
    of the House of Representatives.

Subtitle F--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

             PART I--DEFENSE DEPENDENTS' EDUCATION MATTERS

    SEC. 551. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.
    (a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
        (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
    for fiscal year 2018 pursuant to section 301 and available for 
    operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified 
    in the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be 
    available for payments under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (20 U.S.C. 
    7703a).
        (2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
    subsection (a) for payments as described in that subsection, 
    $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
    educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, in the 
    discretion of the Secretary, to have higher concentrations of 
    military children with severe disabilities.
    (b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2018 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $40,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).
    SEC. 552. TRANSITIONS OF MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS FROM 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEPENDENT SCHOOLS TO OTHER SCHOOLS AND 
      AMONG SCHOOLS OF LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.
    (a) Permanent Support Authority.--Section 574(c) of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 20 U.S.C. 7703b note) is amended by striking paragraph (3).
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 572(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 20 U.S.C. 
7703b note) is amended by striking ``that includes a request for the 
extension of section 574(c) of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 shall include'' and inserting 
``shall include, with respect to section 574(c) of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 20 U.S.C. 7703b note),''.
    SEC. 553. REPORT ON EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES IN SCIENCE, 
      TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS FOR CHILDREN WHO ARE 
      DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    Not later than two years after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report containing a description and assessment of--
        (1) current Department of Defense programs intended to improve 
    educational opportunities and achievement in science, technology, 
    engineering, and mathematics for children who are dependents of 
    members of the Armed Forces; and
        (2) Department of Defense efforts to increase opportunities and 
    achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
    for children who are dependents of members of the Armed Forces.

               PART II--MILITARY FAMILY READINESS MATTERS

    SEC. 555. CODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT FAMILY SUPPORT 
      PROGRAMS FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES ASSIGNED TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES.
    (a) Codification of Existing Authority.--Chapter 88 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1788 a new 
section 1788a consisting of--
        (1) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 1788a. Family support programs: immediate family members of 
     members of special operations forces''; and
        (2) a text consisting of subsections (a), (b), (d), and (e) of 
    section 554 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1788 note).
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Section 1788a of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, is further 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (d), as so added, as subsection 
    (c); and
        (2) by inserting after such subsection the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Annual Report.--
        ``(1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, and each 
    March 1 thereafter, the Commander, in coordination with the Under 
    Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report describing the 
    progress made in achieving the goals of the family support programs 
    conducted under this section.
        ``(2) Elements of reports.--Each report under this subsection 
    shall include the following:
            ``(A) A detailed description of the programs conducted 
        under this section to address family support requirements for 
        family members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
        special operations forces.
            ``(B) An assessment of the impact of the programs on 
        military readiness and on family members of members of the 
        armed forces assigned to special operations forces.
            ``(C) A description of the special operations-peculiar 
        aspects of the programs and a comparison and differentiation of 
        these programs with other programs conducted by the Secretaries 
        of the military departments to provide family support services 
        to immediate family members of members of the armed forces.
            ``(D) Recommendations for incorporating lessons learned 
        into other family support programs.
            ``(E) Any other matters the Commander considers appropriate 
        regarding the programs.''.
    (c) Funding.--Subsection (c) of section 1788a of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section and 
redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended by 
striking ``specified'' and all that follows through the end of the 
subsection and inserting ``, from funds available for Major Force 
Program 11, to carry out family support programs under this section.''.
    (d) Elimination of Pilot Program References and Other Conforming 
Amendments.--Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a) of this section, is further amended--
        (1) by striking ``Armed Forces'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``armed forces'';
        (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears;
        (3) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Pilot''; and
            (B) by striking ``up to three'' and all that follows 
        through ``providing'' and inserting ``programs to provide''; 
        and
        (4) in subsection (e)--
            (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``title 10, United States 
        Code'' and inserting ``this title''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``such title'' and 
        inserting ``this title''.
    (e) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of chapter 88 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 1788 the following new 
item:

``1788a. Family support programs: immediate family members of members of 
          special operations forces.''.

    (f) Conforming Repeal.--Section 554 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
1788 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 556. REIMBURSEMENT FOR STATE LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS 
      OF A SPOUSE OF A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES ARISING FROM 
      RELOCATION TO ANOTHER STATE.
    (a) Reimbursement Authorized.--Section 476 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(p)(1) From amounts otherwise made available for a fiscal year to 
provide travel and transportation allowances under this chapter, the 
Secretary concerned may reimburse a member of the armed forces for 
qualified relicensing costs of the spouse of the member when--
        ``(A) the member is reassigned, either as a permanent change of 
    station or permanent change of assignment, from a duty station in 
    one State to a duty station in another State; and
        ``(B) the movement of the member's dependents is authorized at 
    the expense of the United States under this section as part of the 
    reassignment.
    ``(2) Reimbursement provided to a member under this subsection may 
not exceed $500 in connection with each reassignment described in 
paragraph (1).
    ``(3) Not later than December 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense, 
in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to 
the Coast Guard, shall submit to the congressional defense committees, 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Government Affairs of the 
Senate, and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
House of Representatives a report--
        ``(A) describing the extent to which the reimbursement 
    authority provided by this subsection has been used; and
        ``(B) containing a recommendation by the Secretaries regarding 
    whether the authority should be extended beyond the date specified 
    in paragraph (4).
    ``(4) No reimbursement may be provided under this subsection for 
qualified relicensing costs paid or incurred after December 31, 2022.
    ``(5) In this subsection, the term `qualified relicensing costs' 
means costs, including exam and registration fees, that--
        ``(A) are imposed by the State of the new duty station to 
    secure a license or certification to engage in the same profession 
    that the spouse of the member engaged in while in the State of the 
    original duty station; and
        ``(B) are paid or incurred by the member or spouse to secure 
    the license or certification from the State of the new duty station 
    after the date on which the orders directing the reassignment 
    described in paragraph (1) are issued.''.
    (b) Development of Recommendations to Expedite License Portability 
for Military Spouses.--
        (1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of Defense, and 
    the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard, 
    shall consult with States--
            (A) to identify barriers to the portability between States 
        of a license, certification, or other grant of permission held 
        by the spouse of a member of the Armed Forces to engage in an 
        occupation when the spouse moves between States as part of a 
        permanent change of station or permanent change of assignment 
        of the member; and
            (B) to develop recommendations for the Federal Government 
        and the States, together or separately, to expedite the 
        portability of such licenses, certifications, and other grants 
        of permission for military spouses.
        (2) Specific considerations.--In conducting the consultation 
    and preparing the recommendations under paragraph (1), the 
    Secretaries shall consider the feasibility of--
            (A) States accepting licenses, certifications, and other 
        grants of permission described in paragraph (1) issued by 
        another State and in good standing in that State;
            (B) the issuance of a temporary license pending completion 
        of State-specific requirements; and
            (C) the establishment of an expedited review process for 
        military spouses.
        (3) Report required.--Not later than March 15, 2018, the 
    Secretaries shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
    committees and the States a report containing the recommendations 
    developed under this subsection.
        (4) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
    subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
    the congressional defense committees, the Committee on Homeland 
    Security and Government Affairs of the Senate, and the Committee on 
    Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives.
    SEC. 557. TEMPORARY EXTENSION OF EXTENDED PERIOD OF PROTECTIONS FOR 
      MEMBERS OF UNIFORMED SERVICES RELATING TO MORTGAGES, MORTGAGE 
      FORECLOSURE, AND EVICTION.
    Section 710(d) of the Honoring America's Veterans and Caring for 
Camp Lejeune Families Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-154; 50 U.S.C. 3953 
note) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
    inserting ``December 31, 2019''; and
        (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``January 1, 2018'' and 
    inserting ``January 1, 2020''.
    SEC. 558. ENHANCING MILITARY CHILDCARE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES OF 
      THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Hours of Operation of Military Childcare Development Centers.--
Each Secretary of a military department shall ensure, to the extent 
practicable, that the hours of operation of each childcare development 
center under the jurisdiction of the Secretary are established and 
maintained in manner that takes into account the demands and 
circumstances of members of the Armed Forces, including members of the 
reserve components, who use such center in facilitation of the 
performance of their military duties.
    (b) Matters to Be Taken Into Account.--The demands and 
circumstances to be taken into account under subsection (a) for 
purposes of setting and maintaining the hours of operation of a 
childcare development center shall include the following:
        (1) Mission requirements of units whose members use the 
    childcare development center.
        (2) The unpredictability of work schedules, and fluctuations in 
    day-to-day work hours, of such members.
        (3) The potential for frequent and prolonged absences of such 
    members for training, operations, and deployments.
        (4) The location of the childcare development center on the 
    military installation concerned, including the location in 
    connection with duty locations of members and applicable military 
    family housing.
        (5) Such other matters as the Secretary of the military 
    department concerned considers appropriate for purposes of this 
    section.
    (c) Childcare Coordinators for Military Installations.--Each 
Secretary of a military department may provide for a childcare 
coordinator at each military installation under the jurisdiction of the 
Secretary at which are stationed significant numbers of members of the 
Armed Forces with accompanying dependent children, as determined by the 
Secretary. The childcare coordinator may work with the commander of the 
installation to ensure that childcare is available and responsive to 
the needs of members assigned to the installation.
    SEC. 559. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR 
      CHILDCARE SERVICES PROVIDERS FOR DEPARTMENT CHILD DEVELOPMENT 
      CENTERS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may appoint, without 
regard to any provision of subchapter I of chapter 33 of title 5, 
United States Code, qualified childcare services providers in the 
competitive service if the Secretary determines that--
        (1) there is a critical hiring need for childcare services 
    providers for Department of Defense child development centers; and
        (2) there is a shortage of childcare services providers.
    (b) Regulations.--The Secretary shall carry out this section in 
accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary for purposes of 
this section.
    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--The Secretary shall prescribe the 
regulations required by subsection (b), and commence implementation of 
subsection (a), by not later than May 1, 2018.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2019 and 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives, the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, the 
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
Representatives, and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs of the Senate on the use of the appointment 
authority provided by subsection (a).
    (e) Childcare Services Provider Defined.--In this section, the term 
``childcare services provider'' means a person who provides childcare 
services for dependent children of members of the Armed Forces and 
civilian employees of the Department of Defense in child development 
centers on Department installations.
    (f) Expiration of Authority.--The appointment authority provided by 
subsection (a) expires on September 30, 2021.
    SEC. 560. PILOT PROGRAM ON PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR TELEWORK 
      FACILITIES FOR MILITARY SPOUSES ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS OUTSIDE 
      THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) In General.--Commencing not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
a pilot program to assess the feasability and advisability of providing 
telework facilities for military spouses on military installations 
outside the United States. The Secretary shall consult with the host 
nation or nations concerned in carrying out the pilot program.
    (b) Number of Installations.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
pilot program at not less than two military installations outside the 
United States selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program.
    (c) Duration.--The duration of the pilot program shall be a period 
selected by the Secretary, but not more than three years.
    (d) Elements.--The pilot program shall include the following 
elements:
        (1) The pilot program shall be conducted as one or more public-
    private partnerships between the Department of Defense and a 
    private corporation or partnership of private corporations.
        (2) The corporation or corporations participating in the pilot 
    program shall contribute to the carrying out of the pilot program 
    an amount equal to the amount committed by the Secretary to the 
    pilot program at the time of its commencement.
        (3) The Secretary shall enter into one or more memoranda of 
    understanding with the corporation or corporations participating in 
    the pilot program for purposes of the pilot program, including the 
    amounts to be contributed by such corporation or corporations 
    pursuant to paragraph (2).
        (4) The telework undertaken by military spouses under the pilot 
    program may only be for United States companies.
        (5) The pilot program shall permit military spouses to provide 
    administrative, informational technology, professional, and other 
    necessary support to companies through telework from Department 
    installations outside the United States.
    (e) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2018 by section 421 and available for military personnel as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401, up to $1,000,000 may be 
available to carry out the pilot program, including entry into 
memoranda of understanding pursuant to subsection (d)(3) and payment by 
the Secretary of the amount committed by the Secretary to the pilot 
program pursuant to subsection (d)(2).

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

    SEC. 561. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO GARLIN 
      M. CONNER FOR ACTS OF VALOR DURING WORLD WAR II.
    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
award the Medal of Honor under section 3741 of such title to Garlin M. 
Conner for the acts of valor during World War II described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Garlin M. Conner during combat on 
January 24, 1945, as a member of the United States Army in the grade of 
First Lieutenant in France while serving with Company K, 3d Battalion, 
7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division, for which he was 
previously awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.
    SEC. 562. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS TO 
      SPECIALIST FRANK M. CRARY FOR ACTS OF VALOR IN VIETNAM.
    (a) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations specified 
in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, or any other time 
limitation with respect to the awarding of certain medals to persons 
who served in the Armed Forces, the President may award the 
Distinguished-Service Cross under section 3742 of such title to 
Specialist Frank M. Crary for the acts of valor in Vietnam described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Frank M. Crary on April 7, 1966, as a 
member of the Army serving in the grade of Specialist in Vietnam while 
serving with Company D, 1st Battalion (Airborne), 12th Cavalry 
Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division.

            Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

    SEC. 571. ANALYSIS AND REPORT ON ACCOMPANIED AND UNACCOMPANIED 
      TOURS OF DUTY IN REMOTE LOCATIONS WITH HIGH FAMILY SUPPORT COSTS.
    (a) Analysis Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
comparative analysis of accompanied tours of duty and unaccompanied 
tours of duty of members of the Armed Forces in remote locations with 
high family support costs (including facility construction and 
operation costs), including--
        (1) the Azores;
        (2) United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba;
        (3) Okinawa, Japan;
        (4) the Republic of Korea;
        (5) Kwajalein Atoll;
        (6) Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar; and
        (7) such other locations as the Secretary considers appropriate 
    for purposes of the analysis.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report containing the results of 
the analysis conducted under subsection (a).
    SEC. 572. REVIEW AND REPORTS ON POLICIES FOR REGULAR AND RESERVE 
      OFFICER CAREER MANAGEMENT.
    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall conduct a 
review of the policies of the Department of Defense for the career 
management of regular and reserve officers of the Armed Forces pursuant 
to the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act (commonly referred to 
as ``DOPMA'') and the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act 
(commonly referred to as ``ROPMA'').
    (b) Elements of Review.--The review required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
        (1) A statistical analysis, based on exit surveys and other 
    data available to the military departments, on the impact that 
    current personnel policies under the Defense Officer Personnel 
    Management Act have on recruiting and retention of qualified 
    regular and reserve officers of the Armed Forces. Specifically, the 
    statistical analysis shall include an estimate of the number of 
    officers who leave the Armed Forces each year because of 
    dissatisfaction with the current personnel policies, including 
    career progression, promotion policies, and a perceived lack of 
    opportunity for schooling and broadening assignments.
        (2) An analysis of the extent to which current personnel 
    policies inhibit the professional development of officers.
        (3) An analysis of the impact that increased flexibility in 
    promotion, assignments, and career length would have on officer 
    competency in their military occupational specialties.
        (4) An analysis of the efficacy of officer talent management 
    systems currently used by the military departments.
        (5) An analysis of the benefits and limitations of the current 
    promotion timelines and the ``up-or-out'' system required by policy 
    and law.
        (6) An analysis of the reasons and frequency with which 
    officers in the grade of O-3 or above are passed over for promotion 
    to the next higher grade, particularly those officers who have 
    pursued advanced degrees, broadening assignments, and non-
    traditional career patterns.
        (7) The utility and feasibility of creating new competitive 
    categories or an independent career and promotion path for officers 
    in low-density military occupational specialties.
        (8) An analysis of how best to encourage and facilitate the 
    recruitment and retention of officers with technical expertise.
        (9) The utility and feasibility of encouraging officers to 
    pursue careers of lengths that vary from the traditional 20-year 
    military career and the mechanisms that could be employed to 
    encourage officers to pursue these varying career lengths.
        (10) An analysis of what actions have been or could be taken 
    within current statutory authority to address officer management 
    challenges.
        (11) An analysis of what actions can be taken by the Armed 
    Forces to change the institutional culture regarding commonly held 
    perceptions on appropriate promotion timelines, career progression, 
    and traditional career patterns.
        (12) An analysis of how the Armed Forces can avoid an officer 
    corps disproportionately weighted toward officers serving in the 
    grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel and Navy grades of 
    lieutenant commander, commander, and captain, if statutory officer 
    grade caps are relaxed.
        (13) The utility and feasibility of allowing officers to 
    repeatedly and seamlessly transition between active duty and 
    reserve active-status throughout the course of their military 
    careers.
        (14) An analysis of the current officer force-shaping 
    authorities and any changes needed to these authorities to improve 
    recruiting, retention, and readiness.
        (15) An analysis of any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
    considers appropriate to improve the effective recruitment and 
    retention of officers.
    (c) Reporting Requirements.--
        (1) Initial report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
    evaluating the impact on officer retention of granting promotion 
    boards the authority to recommend officers of particular merit be 
    placed at the top of the promotion list.
        (2) Complete report.--Not later than July 31, 2018, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
    setting forth the results of the review conducted under subsection 
    (a).
        (3) Scope of report.--If any recommendation of the Secretary of 
    Defense in a report required by this subsection requires 
    legislative or administrative action for implementation, the report 
    shall include a proposal for legislative action, or a description 
    of administrative action, as applicable, to implement such 
    recommendation.
    SEC. 573. REVIEW AND REPORT ON EFFECTS OF PERSONNEL REQUIREMENTS 
      AND LIMITATIONS ON THE AVAILABILITY OF MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL 
      GUARD FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF FUNERAL HONORS DUTY FOR VETERANS.
    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall undertake a 
review of the effects of the personnel requirements and limitations 
described in subsection (b) with respect to the members of the National 
Guard in order to determine whether or not such requirements unduly 
limit the ability of the Armed Forces to meet the demand for personnel 
to perform funeral honors in connection with funerals of veterans.
    (b) Personnel Requirements and Limitations.--The personnel 
requirements and limitations described in this subsection are the 
following:
        (1) Requirements, such as the ceiling on the authorized number 
    of members of the National Guard on active duty pursuant to section 
    115(b)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, or end-strength 
    limitations, that may operate to limit the number of members of the 
    National Guard available for the performance of funeral honors 
    duty.
        (2) Any other requirements or limitations applicable to the 
    reserve components of the Armed Forces in general, or the National 
    Guard in particular, that may operate to limit the number of 
    members of the National Guard available for the performance of 
    funeral honors duty.
    (c) Report.--Not later than six months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the review undertaken pursuant to subsection (a). The report shall 
include the following:
        (1) A description of the review.
        (2) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate 
    in light of the review for legislative or administrative action to 
    expand the number of members of the National Guard available for 
    the performance of funeral honors functions at funerals of 
    veterans.
    SEC. 574. REVIEW AND REPORT ON AUTHORITIES FOR THE EMPLOYMENT, USE, 
      AND STATUS OF NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE TECHNICIANS.
    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review of the following:
        (1) Authority for the employment, use, and status of National 
    Guard technicians under section 709 of title 32, United States Code 
    (commonly referred to as the National Guard Technicians Act of 
    1968).
        (2) Authorities for the employment, use, and status of National 
    Guard and Reserve technicians under sections 10216 through 10218 of 
    title 10, United States Code.
        (3) Any other authorities on the employment, use, and status of 
    National Guard and Reserve technicians under law.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the review under subsection (a) 
shall be as follows:
        (1) To define the mission and requirements of National Guard 
    and Reserve technicians.
        (2) To identify means to improve the management and 
    administration of the National Guard and Reserve technician 
    workforce.
        (3) To identify means to enhance the capability of the 
    Department of Defense to recruit and retain National Guard and 
    Reserve technicians.
        (4) To assess the current career progression tracks of National 
    Guard and Reserve technicians.
    (c) Consultation.--In conducting the review under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall consult with the Chief of the National 
Guard Bureau, the Chief of Army Reserve, the Chief of Air Force 
Reserve, and representatives of National Guard and Reserve technicians, 
including collective bargaining representatives of such technicians.
    (d) Inclusion of Recent Authorities in Review.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that the review conducted under subsection (a) 
takes into account authorities, and modifications of authorities, for 
the employment, use, and status of National Guard and Reserve 
technicians contained in the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) and the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).
    (e) Required Review Elements.--In meeting the purposes of the 
review conducted under subsection (a), as set forth in subsection (b), 
the Secretary of Defense shall address, in particular, the following:
        (1) The extent to which National Guard and Reserve technicians 
    are assigned military duties inconsistent with, or of a different 
    nature than, their civilian duties, the impact of such assignments 
    on unit readiness, and the effect of such assignments on the career 
    progression of technicians.
        (2) The use by the Department of Defense (especially within the 
    National Guard) of selective retention boards to separate National 
    Guard and Reserve technicians from military service (with the 
    effect of thereby separating them from civilian service) before 
    they accrue a full, unreduced retirement annuity in connection with 
    Federal civilian service, and whether that use is consistent with 
    the authority in section 10216(f) of title 10, United States Code, 
    that technicians be permitted to remain in service past their 
    mandatory separation date until they qualify for an unreduced 
    retirement annuity.
        (3) The impact on recruitment and retention, and the budgetary 
    impact, of permitting National Guard and Reserve technicians who 
    receive an enlistment incentive before becoming a technician to 
    retain such incentive upon becoming a technician.
    (f) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing--
        (1) the results of the review conducted under subsection (a), 
    including a discussion of the matters set forth in subsections (b) 
    and (e); and
        (2) such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
    action as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
    review in order to improve and enhance the employment, use, and 
    status of National Guard and Reserve technicians.
    SEC. 575. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON EXPANDING AND CONTRACTING FOR 
      CHILDCARE SERVICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the feasibility and advisability of the following:
        (1) Expanding the operating hours of childcare facilities of 
    the Department of Defense in order to meet childcare services 
    requirements for swing-shift, night-shift, and weekend workers.
        (2) Using contracts with private-sector childcare services 
    providers to expand the availability of childcare services for 
    members of the Armed Forces at locations outside military 
    installations at costs similar to the current costs for childcare 
    services through child development centers on military 
    installations.
        (3) Contracting with private-sector childcare services 
    providers to operate childcare facilities of the Department on 
    military installations.
        (4) Expanding childcare services as described in paragraphs (1) 
    through (3) to members of the National Guard and Reserves in a 
    manner that does not substantially raise costs of childcare 
    services for the military departments or conflict with others who 
    have a higher priority for space in childcare services programs, 
    such as members of the Armed Forces on active duty.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than September 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a).
    SEC. 576. REVIEW AND REPORT ON COMPENSATION PROVIDED CHILDCARE 
      SERVICES PROVIDERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Review Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
review of the compensation provided for childcare services providers 
within the Department of Defense, including positions subject to 
General Schedule pay grades and positions occupied by nonappropriated 
fund instrumentality employees.
    (b) Elements of Review.--The review conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
        (1) A comparison of the compensation provided for childcare 
    services provider positions within the Department with the 
    compensation provided to childcare services providers in the 
    private sector who provide similar childcare services.
        (2) An assessment of the mix of General Schedule pay grades and 
    compensation levels for nonappropriated fund instrumentality 
    employees currently required by the Department to most effectively 
    recruit and retain childcare services providers for dependents of 
    members of the Armed Forces.
        (3) A comparison of the budget implications of the current 
    General Schedule pay grade mix and nonappropriated fund 
    instrumentality compensation levels with the pay grade mix and 
    compensation levels determined pursuant to paragraph (2) to be 
    required by the Department to most effectively recruit and retain 
    childcare services providers for dependents of members of the Armed 
    Forces.
    (c) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than September 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of the review conducted under subsection (a).
    SEC. 577. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES ASSESSMENT AND 
      REPORT ON THE OFFICE OF COMPLEX INVESTIGATIONS WITHIN THE 
      NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall conduct an assessment on the purpose, structure, and 
effectiveness of the Office of Complex Investigations within the 
National Guard Bureau.
    (b) Elements of Assessment.--The assessment conducted under 
subsection (a) shall address the following:
        (1) The purpose of the Office of Complex Investigations and the 
    criteria used to determine which cases will be investigated by the 
    office.
        (2) The services provided by the Office of Complex 
    Investigations.
        (3) The authority under which the Office of Complex 
    Investigations may investigate violations of State law.
        (4) The structure of the Office of Complex Investigations, 
    including--
            (A) the number of individuals assigned, both permanently 
        and temporarily, to the office;
            (B) the organizational structure of the office; and
            (C) the annual budget of the office, the source of funding, 
        and the extent to which States are required to reimburse the 
        Department of Defense for activities conducted by the office.
        (5) The extent to which the investigations conducted by the 
    Office of Complex Investigations could be conducted by another 
    State or Federal entity.
        (6) The policies governing the Office of Complex 
    Investigations, and the extent to which the office adheres to these 
    policies.
        (7) The training provided to investigators and other employees 
    of the Office of Complex Investigations.
        (8) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
    relevant to the assessment.
    (c) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than October 31, 2018, the 
Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a).
    SEC. 578. MODIFICATION OF SUBMITTAL DATE OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF 
      THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON INTEGRITY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE WHISTLEBLOWER PROGRAM.
    Section 536(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2124) is amended by striking 
``18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2018''.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

    SEC. 581. EXPANSION OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF 
      TECHNOLOGY ENROLLMENT AUTHORITY TO INCLUDE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF 
      THE HOMELAND SECURITY INDUSTRY.
    (a) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 9314a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Covered Private Sector Employee Defined.--(1) In this 
section, the term `covered private sector employee' means--
        ``(A) an individual employed by a private firm that is engaged 
    in providing to the Department of Defense significant and 
    substantial defense-related systems, products, or services; or
        ``(B) an individual employed by a private firm in one of the 
    critical infrastructure sectors identified in Presidential Policy 
    Directive 21 (Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience).
    ``(2) A covered private sector employee admitted for instruction at 
the United States Air Force Institute of Technology remains eligible 
for such instruction only so long as the person remains employed by the 
same firm.''.
    (b) Use of Defined Term.--Section 9314a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``defense industry employees described 
            in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``a covered private 
            sector employee''; and
                (ii) by striking ``Any such defense industry employee'' 
            and inserting ``A covered private sector employee'';
            (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``defense industry 
        employees'' and inserting ``covered private sector employees''; 
        and
            (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``defense industry 
        employee'' both places it appears and inserting ``covered 
        private sector employee'';
        (2) in subsection (c)--
            (A) by striking ``Defense industry employees'' and 
        inserting ``A covered private sector employee''; and
            (B) by striking ``defense industry employees'' and 
        inserting ``covered private sector employees'';
        (3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``defense industry 
    employees'' and inserting ``a covered private sector employee''; 
    and
        (4) in subsection (f), by striking ``defense industry 
    employees'' and inserting ``covered private sector employees''.
    (c) Other Conforming Amendments.--Section 9314a of title 10, United 
States Code, is further amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``a defense focused'' and 
    inserting ``a defense-focused or homeland security-focused''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or homeland security'' 
        after ``and defense''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``or the Department of Homeland Security, as 
        applicable''.
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 9314a of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 9314a. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: 
     admission of certain private sector civilians''.
        (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 901 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 9314a and inserting the 
    following new item:

``9314a. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: admission of 
          certain private sector civilians.''.
    SEC. 582. CONDITIONAL DESIGNATION OF EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL 
      CORPS AS A BASIC BRANCH OF THE ARMY.
    (a) Conditional Designation.--Subject to subsection (b), section 
3063(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (12), by striking ``and'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (13) as paragraph (14); and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (12) the following new 
    paragraph (13):
        ``(13) Explosive Ordnance Disposal Corps; and''.
    (b) Delayed Effective Date and Condition on Execution.--
        (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
    shall take effect on October 1, 2020, but only if the report 
    required by paragraph (2) is not submitted before that date as 
    required by such paragraph.
        (2) Reporting requirement.--Not later than September 30, 2020, 
    the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
    containing certifications that the following actions have occurred 
    as of that date:
            (A) The defense budget materials display funding 
        requirements for explosive ordnance disposal separately and a 
        program of record is established and maintained for explosive 
        ordnance disposal.
            (B) A process has been established to ensure that, by not 
        later than five years after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, there is, and will continue to be, at least one general 
        officer in the Army qualified regarding issues involving 
        explosive ordnance disposal to ensure officer professional 
        development and upward mobility.
            (C) The Ordnance Personnel Proponency Office is, and will 
        continue to be, manned with an explosive ordnance disposal 
        officer to oversee explosive ordnance disposal officer and 
        enlisted personnel proponency.
            (D) Explosive ordnance disposal officer education has been 
        included in a basic officer leadership course, a captains 
        career course, and a policy and planning course specific to 
        explosive ordnance disposal as part of intermediate level 
        education and pre-command courses.
            (E) The office of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff, G8, and 
        the office of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff, G3, have, and 
        will continue to be, manned with explosive ordnance disposal 
        officers responsible for the decision management decision 
        packages, ammunition organizational integration, and force 
        modernization related to explosive ordnance disposal.
            (F) The Army has established and maintained explosive 
        ordnance disposal cells at the Army Forces Command, Army 
        Service Component Commands, Army Special Operations Command, 
        Army Training and Doctrine Command, and the Army Capability and 
        Integration Center.
        (3) Notice of report.--The Secretary of the Army shall notify 
    the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives of the 
    submission of the report under paragraph (2) so that the Law 
    Revision Counsel does not execute the amendments made by subsection 
    (a).
    SEC. 583. DESIGNATION OF OFFICE WITHIN OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF 
      DEFENSE TO OVERSEE USE OF FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS BY MEMBERS OF 
      THE ARMED FORCES ON ACTIVE DUTY.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall designate an office or official within 
the Office of the Secretary of Defense for purposes as follows:
        (1) To discharge responsibility for overseeing the efforts of 
    the Department of Defense to collect, analyze, and monitor data on 
    the use of food assistance programs by members of the Armed Forces 
    on active duty.
        (2) To establish and maintain relationships with other 
    departments and agencies of the Federal Government to facilitate 
    the discharge of the responsibility specified in paragraph (1).

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of basic monthly pay.
Sec. 602. Prohibiting collection of additional amounts from members 
          living in units under Military Housing Privatization 
          Initiative.
Sec. 603. Limitation on modification of payment authority for Military 
          Housing Privatization Initiative housing.
Sec. 604. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, and 
          their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a permanent 
          change of station within the United States.
Sec. 605. Extension of authority to provide temporary increase in rates 
          of basic allowance for housing under certain circumstances.
Sec. 606. Reevaluation of BAH for the military housing area including 
          Staten Island.

            Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
          authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
          nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
          consolidated special pay, incentive pay, and bonus 
          authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of other 
          title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Report regarding the national pilot shortage.
Sec. 617. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities for 
          enlisted members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.
Sec. 618. Technical and conforming amendments relating to 2008 
          consolidation of special pay authorities.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Permanent extension and cost-of-living adjustments of special 
          survivor indemnity allowances under the Survivor Benefit Plan.
Sec. 622. Adjustments to Survivor Benefit Plan for members electing lump 
          sum payments of retired pay under the modernized retirement 
          system for members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 623. Technical correction regarding election to participate in 
          modernized retirement system for reserve component members 
          experiencing a break in service.
Sec. 624. Technical corrections to use of member's current pay grade and 
          years of service in a division of property involving 
          disposable retired pay.
Sec. 625. Continuation pay for the Coast Guard.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 631. Land conveyance authority, Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
          property, Dallas, Texas.
Sec. 632. Authority for the Secretaries of the military departments to 
          provide for care of remains of those who die on active duty 
          and are interred in a foreign cemetery.
Sec. 633. Construction of domestic source requirement for footwear 
          furnished to enlisted members of the Armed Forces on initial 
          entry into the Armed Forces.
Sec. 634. Review and update of regulations governing debt collectors 
          interactions with unit commanders of members of the Armed 
          Forces.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

    SEC. 601. ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF BASIC MONTHLY PAY.
    The adjustment in the rates of monthly basic pay required by 
subsection (a) of section 1009 of title 37, United States Code, to be 
made on January 1, 2018, shall take effect, notwithstanding any 
determination made by the President under subsection (e) of such 
section with respect to an alternative pay adjustment to be made on 
such date.
    SEC. 602. PROHIBITING COLLECTION OF ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS FROM MEMBERS 
      LIVING IN UNITS UNDER MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE.
    (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2886. Prohibiting collection of amounts in addition to rent from 
    members assigned to units
    ``(a) Prohibition.--An agreement for acquiring or constructing a 
military family housing unit or military unaccompanied housing unit 
under this subchapter which is entered into between the Secretary and 
an eligible entity shall prohibit the entity from imposing on a member 
of the armed forces who occupies the unit a supplemental payment, such 
as an out-of-pocket fee, in addition to the amount of rent the eligible 
entity charges for a unit of similar size and composition, without 
regard to whether or not the amount of the member's basic allowance for 
housing is less than the amount of the rent.
    ``(b) Permitting Certain Additional Payments.--Nothing in this 
section shall be construed to prohibit an eligible entity from imposing 
an additional payment for optional services provided to residents, such 
as access to a gym or a parking space, or an additional payment for 
non-essential utility services, as determined in accordance with 
regulations promulgated by the Secretary.
    ``(c) No Effect on Rental Guarantees or Differential Lease 
Payments.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or 
otherwise affect the authority of the Secretary to enter into rental 
guarantee agreements under section 2876 of this title or to make 
differential lease payments under section 2877 of this title, so long 
as such agreements or payments do not require a member of the armed 
forces who is assigned to a military family housing unit or military 
unaccompanied housing unit under this subchapter to pay an out-of-
pocket fee or payment in addition to the member's basic housing 
allowance.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for subchapter IV of 
chapter 169 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following 
new item:

``2886. Prohibiting collection of amounts in addition to rent from 
          members assigned to units.''.
    SEC. 603. LIMITATION ON MODIFICATION OF PAYMENT AUTHORITY FOR 
      MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE HOUSING.
    (a) In General.--For each month during 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense shall pay to a lessor of covered housing 1 percent of the 
amount calculated under section 403(b)(3)(A)(i) of title 37, United 
States Code, for the area in which the covered housing exists.
    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``covered housing'' 
means a unit of housing--
        (1) acquired or constructed under the alternative authority of 
    subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code (known 
    as the Military Housing Privatization Initiative);
        (2) that is leased to a member of a uniformed service who 
    resides in such unit; and
        (3) for which the lessor charges such member rent that equals 
    or exceeds the amount calculated under section 403(b)(3)(A) of 
    title 37, United States Code.
    (c) GAO Review.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a review of the 
following:
        (1) The management of the Military Housing Privatization 
    Initiative to date.
        (2) Plans for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative 
    after March 1, 2018.
        (3) The viability of the Military Housing Privatization 
    Initiative after March 1, 2018.
        (4) Alternatives to the Military Housing Privatization 
    Initiative.
    SEC. 604. HOUSING TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
      FORCES, AND THEIR SPOUSES AND OTHER DEPENDENTS, UNDERGOING A 
      PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION WITHIN THE UNITED STATES.
    (a) Housing Treatment.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 403 the following new section:
``Sec. 403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the armed forces, 
    and their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a permanent 
    change of station within the United States
    ``(a) Housing Treatment for Certain Members Who Have a Spouse or 
Other Dependents.--
        ``(1) Housing treatment regulations.--The Secretary of Defense 
    shall prescribe regulations that permit a member of the armed 
    forces described in paragraph (2) who is undergoing a permanent 
    change of station within the United States to request the housing 
    treatment described in subsection (b) during the covered relocation 
    period of the member.
        ``(2) Eligible members.--A member described in this paragraph 
    is any member who--
            ``(A) has a spouse who is gainfully employed or enrolled in 
        a degree, certificate or license granting program at the 
        beginning of the covered relocation period;
            ``(B) has one or more dependents attending an elementary or 
        secondary school at the beginning of the covered relocation 
        period;
            ``(C) has one or more dependents enrolled in the 
        Exceptional Family Member Program; or
            ``(D) is caring for an immediate family member with a 
        chronic or long-term illness at the beginning of the covered 
        relocation period.
    ``(b) Housing Treatment.--
        ``(1) Continuation of housing for the spouse and other 
    dependents.--If a spouse or other dependent of a member whose 
    request under subsection (a) is approved resides in Government-
    owned or Government-leased housing at the beginning of the covered 
    relocation period, the spouse or other dependent may continue to 
    reside in such housing during a period determined in accordance 
    with the regulations prescribed pursuant to this section.
        ``(2) Early housing eligibility.--If a spouse or other 
    dependent of a member whose request under subsection (a) is 
    approved is eligible to reside in Government-owned or Government-
    leased housing following the member's permanent change of station 
    within the United States, the spouse or other dependent may 
    commence residing in such housing at any time during the covered 
    relocation period.
        ``(3) Temporary use of government-owned or government-leased 
    housing intended for members without a spouse or dependent.--If a 
    spouse or other dependent of a member relocates at a time different 
    from the member in accordance with a request approved under 
    subsection (a), the member may be assigned to Government-owned or 
    Government-leased housing intended for the permanent housing of 
    members without a spouse or dependent until the member's detachment 
    date or the spouse or other dependent's arrival date, but only if 
    such Government-owned or Government-leased housing is available 
    without displacing a member without a spouse or dependent at such 
    housing.
        ``(4) Equitable basic allowance for housing.--If a spouse or 
    other dependent of a member relocates at a time different from the 
    member in accordance with a request approved under subsection (a), 
    the amount of basic allowance for housing payable may be based on 
    whichever of the following areas the Secretary concerned determines 
    to be the most equitable:
            ``(A) The area of the duty station to which the member is 
        reassigned.
            ``(B) The area in which the spouse or other dependent 
        resides, but only if the spouse or other dependent resides in 
        that area when the member departs for the duty station to which 
        the member is reassigned, and only for the period during which 
        the spouse or other dependent resides in that area.
            ``(C) The area of the former duty station of the member, 
        but only if that area is different from the area in which the 
        spouse or other dependent resides.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction Related to Certain Basic Allowance for 
Housing Payments.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit 
the payment or the amount of basic allowance for housing payable under 
section 403(d)(3)(A) of this title to a member whose request under 
subsection (a) is approved.
    ``(d) Housing Treatment Education.--The regulations prescribed 
pursuant to this section shall ensure the relocation assistance 
programs under section 1056 of title 10 include, as part of the 
assistance normally provided under such section, education about the 
housing treatment available under this section.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Covered relocation period.--(A) Subject to subparagraph 
    (B), the term `covered relocation period', when used with respect 
    to a permanent change of station of a member of the armed forces, 
    means the period that--
            ``(i) begins 180 days before the date of the permanent 
        change of station; and
            ``(ii) ends 180 days after the date of the permanent change 
        of station.
        ``(B) The regulations prescribed pursuant to this section may 
    provide for a shortening or lengthening of the covered relocation 
    period of a member for purposes of this section.
        ``(2) Dependent.--The term `dependent' has the meaning given 
    that term in section 401 of this title.
        ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent change 
    of station' means a permanent change of station described in 
    section 452(b)(2) of this title.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 7 such title is amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to section 403 the following new item:

``403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the armed forces, and 
          their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a permanent 
          change of station within the United States.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on October 1, 2018.
    SEC. 605. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE TEMPORARY INCREASE IN 
      RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.
    Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
    SEC. 606. REEVALUATION OF BAH FOR THE MILITARY HOUSING AREA 
      INCLUDING STATEN ISLAND.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense, using the most recent data available to the 
Secretary, shall reevaluate the basic housing allowance prescribed 
under section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, for the military 
housing area that includes Staten Island, New York.

            Subtitle B--Bonus and Special and Incentive Pays

    SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
      AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
        (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve reenlistment 
    bonus.
        (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve affiliation 
    or enlistment bonus.
        (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
    members assigned to certain high-priority units.
        (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
    bonus for persons without prior service.
        (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment and 
    reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
        (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve enlistment 
    and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
        (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
    expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
    distance.
        (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments for 
    reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
    mobilization for active duty service.
    SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
      AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.
    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
        (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
    accession program.
        (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education loans 
    for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
        (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
    bonuses for psychologists.
        (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
    registered nurses.
        (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay for 
    nurse anesthetists.
        (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
    Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
    specialties.
        (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for dental 
    officers.
        (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for pharmacy 
    officers.
        (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for medical 
    officers in critically short wartime specialties.
        (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
    specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.
    SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES 
      FOR NUCLEAR OFFICERS.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
        (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
    qualified officers extending period of active service.
        (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
    bonus.
        (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
    incentive bonus.
    SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
      CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS AUTHORITIES.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
        (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
    enlisted members.
        (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
    officers.
        (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for nuclear officers.
        (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive pay 
    and bonus authorities for officers.
        (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive pay 
    authorities for officers in health professions.
        (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
    and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
    Corps.
        (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
        (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special duty 
    pay.
        (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
    proficiency bonus.
        (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
    members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to high 
    priority units.
    SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
      OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.
    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
        (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
    bonus.
        (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
        (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for active 
    members.
        (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
        (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members of 
    precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language proficiency.
        (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
    officers in critical skills.
        (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for conversion 
    to military occupational specialty to ease personnel shortage.
        (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for transfer 
    between Armed Forces.
        (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
    candidates.
    SEC. 616. REPORT REGARDING THE NATIONAL PILOT SHORTAGE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than April 30, 2018, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
regarding the extent of the national pilot shortage and the impact that 
such shortage has on the ability of the Department of Defense to retain 
pilots.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include 
assessments of the following:
        (1) The severity of the national pilot shortage, including 
    which of the following are most acutely affected by such shortage--
            (A) geographic areas of the United States; and
            (B) sectors of the commercial aviation industry;
        (2) Compensation practices within the commercial aviation 
    industry, including whether and how such practices affect the 
    ability of the Department of Defense to retain pilots.
        (3) The annual business case of the Secretary of the Air Force 
    for aviation bonus payments under section 334(c)(2) of title 37, 
    United States Code, specifically--
            (A) whether the business case meets the requirements under 
        such section of title 37;
            (B) whether the business case justifies the bonus amount 
        for each aircraft type category; and
            (C) whether projections indicate that the business case 
        will reduce the pilot shortage, and, if so, how quickly for 
        each aircraft type category.
        (4) Non-monetary incentives the Secretary of the Air Force has 
    used to retain pilots.
        (5) Other incentives available under current law and policies 
    of the Department of Defense to increase retention of pilots.
        (6) Such other matters as the Comptroller General considers 
    appropriate.
    SEC. 617. SPECIAL AVIATION INCENTIVE PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
      ENLISTED MEMBERS WHO OPERATE REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 5 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 334 the following new section:
``Sec. 334a. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities: 
    enlisted members who operate remotely piloted aircraft
    ``(a) Aviation Incentive Pay.--
        ``(1) Incentive pay authorized.--The Secretary concerned may 
    pay aviation incentive pay under this section to an enlisted member 
    in a regular or reserve component of a uniformed service who--
            ``(A) is entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this 
        title or compensation under 206 of this title;
            ``(B) is designated as a remotely piloted aircraft pilot, 
        or is in training leading to such a designation;
            ``(C) engages in, or is in training leading to, frequent 
        and regular performance of operational flying duty or 
        proficiency flying duty;
            ``(D) engages in or remains in aviation service for a 
        specified period; and
            ``(E) meets such other criteria as the Secretary concerned 
        determines appropriate.
        ``(2) Enlisted members not currently engaged in flying duty.--
    The Secretary concerned may pay aviation incentive pay under this 
    section to an enlisted member who is otherwise qualified for such 
    pay but who is not currently engaged in the performance of 
    operational flying duty or proficiency flying duty if the Secretary 
    determines, under regulations prescribed under section 374 of this 
    title, that payment of aviation pay to that enlisted member is in 
    the best interests of the service.
    ``(b) Aviation Bonus.--The Secretary concerned may pay an aviation 
bonus under this section to an enlisted member in a regular or reserve 
component of a uniformed service who--
        ``(1) is entitled to aviation incentive pay under subsection 
    (a);
        ``(2) is within one year of completing the enlistment of the 
    member;
        ``(3) reenlists or voluntarily extends the enlistment of the 
    member--
            ``(A) for a period of at least one year; or
            ``(B) in the case of an enlisted member serving pursuant to 
        an indefinite reenlistment, executes a written agreement--
                ``(i) to remain on active duty for a period of at least 
            one year; or
                ``(ii) to remain in an active status in a reserve 
            component for a period of at least one year; and
        ``(4) meets such other criteria as the Secretary concerned 
    determines appropriate.
    ``(c) Maximum Amount and Method of Payment.--
        ``(1) Maximum amount.--The Secretary concerned shall determine 
    the amount of a bonus or incentive pay to be paid under this 
    section, except that--
            ``(A) aviation incentive pay under subsection (a) shall be 
        paid at a monthly rate not to exceed $1,000 per month; and
            ``(B) an aviation bonus under subsection (b) may not exceed 
        $35,000 for each 12-month period of obligated service agreed to 
        under subsection (d).
        ``(2) Lump sum or installments.--A bonus under this section may 
    be paid in a lump sum or in periodic installments, as determined by 
    the Secretary concerned.
        ``(3) Fixing bonus amount.--Upon acceptance by the Secretary 
    concerned of the written agreement required by subsection (d), the 
    total amount of the bonus to be paid under the agreement shall be 
    fixed.
    ``(d) Written Agreement for Bonus.--To receive an aviation bonus 
under this section, an enlisted member determined to be eligible for 
the bonus shall enter into a written agreement with the Secretary 
concerned that specifies--
        ``(1) the amount of the bonus;
        ``(2) the method of payment of the bonus under subsection 
    (c)(2);
        ``(3) the period of obligated service; and
        ``(4) the type or conditions of the service.
    ``(e) Reserve Component Enlisted Members Performing Inactive Duty 
Training.--An enlisted member of reserve component who is entitled to 
compensation under section 206 of this title and who is authorized 
aviation incentive pay under this section may be paid an amount of 
incentive pay that is proportionate to the compensation received under 
section 206 of this title for inactive-duty training.
    ``(f) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--
        ``(1) Aviation incentive pay.--Aviation incentive pay paid to 
    an enlisted member under subsection (a) shall be in addition to any 
    other pay and allowance to which the enlisted member is entitled, 
    except that an enlisted member may not receive a payment under such 
    subsection and section 351(a)(2) or 353(a) of this title for the 
    same skill and period of service.
        ``(2) Aviation bonus.--An aviation bonus paid to an enlisted 
    member under subsection (b) shall be in addition to any other pay 
    and allowance to which the enlisted member is entitled, except that 
    an enlisted member may not receive a bonus payment under such 
    subsection and section 331 or 353(b) of this title for the same 
    skill and period of service.
    ``(g) Repayment.--An enlisted member who receives aviation 
incentive pay or an aviation bonus under this section and who fails to 
fulfill the eligibility requirements for the receipt of the incentive 
pay or bonus or complete the period of service for which the incentive 
pay or bonus is paid, as specified in the written agreement under 
subsection (d) in the case of a bonus, shall be subject to the 
repayment provisions of section 373 of this title.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Aviation service.--The term `aviation service' means 
    participation in aerial flight performed, under regulations 
    prescribed by the Secretary concerned, by an eligible enlisted 
    member who is a remotely piloted aircraft pilot.
        ``(2) Operational flying duty.--The term `operational flying 
    duty' means flying performed under competent orders by enlisted 
    members of the regular or reserve components while serving in 
    assignments in which basic flying skills are normally maintained in 
    the performance of assigned duties as determined by the Secretary 
    concerned, and flying duty performed by members in training that 
    leads to designation as a remotely piloted aircraft pilot by the 
    Secretary concerned.
        ``(3) Proficiency flying duty.--The term `proficiency flying 
    duty' means flying performed under competent orders by enlisted 
    members of the regular or reserve components while serving in 
    assignments in which such skills would normally not be maintained 
    in the performance of assigned duties.
    ``(i) Termination of Authority.--No agreement may be entered into 
under this section after December 31, 2018.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 5 of such title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 334 the following new item:

``334a. Special aviation incentive pay and bonus authorities: enlisted 
          members who operate remotely piloted aircraft.''.
    SEC. 618. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATING TO 2008 
      CONSOLIDATION OF SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Repayment Provisions.--
        (1) Title 10.--The following provisions of title 10, United 
    States Code, are each amended by inserting ``or 373'' before ``of 
    title 37'':
            (A) Section 510(i).
            (B) Subsections (a)(3) and (c) of section 2005.
            (C) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2007(e).
            (D) Section 2105.
            (E) Section 2123(e)(1)(C).
            (F) Section 2128(c).
            (G) Section 2130a(d).
            (H) Section 2171(g).
            (I) Section 2173(g)(2).
            (J) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2200a(e).
            (K) Section 4348(f).
            (L) Section 6959(f).
            (M) Section 9348(f).
            (N) Subsections (a)(2) and (b) of section 16135.
            (O) Section 16203(a)(1)(B).
            (P) Section 16301(h).
            (Q) Section 16303(d).
            (R) Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 16401(f).
        (2) Title 14.--Section 182(g) of title 14, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting ``or 373'' before ``of title 37''.
    (b) Officers Appointed Pursuant to an Agreement Under Section 329 
of Title 37.--Section 641 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking paragraph (6).
    (c) Reenlistment Leave.--The matter preceding paragraph (1) of 
section 703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a)'' after ``section 
310(a)(2)''.
    (d) Rest and Recuperation Absence for Qualified Members Extending 
Duty at Designated Location Overseas.--The matter following paragraph 
(4) of section 705(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or 352'' after ``section 314''.
    (e) Rest and Recuperation Absence for Certain Members Undergoing 
Extended Deployment to Combat Zone.--Section 705a(b)(1)(B) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``or 352(a)'' after 
``section 305''.
    (f) Additional Incentives for Health Professionals of the Indian 
Health Service.--Section 116(a) of the Indian Health Care Improvement 
Act (25 U.S.C. 1616i(a)) is amended by inserting ``or 335(b)'' after 
``section 302(b)''.
    (g) Military Pay and Allowances Continuance While in a Missing 
Status.--Section 552(a)(2) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``or section 351(a)(2)'' after ``section 301''.
    (h) Military Pay and Allowances.--Section 907(d) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 351'' after 
        ``section 301'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
        ``section 301c'';
            (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``or 353(a)'' after 
        ``section 304'';
            (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
        ``section 305'';
            (E) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
        ``section 305a'';
            (F) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
        ``section 305b'';
            (G) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
        ``section 307a'';
            (H) in subparagraph (I), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
        ``section 314'';
            (I) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``316'' and inserting 
        ``353(b)''; and
            (J) in subparagraph (K), by striking ``323'' and inserting 
        ``section 355''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 352'' after 
        ``section 307'';
            (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``308'' and inserting 
        ``331'';
            (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``309'' and inserting 
        ``331''; and
            (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 353'' after 
        ``section 320''.
    (i) Pay and Allowances of Officers of the Public Health Service.--
Section 208(a)(2) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
210(a)(2)) is amended by inserting ``or 373'' after ``303a(b)''.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

    SEC. 621. PERMANENT EXTENSION AND COST-OF-LIVING ADJUSTMENTS OF 
      SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY ALLOWANCES UNDER THE SURVIVOR BENEFIT 
      PLAN.
    Section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``and'' at the end; 
        and
            (B) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraphs:
            ``(I) for months from October 2016 through December 2018, 
        $310; and
            ``(J) for months during any calendar year after 2018, the 
        amount determined in accordance with paragraph (6).''; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following new 
    paragraph (6):
        ``(6) Cost-of-living adjustments after 2018.--
            ``(A) In general.--The amount of the allowance payable 
        under paragraph (1) for months during any calendar year 
        beginning after 2018 shall be--
                ``(i) the amount payable pursuant to paragraph (2) for 
            months during the preceding calendar year, plus
                ``(ii) an amount equal to the percentage of the amount 
            determined pursuant to clause (i) which percentage is equal 
            to the percentage increase in retired pay of members and 
            former members of the armed forces for such calendar year 
            under section 1401a of this title.
            ``(B) Public notice on amount of allowance payable.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall publish in the Federal Register each 
        year the amount of the allowance payable under paragraph (1) 
        for months in such year by reason of the operation of this 
        paragraph.''.
    SEC. 622. ADJUSTMENTS TO SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN FOR MEMBERS ELECTING 
      LUMP SUM PAYMENTS OF RETIRED PAY UNDER THE MODERNIZED RETIREMENT 
      SYSTEM FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.
    (a) Definition of Base Amount.--Section 1447(6)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding clause (i) by 
inserting ``or 1415(b)(1)(B)'' after ``section 1409(b)(2)''.
    (b) Coordination With Reductions in Retired Pay.--Section 1452 of 
such title is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting ``, other than retired 
    pay received as a lump sum under section 1415(b)(1)(A) of this 
    title,'' in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) after ``, the 
    retired pay'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting ``, other than retired 
    pay received as a lump sum under section 1415(b)(1)(A) of this 
    title,'' after ``The retired pay''; and
        (3) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, other than retired 
        pay received as a lump sum under section 1415(b)(1)(A) of this 
        title,'' after ``The retired pay''; and
            (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or 1415(b)(1)(B)'' 
        after ``section 1409(b)(2)''.
    SEC. 623. TECHNICAL CORRECTION REGARDING ELECTION TO PARTICIPATE IN 
      MODERNIZED RETIREMENT SYSTEM FOR RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS 
      EXPERIENCING A BREAK IN SERVICE.
    (a) Persons Experiencing a Break in Service.--Section 
12739(f)(2)(B)(iii) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``on the date of the reentry'' and inserting ``within 30 days 
after the date of the reentry''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on January 1, 2018, immediately after the coming into 
effect of the amendment made by section 631(b) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
843), to which the amendment made by subsection (a) relates.
    SEC. 624. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO USE OF MEMBER'S CURRENT PAY 
      GRADE AND YEARS OF SERVICE IN A DIVISION OF PROPERTY INVOLVING 
      DISPOSABLE RETIRED PAY.
    (a) In General.--Section 1408 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(4)--
            (A) in the matter preceding clause (i) of subparagraph (A), 
        by striking ``(as determined pursuant to subparagraph (B)''; 
        and
            (B) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph (B):
        ``(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), in the case of a 
    division of property as part of a final decree of divorce, 
    dissolution, annulment, or legal separation that becomes final 
    prior to the date of a member's retirement, the total monthly 
    retired pay to which the member is entitled shall be--
            ``(i) in the case of a member not described in clause (ii), 
        the amount of retired pay to which the member would have been 
        entitled using the member's retired pay base and years of 
        service on the date of the decree of divorce, dissolution, 
        annulment, or legal separation, as computed under section 1406 
        or 1407 of this title, whichever is applicable, increased by 
        the sum of the cost-of-living adjustments that--
                ``(I) would have occurred under section 1401a(b) of 
            this title between the date of the decree of divorce, 
            dissolution, annulment, or legal separation and the time of 
            the member's retirement using the adjustment provisions 
            under section 1401a of this title applicable to the member 
            upon retirement; and
                ``(II) occur under 1401a of this title after the 
            member's retirement; or
            ``(ii) in the case of a member who becomes entitled to 
        retired pay pursuant to chapter 1223 of this title, the amount 
        of retired pay to which the member would have been entitled 
        using the member's retired pay base and creditable service 
        points on the date of the decree of divorce, dissolution, 
        annulment, or legal separation, as computer under chapter 1223 
        of this title, increased by the sum of the cost-of-living 
        adjustments as described in clause (i) that apply with respect 
        to the member.''; and
        (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
    ``(8) A division of property award computed as a percentage of a 
member's disposable retired pay shall be increased by the same 
percentage as any cost-of-living adjustment made under section 1401a 
after the member's retirement.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on December 23, 2016, as if enacted immediately following 
the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328) to which such amendments relate.
    (c) Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to any division of property as part of a final 
decree of divorce, dissolution, annulment, or legal separation 
involving a member of the Armed Forces to which section 1408 of title 
10, United States Code, applies that becomes final after December 23, 
2016.
    SEC. 625. CONTINUATION PAY FOR THE COAST GUARD.
    For providing continuation pay for the United States Coast Guard 
under section 356 of title 37, United States Code, funds are hereby 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 in the amount of 
$3,286,277.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

    SEC. 631. LAND CONVEYANCE AUTHORITY, ARMY AND AIR FORCE EXCHANGE 
      SERVICE PROPERTY, DALLAS, TEXAS.
    (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
may convey, by sale, exchange, or a combination thereof, all right, 
title, and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of real 
property, including improvements thereon, that--
        (1) is located at 8901 Autobahn Drive in Dallas, Texas; and
        (2) was purchased using nonappropriated funds of the Army and 
    Air Force Exchange Service.
    (b) Consideration.--
        (1) In general.--Consideration for the real property conveyed 
    under subsection (a) shall be at least equal to the fair market 
    value of the property, as determined by the Army and Air Force 
    Exchange Service.
        (2) Treatment of cash consideration.--Notwithstanding section 
    574 of title 40, United States Code, any cash consideration 
    received from the conveyance of the property under subsection (a) 
    may be retained by the Army and Air Force Exchange Service because 
    the property was acquired using nonappropriated funds.
    (c) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the real property to be conveyed under subsection (a) 
shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Army and Air Force 
Exchange Service. The recipient of the property shall be required to 
cover the cost of the survey.
    (d) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Army and Air Force 
Exchange Service may require such additional terms and conditions in 
connection with the conveyance under subsection (a) as the Army and Air 
Force Exchange Service considers appropriate to protect the interests 
of the United States.
    (e) Inapplicability of Certain Provisions of Law.--Section 2696 of 
title 10, United States Code, shall not apply to a conveyance of 
property under this section.
    SEC. 632. AUTHORITY FOR THE SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS 
      TO PROVIDE FOR CARE OF REMAINS OF THOSE WHO DIE ON ACTIVE DUTY 
      AND ARE INTERRED IN A FOREIGN CEMETERY.
    Section 1482(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(10) In the case of a decedent under the jurisdiction of a 
    Secretary of a military department at the time of death, enduring 
    care of remains interred in a foreign cemetery if the burial 
    location was designated by such Secretary.''.
    SEC. 633. CONSTRUCTION OF DOMESTIC SOURCE REQUIREMENT FOR FOOTWEAR 
      FURNISHED TO ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES ON INITIAL 
      ENTRY INTO THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 418(d) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
    ``(4) This subsection does not apply to the furnishing of athletic 
footwear to members of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, or the Marine 
Corps upon their initial entry into the armed forces, or prohibit the 
provision of a cash allowance to such members for such purpose, if the 
Secretary of Defense determines that compliance with paragraph (2) 
would result in a sole source contract for procurement of athletic 
footwear for the purpose stated in paragraph (1) because there would be 
only a sole certified source of supply for such footwear.
    ``(5) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that all procurements 
of athletic footwear to which this subsection applies are made using 
firm fixed price contracts.''.
    SEC. 634. REVIEW AND UPDATE OF REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEBT 
      COLLECTORS INTERACTIONS WITH UNIT COMMANDERS OF MEMBERS OF THE 
      ARMED FORCES.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review and update Department of 
Defense Directive 1344.09 and any associated regulations to ensure that 
such regulations comply with Federal consumer protection laws with 
respect to the collection of debt.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Continued access to medical care at facilities of the 
          uniformed services for certain members of the reserve 
          components.
Sec. 702. Modifications of cost-sharing requirements for the TRICARE 
          Pharmacy Benefits Program and treatment of certain 
          pharmaceutical agents.
Sec. 703. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 704. Specification that individuals under the age of 21 are 
          eligible for hospice care services under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 705. Physical examinations for members of a reserve component who 
          are separating from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 706. Mental health assessments before members separate from the 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 707. Expansion of sexual trauma counseling and treatment for 
          members of the reserve components.
Sec. 708. Expedited evaluation and treatment for prenatal surgery under 
          the TRICARE program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Maintenance of inpatient capabilities of military medical 
          treatment facilities located outside the United States.
Sec. 712. Modification of priority for evaluation and treatment of 
          individuals at military treatment facilities.
Sec. 713. Clarification of administration of military medical treatment 
          facilities.
Sec. 714. Regular update of prescription drug pricing standard under 
          TRICARE retail pharmacy program.
Sec. 715. Modification of execution of TRICARE contracting 
          responsibilities.
Sec. 716. Additional emergency uses for medical products to reduce 
          deaths and severity of injuries caused by agents of war.
Sec. 717. Modification of determination of average wait times at urgent 
          care clinics and pharmacies at military medical treatment 
          facilities under pilot program.
Sec. 718. Requirement for reimbursement by Department of Defense to 
          entities carrying out State vaccination programs for costs of 
          vaccines provided to covered beneficiaries.
Sec. 719. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 720. Residency requirements for podiatrists.
Sec. 721. Authorization of physical therapist assistants and 
          occupational therapy assistants to provide services under the 
          TRICARE program.
Sec. 722. Selection of military commanders and directors of military 
          medical treatment facilities.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Pilot program on health care assistance system.
Sec. 732. Feasibility study on conduct of pilot program on mental health 
          readiness of part-time members of the reserve components of 
          the Armed Forces.
Sec. 733. Report on plan to improve pediatric care and related services 
          for children of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 734. Longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 735. Study on safe opioid prescribing practices.
Sec. 736. Report on implementation of GAO recommendations.
Sec. 737. Declassification by Department of Defense of certain incidents 
          of exposure of members of the Armed Forces to toxic 
          substances.
Sec. 738. Coordination by Veterans Health Administration of efforts to 
          understand effects of burn pits.
Sec. 739. TRICARE technical amendments.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

    SEC. 701. CONTINUED ACCESS TO MEDICAL CARE AT FACILITIES OF THE 
      UNIFORMED SERVICES FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    (a) TRICARE Reserve Select.--Paragraph (2) of section 1076d(f) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
        ``(2) The term `TRICARE Reserve Select' means--
            ``(A) medical care at facilities of the uniformed services 
        to which a dependent described in section 1076(a)(2) of this 
        title is entitled; and
            ``(B) health benefits under the TRICARE Select self-
        managed, preferred provider network option under section 1075 
        of this title made available to beneficiaries by reason of this 
        section and subject to the cost-sharing requirements set forth 
        in such section 1075.''.
    (b) TRICARE Retired Reserve.--Section 1076e is amended--
        (1) In subsection (b), in the subsection heading, by striking 
    ``Retired Reserve'';
        (2) In subsection (c), by striking ``Retired Reserve'' the last 
    place it appears; and
        (3) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting 
    the following:
        ``(2) The term `TRICARE Retired Reserve' means--
            ``(A) medical care at facilities of the uniformed services 
        to which a dependent described in section 1076(a)(2) of this 
        title is entitled; and
            ``(B) health benefits under the TRICARE Select self-
        managed, preferred provider network option under section 1075 
        of this title made available to beneficiaries by reason of this 
        section and subject to the cost-sharing requirements set forth 
        in such section 1075.''.
    SEC. 702. MODIFICATIONS OF COST-SHARING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE 
      TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS PROGRAM AND TREATMENT OF CERTAIN 
      PHARMACEUTICAL AGENTS.
    (a) In General.--Paragraph (6) of section 1074g(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(6)(A) In the case of any of the years 2018 through 2027, the 
cost-sharing amounts under this subsection for eligible covered 
beneficiaries shall be determined in accordance with the following 
table:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     The cost-
             The cost-                sharing                 The cost-
              sharing    The cost-     amount    The cost-     sharing
               amount     sharing    for a 90-    sharing     amount for
             for a 30-   amount for     day      amount for    a 90-day
   ``For:       day       a 30-day   supply of    a 90-day   supply of a
             supply of  supply of a    a mail   supply of a   mail order
              a retail     retail      order     mail order      non-
              generic    formulary    generic    formulary    formulary
                is:         is:         is:         is:          is:
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2018          $11         $28          $7         $24          $53
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2019          $11         $28          $7         $24          $53
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2020          $13         $33         $10         $29          $60
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2021          $13         $33         $10         $29          $60
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2022          $14         $38         $12         $34          $68
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2023          $14         $38         $12         $34          $68
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2024          $16         $43         $13         $38          $76
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2025          $16         $43         $13         $38          $76
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2026          $16         $48         $14         $44          $85
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2027          $16         $48         $14         $44          $85
------------------------------------------------------------------------


    ``(B) For any year after 2027, the cost-sharing amounts under this 
subsection for eligible covered beneficiaries shall be equal to the 
cost-sharing amounts for the previous year adjusted by an amount, if 
any, determined by the Secretary to reflect changes in the costs of 
pharmaceutical agents and prescription dispensing, rounded to the 
nearest dollar.
    ``(C) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), the cost-sharing 
amounts under this subsection for a dependent of a member of the 
uniformed services who dies while on active duty, a member retired 
under chapter 61 of this title, or a dependent of a member retired 
under such chapter shall be equal to the cost-sharing amounts, if any, 
for 2017.''.
    (b) Treatment of Certain Pharmaceutical Agents.--
        (1) Pharmacy benefits program.--Such section is amended by 
    adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(10) Notwithstanding paragraphs (2), (5), and (6), in order to 
encourage the use by covered beneficiaries of pharmaceutical agents 
that provide the best clinical effectiveness to covered beneficiaries 
and the Department of Defense (as determined by the Secretary, 
including considerations of better care, healthier people, and smarter 
spending), the Secretary may, upon the recommendation of the Pharmacy 
and Therapeutics Committee established under subsection (b) and review 
by the Uniform Formulary Beneficiary Advisory Panel established under 
subsection (c)--
        ``(A) exclude from the pharmacy benefits program any 
    pharmaceutical agent that the Secretary determines provides very 
    little or no clinical effectiveness to covered beneficiaries and 
    the Department under the program; and
        ``(B) give preferential status to any non-generic 
    pharmaceutical agent on the uniform formulary by treating it, for 
    purposes of cost-sharing under paragraph (6), as a generic product 
    under the TRICARE retail pharmacy program and mail order pharmacy 
    program.''.
        (2) Medical contracts.--Section 1079 of such title is amended 
    by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(q) In the case of any pharmaceutical agent (as defined in 
section 1074g(g) of this title) provided under a contract entered into 
under this section by a physician, in an outpatient department of a 
hospital, or otherwise as part of any medical services provided under 
such a contract, the Secretary of Defense may, under regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary, adopt special reimbursement methods, 
amounts, and procedures to encourage the use of high-value products and 
discourage the use of low-value products, as determined by the 
Secretary.''.
        (3) Regulations.--In order to implement expeditiously the 
    reforms authorized by the amendments made by paragraphs (1) and 
    (2), the Secretary of Defense may prescribe such changes to the 
    regulations implementing the TRICARE program (as defined in section 
    1072 of title 10, United States Code) as the Secretary considers 
    appropriate--
            (A) by prescribing an interim final rule; and
            (B) not later than one year after prescribing such interim 
        final rule and considering public comments with respect to such 
        interim final rule, by prescribing a final rule.
    SEC. 703. PROVISION OF HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY FOR CERTAIN 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) HBOT Treatment.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, is 
    amended by inserting after section 1074n the following new section:
``Sec. 1074o. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain 
     members
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may furnish hyperbaric oxygen 
therapy available at a military medical treatment facility to a covered 
member if such therapy is prescribed by a physician to treat post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury.
    ``(b) Covered Member Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
member' means a member of the armed forces who is--
        ``(1) serving on active duty; and
        ``(2) diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder or 
    traumatic brain injury.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 1074n the following new item:

``1074o. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members.''.

    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 704. SPECIFICATION THAT INDIVIDUALS UNDER THE AGE OF 21 ARE 
      ELIGIBLE FOR HOSPICE CARE SERVICES UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
    Section 1079(a)(15) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, except that 
hospice care may be provided to an individual under the age of 21 
concurrently with health care services or hospitalization for the same 
condition''.
    SEC. 705. PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF A RESERVE COMPONENT 
      WHO ARE SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED FORCES.
    Section 1145 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections (e) 
    and (f), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
    subsection (d):
    ``(d) Physical Examinations for Certain Members of a Reserve 
Component.--(1) The Secretary concerned shall provide a physical 
examination pursuant to subsection (a)(5) to each member of a reserve 
component who--
        ``(A) during the two-year period before the date on which the 
    member is scheduled to be separated from the armed forces served on 
    active duty in support of a contingency operation for a period of 
    more than 30 days;
        ``(B) will not otherwise receive such an examination under such 
    subsection; and
        ``(C) elects to receive such a physical examination.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall--
        ``(A) provide the physical examination under paragraph (1) to a 
    member during the 90-day period before the date on which the member 
    is scheduled to be separated from the armed forces; and
        ``(B) issue orders to such a member to receive such physical 
    examination.
    ``(3) A member may not be entitled to health care benefits pursuant 
to subsection (a), (b), or (c) solely by reason of being provided a 
physical examination under paragraph (1).
    ``(4) In providing to a member a physical examination under 
paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall provide to the member a 
record of the physical examination.''.
    SEC. 706. MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENTS BEFORE MEMBERS SEPARATE FROM 
      THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Section 1145(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``and a mental health assessment 
conducted pursuant to section 1074n of this title'' after ``a physical 
examination''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1074n(a) of such title is 
amended by inserting ``(and before separation from active duty pursuant 
to section 1145(a)(5)(A) of this title)'' after ``each calendar year''.
    SEC. 707. EXPANSION OF SEXUAL TRAUMA COUNSELING AND TREATMENT FOR 
      MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.
    Section 1720D(a)(2)(A) of title 38, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by striking ``on active duty''; and
        (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
    ``that was suffered by the member while serving on active duty, 
    active duty for training, or inactive duty training''.
    SEC. 708. EXPEDITED EVALUATION AND TREATMENT FOR PRENATAL SURGERY 
      UNDER THE TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement processes 
and procedures to ensure that a covered beneficiary under the TRICARE 
program whose pregnancy is complicated with (or suspected of 
complication with) a fetal condition may elect to receive expedited 
evaluation, nondirective counseling, and medical treatment from a 
perinatal or pediatric specialist capable of providing surgical 
management and intervention in utero.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'' and ``TRICARE program'' have the meanings given those 
terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

    SEC. 711. MAINTENANCE OF INPATIENT CAPABILITIES OF MILITARY MEDICAL 
      TREATMENT FACILITIES LOCATED OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.
    Section 1073d of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Maintenance of Inpatient Capabilities at Military Medical 
Treatment Facilities Located Outside the United States.--(1) In 
carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
each covered facility maintains, at a minimum, inpatient capabilities 
that the Secretary determines are similar to the inpatient capabilities 
of such facility on September 30, 2016.
    ``(2) The Secretary may not eliminate the inpatient capabilities of 
a covered facility until the day that is 180 days after the Secretary 
provides a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives regarding the proposed elimination. 
During any such briefing, the Secretary shall certify the following:
        ``(A) The Secretary has entered into agreements with hospitals 
    or medical centers in the host nation of such covered facility 
    that--
            ``(i) replace the inpatient capabilities the Secretary 
        proposes to eliminate; and
            ``(ii) ensure members of the armed forces and covered 
        beneficiaries who receive health care from such covered 
        facility, have, within a distance the Secretary determines is 
        reasonable, access to quality health care, including case 
        management and translation services.
        ``(B) The Secretary has consulted with the commander of the 
    geographic combatant command in which such covered facility is 
    located to ensure that the proposed elimination would have no 
    impact on the operational plan for such geographic combatant 
    command.
        ``(C) Before the Secretary eliminates the inpatient 
    capabilities of such covered facility, the Secretary shall provide 
    each member of the armed forces or covered beneficiary who receives 
    health care from the covered facility with--
            ``(i) a transition plan for continuity of health care for 
        such member or covered beneficiary; and
            ``(ii) a public forum to discuss the concerns of the member 
        or covered beneficiary regarding the proposed reduction.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `covered facility' means a 
military medical treatment facility located outside the United 
States.''.
    SEC. 712. MODIFICATION OF PRIORITY FOR EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF 
      INDIVIDUALS AT MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    Subsection (b) of section 717 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Priority of Covered Beneficiaries.--
        ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
    evaluation and treatment of covered beneficiaries at military 
    treatment facilities shall be prioritized ahead of the evaluation 
    and treatment of veterans and civilians at such facilities under 
    subsection (a).
        ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirement under 
    paragraph (1) in order to provide timely evaluation and treatment 
    for individuals who are--
            ``(A) severely wounded or injured by acts of terror that 
        occur in the United States; or
            ``(B) residents of the United States who are severely 
        wounded or injured by acts of terror outside the United 
        States.''.
    SEC. 713. CLARIFICATION OF ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY MEDICAL 
      TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    Section 1073c(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(E), by striking ``miliary'' and inserting 
    ``military'';
        (2) in paragraph (2), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
    by striking ``commander'' and inserting ``military commander or 
    director''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) If the Secretary of Defense determines it appropriate, a 
military director (or any other senior military officer or officers) of 
a military medical treatment facility may be a commanding officer for 
purposes of chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice) with respect to military personnel assigned to the military 
medical treatment facility.''.
    SEC. 714. REGULAR UPDATE OF PRESCRIPTION DRUG PRICING STANDARD 
      UNDER TRICARE RETAIL PHARMACY PROGRAM.
    Section 1074g(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) With respect to the TRICARE retail pharmacy program described 
in subsection (a)(2)(E)(ii), the Secretary shall ensure that a contract 
entered into with a TRICARE pharmacy program contractor includes 
requirements described in section 1860D-12(b)(6) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-112(b)(6)) to ensure the provision of information 
regarding the pricing standard for prescription drugs.''.
    SEC. 715. MODIFICATION OF EXECUTION OF TRICARE CONTRACTING 
      RESPONSIBILITIES.
    Subsection (b) of section 705 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Execution of Contracting Responsibility.--With respect to any 
acquisition of managed care support services under the TRICARE program 
initiated after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition and Sustainment shall be responsible for--
        ``(1) decisions relating to such acquisition;
        ``(2) approving the acquisition strategy; and
        ``(3) conducting pre-solicitation, pre-award, and post-award 
    acquisition reviews.''.
    SEC. 716. ADDITIONAL EMERGENCY USES FOR MEDICAL PRODUCTS TO REDUCE 
      DEATHS AND SEVERITY OF INJURIES CAUSED BY AGENTS OF WAR.
    Section 1107a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Additional Authority to Reduce Deaths and Severity of 
Injuries Caused by Agents of War.--(1) In a case in which an emergency 
use of an unapproved product or an emergency unapproved use of an 
approved product cannot be authorized under section 564 of the Federal 
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3) because the emergency 
does not involve an actual or threatened attack with a biological, 
chemical, radiological, or nuclear agent or agents, the Secretary of 
Defense may authorize an emergency use outside the United States of the 
product to reduce the number of deaths or the severity of harm to 
members of the armed forces (or individuals associated with deployed 
members of the armed forces) caused by a risk or agent of war.
    ``(2) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, an 
authorization by the Secretary under paragraph (1) shall have the same 
effect with respect to the armed forces as an emergency use 
authorization under section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic 
Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
    ``(3) The Secretary may issue an authorization under paragraph (1) 
with respect to the emergency use of an unapproved product or the 
emergency unapproved use of an approved product only if--
        ``(A) the committee established under paragraph (5) has 
    recommended that the Secretary issue the authorization; and
        ``(B) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs 
    makes a written determination, after consultation with the 
    Commissioner of Food and Drugs, that, based on the totality of 
    scientific evidence available to the Assistant Secretary, criteria 
    comparable to those specified in section 564(c) of the Federal 
    Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3(c)) have been met.
    ``(4) With respect to the emergency use of an unapproved product or 
the emergency unapproved use of an approved product under this 
subsection, the Secretary of Defense shall establish such scope, 
conditions, and terms under this subsection as the Secretary considers 
appropriate, including scope, conditions, and terms comparable to those 
specified in section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 
(21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3).
    ``(5)(A) There is established in the Department of Defense a 
Department of Defense Emergency Use Authorization Committee (in this 
paragraph referred to as the `Committee') to advise the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs on proposed authorizations 
under this subsection.
    ``(B) Members of the Committee shall be appointed by the Secretary 
of Defense and shall consist of prominent health care professionals who 
are not employees of the Department of Defense (other than for purposes 
of serving as a member of the Committee).
    ``(C) The Committee may be established as a subcommittee of another 
Federal advisory committee.
    ``(6) In this subsection:
        ``(A) The term `biological product' has the meaning given that 
    term in section 351(i) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 
    262(i)).
        ``(B) The terms `device' and `drug' have the meanings given 
    those terms in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic 
    Act (21 U.S.C. 321).
        ``(C) The term `product' means a drug, device, or biological 
    product.
        ``(D) The terms `unapproved product' and `unapproved use of an 
    approved product' have the meanings given those terms in section 
    564(a)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 
    360bbb-3(a)(4)).''.
    SEC. 717. MODIFICATION OF DETERMINATION OF AVERAGE WAIT TIMES AT 
      URGENT CARE CLINICS AND PHARMACIES AT MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
      FACILITIES UNDER PILOT PROGRAM.
    (a) Urgent Care Clinics.--Subsection (c)(2) of section 744 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328) is amended to read as follows:
        ``(2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
    Secretary shall determine the average wait time to display under 
    such paragraph by using a formula derived from best practices in 
    the health care industry.''.
    (b) Pharmacies.--Subsection (d)(2) of such section is amended to 
read as follows:
        ``(2) Determination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
    Secretary shall determine the average wait time to display under 
    such paragraph by using a formula derived from best practices in 
    the health care industry.''.
    SEC. 718. REQUIREMENT FOR REIMBURSEMENT BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO 
      ENTITIES CARRYING OUT STATE VACCINATION PROGRAMS FOR COSTS OF 
      VACCINES PROVIDED TO COVERED BENEFICIARIES.
    Section 719 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1074g note) is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``authorization of 
    reimbursement'' and inserting ``reimbursement''; and
        (2) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``may'' and inserting 
    ``shall''.
    SEC. 719. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
      DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY DEMONSTRATION 
      FUND.
    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as amended by 
section 722 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291), 
section 723 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 (Public Law 114-92), and section 741(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is further 
amended by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting ``September 
30, 2019''.
    SEC. 720. RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR PODIATRISTS.
    (a) Requirement.--In addition to any other qualification required 
by law or regulation, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that to 
serve as a podiatrist in the Armed Forces, an individual must have 
successfully completed a three-year podiatric medicine and surgical 
residency.
    (b) Application.--Subsection (a) shall apply with respect to an 
individual who is commissioned as an officer in the Armed Forces on or 
after the date that is one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    SEC. 721. AUTHORIZATION OF PHYSICAL THERAPIST ASSISTANTS AND 
      OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY ASSISTANTS TO PROVIDE SERVICES UNDER THE 
      TRICARE PROGRAM.
    (a) Addition to List of Authorized Professional Providers of 
Care.--The Secretary of Defense shall revise section 199.6(c) of title 
32, Code of Federal Regulations, as in effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act, to add to the list of individual professional 
providers of care who are authorized to provide services to 
beneficiaries under the TRICARE program, as defined in section 1072 of 
title 10, United States Code, the following types of health care 
practitioners:
        (1) Licensed or certified physical therapist assistants who 
    meet the qualifications for physical therapist assistants specified 
    in section 484.4 of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations, or any 
    successor regulation, to furnish services under the supervision of 
    a physical therapist.
        (2) Licensed or certified occupational therapy assistants who 
    meet the qualifications for occupational therapy assistants 
    specified in such section 484.4, or any successor regulation, to 
    furnish services under the supervision of an occupational 
    therapist.
    (b) Supervision.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish in 
regulations requirements for the supervision of physical therapist 
assistants and occupational therapy assistants, respectively, by 
physical therapists and occupational therapists, respectively.
    (c) Manuals and Other Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
update the CHAMPVA Policy Manual and other relevant manuals and 
subregulatory guidance of the Department of Defense to carry out the 
revisions and requirements of this section.
    SEC. 722. SELECTION OF MILITARY COMMANDERS AND DIRECTORS OF 
      MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall establish the common qualifications and core 
competencies required for an individual to serve as a military 
commander or director of a military medical treatment facility.
    (b) Objective.--The objective of the Secretary under this section 
shall be to ensure that each individual selected to serve as a military 
commander or director of a military medical treatment facility is 
highly qualified to serve as health system executive.
    (c) Standards.--In establishing common qualifications and core 
competencies under subsection (a), the Secretary shall include 
standards with respect to the following:
        (1) Professional competence.
        (2) Moral and ethical integrity and character.
        (3) Formal education in health care executive leadership and in 
    health care management.
        (4) Such other matters the Secretary determines to be 
    appropriate.

                 Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

    SEC. 731. PILOT PROGRAM ON HEALTH CARE ASSISTANCE SYSTEM.
    (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
pilot program to provide a health care assistance service to certain 
covered beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE Select using purchased care 
to improve the health outcomes and patient experience for covered 
beneficiaries with complex medical conditions.
    (b) Elements.--The pilot program under subsection (a) may include 
the following elements:
        (1) Assisting beneficiaries with complex medical conditions to 
    understand and use the health benefits under the TRICARE program.
        (2) Supporting such beneficiaries in accessing and navigating 
    the purchased care health care delivery system.
        (3) Providing such beneficiaries with information to allow the 
    beneficiaries to make informed decisions regarding the quality, 
    safety, and cost of available health care services.
        (4) Improving the health outcomes for such beneficiaries.
    (c) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program for 
an amount of time determined appropriate by the Secretary during the 
five-year period beginning 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
    (d) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a report containing an evaluation of the 
success of the pilot program under subsection (a), including--
        (1) an analysis of the implementation of the elements under 
    subsection (b); and
        (2) the feasibility of incorporating such elements into TRICARE 
    support contracts.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'', ``TRICARE program'', and ``TRICARE Select'' have the 
meaning given those terms in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
Code.
    SEC. 732. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON CONDUCT OF PILOT PROGRAM ON MENTAL 
      HEALTH READINESS OF PART-TIME MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS 
      OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
feasibility study and cost estimate for a pilot program that uses 
predictive analytics and screening to identify mental health risk and 
provide early, targeted intervention for part-time members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces to improve readiness and mission 
success.
    (b) Elements.--The feasibility study conducted under subsection (a) 
shall include elements to assess the following with respect to the 
pilot program studied under such subsection:
        (1) The anticipated improvement in quality of behavioral health 
    services for part-time members of the reserve components of the 
    Armed Forces and the impact of such improvement in quality of 
    behavioral health services on their families and employers.
        (2) The anticipated impact on the culture surrounding 
    behavioral health treatment and help-seeking behavior.
        (3) The feasibility of embedding mental health professionals 
    with units that--
            (A) perform core mission sets and capabilities; and
            (B) carry out high-risk and high-demand missions.
        (4) The particular preventative mental health needs of units at 
    different states of their operational readiness cycle.
        (5) The need for additional personnel of the Department of 
    Defense to implement the pilot program.
        (6) The cost of implementing the pilot program throughout the 
    reserve components of the Armed Forces.
        (7) The benefits of an integrated operational support team for 
    the Air National Guard and Army National Guard units.
    (c) Comparison to Full-time Members of Reserve Components.--As part 
of the feasibility study conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall assess the mental health risk of part-time members of the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces as compared to full-time members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces.
    (d) Use of Existing Models.--In conducting the feasibility study 
under subsection (a), the Secretary, to the extent practicable, shall 
make use of existing models for preventative mental health care.
    SEC. 733. REPORT ON PLAN TO IMPROVE PEDIATRIC CARE AND RELATED 
      SERVICES FOR CHILDREN OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth a plan of the Department of 
Defense to improve pediatric care and related services for children of 
members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) In order to ensure that children receive developmentally 
    appropriate and age-appropriate health care services from the 
    Department, a plan to align preventive pediatric care under the 
    TRICARE program with--
            (A) standards for such care as required by the Patient 
        Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148);
            (B) guidelines established for such care by the Early and 
        Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment program under the 
        Medicaid program carried out under title XIX of the Social 
        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.); and
            (C) recommendations by organizations that specialize in 
        pediatrics.
        (2) A plan to develop a uniform definition of ``pediatric 
    medical necessity'' for the Department that aligns with 
    recommendations of organizations that specialize in pediatrics in 
    order to ensure that a consistent definition of such term is used 
    in providing health care in military treatment facilities and by 
    health care providers under the TRICARE program.
        (3) A plan to develop measures to evaluate and improve access 
    to pediatric care, coordination of pediatric care, and health 
    outcomes for such children.
        (4) A plan to include an assessment of access to pediatric 
    specialty care in the annual report to Congress on the 
    effectiveness of the TRICARE program.
        (5) A plan to improve the quality of and access to behavioral 
    health care under the TRICARE program for children of members of 
    the Armed Forces, including intensive outpatient and partial 
    hospitalization services.
        (6) A plan to mitigate the impact of permanent changes of 
    station and other service-related relocations of members of the 
    Armed Forces on the continuity of health care services received by 
    such children who have special medical or behavioral health needs.
        (7) A plan to mitigate deficiencies in data collection, data 
    utilization, and data analysis to improve pediatric care and 
    related services for children of members of the Armed Forces.
    (c) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given such term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    SEC. 734. LONGITUDINAL MEDICAL STUDY ON BLAST PRESSURE EXPOSURE OF 
      MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
longitudinal medical study on blast pressure exposure of members of the 
Armed Forces during combat and training, including members who train 
with any high overpressure weapon system, such as anti-tank recoilless 
rifles or heavy-caliber sniper rifles.
    (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) shall--
        (1) monitor, record, and analyze data on blast pressure 
    exposure for any member of the Armed Forces who is likely to be 
    exposed to a blast in training or combat;
        (2) assess the feasibility and advisability of including blast 
    exposure history as part of the service record of a member, as a 
    blast exposure log, in order to ensure that, if medical issues 
    arise later, the member receives care for any service-connected 
    injuries; and
        (3) review the safety precautions surrounding heavy weapons 
    training to account for emerging research on blast exposure and the 
    effects of such exposure on cognitive performance of members of the 
    Armed Forces.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives an interim report on the study methods and action 
    plan for the study under subsection (a).
        (2) Final report.--Not later than four years after the date the 
    Secretary begins the study under subsection (a), the Secretary 
    shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    the House of Representatives a report on the results of such study.
    SEC. 735. STUDY ON SAFE OPIOID PRESCRIBING PRACTICES.
    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
effectiveness of the training provided to military health care 
providers regarding opioid prescribing practices, initiatives in opioid 
safety, the use of the VA/DOD Clinical Practice Guideline for 
Management of Opioid Therapy for Chronic Pain, and other related 
training.
    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall address the 
effectiveness of training with respect to the following:
        (1) Identifying and treating individuals with chronic pain.
        (2) Reducing the total number of prescription opioids dispensed 
    by the Department of Defense to beneficiaries of health care 
    furnished by the Department.
        (3) Prescribing practices for opioid analgesic therapy, 
    including--
            (A) reducing average dosage sizes;
            (B) reducing the average number of dosages;
            (C) reducing initial and average durations of opioid 
        analgesic therapy;
            (D) reducing dose escalation when opioid analgesic therapy 
        results in adequate pain reduction; and
            (E) reducing the average number of prescription opioid 
        analgesics dispensed by the Department of Defense.
        (4) Reducing the number of overdoses due to prescription 
    opioids for patients with acute pain and patients undergoing opioid 
    therapy for chronic pain.
        (5) Providing counseling and referrals to treatment 
    alternatives to opioid analgesics.
        (6) Providing education on the risks of opioid medications to 
    individuals for whom such medications are prescribed, and to their 
    families, with special consideration given to raising awareness 
    among adolescents on such risks.
        (7) Effectiveness in communicating to military health care 
    providers changes in policies of the Department of Defense 
    regarding opioid safety and prescribing practices.
    (c) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall also consider the 
feasibility and advisability of further strengthening opioid 
prescribing practices by means of the following:
        (1) Developing and implementing a physician advisory committee 
    of the Department of Defense regarding education programs for 
    prescribers of opioid analgesics.
        (2) Developing methods to encourage health care providers of 
    the Department to use physical therapy or alternative methods to 
    treat acute or chronic pain.
        (3) Developing curricula regarding pain management and safe 
    opioid analgesic prescription practices that incorporate opioid 
    analgesic prescribing guidelines issued by the Centers for Disease 
    Control and Prevention.
    (d) Briefing.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
briefing on the results of the study under subsection (a) and the 
assessment under subsection (c).
    SEC. 736. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF GAO RECOMMENDATIONS.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report to the 
congressional defense committees on the implementation by the 
Department of Defense of the recommendations from the Government 
Accountability Office report entitled ``Actions Needed to Ensure Post-
Traumatic Stress Disorder and Traumatic Brain Injury Are Considered in 
Misconduct Separations'' and published May 16, 2017.
    SEC. 737. DECLASSIFICATION BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OF CERTAIN 
      INCIDENTS OF EXPOSURE OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO TOXIC 
      SUBSTANCES.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
declassification review of documents related to any known incident in 
which not fewer than 100 members of the Armed Forces were intentionally 
exposed to a toxic substance that resulted in at least one case of a 
disability that a member of the medical profession has determined to be 
associated with that toxic substance.
    (b) Limitation.--The declassification required by subsection (a) 
shall be limited to information necessary for an individual who was 
potentially exposed to a toxic substance to determine the following:
        (1) Whether that individual was exposed to that toxic 
    substance.
        (2) The potential severity of the exposure of that individual 
    to that toxic substance.
        (3) Any potential health conditions that may have resulted from 
    exposure to that toxic substance.
    (c) Exception.--The Secretary of Defense is not required to 
declassify documents under subsection (a) if the Secretary determines 
that declassification of those documents would materially and 
immediately threaten the security of the United States.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Armed forces.--The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning 
    given that term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
        (2) Exposed.--The term ``exposed'' means, with respect to a 
    toxic substance, that an individual came into contact with that 
    toxic substance in a manner that could be hazardous to the health 
    of that individual, that may include if that toxic substance was 
    inhaled, ingested, or touched the skin or eyes.
        (3) Exposure.--The term ``exposure'' means, with respect to a 
    toxic substance, an event during which an individual was exposed to 
    that toxic substance.
        (4) Toxic substance.--The term ``toxic substance'' means any 
    substance determined by the Administrator of the Environmental 
    Protection Agency to be harmful to the environment or hazardous to 
    the health of an individual if inhaled or ingested by or absorbed 
    through the skin of that individual.
    SEC. 738. COORDINATION BY VETERANS HEALTH ADMINISTRATION OF EFFORTS 
      TO UNDERSTAND EFFECTS OF BURN PITS.
    The Under Secretary for Health of the Department of Veterans 
Affairs, acting through the Office of Public Health of the Veterans 
Health Administration, shall coordinate efforts related to furthering 
understanding of burn pits, the effect of burn pits on veterans, and 
effective treatments relating to such effects, including with respect 
to research efforts and training of clinical staff on related matters.
    SEC. 739. TRICARE TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Definition of TRICARE Standard.--Paragraph (15) of section 1072 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
        ``(15) The term `TRICARE Standard' means the TRICARE program 
    made available prior to January 1, 2018, covering health benefits 
    contracted for under the authority of section 1079(a) or 1086(a) of 
    this title and subject to the same rates and conditions as apply to 
    persons covered under those sections.''.
    (b) Cost-sharing Amounts.--
        (1) TRICARE select.--
            (A) Allowance of cost-sharing amounts as determined by the 
        secretary.--Subsection (d) of section 1075 of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) The cost-sharing requirements applicable to services not 
specifically addressed in the table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be 
established by the Secretary.''.
            (B) Modification of reference to ambulance civilian 
        network.--Paragraph (1) of such subsection is amended, in the 
        first column of the table, by striking ``Ambulance civilian 
        network'' and inserting ``Ground ambulance civilian network''.
        (2) TRICARE prime.--
            (A) Allowance of cost-sharing amounts as determined by the 
        secretary.--Subsection (b) of section 1075a of such title is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) The cost-sharing requirements applicable to services not 
specifically addressed in the table set forth in paragraph (1) shall be 
established by the Secretary.''.
            (B) Modification of reference to ambulance civilian 
        network.--Paragraph (1) of such section is amended, in the 
        first column of the table, by striking ``Ambulance civilian 
        network'' and inserting ``Ground ambulance civilian network''.
    (c) Medical Care for Dependents.--
        (1) Reference to medically necessary vitamins.--Paragraphs (3) 
    and (18) of section 1077(a) of such title are amended by striking 
    ``subsection (g)'' each place it appears and inserting ``subsection 
    (h)''.
        (2) Eligibility of dependents to purchase hearing aids.--
    Section 1077(g) of such title is amended by striking ``of former 
    members of the uniformed services'' and inserting ``eligible for 
    care under this section''.
    (d) Modification of Reference to Fiscal Year.--
        (1) Contracts for medical care for spouses and children.--
    Section 1079(b) such title is amended by striking ``fiscal year'' 
    each place it appears and inserting ``calendar year''.
        (2) Contracts for health benefits for certain members, former 
    members, and their dependents.--Section 1086(b) of such title is 
    amended by striking ``fiscal year'' each place it appears and 
    inserting ``calendar year''.
    (e) Referrals and Preauthorizations for TRICARE Prime.--
        (1) Preauthorization for care at residential treatment 
    centers.--Section 1095f(b) of such title is amended by adding at 
    the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) Inpatient care at a residential treatment center.''.
        (2) Reference.--Section 1075a(c) of such title is amended by 
    striking ``section 1075f(a)'' and inserting ``section 1095f(a)''.
    (f) Applicability of Premium for Dependent Coverage.--Section 
1110b(c)(1) of such title is amended by striking ``section 1075 of this 
section'' and inserting ``section 1075 or 1075a of this title, as 
appropriate''.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Statements of purpose for Department of Defense acquisition.
Sec. 802. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 803. Performance of incurred cost audits.
Sec. 804. Repeal of certain auditing requirements.
Sec. 805. Increased simplified acquisition threshold.
Sec. 806. Requirements related to the micro-purchase threshold.
Sec. 807. Process for enhanced supply chain scrutiny.
Sec. 808. Defense policy advisory committee on technology.
Sec. 809. Report on extension of development, acquisition, and 
          sustainment authorities of the military departments to the 
          United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 810 . Technical and conforming amendments related to program 
          management provisions.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Modifications to cost or pricing data and reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 812. Applicability of cost and pricing data certification 
          requirements.
Sec. 813. Sunset of certain provisions relating to the procurement of 
          goods other than United States goods.
Sec. 814. Comptroller General report on health and safety records.
Sec. 815. Limitation on unilateral definitization.
Sec. 816. Amendment to sustainment reviews.
Sec. 817. Use of program income by eligible entities that carry out 
          procurement technical assistance programs.
Sec. 818. Enhanced post-award debriefing rights.
Sec. 819. Amendments relating to information technology.
Sec. 820. Change to definition of subcontract in certain circumstances.
Sec. 821. Amendment relating to applicability of inflation adjustments.
Sec. 822. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
          process.
Sec. 823. Exemption from design-build selection procedures.
Sec. 824. Contract closeout authority.
Sec. 825. Elimination of cost underruns as factor in calculation of 
          penalties for cost overruns.
Sec. 826. Modification to annual meeting requirement of Configuration 
          Steering Boards.
Sec. 827. Pilot program on payment of costs for denied Government 
          Accountability Office bid protests.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions to definition of major defense acquisition program.
Sec. 832. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
          source selection process for major defense acquisition 
          programs.
Sec. 833. Role of the Chief of the armed force in material development 
          decision and acquisition system milestones.
Sec. 834. Requirement to emphasize reliability and maintainability in 
          weapon system design.
Sec. 835. Licensing of appropriate intellectual property to support 
          major weapon systems.
Sec. 836. Codification of requirements pertaining to assessment, 
          management, and control of operating and support costs for 
          major weapon systems.
Sec. 837. Should-cost management.
Sec. 838. Improvements to test and evaluation processes and tools.
Sec. 839. Enhancements to transparency in test and evaluation processes 
          and data.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 841. Enhancements to the civilian program management workforce.
Sec. 842. Credits to Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
          Development Fund.
Sec. 843. Improvements to the hiring and training of the acquisition 
          workforce.
Sec. 844. Extension and modifications to acquisition demonstration 
          project.

           Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 846. Procurement through commercial e-commerce portals.
Sec. 847. Revision to definition of commercial item.
Sec. 848. Commercial item determinations.
Sec. 849. Review of regulations on commercial items.
Sec. 850. Training in commercial items procurement.

         Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting

Sec. 851. Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.
Sec. 852. Standard guidelines for evaluation of requirements for 
          services contracts.
Sec. 853. Report on outcome-based services contracts.
Sec. 854. Pilot program for longer term multiyear service contracts.

   Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
                               Prototyping

Sec. 861. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
          additional prototype units.
Sec. 862. Methods for entering into research agreements.
Sec. 863. Education and training for transactions other than contracts 
          and grants.
Sec. 864. Other transaction authority for certain prototype projects.
Sec. 865. Amendment to nontraditional and small contractor innovation 
          prototyping program.
Sec. 866. Middle tier of acquisition for rapid prototype and rapid 
          fielding.
Sec. 867. Preference for use of other transactions and experimental 
          authority.
Sec. 868. Prototype projects to digitize defense acquisition 
          regulations, policies, and guidance, and empower user 
          tailoring of acquisition process.

         Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition

Sec. 871. Noncommercial computer software acquisition considerations.
Sec. 872. Defense Innovation Board analysis of software acquisition 
          regulations.
Sec. 873. Pilot program to use agile or iterative development methods to 
          tailor major software-intensive warfighting systems and 
          defense business systems.
Sec. 874. Software development pilot program using agile best practices.
Sec. 875. Pilot program for open source software.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Extension of maximum duration of fuel storage contracts.
Sec. 882. Procurement of aviation critical safety items.
Sec. 883. Modifications to the advisory panel on streamlining and 
          codifying acquisition regulations.
Sec. 884. Repeal of expired pilot program for leasing commercial utility 
          cargo vehicles.
Sec. 885. Exception for business operations from requirement to accept 
          $1 coins.
Sec. 886. Development of Procurement Administrative Lead Time.
Sec. 887. Notional milestones and standard timelines for contracts for 
          foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Assessment and authority to terminate or prohibit contracts 
          for procurement from Chinese companies providing support to 
          the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
Sec. 889. Report on defense contracting fraud.
Sec. 890. Comptroller General report on contractor business system 
          requirements.
Sec. 891. Training on agile or iterative development methods.

             Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

    SEC. 801. STATEMENTS OF PURPOSE FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
      ACQUISITION.
    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the Defense Federal 
Acquisition Regulation Supplement to include the following statements 
of purpose:
        (1) The defense acquisition system (as defined in section 2545 
    of title 10, United States Code) exists to manage the investments 
    of the United States in technologies, programs, and product support 
    necessary to achieve the national security strategy prescribed by 
    the President pursuant to section 108 of the National Security Act 
    of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043) and to support the United States Armed 
    Forces.
        (2) The investment strategy of the Department of Defense shall 
    be postured to support not only the current United States Armed 
    Forces, but also future Armed Forces of the United States.
        (3) The primary objective of Department of Defense acquisition 
    is to acquire quality products that satisfy user needs with 
    measurable improvements to mission capability and operational 
    support, in a timely manner, and at a fair and reasonable price.
    SEC. 802. MANAGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MATTERS WITHIN THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Management of Intellectual Property.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2321 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2322. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
    Department of Defense
    ``(a) Policy Required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
develop policy on the acquisition or licensing of intellectual 
property--
        ``(1) to enable coordination and consistency across the 
    military departments and the Department of Defense in strategies 
    for acquiring or licensing intellectual property and communicating 
    with industry;
        ``(2) to ensure that program managers are aware of the rights 
    afforded the Federal Government and contractors in intellectual 
    property and that program managers fully consider and use all 
    available techniques and best practices for acquiring or licensing 
    intellectual property early in the acquisition process; and
        ``(3) to encourage customized intellectual property strategies 
    for each system based on, at a minimum, the unique characteristics 
    of the system and its components, the product support strategy for 
    the system, the organic industrial base strategy of the military 
    department concerned, and the commercial market.
    ``(b) Cadre of Intellectual Property Experts.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment, shall establish a cadre of personnel who are experts 
in intellectual property matters. The purpose of the cadre is to ensure 
a consistent, strategic, and highly knowledgeable approach to acquiring 
or licensing intellectual property by providing expert advice, 
assistance, and resources to the acquisition workforce on intellectual 
property matters, including acquiring or licensing intellectual 
property.
    ``(2) The Under Secretary shall establish an appropriate leadership 
structure and office within which the cadre shall be managed, and shall 
determine the appropriate official to whom members of the cadre shall 
report.
    ``(3) The cadre of experts shall be assigned to a program office or 
an acquisition command within a military department to advise, assist, 
and provide resources to a program manager or program executive officer 
on intellectual property matters at various stages of the life cycle of 
a system. In performing such duties, the experts shall--
        ``(A) interpret and provide counsel on laws, regulations, and 
    policies relating to intellectual property;
        ``(B) advise and assist in the development of an acquisition 
    strategy, product support strategy, and intellectual property 
    strategy for a system;
        ``(C) conduct or assist with financial analysis and valuation 
    of intellectual property;
        ``(D) assist in the drafting of a solicitation, contract, or 
    other transaction;
        ``(E) interact with or assist in interactions with contractors, 
    including communications and negotiations with contractors on 
    solicitations and awards; and
        ``(F) conduct or assist with mediation if technical data 
    delivered pursuant to a contract is incomplete or does not comply 
    with the terms of agreements.
    ``(4)(A) In order to achieve the purpose set forth in paragraph 
(1), the Under Secretary shall ensure the cadre has the appropriate 
number of staff and such staff possesses the necessary skills, 
knowledge, and experience to carry out the duties under paragraph (2), 
including in relevant areas of law, contracting, acquisition, 
logistics, engineering, financial analysis, and valuation. The Under 
Secretary, in coordination with the Defense Acquisition University and 
in consultation with academia and industry, shall develop a career 
path, including development opportunities, exchanges, talent management 
programs, and training, for the cadre. The Under Secretary may use 
existing authorities to staff the cadre, including those in 
subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), and (F).
    ``(B) Civilian personnel from within the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense, Joint Staff, military departments, Defense Agencies, and 
combatant commands may be assigned to serve as members of the cadre, 
upon request of the Director.
    ``(C) The Under Secretary may use the authorities for highly 
qualified experts under section 9903 of title 5, to hire experts as 
members of the cadre who are skilled professionals in intellectual 
property and related matters.
    ``(D) The Under Secretary may enter into a contract with a private-
sector entity for specialized expertise to support the cadre. Such 
entity may be considered a covered Government support contractor, as 
defined in section 2320 of this title.
    ``(E) In establishing the cadre, the Under Secretary shall give 
preference to civilian employees of the Department of Defense, rather 
than members of the armed forces, to maintain continuity in the cadre.
    ``(F) The Under Secretary is authorized to use amounts in the 
Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund for the purpose of 
recruitment, training, and retention of the cadre, including paying 
salaries of newly hired members of the cadre for up to three years.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new 
    item:

``2322. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
          Department of Defense.''.

    (b) Additional Acquisition Position.--Subsection 1721(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
        ``(12) Intellectual property.''.
    SEC. 803. PERFORMANCE OF INCURRED COST AUDITS.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2313a the following new section:
``Sec. 2313b. Performance of incurred cost audits
    ``(a) Compliance With Standards of Risk and Materiality.--Not later 
than October 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall comply with 
commercially accepted standards of risk and materiality in the 
performance of each incurred cost audit of costs associated with a 
contract of the Department of Defense.
    ``(b) Conditions for the Use of Qualified Auditors to Perform 
Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) To support the need of the Department of 
Defense for timely and effective incurred cost audits, and to ensure 
that the Defense Contract Audit Agency is able to allocate resources to 
higher-risk and more complex audits, the Secretary of Defense shall use 
qualified private auditors to perform a sufficient number of incurred 
cost audits of contracts of the Department of Defense to--
        ``(A) eliminate, by October 1, 2020, any backlog of incurred 
    cost audits of the Defense Contract Audit Agency;
        ``(B) ensure that incurred cost audits are completed not later 
    than one year after the date of receipt of a qualified incurred 
    cost submission;
        ``(C) maintain an appropriate mix of Government and private 
    sector capacity to meet the current and future needs of the 
    Department of Defense for the performance of incurred cost audits;
        ``(D) ensure that qualified private auditors perform incurred 
    cost audits on an ongoing basis to improve the efficiency and 
    effectiveness of the performance of incurred cost audits; and
        ``(E) limit multiyear auditing to ensure that multiyear 
    auditing is conducted only--
            ``(A) to address outstanding incurred cost audits for which 
        a qualified incurred cost submission was submitted to the 
        Defense Contract Audit Agency more than 12 months before the 
        date of the enactment of this section; or
            ``(B) when the contractor being audited submits a written 
        request, including a justification for the use of multiyear 
        auditing, to the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall consult with Federal agencies 
that have awarded contracts or task orders to qualified private 
auditors to ensure that the Department of Defense is using, as 
appropriate, best practices relating to contracting with qualified 
private auditors.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a qualified 
private auditor performing an incurred cost audit under this section--
        ``(A) has no conflict of interest in performing such an audit, 
    as defined by generally accepted government auditing standards;
        ``(B) possesses the necessary independence to perform such an 
    audit, as defined by generally accepted government auditing 
    standards;
        ``(C) signs a nondisclosure agreement, as appropriate, to 
    protect proprietary or nonpublic data;
        ``(D) accesses and uses proprietary or nonpublic data furnished 
    to the qualified private auditor only for the purposes stated in 
    the contract;
        ``(E) takes all reasonable steps to protect proprietary and 
    nonpublic data furnished during the audit; and
        ``(F) does not use proprietary or nonpublic data provided to 
    the qualified private auditor under the authority of this section 
    to compete for Government or nongovernment contracts.
    ``(c) Procedures for the Use of Qualified Private Auditors.--(1) 
Not later than October 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a plan to implement the 
requirements of subsection (b). Such plan shall include, at a minimum--
        ``(A) a description of the incurred cost audits that the 
    Secretary determines are appropriate to be conducted by qualified 
    private auditors, including the approximate number and dollar value 
    of such incurred cost audits;
        ``(B) an estimate of the number and dollar value of incurred 
    cost audits to be conducted by qualified private auditors for each 
    of the fiscal years 2019 through 2025 necessary to meet the 
    requirements of subsection (b); and
        ``(C) all other elements of an acquisition plan as required by 
    the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
    ``(2) Not later than April 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense or a 
Federal department or agency authorized by the Secretary shall award a 
contract or issue a task order under an existing contract to two or 
more qualified private auditors to perform incurred cost audits of 
costs associated with contracts of the Department of Defense. The 
Defense Contract Management Agency or a contract administration office 
of a military department shall use a contract or a task order awarded 
or issued pursuant to this paragraph for the performance of an incurred 
cost audit, if doing so will assist the Secretary in meeting the 
requirements in subsection (b).
    ``(3) To improve the quality of incurred cost audits and reduce 
duplication of performance of such audits, the Secretary of Defense may 
provide a qualified private auditor with information on past or ongoing 
audit results or other relevant information on the entities the 
qualified private auditor is auditing.
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall consider the results of an 
incurred cost audit performed under this section without regard to 
whether the Defense Contract Audit Agency or a qualified private 
auditor performed the audit.
    ``(5) The contracting officer for a contract that is the subject of 
an incurred cost audit shall have the sole discretion to determine what 
action should be taken based on an audit finding on direct costs of the 
contract.
    ``(d) Qualified Private Auditor Requirements.--(1) A qualified 
private auditor awarded a contract or issued an task order under 
subsection (c)(2) shall conduct an incurred cost audit in accordance 
with the generally accepted government auditing standards.
    ``(2) A qualified private auditor awarded a contract or issued an 
task order under subsection (c)(2) shall develop and maintain complete 
and accurate working papers on each incurred cost audit. All working 
papers and reports on the incurred cost audit prepared by such 
qualified private auditor shall be the property of the Department of 
Defense, except that the qualified private auditor may retain a 
complete copy of all working papers to support such reports made 
pursuant to this section.
    ``(3) A breach of contract by a qualified private auditor with 
respect to use of proprietary or nonpublic data may subject the 
qualified private auditor to--
        ``(A) criminal, civil, administrative, and contractual actions 
    for penalties, damages, and other appropriate remedies by the 
    United States; and
        ``(B) civil actions for damages and other appropriate remedies 
    by the contractor or subcontractor whose data are affected by the 
    breach.
    ``(e) Peer Review.--(1) Effective October 1, 2022, the Defense 
Contract Audit Agency may issue unqualified audit findings for an 
incurred cost audit only if the Defense Contract Audit Agency is peer 
reviewed by a commercial auditor and passes such peer review. Such peer 
review shall be conducted in accordance with the peer review 
requirements of generally accepted government auditing standards, 
including the requirements related to frequency of peer reviews, and 
shall be deemed to meet the requirements of the Defense Contract Audit 
Agency for a peer review under such standards.
    ``(2) Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives an update on the process of securing a 
commercial auditor to perform the peer review referred to in paragraph 
(1).
    ``(f) Numeric Materiality Standards for Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) 
Not later than October 1, 2020, the Department of Defense shall 
implement numeric materiality standards for incurred cost audits to be 
used by auditors that are consistent with commercially accepted 
standards of risk and materiality.
    ``(2) Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
containing proposed numeric materiality standards required under 
paragraph (1). In developing such standards, the Secretary shall 
consult with commercial auditors that conduct incurred cost audits, the 
advisory panel authorized under section 809 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
889), and other governmental and nongovernmental entities with relevant 
expertise.
    ``(g) Timeliness of Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that all incurred cost audits performed by 
qualified private auditors or the Defense Contract Audit Agency are 
performed in a timely manner.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall notify a contractor of the 
Department of Defense within 60 days after receipt of an incurred cost 
submission from the contractor whether the submission is a qualified 
incurred cost submission.
    ``(3) With respect to qualified incurred cost submissions received 
on or after the date of the enactment of this section, audit findings 
shall be issued for an incurred cost audit not later than one year 
after the date of receipt of such qualified incurred cost submission.
    ``(4) Not later than October 1, 2020, and subject to paragraph (5), 
if audit findings are not issued within one year after the date of 
receipt of a qualified incurred cost submission, the audit shall be 
considered to be complete and no additional audit work shall be 
conducted.
    ``(5) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) may waive the 
requirements of paragraph (4) on a case-by-case basis if the Director 
of the Defense Contract Audit Agency submits a written request. The 
Director of the Defense Contract Audit Agency shall include in the 
report required under section 2313a of this title the total number of 
waivers issued and the reasons for issuing each such waiver.
    ``(h) Review of Audit Performance.--Not later than April 1, 2025, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that evaluates for the period 
beginning on October 1, 2019, and ending on August 31, 2023--
        ``(1) the timeliness, individual cost, and quality of incurred 
    cost audits, set forth separately by incurred cost audits performed 
    by the Defense Contract Audit Agency and by qualified private 
    auditors;
        ``(2) the cost to contractors of the Department of Defense for 
    incurred cost audits, set forth separately by incurred cost audits 
    performed by the Defense Contract Audit Agency and by qualified 
    private auditors;
        ``(3) the effect, if any, on other types of audits conducted by 
    the Defense Contract Audit Agency that results from incurred cost 
    audits conducted by qualified private auditors; and
        ``(4) the capability and capacity of qualified private auditors 
    to conduct incurred cost audits for the Department of Defense.
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `commercial auditor' means a private entity 
    engaged in the business of performing audits.
        ``(2) The term `incurred cost audit' means an audit of charges 
    to the Government by a contractor under a flexibly priced contract.
        ``(3) The term `flexibly priced contract' has the meaning given 
    the term `flexibly-priced contracts and subcontracts' in part 30 of 
    the Federal Acquisition Regulation (section 30.001 of title 48, 
    Code of Federal Regulations).
        ``(4) The term `generally accepted government auditing 
    standards' means the generally accepted government auditing 
    standards of the Comptroller General of the United States.
        ``(5) The term `numeric materiality standard' means a dollar 
    amount of misstatements, including omissions, contained in an 
    incurred cost audit that would be material if the misstatements, 
    individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to 
    influence the economic decisions of the Government made on the 
    basis of the incurred cost audit.
        ``(6) The term `qualified incurred cost submission' means a 
    submission by a contractor of costs incurred under a flexibly 
    priced contract that has been qualified by the Department of 
    Defense as sufficient to conduct an incurred cost audit.
        ``(7) The term `qualified private auditor' means a commercial 
    auditor--
            ``(A) that performs audits in accordance with generally 
        accepted government auditing standards; and
            ``(B) that has received a passing peer review rating, as 
        defined by generally accepted government auditing standards.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2313a the following new item:

``2313b. Performance of incurred cost audits.''.

    (c) Amendment to Duties of the Advisory Panel on Streamlining and 
Codifying Acquisition Regulations.--Subsection (c)(2) of section 809 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 129 Stat. 889), as amended by section 863(d) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2303), is amended--
        (1) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``and'' at the end;
        (2) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F);
        (3) by adding after subparagraph (D) the following new 
    subparagraph:
            ``(E) improve the efficiency of the contract auditing 
        process, including through the development of risk-based 
        materiality standards; and''; and
        (4) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated), by striking 
    ``subparagraphs (A) through (D)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (A) 
    through (E)''.
    SEC. 804. REPEAL OF CERTAIN AUDITING REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 190 of title 10, United States Code, as proposed to be 
added by section 820(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2274), is amended 
by striking subsection (f).
    SEC. 805. INCREASED SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION THRESHOLD.
    Section 134 of title 41, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``$100,000'' and inserting ``$250,000''.
    SEC. 806. REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO THE MICRO-PURCHASE THRESHOLD.
    (a) Increase in Threshold.--Section 1902(a)(1) of title 41, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``$3,000'' and inserting 
``$10,000''.
    (b) Convenience Checks.--A convenience check may not be used for an 
amount in excess of one half of the micro-purchase threshold under 
section 1902(a) of title 41, United States Code, or a lower amount 
established by the head of the agency.
    SEC. 807. PROCESS FOR ENHANCED SUPPLY CHAIN SCRUTINY.
    (a) Process.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
process for enhancing scrutiny of acquisition decisions in order to 
improve the integration of supply chain risk management into the 
overall acquisition decision cycle.
    (b) Elements.--The process under subsection (a) shall include the 
following elements:
        (1) Designation of a senior official responsible for overseeing 
    the development and implementation of the process.
        (2) Development or integration of tools to support commercial 
    due-diligence, business intelligence, or otherwise analyze and 
    monitor commercial activity to understand business relationships 
    with entities determined to be threats to the United States.
        (3) Development of risk profiles of products or services based 
    on commercial due-diligence tools and data services.
        (4) Development of education and training curricula for the 
    acquisition workforce that supports the process.
        (5) Integration, as needed, with intelligence sources to 
    develop threat profiles of entities determined to be threats to the 
    United States.
        (6) Periodic review and assessment of software products and 
    services on computer networks of the Department of Defense to 
    remove prohibited products or services.
        (7) Synchronization of the use of current authorities for 
    making supply chain decisions, including section 806 of Public Law 
    111-383 (10 U.S.C. 2304 note) or improved use of suspension and 
    debarment officials.
        (8) Coordination with interagency, industrial, and 
    international partners, as appropriate, to share information, 
    develop Government-wide strategies for dealing with significant 
    entities determined to be significant threats to the United States, 
    and effectively use authorities in other departments and agencies 
    to provide consistent, Government-wide approaches to supply chain 
    threats.
        (9) Other matters as the Secretary considers necessary.
    (c) Notification.--Not later than 90 days after establishing the 
process required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide a 
written notification to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives that the process has been established. The 
notification also shall include the following:
        (1) Identification of the official designated under subsection 
    (b)(1).
        (2) Identification of tools and services currently available to 
    the Department of Defense under subsection (b)(2).
        (3) Assessment of additional tools and services available under 
    subsection (b)(2) that the Department of Defense should evaluate.
        (4) Identification of, or recommendations for, any statutory 
    changes needed to improve the effectiveness of the process.
        (5) Projected resource needs for implementing any 
    recommendations made by the Secretary.
    SEC. 808. DEFENSE POLICY ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Chief Management Officer, shall form a committee of senior executives 
from United States firms in the national technology and industrial base 
to meet with the Secretary, the Secretaries of the military 
departments, and members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to exchange 
information, including, as appropriate, classified information, on 
technology threats to the national security of the United States and on 
the emerging technologies from the national technology and industrial 
base that may become available to counter such threats in a timely 
manner.
    (b) Meetings.--The defense policy advisory committee on technology 
formed pursuant to subsection (a) shall meet with the Secretary and the 
other Department of Defense officials specified in such subsection 
collectively at least once annually in each of fiscal years 2018 
through 2022. The Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional 
defense committees annual briefings on the meetings.
    (c) Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The Federal Advisory Committee 
Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the defense policy advisory 
committee on technology established pursuant to this section.
    SEC. 809. REPORT ON EXTENSION OF DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION, AND 
      SUSTAINMENT AUTHORITIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS TO THE UNITED 
      STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.
    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a review of 
the authorities available to the Secretaries of the military 
departments and the acquisition executives of the military departments 
for the development, acquisition, and sustainment of technology, 
equipment, and services for the military departments in order to 
determine the feasibility and advisability of the provision of such 
authorities to the Commander of the United States Special Operations 
Command and the acquisition executive of the Command for the 
development, acquisition, and sustainment of special operations-
peculiar technology, equipment, and services.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the review required by subsection (a). The report shall include the 
following:
        (1) A description of the review.
        (2) An identification of the authorities the Secretary 
    recommends for provision to the Commander of the United States 
    Special Operations Command and the acquisition executive of the 
    Command as described in subsection (a), and recommendations for any 
    modifications of such authorities that the Secretary considers 
    appropriate for purposes of the United States Special Operations 
    Command.
        (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
    action as the Secretary considers appropriate for the provision of 
    authorities identified pursuant to paragraph (2) as described in 
    subsection (a).
        (4) Such other matters as the Secretary considers appropriate 
    in light of the review.
    SEC. 810. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATED TO PROGRAM 
      MANAGEMENT PROVISIONS.
    (a) Repeal of Duplicative Provision Related to Program and Project 
Management.--Subsection (c) of section 503 of title 31, United States 
Code, as added by section 861(a)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2298), is repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Duplicative Provision Related to Program Management 
Officers and Program Management Policy Council.--Section 1126 of title 
31, United States Code, as added by section 861(b)(1) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2299), is repealed.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Provisions.--Section 861 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2299) is repealed.

Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

    SEC. 811. MODIFICATIONS TO COST OR PRICING DATA AND REPORTING 
      REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Modifications to Submissions of Cost or Pricing Data.--
        (1) Title 10.--Subsection (a) of section 2306a of title 10, 
    United States Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking ``December 5, 1990'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``June 30, 2018'';
            (B) by striking ``December 5, 1991'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``July 1, 2018'';
            (C) by striking ``$100,000'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``$750,000'';
            (D) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraphs (A)(i), (B)(i), (C)(i), (C)(ii), 
            and (D)(i), by striking ``$500,000'' and inserting 
            ``$2,000,000''; and
                (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking ``$500,000'' 
            and inserting ``$750,000'';
            (E) in paragraph (6), by striking ``December 5, 1990'' and 
        inserting ``June 30, 2018''; and
            (F) in paragraph (7), by striking ``to the amount'' and all 
        that follows through ``higher multiple of $50,000.'' and 
        inserting ``in accordance with section 1908 of title 41.''.
        (2) Title 41.--Section 3502 of title 41, United States Code, is 
    amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by striking ``October 13, 1994'' each place it 
            appears and inserting ``June 30, 2018'';
                (ii) by striking ``$100,000'' each place it appears and 
            inserting ``$750,000'';
                (iii) in paragraphs (1)(A), (2)(A), (3)(A), (3)(B), and 
            (4)(A), by striking ``$500,000'' and inserting 
            ``$2,000,000''; and
                (iv) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``$500,000'' and 
            inserting ``$750,000'';
            (B) in subsection (f), by striking ``October 13, 1994'' and 
        inserting ``June 30, 2018''; and
            (C) in subsection (g), by striking ``to the amount'' and 
        all that follows through ``higher multiple of $50,000.'' and 
        inserting ``in accordance with section 1908.''.
    (b) Modification to Authority to Require Submission.--Paragraph (1) 
of section 2306a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``the contracting officer shall require submission of'' and 
all the follows through ``to the extent necessary'' and inserting ``the 
offeror shall be required to submit to the contracting officer data 
other than certified cost or pricing data (if requested by the 
contracting officer), to the extent necessary''.
    (c) Comptroller General Review of Modifications to Cost or Pricing 
Data Submission Requirements.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the implementation and 
effect of the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b).
    (d) Requirements for Defense Contract Audit Agency Report.--
        (1) In general.--Section 2313a of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)(2)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A)--

                    (I) by inserting ``and dollar value'' after 
                ``number''; and
                    (II) by inserting ``, set forth separately by type 
                of audit'' after ``pending'';

                (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, both from 
            the date of receipt of a qualified incurred cost submission 
            and from the date the audit begins'' after ``audit'';
                (iii) by amending subparagraph (D) to read as follows:
            ``(D) the sustained questioned costs, set forth separately 
        by type of audit, both as a total value and as a percentage of 
        the total questioned costs for the audit;'';
                (iv) by striking subparagraph (E); and
                (v) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following 
            new subparagraphs:
            ``(E) the total number and dollar value of incurred cost 
        audits completed, and the method by which such incurred cost 
        audits were completed;
            ``(F) the aggregate cost of performing audits, set forth 
        separately by type of audit;
            ``(G) the ratio of sustained questioned costs to the 
        aggregate costs of performing audits, set forth separately by 
        type of audit; and
            ``(H) the total number and dollar value of audits that are 
        pending for a period longer than one year as of the end of the 
        fiscal year covered by the report, and the fiscal year in which 
        the qualified submission was received, set forth separately by 
        type of audit;''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Definitions.--
        ``(1) The terms `incurred cost audit' and `qualified incurred 
    cost submission' have the meaning given those terms in section 
    2313b of this title.
        ``(2) The term `sustained questioned costs' means questioned 
    costs that were recovered by the Federal Government as a result of 
    contract negotiations related to such questioned costs.''.
        (2) Exemption to report termination requirements.--Section 
    1080(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), as 
    amended by section 1061(j) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2405; 10 
    U.S.C. 111 note), does not apply to the report required to be 
    submitted to Congress under section 2313a of title 10, United 
    States Code.
    (e) Adjustment to Value of Covered Contracts for Requirements 
Relating to Allowable Costs.--Subparagraph (B) of section 2324(l)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``to the 
equivalent'' and all that follows through ``higher multiple of 
$50,000.'' and inserting ``in accordance with section 1908 of title 
41.''.
    SEC. 812. APPLICABILITY OF COST AND PRICING DATA CERTIFICATION 
      REQUIREMENTS.
    Section 830(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2286) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``same product'' and 
    inserting ``same or similar product'';
        (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4); and
        (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraphs:
        ``(2) Determination of same or similar product.--The Secretary 
    of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly determine 
    whether a product is considered to be a similar product for the 
    purposes of this pilot program.
        ``(3) Waiver of cost or pricing certification.--The Secretary 
    of Defense may waive the certification requirement under section 
    2306a(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, if the Secretary 
    determines that the Federal Government has sufficient data and 
    information regarding the reasonableness of the price.''.
    SEC. 813. SUNSET OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE PROCUREMENT 
      OF GOODS OTHER THAN UNITED STATES GOODS.
    (a) Chemical Weapons Antidote.--Section 2534(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(5) Chemical weapons antidote.--Subsections (a)(2) and (b)(2) 
    shall cease to be effective on October 1, 2018.''.
    (b) Photovoltaic Devices.--Effective October 1, 2018, section 858 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 
2534 note) is repealed.
    SEC. 814. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON HEALTH AND SAFETY RECORDS.
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the congressional 
    defense committees a report on the safety and health records of 
    Department of Defense contractors.
        (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) A description of the existing procedures of the 
        Department of Defense to evaluate the safety and health records 
        of current and prospective contractors.
            (B) An evaluation of the adherence of the Department of 
        Defense to such procedures.
            (C) An assessment of the current incidence of safety and 
        health violations by Department of Defense contractors.
            (D) An assessment of whether the Secretary of Labor has the 
        resources to investigate and identify safety and health 
        violations by Department of Defense contractors.
            (E) An assessment of whether the Secretary of Labor should 
        consider assuming an expanded investigatory role or a targeted 
        enforcement program for ensuring the safety and health of 
        individuals working under Department of Defense contracts.
    SEC. 815. LIMITATION ON UNILATERAL DEFINITIZATION.
    (a) Limitation.--Section 2326 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), 
    and (i) as subsections (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), and (j) 
    respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection (c):
    ``(c) Limitation on Unilateral Definitization by Contracting 
Officer.--With respect to any undefinitized contractual action with a 
value greater than $50,000,000, if agreement is not reached on 
contractual terms, specifications, and price within the period or by 
the date provided in subsection (b)(1), the contracting officer may not 
unilaterally definitize those terms, specifications, or price over the 
objection of the contractor until--
        ``(1) the service acquisition executive for the military 
    department that awarded the contract, or the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment if the contract was awarded 
    by a Defense Agency or other component of the Department of 
    Defense, approves the definitization in writing;
        ``(2) the contracting officer provides a copy of the written 
    approval to the contractor; and
        ``(3) a period of 30 calendar days has elapsed after the 
    written approval is provided to the contractor.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2326(b)(3) of such title is 
amended by striking ``subsection (g)'' and inserting ``subsection 
(h)''.
    (c) Conforming Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the 
Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
to implement section 2326 of title 10, United States Code, as amended 
by this section.
    SEC. 816. AMENDMENT TO SUSTAINMENT REVIEWS.
    Section 2441(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The Secretary concerned shall make 
the memorandum and supporting documentation for each sustainment review 
available to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment within 30 days after the review is completed.''.
    SEC. 817. USE OF PROGRAM INCOME BY ELIGIBLE ENTITIES THAT CARRY OUT 
      PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.
    Section 2414 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the section heading, by striking ``limitation'' and 
    inserting ``funding''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Use of Program Income.--
        ``(1) An eligible entity that earned income in a specified 
    fiscal year from activities carried out pursuant to a procurement 
    technical assistance program funded under this chapter may expend 
    an amount of such income, not to exceed 25 percent of the cost of 
    furnishing procurement technical assistance in such specified 
    fiscal year, during the fiscal year following such specified fiscal 
    year, to carry out a procurement technical assistance program 
    funded under this chapter.
        ``(2) An eligible entity that does not enter into a cooperative 
    agreement with the Secretary for a fiscal year--
            ``(A) shall notify the Secretary of the amount of any 
        income the eligible entity carried over from the previous 
        fiscal year; and
            ``(B) may retain an amount of such income equal to 10 
        percent of the value of assistance furnished by the Secretary 
        under this section during the previous fiscal year.
        ``(3) In determining the value of assistance furnished by the 
    Secretary under this section for any fiscal year, the Secretary 
    shall account for the amount of any income the eligible entity 
    carried over from the previous fiscal year.''.
    SEC. 818. ENHANCED POST-AWARD DEBRIEFING RIGHTS.
    (a) Release of Contract Award Information.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall revise the Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation to require that all required post-award 
debriefings, while protecting the confidential and proprietary 
information of other offerors, include, at a minimum, the following:
        (1) In the case of a contract award in excess of $100,000,000, 
    a requirement for disclosure of the agency's written source 
    selection award determination, redacted to protect the confidential 
    and proprietary information of other offerors for the contract 
    award, and, in the case of a contract award in excess of 
    $10,000,000 and not in excess of $100,000,000 with a small business 
    or nontraditional contractor, an option for the small business or 
    nontraditional contractor to request such disclosure.
        (2) A requirement for a written or oral debriefing for all 
    contract awards and task or delivery orders valued at $10,000,000 
    or higher.
        (3) Provisions ensuring that both unsuccessful and winning 
    offerors are entitled to the disclosure described in paragraph (1) 
    and the debriefing described in paragraph (2).
        (4) Robust procedures, consistent with section 2305(b)(5)(D) of 
    title 10, United States Code, and provisions implementing that 
    section in the Federal Acquisition Regulation, to protect the 
    confidential and proprietary information of other offerors.
    (b) Opportunity for Follow-up Questions.--Section 2305(b)(5) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) as 
    subparagraphs (D), (E), and (F), respectively;
        (2) in subparagraph (B)--
            (A) in clause (v), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (B) in clause (vi), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
        ``(vii) an opportunity for a disappointed offeror to submit, 
    within two business days after receiving a post-award debriefing, 
    additional questions related to the debriefing.''; and
        (3) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
    subparagraph:
    ``(C) The agency shall respond in writing to any additional 
question submitted under subparagraph (B)(vii) within five business 
days after receipt of the question. The agency shall not consider the 
debriefing to be concluded until the agency delivers its written 
responses to the disappointed offeror.''.
    (c) Commencement of Post-briefing Period.--Section 3553(d)(4) of 
title 31, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses (i) 
    and (ii) respectively;
        (2) by striking ``The period'' and inserting ``(A) The 
    period''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) For procurements conducted by any component of the Department 
of Defense, the 5-day period described in subparagraph (A)(ii) does not 
commence until the day the Government delivers to a disappointed 
offeror the written responses to any questions submitted pursuant to 
section 2305(b)(5)(B)(vii) of title 10.''.
    SEC. 819. AMENDMENTS RELATING TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.
    (a) Elimination of Sunset Relating to Transparency and Risk 
Management of Major Information Technology Investments.--Subsection (c) 
of section 11302 of title 40, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the first paragraph (5).
    (b) Elimination of Sunset Relating to Information Technology 
Portfolio, Program, and Resource Reviews.--Section 11319 of title 40, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating the second subsection (c) as subsection 
    (d); and
        (2) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by striking 
    paragraph (6).
    (c) Extension of Sunset Relating to Federal Data Center 
Consolidation Initiative.--Subsection (e) of section 834 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 44 U.S.C. 3601 note) is amended by striking ``2018'' and 
inserting ``2020''.
    SEC. 820. CHANGE TO DEFINITION OF SUBCONTRACT IN CERTAIN 
      CIRCUMSTANCES.
    Section 1906(c)(1) of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The term does not include agreements 
entered into by a contractor for the supply of commodities that are 
intended for use in the performance of multiple contracts with the 
Federal Government and other parties and are not identifiable to any 
particular contract.''.
    SEC. 821. AMENDMENT RELATING TO APPLICABILITY OF INFLATION 
      ADJUSTMENTS.
    Section 1908(d) of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``and shall 
apply, in the case of the procurement of property or services by 
contract, to a contract, and any subcontract at any tier under the 
contract, in effect on that date without regard to the date of award of 
the contract or subcontract.''.
    SEC. 822. USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE SOURCE 
      SELECTION PROCESS.
    (a) Additional Requirements.--Subsection (b) of section 813 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328; 130 Stat 2270; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (5), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
    semicolon;
        (2) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(7) the Department of Defense would realize no, or minimal, 
    additional innovation or future technological advantage by using a 
    different methodology; and
        ``(8) with respect to a contract for procurement of goods, the 
    goods procured are predominantly expendable in nature, 
    nontechnical, or have a short life expectancy or short shelf 
    life.''.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended by 
    striking ``contract exceeding $10,000,000'' and inserting 
    ``contract exceeding $5,000,000''.
        (2) Applicability.--The amendment made by this subsection shall 
    apply with respect to the second, third, and fourth reports 
    submitted under subsection (d) of section 813 of the National 
    Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 
    130 Stat 2271; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note).
    SEC. 823. EXEMPTION FROM DESIGN-BUILD SELECTION PROCEDURES.
    Subsection (d) of section 2305a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking the second and third sentences and inserting the 
following: ``If the contract value exceeds $4,000,000, the maximum 
number specified in the solicitation shall not exceed 5 unless--
        ``(1) the solicitation is issued pursuant to a indefinite 
    delivery-indefinite quantity contract for design-build 
    construction; or
        ``(2)(A) the head of the contracting activity, delegable to a 
    level no lower than the senior contracting official within the 
    contracting activity, approves the contracting officer's 
    justification with respect to an individual solicitation that a 
    maximum number greater than 5 is in the interest of the Federal 
    Government; and
        ``(B) the contracting officer provides written documentation of 
    how a maximum number greater than 5 is consistent with the purposes 
    and objectives of the two-phase selection procedures.''.
    SEC. 824. CONTRACT CLOSEOUT AUTHORITY.
    Section 836(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2286) is amended by 
striking ``entered into prior to fiscal year 2000'' and inserting 
``entered into on a date that is at least 17 fiscal years before the 
current fiscal year''.
    SEC. 825. ELIMINATION OF COST UNDERRUNS AS FACTOR IN CALCULATION OF 
      PENALTIES FOR COST OVERRUNS.
    (a) In General.--Section 828 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``each fiscal year beginning 
    with fiscal year 2015'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 2018 
    through 2022'';
        (2) in subsection (b)--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or underrun'';
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) by striking ``or underruns''; and
                (ii) by striking ``,Technology, and Logistics'' and 
            inserting ``and Sustainment'';
            (C) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by striking ``and cost underruns''; and
                (ii) by striking ``or underruns''; and
            (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``, except that the cost 
        overrun penalty may not be a negative amount'';
        (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections (d) 
    and (e), respectively;
        (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(c) Total Cost Overrun Penalty.--Notwithstanding the amount of a 
cost overrun penalty determined in (b), the total cost overrun penalty 
for a military department (including any cost overrun penalty for joint 
programs of military departments) for a fiscal year may not exceed 
$50,000,000.''; and
        (5) in subsection (d) (as so redesignated)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting ``or 
            procurement'' after ``evaluation'';
                (ii) by striking ``each fiscal year beginning with 
            fiscal year 2015'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 
            2018 through 2022'';
                (iii) by striking ``each research'' and inserting ``the 
            research'';
                (iv) by striking ``evaluation account'' and inserting 
            ``evaluation or procurement accounts''; and
                (v) by striking ``percentage'' and inserting 
            ``amount''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)--
                (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``amount'' 
            and inserting ``amounts'';
                (ii) by striking ``percentage reduction'' and inserting 
            ``reductions'';
                (iii) by striking ``evaluation accounts'' and inserting 
            ``evaluation or procurement accounts'';
                (iv) by striking ``paragraph (1) is the percentage 
            reduction'' and inserting ``paragraph (1) are the 
            reductions''; and
                (v) by inserting ``, when combined,'' after ``equal''.
    (b) Prior Fiscal Years.--The requirements of section 828 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note), as in effect on the day before the date 
of the enactment of this Act, shall continue to apply with respect to 
fiscal years beginning on or before October 1, 2016.
    SEC. 826. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL MEETING REQUIREMENT OF 
      CONFIGURATION STEERING BOARDS.
    Section 814(c)(4) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4529; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting
            ``(A) Annual meeting.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
        (B), the Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) Exception.--If the service acquisition executive of 
        the military department concerned determines, in writing, that 
        there have been no changes to the program requirements of a 
        major defense acquisition program during the preceding year, 
        the Configuration Steering Board for such major defense 
        acquisition program is not required to meet as described in 
        subparagraph (A).''.
    SEC. 827. PILOT PROGRAM ON PAYMENT OF COSTS FOR DENIED GOVERNMENT 
      ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE BID PROTESTS.
    (a) Pilot Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a pilot program to determine the effectiveness of requiring 
contractors to reimburse the Department of Defense for costs incurred 
in processing covered protests.
    (b) Duration.--The pilot program shall--
        (1) begin on the date that is two years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act; and
        (2) end on the date that is five years after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act.
    (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date on which the 
pilot program under subsection (a) ends, the Secretary shall provide a 
report to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate assessing the feasibility of making 
permanent such pilot program.
    (d) Covered Protest Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
protest'' means a bid protest that was--
        (1) denied in an opinion issued by the Government 
    Accountability Office;
        (2) filed by a party with revenues in excess of $250,000,000 
    (based on fiscal year 2017 constant dollars) during the previous 
    year; and
        (3) filed on or after October 1, 2019 and on or before 
    September 30, 2022.

 Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

    SEC. 831. REVISIONS TO DEFINITION OF MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
      PROGRAM.
    Section 2430(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by inserting ``in the case of a 
    program that is not a program for the acquisition of an automated 
    information system (either a product or a service),'' after 
    ``(B)''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``does not include an acquisition program'' 
        and inserting the following: ``does not include--
        ``(A) an acquisition program''; and
            (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting the 
        following: ``; or
        ``(B) an acquisition program for a defense business system (as 
    defined in section 2222(i)(1) of this title) carried out using the 
    acquisition guidance issued pursuant to section 883(e) of the 
    National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
    114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note).''.
    SEC. 832. PROHIBITION ON USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE 
      SOURCE SELECTION PROCESS FOR MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.
    (a) Prohibition.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2441 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2442. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable 
    source selection process
    ``(a) In General.--The Department of Defense shall not use a lowest 
price technically acceptable source selection process for the 
engineering and manufacturing development contract of a major defense 
acquisition program.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) Lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
    process.--The term `lowest price technically acceptable source 
    selection process' has the meaning given that term in part 15 of 
    the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
        ``(2) Major defense acquisition program.--The term `major 
    defense acquisition program' has the meaning given that term in 
    section 2430 of this title.
        ``(3) Engineering and manufacturing development contract.--The 
    term `engineering and manufacturing development contract' means a 
    prime contract for the engineering and manufacturing development of 
    a major defense acquisition program.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 2441 the following new item:

``2442. Prohibition on use of lowest price technically acceptable source 
          selection process.''.

    (b) Applicability.--The requirements of section 2442 of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply to major 
defense acquisition programs for which budgetary authority is requested 
for fiscal year 2019 or a subsequent fiscal year.
    SEC. 833. ROLE OF THE CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCE IN MATERIAL 
      DEVELOPMENT DECISION AND ACQUISITION SYSTEM MILESTONES.
    Section 2547(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(1) The 
    Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Consistent with the performance of duties under subsection 
(a), the Chief of the armed force concerned, or in the case of a joint 
program the chiefs of the armed forces concerned, with respect to major 
defense acquisition programs, shall--
        ``(A) concur with the need for a material solution as 
    identified in the Material Development Decision Review prior to 
    entry into the Material Solution Analysis Phase under Department of 
    Defense Instruction 5000.02;
        ``(B) concur with the cost, schedule, technical feasibility, 
    and performance trade-offs that have been made with regard to the 
    program before Milestone A approval is granted under section 2366a 
    of this title;
        ``(C) concur that appropriate trade-offs among cost, schedule, 
    technical feasibility, and performance objectives have been made to 
    ensure that the program is affordable when considering the per unit 
    cost and the total life-cycle cost before Milestone B approval is 
    granted under section 2366b of this title; and
        ``(D) concur that the requirements in the program capability 
    document are necessary and realistic in relation to program cost 
    and fielding targets as required by paragraph (1) before Milestone 
    C approval is granted.''.
    SEC. 834. REQUIREMENT TO EMPHASIZE RELIABILITY AND MAINTAINABILITY 
      IN WEAPON SYSTEM DESIGN.
    (a) Sustainment Factors in Weapon System Design.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States Code, 
    as amended by section 832, is further amended by adding at the end 
    the following new section:
``Sec. 2443. Sustainment factors in weapon system design
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
defense acquisition system gives ample emphasis to sustainment factors, 
particularly those factors that are affected principally by the design 
of a weapon system, in the development of a weapon system.
    ``(b) Requirements Process.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
reliability and maintainability are included in the performance 
attributes of the key performance parameter on sustainment during the 
development of capabilities requirements.
    ``(c) Solicitation and Award of Contracts.--
        ``(1) Requirement.--The program manager of a weapon system 
    shall include in the solicitation for and terms of a covered 
    contract for the weapon system clearly defined and measurable 
    requirements for engineering activities and design specifications 
    for reliability and maintainability.
        ``(2) Exception.--If the program manager determines that 
    engineering activities and design specifications for reliability or 
    maintainability should not be a requirement in a covered contract 
    or a solicitation for such a contract, the program manager shall 
    document in writing the justification for the decision.
        ``(3) Source selection criteria.--The Secretary shall ensure 
    that sustainment factors, including reliability and 
    maintainability, are given ample emphasis in the process for source 
    selection. The Secretary shall encourage the use of objective 
    reliability and maintainability criteria in the evaluation of 
    competitive proposals.
    ``(d) Contract Performance.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
    Department of Defense uses best practices for responding to the 
    positive or negative performance of a contractor in meeting the 
    sustainment requirements of a covered contract for a weapon system. 
    The Secretary shall encourage the use of incentive fees and 
    penalties as appropriate and authorized in paragraph (2) in all 
    covered contracts for weapons systems.
        ``(2) Authority for incentive fees and penalties.--The 
    Secretary of Defense is authorized to include in any covered 
    contract provisions for the payment of incentive fees to the 
    contractor based on achievement of design specification 
    requirements for reliability and maintainability of weapons systems 
    under the contract, or the imposition of penalties to be paid by 
    the contractor to the Government for failure to achieve such design 
    specification requirements. Information about such fees or 
    penalties shall be included in the solicitation for any covered 
    contract that includes such fees or penalties.
        ``(3) Measurement of reliability and maintainability.--In 
    carrying out paragraph (2), the program manager shall base 
    determinations of a contractor's performance on reliability and 
    maintainability data collected during the program. Such data 
    collection and associated evaluation metrics shall be described in 
    detail in the covered contract. To the maximum extent practicable, 
    such data shall be shared with appropriate contractor and 
    government organizations.
        ``(4) Notification.--The Secretary of Defense shall notify the 
    congressional defense committees upon entering into a covered 
    contract that includes incentive fees or penalties authorized in 
    paragraph (2).
    ``(e) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
contract', with respect to a weapon system, means a contract--
        ``(1) for the engineering and manufacturing development of a 
    weapon system, including embedded software; or
        ``(2) for the production of a weapon system, including embedded 
    software.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of subchapter I of such chapter, as amended by section 832, is 
    further amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2443. Sustainment factors in weapon system design.''.

    (b) Effective Date for Certain Provisions.--Subsections (c) and (d) 
of section 2443 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), shall apply with respect to any covered contract (as defined in 
that section) for which the contract solicitation is issued on or after 
the date occurring one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (c) Engineering Change Authorized.--Subject to the availability of 
appropriations, the Secretary of Defense may fund engineering changes 
to the design of a weapon system in the engineering and manufacturing 
development phase or in the production phase of an acquisition program 
to improve reliability or maintainability of the weapon system and 
reduce projected operating and support costs.
    SEC. 835. LICENSING OF APPROPRIATE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY TO SUPPORT 
      MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.
    (a) Negotiation of Price for Technical Data Before Development or 
Production of Major Weapon System.--
        (1) Requirement.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2438 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2439. Negotiation of price for technical data before development 
    or production of major weapon systems
    ``The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Department of 
Defense, before selecting a contractor for the engineering and 
manufacturing development of a major weapon system, or for the 
production of a major weapon system, negotiates a price for technical 
data to be delivered under a contract for such development or 
production.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 2438 the following new item:

``2439. Negotiation of price for technical data before development or 
          production of major weapon systems.''.

        (3) Effective date.--Section 2439 of title 10, United States 
    Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply with respect to any 
    contract for engineering and manufacturing development of a major 
    weapon system, or for the production of a major weapon system, for 
    which the contract solicitation is issued on or after the date 
    occurring one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Written Determination for Milestone B Approval.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection (a)(3) of section 2366b of title 
    10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (M); and
            (B) by inserting after subparagraph (N) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(O) appropriate actions have been taken to negotiate and 
        enter into a contract or contract options for the technical 
        data required to support the program; and''.
        (2) Effective date.--Section 2366b(a)(3)(O) of title 10, United 
    States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply with respect to 
    any major defense acquisition program receiving Milestone B 
    approval on or after the date occurring one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Preference for Negotiation of Customized License Agreements.--
Section 2320 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections (g) 
    and (h), respectively; and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
    subsection (f):
    ``(f) Preference for Specially Negotiated Licenses.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall, to the maximum extent practicable, negotiate and 
enter into a contract with a contractor for a specially negotiated 
license for technical data to support the product support strategy of a 
major weapon system or subsystem of a major weapon system. In 
performing the assessment and developing the corresponding strategy 
required under subsection (e) for such a system or subsystem, a program 
manager shall consider the use of specially negotiated licenses to 
acquire customized technical data appropriate for the particular 
elements of the product support strategy.''.
    SEC. 836. CODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS PERTAINING TO ASSESSMENT, 
      MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL OF OPERATING AND SUPPORT COSTS FOR MAJOR 
      WEAPON SYSTEMS.
    (a) Codification and Amendment.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2337 the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2337a. Assessment, management, and control of operating and 
     support costs for major weapon systems
    ``(a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue and 
maintain guidance on actions to be taken to assess, manage, and control 
Department of Defense costs for the operation and support of major 
weapon systems.
    ``(b) Elements.--The guidance required by subsection (a) shall, at 
a minimum--
        ``(1) be issued in conjunction with the comprehensive guidance 
    on life-cycle management and the development and implementation of 
    product support strategies for major weapon systems required by 
    section 2337 of this title;
        ``(2) require the military departments to retain each estimate 
    of operating and support costs that is developed at any time during 
    the life cycle of a major weapon system, together with supporting 
    documentation used to develop the estimate;
        ``(3) require the military departments to update estimates of 
    operating and support costs periodically throughout the life cycle 
    of a major weapon system, to determine whether preliminary 
    information and assumptions remain relevant and accurate, and 
    identify and record reasons for variances;
        ``(4) establish policies and procedures for the collection, 
    organization, maintenance, and availability of standardized data on 
    operating and support costs for major weapon systems in accordance 
    with section 2222 of this title;
        ``(5) establish standard requirements for the collection and 
    reporting of data on operating and support costs for major weapon 
    systems by contractors performing weapon system sustainment 
    functions in an appropriate format, and develop contract clauses to 
    ensure that contractors comply with such requirements;
        ``(6) require the military departments--
            ``(A) to collect and retain data from operational and 
        developmental testing and evaluation on the reliability and 
        maintainability of major weapon systems; and
            ``(B) to use such data to inform system design decisions, 
        provide insight into sustainment costs, and inform estimates of 
        operating and support costs for such systems;
        ``(7) require the military departments to ensure that 
    sustainment factors are fully considered at key life-cycle 
    management decision points and that appropriate measures are taken 
    to reduce operating and support costs by influencing system design 
    early in development, developing sound sustainment strategies, and 
    addressing key drivers of costs;
        ``(8) require the military departments to conduct an 
    independent logistics assessment of each major weapon system prior 
    to key acquisition decision points (including milestone decisions) 
    to identify features that are likely to drive future operating and 
    support costs, changes to system design that could reduce such 
    costs, and effective strategies for managing such costs;
        ``(9) include--
            ``(A) reliability metrics for major weapon systems; and
            ``(B) requirements on the use of metrics under subparagraph 
        (A) as triggers--
                ``(i) to conduct further investigation and analysis 
            into drivers of those metrics; and
                ``(ii) to develop strategies for improving reliability, 
            availability, and maintainability of such systems at an 
            affordable cost; and
        ``(10) require the military departments to conduct periodic 
    reviews of operating and support costs of major weapon systems 
    after such systems achieve initial operational capability to 
    identify and address factors resulting in growth in operating and 
    support costs and adapt support strategies to reduce such costs.
    ``(c) Retention of Data on Operating and Support Costs.--
        ``(1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation shall be responsible for developing and maintaining a 
    database on operating and support estimates, supporting 
    documentation, and actual operating and support costs for major 
    weapon systems.
        ``(2) Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
    Director, in carrying out such responsibility--
            ``(A) promptly receives the results of all cost estimates 
        and cost analyses conducted by the military departments with 
        regard to operating and support costs of major weapon systems;
            ``(B) has timely access to any records and data of the 
        military departments (including classified and proprietary 
        information) that the Director considers necessary to carry out 
        such responsibility; and
            ``(C) with the concurrence of the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, may direct the 
        military departments to collect and retain information 
        necessary to support the database.
    ``(d) Major Weapon System Defined.--In this section, the term 
`major weapon system' has the meaning given that term in section 
2379(f) of title 10, United States Code.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 137 of such title is amended by adding after the item 
    relating to section 2337 the following new item:

``2337a. Assessment, management, and control of operating and support 
          costs for major weapon systems.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Section.--
        (1) Repeal.--Section 832 of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) 
    is repealed.
        (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 2441(c) of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by striking ``section 2337 of this title'' 
    and all that follows through the period and inserting ``sections 
    2337 and 2337a of this title.''.
    SEC. 837. SHOULD-COST MANAGEMENT.
    (a) Requirement for Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall amend 
the Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to provide 
for the appropriate use of the should-cost review process of a major 
weapon system in a manner that is transparent, objective, and provides 
for the efficiency of the systems acquisition process in the Department 
of the Defense.
    (b) Required Elements.--The regulations required under subsection 
(a) shall incorporate, at a minimum, the following elements:
        (1) A description of the features of the should-cost review 
    process.
        (2) Establishment of a process for communicating with the prime 
    contractor on the program the elements of a proposed should-cost 
    review.
        (3) A method for ensuring that identified should-cost savings 
    opportunities are based on accurate, complete, and current 
    information and can be quantified and tracked.
        (4) A description of the training, skills, and experience that 
    Department of Defense and contractor officials carrying out a 
    should-cost review in subsection (a) should possess.
        (5) A method for ensuring appropriate collaboration with the 
    contractor throughout the review process.
        (6) Establishment of review process requirements that provide 
    for sufficient analysis and minimize any impact on program 
    schedule.
    SEC. 838. IMPROVEMENTS TO TEST AND EVALUATION PROCESSES AND TOOLS.
    (a) Developmental Test Plan Sufficiency Assessments.--
        (1) Addition to milestone b brief summary report.--Section 
    2366b(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraph (G) as subparagraph (H); 
        and
            (B) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following new 
        subparagraph (G):
            ``(G) An assessment of the sufficiency of developmental 
        test and evaluation plans, including the use of automated data 
        analytics or modeling and simulation tools and 
        methodologies.''.
        (2) Addition to milestone c brief summary report.--Section 
    2366c(a) of such title is amended by inserting after paragraph (3) 
    the following new paragraph:
        ``(4) An assessment of the sufficiency of the developmental 
    test and evaluation completed, including the use of automated data 
    analytics or modeling and simulation tools and methodologies.''.
        (3) Responsibility for conducting assessments.--For purposes of 
    the sufficiency assessments required by section 2366b(c)(1) and 
    section 2366c(a)(4) of such title, as added by paragraphs (1) and 
    (2), with respect to a major defense acquisition program--
            (A) if the milestone decision authority for the program is 
        the service acquisition executive of the military department 
        that is managing the program, the sufficiency assessment shall 
        be conducted by the senior official within the military 
        department with responsibility for developmental testing; and
            (B) if the milestone decision authority for the program is 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
        the sufficiency assessment shall be conducted by the senior 
        Department of Defense official with responsibility for 
        developmental testing.
        (4) Guidance required.--Within one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the senior Department of Defense official 
    with responsibility for developmental testing shall develop 
    guidance for the sufficiency assessments required by section 
    2366b(c)(1) and section 2366c(a)(4) of title 10, United States 
    Code, as added by paragraphs (1) and (2). At a minimum, the 
    guidance shall require--
            (A) for the sufficiency assessment required by section 
        2366b(c)(1) of such title, that the assessment address the 
        sufficiency of--
                (i) the developmental test and evaluation plan;
                (ii) the developmental test and evaluation schedule, 
            including a comparison to historic analogous systems;
                (iii) the developmental test and evaluation resources 
            (facilities, personnel, test assets, data analytics tools, 
            and modeling and simulation capabilities);
                (iv) the risks of developmental test and production 
            concurrency; and
                (v) the developmental test criteria for entering the 
            production phase; and
            (B) for the sufficiency assessment required by section 
        2366c(a)(4) of such title, that the assessment address--
                (i) the sufficiency of the developmental test and 
            evaluation completed;
                (ii) the sufficiency of the plans and resources 
            available for remaining developmental test and evaluation;
                (iii) the risks identified during developmental testing 
            to the production and deployment phase;
                (iv) the sufficiency of the plans and resources for 
            remaining developmental test and evaluation; and
                (v) the readiness of the system to perform scheduled 
            initial operational test and evaluation.
    (b) Evaluation of Department of Defense Need for Centralized Tools 
for Developmental Test and Evaluation.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
evaluate the strategy of the Department of Defense for developing and 
expanding the use of tools designed to facilitate the cost 
effectiveness and efficiency of developmental testing, including 
automated test methods and tools, modeling and simulation tools, and 
data analytics technologies. The evaluation shall include a 
determination of the appropriate role of the senior Department of 
Defense official with responsibility for developmental testing in 
developing enterprise level strategies related to such types of testing 
tools.
    SEC. 839. ENHANCEMENTS TO TRANSPARENCY IN TEST AND EVALUATION 
      PROCESSES AND DATA.
    (a) Additional Test and Evaluation Duties of Military Secretaries 
and Defense Agency Heads.--
        (1) Report on comparison of operational test and evaluation 
    results to legacy items or components.--Concurrent with the 
    submission of a report required under section 2399(b)(2) of title 
    10, United States Code, the Secretary of a military department or 
    the head of a Defense Agency may provide to the congressional 
    defense committees and the Secretary of Defense a report describing 
    of the performance of the items or components evaluated as part of 
    the operational test and evaluation for each major defense 
    acquisition program conducted under such section by the Director of 
    Operational Test and Evaluation in relation to comparable legacy 
    items or components, if such items or components exist and relevant 
    data are available without requiring additional testing.
        (2) Additional report on operational test and evaluation 
    activities.--Within 45 days after the submission of an annual 
    report required by section 139(h) of title 10, United States Code, 
    the Secretaries of the military departments may each submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report addressing any concerns 
    related to information included in the annual report, or providing 
    updated or additional information, as appropriate.
    (b) Requirements for Collection of Cost Data on Test and 
Evaluation.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act and subject to paragraph (2), the Director of 
    Operational Test and Evaluation, the senior official of the 
    Department of Defense with responsibility for developmental 
    testing, and the Director of the Test Resource Management Center 
    shall jointly develop policies, procedures, guidance, and a method 
    to collect data that ensures that consistent and high quality data 
    are collected on the full range of estimated and actual 
    developmental, live fire, and operational testing costs for major 
    defense acquisition programs.
        (2) Concurrence and coordination required.--Before implementing 
    the policies, procedures, guidance, and method developed under 
    paragraph (1), the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the 
    senior official of the Department of Defense with responsibility 
    for developmental testing, and the Director of the Test Resource 
    Management Center shall--
            (A) obtain the concurrence of the Director for Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation; and
            (B) coordinate with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments.
        (3) Data requirements.--
            (A) Electronic database.--Data on estimated and actual 
        developmental, live fire, and operational testing costs shall 
        be maintained in an electronic database maintained by the 
        Director for Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation or another 
        appropriate official of the Department of Defense, and shall be 
        made available for analysis by testing, acquisition, and other 
        appropriate officials of the Department of Defense, as 
        determined by the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, 
        the senior official of the Department of Defense with 
        responsibility for developmental testing, or the Director of 
        the Test Resource Management Center.
            (B) Diaggregation by costs.--To the maximum extent 
        practicable, data collected under this subsection shall be set 
        forth separately by costs for developmental testing, 
        operational testing, and training.
    (c) Major Defense Acquisition Program Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``major defense acquisition program'' has the meaning provided 
in section 2430 of title 10, United States Code.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

    SEC. 841. ENHANCEMENTS TO THE CIVILIAN PROGRAM MANAGEMENT 
      WORKFORCE.
    (a) Establishment of Program Manager Development Program.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
    the Secretaries of the military departments, shall implement a 
    program manager development program to provide for the professional 
    development of high-potential, experienced civilian personnel. 
    Personnel shall be competitively selected for the program based on 
    their potential to become a program manager of a major defense 
    acquisition program, as defined in section 2430 of title 10, United 
    States Code. The program shall be administered and overseen by the 
    Secretary of each military department, acting through the service 
    acquisition executive for the department concerned.
        (2) Plan required.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
    to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a comprehensive plan to implement the program 
    established under paragraph (1). In developing the plan, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall seek the input of relevant external 
    parties, including professional associations, other government 
    entities, and industry. The plan shall include the following 
    elements:
            (A) An assessment of the minimum level of subject matter 
        experience, education, years of experience, certifications, and 
        other qualifications required to be selected into the program, 
        set forth separately for current Department of Defense 
        employees and for personnel hired into the program from outside 
        the Department of Defense.
            (B) A description of hiring flexibilities to be used to 
        recruit qualified personnel from outside the Department of 
        Defense.
            (C) A description of the extent to which mobility 
        agreements will be required to be signed by personnel selected 
        for the program during their participation in the program and 
        after their completion of the program. The use of mobility 
        agreements shall be applied to help maximize the flexibility of 
        the Department of Defense in assigning personnel, while not 
        inhibiting the participation of the most capable candidates.
            (D) A description of the tenure obligation required of 
        personnel selected for the program.
            (E) A plan for training during the course of the program, 
        including training in leadership, program management, 
        engineering, finance and budgeting, market research, business 
        acumen, contracting, supplier management, requirement setting 
        and tradeoffs, intellectual property matters, and software.
            (F) A description of career paths to be followed by 
        personnel in the program in order to ensure that personnel in 
        the program gain expertise in the program management functional 
        career field competencies identified by the Department in 
        existing guidance and the topics listed in subparagraph (E), 
        including--
                (i) a determination of the types of advanced 
            educational degrees that enhance program management skills 
            and the mechanisms available to the Department of Defense 
            to facilitate the attainment of those degrees by personnel 
            in the program;
                (ii) a determination of required assignments to 
            positions within acquisition programs, including position 
            type and acquisition category of the program office;
                (iii) a determination of required or encouraged 
            rotations to career broadening positions outside of 
            acquisition programs; and
                (iv) a determination of how the program will ensure the 
            opportunity for a required rotation to industry of at least 
            six months to develop an understanding of industry 
            motivation and business acumen, such as by developing an 
            industry exchange program for civilian program managers, 
            similar to the Corporate Fellows Program of the Secretary 
            of Defense.
            (G) A general description of the number of personnel 
        anticipated to be selected into the program, how frequently 
        selections will occur, how long personnel selected into the 
        program will participate in the program, and how personnel will 
        be placed into an assignment at the completion of the program.
            (H) A description of benefits that will be offered under 
        the program using existing human capital flexibilities to 
        retain qualified employees, such as student loan repayments, 
        bonuses, or pay banding.
            (I) An assessment of personnel flexibilities needed to 
        allow the military departments and the Defense Agencies to 
        reassign or remove program managers that do not perform 
        effectively.
            (J) A description of how the program will be administered 
        and overseen by the Secretaries of each military department, 
        acting through the service acquisition executive for the 
        department concerned.
            (K) A description of how the program will be integrated 
        with existing program manager development efforts at each 
        military department.
        (3) Use of defense acquisition workforce development fund.--
    Amounts in the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
    Development Fund (established under section 1705 of title 10, 
    United States Code) may be used to pay the base salary of personnel 
    in the program established under paragraph (1) during the period of 
    time such personnel are temporarily assigned to a developmental 
    rotation or training program anticipated to last at least six 
    months.
        (4) Implementation.--The program established under paragraph 
    (1) shall be implemented not later than September 30, 2019.
    (b) Independent Study of Incentives for Program Managers.--
        (1) Requirement for study.--Not later than 30 days after the 
    date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    enter into a contract with an independent research entity described 
    in paragraph (2) to carry out a comprehensive study of incentives 
    for Department of Defense civilian and military program managers 
    for major defense acquisition programs, including--
            (A) additional pay options for program managers to provide 
        incentives to senior civilian employees and military officers 
        to accept and remain in program manager roles;
            (B) a financial incentive structure to reward program 
        managers for delivering capabilities on budget and on time; and
            (C) a comparison between financial and non-financial 
        incentive structures for program managers in the Department of 
        Defense and an appropriate comparison group of private industry 
        companies.
        (2) Independent research entity.--The entity described in this 
    subsection is an independent research entity that is a not-for-
    profit entity or a federally funded research and development center 
    with appropriate expertise and analytical capability.
        (3) Reports.--
            (A) To secretary.--Not later than nine months after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the independent research 
        entity shall provide to the Secretary a report containing--
                (i) the results of the study required by paragraph (1); 
            and
                (ii) such recommendations to improve the financial 
            incentive structure of program managers for major defense 
            acquisition programs as the independent research entity 
            considers to be appropriate.
            (B) To congress.--Not later than 30 days after receipt of 
        the report under subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit such report, together with any additional views or 
        recommendations of the Secretary, to the congressional defense 
        committees.
    SEC. 842. CREDITS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE 
      DEVELOPMENT FUND.
    Section 1705(d)(2)(D) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
to read as follows:
        ``(D) The Secretary of Defense may adjust the amount specified 
    in subparagraph (C) for a fiscal year if the Secretary determines 
    that the amount is greater or less than reasonably needed for 
    purposes of the Fund for such fiscal year. The Secretary may not 
    adjust the amount for a fiscal year to an amount that is more than 
    $600,000,000 or less than $400,000,000.''.
    SEC. 843. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE HIRING AND TRAINING OF THE 
      ACQUISITION WORKFORCE.
    (a) Use of Funds From the Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
Fund to Pay Salaries of Personnel to Manage the Fund.--
        (1) In general.--Subsection 1705(e) of title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``Subject to the 
            provisions of this subsection''; and
                (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
        ``(B) Amounts in the Fund also may be used to pay salaries of 
    personnel at the Office of the Secretary of Defense, military 
    departments, and Defense Agencies to manage the Fund.''; and
            (B) in paragraph (3)--
                (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (C);
                (ii) by striking the period and inserting ``; and'' at 
            the end of subparagraph (D); and
                (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraph:
            ``(E) describing the amount from the Fund that may be used 
        to pay salaries of personnel at the Office of the Secretary of 
        Defense, military departments, and Defense Agencies to manage 
        the Fund and the circumstances under which such amounts may be 
        used for such purpose.''.
        (2) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue, and 
    submit to the congressional defense committees, the policy guidance 
    required by subparagraph (E) of section 1705(e)(3) of title 10, 
    United States Code, as added by paragraph (1).
    (b) Comptroller General Review of Effectiveness of Hiring and 
Retention Flexibilities for Acquisition Workforce Personnel.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the Comptroller 
    General of the United States shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report on the effectiveness of hiring and 
    retention flexibilities for the acquisition workforce.
        (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall include 
    the following:
            (A) A determination of the extent to which the Department 
        of Defense experiences challenges with recruitment and 
        retention of the acquisition workforce, such as post-employment 
        restrictions.
            (B) A description of the hiring and retention flexibilities 
        available to the Department to fill civilian acquisition 
        positions and the extent to which the Department has used the 
        flexibilities available to it to target critical or 
        understaffed career fields.
            (C) A determination of the extent to which the Department 
        has the necessary data and metrics on its use of hiring and 
        retention flexibilities for the civilian acquisition workforce 
        to strategically manage the use of such flexibilities.
            (D) An identification of the factors that affect the use of 
        hiring and retention flexibilities for the civilian acquisition 
        workforce.
            (E) Recommendations for any necessary changes to the hiring 
        and retention flexibilities available to the Department to fill 
        civilian acquisition positions.
            (F) A description of the flexibilities available to the 
        Department to remove underperforming members of the acquisition 
        workforce and the extent to which any such flexibilities are 
        used.
    (c) Assessment and Report Required on Business-related Training for 
the Acquisition Workforce.--
        (1) Assessment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
    and Sustainment shall conduct an assessment of the following:
            (A) The effectiveness of industry certifications, other 
        industry training programs, including fellowships, and training 
        and education programs at educational institutions outside of 
        the Defense Acquisition University available to defense 
        acquisition workforce personnel.
            (B) Gaps in knowledge of industry operations, industry 
        motivation, and business acumen in the acquisition workforce.
        (2) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2018, the Under 
    Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
    results of the assessment conducted under this subsection.
        (3) Elements.--The assessment and report under paragraphs (1) 
    and (2) shall address the following:
            (A) Current sources of training and career development 
        opportunities, industry rotations, and other career development 
        opportunities related to knowledge of industry operations, 
        industry motivation, and business acumen for each acquisition 
        position, as designated under section 1721 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (B) Gaps in training, industry rotations, and other career 
        development opportunities related to knowledge of industry 
        operations, industry motivation, and business acumen for each 
        such acquisition position.
            (C) Plans to address those gaps for each such acquisition 
        position.
            (D) Consideration of the role industry-taught classes and 
        classes taught at educational institutions outside of the 
        Defense Acquisition University could play in addressing gaps.
    (d) Comptroller General Review of Acquisition Training for Non-
acquisition Workforce Personnel.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the Comptroller 
    General of the United States shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report on acquisition-related training for 
    personnel working on acquisitions but not considered to be part of 
    the acquisition workforce (as defined in section 101(18) of title 
    10, United States Code) (hereafter in this subsection referred to 
    as ``non-acquisition workforce personnel'').
        (2) Elements.--The report shall address the following:
            (A) The extent to which non-acquisition workforce personnel 
        play a significant role in defining requirements, conducting 
        market research, participating in source selection and contract 
        negotiation efforts, and overseeing contract performance.
            (B) The extent to which the Department is able to identify 
        and track non-acquisition workforce personnel performing the 
        roles identified in subparagraph (A).
            (C) The extent to which non-acquisition workforce personnel 
        are taking acquisition training.
            (D) The extent to which the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
        Development Fund has been used to provide acquisition training 
        to non-acquisition workforce personnel.
            (E) A description of sources of funding other than the Fund 
        that are available to and used by the Department to provide 
        non-acquisition workforce personnel with acquisition training.
            (F) The extent to which additional acquisition training is 
        needed for non-acquisition workforce personnel, including the 
        types of training needed, the positions that need the training, 
        and any challenges to delivering necessary additional training.
    SEC. 844. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATIONS TO ACQUISITION DEMONSTRATION 
      PROJECT.
    (a) Extension.--Section 1762(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2023''.
    (b) Increase in Limit on Number of Participants.--Section 1762(c) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``the 
demonstration project under this section may not exceed 120,000'' and 
inserting ``at any one time the demonstration project under this 
section may not exceed 130,000''.
    (c) Implementation Strategy for Improvements in Acquisition 
Demonstration Project.--
        (1) Strategy required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
    an implementation strategy to address areas for improvement in the 
    demonstration project required by section 1762 of title 10, United 
    States Code, as identified in the second assessment of such 
    demonstration project required by section 1762(e) of such title.
        (2) Elements.--The strategy shall include the following 
    elements:
            (A) Actions that have been or will be taken to assess 
        whether the flexibility to set starting salaries at different 
        levels is being used appropriately by supervisors and managers 
        to compete effectively for highly skilled and motivated 
        employees.
            (B) Actions that have been or will be taken to assess 
        reasons for any disparities in career outcomes across race and 
        gender for employees in the demonstration project.
            (C) Actions that have been or will be taken to strengthen 
        the link between employee contribution and compensation for 
        employees in the demonstration project.
            (D) Actions that have been or will be taken to enhance the 
        transparency of the pay system for employees in the 
        demonstration project.
            (E) A time frame and individual responsible for each action 
        identified under subparagraphs (A) through (D).
        (3) Briefing required.--Not later than one year after the date 
    of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
    provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
    Senate and House of Representatives and the Committee on Oversight 
    and Government Reform of the House of Representatives on the 
    implementation strategy required by paragraph (1).

          Subtitle E--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

    SEC. 846. PROCUREMENT THROUGH COMMERCIAL E-COMMERCE PORTALS.
    (a) Establishment of Program.--The Administrator shall establish a 
program to procure commercial products through commercial e-commerce 
portals for purposes of enhancing competition, expediting procurement, 
enabling market research, and ensuring reasonable pricing of commercial 
products. The Administrator shall carry out the program in accordance 
with this section, through multiple contracts with multiple commercial 
e-commerce portal providers, and shall design the program to be 
implemented in phases with the objective of enabling Government-wide 
use of such portals.
    (b) Use of Program.--The head of a department or agency may 
procure, as appropriate, commercial products for the department or 
agency using the program established pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Implementation and Reporting Requirements.--The Director of the 
Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Administrator 
and the heads of other relevant departments and agencies, shall carry 
out the implementation phases set forth in, and submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees the items of information required 
by, the following paragraphs:
        (1) Phase i: implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, an implementation plan and 
    schedule for carrying out the program established pursuant to 
    subsection (a), including a discussion and recommendations 
    regarding whether any changes to, or exemptions from, laws that set 
    forth policies, procedures, requirements, or restrictions for the 
    procurement of property or services by the Federal Government are 
    necessary for effective implementation of this section.
        (2) Phase ii: market analysis and consultation.--Not later than 
    one year after the date of the submission of the implementation 
    plan and schedule required under paragraph (1), recommendations for 
    any changes to, or exemptions from, laws necessary for effective 
    implementation of this section, and information on the results of 
    the following actions:
            (A) Market analysis and initial communications with 
        potential commercial e-commerce portal providers on technical 
        considerations of how the portals function (including the use 
        of standard terms and conditions of the portals by the 
        Government), the degree of customization that can occur without 
        creating a Government-unique portal, the measures necessary to 
        address the considerations for supplier and product screening 
        specified in subsection (e), security of data, considerations 
        pertaining to nontraditional Government contractors, and 
        potential fees, if any, to be charged by the Administrator, the 
        portal provider, or the suppliers for participation in the 
        program established pursuant to subsection (a).
            (B) Consultation with affected departments and agencies 
        about their unique procurement needs, such as supply chain 
        risks for health care products, information technology, 
        software, or any other category determined necessary by the 
        Administrator.
            (C) An assessment of the products or product categories 
        that are suitable for purchase on the commercial e-commerce 
        portals.
            (D) An assessment of the precautions necessary to safeguard 
        any information pertaining to the Federal Government, 
        especially precautions necessary to protect against national 
        security or cybersecurity threats.
            (E) A review of standard terms and conditions of commercial 
        e-commerce portals in the context of Government requirements.
            (F) An assessment of the impact on existing programs, 
        including schedules, set-asides for small business concerns, 
        and other preference programs.
        (3) Phase iii: program implementation guidance.--Not later than 
    two years after the date of the submission of the implementation 
    plan and schedule required under paragraph (1), guidance to 
    implement and govern the use of the program established pursuant to 
    subsection (a), including protocols for oversight of procurement 
    through the program, and compliance with laws pertaining to 
    supplier and product screening requirements, data security, and 
    data analytics.
        (4) Additional implementation phases.--A description of 
    additional implementation phases, as determined by the 
    Administrator, that includes a selection of agencies to participate 
    in any such additional implementation phase (which may include the 
    award of contracts to multiple commercial e-commerce portal 
    providers).
    (d) Considerations for Commercial e-commerce Portals.--The 
Administrator shall consider commercial e-commerce portals for use 
under the program established pursuant to subsection (a) that are 
widely used in the private sector and have or can be configured to have 
features that facilitate the execution of program objectives, including 
features related to supplier and product selection that are frequently 
updated, an assortment of product and supplier reviews, invoicing 
payment, and customer service.
    (e) Information on Suppliers, Products, and Purchases.--
        (1) Supplier participation and product screening.--The 
    Administrator shall provide or ensure electronic availability to a 
    commercial e-commerce portal provider awarded a contract pursuant 
    to subsection (a) on a periodic basis information necessary to 
    ensure compliance with laws pertaining to supplier and product 
    screening as identified during implementation phase III, as 
    described in subsection (c)(3).
        (2) Provision of order information.--The Administrator shall 
    require each commercial e-commerce portal provider awarded a 
    contract pursuant to subsection (a) to provide order information as 
    determined by the Administrator during implementation phase II, as 
    described in subsection (c)(2).
    (f) Relationship to Other Provisions of Law.--
        (1) All laws, including laws that set forth policies, 
    procedures, requirements, or restrictions for the procurement of 
    property or services by the Federal Government, apply to the 
    program established pursuant to subsection (a) unless otherwise 
    provided in this section.
        (2) A procurement of a product made through a commercial e-
    commerce portal under the program established pursuant to 
    subsection (a) is deemed to be an award of a prime contract for 
    purposes of the goals established under section 15(g) of the Small 
    Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)), if the purchase is from a supplier 
    that is a small business concern.
        (3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting the 
    authority of a department or agency to restrict competition to 
    small business concerns.
        (4) Nothing in this section shall be construed as limiting the 
    applicability of section 1341 of title 31, United States Code 
    (popularly referred to as the Anti-Deficiency Act).
    (g) Use of Commercial Practices and Standard Terms and 
Conditions.--A procurement of a product through a commercial e-commerce 
portal used under the program established pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall be made, to the maximum extent practicable, under the standard 
terms and conditions of the portal relating to purchasing on the 
portal.
    (h) Disclosure, Protection, and Use of Information.--In any 
contract awarded to a commercial e-commerce portal provider pursuant to 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall require that the provider--
        (1) agree not to sell or otherwise make available to any third 
    party any information pertaining to a product ordered by the 
    Federal Government through the commercial e-commerce portal in a 
    manner that identifies the Federal Government, or any of its 
    departments or agencies, as the purchaser, except if the 
    information is needed to process or deliver an order or the 
    Administrator provides written consent;
        (2) agree to take the necessary precautions to safeguard any 
    information pertaining to the Federal Government, especially 
    precautions necessary to protect against national security or 
    cybersecurity threats; and
        (3) agree not to use, for pricing, marketing, competitive, or 
    other purposes, any information related to a product from a third-
    party supplier featured on the commercial e-commerce portal or the 
    transaction of such a product, except as necessary to comply with 
    the requirements of the program established pursuant to subsection 
    (a).
    (i) Simplified Acquisition Threshold.--A procurement through a 
commercial e-commerce portal used under the program established 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall not exceed the simplified acquisition 
threshold in section 134 of title 41, United States Code.
    (j) Comptroller General Assessments.--
        (1) Assessment of implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days 
    after the Director of the Office of Management and Budget submits 
    the implementation plan described in subsection (c)(1) to the 
    appropriate congressional committees, the Comptroller General of 
    the United States shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
    committees an assessment of the plan, including any other matters 
    the Comptroller General considers relevant to the plan.
        (2) Assessment of program implementation.--Not later than three 
    years after the first contract with a commercial e-commerce portal 
    provider is awarded pursuant to subsection (a), the Comptroller 
    General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate 
    congressional committees a report on the challenges and benefits 
    the General Services Administration and participating departments 
    and agencies observe regarding implementation of the program 
    established pursuant to subsection (a). The report shall include 
    the following elements:
            (A) A description of the acquisition of the commercial e-
        commerce portals (including the extent to which the portals had 
        to be configured or otherwise modified to meet the needs of the 
        program) costs, and the implementation schedule.
            (B) A description of participation by suppliers, with 
        particular attention to those described under subsection (e), 
        that have registered or that have sold goods with at least one 
        commercial e-commerce portal provider, including numbers, 
        categories, and trends.
            (C) The effect, if any, of the program on the ability of 
        agencies to meet goals established for suppliers and products 
        described under subsection (e), including goals established 
        under section 15(g) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
        644(g)).
            (D) A discussion of the limitations, if any, to 
        participation by suppliers in the program.
            (E) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
        relevant to report.
    (k) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
    Administrator of General Services.
        (2) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
    ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
            (A) The Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        House of Representatives.
            (B) The Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Oversight and 
        Government Reform of the House of Representatives.
            (C) The Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of 
        the Senate and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
        Representatives.
        (3) Commercial e-commerce portal.--The term ``commercial e-
    commerce portal'' means a commercial solution providing for the 
    purchase of commercial products aggregated, distributed, sold, or 
    manufactured via an online portal. The term does not include an 
    online portal managed by the Government for, or predominantly for 
    use by, Government agencies.
        (4) Commercial product.--The term ``commercial product'' means 
    a commercially available off-the-shelf item, as defined in section 
    104 of title 41, United States Code, except the term does not 
    include services.
        (5) Small business concern.--The term ``small business 
    concern'' has the meaning given such term under section 3 of the 
    Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
    SEC. 847. REVISION TO DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM.
    (a) In General.--Section 103(8) of title 41, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``or 
to multiple foreign governments''.
    (b) Effect on Section 2464 of Title 10.--Nothing in the amendment 
made by subsection (a) shall affect the meaning of the term 
``commercial item'' for purposes of subsection (a)(5) of section 2464 
of title 10, United States Code, or any requirement under subsection 
(a)(3) or subsection (c) of such section.
    SEC. 848. COMMERCIAL ITEM DETERMINATIONS.
    Section 2380 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(a) In 
    General.--The Secretary''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Items Previously Acquired Using Commercial Item Acquisition 
Procedures.--
        ``(1) Determinations.--A contract for an item acquired using 
    commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation shall serve as a prior commercial item 
    determination with respect to such item for purposes of this 
    chapter unless the senior procurement executive of the military 
    department or the Department of Defense as designated for purposes 
    of section 1702(c) of title 41 determines in writing that it is no 
    longer appropriate to acquire the item using commercial item 
    acquisition procedures.
        ``(2) Limitation.--(A) Except as provided under subparagraph 
    (B), funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the 
    Department of Defense may not be used for the procurement under 
    part 15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation of an item that was 
    previously acquired under a contract using commercial item 
    acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulation.
        ``(B) The limitation under subparagraph (A) does not apply to 
    the procurement of an item that was previously acquired using 
    commercial item acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation following--
            ``(i) a written determination by the head of contracting 
        activity pursuant to section 2306a(b)(4)(B) of this title that 
        the use of such procedures was improper; or
            ``(ii) a written determination by the senior procurement 
        executive of the military department or the Department of 
        Defense as designated for purposes of section 1702(c) of title 
        41 that it is no longer appropriate to acquire the item using 
        such procedures.''.
    SEC. 849. REVIEW OF REGULATIONS ON COMMERCIAL ITEMS.
    (a) Review of Determinations Not to Exempt Department of Defense 
Contracts for Commercial Items and Commercially Available Off-the-shelf 
Items From Certain Laws and Regulations.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) review each determination of the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulatory Council pursuant to section 1906(b)(2), section 
    1906(c)(3), or section 1907(a)(2) of title 41, United States Code, 
    not to exempt contracts and subcontracts described in subsection 
    (a) of section 2375 of title 10, United States Code, from laws such 
    contracts and subcontracts would otherwise be exempt from under 
    section 1906(d) of title 41, United States Code; and
        (2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense Supplement 
    to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to provide an exemption from 
    each law subject to such determination unless the Secretary 
    determines there is a specific reason not to provide the exemption.
    (b) Review of Certain Contract Clause Requirements Applicable to 
Commercial Item Contracts.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) review the Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation to assess all regulations that require a 
    specific contract clause for a contract using commercial item 
    acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition 
    Regulation, except for regulations required by law or Executive 
    order; and
        (2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense Supplement 
    to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to eliminate regulations 
    reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary determines on a 
    case-by-case basis that there is a specific reason not to eliminate 
    the regulation.
    (c) Elimination of Certain Contract Clause Regulations Applicable 
to Commercially Available Off-the-shelf Item Subcontracts.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) review the Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal 
    Acquisition Regulation to assess all regulations that require a 
    prime contractor to include a specific contract clause in a 
    subcontract for commercially available off-the-shelf items unless 
    the inclusion of such clause is required by law or Executive order; 
    and
        (2) propose revisions to the Department of Defense Supplement 
    to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to eliminate regulations 
    reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary determines on a 
    case-by-case basis that there is a specific reason not to eliminate 
    the regulation.
    SEC. 850. TRAINING IN COMMERCIAL ITEMS PROCUREMENT.
    (a) Training.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall establish a comprehensive training program on part 12 
of the Federal Acquisition Regulation. The training shall cover, at a 
minimum, the following topics:
        (1) The origin of part 12 and the congressional mandate to 
    prefer commercial procurements.
        (2) The definition of a commercial item, with a particular 
    focus on the ``of a type'' concept.
        (3) Price analysis and negotiations.
        (4) Market research and analysis.
        (5) Independent cost estimates.
        (6) Parametric estimating methods.
        (7) Value analysis.
        (8) Best practices in pricing from commercial sector 
    organizations, foreign government organizations, and other Federal, 
    State, and local public sectors organizations.
        (9) Other topics on commercial procurements necessary to ensure 
    a well-educated acquisition workforce.
    (b) Enrollments Goals.--The President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall set goals for student enrollment for the comprehensive 
training program established under subsection (a).
    (c) Supporting Activities.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
support of the achievement of the goals of this section--
        (1) engage academic experts on research topics of interest to 
    improve commercial item identification and pricing methodologies; 
    and
        (2) facilitate exchange and interface opportunities between 
    government personnel to increase awareness of best practices and 
    challenges in commercial item identification and pricing.
    (d) Funding.--The Secretary of Defense shall use amounts available 
in the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
established under section 1705 of title 10, United States Code, to fund 
the comprehensive training program established under subsection (a).

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Services Contracting

    SEC. 851. IMPROVEMENT OF PLANNING FOR ACQUISITION OF SERVICES.
    (a) In General.--
        (1) Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.--
    Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    inserting after section 2328 the following new section:
``Sec. 2329. Procurement of services: data analysis and requirements 
    validation
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
        ``(1) appropriate and sufficiently detailed data are collected 
    and analyzed to support the validation of requirements for services 
    contracts and inform the planning, programming, budgeting, and 
    execution process of the Department of Defense;
        ``(2) requirements for services contracts are evaluated 
    appropriately and in a timely manner to inform decisions regarding 
    the procurement of services; and
        ``(3) decisions regarding the procurement of services consider 
    available resources and total force management policies and 
    procedures.
    ``(b) Specification of Amounts Requested in Budget.--Effective 
October 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall annually submit to 
Congress information on services contracts that clearly and separately 
identifies the amount requested for each category of services to be 
procured for each Defense Agency, Department of Defense Field Activity, 
command, or military installation. Such information shall--
        ``(1) be submitted at or about the time of the budget 
    submission by the President under section 1105(a) of title 31;
        ``(2) cover the fiscal year covered by such budget submission 
    by the President;
        ``(3) be consistent with total amounts of estimated 
    expenditures and proposed appropriations necessary to support the 
    programs, projects, and activities of the Department of Defense 
    included in such budget submission by the President for that fiscal 
    year; and
        ``(4) be organized using a common enterprise data structure 
    developed under section 2222 of this title.
    ``(c) Data Analysis.--(1) Each Secretary of a military department 
shall regularly analyze past spending patterns and anticipated future 
requirements with respect to the procurement of services within such 
military department.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall regularly analyze past 
spending patterns and anticipated future requirements with respect to 
the procurement of services--
        ``(i) within each Defense Agency and Department of Defense 
    Field Activity; and
        ``(ii) across military departments, Defense Agencies, and 
    Department of Defense Field Activities.
    ``(B) The Secretaries of the military departments shall make data 
on services contracts available to the Secretary of Defense for 
purposes of conducting the analysis required under subparagraph (A).
    ``(3) The analyses conducted under this subsection shall--
        ``(A) identify contracts for similar services that are procured 
    for three or more consecutive years at each Defense Agency, 
    Department of Defense Field Activity, command, or military 
    installation;
        ``(B) evaluate patterns in the procurement of services, to the 
    extent practicable, at each Defense Agency, Department of Defense 
    Field Activity, command, or military installation and by category 
    of services procured;
        ``(C) be used to validate requirements for services contracts 
    entered into after the date of the enactment of this subsection; 
    and
        ``(D) be used to inform decisions on the award of and funding 
    for such services contracts.
    ``(d) Requirements Evaluation.--Each Services Requirements Review 
Board shall evaluate each requirement for a services contract, taking 
into consideration total force management policies and procedures, 
available resources, the analyses conducted under subsection (c), and 
contracting efficacy and efficiency. An evaluation of a services 
contract for compliance with contracting policies and procedures may 
not be considered to be an evaluation of a requirement for such 
services contract.
    ``(e) Timely Planning to Avoid Bridge Contracts.--(1) Effective 
October 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a 
requirements owner shall, to the extent practicable, plan appropriately 
before the date of need of a service at a Defense Agency, Department of 
Defense Field Activity, command, or military installation to avoid the 
use of a bridge contract to provide for continuation of a service to be 
performed through a services contract. Such planning shall include 
allowing time for a requirement to be validated, a services contract to 
be entered into, and funding for the services contract to be secured.
    ``(2)(A) Upon the first use, due to inadequate planning (as 
determined by the Secretary of Defense), of a bridge contract to 
provide for continuation of a service to be performed through a 
services contract, the requirements owner, along with the contracting 
officer or a designee of the contracting officer for the contract, 
shall--
        ``(i) for a services contract in an amount less than 
    $10,000,000, provide an update on the status of the bridge contract 
    (including the rationale for using the bridge contract) to the 
    commander or the senior civilian official of the Defense Agency 
    concerned, Department of Defense Field Activity concerned, command 
    concerned, or military installation concerned, as applicable; or
        ``(ii) for a services contract in an amount equal to or greater 
    than $10,000,000, provide an update on the status of the bridge 
    contract (including the rationale for using the bridge contract) to 
    the service acquisition executive for the military department 
    concerned, the head of the Defense Agency concerned, the combatant 
    commander concerned, or the Under Secretary of Defense for 
    Acquisition and Sustainment, as applicable.
    ``(B) Upon the second use, due to inadequate planning (as 
determined by the Secretary of Defense), of a bridge contract to 
provide for continuation of a service to be performed through a 
services contract in an amount less than $10,000,000, the commander or 
senior civilian official referred to in subparagraph (A)(i) shall 
provide notification of such second use to the Vice Chief of Staff of 
the armed force concerned and the service acquisition executive of the 
military department concerned, the head of the Defense Agency 
concerned, the combatant commander concerned, or the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, as applicable.
    ``(f) Exception.--Except with respect to the analyses required 
under subsection (c), this section shall not apply to--
        ``(1) services contracts in support of contingency operations, 
    humanitarian assistance, or disaster relief;
        ``(2) services contracts in support of a national security 
    emergency declared with respect to a named operation; or
        ``(3) services contracts entered into pursuant to an 
    international agreement.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
        ``(1) The term `bridge contact' means--
            ``(A) an extension to an existing contract beyond the 
        period of performance to avoid a lapse in service caused by a 
        delay in awarding a subsequent contract; or
            ``(B) a new short-term contract awarded on a sole-source 
        basis to avoid a lapse in service caused by a delay in awarding 
        a subsequent contract.
        ``(2) The term `requirements owner' means a member of the armed 
    forces (other than the Coast Guard) or a civilian employee of the 
    Department of Defense responsible for a requirement for a service 
    to be performed through a services contract.
        ``(3) The term `Services Requirements Review Board' has the 
    meaning given in Department of Defense Instruction 5000.74, titled 
    `Defense Acquisition of Services' and dated January 5, 2016, or a 
    successor instruction.''
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 2328 the following new item:

``2329. Procurement of services: data analysis and requirements 
          validation.''.
    SEC. 852. STANDARD GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR 
      SERVICES CONTRACTS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall encourage the use 
of standard guidelines within the Department of Defense for the 
evaluation of requirements for services contracts. Such guidelines 
shall be available to the Services Requirements Review Boards 
(established under Department of Defense Instruction 5000.74, titled 
``Defense Acquisition of Services'' and dated January 5, 2016, or a 
successor instruction) within each Defense Agency, each Department of 
Defense Field Activity, and each military department for the purpose of 
standardizing the requirements evaluation required under section 2329 
of title 10, United States Code, as added by this Act.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section--
        (1) the terms ``Defense Agency'', ``Department of Defense Field 
    Activity'', and ``military department'' have the meanings given 
    those terms in section 101 of title 10, United States Code; and
        (2) the term ``total force management policies and procedures'' 
    means the policies and procedures established under section 129a of 
    such title.
    SEC. 853. REPORT ON OUTCOME-BASED SERVICES CONTRACTS.
    Not later than April 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the merits of using outcome-based services 
contracts within the Department of Defense. Such report shall include a 
comparison of the use of outcome-based services contracts by the 
Department of Defense compared to input-based services contracts, the 
limitations of outcome-based services contracts, and an analysis of the 
cost implications of both approaches.
    SEC. 854. PILOT PROGRAM FOR LONGER TERM MULTIYEAR SERVICE 
      CONTRACTS.
    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
pilot program under which the Secretary may use the authority under 
subsection (a) of section 2306c of title 10, United States Code, to 
enter into up to five contracts for periods of not more than 10 years 
for services described in subsection (b) of such section. Each contract 
entered into pursuant to this subsection may be extended for up to five 
additional one-year terms.
    (b) Study.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
    agreement with an independent organization with relevant expertise 
    to study best practices and lessons learned from using services 
    contracts for periods longer than five years by commercial 
    companies, foreign governments, and State governments, as well as 
    service contracts for periods longer than five years used by the 
    Federal Government, such as energy savings performance contracts 
    (as defined in section to section 804(3) of the National Energy 
    Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287c(3)).
        (2) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the study conducted 
    under paragraph (1).
    (c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than five years after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the pilot program carried out under this section.

  Subtitle G--Provisions Relating to Other Transaction Authority and 
                              Prototyping

    SEC. 861. CONTRACT AUTHORITY FOR ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT OF INITIAL OR 
      ADDITIONAL PROTOTYPE UNITS.
    (a) Permanent Authority.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, 
    is amended by inserting after section 2302d the following new 
    section:
``Sec. 2302e. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
     additional prototype units
    ``(a) Authority.--A contract initially awarded from the competitive 
selection of a proposal resulting from a general solicitation referred 
to in section 2302(2)(B) of this title may contain a contract line item 
or contract option for--
        ``(1) the provision of advanced component development, 
    prototype, or initial production of technology developed under the 
    contract; or
        ``(2) the delivery of initial or additional items if the item 
    or a prototype thereof is created as the result of work performed 
    under the contract.
    ``(b) Limitations.--
        ``(1) Minimal amount.--A contract line item or contract option 
    described in subsection (a)(2) shall require the delivery of the 
    minimal amount of initial or additional items to allow for the 
    timely competitive solicitation and award of a follow-on 
    development or production contract for those items.
        ``(2) Term.--A contract line item or contract option described 
    in subsection (a) shall be for a term of not more than 2 years.
        ``(3) Dollar value of work.--The dollar value of the work to be 
    performed pursuant to a contract line item or contract option 
    described in subsection (a) may not exceed $100,000,000, in fiscal 
    year 2017 constant dollars.
        ``(4) Applicability.--The authority provided in subsection (a) 
    applies only to the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the 
    Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Air 
    Force.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
    section 2302d the following new item:

``2302e. Contract authority for advanced development of initial or 
          additional prototype units.''.

    (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 819 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
U.S.C. 2302 note) is hereby repealed.
    SEC. 862. METHODS FOR ENTERING INTO RESEARCH AGREEMENTS.
    Section 2358(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or'';
        (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
    inserting a semicolon; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(5) by transactions (other than contracts, cooperative 
    agreements, and grants) entered into pursuant to section 2371 or 
    2371b of this title; or
        ``(6) by purchases through procurement for experimental 
    purposes pursuant to section 2373 of this title.''.
    SEC. 863. EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR TRANSACTIONS OTHER THAN 
      CONTRACTS AND GRANTS.
    Section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection:
    ``(g) Education and Training.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
        ``(1) ensure that management, technical, and contracting 
    personnel of the Department of Defense involved in the award or 
    administration of transactions under this section or other 
    innovative forms of contracting are afforded opportunities for 
    adequate education and training; and
        ``(2) establish minimum levels and requirements for continuous 
    and experiential learning for such personnel, including levels and 
    requirements for acquisition certification programs.''.
    SEC. 864. OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN PROTOTYPE 
      PROJECTS.
    (a) Expanded Authority for Prototype Projects.--Subsection (a)(2) 
of section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``for a prototype project'' each place such 
    term appears and inserting ``for a transaction (for a prototype 
    project)'';
        (2) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by striking ``$50,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$100,000,000''; and
            (B) by striking ``$250,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$500,000,000''; and
        (3) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``$250,000,000'' and 
    inserting ``$500,000,000''.
    (b) Clarification of Inclusion of Small Businesses Participating in 
SBIR or STTR.--Subparagraph (B) of section 2371b(d)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including small 
businesses participating in a program described under section 9 of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638))'' after ``small businesses''.
    (c) Modification of Cost Sharing Requirement for Use of Other 
Transaction Authority.--Subparagraph (C) of such section is amended by 
striking ``provided by parties to the transaction'' and inserting 
``provided by sources other than''.
    (d) Use of Other Transaction Authority for Ongoing Prototype 
Projects.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 2371b of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``A 
transaction includes all individual prototype subprojects awarded under 
the transaction to a consortium of United States industry and academic 
institutions.''.
    SEC. 865. AMENDMENT TO NONTRADITIONAL AND SMALL CONTRACTOR 
      INNOVATION PROTOTYPING PROGRAM.
    Section 884(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2318; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following new 
    paragraph (9):
        ``(9) Unmanned ground logistics and unmanned air logistics 
    capabilities enhancement.''.
    SEC. 866. MIDDLE TIER OF ACQUISITION FOR RAPID PROTOTYPE AND RAPID 
      FIELDING.
    Section 804(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking subparagraph (C); and
        (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as subparagraphs 
    (C) and (D), respectively.
    SEC. 867. PREFERENCE FOR USE OF OTHER TRANSACTIONS AND EXPERIMENTAL 
      AUTHORITY.
    In the execution of science and technology and prototyping 
programs, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a preference, to be 
applied in circumstances determined appropriate by the Secretary, for 
using transactions other than contracts, cooperative agreements, and 
grants entered into pursuant to sections 2371 and 2371b of title 10, 
United States Code, and authority for procurement for experimental 
purposes pursuant to section 2373 of title 10, United States Code.
    SEC. 868. PROTOTYPE PROJECTS TO DIGITIZE DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
      REGULATIONS, POLICIES, AND GUIDANCE, AND EMPOWER USER TAILORING 
      OF ACQUISITION PROCESS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall conduct 
development efforts to develop prototypes to digitize defense 
acquisition regulations, policies, and guidance and to develop a 
digital decision support tool that facilitates the ability of users to 
tailor programs in accordance with existing laws, regulations, and 
guidance.
    (b) Elements.--Under the prototype projects, the Secretary shall--
        (1) convert existing acquisition policies, guides, memos, 
    templates, and reports to an online, interactive digital format to 
    create a dynamic, integrated, and authoritative knowledge 
    environment for purposes of assisting program managers and the 
    acquisition workforce of the Department of Defense to navigate the 
    complex lifecycle for each major type of acquisition program or 
    activity of the Department;
        (2) as part of this digital environment, create a digital 
    decision support capability that uses decision trees and tailored 
    acquisition models to assist users to develop strategies and 
    facilitate coordination and approvals; and
        (3) as part of this environment, establish a foundational data 
    layer to enable advanced data analytics on the acquisition 
    enterprise of the Department, to include business process 
    reengineering to improve productivity.
    (c) Use of Prototypes in Acquisition Activities.--The Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall encourage the 
use of these prototypes to model, develop, and test any procedures, 
policies, instructions, or other forms of direction and guidance that 
may be required to support acquisition training, practices, and 
policies of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Funding.--The Secretary may use the authority under section 
1705(e)(4)(B) of title 10, United States Code, to develop acquisition 
support prototypes and tools under this program.

        Subtitle H--Provisions Relating to Software Acquisition

    SEC. 871. NONCOMMERCIAL COMPUTER SOFTWARE ACQUISITION 
      CONSIDERATIONS.
    (a) In General.--
        (1) Requirement.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, 
    as amended by section 802, is further amended by inserting after 
    section 2322 the following new section:
``Sec. 2322a. Requirement for consideration of certain matters during 
     acquisition of noncommercial computer software
    ``(a) Consideration Required.--As part of any negotiation for the 
acquisition of noncommercial computer software, the Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that such negotiations consider, to the maximum 
extent practicable, acquisition, at the appropriate time in the life 
cycle of the noncommercial computer software, of all software and 
related materials necessary--
        ``(1) to reproduce, build, or recompile the software from 
    original source code and required libraries;
        ``(2) to conduct required computer software testing; and
        ``(3) to deploy working computer software system binary files 
    on relevant system hardware.
    ``(b) Delivery of Software and Related Materials.--Any 
noncommercial computer software or related materials required to be 
delivered as a result of considerations in subsection (a) shall, to the 
extent appropriate as determined by the Secretary--
        ``(1) include computer software delivered in a useable, digital 
    format;
        ``(2) not rely on external or additional software code or data, 
    unless such software code or data is included in the items to be 
    delivered; and
        ``(3) in the case of negotiated terms that do not allow for the 
    inclusion of dependent software code or data, sufficient 
    documentation to support maintenance and understanding of 
    interfaces and software revision history.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of such chapter is amended by adding after the item relating to 
    section 2322, as added by section 802, the following new item:

``2322a. Requirement for consideration of certain matters during 
          acquisition of noncommercial computer software.''.

    (b) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue updated 
guidance to implement section 2322a of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a).
    SEC. 872. DEFENSE INNOVATION BOARD ANALYSIS OF SOFTWARE ACQUISITION 
      REGULATIONS.
    (a) Study.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall direct the 
    Defense Innovation Board to undertake a study on streamlining 
    software development and acquisition regulations.
        (2) Member participation.--The Chairman of the Defense 
    Innovation Board shall select appropriate members from the 
    membership of the Board to participate in the study, and may 
    recommend additional temporary members or contracted support 
    personnel to the Secretary of Defense for the purposes of the 
    study. In considering additional appointments to the study, the 
    Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members have significant 
    technical, legislative, or regulatory expertise and reflect diverse 
    experiences in the public and private sector.
        (3) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
    shall--
            (A) review the acquisition regulations applicable to, and 
        organizational structures within, the Department of Defense 
        with a view toward streamlining and improving the efficiency 
        and effectiveness of software acquisition in order to maintain 
        defense technology advantage;
            (B) review ongoing software development and acquisition 
        programs, including a cross section of programs that offer a 
        variety of application types, functional communities, and 
        scale, in order to identify case studies of best and worst 
        practices currently in use within the Department of Defense;
            (C) produce specific and detailed recommendations for any 
        legislation, including the amendment or repeal of regulations, 
        as well as non-legislative approaches, that the members of the 
        Board conducting the study determine necessary to--
                (i) streamline development and procurement of software;
                (ii) adopt or adapt best practices from the private 
            sector applicable to Government use;
                (iii) promote rapid adoption of new technology;
                (iv) improve the talent management of the software 
            acquisition workforce, including by providing incentives 
            for the recruitment and retention of such workforce within 
            the Department of Defense;
                (v) ensure continuing financial and ethical integrity 
            in procurement; and
                (vi) protect the best interests of the Department of 
            Defense; and
            (D) produce such additional recommendations for legislation 
        as such members consider appropriate.
        (4) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
    provide the Defense Innovation Board with timely access to 
    appropriate information, data, resources, and analysis so that the 
    Board may conduct a thorough and independent analysis as required 
    under this subsection.
    (b) Reports.--
        (1) Interim reports.--Not later than 150 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a 
    report to or brief the congressional defense committees on the 
    interim findings of the study conducted pursuant to subsection (a). 
    The Defense Innovation Board shall provide regular updates to the 
    Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense committees for 
    purposes of providing the interim report.
        (2) Final report.--Not later than one year after the Secretary 
    of Defense directs the Defense Advisory Board to conduct the study, 
    the Board shall transmit a final report of the study to the 
    Secretary. Not later than 30 days after receiving the final report, 
    the Secretary of Defense shall transmit the final report, together 
    with such comments as the Secretary determines appropriate, to the 
    congressional defense committees.
    SEC. 873. PILOT PROGRAM TO USE AGILE OR ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT 
      METHODS TO TAILOR MAJOR SOFTWARE-INTENSIVE WARFIGHTING SYSTEMS 
      AND DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEMS.
    (a) Pilot Program.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
    with the Secretaries of the military departments and the chiefs of 
    the armed forces, shall establish a pilot program to tailor and 
    simplify software development requirements and methods for major 
    software-intensive warfighting systems and defense business 
    systems.
        (2) Implementation plan for pilot program.--Not later than 120 
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
    Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
    departments and the chiefs of the armed forces, shall develop a 
    plan for implementing the pilot program required under this 
    subsection, including guidance for implementing the program and for 
    selecting systems for participation in the program.
        (3) Selection of systems for pilot program.--
            (A) The implementation plan shall require that systems be 
        selected as follows:
                (i) For major software-intensive warfighting systems, 
            one system per armed force and one defense-wide system, 
            including at least one major defense acquisition program or 
            major automated information system.
                (ii) For defense business systems, not fewer than two 
            systems and not greater than eight systems.
            (B) In selecting systems for participation, the Secretary 
        shall prioritize systems as follows:
                (i) For major software-intensive warfighting systems, 
            systems that--

                    (I) have identified software development as a high 
                risk;
                    (II) have experienced cost growth and schedule 
                delay; and
                    (III) did not deliver any operational capability 
                within the prior calendar year.

                (ii) For defense business systems, systems that--

                    (I) have experienced cost growth and schedule 
                delay;
                    (II) did not deliver any operational capability 
                within the prior calendar year; and
                    (III) are underperforming other systems within a 
                defense business system portfolio with similar user 
                requirements.

    (b) Realignment Plans.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after selecting a 
    system for the pilot program under subsection (a)(3), the Secretary 
    shall develop a plan for realigning the system by breaking down the 
    system into smaller increments using agile or iterative development 
    methods. The realignment plan shall include a revised cost estimate 
    that is lower than the cost estimate for the system that was 
    current as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) Realignment execution.--Each increment for a realigned 
    system shall--
            (A) be designed to deliver a meaningfully useful capability 
        within the first 180 days following realignment;
            (B) be designed to deliver subsequent meaningfully useful 
        capabilities in time periods of less than 180 days;
            (C) incorporate multidisciplinary teams focused on software 
        production that prioritize user needs and control of total cost 
        of ownership;
            (D) be staffed with highly qualified technically trained 
        staff and personnel with management and business process 
        expertise in leadership positions to support requirements 
        modification, acquisition strategy, and program decisionmaking;
            (E) ensure that the acquisition strategy for the realigned 
        system is broad enough to allow for proposals of a service, 
        system, modified business practice, configuration of personnel, 
        or combination thereof for implementing the strategy;
            (F) include periodic engagement with the user community, as 
        well as representation by the user community in program 
        management and software production activity;
            (G) ensure that the acquisition strategy for the realigned 
        system favors outcomes-based requirements definition and 
        capability as a service, including the establishment of 
        technical evaluation criteria as outcomes to be used to 
        negotiate service-level agreements with vendors; and
            (H) consider options for termination of the relationship 
        with any vendor unable or unwilling to offer terms that meet 
        the requirements of this section.
    (c) Removal of Systems.--The Secretary may remove a system selected 
for the pilot program under subsection (a)(3) only after the Secretary 
submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a written determination that indicates that the 
selected system has been unsuccessful in reducing cost or schedule 
growth, or is not meeting the overall needs of the pilot program.
    (d) Education and Training in Agile or Iterative Development 
Methods.--
        (1) Training requirement.--The Secretary shall ensure that any 
    personnel from the relevant organizations in each of the military 
    departments and Defense Agencies participating in the pilot 
    program, including organizations responsible for engineering, 
    budgeting, contracting, test and evaluation, requirements 
    validation, and certification and accreditation, receive targeted 
    training in agile or iterative development methods, including the 
    interim course required by section 891 of this Act.
        (2) Support.--In carrying out the pilot program under 
    subsection (a), the Secretary shall ensure that personnel 
    participating in the program provide feedback to inform the 
    development of education and training curricula as required by 
    section 891.
    (e) Sunset.--The pilot program required under subsection (a) shall 
terminate on September 30, 2023. Any system selected under subsection 
(a)(3) for the pilot program shall continue after that date through the 
execution of its realignment plan.
    (f) Agile or Iterative Development Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``agile or iterative development'', with respect to software--
        (1) means acquisition pursuant to a method for delivering 
    multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the user for 
    operational use, evaluation, and feedback not exclusively linked to 
    any single, proprietary method or process; and
        (2) involves--
            (A) the incremental development and fielding of 
        capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', or 
        ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or months; 
        and
            (B) continuous participation and collaboration by users, 
        testers, and requirements authorities.
    SEC. 874. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT PILOT PROGRAM USING AGILE BEST 
      PRACTICES.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall identify no fewer 
than four and up to eight software development activities within the 
Department of Defense or military departments to be developed in a 
pilot program using agile acquisition methods.
    (b) Streamlined Processes.--Software development activities 
identified under subsection (a) shall be selected for the pilot program 
and developed without incorporation of the following contract or 
transaction requirements:
        (1) Earned value management (EVM) or EVM-like reporting.
        (2) Development of integrated master schedule.
        (3) Development of integrated master plan.
        (4) Development of technical requirement document.
        (5) Development of systems requirement documents.
        (6) Use of information technology infrastructure library 
    agreements.
        (7) Use of software development life cycle (methodology).
    (c) Roles and Responsibilities.--
        (1) In general.--Selected activities shall include the 
    following roles and responsibilities:
            (A) A program manager that is authorized to make all 
        programmatic decisions within the overarching activity 
        objectives, including resources, funding, personnel, and 
        contract or transaction termination recommendations.
            (B) A product owner that reports directly to the program 
        manager and is responsible for the overall design of the 
        product, prioritization of roadmap elements and interpretation 
        of their acceptance criteria, and prioritization of the list of 
        all features desired in the product.
            (C) An engineering lead that reports directly to the 
        program manager and is responsible for the implementation and 
        operation of the software.
            (D) A design lead that reports directly to the program 
        manager and is responsible for identifying, communicating, and 
        visualizing user needs through a human-centered design process.
        (2) Qualifications.--The Secretary shall establish 
    qualifications for personnel filling the positions described in 
    paragraph (1) prior to their selection. The qualifications may not 
    include a positive education requirement and must be based on 
    technical expertise or experience in delivery of software products, 
    including agile concepts.
        (3) Coordination plan for testing and certification 
    organizations.--The program manager shall ensure the availability 
    of resources for test and certification organizations support of 
    iterative development processes.
    (d) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan for each 
selected activity under the pilot program. The plan shall include the 
following elements:
        (1) Definition of a product vision, identifying a succinct, 
    clearly defined need the software will address.
        (2) Definition of a product road map, outlining a 
    noncontractual plan that identifies short-term and long-term 
    product goals and specific technology solutions to help meet those 
    goals and adjusts to mission and user needs at the product owner's 
    discretion.
        (3) The use of a broad agency announcement, other transaction 
    authority, or other rapid merit-based solicitation procedure.
        (4) Identification of, and continuous engagement with, end 
    users.
        (5) Frequent and iterative end user validation of features and 
    usability consistent with the principles outlined in the Digital 
    Services Playbook of the U.S. Digital Service.
        (6) Use of commercial best practices for advanced computing 
    systems, including, where applicable--
            (A) Automated testing, integration, and deployment;
            (B) compliance with applicable commercial accessibility 
        standards;
            (C) capability to support modern versions of multiple, 
        common web browsers;
            (D) capability to be viewable across commonly used end user 
        devices, including mobile devices; and
            (E) built-in application monitoring.
    (e) Program Schedule.--The Secretary shall ensure that each 
selected activity includes--
        (1) award processes that take no longer than three months after 
    a requirement is identified;
        (2) planned frequent and iterative end user validation of 
    implemented features and their usability;
        (3) delivery of a functional prototype or minimally viable 
    product in three months or less from award; and
        (4) follow-on delivery of iterative development cycles no 
    longer than four weeks apart, including security testing and 
    configuration management as applicable.
    (f) Oversight Metrics.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
selected activities--
        (1) use a modern tracking tool to execute requirements backlog 
    tracking; and
        (2) use agile development metrics that, at a minimum, track--
            (A) pace of work accomplishment;
            (B) completeness of scope of testing activities (such as 
        code coverage, fault tolerance, and boundary testing);
            (C) product quality attributes (such as major and minor 
        defects and measures of key performance attributes and quality 
        attributes);
            (D) delivery progress relative to the current product 
        roadmap; and
            (E) goals for each iteration.
    (g) Restrictions.--
        (1) Use of funds.--No funds made available for the selected 
    activities may be expended on estimation or evaluation using source 
    lines of code methodologies.
        (2) Contract types.--The Secretary of Defense may not use 
    lowest price technically acceptable contracting methods or cost 
    plus contracts to carry out selected activities under this section, 
    and shall encourage the use of existing streamlined and flexible 
    contracting arrangements.
    (h) Reports.--
        (1) Software development activity commencement.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than 30 days before the 
        commencement of a software development activity under the pilot 
        program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the activity (in 
        this subsection referred to as a ``pilot activity'').
            (B) Elements.--The report on a pilot activity under this 
        paragraph shall set forth a description of the pilot activity, 
        including the following information:
                (i) The purpose of the pilot activity.
                (ii) The duration of the pilot activity.
                (iii) The efficiencies and benefits anticipated to 
            accrue to the Government under the pilot program.
        (2) Software development activity completion.--
            (A) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        completion of a pilot activity, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the pilot 
        activity.
            (B) Elements.--The report on a pilot activity under this 
        paragraph shall include the following elements:
                (i) A description of results of the pilot activity.
                (ii) Such recommendations for legislative or 
            administrative action as the Secretary considers 
            appropriate in light of the pilot activity.
    (i) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) Agile acquisition.--The term ``agile acquisition'' means 
    acquisition using agile or iterative development.
        (2) Agile or iterative development.--The term ``agile or 
    iterative development'', with respect to software--
            (A) means acquisition pursuant to a method for delivering 
        multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the user for 
        operational use, evaluation, and feedback not exclusively 
        linked to any single, proprietary method or process; and
            (B) involves--
                (i) the incremental development and fielding of 
            capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', or 
            ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or 
            months; and
                (ii) continuous participation and collaboration by 
            users, testers, and requirements authorities.
    SEC. 875. PILOT PROGRAM FOR OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall initiate for the 
Department of Defense the open source software pilot program 
established by the Office of Management and Budget Memorandum M-16-21 
titled ``Federal Source Code Policy: Achieving Efficiency, 
Transparency, and Innovation through Reusable and Open Source 
Software'' and dated August 8, 2016.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
report to Congress with details of the plan of the Department of 
Defense to implement the pilot program required by subsection (a). Such 
plan shall include identifying candidate software programs, selection 
criteria, intellectual property and licensing issues, and other matters 
determined by the Secretary.
    (c) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall provide a report to 
Congress on the implementation of the pilot program required by 
subsection (a) by the Secretary of Defense. The report shall address, 
at a minimum, the compliance of the Secretary with the requirements of 
the Office of Management and Budget Memorandum M-16-21, the views of 
various software and information technology stakeholders in the 
Department of Defense, and any other matters determined by the 
Comptroller General.

                       Subtitle I--Other Matters

    SEC. 881. EXTENSION OF MAXIMUM DURATION OF FUEL STORAGE CONTRACTS.
    (a) Extension.--Section 2922(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``20 years'' and inserting ``30 years''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to contracts entered into on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and may be applied to a contract entered 
into before that date if the total contract period under the contract 
(including options) has not expired as of the date of any extension of 
such contract period by reason of such amendment.
    SEC. 882. PROCUREMENT OF AVIATION CRITICAL SAFETY ITEMS.
    Section 814(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2271; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1)--
            (A) by inserting ``or an aviation critical safety item (as 
        defined in section 2319(g) of this title)'' after ``personal 
        protective equipment''; and
            (B) by inserting ``equipment or'' after ``failure of the''; 
        and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or item'' after 
    ``equipment''.
    SEC. 883. MODIFICATIONS TO THE ADVISORY PANEL ON STREAMLINING AND 
      CODIFYING ACQUISITION REGULATIONS.
    (a) Extension of Date for Final Report.--
        (1) Transmittal of panel final report.--Subsection (e)(1) of 
    section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 889), as amended by section 
    863(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
    2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2303), is amended--
            (A) by striking ``Not later than two years after the date 
        on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the advisory 
        panel'' and inserting ``Not later than January 15, 2019''; and
            (B) by striking ``the Secretary.'' and inserting ``the 
        Secretary of Defense and the congressional defense 
        committees.''.
        (2) Secretary of defense action on final report.--Subsection 
    (e)(4) of such section is amended--
            (A) by striking ``Not later than 30 days'' and inserting 
        ``Not later than 60 days''; and
            (B) by striking ``the final report, together with such 
        comments as the Secretary determines appropriate,'' and 
        inserting ``such comments as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate''.
    (b) Termination of Panel.--Such section is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Termination of Panel.--The advisory panel shall terminate 180 
days after the date on which the final report of the panel is 
transmitted pursuant to subsection (e)(1).''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended 
by striking ``resources,,'' and inserting ``resources,''.
    SEC. 884. REPEAL OF EXPIRED PILOT PROGRAM FOR LEASING COMMERCIAL 
      UTILITY CARGO VEHICLES.
    Section 807(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2401a note) is repealed.
    SEC. 885. EXCEPTION FOR BUSINESS OPERATIONS FROM REQUIREMENT TO 
      ACCEPT $1 COINS.
    (a) In General.--Paragraph (1) of section 5112(p) of title 31, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
flush sentence:
    ``This paragraph does not apply with respect to business operations 
    conducted by any entity under a contract with an agency or 
    instrumentality of the United States, including with any 
    nonappropriated fund instrumentality established under title 10, 
    United States Code.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such paragraph is further amended--
        (1) by striking ``and all entities that operate any business, 
    including vending machines, on any premises owned by the United 
    States or under the control of any agency or instrumentality of the 
    United States, including the legislative and judicial branches of 
    the Federal Government,''; and
        (2) by inserting ``and'' before ``all transit systems''.
    (c) Technical Amendment.--Subparagraph (B) of such paragraph is 
amended by striking ``displays'' and inserting ``display''.
    SEC. 886. DEVELOPMENT OF PROCUREMENT ADMINISTRATIVE LEAD TIME.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop, make 
available for public comment, and finalize--
        (1) a definition of the term ``Procurement Administrative Lead 
    Time'' or ``PALT'', to be applied Department of Defense-wide, that 
    describes the amount of time from the date on which a solicitation 
    is issued to the date of an initial award of a contract or task 
    order of the Department of Defense; and
        (2) a plan for measuring and publicly reporting data on PALT 
    for Department of Defense contracts and task orders above the 
    simplified acquisition threshold.
    (b) Requirement for Definition.--Unless the Secretary determines 
otherwise, the amount of time in the definition of PALT developed under 
subsection (a) shall--
        (1) begin on the date on which the initial solicitation is 
    issued for a contract or task order of the Department of Defense by 
    the Secretary of a military department or head of a Defense Agency; 
    and
        (2) end on the date of the award of the contract or task order.
    (c) Coordination.--In developing the definition of PALT, the 
Secretary shall coordinate with--
        (1) the senior contracting official of each military department 
    and Defense Agency to determine the variations of the definition in 
    use across the Department of Defense and each military department 
    and Defense Agency; and
        (2) the Administrator of the General Services Administration on 
    modifying the existing data system of the Federal Government to 
    determine the date on which the initial solicitation is issued.
    (d) Use of Existing Procurement Data Systems.--In developing the 
plan for measuring and publicly reporting data on PALT required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, 
rely on the information contained in the Federal procurement data 
system established pursuant to section 1122(a)(4) of title 41, United 
States Code, including any modifications to that system.
    SEC. 887. NOTIONAL MILESTONES AND STANDARD TIMELINES FOR CONTRACTS 
      FOR FOREIGN MILITARY SALES.
    (a) Establishment.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
    specific notional milestones and standard timelines for the 
    Department of Defense to achieve such milestones in its processing 
    of a foreign military sale (as authorized under chapter 2 of the 
    Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2761 et seq.)). Such milestones 
    and timelines--
            (A) may vary depending on the complexity of the foreign 
        military sale; and
            (B) shall cover the period beginning on the date of receipt 
        of a complete letter of request (as described in chapter 5 of 
        the Security Assistance Management Manual of the Defense 
        Security Cooperation Agency) from a foreign country and ending 
        on the date of the final delivery of a defense article or 
        defense service sold through the foreign military sale.
        (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress a report describing the 
    milestones and timelines developed pursuant to paragraph (1) of 
    this section.
    (b) Submissions to Congress.--
        (1) Quarterly notification.--During the period beginning 180 
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
    December 31, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
    committees of Congress, on a quarterly basis, a report that 
    includes a list of each foreign military sale with a value greater 
    than or equal to the dollar threshold for congressional 
    notification under section 36 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
    U.S.C. 2776)--
            (A) for which the final delivery of a defense article or 
        defense service has not been completed; and
            (B) that has not met a standard timeline to achieve a 
        notional milestone as established under subsection (a).
        (2) Annual report.--Not later than November 1, 2019, and 
    annually thereafter until December 31, 2021, the Secretary shall 
    submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that 
    summarizes--
            (A) the number, set forth separately by dollar value and 
        notional milestone, of foreign military sales that met the 
        standard timeline to achieve a notional milestone established 
        under subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal year; and
            (B) the number, set forth separately by dollar value and 
        notional milestone, of each foreign military sale that did not 
        meet the standard timeline to achieve a notional milestone 
        established under subsection (a), and a description of any 
        extenuating factors explaining why such a sale did not achieve 
        such milestone.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section--
        (1) the terms ``defense article'' and ``defense service'' have 
    the meanings given those terms, respectively, in section 47 of the 
    Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2794); and
        (2) the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
    SEC. 888. ASSESSMENT AND AUTHORITY TO TERMINATE OR PROHIBIT 
      CONTRACTS FOR PROCUREMENT FROM CHINESE COMPANIES PROVIDING 
      SUPPORT TO THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA.
    (a) Assessment Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
    the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the 
    Director of National Intelligence, shall conduct an assessment of 
    trade between the People's Republic of China and the Democratic 
    People's Republic of Korea, including elements deemed to be 
    important to United States national security and defense.
        (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) shall--
            (A) assess the composition of all trade between China and 
        the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, including trade in 
        goods and services;
            (B) identify whether any Chinese commercial entities that 
        are engaged in such trade materially support illicit activities 
        on the part of North Korea;
            (C) evaluate the extent to which the United States 
        Government procures goods or services from any commercial 
        entity identified under subparagraph (B);
            (D) provide a list of commercial entities identified under 
        subparagraph (B) that provide defense goods or services for the 
        Department of Defense; and
            (E) evaluate the ramifications to United States national 
        security, including any impacts to the defense industrial base, 
        Department of Defense acquisition programs, and Department of 
        Defense logistics or supply chains, of prohibiting procurements 
        from commercial entities listed under subparagraph (D).
        (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    Congress a report on the assessment required by paragraph (1). The 
    report shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
    classified annex.
    (b) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may terminate existing 
contracts or prohibit the award of contracts for the procurement of 
goods or services for the Department of Defense from a Chinese 
commercial entity included on the list described under subsection 
(a)(2)(D) based on a determination informed by the assessment required 
under subsection (a)(1).
    (c) Notification.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a notification of, and detailed 
justification for, any exercise of the authority in subsection (b) not 
less than 30 days before the date on which the authority is exercised.
    (d) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
    SEC. 889. REPORT ON DEFENSE CONTRACTING FRAUD.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on defense contracting fraud.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) A summary of fraud-related criminal convictions and civil 
    judgments or settlements over the previous five fiscal years.
        (2) A listing of contractors that within the previous five 
    fiscal years performed contracts for the Department of Defense and 
    were debarred or suspended from Federal contracting based on a 
    criminal conviction for fraud.
        (3) An assessment of the total value of Department of Defense 
    contracts entered into during the previous five fiscal years with 
    contractors that have been indicted for, settled charges of, been 
    fined by any Federal department or agency for, or been convicted of 
    fraud in connection with any contract or other transaction entered 
    into with the Federal Government.
        (4) Recommendations by the Inspector General of the Department 
    of Defense or other appropriate Department of Defense official 
    regarding how to penalize contractors repeatedly involved in fraud 
    in connection with contracts or other transactions entered into 
    with the Federal Government, including an update on implementation 
    by the Department of any previous such recommendations.
    SEC. 890. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON CONTRACTOR BUSINESS SYSTEM 
      REQUIREMENTS.
    (a) Evaluation.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report evaluating the 
implementation and effectiveness of the program for the improvement of 
contractor business systems established pursuant to section 893 of the 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). The report shall--
        (1) describe how the requirements of such program were 
    implemented, including the roles and responsibilities of relevant 
    Defense Agencies and known costs to the Federal Government and 
    covered contractors;
        (2) analyze the extent to which implementation of such program 
    has affected, if at all, covered contractor performance or the 
    management and oversight of covered contracts of the Department of 
    Defense;
        (3) assess how the amendments to contractor business system 
    requirements made by section 893 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
    Stat. 2324) were implemented, including--
            (A) the effects of revising the definition of ``covered 
        contractor'' in section 893(g)(2) of the Ike Skelton National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-
        383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) and the feasibility and the potential 
        effects of further increasing the percentage of the total gross 
        revenue included in the definition; and
            (B) the extent to which third-party independent auditors 
        have conducted contractor business system assessments pursuant 
        to section 893(c) of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
        U.S.C. 2302 note);
        (4) identify any additional information or management practices 
    that could enhance the process for assessing contractor business 
    systems, particularly when covered contractors have multiple 
    covered contracts with the Department of Defense; and
        (5) include any other matters the Comptroller General 
    determines to be relevant.
    (b) Contractor Business System Definitions.--In this section, the 
terms ``covered contractor'', ``covered contract'', and ``contractor 
business system'' have the meanings given in section 893 of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
    SEC. 891. TRAINING ON AGILE OR ITERATIVE DEVELOPMENT METHODS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the President of the Defense Acquisition University, shall establish a 
training course at the Defense Acquisition University on agile or 
iterative development methods to provide training for personnel 
implementing and supporting the pilot programs required by sections 873 
and 874 of this Act.
    (b) Course Elements.--
        (1) In general.--The course shall be taught in residence at the 
    Defense Acquisition University and shall include the following 
    elements:
            (A) Training designed to instill a common understanding of 
        all functional roles and dependencies involved in developing 
        and producing a capability using agile or iterative development 
        methods.
            (B) An exercise involving teams composed of personnel from 
        pertinent functions and functional organizations engaged in 
        developing an integrated agile or iterative development method 
        for a specific program.
            (C) Instructors and content from non-governmental entities, 
        as appropriate, to highlight commercial best practices in using 
        an agile or iterative development method.
        (2) Course updates.--The Secretary shall ensure that the course 
    is updated as needed, including through incorporating lessons 
    learned from the implementation of the pilot programs required by 
    sections 873 and 874 of this Act in subsequent versions of the 
    course.
    (c) Course Attendance.--The course shall be--
        (1) available for certified acquisition personnel working on 
    programs or projects using agile or iterative development methods; 
    and
        (2) mandatory for personnel participating in the pilot programs 
    required by sections 873 and 874 of this Act from the relevant 
    organizations in each of the military departments and Defense 
    Agencies, including organizations responsible for engineering, 
    budgeting, contracting, test and evaluation, requirements 
    validation, and certification and accreditation.
    (d) Agile Acquisition Support.--The Secretary and the senior 
acquisition executives in each of the military departments and Defense 
Agencies, in coordination with the Director of the Defense Digital 
Service, shall assign to offices supporting systems selected for 
participation in the pilot programs required by sections 873 and 874 of 
this Act a subject matter expert with knowledge of commercial agile 
acquisition methods and Department of Defense acquisition processes to 
provide assistance and to advise appropriate acquisition authorities of 
the expert's observations.
    (e) Agile Research Program.--The President of the Defense 
Acquisition University shall establish a research program to conduct 
research on and development of agile acquisition practices and tools 
best tailored to meet the mission needs of the Department of Defense.
    (f) Agile or Iterative Development Defined.--The term ``agile or 
iterative development'', with respect to software--
        (1) means acquisition pursuant to a method for delivering 
    multiple, rapid, incremental capabilities to the user for 
    operational use, evaluation, and feedback not exclusively linked to 
    any single, proprietary method or process; and
        (2) involves--
            (A) the incremental development and fielding of 
        capabilities, commonly called ``spirals'', ``spins'', or 
        ``sprints'', which can be measured in a few weeks or months; 
        and
            (B) continuous participation and collaboration by users, 
        testers, and requirements authorities.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Treatment of incumbent Under Secretary of Defense for 
          Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
Sec. 902. Clarification of authority of Under Secretary of Defense for 
          Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to service 
          acquisition programs for which the service acquisition 
          executive is the milestone decision authority.
Sec. 903. Executive Schedule matters relating to Under Secretary of 
          Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
Sec. 904. Consistent period of relief from active duty as a commissioned 
          officer of a regular component of the Armed Forces for 
          appointment to Under Secretary of Defense positions.
Sec. 905. Qualifications for appointment and additional duties and 
          powers of certain officials within the Office of the Under 
          Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).
Sec. 906. Redesignation of Principal Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense 
          as Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense and related matters.
Sec. 907. Reduction of number and elimination of specific designations 
          of Assistant Secretaries of Defense.
Sec. 908. Limitation on maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries 
          of Defense.
Sec. 909. Appointment and responsibilities of Chief Information Officer 
          of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 910. Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

                Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics

Sec. 911. Policy on treatment of defense business system data related to 
          business operations and management.
Sec. 912. Transparency of defense management data.
Sec. 913. Establishment of set of activities that use data analysis, 
          measurement, and other evaluation-related methods to improve 
          acquisition program outcomes.

  Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
                                Elements

Sec. 921. Qualifications for appointment of Assistant Secretaries of the 
          military departments for financial management.
Sec. 922. Manner of carrying out reductions in major Department of 
          Defense headquarters activities pursuant to headquarters 
          reduction plan.
Sec. 923. Certifications on cost savings achieved by reductions in major 
          Department of Defense headquarters activities.
Sec. 924. Corrosion control and prevention executives matters.
Sec. 925. Background and security investigations for Department of 
          Defense personnel.

            Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

Sec. 931. Additional elements in reports on policy, organization, and 
          management goals of the Secretary of Defense for the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. Report and sense of Congress on responsibility for 
          developmental test and evaluation within the Office of the 
          Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 933. Report on Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Commission on the National Defense Strategy for the United 
          States.

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

    SEC. 901. TREATMENT OF INCUMBENT UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
      ACQUISITION, TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS.
    Section 901(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2339; 10 U.S.C. 133a note) is 
amended by striking paragraph (2).
    SEC. 902. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY OF UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
      FOR ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT WITH RESPECT TO SERVICE 
      ACQUISITION PROGRAMS FOR WHICH THE SERVICE ACQUISITION EXECUTIVE 
      IS THE MILESTONE DECISION AUTHORITY.
    Effective on February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming 
into effect of the amendment made by section 901(b) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2340), subsection (b)(6) of section 133b of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by such section 901(b), is amended by striking 
``supervisory authority'' and inserting ``advisory authority''.
    SEC. 903. EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE MATTERS RELATING TO UNDER SECRETARY OF 
      DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT.
    (a) Repeal of Pending Executive Schedule Amendment.--Section 901(h) 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2342; 5 U.S.C. 5313 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``new items'' and inserting ``new item''; and
        (2) by striking the item relating to the Under Secretary of 
    Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
    (b) Executive Schedule Level III.--Effective on February 1, 2018, 
section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
before the item relating to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy 
the following new item:
        ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
    Sustainment.''.
    SEC. 904. CONSISTENT PERIOD OF RELIEF FROM ACTIVE DUTY AS A 
      COMMISSIONED OFFICER OF A REGULAR COMPONENT OF THE ARMED FORCES 
      FOR APPOINTMENT TO UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE POSITIONS.
    Chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in section 135(a), by adding at the end the following new 
    sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under Secretary within 
    seven years after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer 
    of a regular component of the armed forces.'';
        (2) in section 136(a), by adding at the end the following new 
    sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under Secretary within 
    seven years after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer 
    of a regular component of the armed forces.''; and
        (3) in section 137(a), by adding at the end the following new 
    sentence: ``A person may not be appointed as Under Secretary within 
    seven years after relief from active duty as a commissioned officer 
    of a regular component of the armed forces.''.
    SEC. 905. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT AND ADDITIONAL DUTIES AND 
      POWERS OF CERTAIN OFFICIALS WITHIN THE OFFICE OF THE UNDER 
      SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (COMPTROLLER).
    (a) Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--
        (1) Qualification for appointment.--Section 135(a) of title 10, 
    United States Code, as amended by section 904, is further amended--
            (A) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(a)''; and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall be 
appointed from among persons who have significant budget, financial 
management, or audit experience in complex organizations.''.
        (2) Duties and powers.--Section 135 of title 10, United States 
    Code, is further amended--
            (A) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) In addition to any duties under subsection (c), the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall, subject to the authority, 
direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense, do the following:
        ``(1) Provide guidance and instruction on annual performance 
    plans and evaluations to the following:
            ``(A) The Assistant Secretaries of the military departments 
        for financial management.
            ``(B) Any other official of an agency, organization, or 
        element of the Department of Defense with responsibility for 
        financial management.
        ``(2) Give directions to the military departments, Defense 
    Agencies, and other organizations and elements of the Department of 
    Defense regarding their financial statements and the audit and 
    audit readiness of such financial statements.''.
    (b) Qualification for Appointment as Deputy Chief Financial 
Officer.--The Deputy Chief Financial Officer of the Department of 
Defense shall be appointed from among persons who have significant 
budget, financial management, or audit experience in complex 
organizations.
    (c) Applicability.--The appointment qualifications imposed by the 
amendments made by subsection (a)(1) and the appointment qualifications 
imposed by subsection (b) shall apply with respect to appointments as 
Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Deputy Chief Financial 
Officer of the Department of Defense that are made on or after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    SEC. 906. REDESIGNATION OF PRINCIPAL DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARIES OF 
      DEFENSE AS DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARIES OF DEFENSE AND RELATED 
      MATTERS.
    (a) Redesignation.--Section 137a of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``Principal'' each place it appears.
    (b) Increase in Authorized Number.--Section 137a(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting 
``six''.
    (c) Replacement of ATL Position With Two Positions in Connection 
With OSD Reform.--Effective on February 1, 2018, section 137a(c) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as paragraphs 
    (3) through (6), respectively; and
        (2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following new 
    paragraphs:
    ``(1) One of the Deputy Under Secretaries is the Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
    ``(2) One of the Deputy Under Secretaries is the Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
        (1) OSD.--Paragraph (6) of section 131(b) of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended to read as follows:
        ``(6) The Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense.''.
        (2) Precedence.--Section 138(d) of title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended by striking ``Principal''.
    (e) Executive Schedule Level IV.--Section 5315 of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Principal'' in the items relating to the 
    Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the 
    Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
    Readiness, the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense 
    (Comptroller), and the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense 
    for Intelligence; and
        (2) by inserting before the item relating to the Deputy Under 
    Secretary of Defense for Policy, as amended by paragraph (1), the 
    following new items:
        ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
    Engineering.
        ``Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
    Sustainment.''.
    (f) Clerical Amendments.--
        (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 137a of title 
    10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 137a. Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
    of chapter 4 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
    striking the item relating to section 137a and inserting the 
    following new item:

``137a. Deputy Under Secretaries of Defense.''.
    SEC. 907. REDUCTION OF NUMBER AND ELIMINATION OF SPECIFIC 
      DESIGNATIONS OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Reduction of Authorized Number.--Section 138(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``14'' and inserting ``13''.
    (b) Elimination of Certain Specific Designations.--Section 138(b) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3); and
        (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) as paragraphs 
    (2), (3), and (4), respectively.
    SEC. 908. LIMITATION ON MAXIMUM NUMBER OF DEPUTY ASSISTANT 
      SECRETARIES OF DEFENSE.
    The maximum number of Deputy Assistant Secretaries of Defense after 
the date of the enactment of this Act may not exceed 48.
    SEC. 909. APPOINTMENT AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF CHIEF INFORMATION 
      OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Appointment Method and Qualifications.--Section 142(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting before the period at 
the end the following: ``, who shall be appointed by the President, by 
and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among civilians who 
are qualified to serve as such officer''.
    (b) Clarification of Certain Responsibilities.--Section 
142(b)(1)(I) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``the networking and cyber defense architecture'' and inserting ``the 
information technology, networking, information assurance, 
cybersecurity, and cyber capability architectures''.
    (c) Additional Responsibilities Related to Budgets and Standards.--
Section 142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4); and
        (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
    paragraphs:
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), shall require the Secretaries of 
the military departments and the heads of the Defense Agencies with 
responsibilities associated with any activity specified in paragraph 
(1) to transmit the proposed budget for such activities for a fiscal 
year and for the period covered by the future-years defense program 
submitted to Congress under section 221 of this title for that fiscal 
year to the Chief Information Officer for review under subparagraph (B) 
before submitting the proposed budget to the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller).
    ``(B) The Chief Information Officer shall review each proposed 
budget transmitted under subparagraph (A) and, not later than January 
31 of the year preceding the fiscal year for which the budget is 
proposed, shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report containing 
the comments of the Chief Information Officer with respect to all such 
proposed budgets, together with the certification of the Chief 
Information Officer regarding whether each proposed budget is adequate.
    ``(C) Not later than March 31 of each year, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to Congress a report specifying each proposed 
budget contained in the most-recent report submitted under subparagraph 
(B) that the Chief Information Officer did not certify to be adequate. 
The report of the Secretary shall include the following matters:
        ``(i) A discussion of the actions that the Secretary proposes 
    to take, together with any recommended legislation that the 
    Secretary considers appropriate, to address the inadequacy of the 
    proposed budgets specified in the report.
        ``(ii) Any additional comments that the Secretary considers 
    appropriate regarding the inadequacy of the proposed budgets.
    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of a military department or head of a 
Defense Agency may not develop or procure information technology (as 
defined in section 11101 of title 40) that does not fully comply with 
such standards as the Chief Information Officer may establish.
    ``(B) The Chief Information Officer shall implement and enforce a 
process for--
        ``(i) developing, adopting, or publishing standards for 
    information technology, networking, or cyber capabilities to which 
    any military department or defense agency would need to adhere in 
    order to run such capabilities on defense networks; and
        ``(ii) certifying on a regular and ongoing basis that any 
    capabilities being developed or procured meets such standards as 
    have been published by the Department at the time of certification.
    ``(C) The Chief Information Officer shall identify gaps in 
standards and mitigation plans for operating in the absence of 
acceptable standards.''.
    (d) Direction and Precedence.--Section 142 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(c) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense 
shall report directly to the Secretary of Defense in the performance of 
duties under this section.
    ``(d) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense 
takes precedence in the Department of Defense with the officials 
serving in positions specified in section 131(b)(4) of this title. The 
officials serving in positions specified in such section and the Chief 
Information Officer take precedence among themselves in the order 
prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.''.
    (e) Alternative Proposal.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a proposal for such alternatives or modifications to the 
realignment of responsibilities of the Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense required by the amendments made by subsection (a) 
as the Secretary considers appropriate, together with an implementation 
plan for such proposal. The proposal may not be carried out unless 
approved by statute.
    (f) Service of Incumbent Without Further Appointment.--The 
individual serving in the position of Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense as of January 1, 2019, may continue to serve in 
such position commencing as of that date without further appointment 
pursuant to section 142 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by 
this section.
    (g) Effective Date of Amendments.--The amendments made by this 
section shall take effect on January 1, 2019.
    SEC. 910. CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Chief Management Officer.--
        (1) In general.--Effective February 1, 2018, section 132a of 
    title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 132a. Chief Management Officer
    ``(a) Appointment and Qualifications.--(1) There is a Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense, appointed from 
civilian life by the President, by and with the advice and consent of 
the Senate.
    ``(2) The Chief Management Officer shall be appointed from among 
persons who have an extensive management or business background and 
experience with managing large or complex organizations. A person may 
not be appointed as Chief Management Officer within seven years after 
relief from active duty as a commissioned officer of a regular 
component of an armed force.
    ``(b) Responsibilities.--Subject to the authority, direction, and 
control of the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of 
Defense, the Chief Management Officer shall perform such duties and 
exercise such powers as the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary may 
prescribe, including the following:
        ``(1) Serving as the chief management officer of the Department 
    of Defense with the mission of managing enterprise business 
    operations and shared services of the Department of Defense.
        ``(2) Serving as the principal advisor to the Secretary and the 
    Deputy Secretary on establishing policies for, and directing, all 
    enterprise business operations of the Department, including 
    planning and processes, business transformation, performance 
    measurement and management, and business information technology 
    management and improvement activities and programs, including the 
    allocation of resources for enterprise business operations and 
    unifying business management efforts across the Department.
        ``(3) Exercising authority, direction, and control over the 
    Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities 
    providing shared business services for the Department that are 
    designated by the Secretary or the Deputy Secretary for purposes of 
    this paragraph.
        ``(4) As of January 1, 2019--
            ``(A) serving as the Chief Information Officer of the 
        Department for purposes of section 2222 of this title;
            ``(B) administering the responsibilities and duties 
        specified in sections 11315 and 11319 of title 40, section 
        3506(a)(2) of title 44, and section 2223(a) of this title for 
        business systems and management; and
            ``(C) Exercising any responsibilities, duties, and powers 
        relating to business systems or management that are exercisable 
        by a chief information officer for the Department, other than 
        those responsibilities, duties, and powers of a chief 
        information officer that are vested in the Chief Information 
        Officer of the Department of Defense by section 142 of this 
        title.
        ``(5) Serving as the official with principal responsibility in 
    the Department for providing for the availability of common, 
    usable, Defense-wide data sets with applications such as improving 
    acquisition outcomes and personnel management.
        ``(6) Authority to direct the Secretaries of the military 
    departments and the heads of all other elements of the Department 
    with regard to matters for which the Chief Management Officer has 
    responsibility under this section.
    ``(c) Precedence.--The Chief Management Officer takes precedence in 
the Department of Defense after the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy 
Secretary of Defense.
    ``(d) Enterprise Business Operation Defined.--In this section, the 
term `enterprise business operations' means those activities that 
constitute the cross-cutting business operations used by multiple 
components of the Department of Defense, but not those activities that 
are directly tied to a single military department or Department of 
Defense component. The term includes business-support functions 
designated by the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of 
Defense for purposes of this section, such as aspects of financial 
management, healthcare, acquisition and procurement, supply chain and 
logistics, certain information technology, real property, and human 
resources operations.''.
        (2) Clerical amendment.--Effective February 1, 2018, the table 
    of sections at the beginning of chapter 4 of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
    132a and inserting the following new item:

``132a. Chief Management Officer.''.

    (b) Conforming Repeal of Prior Authorities on Chief Management 
Officer.--
        (1) In general.--Effective on January 31, 2018, subsection (c) 
    of section 901 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
    Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2341; 10 U.S.C. 131 note) 
    is repealed, and the amendments to be made by paragraph (4) of that 
    subsection shall not be made.
        (2) Further conforming amendments.--Effective on February 1, 
    2018, section 132 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (c); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
    (c) Conforming Amendments on Precedence in DoD.--Effective on 
February 1, 2018, and immediately after the coming into effect of the 
amendments made by section 901 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2339; 10 U.S.C. 
131 note)--
        (1) section 131(b) of title 10, United States Code, as amended 
    by section 906(d)(1) of this Act, is further amended--
            (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (9) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (10), respectively; and
            (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
        ``(2) The Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
    Defense.'';
        (2) section 133a(c) of such title is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and the Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``, the Deputy Secretary 
        of Defense, and the Chief Management Officer of the Department 
        of Defense''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the Chief Management 
        Officer,'' after ``the Deputy Secretary,''; and
        (3) section 133b(c) of such title is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``the Chief Management 
        Officer of the Department of Defense,'' after ``the Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense,''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``the Chief Management 
        Officer,'' after ``the Deputy Secretary,''.
    (d) Executive Schedule Level II.--Effective on February 1, 2018, 
and immediately after the coming into effect of the amendment made by 
section 901(h) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2342; 5 U.S.C. 5313 note), 
section 5313 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
before the item relating to the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering the following new item:
        ``Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.''.
    (e) Service of Incumbent Deputy Chief Management Officer as Chief 
Management Officer Upon Commencement of Latter Position Without Further 
Appointment.--The individual serving in the position of Deputy Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense as of February 1, 2018, 
may continue to serve as Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense under section 132a of title 10, United States Code (as amended 
by subsection (a)), commencing as of that date without further 
appointment pursuant to such section 132a.
    (f) Defense Agencies and Field Activities Providing Shared Business 
Services.--
        (1) Initial reporting requirement.--Not later than January 15, 
    2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
    defense committees a report specifying each Defense Agency and 
    Department of Defense Field Activity providing shared business 
    services for the Department of Defense that is to be designated by 
    the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of Defense for 
    purposes of subsection (b)(3) of section 132a of title 10, United 
    States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), as of the coming into 
    effect of such section 132a.
        (2) Notice to congress on transfer of oversight.--Upon the 
    transfer to the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
    Defense of responsibility for oversight of shared business services 
    of a Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field Activity 
    specified in the report required by paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
    notice of the transfer, including the Defense Agency or Field 
    Activity subject to the transfer and a description of the nature 
    and scope of the responsibility for oversight transferred.

               Subtitle B--Data Management and Analytics

    SEC. 911. POLICY ON TREATMENT OF DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEM DATA 
      RELATED TO BUSINESS OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT.
    (a) Establishment of Policy.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
establish a data policy for the Department of Defense that mandates 
that any data contained in a defense business system related to 
business operations and management is an asset of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Availability.--As part of the policy required by subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that, except as otherwise 
provided by law or regulation, data described in such subsection shall 
be made readily available to members of the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense, the Joint Staff, the military departments, the combatant 
commands, the Defense Agencies, the Department of Defense Field 
Activities, and all other offices, agencies, activities, and commands 
of the Department of Defense, as applicable.
    SEC. 912. TRANSPARENCY OF DEFENSE MANAGEMENT DATA.
    (a) Common Enterprise Data.--
        (1) In general.--Section 2222(e) of title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(5) Common enterprise data.--The defense business enterprise 
    shall include enterprise data that may be automatically extracted 
    from the relevant systems to facilitate Department of Defense-wide 
    analysis and management of its business operations.
        ``(6) Roles and responsibilities.--
            ``(A) The Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
        Defense shall have primary decision-making authority with 
        respect to the development of common enterprise data. In 
        consultation with the Defense Business Council, the Chief 
        Management Officer shall--
                ``(i) develop an associated data governance process; 
            and
                ``(ii) oversee the preparation, extraction, and 
            provision of data across the defense business enterprise.
            ``(B) The Chief Management Officer and the Under Secretary 
        of Defense (Comptroller) shall--
                ``(i) in consultation with the Defense Business 
            Council, document and maintain any common enterprise data 
            for their respective areas of authority;
                ``(ii) participate in any related data governance 
            process;
                ``(iii) extract data from defense business systems as 
            needed to support priority activities and analyses;
                ``(iv) when appropriate, ensure the source data is the 
            same as that used to produce the financial statements 
            subject to annual audit;
                ``(v) in consultation with the Defense Business 
            Council, provide access, except as otherwise provided by 
            law or regulation, to such data to the Office of the 
            Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the military 
            departments, the combatant commands, the Defense Agencies, 
            the Department of Defense Field Activities, and all other 
            offices, agencies, activities, and commands of the 
            Department of Defense; and
                ``(vi) ensure consistency of the common enterprise data 
            maintained by their respective organizations.
            ``(C) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation shall have access to data for the purpose of 
        executing missions as designated by the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(D) The Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff, the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        commanders of combatant commands, the heads of the Defense 
        Agencies, the heads of the Department of Defense Field 
        Activities, and the heads of all other offices, agencies, 
        activities, and commands of the Department of Defense shall 
        provide access to the relevant system of such department, 
        combatant command, Defense Agency, Defense Field Activity, or 
        office, agency, activity, and command organization, as 
        applicable, and data extracted from such system, for purposes 
        of automatically populating data sets coded with common 
        enterprise data.''.
        (2) Definitions.--Section 2222(i) of title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
        ``(10) Common enterprise data.--The term `common enterprise 
    data' means business operations or management-related data, 
    generally from defense business systems, in a usable format that is 
    automatically accessible by authorized personnel and organizations.
        ``(11) Data governance process.--The term `data governance 
    process' means a system to manage the timely Department of Defense-
    wide sharing of data described under subsection (a)(6)(A).''.
    (b) Duties of Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--Section 
135(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in the second 
sentence by inserting after ``shall perform'' the following: ``the 
duties assigned to the Under Secretary in section 2222 of this title 
and''.
    (c) Duties of Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.--
Section 139a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(9) Performing the duties assigned to the Director in section 
    2222 of this title.''.
    (d) Implementation Plan for Common Enterprise Data.--
        (1) Plan required.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Secretary of Defense, acting 
    through the Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, 
    shall develop a plan to implement the amendments made by subsection 
    (a).
        (2) Elements.--At a minimum, the implementation plan required 
    by paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
            (A) The major tasks required to implement the requirements 
        imposed by the amendments made by subsection (a) and the 
        recommended time frames for each task.
            (B) The estimated resources required to complete each major 
        task identified pursuant to subparagraph (A).
            (C) Any challenges associated with each major task 
        identified pursuant to subparagraph (A) and related steps to 
        mitigate such challenge.
            (D) A description of how data security issues will be 
        appropriately addressed in the implementation of such 
        requirements.
            (E) A review of the curriculum taught at the National 
        Defense University, the Defense Acquisition University, 
        professional military educational institutions, and appropriate 
        private sector academic institutions to determine the extent to 
        which the curricula include appropriate courses on data 
        management, data analytics and other evaluation-related 
        methods.
        (3) Role of under secretary of defense (comptroller).--The 
    Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall ensure that the 
    implementation plan required by paragraph (1) does not conflict 
    with the financial statement audit priorities and timeline of the 
    Department of Defense.
        (4) Submission to congress.--Upon completion of the 
    implementation plan required by paragraph (1), the Chief Management 
    Officer shall submit the plan to the congressional defense 
    committees.
    (e) Application of New Authorities Required.--
        (1) Data analytics capability required.--Not later than 
    September 30, 2020, the Chief Management Officer of the Department 
    of Defense shall establish and maintain within the Department of 
    Defense a data analytics capability for purposes of supporting 
    enhanced oversight and management of the Defense Agencies and 
    Department of Defense Field Activities.
        (2) Elements.--The data analytics capability shall permit the 
    following:
            (A) The maintenance on a continuing basis of an accurate 
        tabulation of the amounts expended by the Defense Agencies and 
        Department of Defense Field Activities on Government and 
        contractor personnel.
            (B) The maintenance on a continuing basis of an accurate 
        number of the personnel currently supporting the Defense 
        Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, including 
        the following:
                (i) Members of the regular components of the Armed 
            Forces.
                (ii) Members of the reserve components of the Armed 
            Forces.
                (iii) Civilian employees of the Department of Defense.
                (iv) Detailees, whether from another organization or 
            element of the Department or from another department or 
            agency of the Federal Government.
            (C) The tracking of costs for employing contract personnel, 
        including federally funded research and development centers.
            (D) The maintenance on a continuing basis of the following:
                (i) An identification of the functions being performed 
            by each Defense Agency and Department of Defense Field 
            Activity.
                (ii) An accurate tabulation of the amounts being 
            expended by each Defense Agency and Department of Defense 
            Field Activity on its functions.
        (3) Reporting requirements.--
            (A) Interim report.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Chief Management Officer of 
        the Department of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on progress in establishing the 
        data analytics capability. The report shall include the 
        following:
                (i) A description and assessment of the efforts of the 
            Chief Management Officer through the date of the report to 
            establish the data analytics capability.
                (ii) A description of current gaps in the data required 
            to establish the data analytics capability, and a 
            description of the efforts to be undertaken to eliminate 
            such gaps.
            (B) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
        Chief Management Officer shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the data analytics capability as 
        established pursuant to this section.
    (f) Additional Pilot Programs Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out pilot 
    programs to develop data integration strategies for the Department 
    of Defense to address high-priority management challenges of the 
    Department.
        (2) Elements.--The pilot programs carried out under the 
    authority of this subsection shall involve data integration 
    strategies to address challenges of the Department with respect to 
    the following:
            (A) The budget of the Department.
            (B) Logistics.
            (C) Personnel security and insider threats.
            (D) At least two other high-priority challenges of the 
        Department identified by the Secretary for purposes of this 
        subsection.
        (3) Report on pilot programs.--Not later than one year after 
    the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
    describing the pilot programs to be carried out under this section, 
    including the challenge of the Department to be addressed by the 
    pilot program and the manner in which the data integration strategy 
    under the pilot program will address the challenge. If any proposed 
    pilot program requires legislative action for the waiver or 
    modification of a statutory requirement that otherwise prevents or 
    impedes the implementation of the pilot program, the Secretary 
    shall include in the report a recommendation for legislative action 
    to waive or modify the statutory requirement.
    SEC. 913. ESTABLISHMENT OF SET OF ACTIVITIES THAT USE DATA 
      ANALYSIS, MEASUREMENT, AND OTHER EVALUATION-RELATED METHODS TO 
      IMPROVE ACQUISITION PROGRAM OUTCOMES.
    (a) Establishment Required.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a set of activities that use data analysis, measurement, and other 
evaluation-related methods to improve the acquisition outcomes of the 
Department of Defense and enhance organizational learning.
    (b) Types of Activities.--The set of activities established under 
subsection (a) may include any or all of the following: --
        (1) Establishment of data analytics capabilities and 
    organizations within an Armed Force.
        (2) Development of capabilities in Department of Defense 
    laboratories, test centers, and federally funded research and 
    development centers to provide technical support for data analytics 
    activities that support acquisition program management and business 
    process re-engineering activities.
        (3) Increased use of existing analytical capabilities available 
    to acquisition programs and offices to support improved acquisition 
    outcomes.
        (4) Funding of intramural and extramural research and 
    development activities to develop and implement data analytics 
    capabilities in support of improved acquisition outcomes.
        (5) Publication, to the maximum extent practicable, and in a 
    manner that protects classified and proprietary information, of 
    data collected by the Department of Defense related to acquisition 
    program costs and activities for access and analyses by the general 
    public or Department research and education organizations.
        (6) Promulgation by the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief 
    of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the 
    Commandant of the Marine Corps, in coordination with the Deputy 
    Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
    and Engineering, and the Under Secretary for Acquisition and 
    Sustainment, of a consistent policy as to the role of data 
    analytics in establishing budgets and making milestone decisions 
    for major defense acquisition programs.
        (7) Continual assessment, in consultation with the private 
    sector, of the efficiency of current data collection and analyses 
    processes, so as to minimize the requirement for collection and 
    delivery of data by, from, and to Government organizations.
        (8) Promulgation of guidance to acquisition programs and 
    activities on the efficient use, quality, and sharing of enterprise 
    data between programs and organizations to improve acquisition 
    program analytics and outcomes.
        (9) Establishment of focused research and educational 
    activities at the Defense Acquisition University, and appropriate 
    private sector academic institutions, to support enhanced use of 
    data management, data analytics, and other evaluation-related 
    methods to improve acquisition outcomes.

  Subtitle C--Organization of Other Department of Defense Offices and 
                                Elements

    SEC. 921. QUALIFICATIONS FOR APPOINTMENT OF ASSISTANT SECRETARIES 
      OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT.
    (a) Assistant Secretary of the Army.--Section 3016(b)(4) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(4)'';
        (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
    principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
    ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
        (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
    paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
    ``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among persons 
who have significant budget, financial management, or audit experience 
in complex organizations.''.
    (b) Assistant Secretary of the Navy.--Section 5016(b)(3) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
        (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
    principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
    ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
        (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
    paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
    ``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among persons 
who have significant budget, financial management, or audit experience 
in complex organizations.''.
    (c) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force.--Section 8016(b)(3) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
        (2) by striking ``The Assistant Secretary shall have as his 
    principal responsibility'' and inserting the following:
    ``(C) The principal responsibility of the Assistant Secretary shall 
be''; and
        (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as designated by 
    paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (B):
    ``(B) The Assistant Secretary shall be appointed from among persons 
who have significant budget, financial management, or audit experience 
in complex organizations.''.
    (d) Applicability.--The appointment qualifications imposed by the 
amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to an 
appointment as an Assistant Secretary of a military department for 
financial management that is made on or after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    SEC. 922. MANNER OF CARRYING OUT REDUCTIONS IN MAJOR DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES PURSUANT TO HEADQUARTERS 
      REDUCTION PLAN.
    Section 346(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 796; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) Manner of carrying out reductions.--
            ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement 
        the headquarters reduction plan referred to in paragraph (1), 
        as modified pursuant to that paragraph, so that reductions in 
        major Department of Defense headquarters activities pursuant to 
        the plan are carried out only after consideration of--
                ``(i) the current manpower levels of major Department 
            of Defense headquarters activities;
                ``(ii) the historic manpower levels of major Department 
            of Defense headquarters activities;
                ``(iii) the mission requirements of major Department of 
            Defense headquarters activities; and
                ``(iv) the anticipated staffing needs of major 
            Department of Defense headquarters activities necessary to 
            meet national defense objectives.
            ``(B) Conforming modification of plan for achievement of 
        cost savings.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify the plan 
        for achievement of cost savings required by subsection (a) to 
        take into account the requirement specified in subparagraph 
        (A).''.
    SEC. 923. CERTIFICATIONS ON COST SAVINGS ACHIEVED BY REDUCTIONS IN 
      MAJOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES.
    Section 346(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 796 10 U.S.C. 111 note), as 
amended by section 922, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
        ``(6) Certifications on cost savings achieved.--Not later than 
    120 days after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, and not 
    later than 60 days after the end of each of fiscal years 2018 
    through 2020, the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
    Evaluation shall certify to the Secretary of Defense, and to the 
    congressional defense committees, the following:
            ``(A) The validity of the cost savings achieved for each 
        major Department of Defense headquarters activity during the 
        previous fiscal year, including the cost of personnel detailed 
        by another Department entity to the headquarters activity.
            ``(B) Whether the cost savings achieved for each major 
        Department of Defense headquarters activity during that fiscal 
        year met the savings objective for the headquarters activity 
        for that fiscal year, as established pursuant to paragraph 
        (1).''.
    SEC. 924. CORROSION CONTROL AND PREVENTION EXECUTIVES MATTERS.
    (a) Scope and Level of Positions.--Section 903(a) of the Duncan 
Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public 
Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2228 note) is amended--
        (1) by striking ``shall be the senior official'' and inserting 
    ``shall be a senior official''; and
        (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``Each 
    individual so designated shall be a senior civilian employee of the 
    military department concerned in pay grade GS-15 or higher.''.
    (b) Qualifications.--Section 903 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
U.S.C. 2228 note) is further amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
    subsection (b):
    ``(b) Qualifications.--Any individual designated as a corrosion 
control and prevention executive of a military department pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall--
        ``(1) have a working knowledge of corrosion prevention and 
    control;
        ``(2) have strong program management and communication skills; 
    and
        ``(3) understand the acquisition, research, development, test, 
    and evaluation, and sustainment policies and procedures of the 
    military department, including for the sustainment of 
    infrastructure.''.
    SEC. 925. BACKGROUND AND SECURITY INVESTIGATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
      DEFENSE PERSONNEL.
    (a) Transition To Discharge by Defense Security Service.--
        (1) Secretarial authority.--The Secretary of Defense has the 
    authority to conduct security, suitability, and credentialing 
    background investigations for Department of Defense personnel. In 
    carrying out such authority, the Secretary may use such authority, 
    or may delegate such authority to another entity.
        (2) Phased transition.--As part of providing for the conduct of 
    background investigations initiated by the Department of Defense 
    through the Defense Security Service by not later than the deadline 
    specified in subsection (b), the Secretary shall, in consultation 
    with the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, provide 
    for a phased transition from the conduct of such investigations by 
    the National Background Investigations Bureau of the Office of 
    Personnel Management to the conduct of such investigations by the 
    Defense Security Service by that deadline.
        (3) Transition elements.--The phased transition required by 
    paragraph (2) shall--
            (A) provide for the transition of the conduct of 
        investigations to the Defense Security Service using a risk 
        management approach; and
            (B) be consistent with the transition from legacy 
        information technology operated by the Office of Personnel 
        Management to the new information technology, including the 
        National Background Investigations System, as described in 
        subsection (f).
    (b) Commencement of Implementation Plan for Ongoing Discharge of 
Investigations Through DSS.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall commence carrying out the implementation 
plan developed pursuant to section 951(a)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2371; 10 U.S.C. 1564 note).
    (c) Transfer of Certain Functions Within DoD to DSS.--
        (1) Transfer required.--For purposes of meeting the 
    requirements in subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense 
    shall transfer to the Defense Security Service the functions, 
    personnel, and associated resources of the following organizations:
            (A) The Consolidated Adjudications Facility.
            (B) Other organizations identified by the Secretary for 
        purposes of this paragraph.
        (2) Supporting organizations.--In addition to the organizations 
    identified pursuant to paragraph (1), the following organizations 
    shall prioritize resources to directly support the execution of 
    requirements in subsections (a) and (b):
            (A) The Office of Cost Analysis and Program Evaluation.
            (B) The Defense Digital Service.
            (C) Other organizations designated by the Secretary for 
        purposes of this paragraph.
        (3) Timing and manner of transfer.--The Secretary--
            (A) may carry out the transfer required by paragraph (1) at 
        any time before the date specified in subsection (b) that the 
        Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of this section; 
        and
            (B) shall carry out the transfer in a manner designed to 
        minimize disruptions to the conduct of background 
        investigations for personnel of the Department of Defense.
    (d) Transfer of Certain Functions in OPM to DSS.--
        (1) In general.--For purposes of meeting the requirements in 
    subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary of Defense shall provide for 
    the transfer of the functions described in paragraph (2), and any 
    associated personnel and resources, to the Department of Defense.
        (2) Functions.--The functions to be transferred pursuant to 
    paragraph (1) are the following:
            (A) Any personnel security investigations functions 
        transferred by the Secretary to the Director of the Office of 
        Personnel Management pursuant to section 906 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-
        136; 5 U.S.C. 1101 note).
            (B) Any other functions of the Office of Personnel 
        Management in connection with background investigations 
        initiated by the Department of Defense that the Secretary and 
        the Director jointly consider appropriate.
        (3) Assessment.--In carrying out the transfer of functions 
    pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary shall conduct a 
    comprehensive assessment of workforce requirements for both the 
    Department of Defense and the National Background Investigations 
    Bureau synchronized to the transition plan, including a forecast of 
    workforce needs across the current future-years defense plan for 
    the Department. Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    appropriate congressional committees a report containing the 
    results of the assessment.
        (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall carry out paragraphs 
    (1), (2), and (3) in consultation with the Director of the Office 
    of Personnel Management and the Director of the Office of 
    Management and Budget.
        (5) Location within dod.--Any functions transferred to the 
    Department of Defense pursuant to this subsection shall be located 
    within the Defense Security Service.
    (e) Conduct of Certain Actions.--For purposes of the conduct of 
background investigations following the commencement of carrying out 
the implementation plan referred to in subsection (b), the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide for the following:
        (1) A single capability for the centralized funding, 
    submissions, and processing of all background investigations, from 
    within the Defense Security Service.
        (2) The discharge by the Consolidated Adjudications Facility, 
    from within the Defense Security Service pursuant to transfer under 
    subsection (c), of adjudications in connection with the following:
            (A) Background investigations.
            (B) Continuous evaluation and vetting checks.
    (f) Enhancement of Information Technology Capabilities of NBIS.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
    review of the information technology capabilities of the National 
    Background Investigations System in order to determine whether 
    enhancements to such capabilities are required for the following:
            (A) Support for background investigations pursuant to this 
        section and section 951 of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2371; 
        10 U.S.C. 1564 note).
            (B) Support of the National Background Investigations 
        Bureau.
            (C) Execution of the conduct of background investigations 
        initiated by the Department of Defense pursuant to this 
        section, including submissions and adjudications.
        (2) Common component.--In providing for the transition and 
    operation of the National Background Investigations System as 
    described in paragraph (1)(C), the Secretary shall develop a common 
    component of the System usable for background investigations by 
    both the Defense Security Service and the National Background 
    Investigations Bureau.
        (3) Enhancements.--If the review pursuant to paragraph (1) 
    determines that enhancements described in that paragraph are 
    required, the Secretary shall carry out such enhancements.
        (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall carry out this 
    subsection in consultation with the Director of the Office of 
    Personnel Management.
    (g) Use of Certain Private Industry Data.--In carrying out 
background and security investigations pursuant to this section and 
section 951 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2371; 10 U.S.C. 1564 note), the 
Secretary of Defense may use background materials collected on 
individuals by the private sector, in accordance with national policies 
and standards, that are applicable to such investigations, including 
materials as follows:
        (1) Financial information, including credit scores and credit 
    status.
        (2) Criminal records.
        (3) Drug screening.
        (4) Verifications of information on resumes and employment 
    applications, such as previous employers, educational achievement, 
    and educational institutions attended.
        (5) Other publicly available electronic information.
    (h) Security Clearances for Contractor Personnel.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
    requirements of the Department of Defense relating to position 
    sensitivity designations for contractor personnel in order to 
    determine whether such requirements may be reassessed or modified 
    to reduce the number and range of contractor personnel who are 
    issued security clearances in connection with work under contracts 
    with the Department.
        (2) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance to program 
    managers, contracting officers, and security personnel of the 
    Department specifying requirements for the review of contractor 
    position sensitivity designations and the number of contractor 
    personnel of the Department who are issued security clearances for 
    the purposes of determining whether the number of such personnel 
    who are issued security clearances should and can be reduced.
    (i) Personnel To Support the Transfer of Functions.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall authorize the Director of the Defense Security Service 
to promptly increase the number of personnel of the Defense Security 
Service for the purpose of beginning the establishment and expansion of 
investigative capacity to support the phased transfer of investigative 
functions from the Office of Personnel Management to the Department of 
Defense under this section. The Director of Cost Analysis and Program 
Assessment shall advise the Secretary on the size of the initial 
investigative workforce and the rate of growth of that workforce.
    (j) Report on Future Periodic Reinvestigations, Insider Threat, and 
Continuous Vetting.--
        (1) Report required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the appropriate congressional committees a report that includes the 
    following:
            (A) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        periodic reinvestigations of backgrounds of Government and 
        contractor personnel with security clearances, including 
        lessons from all of the continuous evaluation pilots being 
        conducted throughout the Government, and identification of new 
        or additional data sources and data analytic tools needed for 
        improving current continuous evaluation or vetting 
        capabilities.
            (B) A plan to provide the Government with an enhanced risk 
        management model that reduces the gaps in coverage perpetuated 
        by the current time-based periodic reinvestigations model, 
        particularly in light of the increasing use of continuous 
        background evaluations of personnel referred to in subparagraph 
        (A).
            (C) A plan for expanding continuous background vetting 
        capabilities, such as the Installation Matching Engine for 
        Security and Analysis, to the broader population, including 
        those at the lowest tiers and levels of access, which plan 
        shall include details to ensure that all individuals 
        credentialed for physical access to Department of Defense 
        facilities and installations are vetted to the same level of 
        fitness determinations and subject to appropriate continuous 
        vetting.
            (D) A plan to fully integrate and incorporate insider 
        threat data, tools, and capabilities into the new end-to-end 
        vetting processes and supporting information technology 
        established by the Defense Security Service to ensure a 
        holistic and transformational approach to detecting, deterring, 
        and mitigating threats posed by trusted insiders.
        (2) Consultation.--The Secretary shall prepare the report under 
    paragraph (1) in consultation with the Director of National 
    Intelligence and the Director of the Office of Personnel 
    Management.
    (k) Quarterly and Annual Briefings and Reports.--
        (1) Annual assessment of timeliness.--Not later than December 
    31, 2018, and each December 31 thereafter through the date 
    specified in paragraph (4), the Security Executive Agent, in 
    coordination with the Chair and other Principals of the Security, 
    Suitability, and Credentialing Performance Accountability Council, 
    shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on 
    the timeliness of personnel security clearance initiations, 
    investigations, and adjudications, by clearance level, for both 
    initial investigations and periodic reinvestigations during the 
    prior fiscal year for Government and contractor employees, 
    including the following:
            (A) The average periods of time taken by each authorized 
        investigative agency and authorized adjudicative agency to 
        initiate cases, conduct investigations, and adjudicate cases as 
        compared with established timeliness objectives, from the date 
        a completed security clearance application is received to the 
        date of adjudication and notification to the subject and the 
        subject's employer.
            (B) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
        reinvestigations initiated and adjudicated by each authorized 
        adjudicative agency.
            (C) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
        reinvestigations carried over from prior fiscal years by each 
        authorized investigative and adjudicative agency.
            (D) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
        reinvestigations that resulted in a denial or revocation of a 
        security clearance by each authorized adjudicative agency.
            (E) The costs to the executive branch related to personnel 
        security clearance initiations, investigations, adjudications, 
        revocations, and continuous evaluation.
            (F) A discussion of any impediments to the timely 
        processing of personnel security clearances.
            (G) The number of clearance holders enrolled in continuous 
        evaluation and the numbers and types of adverse actions taken 
        as a result by each authorized adjudicative agency.
            (H) The number of personnel security clearance cases, both 
        initial investigations and periodic reinvestigations, awaiting 
        or under investigation by the National Background 
        Investigations Bureau.
            (I) Other information as appropriate, including any 
        recommendations to improve the timeliness and efficiency of 
        personnel security clearance initiations, investigations, and 
        adjudications.
        (2) Quarterly briefings.--Not later than the end of each 
    calendar-year quarter beginning after January 1, 2018, through the 
    date specified in paragraph (4), the Secretary of Defense shall 
    provide the appropriate congressional committees a briefing on the 
    progress of the Secretary in carrying out the requirements of this 
    section during that calendar-year quarter. Until the backlog of 
    security clearance applications at the National Background 
    Investigations Bureau is eliminated, each quarterly briefing shall 
    also include the current status of the backlog and the resulting 
    mission and resource impact to the Department of Defense and the 
    defense industrial base. Until the phased transition described in 
    subsection (a) is complete, each quarterly briefing shall also 
    include identification of any resources planned for movement from 
    the National Background Investigations Bureau to the Department of 
    Defense during the next calendar-year quarter.
        (3) Annual reports.--Not later than December 31, 2018, and each 
    December 31 thereafter through the date specified in paragraph (4), 
    the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
    congressional committees a report on the following for the calendar 
    year in which the report is to be submitted:
            (A) The status of the Secretary in meeting the requirements 
        in subsections (a), (b), and (c).
            (B) The status of any transfers to be carried out pursuant 
        to subsection (d).
            (C) An assessment of the personnel security capabilities of 
        the Department of Defense.
            (D) The average periods of time taken by each authorized 
        investigative agency and authorized adjudicative agency to 
        initiate cases, conduct investigations, and adjudicate cases as 
        compared with established timeliness objectives, from the date 
        a completed security clearance application is received to the 
        date of adjudication and notification to the subject and the 
        subject's employer.
            (E) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
        reinvestigations initiated and adjudicated by each authorized 
        adjudicative agency.
            (F) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
        reinvestigations carried over from prior fiscal years by each 
        authorized investigative and adjudicative agency.
            (G) The number of initial investigations and periodic 
        reinvestigations that resulted in a denial or revocation of a 
        security clearance by each authorized adjudicative agency.
            (H) The costs to the Department of Defense related to 
        personnel security clearance initiations, investigations, 
        adjudications, revocations, and continuous evaluation.
            (I) A discussion of any impediments to the timely 
        processing of personnel security clearances.
            (J) The number of clearance holders enrolled in continuous 
        evaluation and the numbers and types of adverse actions taken 
        as a result.
            (K) The number of personnel security clearance cases, both 
        initial investigations and periodic reinvestigations, awaiting 
        or under investigation by the National Background 
        Investigations Bureau.
            (L) Other information that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate, including any recommendations to improve the 
        timeliness and efficiency of personnel security clearance 
        initiations, investigations, and adjudications.
        (4) Termination.--No briefing or report is required under this 
    subsection after December 31, 2021.
    (l) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
        (1) the Committees on Armed Services, Appropriations, Homeland 
    Security and Governmental Affairs, and the Select Committee on 
    Intelligence of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committees on Armed Services, Appropriations, Oversight 
    and Government Reform, and the Permanent Select Committee on 
    Intelligence of the House of Representatives.

            Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Reporting Requirements

    SEC. 931. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS IN REPORTS ON POLICY, ORGANIZATION, 
      AND MANAGEMENT GOALS OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR THE 
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Section 912(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2349) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(D) A civilian operating force structure sized for 
        operational effectiveness that is manned, equipped, and trained 
        to support deployment time and rotation ratios that sustain the 
        readiness and needed retention levels of the regular and 
        reserve components of the Armed Forces.
            ``(E) The hiring authorities and other actions that the 
        Secretary of Defense or the Secretaries of the military 
        departments will take to eliminate any gaps between desired 
        programmed civilian workforce levels and the current size of 
        the civilian workforce, set forth by mission and functional 
        area.''.
    SEC. 932. REPORT AND SENSE OF CONGRESS ON RESPONSIBILITY FOR 
      DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND EVALUATION WITHIN THE OFFICE OF THE 
      SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Report on Plans to Address Developmental Test and Evaluation 
Responsibilities Within the Office of the Secretary of Defense.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives a report containing a strategy to ensure that there 
    is sufficient expertise, oversight, and policy direction on 
    developmental test and evaluation within the Office of the 
    Secretary of Defense after the completion of the reorganization of 
    such Office required under section 901 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
    Stat. 2339).
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    address the following:
            (A) The structure of the roles and responsibilities of the 
        senior Department of Defense official responsible for 
        developmental test and evaluation, as distinct from operational 
        test and evaluation or systems engineering.
            (B) The location of the senior Department of Defense 
        official responsible for developmental test and evaluation 
        within the organizational structure of the Office of the 
        Secretary of Defense.
            (C) An estimate of personnel and other resources that 
        should be made available to the senior Department of Defense 
        official responsible for developmental test and evaluation to 
        ensure that such official can provide independent expertise, 
        oversight, and policy direction and guidance Department of 
        Defense-wide.
            (D) Methods to ensure that the senior Department of Defense 
        official responsible for developmental test and evaluation will 
        be empowered to facilitate Department of Defense-wide 
        efficiencies by helping programs to optimize test designs and 
        activities, including ensuring access to program data and 
        participation in acquisition program oversight.
            (E) Methods to ensure that an advocate for test and 
        evaluation workforce will continue to exist within the 
        acquisition workforce.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
        (1) developmental testing is critical to reducing acquisition 
    program risk by providing valuable information to support sound 
    decision making;
        (2) major defense acquisition programs often do not conduct 
    enough developmental testing, so too many problems are first 
    identified during operational testing, when they are expensive and 
    time-consuming to fix; and
        (3) in order to ensure that effective developmental testing is 
    conducted on major defense acquisition programs, the Secretary of 
    Defense should--
            (A) carefully consider where the senior Department of 
        Defense official responsible for developmental test and 
        evaluation is located within the organizational structure of 
        the Office of the Secretary of Defense; and
            (B) ensure that such official has sufficient authority and 
        resources to provide oversight and policy direction on 
        developmental test and evaluation Department of Defense-wide.
    SEC. 933. REPORT ON OFFICE OF CORROSION POLICY AND OVERSIGHT.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report--
        (1) evaluating the continued need for the Office of Corrosion 
    Policy and Oversight; and
        (2) containing a recommendation regarding whether to retain or 
    terminate the Office.
    (b) Assessment.--As part of the report required by subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall conduct an assessment to determine 
whether there is duplication in matters relating to corrosion 
prevention and control and mitigation of corrosion of the military 
equipment and infrastructure of the Department of Defense between the 
Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight and other elements of the 
Department, including, in particular, the Corrosion Control and 
Prevention Executives of the military departments.
    (c) Recommendation.--If the report required by subsection (a) 
includes a recommendation to terminate the Office of Corrosion Policy 
and Oversight, the Secretary of Defense shall include recommendations 
for such additional authorities, if any, for the military departments 
and the Armed Forces as the Secretary considers appropriate to ensure 
the proper discharge by the Department of Defense of functions relating 
to corrosion prevention and control and mitigation of corrosion in the 
absence of the Office.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

    SEC. 941. COMMISSION ON THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY FOR THE 
      UNITED STATES.
    (a) Extension of Deadlines for Reporting and Briefing 
Requirements.--Section 942(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2368) is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 1, 2017'' and 
    inserting ``July 1, 2018''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``June 1, 2017'' and 
    inserting ``March 1, 2018''.
    (b) Treatment of Commission.--Section 942 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2368) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Legislative Advisory Committee.--The Commission shall operate 
as a legislative advisory committee and shall not be subject to the 
provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Public Law 92-463; 5 
U.S.C. App.) or section 552b of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
known as the Government in the Sunshine Act).''.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Consolidation, codification, and improvement of certain 
          authorities and requirements in connection with the audit of 
          the financial statements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1003. Improper payment matters.
Sec. 1004. Rankings of auditability of financial statements of the 
          organizations and elements of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Financial operations dashboard for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1006. Review and recommendations on efforts to obtain audit opinion 
          on full financial statements.
Sec. 1007. Notification requirement for certain contracts for audit 
          services.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Extension of authority to support a unified counterdrug and 
          counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1012. Venue for prosecution of maritime drug trafficking.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1021. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1022. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for multiyear 
          procurement of certain critical components.
Sec. 1023. Operational readiness of littoral combat ships on extended 
          deployment.
Sec. 1024. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
          Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing ships.
Sec. 1025. Policy of the United States on minimum number of battle force 
          ships.
Sec. 1026. Surveying ships.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority on support of special operations to 
          combat terrorism.
Sec. 1032. Termination of requirement to submit annual budget 
          justification display for Department of Defense combating 
          terrorism program.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
          in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
          individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1036. Prohibition on use of funds to close or relinquish control of 
          United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1037. Sense of Congress regarding providing for timely victim and 
          family testimony in military commission trials.
Sec. 1038. Report on public availability of military commissions 
          proceedings.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Limitation on expenditure of funds for emergency and 
          extraordinary expenses for intelligence and counter-
          intelligence activities.
Sec. 1042. Matters relating to the submittal of future-years defense 
          programs.
Sec. 1043. Modifications to humanitarian demining assistance 
          authorities.
Sec. 1044. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
          traveling through channel routes.
Sec. 1045. Prohibition on lobbying activities with respect to the 
          Department of Defense by certain officers of the Armed Forces 
          and civilian employees of the Department following separation 
          from military service or employment with the Department.
Sec. 1046. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy maritime 
          mine countermeasures platforms.
Sec. 1047. Report on western Pacific Ocean ship depot maintenance 
          capability and capacity.
Sec. 1048. Annual training regarding the influence campaign of the 
          Russian Federation.
Sec. 1049. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1051. Elimination of reporting requirements terminated after 
          November 25, 2017, pursuant to section 1080 of the National 
          Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.
Sec. 1052. Report on transfer of defense articles to units committing 
          gross violations of human rights.
Sec. 1053. Report on the National Biodefense Analysis and 
          Countermeasures Center.
Sec. 1054. Report on Department of Defense Arctic capability and 
          resource gaps and required infrastructure.
Sec. 1055. Review and assessment of Department of Defense personnel 
          recovery and nonconventional assisted recovery mechanisms.
Sec. 1056. Mine warfare readiness inspection plan and report.
Sec. 1057. Annual report on civilian casualties in connection with 
          United States military operations.
Sec. 1058. Report on Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex modernization.
Sec. 1059. Report on alternatives to aqueous film forming foam.
Sec. 1060. Assessment of global force posture.
Sec. 1061. Army modernization strategy.
Sec. 1062. Report on Army plan to improve operational unit readiness by 
          reducing number of non-deployable soldiers assigned to 
          operational units.
Sec. 1063. Efforts to combat physiological episodes on certain Navy 
          aircraft.
Sec. 1064. Studies on aircraft inventories for the Air Force.
Sec. 1065. Department of Defense review of Navy capabilities in the 
          Arctic region.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of maritime intelligence, surveillance, 
          reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities.
Sec. 1067. Report on the need for a Joint Chemical-Biological Defense 
          Logistics Center.
Sec. 1068. Missile Technology Control Regime Category I unmanned aerial 
          vehicle systems.
Sec. 1069. Recommendations for interagency vetting of foreign 
          investments affecting national security.
Sec. 1070. Briefing on prior attempted Russian cyber attacks against 
          defense systems.
Sec. 1071. Enhanced analytical and monitoring capability of the defense 
          industrial base.
Sec. 1072. Report on defense of combat logistics and strategic mobility 
          forces.
Sec. 1073. Report on acquisition strategy to recapitalize the existing 
          system for undersea fixed surveillance.
Sec. 1074. Report on implementation of requirements in connection with 
          the organization of the Department of Defense for management 
          of special operations forces and special operations.
Sec. 1075. Report on the global food system and vulnerabilities relevant 
          to Department of Defense missions.

              Subtitle G--Modernizing Government Technology

Sec. 1076. Definitions.
Sec. 1077. Establishment of agency information technology systems 
          modernization and working capital funds.
Sec. 1078. Establishment of technology modernization fund and board.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Clarification of applicability of certain provisions of law 
          to civilian judges of the United States Court of Military 
          Commission Review.
Sec. 1083. Modification of requirement relating to conversion of certain 
          military technician (dual status) positions to civilian 
          positions.
Sec. 1084. National Guard accessibility to Department of Defense issued 
          unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1085. Sense of Congress regarding aircraft carriers.
Sec. 1086. Sense of Congress recognizing the United States Navy Seabees.
Sec. 1087. Construction of memorial to the crew of the Apollo I launch 
          test accident at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1088. Department of Defense engagement with covered non-Federal 
          entities.
Sec. 1089. Prize competition to identify root cause of physiological 
          episodes on Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force training and 
          operational aircraft.
Sec. 1090. Providing assistance to House of Representatives in response 
          to cybersecurity events.
Sec. 1091. Transfer of surplus firearms to Corporation for the Promotion 
          of Rifle Practice and Firearms Safety.
Sec. 1092. Collaboration between Federal Aviation Administration and 
          Department of Defense on unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 1093. Carriage of certain programming.
Sec. 1094. National strategy for countering violent extremism.
Sec. 1095. Sense of Congress regarding World War I.
Sec. 1096. Notice to Congress of terms of Department of Defense 
          settlement agreements.
Sec. 1097. Office of Special Counsel reauthorization.
Sec. 1098. Air transportation of civilian Department of Defense 
          personnel to and from Afghanistan.

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.
    (a) Authority To Transfer Authorizations.--
        (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of Defense 
    that such action is necessary in the national interest, the 
    Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made available to 
    the Department of Defense in this division for fiscal year 2018 
    between any such authorizations for that fiscal year (or any 
    subdivisions thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred 
    shall be merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
    authorization to which transferred.
        (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the total 
    amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer under the 
    authority of this section may not exceed $4,500,000,000.
        (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
    authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
    authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
    dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
        (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that have a 
    higher priority than the items from which authority is transferred; 
    and
        (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that has 
    been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
SEC. 1002. CONSOLIDATION, CODIFICATION, AND IMPROVEMENT OF CERTAIN 
AUTHORITIES AND REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH THE AUDIT OF THE 
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    (a) Establishment of New Chapter on Audit.--
        (1) In general.--Part I of subtitle A of title 10, United 
    States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 9 the following 
    new chapter:

                          ``CHAPTER 9A--AUDIT

``Sec.
``251. Audit of Department of Defense financial statements.
``252. Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan.
``253. Audit: consolidated corrective action plan; centralized reporting 
          system.
``254. Audits: audit of financial statements of Department of Defense 
          components by independent external auditors.
``254a. Audits: use of commercial data integration and analysis products 
          in preparing audits.
``254b. Audits: selection of service providers for audit services.''.

        (2) Clerical amendments.--The tables of chapters at the 
    beginning of subtitle A of title 10, United States Code, and part I 
    of such subtitle, are each amended by inserting after the item 
    relating to chapter 9 the following new item:

``9A. Audit.......................................................251''.

    (b) Requirement for Audit of Financial Statements.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, as 
    added by subsection (a), is amended by inserting after the table of 
    sections a new section 251 as follows:
``Sec. 251. Audit of Department of Defense financial statements
    ``(a) Annual Audit Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that a full audit is performed on the financial statements of the 
Department of Defense for each fiscal year as required by section 
3521(e) of title 31.
    ``(b) Annual Report on Audit.--The Secretary shall submit to 
Congress the results of the audit performed in accordance with 
subsection (a) for a fiscal year by not later than March 31 of the 
following fiscal year.''.
        (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 1003 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 
    Stat. 842; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is repealed.
    (c) Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, as 
    added and amended by this section, is further amended by inserting 
    after section 251, as added by subsection (b), a new section 252 
    consisting of--
            (A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 252. Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan''; and
            (B) a text consisting subsection (a) of section 1003 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (10 
        U.S.C. 2222 note).
        (2) Amendments in connection with codification.--Subsection (a) 
    of section 252 of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
    paragraph (1), is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``develop and''; and
            (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``of title 10, United 
        States Code'' and inserting ``of this title''.
        (3) Improvements.--Such section 252, as added and amended by 
    this subsection, is further amended--
            (A) in the subsection headings for subsection (a), by 
        striking ``Financial Improvement and Audit Readiness Plan'' and 
        inserting ``Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan'';
            (B) in subsection (a)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Financial 
            Improvement and Audit Readiness Plan'' and inserting 
            ``Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan''; and
                (ii) in paragraph (2)--

                    (I) in subparagraph (A)--

                        (aa) by striking the matter preceding clause 
                    (i) and inserting the following:
            ``(A) describe specific actions to be taken, including 
        interim milestones with a detailed description of the 
        subordinate activities required, and estimate the costs 
        associated with--'';
                        (bb) in clause (ii), by striking ``are 
                    validated as ready for audit'' and all that follows 
                    and inserting ``go under full financial statement 
                    audit, and that the Department leadership makes 
                    every effort to reach an unmodified opinion as soon 
                    as possible;''; and
                        (cc) by adding at the end the following new 
                    clauses:
                ``(iii) achieving an unqualified audit opinion for each 
            major element of the statement of budgetary resources of 
            the Department of Defense; and
                ``(iv) addressing the existence and completeness of 
            each major category of Department of Defense assets; and'';

                    (II) in subparagraph (B)--

                        (aa) by inserting ``business'' before ``process 
                    and control'';
                        (bb) by striking ``the business enterprise 
                    architecture and transition plan required by''; and
                        (cc) by striking the semicolon at the end and 
                    inserting a period; and

                    (III) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D); and

            (C) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):
    ``(b) Report and Briefing Requirements.--
        ``(1) Annual report.--
            ``(A) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, and 
        annually thereafter, the Under Secretary of Defense 
        (Comptroller) shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the status of the implementation by the 
        Department of Defense of the Financial Improvement and Audit 
        Remediation Plan under subsection (a).
            ``(B) Elements.--Each report under subparagraph (A) shall 
        include the following:
                ``(i) An analysis of the consolidated corrective action 
            plan management summary prepared pursuant to section 253a 
            of this title.
                ``(ii) Current Department of Defense-wide information 
            on the status of corrective actions plans related to 
            critical capabilities and material weaknesses, including 
            the standard data elements recommended in the 
            implementation guide for Office of Management and Budget 
            Circular A-123, for the armed forces, military departments, 
            and Defense Agencies.
                ``(iii) A current description of the work undertaken 
            and planned to be undertaken by the Department of Defense, 
            and the military departments, Defense Agencies, and other 
            organizations and elements of the Department, to test and 
            verify transaction data pertinent to obtaining an 
            unqualified audit of their financial statements, including 
            from feeder systems.
                ``(iv) A current projected timeline of the Department 
            in connection with the audit of the full financial 
            statements of the Department, to be submitted to Congress 
            annually not later than six months after the submittal to 
            Congress of the budget of the President for a fiscal year 
            under section 1105 of title 31, including the following:

                    ``(I) The date on which the Department projects the 
                beginning of an audit of the full financial statements 
                of the Department, and the military departments, 
                Defense Agencies, and other organizations and elements 
                of the Department, for a fiscal year.
                    ``(II) The date on which the Department projects 
                the completions of audits of the full financial 
                statements of the Department, and the military 
                departments, Defense Agencies, and other organizations 
                and elements of the Department, for a fiscal year.
                    ``(III) The dates on which the Department estimates 
                it will obtain an unqualified audit opinion on the full 
                financial statements of the Department, the military 
                departments, the Defense Agencies, and other 
                organizations and elements of the Department for a 
                fiscal year.

                ``(v) A current estimate of the anticipated annual 
            costs of maintaining an unqualified audit opinion on the 
            full financial statements of the Department, the military 
            departments, the Defense Agencies, and other organizations 
            and elements of the Department for a fiscal year after an 
            unqualified audit opinion on such full financial statements 
            for a fiscal year is first obtained.
                ``(vi) A certification of the results of the audit of 
            the financial statements of the Department performed for 
            the preceding fiscal year, and a statement summarizing, 
            based on such results, the current condition of the 
            financial statements of the Department.
        ``(2) Semiannual briefings.--Not later than January 31 and June 
    30 each year, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and the 
    comptrollers of the military departments shall provide a briefing 
    to the congressional defense committees on the status of the 
    corrective action plan.
        ``(3) Critical capabilities defined.--In this subsection, the 
    term `critical capabilities' means the critical capabilities 
    described in the Department of Defense report titled `Financial 
    Improvement and Audit Readiness (FIAR) Plan Status Report' and 
    dated May 2016.''.
        (4) Conforming repeal.--Section 1003 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 is repealed.
    (d) Consolidated Corrective Action Plan.--Chapter 9A of title 10, 
United States Code, as added and amended by this section, is further 
amended by adding after section 252, as added and amended by subsection 
(c), a new section 253 consisting of--
        (1) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 253. Audit: consolidated corrective action plan; centralized 
   reporting system''; and
        (2) a text as follows:
    ``The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall--
        ``(1) on a bimonthly basis, prepare a consolidated corrective 
    action plan management summary on the status of key corrective 
    actions plans related to critical capabilities for the armed forces 
    and for the components of the Department of Defense that support 
    the armed forces; and
        ``(2) develop and maintain a centralized monitoring and 
    reporting process that captures and maintains up-to-date 
    information, including the standard data elements recommended in 
    the implementation guide for Office of Management and Budget 
    Circular A-123, for key corrective action plans and findings and 
    recommendations Department-wide that pertain to critical 
    capabilities.''.
    (e) Audit of DoD Components by Independent External Auditors.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, as 
    added and amended by this section, is further amended by adding 
    after section 253, as added and amended by subsection (d), a new 
    section 254 consisting of--
            (A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 254. Audits: audit of financial statements of Department of 
   Defense components by independent external auditors''; and
            (B) a text consisting of the text of section 1005 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
        Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 861; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note).
        (2) Amendments in connection with codification.--Section 254 of 
    title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is further 
    amended--
            (A) in subsections (d)(1)(A) and (e)(3), by striking ``, 
        United States Code''; and
            (B) in subsections (a) and (e)(2), by striking ``, United 
        States Code,''.
        (3) Improvements.--Such section 254, as added and amended by 
    this subsection, is further amended--
            (A) in subsection (d)(1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``and the Chief 
            Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' before 
            the semicolon;
                (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
            end;
                (iii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph 
            (D); and
                (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (B), the following 
            new subparagraph (C):
            ``(C) the head of each component audited; and''; and
            (B) in subsection (e)--
                (i) by striking paragraph (1); and
                (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
            paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
        (4) Conforming repeal.--Section 1005 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 is repealed.
    (f) Use of Commercial Data Integration and Analysis Products.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, as 
    added and amended by this section, is further amended by adding 
    after section 254, as added and amended by subsection (e), a new 
    section 254a consisting of--
            (A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 254a. Audits: use of commercial data integration and analysis 
    products in preparing audits''; and
            (B) a text consisting of subsections (a) and (b) of section 
        1003 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2380; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note).
        (2) Amendments in connection with codification.--Section 254a 
    of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is 
    amended--
            (A) in subsection (a)--
                (i) by striking ``of title 10, United States Code,'' 
            and inserting ``of this title''; and
                (ii) by striking ``, as soon as practicable,''; and
            (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``this deployment'' and 
        inserting ``deployment of technologies and services as 
        described in subsection (a)''.
        (3) Conforming repeal.--Section 1003 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 is repealed.
    (g) Selection of Service Providers for Audit Services.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 9A of title 10, United States Code, as 
    added and amended by this section, is further amended by adding 
    after section 254a, as added and amended by subsection (f), a new 
    section 254b consisting of--
            (A) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 254b. Audits: selection of service providers for audit 
    services''; and
            (B) a text consisting of the text of section 892 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
        Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2324; 10 U.S.C. 2331 note).
        (2) Improvement.--Section 254b of title 10, United States Code, 
    as added by paragraph (1), is amended by striking ``and audit 
    readiness services''.
        (3) Conforming repeal.--Section 892 of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 is repealed.
    (h) Repeal of Certain Requirements in Connection With Reliability 
of DoD Financial Statements.--Section 1008 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended 
by striking subsections (d), (e), and (f).
SEC. 1003. IMPROPER PAYMENT MATTERS.
    Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary 
of Defense, the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall take the 
following actions:
        (1) With regard to estimating improper payments:
            (A) Establish and implement key quality assurance 
        procedures, such as reconciliations, to ensure the completeness 
        and accuracy of sampled populations.
            (B) Revise the procedures for the sampling methodologies of 
        the Department of Defense so that such procedures--
                (i) comply with Office of Management and Budget 
            guidance and generally accepted statistical standards;
                (ii) produce statistically valid improper payment error 
            rates, statistically valid improper payment dollar 
            estimates, and appropriate confidence intervals for both; 
            and
                (iii) in meeting clauses (i) and (ii), take into 
            account the size and complexity of the transactions being 
            sampled.
        (2) With regard to identifying programs susceptible to 
    significant improper payments, conduct a risk assessment that 
    complies with the Improper Payments Elimination and Recovery Act of 
    2010 (Public Law 111-204) and the amendments made by that Act (in 
    this section collectively referred to as ``IPERA'').
        (3) With regard to reducing improper payments, establish 
    procedures that produce corrective action plans that--
            (A) comply fully with IPERA and associated Office of 
        Management and Budget guidance, including by holding 
        individuals responsible for implementing corrective actions and 
        monitoring the status of corrective actions; and
            (B) are in accordance with best practices, such as those 
        recommended by the Chief Financial Officers Council, including 
        by providing for--
                (i) measurement of the progress made toward remediating 
            root causes of improper payments; and
                (ii) communication to the Secretary of Defense and the 
            heads of departments, agencies, and organizations and 
            elements of the Department of Defense, and key 
            stakeholders, on the progress made toward remediating the 
            root causes of improper payments.
        (4) With regard to implementing recovery audits for improper 
    payments, develop and implement procedures to--
            (A) identify costs related to the recovery audits and 
        recovery efforts of the Department of Defense; and
            (B) evaluate improper payment recovery efforts in order to 
        ensure that they are cost effective.
        (5) Monitor the implementation of the revised chapter of the 
    Financial Management Regulations on recovery audits in order to 
    ensure that the Department of Defense, the military departments, 
    the Defense Agencies, and the other organizations and elements of 
    the Department of Defense either conduct recovery audits or 
    demonstrate that it is not cost effective to do so.
        (6) Develop and submit to the Office of Management and Budget 
    for approval a payment recapture audit plan that fully complies 
    with Office of Management and Budget guidance.
        (7) With regard to reporting on improper payments, design and 
    implement procedures to ensure that the annual improper payment and 
    recovery audit reporting of the Department of Defense is complete, 
    accurate, and complies with IPERA and associated Office of 
    Management and Budget guidance.
SEC. 1004. RANKINGS OF AUDITABILITY OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF THE 
ORGANIZATIONS AND ELEMENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination with the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report setting forth a ranking of the auditability of the 
financial statements of the departments, agencies, organizations, and 
elements of the Department of Defense according to the progress made 
toward achieving auditability as required by law. The Under Secretary 
shall determine the criteria to be used for purposes of the rankings.
SEC. 1005. FINANCIAL OPERATIONS DASHBOARD FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF 
DEFENSE.
    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall 
develop and maintain on an Internet website available to Department of 
Defense agencies a tool (commonly referred to as a ``dashboard)'' to 
permit officials to track key indicators of the financial performance 
of the Department of Defense. Such key indicators may include 
outstanding accounts payable, abnormal accounts payable, outstanding 
advances, unmatched disbursements, abnormal undelivered orders, 
negative unliquidated obligations, violations of sections 1341 and 
1517(a) of title 31, United States Code (commonly referred to as the 
``Anti-Deficiency Act''), costs deriving from payment delays, interest 
penalty payments, and improper payments, and actual savings realized 
through interest payments made, discounts for timely or advanced 
payments, and other financial management and improvement initiatives.
    (b) Information Covered.--The tool shall cover financial 
performance information for the military departments, the defense 
agencies, and any other organizations or elements of the Department of 
Defense.
    (c) Tracking of Performance Over Time.--The tool shall permit the 
tracking of financial performance over time, including by month, 
quarter, and year, and permit users of the tool to export both current 
and historical data on financial performance.
    (d) Updates.--The information covered by the tool shall be updated 
not less frequently than quarterly.
SEC. 1006. REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON EFFORTS TO OBTAIN AUDIT 
OPINION ON FULL FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.
    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may establish within the 
Department of Defense a team of distinguished, private sector experts 
with experience conducting financial audits of large public or private 
sector organizations to review and make recommendations to improve the 
efforts of the Department to obtain an audit opinion on its full 
financial statements.
    (b) Scope of Activities.--A team established pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall--
        (1) identify impediments to the progress of the Department in 
    obtaining an audit opinion on its full financial statements, 
    including an identification of the organizations or elements that 
    are lagging in their efforts toward obtaining such audit opinion;
        (2) estimate when an audit opinion on the full financial 
    statements of the Department will be obtained; and
        (3) consider mechanisms and incentives to support efficient 
    achievement by the Department of its audit goals, including 
    organizational mechanisms to transfer direction and management 
    control of audit activities from subordinate organizations to the 
    Office of the Secretary of Defense, individual personnel 
    incentives, workforce improvements (including in senior leadership 
    positions), business process, technology, and systems improvements 
    (including the use of data analytics), and metrics by which the 
    Secretary and Congress may measure and assess progress toward 
    achievement of the audit goals of the Department.
    (c) Reports.--
        (1) Report on establishment of team.--If the Secretary takes 
    action pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall, not later 
    than September 30, 2019, submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a report on the team established pursuant to that 
    subsection, including a description of the actions taken and to be 
    taken by the team pursuant to subsection (b).
        (2) Report on determination not to establish team.--If as of 
    June 1, 2019, the Secretary has determined not to establish a team 
    authorized by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
    Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
    Representatives on that date a report on the determination, 
    including an explanation and justification for the determination.
SEC. 1007. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN CONTRACTS FOR AUDIT 
SERVICES.
    (a) Notification to Congress.--If the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) makes a written finding that a delay in performance of a 
covered contract while a protest is pending would hinder the annual 
preparation of audited financial statements for the Department of 
Defense, and the head of the procuring activity responsible for the 
award of the covered contract does not authorize the award of the 
contract (pursuant to section 3553(c)(2) of title 31, United States 
Code) or the performance of the contract (pursuant to section 
3553(d)(3)(C) of such title), the Secretary of Defense shall--
        (1) notify the congressional defense committees within 10 days 
    after such finding is made; and
        (2) describe any steps the Department of Defense plans to take 
    to mitigate any hindrance identified in such finding to the annual 
    preparation of audited financial statements for the Department.
    (b) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
contract'' means a contract for services to perform an audit to comply 
with the requirements of section 3515 of title 31, United States Code.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

SEC. 1011. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT A UNIFIED COUNTERDRUG AND 
COUNTERTERRORISM CAMPAIGN IN COLOMBIA.
    Section 1021 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 118 Stat. 2042), as most 
recently amended by section 1013 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2385), is 
further amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
    ``2022''; and
        (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
    ``2022''.
SEC. 1012. VENUE FOR PROSECUTION OF MARITIME DRUG TRAFFICKING.
    (a) In General.--Section 70504(b) of title 46, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Venue.--A person violating section 70503 or 70508--
        ``(1) shall be tried in the district in which such offense was 
    committed; or
        ``(2) if the offense was begun or committed upon the high seas, 
    or elsewhere outside the jurisdiction of any particular State or 
    district, may be tried in any district.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1009(d) of the Controlled 
Substances Import and Export Act (21 U.S.C. 959(d)) is amended--
        (1) in the subsection title, by striking ``; Venue''; and
        (2) by striking ``Any person who violates this section shall be 
    tried in the United States district court at the point of entry 
    where such person enters the United States, or in the United States 
    District Court for the District of Columbia.''.

                Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1021. NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.
    (a) Fund Purposes; Deposits.--Section 2218 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking subparagraph (D); and
                (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph 
            (D);
            (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or (D)''; and
        (2) in subsection (d)--
            (A) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``and'' after the 
            semicolon;
                (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
            inserting a period; and
                (iii) by striking subparagraph (D); and
            (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (4):
        ``(4) Any other funds made available to the Department of 
    Defense to carry out any of the purposes described in subsection 
    (c).''.
    (b) Authority to Purchase Used Vessels.--Subsection (f) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) Notwithstanding the limitations under subsection (c)(1)(E) 
and paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may, as part of a program 
to recapitalize the Ready Reserve Force component of the national 
defense reserve fleet and the Military Sealift Command surge fleet, 
purchase any used vessel, regardless of where such vessel was 
constructed if such vessel--
        ``(i) participated in the Maritime Security Fleet; and
        ``(ii) is available for purchase at a reasonable cost, as 
    determined by the Secretary.
    ``(B) If the Secretary determines that no used vessel meeting the 
requirements under clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A) is 
available, the Secretary may purchase a used vessel comparable to a 
vessel described in clause (i) of subparagraph (A), regardless of the 
source of the vessel or where the vessel was constructed, if such 
vessel is available for purchase at a reasonable cost, as determined by 
the Secretary.
    ``(C) The Secretary may not use the authority under this paragraph 
to purchase more than two foreign constructed ships.
    ``(D) The Secretary shall ensure that the initial conversion, or 
modernization of any vessel purchased under the authority of 
subparagraph (A) occurs in a shipyard located in the United States.
    ``(E) Not later than 30 days after the purchase of any vessel using 
the authority under this paragraph, the Secretary, in consultation with 
the Maritime Administrator, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that contains each of the following with respect to 
such purchase:
        ``(i) The date of the purchase.
        ``(ii) The price at which the vessel was purchased.
        ``(iii) The anticipated cost of modernization of the vessel.
        ``(iv) The proposed military utility of the vessel.
        ``(v) The proposed date on which the vessel will be available 
    for use by the Ready Reserve.
        ``(vi) The contracting office responsible for the completion of 
    the purchase.
        ``(vii) Certification that--
            ``(I) there was no vessel available for purchase at a 
        reasonable price that was constructed in the United States; and
            ``(II) the used vessel purchased supports the 
        recapitalization of the Ready Reserve Force component of the 
        National Defense Reserve Fleet or the Military Sealift Command 
        surge fleet.''.
    (c) Definition of Maritime Security Fleet.--Subsection (k) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(5) The term `Maritime Security Fleet' means the fleet 
    established under section 53102(a) of title 46.''.
    (d) Budgeting for Construction of Naval Vessels.--Section 231 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (a)--
            (A) by striking ``year--'' and inserting ``year each of the 
        following:'';
            (B) in paragraph (1)--
                (i) by striking ``a plan'' and inserting ``A plan'';
                (ii) by striking ``combatant and support vessels for 
            the Navy'' and inserting ``naval vessels'';
                (iii) by striking the semicolon and inserting ``for 
            each of the following classes of ships:''; and
                (iv) by adding at the end the following new 
            subparagraphs:
            ``(A) Combatant and support vessels.
            ``(B) Auxiliary vessels.''; and
            (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``a certification'' and 
        inserting ``A certification'';
        (2) in subsection (b)(2)--
            (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (D) as 
        subparagraphs (C) through (E), respectively;
            (B) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
        subparagraph (B):
        ``(B) A detailed program for the construction of auxiliary 
    vessels for the Navy over the next 30 fiscal years.''; and
            (C) in subparagraph (E), as redesignated by subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``subparagraph (C)'' and inserting 
        ``subparagraph (D)''; and
        (3) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(5) The term `auxiliary vessel' means any ship designed to 
    operate in the open ocean in a variety of sea states to provide 
    general support to either combatant forces or shore based 
    establishments.''.
SEC. 1022. USE OF NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND FOR MULTIYEAR 
PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN CRITICAL COMPONENTS.
    (a) In General.--Subsection (i) of section 2218a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by striking ``the common missile compartment'' each place 
    it appears and inserting ``critical components''; and
        (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``critical parts, components, 
    systems, and subsystems'' and inserting ``critical components''.
    (b) Definition of Critical Component.--Subsection (k) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
        ``(3) The term `critical component' means any of the following:
            ``(A) A common missile compartment component.
            ``(B) A spherical air flask.
            ``(C) An air induction diesel exhaust valve.
            ``(D) An auxiliary seawater valve.
            ``(E) A hovering valve.
            ``(F) A missile compensation valve.
            ``(G) A main seawater valve.
            ``(H) A launch tube.
            ``(I) A trash disposal unit.
            ``(J) A logistics escape trunk.
            ``(K) A torpedo tube.
            ``(L) A weapons shipping cradle weldment.
            ``(M) A control surface.
            ``(N) A launcher component.
            ``(O) A propulsor.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The subsection heading for subsection (i) 
of such section is amended by striking ``of the Common Missile 
Compartment''.
SEC. 1023. OPERATIONAL READINESS OF LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS ON EXTENDED 
DEPLOYMENT.
    Section 7310(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``Under Jurisdiction of the Secretary of the 
    Navy'' in the subsection heading after ``Vessels'';
        (2) by striking ``A naval vessel (or any other vessel under the 
    jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Navy)'' and inserting ``(1) A 
    naval vessel''; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2)(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) and subject to subparagraph 
(B), in the case of a naval vessel classified as a Littoral Combat Ship 
and operating on deployment, corrective and preventive maintenance or 
repair (whether intermediate or depot level) and facilities maintenance 
may be performed on the vessel--
        ``(i) in a foreign shipyard;
        ``(ii) at a facility outside of a foreign shipyard; or
        ``(iii) at any other facility convenient to the vessel.
    ``(B)(i) Corrective and preventive maintenance or repair may be 
performed on a vessel as described in subparagraph (A) if the work is 
performed by United States Government personnel or United States 
contractor personnel.
    ``(ii) Facilities maintenance may be performed by a foreign 
contractor on a vessel as described in subparagraph (A) only as 
approved by the Secretary of the Navy.
    ``(C) In this paragraph:
        ``(i) The term `corrective and preventive maintenance or 
    repair' means--
            ``(I) maintenance or repair actions performed as a result 
        of a failure in order to return or restore equipment to 
        acceptable performance levels; and
            ``(II) scheduled maintenance or repair actions to prevent 
        or discover functional failures.
        ``(ii) The term `facilities maintenance' means preservation or 
    corrosion control efforts and cleaning services.
    ``(D) This paragraph shall expire on September 30, 2020.''.
SEC. 1024. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR INACTIVATION OF 
TICONDEROGA-CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK LANDING SHIPS.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2018 may be obligated or expended--
        (1) to retire, prepare to retire, or inactivate a cruiser or 
    dock landing ship; or
        (2) to place more than six cruisers and one dock landing ship 
    in the modernization program under section 1026(a)(2) of the Carl 
    Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
    Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490).
SEC. 1025. POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES ON MINIMUM NUMBER OF BATTLE 
FORCE SHIPS.
    (a) Policy.--It shall be the policy of the United States to have 
available, as soon as practicable, not fewer than 355 battle force 
ships, comprised of the optimal mix of platforms, with funding subject 
to the availability of appropriations or other funds.
    (b) Battle Force Ships Defined.--In this section, the term ``battle 
force ship'' has the meaning given the term in Secretary of the Navy 
Instruction 5030.8C.
SEC. 1026. SURVEYING SHIPS.
    (a) Surveying Ship Requirement.--Not later than 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief of Naval Operations shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth a 
force structure assessment that establishes a surveying ship 
requirement. The Chief of Naval Operations shall conduct the assessment 
for purposes of the report, and may limit the assessment to surveying 
ships.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``surveying ship'' has the meaning given the term 
    in Secretary of the Navy Instruction 5030.8C.
        (2) The term ``force structure assessment'' has the meaning 
    given the term in Chief of Naval Operations Instruction 3050.27.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1031. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY ON SUPPORT OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
TO COMBAT TERRORISM.
    (a) Oversight of Support.--Section 127e of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
        (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
        (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
    subsection (g):
    ``(g) Oversight by ASD for SOLIC.--The Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict shall have 
primary responsibility within the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
for oversight of policies and programs for support authorized by this 
section.''.
    (b) Report Submittal Matters.--Subsection (h) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (a)(1) of this section, is amended--
        (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``March 1 each year'' and 
    inserting ``120 days after the last day of each fiscal year''; and
        (2) in paragraph (2)--
            (A) by striking ``September 1 each year'' and inserting 
        ``six months after the date of the submittal of the report most 
        recently submitted under paragraph (1)''; and
            (B) by inserting ``under this paragraph'' after ``in which 
        the report''.
SEC. 1032. TERMINATION OF REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT ANNUAL BUDGET 
JUSTIFICATION DISPLAY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE COMBATING TERRORISM 
PROGRAM.
    Section 229 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Termination.--The requirement to submit a budget 
justification display under this section shall terminate on December 
31, 2020.''.
SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
CUBA TO THE UNITED STATES.
    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2018, to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release to or within the United States, its territories, or possessions 
of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed or any other detainee who--
        (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
    Forces of the United States; and
        (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
    States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department of 
    Defense.
SEC. 1034. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES TRANSFERRED FROM 
UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and ending on December 31, 2018, to construct or modify any facility in 
the United States, its territories, or possessions to house any 
individual detained at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or 
imprisonment in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to any modification of facilities at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 1034(f)(2) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 971; 10 U.S.C. 
801 note).
SEC. 1035. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, 
CUBA, TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES.
    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2018, to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release of any individual detained in the custody or under the control 
of the Department of Defense at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
Bay, Cuba, to the custody or control of any country, or any entity 
within such country, as follows:
        (1) Libya.
        (2) Somalia.
        (3) Syria.
        (4) Yemen.
SEC. 1036. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CLOSE OR RELINQUISH CONTROL 
OF UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.
    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 may be 
used--
        (1) to close or abandon United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
    Bay, Cuba;
        (2) to relinquish control of Guantanamo Bay to the Republic of 
    Cuba; or
        (3) to implement a material modification to the Treaty Between 
    the United States of America and Cuba signed at Washington, D.C. on 
    May 29, 1934, that constructively closes United States Naval 
    Station, Guantanamo Bay.
SEC. 1037. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING PROVIDING FOR TIMELY VICTIM AND 
FAMILY TESTIMONY IN MILITARY COMMISSION TRIALS.
    It is the sense of Congress that in the interests of justice, 
efficiency, and providing closure to victims of terrorism and their 
families, military judges overseeing military commissions in United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, should consider making 
arrangements to take recorded testimony from victims and their families 
should they wish to provide testimony before such a commission.
SEC. 1038. REPORT ON PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF MILITARY COMMISSIONS 
PROCEEDINGS.
    (a) GAO Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the feasibility and advisability of expanding the 
public availability of military commissions proceedings that are made 
open to the public.
    (b) Report to Congress.--
        (1) Interim report.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the 
    Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
    Services of the Senate and of the House of Representatives a report 
    containing the interim findings of the Comptroller General pursuant 
    to the study required by subsection (a).
        (2) Final report.--Not later than one year after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
    the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and of the House of 
    Representatives a final report on the findings and recommendations 
    of the Comptroller General pursuant to such study.
        (3) Form of reports.--The reports required by this subsection 
    shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
    classified annex.

         Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1041. LIMITATION ON EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS FOR EMERGENCY AND 
EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES FOR INTELLIGENCE AND COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE 
ACTIVITIES.
    (a) Limitation.--Subsection (c) of section 127 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), funds may not be obligated 
or expended in an amount in excess of $100,000 under the authority of 
subsection (a) or (b) for intelligence or counter-intelligence 
activities until the Secretary of Defense has notified the 
congressional defense committees and the congressional intelligence 
committees of the intent to obligate or expend the funds and 15 days 
have elapsed since the date of the notification.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense may waive subparagraph (A) if the 
Secretary determines that such a waiver is necessary due to 
extraordinary circumstances that affect the national security of the 
United States. If the Secretary issues a waiver under this 
subparagraph, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
and congressional intelligence committees, by not later than 48 hours 
after issuing the waiver, written notice of and justification for the 
waiver.''.
    (b) Annual Report.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
        (1) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting ``(1) Not later'';
        (2) by striking ``to the congressional defense committees'' and 
    all that follows through the period at the end and inserting an em 
    dash; and
        (3) by adding at the end the following:
        ``(A) to the congressional defense committees a report on all 
    expenditures during the preceding fiscal year under subsections (a) 
    and (b); and
        ``(B) to the congressional intelligence committees a report on 
    expenditures relating to intelligence and counter-intelligence 
    during the preceding fiscal year under subsections (a) and (b).
    ``(2) Each report required to be submitted under paragraph (1) 
shall include a detailed explanation, by category of activity and 
approving authority (the Secretary of Defense, the Inspector General of 
the Department of Defense, and the Secretary of a military department), 
of the expenditures during the preceding fiscal year.''.
    (c) Definition.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Definition of Congressional Intelligence Committees.--In this 
section, the term `congressional intelligence committees' means the 
Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
Senate.''.
    (d) Report on Intelligence and Counter-intelligence Funding 
Authorities.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense and intelligence committees a report describing current and, if 
necessary, any required, funding authorities to sustain recurring 
expenses for intelligence and counter-intelligence activities in lieu 
of section 127 of title 10, United States Code. Such report shall 
include a description of the potential benefits and negative 
consequences of the codification of a distinct authority for such 
purposes.
SEC. 1042. MATTERS RELATING TO THE SUBMITTAL OF FUTURE-YEARS DEFENSE 
PROGRAMS.
    (a) Timing of Submittal to Congress.--Subsection (a) of section 221 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``at or about 
the time that'' and inserting ``not later than five days after the date 
on which''.
    (b) Manner and Form of Submittal.--Such section is further amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall make available to Congress, 
the Congressional Budget Office, the Comptroller General of the United 
States, and the Congressional Research Service each future-years 
defense program under this section as follows:
        ``(A) By making such program available electronically in the 
    form of an unclassified electronic database.
        ``(B) By delivering printed copies of such program to the 
    congressional defense committees.
    ``(2) In the event inclusion of classified material in a future-
years defense program would otherwise render the totality of the 
program classified for purposes of this subsection--
        ``(A) such program shall be made available to Congress in 
    unclassified form, with such material attached as a classified 
    annex; and
        ``(B) such annex shall be submitted to the congressional 
    defense committees, the Congressional Budget Office, the 
    Comptroller General of the United States, and the Congressional 
    Research Service.''.
    (c) Accuracy of Information.--Such section is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Each future-years defense program under this subsection shall 
be accompanied by a certification by the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller), in the case of the Department of Defense, and the 
comptroller of each military department, in the case of such military 
department, that any information entered into the Standard Data 
Collection System of the Department of Defense, the Comptroller 
Information System, or any other data system, as applicable, for 
purposes of assembling such future-years defense program was 
accurate.''.
    (d) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply to 
future-years defense programs submitted at the time of budgets of the 
President for fiscal years beginning after fiscal year 2018.
    (e) DoD Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination 
with the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), update Department of 
Defense Financial Management Regulation 7000.14-R, and any other 
appropriate instructions and guidance, to ensure that the Department of 
Defense takes appropriate actions to comply with the amendments made by 
this section in the submittal of future-years defense programs in 
calendar years after calendar year 2017.
SEC. 1043. MODIFICATIONS TO HUMANITARIAN DEMINING ASSISTANCE 
AUTHORITIES.
    (a) Modification to the Role of Armed Forces in Providing 
Humanitarian Demining Assistance.--Subsection (a)(3) of section 407 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
        (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``or 
    stockpiled conventional munitions assistance''; and
        (2) in subparagraph (A)--
            (A) by inserting ``, unexploded explosive ordnance,'' after 
        ``landmines''; and
            (B) by striking ``, or stockpiled conventional munitions, 
        as applicable''.
    (b) Modification to Definition of Humanitarian Demining 
Assistance.--Subsection (e)(1) of such section is amended--
        (1) by inserting ``, unexploded explosive ordnance,'' after 
    ``landmines'' in each place it appears; and
        (2) by striking ``, and the disposal'' and all that follows and 
    inserting a period.
    (c) Modification to Definition of Stockpiled Conventional Munitions 
Assistance.--Subsection (e)(2) of such section is amended, in the 
second sentence, by striking ``, the detection and clearance of 
landmines and other explosive remnants of war,''.
SEC. 1044. PROHIBITION ON CHARGE OF CERTAIN TARIFFS ON AIRCRAFT 
TRAVELING THROUGH CHANNEL ROUTES.
    (a) In General.--Chapter 157 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2652. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
    traveling through channel routes
    ``The United States Transportation Command may not charge a tariff 
by reason of the use by a military service of an aircraft of that 
military service on a route designated by the United States 
Transportation Command as a channel route.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2652. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft traveling 
          through channel routes.''.
SEC. 1045. PROHIBITION ON LOBBYING ACTIVITIES WITH RESPECT TO THE 
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE BY CERTAIN OFFICERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE DEPARTMENT FOLLOWING SEPARATION FROM MILITARY 
SERVICE OR EMPLOYMENT WITH THE DEPARTMENT.
    (a) Two-year Prohibition.--
        (1) Prohibition.--An individual described in paragraph (2) may 
    not engage in lobbying activities with respect to the Department of 
    Defense during the two-year period beginning on the date of 
    retirement or separation from service in the Armed Forces or the 
    date of retirement or separation from service with the Department, 
    as applicable.
        (2) Covered individuals.--An individual described in this 
    paragraph is the following:
            (A) An officer of the Armed Forces in grade O-9 or higher 
        at the time of retirement or separation from the Armed Forces.
            (B) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense who 
        had a civilian grade equivalent to a military grade specified 
        in subparagraph (A) at the time of the employee's retirement or 
        separation from service with the Department.
    (b) One-year Prohibition.--
        (1) Prohibition.--An individual described in paragraph (2) may 
    not engage in lobbying activities with respect to the Department of 
    Defense during the one-year period beginning on the date of 
    retirement or separation from service in the Armed Forces or the 
    date of retirement or separation from service with the Department, 
    as applicable.
        (2) Covered individuals.--An individual described in this 
    paragraph is the following:
            (A) An officer of the Armed Forces in grade O-7 or O-8 at 
        the time of retirement or separation from the Armed Forces.
            (B) A civilian employee of the Department of Defense who 
        had a civilian grade equivalent to a military grade specified 
        in subparagraph (A) at the time of the employee's retirement or 
        separation from service with the Department.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
        (1) The term ``lobbying activities with respect to the 
    Department of Defense'' means the following:
            (A) Lobbying contacts and other lobbying activities with 
        covered executive branch officials with respect to the 
        Department of Defense.
            (B) Lobbying contacts with covered executive branch 
        officials described in subparagraphs (C) through (F) of section 
        3(3) of the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602(3)) 
        in the Department of Defense.
        (2) The terms ``lobbying activities'' and ``lobbying contacts'' 
    have the meaning given such terms in section 3 of the Lobbying 
    Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602).
        (3) The term ``covered executive branch official'' has the 
    meaning given that term in section 3(3) of the Lobbying Disclosure 
    Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1602(3)).
SEC. 1046. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF LEGACY 
MARITIME MINE COUNTERMEASURES PLATFORMS.
    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the Navy may not obligate or expend funds to--
        (1) retire, prepare to retire, transfer, or place in storage 
    any AVENGER-class mine countermeasures ship or associated 
    equipment;
        (2) retire, prepare to retire, transfer, or place in storage 
    any SEA DRAGON (MH-53) helicopter or associated equipment;
        (3) make any reductions to manning levels with respect to any 
    AVENGER-class mine countermeasures ship; or
        (4) make any reductions to manning levels with respect to any 
    SEA DRAGON helicopter squadron or detachment.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the prohibition 
under subsection (a)--
        (1) with respect to an AVENGER-class ship or a SEA DRAGON 
    helicopter, if the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
    committees that the Secretary has--
            (A) identified a replacement capability and the necessary 
        quantity of such systems to meet all combatant commander mine 
        countermeasures operational requirements that are currently 
        being met by the ship or helicopter to be retired, transferred, 
        or placed in storage;
            (B) achieved initial operational capability of all systems 
        described in subparagraph (A); and
            (C) deployed a sufficient quantity of systems described in 
        subparagraph (A) that have achieved initial operational 
        capability to continue to meet or exceed all combatant 
        commander mine countermeasures operational requirements 
        currently being met by the ship or helicopter to be retired, 
        transferred, or placed in storage; or
        (2) with respect to a SEA DRAGON helicopter, if the Secretary 
    certifies to such committees that the Secretary has determined, on 
    a case-by-case basis, that such a helicopter is non-operational 
    because of a mishap or other damage or because it is uneconomical 
    to repair.
SEC. 1047. REPORT ON WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE 
CAPABILITY AND CAPACITY.
    (a) Limitation of Use of Funds.--Not more than 75 percent of the 
amount authorized to be appropriated by this Act for Secretary of the 
Navy for emergency and extraordinary expenses may be obligated or 
expended before the date on which the report required by subsection (b) 
is submitted to the congressional defense committees.
    (b) Report Required.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
    congressional defense committees a report on the ship depot 
    maintenance capability and capacity required for Navy ships 
    operating in the western Pacific Ocean. The report shall include 
    each of the following:
            (A) An analysis of the requirements relating to Navy ship 
        depot maintenance during peacetime and in response to the most 
        likely, stressing, and dangerous contingency scenarios.
            (B) A description of the extent to which the existing Navy 
        ship depot capacity can meet the requirements described in 
        subparagraph (A).
            (C) A description of any specific shortfalls in such 
        capability or capacity with respect to meeting such 
        requirements.
            (D) An analysis of options to address any shortfalls 
        described in subparagraph (C).
        (2) Form of report.--The report required under this subsection 
    shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
    classified annex.
    (c) Certification Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
submittal of the report required by subsection (b), the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
certification--
        (1) that the current ship depot maintenance capability and 
    capacity, including drydocks, in the western Pacific Ocean are 
    sufficient to meet peacetime and contingency requirements; or
        (2) certification that such capability and capacity are not 
    sufficient and a description of the options being pursued to 
    address areas of insufficiency.
    (d) Business Case Analysis Required.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2018, the 
    Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense 
    committees a business case analysis of the options described in 
    paragraph (2) that includes the analysis described in paragraph 
    (3).
        (2) Options to be included.--The business case analysis 
    required by paragraph (1) shall cover options that could increase 
    the Navy depot-level ship repair capacity and capabilities in the 
    western Pacific Ocean, including the following four courses of 
    action:
            (A) Enhancing current maintenance capability and capacity 
        by repairing Lima Wharf, United States Naval Base, Guam.
            (B) Adding drydock capability and capacity with associated 
        facilities for conventionally-powered ships.
            (C) Adding drydock capability and capacity with associated 
        facilities for nuclear-powered submarines.
            (D) Maintaining the status quo with respect to the ship 
        repair capabilities and capacity in the western Pacific Ocean.
        (3) Analysis of options.--For each course of action listed in 
    paragraph (2), the Secretary shall include an analysis of the 
    following:
            (A) Any additional maintenance actions that would be 
        possible with respect to the course of action and estimated use 
        during peacetime and during the most likely, stressing and 
        dangerous contingency operations.
            (B) Any additional infrastructure, including facilities and 
        equipment, that would be necessary to carry out the course of 
        action.
            (C) The military, civilian, and contractor personnel 
        requirements to reach full operational capability with respect 
        to the course of action, including personnel to be assigned on 
        both a temporary and permanent basis.
            (D) A description of how the course of action would improve 
        materiel readiness and operational availability of ships 
        operating in the Pacific.
            (E) The estimated cost and schedule to implement the course 
        of action, including detailed estimates for major cost 
        elements.
            (F) In the case of a course of action described in 
        subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (2), an evaluation of 
        acquisition strategies (including procurement, leasing, public-
        private partnerships, and enhanced use leases) and an 
        identification of the desired ship tonnage each drydock would 
        be able to accommodate.
SEC. 1048. ANNUAL TRAINING REGARDING THE INFLUENCE CAMPAIGN OF THE 
RUSSIAN FEDERATION.
    In addition to any currently mandated training, the Secretary of 
Defense may furnish annual training to all members of the Armed Forces 
and all civilian employees of the Department of Defense, regarding 
attempts by the Russian Federation and its proxies and agents to 
influence and recruit members of the Armed Forces as part of its 
influence campaign.
SEC. 1049. WORKFORCE ISSUES FOR MILITARY REALIGNMENTS IN THE PACIFIC.
    (a) In General.--Section 6(b) of the Joint Resolution entitled ``A 
Joint Resolution to approve the `Covenant To Establish a Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union With the United 
States of America', and for other purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 
(48 U.S.C. 1806(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Numerical Limitations for Nonimmigrant Workers.--
        ``(1) In general.--
            ``(A) Nonimmigrant workers generally.--An alien, if 
        otherwise qualified, may seek admission to Guam or to the 
        Commonwealth during the transition program as a nonimmigrant 
        worker under section 101(a)(15)(H) of the Immigration and 
        Nationality Act (8 USC 1101(a)(15)(H)) without counting against 
        the numerical limitations set forth in section 214(g) of such 
        Act (8 USC 1184(g)).
            ``(B) H-2B workers.--In the case of such an alien who seeks 
        admission under section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of such Act, such 
        alien, if otherwise qualified, may, before October 1, 2023, be 
        admitted under such section for a period of up to 3 years to 
        perform service or labor on Guam or the Commonwealth pursuant 
        to any agreement entered into by a prime contractor or 
        subcontractor calling for services or labor required for 
        performance of a contact or subcontract for construction, 
        repairs, renovations, or facility services that is directly 
        connected to, or associated with, the military realignment 
        occurring on Guam and the Commonwealth, notwithstanding the 
        requirement of such section that the service or labor be 
        temporary.
        ``(2) Limitations.--
            ``(A) Numerical limitation.--For any fiscal year, not more 
        4,000 aliens may be admitted to Guam and the Commonwealth 
        pursuant to paragraph (1)(B).
            ``(B) Location.--Paragraph (1)(B) does not apply with 
        respect to the performance of services or labor at a location 
        other than Guam or the Commonwealth.''.
    (b) Certification Required.--Upon conclusion of all required 
agreements between the Secretary of Defense and the heads of relevant 
Federal agencies, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands 
(including the Commonwealth Port Authority), and local agencies to 
support the required construction and operation of the divert 
activities and exercises program of the Air Force in the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands and the Commonwealth of the Northern 
Mariana Islands joint military training program of the Marine Corps, 
the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
certification of such conclusion and a report describing such 
agreements.
    (c) Effective Dates.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply as 
follows:
        (1) In the case of services or labor to be performed on Guam, 
    such amendment shall apply beginning on the date that is 120 days 
    after the date of the enactment of this Act.
        (2) In the case of services or labor to be performed on the 
    Common Wealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, such amendment shall 
    apply beginning on the later of--
            (A) the date that is 120 days after the date of the 
        submittal of the certification and report required under 
        subsection (b); or
            (B) the date on which the transition program ends under 
        section 6(a)(2) of the Joint Resolution entitled ``A Joint 
        Resolution to approve the `Covenant To Establish a Commonwealth 
        of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union With the 
        United States of America', and for other purposes'', approved 
        March 24, 1976 (48 U.S.C. 1806(a)(2)).

                    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1051. ELIMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS TERMINATED AFTER 
NOVEMBER 25, 2017, PURSUANT TO SECTION 1080 OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2016.
    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
        (1) Section 113 reports.--
            (A) Reserve forces policy board report.--Section 113(c) is 
        amended--
                (i) by striking paragraph (2);
                (ii) by striking ``(1)'' after ``(c)''; and
                (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) 
            as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively.
            (B) Total force management report.--Section 113 is amended 
        by striking subsection (l).
        (2) Diversity in military leadership report.--Section 115a(g) 
    is amended by striking ``during fiscal years 2013 through 2017''.
        (3) Defense industrial security report.--Section 428 is amended 
    by striking subsection (f).
        (4) Military musical units gift report.--Section 974(d) is 
    amended by striking paragraph (3).
        (5) Health protection quality report.--Section 1073b is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (a); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (a) and (b), respectively.
        (6) Master plans for reductions in civilian positions.--
            (A) In general.--Section 1597 is amended--
                (i) by striking subsection (c);
                (ii) by striking subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
            subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively; and
                (iii) in subsection (c), as redesignated, by striking 
            ``or a master plan prepared under subsection (c)''.
            (B) Conforming amendments.--Section 129a(d) is amended--
                (i) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2); and
                (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
            paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
        (7) Acquisition workforce development fund report.--Section 
    1705 is amended--
            (A) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``subsection (h)(2)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (g)(2)'';
            (B) by striking subsection (f); and
            (C) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (f) and (g), respectively.
        (8) Acquisition corps report.--Section 1722b is amended by 
    striking subsection (c).
        (9) Military family readiness report.--Section 1781b is amended 
    by striking subsection (d).
        (10) Professional military education report.--
            (A) Elimination.--Section 2157 is repealed.
            (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 107 is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 2157.
        (11) Department of defense conferences fee-collection report.--
    Section 2262 is amended by striking subsection (d).
        (12) United states contributions to nato common-funded budgets 
    report.--Section 2263 is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (b); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
        (13) Foreign counter-space programs report.--
            (A) Elimination.--Section 2277 is repealed.
            (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 135 is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 2277.
        (14) Use of multiyear contracts report.--Section 2306b(l)(4) is 
    amended by striking ``Not later than'' and all that follows through 
    the colon and inserting the following: ``Each report required by 
    paragraph (5) with respect to a contract (or contract extension) 
    shall contain the following:''.
        (15) Burden sharing contributions report.--Section 2350j is 
    amended by striking subsection (f).
        (16) Contract prohibition waiver report.--Section 2410i(c) is 
    amended by striking the second sentence.
        (17) Strategic sourcing plan of action report.--Subsection (a) 
    of section 2475 is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Strategic Sourcing Plan of Action Defined.--In this section, 
the term `Strategic Sourcing Plan of Action' means a Strategic Sourcing 
Plan of Action for the Department of Defense (as identified in the 
Department of Defense Interim Guidance dated February 29, 2000, or any 
successor Department of Defense guidance or directive) in effect for a 
fiscal year.''.
        (18) Technology and industrial base policy guidance report.--
    Section 2506 is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (b); and
            (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``Such guidance'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(b) Purpose of Guidance.--The guidance prescribed pursuant to 
subsection (a)''.
        (19) Foreign-controlled contractors report.--Section 2537 is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (b); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
        (20) Support for sporting events report.--Section 2564 is 
    amended--
            (A) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``section 377'' and 
        inserting ``section 277'';
            (B) by striking subsection (e);
            (C) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (D) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by ``striking 
        sections 375 and 376'' and inserting ``sections 275 and 276''.
        (21) General and flag officer quarters report.--Section 2831 is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (e);
            (B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e); and
            (C) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                (i) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in paragraphs 
            (2) and (3), the Secretary'' and inserting ``The 
            Secretary'';
                (ii) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3); and
                (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
            paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
        (22) Military installations vulnerability assessment reports.--
    Section 2859 is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (c); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c).
        (23) Industrial facility investment program construction 
    report.--Section 2861 is amended by striking subsection (d).
        (24) Statement of amounts available for water conservation at 
    military installations.--Section 2866(b) is amended by striking 
    paragraph (3).
        (25) Acquisition or construction of military unaccompanied 
    housing pilot projects report.--Section 2881a is amended by 
    striking subsection (e).
        (26) Statement of amounts available from energy cost savings.--
    Section 2912 is amended by striking subsection (d).
        (27) Army training report.--
            (A) Elimination.--Section 4316 is repealed.
            (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 401 is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 4316.
        (28) State of the army reserve report.--Section 3038(f) is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (2).
        (29) State of the marine corps reserve report.--Section 5144(d) 
    is amended--
            (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (2).
        (30) State of the air force reserve report.--Section 8038(f) is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (2).
    (b) Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985.--Section 1003 of 
the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 98-525; 
22 U.S.C. 1928 note), relating to an annual report on allied 
contributions to the common defense, is amended by striking subsections 
(c) and (d).
    (c) National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989.--Section 
1009 of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 
(Public Law 100-456; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), relating to an annual report 
on the official development assistance program of Japan, is amended by 
striking subsection (b).
    (d) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991.--
Section 1518 of the Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 
(Public Law 101-510; 24 U.S.C. 418), relating to reports on the results 
of inspection of Armed Forces Retirement Homes, is amended--
        (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``Congress and''; and
        (2) in subsection (e)--
            (A) by striking paragraph (2);
            (B) by striking ``(1)'' before ``Not later''; and
            (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
    (e) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 
1993.--Section 1046 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), 
relating to an annual report on defense cost-sharing, is amended by 
striking subsections (e) and (f).
    (f) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994.--
Section 1603 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1994 (Public Law 103-160; 22 U.S.C. 2751 note), relating to an annual 
report on counterproliferation policy and programs of the United 
States, is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (g) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995.--
Section 533 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), relating to an annual 
report on personnel readiness factors by race and gender, is repealed.
    (h) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000.--
Section 366 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), relating to an annual 
report on spare parts, logistics, and sustainment standards, is amended 
by striking subsection (f).
    (i) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 
107-107) is amended as follows:
        (1) Army workload and performance system report.--Section 346 
    (115 Stat. 1062) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsections (b) and (c); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (b).
        (2) Reliability of financial statements report.--Section 
    1008(d) (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``On each''; and
            (B) by striking paragraph (2).
    (j) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003.--
Section 817 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2306a note), relating 
to an annual report on commercial item and exceptional case exceptions 
and waivers, is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (d); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
    (k) National Defense Authorization Act for 2006.--The National 
Defense Authorization Act for 2006 (Public Law 109-163) is amended as 
follows:
        (1) Notification of adjustment in limitation amount for next-
    generation destroyer program.--Section 123 (119 Stat. 3156) is 
    amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (d); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
        (2) Certification of budgets for joint tactical radio system 
    report.--Section 218(c) (119 Stat. 3171) is amended by striking 
    paragraph (3).
        (3) Department of defense costs to carry out united nations 
    resolutions report.--Section 1224 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is repealed.
    (l) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007.--
Section 357(b) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 22 U.S.C. 4865 note), 
relating to an annual report on Department of Defense overseas 
personnel subject to chief of mission authority, is amended by striking 
``shall submit to the congressional defense committees'' and inserting 
``shall prepare''.
    (m) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181) is amended as follows:
        (1) Army industrial facilities cooperative activities report.--
    Section 328 (10 U.S.C. 4544 note) is amended by striking subsection 
    (b).
        (2) Army product improvement report.--Section 330 (122 Stat. 
    68) is amended by striking subsection (e).
    (n) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009.--The 
Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
(Public Law 110-417) is amended as follows:
        (1) Support for non-conventional assisted recovery activities 
    report.--Section 943 (122 Stat. 4578) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (e); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
        (2) Reimbursement of navy mess expenses report.--Section 1014 
    (122 Stat. 4585) is amended by striking subsection (c).
        (3) Electromagnetic pulse attack report.--Section 1048 (122 
    Stat. 4603) is repealed.
    (o) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010.--
Section 121 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2211) is amended--
        (1) by striking subsection (e); and
        (2) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
    (p) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011.--The 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383) is amended as follows:
        (1) Navy airborne signals intelligence, surveillance, and 
    reconnaissance capabilities report.--Section 112(b) (124 Stat. 
    4153) is amended--
            (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).
        (2) Inclusion of technology protection features during research 
    and development of defense systems report.--Section 243 (10 U.S.C. 
    2358 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (c); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively.
        (3) Acquisition of military purpose nondevelopmental items 
    report.--Section 866(d) (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``(d) Reports.--'' and all that follows 
        through ``(2) Program assessment.--If the Secretary'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(d) Program Assessment.--If the Secretary''; and
            (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) as 
        paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively, and indenting the 
        left margin of such paragraphs, as so redesignated, two ems 
        from the left margin.
        (4) Nuclear triad report.--Section 1054 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
    repealed.
    (q) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81) is amended as follows:
        (1) Performance management system and appointment procedures 
    report.--Section 1102 (5 U.S.C. 9902 note) is amended by striking 
    subsection (b).
        (2) Global security contingency fund report.--Section 1207 (22 
    U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (n); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (o) and (p) as subsections 
        (n) and (o).
        (3) Data servers and centers cost savings report.--Section 2867 
    (10 U.S.C. 2223a note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (r) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239) is amended as follows:
        (1) F-22A raptor modernization program report.--Section 144 
    (126 Stat. 1663) is amended by striking subsection (c).
        (2) TRICARE mail-order pharmacy program report.--Section 716 
    (10 U.S.C. 1074g note) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (e); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (e) and (f).
        (3) Warriors in transition programs report.--Section 738 (10 
    U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (e); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e).
        (4) Use of indemnification agreements report.--Section 865 (126 
    Stat. 1861) is repealed.
        (5) Counter space technology report.--Section 917 (126 Stat. 
    1878) is repealed.
        (6) Imagery intelligence and geospatial information support 
    report.--Section 921 (126 Stat. 1878) is amended by striking 
    subsection (c).
        (7) Computer network operations coordination report.--Section 
    1079 (10 U.S.C. 221 note) is amended by striking subsection (c).
        (8) Updates of activities of office of security cooperation in 
    iraq report.--Section 1211(d) (126 Stat. 1983) is amended--
            (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (3).
        (9) United states participation in the atares program report.--
    Section 1276 (10 U.S.C. 2350c note) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsections (e) and (f); and
            (B) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (e).
    (s) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66) is amended as follows:
        (1) Modernizing personnel security strategy metrics report.--
    Section 907(c)(3) (10 U.S.C. 1564 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``(A) Metrics required.--In'' and inserting 
        ``In''; and
            (B) by striking subparagraph (B).
        (2) Defense clandestine service report.--Section 923 (10 U.S.C. 
    prec. 421 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (b); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) as 
        subsection (b), (c), and (d), respectively.
        (3) International agreements relating to dod report.--Section 
    1249 (127 Stat. 925) is repealed.
        (4) Small business growth report.--Section 1611 (127 Stat. 946) 
    is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (t) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015.--The 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291) is amended as follows:
        (1) Assignment of private sector personnel to defense advanced 
    research projects agency report.--Section 232 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note) 
    is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (e); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively.
        (2) Government lodging program report.--Section 914 (5 U.S.C. 
    5911 note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
        (3) DOD response to compromises of classified information 
    report.--Section 1052 (128 Stat. 3497) is repealed.
        (4) Personnel protection and personnel survivability equipment 
    loan report.--Section 1207 (10 U.S.C. 2342 note) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (d); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively.
        (5) DOD assistance to counter isis report.--Section 1236 (128 
    Stat. 3558) is amended by striking subsection (d).
        (6) Cooperative threat reduction program use of contributions 
    report.--Section 1325 (50 U.S.C. 3715) is amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (e); and
            (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively.
        (7) Cooperative threat reduction program facilities 
    certification report.--Section 1341 (50 U.S.C. 3741) is repealed.
        (8) Cooperative threat reduction program project category 
    report.--Section 1342 (50 U.S.C. 3742) is repealed.
        (9) Statement on allocation of funds for space security and 
    defense program.--Section 1607 (128 Stat. 3625) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``(a) Allocation of Funds.--'';
            (B) by striking subsections (b), (c), and (d); and
            (C) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``This 
        requirement shall terminate on December 19, 2019.''.
    (u) Preservation of Certain Additional Reports.--Effective as of 
December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
1061(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) is amended as follows:
        (1) National guard bureau report.--By inserting after paragraph 
    (63) the following new paragraph:
        ``(64) Section 10504(b).''.
        (2) Report on procurement of contract services.--By inserting 
    after paragraph (64), as added by paragraph (1), the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(65) Section 235.''.
        (3) Annual defense manpower requirements report.--By inserting 
    after paragraph (65), as added by paragraph (2), the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(66) Section 115a.''.
        (4) STARBASE program report.--By inserting after paragraph 
    (66), as added by paragraph (3), the following new paragraph:
        ``(67) Section 2193b(g).''.
    (v) Preservation of Vetted Syrian Opposition Report.--Effective as 
of December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
1061(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
        ``(18) Section 1209(d) (128 Stat. 3542).''.
    (w) Preservation of Reports Required by Other Laws.--Effective as 
of December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
1061(i) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) is amended as follows:
        (1) National guard youth challenge report.--By adding at the 
    end the following new paragraph:
        ``(34) Section 509(k) of title 32, United States Code.''.
        (2)  Annual report on support to law enforcement agencies 
    conducting counter-terrorism activities.--By inserting after 
    paragraph (34), as added by paragraph (1), the following new 
    paragraph:
        ``(35) Section 1022(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
    Act for 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 371 note).''.
    (x) Termination of Certain Additional Reports.--Effective on 
December 31, 2021, the reports required under the following provisions 
of title 10, United States Code, shall no longer be required to be 
submitted to Congress:
        (1) Section 113(c)(1).
        (2) Section 113(e).
        (3) Section 116.
        (4) Section 2432.
    (y) Report to Congress.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives a report that includes the 
following:
        (1) A list of all reports required to be submitted to Congress 
    by the Department of Defense, or any officer, official, component, 
    or element of the Department, from any source of law other than an 
    annual national defense authorization Act as of April 1, 2015.
        (2) For each report included on the list under paragraph (1), a 
    citation to the provision of law under which the report is required 
    to be submitted.
    (z) Effective Date.--Except as provided in subsections (u), (v), 
and (w) the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the 
later of--
        (1) the date of the enactment of this Act; or
        (2) November 25, 2017.
SEC. 1052. REPORT ON TRANSFER OF DEFENSE ARTICLES TO UNITS COMMITTING 
GROSS VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on the transfer of defense articles to units 
committing gross violations of human rights.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
        (1) A description of the current laws, guidance, and policies, 
    if any, for Department of Defense personnel to monitor and report 
    the transfer of defense articles, provided to the government of a 
    foreign state pursuant to a Department of Defense assistance 
    authority, that have subsequently been provided by that government 
    to a unit of that foreign state that is prohibited from receiving 
    assistance from the United States by reason of a determination by 
    the Secretary of State that there is credible evidence that such 
    unit has committed a gross violation of human rights.
        (2) A description of any confirmed instances since January 1, 
    2016, in which the government of a foreign state that has received 
    defense articles pursuant to a Department of Defense assistance 
    authority has subsequently transferred the equipment to a unit of 
    that foreign state that is prohibited from receiving assistance 
    from the United States by reason of a determination by the 
    Secretary of State that there is credible evidence that such unit 
    has committed a gross violation of human rights.
    (c) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
    Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 1053. REPORT ON THE NATIONAL BIODEFENSE ANALYSIS AND 
COUNTERMEASURES CENTER.
    (a) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
Homeland Security and the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report, prepared in consultation 
with the officials listed in subsection (b), on the National Biodefense 
Analysis and Countermeasures Center (referred to in this section as the 
``NBACC''). Such report shall contain the following information:
        (1) The functions of the NBACC.
        (2) The end users of the NBACC, including those whose assets 
    may be managed by other agencies.
        (3) The cost and mission impact for each user identified under 
    paragraph (2) of any potential closure of the NBACC, including an 
    analysis of the functions of the NBACC that cannot be replicated by 
    other departments and agencies of the Federal Government.
        (4) In the case of closure of the NBACC, a transition plan for 
    any essential functions currently performed by the NBACC to ensure 
    mission continuity, including the storage of samples needed for 
    ongoing criminal cases.
    (b) Consultation.--The officials listed in this subsection are the 
following:
        (1) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
        (2) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
        (3) The Attorney General.
        (4) The Director of National Intelligence.
        (5) As determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
    leaders of other offices that use the NBACC.
    (c) Form.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    (d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated in 
this Act may be used to support the closure or transfer of the NBACC 
until--
        (1) the report required by subsection (a) has been submitted; 
    and
        (2) the heads of the Federal agencies that use the NBACC 
    jointly provide to the appropriate congressional committees 
    certification that the closure or transfer of the NBACC would not 
    have a negative effect on biological defense capabilities.
    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--For purposes of 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives, the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security of the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security and 
Governmental Affairs of the Senate, the Committees on Judiciary of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee on Oversight and 
Government Reform of the House of Representatives, the Permanent Select 
Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the 
Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
SEC. 1054. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ARCTIC CAPABILITY AND 
RESOURCE GAPS AND REQUIRED INFRASTRUCTURE.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth--
        (1) necessary steps the Department of Defense is undertaking to 
    resolve Arctic security capability and resource gaps; and
        (2) the requirements and investment plans for military 
    infrastructure required to protect United States national security 
    interests in the Arctic region.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include an 
analysis of each of the following:
        (1) The infrastructure needed to ensure national security in 
    the Arctic region.
        (2) Any shortfalls in observation, remote sensing capabilities, 
    ice prediction, and weather forecasting, including an analysis of--
            (A) the readiness challenges posed by a changing Arctic 
        region; and
            (B) changes to the Arctic region that affect existing 
        military infrastructure.
        (3) Any shortfalls of the Department in navigational aids.
        (4) Any additional, necessary high-latitude electronic and 
    communications infrastructure requirements.
        (5) Any gaps in intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
    coverage and recommendations for additional intelligence, 
    surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities.
        (6) Any shortfalls in personnel recovery capabilities.
        (7) United States national security interests in the Arctic 
    region, including strategic national assets, United States 
    citizens, territory, freedom of navigation, and economic and trade 
    interests in the region.
        (8) United States military capabilities needed for operations 
    in Arctic terrain, including types of forces, major weapon systems, 
    and logistics required for operations in such terrain.
        (9) The installations, infrastructure, and deep water ports for 
    deployment of assets required to support operations in the Arctic 
    region, including the stationing, deployment, and training of 
    military forces for operations in the region.
        (10) Any additional capabilities the Secretary determines 
    should be incorporated into future Navy surface combatants.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1055. REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL 
RECOVERY AND NONCONVENTIONAL ASSISTED RECOVERY MECHANISMS.
    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a review 
and assessment of personnel recovery and nonconventional assisted 
recovery programs, authorities, and policies.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
        (1) An overall strategy defining personnel recovery and 
    nonconventional assisted recovery programs and activities, 
    including how such programs and activities support the requirements 
    of the geographic combatant commanders.
        (2) A comprehensive review and assessment of statutory 
    authorities, policies, and interagency coordination mechanisms, 
    including limitations and shortfalls, for personnel recovery and 
    nonconventional assisted recovery programs and activities.
        (3) A comprehensive description of current validated 
    requirements and anticipated future personnel recovery and 
    nonconventional assisted recovery requirements across the future 
    years defense program, as validated by the Joint Staff.
        (4) An overview of validated current and expected future force 
    structure requirements necessary to meet near-, 
    mid-, and long-term personnel recovery and nonconventional assisted 
    recovery programs and activities of the geographic combatant 
    commanders.
        (5) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Form of Assessment.--The assessment required under subsection 
(a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
classified annex.
    (d) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date on which the assessment required under subsection (a) is 
submitted, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a review of such assessment.
SEC. 1056. MINE WARFARE READINESS INSPECTION PLAN AND REPORT.
    (a) Inspection Plan.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this subsection, the Chief of Naval Operations, in 
consultation with the Combatant Commanders, shall submit a plan for 
inspections of each unit and organization tasked with delivering 
operational capability, missions and mission essential tasks, 
functions, supporting roles, organization, manning, training, and 
materiel for naval mine warfare. At a minimum, inspected units and 
organizations shall include those required in the Joint Strategic 
Capabilities Plan and those assigned in the Forces For Unified Commands 
document or have the potential to support, by deployment or otherwise, 
a directed Operation Plan, Concept Plan, contingency operation, 
homeland security operation, or Defense Support of Civil Authorities 
requirements for naval offensive or defensive mine warfare.
    (b) Criteria.--This inspection plan shall propose methods to 
analytically assess, evaluate, improve and assure mission readiness of 
each unit or organization with required operational capabilities for 
naval mine warfare. Inspection shall include--
        (1) an assessment or verification of material condition;
        (2) unit wide training and personnel readiness as measured by 
    established tasks, conditions and standards that demonstrate the 
    unit readiness to perform their wartime or homeland defense 
    mission;
        (3) force through unit level training;
        (4) readiness to support multi-echelon, joint service mine 
    warfare operations as part of an offensive, defensive mining or 
    mine countermeasures task;
        (5) readiness to support combatant commander campaign plans, 
    operational plan, concept plan, or the Joint Strategic Capabilities 
    Plan;
        (6) required operational capability;
        (7) inspection and reinspection process; and
        (8) inspection periodicy.
    (c) Applicability.--The inspection requirements under this 
subsection apply to the following units and organizations:
        (1) Surface MCM vessels or vessels performing MCM tasks.
        (2) Airborne MCM squadrons.
        (3) Mobile mine assembly groups and mobile mine assembly units.
        (4) Fleet patrol squadrons with mine laying capabilities.
        (5) LCS and LCS MCM mission modules upon reaching IOC.
        (6) Mine countermeasures squadrons.
        (7) Units exercising command and control over MIW forces.
        (8) MCM operational support ships.
        (9) Attack and guided missile submarines with mine laying 
    capabilities.
        (10) Magnetic and acoustic silencing facilities.
        (11) EOD MCM or VSW Companies and Platoons.
        (12) SEAL (ESG / CSG) USMC units with VSW capability.
    (d) Certification.--The Chief of Naval Operations shall submit to 
the Secretary of Defense, the Combatant Commanders, the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff and to Congress a report on the program under 
this subsection. The report shall contain a classified section which 
addresses capability and capacity to meet JSCP, OPLAN, CONPLAN and 
contingency requirements and unclassified section with general summary 
and readiness trends.
    (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 1090 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) is repealed.
SEC. 1057. ANNUAL REPORT ON CIVILIAN CASUALTIES IN CONNECTION WITH 
UNITED STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.
    (a) Annual Report Required.--Not later than May 1 each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on civilian casualties caused as a result of United 
States military operations during the preceding year.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall set forth the 
following:
        (1) A list of all the United States military operations during 
    the year covered by such report that were confirmed, or reasonably 
    suspected, to have resulted in civilian casualties.
        (2) For each military operation listed pursuant to paragraph 
    (1), each of the following:
            (A) The date.
            (B) The location.
            (C) An identification of whether the operation occurred 
        inside or outside of a declared theater of active armed 
        conflict.
            (D) The type of operation.
            (E) An assessment of the number of civilian and enemy 
        combatant casualties.
        (3) A description of the process by which the Department of 
    Defense investigates allegations of civilian casualties resulting 
    from United States military operations.
        (4) A description of steps taken by the Department to mitigate 
    harm to civilians in conducting such operations.
        (5) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines are 
    relevant.
    (c) Use of Sources.--In preparing a report under this section, the 
Secretary of Defense shall take into account relevant and credible all-
source reporting, including information from public reports and 
nongovernmental sources.
    (d) Form.--Each report under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (e) Sunset.--The requirement to submit a report under subsection 
(a) shall expire on the date that is five years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1058. REPORT ON JOINT PACIFIC ALASKA RANGE COMPLEX MODERNIZATION.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report regarding proposed 
improvements to the Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
        (1) An analysis of existing Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex 
    infrastructure.
        (2) A summary of improvements to the range infrastructure the 
    Secretary determines are necessary--
            (A) for fifth generation fighters to train at maximum 
        potential; and
            (B) to provide a realistic air warfare environment versus a 
        near-peer adversary for--
                (i) four squadrons of fifth generation fighters;
                (ii) annual Red Flag-Alaska exercises; and
                (iii) biannual Operation Northern Edge exercises.
SEC. 1059. REPORT ON ALTERNATIVES TO AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the Department's status with respect to 
developing a new military specification for safe and effective 
alternatives to aqueous film forming foam (hereinafter referred to as 
``AFFF'') that do not contain perfluorooctanoic acid (hereinafter 
referred to as ``PFOA'') or erfluorooctanesulfonic acid (hereinafter 
referred to as ``PFOS'').
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph (1) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A detailed explanation of the Department's status with 
    respect to developing a new military specification for safe and 
    effective alternatives to AFFF that do not contain PFOA or PFOS.
        (2) An update on the Secretary's plans for replacing AFFF 
    containing PFOA or PFOS at military installations across the 
    country and methods of disposal for AFFF containing PFOA or PFOS.
        (3) An overview of current and planned research and development 
    for AFFF alternatives that do not contain PFOA or PFOS.
        (4) An assessment of how the establishment of a maximum 
    contaminant level for PFOA or PFOS under the Safe Drinking Water 
    Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.), rather than the current health 
    advisory level, would impact the Department's mitigation actions, 
    prioritization of such actions, and research and development 
    related to PFOA and PFOS.
SEC. 1060. ASSESSMENT OF GLOBAL FORCE POSTURE.
    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the chiefs 
of the military services, and the commanders of the combatant commands, 
provide for and oversee an assessment of the global force posture of 
the Armed Forces.
    (b) Report.--Not later than the earlier of 180 days after the 
production of the 2018 National Defense Strategy (which is intended to 
be closely coordinated with and complementary to a new National 
Security Strategy) or December 31, 2018, the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the assessment required by subsection (a). 
The report shall include the following:
        (1) Recommendations for force size, structure, and basing 
    globally that reflect and complement the force sizing and planning 
    construct included in the 2018 National Defense Strategy in order 
    to guide the growth of the force structure of the Armed Forces, 
    which recommendations shall be based on an evaluation of the 
    relative costs of rotational and forward-based forces as well as 
    impacts to deployment timelines of threats to lines of 
    communication and anti-access area denial capabilities of potential 
    adversaries.
        (2) An assessment by each commander of a combatant command of 
    the capability and force structure gaps within the context of an 
    evaluation of the projected threats in the theater of operations of 
    the combatant command concerned and the operation plans of each 
    combatant command.
        (3) An evaluation of the headquarters manning requirements to 
    oversee and direct execution of current operational plans.
SEC. 1061. ARMY MODERNIZATION STRATEGY.
    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop a 
modernization strategy for the total Army.
    (b) Elements.--The strategy required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
        (1) A comprehensive description of the future total Army, 
    including key objectives, war fighting challenges, and risks, 
    sufficient to establish requirements, set priorities, identify 
    opportunity costs, and establish acquisition time lines for the 
    total Army over a period beyond the period of the current future-
    years defense program under section 221 of title 10, United States 
    Code.
        (2) Mechanisms for identifying programs of the Army that may be 
    unnecessary, or do not perform according to expectations, in 
    achieving the future total Army.
        (3) A comprehensive description of the manner in which the 
    future total Army intends to fight and win as part of a joint force 
    engaged in combat across all operational domains.
        (4) A comprehensive description of the mechanisms required by 
    the future total Army to maintain command, control, and 
    communications and sustainment.
        (5) A description of--
            (A) the combat vehicle modernization priorities of the Army 
        over the next 5 and 10 years;
            (B) the extent to which such priorities can be supported at 
        current funding levels within a relevant time period;
            (C) the extent to which additional funds are required to 
        support such priorities;
            (D) how the Army is balancing and resourcing such 
        priorities with efforts to rebuild and sustain readiness and 
        increase force structure capacity over this same time period; 
        and
            (E) how the Army is balancing its near-term modernization 
        efforts with an accelerated long-term strategy for acquiring 
        next generation combat vehicle capabilities.
    (c) Particular Considerations.--In developing the strategy required 
by subsection (a), the Secretary shall take into particular account the 
following:
        (1) Current trends and developments in weapons and equipment 
    technologies.
        (2) New tactics and force design of peer adversaries, including 
    the rapid pace of development of such tactics and force design by 
    such adversaries.
    (d) Report.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than April 30, 2018, the Secretary 
    shall submit to the congressional defense committees the strategy 
    required by subsection (a).
        (2) Form.--If the report is submitted in classified form, the 
    report shall be accompanied by an unclassified summary.
    (e) Comptroller General Assessment.--
        (1) Assessment.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
    shall conduct an assessment of the modernization strategy required 
    by subsection (a).
        (2) Focus.--In carrying out the assessment under paragraph (1), 
    the Comptroller General shall focus on evaluating--
            (A) the development of the modernization priorities of the 
        Army for the five-year period beginning on the date of the 
        enactment of this Act;
            (B) how the Army is balancing and resourcing such 
        priorities with efforts to rebuild and sustain readiness and 
        increase force structure capacity over such period; and
            (C) the extent to which the Army has balanced its near-term 
        modernization efforts with its long-term strategy for acquiring 
        new capabilities.
        (3) Congressional reporting.--
            (A) Briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2018, the Comptroller 
        General shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the preliminary assessment of the Comptroller 
        General under paragraph (1).
            (B) Report.--The Comptroller General shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the final 
        assessment of the Comptroller General under such paragraph.
    (f) Total Army Defined.--In this section, the term ``total Army'' 
means the active components and the reserve components of the Army.
SEC. 1062. REPORT ON ARMY PLAN TO IMPROVE OPERATIONAL UNIT READINESS BY 
REDUCING NUMBER OF NON-DEPLOYABLE SOLDIERS ASSIGNED TO OPERATIONAL 
UNITS.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the plans of the Army to improve operational 
unit readiness in the Army by reducing the number of non-deployable 
soldiers assigned to operational units of the Army and replacing such 
soldiers with soldiers capable of world-wide deployment.
SEC. 1063. EFFORTS TO COMBAT PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES ON CERTAIN NAVY 
AIRCRAFT.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter until January 1, 
2020, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees information on efforts by the Navy's Physiological 
Episode Team to combat the prevalence of physiological episodes in F/A-
18 Hornet and Super Hornet, EA-18G Growler, and T-45 Goshawk aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The information required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) A description of Naval Aviation Enterprise activities 
    addressing physiological episodes during the reporting period.
        (2) An estimate of funding expended in support of the 
    activities described under paragraph (1).
        (3) A description of any planned or executed changes to 
    Physiological Episode Team structure or processes.
        (4) A description of activities planned for the upcoming two 
    quarters.
    (c) Form.--The information required under subsection (a) may be 
provided in a written report or a briefing.
SEC. 1064. STUDIES ON AIRCRAFT INVENTORIES FOR THE AIR FORCE.
    (a) Independent Studies.--
        (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for the 
    performance of three independent studies of alternative aircraft 
    inventories through 2030, and an associated force-sizing construct, 
    for the Air Force.
        (2) Submittal to congress.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
    Secretary shall submit the results of each study to the 
    congressional defense committees.
        (3) Form.--The result of each study shall be submitted in 
    unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (b) Entities To Perform Studies.--The Secretary shall provide for 
the studies under subsection (a) to be performed as follows:
        (1) One study shall be performed by the Secretary of the Air 
    Force, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Net 
    Assessment.
        (2) One study shall be performed by a federally funded research 
    and development center.
        (3) One study shall be conducted by an independent, 
    nongovernmental institute which is described in section 501(c)(3) 
    of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under 
    section 501(a) of such Code, and has recognized credentials and 
    expertise in national security and military affairs.
    (c) Performance of Studies.--
        (1) Independent performance.--The Secretary shall require the 
    studies under this section to be conducted independently of one 
    another.
        (2) Matters to be considered.--In performing a study under this 
    section, the organization performing the study, while being aware 
    of current and projected aircraft inventories for the Air Force, 
    shall not be limited by such current or projected aircraft 
    inventories, and shall consider the following matters:
            (A) The national security and national defense strategies 
        of the United States.
            (B) Potential future threats to the United States and to 
        United States air and space forces through 2030.
            (C) Traditional roles and missions of the Air Force.
            (D) Alternative roles and missions for the Air Force.
            (E) The force-sizing methodology and rationale used to 
        calculated aircraft inventory levels.
            (F) Other government and nongovernment analyses that would 
        contribute to the study through variations in study assumptions 
        or potential scenarios.
            (G) The role of evolving technology on future air forces, 
        including unmanned and space systems.
            (H) Opportunities for reduced operation and sustainment 
        costs.
            (I) Current and projected capabilities of other Armed 
        Forces that could affect force structure capability and 
        capacity requirements of the Air Force.
    (d) Study Results.--The results of each study under this section 
shall--
        (1) identify a force-sizing construct for the Air Force that 
    connects national security strategy to aircraft inventories;
        (2) present the alternative aircraft inventories considered, 
    with assumptions and possible scenarios identified for each;
        (3) provide for presentation of minority views of study 
    participants; and
        (4) for the recommended inventories, provide--
            (A) the numbers and types of aircraft, the numbers and 
        types of manned and unmanned aircraft, and the basic 
        capabilities of each of such platforms;
            (B) describe the force-sizing rationale used to arrive at 
        the recommended inventory levels;
            (C) other information needed to understand the aircraft 
        inventories in basic form and the supporting analysis; and
            (D) options to address aircraft types whose retirement 
        commences before 2030.
SEC. 1065. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REVIEW OF NAVY CAPABILITIES IN THE 
ARCTIC REGION.
    (a) Report on Capabilities.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to 
    the congressional defense committees a report on the capabilities 
    of the Navy in the Arctic region.
        (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
    include an analysis of the following:
            (A) The current naval capabilities of the Department of 
        Defense in the Arctic region, with a particular emphasis on 
        surface capabilities.
            (B) Any gaps that exist between the current naval 
        capabilities described in subparagraph (A) and the ability of 
        the Department to fully execute its updated strategy for the 
        Arctic region.
            (C) Any gaps in the capabilities described in subparagraph 
        (A) that require ice-hardening of existing vessels or the 
        construction of new vessels to preserve freedom of navigation 
        in the Arctic region whenever and wherever necessary.
            (D) An analysis and recommendation of which Navy vessels 
        could be ice-hardened to effectively preserve freedom of 
        navigation in the Arctic region when and where necessary, in 
        all seasons and weather conditions.
            (E) An analysis of any cost increases or schedule 
        adjustments that may result from ice-hardening existing or new 
        Navy vessels.
    (b) Comptroller General of the United States Review.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date on which the Secretary submits the report 
required by subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a review of 
the report, including any matters in connection with the report and the 
review that the Comptroller General considers appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) and the review under 
subsection (b) shall each be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
include a classified annex.
SEC. 1066. COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF MARITIME INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, 
RECONNAISSANCE, AND TARGETING CAPABILITIES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting 
capabilities.
    (b) Comprehensive Review.--The report required in subsection (a) 
shall include a comprehensive review of the following elements for the 
2025 and 2035 timeframes:
        (1) A description of the projected steady-state demands for 
    maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting 
    capabilities and capacity in each timeframe, including protracted 
    gray-zone or low-intensity confrontations between the United States 
    or its allies and potential adversaries such as Russia, China, 
    North Korea, and Iran.
        (2) A description of potential warfighting planning scenarios 
    in which maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and 
    targeting capabilities will be required in each prescribed 
    timeframe, including the most demanding such scenario.
        (3) A description of the undersea, surface, and air threats for 
    each scenario described in paragraph (2) that will require maritime 
    intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting to be 
    conducted in order to achieve warfighting objectives.
        (4) An assessment of the sufficiency of maritime intelligence, 
    surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting program capability and 
    capacity to achieve the warfighting objectives described in 
    paragraph (3) in the most demanding scenario described in paragraph 
    (2), including the effects of attrition.
        (5) Planned operational concepts, including a High level 
    operational concept graphic (OV-1) for each such concept, for 
    conducting maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and 
    targeting capabilities during steady state operations and 
    warfighting scenarios described in paragraph (2), including 
    consideration of distributed combat operations in a satellite 
    denied environment.
        (6) Specific capability or capacity gaps and risk areas in the 
    ability or sufficiency of maritime intelligence, surveillance, 
    reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities.
        (7) Potential mitigation or solutions to address the capability 
    and capacity gaps and risk areas identified in paragraph (6), 
    including new capabilities, increased capacity, or new operating 
    concepts that could be employed by the Navy.
        (8) A description of the funding amount by fiscal year, initial 
    operational capability, and full operational capability for each 
    maritime intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting 
    program identified in paragraph (4), based on the President's 
    fiscal year 2019 future years defense program, including unfunded 
    and partially funded programs.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
SEC. 1067. REPORT ON THE NEED FOR A JOINT CHEMICAL-BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE 
LOGISTICS CENTER.
    Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
following:
        (1) A description of the operational need and requirement for a 
    consolidated Joint Chemical-Biological Defense Logistics Center.
        (2) Identification of the specific operational requirements for 
    rapid deployment of chemical and biological defense assets and the 
    sustainment requirements for maintenance, storage, inspection, and 
    distribution of specialized chemical, biological, radiological, and 
    nuclear equipment at the Joint Chemical-Biological Defense 
    Logistics Center.
        (3) A definition of program objectives and milestones to 
    achieve initial operating capability and full operating capability.
        (4) Estimated facility and personnel resource requirements for 
    use in planning, programming, and budgeting.
        (5) An environmental assessment of proposed effects in 
    accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
    U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
SEC. 1068. MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME CATEGORY I UNMANNED AERIAL 
VEHICLE SYSTEMS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of 
State shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
report providing an evaluation of the impact to national security of 
current United States policy regarding proliferation of complete 
unmanned aerial vehicle systems under Category I of the Missile 
Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
        (1) An analysis of Category I unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) 
    in production globally and the countries that export such systems, 
    including the volume and location.
        (2) An evaluation of the impact of the MTCR presumption of 
    denial relating to Category I UAVs on identified United States 
    security interests, including the presumption's nonproliferation 
    benefits and the extent to which the presumption may foster the 
    growth of foreign UAV providers, reducing United States Government 
    influence and the qualitative United States technological edge.
        (3) An evaluation of the potential risks and benefits to 
    security posed by exports of UAVs, whether or not covered by 
    Category I criteria, to identify characteristics that pose 
    particular concerns, such as speed, radar cross-section, swarming 
    capability, surveillance payload, low observable features, armor, 
    and anti-aircraft countermeasures.
        (4) A discussion of how the evaluation above should inform 
    United States Government and allied and partner licensing guidance 
    with respect to the MTCR presumption of denial and its potential 
    impacts, United States Government proposals for revisions to the 
    MTCR Guidelines, and differences among UAVs (Category I, as well as 
    Category II UAVs that pose particular concerns).
        (5) Any other matters the Secretaries consider appropriate.
    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
        (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign 
    Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
        (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign 
    Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
    Representatives.
SEC. 1069. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INTERAGENCY VETTING OF FOREIGN 
INVESTMENTS AFFECTING NATIONAL SECURITY.
    (a) Plan and Recommendations Required.--The Secretary of Defense, 
in concurrence with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Treasury, 
and the Director of National Intelligence, shall assess and develop a 
plan and recommendations for agencies of the United States Government, 
other than the Department of Defense, to improve the effectiveness of 
the interagency vetting of foreign investments that could potentially 
impair the national security of the United States.
    (b) Objectives.--The recommendations required by subsection (a) 
shall have the following objectives:
        (1) To increase collaboration and coordination among agencies 
    of the United States Government in the identification and 
    prevention of foreign investments that could potentially impair the 
    national security of the United States.
        (2) To increase collaboration and cooperation among the United 
    States Government and governments of United States allies and 
    partners on investments described in paragraph (1), including 
    through information sharing.
        (3) To increase collaboration and cooperation among agencies of 
    the United States Government to identify and mitigate potential 
    threats to critical United States technologies from foreign state 
    owned or state controlled entities.
    (c) Analysis.--The recommendations required by subsection (a) shall 
be based upon analysis of the following:
        (1) Whether the current interagency vetting processes and 
    policies place adequate focus on the potential threats presented by 
    influence of the foreign governments over business entities seeking 
    investment in the United States.
        (2) The current or projected major vulnerabilities of the 
    defense industrial base pertaining to foreign investment, including 
    in the areas of cybersecurity, reliance on foreign suppliers in the 
    defense supply chain access to materials that are essential for 
    national defense, and the use of transportation assets and other 
    critical infrastructure for training, mobilizing, and deploying 
    forces.
        (3) Whether the current interagency vetting process for foreign 
    investments--
            (A) requires additional resources to be effective;
            (B) permits the interagency establishment adequate time to 
        thoroughly review transactions and to conduct national security 
        threat assessments;
            (C) assesses the risks posed by transactions before they 
        are implemented; and
            (D) provides adequate monitoring and compliance of 
        agreements to mitigate such risks.
        (4) The counterintelligence risks posed by purchases or leases 
    of Federal land.
        (5) Whether and to what extent industrial espionage is 
    occurring against private United States companies to obtain 
    commercial secrets related to critical or foundational 
    technologies.
        (6) Whether and to what extent foreseeable foreign investments 
    have the potential to--
            (A) reduce any United States technological or industrial 
        advantage of the United States; or
            (B) increase the vulnerability of the United States to 
        information operations, including the purposeful dissemination 
        of false or misleading information to the American public and 
        the manipulation of American public opinion on critical public 
        policy issues.
        (7) Whether currently mandated annual reports to Congress on 
    the interagency vetting of foreign investments should be revised to 
    ensure that they provide valuable information.
    (d) Considerations.--The recommendations required by subsection (a) 
shall take into consideration each of the following:
        (1) Trends in foreign investment transactions, including joint 
    ventures, the sale of assets pursuant to bankruptcy, and the 
    purchase or lease of real estate in proximity to Government 
    installations that could impair national security.
        (2) Strategies used by foreign investors to exploit 
    vulnerabilities in existing foreign investment vetting processes 
    and regulations.
        (3) Any market distortion or unfair competition incurred by 
    foreign transactions that directly or indirectly impairs the 
    national security or the United States.
    (e) Reports.--
        (1) Interim report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
    the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the progress of 
    the Secretary in developing the recommendations required by 
    subsection (a).
        (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
    the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
    appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the 
    recommendations developed pursuant to subsection (a).
        (3) Form.--Each report under this subsection shall be submitted 
    in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
        (4) Appropriate committees of congress.--In this subsection, 
    the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (A) the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives;
            (B) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (C) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
            (D) the Committee on Financial Services of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (E) the Committee on Finance of the Senate;
            (F) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        House of Representatives; and
            (G) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
SEC. 1070. BRIEFING ON PRIOR ATTEMPTED RUSSIAN CYBER ATTACKS AGAINST 
DEFENSE SYSTEMS.
    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Director of National 
Intelligence, shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on all attempts to 
breach, intrude, or otherwise hack into Department of Defense systems 
that--
        (1) occurred during the last 24-month period ending on the date 
    of the enactment of this Act; and
        (2) were attributable either to the government of the Russian 
    Federation or actors substantially supported by the government of 
    the Russian Federation.
SEC. 1071. ENHANCED ANALYTICAL AND MONITORING CAPABILITY OF THE DEFENSE 
INDUSTRIAL BASE.
    (a) Process.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
    process, or designate an existing process, for enhancing the 
    ability of the Department of Defense to analyze, assess, and 
    monitor the vulnerabilities of, and concentration of purchases in, 
    the defense industrial base.
        (2) Elements.--The process required by subsection (a) shall 
    include the following elements:
            (A) Designation of a senior official responsible for 
        overseeing the development and implementation of the process.
            (B) Development or integration of tools to support 
        commercial due diligence and business intelligence or to 
        otherwise analyze and monitor commercial activity to understand 
        business relationships affecting the defense industrial base.
            (C) Development of risk profiles of products, services, or 
        entities based on business intelligence, commercial due 
        diligence tools and data services.
            (D) As the Secretary determines necessary, integration with 
        intelligence sources to develop threat profiles of entities 
        attempting transactions with a defense industrial base 
        companies.
            (E) Other matters as the Secretary deems necessary.
        (3) Notification.--Not later than 90 days after establishing or 
    designating the process required by subsection (a), the Secretary 
    shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
    House of Representatives notice in writing that such process has 
    been established or otherwise designated. Such notification shall 
    include the following:
            (A) Identification of the official required to be 
        designated under paragraph (2)(A).
            (B) Identification of the tools described in paragraph 
        (2)(B) that are currently available to Department of Defense 
        and any other tools available commercially or otherwise that 
        might contribute to enhancing the analytic capability of the 
        process.
            (C) Identification of, or recommendations for, any 
        statutory changes needed to improve the effectiveness of the 
        process.
            (D) Projected resources necessary to purchase any 
        commercially available tools identified under subparagraph (B) 
        and to carry out any statutory changes identified under 
        subparagraph (C).
    (b) Reporting.--
        (1) Consolidated report on vulnerabilities of, and 
    concentration of purchases in, the defense industrial base.--
            (A) Report required.--For each of fiscal years 2018 through 
        2023, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a consolidated report that combines 
        all of the reports required to be provided to Congress for that 
        fiscal year on the adequacy of, vulnerabilities of, and 
        concentration of purchases in the defense industrial sector. 
        Such consolidated report shall include each of the following:
                (i) The report required under section 721(m) of the 
            Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4565(m)) 
            (relating to concentrations of purchases of the defense 
            industrial base).
                (ii) The report required under section 723(a) of the 
            Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4568(a)) 
            (relating to offsets in defense production).
                (iii) The report required under section 2504 of title 
            10, United States Code (relating to annual industrial 
            capabilities).
                (iv) Any other reports the Secretary determines 
            appropriate.
            (B) Deadline.--A consolidated report under subparagraph (A) 
        shall be submitted by not later than March 31 of the fiscal 
        year following the fiscal year for which the report is 
        submitted.
        (2) Review of technology protection policy.--Not later than 270 
    days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
    Defense shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
    report describing any need for reforms of policies governing the 
    export of technology or related intellectual property, along with 
    any proposed legislative changes the Secretary believes are 
    necessary.
        (3) Form of reports.--Each report submitted under this 
    subsection shall be in unclassified form, but may contain a 
    classified annex.
        (4) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
    ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Financial Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations, and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        Senate.
SEC. 1072. REPORT ON DEFENSE OF COMBAT LOGISTICS AND STRATEGIC MOBILITY 
FORCES.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the defense of 
combat logistics and strategic mobility forces.
    (b) Covered Periods.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
cover two periods:
        (1) The period from 2018 through 2025.
        (2) The period from 2026 through 2035.
    (c) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include, 
for each of the periods covered by the report, the following:
        (1) A description of potential warfighting planning scenarios 
    in which combat logistics and strategic mobility forces will be 
    threatened, including the most demanding operational plan requiring 
    such forces.
        (2) A description of the combat logistics and strategic 
    mobility forces capacity, including additional combat logistics and 
    strategic mobility forces, that may be required due to losses from 
    attacks under each scenario described pursuant to paragraph (1).
        (3) A description of the projected capability and capacity of 
    subsurface threats to combat logistics and strategic mobility 
    forces for each scenario described pursuant to paragraph (1).
        (4) A description of planned operating concepts for defending 
    combat logistics and strategic mobility forces from subsurface, 
    surface, and air threats for each scenario described pursuant to 
    paragraph (1).
        (5) An assessment of the ability and availability of United 
    States naval forces to defend combat logistics and strategic 
    mobility forces from the threats described pursuant to paragraph 
    (1), while also accomplishing other assigned missions, for each 
    scenario described pursuant to that paragraph.
        (6) A description of specific capability gaps or risk areas in 
    the ability or availability of United States naval forces to defend 
    combat logistics and strategic mobility forces from the threats 
    described pursuant to paragraph (1).
        (7) A description and assessment of potential solutions to 
    address the capability gaps and risk areas identified pursuant to 
    paragraph (6), including new capabilities, increased capacity, or 
    new operating concepts that could be employed by United States 
    naval forces.
    (d) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (e) Combat Logistics and Strategic Mobility Forces Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``combat logistics and strategic mobility 
forces'' means the combat logistics force, the Ready Reserve Force, and 
the Military Sealift Command surge fleet.
SEC. 1073. REPORT ON ACQUISITION STRATEGY TO RECAPITALIZE THE EXISTING 
SYSTEM FOR UNDERSEA FIXED SURVEILLANCE.
    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the acquisition strategy 
to recapitalize the existing system for undersea fixed surveillance.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall address 
the following matters:
        (1) A description of undersea fixed surveillance system 
    recapitalization requirements, including key performance parameters 
    and key system attributes as applicable.
        (2) Cost estimates for procuring a future system or systems.
        (3) Projected dates for key milestones within the acquisition 
    strategy.
        (4) A description of how the acquisition strategy will improve 
    performance in the areas of detection and localization compared to 
    the legacy system to enable effective performance against current, 
    emerging, and future threats over the life of the systems.
        (5) A description of how the acquisition strategy will 
    encourage competition and reward innovation for addressing system 
    performance requirements.
SEC. 1074. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH 
THE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR MANAGEMENT OF SPECIAL 
OPERATIONS FORCES AND SPECIAL OPERATIONS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation of section 922 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328; 130 Stat. 2354) and the amendments made by that section (in 
this section collectively referred to as the ``covered authority'').
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
        (1) A statement of the responsibilities of the Assistant 
    Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity 
    Conflict that is consistent with the covered authority, including 
    an identification of any responsibilities to be divested by the 
    Assistant Secretary pursuant to the covered authority.
        (2) A resource-unconstrained analysis of manpower requirements 
    necessary to satisfy the responsibilities akin to those of the 
    Secretary of a military department that are specified by the 
    covered authority.
        (3) An accounting of civilian, military, and contractor 
    personnel currently assigned to the fulfillment of the 
    responsibilities akin to those of the Secretary of a military 
    department that are specified by the covered authority, including 
    responsibilities relating to budget, personnel, programs and 
    requirements, acquisition, and special access programs.
        (4) A description of actions taken to implement the covered 
    authority as of the date of the report, including the assignment of 
    any additional civilian, military, or contractor personnel to 
    fulfill additional responsibilities akin to those of the Secretary 
    of a military department that are specified by the covered 
    authority.
        (5) An explanation how the responsibilities akin to those of 
    the Secretary of a military department that assigned to the 
    Assistant Secretary by the covered authority will be fulfilled in 
    the absence of additional personnel being assigned to the office of 
    the Assistant Secretary.
        (6) An assessment of whether the responsibilities specified in 
    section 138(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, could be 
    accomplished more effectively if the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
    for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict were elevated to 
    an Under Secretary, including the potential benefits and negative 
    consequences of such a change.
        (7) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 1075. REPORT ON THE GLOBAL FOOD SYSTEM AND VULNERABILITIES 
RELEVANT TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.
    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the heads of such components of the Department of Defense as the 
Secretary considers appropriate, submit to the congressional defense 
committees an assessment of Department of Defense policies and 
operational plans for addressing the national security implications of 
global food system vulnerabilities.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include, 
at a minimum, the following:
        (1) An evaluation of vulnerabilities in the global food system 
    that may affect the national security of the United States and the 
    Department of Defense roles, missions, and capabilities in 
    addressing such vulnerabilities, including information technology, 
    data management, and surveillance capabilities for detection and 
    assessment of food system shocks with the potential to result in 
    the deployment of the Armed Forces or directly affect bilateral 
    security interests with allies or partners.
        (2) A characterization of how Department of Defense strategy, 
    policies, and plans, including the Unified Command Plan, defense 
    planning scenarios, operational plans, theater cooperation plans, 
    and other relevant planning documents and procedures, account for 
    food system vulnerabilities as precursors to and components of 
    protracted major state conflicts, civil wars, insurgencies, or 
    terrorism.
        (3) An evaluation of United States interests, including the 
    interests of allies and strategic partners, and potential United 
    States military operations, including thresholds for ordering such 
    operations, in regions where food system instability represents an 
    urgent and growing threat, including due to the presence of 
    destabilizing non-state actors who may weaponize access to food.
        (4) An identification of opportunities to initiate or further 
    develop cooperative military-to-military relationships to build 
    partner capacity to avoid, minimize, or control global and regional 
    food system shocks.

             Subtitle G--Modernizing Government Technology

SEC. 1076. DEFINITIONS.
    In this subtitle:
        (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
    Administrator of General Services.
        (2) Board.--The term ``Board'' means the Technology 
    Modernization Board established under section 1094(c)(1).
        (3) Cloud computing.--The term ``cloud computing'' has the 
    meaning given the term by the National Institute of Standards and 
    Technology in NIST Special Publication 800-145 and any amendatory 
    or superseding document thereto.
        (4) Director.--The term ``Director'' means the Director of the 
    Office of Management and Budget.
        (5) Fund.--The term ``Fund'' means the Technology Modernization 
    Fund established under section 1094(b)(1).
        (6) Information technology.--The term ``information 
    technology'' has the meaning given the term in section 3502 of 
    title 44, United States Code.
        (7) IT working capital fund.--The term ``IT working capital 
    fund'' means an information technology system modernization and 
    working capital fund established under section 1093(b)(1).
        (8) Legacy information technology system.--The term ``legacy 
    information technology system'' means an outdated or obsolete 
    system of information technology.
SEC. 1077. ESTABLISHMENT OF AGENCY INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS 
MODERNIZATION AND WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.
    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``covered agency'' means 
each agency listed in section 901(b) of title 31, United States Code.
    (b) Information Technology System Modernization and Working Capital 
Funds.--
        (1) Establishment.--The head of a covered agency may establish 
    within the covered agency an information technology system 
    modernization and working capital fund for necessary expenses 
    described in paragraph (3).
        (2) Source of funds.--The following amounts may be deposited 
    into an IT working capital fund:
            (A) Reprogramming and transfer of funds made available in 
        appropriations Acts enacted after the date of enactment of this 
        Act, including the transfer of any funds for the operation and 
        maintenance of legacy information technology systems, in 
        compliance with any applicable reprogramming law or guidelines 
        of the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives or transfer authority specifically provided 
        in appropriations law.
            (B) Amounts made available to the IT working capital fund 
        through discretionary appropriations made available after the 
        date of enactment of this Act.
        (3) Use of funds.--An IT working capital fund established under 
    paragraph (1) may only be used--
            (A) to improve, retire, or replace existing information 
        technology systems in the covered agency to enhance 
        cybersecurity and to improve efficiency and effectiveness 
        across the life of a given workload, procured using full and 
        open competition among all commercial items to the greatest 
        extent practicable;
            (B) to transition legacy information technology systems at 
        the covered agency to commercial cloud computing and other 
        innovative commercial platforms and technologies, including 
        those serving more than 1 covered agency with common 
        requirements;
            (C) to assist and support covered agency efforts to provide 
        adequate, risk-based, and cost-effective information technology 
        capabilities that address evolving threats to information 
        security;
            (D) to reimburse funds transferred to the covered agency 
        from the Fund with the approval of the Chief Information 
        Officer, in consultation with the Chief Financial Officer, of 
        the covered agency; and
            (E) for a program, project, or activity or to increase 
        funds for any program, project, or activity that has not been 
        denied or restricted by Congress.
        (4) Existing funds.--An IT working capital fund may not be used 
    to supplant funds provided for the operation and maintenance of any 
    system within an appropriation for the covered agency at the time 
    of establishment of the IT working capital fund.
        (5) Prioritization of funds.--The head of each covered agency--
            (A) shall prioritize funds within the IT working capital 
        fund of the covered agency to be used initially for cost 
        savings activities approved by the Chief Information Officer of 
        the covered agency; and
            (B) may reprogram and transfer any amounts saved as a 
        direct result of the cost savings activities approved under 
        clause (i) for deposit into the IT working capital fund of the 
        covered agency, consistent with paragraph (2)(A).
        (6) Availability of funds.--
            (A) In general.--Any funds deposited into an IT working 
        capital fund shall be available for obligation for the 3-year 
        period beginning on the last day of the fiscal year in which 
        the funds were deposited.
            (B) Transfer of unobligated amounts.--Any amounts in an IT 
        working capital fund that are unobligated at the end of the 3-
        year period described in subparagraph (A) shall be transferred 
        to the general fund of the Treasury.
        (7) Agency cio responsibilities.--In evaluating projects to be 
    funded by the IT working capital fund of a covered agency, the 
    Chief Information Officer of the covered agency shall consider, to 
    the extent applicable, guidance issued under section 1094(b)(1) to 
    evaluate applications for funding from the Fund that include 
    factors including a strong business case, technical design, 
    consideration of commercial off-the-shelf products and services, 
    procurement strategy (including adequate use of rapid, iterative 
    software development practices), and program management.
    (c) Reporting Requirement.--
        (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
    enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, the head of 
    each covered agency shall submit to the Director, with respect to 
    the IT working capital fund of the covered agency--
            (A) a list of each information technology investment 
        funded, including the estimated cost and completion date for 
        each investment; and
            (B) a summary by fiscal year of obligations, expenditures, 
        and unused balances.
        (2) Public availability.--The Director shall make the 
    information submitted under paragraph (1) publicly available on a 
    website.
SEC. 1078. ESTABLISHMENT OF TECHNOLOGY MODERNIZATION FUND AND BOARD.
    (a) Definition.--In this section, the term ``agency'' has the 
meaning given the term in section 551 of title 5, United States Code.
    (b) Technology Modernization Fund.--
        (1) Establishment.--There is established in the Treasury a 
    Technology Modernization Fund for technology-related activities, to 
    improve information technology, to enhance cybersecurity across the 
    Federal Government, and to be administered in accordance with 
    guidance issued by the Director.
        (2) Administration of fund.--The Administrator, in consultation 
    with the Chief Information Officers Council and with the approval 
    of the Director, shall administer the Fund in accordance with this 
    subsection.
        (3) Use of funds.--The Administrator shall, in accordance with 
    recommendations from the Board, use amounts in the Fund--
            (A) to transfer such amounts, to remain available until 
        expended, to the head of an agency for the acquisition of 
        products and services, or the development of such products and 
        services when more efficient and cost effective, to improve, 
        retire, or replace existing Federal information technology 
        systems to enhance cybersecurity and privacy and improve long-
        term efficiency and effectiveness;
            (B) to transfer such amounts, to remain available until 
        expended, to the head of an agency for the operation and 
        procurement of information technology products and services, or 
        the development of such products and services when more 
        efficient and cost effective, and acquisition vehicles for use 
        by agencies to improve Governmentwide efficiency and 
        cybersecurity in accordance with the requirements of the 
        agencies;
            (C) to provide services or work performed in support of--
                (i) the activities described in subparagraph (A) or 
            (B); and
                (ii) the Board and the Director in carrying out the 
            responsibilities described in subsection (c)(2); and
            (D) to fund only programs, projects, or activities or to 
        fund increases for any programs, projects, or activities that 
        have not been denied or restricted by Congress.
        (4) Authorization of appropriations; credits; availability of 
    funds.--
            (A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to the Fund $250,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2018 and 2019.
            (B) Credits.--In addition to any funds otherwise 
        appropriated, the Fund shall be credited with all 
        reimbursements, advances, or refunds or recoveries relating to 
        information technology or services provided for the purposes 
        described in paragraph (3).
            (C) Availability of funds.--Amounts deposited, credited, or 
        otherwise made available to the Fund shall be available until 
        expended for the purposes described in paragraph (3).
        (5) Reimbursement.--
            (A) Reimbursement by agency.--
                (i) In general.--The head of an agency shall reimburse 
            the Fund for any transfer made under subparagraph (A) or 
            (B) of paragraph (3), including any services or work 
            performed in support of the transfer under paragraph 
            (3)(C), in accordance with the terms established in a 
            written agreement described in paragraph (6).
                (ii) Reimbursement from subsequent appropriations.--
            Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an agency may 
            make a reimbursement required under clause (i) from any 
            appropriation made available after the date of enactment of 
            this Act for information technology activities, consistent 
            with any applicable reprogramming law or guidelines of the 
            Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
            Representatives.
                (iii) Recording of obligation.--Notwithstanding section 
            1501 of title 31, United States Code, an obligation to make 
            a payment under a written agreement described in paragraph 
            (6) in a fiscal year after the date of enactment of this 
            Act shall be recorded in the fiscal year in which the 
            payment is due.
            (B) Prices fixed by administrator.--
                (i) In general.--The Administrator, in consultation 
            with the Director, shall establish amounts to be paid by an 
            agency under this paragraph and the terms of repayment for 
            activities funded under paragraph (3), including any 
            services or work performed in support of that development 
            under paragraph (3)(C), at levels sufficient to ensure the 
            solvency of the Fund, including operating expenses.
                (ii) Review and approval.--Before making any changes to 
            the established amounts and terms of repayment, the 
            Administrator shall conduct a review and obtain approval 
            from the Director.
            (C) Failure to make timely reimbursement.--The 
        Administrator may obtain reimbursement from an agency under 
        this paragraph by the issuance of transfer and counterwarrants, 
        or other lawful transfer documents, supported by itemized 
        bills, if payment is not made by the agency during the 90-day 
        period beginning after the expiration of a repayment period 
        described in a written agreement described in paragraph (6).
        (6) Written agreement.--
            (A) In general.--Before the transfer of funds to an agency 
        under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (3), the 
        Administrator, in consultation with the Director, and the head 
        of the agency shall enter into a written agreement--
                (i) documenting the purpose for which the funds will be 
            used and the terms of repayment, which may not exceed 5 
            years unless approved by the Director; and
                (ii) which shall be recorded as an obligation as 
            provided in paragraph (5)(A).
            (B) Requirement for use of incremental funding, commercial 
        products and services, and rapid, iterative development 
        practices.--The Administrator shall ensure--
                (i) for any funds transferred to an agency under 
            paragraph (3)(A), in the absence of compelling 
            circumstances documented by the Administrator at the time 
            of transfer, that such funds shall be transferred only on 
            an incremental basis, tied to metric-based development 
            milestones achieved by the agency through the use of rapid, 
            iterative, development processes; and
                (ii) that the use of commercial products and services 
            are incorporated to the greatest extent practicable in 
            activities funded under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
            paragraph (3), and that the written agreement required 
            under paragraph (6) documents this preference.
        (7) Reporting requirements.--
            (A) List of projects.--
                (i) In general.--Not later than 6 months after the date 
            of enactment of this Act, the Director shall maintain a 
            list of each project funded by the Fund, to be updated not 
            less than quarterly, that includes a description of the 
            project, project status (including any schedule delay and 
            cost overruns), financial expenditure data related to the 
            project, and the extent to which the project is using 
            commercial products and services, including if applicable, 
            a justification of why commercial products and services 
            were not used and the associated development and 
            integration costs of custom development.
                (ii) Public availability.--The list required under 
            clause (i) shall be published on a public website in a 
            manner that is, to the greatest extent possible, consistent 
            with applicable law on the protection of classified 
            information, sources, and methods.
            (B) Comptroller general reports.--Not later than 2 years 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, and every 2 years 
        thereafter, the Comptroller General of the United States shall 
        submit to Congress and make publically available a report 
        assessing--
                (i) the costs associated with establishing the Fund and 
            maintaining the oversight structure associated with the 
            Fund compared with the cost savings associated with the 
            projects funded both annually and over the life of the 
            acquired products and services by the Fund;
                (ii) the reliability of the cost savings estimated by 
            agencies associated with projects funded by the Fund;
                (iii) whether agencies receiving transfers of funds 
            from the Fund used full and open competition to acquire the 
            custom development of information technology products or 
            services; and
                (iv) the number of IT procurement, development, and 
            modernization programs, offices, and entities in the 
            Federal Government, including 18F and the United States 
            Digital Services, the roles, responsibilities, and goals of 
            those programs and entities, and the extent to which they 
            duplicate work.
    (c) Technology Modernization Board.--
        (1) Establishment.--There is established a Technology 
    Modernization Board to evaluate proposals submitted by agencies for 
    funding authorized under the Fund.
        (2) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the Board are--
            (A) to provide input to the Director for the development of 
        processes for agencies to submit modernization proposals to the 
        Board and to establish the criteria by which those proposals 
        are evaluated, which shall include--
                (i) addressing the greatest security, privacy, and 
            operational risks;
                (ii) having the greatest Governmentwide impact; and
                (iii) having a high probability of success based on 
            factors including a strong business case, technical design, 
            consideration of commercial off-the-shelf products and 
            services, procurement strategy (including adequate use of 
            rapid, agile iterative software development practices), and 
            program management;
            (B) to make recommendations to the Administrator to assist 
        agencies in the further development and refinement of select 
        submitted modernization proposals, based on an initial 
        evaluation performed with the assistance of the Administrator;
            (C) to review and prioritize, with the assistance of the 
        Administrator and the Director, modernization proposals based 
        on criteria established pursuant to subparagraph (A);
            (D) to identify, with the assistance of the Administrator, 
        opportunities to improve or replace multiple information 
        technology systems with a smaller number of information 
        technology services common to multiple agencies;
            (E) to recommend the funding of modernization projects, in 
        accordance with the uses described in subsection (b)(3), to the 
        Administrator;
            (F) to monitor, in consultation with the Administrator, 
        progress and performance in executing approved projects and, if 
        necessary, recommend the suspension or termination of funding 
        for projects based on factors including the failure to meet the 
        terms of a written agreement described in subsection (b)(6); 
        and
            (G) to monitor the operating costs of the Fund.
        (3) Membership.--The Board shall consist of 7 voting members.
        (4) Chair.--The Chair of the Board shall be the Administrator 
    of the Office of Electronic Government.
        (5) Permanent members.--The permanent members of the Board 
    shall be--
            (A) the Administrator of the Office of Electronic 
        Government; and
            (B) a senior official from the General Services 
        Administration having technical expertise in information 
        technology development, appointed by the Administrator, with 
        the approval of the Director.
        (6) Additional members of the board.--
            (A) Appointment.--The other members of the Board shall be--
                (i) 1 employee of the National Protection and Programs 
            Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security, 
            appointed by the Secretary of Homeland Security; and
                (ii) 4 employees of the Federal Government primarily 
            having technical expertise in information technology 
            development, financial management, cybersecurity and 
            privacy, and acquisition, appointed by the Director.
            (B) Term.--Each member of the Board described in paragraph 
        (A) shall serve a term of 1 year, which shall be renewable not 
        more than 4 times at the discretion of the appointing Secretary 
        or Director, as applicable.
        (7) Prohibition on compensation.--Members of the Board may not 
    receive additional pay, allowances, or benefits by reason of their 
    service on the Board.
        (8) Staff.--Upon request of the Chair of the Board, the 
    Director and the Administrator may detail, on a reimbursable or 
    nonreimbursable basis, any employee of the Federal Government to 
    the Board to assist the Board in carrying out the functions of the 
    Board.
    (d) Responsibilities of Administrator.--
        (1) In general.--In addition to the responsibilities described 
    in subsection (b), the Administrator shall support the activities 
    of the Board and provide technical support to, and, with the 
    concurrence of the Director, oversight of, agencies that receive 
    transfers from the Fund.
        (2) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of the 
    Administrator are--
            (A) to provide direct technical support in the form of 
        personnel services or otherwise to agencies transferred amounts 
        under subsection (b)(3)(A) and for products, services, and 
        acquisition vehicles funded under subsection (b)(3)(B);
            (B) to assist the Board with the evaluation, 
        prioritization, and development of agency modernization 
        proposals.
            (C) to perform regular project oversight and monitoring of 
        approved agency modernization projects, in consultation with 
        the Board and the Director, to increase the likelihood of 
        successful implementation and reduce waste; and
            (D) to provide the Director with information necessary to 
        meet the requirements of subsection (b)(7).
    (e) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on the date 
that is 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
    (f) Sunset.--
        (1) In general.--On and after the date that is 2 years after 
    the date on which the Comptroller General of the United States 
    issues the third report required under subsection (b)(7)(B), the 
    Administrator may not award or transfer funds from the Fund for any 
    project that is not already in progress as of such date.
        (2) Transfer of unobligated amounts.--Not later than 90 days 
    after the date on which all projects that received an award from 
    the Fund are completed, any amounts in the Fund shall be 
    transferred to the general fund of the Treasury and shall be used 
    for deficit reduction.
        (3) Termination of technology modernization board.--Not later 
    than 90 days after the date on which all projects that received an 
    award from the Fund are completed, the Technology Modernization 
    Board and all the authorities of subsection (c) shall terminate.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 1081. TECHNICAL, CONFORMING, AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.
    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
        (1) Section 113(j)(1) is amended by striking ``the Committee 
    on'' the first place it appears and all that follows through ``of 
    Representatives'' and inserting ``congressional defense 
    committees''.
        (2) Section 115(i)(9) is amended by striking ``section 1203(b) 
    of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Act of 1993 (22 U.S.C. 
    5952(b))'' and inserting ``section 1321(a) of the Department of 
    Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 U.S.C. 3711(a))''.
        (3) Section 122a(a) is amended by striking ``acting through the 
    Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs'' 
    and inserting ``acting through the Assistant to the Secretary of 
    Defense for Public Affairs''.
        (4) Section 127(c)(1) is amended by striking ``the Committee 
    on'' the first place it appears and all that follows through ``of 
    Representatives'' and inserting ``congressional defense 
    committees''.
        (5) Section 129a(b) is amended by striking ``(as identified 
    pursuant to section 118b of this title)''.
        (6) Section 130f(b)(1) is amended by adding a period at the 
    end.
        (7) Section 139b(c)(2) is amended by inserting a period at the 
    end of subparagraph (K).
        (8) Section 153(a) is amended by inserting a colon after ``the 
    following'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1).
        (9) Section 162(a)(4) is amended by striking the comma after 
    ``command of''.
        (10) Section 164(a)(1)(B) is amended by striking ``section 
    664(f)'' and inserting ``section 664(d)''.
        (11) Section 166(c) is amended by striking ``section 2011'' and 
    inserting ``section 322''.
        (12) Section 167b(e)(2)(A)(iii)(II) is amended by striking 
    ``Fiscal Year 2014'' and inserting ``Fiscal Year 2016''.
        (13) Section 171a is amended--
            (A) in subsection (f), by striking ``(4))'' and inserting 
        ``(4)))''; and
            (B) in subsection (i)(3), by striking ``section 2366(e)'' 
        and inserting ``sections 2366(e) and 2366a(d)''.
        (14) Section 179(f)(3)(B)(iii) is amended by striking 
    ``Joints'' and inserting ``Joint''.
        (15) Section 181(b)(1) is amended by striking ``section 118'' 
    and inserting ``section 113(g)''.
        (16) Section 222(b) is amended by striking ``both'' through the 
    period at the end and inserting ``major force programs.''.
        (17) Section 342(j)(2) is amended by striking the second period 
    at the end.
        (18) Section 347(a)(1)(A) is amended by inserting ``section'' 
    in clauses (i) and (iii) after ``Academy under''.
        (19) Section 494(b)(2)(B) is amended by striking ``of title 
    10'' and inserting ``of this title''.
        (20) Section 661(c) is amended by striking ``section 664(f)'' 
    in paragraphs (1)(B)(i) and (3)(A) and inserting ``section 
    664(d)''.
        (21) Section 801 (article 1 of the Uniform Code of Military 
    Justice) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
    striking ``chapter:'' and inserting ``chapter (the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice):''.
        (22) Section 806b(b) (article 6b(b) of the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice) is amended by striking ``(the Uniform Code of 
    Military Justice)''.
        (23) Section 1073c(a)(1)(E) is amended by striking ``miliary'' 
    and inserting ``military''.
        (24) Section 1074g(a)(9) is amended by moving subparagraphs (B) 
    and (C) two ems to the left.
        (25) Section 1451 is amended in subsections (a) and (b) by 
    striking ``section 1450(a)(4)'' each place it appears and inserting 
    ``section 1450(a)(5)''.
        (26) Section 1452(c) is amended in paragraphs (1) and (3) by 
    striking ``section 1450(a)(4)'' both places it appears and 
    inserting ``section 1450(a)(5)''.
        (27) Subsection (i) of section 1552, as redesignated by section 
    511(a)(1) of this Act, is amended by striking ``calender'' each 
    place it appears and inserting ``calendar''.
        (28) Section 1553(f) is amended by striking ``calender'' each 
    place it appears and inserting ``calendar''.
        (29) Section 2264(b)(3) is amended by striking ``the date of 
    the'' and all the follows through ``2015'' and inserting ``December 
    19, 2014''.
        (30) Section 2330a is amended--
            (A) in subsection (d)(1)(C), by striking ``management.;'' 
        and inserting ``management;''; and
            (B) in subsection (h)--
                (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``Performance-
            based.--'' after ``(1)'';
                (ii) by designating the four paragraphs after paragraph 
            (4) as paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and (8), respectively;
                (iii) in paragraph (5), as redesignated, by inserting 
            ``Service acquisition portfolio groups.--'' after ``(5)''; 
            and
                (iv) in paragraph (6), as redesignated, by inserting 
            ``Staff augmentation contracts.--'' after ``(6)''.
        (31) Section 2334(a)(6)(B) is amended by adding a semicolon at 
    the end.
        (32) Section 2335 is amended by striking ``(2 U.S.C. 431 et 
    seq.)'' in subsections (c)(1) and (d)(3) and inserting ``(52 U.S.C. 
    30101 et seq.)''.
        (33) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 139 is 
    amended by inserting at period at the end of the items relating to 
    sections 2372 and 2372a.
        (34) Section 2364(a)(6) is amended by striking ``conveys'' and 
    inserting ``convey''.
        (35) Section 2372 is amended by striking ``subsection 
    (c)(3)(A)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(2)(A)''.
        (36) Section 2411(1)(D) is amended by striking ``(Public Law 
    93-638; 25 U.S.C. 450b(l))'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 5304(l))''.
        (37) The item relating to section 2431b in the table of 
    sections at the beginning of chapter 144 is amended to read as 
    follows:

``2431b. Risk management and mitigation in major defense acquisition 
          programs and major systems.''.

        (38) Section 2430 is amended by striking ``subsection (a)(2)'' 
    in subsections (b) and (c) and inserting ``subsection (a)(1)(B)''.
        (39) Section 2431a(d) is amended by inserting ``(1)'' after 
    ``Review.--''.
        (40) Section 2446b(e) is amended--
            (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``in 
        writing that--'' and inserting ``in writing--''; and
            (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, that'' after ``open 
        system approach''.
        (41) Section 2548(e) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``Requirements'' and all that follows 
        through ``by the Secretary'' and inserting ``Requirement.--The 
        annual report prepared by the Secretary'';
            (B) by striking ``system; and'' and inserting ``system.''; 
        and
            (C) by striking paragraph (2).
        (42) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 152 is 
    amended by inserting a period at the end of the item relating to 
    section 2567.
        (43) Section 2576a(b) is amended by striking ``and'' at the end 
    of paragraph (4).
        (44) Section 2612(a) is amended by striking ``section 
    2166(f)(4)'' and inserting ``section 343(f)(4)''.
        (45) Section 2662(f)(1)(D) is amended by striking ``section 
    334'' and inserting ``section 254''.
        (46) Section 2667(e) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (1)(E), by striking ``military museum 
        described in section 489(a) of this title'' and inserting 
        ``military museum'';
            (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``before January 1, 2005, 
        shall be deposited into the account'' and inserting ``shall be 
        deposited into the Department of Defense Base Closure 
        Account''; and
            (C) by striking paragraph (5).
        (47) Section 2667(k) is amended by striking ``section 9101'' 
    and inserting ``section 8101''.
        (48) Section 2925(b)(1) is amended by striking ``section 138c'' 
    and inserting ``section 2926(b)''.
        (49) Chapter 449 is amended--
            (A) by striking the second section 4781; and
            (B) in the table of sections, by striking the item relating 
        to the second section 4781.
        (50) Section 7235(e)(2) is amended by striking ``24 months 
    after the date of the enactment of this section'' and inserting 
    ``November 25, 2017,''.
        (51) The item relating to section 9517 in the table of sections 
    at the beginning of chapter 931 is amended by making the first 
    letter of the third word lower case.
    (b) Amendments Related to Repeal of Pending Authority To Establish 
Under Secretary of Defense for Business Management and Information.--
        (1) National defense authorization act for fiscal year 2015.--
    Effective as of December 23, 2016, section 901 of the Carl Levin 
    and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3462), as 
    amended by section 901(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
    for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2342), is 
    further amended--
            (A) by striking subsection (j);
            (B) in subsection (l)(1), by striking subparagraph (A);
            (C) in subsection (m), by striking paragraphs (1) and (2); 
        and
            (D) in subsection (n), by striking paragraph (1).
        (2) National defense authorization act for fiscal year 2016.--
    Effective as of November 25, 2015, subsection (f) of section 883 of 
    the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public 
    Law 114-92), as added by section 1081(c)(5) of the National Defense 
    Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is 
    amended by striking paragraph (1).
    (c) Technical Corrections Related to Uniform Code of Military 
Justice Reform.--
        (1) In general.--Chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
    (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as amended by the Military 
    Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328), is further 
    amended as follows:
            (A) Section 801 (article 1) is amended, in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``(the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice)'' after ``chapter''.
            (B) Subsection (b) of section 806b (article 6b), as amended 
        by section 5105 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2895) is amended by striking ``(the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice)''.
            (C) Subsections (b) and (c) of section 816 (article 16), as 
        amended by section 5161 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
        (130 Stat. 2897) are amended by striking ``sections 825(d)(3) 
        and 829 of this title (articles 25(d)(3) and 29)'' each place 
        it appears and inserting ``sections 825(e)(3) and 829 of this 
        title (articles 25(e)(3) and 29)''.
            (D) Subsection (a)(4) of section 839 (article 39), as added 
        by section 5222(1) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 
        Stat. 2909), is amended by striking ``in non-capital cases 
        unless the accused requests sentencing by members under section 
        825 of this title (article 25)'' and inserting ``under section 
        853(b)(1) of this title (article 53(b)(1))''.
            (E) Subsection (i) of section 843 (article 43), as added by 
        section 5225(c) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2909), is amended by striking ``Dna Evidence.--'' and inserting 
        ``DNA Evidence.--''.
            (F) Section 848(c)(1) (article 48(c)(1)), as amended by 
        section 5230 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2913), is further amended by striking ``section 866(g) of this 
        title (article 66(g))'' and inserting ``section 866(h) of this 
        title (article 66(h))''.
            (G) Section 853(b)(1)(B) (article 53(b)(1)(B)), as amended 
        by section 5236 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2937), is further amended by striking ``in a trial''.
            (H) Subsection (d) of section 853a (article 53a), as added 
        by section 5237 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2917), is amended by striking ``military judge'' the second 
        place it appears and inserting ``court-martial''.
            (I) Section 864(a) (article 64(a)), as amended by section 
        5328(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 2929), 
        is further amended by striking ``(a) (a) In General.--'' and 
        inserting ``(a) In General.--''.
            (J) Subsection (b)(1) of section 865 (article 65), as added 
        by section 5329 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2930), is amended by striking ``section 866(b)(2) of this title 
        (article 66(b)(2))'' and inserting ``section 866(b)(3) of this 
        title (article 66(b)(3))''.
            (K) Subsection (f)(3) of section 866 (article 66), as added 
        by section 5330 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2932), is amended by inserting after ``Court'' the first place 
        it appears the following: ``of Criminal Appeals''.
            (L) Section 869(c)(1)(A) (article 69(c)(1)(A)), as amended 
        by section 5333 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2935), is further amended by inserting a comma after ``in 
        part''.
            (M) Section 882(b) (article 82(b)), as amended by section 
        5403 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 2939), is 
        further amended by striking ``section 99'' and inserting 
        ``section 899''.
            (N) Section 919a(b) (article 119a(b)), as amended by 
        section 5401(13)(B) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 
        Stat. 2939), is further amended--
                (i) by striking ``928a, 926, and 928'' and inserting 
            ``926, 928, and 928a''; and
                (ii) by striking ``128a 126, and 128'' and inserting 
            ``126, 128, and 128a''.
            (O) Section 920(g)(2) (article 120(g)(2)), as amended by 
        section 5430(b) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2949), is further amended in the first sentence by striking 
        ``brest'' and inserting ``breast''.
            (P) Section 928(b)(2) (article 128(b)(2)), as amended by 
        section 5441 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 
        2954), is further amended by striking the comma after 
        ``substantial bodily harm''.
            (Q) Subsection (b)(2) of section 932 (article 132), as 
        added by section 5450 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 
        Stat. 2957), is amended by striking ``section 1034(h)'' and 
        inserting ``section 1034(j)''.
            (R) Section 937 (article 137), as amended by section 5503 
        of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 Stat. 2960), is 
        further amended by striking ``(the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice)'' each place it appears as follows:
                (i) In subsection (a)(1), in the matter preceding 
            subparagraph (A).
                (ii) In subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
            subparagraph (A).
                (iii) In subsection (d), in the matter preceding 
            paragraph (1).
        (2) Cross-references to stalking.--Title 10, United States 
    Code, is amended as follows:
            (A) Section 673(a) is amended--
                (i) by striking ``920a, or 920c'' and inserting ``920c, 
            or 930''; and
                (ii) by striking ``120a, or 120c'' and inserting 
            ``120c, or 130''.
            (B) Section 674(a) is amended--
                (i) by striking ``920a, 920b, 920c, or 925'' and 
            inserting ``920b, 920c, or 930''; and
                (ii) by striking ``120a, 120b, 120c, or 125'' and 
            inserting ``120b, 120c, or 130''.
            (C) Section 1034(c)(2)(A) is amended by striking ``sections 
        920 through 920c of this title (articles 120 through 120c of 
        the Uniform Code of Military Justice)'' and inserting ``section 
        920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 120b, 120c, 
        or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice)''.
            (D) Section 1044e(g)(1) is amended--
                (i) by striking ``920a, 920b, 920c, or 925'' and 
            inserting ``920b, 920c, or 930''; and
                (ii) by striking ``120a, 120b, 120c, or 125'' and 
            inserting ``120b, 120c, or 130''.
        (3) Cross-reference in title 5.--Section 8312(b)(2)(A) of title 
    5, United States Code, is amended by striking ``article 106 
    (spies), or article 106a (espionage)'' and inserting ``article 103a 
    (espionage), or article 106 (spies)''.
        (4) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
    shall take effect immediately after the amendments made by the 
    Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) 
    take effect as provided for in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 
    2967).
    (d) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.--
Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as 
enacted, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) is amended as follows:
        (1) Section 217(a)(2) (130 Stat. 2051) is amended by striking 
    ``section 821b'' and inserting ``section 821(b)''.
        (2) Section 233 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note; 130 Stat. 2061) is 
    amended in subsections (a)(1) and (b)(1), by striking 
    ``secretaries'' and inserting ``Secretaries''.
        (3) Section 728(b)(1) (130 Stat. 2234) is amended by inserting 
    ``(c)'' after ``Section 1073b''.
        (4) Section 805(a)(2) (130 Stat. 2255) is amended by striking 
    ``The table of chapters for title 10, United States Code, is'' and 
    inserting ``The tables of chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, 
    and at the beginning of part IV of subtitle A, of title 10, United 
    States Code, are''.
        (5) The matter to be inserted by section 824(d)(1)(B) (130 
    Stat. 2279) is amended--
            (A) by striking ``(3)'' and inserting ``(4)''; and
            (B) by striking ``(4)'' and inserting ``(5)''.
        (6) Section 833(b)(2)(C) (130 Stat. 2284) is amended--
            (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``Section 2330a(j) of title 
        10, United States Code,'' and inserting ``Section 2330a(h) of 
        title 10, United States Code, as redesignated by section 
        812(d),''; and
            (B) in clause (iii), in the matter proposed to be inserted, 
        by striking ``section 2330a(j)'' and inserting ``section 
        2330a(h)''.
        (7) Section 865(b)(2) (130 Stat. 2305) is amended by striking 
    ``section 2330a(g)(5)'' and inserting ``section 2330a(h)(4)''.
        (8) Section 893(c) (130 Stat. 2324) is amended by inserting 
    ``paragraph (2) of'' after ``is further amended in''.
        (9) Section 902(b) (130 Stat. 2344) is amended by striking 
    ``Section 151(b)(5)'' and inserting ``Section 131(b)(5)''.
        (10) Section 921(c) (130 Stat. 2351) is amended by inserting 
    after ``The text of'' the following: ``subsection (a) (after the 
    subsection heading)''.
        (11) Section 1061(c)(23) (130 Stat. 2400) is amended by 
    striking ``488(c)'' and inserting ``488''.
        (12) Section 1061(i) (130 Stat. 2404) is amended--
            (A) in paragraph (23), by striking ``2010 (Public Law 110-
        417)'' and